Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1946’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4641 Post No. : 16303

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2011-2021) – Song No.21
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This day ten years ago was 2 April 2011. That day, a saturday, saw as many as six songs (from six different movies) getting covered in the blog.

Here are the details:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
3722 Bhagwaan mere gyaan ke deepak ko jalaa de Pujaari(1946) 4 songs covered out of 10 so far
3723 Sab kuchh lutaayaa hamne aakar teri gali mein Chunariyaa(1948) 7 songs covered out of 10 so far
3724 Dekho dekho jee piyaa milan ke din aaye Darogaji(1949) 11 songs covered out of 12 so far
3725 Pardesi se lag gayi preet re Jaan Pehchaan(1950) Movie YIPPEED by now
3726 Nainaa hain jaadoo bhare Bedard Zamaanaa Kyaa Jaane(1959) Movie YIPPEED by now
3727 Raat chup hai chaandni madhosh hai Ustaadon Ke Ustaad(1963) Movie YIPPEED by now

Six songs from six different movies in a day ! So that was a normal day for the blog. Right ! Not really. This day ten years ago was a special day not only for me but for many millions others. It was a day when India vs Sri Lanka world cup cricket final was being played at Mumbai. Exactly ten years have passed. But the memories of that day and also memories of the days pereceding the final are still fresh in my mind.

The final post of the blog was posted at 12:31 PM and then I began to follow the final on TV, which was a day night match.

That tournament was emotionally quite a draining experience for me, and for millions of other cricket lovers as well.

The emotional toll on the Indian cricket lovers began not in 2011 but from the previous world cup of 2007. In that world cup, an overconfident and complacent Indian team lost to Bangladesh in their inaugural match. That loss saw them bow out of the world cup at the group stage itself. A most humiliating and inglorious world cup exit it was.

Heads rightly rolled after that.

A few months later, another world cup of a new kind called T20 world cup was organised. BCCI, smarting from the ODI world cup fiasco, did not want to participate, but ICC arm twisted them into participating in it. BCCI responded by sending a team shorn of stars. It was led by a freshly anointed captain in Dhoni. All big names (Tendulkar. Dravid, Ganguly, Kumble, Zaheer Khan) were missing from the team. Names like Gambhir, Rohit Sharma, Yusuf Pathan, Joginder Sharma, R P Singh were included. This reluctantly sent team, against all odds, went on to lift the T20 world cup title ! And the erstwhile reluctant BCCI suddenly turned T20 enthusiast. They soon devised a T20 tournament called T20 and showed ECB how to market T20 and rake in unimaginable amount of money while at it.

Enthused by the success of India in 2007 T20 world cup, BCCI bid to host ODI world cup in India and neighbouring countries and succeeded in the bid. It was similar to BCCI bid in 1987, after their team’s unexpected win in the 1983 world cup.

2007 ODI World cup saw India (and also Pakistan) getting eliminated in the grouop stages itself. Indian elimination after just three matches meant that many Indian fans (who constitute the biggest cricket following group in the world) lost interest in the world cup after Indian elimination. Espn star sports, that had won the TV rights to telecast this world cup may have lost heavily due to this. So the format of 2011 was changed. Now there were two groups of 7 teams each. Top four finishers of each group qualified for the quarterfinals. This format (similar of the format of 1996 world cup) ensured that good teams would not get eliminated because of one bad day in the tournament. Each team would play six matches in group stage. A team could qualify even if they finished fourth in the group after losing two matches. So, teams like India and Pakistan would not get eliminated after one bad match. Similarly teams like Bangladesh and Ireland (that had one good day against India and Pakistan respectively), will not qualify after just one fluke win.

And that is exactly how it happened. India qualified by finishing second in the group whereas Pakistan qualified after topping their group. Bangladesh this time were soundly thrashed not only by India, but also by South Africa and West Indies. They did score one lucky win against England, but that solitary win failed to ensure their qualification.

Qualifying for the knockout was easy this time for India, but if they wanted to advance deep into the knockout stage then they needed to finish at the top. While India won against every other team, and they were very well placed against South Africa at 267/1, Indian batting collapsed inexplicably and they were bowled out for 296, losing 9 wickets for 29 runs and snatched defeat from the jaws of victory. This result made them finish second in the group. Reward- they were pitted against defending champions Australia in the quarterfinals, who were world champions for three world cups in a row. Fortunately, Indians showed nerves to steel and went on to defeat Australia in the semi final. Their “reward”- a semi final meeting against Pakistan- a team that had no weak link in bowling. In this semi final, Indian batting struggled throughout. Tendulkar top scored with 85 after half a dozen reprieves through dropped catches, DRS review overturned an onfield out decision etc. Thanks to some valuable runs by Raina towards the end, India reached 260, their lowest total in the tournament. In the prevous match, India had chased 260 against Australia, and thewre was no reason why Pakistan could not do the same. Thankfully, Pakistan kept losing wixckets at crucial moments, just when it looked that they had things in control, and India sneaked through by 29 runs.

Final was against Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka were a side that had players eminently suited for this world cup conditions. They had some batsmen who could remorselessly pile on the runs and they had spinners who controlled the middle overs and choked runs. Sri Lanka had lost only one match, and that was against Pakistan, their nemesis team in world cups. Otherwise they were unbeaten. Their match against Australia was washed out. They defeated other opponents with ease. In the quarter final, they restricted England score and chased that with ease. They did the same against New Zealand in the semi final.

In the final, Sri Lanka won the toss and batted first. They piled on a big total of 274/6. Mahela Jaywardane, as was his wont, scored an unbeaten century.

When India began their chase, Sehwag was out for a second ball duck. India 0 for 1. Six overs later, Tendulkar too fell. India 31 for 2 and in deep trouble. Memories of world cup final 2003 chase began to haunt Indian fans, when India were 59 for three and were never in the game after that. With my experience, I had learnt the lesson that Tendulkar and Sehwag would perform in group matches, but not in the final. So both of them letting the side down in the big final was par for the course.

Fortunately, this team had Gautam Gambhir, who would perform in the final. He had performed in the World T20 Final in 2007 which India had won. Here too, he, in the company of rising star Virat Kohli began to repair the damage. The two took the score to 114, when Kohli fell. Target was 161 runs away, and India had to score at an asking rate of 5.7 for more than 28 overs. The Sri Lankan attack had not allowed any team other than Pakistan to score so many runs in this tournament. The next batsman scheduled to come in was Yuvraj. He had a great world cup with bat and ball, but he had fallen for a first ball duck in the semi final. And here, against Muralitharan, he would have been like a cat on the hot tin roof. As Kohli departed, fans were greeted by the sight of not Yuvraj, but Dhoni emerging out of the pavilion.

Gambhir and Dhoni saw off the threats of Muralitharan and co. The Sri Lankan modus operandi in this world cup was to harvest loads of wickets in the middle overs and cripple the opposition batting line up, which would then collapse to a total smaller than 230. Only Pakistan (batting first) had scored 277 against them. Sri Lanka had restricted England to 229 in the quarterfinal, New Zealand to 217 (in semi final) and 153 (in group match). Zimbabwe scored 188, Kenya 142, and Canada 122 against sri Lanka. So with the exception of Pakistan (batting first) no other team had succeeded in handling Sri Lankan bowling attack in the tournament.

Gambhir and Dhoni dented the Sri Lankan bowling attack. India were 223 when Gambhir had a momentary brain fade and he was out bowled for 97, when he was so close to a well deserved century. Only 41 runs were needed in 8.4 overs. Only seven more overs were needed to reach the winning total. Dhoni sealed the match with a well chronicled six.

That win now meant that India had won the ODI world cup in this century itself and we were no longer confined to reminisce and gloat about the title win in the past century. So someone like Ashish Nehra too joined the ranks of 1983 “pundit” like Madanlal as someone who is much in demand as TV cricket expert thanks to that world cup title victory in 1983. 🙂

Present generation cricket lovers can now honestly say that they were around when India won the ODI world cup. 🙂 People like us are of course luckier. We saw Indian world cup win in 1983 too. 🙂

On that day ten years ago, one song of “Pujaari”(1946) was covered in the blog. “Pujaari”(1946) was directed by Aspi for Ardeshir M Irani Productions, Bombay. The movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Masood, Bipin Gupta,Mustafa,P.D.Lal, Yashwant Dave, Anita Sharma, Tasneem, Baby Mumtaz Aka Madhubala etc in it. This movie had ten songs in it and four songs have been covered so far.

Today, exactly ten years later, here is another song from “Pujaari”(1946) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Feroz Dastoor. ali Sahab is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

This post appears late at night. At this time ten years ago, entire India had burst into wild celebrations just as Dhoni hit the winning six and then the team as performing a victory lap around the Wankhede stadium.

Audio link:

Song-Piyaa milan ko chali kaamini karke haar singaar (Pujaari)(1946) Singer-Feroz Dastoor, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Hansraj Bahl

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

piyaa milan ko o o o
piyaa milan ko
chaley kaamini
karke haar singaa..aa..aaar
karke haar singaar
naainan mein raadhaa ki moorat
naainan mein raadhaa ki moorat
man mein Krishna muraar..aa…aaar
mann mein Krishna muraar
haan aan aan haaan aaan
piyaa milan ko chaley kaamini
karke haar singaaa..aar
karke haar singaar

taaron ki chhaiyyaan mein uthhkar
chupke chupke mandar jaanaa
pawan chaley ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
pawan chaley to dar kar ruknaa..aaa
pawan chaley to dar kar ruknaa
ruk kar
apnaa
haath ??aanaa
ruk kar
apnaa
haath ??aanaa
chhip chhip karnaa pyaa…aaar
chhip chhip karnaa pyaar aa..aaa…aan..aa
piyaa milan ko chaley kaamini
karke haar singaa..aar
karke haar singaar

honthon pe geethon ka raainaa
naainan se gangajal behnaa
mann hi mann mein ae ae
mann hi mann mein
mann behlaakar
mann behlaakar
mukh par
pee kaa
naam naa laakar
mukh par pee ka naam naa laakar
degi tann mann waa..aaar
degi tann mann wa..aa..aaar
aaa..aaa..aaa…aaa
piyaa milan ko
aa..aaan..aaan…aaan
piyaa milan ko chaley kaamini
karke haar singaa..aaar
karke haar singaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4595 Post No. : 16220

Today’s song is the 4th song from the film Ghunghat-1946 to be discussed here. The first 2 songs were posted by Mrs. Nahm ji and then Atul ji discussed the 3rd one. What is so special about this obscure film that 4 songs are discussed here ? Nothing really. It’s just a coincidence. Actually, Rafi’s early songs attracted Nahm ji and I was also eager to listen to the fresh voice of Mohd. Rafi, from his early career.

If one takes a look at the Excel sheet of Rafi songs, so kindly made and given to friends by Muveen ji of the USA, one finds that in the first 7 years, i.e. from 1944 to 1950 (both included), Rafi had sung only 376 songs, which averages out to a poor figure of 4.8 songs – say 5 songs roughly – per month. Not a very encouraging figure. But mind you, this is only an average. Actually, the yearwise songs he sang are as following –

Year Number of songs Remarks
1944 3 songs
1945 12 songs
1946 39 songs
1947 28 songs He had gone to his native place to look after family in view of the Partition, but came back in time to sing for film Saajan-47
1948 58 songs
1949 129 songs
1950 107 songs

From 1951 there was no looking back and the graph was upwards till the end (even in the so-called “Kishore wave” of the early 70s). While reading the book “RAFINAMA” by eminent film historian Isak Mujawar, I collected some interesting data. Some of it was discussed about 4-5 years ago, but now I have added some more to it . Here it is for our readers.

Mohd. Rafi, no doubt, was a versatile singer. Like Lata, when he came on the scene of playback singing-after considerable hard work and struggle- one by one, he replaced the old singers who sang in the films.

Ashok Kumar’s singing spree stopped when Rafi sang for him in the film Saajan-47.
Ishwarlal stopped singing when Rafi sang for him in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.
Shahu Modak stopped after Chakradhari-54.
W.M.Khan after Aalam Ara-56.
G.M.Durrani after Lal Pathar-71.
Karan Dewan after Duniya-49.
N M Charlie after Zameen ke Tare-60.
Balak Ram after Shri Ram Bharat Milan-65.
Moti Sagar after Paak Daman-57.
Man Mohan krishna after Basant bahar-56.

Mohd. Rafi even sang for some composers who used to sing in films
S N Tripathi -Pawanputra hanuman-57
Snehal Bhatkar-Bawre Nain-50 ( he was doing a Beggar’s role) and
Sudhir Sen- Saat Phere-70

Rafi was the only male playback singer who sang with 3 major singer actresses
Noorjehan-Jugnu-47
Khursheed- Aage Badho-47 and
Suraiya- many (13) films.

Coming from a very humble beginning and after hard work and struggle, Rafi had his ups and downs in his career. Like any other big and popular star, he too had his critics,detractors and people who tried to use him. Though he understood their game, he never reacted adversely and always acted very professionally. Ace composer Anil Biswas never liked Rafi’s singing and he had openly passed a remark to that effect ( which,of course, he denied later). However whenever Anil ji called him to sing for him, Rafi always did it professionally, without indicating anything else. Similarly, C.Ramchandra, Roshan, Salil Chaudhari and R D Burman were also not amongst his fans, but he sang for them all, whenever called to do so.

Mohd. Rafi, on his part, had no enemies. He had a clash with leading singer Lata on two counts. One when Lata raised the Royalty issue and two, when Lata’s name came in the Guinness Book for 25000 songs. He however, patched up readily, when interested composers intervened, because his nature was not vengeful basically.

Rafi understood how a small singer would feel and he never refused or hesitated to sing with less known or small time singers( unlike Lata ). Thus Rafi sang with singers like Gandhari (Rane), Razia Begum (sister of actress Suraiya Zulfi), Chandbala, Chand Burke, Kumudini Dikshit, Malti Pandey, Paro Devi, Laxmi Roy ( Geeta Dutt’s sister and Pramod Chakravarty’s wife), Laxmi Shankar, Pramodini Desai Patkar,Nirmala devi, Ramola,Uma Devi, meena Kapoor,Pushpa Huns etc etc. Some of these became well known later on.

Rafi had sung with old timers like Rajkumari ( she was the first female playback singer to sing with him in his career), Zohrabai,Hameeda bano,Lalita Deulkar, Mohantara Talpade etc etc. However when these old timers eclipsed, he sang with the remaining major singers like Asha Bhosle ( 806 songs), Lata ( 344 songs ), Shamshad Begum ( 160 songs ), Suman kalyanpur ( 141 songs ) and also Geeta Dutt, Mubarak Begum, Sudha Malhotra, Usha Mangeshkar etc etc.

Rafi probably was the only male singer who sang for maximum number of father son pairs, viz:
Raj Kapoor- Randhir/Rishi Kapoor
Arun-Govinda
Mumtaz ali-Mehmood
Jayant- Amjad
Premnath-Prem kishen
Balraj-Parikshit
Agha- Jalal Agha
Jeevan- Kiran kumar etc etc

During his career Rafi saw many child stars graduating to adult Heroes. He sang for such actors like Suresh, Anant Marathe, Jagdeep,Vinod Mehra, Sachin, Mahesh kumar, Sudhir Kumar etc .

Among Heroes, he sang maximum songs for Shammi Kapoor-183 songs. In the film Basant, he sang 8 songs and in Kashmir ki kali, he sang 7 songs for Shammi kapoor. Rafi sang many songs for Dev and Dilip. For a long time Mukesh and Manna Dey were considered Raj Kapoor’s voice. Rafi sang 31 songs for Raj Kapoor – 7 solos and 24 duets. When Rafi first sang in the film Deedar for Dilip Kumar, Mehboob Khan told Dilip, ” This is your voice. Hereafter sing only in this voice.” Dilip followed the advice till he was lured by Kishore’s voice later on.

As far as Music Directors are concerned, Rafi sang maximum songs for Laxmikant Pyarelal, 369-186 solos, followed by Shankar Jaikishan, 341-216 solo. Surprisingly third number is Chitragupta with 247 songs, Ravi-235, R D Burman-222, O P Nayyar-197-57 solos, Naushad- 149-81 solos and Usha Khanna-114 songs.

Mohd. Rafi respected Chitragupta very much and had always given priority to his recordings. Rafi had said that he truly enjoyed singing Chitragupta’s songs due to their melody.

Of all the singers ( including Saigal) who sang Hindi songs, I consider Rafi a complete, versatile and perfect singer. He was, additionally, a very religious, honest, simple and kind person.

Film Ghunghat-46 was a social film made by Prakash Pictures. Directed by Dr. Shanti Kumar, its music was composed by Shankar rao Vyas, the favourite MD of the prakash Pictures. The cast of the film was Nirmala, Arun Ahuja, Ramesh Sinha, Umakant, Leela Mishra and Khurshid Jr.

Khurshid Jr. – the film’s Heroine – was the eldest daughter of Master Ali Baksh, Music Director and Iqbal Begum, film artiste and one time a famous and popular stage artist of Madon, Alfred and other Drama companies in the Eastern India. The family actually belonged to Sargodha in Punjab, but Khurshid was born in Bombay on 10-4-1930. Being born in a filmi family, the atmosphere was very conducive for Khurshid to join films.

After getting school education upto 12 years of age, she entered films. Her first film was Zameen-43 as a side Heroine. Then came Minerva’s Dr. Kumar-44 and Naghma E Sehra-45 – in which she was the Heroine of Master Vithal. Due to her good acting skill, there was no shortage of film offers. She had to add Jr. to her name , as there was a more famous actress singer Khurshid Bano, already in the film line, in the same period.

Khurshid’s younger sisters Baby Meena (later Meena Kumari) and Baby Madhuri Later actress Madhu- Mehmood’s wife) were also working in films. Khurshid Jr. married her handsome co-star Altaf. who did few films as a Hero but then shifted to side roles soon. After Partition, the couple considered shifting to Pakistan, but decided to stay here as both of her sisters were here and doing better.

As long as Meena Kumari was alive, they were comfortable, but after her demise, they became helpless and went down financially. They had to live in smaller tenement and roles also dwindled. Khurshid Jr. acted in 65 films. Her last film was Oh Bewafa-80. Altaf acted in just 21 films from Sipahi-41 to Pakiza-71. Even Khurshid had also acted in it.

Here is a duet of Nirmala and Mohd. Rafi from this film. Enjoy.


Song-Bhool jaa apne geet puraane naye taraane gaaye jaa (Ghoonghat)(1946) Singers-Nirmala Devi, Rafi, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas
Both
Both + Chorus

Lyrics

Laa
lalalalaalalalalaa
lalalalalaa

haan gaaye ja gaaye ja gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
door gaye vipda ke baadal
sukh ka sooraj aaya
sukh ka sooraj aaya
nayi umangen nayi tarangen
nayi raushni laaya
nayi raushni laaya
tu bhi apne armaanon ki dunia nayi basaaye ja
basaaye ja basaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja

chali hawa lahraati gaati
mahak uthi phulwaari
mahak uthi phulwaari
chali hawa lahraati gaati
mahak uthi phulwaari
mahak uthi phulwaari
jhoom rahi hai aaj meri aasha ki daari daari
jhoom rahi hai aaj meri aasha ki daari daari
naach naach mere man mor
naach naach mere man mor
?? milaaye ja milaaye ja milaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja

laa
lalallalalalala
laalllaa
lalalala

gaaye ja gaaye ja gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye ja
bhool ja apne geet puraane
naye taraane gaaye jaa
door gaye vipda ke baadal
sukh ka sooraj aaya
sukh ka sooraj aaya

nayi umangen nayi tarange nayi roshni laaya
nayi roshni laaya

tu bhi apne armaanon ki
dunia nayi basaaye ja basaaye ja basaaye ja
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa
gaaye jaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4590 Post No. : 16213

Today’s song is from a less known Mythological film, from a decade which had not given many religious films – the 40’s. The film is Uttara Abhimanyu-1946.

In the decade of the 40s, few films were made on religious subjects – compared to the 30s or the 50s. But it is also true that the few such films made in the 40s, like Bharat Milap-42 and Ram Rajya-43, underlined the fact that there was plenty of scope for such films and this fructified in the 50’s decade, which can be called as ” The Golden period of Religious Films”, after it churned out the maximum ever – 124 – Mythological films in 10 years’ time.

These religious films had a direct impact on my early life. Ours was a joint family and our Grandparents were the family heads. In those times ( I am talking of the early 40’s period), not much discussion was entertained on the children’s education. Elders in the family had faith in the school teachers. In those days, teachers worked for their principles to impart knowledge to the children. The fad of ‘ English Medium’ had not yet blossomed fully and usually the primary education was in the Mother tongue only. Our Hyderabad state was a Tri-lingual state, with 8 Telugu speaking districts, 5 Marathi speaking districts and 3 Kannada speaking districts. Being a Muslim ruled state, the official language was Urdu, but to be fair, there was no compulsion of Urdu in education.

I studied in Urdu medium upto 4th standard, about 2 years in Sanskrit when we were in Banares (U.P.), and when finally settled in Hyderabad, I studied in Marathi medium from my 5th to 12th class. Then on, of course it was in English medium only. Though I studied in Marathi medium, the quality of English and Hindi teachers being excellent, my English and Hindi was above average standard. And my 2 habits also helped. One reading books in these languages and seeing films in many languages like Hindi, Marathi, English, Telugu, Kannada and even Tamil.

I was the family ‘Chaperone’, to take the elders of the family to theatres to watch religious films. This made me a lover of these films. This also increased my knowledge about our Mythology and Vedic history. This way, I must have seen almost all the religious films of the 50s and some from the 40s too . However, I don’t remember if I saw the film Uttara Abhimanyu-46.

This Mythological film was directed by Sarvottam Badami and the music was by the specialist S.N.Tripathi. The cast of the film was Shanta Apte (Uttara), Shahu Modak (Abhimanyu), Chhaya Devi (Subhadra), Ashok Kumar (Arjuna), S N Tripathi (Virat) and others. I am surprised why Ashok Kumar’s name was not shown in the Cast in HFGK. It created unnecessary debate whether he was there or not. Some people even opined that Ashok Kumar gave playback to Shahu modak. The fact is, Ashok Kumar was very much there in the film. He never ever gave a playback to anyone in his career. (another such lapse is found in the cast of the film 1857 of 1946. Here the Hero- Surendra’s name is missing from the cast. His solo and duet songs are mentioned. These things happen when such a massive work is done by a single person with great efforts.)

Ashok Kumar was famous as a Romantic hero of Bombay Talkies films. Initially he was very shy to act with Devika Rani and this very style was loved by the audience. In the early part of his career, all his films were Romantic or simple love stories. From film Anjan-41 and then from film Kismet-43 his role type extended to different styles, but he was comfortable in it and in later period of 50s and 60s, he did many such roles. By mid 40s he was an actor with 10 years’ experience.

Our Indian audience keeps fixed images of actors, which is Type casting. Ashok Kumar was with an image of a Romantic hero or a crime film. So, he was not acceptable in any other Genres. He too was awkward in such roles. In the film ‘ Humayun’-45 he had to do a Historical character and here his limitations became evident. The audience laughed at him, when in war gear,in one scene, he had to run some distance. He looked so feminine ! In the same way, in his first Mythological film ” Savitri”-37, where he played Satyavan, he was very uncomfortable. Similarly, in the film Uttara Abhimanyu also he was a clear misfit. Thank God he realised it and never again tried such roles !

The story of the film’s director – Sarvottam Badami – was a real case of “Rags to Riches”. From a lowly Garage Mechanic he rose to become a big name in commercial and Govt. films and then a businessman and a consultant to a big Business House. His whole story is astounding !

Sarvottam Badami was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.
At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the film Harishchandra left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami

also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a NewsReel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head

(Acknowledgement: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The story of the film Uttara Abhimanyu-46 is not known. Abhimanyu was the son of Subhadra (ShriKrishna’s sister) and Arjun. Uttara was the daughter of king Virat, in whose palace the Pandavas spent the last year of their Adnyatvas ( living incognito). It is believed that while in his mother’s stomach, Abhimanyu had learnt the technique of entering a Chakravyuh in war ( a certain formation which is very deceptive to come out of it). At the Mahabharat war, he entered the Chakravyuh of the Kaurava army but was unable to come back, not knowing the technique. In such circumstances, the Kauravas and Karn, Dronacharya etc killed him going against all war rules. However his son Parikshit took revenge after the war.

As far as actress Chhayadevi is concerned, she was a famous actress in Bengal. She just did 11 Hindi films, some of which were Bi-lingual in Hindi and Bangla. She also sang 3 songs in 1 Hindi film. Our Sadanand kamath jii has written a nice Bio on her. Interested readers can read it on this Blog, at this link

Let us now enjoy today’s song by Shanta Apte.


Song-Aaj mere jeevan pathh par kaun ye saathi mila (Uttara Abhimanyu)(1946) Singer- Shanta Apte, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- S N Tripathi

Lyrics

Aaj mere jeevan path par
kaun ye saathi mila
saty hai ki swapn hai ye

kya saty hi main
?? ardhy ?? pushp
abhimanyu ke ban gaye
uttara satya hai ke
swapn hai ye
more man ka mol mera
nitya rahta thhaa akela
more man ka mol mera
nitya rahta thhaa akela
aaj wo itna adheer kyon
aaj wo itna adheer kyon
aa gayi main charnon ke chanchal chaal mein
aa gayi main charnon ke chanchal chaal mein
kis chatur nar ne nootan ye nartan bhara
saty hai ki swapn hai ye

aaj mujh yauwan ke aangan mein
atithhi ye kaun aaya
aaj mujh yauwan ke aangan mein
atithhi ye kaun aaya
aur tan man ki ?? ko
kisne ?? bajaaya
aur tan man ki sakal ?? se kisne
?? par bajaaya
titliyaan ??
ur mein
??
titliyaan ??
cheer ur mein
??
kanthh mein sangeet ye
kisne bhara
kanthh mein sangeet ye
kisne bhara aa
saty hai ya swapn hai ya
saty hi mein hi
veer Arjun putr
Abhimanyu ki ?? hai
uttaraa aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4559 Post No. : 16169 Movie Count :

4404

Today’s song is from the film Khush Naseeb-46. It was an ordinary social film made by Indra Movietone. Directed by V. panchotiya, the film had music by Anupam Ghatak and Pt. Lachhiram Tomar. We do not know who wrote the film’s 12 songs or even who sang these songs. Only few songs(actually only 2) are available on YouTube and the uploader ( Sadanand Kamath ji) has identified singers by voice, wherever possible. The limited cast mentioned in HFGK lists names as Padma Devi, Rukmini Devi, Anjali Roy, Bela Rani and V.Panchotiya. This too being incomplete, we do noit have any idea about its Hero or other artistes.

The year 1946 was an year which saw many changes in the film industry. The II world war had just ended. Rationing and control on many items had created Black marketing. This made many people Millionaires. The extra income started getting invested in Film making. The increased cost of Raw Films made filmmaking 7 to 8 times costlier. A film which was made in about 1 Lakh rupees in 1940, needed 8 Lakhs now. Studio system was waning and artiste rates increased in Lakhs instead of thousands.

In 1945, only 74 films were made. This number increased to 153 films in 1946. Further, in 1947, the film industry produced a record number of films – 181, but of course that was due to Partition. The quality of films was sacrificed at the cost of the quantity of films made in 1946. However, some quality films were made in 1946, indicating the changing face of filmmaking.

Film Dharati ke Lal-46 was made by IPTA people and it became the first film to be exhibited in Russia. Neecha Nagar-46 won the Grand Prix award in French Film Festival. Film Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46 was dubbed in English as ‘ The journey of Dr. Kotnis’. It was shown in the USA and then in Venice Film Festival. Two musical films- Anmol Ghadi and Shahjahan were made in 1946.

Year 1946 also saw the Debut of several stars and artistes. In fact one can call 1946 as the ” Debut year” of Hindi film industry. See this….

Nirupa Roy debuted in film Amar Raaj-46

Geeta Bali debuted with a dance in film Badnaami-46

Geeta Roy sang her first film song in film Bhakta Prahlad-46

Balraj Sahni debuted in film Insaaf-46. It was a small role,though.

K A Abbas-Director, Pt.Ravi Shankar-MD, Balraj Sahni as Hero and Damayanti Sahni as Heroine made their Debut in film Dharati Ke Lal-46

Meena kapoor sang her first Hindi film song in film Eight Days-46

Sudhir Phadke debuted as MD in film Gokul-46

P L Santoshi as Director, Dev Anand, Rehman, Rehana and Kamla Kotnis debuted as actors in film Hum Ek Hai-46

Chitragupta did his first film as MD in Lady Robin Hood-46

Ram Ganguly became MD with film Maharana Pratap-46

Abhi Bhattacharya debuted in film Milan-46

Chetan Anand as Director, Uma Anand and Kamini kaushal as actresses debuted in film Neecha Nagar-46

Hansraj Behl debuted as MD with film Pujari-46

Madhubala(as Baby Mumtaz) sang her first song in film Pujari-46

Majrooh Sultanpuri wrote his first Hindi film song in film Shahjahan-46

S D Burman as MD and Kishore Kumar as an actor debuted with film Shikari-46

So, you will find the year 1946 was truly an year of change. The winds of Partition were already blowing and the second line of supplementary artistes was ready to replace the Migrators, after the Partition.

Film Khush Naseeb-46 was directed by V.Panchotiya. Vithaldas Panchotiya ( 15 th October 1906 to 2-10-1987 ). Except those readers, who have a knowledge of early era Hindi films, it is unlikely that other readers might have even heard this name. In the early era, when the studio system was firmly established, the artistes employed by the studio had no specific duties. Anybody and everybody had to do what was needed by the company. Due to this many capable artistes became all rounders in film making.
Vithaldas Panchotiya was certainly one such person. He has been a Producer, Director, story writer, dialogue writer, screenplay writer, lyricist, Singer, Music Director and God knows what else !

Born in October 1906 in Vadnagar in Gujarat, he followed his father’s footsteps. His father worked in stage dramas and toured with the drama company. From the age of 8 years Vithaldas started acting in dramas. Later he joined Calcutta’s Alfred Drama company, owned by Madon Theatres Limited. He worked on a salary of Rs. 35 pm. While working in dramas, he established his own Gujarat Film company and produced 12 silent films in 10 years. Vithaldas first acted in silent film ‘ Dhruv charitra’-1921. He learnt dance and music too. He acted , directed, sang songs and gave music also. He acted in Talkie film ” Muflis Ashiqe”-1932, claimed to be India’s first comedy film. He acted, sang and composed music for this film.

Being a staunch Gandhian, he used to participate in rallies etc. Some of his films were Hindustan-32, Insaf ki Tope-34, Gaibi Gola-35 ( he was the writer and the director too.He gave a break to Baby Noorjahan in this film.), Khudai Khidamadgar-37 aka Garib ki Tope, Takdir ki Tope-38 etc . As per one source, he acted in 35 films, directed 10 talkie films, sang 8 songs, gave music to 1 film and wrote Lyrics to 2 films. Additionally story, dialogues and screenplay writing were also done by him. Some of his films were, Shaikh chilli-37, Khush naseeb-46, Prabhu ki maya-55, Ghar ki numaish-49, Karmaveer-38, Raman-54, Jagriti-54, Hum sab chor hain-56, Basant 60, Bhagvat mahima etc.

I find it very difficult to know exactly how many films he did in various capacities in the 1930s, as there are conflicting claims by him and Master Fida Hussain. In a few cases the details in HFGK and what he claims, gets contradicted. Some of his films in the 40s are Ramanuj-43, Giribala-47, Grihalaxmi-48, Ghar ki Numaish-48 ( released only in 1962, with the title ‘ Jai ho muhabbat ki ‘ )

Thanks to information and statistical data provided by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat, we know that his Filmography consists of a total 11+ 26 films. The break up is-

11 silent films
25 Talkie films as Actor and 1 film as a writer only.
9 films as a Director
2 films as Lyricist and
2 films as Music Director
As per Muvyz data, he sang 37 songs in 8 films.

from 1951 to 1960, he did 13 films- mostly ( 9) for Filmistan. He directed 2 of them. After 1960 his work was reduced. The death of his 3 sons broke him emotionally. As a true Gandhian, it was his dream to make a film- Gandhi Sangram- on mahatma Gandhi. He had done all the spade work and the Muhurat of shooting was also done on 2-10-1987, The Government had promised finance. Even Rajiv Gandhi promised him that. However nothing came to him and he died on 30-10-1996, with his dream unfulfilled.

His daughter Shradha used to work in Gujarati films. She too died in a Train accident in 2000. Her daughter Deepshikha is an actress.

I do not know the story or any other details of this film. Here is the first song from film Khush Naseeb-46,sung by an unidentified male and Zeenat Begum. With this song film Khush Naseeb-46 makes its Debut on this Blog.

( some information for this post is taken from an article by prof. Surjit singh ji and some from Harish ji, book 100 years of Hindi films by Antarkar and my notes)


Song- Jeevan saathi mil jaaye to kali hriday ki khil jaaye (Khushnaseeb)(1946) Singers-Male voice, Zeenat Begam, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Unknown

Lyrics

Jeevan saathi mil jaaye
to kali hriday ki khil jaaye
Jeevan saathi mil jaaye
jeevan safal banaa loon main
ik duniya
ik duniya nayi basaa loon main
kali hriday ki khil jaaye
jo jeevan saathi mil jaaye
kali hriday ki khil jaaye
jo jeevan saathi mil jaaye
o o
o o o o
o o o
jeevan saathhi dhoondhhne waale
apne man mein dekh
apne man mein dekh
kisko dhoondhh raha hai pagle
prem bhawan mein dekh pagle
prem bhawan mein dekh

beet gaya aa aa aa aa aa aa
beet gaya yug khojat khojat
beet gaya yug khojat khojat
mila na man ka meet
haan
mila na man ka meet
koi nahin
aisa saathhi
koi nahin
aisa saathhi
kare jagat mein preet
jis’se kare jagat mein preet
o o
o o o o
o o
mil jaayegaa
dhhoondhnewaale
mat gaa dukh ke geet
haan
mat gaa dukh ke geet

dhoondhh liyaa hai hamne bhi
par hui na ab tak jeet
par hui na ab tak jeet
jisko tumne dhoondhh liyaa hai
kya hai uska naam
haan aan
kya hai uska naam

kyun batlaa kar naam kisi ka
log kare badnaam
haan aan
log karen badnaam

tumko lage pasand
pasand usi ki
tumko lage pasand
jiska naam chhupaao o o
batlaa do
batlaa do mohe
batlaa do
batlaa do mohe
kaahe ko tadpaao
batlaa do
batlaa do mohe
kaahe ko tadpaao

keh doon
keh do
naa
maan jaao
na tarsaao
kah do

uska naam hai Tara
pyaara
chamke jo aakaash mein
Tara


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4519 Post No. : 16076

Today’s song is from the movie ‘Saathi-1946’.

‘Saathi-1946’ was directed by M. Sadiq for ‘Central Studios, Bombay’. It had Mehtab, M. Ismail, Sadiq Ali, Jyoti, Badri Prasad, Gulab, Majid, Latika and others.

This movie had eight songs penned by Wali Sahab and composed by Gulshan Safi.

HFGK Vol-II (1941-1950) lists the songs of this movie as given below;

S.No. Song Title Singer/s Posted on
01 O pardesi raja aa jaa Shamshad Begam
02 Woh nazron mein samaate jaa rahe hain G.M. Durrani 05.05.2019
03 Aankhon se bahe jaate hain armaan hamaare Zohrabai
04 Haaye main haar gayi, bholey piyaa Zohrabai
05 Duniya basant ka mela, kyun murakh phire akela Shamshad, Rafiq Ghazanvi
06 Kiski yaad sataaye baalam, kiski yaad sataaye Jyoti
07 Dukhiya ki bhi sun lo bhagwaan tumhi ho Shamshad Begam
08 Aabaad kabhi honge na barbaad e zamaana Shamshad Begam

So far, only one song from this movie has been posted. That song is Woh nazron mein samaate jaa rahe hain which was presented by our respected Arun Kumar ji with detailed information about artists involved in the making of this movie and also some of the actors and actresses of this movie.

I would request our readers to visit this interesting post here.

The second song from this movie, being presented here, is sung by Zohrabai Amablewali. It is composed by Gulshan Soofi. Lyrics are written by Wali Sahab.

The movie has six more songs left and they all seem to be available on line.

let us now enjoy today’s song …

Audio

Song-Aankhon se bahe jaate hain armaan hamaare (Saathi)(1946) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Gulshan Soofi
Zohrabai +Chorus

Lyrics

Aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
Aa aa
aa aa aa aa

Aankhon se bahe jaate hain
Aankhon se bahe jaate hain
Armaan hamaare
Armaan hamaare
Rote huye jaate hain ye
Rote huye jaate hain ye
Mehmaan bichaare
Mehmaan bichaare
Aankhon se bahe jaate hain
Hansti huyi basti ko jo
Ujde huye dekha
Hansti huyi basti ko jo
Ujde huye dekha
Aa aa
Rote hain gale chaand se
Rote hain gale chaand se
Mil mil ke sitaare
Mil mil ke sitaare
Mehmaan bichaare
Mehmaan bichaare
Aankhon se bahe jaate hain
Armaan hamaare
Armaan hamaare

Manzil ki garaz hamko
Na saahil ki tamanna
Manzil ki garaz hamko
Na saahil ki tamanna
Ab chhod diya naav ko
Ab chhod diya naav ko
Toofaan ke sahaare
Toofaan ke sahaare
Armaan hamaare ae ae
Armaan hamaare
Rote huye jaate hain ye
Rote huye jaate hain ye
Mehmaan bichaare
Mehmaan bichaare
Aankhon se bahe jaate hain


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4396 Post No. : 15771

Today is 31 july 2020. It is the 40th anniversary of the passing away of Mohammad Rafi ( 24 december 1924-31 july 1980) as all HFM lovers are only too aware. 31 july 1980 is a day which is still fresh in the minds of music lovers who were around at that time.

31 july 1880, a date exactly 100 years prior to 31 july 1980 was also an important day. It was on this day that Dhanpat Rai was born, who would later be known as Munshi Premchand (31 july 1880-8 october 1936), one of the most influential Urdu-Hindi author in modern Indian literature.

I have covered Munshi Premchand a few times in this blog. When one reads his creations, one is astonished at his vision, and his progressiveness. He was far ahead of the times in which he lived. He championed the cause of women empowerment, human rights and even animal rights at a time when these causes had not even become fashionable.

Munshi Premchand is considered an Urdu-Hindi literateur, but he was much more than just that. He was conversant in English as well. He was very well read in foreign literature. Translating foreign classics into Urdu and Hindi was one of his passions that has not received much attention from those who have studied him.

Munshi Premchand not only championed noble causes, he also practiced what he preached. After he separated from his first wife (with whom he was married as a child, in accordance with the then prevailing social practice), he married a widow, which was quite a revolutionary act those days.

Premchand began his career as a writer in Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur turned out to be the place where he was at his most creative. Gorakhpur was also the place where he spent the happiest days of his life (1916-1921). He was leading a contented life in Gorakhpur as a government school teacher (Assistant Master at Norman High School, Gorakhpur) when he listened to the speech of Mahatma Gandhi on 8 february 1921, where Gandhi Ji exhorted Indians to give up government jobs as part of non-cooperation movement. Munshi Premchand acted on this call and resigned from his job (he has received a promotion while at Gorakhpur and had become Deputy Inspector of Schools). With the consent of his wife, he resigned from his government job. Rest of his life was largely a struggle to make both ends meet. All that did not affect the quality of his penmanship.

Premchand briefly dabbled in the then new art form of Talkies. But he failed to adjust to the ways of the movies and went back to his first love, viz writing.

Many of his writings later went on to be made into films (Hindi as well as other languages). I have discussed ‘Do Bailon Ki Katha’ (which was made into ‘Heera Moti’ (1958) in the past. I have also discussed ‘Idgaah’. ‘Gaban’ is another of his novel that has been made into a movie.

It was in 1924 that Munshi Premchand wrote ‘Rangbhoomi’. It is the story of a blind beggar called Surdas. This story was made into a Hindi movie in 1946. This movie ‘Rangbhoomi’ (1946) was produced and directed by Mohan Bhavnani for Bhavnani Productions, Bombay. The movie had KN Singh, Nigar Sultana, Jagdish Sethi, Sulochana Chatterjee, Maqbul, Navin Yagnik, Gope etc.

To pay tribute to both Munshi Premhand and Md Rafi, here is a song from ‘Rangbhoomi’ (1946). This song is a multiple part song. Part I is sung by Rafi and chorus, while part II is sung by Rafi, Sahmshad Begam and chorus. Pt Phaani is the lyricist. Music is composed by Premnath (music director).

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal (Rangbhoomi)(1946) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Pt Phaani, MD-Premnath (MD)
Male chorus
Female chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

———————–
Part I
———————–

kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

teri raah tedhi
teri door manzil
teri raah tedhi
teri door manzil
museebat nayi
har kadam se mukaabil
museebat nayi
har kadam se mukaabil
pahaadon ko dhhaa dega himmat bhara dil
himmat bhara dil
pahaadon ko dhhaa dega himmat bhara dil
himmat bhara dil
tu har khauf isse mitaaye chala chal
tu har khauf isse mitaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

chale na chale saath tere zamaana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
rahe kaafilaa tera hardam rawaana
hardam rawaana
rahe kaafilaa tera hardam rawaana
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

—————————
Part II
—————————

chale na chale saath tere zamaana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
rahe kaafilaa tera lekin rawaana
rahe kaafilaa tera lekin rawaana

tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

sun ae naujawaan
sun ae naujawaan
tujhko jhukna nahin hai
sun ae naujawaan
tujhko jhukna nahin hai
unhen chhod de jinke ghutna nahin hai
unhen chhod de jinke ghutna nahin hai
tujhe raaste bhar mein rukna nahin hai
tujhe raaste bhar mein rukna nahin hai

tu kaandhe se kaandha milaaye chala chal
tu kaandhe se kaandha milaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

tu aage badhe usko peechhe hataa de
peechhe hataa de
jo roke use thokaron se uda de
thokaron se uda de
khuda se jo kehta hai use tu kar ke dikha de
tu kar ke dikha de
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4394 Post No. : 15762

Today’s song is from the film Jeewan yatra-46. This film was made by Rajkamal. The film was a social film, directed by Master Vinayak and its music was composed by Vasant Desai.

V Shantaram left Prabhat films or rather was compelled to leave it, because he broke a rule of Prabhat Films. Soon after When the company was founded, one of its directors S Fattelal had married one of its lead actresses Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi (one who is seen bending in the Prabhat Logo). After this, the team of partners/directors made a rule that if, in future, any of them falls in love with an artiste of the company or gets married to her, he will have to leave the company. After a few years, Keshav Rao Dhaiber, one partner, married Prabhat’s Heroine Nalini Tarkhad. He had to leave the company,in 1938.

V Shantaram also loved and married Prabhat’s lead actress Jayashree (Kamulkar) and had to leave the company. As such, all was also not well between Shantaram and other directors,because they felt that somehow, Shantaram kept all the focus on him for publicity, though they too were capable. Due to all this he left Prabhat. For some time he worked in the Films Division and then started his own studio “RAJ KAMAL Kalamandir”, on the premises of Wadia studios. The name of his company was made up by taking the first syllable of his parents’ names – RAJ(aram) and KAMAL(abai) making RAJKAMAL.

The first film of Rajkamal was Shakuntala with Jayashree playing the role of Shakuntala and Chandra Mohan being King Dushyant. Next films were, Parbat pe apna Dera-44 and Jeevan Yatra-46. Then came the iconic film “Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani”-46. Rajkamal produced many well known films, mostly in Prabhat tradition. I personally consider the film “Do aankhen barah haath”-58, as its best film in terms of the content, acting and the Music. It’s a matter of pride that one of the songs of this film-“Aye Maalik tere bande hum”, became the school prayer song in Pakistan, till 1965.(Ref:Ruperi Smaranyatra by Prof. Subhash Savarkar).

Film Jeevan Yatra-46 was directed by Master Vinayak. This was his last film as a director for Shantaram. Rajkamal films were directed by Shantaram, Vinayak, Keshavrao Datey, V Awadhoot or Kiran Shantaram only. Initially the studio system was very strong in the film industry, but during and after the II WW, Freelancing and crumbling of the studios, one after the other saw the virtual extinction of the studio system. Companies affected were Sagar, Ranjit, National, Wadia, Prabhat, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Madon Theatres, East India, Shalimar, Paramount, Imperial etc. It sadly heralded individualistic operations. Most studios became available for hiring for shootings. Only Rajkamal, Mehboob and RK studios etc continued some more years with almost the same force. Now, RK studio is demolished and Rajkamal and Mehboob studios are used for TV serial shooting and audio recording facilities.

Talking of Master Vinayak, it was Shantaram who helped shape his career. In Kolhapur, the 3 families- Bhal G. Pendharkar, V Shantaram and Master Vinayak were closely related. Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons- Master Vinayak (father of Baby Nanda), famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother Vasudev- who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons- V.Shantaram, famous actor, director,producer and a studio owner and his brother V. Awadhoot- equally famous Cinematographer.

Master Vinayak Karnataki ( 19-1-1906 to 19-8-1947) was born in Kolhapur. Many of his cousins and family members were already in the Film line.His half brothers Bhal ji and Baburao Pendharkar, maternal cousin V. Shantaram and his brother V.Avadhoot ( cinematographer) were in films. His own brother Vasudev also became a cameraman. Master Vinayak was working as a Teacher in a school, but Bhalji brought him in films. Initially Vinayak was with Prabhat, working under Shantaram and learning many things. He started his own company ” Hans Pictures” in partnership with Baburao Pendharkar and cameraman Pandurang Naik. Their first film was Chhaya-36. (almost all films made by Vinayak till 47 were bilingual in Marathi and Hindi-sometimes with different Titles ( like Ardhangi in Marathi became Ghar ki rani-40 in Hindi etc.)

While Shantaram stressed on technical aspects of film making successfully, Vinayak was keen on a strong story. Therefore he used the works of Top class writers in Marathi like V.S.Khandekar, P.K.Atre, Mama Varerkar etc. ( V.S.Khandekar, later won Sahitya Akademi award, Jnanpith award, Padma Bhushan award and many honours like D.Litt etc. The Government issued a Postage stamp after his death also). Film Chhaya won many awards and was commercially successful. Next Dhrmaveer-37 and Premveer-37 ( The Heroine in this film was Ashalata-wife of Anil Biswas). Then came film Jwala-38, with Chandramohan in both versions-Marathi and Hindi. He learnt to speak excellent Marathi for this film. Later he did 3 more Marathi films also. unfortunately, film Jwala was a resounding flop-not because of anything else. According to V.S.Khandekar, Vinayak had meddled with the story too much. ( this looks to be a chronic ailment of the film line !)

Vinayak fell back on comedy and made Brahmachari-38 and Brandi ki botal-39. Both were successful, but the loss due to Jwala was too big. Even one more comedy- Ghar ki rani-40 could not salvage the damage and Hans pictures was dissolved to form another company Navyug Chitrapat, with added P.K.Atre as a partner. Navyug was the first film company to offer 100 rs. shares directly to the public. ( Bombay Talkies had shares with only the directors, initially). The first film was Lapandav-40. Though successful, P.K.Atre left the company- (along with its Heroine Vanmala- his consort) and established his own company Atre Pictures.

After another comedy, Navyug made Amrit-41. In the year 1942, Navyug made the film ‘ Pahili Mangalagaur”-42, in which Lata Mangeshkar made her debut as an actress and singer. She sang her first ever film song with Snehprabha Pradhan- under the baton of Dada Chandekar. There was a kissing scene of Snehprabha and Shahu Modak in this film. During the making of this film, Vinayak left Navyug and started his own ” Prafull Pictures”. Vinayak made several Hindi and Marathi films including Badi Maa-45. Vinayak died on 19-8-1947, just 4 days after Independence.

Vinayak acted in 18 Hindi films, from Jalti Nishani-32 to film Mandir-48. He also directed 13 Hindi films, from film Nigah E Nafrat-35 (debut film of Shobhana Samarth) to film Mandir-48. He sang 22 songs in 10 films. But from film premveer-37 onwards he could not sing properly due to his tooth problems, hence Master Vasant Eric used to sing his songs for the balance 6 films, though mostly Vinayak is credited for these songs.

Now, who was this Master Eric ? His real name was Vasant Jadhav. He was born in 1907 into a Marathi Christian family of Kolhapur. Bhalji Pendharkar selected him for acting and singing in Shyam Cinetone’s film Parth kumar-1934 (Hindi/Marathi) His pet name was Eric, so he became Vasant Eric and later on due to his singing, he was called Master Vasant Eric. He joined Kolhapur Shalini Cinetone and worked with master Vinayak. He also worked in films like Aakashwani-34 and Honhaar-36. He sang songs in films from 1937 onwards. In all the Marathi/Hindi films of Vinayak he sang for him.

Vasant Eric knew Ratanbai. She introduced him to Ardeshir Irani and he employed Eric in his Music Department, playing various instruments and singing whenever needed. He acted and sang in films made by Huns, Navyug and Prafull films. In 1948, he gave music to a Marathi film. He was called by many MDs to play Chord Piano for their songs.The male voice in Lata’s First Hindi Playback song ” Paa laagu kar jori re” is that of master Vasant Eric only.

His son Ravindra was an actor and daughter Hemlata Shankar (Jadhav) was a film dancer. His grandson Nitin Shanker is an arranger in Bollywood today. Master Vasant Eric died in 1982.(Ack: Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh by Madhukar Potdar).

As per The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, film Jeewan Yatra-46 features a large number of characters travelling on a bus to Benares. A storm forces the passengers to take shelter in an abandoned temple where a prostitute tries to seduce Raja (Yakub) and he is left behind. The bus later breaks down and when Raja rejoins the group a local bandit, Vishwas (Pendharkar), attacks it. Eventually the bandit turns out to be Raja’s father and the husband of an old woman, Kalindi (Protima Devi), another passenger on the bus. Vinayak’s only film in the mainstream Hindi cinema, it included the collective number Ao azadi ke geet gate chalein and Lata Mangeshkar’s Chidiya bole choo choo. Lata Mangeshkar plays a village girl.

There were 10 songs in this film. Twqo songs are already on the Blog. This is the third one. It is a song sung by Khan Mastana, Zeenat Begum and other uncredited voices.


Song-Motor maze se chala re musaafir (Jeewan Yaatra)(1946) Singers- Khan Mastana, Zeenat Begum, Lyricist- Dewan Sharar, MD- Vasant Desai
Unknown male voice 1
Unknown male voice 2
Unknown male voice 3
chorus

Lyrics

Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
ho o o
o o o
motor waale
re motor waale

Motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala
dheere dheere
hai naazuk zamaaana
dheere dheere
hai naazuk zamaana
haule haule hata chalaana
haule haule hata chalaana

kahin lachke na patli kamariya
kahin lachke na
kahin jhapke na teekhi majariya
ho kahin jhapke na teekhi majariya
kahin sarke na sar ki chunariya
kahin sarke na sar ki chunariya

dheeme dheeme chala
haule haule chala
dheeme dheeme chala
haule haule chala
motor maze se chala dheere dheere

haan maze se chala halke halke
o motorwaale
haan maze se chala halke halke
jaise ?? ke dhhalke
jaise mad ka bhara pyaala chhalke
jaise dulhan
jaise dulhan koi aaye chal ke
jiska joban ho jaadoo bhara aa
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere

?? ki motor ke purze hain ??
naaarayan
inko bachaayega paapon ki aanch se

haan shashtri
jeewan ki yaatra pe jaana hai door door
jeewan ki yaatra pe jaana hai door door

laagi jo thhes kahin to motor hai choor choor
bach bach ke bach bach ke jaa aa gaadi
bach bach ke bach bach ke jaa
haan
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
ho o o
o o o
motor waale
re motor waale

haaye
motor maze se chala re musaafir
Motor maze se chala dheere dheere
Motor maze se chala aa aa aa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4375 Post No. : 15717

“Raseeli”(1946) was directed by Hanuman Prasad Sharma for Jai Bharat Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Radharani, Sushil Kumar, Kanhaiyyalal, Ramesh Gupta, Anant Prabhu, Ranibala, Meghmala, Shanti Devi, Ramlal, Shamlal etc in it.

“Raseeli”(1946) had ten songs in it. Three rare (and special) songs from the movie have been covered in it.

Here is the fourth song from “Raseeli”(1946) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Sharma and Geeta Dutt. One commentator in the YT lin identified the male singer as Prem Narayan Sharma.

Gaafil Harnalvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hanuman Prasad Sharma.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

The song ends up abruptly with a few lines yet to be sung. I request our knowledgeable readers to alert us if a longer and more complee link to the song becomes available.


Song-Neh laga mukh mod gaya (Raseeli)(1946) Singers-Prem Narayan Sharma, Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Gafil Harnalwi, MD-Hanuman Prasad Sharma
Both

Lyrics

neha laga mukh mod gaya aa aa aa aa
dukhiya ko tadapte chhod gaya
dukhiya ko tadapte chhod gaya aa aa

preet laga ker nanhe se ae ae
ek chanchal man ko tod gaya
ek chanchal man ko tod gaya aa aa
albeli ke to tiraani(?)
wo deewaani hai deewaani

har kadam pe thokar khaate hai ae ae
jab se preetam mukh mod gaya
jab se preetam mukh mod gaya aa aa

deepak ki jyoti door huyi
door huyi

ab kahe ae
ab kahe patanga ro ro kar
ro ro kar
ro ro kar r

is armaanon ki duniya mein ae ae ae
ghanghor andhera chhod gaya
ghanghor andhera chhod gaya aa aa
ab aan padi hai dukhiyaaran
is jeewan ke chauraahe par
is jeewan ke chauraahe par

wo baanh pakad kar beech dagar r r r…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4332 Post No.: 15627

Today’s song is from a film ‘Dharti ke Lal’-46, made by Indian People Theatre Association – formed on 25th May 1943. The film was directed by K.A.Abbas. The music was by Ravishankar. For 10 songs, written by a team of 4 Lyricists, music was composed by Ravi Shankar. Ravi Shankar (7-4-1920 to 11-12-2012) gave music only to 5 Hindi films, composing 48 songs – Neecha Nagar-46, Dharati ke lal-46, Anuradha-60, Godan-63 and Meera-79. Few songs from films Anuradha and Godan were good and popular, otherwise, in my opinion, his music was absolutely average. It never impressed me.

The film’s cast was Shombhu Mitra, Usha Dutt, Balraj Sahni, Damayanti Sahni, Anwar Mirza, Tripti Bhaduri Mitra, David, K N Singh etc etc. This was the first and the only directly produced film by IPTA. Later on, it supported many films in Hindi, Bangla and other languages. IPTA was an association of like minded people of socialistic thinking, influenced by and tilting towards Communism.

After the Great Russian Revolution in 1917, the Communist Cult philosophy started attracting people in the world, but within next 75 years,i.e. by 1992, the Russian Communism came to a close with President Gorbachev’s Peristroika and Glassnost. In India, in the early years after the Independence, Communists had some states under their control and with Nehru’s blessings, they prospered too. However, as on today, Communism in not only the world, but even in India is thriving only in remote pockets and Naxalite activities. IPTA has been the Cultural wing of CPI in India.

It had become an established way to project India’s poverty, illiteracy, poor people and the miseries of the ‘Have Nots’, through films and such ‘realistic’ films were decorated with medals. Films made on the famous Bengal Famine of 1943 and Appu Triology did this job faithfully and received accolades.

In Indian film industry there were stalwarts, who swore by Nehru’s Socialism. Big guns like Mehboob Khan, A R Kardar and B R Chopra were few examples. Socialism dripped from the films they made- Roti, Mother India, Son of India, Naya Daur etc. can be quoted in this context.

Amongst the actors, Balraj Sahni was one actor who tilted to this philosophy. Most writers, directors actors etc from Bangla film industry were sympathetic towards this philosophy, if not actively participating openly into it. Out of the important and active members of Bombay from IPTA was K A Abbas. It was his idea to make a film on 1943 Bengal famine. Abbas not only made Dharti ke lal in 1946, but also made its sequel Munna in 1954. This is what Encyclopedia of indian Cinema says about film Dharti ke lal-46….Based on Bijon Bhattacharya’s plays Nabanna and Jabanbandi; Krishen Chander’s short story Annadata. Abbas’s directorial debut launched a major trend of ‘realist’ cinema. The film is set during WW2 and the 1943 Bengal famine (a traumatic event often used as source material by left cultural movements) and a growing ‘nation-building’ ideology. Made during the war, the novice cast and crew were accorded a special licence for a war-effort contribution.
The only film actually produced by the IPTA (although it later informally supported several other films), the film is based partly on Sombhu Mitra’s landmark production of Bhattacharya’s play Nabanna for the IPTA. It narrates the story of a family of sharecroppers in Bengal: the patriarch Samaddar, his elder son Niranjan and his wife Binodini, and the younger son Ramu with his wife Radhika. Despite a good harvest and rising grain prices during the war, Samaddar loses his property to a crooked graindealing zamindar. Ramu, his wife and their newborn baby go to Calcutta followed soon after by the rest of the family along with thousands of similarly dispossessed peasants. The film intercuts Ramu’s frantic search for work with his wife’s descent into prostitution. Before dying, the patriarch enjoins his family to return to their native soil where the farmers get together and, in a stridently celebratory socialist-realist ending, opt for Soviet-style collective farming. Ramu is excluded from their world.

The film’s highly stylised and symbol-laden realism proved extremely influential. It appears to have found a way of narrativising the 1943 famine which set the pattern for many films moving from depictions of deprivation in the country to suffering in the city, e.g. Nemai Ghosh’s Chinnamul (1950) and Bimal Roy’s Do Bigha Zameen (1953). It also initiated a new type of melodrama able to marry actuality to psychoanalytic and political anxieties and desires, as in Abbas’s scripts for Raj Kapoor.

Presented By: Indian Peoples Theatre Association (IPTA); Associate Producer: V.P. Sathe; Associate Director: Sambhu Mitra, Balraj Sahni, P.A. Gupte; Assistant Director: Srinivas Sastri, Narendra Trivedi; Story: Bijon Bhattacharya, Krishen Chander; Screenplay: K.A. Abbas; Dialogue: K.A. Abbas; Adaptation: Bijon Bhattacharya’s “Navana” and “Jiban Maran”, Krishen Chander’s “I cannot die”. Music Director: Ravi Shankar.
K A Abbas was an important name in Hindi film industry. He was close to many heavyweight actors, producers and other directors. He belonged to a highly cultured and educaqted family from Panipat (present Haryana). Khwaja Ahmad Abbas was born in Panipat, Haryana, on 7-6-1916. He was born in the home of celebrated Urdu poet, ‘Khwaja Altaf Husain Hali’, a student of Mirza Ghalib. His grandfather Khwaja Gulam Abbas was one of the chief rebels of the 1857 Rebellion movement, and the first martyr of Panipat to be blown from the mouth of a cannon. Abbas’s father Ghulam-Us-Sibtain graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, was a tutor of a prince and a prosperous businessman, who modernised the preparation of Unani medicines. Abbas’s mother, ‘Masroor Khatoon’, was the daughter of Sajjad Husain, an enlightened educationist.

Abbas took his early education in ‘Hali Muslim High School’, which was established by his great grand father Hali. He had his early education till 7th in Panipat. He was instructed to read the Arabic text of the Quran and his childhood dreams swung at the compulsive behest of his father. Abbas completed his matriculation at the age of fifteen. He did his B.A. with English literature in 1933 and LL.B. in 1935 from Aligarh Muslim University

Worked on National Call, a New Delhi paper (1933); started Aligarh Opinion when studying law (1934); obtained law degree in 1935; political correspondent and later film critic for nationalist Bombay Chronicle, Bombay (1935- 47) praising Dieterle, Capra and esp. Shantaram. Wrote Indian journalism’s longest- running weekly political column, Last Page (1941-86), in Chronicle and Blitz. Best-known fiction (Zafran Ke Phool situated in Kashmir, Inquilab on communal violence) places him in younger generation of Urdu and Hindi writers with Ali Sardar Jafri and Ismat Chughtai, whose work followed the PWA? and drew sustenance from Nehruite socialism’s pre- Independence, anti-Fascist and anti-communal commitments.

Founder member of IPTA’s all- India front (1943), to which he contributed two seminal plays: Yeh Amrit Hai and Zubeida. Entered film as publicist for Bombay Talkies (1936) to whom he sold his first screenplay, Naya Sansar (1941). First film, Dharti Ke Lal, made under IPTA’s banner and drew on Bijon Bhattacharya’s classic play Nabanna (1944), dealing with the Bengal famine of 1943.

Set up production company Naya Sansar (1951), providing India’s most consistent representation of socialist-realist film (cf. Thoppil Bhasi and Utpal Dutt). Best work is in the scripts for his own films and for those of Raj Kapoor (Awara 1951); Shri 420 (1955), 1955, both co-written with V.P. Sathe; Jagte Raho, 1956; Bobby, 1973) and Shantaram’s Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946; adapted from his own book, And One Did Not Come Back), which combined aspects of Soviet cinema (Pudovkin) and of Hollywood (e.g. Capra and Upton Sinclair), influencing a new generation of Hindi cineastes (Kapoor, Chetan Anand) and sparking new realist performance idioms (BALRAJ SAHNI). His Munna, without songs or dances, and Shaher Aur Sapna, cheaply made on location in slums, were described as being influenced by neo-realism.

Pardesi is the first Indian-Soviet co-production, co- directed by Vassili M. Pronin. The landmark Supreme Court censorship judgement about his Char Shaher Ek Kahani (aka A Tale of Four Cities) curtailed ‘arbitrary’ governmental pre- censorship powers on the grounds that the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to free speech. His constitutional challenge of the Cinematograph Act led to the famous Supreme Court decision upholding the validity of precensorship of cinema. Interestingly in Interestingly in 1939, K A Abbas had written a letter to Gandhi urging him to reconsider his opinion on the idea of the evil of cinema. He writes
“Today I bring for your scrutiny – and approval -a new toy my generation has learned to play with, the CINEMA! – You include cinema among evils like gambling, sutta, horse racing etc… Now if these statements had come from any other person, it was not necessary to be worried about them… But your case is different. In view of the great position you hold in this country, and I may say in the world, even the slightest expression of your opinion carries much weight with millions of people. And one of the world’s most useful inventions would be allowed to be discarded or what is worse, left alone to be abused by unscrupulous people. You are a great soul, Bapu. In your heart there is no room for prejudice. Give this little toy of ours, the cinema, which is not so useless as it looks, a little of your attention and bless it with a smile of toleration”.

Published many books including I Am Not An Island and Mad Mad World of Indian Films (both 1977). Other important scripts: Neecha Nagar (1946); Mera Naam Joker (1970); Zindagi Zindagi (1972); Henna (1991). Abbas also brought a number of new talents into the film industry, such as Amitabh Bachchan in Saat Hindustani . K.A.Abbas died on 1-6-1987 at Bombay. ( adapted, with thanks, from The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema).

One of the main female leads in the film was Tripti Mitra, who was not at all a known face in Hindi films that time. Her name first became known to Hindi audience when, as the main Heroine, Tripti Mitra gave a remarkable performance in film Gopinath-1948.
Tripti Mitra was a big name in Bangla films and stage movement. She acted in only 3 Hindi movies. Gopinath-48, Dharati ke Lal-46 and Munna-54. Munna was a sequel to Dharati Ke Lal- both films directed by K.A.Abbas.

Smt. TRIPTI MITRA, née Tripti Bhaduri (Born 25 October 1925 – Died 24 May 1989), popular Indian Actress of Bengali Theatre and Films. She was the wife of Sombhu Mitra, noted Theatre & Film Director, with whom she co-founded pioneering theatre group Bohurupee in 1948. She has acted in films like Jukti Takko Aar Gappo and Dharti Ke Lal.

She was awarded Padma Shri and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, the highest Indian recognition given to practicing artists, given by Sangeet Natak Akademi, India’s National Academy for Music, Dance and Drama.

Tripti Mitra was born in Dinajpur (British India) on 25 October 1925. Her father was Ashutosh Bhaduri and mother was Shailabala Debi. In Dinajpur Minor School she studied up to class six, then she came to Kolkata and got admission in Pyaricharan School. After passing Higher Secondary Examination from that school, she got admission in Ashutosh College. But she could not complete her studies since she got a job. She married Sombhu Mitra in December, 1945. She has a daughter Shaoli Mitra, who is also an actress and director.

Tripti Mitra had been acting in theatre since her teens. She first acted in her cousin Bijon Bhattacharya’s play Agun (Fire) in 1943. After watching her stage performance in noted IPTA play, Nabanna (Harvest) based on Bengal famine of 1943, director Khwaja Ahmad Abbas took her to Bombay to act in Gana Natya Sangha’s film Dharti Ke Lal in 1943, partly based on the play. Her first Bengali film was Pathik in 1953, the film was directed by Debaki Kumar Basu. She also acted in Ritwik Ghatak’s last film, Jukti Takko Aar Gappo (1974).

In 1948, Shombhu and Tripti Mitra founded their own theatre group named Bohurupee. She acted in innumerable plays mostly along with her husband Sombhu Mitra,a colossus in the field of theatre, to become one of the most legendary beings of Bengali theatre, most famous for her role as Nandini, the protagonist of Rabindranath Tagore’s Rakta Karabi. She also acted in Jago Hua Savera, a 1959 Urdu movie produced in Dhaka, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh), based on a Manik Bandopadhya’s classic novel Padma Nadir Majhi.

Tripti Mitra died on 24 May 1989.

Out of the 10 songs of the film, today’s song is the 3rd song to be presented here. The song is slightly short of 3 minutes. In the film , even a much shorter version is used. Thanks to Sadanand Kamath ji for uploading this rare song which was not available so far on You Tube.


Song- Beete ho sukh ke din aayee dukh ki ratiya (Dharti Ke Laal)(1946) Singer- Lakshmi Shankar, Lyricist- Unknown, MD- Pt. Ravi Shankar

Lyrics

Beete ho sukh ke din
aayee dukh ki ratiyaa
ho raama
Beete ho o sukh ke din
aayeen dukh ki ratiyaa
ho raama
ho raama aa
tadpat hai mora jiyara
tadpat hai mora jiyara
piya bina beete ??
ho raama
piya bina beete ??
ho raama
piya gailo bideswa ho raama
piya gailo bideswa ho raama
piya gailo bideswa ho raama

kaa se kahoon oon ab main aen aen
dukhi man ki batiyaan aan aan
ho raama aa
taras rahin mori ankhiyaan aan
kahaan gailo balamwa ho
kahaan gailo balamwa ho
ho raama
ho raama
kaa se kahoon ab main
dukhi man ki batiyaan
ho ho
ho ho
raama
beete ho ho
sukh ke din
aayeen dukh ki ratiyaan aan
ho o raama


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4332 Post No.: 15626

“Raseeli”(1946) was a “social” movie which was directed by Hanuman Prasad for Jaibharat Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Radharani, Sushil Kumar, Kanhaiyalal, Ramesh Gupta, Anant Prabhu, Ranibala, Meghmala, Shanti devi, Ramlal, Shamlal etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Two of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Raseeli”(1946) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rafi and Shamshad Begam. Hanuman Prasad, the director of the movie, was the lyricist as well as the music director.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Dil mujhko jalaata hai (Raseeli)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Hamuman Prasad, MD-Hanuman Prasad

Lyrics

dil
dil mujhko jalaata hai
dil mujhko jalaata hai
main dil ko jalaati hoon
main aen dil ko jalaati hoon

main tumko bhulaata hoon
main tumko bhulaata hoon
main tujhko bhulaati hoon
main aen tujhko bhulaati hoon

ik dard mere dil mein aen aen
ik tees hai jigar mein
ik dard mere dil mein aen aen
ik tees hai jigar mein
haaye tees hai jigar mein

ye mujhko rulaata hai
ye mujhko rulaata hai
main isko rulaati hoon
main aen isko rulaati hoon

tum dil se nikal jaao
tum seene mein aa jaao
tum dil se nikal jaao
tum seene mein aa jaao
tum seene mein aa jaao

gham mujhko mitaata hai
gham mujhko mitaata hai
main gham ko mitaati hoon
main aen gham ko mitaati hoon


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16312

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1257
Total Number of movies covered =4426

Total visits so far

  • 14,339,088 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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