Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1930s (1931 to 1940)’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5207 Post No. : 17192

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 116
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Ten years back on this date viz on 20th October 2012, two songs from two different movies were covered on the blog. Here are the details:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
6874 Parmukh bani tu Kamla Madhuri (1932) 4 songs covered out of 16 by now
6875 Naachat jhoomat jaayen Gopal Krishna(1938) 2 songs covered out of 14 by now

We can observe that this date ten years ago (20 October 2012) was a lean day when only two songs from two different movies were covered. Both these movies are still unyippeed in the blog. So technically both these movies are eligible for Blog Ten Year Challenge today (20 october 2022).

“Gopal Krishna”(1938) which is one of two movies, was directed by V Damle and S Fattelal for Prabhat Films company. The movie had Ram Marathe(as Krishna), Shanta Apte(as Radha), Shankar (as Anay), Parashram (as Mansukh), Karuna Devi (as Yashodha), Manji Rao(as Nand), Ulhas (as Keshi), Prahlad(as Kansa), Kaushal etc in it.

“Gopal Krishna”(1938) had 14 songs in it. Two songs have been covered so far.

Here is the third song from “Gopal Krishna”(1938) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Shanta Apte. The song is picturised on her alongwith Ram Marathe and Parashram.

Pt Anuj was the lyricist. Music was composed by Master Krishna Rao.

Lyrics of the song and other details were sent by Prakashchandra.

Video link


Audio link:

Song-Bachpan ka yaad aaya (Gopal Krishna)(1938) Singer-Shanta Apte, Lyrics-Pt Anuj, MD-Master Krishna Rao

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

haan haan haan haaan
haan aaan aaa haan aaan aaa aan aaa
bachpan ka yaad aayaa aaa
bachpan ka yaad aayaa aaa
bhoolaa huaa zamaanaa aan aan
bhoolaa huaa zamanaa aan aan
aaa aaan aaa aaa
gaatey thhe jab bhi milkar
haan aan aaan
gaatey thhe jab bhi milkar
sukh chain ka taraanaa
haan aan haan aaan
sukh chain ka taraanaa

jeevan kaa hai ae tu saahil
jeevan kaa hai ae tu saahil
hai dhanya bhaag meraa
hai ae dhanya bhaag meraa aaa aa
ab ek baar mohan
mohan
ab ek baar mohan
mohan
mohan mohan
ab ek baar mohan
murli..eee zaraa bajaanaa aan aaaan
aaa aaan aaa aaa
murli..eee zaraa bajaanaa
haan aa aaan
murli..eee zaraa bajaanaa aan
bajaanaa aaa
bajaanaaa aa aa
bajaanaa
murlee zaraa bajaanaa aan aa aa

gopon kaa hai tu pyaaraaa aa
gopon kaa hai tu pyaaraaa aa
gopon hai tu pyaaraaa aa
go jan ka hai sahaaraa aa aa aaa
hhaa aaa aaaa aaahhaaa aaa aaaa
godhan ka hai sahaara aaaa aaaa
godhan ka hai sahaara aaaa
nutan diye ki jyoti ee
nutan diye ki jyoti ee
mere liye jaagaanaaa aan aan aa aaa aa aaa
aan aa aaaa aaa
mere liye jagaanaa aa
haan aan aa aaan aaa
mere liye jagaanaa aa aaa


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5200 Post No. : 17182

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 112
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Ten years back on this date viz on 13th October 2012, four songs from four different movies were covered on the blog. Here are the details:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
6847 Barkha ki raat aayi manwaa Adhikaar(1938) 4 songs covered out of 7 by now
6848 Nazron ki duniya aabaad kar de Najma (1943) Movie YIPPEED by now
6849 Mohe le chal balam mele mein Laal Haweli(1944) 10 songs covered out of 11 by now
6850 Babu samjho ishaare horn pukaare Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi(1958) Movie YIPPEED by now

One can notie that two movies (out of four) whose songs were covered on this date ten years ago (13 october 2012) have since been YIPPEED. That leaves us with two movies whose songs are still available to be covered as Blog Ten Year Challenge today (13 october 2022).

“Adhikaar”(1938) is one of the two movies that is eligible for Blog Ten Year Challenge today (13 october 2022).

“Adhikaar”(1938) was directed by P C Barua for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had Jamuna, Menaka (devi) , Barua, Pahadi Sanyal, Pankaj Mallik, Jagadish Sethi, Rajalakshmi, Bikram Kapoor, Ramkumari, Montu Mukherjee,Ushabati etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Four songs have been covered so far.

Here is the fifth song from “Adhikaar”(1938) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Pahadi Sanyal. Timir Baran is the music director. HFGK is silent about the lyricist of the song.

Only audio of the song is available. But it is clear that the song was picturised on Pahadi Sanyal himself.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

audio link:

Song-Is jeewan ki phulwaari mein sada magan rehna (Adhikaar)(1938) Singer-Pahadi Sanyal, MD-Timir Baran

Lyrics

is jeevan kee phulwaari mein sadaa magan rehnaa aa
is jeevan kee phulwaari mein sadaa magan rehnaa aa
aashaa ke phool chunaa karnaa aa
aashaa ke phool chunaa karnaa aa aa
kaantaa dukh ka chubhey hansnaa
sadaa magan rehnaaa aa aaa
is jeevan kee phulwaari mein sadaa magan rehnaa aan aaa

is zindagi kee shaakh mein aen
gul bhee hain aen aen
khaar bhee ee
zindagi kee shaakh mein aen
gul bhee hain aen aen
khaar bhee eee
aati hai ae
is chaman mein
khizaan bhee ee
bahaar bhee
aati hai ae
is chaman mein
khizaan bhee ee
bahaar bhee

chandra hansey jab gul kumhlaaye
ghoonghat khol kalee muskaaye
chandra hansey jab gul kumhlaaye
ghoonghat khol kalee muskaaye
din dhalkar jab ??? rachaaye
banke suhaagan aaye rainaa
sadaa magan rehnaa aan aaa
is jeevan kee phulwaari mein sadaa magan rehnaa aan aa

shabnam ki tarahaa aa
kis liye aey ae ae
ae shamaa aa aa roti hai ae
shukr hai ke raat dhal gayee ee ee ee
shukr hai ke raat dhal gayee ee ee ee
ab subaho o o o hoti hai
khulee shamaa kyun ghabraati hai
dukh ki raat se bhay khaati hai
khulee samaa kyun ghabraati hai
dukh ki raat se bhay khaati hai
dukh ki raat hi dikhlaati hai
dukh ki raat hee dikhlaati hai
sukh aanand ka sundar sapnaa aa aa aa
sadaa magan rehnaa aa aa
is jeevan kee phulwaari mein sadaa magan rehnaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5186 Post No. : 17165 Movie Count :

4623

Today’s song is from the film Nadi Kinare-1939. The film was released in Pathe Theatre of Bombay on 10-11-1939.

The year 1939 was a landmark year in the history of the world.

The year was 1939 and the British Government had declared war against Germany and Japan, as soon as the WW II began. All countries ruled by Britain were – willingly or unwillingly, drawn into the war efforts and its effects. The war began in the month of September and soon various restrictions came into operation – like rationing, blackouts, shortages etc. The film industry which was still under its development stage suffered. It also realised the importance of remaining united as one industry. However, all that came after 1 or 2 years. In 1939 there was not much effect seen on the film industry.

The industry had its own problems. In spite of the playback system in operation, their problem was that because there was no technique of recording from the film negative yet, the singers had to sing twice. Once for the actual film shooting of the song, and later, with the same set of orchestra, for commercial records. Sometimes, the original singer was not available due to any reason, some other singer had to sing for commercial records. Thus we have many such examples, where the singer in the film song and the record is different. However, this problem continued only till mid 50’s when the Tape and the required technique became available. With just one time recording, the film and commercial recording were taken care of.

Khemchand Prakash. K.Datta (Datta Koregaonkar), Rafiq Ghaznavi and Anupam Ghatak made their Debut as Music Directors. Kavi Pradeep wrote his first film song for film Kangan. In 1939, 2 most Unusual songs were presented, for the first time ( and this record is not yet broken even after more than 80 years.). One was a Multi-Lingual song from film Aadmi-39, a film by Prabhat….Kis liye kal ki baat. This song was in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bangla, Tamil and Telugu. ( In its Marathi film version-” माणूस “, this song was only in one language-Marathi.) Different Lyricists and MDs were used for each language. The song became very popular.

Second unusual song was from film ‘ Ghareeb ka Laal’-1939. The song lyrics had the names of 32 artistes, operating in Hindi films that time. Top Heroes and Heroines were mentioned in this song. The beginning of the song was ” Tuze Bibbo kahoon ya Sulochana, Uma shashi kahoon ki Jamuna “. This song was sung by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. In later years many songs with film artistes’ names came but none had so many names. Thus this record is still unbroken, in case of both songs.

Besides these songs, let us quickly take a look at some films of 1939….

Aadmi – Prabhat’s hit film, a remake of the Marathi film ” माणूस “. It had some good songs by Shanta Hublikar, Sundarabai Jadhav and Ram Marathe.

Adhuri Kahani – a trend of Tragedy films set by the effect of film ‘Devdas’. All the 3 main characters of this film commit suicide in the end.

Badi Didi – A New Theatres film.

Brandy ki Botal – Master Vinayak’s comedy remake of Marathi film ‘ ब्रॅंडीची बाटली ‘.

Dil hi to hai – Debut of Kidar Sharma as a Director and Ramola as a Heroine in a Hindi film.

Dushman – New Theatres’ film of Saigal, with only his 4 songs.

Ek hi Raasta – Sagar presents first film with 3 Heroes in one film.

Ghazi Salauddin – Debut of Khemchand Prakash as M.D.

Hukum ka Ikka – First film with a Triple role by Umakant Desai ( who later specialised as Lakshman in 7 films, including Ramrajya-43).

Imaandaar – Debut of actress Shamim Akhtar.

India in Africa – This was the First Hindi film to be shot abroad (in Africa). The Hero B. Nandrekar had also gone to Africa for its shooting. Naaz-54 was not the first such film, though HFGK mentions it so.( Ref – pp 69, Maharashtra-The Birthplace of Indian cinema by Isak Mujawar)

Kangan – First of the 4 Hit films of Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis, made by Bombay Talkies. Kavi Pradeep’s Debut as a Lyricist in this film.

Kapal kundala – New Theatres. Pankaj Mullick’s hit song ‘ Piya milan ko jaana ‘.

Leather Face – Debut of Meena Kumari as a child artiste.

Navjeevan – Debut of Hansa Wadkar as a Heroine- Bombay Talkies film.

Pukar – Hit film from Minerva Movietone. Naseem Bano sings ” Zindagi ka saaz bhi kya saaz hai….”

Indian filmmakers had practiced 4 ways of getting stories for their films, since the beginning of Talkie films.

1. Copy from older films
2. copy from other languages or remake them
3. use stories from Foreign films – especially Hollywood and
4. make a mixture of all this and make a film.

Hundreds of films were made on the stories of Alibaba. Alauddin, Sindbad, Thief of Baghdad, Hatimtai, Gul E Bakavali and other stories from the Arabian Nights. Hollywood films made on famous novels or dramas were another source of inspiration. When the Talkie films started, the first such film was made in 1933 itself titled- “Awara Shehzada “, with Shahu Modak as its Hero.This was the first Hindi film based on the famous novel of Mark Twain- The Prince and the Pauper, published in 1881. Films on this ” Look alike” theme were made in Hollywood as early as 1915 and 1920 This theme was used abundently in Hindi films like Ram aur Shyam, Don, Seeta aur Geeta, Kanoon and many more films. The list will be too long.

In 1937 a film ” Duniya kya Hai” was made by Lalita Pawar, based on Count Leo Tolstoy’s famous novel ” Resurrection”, published in 1899. The Hindi film was inspired by the Hollywood film ” We live again” made on this novel. In 1938, prakash pictures made ” Khwaab ki Duniya “. It was inspired by the popular Hollywood film ” The Invisible man”-1933, which was based on the famous novel of same name, by H.G.Wells in 1897. Subsequently many films like Mr. X, Mr. India etc were made in Hindi on this theme.

These are few examples to prove the point. There are umpteen number of such films. Sometimes the story departments of the film strudios play a clever game. They mix up the stories of 2-3 Hollywood films and make a Hindi film. Today’s film ” Nadi Kinare”-1939 was also made based on few scenes and themes from 3 Hollywood films, namely ” The king and the chorus girl”-1937, ” Bluebeard’s eighth wife “-1937 and ” The rage of Paris “-1938.

The film was directed by Manibhai Vyas (27-4-1920 to 14-11-1993). he directed 20 films from Dukhiyari-1937 to Shrikrishna Bhakti-1973. The MD was Gyan Dutt and the cast was Kumar, Sitara Devi,Indubala, Ram Marathe, Kantilal and others.There were 13 songs in the film sung by Indubala, Sitara Devi,Kantilal,Kalyani and Gyan Dutt himself. Lyrics were by P.L.Santoshi and D.N.Madhok.

Actor/singer Ram Marathe had done a child role in this film He is one of those child actors who left film world at the right time and pursued his hobby of classical singing. Consequently he bacame a big name in Classical Music all over India. His case reminds me of anothe child actor-n Shashi kapur Sr, who was much in demand as a child actor during the period 1944 to 1955. he did 21 films as a child actor. Then he left films, completed his M.Sc. and Ph.D. He went to USA and became a Professor of Maths in Michigan University in USA.

Actually many child actors like Baby naaz, M.Kabir, Sarosh Irani, Master Romi etc reached an age when they were neither child nor an adult. They stopped getting any roles and had to leave films. Child actor Ramchandra ( Ram) Marathe was born on 23-10-1924 in Poona and studied in Bhave school up to 10th.He and his brother ( Anant Marathe aka Anant kumar) worked in films as child actors, due to family conditions. They started work from 1936 onwards. Ram Marathe had an edge over his brother,in that he could sing too. Starting with Shahu Chor in 1936, he worked in Sagar movietone (6 films), Ranjit (3 films) and Prabhat (2 films), in addition to other companies like prakash, Mohan Pictures, Imperial etc. he acted as a child star in 16 films. he sang 11 songs in 6 films. After this Ram left films and started training in classical music-his liking. Here is a short bio of Ram Marathe, adapted from meetkalakar.com….

Ramchandra Purshottam Marathe (1924-1989) began his early career as an actor and singer in films produced by the Prabhat company. His formal training in music assumed a definite direction when he came under the tutelage of Master Krishnarao (Phulambrikar). Later, he trained under accomplished musicians such as Mirashibuwa of Gwalior and Vamanrao Sadolikar of Atrauli-Jaipur. His quest for widening his musical horizons culminated in a long-lasting discipleship (15 years) under Jagannathbuwa Purohit (“Gunidas”). As a consequence of his broad training and background, Rambhau’s music integrated the best of Gwalior, Agra and Jaipur styles. Rambhau was a stalwart in the field of Marathi Natya Sangeet. He was also known as a composer. Among his pupils is Ulhas Kashalkar.

Pt.Ram Marathe had performed in all the prestigious musical festivals at various places like Jalandhar, Patna, Lahore, Delhi, Gwalior, Calcutta, Banaras,Amritsar and almost all over Maharashtra. His contribution to Indian classical music was recognized with several Awards for his unique and successful performances. He was “A-top grade” Hindustani Classical Artist of All India Radio.

Since he had undergone proper Tabla training, he had a great command on Taal and Layakari. He had special command on Rare–Anvat Ragas & Jod Ragas and he was highly recognized for his clear and fast tankriyas and also for Purity of Ragas. He always used to enrich his audience with various semi-classical forms like Khayal, Tarana, Tappa, Natyasangeet, Thumri, Dadra & Bhajans in his concerts. Unlike the present classical singers, his concerts used to last more than 5 hours with the powerful intensity and stamina.

He started his stage career under the perusal of Natvarya Shri Ganpatrao Bodas in 1950 as a leading character in old classical musical dramas like Saubhadra, Sanshaykallol, Swayamvar, Ekach Pyala, Manapman etc. with veteran actor and actress such as Balgandharva, Hirabai Badodekar, Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan, Nanasaheb Phatak etc. Despite his busy schedule in concerts, he performed in 22 old & new Sangeet Natak with more than 5000 stage shows. This is purely out of his dedication and commitment towards Sangeet Rangbhoomi.

Composed music for more than 10 dramas such as – Mandarmala, Suvarna Tula, Meghmalhar, Tansen, Baiju etc. and acted in the play as a leading character role.

His disciples include many eminent classical singers like Pt. Ulhas Kashalkar, Sudhir Datar, Ram Pratham, Vishwanath Kanhere, Vishwanath Bagul, Yogini Joglekar, Shashikant Oak, Madhuwanti Dandekar, Sanjay Marathe & Mukund Marathe etc. (more than 50) and have got the training from him under the traditional Gurukul way of learning.

Maharashtra Government honoured the “Sangeet Bhushan” degree in 1961.
• Recognition by Government of Maharashtra in 1981 for successful completion and continuous 30 years of career in Marathi Sangeet Rangbhumi.

• Honoured “Sangeet Chudamani Degree” by Jagadguru Shankaracharya of Puri.

Appointed by AIR, New Delhi on the Northern (Hindustani) Music Audition Board Committee. Also Advisory Nagpur and other Universities in India.
More than 100 Records and number of CDs and LPs to his credit and composed more than 50 Bandish in various Ragas.
Ram Marathe died on 4-10-1989.

Today’s duet song is sung by Sitara Devi and Kantilal (18-4-1907 to 17-6-1971). Kantilal acted in 31 films and sang 59 songs in 24 films.


Song- Duniya Deewaani duniya deewaani (Nadi Kinaare)(1939) Singers- Sitara Devi, Kantilal, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Gyan Dutt
chorus

Lyrics

Duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewani

koi kahe haaye jigar
koi kahe dil
koi kahe haaye jigar
koi kahe dil
koi kahe chori chori
aake sajan mil
koi kahe chori chori
aake sajan mil
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

koi kahe dil na mila
aankh mila le
koi kahe dil na mila
aankh mila le
aankh mila le
koi kahe aankhon ke parde mein chhipa le
koi kahe aankhon ke parde mein chhipa le
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
koi khereede
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
duniya deewaani

duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

loot le joban ke maze
duniya hai phaani
loot le joban ke maze
duniya hai phaani
duniya hai phaani
dam bhar mein guzar jaayenga
ye khwaab e jawaani
dam bhar mein guzar jaayenga
ye khwaab e jawaani
duniya deewani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani

le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan
koi khareede
le ke dil aaya hoon main yahaan koi khareede
koi khereede

haaye
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
hai koi dil waala jo
dil deke ye dil le
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani
duniya deewaani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5182 Post No. : 17158

Today’s song is from the film Aap ki Marzi-1939. This film was made by Sudama productions, Bombay, founded by Dr. Ambadas patel, after Sagar Movietone merged with National Studios. This comedy social film was directed by Sarvottam Badami and the music was given by Gyan Dutt. The cast of the film was Sabita Devi, Motilala, Vasanti , mazhar, Khursheed, Sunalini devi, K.N.Singh, jagdish Sethi and others. Lyricists were P.L.Santoshi and S.P.Kalla Film Aap ki Marzi aka As you please-1939 was based on the hit Hollywood film” Paradise for 3 “-1938.

” FATE ” is a phenomenon which no one has understood so far and no one will ever know how it works.It makes the Rich a poor one and a Pauper may become a millionaire. Fate takes you through unknown destinations and you can niot guess where it will take you. There is no better example of this FATE, other than the life story of this film’s director.

The changes in the career of Sarvottam Badami took place are simply unimaginable. His life started as an ordinary Motor Garage mechanic.Fate made him a Film projectionist, an Automobile Engineer, a Sound Recording Engineer, a Film director of Tamil, Telugu and Hindi films, Film Division producer, An industrialist and finally a management Consultant ! Can you beat it ?

Sarvottam Badami was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner, forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.
At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the film Harishchandra left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi, had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh Bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a NewsReel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

Film industry is one place where the most unimaginable things happen. Here are some examples – A young man working as a laboratory Technician overnight becomes, albeit reluctantly, an actor and later on a famous Hero in Hindi films (Ashok Kumar), A Choreographer becomes a very famous and successful Director and actor (Guru Dutt), A Clerk in Government Rationing office touches the sky and becomes a heart throb Cinema Hero (Dev Anand), A Bus Conductor is turned into a famous cult Hero of South (Rajnikant), A simple young man goes to meet his actor brother in a studio and is mistaken for his brother and made a hero in 40 Hindi films(D.Billimoria), a clueless scholarly young man standing in a bus queue in Madras is picked up as a hero and works in about 55 hindi films (Ranjan). These are some examples of how, when Lady Luck smiles on a person, his life changes !

Here is one case. The case of the suave, handsome actor MOTILAL who had absolutely no dream of becoming a film hero ! Born in Shimla on 4 December 1910, Motilal Rajwansh came from a distinguished family. His father was a renowned educationist, who died when Motilal was one year old. He was brought up by his uncle who was a well-known civil surgeon in Uttar Pradesh. At first, Moti was sent to an English school at Shimla and later, in Uttar Pradesh (UP). Thereafter, he shifted to Delhi where he continued with school and college.

After leaving college, Motilal came to Bombay to join the Navy, but he fell ill and could not appear for the test. Fate had other choices charted out for him. One day, he went to see a film shoot at Sagar Studios, where director K. P. Ghosh was shooting. Motilal, even then, was quite the man about the town and he caught Ghosh’s eye. Motilal described this event in his inimitable style,in one of his interviews….” The director Ghosh Babu looked towards me and said,” please come here”. I first thought he was calling someone standing behind me. I looked back and moved to one side. Nobody came forward, but Ghosh Babu came to me and pointed his finger at me and said, ” Yes, I am talking to you. Please come here” I went with him .” In 1934 (aged 24), he was offered the hero’s role in Shaher Ka Jadoo -1934 by the Sagar Film Company. Sabita Devi and Motilal’s first movie as a pair in the famous Sagar Movietone, the movie Lure of the City (aka Shaher ka Jadoo) released on 29 th September 1934 at the Imperial Cinema Bombay.

Mehboob Khan was earlier selected for the lead role and was later replaced by Motilal. This was actor Motilal’s debut film and Motilal – Sabita made the best pair in the Sagar Film Company. They acted together in many other movies under the banner of the Sagar like, Silver King -1935, Dr Madhurika -1935, Lagna Bandhan -1936, Jeevan Lata -1939, Kulvadhu -1937, Kokila -1937, Three hundred days and after -1938 and later in Sudhama Films in Ap Ki Marzi -1939 and Minerva’s Prarthana -1944. He worked with Mehboob Khan in Jagirdar -1937 and Hum Tum Aur Woh -1938 under the Sagar Movietone banner, in Taqdeer -1943 for Mehboob Productions, and Kidar Sharma’s Armaan -1942 and Kaliyan -1944. He also acted in S. S. Vasan’s film Paigham -1959 (Gemini Studios), and Raj Kapoor’s Jagte Raho -1956. In 1965, he also acted in the Bhojpuri film Solaho Singar Kare Dulhaniya.

Perhaps the role for which he received the most critical appreciation was that of the gentleman crook in S. S. Vasan’s adaptation of R K Narayan’s book Mr Sampat -1952. He is most remembered for his role as “Chunni Babu” in Bimal Roy’s Devdas -1955, for which he won his first Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award. Actor Naseeruddin Shah once described him as one of three all-time best actors of Hindi cinema, others being Balraj Sahni and Yakub.

Motilal was very suave and polished, and moved in high society, though towards the end of his life he was in financial difficulty. Although a thorough gentleman, he enjoyed gambling and races, and died almost penniless on 17th June 1965.

Motilal was an excellent Pilot and owned a small aircraft. He rarely travelled by train and always liked to fly. His family life was happy. His wife was a doctor.

He was in a relationship for several years with the actress Nadira. He was later involved with actress Shobhna Samarth after she separated from her husband, and he played Samarth’s real-life daughter Nutan’s father in Hamari Beti, Shobhana’s launch movie for Nutan. He also played her guardian in Anari, though this time the role had a villainous touch to it.

Motilal and Ashok Kumar were popular stars at the same time. Ashok Kumar was employed by Bombay Talkies and Motilal was employed by Ranjit. It is said that Sardar Chandulal paid Rs. One lakh to Motilal in those days. Motilal was a gambler. Once Chandulal Shah paid his debt of 75000 rupees which Motilal had lost in gambling, just to keep Motilal with Ranjit ! It is surprising that Ashok Kumar never worked with Motilal’s Heroines-Shobhana Samarth or Khursheed and Motilal never worked with Ashok Kumar’s heroines- Devika Rani or Leela Chitnis !

Actor Chandra Mohan treated Motilal as his son. During the last days of Chandra mohan, once Motilal had gone to meet him. Chandra Mohan was drinking from a costly forein Whisky bottle, but he did not offer it to Motilal. Motilal was feeling bad and then Chandra Mohan said, ” I know you must be feeling bad that I am not offering you this Whisky, but trust me it is not whisky- I am drinking Bewada (country liquor) from this bottle and I don’t want my son to drink this dirty stuff ! ”

Motilal was the winner of Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Devdas -1955 and Parakh -1960. He is credited with being among Hindi cinema’s first natural actors.

He also directed the film Chhoti Chhoti Baatein -1965, but died before its release. At the 13th National Film Awards, it won the award for Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film and he posthumously won the Certificate of Merit for the Best Story Writer. ( adapted some information from Vithal Pandya’s book-Asli Nakli Chehere, wiki, Star portraits, nett4you, the book Sagar Movietone, and Shirish Kanekar’s book- Yaadon ki Baaraat, with thanks and my notes.)


Song- Gauven charaa ke Baanke Bihaari apne ghar nahin aate thhe (Aap Ki Marzi)(1939) Singers- Khursheed Bano, Gyan Dutt, Lyricist- P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt
Both

Lyrics

gauven charaa ke
baanke bihaari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe ae
gauven charaa ke baanke bihari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe
phir jaa ke kahaan kho jaate thhe
phir jaa ke kahaan ko jaate thhe ae

gauven charaa ke baanke bihaari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe ae
gauven charaa ke baanke bihari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe

saath chhodkar gwaal baal sang
kunjon mein chhup jaate thhe
saath chhodkar gwaal baal sang
kunjon mein chhup jaate thhe
phir jaise hi ghar aate thhe
wo thappad maa ka khaate thhe
phir jaise hi ghar aate thhe
wo thappad maa ka khaate thhe

bansi baja ke Raadha ko wo
chupke chupke bulaate thhe
haan
bansi baja ke Raadha ko wo
chupke chupke bulaate thhe

sun bansi ki taan niraali
aji Raadha
aji Raadha
ho matwaali
sun bansi ki taan niraali
aji Raadha
aji Raadha
ho matwaali
donon raas rachaate thhe
kuchh hanste thhe kuchh gaate thhe
donon raas rachaate thhe
kuch hanste thhe kuchh gaate thhe
wo apna jee bahlaate thhe
wo apna jee bahlaate thhe
gauven charaa ke baanke bihaari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe
gauven charaa ke baanke bihaari
apne ghar nahin aate thhe


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5169 Post No. : 17138

“Kangan”(1939) was produced by Sasadhar Mukherjee,Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani and directed by Franz Osten for Bombay Talkies, Bombay. The movie had Leelal Chitnis, Ashok Kumar, V.H.Desai, P.F.Pithawala, Mubarak, Saroj Borkar, Narendranath Tuli, Karuna devi,Ishrat, Nana Palsikar, Arun Kumar, Pratima, Ranibala,Sarla Kumara, Balwant Singh etc in it.

The movie had 12 songs in it. six songs have been covered so far.

Here is the seventh song from “Kangan”(1939) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Leela Chitnis. Narottam Vyas is the lyricist. Saraswati devi is the music director.

Only the audio of the song is available. it is clear that the song was picturised on Leela Chitnis herself.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

audio link:

Song-Jogan bhatak rahi hai ban ban (Kangan)(1939) Singer-Leela Chitnis, Lyrics-Pt Narottam Vyas, MD-Saraswati devi

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

Jogan
bhatak
rahee ee hai
ban ban
vaa ko o o
paaney ae ae
jaa ko o
denaa aa aa
thhaa aa aa rey ae ae
tan man
jogan
bhatak
rahee ee hai ban ban
jogan
bhatak
rahee hai ban ban

vaa ko o o paaney aey ae ae
jaa ko denaa thhaa aa rey ae ae tan man
jogan bhatak rahee hai ban ban

saawan kee aadhee ee barsaatein aen
paavas ki andhiyaaree raatein aen
raah na paate aey ae ae
dhoondhti phiratee ee ee
raah na paate aey ae
dhoondhti phiratee ee
jo ?? ee woh o o hai ae na mero dhan
jogan bhatak rahee hai ae ae ban ban
jogan bhatak rahee hai ae ae ban ban


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

5094 Post No. : 17023

———————————————–—————————————
Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 58
————————————————————————————–

This date (29 June) ten years ago (2012) saw four songs from four movies getting covered in the blog. Here are their details:-

Blog Post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
6147 Gaawo gaawo ae mere saadhu Miss Frontier Mail (1936) Movie YIPPEED by now
6148 Suno suno ban ke praani Amar Jyoti (1936) 7 Songs out of 11 covered
6149 Rang rangeela saanwraa mohe mil gaya jamuna paar Baarood(1960) Movie YIPPEED by now
6150 Maut aayegi maut aani hai Naghmaa(1953) Movie YIPPEED by now

We can observe that three movies (out of four) whose songs were covered ten years ago have since been YIPPEED in the blog. That leaves us with only one movie that is still eligible for Blog Ten Year Challenge today (29 June 2022).

This movie is “Amar Jyoti”(1936). “Amar Jyoti”(1936) was directed by V Shantaram for Prabhat Film Company Poona. The movie had Durga Khote, Shanta Apte, Vaasanti, Karuna devi, Chandra Mohan, V.Nandrekar, Gajendra, K.Narain Kale, S.K. kulkarni, Vasant Desai etc in it.

Seven songs from “Amar Jyoti”(1936) have been covered in the blog so far. Here is the eighth song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Vasant Desai. Pt Narottam Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Master Krishna Rao.

The song is picturised on Vasant Desai (I guess) and Durga Khote.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Audio link:

video link:

Song-Kaaraj ki jyot sadaa hi jarey (Amar Jyoti)(1936) Singer-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Pt Narottam Vyas, MD-Master Krishna Rao

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

kaaraj ki jyot sadaa hi jarey ae
kaaraj ki jyot sadaa hi jarey ae
ek jan jaaye
doojaa aaye ae
phir bhi jyot badhey ae ae
phir bhi jyot badhey ae ae

jyoti ke is lagaataar mein ae ae
jyoti ke ae
jyoti ke is lagaataar mein ae ae ae ae ae
jyoti ke is lagaataar mein
karta hi biharey ae ae ae ae ae
karta hi biharey
kaaraj ki jyot sadaa hi jarey
kaaraj ki jyot sadaa hi jarey
ek jan jaaye
doojaa aaye ae ae
phir bhi jyot badhey ae ae ae ae
phir bhi jyot badhey ae
kaaraj ki jyot

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

कारज की ज्योत सदा ही जरे
कारज की ज्योत सदा ही जरे
इक जन जाये
दूजा आए ए
फिर भी ज्योत बढ़े ए ए
फिर भी ज्योत बढ़े ए ए

ज्योति के इस लगातार में ए ए
ज्योति के
ज्योति के इस लगातार में ए ए ए ए
ज्योति के इस लगातार में
कर्ता ही बिहारे ए ए ए ए
कर्ता ही बिहारे

कारज की ज्योत सदा ही जरे
कारज की ज्योत सदा ही जरे
इक जन जाये
दूजा आए
फिर भी ज्योत बढ़े ए ए ए ए
फिर भी ज्योत बढ़े ए
कारज की ज्योत


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is the 17000th song post for the blog.

Blog Day :

5077 Post No. : 17000 Movie Count :

4606

Mega milestone.
Mega event.
And a Mega Rare song being discovered.

Given the age of online proliferation and sharing, it is a great event that one chances to discover a film song that one does not even begin to imagine may even exist.

Of course yes, the song is identified and listed in the Geet Kosh. But as is the case with the majority of the listed songs in the 1931-40 volume of Geet Kosh (Volume I), we do not even pause to glance at the list of songs on page after page, unless we come across a fuller body of description for a film of that era. And verily so. Out of the close to 9,900 hundred songs listed for 930+ films that are slated for that decade, sadly enough, less than 1,200 are actually available at this time. That is the state of affairs we have at this time.

And that so, more acutely, for the first five years of that decade (1931-35) – total films are 433, total songs listed are approximately 5,000+. Films for which one or more songs are available – is just 53. And the songs – just about 152. [Note: These numbers are based on my familiarity of the songs available with myself and a few of the serious collectors within my circle of music lover friends. It is very possible that there are one/some/few more songs that may be existing in some collection, but the same are not known in public domain as yet.]

As is the case with this song. An obscure film from 1932. Geet Kosh has no details about the songs of this film. The film has been produced under the banner of Imperial Movietone. Yes, the very same company that carries the credit for releasing the first Indian talkie film – ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931. The film has two other alias names – ‘The Youth’ and ‘चन्द्रप्रभा’ (‘Chandraprabha’). The name of the director of this film is listed as BP Mishra (the Imperial Movietone company was founded and owned by Ardeshir Irani). As per the Geet Kosh information, the story of this film was also written by BP Mishra. The star cast of this film is listed as Master Vitthal, Armelin, Hadi, Jamshed Ji, Rustom Punawala, and Sakhu.

All that much, and no more. No more information available for the music and songs of this film. As I said, one would not even pause at the page to glance at this film.

But then surprise connections do turn up, which lead to discoveries that can only be termed as major, even though we may not want to use the ‘miraculous’ qualifier. Some years back, we had this sensational discovery of one 78 rpm record that carries two songs whose mukhda (song title) match with two songs which are listed for the 1931 film ‘Trapped’ aka ‘Farebi Jaal’. The credit for the discovery and sharing of the information goes to Dr. Jeetendra Shrimali of Baroda University.

And then, this song. About five weeks ago, I was at the Shah Music Center, near Jama Masjid in Old Delhi. Dear friend Zafar Shah had called me, to show me a set of 78 rpm records that he has recently acquired. A good number of these records are dated for the first decade of the Hindi film song – 1931-40. Majority of these records are in near pristine condition, as if the needle has not yet been placed on them even once. Just to see such rare beauties and to hold them in one’s hand is an experience that makes waves of joy and satisfaction pass through the heart.

And so, here is a very excited Zafar Bhai handing me these shellac discs one by one, and I am gazing at them in awe with a lump in my throat. Then he hands me a disc with an HMV label (back colored), which carries the record number as P5799. He asks me to check the label details. It just has these words on it – ‘Hindi’, ‘Duet’, ‘Azizan, Lateefan’, and a title for the song which reads “कदम तले आजाईओ कटीले काजलवाले” in Hindi, and then also in Urdu script. There is another number close to the bottom of the label – ‘12-14001’. Then Zafar Bhai pointed out a brief scribble in blue pen, on the label. Words written in three lines that read – ‘Zaalim Jawaani 1932’. Then quickly he picked up the GK volume I, turned to the page 58 where this film is listed at serial no. 83. And then pointed to the song no. 12 in the list of songs of this film. Yes, we have a mukhda match – and we have a rare and sensational discovery. I would like to add that incidentally, the 78 rpm record of the songs of film ‘Trapped’ was discovered by Akbar Shah, father of Zafar Bhai.

Since the time of the discovery of the record of ‘Trapped’, Zafar Bhai and I have occasionally discussed the situation of 1931-35. Many possible scenarios may exist. A song that is already released as a non-film song, was picked up for use in a film by the producer director. Most likely, in those years, no one thought of using the words ‘film song’ for the songs used in the film. And then also possible that the songs prepared for the film itself, were recorded and released on discs, not as film song, but as simply a song, with no reference to the film itself. It surely is an exercise of searching for such songs like searching for needle in a haystack. Examining the records of non film songs of that period and then attempting to match the title line with a song listed in GK Volume I. Mind boggling indeed it is. It is only in the next year i.e. 1932, we have the first instances of film songs being released on 78 rpm records, with the name of the film also printed on the label. The film ‘Madhuri’ of 1932 is likely the first film to do this.

And so, maybe short of an actual miracle, the discovery being shared today is of that proportion. And a proportion the merits and befits the humongous milestone that we reach today. Considering that the first five decades of the Hindi film song, we see listed almost 45,000+ songs. Give or take few hundreds for the later decades, we have today knocked on 17,000th door of this majestic an melodious mansion.

Statistics are always imposing and inspiring. And we do intend to take that route every time a milestone of certain significance is breached. So there are averages and rates and calculations galore. We present the numbers viewed from every which way / direction / perspective. No end to that presentation, as we continue to find more and new ways to slice and dice and present the numbers.

And I think so many times – enough about the numbers. We are all now convinced that this project is not replic-able. It is not surmountable – in any which way. The numbers are simply so huge that it is well nigh impossible to recreate a competitive idea. But then of course, we, our group, is not in here for any competition. When all is said/done/calculated/presented etc. the sublimate that remains is simply – an undying love for this art form, and a dogged persistence (pun intended 🙂 ) that in the final count, has made the difference for this presentation space across the entire and unlimited landscape of the internet.

And yet, the mind still wants to pause, and to savor, and yes, to even gloat about this wonderful flavor that simply says – Seventeen Thousand. A few midnight candles, and a few early morning sunrisers – are always awake every day of every week, of every month, of every year. And there is an incessant click somewhere on the clock of the universe – a tick that has AtulSongADay written on it.

The metronome continues to chime every so often. There is work to be done. There is an equal number, and more, of these musical vignettes that are still waiting – to be touched, to be embellished, to be praised and to be displayed.

And I am reminded of Robert Frost –

(We) . . . have promises to keep
Miles to go before I sleep

The promises are not to people and followers of this Grand Musical Bandwagon.

The promises are to these songs, and to this art form itself.

Yes, miles to go before I sleep

Good night and God bless.

Tomorrow, is another day, and another set of songs.

तमन्ना है ये साथ चलते रहें हम ना बीते कभी ये सफर

The sublime desire that remains is to keep traveling together
And that this journey may never cease

 


Song – Kadamb Taley Aa Jaiyo Ho Kateele Kaajalwaale  (Zaalim Jawaani) (1932) Singer – Azizan, Lateefan, Lyrics – Unknown, MD – Unknown
Azizan + Lateefan

Lyrics

oo oo ooo
aa aaa aaa aaa
aaa aaa aaa

kadamb taley ?? ??
aaa aaaa aaaa
kadamba taley aa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley aa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

ho raja ji mohe haro ri ranga de
raja ji mohe haro ri ranga de
haro ri ranga de
haro ranga de
peelo ranga de
?? laal ranga de
kadamba taley aa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

sone ki thalia mein juna parosa
sone ki thalia mein juna parosa
juna parosa
aahe kadamba taley khaa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley khaa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

aahe soney ka garva ganga jal paani
soney ka garva ganga jal paani
ganga jal paani
kadamba taley pee jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley pee jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

aahe ?? paan ko beeda lagaaya
?? paan ko beeda lagaaya
beeda lagaaya
aahe kadamba taley khaa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley khaa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley aa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

aahe kusum kaliyon ne sej bichhaayi
kusum kaliyon ne sej bichhaayi
sej bichhaayi
aahe kadamba taley so jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale
kadamba taley aa jaiyo kateele kaajalwaale

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

ओ ओ ओ
आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ

कदम्ब तले ?? ??
आ आ आ
कदम्ब तले आ जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
कदम्ब तले आ जइओ कटीले काजल वाले

हो राजा जी मोरे हरो री रंगा दे
राजा जी मोरे हरो री रंगा दे
हरो री रंगा दे
हरो रंगा दे
पीलो रंगा दे
?? लाल रंगा दे
कदम्ब तले आ जइओ कटीले काजल वाले

सोने की थाली में जूना परोसा
सोने की थाली में जूना परोसा
जूना परोसा
आहे कदम्ब तले खा जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
कदम्ब तले खा जइओ कटीले काजल वाले

आहे सोने का गरवा गंगाजल पानी
सोने का गरवा गंगाजल पानी
गंगाजल पानी
आहे कदम्ब तले पी जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
आहे कदम्ब तले पी जइओ कटीले काजल वाले

आहे ?? पान का बीड़ा लगाया
?? पान का बीड़ा लगाया
बीड़ा लगाया
आहे कदम्ब तले खा जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
कदम्ब तले खा जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
कदम्ब तले आ जइओ कटीले काजल वाले

आहे कुसुम कलियों ने सेज बिछाई
कुसुम कलियों ने सेज बिछाई
सेज बिछाई
आहे कदम्ब तले सो जइओ कटीले काजल वाले
कदम्ब तले आ जइओ कटीले काजल वाले


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5026 Post No. : 16934

Today’s song is from the film Diwali-1940.

Going through the Film Index book, listing all Hindi films from 1931 to 2012, I was surprised to see that only one film was made with the title of Diwali. One more film was Diwali ki Raat-56. Similarly, only one film was made with the title Dussehra-1956. There are 2 films on Holi-1940 and 1984 while another was Holi ayee re of 1970. This is the end of Indian Festival films. 2 Films were made on Eid ka chaand in 1933 and 1964, Idd ka salaam-1976 and finally Idd Mubarak-1988.

I fail to understand, when so many films are made on Mythological stories, Gods, Arabian Night stories and Mughal Kings, why were the filmmakers disinterested in making films on Indian festivals ? It is ofcourse most unlikely, rather impossible, that any Indian producer will read my question and give a convincing answer. Likewise there are not many songs on Diwali or other festivals either. I found many songs on Holi and Rakhi, though. I don’t expect any explanation for this either !

I am not aware of the storyline or any other matter concerning today’s film. The film was made by Ranjit Movietone and was directed by Jayant Desai. Music was given by the inhouse MD- Khemchand Prakash. This was his first film with Ranjit. Before him Gyan Dutt was the resident MD who worked from 1937 to 1940. After Khemchand prakash left Ranjit, it was Bulo C Rani from 1945 onwards.

In the early era, Ranjit was one of the most powerful and famous filmmaking companies in India, boasting of famous and popular artistes on its payroll. owned by Chandulal Shah, Ranjit Movietone made,in all, 175 films during its existence. Calcutta’s New Theatres, however, stands tall at No.1 with 177 films to its credit.

Film Diwali-1940 had 13 songs, written by D N Madhok, Pt. Sudarshan and P L Santoshi, but HFGK does not credit any song to any Lyricist. The cast of the film was Motilal, Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Keshavrao Datey, Dikshit, Indubala, Suresh, Vasanti etc.etc. The name of Indubala is a misfit. She was a Bengali and did Hindi films mainly made by Calcutta producers in Calcutta and she acted during a period from 1932 to 1949. She sang 30 Hindi songs in 14 films She acted in 33 Hindi films. In most films, she did comic roles. Even in this film she is paired with comedian Dikshit ( of the Ghori-Dikshit pair of the 1930s films). Here is Indubala’s Biodata based on an article by Dr, J.P.Guha, with thanks to him.

Indubala’s mother was Rajabala, who along with sister Matibala and brother Tinkary worked in Motilal Bose’s The Great Bengal Circus, also known as Bose’s Circus or Professor Bose’s Circus. Harimati was the eldest sister of Rajabala and had a different life. Rajabala performed mainly as a trapeze artiste and got married to Motilal Bose at a temple in Ujjain, India. At the time he was then in his forties while Rajabala was still a teenager. The marriage was never accepted as legal by Motilal’s family. Motilal Bose’s first wife was Mrs. Annadamohini Devi.

Indubala was born in November, 1899 at Amritsar, where the circus party had gone for performance. Indu was born premature and Dr. Bidhumukhi Basu was taken to Amritsar from Calcutta to attend Rajbala. Such was the affection and concern of the husband for his young wife. Motilal’s interest in Rajbala dwindled later, supposedly because Rajbala showed no interest in going back to the circus after Indu’s birth and soon she was left to fend for herself. She came to Calcutta with her daughter and was given shelter by a Jiban Krishna Ghosh, who remained loyal to her till his death and also played a major role in establishing Indubala in her life as a performer. Once in Calcutta, Rajabala trained herself as a singer and Indubala’s first training in music was from her mother. The initial plan was to train Indu as a nurse and she was admitted as a trainee in a hospital in the Pataldanga locality of Calcutta. Indu did not take fancy in the job and ran away from the hospital, much to the disappointment of her mother, who never wanted her only daughter to be forced into a life of indignity.

After this incident Indubala’s musical training started. Although her father ignored wife Rajabala completely, he remained fond of his daughter and kept in touch with her and often invited her to his ancestral home where he lived during his brief visits to Calcutta and sent her a monthly pocket money of Rupees twenty till his death. Indubala’s first performance was at a gathering of distinguished guests where her mother was the chief entertainer. Each one of the guests appreciated Indu’s singing and thus began her formal training from Gouri Shankar Mishraji. Indu was only about twelve then. This also marked the entry of Indubala into the red light world. Amongst her trainers were Kali Prasad Mishra, Elaahi Bux and Miss Gauhar Jaan. Apart from music, Miss Gauhar Jaan, credited as Prima Donna of India, Indu also learned etiquette from the elder artiste and developed a close friendship with her. This association provided Indu with valuable musical knowledge and experience.

In later years she took training from Girin Chakraborty, Kamal Dasgupta, Subal Dasgupta, Jamiruddin Khan and Kazi Nazrul Islam. In time she came to be one of the major exponents of Nazrul songs and her songs along with those of Miss Angurbala and Kamala Jharia are still referred to for authenticity of lyrics and tunes of Nazrul songs. In 1916, Indubala recorded her first songs. She was brought into the record circle by Bhagabati Charan Bhattacharya and Mr. Manindra Nath Ghosh, alias Mantababu, himself a gramophone singer of repute. The first songs published as a record were Asha Phuraye Gelo, Sindhu Khambaj and Aar Mukhey Boley Ki Hobey, Kedara. The record number was P 4306. In the beginning she did not take any money from the Gramophone Company and as such was credited in the records as Miss Indubala (Amateur). She was not the first amateur artiste of the company but enjoyed the privilege of announcing her name at the end of each song saying “My name is Indubala”. The amateur status continued for a fairly long period. Later on she received Rupees two hundred per record and also received a royalty of five per cent over the sales. Her first songs of Nazrul on the disc were “Cheyona Sunayana” and “Rumjhum Rumjhum Ke Eley Nupur Paye”. The record number was P 11661. To Indubala also goes the credit of being the first Bengali artiste to record Hindustani songs for the Gramophone Company. For the Indian State Broadcasting Center, later named All India Radio, Indubala first sang on the second day of the radio company’s broadcasting in 1927 in Calcutta and went on singing in this medium for nearly fifty years. Over the radio, Indubala sang not only from Calcutta but from several other stations by special invitation all over India. Apart from discs and the radio, Indubala was well established by the thirties in cultural functions all over India. Frequent invitations used to come from Shahjahanpur, Pakur, Madras, Bangalore, Palanpur, Nagpur, Hyderabad, Oudh, Trivandrum, Vizagapattam, Ajmer, Coimbatore, Dacca and several other places.

In 1936 she was appointed court musician to His Highness, The Maharajah of Mysore. She received a monthly salary of Rupees two hundred and fifty and this continued till the time when the native princes faced withdrawal of privy purse. In all Indubala had recorded some two hundred and eighty songs, including about two hundred forty basic songs, the rest being from films. Indubala’s first stage appearance was in The Rambagan Female Kali Theatre, established by her mother Rajabala in 1922. Both mother and daughter took part in the plays and Indubala appeared in about twelve plays in this short-lived company which lasted for only two years and in 1924 she joined Calcutta’s most prestigious stage, The Star Theatre. She continued to appear on the stage mainly in singing roles and her songs were a major attraction in each of the plays. By rotation she acted in all the public theaters of Calcutta and even took part in the Hindi Parsee Theatre in 1945 and 1946, the plays being Ghar Ki Laaj and Jasoos. Her last appearance in the public stage was in the play Prithviraj in the role of Mehga at Star Theatre in 1950. Thereafter she worked in call shows till almost 1958.

Jamuna Puliney (1933) has been credited as her first film. This is probably because this was her first film contract although Ankh Ka Tara (1932) released before Jamuna Puliney. In all she acted in about forty eight films in Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Tamil languages. In most of them, she had songs as a major attraction or else did comic roles as in Bengali Indira (1937) and Hindi Diwali (1940) to name a few. She did the role of Dhai Ma in both the versions of Swayamsiddha (1947). Thereafter she was not seen on the screen. As a playback singer she lent her voice in films like Alibaba (1937), Chandragupt (1934) in Hindi, Ab E Hayat (1933) in Urdu and Dil Ki Pyaas (1935) also in Urdu. She did not act in these four films. Indubala did not receive any major award apart from the Gold Disc given on behalf of His Master’s Voice. The government of India never considered her name for any award. The Sangeet Natak Academy however honoured her with a lifetime achievement award in 1975. The government of West Bengal, India however did arrange for a pension for which a lot of running about had to be done.

In personal life, Indubala was most humble and polite and bold in her behavior and was never ashamed to admit or discuss her origin. Even when established as a major singing artiste with an all India fame, she refused to move out to a respectable place leaving her residence in Rambagan, a notorious red light area of Calcutta. Indubala got herself involved in voluntary work for the uplift of fallen women and worked actively for their rights in society through various organizations, which were patronized by top political leaders of the time. She had some interesting hobbies like writing poetry and collecting perfumes.

Even at old age all the empty perfume bottles were kept within her view. She was fond of jewelry too and had a great collection, either purchased or gifted by admirers. These valuables vanished when she was too unwell to keep track of them. Her contemporary artiste Miss Angurbala was a close friend with whom she confided and shared the joys and sorrows of life and this friendship lasted till the very end. Indubala adopted a nephew of her mother’s friend Jiban Krishna Ghosh. The boy’s name was Pranab Ghosh. This foster son did not look after her mother very much when in old age Indubala suffered from conditions like cataract and then paralytic strokes. It was Dr. Badan Sengupta who made necessary arrangements for her treatment. She could not afford nursing homes and therefore was treated at state government hospitals in all occasions of illness.

The end came on the thirtieth day of November, 1984 after a prolonged illness during which again Dr. Badhan Sengupta looked after her as his own mother. Perhaps by coincidence her friend Angurbala died the same year.

Today’s song is sung by Vasanti and Suresh. Vasanti was a very well known and popular Child star. So was Suresh. However Suresh became an adult star in later years. I know of only 2 child artistes, who left the film world, though they were in great demand. First was Vasant, who got married at an appropriate age and left films. The second was Shashi Kapoor Sr. who quit a quite flourishing film career to pursue higher education. He spent his life as a Professor in an US University.

Let us now listen to the duet of Vasanti and Suresh.


Song- Ye bade sahab ka topa hai (Diwali)(1940) Singer- Vasanti, Suresh, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Ye bade sahab ka topa hai
ye memsaab ka baja
Ye bade sahab ka topa hai
ye memsaab ka baja
ye dholak Natthu dhobi ki
ye Kalkatte ka Raja
ye dholak Natthu dhobi ki
ye Kalkatte ka Raja

Ye bade sahab ka topa hai
ye memsaab ka baja
Ye bade sahab ka topa hai
ye memsaab ka baja
ye dholak Natthu dhobi ki
ye Kalkatte ka Raja
ye dholak Natthu dhobi ki
ye Kalkatte ka Raja

Raja ke ghar saab aaya
gitpit gitpit boley
Raja ke ghar saab aaya
gitpit gitpit boley
Raja Rani pade soch mein
kaun kiwaade kholey
Raja Rani pade soch mein
kaun kiwaade kholey

Natthu dhobi aaya re
Natthu dhobi aaya re
sang mein dholak laaya re
sang mein dholak laaya re

dhanak dhanak dhan dhanak dhanak dhan
dholak baaje re
dhanak dhanak dhan dhanak dhanak dhan
dholak baaje re
raja ke ghar topey waala
saath biraaje re
raja ke ghar topey waala
saath biraaje re

maange sodawater
oye
maange sodawater
Raja ?? baaje
Raja ?? baaje
maange sodawater
maange sodawater
Raja ?? baaje
Raja ?? baaje

haa aa ha ha ha ha aha
aah ha ha ha h ah
haa aa ha ha ha ha aha
aah ha ha ha h ah
haa aa ha ha ha ha aha
aah ha ha ha h ah
haa aa ha ha ha ha aha
aah ha ha ha h ah
hey


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 5022 Post No. : 16930 Movie Count : 4596

Today’s song is from an obscure old film – Chhote Sarkar-1938.

My today’s post is No.32 of this year i.e. 2022. Since 1st January 2022, the pattern of my poists seems to have changed perceptibly. Earlier I was known for writing on films of the 30’s and the 40’s on priority, but this year, till my last post (31 posts), I have written only 3 posts on films of the 30’s, only 11 posts on films of the 40’s but 17 posts on films of the 50’s. Come to think of it, there is no intentional shift in my policy or any purpose in doing so, but it looks like it is happening inadvertently. My today’s post will be only the 4th post on a film of the 30’s this year.

Do I have an inclination towards antique films ? YES is the answer. I like to bring the unknown, the less known and the not so famous artistes of the early era to light, to bring the pillars of the film industry in Limelight, so that the younger generation knows about them and becomes aware of the difficult times through which the stalwarts carried our film industry towards today’s Glory !

While doing so, I had to do the hard yards to dig information about these forgotten artistes, contact several Historians, buy and read many books, spend hours on the Internet and collect and record the information. I was singularly Lucky to get a suitable platform to showcase my results, in the form of Atul ji’s Blog. Atul ji’s help in publishing my posts untiringly has helped not only me but the Blog has also now become a storehouse of Credible, Reliable Information on the old timers in the film world, for the use of future students of film history. Thanks a million, Atul ji.

During the writing of my posts here since 2012 till date, I have noticed one thing. I am not sure of anyone else, other than Atul ji, who has also noticed it. I observed that in the early times of this Blog from 2008, the number of visitors kept on increasing and many of the visitors took pleasure in putting in their comments on almost every post. Comments on popular film songs were naturally more, but later readers also commented on other posts, about the artistes, songs, film making, their experiences and provided additional information. Therefore, visiting the Blog was a pleasure not only to enjoy the songs posted, but also to read different comments from the readers.

I remember there were several readers from abroad who used to write comments. There were comments from readers from Singapore, Fiji, Malaysia, Australia, Newzealand, Africa, European countries, UK, USA, Dubai, Pakistan and also from several cities of India like Lucknow, Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Pune,Andhra, Madras, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala – in fact from all nooks and corners of India and the world. Many of them were quite knowledgeable too.

Unfortunately, from somewhere from 2016-17 onwards I saw a steady drop in the number of comments from readers. Notably comments from readers from abroad diminished considerably and as of today, their number is almost nil. What could be the reason for this change ? One guess is that the older generation which commented is now too old and hence not active. The other guess could be that initially, as the Blog was new, most songs posted were the popular and well known ones, which the readers knew well, but slowly that stock, naturally, thinned out and unknown and unheard new but old songs were being discussed, which were not known to many present readers to comment upon.

The second guess seems to be more convincing. Nowadays younger contributors are posting songs from the 70’s, 80’s and the 90’s and comments are trickling from equally younger readers, though not so many as in the past. I believe the trend of appreciation, encouraging and commenting changes with the change of Readers’ Profiles.

Today’s film Chhote Sarkar-1938 was made by Sundar Movietone (never heard of it). It was directed by Homi Master. He was one of the directors of the First Generation of Hindi films of the early era, who was a spillover from the Silent Film Era. Since his career as a Director ended in 1946, there is no chance that the younger generation readers would know about him, so here is some information on him.

Homi Master (1900–1949) was an actor-director of early Indian cinema. His work extended from the silent era to the talkie era and up to his death. He produced his best films for Kohinoor Film Company and he has been referred to as “silent cinema’s most successful film-maker”.

He acted as Duryodhan in the then-controversial film Bhakta Vidur (1921), as hero in Kala Naag and Kulin Kanta. Some of his important films were Bismi Sadi, Manorama, Do Ghadi Ki Mauj (1935), Samaj Ki Bhool (1934) and Gul Sanobar (1934). He was active from 1921 to 1949 and made over seventy-eight films. His later films in Gujarati and Hindi were termed as B movies. He died in 1949.

At the age of thirteen, Master joined a famous Parsi theatre group called Bilwala. He soon became a popular stage actor, with his performance in Pakzaad Parveen being appreciated. Following a brief stint at the Phalke Film company, he joined Kohinoor Film Company working initially as an actor. He went on to direct films for them starting with Bismi Sadi.

Homi Master acted in three films before getting a chance to direct. The three films, Bhakta Vidur (1921) (in the role of Duryodhan), Ajamil (1922) and Vratasur Vadha (1923), were directed by Kanjibhai Rathod. He played the lead role in Kala Naag, a film he helped co-direct with Rathod in 1924. A crime drama, it was the first “recorded example” using real-life characters and was based on the Champsi-Haridas Murder case in Bombay.

In 1924, Master started his career as a director with Dwarka Sampat’s Kohinoor Film Company. His first film for Kohinoor was Bismi Sadi, starring Raja Sandow, Miss Moti and Noor Mohammed Charlie. The film was about a hawker who becomes a mill-owner and goes on to exploit the people working under him. Manorama (1924) was based on the famous Gujarati romantic poet Kalapi’s autobiographical poem “Hridaya Triputi”. The film was made in the fantasy genre and broke “all records” when it ran for fourteen weeks.

Other significant films at this time were The Telephone Girl (1926), also called Telephone Ni Taruni, produced by Kohinoor, and starring Ruby Myers, Gohar and Raja Sandow. Educated Wife or Bhaneli Bhamini (1927), was another Kohinoor film with Gohar, Vaidya and Raja Sandow. They were social films that were successful at the box office.

Gul Sanobar (1928) was a fantasy production from Kohinoor Film Company, based on Persian fairy tale romances, and directed by Master. It starred the then-popular star Khalil with Miss Yakbal. The film was later remade in 1934, with the same name, directed by Master and produced by Imperial Film Company. The cast included stars of the time like Sulochana (Ruby Myers), D. Billimoria and Zubeida.

His 1934 film Samaj Ki Bhool, was a social film promoting a widow’s right to remarry. It starred Jamshedji, Lalita Pawar, Jilloobai, Dulari and Rafiq Ghaznavi, with music composed by Pransukh Nayak.

In 1935, he directed three films Do Ghadi Ki Mauj a social film produced by Imperial, starring Ruby Myers and D. Billimoria; Ghar Jamai, a social comedy, a Hindi/Gujarati bilingual, produced by Premier Films with story by Mohanlal G. Dave. (A story about a “resident son-in-law” that became a “major success” at the box office). The third film, Naya Zamana was again produced by Premier Films and starred Heera and Ghulam Mohammed with music by Khansaheb.

It was said that Master was sent abroad to Europe to market Phalke’s films . He teamed successfully with scenarist Mohan lal Dave and cameraman D.D.Dabke with actress Gohar to make many popular films. Gohar called him the most dramatic director , better than Mohan Bhavnani or even Chandulal Shah. His first Talkie film was Saubhagya Sundari-1933 and the last was Chamkati Bijli-1946.

He continued to direct films making ‘B’ class films and some in the Gujarati language. According to the Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, he worked as a production manager at Kardar Studios towards the end of his career. He died in 1949. ( based on The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, wiki, Film world-1946 and my notes).

The cast of the film was Jal Merchant, Leela Chitnis, Panna, Heera, Meher Bano, Raj kumari etc. Jal Merchant was a typical Parsi born on 15-1-1920 and brought up in the Parsi Colony area in Bombay. Though his family had a business, he did not join it as he was keen to make a career in films. Bombay being the centre of filmmaking he had plenty of chances. He did not have a masculine, wide chested body, but he compensated with his superb acting skills. He could also sing in his soft voice.

It was a colorful stellar team that Jal Merchant formed with Zubaida in the early talkies. But it was in mythological roles, and not romantic parts, that they first won the hearts of cinegoers. The first picture that made them a rage everywhere was Sagar’s “Veer Abhimanyu,” in which Jal played Abhimanyu to Zubaida’s Uttara. In the next one- Subhadra Haran-32, Jal was Arjun, Abhimanyu’s father, while Zubaida played Subhadra.

Like Zubaida, Jal Merchant joined films in the “silent days”. It was a change of medium for him, for he had been playing female roles on the Gujarati stage! His performance as the heroine of “Shankit Hriday,” a Gujarati play, proved a hit, and Nagendra Majumdar, who directed the play, induced him to switch over to screen acting. Jal joined the Imperial Film Company, and among his early films the most notable was “Vasant Bengali,” a social picture directed by R.S. Chowdhury. In those days, the screen hero generally had more brawn than brains, but the lead player of “Vasant Bengali” was called upon to show more intelligence than physical prowess. Jal did just that – and won instant fame.

After the advent of sound, Jal’s first four films for Sagar were mythologicals – “Veer Abhimanyu-1931,” Subhadra Haran-1932,” “Pandav Kaurav-1933” and “Mahabharat-1933”. For close-ups of these pictures, Jal used to wear trousers and only the upper part of his body was made up for his role. But in one close-up his pants were also visible! The shot was cut on the first day of screening in Bombay.

Gifted with a fine voice, he also delighted cinegoers with his singing. He sang 33 songs in 7 films-Meerabai-32, Pandav Kaurav-33, Mahabharat-33, Grihalaxmi-34, Aaj kal-34, Sone ka Shahar-35 and Toofan Express-1938.

In “Zarina,” written and directed by Ezra Mir, he was the tongawallah who falls in love with a dancing girl at a carnival. This poignant romantic tragedy won plaudits for both Jal and Zubaida. It was their last picture together for Sagar. Zubaida left Sagar and Sabita Devi took her place. Sabita and Kumar were the first stars imported from Calcutta. Sabita co-starred with Jal in “Phantom of the Hills,” directed by Ezra Mir, in which he played a dashing Pathan riding a white charger. In “Educated Wife” (Grihalaxmi), directed by Sarvottam Badami, he played a modern educated youth. In this role the versatile Jal revealed a genial personality. Sabita was again his co-star.

Jal and Zubaida played stellar roles together once again in “Aaj Kal,” directed by R.S. Chowdhury. This was the last important picture for both stars. Jal acted in about n15 Silent films and 29 Talkie films. His first Talkie film was Veer Abhimanyu-1931 and his last Talkie film was Armaan 1953.

Jal Merchant, who already had a family flourishing business, retired from the screen. Later, he started to live a quiet life in Bandra. Jal was an excellent shikari in his younger days. His screen associates also remember his soft voice, gentle manners and sensitive, handsome face. His pairing with Zubeida and Sabita Devi was very popular. He had all the gentle Parsee manners and was a popular co-star for the heroines.

I have read somewhere that Jal Merchant died in 1963 in Bombay. He was unmarried till the end, like many Parsis. ( information from an article by V.P.Sathe in Screen, ‘Screenplay’ by Isak Mujawar, HFGK, muVyz and my notes have been used in this post, with thanks.)

With today’s song by Rajkumari, film Chhote Sarkar-1938 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Sukh chain ke din sab beet gaye (Chhote Sarkaar)(1938) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyricist- Pandit Amar, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai

Lyrics

Sukh chain ke din
sab beet gaye
dukh rain andheri chhaayee hai
sukh chain ke din
sab beet gaye
dukh rain andheri chhaayee hai
koi sang na saathi saath sakhi
koi sang na saathi saath sakhi
sapna sa ?? mein aayi
sapna sa ?? mein aayi
Sukh chain ke din
sab beet gaye
dukh rain andheri chhaayee hai

jhoothha prem ye jhoothhi aashaa
jhoothha prem ye jhoothhi aashaa
jhoothhi kaaya
jhoothhi maaya
jhoothhi kaaya
jhoothhi maaya
jhoothhe jag mein
???
jhoothhe jag mein
???
jhoothhi preet lagaayi hai
jhoothhi preet lagaayi hai
Sukh chain ke din
sab beet gaye
dukh rain andheri chhaayee hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5019 Post No. : 16927

Today’s song is from an old and not much known early era film from Minerva Movietone – Khan Bahadur-1937.

Minerva Movietone was owned by Sohrab Modi. Its first film was ” Atma Tarang-1937″, which was an out and out big flop, with just 20 persons in the audience for the First Day First Show ! Basically, proper advertising was missing, so people did not know anything about the film. The two earlier films featuring Sohrab Modi-jointly with his brother- were stage dramas shot as films, so with this background Modi failed to declare that this film was NOT like that. The 20 daring persons who came to see the film regretted deeply having come there. The film was made on a subject which was very dear to Modi himself – Celibacy or Bramhacharya, truly a ‘Dry’ subject. The heroine was Prabha, who was very beautiful. She featured only in 3 songs, whereas Modi was in 6 songs out of the 12 songs of the film !

In those days Sohrab Modi was influenced by the teachings of Shri Ramkrishna Mission, but his audience was not. With the failure of this film, Modi learnt a lesson that he should make films on subjects of the liking of the people and not his own liking. Then he studied what type of films were successful and popular and then he decided to make a film on a Muslim King who was brave and who did many good things for his people. Thus, the film Khan Bahadur was made and as expected, it did a good business at the Box office. Later Modi made films like Meetha Zahar-38 on ills of drinking, Divorce-38 on Husband -wife differences and Bharosa-40 on Incest. He had learnt his lesson well !

What does Khan Bahadur mean ? Is it a name or a Title or a popular decoration ? 1937 was a British Raj period. In those days the British awarded different titles to Public Achievers, kings and those who were Loyal to the crown. As such ” SIR ” and ” KNIGHTHOOD ” were the highest decorations already, but they were given to highly educated or the members of Royalties of India only. So, the British introduced 3 level Titles for the other public and small kings etc.

First Grade level…. Nawab Bahadur ( for Muslims) or Dewan Bahadur (For Hindus)
Second Level…. Khan Bahadur (Muslims) or Rai Bahadur (North Indian Hindus) or Rao Bahadur (South Indian Hindus) and
Third level….Khan Sahib (Muslims) or Rai Sahib or Rao Sahib (Hindus).

The cast of the film Khan Bahadur-1937 was Sohrab Modi, Naseem Bano, Prem Adeeb, Sheela, Shareefa (mother of actress Husn Banu), Eruch Tarapore, M.Sadiq, Sadat Ali etc.etc. There were 12 songs in the film. The name of the lyricist is not known. The Music Director was B.S.Hoogan.

B.S.Hoogan…. Frankly, how many of us have really heard this name ? Maybe only a few. Until about 12 years ago, I was not even aware of this name. When I first came across this name B.S.Hoogan, in the list of Hindi composers,my first reaction was,what is this foreigner doing in Hindi Films ?

Further when I saw his name as MD in 10-15 films of the 30s, I became very curious and wanted to know more about him.As per my experience so far,I usually got information for any -or almost any-Film personality from my notes,Old cuttings,books,magazines,old articles etc ,or even from an obscure,less known Internet site,but in Hoogan’s case I always found myself at a dead end. There was simply NO information about him anywhere ! It was as if no one in India knew about him or as if he was from some alien planet.

I was perplexed.How can anybody from the Film industry,with so many films to his credit,be such an unknown person ? This was a challenge and I decided ,come what may,to find out about this elusive,dodging and unreachable B.S.Hoogan,at any cost.

Almost one year passed and I found a ray of Hope.

I visited the Blog of Mr.Kamalakar Pasupuleti ji. He is a writer on old films, music and an avid collector of old songs,besides having been an active RMIM worker.He is also a mine of information. Incidentally,he too is from Hyderabad-just like me,and being in the same age group,we enjoyed discussing matters relating to people and places in old Hyderabad of the 40s and 50s,when we were youngsters.Later on, he migrated to the USA.

On his Blog, he had written about Hoogan. He had located the nephew of Hoogan, in India and contacted him.He got some information from him about Hoogan. Although the info was not exhaustive, it was a great find. Kamalakarji himself had also written about Hoogan,from his interaction with people who had met Hoogan in Hyderabad. I wrote to kamalakar ji in the USA and he very graciously gave me permission to use all that material for this article.

At this juncture, my luck suddenly decided to cooperate and I found some info about Hoogan in a book.I even found out that the same nephew of Hoogan had uploaded 4 songs of Hoogan,(2 from Parakh-37 and 2 from Meetha Zahar-38) on Hamara Forum.

The nephew of Hoogan was one Prakash Raj. Once he appeared on the Internet forum through some member and he gave some more information. In addition Hoogan’s grandson- Mr. David Singh Hoogan, from Chittaranjan, W.B. appeared on Atul ji’s Blog and gave some more information as late as in 2020. With all this additional new information, I revised the old information and made up this revised new one. So it is not the same, as some may think. This Mr. Ashok Raj has written 2 books namely The Hero-Volume I, which has information on artistes of the Silent Era and upto Dilip Kumar. The second Book is also named The Hero-Volume II, discussing artistes from Amitabh to Khans and beyond. I have both these books with me. In these books the author has proudly mentioned that B.S.Hoogan was his Uncle. The books are also dedicated to Hoogan.

B.S.Hoogan was not a foreigner,he was very much an Indian.His name was BALWANT SINGH HOOGAN. He was tall,of wheat complexion and of medium build. He was born in 1901 at Firozpur, Punjab, where his family was settled. Earlier the family was in Lahore. He was a Kashmiri Brahmin. According to C.Ramchandra also,he was originally from Kashmir.

It seems Hoogan was keen to pursue higher studies in England, so he left Ferozpur. After reaching Bombay, he changed his mind and wanted to be in films being a Music Director.Before becoming a music director he seems to have learnt classical music and western music.He played many western instruments.

In the days of silent films,orchestras used to play in the theatres ,in front of or behind the screen.During the film also they played appropriate music pieces.It would add live pleasure with moving images. Hoogan learnt this music and conducting orchestra from his teacher, Mr.Victor Aimes,an Englishman,from the Albert Music Company. He learnt writing music in notations and conducting orchestra with a baton. He played in his orchestra of 12 musicians.

Hoogan looked impressive with a Black Tailcoat,Bow-Tie and Grey Trousers,as described by a Hyderabad Nawab,who had been personally introduced to Hoogan in Hyderabad in 1930.

B.S.Hoogan started his career as MD with Ajanta Cinetone of Mohan Bhavnani.He gave music to Afzal,Maya jaal,Rangeela Rajput(all 1933)Dard e dil,Dukhtar e Hind,Mazdoor,Sair e Paristan,Vasavdatta(all1934),Pyar ki maar,Registan ki Rani,Sone ka shahar,sherdil Aurat(all 1935), Begunah,khan Bahadur,Parakh(all1937),Meetha Zahar,Vijay marg(all 1938) and Sansar Sagar-1939.

Total films-18. Songs composed- 231.

Music Director C.Ramchandra, in his Marathi autobiography ( माझ्या जीवनाची सरगम ), wrote about Hoogan. When CR was working in Minerva, He worked with several Music Directors like Habib Khan, Bundoo Khan,Hoogan and finally Meer Sahib. CR learned something from every MD. Hoogan joined the company, in place of Habib Khan, the composer. He showed CR how the Desi Raag can be played on foreign musical instruments. He brought in many Goan orchestra players into the company. CR knew writing notations, Hoogan improved this. Hoogan liked CR very much. Hoogan would take CR with him to all big hotels of Bombay. Orchestras would be playing there. CR learned how those tunes could be indianised in his music here only.

Hoogan would make tunes and ask CR to write the notations. CR would hum those tunes and then improve the tunes. Hoogan would not know. Thus many of his tunes were used by Hoogan without knowing it. In the film Meetha Zahar-1938, Naushad was Hoogan’s assistant. Actors like Nissar, Bibbo, Sheila and Naseem Bano sang for him.

Hoogan had only one son-Avtar Singh. In Bombay, Hoogan contracted Tuberculosis. He started treatment and on doctor’s advise, left for hometown Ferozpur, with family. Soon his illness took a serious turn and B.S.Hoogan died in Ferozpore in September 1938, at the age of 37 only. In another few months, his wife too died and his son was taken care of by his maternal Uncle. The son Avtar singh got a job in Railways at Chittaranjan, W.B. and he moved there. He converted to Christianity. He had a son David who also settled in W.B. only. After conversion his family in Ferozpur broke off all contact with them. His story ends thus.

Prem Adib was new. He first started acting in the film Romantic India-36. Soon he came to Minerva and his film Khan Bahadur was released first and thus became his Debut film. In the early 40’s he became famous with his role of Shri Ram (along with Shobhana Samarth as Seeta) in the Mythological films of Prakash Pictures. Along with him, in this film, there was one more Debutante artiste, and her name was Sheela. Her real name was different. When she was named Sheela, she was the only actress with that name. However, later on many Sheelas entered Films, but luckily they did not cause any Same Name Confusion. Some other Sheelas were…..Sheila Ramani, Sheela Vaz, Sheela Mitra, Sheela Naik, Sheela Devi, Sheela Dalaya (only in the film Mughal E Azam) and Sheela Haldar.

SHEELA(real name-Roshan Ara) was born on 13-3-1925 at Solapur-Maharashtra. Her father was Station Master at Solapur Rly.Stn.
Once Sohrab Modi had come to Sholapur with his Drama company. He went to the station to make reservations and saw Sheela. They got to know each others and he proposed to give her roles in his films.Thus Sheela came to Bombay in 1936 and Joined Minerva Movietone as a singer/actress.
Her first film was Khan Bahadur-37, in which she sang and acted. Then came Jailor-38 in which she sang 4 solo songs under MD Mir Sahib.Then Divorce and Meetha Zahar came.

She became famous only after her songs in Pukar-39. Bharosa, Wasiyat and Sikander also gave her name and fame. In Sikander she had 6 songs out of total 7 songs. The famous song ‘ zindagi hai pyar se’ also had her voice in the chorus. She was Heroine in the film ‘ Wasiyat’-40,Ulti Ganga, Bhakta Raidas, Prithvi Vallabh,and Patharon ka Saudagar were all Minerva films.

She had also done films elsewhere- Aladdin and wonderful lamp, college Girl, gaibi Gola, jahan ara, keemti qurbani, Sansar naiya, Shaitan ka pash etc.
After 1943, she almost stopped working. Only in Beete Din-47 and lastly in Billi-49 she sang songs., which was a stunt film of Nadia and Cavas.
She had married the actor Rama Shukla, in 1947. He was a Kanauji Brahmin and they had terrible opposition to their marriage. The marriage was by Registration. Only 4 friends were present in the marriage. They had one son and one daughter. Rama Shukla died by Heart attack in the 50s.

Her voice had a peculiar mixture of Muslim style of Amirbai Karnataki and Marathi slant od Shanta Apte. There is an anecdote with one of her songs. When the film Pukar-1939 was in the making, C.Ramchandra was working as an assistant to MD Meer Saheb. He has mentioned in his autobiography also that in the absence of Meer sahib, he used to insert his tunes to songs as Meer saheb’s. This was known to many, except, maybe, Meer sahib himself. One of the very popular songs sung by Sheela ” Tum bin hamri kaun khabar le ‘ was actually composed by C.Ramchandra. This is supposed to be CR’s first composed song. The credit ,of course, went to Meer Sahib.

Today’s song is a duet sung by Sheela and Eruch Tarapore. Eruch Tarapore was a distant relative of Sohrab Modi and he worked only in Modi’s films. He worked in 16 films, right from Modi’s first film Hamlet-35 up to 1948. Eruch sang one song each in 3 more films, Meetha zehar-38, Jailor-38 and Phir milenge-43. He died in 1948.


Song- Prem ke pyaale de (Khan Bahadur)(1937) Singers- Sheela, Erich Tarapore, Lyricist-Unknown, MD- B.S.Hoogan

Lyrics

Prem ke pyaale de
Prem ke pyaale de
piyarwa bhole bhaale
piyarwa bhole bhaale
Prem ke pyaale de
Prem ke pyaale de
piyarwa bhole bhaale
piyarwa bhole bhaale/em>

dilbar ??
geet ?? ke geet suna de
dilbar ??
geet ?? ke geet suna de
Prem ke pyaale de
Prem ke pyaale de
piyarwa bhole bhaale
piyarwa bhole bhaale

nain se prem prem barsa
nain se prem prem barsa
aman ki ?? jaaye
nain se prem prem barsa
nain se prem prem barsa
aman ki ?? jaaye
gul khilaaye jaa daali daali
pyaare matwaale
gul khilaaye jaa daali daali
pyaare matwaale
bulbul buldul ?? bole bole
bulbul bulbul bole bole ja
?? tumhre kaale

piyarwa bhole bhaale
piyarwa bhole bhaale
Prem ke pyaale de
Prem ke pyaale de
piyarwa bhole bhaale
piyarwa bhole bhaale


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1338
Total Number of movies covered=4642

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