Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Sabita Devi Songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4735 Post No. : 16456 Movie Count :

4469

Today’s song is from the film Lagna Bandhan-1936. The film was made by Sagar Film company. The director was K.P. aka Kaliprasad Ghosh- who was a master in directing Silent Films. Film Shehar ka Jaadu-1934 was his Debut film for a Talkie version of films. After this film he directed one more film for Sagar, Lagna Bandhan-36 and then he left for Bengal.

His most important contribution to Hindi films of Bombay was that he convinced Motilal to join films, when he had come to the studio, with a friend, only to watch the shooting of a film. Ghosh spotted Motilal, who had a very impressive personality, and talked him into joining the films. K.P.Ghosh was also a writer. This film’s story, dialogues and Screenplay was done by him only. We do not know who was the Lyricist of the 8 songs of this film. The Music Director was Pransukh Nayak, an old timer expert in music for stage dramas in Gujarati. He started giving music to Hindi Talkie films with Sati Sone-1932. He composed 293 songs in 26 films. His last film as a Composer was film Kulvadhu-1937 from Sagar film company.

In those days, there was a Studio system, in which various artistes in different departments of filmmaking used to be paid servants of a studio. For composing music to Hindi films, the first composer in Sagar was S.P.Rane- a Marathi Manoos from Baroda, Gujarat. He gave music to almost 15 films here. Then came Pransukh Nayak. He gave music to 10 films. He was followed by Anil Biswas, who gave music to 12 films of Sagar and 2 films of National, before joining Bombay Talkies.

The film was released on 18-11-1936 in Roxy Cinema, Bombay. The cast of the film was Sabita Devi, Motilal, Azuri, Sankatha Prasad, Aruna Devi, Leelavati, Bhudo Advani, Ansari and many others. Though the film was labeled as ” Social” in HFGK, looking at the story, one finds that it was a costume drama spinning a story of King, Queen and the wicked Vazir etc stuff, combined with a love story. Such stories originated from the fertile imaginations of the Story Departments or the story writers. The story of the film as per the booklet is….

Yudhajit (Sankata Prasad) is the outlawed brother of the king of Udaynagar. Before he left the palace, he had stolen the elder of the Twin sons of the king to be killed for revenge. However, looking at the sweet baby, he decides to bring up the boy to be used for revenge afterwards. He grows up into a handsome Indrajeet (Motilal). His brother Shatrujit-in the Royal palace- falls prey to a dancer-Najma (Azuri) and becomes a drunkard.

Rajnagar princess Chandra (Sabita Devi) is due to marry drunkard Shatrujit. To avoid this she tries to escape from the palace guised as a Dasi-Nanda. Meanwhile Indrajeet is sent there to kidnap the princes, before marriage. They meet accidentally and fall in love wishfully. After singing a few love duets in a few days, Indrajeet returns empty handed. Yudhjeet plans that Inderjeet takes the place of Shatrujeet at the time of marriage. Reluctantly he agrees.

On the day of marriage, in any case, Shatrujeet is so drunk that he is not in a state to stand for marriage. The Dewan (Ansari) finds Indrajeet who, being a Twin, looks similar. He is caught and produced for marriage as Shtrujeet. The marriage takes place. Both the Groom and Bride see each other and are very happy. However soon the reality is declared. There is a fight in the armies of Yudhajeet and the King, in which Yudhajeet dies. Before dying he reveals the secret of the brothers to the king and others ( audience, anyway knows this before them !). All is well that has already ended well !

The film had the popular pair of Sabita Devi and Motilal. They acted as Lead Pair in 8 films of Sagar and 2 films of Sudama films of Sarvottam Badami, who had directed the pair in 5 films earlier in Sagar.

The real name of Sabita Devi was IRINA MAUDE GASPER. She was an Anglo-Indian, born in an affluent family of Calcutta, on 20-7-1914.

After completing education she wanted to join films, but her family objected. Without the family’s knowledge, she sent her resume and Photo to British Dominion Film Co., owned by Dhiren Ganguly in Calcutta. When they informed their consent the family resisted and kept her locked in the house. She fell ill and finally, the family conceded to her wish.

Her first Silent film was Flames of Flesh-1930. Then came Kanthahaar, A touch of Love, After the death, Aparadhi, Money makes what not and Bhagyalaxmi as silent films.

When the talkie came, she determinedly learnt Hindustani and Urdu and also Music.

She’s stated to have influenced P. C. Barua, who had joined the Board Of the British Dominion Film Company and acted in a few silent films, to start his own company. According to sources, “He was inspired to become independent”. After his return to Calcutta from Paris, Barua set up the Barua Film Unit. The first film under this banner was Aparadhi (1931), directed by Debaki Bose, with Sabita cast as the heroine. The film went on to become a “critical success”.

Her first Talkie film was Radhakrishna-33, in which she sang 16 out of 23 songs in the film, but no records were made. Next was Ek din ka Badshah-33. She shifted to Bombay for better opportunities. In 1934,came Shahar ka Jaadu,with Motilal as a debut actor and this film was a Hit. Later she and Motilal became a popular pair.

Sabita Devi and Motilal’s first movie as a pair in the famous Sagar Movietone, the movie Lure of the City (aka Shaher ka Jadoo) released on 29 th September 1934 at the Imperial Cinema Bombay. This movie was directed by Kaliprasad Ghosh and music was composed by K.C.Dey (the blind singer). Cast : Sabita Devi, Motilal, M.Kumar, K.C.Dey and Kamalabai.

This was the sound debut of Kaliprasad Ghosh at Sagar after a few successful movies directed in the silent era. Mehboob Khan was earlier selected for the lead role and was later replaced by Motilal. This was actor Motilal’s debut film and Motilal – Sabita made the best couple of the Sagar Film Company since then in many other movies under the banner of the Sagar such as, Silver King (1935), Dr Madhurika (1935), Lagna Bandhan (1936), Jeevan Lata (1939), Kulvadhu (1937), Kokila (1937), three hundred days and after (1938) and later in Films Ap Ki Marzi (1939) and Prarthana (1944).

She did many films. Her some films were- 300 days and after, Apki marzi, kokila, Kulvadhu, Amrapali, Ladies only, Chandragupta, Chingari, Dr.madhurika, grihalaxmi, holiday in bombay, Jeevan Lata, King for a day, Lagna bandhan, Manmaani, , Phantom Of the hills, Silver king, vengeance is mine, Village Girl etc etc. In all, she acted in 23 Talkie films and sang 15 recorded songs in 7 films. She was a good Piano and Harmonium player.In later days in 1943 onwards, she stopped singing herself. Her last picture was Amrapali-45.

She was one of the earliest female artists to write about film acting as a decent profession for ladies from respectable families. In a letter to the Filmland English weekly, November 1931 issue, titled “Why Shouldn’t Respectable Ladies Join the Films”, she countered claims of immorality and low moral standards of producers and directors, raised by an anonymous actress in the September 1931 issue, “Should Respectable Ladies Join Films”. She stated that “the attitude a man takes towards a woman is governed by the latter’s own integrity, by her actions, words and manner”. She went on to state that people had a “mid-victorian conception” of women on stage and that “A Lady Artiste” was perhaps herself to blame for any unwanted advances.

She was the highest paid actress of the 1930s and the magnet of attracting audiences for the movies made by the Sagar Movietone. Lure of the City (1933), Phantom of the Hills (1934), Educated Wife (1934), Vengeance Is Mine (1934), Silver King (1935), Dr Madhurika or Modern Wife (1935),Lagna Bandhan or Forbidden Bride (1936), Village Girl (1936), The Creeper of Life or Jivan Lata (1936), Kokila (1937), Kulavadhu (1937), Three-hundred Days and After (1938), Ladies Only (1938) are the hit movies she made under the banner of the Sagar Movietone in most opposite Motilal. Sabita- Motilal became a finest and most romantic couple in mid 1930 s . In 1939 she started working in Sudama Pictures and produced movies Aap Ki Marzi (1939), Chingari (1940), Sajni (1940),and Holiday in Bombay (1941). Thereafter she did lead roles in Fashion (1943) , Prarthana (1943) and Amrapali (1945).

In 1946, she got married and left for England. She came back again only to die in Calcutta on 11-3-1965.

With today’s song, film Lagna Bandhan-1936 will make its Debut on this Blog.


Song-Nis din Shyam Shyam japati (Lagna Bandhan)(1936) Singer- Sabita devi, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Pransukh Nayak

Lyrics

Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati
main apne piyaa par jaan maan shaan arpan karti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati
main apne piyaa par jaan maan shaan arpan karti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati

prem nadi hriday uchhalti
prem nadi hriday uchhalti
hansti khelti ramti
hansti khelti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati
main apne piyaa par jaan maan shaan arpan karti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati

kaisi sooratiyaa pyaari
main hoon bani matwaari
more jiya ko laga ?? chaab nyaari
man tadpat larjat(?) waari
jaaun waari o bihari
piya charan pe tan man harti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati
main apne piyaa par jaan maan shaan arpan karti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati
main apne piyaa par jaan maan shaan arpan karti
Nis din Shyam Shyam Japati


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3462 Post No. : 13893

Going back happily to my favourite decade of the 30’s, here is a song from film ‘Dr. Madhurika’ (1935).

This film was made by Sagar Movietone. 1935 was a period of the early talkie films and the film business was slowly developing into an industry. In the 2-3 years, prior to the advent of sound, the news was already in the air about the silent films soon to start talking and singing on the screen.

This prompted enterprising entrepreneurs to jump onto the film making wagon and establish their set ups as film producing units. The start of Prabhat Film company in Kolhapur in 1929, the beginning of Ranjit Movietone in 1929 and Sagar Movietone in 1931 was a result of this. That way Kohinoor, Imperial, New Theatres, Maharashtra Film Co. and many others were already in this business. Bombay Talkies started in 1934.

All these production companies needed people. Actors, directors, cameramen, musicians, writers and other technicians were needed. In the initial stage of the Indian films,whether silent or talkie,it was difficult to get girls from good families and background. Slowly this picture changed. When talkies started, many tawaifs – singing girls and girls from such families joined films as they fulfilled the requirement of singing and looking good, in addition to their ease on Hindi/Urdu language. At this time slowly many educated and girls from high society as well as middle class families started joining films. So,to distinguish these women from each others, a system of nomenclature was followed. All the girls coming from ‘singing’ families and tawaif background added the suffix ‘Bai’ to their names, like Jaddanbai, Waheedan bai, Zohrabai, Amirbai etc. The Anglo-Indian and middle class girls took the prefix of ‘ Miss’ like, Miss Moti, Miss Rose, Miss Tara, Miss Ajmat, Miss Pearl etc.Those girls who were from high society were called Devi, like Sabita Devi, Padma Devi, Renuka Devi etc. All Marathi actresses used their full names like Shanta Apte, Minaxi Shirodkar, Leela Chitnis, Snehprabha Praadhan, Durga Khote etc.

The studios, on their part, tried to develop their own staff by recruiting talented artistes. Each studio had their own set of artistes. Sagar Movietone developed and promoted their actors like Motilal, NM Charlie, Kumar, Yaqub, Bhudo Advani, Sheikh Mukhtar, Surendra, VH Desai, Kanhaiyalal etc., actresses like Bibbo, Waheedan Bai, Jyoti, Nalini Jaywant, Maya Banerjee, Sabita Devi etc., directors like Ezra Mir, Mehboob, Sarvottam Badami, Zia Sarhadi, Ramchandra Thakur etc., and cinematographer – Faredoon Irani, music director – Anil Biswas. They were all referred to as ‘Jewels of Sagar’.

The film ‘Dr. Madhurika’ had Motilal and Sabita Devi as its lead pair and it was directed by Sarvottam Badami. A director of Hindi, Telugu and Tamil films, Sarvottam Badami was born in Channapatna, Karnataka. He was the son of a revenue officer in Mysore. As a young man, he worked as motor mechanic and handyman in a garage owned by Ambalal Patel. (Even Gulzar was a motor mechanic before entering films). Later he worked as a projector operator at Patel’s Select Pictures cinema in Bangalore.

When Patel partnered with Ardeshir Irani and Chimanlal Desai in launching Sagar Movietone (1930), Badami, as the only available South Indian in the Bombay studio, was allowed to finish ‘Harishchandra’ and ‘Galava Rishi’ and went on to direct the Telugu ‘Paduka Pattabhishekham’. He made several social films at Sagar, usually starring Sabita Devi, including some of novelist KM Munshi’s best-known scripts, e.g. ‘Dr. Madhurika’, ‘Vengeance is Mine’ (1935). He also adapted Hollywood films, e.g. ‘Aap Ki Marzi’ (1939), based on E. Buzzell’s ‘Paradise For Three’ (1938). He followed his mentor, Patel, to Sudama Pics. in 1939 when Sagar merged to become National Films. He worked in Famous Cine Labs (1946-48). He then moved to Films Divisiion (1948-52) as the Chief Producer (Newsreel), and made documentaries. He left Films Division in 1954 and became an industrialist based in Bangalore; and an adviser to the Kamani industrial group.

Filmography:
1932 – ‘Harishchandra’; ‘Galava Rishi’; ‘Paduka Pattabhishekham’; ‘Shakuntala’
1933 – ‘Chandrahasa’
1934 – ‘Grihalakshmi’
1935 – ‘Dr. Madhurika’; ‘Vengeance is Mine’;
1936 – ‘Jeevan Lata’; ‘Gram Kanya’;
1937 – ‘Kokila’; ‘Kulvadhu’;
1938 – ‘Three Hundred Days and After’;
1939 – ‘Aap Ki Marzi’; ‘Ladies Only’;
1940: – ‘Chingari’; ‘Sajani’;
1941 – ‘Holiday in Bombay’;
1942 – ‘Khilona’;
1943 – ‘Prarthana’;
1944 – ‘Bhagya Lakshmi’;
1945 – ‘Ramayani’;
1946 – ‘Uttara Abhimanyu’;
1947 – ‘Manmaani’;
1951 – ‘Vinoba Bhave’ (Doc);
1952 – ‘Roof Over The Head’

[Ed Note: The above bio-sketch is adapted from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema.]

Sagar Movietone produced many social films. These films had a soft message that morality is a commitment to society, but these films were disguised as ‘reformist’ films. ‘Dr. Madhurika’ was written as a script by Kanhaiyalal Maneklal Munshi (K.M.Munshi). It was one of his rare original scripts. Later it was adapted into a drama in 1936. Though the story was admired, it was criticised by some feminists of those days, who understood the disguise of reformation. The story of film Dr. Madurika is,

Dr. Madhurika (Sabita Devi) is a modern woman dedicated to her profession. She marries Narendra (Motilal) on conditions that 1. He forgets the idea of having children because she advocates birth control to limit population control of the country and 2. He does not interfere with her profession or her choice of friends and their meetings.

While following profession, she neglects her home and also provokes husband’s jealousy by being very friendly with a very smart colleague, Dr. Gaurish (Pesi Patel). Narendra is very jealous. By coincidence, he meets the wife of Dr. Gaurish and learns that she too is sad because of husband’s neglect and resents his friendship with Dr. Madhurika. Narendra starts meeting her often and they become friendly. Meanwhile Narendra also helps a poor and needy good looking girl Indu (Padma Shaligram), who reciprocates with gratitude and meets him often.

Dr. Madhurika is now jealous of Narendra’s attention to these two women. She realises that this is all due to her neglect towards Narendra. She decides to become a dutifully domesticated traditional housewife and all ends well. (647).

The film was yet another feather in the success of Sabita Devi. The real name of Sabita Devi was Irina Gasper. She was an Anglo-Indian, born in an affluent family of Calcutta, in 1914.

After completing education she wanted to join films, but her family objected. Without family’s knowledge, she sent her resume and photo to British Dominion Film Co., owned by Dhiren Ganguly in Calcutta. When they informed their consent the family resisted and kept her locked in the house. She fell ill and finally, the family conceded to her wishes.

Her first film was ‘Flames of Flesh’ (1930). Then came ‘Kanthahaar’, ‘A touch of Love’, ‘After the Death’, ‘Aparadhi’, ‘Money Makes What Not’ and ‘Bhagyalaxmi’ as silent films.

When the talkies came, she determinedly learnt Hindustani and Urdu and also music. She was a good piano and harmonium player. Her first talkie film was ‘Radha Krishna’ in 1933. In this film she sang 16 out of 23 songs in the film. In 1934, came ‘Shahar Ka Jaadu’, opposite to Motilal as a debut actor. The film was a hit. Later she and Motilal became a popular  pair.

Later she joined East India Co. and did many films with them. In later days i.e. 1943 onward, she stopped singing herself. Her last pictures were ‘Amrapali’ (1945) and ‘Manmaani’ (1947). In 1946, she got married and left for England. She returned to Calcutta in 1965, and passed away the same year.

A list of her films – ‘Radha Krishna’, ‘King For A Day’, ‘Shehar Ka Jaadu’, ‘Phantom Of The Hills’, ‘Grihlaxmi’, ‘Chandragupta’, ‘Vengence Is Mine’, ‘Silver King’, ‘Dr. Madhurika’, ‘Village Girl’, ‘Lagna Bandhan’, ‘Jeevan Lata’, ‘Kulvadhu’, ‘Kokila’, ‘300 Days And After’, ‘Ladies Only’, ‘Aap Ki Marzi’, ‘Sajni’, ‘Chingari’, ‘Holiday In Bombay’, ‘Prarthana’, ‘Fashion’, ‘Amrapali’ and ‘Manmaani’.

The film has 9 songs, all written by Prof. Waqif and tuned by music director Pransukh M Nayak. Nayak came to Sagar from Imperial. Starting with ‘Madhuri’ (1932), he composed music for almost 25 films. The songs of ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936) composed by him and sung by Surendra (debut film), were very popular and famous.

With this song, the film ‘Dr. Madhurika’ makes its debut on our blog. The film’s songs are not available on You Tube. I got this song from the collection of Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji. It is hosted on Dr. Surjit Singh ji’s site. Thanks to them both.


Song – Mori Pyaari Pyaari Gaiya Aur Doodh Ki Tu Dilvaiya (Dr Madhurika) (1935) Singers – Sabita Devi, Lyrics – Prof Waqif, MD – Pransukh M Naayak

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

mori pyaari pyaari gaiya
mori pyaari pyaari gaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
dilvaiya
pyaari gaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
pyaari gaiya
mori pyaari pyaari gaiya

aa chal tujhko chai pilaaun
bhookhi ho to cake khilaaun
laadli aai meri gaiya
meri gaiya
pyaari gaiya
laadli aai meri gaiya
meri gaiya
pyaari gaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
dilvaiya
pyaari gaiya
mori pyaari pyaari gaiya

aa chal tujhko saadi (??) banwaaun
patli chonch ka boot dilaawun
tujh par bal bal jaiya
bal jaiya
pyaari gaiya
tujh par bal bal jaiya
bal jaiya
pyaari gaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
aur doodh ki tu dilvaiya
dilvaiya
pyaari gaiya
mori pyaari pyaari gaiya

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

मोरी प्यारी प्यारी गईय्या
मोरी प्यारी प्यारी गईय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
दिलवइय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
मोरी प्यारी प्यारी गईय्या

आ चल तुझको चाय पिलाऊँ
भूखी हो तो केक खिलाऊँ
लाड़ली आई मेरी गईय्या
मेरी गईय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
लाड़ली आई मेरी गईय्या
मेरी गईय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
दिलवइय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
मोरी प्यारी प्यारी गईय्या

आ चल तुझको सादी (??) बनावूँ
पतली चोंच का बूट दिलावूँ
तुझ पर बल बल जईय्या
बल जईय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
तुझ पर बल बल जईय्या
बल जईय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
और दूध की तू दिलवइय्या
दिलवइय्या
प्यारी गईय्या
मोरी प्यारी प्यारी गईय्या


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered =4483

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