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Archive for the ‘Shankar Shambhu Qawwaal Songs’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4357 Post No. : 15679 Movie Count :

4320

Hindi Songs in Bangla Film – 31
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In Balochistan province of Pakistan, there is a well-known Hindu temple, Hinglaj Mata Temple locally known as Nani Ka Mandir. This temple is regarded as one of the 51 Shaktipeeths and is revered by Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims from Balochistan and Sindh especially the Zikri Balochs who are also the patrons of the temple. The temple is located at the banks of River Hinglaj with a rock carved deity in a cave. This temple is ‘kul devta’ (family deity) of many Hindu khatri families of Sindh, Balochistan and also of some of those residing in India and abroad.

In olden times, visiting the temple involved a trek of around 250 kms from Karachi through the hot deserts and hilly terrains. Now, there is a road from Karachi which takes about 4 hours to reach the temple. In the bi-annual pilgrimage which takes place during Navratris in the months of April and October, thousands of pilgrim marches on foot to Hinglaj Mata Temple. On the way, pilgrims spend a night at Chandrakoop (Moon Well), a shrine of volcanic mud-filled well. It is believed that if pilgrims confess the sins committed by them during their life time while offering prayer at Chandrakoop, they become free from the sins.

Kalikananda Abadhut, a Bengali monk, wrote a travelogue of his pilgrimage to what he calls ‘Marutirtha Hinglaj’ (‘Desert Pilgrimage of Hinglaj’). Probably, he may have gone on pilgrimage before the partition. Based on this travelogue, Bikash Roy, the producer-director-actor, made a Bangla film with the same title which was released in 1959. The star cast included Bikash Roy as an Ascetic leading a group of pilgrims to Hinglaj Mata temple. Uttam Kumar and Sabitri Chatterjee, who later join the pilgrimage unintentionally, performed the role of a husband and a wife. Other actors included Anil Chatterjee, Pahari Sanyal, Chandrabati Devi, Sandhya Devi etc. The film was shot in Digha  in East Mednipur district of West Bengal whose topography closely matches to that of Hinglaj.

On the recommendation from Pradeep ji (Dr. Pradeep Kumar Shetty) who also pointed out that there was a Hindi song in the film, I watched the film with English sub-titles on a video sharing platform. The story of the film is as under:

Abadhut, an ascetic (Bikash Roy) is leading a group of pilgrims to Hinglaj Mata temple located in Balochistan. He is assisted by Popatlal (Pahadi Sanyal), Rooplal (Anil Chatterjee) and Bhairabi (Chandrabati Devi). There is also a priest who is conscious of traditions and caste system and expects everyone to follow strictly.

Before the departure from Karachi, Abadhut cautions the pilgrims that it is a long and arduous journey for days involving walking through hot desert sands and hilly tracks. The food is meagre and pilgrims will have to spend nights without any shelters. Since the water is scarce in the desert, Abadhut advises pilgrims not to share their water with others. All the pilgrims during the journey are to behave as ascetic and worked selflessly for other pilgrims when they are in need of assistance.

Abadhut also tells the story and significance of pilgrimage to Hinglaj Mata temple. When Lord Vishnu scattered the body of Sati all over the Indian sub-continent, the head fell on Hinglaj and thus became the holiest place among the 51 Shaktipeeths. Whoever has committed the sins, they can visit Hinglaj Mata temple only after confessing the sins at Chandrakoop, a volcanic shrine, located on the way to Hinglaj temple. Lord Ram is said to have visited Hinglaj to wash off the sin committed by him by killing Ravan.

While Abadhut is giving guidance to the pilgrims, there is a couple who have taken shelter at pilgrims’ base camp. They are Thirumal (Uttam Kumar) and Kunti (Sabitri Chatterjee). Kunti, a daughter of a wealthy merchant is already married but her husband has been missing for the last two years. She takes the help of Thirumal, a fake astrologer for finding her husband. During their meetings, they become close to each other. One day, Kunti runs away with Thirumal and they get married at the temple. But the society refuses to accept their marriage as her first husband is supposed to be alive though missing and both of them belong to different caste. After failing to find shelter, they are on the run and finally they take refuge in Karachi base camp of pilgrims.

Kunti suggests Thirumal to let follow the pilgrims so that at least for some days, they are safe. But Thirumal refuses. However, in the night a person tries to molest Kunti. Next morning, Thirumal agrees to be the part of the pilgrims. But by the time, pilgrims caravan has already left. Both try to catch up with the pilgrims but they have gone too far and taken a shelter during noon to avoid the harsh sun. Abadhut notices that a couple are walking towards him from quite a distance and then suddenly they fall on the sand. He sends his other pilgrims to look for them. They are brought to the pilgrims’ shelter in unconscious state. After few hours, they regain consciousness. Thirumal tells his story as to how he has grown up in Kolkata as an orphan and did all sorts of illegal work including stealing and how he met Kunti and got married. While catching up with the pilgrims, on the way, they were waylaid by dacoits and Kunti was raped.

After hearing the story, some pilgrims do not want Thirumal and Kunti as part of pilgrimage as they have committed the sins. After the incident, Kunti also feels that she is the sinner for loving Thirumal and a disgraceful woman because of which they are facing all sorts of problems in their life. So, she turns ascetics cutting off her relations with Thirumal who is devastated. He exhibits bouts of insanity. However, despite the murmur of protests from pilgrims, Abadhut takes care of both of them by postponing the journey by one day.

Next day, pilgrims start a long day’s journey. On the way, some pilgrims get dehydrated and are taken care by other pilgrims. But the priest is not able to walk. So Thirumal takes him on his back and walks towards the destination which is Chandrakoop. However, Thirumal suddenly feels suffocated as he is not able to remove the hands of the priest around his neck. He collapses unconscious. It transpires that the priest had already died on the way and Thirumala was carrying his corpse on his back  This event results in Thirumal getting once again the bout of madness. He leaves the caravan and walk aimlessly. In no time, he is found missing. Other pilgrims have no strength to search for him. They think that Thirumal would eventually return.

Finally, pilgrims reach Chandrakoop. After the bath, they visit the shrine of volcanic mud well to offer prayer and also to make the confession of their sins. If the confession is true, the muddy water in Chandrakup continues to boil. Otherwise it stops boiling. While Kunti is about to make her confession, she sees Thirumal on the opposite side on the top of a hillock. But in the streak of madness, Thirumal jumps in the boiling muddy water of Chandrakoop and gets submerged, never to return.

The journey continues to Hinglaj Mata temple and pilgrims complete the prayers. They are now on the return journey. However, Abadhut, Bhairabi and Kunti takes a detour and in the process, they lose direction. The long walk makes them dehydrated and fall on the sand unconscious. Some of the pilgrims rescue them but not Kunti who after regaining consciousness, had already proceeded towards Chandrakoop and jumped into the boiling mud well to join her husband, Thirumal. The bond which was cursed during their life time has become divine with their death.

The director has nicely attempted to make the pilgrims’ journey to run along with moral journey. The pilgrims’ group is a mix of all classes and caste but a priest in the group laments that pilgrims have forgotten the traditions and customs. He does not like to be touched by other pilgrims. He is uncomfortable with Abadhut drinking tea with local tribals. But when the priest gets dehydrated and requires to be carried, it is Thirumal, a sinner according to the priest, who carries him on his shoulder. It is the irony that the priest who is the strong follower of the traditions and religious customs, upon his death,  his last rites is carried out  in the desert without any religious ceremony.

There are few among the pilgrims who are of the opinion that it is a sin to allow Thirumal and Kunti to accompany them in the pilgrimage as they are the sinners. It is once again Abadhut who makes them understand that they need to weigh between sin and compassion. Otherwise abandoning both of them in the desert would tantamount to abetment of their death which is a sin. Lastly, those who are branding them as sinners have also committed the sins. Otherwise why they should visit Chandrakoop to confess their sins to get them washed off. And a confession made by one of the assistants, Popatlal is the worst kind as it related to infanticide.

The film makes us to ponder what is sin and what is virtuous. Perhaps, the answer lies in two lines of Sahir Ludhianvi in a song from ‘Chitralekha’ (1964):

ye paap hai kya ye punya hai kya
reeton par dharm ki moharen hain

‘Marutirtha Hinglaj’ (1959) has three non-Bangla songs of which two are vedic chants in Sanskrit. The third song is a Naat, “Tu Nishaan-e-Benishaan Hai” sung by Shankar-Shambhu Qawwaal and chorus. Lyrics writer is not known. Perhaps it may have been mentioned in the credit titles of the film which is displayed only in Bengali. The Naat is set to music by Hemant Kumar.

The situation of the song is that when the pilgrims take the halt for the day, Abadhut notices a bulky man coming from the opposite direction. He is Khan Sahab who has come to invite the pilgrims to his place where they can rest in shades and also have the advantage of having a well. He also invite pilgrims  to  join his group for the prayer in praise of the Almighty.

Video

Audio

Song – Tu Nishaan e Benishaan Hai (Marutirath Hinglaj) (1959) Singer – Shankar Shambhu Qawwaal, Lyrics – [Unknown], MD – Hemant Kumar
Chorus

Lyrics

ae ae ae
aa aa aa
tu nishaan-e-benishaan hai
tu bahaare-e-sarmadi hai. . .
tera dekhna ibaadat
ibaadat
tera dekhna ibaadat
teri yaad zindagi hai..
tera dekhna ibaadat
aa aa aa aa
teri yaad zindagi hai
aa aa aa aa
tera dekhna ibaadat
 
aa aa aa aa
ye sahi hai pur khata hoon
magar hoon to tera banda aa
ye sahi hai pur khata hoon
magar hoon to tera banda aa
tu agar mujhe nibha le
nibha le
tu agar mujhe nibha le..
teri banda parwari hai..
tu agar mujhe nibha le
aa aa aa aa
teri banda parwari hai
(aa aa aa aa)
tu agar mujhe nibha le
 
aa aa aa
mera daaman-e-gadaai
tere aage kyun na phaile ae
tera mulk do jahaan hain
tere ghar mein kya kami hai. . .
tera mulk do jahaan hai
tere ghar mein kya kami hai. . .
aa aa aa aa
tera mulk jo jahaan hai
 
tere dar pe sajde karna
ho karna
tere dar pe sajde karna
tujhe yaad kar ke rona aa
yehi hai namaaz meri
ho meri
yehi hai namaaz meri
yehi meri bandagi hai..
ye hi hai namaaz meri
aa aa aa aa
yehi meri bandagi hai..
aa aa aa aa
yehi hai namaaz meri
meri ee. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ए ए ए
आ आ आ
तू निशान ए बेनिशां है
तू बहार ए सरमदी है॰ ॰ ॰
तेरा देखना इबादत
इबादत
तेरा देखना इबादत
तेरी याद ज़िंदगी है॰॰
तेरा देखना इबादत
आ आ आ आ
तेरी याद ज़िंदगी है
आ आ आ आ
तेरा देखना इबादत
आ आ आ आ

ये सही है पुर ख़ता हूँ
मगर हूँ तो तेरा बंदा आ
ये सही है पुर ख़ता हूँ
मगर हूँ तो तेरा बंदा आ
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले॰॰
तेरी बंदा परवरी है
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले
आ आ आ आ
तेरी बंदा परवरी है
आ आ आ आ
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले

आ आ आ
मेरा दामन ए गदाई
तेरे आगे क्यों ना फैले
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है
तेरे घर में क्या कमी है॰ ॰ ॰
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है
तेरे घर में क्या कमी है॰ ॰ ॰
आ आ आ
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है

तेरे दर पे सजदे करना
हो करना
तेरे दर पे सजदे करना
तुझे याद करके रोना आ
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
हो मेरी
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
यही मेरी बंदगी है॰॰
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
आ आ आ आ
यही मेरी बंदगी है॰॰
आ आ आ आ
यही है नमाज़
मेरी॰ ॰ ॰


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1211
Total Number of movies covered =4321

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