Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Hemant Kumar


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4368 Post No. : 15697 Movie Count :

4327

Hindi songs in Bangla Films – 33
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Music Directors, Ravi (Ravi Shankar Sharma) and Hemant Kumar (Hemant Mukherjee or Hemant Mukhopadhyay as he is known in Bangla films industry) had an interesting and collaborative partnership in the 1950s. As revealed in his multiple TV interviews, Ravi came to Mumbai in 1950 to become a playback singer. He started as a chorus singer and his first song as a chorus singer was for zara jhoom le jawaani ka zamaana in ‘Naujawaan’ (1951).

Hemant Kumar got his first Hindi film assignment as a music director in Filmistan’s ‘Anand Math’ (1952) in which Ravi got a chance as a chorus singer for the song vande maataram. Hemant Kumar seems to have found Ravi as a knowledgeable and resourceful person having good command over Hindi and Urdu, the latter being the weak points for Hemant Kumar. So, he appointed Ravi as his Music Assistant. What I have gathered from the TV interviews is that Ravi had become Hemant Kumar’s man Friday. Whenever Hemant Kumar found some ‘musical resources gap’, it was Ravi who would step in to fill the gaps – be as a musician, lyricist and singer and apprising him of the nuances of Hindi and Urdu words in lyrics.

One of the best collaborative efforts of Hemant Kumar with Ravi as his Assistant Music Director was in ‘Naagin’ (1954). All the songs of the films were super hit and Hemant Kumar won Filmfare’s Best Music Director’s Award for the film. In one of the film’s songs, Hemant Kumar did not want to use the Been as an instrument but he wanted the sound of the Been. Ravi came forward to compose the Been music on Harmonium which was played on Clavioline (a keyboard music instrument) by Kalyanji to produce Been like sound. The Been music was created on the tune of mera dil ye pukaare aaja and used in mann doley mera tann doley. The songs with Been music became so famous that HMV came out with a gramophone record covering only the Been music for which Ravi was given credit for composing the Been music.

Hemant Kumar was very much inspired by an East Bengal folk song ‘Allah megh de paani de chhaaya de tui’ which was made very popular by S D Burman when he sang this song in Jodhpur Music Festival held sometime in mid-1940s. Hemant Kumar wanted to use this folk tune in one of the songs of ‘Naagin’ (1954). But Ravi did not want the song to sound like folk tune. So, he played a variation of the mukhda tune on his harmonium based on the folk tune which Hemant Kumar liked and incorporated in the song chhod de patang meri chhod de. Only listeners of Hindi film songs with keen ears could have made out that this song was based on a folk song referred to above. At least, I can say for myself that I did not realise this fact until Ravi himself had revealed this in one of his TV interviews, despite the fact that I was aware of allah megh de paani de used in ‘Guide’ (1965) by S D Burman and I also knew that it was partially used in de de pyaar de pyaar de pyaar de re by Bappi Lahiri.

One more instance where Ravi came as a filler for Hemant Kumar’s muscian was on the day of the recording of the song na ye chaand hoga na taare rahenge for ‘Shart’ (1954). The musician playing the Clavioline did not turn up for recording. Since it was the main instrument to be used for prelude and interludes, Hemant Kumar decided to cancel the recording. But Ravi stepped in and offer to play the Clavioline. Thus, the song recording was completed as per schedule with Ravi playing the Clavioline.

During his association with Hemant Kumar, Ravi also stepped in as one-song lyricist in ‘Bandish’ (1955), ‘Arab Ka Saudagar’ (1956), Hamaara Watan’ (1956) and ‘Bandi’ (1957). Ravi as an Assistant Music Director also sang under Hemant Kumar in ‘Daaku Ki Ladki’ (1954), ‘Bahu’ (1955), ‘Lagan’ (1955), ‘Arab Ka Saudagar’ (1956), ‘Laalten’ (1956) and ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’ (1957).

Ravi worked with Hemant Kumar as Assistant Music Director in 22 films during 1954-57 which included ‘Shart’ (1954), ‘Jaagriti’ (1954), ‘Naagin’ (1954), ‘Bahu’ (1955), ‘Bandish’ (1955), ‘Inspector’ (1956), ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (1956), ‘Durgesh Nadini’ (1956), ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’ (1957), ‘Ek Jhalak’ (1957), ‘Champakali’ (1957) etc. During this period, Ravi also got assignments as an independent music director in ‘Vachan’ (1955). ‘Albeli’ (1955), ‘Prabhu Ki Maya’ (1955), ‘Ayodhyapati’ (1956), ‘Ek Saal’ (1957) and ‘Narsi Bhagat’ (1957).

The association of Hemant Kumar and Ravi ended sometime in 1957, when the former advised Ravi to look for independent assignments as a music director. Hemant Kumar he felt that working with him as Assistant Music Director for a long time would restrict his musical career. Though Ravi was not keen to leave his association with Hemant Kumar, he saw logic in his mentor’s advice and parted his fruitful association with him. However, Ravi did not have to struggle to get his independent assignments as three of the production banners – Devendra Goel, S D Narang and Nadiadwala with whom he had worked as Assistant Music Director for Hemant Kumar, engaged him as music director for their films. After the success of his music in ‘Chaudhvin Ka Chaand’ (1960), Ravi never looked back in his musical journey. Before and after parting of their association, as per my counting, Hemant Kumar sang least 22 songs under the music direction of Ravi.

Hemant Kumar and Ravi also collaborated in a Bangla movie, ‘Shesh Parichaya’ (1957), where Ravi was associated as a lyricist for two Hindi songs in the film. These two songs are ‘chal aisi jagah ae dil’ and ‘jhoom jhoom kar gaa le’, both rendered by Lata Mangeshkar. Unfortunately, the film is not available for viewing online on any of the video sharing platforms. I do not have any idea about the story of the film. Whether the film ‘Shesh Parichaya’ (1957) has any connection with a novella of the same title written by Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay is difficult to guess. The only available information on-line is that the film was directed by Sushil Majumdar and Basanta Chaudhury, Sabitri Chatterjee and Chhabi Biswas acted in the film. Hemant Kumar was the music director.

I am presenting first of the two Hindi songs from “Shesh Paricay”, viz. ‘chal aisi jagah le chal’ sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The song reminds me of chali jaa chali jaa chali jaa from ‘Ham Log’ (1951).

Audio Clip:

Song-Chal aisi jagah ae dil (Shesh Parichay)((Bangla)(1957) Singer-Lata, Ravi, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

chal aisi jagah ae dil
jahaan zulm-o-sitam na ho
jahaan chain miley tujhko
chal aisi jagah ae dil
jahaan zulm-o-sitam na ho
jahaan chain miley tujhko
chal aisi jagah ae dil

bedard hai zamaana
tera saath kaun dega
tere gham ki daastaan ko…o
koi nahin sunega
bedard hai zamaana
tera saath kaun dega
tere gham ki daastaan ko..o
koi nahin sunega
seene mein daba le tu
iss gham ke fasaane ko
kehna na zamaane ko
chal aisi jagah ae dil

duniya ne aaj tujhse
badlin hai jab nighaahen
tu bhi zara badal de ae
ye zindagi ki raahen
duniya ne aaj tujhse
badlin hain jab nighaahen
tu bhi zara badal de ae
ye zindagi ki raahen
taqdeer bani dushman
jab tere mitaane ko
ghar tera jalaane ko
chal aisi jagah ae dil
jahaan zulm-o-sitam na ho
jahaan chain miley tujhko
chal aisi jagah ae dil


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4361 Post No. : 15684

Today’s song, rather a beautiful Bhajan, is from the film Bhagwat Mahima-55. Earlier 3 songs/Bhajans of this film are discussed here, so it will be the 4th Bhajan from this film to appear here.

The film was made by Filmistan. It was directed by a veteran All-rounder Vithaldas Panchotiya and the music was composed by Hemant kumar- who was famous for creating Bhajans in films.

Hemant Kumar’s associaton with Filmistan started with the film Anand math-52. Director Hemen Gupta recommended his name to S.Mukherjee at that time. Having heard Hemant’s name for his Bangla songs, Mukherjee accepted his name. Earlier C Ramchandra had left Filmistan during the making of film Shabistan-51, due to the interference of his old tormentor Bibhuti Mitra, the film Director.(He was called for the film Anarkali again, after Basant Prakash had left halfway).

Hemant did many films for Filmistan like Shart-54, Samrat-54,Nagin-54, Jagriti-54, Bhagwat Mahima-55 and Durgesh nandini-56. When Hemant was asked to make music for the film Nagin, an interesting event happened. S.Mukherjee had never worked with Master Bhagwan, but he had immense faith in Bhagwan’s Music sense. Most times Mukherjee used to ask Bhagwan’s advice on song tunes of his films. One day, C Ramchandra hosted a party at his bungalow-Sai prasad, Dadar, to celebrate Silver jubilee of film Albela. When the party was in full swing, on the IIIrd floor terrace, Mukherjee called Bhagwan aside and asked him to come with him to the ground floor. Bhagwan was surprised, but without questioning, he accompanied him to the ground floor. There he saw a young man with a Harmonium. Mukherjee said,” Dada, listen to these tunes and give me your opinion.” Then he turned to that young bespectacled man and asked him to play his song tunes. After listening to the tunes, Bhagwan looked excited and said,” My God, kya superb tunes hai ye. Sab gaane hit honge”. That was Hemant Kumar with Nagin Tunes ! Needless to say that Mukherjee passed all tunes.

The decade of 1950s, besides being a part of the “Golden Era” of Hindi film music, also was a very favourable period for Religious films. This was a decade in which maximum number of Mythological/Religious films were made – a record number of 124 films in 10 years’ time. This gave an unprecedented average of One film every month for 10 years at a stretch ! This was a period when joint families still existed and there were many senior citizens in almost every family-who were keen on seeing religious films. The TV had not yet arrived and stage dramas were relegated to the second place in entertainment for families.

During the 1960s and the 1970s, the number of Religious films dwindled, as a variety of topics were handled by films – including the New Wave films, which focused on different issues of the Middle class Indians.

Film Bhagwat Mahima-55 was based on Bhagwat Puran stories. Out of all the 18 Puranas of Hindu religion, Bhagwat Puran is the most popular and most read scripture. It contains 18000 Shlokas in 12 Cantos or Chapters and has stories about Lord Shri Krishna and his devotees. Bhagwat puran has 3 main sections, which emphasize about 1) Bhakti Yog or the Spiritual path to God, 2) Dnyaan Yog or the Wisdom Path and 3) (Nishkaam) Karm Yog or the Virtuous Action Path (without expecting fruits thereof). The entire Puran is about Krishna from his birth to his exit from this world and stories about events and people connected with him throughout his Mortal life.

Hemant Kumar (16-6-1920 to 26-9-1989) excelled in religious films, with his melodious music,often sung in his own voice. Looking at his career statistics, he was more successful as a Singer in Hindi films than as a Music Director. He sang 320 songs in 173 films, while he gave music to only 55 films, composing 423 songs, in his career. I simply love his songs, especially his duets with Lata and Geeta Dutt.

When he first came to Bombay in 1951 to score music for film Anand Math-52, he had a problem with Hindi language pronunciations. As a professional, it is to his credit that he tried hard and successfully corrected his Hindi, while retaining the characteristic Bangla sweetness in his voice. Lata had once said,” when Hemant Kumar sings, you feel a Sadhu is singing !”. Hemant Kumar usually wore a Dhoti and Kurta. His voice was typically different and by nature he was a thorough Gentleman.

The director of this film was Vithaldas Panchotiya. Except those readers, who have a knowledge of early era Hindi films, it is unlikely that other readers might have even heard this name. In the early era, when the studio system was firmly established, the artistes employed by the studio had no specific duties. Anybody and everybody had to do what was needed by the company. Due to this many capable artistes became all rounders in film making.

Vithaldas Panchotiya was certainly one such person. He has been a Producer, Director, story writer, dialogue writer, screenplay writer, lyricist, Singer, Music Director and God knows what else !

Born in October 1906 in Vadnagar in Gujarat, he followed his father’s footsteps. His father worked in stage dramas and toured with the drama company. From the age of 8 years Vithaldas started acting in dramas. Later he joined Calcutta’s Alfred Drama company, owned by Madon Theatres Limited. He worked on a salary of Rs. 35 pm. While working in dramas, he established his own Gujarat Film company and produced 12 silent films in 10 years. Vithaldas first acted in silent film ‘ Dhruv charitra’-1921. He learnt dance and music too. He acted , directed, sang songs and gave music also. He acted in Talkie film ” Muflis Ashiqe”-1932, claimed to be India’s first comedy film. He acted, sang and composed music for this film.

Being a staunch Gandhian, he used to participate in rallies etc. Some of his films were Hindustan-32, Insaf ki Tope-34, Gaibi Gola-35 ( he was the writer and the director too.He gave a break to Baby Noorjahan in this film.), Khudai Khidamadgar-37 aka Garib ki Tope, Takdir ki Tope-38 etc . As per one source, he acted in 35 films, directed 10 talkie films, sang 8 songs, gave music to 1 film and wrote Lyrics to 2 films. Additionally story, dialogues and screenplay writing were also done by him. Some of his films were, Shaikh chilli-37, Khush naseeb-46, Prabhu ki maya-55, Ghar ki numaish-49, Karmaveer-38, Raman-54, Jagriti-54, Hum sab chor hain-56, Basant 60, Bhagvat mahima etc.

I find it very difficult to know exactly how many films he did in various capacities in the 1930s, as there are conflicting claims by him and Master Fida Hussain. In a few cases the details in HFGK and what he claims, gets contradicted. Some of his films in the 40s are Ramanuj-43, Giribala-47, Grihalaxmi-48, Ghar ki Numaish-48 ( released only in 1962, with the title ‘ Jai ho muhabbat ki ‘ )

Thanks to information and statistical data provided by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat, we know that his Filmography consists of a total 11+ 26 films. The break up is-

11 silent films
25 Talkie films as Actor and 1 film as a writer only.
9 films as a Director
2 films as Lyricist and
2 films as Music Director
As per Muvyz data, he sang 37 songs in 8 films.

from 1951 to 1960, he did 13 films- mostly ( 9) for Filmistan. He directed 2 of them. After 1960 his work was reduced. The death of his 3 sons broke him emotionally. As a true Gandhian, it was his dream to make a film- Gandhi Sangram- on mahatma Gandhi. He had done all the spade work and the Muhurat of shooting was also done on 2-10-1987, The Government had promised finance. Even Rajiv Gandhi promised him that. However nothing came to him and he died on 30-10-1996, with his dream unfulfilled.

His daughter Shradha used to work in Gujarati films. She too died in a Train accident in 2000. Her daughter Deepshikha is an actress.

The story of the film Bhagwat Mahima-55 is……

Nagar Seth, a rich man living in one of the gayest cities of India, had everything he wanted in life with one exception. And that was his having no children. His wife, Shanta, consoled him by saying that it was better not to have a child rather than have one who would ruin the fair name of the family by his mis-deeds. She narrated to her husband the story of Sukhram who served his son for three generations in the forms of a bull, a dog and a serpent, even though he could have gone to heaven without doing this service. His son, however, ill-treated the father throughout. Anyway, the story failed to impress Nagar Seth.

One day Shri Jagat Guru Shankaracharya happened to pass through the town. Shanta, who was a disciple of his, requested him to console her husband. In doing so, Shankaracharya narrated a story from the Immortal Classic, Shrimad Bhagvat, wherein Atmadev, also placed in similar circumstances, prayed for a child. Doing penance, Atmadev had `darshan of Narad Muni who gave him a fruit saying that his wife would beget a noble son if she ate the fruit. . Atmadevs wife had no faith in miracles and, on the advice of her sister, Ganga, gave the fruit to her cow.
Ganga, who was expecting a baby, offered her child to Dhundhuli (Atmadevs wife) for some consideration. Thus, Atmadev was made to believe that Ganga’s child was his own. He was named Dhundhukari.

At the same time, the cow which had eaten the fruit, also gave birth to a son who was human in every feature except his ears which were shaped like cows. This boy was also brought up by Atmadev and named “Gokarn”.

Both the boys grew up together and, in due course, became young men. Gokarn, who led a pious and righteous life, became a learned and famous man. Dhundhukari, on the other hand, grew up in bad ways and became the terror of the town. . One day, Dhundhukaris real father, i.e.Ganga’s husband, told Atmadev about his son’s real identity. This so much upset Atmadev that he went away into the forest. There, later, he lost his life.

Champa, a helpless girl and one of the many victims of Dhundhukari, conspired with some of her friends and killed Dhundhukari. Because of his manifold sins, he then became a wandering ghost. . Gokarn, who had now become a Mahatma, was at Gaya offering `Pind Dan to his deceased father when he learned about Dhundhukari’s fate. To relieve him of his ghostly existence, Gokarn offered `Pind Dan not once, but 108 times. Still, he was not successful. He then offered prayers to Suryadev on the advice of learned pandits. Suryadev, pleased with the prayers, blessed Gokarn and asked him to recite Shrimad Bhagvat for the salvation of Dhundhukari’s ghost.

Today’s Bhajan is sung by Hemant Kumar. It is a very good Bhajan rendered equally nicely by Hemant Kumar. I like it very much. You too will.


Song-Digant Nath devta anant roop sohta (Bhagwat Mahima)(1955) Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist-Sarswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

om Japakusuma Samkaasham Kashyapeyam Mahadhyuthim
?? Tamorim Sarva Paapaghnam Pranathosmi Divakaram

Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata

kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
kripaalu Ravi kripa karo
dayaalu Ravi daya karo
mahaan ye ?? tu
ke tum karo ??te
Digant Nath devata

suna rahe digant ke
anant ?? bhairavi
saja rahe ho tum nishaan
vishw bhar ki aarti
dukhon se ?? mukti do
ubaarne ki yukti do
sabhi ke paap taap ko
prabhu tumhi sanwaarte
Digant Nath devata
anant roop sohta
tamas kiran anek se
?? vishw paalate
Digant Nath devata
Digant Nath devata aa aa
Digant Nath devata aa aa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4357 Post No. : 15679 Movie Count :

4320

Hindi Songs in Bangla Film – 31
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In Balochistan province of Pakistan, there is a well-known Hindu temple, Hinglaj Mata Temple locally known as Nani Ka Mandir. This temple is regarded as one of the 51 Shaktipeeths and is revered by Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims from Balochistan and Sindh especially the Zikri Balochs who are also the patrons of the temple. The temple is located at the banks of River Hinglaj with a rock carved deity in a cave. This temple is ‘kul devta’ (family deity) of many Hindu khatri families of Sindh, Balochistan and also of some of those residing in India and abroad.

In olden times, visiting the temple involved a trek of around 250 kms from Karachi through the hot deserts and hilly terrains. Now, there is a road from Karachi which takes about 4 hours to reach the temple. In the bi-annual pilgrimage which takes place during Navratris in the months of April and October, thousands of pilgrim marches on foot to Hinglaj Mata Temple. On the way, pilgrims spend a night at Chandrakoop (Moon Well), a shrine of volcanic mud-filled well. It is believed that if pilgrims confess the sins committed by them during their life time while offering prayer at Chandrakoop, they become free from the sins.

Kalikananda Abadhut, a Bengali monk, wrote a travelogue of his pilgrimage to what he calls ‘Marutirtha Hinglaj’ (‘Desert Pilgrimage of Hinglaj’). Probably, he may have gone on pilgrimage before the partition. Based on this travelogue, Bikash Roy, the producer-director-actor, made a Bangla film with the same title which was released in 1959. The star cast included Bikash Roy as an Ascetic leading a group of pilgrims to Hinglaj Mata temple. Uttam Kumar and Sabitri Chatterjee, who later join the pilgrimage unintentionally, performed the role of a husband and a wife. Other actors included Anil Chatterjee, Pahari Sanyal, Chandrabati Devi, Sandhya Devi etc. The film was shot in Digha  in East Mednipur district of West Bengal whose topography closely matches to that of Hinglaj.

On the recommendation from Pradeep ji (Dr. Pradeep Kumar Shetty) who also pointed out that there was a Hindi song in the film, I watched the film with English sub-titles on a video sharing platform. The story of the film is as under:

Abadhut, an ascetic (Bikash Roy) is leading a group of pilgrims to Hinglaj Mata temple located in Balochistan. He is assisted by Popatlal (Pahadi Sanyal), Rooplal (Anil Chatterjee) and Bhairabi (Chandrabati Devi). There is also a priest who is conscious of traditions and caste system and expects everyone to follow strictly.

Before the departure from Karachi, Abadhut cautions the pilgrims that it is a long and arduous journey for days involving walking through hot desert sands and hilly tracks. The food is meagre and pilgrims will have to spend nights without any shelters. Since the water is scarce in the desert, Abadhut advises pilgrims not to share their water with others. All the pilgrims during the journey are to behave as ascetic and worked selflessly for other pilgrims when they are in need of assistance.

Abadhut also tells the story and significance of pilgrimage to Hinglaj Mata temple. When Lord Vishnu scattered the body of Sati all over the Indian sub-continent, the head fell on Hinglaj and thus became the holiest place among the 51 Shaktipeeths. Whoever has committed the sins, they can visit Hinglaj Mata temple only after confessing the sins at Chandrakoop, a volcanic shrine, located on the way to Hinglaj temple. Lord Ram is said to have visited Hinglaj to wash off the sin committed by him by killing Ravan.

While Abadhut is giving guidance to the pilgrims, there is a couple who have taken shelter at pilgrims’ base camp. They are Thirumal (Uttam Kumar) and Kunti (Sabitri Chatterjee). Kunti, a daughter of a wealthy merchant is already married but her husband has been missing for the last two years. She takes the help of Thirumal, a fake astrologer for finding her husband. During their meetings, they become close to each other. One day, Kunti runs away with Thirumal and they get married at the temple. But the society refuses to accept their marriage as her first husband is supposed to be alive though missing and both of them belong to different caste. After failing to find shelter, they are on the run and finally they take refuge in Karachi base camp of pilgrims.

Kunti suggests Thirumal to let follow the pilgrims so that at least for some days, they are safe. But Thirumal refuses. However, in the night a person tries to molest Kunti. Next morning, Thirumal agrees to be the part of the pilgrims. But by the time, pilgrims caravan has already left. Both try to catch up with the pilgrims but they have gone too far and taken a shelter during noon to avoid the harsh sun. Abadhut notices that a couple are walking towards him from quite a distance and then suddenly they fall on the sand. He sends his other pilgrims to look for them. They are brought to the pilgrims’ shelter in unconscious state. After few hours, they regain consciousness. Thirumal tells his story as to how he has grown up in Kolkata as an orphan and did all sorts of illegal work including stealing and how he met Kunti and got married. While catching up with the pilgrims, on the way, they were waylaid by dacoits and Kunti was raped.

After hearing the story, some pilgrims do not want Thirumal and Kunti as part of pilgrimage as they have committed the sins. After the incident, Kunti also feels that she is the sinner for loving Thirumal and a disgraceful woman because of which they are facing all sorts of problems in their life. So, she turns ascetics cutting off her relations with Thirumal who is devastated. He exhibits bouts of insanity. However, despite the murmur of protests from pilgrims, Abadhut takes care of both of them by postponing the journey by one day.

Next day, pilgrims start a long day’s journey. On the way, some pilgrims get dehydrated and are taken care by other pilgrims. But the priest is not able to walk. So Thirumal takes him on his back and walks towards the destination which is Chandrakoop. However, Thirumal suddenly feels suffocated as he is not able to remove the hands of the priest around his neck. He collapses unconscious. It transpires that the priest had already died on the way and Thirumala was carrying his corpse on his back  This event results in Thirumal getting once again the bout of madness. He leaves the caravan and walk aimlessly. In no time, he is found missing. Other pilgrims have no strength to search for him. They think that Thirumal would eventually return.

Finally, pilgrims reach Chandrakoop. After the bath, they visit the shrine of volcanic mud well to offer prayer and also to make the confession of their sins. If the confession is true, the muddy water in Chandrakup continues to boil. Otherwise it stops boiling. While Kunti is about to make her confession, she sees Thirumal on the opposite side on the top of a hillock. But in the streak of madness, Thirumal jumps in the boiling muddy water of Chandrakoop and gets submerged, never to return.

The journey continues to Hinglaj Mata temple and pilgrims complete the prayers. They are now on the return journey. However, Abadhut, Bhairabi and Kunti takes a detour and in the process, they lose direction. The long walk makes them dehydrated and fall on the sand unconscious. Some of the pilgrims rescue them but not Kunti who after regaining consciousness, had already proceeded towards Chandrakoop and jumped into the boiling mud well to join her husband, Thirumal. The bond which was cursed during their life time has become divine with their death.

The director has nicely attempted to make the pilgrims’ journey to run along with moral journey. The pilgrims’ group is a mix of all classes and caste but a priest in the group laments that pilgrims have forgotten the traditions and customs. He does not like to be touched by other pilgrims. He is uncomfortable with Abadhut drinking tea with local tribals. But when the priest gets dehydrated and requires to be carried, it is Thirumal, a sinner according to the priest, who carries him on his shoulder. It is the irony that the priest who is the strong follower of the traditions and religious customs, upon his death,  his last rites is carried out  in the desert without any religious ceremony.

There are few among the pilgrims who are of the opinion that it is a sin to allow Thirumal and Kunti to accompany them in the pilgrimage as they are the sinners. It is once again Abadhut who makes them understand that they need to weigh between sin and compassion. Otherwise abandoning both of them in the desert would tantamount to abetment of their death which is a sin. Lastly, those who are branding them as sinners have also committed the sins. Otherwise why they should visit Chandrakoop to confess their sins to get them washed off. And a confession made by one of the assistants, Popatlal is the worst kind as it related to infanticide.

The film makes us to ponder what is sin and what is virtuous. Perhaps, the answer lies in two lines of Sahir Ludhianvi in a song from ‘Chitralekha’ (1964):

ye paap hai kya ye punya hai kya
reeton par dharm ki moharen hain

‘Marutirtha Hinglaj’ (1959) has three non-Bangla songs of which two are vedic chants in Sanskrit. The third song is a Naat, “Tu Nishaan-e-Benishaan Hai” sung by Shankar-Shambhu Qawwaal and chorus. Lyrics writer is not known. Perhaps it may have been mentioned in the credit titles of the film which is displayed only in Bengali. The Naat is set to music by Hemant Kumar.

The situation of the song is that when the pilgrims take the halt for the day, Abadhut notices a bulky man coming from the opposite direction. He is Khan Sahab who has come to invite the pilgrims to his place where they can rest in shades and also have the advantage of having a well. He also invite pilgrims  to  join his group for the prayer in praise of the Almighty.

Video

Audio

Song – Tu Nishaan e Benishaan Hai (Marutirath Hinglaj) (1959) Singer – Shankar Shambhu Qawwaal, Lyrics – [Unknown], MD – Hemant Kumar
Chorus

Lyrics

ae ae ae
aa aa aa
tu nishaan-e-benishaan hai
tu bahaare-e-sarmadi hai. . .
tera dekhna ibaadat
ibaadat
tera dekhna ibaadat
teri yaad zindagi hai..
tera dekhna ibaadat
aa aa aa aa
teri yaad zindagi hai
aa aa aa aa
tera dekhna ibaadat
 
aa aa aa aa
ye sahi hai pur khata hoon
magar hoon to tera banda aa
ye sahi hai pur khata hoon
magar hoon to tera banda aa
tu agar mujhe nibha le
nibha le
tu agar mujhe nibha le..
teri banda parwari hai..
tu agar mujhe nibha le
aa aa aa aa
teri banda parwari hai
(aa aa aa aa)
tu agar mujhe nibha le
 
aa aa aa
mera daaman-e-gadaai
tere aage kyun na phaile ae
tera mulk do jahaan hain
tere ghar mein kya kami hai. . .
tera mulk do jahaan hai
tere ghar mein kya kami hai. . .
aa aa aa aa
tera mulk jo jahaan hai
 
tere dar pe sajde karna
ho karna
tere dar pe sajde karna
tujhe yaad kar ke rona aa
yehi hai namaaz meri
ho meri
yehi hai namaaz meri
yehi meri bandagi hai..
ye hi hai namaaz meri
aa aa aa aa
yehi meri bandagi hai..
aa aa aa aa
yehi hai namaaz meri
meri ee. . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ए ए ए
आ आ आ
तू निशान ए बेनिशां है
तू बहार ए सरमदी है॰ ॰ ॰
तेरा देखना इबादत
इबादत
तेरा देखना इबादत
तेरी याद ज़िंदगी है॰॰
तेरा देखना इबादत
आ आ आ आ
तेरी याद ज़िंदगी है
आ आ आ आ
तेरा देखना इबादत
आ आ आ आ

ये सही है पुर ख़ता हूँ
मगर हूँ तो तेरा बंदा आ
ये सही है पुर ख़ता हूँ
मगर हूँ तो तेरा बंदा आ
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले॰॰
तेरी बंदा परवरी है
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले
आ आ आ आ
तेरी बंदा परवरी है
आ आ आ आ
तू अगर मुझे निभा ले

आ आ आ
मेरा दामन ए गदाई
तेरे आगे क्यों ना फैले
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है
तेरे घर में क्या कमी है॰ ॰ ॰
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है
तेरे घर में क्या कमी है॰ ॰ ॰
आ आ आ
तेरा मुल्क दो जहां है

तेरे दर पे सजदे करना
हो करना
तेरे दर पे सजदे करना
तुझे याद करके रोना आ
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
हो मेरी
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
यही मेरी बंदगी है॰॰
यही है नमाज़ मेरी
आ आ आ आ
यही मेरी बंदगी है॰॰
आ आ आ आ
यही है नमाज़
मेरी॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4352 Post No. : 15667

A voice that sounds quite mature, dripping with heavy bass – a baritone that appeared to emerge from somewhere deep inside. Playing this sound on the songs like “Zindagi Pyaar Ki Do Chaar Ghadi Hoti Hai”, or “Lele Dard Paraaya Kar De Door Gham Ka Saaya”, or “Jaane Wo Kaise Log The Jinke Pyaar Ko Pyaar Mila”, “Ganga Aaye Kahaan Se. . .”, and many more of this ilk, sounds so natural and, well, so suitable. The deep bass gets to the perfect tone of poignancy that is needed for these songs.

And yet Sachin Da would choose this voice to present the best of the romance-of-the-young-heart songs, when way back in 1952, he recorded “Ye Raat Ye Chandni Phir Kahaan” for a young guitar strumming conman on screen. He would return to this voice again and again, for the same effect. Fast forward to 1955 and he brings on the same voice for a soft romantic song of the night – “Chup Hai Dharti Chup Hain Chaand Sitaare”. Then in 1958, he would once again return to the same voice for the thumping lyrical “Hai Apna Dil To Awaara”, that astoundingly carried the day as the playback. And then in 1962 would be “Na Tum Hamen Jaano. . .“. All four songs – lip synced by Dev Anand onscreen. Only Sachin Da could have visualized the effect of this voice on these romantic creations. And of course, the voice itself, to be able to bring in that young heart effect into the life breath of these songs.

The effect is so endearingly replicated in other songs like “Keh Rahi Hai Zindagi, Jee Sakey To Jee”, and “Beqaraar Kar Ke Hamen Yun Na Jaaiye”, and “Ye Nayan Darey Darey”, or even in “Ek Baar Zara Phir Keh Do Mujhe Sharma Ke Tum Deewaana”, and many more.

Celebrating the birth centennial (on 16 June, 2020) of this magical voice – Hemant Kumar.

This song is from the lesser known film – ‘Raami Dhoban’ from 1953. The film is produced by Ramesh Vyas for the banner Navkala Niketan, Bombay. The film is directed by Hiren Bose, who is also the music director. The star cast of this film is Kamini Kaushal, Abhi Bhattacharya, Tiwari, Ashita, Ramesh Vyas, Shalini, Bannerjee, Mishra, Sankatha Prasad, Rai Mohan, Gautam, Sachin Ghosh, Nandini, Sona Chatterji, Uma Devi, Sulochana Chatterjee, and Prem Adeeb.

The film is a veritable musical, with as many as 14 songs, all written by Ram Murty. Five over these songs are already featured on our blog.

This song is such a beautiful rendition of a sad song of love – “Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke”. I pulled out and heard this beautiful solo song for the first time today. The words tell of a beloved that stole the heart, and has now left, leaving behind loneliness and a broken heart. The words are lovely, and so is the rendition. A vintage Hemant Da song.

Song – Panchhi Ud Gaya Preet Laga Ke  (Raami Dhoban) (1953) Singer – Hemant Kumar, Lyrics – Ram Murti, MD – Hiren Bose

Lyrics

panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
sapnon ki
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
sapnon ki..ee..ee
sapnon ki sukh sajia ke bairi piir basa ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
mann ke pinjra chori chori
bandh ke raakhi prem ki dori
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
chhod gaya..aa
chhod gaya haaye mohe dard bhara geet suna ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

shaam rang kuchh kaam na aaya
radhe radhe..ey..ey
bol chuka
par bedardi raha na apna
apna ho kar hua paraaya
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
tod gaya wo prem ki dori
chhod gaya wo nagri mori
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
haaye chhalia
haaye chhalia mujhse munh mod gaya tthes laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa
panchhi udd gaya preet laga ke
panchhi udd gaya..aa..aa

———————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
सपनों की
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
सपनों की॰॰ई॰॰ई
सपनों की सुख सजिया के बैरी पीर बसा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
मन के पिंजरा चोरी चोरी
बांध के राखी प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
छोड़ गया॰॰आ
छोड़ गया हाय मोहे दर्द भरा गीत सुना के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ

शाम रंग कुछ काम ना आया
राधे राधे॰॰ए॰॰ए
बोल चुका
पर बेदर्दी रहा ना अपना
अपना होकर हुआ पराया
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
तोड़ गया वो प्रेम की डोरी
छोड़ गया वो नागरी मोरी
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
हाय छलिया
हाय छलिया मुझसे मुंह मोड़ गया ठेस लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ
पंछी उड़ गया प्रीत लगा के
पंछी उड़ गया॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4351 Post No. : 15664

Hullo Atuldom

Often when I read the title of some posts i.e. the name of the song associated with the post, I recollect some other song, may be of a different era. This has happened a number of times. Same goes with movie titles too. There are many movie titles that have been repeated over the years and our in-house encyclopedia, Sudhirji and Atulji have written a few posts regarding the same i.e. about titles that have been repeated.

As I was preparing this post I just googled the title “Bandhan” and I found it has been used about 17 times in TV and movie productions language and country no-bar – found a movie by this title in Bangladeshi cinema too (referred imdb.com). Looks like this is a favorite title of Bengali producers who make entertainment material- there is a drama too with the title “Bandhan” (got this too from imdb.com). Of course we do have movies which have words preceding or following “Bandhan” in their titles- “Bandhan Kachche Dhaagon ka”, “Prem Bandhan”, “Bandhan Anjana” etc etc.

But let us concentrate on Hindi movies. We have four movies with the title “Bandhan” in 1940, 1956, 1969 & 1998.

“Bandhan” (1940) had Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis in the lead, was directed by N.R. Acharya and was a Bombay Talkies production. It had music by Saraswati Devi and Ramchandra Pal. It had 11 songs 7 by Saraswati Devi and 4 by Ramchandra Pal and all the songs are posted on the blog.

“Bandhan” (1956) was directed by Hemchandra Chunder (info from imdb.com), produced by D.K. Sarkar, had Pradeep Kumar- Meena Kumari- Motilal playing main characters and had music by Hemant Kumar. The blog has 2 out of its 7 songs.

“Bandhan” (1969) directed by Narendra Bedi and produced by G.P.Sippy had Rajesh Khanna- Mumtaz- Anju Mahendroo and had music by Kalyanji Anandji. This movie had 5 songs and 4 are on the blog. Sanjeev Kumar had a special appearance in this “Bandhan”.

All these movies are present on the blog. “Bandhan” (1998) directed by K. Muralimohan Rao had Jackie Shroff- Salman Khan- Ashwini Bhave- Rambha and was produced by Narendra Bajaj. Anand raj Anand and Himesh Reshammiya were the music directors. This movie is yet to debut on the blog and it has some good songs.

16th June 2020 is the 100th birthdate of the legendary music director Hemant Kumar Mukherjee. He was born in Varanasi in the house of his maternal grandfather who was a physician. He is said to have grownup in the Bhawanipore area of Calcutta. His first recorded song was in 1935 for All India Radio. His first disc (non-film) was for the Columbia label in 1937 and the 1941 released Bengali film “Nimai Sanyas” had his first film song. His first Hindi film song was under Pt. Amarnath’s music direction in the 1944 release “Iraada”. Hemantda (as he was addressed affectionately) was one of the foremost exponents of Rabindra Sangeet. His first as a music director was the 1947 release “Abhiyatri” in Bengali. A detailed biography of Hemantda has been done by the stalwarts of the blog in a few posts in the past and I am not an authority on Hemantda.

The statistics page of the blog tells me that Hemantda has given music in 55 Hindi movies with a total of 417 songs of these the blog has 290 songs; also he has sung 322 songs of which the blog has 204 song. That means we have covered 50% of Hemantda as music director and about 75% as singer on the blog.

Today on his birth centenary we shall have one more which has been sung by him too. He also happens to be the music director. The song is written by Rajinder Krishan. On screen it is performed by Pradeep Kumar who is going around preaching that it is ‘good to be human’ and follow the ‘jiyo aur jeene do’ policy. He is accompanied by Asit Sen who is in awe. I don’t know if I am the only one who feels this- Hemant Kumar’s voice was tailor-made for Pradeep Kumar.

Remembering Hemant Kumar on his birth centenary.


Song-Jo milna hai Bhagwaan se (Bandhan)(1956) Singer-Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae
toh mil pehle insaan se ae
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae

jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
jhoothhe bhed ke bandhan
aur yeh oonch neech ki deewaarein
prabhu se kaise milne dengi
tujhe beech ki deewaarein
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
toone khud mushkil kar daale
yeh raste aasaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se

laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
laakh chatur tu bane magar
woh sabse bada sayaana hai
apna aap chhupaa kar
bunta jag ka taana baana hai
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
chaturaai na bhaaye usey
woh pyaar kare anjaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagawan se

uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
uska hona hai jo tujhko
bandon ka tu ho ja
apna aap mita de moorakh
aur usi mein kho ja
neecha kar woh kaam nikaale
jo nikle na maan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se
toh mil pehle insaan se
kaise darshan dega maalik
bin poochhe darbaan se
jo milna hai bhagwaan se ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4311 Post No. : 15588

Today (7 may 2020) is the 159th birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore (7 May 1861- 7 August 1941).

Everyone knows a lot about Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. He was not just a Nobel Prize winning poet, his acccomplishments, achievements and influence go much more farther than that. Curiously, his influence on our life is often subtle and goes unnoticed. But it is very much there.

He has influenced Indian movies, including Hindi movies as well. He was in fact the person writing the national anthem of India (and subsequently Bangladesh as well). The national anthem of India was already included in a Hindi movie called “Hamraahi”(1945) beore it could become national anthem. So, Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore got credited as a lyricist and music director in this Hindi movie posthumously, but before India could achieve her independence.

Rabindranath Tagore created a modern genre of Bangla music that took elements of Western music (western instruments, western notations etc) and combined it with the traditional folk music of Bangla. This fusion is today known as Rabindrasangeet. He himself created about 2000 songs based on Rabindrasangeet.

While most of these songs were non film songs, quite a few such songs were created for Bangla films. Even some Hindi movies had such songs, where tune remained same but lyrics were translated in Hindi.

The above mentioned “Hamraahi”(1945), which was the Hindi remake of ‘Udayare Pathe’ (1944), has a Bangla Rabindrasangeet song, something which the original Bangla movie did not have ! This song was recently covered by Mr Sadanand Kamath in the blog.

“Maa Beta”(1962) was directed by Lekhraj Bhakri for Tasweeristan, Bombay. This “social” movie had Nirupa Roy, Ameeta, Manoj Kumar, Vijay Dutt, Sheila Ramani, I S Johar, Lalita Pawar, Manmohan Krishna, Tarun Bose, Kumar, Manorama, Leela Mishra, Indra Bansal, Neelam, Shukla, Brahmdutt, Raj Prakash, Madhumati, Shaam Lala etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Maa Beta” (1962) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hemant Kumar.

The picturisation shows Nirupa Roy seated on a stage and lip syncing this song while holding a sitar. A lady dressed in Bharatnatyam dancing costume performs a dance on this song. I am unable to identify the dancing lady. I request our knowledgeable to help identify her.

The music is south Indian style, as is the dance. Our regulars may wonder what this song has to do with Rabindra sangeet. It is the lyrics ! The lyrics are a very good translation of the original Bangla Rabindrasangeet song, Momomor megher sangi. Listening to the original Bangla Rabindrasangeet song shows that the tune is entirely different, even though music director is the same, viz Hemant Kumar. Hemant Kumar very wisely decided to use the essence of the lyrics, and created an entirely new tune for the movie, as required by the story line.

I noticed (as I was reminded of it by a few regulars) that today is the remembrance day of Prem Dhawan (13 June 1923- 7 may 2001) as well. So it is quite fortuitous that today we discuss a song that turns put to be a two-in- one tribute for two artists.

So, as a tribute to gurudev Rabindranath Tagore on the occasion of this birth anniversary, and Prem Dhawan on the occasion of his remembrance day, here is a Rabindrasangeet inspired song from the golden era of HFM.


Song-Man mera udta jaaye (Maa Beta)(1962) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

man mera udta jaaye
baadal ke sang door gagan mein
aaj nashe mein gaata geet milan ke re ae
rimjhim rimjhim rimjhim
man mera udta jaaye
baadal ke sang door gagan mein
aaj nashe mein gaata geet milan ke re ae
rimjhim rimjhim rimjhim

aas ke pankh lagaa kar panchhi mastaana
pi ki nagariya aaj chala dil deewaana
aas ke pankh lagaa kar panchhi mastaana
pi ki nagariya aaj chala dil deewaana
ghan ghan baadal garje to kya
cham cham bijli chamke to kya
chanchal man to rukna kahin na jaane re
man mera udta jaaye
baadal ke sang door gagan mein
aaj nashe mein gaata geet milan ke re ae
rimjhim rimjhim rimjhim

uthti hain jaise saagar mein
kal kal chhal chhal karti tarangen
uthhti hain jaise saagar mein
kal kal chhal chhal karti tarangen
man mein waise hi jaag rahin
pal pal vyaakul mast umangen
aaj na roko pyaar ke is deewaane ko
haathon se dil jaata hai to jaane do
aaj na roko pyaar ke is deevaane ko
haathon se dil jaata hai to jaane do
tod chala ye bandhan saare
jahaan sajan ka pyaar pukaare
paagal hai man kab ye kisi ki maane re
man mera udta jaaye
baadal ke sang door gagan mein
aaj nashe mein gaata geet milan ke re ae
rimjhim rimjhim rimjhim


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4309 Post No. : 15584

————————————-
Regional language songs in Hindi movies- 1
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I had heard of ‘Rabindra Sangeet’ many years back in the context of our national anthem. Without knowing much about Rabindra Sangeet, in my younger days, I used to think that like Hindustani classical music, Carnatic classical music, folk music, Western classical music etc, Rabindra Sangeet was a different genre of music. (Now that I know it, I was not off the mark then). When I got associated with our Blog about 10 years back, I started looking at the Hindi film songs in a wider perspective encompassing, among other things, the genres of and the artists behind the Hindi film music. It was during the course of writing articles for the Blog covering songs of the golden period of Hindi film music, singers, lyricists and music directors that I came to know much about Rabindra Sangeet and its influence in Hindi film songs.

Rabindra Sangeet (Tagore songs) refers to over 2000 Bangla songs which were penned and set to music by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. During the course of my search on Rabindra Sangeet, I had come across a very informative website, http://www.geetabitan.com, dedicated to Rabindra Sangeet. The website is the repository of around 2200 songs written and composed by Gurudev during his life time. The website gives the main features of each of song with lyrics in Bangla and English with English translations wherever available. The songs are also classified in 6 main themes – Devotion, Patriotic, Love, Nature, Ceremonial and Amazement. In addition, other features of the songs such as raag, taal, and background history etc are also given. I also found that Rabindra Sangeet is complete with swarlipi (notations) which indicates that the system of notations in Indian music may have started with Rabindra Sangeet.

With the help of the lyrics in English, I have listened to many songs on the video sharing platform with the support of English translations. I am aware of the limitation of translation in English of the original Bangla songs or for that matter of any language. But for a non-Bengali like me, translation serves the purpose of understanding something about the song rather than not knowing at all. In a nutshell, Rabindra Sangeet is the amalgam of Hindustani classical music, Bangla folk music, and Western classical music. What attracts a non-Bengali like me to listen to Rabindra Sangeet is the unique sounding melody embedded in the song even though the full understanding of the meaning of the song would have enhanced the listening pleasure. Nevertheless, I feel like listening to Tagore songs again and again. They are soothing to my ears and they sounds like prayers.

It is well known fact that some of Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals can be interpreted differently by different persons. Based on the English translation of Tagore songs, I feel that some of these songs may have multiple interpretations. Probably, the interpretation of Tagore songs could be one of the debating issues for ‘bhadralok’ in the poetic soirees or even in the Coffee House. Hence, like Mirza Ghalib’s ghazals, Rabindra Sangeet would always remain one of the topics for discussion among the musicians. It is because of such interests and the spirituality in Tagore songs that Rabindra Sangeet retains its popularilty even after nearly hundred years when the songs were written and composed.

It is believed that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore started writing and composing songs since 1875. But his songs were rendered mostly in the confines of Shantiniketan by his students of music and his plays. The credit for making Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses goes to Pankaj Mullick. ‘Mukti’ (1937) was the film in which Tagore songs featured for the first time.

During the making of the film ‘Mukti” (1937), Pankaj Mullick, the music director for the film, had gone to meet Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore to seek his permission to use the song ‘diner sheshey ghumer deshey’ in the film. Pankaj Mullick was not sure whether he could get the nod from Gurdev as till then, Tagore songs were not used in the films. Moreover, Gurudev had not yet set the music for the song under consideration. Pankaj Mullick rendered the song which was set to music by him, in the presence of Gurudev who was so much impressed by his rendering of the song that he not only allowed Pankaj Mullick to use the song with his music in the film but also allowed him to set to music those Tagore songs which Gurudev had not find time to set to the tune. In the event, Pankaj Mullick got a rare distinction of being the only composer allowed by Gurudev to set tunes to his songs. [Based on http://www.pankajmullickfoundation.org/%5D. Later on, Pankaj Mullick devoted his efforts to make the Rabindra Sangeet popular by singing them on All India Radio and in the concerts.

On the basis of the number of song clips of Rabindra Sangeet available on the video sharing platforms, I feel that among the old stalwarts, Hemant Kumar, Debabrata Biswas, Dwijen Mukherjee, Kanika Banerjee, Suchitra Mitra, Sroboni Sen etc have immensely contributed to to make Rabindra Sangeet popular among the masses.

The popularity of Rabindra Sangeet influenced some of the music directors, especially of Bangla and Hindi films. Just like we say that a song is based on folk music, similarly, it has become common to say that song is influenced by Rabindra Sangeet. There are instances where Hindi films songs have been inspired from Rabindra Sangeet especially under the music direction of Pankaj Mullick, Anil Biswas, Salil Chowdhury. Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, R D Burman etc who hail from Bengal. There are many Hindi film songs inspired from Rabindra Sangeet but here, I will give only few examples:

Anil Biswas: Raahi matwaale (Rabindra Sangeet: ore grihobashi khol dwaar khol)

S D Burman: naina deewaane ek nahin maane (Rabindra Sangeet: shedin dujone dulechhune bone)

Hemant Kumar: mann mera udta jaaye (Rabindra Sangeet: man mor meghe sangi)

Salil Chowdhury: saawan ki raaton mein aisa bhi hota hai (Rabindra Sangeet: jete jete akla pothe)

Kishore Kumar: panthhi hoon us path kaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pather shesh kothay)

Rajesh Roshan: bandan khula panchhi udaa (Rabindra Sangeet: pagla hawaar baadol dine)

Some of the music directors seems to have used some parts of the tunes from Rabindra Sangeet which for a lay man it is difficult to pin point. I can only get some feel of Rabindra Sangeet in some of the songs composed by Anil Biswas like in ‘Anokha Pyaar’ (1948) and ‘Aaraam’ (1951). Some songs of R D Burman’s last film ‘1942 – A Love Story (1994) gives the shades of Rabindra Sangeet. Some of the other songs composed by S D Burman have some traces of Rabindra Sangeet. I found an interesting trivia about a small part of the tune taken from Rabindra Sangeet in jaane wo kaise log thhe jinko pyaar se pyaar mila :

In a conversation between S D Burman and Pulak Bandhyopadhyay, the Bangla film lyricist, S D Burman had revealed that the second verse of the mukhda of the song i.e., hamne to jab kaliyaan maangi kaanthon kaa haar mila’ was inspired from the second verse of our national anthem ‘Punjab Sind Gujarat Maratha Dravid Utkal Banga’. [Source: S D Burman – The Prince Musician – Anirudha Bhattacharjee and Balaji Vittal (2018).]

Rabindra Sangeet has a special place in ‘Hamraahi’ (1945) which had two Tagore songs in Bangla. One Tagore song, jan gan man adhinaayak jaya he has been covered in the Blog. The second Tagore song is ‘modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chhaaya’ which are rendered by Binota Bose (Roy) and Hemant Kumar. The song was written and composed by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore.

‘Hamraahi’ (1945) was a Hindi remake of Bangla film ‘Udayare Pathe’ (1944). It was a debut Bangla feature film for Bimal Roy as a director who also directed its Hindi remake. Both the versions of the film had, more or less the same star cast which consisted of Radhamohan Bhattacharya, Binota Bose (Roy), Rekha Mallik (Mitra), Maya Basu, Tulsi Chakraborty, Dev Bala, Parul Kar, Manorama etc. Interestingly, the Tagore song under reference was not there in the Bangla version of the film.

Since the song under discussion is in Bangla, I have taken the lyrics in English as well as the English translation from http://www.geetabitan.com. I know that the feelings expressed in Bangla in Tagore songs are difficult to replicate in English translation. The words are in Sanskritised Bangla. The song seems to convey the emotion through nature.

Anil Biswas used the complete tune of this Tagore song for mere chanchal naina madhur ras ke bhare in ‘Angulimaal’ (1960).

Audio Clip:

Song-Modhu gandhe bhara mridu snigdho chaaya (Humraahi)(1945) Singers-Binota Bose, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Rabindranath Tagore, MD-Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics
(Sourced from http://www.geetabitan.com)

modhu gandhe bhaara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjo tale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhaara
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae
phire rakto aloktako dhouto paaye
dhaara sikto baaye
ae ae ae ae ae ae
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
megho mukto sahasyo shashanko kaala
snithi praante jwaale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara

piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
piye uchchhalo tarol prolayo modira
un mukhoro tarongini dhaay adhira
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
kaar nirbhiko murti tarongo dole
kalo mandro role
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
ae taarahaara nihsimo andho kare
ae ae ae ae
kaar taroni chole
modhu gandhe bhara
mridu snigdho chhaaya
nipo kunjotale
shyamo kaantimoyi kon swapnomaaya
phire brishti jale
ae ae ae ae
gandhe bhara…aa

————————————-
English translation (source: http://www.geetabitan.com)
———————————————-

Passionate is languor,
That roam about in the dripping wetness,
Like a dark silhouette of a veiled maid
Under the arbour of kadam trees,
Delightfully fragrant and sombre.
Treading on red-alta washed feet,
Heading the gentle breeze, moist;
Sporadic flashes on forehead,
Smiling crescent peeping through clouds.
She swirls amuck, gurgling,
Having taken elixir of catastrophe.
Emerges from the roaring streams
A face of a valour, unknown.
In this star-less darkness of the night
Who sails his raft all alone.
_____________


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4224 Post No. : 15428 Movie Count :

4252

Hindi Songs from Bangla Films -17
——————————————————
Bengali film industry has given us many eminent film directors. If I list the names in chronological order, the first name that comes to my mind is Debaki Kumar Bose who had directed classic films like ‘Chandidas’ (1932), ‘Puran Bhagat’ (1933), ‘Vidyapati’ (1937), ‘Nartaki’ (1940) etc. Next in line is P C Barua known for classic films like ‘Devdas’ (1935). ‘Mukti’ (1937), ‘Jawaab’ (1942) etc. Then we have Nitin Bose, Phani Majumdar, Bimal Roy etc. In respect of parallel cinema, names of Satyajit Roy, Mrinal Sen, Ritwik Ghatak, Tapan Sinha, Rituparno Ghosh etc are well known not only in India but also internationally. This list is not exhaustive as their names came to my mind mainly because they were associated with Hindi films.

During the last few months, I have been selectively watching Bangla films on video sharing platforms. In this way, I became aware of some more directors for the first time. Among them, one of the directors whose film direction I liked is that of Ajoy Kar. I have seen his films like ‘Harano Sur’ (1957), ‘Saptapadi’ (1961), “Saat Paake Bandha’ (1963). I have also gone through the details of his other films on the net. His films are mostly based on unusual story line. Being a cinematographer himself, his films are full of some fine black and white photography. In fact, his photography ‘speaks’ dialogues for the actors on whom the shots have been framed. His four films have received National Film Awards for the best feature film/Certificates of Merit in Bengali film category.

Recently, I watched one more of his film, ‘Khelaghar’ (1959) which strengthened my view that Ajoy Kar was one of the greatest Bengali film directors whose name has, by and large, remained unknown to non-Bengali film audience. He had no occasion to direct any Hindi film although one of his Bangla film ’Saat Paake Bandha’ (1963) was remade in Hindi as ‘Kora Kaagaz’ (1974) with Anil Ganguly as director.

‘Khelaghar’ [1959 (Playhouse)] was a suspense film based on a patriotic theme of pre-independent India with more prominence to human relationship. The story was written by Salil Sen Gupta who also wrote dialogues for the film. The main cast consisted of Uttam Kumar, Mala Sinha, Chhabi Biswas, Asit Baran, Salil Datta, Preeti Majumdar, Ashish Mukherjee, Khagen Pathak, Dhiraj Das etc. Hemant Kumar was the music director for the film.

The story in the film revolves around a revolutionary, Gautam Chatterjee (Uttam Kumar) and Ruchira (Mala Sinha), the daughter of the Police Insepctor Banerjee (Chhabi Biswas). The film starts with a scene in which revolutionary Gautam who has been awarded death sentence by hanging has escaped from the jail. After deceiving the police forces, he accidentally enters into a compound of the Police Inspector’s residence and climb the pipe leading to a bedroom where Ruchira is sleeping. He gags her and tells that to save his life, he is forced to do this act. After discarding his jail uniform and wearing Police Inspector’s casual dress, he leaves the house and remains elusive to the police.

In the meanwhile, Ruchira’s marriage has been fixed with a foreign-return boy against her wish but she agrees to the marriage to keep her father’s word. The prospective husband’s constant interference in her personal matters creates a rift between them and Ruchira avoids meeting him. Her father is bent upon marrying her with the boy despite Ruchira’s dislike for him. One day, after heated arguments with her father over her marriage, Ruchira runs away from home in the night. Her father sends his police to bring her back. In trying to dodge the police, Ruchira lands alone in a shady street where a group of goons try to catch up with her. A well-dressed person saves her from the goons. The person is none other than revolutionary Gautam who though recognises Ruchira, refrains from mentioning it while Ruchira fails to recognize him. Both introduce each other with their false names and background.

Having failed to convince Ruchira to go back to her home or take shelter in a women’s hostel, Gautam arranges for a small room for her stay with the help of his Hindi speaking associate (Asit Baran). In the meanwhile, the police forces are looking for Gautam. After getting a tip off from an informer, the police raid the house in which Ruchira is staying where Gautam has come on a visit. But his associate who has already got a wind of the police raid, makes both of them to escape from the back door. While Gautam knows that police had come to catch him, Ruchira thinks that her father had sent the police force to take her back home.

After this incidence, Gautam’s associates suggest him to leave Ruchira as the risk to his life by associating himself with a daughter of the Police Inspector is very high. They also think that she could be a mole from the police to catch him. But Gautam rejects the proposals and arranges her stay in a room of his associate’s house. Over a period of time, Ruchira starts liking Gautam who also likes her but he downplays his feeling towards her as he has no future for a settled life with noose around his neck already waiting.

While Gautam is having a meeting with his associates in an underground hideout, police forces raid the place. While trying to run away from the place, Gautam is hit by a bullet on his leg. Somehow, he escapes from the police dragnet and reaches to Ruchira who tends him. At this point, he tells her to return to her father’s home as he knew from the beginning that she was the daughter of Police Inspector, Banerjee. Later, she also comes to know from an old newspaper with his photo that the person who has helped her is none other than the revolutionary Gautam to whom the entire police force is looking to catch him. Guatam once again tries to persuade Ruchira by telling her that the last few days they spent together was like a playhouse on a sand which would be swept away by sea waves. But Ruchira remains firm on her decision not to leave him in this situation.

After few days, Inspector Banerjee is shocked to get the news from an informer that his daughter is looking after the injured Gautam in a house. He calls for police force and lead himself for a raid. He asks Gautam to surrender but Ruchira comes in his way and tells her father that he can take Gautam over her dead body. Nevertheless, Gautam surrenders and he is taken to the police station. Despite repeated plea from her father, Ruchira refuses to return home with him by telling that she would stay back in her husband’s house. Though she has not married to Guatam, her it was her intention to let her father know.

Now, here comes the suspense part of the film. Next day after the re-arrest of Gautam, a person surrenders in front of the Inspector Banerjee claiming that he is the real revolutionary Guatam Chatterjee and he would prove this only in the court. In the retrial of Gautam, the real Gautam Chatterjee reveals that the arrested person is Shantanu Roy (Uttam Kumar) who is not a member of the Revolutionary Group but a poet and musician in whose house the revolutionary group used to meet occasionally. During one such meeting in his house, the police raid led by Inspector Banerjee Shantanu Roy held the door until all the revolutionaries including Guatam Chatterjee escaped from the back door. Since Inspector Banerjee addressed Shantanu Roy as Gautam Chatterjee, this gave an idea to Shantanu Roy to impersonate himself as Gautam Chatterjee to save the real Gautam Chatterjee.

The court pronounced the judgement giving 2 years of rigorous infringement to Shantanu Roy for falsifying as Gautam Chatterjee and having link with the revolutionary group. The film ends with Shantanu Roy telling Ruchira that after all, the playhouse is going to remain true as it is the question of few months wait.

The film is a ‘must watch’ for its superb story telling direction, the excellent performances by the main actors and the sublime black and white photography. Most of the scenes have been shot in the night in keeping with the theme of the film. That Ajoy Kar took some excellent close-up shots of Mala Sinha and Uttam Kumar, speak a lot about their acting ability. I never felt bored in watching this film which has English sub-titles.

I found only one song listed in the film on various sites which is a Bengali song rendered by Hemant Kumar. I came to know about a short (of about 2 minutes) Hindi song only after watching the film which I am presenting with this article. The song is ‘kehti hai mujhko duniya deewaana nashe mein hai’ sung by Mohammed Rafi and picturised on Asit Baran in the role of an associate of the revolutionary Gautam in the film. Since his dialogues in the film are in Hindi, the song has to be in Hindi which is set to music by Hemant Kumar. Going by the credit titles of the film, the song is written by S H Bihari.

Actually, Asit Baran is acting as a drunkard to get into a room where he is secretly scheduled to meet Gautam. Since the duration of the song is less than 2 minutes, probably no gramophone record of the song was made. Luckily, the video clip of the song is available. There is another two- line Hindi song sung by Rafi and picturised on Asit Baran.

By the way, Asit Baran was a well known actor-singer and playback singer who has acted and sung in Hindi films like ‘Saugandh’ (1942), ‘Kashinath’ (1943), ‘Wapas’ (1943), ‘Wasiyatnama’ (1945), ‘Manzoor’ (1949), ‘Parineeta’ (1953), ‘Suhag Sindoor’ (1953 ), etc. But for the song under discussion, Rafi sang for him. The reason is that by 1953, Asit Baran’s voice had somewhat deteriorated. In the film ‘Suhaag Sindoor’ (1953), songs sung by Shailesh Mukherjee may have been picturised on Asit Baran who was the lead actor in the film.

Enjoy this lesser known Rafi song.

Video link:

Song-Kehti hai mujhko duniya deewaana nashe mein hai (Khelaghar)(1959) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

kehti hai mujhko duniya
deewaana nashe mein hai
ha ha ha
wah
nashe mein hai
meri nazar se dekho
zamaana nashe mein ha….i
kehti hai mujhko duniya
deewaana nashe mein hai
meri nazar se dekho
zamaana nashe mein hai
hic
nashe mein hai

bhookha koi gareeb jab
raahon mein gir pada
bhookha koi gareeb jab
raahon mein gir pada
duniya ne ye kaha ke
uthhaana nashe mein hai
kehti hai mujhko duniya
deewaana nashe mein hai
meri nazar se dekho
zamaana nashe mein hai

ik jaam aur de de
ho saaqi tera bhala
de de saaqi kya kami hai
ik jaam aur de de
ho saaqi tera bhala
aakhir tera deewaana hai
maana nashe mein hai
kehti hai mujhko duniya
deewaana nashe mein hai
meri nazar se dekho
zamaana nashe mein hai
hic
nashe mein…..


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4206 Post No. : 15396

Today 23rd January (2020) is the 123rd birth anniversary of one of the greatest ‘sons of this soil’, a great visionary, courageous and brave leader Subhash Chandra Bose.

On this occasion, today I am presenting a song from the ‘1966’ movie ‘Netaji Subhashchandra Bose-1966’.

If we look at the movies made on the life of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, we have the following movies represented on the blog so far.

SNo Movie Year of the movie
01 Pehla Aadmi 1950
02 Netaji Subhashchandra Bose 1966
03 Subhash Chandra 1978
04 Bose- The forgotten hero 2004

Other films inspired by Subhash Bose and INA are,

  1. ’Samadhi’ (1950) was inspired from Indian National Army and it had couple of patriotic songs too).
  2. ‘Ami Subhash Bolchi’ (2011) (Bangla) – a film about a social movement in Bengal inspired by the vision of Subhash Bose (something akin to ‘Lage Raho Munna Bhai’ (2006)).
  3. ‘Raag Desh’ (2017) – a film about the famous Red Fort trials in which the leading soldiers of INA, Colonel Prem Sahgal, Colonel Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Major General Shah Nawaz Khan, were tried by the British Govt. for sedition and waging war against the British Empire. They were sentenced to deportation for life, but the public outcry in favor of these soldiers was so great that the British were forced to release all the defendants. The protest slogan of ‘Sehgal-Dhillon-Shah Nawaz’ became very popular amongst the masses.
  4. ‘Gumnaami’ (2019) – a film based on the Mukherjee Commission Hearings during 1999 to 2005, which investigated the question whether Subhash Bose had died in a plane crash in Taiwan (in 1946).

*(I would request our knowledgeable readers to correct and suggest if  there are any other movies that may have been missed above).

‘Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’ was directed by Hemen Gupta for ‘Adarshlok, Bombay’.

The cast of this movie included Abhi Bhattacharya, Jaimala, Bipin Gupta, Ulhas, Maxworth, Padma Devi, Niranjan Sharma, N.R. Madholkar, Leela Mishra, Rajeshwar Dayal, Sudarshan Sethi, Mouni Chatterjee, Kant Kumar, Paresh Kumar, Munshi Niyamatulla, Kishan Raj, Mohan Kaul, Jaisingh, Sawant, Kamal Kapoor, Moore, Vulga, Supariwala, Panna Kapoor, Harry, Pears and Kelli.

This movie had five songs penned by Kavi Pradeep and composed to music by Salil Chaudhary. Mohd Rafi, Manna Dey, Savita Bannerjee, Hemant Kumar had given their voices to the songs in this movie.

Three songs from this movie have been posted on the blog earlier. Today’s song is the fourth song from this movie to be posted on the blog. As per HFGK this song is sung by Mohd Rafi, Hemant Kumar and chorus.

As mentioned above lyrics are by Kavi Pradeep and music is by Salil Chaudhary.

Let us listen to this song and pay our tributes and salute to Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and his contribution in the freedom struggle of India.


Song-Dushmanon Saavdhaan (Netaji Subhashchandra Bose)(1966) Singers-Rafi, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Salil Chaudhary
Rafi + Hemant Kumar
Chorus

Lyrics

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan
chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara hindustaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara Hindustaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

jaa chukaa hai waqt
dagaabaaz tumhaara
ab na rahega
ye takht-o-taaj tumhaara
jaa chukaa hai waqt
dagaabaaz tumhaara
ab na rahega
ye takht-o-taaj tumhaara
dhool mein mil jaayega
ye raaj tumhaara
maut se muqaabla hai
aaj tumhaara
tumpe ham m m
tumpe ham girenge
vajr ke samaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

jhanjhanaa rahaa suno
akaash zaalimon
hoga ab tumhaara sarvnaash
zaalimon
jhanjhanaa rahaa suno
akaash zaalimon
hoga ab tumhaara sarvnaash
zaalimon
denge ham bichhaa
tumhaari laash zaalimon
kaal ban ke aaya hai
subhash zaalimon
ham chaley ae
ham chaley
hatheliyon pe leke jaan

dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan
chal pade hai aaj
hind ke jawaan
sar pe baandh kar kafan
seena taan
chhod do
chhod do
chhod do o o
paapiyon hamaara Hindustaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o
o ho o o o o

——————————————

(lines* not included in above song)

ham ladenge tumse
jab talak hai dam mein dam
hamko apni pyaari Janmabhoomi ki qasam
ab nahin rukenge
ye badhte huye qadam
mar kar bhi kar jaayenge
aazaad Hind ham
mar kar bhi rakhenge
ham watan ki shaan
dushmanon
saavdhaan
shatruon
saavdhan

(*as mentioned in the complete lyrics of Kavi Pradeep in the book ‘Kavi Pradeep Ka Hindi Sahitya Mein Avdaan’ by Dr. Dinesh Chandra Awasthi)
—————————————————–
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————————————–
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान
चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

जा चुका है वक़्त
दगाबाज़ तुम्हारा
अब न रहेगा
ये तख़्त ओ ताज तुम्हारा
जा चुका है वक़्त
दगाबाज़ तुम्हारा
अब न रहेगा
ये तख़्त ओ ताज तुम्हारा
धुल में मिल जाएगा
ये राज तुम्हारा
मौत से मुकाबला है
आज तुम्हारा
तुमपे हम म म
तुमपे हम गिरेंगे
वज्र के सामान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

झनझना रहा सुनो
आकाश जालिमों
होगा अब तुम्हारा सर्वनाश
जालिमों
झनझना रहा सुनो
आकाश जालिमों
होगा अब तुम्हारा सर्वनाश
जालिमों
देंगे हम बिछा
तुम्हारी लाश जालिमों
काल बन के आया है
सुभाष जालिमों
हम चले ए
हम चले
हथेलियों पे लेके जान

दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

चल पड़े है आज
हिन्द के जवान
सर पे बाँध कर कफ़न
सीना तान
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो
छोड़ दो ओ ओ
पापियों हमारा हिंदुस्तान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान

ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ
ओ हो ओ ओ ओ ओ

(*पंक्तियाँ जो कवि प्रदीप के गीत में है और शायद यहाँ फिल्म में या रिकॉर्डिंग में शामिल नहीं की गयी)

हम लड़ेंगे तुमसे
जब तलक है दम में दम
हमको अपनी प्यारी जन्मभूमि कि क़सम
अब नहीं रुकेंगे
ये बढ़ते हुए क़दम
मर कर भी कर जायेंगे
आज़ाद हिन्द हम
मर कर भी रखेंगे
हम वतन की शान
दुश्मनों
सावधान
शत्रुओं
सावधान


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4171 Post No. : 15345 Movie Count :

4230

Hindi Songs in Bangla Films – 13
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

‘Monihar’ (‘Jeweled Neckless’, 1966, Bangla film) was directed by Salil Sen. The main cast included Soumitra Chatterjee, Biswajeet, Sandhya Roy, Kamal Mitra, Pahadi Sanyal, Chhaya Devi etc. The film is available on a video sharing site with English sub-titles. The film belongs to the genre of the musical family drama and is about two brothers who share a cordial relationship yet there are misunderstandings regarding the financial matters as well as their likings for the same girl. Yet there is no villainous attitude towards each other. And this is the highlight of the film. This is one more among Bangla films which has got the theme of declining influence of aristocracy in Bengal during the British rule. The gist of the story of the film is as under:

Ajay (Soumitra Chatterjee) and Arun (Biswajeet) are two brothers belonging to an aristocratic family who stay with their widowed mother. The family’s financial position is not good. Except for a huge palace and some business ventures which are running at losses, they have almost nothing to indulge in aristocratic life style. Ajay being the elder, looks after the family business. He is also a good trained singer under the tutelage of an Ustad (Pahadi Sanyal). Arun, the younger one has gone to Calcutta (Kolkata) for higher study to become a doctor.

The mother, before her death, had taken an assurance from Ajay the he would look after Arun in the same way as she would have looked after him. She also hands over a ‘monihar’ (jeweled necklace) to Ajay for her prospective wife whenever he gets married as this has been passed over three generation to the eldest daughter-in-law in the family.

Due to losses in business, Ajay finds it difficult to meet the expenses of Arun. He takes loans from a moneylender who eyes his palace in case he fails to repay the loan. Over a period of time, he had to sell his investments in losses and also the family jewelries to repay the loan to the moneylender. Arun is aware of the financial conditions of the family but Ajay tells him to concentrate on his studies and leave the financial matters to him.

As a part of improving his financial position, Ajay takes to teaching music with a pseudo name, Kumar and one of the students is Bandana (Sandhya Roy) whom he likes for her good singing. But before that Bandana has met Arun in a picnic and both fall in love. All the three – Ajay, Arun and Bandana are unaware of these developments. In the meanwhile, due to his popularity as a singer and the music teacher, Ajay’s financial position improves.

During one of his occasional visits, Arun comes to know that Ajay has sold family assets without consulting him. But he is not aware that Ajay has sold them mainly to take care of Arun’s education. This create some misunderstanding between the two brothers. Also, during his musical training to Bandana, Kumar ( who in reality is Ajay) had given to her monihar as a token of his blessing. When Arun see Bandana with monihar, he thinks that Ajay has sold monihar to Kumar for raising money. The monihar also creates misunderstanding between Arun and Bandana as he thinks that Bandana loves Kumar.

In the meanwhile, Ajay is sick and also to avoid further misunderstanding with his younger brother, he transfers all his assets in the name of Arun and decides to leave the house forever. However, the call of his mother for the responsibility of Arun brings him back to his house. The explanations from Ajay and also from Bandana’s parents about the monihar, clear all misunderstandings and Arun gets married to Bandana.

‘Monihar’ (1966) had 9 songs of which one song was in Hindi. The highlight of remaining 8 Bengali songs was that Lata Mangeshkar sang for Sandhya Roy, Hemant Kumar sang for both Soumitra Chatterjee and Biswajeet. One dance song was sung by Suman Kalyanpur.

I am presenting the only Hindi song from the film ‘piya bin nis din roun saheli’. I was pleasantly surprised to find that this song was rendered by the great maestro Pankaj Mullick who lent his voice for Pahadi Sanyal in the film. In fact, the film starts with this song. I was under the impression that Pankaj Mullick had no occasion to sing filmy songs in Hindi after ‘Kasturi’ (1954). Probably, this song may be his last filmy song in Hindi. The song is available only on sound track and no gramophone record of the song seems to have been issued. Mp3 clip of the sound track of the song is now available on SAREGAMA for sale. The song was penned by Kaifi Azmi which was set to music by Hemant Kumar.

It is a lovely song. Pankaj Mullick sings in almost the same resonance as he used to sings in the 1940s.

Video Clip:

Audio Clip:

Song-Piya bin nis din roun saheli (Monihar)(Bangla)(1966) Singer-Pankaj Mullick, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-Hemant Kumar

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aa
piya bin nis din roun saheli
piya bin nis din roun saheli
piya bin nis din roun saheli
piya bin nis din roun saheli

o o o
mann ki paheli sab jag boojhe
mann ki paheli sab jag boojhe
kisko bujhhaaun tan ki paheli
piya bin nis din roun saheli

o o o
kajara ko tarase kaare naina
kajara ko tarase kaare naina
mehndi ko tarase gori hatheli
piya bin nis bin roun saheli

o o o
pi ko bulaaun dhoondhan jaaun
pi ko bulaaun dhoondhan jaaun
kaise bitaaye roun akeli
piya bin nis din roun saheli
piya bin nis din roun saheli ee ee ee


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total number of songs posts discussed

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Total Number of movies covered =4329

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