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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1930s (1931 to 1940)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3721 Post No. : 14657 Movie Count :

4005

Today’s song is from a very old film, Raja Gopichand-1938. The film was made by Saraswati Cinetone, Poone in Hindi and Marathi. The film was directed by Bhal G Pendharkar. The music director was C.Balaji. Name of the Lyricist is not mentioned in HFGK. The cast of the film was Chandrakant, Ranade, Chandraprabha, Miss Leela, Usha, Dinkar Kamanna etc.etc. The story was written by Pendharkar and it was translated by Shri Arun, B.A., for film’s Hindi version.

Saraswati Cinetone was a film making company owned by one of the Pioneers of Talkie films in India- Dadasaheb Torne. He is one of those less fortunate people in the film industry, who failed to get the credit of being the First to make a full length Silent film in India. But there are a large number of people in India, who believe that the first film in India was made by Torne and not Phalke. Torne achieved that feat one year before Phalke released his film in 1913. Saraswati Cinetone was one of the major film making company in India in those days.

The young man who migrated from Konkan to Mumbai in search of a new horizon was the pioneer of Indian cinema, Ramchandra Gopal alias Dadasaheb Torne. Unfortunately, this name did not find its rightful place in the history of Indian cinema. Dadasaheb Torne, who had a flood of accolades for his various achievements in the film industry, lost his life’s work in real floods that occurred on July 12, 1961, when the swollen waters of Mutha River destroyed all the valuable negatives, photographs, documents after bursting from Panshet dam near Pune.

The forgotten father of Indian Cinema Ramchandra Gopal alias Dadasaheb Torne made the first ever Indian film ‘Pundalik’ which was screened at the Coronation Cinematograph in Mumbai on May 18, 1912. That was one year prior to Dhundiraj Govind alias Dadasaheb Phalke’s ‘Raja Harishchandra’ which was released at the same venue on May 3, 1913.

Born on April 13, 1890, at Sukalwad in Malvan taluka of (undivided) Ratnagiri district (now Sindhudurg district) Dadasaheb Torne lost his father when he was three years old. His mother Radhabai brought him up. Due to financial difficulties he could not get higher education.

After being involved in the distribution of full-length (30-40 minute long) English films in India, he hit upon the idea of film making, and founded his own studio ‘Saraswati Cinetone’ (1931) in Pune. Under Saraswati’s banner he produced memorable movies like ‘Shyamsundar’, ‘Aut Ghatkecha Raja’, ‘Bhakt Pralhad’, ‘Chhatrapati Sambhaji’, ‘Thaksen Rajputra’, ‘Savitri’, ‘Raja Gopichand’, ‘Bhagva Jhenda’, ‘Majhi Ladki’, ‘Devyani’.

‘Shyamsundar’-32 was the first ever Indian movie to celebrate silver jubilee. Dadasaheb Torne introduced the first ever double role in ‘Aut Ghatkecha Raja’. He was equally proficient in editing and sound recording. He successfully experimented trick scenes in ‘Bhakt Pralhad’ and ‘Savitri’ in the decade of 1930-1940 when the film technique was not advanced.

He gave first break to artists like Rose, Shahu Modak, Dada Salvi, Jayashri (Shantaram), Dinkar Kamanna (Dhere), Ratnamala (Kamal Desai) and Indurani.

Many famous music directors of the earlier years, such as Annasaheb Mainkar, Sureshbabu Mane, C. Balaji and Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan were introduced by Torne.

Dadasaheb Torne also worked as a manager at Maharashtra Film Company, Kolhapur from 1920 to 1924, and worked as a general manager at Laxmi Cinetone, Royal Art Company, Imperial Film Company and Sagar Movietone, later.

Dadasaheb Torne breathed his last on January 19, 1960 in Pune.

Movies produced: ‘Pundlik’ (1912), ‘Sati ka Shaap’ (1923), ‘Prithvivallabh’ (1924), ‘Neera’ (1926), ‘Sindbad Khalasi’ (1930).

Movies produced under the banner of ‘Saraswati Cinetone’: ‘Shyamsundar’ (1932), ‘Aut Ghatkecha Raja’ (1933), ‘Bhakt Pralhad‘ (1933), ‘Chhatrapati Sambhaji’ (1934), ‘Thaksen Rajputra (1934), ‘Krishna shishtai’ (1935), ’Savitri’ (1936), ‘Raja Gopichand’ (1938), ‘Sach Hai’ (Hindi-1939), ‘Bhagva Jhenda’ (1939), ‘Majhi Laadki’ (1939), ‘Devyani’ (1940), ‘Narad Naradi’ (1941), ‘Navardev’ (1941), ‘Awaz’ (Hindi-1942).

As far as the star cast is concerned,lead actor Chandrakant ( father of today’s award winning actor Vikram Gokhale) was given this name by pendharkar. His real name was Gopal. The lead Heroine Leela was Leela Chandragiri, about whom I have written in details in my article on film Alakh Niranjan-40. Dinkar Kamanna( Dhere) was a famous and popular comedian on Marathi drama stage.

Let us now come to the Music Director C.Balaji. I am sure, hardly anyone has ever heard his name so far. it is natural also, because Balaji gave music only to 2 Hindi films. The other film was Paisa-41. Both his films were bilingual-in Hindi and Marathi. Basically Balaji was a marathi film composer. He was the first music director to change his name to look like a South indian name. C.Ramchandra came much later.

His real name was Balaji Gopal Chougule. Originally his family was from Kolhapur, but he was born at Varanashi on 12-10-1913. After the death of his maternal grandfather Balaji came to Kolhapur. here he learnt music from Ustad Manji khan (son of Ustad Alladiya khan), Shankarrao Sarnaik and Govindrao Tembe. Tembe taught him the skill to give music to films.

He started working with some drama companies like Kirloskar natak mandali and Yeshwant Sangeet mandali, as a Harmonium player. In 1937, he became assistant to Govindrao Tembe for film ‘Pratibha'(Hindi/marathi). When Tembe left the film halfway, he completed its music, but his name was not credited. He got his first Marathi film independently, Kanhopatra. Its songs became very popular. Pendharkar gave him Raja Gopichand-38 as an independent MD. Later he did another film in Hindi/Marathi, Paisa-41.

In 1945, Balaji started learning music again, this time under Bhurji khan(youngest son of Alladiya Khan). Balaji gave music to 5 Marathi films and 2 Hidi/Marathi films. When Shivaji University started in Kolhapur in 1962, he started an agitation for inclusion of Music in its curriculum. His efforts bore fruits and it was done in 1964. He gave tutions of Music in his last days. C.Balaji expired on 11-9-1984 at his home town, Kolhapur.

The story of Raja Gopichand is from Navnath Pothi.

When I was about 6 to 7 year old, during the visits to my Naani’s (maternal grandmother’s) home in a village, I used to hear a typical call, ‘ Alakh Niranjan ‘ from the gossain, who stood outside the door. Someone from the house used to give uncooked food material like rice, wheat or jowar. Even wheat atta was given. These gossains had a jholi (a spacious carrying bag made of cloth), having 4-5 compartments and they would expertly add the bhiksha to the appropriate compartment. They never took money. These people were the desciples of Nath Sampraday and used to visit a fixed number of houses for Bhiksha. They were also called by the name avadhoot (अवधूत) (a mystic or a saint who is beyond ego-consciousness, duality and common worldly concerns).

A brief description of the Nath Sampradaay . It is likely that some of our readers may not be familiar with the details behind these names. In the Hindu Sanaatan traditions the worship of Lord Shiva is called Shaivism and the worshippers and followers of Lord Shiva are called Shaivs. Nath Sampradaay is a sub tradition within Shaivism. The followers of this tradition consider Adinath or Lord Shiva as their first Lord. The word Nathimplies Master. In this tradition, there is a lineage of nine Gurus or Teachers. The form of sadhna practiced by the followers of this tradition is called Hath Yog (हठ योग).

The first Guru in this lineage is Matsyendra Nath, who is better known as Machhindra Nath (मच्छिंद्रनाथ). The traditional history recounts that Matsyendra was born under an inauspicious star. This warranted his parents to throw the baby into the ocean. In the ocean the baby was swallowed by a large fish, and he lived and grew up inside the belly of the fish, for many years. The fish swam to the bottom of the ocean where Lord Shiva was imparting the secrets of yoga to Mata Parvati. Matsyendra overheard this discourse and learnt the secrets of yoga. He began to practice this yog sadhana inside the fish’s belly. After twelve years he finally emerged as an enlightened Siddha.

There is a list of Nine Nath Gurus, who are called Navnath. The first Nath Guru is Machhindra. The complete list is as follows

Machhindranath
Gorakhnath
Jalandhar Nath
Kanif Nath (Kanhoba)
Gahini Nath
Raja Bhartrihari Nath (Bharthari)
Revan Sidha Nath
Charpati Nath and
Naag Nath.

The stories surrounding every Nath Guru, especially the earlier ones, are very exciting, thrilling and entertaining. One must read them from the original Nath Puraan or Nav Nath Pothi. I have read all of them. These stories are in no way less than any Arabian Night stories. Due to their entertainment value, several films in several languages have been made on the early Gurus like Machhindranath and Gorakhnath. Films on Machhindranath were made as ‘Maaya Machhindra’ in Hindi, in 1932, 1951, 1960 and 1975. Films on Gorakhnath as ‘Alakh Niranjan’, were made in 1940, 1950 and 1975. Films on Bharthari were made in 1932 and 1944. Films on other Naths were made as ‘Raja Gopichand’ in 1933, 1938 and 1950. Same way films on Naths in Telugu, Tamil, Gujarati and other languages were also made. There could be some more films also on this subject.

Raja Gopichand was the son of Raja Bharthari nath’s sister and was blessed by him and Gorakhnath. The story of Raja Gopichand is..

King Padmasen and queen Mainavati had a son Gopichand and a daughter Chandravali. In due course, Gopichand got married. He got a daughter. He was married again and now also a daughter was born. He was married 16 times and he got everytime a daughter only. Queen Mainavati requested her brother Bharthari nath to help. He advies Gopichand to go to forest and do Penance for 5 years. He did the penance. After the 5 years, once he went , as usual , to get Bhiksha and by chance he visited his sister Chandravali’s home. Seeing her brother as a Gossain, she died in grief. Gopichand met Gorakhnath and requested him to make his sister alive again. Pleased by his love for sister, Gorakhnath not only brought alive Chandravali, but also blessed Gopichand for a Son.

Gopichand returned to his kingdom. He was crowned the king and in due course he got a son also.

Today’s song is sung by Leela Chandragiri. This is a rare song. With this song, MD C.Balaji and the film Raja Gopichand-38 are making its debut on the Blog.

( Credits- Marathi Sangeetkar Kosh, marathisanman.com, theneutralview.com, amarujala.com, wiki, HFGK,and my notes)


Song-Laalan tum ho bade hathheele (Raja Gopichand)(1938) Singer-Leela Chandragiri, MD-C Balaji

Lyrics

bade hathheele
laalan tum ho bade hathheele
laalan tum ho bade hathheele
bade hathheele
laaj lajeele
laalan tum ho bade hathheele

roothh gaye kya
tumhen manaaun
roothh gaye kya
tumhen manaaun
aao
tum par bali bali jaaun
aao
tum par bali bali jaaun
laalan tum ho saaj sajeele
bade hathheele
laaj lajeele
laalan tum ho
bade hathheele
laalan
bade hathheel

kyon chup ho
kuchh bolo bolo
bolo bolo
maa ki mamta man se tolo
maa ki mamta man se tolo
laalan
tum bin naina geele
bade hathheele
laaj lajeele

laalan tum ho
laalan tum ho
laalan tum ho
bade hathheele

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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3719 Post No. : 14653

When ‘Bawarchi ‘ was released in 1972, I had seen it on the big screen in the theatre with family. In this film, Hrishikesh Mukherji has woven a remarkable story of a joint family and their interesting interactions. The head of the family (a widower), his three sons, two daughters in law, third son still a bachelor, and three children. The roles of the two daughters in law were played by Durga Khote and Usha Kiran. Being quite un-exposed to cinema otherwise (it was school years for me) I was quite unfamiliar with these two ladies when I saw this film for the first time.

I was later to recall these two senior actresses, when I would get to see their earlier, older films. The first such re-introduction was when I saw ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960) on TV for the first time. Then I came to recognize Durga Khote in her role as Jodha Bai, and connected her with her role in ‘Baawarchi’. The two films had a difference of 12 years, and decidedly, she is looking much younger and sweeter in her role as Badi Maa in ‘Baawarchi’, compared to her royal appearance as the empress of India and wife of Emperor Akbar. One scene (from ‘Baawarchi’) that really amazed me and mesmerized me, is the family song situation from an early morning impromptu get together of the family members – “Bhor Aayee Gaya Andhiyaara”. During the course of this song, the two supposedly middle aged daughters in law perform the rapid pace thaap steps dance to the rapid taal – “dhiga tum naa naa naa naa naa” being rendered by the family help Raghu (role played by Rajesh Khanna). It was a real wonder to see the two ladies perform that sequence. A quick check reminded me that Durga Khote was, goodness, 67 years of age, when she performed in ‘Bawarchi’.

Remembering Durga Khote on the anniversary of her passing away (22nd September).

The first and the top most lady luminary of the Hindi cinema, Durga Khote was born on 14th January, 1905, in a well­ known family of Bombay. The family hailed from Goa and spoke Konkani at home. Her mother’s name was Manjulabai. Her father, Pandurang Shamrao Laud, was a famous lawyer and her brother was also a well known barrister. The young Vita Laud (her maiden before marriage) was educated, like her siblings, at Cathedral High School and St. Xavier’s College from where she did her B.A. While still in college, she was married into the Khote family, graduated and settled down with her husband. By the age of 26, she was a widowed mother of two sons – Bakul and Harin.

Into this scenario, and a life of a very traditional family, plopped in something utterly new – the world of cinema. Durga Khote wanted to work to support her children. In doing so, she became a pioneer of sorts. It was a time when the film industry was regarded as the preserve of the base and the bawdy. Also, most of the female characters were played by men at the time.

It all came about through her sister Shalini, also married and having amongst her circle of friends, a gentleman by the name JBH Wadia. At the time JBH was working with Mohan Bhavnani as the latter’s assistant. The talkies had just made their appearance on the silver screen. Bhavnani who had just made a picture, wanted to give it the box office appeal of a “talkie” ending. The picture starred Mrs. Bhavnani and her husband was  looking out for a girl who would feature with his wife in the climax scenes of the film. Approached by JBH, Shalini refused. But knowing Durga as a person who would try anything once, she recommended her. Durga was ready to have a go at the part, accepted the role and went off to the studios the same day. Mr. Bhavnani’s heterogeneous production was soon completed, printed and made ready for release.

The film flopped. And for the beautiful young housewife and mother there followed a period of embarrassment at being connected with a filmy disaster. The film was ‘Farebi Jaal’ (also titled as ‘Trapped’ in English). “That is just how I felt when I saw it. It was a terrible film,” Durga Khote recalls in an earlier interview. She goes on to say that, “. . . my position was more than awkward. I had suddenly achieved a fair measure of notoriety. I just couldn’t walk around in Girgaum without people pointing at me.”

Looking back on it she laughed at the by-gone crisis. Through all this turmoil and unease there was one solid consolation: both the Laud and the Khote families were far too intelligent and sophisticated to be worried by the affair. On the contrary “My families stood up for me” declared Durga Khote with a proud smile of affection.

Amongst those who saw the film ‘Trapped’, was the then up and coming producer and director V Shantaram. After seeing her performance, he offered her the female lead role of Taramati in the bilingual film ‘Ayodhyache Raaja’ – ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932). Durga Khote saw in it an opportunity to vindicate herself. Once again encouraged by the families, she accepted the role and played it beautifully. The film was not only good but a big hit, in both the Hindi and Marathi versions.

V Shantaram simultaneously cast her also in ‘Maya Machhindra’ (again 1932). This was a also a smash hit. These two top successful films established her straight off as a top star. Following came a number of films that won her acclaim from the public and from the film industry. After the two fabulous successes in 1932, what followed is no less dazzling a repertoire of well known films and famous roles.

In 1933, she appeared opposite to Prithviraj Kapoor in the New Theatres Production from Calcutta – ‘Raajrani Meera’. This year also saw her play the lead role opposite to a very young and handsome new entrant into the industry – P Jairaj, in the film ‘Patit Paavan’ (Pratima Phototone, Bombay).

1934, and she is paired opposite to Prithviraj once again in ‘Seeta’, from East India Film Company in Calcutta.

1935, another production from New Theatres – ‘After The Earthquake’, as the female lead opposite to Syed Mohammed Nawab. And once again, paired with Jairaj in ‘Jeevan Natak’ – a Debaki Bose Production in Bombay.

In 1936 came one of her many superlative roles on the screen – ‘Amar Jyoti’ from the production house of Prabhat, with co stars Chandramohan, Vasanti and B Nandrekar.

She played the lead role in ‘Pratibha’ in 1937, opposite to Master Shyam; film by Shalini Cinetone.

1938, and she appeared in two films – ‘Nand Kumar’ (Jaishree Films), working with Govindrao Tembe and ‘Saathi’ from Natraj Films, paired with Mubarak – another popular hero of that era.

1939 saw her appearing with Prithviraj once again in the Ranjeet Studios production – ‘Adhoori Kahaani’.

In 1940 it is Chandramohan and the film is ‘Geeta’ from Circo Productions. Also in 1940 came the famous and popular hit film, ‘Narsi Bhagat’ working with Vishnupant Pagnis.

1941 and it is ‘Charnon Ki Daasi’ from Atre Pictures, paired with Gajanan Jagirdar.

In 1942, she appeared in 2 films, ‘Bharat Milap’ of Prakash Pictures, with co stars Prem Adeeb, Shahu Modak and Shobhana Samarth; and in ‘Vijay’ from National Studios, opposite to Harish.

1943 turned out to be a blockbuster year for her, appearing in the lead role in six films. She was seen in ‘Qurbani’ opposite to Ishwar Lal, ‘Mahasati Anusuya’ with Shahu Modak, E Billimoria and Shobhana Samarth; ‘Mahatama Vidur’ with Vishnupant Pagnis; ‘Tasveer’ – paired with the young newcomer Motilal; and ‘Zameen’, paired with Biswas. The listing for 1943 is complete only when we talk about the mega film from Minerva Movietone – ‘Prithvi Vallabh’ in which she is paired with Sohrab Modi.

In 1944, it is ‘Maharathi Karn’ paired with Prithviraj Kapoor once again, and ‘Dil Ki Baat’ a romantic social, working opposite to Ishwar Lal.

In 1945, it is ‘Lakahrani’ from Prabhat, working opposite to Sapru; ‘Panna Dai’ working with Chandramohan and Mubarak; and ‘Veer Kunal’ with Mubarak, Kishore Sahu and Shobhana Samarth.

In 1945, we also see a major qualitative shift in her career. She stepped away from lead roles and very gracefully migrated towards support roles as a character artist. ‘Village Girl’ was probably the first such film, in which she does not play the lead role. But her films and her roles continue to be significant and powerful.  She had already stated to play non-romantic lead roles in films like ‘Charnon Ki Daasi’ (1941) and ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942). Her filmography beyond 1945 speaks volumes of her prowess as an actress, and her ability to command the scenes, and the films. Moving to character roles, her assignments continue to increase, and she continued to be a busy and an in demand artist for another almost four decades. During her career, she has appeared in more than 200 films.

A special mentions needs to be made of the 1953 film ‘Chacha Chaudhry’ – a comedienne performance which took the industry and the public by storm. The brilliant timing of her expression, gestures, movement and dialogue combined to make that role such a scintillating comedy portrayal that she all but stole the picture from the consummate actor Raja Paranjpe – who doubled as director and lead player – and Dhumal. The three of them made it a slick, hilarious romp.

Durga Khote’s portrayals have been sensitive and consummate. Notable mentions must be made of some of her performances;

as Queen Kaikeyi in the 1942 film ‘Bharat Milap, jealously coveting the throne for her own son – her personification of the grasping queen made one understand if not quite condone the old king’s doting weakness;

as Shachi Devi, mother of Chaitanuya Mahaprabu in the 1953 biopic ‘Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’ – a heart-rending performance of a mother torn between her love for her son and the gratification she feels in his single-minded devotion to God, and her heartbreak for his bewildered, forsaken girl-bride, and her gradual resignation, made for a portrayal which was a gem of histrionic art;

as Jodha Bai, the empress of India, wife of Akbar – once again called upon to make a dreadful choice of loyalties, torn between the warring father and son – at first unable to invoke the blessings for her husband leaving for the battlefield, with the certainty of the fear that her son will be killed, and then when Akbar challenges her by attempting to erase the sindoor from her forehead, very sternly and studiously she performs the pooja giving the due honor to her suhaag even in the face of an eventuality of possibly losing her only child.

These and many other such power packed performances have made Durga Khote the dame thespian of the Indian cinema. She was honored with the Padam Shri award in 1968 and the coveted Dada Saheb Phalke Award in 1983.

In 1950, Durga Khote naturally gravitated towards the stage and she joined the Marathi Sahitya Sangh, starting her long association with the theatre also. She kept busy acting in, producing and directing plays. She also founded Durga Khote Productions which produced short films – advertising, documentary, educational and industrial.

She continued to be active both in films and in theatre till the mid 1980s. After that, she moved into semi-retirement. She passed away this day, in 1991, in Bombay.

The film ‘Amar Jyoti’ has been acclaimed as a film much, much ahead of its time, both in terms of handling of the subject matter as well as in terms of technical finesse and special effects. The film represented India in the Venice film festival in 1937 and won praises and accolades as one of the best three films at the festival.

The film deals with the theme of suppression and negation of the role of the woman in the society, and one lady’s rebellion against it. As a subject, this was a daring endeavor by V Shantaram, given the prevalent sentiments in the society of that era. Nevertheless, this film was much acclaimed and became very popular at the box office too. Since the story revolves around pirates, scenes related to sailing ships and ships in conflict, it was a major accomplishment for the director, to be able to create the necessary environment within the studio, and film all the naval scenes using advanced special effects techniques, within the confines of the studio itself.

The film pertains to an undefined historical period. A queen (role played by Karuna Devi) and her cruel minister Durjay (role played by Chandramohan) are challenged by a woman turning a pirate and terrorizing the coastal provinces of the kingdom. This woman, Saudamini (role played by Durga Khote), has been much wronged by her husband. But when she pleads for justice from the royal court, Durjay decrees that a husband was the complete master of his wife, whom he could ill-treat, use as a chattel or dispose of as a slave. She is denied custody of her son by the queen, after she refuses to return to her matrimonial home. This greatly enrages Saudamini and drives her to revolt and seek revenge. She takes on the mantle of a male role and gets into a commanding position, as the captain of a pirate ship. She is assisted by her associate, Rekha (role played by Vasanti).

Durjay is captured and is kept as a prisoner with one of his legs cut off, to make him realize the eternally enslaved condition of women. Her next big catch is the princess Nandini (role played by Shanta Apte), the queen’s daughter. In her relationship with the princess, Saudamini plays an even bigger game by converting the princess to her creed of female emancipation, which considers love and marriage as a bondage. The princess suppresses her feelings for a shepherd boy, Sudhir (role played by B Nandrekar), whom she had met during her days in the pirate’s den. Unknown to even Saudamini, this shepherd boy is actually her own son, who was separated from her years ago.

In the continued sequence of events, Durjaya escapes with the help of Sudhir and returns to arrest Saudamini. Saudamini is captured, but the others, along with Nandini and Rekha, escape. It is finally revealed that Sudhir is Saudamini’s long-lost son. Nandini and Sudhir are married and Rekha carries forward Saudamini’s legacy.

Shantaram has used the symbol of the lamp and the flame very effectively. He deployed many other techniques that were considered path-breaking at that time. The film’s real success is in bringing out the inner conflicts of women, who may become male-like rebels, at the cost of suppressing their natural urges as wife or mother. In one of the most moving scenes in the film, we see Saudamini secretly fondling the tiny garments of her son, who has been separated from her.

In this song, we see this brief interlude, as Saudamini is remembering her child. The brief song is written by Pt Narottam Vyas, and the music is composed by Master Krishna Rao Phumblikar. The playback singing voice is that of Vasanti.

Remembering and honoring the enduring legacy of this fine actress – Durga Khote.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements – This article has adapted material from online sources viz., Cineplot and Wikipedia. Filmography details have been prepared using the Geet Kosh voumes 1 and 2.]

Song – Ankhiyan Ke Tum Taare Pyaare (Amar Jyoti) (1936) Singer – Vasanti, Lyrics – Pt Narottam Vyas, MD – Master Krishna Rao
Durga Khote

Lyrics

akhiyan ke tum taare pyaare
chhod mohey mat jaa re
ab mat jaa re

akhiyan ke tum taare pyaare
chhod mohey mat jaa re
ab mat jaa re

[sudhir. . .]
[main teri maa. . .]

akhiyan ke tum taare pyaare
chhod mohey mat jaa re
ab mat jaa re

aansoo nainan mein se

aansoo nainan mein se
aansoo nainan mein se
kaahu tohey pukaarun
kaahu tohey pukaarun
waaroon sukh dukh saare
waaroon sukh dukh saare
waaroon sukh dukh saare

akhiyan ke tum taare pyaare
chhod mohey mat jaa re
ab mat jaa re

[ab mat jaa re]

———————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

अखियन के तुम तारे प्यारे
छोड़ मोहे मत जा रे
अब मत जा रे

अखियन के तुम तारे प्यारे
छोड़ मोहे मत जा रे
अब मत जा रे

[सुधीर॰ ॰ ॰]
[मैं तेरी माँ॰ ॰ ॰]

अखियन के तुम तारे प्यारे
छोड़ मोहे मत जा रे
अब मत जा रे

आँसू नैनन में से

आँसू नैनन में से
आँसू नैनन में से
काहू तोहे पुकारूँ
काहू तोहे पुकारूँ
वारूँ सुख दुख सारे
वारूँ सुख दुख सारे
वारूँ सुख दुख सारे

अखियन के तुम तारे प्यारे
छोड़ मोहे मत जा रे
अब मत जा रे

[अब मत जा रे]


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3700 Post No. : 14620

HFM Songs Statistics by Year – 5
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Year 1936
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Aha, the delay in posting caught the celebration. Today we are onto the 3700th day of this blog’s existence. Just having crossed the ten year mark recently, here is one more celebration today – 37th century of number of days of this blog. Congratulations and congratulations to all. 🙂

Coming back to this series after a haitus of, oh my goodness, almost three years. I can’t believe that the last episode of this series was published way back on 25th November, 2015. Wo. . .

OK, getting back into gear again. The year in 1936. It has been five years since the films found their voice.  And twenty five years since the moving pictures made their first entry into India. Ah yes, 1936 – we are now on to the silver jubilee year of motion pictures in India.

These were the heady and formative years of the talkie cinema in India. After cautious and suspicious view of the fate of the Hindi film songs in their first two years, i.e. 1931 and 1932, the film producers started to take initiative and ventured out to start recording more and more songs on gramophone records. The propensity of the viewing public to appreciate the film music enough, to start singing these songs in real life, and also an expressed demand to listen to these songs once again – these two factors led the producers to start delivering the film song on gramophone records. Of course, the additional revenue stream was a prime attraction for them. But as a result, what got initiated is an inadvertent effort to preserve this music. The numbers may not have been much, but it was a great beginning. 1934 and 1935 saw more and more of film songs getting published on shellac records.

This had a significant transformative impact on the Hindi film music. The industry was coming to realize the importance and the impact of the film song and music. And hence, we progressively see a greater effort being devoted to the music and song department. In the mid 1930s, we see two very significant directions in which the music progressed. The first was the simplification of the music itself. Coming in from the theatre mode and into the cinema, the music was very strongly rooted in the classical mold. However, as we see the rise of the Hindi film song, and its popularity amongst the viewing, and also, listening public, we see a basic transformation in the music itself – a move towards simplifying the music, and making it more accessible to as well as acceptable by the general public. Music started being recognized as something not just to be listened to and appreciated in ‘mehfils’ and ‘gaayans’ by a select coterie of connoisseurs. That the music would be popular with and will be appreciated by the general public, was a recognition with the coming of the Hindi film song. And so, the composers and music directors started to simplify the music such that it would make inroads into the hearts of the general public, and on to the lips from the hearts.

In many film and music reviews that we read from yesteryears, we find a phrase or its variation – “फलां फिल्म के गाने गली गली में सुने जाने लगे” – “the songs of such-and-such film could be heard in every street and alley”. That, I think, is the success of the composers to bring the music from its pure classical plane to a level where it would appeal to the person on the road. No, I am not at all saying that the music was made pedestrian. It was actually a very qualitative change in creating this music. It became what was later to be termed as ‘सुगम संगीत’- music for easy listening. And of course, it won a million hearts, and continues to capture the fancy of oncoming generations. Just the fact that the music from those decades still has an attraction to hold a person’s interest and appreciation – tells us volumes about the effort the song creators put into this endeavor, to ensure that the listening public would be smitten. And smitten we are – even to this day and this era.

The second aspect was a dictate of the technology. The accepted standard of the 78 rpm record could hold approximated three and a half minutes of recording. As more and more producers and production houses made decisions to release their music on records, this duration (or in some cases, its multiple) became an accepted length of the film song. And so, the challenge that the song creators had was to express what had to be expressed, convey what had to be conveyed, and meet a standard of longevity and retention in memory in just three and a half minutes. And the measure of their success – I am sure beyond their own wildest dreams – is that their creations continue to be loved and revered even after close to a century later. They were the wizards that created this lasting magic settled into the hearts of innumerable listeners.

The era of the song artists – song writers, composers and singers – getting established as institutions, was still some years off. But we do see the rise of the singer-actor icon – KL Saigal, who had already made his singing debut back in 1932. ‘Devdas’ had already happened in the previous year (1935). That iconic film once and forever transformed the image of the romantic hero, that lasts to this day. And it was the first film of its kind in which the music and songs played such a significant role in a romantic relationship. Still continuing to work at New Theatres in Calcutta (now Kolkata), the star of Saigal was rising as the first song artist being recognized as an institution.

The voice of Saigal Sb appeared in two movies this year – ‘Pujaarin’ (MD – Timir Baran) and ‘Krorepati’ (MD – Pankaj Mullick), both from New Theatres. Besides these two, New Theatres had two more releases – ‘Manzil’ and ‘Maaya’ (MDs – Pankaj Mullick and RC Boral).

Bombay Talkies released the iconic ‘Achoot Kanya’ with music by Saraswati Devi. The song “Main Ban Ki Chidiya. . .” was that type of song that was heard in “गली गली”. But wait, before we talk about this film, we must talk about another film (released somewhat earlier in the year, also by Bombay Talkie) – ‘Jeevan Naiya’. This latter film was the debut film of an unwilling actor – Ashok Kumar. Working as a lab technician in Bombay Talkies, this young man was forced into acting roles, but then he took to this career like fish to water. And he sang – in his debut film – a song to be remembered forever – “Koi Humdum Na Raha, Koi Sahaara Na Raha”. And very interestingly, the later to be renowned SN Tripathi, made his debut as a singer in this film under the baton of Saraswati Devi.

V Shantaram and Prabhat Studios released ‘Amar Jyoti’ this year. A film that told the story of Saudamini, a female pirate captain – was decades ahead of its times, in the manner in which it dealt with the subject matter and the technological aspects. The film represented India at the Venice Film Festival that year. Prabaht and V Shantaram released another film this year, which added a new term to the Indian cinematic reporting – ‘golden jubilee’. ‘Sant Tukaram’ goes on record as the first Indian film to play continuously for more than 50 weeks. The popularity of this film is legendary. There are stories about people and groups of people who would travel tens or hundreds of miles from their villages, sometimes on foot, to go see this film in the nearest town with a cinema. It is reported that ordinary people would say prayers and offer flowers to the posters of this film depicting Vishnupant Pagnis in the title role. Also sent to the Venice Film Festival, this film was applauded as one the best three films of the year, at the festival.

Singer actor Surendra Nath made his debut this year in the film ‘Deccan Queen’. His rendition of “Yaad Na Kar Dil e Hajeen Bhooli Hui Kahaaniyaan…” is a song that has lasted in history. Music directors Dhamman Khan, SN Tripathi and Ashok Ghosh made their entry into film music direction this year.

This was a time when the literary writers started gravitating towards cinema. Scholarly and established poets and authors like Zia Sarhadi, Asghar Husain ‘Shor’, Aarzoo Lakhnawi made their debuts in songwriting in Hindi films. Jaddanbai, who had made her debut as a music director in the previous year (1935) made her entry in the realm of song writing, when she penned the songs for ‘Madam Fashion’ this year.

Other important films of this year are

  • ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ from East India Company, directed by Debaki Bose
  • ‘Deccan Queen’ and ‘Manmohan’ from Sagar Movietone, both directed by Mehboob
  • ‘Jai Bharat’ from Wadia Movietone starring Sardar Mansoor and Husn Bano
  • ‘Passing Show’ from Prakash Films starring Jayant and Padma Devi
  • ‘Saeed e Hawas’ from Minerva Movietone directed by Sohrab Modi
  • ‘Maa’, produced and directed by Prafulla Ghosh; the song “Vande Maatram” appeared for the first time in cinema
  • ‘Gareeb Parwar’ or ‘Daya Ki Devi’ was finally allowed to be released this year. Originally made as ‘The Mill’ in 1934 by Ajanta Movietone, Bombay, this film was banned for public release by the British govt, as it was critical of the foreign rule under strong pressure from the powerful Mill Owners Association. This is one the first film that is based on a literary work by the famous Hindi author, Munshi Premchand.
    [Ed Note: The above corrections are based on inputs from dear Arun ji. Please see the comments below.]

A very interesting aside related to music. Wadia Movietone started a very refreshing endeavour. They started making short films on the famous and important classical music stalwarts. These films were shown without any extra charge, prior to the main feature. In that age and time, this was a great service that was rendered by the house of Wadia, both towards cinema and classical music.

Another interesting aside. We see a couple of instances where an earlier very popular film song had been copied. The first instance is the song “Birha Ki Aag Lagi Morey Mann Mein”, sung by Surendra under the baton of Pransukh Nayak. This song was an imitation of the famous “Baalam Aaye Baso Morey Mann Mein” sung by Saigal Sb for ‘Devdas’ in the previous year. Then again, we hear this song in the film ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ – “Gaawo Gaawo Ae Mere Sadhu Sabhi Bhulaawo Gham” – presented as a parody of the famous KC Dey rendition of ‘Jaao Jaao Ae Mere Saadhu Raho Guru Ke Sang”. Possibly the very first parody song of another film song in Hindi cinema.

Other snippets, ‘Seeta Vivaah’ was released as the first film in Oriya. The film ‘Shokh Dilruba’ gained a dubious distinction – with 150 kissing scenes. And IMPPA (Indian Motion Picture Producers Association) was established.

Now for some numbers for this year. As per the Geet Kosh, number of Hindi films that were censored and released is 134. From the available data and song lists, a total of 1,212 songs were created for these films. Once again, as per the information available in Geet Kosh, 136 songs from 34 of these films have been traced as having been published on gramophone records.

  1. Achhoot Kanya
  2. Amar Jyoti
  3. Amar Prem
  4. Baaghi Sipahi
  5. Bhakt Cheta
  6. Chhaaya
  7. Deccan Queen
  8. Do Deewaane
  9. Faulaadi Mukka
  10. Gol Nishan
  11. Jai Bharat
  12. Janambhoomi
  13. Jeevan Lata
  14. Jeevan Naiya
  15. Khyber Pass
  16. Krorepati
  17. Lagna Bandhan
  18. Maa
  19. Maa Ki Mamta
  20. Maaya
  21. Manmohan
  22. Manzil
  23. Miss Frontier Mail
  24. Naseeb Ka Chakkar
  25. Pahaadi Kanya
  26. Piya Ki Jogan
  27. Prem Ki Aag
  28. Pujaarin
  29. Rajput Ramani
  30. Romantic India
  31. Snehlata
  32. Sunehra Sansaar
  33. Tope Ka Gola
  34. Village Girl

In addition to the above films, based on information exchanged between the circle of collectors of this music, we have songs available from 9 more films. These are,

  1. Kimiagar
  2. Sipahsalaar
  3. Struggle
  4. Aakhri Galti
  5. Aseer e Hawas
  6. Bandits of the Air
  7. Gunehgaar
  8. Laylo Nihaar
  9. Noor e Wahdut

The song being presented with this post is from the 1936 film ‘Bandit Of The Air’ aka ‘Hawaai Daaku’.

This film has an important distinction – that it is the only one film of actor KN Singh, in which he appeared as the hero opposite to Ram Pyaari. On 1st September, just three days ago, was the birth anniversary of this ‘baddie’ cum character actor in Hindi films, with a long innings of over five decades, with more than 250 appearances on the silver screen to his credit.

A top hat, thick and bushy eyebrows – raised in a sinister question, a smoking pipe, and large menacing eyes – a hallmark appearance of this villain that lasted through many decades. His entry into the screen frame always prepared the viewers that someone is going to be bashed, or something evil is going to happen. In an interview, KN Singh recalls the following incident. AR Kardar’s ‘Baaghbaan’ (1938) had been released and KN Singh’s role as a villain had impressed one and all. KN Singh was now working on the sets of a film titled ‘Kaun Kisi Ka’ (1939). Yakub, who was then working with Sagar Movietone and was also a known villain actor, happened to come by to the same studio. Seeing KN Singh, he greeted him as “Hello King”. KN Singh responded to his greeting and said that his name is ‘Singh’ and not ‘King’. Yakub replied, “हम तो तुम्हें किंग ही कहेंगे। हम तो बस यही कहने आए हैं कि हमने अब विलेन का काम करना छोड़ देना है। अब तो गोप के साथ कामेडी किया करेंगे। क्योंकि तुम्हारी तरह हम चल नहीं सकते। तुम्हारे चल के आने में ऐसा लगता है के मुसीबत आ रही है।” (“I will call you as King only. I just came by to say that I am now giving up playing villain roles, and will join Gope and do comedy. Because I can’t even walk like you. When you walk into a scene, it seems as if some calamity is arriving”).

KN Singh was the eldest of five siblings, children of Chandi Prasad Singh, a well known advocate in Dehradun. When he was born on 1st September, 1909, his parents first named him ‘Niranjan’. Then, Chandi Prasad’s guru ji came home to bless the child, and he said – “Krishn has come to your home”. So then the complete name of child became Krishn Niranjan Singh – later to be abbreviated as KN Singh. He studied at La Martenier and Cambridge Schools in Dehradun. His father wanted to send him to London to study law, because he wanted his son to follow in his footsteps. But then a certain event happened that changed the course of life for KN Singh. A murder case came to his father. The accused was a well known rich man of Dehradun. It was a crime of passion, and a lady had been put to death. Chandi Prasad Singh was successful in getting the accused acquitted, by producing some fake train tickets to establish that the accused was not in Dehradun when the crime was committed. This falsification effected KN Singh so much that he prayed his father to relieve him of the promise of becoming a lawyer, because he would never be a party to such lying and deceit. There was a falling out and he left home and Dehradun.

With a friend he travelled to Lahore, and then to Gujranwala. There he setup a cloth printing workshop, that put prints on khadi cloth. The work was good and he soon set up another print workshop in Lahore. Then, in collaboration with another friend, he established a coaching school for students in Roorkee – K&D Tutorial Institute. In 1930, he was asked to return to Dehradun, and his parents got him married. This first marriage did not last long, as his wife unfortunately passed away in 1932. KN Singh stayed on in Dehradun.

In 1935, he went to Calcutta to visit his sister, who had shifted to Calcutta after her marriage. Now, in Dehradun, KN Singh was friends with Nityanand Khanna, a person who turns out to be a cousin of Prithviraj Kapoor. This was the time that Prithviraj was working with New Theatres in Calcutta. So KN Singh met Prithviraj and they became good friends. At Prithviraj’s residence, one day KN Singh happened to meet Debaki Bose. Debaki Bose suggested to him to become an actor. KN Singh, at first, tried to let it go as an exchange in lighter mood. He returned to Dehradun. But that suggestion kept sitting as a worm at the back of his mind. Sure enough, after a short while, he was back in Calcutta. With the help of Prithviraj, Debaki Bose cast him in the role of a doctor in the film ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ (1936). The film journey of KN Singh had started.

Very soon, the word got around the Calcutta film circles about this handsome young man from Dehradun, who could speak Urdu very well. Modern India Talkies were looking for a new face to be the hero in their next venture – ‘Bandit Of The Air’ aka ‘Hawaai Daaku’. With the promise that he would not be required to sing or jump around the trees, KN Singh agreed to take on that role. That film was also released in 1936. Meanwhile New Theatres again offered him a role in their film ‘Anaath Ashram’ (1937). This role was once again a villain’s role. Next came ‘Vidyapati’ and then ‘Milap’, both in 1937. Incidentally, ‘Milap’ was a production from Moti Mahal Theatres in Calcutta, and was produced and directed by AR Kardar himself.

His second marriage happened in 1937. He merrily describes the episode. The shooting for ‘Vidyapati’ was in progress, and he was summoned to Dehradun for getting married. In the midst of the shooting schedule, he asked for a two days reprieve, went home, got married and promptly returned to the studios, as the sets were still in place and some scenes were waiting for his return. With good humor he explains, there is a scene in the film in which he is shown about to enter the royal court of Prithviraj Kapoor. After this scene is shot, he takes leave to go home for his marriage. Then returns after two days and completes the rest of the shot of the royal court. As he explains, just before entering the ‘darbaar’  he is an unmarried person, but in the very next scene as he is inside the ‘darbaar’ and present in front of Prithviraj Kapoor, he is a married man. None in the industry would have had such a swift wedding affair, he laughs.

His presence in the film industry was being noticed seriously. AR Kardar invited him to come over to Bombay, and take on the villain’s role in his upcoming ‘Baagbaan’ (1938). After the release and success of ‘Baagbaan’ – there really was no looking back. The film went on to celebrate a golden jubilee, and KN Singh was typecast as a villain forever.

After KN Singh moved to Bombay in 1938, slowly the exodus started from Calcutta in general, and New Theatres in particular. Majority of the film artists and film music makers also migrated slowly to Bombay. Impacted by the great famine in Bengal, the closing years of the world war II, contributed to a general slowdown of the economy, and the film industry in Calcutta.

After coming to Bombay, KN Singh settled into his career as a villain cum character actor in the Bombay world of cinema. After the golden jubilee success of ‘Baaghbaan’, Ezra Mir cast him in ‘Sitaara’ (1939). Arriving in Bombay, he worked himself into the top bracket of the highest paid character actors in the industry. And with the coming of most of his old friends from Calcutta, he felt quite at home now in his flourishing career.

In Calcutta, while at New Theatres, KN Singh also became very good friends with KL Saigal. In an interview he once refreshed his old memories of the days when most of the cream of Bombay industry used to stay within a 20 to 30 minutes walking distance from each other in Central Bombay. The camaraderie within this group consisting of Prithviraj Kapoor, Shyam, Om Prakash, KN Singh, Bhagwan, Jairaj, Nargis, Kidar Sharma, KL Saigal, Madan Puri, Jagdish Sethi, Manmohan Krishan, PN Arora, Robin Chatterjee, Sitara Devi, Jayant, Anil Biswas, Dronacharya, Manna Dey, Phani Mazumdar, Brijrani, Dwarka Khosla, PN Khanna (these are the names he himself has mentioned in the interview) was of a very fond friendship. There would be frequent get-togethers and picnics, and friends would drop in unannounced, into each other homes, as well as at work in studios. He cites specifically the scene from ‘Awaara’ (1951), which is the final confrontation between Raj Kapoor and KN Singh, and in which the latter dies at the end of the scene. KN Singh is brandishing a knife, and it is supposed to fall out of his hands and come in Raj Kapoor’s possession. While the action steps were being discussed, Bhagwan Dada dropped in unannounced into the studio. Having been a stunt master earlier, he got involved into the discussion, and suggested how the scene should be executed. Raj Kapoor took that suggestion very sportingly and the scene was shot as suggested by Bhagwan Dada.

Another interesting anecdote he tells is about the film ‘Ishaara’ (1943). The lead pair was Prithviraj and Suraiya, and KN Singh was playing the role of the hero’s father. Now Prithviraj was three years elder to KN Singh. So, says KN Singh, that he formally asked for permission from Prithviraj to take on that role, because in this role he would be scolding and berating his elder cast member. The times, yes, they were different in that era.

Close to end of 1946, an ailing KL Saigal left Bombay for the last time, proceeding to his hometown Jalandhar for treatment and recuperation. He was not destined to return. It is significantly noted in many articles and information pieces – there were only two people to see him off a the Bombay station – one was his driver and the second person was KN Singh. The film ‘Parwaana’ (1947) was still under production and both Saigal Sb and KN Singh were working in it. Providentially, KN Singh is the last person of the film industry who would see Saigal Sb alive.

KN Singh’s inning in the film industry lasted well into the early nineties, a great run of more than five and half decades. The last released movie in which he appears is most likely, ‘Ajooba’ from 1991. He has worked with most actors – starting with Mazhar Khan, Prithviraj and KL Saigal, all the way upto Dharmendra, Amitabh, Rajesh Khanna, Jeetendra and Shashi Kapoor. In his later years he was troubled with failing eyesight, and was quite a bit on his own, alone and forgotten. Most of his old friends were gone by then. He passed away on 31st January, 2000.

A gentleman villain, as opposed to the angry gangster boss, his enduring image is that of a white collared villain, dressed in a fine suit and bow tie, smoking a pipe, with a menacing glance and a calm cold delivery. He was a stickler for discipline and punctuality. It is said in the industry that in his later years, like 1970s and 1980s, producers would cast him in cameo roles, just so that other members of the cast would come to the studio on time, knowing that KN Singh is also part of the team.

Time to come to the song – 🙂 . This song is the only song that is traceable in public domain, for the film ‘Bandit Of The Air’ – ‘Hawaai Daku’; the only one film in which KN Singh made an appearance as a hero, on the promise that he will not be required to sing or dance. 🙂

This film was produced under the banner of Modern India Talkies, Calcutta, and was directed by AR Chaudhry. The story of the film was written by AR Chaudhry himself. The star cast listed for this film is Ram Pyari, KN Singh, Mazhar Khan, Hashmat, Manzari, Adhar Singh, Tila Mohammad, OP Sharma, MC Kazi, Faiz Mohammad, Bachu, Poornima, Pratibha, and Master Vilayatu.

For this film, 11 songs are listed in the Geet Kosh. Music director is Motilal Nayak. The names of songwriters and singers are not identified. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please add more information about this song and this film.

A rare song that was created more than eight decades ago. It has been uploaded by Shalin Bhatt ji.
Listen and enjoy.

[Ed Note: This rather longish article which has been in preparation for many months now. KN Singh’s birth anniversary drove it to completion. 🙂 I have adapted material from the following sources for this article.

  • Articles on KN Singh – three print articles provided by dear friend Shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji, from Filmfare, Jansatta, and one more publication.
  • ‘Hindi Cinema – Sadi Ka Safar’ (Hindi Cinema – Journey of a Hundred Years); written by Shri Anil Bhargav
  • ‘Seventy Five Years of Indian Cinema’; by Shri Feroze Rangoonwala
  • ‘Hindi Film Sangeet – 75 Varshon Ka Safar’ (Hindi Film Music – Journey of 75 Years); written by Shri Anil Bhargav
  • Information on songs availability, supplied by Shri Girdhari Lal ji Vshwakarma, (Jodhpur) and Zafar Bhai (Delhi).
  • Hindi Film Geet Kosh Vol. 1 (1931-1940); compiled and annotated by Shri Harmandir Singh ‘Hamraaz’

]


Song – Sona Lene Piya Gaye Soona Kar Gaye Des (Bandits Of The Air) (1936) Singer – [Unknown Female Voice] , Lyrics – [Unattributed] , MD – Motilal Nayak

Lyrics

sona laane piya gaye
soona kar gaye des
sona laane piya gaye
soona kar gaye des
sona mila na piya miley
sona mila na piya miley
roopa bhayo kes
sona laane piya gaye
soona kar gaye des

main birhan ab kab tak tadpoon
tooti mann ki aas
praan pakheru kaise udd kar
pahunchen pee ke paas
pahunchen pee ke paas
loot liya mujhe is maaya ne
haaye badal ke bhes
sona laane piya gaye
soona kar gaye des

aankh se aansoo hardam barsen
jaise ho barsaat
kathin hui hai mujh birhan par
dukh ki kaali raat
koi sunaa de unko jaa kar
koi sunaa de unko jaa kar
mera ye sandes
soona kar gaye des

hardam naina neer bahaayen
dil se nikle haaye
praan sahejun piyu ko apne (??)
mann mein rahun chhupaaye
mann mein rahun chhupaaye
un bin tadpun main dukhiyari
lagi hai mann ko thes
un bin tadpun main dukhiyari
lagi hai mann ko thes
sona laane piya gaye
soona kar gaye des
soona kar gaye des

———————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

सोना लाने पिया गए
सूना कर गए देस
सोना लेने पिया गए
सूना कर गए देस
सोना मिला न पिया मिले
सोना मिला न पिया मिले
रूपा भयो केस
सोना लेने पिया गए
सूना कर गए देस

मैं बिरहन अब कब तक तड़पूँ
टूटी मन की आस
प्राण पखेरू कैसे उड़ कर
पहुँचें पी के पास
पहुँचें पी के पास
लूट लिया मुझे इस माया ने
हाए बदल के भेस
सोना लेने पिया गए
सूना कर गए देस

आँख से आँसू हरदम बरसें
जैसे हो बरसात
कठिन हुई है मुझ बिरहन पर
दुख की काली रात
कोई सुना दे उनको जाकर
कोई सुना दे उनको जाकर
मेरा ये सन्देस
सूना कर गए देस

हरदम नैना नीर बहाएँ
दिल से निकले हाए
प्राण सहेजूँ पिया को अपने (??)
मन में रहूँ छुपाए
मन में रहूँ छुपाए
उन बिन तड़पूँ मैं दुखियारी
लागि मन को ठेस
उन बिन तड़पूँ मैं दुखियारी
लागि मन को ठेस
सोना लेने पिया गए
सूना कर गए देस
सूना कर गए देस


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3693 Post No. : 14608

Today’s song is from a film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ from 1940. It was a film made by Prakash Pictures and was directed by Vijay Bhatt. The lyricist was ‘Anuj’ and the music director was the favourite of Prakash – Shankar Rao Vyas. The film’s cast was Jairaj, Mehtab, Umakant, Amirbai, Prahlad Dutt, Baby Meena (Meena kumari) and also a Dog called Tiger. (I always wonder when people can see that it is a dog, then why the owners name it as Tiger to mislead others ?).

Many people know that actress Mehtab was Sohrab Modi’s wife, having married him against opposition from all, on 28th April 1946. But most people do not know her background. Mehtab was born on 28th April, 1918 in Bombay. Her father Siddee Ebrahim Khan was the Nawab of Sachin (Surat, Gujarat). Her parents named her as Najma. She was the step sister of actresses Zubeida (‘Alam Ara’ fame), Sultana and Shehzadi. She studied up to intermediate. She was fluent in Urdu, Gujrati, English and Marathi. When her father – the Nawab – gave talaaq to her mother, her mother took her to Bombay where her sautan, Fatima, another wife of the Nawab was promoting her 3 daughters to become actresses. Fatima gave her refuge, solace and a promise to promote Najma also as an actress. Her career  started as child artist at the age of 12. She did 3 silent films, namely ‘Second Wife’ (1928), ‘Kamal e Shamsheer’ (1930) and ‘Sheroo Sainik’ (1931) – all  produced by her mother. Her first talkie film as heroine was Indian Arts Production’s ‘Veer Kunal’ (1932) through which she got her screen name Mehtab. Ashraf Khan was the hero of that film. Subsequently, Chandulal Shah signed her for two films viz. ‘Bhola Shikar’ (1933) opposite E Billimoria and ‘Ranchandi’ (1934) opposite Navin Chandra. None of these films did well, so her mother formed a film company of her own. Meanwhile, Mehtab had got married, at the age of 14 years only and had got a son from that marriage, Ismail. However, no film was completed under their company and they faced heavy losses. Moreover, Mehtab’s marriage also didn’t work out and she took divorce and won the custody of her son.

She started doing films in any role, not only heroine’s. After doing 19 films, she got a call from Calcutta. In 1940, she was offered a film named ‘Qaidi’ (1940) made by Film Corporation of India. Though she was not the leading heroine of the film but her acting was praised all over. She did 3 films in Calcutta. After ‘Qaidi’, she did ‘Masoom’ (1941). The banner signed her again as the heroine for their next film ‘Chitralekha’ (1941) in which she created a sensation overnight by doing a bathing scene aesthetically, something shown for the very first time in a Hindi film. Around 1941 to 1943, Mehtab was among the most famous actresses of Hindi films. Her next three films ‘Sharda’ (1942), ‘Chauringhee’ (1942), and ‘Bhakt Kabeer’ (1942) also proved to be hits.

In 1944, Central Studio signed Mehtab for their film ‘Parakh’ (1944). Sohrab Modi was directing the film. At the time of signing the contract, Mehtab told Modi that she had heard that he only took his own close-ups in his films and ignored the others. He told her that he wasn’t acting in that film. Thereafter, Sohrab Modi again took Mehtab as heroine in his film ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945) opposite Wasti under his own banner Minerva Movietone. Slowly, Sohrab Modi fell in love with her and proposed to her. Mehtab agreed only on the condition that she would not leave her son Ismail. Sohrab didn’t find any problem in that and they got married on the birthday of Mehtab, 28 April 1946. Sohrab Modi’s family didn’t approve as they were Parsi and Mehtab was Muslim. Sohrab never interfered in Mehtab’s career or religion. Mehtab had a son from Modi named Mehli who was brought up as Parsi. Modi sent both the sons abroad to study.

Mehtab did few films after marriage like ‘Behram Khan’ (1946), ‘Saathi’ (1946), ‘Shama’ (1946). Her last major film was ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ (1953). She did a small role in film ‘Samay Bada Balwan’ (1969). Sohrab Modi was the producer, director and the hero of the film. It was Sohrab’s first colour film. She acted in total 40 films.

Sohrab Modi died on 28 January 1984 due to cancer of the bone marrow. Mehtab’s both sons were settled abroad, though she spent her life in Cuff Parade, Mumbai till her death. She died on 8-4-1997. She was buried at the Bada Qabrastan, Marine Lines, Mumbai.

Another name one can see in the cast is that of Prahlad Dutt. He was actually a foreign trained photographer and cameraman, and an expert in trick photography. He was working in Lahore in the early 1940s. Pancholi’s film ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945) was getting ready and Prahlad Dutt was its director and trick scenes master. His work was applauded by everyone. The scene where Farhad digs out a canal from a big mountain single-handed, was done by Prahlad with astounding results. After the partition, he ran away from Lahore to Bombay. He soon got work here as his name was well known and famous.

He was working in Ranjit directing a film ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948). It was in early 1948. Gandhiji was assassinated on 30th January. 4-5 days after that, Ranjit studio workers were shocked to find a police jeep entering the studio, in speed. Out jumped an inspector and asked, “Where is Prahlad Dutt?”. Ranjit Manager asked “Why?” the answer was “We have his arrest warrant in connection with Gandhi killing”. While the manager offered to call him here from another floor where he was shooting, the police ran towards that place. As soon as Prahlad saw the police, he started running, with police chasing him and shouting at him to stop. He tried to climb the wall and disappear, but the inspector warned him first and then shot him with his pistol in his thigh. He fell down. He was arrested and taken away.

He was charged with various crimes and a case was put on him. However, he was released unblemished after 4 months. Ranjit management helped him quite a lot in those days. Prahlad Dutt acted in only one film – ‘Ek Hi Bhool’. He directed 5 films in all – ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945), ‘Piya Ghar Aa Jaa’ (1947), ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948), ‘Nazaare’ (1949) and ‘Madhubala’ (1950).

One more name in the cast is that of Umakant (full name Umakant Desai).  I am sure most people would not know anything about him.

People remember Dilip kumar for his double role in ‘Ram Aur Shyam’ (1967) and triple role in ‘Bairaag’ (1976). People also remember Sanjeev Kumar for his 9 roles in ‘Naya Din Nayi Raat’ (1974) or Kamal Hassan for his 10 roles in ‘Dashavtaar’ (2008), but hardly anyone knows that Umakant Desai was the FIRST actor to do 3 roles in film ‘Hukum Ka Ikka’ (1939) (as the rajkumar, as a madari and as a common man).

Umakant Desai was born in Sankheda, near Vadodara (Baroda), Gujarat on 13-6-1908. After matriculation, he came to Bombay and did a job in BB&CI Railways (Bombay,Baroda and Central India Railway), a private railway company of pre Independence period. He used to do roles in local dramas. One day director Chimanlal Desai saw him in a drama called ‘Jaya Aur Jayant’. He was so impressed with him, that he took him to act in Gujarat’s First Talkie ‘Narsi Mehta’ (1932). In this film Umakant did the role of Krishna.

So, the son of a landlord Himmatbhai Jagubhai Desai became a film actor. He joined Prakash Pictures on a salary of Rs 150/- pm, but when he left Prakash, he was drawing Rs 3,000/- pm. In 1934, he worked in Gujarati film ‘Sansaar Leela’. He sang 2 duets with Rajkumari in this film. The film was a hit and was remade in Hindi as ‘Nai Duniya’. He worked in ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942). His best remembered role was as Laxman in film ‘Ram Rajya’ (1943), which created several records, including that it was the first and the only film Mahatma Gandhi ever saw in his lifetime !

Umakant worked in 59 Hindi films and 15 Gujarati films. ‘Anmol Moti’ (1948) was his last film as a hero. Then he shifted to doing character roles. He had worked with Durga Khote, Shobhana Samarth, Pramila, Ratnamala, Ranjana, Sitara, Snehprabha Pradhan, Meena Kumari, Amita, Vijayanti Mala, Nalini Jaywant, Kamini Kaushal etc. For fluency in Hindi and Urdu, he had appointed a teacher also.

He worked in 26 films of Prakash, in which 8 films were directed by Vijay Bhatt. He mostly worked in mythological and social films. Some of his films were ‘Miss Mala’, ‘Chhote Babu’, ‘Station Master’, ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Poornima’, ‘Anmol Moti’, ‘Kavita’, ‘Hamara Ghar’ etc . He did Laxman’s role in 7 films.

Umakant’s son and daughter-in-law died a tragic death in a snow blizzard in USA in 1975. His wife Kaumudiben died in 2006 and Umakant died on 25-1-2007.

He was awarded Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Award in 2004.

While going through the title index by Harmandir ji for films from 1931 to 2012, I found that the word ‘EK’ is the most used word in Hindi film Titles. As many as 206 films are made, beginning with the word ‘EK’. Amongst these, there are 32 film titles starting with ‘Ek Aur ….’. Films with title ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ were made 3 times – 1940, 1981 and 2005.

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and NM Adhikari. I have not been able to get any information about this male singer. It seems this was the only film in which he sang. He sang 1 solo and 1 duet. With this song, the film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ of 1940 and the singer NM Adhikari make their debut on our blog.

(Credits- Sapnon Ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Harish Raghuwanshi, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes.)


Song – Main Phoolon Ki Sugandh Bankar Upvan Saara Mehkaaoon (Ek Hi Bhool) (1940) Singer – Amirbai Karnataki, NM Adhikari, Lyrics – Sampatlal Shrivastav ‘Anuj’, Music – Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main phoolon ki
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
main bhaunra
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun

main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun

aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
hai nai umangen laayen
hai nai umangen laayen

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं फूलों की
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
मैं भौंरा
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ

मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ

आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
है नई उमंगें लाएँ
है नई उमंगें लाएँ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3689 Post No. : 14596

Today’s song is from film ‘Divorce’ (1938) – aka ‘Talaaq’. The song is sung by Sheela, lyricist was Pt. Anand Kumar and the MD was Meer Saheb (assisted by Ramchandra Chitalkar). The cast of the film was Naseem Bano, Gajanan Jagirdar, Prem Adib, Sheela, Vimla, Navin Yagnik, Khan Mastana etc. The film was made by Minerva Movietone and directed by Sohrab Modi. Divorce was one of the 3 films Modi made based on social problems. First film was ‘Meetha Zafar’ on alcohol habit, ‘Divorce’ was on separation of a couple and ‘Bharosa’ was on a very taboo and sensitive issue like incest.

One name in the cast is of Gajanan Jagirdar. We all know the famous actor and director Gajanan Jagirdar (real surname Jahagirdar. B 2-4-1907 D- 13-8-1988), but few know that he was branded ‘unlucky’. ‘Padosi’ (1941) was Jagirdar’s first film with Prabhat film company. By the time the film was complete Shantaram and his some friends left Prabhat making it crippled. Second time Jagirdar worked in  film ‘Ramshastri’ (1944) for Prabhat, the important partner Vishnupant Damle died and Prabhat almost collapsed. The third time Jagirdar worked for Prabhat in film ‘Lokmanya Tilak’, the company was auctioned and closed down for ever ! When Jagirdar worked in “Shahir Parshuram”of Mangal pictures, the company went bankrupt and closed down. In 1953, top production company Alhad Chitra employed Jagirdar for a bilingual film, ‘Mahatma’ (1953), not only the film flopped, it drowned the company and the Producer Datta Dharmadhikari came on the road. For survival he started a roadside kitchen !

Jagirdar started as a freelancer in the industry, in the film studios of Prabhat Films and Minerva Movietone and later acted and directed in a number of films post his accidental debut ‘Jalti Nishani’  in 1932.  He was hand-picked by V Shantaram to act in ‘Jalti Nishani’ when actor DD Mane wasn’t able to say the Urdu dialogues onscreen properly. And even though he was only 25, he enacted the part of a 75-year-old with aplomb.

Jagirdar began acting on the stage as a young child. As he grew older, he formed Arun Players, a theatre group which enacted plays like Harindranath Chattopadhyay’s ‘Returned from Abroad’ to Anton Chekhov’s ‘The Cherry Orchard’.

Not bound to any one studio, he worked as a freelancer for most of the major films studios of the time — from Prabhat Films to Minerva Movietone. At Prabhat, he began with writing the  English inter titles for films. He also taught the Prabhat artistes Urdu dialogue delivery. He assisted Bhalji Pendharkar for a bit and directed a few films like ‘Begunaah’ (1937) for Master Vinayak’s banner Hans Pictures. Later, he moved on to work as a scenarist (screenwriter) for Minerva Movietone’s ‘Meetha Zahar’ (1938) and ‘Divorce’ (1938). He also worked with filmmaker PK Atre, both as actor and director in a few films.

For V Shantaram’s last film with Prabhat Films, the famed director took up the issue of communal tension in the country. Jagirdar played the Muslim character Mirza, while Mazhar Khan played the Hindu character, Thakur in the bilingual. ‘Padosi’ was a critical and commercial hit at the time.

‘Ramshastri’ (1944) was a landmark bilingual film on Peshwa Madhavrao’s chief justice and one of the last classics produced by Prabhat Films. The film went through three directors — Raja Nene, Vishram Bedekar shot portions of the film before Gajanan Jagirdar, who was playing the lead character Ramshastri Prabhune, took over to finish it. It is said that V Shantaram also directed parts of it.

In Asit Sen’s ‘Apradhi Kaun’ (1957), Jagirdar played double role as two brothers Shrinath and Dinanath. It was a fantastic opportunity for the actor. As the wealthy Shrinath who has   inherited all of the ancestral property, Jagirdar was cool and composed. Meanwhile, as the down-on-his-luck brother Dinanath, Jagirdar transformed himself and his body to differentiate the two. Jagirdar acted in 147 films, directed 17 films and wrote 13 songs in film ‘Sant Tulsidas’ (1934).

Prior to his career in films, Jagirdar was also a teacher and later also taught acting. He became the first principal of the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) in 1960, but resigned after a year.

He wrote two autobiographies that were published in 1971 and 1986. Additionally, he also wrote a book on acting which explored the Konstantin Stanislavsky’s method to the craft.

The film’s songs were written by Pt. Anand kumar. He was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.

His first book ‘Mera Haq’ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’ (1943), under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a hit marathi film, ‘Gora Kumbhar’ (1942). Some of his films as a Lyricist were ‘Suvarn Mandir’ (1934), ‘Katle Aam’ (1935), ‘Pratibha’ (1937) ‘Divorce’ (1938), ‘Saathi’ (1938), ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940), ‘Punarmilan’ (1940), ‘Charnon Ki Daasi’ (1941), ‘Raja Rani’ (1942) etc. As a writer some films were, ‘Divorce’ (1938), ‘Honhaar’ (1936), ‘Saathi’ (1938), ‘Vasantsena’ (1942), ‘Rang Mahal’ (1948) etc.

Today’s song is sung by Sheela.  Sheela (real name – Roshan Ara) was born on 13-3-1925 at Sholapur-Maharashtra. Her father was Station Master at Sholapur Railway Station.

Once Sohrab Modi had come to Sholapur with his drama company. He went to the station to do reservations and saw Sheela. They got to know each other and he proposed to give her roles in his films. Thus Sheela came to Bombay in 1936 and Joined Minerva Movietone as a singer/actress.

Her first film was ‘Khan Bahadur’ (1937), in which she sang and acted. Then came ‘Jailor’ (1938) in which she sang 4 solo songs under MD Mir Sahib. Then ‘Divorce’ and ‘Meetha Zahar’ came.

She became famous only after her songs in ‘Pukar’ (1939). ‘Bharosa’, ‘Wasiyat’ and ‘Sikander’ also gave her name and fame. In ‘Sikander’ she had 6 songs out of total 7 songs. The famous song “Zindagi Hai Pyaar Se” also has her voice in the chorus. She was heroine in film ‘Wasiyat’ (1940).

‘Ulti Ganga’, ‘Bhakta Raidas’, ‘Prithvi Vallabh’, and ‘Patharon Ka Saudagar’ were all Minerva films. She had also done films elsewhere – ‘Alladin and Wonderful Lamp’, ‘College Girl’, ‘Gaibi Gola’, ‘Jahan Ara’, ‘Keemti Qurbani’, ‘Sansar Naiya’, ‘Shaitan Ka Paash’ etc. After 1943, she almost stopped working. Only in ‘Beete Din’ (1947) and lastly in ‘Billi’ (1949)’ sang songs, which was a stunt film of Nadia and Cavas.

She had married the actor Rama Shukla, in 1947. He was a Kanauji Brahmin and the families had terrible opposition to their marriage. The marriage was by Registration. Only 4 friends were present in the marriage. They had one son and one daughter. Rama Shukla died by heart attack in the 50s.

Her voice had a peculiar mixture of muslim style of Amirbai Karnataki and Marathi slant of Shanta Apte.

There is an anecdote with one of her songs. When film ‘Pukar’ was in the making, C Ramchandra was working as an assistant to MD Meer Saheb. He has mentioned in his autobiography also that in the absence of Meer saheb, he used to insert his tunes to songs as Meer Saheb’s. This was known to many, except, may be, Meer Saheb himself. One of the very popular songs sung by Sheela “Tum Bin Hamri Kaun Khabar Le” was actually composed by C Ramchandra. This is supposed to be CR’s first composed song. The credit, of course, went to Meer Saheb.

The song is very sweet and is sung also nicely.

(Credits- Swaron ki Yatra, Cinerang by Mujawar, Film Directory, Hindi Film Singers by Prof Yadav, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes.)


Song – Wo Aayen Na Aayen Yahaan Sajni (Divorce) (1938) Singer – Sheela, Lyrics – Anand Kumar, Music – Meer Saheb

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai

wo dekhen na dekhen hamen un ko
wo dekhen na dekhen hamen un ko
dil apna aaj dikhana hai
dil apna aaj dikhana hai
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai

chaahe tum to kahaani bahut hi padhi
chaahe tum to kahaani bahut hi padhi
hamen apne haal sunaana hai
hamen apne haal sunaana hai

un ko apni kehte kehte
un ko apni kehte kehte
un ke dar par mit jaana hai
un ke dar par mit jaana hai

is raah ki khaaq mili jo hamen
is raah ki khaaq mili jo hamen
un ke kadmon ka thikaana hai
un ke kadmon ka thikaana hai
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai
ghar hum ko aaj sajaana hai
wo aayen na aayen yahaan sajni. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
घर हमको आज सजाना है
घर हमको आज सजाना है

वो देखें ना देखें हमें उनको
वो देखें ना देखें हमें उनको
दिल अपना आज दिखाना है
दिल अपना आज दिखाना है
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
घर हमको आज सजाना है
घर हमको आज सजाना है

चाहे तुम तो कहानी बहुत ही पढ़ी
चाहे तुम तो कहानी बहुत ही पढ़ी
हमें अपना हाल सुनाना है
हमें अपना हाल सुनाना है

उनको अपनी कहते कहते
उनको अपनी कहते कहते
उनके दर पर मिट जाना है
उनके दर पर मिट जाना है

इस राह की खाक़ मिली जो हमें
इस राह की खाक़ मिली जो हमें
उनके कदमों का ठिकाना है
उनके कदमों का ठिकाना है
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी
घर हमको आज सजाना है
घर हमको आज सजाना है
वो आयें ना आयें यहाँ सजनी॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3676 Post No. : 14564

Today’s song is from film Watan-1938.

This was a film made by Sagar Movietone. Those days, Sagar was a powerful film making company. They had the best of directors, big stars and MDs. Directors like Mehboob. Sarvottam Badami, Chimanlal Luhar, Ramchandra Thakur, Zia Sarhadi, Ezra Mir ( real name Edwyn Meyers), Virendra Desai,Nanubhai Vakil etc gave famous and popular films. However, not all films made by Sagar were High Class. Film ” Watan” was also one such film, which probably worked as a ‘ filler ‘ for Sagar. 1937 and 1938 were the Golden years for Sagar, in which the company gave popular films like Jagirdar-37, Mahageet-37, Gramophone singer-38 and 300 days and after-38.

Film Watan-38 had a cast of Kumar, Bibbo, Sitara Devi,Maya Banerjee, Yakub and other regulars of Sagar. The film also included Ram Marathe ( credited as Ramchandra), who became a very famous classical singer in later years. The film was directed by Mehboob and the music was by Anil Biswas. Initially Sagar had their favourite MD, S.P.Rane, who was a Maharashtrian from Gujarat. Out of Sagar’s first 18 films, Rane was MD for 15 films. Anil Biswas was associated with Sagar from film Manmohan-36, as an assistant to Ashok Ghosh. Independently, his first film was Jagirdar-37. Later he gave music to 11 more films of Sagar and 2 films of National Studios. he and director mehboob Khan teamed up in 6 films and were very good fiends-till a misunderstanding cropped up, after Sagar merged into National Studios. After this they never worked as a Team.( In 1956, Anil Biswas gave music to film Paisa hi Paisa, made by Mehboob Productions . However, the film’s director was Mehrish- who had insisted for Anil Biswas- and not Mehboob. During the film’s making, Mehboob avoided meeting AB and even left on foreign tour without meeting him even once ! ).

The Hero of the film Watan-38 was Kumar. Actually his real name was Syed Hasan Ali Zaidi. The change of his name to Kumar was part of an interesting story. Anyway, one can easily say that Kumar was the pre-cursor to the unlimited crop of various Kumars that we saw in the decades of 50s onwards.

In Hindi film industry, changing the name of the artiste was nothing new. One thing is sure. This trend of changing names was started by Kumar only. Many actresses changed their names after coming in films. Some did it because they wanted to hide their religion and some did it as there were artistes with the same name already in films. For example, Shyama. There were already 2-3 Khurshids in the films and her real name was Khurshid, so she changed it. Similarly, Meena Shorey’s name was also Khurshid. Some of the actresses who changed their names were, Jyoti, Renuka Devi, Purnima, Meena kumari, Madhubala, Rattanbai, Madhuri, Pramila, Sabita Devi, Bimla kumari, Indira Devi, Latika, Seeta Devi, Manorama, Nadira, Meera etc etc.

In case of male actors, the name changing percentage was mush less. Few cases like Ashok kumar, Kishore kumar,Ranjan,Dilip kumar,Manhar Desai and some more can be counted. Male name changing was seen in as late period as the 80s and 90s too. Cases in point are Rajesh khanna, Akshay kumar etc etc.

Actor KUMAR was born in the prestigious family of Syed s of Lucknow-UP in India,on 23-9-1903.His real name was SYED HASSAN ALI ZAIDI.
His family used to call him MIJJAN Miyan.

He was a handsome and tall person.He was keen on joining cinema,so he came to Calcutta and joined New Theatres. After doing side roles in Subah ka Tara and Zinda lash,he was hero in PURAN BHAGAT in 1933.Even Saigal was also in the film.The film was about to be released and suddenly communal riots broke out in Calcutta.The new Theatre management found it difficult to announce a muslim name of the hero of PURAN BHAGAT,in the tense atmosphere of Calcutta.The director of the film was kumar Debaki Bose,a person from a Royal family.He took a dicision and told Mijjan,” from today,I am giving you a part of my name.You will become KUMAR now.”This solved the film release problem and thus his name became KUMAR,then onwards.Truly enough,Debki Bose,thereafter, never used his name Kumar again in his life !

After doing Yahudi ki Larki,Kumar came to Bombay. First he worked in Sagar ( 5 films) , Imperial (2 films)and then joined Ranjit Studios.
In 1939,he married another actress PRAMILA ,who was actually a Jew, Esther williams. Pramila was later India’s FIRST Miss India in 1947.They got a son and a daughter Naqi Jehan(who too became a Miss India in 1967,exactly 20 tears after her mother. Naqi acted opposite Rajesh Khanna in Akhari Khat,as a Heroine.Later she married into the business family of Kamdar of Bombay and became mrs.Nandini Kamdar. Kumar had 3 sons from his earlier marriage.

Kumar did many films in Ranjit,but in 1942,he was removed from Ranjit.At the same time,his friend,CHANDRAMOHAN also left Minerva Movietone( reason-despite PUKAR-39 being a blockbuster,his salary was not increased inspite of a promise by Sohrab modi).They both decided to lauch own company and on 16-3-1942,SILVER FILM CO. was launched.Its first film was Jhankaar.They produced Bhalai,Bade Nawab Saab,Devar,Naseeb,Dhun and Bahana.Kumar acted in these films.he also directed Dhun and Bahana.

He produced and directed Aap-Beeti-1948 under his company,Kumar Studios.Then under Shama prodn. he made Nahle pe dehla,Dhoom Dham and Dilbar.
later in life he made badal aur bijlee and jungle king under Artists United films. Kumar worked in 73 films as an actor from 1932 to 1963.

From Najma in 1943,Kumar did only character roles in films like bhishm pratigya,Dayara,mahal,Shri 420,khiladi,Maalik,Baiju Bawra,yahudi ki ladki. His memorable role was in Mughal e Azam,that of the sculptor and a famous song-‘Aye mohabbat zindabad’ was shot on him. His last film was Raat aur Din (released in 1967)

In 1963, Kumar migrated to Pakistan, and started to work in Pakistani films without any delay. His son, S. A. Hafiz, who made Tauba, later became one of the best and well known directors of the country. Later he settled in USA. Kamal and Zeba played the lead in Tauba, which became a grand success. Kumar worked in quite a few Pakistani films, including Head Constable, Azad, Shabnam, Naela, Saiqa, Sajda (his own film), Hum Dono, Nadya Ke Paar, Ik Musaflr Ik Hasina, Baalam etc. Kumar died in 1982.

Film Watan-38 was directed by Mehboob Khan. He directed 8 films for Sagar and 1 (Aurat) for National Studios. This film, with a Muslim cultural backdrop, was released on the day of Eid. The film was dominated by grand sets and costumes. The story was usual. Conflict between Kazak and Tatar communities, lasted many generations. The film was a complete entertainment package, consisting of Dances, songs, war scenes, Enemity, Revenge, overwhelming costumes and love scenes, in a proportionate manner.

The music was composed by A.Biswas. All songs were written by Wajahat Mirza. Today’s song, ” Kyun hum ne diya dil ” by Sitara Devi was the most popular song of the film. There were total 10 songs. One of the songs-a duet by Anil Biswas and Bibbo was based on the tune made by kazi nazrul Islam ( Nazrul Geeti).

Today’s song is extremely enchanting and I would list it as the best song of Sitara Devi ( she sang 100 songs in 33 films). It truly sounds as a sad and remorseful song. The words of the song remind me of a duet by Surendra and Shamshad begum ” Kyun unhe dil diya” from film Anokhi Ada-48, composed by Naushad.


Song-Kyun hamne diya dil (Watan)(1938) Singer-Sitaara Devi, Lyrics-Wajahat Mirza, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

Kyun ham ne diya dil
thha kiska ishaara
Kyun ham ne diya dil
thha kiska ishaara
aur kis ne kaha thha
ham tumse kahen kya
aur kis ne kaha thha
ham tumse kahen kya
Kyun ham ne diya dil
tha kiska ishaara
Kyun ham ne diya dil

wo khwaabon mein aana
dil mera churaana
wo khwaabon mein aana
dil mera churaana
aur deke ye jaana
aur deke ye jaana
kyun kaisa liya dil
aur keh ke ye jaana
kyun kaisa liya dil
kyun hamne diya dil
aankhon ka ishaara
kyun hamne diya dil

parwaana na aata
kyun shola jalaata
parwaana na aata
kyun shola jalaata
kabhi ishq bulaata(?)
kabhi ishq bulaata(?)
kaahe ko diya dil
ab ishq bulaata
kaahe ko diya dil
donon ne diya dil
aashiq(?) ka ishaara
kyun hamne diya dil


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3672 Post No. : 14552

Today’s song is from film Jailor-1938, made by Minerva Movietone and directed by Sohrab Modi.

Thousands and thousands of actors, directors and musicians worked in this film industry, since films started. Not all of them are known or remembered by people. 95 % of these people are not remembered today. Most names had no faces. They were in the films without any specific personal identity. 5% names are known to many, but it is the special few names which became permanently etched in the minds of people.

You can ask 10 persons to list out 10 names of film personalities, who gave their major contribution or were famous so much that they can not be forgotten. On checking this list of 100 people, you will find certain names repeated in almost every list. Names like Saigal, Dilip kumar, Dev Anand, Rajkapoor, Ashok kumar and Sohrab Modi are certain to be in all the lists. Their contribution to Hindi cinema is unmatched.

Sohrab Modi is remembered fondly by the film buffs for his towering personality, solid voice and his forceful dialogue delivery. Actually, Modi was much more than that. He was the first and the only film maker who took up Historical subjects to make films that left a long lasting impression on the film goers. He loved to do the roles of Historical persons ( actual or mythical) and deliver long dialogues in his resonant voice, clear diction and superb voice modulation.

Sohrab Modi developed these qualities from his stage acting days. In his growing up age at Rampur, he had spent hours in the library of the local Nawab, where his father worked as a Superintendent. This gave him a command on Urdu language. Added to this was his brother Rustom’s drama company ” The Arya Subodh Natak Mandali” in which he acted. In 1935, the brothers set up the ” Stage Films ” to film the two dramas, namely Hamlet aka Khoon ka khoon and Sayeed E Hawas, based on Shakespeare’s play King John, as movies. However, these movies did not do too well, as the audience had seen them on stage several times.

Modi’s Minerva Movietone was established in 1936 by Sohrab Modi and his brother Rustom. It emerged from Stage Films, set up in 1935 to film the stage repertoire of Rustom’s group, Arya Subodh Natak Mandali. Renowned for big-budget historicals, the studio benefited from the Modi family’s existing distribution interests in Gwalior, expanded by the third brother, Keki Modi, into Western India Theatres, owning a chain of 27 theatres in 10 cities. Set up the first Technicolor laboratory (1952) with Film Group and made Jhansi Ki Rani (1953). From 1936 to 1960 Minerva made 28 films. A very impressive score indeed. Modi directed 20 of them. In all Modi acted in 32 films and directed 27 films.

In 1937, Modi made a film ‘Atma Tarang”…..which was a disaster at the box office with just 20 persons in the audience. He was devastated and decided to quit making films. After the show, 4 persons from the audience came to him and congratulated him for making this nice film. They wished him all the best for his future films and left. Later Modi came to know that they were Bombay High court judges. This incident infused him with new hopes and enthusiasm. This changed his life. Initially he focused on making films on social evils like Drinking (Meetha Zehar-38), Husband-wife separation ( Divorce-38) and Incest ( Bharosa-40 ).

However, making film Pukar-39 changed his outlook and set his goals for the future’ for Historical films. Pukar-39 was actually shot in real courts and Mughal Palaces to give it authenticity. For his next film Sikander-41, he brought in Prithwiraj Kapoor for the role of Sikander and he himself took the role of Porus. The film employed high values of Costumes and Props of that era. The entire film was , however, shot with only one camera. His third film was Prithvi Vallabh-43, which was an adaptation of K.M.Munshi’s novel. In this film Modi enacted a dangerous stunt scene of being trampled to death by an Elephant.

His last Historical film was “Jhansi ki Rani”-53. he had hired the best Hollywood technicians. it was shot directly on 35 mm film, and was in technicolor. Modi had borrowed real weapons from Defence ministry, for the shootings. His next film ‘ Mirza Ghalib-54’ won President’s Gold medal ( now called the National Awards), to become the First Hindi film to win it. However this and his next film ‘ Nausherwan E Adil’-57 could not save Minerva’s from running into loss. It made only 2 more films- Jailor-58 and Mera Ghar mere bachhe-60, before closing down production.

Sohrab Modi was probably the only film maker in Hindi films, who handled many genres like Historical, religious, musical, Costume, Social, Action, Reformative, War, psycho Analytical etc etc.

Sohrab Modi was born in Parsi family on 2nd November, 1897. His parents were Parsi civil Servants. For few years he stayed among Parsi community in Bombay. Sohrab Modi childhood was spent with lot of activities. As he grew up, he displayed more interest in exercise and sports. He was seriously sick several times during his childhood and he had to be hospitalized a few times as well. All that led to his tall but thin physique. Later on he was very active. In school he was an average student, he never got hooked to History subject. Many times teacher complained to his his parents for lagging behind in history subject. His parents left no stones unturned to make him study but it all those efforts went in vain.

But Sohrab was good in sports and from childhood he was interested in exercise which helped him to develop his personality in stage acting. Later he shifted with his family to Rampur in Uttar Pradesh. At the age of 14 -15 his mind absorbed many interesting things in acting as he watched silent movies. Soon his mind got diverted toward stage acting.

Sohrab Modi only acted as an extra or side role which was not very helpful to him in furthering his career. But Sohrab was bidding for his time looking for the opportunity where he could act as a leading actor. Very soon he got an opportunity and made his breakthrough. Soon He earned the reputation as Shakespearean actor. Sohrab Modi’s elder brother Rustom helped him in stage acting and people appreciated Sohrab Modi’s acting.

As Sohrab grew up, his personality kept developing. His personality suited the role of king. His portrayal of King in his two plays ‘Khoon Ka Khoon’ and ‘Saed-E-havas’ were additional feathers in his acting cap.

Sheesh Mahal was one of the better movies by Sohrab Modi. It was observed that even blind people were sitting on booked seats. But they put there head down and heard the voice and dialogues of Sohrab Modi. It was for first time in history of cinema that Blind people had tears in there eyes while hearing the dialogues of Sohrab Modi. When one Blind man wasa asked how he enjoyed movie without watching the set up, the Blind man replied that he watched the movie from his heart and heard the dialogues which enabled him to visualise what was going on and so he was able to understand the movie. Ticket Money of these audience were refunded.

In 1976 Sohrab had complained about weakness and headache which were cured by common home remedies and he kept acting in the roles of father and grandfather. Sohrab Modi health kept deteriorating and he had to be hospitalised in 1979 but the true cause of his sickness could not be diagnosed. Sohrab Modi himself never believed that he was sick and he never allowed any Doctor to do any proper diagnosis of his ill health. His common dialogues to doctors were ‘Sher kabi bimar nahi padta Aur agar main bimar Hu to mai jald theek ho jaunga’. His heavy voice was enough to reassure Doctors that all was well and he was discharged within two days.

Soon after completing Razia Sultan, he had started new movie ‘Guru Dakshina’. But unfortunately this film was never completed. In 1981 or 1982 he was again hospitaled. Whole Kapoor Family visited the hospital to convince him to get all checking done. Doctors were 90% sure that Sohrab had cancer since the symptoms of Sohrab indicated that. Sohrab Modi was soon found to have cancer and immediately medications were bought from other countries. His condition led to his frequently hospitalisation. His kept losing weigh. He tried to involved himself to complete his ‘Guru Dakshina’ but his health did not allow him to do that.

On 2nd November 1984, at the age of 86, Sohrab Modi took breathed his last.

Today’s song is “Kaahe Ko Byaahi Bides”. This is a famous song by Amir Khusro. This has been used in several films like, Jhankaar-42, Heer Ranjha-48,Nadir Shah-68,Suhag Raat-48, Maang bharo sajna-80 and Umrao Jaan-2009, in addition to today’s song from film Jailor-38. It is also sung as a NFS by many famous singers. Mostly in films, the original song is mixed with some new lyrics and the credit is given to film’s lyricist. In film Jailor-38 too, the lyricist’s name is given as Kamal Amrohi.

Amir Khusrow ( 1253 to 1325 ) was a Sufi mystic and a spiritual disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya. He lived for 72 years, out of which 60 years he lived in the courts of as many as ten different rulers of the Delhi Sultanate. He was a poet as well as prolific musician. His primary language to write poems was Persian but he composed almost half a million verses in Persian, Turkish, Arabic, Braj Bhasha, Hindavi as well as the Khadi Boli. His Khaliq-e-bari, which is known as oldest printed dictionary of the world deals with Hindi and Persian words. He is regarded as the “father of qawwali”. He is also credited with enriching Indian classical music by introducing Persian and Arabic elements in it, and was the originator of the khayal and tarana styles of music. Khayal later reached to its zenith during the times of Mohammad Shah Rangile and today is integral part of Hindustani classical music. His association with various sultans enabled him to travel and stay in various parts of India and this gave him exposure to various local traditions. This helped him to assimilate diverse musical influences. He was patronized by three Khilji rulers successively.

The singer is Eruch Tarapore. He was a distant relative of Sohrab Modi and he worked only in Modi’s films. he worked in 16 films, right from Modi’s first film Hamlet-35 up to 1948. Eruch sang one song each in 3 films, Meetha zehar-38, Jailor-38 and Phir milenge-43. He died in 1948.
( credits- Cinestaan, Flash back-Isaq Mujawar, Hindi filmon ke geetkar, upperstall.com,MuVyz, HFGK and my notes.)


Song-Kaahe ko byaahi bades(Jailor)(1938) Singers- Eruch Tarapore, Lyrics-Kamal Amrohi, MD-Meer Sahab

Lyrics

kaahe ko byaahi bades
arey sun baabal mora
kaahe ko byaahi bades
arey sun

ham to baabul torey jhaad ki chidiya
ham to baabul torey jhaad ki chidiya
meh barsat udd jaayen re
meh barsat udd jaayen re
baabal mora
kaahe ko byaahi bades

[Ed Note: ‘meh’ = megh, baadal]


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3671 Post No. : 14550

Today’s song is from Anuradha (1940). There were two more films made with the same title- one in 1960 and the other in 2014. Film Anuradha-1960 was the most well known film of these 3 films. The song of today is ” Chahun oar chaandni chitki hai.” It is written by Lajpat Rai and tuned by the veteran composer Badri Prasad. The song is sung by Vatsala Kumthekar.

Vatsala Kumthekar was one of those many aspirants, who dreamt of a bright career, plenty of money,name and fame and a happy retired life. To fulfil this dream, it was customary to go to Bombay and join films.

This is a Maya Nagari. Those who thought that all that glittered was Gold, suffered the bitter fruits of reality. In reality, Hindi film industry is a great leveller. This industry has taken some people from Rags to Riches and some others from Riches to Rags !

There are many cases where an artist reached a particular height of his career in professional life but when the end came, he died unsung, unknown and unatteneded. There are instances like Parveen Babi and Nalini Jayawant, whose death went unnoticed for days together and when news spread their bodies were beyond recognition. For many, the end was violent, like Sayeeda Khan, Director Brij and Shankar Dasgupta.

But the worst is when Death does not come fast and the last days are spent in penury, begging and in bedridden condition unattended.
Master Nissar, who once boasted of owning the only car in Bombay, other than the Bombay Governor, died in Kamathipura slums in Bombay penniless. His last rites were done by the Cine Artists Association.

The beautiful bubbly Meena Shorey died in Lahore in utter poverty and her last rites were done by charity. One time popular hero WASTI was found begging near Liberty Cinema in Bombay. Rattanbai, the famous singer was seen begging at Haji Ali Darga in Bombay. The wife of Khemchand Prakash also was found begging there by Naushad. Mohd.Rafi found Khan Mastana begging near a Dargah. Rajkumari, Vimmi, Bharat Bhushan, Master Bhagwan, Khan Mastana spent their last days very humiliated, in poverty and obscurity. We all know, by now, the sad story of Mubarak Begum living off the meagre earnings of her Auto-driver son, in a Bombay Zopadpatti, till her recent death.

The story of PARSHURAM, once a popular actor/singer of 1930s and 40s is very pathetic. Tabassum,who ran the record breaking TV program ‘Phool khile hain gaulshan Gulshan’, once stopped at a traffic signal. From her car,she saw a familiar face begging at every car. She immediately recognised Parshuram. She got down quickly,took him in her car to the TV studio. He was the same Parshuram who sang the famous song of Duniya na maane-1937 ‘Man saaf tera….’. He was cleaned, fed and robed in fresh clothes. Then she did his live interview on the TV and paid him Rs.1000/- on the spot. Later he got 1 or 2 film offers, but then he disappeared forever. He was a habitual drunkard. He was seen begging again. One day he died on footpath and was cremated by Municipality as an unclaimed body, before his relatives reached to claim the body.

Chandra Mohan, Shaikh Mukhtar, Cuckoo…………so many stories of sorrow and sad ends…….This is Bombay Film Industry-the Maya nagari.

Inspite of all this,still millions of people come to Mumbai with dreams in their eyes…..

Today we see the case of one such singer who scaled heights of popularity and then went to the Nadir from the Zenith….

VATSALA KUMTHEKAR was born in Bombay in 1909.Her family was a noted singers family from Goa. After schooling she got regular music training fro Ustad Barkat Ali,the elder brother of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.She specialised in Thumaris.

Her beauty and sweet voice attracted many and she started holding Mehfils and Jalsas from 16-17 years onwards.her fame spread far and wide and she did programmes all over India. No wonder film companies ran after her.She started the career with Prabhat’s “WAHAN”-1937.
Then came Baanke Saanwariya, Madhu Bansari, Hurricane special, Jumbo ka beta, Aaj ki Duniya, Anuradha, Jai Swadesh, Aurat, Holiday in Bombay, Prabhat,Sangam,Lalaji,Aabroo, Jabaan, Aashirwad, Ishara and Rahat.

She was quite popular and many film personalities were keen to marry her. She got married in 1940, but her married life was bad. Her husband, Ibrahim Sheth, left her for another woman. After 3 years he returned to her. She readily accepted him and looked after him till he died. By now she had stopped getting films. After husband’s death, she almost became penniless and lost her mind. She shaved her head. She was seen roaming in Bombay like a mad woman and begging.

One day her dead body was found on Tardeo Bridge, Bombay. She was identified by some onlooker, but before the news reached the film industry, she was cremated by the Municipality as an unclaimed body.

Film Anuradha (1940) had a cast consisting of Maya Banerji, Trilok Kapoor, Jeevan, K N Singh, Vatsala, Shyamsundar, Anant Marathe , Agha etc.etc. Anant Marathe aka Anant kumar was the brother of actor and famous singer Ram Marathe. I was searching for his information for quite some time. My search ended when I found an article written by his son about his father.

Anant Marathe was born in 1936. In a career that spanned over 50 years, he was a witness to many changes and upheavals in the Hindi film industry. Born in Pune, in a family that was doing well for itself, he had three brothers and two sisters. Losing his father at the tender age of four, he was forced to give up education and begin work, to fend his family. In the process the family left Pune and came to Mumbai, the city that fed every soul.

The world of films, those days, was not an industry. It was just like a 9 to 5 job in an office. Anant Marathe, with his innocent looks, expressive eyes and inborn confidence, was chosen by Master Vinayak, to play a role as a child artiste in a hindi film, Chhayaa. In this film he played the role of a son, who for his own selfish means is used by his father, ( played by Late Shri Chandra Mohan).

The real breakthrough came when he was called for an audition at Prabhat Studios, the most distinguished film company of those days. This 1943-44 film was ‘ Ramshastri’, in which he was to play the part of Chhota (small) Ramshastri. Ramshastri Prabhune was the Supreme Judge of the Peshwa dynasty and known for his supreme judgement. Once he was selected for the role, his grooming as an actor really began. In the storyline, Chhota ramshastri was depicted as a boy who hates to study and loves to play whole day long. He would swim, roam about with his pet dog and enjoy life. For this role Anant marathe was made to learn swimming even though he was scared of water! He could not get along with the puppy dog, even though it was supposed be his pet. And to top it all, after shooting, the swimming and the sequences with the dog were edited from the film! The song, ‘Don ghadicha daav, yala jeevan aise naav” sung by him was very popular at that time. He received an award for his performance as Ramshastri from Bengal Film Journalists Association as the best supporting actor of the year. This film was screened in a number of National and International film festivals.

Film industry in South India was very active in early 50’s. Anant Marathe acted in a number of films produced by the South Indian film studios, namely AVM, Gemini studios etc. Shri Chettiar of AVM was planning a socio-mythological film on the life of a famous saint. The lead role was played Shahu Modak. The film in general was devotional and to bring in an interesting element, a comic character was created, in the form of the saint’s shishya ( pupil ). This role was offered to Anant Marathe and he displayed histrionics that astonished everybody on the sets.

The Director who groomed the great showman Raj Kapoor was Kidar Sharma and Anant Marathe had the privilege to work in one of his films, this time as a villain! The film was Hamaari Yaad Aayegi. This film also launched Tanuja, who would be known as a talented actress in the coming years. Anant Marathe played the role of a character called Pyarelaal, a very deceiving name for a villain! He is a suave character, moving about in the company of elite people but behind the cute face there is a monster of sorts, a wolf in sheep’s clothes. Anant Marathe, with his charming smile was very stunning, not only in his looks but in every move. Kidar Sharma was known to reward any actor who performed a great scene with a 4 anna coin, known as chavanni in those days. A chavvanni earned for a great shot was like an achievement. And Anant Marathe earned many, which he cherished till end.

His journey as an actor continued with great flourish. Since he could speak Marathi and Hindi fluently, he received offers from both Marathi and Hindi films. He was truly a bi-lingual actor.

Manoj Kumar was inspired by the life of Bhagat Singh, the great sikh patriot from Punjab and was planning a film on his life. Manoj Kumar and Prem Chopra were to play the roles of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev respectively but casting for Raajguru, the third freedom fighter was still to be done, as Manoj Kumar wasn’t happy with the short-listed few, to play the role. Manoj Kumar heard about Anant Marathe, who had acted in many hindi and marathi films. Anant Marathe was asked to come over and meet Mnoj Kumar. One look at him and he had found his Raajguru! The experience of working in a truly patriotic film, that too with a thespian like Pran who played a cameo in Shaheed, was a very inspiring experience for him. Incidently Pran did not charge a single rupee for this role! Shaheed brought a wave of patriotism in the audience, they cheered and loved their heroes. The real mother of Bhagat Singh was felicitated at the premiere of this film at Delhi. She was moved by the performances of every actor in the film. What’s more, a special screening was arranged for the then Prime Minister of India, Late Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, who praised the film and awarded certificates of honour to all the actors.

Anant Marathe acted in over 250 Hindi and Marathi films, out of which 71 films are Hindi. he also sang 5 songs in 5 Hindi films.When he made his foray in Hindi films, he was not very fluent in Hindi so he took lessons from a tutor who taught him the nuances of Hindi, thus improving the pronunciations so he could speak the language flawlessly. He also learnt English to give his persona the required sparkle, so important for a lead hero. He had to give up formal schooling due to circumstances that prevailed and may be he made up for it in this manner.

Some of the films he acted in are, Bhakta Bilwamangal (Durga Khote), Bhakta Gopalbhaiya (Amir Kanataki), Geeta (Chandra Mohan, Durga Khote), Gokul ( Kamla Kotnis, Sapru), Jivacha Sakha (Durga Khote, Sulochana), Malti Madhav (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Nanda Kumar ((Durga Khote), Sant Janabai (Hirabai Badodekar), Seeta Swayamvar (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Jawaee Majha Bhala, Choravar Mor, Bhintila Kaan Astaat, Shri Krishna Darshan ( (Durga khote, Usha Kiran), Sampoona Ramayan, Bharat Milaap and many more.

In “ Barkhaa”, he played the role of a doctor opposite Nanda. The song, “ Ek raat mein do-do chaand khile…” became an instant hit. “Bada bhai”, a film starring late Ajit, had him playing Ajit’s younger brother with Amita as the female lead. In “Sanskaar” also he played the lead role opposite Amita. He acted in some Gujrati films also.

In the early stages acting was like a job for him but soon it became a passion. All these years, while he worked in front of the camera as an actor, he learnt the finer details of film making, by observing, making mental notes. He had a flair for writing. In fact, he was a habitual diary writer. He wrote poems for small children and later they were published in the form of a book.
He had a good voice and was planning to be a singer but destiny had something else in store for him, a career in acting.

He wielded the megaphone in year 1974, for a marathi film named “Sonarana Tochala Kaan”, starring comedian and an intense actor Nilu Phule in lead role with Usha Chavan as the female lead. It was inspired by a Hollywood caper with famous comedian, Bob Hope in lead. The film was a huge success all over Maharashtra.

Soon he was set to direct a film in Hindi. After a detailed script was worked out by him, the producer backed out. Losing hope but not the spirit, he turned a new leaf and began work on his next project, once again in Marathi. The name of the film was “ Bijlee”, meaning lightning.

Rangat-Sangat Pratishthan, founded by the wife of late Shri Shahu Modak conferred the Manus puraskaar, an award on him for life-time achievement. The name for this award, for obvious reason is Manus (meaning human), a film by this name had Shahu Modak in a memorable role as a Havildaar.

Anant Marathe lived a content life. Having worked in films from the age of 8 took its toll on him and he passed away in 2002.

Film Anuradha-40 had 12 songs in it- all written by Lyricist Lajpat Rai. He seems to have written songs for only one more film, Deepak-40. The music was composed by Badri Prasad.This is the first song from this film here.I was pleasantly surprised when I listened to few songs from this film, because, contrary to Badri prasad’s earlier music and songs, these songs were sounding fresh. Looks like he was trying to be with the changing tastes of the audience. Sadly, he stopped giving music to films after just 3 more films-Vanmala-41, Madhusudan-41 and Zevar-42. He was, however, active as an actor and later as a choreographer for many years, till late 70s.

( Credits- HFGK, MuVyz, http://www.writewrong.wordpress.com, Isaq Mujavar’s books, Sun jaa dil ki dastaan by J V Kulkarni and my notes)


Song-Chahun oar chaandni chitki hai(Anuradha)(1940) Singer-Vatsala Kumthekar, Lyricist- Lajpat Rai, MD- Badri Prasad

Lyrics

chahun oar
chahun oar chaandni chitki hai
taaron ki basti basti hai
chahun oar chaandni chitki hai
taaron ki basti basti hai
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag sulagti hai
chahun oar
chahun oar

ye mand mand vaayu ki lahren
sukh ke geet sunaati hain
ye mand mand vaayu ki lahren
sukh ke geet sunaati hain
chhed chhed man ke taaron ko
aise saaz bajaati hain
rom rom thhar thhar kaanpe ae ae ae
rom rom thhar thhar kaanpe
nanhi si jaan machalti hai
nanhi si jaan machalti hai
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag nikalti hai
chahun oar
chahun oar

door door saagar ka paani
prem ka naad sunaata hai
door door saagar ka paani
prem ka naad sunaata hai
mast bana paagal sa doley
mast bana paagal sa doley
parvat se takraata hai
dol rahi hirday ki naiyya aa aa naiyya
dol rahi hirday ki naiyya
kaise paar utarte hain
kaise paar utarte hain
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag sulagti hai
chahun oar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3668 Post No. : 14543

Today’s song is from a very old film of the 30s decade, ” Industrial India”-38. This is the first song from this film which makes its debut on the Blog.

When the Talkie films started in India, the enthusiasm of the film makers was such that they went on making a large number of films. In the first 10 years ( 1931 to 1940) of Talkie, a total of 924 Hindi films were made, an average of 92 films per year. This created a shortage of stories and film titles. The stories were made on same subjects and even in film titles, we find that some special words were used repeatedly for films. Here, I am not talking about common words like Tere, Mere, Shri, Bhakt, Alibaba, Allaudin, Aurat, Maa etc etc.

Let us take the word INDIA, for example. There were film Tiltles like Fashionable India-35, Romantic India-36, Industrial India-38 ( incidentally all these three films were directed by Mohan Sinha) and India in Africa-39. When I realised this, I went through the lists of films from 1931 to 1940 and I found that the word Jeewan was usde in * film Titles, like Jeewan Natak-35, Jeewan Naiya-36, Jeewan Lata-36,Jeewan Sangram-36, Jeewan Jyoti- 37, Jeewan Prabhat-37, Jeewan Saathi-37 and Jeewan Swapna-37. I also found that 3 words-Kaala,My, and Noor appeared in 7 film Titles. It was followed by Ghareeb and Song in 5 film titles each, Bhedi, Bulbul, Fairy, Bahadur and Gay- n4 film titles each and then 3 film titles with several words like Bharati, Chaar, Daaku, Lehri, Laal etc etc.

We find that from 1941 onwards, there was a variety in titles as well as in stories. Many new genres were tried by adventurous film makers. Romantic musicals became a popular genre from mid 40s. Films like Geeta-40 and Kismet-43 brought in light crime stories and from Sangram -50 onwards Crime films became bolder. The 50s decade was that of softer stories, musicals and mythologicals. The Film Wagon rode on and on with variety thereafter.

Coming back to today’s film Industrial India-38, it was directed by Mohan Sinha. He was born on 2-12-1903 at Indore. he studied upto matriculation in Indore. His uncle was General Bhavnani Singh, who was in the Indore state army. With his help, Mohan got in state army as a Lieutenant. However, he did not continue for long and left the army. In 1933, he started a film company at Indore-Navyug films. But due to lack of opportunities in Indore, it was closed soon.

Mohan came to Bombay, floated Krishna Films and made and directed a film ” Fashionable India”-35. It was a hit film and he got offers from Rajputana films,General FPictures, Circo and National. He worked with all of them. Sinha went to Calcutta and started Murli pictures. he made ” Swaraj ke sipahi”-37, which was a flop. he came back to Bombay and directed Industrial India-38, for General films. Then came Swastik-39, Laxmi-40,Anuradha-40 and Vanmala-41. He floated Murari Pictures in 1942 and made badlati Duniya-43 and krishnarjuna yudha-45 ( This film was appreciated by Dr. Rajendra prasad, Dr. Shamaprasad Mukherji, Veer Savarkar and Acharya kriplani also)

In 1946, Mohan Sinha directed K L Saigal in Omar khayyam and Surendra in 1857, Raj kapoor in Dil ki Rani-47 and Dev Anand in Jeet-49. Mohan Sinha directed in all 32 films. He wrote lyrics for 62 songs in 7 films. His last film was Shaan E Hind-60. He died in 1984. Mohan Sinha’s granddaughter Vidya Sinha was an actress.

The cast of the film consisted of Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, R Wasti, K N Singh, Mirza Musharaff etc.etc. Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth paired first time in this film. Later they acted together in 11 more films. Their pair attained unprecedented fame and popularity when they were cast as Shri Ram and Seeta Mai- first in film Bharat Milap-42. Their popularity reached a zenith after film Ram Rajya-43 was released. Prakash pictures had struck Gold with this film They tried for the same magic by pairing them in film Raam Baan-48 and later in film Ramayana-54 ( it was made with parts of their earlier films).

Flush with fame and popularity, Prem Adib too jumped on the wagon and made a film Ram Vivah-49- under his own banner, Prem Adib pictures. However, the magic of Ram Rajya was waning and the later films did not have that kind of audience response anymore.

I have not seen this film, Industrial India-38, but my guess is that it was a social film with stress on developing industries in India. As in any social film, the comedian’s role was present and Mirza Musharff did it.

Through Mr. Ramesh Advani(son of Bhudo Advani), I got into contact with Mirza Musharraf’s daughter, who stays in Versova itself,where I too stay. I contacted them. Her husband Muneer Khan, a production manager of Feroze khan earlier gave me some information on Mirza Musharraf Agha. Together with my notes, his mini bio is here.

The name of MIRZA MUSHARRAF AGHA may not ring any bells in the newer generation, as he was a comedian in the 30s and 40s-till the late 60s.

During the 30s and 40s there were quite a few real comedians,who regaled the audiences with their humour.Comedians like V.H.Desai, Ghory and Dikshit (the jodi like Laurel and Hardy),Mirza Musharraf,Bhudo Advani,Noor Mohd.Charlie,Yakub (he had travelled to 15 countries including UK and USA, before joining films) and Gope, Fatty Prasad and Durga Mota were much in demand for comic roles in the films.With the times,one by one,all went behind the curtains,giving way to newer set of comedians like Bhagwan, Sunder, Radhkishen, Mukri, I.S.Johar, Majnu, etc.

Artists fading away is a natural phenomena, but out of the above comedians,the end of Durga Mota was very pathetic and touching.

Durga Mota or Durga Prasad was very fat and this fatness which fetched him name and fame in the industry also became the cause of his death.In 1947,there were riots everywhere.Durga was in Lahore.He wanted to come back to India like other thousands.He came to Lahore station and boarded the train.just then a frenzied mob came to the station and started killing thepassengers.People ran helter skelter and saved themselves,but due to his fatness Durga Mota could not run and he was slaughtered on the station of Lahore itself.

Mirza Musharraf was born in a sophisticated educated family, on 12-6-1912, at Shujanabad-Punjab His father was an inspector of Police and claimed to be a scion of the Royal Mughal family. He matriculated from Lahore in 1930. he was keen on becoming a Journalist, so he worked in Daily Zamindar,Tariyaq and Shahid. He was a Nationalist, joined Congress and became Secretary of Lahore Congress committee. He was imprisoned but father got him released. he decided to change profession.

He was very fond of writing Lyrics.he came to Bombay to write film songs and was employed by General films.Those days educated persons were eagerly employed by film studios.He first wrote Lyrics for A.R.Kardar’s film “Baghbaan”-1938.During shootings kardar required an artist and Mirza was called to fill up the slot,as per the studio norms.Mirza had no dialogues,but he exhibited excellent use of facial expressions and comic timing.This actually killed his dream of becoming a lyrics writer,because after that he was made a comedian and got several films.As a comedian,Mirza worked from 1938 to 1972,working in over 400 films.His last film was Roop tera Mastana-1972.

When he was on the peak of his career,a happy producer gave his Bungalow at Versova free to him for living.Though Versova was then quite far off and sparsely populated,Mirza lived there like a king.The marriages of both of his daughters took place there.

Mr.Sanjeet Narwekar-the famous Film historian/journalist writes in his book, The story of Hindi Film comedy,about Mirza-“His specialty was interspersing his Hindi dialogues with English words-quite a curiosity in the pre-independence days. He was almost a permanent with V.M.Vyas and played cameo roles in a fairly long career.” According to Saadat Hasan Manto in his book, stars of another sky, -whichever film he acted in, he used to be the darling of the Heroes. He was particularly liked by Kardar, K.Asif and Rafik Gaznavi. In many films Mirza lip synched songs, but it was only in ONE film that he got a few lines to sing himself. That was the film CAPTAIN KISHORE-1957.He sang along with Mohd.Rafi and Tun Tun.

Film Industrial India-38 had 3 Music Directors- H C Bali, Anil Biswas and Mushtaq Hussain. As per HFGK, out of 10 songs, 5 songs were composed by Anil Biswas and one was by H C Bali. Looks like the rest were composed by Mushtaq Hussain. All songs were written by the director Mohan Sinha. This song is sung by Prem Adib and chorus.

( Credits- Film Directory, Flash Back by Isaq Mujawar, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes )


Song-Ladne waalo katne waalo (Industrial India)(1938) Singers-Female voice, Prem Adib, Lyrics-Mohan Sinha, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus
Female Voice + Chorus

Lyrics

ladne waalo
katne waalo
aapas mein jhagadne waalo
talwaaren roko
suno suno ek nayi baat
nayi baat
haan nayi baat
dekho ye firangi aaya
nayi nayi cheezen ye laaya
rail car motor ye laaya

mazdooron ko kaam dilaaya
mazdooron ko kaam dilaaya
itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe

daudo
daudo
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
gandhi aaye
haan haan
bolo kya ye laaye
charkha laaye
charkha laaye
bekaaron ko kaam dilaaya
ablaaon ka jeewan laaya

itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
itna hua
phir bhi ham bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe
bharat mein laakhon bhookhe

main hoon asha
main hoon asha
main hoon industry

daudo daudo
aasha aayi
aasha aayi
aasha aayi
achcha bolo kya ab laayi
ek naya sandesha laayi

dhanwaanon rupayon ki thhaili kholo
naye naye kaarkhaane kholo
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
mazdooron o kaam milega
dhanwaanon ko maal milega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
saari cheezen yahin banegi
daulat saari yahi rahegi
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega
bharat naya basega


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3647 Post No. : 14481

ASAD 10th Anniversary Celebrations – 3
———————————————————————

A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.
– Lao Tzu

main akela hi chala tha janib e manzil magar
log saath aate gaye aur karwaan banta gaya
– Majhrooh Sultanpuri

On 19 July 2008, a single step was taken by our Atul ji, the day on which the first song was posted on the blog. It was followed by yet another Roshan number the next day and the journey continues to this date and beyond, much akin to the above sh’er by Majhrooh Saab.

Looking back at the last decade, there is a deep sense of excitement and contention amongst all readers and especially the important contributors. However what is equally true is that the responsibilities and the hope of tracing and introducing obscure songs has only increased. This hope itself is the proof of the immense popularity that the blog enjoys all over the world.  I am sure the blog has become a one-stop destination for all readers in search for old Hindi songs and the correct and reliable information that it serves and continues to provide. About 4000 movies and nearly 15,000 songs covered, the blog has a visitors hits number of more than 10.5 million. Mind-blogging numbers indeed and one can only feel proud of being a part of this great musical extravaganza.

Since it is a special occasion of a decade of the blog’s existence, I suppose, I am at liberty to write a few words about my association with it.

Old Hindi Film songs were a common feature in my house, especially with SLBC and its special program ‘purani filmon ka sangeet’, which is played to this day and to which I am addicted to this day (ask our whatsapp group 🙂 ). With the advent of internet facility, the hobby of listening and gathering information naturally started dominating the searches. And, for people with music interest this blog was a no-escape and also a welcome addiction.

In the initial days, I just tried to absorb and admire the contents. It was not long that the longing to be a part of the blog started to grow. A few comments and corrections here and there started. Seeing that a lot of songs known to self were yet to be represented, I toyed with the idea of sending the lyrics. I ended up sending lyrics for 3-4 songs, but the greed to get more involved did not stop.

It was then that I starting writing posts. After a few posts and with the ideas and plots for writing posts difficult to come by, I started a mini-series on Mukesh and his composers. There is a small contribution of self in this series with 14 posts and 04 posts in another series titled Mukesh and his co-singers. Apart from the posts on Mukesh, I feel proud to have written about Rafi saab, Talat saab and Lata Mangeshkar. There are individual posts on Shamshad Begum, Uma Devi, etc. I have also written about Ghulam Mohammed and Shankar Jaikishan whose compositions, I enjoy immensely.

Of the 30 odd posts, “Sab Thhaath Pada Reh Jaavegaa” has had a great influence on me and especially the verses.

jo paaya hai wo baant ke kha
kangaal na kar kangaal na ho o
jo sab ka haal kiya toone
ek roz wo tera haal na ho o

is haath se de us haath se le
ho jaave sukhi ye jag saara

There was time when some songs of Mukesh were not to my liking. This view is particularly for a few songs at the fag end of his career wherein you find him singing all types of songs without the Midas touch of late 1940’s and 1950’s. Not having understood the lyrics properly, I had counted the above song also in that category. However, while writing the post and especially after Sudhir ji’s English translation, the song seems to be nothing short of philosophy of life that one must follow.

And then, “Lo Mil Gayi Degree Pyaar Ki” had its own story before it was put up as a post. A virtual Kishore Kumar solo was converted into a Mukesh post just because he had two words in the song. It was the last song of Mukesh-Roshan to be introduced to the blog and there was no way, I could lose the opportunity. Many eminent personalities were contacted who held different views on how Mukesh could fit in as he was not part of the movie etc.

Lastly, “Gokul Nagri Jaana” remains the oldest song sung by Mukesh on the blog. I have special memories of writing this post, as I was aware that I had touched upon a gold mine of 06 special songs of his career. Two of them remain untraced to date, but then there have been many surprises on this blog and I am sure all six will be accounted for.

The past year has been hectic for me from job and work point of view. However, with this post, I have barely managed to avoid the guilt of not having contributed for an entire year. I expect saner time allotment for this hobby again.

Coming back to the blog, I consider the following to be a few unique and unparalleled aspects about it.

  • Accuracy and authenticity of the contents
  • Complete and correct lyrics
  • Responsible, authoritative and sound contributors
  • The classification and arrangement of songs under various heads
  • Easy accessibility of information on Hindi songs
  • Common platform for like-minded Hindi songs enthusiasts
  • Due recognition and importance accorded to various artists
  • Accurate statistics of songs and artists contribution.

There could more important USP’s of the blog; however, the following two aspects are also quite important.

  • Opportunity for contributors to pen their thoughts on the blog
  • A unique friendship circle amongst the regulars

I think every reader and especially the contributors can never thank Atul ji and Sudhir ji enough, to acknowledge and appreciate the opportunity given to us to pen down our thoughts and represent songs on the blog. This is a very selfless and noble deed of Atul ji. Like-minded people met online on this blog and started a very special and unique circle, with quite a few sessions, visits etc. A whatsapp group is also formed with a few of the regulars and is more active than the blog itself now. 🙂

For me personally, the opportunity to interact with Mr. Harish Raghuwanshi ji was a great personal fulfilment. He has always helped me with my lists in the posts and also with information which would have been nearly impossible to trace elsewhere. Similarly, being in touch with eminent film historians and authors and knowledgeable personalities such as Shri Arun Kumarji, Harmandir Singh ji and many others has added new dimensions to our lives. In a fast moving world with technological advances, catching up with matters of yesteryears is so soothing and heart fulfilling. When we talk of ‘good old days’, here is a platform that binds us together.

Coming back to the series on Mukesh, a sort of regret that will always remain with me is not having a post on the collaboration of Mukesh with composer Anil Biswas. People fond of Hindi music need no explanation to elaborate the influence of Anil Da and stepping stone in Mukesh’s singing career with reference to “Dil Jaltaa Hai To Jalne De”Of the 22 odd songs that Mukesh sang for Anil Da, all have been covered on the blog. Not to give a sense of false hope, I would like to clarify that the song that I am presenting here today has nothing to do with Mukesh.

Instead, I would like to write on Anil Biswas.

What can one write about the ‘Bhishm Pitamah’ of Hindi film music that has not been written earlier. A pioneer of playback singing in India and the composer who gave the initial breaks to singers like Parul Ghosh, Meena Kapoor, Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Sudha Malhotra etc. He is credited with coaching Lata Mangeshkar with breath control techniques during recording of songs. Begum Akhtar’s timeless classics in the film ‘Roti’ (1942) were scored by him. Mukesh, Talat Mahmood, Suraiya et al have sung several of their classic songs under his composition. Lata having sung under various composers has a lot of numbers under his composition too and these songs will always remain on a higher plane. The fame achieved by the songs in ‘Kismet’ (1943) will be discussed and mentioned for a very long time.

There is enough material on the net on Anil Biswas, his life in Mumbai and Delhi, the many pioneering aspects of his compositions, how the mighty composers of later-years were his assistants earlier etc. And then there is also a detailed wikipage dedicated to him. However, I would like to draw the attention of readers to AK ji’s blog songsofyore.com.

Seventh of July, last week was the birth anniversary of Anil Da. Four years back, 2014 was his centenary year and the AK ji’s blog has a wide range of tributes and had dedicated an entire year on Anil Biswas starting with his daughter’s introductory post which one can find here. The eighth and last post on this special series can be found here.

The last post referred above also contains in its first paragraph links to the other six posts on Anil Biswas posted in his centenary year. I think die-hard fans of Anil Da can look no further than these posts to enjoy the complete range of his compositions for various artists and well himself.

Yes, he did sing for himself and I present here one such song composed and also sung by him.

I have no words to express my happiness in writing this post and introducing the song composed as well as sung by Anil Biswas to the blog. The immense gratitude to Atul ji and Sudhir ji for giving me yet another opportunity to write goes without saying.

This solo song is from the film ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (1939). Only one of the potential twelve songs in the film has been posted on the blog so far and this is only the second song from the film to be posted.

To conclude the post, I once again congratulate Atul ji and Sudhir ji on this stupendous achievement of one decade of existence of the blog. There is a long way to go and many more milestones to be achieved. As we complete one decade of existence and march into the second, then to silver jubilee and beyond, the journey itself has become the destination for Atulites.

Long live the music of vintage and golden era, long live the passion of Atulites and long live the longevity of the blog. 🙂


Song – Bhai Hum Pardesi Log Hamen Kaun Jaane  (Ek Hi Raasta) (1939) Singer – Anil Biswas, Lyrics – Pt Indra Chandra, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
na koi apna na koi apni..ee..ee
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraye log
hamen kaun pehchane re  
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
khud hi rijhaaen khud man jaaen
chaahe ramaaye jog
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
chaahe bane diwaane re bhai
hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
 
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
sab se milte phir bhi akele..ey..ey
apne dil ka rog  
apne dil ka rog
koi kya jaane re bhai
koi kya jaane re  
bhai hum pardesi log  
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane  
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
na koi apna na koi apni
sabhi paraaye log
hamen kaun pehchane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun pehchaane re
bhai hum pardesi log
hamen kaun jaane
o bhai hum pardesi lo..o..ogg

————————————–
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
—————————————

भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी॰॰ई॰॰ई
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
खुद ही रिझाएँ खुद मन जाएँ
चाहे रमाएं जोग
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
चाहे बने दीवाने रे भाई
हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने

सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
सबसे मिलते फिर भी अकेले॰॰ए॰॰ए
अपने दिल का रोग
अपने दिल का रोग
कोई क्या जाने रे भाई
कोई क्या जाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
ना कोई अपना ना कोई अपनी
सभी पराये लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन पहचाने रे
भई हम परदेसी लोग
हमें कौन जाने
ओ भई हम परदेसी लो॰॰ओ॰॰ओग


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(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14707

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1147
Total Number of movies covered =4018

Total visits so far

  • 10,895,139 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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