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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1930s (1931 to 1940)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3619 Post No. : 14422

Today’s song is from a really unknown and unheard of film of the early era – ‘Fauladi Mukka’ (1936).

So far 3 films with this title are made in Hindi. The other two films were made in 1965 and 1985. The 1965 movie was a regular C grade action stunt movie of actor Aazad and the 1985 movie was a Tamil film dubbed in Hindi. It starred Rajinikant. I call him a sophisticated stunt actor, although he is known to have worked in serious social films too. But generally, in the world beyond Tamilnadu, Rajinikant is equivalent to unimaginable, logic-basher, nature-defying stunts which make you not only wonder but also bring you a smile.

It is a wonder that such an actor is treated like a God in south. But then, South has always been like that. Adoring the actors beyond acceptable norms, deifying them and even building temples for them. Once when I was travelling in Tamilnadu, I had seen a Temple for actress Khushboo (it was promptly destroyed by the same fans, when Khushboo made some sensible, practical and logical remarks during an AIDS awareness campaign). Now I hear there is a Temple for actress Namitha !

Forget about actors, but some typical film titles shout loudly about it being patently a stunt film. Can you ever imagine that films like Khooni Darinda, Khoon Ki Pyaasi Daayan, Khooni Jaadugar, Guru Ghantal, Atom Bomb, Bhedi Bungla, Khooni Laash, Madame Zapata, Daryayi Lutera and similar scary but funny title film, being a social meaningful film, showing a dedicated wife, dutiful son and disciplined children serving their grandparents?

The fun is, there is a fixed set of producers, directors and actors in an action film. Moreover, such films used to be shown in some obscure, dilapidated, old cinema houses. When I was young, I remember having seen stunt films in theatres of old city part of Hyderabad, having names like Taj, Delite and Moosa. Yes, a theatre on the banks of river Moosa was named as Moosa Theatre !

Ok, Ok, to make the matter short and sweet, today’s film too was a C grade stunt/action film, made by Wadia Movietone famous for such films. Low Budgets-No Publicity-Big Profits. This sure shot formula of Wadia Movietone prompted them to promote a foreign, daring girl, who was ready to any stunts in films. She overtook all the then prevailing stunt kings like Baburao Pehelwan, Kamran, Dalpat, Prakash and the likes of them and in a flash became famous as Fearless Nadia.

So, again coming to the point, ‘Fauladi Mukka’ was also a stunt film featuring well known action artists like Harishchandra Rao, Husn Banu, Sayani Atish, Dalpatram, Master Chhotu, Shahjehan etc. The MD was the usual stunt film specialist Master Mohammad. The leading lady Husn Banu’s story is very interesting.

Her mother Sharifa was an actress in the 20s and the 30s. She hailed from the Central Provinces and joined the Corinthian Theatre company of Calcutta, in which the famous Urdu writer Agha Hasra Kashmiri was also working. She and Agha fell in love. However during one performing tour, the Maharaja of Charkhari in Central Province, fell for Shareefa. He followed the drama company to Calcutta and bought the already debt ridden Corinthian Theatre company for Rs. 40 Lakhs. This included the entire property and the services of Agha and Shareefa too. Soon they resigned and Shareefa started acting in films.

A Parsi magician named Minoo Kooper (the actor singer Minu Cooper, the mystique, of Bombay was a different person) came to Calcutta to give performances. Shareefa was attracted to him and they both left on a tour of Far East. She went as his helper and a consort. For a year they stayed together. When Shareefa became pregnant, Minoo left them in Singapore and returned to India.

Roshan Ara aka  Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta (just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film ‘Daaku Mansoor’ (1934). After this film, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she started getting roles in Wadia films. She was working  only in C grade stunt action films. After 1940, she got 2 social films made by Bharat Laxmi films and in 1941 again 1 film each from Bhavnani productions and National studios. However she got only small or side roles.

In 1941, When she was selected for Ranjit’s film ‘Dhandora’ as a Heroine, this was a new experience for her as she had never worked in a social or a comedy movie as the lead actress. All her experience was for stunt films only. Husn Bano acted in 53 films and sang 44 songs in 16 films. She had married Wadia’s director Aspi Irani. Husn Bano worked in films till 1977; her last film was ‘Akhari Sajda and then she retired. She had a big house ‘Shareefa Manzil’ in Dadar, Bombay. On 23-11-1986, her husband Aspi Irani left home for work and he simply disappeared. He was never found and was declared as a “Missing Person” by the police.

Husn Banu was beautiful. She was featured in Lux Soap advertisement in the early 1940s. Leela Chitnis was the first to feature in this ad during early 1940. After that Azuri, Bharati Devi, Manorama, Ratanbai, Shobhana Samarth, Mumtaz Shanti, Neena, Sadhona Bose and Maya Banerjee have also featured in these ads.

Hero of this stunt film was Harishchandra Rao (Kadam). He was born in Bhuj, Gujarat on 11-8-1910. He did his early schooling in Bhuj, but his family shifted to Karachi, due to financial debacle. He did cycle repairing work and completed his matriculation by age of 18 years. He joined a touring film company. Once, while in Bombay he was watching the film shooting in Paramount company. Suddenly, the director offered him a role in the film. Thus he entered the films. from 1932 he did few silent films.

He joined Shankar Bhatt’s Prakash Pictures and worked in their first Talkie, ‘Bambai Ki Mohini’ (1934). He was with Prakash, upto 1939, doing stunt films inside and outside also. He did some films for Wadia too, in between. Finally he started his own company – Harishchandra Productions. He continued to work as actor, director and producer. He sang few songs also.

Some of his films were ‘Daulat’ (1937), ‘Naujawan’ (1937), ‘Rangila Mazdoor’ (1938), ‘Rangila Jawaan’ (1940), ‘Sukhi Jeevan’ (1942), ‘Lehri Jawaan’ (1935), ‘Inaam’, ‘Sone Ki Chidiya’ (1934), ‘Durbaan’ (1946), ‘Laat Sahib’ (1946), ‘Tamaasha’ (1942) etc. He worked in about 42 films.

His brother Chandrarao Kadam was also a stunt actor. He was known as Stunt King. He had his own company – Chandrarao Films. He acted, directed and produced films. The brothers were friendly with Master Bhagwan and gave him preference in their films, till Bhagwan started his own company- Jagriti films. Later on Chandrarao floated his own Chandivali Studio in Bombay suburb, which is still actively run by his progeny.

The film ‘Fauladi Mukka’ had only 5 songs. Listen to today’s song. There are some dialogues in the beginning. If you recollect, there was a famous song by Surendra and Bibbo, from film Manmohan-36, which had a prose line by Bibbo- क्या मै अंदर आ सकती हुं ?. This made the song very popular. In today’s song also similar lines are there and these songs were recorded earlier than Manmohan-36, as per record numbers.  may be this song perhaps had been an inspiration for the ‘Manmohan’ song. Just a thought !

The film and singer Harishchandra Rao make their debut on the blog today.

( Credits- Stages of Life-Indian Theatre Autobiographies by Kathryn Hansen, All India Film Directory (1946), HFGK, MuVyz, www.chiloka.com, Isak Mujawar, Vithal Pandya and my notes.)

 


Song – Prem Mandir Mein Manmurakh Yeh Har Ki Kundi Khole (Faulaadi Mukka) (1936) Singer – Husn Bano, Harishchandra Rao, Lyrics – Munshi Gyan, Music – Master Mohammed
Unidentified Male Voice

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

prem,
aaj ka lesson to khatm hua
aur is ke baad

behan,
prem ki pariksha to kar li
ab prem pariksha bhi kar lo

chandrakanta,
tumhaare bhai chhotu ne vaakai ek mushkil sawaal hamaare saamne pesh kar diya hai

haan,
sawaal, ye aisa sawaal
jiska jawaab siwaye zindagi ki sunehri kitaab ke aur kahin nahin mil sakta

o ho
aap (??) bhi hain
bhala bataaiye aap ki kitaab e zindagi
prem ke baare mein kya kehti hai

prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole
prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole
kaa..aath ki bansi
prem raag mein
har dam tu ru boley
kaa..aath ki bansi
prem raag mein
har dam tu ru boley

prem ki duniya kitni badi hai

ek hi bindu prem ki duniya
ek hi bindu prem ki duniya
saagar laakh samaate hain
saagar laakh samaate
prem naiya mein
prem nagar se
prem ke moti doley
prem naiya mein
prem nagar se
prem ke moti doley

aur prem ki shakti

prem nagar mein
mann mastaana
amrit ka deewaana
prem nagar mein
mann mastaana
amrit ka deewaana
vi..eesh ka pyaala
le kar paagal
amrat amrat boley
vi..eesh ka pyaala
le kar paagal
amrat amrat boley

prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

प्रेम
आज का लेस्सन तो खत्म हुआ
और इस के बाद

बहन
प्रेम की परीक्षा तो कर ली
अब प्रेम परीक्षा भी कर लो

चंद्रकांता
तुम्हारे भाई छोटू ने वाकई एक मुश्किल
सवाल हमारे सामने पेश कर दिया है

हाँ
सवाल, ये ऐसा सवाल
जिसका जवाब सिवाय ज़िंदगी की सुनहरी
किताब के और कहीं नहीं मिल सकता

ओ हो
आप (??) भी हैं
भला बताइयेआप की किताब ए ज़िंदगी
प्रेम के बारे में क्या कहती है

प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले
प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले
का॰॰आठ की बंसी
प्रेम राग में
हर डैम तू रु बोले
का॰॰आठ की बंसी
प्रेम राग में
हर डैम तू रु बोले

प्रेम की दुनिया कितनी बड़ी है

एक ही बिन्दु प्रेम की दुनिया
एक ही बिन्दु प्रेम की दुनिया
सागर लाख समाते हैं
सागर लाख समाते
प्रेम नैया में
प्रेम नगर से
प्रेम के मोती डोले
प्रेम नैया में
प्रेम नगर से
प्रेम के मोती डोले

और प्रेम की शक्ति

प्रेम नगर में
मन मस्ताना
अमरत का दीवाना
प्रेम नगर में
मन मस्ताना
अमरत का दीवाना
वी॰॰ईष का प्याला
ले कर पागल
अमरत अमरत बोले
वी॰॰ईष का प्याला
ले कर पागल
अमरत अमरत बोले

प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3613 Post No. : 14407

Today’s song is from a relatively unknown film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940). The film makes its debut on the blog today.

Every person in this world likes to talk about himself. More so, if the person is from the film line and now retired. Some of them write their autobiography and some others get someone to write for them. Autobiographies (AB) are of two types. One in which the author talks about the times he spent in the studios, about the film, people connected with it, anecdotes and generally gives information about those times, in his book. Such ABs are considered the best from the point of view of Film History. Such ABs are less in number.

The other type of AB is, in which the author writes more about his personal life mainly, giving negligible space to other matters like film, people and related matters. Such authors are under the wrong impression that the world is dying to know about him and his life, while the facts remain that they had lives like majority of people in India working in films.

Overall, the statistics say that women wrote more ABs than the men. Among the many ABs are the ones by Durga Khote, Leela Chitnis, Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Kanan Devi, Hansa Wadkar (one of the very few in the world, on which a film was made – ‘Bhumika’ (1977), Sulochana Latkar, Jayashree Gadkar, Snehprabha Pradhan etc etc. Among the males, some ABs are those of Bimal Roy, Nabendu Ghosh (I found that most film male personalities in Bangla cinema wrote their ABs), Sachin Burman, Salil Chaudhari, Hemanta Kumar,  Vithal Pandya, Ramchandra Thakur and C. Ramchandra. Bangla artists wrote in Bangla only. Some have been translated into English.

Among these ABs, I would rate Durga Khote, Sulochana and Kanan Devi and Vithal Pandya’s  books as the best in the first category. The worst AB is that of C Ramchandra from the second category in my personal opinion.

When I write about a film or a song, I try to first read the related part from the AB of the concerned artiste, if any, so that my information becomes factual and reliable. In case of today Leela Chitnis was the heroine of film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ and today’s song is also by her, so naturally, her AB came handy to me for additional information. It is a matter of coincidence that my previous article was from the film ‘Fashion’ (1943) and today’s film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ (1940) – both had by chance a similar story in content. The difference is I had not seen ‘Fashion’, but I saw the Marathi version of ‘Ghar Ki Rani’.

Film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ aka ‘The Better Half’ was a bilingual film, as per those day’s practice by producers of Maharashtra. The film was in Hindi and Marathi. In Marathi, the title was ‘Ardhangi’. It was made by Master Vinayak for his own Hans Pictures. Hans Pictures was in financial crisis during this period due to the failure of their ambitious film ‘Jwaala’ (1939), in which Chandramohan had acted in both versions, dubbing his own dialogues in Marathi himself, fluently.

When Master Vinayak had started Hans Pictures, the first film was ‘Chhaaya’ (1936). He had called Leela Chitnis to Kolhapur from Karachi to work in ‘Chhaaya’. Prior to that about a year or so earlier, Leela and Vinayak had been introduced in Poona. That time they had developed an attraction for each others, though Leela was already married and had 2 children. When they met again for film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ at Poona, no such feeling had remained. That time Master Vinayak had married Susheela – sister of actress Indira Wadkar, and he too had 2 daughters by then. One of them was Baby Nanda. During the shooting of the film Leela fell from her cycle and had fractures. One month was lost in that.

Leela had just completed ‘Bandhan’ (1940) made by Bombay Talkies and ‘Jhoola’ (1941) was nowhere in sight. After completing this film in Poona, when she went back to Bombay, she learnt that Bombay Talkies owner Himanshu Rai was serious and in the hospital. Soon he died and the studio was divided into two groups. Work was to start for her next film ‘Jhoola’. In between this period, she went to Gwalior to meet her son who was studying there in a Public school. In this period, a sad but funny thing happened.

Some British soldiers caught and raped an young girl whose name was Leela Chitnis. The soldiers were arrested and the newspapers in Bombay announced that Leela Chitnis was raped by soldiers and that she is not well. Her mother telephoned her in Gwalior and started inquiring about her health in a serious tone. This was followed by her sister’s call who said that she is reaching next day to take care of her health. Leela Chitnis was confused. Not aware of the drama in Bombay, she did not know why suddenly her health was questioned. Next day her sister came and then everything was clarified. After she came back to Bombay she contacted the papers and clarified the matter.

The story and lyrics of the Marathi version of this film were written by Acharya PK Atre, but for Hindi version Pt Indra translated them. Today’s song is by Leela Chitnis and Master Eric. HFGK credits the song to Master Vinayak. However, in the addenda, an explanation is given with correct name. The fact is, Master Vinayak had a dental problem, due to which he could not sing well. All his songs in Marathi and Hindi films were sung by Master Eric. This is mentioned in several books.

Now, who was this Master Eric? His real name was Vasant Jadhav. He was born in 1907 into a Marathi Christian family of Kolhapur. Bhalji Pendharkar selected him for acting and singing in Shyam Cinetone’s film ‘Parth Kumar’ (1934) (Hindi / Marathi). His pet name was Eric, so he became Vasant Eric and later on due to his singing, he was called Master Vasant Eric. He joined Kolhapur Shalini Cinetone and worked with Master Vinayak. He also worked in films like ‘Aakashwani’ (1934) and ‘Honhaar’ (1936). He sang songs in films from 1937 onwards. In all the Marathi / Hindi films of Master Vinayak he sang for him.

Vasant Eric knew Ratanbai. She introduced him to Ardeshir Irani and he employed Eric in his music department, playing various instruments and singing whenever needed. He acted and sang in films made by Hans, Navyug and Prafull Films. In 1948, he gave music to a Marathi film. He was called by many MDs to play chord piano for their songs. The male voice in Lata’s First Hindi Playback song “Paa Laagu Kar Jori Re”  is that of master Vasant Eric only.

His son Ravindra was an actor and daughter Hemlata Shankar (Jadhav) was a film dancer. His grandson Nitin Shanker is an arranger in Bollywood today. Master Vasant Eric died in 1982.

I have seen the film’s Marathi version, ‘Ardhangi’. The story of film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’ was-

Satyavan (Vinayak) is a University professor. Though he is highly educated, his wife Savitri (Meenakshi Shirodkar) is a simple housewife devoted to husband and his family. One day Satyavan’s colleague introduces his wife to Satyawan. Arundhati (Leela Chitnis) is a modern, educated, English speaking and cigarette smoking beautiful woman. Satyawan gets mad after her and takes every opportunity to meet and flatter her. In his mind he starts comparing Arundhati with his wife Savitri and feels ashamed of his wife. He feels Savitri is absolutely illiterate, old styled useless woman and avoids taking her with him anywhere.

He appoints a tutor to teach Savitri European manners and English speaking etc. It is difficult for Savitri, but for husband she does them and soon picks up, being intelligent woman. When Satyawan tries to impress Arundhati, she gives him freedom. Soon he comes very close to her to have an affair. However Arundhati humiliates him and makes him to all her domestic work. Then one day, she abandons Satyawan for the rich Zamindar Marotirao (Baburao Pendharkar).

Satyawan realises that he has been a fool to run after such a woman and returns happily to his wife Savitri, little knowing that it was Savitri who instigated Marotirao to go for Arundhati, to save her husband going away from her. Thus the Mahabharata story of Savitri who wins back her husband form Yama, comes to a close in Kalyug ! ( 655 )

Here is a rare song of Leela Chitnis and Master Vasant Eric from film ‘Ghar Ki Rani’. When you listen to Eric’s voice, you will realize the similarity of Master Vinayak’s and his voice.

 


Song – Aao Sainyaan Khul Kar Khelen Aaj Poonam Ki Raat Hai (Ghar Ki Rani) (1940) Singer – Leela Chitnis, Vasant Eric, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Dada Chandekar

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aao sainyaan
khul kar khelen
aaj poonam ki raat hai
aao sainyaan
khul kar khelen
aaj poonam ki raat hai
chandramukhi ho
pehlu mein to
chandramukhi ho
pehlu mein to
khoob poonam ki raat hai

chanda chhin chhin mein chhip jaata
rajnion ka chumban le aata
phir hum par joban barsaata
aaj poonam ki raat hai
hoon hum
khoob poonam ki raat hai

tum dard badha ke
dil mein mujhe chhipa lo
praanon se praan
aahon se aah mila lo
main teri aankh mein
aansoon jal kar jhoomoon
jo girey aankh se
to gaalon ko choomoon
bhool jaaye duniya hum ko
hum duniya ko bhoolen
bhool jaaye duniya hum ko
hum duniya ko bhoolen
madhoshi ki godi mein
armaan banaayen ghoomen
aaj poonam ki raat hai
hoon hum
khoob poonam ki raat hai
aao sainyaan
khul kar khelen
aaj poonam ki raat hai

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
आओ सैंया
खुल कर खेलें
आज पूनम की रात है
आओ सैंया
खुल कर खेलें
आज पूनम की रात है
चन्द्रमुखी हो
पहलू में तो
चन्द्रमुखी हो
पहलू में तो
खूब पूनम की रात है

चंदा छिन्न छिन्न में छिप जाता
रजनीओं का चुम्बन ले आता
फिर हम पर जोबन बरसाता
आज पूनम की रात है
हूँ हुम
खूब पूनम की रात है

तुम दर्द बढ़ा के
दिल में मुझे छिपा लो
प्राणों से प्राण
आहों से आह मिला लो
मैं तेरी आँख में
आँसू जल कर झूमूँ
जो गिरे आँख से
तो गालों को चूमूँ
भूल जाये दुनिया हमको
हुम दुनिया को भूलें
भूल जाये दुनिया हमको
हुम दुनिया को भूलें
मदहोशी की गोदी में
अरमान बनाएँ घूमें
आज पूनम की रात है
हूँ हुम
खूब पूनम की रात है
आओ सैंया
खुल कर खेलें
आज पूनम की रात है


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3607 Post No. : 14389

Today’s song is from an obscure, unknown film the early era – ‘Pratibha’ (1937).

Any industry, to develop into a profitable one, requires hard work by the pioneers. This applies totally to Hindi Film Industry in India. The original initiators of the film industry were not any rich people, but the industry took the seeds from ordinary, middle class people.They had no riches, but their zeal, dedication, ambition and desire to achieve goals overtook their poverty and they toiled and moiled to raise the required finance for their projects. We all know about  the great Dadasaheb Phalke, who staked everything he owned to achieve his goals and became a name to remember for ever. In this endeavour, he was not alone. There was one more person from Kolhapur, who took Phalke’s dream much ahead from silent to talkie films. His name is taken today with awe and respect by film historians. He was Baburao Painter.

Kala Maharshi Baburao Painter ( real name Baburao Krishnarao Mestri) was born on 3rd June 1890 at Kolhapur. The success of Dadasaheb Phalke in making films in India inspired Baburao and his cousin brother Anandrao immensely. They too wanted to make films, but it was not possible in Kolhapur. Phalke had gone to England to learn the film making and had brought machinery from England. This was beyond the reach of these poor young men.

Anandrao found that a second hand projector was for sale in Null Bazar in Bombay. Crazily, he decided to change the projector into a film camera, by making some structural changes. They sold the gold ornaments of family and bought the projector. To start with and to get further finance they used it to show films in theatres. They even showed some Hollywood films here. After several attempts, Anandrao was successful in converting the projector into a film camera. Baburao was also with him in this. Unfortunately, Anandrao died suddenly giving a set back to the project.

Baburao now needed finance to go ahead. Luckily a famous classical singer of those days, Tanibai Kagalkar – wife of Bapusaheb Kagalkar and the sister of Vinayakrao Ghorpade (who was the father of child actress and singer Vasanti), invested Rs. 15,000 – an astronomical figure for those times. Baburao established Maharashtra Film Company in Kolhapur and started preparations for making his film ‘Sairandhri’, released in 1919. The cast of this film included 2 women, Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi and Anusuya Bai aka Susheela Devi. These women were promptly thrown out of their homes and society. They remained with the company and even cooked and washed clothes of artistes, besides acting in the films other times. (This Gulab Bai aka Kamla Devi later posed for the symbol of Prabhat Film company- playing Tutari with bent body. She married Fattelal, one of the directors of Prabhat Films.)

‘Sairandhri’ was a tremendous success. Enthused Baburao Painter made another 15 films. Lokmanya Tilak was so impressed with Baburao’s dedication, he awarded him the title of ‘Cinema Kesari’. Baburao Pendharkar was the General Manager of the company, mainly because he could speak fluent English, with customers. Others were V Shantaram, Dhaiber, Damle and Fattelal as his assistants in different departments. Sarpotdar, NH Apte and Vashikar were the script writers and Prof NS Phadke, the novelist, wrote film titles. In 1920 second half, there was a big fire in the company and all films were burnt.

Baburao Painter started afresh in 1921. He made many mythological and historical films. Baburao was the first to make a social film, ‘Savkari Pash’ on the issue of exploitation of  poor farmers by money lenders in the villages. In 1928, a foreign trained film director was appointed from Bombay – Moti B Gidwani, on a fat salary. (He was later to direct the film ‘Khazanchi’ (1941) in Lahore). This caused unrest in the company and resulted in Shantaram, Dhaiber, Damle and Fattelal leaving the company. They established Prabhat Film Company. In 1930, Baburao also left Maharashtra Film company. When talkie films started he made 7 talkie films, including 2 Hindi films – ‘Pratibha’ (1937) and ‘Matwala Shaayar Ramjoshi’ (1947) along with Shantaram. He then left films and concentrated on his painting and sculpture. Baburao Painter died on 16-1-1954 at Kolhapur.

Baburao’s contribution to Indian film industry-

  1. He was the first to use coloured screens and clothes for realistic effect.
  2. Indoor filming with artificial lighting.
  3. Fade out and fade in techniques
  4. Outdoor shootings; Debaki Bose, in his visit to studio, was amazed to see Baburao’s working techniques.
  5. Making sketches of scenes and costumes before shooting.
  6. Advertising posters. film booklets with film story and pictures.

All assistants of Baburao painter became big people. He was simply a God sent gift to Hindi film industry.

‘Pratibha’ was also one of the 2 Hindi films in which the great classical singer of India, Hirabai Badodekar acted. The other film was ‘Suvarn Mandir’ (1934). She, however, sang 9 songs in 3 films, namely ‘Pratibha’,  ‘Lalat’ (1947) (‘Lalat’ was the debut film of Usha Kiron, who used her real name Usha Marathe in this film) and ‘Dolti Naiya’ (1950). The cast of the film was Durga Khote, K Datey, Miss Heera, Master Shyam, Hirabai, Nanasaheb Phatak, Vishupant Jog, Raja Paranjpe etc.

Nanasaheb Phatak was one of the greatest stage actor of Marathi dramas. He was called ‘Natwarya’ ( नटवर्य ), euphemism for “the greatest among actors”. This was the only Hindi film he ever acted in his lifetime. Raja Paranjpe (24.4.1910 – 9.2.1979), one of the big names in Marathi films later was in the making in the 30s. He acted in 15 Hindi films and also directed 5 Hindi films. ‘Pratibha’ was his first film as an actor. His last film was ‘Us Paar’ (1974).

Hirabai Badodekar (29-5-1905 to 20-11-1989) was the daughter of Ustad Abdul Kareem Khan and Tarabai aka Tahirabibi. She was never interested in acting in films, but she did it for Baburao Painter.

Ustad Abdul Karim Khan and Tarabai Mane, had fled from the city of Baroda to settle in Bombay after their affair was not accepted by the extended families. However, their fleeing away from their roots did not mean the end of the road to the music career that Hirabai Barodekar would eventually become a part of. According to archives in history, Tarabai Mane was the daughter of Sardar Maruti Rao Mane, one of the brothers of the Rajmata of Baroda. During her childhood years in the early 19th century, Tarabai Mane used to learn music from Ustad Abdul Karim Khan, who was a mere court musician in Baroda. The two gradually fell in love, a feeling that was not supported by any of the family members precisely because of the gap between their status and ranks in the society. The couple had no other option but to flee Baroda to settle in Bombay city. Tarabai Mane and Abdul Karim Khan married in Bombay and gave birth to five children, two sons and three daughters. The third child was named Champakali, who was later renamed to Hirabai Badodekar in her adult years.

After about 1920, Khansaheb became very busy with his many tasks and concert tours throughout India. As a result, he could not attend to the needs and music education of his children. Compounded with some household family problems, Tarabai decided to separate from him and left him in 1918. In the beginning, she stayed in Bombay for some time and then moved to Pune with her five children.

She decided to change their Muslim names. She was the daughter of Sardar Mane of Badoda state. She used Mane and Badodekar as the surnames. Badodekar was derived from the name of her native place whereas Mane was her surname before marrying Khan Saheb. Thus Abdul Rahman became Suresh (God of music notes) Babu Mane. Out of her 5 children, Champakali became Hirabai Badodekar, Sakina or Chhotu Tai became Saraswati Mane and after marriage Sarawati Rane. Tarabai opened up new music school ‘Nutan Sangeet Vidyalaya’ with Sureshbabu as a teacher along with other teachers and students. Sureshbabu also began to teach his sister Champakali (later Hirabai). However, they were all in their teens, and hence Tarabai persuaded and appointed uncle Abdul Wahid Khan as the teacher for children. Later on, with the help of Sawai Gandharva (Rambhau Kundgolkar) she opened up drama wing of Nutan Sangeet Vidyalaya. They staged several old and new drama and all brothers and sisters played various roles. Sureshbabu and Hirabai also played roles in Hindi and Marathi films during 1930s and 40s. Sureshbabu also composed music for films – ‘Sant Tulsidas’ (1934) and ‘Sach Hai’ (1939).

The training under her brother and uncle proved to be very beneficial for Hirabai Badodekar, and was soon able to perform for a larger audience. Her voice had always been praised and was a source of inspiration to many in her generation and subsequent generations to come. Hirabai Badodekar’s first step into the world of classical Hindustani music was in the year 1920 when she started performing in public concerts. It was the early 20th century and though women had already stepped out of their homes by this time, the idea of an Indian woman performing on the world stage was still a less heard concept. Therefore, Hirabai Badodekar was not only a renowned classical singer, she was also a pioneer in the field of classical singing by women on a world stage. She was the first woman to stage a ticketed concert in India. Needless to say, this drive popularized Hindustani classical music not only among connoisseurs of music, but also the common man in search of new entertainment opportunities.

Till today, classical music experts refer to Hirabai Badodekar’s voice as melodious and soulful. Her rendition of the ‘Taar Sa’ raga became the benchmark of her concerts. She was asked to perform the particular music in every concert appearance. The Kirana Gharana was already a very popular house of classical music during the 20th century and the success of Hirabai Badodekar only helped to make it more famous among the masses. She was an expert in the fields of khayal, thumri, bhajan and Marathi natya sangeet. Hirabai Badodekar’s career as a classical music singer did not remain enclosed within stage performances. It was only after a few years in stage singing that she started to work as a recording artist, largely responsible because of her growing popularity among the common man. After her phenomenal success as a recording artist, following her stint on the stage, Hirabai Barodekar came to be known as ‘Gaanhira’, a diamond in the world of singing.

Hirabai had participated in several plays during her early school years. The stage too was not a new place for her. Therefore, she progressed from being a classical music singer and recording artist to a film actress. Her career as a movie artist though was not as glorious as compared to the one in Hindustani classical music. Nevertheless her contribution to movies like ‘Janabai’, ‘Municipality’, ‘Suvarna Mandir’ and ‘Pratibha’ are still etched in history. Apart from a prosperous career in classical singing and a memorable one in movies, Hirabai also set up a music school for young girls to learn Hindustani classical music. Her school Nutan Sangeet Vidyalaya, was successful in popularizing the concept of classical music through the plays that it staged.

She became such a well known name in the field of classical Indian music that she was showered with a number of awards and prizes given to her by the Government of India. The highest honor which came her way was probably the offer to sing the national song Vande Mataram in the programme held in Red Fort on the 15th of August 1947, the day that India got its independence from the British. Her voice won her the title of ‘Gaansaraswati’ bestowed upon her by Jagadguru Shankaracharya. She was referred to as ‘Gaan Kokila’ by the nightingale herself, Sarojini Naidu. In the year 1953, she was one of the prominent members of a delegation which was sent from India to China and several countries across East Africa. The delegation performed to a world audience to present the cultural heritage of India. Over subsequent years, she became one of the most prominent classical singers that India had ever witnessed, with the government conferring the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award upon her in 1955 and Padma Bhushan, one of the highest civilian awards, in 1970.

She was successful in grooming a set of students who continued to contribute to the field of Hindustani classical music after her death. Prabha Atre is one of the most prominent students that Hirabai has left behind to carry on her legacy. Ever since 1992, the genius of Hirabai Badodekar has been celebrated through the Sureshbabu – Hirabai Smruti Sangeet Samaaroh, a music festival held every year in Mumbai.  She passed away on 20-11-1989.

‘Pratibha’ was a bilingual film – Hindi/Marathi – produced by Shalini Cinetone of Kolhapur. When Baburao Painter left Maharashtra Film Co., and others left to start Prabhat at Pune, the king of Kolhapur – Shahu Maharaj was disturbed. He wanted kolhapur to remain a hub of film production. He himself established Kolhapur Shalini Cinetone, mainly to keep Painter employed. Baburao, Bhalji Pendharkar and Master Vinayak also came back to make films here. After few films like ‘Akashvaani’ (1934), ‘Vilasi Ishwar’ (1935) (in Hindi it was ‘Nigaah e Nafrat’ (1935), a Debut film for Shobhana Shilotri, who became Shobhana Samarth later on), ‘Pratibha’ and Phalke’s only talkie film ‘Gangavataran’ (1937) (debut film of Leela Mishra aka Leela Mausi), ‘Gangavataran’ was made on lavish scale spending lot of money. However the film flopped and Kolhapur Shalini Cinetone was closed down forever.

The story of film ‘Pratibha’,

Poet Prasad (Datey) lives far from the city in a forest, enjoying only the company of wife Pratibha (Khote). The court poet Kaveeshwar (Phatak) of the neighbouring kingdom learns about his poetry and beautiful wife and invites them to his palace, promising glory and fame. Against Pratibha’s advise, Prasad  succumbs to the temptation, only to find that his poetry is plagiarized and his wife is harassed.

Baburao Painter excelled in this film shooting with his classical touch, deftly handling the crowd scenes etc. The highlight of the film was when Prasad and Pratibha leave the palace in a raging storm.

Here is a rare film song of Hirabai Badodekar from this film.

Here is a tribute to Baburao Painter on his Birth Anniversary.

(Credits – Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry, by Isak Mujawar, iloveindia.com, wiki, HFGK, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and my notes )


Song – Bharamuva Kaahe Pe Baawre (Pratibha) (1937) Singer – Hirabai Barodkar, Lyrics – Pt Anand Kumar, Music – Gobind Rao Tembe

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bhole manava
aa aa aaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bhole manava
aa aa aaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baa.aawre
bhole manava..aa..aa
bharamuva kaahe pe

rang birange. . .
aaa aaaa aaaa aaa
rang birange. . .
aaaaaa
aaaaaa aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaaaa
rang birange. . .
aaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaaaa
rang birange
aaa aaaa aaaa aaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaaaa
rang birange baag bageeche
hey
saaj sajeele sab phal mere (??)
bhole manava
aaa aaaa aaaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre

bharamuva kaahe pe baa..aawre
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bharamuva kaahe pe baa..aawre
bhole manava
aaa aaaa aaaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bharamuva kaahe pe baa..aawre
haaan aaaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bhole manava
aaa aaaa aaaa
haaan aaaa
haaan aaaa
bharamuva kaahe pe baawre
bhole manava

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भोले मनवा
आ आ आss
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भोले मनवा
आ आ आss
भरमवा काहे पे बा॰॰आ॰॰वरे
भोले मनवा॰॰आ॰॰आ
भरमवा काहे पे

रंग बिरंगे॰ ॰ ॰
आ आsss आss आs
रंग बिरंगे॰ ॰ ॰
आsss
आsss आss आs
आ आsss आss आs
रंग बिरंगे॰ ॰ ॰
आsss
आ आsss आss आs
रंग बिरंगे॰ ॰ ॰
आsss आss आs
आ आsss आss आs
रंग बिरंगे बाग बगीचे
हे
साज सजीले सब फल मेरे (??)
भोले मनवा॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आss आss
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे

भरमवा काहे पे बा॰॰आ॰॰वरे
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भरमवा काहे पे बा॰॰आ॰॰वरे
भोले मनवा
आsss आss आss
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भरमवा काहे पे बा॰॰आ॰॰वरे
हाँ’ आsss
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भोले मनवा
आsss आss आss
हाँ’ आsss
हाँ’ आsss
भरमवा काहे पे बावरे
भोले मनवा


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14384

Today is the fifteenth remembrance day for Anil Biswas, one of the pioneering music directors of film industry in India. He passed away on 31st May in New Delhi, in the year 2003. With his active years in the film industry (from 1935 to 1965) behind him, he had moved to Delhi by mid 1960s. Thereafter, he worked with the All India Radio in New Delhi, and was also associated with JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University).

As I am checking his filmography and the list of songs, as per the Geet Kosh, I come across a very interesting statistic. As per Geet Kosh, during his active years in the film industry from 1935 to 1965, he composed music for 82 films, of which three are unreleased films with songs available. The total of songs in these films comes to around 715.

Then I counted his body of work in the first six years of his career in films, i.e. from 1935 to 1940. Amazing to find out that in these first six years he has composed music for 25 films, logging in approximately 220 songs. This works out to be a tad over 30%, both in terms of number of films and total no. of songs composed. So in the first six years of his career (which is 20% of his career), he had already accomplished 30% of all the work that he would do for Hindi films. And now to the sad part of these numbers. Of these 220 songs, more than half i.e. 137 were not even released on gramophone records (as per Geet Kosh listings). Of the remaining shortlisted songs, just about 80 to 85 songs are available in public domain. This last number is as per my knowledge of available songs within the known circle of collectors – this number could be more.

A large part of this work from those six earliest years remains unknown and unheard – a sad commentary on the state of affairs of archiving and preservation efforts in the industry.

In remembrance of this doyen of music directors, I present this rare song today, which has an important distinction. As per the Geet Kosh listings, this most likely the earliest song that he has sung, under his own music direction, that is available. The Geet Kosh lists one earlier solo credited to him as a singer, for the film ‘Dharam Ki Devi’ of 1935, which was probably never released on gramophone record. This song from the 1936 film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ apparently is his earliest recorded song that is available in public domain. It is a duet in which the accompanying voice is of Sardar Akhtar.

The film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ was produced under the banner of Golden Eagle Movietone, which, very interestingly, is listed as being based in Sindh. The region of Sindh could mean Karachi, but I am not sure about it. The film was directed by Heeren Bose. The cast of actors is listed as Sardar Akhtar, Pramod Chandra, Krishna Kumari, Merwan Irani, D Manik, Ashalata, Vasu HK, Sheila, Agha Jaan, Bannerjee, Niranjan Singh, Mehar Banu, and Anil Biswas himself. Now this throws up interesting question whether Anil Da is singing for himself on screen. The year is 1936, and the playback mechanism is just beginning to get a foothold in the industry. He could be singing for himself, since he is listed as an actor. Or he could be singing for someone else – being the last name in the listing generally implies a role with less importance. Once again, I cannot be sure.

Another interesting tidbit here. The cast of actors also contains the name Ashalata. This could well be the first film that they worked on together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please comment on this observation.

The lyricist credits are listed as Munshi Zahiruddin, Niranjan Singh, and Meerabai (one of the songs in the film is a bhajan credited to her). The uploader of this song on YT, Shri Shalin Bhatt, identifies Munshi Zahiruddin as the writer of this song.

The song itself does not have too many wordy lines. There are passages of laughter and pauses. The song appears to be an exchange between a lady and a gentleman, having some good time together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to kindly add more information about this film and this song, if available.

With this rare and uniquely important song, the blog pays its homage to Anil Da, on this anniversary of his passing away.

[Auth Note: Some translations,
“sahn e baag” = open space, compound containing a garden
“abr e bahaar” = clouds of spring; or clouds of good season
“baadaah e khvaar” = one who drinks liquor]

[Ed Note: The song is uploaded on YT by Shalin Bhatt ji.]

Song – Saaqi Ho, Sahn e Baag Ho  (Piya Ki Jogan) (1936) Singer – Anil Biswas, Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics – Munshi Zahiruddin, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

haa haa haa haa
haa haa haa haa
he he he

saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

pehlu mein tum hamaare
ae sanam
baadah e khvaar
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa

bas
itna hi
. . .
aur kuchh
. . .
ab suno

saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho
ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हे हे हे

साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

पहलू में तुम हमारे
ए सनम
बाद ए खार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

बस
इतना ही
॰ ॰ ॰
और कुछ
॰ ॰ ॰
अब सुनो

सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो
इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3564 Post No. : 14287

Today’s song is from the film ‘Kisaan Kanya’ from 1937. This movie is famous for being the first indegenuously made colour film of India, by Ardeshir Irani’s Imperial Film Company. Film pioneer Irani was also the first to make an international co-production, with Italy – the film ‘Nala Damayanti’ – a silent film of 1920. Secondly, and more importantly, he also holds the honour of making and releasing India’s first talkie film ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931. And with film ‘Kisaan Kanya’, he achieved a hat trick of ‘First in India’ credit in film making.

Ardeshir Irani was very keen to become the first to make a talkie film in India. He knew that Madon Theatres of Calcutta too were busy in making their first talkie film, with two popular stars of the day. Irani hastened the speed of his shootings and recordings. Lot of secrecy was maintained in filming the movie. From his secret sources in Calcutta, he was getting information on the progress of Madon Theatres’ film in making. He came to know that their film was to have about 20 songs in the film. Irani decided to limit the number of songs in his film to save on time. Now they would have only 7 songs. Thus he saved on many days of shootings and recordings. His film, ‘Alam Ara’ was released on 14-3-1931. Madon could only release their first talkie film ‘Shirin Farhad’ on 30-5-1931, two and a half months later !

Similarly, Irani studied why Prabhat’s first colour film ‘Sairandhri’ from 1933 failed technically. So when he planned ‘Kisaan Kanya’, he decided to do all technical processes in India. Thus his colour film came out much better than Prabhat’s film. Ashok Raj, in his book ‘Hero-I’, writes the following about Ardeshir Irani.

Irani perhaps was the world’s first multilingual film maker, having made forays into English, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Persian, Burmese, Indonesian and Pushto. He is credited with launching the talkie era in countries like Burma, Indonesia and Iran. He made nearly 120 talkies in a span of just 8 years. He was also the first to establish a colour laboratory imported from Hollywood.

The first song from ‘Kisaan Kanya’ has recently been discussed on our blog, by our Sadanand Kamath ji, so I will not go into its details like story etc. Instead, I will discuss about 3 important persons connected with this film – namely Master Nisar, Padma Devi and Ram Gopal Pande.

Master Nisar was the most popular hero of the early talkie films. He was also one of the most highly paid stars of that era. His popularity was such – it is said that once due to a very large crowd gathered to see him, the Governor of Bengal was forced to divert his car to another road ! When Master Nisar went to Nashik for shooting Bhavnani’s film, he had to be kept closed in a room of his hotel to avoid his fans and hunters from other film companies, who would try to abduct him ! This same person, who enjoyed fame, name, money and fan following once, had to spend his last days in misery, poverty, neglect and pitiable conditions in a one room tenement in a Kamathipura chawl with few aluminum pots and a box full of photographs. During his heydays, he had learnt the art of massaging, as a hobby. This very art came to his help in his last days and he used to work as a masseur and earn few rupees sometimes.

Film historian Isak Mujawar has written in his book ‘Flashback-II’ about several instances of his later years. Here are two of them. When film ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ (1953) was being made, Bimal Roy wanted a masseur for a scene in which the Zamindar (Ulhas) is getting a body massage. Bimal da asked his the then manager Jugal Kishore (who later on became an actor, director and producer) to bring a masseur having solid physique. When Jugal Kishore brought  a very thin, emaciated looking person, Bimal da was very upset. When Jugal Kishore told him that he was Master Nissar, Bimal da was moved and gave him the role.

Those who have seen film ‘Guddi’ (1971), there is a scene in which a lanky, thin person is massaging Om Prakash. Dharmendra tells Guddi, “Do you know who he is ? Master Nissar, one time a great actor who was popular and very rich. Film line is such that riches to rags stories are very common here”. In his final days, Nisar was seen begging on roads.

Nissar Ali Mohammed Ali was born on 5-3-1902 in Delhi. His uncle brought him to Bhopal, when he was 10 year old. Nisar started singing and acting in his uncle’s drama company for Rs. 15 pm. He learnt music from Pt. Betab and Ustaad Jhande Khan. After few roles of girls and heroines, he got a hero’s role in Agha Hashr Kashmiri’s dramas, due to his good looks, fluent Urdu and singing skill.

He joined Madon Theatres for their dramas. When Madon decided to make their drama ‘Shirin Farhad’ into a talkie film, their first choice for hero was Nisar. Jahan Ara Kajjan was called from Bhagalpur, Bihar for the heroine’s role. The pair became very popular. People became mad after Nisar’s songs. The pair proved to be a gold mine They acted in 8 films together. Their songs became a rage all over India.

Master Nisar shifted to Bombay and joined Bhavnani Films at a salary of Rs. 3000 pm, a princely sum in those days. He was the first person in the industry to own a Rolls Royce car. His heroines were many like Padma Devi, Zebunnisa, Bibbo, Haseena, Sardar Akhtar, Kanta etc. He also acted in India’s first home made colour film ‘Kisaan Kanya’ (1937). This was also his last film as a hero. In the wake of the rise of Saigal, Ashok kumar, Surendra etc., in comparison his acting was very theatrical and it paled before the newer heroes. He shifted to character roles after being a hero in 45 films. In all, he appeared in 75 films during his career. The situation came that he would take whatever role came his way.

Master Nisar married 4 times. His first wife served him lovingly till the end. He survived by doing small and sometimes even un-credited roles like extras. He was friendly with Dilip Kumar, so he got small roles in his films. His style suited qawwaalis and he featured in many well known films like ‘Azaad’, ‘Barsat Ki Ek Raat’ etc. He is seen as the on screen lead singer in the qawwaali “Aaj Kyon Hum Se Parda Hai” in the film ‘Sadhna’ (1958). The writer of the qawwaali, Sahir Ludhianvi, came across Master Nisar, begging on the roadside. On recognizing him, he immediately hugged him, and took him to the office of BR Films. He introduced him to BR Chopra, and got him the role.

Nisar was a religious person and performed Namaaz five times a day. He had no bad habits like smoking or drinking or gambling, still he spent life in penury. Being a self respecting person, he never asked for roles from anyone. Born poor, lived rich and died poor. Master Nisar died on 13-7-1980. It is said that his neighbours collected money for his burial.

One of Master Nisar’s heroines was Padma Devi in some films. She was a Bengali actress named Neelima. She made her debut in silent films with ‘Sea God’, a 1931 production from Saroj Films. She acted in about 15 silent films. While moving to the talkie films, she had difficulty with her diction and singing in Hindi language. But she overcame this with grit and determination, and learnt all this. She did all this while working in films like ‘Laal e Yaman’, ‘Kurukshetra’, ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ etc. (all films from 1933).

She was introduced to Baburao Patel and in no time they became ‘special friends’. Baburao cast her as a heroine in 4 films in his own Gandharva Cinetone company. She became a part of his office and personal life too. However after Susheela Rani’s entry as Baburao’s secretary, she was pushed first aside and then outside. She returned to Calcutta in 1946 and appeared in many films in character roles. She returned to Bombay in 1961 and was seen in smaller roles in Hindi films till late 1970s. Her last film seems to be in 1979.

The music for ‘Kisaan Kanya’ was composed by Ram Gopal Pande, who was variously credited as RG Pande, Ram Gopal, Ram Gopal Pandey etc. He hailed from UP. After unsuccessfully trying to become a singer, he became assistant to many well known composers and learned their methods. His first break came in 1936 with ‘Matwaali Jogan’ aka ‘A Girl From Lahore’ (directed by K Amarnath). Then he was called by Ardeshir Irani at Imperial Film Company for their first colour film. Master Nisar and Padma Devi’s songs became popular, so he was given two more films viz., ‘Mere Laal’ (1937) and ‘Vasant Bangalee’ (1938).

Then in 1938, came Mother India, ‘Actress Kyon Bani’ (1939), ‘Flying Rani’ (1939), ‘Perfect Man’ (1938), Daughters of India’ (1939) and ‘Chalti Duniya’ (1940). He was then connected with Mohan Pictures and did 10 movies for them. His last film seems to be ‘Angoorbala’ in 1947. He was left behind as his music was stage and drama type only – he did not change his style.

Today’s song is First song of Master Nisar on our blog making a debut as a singer. After hearing his singing, one can get an idea about the public taste in the early 1930s and one wonders how they became so popular. One incident of his popularity – In 1954-55, when Master Nisar was in Coimbtore for shooting of film ‘Azaad’ (1955), he along with others went to the market for shopping. There they met one lady and talk started about songs of early era. She said, “I used to like Master Nisar’s songs, but after he died, I gave up listening to songs.” All were stunned. Then Master Nisar introduced himself to her. She was so pleased that she invited all the visitors from Bombay for a party in Nisar’s honour, with the promise that in return, he had to sing for her!

Let us now enjoy Master Nisar and Padma Devi song from ‘Kisaan Kanya’. It was uploaded by Shalin Bhatt ji only on 16th March 2018. Thanks, Shalin ji.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from ‘Beete Huye Kal Ke Sitaare’ by Shri Shriram Tamrakar, ‘Hero-1’ by Ashok Raj, Isak Mujavar’s books, Prof. Yadav’s book, muVyz, chiloka.com, HFGK, Listener’s Bulletin, Encyclopedia of Indian Films and my own notes.]

 


Song – Aisa Nagar Basaaya Jis Mein Swarg Utar Kar Aaya (Kisan Kanya) (1937) Singer – Padma Devi, Master Nissar, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Ram Gopal Pandey
Both

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya

aisa nagar basaaya

jahaan subeh ki kirnen aa kar
sona hans barsaayen
yahaan pe pahunche
premi bhanware
amar geet nit gaayen
chahun or sunehri gun paaya hum ne
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya

is soney ke preet nagar ke
hum donon hain bhikhaari
jab tak suraj chaand rahenge
tab tak preeti hamaari
aisa vardaan hai paaya hum ne
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया

ऐसा नगर बसाया

जहां सुबह की किरणें आ कर
सोना हंस बरसाएँ
यहाँ पे पहुंचे प्रेमी भँवरे
अमर गीत नित गायें
चहुं ओर सुनहरी गुण पाया हम ने
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया

इस सोने के प्रीत नगर के
हम दोनों हैं भिखारी
जब तक सूरज चाँद रहेंगे
तब तक प्रीति हमारी
ऐसा वरदान है पाया हम ने
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3556 Post No. : 14263

Today’s song is from a rare film of the early talkie era – ‘Baala Joban’ from 1934. The film was produced by Gandharva Cinetone – a company owned by Baburao Patel, who also directed this film.

The name of Baburao Patel is known to every lover of old Hindi films, but as a political commentator and a member of parliament, he is known to others. From the mid 1930s to the 80s he was a name synonymous with daredevil journalism, superb quality English writing and an active life style. Add to it several marriages and countless children by legitimate relationships and otherwise.

Baburao Pandurang Patil (he is a ‘Marathi Manoos’ and not a Gujarati) was born on 4-4-1904, in Masvan village, about 100 kms from Bombay, in Palghar district, in a Vanzara ( Banjara) community. His birth date is a strange confluence of numbers. The date is written as 4-4-4. Also, if we take the total of the digits written as 4-4-1904, it also adds up to the number 4 only.

When he was 4 year old, his mother passed away, and his father remarried. Subsequently the family shifted to Bombay. He was put in an English medium school. However he did not complete his matriculation. Lack of formal education always pinched him in life and he always respected highly educated people. He compensated by avidly reading books on philosophy, religion, politics and medicine, and gained an excellent command over spoken and written English language.

After doing many petty jobs, in 1926 he joined ‘Cinema Samachar’, a film magazine in Hindi, English and Urdu languages. He never knew when he entered the film world and became a script writer and a director. He established his own banner ‘Gandharva Cinetone’ and made 5 films as a director – ‘Kismat’ (a silent film from 1931), ‘Sati Mahananda’ (1933), ‘Maharani’ (1934), ‘Baala Joban’ (1934) and ‘Pardesi Sainyan’ (1935). Later in life, he directed two more films with wife Susheela Rani Patel as the heroine – ‘Draupadi’ in 1944 and ‘Gwaalan’ in 1946.

He joined DN Parkar, who owned New Jack printing press and who was publishing a house magazine ‘Prabhat’ for Prabhat Films. He then started his own magazine ‘FILM INDIA’ in April 1935, at a price of 4 annas (annual 3 rupees). From the very first issue, it was printed on high quality art paper. The cover image of the first issue featured a hand painting of actress and novelist Nalini Tarkhud, from film ‘Chandrasena’. There were many ads in the magazine, which promised ”honest journalism and constructive criticism”, though in later issues his criticism was incisive, insulting and quite daring. The cine industry feared his reviews, but readers adored him. Khwaja Ahmed Abbas, the famous writer and film director was also on his staff, and looked after the magazine when Baburao was travelling.

In all these twists and turns of life, his surname became Patel instead of Patil. He continued with it. He hurt many of his fellow film makers and actors. In one case, Shanta Apte is on record having gone to his office and beaten him with a whip, for his defamatory and derogatory remarks in the magazine.

Baburao married 3 times. His first marriage took place when he was studying. The second was with Shirin and the third was with his ex-secretary Sushila Rani Tombat – a very good looking Konkani singer and dancer.

Sidharth Bhatia has written a book titled ‘The Patels of Film India’. Noted author Manto also wrote extensively on Baburao. Bhatia writes – ‘Baburao had an eloquence and power of writing. He had a sharp humour, often barbed. There was a tough guy assertiveness with his venomous pen’. Baburao called Kalpana Kartik “pigeon busted”, Suraiya “Ugly”, and Dev Anand “effiminate”. Meena kumari was “. . .like an inverted shuttle cock”.

His magazine celebrated 50 years in 1985. Baburao became MP from Madhya Pradsh in 1967 on a ticket from the erstwile Jansangh party. One good quality of Baburao was that he was very kind to the poor and helpless people. Baburao Patel died on 4-9-1982.

The cast of the film ‘Baala Joban’ is listed as Padma Devi (a fixture in all Baburao’s films and a personal ‘special friend’), Mubarak, Gulab, Shirin Bano (she later married director Nanubhai Bhatt; Mahesh bhatt is her son), Madhukar Gupte, Nandu Khote (stage and silent film actor; father of Shubha Khote, brother in law of Durga Khote), Raja Pandit, Badri Prasad etc.

Besides acting in the film, Badri Prasad was also the music director of this film. It was his debut film as a music director. He is a wonder in the annals of Hindi film history. There is no other known person in the history who was an actor, lyricist, singer, music director, producer, director and a choreographer- all at same time in his career. He was simply unique. There was no one else like him.

As an actor he has appeared in 147 films. I remember him in ‘Albela’ (1951) as Bhagwan’s father, in ‘Bhaagam Bhaag’ (1954) as Shashikala’s uncle, as the missing father of Nalini Jaywant in film ‘Hum Sab Chor Hain’ (1956), and as the wheelchair confined father of Zahida in ‘Anokhi Raat’ (1968).

As a singer, he has sung 11 songs in 7 films. As a music director, he has 16 films to his credit – ‘Baala Joban’, ‘Vishnu Bhakti’, ‘Fashionable India’, ‘Romantic India’, ‘Zambo The Ape Man’, ‘Swaraaj Ke Sipaahi’, ‘Badhe Chalo’, ‘Yangrilla’, ‘Himalay Ki Beti’, ‘Double Cross’, ‘Zambo Ka Beta’, ‘Jhoothi Sharam’, ‘Anuradha’, ‘Vanmala’, ‘Madhusudan’ and ‘Zevar’.

He has one film to his credit as a lyricist, one as a producer and one as a director. As a choreographer he has done 52 films – from ‘Namoona’ (1949) to ‘Raaj Nartaki’ (1991).

Badri Prasad was born on 14-11-1902, in Benaras, UP. He started acting in Ramleela in the Bhelpura area in Benaras. From there he reached Calcutta, spent time at New Theatres and other studios and then landed in Bombay in 1932. His first film as actor was ‘Navchetan’ (1932).

Then he worked as an assistant to some composers and gave music independently first time to ‘Baala Joban’. His last film as a composer was ‘Zevar’ in 1942.

Then he continued his career, working in character roles. In 1949 he first did choreography in ‘Namoona’ (1949). After for the next 40 years he choreographed in till his last film.  His last film as an actor is ‘Dhoop Chhaon’ from 1997 – an active acting career that spans a period of 44 years.

As a composer many famous singers sang for him, like Amirbai  Karnataki, Noorjehan, Snehlata, Shyamsunder, Radharani, Sarla Devi, Ameena, Gauhar, E Rama Rao, Ramanand, Vatsala Kumthekar , Vimla Kumari, Iqbal Bibi etc.

Badriprasad was a learned man with command over Hindi, Urdu, English and Sanskrit. He wrote many plays for AIR also. He had a very big collection of books in his house. He was called Pandit Badriprasad,due to his expertise in Sanskrit. He was a man of few words, so his fabulous career remained unknown and he was known only as a character artist.

He had 2 daughters. One daughter Surekha Pandit remained with him till his death. Surekha too is an actress, doing bit roles in films – ‘Anupama’, ‘Mere Sanam’, ‘Nartaki’, ‘Gaban’, ‘Sant Gyaneshwar’, ‘Mere Huzur’, ‘Aadmi Aur Insaan’, ‘Saat Hindustani’, ‘Do Dooni Chaar’, ‘Shehar Aur Sapna’, ‘Aarti’ etc. After marriage she was known as Surekha Parkar.

The singer for today’s song is Marutirao Pehelwan. He has also acted in this movie. He was originally from Kolhapur. In the early era of talkie films, many wrestlers joined film companies. They worked mostly in action films. Some such actors were Baburao Pehelwan (he was the hero of Master Bhagwan’s stunt films; later on worked as a stuntman with fight master Azim Bhai), Vasantrao Pehelwan (he was the one who brought Indurani from Poona to Bombay; was a popular villain in stunt films), Nandram Pehelwan (very popular in silent films but fell on bad days in the talkie era), Sadiq Pehelwan, Maane Pehelwan, Amir Khan Pehelwan etc.

Marutirao Pehelwan was different. He was handsome, tall, well built, could act and sing well. He was selected for the hero’s role in first Gujarati talkie film ‘Narsi Mehata’ (1932), made by Sagar Movietone. He acted as hero and other roles in about 40 films and sang songs too. His first Hindi film was ‘Lanka Dahan’ (1933) and last his film was ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942).

He married his co-star of many films – Tara (sister of Sitara Devi and Alaknanda). They left films and settled in Dhule, Maharashtra. Marutirao started a dairy business there. Famous dancer Gopi Krishna was their son.
[Author’s Note: From 1946, there was another comedian actor named Maruti, active in Hindi films. Initially, he too was billed as Marutirao, creating confusion. He was the father of comedienne Guddi Maruti.]

Today’s song is a Folk song of Rajasthan. It is in Marwari language. Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji has uploaded this song as the ‘first Marwaari song in Hindi films”. On my email inquiry, he has kindly informed me that in this folk song, the wife is telling her husband (aali ja) that ‘bichhuda‘ (scorpion) has bitten her and she wants to go to her ‘peehar‘ (father’s house) now. I am very much thankful to him for this rare song.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from books by Sidharth Bhatia, Saadat Manto, Isak Mujawar, Vithal Pandya, Biren Kothari (book on Sagar Movietone), Sanjit Narwekar, scroll.in, HFGK, Encyclopedia of Indian Films and my own notes.]

[Ed Note: Thanks to Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji (of Jodhpur), who helped to decipher the correct lyrics.]


Song – Bichhudo Ri Ghaali Peehar Chaali Saa, Aali Jaa (Baala Joban) (1934) Singer – Marutirao Pehalwan, Lyrics – Traduitional, Music – Badri Prasad Manik

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

bichhudo ri ghaali peehar chaali saa
aali jaa
bichhudo ri ghaali peehar chaali saa
aali jaa
lehardaar beechhudo
naina ro lobhi beechhudo
ghansaagar mhaaro beechhudo

haan laladi sar daabe poochho thaake saa
aali jaa
laladi sar daabe poochho thaake saa
aali jaa
lehardaar beechhudo
naina ro lobhi beechhudo
ghansaagar mhaaro bee. . .

beechhoda naina par bichhudo lad gayo saa
aali jaa
beechhoda naina par bichhudo lad gayo saa
aali jaa
lehardaar beechhudo
naina ro lobhi beechhudo
ghansaagar mhaaro beechhudo

bambai jaavo to motor laajo saa
aali jaa
bambai jaavo to motor laajo saa
aali jaa
lehardaar beechhudo
naina ro lobhi beechhudo
ghansaagar mhaaro beechhudo

bichhude ri ghaali peehar chaali saa
aali jaa
lehardaar beechhudo
naina ro lobhi beechhudo

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

बीछुड़े री घाली पीहर चाली सा
आली जा
बीछुड़े री घाली पीहर चाली सा
आली जा
लहरदार बीछुड़ो
नैणा रो लोभी बीछुड़ो
घनसागर म्हारो बीछुड़ो

हाँ ललड़ी सर दाबे पूछो थाके सा
आली जा
ललड़ी सर दाबे पूछो थाके सा
आली जा
लहरदार बीछुड़ो
नैणा रो लोभी बीछुड़ो
घनसागर म्हारो बी॰ ॰ ॰

बिछोड़ा नैना पर बीछुड़ो लड़गयो सा
आली जा
बिछोड़ा नैना पर बीछुड़ो लड़गयो सा
आली जा
लहरदार बीछुड़ो
नैणा रो लोभी बीछुड़ो
घनसागर म्हारो बीछुड़ो

बम्बई जावो तो मोटर लाजो सा
आली जा
बम्बई जावो तो मोटर लाजो सा
आली जा
लहरदार बीछुड़ो
नैणा रो लोभी बीछुड़ो
घनसागर म्हारो बीछुड़ो

बिछुड़े री घाली पीहर चाली सा
लहरदार बीछुड़ो
नैणा रो लोभी बीछुड़ो


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3541 Post No. : 14215

Today’s song is from the film ‘Asiai Sitara’ (1937) aka ‘Star Of Asia’.

The film was made by Harshad and Jagtap. It was distributed by Wadia Movietone. The director was Haribhai Desai, the music was by Master Mohammed and the lyricist was Pt. Anuj. The film cast was master Vithal, Jenabai Pawar, Minoo the Mystique, Vasant pehelwan, Master Dhulia etc.

After the initial surge of the films made on mythology, parsi fantasies and folk tales, the adventurous film makers moved on to make films on social issues, comedy, stunts, social reforms, history, love stories and religious personalities. From 1935, the rise of stunt films in talkie version (thanks to Fearless Nadia) gave rise to a genre, which lasted till the 1950’s. After that, it faded to a natural death. Nowadays, all the heroes do the stunts themselves, but their films are not called stunt films.

However, the audience, which was accustomed to films of fantasy, costume and folk tales, still existed, so on and off such films too were made by older film makers. The film ‘Asiai Sitara’ was also one such costume film. This was a film originally made by Haribhai Desai of Surya Film Company, Bangalore, as a silent film in 1932. In those days, Bangalore was the main city in South Circuit, so many big film distributors (mostly Gujaratis) had their offices in Bangalore. After the demise of silent films, most of them closed their distribution offices and jumped into talkie film making in Bombay. Some prominent distributors were, Dr. Ambalal Patel and Chimanlal Desai (started Sagar Movietone), Ramniklal Shah (started Mohan Pictures, Ramnik Films etc.) and Haribhai Raghunath ji Desai (started Surya Film Company in Bangalore itself).

The story of Haribhai Desai is very interesting. He was born in a very wealthy family of a village near Kutch area of Gujarat. He was very intelligent and completed his graduation in Bombay. The silent film industry was developing very fast. Haribhai decided to jump into it. To get his fundamentals strong, he went to America and did his graduation from New York Institute of Cinematography. Coming back to India, he took up a job as a manager in Laxmi Pictures and later in Suvarna Pictures of Poona. With this experience and few distribution contracts, Haribhai landed in Bangalore and set up his shop as a distributor.

Very shortly, in 1929, he established his own film production company – Surya Film Company at Bangalore, which was his main aim in life. He went to Kolhapur, hunting for talent. Kolhapur was an important film making centre in those times. There, he found Ganapatrao Baakre (गणपतराव बाकरे) –  a very handsome, well built wrestler and a daredevil stunt actor working in Baburao Painter’s  Maharashtra Film Co. He also noticed another very good looking young man, with good physique, working in stunt films for free (he was from a rich family). He was Zunzar Rao Pawar  झुंझार राव पवार). His real name was DK Pawar, but was called by this name after his role in a successful company. Haribhai needed  good and well known actors. He lured them with higher salaries and brought them to Bangalore. Ganpat Rao was paid Rs.1000 pm in those days.

Production of silent films started rapidly. Their first film was ‘Raj Hriday’ (1929). It was released in four theatres in Bombay in October 1929. The publicity of this film was handled by Kikubhai Desai (father of Manmohan Desai). Film pamphlets were showered on Bombay city from an aeroplane, as an advertisement gimmick! No doubt the film ran to houseful audiences in all theatres. In a very short time both actors from Kolhapur became very popular and famous. Surya Films made about 40 silent films.

Meanwhile Zunzar Rao Pawar fell in love with an Anglo-Indian girl – Jena Lawson, who was looking for an entry in films. They got married and she became Jenabai Pawar. Haribhai was not the one to lose such opportunities. He made two films with Jenabai Pawar as a heroine. The first was ‘The Hawk’ (aka ‘Baaz Bahadur’, 1931) and the other was ‘Asiai Sitara’ (1932). She did not work in more films. Soon Baakre and Pawar family returned to Kolhapur, after four years in Bangalore.

When the silent era ended and talkie films flourished, Haribhai closed Surya Films and went to Bombay. There, he remade his two successful silent films, made with Jenabai Pawar, as talkie films, with the same heroine. ‘Baaz Bahadur’ was made in 1936 and ‘Asiai Sitara’ was made in 1937. Now that these were talkie films, Jenabai also sang in the film. She sang four songs in each film. Considering she was not Indian, the songs were reasonably good. Earlier the silent films had Ganapat Rao Baakre as the hero, now in talkie films, Master Vithal was the hero.

Master Vithal (1906-1969) was the first superstar of silent films. He also has the credit of being the hero of the first talkie film of India ‘Aalam Ara’ (1931). He got this role only because of his un-paralleled popularity in silent films. He was the first ‘Angry Young Man’ of Indian cinema in the 1920s and the 1930s. His films were full of stunts, fighting and daredevil acts. Master Vithal was very handsome with a very muscular physique. He was the ideal of many aspiring young actors like Bhagwan.

So, when Bhagwan became stunt film hero and a director, his ardent wish was to act with Master Vithal or direct him. By 1940, Master Vithal was almost a gone actor, with very few Hindi films. So when Bhagwan got him to act in his film ‘Naghma e Sehra’ (1945), both Bhagwan and his close friend C Ramchandra were extremely excited. CR not only gave music to this film, but also did playback singing for Master Vithal and fulfilled his wish.

Today’s generation has no idea what position Master Vithal held in the minds of Indian audience in those days. Stunt films were very popular and Master Vithal, with his handsome looks, muscular physique and daredevil stunts was extremely popular. I am perhaps one of the very few remaining now, who has seen his film. I only remember one scene from that film, in which Master Vithal jumps from a tree onto an open car, fights with the goons and takes away the heroine, who promptly embraces him. I neither remember the name of the film nor of the heroine. She might be Zebunnisa.

Master Vithal (Vithal Raghunath Desai) made his début on the stage as a child artist with Raja Pur Natak Mandali. He then started his career as a film editor with Maharashtra Films, Kolhapur which was owned by Baburao Painter. His first film role was as a female dancer in ‘Kalyancha Khajina’, a silent era film directed by Painter. He continued to work as film editor and a dancer and played minor roles in films. His first break as a male lead was in the film ‘Ratna Manjari’ (1926) produced by Sharda Studios, which he had joined earlier in 1925. After ‘Ratna Manjari’, he was a permanent fixture in the role of a hero and he was the star attraction of the films from Sharda Studios.

Sharda Studios was owned by Nanubhai Desai, Anand Prasad Kapoor and Harshadrai Mehta.  Nanubhai Desai was the studio founder and director of many stunt films produced by the company in which Vithal appeared in swashbuckling roles with Zebunnisa as his heroine. A professional wrestler, he became a very popular fearless hero acting in films on historical themes related to Rajasthan and Maharashtra; thus giving him the title ‘the Indian Douglas Fairbanks, a title Vithal hated. Audience adored him in his stunt hero role, which became his ‘forte’. By 1930, he was the highest paid male star in Indian cinema industry.

In 1930, Vithal’s popularity in stunt films attracted Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company to invite him to join his company to make India’s first talkie, though Mehboob Khan was also vying for the role. Vithal, who was quite excited by Irani’s offer, accepted and moved to Irani’s newly formed film company Sagar Studios in Bombay, breaking his contract with Sharda Studios, only by few days. Nanubhai Desai was furious and he kidnapped Master Vithal. He was kept a captive, forcing him to extend the contract with Sharda Films. When Irani came to know this, he went to the court against Sharda films. Eminent lawyers like Setalwad and Mohmmed Ali Jinnah were employed by the litigating parties.

When the case started in the court, the judge asked Master Vithal, where he would like to join. That time Sharada was paying him Rs. 300 pm. Master Vithal replied that whichever company gave him more salary, he would join them. After this, there was an auction in the court and sums were spelt for master Vithal. Imperial Film company won when they offered Rs. 1200 pm as salary. The judge gave his judgement and Master Vithal joined Imperial. Thus he became the first actor to get a four figure salary in Indian Films. He was also the first actor in the industry, to own a car. After losing Master Vithal, Sharada Film company wanted a replacement for him.  They appointed P. Jairaj, an upcoming handsome and muscular actor, on a salary of Rs. 100 pm!

The following year, Master Vithal played the hero in the first Indian talkie ‘Aalam Ara’ with Zubeida as the female lead. ‘Alam Ara’ was also the first film in which music was introduced, as many as seven music scores were part of the film. As his Hindi diction was poor, he could not deliver the dialogues properly; his acting quality in histrionic roles was also questioned. He was  shown mostly in a state of trance or semi consciousness in the film and hardly had any dialogue. It is said that Vithal could not adopt himself to the new genre of talking-singing films in Hindi as he was “reduced to a hero who is (was) magically struck dumb in Alam Ara”. In 1932, he did some more silent films, which were no longer preferred by the audience. The talkies led to the decline of his career in Hindi films. Vithal would never get a major role in Hindi films again. From 1934 onward, he started doing some Marathi films realizing his limitations. From the 1940s onward, he regularly appeared in films by Bhalji Pendharkar and those featuring Lalita Pawar and Durga Khote. He also played in a side role in the 1944 blockbuster film ‘Ramshashtri’Towards the end, he played only minor roles in Marathi films; his last film appearance was in 1966.

A lot has been said about his inability to speak Urdu dialogues and there is a popular myth, that after ‘Aalam Ara’, he did not get any talkie film and he left the Bombay film industry for Kolhapur to continue his career in Marathi films. Nothing can be farther from truth, because not only Master Vithal was cast as a hero in another talkie film, by Imperial Film Company itself – ‘Anangsena’ (1931), but many other well known production houses like Wadia, Mohan, Pradeep, BK Dave, Ranjit etc. engaged him for talkie films.

However, Master Vithal who was not very comfortable with Urdu dialogues, was no more interested in doing Hindi films anymore, so he did films very selectively. He acted in 8 silent films till 1934 and 16 talkie Hindi films till 1946. He even gave music to a film ‘Kashmir Ki Kali’ (1946), and also acted in it. All this after ‘Aalam Ara’.

Master Vithal is in history books as the first hero of the first Hindi talkie film and also has to his credit the introduction of a double role (by Shahu Modak) in a Bilingual film ‘Aawaara Shehzada’ (1933), which he directed (‘Autghatkecha Raja’ in Marathi). Master Vithal himself was the first to do a double role in silent film,’Prisoner of Love’ (aka ‘Raj Tarang’, 1927), made by Sharada Films.

Master Vithal acted in a total of 92 films – Hindi, Marathi, talkie and silent. He also directed two talkie films – one each in Hindi and Marathi. In one of his interviews, he regretted his decision to shift to Kolhapur in 1946 permanently as, he felt, this reduced his Hindi film participation. He had constructed a big chawl in Kolhapur and in his retirement years, he lived on its rental income. He died in 1969.

Haribhai Desai did not do anymore Hindi films. He was active in Gujarati films as a writer and director. He even made a Telugu film as a director. The film was ‘Bhaktimala’ (1941). It was made on the theme of Devdasi tradition of Maharashtra, where maidens are married to God. Actress P Bhanumathi did the main role. The film proved to be a great hit in south and remakes in southern languages were also made. This is considered a milestone movie in Telugu films.

‘Asiai Sitara’ has 8 songs. This song is sung by Master Dhulia, a famous Gujarati folk singer of repute. This song was composed as a parody of Saigal’s famous song “Balam Aaye Baso More Mann Mein” from film ‘Devdas’ (1935). The composer Master Mohammed, was famous for his patriotic songs. He had earlier composed another parody song, “Gaawo Gaawo Ae Mere Saadhu“, in the film ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), which was a parody of the KC Dey song ‘Jaao Jaao Ae Mere Sadho, Raho Guru Ke Sang‘ from film ‘Pooran Bhagat’ (1933).

The film ‘Asiai Sitara’ and singer ‘Master Dhulia’, both make a debut on the blog today.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from books by Shri Vithal Pandya, Isak Mujawar, Dr RK Verma, and from Harish Raghuwanshi ji, CITWF, MuVyz.com, HFGK, Encyclopedia of Indian Films and my own notes.]

 


Song – Aan Phanse Ab Ban Mein Bhaiya (Asiai Sitara) (1937) Singer – Master Dhulia, Lyrics – Pandit Sampat Lal Shrivastav ‘Anuj’, Music – Master Mohammed
Unidentified Male Voice

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aan phanse ab ban mein bhaeee..yyaa
aan phanse ab ban mein bhaieee..yyaa
aan phanse
aan phanse
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

aan phanse ab ban mein bhaiya
aan phanse ab ban mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

ye kya kar raha hai

taan maar raha hoon

jhoothe ke laaye
saanche gawaaye
jhoothe ke laaye
saanche gawaaye
sach bin lutiaa kaun piraaye
sach bin lutiaa kaun piraaye
kaari badariya barsan laagi
kaari badariya barsan laagi
baitha gar saawan mein bhaiya
baitha gar saawan mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

suratiya kaisi bhai kaari
kaari
kaari
suratiya kaisi bhai kaari
ab to kamariya tootan lagi
tootan laagi
tootan laagi
reh gayi mann ki mann mein bhaiyyaaa
reh gayi mann ki mann mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

nainanwa paayo nirbhaagi
nainanwa paayo nirbhaagi
tab hi pawanva phootan laagi
phootan laagi
phootan laagi
dhool pari nainan mein bhaiyyaaa
dhool pari nainan mein
bhai..ee..ee..ee..yaaaaaaa

kaisi bhai ye harkat

kalaam le raha hoon

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
आन फंसे अब बन में भईsय्याआ
आन फंसे अब बन में भईsय्याआ
आन फंसे
आन फंसे
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

आन फंसे अब बन में भइय्या
आन फंसे अब बन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

ये क्या कर रहा है

तान मार रहा हूँ

झूठे के लाये
साँचे गवाए
झूठे के लाये
साँचे गवाए
सच बिन लुटिया काऊ पिराये
सच बिन लुटिया काऊ पिराये
कारी बदरिया बरसन लागी
कारी बदरिया बरसन लागी
बैठा गर सावन में भइय्या
बैठा गर सावन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

सूरतीया कैसी भई कारी
कारी
कारी
सूरतीया कैसी भई कारी
अब तो कमरीया टूटन लागि
टूटन लागि
टूटन लागि
रह गई मन की मन में भइय्या
रह गई मन की मन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

नैननवा पायो निरभागी
नैननवा पायो निरभागी
तब ही पवनवा फूटन लागि
फूटन लागि
फूटन लागि
धूल परी नैनन में भइय्या
धूल परी नैनन में
भई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰य्याआआआआ

कैसी भई ये हरकत

कलाम ले रहा हूँ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3537 Post No. : 14203

Today’s song is from the film ‘Captain Kirti Kumar’ (1937). The song is sung by a child star of yore – Ram Marathe.

Do you ever wonder, what happens to child stars when they grow up or what must be adult actors doing when they stop getting roles or get retired ? In the early years of films, anyone looking good and was a tolerably good singer could become actor or an actress. Education was not necessary. Working in films was not considered good those days. So, those who joined film line, in their early years, had no other skill or education. The payments were dismal, there was no guarantee of continuation and temptations were too many.

As a result, many of the first generation of actors, singers and others in the film world, ended up in poverty, loneliness and met a sad end. Many such heart breaking stories are well known. However, not all ended up like this. There were cases, where the artist left the film industry even when they were getting ample work, changed their course of life and achieved greater success or happiness.

The child stars were of two types. One type  who had no relatives or a godfather to help them when they passed the age of being a child actor. Such actors got lost in the merciless world of film industry and ended up doing work as a junior artist or an extra or at the most doing character roles. Examples are Junior Mehmood and Jagdeep etc. The other type was, who had someone in their family or a close relative well established in the film world. When they crossed their child actor age, they got into adult roles easily. Many of them became top class heroes and heroines. Some examples are Madhubala, Meena Kumari, Shashi Kapoor and many other Kapoors, Nargis, etc.

Of course, there were exceptions. I know of at least two examples of successful and in demand child stars – with a godfather, who left the film industry midway to pursue their ambition in some other fields. One case is that of Shashi Kapoor senior. Starting as a child star from 1944 he did child roles in 21 films up to 1955. Then he left films, completed his graduation and post graduation in science, and worked as a lecturer in Bombay. Then he went to USA to do his PhD in Maths. He worked in an American university as a Professor of Maths for 30 years. What a life, indeed !

The second case is of child actor Ramchandra (Ram) Marathe. He was born on 23-10-1924 in Poona and studied in Bhave school up to 10th class. He and his brother (Anant Marathe aka Anant kumar) worked in films as child actors, due to family conditions. They started work from 1936 onwards. Ram Marathe had an edge over his brother, in that he could sing too. Starting with ‘Shahu Chor’ in 1936, he worked in Sagar movietone (6 films), Ranjit (3 films) and Prabhat (2 films), in addition to other companies like Prakash, Mohan Pictures, Imperial etc. He acted as a child star in 16 films and sang 11 songs in 6 films. After this Ram left films and started training in classical music – his liking. Here is a short bio of Ram Marathe, adapted from meetkalakar.com,

Ramchandra Purshottam Marathe was born on 23rd October, 1924. He began his early career as an actor singer in films produced by the Prabhat company. His formal training in music assumed a definite direction when he came under the tutelage of Master Krishnarao (Phulambrikar). Later, he trained under accomplished musicians such as Mirashibuwa of Gwalior and Vamanrao Sadolikar of Atrauli-Jaipur. His quest for widening his musical horizons culminated in a long-lasting discipleship (15 years) under Jagannathbuwa Purohit (‘Gunidas’). As a consequence of his broad training and background, Rambhau’s music integrated the best of Gwalior, Agra and Jaipur styles. Rambhau was a stalwart in the field of Marathi natyasangeet. He was also known as a composer. Among his pupils is Ulhas Kashalkar.

Pt. Ram Marathe had performed in all the prestigious musical festivals at various places like Jalandhar, Patna, Lahore, Delhi, Gwalior, Calcutta, Banaras, Amritsar and almost all over the Maharashtra. His contribution to Indian classical music was recognized with several Awards for his unique and successful performances.  He was ‘A Top Grade’ Hindustani classical artist of All India Radio.

Since he had undergone a proper Tabla training, he had a great command on taal and layakari. He had special command on rare – Anvat Raags and Jod Raags and he was highly recognized for his clear and fast tankriyas and also for purity of Raags. He always used to enrich his audience with various semi-classical forms like khayal, tarana, tappa, natyasangeet, thumri, dadra and bhajans in his concerts. Unlike the present classical singers, his concerts used to last more than 5 hours with powerful intensity and stamina.

He started his stage career under the perusal of Natvarya Shri Ganapatrao Bodas in 1950 as a leading character in old classical musical dramas like Saubhadra, Sanshaya Kallol, Swayamvar, Ekach Pyaala, Maan Apmaan etc. with veteran actors and actresses such as Balgandharva, Hirabai Badodekar, Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan, Nanasaheb Phatak etc. Despite of his busy schedule in concerts, he performed in 22 old and new Sangeet Natak with more than 5000 stage shows. This is purely out of his dedication and commitment towards Sangeet Rangbhoomi.

He composed music for more than 10 dramas such as – Mandarmala, Suvarntula, Megh Malhaar, Tansen, Baiju etc. and acted in them as the leading charter role.

His disciples includes many (more than 50) eminent classical singers like Pt. Ulhas Kashalkar, Sudhir Datar, Ram Pratham, Vishwanath Kanhere, Vishwanath Bagul, Yogini Joglekar, Shashikant Oak, Madhuwanti Dandekar, Sanjay Marathe and Mukund Marathe etc. who have got training from him under the traditional Gurukul way of learning.

Maharashtra Government honoured him with the ‘Sangeet Bhushan’ degree in 1961.  In 1981, he again got recognition from the Government of Maharashtra, for successful completion and continuous 30 years of career in Marathi Sangeet Rangbhoomi. He was also bestowed the honoured title of ‘Sangeet Chudamani’ by Jagadguru Shankaracharya of Puri.

He was appointed by AIR, New Delhi on Northern (Hindustani) Music Audition Board Committee. He was also on the Advisory Board of Nagpur University and other universities in India. He has more than 100 gramophone records and a number of CDs and LPs to his credit and composed more than 50 bandish in various Raags.

Ram Marathe died on 4-10-1989.

The film ‘Captain Kirti Kumar’ had a cast consisting of Motilal, Bibbo, Yaqub, Sankatha Prasad, Pandey, Bhudo Advani and VH Desai. Comedian VH Desai made his debut with this film. He was a famous and extremely popular comedian from late 30s to 40s. He was a law graduate from Baroda, but instead of pursuing a career in courts, he opted for films. His style was typical-fast delivery of dialogues. He was very poor in remembering dialogues and required many retakes. As per Ashok Kumar, in ‘Kangan’ (1939), a Bombay Talkies film, he took as many as 75 retakes. The German director Franz Osten was so furious that he told Desai “If you were not so popular a comedian in India, I would have thrown you out long back”.

Starting with Sagar Movietone, he appeared in ‘Captain Kirti Kumar’, ‘Bhabhi’ and ‘Navjeevan’, and then joined Bombay Talkies, appearing in ‘Jhoola’, ‘Kangan’, ‘Naya Sansaar’, ‘Kismet’ etc. He acted in initial films of Filmistan, from where he was taken by PL Santoshi for ‘Shehnai’ and ‘Khidki’. Later he also appeared in ‘Shaheed’ (1948) and ‘Andaz’ (1949). In ‘Andaz’ he did the funny role of DDT – Prof. Devdas Dharamdas Trivedi. The role was specially written for him. Desai died of heart attack in 1949.

Another regular actor of Sagar Movietone was Sankatha Prasad. He was the elder brother of the more famous character actor Kanhaiyalal (who was initially only a lyricist). Sankatha Prasad was born in UP in February 1903. He came to Bombay and started working in films in 1929. From the beginning of his career, he was a regular actor in the silent and talkie films of Sagar Movietone, and also of National Studios and Amar Pictures. Sankatha Prasad worked as a character actor for his entire career. He featured in all the three talkie films of Sagar in 1931. His first talkie film was ‘Veer Abhimanyu’ (1931) and the last film was ‘Do Mastaane’ (1958). In all, he worked in 65 films.

The film’s director, Chimanlal Muljibhoy Luhar (1901 to 1948 ) was a graduate in chemistry. He was a noted author and critic with various journals in the early 1920’s. He joined Kohinoor as a lab assitant, but soon learnt photography and became an expert cameraman. He shot about 20 films with Krishna Cinetone, and then joined Sharda Pictures. Later, he joined Sagar as a Director from 1934 to 1940. He also worked with Prakash Pictures from 1941 to 1946. He directed 15 films including film ‘Talaash e Haq’ (1936), in which Baby Rashida made her debut. She later became famous as Nargis.

The film has 10 songs, composed by A Bhasker Rao. This was his only film as an MD. He was a writer (‘Aadmi’, 1939) and assistant director (‘Padosi’, 1941) in Prabhat. Hailing from south Karnataka, Amembal Bhasker Rao’s elder brother A Sunder Rao was an expert Harmonium player.  His younger brother A Dinkar Rao aka D Amel, was with AIR as a Musician for 40 years. A Bhasker Rao was a tabla player and a disciple of Master Krishna Rao Phulambrikar.

With this song, the film ‘Captain Kirti Kumar’ makes its debut on our blog today.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from ‘Sagar Movietone’ by Shri Biren Kothari ji, ‘Eena Meena Deeka’ by Sanjit Narwekar, books written by Isak Mujawar, MuVyz.com, HFGK and my own notes.]


Song – Jagat Mein Dhoom Hai Teri (Captain Kirti Kumar) (1937) Singer – Ram Marathe, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – A Bhaskar Rao

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jagat mein dhoom hai teri
daya ki wo mere bhagwan
sunaa deta hoon sun le ??
daya ki wo mere bhagwan
sunaa deta hoon sun le ??
daya ki wo mere bhagwan

bura hoon ya bhala hoon
jo bhi hoon tera pujaari hoon
bura hoon ya bhala hoon
jo bhi hoon. . .

. . . bhala hoon
jo bhi hoon tera pujaari hoon
suna deta hoon main gham ki
kahaani wo mere bhagwan
jagat mein dhoom hai teri
daya ki wo mere bhagwan

wo raja hi nahin
sab bekason ka aasra bhi hai
wo raja hi nahin
sab bekason ka aasra bhi hai
unhin ke dam se hai mera
?? wo mere bhagwan
unhin ke dam se hai mera
?? wo mere bhagwan
jagat mein dhoom hai teri
daya ki o mere bhagwan

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जगत में धूम है तेरी
दया की वो मेरे भगवन्
सुना देता हूँ सुन ले ??
दया की वो मेरे भगवन्
सुना देता हूँ सुन ले ??
दया की वो मेरे भगवन्

बुरा हूँ या भला हूँ
जो भी हूँ तेरा पुजारी हूँ
बुरा हूँ या भला हूँ
जो भी हूँ॰ ॰ ॰

॰ ॰ ॰ भला हूँ
जो भी हूँ तेरा पुजारी हूँ
सुना देता हूँ मैं ग़म की
कहानी वो मेरे भगवन्
जगत में धूम है तेरी
दया की वो मेरे भगवन्

वो राजा ही नहीं
सब बेकसों का आसरा भी है
वो राजा ही नहीं
सब बेकसों का आसरा भी है
उन्हीं के दम से है मेरा
?? वो मेरे भगवन्
उन्हीं के दम से है मेरा
?? वो मेरे भगवन्
जगत में धूम है तेरी
दया की वो मेरे भगवन्


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3534 Post No. : 14193

Today’s song is from the film ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940).

These days I am on a mission to collect and present valuable information on some less known actors and actresses, from the bygone era of the 30s and early 40s. Today also I will talk about a really forgotten actress of the silent era and the early Talkie films – LEELA CHANDRAGIRI or Miss Leela. Do not mix up this name with Leela Desai, Leela Sawant or Leela Mishra. All are different.

But before that, something about the film.The film’s name is ‘Alakh Niranjan’ aka ‘Gorakhnath’. We are all aware that “alakh niranjan” is the call given by the gossains (गोसाईं) (or followers) of Nath Sampradaay or the fakirs of Kabir Panth, when they visit a fixed number of households to ask for bhiksha (alms). When I was about 6 to 7 year old, during the visits to my Naani’s (maternal grandmother’s) home in a village, I used to hear this call from the gossain, who stood outside the door. Someone from the house used to give uncooked food material like rice, wheat or jowar. Even wheat atta was given. These gossains had a jholi (a spacious carrying bag made of cloth), having 4-5 compartments and they would expertly add the bhiksha to the appropriate compartment. They never took money. These people are also called by the name avadhoot (अवधूत) (a mystic or a saint who is beyond ego-consciousness, duality and common worldly concerns).

Alakh is a term used by Nath Sampradaay for The Creator. It signifies a nirgun (One that is beyond physical attributes) and nirakaar (One that is not bounded by form and shape) manifestation of the Supreme Power. The word alakh also means That which cannot be measured, or perceived by the physical sensory powers and intellect. Niranjan means spotless or pure. Primarily it is a call to identify the Nath Yogi. Niranjan is also another name for Lord Shiva.

A brief description of the Nath Sampradaay and about Gorakhnath.  It is likely that some of our readers may not be familiar with the details behind these names. In the Hindu Sanaatan traditions the worship of Lord Shiva is called Shaivism and the worshippers and followers of Lord Shiva are called Shaivs. Nath Sampradaay is a sub tradition within Shaivism. The followers of this tradition consider Adinath or Lord Shiva as their first Lord. The word Nath implies Master. In this tradition, there is a lineage of nine Gurus or Teachers. The form of sadhna practiced by the followers of this tradition is called Hath Yog (हठ योग).

The first Guru in this lineage is Matsyendra Nath, who is better known as Machhindra Nath. The traditional history recounts that Matsyendra was born under an inauspicious star. This warranted his parents to throw the baby into the ocean. In the ocean the baby was swallowed by a large fish, and he lived and grew up inside the belly of the fish, for many years. The fish swam to the bottom of the ocean where Lord Shiva was imparting the secrets of yoga to Mata Parvati. Matsyendra overheard this discourse and learnt the secrets of yoga. He began to practice this yog sadhana inside the fish’s belly. After twelve years he finally emerged as an enlightened Siddha.

There is a list of Nine Nath Gurus, who are called Navnath. The first Nath Guru is Machhindra. The complete list is as follows

  1. Machhindranath
  2. Gorakhnath
  3. Jalandhar Nath
  4. Kanif Nath (Kanhoba)
  5. Gahini Nath
  6. Raja Bhartrihari Nath (Bharthari)
  7. Revan Sidha Nath
  8. Charpati Nath  and
  9. Naag Nath.

The stories surrounding every Nath Guru, especially the earlier ones, are very exciting, thrilling and entertaining. One must read them from the original Nath Puraan or Nav Nath Pothi. I have read all of them. These stories are in no way less than any Arabian Night stories. Due to their entertainment value, several films in several languages have been made on the early Gurus like Machhindranath and Gorakhnath. Films on Machhindranath were made as ‘Maaya Machhindra’ in Hindi, in 1932, 1951, 1960 and 1975. Films on Gorakhnath as ‘Alakh Niranjan’, were made in 1940, 1950 and 1975. Films on Bharthari were made in 1932 and 1944. Films on other Naths were made as ‘Raja Gopichand’ in 1933, 1938 and 1950. Same way films on Naths in Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati and other languages were also made.

‘Alakh Niranjan’ is the story of Gorakhnath. The story of his birth is briefly given below.

The first Guru Machhindra Nath went to a house for bhiksha. The lady of the house, after giving him the bhiksha, asked him if he can bless her to bear a child, a wish that had remained unfulfilled thus far in her life. Guru Machhindra Nath dipped his hand in his jholi and took out some some vibhuti (ash). He gave it to her and asked her to partake it and that she will conceive a son. After he is gone, one of the neighbours tells the lady not to believe all this. The lady gets a doubt and throws the vibhuti on a pile of garbage.

Time passes. After 12 years, Machhindra Nath again comes to the lady and asks, how her son was. The lady, ashamed, tells him the truth. The Guru goes to the pile of garbage and gives a loud call, “My son, come here”.  From the garbage rises a son of about 12 years. He is Gorak Nath. Machhindranath takes him away and gives him the deeksha (anointing him as his disciple) of Nath Sampradaay. ‘Go‘ means Earth and ‘rakh‘ means to protect. So Gorakh is one who is protected by Mother Earth.

The film (1940 version) was made by Arun Pictures and directed by Bhal G Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar – 3-5-1897 to 28-11-1994). Born at Kolhapur, he was the son of King Shahu Maharaja’s court physician Dr. Gopal Pendharkar, and Radhabai. He was awarded Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1991, when he was 94 year old already. More about this illustrious film director some other time. Let us now talk about the film’s heroine Miss Leela.

Leela Chandragiri was born in Chikodi, a town near Kolhapur, in a singing family. She learnt singing from a very young age. The talent hunters of Prabhat film company found her and she was brought to Kolhapur. She was beautiful, tall and wheat complexioned. She made her debut in V Shantaram’s silent film ‘Uday Kaal’ in 1930. She did the role of Bhawani Devi, who blesses Shivaji and gives him the Bhawani talwar (sword). Leela became famous by acting in the grand silent film ‘Chandrasena’ (1931) of Prabhat films.

Leela’s first talkie film was ‘Jalti Nishani’ (1932), a bilingual in Hindi and Marathi (as ‘Agni Kankan’). The hero in this film was Master Vinayak. Leela had no problem in delivering Hindi/Urdu dialogues as she was fluent in both languages. She became the heartthrob of the audiences. Being from a singing family and trained, singing came naturally to her. She sang her own songs starting from her first talkie film itself. In 1933, she appeared in ‘Maya Machhindra’ (1933), in which her hero was Master Vinayak again. They worked together again in a Marathi film ‘Sinhgad’. Prabhat’s first coloured film ‘Sairandhri’ (1933) also featured her in the main role. The film was processed in Germany.

After this, Prabhat Films shifted to Poona, but Leela chose to stay back in Kolhapur and decided to work with Bhalji Pendharkar. They became attracted to each others and got married. Leela already had two children, a son, Jaysingh and a daughter,  Madhavi. Bhalji adopted both children and gave them father’s love. Even Bhalji had one son from his first marriage – Prabhakar. Later, when they built their own studio, it was given the name Jayprabha. It combined his two sons’ names – JAYsingh and PRABHAkar. Madhavi got married to the Marathi author Ranjit Desai. Madhavi also authored one book herself.

Miss Leela appeared in the following films –

  • Jalti Nishani (1932)
  • Maya Machhindra (1932)
  • Sairandhri (1933)
  • Akashwani (1934)
  • Kaal Koot (1935)
  • Kaliya Mardan (1935)
  • Raja Gopichand (1938)
  • Alakh Niranjan (1940)
  • Maharathi Karna (1944)
  • Swarna Bhoomi (1944)
  • Valmiki (1946), and
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji (1952).

She mostly worked in films directed or made by Bhalji Pendharkar only.  During the riots in 1948 (on account of  Gandhi ji’s assasination), their Jayprabha studio was burnt down, because Bhalji was a Brahmin. However, within few years he built it again. After Bhalji’s death the studio was purchased by Lata Mangeshkar.

During Miss Leela’s career, contemporary to her, there were 3 more actresses named Leela active in Hindi films. One was Leela Desai (daughter of a Gujarati father and a Bengali mother from Bihar. She was born in America.). The second was Leela Mishra – who became Leela mausi later on. The third one was Leela Sawant – essentially a stunt film actress who worked in master Bhagwan’s films.

The music of this film was by DP Korgaonkar aka K Datta (who is known for film ‘Badi Maa’ (1945) and songs of Noorjehan). The main role of Gorakhnath was done by B Nandrekar. Other actors were Chandrakant (father of well known Marathi/Hindi actor Vikram Gokhale), Raja Paranjape (who became a famous Marathi director in the 1950’s decade) and others. There were 8 songs in the film. 4 were sung by Miss Leela. Both the film as well as the singer Miss Leela are making their debut on the blog today.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from ‘Beete Kal Ke Sitaare’ by Shri S Tamrakar, ‘Flashback’ by Isak Mujawar, Wikipedia, CITWF.com, MuVyz.com, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, HFGK and my own notes.]

[Ed Note 1 : As I was noting the lyrics of this delightful song, I also noted that in this song, a lady is being teased by her friends. The lady is in the family way, carrying a child, and the friends are singing a song about it. The words and the phrases, as presented are so playful, so endearing, and at the same time, modest and innocent. The friends are singing of the progressing months in pregnancy, and how the lady is blossoming. Then when the time comes, she gives birth to a child. I do not remember hearing any other such song in HFM; maybe I am not aware. I can recall some songs that are sung by the husband wife couple who are expecting a child. The manner in which a group of friends are teasing an expectant mother – I think I am hearing for the first time. The wording is just so wonderful.

nanadi ne kheencha palla
boli kahaan hai lalla

Nanadi, the younger sister in law of the lady; she playfully pulls at her bhabhi’s palla and asks – o tell me, where is the child. The imagery created by these words and these lines is so wonderful. I would request other readers and friends to comment if there are other similar instances in the world of Hindi film songs.]

[Ed Note 2 : I request help from other readers with keener ears to help with one word marked as ?? in the lyrics below.]


Song – Gori. . . Laaj Ki Baat (Alakh Niranjan) (1940) Singer – Miss Leela, Unidentified Female Voice 2, Unidentified Female Voice 2, Lyrics – Pandit Anand Kumar, Music – DP Korgaonkar
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

gori . . .
laaj ki baat
gori . . . laaj ki baat
gori . . . laaj ki ba..aat
gori . . . laaj ki baat

munh se boli na jaat
munh se boli na jaat
munh se keh baithe aaj
munh se keh baithe aaj

gori
sej kyon na jaaye
gori sej kyon na jaaye
gori sej kyon na jaaye
gori sej kyon na jaaye

nanadi ne kheencha palla
nanadi ne kheencha palla
boli kahaan hai lalla
boli kahaan hai lalla
kaun ghar maara dallaa
kaun ghar maara dallaa
phooli na samaaye gori
gori
phooli na samaaye gori
gori
peeli pad jaaye gori
gori
peeli pad jaaye gori

beeta chhatwa maas suhaagan
beeta chhatwa maas suhaagan
hansat saatwaan chala mudit mann
hansat saatwaan chala mudit mann
sakhi aathvaan jaate jaate
sakhi aathvaan jaate jaate
khile bageeche phool uthe tan
khile bageeche phool uthe tan

navaa bade bhaagon se aaye
navaa bade bhaagon se aaye
laal janmaaye gori
gori
laal janmaaye gori

pyaare.. laal ki baat
pyaare.. laal ki baat
pyaare.. laal ki baat

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

गोरी॰॰॰
लाज की बात
गोरी॰॰॰ लाज की बात
गोरी॰॰॰ लाज की बा॰॰आत
गोरी॰॰॰ लाज की बात

मुंह से बोली ना जात
मुंह से बोली ना जात
मुंह से कह बैठे आज
मुंह से कह बैठे आज

गोरी
सेज क्यों ना जाये
गोरी सेज क्यों ना जाये
गोरी सेज क्यों ना जाये
गोरी सेज क्यों ना जाये

ननदी ने खींचा पल्ला
ननदी ने खींचा पल्ला
बोली कहाँ है लल्ला
बोली कहाँ है लल्ला
कौन घर मारा दल्ला
कौन घर मारा दल्ला
फूली ना समाये गोरी
गोरी
फूली ना समाये गोरी
पीली पड़ जाये गोरी
गोरी
पीली पड़ जाये गोरी
गोरी

बीटा छटवां मास सुहागन
बीटा छटवां मास सुहागन
हंसत सातवाँ चला मुदित मन
हंसत सातवाँ चला मुदित मन
सखी आठवाँ जाते जाते
सखी आठवाँ जाते जाते
खिले बगीचे फूल उठे तन
खिले बगीचे फूल उठे तन

नवां बड़े भागों से आया
नवां बड़े भागों से आया
लाल जनमाए गोरी
गोरी
लाल जनमाए गोरी

प्यारे॰॰॰ लाल की बात
प्यारे॰॰॰ लाल की बात
प्यारे॰॰॰ लाल की बात


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3527 Post No. : 14168

Today’s song is from film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ (1939).

This film is made by Ranjit Movietone of Sardar Chandulal Shah. A lot has already been written about him, Gauhar Mamajiwala and Ranjit Studios, so I am skipping that part. In the late 30s and early 40s, i.e. from about 1937 to 1947, Hindi film industry was making films emphasizing social reforms, society needs, peaceful coexistence of different religions and also raising a voice against the sinful customs prevalent then in Indians, all over the country. Some of the topics were, child marriages, marriages between the very young and the old, dowry demands, disowning parents, gambling, criminal activities etc.

Major film companies like Ranjit, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Prabhat Films etc. were the torch bearers in this campaign. After the country’s Independence and by the end of the 40’s decade, the taste of the audience started changing rapidly and within a short period the type of films produced took a 180 degrees’ turn. Now the films handled comedy, crime stories, modern love stories and in general, light entertainment became the sole purpose of seeing a film.Thus the role of films as a ‘reformer or a ‘teacher/preacher’ ended and films handling such themes got a poor response from the same audience.

Of course, 1939 was the initiation period for such a change. The first generation actors, directors and composers were still on the top and the film stories too were made in preaching style. The music was quite slow and influenced by stage/dramas/classical songs. Ranjit Movietone used to produce films like a factory. At any given time at least 2 to 3 film shootings were going on different floors. In its production life, Ranjit produced 175 films, including films in Marathi and Tamil. However, Calcutta’s New Theatres made 177 films, holding the Indian Record (perhaps the world record too).

Somehow, I feel that due to Saigal’s films, notably ‘Devdas’ (1935), the film makers of the late 30s were inclined to show death of the lead player of their films. If not, there was a kind of a tinge of sadism in some of the films made during this period. For example, I can quote Minerva’s ‘Jailor’ (1938) and ‘Main Haari’ (1940), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), Kardar’s ‘Paagal’ (1940) and ‘Pooja’ (1940), Prabhat’s ‘Aadmi’ (1939), New Theatre’s ‘Badi Didi’ (1939) and ‘Dushman’ (1939), Sagar Movietone’s ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob’s ‘Aurat’ (1940), Circo’s ‘Geeta’ (1940), New Theatres ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Mehboob’s ‘Behan’ (1941) and few other films. In all these and such films there was a serious theme – tragedy, sadism, psychotic behaviour, perversion and similar not so good emotions.

It was the pure and innocent love stories of Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar that gave relief to the audience. No wonder, a naive and extremely visible awkward Ashok kumar became popular on this background, as a help to him. By the mid 1940’s and end of the decade, the total trend of film stories had taken a drastic turn, as mentioned earlier.

Film ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was one of those dark story films, where three main characters commit suicide in the film. The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi, and the music was provided by Gyan Dutt, a paid employee of Ranjit. The cast of the film was Durga Khote, Prithviraj Kapoor, Rose, K Datey, Ila Devi, Ishwarlal, Yaqub, Khatoon, Mirza Musharraf, Meera etc etc.

The name ‘Meera’ is one of those which cause ‘Same Name Confusion’. Luckily, the other Meera (Mishra) started her acting career only in 1946, when this Meera was in the last phase of her career. Still many sites, books and writers mix up their filmography. Meera was an Anglo-Indian girl in Hindi films. During the silent film era a lot many European and Anglo-Indian girls acted in films. Few of them continued even after Talkie films started and very few like Sulochana and Sabita Devi etc. became successful even in the films for a considerable time. Some of these girls were, Ruby Meyers – Sulochana, Iris Gasper – Sabita Devi, Susan Soloman – Firoza begum (not the singer), Effie Hippolet – Indira Devi, Bonnie Bird – Lalita Devi, Esther Abraham – Pramila, Renee Smith – Sita Devi, Berryl Classen – Madhuri, Winnie Stewert – Manorama Senior, Erine Issac Daniels – Manorama Junior, Florence Ezekiel – Nadira, Sophie Abraham – Romilla, Rose Musleah – Rose, Lilian Ezra – Lilian, Mercia Soloman – Vimla, Rachel Sofaer – Arti Devi, Rachel Cohen – Ramola Devi, Patience Cooper, Violet Cooper, Ermelin – Sudhabala etc.

Meera’s real name was Muriel Alexander. She was born on 10-11-1919. She was from a respectable family. Her father was Superintendent – Local Audit in AG’s office. Brother E. Alexander was a national level cricketer. She passed her Inter-science exam from Benaras Hindu University. It was through one Mr. Seal, who was a manager in Adarsh Chitra, that she got her first break in film ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ (1935). It is not known if she sang any song in that film, as no records are available. My guess is that, besides acting, she must have sung few songs in that film. [Author’s Note: ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ was also the debut film for Leela Chitnis.]

Her name first appears as an actress and singer in film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), in which she sang 3 solo songs. From 1935 to 1938, she must have sung many songs, but singers names are not mentioned in the available information on the available gramophone records. Thus many singers’ credit during this period have been lost. After ‘Bhabhi’, her name appears in ‘Nirmala’ and ‘Vachan’ (both from 1938) in which she sang 1 solo and 3 duets. She acted and sang songs in films of Ranjit, Prakash and Minerva Movietone films. [Author’s Note: Amirbai Karnataki also suffered due to this missing singer’s information situation.]

As per information available Meera acted in ‘Dolti Naiya’ (1934), ‘Dhuwandhar’ (1935), ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Wahaan’ (1938), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), ‘Taatar Ka Chor’ (1940), ‘Paak Daaman’ (1940), ‘Chingaari’ (1940), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Meri Duniya’ (1942), ‘Mauj’ (1943), ‘Krishna Bhakt Bodana’ (1944), ‘Ji Haan’ (1945), ‘Sham Savera’ (1946), ‘Ye Hai Duniya’ (1948) and ‘Sansaar’ (1951). In the film ‘Nirmala’ she only sang.

Another name in the cast is that of Ishwarlal.  Ishwarlal was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya, Kathewar, Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi. He belonged to a Jain family. After matriculation, he came to Bombay to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome. He got a job in Ranjit Studios. His first film was ‘Bhootiya Mahal’ (1932). Then came ‘Chaar Chakram’, also 1932.

He started acting and singing in films. Initially he sang only duets. Meanwhile, with ‘Jwalaamukhi’ (1936), he became a hero. He sang many songs in Ranjit Films, but the records are not available. Those days, not all songs of the film were recorded for commercial purpose. In ‘Billi’ (1938), he sang a duet with Sunita Devi. In ‘Aaj Ka Hindustan’ (1940), he sang two solos. In ‘Ummeed’ (1941), he had a duet with Noorjahan. In ‘Pyaas’ (1941), he sang with S Pradhan. In 1942, got two solo songs and two duets to sing in ‘Fariyaad’ under the baton of Khemchand Prakash. In ‘Zabaan’, under C Ramchandra, he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-

Diwali, Dheeraj, Chandni, Bhola Shikar, Nadira, Sitamgarh, Veer Babruwahan, Barrister’s Wife, College Kanya, Desh Dasi, Keemti Aansoo, Dil Ka Daaku, Jwaalamukhi, Sajni, Dil Farosh, Adhoori Kahaani, Thokar, Holi, Pyar, Bansari, Lalkar, Chirag, Us paar.

In 1945, he was the hero opposite to Noorjehan in ‘Badi Maa’, but he had no songs. In fact his last songs were in ‘Us Paar’ (1944). Then he did character roles in Subhadra, Mahasati Tulsi Vrinda, Sanskar, Naulakha Haar, Khuda Ka Banda etc.

His last film was ‘Meri Soorat Teri Aankhen’ in 1963.

He was married to a loyal wife Kamalabai. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was a modernisation fable based on a story by famous Gujarati writer Gunwant Rai Acharya. screenplay, dialogues and lyrics were by JS Kashyap, Cinematography was by LN Varma and the music was composed by Gyan Dutt. The film was hailed as one of the best by Director Chaturbhuj Doshi.

The film’s story is. . .

The educated and liberal thinking Harbala (Durga Khote) is married to Seth Gopaldas (Keshav Rao Datey), a rich zamindar. He is a highly conservative type of husband with old time thinking. He neither approves nor likes the modern ways of his wife Harbala and tries to criticise and oppress her at every small thing. They have two children- Somnath (Prithviraj Kapoor) and Neelam (Rose). Gopaldas always accuses Harbala that she is spoiling the children and not treating them with discipline.

Fed up with this torture, harassment and his authoritarian traditionalism, Harbala commits suicide. Both children feel guilty. Hatred towards father drives them to commit suicide after their mother.

Having lost all family, Seth Gopaldas repents, but it is too late. The film ends with a hope that in the future, a less oppressive society will emerge. For now, the story is unfinished tale or Adhoori Kahani. (652)

 

The film had 12 songs of which nine are written by Kashyap, 2 songs by Mrs. Bhagyavati Ramya and one song by PL Santoshi. With this song, the film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ makes its debut on the Blog.

 


Song – So Ja Lalna So Ja (Adhoori Kahaani) (1939) Singer – Miss Meera, Lyrics – JS Kashyap ‘Natwaan’, Music – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

so ja lalna so jaa
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa

is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

aao godi
tumhen sula doon
meethi meethi (?? ??) doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
jeevan ka santaap mita doon
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

सो जा ललना सो जा
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा

इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
सो जा
ललना
सो जा

आओ गोदी
तुम्हें सुला दूँ
मीठी मीठी (?? ??) दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
जीवन का संताप मिटा दूँ
सो जा
ललना
सो जा


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3600 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 3500 days.

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