Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Ameerbai Karnataki songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4376 Post No. : 15718

Today’s song is from the film Amrapali-1945. The film was made by Murlitone. This historical film was directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal. The music was composed by Saraswati devi, who had left Bombay Talkies, after the exit of Devika Rani. The 11 songs of the film were written by Miss Kamal, B.A.. Most readers who are knowledgeable about the vintage films of the 40’s know that Miss Kamal, B.A. was a pseudonym of Kavi Pradeep. At that time, he was under contract with Bombay Talkies and could not use his real name . Under this Pen name, he wrote lyrics for four films, namely Kadambari-44, Amrapali-45, Sati Toral-47 and Veerangana-47. Incidentally, all these films were directed by Nandlal Jaswantlal.

Nandlal was born on 15-3-1907 at Bardoli in Surat. His father was Admin. Officer in Kohinoor films. He started his career by joining it in 1924. He assisted Chandulal Shah(1926-29) and also directed silent and Talkie films for Ranjit from 1929 to 1933. Nandlal left the job and went to Europe on tour. On his return he joined the Imperial company(34-36) and directed some remakes of silent films of Sulochana into Talkie films. For one year-1937- he went to Madras and ran a Laboratory also.

His first Talkie film as a Director was Pardesi preetam-33 and last was Akeli mat jaiyo-63. Both were Ranjit films. Due to his death in 1961, Akeli mat Jaiyo was delayed and completed by Chandulal Shah himself. Best known for his later Filmistan musicals: Anarkali (with Bina Rai and music by C. Ramchandra) and Nagin (with Vyjayanthimala), one of the biggest post-Independence musical hits. Admired for his sophisticated lighting (with cameraman Pandurang Naik). Used extreme close-ups and unusual angles creating disjointed but dramatic and sensual spaces (e.g. the beginning of Anarkali). Last film Akeli Mat Jaiyo was completed by Chandulal Shah. Apparently filmed many of the famous song sequences of M. Sadiq’s musical Taj Mahal (1963).

FILMOGRAPHY: 1929: Jawani Diwani; Pardesi Saiyan; 1930: Pahadi Kanya; 1931: Premi Jogan; Ghunghatwali (all St); 1933: Pardesi Preetam; 1934: Indira MA; Kashmeera; 1935: Pujarini; 1936: Bambai Ki Billi; Jungle Queen; 1939: Jeevan Saathi; 1941: Kamadhenu; 1943: Pratigya; 1944: Kadambari; 1945: Amrapali; 1945: Sati Toral; Veerangana; 1951: Sanam; 1953: Anarkali; 1954: Nagin; 1956: Taj; 1957: Champakali; 1963: Akeli Mat Jaiyo (1963). (Thanks to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema.)

In film Amrapali-45, the film story was by Ramchandra Thakur. Actually, this was based on Thakur’s own famous novel Amrapali. The dialogues were by Munshi Dil. The film, made under the banner of Murli Cinetone, was shot entirely in the Andheri studios of Lakshmi productions. The story of Amrapali is a real story, which took place in the times of Gautam Buddha. Although the original novel of Tamchandra Thakur depicted the reality in his book very nicely, the film story was twisted and under the guise of taking ‘ Cinematic liberty’, the main events of the story were drastically changed, twisting the history. Comparatively, the film ‘Amrapali’ made later in 1966 was much better. At least it did not change the original story. Amrapali or Ambapalika’s story is mentioned in old Pali language Texts and Buddhist literature.

The cast of the film was Prem Adib, Sabita Devi,Jeevan, Arun Ahuja, Jagdish Sethi, Badri Prasad, Sankatha Prasad, Gulab etc.etc. This film was special for its Heroine, because it was her last film as an actress. In the silent era, many Anglo Indian, Jew and European girls acted in films. They were preferred too, for their free uninhibited acting. Kissing and hugging was no problem for them. However, when the Talkie films arrived, most of these girls had to leave films, because they could not speak Hindi or sing a song. Only some few dedicated actresses from the lot like Sulochana (Ruby Meyers), Sabita Devi (Irina Gasper) etc, continued in films, because they learnt Hindi and singing, with great efforts.

The real name of Sabita Devi was IRINA GASPER. She was an Anglo-Indian,born in an affluent family of Calcutta, in 1914.

After completing education she wanted to join films, but her family objected. Without the family’s knowledge, she sent her resume and Photo to British Dominion Film Co., owned by Dhiren Ganguly in Calcutta. When they informed their consent the family resisted and kept her locked in the house. She fell ill and finally, the family conceded to her wish.

Her first Silent film was Flames of Flesh-1930. Then came Kanthahaar, A touch of Love, After the death, Aparadhi, Money makes what not and Bhagyalaxmi as silent films.

When the talkie came, she determinedly learnt Hindustani and Urdu and also Music.
Her first Talkie film was Radhakrishna-33, in which she sang 16 out of 23 songs in the film, but no records were made. Next was Ek din ka Badshah-33. She shifted to Bombay for better opportunities. In 1934,came Shahar ka Jaadu,with Motilal as a debut actor and this film was a Hit. Later she and Motilal became a popular pair.

She did many films. Her some films were-
300 days and after, Apki marzi, kokila, Kulvadhu, Amrapali, Ladies only, Chandragupta, Chingari, Dr.madhurika, grihalaxmi, holiday in bombay, Jeevan Lata, King for a day, Lagna bandhan, Manmaani, , Phantom Of the hills, Silver king, vengeance is mine, Village Girl etc etc. In all, she acted in 23 Talkie films and sang 15 recorded songs in 7 films.

She was a good Piano and Harmonium player. In later days in 1943 onwards, she stopped singing herself. Her last picture was Amrapali-45.

In 1946, she got married and left for England. She came back again only to die in Calcutta in 1965.

The story of Amrapali or Ambalika as per history and the Pali literature is.. Amrapali was a Nagarvadhu (Public Courtesan) in the kingdom of Vaishali (present day Bihar), and the king of the neighbouring Magadha kingdom fell in her love. To get her, he attacks Vaishali and wins. However, before he approaches Amrapali, she has transformed into an Arihant (a female Monk), after her encounter with Gautam Buddha.

This simple story was twisted and many side plots were added to it, thereby making the filma drab one, without evoking any excitement. Sabita devi in her 30’s and Prem Adib’s growing in size, after his own marriage and huge success of film Ram Rajya in 1943, were not suitable anymore for Romantic roles. All in all, the film was not a successful one. According to Baburao Patel’s review of the film,the technical aspects of the film were excellent. These are, in any way, not of any cognisance by the audience. The film was released on 2-11-1945 at Roxy theatre, Bombay.

Today’s song is a very good Marching song. This must be at the time of motivating Vaishali’s people when Magadh sena attacked them. It reminded me of the Marching song ‘ Zindagi hai pyar se’ from the film Sikandar-1941. This is the third song Aamrapali (1945) to appear on this Blog.


Song-Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re (Aamrpaali)(1945) Singer-Ameerbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Saraswati Devi
Chorus

Lyrics

Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
jaag re
jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re

apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apne desh ka wo jal raha hai baag re
apni maata ka
apni dharti ka lut raha suhaag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
jaag re

jaag re
jaag re
jaag re

?? jo aag chaaron oar
??
takraane do
takraane do
maidaan mein talwaar se talwaar

hey karmveer jaago
hey shoorveer jaago
ranbheri baj rahi hai
praanon ka moh tyaago
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
aazaadi ke matwaalon
shamsheer ab uthhaalo
apni izzat pe lag na jaaye daag re
naujawaan jaag re
Aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawan jaag re
naujawaanjaag re
naujawaan jaag re

(jaag re
jaag re
jaag re)

hey ae ae
kisi ke aage jhukna mat
jhukna mat
jhukna mat
kadam badhaa ke rukna mat
rukna mat
rukna mat

o naujawaan
naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
o naujawaan
desh maangta hai aaj tera balidaan
tera balidaan
tu khud ko mita de
sarwasw lutaa de
aaj dushman se khul ke khel phaag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagi aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re

aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aaj apne ghar mein lagai aag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re
aag re
naujawaan jaag re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4344 Post No. : 15650

Today’s song is from the film Jwar Bhata-44. It is an important film of the 40’s, because it was the Debut film of Dilip Kumar.

In Hindi film industry, the “Trimurti”of Raj, Dev and Dilip dominated the decades of late 40s, 50s and the 60s- a period of about 25 years in the Golden Age of Hindi films.These three were the most popular, most talked about and the most ‘ín demand’ actors when they were in full form. Each one had a dedicated fixed audience for their films.There were others equally,if not better, actors in this period like, Ashok Kumar, Motilal,Balraj Saqhni, Sanjeev Kumar etc, but these three were different.

What was so different in them ? One point strikes me most, that they never compromised,in selecting films or roles. In other words, once they got established as Heroes, they did not do any roles which did not suit their temperament, style or capacity. For example, when Ashok Kumar was famous as a Romantic Hero,he acted in a Mythological film, “Savitri’-1937, to do Satyavan’s role. Again in 1945, he did the title role in the film ‘Humayun”. Both these Genres were misfits to his image then. He looked pathetic in those misfitting roles. The big three kept off such venturisms, thoughtfully !

Secondly, they always chose only the big banners and ensured they got the maximum footage, the best songs and the best scenes. Thirdly, they never worked with heroines other than A class and of their choice.

Agewise, Dilip Kumar was the seniormost, having been born in 1922. Dev Anand was next, from 1923 and the youngest was Raj kapoor, born in 1924.However, he was the first to die, in 1988. Careerwise, Rajkapoor had only 41 years’ career, from Hamari Baaten-43 (first adult role) to Kim-84. Next was Dilip Kumar, having a career span of 54 years – from Jwar Bhata-44 to Qila-98. Dev Anand had the longest career span of 65 years, from Hum Ek Hain-46 to Chargesheet-2011. He was also the only one of the three, to continue in the next Century, i.e. 21st Century !

All the three gor Dadasaheb Phalke award. Raj Kapoor got it in 1987 at his 63rd year, Dilip Kumar in 1994,when he was72 years and Dev Anand received it in 2002, when he was 79 year old.

While Dilip Kumar and Dev Anand started as Heroes (rather one of the Heroes) in their careers, Raj Kapoor started as a Child artiste in film Inqilab-35 and did 3 films as adult roles, before he became the hero in film Neel Kamal-1947. The first one to become Hero was Dilip Kumar in Jwar Bhata-44 and next was Dev Anand in Hum Ek hain-46.

During my association with this Blog and in my 870 posts, which I wrote here, I have hardly written about songs of these 3 actors. I don’t remember exactly, but I think I have written about 2 films each of Raj, Dev and Dilip, so far. The first film of Dilip Kumar I wrote about was the film Milan-1946 and today’s film Jwar Bhata-44 is his second film today. This is his Debut film.

One more point about these three actors. It was only Raj kapoor’s First Heroine Madhubala, who also became a famous A grade actress. In case of Dilip Kumar, his first Heroine, Mridula Rani and Dev Anand’s first heroine Kamala Kotnis, never took off in Hindi films, nor did they reach A grade status. In a span of a few years, their careers as heroines ended. The Shortest career was of Kamala Kotnis ( who was actually a Telugu actress, married to a Marathi Cinematographer Pandurang Kotnis, who was the younger brother of Dr. Dwarkanath Kotnis, on whose life, V.Shantaram had made the film “Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani”-1946). Mridula survived longer with about 60 films, upto 1980 to her credit. The last I had heard about her was, in 2016 when she was alive and stayed in Worli, Mumbai. As far as Madhubala’s career, we all know too well.

Incidentally, the case of actress Ameeta was also similar. She was the heroine of Shammi Kapoor in film “Tumsa Nahin Dekha-1957”. He became a big star, but Ameeta remained as a B and C grade film actress. The opposite is the career of Meena Kumari. In her initial career, she was the Heroine of Mahipal. Later Meena Kumari became a big A class actress, but Mahipal remained where he was- B class films.

The case of Dilip Kumar was opposite to Raj Kapoor and Dev Anand’s cases. Both these actors struggled hard in their initial stages, but Dilip was extraordinarily lucky. He was actually invited to be a Hero directly. Here is his story, how he came into the film line…

Born as Yusuf khan in Peshawar, on 11-12-1922, he was third amongst 12 siblings. His father moved to Bombay in 1930 to set up the family’s Dry Fruit business. Yusuf graduated (B.A.) from Khalsa College and took up his first job as Assistant manager in the Army Canteen at Deolali Camp, near Nashik in Maharashtra. Unlike the other two stars (Raj and Dev), he had absolutely no connection in his family with film line, dramas or any art for that matter. One brother did MBBS and settled in the UK, another did Management course and the youngest Nasir Khan alone joined films – much later than Dilip Kumar.

Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies had gone for shopping, one day. At one fruit shop, she saw Yusuf, who had, by chance, replaced his ill father, in the shop. She found his face sensitive and eyes expressive. She called him, talked to him and gave him her card, asking him to meet her next day at the studios. After the routine Screen tests,interview etc, Yusuf was taken in by Bombay Talkies as an apprentice. Devika Rani started grooming her personally. Bhagvati Charan Sharma, famous Hindi writer, employed by Bombay Talkies then, gave yususf the name Dilip. The suffix Kumar was borrowed from Ashok kumar. Bunny Rueben, Film Historian says, “Devika Rani came up with three names – Dilip Kumar, Vasudev and Jahangir. Yusuf selected Dilip kumar.”

Bombay Talkies was heaven for New talents. It had launched and relaunched to fame, Heros like Ashok Kumar,Jairaj, kavi Pradeep, directors K A Abbas, N R Acharya, Najam Naqvi, Amiya Chakrawarty, Gyan Mukherjee, Bimal Roy and actresses Renuka Devi, Mumtaj Shanti, Ranjana and many more. Dilip Kumar’s first film in Bombay Talkies was Jwar Bhata-44. He was not the main Hero. Agha was the main Hero. Dilip was the second hero. His Heroine-Mridula Rani was also a New Entrant.

In his first film, Dilip Kumar did not impress anybody. He was criticised heavily by Baburao patel, who called him Ánaemic and one who needs a lot of good food to look better. As such, even Bombay Talkies also did not have much expectation from him. They had pinned their hopes on the new Heroine Mridula Rani. With every film, Dilip Kumar improved, beyond belief and India got an A class actor.

The story of Mridula is sad. She fell into marital trouble and sank deep into it. She took a break of about 4 years and when she came back, she had to accept only character roles, which she did.

Mridula was a victim of her contract with Bombay Talkies. It destroyed her career as a Heroine forever. Devika Rani was her Mentor in Bombay Talkies. However, after Himanshu Rai’s death, no one was listening to her in the company due to groupism. Disgusted, Devika rani left Bombay Talkies,having sold all the shares. Mridula got stuck in the company without work, due to her 5 year contract. It was Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures who somehow convinced Bombay Talkies to loan her to him and she got roles in 2 of their films. In the film ‘Bhakta Dhruva”-47, she played mother to 16 year old Shashi kapoor (sr) when she herself was about 23 year old only ! But she had no choice. The film and her role became famous, but she lost her chances of becoming Heroine in any film thereafter for ever.

Mridula ( real name Chandrakanta) was born on 2-11-1924 at Almora, but was educated in Delhi. When she was in college doing her graduation, Amiya Chakravarty of Bombay Talkies came to Delhi on a Talent Hunt. He contacted her and gave her an offer. She signed a 5 year contract with Bombay Talkies and Devika Rani became her Mentor, teaching her everything. She was paid 2500 rupees salary with a furnished house. Her first film was “Jwar Bhata”-44, opposite another Debutant Dilip Kumar (Yousuf Khan). After Himanshu Rai’s death, Bombay Talkies was already in disarray. Many people had left the company due to differences with Devika Rai. A group of them formed Filmistan.

After getting released from Bombay Talkies, she acted in few films – Samaj ko badal dalo-47Bhakt Dhruv-47, Toote taare-48, Nar Narayan-49, Veer Babruvahan-50 and Ram Darshan-50.

She got married to her lover Mr. G C Andley. However the marriage was unsuccessful and she went back to Delhi. She spent a miserable life selling whatever she had, to survive. She got divorce and came back to Bombay to work in films, in 1954. She worked in 53 films after this. Her last released film was Saboot-80, though she had married again and retired some time before that.

The last I heard about her was, she was living in worli, Mumbai all alone, in 2016. Her only daughter stayed nearby and looked after her.
( some information for this post has been taken from the book – “Hero vol.I,” by Ashok Raj, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by Parul Ghosh and Amirbai Karnataki. Pt Narendra Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.


Song-Prabhu charnon mein deep jalaao(Jwaar Bhaata)(1944) Singers-Parul Ghosh, Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kare kripaa jo krishnachandra to
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
kyun dukh kaa andhiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

hridayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
hr^idayakamal kaa sinhaasan
bane kr^ishna kaa vrindaavan
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jeevan apanaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho
jivan apnaa use saunp do
jo jag kaa rakhvaalaa ho

prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
chandaa nandakishor sakhi
nainaa prem-chakor sakhi
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
un nainan se dekh dekh
un nainan se dekh jagat ko
base yhaan nandalaalaa ho
base yahaan nandalaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke charanon mein aa
raadheshyaam naam gun gaa

koras:raadheshyaam raadheshyaam
jai raadheshyaam raadheshyaam

giridhar ke charanon mein aa
giridhar ke
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
maalik meraa bansiwaalaa
man meraa brijabaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao
man mandir ujiyaalaa ho
prabhu charanon mein deep jalaao


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4252 Post No. : 15472

“Bhanwra”(1944) was a comedy movie that was well received during its time.

Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our in-house encyclopaedia on HFM related information has this to say about this movie:-

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

Here is a rare song from “Bhanwra”(1944). The song is sung by Amir bai Karnataki. Swami Ramanand is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturization of this song.


Song-Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale (Bhanwra)(1944) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Swami Ramanand, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
taare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani
do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani suhaani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4218 Post No. : 15419 Movie Count :

4248

Today’s song is from a Mythological film of 1950, based on the early life of the popular God – Krishna. The film is Janmashtami-1950.

1950 was the last year of the decade of 1940s. This was a period when young Independent India was looking for its own identity. It was those times when the New World was beginning to influence the social structure of Indians. The joint family system was still in vogue. Almost every home had senior old people and they were the guiding lights for the younger generation. Men who were blooming into their youth, were a confused lot. They were caught between old customs and the call of the New World ways. Nehru’s socialism still attracted the majority and Democracy was sending its roots deeper into the grounds.

Ours was also a big joint family. With a sizeable number of senior old family members, religious atmosphere was maintained in the family. After the Prakash Pictures film “Ram Rajya”-43, the trend for the older people was to see every religious film that came calling. Having a guaranteed and assured audience, film makers became enthusiastic in producing Mythological films. The Holy Hindu books like Ramayan and Mahabharat and stories from 18 Puranas provided ample source material to make films. Religious films were also cheaper to make. The did not need any famous stars, famous directors or popular Music Directors of social films.

Like Stunt films, religious films too had fixed stars as actors, specialist Directors, Music Directors and Lyricists who were in demand for such films. Right from older actors like Prem Adeeb and Trilok Kapoor to newer actors like Bharat Bhushan and Manhar Desai, from Shobhana Samarth and Meena kumari to Nirupa Roy and Anita Guha and from Shankar Rao vyas and H C Bali to Avinash Vyas and S N Tripathi – a whole range of artistes were ready to carry the torch further. This automatically increased the number of Mythological and religious films made in the decade of 50’s (1951-1960) to an astounding figure of 124 films in the 10 year period. This worked out to at least 1 new film every month for 10 continuous years.

My liking and love for such films developed in this period. I was about 10 year old in 1950 and I had been chosen to act as a Male “Chaperone” to accompany the group of family oldies going to see such religious film. I liked the bright costumes and trick scenes in these films. This also imbibed in me to study our Vedas and other religious books to know more about the religion. This study and knowledge helped me a lot in in charting my career and family journey, in life.

According to scriptures, there were 10 Avatars or incarnations of God on this earth in various forms. Out of these, the characters of Ram and Krishna attained cult status. No wonder, most films were made in this Genre on stories about these two. Ram appeared on this earth first in Treta Yug, followed by Krishna in Dwapar Yug. In my opinion, Krishna is a more popular God than Ram. Ram depicted the model of a common Prince, without any super powers. He taught us righteousness, sticking to Justice and doing good all times. Ironically, in Ram’s total life, he suffered in more number of years than he ever enjoyed.

Krishna, Hero of many legends was with qualities like Love and Playfulness. He taught us how to be street smart. His philosophy was to use any means to achieve Goals. The common man has respect for Shri Ram, but he loves Krishna. On a cursory count, I found that more films are made on stories involving krishna than Ram. That is because, the common man feels that krishna teaches us how to live in today’s world and tackle bad people.

Film Janmashtami-50 depicts Krishna’s early life in Gokul and Mathura, till he goes to Dwaraka. The film is full of little Krishna’s antics. The role of young Krishna is done by Rajkumar khatri. He actually makes his Debut in films, with this movie. This actor Rajkumar is one of the ” Same Name Confusion” actors.

There were in all 5 Raj kumars in the industry at the same time. The first was Kannada Hero Dr. Rajkumar. However, he never worked in any Hindi film, so no confusion about him.The second was the famous Dialogue master Raaj kumar ‘Jaani’. Third was Rajkumar Gupta ( from Ranchi), who was the main character in popular film Jagriti-54. He never worked again in any film. Fourth was Raj(u) Kumar, a junior artist, who did minor roles- mostly uncredited-in films like Shri 420-55, Jagte Raho-56. Dilli ka Thug-58, Aaj aur kal-63, Ziddi-64 etc etc..The fifth was this Rajkumar, who mostly worked in Religious and Mythological films. His name was Rajkumar Khatri.

Rajkumar Khatri may have been born in or around 1940. He started as a child artiste in films like Janmashtami-50, Jai Mahakali-51 and Insaan-52. His first film as an adult was Shuk Rambha-53, in which he did the role of young Shukdev. He was a fine actor, not extraordinary, but there was something special about his screen presence. Apart from his boyish looks, he had an unspoken charm and emanated an inherent goodness. In his second film “Tulsidas”-54 he did the role of Shri Ram. He was hardly 15-16 year old then. This must be the youngest and most boyish looking Shri Ram ever seen on the screen !

Rajkumar khatri acted in 61 films, mostly Religious and Mythological films (47 to be precise). Not that he did not work in any social films, but such films were less. He was seen in films like Sautela Bhai-62, Aaj aur kal-63, Ustadon ke ustad-63, Ziddi-64, Nai umer ki nai fasal-65 etc etc. Due to his young looks, boyish face and innocent looks, he was generally given roles of younger brother. As Laxman, he acted in 7 films. His last film was probably Chintamanee Soordas-87.

In mid 80s, when films offers became scarce, he joined Prakash Mehra as an assistant. He used to live in Chembur. He was known as Chhota Rajkumar in the industry. He worked with Prakash mehra for a long time, as Assistant Director and as also his P.A. Reportedly, he died in September 2014. No further information on him was available.

Film Janmashtami-50 was made by Hindustan Chitra and it was directed by Nanabhai Bhatt. Lyricist was Bharat Vyas and all the 9 songs of the film were composed by the talented but less known Music Director Shyam Babu Pathak. Shyam Babu Pathak is not a very well known name among Music Directors. He is one of those artistes, who had the talent and a will to do hard work, but Luck did not support him. This resulted in his remaining with unknown banners and B and C grade films. His career spanned from 1938 to 1965 – a period of 27 years in which he composed music for just 29 films and his 1 film remained unreleased.

Shyam Babu Pathak was born in 1908 at Gwalior. His music tuition started when he was just 7 years old. He studied in Madhav Sangeet Vidyalaya, under Rajabhaiyya Poonchhwale, Narayan Gupte and Bhatkhande etc. He became an excellent singer and was invited by several Royal houses all over India, for singing. Even V D Paluskar had blessed him. Strangely, though a good singer, he never sang a song in any film.

While touring all over India for Music Mehfils, he learnt many folk songs and tunes. This actually prompted him to join films as a composer. His first film was Royal Commander-1938 – a B grade Costume drama film made by Vishnu Cinetone. In his first film, for just 9 songs, he used as many as 6 different singers. Minimum songs had been his specialty. This was a novelty in the 30s, when the norm was of an average of 12 to 15 songs each film.

V M Vyas of Vishnu Cinetone, was impressed with him and he gave him many films. He got Rani saheba-40, Torpedo-40, Samsheerbaz-40, Malan-42 and Ghar sansar-42. He gave good songs sung by Kalyani, Sardar Akhtar and Kajjan. In Lajwanti-42, his songs were light and comedy type. By now, he had become a confirmed Stunt/action and B/C grade composer. Pyara watan-42,Double face-46 were such films. Double face was Indivar’s first film.

Black Market-47, Namak-47, krishna Sudama-47 and Kismatwali-47 were not much helpful. Takdirwale-48 with Ramprasad, Imtihan-49 and Ret Mahal-49 led him to film Jeet-49 with Anil Biswas. Actually,it seems Anil Biswas took over when Pathak left the film halfway.

After Janmashtami-50 and Achha ji-50, came Preet ka geet-50.Famous poet Harikrishna Premi wrote the songs, which were sung by Mukesh, Geeta and Johra. Next film Hamari Duniya-52 had good Lata songs. Meanwhile his film Parda remained unreleased. In the last phase of his career, came Sapna-52, Vanraj-52, Bombay Central-60 and finally, film Mehbooba-65 closed his career.

Shyam Babu Pathak died of heart attack in Bombay on 23-11-1980.

Today’s song is a lovely song, sung by Amirbai Karnataki. With this song, film Janmashtami-1950 makes its Debut here.

Song-Murliwaale Ghanshyam mujhe apni bana lo na (Janmaashtmi)(1950) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Shyam Babu Pathak

Lyrics

Murliwaaale Ghanshyam
aaaaam

Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
apni bana lo naa aa
mujhe apni bana lo na
ho o o
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na

nain jyot se karoon aarti
ujaalon ka deep jalaaye
nain jyot se karoon aarti
ujaalon ka deep jalaaye
aao na der lagaao Muraari
jiya mora akulaaye
aao na der lagaao Muraari
jiya mora akulaaye
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na

tan man arpan karoon charan mein
thhukraao na naaath
tan man arpan karoon charan mein
thhukraao na naaath
is dukhiyaa ki laaj Kanhaiyya
?? tumhaare haath
is dukhiyaa ki laaj Kanhaiyya
?? tumhaare haath
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na
apni bana lo naa aa
mujhe apni bana lo na
ho o o
Murliwale Ghanashyam aam
mujhe apni bana lo na


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4203 Post No. : 15389

“Khidki”(1948) was produced by P L Santoshi under the banner of Arvind And Anand Films, Bombay. This movie had Rehana, Jawahar Kaul, Mumtaz Ali, Radha Kishan, Tiwari, Ram Singh, Srinath, Baba Raja, Abbas Rizvi, Harun, Deshraj, Shanta Kunwar, Indira, Neelam, Mona, Kamal Rani, Usha, Chanchal Kumari, Kalpana, V H Desai, Leela Mishra etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Seven songs from this movie have been discussed in the past. Here is the eighth song from the movie to be covered in the blog. HFGK mentions this song as sung by Shamshad Begam and chorus. I notice that three lines (one line each in each stanza) are in another voice, namely that of Lalita Deulkar.

This song has another version which starts with the words “khoyi khoyi aankhen”. It is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and chorus.

P L Santoshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by C Ramchandra.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Shamshad Begam-Lalita Deulkar version

Amirbai Karnataki version


Song-Hamen bhi koi yaad karta (Khidki)(1948) Singers-Shamshad Begam, Lalita Deulkar, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-C Ramchandra
Chorus

Lyrics
———————————-
Part I
———————————-
Hamen bhi koi yaad karta aa aa aa
Hamen bhi koi yaad karta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan haan kitna achcha hota
Hamen bhi koi yaad karta

unke liye hamne
kya na saha
taane sune aur
huye ruswa
mere liye bhi
sabhi naam le ke
hon kabhi naam le ke
aahen do bharta
ho aahen do bharta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan haan kitna achcha hota
hamen bhi koi yaad karta

kehte hain sachchi hai wohi muhabbat
ke jismein na poori ho paaye hasrat
keh to deta
ke marte hain tum pe
ho o ke marte hain tum pe
phir marta na marta
phir marta na marta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan haan kitna achcha hota
hamen bhi koi yaad karta

naazuk bade hain
ye resham ke taage
resham ke taage
muhabbat ke dhaage
darte hain ham
kahin toot na jaayen
haan toot na jaayen
kaash wo bhi darta
kaash wo bhi darta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan haan kitna achcha hota
hamen bhi koi yaad karta

————————————————–
Part II- Amirbai Karnataki version
————————————————–
Khoyi khoyi ankhen hain
dil phirta hai rota rota
dard ki duniya dekar r r
baalam hoga kaise sota

hamen bhi koi yaad karta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
hamen bhi koi yaad karta

mohabbat ke jitne fasaane hain
hamne padhe
hamne sune
sabhi mein yahi hai
mile dil hain bichhde
bichhad ke miley
mera sanam bhi ee ee
kahin bhoole bhatke
mujhse aa milta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota
hamen bhi koi yaad karta
to kitna achcha hota
haan kitna achcha hota


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4103 Post No. : 15253

Today’s song is from film Ajamil-1948. This was the maiden venture of Sanskar Chitra, Bombay, of owner Moolraj Kapadiya, who was also the producer of this movie. The film was directed by his close relative-Jamnadas Kapadiya, for whom this was his only film as a director. The film was made in Gujarati and Hindi simultaneously. The story, screenplay and songs for the Gujarati version were by Kavi Prabhulal Dwivedi and for Hindi version it was S P Tripathi, who wrote all the 12 songs of the film. While HFGK mentions name of Dwivedi as the Lyricist, according to Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, the famous Music Historian and Record collector, the records of the songs of Hindi version carry the name of Tripathi. The Music Director of this film was Master Mohan Junior.

In the history of Hindi Cinema, besides the biggest problem of Same name artistes causing confusion, there were many other smaller, but irritating unsolved mysteries like…
1. Who sang the song ” Dilli se aaya bhai Tingu” in film Ek thi ladki-49 ?
2. Who was the artiste who sang on screen,” Hawa mein udta jaaye” from film Barsat-49 ?
3. Who were the composers ” Vasant Ramchandra” ?
4. Are they one person or two – Shyam ji Ghanashyam ji and Hemant Kedar ?
5. Who said ” Yahoo” in film Junglee-64 song ?
6. Who sang ” Leke pehla pehla pyar’ on screen ?
7. Why composers Jaidev and C Ramchandra gave music in different names ?
8. Whose voice is in the ” Mehboob production” ‘s logo ?
9. Who was the artiste in Prabhat’s logo ?
10. What happened to actresses Latika and Mrudula ? etc.etc.

I have listed only a few here, but there are many more such riddles,puzzles and unsolved (as yet) mysteries in Hindi cinema world.
Since the time I started writing on old films, I tried relentlessly to get the right answers, with proofs,for some of these riddles. I was successful in solving some mysteries too. As far as the Same name artiste’s confusions are concerned, I had dug out information on 50 such artistes and published this in my book. From time to time even my articles here also contained them. Presently, I have information on another 20 such same name artistes with me, which will be published in my next book,after adding few more pairs.

One mystery connected with today’s film is about its Music Director – Master Mohan Junior. As per a note in HFGK,under the film “Daana paani”-53, it was composer Madan Mohan, who gave music in this name. There was no reason to doubt this claim as it came from HFGK, but one day…..
One day in 2012, I received a query from Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, asking about Mohan Junior, who, according to him was a different person. He wanted to know if I had some information.

I had no such information. I was actually floored with this query. After receiving this query, I immediately got in touch with Madan Mohan’s son Sanjeev Kohli ji and daughter Sangeeta Gupta ji and asked them this question. Sanjeev ji promptly responded saying that in all probabilities, Mohan Junior was a different person and that is why they have not included film Dana Pani-53 in Madan ji’s filmography.
Then I contacted Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat. We did a hard work and then found out that Mohan Junior indeed was different. He was a Gujarati Music Director. Further Harish ji found that one Dr. Vipin Kikani had done his Ph.D. on ” Gujarati stage and its artistes” and that he had written about Mohan Junior in his book. Harish ji got the book, translated the relevant portion in Hindi, made its PDF and sent it to me with his Gujarati Filmography.

By now, the mystery was almost solved, but still, to get a first person confirmation, I requested Girdharilal ji to talk to Madhubala Jhaveri,because she had sung some songs for Mohan Junior. He did it immediately and Madhubala ji confirmed that Mohan Junior was a Gujarati person and he was NOT Madan Mohan.

At last, it was conclusively proved that Master Mohan Junior was not a pseudo name for Madan Mohan but he was a different person. Here is his full information…….

Master Mohan Junior was born in 1908 in a Bhurji Rajpoot family at Masuda, near Ajmer. When he was 5 year old, the great Plague epidemic killed all members of his family and he became an orphan. His cousin sister took him to Idar and he grew up there. He had inherited the singing ability of his father.When he was 13 year old, Raghunath-his brother in law- sent him to ” Morvi Subodh Arya Natak Mandali “, in 1921. Later he also worked with Imperial,Laxmikant Natak Mandali and Arya Naitik drama company from 1926 to 1930. His brother in law was quite attached to him.

He started with Gujarat Kala Mandir as a Music Composer from 1930 onwards. His attempts to become an actor failed in 1932. He was now owner of the company Arya Natak Mandali, in which Ramlal was a Music composer. His music became famous with many famous dramas.Raskavi Raghunath Brahmabhat has praised his music capabilities.

He gave music to 6 Gujarati films, namely- Ajamil-48, Vadilon naa vaanke-48, Bhakta Pooran-49, Vevishat-49, Choodi Chaandlo-50 and Bhakta Narsaiyo-52. He also gave music to 2 Hindi films- Ajamil-48 and Daana Paani-53.

Even after all clarification about Mohan Junior, still 2 questions remained –

1.Why did Begum Akhtar say that Madan Mohan gave music. The answer to that is-she was right, that Gazal (in film Dana Pani-53) was composed by Madan mohan and it was used in the film. It was concluded therefore that the entire film music was given by Madan Mohan. I think HFGK went overboard in this.

2.Why that composer called himself Junior, because in 48, and 49 Madan Mohan was not a composer as yet. He debuted with Aankhe-50. I found out that during that period there was yet another Mohan-a Mohan Sharma, a Music director for Jai Hind-1949(unreleased) and Chocolate-1950.

May be to distinguish himself,he called himself as Mohan Junior.

Sanjeev Kohli ji has also now agreed that he must be a different person. However Sanjeev ji has requested me NOT to quote his name elsewhere in this connection.,as he does not want any controversy now. so let us keep him out of this.

Although all this search for truth took place back in 2012- 7 years ago, I have recounted all this now, only to stress the difficulties one faces in breaking an old myth or decoding a mystery. Further, all this was never brought before readers any time. Additionally Mohan Junior’s bio data is published first time here.

Film Ajamil was also made in silent era in 1922 by Kohinoor film company, Bombay. Kanjibhai Rathod had directed it. Next, it was made in 1934 as a Talkie, by Saroj Movietone. It’s director was Abdul Rehman Kabuli, about whom I just wrote in my previous post. The role of Ajamil was done by Ashraf khan – who himself became a Sufi Saint in his later life.

The story of Ajamil has been taken from the 6th chapter of Bhagwat Puran. It stresses the value of Naam smaran or Jaap and how it can make a Saint out of a bad man. The story of Ajamil is…

Ajamila was once a very noble Brahmin, performing his duties and prescribed rituals most sincerely and was also a good husband, good son and good father. Once when he was in the forest to gather the fuel-wood for his rituals, he fell for a woman, heart and soul. Actually the woman was one of very low morals. From that time onwards he lived with her, abandoned his family and his own parents. He got ten children by her, made a living and supported this large family by blackmailing rich people, by cheating, fraud and gambling. He was particularly fond of the youngest child, Narayana, by name. The attachment to the child was so pronounced that whether he was eating, drinking, relaxing or working, he would always want Narayana to be by his side and partake of his food or participate in his enjoyment. When finally the call from Yama, the God of Death, came, it came suddenly and in his agony he called his child to his side and cried: O Narayana. He called aloud with great fear.

The messengers of Yama who almost got him in their noose suddenly found from within his heart four well-clad beautiful angel-like figures, each with four hands, preventing the messengers of Yama from discharging their duty. An intense conversation ensued between the messengers of Yama on the one side and the messengers of Narayana – because that is what they were – on the other side. They asked: You are the emissaries of Dharma-raja; then you should know what dharma is and what rules apply for punishment. The messengers of Yama replied: (VI – 1 -40 to 68):

What is declared by the Vedas is dharma. What is prohibited by Vedas is adharma. The one God who has created this entire world and who has allotted the different duties to varnas and ashramas is Lord Narayana. He has ordained that our Lord Yama take the lives of people when their time is over and punish them according to sins committed by them. There are several witnesses to whatever a man does in his life.

They are the Sun, Agni the Fire-God, Space, the Wind-God, Animals, the Moon, the God of SandhyA the twilight, Day, Night, the eight quarters, Water, Earth, Time and the God of Dharma, who is Yama himself. Nothing can be hidden from any of these. . We are doing our duty ordained by our boss.

Back came a pretty long rejoinder from the messengers of Vishnu: Your Master who must show to the world what right action is, has sent messengers like you who do not seem to know the rules! This Ajamila, though he has forgotten his real divine nature, has pronounced the four-syllabled name of God Narayana at the time of death and by that very action has done the Prayaschitta – प्रायश्चित्त (repentance act) for all his sins.

A thief of gold, a drinker of wine, a betrayer of a friend, a killer of a brahmin, one who commits adultery with the wife of his Guru, a killer of a woman or of a king, or of a cow or of his father — all these worst sinners have been declared to be absolved by the recitation of God’s name because by that very act he becomes God’s protege and deserves to be under His care.

After all this explanation by the messengers of Vishnu the messengers of Yama felt overpowered and they went back to their overlord. In the meantime Ajamila came back to his senses and remembered all the conversation that went on in the presence of his subtle body between the messengers. He was about to say something, when the messengers of Vishnu also disappeared. It was quite a while before he could take stock of the situation.

Here he was. alive and kicking, by the mercy of God Narayana, whose name he had just taken on the point of death, not in remembrance of the Lord but in passionate affection of his child. If this single act of the utterance of a four-syllable word Narayana can make such a difference to life after death, what larger worlds of fullness and majesty he may not conquer by really leading a noble life of Dharma in the memory of the Lord? — so thought Ajamila. And that very moment he renounced everything to which he was attached, went to Benares and engaged himself in austerities and meditation and in due time reached the abode of the Lord. (adapted and abridged from krishnamurthy’s.com, with thanks)

Today’s song is by Amirbai Karnataki and chorus. it is a melodious song. This is the second song from this film to be discussed on this Blog.

(I thank, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, family of Madan Mohan ji and Dr. Vipin Kikani ji for information used in this post. I also thank Sadanand kamath ji for uploading the song video on my request, promptly – as always.).


Song-Aaya aaya mehmaan man bhaaya (Ajaamil)(1948) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics- S P Tripathi, MD- Master Mohan Junior
chorus

Lyrics

Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
kaun nainon se dil mein samaaya
kaun nainon se dil mein samaaya aa aa
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

kalpana ne dil mein jinki
khenchi thhi rekha
nainon ne aaj wahi
nainon ne aaj wahi
?? roop dekha
sudh budh ko bhool gayi
harsh mein magan bhai

dekho dekho ye nachti hai chhaaya
dekho dekho ye nachti hai chhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya mehmaan man bhaaya

yug yug ki aas meri
haan aan aan
man ki madhur saadh mori
ho o ho
naach uthhi haan
naach uthhi
naach uthhi haan
naach uthhi

dekh to main aaya
aur dil mein samaaya
dekh to main aaya
aur dil mein samaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

na na na
aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
mehmaan man bhaaya

na na na
aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
kaase(??) sajoon
jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jug jug se jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jhoom uthhi
jug jug se jhoom uthhi
kya
kaaya meri
P? phir chhaaya
kaaya meri
P? phir chhaaya
Aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya
sajan man bhaaya
Aaya aaya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4051 Post No. : 15180

Today’s song is from film Raj Mukut-50.

From the title itself one would know what type of film this could be. In our childhood we were fond of, first listening and then reading stories of Raja-Rani. As we grow older, this liking seems to have ended,but it is not so, in reality. Every adult has a child in him and the love for the Raja Rani stories is hiding behind the facade of other serious life matters of the adult age.

Precisely, this liking was identified by B and C grade action and costume filmmakers and films on Kings, Queens, the evil Vazier or the Army Chief, plus or minus the evil Magician were made. From the point of business, it was wise to make such films, because its Producers never suffered loss, where as failure of an A grade film invariably ruined the producer.

The simple reason was, the production cost, distribution cost, actors’ payments etc were very low and the income was very good. May be that was the reason, that even the big banners also sometimes or the other had made costume films about Kings and Queens etc.

Going by the film title list made by Hamraz ji, I found at least 43 films starting with Raaj – like Raaj Mukut, Raaj Tarang, Raaj Ratan, Raaj Nandini etc etc. There were 32 films having titles starting with Raja, like Raja Gopichand, Raja Harishchandra, Raja Vikram etc etc. Movie titles with Rani prefix were just 11 (Gender Bias ?).

Coming to the story of Raaj Mukut-50, it is no different than hundreds of its ilk. I wonder why are there story shortages in films ? Why do films have similar stories ? In the 40’s decade ,Master Bhagwan used just one story to make 11 action films. In later times, it was Nasir Hussain, who – starting with Tumsa Nahin Dekha-57 – used only one skeleton story for most of his films and what’s more surprising is that his most film were Hits.

While thinking about it, I found that, in 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories”, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having 728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are
1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy “.

After this book was published, there was a chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied to all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above points.

If we take a look at the cast of the film Raaj Mukut-50, we find some heavyweights like Veena, Jairaj, Nimmi, Sapru, Gulab, Janakidas, Baby Tabassum etc. The decade of the 50s started with the decline of old stalwarts of 30s and 40s, because of the rise of new generation of actors, actresses, directors, MDs and almost all departments of film making. Nimmi was a ‘ Black Sheep’ in this cast because she was from the newer generation rising star.May be she did this film to get well entrenched in the film industry. Moreover the banner was good and the other actors were well known too. Director Nanubhai Vakil was an expert veteran in costume and action film direction. The music was given by Gobindram, a respected name in the musical circles.

Baby Tabassum had debuted with film Nargis-46 ( released in 47). Tabassum – real name Kiran Bala Sachdev was born in 1944 in Mumbai to Ayodhyanath Sachdev, an Indian freedom fighter, and Asghari Begum, freedom fighter, journalist and an author. Her father named her Tabassum, keeping her mother’s religious sentiments in mind, while her mother kept her name Kiran Bala, keeping her father’s religious sentiments in mind. Her official name as per pre-marriage documents was Kiran Bala Sachdev.

Tabassum made her film debut as a child actor with Nargis (1947) followed by Mera Suhaag (1947), Manjhdhar (1947) and Bari Behen (1949). Later in Deedar (1951), directed by Nitin Bose, she played the childhood role of Nargis; the hit song Bachpan Ke Din Bhula Na Dena sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum was picturised on her. Also, in the next year, she appeared in another important film Baiju Bawra (1952) directed by Vijay Bhatt, where she appeared in the childhood role of Meena Kumari. After a gap, she reentered films in adult roles, working as a character actress.

She hosted the first talk show of Indian television, Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, which ran for 21 years from 1972 to 1993. Produced by Doordarshan Kendra Mumbai, it was based on interviews of film celebrities and became immensely popular. This also led to a career as stage compere. She was also the editor of Grihalaxmi, a Hindi women’s magazine for 15 years and wrote many joke books.

In 1985, she directed, produced and wrote her first film, Tum Par Hum Qurban. In 2006, she returned to television, as an actress in Pyaar Ke Do Naam: Ek Raadha, Ek Shyaam, produced by Rajshri Productions. She became a judge in a reality stand-up comedy show Ladies Special (2009) on Zee TV.

She continued to work as an interviewer for television and is currently doing a TV show on TV Asia USA and Canada titled Abhi Toh Main Jawaan Hoon based on the Golden Era of Hindi Cinema. Currently, she has launched her own channel on YouTube, titled “Tabassum Talkies” which consists of nostalgic talks, interviews of celebrities, shayaris, jokes and more.

She is married to Vijay Govil, elder brother of TV actor Arun Govil. Their son Hoshang Govil had brief career as a lead in three films Tum Par Hum Qurbaan (1985), which was produced and directed by Tabassum in which she introduced Johnny Lever for the first time on screen as a comedian. Kartoot (1987) and Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeah (1996) produced by Zee TV and directed by J Om Prakash (grandfather of Hritik Roshan). In 2009, her granddaughter Khushi (daughter of Hoshang) made her film debut with Hum Phir Mile Na Mile. ( courtesy- Wikipedia).

Tabassum is an actress of a kind who was an All rounder-not in body shape-(that she is in now!), who is the only one having succeeded in 5 different mediums of entertainment. Films,TV,Radio,Print Media and Stage. Here is a small note about her,as it appears on her Facebook page-

“Tabassum ,during her years as child star ,was dubbed by her fans ,the movie -industry and the media as “THE SHIRLY TEMPLE OF INDIA”.

FILMS

She made her debut at the age of two and half years, in 1946, in her first film –Famous Pictures “Nargis’.This film was produced by Baburao Pai ,directed by D.D.Kashyap ….“Nargis” starred the legendary Nargisji herself with Rehman ,Shahnawaz ,Alka ,Achrekar and BABY TABASSUM.

In a short span of about six years Tabassum chalked up a record of child artist roles in more than thirty films ,and she’s working in films even today with a total of more than 100 films to her credit.

TELEVISION

Tabassum was the first to start the movie- oriented T.V. series on Doordarshan (India’s Government owned Television channel) which started on October 2nd, 1972. On October 8th 1972 , she launched her famous series of film-personality interviews. The first person to be interviewed in these series , titled “PHOOL KHILE HAIN GULSHAN GULSHAN” was a veteran music director Naushad.

This programme ran continuously on Doordarshan for 21 years ..

Various cultural organizations ,audiences ,and the media in general even the then INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING MINISTER Mr. V.P.Sathe have dubbed Tabassum as THE T.V. QUEEN OF INDIA .

RADIO

Tabassum started on radio in 1946 with children programmes and did many other programmes regularly on All India Radio.
For 15 years from 1970 to 1985 Tabassum ran a regular radio programme of jokes on the commercial services of Radio Ceylon.The same programme was later switched also to Vividh Bharti where continued for many years. She is still doing programmes regularly on Vividh Bharti.

She was conferred the award of “JOKES QUEEN OF INDIA”.

AUTHORSHIP AND JOURNALISM

Tabassum has been writing Urdu poetry , jokes ,short stories since her childhood which were being regularly published in Urdu and Hindi magazines ,newspapers ,etc.

During her more than sixty four years long career in show business ,Tabassum has also written seven books of Jokes ,Poetry ,and Urdu shayris ,the first of which was published at the age of 17 years when she had just passed her matriculation examination. She did her B.A. in Urdu from Aligarh University.

For the past many years Tabassum has fitted also journalism into her over crowded schedule when she took over as editor of the large circulation of a Woman’s magazine GRIHA LAKSHMI which is published monthly from New Delhi since last 17 years.

STAGE

As Baby Tabassum , Filmland’s original child-star the Shirley Temple of India ,began to appear on stage shows since the tender age of three to four years.Over three decades ago she launched her own stage show unit named “TABASSUM HIT PARADE’.This stage entertainment unit has over the past three decades performed variety entertainment shows all over India and in almost every country of the world from U.S.A.and Canada to the United Kingdom and Europe ,the Middle east and Gulf countries to South-east Asia ,Singapore and the far east in Hong Kong ,China ,Taiwan and Japan.

Now she is busy in promoting a stage programme titled “Tabassum Bhajan Sandhya” in India and abroad as spiritual entertainment.

On May 8th 1995 various well known cultural organizations of India celebrated TABASSUM’S HALF CENTURY IN FILM INDUSTRY AND SHOW BUSINESS AND WAS LARGELY ATTENDED BY FILM AND OWN MEDIA PERSONALITIES INCLUDING THE PRESS. ”

Film Raaj Mukut-50 story was about a Prince who is more interested in doing social service for the poor and down trodden ( and a love affair with the Village Mukhiya’s daughter) than getting crowned legitimately. So he disappears and goes to a village, to do what he always wanted to do, but could not do so far.

He learns that his younger brother, crowned after the deliberate false rumour of the prince- was perpetrating tyranny on kingdom’s people and also arrested his own parents and jailed them. His blood boils and he enters the capital incognito, along with his girlfriend and others. There is a fighting and the younger brother is killed. The King and Queen are released. The prince becomes the King and his girlfriend becomes his Queen. Clap, Clap !

The film had 11 songs. 4 songs are already discussed. Today’s song is the 5th song. It is sung by Shamshad Begum, Amirbai, Rafi and another unknown male voice. Incidentally, Gobind Ram had a special affinity for Shamshad Begum. He gave music to 32 films and composed 302 songs. Out of these, he composed as many as 86 songs in 19 films for Shamshad Begum. I believe, he may be the music director who has most songs for Shamshad Begum- atleast percentage wise (28.4 %).


Song- Dil hai lagane ke liye (Raj Mukut)(1950) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Shamshad Begam, Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD- Pt Gobind Ram
Amirbai Karnataki + Shamshad Begam
Rafi + Unknown male voice

Lyrics

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
aji chaar dinon ka khel
chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
khatkhat karti chali jaa rahi
jeewan ki ye rail
suno jee
jeewan ki ye rail
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
haan
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
dil ki baaten dil mein rahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
haan aan aan aan
haan aan
jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
aur ishq mein anjaam dekho
kya hua farhaad ka

aur ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin
hoy ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin

is dil ko lagaa lo yahin kahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
aeji soorat dil mein basi huyi
honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
tum chaaho na chaaho
ham hain prem jaal mein phansi huyi
ham prem jaal mein phansi huyi
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
haay
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
kya kya baaten hamne sahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4019 Post No. : 15130

Today’s song is from film Hawai Khatola-46.

Whenever I come across a film starting with the word ‘Hawai’, I always remember film Hawai Daaku aka Bandit of the Air-1936, in which K N Singh was the Hero. His heroine was Ram Pyari and villain in the film was Mazhar khan. See the fate – in later years, Mazhar Khan became a Hero and K N Singh made his indelible mark as a sophisticated villain ! Incidentally, there were 7 films, starting with the word ‘Hawai’, if you are wondering about it. There were 2 films with the same Title ” Hawai Insaan “(The flying man), made in 1947 and 1965.

I have been writing on old films, their songs and about the people in those films,like actors, directors,producers,composers,lyricists, film story, studios, as well as the times in which these films were made etc, since about last 7 years – from 1-10-2012 to be precise. Many of my relatives and friends ask me how do I spend my time these days as they know that I do not work anywhere now. I tell them that I study and write on old films. Their immediate response is, “yes, old music was great” and they would spell out few old songs.

The words, old films, old music and old songs are highly relative terms. An young teenager might feel that films before 2000 are old. A man in his 30’s may feel that songs before 90s are old. Similarly, a man in his 40s feels that songs before 70 are old songs. Likewise a man in his 70s and above may feel that songs from the 30s and 40s are old songs. For a teenager songs of 30s and 40s are ‘ Antiques’ and ‘ Heritage ‘ songs !

In general Old Films have become synonymous with old songs. But it is NOT so. There is a world beyond old songs. Like English Literature, you can divide old films in 2 parts – Prose and Poetry. While poetry part will include songs, music, musicians,Lyricists, choreographers and allied matters, the Prose section will include information about actors, actresses, directors, producers and the allied specialists etc.

Writing on songs is different and writing Prose side is altogether different. With the kind of poor documentation and preservation of information in our country ( not only films but any other field too), it is extremely difficult to gather genuine, credible information on old actors etc. Old Magazines, Old Newspapers, Diaries, Letters and such other matters are difficult to trace. Those who have this treasure, rarely share it with others. Luckily, not all are like that.Thanks to generous Historians, and book writers, nowadays information is getting available to a small extent, but it is still a long way to go. There is more information available on the Poetry side than the Prose side. Most Bloggers prefer writing on Poetry side of films. Very few Bloggers write on Prose side.

My comfort zone is writing on Prose side. Not that I can not or do not write on songs or music, because these two are interlinked. All these thoughts came to my mind, when I took a look at the cast of film Hawai Khatola-46. The cast shows Devraj,Gohar karnataki,Ameena Begum, Sarla Devi, M.Beg, Raja Chatterjee, Fazal Khan, G H Chishti, M.Basheer, Gopinath etc. HFGK does not mention the name of Shanta Kumari, but she was in this film. Film India magazine carried her photo from this film,in one of its issues in 1946. So her name is confirmed. Barring Gohar Karnataki, I was unable to get any information on any of the star cast members. This is the position, about information on old time actors.

Shanta Kumari was very beautiful. She started her career from a silent film-‘ Bhai ya Kasai’-1928. Her first Talkie film was Heer Ranjha-1931. Then came many films, including 4 parts of film Hatimtai-33, in which she was Heroine Husnbanu. In film Sant Tulsidas-34, she sang along with even G N Joshi, famous classical singer of those times and later on an officer in H.M.V. Recording section. Due to her good singing, till 1936 she sang on A.I.R. Bombay. In 1940, she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. In the later period, she acted in som6e famous films like Bharat Milap-42, Ramrajya-43, Prithvi Vallabh-43, Gwalan-46, Ram Vivah-49 and Grih Laxmi-49. After a gap, she came in Toofan aur Diya-56. She acted in few C grade films and her last film was Toofani Tarzan-62. She acted in 27 films and sang 21 songs in 8 films. She died on 18-1-2006 ( information adapted from Beete kal ke sitare by Shriram Tamrakar, and MuvYz with thanks).

Film Hawai khatola-46 was made by A M Khan Productions. It was directed by A M Khan himself, along with Sultan Alam – for whom it was the only film he directed. A M Khan began as director with film Voh Kaun-35. He directed 37 films in his career, with last film, Jadui Angoothi-65. he also acted in 2 films (Dil-46 and Bigde dil-49) and wrote Lyrics in 3 films (Cyclewali-38, Ran sangram-39 and Bahana-42).

As far as the Hero Devraj is concerned, I do not have much information about him except what is in HFGK. His name first appears in film ‘Bahadur Kisan’-38. This was Master Bhagwan’s first film as a director. The MD for this film was Meer Saheb, with whom the young C.Ramchandra worked as his assistant. This is where Bhagwan and C Ramchandra met first time and became fast friends. Name of Devraj comes up in 9 films – last film being ‘Khaufnak aankhen-47. All his films were C grade action films.

Film Hawai Khatola-46 ( by the way Hawai khatola means Aeroplane aka Udan Khatola) had music by Basheer khan Dehlavi. His first film as MD was Kala Jigar-39. He gave music to 12 films – all C grade action/stunt films. His last film seems to be Hawai Khatola. After this his name does not appear anywhere. Possibly, after Partition he must have migrated to Pakistan. He also wrote Lyrics for 2 films – Saheli-42 and Khooni-46.

Today’s song tune is similar to the famous Noorjehan song ” Baithi hoon teri yaad mein lekar ke sahara” from film Gaon ki Gori aka Village Girl-45. The song is sung by Amirbai Karnataki and Premlata, according to the uploader,Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji.


Song-Toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara (Hawaai Khatola)(1946) Singers- Ameerbai Karnataki, Premlata, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Bashir Dehalvi
Both

Lyrics

Dheere se mere man mein bataa kaun pukaara
dheere se mere man mein bataa kaun pukaara
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko

tu roop ki devi hai to main tera
haan haan main tera pujaari ee
main tera pujaari
tu roop ki devi hai to main tera
haan haan main tera pujaari ee
main tera pujaari
hoga nahin ab door kabhi chaand sitaara
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko

reh reh ke ye kehti hai mere hriday ki dhadkan
mere hriday ki dhadkan
reh reh ke ye kehti hai mere hriday ki dhadkan
mere hriday ki dhadkan
ye dor bhi jeewan ki bani prem ka bandhan
ab swarg se badh kar hai ye sansaar hamaara
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara aa
tere prem ke aakaash pe chamka hai sitaara
toote huye is dil ko
toote huye is dil ko diya kisne sahaara aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3890 Post No. : 14922

Today’s song is from film Arab ka Sitara-1946. Produced and directed by Nanubhai Vakil, under his own banner- Roshan Pictures, it was a costume drama film,eulogising the greatness of Islam and how sincere 5-time Namaz pleases Allah- the Supreme power.The 10 songs of the film were written by Shevan Rizvi and were composed by the One Film Music Director S Qureshi.

Sometimes I wonder, there was a time when this film industry was thickly populated with Muslim artistes in every field-acting, production,direction or composing music…still there were really not many films on Muslim backgrounds made. There is a sizable and rapidly growing portion of Muslim population in India, still,if you count films based on Muslim issues or Muslim backgrounds,they may not account for more than 1 to 2 % of the total film production.

It is not only the Muslim films, but films on other minorities like Christians,Parsis, Jains,Budhists, Sikhs too are not much represented in our films. It is very sad that such films are not made, though the figures and history tells us that such films were quite successful at the Box Office.

Muslim films are in Two categories. One, films made on Historical Muslim characters like Akbar, babar, Humayun, Shahjehan, Jehangir, Razia Sultan, etc etc and the Second group is that of Muslim society. Just for the sake of curiosity, I scanned the 5 volumes of HFGK and wrote down names of films made on Muslim subjects-both types. To my surprise,I could not go beyond even 50 films-from 1931 to 1980 !, Granting that I must have made a mistake in counting and identifying,since I do not know the story lines of every film, still the number will not go beyond 70-80 films, despite ruthless stretching !

The point I want to make here is that not many Muslim social movies are made in India ,over the years. One of the earliest such a film was Najma-43,I think. One very very explosive Muslim social film,made by Director Mehboob was “Elan” in 1947. Munawar Sultana was the lead actress in it. Before starting the shooting, Mehboob called her and said,” You have heard the story,it is a very very hot story.I guess there will be a lot of opposition from our fundamentalist people. You may have to face their ire. may be you will be attacked or thrown out of the society. But remember,I am doing this film,because I want our people to improve on par with others. If you want,you can reject the film even now. Think and tell me before we start shooting. “Munawar Sultana quickly said,”There is no need to think. I want to do this film. I am not afraid of anyone. I have full faith in you.” After release,the film did evoke violent reactions from a section of the Muslim society but it subsided slowly. Before Partition, Fazli brothers were known to make Muslim social films.

Some other Muslim socials I remember are Zeenat,Dil hi to hai,Bahu begum,Dastak,Garm hava,Bazar,Anjuman,Naseem, the Triology by Khalid Mohammed-Mammo-Sardari begum and Zubeida, Fiza,Junoon,Benazir,Gazal,Chhote nawab.Then there were Barsaat ki raat,Nikah,Shatranj,mehboob ki Mehendi,Umrao Jaan,Paakiza,Mere mehboob,Chaudhavi ka chaand,Anwar, My name is Khan,Bombay etc. Surely,there must be many more than what I have mentioned. I am not counting Historical films as they are not socials.

Being from Hyderabad, when it was a Nizam ruled state, I had a closer view of Muslim culture and even had some close Muslim friends in school and college. Though my early education in the 40s was in Urdu, over a period, I have lost the touch with Urdu- may be due to ‘ atrophy of disuse’ !
When I learnt that one of my friends, Shri P Kamalakar aka Kamlakar Pasupuleti, has written a book on Muslim films, I was very eager to have a copy. Last week I got my copy of his book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947 “.

The book is an authentic chronicle of 30 films made on Muslim culture- social, historical and costume dramas based on imaginary events and stories. Kamlakar ji is an Urdu Scholar and had a superb enviable collection of film materials in Urdu, which he collected during his early life in Hyderabad. Now, he has been settled in US for a very long time. He has earlier published 2 books, based on this material, which are real Gems for students of old films, like me.

This new book too is exclusively based on documents like film booklets, reviews and News items in papers, books etc, all in Urdu. All this makes the book very well documented and authentic too. This is a treasure trove of early Indian movies, fit to be preserved for posterity. The original Urdu material is also given in the book.

Today I have selected a song from one of the films discussed in this book,namely, Arab ka sitara-46. Though the book’s title says 1933 to 1947, only one film of 1947 (Mulaqat-47) features in this book. As far as my information goes, films like Abida, Dard, Ek Roz, Elaan, Gul e Bakavli, Hatimtai, Kasam and Mirza Sahiban, all made in 1947, were also with Muslim culture background. These films do not feature in this book. One reason could be that due to Partition-pre and post activities, most films, passed by Censors in 1947 could not be released in 1947 itself for obvious reasons. Obviously, there were no reviews, articles or comments etc on these films in the newspapers. All these films got released in 1948 and thus are not included in this book. Of course, this is my surmise, based on facts.

I know for sure that the most famous and daring Muslim culture film ” Elaan” was censored in 1947 on 11-3-1947 ( certificate no. 35351) but was actually released only on 20-2-1948 in Super Cinema, Bombay. I thank Harish Raghuwanshi ji to confirm my surmise by facts, within lightning time, after my query today itself.

In any case, the book is not without errors. No book is without errors-in this subject- including my own book also. This is because, history and facts get updated every now and then, with newer evidence coming to light through many sources.

Film Arab ka sitara-46 was directed by Nanubhai Vakil. He was the fittest person for such type of B and C grade costume dramas- in which he specialised. It is no surprise that in his 20 Silent and 70 Talkie films just ONE film was a social film-Kya yeh Bambai hai-1959.

Nanubhai Vakil was born in Valsad in Gujarat in the year 1904. In his family there were many Advocates including his father,so their family name itself became Vakil, instead of their original surname Desai. Nanubhai came to Bombay to study Law. He completed his B.A. LL.B from Wilson College, Bombay but he did not join his family profession. Instead he was attracted towards the film world.

He joined Sharada films as a screenplay writer and later joined Ranjit films as a Director. He directed 18 silent films for Ranjit studios. However, it was Sagar Movietone which gave him the first opportunity to direct his first Talkie film. It was the First Gujarati Talkie film, “Narsimh Mehto” in 1932. After this there was no looking back. He opted for and became an expert in directing only Fantasy,Stunt and Costume films.

In his career from 1929 to 1973 period,he directed 20 silent and 70 Talkie films -all stunt and fantasy films, except one social film Kya yeh Bambai hai in 1959.

He was associated with Mohan pictures for a long time and directed 18 films for this company. During this period he also married his Heroine Sarojini ( real name Roshan Jehan alias Ranee). They had one daughter-AZRA, who too became an actress. Sarojini was actress Indurani’s elder sister.

Unlike most of his colleagues ,who had no formal school education ,Mr Vakil was highly educated ,being B.A.L.L.B. in those days.Since beginning,he was attracted to Fantasy & Arabian Night movies.He believed that,the audience visits the cinema hall, to experience some thing,which he has not seen in his real life. He wants to be entertained & to forget the harsh realities of the outer world. Fantasy/ Costume movies transports him to an imaginary world of King & Queens, where beside the crafty Vazir, he finds gorgeous girls dancing, the handsome,manly & brave hero,rescues the pretty damsel from the clutches of evil magician. The movie comes to an end and the viewers come out from the theater,happy & satisfied, since evil doers have been eliminated & brave man living happily with the petite gal, in their fairy land.

Bulbul E Bagh,Rashk E Laila, Fakhr E Islam, Gulshan E Alam, Kumud Kumari were his earlier movies. In 50s & 60s,few of his movies were,Shan E Hatim, Khul Ja Sim Sim, ShanE Khuda, Idd Ka Chand, Noor Mahal, Flying Rani, Alam Ara Ki Beti, Bansri Bala, Hatim Tai Ka Beta etc.He made remakes of many movies like Lal E Yaman, Alam Ara (Twice in 1956 & !973) & Hatim Tai Ki Beti in 1940 & 1955.During his five decades long career,he made movies with in a small budget ,with less paid actors. Nanu Bhai Vakil had two productions Companies viz Desai Films & Vakil Production. All his movies had no connect with the present. Elite & pseudo intellectuals avoided to even discuss his movies, but Vakil Sahab had a dedicated audience consisting of common public,less privileged & so called front benchers,who enjoyed his brand of cinema.

His films included less known stars like Sarojini, Navin chandra, Rafiq, Prakash, Gulnar, Daljit, Chitra etc. He also worked with Zubeida, Yakub, Jal Merchant,Jaddanbai,Shanta Hublikar, Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Shakila,Nirupa Roy, Nadira, Mehmood, Shobhana Samarth, Nirmala,her husband Arun Ahuja etc. His MDs were also little known. However, Music Director A.R.Qureshi ( the famous Tabla Nawaz Alla Rakha-father of Zakir Hussain) gave music to his 18 films.
He never mixed with film folks and spent his life aloof. He quietly died on 29-12-1980 at Bombay.

The story of film Arab ka Sitara-46 ( as given in the book) was…….

Anwar is a devout Muslim following 5 times Namaz, without fail. From a common soldier, he becomes Commander in Chief and then the king of his state. He is advised by his Vazier to go to neighbouring country to spread Islam. Accordingly, Anwar reaches that kingdom. Here he falls in love with the Princess Arifa. In his love she converts to Islam. When the king comes to know this, he arrests Arifa and Anwar. When Anwar is tortured for days, he exhibits his immense faith on Islam and The Allah. The king is impressed and he too coverts to Islam. Arifa and Anwar are married. Anwar forgets his 5 times Namaz in his joy and is punished immediately.

The Prime Minister rebels and with an army to support him, arrests Anwar, Arifa and the King. In the jail, Anwar starts his 5 times Namaz. A good hearted Namazi frees them. Anwar realises his mistakes and all of them strictly follow 5 times Namaz. All obstacles are removed, the rebels run away from the kingdom. The King is reinstated and all the kingdom is converted to Islam, thus Anwar proves the power of Namaz.

The cast of the film was Amirbai Karnataki, Prakash, Cuckoo, Rafiq, Ansari, Agha Shapoor etc etc. The song is sung by Rafi and Amirbai Karnataki with gusto and it had become quite popular among the Muslims in that period.


Song-Macha di dhoom duniya mein Islaam ke deewanon ne (Arab Ka Sitaara)(1946) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-S Qureshy
Rafi + Amirbai Karnataki

Lyrics

Macha di dhoom duniya mein
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan
mita ke kufr ki hasti
ee ee ee ee ee
basa ke ae
jalwon ki basti
ee ee ee
haan aan aan aan
mita ke kufr ki hasti
ee ee
basa ke ae
jalwon ki basti
ee ee ee ee ee ee
jala di noor ki shama
jala di noor ki shama
tauheed ke parwaanon ne
jala di noor ki shama
tauheed ke parwaanon ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaano ne
Macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan
jhanda ye sabz rang ka
aa aa aa aa
bajta hai jiska danka
aa aa aa
jhanda ye sabz rang ka
bajta hai jiska danka
aawaaz sun ke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
aawaaz sunke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
aawaaz sunke jiski
dhun sabko laagi rab ki
padha kalma Muhammad ka
padha kalma Muhammad ka
insaanon ne be-deenon ne
padha kalma Muhammad ka
insaanon ne be-deenon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein

haan aan aan aan aan
zameen pe jab hua gul
la ilaaha il lallah
sitaaron se jawaab aaya
Muhammad ya rasool allah
kya
macha di dhoom duniya mein
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
islaam ke deewaanon ne
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein
islaam ke deewaanon ne
macha di dhoom duniya mein


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3885 Post No. : 14912

Today’s song is a rare song( difficult to get) from film Bhanwara-44, starring K L Saigal.

I have been writing on old films and its music since more than 6 years now, but I have never written on any song of a film featuring Saigal and his songs. I had never planned it that way. Actually, I am also a fan of Saigal. Probably it so happened that I found that there were “better’ people to write on Saigal and I coolly left it at that. Our Sudhir ji has done great justice to Saigal songs- film and Non film- with his detailed and emotional articles. These were lapped up by our readers and praise was heaped on every article of his on this topic. Comments on those songs are a testimony to this.

Now there are no Saigal songs left in any film uncovered nor are there any of his popular films without full coverage of all songs. However, few films have few other non K L Saigal songs still to be covered. Today’s song is one such song. This song is a rare song, opines Sadanand ji – the uploader of this song.

K L Saigal (11-4-1904 to 18-1-1947) started his film career with Muhabbat ke aansoo-32 and ended it with Parwana-1947. Most of his career was pursued in Calcutta, primarily with New Theatres and at the end of his life, he did 7 films in Bombay. 2 films each had music by Khemchand Prakash and Lal Mohammed, and 1 film each by Gyan Dutt, Naushad and Khursheed Anwar.

Film Bhanwara-44 was a quickie made by Ranjit within a span of just 9 days, using up the balance period days of Saigal’s contract with Ranjit. The film was directed by his old friend Kidar Sharma. The film had music by Khemchand Prakash. The songs were written by Kidar Sharma, Swami Ramanand and Pt. Indra. The cast of the film was Saigal, Arun Ahuja, Kamla Chatterjee, Monica Desai, lala Yaqub, Brijmala, Kesari etc etc.

Arun Ahuja was a favourite of Sagar, Mehboob and Ranjit. His real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja-born on 26-1-1918. He was a science graduate from Lahore in 1937. Director Mehboob was interviewing candidates for his new film. From among the shortlisted 100 candidates, Mehboob was impressed with the personality of Arun Ahuja and he was selected to be one of the Heros in film Ek hi Rasta-1939, made by Mehboob for Sagar Movietone. In this film Arun even sang a duet with Maya Banerjee. The film was so successful that Arun became a Hit Hero overnight. Next came Civil marriage-40, Bhole Bhale-40 and his life’s best film Aurat-40

In 1942, while doing film Savera with a new comer Nirmala, he fell in her love and they got married. Arun went on doing roles in about 30 films in his career till his last film Aulad-54. He had produced a film, which was a total flop. He had heavy loss and had to sell off his Bungalow in Bombay and go to a chawl in far off suburb-Virar to live in a rented flat. Arun had 3 daughters and 2 sons- actor/producer Kirti kumar and superstar Govinda. To maintain family, his wife acted and sang in stage shows till her last. Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998.

Film Bhanwara had a one film old Heroine Monica Desai- who was called from Calcutta by Kidar Sharma. He knew her well earlier,from Calcutta.
Monica Desai was a famous Indian actress during 1930’s and 40’s. She was the daughter of Dr. Umedram Lalbhai Desai and Satyabhama Devi, a well-known musician of the early 20th Century. Her father was a Gujarati, and her mother hailed from Bihar. Her father who was a reputed Doctor of that period died in the year 1930.
Monica Desai first worked for Bangla movie ‘Nimai Sanyasi’ which released in the year 1940. She was an actress who represented the era of upcoming character actresses like Leela Mishra, Ram Dulari, who made debut along with her and later ruled the Indian screen.

Monica Desai acted under the direction of Phani Majumdar and Kidar Nath Sharma. She did not concentrate much on acting as she got married to Phani Majumdar, a pioneering Indian film director, who worked in Hindi cinema. Phani Majumdar is known for Meena Kumari’s classic film ‘Aarti’ (1962), and ‘Oonche Log’ (1965). Monica Desai had a sister named Leela Desai, who was a renowned actress in Hindi and Bengali cinema. Leela Desai has even acted in the film ‘Kapal Kundala’ (1939) directed by Phani Majumdar. After completion of the venture, Phani Majumdar married Monica Desai.

Monica acted with Prithviraj Kapoor in her career, in film Gauri. ‘Gauri’ was an Indian Bollywood film that was the seventh highest grossing Indian film of 1943 and this established Monica Desai as an actress. Later, she featured in a film ‘Devdasi’ as a heroine that was also top seven grossing film at the Indian box office in 1945. She appeared in the film ‘ Chitralekha’ which was the second-highest grossing Indian film of 1941, in this movie, she portrayed the character of Yasodhara.

This film also was a debut film for actor Bharat Bhushan, who later achieved fame with ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952). Monica Desai had also acted with a legendary actor and singer K. L Saigal.

Monica worked in only 9 Hindi films- Qaidi-40, Chitralekha-41, Bhakta Surdas-42, Gauri-43, Bhanwara-44, Lakharani-45, Devdasi-45, Rangeen Zamana-48 and Vikram Shashikala-49.

The screenplay and direction of Bhanwara-44 was by Kidar Sharma. This was a social comedy film. Saigal was never known for comedy acts. In fact, it was a new experience for him, since this was only a comedy dominated love story without any sad songs-hallmark of Saigal’s popular songs,done by him so far.

Saigal shifted to Bombay in December-1941 for two reasons. One- Ranjit had offered him a very lucrative offer ( One lakh per movie, according to one source) and secondly most of his friends like Prithviraj kapoor, K N Singh, Kidar Sharma etc had shifted to Bombay. Further, the atmosphere in New Theatres was nowadays polluted and vitiated with Ego clashes, financial difficulties and new entrants to replace the vacancies. Saigal was uncomfortable with all this.

In Bombay, Saigal met all his old friends and he had a gala time with them. In 1944 itself he went back to Calcutta to complete film ‘My Sister’. Then again he went in 1945 to do film ‘Kurukshetra’. This was perhaps his last visit, as he became very busy in 45 and 46 in Bombay. In early 1947, in his visit to his hometown, Saigal breathed his last, luckily amidst his family members.

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

The film had 11 songs. 7 songs are already discussed here. The remaining songs are difficult to get as they are not uploaded on the Net yet, Record collectors, of course, have them. Today’s song is also one such rare song. It is a duet of Amirbai and Arunkumar Mukherjee.

This song can be considered an example of an unusual coincidence. It is like Shyamkumar singing for Shyam in Dillagi. This song is an example of an even rare coincidence. This song finds one Arunkumar (Mukherjee) singing for another Arunkumar (Ahuja)…..and a third Arunkumar
(Deshmukh) writing about it !


Song- Mann ki baazi haar chuke to preet ki baazi jeet (Bhanwra)(1944) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Arun Kumar Mukherji, Lyrics- Kidar Sharma, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Mann ki baazi haar chuke to
preet ki baazi jeet
Mann ki baazi haar chuke to
preet ki baazi jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet
saajan ki har baat niraali
ee ee
ee ee

saajan ki har baat niraali
ee ee
ee ee

chitwan ki
ee ee
chitwan ki har aas niraali
ee ee

ee ee
ee ee

chitwan ki
ee ee
chitwan ki har aas niraali
ee ee

ee ee
ee ee

khel raha hai aankh michauli
aankh michauli
michauli
michauli
aankh michauli
michauli
michauli
khel raha hai aankh michauli
man se man ka meet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet

phir aayin ghanghor ghataayen
aen aen
phir aayin ghanghor ghataayen
aen aen
mor papeehe shor machaayen
ae ae ae ae
mor papeehe
mor papeehe
mor papeehe
shor machaayen
phooli nahin samaati kaliyaan
sun bhanwron ke geet
phooli nahin samaati kaliyaan
sun bhanwron ke geet

jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet

man ki baaazi ee


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16060

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Movies with all their songs covered =1232
Total Number of movies covered =4388

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