Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Song with a message’ Category


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4429 Post No. : 15856 Movie Count :

4363

Mukesh and his Composers – 20
—————————————————-

A riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma.
This is a quote famously attributed to English politician and statesman Winston Churchill for his views on Russian engagement during World War II. This analogy may be completely irrelevant to the context of today’s post, but then I could not help remembering the above quote when I became cognizant of the total number of Hindi songs sung by Mukesh for the composer being discussed in today’s post.

Well, we are talking about composer Avinash Vyas and Mukesh’s association with him. To sustain the unusual mystery and the context of the first two paras, I would request readers to guess the total Hindi songs sung by Mukesh for Avinash Vyas.

Meanwhile, to reveal Mukesh’s collaboration with him in Gujarati films and non-film songs, here are the details of the same. As usual, I had requested Shri Harish Raghuwanshi, the compiler of Mukesh Geetkosh to confirm the details of the combo. Further, I had requested him to send me only the total number of songs that Mukesh sang in Gujarati under Avinash Vyas.

However, Shri Harish ji despite his poor eyesight and health issues was kind enough to send me the complete details including confirmation of the total songs sung in Hindi films as well. Instead of keeping such invaluable details confined to my inbox, I thought it prudent to include the details in the present post and following are the two tables with the details self-explanatory.

List of Gujarati Film songs sung by Mukesh under the baton of Avinash Vyas
—————————————————————————

S.No Name of Film (Gujarati) No. of.Songs
1 Bhakta Tulsidas 5
2 Kaadu Makraani 1
3 Kanku Ane Kanya 1
4 Ghar Ni Shobha 1
5 Jamaairaaj 1
6 Bhaada Taaraa Vaheta paani 1
7 Santu Rangili 1
8 Sorathi Sinh 1
Total 08 Films Total 12 Songs


List of Gujarati NFS sung by Mukesh under the baton of Avinash Vyas

——————————————————–

S.No NFS (Gujarati)
1 Aaj Kharu Avtarvaanu
2 Aapan Sahuye
3 Ghadi ghoonghat…. Nazar ne kahi doh
4 Chaalyaaj karoon
5 Jaa re Jhanda jaa
6 Priti nu pushp… aavo toy saarun
7 Pankhida ne aa pinjaru
8 Hey tane jaataa joi

Thus, Mukesh sang 12 filmi and 08 non-filmi Gujarati songs under the baton of Avinash Vyas. That’s obviously a total of 20 songs.

So, what could be the total number of Hindi songs sung by Mukesh for Avinash Vyas who scored music in some 52 movies and composed 390+ known songs.
Thirty? Twenty? Ten?

Well, before we proceed to discuss the surprise number, here are two important links for the details of the work done by Avinash Vyas.

  1. https://atulsongaday.me/2020/08/20/aaja-re-dukhiyaa-dharti-tujhe-pukaare/
  2. https://www.songsofyore.com/forgotten-composers-unforgettable-melodies-8-avinash-vyas/

The first link is a recent post by Atul ji, in which he has painstakingly put together the complete known works of Avinash Vyas in Hindi films and the details of his songs covered on the blog.

The second link is a post by Shri Ashok M Vaishnav ji on Songs of Yore blog wherein the life and works of Avinash Vyas is reflected. Some interesting discussion in the comments section reveal the continued lack of clarity on the total number of films scored and the songs composed by the music director.

Now, coming to the total songs sung by Mukesh under Avinash Vyas, finally, here is the complete list.

 

S.No Name of song Movie (Year of release) Lyricist
1 Tim tima tim Har Har Mahadev (1950) Ramesh Shastri
2 Nitya nirantar boley anta Shiv Shakti (1952) Munshi Saagar Hussain
3 Jo ugta hai woh dhalta hai Mata Mahakali (1968) Bharat Vyas

What?
Three songs only?

Well, however much we may debate and discuss, the fact of the matter is that there are only 3 songs of the combo. The composer was known for composing mainly for religious and mythological films. Contrary to popular belief, Mukesh has sung enough devotional songs in films which, as his other genre songs, have also become quite famous. Then, why such a low figure of only 3 songs is simply surprising.

Mukesh has sung only one song each in 3 of the 52 films scored by Avinash Vyas in Hindi.

So, why hardly 3 songs of the combo? As I have contemplated in my earlier posts on such surprises, there could be no reason whatsoever. More occasions simply did not happen. This could be the most plausible reason that one could come up with. As I finish writing this post, I am still under disbelief that there are only 3 songs of the combo.

Anyway, going through the songs, first two have been covered on the blog. The one from ‘Har Har Mahadev’ is in fact a famous duet with Sulochana Kadam. The second one from ‘Shiv Shakti’ is a solo bhajan.

It can be traced easily on the blog that if Mukesh has sung in any film, then that particular song is most likely the first to be featured or debuted on the blog.

Today’s film ‘Mata Mahakali’ (1968) also makes its debut on the blog with this highly philosophical song. The film was released under the banner of Sharad Productions and directed by Dhirubhai Desai. The cast included Ashish Kumar, Jaishree Gadkar, Nalini Chonker, Shahu Modak etc.

Lastly, Shri Harish ji has also confirmed that there are no NFS in Hindi of the combo. I thank him again for all the help he rendered in completing this post.

Song – Jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai (Mata Mahakali)(1968) Singer – Mukesh, Lyrics – Bharat Vyas, MD – Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

jo ugta hai woh dhalta hai
samay ka chakra chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai

jo ugta hai woh dhalta hai
samay ka chakra chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai

jo ugta hai woh dhalta hai

ye dekho surya ka jalwa
subeh ko jo nikalta hai
ye dekho surya ka jalwa
subeh ko jo nikalta hai
chamkta hai
damakta hai
magar sandhya ko dhalta hai
ye uthne aur girne ka
sada hi khel chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai woh dhalta hai

arey insaan akad mat aaj tu apni bulandi par
arey insaan akad mat aaj tu apni bulandi par
na girte der lagti hai
samay ki ek mandi par
vidhaata ne likha jo lekh
taale se na talta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai
samay ka chakra chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai

jo singhasan par baitha tha
kiya karta tha manmaani
jo singhasan pe baitha tha
kiya karta tha manmaani
wo naukar ban ke teli ka
chalaata hai arey ghaani
samay ke saamne har aadmi ka
kuchh na chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai

lagan panchhi ki pinjar se
jise ye tod na sakta
lagan panchhi ki pinjar se
jise ye tod na sakta
ye toota hai
ye phoota hai
basera chhod na sakta
samay ki baat keechad se
yahaan pankaj nikalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai
samay ka chakra chalta hai
arey maanav sambhal ke chal
samay karwat badalta hai
jo ugta hai wo dhalta hai

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————–

जो उगता है वो ढलता है
समय का चक्र चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है

जो उगता है वो ढलता है
समय का चक्र चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है

जो उगता है वो ढलता है

ये देखो सूर्य का जलवा
सुबह को को निकलता है
ये देखो सूर्य का जलवा
सुबह को को निकलता है
चमकता है
दमकता है
मगर संध्या को ढलता है
ये उठने और गिरने का
सदा ही खेल चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है

अरे इंसान अकड़ मत आज तू अपनी बुलंदी पर
अरे इंसान अकड़ मत आज तू अपनी बुलंदी पर
ना गिरते देर लगती है
समय की एक मंदी पर
विधाता ने लिखा जो लेख
टाले से ना टलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है
समय का चक्र चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है

जो सिंघासन पर बैठा था
किया करता था मनमानी
जो सिंघासन पर बैठा था
किया करता था मनमानी
वो नौकर बन के तेली का
चलाता है अरे घानी
समय के सामने हर आदमी का कुछ ना चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है

लगन पंछी की पिंजर से
जिसे ये तोड़ ना सकता
लगन पंछी की पिंजर से
जिसे ये तोड़ ना सकता
ये टूटा है
ये फूटा है
बसेरा छोड़ ना सकता
समय की बात कीचड़ से
यहाँ पंकज निकलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है
समय का चक्र चलता है
अरे मानव संभाल के चल
समय करवट बदलता है
जो उगता है वो ढलता है


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4417 Post No. : 15825

Today’s song is from a comedy film Halla Gulla-1954. This was a film made by Bhagwan, under his own banner- Bhagwan Art productions, Bombay. He was the producer and the director. He had done a role in the film too. However, Master Bhagwan was not the Hero. The Hero was Sajjan and the Heroine was Shakila. Besides these 3 people, there was a line up of actors in the cast, like Leela Gupte, Leela Gandhi, Baburao pahilwan, Dada Salvi and many more-most of whom are unknown names to me.

Master Bhagwan started directing the films from Bahadur Kisan-38, then came Criminal-39 and Sukhi Jeevan-42. In between, he went to Madras to direct two Tamil films, Jaykodi and Van Mohini. His film Sukhi Jeevan-42 was the Debut film for C.Ramchandra in Hindi films. This film was produced by Harishchandra Rao kadam- the elder of the Kadam brothers (Chandra Rao Kadam being the younger one). The film was a success, with a good run in theatres. His contract for this film had assured him a 20% share in profits, if the film was a success. Since the film was a success and ran long, Bhagwan asked for his 20% share to H.Kadam. However, he flatly refused, claiming that inordinate delay had caused excess expenditure and there was no profit. Bhagwan understood that he was being cheated, but could not do anything except expressing his displeasure.

Bhagwan decided then and there that hereafter he will not work for anybody else. He would have his own production set up and a studio. He started his own company-“Jagriti pictures”and also got a studio- Asha Studio, which was near RK studio. His successful stint as a director had earned him a name and he had no difficulty in getting finances for his first film. The terms were, take 80000/- and return 1 Lakh, when the film gets sold to distributors. Film making was so cheap then ! The first film which Bhagwan made as an independent Producer Director was intentionally titled “Badla-43”, as if he took revenge on Harishchandra Rao Kadam !

This sort of cheating of the gullible,helpless artistes was common in some companies. One such famous company was Minerva of Sohrab Modi. When he made his second film “Saeed E Hawas”-36, he had engaged an actor Chandra Kumar, as a Hero in that film. Chandra Kumar (real name Sardar Gul who changed his name to Anil Kumar again) was promised Rs. 200/- for this role. After the film was released, when he asked for his payment, Modi gave him only Rs. 50/-, claiming that the film was a flop. Chandra Kumar was helpless and he left Minerva for good, immediately.

Master Bhagwan’s first film ‘Badla’-43 was a Hit film. He then started making films after films, in the Stunt Genre. Films like Bahadur, Jalan, Madadgar, Dosti, Shakehand, Matlabi, Bach ke rehna, Bhole Bhale, Jeete Raho, Bhedi Bangla etc etc. His stunt films became popular and he earned lot of money. At his peak, he had 2 Bunglows in Bombay and 6 cars. His films had many admirers in the film line also, like Raj Kapoor, Sanjeev Kumar, Naushad etc.

Today’s film is Halla Gulla-54. The name immediately brings to the mind a popular song “Halla Gulla lailla, khullam khulla gayi la” famous in the 50’s times. However the song is not from this film. It was from film Dholak, for which Shyam Sundar had given the music. Barring very few films, which Bhagwan directed, he never did the role of Hero in his films. In the film Halla Gulla also he was not the Hero. Sajjan was the Hero.

Sajjan was one of the very few people in the film line who were Literature oriented. Some examples were Meena Kumari writing Shayari and Bharat Bhushan with an unusually big library of English books. Sajjan not only wrote poetry and film lyrics, he wrote a research based big book on Nav Ras in the Human Life. He participated in kavi Sammelans and Mushayaras and won laurels. His published poetry book “Jawan”was so popular that Nehru bought 100 copies for Delhi libraries. It was reprinted in several editions.

Born on January 15, 1921 in Jaipur, his full name was Sajjan Lal Purohit, a Pushkarna Bramhin. For many generations in the family, no one was interested in music or acting. He was famous with his first name in the movie world. Sajjan did his graduation from Jawahar college, Jodhpur. He had a desire to be a lawyer but not an actor.

In 1941, he arrived in Calcutta and worked as an apprentice in a laboratory of East India Film Company. His initial breakthrough in films was as an extra in films like Masoom (1941), Chowringhee (1942). Sajjan left Calcutta during World War II and reached Bombay. In Bombay he knew Prithwiraj Kapoor from his Calcutta days. He joined the Prithvi Theatre and worked in dramas like, Shakuntala, Pathan, Deewar, Aahuti, Kalakar, Kisan Paisa etc etc. Here he came into contact with Shammi, Raj, Shashi kapoor, Omprakash, Premnath, Zohra Saigal, B M Vyas, Ram Ganguli, Shankar, jaikishen and others. Afterwards, he started doing dramas separately. In ” Dhola Marwan” his heroine was Snehprabha Pradhan. He did many One Man Shows too.

He was a writer of Poetry. He participated in many gatherings of poets. His poetry book ” Jawan” became so popular that even Nehru had bought 100 copies of it. It was reprinted four times.

In Mumbai he worked as an assistant to famous director Kidar Sharma. At that time great showman Raj Kapoor also worked as an assistant to Kidar Sharma. He also worked as assistant to Gajanan Jagirdar and for film Vakil Sahib-43 and got Rs. 35 as salary.

A poet by heart, Sajjan showed His talent when he wrote dialogues for Meena -1944 and lyrics for Door Chalen -1946, Jail Yatra-47 and Dhanyavad -1948.

His acting debut film was Mera Suhag-47. After that, Bombay Talkies’ Muqaddar was released in 1950. His heroine was Nalini Jayvant. As a Hero, he worked with Geeta Bali, Nutan, Nimmi, Shyama, Shakila, Nalini Jaywant etc etc.

Now Sajjan was well established in the film world. In 1950s- 60s Sajjan acted as hero or side-hero in films like, Sainya, Rail Ka Dibba, Bahana, Sheesha, Malkin, Nirmohi, Kasturi, Mehmaan, Lagan, Girl School, paridhaan, Do Dulhe, Ghar-Ghar Mein Diiwali, Haa-Haa-Hee-Hee-Hoo-Hoo, Poonam, Jhanjhar, Halla- Gulla. As a hero his last film was Kabuliwala-61 and as an artist he last appeared in the 1986 release Shatru.

Artist of more than 150 films Sajjan also worked in TV serials. In Vikram-Betaal he played Betaal. His other serial was Lena-Dena.

Sajjan acted in more than 150 films. Though he was a reasonably good actor, he felt very awkward while singing a song on screen. His Producers and Directors knew this and they gave him minimum songs. Thus he is on record in his 150+ films to have sung around 20 odd songs only, in spite of being a Hero in some films. After retirement, Sajjan was not in good health, but he wrote a book ‘ Ras-Bhav ‘, discussing all the 9 Rasas as enunciated by Bharat Muni’s Treatise on “Natya Shastra”. He also published a book on the Birth Centenary of Prithviraj Kapoor, whom he revered very much. Sajjan died on 17-5-2000. (Based on interview by Sulbha Ternikar, in her book-Chanderi Athavani (चंदेरी आठवणी ), with thanks.)

The Music Director of this film was Nissar Bazmi. I always wondered,how some composers,who were found mediocre here,without much spark,giving music only to B and C grade films,became extremely popular and successful in Pakistan,winning accolades ? one example is Nisar Bazmi. To understand this strange phenomena,one must consider the state of affairs in Pakistan Film Industry for 5-6 years post Partition. Here is a part of an article on this issue,I found on a Pakistani site,filmbirth.com

” Pakistan has been a part of India up until 1947. Up to that point Lahore was one of the thriving cinema producing centers in India. The first film made in a Lahore studio was “Delhi Express” (1935) and Urdu and Punjabi films were to follow. The partition of India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, caused the demise of the Lahore film industry. Most Hindu filmmakers in Pakistan fled the region when the Islamic Pakistani government became independent. Without the Indian funding and production facilities, the migration of many renowned filmmakers and stars and a lack of proper distribution channels, Lahore (Lollywood) soon became less than a footnote in the regional cinematic landscape.

Fortunately, the outflow from Lahore was accompanied by an inflow into the city. Affected by the same political change, a number of talented Muslims who have established themselves in Bombay’s (now Mumbai) film circles, moved back to Lahore. Prominent among them were film producer Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, his wife actress and singer Noor Jehan, actress Swarn Lata, actor Nazeer, director W. Z. Ahmad, director Luqman, director Sabtain Fazli, music director Feroze Nizami and music director Khawaja Khursheed Anwar. These creative artists laid the foundation of the Pakistani film industry. They were also responsible for producing some of the best films ever made in Lollywood.

The creative energy of Lahore’s film people began to express itself as soon as the partition frenzy subsided. Lollywood became alive again and Teri Yaad was the first film released after partition. Featuring Nasir Khan, brother of film icon Dileep Kumar and Asha Posle, it was released at Lahore Parbhat Cinema on Sept 2, 1948. Its producer was a Hindu named Diwan Sardari Lal, Daud Chand was the director while Nath was the music director. The following year, Anis Productions released a Punjabi film Pheray. Featuring Nazeer (who was also its director) and Swarn Lata, the film proved to be a success and became the first Pakistani film to complete a 25-week run at cinema houses. Another important film was Naubahar Films’ Do Ansoo which was released in 1950. Produced by Sheikh Latif and directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha, it won popularity and became first Urdu film to complete its silver jubilee. ”

Due to shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene,the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to an article on Wiki,there are 7 ages in Pakistan Film music –

1.Independence and growth-1947-1958
2. The Golden Age of Pak Film Music- 59-77
3. The age of Disaster…..77-88 (Onslought of VCR and brain Drain to Bangladesh in 1971)
4. Politics,Islamisation and downfall…..79-87
5. Collapse…..88-2002
6. Decline…..2002-2009
7. New wave and Hopes….2010 onwards.

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi migrated to Pakistan during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits.

Nisar Ahmed was born in 1925,in Naseerabad, Khandesh,Bombay Presidency,in an orthodox family where there was no Musical background. However,Nisar was keen on learning music. By singing Saigal’s songs he won his teacher’s mind,who convinced his father and he was sent to Bombay to live with his Uncle. Due to his singing he soon joined the ‘Yaseen Kawwal Group’ and became famous as ‘Yaseen ka chhokra’. meanwhile he learnt classical music from ustad Amaan ali khan for 4 years. He joined AIR on a temporary basis and started singing. The then music director of AIR Dinkar Rao Amembal made him permanent on a salary of Rs. 45 pm. When his father learnt this he was overjoyed that without studies also he was earning more than educated people ! This was 1940.

Those days a drama ‘Nadir Shah Durrani’ was running on Radio. Nisar composed music for it and also gave background music. Impressed with his work he got his first Film,” Jamna paar”-1946 as a MD. He left AIR,changed his name to Nisar Bazmi and for got his dream of becoming a singer. In the next 15 years,he composed music for about 40 films,but only 27 films were released. Most of these films were C grade stunt films. Though he gave reasonably good music,he remained a C grade composer throughout. For film ‘Khoj’-53,the assistant producer had not much money. For singing a song he could only offer Rs.50/- to Mohd. Rafi (who was charging almost 1000/- per song those days). Rafi liked the song and he magnanimously sang the song ” chand ka dil toot gaya ” by taking just ONE rupee as fees !

For film ‘Bhala Adami’-58, he gave chance to Anand Bakshi as a Lyricist first time. His last film in India was ” Mister Toofan”- released in 63. Nisar migrated to Pakistan in 1962. Producer Fazal Karrem Fazli of Fazli brothers offered him first film ” aisa bhi hota hai “. The music of this film became Hit and very popular and there was no looking back for Nisar Bazmi. He gave music to 57 Pak films. He won Nigar Awards 7 times and also won ‘Pride of performance’ award from the President.

His last film was in 1981. He came back to Karachi and started teaching aspiring singers,but only one of them became a famous singer. He regretted that the younger generation looked for quick money and did not put hard work. None of his 8 sons loved music. They all followed different avocations. In his later life he was famous for learning Quran by heart.

His filmography in India was- Jamna Paar, Jeb katara, Dagabaj Dost, Khoufnak Aankhen, Hamari kismat, Jiyo Raja, Roop lekha, Bade Saheb, Gazab. Baama, Kyun ji, Gorilla, Khoj, Halla gulla, Sitamgar, Adamkhor, Pyara Dushman, Fighting queen, Jungle queen, Kar bhala, Bhala Admi, kal kya hoga, Sachhe ka bolbala, Teer aur Talwar, Shola jo bhadke, Zareena and Mister Toofan.
Bazmi sahib taught music to up-and-coming youngsters, but only Faisal Latif managed to become somewhat popular. When asked why his students like Shafiq-ur-Rehman, Tanveer Afridi, Shabana and Shazia Kausar are unable to reach the top, he said, “My job was to train them, which I did. Now it is up to the musicians to utilize them as I am sure they have the talent to be the best.” When asked if our youth going in the right direction, Bazmi sahib felt that it was because of our youths’ lack of interest that our music is not what it used to be.

“A youngster today doesn’t want to be taught like the legendary singers. His only interest is to become rich and famous in a short time, which is certainly the wrong way.”

He died on 22-3-2007 at Karachi.

(My thanks to Shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji, book Albela by Isak Mujawar and information in Listener’s Bulletin-no. 118)

Today’s song is sung by Asha Bhosle and chorus. There were 9 songs and ALL songs had Asha Bhosle as a singer. 8 songs were duets with Rafi. This is the only song without Rafi.


Song-Hone waali ho ke rahegi himmat haar na jaana (Halla Gulla)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Saba Afghani, MD-Nisar Baazmi
Chorus

Lyrics

ho o o
hone waali ho ke rahegi
himmat haar na jaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke

ho o o
hone waali ho ke rahegi
himmat haar na jaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke

ho ho o
o o o

ho o o
jaaun to naakaami
lautoon to badnaami
dil mera ghabraaye
kuchh na samajh mein aaye
kuchh na samajh mein aaye
o o o
o o o
laa pukaare aage badhhnaa
pyaar kahe ruk jaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke

ho ho o
o o o

ho o o
kaisi hai majboori ee e
paas bhi rah ke doori
naagan si bal khaaun
haath maloon reh jaaun
haath maloon reh jaaun
o o o
o o o
mujh pe jo kuchh beet rahi hai
haal koi na jaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke

ho ho o
o o o

ho o o
man hi man mein ro loon oon
apna bhed na kholoon
baat zubaan tak aaye
aur kahin naa jaaye
aur kahin naa jaaye
o o o
o o o
door khadi kismat muskaaye
chhede raag zamaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke

ho o o
hone waali ho ke rahegi
himmat haar na jaana
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke
gaao ek taraana
jhoom jhoom ke


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4411 Post No. : 15808

Today is 15th August, 2020 and we are celebrating 74rd Independence day. A national festival in COVID times, when all the festivals and celebrations have been kept low key and confined to own dwellings, very small gatherings or on the modern wonders of 21st century whatsapp and video conferences. But these small mercies have also been marred by the casualties. Most painful is the inability to visit the sick and not go the two steps distance towards the final rites of those who have lost this battle.

This past 6 months, we have all come to realize what really matters. Our family, friends and our inherent capacity to be happy and content, is the takeaway for us at the end of this. Surely, there is light at the end of this tunnel.

It has been 73 years since we have gained or wrested our freedom from a foreign power. A power, which still relishes its successes and spoils from the conquering and subduing of this ancient land of the Rishi Munis and sufi saints and great thinkers and poets. There is a saying “United we stand and divided we fall”. But here we are celebrating the event of the division of an ancient civilization. Over these 73 years and even before with the two world wars, we have seen elsewhere how those superpowers and their brethren create, fight and finish their unholy wars. Be it annihilation of Japan or the systematic destruction of Iraq(twice over), and the dismantling of the ‘khilaafat’ in Turkey, we in the end got free lightly, only with the three way division of the sub-continent and the loss of a few million lives in the cross migration or exchange of population, or whatever. Everything comes at a cost, and we, some would say have paid it. There is a very good reason for the tag of ‘sub-continent’ to this region of Hindustan. These are some things to ponder over.

The song I have chosen to present here is “Desh mein sankat aaya hai” from “Aap ki sewa mein” (1947). The song obviously of pre-independance era, as it ends with “Chheen lo , chheen lo ……..” . Meaning ‘Azaadi chheen lo”. Otherwise the lyrics are mainly about food shortages, or maybe it is talking about famine, in Bihar or Bengal.

By and large, our country is free of such fears, at least in matters of food. Initially with the extended lockdown, there were apprehensions everywhere, especially in the elderly. They were not totally unfounded with the transportation and all activity at the standstill, there is always a chance of things going horribly bad. But the bureaucratic vigilance and diligence at every step of the way saved the day for India. Indian bureaucracy, however maligned as “babus” is a fine institution so is the distribution network of resources and essentials, that much has been proved. We take these institutions for granted, until they are threatened, look to be losing significance. Only then we acknowledge what it was and what we lost.

Despite these apprehensions, all was fine at least in Mumbai. But one thing I could not find in my 3 visits to the supermarket, i.e. the humble ‘safed watana’ 🙂 .

Here is a bonus, a poem by Sahir Ludhianvi :

– वीरसा –
ये वतन तेरी मेरी नस्ल की जागीर नहीं
सैकड़ों नस्लों की मेहनत ने सँवारा है इसे
कितने ज़ेहनों का लहू कितनी निगाहों का अ’रक़
कितने चेहरों की हया कितनी ज़बीनों की शफ़क़
ख़ाक की नज़्र हुई तब ये नज़ारे बिखरे
पत्थरों से ये तराशे हुए असनाम ए जवाँ
ये सदाओं के खंम-ओ-पेच ये रंगों की ज़ुबां
चिमनियों से निकलता हुआ ये पुर पेच धुआँ
तेरी तख़्लीक़ नहीं है मेरी तख़्लीक़ नहीं
हम अगर ज़िद भी करें इस पर तो तसदीक़ नहीं
ई’ल्म सूली पर चढ़ा तब कहीं तख़मीना बना
ज़हर सदियों ने पिया तब कहीं नौशीना बना
सैकड़ों पावों कटे तब कहीं इक ज़ीना बना
तेरे क़दमों के तले या मेरे क़दमों के तले
नौ ए इंसान के शब ओ रोज़ की तक़दीर नहीं
ये वतन तेरी मेरी नस्ल की जागीर नहीं
सैकड़ों नस्लों की मेहनत ने सँवारा है इसे

तेरा ग़म कुछ भी सही मेरा अलम कुछ भी सही
एहल ए सर्वत की सियासत का सितम कुछ भी सही
कल की नस्लें भी कोई चीज़ हैं, हम कुछ भी सही
उन का वरसा हों खंडर ये सितम ईजाद न कर
तेरी तख़्लीक़ नहीं तू उसे बर्बाद न कर
जिस से देहक़ान को रोज़ी नहीं मिलने पाती
मैं न दूंगा तुझे वो खेत जलाने का सबक़
फ़स्ल बाक़ी है तो तक़सीम बदल सकती है
फ़स्ल की ख़ाक से क्या मांगेगा जम्हूर का हक़
पुल सलामत है तो तू पार उतर सकता है
चाहे तबलीग़ बग़ावत के लिए ही उतरे
वरना ग़ालिब की ज़बान में मेरे हमदम मेरे दोस्त
दाम हर मौज में है हल्क़ा ए सद काम ए नेहंग
सोच ले फिर कोई तामीर गिराने जाना
तेरी तामीर से है जंग के तख़रीब से जंग
एहल ए मनसब हैं ग़लत कार तो इन के मनसब
तेरी ताईद से ढाले गए , तू मुजरिम है
मेरी ताईद से ढाले गए मैं मुजरिम हूँ
पटरियाँ रेल की, सड़कों की बसें, फ़ोन के तार
तेरी और मेरी ख़ताओं की सज़ा क्यूँ भुगतें
इन पे क्यूँ ज़ुल्म हो जिन की कोई तक़सीर नहीं
ये वतन तेरी मेरी नस्ल की जागीर नहीं
सैकड़ों नस्लों की मेहनत ने सँवारा है इसे

तेरा शिकवा भी बजा मेरी शिकायत भी दुरुस्त
रंग ए माहोल बदलने की ज़रूरत भी दुरुस्त
कौन कहता है के हालात पे तनक़ीद न कर
हुकूमत के ग़लत दाओं की तर्वीद न कर
तुझ को इज़हार ए ख़यालात का हक़ हासिल है
और ये हक़ कोई तारीख़ की ख़ैरात नहीं
तेरे और मेरे रफ़ीक़ो ने लहू दे दे कर
ज़ुल्म की ख़ाक में इस हक़ का शजर बोया था
सालहा साल में जो बर्ग ओ समर लाया है
अपना हक़ मांग मगर इन के ता’आउन से न माँग
जो तेरे हक़ का तसव्वुर ही फ़ना कर डालें
हाथ उठा अपने मगर इन के जिलौ में न उठा
जो तेरे हाथ तेरे तन से जुदा कर डालें
ख़्वाब ए आज़ादी ए इंसान की ये त’अबीर नहीं
ये वतन तेरी मेरी नस्ल की जागीर नहीं
सैकड़ों नस्लों की मेहनत ने सँवारा है इसे
(साहिर लुधियानवी)
*****************

नस्ल – pedigree, ancestry
अरक़ – essence
जबीन – forehead
शफ़क़ – crimson colour of evening sky as the sun sets
असनाम जवाँ – idols of the young/youth
ख़म-ओ-पेच – curves and curls
तख़्लीक़ – creation
तसदीक़ – verifying, authentication
इल्म – knowledge, education
तख़्मीना – estimate or valuation
नौशीना – antidote for poison
ज़ीना – stairs
नौ-ए-इंसाँ – new generation / civilization
अलम – grief, affliction, pain
अहल-ए-सर्वत – The wealthy, well endowed
चीज़ – something or some matter
विर्सा – inheritance or heritage
ईजाद – invention
दहक़ान – farmers
सबक़ – lesson
तक़्सीम – division, distribution
फ़स्ल – harvest, yield
जम्हूर – republic, populace
तब्लीग़ – preaching
बग़ावत – revolt, rebel
दाम – a trap or costs
मौज – a wave or enjoyment/fun
हल्क़ा-ए-सद-काम-ए-नहंग – a circle of perils, chain of events(unwanted) in daily chores.
ता’मीर – construction
तख़रीब – destruction
अहल-ए-मंसब – The powerful
ग़लत-कार – wrong-doer, in the wrong
मंसब – seat of power, good offices
ताईद – consent, favour or encouragement
ख़ताओं – mistakes, faults
तक़्सीर – crime, sin
शिकवा – complaint
रंग-ए-माहौल – the hues in the atmosphere
हालात – conditions, current situations
तन्क़ीद – criticism
हुक्मरानों – the rulers
दा’वों – claims or tall claims
तरदीद – contradict or refuse
इज़हार-ए-ख़यालात – expression of thoughts and ideas
हासिल – available for you, gotten
तारीख़ – history
ख़ैरात – alms, charity
रफ़ीक़ों – friends, dear ones, well wishers
शजर – a tree
सालहा-साल – years after years
बर्ग-ओ-समर – leaves and fruits
तआ’वुन – help or co-operation
तसव्वुर – conception, imagination
फ़ना – destroy, finish
जिलौ – in the company of
ख़्वाब-ए-आज़ादी – The dream of liberty
त’अबीर – completion, realization

______

The song presented is composed by Datta Devjekar. Lyricist is Mahipal and singers are Mohammed Rafi and G. M. Sajan.


Song-Desh mein sankat aaya hai (Aap Ki Sewa Mein)(1947) Singers-Rafi, G M Sajan, Lyrics-Mahipal, MD-Datta Davjekar
Both

Lyrics

Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Aaya hai ae
Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Aaya hai ae

Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Ab kuchh kar ke dikhlaana hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai
Ab kuchh kar ke dikhlaana hai
Kam khaane ka
sab logon ko
badaa hunar sikhlaana hai
nayaa hunar sikhlaana hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai

Aadhi thaali chhod chhod kar
budhdhon ko utth jaane do
Aadhi thaali chhod chhod kar
budhdhon ko utth jaane do
naujawaanon ko minnat kar ke
sookhe chane chabaane do
naujawaanon ko mehnat kar ke
sookhe chane chabaane do

aage naariyon ooo
bahu betiyon o o

punya loot lo oo
ae punya loot lo
nandan (??) kar ke punya loot lo
Ye mauqa mat jaane do

nandan(??) kar ke punya loot lo
Ye mauqa mat jaane do

Yahi sandesaa
gali gali mein
aaj hamen pahunchaana hai
Yahi sandesaa
gali gali mein
aaj hamen pahunchaana hai
Kam khaane ka
sab logon ko
badaa hunar sikhlaana hai
nayaa hunar sikhlaana hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai

Do roti khaata ho uss ko
Aadhi pe majboor karo
Do roti khaata ho uss ko
Aadhi pe majboor karo
Kam-nase(?) mehmaan aaye
ae ae ae ae

Kam-nase (?) mehmaan aaye
To dhakke maaro door karo
Kam-nase(?) mehmaan aaye
To dhakke maaro door karo
Nayi roshni se logon ko
Naya sabaq samjhaana hai
Nayi roshni se logon ko
Naya sabaq samjhaana hai
Kam khaane ka
sab logon ko
badaa hunar sikhlaana hai
nayaa hunar sikhlaana hai
Desh mein sankat aaya hai

Bade niwaale tum na khaao
Bachchon ko ye seekh do
Bachchon ko ye seekh do
Ghar pe bhookha aaye maangne ae
Ghar pe bhookha aaye maangne
Lekin uss ko bheekh do oo

Ghar pe bhooka aaye maangne
Lekin uss ko bheekh do
Chheen lo
Chheen lo
Chheen lo
Chheen lo
Chheen lo


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4396 Post No. : 15771

Today is 31 july 2020. It is the 40th anniversary of the passing away of Mohammad Rafi ( 24 december 1924-31 july 1980) as all HFM lovers are only too aware. 31 july 1980 is a day which is still fresh in the minds of music lovers who were around at that time.

31 july 1880, a date exactly 100 years prior to 31 july 1980 was also an important day. It was on this day that Dhanpat Rai was born, who would later be known as Munshi Premchand (31 july 1880-8 october 1936), one of the most influential Urdu-Hindi author in modern Indian literature.

I have covered Munshi Premchand a few times in this blog. When one reads his creations, one is astonished at his vision, and his progressiveness. He was far ahead of the times in which he lived. He championed the cause of women empowerment, human rights and even animal rights at a time when these causes had not even become fashionable.

Munshi Premchand is considered an Urdu-Hindi literateur, but he was much more than just that. He was conversant in English as well. He was very well read in foreign literature. Translating foreign classics into Urdu and Hindi was one of his passions that has not received much attention from those who have studied him.

Munshi Premchand not only championed noble causes, he also practiced what he preached. After he separated from his first wife (with whom he was married as a child, in accordance with the then prevailing social practice), he married a widow, which was quite a revolutionary act those days.

Premchand began his career as a writer in Gorakhpur. Gorakhpur turned out to be the place where he was at his most creative. Gorakhpur was also the place where he spent the happiest days of his life (1916-1921). He was leading a contented life in Gorakhpur as a government school teacher (Assistant Master at Norman High School, Gorakhpur) when he listened to the speech of Mahatma Gandhi on 8 february 1921, where Gandhi Ji exhorted Indians to give up government jobs as part of non-cooperation movement. Munshi Premchand acted on this call and resigned from his job (he has received a promotion while at Gorakhpur and had become Deputy Inspector of Schools). With the consent of his wife, he resigned from his government job. Rest of his life was largely a struggle to make both ends meet. All that did not affect the quality of his penmanship.

Premchand briefly dabbled in the then new art form of Talkies. But he failed to adjust to the ways of the movies and went back to his first love, viz writing.

Many of his writings later went on to be made into films (Hindi as well as other languages). I have discussed ‘Do Bailon Ki Katha’ (which was made into ‘Heera Moti’ (1958) in the past. I have also discussed ‘Idgaah’. ‘Gaban’ is another of his novel that has been made into a movie.

It was in 1924 that Munshi Premchand wrote ‘Rangbhoomi’. It is the story of a blind beggar called Surdas. This story was made into a Hindi movie in 1946. This movie ‘Rangbhoomi’ (1946) was produced and directed by Mohan Bhavnani for Bhavnani Productions, Bombay. The movie had KN Singh, Nigar Sultana, Jagdish Sethi, Sulochana Chatterjee, Maqbul, Navin Yagnik, Gope etc.

To pay tribute to both Munshi Premhand and Md Rafi, here is a song from ‘Rangbhoomi’ (1946). This song is a multiple part song. Part I is sung by Rafi and chorus, while part II is sung by Rafi, Sahmshad Begam and chorus. Pt Phaani is the lyricist. Music is composed by Premnath (music director).

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal (Rangbhoomi)(1946) Singers-Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Pt Phaani, MD-Premnath (MD)
Male chorus
Female chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

———————–
Part I
———————–

kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

teri raah tedhi
teri door manzil
teri raah tedhi
teri door manzil
museebat nayi
har kadam se mukaabil
museebat nayi
har kadam se mukaabil
pahaadon ko dhhaa dega himmat bhara dil
himmat bhara dil
pahaadon ko dhhaa dega himmat bhara dil
himmat bhara dil
tu har khauf isse mitaaye chala chal
tu har khauf isse mitaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

chale na chale saath tere zamaana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
rahe kaafilaa tera hardam rawaana
hardam rawaana
rahe kaafilaa tera hardam rawaana
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

—————————
Part II
—————————

chale na chale saath tere zamaana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
chale na chale saath tere zamaana
sune na sune koi tera taraana
rahe kaafilaa tera lekin rawaana
rahe kaafilaa tera lekin rawaana

tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
tu duniya ko rasta dikhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

sun ae naujawaan
sun ae naujawaan
tujhko jhukna nahin hai
sun ae naujawaan
tujhko jhukna nahin hai
unhen chhod de jinke ghutna nahin hai
unhen chhod de jinke ghutna nahin hai
tujhe raaste bhar mein rukna nahin hai
tujhe raaste bhar mein rukna nahin hai

tu kaandhe se kaandha milaaye chala chal
tu kaandhe se kaandha milaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal

tu aage badhe usko peechhe hataa de
peechhe hataa de
jo roke use thokaron se uda de
thokaron se uda de
khuda se jo kehta hai use tu kar ke dikha de
tu kar ke dikha de
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
tu har waar seene pe khaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
Kadam suye manzil badhaaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal
koi saath aaye na aaye chala chal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4378 Post No. : 15723

Today’s song is from a very old – almost 83 year old – film, from the first decade of Talkie films – Khudai Khidmadgar-1937. The film was made by Bharat Lakshmi Pictures, Calcutta. It was directed by the all rounder Vithaldas Panchotia, who also did an important role in the film. Music was by Nagardas Nayak. All the 12 songs in the film were sung by 6 singers and songs were written by Arzoo lucknavi.

In the early years of Talkie films Arzoo Lucknavi was an important and well known personality in the Calcutta Film circle. Since 1932, he was under a contract with New Theatre, where he wrote stories, dialogues and songs for their Hindi films. Due to his contract, he could not officially use his own name as a Lyricist for this outside film, hence he gave the name of his son – Tanvir – as the Lyricist.

Aarzoo Lakhnavi was one of the most respected poets of his era. His father Mir Zakir Hussain Yas, who was a disciple of Jalal Lakhnavi and his elder brother Mir Yusuf Hussain Qayas, both were poets. Arzoo, who was born on 26-2-1893 as Mohammed Hussain, was brought up in a cultured and fairly well-off household. He did his early education at home. Later, he learnt Arabic and Persian from some famous scholars of Lucknow.

His career as a poet began with the composition of a Marsia at the age of twelve. As a poet, he wrote Ghazal, Najm, Marsia, Kaseeda, Nath, Rubai, Salaam, Masnavi, Geet etc. Guided by Jalaal Lucknavi, he soon became skilled in the art of poetry. After Jalal passed away, Aarzoo was accepted as his heir to guide his disciples.

He came to Calcutta in 1932 and joined The New Theatres to write songs and dialogues of Hindi films. His Hindi was simple. He used to use minimum Arabic or Urdu words in Hindi songs. In Calcutta, he started writing songs,stories and dialogues for Hindi films. After 21 films in Calcutta, he moved to Bombay in 1942, where he wrote lyrics and dialogues for 32 more (Total 53 films and 246 songs) films.

Later, he migrated to Karachi after partition and joined Radio Pakistan. However his songs continued in our Hindi films till 1967. Though he had also written plays and other forms of poetry, he rose to fame mainly because of his ghazals. Three collections of Aarzoo’s ghazals, viz., Fughan-e-Aarzoo, Jahan-e-Aarzoo and Nishan-e-Aarzoo have been popular with the Urdu readers.

In Pakistan he participated in the competition to write the National Anthem. His poem was rejected because it talked of Secularism, Equality and Humanity. Another poem having 99% Arabic words was selected. He died in Karachi on 17th April 1961.

When I had first read this film’s name some years ago,I was under the impression that this could be a film on some story connected with the Political organization, Khudai Khidmadgar, in the pre-independence era. It was originally an organisation started for the upliftment of Afghan people. The literal meaning of these words is ‘ God’s servant’. Later, it became a political movement under the leadership of Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan or Sarhad Gandhi. It was also called a “Red shirt” organisation.

During the mid 1930’s, the British Government was very strict, so obviously the film had nothing to do with politics. It was a plain simple Costume drama about a Saint like personality who helps people, thinking himself as ‘ God’s servant’. The film depicted how the cruel and unkind king changes, because of the teachings of this Saint.

The year 1937 was a year of Revolution for the newly started Talkie Film. Initially the films were mainly based on Folk tales, Parsi dramas and Mythological stories. 1937 was a year in which the Film industry was trying to drop its old skin and don a New Avtar. From this year, a variety of subjects were used to make films. If we briefly look at some path breaking, landmark films using Novel themes, we will understand how the film industry was attempting to change itself.

The newly established Minerva Movietone made a film on the importance and benefits of Celibacy in the film ‘Atma Tarang’.
Some artistes made their Debuts in 1937, like Ghulam Mohd.,MD for film Banke Sipahi, Comedian V H Desai in film Captain Kirti Kumar, Kishore Sahu in fil Jeevan prabhat, the eternal Mausi of Hindi films, Leela Mishra debuted in film Gangavataran. This was also a Debut film for Dadasaheb Phalke in making a Talkie film. David made his Debut in ‘Zambo-the ape man’.

Prakash films tried their hand at Stunt films with ‘ Challenge’ and ‘His Highness’, using Veterinary actors like Dogs, Horses and a Motorcycle. Prabhat’s iconic film ‘ Duniya Maane na’ shook All India audiences with its story. Shanta Apte sang an English song in it. Bombay Talkies made its first and last Mythological film ‘ Savitri ‘ with Ashok Kumar and Devika Rani.

Gangavataran was a film made by Dadasaheb Phalke. it was his First, the only and his last Talkie film too.

Imperial made India’s first indigenously made First colour film-Kisan Kanya. With this film, however, Master Nissar ended his ‘Hero’ ship as an actor.
Wadia Movietone made India’s first songless talkie film,’ Naujawan ‘, facing the ire of its audience for ‘cheating ‘ them !
‘Zambo – The Ape man ‘ became the first Tarzan type Indian talkie film, beginning a new Genre !
Maadan theatres Calcutta pulled its shutters down with their last Talkie film’ Zinda Bhoot ‘.

1937 was real path breaking for 2 solid reasons….One, for the first time, Playback singing started in a Bombay film with ‘Mahageet ‘. The song was sung by Anil Biswas, its MD and it was filmed on Hiren Bose, in the role of a beggar, near a crematorium (Smashan Bhoomi), as per book ‘ Music without Boundaries’ by Dr. Ashok Ranade,pp183-186.
Secondly,for the first time, in an Indian film successful special effects were used in film ” Khwaab ki Duniya ” -a film by Prakash Pictures, based on the popular novel “The Invisible Man” by H G Wells. A Hollywood film by the same name was made in 1933. The trick scenes in this indian film were as good as the Hollywood film. Credit goes to Babubhai Mistri for creating actions of an Invisible man , on the screen. He was nicknamed ” Kala Dhaga ” after this film.

Today’s film Khudai Khidmadgar-37 was made with all these path breaking film carnivals. The cast of the film was. Vithaldas Panchotiya, Khaleel Ahmed, Mazhar Khan, Dar kashmiri, Shyam Sundar, Radha Rani, Ram Pyari, Sarla Devi, Snehlata, Master Fid Hussain and others.

Just before the advent of Talkie films, Parsi theatre and other drama companies were the only Entertainment sources. Parsi Theatre was famous and most successful because it travelled all over India to perform. They used special reserved Trains to carry people and sets,drapery etc for their company from kashmir to kanyakumari and Gujarat to Rangoon. The success of Parsi Theatre was attributed to Pt. Narayan Prasad Betaab, Pt. Radheshyam Kathavachak, Agha Hashra Kashmiri and Master Fida Hussain – called the four Pillars of Dramas.

Our Sadanand Kamath ji has already written about Betaab, Kashmiri and Kathavachak. Today I will write on the remaining Pillar – Master Fida Hussain to complete the quartet.

Fida Hussain (11/03/1898 to 10-7-1999) was born in Moradabad (UP) in a conservative family. Right from childhood, Fida Hussain was fond of singing. It is quite likely that he got interested in singing because of the travelling theatres and nautanki groups that visited his town. Fida Hussain’s father and uncle did not like his interest in singing. Almost every day, the young Fida Hussain used to get beatings from his uncle for singing, though his father despite the dislike for the singing and music, spared him from beating.

But the more beatings he got, his fondness for singing increased. He also started watching the free shows of nautanki (folk theatre) which culminated into his love for the acting as well. This enraged his married elder brother who instigated his wife to do something to affect his voice. One day, she served him paan with vermilion powder which resulted in loss of his voice for nearly six months. After getting his voice back thanks to a visiting Sadhu who gave him some prescriptions, Fida Hussain started attending nautanki shows with a greater vigour than before.

In 1917, Fida Hussain joined a local drama club and got training for six months before being given a female role in the drama ‘Shahi Faqeer’. In this way, the path toward theatre opened for him. Soon, with the recommendation of his local drama club’s President, he went on to join the New Alfred Theatrical Company which was touring around Delhi for staging ‘Veer Abhimanyu’. In January 1918, Fida Hussain ran away from his home in Moradabad for Delhi leaving his newly married wife at home.

The New Alfred company never employed female actors. Hence the female roles were performed by the male actors like Master Nissar. Fida Hussain also got mostly the female roles in New Alfred.

Once when New Alfred was staging a show in Meerut, one of the boys from his neighbourhood recognised Fida Hussain and promptly reported the matter to his father. His father-in-law promptly lodged a complaint with police and an arrest warrant was issued. This entire episode is too big to cover here. The conclusion of this episode was Fida Hussain got a reprieve from his father, who allowed him reluctantly to continue with his passion after getting assurances from him that he would never indulge in intoxication (of any form), gambling, always keep high morality and keep in touch with his family by visiting his hometown.

With his domestic issues getting resolved amicably, Fida Hussain could now concentrate fully on theatres. His association with New Alfred continued until it closed down in 1930. His most popular dramas under New Alfred were ‘Parivartan’ (1922), ‘Veer Abhimanyu (c 1923), ‘Parambhakt Prahlad’ (c 1923), ‘Shri Krishna Avatar’ (1924-25), ‘Ishwar Bhakti’ (1928), ‘Laila Majnu’ (1930). Except for ‘Laila Majnu’, Fida Hussain played the female roles in all these plays.

In the 1930s and 1940s, Fida Hussain got associated with many theatre companies all over north, east and west India, the prominent being Alfred, Madan (pronounced as Maadon), Shah Jahan, Narsi, Mohan and finally taking up the reins of Moonlight Theatre owned by Marwadi brothers in Calcutta (now Kolkata). During this period, Fida Hussain worked in ‘Nal Damyanti’, ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’, Khoobsoorat Balaa’, ‘Seeta Banvas’, ‘Chalta Purza’, ‘Bhakta Narsi Mehta’, ‘Bharat Milap’, ‘ Krishna Leela’ and many more.

In 1939, he donned the title role of Narsi Mehta in the play ‘Bhakt Narsi Mehta’. The play became a hugely popular hit and it played for over 1000 nights. Because of this, Fida Hussain was honoured with the title ‘Narsi’ which he proudly used as a suffix to his name as Fida Hussain ‘Narsi’.

With the advent of talkies, Fida Hussain, like many other artists from theatres, was associated with a few Hindi films during 1934-46 as an actor-singer. The first film he worked was ‘Ramayan’ (1934) followed by ‘Insaf Ki Tope’ (1934), ‘Kunwaari Ya Vidhwa’ (1935), ‘Diljaani’ (1935), ‘Dil Ki Pyaas’ (1935), ‘Daku Ka Ladka’ (1935), ‘Balidaan’ (1935), ‘Khudaai Kitmadgaar’ (1937), ‘Matwali Meera’ (1940), ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941), ‘Arabian Nights’ (1946) and ‘Toote Sapne’ (1946, Unreleased).

Except for ‘Bambaiwaali’ (1941) which was produced in Bombay (Mumbai), rest of films in which Fida Hussain worked were produced in Calcutta (Kolkata) where he was associated with Moonlight Theatres. I find that barring one or two films, he had small roles in the rest of his films. It is quite possible that due to his immense popularity on stage as an actor-singer, the producers of the films may have taken him in their films to attract his large fans to watch the films. My guess is that Fida Hussain did not have much interest in working in films as his heart was with the theatre.

Fida Hussain continued his association with Moonlight Theatres, Calcutta (Kolkata) where he was the boss. The owners (4 Marwadi brothers) did not interfere in any aspects of the Moonlight Theatre so long as they earned profit from this venture. I am surprised as to how Fida Hussain could successfully compete with Hindi films and run the Moonlight Theatres profitably in the 1950s and 60s. In 1968 when Fida Hussain completed 50 years in Parsi Theatre, he decided to retire from the theatre activities and spend the rest of his life with his extended family in Moradabad. With his retirement, the Moonlight Theatre was closed and with this the glorious years of Parsi Theatre came to an end.

However, Fida Hussain remained busy during most of his post-retirement years. Being the only living legend of Parsi theatres, his knowledge about the old theatrical styles were utilised for those interested in theatre. He became a regular visiting faculty for the National School of Drama, New Delhi until the 90s. He also conducted workshops for students who were pursuing their interest in the theatre. He was often one of the invitees to symposiums and seminars on Indian theatres. In 1985, Fida Hussain received the Central Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in recognition of his contributions to Indian theatres. In 1978, he received the Uttar Pradesh Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for acting. Fida Hussain passed away on 10-7- 1999.

Fida Hussain may be one of the few theatre personalities who commanded not only the respect but also kept his reputation high even during his poet-retirement years. He was also one of a few artists who judiciously used his earnings to create a bright future for his two sons and two daughters. At the time of his death, Fida Hussain was the owner of two brassware business firms in Moradabad which were run by his two sons.

During his theatre days, Fida Hussain recorded more than 200 songs with HMV. However, his filmy songs are few (may be less than 20) and it seems some of them were not issued on gramophone records.

Harmandir Singh Hamraz ji , who compiled the Hindi film geet Kosh, told an anecdote about Fida Hussain. During the data collection work of his geet kosh, Hamraj got the address of Fida Hussain in Moradabad. He wrote him a letter, requesting for an appointment to collect some data. For many days there was no reply. Suddenly, one day in the morning, Hamraz was astonished to see Fida Hussain at his doorstep. Fida Hussain said, ” I got your letter, but I wanted to see who this person is, who wants to know about the matters of 50 years ago. So I came here.” Hamraz ji kept him in his house for a week or so and he also gave all possible valuable information to Harmandir Singh Ji. This story is told by Harmandir ji himself.

Today’s song is sung by Master Fida Hussain, who did the role of a General of Army in the film. This song was repeated 4 times in the film, as told by Fida Hussain himself.

( My thanks for information from book ” The stages of Life” by Kathryn Hansen, Listener’s Bulletins, book ” पूर्वसुरींचे सूर ” by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar, Flashback by Isak Mujawar and my own notes over the years)


Song-Khoti duniya badi Rangeeli dekh na dhokha khaana baaba (Khudaai Khidmatgaar)(1937) Singer- Master Fida Hussain, Lyricist-Arzoo Lucknowi, MD- Nagardas Nayak

Lyrics

Khoti duniya badi Rangeeli
dekh na dhokha khaana baaba
phool mein kaantaa chhupa hua hai
mumkin hai chubh jaana baaba

is jeene ka kaun bharosa
ye jeena kya jeena aa aa
chalti saans hawa ka jhonka
ye aana wo jaana baaba

na thhe jin zaalimon ke zulm se
aman o amaan baaqi
mite aise ke ab khud bhi nahin unka nishaan baaqi
sukh mein sukh hai
dukh mein dukh hai
jo dena so paana baaba

lamba rasta kos kade hain
aur akele jaana aa aa
khaai kuyen se se bachte rehna
samajh ke paaon badhaana baaba

jaane waale aake mein(?) rang e chaman dikhla gaye
chaar din mein chaal gul mahke
khile murjha gaye
do din ka hai hera phera
aaj aana kal jaana baaba
do din ka hai hera phera
aaj aana kal jaana baaba
khoti duniya badi rangeeli
dekh na dhokha khaana baaba
phool mein kaanta chhupa hua hai
mumkin hai chubh jaana baaba aa aa aa


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4351 Post No. : 15664

Hullo Atuldom

Often when I read the title of some posts i.e. the name of the song associated with the post, I recollect some other song, may be of a different era. This has happened a number of times. Same goes with movie titles too. There are many movie titles that have been repeated over the years and our in-house encyclopedia, Sudhirji and Atulji have written a few posts regarding the same i.e. about titles that have been repeated.

As I was preparing this post I just googled the title “Bandhan” and I found it has been used about 17 times in TV and movie productions language and country no-bar – found a movie by this title in Bangladeshi cinema too (referred imdb.com). Looks like this is a favorite title of Bengali producers who make entertainment material- there is a drama too with the title “Bandhan” (got this too from imdb.com). Of course we do have movies which have words preceding or following “Bandhan” in their titles- “Bandhan Kachche Dhaagon ka”, “Prem Bandhan”, “Bandhan Anjana” etc etc.

But let us concentrate on Hindi movies. We have four movies with the title “Bandhan” in 1940, 1956, 1969 & 1998.

“Bandhan” (1940) had Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis in the lead, was directed by N.R. Acharya and was a Bombay Talkies production. It had music by Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal. It had 11 songs 7 by Saraswati Devi and 4 by Ramchandra Pal and all the songs are posted on the blog.

“Bandhan” (1956) was directed by Hemchandra Chunder (info from imdb.com), produced by D.K. Sarkar, had Pradeep Kumar- Meena Kumari- Motilal playing main characters and had music by Hemant Kumar. The blog has 2 out of its 7 songs.

“Bandhan” (1969) directed by Narendra Bedi and produced by G.P.Sippy had Rajesh Khanna- Mumtaz- Anju Mahendroo and had music by Kalyanji Anandji. This movie had 5 songs and 4 are on the blog. Sanjeev Kumar had a special appearance in this “Bandhan”.

All these movies are present on the blog. “Bandhan” (1998) directed by K. Muralimohan Rao had Jackie Shroff- Salman Khan- Ashwini Bhave- Rambha and was produced by Narendra Bajaj. Anand raj Anand and Himesh Reshammiya were the music directors. This movie is yet to debut on the blog and it has some good songs.

16th June 2020 is the 100th birthdate of the legendary music director Hemant Kumar Mukherjee. He was born in Varanasi in the house of his maternal grandfather who was a physician. He is said to have grownup in the Bhawanipore area of Calcutta. His first recorded song was in 1935 for All India Radio. His first disc (non-film) was for the Columbia label in 1937 and the 1941 released Bengali film “Nimai Sanyas” had his first film song. His first Hindi film song was under Pt. Amarnath’s music direction in the 1944 release “Iraada”. Hemantda (as he was addressed affectionately) was one of the foremost exponents of Rabindra Sangeet. His first as a music director was the 1947 release “Abhiyatri” in Bengali. A detailed biography of Hemantda has been done by the stalwarts of the blog in a few posts in the past and I am not an authority on Hemantda.

The statistics page of the blog tells me that Hemantda has given music in 55 Hindi movies with a total of 417 songs of these the blog has 290 songs; also he has sung 322 songs of which the blog has 204 song. That means we have covered 50% of Hemantda as music director and about 75% as singer on the blog.

Today on his birth centenary we shall have one more which has been sung by him too. He also happens to be the music director. The song is written by Rajinder Krishan. On screen it is performed by Pradeep Kumar who is going around preaching that it is ‘good to be human’ and follow the ‘jiyo aur jeene do’ policy. He is accompanied by Asit Sen who is in awe. I don’t know if I am the only one who feels this- Hemant Kumar’s voice was tailor-made for Pradeep Kumar.

Remembering Hemant Kumar on his birth centenary.


Song-Jo milna hai Bhagwaan se (Bandhan)(1956) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae
toh mil pehle insaan se ae
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae

jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
prabhu se kaise milne dengi
tujhe beech ki deewaarein
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se

laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
apna aap chhupaa kar
bunta jag ka taana baana hai
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagawan se

uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
neecha kar woh kaam nikaale
jo nikle na maan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae


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Blog Day: 4334 Post No.: 15630

“Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960) was directed by Ramesh Tiwari for N C Films, Bombay. This “Social” movie had Bharat Bhushan, Anita Guha, Jeewan, Tiwari, Prem Chopra (debut), Krishnakumari, Bela, Kammo, Helen, Naaz, Mishra, Anwari Bai, Narbada Shankar, Rajinder Kathana, Ratan Gaurang, Nemo, Prakash, Robert etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Seven songs have been covered in the past.

Details of the seven songs covered in the blog are :-

S N Song Post number in blog Date of posting
1 Haseen ho Khudaa to nahin ho 1524 28-June-2009
2 Tere peechhe phirte phirte ho gayaa pooraa saal re 2441 30-Apr-2010
3 Auraton ke dabbe mein mard aa gayaa 2447 3-May-2010
4 Jahaan tu tu tu wahaan main main main 12362 10-Sep-2016
5 Baaghon mein kabootar kaale 13845 28-Dec-2017
6 Ye hai june ka maheena aaye bada hi paseena 15100 1-July-2019
7 Raat kaali jugnu chamken 15614 20-May-2020

Here is the eighth and final song from “Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960). This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and Geeta Dutt. At least another unknown female voice is there in addition to chorus. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl

The song is picturised as a stage song and it is a song with a message as it is against the dowry system.

I am unable to identify the actors seen in the picturisation. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify them.

With this song, all the eight songs of “Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh”(1960) get covered in the blog and the movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Aao aao ladki waalon…dulha bikta beech baazaar (Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh)(1960) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Geeta Dutt, Unknown female voice, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

aao aao ladki waalon
ladka mila ?? raha hai
dulhan ke liye dulhe ka daam ho raha hai
ye hai ladka B A
iski bolo boli
ek hazaar
ek nahin bhai
do hazaar
arre do nahin bhai
chaar hazaar
arre chaar bhi kya hai
das hazaar
aji das to kya hai
bees hazaar
bees hazaar
bees hazaar ek
bees hazaar do
bees hazaar teen

dulha bikta beech baazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopar

mera ladka M A
iski keemat jo bhi bole
baarah man wo chaandi laaye
sona teen sau tole
satrah jode do sau suit
bahan ki saadi bhai ka boot
ghadi sasur ki saas ka joda
do motor ek baggi ghoda
palang radio aur kaaleen
rang birange sofe teen
ye sab do
ye sab do to kar sakta hoon main kuchh soch vichaar
hai aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar
dhikkaar
dhikkaar

dulha bikta beech bazar
ye hai shadi ya vyopar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopar

mera ladka anpadh phir bhi keemat poora laakh
laakh to den par kahaan seth ji dulhe ki ??
arre ek haath ka hai ek laakh
do ka leta main do laakh
kyun ladke ki itni fees
hai ye khaandaani raees
chaar sau beeghe hai jaageer
khulegi ladki ki taqdeer
aisa var
aisa var
aisa var na milega chaahe dhoondho sab sansaar
hoye aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar dhikkaar dhikkaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar

kab tak dukhiya baabul apni kanya rakhe kanwaari
roz ye paudha chadhta jaaye
badhe ye jimmewaari
aaj khuda ban baithe hain ye beton ka vyopaari
kya ho sab ghar bar bike bik jaye kapde tan ke
laaunga jo bhi maagoge bete waalon bhihkaari banke
main bhikhaari banke
main bhikhaari banke
main bhikhaari banke ae

motor bangla chaandi sona
haan haan haanji aur kaho na
nakdi laakh nahin to n
sab manzoor hai kahdo haan
acchha to ha,
haan
haan
ja ri ja ri dulhaniya pyaari
tere baabul ne waari tujhpe duniya saari

ja ri ja ri dulhaniya pyaari
(aa aa aa aa aa)
tere baabul ne waari tujhpe duniya saari

hamen bulaa ke ghar pe tumne diya ye dhokha kaisa
laalach buri bala hai
milta hai jaise ko taisa
abhi saza ye kam hi mili hai
bhaago yahaan se laala
warna pakad se pitwaayenge
hum munh karke kaala
upar se daalenge gale mein hum jooton ka haar

rrr
yoon na karna
isse achcha hai marna
kya tumko daulat pyaari
na na ji izzat pyaari
to paaon pe rakh do pagdi
maangoon ne ek bhi damdi
to karlo aaj se tauba
mere to baap ki tauba
kya maan li tumne haar
haan chhoda ji chhoda ye beton ka vyopaar
aisi shaadi pe dhikkaar dhikkaar dhikkaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shadi ya vyopaar
beche pagdi to baabul laaye beti ka singaar
dulha bikta beech bazaar
ye hai shaadi ya vyopaar


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4333 Post No.: 15628

“Zingaaro”(1963) was directed by Chandrakant for Jai Films, Bombay. This “costume drama” movie had Jairaj, Jabeen Jaleel, Tiwari, Bela Bose, Laxmi Chhaaya, Aruna Irani, Maruti, Mridula, Babu Raje, Poonam Kapoor, Baburao Pahalwan, Radheshyam, Moolchand, Ghani, Pahalwan, Julien etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Zingaaro”(1963) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and chorus. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Muhabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo (Zingaaro)(1963) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-S N Tripathi
Chorus

Lyrics

muhabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo o
jale dil magar muskuraate chalo
muhabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo
jale dil magar muskuraate chalo
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa

honthon pe ho naam kisi ka
yaad kisi ki seene mein
pyaar na ho to phir kya rakkha
hai marne ya jeene mein
ho ho ho ho ho
ho ho ho

honthon pe ho naam kisi ka
yaad kisi ki seene mein
pyaar na ho to phir kya rakkha
hai marne ya jeene mein
ulfat ki mehak sajaate chalo o o o
mohabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo o
jale dil magar muskuraate chalo
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa

jiske dil mein pyaar samaaya
roke se kab rukta hai
dilwaale ka sar to bas
dildaar ke aage jhukta hai
ho ho ho ho ho
ho ho ho

jiske dil mein pyaar samaaya
roke se kab rukta hai
dilwaale ka sar to bas
dildaar ke aage jhukta hai
duniya ki nazren jhukaate chalo o o o
mohabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo o
jale dil magar muskuraate chalo
muhabbat mein sab kuchh lutaate chalo o o
jale dil magar muskuraate chalo


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day: 4330 Post No.: 15623

Today’s song is from film Aagey Kadam-43. This is an obscure movie, in the sense that no information about its story etc is available anywhere on the Net or Film India magazine issues. However, from the lyrics of its various songs, one can say that the film is about a love story set amidst Patriotic atmosphere. Of course, being British times, such films had to be careful, lest their raw material quota of Raw Film would get into problem, during the wartime controls. Further the tablet of patriotism has to be sugar coated, so as not to get into legal tangle like perhaps”Kismet” of Bombay Talkies !

Among the wartime films, from 1939 to 1945, I feel that the year 1943 was quite significant as many musical, noteworthy and successful films came up during this year. Taking a look at the films of 1943, we find that a total of 105 Hindi films were made in this year. For the 7 year period of 39 to 45, this was the highest number – the lowest being 1945 with just 74 films.

Films like Aabroo, Bhakta Raj, Hamaari baat, Hospital, Hunterwali ki beti, Ishara, Kanoon, Kashinath, Kismet, Mahatma Vidur, Manchali, Mazaq, Nadaan, Nagad Narayan (a remake of Marathi film-‘ पैसा बोलतो आहे ), Nai Kahani (one of the best songs of Hindi film history-” neend hamari, khwaab tumhare ” was from this film), Najma (first film of Mehboob productions), Namaste,, Pagli, Panghat (film Chitchor-76 had the same story), Paapi, Paraya Dhan (The only song by Deena Sanghvi Pathak), Poonji, Prithvi Vallabh (debut in a Bombay film by Meena Shorey), Ram Rajya (super duper Hit film), Sanjog (Suraiya’s playback to Mehtab), Shahenshah Akbar, Shakuntala (First film of Rajkamal Kalamandir of V Shantaram), Tansen (last film of Nagendra Majumdar-father of Ninu Majumdar,MD), Vishwas, Wapas, and Zamin (debut of Khurshid Jr.), made 1943 an year full of content, Music, Acting and entertainment.

Amongst these films, a movie like Aagey kadam-43 was nowhere to be noticed or remembered. The film was made by Acharya Art Production, owned by its director, N R Acharya. This is what Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema says about Acharya….N R Acharya,Hindi director (1909-1993) born in Karachi. Was a government contractor when he joined East India film Company in Calcutta (1934). Later worked as production manager at Bombay Talkies, where he directed the first examples of S. Mukherjee’s new regime, e.g. Bandhan and the Abbas script Naya Sansar. Became producer with KISHORE SAHU’s Kunwara Baap (1942). Continued producing under the Acharya Arts Prod. banner until 1950. Also made Gujarati films, e.g. Lagna Mandap.

FILMOGRAPHY-1940: Bandhan; Azad; 1941: Naya Sansar; 1942: Uljhan; 1943: Aage Kadam; 1949: Parivartan; Shohrat (with K. Amarnath); 1950: Lagna Mandap; 1956: Dhola Maru.

There were two MDs for this film- old timer Madholal Damodar Master and Ramchandra Pal- who was in Bombay Talkies, with Acharya. The cast of the film was Motilal, Anjali Devi, Mubarak, Rajkumari Shukla, Leela Pawar, Narbada Shankar and others. There were 8 songs, but in the absence of individual credit we do not know which song was composed by whom. Lyricist was Kailash Matwala. Out of these 8 songs, I have heard 7 songs and find them good songs with tune and rendition. One song of Motilal is already on the Blog.

The name Anjali Devi, which appears in the cast is not of the famous south actress Anjali Devi ( 8-12-1927 to 13-1-2014 ), who acted in films like Ek the Raja-51( dubbed film), Shuk Rambha-53,Ladki-53, Devta-56, Suvarn Sundari-57 etc etc. This Anjali Devi of the 40s was different. As usual, I find that the filmography of south Anjali devi includes films done by Anjali Devi of the 40s. This is what I call Same Name Confusion.

Miss Anjali Devi’s real name was Durgesh Kumari. She was born at Benaras in 1926 in a respectable Brahmin family. Her education was not much but she was fluent in Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. At the age of 14 years, she came to Bombay, to fulfil her desire of becoming an actress.

She joined Ranjit Films and worked in film Pardesi in the year 1940. The film was released in 1941. She was credited as Durgesh in this film. She was called to Bombay Talkies to work in film ‘ Punarmilan’-40, directed by Najam Naqvi. When a section of artistes, led by S.Mukherjee, left Bombay Talkies to start Filmistan in 42, one of the BT directors N.R.Acharya also left and started his own company Acharya Art Productions. Anjali Devi also left to join Acharya.

She acted in 3 films of Acharya, Kunwara Baap-42, Uljhan-42 and Aage Kadam-43. She later on acted in Paristan-44, and Parivartan-49. She then got married to N.R.Acharya and settled as a Housewife.

There is one more name-Rajkumari Shukla. There is scant information available on the net about her. Recently, I got her more information from an Urdu book ” Filmi Titlian” 1945, written by Bijli Jampuri from Hyderabad Deccan (that is my hometown). So here is her latest information for our readers…

Raj Kumari Shukla, She was born in a well-known Brahmin family in Calcutta in 1903. Her own life has been quite tragic. She had to join the film industry not so much because of personal choice, but due to tragic personal circumstances. Like most young girls from Indian families, this virtuous lady, well-versed in household chores, got married. But her family life after marriage proved to be extremely unhappy — so much so that one day her husband gave her a brutal beating and drove her from his house.

Finding no refuge anywhere, she went to Jagannath Puri (in Orissa) and lived there in an ashram. Gradually, her family history and marital problems became known to one of the priests there, and he informed her parents. Her elder sister then brought her back to her house.

One theatre actor known locally as Gujarati Baba used to live nearby. Sometimes, she would get some theatre passes from him and go to local theatres to see some plays. This not only helped her to forget her unhappy past but also kindled in her young heart the desire to act in plays. The Gujarati Baba then persuaded her to adopt acting as a profession. Accordingly, in 1933, she joined Maadan Theatre and began her career as a leading lady, Film-goers of those days can still recall her “hilaali abroo, tez aankhen, kushaada peshaani aur siaah zulfen”. She excelled in emotional roles.

Starting her career in silent films, she came into her own with the advent of “Talkies”. Apart from Maadan Theatre, she worked for other film companies too. Her memorable films included “Intezaar”, “Zevar”, “Jagat Mohini”, “Far’yaad”, “Chaandni”, “Sharda”, “Panghat”, Tulsi”, “Swami, “Ek Raat”, “Man Ki Jeet”, “School Master”, Dulhan”, “Badalti Duniya”, “Aankh Micholi”, “Raj Nartaki”, “Jhoola” and “Najma”. She now acted more as a character artiste and vamp. Her realistic emoting in such negative roles makes the audiences shiver in revulsion. Her roles in films like “Ek Raat”, “Swami”, “Jhoola”, “Far’yaad” and “Dulhan” have been specially appreciated by film-goers.

She was only an actor and not a singer. She acted in 31 Talkie films. She also worked in few Gujarati and Bangla films. Her last recorded Hindi film was Nai Maa-46. She did sing just one song in her career. That was in film Panghat-43. It was a duet with Baby Tara. At her times, the other more famous actress-singer Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali was also very active. In few films both acted, but the songs were only by Rajkumari Dubey Banaraswali. There were two more Rajkumaris also. One was Rajkumari Calcuttewali and another was from south, T.R.Rajkumari. Their details have been described earlier and also in my book” Forgotten artists….”. (Information for the above has been taken from Urdu book,”Filmi Titlian”published in 1945, and Film Directory, with thanks.)

Today’s song is a duet by Anjali Devi and Motilal, with Chorus. This is also a sort of Patriotic song, exhorting friends to be ready for a sacrifice for the country.


Song-Aage kadam badhaana hoga (Aage Kadam)(1943) Singers- Motilal, Anjali Devi (Durgesh Kumari), Lyricist- Kailash Matwala, MDs- Master Madholal and Ramchandra Pal
Both

Lyrics

Doston
naya sabak sikhlaana hoga
naya sabak sikhlaana hoga
dhang zamaane ka badla hai
dhang zamaane ka badla hai
kuchh kar ke
kuchh kar ke dikhlaana hoga
haahaakaar uthha hai jag mein
haahaakaar uthha hai jag mein
peena hai to aaj
peena hai to aaj jagat mein
peena hai to aaj

aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage

baadhaaon ko door hataana hoga
soyon ko phir aaj jagaana hoga
apne ko apnaanaa hoga
phoolon ko samjhaana hoga
?? nahin hai
?? nahin hai
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga

aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage

aafaten jo sar pe aayen
unse na daro
shaan se jiyo
shaan se maro
aafaten jo sar pe aayen
unse na daro
shaan se jiyo
shaan se maro
yahi sandesa ?? chali hai
yahi sandesa ?? chali hai
aaj hamen pahunchaana hoga
aaj hamen pahunchaana hoga
aao

aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage
aage
aage kadam badhaana hoga
aage
aage
aage
aage


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4312 Post No. : 15591 Movie Count :

4292

Today’s song is from an obscure film Suhagan-1942. The film was produced by Sunrise pictures, Bombay. It was directed by a veteran, foreign educated director, J P Advani aka Jagatrai Pesumal Advani and the music was composed by Shanti Kumar Desai, for songs written by M R Kapoor. The cast of the film was Jahan ara Kajjan, Kumar, Radha Rani, Jilloo, Majid, Kesharbai, Bhudo Advani, Mirza Musharraf, Kalyani etc etc.

It is a well known fact that in the beginning of the Talkie film era, most actresses came from singing families or Kalawanteens(as called in Maharashtra and Goa) or Devdasis (Karnataka). Their entry in films was easier than other girls, because they knew Hindi/Urdu and had a singing skill too. Better looking girls became Heroines. Most such girls joined film line for mainly two reasons. One – they could earn much more in films than on the Kothas and with total independence and glamour too. And two – most girls harboured an unspoken wish to catch hold of a Seth ji or a rich person, marry him and then lead a more respectable life. On the Kothas, marriage was a no-no, by tradition. To achieve this, they did not mind being the second wife. However a marriage was a must to provide a legitimacy to their relationship.

There are umpteen number of examples of such marriages, which took place in film line, but I will not repeat their list here. majority of such marriages were long lasting. In these marriages too there were two types. one, where the girl became a highly respected member of the society, with specific contribution to husband’s business and the other type was , where the marriage failed or ended due to various reasons and the girls faced miseries and their end came in very pathetic conditions.

When I think of the second type, many examples come to my mind. The case of the beautiful singer actress Vatsala Kumthekar is the worst. After her husband Ibrahim Sheth died, she was thrown on the road. She lived on footpath as a beggar. Later, she became mad and one day she died on the footpath. Someone from the onlooking crowd recognised her and next day her news came in papers. She was cremated by the Municipality as “an unclaimed body”.

Similarly, the life of singer actress ( with knee length hair) Rattanbai also ended as a beggar, near Haji Ali Darga, after husband Hafiz ji died. Sridevi, the second ‘wife’ of Khemchand Prakash, lived for 40 years on the footpath as a mad woman, after his death in the hospital (MP Javed Akhtar stated this in the Rajya Sabha also, once).

Of course, not all marriages went sour. There were some really couragious and capable girls, who contributed not only to husband’s success, but also created their own images in the society. One such wife was Gohar Mamajiwala, who stood by Chandulal Shah in his hard times as well as shared all responsibilities of running Ranjit studios. She was highly respected in film industry. Another such lady was Sardar Akhtar, Mehboob’s wife. Then there was Indurani, wife of Ramniklal Shah, who brought up her sons and daughters with high grade education and settled with them in the USA. The first Heroine of Hindi films, Zubeida who married Raja Dhanrajgir of Hyderabad (a Jagirdar), led a very respectable high end life after marriage. Jaddanbai also created her special image in the industry.( recently I have written about her in details.)

Today, I will talk about a girl from Tawayaf family, who did not marry anyone, but led a condensed life of 50 years in just 30 years, lived like a Fashion Icon of her times, a heart throb of many a rich and handsome (& some not so handsome, but ‘stinking’ rich) persons, a very successful singing actress, famous all over India and one who remained a beautiful maiden till she died.

Yes, I am talking about Jahan Ara Kajjan. She, along with handsome Master Nissar, mesmerised the audiences with beauty and songs, in the beginning of Talkie era. She contributed substantially in helping the Talkie films to have a strong foothold in the first 3 years of the era itself. She also helped to bury the Silent films by 1934, without being a strong contender to Talkie films. Remember, Silent films did not die because it lost audience, but it died because there were no theatres left without a Talkie film sound system ! Every theatre wanted to run Kajjan’s films. She was one actress of the early era, who never worked in any silent film. She jumped from stage dramas onto the Talkie films as a leading lady !

Her first film was Madon Theatre, Calcutta’s “Shirin Farhad”-1931. A little more luck to Madon’s and their Talkie “Shirin Farhad” would have been India’s First Talkie film. It was technically superior, having a solid content, good cast, good songs, costumes etc., it had started shooting earlier, but they missed the boat by few weeks and film “Älam Ara”- much inferior in quality and songs etc, took the honours !!

JAHAN ARA BEGUM KAJJAN was born in Patna, Bihar, on 15-2-1915, to mother Suggan bai and Nawab of Bhagalpur. Her mother was a famous singer from Lucknow. Kajjan belonged to a family of professional artistes, who carried the tag of tawaifs or courtesans. They were also invited by the princely courts and aristocracy to perform at their private mehfils. With their refined manners, they provided stimulating company to the male elite. An established code of conduct ruled out marriage in their profession but they were allowed to have a liaison with a chosen patron. Kajjan’s mother Suggan apparently had one such relationship with her father.

She grew up in Patna. She got lot of attention for her education. She was taught Urdu at home and her maternal grandfather Syed Hussain taught her English. She being very clever, soon became proficient in both languages. At the same time she learnt household chores also. She learnt music under the guidance of Ustad Husnu Khan of Patna. Singing was in her blood anyway. She was very beautiful. Her interest and expertise in languages developed her to become a Poetess and her poems in Urdu were published in Magazines, under her pen name ” Adaa”.

Because of her beauty and singing skills,she was invited to work on Urdu stage. Master Fida Hussain,who was a well known actor, singer, composer and director on Urdu stage had joined ‘Alfred Theatre co.’. It was owned by the Madons of Calcutta. Kajjan was taken in it and the troupe toured U.P. and M.P. During this period, Kajjan was romantically involved in Master Fida Hussain.

She used to appear on stage at the rate of Rs.250 per show per day. once when she was performing in Patna,one of the owners of Madon Theatres,Calcutta saw her and offered her roles in films. She immediately accepted it and went to Calcutta.

Silent film era was dominated by Parsee, Anglo-Indian and Jew girls,due to their white skin and open attitudes. Once the Talkie films started, they became useless as they did not know speaking in Hindi or singing. In such circumstances actresses like Kajjan got the opportunities. Her first film was ‘ Shirin Farhad’-1931. Paired with Master Nissar she sang 17 songs in this film. This pair became very popular. Her next film was ‘Indrasabha’ 1932,having a world record 71 songs in the film. Kajjan sang 29 songs in it. The film was based on the drama by Agha Hasan Amaanat.

In Calcutta Kajjan became very famous. She lived a rich and lavish life, mixing among the elite of Calcutta like Princes, Nawabs, High authorities, the mega rich etc. Her dresses and jewellery were talk of the women of the rich and the famous. She had instructed her designer to make only such sarees, which no one in India will ever wear! She was a regular invitee to even Viceroy’s parties.

She worked only with Madon Theatres. Brijlal Verma was the composer of Madon Theatres. It was a favourite quartet of Madon films, Brijlal’s music, Kajjan and Master Nissar. Together they ruled the early phase of Talkie films. Films like Shirin farhad-31,Laila Majnu-31, Shakuntala-31, Bilwamangal-32, Aankh ka nasha-33, Dhruva charitra-33, Turki sher-33, Zahreela saanp-33 had Kajjan songs by Brijlal Verma. During this period, she was the highest paid actress in India. Kajjan had a romantic affair with Brijlal Verma too. Kajjan also sang in Roopkumari-34, Sakhi lutera-34, Apradhi abla-35, and Mera Pyara-35 which had her songs.

Kajjan was a good dancer. She learnt Western dancing from Miss Ruqayya khatoon. She was among the regular dancers in Calcutta Clubs, along with actress Mahazabeen. Kajjan was friendly with westerners. She was fond of pets. For some time she had 2 tiger cubs as her pets and this became the talk of the town in Calcutta.

After Brijlal Verma, it was a rich financer, Seth Karnani,( he smelt horribly) who, just to impress Kajjan, bought the entire Madon Theatres for a sum of Rs. 24 lakhs in those days ! A very handsome actor of that era Najmul Hassan had a torrid affair with Kajjan. He is the same Najmul Hassan,who had eloped with Devika Rani – wife of Himanshu Rai, owner of Bombay Talkies, from Bombay to Calcutta. Devika Rani returned to her husband shortly, but he had to remain in Calcutta-for safety.

Kajjan worked in Gulru zarina, Swami bhakti, Alibaba aur chaalis chor and Jahan Ara also. By end of the 30’s, Madon Theatres closed down and Kajjan also stopped work for few years. No new films were coming and her money was depleting, so Kajjan shifted her base to Bombay.

In the early 40s, Kajjan worked in Abla shakti and Ghar sansar-42,Prarthana and Prithvi Vallabh-43 and her last film Bharthari-1944. The songs of Bharthari, composed by Khemchand Praksah also became very popular. Due to her sweet voice she was called ” The Lark of Indian Cinema”.

Jahan ara Kajjan died on 15-12-1945,at the age of only 30 years. 2 films,Jadui Putli-46 and Tiger Man-47 were released after her death.

During her lifetime she lived like a queen She became a Legend. She acted and sang in almost 40 films and sang about 80 songs, in her small career. During the period 1931 to 1937 there was a ” Kajjan Mania ” in India.Her styles and fashions were copied by the elite ladies.

(Credits and references- with thanks-
1.Stages of life:Indian Theatre Biographies-By Kathryn Hansen, 2. Kamalp.blogspot.in, 3.Dhunon ki yatra-Pankaj Raag, 4.The Big Indian picture.com
5. Fida Hussain’s autobiography 6. Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, 7. Asli Nakli chehere by Vithal Pandya and My own notes from diaries.)

For film Suhagan-42, MD Shanti Kumar Desai gave the music. Like actors, very few MDs survived from the early era to the modern era of the 80s and later. Except probably Anil Biswas, not many MDs from the 30s gave music in the period after 60s. Naushad and C Ramchandra were from early 40s. While CR ended in 70s, films of Naushad kept coming till 2005 (he died in 2006). But frankly, after few songlets of Pakiza-72, his music in later films was not even a shadow of his earlier charm. Shanti Kumar Desai was also from the 30s (Nav Bharat-34) but practically ended his music in 58 ( one delayed film released in 64).

He was born in Amreli, Saurashtra, Gujarat state on 3-3-1908. His family was in service as Royal Musicians, so he was exposed to music from childhood.He was an expert Harmonium player. To start his career, he came to Bombay and worked in H.M.V. as a Broadcaster. Here he came into contact with many composers and learnt how they operated and made tunes etc.

He was already giving music to Dramas, but wanted to join Film line as M.D. He got his first film Navbharat ( Jawanmard0-1934. In those days Gujarati producers and directors used to prefer Gujarati MDs. Thus out of his 36 films, 18 were done with Gujarati Directors like Sohrab Modi, Nanubhai Vakil, V.M.Vyas(4 films), Kanjibhai Rathod, Dhirubhai Desai etc. He also gave music to Gujarati films.

He gave music along with Madholal Master, Rafiq Ghaznavi, Pannalal Ghosh, Shyambabu Pthak etc. Famous singers like Rafi, Manna Dey, Zohrabai, Amirbai etc sang in his films during their early careers. Even Kishore Kumar’s early film Sati Vijay-48 had music by Shanti Kumar Desai. He gave music to films of early era actors like Prem Adib, Mehtab, Sitara Devi, Leela Chitnis, Jal Merchant, Ashraf Khan, Rajkumari, Mazhar khan, Shanta Hublikar, Jairaj, E Billimoria, Kumar, Sardar Akhtar, Chandramohan, Shobhana Samarth, Durga Khote, Shahu Modak and Sulochana.

From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to 38 films. In 1964 his one film (Tere dwar khada Bhagwan) was released. He composed 333 songs. He never got films from top banners like Bombay Talkies,Prabhat, Sagar or Minerva, otherwise his career would have been different.

He died on 6-1-1986. Some of his better known films were Bholi bhikaran-36, Punarjanma-38, Anjaam-40, Suhaagan-42, Naukar-43, Ek din ka sultan-45 and Lav Kush-51.

There is one odd name in the cast of this film- Hadi. His full name was S.M.Mohammad Hadi. He was also known as Master Hadi, due to his knowledge of Music and singing. In early Talkie films, he gave music to films, singly and with other composers and also sang songs. But mainly, he was an actor from the Silent era.

No wonder he was seen in some films of the First year of Talkie films of 1931, like Draupadi, in which he had played the role of Shakuni. he sang 3 songs also. He was seen in other films like Abu hasan-31, and Daulat ka Nasha-31( he was one of the MDs). His acting in saubhagya Sundari-33 and Sulochana -33 was much appreciated. He is estimated to have acted in about 40 films till 1947.
Her sang 21 songs in 9 films- Draupadi-31, Daulat ka nasha-31, Anangsena-31, Madhuri-32, Aaj Kal-34, Stree Dharma-35, Karvaan-E-Husn-35, Bombshell-35 and Birbal ki Beti-35.

So, here is a song by Kajjan. Compared to her songs of the 30’s, this song of Suhagan-42 is nothing much to write home about. May be she was at the end of her career. After 2 more films, she sang her last song in film Bhartruhari-44, which became quite popular.

With this song, film Suhagan-42 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Sewa dharm hamaara (Suhaagan)(1942) Singer- Jahanara Kajjan, Lyricist- M R Kapoor, MD- Shanti kumar Desai
Chorus

Lyrics

Sewa dharm hamaara
Sewa dharm hamaara
janm se sewak karm se sewak
janm se sewak karm se sewak
yahi hai karm hamaara aa aa
yahi hai karm hamaara aa aa
Sewa dharm hamaara
Sewa dharm hamaara

sabse oonchi pooja hai ye
sabse oonchi pooja hai ye
sabse oonchi bhakti
sabse oonchi bhakti
nirdhan ka sabse badhiya dhan
nirdhan ka sabse badhiya dhan
nirbal ki hai shakti ee ee
nirbal ki hai shakti ee ee
jeena to auron ki khaatir
jeena to auron ki khaatir
marna to auron ki khaatir
marna to auron ki khaatir
neki kar au(?) daal kuyen mein
neki kar au(?) daal kuyen mein
yahi moksh ka dwaara aa aa
yahi moksh ka dwaara aa aa
Sewa dharm hamaara
Sewa dharm hamaara

vrikshon par jo phal aate hain
auron hi ke kaam aate hain
khet jo kheti upjaate hain
gair hi usko kha jaate hain
ganga doodh na khud peeti hai
par sewa ka rann jeeti hai
baadal barsa laad ke laate
dharti ki wo pyaas bujhaate
sewa dharm hai nyaaraa aa aa
sewa dharm hai nyaaraa aa aa
Sewa dharm hamaara
Sewa dharm hamaara


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 15900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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