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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Song with a message’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3780 Post No. : 14760 Movie Count :

4036

Do you like Magic ?

I do.

Most people like magic. Right from our childhood, we have been reading stories of Magic. Good Magicians. Bad Magicians. Most fairy tales are full of magic. Magic is the escape route for the aggrieved and stressed mind. Even when we grew up,how we wished that we could do some magic and achieve what we wanted or solve the distressing problem !

Not only Children’s books, but even Mythological stories are full of Magic. No God is a God if he does not do Magic ! Every adult has a child hidden in him. Magic satiates the child’s desires. Days of real Magic were imaginary, but stage Magicians created sleight of hand shows, Hypnotism, Illusions and clever tricks on the stage to make a smart substitute for real magic.

At the same time, film makers took up interesting magical stories like Alladin to make films for their audience. Alladin, Gul e Bakavli and stories of their ilk entertained not only the children, but also adults, who lapped them up. From the Film Title Index of Hamraz ji, I counted about 36 films with the word Jadu in its titles, Magic in 10, Ram in 25, Krishna in 23, Shree in 36. Add to this, films made with other alphabets on the various saints, Gods, Satis, Matas and Bhagwan etc etc. During the 10 years period from 1950 to 1959 alone, 124 Mythological films were made !

This only shows that films having Magic were a popular brand and so ‘C’ grade films like Jadui Angoothi, Jadui Shehnai, Jadui Chitra, Jadui this and Jadui that etc were made.

One of these magic films was Jadui Bansari-48, made by Mohan Pictures-known for quickies and C grade stunt/action and fantasy films. It was directed by Nanubhai Vakil and the music was by Damodar Sharma. Lyricist was Roopbani and the cast was Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Ansari, Master Bachha, Anwari and others.

Talking of C grade Action,Historical, Fantasy and Costume films, in India ( and probably elsewhere in the world), there was a class of people, who not only liked these types of films but also were addicted to them. People went to theatre to forget the daily troubles of living a life and to enjoy few moments. For this purpose some people liked music, some liked emotions, some tragedy and yet some comedy. Films were made to cater to every type of audience. Due to this “speciality” actors were identified and thus we had Comedians, Tragedy Kings and queens,Great actors,Great singers and also Great Fighters.

Normally the shift of any actor from one Genre to the other was not acceptable to the audience. That is why, when the Romantic Hero of the late 30s and the 40s-Ashok Kumar acted as King Humayun and ran ( in a feminine style) with a spear in hand, in the film Humayun-1945, the audience ridiculed and laughed at him in the Theatres ! Even when Master Bhagwan acted in a serious role, the public used to laugh treating it as a comedy. Trilok Kapoor never succeeded in a social film. Of course there were some exceptional cases like actress Meena Kumari who changed over from Mythological films to social films and became No 1 star ultimately. But this was a rare and exceptional case.

Not only actors, even Directors and Producers were known for the specialities of films they made. Those who excelled in C grade films rarely tried their hand at other Genres and when they did try, they failed miserably. Here again is an exception in the form of Master Bhagwan-who transitioned from Action film to social films with his “Albela”-1951 and succeeded with this film but all his subsequent films flopped. This was because “Albela” succeeded due to extraordinary music, which could never be replicated in any of his subsequent films that followed.

There was, however one Director who was comfortable with C grade films of Magic, Action, Costume, Fantasy etc. NANUBHAI VAKIL.

Nanubhai Vakil was born in a Desai family of Valsad in Gujarat in the year 1904. In his family there were many Advocates including his father, so their family name itself became Vakil. Nanubhai came to Bombay to study Law. He completed his B.A. LL.B from Wilson College, Bombay but he did not join his family profession. Instead he was attracted towards the film world.

He joined Sharada films as a screenplay writer and later joined Ranjit films as a Director. He directed 18 silent films for Ranjit studios. However, it was Sagar Movietone which gave him the first opportunity to direct his first Talkie film. It was the First Gujarati Talkie film, “Narsimh Mehto” in 1932. After this there was no looking back. He selected and became expert in directing only Fantasy,Stunt and Costume films.
In his career from 1929 to 1973 period,he directed 20 silent and 70 Talkie films -all stunt and fantasy films, except one social film Kya yeh Bambai hai in 1959.

He was associated with Mohan pictures for a long time and directed 18 films for this company. During this period he also married his Heroine Sarojini ( real name Roshan Jehan alias Ranee). They had one daughter-AZRA, who too became an actress. Sarojini was the sister of Indurani, who was married to Ramnik Shah, owner of Mohan Pictures. Thus Ramnik and Nanubhai were ‘Sadu’s ( Co-Brothers).

Unlike most of his colleagues ,who had no formal school education ,Mr Vakil was highly educated, being B.A.L.L.B. in those days. Since beginning,he was attracted to Fantasy & Arabian Night movies.He believed that,the audience visits the cinema hall,to experience some thing,which he has not seen in his real life.He wants to be entertained & to forget the harsh realities of the outer world.Fantasy/ Costume movies transports him to an imaginary world of King & Queens,where beside the crafty Vazir,he finds gorgeous girls dancing,the handsome,manly & brave hero,rescues the pretty damsel from the clutches of evil magician.The movie come to an end and the viewers come out from the theater,happy & satisfied,since evil doers have been eliminated & brave man living happily with the petite gal,in their fairy land. Bulbul E Bagh,Rashk E Laila,Fakhr E Islam,Gulshan E Alam,Kumud Kumari were his earlier movies.

In 50s & 60s, few of his movies were, Shan E Hatim,Khul Ja Sim Sim,ShanE Khuda, Idd Ka Chand,Noor Mahal,Flying Rani,Alam Ara Ki Beti,Bansri Bala, Hatim Tai Ka Beta etc..He made remakes of many movie like Lal E Yaman, Alam Ara (Twice, in 1956 & !973) & Hatim Tai Ki Beti in 1940 & 1955. During his five decades long career, he made movies with in a small budget, with less paid actors. Nanu Bhai Vakil had two productions Companies viz Desai Films & Vakil Production. All his movies had no connect with the present. Elite & pseudo intellectuals avoided to even discuss his movies, but Vakil Sahab had a dedicated audience consisting of common public,less privileged & so called front benchers,who enjoyed his brand of cinema.

His films included less known stars like Sarojini, Navin chandra, Rafiq, Prakash,Gulnar,Daljit, Chitra etc. He also worked with Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant,Jaddanbai,Shanta Hublikar, Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Shakila,Nirupa Roy, Nadira,Mehmood,Shobhana Samarth, Nirmala,her husband Arun Ahuja etc His MDs were also little known. However,Music Director A.R.Qureshi ( the famous Tabla Nawaz Alla Rakha-father of Zakir Hussain) gave music to his 18 films.

He never mixed with film folks and spent his life aloof. He quietly died on 29-12-1980 at Bombay.

Actress Anwari, who acted in film Jadui Bansari-48, was from a Tawayaf family of Lucknow. She started her acting career with film Heer Ranjha-32 and then she acted in film Pooran Bhagat-1932, along with K L Saigal. She joined East India Film co. and worked in films likeAurat ka pyar-33,Night Bird-34, Nagin-34 and Mumtaz Begum-34. She had also acted in another NT film Chandidas-34. She shifted her base to Bombay and worked in several films for next four decades. Her last film was Chaitali-1975. In all she did 140 films. She was known as ‘ Pride of Lucknow’ during her peak period. She was credited variously as Anwari Begum, Anwari, and Anwari bai. She expired somewhere in early 80s.

Among the old era MDs, Damodar Sharma was different, in the sense that his songs were always unlike those of his contemporaries. When you hear today’s song, you will notice that difference. From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to just 41 films. All his films were C grade films made by Paramount, Liberty, Ramnik Productions, Mohan Pictures and others. After 1948, he stopped getting films, so he worked as assistant to MD A.R.Qureshi till 1964. Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and A.R.Oza.

Amritlal R. Oza was a Nagar Bramhin from Gujarat. He joined Ranjit when Khemchand Prakash, Gyan Dutt and Bulo C Rani were paid musicians there. His first song came in Pujari-46. He was very friendly with Bulo C Rai and Hansraj behl. He sang maximum songs for them only. At the same time he sang in Gujarati films and he became very famous and popular there.

Some Hindi films in which he sang are, Lakhon mein ek-47, Nanad Bhojai-48, Bichhade Balam-49( he sang with Meenakumari also), Bhool Bhulaiyan-49, Nili-50 etc. He sang 39 songs in 23 Hindi films,but sang much and many more in Gujarati. After retirement he settled in Ahmedabad, where he died on 13-5-1985.

Let us now enjoy this fast paced lovely duet from Film Jadui Bansari-48, which makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo (Jaadui Bansari)(1948) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, A R Oza, Lyrics- Roopvani, MD- Damodar Sharma
Male chorus
All together

Lyrics

Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

pyaar se jab dil milte hain
pyaar se jab dil milte hain

man ke kamal tab khilte hain
man ke kamal tab khilte hain
jeet karo ya haar karo
jeet karo ya haar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
sabse naina chaar karo
sabse naina chaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

hamne dekho
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyapaar kiya hai
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyopaar kiya hai

tum bhi ye vyapaar karo
tum bhi ye vyapaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo o

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This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3773 Post No. : 14750 Movie Count :

4034

na tu zameen ke liye hai na aasmaan ke liye
tera wajood hai sirf dastaan ke liye
 

palat ke su-e-chaman dekhne se kya hogaa
wo shaakh hi na rahi jo thhi aashiyaan ke liye

garaz paarast jahaan mein wafaa talaash na kar
ye shai bani hai kisi dusre jahan ke liye

Thus wrote Sahir Ludhianvi for the film ‘Daastaan’ (1972). Here he takes a cue from Allama Iqbal who said ….

na tu zameen ke liye hai na aasmaan ke liye
jahaan hai tere liye tu nahin jahaan ke liye

Ever the cynic….

Whereas Iqbal was always motivational, Sahir had an inverted view of things.  Maybe this solitude and despair was because of ‘Pyasaa” or vice versa.  Take the instance of “Wo Sub’ha Kabhi To Aayegi“ in the film ‘Phir Subah hogi’ (1958). These verses are said to have inspired his contemporary Jaan Nisaar Akhtar to write the song “Gham Ki Andheri Raat Mein” in ‘Susheela’ (1966), with the lines,

gham ki andheri raat mein dil ko na beqaraar kar
sub’ha zaroor aayegi, sub’ha ka intezaar kar

Just last week, I was thinking about the Hindi poem I had written in 2016. It was published in my office magazine. This poem has some heavy references of Sahir’s songs.  And that I should write a post about Sahir Ludhianvi on his anniversary. But for some reason I had the impression that his death anniversary falls in June or July. I thought I will look up on the blog for the birth anniversary and if it is anytime soon I will write a post.

As it happened my office computer was out of order last week and it returned to work only on Friday and there is no lap-top currently in my use at home, I missed the opportunity to write this article on time. It was Raja ji’s article which alerted me to the fact of Sahir Ludhianvi’s death anniversary on 25th October.

Before I get to the song in hand, let’s take a look at my poem.  This is rather long and I am told it lacks something.  But this is the finished product:

कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ?

सुना मैंने के कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती
सोचा के अपनी सी कुछ कोशिश मैं भी कर देखूं
कोशिश एक जद्द-ओ-जहद हालात को बेहतर करने की
कोशिश जो हर एक करे खुद को बेहतर इंसान बनाने की
कोशिश वो जो अपने परिवार की, सम्मान की रक्षा की
कोशिश के ऐसे जीऐं अपना स्तर उँचा हो नजर में खुदा की
कोशिश वो जो हो इज्जत से जीने की और इज्जतदार मरने की
फिर कहें
कि कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

फिर कहा किसी ने कि मरने की बात क्यू करें
मौत में कैसी इज्जत कैसी आबरू
क्यूं जब मर कर बाबुल से नजरें मिलाना है
तो जीना और मरना ऐसे रहे के अपना सर उँचा हो
ये ना हो कि बहू और बेटी को बाजार में खड़ा करे
और कहें कि
कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

शायद ये साहिर नें 1957 में लिखा हो के
“संसार की हरेक बेशर्मी
गुरबत की गोद में पलती है”
सोचने लगी के क्या ये आज भी सच है
कोई सोचे या नहीं, बात काबिले गौर है
क्यूं की
कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

और कहा साहिर ने के
“अवतार पयंबर जनती है,
फिर भी शैतान की बेटी है”
मुझे लगा जैसे आज मैं ही बैठी हूं
किसी टेलीविजन के ‘टॉक शो’ पर
और दुहार लगाई हूं “फ्रीडम ऑफ एक्सप्रेशन” की
वहां तक,
कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

आज का दौर हम सब ‘अय्याश’!
माडर्न और सैवी होने का हमें फक्र है

‘अय्याश’ इतना ‘ओल्ड फैशन्ड’ शब्द है,
की ‘हम अय्याश’ सुन कर सब चौंके,
अय्याश वो है जो ऐश में डूबा हुआ है
जिंदगी के मजे लेने में, जानों और पहचानों
“औरत ने जन्म दिया मर्दों को, मर्दों ने उसे बाजार दिया”
और तो
कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

मेरी बहनों और बेटियों, अपनी इज्जत अपने हाथ
जब खुद अपनी इज्जत करना सीख जाओ
के औरों को तुम्हारी इस्मत पर नजर डालते शरम आये
संघर्ष का सब से बड़ा मैदान यहीं है के
कोख में अपनी बेटी का कत्ल ना होने देना हरगिज
और ना खुद को शैतान की बेटी बनने दो,
बात बहुत बड़ी मेरी तुच्छ कलम कह गयी
सच है,
कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

ओ बाबुल प्यारे, मुझे नाज से लाड से पालने वाले
कल तू मुझे संजोता, संवारता था और ससुराल भेजता
कल मैं तेरी आँखों की चमक और पगड़ी का फक्र थी
आज ये हाल है, कि हम अपनी बेटियों को परदेसी कर देते हैं
ताकि वो अपनी पोजिशन बनाये दुनियाँ में
जाओ,
के कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती ।

नतीजा ये की आज दुनियाँ की कोई गैर-जरूरी चीज नहीं
जिसे बेचने में मेरा इस्तेमाल नहीं होता
आज मैं हर अखबार में हर फिल्मी पोस्टर में
हर पल हर वक्त बेची और खरीदी जाती हूं
मजे की बात तो ये हुई के मुझे एहसास तक नहीं
की मैं हर लम्हे कितनी “निर्भय” हो गई इस बाजार में
पता है, कोशिश करने वालों की कभी हार नहीं होती
अगर ये मेरी और तुम्हारी हार नहीं है
तो कोई मुझे बताये कि ये क्या है?

ये कैसी कोशिश है
कि हर तरह से मेरी हार होती है ।

Sounds rather like a long story.  But the story is original and sort of a parody of the original ‘Koshish Karnewaalon Ki Kabhi Haar Nahin Hoti” by Harivansh Rai Bachchan.

Now moving to the song in hand, from the film ‘Begum Jaan’ (2017).  This is an adaptation of the original song in “Phir Subah Hogi”(1958) written by Sahir Ludhianvi.   Only a word in the mukhda is changed and the whole song in re-rendered by Arjit Singh and Shreya Ghoshal. Credit for the lyrics and composition is given to Sahir Ludhianvi and Khayyam.
(As per myswar.com  http://myswar.co/song_details/begum-jaan-2017-woh-subah-hami-se-aayegi-7 )

A big fan of Arjit Singh I am not and this particular rendition has not endeared him to me.  I believe singing has to be of words and uttering words in a loose manner somehow dilutes the impact.  I don’t know if the singing here was required this way due to the situation, as I haven’t seen the movie.   The background music is a haunting fall back on “Tadap Tadap Ke Iss Dil Se” (‘Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam’, 1999). While listening to this and the original by Khaiyyam I was reminded of “Dekh Lo Aaj Hum Ko Ji Bhar Ke” (‘Baazaar’, 1982) as well as “Najariyaa Ki Maari” (“Pakeezah”, 1971).

This is a tribute to the poet of such inimitable songs such as:

Tum Mujhe Bhool Bhi Jaao To Ye Haqq Hai Tum Ko

Tum Agar Mujh Ko Na Chaaho To Koi Baat Nahi

Chalo Ek Baar Phir Se Ajnabi Ban Jaayen Ham Donon

Jaane Wo Kaise Log Thhe Jin Ke Pyar Ko Pyar Mila

Mann Re Tu Kaahe Na Dheer Dhare

And many more such songs.

[Editor’s Note: The delay in publication is an oversight of the editors, the author had sent in this contribution just in time.]


Song – Wo Sub’ha Ham Hi Se Aayegi (Begum Jaan) (2017) Singer – Arijit Singh, Shreya Ghoshal, Lyrics – Sahir Ludhianvi, MD – Khayyaam
Arijit Singh + Shreya Ghoshal
Chorus

Lyrics

in kaali sadiyon ke sar se
jab raat ka aanchal dhhalkega aa
aaaa aaaaa aaaaaaaaa
jab dukh ke baadal pighlenge
jab sukh ka saagar chhalkega aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa
jab ambar jhhoom ke naachega
jab dharti naghme gaayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi

jis sub’ha ki khaatir jug jug se
ham sab mar mar ke jeete hain

aaa aaa aaa
jis subah ki amrit ki dhun mein
ham zehar ke pyaale peete hain
in bhooki pyaasi roohon per
ek din to karam farmaayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi

maana ke abhi tere mere
armaanon ki qeemat kuch bhi nahin

hmm hmm hmm
mitti ka bhi hai kuchh mol magar
insaanon ki qeemat kuchh bhi nahin
aa aa aa
insaanon ki izzat jab jhoothhe
sikko mein na toli jaayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi
woh sub’ha hameen se aayegi

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

इन काली सदियों के सर से
जब रात का आँचल ढलकेगा
आssss आssss आssssssss 
जब दुख के बादल पिघलेंगे
जब सुख का सागर छलकेगा
आss आss आss आss
जब अम्बर झूम के नाचेगा
जब धरती नग़मे गाएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी

जिस सुबहा की खातिर जुग जुग से
हम सब मर मर के जीते हैं
आss आss आss
जिस सुबहा के अमृत की धुन में
हम ज़हर के प्याले पीते हैं
इन भूखी प्यासी रूहों पर
एक दिन तो करम फरमाएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी

माना के अभी तेरे मेरे
अरमानों की क़ीमत कुछ भी नहीं
हम्ममम हम्ममम हम्ममम
मिट्टी का भी है कुछ मोल मगर
इन्सानों की क़ीमत कुछ भी नहीं
आs आs आs
इन्सानों की इज्ज़त जब झूठे
सिक्कों में ना तोली जाएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी
वो सुबहा हमीं से आएगी


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3771 Post No. : 14747

Aah haa haa, what fun – “हम भी अगर बच्चे होते॰ ॰ ॰” and all the rest of the exuberant pandemonium that is involved in being a child – does it not give you a high of the mischievous anarchy that we have always enjoyed; sometimes secretly and most of the time overtly – “ना नौकरी की चिंता, ना रोटी की फिकर”.

To the child in all of us, who never grows up. I am sure you all know such ’children’. And I am also sure we all are very well acquainted with the person we see every day in the mirror, no matter whether there is hair on the pate to comb or no. 🙂  I dearly remember one of the managers I have worked with in the US, completely bald but very energetic – he always introduced himself as – “. . . a five year old imprisoned in a sixty five year old body”. And then, of course, we have our dear Bakshish Singh ji, who proudly claims his age to be 22-and-a-half years, three months and a few days, whenever you may ask him. And he has a stay order from the Supreme Court to back his claim. Too sad that I met him ten years after he got his orders; my stay order (from the same Supreme Court) stands at 32. 😀 😀

Music, especially the evergreen HFM, surely does wonders – does is not?

Celebrating the Children’s Day today, 14th November, and greetings to all the ‘child’ readers and friends on this blog 🙂

Thinking about it puts a little dismay in my mind, that we have special days set aside to remind ourselves about things and facts and experiences, which actually are a matter of, rather a part and parcel of our everyday life. We have Mother’s Day, and Father’s Day, and then we have Children’s Day. For the matter of celebration and to highlight this connection, it is okay that we have one day earmarked. But then we should also be aware of, and be celebrating these concepts everyday in our lives.

It is also the birth anniversary of the first Prime Minister of our country, after India became a free nation. Jawaharlal Nehru’s name got associated with this day, or rather the other way round – that his birthday was declared as the Children’s Day – for the recognition of his endearment to children, and his own professed acknowledgement that we need to celebrate the future leaders of this nation. Not to put any other twist on this thread, 🙂 I move on to the song being introduced with this post.

When you hear it, I am very sure the avid listeners of the radio will immediately recall this song. It used to be played often, especially on today’s day, and was a favorite. For a few months now, some of the regular visitor’s to my YT channel have been requesting for this song to be uploaded. This started after I uploaded another song from this film – ‘Hamaara Ghar’ from 1964 – “Chale Hawa Purvaai”. When I uploaded this song on 18th Jun last year, I got many requests to upload the song we are discussing today. Somehow, I just held on to those requests, wanting to bring this song online on this day. I missed the event of last year, and so the regular procrastination 😦  made me put it off for one full year.

The jingle that this song is, brings to mind many such jingles from the earlier days, when we had many group games which had songs attached to them. Here in north India, there are many such jingles part of the common folklore, such as “Kokila Chhupake Jumme Raat Aayi Hai. . .” (“कोकिला छुपाके जुम्मे रात आई है॰ ॰ ॰”), and “Aat Qila Bhai Baat Qila. . .” (“आटकिला भई बाटकिला, भई आमों वाली कोठरी॰ ॰ ॰”), and “Poshampa Bhai Poshampa, Daakuon Ne Kya Kiya. . .” (“पोशम्पा भई पोशम्पा, डाकुओं ने क्या किया॰ ॰ ॰”) etc. And ah yes, a very familiar one which we borrowed from the Britishers – “Ring a Ring o’ Roses, Pocket Full of Posies. . .”. Maybe some readers (five year olds struggling inside much older bodies) will recall these songs. And I am sure there are similar such game jingles popular in all regions in our vast sub continent. We used to sing these songs as we played the corresponding games – a group of 10 to 20 kids, all intent on having just fun. Sadly, the newer generation of youngsters hardly gets together to play such games, or make up such newer jingles. It surely is a lot of fun. 🙂

This particular jingle, apparently played as a child game, tells about one huffy-puffy arrogant royalty, who probably is not friendly with the people, and the people then teach him a lesson by putting a restriction on his food supply. And so the singers of this song tease this royalty and show him their thumbs (“ठेंगा॰ ॰ ॰”) while singing that now you go and eat your gold and diamonds, and that you are going to regret this arrogance; you will not be served bread (“रोटी”). In the second stanza, now the people are teasing that the royalty does not want to do any work, and so they will have to survive on dust and stones; they shall still not be served any bread. Then, in the third stanza, the people are singing that at last the royalty has come out of their palace, and are being remorseful and apologetic; so they are made to dance while holding their ears, and sing while holding their nose. And only then, having danced and sung as such, will they be given “रोटी” to eat.

Although presented as this delightful children’s song, this jingle surely is a stark comment on the social divide that exists in the society, telling about the arrogance of the so called ‘haves’, who in reality are not in a position to even feed themselves without the effort and assistance of the ‘have nots’, and the actual strength of the so called ‘have nots’ in being able to produce and provide that which is the most crucial thing required for survival – “रोटी”.

And to be so expected, given that this jingle is written by Ali Sardar Jafri. From his earliest days of creativity even as a student at Aligarh Muslim University, where he came under the influence of such progressive poets as Josh Malihabadi, Jigar Moradabadi and Firaaq Gorakhouri. He was also seriously influenced by the Communist ideology, and was expelled on account of being arrested by the British Govt., for writing anti-war poetry and being the secretary of the students wing of the Congress party. He later completed his studies from Zakir Hussain College, Delhi, and Lucknow University. He was a very active member of the Progressive Writers Movement and the IPTA (Indian People’s Theatre Association).

His works as a lyricist in Hindi films include ‘Naya Tarana’ (1943), ‘Dharti Ke Lal’ (1946), ‘Zalzala’ (1952), ‘Pardesi’ (1957), ‘Shehar Aur Sapna’ (1963), ‘Aasmaan Mahal’ (1965), and ‘Naxalite’ (1980). Between 1948 and 1978 he published eight poetry collections, which include, ‘Nai Duniya Ko Salaam’ (‘Salute to the New World’) (1948), ‘Khoon Ki Lakeer’ (‘A Line Of Blood’), ‘Amn Ka Sitara’ (‘Star Of Peace’), ‘Asia Jaag Utha’ (‘Asia Awakes’) (1951), ‘Patthar Ki Deewar’ (‘Wall Of Stone’) (1953), ‘Ek Khwab Aur’ (‘One More Dream’), ‘Pairahan e Sharar’ (‘The Robe of Sparks’) (1965) and ‘Lahu Pukarta Hai’ (‘The Blood Calls’) (1965). These were followed by ‘Awadh Ki Khae e Haseen’ (‘Beautiful Land of Awadh’), ‘Subhe Farda’ (‘Tomorrow Morning’), ‘Mera Safar’ (‘My Journey’) and his last anthology entitled ‘Sarhad’.

This last collection of poetry was carried by the then Prime Minister of India, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on his bus journey to Lahore in 1999. Atal ji had invited Jafri to accompany him on this trip but ill health prevented him from doing so. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee made history when he presented ‘Sarhad’, as a national gift, to the then prime minister of Pakistan, Janaab Nawaz Sharif, during the historic Lahore Summit, in February 1999. It was a milestone in Jafri’s life.
[Note: ‘Sarhad’ has also been produced as an audio album dedicated to Indo-Pakistan amity. It is produced by Squadron Leader Anil Sehgal and is composed and sung by ‘Bulbul e Kashmir’ Seema Anil Sehgal.]

In the course of his literary career spanning five decades, Jafri has also edited poetry anthologies of Sant Kabir, Mir Taqi Mir, Mirza Ghalib and Meera Bai with his own introductions. He also produced a documentary film ‘Kabir, Iqbal and Freedom’. In the 1990s, he produced two television serials, both of which were runaway successes – the 18-part ‘Kahkashaan’, based on the lives and works of seven Urdu poets of the 20th century he had known personally viz. Faiz Ahmead Faiz, Firaaq Gorakhpuri, Josh Malihabadi, Majaaz, Hasrat Mohani, Makhdoom Mohiuddin and Jigar Moradabadi; and ‘Mehfil e Yaaraan’ in which he interviewed people from different walks of life. Both serials had tremendous mass appeal. He was also the editor and publisher of ‘Guftagu’, one of the leading Urdu literary magazines of the Indian sub-continent. His works have been translated into many Indian and foreign languages.

In 1998, Jafri became the third Urdu poet to receive the Jnanpith Award (for 1997), after Firaq Gorakhpuri (in 1969) and Qurratulain Hyder (in 1989). He was also the recipient of several other significant awards and honours, including Padma Shri (1967), Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship (1971), the Gold Medal for Iqbal Studies (in 1978, from the Pakistan Government), the Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Award for poetry, the Makhdoom Award, the Faiz Ahmad Faiz Award, the Iqbal Samman Award from the Madhya Pradesh government and the Sant Dyaneshwar Award from the Maharashtra government. Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) conferred a doctorate (D.Litt.) on him in 1986, fifty years after he was expelled from the university.

He passed away on Aug 1, 2000, in Mumbai.

As I was listening to this song in preparation for this article, the wording and the theme contained within took my mind back to a short story written by Leo Tolstoy. This story was part of our prose text book in probably the seventh or eighth grade. The story, titled ‘Ivan, the Fool’, tells the tale of an uneducated, unlettered farmer named Ivan, whom the local populace always referred to as ‘the Fool’. But in his ignorance of formal education and lack of erudition, lies the rustic wisdom of the land, and the nature. He has a sister named Martha, who is a mute. And there is a rule in their house. Only those who have done hard labor are allowed to sit at the table at mealtimes. Martha actually physically examines the hands of new visitors and guests, and if she finds no calluses on the hands of any person, that person will not be allowed to sit at the table and will not be given food. The story gets interesting when the Devil himself comes to the village, and tries to test Ivan and to sway him with promises of riches etc. The ignoramus that Ivan is, plays by the simple rules of his life, and the Devil has to depart, because he gets no food to eat while in the village, as per the rule of Martha.

This story, dated 1886, is a very interesting read. It highlights the concept of dignity of labor, and work is worship – a very striking reflection of the principles of communism which are enunciated in the ‘The Communist Manifesto’, authored by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848. ‘The Manifesto’ has been acclaimed as the most influential political document in the 19th and 20th century time period, and it presents an analytical approach to the class struggle (historical and then-present) and the conflicts of capitalism and the capitalist mode of production. The industrial revolution was underway in Europe, and the exploitation of the masses as poor laborers by the rich industrialists, once again sparked into very sharp focus, the eternal divide between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’.

Reading between the lines, this children’s song is quietly characterizing that very thought. Starting from ‘The Manifesto’, into the tale of ‘Ivan the Fool’, and then reaching into this jingle – the verses tell us of the ‘royalty’ that shirks any hard labor – “राजा जी पछताएंगे, काम से जान चुराएँगे” as a result of which, they will not get anything to eat – “सूखी मिट्टी फांकेंगे, कंकर पत्थर खाएँगे”. Then, when the royalty descends from their palaces, as expresses their apologies to the people, then they will get food – “नाक पकड़ कर गाएँगे, तब वो रोटी पाएंगे”. A utopia painted that actually carries a very important lesson for children, at least – to understand the value of hard work and to respect the hard work of others. Many, many hats off to Ali Sardar Jafri, to bring this message down to such simplicity, that it leaves you wonder struck and speechless.

I bring in some excerpts of the details about this film and its songs, from the article that I had written in Jun 2017, for the debut song of this film – “Chale Hawa Purvaai”.

“Shehar Aur Sapna”, the 1963 production by Abbas Sb, which focused on migrant population and housing problem in the city of Bombay, had won the National Award for the Best Film of the year. Apparently, at the function where the award was given, the then prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, requested Abbas Sb for a film for children. It seems that Abbas Sb took on that request almost immediately, because the film ‘Hamaara Ghar’ was released in the very next year i.e. 1964. This year was also when Nehru ji passed away (on 27th May). I have not been able to locate the information about the release date of this film, and whether Nehru ji was able to see this film, that was produced by Abbas Sb at his request.

The star cast of this film includes Sonal Mehta, Yasmeen, Rekha Rao, Tanya Siraaj, Pasha Azeem, Deepak Prasad, Sunil Kaushik, Noel Moses, Jai Prakash Narula, Maruti, Narayan Devanpalli, Levi Aaron, Ghanshyam Rohera, Nana Palsikar, Surekha, Dilip Raj, Anwar Abbas, Meena Abbas, and Yunus Parvez. As one reads this list, one can make out that the first many names are likely child artists, who are the lead performers in this film. Incidentally, the name Sunil Kaushik is of the second son of JP Kaushik, the music director for this film. Also, if I am not mistaken, the name Pasha Azeem is of Abbas Sb’s son.

This social drama is a film on national integration, at the level of children. I am able to locate a poster of this film online. The poster, all in tones of light blue, depicts a row of thirteen children, boys and girls, standing in ankle deep waves on a beach, and the name of the film is written in the sky background, in all languages of India. The caption at the bottom says – “A Film For Children Of All Ages”. Abbas Sb in his element of social responsibility, as always.

The film has six songs, five of them are penned by Ali Sardar Jafri. The sixth is the song “Saare Jahaan Se Achha. . .” written by the legendary Iqbal. Music is by Jag Phool Kaushik, the music director who started his film career with Abbas Sb for his 1963 film ‘Shehar Aur Sapna’. On the blog “Beete Huye Din” by Shishir Krishna Sharma, I am able to locate a detailed write up on this music director. An interesting trivia to note is that Anil Biswas was the resident music director for all films of Abbas Sb, before 1963. In fact, at the first instance, when JP Kaushik went to meet Abbas Sb with a reference, seeking work as a music director, he was told that Anil Biswas had already started to work on this particular film. Later, I assume that as Anil Da moved to New Delhi, likely during the production time of this film, the work for music direction was given to JP Kaushik. As I read in this blog, two songs for this film were already recorded by Anil Da, but later both of them were not used in the film. It would be interesting to track down the whereabouts of these songs, which I would like to designate as rarities, on account of circumstances.

The Geet Kosh lists only the name Vijaya Majumdar as the singer in this song accompanied by chorus. However, as we listen to this song, we are able to make out at least two more unidentified child voices – and another unidentified male voice. The music is so minimal. The only instruments one can make out are a dholak, a flute, and clapping of hands. With just using these devices, and a very interesting use of singing voices and chorus, a really delightful song has come into being.

A dedication to the forever child – onwards and upwards. And greetings to all the children on this musical bandwagon. 😉

[Author’s Note: Parts of this article, relating to Ali Sardar Jafri, are adapted from the material available in Wikipedia.]

 


Song – Raja ji Pachhtaayenge, Royenge Aur Gaayenge (Hamaara Ghar) (1964) Singer – Vijaya Majumdar, Unidentified Child Voice 1, Unidentified Child Voice 2, Unidentified Male Voice, Lyrics – Ali Sardar Jafri, MD – JP Kaushik
Chorus

Lyrics

raja ji pachhtaayenge
royenge aur gaayenge
sona chaandi niglenge
heere moti khaayenge
ho ooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
thengaa. . .
thengaa. . .

raja ji pachhtaayenge
kaam se jaan churaaenge
sookhi mitti phaankenge
kankar pathar khaayenge
ho ooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
ae ji roti kabhi na paayenge
thengaa. . .
thengaa. . .

raja ji pachhtaayenge
mahal se baahar aayenge
kaan pakal kal naachenge
naak pakad kar gaayenge
ho ooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
oooo ooooo
naak pakad kar gaayenge
tab wo roti paayenge
aji tab wo roti paayenge
aji tab wo roti paayenge
aji tab wo roti paayenge
balle balle balle balle balle
chhoo-na-eena
o ho
chhoo-na-eena
o ho
chhoo-na-eena
o ho
chhoo-na-eena
o ho
hoooommoooomm
hoooommoooomm
[more playful noises]

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————

राजा जी पछताएंगे
रोएँगे और गाएँगे
सोना चाँदी निगलेंगे
हीरे मोती खाएँगे
हो ओss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
ठेंगा॰ ॰ ॰
ठेंगा॰ ॰ ॰

राजा जी पछताएंगे
काम से जान चुराएँगे
सूखी मिट्टी फांकेंगे
कंकर पत्थर खाएँगे
हो ओss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
एजी रोटी कभी ना पाएंगे
ठेंगा॰ ॰ ॰
ठेंगा॰ ॰ ॰

राजा जी पछताएंगे
महल से बाहर आएंगे
कान पकल कल नाचेंगे
नाक पकड़ कर गाएँगे
हो ओss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
ओsss ओssss
नाक पकड़ कर गाएँगे
तब वो रोटी पाएंगे
अजी तब वो रोटी पाएंगे
अजी तब वो रोटी पाएंगे
अजी तब वो रोटी पाएंगे
बल्ले बल्ले बल्ले बल्ले बल्ले
छूनईना
ओ हो
छूनईना
ओ हो
छूनईना
ओ हो
छूनईना
ओ हो
हूम्मूम्म
हूम्मूम्म
[खिलवाड़ का शोर]


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3704 Post No. : 14628

Today (8 september 2018) is the 85 birth anniversary of Asha Bhonsle.

Lots and lots have been written about her over the years. Most of these writings include popular songs sung by her over the decades. There are articles that tell us about the top “n” number of songs sung by her.

This blog already has more than 2500 Asha Bhonsle songs. The 6000th song in the blog was dedicated to her.

Legends do not become legends just because of their skills in their chosen field- viz singing powess in this case. There are far many other things that come into play. Asha Bhonsle has been a very strong character, a survivor against heavy odds, and a fighter to the core who made it big despite facing situations that would have crushed lesser mortals.

Unlike most, she kept on reinventing herself with time. Her singing in 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s are not the same. She added new feathers to her cap in every decade.

Most HFM legends fail to impress when they are interviewd on radio or TV and they are not able to express themselves as we would like to see them. But Asha Bhonsle is an exception. She is a great conversationalist who enlivens any talk show or interview that she participates in. Youtube has several of her interviews/ talk shows. In this respect she was like Kishore Kumar, who was a wonderful conversationalist. Here is a link where Asha Bhonsle talks about Kishore Kumar.

She was a great socialiser of course. She would socialise not just with her fellow artists, but their family members as well and would forge friendships that would last for decades. One very interesting friendship that she and her siblings forged was with Sivaji Ganeshan. Asha Bhonsle had gone to Madras (now Chennai) for a recording in 1960s. There she watched a Tamil movie called “Paava Mannippu”. After coming back to Bombay (now Mumbai), she told her siblings that they HAD to watch this actor Sivaji Ganeshan. So they all went to Aurora Theatre in Bombay where this movie was being screened.

During interval, they all realised that they were crying though they did not understand a word of Tamil in the movie. They all felt that Sivaji Ganeshan reminded them of their father late Dinanath Mangeshkar.

The next day, they contacted Sivaji Ganeshan and told him that they were coming to Madras to meet him. They flew to Madras, arrived at this home, hugged him, tied him rakhis and cried.

That formed a close bond with Sivaji Ganeshan and his family that lasts even today, more than fifty years later, even after the demise of Sivaji Ganeshan.

Sivaji Ganeshan’s wife Kamlaa Ganeshan did not know Hindi or English, but only Tamil. Still Lata and Asha Bhonsle would stay engaged in conversation with her for hours, Kamala Ganeshan in Tamil and Lata/Asha in Hindi. They would shop together and spend lots of time together.

On the occasion of her 85th birth anniversary, here is a song from “Bhaagyawaan”(1953). Film Bhagyawaan-53 was produced by Mahipat Rai and Anupchand Shah and directed by Datta Dharmadhikari for Roopkamal Chitra, Bombay. The movie had Nirupa Roy, Raja Nene, Radhakishan, Yashodhara Katju, Ratan Kumar, Qamar, Baby Mala, Alhad, Balraj Sahni, Shakuntala etc in it.

The movie had five songs in it. One song has been covered.

This second song from “Bhaagyawaan”(1953) is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Neelkanth Tiwari is the lyricist. Music is composed by Avinash Vyas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

We take this opportunity to wish Asha Bhonsle a happy birthday and many happy returns of the day.


Song-Naari nahin hai sapna naari nahin kahaani(Bhaagyawaan)(1953) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Neelkanthh Tiwari, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani
naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani

naari ki zindagi to
kaanton mein hi pali hai
naari ki zindagi to
kaanton mein hi pali hai
aansu ke jal mein phooli ee
ban kar kamal kali hai ae ae
aansu ke jal mein phooli ee
ban kar kamal kali hai
phir bhi zahar wo peekar
amrit hi baant’ti hai
aa aa aa aa aa aa
phir bhi zahar wo pee kar
amrit hi baant’ti hai
wo phool ki pankhuriyaa aa aa
lohe ko kaat’ti hai
lohe ko kaat’ti hai
naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani

sab kuchh wo jeet kar bhi
sab kuchh wo haarti hai
hai sneh ki wo devi ee ee
mamta ki aarti hai
ghar ghar ki hai wo lakshmi
sindoor ban ke damke
mauqa pade to choodi
talwaar ban ke chamke
talwaar ban ke chamke
naari nahin hai sapna aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari nahin hai sapna aa
naari nahin kahaani


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3686 Post No. : 14593

It is felt that changes take place slowly, especially in a country like India. Nevertheless, one cannot imagine how much India has changed in the last half a century or so. Actions that were considered acts of bravery and machismo those days are today wrong, undesirable, unhealthy, unsafe and even illegal. For instance, tiger hunters were considered saviors of humanity in India and they were respected by every one. Books written by hunters were taught in schools and colleges. Likewise felling trees and clearing space was considered a work of development and progress which was an act of nation building.

Today, killing tigers and other wild animals is illegal in India. In fact, movies showing animals must carry a disclaimer that no animals were harmed while picturising them. As for trees, entire Rail industry ran on wooden sleepers made out of trees felled on mass scale. In fact, olden steam locomotives in many countries (including India) used wood (and not coal) as fuel. Today, felling a single tree is considered a bigger crime in India than killing human beings.

Smoking was considered a macho male act. Today smoking itself is considered an unhealthy act that destoys one’s lungs and lead to cancer. Heroes are no longer shows smoking in movies unlike in the past and there too the statutory warning is required to be carried out.

In olden days, studying was good and playing was bad.

“padhoge likhoge banoge nawaab
kheloge koodoge hoge kharaab”

It was a very popular saying in India for many decades. Today of course no one believes in it. Sports have become professional and top sportsmen (often school dropouts) in lucrative sports earn such high incomes that majority of studious people can only dream about.

Likewise, government policies that were considered great those days have ended up becoming discredited. India followed socialism for the first four decades after its independence. By late 1990, this policy led to the counttry becoming virtually bankrupt and that policy has been discarded by now.

“Maalik” (1958) was directed by S M Yousuf for Sunny Art Production. The movie had Talat Mehmood, Suraiyya, Lalita Pawar, Roopmala, Jeevan, Mukri, Radhakrishen, Kumar , Jagdeep etc in it.The movie had eight songs in it. Four songs have been covered in the past. The last song from the movie was covered in 2014.

The song under question was planned by me to be discussed in 2014 itself and I had decided to make it post number 9929, to be posted in june 2014. Somehow this song did not materialise then. Now, more than four years later, here is this song from “Maalik”(1958). It is fair to say that the messages contained in the song would be considered by and large irrelevant today. 🙂

The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and chorus. Shakeel Badayuni is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ghulam Mohammad.

Only the audio of this song is available. My guess is that this song is sung by a school teacher to her pupils who enthusiastically sing along in approval. 🙂

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Padhoge likhoge banoge nawaab (Maalik)(1958) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Shakeel Badayuni, MD-Ghulam Mohammad
Asha Bhonsle + Chorus
Chorus

Lyrics

padhoge likhoge
banoge nawaab tum
banoge nawaab
jo kheloge koodoge
hoge kharaab tum
hoge kharaab
padhoge likhoge
banoge nawaab tum
banoge nawab
jo kheloge koodoge
hoge kharab tum
hoge kharab

jo bachche kabhi likhte padhte nahin
wo izzat ki seedhi pe chadhte nahin
jo bache kabhi likhte padhte nahi
wo ijjat ki sidi pe chadhte nahin

yahi din hain padhne ke padh lo kitaab
yahi din hai padhne ke padh lo kitab
padhoge likhoge banoge nawab tum banoge nawaab
jo kheloge koodoge hoge kharab tum
hoge kharaab

buraai ke raste se bach kar chalo
buraai ke raste se bach kar chalo
kabhi jhooth bolo na chori karo
kabhi jhooth bolo na chori karo
agar mar bhi jaao na peena sharab nahin peena sharab
agar mar bhi jaao na peena sharab
padhoge likhoge banoge nawab tum banoge nawaab
jo kheloge kudoge hoge kharab tum
hoge kharaab

jawaan hoke bharat mein Nehru bano
jawaan hoke bharat mein Nehru bano
tum inte bade ho ke Bapu bano
tum inte bade ho ke Bapu bano
jawaan hoke bharat mein Nehru bano
tum inte bade ho ke Bapu bano

na ho duniya bhar mein tumhaara jawaab
na ho duniya bhar mein tumhaara jawaab
padhoge likhoge banoge nawab tum
banoge nawaab
jo kheloge kudoge hoge kharaab tum
hoge kharaab


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3674 Post No. : 14561

6 August is remembered as Hiroshima day. It was on this day that in 1945 that Hiroshima became the first unfortunate city to be subjected to the dropping of Atom Bomb.

Three days later, on 9 august 1945, another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki. Kokura was the primary target, but that was obscured by cloud and smoke, so the secondary target of Nagasaki became the unfortunate victim of this second atom bomb, named ‘Fat Man’. The bomb exploded at 11:02 a.m. at an approximate altitude of 1,800 feet. 35, 000 people, nearly 15 % of the population of the city were killed.

These two bombings finally persuaded Japan to surrender and that signalled the end of second World war.

The destruction that Atom bombs could cause have led to consternation among many people. It also made some countries realise that they too needed to have atom bombs for their own safety (as a deterrence). Some countries developed the capabilities on their own while a few others did so by stealing nuclear technologies from other countries.

There have been calls to ban nuclear bombs. The first five nuclear bomb owning countries have formed their own exclusive club. Their rules are quite discriminatory. They can have their nuclear bombs, but other countries are prohibited to have them. Moreover, some of these nuclear powered countries keep on threatening others about using them. USA have threatened to use they atom bombs many times in the past. North Korea is well known to threaten its neighbours and even USA with its atom bomb. A few former Pakistani politicians used to threaten India with their atom bomb quite regularly.

To say that killing by atom bombs is bad but killing by normal bombs is not bad is hypocritical. If one looks at people killed during “normal” bombing, then more people were killed by “normal” bombing of Tokyo on 10 march 1945 than were killed by either of the two atom bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Likewise more people have been killed by AK 47 rifles than by Atom bombs. So ultimately the call should be to end violence by banning all kinds of weapons. It is not that atom bombs should be banned but “normal” weapons should be used with impunity. In fact, defence industry is a thriving industry where suppliers often sell the same weapons to two warring nations. There are some countries that spend more money on their military than for the development of their people.

“Aman”(1967) is a movie that deals with the subject of atom bomb and its effects on the victims. “Rajendra Kumar is a doctor who volunteers to go to Japan to help survivors of the Hiroshima-Nagasaki atomic blasts. The film deals with his experiences in Japan, the physical and mental effects of the atomic explosions on the survivors, and so on.”- This is what Raja wrote about this movie while covering a song from the movie.

Though the movie covers a serious and sobering topic, a Hindi movie cannot help having its share of songs. “Aman”(1967) had seven songs in it. Six songs have been covered in the past. Here are their details:-

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Aajki raat ye kaisi raat 706 8-Feb-09
Apne piyaa ki prem pujaaran 3373 18-Dec-10
Suraahidaar gardan koyal si hai aawaaz (Aman) 7752 25-Mar-13
Ae husn pari chehra 7756 26-Mar-13
Ai suru ai suru mera watan Japan 8579 23-Aug-13
Aman ka farishta kahaan jaa raha hai 13423 12-Jul-17

The song, the seventh and final song from the movie is sung by Rafi. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Shankar Jaikishan. The song speaks about the barbaadi of Hiroshima. Today is 9 august 2018, and atom bomb was dropped on Nagasaki on 9 august 1945, exactly 73 years ago.

With this sobering song, “Aman”(1967) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.


Song-Barbaad hiroshima ki tasweer dekh lo (Aman)(1967) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Shankar Jaikishan

Lyrics

barbaad hiroshima ki tasweer dekh lo
aa aa aa
aa aa
insaan ki sabse badi takseer dekh lo
aa aa aa
is atomi bala ka hai pahla shikaar hum
rang e bahaar thhe kabhi
ab hain gubaar hum
aa aa aa
insaan ke is gunaah se aakash jhuk gaya
thha waqt jis jagah pe
bas wahin pe ruk gaya

ye haath kate paanv kate jhoolte dhaanche
aa aa aa
in dhaancho mein hum jaise hi insaan dhale thhe
aa aa aa
maao ki muskuraati god khaali ho gayi
poonam ki raat bhi suna hai kaali ho gayi
aa aa aa
kehti hai hiroshima ki basti pukaar ke
gujro na tum main gujri hoon jis rahgujaar se

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3668 Post No. : 14543

Today’s song is from a very old film of the 30s decade, ” Industrial India”-38. This is the first song from this film which makes its debut on the Blog.

When the Talkie films started in India, the enthusiasm of the film makers was such that they went on making a large number of films. In the first 10 years ( 1931 to 1940) of Talkie, a total of 924 Hindi films were made, an average of 92 films per year. This created a shortage of stories and film titles. The stories were made on same subjects and even in film titles, we find that some special words were used repeatedly for films. Here, I am not talking about common words like Tere, Mere, Shri, Bhakt, Alibaba, Allaudin, Aurat, Maa etc etc.

Let us take the word INDIA, for example. There were film Tiltles like Fashionable India-35, Romantic India-36, Industrial India-38 ( incidentally all these three films were directed by Mohan Sinha) and India in Africa-39. When I realised this, I went through the lists of films from 1931 to 1940 and I found that the word Jeewan was usde in * film Titles, like Jeewan Natak-35, Jeewan Naiya-36, Jeewan Lata-36,Jeewan Sangram-36, Jeewan Jyoti- 37, Jeewan Prabhat-37, Jeewan Saathi-37 and Jeewan Swapna-37. I also found that 3 words-Kaala,My, and Noor appeared in 7 film Titles. It was followed by Ghareeb and Song in 5 film titles each, Bhedi, Bulbul, Fairy, Bahadur and Gay- n4 film titles each and then 3 film titles with several words like Bharati, Chaar, Daaku, Lehri, Laal etc etc.

We find that from 1941 onwards, there was a variety in titles as well as in stories. Many new genres were tried by adventurous film makers. Romantic musicals became a popular genre from mid 40s. Films like Geeta-40 and Kismet-43 brought in light crime stories and from Sangram -50 onwards Crime films became bolder. The 50s decade was that of softer stories, musicals and mythologicals. The Film Wagon rode on and on with variety thereafter.

Coming back to today’s film Industrial India-38, it was directed by Mohan Sinha. He was born on 2-12-1903 at Indore. he studied upto matriculation in Indore. His uncle was General Bhavnani Singh, who was in the Indore state army. With his help, Mohan got in state army as a Lieutenant. However, he did not continue for long and left the army. In 1933, he started a film company at Indore-Navyug films. But due to lack of opportunities in Indore, it was closed soon.

Mohan came to Bombay, floated Krishna Films and made and directed a film ” Fashionable India”-35. It was a hit film and he got offers from Rajputana films,General FPictures, Circo and National. He worked with all of them. Sinha went to Calcutta and started Murli pictures. he made ” Swaraj ke sipahi”-37, which was a flop. he came back to Bombay and directed Industrial India-38, for General films. Then came Swastik-39, Laxmi-40,Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41. He floated Murari Pictures in 1942 and made badlati Duniya-43 and krishnarjuna yudha-45 ( This film was appreciated by Dr. Rajendra prasad, Dr. Shamaprasad Mukherji, Veer Savarkar and Acharya kriplani also)

In 1946, Mohan Sinha directed K L Saigal in Omar khayyam and Surendra in 1857, Raj kapoor in Dil ki Rani-47 and Dev Anand in Jeet-49. Mohan Sinha directed in all 32 films. He wrote lyrics for 62 songs in 7 films. His last film was Shaan E Hind-60. He died in 1984. Mohan Sinha’s granddaughter Vidya Sinha was an actress.

The cast of the film consisted of Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, R Wasti, K N Singh, Mirza Musharaff etc.etc. Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth paired first time in this film. Later they acted together in 11 more films. Their pair attained unprecedented fame and popularity when they were cast as Shri Ram and Seeta Mai- first in film Bharat Milap-42. Their popularity reached a zenith after film Ram Rajya-43 was released. Prakash pictures had struck Gold with this film They tried for the same magic by pairing them in film Raam Baan-48 and later in film Ramayana-54 ( it was made with parts of their earlier films).

Flush with fame and popularity, Prem Adib too jumped on the wagon and made a film Ram Vivah-49- under his own banner, Prem Adib pictures. However, the magic of Ram Rajya was waning and the later films did not have that kind of audience response anymore.

I have not seen this film, Industrial India-38, but my guess is that it was a social film with stress on developing industries in India. As in any social film, the comedian’s role was present and Mirza Musharff did it.

Through Mr. Ramesh Advani(son of Bhudo Advani), I got into contact with Mirza Musharraf’s daughter, who stays in Versova itself,where I too stay. I contacted them. Her husband Muneer Khan, a production manager of Feroze khan earlier gave me some information on Mirza Musharraf Agha. Together with my notes, his mini bio is here.

The name of MIRZA MUSHARRAF AGHA may not ring any bells in the newer generation, as he was a comedian in the 30s and 40s-till the late 60s.

During the 30s and 40s there were quite a few real comedians,who regaled the audiences with their humour.Comedians like V.H.Desai, Ghory and Dikshit (the jodi like Laurel and Hardy),Mirza Musharraf,Bhudo Advani,Noor Mohd.Charlie,Yakub (he had travelled to 15 countries including UK and USA, before joining films) and Gope, Fatty Prasad and Durga Mota were much in demand for comic roles in the films.With the times,one by one,all went behind the curtains,giving way to newer set of comedians like Bhagwan, Sunder, Radhkishen, Mukri, I.S.Johar, Majnu, etc.

Artists fading away is a natural phenomena, but out of the above comedians,the end of Durga Mota was very pathetic and touching.

Durga Mota or Durga Prasad was very fat and this fatness which fetched him name and fame in the industry also became the cause of his death.In 1947,there were riots everywhere.Durga was in Lahore.He wanted to come back to India like other thousands.He came to Lahore station and boarded the train.just then a frenzied mob came to the station and started killing thepassengers.People ran helter skelter and saved themselves,but due to his fatness Durga Mota could not run and he was slaughtered on the station of Lahore itself.

Mirza Musharraf was born in a sophisticated educated family, on 12-6-1912, at Shujanabad-Punjab His father was an inspector of Police and claimed to be a scion of the Royal Mughal family. He matriculated from Lahore in 1930. he was keen on becoming a Journalist, so he worked in Daily Zamindar,Tariyaq and Shahid. He was a Nationalist, joined Congress and became Secretary of Lahore Congress committee. He was imprisoned but father got him released. he decided to change profession.

He was very fond of writing Lyrics.he came to Bombay to write film songs and was employed by General films.Those days educated persons were eagerly employed by film studios.He first wrote Lyrics for A.R.Kardar’s film “Baghbaan”-1938.During shootings kardar required an artist and Mirza was called to fill up the slot,as per the studio norms.Mirza had no dialogues,but he exhibited excellent use of facial expressions and comic timing.This actually killed his dream of becoming a lyrics writer,because after that he was made a comedian and got several films.As a comedian,Mirza worked from 1938 to 1972,working in over 400 films.His last film was Roop tera Mastana-1972.

When he was on the peak of his career,a happy producer gave his Bungalow at Versova free to him for living.Though Versova was then quite far off and sparsely populated,Mirza lived there like a king.The marriages of both of his daughters took place there.

Mr.Sanjeet Narwekar-the famous Film historian/journalist writes in his book, The story of Hindi Film comedy,about Mirza-“His specialty was interspersing his Hindi dialogues with English words-quite a curiosity in the pre-independence days. He was almost a permanent with V.M.Vyas and played cameo roles in a fairly long career.” According to Saadat Hasan Manto in his book, stars of another sky, -whichever film he acted in, he used to be the darling of the Heroes. He was particularly liked by Kardar, K.Asif and Rafik Gaznavi. In many films Mirza lip synched songs, but it was only in ONE film that he got a few lines to sing himself. That was the film CAPTAIN KISHORE-1957.He sang along with Mohd.Rafi and Tun Tun.

Film Industrial India-38 had 3 Music Directors- H C Bali, Anil Biswas and Mushtaq Hussain. As per HFGK, out of 10 songs, 5 songs were composed by Anil Biswas and one was by H C Bali. Looks like the rest were composed by Mushtaq Hussain. All songs were written by the director Mohan Sinha. This song is sung by Prem Adib and chorus.

( Credits- Film Directory, Flash Back by Isaq Mujawar, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes )


Song-Ladne waalo katne waalo (Industrial India)(1938) Singers-Female voice, Prem Adib, Lyrics-Mohan Sinha, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus
Female Voice + Chorus

Lyrics

ladne waalo
katne waalo
aapas mein jhagadne waalo
talwaaren roko
suno suno ek nayi baat
nayi baat
haan nayi baat
dekho ye firangi aaya
nayi nayi cheezen ye laaya
rail car motor ye laaya

mazdooron ko kaam dilaaya
mazdooron ko kaam dilaaya
itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe

daudo
daudo
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
haan haan
bolo kya ye laaye
charkha laaye
charkha laaye
bekaaron ko kaam dilaaya
ablaaon ka jeewan laaya

itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe

main hoon asha
main hoon asha
main hoon industry

daudo daudo
aasha aayi
aasha aayi
aasha aayi
achcha bolo kya ab laayi
ek naya sandesha laayi

dhanwaanon rupayon ki thhaili kholo
naye naye kaarkhaane kholo
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
mazdooron o kaam milega
dhanwaanon ko maal milega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
saari cheezen yahin banegi
daulat saari yahi rahegi
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega


This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3668 Post No. : 14542

To remember, never forgotten, Jaidev ji (3 august 1919- 6 january 1987) on his 99th janmdin, I have selected an NFS for my presentation today (3 august 2018).

It was Jaidev’s habit to complete the work in hand, as fast as possible. Any delay will be mostly due to the Lyrics not available in time. Thanks to the poor taste in music of the masses and mass-worshipping producers, Jaidevji found enough time in-between the two assignments. He utilized that spare time to compose songs (NFS) with lesser known artists. The list of these artists is a long-one and I have listed them in my earlier presentations. He has number of NFS with well-known artists too. Lataji and Ashaji have sung many of such gems.

This being the month of August, which has many memorial days like 9th August, 15th August etc to feel our hearts with patriotic feelings. One more reason that I have selected a patriotic song, in the voice of none other than the Swar-Saamraagni Lataji.

I used to visit Jaidev ji at his flat behind Eros Cenema opp Churchgate station, often and have many pleasant memory of those visits. I was lucky to have been invited by himself to the recording of this song at Famous Cine Lab at Tardeo, Mumbai. As I am not sure about the Lyrics writer, I leave it for some rasik from our group to furnish the details.

You will mark that Jaidevji has used chorus voice very profusely, almost for alternate lines.

Enjoy the Song and Jai Hind.


Song-Jayate Jayate Jayate Satyameva Jayate(Lata NFS)(1971) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Uddhav Kumar, MD-Jaidev
Chorus
Lata +chorus

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa
aa aa aa aa
aaa …

jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate

satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate,
satyamev jayate

jayate, jayate, jayate
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa …
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa …
aaa aaa aaa
aa aa aa aa

satya ki mashaal aaj raah jagmaga rahi
satya ki mashaal aaj raah jagmaga rahi
satya ki pukaar dushmanon ke dil hila rahi
satya ki pukaar dushmanon ke dil hila rahi
bahaaduron badhe chalo o o
bahaaduron badhe chalo
vijay tumhen bulaa rahi
vijay tumhen bulaa rahi
vijay tumhe bulaa rahi

aage badho kehate, satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate

jayate, jayate, jayate
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa …
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa …
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

zulm ko mitaate chalo
satya ki pukaar hai
zulm ko mitaate chalo
satya ki pukaar hai

desh ki salaamati ka aaj tum pe bhaar hai
desh ki salaamati ka aaj tum pe bhaar hai
desh ke liye sabhi eee ee
desh ke liye sabhi ki zindagi nisaar hai
zindagi nisaar sabhi ki
zindagi nisaar hai

aage badho kehate, satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate, satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa …
aaa aaa aaa.. aaa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aaa aaa aaa..

tum vatan ki shaan ho
tum vatan ki aan ho
tum vatan ki shaan ho
tum vatan ki aan ho

desh ke bahaaduron tum vatan ki jaan ho
desh ke bahaaduron tum vatan ki jaan ho
tum hamaare desh ki eee eee
tum hamaare desh ki jeet ke nishaan ho
jeet ke nishaan ho tum
jeet ke nishaan ho

aage badho kehate
satyamev jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate

satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate
jayate, jayate, jayate
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate

jayate
jayate
jayate
satyamev jayate,
satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate

jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate
jayate

jayate
jayate
jayate


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3658 Post No. : 14522

“Sanskaar”(1952) was produced and directed by V M Vyas. The movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Purnima, Veera, Pran, Razi, Shashi Kapoor (Sr), Ihswar Lal, Mirza Musharraf, Murad, Kalyani, Pappu, Baby Naaz, Indira Mumtaz etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Four songs from this movie have been discussed in the past.

When I looked at the three balance songs of the movie, I discovered that these songs were great and special songs in their respective genre. Nevertheless, if I keep holding songs back for special occasions then I may not find myself with too many songs to discuss on a “normal” day. 🙂 So I decided that one out of these three songs should be discussed today.

Here is the fifth song from “Sanskaar”(1952) to appear in the blog. This song is an inspiration song which is sung by Lata. Shailendra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Roshan.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Jeenewaale o matwaale zindagi se pyaar kar (Sanskaar)(1952) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Roshan

Lyrics

jeenewale o matwaale
zindagi se pyaar kar
pyaar kar
yoon na baith zindagi mein zindagi se haar kar,
pyaar kar
jeenewaale

moorakh na dar dekh andhera
moorakh na dar dekh andhera
hoga kabhi to savera
hoga kabhi to savera aa
ranj-o-gham se zindagi ke roop ka singaar kar
pyaar kar
jeenewale o matwaale
zindagi se pyaar kar
pyaar kar
jeenewaale

jo dukh bhi aaye tu jhelta chal
jo dukh bhi aaye tu jhelta chal
har gham se khelta chal
har gham se khelta chal
zinda hai to zindagi pe jaan bhi nisaar kar
pyaar kar
jeenewale o matwaale
zindagi se pyaar kar
pyaar kar
jeenewaale


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3630 Post No. : 14456

Today’s song is from film ‘Kunwara Baap’ (1942).

Hindi film industry is a funny place. Great stories of the world fail when made into films and some ‘made to order’ stories become so successful films that the subsequent film makers copy the films, with slight alterations. Sometimes identical titles have nothing in common and sometimes remakes are made with different titles – not matching the original one in any way.

There was a film ‘Kunwaara Baap’ in 1974 also, made by the comedian Mehmood. There was absolutely no similarity in the story of these films. Mehmood’s film was essentially based on Polio Protection, while the 1942 film was a total comedy. In this case only the title is same, everything else is different. There is interesting information on ‘Kunwara Baap’ of 1942.

‘Bachelor Mother’ (1939) was a popular Hollywood film directed by Garson Kanim, with Ginger Rogers and David Niven in the lead. It was a story of a single girl, who finds an abandoned child and raises it. She is stamped as unwed mother and many hilarious situations are created with her lover.

This film was copied by Kishore Sahu, who produced and directed it under the banner of Acharya Art Prodns. He was the hero and the heroine was Pratima Dasgupta. The film was ‘Kunwara Baap’ (1942). The theme was reversed here and the rich bachelor boy finds a child left in his car. Not finding its parents he decides to keep the child, which causes misunderstandings with his lady friend etc.

The noted Hindi novelist Amritlal Nagar (famous for his novels – ‘Boond aur Sagar’ and ‘Shatranj ke Mohre’ etc.) wrote the dialogues and lyrics of this film. He also acted in the film. Nagar had earlier written for films ‘Sangam’ (1941) and ‘Kisi Se Na Kehna’ (1942). Later he also wrote for ‘Raja’ (1943).

This film became very popular. Later on many films in many languages were made on this theme. Even Hollywood made a remake called ‘Bundle of Joy’ in 1956 with Debbie Reynolds and Eddie Murphy in the lead.

In Madras the AVM supremo saw these two films and decided to make a Tamil film ‘Vazhkai’, on this story. He got his cast ready except the heroine. He wanted a fresh face, preferably a debutante. Anyway, a young Telugu actress Pandhari Bai was selected, but it was found that she could not speak Tamil fluently.  MV Raman, AVM’s Director suggested a name of a young dancer Vijayantimala, who was the daughter of actress Vasundhara Devi and MD Ramaswami. She was called and a contract for 3 years was signed .

When ‘Vazhkai’ was being made, AVM supremo saw the Hindi film ‘Khidki’ (1942) with C Ramchandra’s music. This he liked so much that as many as 3 songs from ‘Khidki’ were copied and used in ‘Vazhkai’ by the MD – Sudarshanam. ‘Vazhkai’ was released in 1949 and it was a super duper hit. AVM made a Telugu remake – Jeevitham (1950). This too was a hit.  Then AVM decided it was time to invade the Hindi films and a film called ‘Bahaar’ was made in 1951 with Vijayantimala and Karan Dewan. Karan Dewan was considered a lucky star in those days. This film also became a hit. ‘Bahar’ also had a  similar story as ‘Kunwara Baap’.

The cast of this film was Kishore Sahu, Pratima Dasgupta, Anjali Devi, Master Dhulia, Moni Chatterjee, Nana Palshikar etc. The film was made by Acharya Art Productions, owned by NR Acharya (ex Bombay Talkies). The film was directed by Kishore Sahu. The music was composed by Ramchandra Pal, for the lyrics by Amritlal Nagar, Balam, Satyakam and Sharma. However, in HFGK, none of the songs of the film are specifically credited to any one lyricist.

The story, dialogues, screenplay and some lyrics were by Amritlal Nagar (17-8-1916 to 23-2-1990). He was an extraordinary person. He handled almost every department of literature – except perhaps poetry and autobiography. Short stories, novels, dramas, travelogues etc. were written by him. During 1940 to 1947 he was associated with the film industry. He wrote stories, screenplays, dialogues of as many as 20 films in Bombay, Kolhapur and Madras. He dubbed MS Subbulaxmi’s Tamil film ‘Meerabai’ (1947) into Hindi. He also worked to translate Russian films like ‘Zoya’ and ‘Bukhara’ into Hindi. He won innumerable awards, including Padma Bhushan and Sahitya Academy award. He was one of the very rare Hindi literature stalwarts to work in film industry for such a sustained period.

Music Director Ramchandra Pal, born in 1909 was actually a medical Doctor, who entered this profession in various capacities. As an actor he did 3 films – ‘Manmohan’ (1936), ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936) and ‘Aazad’ (1940). He produced and directed a film ‘Raj Nandini’ (1962), made under his own banner – Pal Films. However, this film was never released.

He started his music career with  Tamil films, ‘Bilwamangal’ (1932) and ‘Sarangdhara’ (1935). He shifted to Calcutta and gave music to Bangla films, ‘Rajani’ (1936) and ‘Indira’ (1936). His first Hindi film was ‘Prem Sagar’ (1939), a film made in south by a Bombay film company. This he confirmed in the interview given to Harmandir ji (LB-69).

He was connected as MD with Bombay Talkies films ‘Kangan’ (1939), ‘Punarmilan’ (1940), ‘Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Aazad’ (1940) and ‘Naya Sansar’ (1941). His last film as MD was ‘Raj Nandini’ of 1962. In all he gave music to 20 films. He also sang 15 songs in 7 films. Incidentally, today’s song was his last song as a singer. After 1942 he left singing and after 62 he left film industry and started his private medical clinic in Shivaji Park, Dadar, Bombay. He practiced till his death.

The name Anjali Devi, which appears in the cast is not of the famous south actress Anjali Devi (8-12-1927 to 13-1-2014), who acted in films like ‘Ek Tha Raja’ (1951) (dubbed film), ‘Shuk Rambha’ (1953), ‘Ladki’ (1953), ‘Devta’ (1956), ‘Suvarn Sundari’ (1957) etc. This Anjali Devi of the 40s was different. As usual, I find that the filmography of south Anjali Devi includes films done by Anjali Devi of the 40s. This is what I call Same Name Confusion.

Miss Anjali Devi’s real name was Durgesh Kumari. She was born at Benaras in 1926 in a respectable Brahmin family. Her education was not much but she was fluent in Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. At the age of 14 years, she came to Bombay, to fulfil her desire of becoming an actress. She joined Ranjit Films and worked in film ‘Pardesi’ (1940). The film was released in 1941. She was credited as Durgesh in this film. She was called to Bombay Talkies to work in film ‘Punarmilan’ (1940), directed by Najam Naqvi. When a section of artistes, led by S Mukherjee, left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 42, one of the BT directors NR Acharya also left and started his own company Acharya Art Productions. Anjali Devi also left to join Acharya. She acted in 3 films of Acharya, ‘Kunwara Baap’, ‘Uljhan’ (1942) and ‘Aage Kadam’ (1943). She later on acted in ‘Paristan’ (1944), and ‘Parivartan’ (1949). She then got married to NR Acharya and settled as a housewife.

Film’s heroine was the dashing Pratima Dasgupta.  She was an actress, producer and a director. She was born on 5-9-1921 into a wealthy family of Bhavnagar. Though many sources mention name of the place of Bhavnagar, which is in Gujarat, I doubt it very much. There are no mentions or references that she was in anyway connected to Gujarat in her lifetime. I believe she was born in Bhanagar – a town just 31 kms. from Calcutta city. This unknown Bhanagar must have become well known Bhavnagar. Her family was related to Ravindranath Tagore. So, after the initial education in England, she came to Shantiniketan and completed her studies. She was a favourite and a favoured student throughout.

Looking at her acting skills,it was Tagore himself who recommended her to act in the Bangla film ‘Gora’ (1938), based on his own novel. Her role of Latika – daughter of Paresh Babu in the film – who falls in love with Bijoy and marries him – was liked by Tagore. She did one more film ‘Na Honewali Baat’ (1938) in Hindi,followed by the Hindi version of ‘Rukmini’ in 1939. After doing 4 Bangla films, she did the Trilingual film (Bangla, Hindi and English)- ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941). This was made by Wadia Movietone in Bombay and was directed by Modhu Bose, husband of the heroine Sadhona Bose – the international dancer. During her Bombay visit, she got married to an aspiring actor Madsrurul Haq, son of a rich Zamindar Ehsanul Haq of Jallundhar. Madsrurul Haq’s younger sister, Begum Para was a sizzling actress of the 1940s and 1950s

Her other Hindi films were ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1942), ‘Raja’ (1943) and ‘Shararat’ (1944), all directed by Kishore Sahu. She also did ‘Namaste’ in 1943. After this she turned to direction and did her first film ‘Chhamiya’ in 1945, with Begum Para and David as a Lead pair. She repeated this team again in ‘Pagle’ (1950) also. However her second film ‘Jharna’ (1948) was banned by Morarji Desai, the then Chief Minister of Bombay Province, on the plea that the film had explicit sexual scenes in it. No wonder, as her sister in law – the sizzling Begum Para, had given some uninhibited scenes in this film. This film was a financial disaster for Pratima and she decided to quit films.

In all, Pratima Dasgupta did 10 Hindi films and 8 Bangla films.

Out of the 9 songs of film Kunwara Baap, I have heard 6 songs. Some of them are quite interesting like “Chai Piyogi Rani” and “O Meri Rani, Meri Rani ”, but I felt we must have at least one song of Ramchandra Pal on our blog. This is the only song listed for the film, for which HFGK mentions the singer’s name . Other songs are without names of singers or lyricists. The song’s tune is not very catchy or lilting but the song has a historical value.

The singer and the film both make a debut on the blog.

 

[Author’s Note: Credits – Khalid Hasan from TFT, Pakistan; Isak Mujawar; A.I. Film directory; HFGK; MuVyz; LB-69; Harish Raghuwanshi ji; Wikipedia; and my notes.]

 


Song – Kaahe Paap Se Paap Chhipaaye (Kunwaara Baap) (1942) Singer – Ramchandra Pal, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Ramchandra Pal

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

kaahe. . .
kaahe. . .

paap se paap chhipaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye

bigdi baat banaane ko tu
bigdi baat banaane ko tu
hari se aankh churaaye
bigdi baat banaane ko tu
hari se aankh churaaye
karni karta ?? ?? ??
phir paachhe pachhtaaye
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye

phool ki ?? hovey phir bhi
phool ki ?? hovey phir bhi
bhog doosra paaye
ye kaisa nayay jagat ka
ye kaisa nayay jagat ka
ye kaisa nayay
re paapi mann..nn
paap se paap chhipaaye
paap se paap chhipaaye

paap se paap chhipaa..aaye. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

काहे॰ ॰ ॰
काहे॰ ॰ ॰

पाप से पाप छिपाए
रे पापी मन
पाप से पाप छिपाए
रे पापी मन
पाप से पाप छिपाए

बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
हरी से आँख चुराये
बिगड़ी बात बनाने को तू
हरी से आँख चुराये
करनी करता ?? ?? ??
फिर पाछे पछताए
रे पापी मन॰॰न्न
पाप से पाप छिपाए

फूल की ?? होवे फिर भी
फूल की ?? होवे फिर भी
भोग दूसरा पाये
ये कैसा न्याय जगत का
ये कैसा न्याय जगत का
ये कैसा न्याय
रे पापी मन॰॰न्न
पाप से पाप छिपाए
पाप से पाप छिपाए

पाप से पाप छिपा॰॰आए॰ ॰ ॰


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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