Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1946’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

What is common among Sulochana (real name: Ruby Mayer), Rose (Rose Musleah), Pramila (Easther Victoria Abraham), Sabita Devi (Iris Gasper) and Ramola Devi (Rachel Cohen)?

They all were Jews (almost all of them being Baghdadi Jews) hailing from Calcutta (Kolkata) and were star actresses in Hindi films during 1930s and 40s. Barring Ramola Devi, all of them started their filmy career with silent films. It is surprising that those days when oriental women were mostly relegated to the four walls of their homes, how these Baghdadi Jew actresses found their way to the film industry which was not regarded as a respectable profession even in their Middle-East culture. To understand this, it is necessary to go into the genesis of Baghdadi Jews in India.

Some Baghdadi Jews migrated to India sometime in the beginning of 18th century from Iraq and other Middle-East countries to escape religious persecution and for better business opportunity. Once in India, they quickly adapted to the British culture. The children were educated in convent schools run by Christian missionaries. Over a period of time, they switched over from Arabic to English as language of communication within the families. By virtue of education and a good command over English, Baghdadi Jews got the employment opportunity with British companies and Government organisations. The woman folks mostly worked as teacher, nurse, telephone operators and secretaries.

During the early stage of film industry in India, the producers found it hard to get female actors as those days joining film industry was not regarded as a respectable profession by most of the Hindus and Muslim families. On the other hand, the Baghdadi Jews families living in Calcutta were liberal in this respect. Moreover, the Indian audiences’ weakness for the fair skin was a favourable proposition for film producers to get the Baghdadi Jews and Anglo-Indians as actress for their films.

In this article, I am discussing one of star actresses belonging to Baghdadi Jew family of Calcutta. And the star actress is Rose Musleah, who was known as Rose or Miss Rose in the film industry.

I had given a short profile of Miss Rose in my article hamen kyaa ab khizaan jaaye na jaaye. Arun ji had also given a short profile of her in his article aayenge saajna aayenge. Sometime back, I had read a detailed interview of Rose taken by Susheela Rani Patel in November 1941 issue of ‘Filmindia’ Magazine. But the thought of writing an article on her came to my mind now only as I have mp3 clips of a couple of her rare songs.

I also used information on Rose that was available in the other featured sections of ‘Filmindia’ in its various issues from 1937 to 1945. For Baghdadi Jews in India, some of the information has been taken from the articles appearing on the internet in connection with production of a documentary film ‘Shalome Bollywood – The Untold Story of Indian Cinema’ in which the contributions of Indian Jewish artists would be covered. The documentary is yet to be released.

Rose was born on June 19, 1911 in a wealthy Baghdadi Jew family in Calcutta (Kolkata). Her father was the private secretary to Sir B B Banerjee, the Consul General of Costa Rica who was the son-in-law of Maharaja Jatindra Mohan Tagore. At the age of 15, Rose passed Senior Cambridge examination and was set to become a doctor. However, her father was not in favour of her further studies and instead at the age of 16, he got her married to a boy from Ezra family. The marriage ended in a divorce by which time she had two daughters from him.

Like father, Rose became a private secretary in a British company. Side by side, she also became an instructor for Ball Room dancing. Because of her flair for dancing and acting apart from being an attractive looking girl, her friends suggested her to take up the acting career. This prompted her to join the stage under Agha Hashr Kashmiri, the famous poet and playwright of that time. Under his tutelage, Rose learnt to speak fluent Hindustani and improved her acting skill.

After getting experience of acting on the stage, Rose met J F Madan of Madan Theatre with a letter of recommendation from the owner of Tollywood Studio and joined the banner. [I, however, find her first film to be the silent film ‘The Culprit’ aka ‘Apraadhi’ (1931) produced under the banner of Barua Film Unit]. Her first talky film with Madan Theatre was ‘Pati Bhakti’ (1932). Thereafter she worked in ‘Hindustan’ (1932), ‘Alladin Aur Jaadui Chiraag’ (1933), ‘Turki Sher’ (1933) and other 5-6 films.

In 1935, Rose shifted to Bombay (Mumbai) and joined Imperial Film Company for a two-year contract. ‘Hamaari Betiyaan’ aka ‘Our Darling Daughters’ (1936) was her first film with Imperial in which she shared the star cast with her cousin Pramila. This was followed by ‘Ghulam Daaku’ (1936) and ‘Do Auraten’ aka ‘Two Women’ (1937).

After the end of the contract, Rose joined Saroj Movietone and worked in their films ‘Kal Ki Baat’ (1937) and ‘Rifle Girl’ (1938). After her stint with Saroj Movietone, Rose seems to have become a freelancer as she did Sagar Movietone’s ‘Hum Tum Aur Who’ (1938), Saraswati Cinetone’s ‘Sach Hai’ (1939), National Studios’ ‘Sanskaar’ (1940), ‘Kasauti’ (1941) and ‘Garib’ (1942), Ranjit Moveitone’s ‘Adhuri Kahaani’ (1939) and ‘Aaj Kaa Hindustan’ (1940), Kishore Sahu’s ‘Bahurani’ (1940), Prakash Pictures’ ‘Maala’ (1941) and Prabaht’s ‘Nayi Kahaani’ (1943).

In the interview, Rose had said that since she had two growing daughters, she wanted to have the flexibility of working in the films according to her convenience and as a freelancer she could get that freedom. However, it would appear that in trying to balance her career with family responsibilities, she missed her career in the later years as I find that in 1944, she did not have any films for release. In 1945, she had only one film ‘Ramayani’ (1945). Her filmy career ended with ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’ (1946).

Rose worked in 28 films during 1931 to 1946. Unfortunately, only one of her film, ‘Nayi Kahaani’ (1943) is available for viewing. From the reviews of some of her films of 1940 and thereafter, it appears that she had done mostly the role of an educated and sophisticated girl.

I could not get the information as to how Rose spent her life after her ‘retirement’ from the films. All I know is that during 1940s, she was staying in Keval Mahal at Marine Drive. And those days, it was a status symbol for successful film stars to stay in Marine Drive in buildings like, Keval Mahal, Kapur Mahal, Zaver Mahal, Krishna Mahal (all these buildings are adjunct to each other).

Rose had two daughters – Marjorie and Cynthia. Cynthia was 87 when her interview was taken in her apartments in Las Angles (USA) sometime in 2015 in connection with the documentary film I referred to above. I guess Marjorie remained in Mumbai until her death if I go by a comment of her daughter Rachel Reuben, the super model and now a film editor, in an article which appeared in ‘Outlook’, July 2006.

Coming to the song, I have selected a rare song ‘qismat mein koi sukh nahin’ rendered by Rose from an obscure film ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’ (1946). The film was produced under the banner of Star Productions (Ratanbai’s film production company) and was directed by Ramnik Desai. The star cast included Rose, Shahu Modak, Durga Khote, Shantarin, Chandabai, Majeed, Zillo etc. The film had 9 songs written by Wahid Qureshi which were set to music by Mustaq Hussain (Ustad Mustaq Hussain Khan of Bareilly), probably based on Raag Malkauns.

With this song, the film ‘Daasi Yaa Maa’(1946) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Qismat mein koi sukh nahin (Daasi Ya Maa)(1946) Singer-Miss Rose, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Mushtaq Hussain

Lyrics

qismet mein koi sukh nahin
dil mein koi khushi nahin
qismet mein koi sukh nahin
dil mein koi khushi nahin
mere liye to zindagi
maut hai zindagi nahin
mere liye to zindagi
maut hai zindagi nahin

hansna bhi chaahoon main agar
aansoo nikal paden abhi
hansna bhi chaahoon main agar
aansoo nikal paden abhi
honthon pe aaye kyon hansi
qismet mein jab hansi nahin
honthon pe aaye kyon hansi
qismet mein jab hansi nahin

maut ki aur baat hai
maut ki aur baat hai
maut kathin sahi magar
maut kathin sahi magar
jab ke na koi aas ho
jeena bhi dillagi nahin
jab ke na koi aas ho
jeena bhi dillagi nahin
———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
क़िस्मत में कोई सुख नहीं
दिल में कोई खुशी नहीं
क़िस्मत में कोई सुख नहीं
दिल में कोई खुशी नहीं
मेरे लिए तो ज़िन्दगी
मौत है ज़िन्दगी नहीं
मेरे लिए तो ज़िन्दगी
मौत है ज़िन्दगी नहीं

हँसना भी चाहूँ मैं अगर
आँसू निकाल पड़ें अभी
हँसना भी चाहूँ मैं अगर
आँसू निकाल पड़ें अभी
होठों पे आए क्यों हंसी
क़िस्मत में जब हंसी नहीं
होठों पे आए क्यों हंसी
क़िस्मत में जब हंसी नहीं

मौत की और बात है
मौत की और बात है
मौत कठिन सही मगर
मौत कठिन सही मगर
जब के ना कोई आस हो
जीना भी दिल्लगी नहीं
जब के ना कोई आस हो
जीना भी दिल्लगी नहीं


Advertisements

This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Arab Ka Sitaara”(1946) was directed by Nanubhai Vakil for Roshan Pictures, Bombay. This obscure movie, describe as a costume drama in HFGK, had Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Cuckoo, Rafi, Ansari, P D Lal, Malka, Hemlata, Agha Shapur etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Details about the singers of these songs are not known for any of these songs.

A few songs from this movie are available and so one can guess about the singers of this song.

And guess what ! This movie has at least two songs that were sung by Rafi ! Seeing that Rafi was struggling to make his mark as a playback singer in 1946, these solo songs sung by him in this movie must be one of his earliest songs in HFM.Indeed it was just the 11th solo song in HFM for Rafi in his fledgeling career.

Today, on the occasion of Eid, here is this devotional song from “Arab Ka Sitaara”(1946). Rafi is the singer. Shewan Rizvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by S Qureshy.

On looking at the cast, I find a name called Rafi. Could this be this Rafi ! It is known that he had acted in “Laila Majnu”(1945) and “Jugnu”(1947). So why he could not act in this movie ? I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this movie as well as on my guess about Rafi in this movie.

With this song, “Arab Ka Sitaara”(1946) makes its debut in the blog.


Song-Milta hai kya namaaz mein sajde mein jaa ke dekh le (Arab ka Sitaara)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-S Qureshy

Lyrics

milta hai kya namaaz mein
sajde mein jaa ke dekh le
milta hai kya namaaz mein
sajde mein jaa ke dekh le
hoga khuda ke saamne
sar ko jhuka ke dekh le
hoga khuda ke saamne
sar ko jhuka ke dekh le

fikr o alam
na koi gham
hoga tujhe teri kasam
fikr o alam
na koi gham
hoga tujhe teri kasam
thhodi si der ke liye
masjid mein aa ke dekh le
thhodi si der ke liye
masjid mein aa ke dekh le

leti hai bas usi ka naam
kaliyaan chaman mein subah shaam
kaliyaan chaman mein subah sham
leti hai bas usi ka naam
kaliyaan chaman mein subah shaam
kaliyaan chaman mein subah sham
aankhon se bekhudi ke tu
parde hata ke dekh le
aankhon se bekhudi ke tu
parde hata ke dekh le

duniya ko dekhta hai kya
rab se bhi apni lau laga
duniya ko dekhta hai kya
rab se bhi apni lau laga
karke neeyat namaaz ki
jalwe khuda ke dekh le
karke neeyat namaz ki
jalwe khuda ke dekh le
milta hai kya namaaz mein
sajde mein jaake dekh le


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Khamosh Nigaahen”(1946) was produced by Roop K Shorey and directed by Moti B Gidwani for Shorey Pictures, Lahore. This movie had Pran, Manorama, Al Nasir, Majnooon, Jauhar, Zahoor Shah, Iqbal Sheikh, Kamla, Nafees, Neeta, Haidari, Fazal Shah etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Dhadkan” (1947) was directed by Zahoor Raja for Raja Movietone, Bombay. This by now forgotten movie had Zahoor Raja, Jyoti, Mishra, Murad, Chandrika etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Time to Yippeee another film. Today’s film is ‘Humjoli’ – not the one from 1970, but the one from way back in 1946. This film has 10 songs listed in the Geet Kosh. Nine songs have already been showcased here on our blog. The last song for this film was posted in November last year. In that post, Atul ji has commented that the 10th song appears to be elusive, and is yet to be uploaded online. Today, as I checked for this song, I am unable to track it anywhere as yet. I could be wrong, as I have been earlier, maybe just limited by the way I searched for it. So I decided to upload this from my collection.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Atul ji’s 10K Song Milestone Celebrations – 11
———————————————————————-

#Claimer 🙂 #
“All the thoughts expressed in this write-up are based on real life experience and day to day happenings, feelings, and emotions triggered by such incidences related with the blog and because of the love, admiration and respect for this blog”
Any ‘resemblance’ of the thoughts mentioned in the write-up is very much expected (and is not a mere ‘coincidence’) with ‘everyman’/ ‘everywoman’s thoughts who is ‘Hindi movie buff’ and lover of HFM for which the author should not be held responsible or criticized or punished in ‘any’ form 🙂
Also, as this is the ‘man ki baat’ of the author the ‘word limit’ does not matter 🙂

 This is another one of my long pending posts which I longed to share since couple of years now. I had kept this song reserved for a ‘special occasion’. However as the write-up could not be completed in time, I missed some ‘special occasions’ and so this still remained to be shared.

But then, what could be a better timing and a ‘greater occasion’ than it is to celebrate our Atul ji’s ‘10,000th post’.  So, here we go with this post today heartily Congratulating Atul ji on his 10,000 or 10K posts on the blog!!!
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

BINDIYA (1946) was produced under the banner of Sun Art Pictures and was directed by Chimanlal Luhar. The star cast included Amar, Ragini, E Billimoria, Kamal Zamindar, Leela Mishra, Pratima Devi, Shakir, Bhagwandas, Leela Pawar etc. The film was reviewed in August 1946 issue of ‘Filmindia’. I was surprised to find for a change that the review was somewhat lengthier than the usual. After reading the review, I came to know as to why it was so. The additional length of the review was utilised for heavily criticising the director of the film for his inapt handling of the emotional scenes and for Prabhulal Dwivedi, the story writer for the film story based on a mix of several mythological stories.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Mera Geet”(1946), a social movie, was a production of Jayshakti Pictures, Bombay. Names of its producer and director are not known. This movie had Naseem Junior, Susheel Kumar, Leela Pawar, Vikram Kapoor, Mehndi Raja, Bholaram, Kashinath, Chiman Seth, Baby Tara, Shalini, Nalini, Heera Date, Chandrika, Om Prakash Sharma, Mukri, Aathwale etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Unlike advanced nations, preserving history is given little importance in India. Hindi film music is no exception. Governnment and Hindi movie industry, who naturally have the biggest say in this field have not taken any concrete steps to preserve (and share) the artifacts of this art form.

So, it is left to private individuals who through their efforts have managed to preserve it and who share it with other music lovers.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Chamakti Bijli”(1946) was produced by Homi Master for Central Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Sulochana, E Bilimoria, M Elizer, Chemist, Suleman, Ghani, Sheikh, Mehnidi Raza, Mohammad Ali, Shrimati Nadira etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2017) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 13500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3300 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

13529

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1015
Total Number of movies covered =3712

Total visits so far

  • 9,576,593 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,113 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Archives

Current Visitors

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Stumble

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 3250 days.

%d bloggers like this: