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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1957


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4015 Post No. : 15122

“Fashion”(1957) was directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Kuldip Pictures production, Bombay. The movie had Pradeep Kumar, Mala Sinha, Chandrashekhar, Manoj Kumar, Jabeen Jaleel,Sunder, Jabeen Jalil, Jagdish Sethi, Kammo, Leela Misra etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from “Fashion”(1957) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Hemant Kumar and his wife Bela Mukherji. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song. From the sounds of it, the song appears to be a “beggar” song to me, where the citizens of the nation are being called upon to use desi (including marrying Indians) not videshi. Craving for and using videshi items was considered “Fashion” those days, and that was almost considered an anti national act, as can be surmised from the lyrics of this song.


Song-Maati ko lajaana na (Fashion)(1957) Singers-Hemant Kumar, Bela Mukherji, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Hemant Kumar
Both

Lyrics

bade bade toofaanon ke aage
kabhi nahin jo haaraa hai
naari ki taaqat par ab tak
zindaa desh tumhaaraa hai

maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa

bikhra hua yahaan Savitri kaa noor hai
Saavitri kaa noor hai
maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
is maati mein ramaa hua sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
sitaaji kaa sindoor hai
desh ke jawaanon
desh ke jawaanon
o fashion ke deewaanon
thhodi baat puraani maano
apni sej ko paraai naar se kabhi sajaanaa naa
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na
desh hai mahaan
iski shaan ko mitaana na
maati ko lajaana naa
is maati ko lajaana na

galiyaan paraayi mein kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
kyun khoyaa teraa dhyaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
apni pujaaran kaa tu hi bhagvaan hai
tu hi bhagvaan hai
raam hai tu uskaa aa
raam hai tu uskaa
ghanshyaam hai tu uskaa
chaaron dhaam hai tu uskaa
aisi naari ke jigar pe kataari tu chalaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa
desh hai mahaan
is ki shaan ko mitaanaa naa
maati ko lajaanaa naa
is maati ko lajaanaa naa

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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4007 Post No. : 15111

tum samay ki ret par chhodte chalo nishaan
dekhti tumhen zameen
dekhta hai aasmaan

These uplifiting lines are from the pen of Saraswati Kumar Deepak. The poetry composed sometimes in the early 1950s, was presented as a song in the 1953 film ‘Naya Raasta’. Saraswati Kumar Deepak is a song writer who has been confined to mythological and religious fare for most of his career. Active in the Hindi cinema since 1943, his songs can be heard in films all the way to the end of 1970s.

Remembering Saraswati Kumar Deepak today (8th July) on the anniversary of his passing away. And incidentally, yesterday (7th July) was his birth anniversary also.

He was born on 7th July 1918, at Navsthala Hasanpur in district Bulanshehar in Uttar Pradesh. His original name was Ram Gopal Sharma. Not much information is available about his early years. His education was in Hindi and Sanskrit. He did his BA from Meerut College. As a young man, he had begun writing poetry and prose.

In early forties he came to Bombay, and in 1942 he joined the production house of Fazli Brothers. His first assignment was as the writer of advertisements and promotional material in Hindi, for the films produced by Fazli Brothers. His first song appeared in the film ‘Zabaan’ of 1943 – “Dheere Se Kadam Badhaata Chal, Bigdi Taqdeer Banaata Chal”, which was composed by C Ramchandra and sung by Ishwarlal and Kaushalya. His next song – “Soti Hun Ab Chanda Mujhe Jagaa Dena”, appeared 1944, in the film ‘Badi Baat’. The song was rendered by Amirbai under the direction of Feroze Nizami. This song became very popular in its time, and the name of its writer started getting known somewhat in the industry.

In 1945, his songs appeared in ‘Piya Milan’ and ’Swarn Bhoomi’. However, 1946 became a defining year for him. Four films were released that carried songs written by him – ‘Bhakt Prahlad’, ‘Dev Kanya’, ‘Maansarovar’ and ‘Uttra Abhimanyu’. As the names of these films suggest, yes, they had an effect to have Saraswati Kumar typecast as a writer for religious and mythological films. This categorization he was never able to shake off for the rest of his career.

That is not to say that he did not write other type of songs for other genres of films. The songs “Kahin Ka Deepak Kahin Ki Baati” (‘Aag’, 1948), “Raat Gayi Phir Din Aata Hai” (‘Boot Polish’, 1953, and “Nigaahon Se Dil Mein Chale Aayiega” (‘Hameer Hath’, 1964) are a sampler that represents that wide portfolio of genres he could handle. He has written close to 350 songs for about 100 Hindi films. Besides that, he translated and dubbed the songs and the dialogues for about 25 regional language films.

Saraswati Kumar was not just a song writer. He was also a screenplay writer, a dubbing specialist and a renowned author of literature for children. Books like ‘Haathi Ghoda Paalki’ and ‘Jai Janani, Jai Bharati’ became quite popular and famous. He used to write a lot for All India Radio – plays, songs, sponsored programs etc. for two years, he anchored the program ‘Apni Kahaani, Apni Zubaani’ – sponsored by Bank of Baroda. And above all, as a journalist, he continuously contributed stories and articles for newspapers and magazines.

He passed away in 1986, just after completing his 68 year.

The film ‘Bansari Bala’ is produced by Moghabhai Deasi under the banner of Desai Productions, Bombay, and is directed by Nanubhai Vakil. The cast of actors listed for this film is Chitra, Daljeet, Maruti, Niranjan Sharma, Krishna Kumari, Ram Singh, Tiwari, Mishra, Kamal, Meenu Mumtaz, Wazir Muhammad Khan, Susheel Kumar, Nadir Mota, Razia, Rafiq, Munshi Munakka, Jugnu, Shashimala, Savitri, Jagdish Kamal, Heera Sawant, Sheela Waaz, Suresh Nigam, Master Rajesh, and Al Nasir.

Geet Kosh lists 9 songs for this film. Six songs are written by Pandit Faani and the remaining three are by Saraswati Kumar Deepak. Music direction is by Kamal Mitra. All the three songs which are written by Saraswati Kumar Deepak have been sung by Sudha Malhotra. One of these three is already showcased here on our blog – “Main To Chanda Ki Nagri Se Aayi Re”.

 Today’s lilting song is in the sweet singing voice is of Sudha Malhotra. Words are from the pen of Saraswati Kumar Deepak, and the signature melody is by Chitragupt. On screen, the song is performed by Chitra, who tells about her heart after someone came to her dreams and cast a captivating spell on her. The song is filmed in a garden. And we can see the subject of her aspirations (Daljeet) also present there, although she is not aware as she continues with the song.

The lyrics of this song have been sent in by Nitin Shah.

Listen and enjoy.

 


Song – Mere Nainon Mein, O Mere Sapnon Mein Chupke Se Aa (Bansari Bala) (1957) Singers – Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics – Saraswati Kumari Deepak, MD – Kamal Mitra

Lyrics (Provided by Nitin Shah)

aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaaa

mere nainon mein
o mere sapnon mein chupke se aaaaaa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya
meri duniya mein
o dil ki bagiya mein chhup chhup ke aa aaaa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya
mere nainon mein
o mere sapnon mein chupke se aaaa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya…..

aaaaa aaaaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa

teer jaane ye kaise laga
mera doley re doley jiya
teer jane ye kaise laga
mera doley re doley jiya
boley man ka papiha piya
boley man ka papiha piya
dard kaisa mujhe de diya aa aa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya
mere nainon me in
o mere sapnon mein chupke se aa aaa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya….

aaaaa aaaaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa

apne mann ki main kaise kahoon
sakhi chup bhi main kaise rahoon
apne mann ki main kaise kahoon
sakhi chup bhi main kaise rahoon
dil ki maujon pe kaise bahoon
dil ki maujon pe kaise bahoon
sakhi dhadke hai mora jiya aa aa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya
mere nainon mein
o mere sapnon me chupke se aa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya

aaaaa aaaaa aaaa
aaaaa aaaaa aaaa

raah mujh ko dikha di nayi
main to hirni si ghayal hui
raah mujh ko dikha di nayi
main to hirni si ghayal hui
aaj kis ki main paagal hui
aaj kis ki main paagal hui ee ee
diya kis ne ye damka diya
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya
mere nainon mein
o mere sapnon mein  chup ke se aa
aaj kis ne ye jaadu kiya. . .

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

आss आsss
आss आssss

मेरे नैनों में
ओ मेरे सपनों में चुपके से आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया
मेरी दुनिया में
ओ दिल की बगिया में छुप छुप के आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया
मेरे नैनों में
ओ मेरे सपनों में चुपके से आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया

आssss आssss आsss
आssss आssss आsss

तीर जाने ये कैसे लगा
मेरा डोले रे डोले जिया
तीर जाने ये कैसे लगा
मेरा डोले रे डोले जिया
बोले मन का पपीहा पिया
बोले मन का पपीहा पिया
दर्द कैसा मुझे दे दिया॰॰आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया
मेरे नैनों में
ओ मेरे सपनों में चुपके से आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया

आssss आssss आsss
आssss आssss आsss

अपने मन की मैं कैसे कहूँ
सखी चुप भी मैं कैसे रहूँ
अपने मन की मैं कैसे कहूँ
सखी चुप भी मैं कैसे रहूँ
दिल की मौजों पे कैसे बहूँ
दिल की मौजों पे कैसे बहूँ
सखी धड़के है मोरा जिया॰॰आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया
मेरे नैनों में
ओ मेरे सपनों में चुपके से आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया

आssss आssss आsss
आssss आssss आsss

राह मुझको दिखा दी नई
मैं तो हिरणी सी घायल हुई
राह मुझको दिखा दी नई
मैं तो हिरणी सी घायल हुई
आज किसकी मैं पागल हुई
आज किसकी मैं पागल हुई॰॰ई॰॰ई
दिया किसने ये दमका दिया
आज किसने ये जादू किया
मेरे नैनों में
ओ मेरे सपनों में चुपके से आ॰॰आ
आज किसने ये जादू किया

 


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3964 Post No. : 15045

“Do Roti”(1957) was produced and directed by Ismail Memon for Ismail Films, Bombay. This movie had Nirupa Roy and Balraj Sahni in lead roles, along with Johny Walker, Nazeer Hussain, Mishra, Manju, Minu Mumtaz, Nana Palsikar, Kanhaiya Lal, Mehmood, Shakuntala devi, Arvind Kumar, Kamal Mohan, Sagar, Nalini Chonkar, Kusum, Chetan Kumar, Mumtaz, G Kallan, Mohan Sandow, Aziz Siddiqui, Omkar, Baby Sultana, Master Raju etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Six songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Do Roti”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata. Khumar Barabankwi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Roshan.

This song is picturised as a joie de vivre song on Nirupa Roy.

Audio

Video

Song-Gham ki huyi haar lo jeet gaya pyaar(Do Roti)(1957) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Khumar Barabankwi, MD-Roshan

Lyrics

gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar

roothhe huye maan gaye
dil ki lagi pehchaan gaye
roothhe huye maan gaye
dil ki lagi pehchaan gaye
ho dil ki lagi pehchaan gaye
nazren huin chaar
lo teer huye paar
nazren huin chaar
lo teer huye paar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar

main hoon kahin
dil hai kahin
aaj mujhe kuchh hosh nahin
main hoon kahin
dil hai kahin
aaj mujhe kuchh hosh nahin
ho aaj mujhe kuchh hosh nahin
chha gaya khumaar
lo aa gayi bahaar
chha gaya khumaar
lo aa gayi bahaar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar

nazren milin waar huye
kitne haseen iqraar huye
nazren milin waar huye
kitne haseen iqraar huye
ho kitne haseen iqraar huye
man ke baje taar
lo jaag uthha pyaar
man ke baje taar
lo jaag uthha pyaar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar
naache jiya jhoom jhoom ke
haaye jhoom jhoom ke
gham ki hui haar
lo jeet gaya pyaar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3958 Post No. : 15035

“Jai Ambe”(1957) was produced by Shanti Kumar and D N Shukla and directed by Shanti Kumar for Mahesh Chitra Bombay. This “pauraanik” movie had Sulochana, Manhar desai, Sapru, Ramesh Sinha, Sheela Kashmiri, Niranjan Sharma, Kesri, Indira Bansal, Mridula, Shree Bhagwan, Kanchanmala, Dubey, Shalini, Heera Sawant etc in it with Guest appearances by Jeewan and Rajkumar( of pauraanik movies fame, different from Jaani fame Rajkumar)

The movie had nine songs in it. One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Jai Ambe”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata and Manna Dey, alongwith male and female chorus. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Shivtam.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Kaali ghataayen aakaash mein jee ghir ghir aayen (Jai Ambe)(1957) Singers-Lata, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Shivram
Female chorus
Male chorus
Lata + Manna Dey
All chorus
Manna Dey + Male chorus
Lata + Female chorus

Lyrics

dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya

ho o o
Kaali ghataayen aakaash mein jee
ghir ghir aayin
ghir ghir aayin
naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee

gori main tere paas hoon to
darr kaahe ka
darr kaahe ka
jhoolo jhoolo
lahron ke
hindole jee
ho
jhoolo jhoolo

lahron ke
hindole jee

dig dig dig dig
naiyya chale re
purwaiyya chale
chhak haiyya haiyya ho
haiyya

gahri nadiya door kinaara
chhod hamen mat jaiyyo re maanjhi
chhod hamen mat jaiyyo re
din bhar lahron sang khel ke
saanjh pade ghar aiyo re maanjhi
saanjh pade ghar aiyo jee
ho o o o
naao puraani gahra paani
peechhe na rah jaiyyo machhariya

peechhe na rah jaiyo jee
aanchal ki patwaar banaa ke
naiyya paar lagaiyyo machhariya

naiyya paar lagaiyyo jee
batiyaan tihaari gori
preet ka ras ghole jee
ras ghole jee
meethhi meethhi baansuriya
si bole jee
ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
dig dig dig dig
naiyya chale re
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiya chhaiyya ho
haiyya

ankhiyaan phadke jiyara dhadke
bijli kadke ambar mein
haay
bijli kadke ambar mein
le chal maanjhi haath pakad ke
aag lagi hai samandar mein
hoy aag lagi hai samandar mein
ho o o o o
baahar baahar dekh rahi kya
tanik to jhaanko andar mein

hoy tanik to jhaanko andar mein
devi banke bathhi tu gori
mere man ke mandar mein

hoy mere man ke mandar mein
bachpan ki ye preet hai jee
kabhi toote na
sang chhoote na
nit nit pyaar chadhhe jhakole jee

ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3956 Post No. : 15032

“Neelofar”(1957) was produced and directed by P N Arora for All India Pictures , Bombay. This costume drama movie had Chitra, Suresh, Nishi, Sundar, Shyam Kumar, Helen, Vimla, Amar, Vazeer Mohammad Khan etc in it.

The movie had five songs which were composed by two different music directors and two different lyricists. All five songs were female solos sung by three singers.

Three songs from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Neelofar”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and chorus. Hasrat Jaipuri is the lyricist. Music is composed by Basant Prakash.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Naazuk bahaar hoon dil ka karaar hoon (Neelofar)(1957) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Hasrat Jaipuri, MD-Basant Prakash
Female chorus

Lyrics

naazuk bahaar hoon
dil ka karaar hoon
duniya hai mujhpar nisaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
naazuk bahaar hoon
dil ka karaar hoon
duniya hai mujhpar nisaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar

zulfen ghataayen aankhen paimaana
ye aankhen paimaana
meri adaa par mausam deewaana
ye mausam deewaana
zulfen ghataayen aankhen paimaana
meri adaa par mausam deewaana
saaj o singaar hoon
saaqi ka pyaar hoon
duniya hai mujhpar nisaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar

jaadoogaron ki jaadoogari hoon
main jaadoogari hoon
jannat se aayi neelam pari hoon
main neelam pari hoon
jaadoogaron ki jaadoogari hoon
jannat se aayi neelam pari hoon
chalti kataar hoon
teer o talwaar hoon
duniya hai mujhpar nisaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar

behki nazar se dil ka payaam lo
lo dil ka payaam lo
aankhen milaa kar mera salaam lo
lo mera salaam lo
behki nazar se dil ka payaam lo
aankhen milaa kar mera salaam lo
dil ka khumaar hoon
husn mazedaar hoon
duniya hai mujhpar nisaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar
haay main to laayi hoon aankhon mein pyaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3951 Post No. : 15027

Today’s song is from film Captain Kishore-1957. It is sung by Geeta Dutt under the baton of the magician of melody-Chitragupt.

Today I am deviating from my usual style of writing, because I am writing on my favourite singer- Geeta Dutt. So, no biography of any artiste and no other details. Only Geeta Dutt !

Long back, in our management class, our Professor conducted a survey in the class. He asked us to write the name of the Toothpaste we were using. Those days too, Colgate was the Brand leader. We were 30 students in the class. I was using Macleans’ (a brand that was available in India in those days), so I wrote Macleans’. Then he collected all 30 chits,added his own and started reading. The result was Macleans’-8, Kolynos-7, Colgate-7, Forhans-6 and 3 were using tooth powder. He explained to us that even the Brand leader, not necessary always, will lead in all consumer groups. It is a collective total which gives the leader its position.

The same is the case in any other field. Take the case of female playback Singers. From 1950s to 1970s, Lata was the Brand Leader, but personally I always liked Geeta Dutt. I simply loved Geeta’s voice which had so much flexibility and was also so soulful.

When you hear her sing Meera Bhajan, you get lost in Bhakti Ras, listen to her sad songs and gloom descends on you and hear her club/cabaret song,you feel like tapping or dancing. It seems like as if Geeta never bothered to be the No.1,she only wanted to be honest to her singing. She was a pure soul bearing no envy towards anyone. There is always a discussion whether she gave her best to S.D.Burman or O.P.Nayyar songs. Not many know that Geeta worked with more than 150 composers. I personally dont believe she ever compromised in her performance. Whether she sang for a well known composer,or an unknown one like M.A.Rouf, S.L.Pardeshi, Manohar, D.V.Gadekar, Kumar, M.Masurekar, T.K.Das, Ali Husain,Pt.Harbanslal or Rajhuns,she put all her soul and skill in rendering the song.

There is, however, always a personal liking. I always liked Geeta’s songs with O P Nayyar. Their association started with the film Aasman (1952). Though her songs like “dekho jaadu bhare more nain’ were very melodious and became quite popular,the film had flopped. The subsequent film Baaz (1953) was also the same story. Good songs-film flopped. But then Aarpar (1954), Mr. and Mrs.55, Musafirkhana (1955) and Miss Cocacola and C.I.D.-in 1956 brought commercial success. After C.I.D. in the year 1957, Geeta suffered on 2 counts. One,O.P.Nayyar started grooming Asha Bhosale and secondly Geeta was facing a lot of personal problems. The singing assignments coming her way were getting lesser and even she was cutting down on the same. In fact, she had expressed desire to completely stop singing in the year 1957.

In the year 1958 she got only 10 songs from O.P.Nayyar. But then she sang the iconic song in Howrah Bridge which made her name Amar in the history of Golden Age of HFM for ever. This incident has been narrated by the famous film/music writer Issac Mujaawar in the Marathi magazine Rasrang. When Howrah Bridge was being made,it was evident that all the songs will go to Asha. By that time ASHA had mastered the art of singing club/cabaret songs. It is said that rehersals were done for”Mera naam chin chin chu”. Shakti Samanta was the Director of the film. O.P.Nayyar never tolerated any interference fro the Producers or the Directors. Shakti da wanted that song to go to Geeta,as he genuinely felt that she is better suited to sing it. He called Nayyar one day and coolly explained to him the situation. Miraculously,Nayyar accepted the suggestion without a word of protest. May be his conscience was biting him,or may be he too thought on those lines. Whatever be the reason,Geeta was summoned next day and the song was given to her. The rest is History…….as they say !

The Dance Director was A Satyanarayana,who participated in almost every club dance he choreographed. He did an excellent job for this song and the song became the highlight of the film,along with Asha’s ‘Aayiye meherban’. This is my most favourite song for 3 reasons.One-the tune is very catchy, two-Geeta ji’s voice is very seductive here and three-the choreography of the song is just superb !

Now, cut to….

City- Bombay

Date- 20th July 1972
Place- Harkissondas Hospital,Bombay

Few people were standing in the corridor . Anxiety,sorrow,helplessness and a little hope was clearly writ on their faces.They were all quiet.No one was talking to anyone.Their body language gave away their agony and restlessness.

Suddenly,a Doctor came out of a patient’s room.All ran to him and then stopped.The Doctor’s face and the tears in his eyes told them what they were afraid of !
No one said anything.No one asked anything. The Doctor said, ” I am sorry.She is no more.” He left, dragging his heavy feet.

The end of an Angel had come !
Geeta Dutt was gone for ever !!
Only her memories and the inimitable voice was left behind !!!

Born on 23-11-1930 at Idlapur in Fareedkot District of East Bengal,to a big Zamindar,Devendranath Roy Chaudhury and Amiya Roy Chaudhury,Geeta inherited her mother’s love for music.She learnt Classical Music from Pt.Hirendranath Chaudhury,while studying in an Anglo-Bangla school.

When she was just 12 year old,the family had to run away from East Bengal,to save their lives-leaving all property behind- to Bombay. In Bombay,we all know how Pt. Hanuman Prasad,MD(ex husband of Lalita Pawar) discovered her for playback in Hindi films. Later when S D Burman heard her singing,he knew instinctively that this was the voice which will make him successful and establish in Bombay.Till then Burman had not succeeded much to his satisfaction. To give her songs in ‘ Do Bhai ‘-47, he had to convince Chunilal of Filmistan,with great difficulty.

Geeta did not disappoint.’ Mera sunder sapna beet gaya” and ” Yaad karoge” made history and put both Geeta and Burman in Top league overnight.

Do Bhai made other famous composers to sit up and take notice of this new voice. They lined up to give Geeta ‘ Gaaon’-47(Khemchand Prakash), Leela, Shehnai and Saajan-47 ( C.Ramchandra), Geet Govind-47 (Gyan Dutt), Actress-48 (Shyamsunder), Chunariya-48 (Hansraj Behl), Padmini-48 (Ghulam Hyder) and Ek thi Larki-49(Vinod).

1950 was Geeta’s year.Many hits came – Banwre nain, Har Har Mahadev and Jogan solidified her position on Top.Composers felt she was inevitable,for their success.

Before recording, Geeta used to sit with Lyricist,understand the words and the implied meanings, then hear the tune from the composer and then sing in her own style. Basically, Geeta was very Gifted and hence with just one rehearsal, she could record the song to the entire satisfaction of all concerned. This made her the darling of the Composers.

Now,the newer MDs like,Hemant kumar, Vasant Desai, Madan Mohan and O P Nayyar also vied with each others to take Geeta. While doing Baazi -51, she met Guru Dutt and they got married on 26-5-1953. She was earning thousands of rupees in singing,but that time Guru Dutt was not that successful.Some magazines and Papers,said that he married Geeta for her money. Guru Dutt was furious and asked Geeta NOT to sing for others,restricting her to only his films.This suffocated her and she rebelled against it,which spoiled their relationship further.

Geeta had a liking and flair for acting. In Calcutta,she had acted as a Heroine in Bangla film-‘ Badhu Baran”. She got many offers but once she decided to settle in Bombay she refused all offers. Few people know that in Bombay a Hindi film- ‘ Tera saath hai Pyaara ‘,with Geeta as a Heroine had started,but unfortunately,after few reels,the film got shelved. To give a chance to her and to mend their relationship, Guru Dutt started filming ‘ Gauri” with Geeta as a heroine. However due to reasons well known to all, Geeta gave up this Bangla film, half way. This made the couple more distanced from each others. We all know the story’s end…..

Somewhere in 1971,there was a programme ” Yaaden Shakeel ki” in Bhaidas Hall, Parle. I had gone to that programme and I saw Geeta Dutt there.Many singers had come there-Rafi, Mukesh, Mahendra kapoor, Chandru Atma and Lata. When Lata was to come for singing there was a flurry of activity on the stage with everybody trying to please Lata. Lata came,sang and left like a Queen. When Geeta came on the stage, hardly anyone did anything for her. This is how this world is ! Geeta came, drew Harmonium near her and sang a Gazal of Shakeel Badayuni. When she finished,there was a clapping louder than what Lata had received,from the Audience-people knew her value !!

Geeta was optimistic even in 1971. She used to say, ‘ If 2 hit songs in Aradhana can take Kishore Kumar to the Top, even 2 Hit songs for me will do the same.” But it was not to be. Even the regular composers like O P Nayyar turned their backs on her. The Destiny decided to call her back !!!

One of my regrets was that if only Naushad had supported Geeta, she would have gained eminence for his songs for ever, like Saigal, Surendra, Parul Ghosh, Zohrabai, Amirbai, Naseem Akhtar, Shamshad, Noorjehan, Suraiya, UmaDevi, Talat, Mukesh, Rafi and Lata….but Geeta’s name was not in this list. I am not a statistician,so I can not say how many songs she sang for Naushad, but I am sure it was almost nothing !

Geeta’s voice was typical Bengali.She sang sad songs most wonderfully. Burman da who gave her emotional songs in Do Bhai, also gave her peppy club songs in Baazi, to make use of the sexy tinge in her voice. Further O P Nayyar fully exploited this special feature in Geeta’s voice. Her voice was sometimes sweet sometimes Namkeen. It had a depth. In this case, Geeta was one step ahead of Lata. Geeta’s voice was different for every situation. When she sang,’ Baat chalat nayee chunari’, you felt she would have been a better singer- classical singer than Laxmishankar. When she sang,’ Main to Giridhar ke ghar jaoon ‘, you felt Oneness with God,hearing her Bhaktiras dripping voice.

Juthika Roy was famous for Meera Bhajans, but I always felt that her voice was same in any Bhajan, while Geeta’s Bhajans exuded different emotions in every Bhajan.

While singing Club songs, Geeta was a different person. Just recall that ‘Hey hey hey hey before Tadbeer se bigdi hui taqdeer bana le song or listen to O Babu O Lala or Mera naam chin chin chu, then you will realise what I am saying !

One very important point in Geeta’s singing is not highlighted by many. In Hindi films there are many Male and female versions of songs and many singers have sung them.While singing such female version songs, Geeta never lost to the male singers ! All Geeta versions were more popular than the Male versions.

Both Asha and Lata lost on this count.

You will remember Kishore’s ” Jeevan ke safar me raahi” but not Lata’s version. You will remember Talat’s ” Aye gham-e-dil kya karoon’ but not Asha’s version. Kishore was better than Asha in ” Zindagi ek safar hai Suhana” versions and also Kishore was better than Lata’s version of ” Khilte hai gul yahan’.

When it comes to Geeta, she never lost to male versions. C H Atma’s ” Preetam aan milo” is remembered by less people than Geeta’s ” Preetam aan milo” from Mr. and Mrs.55 (same song. Written by Saroj Mohini Nayyar, O.P.’s wife). Geeta’s “Kaise koi jiye (Baadbaan)” is much better than Hemant Kumar’s version. Similarly,” Hai ye duniya kaun si'(Sailaab) and ‘ Na ye chand hoga”(Shart). In both songs, Geeta is superior and more popular than Hemant kumar. (There is a story behind the song-Na ye chaand Hoga. Once a jilted young lover committed suicide under train at Patna. In his pocket these lines were written on a paper-Tumhare liye hain, tumhare rahenge, Na ye chand hoga, na tare rahenge, magar hum hamesha tumhare rahenge. Lyricist S.H.Bihari used these lines in his song).

On 22nd July 1972,just 2 days after Geeta’s death, there was a preplanned programme of Juthika Roy in Birla Matoshri Sabhagriha,Bombay. I had booked my tickets well in advance, so I went there. In the beginning everyone paid respects to Geeta Dutt, by standing for 2 Minutes. Talat, Jagmohan and Surendra were also there. Then Juthika Roy came on stage, drew Harmonium near her and started singing ‘ Pag ghungaroo bandh…” .

I was lost in Geeta’s memory and saw Geeta with a Harmonium singing ” Main to Giridhar ke ghar jaoon”………………….

( My thanks to Geet yatri by Madhav Moholkar, Smaranyatra-by Subhash chandra Jadhav, and Hamari yaad aayegi by Arun Puranik, and geetadutt.com ,from which I have used some information for this article.)


Song- Dekho ji dil na todo nahin to main ro doongi (Captain Kishore)(1957) Singer- Geeta Dutt, Lyrics- Raja Mehdi Ali Khan, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

Dekho ji dil na todo
nahin to main
ro doongi
chhodo jee zidd ye chhodo
nahin to main
ro doongi

dekho jee dekho
naye fashion ka zamaana hai
main to nayi hoon
mera sab zewar puraana hai
dekho jee dekho
naye fashion ka zamaana hai
main to nayi hoon
mera sab zewar puraana hai
necklace mangaa do jee
locket dilwa do jee
tik tik kare jo ghadi
chhoti si wo laa do jee
gahnon se mujhko saja do
nahin to main
ro doongi
dekho ji dil na todo
nahin to main
ro doongi

duniya dikha do
saare hawaai jahaaz se
haathhon mein chhatri le ke
utroongi main naaz se
duniya dikha do
saare hawaai jahaaz se
haathhon mein chhatri le ke
utroongi main naaz se
London mein ghoomoongi
Paris mein jhoomoongi
Roos ke laal laal phoolon ko main choomoongi
jaldi se ticket mangwa do
nahin to main
ro doongi
dekho ji dil na todo
nahin to main
ro doongi

baag ho bangla ho
American motor car ho
oonchi society mein
mera intzaar ho
baag ho bangla ho
American motor car ho
oonchi society mein
mera intzaar ho
naghme sunaaoongi
jaadoo jagaaoongi
apne ishaaron pe
main sab ko nachaaungi
yes keh ke mujh ko hansa do
nahin to main
ro doongi
Dekho ji dil na todo
nahin to main
ro doongi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3940 Post No. : 15016

“Ek Jhalak”(1957) was produced by Deep Khosla and Pradeep Kumar and directed by Kalidas for Deep and Pradeep Productions, Bombay. The movie had Vyjyantimala, Pradeep Kumar, Anita Guha, Rajendra Kumar, Pran, Mubarak, Lalita Pawar, Bipin Gupta, Randhir, Om Prakash, Hira Sawant, Rashid Khan, Tuntun, CV Rao, Patanjali, Gajendra, Amin, Fazal Khan, Saar, Deep Khosla etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Six songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Ek Jhalak”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song, perhaps the least heard song from the movie, is sung by Geeta Dutt. S H Bihari is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this rare song of “roothhne manaana” genre.


Song-Kis liye maathe pe bal hai (Ek Jhalak)(1957) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun
kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun
dil se jab iqraar hai to
munh se phir inkaar kyun
dil se jab iqraar hai to
munh se phir inkaar kyun
kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun

aap ki khaamoshiyaan
achchi nahin lagti hamen
aap ki khaamoshiyaan
achchi nahin lagti hamen
aji kuchh to kahiye
kya hua
naaraaz hain sarkaar kyun
kuchh to kahiye
kya hua
naaraaz hain sarkaar kyun
kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun

dil ne chaahaa aap ko
ismein hamaara kya qusoor
dil ne chaahaa aap ko
ismein hamaara kya qusoor
baat hai chhoti si phir bhi
is qadar taqraar kyun
baat hai chhoti si phir bhi
is qadar taqraar kyun
kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun

aap ke hote huye bhi
kyun na ho
dil ka ilaaj kahiye
kyun na ho
dil ka ilaaj
siskiyaan le le ke mar jaayen
bhala beemaar kyun
siskiyaan le le ke mar jaayen
bhala beemaar kyun
kis liye maathe pe bal hai
ranj ka izhaar kyun

baat meri maan lo
ik baar to keh do jee
dil se haan
baat meri maan lo
ik baar to keh do jee
dil se haan
hmm
naa naa naa


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3922 Post No. : 14987

Shamshad Begum, a name too familiar to music lovers of the golden era was born on this day 100 years ago (on 14 april 1919). Her voice, much distinct from all others had that metallic as well as melodious touch which brought her fame from all over the country.

April 14 did ring a bell, but I was not very much aware that it was her birth centenary this year. A comment from one of the regulars Partha Chanda ji on the anniversary pages was enough for me to get this post going.

As I have said earlier, the expectations of music lovers from this blog continues to grow. Music lovers are aware that probably nothing new may be written about such great artists, but they know that this is one of the few places on the internet, where legends are often celebrated and discussed. Apart from hearing these golden compositions and voices, reading about other people’s views and appreciations especially of our favourites has become an enthusiastic habit.

Since, I got to get this post really fast, I would only like to restrict my views on a composer collaboration of Shamshad Begum, which I have no hesitation in considering as the best. Shamshad Begum sang many songs for almost all the composers of her era. Her singing to a few of such composers made her songs ever more popular. So popular that to this day some of these songs are re-mixed and enjoyed by a different class of people. However, it’s my personal opinion that the very songs which made her more popular with these composers were responsible for her fading away from the playback scene. It’s because she sort of got trapped with these special group songs and the more serious songs meant for the lead actresses went to Lata. I would love to write more elaborately on this subject and my views on it some other time.

Avid music lovers can easily understand which composers I am referring to in the above para, but in this post I would like to talk about her playback for composer Naushad Ali.

I mean no discredit to other great composers like Anil Biswas, Ghulam Haider and Ghulam Mohammed etc. for whom Shamshad Begum sang some really good songs.

Naushad saab, created gold with every singer who sang for him and Shamshad Begum was no exception. Shahjehan, Dard, Anokhi Ada, Mela, Andaz, Chandni Raat, Dulari, Babul, Deedar, Jadoo, etc. stand tall in some of the best creations of Naushad’s career. And, Shamshad Begum was associated in a big way in the songs of all these films.

AK ji’s blog has very elaborate post on her songs with Naushad. Yours truly, in fact has the first comment on the post.
Talking about a few of these films, Shahjehan, the first film of the combo had very interesting numbers by Shamshad Begum. Dard was always a Suraiya, Munawar Sultana film, but Shamshad Begum carves a special place for herself with two great songs. Ye afsana nahi zaalim mere dil ki haqeeqat hai is my all time personal favourite.

Mela and Anokhi Ada will always remain special to me for the Mukesh connection. Just listen to Shamshad Begum singing …..ooooooo……. in Mohan ki muraliya baaje from Mela. I think the rendering cannot be appreciated with mere words. The effortless and elegant way with which the solo is sung makes me dumbstruck to this day.

I have fond memories of songs from Chandni Raat. During the good old cassette era, my parents and obviously I had not heard songs from this film quite too often. On a visit to Bombay, I had carried back this cassette. On playing at home, the songs from the film and especially the wonderful duets with Rafi saab became instant craze and are heard to this day.

Babul, Deedar etc, will also be remembered for the contrasting voices of Lata-Shamshad in duet songs and elegant composition by Naushad saab.
It would not be out of place or wrong to say that she was sort of side-casted in favour of Lata, but even in the latter films of Naushad whenever she rendered the odd songs or supported in duets, the class and elegance remained.

Writing about her last days in her singing career will yield nothing. The metallic and melodious voice with crystal clear diction will remain ringing in our ears for decades to come.

On her birth centenary, I pay my humble tributes to Shamshad Begum and would like to represent a song from Aadmi (1957)


Song-Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke yaad aayi (Aadmi)(1957) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Sartaj Rahmani, MD-Ramnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

aankhon mein pyaar liye
aaye sanwariya
aaye sanwariya ji
aaye sanwariya

loot ke chale gaye
man ki nagariya
man ki nagariya
ho man ki nagariya

kaisa ye dhokha khaaya
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

marzi tumhaari piya
aao na aao
aao na aao ji
aao na aao

dil ko sambhaaloon kaise
ye to bataao
ye to bataao ji
ye to bataao

kaise wo aag bujhaaoon
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

kaise kahoon sakhiyon se
dil pe tera raaz hai
dil pe tera raaz hai ji
dil pe tera raaz hai

jhuki jhuki ankhiyon mein
duniya ki laaj hai
duniya ki laaj hai ho
duniya ki laaj hai

bedardi tu na aaya
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3915 Post No. : 14976

Today’s song is from the film Chandi Pooja-57.

The decade of the 1950’s was significant in HFM for many reasons. Firstly, this was the decade which saw the peak of the Golden Era of the HFM and also it witnessed the downward trend in the quality of music by the end of the decade. Secondly, those Music Directors who bloomed highest in the end of 40’s, slowly started their journey downwards. A glaring example is that of C.Ramchandra. At the same time, those Music Directors who had just started their ascent in the end period of the 1940’s, went to their Zenith, stayed there for a while and began their descent by early 1960s. Typical examples are Shankar-Jaikishen, S D Burman, Madan Mohan etc.

The last few remnants of HFM of 1940s like Khemchand Prakash (he died in 1950), Hansraj Behl, Gyan Dutt, K.Datta etc began their downward journey in this decade and new stars like N Dutta, Hemant Kumar etc emerged on the musical horizon.

Thirdly, the decade was a decade of Mythological and Religious films. As many as 124 such films were released under this Genre. Consequently, Music Directors like Avinash Vyas and S N Tripathi etc, who were specialists of this Genre prospered.

1957, in my opinion, was the Pinnacle of Hindi films in the Golden Era. What films! What Music !! What entertainment !!! Films were at their best in 1957. The list reads Aasha, Abhimaan, Ab Dilli door nahin, Agra Road, Apradhi kaun, Baarish, Bada Bhai, Begunah, Bhabhi, Champakali, Dekh Kabeera roya, Do aankhen bara haath, Ek gaon ki kahani, Ek jhalak, Ek saal, Gateway of India, Hum panchhi ek daal ke,, janam janam ke phere, Kathputli, Miss Bombai, Miss India, Miss Mary, Mother India, Mr. X, Nau do gyarah, Naya Daur, paying Guest, Pyaasa, Shaarda, Yahudi ki Ladki etc etc.

It seemed as if, leading Music Directors had decided to showcase their Best offerings to the HFM lovers in the decade of the 50’s. In this flood, other MDs like Narayan Dutt, Bipin-Babul, Avinash Vyas, Jimmy, Sanmukh Babu upadhyaya, B N Bali, A R Qureshi, Ram gangully, S Mohinder, Ghulam Mohammed, Kanu Ghosh, Ramlal, Vinod, Sardul kwatra, Husnlal Bhagatram were operating but without their presence being felt.

Among all the stalwarts and their films,there was one Music Director, who quietly performed his acts and disappeared . His name was Ajit Merchant. He is one of those who were successful in Gujarati films more than Hindi films. he did give some melodious songs, however, he was not successful. he was the son of Ratansy Jetha, a criminal Lawyer in Bombay. Born on 15-8-1922, he was the only child in the family.Instead of school education, he was more interested in learning Music. he was encouraged by his father and learned from Ustad Amaan ali khan of Bhendi Bazar and Shiv kumar Shukla ( Principal of Music college, Baroda). he also learnt western music from Amy Markerus.

He started as assistant to Ashok Ghosh and Anil Biswas. His first independent work as Music Director was film Refugee-48. Then came film Raaj kumari-55 (a remake of Tamil film Van sundari), Indraleela-56, Chandi Pooja-57, Rambhakta Bibhishan-58, Sapera-61, Challenge-64 and his last film Lady killer-68. He was a Music producer in A.I.R. from 1957 to 1967. He gave music to 32 Gujarati films and only 8 Hindi films. In Gujarati, he is best remembered for Dilip Dholakiya’s song ” Taari aankhno afini” from film Diwa Dandi-50. ( Mera joota hai Japani is inspired by this song). He also gave music to more than 200 Gujarati, Hindi and Marathi stage dramas. He left behind wife Nilamben , 4 daughters and 2 sons, when he died on 18-3-2011 at Bombay.

Film Chandi Pooja-57 was directed by Raman Desai. Raman B Desai was born in Bilimora,Gujarat,on 28-4-1918. At the age of 20 years he joined Wadia Movietone as an assistant Director. He assisted Director Chaturbhuj Doshi for quite some time. he became an independent Director with Pehli Pehchan in 1947. Then came Narad Muni,Raja harishchandra,Hari Darshan,Naag Panchami,Chakradhari,Rajyogi Bharthari,Navaratri,Waman Avataar,Ram navami,Grihalaxmi (he also produced it) and Amar jyoti-1965. he also directed 6 Gujarati films.Due to his expertise in religious films,he was known as ” King of Mythological Films”.

Raman B Desai expired on 22-12-1997. ( he should not be mistaken for another director Ramanlal Desai,who operated in the same period and directed films like Aab-e-Hayaat-55 and Sangeeta-50 etc).

The cast of the film was Nirupa Roy, Manhar Desai, Prem Adeeb, Shanta Apte ( her last film), Sapru and others. In hindi film, Shahu Modak and manhar Desai both were Christians, but became famous by doing Mythological and religious films and enacting Hindu Gods and Saints.

Manhar Desai was a Gujarati Christian-real name Malcolm Alfredo D’souza. He was born on 3-8-1917. He used to stammer when he was a boy. He used to act and sing in dramas and due to his stammering style, he was very popular on stage. After completing High school, he ran away to Bombay to join Films, but could not even enter any studio, Disappointed, he returned to his home and restarted studies. He joined Wilson college in Bombay for graduation. In college he started acting and singing on stage. He had a friend N.C.Pandey, who was also mad after films. He promised Manhar that if he becomes a Director, he will make manhar a Hero. While in college Manhar married his classmate, who was from U.P.

In 1947, Manhar got a call from his friend N.C.Pandey, who was to direct a Hindi film. He made manhar the Hero of this film and thus fulfilled his promise. Toofani Sawar-47 was the first film of Manhar Desai, in Hindi. He was invited to work in film Gunsundari-48 ( Gujarati), opposite Nirupa Roy. The film was Hit and he acted in next film Mangal Phera-49 with Nirupa Roy. This too became a Hit film in Gujarati and then there was no looking back. His next Hindi film was Madhosh-51 opposite Meena kumari. Following their success in Gujarati, Nirupa Roy and Manhar were paired in several Mythological films in Hindi. Films Naag Panchami-53 and Shivratri-54 made him a popular Hero in Hindi mythological films.

Manhar Desai was fond of Reading. During breaks in shooting, he would catch up with his reading. He also was a good painter. Manhar worked in 106 Hindi films. His last film was Nal Damyanti-88. In the last phase of his career, he was disillusioned about the working in films in this era, so he gave up working and retired. ManharDesai died on 25-2-1992.

Today’s song is a very melodious song. Many readers may still remember this song. My thanks to our Sadanand ji Kamath for locating this song and giving me the link, on my request, since I could not find it anywhere. This is the type of camaraderie that exists among the Atulites.


Song-Dig dig dig dig daiyya…chali meri Naiyya (Chandi Pooja)(1957) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Ajit Merchant
Chorus

Lyrics

Dig dig dig dig daiyya
aa aa aa aa aa
chali meri naiyya
aa aa aa aa aa
Dig dig dig dig daiyya
chali meri naiyya
bahe purwaiyya re
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

matwaali gopiyaan pukaaren
jaldi se aa mil kanhaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

ooper chalte kaale megha aa
kaale kaale megha re
ooper chalte kaale megha
neeche chalti naav
chalti naav re ae
aa gaye ham to door
rah gaya peechhe gokul gaanv
gokul gaanv re
man ki amraiyya hai sooni ee
aa ja re raas rachaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

dig dig dig dig daiyya
aa aa aa aa
chali teri naiyya
aa aa aa aa

dig dig dig dig daiyya
chali meri naiyya
bahe purwaiyya re
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re

chori chori kar ke bahaana aa
kar ke bahaana re
chori chori kar ke bahaana
ham nikle hain ghar se
nikle hain ghar se ae ae
mil ja re mohan
kaanp rahi hain ham duniya ke dar se
duniya ke dar se
lehron pe khelti patwaaren ae ae
karti hain chhappak chhappak chhaiyya
hey haiyya re haiyya
haiyya re


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3831 Post No. : 14838

Today, January 13th 2019 is the 92nd birth anniversary of one of the prominent Hindi film producers-directors who debuted in early 1950s as a director. In the 1960s, he mostly produced and directed romantic and musical films. In the 1970s and thereafter, he produced and directed films with emotional contents. He is Shakti Samanta, a self-made man after struggling for almost a decade to get a firm foothold in Hindi film industry. He had made immense contributions to Hindi film industry.

Shakti Samanta (13/01/1926 – 09/04/2009) was born in Burdwan (now Bardhaman in West Bengal). His father was an engineer who died in an accident while Shakti Samanta was a child. So, he was sent to his uncle’s place in Dehradun where he did the schooling. After completion of his intermediate, he came back to Calcutta (Kolkata) and completed his graduation in 1944.

Shakti Samanta went back to his uncle’s place to help him in his business. During his school days, he had become a fan of films produced by New Theatres and Bombay Talkies for their emotional and romantic contents respectively. So he had a fascination for becoming an singer-actor in Hindi films. Obviously, he spent more time in acting in local drama theatres than in the business work for which he was reprimanded by his uncle. Sometime in early 1947, he decided to leave his uncle’s house for Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue his wish to become a singer-actor. He took a job of a teacher in a Urdu school in Dapoli, about 200 kms from Mumbai to sustain himself while he scouted for acting roles in Mumbai.

Since it was a Muslim-run school, every Friday, Shakti Samanta would visit Mumbai to take a round of studios and return to Dapoli by late evening. There were many Bengalis in the Bombay Talkies which enabled him at least to gain entry into Bombay Talkies studio. Eventually, he got a free-lance job without pay but with free food at the canteen of the Bombay Talkies. Since he was proficient in Hindi and Urdu in addition to Bengali, he got work of translating the scripts written in Bengali into Hindi for director, Phani Majumdar for which he was paid.

One day, he met S D Burman who was composing music for ‘Do Bhai’ (1947), to get a playback singing work. S D Burman told him that though his voice was good, it was not good enough for the playback singing. So he advised Shakti Samanta to look for work in some other departments though he offered to take him for chorus singing. With this, it was the end of his dream of becoming a singer but the acting bug in him remained.

It was Ashok Kumar who told him to forget about becoming an actor and instead concentrate on film direction. In Bombay Talkies, he became the First Assistant to Director, Phani Majumdar. At that time, Guru Dutt was the First Assistant to Director, Gyan Mukherjee. When Phani Majumdar had no assignment, Shakti Samanta used to work as Second Assistant to Gyan Mukherjee. On the other hand, when Gyan Mukherjee had no assignments, Guru Dutt used to work as Second Assistant to Phani Majumdar. So in 1947, Guru Dutt and Shakti Samanta were familiar with each other. While Guru Dutt could get his first directorial assignment for ‘Baazi’ (1951), it was a long wait for Shakti Samanta to make a debut as a director in 1955.

Post-partition, after the initial hiccups due to migration of film artists and technicians, Shakti Samanta got some assignments like assistant to the director Satish Nigam in ‘Sunhere Din’ (1948) and to Phani Majumdar in ‘Tamasha’ (1952) and ‘Dhobi Doctor’ (1954). He wrote script and dialogues for Bombay Talkies ‘Baadbaan’ (1954).

Shakti Samanta’s debut film as a director was ‘Bahu’ (1955) which he got by a sheer luck. The film was produced by Bikram Pahwa which was to be directed by the writer, Vijendra Gaud. However, he had already signed his first directorial venture, ‘Kasturi’ (1954) and Shakti Samanta was his Assistant Director for this film. Vijendra Gurd was under contract not to take up direction in any other film until ‘Kasturi’ 1954) was released. Shakti Samanta got the opportunity to direct his debut film ‘Bahu’ (1955) as director. The film did not do well on the box office.

During the making of the ‘Bahu’ (1955), Shakti Samanta was signed to direct A. A. Nadiadwala’s film ‘Inspector’ (1956) in which his mentor, Ashok Kumar was paired with Geeta Bali. The film became a hit and with this film, Shakti Samanta was tagged as a successful director for the crime thrillers. After directing ‘Hill Station’ 1957 and ‘Sheroo’ (1957), Shakri Samanta floated his own banner, Shakti Films in 1957.

The first film under his banner, Shakti Films was ‘Howrah Bridge’ (1958) in which his mentor, Ashok Kumar was paired with Madhubala. The film was also a crime thriller and became hugely successful in terms of box office. This gave him enough money to produce and direct a film in the genre of social drama, ‘Insaan Jaag Utha’ (1959). The film did the average business despite some excellent song compositions by S D Burman.

Shakti Samanta directed next two successful thrillers, ‘Jalli Notes’ (1960) and ‘Singapore’ 1960) for other producers. His association with Shammi Kapoor and Jaikishan of Shankar-Jaikishan started with the film ‘Singapore’ (1960) and thereafter they became close friends. The trios were known as Shammi, Shakki and Jackie.

With ‘Naughty Boy’ (1962), Shakti Samanta entered into his first romantic comedy genre with Kishore Kumar and Madhubala in the lead roles. When about 10 reels of film were shot, Madhubala fell ill. She was taken to London for treatment. Since there was some uncertainty in her resuming shooting, Shakti Samanta replaced her with Kalpana. All shots of Madhubala were reshot with Kalpana. The film took a long time to complete as Kishore Kumar also got busy with taking care of Madhubala. To make the matter worst, S D Burman, the film’s music director, also fell ill. As a result, except for one song, rest of the songs of the film were recorded by R D Burman and Jaidev.

The delay in the completion of the film put Shakti Samanta in financial difficulties. He approached his good friend, Shammi Kapoor for finance who advised him to produce a new film in which he would act and partly finance the film. So ‘China Town’ (1962) was conceived. The film was released in August 1962 and became a box office hit. With money flowing in from the success of ‘China Town’ (1962), Shakti Samanta completed ‘Naughty Boy’ (1962) and got released in November 1962. The film failed at the box office.

After the debacle of ‘Naughty Boy’ (1962), Shakti Samanta seems to have shifted the focus on producing and directing the genre of romantic and musical films. He had with him now Shammi Kapoor and Jaikishan to support such a genre of films. The film ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1964) was conceptualized with his two friends in mind. He had roped in a new comer, Sharmila Tagore whose parents were the family friend of Shakti Samanta, to act opposite Shammi Kapoor. It was a foregone conclusion that Shankar-Jaikishan would be the music director.

When O P Nayyar came to know about the new film, he requested Shakti Samanta to at least listen to his tunes before deciding on the music director. He also invited Shammi Kapoor for a musical sitting. Both were so much impressed with some 40 odds tunes O P Nayyar churned out, that both Shakti Samanta and Shammi Kapoor decided to take O P Nayyar as music director for ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1964) and selected 12 tunes out of which 9 tunes were used in the film and remaining 3 tunes were used in ‘Saawan KI Ghata’ (1966). The film was a blockbuster on the box office chart.

Shakti Samanta had lined up 3 films with Shammi Kapoor and Jaikishan combination. The first film, ‘Evening In Paris’ (1967) was a high budget film which were partly shot abroad. The film became successful at the box office. The second film ‘Pagla Kahin Ka’ (1970) was directed by Shakti Samanta for Ajit Chakravarty. The film was an average success. The third film, ‘Jaane Anjaane’ (1971) was in the planning stage when Shakti Samanta felt that Shammi Kapoor needed to reduce his weight before he started shooting for the film. He gave Shammi Kapoor six months’ time to reduce his weight. In the interregnum, Shakti Samanta decided to produce and direct a low budget social film ‘Aradhana’ (1969) which was his favourite genre inspired from the films of New Theatre. The saga of making of ‘Aradhana’ (1969) is interesting one.

Sometime in early 1960s, Sachin Bhowmik, the story, screen-play and dialogue writer had read out the story of Aradhana to Shakti Samanta. While he liked the story very much, he did not venture to make a film on the story as he felt that it would be difficult to get the lead actors to the roles envisaged in the story. This was also the views of Hrishikesh Mukherjee when Sachin Bhowmik had read out the story to him also. Since Shakti Samanta had now time to make a low budget film, he recalled the story of Aradhana and decided to make a low budget film.

Sharmila Tagore who was introduced in Hindi films by Shakti Samanta and Rajesh Khanna who was the discovery of United Producers-Filmfare Talent Contest (1965) in which Shakti Samanta was one of the judges, were taken for the lead roles. Sharmila Tagore was apprehensive of doing the mother’s role in her early filmy career. Rajesh Khanna had felt that his role had considerably lesser length than that of Sharmila Tagore whose presence in the film was from first to last frames. Shakti Samanta had to do a hard work to convince both the actors to remove their apprehensions as the roles were challenging from the acting point of view.

Since the story of the film was akin to the Bengali type of stories with emotional contents, Shakti Samanta was keen on S D Burman to take up the music direction of the film. However, here also he had to convince S D Burman to take up the music direction for the film. S D Burman rued that Shakti Samanta had so far engaged him as a music director only for his low budget films.

Just a day before ‘Aradhana’ (1969) was to start shooting, Surinder Kapoor, the producer of ‘Ek Shriman Ek Shrimati’ (1969) starring Shashi Kapoor and Babita invited Shakti Samanta to see rushes of the final climax of his film. He was shocked to see that the climax was the same as that was written for Aradhana. This was possible because both films were written by Sachin Bhowmick. The next day, Shakti Samanta had made up his mind to scrap Aradhana and asked Gulshan Nanda to work on his story, ‘Kati Patang’. But Gulshan Nanda along with another writer, Madhusudan Kalelkar convinced him that instead of scrapping the film, let there be some changes the second half of the story. Both of them reworked the second half of Aradhana in the next few hours and saved the film being scrapped.

When everything was set to start the shooting ‘Aradhana’, film distributors were not happy with casting the lead roles. They were of the view that the audience would not accept Sharmila Tagare in the role of mother who had so far done the glamorous roles. They also felt risky to give a new comer Rajesh Khanna the double role in the film. Again, Shakti Samanta was required to convince them that the lead actors would justify their roles.

‘Aradhana’ (1969) was completed in less than 6 months and was released sometime in October 1969. I had watched this film during the first week of its release as tickets were easily available. However, the box office collections of the film picked up from the second week onward mainly through words of mouth publicity. The film became the top grosser among the Hindi films released in 1969. The box office success of this film and later of ‘Bandhan’ (1969) and ‘Do Raaste’ (1970) made Rajesh Khanna a super star. In a print media interview, Shakti Samanta had acknowledged that from the gramophone record sales of ‘Aradhana’ only, he produced next five films. The records were dubbed and released in 5 languages, and were hits in every language.

With the success of ‘Aradhana’, Shakti Samanta ventured into producing more of social genre of films like ‘Kati Patang’ (1971), ‘Amar Prem’ (1972), ‘Anuraag’ (1972) which were also successful at the box office. However, after mid-1970, except for ‘Great Gambler’ (1979), Shakti Samanta could not get as much success at the box office as he got for his films in early 1970s. Just to balance the box office earnings, Shakti Samanta started producing bilingual films which were made in Hindi as well as in Bengali. He produced and directed the first bilingual film, ‘Amanush’ (1975) followed by ‘Anand Asharam’ (1979), ‘Barsaat Ki Ek Raat’ (1981), ‘Aar Paar’ (1985) etc.

In the 1990s, Shakti Samanta’s films could not match with the changing taste of the film audience. ‘Geetanjali’ (1993) was his last film as a director which failed at he box office. During this period, he had also become busy with his role as Chairman of the Film Censor Board for 7 years (1991-98) and as a Chairman of Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata for 2 years. Hence, some of the films produced under the banner of Shakti Films were directed by his son, Ashim Samanta.

During his 5 decades of long filmy career, Shakti Samanta directed 37 films and produced 43 films under his banner, Shakti Films. He also co-produced and directed an Indo-Bangla Desh Bengali film in 1984 which became a super hit. He set up Aradhana Sound Service, the digital audio post-production facilities films. He received Filmfare Award for ‘Aradhana’ (1969), ‘Anuraag’ (1972) and ‘Amaanush’ (1975) under ‘Best Films’ category.

Shakti Samanta breathed his last on April 9, 2009 after a brief illness due to stroke.

For the occasion, I have selected a song from one of the films from Shakti Samanta’s struggling years to establish himself in the Hindi film industry. The song is ‘ye maara wo maara koi jeeta koi haara’ from ‘Hill Station’ (1957). The song is sung by Geeta Dutt on the lyrics of S H Bihari which is set to music by Hemant Kumar. From the lyrics and the tone of the song, it appears to be a club song probably picturised on Sheila Vaz.

——————————————————————————————————————-
Note: The information on Shakti Samanta with some associated anecdotes have been sourced from many interviews he gave both to the print media as well as to the electronic media, mostly during the 1990s. Some information has also been sourced from the interview Ashim Samanta gave for a FM Radio Channel in 2016.


Song-Ye maara wo maara (Hill Station)(1957) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

ye maara
wo maara

ye maara
wo maara
koi jeeta aur koi haara
haar jeet kaa khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
ye maara

teri zindagi mein
aise mauke suhaane naa aayenge
teri zindagi mein
aise mauke suhaane naa aayenge
tere yahi patte
tera bigda muqaddar banaayenge
yahi chamkega teri naseeb ka taara
haar jeet ka khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
o maara
ye maara wo maara
koi jeeta aur koi haara
haar jeet ka khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
ye maara

dekh o matwaale
aaj se apna daaman bachaaye jaa
dekh o matwaale
aaj se apna daaman bachaaye jaa
sun ae bhole bhaale
kabhi kismat se dhokha bhi khaaye jaa
rona hansna to jeevan ka khel hai saara
haar jeet ka khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
ho maara
ye maara wo maara
koi jeeta aur koi haara
haar jeet ka khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
ho maara
ye maara
wo maara
koi jeeta aur koi haara
haar jeet ka khel ye dekho
kitna hai pyaara
ye maara


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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