Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Biography of singer’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3742 Post No. : 14696

Today’s song is from a film called ‘Parakh’ (1944). This is a special song. It is a song sung by singer Ira Nigam. The song was written by Pt.Sudarshan and the music was by Khursheed Anwar. The cast of the film was Mehtab, Balwant Singh, Yakub, Shahnawaz, kaushalya, Sadiq Ali and others.

Ever since film making progressed and was seen as a job-provider, it attracted people from all over India. Unemployed but ambitious youngsters ran away from their hometowns to Bombay, with dreams in their eyes. As the industry got organised, those who were already working here either called or brought their other kins. Some impatient parents came themselves with their daughters. Due to poverty, examples of the entire family coming to Bombay and all joining the film industry were also seen-like Alla Bux, Iqbal Bano, Meena Kumari and her two sisters. Also seen earlier was Fatima and her three daughters and a step daughter-Mehtab. Some mothers or Grandmothers(Suraiya and Vyjayantimala) chaperoned their star children, while some fathers (like Madhubala’s) squeezed the best out of their child’s earnings (hell with her happiness !). In general,however it was the male part of the family which took charge of the actor or actress in film line.

If one sees the world history, one will find that most nations have changed culture wise and they have adapted themselves to the modern times and needs. Thus,things which were taboo a century ago are not taboo anymore. U.K. accepts jokes and cartoons on its royalty now,whereas hundred years ago, person would have been hanged in public for doing the same. USA can today tolerate parody of Christ and Christianity whereas hundred years ago the person would have been dead.

But our country has not changed its basic culture in spite of hundreds of years. Barring few exceptions, that too, in hi-fi society, Indian women are still ruled by the whims and dictates of males. When women from educated families entered the film industry, it looked like our women are liberated, but alas ! even in the film industry women are ruled by males.

A seemingly rebellious star of yesteryear – Shanta Apte – had to accept her own brother as husband in a film because she was not allowed to be touched by other males, by him. Unfortunately, her brother not only managed her film affairs, but also gave her a daughter. All this is recorded and declared by her daughter herself. She too became an actress in Marathi drama and films.

The most daring and courageous star of the 1940s – Meenakshi Shirodkar – who stunned everybody by donning a swimsuit and bathing in the waters of a river openly, in ‘Bramhachari’ (1938), had to give up her acting career midway because her husband refused to allow her to do any roles other than heroine.

Who knows how many women had to forego opportunities in film line only because their men-folk would not allow.

Today we will talk about a singer who had to forego wonderful opportunities in playback singing in Hindi films, first because of her father and then because of her husband. These days she only recalls and weeps.

Ira Nigam (NOT Ira Nagrath – wife of Roshan. She was different person) was born in October 1930 in Seoni (M.P.) in her mother’s maayeka. She had a God given gift of singing. She was educated in Delhi and Shanti Niketan. Her father Hriday Narayan Nigam was a singer himself. With his help she started singing on AIR Delhi. She completed her graduation in music form DU.

Her voice was sweet and melodious. Roshan, who was also working in AIR Delhi, one day brought the famous composer Khurshid Anwar to her house. They convinced her father to allow her to sing in films. She was so lucky to sing her first song in ‘Parakh’, under the baton of Khurshid Anwar. She was only 14 years old then. Here her father put a condition that only he will sing duets with her and no other male. Due to this strange condition, she got only one more film ‘Asmat’ (1944) and they had to go back to Delhi.

Ira got married meantime and came back to Bombay again in 1948. This time with her husband P.N. Nigam.

Harmandir Hamraaz, who interviewed her in Kanpur in Aug 1984 says that she wept when she told him that as her husband did not like her work in Hindi films, she had to give up singing after doing just 5 films. She did not have her own song records also. It was Hamraaz ji, who met her again and gave her those records. She was very happy.

She sang in ‘Rakhi’ (1949), ‘Chaar Din’ (1949), ‘Ek Teri Nishani’ (1949), ‘Veer Ghatotkach’ (1949) and last film ‘Guru Dakshina’ (1950). There were hundreds of singing offers to her when she left Bombay second time. First it was due to father and next it was due to husband, who cut short a melodious singing career. However, while in Kanpur and Delhi, she sang on A.I.R. and Television.

If you take 100 actors/actresses who worked in films, 20% will be the hero/heroines. The rest 80 % comprise of character actors, comedians, villains etc. Even out of the 20 % lead players, very few – like Dilip, Dev Anand or Amitabh – last as heroes till the end of careers but most others end up as character actors. Some examples are Pran, K N Singh, Om Prakash, Sunder Singh etc etc. Some actors do character roles from start to finish of their careers- like Nazir Hussain, Kanhaiyalal, C S Dubey, Tiwari etc. Some actors, though endowed with good face and personality, could not get a hero’s role and did character roles throughout.

One such actor was Shahnawaz Khan, known only as Shah Nawaz. He was born on 18-9-1906 in Hyderabad Deccan. His father was a Major in Hyderabad’s Nizam Army. During education, he used to act in dramas. After matriculation, he joined a Govt. service in Hyderabad state. He was however keen on joining films and dramas. After 5 years, he left the job and started a motor car business. In that connection, he would visit Bombay and try his luck at different studios. Finally, his efforts bore fruit and he got a villain’s role in film ‘Bharat Ka Laal’ (1936), in which he was listed as S. Nawaz. It was a stunt film made by the Kadam brothers (Harischandra Rao and Chandra Rao Kadam), with Master Bhagwan as the hero.

After this, he did not go back to Hyderabad. Then came ‘Daulat’ (1937), ‘Toofani Khazana’ (1937), ‘Rangila Mazdoor’ (1938), ‘Jungle King’ (1939), ‘Sardar’ (1940) etc. In 1940, he joined Bombay Talkies and worked in films. He was apparently in Devika Rani’s camp. He was in ‘Punarmilan’ (1940),’Bandhan’ (1940), ‘Jhoola’ (1941), ‘Naya Sansar’ (1941), ‘Kismet’ (1943) and ‘Hamari Baat’ (1943). He also worked in ‘Master ji’ (1943), ‘Police’, ‘Parakh’ and’ Anban’ (1944), ‘Zeenat’ and ‘Humayun’ (1945) and some more. In all, he did about 35 films in India. In or around 1948, Shahnawaz migrated to Pakistan. He was welcomed there. He did 41 films in Pakistan (32 Urdu and 9 Punjabi). Some films were quite famous like ‘Aansoo’ (1950), ‘Sassi’ (1954), ‘Ayyaz’ (1960) etc.

Shahnawaz died in Karachi on 18-6-1971. His last released film was ‘Nek Parveen’ (1975).

Another actor was Sadiq Ali. He was born on 6-10-1911 at Jullundhar, Punjab. His 2 cousins- Wazir Ali and Nazir Ali were famous Indian cricketers. Sadiq Ali completed his engineering degree and worked in M.E.S. at Kanpur (Military Engg. Services). Due to strong desire to work in films and dramas, he resigned from his job after 5 years and joined Agha Hashr’s drama company. When the company was closed, he joined The Burma Imperial Film Company at Rangoon. After few small roles, he came down to Bombay.

After working in some smaller companies, he joined Minerva Movietone. Starting with ‘Khan Bahadur’ (1937), he worked in Minerva’s ‘Pukar’ (1939), ‘Sikandar’ (1941), ‘Phir Milenge’ (1942), ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ (1943), ‘Parakh’ (1944) (only directed by Modi) and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945). In all he acted in 23 films. His last film was ‘Ever Ready’ (1946). After partition, he migrated to Pakistan. Unfortunately, he got killed in a riot in Karachi in 1947 itself.

Let us now enjoy the song from this film.

(Credits- Listener’s Bulletin no.s 58 and 59, Prof. Yadav’s book, Film Directory, HFGK, and my notes)


Song-Saajan wo din kaun thhe (Parakh)(1944) Singer-Ira Nigam, Lyrics-Pt Sudarshan, MD-Khursheed Anwar

Lyrics

saajan. . .
wo din kaun the
jab tum veena hum ta..aar
kismat phooti veena tooti
taar hui bekaar

bin saajan ke kaise nikle
mann ka meetha geet
bin saajan ke kaise nikle
mann ka meetha geet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet
jaldi jaldi beet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet

sukh mein tu pal bhar na thehre
laakh bithaaye tujh par pehre
dukh mein tu kaise dat jaave
dukh mein tu kaise dat jaave
kaisi teri reet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet

[kuchh kehne](?) ko dar dar bhatkun
piya ki nagri le chal mujhko
[kuchh kehne](?) ko dar dar bhatkun
piya ki nagri le chal mujhko
jis nagri mein jaa ke basaa hai
jis nagri mein jaa ke basaa hai
sunta(?) ho mann meet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet
jaise bhi tu beet
samay tu jaldi jaldi beet

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

साजन॰ ॰ ॰
वो दिन कौन थे
जब तुम वीणा हम ता॰॰आर
किस्मत फूटी वीणा टूटी
तार हुई बेकार

बिन साजन के कैसे निकले
मन का मीठा गीत
बिन साजन के कैसे निकले
मन का मीठा गीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत
जल्दी जल्दी बीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत

सुख में तू इक पल ना ठहरे
लाख बैठाएं तुझ पर पहरे
दुख में तू कैसे डट जावे
दुख में तू कैसे डट जावे
कैसी तेरी रीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत

[कुछ कहने](?) को दर दर भटकूँ
पिया की नगरी ले चल मुझको
[कुछ कहने](?) को दर दर भटकूँ
पिया की नगरी ले चल मुझको
जिस नगरी में जा के बसा है
जिस नगरी में जा के बसा है
सुनता(?) हो मन मीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत
जैसे भी तू बीत
समय तू जल्दी जल्दी बीत

Advertisements

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3724 Post No. : 14660 Movie Count :

4006

Today’s song is from a resoundingly flop film of its time, Rambaan-48. The film was made by Prakash Pictures of Bhatt Brothers, known for quality films of different Genres. During the early 40s, their Mythological films like Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 were extraordinarily successful. Film Rambaan was also directed by Vijay Bhatt-as usual- and the Music Director was Shankar rao Vyas, their favourite. The film story and dialogues were by Mohanlal Dave and Pt. Girish. Lyricists were Pt. Indra, Neelkanth Tiwari and Moti,B.A.( who was actually M.A.). The cast of the film was Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Umakant, Ramsingh, Chandramohan, Amirbai, Leela Mishra and many others.

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together for the first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After this film-Rambaan- Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese, Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame, popularity and the Box office returns, that the Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, treating them as Ram and Seeta.

Enthused with this fabulous response, Prakash were planning a third film on Ram and Seeta as a last film in the Trilogy of Ramayan Stories. They waited for a good five years and made Rambaan-48.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and widesread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 301 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number. Then what is the 301st version ?

301st is the version of the fertile imagination of the authors of the ” Story Departments” of Indian film companies. Even Prakash Pictures had its own department. The first two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya were mostly based on the original Valmiki Ramayan. For film Rambaan-48, however, the Bhatt brothers gave free hand to the story and dialogue writers, in order to include something new, for which the same audience will come to the theatres. This is where things went wrong. The novel changes and additions that Mohanlal Dave and Pt. Girish brought into the Ramayana story were ridiculous, which were rejected out right and were resented by the Indian viewers. The Cinematic liberty taken for a film is one thing and twisting and distorting an accepted historical story by the millions over centuries of generations is another thing.

I am sure, if only Valmiki was to watch this film, he would have jumped from Everest or taken a Samadhi immediately ! Let us see what happened in the film, after all.

First and foremost, Shobhana Samarth was 8 month’s pregnant during the shooting of this film ( with her third daughter Chatura ) and it showed everytime she came on the screen. Could they not wait for another 6 months ? As such she was nearing her middle age-at 33 years- and it was obvious to everyone. Secondly, Prem Adib-two years younger than Shobhana, as it is- had put on lot of fat and seeing his open body with loose muscles, almost double chin and a face without freshness was a punishment for the senses.

The blue eyed handsome Chandramohan did the role of Ravan in this film. His characterisation of the role was made very ridiculous. Every now and then and in every scene, his ‘Taqia kalam” was rolling eyes like a drunken person and shouting ” Main Kaun “. Then giving the reply himself ” Main Ravan “. Actually, according to Valmiki and everyone else, Ravan was a very learned Brahmin, a peerless scientist, Veena player, a scholar on Vedas and a staunch devotee of lord Shiv. To make him look like a clown was very sad and disappointing indeed.

Shoorpnakha was actually married early, but her husband was killed by Ravan, in a battle. Ravan had made her a queen of Dandkaranya. In the film, her Swayamwar is shown. She rejects everyone and remains unmarried. This was undigestible to moviegoers who were familiar with the story of Ramayan.

Shabari katha is similarly distorted. In Valmiki Ramayana, after meeting Ram,Seeta and laxmana and giving them half eaten fruit, Shabri self immolates and goes to Heaven. In the film she first meets the three and after Seeta is abducted meets Ram again to inform him that she saw Ravan carrying Seeta in his plane. She also introduces Ram to all the Vanar leaders-Sugreev, Hanuman, Jambuwant etc.

There were many such New Discoveries, thanks to the writers, in this film. I remember in 1950, when this film came to Hyderabad, I had accompanied some old relatives and my Grandfather to this film. After coming back all were very angry. I don’t remember what exactly they had said, but I wrote in my diary ” the film was boring”.

Baburao Patel of Film India was not one to miss such an opportunity to pull up the director and producer. In the February 1949 issue, he had devoted three pages to the film, mostly tearing it apart, accusing the producers of tarnishing the Hindu religion. He only appreciated actor Umakant, who traditionally did the role of Laxman ( He did this role in 7 films in all) as a good and suitable actor. he even suggested him to be promoted as Ram, in their next film.

There is a name Ramsingh, in the film’s cast. The actor Ramsingh’s name is not very famous or well known, but in his times, he did Hero’s and Villain’s role in many films. Information about him was not available anywhere on the Internet till today. For the first time his information is appearing here today.His entry in films and life story is very interesting.

During the 1942 ‘Quit India’ movement, there was a riot in Allahabad. Police opened fire and along with several other people, Secretary of All University Students Union also was killed. Fearing a backlash from college students, the Government closed down all colleges and vacated Hostels. Two persons became homeless. One was Ramchandra Dwivedi- who later on became well known as Kavi Pradeep- and the other was Ramsingh- who became an actor.

After the riots, instead of informing his family about his welfare, Ramsingh left for Bombay and then to Poona, to become an actor. He was tall,fair and handsome. V.Shantaram hired him as an assistant in the studio. His family thought that he must have been killed in the riots and grieved, when he never returned.

One day one of the villagers came to their house and told excitedly, that he had seen a Hindi film and in that film, an actor looked exactly like Ramsingh. The family went to the town and saw the film. Lo and behold ! there he was. Looking just like Ramsingh. Anxiously a group of elders reached Prabhat Studio in Poona and inquired. The officials brought out their own son- Ramsingh before them !! Everyone was happy. It seems he did not contact his household just to avoid the Police investigations, as he too was an active participant in the agitation.

Ramsingh was born into a rich Zamindar family of village Ishanpur in Pratapgarh (U.P.), in 1920. After graduating, while doing his M.A. he joined films. His first film was Ramshastri-44, then came Chand-44, Lakhrani-45 and Hum ek hain-46….all Prabhat films. While in Prabhat, he became friendly with Dev Anand and Guru Dutt. In his later years, they gave him roles in their almost every film..

In his other films, Ramsingh worked with Heroine Ranjit Kumari ( real name Ranjit Kaur), to whom he got married later on. He was already married while in school and also had 3 children from his first wife. From the second marriage he got 4 children.

Ramsingh played Hero, Villain and character roles in 69 films. Some of his notable films were, besides 4 Prabhat films, Gaon-47, Shaheed-48, Khidki-49, Aparadhi-50 ( He was the Hero, opposite Madhubala), Sargam-50, Sangram-50, Shrimati ji-52, Jaal-52, Baaz-53 etc etc. In his later career, he only got insignificant roles in B and C grade films and Mythologicals. His last film was Sati Sulochana-69. ( 2 more films Veer Chhatrasaal-71 and Mere Bhaiya-72 were released after he left films).

Ramsingh returned to his native place with Ranjit Kumari and children in 1970 and started doing Agriculture. The U.P. Chief Minister H.N.Bahuguna was his classmate and a very good friend. Ramsingh approached him. Bahuguna, to help him, immediately established ” U.P. Film Corporation ” and made Ramsingh its Chairman. However, due to political turmoil in the country, Bahuguna left congress and joined Congress For Democracy, against Indira Gandhi. As a result the film corporation was wound up and Ramsingh returned to the fields again.

Ramsingh started drinking, against medical advise and died in 1984, in his village.

Shankar Rao Vyas gave a very sweet and melodious music. Today’s song, particularly, is the best of the 3 songs which I have heard. This song is sung by Shankar Dasgupta.

Born in 1927 in Bengal, Shankar Dasgupta started singing from childhood. He was a trained singer. In 1946,he got a break with Anil Biswas in his film Milan-46. His first song itself became very popular.

Then he sang in films like Anjana, Didi, Girl’s school, Jeet, Aahuti,Izzat, Do Raha etc. He sang about 63 songs in 39 films. he gave music to 4 films, Sadma, Sheeshe ki deewar, Hotel and Pehli mulaaqaat.

He assisted Anil Biswas and Jaidev for many years. He did work on TV and in News reviews too. He settled in England after retirement,but was active on TV there too.

On one of his routine visits to India in 1992, he met with a tragic accident on a Railway station in Bombay, on 23-1-1992 and died on the spot.

With this song, the film Rambaan (1948) makes its Debut on the Blog.

(Credits- thespeakingtree.com, bollymusings.com/cradle, kuch kalakar by Jawed Hamid, Filmindia-Feb-49, Prof. Yadav’s book, wiki and my notes)


Song-Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai (Raambaan)(1948) Singer-Shankar Dasgupta, Lyrics-Moti B A, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Uthh Lakhan lal priya bhai
Uthh Lakhan lal priya bhai
dasha tumhaari dekh Raam ki
ankhiyaan bhar bhar aayin
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Maat Pita Patni ki maaya
bhai ke kaaran sab bisraaya
chhod Ayodhya ka sukh tumne
jogi roop banaaya
jis bhai ke liye yudhh mein
praan ki baazi lagaayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

pahle mujhe khila phir khaate
aur sulaa kar sote
?? tumhaare kaun kabhi to
baad raam ke hote
swarg puri ke ?? se
pahle pahunchu(?) jaai
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Maat Kaushalya aur Sumitra
juwat(?) baantat waari
panthh herti haay Urmila
ki ankhiyaan bechaari
aankh moond ke huye tumhi kya
tanik daya na aayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai

Seeta Raavan ke ghar bandi
Meghnath chadh aayo
jagat kahega naari ke kaaran
Raam ne bandhu ganwaayo
dheeraj chhooto jaat sabhi ka
kab se ter lagaayi
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai
Uth Lakhan lal priya bhai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3671 Post No. : 14550

Today’s song is from Anuradha (1940). There were two more films made with the same title- one in 1960 and the other in 2014. Film Anuradha-1960 was the most well known film of these 3 films. The song of today is ” Chahun oar chaandni chitki hai.” It is written by Lajpat Rai and tuned by the veteran composer Badri Prasad. The song is sung by Vatsala Kumthekar.

Vatsala Kumthekar was one of those many aspirants, who dreamt of a bright career, plenty of money,name and fame and a happy retired life. To fulfil this dream, it was customary to go to Bombay and join films.

This is a Maya Nagari. Those who thought that all that glittered was Gold, suffered the bitter fruits of reality. In reality, Hindi film industry is a great leveller. This industry has taken some people from Rags to Riches and some others from Riches to Rags !

There are many cases where an artist reached a particular height of his career in professional life but when the end came, he died unsung, unknown and unatteneded. There are instances like Parveen Babi and Nalini Jayawant, whose death went unnoticed for days together and when news spread their bodies were beyond recognition. For many, the end was violent, like Sayeeda Khan, Director Brij and Shankar Dasgupta.

But the worst is when Death does not come fast and the last days are spent in penury, begging and in bedridden condition unattended.
Master Nissar, who once boasted of owning the only car in Bombay, other than the Bombay Governor, died in Kamathipura slums in Bombay penniless. His last rites were done by the Cine Artists Association.

The beautiful bubbly Meena Shorey died in Lahore in utter poverty and her last rites were done by charity. One time popular hero WASTI was found begging near Liberty Cinema in Bombay. Rattanbai, the famous singer was seen begging at Haji Ali Darga in Bombay. The wife of Khemchand Prakash also was found begging there by Naushad. Mohd.Rafi found Khan Mastana begging near a Dargah. Rajkumari, Vimmi, Bharat Bhushan, Master Bhagwan, Khan Mastana spent their last days very humiliated, in poverty and obscurity. We all know, by now, the sad story of Mubarak Begum living off the meagre earnings of her Auto-driver son, in a Bombay Zopadpatti, till her recent death.

The story of PARSHURAM, once a popular actor/singer of 1930s and 40s is very pathetic. Tabassum,who ran the record breaking TV program ‘Phool khile hain gaulshan Gulshan’, once stopped at a traffic signal. From her car,she saw a familiar face begging at every car. She immediately recognised Parshuram. She got down quickly,took him in her car to the TV studio. He was the same Parshuram who sang the famous song of Duniya na maane-1937 ‘Man saaf tera….’. He was cleaned, fed and robed in fresh clothes. Then she did his live interview on the TV and paid him Rs.1000/- on the spot. Later he got 1 or 2 film offers, but then he disappeared forever. He was a habitual drunkard. He was seen begging again. One day he died on footpath and was cremated by Municipality as an unclaimed body, before his relatives reached to claim the body.

Chandra Mohan, Shaikh Mukhtar, Cuckoo…………so many stories of sorrow and sad ends…….This is Bombay Film Industry-the Maya nagari.

Inspite of all this,still millions of people come to Mumbai with dreams in their eyes…..

Today we see the case of one such singer who scaled heights of popularity and then went to the Nadir from the Zenith….

VATSALA KUMTHEKAR was born in Bombay in 1909.Her family was a noted singers family from Goa. After schooling she got regular music training fro Ustad Barkat Ali,the elder brother of Bade Ghulam Ali Khan.She specialised in Thumaris.

Her beauty and sweet voice attracted many and she started holding Mehfils and Jalsas from 16-17 years onwards.her fame spread far and wide and she did programmes all over India. No wonder film companies ran after her.She started the career with Prabhat’s “WAHAN”-1937.
Then came Baanke Saanwariya, Madhu Bansari, Hurricane special, Jumbo ka beta, Aaj ki Duniya, Anuradha, Jai Swadesh, Aurat, Holiday in Bombay, Prabhat,Sangam,Lalaji,Aabroo, Jabaan, Aashirwad, Ishara and Rahat.

She was quite popular and many film personalities were keen to marry her. She got married in 1940, but her married life was bad. Her husband, Ibrahim Sheth, left her for another woman. After 3 years he returned to her. She readily accepted him and looked after him till he died. By now she had stopped getting films. After husband’s death, she almost became penniless and lost her mind. She shaved her head. She was seen roaming in Bombay like a mad woman and begging.

One day her dead body was found on Tardeo Bridge, Bombay. She was identified by some onlooker, but before the news reached the film industry, she was cremated by the Municipality as an unclaimed body.

Film Anuradha (1940) had a cast consisting of Maya Banerji, Trilok Kapoor, Jeevan, K N Singh, Vatsala, Shyamsundar, Anant Marathe , Agha etc.etc. Anant Marathe aka Anant kumar was the brother of actor and famous singer Ram Marathe. I was searching for his information for quite some time. My search ended when I found an article written by his son about his father.

Anant Marathe was born in 1936. In a career that spanned over 50 years, he was a witness to many changes and upheavals in the Hindi film industry. Born in Pune, in a family that was doing well for itself, he had three brothers and two sisters. Losing his father at the tender age of four, he was forced to give up education and begin work, to fend his family. In the process the family left Pune and came to Mumbai, the city that fed every soul.

The world of films, those days, was not an industry. It was just like a 9 to 5 job in an office. Anant Marathe, with his innocent looks, expressive eyes and inborn confidence, was chosen by Master Vinayak, to play a role as a child artiste in a hindi film, Chhayaa. In this film he played the role of a son, who for his own selfish means is used by his father, ( played by Late Shri Chandra Mohan).

The real breakthrough came when he was called for an audition at Prabhat Studios, the most distinguished film company of those days. This 1943-44 film was ‘ Ramshastri’, in which he was to play the part of Chhota (small) Ramshastri. Ramshastri Prabhune was the Supreme Judge of the Peshwa dynasty and known for his supreme judgement. Once he was selected for the role, his grooming as an actor really began. In the storyline, Chhota ramshastri was depicted as a boy who hates to study and loves to play whole day long. He would swim, roam about with his pet dog and enjoy life. For this role Anant marathe was made to learn swimming even though he was scared of water! He could not get along with the puppy dog, even though it was supposed be his pet. And to top it all, after shooting, the swimming and the sequences with the dog were edited from the film! The song, ‘Don ghadicha daav, yala jeevan aise naav” sung by him was very popular at that time. He received an award for his performance as Ramshastri from Bengal Film Journalists Association as the best supporting actor of the year. This film was screened in a number of National and International film festivals.

Film industry in South India was very active in early 50’s. Anant Marathe acted in a number of films produced by the South Indian film studios, namely AVM, Gemini studios etc. Shri Chettiar of AVM was planning a socio-mythological film on the life of a famous saint. The lead role was played Shahu Modak. The film in general was devotional and to bring in an interesting element, a comic character was created, in the form of the saint’s shishya ( pupil ). This role was offered to Anant Marathe and he displayed histrionics that astonished everybody on the sets.

The Director who groomed the great showman Raj Kapoor was Kidar Sharma and Anant Marathe had the privilege to work in one of his films, this time as a villain! The film was Hamaari Yaad Aayegi. This film also launched Tanuja, who would be known as a talented actress in the coming years. Anant Marathe played the role of a character called Pyarelaal, a very deceiving name for a villain! He is a suave character, moving about in the company of elite people but behind the cute face there is a monster of sorts, a wolf in sheep’s clothes. Anant Marathe, with his charming smile was very stunning, not only in his looks but in every move. Kidar Sharma was known to reward any actor who performed a great scene with a 4 anna coin, known as chavanni in those days. A chavvanni earned for a great shot was like an achievement. And Anant Marathe earned many, which he cherished till end.

His journey as an actor continued with great flourish. Since he could speak Marathi and Hindi fluently, he received offers from both Marathi and Hindi films. He was truly a bi-lingual actor.

Manoj Kumar was inspired by the life of Bhagat Singh, the great sikh patriot from Punjab and was planning a film on his life. Manoj Kumar and Prem Chopra were to play the roles of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev respectively but casting for Raajguru, the third freedom fighter was still to be done, as Manoj Kumar wasn’t happy with the short-listed few, to play the role. Manoj Kumar heard about Anant Marathe, who had acted in many hindi and marathi films. Anant Marathe was asked to come over and meet Mnoj Kumar. One look at him and he had found his Raajguru! The experience of working in a truly patriotic film, that too with a thespian like Pran who played a cameo in Shaheed, was a very inspiring experience for him. Incidently Pran did not charge a single rupee for this role! Shaheed brought a wave of patriotism in the audience, they cheered and loved their heroes. The real mother of Bhagat Singh was felicitated at the premiere of this film at Delhi. She was moved by the performances of every actor in the film. What’s more, a special screening was arranged for the then Prime Minister of India, Late Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, who praised the film and awarded certificates of honour to all the actors.

Anant Marathe acted in over 250 Hindi and Marathi films, out of which 71 films are Hindi. he also sang 5 songs in 5 Hindi films.When he made his foray in Hindi films, he was not very fluent in Hindi so he took lessons from a tutor who taught him the nuances of Hindi, thus improving the pronunciations so he could speak the language flawlessly. He also learnt English to give his persona the required sparkle, so important for a lead hero. He had to give up formal schooling due to circumstances that prevailed and may be he made up for it in this manner.

Some of the films he acted in are, Bhakta Bilwamangal (Durga Khote), Bhakta Gopalbhaiya (Amir Kanataki), Geeta (Chandra Mohan, Durga Khote), Gokul ( Kamla Kotnis, Sapru), Jivacha Sakha (Durga Khote, Sulochana), Malti Madhav (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Nanda Kumar ((Durga Khote), Sant Janabai (Hirabai Badodekar), Seeta Swayamvar (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Jawaee Majha Bhala, Choravar Mor, Bhintila Kaan Astaat, Shri Krishna Darshan ( (Durga khote, Usha Kiran), Sampoona Ramayan, Bharat Milaap and many more.

In “ Barkhaa”, he played the role of a doctor opposite Nanda. The song, “ Ek raat mein do-do chaand khile…” became an instant hit. “Bada bhai”, a film starring late Ajit, had him playing Ajit’s younger brother with Amita as the female lead. In “Sanskaar” also he played the lead role opposite Amita. He acted in some Gujrati films also.

In the early stages acting was like a job for him but soon it became a passion. All these years, while he worked in front of the camera as an actor, he learnt the finer details of film making, by observing, making mental notes. He had a flair for writing. In fact, he was a habitual diary writer. He wrote poems for small children and later they were published in the form of a book.
He had a good voice and was planning to be a singer but destiny had something else in store for him, a career in acting.

He wielded the megaphone in year 1974, for a marathi film named “Sonarana Tochala Kaan”, starring comedian and an intense actor Nilu Phule in lead role with Usha Chavan as the female lead. It was inspired by a Hollywood caper with famous comedian, Bob Hope in lead. The film was a huge success all over Maharashtra.

Soon he was set to direct a film in Hindi. After a detailed script was worked out by him, the producer backed out. Losing hope but not the spirit, he turned a new leaf and began work on his next project, once again in Marathi. The name of the film was “ Bijlee”, meaning lightning.

Rangat-Sangat Pratishthan, founded by the wife of late Shri Shahu Modak conferred the Manus puraskaar, an award on him for life-time achievement. The name for this award, for obvious reason is Manus (meaning human), a film by this name had Shahu Modak in a memorable role as a Havildaar.

Anant Marathe lived a content life. Having worked in films from the age of 8 took its toll on him and he passed away in 2002.

Film Anuradha-40 had 12 songs in it- all written by Lyricist Lajpat Rai. He seems to have written songs for only one more film, Deepak-40. The music was composed by Badri Prasad.This is the first song from this film here.I was pleasantly surprised when I listened to few songs from this film, because, contrary to Badri prasad’s earlier music and songs, these songs were sounding fresh. Looks like he was trying to be with the changing tastes of the audience. Sadly, he stopped giving music to films after just 3 more films-Vanmala-41, Madhusudan-41 and Zevar-42. He was, however, active as an actor and later as a choreographer for many years, till late 70s.

( Credits- HFGK, MuVyz, http://www.writewrong.wordpress.com, Isaq Mujavar’s books, Sun jaa dil ki dastaan by J V Kulkarni and my notes)


Song-Chahun oar chaandni chitki hai(Anuradha)(1940) Singer-Vatsala Kumthekar, Lyricist- Lajpat Rai, MD- Badri Prasad

Lyrics

chahun oar
chahun oar chaandni chitki hai
taaron ki basti basti hai
chahun oar chaandni chitki hai
taaron ki basti basti hai
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag sulagti hai
chahun oar
chahun oar

ye mand mand vaayu ki lahren
sukh ke geet sunaati hain
ye mand mand vaayu ki lahren
sukh ke geet sunaati hain
chhed chhed man ke taaron ko
aise saaz bajaati hain
rom rom thhar thhar kaanpe ae ae ae
rom rom thhar thhar kaanpe
nanhi si jaan machalti hai
nanhi si jaan machalti hai
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag nikalti hai
chahun oar
chahun oar

door door saagar ka paani
prem ka naad sunaata hai
door door saagar ka paani
prem ka naad sunaata hai
mast bana paagal sa doley
mast bana paagal sa doley
parvat se takraata hai
dol rahi hirday ki naiyya aa aa naiyya
dol rahi hirday ki naiyya
kaise paar utarte hain
kaise paar utarte hain
main haay akeli
aa jaao
birha ki aag sulagti hai
chahun oar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is his 600th writeup in the blog.

Today’s song is from film Aandhi-40. The film was directed by Dinesh Ranjan Roy, music was by K.C.Dey and this song is sung by Pankaj Mallik and Radha Rani.

There is a reason why I selected this song. I wanted a song sung by Radha Rani, so that I get an opportunity to settle the issue of multiple Radha Ranis. ” Same name confusion ” is very common in the world of Hindi cinema. Luckily, the confusion existed only between 1931 and 1960. There are many many cases of same name Directors, Music Directors, Singers and Actors. Information on all names is extremely difficult to come by. Still I managed to write on 15 pairs of Same name Artistes in 3 articles and tried to clarify the confusions.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film Raajkanya-55. It is a wonderful song by Rafi. Written by G.S.Nepali, it has been composed by the king of melody, my favourite Music Director Chitragupta.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from film Pardesi-41. This was a Ranjit Movietone film, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi and music by Khemchand Prakash.

Pardesi seems to be a popular Title for film producers Films with Pardesi title were produced in 1941, 1957, 1970 and 1993. Pardes was made in 1950 and 1997. Pardesi as a prefix to film titles were for 7 films. Pardesi-41 was a significant film for actress,singer Khursheed, because with this film, she became famous and came to be recognised as a singer. Earlier, she had worked in many films and also had sung songs, but Pardesi-41 music gave her such a turn in life that Chandulal Shah-the owner of Ranjit- decided to make her Saigal’s Heroine, whenever he would make a film with that king of melody. He was so much impressed with her singing style.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Savera-58. It is sung by Manna Dey and chorus. The Lyricist was Shailendra and the composer was Sailesh Mukherjee. This song was quite popular during its time and I was surprised to see that this was not yet posted on the Blog.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is a “Special ” song from film Gulbakavali-47. It is written by Munshi Shefta, the MD was Phiroz Dastoor and the song is sung by Menakabai.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Taksaal-56. It is sung by S.D.Batish and Lakshmi Shankar with chorus.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Sheesh Mahal-1950. It was a Minerva Movietone production directed by Sohrab Modi. Vasant Desai was the music director. There were nine songs in the film, which were penned by four Lyricists.
Read more on this topic…


Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14752

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1150
Total Number of movies covered =4034

Total visits so far

  • 10,983,766 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,631 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: