Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1941’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4829 Post No. : 16608

‘Anjaan’ (1941) was produced under the banner of Bombay Talkies and was directed by Amiya Chakraborty who made his debut as a director with this film. The star cast included Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar in the lead roles supported by Girish, P F Pithawala, V H Desai, Gulab, David, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleiman, Master Suresh, Baby Madhuri, Rewashankar, Arun Kumar etc. For Devika Rani, it was her ‘comeback’ film after her last film ‘Durga’ (1939) and after the death of her husband, Himanshu Rai in 1940.

Another ‘first’ for the film ‘Anjaan’ (1941) was that R D Mathur, the US trained photographer who was assistant to Josef Wirsching, the German cinematographer of Bombay Talkies, made his debut as a Cinematographer for the film. He got this opportunity as Josef Wirsching, being a German, was jailed in India during the World War-II. R D Mathur earned his name as an ace cinematographer for his works in films such as ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960) and Razia Sultana’ (1983). He also completed the cinematography work for ‘Paakeezah’ (1971) after the sudden death of the film’s cinematographer, Josef Wirsching.

Since the inception of the film productions by Bombay Talkies in 1935, Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal used to be the music directors of all the films of Bombay Talkies released till 1940. ‘Anjaan’ (1941) was the first film of Bombay Talkies for which instead of Saraswati Devi or Ramchandra Pal, the music direction of the film was entrusted to Pannalal Ghosh, who had shifted from Kolkata to Mumbai in 1940 with his wife and playback singer, Parul Ghosh.

Pandit Pannalal Ghosh (24/07/1911 – 20/04/1960), the renowned flautist, who was the pioneer in introducing the flute as the musical instrument in the Hindustani classical musical concerts, had to start his initial musical career in the film industry in Kolkata at the age of 17 when he lost his father. He started with playing flute during the exhibitions of the silent films. When the sound films came into being, he became the music assistant, first to Kazi Nazrul Islam and thereafter to R C Boral when he joined the New Theatres as a musician. He had assisted R C Boral when for the first time, playback singing Indian films was introduced for ‘Dhoop Chhaaon’/Bhagyachakra’ (1935).

Pannalal Ghosh’s association with the film industry was mainly to earn money to take care of his family. His interest was to become a Hindustani classical musician with flute as his musical instrument. He formally became the ‘gadabandh’ disciple of Ustad Khushi Mohammed Khan and after his death, the disciple of Pandit Girija Prasad Chakraborty. Besides working for New Theatres, Pannalal Ghosh regularly participated in the programmes of the All India Radio, Kolkata as a flautist.

In early 1940, Pannalal Ghosh shifted his base to Mumbai along with his family as he felt that there was no recognition to his work in Kolkata. In Mumbai, he followed the same strategy – working in the films for sustenance and pursuing his interest in Hindustani classical music. He immediately got his first assignment as a music director for Kikubhai Desai’s film ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940). This was followed by ‘Anjaan’ (1941), ‘Basant’ (1942), ‘Sawwal’ (1943), ‘Duhaai’ (1943), ‘Bhalaai’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Beesvi Sadi’ (1945) ‘Aadhar’ (1945) etc.

However, Pannalal Ghosh could not get satisfaction with his work because of the way the Hindi film industry worked. During this time, Ustad Allauddin Khan of Maihar Gharana, the exponent of multiple musical instruments like sarod, sitar, flute, Veena etc. was staying in Mumbai. Pannalal Ghosh became his disciple at a time when he was already started giving public concerts. ‘Aandolan’ (1951) was his last film as a music director.

From 1955-60, Pannalal Ghosh took up the job as a Composer and Director of All India Radio, Delhi Vadhya Vrinda (Orchestra) and stayed in Delhi with his family. His connection with Hindi films was limited to playing flute as and when music directors called him to Mumbai. The best exmaples of his flute recitals can be found in the song main piya teri tu maane ya na maane from ‘Basant Bahaar’ (1956) and in the song mohe panghat pe nandlal chhed gayo re from ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960).

I have always thought that the flute was a tiny musical instrument – may be not more than 12-18 inches long. I realised that it was not so when I when I saw the photographs of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh and Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia playing with their long flutes. The credit for elongating the flute’s normal length to as high as 32 inches goes to Pandit Pannalal Ghosh with an extra 7th hole so that the tiny folk instrument becomes capable of playing Hindustani classical music in various raags. Over a period of time, flute has become one of the concerts’ music instruments along with other music instruments. Probably, Pandit Pannalal Ghosh was the first Hindustani classical musician to play the solo flute in public concerts.

Pandit Pannalal Ghosh died of a massive heart attack on April 20, 1960 when he was 48. He has left a large number of his disciples to keep his legacy alive.

The story of ‘Anjaan’ (1941) as under:

Indira (Devika Rani) is employed by Ranima (Gulab), the widow of the landlord as governess to look after her two children. Ramnath (Girish) is the Estate Manager to Ranima who loves Indira and to get her on his side, he is ready to turn to the villainous acts. Indira falls in love with Dr. Ajit (Ashok Kumar) who often visits Ranima for her medical check-up. Now, this turns into a love triangle. The more love between Dr Ajit and Indira blossom, the more villainous Ramnath turns. Ramnath falsely accuses Indira of secretly visiting to Ajit’s house in the night about which he complains to Ranima. Indira gets her services as governess terminated.

After hearing from Ajit about the wrong doings by Ramnath, it is too much for Ranima for her already weak heart leading to the further deterioration of her fragile health. Ajit administers her injection to revive Ranima but in vain. She is dead. Ramanth finds a good excuse to implicate Ajit on the charge of the murder of Ranima.

The news of the alleged murder by Ajit unnerves Indira as Ramnath tells her that he is going the lodge the murder charges against Ajit. She agreed to marry Ramnath provided he lets Ajit free from the murder charges. Hereafter, she avoids meeting Ajit which creates misunderstanding in his mind about Indira. He decides to leave the place for the city. Ajit decision to migrate to the city is too much for Indira. She decides to meet Ajit at the railway station to tell him the truth. After listening her, Ajit tells her to wait for his return from the city.

Ramnath comes to know about the double crossing by Indira. He lodges the charge of murder on Ajit who is arrested in the city. To prove the motive for the murder of Ranima, Ramnath removes some costly jewelries and declares as missing, pointing finger on Ajit. In the trial in the session court, Ajit argues himself. The judge is impressed by his arguments. But the evidences are all against Ajit. However, it is the two children of Ranima whose evidences clinche the judgement in favour of Ajit. Ramnath is handed over to the police and Ajit gets Indira.(With inputs from the review of the film which appeared in the September 1941 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine).

The film had 10 songs of which 8 songs have been covered on the Blog as under:

Songs Date of Posting Singers
Aayi paschim se ghata naunihaalon jaago 02/03/2015 Devika Rani
Main to tumse bandhi rahoon 11/12/2015 Devika Rani
Mere jeewan ke pathh par chhaayi ye kaun 20/10/2020 Ashok Kumar-Devika Rani
Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya 20/01/2021 Rajkumari
Kheencho kamaan kheencho 26/01/2021 Ashok Kumar-Suresh-Rewashankar
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamare Triple version song 06/02/2021 Ashok Kumar-Devika Rani-Suresh-Rewashankar

I am presenting the last and the final song ‘saanwariya re saanwaria’ which has two versions – a duet sung by Arun Kumar Mukherjee and Susheela and a solo sung by Arun Kumar Mukherjee towards the end of the film. The song is written by P L Santoshi which is set to music by Pandit Pannalal Ghosh. The audio clip of the song is longer by one stanza. Hence the lyrics of the song is based on the audio clip.

My guess is that Arun Kumar Mukherjee sings in both the versions of the song on himself. From the side profile of his face during the singing, I notice some resemblance of Ashok Kumar on his face who was his maternal cousin. In the star cast, the name of Arun Kumar is mentioned.

With this two-version song, all the song of ‘Anjaan’ (1941) have ben covered on the Blog.

Acknowledgement: Some of the information on the early life of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh has been sourced from pannalalghosh.com.

Audio Clip (Duet):

Video Clip (Duet):

Video Clip (Male Solo):

Song-Saanwariya re saanwariyaa (Anjaan)(1941) Singers-Arun Kumar Mukherjee, Susheela, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Pannalal Ghosh
Both

Lyrics(Based on Audio Clip)

saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
ek nagariya ham donon ki
ek dagariya aa
ek nagariya ham donon ki
ek dagariya aa
chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re sawariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya

raah kanteeli door thikaana aa
raah kanteeli door thikaana
phir bhi hamko chalte jaana
raah katili door thikaana
phir bhi hamko chalte jaana
beet jaaye chaahe saari umariya
beet jaaye chaahe saari umariya
chal re saanwariya
haan
chal re chal re saanwariya
sawariya re sawariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya

main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
haan saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya

main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
jaise din ke saath ujhera rahe
main tera rahoon tu meri rahe
haan saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya

aabaad rahe ham tum donon
aabaad rahe ham tum donon
aabaad hamaara dera rahe
bajta rahe ye iktaara
bajta rahe ye iktaara
madhur preet ki baansuriya
madhur preet ki baansuriya
chal re saanwariya
haan
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
saanwariya re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya
chal chal re chal re saanwariya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4764 Post No. : 16511 Movie Count :

4488

Today’s song is from the film Paisa-1941. This was the first film having the word ‘Paisa’ in its title. After this film, every decade, there were films having the word Paisa in its title. In 1956 – Paisa hi Paisa, in 1957- Paisa, in 1969- Paisa ya Pyar, in 1974- Paise ki Gudiya, in 1985- Paisa yeh Paisa, in 1992- Paise ke Peechhe, in 2001- Paisewali, and in 2004- Paisa Vasool. Obviously, the importance of Paisa had established itself in the film industry !

Talking of film titles, I was once going through the Film Title Index from 1931 to 2012, published by Shri Hamraz ji. I was sure that the most popular word for film titles must be ” Pyar”. For the sake of confirmation and curiosity, I started counting the film titles starting with the word Pyar. I found 96 films made with Pyar as the starting word in their titles. There were another 11 variations like Pyaara, Pyaari etc.

Slightly disappointed with my age-old belief about Pyar being the most popular film title word shattered, I decided to find out which word was more in film titles than Pyar. Once I completed the count, I was surprised to find 206 films having the word ” Ek” in its titles. In this category, 32 films started with the words” Ek aur….”. While doing this exercise, I came across many Title repeats and I took up that issue.

I have found that there were films beyond count having a repeat of titles for 2 or 3 times,
4 times repeat titles were 80 films
5 times were 23 films
6 times were 5 films and
7 times was only 1 Title….” INSAF “. Films with this title were made in 1937, 1946, 1956, 1966, 1973, 1987 and 1997. As if by a rule, these films were made every decade till 2000 ! So much for Film Titles in Hindi Cinema World !

From 1931 till about the end of the 50’d decade, the Southern, Eastern and the Western region filmmakers used to make Bilingual (even Trilingual) films, i.e. one in the regional language and another in Hindi language. This was essentially to earn more profits and widen the scope of their films. In the early years, the regional cinema did not have so much market as the Hindi films had reached the nooks and corners of India- including South India, Ceylon, Burma, Afghanistan etc. As the times passed on, the Regional markets grew big enough to compete and do away with looking at Hindi markets for business.

Today’s film Paisa-41 was also one such film made in Marathi and Hindi. It is just a coincidence that my previous post and today’s post both have the films with the same Director-G.P.Pawar and the same Heroine-Kanta Kumari. The Lyricist of this film is not known, but the Music Director was C.Balaji.

I am sure, hardly anyone has ever heard his name so far. It is natural also, because Balaji gave music only to 2 Hindi films. First is Raja Gopi chand-1938 And the other film was Paisa-1941. Both his films were bilingual-in Hindi and Marathi. Basically Balaji was a marathi film composer. He was the first music director to change his name to look like a South indian name. C.Ramchandra came much later.

His real name was Balaji Gopal Chougule. originally his family was from Kolhapur, but he was born at Varanasi on 12-10-1913. After the death of his maternal grandfather Balaji came to Kolhapur. here he learnt music from Ustad Manji khan (son of Ustad Alladiya khan), Shankarrao Sarnaik and Govindrao Tembe. Tembe taught him the skill to give music to films.

He started working with some drama companies like Kirloskar natak mandali and Yeshwant Sangeet mandali, as a Harmonium player. In 1937, he became assistant to Govindrao Tembe for film ‘Pratibha'(Hindi/marathi). When Tembe left the film halfway, he completed its music, but his name was not credited. He got his first Marathi film independently, Kanhopatra. Its songs became very popular. Pendharkar gave him Raja Gopichand-38 as an independent MD. Later he did another film in Hindi/Marathi, Paisa-41.

In 1945, Balaji started learning music again, this time under Bhurji Khan (youngest son of Alladiya Khan). Balaji gave music to 5 Marathi films and 2 Hindi/Marathi films. When Shivaji University started in Kolhapur in 1962, he started an agitation for inclusion of Music in its curriculum. His efforts bore fruits and it was done in 1964. He gave tutions of Music in his last days. C.Balaji expired on 11-9-1984 at his home town, Kolhapur.

The cast of this film was Kanta Kumari, Madhav Kale, Indira Wadkar (this was her last Hindi film), Shakuntala, Vimal Ghaisas, Devaskar, Raja pandit ( he was an actor, director and producer. He was the husband of actress Ratnamala. They had one son-Jaikumar, who died in an accident. They were divorced later on), Bala saheb, V.D.Pandit etc.

Madhav Kale was born in Nashik in 1903. After his school education at Nashik, he joined Deccan college at Poona and passed Intermediate course. He was interested in playing in dramas, which was opposed by his mother. But he used to take part in dramas while in college. He was a good singer too. Wanting to join films, he sent applications to many companies. Saroj and Sharda companies responded. He acted in several silent films like Mukti Sangram, Kanak Kesari etc. He entered the Talkie films with Vikram Charitra-32, Mera Imaan-34 and Vishnu Bhakti-34. During this period, he got married in 1934.

He acted in 21 films. His last film was Gokul ka chor-59. He even directed one film, Sacha Sapna-42. He sang 13 songs in 7 films till 1942.
There is no information about him after this.
After writing this bio of Madhav Kale, I came to know that after the films, Madhav went back to Nashik, where he was active in local politics. He became a Municipal Councillor, but lost Assembly elections, which he was very hopeful of. He died somewhere in 1980.

Indira Wadkar was the Paternal aunt of Heroine Hansa Wadkar. Hansa Wadkar’s father had three sisters, Kesharbai, Indirabai and Sushilabai. Sushila was married to Master Vinayak, a renowned actor-director of the early era of Indian cinema. The elder sister as well as Indira Wadkar were acting in films and Indira was a classical singer as well. Indira acted in several films including Duniya Kya Hai (Resurrection) (1937) and in Vinayak’s production company “Hans Films” like Devata (1939) in Marathi. Indira used the surname Wadkar to avoid using the family name Salgaokar, for fear of reprisal from society against women acting in films. Her older sister, Kesharbai, was working in a film made by M.G. Rangnekar and she suggested that Wadkar work in films to sustain her family. She acted in 11 Hindi films. She was a popular mother in law in Marathi films.

Today’s song is sung by a Chorus, with an unknown male voice in it. With this song, film Paisa-41 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Jag ko naach nachaaye paisa (Paisa)(1941) Singers- Chorus, Lyricist- Not known, MD- C.Balaji

Lyrics

Jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa
Jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa
lambe kad waala jhuk jaaye
lambe kad waala jhuk jaaye
bigde(?) ko akdaaye
bigde(?) ko akdaaye
paisa Jag ko naach nachaaye
paisa jag ko khel khilaaye
paisa Jag ko naach nachaaye
paisa jag ko khel khilaaye
paisa

paise ki mahima hai nyaari
paise ki mahima hai nyaari
isko poojen sab nar naari
isko poojen sab nar naari
meethhe khwaab dikhaaye paisa
meethhe khwaab dikhaaye paisa
jeewan swapn banaaye paisa
jeewan swapn banaaye paisa
jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa
jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa

begaane apne ban jaayen
begaane apne ban jaayen
dushman bhi aa kar apnaayen
dushman bhi aa kar apnaayen
aaye aa kar jaaye paisa
aaye aa kar jaaye paisa
jaaye jaa kar aaye paisa
jaaye jaa kar aaye paisa

paisa
paisa
paisa
paisa

paisa
paisa
paisa
paisa
paisa
Jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa
Jag ko naach nachaaye paisa
jag ko khel khilaaye paisa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4696 Post No. : 16386 Movie Count :

4452

When Imperial Movietone released India’s  first sound film, ‘Alam Ara’  in  1931, other top film production companies of Hindi films followed suit. Madan Theatre with ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1931), Ranjit Movietone with ‘Dev Devyani’ (1931), Sagar Films with ‘Meri Jaan’ (1931), Prabhat Film Company with ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932, in Marathi and Hindi), New Theatre with ‘Mohabbat Ke Aansoo” (1932) were some of the early film production companies to release their first Hindi sound films.

Wadia Brothers were the late entrant to the production of sound films. The reason was that JBH Wadia did not have his own banner when he was making the silent films since 1928. It was only when sound films came into existence, JBH Wadia was joined by his brother Homi Wadia to set up Wadia Movietone in 1933. The banner’s first sound film was ‘Laal-e-Yaman’ (1933) which was directed by JBH Wadia. Wadia Brothers were the populist film-makers who believe in making wholesome entertainment films. They mainly chose the genres of stunts, action, adventure and costume drama films. The first sound film was a money spinner for the banner which enabled them to set up their own studio.

‘Laal-e-Yaman’ (1933) will be remembered for shaping the career of two artists who acted in the film in side roles.  First, Master Feroze Dastoor was introduced in the film as a singer-actor. JBH Wadia was a patron of Hindustani classical music. When he heard 14-year-old Feroze Dastoor singing a Hindustani classical song, he decided to use his voice for the film. In the absence of the playback singing system, he was taken in the film as an actor so that he can sing the songs. Feroze Dastoor sang 7 songs in the classical/semi-classical genre. Later, Pandit Feroze Dastoor became one of the leading Hindustani classical vocalists belonging to Kirana Gharana.

The second actor was Nadia who did a small role in the film as a chorus singer. In a couple of years after the release of ‘Laal-e- Yaman’ (1933), JBH Wadia selected her as lead actress for ‘Huntrerwali’ (1935) which was directed by his brother, Homi Wadia. The film became a runway success in terms of box office collection. Eventually, she became the Wadia Movietone’s top most star and India’s top action actress, popularly known as ‘Fearless Nadia’.

JBH Wadia’s interest in Hindustani classical music motivated him to make short films of about 10 minutes on then upcoming vocalists and musicians for their promotions. During 1933-42, he made many such short films covering  Mallika Pukhraj, Kumar Gandharva, Azim Prem Ragi, Ahmed Jaan Thirkawa (Tabla), Sakhawat Hussain Khan (Sarod) among others. These short films were shown along with Wadia Movietone’s main feature films as an added bonus for the audience. The first two mentioned above are availabe for viewing on video sharing platforms.

JBH Wadia was involved with Indian National Congress during 1930-38. Under the influence of Congress, JBH Wadia promoted the theme of freedom struggle, Hindu-Musilim unity, eradication of caste system, emancipation of women, eradication of illiteracy etc, in his stunt and action films. In 1937, he came into contact of MN Roy (1887-1954), a Marxist revolutionary, who had joined the Indian National Congress in 1936 after his disillusionment with communism. After leaving Congress in 1940, MN Roy started an alternative ideology called ‘Radical Humanism’. JBH Wadia was highly influenced by MN Roy’s intellect and the honesty of the convictions about his ideology. Under his influence, JBH Wadia was leaning towards making socially relevant films. Later in his life, MN Roy became his close friend and philosophical guide.

Sometime in 1941, Wadia Movietone decided to produce a big budget film ‘Raj Nartaki’ (The Court Dancer) (1941) in Hindi, Bangla and English which featured Sadhana Bose and Prithviraj Kapoor in the lead role. The film was directed by Madhu Bose. Unfortunately, the film failed in the box office collections. With this, the differences between Wadia brothers as also between JBH Wadia and the financiers arose leading to the dissolution of partnership in Wadia Movietone. Homi Wadia left Wadia Movietone in 1942 to form his own film production company called Basant Pictures and continue to produce stunt and action films.

The financiers of Wadia Movietone wanted it to continue to make stunts films. JBH Wadia was veering toward social genre of films.  The differences led to financiers withdrawing their support to Wadia Movietone. To raise the finance, JBH Wadia had to sell the studio to V Shantaram who had then set up his own film production company, Rajkamal Kala Mandir in 1942. JBH Wadia started producing social genre of films. Some of his such films were ‘Aankh Ki Sharm’ (1943), ‘Vishwas’ (1943), ‘Mela’ (1948), ‘Magroor’ (1950), ‘Madhosh’ (1951), ‘Duniya Jhukti Hai’ (1960), Saaz Aur Sanam’ (1971) etc.

[Note: Some of the events mentioned in the above paragraphs are based on an article ‘Those Were The Days’ written by JBH Wadia and published in ‘50 Years of Indian Talkies (1931-1981)’ by Indian Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, 1981. The article was reproduced in cinemaazi.com].

I find it interesting coincidence to note that one of the reasons for the downfall of Sagar Movietone was its ambitious and a high budget film ‘Kumkum, the Dancer’ (1940) which failed at the box office. Wadia Movietone’s downfall was also due to its high budget film ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) which also failed at the box office. Both the films had a common theme of a dancer played by Sadhana Bose. Both the films was directed by Madhu Bose.

‘Manthan’ (1941) was produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone and was directed by Ramjibhai Arya. The cast included Sardar Mansoor, Radha Rani,  Rajkumari, Dalpat, Boman Shroff, MK Hasan etc. The film belonged to the genre of ‘costume drama’. This film was made at a time when Wadia Movietone was under financial strains due to the money locked in its ambitious high budget film, ‘Raj Nartaki’. Probably, this may be the reason that not  much advertisements of the film during its making as well its release, were noticed.

‘Manthan’ (1941) had 10 songs. All the songs were written by Pandit Faani which were set to music by Baldev Nayak. I am presenting the first song from the film “Jeevan Ki Aashaayen’ to appear on the blog. HFGK mention the name of the singer as Rajkumari. The voice does not sound  that of Rajkumari Dubey. This means that the singer could be Rajkumari Calcuttewaali. I have a seen a photograph of Rajkumari from the film ‘Manthan’ (1941) and she does not look like Rajkumari Dubey. On checking with Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, who has uploaded the song, he has confirmed that the singer is Rajkumari Calcuttewaali.

With this song, ‘Manthan’ (1941) makes a debut on the Blog.

Song – Jeevan Ki Aashaayen (Manthan) (1941) Singer – Rajkumari Calcuttewaali, Lyrics – Pt Faani, MD – Baldev Nayak
Chorus

Lyrics

jeewan ki aashaayen
ae ae
jeewan ki aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen  
jeewan ki aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
 
ek nahi
do chaar nahi
kitani hai koi paar? nahi
kitani hai
kitani hai koi paar? nahi
roz roz hoon
roz roz badh jaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
aashaayen
 
aashaaon se khel rahi hai
aashaaon se khel rahi hai
jeewan sukh se mil rahi hoon
jeewan sukh se mil rahi hoon
jeewan mein aashaayen
jeewan mein aashaayen
jeewan mein aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
jeewan ki aashaayen
aashaayen

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जीवन की आशाएँ
ए ए
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ

एक नहीं
दो चार नहीं
कितनी हैं कोई पार नहीं
कितनी हैं
कितनी हैं कोई पार नहीं
रोज़ रोज़ हाँ
रोज़ रोज़ बढ़ जाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
आशाएँ

आशाओं से खेल रही हूँ
आशाओं से खेल रही हूँ
जीवन सुख से मिल रही हूँ
जीवन सुख से मिल रही हूँ
जीवन में आशाएँ
जीवन में आशाएँ
जीवन में आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
जीवन की आशाएँ
आशाएँ


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4687 Post No. : 16371 Movie Count :

4446

‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) was produced by Mehboob Khan under the banner of National Studios and was jointly directed by Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta. The star cast included Sardar Akhtar, Harish, Husn Bano, Amar, Kanhaiyalal, Sunalini Devi, Sankata Prasad, Budho Advani, Agha, Baby Meena etc.

The director-pair of Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta had also directed ‘Aasra’ (1941) and Lala Ji’ (1941) – both under the banner of National Studios. Those days, under studio system, it was not uncommon to have two directors for films. It is possible that the original directors assigned for the films were unable to continue their assignments due to a variety of reasons. But when the same pair of directors is repeated in more than one film, it can be safely assumed that the pair has jointly directed the film. For example, Bakul Bhatt and Babubhai Mistri jointly directed two films – ‘Muqabala’ (1942) and ‘Mauj’ (1943). V G Damle and Sheikh Fattelal jointly directed 3 films – ‘Gopal Krishna’ (1938), ‘Sant Dnyaneshwar’ (1940) and ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948).

There were a few cases where only one film was jointly directed by the pair of directors but not as a substitute for the original director. For example, Zia Sarhadi and Mahendra Thakore jointly directed ‘Postman/Abhilasha’ (1938), Virendra Desai and Mahendra Thakore did for ‘Sadhana’ (1939) and S U Sanny and M Sadiq for ‘Namaste’ (1943).

On checking the details of some of the films produced under the banners of Sagar Movietone and National Studios, I found that Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta had worked as Assistant/Chief Assistant Director to Mehboob Khan in some films beside also involved in the other areas of film productions since the early years of Sagar Movietone after the advent of sound films These two names are also mentioned in the book, ‘Sagar Movietone’ by Biren Kothari.

Both Chimankant Gandhi and Lalit Mehta were in the inner circle of friends of Mehboob Khan from his Sagar Movietone days. Chimankant Gandhi had started with Mehboob Khan as his Assistant Director from ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936). He continued his association with Mehboob Khan in the same capacity until Mehboob Khan’s last film, ‘Son Of India’ (1962). I have noticed that in the credit titles of the films, the name of Chimankant Gandhi appeared first and that too in bold/capital letters among Mehboob Khan’s 3-4 assistant directors. This shows how important Chimankant was for Mehboob Khan. Lalit Mehta worked as Production Controller and in other capacity with Mehboob Khan during his days in Sagar Movietone and National Studios until he independently directed ‘Amaanat’ (1943) and ‘Azaadi Ki Raah Par’ (1948). I could not trace Lalit Mehta’s filmy career after 1948.

‘Nai Roshni’ (1942), brings another long-term association of Mehboob Khan with Agha Jani Kashmiri, the story, screen-play and dialogues writer. Lucknow-born Agha Jani Kashmiri (1908-1998) had a very interesting journey to his filmy career. At the age of 24, he ran away from his home to Rangoon to become the lead actor in ‘Shaan-E-Subhaan’ (1933) opposite Sultana. After working in a few films at Kolkata, Agha Jani Kashmiri came to Mumbai some time during the second half of 1930s and joined Bombay Talkies. Himanshu Rai, the boss of Bombay Talkies, after knowing his literary background encouraged him to pursue the career in story, screen-play and dialogue writing. He got the first assignment as a screen-play writer for ‘Vachan’ (1938) which was a box office success. He had a small role in Bombay Talkies next film, ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

In 1940, Agha Jani Kashmiri joined Mehboob’s National Studios and wrote story, screen-play and dialogues for ‘Aasra’ (1941) and ‘Nai Roshni’ (1941). With the closure of National Studios in 1942, Mehboob Khan set up his own production house, Mehboob Productions. The first film produced under the new banner was ‘Najma’ (1943) for which Agha Jani wrote story, screen-play and dialogues. The film was a box office success. Thereafter, Mehboob Khan and Agha Jani Kashmiri combination tasted high box office success in ‘Taqdeer’ (1943), ‘Humayun’ (1945), ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946) and ‘Anokhi Ada’ (1948). Agha Jani Kashmiri’s last film with Mehboob Khan was ‘Amar’ (1954).

During his filmy career, Agha Jani Kashmiri wrote story/scree-play/dialogues for over 50 films most of which were box office hits. It was an irony of fate that ‘Tohfa’ (1948), the only film which he produced, directed and wrote story, screen play and dialogues, failed miserably at the box office. But this failure did not dent his stature as a screen-play and dialogue writer. He continued to be active in the film industry until about mid-1970s when he and his wife migrated to Canada to joined his two sons who have settled there. Agha Jani Kashmiri died on March 27, 1998 in Toronto.

‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) was released in Mumbai on November 8, 1941 and a review of the film was published in January 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’. Based on the review, a summarized version of the story is given below:

Bihari (Amar) is a bank manager and Indira (Sardar Akhtar) is his fashionable wife. Mohan (Kanhaiyalal) is a clerk in the same bank whose financial condition is poor. He has a demanding wife in Vijaya (Sunalini Devi). His daughter, Geeta (Husn Bano) is of a marriageable age. Master ji (Sankata Prasad)’s family stay in the neighborhood of Mohan who has a grown-up son, Madan (Harish), a music teacher. Geeta has joined Madan’s music class and both love each other. But the marriage will have to wait until the financial condition of her father, Mohan improves.

Bihari has a reputation of having affairs with girls. One day, when his wife is away, he brings a girl to his house but is caught red handed by his wife. In order to bring her husband to the senses, Indira hatches a plan in which she pretends to have an affair with Madan by joining his music class. Madan is unaware that Indira is the wife of bank manager, Bihari. The ‘affair’ comes to the notice of Bihari and he is determined to end his wife’s affair with Madan. However, when he is made to believe that Madan has been staying in his house with Indira, Bihari hatches a counter plan which results into some hilarious situations. The only way, Bihari can end his wife’s ‘affair’ is to get Madan married to Geeta which he succeeds. At the end, parents of Geeta and Madan are happy and Indira is happy that her husband has realised not to have his extra-marital relationship.

The film had 11 songs, all written by Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri and set to music by Anil Biswas. None of the videos of the songs was available on any video sharing platform. So, I have uploaded a song, ‘wo poochhten hain ae dil tu kiska hai shaidaayi’ which I am presenting here. The song is rendered by Harish and Sardar Akhtar. The audio quality of the song is not up to the mark as the background music sounds as loud as the song rendition. The reviewer of the film had criticised the sound recording of the film.

A feature of this song is that it has a long prelude music (103 seconds).

With this song, ‘Nai Roshni’ (1941) makes its debut on the Blog.

Audio Clip:

Song-Wo poochhte hain ae dil tu kiska hai shaidaayi (Nai Roshni)(1941) Singers-Harish, Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi

chup hoon to jiyoon kaise
boloon to hai ruswaayi
chup hoon to jiyoon kaise
boloon to hai rusawaayi

wo poochhten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhate hain ae dil

kyun aag uthaata hai
tu phool ke dhokhe mein
kyun aag uthaata hai
tu phool ke dhokhe mein

leti hai ?? aankhon ko kinaaraa ??
let hai ?? aankhon ko ??
wo kam hai jo kar guzre
deewaana wo deewaana
wo kam hai jo kar guzre
deewaana wo deewaana

jab zabt karaana thha
phir kyun kiya saudaayi
jab zabt karaana thha
phir kyun kiya saudaayi

wo poochhaten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaayi
wo poochhaten hain ae dil
tu kiska hai shaidaa..yi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4680 Post No. : 16359 Movie Count :

4442

Writing on old films, its people and its music is an unusual hobby. Such people are very few and what they write is read by a limited but a large circle. This group of people are exclusive and generally they are not recognised by the society. Funnily, ” writing on old films” is mainly ( and wrongly) equated with old songs only. people are not aware that there is a world beyond old songs and music as far as old films are concerned.

Whenever I tell people that ‘ I write on old films’, their immediate reaction is to start praising old songs which they know. Depending on the age of the person, the period of ‘ old films’ differs. For an young man of, say 20-25 years old films may mean films which came in the 80’s and 90’s. For people of 30-40 years, films of the 6o’s and 70’s are old films. For people of 45-60 years of age, old films are from the 50’s. Only people in the age bracket of 65 to say 80/85, it is films of the 30’s and 40’s which are old films !

Irrespective of the age group and their definition of old films, people unanimously equate films with songs only. That is why I say films have 2 parts…..
1. Poetry – It consists of the songs, the lyricists, the Music Director, the arrangers, instruments used and its players, how songs are presented, who is the singer etc etc.
2. Prose – It consists of information of the producing studios,producers, directors, actors, film stories, locations, cinematography and all those who help make a film-other than songs and music.

Most Social Media sites and groups centre around film music, songs, singers and related topics. I would guess that about 95 % groups and sites belong to this category. However, the remaining 5% groups and sites, Blogs loyally give importance to people connected with film making. They collect and provide information on the old films, production houses, biographies of artistes, producers, directors, cinema stories,filmographies, interviews with people etc etc. These sites and groups are exclusive and known only to people who are interested in this aspect of films, for whatever reasons.

However, I strongly believe that the 2 parts, i.e. Prose and Poetry of films are incomplete without each other. One may specialise in knowledge of one part, but he can not do without having a sufficient knowledge of the other part too. For example, if I specialise in the Prose part of old films, I also have a sufficient knowledge of the Poetry part of the films. Therefore,instead of specialisation, i would call it a Preference of the particular part. I have also noted that most people who write or do any kind of blogging or ‘siting’ of old Hindi films, do this as a Hobby. In a way, it is ” Love’s Labour” for them.

Another point.As is generally believed,all people connected with this hobby are not the ‘Retired ‘ people. There are enthusiastic bloggers in this field, who are professionals having either a job or a business. Some high profile bureaucrats, some doctors, educationists, professors, senior managers in Government or private enterprises or even directors of companies. They are of course in the age group of 45 and above. Not that there are no young people involved in old films. Just take a round of related pages on Fb, you will find quite young people enjoying old songs and also putting their ‘ knowledgeable’ remarks/comments.

I developed this love of old films quite early, in my early or pre teens, perhaps.As the youngest member of a big joint family, I was assigned the duty of accompanying the elders, whenever they went to see a film – which was quite often. I started liking films (mostly mythological or social films) and their songs. I branched off into seeing action and stunt films with my friends. Language was not a bar. Hyderabad being a multilingual state, I used to see films in Hindi, Marathi, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, English (especially Republic Serials like Captain Marvel etc.)

I developed a habit of jotting down the details of the film seen, in a notebook. This habit lasted with me till about a few years till I reached my final college year in the late 50’s. Once I joined my job and then got married, my notebook writing stopped. I had carefully preserved these notebooks till I started writing articles. But by that time many notebooks had faded, some were torn, some had white ants. I salvaged many and transcribed from the spoiled ones, but some information was lost forever. Still, what remained was enough for me to write hundreds of posts and film synopsis. Good habits always help !

Believing in discipline and organised work, all my more than 1000 articles are neatly stacked in 45 Long books. More than 1100 Bio sketches of cine artistes are in my Laptop. I have 100s of books, purchased and got as gifts from the authors,in Hindi, Marathi and English. I have already written in a diary what is to be done of all these after I leave and also informed the person. The idea is not to waste all this knowledge and that the next generation should have it readymade.

Today’s post has become a different one. Once in a while, some diversion !.

Today’s song from the film Torpedo-41 is a lovely, sweet song by Rajkumari Banareswali. This was a Costume film as per HFGK, but looking at the actors it seems to be a mixture of action and stunt. The cast is Yashwant Dave, Shehzadi, Samson, Meher Sultana and others. The director was N A Mansuri, B.A. He later directed 2 more films, Soorat-47 and Sanwariya-49. I wonder what must he be doing in between ? Music was by Shyam Babu Pathak and Shanti kumar. With this song, film Torpedo makes its Debut on the Blog. Thanks to Shri Abhay Jain(US) for the rare song and Sadanand Kamath ji for uploading it for me.


Song- Chal Saajan chal saajan Ek chhoti si duniya apni basaayen (Torpedo)(1941) Singer- Rajkumari-Banareswali, Lyricist- Kabil, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Ek chhoti si duniya apni basaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Ek chhoti si duniya apni basaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan

is duniya se ae door kahin jaa kar
is duniya se ae door kahin jaa kar
door kahin
door
door kahin
door
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Ek chhoti si duniya apni basaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan

prem ka deepak man mein jalaa kar
prem ka deepak man mein jalaa kar
kaali ghata ka parda hataa kar
kaali ghata ka parda hataa kar
duniya ki nazron o o o se
duniya ki nazron o o o se
ojhal ho jaayen
ojhal ho jaayen aen aen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Ek chhotisi duniya apni basaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan

ham tum hon wahaan
aur na ho koi
ham tum hon wahaan
aur na ho koi
bhor bhaye aji saajan ho
bhor bhaye aji saajan ho
viyog ke baadal kabhi na chhaayen
viyog ke baadal kabhi na chhaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan
Ek chhoti si duniya apni basaayen
Chal Saajan
Chal Saajan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4617 Post No. : 16258 Movie Count :

4418

Today’s song is from a relatively obscure film, though it was said to be successful in those days. The song is from the film Prabhat-1941 – made by Tarun Pictures. It was directed by a true professional V.M. Vyas, who knew his job so well that 60% of his films were successful at the Box office. He took the best stars always and major singers and composers worked for him. His own banner was Sunrise Pictures, established in early 1941 and in the first 6 months itself his first film ‘ Ghar ki Laaj’ was completed. Prabhat was his second film as a director in 1941.

Vishnukumar Maganlal Vyas was born on 4-11-1905 in Ahmedabad. He started his career in 1927 as a Cinematographer. His company, Sunrise films was started in 1941. He produced and directed 30 Hindi and many Gujarati films. He died on 24-1-1962 at Bombay. Vyas was a very hardworking person and a man of ‘ never say die ‘ spirit. He was disciplined and did not tolerate any nonsense. He was also known as a very miser. He being a Vaishnav, his stars would get only vegetarian food during shootings. If they wanted Non Veg food, they had to spend for it.

At the time of film Naukar-43, the pair of Shaukat Hussain and Nur jehan troubled Vyas to no end. Not attending the shoots on time, asking for extra money on some pretext or the other and in general giving trouble and mental torture to Vyas were common. Not only this, additionally Nur jehan and Shaukat used to take interesting property materials from the sets to their house-like furniture, decorative vase, cupboards etc. Vyas kept quiet till the film was complete.

Once the film was completed and released, he registered an F.I.R against both of them for stealing studio equipment. To utter dishonour of Noor jehan, a police raid was made on her residence and all the furniture, tables, decorative pieces etc. , which she had taken from the sets were confiscated and the court fined her also.

Thus Vyas did not keep quiet when it was his turn and taught a lesson to Noor jehan and Shaukat Hussain.

Writer Mohanlal Dave was closely associated with the films of Vyas. In almost all of his films, Dave was the story, dialogue and s/p writer. Born in 1883 in Amreli district, Mohanlal Gopalji Dave studied upto 7th standard and became a Teacher on Rs. 5 p.m. salary. To try better prospects, he came to Bombay, worked in a Hotel as a waiter and then got another job. In 1905, he worked on a steamer going to karachi.

He returned to home, got married and went again to Bombay. In 1911 Maek ji Seth started Imperial and employed him to write advertisements and stories. After some time, he started earning Rs. 700 p.m. In 1917, he joined Dwarkadas Sampat for Rs. 1300 p.m. and wrote several stories for silent films.

When Kohinoor Film Company was started, he was contracted to write 2 stories per month. At the same time, he got from Ardeshir irani’s Imperial 30,000 per year to write stories for silent films.This went on for 6 years. In those days his name used to be shown above the titles of Kohinoor films, as per ‘ Encyclopedia of indian Cinema’.

His stories must have had Magic, because most films written by him became hits and his demand increased. Initially he teamed up with Director naqndlal Jaswantlal. From 1918 to 1933, he wrote more than 150 film stories for Silent films. When Talkie started, he worked for Jayant Desai, Imperial, Nagina, Pushpa and especially Sunrise Pictures of V.M.Vyas. he must have written more than 150 Talkie stories.

He was famous among the older stars and they honoured him too. He always used to wear Dhoti , a long shirt and a Pagdi. From his earnings of 50 years, he bought a huge plot in Santacruz, Bombay and build a very big Bungalow named ” Master Bhawan”. He also opened a Jewellery shop which ran for 20 years. He had 1 son and 2 daughters.

His social work and social service was well known in the field of education and promotion of Sanskrit. Anandilal poddar school of Santacruz, Mumbai is established by hi. He also established many schools, libraries, Temples etc. The speciality of his film stories was that they included Camera Movements, Fade outs etc. Secondly, his most Talkie films were repeats of his silent film stories. He also wrote Gujarati film stories. After retirement , he suffered from Cancer. Operation cured him but a fall gave him fractures. He was hospitalised but died on 20-12-1969.

1941 was the first year in the second decade of the Talkie Era and it was the beginning of the emergence of a New film industry. When Talkie started in 1931, for many years after that, the films were made by the people who had done work in the Silent films. These films had a spill over for the silent era artistes. Once the films started talking,most silent artistes who could not speak Hindi or Urdu automatically disappeared. Thus started the influx of new actors who could speak Hindi and sing songs, in whatever way they could. Intelligent directors like V Shantaram,Bhavnani, Sohrab Modi, Chandulal Shah, Himanshu Rai, B N Sircar, L V Prasad and a host of Gujarati directors understood that the Talkie needs a different treatment than silent films. Music directors from stage dramas tried their hand in composing film music.

In the next 8-9 years, there was a perceptible change in the film making, acting, singing, and composing music in the films that were made. Quality artistes from the silent era continued for some more years – finally giving way to the new artistes. The 30s and the 40s mostly differed in film music and story contents. The new blood composers like Anil Biswas, C Ramchandra, Naushad, Ghulam Haider, K Datta, Hansraj Behl, Bulo C Rani, Gyan Dutt and many more replaced the Parsi, Marathi and Gujarati drama music to more acceptable lilting songs. Many musical films were made and some everlasting songs were composed by these people. At the end of the 40’s decade one more major change in the film industry took place due to Partition. More about it when we discuss a song from 1951 in coming times. Let us see some important films.

JBH Wadfia became Chairman of Film Advisory Board. He produced First Sindhi film ‘ Ekta ‘-1940. His film Court Dancer was also in English.
Asra- Debut of actor director N A Ansari.
Behan- Mehboob directed this film having an incest suggestive story.
Chandan- Debut of S N Tripathi as an MD
Chitralekha- First big success of Kidar Sharma. Mehtab’s bath scene caused a ripple.
Dhandhora- Actor comedian Charlie directed the only film.
Doctor- Pankaj mullick gave excellent songs. First popular song with whoof beats-‘ Chale pawan ki chaal ‘.
Jhoola- One of the most successful films like kangan and bandhan, starring Ashok kunmar and Leela Chitnis.
Kanchan- First composed song of naushad-” Bata do koi”
Khazanchi- A milestone in musical revolution with Punjabi Theka, by Ghulam haider. Debut of Shamshad Begum in Hindi films.
Lagan- Saigal, as usual, gives good songs.
Mala- was remade as ‘ Amar-55’ with music again by Naushad only.
Naya Sansar- Story of Newspaper world. A novelty. Ashok kumar’s famous cigarette smoking in films started from this film, solving his problem of ‘ what to do of the hands during acting’ !
Nirdosh- Mukesh sings his first song.
Padosi- Last film of V Shantaram before leaving Prabhat. A Landmark film. ” Kaisa chhaya hai ujala” popular chorus song.
Pardesi- Debut of actress Anjali Devi (not the southwali) with real name ‘Durgesh’
Radhika- Debut of Nalini jaywant.
Raj Nartaki- Ambitious Wadia film in English , Bangla and Hindi. Released in USA by Columbia Pictures of Hollywood.
Sangam- Amritlal nagar’s first film as a writer. He did 18 films as writer and Lyricist.
Sikandar- A Magnum-Opus from Minerva. Chorus song- ” Zindagi hai pyar se” very popular.
Taj mahal- Debut of Baby Suraiya as actress.
Sasural and Ummeed were 2 films in which Noorjehan senior acted and sang. Hoiwever these films usually included in filmography of Malika E Tarannum Noor jehan.

Today’s song is sung by Vatsala Kumthekar. Her end was very tragic. VATSALA KUMTHEKAR’s family was originally from Goa, but they shifted to Bombay. She was born in 1909. After primary education she started training under Ustad Barkat ali khan-the elder brother of Bade Ghulam Ali khan.

She became an expert in Thumri singing and started mehfil singing when she was just 16-17.She had a terrific voice which would mystify the listeners. She used to sing in various cities all over India. She got offers to act in Marathi and Hindi films.

Her first Hindi film was Prabhat film co. Poona’s WAHAAN-1937. She started acting and singing in films.
Her some of the films were-Banke Sanwariya, Madhu Bansari, Hurricane special, Zambo ka beta, Aaj ki duniya, Anuradha, Jai swadesh,Aurat-40, Holiday in Bombay-41, Prabhat, Sangam, Lalaji,Aabroo, Zabaan, Aashirwad, Ishara, Raahat, Tatar ka chor, Sher e Bengal, Geeta, Naag panchami, Aflatoon Aurat, Deepak, Jai Mahakali and last film was Toofan aur diya.

She was living with Sheth Ibrahim but he left her for another woman. Then he came back to her and she also accepted him till he died. Then she lived alone. Her financial and mental condition became very bad.

When her Sheth died, She became mad, shaved her head and roamed on Bombay streets begging. one day she was found dead on a bridge. She was cremated by BMC as an unclaimed, unidentified person, but someone from the crowds recognised her and her story came to be known.

With this song, film Prabhat-41 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Mangal gaao ree mandap chhaao ree (Prabhat)(1941)Singer- Vatsala Kumthekar, Lyricist- Ehsan Rizvi, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

howe mubaarak
howe salaamat
howe mubaarak
howe salaamat
jug jug jeewe pooton khele
jug jug jeewe pooton khele
raani raaj chalaawe
raani raaj chalaawe
raaja raani
Ram aur Seeta
raaja raani
Ram aur Seeta
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Radhe Kanhaiyya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani

shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
shubh din aaya aanand chhaaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
sukh sampat ka darshan paaya
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
Mangal gaao ri
mandap chhaao ri
usha bani hai bahuraani
usha bani hai bahuraani


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4586 Post No. : 16206

Today 6th February’2021 is the one hundred sixth ‘birth anniversary’ of Kavi Pradeep (06.02.1915-11.12.1998). On this occasion here is a song from the 1941 movie ‘Anjaan’.

‘Anjaan-1941’ was directed by Amey Chakravarti for ‘Bombay Talkies Ltd, Bombay’. It had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V.H. Desai, Girish, Suresh, P.F. Pithawala, Gulab, Faiti Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Sayyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, Baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dikshit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Thelma, Ammini and others.

This movie had ten songs as given below in the order of appearance in HFGK Vol-II (1941-1950).

S.No. Song Title Posted On
01 Kheencho kamaan kheencho 26.01.2021
02 Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
03 Aayi Paschim se ghataa 02.03.2015
04 Saanwariya re saanwariya, chal chal re
05 Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
06 Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya 20.01.2021
07 Mere jeewan ke path par chhaayi ye kaun 14.10.2020
08 Main to tumse bandhi rahoon 11.12.2015
09 Saanwariya re saanwariya, chal chal re
10 Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

The songs in this movie were written by Kavi Pradeep (08 songs including one three-part song) and P.L. Santoshi (02 songs i.e., one two-part song).

Today’s song is a three-part song sung by Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Reva and Devika Rani.

I had come across the songs of this movie in ‘2015’ when I had the songs written by Kavi Pradeep except the song ‘Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya’.

Let us enjoy today’s wonderful song and take this movie closer to ‘Yippeeee’ 😊 i.e., only one step away now.

Female version

Male version

Group version

Song-Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare (Anjaan)(1941) Singer-Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Revashankar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics
———————————
Female solo version-Devika Rani
———————————

Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Janam janam tak sang rahen ham
Janam janam tak sang rahen ham
Kabhi na hon nyaare ae
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

Ek hamaara rajmahal ho
Jamuna kinaare
Jamuna kinaare
Ek hamaara rajmahal ho
Jamuna kinaare
Ham wahaan par rahen yoon
Jaise gagan mein taare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

Ek dor mein bandh gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare
Ek dor mein bandh gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare
Hamko o alag na kar sakenge
Hamko o alag na kar sakenge
Duniya ke ishaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

———————————-
Male version- Ashok Kumar
———————————-

Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Kabhi na ho nyaare ae
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

Ek dor mein bandh gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare ae
Ek dor mein bandh gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare
Hamko o alag na kar sakenge
Hamko o alag na kar sakenge
Duniya ke ae ishaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

———————————–
Group version- Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Revashankat
———————————–

Pyaare pyaare ae
Sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare ae
Sapne hamaare

Pyaare pyaare ae
Sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare ae
Sapne hamaare

Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Kabhi na ho nyaare ae

Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Janam janam tak sang rahe ham
Kabhi na ho nyaare ae

Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

Ek hamaara rajmahal ho
Jamuna kinaare ae
Jamuna kinaare ae
Ek hamaara rajmahal ho
Jamuna kinaare
Ham wahaan par rahen yoon
Jaise gagan mein taare
Ham wahaan par rahen yoon
Jaise gagan mein taare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

Ek dor me bandh gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare
Ek dor me band gaye ab to
Man hamaare
Tan hamaare
Jeewan hamaare
Hamko alag na kar sakenge
Hamko alag na kar sakenge
Duniya ke ae ishaare
Hamko lag na kar sakenge
Duniya ke ishaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare
Pyaare pyaare sapne hamaare

———————————————————-
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————-
Female version- Devika Rani
———————————————————

प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
कभी न हो न्यारे ए
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
एक हमारा राजमहल हो
जमुना किनारे
जमुना किनारे
एक हमारा राजमहल हो
जमुना किनारे
हम वहाँ पर रहें यूं
जैसे गगन में तारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
हमको ओ अलग न कर सकेंगे
हमको ओ अलग न कर सकेंगे
दुनिया के इशारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
—————————-
Male version Ashok Kumar
—————————-
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
कभी न हो न्यारे ए
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
हमको ओ अलग न कर सकेंगे
हमको ओ अलग न कर सकेंगे
दुनिया के इशारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
———————————–
Group version Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Rewashankar
————————————
प्यारे प्यारे ए
सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे ए
सपने हमारे
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
कभी न हो न्यारे ए

प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
जनम जनम तक संग रहे हम
कभी न हो न्यारे ए

प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे

एक हमारा राजमहल हो
जमुना किनारे ए
जमुना किनारे ए
एक हमारा राजमहल हो
जमुना किनारे
हम वहाँ पर रहें यूं
जैसे गगन में तारे
हम वहाँ पर रहें यूं
जैसे गगन में तारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे

एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
एक डोर में बंध गए अब तो
मन हमारे
तन हमारे
जीवन हमारे
हमको अलग न कर सकेंगे
दुनिया के ए इशारे
हमको अलग न कर सकेंगे
दुनिया के इशारे

प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे
प्यारे प्यारे सपने हमारे


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16182

Today is 26th january (2021), which is republic day for India. Arguably, this is the most important day for independent India, more important than even the independence day, in my opinion.

71 years have passed since India was declared a republic on 26 January 1950. During the past 71 years, we have been through lots and lots of changes, upheavels, trials and tribulations, calamities etc. Thankfully today we find ourselves in a better position than what we were at in 1950. In fact, we find ourselves in a much better position vis a vis 1990.

I was born when the first Prime Minister and first President of India were still around. So I have lived through the eras of all the Prime Ministers and Presidents of India that we had !

During all these decades, some good practices have taken root. On the other hand, we still have some bad practices that we need to get rid of.

Instead of talking about what the government should do, here I will largely discuss what we need to do. Since we are a democratic republic, our behaviour decides what the government does, rather than the other way round.

Here are some of my observations.

1. Someone else will do it:- This attitude, which is basically passing the buck, has harmed India a great deal over the decades. Instead of doing the work ourselves, we wait for someone else to do the job. As a result, that job remains pending. Worst still, that creates a long lasting problem for the nation.

2. Chalta hai attitude– We expect others to be perfect, but we ourselves are far too lax in our on dealings. We can find fault in the batting technique of Virat Kohli, but we rarely judge our own performance in our workplace with the same high standards.

3. Putting self interest before national interest– Look at the demands of any unions, be it staff union or officers union. All the ten points of their memorandum would contain demands about betterment of their perks, not a single demand would be about the betterment of the organisation.

4. Very few people, typically 1 % of the people are supposed to bear the burden of the entire population. For instance, only 1 % population of India pays income tax, and that money is then squandered in giving subsidy to “poor” people instead of helping them train to come out of “poverty”.

5. Wealth creation and wealth creators have been demonised in India. Poor people and Poverty get glorified. This state of affairs should change immediately.

6. Many indians suffer from inferiority complex vis a vis western countries. This inferiority complex is misplaced and is a result of systematic brainwashing.

The above are some of the points that one can think of without much effort.

What do I have to suggest to improve matters ?

I will make a one point suggestion, instead of making too many suggestions. My one point suggestion is, we have to overhaul our education system. The present education system churns our zombies, who lack the ability to think for themselves and are easily brainwashed. It serves the purpose of the self seeking politicians but it has harmed the country a great deal in all fields. Our education system encourages rote memory, rather than application of knowledge. No wonder our manpower cannot even do basic works, forget doing cutting edge technical works. Whatever competent manpower we have are not because of our education system but inspite of this education system.

We have framed our constitutution based on the British Constitution. But we have not framed our education system based on British education system. British (namely Lord Macauley) gave us an education system in India. Britain herself has an entirely different kind of education system, one that does not seek to produce semi literate babus, unlike the case in India. As soon as India had our constitution, we needed to have our own education system. It has become too late now. Seven decades too late, but better late than never. we can still try and ensure better education system for the future generations.

Instead of insisting on same degrees for everyone, we need to insist on vocational training based on the aptitude of students, instead of imposing the same kind of education on everyone.

Failing an elephant because it cannot climb a tree, failing a monkey because it cannot fly, comdemning a goat because it cannot uproot a tree, that is how our Macaulean education system judges its students.

India has requirements of qualified people in all fields. What is happening now is that all people take the same education.Those who score higher marks become engineers, doctors. Those who score lower marks become civil servants. Those who score even lower become clerks. People scoring even lower become peons, guards etc. Those who cannot get any jobs become freelancers. Those who are not good enough for any jobs become politicians. And all these people are not trained properly for their jobs ! A clerk is not trained to be a clerk. A security guard is not trained to be a security guard. When a civil contractor hires workers to execute his contract, the workers like say masons, or welders are not properly trained for their jobs. They have mostly learnt their work from other workers. In my proposed education system, a mason or a welder will need to be trained by a recognised welding trainer, a plumber by a recognised plumbing trainer etc. This is because continuous imporovemnt takes place in all fields of activities. Our workers whether in organised sector or unorganised sector are far far behind in their knowledge and mastery about latest advancements in their fields. Even security guards should have training.

The above discussion is largely for workers in manufacturing and services sector. The same is needed for the agriculture sector where Indian productivity is among the lowest in the world. One reason is that majority of farmers are not educated. Farmers too need to be well educated in their area of activity, instead of trying to earn the same meaningless degree as others.

In summary, our education system should ensure the supply of highly skilled manpower in all the fields. Even cleanliness, which is considered a menial work, is a specialised work, and people who are tasked with this work need to be well trained for this work.

As I have mentioned earlier, we need to identify the aptitude of individuals and give them vocational training based on his attitude. This is what happens in advanced nations. They do not encourage mindless enrolment in colleges for taking meaningless degrees.

We need not reinvent the wheel. The kind of education system that I have suggested in already available in advanced nations. I suggest that we adopt the German education system. It is a tried and tested education system and we all are aware of German products and their quality that this education system helps produce.

Any country can have two kinds of resources- one is natural resources (mineral ores etc) and other is human resources. One will notice that a country can develop only when its human resources are developed, even if they lack natural resources. For instance, Japan, Israel, Singapore are three nations that have negligible natural resources but they are highly advanced nations thanks to their sell trained human resource. On the other hand we have examples of countries (for example African countries) that are under developed despite possessing vast mineral resources.

India fortunately is very well blessed by nature. But we have failed to make the most of our nature given resources because we have not made the most of our human resources. If we harness our human resources, we sill not only utilise them produtively, we will also be able to take advantage of what the expetts describe as our potential demographic advantage (vast majority of population of India being in working ager group, unlike most other countries).

Today (26 January 2021) we are celebrating our 71st Republic day. We have quite a few things to feel proud about on this occasion. American and British media had predicted millions of covid 19 deaths in India. India has proved them wrong. It appears that these media were watching their own countries in mirror. As on today USA and Britain continue to reel under COVID 19 epidemic, ith Britain even “pioneering” a more dangerous strain of this virus. Unlike these countries, India is even offering low cost and safer vacceines to many countries of the nation.
See this thank you message by Brazil. Makes every Indian proud.

On this occasion, here is a song from “Anjaan”(1941). “Anjaan”(1941) was directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Bombay Talkies Limited, Bombay. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V H Desai, Girish, Suresh, P F Pithawala, Gulab, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Saiyyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dixit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Bhargavi etc in it.

One will notice that the song is from an era when India was not even independent, forget being a republic. But still this song is an appropriate song for the occasion. This song is penned by Kavi Pradeep who sore patriotism on his sleeves, that too in an era when it was very risky to do so. In this song, sung by Ashok Kumar and others, they exhort the naujaaan of Bharat (viz the human resource of India) to make the most of the opportunity that has presented itself to them. And the song advises them not to miss this opportunity unlike the missed opportunities of the past.

Pannalal Ghosh is the music director.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala many years ago. This happens to be the 500th lyrics contribution by Avinash Scrapwala in the blog. A befitting achievement for him on the occasion of the Indian Republic day, seeing that he too, like Kavi Pradeep, wears his partiotism on his sleeve.

On this occasion, I ish a happy republic day to one and all. Jai Hind.


Song-Kheencho kamaan kheencho (Anjaan)(1941) Singers-Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Revashankar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Aaj nishaana aa chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Aaj nishaana aa aa
Aaj nishaana chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana aa
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana
Jagah jagah toofaan bawandar r
Aankhen mat meenchon o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
O veeron ke santaan
Desh ko teeron se seencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

———————————-
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————-

खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
आज निशाना आ चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
आज निशाना आ आ
आज निशाना चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
वरना फिर होगा पछताना आ
वरना फिर होगा पछताना
जगह जगह तूफ़ान बवंडर र
आँखें मत मीचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
ओ वीरों के संतान
देश को
तीरों से सींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4560 Post No. : 16171

The blog ten year challenge series is in progress in the blog since 2019. The current blog ten year challenge (2011-2021) has not yet picked up steam because very few songs were discussed during the initial days of 2010. That year even had a few DOT days during the first few days of the year.

This day ten year ago (viz 20 january 2010) saw just one song getting discussed, and that one song was from “Anjaan”(1956). This movie cannot be taken up for Blog Ten year challenge today because the movie has already been YIPPEED.

So what to do ? “Anjaan”(1956) may have been YIPPEED in the blog, but “Anjaan”(1941) is not. So let me discuss a song from “Anjaan”(1941) today. 🙂

“Anjaan”(1941) was directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Bombay Talkies Limited, Bombay. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V H Desai, Girish, Suresh, P F Pithawala, Gulab, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Saiyyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dixit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Bhargavi etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Anjaan”(1941) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rajkumari. Kavi Pradeep is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pannalal Ghosh.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knoledgeable readers to thro light on the picturisation of the song.

PS-Our regular visitor Ammj Wijesiriwardene points out that the video of the song is available. From the video, we see that the song is picturised as a stage performance song where one lady, flanked by two others, lip syncs this song and that is performed by their dance accompanied by a dholak player, as this performance is watched by a housefull audience in a haveli. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify the actors seen in the picturisation.

Audio

video

Song-Chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagaariya(Anjaan)(1941) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
ho
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
ho
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya

aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aaj panghat pe pyaaso nka mela
haan aayi peene pilaane ki bela
haan aaj panghat pe pyaason ka mela
dekho laage na mohe najariya
haan dekho laage na mohe najariya
dekho dekho na laage najariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
chhalko chhalko na ras ki gagariya
mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya
haan mori panghat pe bheeje chunariya


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4542 Post No. : 16112

Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu, popularly known as CKP is one of the numerically smallest Marathi speaking communities of Maharashtra. But he cummnity has produced many intellectuals, playwrights, writers and bureaucrats. They are also regarded as an elite and a broad-minded community. But when one of their girls, Saroj Shilotri (Shobhna Samarth after marriage) tried to venture into films, her maternal uncle (who became the guardian after the death of her father) vehemently opposed her entry into films. The reason was, ‘who will marry her’? Those days, even broad-minded communities regarded working in the films as an act of moral turpitude.

Luckily for Shobhna Samarth, before signing her first film in 1935, she got engaged to Kumar Samarth who also belonged to CKP community. He had just returned from Germany after completing a course in cinematography. Later, they married. But her maternal uncle did not forgive her for the act of what he regarded as a sacrilege of family traditions.

About 5 years later, Shobhna Samarth’s maternal uncle again faced a similar situation. This time, it was his daughter, Nalini Jaywant who was inclined to join the film industry after she was picked up by producer Chimanbhai Desai for his film, ‘Radhika’ (1941). After a great deal of persuasion by a common friend of Chimanbhai Desai and Nalini Jaywant’s maternal uncle, the latter reluctantly permitted her to act in the film.

Today, December 24, 2020 is the 10th Remembrance Day of Nalini Jaywant. 10 years ago, she died of a heart attack but it came to the notice 3 days after her death in her bungalow by neighbours, thanks to the continuing howling by her two pet dogs. She was staying alone after the death of her husband, Prabhu Dayal and was leading a life of a recluse with a couple of pet dogs to give her the company. A distant relative of her is said to have took her body on a municipal ambulance and cremated her.

This unfortunate happening shows that Nalini Jaywant’s 25 years of an active and successful filmy career with 63 films did not counted at the end. During her heydays, she used to host a number of filmy parties and get-together in her bungalow. But after the death of her husband, Prabhu Dayal, the same bungalow had witnessed almost a deserted look during her last 20 years. Her first marriage her director, Virendra Desai in 1945 who was already married with children (whom she divorced in 1948) probably the marriage arising out of infatuation. The second with Prabhu Dayal in 1963 were probably the marriage of convenience. Her parents and brothers kept distance from her. Probably, they did not like her indulgence in socially unexpected behaviour after she joined the films.

Nalini Jaywant (18/02/1926 – 24/12/2010) had two distinct phases of her filmy career. The first phase began with her debut film ‘Radhika’ (1941) produced by Chimanbhai Desai and directed by his son, Virendra Desai. Baburao Patel, the editor of ‘Filmindia’ magazine did not review the film by saying that he did not want to waste the costly paper by reviewing the useless film. Her second film to release was Mehboob Khan’s ‘Bahen’ (1941) where she was paired with Sheikh Mukhtar in the role of his younger sister. This was followed by ‘Nirdosh’ (1941) with Mukesh, ‘Aankh Michowli’ (1942) with Satish Batra and ‘Aadab Arz’ (1943) with Karan Diwan. These films did not create much ripples in the box office front but Nalini Jaywant established herself in the Hindi film industry as an accomplished actress.

Sometime in 1945, Nalini Jaywant married Virendra Desai who was already married with children. This was not liked by his father, Chimanbhai Desai who expelled Virendra Desai from the house and removed him from his film production company, Amar Films. Later, both of them signed a 2-year contract with Filmistan – Nalini Jaywant as an actress and Virendra Desai as a director with a monthly salary and a bungalow in Malad to stay. However, both of them did not get any assignment during the period of contract though Filmistan had produced films like ‘Shikaari’ (1946), ‘Aath Din’ (1946), ‘Safar’ (1946), ‘Do Bhai’ (1947), ‘Saajan’ (1947). ‘Shehnaai’ (1947) etc during the period of their contract. The two-year contract was like two-year ‘vanwaas’ for them from films. This gap was long enough for the film industry to forget their existence.

The first thing Nalini Jaywant and Virendra Desai did after the period of contract got over was to re-establish themselves in the film industry. Both of them formed a film production company, Nalini Films. ‘Gunjan’ (1948) was the outcome of it which was directed by Virendra Desai. After the failure of the film at the box office, Nalini Jaywant divorced Virendra Desai in 1948. My assessment of their divorce is that she may have realised that so long as her name is attached with Virendra Desai, she would not get any role in the new films in the making as her husband would insist to be the director of her films. The divorce was also good for Virendra Desai in that he went back to his family.

The first film Nalini Jaywant signed after her divorce was ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) with Dilip Kumar and Nargis. This film gave her a new lease of life in her filmy career. Film critics praised her in the role of a flower girl. But the real-take off in her filmi career came from a hit film. ‘Samaadhi’ (1950) in which she paired with Ashok Kumar for the first time. This was followed by another big success for her in ‘Sangraam’ (1950), once again pairing with Ashok Kumar. The success of Ashok Kumar-Nalini Jaywant combination resulted in both working together in as many as 11 films during 1950-57. Her second film. ‘Shikast’ (1953) was a milestone in that she could stand-up to the acting caliber of Dilip Kumar for which he praised her for her performance.

The box office success of ‘Naastik’ (1954) in which she was paired with Ajit resulted her working with him in 11 films. But after ‘Kaala Paani’ (1958), Nalini Jaywant did not have films to much talk about. From the beginning of the 1960s, film offers started declining. Many new leading actresses had joined the film industry and the age was catching with her.

The box office failure of ‘Amar Rahe Ye Pyaar’ (1961) jointly produced by Radhakrishan and Prabhu Dayal and directed by Prabhu Dayal financially broke both of them. While Radhakrishan committed suicide by jumping from his building, Prabhu Dayal who by this time had married Nalini Jaywant, became an alcohol addict. ‘Bombay Race Course’ (1965) was virtually her last film as a heroine after which she did not work in the films until she was offered character roles in ‘Bandish’ (1980) and ‘Naastik’ (1983).

In an interview published on DNA India on the eve of Dilip Kumar’s 90th birthday, he said among other things that he consistently rated Nalini Jaywant as his formidable co-star. He further said that she was the only actress who could spring surprises in the final takes if he was not alert, thanks to the natural spontaneity she possessed.

In a rare interview of Nalini Jaywant published in the Deccan Herald after her death in 2010, she regretted that she could get the opporrtunity to show her acting prowess only in films like ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948), ‘Samgraam’ (1950), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Raahi’ (1953) and ‘Kaala Paani’ (1958). She said that she was not interested in making a come back in the film when the offer came for a character role in ‘Naastik’ (1983). But she had to accept it after many requests from Pran and Promod Chakravarty.

Pranay Gupte, the first cousin of Nalini Jaywant [Pranay’s mother, Professor (Dr.) Charusheela Gupte and Nalini Jaywant’s mother are sisters] who had visited her bungalow many times in his teen, wrote a tributary article – ‘Alone and Forgotten’ which appeared in ‘The Hindu’- December 29, 2010. In this article, he said “Actor Nalini Jaywant was a relic of a glorious past who lived in an unforgiving present. Listening to her in the autumn of her life made you flinch”. By the way, Pranay Gupte is a veteran international journalist and authors of several books who is based in the U.S.A.

On the occasion of Nalini Jaywant’s 10th Remembrance Day, I have selected one of the songs from her second released film ‘Bahen’ (1941). In this film, there were 12 songs of which 2 songs have been covered in the Blog. The songs picturised on Nalini Jaywant in the film were sung by her.

The song I am presenting is ‘aayi jawaani jiya lehraaye’ which is rendered by and picturised on Nalini Jaywant who was 15 years of age. The song is written by Safdar Aah Sitapuri which is set to music by Anil Biswas. As the song comes to an end, one can see Shaikh Mukhtar weeping because he does not want his sister to go away from him after marriage. A young Kanhaialal, the prospective bridegroom, is also seen at the end of the song.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Aayi jawaani jiya lahraaye (Bahan)(1941) Singer-Nalini Jaiwant, Lyrics-Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics (Based on Video Clip)

jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye

sakhiyaan saheliyaan hoy gayin suhaagin
sakhiyaan saheliyaan hoy gayin suhaagin
hoy hoy mora jiya lalchaaye
hoy hoy mora jiya lalchaaye
pee ke kunwar bin sooni sooni laagoon
pee ke kunwar bin sooni sooni laagoon
sundar gahanwa more man bhaaye
sundar gahanwa more man bhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
piya ghar jaana
sajan ghar jaana
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
naihar ki galiyon mein kachhu na suhaaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye
aayi jawaani
jiya lehraaye


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4520

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