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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1941’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3620 Post No. : 14425

“Himmat”(1941) was directed by Roop K Shoreyfor Kamala Movietone Limited, Punjab. The movie had Ragini, Majnu, Beg, Radha, Zahoor Shah, Manorama, Ghulam Qadir, Mala, Malti, Ramesh, Ranchhod, Jaan etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. One song has been covered in the blog and that was long back in 2012.

Here is the second song from “Himmat”(1941). This song is sung by Umrazia Begam and Karimdad Khan. Aziz Kashmiri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Govindram.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Ye baat bata saajan (Himmat)(1941) Singers-Umrazia Begam, Karimdad Khan, Lyrics-Aziz Kashmiri, MD-Pt Govindram

Lyrics

Ye baat bata saajan
haan aan aan aan
Ye baat bata saajan
tum bin jee na lage
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
mujhe ho gaya kya saajan n n
mujhe ho gaya kya saajan
tum bin jee na lage
haaye saajan

ye baat bata sajni
haan aan aan
ye baat bata sajni
mujh pardesi par
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
kiyaa jaadoo kya sajni ee ee
kiyaa jaadoo kya sajni
mujh pardesi par
haaye sajni

aao phoolon se pyaar karen
haan aan aan aan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
kabhi nahin bichhdenge
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
ham ye iqraar karen aen aen
ham ye iqraar karen
kabhi nahin bichhdenge
haaye saajan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
haan aan aan haan
aao phoolon se pyaar karen
preet ki baazi mein
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
ham jeet aur haar karen aen
haan aan aan aan
ham jeet aur haar karen
preet ki baazi mein
haaye sajni

aitbaar dilaana mujhe
haan aan aan aan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
tum pardesi ho
haaye saajan
haan aan aan aan
kahin chhod na jaana mujhe ae ae
kahin chhod na jaana mujhe
tum pardesi ho
haaye saajan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
haan aan aan aan
aitbaar dilaana mujhe
main pardesi hoon
haaye sajni
haan aan aan
kahin bhool na jaana mujhe ae ae ae
kahin bhool na jaana mujhe

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14382

Today’s song is from an obscure film from 1941 – ‘Amrit’. The film was produced by Navyug Chitrapat Ltd. It was directed by Master Vinayak. The music was by Dada Chandekar, who was a regular with Master Vinayak, for his Hindi and Marathi films. The cast of the film was Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vinayak, Master Vithal, Lalita Pawar, Baburao Pendharkar, Dada Salvi, Damuanna Malvankar, Vishnupant Jog etc. The cameraman was Pandurang Naik, one of the owners of Navyug, along with Baburao, PK Atre and Vinayak, of course.

Hindi film industry of Bombay was dominated by Gujarati and Marathi people. It was natural, considering that Bombay was located in Maharashtra and close to Gujarat. The Gujarati people had money, so they became producers, financiers, owners and distributors, never interfering with the making of films, but controlled the monetary part. Marathi people had talents in various categories like acting, music, direction, publicity etc. As the industry grew and got talents from every part of India, in due course the number of Marathi people diminished in the industry. During this period, the Marathi film industry was also very strong and the Marathi crowd of Hindi films shifted to Marathi industry.

Till independence, this situation was in place. The Marathi film makers like Master Vinayak, V Shantaram, Bhalji Pendharkar etc made films simultaneously in Marathi and Hindi, from the earliest time of the film making in India. This trend, however, almost stopped completely, after the polarisation in 1947, except for few bilingual films made later, like ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji’ in 1952 and ‘Mahatma’ in 1953 which came in Marathi and Hindi. ‘Mahatma’ was even made in English.

Master Vinayak Karnataki (19-1-1906 to 19-8-1947) was born in Kolhapur. Many of his cousins and family members were already in film line. His half brothers Bhal ji and Baburao Pendharkar, maternal cousin V Shantaram and his brother V Avadhoot (cinematographer) were in films. His own brother Vasudev also became a cameraman. Master Vinayak was working as a teacher in a school, but Bhalji convinced him to join films. Initially Vinayak was with Prabhat, working under Shantaram and learning many things. He started his own company, Hans Pictures, in partnership with Baburao Pendharkar and cameraman Pandurang Naik. Their first film was ‘Chhaaya’ (1936). Almost all films made by Master Vinayak till 1947 were bilingual in Marathi and Hindi, sometimes with different titles, like ‘Ardhaangi’ in Marathi became ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) in Hindi etc.

While Shantaram stressed on technical aspects of film making successfully, Vinayak was keen on strong story. Therefore he used the works of top class writers in Marathi like VS Khandekar, PK Atre, Mama Varerkar etc. [Auth Note: VS Khandekar later won the Sahitya Academi Award, the Jnanapeeth award, Padma Bhushan award and many more honours like D Litt etc. The Government issued a postage stamp in his honour, after his death.] ‘Chhaaya’ won many awards and was commercially successful. Next came ‘Dharamveer’ (1937) and ‘Premveer’ (also 1937). The heroine in ‘Premveer’ was Ashalata – wife of music director Anil Biswas). Then came ‘Jwaala’ in 1938, with Chandramohan in both versions – Marathi and Hindi. He learnt to speak excellent Marathi for this film. Later he did three more Marathi films. Unfortunately, ‘Jwaala’ was a resounding flop – not because of any reason other than Master Vinayak meddling with the story too much, according to VS Khandekar (this appears to be a chronic ailment of film line !).

Master Vinayak fell back on comedy and made ‘Brahmachari’ in 1938 and ‘Brandi Ki Botal’ in 1939. Both were successful, but the loss due to ‘Jwaala’ was too big. Even one more comedy – ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) could not salvage the damage. Hans Pictures was dissolved to form another company Navyug Chitrapat, with PK Atre as a partner. Navyug was the first film company to offer 100 rs. shares directly to public. (Bombay Talkies had shares with only the directors, initially). The first film was ‘Lapandav’ (1940). Though it was successful, PK Atre left the company along with its heroine Vanmala – his consort, and established his own company Atre Pictures.

After another comedy, Navyug made ‘Amrit’ in 1941. In 1942, Navyug made the film ‘Pahili Mangalagaur’, in which Lata Mangeshkar made her debut as an actress and singer. She sang her first ever film song with Snehprabha Pradhan, under the baton of Dada Chandekar. There was a kissing scene of Snehprabha and Shahu Modak in this film. During the making of this film, Master Vinayak left Navyug and started his own company Prafull Pictures. He made several Hindi and Marathi films including ‘Badi Maa’ (1945). He died on 19-8-1947, just 4 days after Independence.

The music director of ‘Amrit’ was Dada Chandekar, a regular of Master Vinayak. His real name was Shankar Vishnu Chandekar. He was born on 19-3-1897 at Kolhapur. His father used to do ‘keertan‘ in temples. His younger brother Narhari used to call him as Dada (Bade Bhaiya – elder brother), and subsequently everyone started to call him Dada only. Later his real name was not known to anyone. He was an excellent harmonium player.

He joined Kirloskar Drama Company, where he used to do female roles, as per system in those days. Once Deenanath Mangeshkar’s Harmonium player was absent. Dada was called and then he worked in Deenanath’s Balwant Natak Mandali  for next 20 years. Later he joined Dhamman Khan, MD as his assistant. In 1935 he gave some songs in film ‘Kaliya Mardan’, when Dhamman Khan left midway.

In 1937 Dada Chandekar joined Hans Pictures. He composed the background music for ‘Jwaala’. Pleased by his work, Master Vinayak gave him his first independent film- ‘Bramhachari’ in 1938. All the songs became hits and were popular. Particularly the song by Meenakshi, “Yamuna Bich Khelun Khel, Kanhaiya”. The song was performed on screen by Meenakshi wearing a swimming costume, a very revolutionary idea in that era. The song became popular all over India. People repeatedly saw the film for this song and Meenakshi in swimming dress ! However, Master Vinayak did not get any money from this film, as he had to sell the film, while still in production, at a mesum- mainly because of the new heroine. Actually, it was successful due to her only.

Dada continued with Master Vinayak till 1947. Then he left Hindi films. Till 1964, he gave music to dramas and Marathi films. He also worked in All India Radio, Poona for some time. He died on 27-1-1976. In all, he gave music to 13 Hindi and 25 Marathi films. some of his Hindi films are, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Jwaala’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Amrit’, ‘Ladaai Ke Baad’, ‘Din Raat’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’, ‘Moti’ and ‘Phool Aur Kaante’.

One of the actors in the film was Damuanna Malvankar (1893 to 1975); incidentally the film shooting was done in his home town Malwan only. He was one of the most famous and popular comedian in Marathi films. He used his natural squint in his comedy. He did about 100 films in all, which also include Hindi films like ‘Andheri Duniya’, ‘Bramhachari’, ‘Brandy Ki Botal’, ‘Sangam’, ‘Ghar Ki Rani’, ‘Mera Haq’, ‘Mera Ladka’, ‘Badi Maa’, ‘Jeevan Yatra’, ‘Subhadra’, ‘Main Tera Hoon’etc. His daughter Bharati (Marathi film actress) is the wife of Lata’s brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar. Baburao Patel of Film India was a great fan of Damuanna Malvankar and wrote very lovingly about him in his magazine.

Then there was actor Vishnupant Jog, who paired with Damuanna in 29 comedy films.

I have not seen this film. Here is the film synopsis from ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’,

A complicated plot about class differences in a coastal Konkan village. It introduced a typical Khandekar character, the idealistic but dogmatic patriarch who becomes a victim of his own beliefs.

Here it is Bappa (Salvi), who monopolises the village palm trees from which toddy is made. He believes in fairness, not mercy. The story of his urban son Vilas (Master Vithal), his daughter Lata (Meenakshi) and her friend Sadanand (Master Vinayak) is interspersed with that of a drunken shoemaker Krishna (Baburao Pendharkar) and his wife Seeta (Lalita Pawar). Vilas, who covets the shoemaker’s wife Seeta, procures a new hut for them. He then starts having problems with his father and all the parallel stories converge when Vilas accidentally kills Seeta’s daughter.

Bappa, using his political influence, gets her innocent husband arrested instead and Seeta exploiting Vilas’s desire for her, retaliates by making him virtually her slave. Bappa eventually faces up to his moral responsibility in a tale that also warns against the Demon Drink.

The song being presented today, is sung by Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vishnupant Jog and chorus. This is an old style song. The film makes its debut on the blog.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Listener’s Bulletin, IMDB, MuVyz, HFGK, Wikipedia, and my own notes.]


Song – Jaago Jawaano, Jaago Jawaano, Navyug Aaya Re (Amrit) (1941) Singer – Vishnupant Jog, Meenakshi Shirodkar, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Dada Chandekar
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jaago. . .
jaago. . .
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

aaya re
aaya re
aaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re
ey hey. . .

nav jeevan laaya re
nav jeevan laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
laaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

na koi nanga
na koi bhookha
na koi ooncha neecha
ik paani se
ik khaad se
sab booton ko seencha
amrit baagh lagaaya re
amrit baagh lagaaya re
jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

teri daulat hai tu
teri taaqat hai tu
teri himmat hai tu
teri kismat hai tu
tere haathon mein honi jhoome
haan tere haathon mein honi jhoome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
tere paanv ko manzil choome
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
teri aankhon mein hardam savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
savera
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya re
tu to suraj se chamki kaaya

jaago jawaano
jaago jawaano
navyug aaya re
navyug aaya re

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो॰ ॰ ॰
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

आया रे
आया रे
आया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे
ए हे॰ ॰ ॰

नव जीवन लाया रे
नव जीवन लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
लाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

ना कोई नंगा
ना कोई भूखा
ना कोई ऊंचा नीचा
इक पानी से
इक खाद से
सब बूटों को सींचा
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
अमृत बाग लगाया रे
जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे

तेरी दौलत है तू
तेरी ताक़त है तू
तेरी हिम्मत है तू
तेरी किस्मत है तू
तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
हाँ तेरे हाथों में होनी झूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरे पाँव को मंज़िल चूमे
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
तेरी आँखों में हरदम सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
सवेरा
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे
तू तो सूरज से चमकी काया रे

जागो जवानो
जागो जवानो
नवयुग आया रे
नवयुग आया रे


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3544 Post No. : 14225

Today’s song is from the film Dhandora-41. It was a Ranjit film, directed by comedian N M Charlie. The music was by Ranjit’s resident composer Gyan Dutt. The song, penned by D N Madhok, is sung by Charlie himself.

What is the meaning of the word Dhandora ? As per the online dictionary, the simplified meaning is Elaan in Urdu, Proclamation in English. In Hindi it is Doundi and in Marathi it is Dawandi (दवंडी).

To understand this concept, we have to go back in time, when the means of communication were not many. The Public orders,Fatwas, New laws or any new announcement from the King for the public was through a Public Crier ( as he was called), with a big drum hanging from his neck onto his tummy. He would stand on a Public platform, like a Chavdi or in the middle of of a Market or Residential street. He would then start playing his drum loudly. When enough crowd had gathered, he would shout in a loud voice about the Proclamation from the authority. This entire process was called Dhandora or Dhandhora or Dhindhora ( the phrase “Dhindhora peetna” means to proclaim loudly ).

After the advent of modern and better communication means, this system was abandoned. However, in smaller villages and rural areas, its variation continued as a means of advertisements. I remember, during the visits to my Nanihal- which was a small town, in the summer holidays, in the early 40’s, we children used to run after the oxen cart in which the ‘Public crier’ or the person doing the advertisement and distributing hand bills sat. He would start banging his drum and shout the ad matter…mostly about a film.

The Hero of film Dhandora-41, who was also its Director, was Film industry’s First Superstar Comedian. Coming from a very humble family, he rose to be the king of Comedy in Hindi films, for a period of over a decade.

By the 1940s the system of Playback was firmly established. This actually came as a great relief to most composers. Till then they had to tolerate terrible non-singers. Now, except for few singing actors, all others could have playback from expert and professional singers. Despite this, in few cases, some producers insisted that their comedians sang their own songs. That is how, you can see songs by comedian Sunder, comedian Yaqub or comedian Charlie. Thank God other comedians like Master Bhagwan, V.H.Desai or Bhudo Advani did not / could not sing !

1945 was the period when Noor Mohammed Charlie was on peak of his popularity. He not only sang his songs, but he also became Hero in few pictures and stories were amended to give him more scope in the films. In the 1950s and the 1960s, this honour went to comedian Johnny Walker. Thank God, he did not sing songs ( though he spoke in his chirpy voice in some songs). Mohammed Rafi compensated enough for him by having a special style of singing and a special voice for Johnny Walker songs.

These days everyone likes the comedy of Amitabh Bachhan. His many films became Hits due to his comedy work. Today most of the Heroes do the comedy part in the film themselves. But till 1970, there used to be a separate slot for a comedian.

Today’s generation knows comedians like Paresh Raval, Anupam Kher etc. For them older comedians are Johnny Lever, Satish Shah or Rajpal Yadav. before that, they can think of Johnny Walker, Mehmood, Keshto Mukherjee, Asit Sen, Dhumal, Jagdeep, Asrani or Deven Verma. But the art of Comedy had started much earlier, in the 1930s and 1940s. Comedians like Ghori, Dikshit, Fatty Prasad, V H Desai, Bhudo Advani were famous. Amongst all the comedians of that era,there was ONE superstar of Comedy- NOOR MOHAMMED CHARLIE.

Noor Mohd. was born on 7-1-1911 at Ranavava, near Porbandar, Gujarat, in a Memon family (Later, comedian Mukri was also a Memon from Konkan area). Not intersted in studies, he was very fond of seeing films, even by stealing money from house, at times-if need be. He was sent to Bombay and worked as an Umbrella Repairer in a shop. His desire to become an actor was so strong that one day he straightaway went to Imperial Film Company’s owner and asked for a job. In the tradition of those days, he was asked if he could sing… His reply was,” I can sing, act, ride, run, fight, cry, laugh, quarrel, dance, play or swim”. He was hired instantly at a salary of Rs. 40 pm.

From 1925 to 1931 he did 9 silent films. In one of these films he did the acting of Charlie Chaplin. It became so popular that he made this get up his Trademark and developed Toothbrush Moustache ,like Charlie Chaplin. he also added ‘Charlie’ to his name. He did his first talkie film ” Zarina” in 1932 and then there was no looking back.

Initially with Sagar Movietone, he shifted to Ranjit and did 17 films with Ranjit. He became so famous and Popular that films were sold on his name. He was the First superstar amongst the comedians. He started to get special songs shot on him in almost every film-much before Johnny Walker in the 1950s. He sang his own songs. he left Ranjit and was the first actor to became a ‘Free-lance’ breaking the Studio system.

Some of his films and songs were famous over all India. In the film Sanjog, he sang ” Palat,tera dhyan kidhar hai “. This line became so famous that young boys in colleges used this line for calling girls,in those days. In the film Dhindhora, he sang ” ek do teen char panch chhe saat aath nau dus gyara bara,teri nazar ne mujhe mara”. ( Raj Kapoor used ‘Ek do teen aaja mausam hai rangeen’ and later Madhuri Dixit’s “Ek do teen” was very famous.) In the film Taqdeer he sang- “Thank you mention not” and ” I am very very Sorry”. This too became popular.

There was a time when Charlie drew more salary than even Prithwiraj kapoor ! He did about 62 films in all. he was the Hero opposite Swarnalata in Chaand Taara-45, hero opposite Leela Chitnis in Ghazal-45 and hero opposite Chandraprabha (Saraswati devi’s sister) in Dulha-46.

He directed only one film,while in Ranjit-Dhandora-41. Charlie sang 36 songs in 15 films.

After partition he opted for Pakistan. he did 6 Urdu, 2 Sindhi and 1 Punjabi films there but was not popular. He came back to India in 1960, but by then here too the position had changed. He did 3 films here. His last film in India was Ranjit’s last film ” Akeli mat Jaiyo”-63 and then that was the end of his film career and that of Ranjit studios too. Due to Visa problem, he had to leave India. He went to USA to live with his son, who had a dairy farm business. He had 6 sons and 6 daughters. Only 1 son-Latif Charlie became an actor In Pakistan. (He died on 19-7-2011). Charlie came back to Pakistan when his wife expired, but later he himself died in Karachi on 30-6-1983.

If he had not gone to Pakistan, who knows he would have prospered here. Mehmood and Johnny Walker consider him as GURU and have copied his actions in films many times. Raj Kapoor and Guru Dutt were also his fans. His film Manorama-44 was remade as Manchala in 1953 with Agha in his role. Thokar-39 was remade as Mai Baap and Taqdeer-43 was remade as Duniya ka Mela, with Mehmood in Charlie’s role.

When he died in Pakistan, no film personality from Pakistan Film industry attended his funeral. He died unsung !

The cast of film Dhandora-41 was Charlie, Husn Bano, Shameem, Dikshit, Ghori, E.Bilimorea, Bhagwan Das, Kesari etc etc.

With a plethora of Comedians in the film, one could easily make out the film’s genre. For the Heroine, Husn Bano, this was something new, because till then, she had been working only in Stunt/action films of Wadia Movietone like, Kala Gulab, Hind Kesari, Desh Deepak, Noor E Yaman etc etc. Husn Bano was the love child of actress Shareefa. Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta ( just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film “Daaku Mansoor-34”. After this film, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she started getting roles in Wadia films.

When she was selected for Dhandora as a Heroine, this was a new experience for her as she had never worked in a social or a comedy movie. All her experience was for stunt films only.

Husn Bano acted in 53 films and sanf 44 songs in 16 films. She had married Wadia’s director Aspy Irani. Husn Bano worked in films till her last film Akhari Sajda-1977 and then she retired. She had a big house “Shareefa Manzil” in Dadar, Bombay. On 23-11-1986, her husband Aspy Irani left home for work and he simply disappeared. He was never found and was declared as a “Missing Person” by the Police.

The story of film Dhandora-41 was by Charlie himself. He was the Hero and also the Director. Dialogues and most lyrics were by D N Madhok. The story of the film was…..

Two young persons, Pyare (Charlie) and Mansukh(Dikshit) are working as Extras in films. They are actually nobodies, but crave for publicity in some way or the other. Pyare and Mansukh give it a long thought and come up with a crazy idea. It is planned that Mansukh should ‘murder’ Pyare. Then Mansukh will be caught and their names will be flashed on front pages of Newspapers and on Radio news. Thus they will become famous. The murder, of course , has to be only a fake one. Then Pyare would go out of Bombay and appear directly in court, when Mansukh would be convicted.

Everything takes place as planned. Mansukh is arrested. Pyare leaves secretly for Calcutta. In the train Pyare meets Banwari (Bhagwan Das)-a Theatre Manager and his beautiful daughter Kumud (Husn Bano). They continue meeting in Calcutta also and as expected, fall in love. In all this jhamela, Pyare forgets about Mansukh.

One day Pyare comes across a stupid fellow-Uttam ( Charlie’s double role), who looks exactly like him (naturally!). Uttam is the son of Calcutta’s rich person Sir Niranjan (E.Billimoria). For a better period of the film,after Interval, there are many scenes depicting the inevitable and sometimes intentional confusions due to the look-alikes.

In Bombay, Mansukh is dragged to the court and his case starts. There is no Pyare anywhere,as planned. Pyare loses all hope. He is convicted and sentences to death by hanging. Fortunately, when Mansukh is dragged to the Hangman’s rope, Pyare appears and clarifies that he is alive and there was no murder at all. Mansukh is released Baa-ijjat.
The Happy End !

For a long time, the songs of this film were not available anywhere. Luckily Mr. Shalin Bhatt uploaded 4 songs on You Tube, this month only-on 9th March 2018, to be precise. He is one of the few collectors, who upload full and complete songs. May his tribe grow ! There were 9 songs in the film, written by Madhok and Buta Ram Sharma. The music was by Gyan Dutt.

GYAN DUTT (Born 1915/1920 – Died on 3 December 1974) was an early Indian Film Composer and Music Director. He was Music Director for films such as Thokar (1939), Achhut (1940), Bhakta Surdas (1942), Sunehre Din (1949) and Ghayal (1951). Many of his songs were sung by K. L. Saigal. In 1948 he composed seven songs for a young Geeta Roy in the films Chanda Ki Chandani and Hua Savera, although their most notable collaboration was Dilruba (1950) in which Geeta Roy had 10 songs, seven of which were solos for Geeta Roy.

There were a few composers who were neither here nor there. Gyan Dutt was one of them. True, in his time there was no Parallel cinema, but Critics were very much there. Though he operated from 1937 to 1965-almost 30 years, he never became famous as some of his contemporaries like, Anil Biswas, C.Ramchandra, Naushad etc. He was a Bengali born in Bangalore. There are conflicting reports not only about his Birth year (1915 or 1920),but also about Birth place. Some sources say he was born in East Bengal.

As was the practice those days, Gyan Dutt ( real name Jnanan Dutt) was employed by Ranjit studios ( “we have more stars in our studio that there are in the sky”), along with other composers. He composed music for 25 films in Ranjit from 1937 to 1940. Khemchand Prakash, who replaced him in Ranjit did 20 films from 1940 to 1945 and then it was Bulo C Rani who did about 25 films after 1945 onwards. For most films of Gyan Dutt in Ranjit the film directors were Gujaratis like, Jayant Desai, Chaturbhuj Doshi, Chandulal Shah, Manibhai Vyas etc. He was called Pandit Gyan Dutt.

In those days, hero and Heroines used to sing their own songs. Thus his songs were sung by Waheedan bai, Khatoon, Kalyani,Sunita Devi, Ila Devi, Madhuri, Sitara, Indubala, Vasanti, Savita Devi, Miss Rose, Meera, Gauhar, Snehprabha Pradhan etc.Among males it was Ishwarlal, Kantilal, Ghori, Bilimoria, Charlie etc.

Gyan Dutt gave music to 58 films, but songs from only Saigal’s Bhakta Surdas-42 and Raj kapoor’s Sunehre Din 49 are well known. Actually songs of Aapki Marzi-39 and Sant Tulsidas-39 were also popular in those days. Khursheed sang many songs for him. He also sang a few songs himself. His last film was janam janam ke Saathi-1965.

Gyan Datt remained employed with Ranjit Movietone and gave music is many films including Toofani Toli(1937), Bazigar (1938), Gorakh Maya (1938), Nadi kinare (39), Musafir (1940). In Toofani Toli he made Wahidan bai (Mother of Nimmi) sing “Kyon Naianan mein neer bahaye”. Many singers like Kantilal, Kalyani, Rajkumari, Khursheed and Manna Dey sang his songs. His last film was Janam janam ke saathi (1965) in which duet was sung by Mukesh & Suman Kalyanpur, Hemant Kumar &Indrani Roy.The most notable among his compositions being Sunehre Din (1949) and the song – Maine Dekhi Jag Ki Reet Meet Sab Jhoote Pad Gaye sung by Mukesh and Shamshad Begum.

His death came on 3-12-1974 in Bombay. Unfortunately except for a small time less known composer Sapan Chakravarty,no one from the film industry attended his funeral and a good composer died unsung, unknown and all alone.

Here is a song which is a precursor to many subsequent songs of Hindi films. It starts counting straight up to Twelve… a typical comedy song. Enjoy…..


Song-Ek Do Teen Chaar paanch chhe saat aathh (Dhandhora)(1941) Singer-Noor Md Charlie, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah

Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah
teri nazar ne
mujhe maara
teri nazar ne
mujhe maara
teri nazar ne
mujhe maara
baarah gyarah das nau
aath saat chhe paanchh
chaar teen do ek
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh
baarah gyarah das nau
aath saat chhe paanchh
chaar teen do ek
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh
Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah
teri nazar ne mujhe maara
teri nazar ne mujhe maara
teri nazar ne mujhe maara

ek ek hain do
ek ek hain do
murge ?? dil mat ro
do do hain chaar
do do hain chaar
mujhe tera intezaar
do do hain chaar
mujhe tera intezaar
Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah
teri nazar ne mujhe maara
teri nazar ne mujhe maara
teri nazar ne mujhe maara

chaar aur do chhe
chaar aur do chhe
jee bhar ke deedaar le
chaar aur do chhe
jee bhar ke deedaar le
jee bhar ke deedaar le
Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah

dus aur dus bees
aur dus tees
aur dus pachaas
ae dus chaalees
aur dus pachaas
aur dus saath
aur dus sattarrr

chaudhvin ke chaand se mera yaar nahin kamtar
chaudhvin ke chaand se mera yaar nahin kamtar
andheriya hai raat
sajan aao mere ghar
andheriya hai raat
sajan aao mere ghar
andheriya hai raat
sajan aaibo ke jaibo
andheriya hai raat
sajan aiyo ke jaiyo
andheriya hai raat
sajan aibo ke jaibo

assi aur bees sau
chup kyon ho
kuchh kaho
assi aur bees sau
chup kyon ho
kuchh kaho
chup kyon ho
kuchh kaho
chup kyon ho
kuchh kaho

Ek Do Teen Chaar
paanch chhe saath aathh
nau das gyaarah baarah
baarah gyarah das nau
aath saat chhe paanchh
chaar teen do ek
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh
meri taraf zara dekh


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3531 Post No. : 14182

Today’s song is from film Taj Mahal (1941).

In the last few months, I have written articles on films of the early cinema i.e. from the decade of the 1930s. In these articles, I have introduced few unknown or less known heros and heroines of those times, to our readers. Some of these are Vijay Kumar, Ram Singh, Shankar Rao Vazare, Gul Hamid, Prakash and heroines like Menaka, Radha Rani, Meera Mishra, Meera Devi etc. Today also we will learn about yet another less known hero of the silent and early talkie films – Master Khalil Ahmed.

From the lot of the “brought forward” actors and actresses from the silent to the talkie films, two heros were the true super stars. Master Khalil and Master Vithal. Since they had started their careers from the silent era of the 1920’s, they did not go beyond the 1940’s, when their competition increased and the newer breed of heros took over with ease!

Though world’s first first feature film, originally presented as a talkie ,’The Jazz Singer’, released in October 1927, it took about 4 years more for talkie films to come to India. When it did come in March 1931, there was tremendous enthusiasm amongst the film makers. Initially, however, there was scepticism in the minds of well established silent film makers. Famous film makers like Dadasaheb Phalke and even V Shantaram are on record having expressed their views that talkie films will not survive. However, the same people later on, not only supported the talkie, but V Shantaram became one of the best proponents of Hindi talkie films. Even Dada Saheb Phalke ended his career by making his only Talkie, ‘Gangavataran’ in 1937. (Leela Mishra had acted in it.)

The coming of sound to films changed the film making for ever. Till then what was a fragmented production activity, slowly became an industry. Earlier, silent films were made at a cost of 8 to 10 thousand rupees. Now the talkie needed 15 to 25 thousand per film. Automatically, the hobbyists and poorer film makers disappeared. So did the acting crew who could not speak Hindi fluently or sing a song.

One finds that suddenly, there was a deluge of talented, creative and enterprising people from various professions and different backgrounds to take up the challenges of this new industry. The changing society in India is partly responsible for this deluge. Due to education and attraction to cities, many people were rapidly getting uprooted from their traditional occupations and they were looked forward to these opportunities. For example a motor mechanic Sarvottam Badami became a sound recordist (and later, a director too) and a traditional carpenter like S Fattelal became the great set designer in Prabhat films. An ordinary poster painter, Baburao Painter became a director. Many such examples are available. The deluge was made up of producers, directors, sound recordists, writers, lyricists, singers, technical staff and of course the actors and actresses.

Among the first generation of heroes, namely Khalil, Sandow, Sohrab Modi, Master Nissar, Chandramohan, Prithviraj Kapoor, Motilal, Ashok Kumar, Master Vithal, Jal Merchant, Bilimoria brothers and Saigal emerged as the main players. Among actresses Mehtab, Bibbo, Kajjan, Gauhar, Sitara, Sita Devi, Zubeida, Cooper sisters, Sabita Devi, Leela Chitnis, Durga Khote, Devika Rani, Naseem, Jamuna, Kanan Bala etc. became popular.

Master Khalil Ahmed (variously mentioned as Khalil, Master Khalil, and Khalil Ahmed) was the first ever star of the silent era as well as talkie films from 1920 to 1940s. Born in 1903, he became a hero in Kohinoor’s ‘Gul E Bakavali’ (1924), opposite Zubeida. He was the first handsome and macho hero of those times. He acted with all top heroines of his time. Some of his 30 silent films are, ‘Kaala Naag, ‘Kulin Kanta’, ‘Lanka Ni Laadi’, ‘Cinema Queen’ etc.

He featured in his first talkie film, ‘Draupadi’ (1931), made by Imperial, opposite Ermeline. Then came ‘Daulat Ka Nasha’ (1931), ‘Bharati Mata’ (1932), ‘Niti Vijay’ (1932), Do Rangi Duniya’ (1933) and ‘Saubhagya Sundari’ (1933). In 1934 Khalil went to Calcutta on the invitation of East India Films. His first film in Calcutta was ‘Kismet Ki Kasauti’ (1934). Then he joined Tollywood Studio (Madon Theatres). Here his first film was ‘ Gaibi Gola’ (1935), in which Baby Noorjehan made her debut as a child star.

He was in great demand in Bombay also, so Khalil started doing films in Calcutta and Bombay, by frequently travelling between the two cities. This caused a lot of stress on him, but he always kept his commitments. During this period, he also got married and got children. He settled in Calcutta and travelled often to Bombay to do films there.

Khalil did different roles, including Hindu Gods. He never changed his name. in those days very few Muslim actors kept their real names. Incidentally, during his peak time, there were two more artists named Khalil. One was Khalil Aftab, who was a lyricist and he acted in film ‘Dard E Dil’ (1934) and ‘ The Mill’ (1934) (this latter film was banned and was released later in 1936 as ‘ Ghareeb Parwar’). The other actor was Khalil Khan, who had acted in film ‘Deepak Mahal’ (1940). In all, Khalil acted in 27 Talkie films. He died quite young, on 28-11-1941, at Calcutta. Too much travelling and stress must have taken its toll on him. He was only 38 year old. he left behind one wife with 5 children.

Khalil did 13 films in Calcutta – ‘Kismet Ki Kasauti (1934), ‘Gaibi Gola’ (1935), ‘Miss Manorama’ (1935), ‘Jawaani Ka Nasha’ (1935), ‘Divine Sacrifice’ (1935), ‘Raj Dulari (1936), ‘Bulbul e Iran’ (1936), ‘Parivartan’ (1936), ‘Adarsh Mahila’ (1937), ‘Aflatoon’ (1937), ‘Karmaveer’ (1938), ‘Abla Ki Shakti’ (1941) and ‘Merchant Of Venice’ (1941).

In Bombay, he did 14 films in Bombay – ‘Draupadi’ (1931), Daulat Ka Nash’ (1931), ‘Bharati Mata’ (1932), ‘Niti Vijay’ (1932), ‘Do Rangi Duniya’ (1933), ‘Saubhagya Sundari’ (1933), Typist Girl (1935), ‘Shaitan Ka Paash’ (1936), ‘Khudai Khidamadgar’ (1937), ‘Kiski Pyaari’ (1937), ‘Hamara Desh’ (1940), ‘Pyaar’ (1940), ‘Waayada’ (1940) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1941).

Khalil acted with most of the leading heroines of his time like, Noorjehan (Sr), Jilloo (Zulekha Ibrahim – she was known by Jilloo Bai in her later career), Kajjan- 6 films, Mushtari – 3 films (She died too young, in her teens only), Miss Rose – 2 films, Violet Cooper – 2 films, Radha Rani, Ram Pyari, Begum Akhtar (she was then known as Akhtari Faizabadi), Sulochana, Ameena, Leela Desai, Indurani, Gulab, Ermelin and Sheela etc. Khalil was very good natured and a popular actor among his co stars and producers.

A Muslim by birth, he performed are variety of roles in films. His initial acting phase included roles of Shri Krishna and Shri Ram. Disenchanted by the communal riots during those times, he gave a speech in the Indian Motion Picture Congress, on 4th May 1939. Baburao Patel’s Film India published this extract from his speech- “I have played Hindu Gods in films. I worked under Hindu producers only. I am disturbed by these riots. I am popular among Hindus and Muslims. We are the devotees of Art and Art has no religion.” Indian Film Industry is perhaps the only industry which is truly a secular one, since its inception. Master Khalil Ahmed was an example of that.

The film has 17 songs listed in the Geet Kosh. 3 songs are already posted. This 4th song is sung by Faqir Mohammed. With this song, he makes a debut on this blog. The film was directed by Nanubhai Vakil. His wife Sarojini was one of the heroines in this film, along with her sister Indurani. This Mohan Pictures presentation had Madholal D Master as its music Director (he was murdered on 18th June 1990, in his flat in Shivaji park, Dadar, Bombay. His murderer was never caught). The film was released in Minerva Talkies, Bombay, after Master Khalil’s death. His name in the credits said “Late Khalil Ahmed”. This was the debut film of Baby Suraiya as a child star. What a coincidence! Master Khalil was the hero in the films in which two legends, Noorjehan and Suraiya made their debut as child stars!

Though the song is sung in old style, the song tune is very sweet. Enjoy.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from ‘Hero-I’ by Ashok Raj, ‘Cinerang’ by Isak Mujawar, Wikipedia, CITWF.com, MuVyz.com, Dr. JP Guha, Calcutta and my own notes.]


Song-Muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye (Taj Mahal)(1941) Singer-Faqir Mohammad, MD-Madholal D Master

Lyrics

muraliya
aa aa aa
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye
jag ko preet sikhaaye ae
jag ko preet sikhaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye

sukh dukh do hain
prem ke raag
sukh dukh do hain
prem ke raag
ek hai paani
ek hai aag
dhan dhan us premee ke bhaag
dhan dhan us premee ke bhaag
dukh se na jo ghabraaye
dukh se na jo ghabraaye
jag ko preet sikhaaye
jag ko preet sikhaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye

jhoom rahi hai
ae ae ae ae
jhoom rahi hai
roop ki bagiya
jhoom rahi hai
roop ki bagiya
bhanwara jiya lehraaye
bhanwara jiya lehraaye
baithha hai maali
aas lagaaye
baithha hai maali
aas lagaaye
vasant ritu kab aaye
vasant ritu kab aaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye
muraliya prem ka geet sunaaye

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

मुरलिया
आ आ आ
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये
जग को प्रीत सिखाये ए
जग को प्रीत सिखाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये

सुख दुख दो हैं
प्रेम के राग
सुख दुख दो हैं
प्रेम के राग
एक है पानी
एक है आग
धन धन उस प्रेमी के भाग
धन धन उस प्रेमी के भाग
दुख से जो ना घबराये
दुख से जो ना घबराये
जग को प्रीत सिखाये
जग को प्रीत सिखाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये

झूम रही है
ए ए ए
झूम रही है
रूप की बगिया
झूम रही है
रूप की बगिया
भँवरा जिया लहराए
भँवरा जिया लहराए
बैठा है माली
आस लगाए
बैठा है माली
आस लगाए
वसंत ऋतु कब आए
वसंत ऋतु कब आए
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये
मुरलिया प्रेम के गीत सुनाये


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Ummeed” (1941) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Ishwarlal, Prabha, Noor Jahan Sr., Dixit, Neela, Ibrahim, Brijmala, Bhagwandas, Kasam, Kesri, Charubala, Dharpure, Bheem, Inayat etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Ummeed” (1941) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Kanti Lal. D N Madhok is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Jeewan ka balidaan kar de (Ummeed)(1941) Singer-Kanti Lal, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

jeewan ka balidaan
kar de ae
jeewan ka balidaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan

tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaaye toofaan
mit jaaye toofaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Padosi” (1941) was directed by V Shantaram for Prabhat Films. The movie had Gajanan Jagirdar, Mazhar Khan, Balwant Singh, Anees Khatoon, D D Kashyap, Radhakrishan, Vasant Thengdi, Balakram, Sumitra Devi etc. in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Leela Chitnis (1909-2003), who was known for portraying the role of a suffering mother during 1950s through 1970s was one among the early female actresses in 1930s with an educated background. She was the first film actress from India to appear in the advertisement for the Lux soap in 1941 which she endorsed at that time.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Kanchan”(1941) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Chitra Productions, Bombay. The Movie had Leela Chitnis, Arun, Pramila, Vimla Vashishth, Mubarak, Baby Kamla, Nagendra, Keshri, Dharpure, Tarabai, Bhag Singh, Bhagwan Das etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today, May 31, 2017 is the 14th Remembrance Day of Anil Biswas ( 07/07/1914 – 31/05/2003) who is regarded as the doyen among the Hindi film music directors. Despite not having a formal training in classical music, he rose to the stature of being called the ‘Bhishma Pitaamah’ of Hindi film music.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today, April 12th 2017 is the 107th birth anniversary of one of the earliest multi-talented film personalities who, despite being a post-graduate in English literature, started his filmy career as a painter and a still photographer in New Theatres, Calcutta in 1933. With sheer hard work and talent, he rose to become the screenplay and dialogue writer and lyricist within a year. In about 5 years from joining the film industry, he became a director. He was Kedar Nath Sharma, better known as Kidar Sharma (12/04/1910 – 29/04/1999).
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3600 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14493

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Movies with all their songs covered =1141
Total Number of movies covered =3957

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