Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Patriotic song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4745 Post No. : 16472 Movie Count :

4474

Today’s song is from a very obscure film Lieutenant-1944 ( It is pronounced as लेफ्टनंट ). It was actually a stunt film, belying the film title, which misled the readers thinking that this was a War film ! The only connection of this film with War was perhaps that this film was made during the II WW period.

The War period of 1939 to 1945 was quite tough for the film industry. The most stunning blow to it was that the supply of most essential items were now under the control of the Government and that the Raw Film was one of the items in their list ! The Raw film supply was not only restricted, but also it was given to only those who were making the films regularly. Additionally a filmmaker who would make a War Propaganda film or show in his films such scenes was eligible for extra quota at control rates. For this reason some leading filmmakers made Propaganda films,e.g. Master Vinayak made “Badi Maa” in 1945, while Acharya Atre made film ” Panna” in 1944.

The Government control on essentials like Petrol, Sugar etc prompted the rise of Black Marketing and generation of Black money. Many unscrupulous people made a lot of money. Some of this easy money flowed into the film line and during the 1940s decade, this money slowly destroyed the Studio system, encouraged freelancing and the prices of stars soured skywards. The cost of making films also escalated. Even an ordinary C grade Stunt film, which could be made in about 50000 at the beginning of 1940, ended in Lakhs by 1949 end.

The Government had increased the Entertainment Taxes in Bombay, Madras, UP and CP areas, so the cost of Cinema tickets had increased. Prithvi Theatre was launched by Prithviraj Kapoor. Film artistes gathered under the leadership of EVR Naicker in Madras to form DMK party. M. Karunanidhi was a prominent leader.

In Spite of all this, some good Musical films were made in 1944. Saigal, who arrived in Bombay from Calcutta for good, made his second film in Bombay. New composers, New Heros and New heroines brought a variety of Genres of films made in 1944. Some of the major films of 1944 were….

Bhanwara – Second film by Saigal and Khemchand Prakash in Ranjit in Bombay. Made in just 9 days’ shooting for Saigal, by director Kidar Sharma. It was the second film for Monica Desai too (sister of Leela Desai and wife of Phani Mujumdar).

Bharthari – Last film in India by singer actress Jahan Ara Kajjan who sang her last 2 songs in it. She migrated to Pakistan in the wake of Partition. Very good songs in the film, especially ” Bhiksha de de maiya” by Amirbai and Surendra.

Chal Chal re Naujawan – First film from newly established Filmistan, by the deserters’ group from Bombay Talkies, led by S.Mukherjee and Ashok Kumar. Ashok Kumar sang 6 songs in it for the first time for Ghulam Haider. His song ” Bolo Har Har Mahadev” was very melodious and popular.

Chand – Debut film of Husnlal-Bhagatram team. They were recommended by elder brother Pt. Amarnath, who was the first choice of D.D.Kashyap. After V.Shantaram and his team left Prabhat, this was an attempt by Prabhat to join the mainstream by opting for the first time a Non Marathi star cast and Punjabi style musicians. 5 singers were used by H-B for 11 songs. A mild success film.

Daasi – it was a musical from Lahore by Pt. Amarnath- with his favourite Zeenat Begum.

Film Dost produced the evergreen Noor Jahan song ” Badnam – muhabbat kaun karen” composed by Sajjad Hussain. This one song alone made them both immortal.

Draupadi – a feeble attempt by Baburao Patel to make a Heroine out of his secretary Sushila Rani.

Gaali – Another film by Sajjad, but with only 3 songs to him and 9 to Hanuman Prasad.

Iraada – Pt.Amarnath brought Hemant Kumar for his second Hindi song. He had debuted in the film Meenakshi-42 already, but no record was issued for that song.

Ismat – The first and the only film of the brothers Pt. H.P.Sharma and Pt. Govardhan pershad, as a composer team.

Jwar Bhata – Devika Rani’s discovery, Dilip Kumar’s first film. He was the side Hero and the Hero was Agha. Actress Mrudula also debuted as Dilip’s Heroine.

Krishn Bhakt Bodana – The only film of the Revolutionary Poet singer Master Vasant from Surat. Avinash Vyas, Shankar rao Vyas composed music, while S.N.Tripathi gave background music.

Musical film Lal Haveli – Only time when Noor Jehan and Surendra sang together under Mir Saheb.

Mann ki Jeet – W.Z.Ahmed brings new Heroine Neena, who sings in the voice of Debutante Sitara of Kanpur in all her films. Neena was a Non-Singer.

My Sister – Saigal goes back to Calcutta to complete a Musical film ” My Sister”. Pankaj Mullick gives excellent songs by Saigal and others.

There were two films ‘ Panchhi’ and ‘ O Panchhi’ with average songs.

Panna – A war propaganda film based on ” Mata Hari” story, with a new Heroine Geeta Nizami. MD Amir Ali dies before the film is released. The credits in the film dedicate the film to Late Amir Ali.

Perhaps the best music was by Vasant Desai to film ” Parbat pe apna dera”. Vanmala and ulhas excel in acting in a story of sexual repression. All songs are excellent, especially Amirbai’s song ” Pareshan hoon main ” is simply divine.

Lastly, the Best one. Record breaking musical ” Rattan” gave superlative songs by Naushad. Barring 2 songs by Manju, the other 8 songs were all Hits. Rattan gave 200% returns on the film and song records, to the Producer.

Film Lieutenant-44 was made by National Theatre, Bombay and it was directed by a veteran of stunt films, Nari Ghadiyali. There were 8 songs,all written by lyricist Mustafa. We do not know who was its Music Director. The cast of the film was Benjamin, Sharada, Bibi, Sadiq, Shahzadi, Putli,Habeeb,Nazira and many others. Two interesting names in the cast are Putli and Sadiq.

Mothers and daughters acted as leading ladies in the same era….Miss Putli or Putlibai and Miss Gohar Mamajiwala (the term Miss was used not merely to state the marital status of the leading ladies of those days)….

Like Miss Sharifa and Husna Banu , Putli and Gohar were mother and daughter. Putli was an accomplished actress of the silent screen who championed in the Talkies because of her extraordinary singing talents. Gohar was born in 1910 and entered the screen in 1926, where her mother Miss Putli too entered more or less the same time. Information about Miss Putli is very limited however, Gohar became India’s popular iconic star and is still remembered today.

Miss Putli acted in 33 Talkie films. Her first Talkie was Ratan Manjiri-35 and her last film was Dhoke baaz-46. She sang one song each in the film Lehri Badmash-44 and Dhokebaaz-46.

Sadiq Ali, was born on 6-10-1911 at Jalandhar, Punjab. His 2 cousins- Wazir Ali and Nazir Ali were famous Indian cricketers. Sadiq Ali completed his Engineering degree and worked in M.E.S. at Kanpur (Military Engg. Services). Due to strong desire to work in films and dramas, he resigned from his job after 5 years and joined Agha Hashr’s Drama company. When the company was closed, he joined The Burma Imperial film company at Rangoon. After a few small roles, he came down to Bombay.

After working in some smaller companies, he joined Minerva Movietone. Starting with khan Bahadur-37, he worked in Minerva’s Pukar-39, Sikandar-41, Phir Milenge-42, Prithwiraj Sanyogita-43, Parakh-44 (only directed by Modi) and Ek din ka sultan-45, also in Sandesa-39,Black out, Duniya tumhari hai, Phir milenge, Lieutenant, Ulti Ganga, Patharon ke saudagar,Jagbeeti,Nishana, Do Naina, Manjhdar, Mitti etc. In all he acted in 23 films. His last film was Ever Ready-46. After partition, he migrated to Pakistan.

First film in Pakistan was Judai (1950 Shaheena,Nazar and Zeenat). Other films include Shola (1952).

Sadiq Ali was a very successful and famous actor before partition and got the title of Prince of Minerva. He acted in many films in India, but in Pakistan, Sadiq Ali could not be successful as he was in India.

He was paralyzed in the 60’s and could be seen sitting with a Pan shop in Capitol Cinema lane, Karachi. Died on 12-7-1977 in Karachi. In his last days, he was seen begging on the road.

No information is available on the film story or other details. With today’s song, film Lieutenant-1944 makes its debut on this blog.


Song- Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehraayenge (Lieutenant)(1944) Singers- unknown male voice, Lyricist- Mustafa, MD- Dada Chandekar
Chorus

Lyrics

Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehraayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

rokenge seene per apni dushman ki sangeen
dushman ki sangeen
qurbaani ke khoon se hi ye duniya hai rangeen
ye duniya hai rangeen
rokenge seene per apni dushman ki sangeen
dushman ki sangeen
qurbaani ke khoon se hi ye duniya hai rangeen
ye duniya hai rangeen
sangeenen kya desh ki khaatir
topon se lad jaayen
topon se lad jaayenge
sangeenen kya desh ki khaatir
topon se lad jaayen
topon se lad jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

?? ab hamne bhi kheenchi hai talwaar
kheenchi hai talwaar
kheenchi hai talwaar
haathi sa dariya ho chaahe golon ki bauchhaar
golon ki bauchhaar
ruk na sakte ab hamne bhi kheenchi hai talwaar
khenchi hai talwaar
haathi sa dariya ho chaahe golon ki bauchhaar
golon ki bauchhaar
haar se behtar mar jaana
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
haar se behtar mar jaana
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

aage peechhe dekh ke aisa maarenge ham teer
maarenge ham teer
bach jaaye dushman ka dil ??
phans jaaye to taqdeer
phans jaaye to taqdeer
murdon ke sarkaar ki unki
ginti karte jaayenge
ginti karte jaayenge
murdon ke sarkaar ki unki
ginti karte jaayenge
ginti karte jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge ae ae ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4648 Post No. : 16312

Every few years or so, we have people proudly posting the photographs of their fingers with indelible ink in it, as proof of having voted in a parliament election or an assembly election. 🙂

These days, we have a non recurring once in a century occurrence taking place, namely Covid 19 vaccination. The process of this covid vaccination in India is very much comparable to the process of parliamentary general election. People are getting themslves vaccinated, and posting photos of their vaccination on their social media accounts. 🙂

India has two kinds of vaccines that are approved for vaccination. One is covishield (manufactured by Serum Institute of India Pune) and another is Covaxin (manufactured by Bharat Biotech, Hyderabad)

Both vaccines got the approval of India’s Central Drugs and Standards Committee (CDSCO) for emergency use on 3 january 2021 after they completed their various phases of trials.

Serum Institute of India has the largest capacity in the entire world for producing vaccines. Its vaccine Covishield was based on the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine developed in UK whereas Covaxin of Bharat Biotec was an indigenously developed vaccine. The capacity of Serum Institute of India is much higher than that of Bharat Biotech. Covishield vaccine was even offered by Government of India to some friendly countries. As on date, more than 80 countries have received consignments of Covishield vaccine, in a Government of India initiative dubbed as “Vaccine Maitri”. This initiative has won India tremendous goodwill worldwide. Some countries offered profuse thanks to India and Indian government for this gesture.

SII was manufacturing 65-70 million doses in a month but that was not enough to meet the demands of India and other countries. It plans to enhance its capacity to 100 million doses in a month and for that it has sought Government help of Rs 3000 crores($453 millions).

Till today, 90% of all vaccination done in India is of Covishield. Other 10 % is of covaxin. As of now (8 april 2021), 8 crore 29 lakh Covishield vaccine doses and 82 lakh covaxin doses have been administered in India. In addition, 6 crore 45 lakh doses of Covishield have also been supplied to 85 different countries as grant, on commercial basis, and also under CEPI, GAVI, WHO and UNICEFs COVAX programme.

These vaccines have much less stringent low temperature requirement for storage compared to some other vaccines developed abroad. So These vaccines can be transported and stored in India using the existing cold chain logistical infrastructure. That way they are suitable for other less developed countries of the world as well.

Coming to Indian vaccination programme, Just like all adult (18 plus) Indian citizens are eligible to vote, all citizens of certain age group are eligible for free vaccination. Initially people in 60 plus age group were eligible. Certain category of people, like doctors, frontline workers etc, who were in the forefront of fighting this pandemic were also eligible irrespective of their age. Beginning from 1 april 2021, all Indian citizens above the age of 45 are eligible. This will cover about 40 crore Indian citizens (out of 130 crore population).

My wife and daughter belonged to the category of medical personnel and so both of them were eligible for their doses of vaccination. Both of them got their two doses of vaccination before the end of march 2021.

I was not eligible. Some 45 to 59 years age group people who had comorbidities (viz serious health conditions) too were eligible before 1 april 2021 for vaccination on production of doctor’s report and many people of this age group got themselves vaccinated making use of this provision even when some of them had no comorbidities. My wife asked me to get myself vaccinated, as did our daughter, but I insisted that I was not eligible. I rejected my wife’s insinuation that I had hypertension and therefore comorbidity. 🙂

However, from 1 april 2021, I too became eligible for vaccination. My wife and daughter were in any case pestering me for that. The nearest hospital where vaccination was being administered was at NE Railway main hospital located near my workplace. I found out that the vaccination time was from 9:30 to 10 AM or so. I arrived at the place. I was under the impression (based on erroneous media reports) that there would be very small number of people and the medical staff would be sitting idle waiting for people to come. I was mistaken. There was a big crowd of people. So there were so many people interesting in vaccination, unlike what some media houses were trying to portray. I collected the form and filled it up. Though there was a good crowd, it thinned out by the time it was 10:30. I came to know that a limited number of doses are brought from the local state government cold storage that had to be consumed on the same day. There is no method of getting the supply replenished on the same day. 68 number of doses were allotted to the hospital on that day and they got used up within one hour.

I wondered how I was going to be able to get myself vaccinated if this was the state of affairs. The problem was, I was trying to avail the vaccination facility like a common man, standing in a queue, whereas I should have done it like a VIP, which I was for the Railway hospital, seeing that I headed the Railway workshop that employed 60% of all Railway employees based in Gorakhpur. My workplace was easily the biggest industrial workplace in Gorakhpur.

The next day of vaccination in the hospital was 5 april 2021, viz the next monday. This time I took no chances and asked my steno to phone up the doctor incharge of vaccination informing him that I would like to get vaccinated on that day. I went there, through the doctor’s entrance rather than the public entrance, which I was told was jampacked. My workplace has a small health unit headed by a lady doctor and she too was available there to make fuss over me-“hato hato saahab aaye hain”, getting the doctor incharge of vaccination to come and greet me etc. and in general to get my vaccination fast tracked. I had already filled up my form the previous day itself. As ID proof, I had attached my Aadhaar Card. That data gets filled in a computer, which verifies the Aadhaar card from UIDAI site. That done, the lady doctor made sure that I was the first person of the day to get vaccinated. 🙂

The vaccinated people are supposed to stay there for half an hour under observation to see that no adverse effect takes place on them. I did not feel any adverse effect, so I informed the lady doctor and left for the workplace. From there I informed my wife and daughter that I had taken my first dose. My daughter asked me to immediately take one tablet of paracetomol then and another tablet in the evening. But I am not feeling any ill effects, I protested. Still my daughter ordered me to take one tablet immediately which I duly did.

I realised after some time that I did not get the vaccination certificate that my wife and daughter had got. I thought that I would be able to get it using my Aadhaar Card number and registered mobile number. I was not far off in my guess but I also needed another information, viz Beneficiary Reference ID, which gets generated during registration at the vaccination centre. I asked my steno to find out this Beneficiary Reference ID. The steno found it out and even downloaded my Vaccination certificate on a nice photographic paper and presented in to me. So I had my vaccination certificate at hand. Later I downloaded a pdf copy on my mobile too and shared it with my wife and daughter.

This certificate is a miracle of Digital India initiative.It gives everyone a clearcut and foolproof, fully traceable, six sigma quality documentation of the progress of vaccination in the country. The details of all vaccination get updated in real time and they then figure in the live figures of vaccination at the site named cowin.gov.in.

The vaccination certificate has all the relevant details one can think of namely beneficiary details (name, age, gender, ID verification details, residence) and also vaccination details (name of vaccine, date of dose, next due date, vaccinated by, and place of vaccination). The certificate also had a machine readable bar code.

VaccineCertificate

When one looks at the vaccine certificate of USA (left in the picture above), technologically the most advanced nation on earth, one finds that their vaccine certificate is quite amateurish and that can be easily manipulated and forged. Their certificate will not pass muster as a legally valid document as it hardly contains any details, just name, vaccine name and date, and an illegible signature. That is all. There is no unique ID (say Social security number) mentioned in the certificate. Israeli certificate (right on the picture above)on the other hand is professionally made, as is expected of them.

I have mentioned earlier that many media houses, and also political parties are trying disinformation campaigns about the vaccines. There are many less informed people who fall prey to such malicious disinformation campaign. One school friend of my daughter phoned her. Her father had fallen prey to one such youtube video and he was refusing to listen to anyone and he would not get himself vaccinated. Would my daughter try to convince him ? How could I, if you and your mother couldnot, but let me try- my daughter replied. So my daughter was connected on phone to her old friend’s father. He stated that this youtube uploader has given such gory details about the process of vaccine manufacture that no one with a conscious could ever get these vaccines. My daughter asked him to get the credentials of this video uploader verified on wikipedia etc. Was he a qualified medical practitioner or belonged to pharma industry ? If not then his facts were imaginary, she informed him. But the Indian vaccines have been develoed in just two months, so these vaccines are fake as informed by this uploader- he stated. My daughter advised him about the vaccine development stages, that there are five stages, each stage is stringent. Initally tests are conducted on animals, then on humans, then the vaccines get certified by a regulatory agency. All this has taken nearly a year. The covishield vaccine has been certified fit for use in several countries, and not just India. In any case, this vaccine is developed not in India, but in UK, and India is only producing it under license, my daughter informed him.

Two days later, my daughter’s friend phoned again, and thanked my daughter profusely. After my daughter’s talk, her father had checked up on the credentials of the youtube uploader and had realised that he was unqualified to discuss this matter. He also realised that the vaccines had passed all the stages that vaccines are required to pass. So he had gone to the nearest vaccine center and had got himself vaccinated. That way, my daughter may have helped bring peace and harmony to the disturbed household of her old school friend. I felt quite proud of my daughter. It means she has the ability to convince others, which is a good ability to have for anyone.

The fact that India is self reliant in covid vaccines and is even in a position to export it to half the countries of the world is a matter of great pride for all Indians. This has been made possible by those Indians ho have lived in India and have tried to make a difference in the country. For instance, Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotec are doing cutting edge work in their field. On this occasion of natinal and international emergency they have risen to the challenge and are helping the country fight this pandemic with confidence.

On this occasion, here is a song that catches the same feeling of national pride. This song is from “Swades”(2004). The song is sung and composed by A R Rahman. Javed Akhtar is the lyricist. This song plays in the background, hich the picturisation shows Shahrukh Khan, playing an NRI working in NASA dying to come back to India and give back to the nation. A very moving and inspirational song indeed !


Song-Ye jo des hai tera (Swades)(2004) Singer-A R Rahman, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-A R Rahman

Lyrics

ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

mitti ki hai jo khushbu, tu kaise bhulaayega
tu chaahe kahin jaaye
tu laut ke aayega
nayi-nayi raahon mein
dabi-dabi aaho mein
khoye-khoye dil se tere koyi ye kahega
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta

hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

tujhse zindagi hai ye keh rahi
sab toh paa liya
ab hai kya kami
yoon toh saare sukh hain barse
par door tu hai apne ghar se
aa laut chal tu ab deewaane
jahaan koyi toh tujhe apna maane
awaaz de tujhe bulaane wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

ye pal hai wahi
jis mein hai chhupi
poori ek sadi,
saari zindagi
tu na poochh raaste mein kaahe
aaye hai is tarha do raahe
tu hi toh hai raah jo sujhaaye
tu hi toh hai ab jo ye bataaye
chaahe toh kis disha mein jaaye wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4631 Post No. : 16285 Movie Count :

4424

Today 23rd March 2021 is the ninetieth remembrance anniversary of martyr dome of Sardar Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. They were hanged to death by the British regime on 23rd March 1931.

On this occasion as a tribute in remembrance of these great sons of this soil here is a song from the movie ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ (2002).

As I had mentioned in my earlier post on the blog, in the year 2002 there were three movies released on the life of Bhagat Singh;

  • 23rd March 1931 Shaheed
  • The Legend of Bhagat Singh
  • Shaheed-E-Azam

I would like to reproduce here what Dharmendra expressed about this movie his home production, (as appearing on the blurb of the audio cassette);

It is not the first time in the history of Indian Cinema that a film has been inspired by India’s favorite revolutionary. And quite honestly, it might not even be the last. This Sikh youth of character so powerful and deep represents the meaning of true patriotism and fearlessness to one and all. It can be assured that every time a movie is made on Bhagat Singh, not one person leaves the cinema hall carrying the same heart with which he arrives. It is not just his sacrifice that moves you; his biggest revolutionary thought and his smallest patriotic action, stir your blood inside. Bhagat Singh cannot be imitated, no matter how impressed you might feel. And yet, the one reason he chose death over life was to create a thousand of his kind so that each one of them could bear the depth of the same patriotic fervor to serve their country.
– Dharmendra

I was staying at Bareilly when this movie was released in 2002 and I had watched both the movies simultaneously i.e. ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’ and ‘23rd March 1931-Shaheed’. I remember both the movie were welcomed by huge crowds in their first week of release and thereafter ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’ had a good run on the box office, better than the today’s movie.

‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ was directed by Guddu Dhanoa for ‘Sunny Super Sound Presentation’. It was produced by Dharmendra.

It had Sunny Deol, Bobby Deol, Amrita Singh, Rahul Dev, Akshay Anand, Vicky Ahuja, Divya Dutta, Raja Bundela, Suresh Oberoi, Shakti Kapoor, Vivek Shauq, Samaresh Rautrai, Indal Singh, Sanjay Tripathi, Tej Sapru, Rajesh Khera, Deepak Sharma, Suresh Chatwal, Sachin Khedekar, Manoj Tiwari, Rana Jung Bahadur, Ishrat Ali, Imran Khan, Master Atit, Master Honey and Aishwarya Rai (in friendly appearance).

Screenplay of this movie is written by Sutanu Gupta and Dialogues of this movie are written by Sanjay S. Masoom Editing of this movie is done by Keshav Naidu. This movie was passed by Censor Board on 30.05.2002.

This movie has seven songs, written by Dev Kohli. The song “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” by Ramprasad Bismil was included in the movie and with it the total number of songs makes it to eight. Songs in this film are sung by Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Vinod Rathod, Hans Ran Hans (as per titles of the movie) and Bhupinder Singh, Mohd Salamat and Veer Rajendra (as mentioned in the blurb of the audio cassette of this movie and in addition to the names mentioned in the titles of the movie).

Today’s song is sung by Veer Rajinder and lyrics are by Dev Kohli. This song is in two parts (or may be three parts) in the movie as per video links available in the domain.

With the today’s song this movie ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ (2002) makes its debut on the blog.

Let us now listen to the today’s song. . .

Video

Audio

Video (Part 2)

Audio (Part 2)

Song – Saans Hai Jab Talak, Naa Rukenge Kadam (23 March 1931 – Shaheed) (2002), Singer – Veer Rajinder, Lyrics – Dev Kohli, MD – Anand Raj Anand
Chorus
Lyrics

saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan

wo jawaani jo khoon ko
jalaati nahin
hmm hmm hmm hmm
wo watan ke liye
rang laati nahin
aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
daagh lekar ghulaami ka
kyun ham jeeyen
haan kyun ham jeeyen
soch kar raaton ko
neend aati nahin
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan

aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa

hamne tay kar liyaa
hamne le li qasam
khoon se apne seechenge
apnaa chaman
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hamne tay kar liyaa
hamne le li qasam
khoon se apne seecnhenge
apnaa chaman
jaan lekar hatheli pe
ham chal diye
haan ham chal diye
baandh kar sar pe nikle
hain ham ye qafan
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
———–
(part-2)
———–
naaz tujhko to hogaa
bhagatsingh ki maa
tera beta watan ke kaam aa gayaa
sar jhukaa kar nahin
sar uthha ke chalaa
desh ke waaste
jaan lootaa ke chalaa
jaane waaloon ko dekho
watan ke liye
aa aa aa aa
shamma aazaadi ki wo
jalaa jaayenge
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se inhen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
inquilaab zindabaad
inquilaab zindabaad
inquilaab zindabaad

——————————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
——————————————————–

सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन

वो जवानी जो खून को
जलाती नहीं
ह्म ह्म ह्म ह्म
वो वतन के लिए
रंग लाती नहीं
आ आ आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
दाग़ लेकर ग़ुलामी का
क्यूँ हम जीयें
हाँ क्यूँ हम जीयें
सोच कर रातों को
नींद आती नहीं
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन

आ आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ

हमने तय कर लिया
हमने ले ली क़सम
खून से अपने सींचेंगे
अपना चमन
ह्म ह्म ह्म ह्म
हमने तय कर लिया
हमने ले ली क़सम
खून से अपने सींचेंगे
अपना चमन
जान लेकर हथेली पे
हम चल दिए
हाँ हम चल दिए
बाँध कर सर पे निकले
हैं हम ये कफन
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
————–
(भाग- २ )
————–

नाज़ तुझको तो होगा
भगतसिंह कि माँ
तेरा बेटा वतन के काम आ गया
सर झुका कर नहीं
सर उठा के चला
देश के वास्ते
जान लूटा के चला
जाने वालों को देखो
वतन के लिए
आ आ आ आ
शम्मा आज़ादी को वो
जला जायेंगे
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से इन्हें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4624 Post No. : 16273

Today’s song is from a film of the first decade of the talkie era – Adhoori kahani-1939.

In the first decade of the Talkie era, Calcutta’s New Theatres was far ahead of other film studios of India in presenting musical and successful films. However, when its successful film Devdas-1935 came, it, possibly, unintentionally stressed on the painful dark emotions of Human Behaviour. It also, almost, glorified a failed Love, alcoholism and death of the Hero. I understand that the film was based on a famous novel by Sharat chandra Chatterjee. New Theatres being the leader in the industry, other filmmakers followed suit and there was a spate of films depicting Sadism, Pessimism, Tragedy, Perversion, Psychoti Behavious and similar not so good Human Emotions in their films.

Thus we had, in and around that period films like Minerva’s ‘Jailor’ (1938) and ‘Main Haari’ (1940), Ranjit’s ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), Kardar’s ‘Paagal’ (1940) and ‘Pooja’ (1940), Prabhat’s ‘Aadmi’ (1939), New Theatre’s ‘Badi Didi’ (1939) and ‘Dushman’ (1939), Sagar Movietone’s ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob’s ‘Aurat’ (1940), Circo’s ‘Geeta’ (1940), New Theatres ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Mehboob’s ‘Behan’ (1941) and few other films.

In these circumstances, came a welcome relief from Bombay Talkies, in the form of pure, innocent, romantic Love stories featuring a cute Ashok Kumar with heroines like Devika Rani, leela Chitnis and others. This again changed the trend and the audience had good, healthy, entertaining musical films, till the mid 40’s, when the Crime stories invaded in the form of Kismat, Geeta and others, taking the film trend in a different way.

Today’s film Adhoori Kahani-39 had a tragic story, was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi and the music was by Gyan Dutt. The cast was Durga Khote, Prithviraj, Rose, Keshav rao Datey, Ila Devi, Ishwarlal,Yaqub, Khatun, Mirza Musharraf and others. During the early era of talkie films, till the 1960s, there was a horde of Gujarati directors and producers. Bhatts, Trivedi, Thakur, Shahs, Desais, Pancholi, Doshi, Daves were some names frequently found directing various genres. Usually they specialised in certain class and type of films. The Bhatts (Shankar and Vijay) liked to do Mythological films, Ramnik Shah handled stunt, action, fantasy films, Jayant Desai was social film oriented etc.

Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) and ‘Nanand Bhojai’ (1948). He was ‘well known’ for his family socials and had become ‘a celebrity in his own right’. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the ‘famous journalist’ & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was ‘Gorakh Aya’ (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, ‘The Secretary’, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like ‘Secretary’ and ‘Musafir’ (1940), but then ‘shifted to more significant films’.

Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film ‘Gorakh Aya’ (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialogues by PL Santoshi. The music, termed ‘good’ was composed by Gyan Dutt. ‘The Secretary’ (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, who became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costume drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

‘Bhakta Surdas’, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred KL Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

‘Mehemaan’ (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film ‘Kariyavar’ in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like ‘Vadilo Ne Vanke’ (1948) by Ram Chandra Thakur and ‘Gadono Bel’ (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was ‘Jesal Toral’ (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, ‘Vevishal’, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories ‘Pati Bhakti’ was used in the Tamil film ‘En Kanawar’ (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was ‘Sanskar’ (1958). He had also written few songs in the film ‘Maya Bazaar’ (1932).

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography

1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist).

In the early era of cinema, there were many Marathi heroines in films. Naturally so, because Bombay was the biggest film making centre and it was in Maharashtra. Out of these early Heroines,- Shanta Apte (1916-1964), Snehprabha Pradhan (1920-1930 ), Leela Chitnis ( 1912-2003), Durga Khote (1905-1991), Shobhana Samarth (1915-2000), Hansa Wadkar (Ratan Salgaonkar in real life (1924-1971) and Shanta Hublikar (1914-1992) had few things common.
They operated in films almost same period.
They were educated and hailed from upper castes.
They all were rebellious in nature.
They all had failed or no marriages.
They all worked in Marathi stage dramas and
They all ( except Shobhana Samarth) wrote Autobiographies in Marathi …. Shanta Apte- Jau mee Cinemaat ? means- shall I join films ? , Snehprabha Pradhan-Snehankita, Hansa Wadkar- Sangte Ayka means- Listen to me (A Hindi film – Bhoomika-1977, with Smita Patil- was made based on this book ). I, Durga Khote by Durga Khote, Chanderi Duniyet by Leela Chitnis and Kashala Udyachi baat by Shanta Hublikar.

One of these actresses was Durga Khote, whose life story is very inspiring. A girl from a well to do family marries and after her husband dies, fights the circumstances, going against the existing society norms and becomes successful. Despite the major ups and downs in life she maintains her reputation of being an actress without a blemish or controversy in her professional career. She ends her life with a success story.

Durga Khote (14 January 1905 − 22 September 1991) was one of the foremost leading ladies of her times, she remained active in Hindi and Marathi cinema, as well as theatre, for over 50 years, starring in 182 Hindi films and numerous theatre productions.

In 2000, in a millennium issue, India Today named her among “100 People Who Shaped India”, noting: “Durga Khote marks the pioneering phase for women in Indian Cinema” as she was one of the first women from respectable families to enter the film industry, thus breaking a social taboo.

She also ranks among the top ten actresses in mother roles in Hindi cinema, most notable among them were as Jodhabai in K. Asif’s Mughal-e-Azam (1960); as Kaikeyi in Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942); her other memorable roles as mother were in Charnon Ki Dasi (1941); Mirza Ghalib; Bobby (1973) and Bidaai (1974). She has received the highest award in Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1983), for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.

Khote was born as Vitha Lad, to a family which hailed from Goa and spoke Konkani at home. Her father’s name was Pandurang Shamrao Lad and her mother’s name was Manjulabai. She grew up in a large joint family in Kandewadi. She was educated at Cathedral High School and St. Xavier’s College where she studied for B.A. While still a college-going teenager, she married into the Khote family and settled down with her husband.

By the age of 26, Durga Khote was a widowed mother with two young sons; Bakul and Harin. She had to seek work in film to support her children. In doing so, she became a pioneer of sorts: She hailed from a traditional family and the film industry was regarded as the preserve of the base and the bawdy. Also, most of the female characters were played by men at the time.

Durga Khote debuted in a minor role in the obscure 1931 silent film Farebi Jaal or trapped, by M. Bhavnani. She had to sing 3 songs also in this film. Followed by Maya Machindra (1932) by Prabhat Film company.. She was soon promoted to play heroine in the 1932 double version (Hindi and Marathi) Ayodhyecha Raja, another Prabhat film, which was the first ever Marathi talkie, and proved to be a runaway hit, where she played the role of Rani Taramati. Indeed, she ventured yet another pioneering trend: Despite working closely with the Prabhat Film Company, she broke away from the “studio system” (exclusive contract with a studio to work in its films on a monthly salary) then in vogue and became one of the first “freelance” artistes of that era by working occasionally with the New Theatres, East India Film Co. (both at Calcutta), and Prakash Pictures.

In 1936, she played Saudamini in Amar Jyoti, which is one of her most memorable roles. The characters played by her were very much like her regal personality and she commanded a screen presence even in front of legendary actors like Chandra Mohan, Sohrab Modi and Prithviraj Kapoor.

In 1937, she produced and directed a film titled Saathi ( Sawangadi in Marathi), making her one of the first women to step into this role in Indian cinema. The 40s opened for her in a big way, with award-winning performances in Aachary Atre’s Payachi Dasi (Marathi) and Charnon Ki Dasi (Hindi) (1941) and Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942), both of which got her the BFJA Best Actress Award for two consecutive years.

Durga Khote remained active in the theatre circuit for many years, especially the Marathi theatre in Mumbai. She was actively associated with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) and worked in several plays for the Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh. In 1954, she famously performed the role of Lady Macbeth in V.V. Shirwadkar’s Marathi adaptations of Macbeth, as Rajmukut, (The Royal Crown), along with Nanasaheb Phatak.

Durga Khote played a wide variety of roles over a career that was not only long, but also untouched by scandal. She was the inspiration for several generations of Indian actresses, including veterans such as the late Shobhna Samarth, who frequently spoke of how she had been inspired by Khote’s example.

During later years, she played several important character roles, such as the mother of the protagonist. Her portrayal of Jodhabai, the queen of Akbar torn between duty towards her husband and love towards her son in Mughal-e-Azam (1960) was well received. In 1963, she acted in Merchant Ivory’s debut film The Householder (1963).

She went on to play other widely appreciated character roles in later movies, such as the role of the grandmother of the heroine in Bobby (1973), the hero’s aunt in Abhimaan (1973), and the very memorable Bidaai (1974), where she played a mother, a very sensitive role that can make one cry and received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.

Her final memorable role was in Subhash Ghai’s Karz (1980), where she played the role of the mother of Raj Kiran and later, mother to Rishi Kapoor, who played the role of Raj Kiran’s reincarnation after the screen death of Raj Kiran in the movie.

She acted in 182 Hindi films in her career. Her last film as an actress was Daulat ka Dushman-1983. She had also sung 32 songs in 13 films. Her last song was in film Panna Dai-1945. By the 1980s she successfully diversified into production of short films, ad films and documentaries by setting up Fact Films and later, Durga Khote Productions, which produced the Doordarshan TV series Wagle Ki Duniya.

Durga Khote was married when she was a teenager to Vishwanath Khote, a gentleman of her own caste and similar social background, in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian manner. It was a traditional marriage into an orthodox family, the couple lived a harmonious and happy life, and the marriage was blessed with two sons. Vishwanath was a mechanical engineer who had graduated from Banaras Hindu University. His family was upper middle class and professional, with modern English education and high social standing; his ancestors had been prominent bankers.

Unfortunately, Vishwanath Khote died young, when Durga was barely into her 20s. She and her sons continued to reside with her in-laws, as is traditional in India, but she was not comfortable with her dependent position, especially because her father-in-law was no more, and they were dependent on other family members for their expenses. She thus felt impelled to make a living any which way she could, and the opening in films happened entirely by chance. The fact that she came from a modern and English-educated family meant that, even as a widow, she was able to act in films, which was derided as a disreputable profession in those days.

She thus raised her two sons, Bakul and Harin, single-handedly. Both of them went on to become well-settled in life. But she suffered the loss of her son Harin, who predeceased her and died in his 40s. Harin was married to Vijaya Jaywant, and they were the parents of two sons. After Harin’s early death, his widow married a Parsi man named Farrokh Mehta and became famous as the film-maker Vijaya Mehta.

Durga Khote’s grandchildren (children of Bakul and Harin) include her grandson Ravi, a filmmaker; granddaughter Anjali Khote, an actress; and grandson Deven Khote, a successful producer who is one of the co-founders of UTV, and who has also directed a film. Deven Khote is noted for producing films such as Jodhaa Akbar and Life in a Metro.

Durga Khote’s brother-in-law, Nandu Khote (brother of Vishwanath), was a noted stage and silent movie actor. Two of Nandu’s children also became actors in the film industry. His son Viju Khote (1941-2019) was an actor perhaps best known for his role of “Kalia” in Sholay (1975). Nandu’s daughter is the actress Shubha Khote, who debuted in Seema (1955) and worked as a heroine in several films before moving to character roles. Still later, she moved to directing and producing Marathi films and also entered television in the 90s. Shubha’s daughter, Bhavana Balsavar, is also an award-winning TV actress who appeared in sitcoms like Dekh Bhai Dekh and Zabaan Sambhalke before deciding to settle down and raise a family. Thus, the acting profession which was pioneered by Durga Khote in her family has been fully embraced by her late husband’s family.

Later in life, Durga Khote wrote an autobiography in Marathi, entitled Mee, Durga Khote, which was translated into English as I, Durga Khote. For the last part of her life, she moved to Alibaug, near Mumbai. Durga Khote died in Mumbai on 22 September 1991. ( Thanks to her autobiography, wiki, muVyz and my notes.)

Today’s song is sung by Durga Khote and an unknown male, with chorus.


Song-Maiyya soona Mandir tera (Adhoori Kahaani)(1939) Singers-Durga Khote, unknown male voice,Lyricist – P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt
Chorus
Durga Khote + Chorus

Lyrics

Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
dhoop nahin hai
deep nahin hai
koi nahin pujaari
dhoop nahin hai
deep nahin hai
koi nahin pujaari
chhaayi hai andhiyaari
chhaayi hai andhiyaari
tan-man ke jag deep jalaaye
kar de door andheraa
tan-man ke jag deep jalaaye
kar de door andheraa
maiyya
soona mandir teraa
maiyya
soona mandir teraa

madhuhaasini
priya bhaashini
dukh naashini
maateshwari
maateshwari
sukh taarini(?)
var daayini
hitkaaarini

pooja karne laal badhenge
praanon ke balidaan karenge
pooja karne laal badhenge
praanon ke balidaan karenge

bhakti bhaav ke thhaal sajenge
nav prabhat ke shankh bajenge
bhakti bhaav ke thhaal sajenge
nav prabhat ke shankh bajenge
jaag uthhega Bharat saara
hoga sarvatr(?) saveraa
jaag uthhega Bharat saara
hoga sarvatr(?) saveraa
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16183

72nd Republic Day – 26/01/2021
———————————————————-

dekho kaheen barbaad na hove ye bageecha
dekho kaheen barbaad na hove ye bageecha
isko hriday ke khoon se Baapu ne hai seencha
rakkha hai ye chiraag shaheedon ne baal ke,
iss desh ko rakhna mere bachchon sambhaal ke
ham laaye hain toofaan se kishti nikaal ke
iss desh ko rakhna mere bachchon sambhaal ke

For the last 13-14 years, I have seen that always original soundtracks of patriotic songs are played on every national festival day morning for at least 2 hours in the flag hoisting ceremony held at the building, adjacent to mine. Every year I am hoping that these songs, some of them very old are being played in my building, but no, they are in the next building:-). Always it is the case of ‘dur ke dhol suhaane’ to express in the hindustani parlance.

I was not motivated enough to write a post for today, till I heard the above quoted Rafi song from the film Jaagriti (1954), in between the two flag hoisting ceremonies I attended this morning. Plus I remembered this rendition of ‘Tarana-e-hindi’ from Ye Gulistan hamaara(1972).

I am producing the complete ghazal by Dr. Allama Iqbal, which I had meant to do a post to commemorate another anniversary, but since today is the day of patriotic songs, here it is:

Saare jahaan se achchha hindostan hamaara
Ham bulbulen hain iss ki ye gulsitaan hamaara

Gurbat mein hon agar ham rehta hai dil watan mein
Samjho vahin hamen bhi dil ho jahaan hamaara

Parbat wo sab se oonchaa ham-saaya aasmaan ka
Wo santari hamaara wo paasbaan hamaaraa

Godi mein khelti hain iss ki hazaaron nadiyaan
Gulshan hai jin ke dam se rashk-e-jinaan hamaara

Aye aab-rud-e-ganga wo din hai yaad tujh ko
Utra tere kinaare jab kaarwaan hamaara
Mazhab nahin sikhaata aapas mein bair rakhnaa
Hindi hain ham watan hai hindostaan hamaara

Yunaan o misr o rumaa sab mit gaye jahaan se
Ab tak magar hai baaqi naam-o-nishaan hamaara

Kuchh baat hai ki hasti mit-ti nahin hamaari
Sadiyon rahaa hai dushman daur-e-zamaan hamaara

‘Iqbal’ koyi mahram apna nahin jahaan mein
Maalum kya kisi ko dard-e-nihaan hamaara

Ist, 3rd, 4th and 6th sha’ir of the above is so well known that there is no song in the world to compare in popularity. As poetical expression of national/regional pride also this is an international legend, and will be so till the civilization survives. Maybe someone down the line would have thought of saying it this simply, but Dr. Iqbal thought of it first. Such a quote, I don’t think would sound this natural and believable in any other language. Dr. Iqbal wrote this as a childrens song and named it ‘taraana-e-hindi”.

There are many things in our vast country that we can be proud of, but the idea of India is the core of it. This type of poetry was needed back then, in the British India, to awaken the national fervour and make people yearn for the possession of the wealth, natural resources and the artistic genius, this country possessed and still possesses.

Yunaan o Misr o Rumaa sab mit gaye jahaan se
Ab tak magar hai baaqi naam-o-nishaan hamaara

Yunaan is Greece, Misr is Egypt and Rumaa is Rome (meaning Roman Empire here).

Kuchh baat hai ki hasti mit-ti nahin hamaari
Sadiyon rahaa hai dushman daur-e-zamaan hamaara

Iqbal knew his stuff and what he was talking about and to whom he was saying it. He wrote the poem before the world wars and the British were yet to complete 50 years of total domination in this region. And some 40 years before the end of 2nd world war, which were to finally break the backbone of the British Empire. It was first published on 16th August 1904, in the weekly journal Ittehad (Unity).

I know that the roots of the idea of Pakistan or a separate nation for muslims was to stem from the ‘taraan-e-milli’ which Dr. Iqbal wrote as a sequel to ‘taraana-e-hindi’ as per some theorists. But what is supposed to happen to the core idea of India which was the cultural diversity the intellectual world still swears by, is the point to ponder. This was the pluralism Iqbal was talking about a whole concept, it was destined to end up like:

Iss dil ke tukde hazaar huye
Koyi yehaan gira koyi wahaan giraa

The fact of the matter is, the Britishers, were the foreigners who never wanted to amalgamate with this country and they had their masters back home, whose coffers they were sent to fill. They left only those places intact in their wake, which they could ensure would be ruled by the European races and their generation. With India and other vast colonies like Arab world, they did not succeed in doing it. Instead, they managed to ensure that they would leave them divided, so that they can never rise against the European powers, for generations to come. They did this with the help of vested interests in the Arab world and India. The lies may be multiple but the truth is always one. It is still a matter of conjecture, who played in whose hands and ended up losing the power of numbers, a fact which is amply demonstrated by the growth of China in our times.

The British did not just divide the real idea of India, they divided the natural and human resources of the region, whom they tried to achieve control of, for more than 2 centuries, only to relinquish the full control within 100 years of gaining it. These facts and the time lines tell their own story. ‘Break the powers you can’t control” was the name of the game.

I feel this story is yet to be told in its full inglorious detail. Because even if it is late, the truth can never be suppressed forever. And we are living the era of ‘True lies’ by our own admission.

Here is the song to commemorate the Republic day 2021. Composition is credited to SDB and Pandit Ravi Shankar in the films soundtrack and singers are Sushma Shrestha and various artists. The full rendition is in chorus, as it befits the composition.


Song-Saare jahaan se achcha Hindostan hamaara (Ye Gulistaan Hamaara)(1972) Singers-Sushma Shreshtha, Lyrics-Allama Iqbal, MD-S D Burman

Lyrics

Saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
aa aaa
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha

gurbat mein hon agar ham mm
rehtaa hai dil watan mein
samjho wahin hamen bhi
dil ho jahaan hamaara hamaara aa
saare jahaan se achchha

parvat wo sab se oonchaa
ham-saaya aasmaan ka
wo santari hamaara aa
wo paasbaan hamaara hamaaraa aa
saare jahaan se achchha

mazhab nahin sikhaata
aapas mein bair rakhnaa
hindi hain ham
hindi hain ham
hindi hain ham
watan hai ea
hindostaan hamaara hamaaraa
saare jahaan se achchha
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha (aa aa aa aa)
hindostaan hamaara(aa aa aa aa)
ham bulbulen hain iss ki(aa aa aa aa)
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara(aa aa aa aa)


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16182

Today is 26th january (2021), which is republic day for India. Arguably, this is the most important day for independent India, more important than even the independence day, in my opinion.

71 years have passed since India was declared a republic on 26 January 1950. During the past 71 years, we have been through lots and lots of changes, upheavels, trials and tribulations, calamities etc. Thankfully today we find ourselves in a better position than what we were at in 1950. In fact, we find ourselves in a much better position vis a vis 1990.

I was born when the first Prime Minister and first President of India were still around. So I have lived through the eras of all the Prime Ministers and Presidents of India that we had !

During all these decades, some good practices have taken root. On the other hand, we still have some bad practices that we need to get rid of.

Instead of talking about what the government should do, here I will largely discuss what we need to do. Since we are a democratic republic, our behaviour decides what the government does, rather than the other way round.

Here are some of my observations.

1. Someone else will do it:- This attitude, which is basically passing the buck, has harmed India a great deal over the decades. Instead of doing the work ourselves, we wait for someone else to do the job. As a result, that job remains pending. Worst still, that creates a long lasting problem for the nation.

2. Chalta hai attitude– We expect others to be perfect, but we ourselves are far too lax in our on dealings. We can find fault in the batting technique of Virat Kohli, but we rarely judge our own performance in our workplace with the same high standards.

3. Putting self interest before national interest– Look at the demands of any unions, be it staff union or officers union. All the ten points of their memorandum would contain demands about betterment of their perks, not a single demand would be about the betterment of the organisation.

4. Very few people, typically 1 % of the people are supposed to bear the burden of the entire population. For instance, only 1 % population of India pays income tax, and that money is then squandered in giving subsidy to “poor” people instead of helping them train to come out of “poverty”.

5. Wealth creation and wealth creators have been demonised in India. Poor people and Poverty get glorified. This state of affairs should change immediately.

6. Many indians suffer from inferiority complex vis a vis western countries. This inferiority complex is misplaced and is a result of systematic brainwashing.

The above are some of the points that one can think of without much effort.

What do I have to suggest to improve matters ?

I will make a one point suggestion, instead of making too many suggestions. My one point suggestion is, we have to overhaul our education system. The present education system churns our zombies, who lack the ability to think for themselves and are easily brainwashed. It serves the purpose of the self seeking politicians but it has harmed the country a great deal in all fields. Our education system encourages rote memory, rather than application of knowledge. No wonder our manpower cannot even do basic works, forget doing cutting edge technical works. Whatever competent manpower we have are not because of our education system but inspite of this education system.

We have framed our constitutution based on the British Constitution. But we have not framed our education system based on British education system. British (namely Lord Macauley) gave us an education system in India. Britain herself has an entirely different kind of education system, one that does not seek to produce semi literate babus, unlike the case in India. As soon as India had our constitution, we needed to have our own education system. It has become too late now. Seven decades too late, but better late than never. we can still try and ensure better education system for the future generations.

Instead of insisting on same degrees for everyone, we need to insist on vocational training based on the aptitude of students, instead of imposing the same kind of education on everyone.

Failing an elephant because it cannot climb a tree, failing a monkey because it cannot fly, comdemning a goat because it cannot uproot a tree, that is how our Macaulean education system judges its students.

India has requirements of qualified people in all fields. What is happening now is that all people take the same education.Those who score higher marks become engineers, doctors. Those who score lower marks become civil servants. Those who score even lower become clerks. People scoring even lower become peons, guards etc. Those who cannot get any jobs become freelancers. Those who are not good enough for any jobs become politicians. And all these people are not trained properly for their jobs ! A clerk is not trained to be a clerk. A security guard is not trained to be a security guard. When a civil contractor hires workers to execute his contract, the workers like say masons, or welders are not properly trained for their jobs. They have mostly learnt their work from other workers. In my proposed education system, a mason or a welder will need to be trained by a recognised welding trainer, a plumber by a recognised plumbing trainer etc. This is because continuous imporovemnt takes place in all fields of activities. Our workers whether in organised sector or unorganised sector are far far behind in their knowledge and mastery about latest advancements in their fields. Even security guards should have training.

The above discussion is largely for workers in manufacturing and services sector. The same is needed for the agriculture sector where Indian productivity is among the lowest in the world. One reason is that majority of farmers are not educated. Farmers too need to be well educated in their area of activity, instead of trying to earn the same meaningless degree as others.

In summary, our education system should ensure the supply of highly skilled manpower in all the fields. Even cleanliness, which is considered a menial work, is a specialised work, and people who are tasked with this work need to be well trained for this work.

As I have mentioned earlier, we need to identify the aptitude of individuals and give them vocational training based on his attitude. This is what happens in advanced nations. They do not encourage mindless enrolment in colleges for taking meaningless degrees.

We need not reinvent the wheel. The kind of education system that I have suggested in already available in advanced nations. I suggest that we adopt the German education system. It is a tried and tested education system and we all are aware of German products and their quality that this education system helps produce.

Any country can have two kinds of resources- one is natural resources (mineral ores etc) and other is human resources. One will notice that a country can develop only when its human resources are developed, even if they lack natural resources. For instance, Japan, Israel, Singapore are three nations that have negligible natural resources but they are highly advanced nations thanks to their sell trained human resource. On the other hand we have examples of countries (for example African countries) that are under developed despite possessing vast mineral resources.

India fortunately is very well blessed by nature. But we have failed to make the most of our nature given resources because we have not made the most of our human resources. If we harness our human resources, we sill not only utilise them produtively, we will also be able to take advantage of what the expetts describe as our potential demographic advantage (vast majority of population of India being in working ager group, unlike most other countries).

Today (26 January 2021) we are celebrating our 71st Republic day. We have quite a few things to feel proud about on this occasion. American and British media had predicted millions of covid 19 deaths in India. India has proved them wrong. It appears that these media were watching their own countries in mirror. As on today USA and Britain continue to reel under COVID 19 epidemic, ith Britain even “pioneering” a more dangerous strain of this virus. Unlike these countries, India is even offering low cost and safer vacceines to many countries of the nation.
See this thank you message by Brazil. Makes every Indian proud.

On this occasion, here is a song from “Anjaan”(1941). “Anjaan”(1941) was directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Bombay Talkies Limited, Bombay. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V H Desai, Girish, Suresh, P F Pithawala, Gulab, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Saiyyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dixit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Bhargavi etc in it.

One will notice that the song is from an era when India was not even independent, forget being a republic. But still this song is an appropriate song for the occasion. This song is penned by Kavi Pradeep who sore patriotism on his sleeves, that too in an era when it was very risky to do so. In this song, sung by Ashok Kumar and others, they exhort the naujaaan of Bharat (viz the human resource of India) to make the most of the opportunity that has presented itself to them. And the song advises them not to miss this opportunity unlike the missed opportunities of the past.

Pannalal Ghosh is the music director.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala many years ago. This happens to be the 500th lyrics contribution by Avinash Scrapwala in the blog. A befitting achievement for him on the occasion of the Indian Republic day, seeing that he too, like Kavi Pradeep, wears his partiotism on his sleeve.

On this occasion, I ish a happy republic day to one and all. Jai Hind.


Song-Kheencho kamaan kheencho (Anjaan)(1941) Singers-Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Revashankar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Aaj nishaana aa chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Aaj nishaana aa aa
Aaj nishaana chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana aa
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana
Jagah jagah toofaan bawandar r
Aankhen mat meenchon o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
O veeron ke santaan
Desh ko teeron se seencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

———————————-
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————-

खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
आज निशाना आ चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
आज निशाना आ आ
आज निशाना चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
वरना फिर होगा पछताना आ
वरना फिर होगा पछताना
जगह जगह तूफ़ान बवंडर र
आँखें मत मीचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
ओ वीरों के संतान
देश को
तीरों से सींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16181

Hullo Atuldom

A very Happy Republic day to one and all.

“India is my country
And all Indians are my brothers and sisters.
I love my country, and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
I shall always strive to be worthy of it.
I shall give respect to my parents, teachers, and all elders and treat everyone with courtesy.
To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion.
In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness
Jai Hind!.”

This is the national pledge which is commonly found printed in the opening pages of the school text books and calendars. It is recited in the morning assembly of most Indian schools. It is part of the Indian Constitution. It is commonly recited by Indians in unison at public events, Independence day, Republic day etc. At least it used be so when I was a student, don’t know if this is still in practice. We all know who wrote the National Anthem or the National song but the author of the National Pledge is largely unknown. His name is P.V. Subba Rao who was a Telugu author and bureaucrat who composed the pledge when he was serving as District Treasury Officer in Vishakapatnam district in 1962/63. It was subsequently translated into other languages. Apparently Subba Rao himself was unaware of the Pledge having been adopted as National Pledge till he heard his grand daughter reading it from a textbook.

Hope we all get back to taking the pledge today on our 71st Republic day.
“Diljale” (1996) had music by Anu Malik and Javed Akhtar was the lyricist. It was produced by Paramjeet Baweja and directed by Harry Baweja; Karan Razdan (of the popular Doordarshan serial “Rajani” fame) was its story-screenplay-dialogue writer. It had a cast headed by Sonali Bendre- Ajay Devgan- Madhoo- Parmeet Sethi and Amrish Puri, Shakti Kapoor, Himani Shivpuri, Farida Jalal, Akash Khurana, Master Raju (as Raju Shrivastav), Rakesh Bedi, Tinnu Anand, Aroon Bakshi, Gulshan Grover etc in the supporting cast.

It was the story of Shyam (Ajay Devgan) who is the son of a patriotic village leader (Akash Khurana) who is in love with Radhika (Sonali Bendre) daughter of the local politician and an erstwhile Rajasaheb. The Raja cannot digest the love between the college students because of economic and class differences. He also cannot tolerate the village leader who is an obstacle in his aim to usurp the land of the villagers. The Raja, with the help of the local corrupt cop Gulshan Grover manages to frame the village leader and brand Shyam a terrorist when the latter goes to question the Raja’s actions. This causes a rift between the lovers.

Shyam manages to escape and finds refuge with Dara (Amrish Puri) and his gang who are basically pawns at the hand of India’s enemies. Shyam as Shaka tries to settle scores with Rajasaheb, and in process a few of his associates are captured by the army. Dara and his gang then hijack a bus of Vaishnodevi pilgrims so that they can pressurize the army into releasing their gang members. Radhika and her aunt are also part of the hostages. This provides the ex-lovers opportunity to clarify misunderstandings. The movie then proceeds to the climax with Shaka/ Shyam managing to avenge his father’s humiliation etc. He also manages to bring a change in the thinking of Dara and his gang who surrender to the army when they see that Shaka steps on a landmine that was meant to blow them up. All-in-all it was an entertaining movie but IMHO the solution to the terrorist problem, as shown in the movie, was rather lame.

“Diljale” had Alka Yagnik, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Poornima, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and Master Aditya Narayan who has now grown into an adult and is a singer, composer and television host now. We have one song already in the blog out of the eight or nine songs that the movie had.

Today’s song is a two-version song. In the first version we have Akash Khurana lip-syncing to Kumar Sanu and tutoring his son about the motherland. The son lip-syncs to Aditya Narayan. This version has all the trappings of a National Day song with flag unfurling, releasing doves and Hindu Muslim bhaichara or unity as one may choose to view it. The second version starts as an antakshari played by the captives of Dara and gang and culminates as the patriotic song sung by Radhika in Kavita Krishnamurthy’s voice.

Incidentally 25th January happened to be Kavita Krishnamurthy’s 63rd birthday. She was born in Delhi as Sharada Krishnamurthy. She is married to Dr. L. Subramaniam a renowned composer, violinist, and conductor who is trained in Carnatic classical music as well as Western Classical music. Kavita got an opportunity to sing under the auspices of Hemant Kumar for a Bengali film in 1971 when she was still in college and Lata Mangeshkar was her co-singer. Hemantda’s daughter was instrumental in reintroducing Kavita to Hemantda and he began using her for his live performances. Manna Dey spotted her in one of these shows and then she sang a few advertisement jingles. Until 1985, when “Pyar Jhukta Nahin” happened, Kavita was a dubbing artist for many composers. “tumse milkar, na jaane kyun” and “Pyar Jhukta Nahin” was the turning point of her career. Here is wishing Kavita Krishnamurthy a life filled with happiness and music and good health.

Happy Republic Day once again.

Part I

Part II

Song-Mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan (Diljale)(1996) Singers-Kumar Sanu, Aditya Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik
Chorus

Lyrics

—————
Part I
—————

mera mulk mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
iss ke waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera mann
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyar ka chaman

aaa aahaha ha
aaa aahaha ha
aaaaaa a aaaaaa
aaaaaaaa

apne is chaman ko swarag hum banaayenge
kona kona apne desh ka sajaayenge
jashn hoga zindagi ka
honge sab magan
honge sab magan
iske waaste nisaar hai mera tan mera man
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman

mera mulk mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka
pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
iske waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera man
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman
ae watan ae watan ae watan
jaaneman jaaneman jaaneman

———————-
Part II
———————-

hai na bolo bolo,
hai na bolo bolo
papa bolo bolo,
mummy bolo bolo
papa ko mummy se
mummy ko papa se
pyaar hai
pyaar hai
pyaar hai

hum tum
ek kamre mein band hon
aur chaabhi kho jaaye
nainon ki bhool bhulaiya mein
bobby kho jaye
hum tum, ek kamre me band ho
aur chabhi kho jaaye

ek do teen char panch chhe
saat aath nau das gyarah barah terah
ek do teen
char panch chhe
sat aath nau das gyarah barah terah
tera karoon din gin gin ke intzaar
aaja piya aayi bahaar
tera karoon din gin gin ke intzar
aaja piya aayi bahaar

roop tera mastana, pyaar mera deewaana
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera diwana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera deewaana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye
raat nasheeli mast samaa hai
aaj nashe mein saara jahaan hai
haaye sharaabi mausam bahkaaye ae ae
roop tera mastana, pyaar mera diwana
bhool koi hamse na ho jaaye

ae bhai
ae bhai zara dekh ke chalo
aage hi nahin peechhe bhi
daayen hi nahi, baye bhi
upar hi nahi, neeche bhi
ae bhai, ae bhai zara dekh ke chalo
aage hi nahin pichhe bhi
daye hi nahin baye bhi
upar hi nahin neeche bhi ae bhai

eena meena deeka
eena meena deeka, daaye dama deeka
maka naka naka
cheeka peeka reeka
hey
eena meena deeka, daye dama dika
maka naka maka naka
peeka peeka rola rika
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
rampam posh saramm posh
eena meena deeka

kya karen kya na karen ye kaisi mushkil haye
kya kare, kya na kare, ye kaisi mushkil haye
koi to bata de, iska hal o mere bhai
ke ek taraf isse pyar kare
aur usko hi, ye kahne se daren hum

mera mulk, mera desh, mera ye watan
shaanti ka, unnati ka, pyaar ka chaman

mera mulk
mera desh
mera ye watan
shaanti ka
unnati ka, pyaar ka chaman
iske waaste nisaar hai
mera tan
mera man
ae watan
ae watan
ae watan
jaaneman
jaaneman
jaaneman

kal ke saare waade aaj tootne lage
haath mein jo haath thhe wo chhootne lage
kaash laut aaye pahle jaisa apna man

ae watan, ae watan, ae watan
jaaneman, jaaneman, jaaneman

mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka unnati ka pyaar ka chaman
mera mulk mera desh mera ye watan
shaanti ka


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4571 Post No. : 16175

I was not around when India got freedom from British Raj. When I was growing up, we were told that India won her freedom through non violent movement. Some people like Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Subhash Chandra Bose etc found passing mention who were not part of non violent movement.

I was around when Bangladesh won her freedom from Pakistan in 1971. I was surprised to know what Bangladeshis are taught about their freedom. They are taught that Mukti bahini defeated Pakistani army and secured freedom for Bangladesh from Pakistan ! There is no mention of the fact that there was a full fledged war between India and Pakistan and that Pakistanis army, with 93000 Pakistani soldiers, surrendered before Indian army in Dhaka, leading to the independence of Bangladesh. There is a famous surrender photograph to prove it.

As for Pakistan, they are taught in their text books that Pakistan had defeated India in 1971 war but the scheming Indians in collusion with the entire world got Bangladesh to separate from Pakistan. There is no mention of the fact in Pakistani history textbooks that Pakistani army massacred 3 million East Pakistanis and raped 5 lakh East Pakistani women in what was a human right abuse second only to what was perperated by Nazis on jews during second world war, which ultimately led to the liberation of Bangladesh.

Who knows, we Indians too may have been been disinformed about our freedom struggle the way Bangladeshis are disinformed about their freedom from Pakistan ! Today, in the era of internet we have access to information over and above what we were taught in India in our history textbooks. And the facts that emerge from these independent sources differ from what we have been told in India.

When the second world war ended, Britain had paid a heavy price for their war efforts. Britain, which was the largest economy in the world a few decades ago, found their economy in a bad shape. So much so that they had to take loan from USA (the new superpower) to shore up their economy. Britain had looted the resources of their colonies and they could no longer afford to hold on to their colonies as holding on to them had become prohibitively expensive for them.

Here is the lowdown about British economy in the aftermath of world war 2:-

Labour rejoiced at its political triumph, the first independent parliamentary majority in the party’s history, but it faced grave problems. The war had stripped Britain of virtually all its foreign financial resources, and the country had built up “sterling credits”—debts owed to other countries that would have to be paid in foreign currencies—amounting to several billion pounds. Moreover, the economy was in disarray. Some industries, such as aircraft manufacture, were far larger than was now needed, while others, such as railways and coal mines, were desperately short of new equipment and in bad repair. With nothing to export, Britain had no way to pay for imports or even for food. To make matters worse, within a few weeks of the surrender of Japan, on September 2, 1945, U.S. President Harry S. Truman, as he was required to do by law, ended lend-lease, upon which Britain had depended for its necessities as well as its arms. John Maynard Keynes, as his last service to Great Britain, had to negotiate a $3.75 billion loan from the United States and a smaller one from Canada. In international terms, Britain was bankrupt.

Also this:

Withdrawal from the empire
——————————
Britain, not entirely by coincidence, was also beginning its withdrawal from the empire. Most insistent in its demand for self-government was India. The Indian independence movement had come of age during World War I and had gained momentum with the Massacre of Amritsar of 1919. The All-India Congress Party, headed by Mohandas K. Gandhi, evoked sympathy throughout the world with its policy of nonviolent resistance, forcing Baldwin’s government in the late 1920s to seek compromise. The eventual solution, embodied in the Government of India Act of 1935, provided responsible government for the Indian provinces, the Indianization of the civil service, and an Indian parliament, but it made clear that the Westminster Parliament would continue to legislate for the subcontinent. The act pleased no one, neither the Indians, the Labour Party, which considered it a weak compromise, nor a substantial section of the Conservative Party headed by Churchill, which thought it went too far. Agitation in India continued.

Further British compromise became inevitable when the Japanese in the spring of 1942 swept through Burma to the eastern borders of India while also organizing in Singapore a large Indian National Army and issuing appeals to Asian nationalism. During the war, Churchill reluctantly offered increasing installments of independence amounting to dominion status in return for all-out Indian support for the conflict. These offers were rejected by both the Muslim minority and the Hindu majority.

The election of a Labour government at the end of World War II coincided with the rise of sectarian strife within India. The new administration determined with unduly urgent haste that Britain would have to leave India. This decision was announced on June 3, 1947, and British administration in India ended 10 weeks later, on August 15. Burma (now Myanmar) and Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) received independence by early 1948. Britain, in effect, had no choice but to withdraw from colonial territories it no longer had the military and economic power to control.

The same circumstances that dictated the withdrawal from India required, at almost the same time, the termination of the mandate in Trans-Jordan, the evacuation of all of Egypt except the Suez Canal territory, and in 1948 the withdrawal from Palestine, which coincided with the proclamation of the State of Israel. It has been argued that the orderly and dignified ending of the British Empire, beginning in the 1940s and stretching into the 1960s, was Britain’s greatest international achievement. However, like the notion of national unity during World War II, this interpretation can also be seen largely as a myth produced by politicians and the press at the time and perpetuated since. The ending of empire was calculated upon the basis of Britain’s interests rather than those of its colonies. National interest was framed in terms of the postwar situation—that is, of an economically exhausted, dependent Britain, now increasingly caught up in the international politics of the Cold War. What later became known as “decolonization” was very often shortsighted, self-interested, and not infrequently bloody, as was especially the case in Malaysia (where the politics of anticommunism played a central role) and in Kenya.

So, as can be seen from the accounts of British historians, Britain was in no position to hold on to its colonies and they left these colonies as soon as they could. It is not just India, but also other colonies that got liberated one after other in the wake of world war 2. The circumstances that led to British haste was only partially to do with Mahatma Gandhi led movement. British historians mention Indian National Army also as a reason, something which Indian historians sought to push under the carpet.

The report also mentions rise of sectarian strifes within India. So those indulging in sectarian strifes were certainly not following non violence as preached by Gandhiji, but they too were contributing to British unease. It also shows that British rules found themselved unable to prevent these sectarian violences.

It would appear to me that British rulers did not fear non violent protest as much as they feared violence. It is the violence that began frequent in the second half of 1940s that unnerved the British. British ruled India through a machinery manned by Indians.

The INA trials, the stories of Subhas Chandra Bose (“Netaji”), as well as the stories of INA’s fight during the Siege of Imphal and in Burma were seeping into the glaring public-eye at the time. These, received through the wireless sets and the media, fed discontent and ultimately inspired rebellion in the ranks of navy.

A rebellion of Royal Indian air force, followed by a full fledged mutiny of Royal Indian Navy did take place in 1946. From the initial flashpoint in Bombay on 18 february 1946, the revolt spread and found support throughout British India, from Karachi to Calcutta, and ultimately came to involve over 20,000 sailors in 78 ships and shore establishments.

The mutiny was suppressed by British troops and Royal Navy warships. Total casualties were 8 dead and 33 wounded.

The rebelling Indian Naval personnel began calling themselves the “Indian National Navy” and offered left-handed salutes to British officers. At some places, NCOs in the British Indian Army ignored and defied orders from British superiors. In Madras and Poona (now Pune), the British garrisons had to face some unrest within the ranks of the Indian Army. Widespread rioting took place from Karachi to Calcutta. Notably, the revolting ships hoisted three flags tied together – those of the Congress, Muslim League, and the Red Flag of the Communist Party of India (CPI), signifying the unity and downplaying of communal issues among the mutineers.

The revolt was called off following a meeting between the President of the Naval Central Strike Committee (NCSC), M. S. Khan, and Vallab Bhai Patel of the Congress, who had been sent to Bombay to settle the crisis. Patel issued a statement calling on the strikers to end their action, which was later echoed by a statement issued in Calcutta by Mohammed Ali Jinnah on behalf of the Muslim League. Under these considerable pressures, the strikers gave way. Arrests were then made, followed by courts martial and the dismissal of 476 sailors from the Royal Indian Navy. None of those dismissed were reinstated into either the Indian or Pakistani navies after independence.

As can be guessed, such s revolt by a wing of armed forces is a serious matter and it must have unnerved the British. And just look at the name that these mutineers chose for themselves- India National Navy. Clearly inspired from the name “Indian National Army” that Subhash Chandra Bose had given to his army. So Subhash Chandra Bose was influencing Indian armed forces in a manner that was not to the liking of British government.

The weekly intelligence summary issued on 25 March 1946 admitted that the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force units were no longer trustworthy, and, for the Army, “only day to day estimates of steadiness could be made”. The situation has thus been deemed the “Point of No Return.”

In 1967 during a seminar discussion marking the 20th anniversary of Independence; it was revealed by the British High Commissioner of the time John Freeman (1965-1968), that the mutiny of 1946 had raised the fear of another large scale mutiny along the lines of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, from the 2.5 million Indian soldiers who had participated in the Second World War. The mutiny had accordingly been a large contributing factor to the British deciding to leave India. “The British were petrified of a repeat of the 1857 Mutiny, since this time they feared they would be slaughtered to the last man”.

There it is. The main reason why British left India was not non violent movement of independence, but fear of rebellion like in 1857, and this time fear of rebellion by armed forces, and not just some small time rulers (as in 1857). This fact was admitted by no less than a person than the British High Commissioner to India. And this state of affairs was caused by Subhash Chandra Bose. It was this kind of influence that Subhash Chandra Bose had on collective psyche of British rulers. It is a fact that has been carefully kept hidden by Indian historians. In fact the naval mutiny was not even known to most Indians. It has become known only in later decades when gathering information became easier thanks to internet.

This view that Mahatma Gandhi’s new found weapon of non violence defeated British and that Subhash Chandra Bose was just a misguided partiot who failed to see the merits of non violence was not exactly subscribed to by British rulers. For that matter it was not even subscribed to by large sections of people in India itself, viz those who were demanding separate Pakistan through violent means such as direct action day (16 august 1946) which saw an estimated 4000 people dead in bloody violence in one day. This violence sparked off further religious riots in the surrounding regions of Noakhali, Bihar, United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh), Punjab, and the North Western Frontier Province. These events sowed the seeds for the eventual Partition of India.

In summary, Subhash Chandra Bose’s contribution to Indian independence is far greater than what he is given credit for. His contribution has been conveniently pushed under the carpet. Hopefully, in future, his contribution will be realised and appreciated. He was not a misguided patriot, he was a great visionary, who had the drive and energy to implement his vision. He raised Indian National Army. His army got defeated no doubt, but it was defeated by fellow Indians fighting for British army. It was the age old problem of India, where Indians, at the behest of foreign powers, would act against Indian interests. No doubt INA got defeated and a few of their personnel were subjected to trial, but these trials galvanised Indian public, including sections of Indian armed forces. That way, Subhash Chandra Bose (by that time already dead) turned the tables on the British rulers. Even though his army was defeated, his army caught the imagination of Indians and drew widespread public support for themselves during INA trials. British rulers were more afraid of the prospect of armed forces rebellion, which could have happened at any time according to the assessment of British rulers. So that was a major reason why they left India in a hurry.

We have been discussing songs from “Bose-A Forgotten Hero”(2004) on 23 January of various years. So far we have covered three songs from the movie on 23rd January of three different years as shown below:-

Blog post number Song Date posted
7394 Mujhe yaad aati hai 23 January 2013
13964 Jodi tod daak shene keu na aashe…tanha raahi apni raah chalta jaayegaa 23 January 2018
14853 Ham Dilli Dilli jaayenge 23 January 2019

The routine of these posts is always the same, Avinash Scrapala, our inhouse hardcore patriot who keeps track of the anniversaries of various freedom fighters, sends me the lyrics, with request for my writeup. 🙂 He knows that I cannot help but summon up my increasingly dwindling creative juices to come up with some heartfelt tribute on the occasion.

So here it is, yet another song from “Bose The Forgotten Hero”(2004) on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary (DoB 23 January 1897) of Subhash Chandra Bose.

The song is sung and composed by A R Rahman. Some chorus is also there but their words are not clear. Lyrics are by Jawed Akhtar.

Only the audio of the song seems to be available. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks in the lyrics.

Audio

Video (Partial)

Song-Jaage hain ab saare (Bose- The forgotten hero)(2004) Singer-A R Rahman, Lyrics-Jawed Akhtar, MD-A R Rahman
Chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapala)

???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
???
tiranga pyaara
jai hind ka naara

jaage hain ab saare ae
log tere
log tere ae
dekh watan
goonje hai naaron se
ab ye zameen
aur ye gagan
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
soone thhe sab raste
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
par ab hain saath mere
laakhon dilon ki dhadkan
dekh watan

aazaadi ee paayenge ae
aazaadi ee laayenge
aazaadi ee chhaayegi
aazaadi ee aayegi
aayegi

???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
dushman ko lalkaara
???
tiranga pyaara
????

jaage hain ab saare ae
log tere ae
dekh watan
goonje hain naaron se
ab ye zameen
aur ye gagan
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
soone thhe sab raste
kal tak main tanhaa thhaa
par ab hain saath mere
laakhon dilon ki ee dhadkan
dekh watan

ham chaahen aazaadi
ham maangen ae aazaadi
aazaadi ee chhaayegi
aazaadi ee aayegi
aayegi

jai ???
???
dushman ko lalkaara
jai ???
???
desh ko pyaara
tiranga pyaara
????


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4463 Post No. : 15945

Hullo Atuldom

“Rajput” was released on 16/04/1982. That was 38 years and six months ago. It was produced by Mushir -Riaz and directed by Vijay Anand. It was the story of a minor kingdom in Rajputana and placed during the time of accession to the Indian Union.

The king of that state (played by Murad) kills himself as he is unable to handle the taking of his kingdom by a decree of the Indian Government. His son Jaipal (Ranjeet) refuses to hand over the kingdom to the government and is almost a tyrant king and has a few dacoits under his payroll. In this background Police Superintendent Dhirendra Singh (Rajesh Khanna) assumes duties in that area and at the same time his parents arrange for his marriage with Janki (Hema Malini). He falls in love with her on sight unaware that she is in love with Manu (Dharmendra). On the day of the wedding with Dhirendra, Janaki is abducted by Jaipal’s nephew (Tej Sapru) as the doli is not its way to the sasural. But Manu kills Tej Sapru, rescues Janki and goes to jail to serve term for the murder. Meantime Janki settles into wedded life. Jaipal’s atrocities are directed towards Manu’s family and he has his father killed, his brother Bhanu (Vinod Khanna) turns a baaghi (an option which all oppressed take in most films of that time) as Jaipal has set his evil eye on Bhanu’s sweetheart Kamli (Ranjeeta). So now Bhanu has become Bhawani and Dhirendra Singh is entrusted the task of hunting down all dacoits of the area. He asks Manu (who has been released from prison for good conduct) to help in this mission. He goes out looking for Bhawani Daaku unaware that he is his own brother. During the course of the movie Dhirendra finds out that the child whom Janki has given birth to, is Manu’s. He finds that Jaipal is the biggest dacoit of the region who blackmails the SP (Rajesh Khanna) to handover the case file which he has prepared in exchange of his son whom he has kidnapped. The movie moves towards the climax when all the heroes join forces to bring Jaipal (Ranjeet) and his gang of bandits to the law and avenge all personal scores. In between all this Jaipal’s daughter (Tina Munim) switches over to Bhanu’s side when he shows her her father’s reality.

Very straight forward story, right? This was a movie that took time in reaching the marquee but was reasonably successful. I see this movie whenever it come on television.

“Rajput” had 6 songs including one two part song. Of this five are posted as under

Song Date of posting
Mere sang sang aaya teri yaadon ka mela Multiple version song 2 September 2008
Bhaagi re bhaagi bhaagi brijbaala 20 March 2011
Kahaaniyaan sunaati hai pawan aati jaati 22 February 2012
Doli ho doli 10 April 2019

Today’s song is the final song. In the movie too it happens just before the climax. It is after Jaya (Tina) learns the truth about her father and the brothers have reunited after Manu (Dharam) discovers that Bhawani is Bhanu (Vinod Khanna). Just before the song Ranjeeta, who is by then the unwed mother of Ranjeet’s child, has joined Bhawani and his team. The song speaks about love for motherland and fighting to overthrow the oppressor.

I would like to state my personal opinion here:- in this post of his Atulji has mentioned that Dharam, Rajesh Khanna and Hema were all towards the end of their careers as lead actors. I beg to differ- Rajesh Khanna’s Souten, Avatar, Amrit etc came after this. As also Hema’s Satte Pe Satta etc were post this. I can agree to your statement about Dharam because in the movies of Dharam, which came after this, we saw him play father-like characters to Govinda, Anil Kapoor, Sunny, Sanjay Dutt etc. But those are my thoughts and I am open to people’s disagreement.

There were comments posted on another song of this movie which said that the mustache didn’t suit the heroes, but they are all entitled to experiment on their looks no? We have heroes, these days, who have lot of facial hair and some even sport extra-long hair.

The purpose of re-visiting this movie is to remember the handsome Vinod Khanna on his 74th birthday today. He was born in Peshawar in 1946, and was raised in Bombay (Mumbai). His first love was cricket, having played the game as a college student. But he soon realized that he couldn’t be a Vishwanath and so pursued his second passion-acting. His career began with “Man Ka Meet” in 1968 as a villain. His next few movies saw him as a supporting actor and/or an antagonist in Rajesh Khanna films of the 70s- “Aan Milo Sajna” for example. He was not averse to playing the second lead too. He appeared in 54 solo hero films and 47 multi-starrers and he was successful in half of each. He had a brief hiatus in the ’80s when he gave up everything to be Acharya Rajneesh’s disciple. He made a comeback in 1984 with “Insaaf”. He was one actor whose sense of rhythm helped him in the song and dance routines which are mandatory in Indian movies. In the last few years of his career we saw him as dad to Salman Khan in “Dabangg” “Wanted” etc. The last movie of VK that I ejoyed was “Ek Rani Aisi Bhi Thi” which saw him play Maharaja Jiwaji Rao Scindia with Hema Malini as his Rani.

Thinking of Vinod Khanna today on his birth anniversary.

Editor’s note:- Lyrics of this song were sent by Prakashchandra quite some time back.

Audio

Video

Song-Sabne des ka naam liya (Raajput)(1982) Singers-Mahendra Kapoor, Manhar Udhas, Hemlata, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal
Chorus
Female chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

hoooo oooo
ooooo
sabne des ka naam liya
sabne des ka naam liya
arre hum ne dil ko oo thhaam liya
hum ne dil ko oo thhaam liya
sabne hindustan kahaa aa
sabne hindustan kahaa
aur hamne apni jaan kahaa
waah waah waah waah
waah waah

apni jaan se apni jaa…aaan
apni jaan se apni jaan
bachaake hamein kya karna hai ae
yahin pe humko jeena hai
yahin pe humko marna hai

yahin pe humko jeena hai
yahin pe humko marna hai

apni jaan se apni jaan
bachaake hamein kya karna hai
yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai
yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai

la la laa la laa
la la laa la laa
la la laa la laa
la la laa la laa

tu hai mast akele mein
aaha main bhi hoon is mele mein
aa aa tu hai mast akele mein
aa aa
main bhi hoon is mele mein

dil ko yaad tu hi tu,
des ke baad hai tu hi tu

oho ho ooo
dil ko yaad hai tu hi tu,
desh ke baad hai tu hi tu
bandh ke sehra tere hi
kadmon mein yeh sar dharna hai

yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai

yahin pe humko pyaar mila aa aa aa
yahin pe humko pyaar mila
yahin hamein sansaar mila aa aa aa aa
yahin hamein sansaar mila
yahin pe humko pyaar mila
ooo yahin hamaari galiyan hai,
yahin pe sab rang raliyaan hain
yahin hamaari galiyaan hain
yahin pe sab rang raliyan hain

issi dagar pe pyas hamasri,
issi dagar pe jharna hai
yahin pe humko jeena hai
yahin pe humko marna hai

saawan gaya gayi holi
hum kab milenge humjoli
hooo
saawan gaya gayi holi

jeewan hai sangram abhi
oooo
pyar ka na le naam abhi
ooooo
jeewan hai sangram abhi,
pyar ka na le naam abhi
teri mang mein o gori
sindoor lahu se bharna hai ae

yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai

aaaa aaaaa
kaanton se talwaar bana aaa,
kaanton se talwaar bana
phoolon ke mat haar bana aaa aaa,
phoolon ke mat haar bana
kaanton se talwaar bana
o tu jab yudh par jayega
jeet ke jab tu aayega
tu jab yudh par jayega
jeet ke jab tu aayega
yeh phoolon ke haar pehan
gali se tujhe guzarna hai

yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai
yahin pe humko jeena hai
(oooooo),
yahin pe humko marna hai (oooooo)
yahin pe humko jeena hai,
yahin pe humko marna hai
yahin pe humko jeena hai
yahin pe humko marna hai


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4455 Post No. : 15930

“Sikandar e Aazam”(1965) was directed by Kedar Kapoor for N C Films, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Prithviraj Kapoor, Dara Singh, Mumtaz, Veena, Prem Chopra, Rajan Haksar, Vijaylaxmi, Burhanuddin, Saudagar Singh, H Prakash, Praveen Pal, Shyam Kumar, Jagdeesh Sethi, Jeewan, Madhumati, Helen, Ganga, Premnath etc in it.

This movie had five songs in it. Four songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details of these songs :-

Song Remarks
Jahaan daal daal par sone ki chidiyaan karti hai baseraa 15.08.2008
Ho more gore badan pe gulaabi nazariyaa na daal 05.09.2010
O mere yaar o dildaar mere saath saath tera pyaar 17.11.2011
Pilaayi toone o saqiyaa 05.09.2020

One can see that the iconic patriotic song Jahaan daal daal par sone ki chidiyaan karti hai baseraa is from this movie.

The fifth snd final song from the movie is also a patriotic song. This song is sung by Mahendra Kapoor and chorus. Rajinder Krishan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Hansraj Bahl.

This song, being discussed on 28 september 2020 pays tribute to Mahendra Kapoor, a singer of many iconic patriotic songs whose remembrance day falls on 27 september. Today is the 113th birth annivdrsary of the great Freedom fighter martyr Shaheed Bhagat Singh(28 september 1907-23 march 1931 and we pay our humble tribute to him on this day.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.

With this song, all the songs of “Sikandar e Azam”(1965) are covered in the blog and the movie thus joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Dushman sar par khada jaag re (Sikandar e Azam)(196) Singer-Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics-Rajinder Krishan, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

(dialogues not included)

dushman sar par khadaa jaag re ae°°°°°
ae ae
dushman sar par khadaa jaag re ae°°°°°
ae ae
bhaarat ki santaan
katraa katraa simat simat kar
ban jaaye toofaan
toofaan
toofaan
toofaan°°°°°

ae maa tere bachche kayi karod
aye maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
aandhi toofaan ke paaley
laaj teri ke rakhwaale ae
maa aa
tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod

teraa aanchal chhoonewaalaa
haath kaat kar rakh denge
tere charnon mein dushman ka
kataa huaa sar rakh denge
nikal pade hain rann mein tere
doodh ki keemat denewaale ae
aandhi toofaan ke paaley
laaj teri ke rakhwaale ae
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod

lahoo ragon mein ubal rahaa hai
aaj kaam ye aayegaa
jahaan giregi ek boond
wahaan ek qilaa ban jaayegaa
maataa bete amar hain tere
mit kar bhi nahin mitnewaale ae
aandhi toofaan ke paaley
laaj teri ke rakhwaale ae
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod

dushman samjhe sirf ahinsaawaadi se
ye takkar hai
wo kya jaane har ungli mein
ek sudarshan chakkar hai
datey huye hain mod mod par
Bhim aur Arjun matwaale ae
aandhi toofaan ke paaley
laaj teri ke rakhwaale ae
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
aandhi toofaan ke paaley
laaj teri ke rakhwaale ae
maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod

tere bachche kayi karod
aye maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
tere bachche kayi karod
aye maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
tere bachche kayi karod
ae maa aa tere bachche kayi karod
tere bachche kayi karod

————————————————————-
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————–
दुश्मन सर पर खडा जाग रे ए°°°°°
ए ए
दुश्मन सर पर खडा जाग रे ए°°°°°
ए ए
भारत कि संतान
कतरा कतरा सिमट सिमट कर
बन जाए तूफ़ान
तूफ़ान
तूफ़ान
तूफ़ान°°°°°

अय माँ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
आंधी तूफ़ान के पाले
लाज तेरी के रखवाले ए
माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़

तेरा आँचल छूनेवाला
हाथ काट कर रख देंगे
तेरे चरणों में दुश्मन का
कटा हुआ सर रख देंगे
निकल पड़े हैं रण में तेरे
दूध कि कीमत देनेवाले ए
आंधी तूफ़ान के पाले
लाज तेरी के रखवाले ए
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़

लहू रगों में उबल रहा है
आज काम ये आयेगा
जहां गिरेगी एक बूँद
वहाँ एक किला बन जाएगा
माता बेटे अमर है तेरे
मिट कर भी नहीं मिटनेवाले ए
आंधी तूफ़ान के पाले
लाज तेरी के रखवाले ए
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़

दुश्मन समझे सिर्फ अहिंसावादी से
ये टक्कर है
वो क्या जाने हर ऊँगली में
एक सुदर्शन चक्कर है
डंटे हुए है मोड़ मोड़ पर
भीम और अर्जुन मतवाले ए
आंधी तूफ़ान के पाले
लाज तेरी के रखवाले ए
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
आंधी तूफ़ान के पाले
लाज तेरी के रखवाले ए
माँ आ
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़

तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़ अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
अय माँ आ तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़
तेरे बच्चे कई करोड़


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16492

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered =4475

Total visits so far

  • 14,613,974 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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