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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Ameerbai Karnataki songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3782 Post No. : 14762

Today’s song is from the film Gunsundari(1948). It was a bilingual movie in Gujarati and Hindi, made by Ajit Films-a cover company of Ranjit Movietone.

This film was the third Avatar of the same story with same title. First time, Chandulal Shah wrote the story of the film, based on a famous Gujarati drama,”Sangeet Leelavati”, which had appeared in the first decade of the twentieth century. It was written by Keshavlal Bhojak. Chandulal Shah directed the silent film Gunsundari-1927, made by Kohinoor Film company. The cast included Miss Gohar, Raja Sandow and Rampyari in the lead. This silent film was remade in 1934 as a Talkie film ” Gunsundari’-1934, with the same story and same cast. Like the first silent film, even this edition was a hit film.

In the initial stage of Ranjit Movietone, Gunsundari-34 was a Milestone and gave the company the much needed money and stability. Incidentally, after this film, Chandulal and Gohar Mamajiwala came closer and stayed together till Chandulal’s death.

In 1946-47, when Ranjit Movietone came into financial difficulties ( Chandulal Shah had lost 1.25 Crores in one day in Satta Bazar ), it was ‘Gunsundari’ again which was thought of as a saviour. This time, however, the film was made by a cover company of Ranjit- Ajit Chitra, and was directed by Ratilal Punatar, nephew of Chandulal Shah. The set of actors also changed as Gohar had not only stopped acting, but had passed the age and glamour of a Heroine, by now.

A new Heroine- Kokila Balsara was selected as Heroine. She was renamed as Nirupa Roy. This was her first film as a Heroine. The Hero was Manhar Desai. He was actually a Christian- Malcolm Alfredo D’souza. This was his first film with Nirupa Roy. Later, the pair featured in many films-mostly Mythologicals. In Hindi films, it is a miracle that two Christian actors- Manhar Desai and Shahu Modak, became famous by doing Hindu God’s roles in Hindi films. This also confirms that our Film industry was truly a Secular one.

Due to the Partition, Independence etc, film Gunsundari got delayed. Meanwhile Chandulal started another film Lakhon mein ek-47, with Nirupa Roy as the Heroine. This film was released first and for Nirupa Roy, it was on record as her Debut film as a Heroine. As expected, Gunsundari-48 which was made in Gujarati and Hindi, became a hit film in both languages. Nirupa Roy’s acting was appreciated by one and all…including the impossible Baburao Patel of Film India. Gujarati people spread all over India loved the film, as it was shown to be a story happening in a Gujarati family.

The story of Gunsundari was very simple. A simple village girl is married to a rich, educated and modern boy. He does not like this villege belle and keeps off her, spending his time with a professional singer. The film showed how the heroine gets herself educated and becomes modern. At the same time she serves her in laws in traditional ways, winning their hearts and support. In the end, the husband realises his folly and she wins him back completely.

Indian film audience of India is unusual. They are not tired of repetition of popular stories and themes rather they take pleasure in repeat viewing. Therefore a popular theme gets made as a film again and again. This is exactly what happened in case of Gunsundari.

There are several examples of popular films made with same story and same title.

Gunsundari- 1927, 1934 and 1948 ( Gohar in first 2 films)
Devdas- 1934 (Bangla), 1935 (Hindi) and 1955 ( I am not counting Shahrukh’s film)
Anarkali- 1928, 1935 and 1953 ( Sulochana-Ruby Myers- acted in all three. In the first two films, she was Anarkali. In the third, she did a character role.)
Khazanchi-1941 and 1958 ( Manorama acted in both films.)

Off hand, I remember only these films, where the story and Title was same. There may be more such cases.

There are umpteen number of film remakes on the same story, but with different Titles and casts. Some examples I remember at this moment are.

Aurat-40 and Mother India-57 ( Kanhaiyalal acted in both versions).
Mala-41 and Amar-54 (Jayant acted in both. Naushad gave music to both)
Grihasthi-48 and Ghar basake dekho-63
Malkin-53 and Biradari-66
Geeta-40 ( Chandramohan did double role of Father and son) and Ustad-57 (Ashok kumar did the double role) and Karmyogi-78(Rajkumar did double role)
Sangram-50 and Shakti-82
Kismet-43 and Bandhe Haath-73
School Master-59 and Zindagi-76 and Baadbaan-2003

There are many such remakes and the list would be too long. This only proves that a popular theme/story is worth in remaking a film.

Why does this happen. Are there shortage of stories ?

In 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories’, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having more than 700 pages-728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are

1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy .

After this book was published, there was a chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above points.

Coming back to today’s song, it is a lovely song by Amirbai. There were 3 MDs-Bulo C Rani, Hansraj Bahl and Avinash Vyas. For 14 songs, 5 singers were used. Sadly, some of the songs ( including today’s song) are not credited to any of the 3 Music Directors. Also we do not know the lyricist’s full name .

After listening to the song, I find it has lot of similarity to Nurjehan’s song from film ‘Dost’-44- Badnam muhabbat kaun karen, aur ishq ko ruswa kaun kare. Just like Sajjad Hussain used a pause after the word ‘badnaam’, in Nurjehan’s song to get a special effect, in today’s song also there is a pause after the word Ármaan’. However, the same magical effect is not achieved. Afterall original is original !


Song-Tumse muhabbat kaun kare armaan pareshaan kaun kare(Gunsundari)(1948) Singer- Amirbai Karnataki, Lyricist- Sharma

Lyrics

Tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare ae
Tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare
ummeed se hansti duniya ko
ummeed se hansti duniya ko
pal bhar mein biyaanbaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare

jab jaan ki dushman ulfat hai
jab jaan ki dushman ulfat hai
aur pyaar hai dushman raahat ka
aur pyaar hai dushman raahat ka
aap hi apne haathon se
aap hi apne haathon se
phir maut ka saamaa kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare

kyun tumse aankhen chaar kare
kyun tumse aankhen chaar kare
kyun ulfat ka iqraar kare
kyun ulfat ka iqraar kare
chitchor ko dil ki nagri ka
chitchor ko dil ki nagri ka
betaur(??) nigehbaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshan kaun kare

har waqt labon par aahen hon
har waqt labon par aahen hon
aur haath kaleje par hi rahe
aur haath kaleje par hi rahe
din raat lahu ke ashq baha kar
aankhon ko veeraan kaun kare
din raat lahu ke ashq baha kar
aankhon ko veeraan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare ae
tumse muhabbat kaun kare
armaan pareshaan kaun kare

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3780 Post No. : 14760 Movie Count :

4036

Do you like Magic ?

I do.

Most people like magic. Right from our childhood, we have been reading stories of Magic. Good Magicians. Bad Magicians. Most fairy tales are full of magic. Magic is the escape route for the aggrieved and stressed mind. Even when we grew up,how we wished that we could do some magic and achieve what we wanted or solve the distressing problem !

Not only Children’s books, but even Mythological stories are full of Magic. No God is a God if he does not do Magic ! Every adult has a child hidden in him. Magic satiates the child’s desires. Days of real Magic were imaginary, but stage Magicians created sleight of hand shows, Hypnotism, Illusions and clever tricks on the stage to make a smart substitute for real magic.

At the same time, film makers took up interesting magical stories like Alladin to make films for their audience. Alladin, Gul e Bakavli and stories of their ilk entertained not only the children, but also adults, who lapped them up. From the Film Title Index of Hamraz ji, I counted about 36 films with the word Jadu in its titles, Magic in 10, Ram in 25, Krishna in 23, Shree in 36. Add to this, films made with other alphabets on the various saints, Gods, Satis, Matas and Bhagwan etc etc. During the 10 years period from 1950 to 1959 alone, 124 Mythological films were made !

This only shows that films having Magic were a popular brand and so ‘C’ grade films like Jadui Angoothi, Jadui Shehnai, Jadui Chitra, Jadui this and Jadui that etc were made.

One of these magic films was Jadui Bansari-48, made by Mohan Pictures-known for quickies and C grade stunt/action and fantasy films. It was directed by Nanubhai Vakil and the music was by Damodar Sharma. Lyricist was Roopbani and the cast was Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Ansari, Master Bachha, Anwari and others.

Talking of C grade Action,Historical, Fantasy and Costume films, in India ( and probably elsewhere in the world), there was a class of people, who not only liked these types of films but also were addicted to them. People went to theatre to forget the daily troubles of living a life and to enjoy few moments. For this purpose some people liked music, some liked emotions, some tragedy and yet some comedy. Films were made to cater to every type of audience. Due to this “speciality” actors were identified and thus we had Comedians, Tragedy Kings and queens,Great actors,Great singers and also Great Fighters.

Normally the shift of any actor from one Genre to the other was not acceptable to the audience. That is why, when the Romantic Hero of the late 30s and the 40s-Ashok Kumar acted as King Humayun and ran ( in a feminine style) with a spear in hand, in the film Humayun-1945, the audience ridiculed and laughed at him in the Theatres ! Even when Master Bhagwan acted in a serious role, the public used to laugh treating it as a comedy. Trilok Kapoor never succeeded in a social film. Of course there were some exceptional cases like actress Meena Kumari who changed over from Mythological films to social films and became No 1 star ultimately. But this was a rare and exceptional case.

Not only actors, even Directors and Producers were known for the specialities of films they made. Those who excelled in C grade films rarely tried their hand at other Genres and when they did try, they failed miserably. Here again is an exception in the form of Master Bhagwan-who transitioned from Action film to social films with his “Albela”-1951 and succeeded with this film but all his subsequent films flopped. This was because “Albela” succeeded due to extraordinary music, which could never be replicated in any of his subsequent films that followed.

There was, however one Director who was comfortable with C grade films of Magic, Action, Costume, Fantasy etc. NANUBHAI VAKIL.

Nanubhai Vakil was born in a Desai family of Valsad in Gujarat in the year 1904. In his family there were many Advocates including his father, so their family name itself became Vakil. Nanubhai came to Bombay to study Law. He completed his B.A. LL.B from Wilson College, Bombay but he did not join his family profession. Instead he was attracted towards the film world.

He joined Sharada films as a screenplay writer and later joined Ranjit films as a Director. He directed 18 silent films for Ranjit studios. However, it was Sagar Movietone which gave him the first opportunity to direct his first Talkie film. It was the First Gujarati Talkie film, “Narsimh Mehto” in 1932. After this there was no looking back. He selected and became expert in directing only Fantasy,Stunt and Costume films.
In his career from 1929 to 1973 period,he directed 20 silent and 70 Talkie films -all stunt and fantasy films, except one social film Kya yeh Bambai hai in 1959.

He was associated with Mohan pictures for a long time and directed 18 films for this company. During this period he also married his Heroine Sarojini ( real name Roshan Jehan alias Ranee). They had one daughter-AZRA, who too became an actress. Sarojini was the sister of Indurani, who was married to Ramnik Shah, owner of Mohan Pictures. Thus Ramnik and Nanubhai were ‘Sadu’s ( Co-Brothers).

Unlike most of his colleagues ,who had no formal school education ,Mr Vakil was highly educated, being B.A.L.L.B. in those days. Since beginning,he was attracted to Fantasy & Arabian Night movies.He believed that,the audience visits the cinema hall,to experience some thing,which he has not seen in his real life.He wants to be entertained & to forget the harsh realities of the outer world.Fantasy/ Costume movies transports him to an imaginary world of King & Queens,where beside the crafty Vazir,he finds gorgeous girls dancing,the handsome,manly & brave hero,rescues the pretty damsel from the clutches of evil magician.The movie come to an end and the viewers come out from the theater,happy & satisfied,since evil doers have been eliminated & brave man living happily with the petite gal,in their fairy land. Bulbul E Bagh,Rashk E Laila,Fakhr E Islam,Gulshan E Alam,Kumud Kumari were his earlier movies.

In 50s & 60s, few of his movies were, Shan E Hatim,Khul Ja Sim Sim,ShanE Khuda, Idd Ka Chand,Noor Mahal,Flying Rani,Alam Ara Ki Beti,Bansri Bala, Hatim Tai Ka Beta etc..He made remakes of many movie like Lal E Yaman, Alam Ara (Twice, in 1956 & !973) & Hatim Tai Ki Beti in 1940 & 1955. During his five decades long career, he made movies with in a small budget, with less paid actors. Nanu Bhai Vakil had two productions Companies viz Desai Films & Vakil Production. All his movies had no connect with the present. Elite & pseudo intellectuals avoided to even discuss his movies, but Vakil Sahab had a dedicated audience consisting of common public,less privileged & so called front benchers,who enjoyed his brand of cinema.

His films included less known stars like Sarojini, Navin chandra, Rafiq, Prakash,Gulnar,Daljit, Chitra etc. He also worked with Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant,Jaddanbai,Shanta Hublikar, Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Shakila,Nirupa Roy, Nadira,Mehmood,Shobhana Samarth, Nirmala,her husband Arun Ahuja etc His MDs were also little known. However,Music Director A.R.Qureshi ( the famous Tabla Nawaz Alla Rakha-father of Zakir Hussain) gave music to his 18 films.

He never mixed with film folks and spent his life aloof. He quietly died on 29-12-1980 at Bombay.

Actress Anwari, who acted in film Jadui Bansari-48, was from a Tawayaf family of Lucknow. She started her acting career with film Heer Ranjha-32 and then she acted in film Pooran Bhagat-1932, along with K L Saigal. She joined East India Film co. and worked in films likeAurat ka pyar-33,Night Bird-34, Nagin-34 and Mumtaz Begum-34. She had also acted in another NT film Chandidas-34. She shifted her base to Bombay and worked in several films for next four decades. Her last film was Chaitali-1975. In all she did 140 films. She was known as ‘ Pride of Lucknow’ during her peak period. She was credited variously as Anwari Begum, Anwari, and Anwari bai. She expired somewhere in early 80s.

Among the old era MDs, Damodar Sharma was different, in the sense that his songs were always unlike those of his contemporaries. When you hear today’s song, you will notice that difference. From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to just 41 films. All his films were C grade films made by Paramount, Liberty, Ramnik Productions, Mohan Pictures and others. After 1948, he stopped getting films, so he worked as assistant to MD A.R.Qureshi till 1964. Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and A.R.Oza.

Amritlal R. Oza was a Nagar Bramhin from Gujarat. He joined Ranjit when Khemchand Prakash, Gyan Dutt and Bulo C Rani were paid musicians there. His first song came in Pujari-46. He was very friendly with Bulo C Rai and Hansraj behl. He sang maximum songs for them only. At the same time he sang in Gujarati films and he became very famous and popular there.

Some Hindi films in which he sang are, Lakhon mein ek-47, Nanad Bhojai-48, Bichhade Balam-49( he sang with Meenakumari also), Bhool Bhulaiyan-49, Nili-50 etc. He sang 39 songs in 23 Hindi films,but sang much and many more in Gujarati. After retirement he settled in Ahmedabad, where he died on 13-5-1985.

Let us now enjoy this fast paced lovely duet from Film Jadui Bansari-48, which makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo (Jaadui Bansari)(1948) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, A R Oza, Lyrics- Roopvani, MD- Damodar Sharma
Male chorus
All together

Lyrics

Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

pyaar se jab dil milte hain
pyaar se jab dil milte hain

man ke kamal tab khilte hain
man ke kamal tab khilte hain
jeet karo ya haar karo
jeet karo ya haar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
apna kaho to apna jaano
preet ki reet ko tum pehchaano
sabse naina chaar karo
sabse naina chaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo

hamne dekho
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyapaar kiya hai
hamne dekho pyaar kiya hai
jooton(?) ka vyopaar kiya hai

tum bhi ye vyapaar karo
tum bhi ye vyapaar karo

duniya waalon pyaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo
duniya waalon pyaar karo
Ghar ghar yahi prachaar karo o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3748 Post No. : 14711 Movie Count :

4019

Today’s song is from film Sati Toral-47. This film was made by Laxmi Productions, Bombay and was directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal. The music was provided by a team of Hari Prasanna Das and Manna Dey. The song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and Manna Dey. The lyrics were by Miss Kamal, B.A. This was a pseudonym of Kavi Pradeep. At that time, he was under contract with Bombay Talkies and could not use his real name . Under this Pen name, he wrote lyrics for four films, namely Kadambari-44, Amrapali-45, Sati Toral-47 and Veerangana-47. Incidentally, all these films were directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal.

Nandlal was born on 15-3-1907 at Bardoli in Surat. His father was Administrative Officer in Kohinoor films. He started his career by joining it in 1924. He assisted Chandulal Shah(1926-29) and also directed silent and Talkie films for Ranjit from 1929 to 1933. Nandlal left the job and went to Europe on tour. On his return he joined Imperial company(34-36) and directed some remakes of silent films of Sulochana into Talkie films. For one year-1937- he went to Madras and ran a Laboratory also.

His first Talkie film as a Director was Pardesi Preetam-33 and last was Akeli mat jaiyo-63. Both were Ranjit films. Due to his death in 1961, Akeli mat Jaiyo was delayed and completed by Chandulal Shah himself. Nandlal directed, in all, 24 films-5 Silent and 19 Talkie films. Some of his well known films were Indira M.A.-34, Bambai ki billi-36, Sati Toral-47, Sanam-51, Anarkali-53 and Nagin-56. (adapted from indiancine.ma)

Music Director Hari Prasanna Das or H.P.Das was born in Chitgaon, East Bengal, in 1905. He was a Bengali. He was assistant to Pankaj Malik in films Dushman and Kapal Kundala-1939. He gave music to Bangla film ‘ Nimai Sanyasi’-40, in which he gave singing opportunity to 20 year old young Hemant Kumar. His first Hindi film as a MD was New India Films’ Blood Feud (or Josh-E-Inteqam)- 1935. His other films were Mohabbat-43, Meena-44, Kadambari-44, Mazdoor-45, Begum-45, Insaaf-46, Veerangana-47, Sati Toral-47 and Hum bhi insaan hai-48. He died on 26-9-1989.

The cast of the film was Shobhana Samarth, Prem Adeeb, Sankata Prasad, Jeevan, Badri prashad, Rehana and others. Sankata Prasad was the elder brother of more famous character actor Kanhaiyalal, who entered film line first as a Lyricist only. Born in Banares in 1903, Sankata came to Bombay and joined Sagar Film company in 1929. From the beginning, he was a fixture in almost every silent and Talkie film of Sagar Film company, Sagar Movietone, National Studios and lastly Amar pictures. After the last connection, he became a free lancer. To be noted is a fact that Sankata Prasad is the only actor who worked in all 3 First Talkie films of Sagar Movietone, namely Veer Abhimanyu, Romantic Prince and Abul Hasan. His last film was Do Mastane-58. He acted in 65 films,in all.

Film Sati Toral -47 was based on a Folk Tale of Gujarat. Folk Tales are stories passed through generations by telling. They are built around Fairy Tales, Tall tales, Trick tales, Myths and Legends. The base of Folk tales is a true historical event , person or a story. Folk tales of loving couples have been very popular and have been subjects on which films in almost every language are made. Stories of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban,Sassi Punnu, Sohni Mahiwal, Momal Rano, Dhola Maru,Prithviraj Sanyogita, Bajirao mastani, Laila Majnu, Salim Anarkali, Shahjehan Mumtaz Mahal etc. are famous folk tales of lovers and films are made on them.

Similarly, Mythology and religious books provide plenty of scope for Folk tales. Several films are made in several languages on the folk tales of Satis in Hindu religion. Actually, 44 Talkie films are made, whose Titles contain the word ‘Sati’. The more popular Folk tales are on Sati Anusuya, Parvati, Ahilya, Anjani, Madalasa, Narmada, Mahananda, Pingala, Renuka, Savitri, Seeta, Sulochana, Toral, Vaishalini, Vijaya and Vimala to quote a few. Maximum 7 films are made on Sati Anusuya. As if only Sati is not enough, there are films like Mahasati Anusuya, Behula,Madalasa,Maina Sundari, Savitri, Tulsi and Tulsi Vrinda. You really must appreciate the creativity of Hindi film makers.

Like lovers and Religious persons, there are folk tales of Historical persons too, Like Rana Pratap ( and his Horse Chetak), Akbar, Shivaji, Amar singh Rathod, Razia Sultan, Chandbibi, Jhansi ki Rani, Birbal and Tenali Raman. Films have been made on most of these too.

Coming back to Film Sati Toral-47, I have not seen this film in Hindi or Gujarati, So, I was looking for the story of Toral. I found one on Wiki. There is a slightly different ( in details) story written by Amrit Ganger ji, the famous author in English and Gujarati on cinema and history. He has won the Gujarat Sahitya Academy Award too. This story is available on tellmeyourstory.in, for those who are interested.( I am happy to note here that I know Mr. Gangar and he has gifted me his latest book ” Walter Kaufmann in India 1934 – 1946″ ). So, here is the Sati Toral story from Wikipedia…

” Jesal, a young Kutchi Rajput, was a dreaded dacoit.
His brother’s wife once chided him that if he was truly brave, he should prove it by stealing Toral, an extraordinary mare belonging to a Saurashtra king. In the process of stealing Toral, Jesal’s hand got caught in a nail and his agonised cries brought the king running outside.

Asked what he wanted, Jesal said “Toral”, not knowing that the queen too had the same name. The king, a devout daani (donor) who had sworn never to disappoint anyone, gave him three Torals – his queen, the mare and a sword by that name. But on the boat journey back home, Jesal realised that Toral was not an ordinary woman.

He was tormented by guilt at having taken away someone who, out of loyalty, did not even question her husband’s decision. It is said that the enlightened company of Queen Toral, remembered in Gujarati literature as a devotional poet who composed and sang songs, transformed Jesal completely and the two began spreading the message of God.

Their inseparable companionship as teacher and disciple is talked about, but in cautious tones. No one, not even the local scholars, wants to discuss the Jesal-Toral alliance as a man-woman relationship. “Even the Gujarati film Jesal-Toral did not suggest any such angle,” recalls photographer Vinay Thacker, who started his career in 1976 by selling photos of the twin samadhis outside the shrine.

However, people do accept their unusual affinity, which even death couldn’t change. It is said that when Jesal undertook samadhi, he called out to Toral from his grave to join him. Toral, who was travelling, heard his voice, came back to Anjar and immediately took samadhi.
Toral, the mare, too was buried outside the temple. A green and magenta chaddar now covers the equestrian grave. The destroyed roof of the shrine has been temporarily replaced with an asbestos sheet. ”

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and Manna Dey, with Chorus. HFGK does not indicate names of singers for this song, but the voices are unmistakable. This song is in Amirbai’s song list. Prof. Yadav, in his book ” फिल्म संगीतकार – सुवर्णयुगवाले” also mentions these two names for this song. This is quite a good song. “Sati Toral”(1947) makes its debut in the blog with this song.


Song-Chaar dinon ka hai ye mela re bhai(Sati Toral)(1947) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-H P Das
Chorus

Lyrics

Chaar dinon ka hai ye mela re bhai
?? raha hai ??
hari ka sumaran kar le re
tera hoga bhala
mera hoga bhala

apne ?? ko bacha le
hai shaam ki bela
aur din dhala
khud ko kar de prabhu ke hawaale
door karega wo teri bala
apne man ka dhundhla darpan
apne man ka dhundhla darpan
tu hari bhajan se kar ujla
hari ka sumaran
prabhu ka sumaran
kar le re
tera hoga bhala
mera hoga bhala

ab to hari ko sumar le re bhai ee
saari umar toone yoonhi ganwaai ee ee
yoonhi ganwaai
tera prabhu tere bheetar chhupa hai
tera prabhu tere bheetar chhupa hai
tu apne man ka deepak jala aa
hari ka sumaran
prabhu ka sumaran
kar le re
tera hoga bhala
mera hoga bhala

ye duniya hai ek musaafirkhaana
yahaan ki dosti ka kya thhikaana
ye duniya hai ek musaafirkhaana
yahaan ki dosti ka kya thhikaana

aaj yahaan par hai rain basera
aaj yahaan par hai rain basera
kaun jaane kal kahaan ho dera
is zindagi ka kya bharosa
ye jal ki dhaara hai silsilaa(?)
hari ka sumaran
prabhu ka sumaran
kar le re
tera hoga bhala
mera hoga bhala

dil ka rakshak wo parmeshwar hai ae ae ae ae
unko is jag mein kiska darr hai
unko is jag mein kiska darr hai ae ae
kaun hai aisa ishwar ka banda
kaun hai aisa ishwar ka banda
ki jis ka sankat nahin tala aa
hari ka sumaran
prabhu ka sumaran
kar le re
tera hoga bhala
mera hoga bhala


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3693 Post No. : 14608

Today’s song is from a film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ from 1940. It was a film made by Prakash Pictures and was directed by Vijay Bhatt. The lyricist was ‘Anuj’ and the music director was the favourite of Prakash – Shankar Rao Vyas. The film’s cast was Jairaj, Mehtab, Umakant, Amirbai, Prahlad Dutt, Baby Meena (Meena kumari) and also a Dog called Tiger. (I always wonder when people can see that it is a dog, then why the owners name it as Tiger to mislead others ?).

Many people know that actress Mehtab was Sohrab Modi’s wife, having married him against opposition from all, on 28th April 1946. But most people do not know her background. Mehtab was born on 28th April, 1918 in Bombay. Her father Siddee Ebrahim Khan was the Nawab of Sachin (Surat, Gujarat). Her parents named her as Najma. She was the step sister of actresses Zubeida (‘Alam Ara’ fame), Sultana and Shehzadi. She studied up to intermediate. She was fluent in Urdu, Gujrati, English and Marathi. When her father – the Nawab – gave talaaq to her mother, her mother took her to Bombay where her sautan, Fatima, another wife of the Nawab was promoting her 3 daughters to become actresses. Fatima gave her refuge, solace and a promise to promote Najma also as an actress. Her career  started as child artist at the age of 12. She did 3 silent films, namely ‘Second Wife’ (1928), ‘Kamal e Shamsheer’ (1930) and ‘Sheroo Sainik’ (1931) – all  produced by her mother. Her first talkie film as heroine was Indian Arts Production’s ‘Veer Kunal’ (1932) through which she got her screen name Mehtab. Ashraf Khan was the hero of that film. Subsequently, Chandulal Shah signed her for two films viz. ‘Bhola Shikar’ (1933) opposite E Billimoria and ‘Ranchandi’ (1934) opposite Navin Chandra. None of these films did well, so her mother formed a film company of her own. Meanwhile, Mehtab had got married, at the age of 14 years only and had got a son from that marriage, Ismail. However, no film was completed under their company and they faced heavy losses. Moreover, Mehtab’s marriage also didn’t work out and she took divorce and won the custody of her son.

She started doing films in any role, not only heroine’s. After doing 19 films, she got a call from Calcutta. In 1940, she was offered a film named ‘Qaidi’ (1940) made by Film Corporation of India. Though she was not the leading heroine of the film but her acting was praised all over. She did 3 films in Calcutta. After ‘Qaidi’, she did ‘Masoom’ (1941). The banner signed her again as the heroine for their next film ‘Chitralekha’ (1941) in which she created a sensation overnight by doing a bathing scene aesthetically, something shown for the very first time in a Hindi film. Around 1941 to 1943, Mehtab was among the most famous actresses of Hindi films. Her next three films ‘Sharda’ (1942), ‘Chauringhee’ (1942), and ‘Bhakt Kabeer’ (1942) also proved to be hits.

In 1944, Central Studio signed Mehtab for their film ‘Parakh’ (1944). Sohrab Modi was directing the film. At the time of signing the contract, Mehtab told Modi that she had heard that he only took his own close-ups in his films and ignored the others. He told her that he wasn’t acting in that film. Thereafter, Sohrab Modi again took Mehtab as heroine in his film ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945) opposite Wasti under his own banner Minerva Movietone. Slowly, Sohrab Modi fell in love with her and proposed to her. Mehtab agreed only on the condition that she would not leave her son Ismail. Sohrab didn’t find any problem in that and they got married on the birthday of Mehtab, 28 April 1946. Sohrab Modi’s family didn’t approve as they were Parsi and Mehtab was Muslim. Sohrab never interfered in Mehtab’s career or religion. Mehtab had a son from Modi named Mehli who was brought up as Parsi. Modi sent both the sons abroad to study.

Mehtab did few films after marriage like ‘Behram Khan’ (1946), ‘Saathi’ (1946), ‘Shama’ (1946). Her last major film was ‘Jhansi Ki Rani’ (1953). She did a small role in film ‘Samay Bada Balwan’ (1969). Sohrab Modi was the producer, director and the hero of the film. It was Sohrab’s first colour film. She acted in total 40 films.

Sohrab Modi died on 28 January 1984 due to cancer of the bone marrow. Mehtab’s both sons were settled abroad, though she spent her life in Cuff Parade, Mumbai till her death. She died on 8-4-1997. She was buried at the Bada Qabrastan, Marine Lines, Mumbai.

Another name one can see in the cast is that of Prahlad Dutt. He was actually a foreign trained photographer and cameraman, and an expert in trick photography. He was working in Lahore in the early 1940s. Pancholi’s film ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945) was getting ready and Prahlad Dutt was its director and trick scenes master. His work was applauded by everyone. The scene where Farhad digs out a canal from a big mountain single-handed, was done by Prahlad with astounding results. After the partition, he ran away from Lahore to Bombay. He soon got work here as his name was well known and famous.

He was working in Ranjit directing a film ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948). It was in early 1948. Gandhiji was assassinated on 30th January. 4-5 days after that, Ranjit studio workers were shocked to find a police jeep entering the studio, in speed. Out jumped an inspector and asked, “Where is Prahlad Dutt?”. Ranjit Manager asked “Why?” the answer was “We have his arrest warrant in connection with Gandhi killing”. While the manager offered to call him here from another floor where he was shooting, the police ran towards that place. As soon as Prahlad saw the police, he started running, with police chasing him and shouting at him to stop. He tried to climb the wall and disappear, but the inspector warned him first and then shot him with his pistol in his thigh. He fell down. He was arrested and taken away.

He was charged with various crimes and a case was put on him. However, he was released unblemished after 4 months. Ranjit management helped him quite a lot in those days. Prahlad Dutt acted in only one film – ‘Ek Hi Bhool’. He directed 5 films in all – ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945), ‘Piya Ghar Aa Jaa’ (1947), ‘Mitti Ke Khilaune’ (1948), ‘Nazaare’ (1949) and ‘Madhubala’ (1950).

One more name in the cast is that of Umakant (full name Umakant Desai).  I am sure most people would not know anything about him.

People remember Dilip kumar for his double role in ‘Ram Aur Shyam’ (1967) and triple role in ‘Bairaag’ (1976). People also remember Sanjeev Kumar for his 9 roles in ‘Naya Din Nayi Raat’ (1974) or Kamal Hassan for his 10 roles in ‘Dashavtaar’ (2008), but hardly anyone knows that Umakant Desai was the FIRST actor to do 3 roles in film ‘Hukum Ka Ikka’ (1939) (as the rajkumar, as a madari and as a common man).

Umakant Desai was born in Sankheda, near Vadodara (Baroda), Gujarat on 13-6-1908. After matriculation, he came to Bombay and did a job in BB&CI Railways (Bombay,Baroda and Central India Railway), a private railway company of pre Independence period. He used to do roles in local dramas. One day director Chimanlal Desai saw him in a drama called ‘Jaya Aur Jayant’. He was so impressed with him, that he took him to act in Gujarat’s First Talkie ‘Narsi Mehta’ (1932). In this film Umakant did the role of Krishna.

So, the son of a landlord Himmatbhai Jagubhai Desai became a film actor. He joined Prakash Pictures on a salary of Rs 150/- pm, but when he left Prakash, he was drawing Rs 3,000/- pm. In 1934, he worked in Gujarati film ‘Sansaar Leela’. He sang 2 duets with Rajkumari in this film. The film was a hit and was remade in Hindi as ‘Nai Duniya’. He worked in ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942). His best remembered role was as Laxman in film ‘Ram Rajya’ (1943), which created several records, including that it was the first and the only film Mahatma Gandhi ever saw in his lifetime !

Umakant worked in 59 Hindi films and 15 Gujarati films. ‘Anmol Moti’ (1948) was his last film as a hero. Then he shifted to doing character roles. He had worked with Durga Khote, Shobhana Samarth, Pramila, Ratnamala, Ranjana, Sitara, Snehprabha Pradhan, Meena Kumari, Amita, Vijayanti Mala, Nalini Jaywant, Kamini Kaushal etc. For fluency in Hindi and Urdu, he had appointed a teacher also.

He worked in 26 films of Prakash, in which 8 films were directed by Vijay Bhatt. He mostly worked in mythological and social films. Some of his films were ‘Miss Mala’, ‘Chhote Babu’, ‘Station Master’, ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Poornima’, ‘Anmol Moti’, ‘Kavita’, ‘Hamara Ghar’ etc . He did Laxman’s role in 7 films.

Umakant’s son and daughter-in-law died a tragic death in a snow blizzard in USA in 1975. His wife Kaumudiben died in 2006 and Umakant died on 25-1-2007.

He was awarded Dadasaheb Phalke Academy Award in 2004.

While going through the title index by Harmandir ji for films from 1931 to 2012, I found that the word ‘EK’ is the most used word in Hindi film Titles. As many as 206 films are made, beginning with the word ‘EK’. Amongst these, there are 32 film titles starting with ‘Ek Aur ….’. Films with title ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ were made 3 times – 1940, 1981 and 2005.

Today’s song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and NM Adhikari. I have not been able to get any information about this male singer. It seems this was the only film in which he sang. He sang 1 solo and 1 duet. With this song, the film ‘Ek Hi Bhool’ of 1940 and the singer NM Adhikari make their debut on our blog.

(Credits- Sapnon Ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Harish Raghuwanshi, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes.)


Song – Main Phoolon Ki Sugandh Bankar Upvan Saara Mehkaaoon (Ek Hi Bhool) (1940) Singer – Amirbai Karnataki, NM Adhikari, Lyrics – Sampatlal Shrivastav ‘Anuj’, Music – Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

main phoolon ki
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
sugandh ban kar
upvan saara mehkaaun
main phoolon ki
main bhaunra
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun
main bhaunra ban kar
chupke se phoolon ka ras le jaaun

main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main madmaati koel ban kar
birha ka geet sunaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun
main premi ke aansu ban kar
birha ki aag bhujaaun

aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
aao hil mil
armaanon ki duniya nai basaayen
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
is neeras jeevan
mein phir se
hai nai umangen laayen
hai nai umangen laayen

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

मैं फूलों की
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
सुगंध बन कर
उपवन सारा महकाऊँ
मैं फूलों की
मैं भौंरा
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ
मैं भौंरा बन कर
चुपके से फूलों का रस ले जाऊँ

मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं मदमाती कोयल बनकर
बिरहा का गीत सुनाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ
मैं प्रेमी के आँसू बन कर
बिरहा की आग बुझाऊँ

आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
आओ हिलमिल
अरमानों की दुनिया नई बसाएँ
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
इस नीरस जीवन
में फिर से
है नई उमंगें लाएँ
है नई उमंगें लाएँ


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3682 Post No. : 14579

“Caravan”(1944) was directed by Aspi for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. This movie had it had Arun, Kamla Chatterji, Rani, Premlata, Keshari etc in it.

“Caravan”(1944) had fifteen songs in it. Six songs from the movie have been discussed in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Caravan”(1944) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. Swami Ramanand is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bulo C Rani.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

with this song, the blog now has 200 songs from movies released in 1944. The blog now has 200 or more songs for every year between 1943 till 1975.


Song-Bijli giraane waale bijli tu phir gira de (Caravan)(1944) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Swami Ramanand, MD-Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

Bijli giraane
waale
bijli tu phir gira de
dil jal gaya hai
mera
ab jaan bhi
jala de

Bijli giraane waale
bijli giraane waale
bijli tu phir gira de
bijli tu phir gira de
dil jal gaya hai mera
ab jaan bhi jala de
dil jal gaya hai mera
ab jaan bhi jala de

jalne ki aarzoo mein
armaan jal rahe hain aen
jalne ki aarzoo mein
armaan jal rahe hain
inko jala ke inke
inko jala ke inke
dil ki lagi bujha de
dil ki lagi bujha de
dil jal gaya hai mera
ab jaan bhi jala de
dil jal gaya hai mera
ab jaan bhi jala de

maani hai maine teri
meri bhi maan le tu u
maani hai maine teri
meri bhi maan le tu
uthhi main tere dar se
duniya se tu uthhaa le ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3664 Post No. : 14534

“Police” (1944) was directed by Shanti Kumar for Prakash Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Prem Adib, Ratnamala, Jeewan, Ranjana, Shahnawaz, Amirbai Karnataki, Badri Prasad, Baby Tara, Shakir, Athavale, Laxman, Alaknanda, Kesri etc in it.

The movie had thirteen songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Police”(1944) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. Ramesh Gupta is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pannalal Ghosh.

Amirbai Karnataki acted in the movie, so under normal circumstances, one can conclude that the song was picturised on herself. I notice that Amirbai Karnataki and Parul Ghosh sang lots of songs in the movie, so Amirbai Karnataki may or may not have sung all her songs for herself, unless she played a lead role in the movie. I request our knowldgeable readers ro throw light on the matter. I have assumed that the song was picturised on herself.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. i request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Baaj rahi kis oar muraliya (Police)(1944) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Ramesh Gupta, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

Baaj rahi kis oar muraliya
baaj rahi kis oar
baaj rahi kis oar muraliya
baaj rahi kis oar
jeewan naiyya dagmag doli
jeewan naiyya dagmag doli
uthhi ghata ghangho or or
jeewan naiyya dagmag doli
uthhi ghata ghanghor
chali pawan lahraati gaati
chali pawan lahraati gaati
naach uthha man mor
muraliya baaj rahi kis oar
baaj rahi kis oar muraliya
baaj rahi kis oar

sun murli singhaasan dola
sun murli singhaasan dola
goonj uthhi chahun oar
sun murli singhaasan dola
goonj uthhi chahun oar
sansaari ka jeewan dola
sansaari ka jeewan dola
bhai suhaani bhor
muraliya baaj rahi kis oar
baaj rahi kis oar muraliya
baaj rahi kis oar

dharti(?) naacho
meera naache
suni ghani chitchor
dharti(?) naacho
meera naachi
suni ghani chitchor
surdas kshe ?? naache
surdas ?kahe ? naache
lagi prem ki dor
lagi prem ki dor
muraliya baaj rahi kis oar
baaj rahi kis oar muraliya
baaj rahi kis oar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3657 Post No. : 14518

Today’s song is from an obscure film Kul kalank-45.

If one critically looks at the artistes’ mix in Hindi films from Talkie era beginning upto 1947, one would find that, if not a majority, a sizable number was of Muslim community. The 15 % section of Indian population was prominently present in the film world. Actors, actresses, directors, singers, Lyricists and Music directors… you name a department and they were there. In a way this community enriched the film and music by bringing Ghazals, Thumris etc into the Music and dance items like Mujra and qawalis became famous and popular part of the Hindi films.

After 1947, many Muslim artistes from almost all departments of film making migrated to Pakistan, making way for artistes who were waiting in the wings-so to say- to fill the void, in Indian film world. many Muslim artistes chose to stay in India. While many divided their families into both countries ( Rafi, Kardar, Mehboob etc), there were many who shifted Lock, stock and barrel to Pakistan.

Legends like Dilip, Meena Kumari, Mehboob, Naushad and Rafi etc stayed back and enriched the Indian film industry, beyond words. One of the major specialities of this industry was ( and is ) its Secular nature. While a team of Muslim Singer (Rafi), Muslim Lyricist (Shakeel) and a Muslim Composer (Naushad) gave us an evergreen Bhajan like “Man tadpat Hari darshan ko aaj (Baiju Baawra) “, a team of Hindu composer (CR), Hindu Lyricist (Shailendra) and a Hindu Singer ( Lata ) gave us a Devotional Naat “Duaa kar gham e dil, Khuda se duaa kar(Anarkali) “.

BOMBAY- the Mayanagari of films, attracted many aspirants from all over the country. One can understand, if those who wanted to make a successful career and become famous, flocked to Bombay, but sometimes even the famous ones with a bright career already in place, also were tempted to join this industry. Some names which come readily to mind are- Pt. Ravi Shankar, the International Sitar Maestro and a Bharat Ratna-1999. He became a Music Director and gave music to 5 films….Neechanagar and Dharti ke Lal-1946, Anuradha-60, Godaan-63 and Meera-79. The famous Sarod player Ali Akbar Khan gave music to 7 films. And then, the famous Tabla player All Rakha Khan Qureshi also had a stint in Hindi films. Today’s film Kul Kalank-45 had his music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, born as Allah Rakha Qureshi, was born in Jammu and Kashmir on 29-4-1919. He was an Indian tabla player, who popularised the art of tabla playing all over the world. Allah Rakha was born to a soldier, who later returned from the army and worked as a farmer after that to earn his bread and butter. Being the eldest of seven sons, his father did not expect him to learn music and opposed his idea of learning classical music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, as a young boy of 12 years, found the instrument fascinating while visiting his uncle in Gurdaspur. His inclination towards Indian classical music and the Performing Arts made him run away to Lahore for further learning, as he found little scope of learning the art-form in his home-town. Allah Rakha studied at the Punjab school of classical music (gharana) where he became a student of Ustad Mian Khadarbaksh Pakhawaji (Mian Quader Bakshi). He was trained to be a singer under Ustad Ashiq .

Allah Rakha was also associated to theater as he lived in Pathankot for sometime and worked for a theater company. In 1930, Allah Rakha worked at a radio station in Lahore. According to reports, he moved to Delhi after six years, in 1936, to work with All India Radio. In 1940, he moved to Bombay and worked with Pandit Ravi Shankar and again on All India Radio. He was the station’s first ever tabla solo player then. After which he even composed music for 40 Hindi films from 1943 to 1958. His first film as a MD was Mahasati Anusuya-43 and the last released film was Idd ka chaand-64. He even sang 14 songs in 7 films between 1942 to 1949

Ustad Allah Rakha had married twice. He was first married to Bavi Begum and had three sons, Zakir Hussain, Fazal Qureshi and Taufiq Qureshi and two daughters Khurshid Aulia née Qureshi and Razia. Razia served him in his later years and was like a constant companion to her father. She died after a routine cataract surgery and Allah Rakha could not cope with the shock of her death and immediately slipped into a coma and passed away within 24 hours on 3-2-2000.

Zakir Hussain is one of the most renowned tabla players of India.

Allah Rakha’s son Zakir Hussain grew up to be another legend in the country. Zakir Hussain has also been honoured with the Padma Shri in 1988 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002, by the Government of India. The honour that was bestowed upon his father by the Sangeet Natak Akademi came to him as well in 1990. Hussain has been working in films and on albums in India as well as abroad. Hussain owes his career to his father, who had made sure that he remained focused on the art-form.

Ustad Allah Rakha had established the Alla Rakha Institute of Music in Bombay in 1986 and imparted his knowledge of the instrument to all his disciples in the institute. Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. He was honoured with the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India in 1977 for his contributions to elevate the reach of tabla playing as an art form across the globe. Later on, Sangeet Natak Akademi also honoured him.

Ustad Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. Their partnership reached legendary heights with performances at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The two performed together in a lot many festivals and elevated the respect and popularity of tabla playing as an art form. Other than Pandit Ravi Shankar, he also worked with renowned Kathak dancers like Sitara Devi and Birju Maharaj.

Ustad Allah Rakha found fans not only in India but abroad as well. Reportedly, American percussionist, the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart, was his huge fan. Hart always tried to learn from him even from single visits that Ustad used to make to his country. Hart was also quoted saying, “Alla Rakha is the Einstein, the Picasso; he is the highest form of rhythmic development on this planet.”

Other than the Grateful Dead drummer, Mickey Hart, Ustad Allah Rakha inspired George Harrison from The Beatles as well. Both of them performed together for a Concert for Bangladesh in 1971. Mickey Hart also collaborated with him for Rolling Thunder in 1972. The picture we have here is of Hell’s Angels member Terry The Tramp with tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha as they were set to perform together at the Monterey International Pop Festival, June 17th, 1967. He had collaborated with many prominent rock groups.

While Ustad used to generally team up with Pandit Ravi Shankar for his performances, he once collaborated with jazz drummer Buddy Rich for an album, Rich à la Rakha in 1968. Some of his greatest works have been in the form of albums Improvisations, West Meets East, Album 3 (with Ravi Shankar, Yehudi Menuhin, Jean Pierre Rampel, Martine Gelliot), Angel (1976), Master Drummers with Zakir Hussain (1991), Tabla Duet, Chhanda Dhara (1994), Ultimate in Taal-vidya, Magnasound/OMI (1996),

The cast of film Kul Kalank-45 was Shanta Hublikar, Masood, Shehzadi, Maajid, Amirbai karnataki, Dulari, Protima Devi, W M Khan, Saroj Borkar etc etc. In this list we find names of Masood, Shehzadi and Majid, who are not well known to most people.

Masood Mohammed Ansari was born on 16-2-1921 at Lahore in a respectable family. After passing the Matriculation, he joined films with screen name Shyam, but as there were already 2 actors with that name, he retained his own name shortened to just Masood. He joined Bombay Talkies on a monthly salary, but even in one year, he did not get any role in a film, so he resigned.

He did small roles in Sitara and Gunehgar -39, but was noticed in Bahurani-40. Due to his good looks and personality, he got roles with leading ladies like Sitara, Swarnalata, Nurjehan, Mumtaz Shanti, Khurshid Jr. and Shamim. He acted in society-42,Aabroo-43,Naadan-43, Raahgir-43, Ishara-43, Nagad Narayan-43, Kul kalank-45, pujari-46, Nek parveen-46 and Bhanwar-47. he got married just before partition and migrated to Pakistan, with his family.

The other name we find is of Shehzadi. Now, there was another actress Shehzadi, who was the daughter of actress director and producer Fatima Begum and sister of Zubeida (Alam Ara) and Sultana. She had done films from 1926 to 1939 only. Zubeida and Sultana were married in 1936. She also got married and left films. Actress Shehzadi of film Kul Kalank-45 was different. She was born in Bombay and knew Urdu, Hindi, English, Gujarati and Marathi languages. She joined Bombay Talkies and her Debut film was Jhoola-41. In this film she did a dance and song item with Mumtaj Ali (father of Mehmood). The song was ” Main to Delhi se dulhan laaya re “. This became a hit song. She had learned Dancing before joining films. This came handy in films. She acted in 26 films from 1941 to 1947. In film ‘ Hanso hanso,aye duniyawalon’-42, she was Gope’s Heroine. In 1947, she started her own company Ratnakar productions and made a film ” Utho Jaago’ with Hero Ashiq Hussain. After Partition, she married the Hero and migrated to Pakistan.

The third name is Majid. His name was Abdul majid Syed. he was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata.

In film Kul kalank-45, there were 11 songs. Today’s song is a duet by Ameerbai karnataki and Rafi. Mind you, in 1945, Mohd. Rafi was still a new singer. Having started only in 1944, this song was just the 7th song in his career. from his style and voice itself, one can make out that this singer was a new one. That way, this is a rare song of Rafi and a song which is not easily available.

Film Kul Kalank was re-released as ” Jeewan Chhaya ” in 1946 again. Kul Kalank-45 makes a Debut on the Blog. Listen to Rafi’s rare song.
( Credits- A.I.Directory, pakfilms.com,, CITWF.com, Times of India back issue, HFGK, MuVyz, Flash back-Isak Mujawar, Asli Nakli Chehere-V.Pandya and my notes )


Song-Topiwaale babu ne dil chheena (Kul Kalank)(1945) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Rafi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-Alla Rakkha Qureshi
Both

Lyrics

Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haay dil chheena re mora man chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haaye dil chheena re mora man chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

o o o
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya aa aa
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya aa
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maathhe pe aaya paseena aa aa
maathhe pe aaya paseenaa
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

ho o o
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena aa
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

topi waale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena
dil chheena


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3601 Post No. : 14370

“Didi”(1948) was produced by Mukund Masurekar for Navbharat Pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Ranjana, Ghanshyam, Shobha Rani, Charubala, Pandey, Anand, amrit, Narsi, Cuckkoo etc in it.

This movie had eleven songs in it that were penned by two lyricists and sung by five singers.

Three songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Didi”(1948) to appear in the blog. This melancholic song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki. Indeewar is the lyricist. music is composed by Mukund Masurekar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Mere dil ki duniya se (Didi)(1948) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Mukund Masurekar

Lyrics

mere dil ki duniya se
tum door hote ja rahe ae ae
mere dil ki duniya se
tum door hote ja rahe ae ae
aaj tak wahi hoon main
badle nazar tum aa rahe ae ae
aaj tak wahi hoon main
badle nazar tum aa rahe ae ae

aankhon mein paani hai phir bhi
jalta jaata hai jigar
aag sulga ke seene mein
kyun mujhe tadpa rahe ae ae
mere dil ki duniya se
tum door hote ja rahe ae ae

tum jo roothhe
meri kismat mujhse
roothhi ja rahi
chaandni raaton pe meri
kaale baadal chha rahe ae ae
mere dil ki duniya se
tum door hote ja rahe ae ae

dil diya thha maine dil ko
dekh daulat ko nahin
??
??
bhool maine kaun si ki
kyun mujhe bharma rahe
kyun mujhe bharma rahe


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3598 Post No. : 14360

“Ek Din Ka Sultaan”(1945) was directed by Sohrab Modi for Minerva Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Mehtab, Wasti, Sadiq Ali, Ghulam Mohammad (actor), A Shah, Shantarin, Pratima Devi, Ghori, Ghulam Hussain, Jillani, Ameer Bano etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it that were composed by three music directors.

Two songs from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Ek Din Ka Sultaan”(1945) to appear in the blog. HFGK mentions Amirbai Karnbataki as the singer though I have my doubts. Perhaps it is the audio quality, but the voice sounds different to me. I request our knowledgeable readers ato throw light on the identity of the voice as well as the actors seen in the picturisation.

Wali Sahab is the lyricist. Music is composed by Shanki Kumar.


Song-Unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi (Ek Din Ka Sultaan)(1945) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Shanti Kumar

Lyrics

unse jo aa ha aa
aa ha ha ha ha ha ha haa
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi
ho gayi unse mohabbat ho gayi
ho gayi unse mohabbat ho gayi
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi

jabse har zarre mein wo
jabse har zarre mein wo dikhne lage
jabse har zarre mein wo dikhne lage
humko bhi
haan hamko bhi sijdon ki aadat ho gayi
hamko bhi sijdon ki aadat ho gayi
unse jo saaheb saalamat ho gayi

ban gaya hai aaj kal har saans geet
ban gaya hai aaj kal har saans geet
ab to chup
ab to chup rehna museebat ho gayi
ab to chup rehna museebat ho gayi
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi

aankh lag kar lag saki na raat bhar
aankh lag kar lag saki na raat bhar
aankh lagna ik qayaamat ho gayi
aankh lagna ik qayaamat ho gayi
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi

shamma se kehti hai parwaane ki khaaq
shamma se kehti hai parwaane ki khaaq
aag lag jaane se thhandak ho gayi
aag lag jaane se thhandak ho gayi
unse jo saaheb salaamat ho gayi
unse jo aa ha ha ha
aa ha ha ha ha ha ha


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3558 Post No. : 14269

Today’s song is from the film Baadal-1942. The film was made by Eastern Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by Zahoor Raja. It had music by Mushtaq Hussain.

Zahoor Raja made his debut as a Director with Baadal-42. besides directing the film, Zahoor did the main Hero’s role and also sang 6 of the 11 songs that the film had.

Though the film was not successful at the Box office, Zahoor’s direction attracted the attention of critics. Seven of the 11 songs were written by Lyricist Tanveer Naqvi, and remaining 4 were penned by Shamim Bhairavi.

Tanveer Naqvi was born on 6-2-1919 in Lahore. His real name was Syed Khurshid Ali. After his education, he came to Bombay and met Abdul Rasheed Kardar- who at that time was making the film Swami-1941. Tanveer was given an opportunity and he wrote just one song which was composed by Rafiq Ghaznavi. However, when Kardar directed “Nai Duniya”-42, for CIRCO, Tanveer wrote 9 out of 11 songs for this film. Naushad was the composer. His songs included the famous Debut song of Baby Suraiya, ” Boot karoon main polish, babu….”

Tanveer’s best period was 1946-47, when he wrote for block busters like Anmol Ghadi, Jugnu and Nadaan-48. He was on top amongst Lyricists, but he chose to migrate to Pakistan after one more film, ” Parda”-49. For next 4-5 years he struggled in the Pak film inductry and then came back to India in 1954 and started writing songs till “Zameen ke taare”-60. Then he went back to Pakistan for good. There he wrote songs in Urdu and Punjabi films till 1971. he died at Lahore on 1-11-1972.

In India, he wrote 224 songs in 48 films.

The Music Director for Baadal was Mushtaq Hussain. This name may not be known to today’s music lovers. Mushtaq was famous as a Classical singer and was called a Ustaad. He started giving music to films in 1933. His first film was Aurat ka pyar-33. he gave music to few films only like Sauteli Maa-35, Balaa ki raat-36, Jaljalaa-36, Bhedi Trishul-38, Baghbaan-38, Pati patni-37, Kanyadaan-40, Baadal-42, Chhed chhad-43, Do ro die-44, Daasi ya maa-46 and his last film was Bombay 49. After this perhaps he realised that the public taste was changing and he left films. During the period of 1938, Naushad worked as his assistant in his struggle days and learnt few things.

The cast of film Baadal-42 was Zahoor Raja, Radha Rani, Urmila, A.R.Pehelwan, S.nazir, Radha kishen ( who left Prabhat after Padosi) etc.etc.

ZAHOOR RAJA (Born 7 July 1918 Abbottabad – Died 1992 England) Pre Partition Hindi/Urdu Film Actor, Producer, Director, Editor, Writer, Singer, Lyricist & Music Composer. He graduated from editing and story writing to become a producer-director in 1943.

Zahoor Raja was born in a wealthy family in Abbottabad, Pakistan. After schooling , he studied BA from Rawalpindi but could not complete his graduation as he was more interested in sports than in studies. His father, a Police Inspector, was keen in admitting him in Dehradun for a career in the army. But he ran away from home and landed in Bombay with a letter of introduction to Film maker A R Kardar. Since he was very handsome and well built man, getting into the Bombay film industry was not difficult. At that time, Kardar was directing ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1939) for Ranjit Movietone and . Kardar took Zahoor Raja in the film. Within a year after the release of the film, V Shantaram invited him to join Prabhat Films and was taken on a contract of 3 years. His association with V Shantaram was not beneficial and he did not get much work. Kardar once again came to his rescue and got him employed in National Studios and got him a role in ‘Pooja’ (1940). Thereafter, he got a role in Minerva Moveitone’s ‘Sikandar’ (1941). During the making of the film ‘Sikandar’ (1941), he fell in love with his co-star Meena (Meena Shourie) and married her. The marriage did not last long and Meena later married another handsome actor, Al Nasir in the mid 1940s.

Zahoor Raja later worked as a Hero in ‘Sewa’ (1941). During this time, while looking for a change from his acting career, he got a chance to direct the film ‘Badal’ (1942) produced under Eastern Pictures where he also acted in the lead role. Though the film failed at the box office, his direction was appreciated by the critics. In 1943, he floated his own film production company, Raja Movietone and made its maiden film ‘Mazaq’ (1943) which he also directed, acted in a negative role and composed its music. His banner produced ‘O Panchhi’ (1944), ‘Ghazal’ (1945) and ‘Dhadkan’ (1946). In most of the films in which he acted, Zahoor Raja was paired with Radha Rani. He also sang the song ‘Bhulaane waale hamen bhi na yaad aaya karo’ along with Naseem Akhthar in the Movie ‘Ghazal’ (1945) composed by Gyan Dutt. His last Movie in India before moving to Pakistan was ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946)

After partition, Zahoor Raja returned to Pakistan in 1950 and he was active in Pakistani film industry until 1966. After 1966, he migrated to England, married an English lady and later died in 1992 in England.

Hindi film industry is full of ‘Same Name Confusions’ cases, especially for the decades of the 30s and the 40s. The Heroine of this film-Radharani was also one such case. There were two actresses, with same name and same active period. One was from Bombay and the other was from Calcutta. In film Baadal, Bombaywali Radharani had acted.

She was the daughter of a Military Officer. Born at Quetta, Baluchistan, in or around 1920-21, she had a British father and Indian mother. She had total Indian looks. Her initial education and schooling was done in Bombay. She became an expert in Horse Riding, swimming, cycling, driving and skating. She was very beautiful and attractive. At the age 15, she looked quite grown up with distinct features. While in school final itself, she got offers from films. Her first film was Romantic India-36. Being an expert singer, she started singing in films. Next she acted in Badhe Chalo-37.

She was called to Calcutta to act in film ‘ Swaraj ke Sipahi ‘-37. From Calcutta, she went to Madras to do a role in a Telugu film ‘ Bhakta Jaidev ‘-38. Returning to Bombay, Radha Rani acted in Sunehra Baal-38 and then joined Wadia movietone. Here she did 7 stunt/action films.

After this she became a freelancer and acted in 18 more films of different banners. She also acted in Punjabi film ‘ Kurmai’-41. Her achievements in films were amazing. Stepping directly from school classroom onto the Silver screen, in her first 5 years of career itself, she had bagged 15 feature films. This was mainly due to to her striking screen beauty, linguistic dexterity and histrionic versatility. She was a consummate actress, singer and dancer. She was very fond of reading English literature and would spend time reading books during shooting breaks.

She made a good pair with actor Zahoor Raja in 8 films. She acted in 3 films of his production company and in film Badal-42, he directed her. her last film was Rasilee-46. After this film she got married and went to England.

Filmography- Romantic India-36, Badhe Chalo-37, Swaraj ke sipahi-37, Bhakta Jaydev-38(Telugu), Sunehra Baal-38, kahan hai manzil teri-39, Hind ka lal-40, Diamond queen-40, Jai swadesh-40, Bambaiwali-41, Manthan-41, Safed sawar-41, Seedha Rasta-41, Darpan-41, Kurmai-41(Punjabi), Swami-41, Badal-42, Motorwali-42, Sewa-42, Suhagan-42, Jungle Princess-42, Mazaq-43, Mr.Jhatpat-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Sawal-43, Bhai-43, O Panchhi-44, Ghazal-45, Laaj-46 and Rasilee-46.

An interesting thing about the film title Baadal is that there were films made with this Title 5 times. The first time was in 1942 ( today’s film), then it was made in 1951, 1966, 1985, and in the year 2000. I have not seen this film Baadal-42, but from whatever I read in Film India about this film, it was a social film with a novel theme. As the film’s review was not available,I can not guess what the novelty was in the film story. However, in spite of very flattering, encouraging and excellent comments in the magazine, the film was not successful at all. After this debacle, Zahoor Raja floated his own company Raja Cinetone and made a few films, before migrating to Pakistan.

( Thanks for information used from Dhunon ki yatra, Hindi filmon ke geetkar, pakmag.com, HFGK and my notes )

Film Baadal-42 makes its debut on this Blog with this song.


Song-Aao chalen us paar (Baadal)(1942) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Zahoor Raja, Lyrics-Tanveer Naqvi, MD-Mushtaq Hussain
Amirbai Karnataki + Zahoor Raja
Amirbai Karnataki + Chorus
Amirbai Karnataki + Zahoor Raja +Chorus

Lyrics

aao chalen us paar
aao chalen us paar
aao chalen us paar
khevaiyya
khevaiyya

jahaan hawaa matwaali ban kar
gaati raag malhaar
neelam ka aakaash mahal ho
neelam ka aakaash mahal ho
aur taaron ki chahal pahal ho

chandralok mein chal kar dekhen
pariyon ka singaar
pariyon ka singaar
pariyon ka singaar
khevaiyya
khevaiyya

thehro
thehro
thehro thehro jaane waalon
jaana hai bekaar
jaana hai bekaar
pal pal dol rahi hai naiyya aa aa
padi huyi manjhdhaar
padi huyi manjhdhaar
?? ki maari ??
sata rahi hai aas
aao un ko jeewan de den
taras rahen mohtaaj
taras rahen mohtaaj

hansi khushi is paar chhod kar
sab jaayen us paar
sab jaayen us paar
sab jaayen us paar
khevaiyya
khevaiyya

andhe ko aankhen din tumne
bada kiya upkaar

bada kiya upkaar
ek jhande ke neeche ham sab
chalne ko taiyyaar

chalne ko taiyyaar
chalne ko taiyyaar
khevaiyya
khevaiyya
aao chalen us paar
aao chalen us paar
aao chalen us paar
aao chalen us paaaar


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14789

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1153
Total Number of movies covered =4044

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