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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1941’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3795 Post No. : 14782

Today’s song is from the film Naya Sansaar-41. This was a film made by Bombay Talkies. It was directed by N.R.Acharya and the music was by Saraswati Devi (4 songs ) and Ramchandra Pal (6 songs ). The lead pair of the film was Ashok Kumar and Renuka devi, along with Mubarak, Shahnawaz, Suresh, David, V.H.Desai and many more.

Bombay Talkies was established By Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani in 1934. Their marriage was a confluence of two rich,cultured,educated and Handsome/ Beautiful souls with common interests. While in England, these two frequently appeared on page 3 of the Tabloids of London. They came back to India and established Bombay Talkies Studios in the far western suburb of Bombay City- Malad. The rich and the famous joined them as shareholders and the studio soon boasted of most modern equipment, and a team of European ( read German ) technicians. Himanshu Rai was keen to have only the educated and capable artistes from respectable families. At the pinnacle period, the company had a roll call of 400 persons. They were offered the best of facilities for work and recreation. A 24 hr. Medical assistance with a Doctor was also made available.

Within two years of its existence, Bombay Talkies got its first jolt, when its Heroine cum owner-Devika Rani, eloped with her handsome Hero- Najmul Hasan. This whole thing was somehow managed, with Devika Rani’s return to Bombay Talkies. In the process, a new Hero- Ashok kumar emerged, from within its own stock. Soon all seemed well and the company rolled out 15 films- mostly successful and its name became synonymous with quality films and popular music.

The second jolt came in 1939, when film Kangan was being made and the Second World War started on 1-9-1939. In addition to restrictions on Raw film supply, the British Government arrested the German Technicians of Bombay Talkies and deported, Franz Osten-Director, Joseph Wirsching-Cinematographer, Carl Von Spratti- Set Designer and Len Hartley- Sound Recordist, to Deolali ( near Nashik) under house arrest. Film Kangan was completed by the second line staff of N.R.Acharya and Najam Naqvi. Soon Himanshu Rai lost his mind, suffered from mental illness and died on 19-5-1940.

After his death, the Directors of Bombay Talkies, namely-F.A.Dinshaw, Chimanlal Setalvad, Sir Chunilal Mehta, Sir Phiroze Sethna, Sir Richard Temple and Cawasji Jahangir met in a huddle and appointed Devika Rani as the Production In charge of the company with all powers. Consequently, this led to dissatisfaction among a group of people led by S.Mukherjee. So, two teams were formed for making films. To the credit of Devika Rani, it must be said that during her reign, Bombay Talkies rolled out the best films ever from the studio,like Bandhan, Jhoola, Kismet, Basant, Jwar Bhata, Milan etc till 1945. Devika Rani left Bombay Talkies in 1945 after her marriage. The other group had already left to form Filmistan. During this disturbed phase of the company, film Naya Sansar was made based on the story, screenplay and Dialogues by K.A.Abbas.

Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was born in Panipat, Haryana, on 7-6-1916. He was born in the home of celebrated Urdu poet, ‘Khwaja Altaf Husain Hali’, a student of Mirza Ghalib. His grandfather Khwaja Gulam Abbas was one of the chief rebels of the 1857 Rebellion movement, and the first martyr of Panipat to be blown from the mouth of a cannon. Abbas’s father Ghulam-Us-Sibtain graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, was a tutor of a prince and a prosperous businessman, who modernised the preparation of Unani medicines. Abbas’s mother, ‘Masroor Khatoon’, was the daughter of Sajjad Husain, an enlightened educationist. Abbas took his early education in ‘Hali Muslim High School’, which was established by his great grand father Hali. He had his early education till 7th in Panipat. He was instructed to read the Arabic text of the Quran and his childhood dreams swung at the compulsive behest of his father. Abbas completed his matriculation at the age of fifteen. He did his B.A. with English literature in 1933 and LL.B. in 1935 from Aligarh Muslim University

Worked on National Call, a New Delhi paper (1933); started Aligarh Opinion when studying law (1934); obtained law degree in 1935; political correspondent and later film critic for nationalist Bombay Chronicle, Bombay (1935- 47) praising Dieterle, Capra and esp. Shantaram. Wrote Indian journalism’s longest- running weekly political column, Last Page (1941-86), in Chronicle and Blitz. Best-known fiction (Zafran Ke Phool situated in Kashmir, Inquilab on communal violence) places him in younger generation of Urdu and Hindi writers with Ali Sardar Jafri and Ismat Chughtai, whose work followed the PWA? and drew sustenance from Nehruite socialism’s pre- Independence, anti-Fascist and anti-communal commitments. Founder member of IPTA’s all- India front (1943), to which he contributed two seminal plays: Yeh Amrit Hai and Zubeida. Entered film as publicist for Bombay Talkies (1936) to whom he sold his first screenplay, Naya Sansar (1941). First film, Dharti Ke Lal, made under IPTA’s banner and drew on Bijon Bhattacharya’s classic play Nabanna (1944), dealing with the Bengal famine of 1943.

Set up production company Naya Sansar (1951), providing India’s most consistent representation of socialist-realist film (cf. Thoppil Bhasi and Utpal Dutt). Best work is in the scripts for his own films and for those of Raj Kapoor (Awara 1951); Shri 420 (1955), 1955, both co-written with V.P. Sathe; Jagte Raho, 1956; Bobby, 1973) and Shantaram’s Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946; adapted from his own book, And One Did Not Come Back), which combined aspects of Soviet cinema (Pudovkin) and of Hollywood (e.g. Capra and Upton Sinclair), influencing a new generation of Hindi cineastes (Kapoor, Chetan Anand) and sparking new realist performance idioms (BALRAJ SAHNI). His Munna, without songs or dances, and Shaher Aur Sapna, cheaply made on location in slums, were described as being influenced by neo-realism. Pardesi is the first Indian-Soviet co-production, co- directed by Vassili M. Pronin. The landmark Supreme Court censorship judgement about his Char Shaher Ek Kahani (aka A Tale of Four Cities) curtailed ‘arbitrary’ governmental pre- censorship powers on the grounds that the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to free speech. His constitutional challenge of the Cinematograph Act led to the famous Supreme Court decision upholding the validity of precensorship of cinema. Interestingly in Interestingly in 1939, K A Abbas had written a letter to Gandhi urging him to reconsider his opinion on the idea of the evil of cinema. He writes
“Today I bring for your scrutiny – and approval -a new toy my generation has learned to play with, the CINEMA! – You include cinema among evils like gambling, sutta, horse racing etc… Now if these statements had come from any other person, it was not necessary to be worried about them… But your case is different. In view of the great position you hold in this country, and I may say in the world, even the slightest expression of your opinion carries much weight with millions of people. And one of the world’s most useful inventions would be allowed to be discarded or what is worse, left alone to be abused by unscrupulous people. You are a great soul, Bapu. In your heart there is no room for prejudice. Give this little toy of ours, the cinema, which is not so useless as it looks, a little of your attention and bless it with a smile of toleration”.

Published many books including I Am Not An Island and Mad Mad World of Indian Films (both 1977). Other important scripts: Neecha Nagar (1946); Mera Naam Joker (1970); Zindagi Zindagi (1972); Henna (1991). Abbas also brought a number of new talents into the film industry, such as Amitabh Bachchan in Saat Hindustani . K.A.Abbas died on 1-6-1987 at Bombay. ( adapted, with thanks, from The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema).

One of the many artistes developed by Bombay Talkies was N.R.Acharya. He was born in Karachi in 1909. He was a Government contractor, when he joined the East India Film Company, Calcutta- one of the first sound film studios in India. He shifted to Bombay and joined Bombay Talkies as Production Manager, when film Achhut Kanya was being made in 1936. When Franz Osten was arrested, while directing film kangan, he completed his work on that film.

He directed his first film Azad-40 and then Bandhan-40, both with Ashok kumar and Leela Chitnis. Then came Naya Sansar-41. When S.Mukherjee, Ashok kumar Wachha and others left Bombay Talkies, he too left, but did not join any group. He started his own company Acharya Arts productions. He produced and directed kishor Sahu’s film Kunwara Baap-42. Then it was Uljhan-42,Aage Kadam-43, parivartan and Shohrat-49, Gujarati film Lagna Mandap-50 and lastly Dhola Maru-56. Amiya Chakravarty and gyan mukherjee were his followers. He died in 1993.

The story of film Naya Sansar-41, as given on wiki, is…

The film was written by Abbas, who was a film critic at that time. He used his journalistic background to create a story about the rising radicalism in Indian society and journalism. The story addressed the conflict between a dynamic young reporter and his cautious, yet idealistic, editor of the fictional progressive newspaper, ‘Sansar’. The story line revolved around the editor, Premchand (Mubarak), who is in love with a beautiful orphan named Asha (Renuka Devi), whom his family has raised from an infant. Soon after Asha starts working for the paper, she falls in love with Sansar’s star reporter and dedicated radical-journalist, Puran (Ashok Kumar). Asha, however, still feels indebted to Premchand’s family.
When Premchand starts to hedge on his radicalism by dealing with the evil Dhaniram, Puran quits, and starts his own newspaper, “Naya Sansar”. Premchand quickly sees the error of his ways, and not only returns to the paper’s previous left-wing stance, but also condones the marriage of Asha and Puran.

One remarkable thing about film Naya Sansar. Ashok Kumar started his career from Jeevan Naiya-36 and acted in 11 films till Naya Sansar-41. He became famous as a Romantic hero. His biggest problem was he did not know what to do about his hands while acting and felt very embarrassed in his films. Due to this he looked bewildered in his films all the time.

In film Naya Sansar-41 he solved this problem. His role was of Puran-a radical journalist. For the first time, he smoked cigarette on the screen and his problem of hands was solved for ever. Thus started his smoking as his trademark in films. Even in private life, he was a heavy smoker.

Today’s song is a chorus song, sung by Arun Kumar and Kavi Pradeep.


Song-Naya zamaana aaya logon naya zamaana aaya (Naya Sansaar)(1941) Singers- Singers-Arun Kumar Mukherji, Kavi Pradeep, Lyricst- Kavi Pradeep, MD- Saraswati Devi
chorus

Lyrics

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
aaz naya sansaar sang mein
nayi kahaani laaya
haan haan
nayi kahaani laaya
ho Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

jag mein jeewan jyot jagaane
aazaadi ka bigul bajaane
aaj naya sansaar nayi dhun
nayi zindagi laaya
haan haan
nayi zindagi laaya

lo Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

halchal charon aor machi hai
chahal pahal ghanghor machi hai
lo duniya bhar ke samaaj ki
palat chuki hai kaaya

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

lo duniya bhar ke samaaj ki
palat chuki hai kaaya

Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya

kadam kadam par naya taraana
kaun sunega geet puraana
kya dharti kya aasmaan
donon par joban chhaaya aa aa
Naya zamaana aaya
kya dharti kya aasmaan
donon par joban chhaaya aa aa
Naya zamaana aaya
Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
aaz naya sansaar sang mein
nayi kahaani laaya
haan haan
nayi kahaani laaya
lo Naya zamaana aaya logon
naya zamaana aaya
naya zamaana aaya

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3770 Post No. : 14745 Movie Count :

4031

With today’s song, I am introducing not only a Debuting film, but also a great stage actor singer of the Marathi Theatre of yore. The film is Charnon ki daasi-1941 and the singer is Master Avinash.

In the early era of the Hindi films, there were many local artistes, as Bombay was the centre of not only Films but also of Industries, which made it a land of opportunities. Initially the 1930’s film music was, as we all know, greatly influenced by Marathi Natya Sangeet, Hindi classical music and Parsee/Gujarati stage songs. There were musical stalwarts like Annasaheb Mainkar, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, Madholal Master, Pransukh Nayak, S.P.Rane, Hari Prasanna Das, Lallubhai Nayak, Brijlal Varma, Nagardas Nayak, Govindrao Tembe, Keshavrao Bhole, Prof. B.R.Deodhar, Dada Chandekar etc etc.

Most of them came to films after working for stage dramas and hence their music was sounding same, whoever was the Music Director. Similarly, singers, who sang on the stage too tried their hand at the film music. However, most such singers failed to impress and their careers did not last long.

Those who are conversant with Marathi Natya Sangeet must be aware of the contributions made by musicians like Deenanath Mangeshkar and Bal Gandharva. The Mangeshkar legacy goes on and on even today. Ganpatrao Laxmanrao Mohite aka Master Avinash was also a tall figure in Natya Sangeet. Master Avinash (1909-2009) was trained in music by Deenanath Mangeshkar and was trained in acting by Chintamanrao Kolhatkar- a great Marathi stage actor.

Avinash was one of those, who were with Balwant Sangeet Mandali, since its inception in 1918. This drama company was established by Master Deenanath Mangeshkar along with Chintamanrao Kolhatkar and Krishnarao Kolhapure. From the beginning, Avinash used to do female roles and his name was taken along with Bal Gandharva, in this respect. Due to his singing skill, he was quite a popular actor on the stage. Several of his Natya Geet records came into market and sold very well.

Master Avinash was simply ” Ganu Mama ” to Mangeshkar family. Though the patriarch of the M-family expired in 1942, Avinash survived almost 70 years (67 to be exact) after him. They were very close, hence a respected person for the M-family. He could, till his end, tell them his experiences with Deenanath and many others of that era. He taught some songs to baby Lata, when she was so small. Surprisingly, till he died in 2009, at the age of 101, his memory and health was very good.

He acted in most dramas written by Acharya Atre (P.K.Atre of Navyug Films and Atre Pictures) as well as all his Marathi films. However, Avinash worked only in one Hindi film-Charnon ki Daasi-41, which was a remake of Marathi film, Paayachi Daasi. By the time he appeared in this film in 1941, his singing and acting style was becoming outdated, for the Hindi audience. New styles of Music and young new actors had entered Hindi films. In any case, he was very successful on Marathi stage, so he did not bother to work in Hindi films.

As per an article on him, in The Times of India of 16-5-2002, he was a good cricketer, a wrestler, actor, singer and Music Director. Daily exercises must have kept him going healthy till the last. He remembered many anecdotes of old times, actors and especially of Deenanath Mangeshkar. He had a good collection of old photos and cuttings to show to the TOI reporter, who took his interview. In most Marathi films, he worked as a Hero opposite Vanmala. In film Charnon ki Daasi also they are the lead pair. Acharya Atre gave him the name Avinash for the stage. His popularity made his name a rage and many new born children were given his name in those years.

Film Charnon ki Daasi was written by P.K.Atre. It was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar and was produced by Atre Pictures. The Music Director was Annasaheb Mainkar ( there were 3 Annasahebs in Hindi film Music. One was Mainkar, second was Datta Korgaonkar and third was C.Ramchandra. All were called Annasaheb) and the lyricist was Pt. Anand Kumar. The cast was Durga Khote, Vanmala, Gajanan Jahagirdar, Master Avinash, Kusum Deshpande, Nazeer Bedi, Ramesh, Sudhir and many others.

It was a typical Marathi reform social consisting of the age old friction of ” Saas-Bahu “. Durga Khote was the evil mother in law, who tortures the educated daughter in law-Vidya (Vanmala), with husband Murari (Avinash) protesting meekly. After the interval and towards the last part, the husband decides to be tough with his mother and the shocked saas surrenders and makes the Bahu head of the affairs. However, true to the middle class philosophy, the good Bahu returns the honour to the Saas and requests her to continue as family head ( minus the torture part, obviously), gives a very big speech and all is well in the end. The spice was added by the widowed Nanad- Champa (Kusum Deshpande). Gajanan Jahagirdar played Anokheram, the village scoundrel flirt, who is duly punished by the bahu, in the end.

In the advertisement of the film, the educational achievements of Vanmala-B.A., B.T. and Gajanan Jahagirdar- B.A. and Kusum Deshpande- B.A. was mentioned boldly and prominently.

Acharya Atre aka Pralhad Keshav Atre ( 13-8-1898 to 13-6-1969) was a Marathi-Hindi director and controversial literary figure in post-WW1 Maharashtra. Educated at the universities of Bombay and London; he studied experimental psychology under Cyril Burt and taught at Harrow before returning to India.

Owner-editor of populist down-market ” Maratha” newspaper; he was one-time Congress Party MLA. Later he became anti congress. He was Author of 22 plays, 13 short-story collections, four books of poetry and a 4-volume autobiography (Atre, 1965-7).

He was Teacher and producer of several school textbooks, often calling himself Principal Atre in his film credits. Aggressive polemicist remembered for famous literary battles with N.S. Phadke and Mama Warerkar.

He owned Chitramandir Studio/Atre Pictures (1940), the Atre Printing Press (1944) and Atre Arts (1968). He started his Film career by adapting his own short stories for Master Vinayak (Brahmachari, 1938; Brandichi Batli, 1939). He became a leading independent scenarist (e.g. Raja Rani, 1942) and pioneered the entry of new literary modes emerging from non-fictional prose into post-Independence Marathi film. His chosen genre was political satire, usually directed against the realist conventions of pre-WW1 social reform novels with their caste biases and Anglophilia.

However, his best-known film as director was the bitter-sweet melodrama Shyamchi Aai. Wrote plays in many genres: thrillers (To Mee Navhech), tragedies (rewriting the reformist Sangeet Natak playwright Ram Ganesh Gadkari and his own Udyacha Sansar) and satire. Noted scripts: Dharmaveer, Premveer, Begunah (all 1937), Ardhangi/ Ghar Ki Rani, Lapandav (both 1940). Preferred to hire directors rather than to direct. Produced and wrote his own movies, often starring actress Vanmala, through his Atre Pics, founded in 1940.

Gajanan Jahgirdar (2-4-1907 to 13-8-1988) the director of this film was the first Director of FTII in 1960. He is probably the only person in India at least, who has written 2 autobiographies-in 1971 and in 1986. He worked in 147 films and directed 17 films. He also wrote some songs in film Sant Tulsidas-1934.

Let us now listen to the first song of Master Avinash here. He makes his Debut and with this song, the film also makes its Debut.


Song-Teri gali mein aaya saudaagar (Charnon Ki Daasi)(1941) Singer-Master Avinash, Lyrics-Pt Anand Kumar, MD-Annasahab Mainkar

Lyrics

teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

teri zulfen rahin hain machal
tae ne keenhe hain naagan ke bal
tere abroo ne talwar taani hai amdaar
naina rahe munh se bol
tere naina rahe munh se bol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

teri bindi pe daali nazar
goya sooraj raha ho nikhar
tere surme ki dhaar
phooti chhaathi ke paar
gayi chitwan kaleje ko chhod
gayi chitwan kaleje ko chhod
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

tere gaalon ke donon ghadhe
tere gaalon ke donon ghadhe
hain khumaari mein lab tak bhare
hain khumaari mein lab tak bhare
tere honthon ki thirkan
gaalon ki ubhran
thhodi ka til hai amol
teri thhodi ka til hai amol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
gori
teri gali mein aaya saudaagar
kar le jawaani ka mol
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol
meri sajni
kar le jawaani ka mol

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————

तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरी ज़ुल्फें रहीं हैं मचल
तैने कीन्हे हैं नागन के बल
तेरे अबरू ने तलवार तानी है अमदार
नैना रह मुंह से बोल
तेरे नैना रह मुंह से बोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरी बिंदी पे डाली नज़र
गोया सूरज रहा हो निखर
तेरे सुरमे की धार
फूटी छाती के पार
गई चितवन कलेजे को छोल
गई चितवन कलेजे को छोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल

तेरे गालों के दोनों घड़े
तेरे गालों के दोनों घड़े
हैं खुमारी में लब तक भरे
हैं खुमारी में लब तक भरे
तेरे होठों की थिरकन
गालों की उभरन
ठोड़ी का तिल है अमोल
तेरी ठोड़ी का तिल है अमोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
गोरी
तेरी गली में आया सौदागर
करले जवानी का मोल
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल
मेरी सजनी
करले जवानी का मोल


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3770 Post No. : 14744 Movie Count :

4030

Kikubhai Desai who was the producer-director of many successful stunt films during 1930s and early 40s, may not be known to most of the present generation movie buff or even immediate preceding generation. However, if it is revealed that he was the father of Manmohan Desai, the producer-director of many block buster films during 1960s through 1980s, some of the movie enthusiastic especially the movie fans of Manmohan Desai, may develop interest in knowing Kikubhai Desai.

I first came to know about Kikubhai Desai in one of the old issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazine about 5 years back as a producer/director of a stunt film( I have forgotten the name of the movie). While covering rare songs from films of 1930s and 40s during 2015, I came across the information that Kikubhai Desai was the father of Subhash and Manmohan Desai ! This revelation generated interest in me to know about him in detail. In my article posted in the Blog about 2 years back, I had made a brief mention about the filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. Thereafter, I lost track and did not pursue the subject further.

Recently, while flipping through the pages of January 1942 issue if ‘Filmindia’ magazine, I came across a small news about the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai on November 26, 1941 when he was giving finishing touches to his comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942). This reminded me of my unfinished work to get Kikubhai Desai’s life profile and his filmy career more vigorously than before.

Kikubhai B. Desai (1902-26/11/1941) was born in Sandalpur (now in Navsari district of Gujarat) in an Anavil Brahmin family. Not much is known about his educational background. In 1925, Kikubhai Desai joined as Manager in Jupiter Film Company which was soon taken over by Nanubhai Desai, (father of actress Bindu), one of the two founders of Sharda Pictures, the other being Bhogilal Dave.

However, Nanubhai Desai retired from the partnership in Sharda Pictures and decided to join hands with Ardeshir Irani to set up Sagar Films (Later renamed as Sagar Movietone). Due to some last minute disagreement, Nanubhai Desai withdrew from Sagar Films before it was set up and started Saroj Pictures (later renamed as Saroj Movietone in 1931). He made Kikubhai to handle the film distribution in Punjab and Bangalore branches for Saroj Pictures.

In 1929, Kikubhai visited Bangalore (Bengaluru) and met Haribhai Desai, the proprietor of Surya Film Company who was also his relative. At that time, Surya Films was making its first silent film ‘Raj Hriday’. Haribhai told him that if he has come to enjoy only the colourful world of film industry, he would be sent back home. If he was prepared to work hard and learn the nuances of the film making, he will put him in production department. So Kikubhai started his work from the production department.

When ‘Raj Hriday’ was completed, Kikubhai Desai was made in charge of publicity department. Although compared to production department, publicity department was not a high profile work at that time. Kikubhai felt that he would miss working among the hero-heroines of the films with lot of activities and fun on the set. However, in the absence of any other work opportunity, he reluctantly accepted the change of work. Kikubhai tried new way of publicity for ‘Raj Hriday’ (1929). He got printed a large quantity of attractive pamphlets of the films and got them dropped from the plane in Mumbai. Such publicity was done for the first time. Kikubhai’s novelty in the publicity of the film impressed Haribhai so much that he made him Manager of his Bombay (Mumbai) distribution office.

In Mumbai, Kikubhai’s novel way of publicity of ‘Raj Hriday’ had a positive impact on the film which became a hit. Producers from other banners started giving him contract for the publicity of their films. He did this work for about 2 years during which time he had earned sufficient income to establish his own film production company, Paramount Films and the Paramount Studio at Andheri East in 1931. The banner produced its first silent film, ‘Fauladi Pahelwan’ (1931). Jayant Desai directed the film with Chandrarao Kadam and Miss Nirmala in the lead. In all, Kikubhai produced 8 silent films during 1931-33.

‘Husn Ka Ghulam’ (1933) was Paramount’s first talkie film made under the banner of Saroj Movietone. Thereafter, he produced on an average 3 films every year. None of the online sources give complete list of the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. Manmohan Desai had once mentioned, among other things, that his father had produced/directed 31 talkies during 1931-41. With this vital information, I set upon preparing the filmography of Kikubhai Desai. It was not an easy task to prepare an exhaustive list of films produced by Kikubhai Desai. Sometime his name was mentioned as K B Desai or K Desai. He had also produced films under the banners of India Liberty Films/ Great India Films in addition to his main banner, Paramount Films. I had to rely on the posters/advertisements of the films for confirmations.

Following is the list of films produced by him some of which he directed:

Sr. No. Name of the film Director Banner
01 Husn Ka Ghulam (1933) J P Advani Paramount/Saroj
02 Baghdad Ka Chor (1934) D N Madhok Paramount
03 Hoor-E-Baghdad (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
04 Chalta Purza (1934) R N Vaidya Paramount
05 Khooni Khanjar (1935) R N Vaidya /Kikubhai Desai Paramount
06 Jaadui Danda (1935) Dwarka Khosla Paramount
07 Tufaani Tamancha (1935) R N Vaidya Paramount
08 Burkhawaali (1936) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
09 Laal Panja (1936) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
10 Farz-E-Ada(1936) A M Khan India Liberty
11 Bansari Baala (1936) A M Khan India Liberty
12 Guru Ghantal (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
13 Kaala Bhoot (1937) A M Khan India Liberty
14 Taranhaar (1937) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
15 Sinhaldweep Ki Sundari (1937) Kikubhai Desai Indis Liberty
16 Alladdin aur Jaadui Chiraag (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
17 Baanke Saanwaria (1938) Nanubhai Vakil India Liberty
18 Madhraat Ka Mehmaan (1938) Kikubhai Desai India Liberty
19 Madhu Bansari (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
20 Sunehri Toli/Golden Gang (1939) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
21 Sansar Naiyya (1939) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
22 Reshmi Saari (1940) G P Pawar Paramount
23 Golibaar (1940) Nanubhai Vakil Paramount
24 Sneh Bandhan (1940) J P Advani Great India
25 Aflatoon Aurat/ Amazon (1940) Kikubhai Desai Paramount
26 Akela (1941) Pessi Karani Great India
27 Mere Raja (1941) T S Mani Paramount
28 Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen (1941) Balwant Bhatt Paramount
29 Sheikh Chilli (1942) Kikubhai Desai Paramount

This list has been vetted by Harish Raghuvanshi ji, the Film Historian who added 4 films to this list making it 29 out of 31 mentioned by Manmohan Desai. The remaining 2 films may be the ones which were under production at the time of Kikubhai Desai’s death in 26/11/1941. Incidentally, for ‘Dashavatar’ (1951) produced under the banner of J K Films and directed by Jayant Desai, the name of Kikubhai Desai has been mentioned as producer. This may be one of the two unfinished films of Kikubhai Desai which may have been taken over by J K Films with new cast and crew.

From the titles of the films listed above, it is clear that Kikubhai Desai specialised in producing mainly stunt films. He seems to have shifted to producing romantic/social films like ‘Sneh Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Akela’ (1941) and a comedy film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942).

I have noted from the star cast of the films produced under the banners of Paramount Films, India Liberty Films and Great India Films that Gohar Karnataki, Miss Pokhraj, Miss Moti, Shiraz, Gulab, Shankar Vazare, Navinchandra, Dalpat, Sardar Mansoor etc were the main actors. Damodar Sharma was the music director for as many as 23 films out of 29 films listed above.

As mentioned earlier, during the final touches to the film ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was produced and directed by Kikubhai Desai, he collapsed and died of rupture in appendix on November 26, 1941 at the age of 39.

The sudden death of Kikubhai Desai created a void in his film production companies, Paramount Films and India Liberty Films/Great India Films. At the time of his death, besides ‘Sheikh Chilli’ (1942) which was at the editing stage, two more films were under initial stages of productions. All the works came to a standstill. His two sons, Subhash Desai and Manmohan Desai and a daughter were minors. With heavy liabilities and debts, Kikubhai’s wife decided to sell their big bungalow in Varsova with a fleet of cars and other assets of the film production companies except the Paramount Studio at Andheri (now Filmalaya Studio). She leased the Paramount Studio to Shiraz Ali Hakim on a monthly rental of Rs.500/- for the sustenance of the family. After selling the bungalow, the entire family shifted to Khetwadi in South Mumbai.

‘Circus Ki Sundari’ aka ‘Circus Queen’ (1941) was released on November 28, 1941 (2 days after the sudden death of Kikubhai Desai, the producer of the film) in Mumbai at Super Talkies. The film was directed by Balwant Bhatt. The star cast included Miss Moti, Jal Merchant, Gulab, S L Puri, Bose, Dhulia, A. Karim, Agha, Rekha etc.

The film was shot inside a real circus with its complete paraphernalia of artists and the wild animals. Probably, it was for the first time in India that a film was shot in the actual lions and tigers cages of a circus. Miss Moti must be a courageous girl do the shooting in the midst of lions and tigers. The story of the film runs more or less on the same lines which has been used in many stunt films of that time.

There is a weak King (S L Puri) who has a popular younger brother-prince named Pratap (Jal Merchant). There is a good prime minister and a wicked woman called Shyama Devi (Gulab) who lives with the King. Lastly, there is a gang of ruffians to complete the ingredients for a stunt film.

A circus is camped in the King’s capital in which an artist named Sundari (Miss Moti) acts with wild animals including lions and tigers. King is impressed with Sundari and wants her to be his mistress. He assigns this task to his henchmen. It so happens that Prince Pratap, King’s brother accidentally meets Sundari and they fall in love.

Now comes a third angle in the guise of Shyamla Devi who though lives with the King but likes to flirt with Prince Pratap. She hatches a plot to overthrow the King but on each occasion, the wise prime minister frustrates her efforts. So it is a three-way war for the supremacy – the King and his henchmen for bringing Sundari for him, Prince Pratap and Sundari to turn their love into a marriage and Shymala Devi and her ruffians to overthrow the King. All the three groups work simultaneously to achieve their respective goals. The end result is that Shyamla Devi dies in a large pot of burning oil. prince Pratap gets Sundari with the blessings of the King. The prime minister becomes victorious. [Paraphrased from the review of the film published in January 1942 issue of ‘Film India’ magazine].

The film had 10 songs which were written by P L Santoshi and A Karim. But the division of the songs between the two lyricists is not known. All the songs were set to music by Khan Mastana.

I present the first among 10 songs ‘le chal ri saagar par naiyya’ from the film ‘Circus Ki Sundari’ (1941). The song is sung by actor-singer Miss Moti.

With this song, ‘Circus Ki Sundari/Circus Queen’ (1941) makes a debut in the Blog.

Acknowledgements:
———————–
1. I am grateful to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for providing me with the material on the early life and filmy career of Kikubhai Desai. He also sent me the scanned copies of the 3 pages from the Gujarati book ‘Sapna Na Saudagar’ written by Vitthal Pandya. He also helped me in updating the list of talky films produced/directed by Kikubhai Desai.

2. ‘Manmohan Desai’s Enchantment of the Mind’ by Connie Haham. Some pages were available online through Google Books in which Manmohan Desai talked about his father and their early days in Khetwadi (South Mumbai).

3. ‘The Advent of Sound in Indian Cinema’ by Virchand Dharamsey – published in the ‘Journal of the Moving Image’ as a research article (Pages 22 to 49).

Audio Clip:

Song-Le chal ri saagar paar (Circus Queen)(1941) Singer-Miss Moti, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
saagar paar sunhari duniya
saagar paar sunhari duniya
rehti sada bahaar
roop jawaani raaja raani
roop jawaani raaja raani
mil gaayen malhaar
mil gaayen malhaar
naiyya
le chal re saagar paar

chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
chalna haule haule
naiyya
chalna haule haule
beech bhanwar na dole
sang na khewanhaar
sang na khewanhaar
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyya
le chal ri saagar paar
naiyaa
le chal ri saagar paar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3747 Post No. : 14710

“Sangam”(1941) was directed by Junnarkar for Navyug Chitrapat Limited, Poona. The movie had Meenakshi, Vatsala Kumthekar, Sundarabai, Malti gupte, Baby Devi, Salvi, Damuanna Malwankar, Jog, Nandu khote, Vinayak etc in it.

This movie had 14 songs in it. Two song from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Sangam”(1941) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Sundarabai. Amritlal Nagaris the lyricist of this song. Music is composed by Dada Chandekar.

Seeing that Sundarabai acted in the movie as well, one can guess that this song was picturised on herself.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections in the lyrics as applicable.


Song-Laaj mori raakho ho gareeb niwaaz (Sangam)(1941) Singer-Sundarbai, Lyrics-Amritlal Nagar, MD-Dada Chandekar

Lyrics

laaj mori raakho ho gareeb nivaaz
laaj mori raakho ho gareeb nivaaz
laaj mori raakho ho gareeb nivaaz
dhan balheen
kahat moko more dhan mahaaraj
dhan balheen
kahat moko more dhan mahaaraj
laaj mori raakho ho gareeb nivaaz

deen dukhi main darid ?? ki ?? prabhu tum taaranhaar
deen dukhi main darid ?? ki ?? prabhu tum taaranhaar
sharan taran main naath ubaaro
sharan taran main naath ubaaro
padi vipad phir aaj

man mandir tan kalash chadhhaayo
man mandir tan kalash chadhhaayo
prem bhuja(?) pahiraayo
prem bhuja(?) pahiraayo
do gajvan ko aaj sajaayo
do gajvan ko ?aaj sajaayo
?? hey raghuraaj
?? hey
sir taaj(?)
sir taaj(?)
laaj mori raakho ho gareeb nivaaz


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3745 Post No. : 14703

“Sangam”(1941) was directed by Junnarkar for Navyug Chitrapat Limited, Poona. The movie had Meenakshi, Vatsala Kumthekar, Sundarabai, Malti gupte, Baby Devi, Salvi, Damuanna Malwankar, Jog, Nandu khote, Vinayak etc in it.

This forgotten movie had 14 songs in it. One song from the movie is covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Sangam”(1941) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Sundarabai. Amritlal Nagar, a famous and prominent Hindi writer is the lyricist of this song. Music is composed by Dada Chandekar.

Seeing that Sundarabai acted in the movie as well, one can guess that this song was picturised on herself.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the details of this rare movie.


Song-Sakhi shyaam na aaye nahin aaye(Sangam)(1941) Singer-Sundarbai, Lyrics-Amritlal Nagar, MD-Dada Chandekar

Lyrics

sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa
sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa
sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
dharke mori chhatiyaa

dhoodhnat hari van van raadha
jaaye chhipe kit kaanha aa aa
dhoodhnat haari van van raadha
jaye chhipe kit kaanha
haan
paany padoon ab aao mohan
saawan ban gayi ankhiyaan
haan aan
sawan ban gayi aankhiyaan
sakhi shyaam na aaye
nahin aaye
ghar khelne chhatiyaa
sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa

jal bin meen bhajan bin meera
jal bin meen bhajan bin meera
tarpat praan gaanwaye
aao madhav main balihaari
aao madhav main nalihaari
aao madhav
aao madhav
aao madhav
main nalihaari
chain padat din raatiyaan
sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa
sakhi shyam na aaye
nahin aaye
dharke mori chhatiyaa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3744 Post No. : 14702

“Akela” (1941) was produced by Kikubhai Desai and directed by Pesi Karani for Great India Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Mazhar Khan, Bibbo, E Billimoria, Miss Moti, Pratima Devi, Bose, Mohammed Hadi etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Akela” (1941) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Bibbo. P L Santoshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khan Mastana.

Only the audio of the song is available. Seeing that Bibbo, the leading actor-Singer of those days is in the cast, it is clear that the song was picturised on herself.


Song-Lagti hai chot jigar mein (Akela)(1941) Singer-Bibbo, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Khan Mastana

Lyrics

lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay
haay haay mein chhupi kahaani
samjhi na koi baat
haay haay mein chhupi kahaani
samjhi na koi baat
lagti hai jab chot jigar mein
nikla karti haay

samjhe usko ek baar jo
chot kisi ki khaay
samjhe usko ek baar jo
chot kisi ki khaay
din din baras baras se beete
din din baras baras se beete
kachhu na aur suhaaye
kachhu na aur suhaaye
naina rahat hain daras ke pyaase
naina rahat hain daras ke pyaase
kab aayen
kab aayen
kab aayen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3737 Post No. : 14687 Movie Count :

4014

Today’s song is from a saint film, ‘Sant Sakhu’ (1941).

Out of the many saints that came from Maharashtra, like Tukaram, Ramdas, Gyaneshwar etc, Sakhu was probably the only female saint on whom a bilingual film – Hindi and Marathi – was made. Unlike other saints, Sakhu possibly was not a historical figure because no mention about her is found anywhere in any document. Nevertheless, she was extremely popular amongst the rural folks of not only Maharashtra but also was a popular name in Karnataka, Andhra, Tamilnadu and Orissa. In the pre independence era, Sakhu or Sakhubai was quite a common name in these areas. I remember that we had a maid servant named Sakhubai in our Hyderabad home. She was a Telugu woman, did not know Marathi, but knew who Sakhu was !

The film was made by Prabhat Films, which was known to make mythological, religious and social films. It started its talkie era with ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ – a bilingual in Hindi and Marathi, in the year 1932. This is the oldest Indian talkie film available today, based on the story of King Harishchandra and Taramati. As the time went by, Prabhat became famous for its meaningful films. Apart from V. Shantaram, other partners of Prabhat, like Keshavrao Dhaiber, Damle and Fattelal and even the assistant of Shantaram, K. Narayan Kale had directed few films. However only the films directed by Shantaram became hits and were popular, with the exception of Sant Tukaram  (1936) a Marathi film.

While forming the company, the partners had chosen their fields of activity, like Damle was expert in sound recording and engineering, Fattelal was very good in art direction, set making etc. and Dhaiber was good at cinematography. Direction was unanimously allotted to V Shantaram. In the following years when only Shantaram’s name became famous, there was envy among the other partners. Shantaram too sensed it and tried to prove that he was a team man and helped others whenever required in their directorial efforts. But the seed of envy soon became a big tree and things were made difficult for Shantaram.

Another point known only to very few and which was never elaborated by Shantaram himself, was also at work. In the early years of Prabhat Films, one of the partners – S Fattelal married the company’s heroine Gulab Bai aka Kamlabai (she was the girl who blows the tutari in Prabhat’s logo). Disturbed by this event and fearing public ire, the company made a rule that hereafter no partner of the company should get involved in any actress or employee of the company and if it does happen, he should leave the company forthwith. This rule was used when in 1937, one of the partners, Keshavrao Dhaiber married Nalini Tarkhud, heroine of film ‘Rajput Ramani’ (1936), which he had directed. Consequently, Dhaiber left Prabhat and started his own company, Jaishree Films.

During the making of film ‘Padosi’ (1941) (‘Shejari’ in Marathi), V. Shantaram fell in love with the heroine of the Marathi version, Jaishree (Kamulkar) and married her on 26-10-1941. (He already had one wife, Vimlabai and 4 children). The envious partners got this solid point against Shantaram. The pressure increased on him to quit. Finally, Shantaram left Prabhat films (for mixed reasons) on 13-4-1941. He even left Poona and took up a job in Government’s Film Division, before establishing his own Rajkamal Kalamandir.

During all these happenings, film ‘Sant Sakhu’ was released at Central Talkies on 27-9-1941. Baburao Patel, in his Film India October ‘41 issue gave a mild review of the film. He, however, made a remark in his inimitable style-’the film is suitable for the old, women and children’. The film was directed by the duo of S Fattelal and VG Damle. This pair had directed a silent film also, ‘Maharathi Karna’ in 1928. After that they were busy with their own specialty jobs. Subsequently, the pair was virtually pushed to direct film ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1936) in Marathi, by none other than Shantaram himself. This was his attempt to bring peace and harmony among the partners of Prabhat. He genuinely helped the duo and the reluctant pair flew on the seventh heaven, when ‘Sant Tukaram’ became one of the international hit films !!!

The music to film ‘Sant Sakhu’ was by the resident musician Keshavrao Bhole and the cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Shankar Kulkarni, Gauri, Shanta Mujumdar, Master Chhotu and many others. Lyrics were by PL Santoshi and Pt Mukhram Sharma. During the making of film Sant Sakhu, Mukhram Sharma and actress Shanta Mujumdar fell in love and got married also.

One name in the cast is that of Gauri. Her real name was Tanibai Dawari. She was with Prabhat since its inception and did small roles in silent films. She was totally illiterate and could not read or write. After the advent of the talkie films, she continued doing small roles in Prabhat films. When film ‘Sant Tukaram’ was being conceived, Shantaram started searching for an actress to do the role of Tukaram’s wife – Avali, who loved Tukaram but was sort of a shrew because she felt Vithoba Bhakti was spoiling Tukaram.

One day, Shantaram saw Gauri and he called her. Giving a copy of the script to her, he said, “You are selected to do the role of Avali. Now read the dialogues and be prepared”. Gauri was stunned. She did not know how to react. She could not read. She was sure that now she will be exposed and removed from service, as Prabhat did not employ illiterate people. She took the script and went out of the room. Music Director Keshavrao Bhole found her in a corner weeping. When he enquired repeatedly, Gauri explained everything. Bhole pacified her and said, “Dont worry”. From that day onwards he taught Gauri reading and writing for 8 hours a day for 15 days. Being a sharp student Gauri picked it up very quickly, as it was a do or die situation.

Her role in film Sant Tukaram was lauded by one and all. It was praised even in the Venice film festival. Prabhat gave her a special award also. Gauri continued with Prabhat till it was making films. Then she retired from films and settled in Poona, doing some household jobs for survival. Unfortunately the Panshet flood disaster in Poona in 1961, washed out everything she had. She returned to her hometown, Kagal, near Kolhapur. In 1964, a film on Tukaram “Tuka Zalase Kalas” in Marathi was launched. Sulochana Latkar was to do the role of Tukaram’s wife, Avali. She wanted to take blessings from Gauri – the original Avali. Sulochana went to Kagal and took her blessings. She gave her a saree and some money too. Soon after this, Gauri aka Tanibai Dawari passed away.

Here is the story of film ‘Sant Sakhu’

Sakhu Bai (Hansa Wadkar), an ardent devotee of Vithal, lives with her husband (Shankar Kulkarni) and a cruel mother-in-law – Mhalsa Kaku (Gauri). The mother thinks that her daughter-in-law will spoil her only son and then he will start neglecting his mother. Her husband also does not say anything to his mother because he thinks that since he is her only son, people will disrespect him and his wife if he takes his wife’s side. So Sakhu has to bear all the ill-treatment silently. She worships Vitthala with all her heart and forgets her daily sufferings.

One day, her husband’s sister, Kalawati (Shanta Mujumdar) returns from her home with her daughter. She tells her mother how she was beaten by her mother-in-law and her husband and how they threw her out of the house. Her mother tells her to live in her home with his brother. She also starts troubling Sakhu, because she envies how his brother loves her. One day, Sakhu’s husband falls ill and Sakhu defies her mother-in-law’s order and comforts her husband rather than doing her prescribed work. Sakhu’s mother-in-law tells her son that he has to choose between his mother and her; he chooses his mother and throws Sakhu out of the house.

A sad Sakhu sees a group of Vitthala devotees doing naam-kirtan (chanting of the Lord’s name). She joins the group and starts doing naam-kirtan. Her husband’s sister finds her and tells her mother about that. The mother-in-law arrives and drags her to her home and ties her to a pole. Sakhu starts crying and worships Vitthala and after some time, things take a different turn. God Vithal appears there and releases her, taking her place as Sakhu. Now Sakhu is free to go to Pandharpur for the darshan of Vithal, along with the Varkaris. The movie ends with two Sakhus coming face to face. People get dumbfounded by seeing two Sakhus and start thinking that she is a ghost. The movie ends by clearing everyone’s doubts.

Let us now listen to this duet by Vinodini Dikshit and Vasant Desai (who was Keshavrao Bhole’s assistant in this film). With this song, the film ‘Sant Sakhu’ makes a debut on the blog.

(Credits – Book of Isak Mujawar, Book by Bhai Bhagat, Wikipedia, HFGK, Prabhat’s website and my notes.)


Song – Roop Ye Anoop Dekh Ke Nayan (Sant Sakhu) (1941) Singers – Vasant Desai, Vinodini Dixit, Lyrics – PL Santoshi, Music – Keshav Rao Bhole
Vasant Desai + Vinodini Dixit

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ke roop mein
samaa gaye
roop ke roop mein
samaa gaye
roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ye anoop

chhaaya tera rang
mere ang ang
chhaaya tera rang
mere ang ang
mann mein bhi
chhaaya paandurang
mann mein bhi
chhaaya paandurang
roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ye anoop
roop ye anoop
roop ye anoop
roop ye anoop

dekhe bina mohey
chain nahin aaye
dekhe bina mohey
dekhe bina mohey
chain nahin aaye
manaaye na maane
mora mann
manaaye na maane
mora mann

roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ke roop mein
samaa gaye

roop ye anoop
dekh ke nayan
roop ye anoop

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप के रूप में
समा गए
रूप के रूप में
समा गए
रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप ये अनूप

छाया तेरा रंग
मेरे अंग अंग
छाया तेरा रंग
मेरे अंग अंग
मन में भी
छाया पांडुरंग
मन में भी
छाया पांडुरंग
रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप ये अनूप
रूप ये अनूप
रूप ये अनूप
रूप ये अनूप

देखे बिना मोहे
चैन नहीं आए
देखे बिना मोहे
देखे बिना मोहे
चैन नहीं आए
मनाए ना माने
मोरा मन
मनाए ना माने
मोरा मन

रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप के रूप में
समा गए

रूप ये अनूप
देख के नयन
रूप ये अनूप


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3688 Post No. : 14595

In the sphere of Parsi Theatres, there were many artists who had contributed in the growth of Indian theatres. But there were few personalities and artists associated with Parsi Theatres whose contributions led to its strong foundation. Some theatre scholars whose specialisation is in South Asian theatres, regard Agha Hashr Kashmiri (Writer-Director), Pandit Narayan Prasad ‘Betab’ (Writer-Director), Radheshyam Katha Vachak (Writer-Director), Master Fida Hussain (Actor-Singer) and Jaishankar Bhojak, popularly known as Jaishankar Sundari (Actor-Singer) as the pioneers in developing the Parsi Theatres.

I have already covered in our blog, the life sketches of Pandit Narayan Prasad ‘Betaab’ in the post, “Abroo Ki Kamaanon Mein”, of Agha Hashr Kashmiri in “Yaad Mein Teri Jahaan Ko Bhoolta Jaata Hoon Main”  and Pandit Radhe Shyam Katha Vachak in “Ye Suna Hai Maine Jaadu Hai”.  In this article, I am presenting a brief biography of the fourth artist, Master Fida Hussain, the actor-singer.

Before I embark upon covering Fida Hussain’s biography, I wish to share with the readers that his biography was an oral history of his association of 50 years with Parsi Theatres as told to Pratibha Agrawal, a theatre scholar and connected with the Natya Shodh Sansthan, Calcutta (Kolkata). The oral history she collected from Fida Hussain during their sitting of 15 days was published verbatim in Hindi in 1986 with comments from her. There is no sequencing of the events spread over 50 years of his theatre days.

The English translation of his biography ‘Parsi Theatre Main 50 Varsh’ (1986) was published as one of the chapters in a book ‘Stages of Life’ (2011) by Kathryn Hansen, a leading scholar of South Asian theatre history. What I have done is more like an abstract writing of the biography sourced from this book with my comments wherever necessary. There are many interesting trivia and anecdotes revealed by Fida Hussain during his oral submission which I have avoided in my write-up to make the presentation of the biography as short as possible.

Fida Hussain (11/03/1899 -1999) was born in Muradabad (UP) in an conservative family.  Right from childhood, Fida Hussain was fond of singing. It is quite likely that he got interested in singing because of the travelling theatres and nautanki groups that visited his town. Fida Hussain’s father and uncle did not like his interest in singing.  Almost every day, the young Fida Hussain used to get beatings from his uncle for singing, though his father despite the dislike for the singing and music, spared him from beating.

But the more beatings he got, his fondness for singing increased. He also started watching the free shows of nautanki (folk theatre) which culminated into his love for the acting as well. This enraged his married elder brother who instigated his wife to do something to affect his voice. One day, she served him paan with vermilion powder which resulted in loss of his voice for nearly six months. After getting his voice back thanks to a visiting Sadhu who gave him some prescriptions, Fida Hussain started attending nautanki shows with a greater vigour than before.

In 1917, Fida Hussain joined a local drama club and got training for six months before being given a female role in the drama ‘Shahi Faqeer’. In this way, the path toward theatre opened for him. Soon, with the recommendation of his local drama club’s President, he went on to join the New Alfred Theatrical Company which was touring around Delhi for staging ‘Veer Abhimanyu’. In January 1918, Fida Hussain ran away from his home in Muradabad for Delhi leaving his newly married wife at home.

The New Alfred company never employed female actors. Hence the female roles were performed by the male actors like Master Nissar. Fida Hussain also got mostly the female roles in New Alfred.

Once when New Alfred was staging a show in Meerut, one of the boys from his neighbourhood recognised Fida Hussain and promptly reported the matter to his father. His father-in-law promptly lodged a complaint with police and an arrest warrant was issued. This entire episode is too big to cover here. The conclusion of this episode was Fida Hussain got a reprieve from his father, who allowed him reluctantly to continue with his passion after getting assurances from him that he would never indulge in intoxication (of any form), gambling, always keep high morality and keep in touch with his family by visiting his home town.

With his domestic issues getting resolved amicably, Fida Hussain could now concentrate fully on theatres. His association with New Alfred continued until it closed down in 1930. His most popular dramas under New Alfred were ‘Parivartan’ (1922), ‘Veer Abhimanyu (c 1923), ‘Parambhakt Prahlad’ (c 1923), ‘Shri Krishna Avatar’ (1924-25), ‘Ishwar Bhakti’ (1928), ‘Laila Majnu’ (1930). Except for ‘Laila Majnu’, Fida Hussain played the female roles in all these plays.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Fida Hussain got associated with many theatre companies all over north, east and west India, the prominent being Alfred, Madan (pronounced as Maadon), Sahajahan, Narsi, Mohan  and finally taking up the reins of Moonlight Theatre owned by Marwadi brothers in Calcutta (now Kolkata). During this period, Fida Hussain worked in ‘Nal Damyanti’, ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’, Khoobsoorat Balaa’, ‘Seeta Banvas’, ‘Chalta Purza’, ‘Bhakta Narsi Mehta’, ‘Bharat Milap’, ‘ Krishna Leela’ and many more.

In 1939, he donned the title role of Narsi Mehta in the play ‘Bhakt Narsi Mehta’. The play became a hugely popular hit and it played for over 1000 nights. Because of this, Fida Hussain was honoured with the title ‘Narsi’ which he proudly used as suffix to his name as  Fida Hussain ‘Narsi’.

With the advent of talkies, Fida Hussain, like many other artists from theatres, was associated with a few Hindi films during 1934-46 as an actor-singer. The first film he worked was ‘Ramayan’ (1934) followed by ‘Insaf Ki Tope’ (1934), ‘Kunwaari Ya Vidhwa’ (1935), ‘Diljaani’ (1935), ‘Dil Ki Pyaas’ (1935), ‘Daku Ka Ladka’ (1935), ‘Balidaan’ (1935), ‘Khudaai Kitmadgaar’ (1937), ‘Matwali Meera’ (1940), ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941), ‘Arabian Nights’ (1946) and ‘Toote Sapne’ (1946, Unreleased).

Except for ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) which was produced in Bombay (Mumbai), rest of films in which Fida Hussain worked were produced in Calcutta (Kolkata) where he was associated with Moonlight Theatres. I find that barring one or two films, he had small roles in rest of his films. It is quite possible that due to his immense popularity on stage as an actor-singer, the producers of the films may have taken him in their films to attract his large fans to watch the films. My guess is that Fida Hussain did not have much interest for working in films as his heart was with the theatre.

Fida Hussain continued his association with Moonlight Theatres, Calcutta (Kolkata) where he was the boss. The owners (4 Marwadi brothers) did not interfere in any aspects of the Moonlight Theatre so long as they earned profit from this venture. I am surprised as to how Fida Hussain could successfully compete with Hindi films and ran the Moonlight Theatres profitably in the 1950s and 60s. In 1968 when Fida Hussain completed 50 years in Parsi Theatre, he decided to retire from the theatre activities and spend rest of his life with his extended family in Muradabad. With his retirement, the Moonlight Theatre was closed and with this the glorious years of Parsi Theatre came to an end.

However, Fida Hussain remained busy during most of his post-retirement years. Being the only living legend of Parsi theatres, his knowledge about the old theatrical styles were utilised for those interested in theatre. He became a regular visiting faculty for the National School of Drama, New Delhi until 90s. He also conducted workshops for students who were pursuing their interest in the theatre. He was often one of the invitees on symposium and seminars on Indian theatres. In 1985, Fida Hussain received the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in recognition of his contributions to Indian theatres. In 1978,  he had received the Uttar Pradesh Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for acting.  Fida Hussain passed away in the year 1999.

Fida Hussain may be one of the few theatre personalities who commanded not only the respect but also kept his reputation high even during his poet-retirement years. He was also one of a few artists who judiciously used his earnings to create a bright future for his two sons and two daughters. At the time of his death, Fida Hussain was the owner of two brassware business firms in Muradabad which were run by his two sons.

During his theatre days, Fida Hussain recorded more than 200 songs with HMV. However, his filmy songs are few (may be less than 20) and it seems some of them were not issued on gramophone records. Very recently, I could get hold of his two songs from the film ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) which I have uploaded on the video sharing platform.

I am presenting here one of the songs. “Janaab e Naaseh Samajhte Hain Hum’ from ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) sung by Master Fida Hussain. There were 7 songs in the film, all written by Wahid Qureshi which were set to music by Madhulal Damodar Master.

‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) was produced under the banner of Wadia Moveitone and was directed by Homi Wadia. The star cast included Nadia, John Cawas, Radha Rani, Sardar Mansoor, Boman Shroff, Dalpat, Fatima, Minoo Cooper, Nazira, Mithu Miyan, Gunboat (Dog) etc. The story of the film in short is as under:

A village is being exploited by a capitalist racketeer. The villagers are being convinced to sell their land to the capitalist. Everything seems to be going smooth for the capitalist until Nadia (Bambaiwaali) who returns to her village after completing her education in Bombay (Mumbai). She opposes selling land to the capitalist for which the women folks of the village support Nadia. Now the conflict turns between the greedy men of the village and their women folks who love their land more than the money.

Nadia with her two henchmen, a dog and even a rickety motor car became the part of thrilling and sometime hilarious situations to catch the racketeers. Women are trained to use laathis for self-defence. With this, Nadia establishes that village women have equal say in decision making. Capitalist’s game plan is defeated. (Source: Filmindia, September 1941).

Anyway, there is a subtle message in the film story about women’s emancipation in the guise of a wholesale entertainment.

Master Fida Hussain had a very deep voice probably due to his loud singing on the stage in the absence of microphone those days.  This is reflected in his singing the filmy songs including the one under discussion. In this song, his singing style is a fusion of ghazal, qawwali and classic style of singing of 1930s.

With this song, ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) makes a debut in the Blog.

=================
Translation by Sudhir

janaab e naaseh samahjte hain hum
wo sangdil hain jafaa karenge

o learned advisors (please know)
that am aware they have hearts of stone
and will betray the trust in love
[naaseh = learned person, advisor;
sangdil = one with a heart of stone;
jafaa = betrayal of trust]

mithaa hi denge jahaan se hamko
aur iss se badkar wo kya karenge

they may destroy us
and banish us from this world of living
but alas, that is the utmost
that they can achieve

apni ye zulfen balaa karenge
apni ye zeben ada karenge
magar haseenon se ye to poochho
jo hum na honge to kya karenge

they may arrange their tresses
to afflict disaster on our hearts
they may present their graces and beauty
but hey, ask of these enchanting ladies
what use is this beauty and charm
if we are not there (to appreciate)
[balaa (बला) = calamity, adversity;
zeb (ज़ेब) = grace, beauty]

nazar alahda hai har bashar ki
khuda kasam hai apni
jo humko dete hain bad’duaaen
hum unke haq mein duaa karenge

every person has a different perspective
in the name of Allah, the Almighty
those who may curse us
we still will seek blessings for them
[alahda = different, separate;
bashar = person, individual;
duaa = blessing;
bad’duaa = curse]

Song – Janaabe Naaseh Samajhte Hain Hum (Bambaiwaali) (1941) Singer – Master Fida Hussain, Lyrics – Wahid Qureshi, MD – Madhulal Damodar Master

Lyrics

aaaa aa aa
aa aaaaa aaaaaaa
aaaa aaa aa aa

janaab e naaseh..ae
samahjte hain hum
janaa..aab e naaseh..ae
samahjte hain hum
wo sangdil hain jafaa karenge
wo sangdil hain jafaa karenge
mitaa hi denge..ae
jahaan se hamko
mitaa hi denge..ae
jahaan se hamko
aur iss se badkar wo kya karenge
aur iss se badkar wo kya karenge..ae
wo kya karenge
wo kya karenge
aur iss se badkar wo kya karenge..ae

apni ye zulfen balaa..aa..aa karenge
apni ye zeben ada karenge
magar haseenon se ye to poochho
aaaa aa
magar haseenon se ye to poochho
jo hum na honge to kya karenge
jo hum na honge to kya karenge
 
aa aa aa aaa
nazar alahda
hai har bashar ki..ee..ee
nazar alahda
haan nazar alahda..aa
haan nazar alahda
haan nazar alahda
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
nazar alahda hai har bashar ki..ee
khuda
khuda aa aa aa
kasam hai apni
jo humko dete hain 
bad’duaaen
jo humko dete hain bad’duaaen
hum unke haq mein duaa karenge
hum unke haq mein duaa karenge..ae
janaab e naaseh samahjte hain hum
wo sangdil hain jafaa karenge
wo sangdil hain jafaa karenge

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आsss आ आ
आ आssss आssssss
आsss आss आ आ

जनाब ए नासेह॰॰
समझते हैं हम
जना॰॰आब ए नासेह॰॰ए
समझते हैं हम
वो संगदिल हैं जफा करेंगे
वो संगदिल हैं जफा करेंगे
मिटा ही देंगे॰॰ए
जहां से हमको
मिटा ही देंगे॰॰ए
जहां से हमको
और इस से बढ़ कर वो क्या करेंगे
और इस से बढ़ कर वो क्या करेंगे॰॰ए
वो क्या करेंगे
वो क्या करेंगे
और इस से बढ़ कर वो क्या करेंगे॰॰ए

अपनी ये ज़ुल्फें बला॰॰आ॰॰आ करेंगे
अपनी ये ज़ेबें अदा करेंगे
मगर हसीनों से ये तो पूछो
आss आ
मगर हसीनों से ये तो पूछो
जो हम ना होंगें तो क्या करेंगे
जो हम ना होंगें तो क्या करेंगे

आ आ आ आss
नज़र अल्हैदा
है हर बशर की॰॰ई॰॰ई
नज़र अल्हैदा
हाँ नज़र अल्हैदा॰॰आ
हाँ नज़र अल्हैदा
हाँ नज़र अल्हैदा
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ
नज़र अल्हैदा है हर बशर की॰॰ई
खुदा
खुदा॰॰आ॰॰आ
कसम है अपनी
जो हमको देते हैं
बद्दुआयें
जो हमको देते हैं बद्दुआयें
हम उनके हक़ में दुआ करेंगे
हम उनके हक़ में दुआ करेंगे॰॰ए

जनाब ए नासेह समझते हैं हम
वो संगदिल हैं जफा करेंगे
वो संगदिल हैं जफा करेंगे


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3620 Post No. : 14425

“Himmat”(1941) was directed by Roop K Shoreyfor Kamala Movietone Limited, Punjab. The movie had Ragini, Majnu, Beg, Radha, Zahoor Shah, Manorama, Ghulam Qadir, Mala, Malti, Ramesh, Ranchhod, Jaan etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. One song has been covered in the blog and that was long back in 2012.

Here is the second song from “Himmat”(1941). This song is sung by Umrazia Begam and Karimdad Khan. Aziz Kashmiri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Govindram.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Ye baat bata saajan (Himmat)(1941) Singers-Umrazia Begam, Karimdad Khan, Lyrics-Aziz Kashmiri, MD-Pt Govindram

Lyrics

Ye baat bata saajan
haan aan aan aan
Ye baat bata saajan
tum bin jee na lage
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
mujhe ho gaya kya saajan n n
mujhe ho gaya kya saajan
tum bin jee na lage
haaye saajan

ye baat bata sajni
haan aan aan
ye baat bata sajni
mujh pardesi par
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
kiyaa jaadoo kya sajni ee ee
kiyaa jaadoo kya sajni
mujh pardesi par
haaye sajni

aao phoolon se pyaar karen
haan aan aan aan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
kabhi nahin bichhdenge
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
ham ye iqraar karen aen aen
ham ye iqraar karen
kabhi nahin bichhdenge
haaye saajan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
haan aan aan haan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
preet ki baazi mein
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
ham jeet aur haar karen aen
haan aan aan aan
ham jeet aur haar karen
preet ki baazi mein
haaye sajni

aitbaar dilaana mujhe
haan aan aan aan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
tum pardesi ho
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
kahin chhod na jaana mujhe ae ae
kahin chhod na jaana mujhe
tum pardesi ho
haaye saajan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
haan aan aan aan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
main pardesi hoon
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
kahin bhool na jaana mujhe ae ae ae
kahin bhool na jaana mujhe


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14382

Today’s song is from an obscure film from 1941 – ‘Amrit’. The film was produced by Navyug Chitrapat Ltd. It was directed by Master Vinayak. The music was by Dada Chandekar, who was a regular with Master Vinayak, for his Hindi and Marathi films. The cast of the film was Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vinayak, Master Vithal, Lalita Pawar, Baburao Pendharkar, Dada Salvi, Damuanna Malvankar, Vishnupant Jog etc. The cameraman was Pandurang Naik, one of the owners of Navyug, along with Baburao, PK Atre and Vinayak, of course.

Hindi film industry of Bombay was dominated by Gujarati and Marathi people. It was natural, considering that Bombay was located in Maharashtra and close to Gujarat. The Gujarati people had money, so they became producers, financiers, owners and distributors, never interfering with the making of films, but controlled the monetary part. Marathi people had talents in various categories like acting, music, direction, publicity etc. As the industry grew and got talents from every part of India, in due course the number of Marathi people diminished in the industry. During this period, the Marathi film industry was also very strong and the Marathi crowd of Hindi films shifted to Marathi industry.

Till independence, this situation was in place. The Marathi film makers like Master Vinayak, V Shantaram, Bhalji Pendharkar etc made films simultaneously in Marathi and Hindi, from the earliest time of the film making in India. This trend, however, almost stopped completely, after the polarisation in 1947, except for few bilingual films made later, like ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’ in 1952 and ‘Mahatma’ in 1953 which came in Marathi and Hindi. ‘Mahatma’ was even made in English.

Master Vinayak Karnataki (19-1-1906 to 19-8-1947) was born in Kolhapur. Many of his cousins and family members were already in film line. His half brothers Bhal ji and Baburao Pendharkar, maternal cousin V Shantaram and his brother V Avadhoot (cinematographer) were in films. His own brother Vasudev also became a cameraman. Master Vinayak was working as a teacher in a school, but Bhalji convinced him to join films. Initially Vinayak was with Prabhat, working under Shantaram and learning many things. He started his own company, Hans Pictures, in partnership with Baburao Pendharkar and cameraman Pandurang Naik. Their first film was ‘Chhaaya’ (1936). Almost all films made by Master Vinayak till 1947 were bilingual in Marathi and Hindi, sometimes with different titles, like ‘Ardhaangi’ in Marathi became ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) in Hindi etc.

While Shantaram stressed on technical aspects of film making successfully, Vinayak was keen on strong story. Therefore he used the works of top class writers in Marathi like VS Khandekar, PK Atre, Mama Varerkar etc. [Auth Note: VS Khandekar later won the Sahitya Academi Award, the Jnanapeeth award, Padma Bhushan award and many more honours like D Litt etc. The Government issued a postage stamp in his honour, after his death.] ‘Chhaaya’ won many awards and was commercially successful. Next came ‘Dharamveer’ (1937) and ‘Premveer’ (also 1937). The heroine in ‘Premveer’ was Ashalata – wife of music director Anil Biswas). Then came ‘Jwaala’ in 1938, with Chandramohan in both versions – Marathi and Hindi. He learnt to speak excellent Marathi for this film. Later he did three more Marathi films. Unfortunately, ‘Jwaala’ was a resounding flop – not because of any reason other than Master Vinayak meddling with the story too much, according to VS Khandekar (this appears to be a chronic ailment of film line !).

Master Vinayak fell back on comedy and made ‘Brahmachari’ in 1938 and ‘Brandi Ki Botal’ in 1939. Both were successful, but the loss due to ‘Jwaala’ was too big. Even one more comedy – ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) could not salvage the damage. Hans Pictures was dissolved to form another company Navyug Chitrapat, with PK Atre as a partner. Navyug was the first film company to offer 100 rs. shares directly to public. (Bombay Talkies had shares with only the directors, initially). The first film was ‘Lapandav’ (1940). Though it was successful, PK Atre left the company along with its heroine Vanmala – his consort, and established his own company Atre Pictures.

After another comedy, Navyug made ‘Amrit’ in 1941. In 1942, Navyug made the film ‘Pahili Mangalagaur’, in which Lata Mangeshkar made her debut as an actress and singer. She sang her first ever film song with Snehprabha Pradhan, under the baton of Dada Chandekar. There was a kissing scene of Snehprabha and Shahu Modak in this film. During the making of this film, Master Vinayak left Navyug and started his own company Prafull Pictures. He made several Hindi and Marathi films including ‘Badi Maa’ (1945). He died on 19-8-1947, just 4 days after Independence.

The music director of ‘Amrit’ was Dada Chandekar, a regular of Master Vinayak. His real name was Shankar Vishnu Chandekar. He was born on 19-3-1897 at Kolhapur. His father used to do ‘keertan‘ in temples. His younger brother Narhari used to call him as Dada (Bade Bhaiya – elder brother), and subsequently everyone started to call him Dada only. Later his real name was not known to anyone. He was an excellent harmonium player.

He joined Kirloskar Drama Company, where he used to do female roles, as per system in those days. Once Deenanath Mangeshkar’s Harmonium player was absent. Dada was called and then he worked in Deenanath’s Balwant Natak Mandali  for next 20 years. Later he joined Dhamman Khan, MD as his assistant. In 1935 he gave some songs in film ‘Kaliya Mardan’, when Dhamman Khan left midway.

In 1937 Dada Chandekar joined Hans Pictures. He composed the background music for ‘Jwaala’. Pleased by his work, Master Vinayak gave him his first independent film- ‘Bramhachari’ in 1938. All the songs became hits and were popular. Particularly the song by Meenakshi, “Yamuna Bich Khelun Khel, Kanhaiya”. The song was performed on screen by Meenakshi wearing a swimming costume, a very revolutionary idea in that era. The song became popular all over India. People repeatedly saw the film for this song and Meenakshi in swimming dress ! However, Master Vinayak did not get any money from this film, as he had to sell the film, while still in production, at a mesum- mainly because of the new heroine. Actually, it was successful due to her only.

Dada continued with Master Vinayak till 1947. Then he left Hindi films. Till 1964, he gave music to dramas and Marathi films. He also worked in All India Radio, Poona for some time. He died on 27-1-1976. In all, he gave music to 13 Hindi and 25 Marathi films. some of his Hindi films are, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Jwaala’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Amrit’, ‘Ladaai Ke Baad’, ‘Din Raat’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’, ‘Moti’ and ‘Phool Aur Kaante’.

One of the actors in the film was Damuanna Malvankar (1893 to 1975); incidentally the film shooting was done in his home town Malwan only. He was one of the most famous and popular comedian in Marathi films. He used his natural squint in his comedy. He did about 100 films in all, which also include Hindi films like ‘Andheri Duniya’, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Sangam’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Mera Haq’, ‘Mera Ladka’, ‘Badi Maa’, ‘Jeevan Yatra’, ‘Subhadra’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’etc. His daughter Bharati (Marathi film actress) is the wife of Lata’s brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar. Baburao Patel of Film India was a great fan of Damuanna Malvankar and wrote very lovingly about him in his magazine.

Then there was actor Vishnupant Jog, who paired with Damuanna in 29 comedy films.

I have not seen this film. Here is the film synopsis from ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’,

A complicated plot about class differences in a coastal Konkan village. It introduced a typical Khandekar character, the idealistic but dogmatic patriarch who becomes a victim of his own beliefs.

Here it is Bappa (Salvi), who monopolises the village palm trees from which toddy is made. He believes in fairness, not mercy. The story of his urban son Vilas (Master Vithal), his daughter Lata (Meenakshi) and her friend Sadanand (Master Vinayak) is interspersed with that of a drunken shoemaker Krishna (Baburao Pendharkar) and his wife Seeta (Lalita Pawar). Vilas, who covets the shoemaker’s wife Seeta, procures a new hut for them. He then starts having problems with his father and all the parallel stories converge when Vilas accidentally kills Seeta’s daughter.

Bappa, using his political influence, gets her innocent husband arrested instead and Seeta exploiting Vilas’s desire for her, retaliates by making him virtually her slave. Bappa eventually faces up to his moral responsibility in a tale that also warns against the Demon Drink.

The song being presented today, is sung by Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vishnupant Jog and chorus. This is an old style song. The film makes its debut on the blog.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Listener’s Bulletin, IMDB, MuVyz, HFGK, Wikipedia, and my own notes.]


Song – Jaago Jawaano, Jaago Jawaano, Navyug Aaya Re (Amrit) (1941) Singer – Vishnupant Jog, Meenakshi Shirodkar, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Dada Chandekar
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jaago. . .
jaago. . .
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

aaya re
aaya re
aaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

nav jeevan laaya re
nav jeevan laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

na koi nanga
na koi bhookha
na koi ooncha neecha
ik paani se
ik khaad se
sab booton ko seencha
amrit baagh lagaaya re
amrit baagh lagaaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

teri daulat hai tu
teri taaqat hai tu
teri himmat hai tu
teri kismat hai tu
tere haathon mein honi jhoome
haan tere haathon mein honi jhoome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya re
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya

jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

आया रे
आया रे
आया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

नव जीवन लाया रे
नव जीवन लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

ना कोई नंगा
ना कोई भूखा
ना कोई ऊंचा नीचा
इक पानी से
इक खाद से
सब बूटों को सींचा
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

तेरी दौलत है तू
तेरी ताक़त है तू
तेरी हिम्मत है तू
तेरी किस्मत है तू
तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
हाँ तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे

जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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