Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Patriotic song’ Category


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4820 Post No. : 16596 Movie Count :

4522

Today 28th September, we remember Sardar Bhagat Singh (28th September 1907 – 23rd March 1931), on his 114th birth anniversary.

We on the blog pay our tributes to him by posting a song from the movies made on his life.

I have mentioned in my earlier posts that the year 2002 was a special year from the point of view of ‘movies made on Bhagat Singh’. That year three movies were released on the life of Bhagat Singh.

23rd March 1931 Shaheed

The Legend of Bhagat Singh

Shaheed-E-Azam

We have already introduced the movies ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ and ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’ on the blog.
“23rd March 1931 Shaheed” and “The Legend of Bhagat Singh” were released on the same date, and the third movie “Shaheed-E-Azam” was delayed and was released later in the same year i.e.,2002.

All the movies covered the story of Bhagat Singh from his birth to death, including important incidences of Bhagat Singh’s life. All these were presented by interweaving of songs which too were based on same incidences and theme.

The movie ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ was almost frame to frame copy of ‘Shaheed-1965’ of Manoj Kumar.

I have been fortunate to present a few songs from the movies made on Bhagat Singh earlier on the blog, they are –

Shaheed – 1965 ( pagdi sambhaal jatta on 28.09.2013)

Shaheed E Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh – 1974 ( vekho loko on 23.03.2016)

The Legend of Bhagat Singh – 2002 ( desh mere desh mere meri jaan hai tu on 28.09.2018)

23rd March 1931 – Shaheed ( saans hain jab talak naa rukenge kadam on 23.03.2021)

Today I am going to present a song from the movie ‘Shaheed E Azam-2002’. It was directed by Sukumar Nair for ‘Surjit Movies’.

This movie was produced by Iqbal Gill. Gurmail Singh Dhami and Harjinder Dhami were the co-producers of this movie.

This movie had Sonu Sood in the role of Bhagat Singh. The other star cast included Raj Zutshi, Binnu Dhillon, Manav Vij, Dev Gill, Rajendra Gupta, Shama Sikander, Abhijeet Lahiri, Sadhana Singh, Ron Sladczyk and others.

Dialogues of this movie were written by Harinder Gill while its editing was done by Omkar Bhakri.

This movie was passed by Censor Board on 23.05.2002.

Lyrics for the songs in this movie were written by Khwaja Parvez and S.M. Sadiq. This movie also included poetry of Baba Bule Shah and Sardar Bhagat Singh.

Music of this movie was composed by Maqbool Khan, Sabar Ali (Pakistan) and Sardool Sikender.

Today’s song is sung by Roop Kumar Rathod and Udit Narayan. On screen it is performed by Sonu Sood, Manav Vij, and Binnu Dhillon (I guess). This song happens to be in the jail premises as its picturisation shows.

Let us listen to today’s song now and pay our tributes to Bhagat Singh on his birth anniversary today.

(I have not been able to note correct words in Punjabi language, I would request knowledgeable readers to correct me wherever it is required.)

Audio

Video


Song-Aazaadai hai khwaab hamaara (Shaheed e Azam)(2002) Singers-Roop Kumar Rathod, Udit Narayan, Lyrics-Khwaza Parvez, MD-Maqbool Khan, Sabar Ali (Pakistan), Sardool Sikender

Lyrics

ab to khaa chuke hain
aen aen
chittor ke gadh ki qasmein
aen aen aen aen
sarfaroshi ki adaa hoti hai
yoon hi een een een rasmein

aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi ki khaatir denge
hans ke apni jaan
aazaadi hai ae ae
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

marnaa to hai ek haqeeqat
marnaa to hai ek haqeeqat
is se kyun inkaar karen
haan haan
is se kyun inkaar karen
apni maut ki ungli pakadkar
apni maut ki ungli pakadkar
ham dushman par waar karein
haan haan
ham dushman par waar karein
marnaa to hai ek haqeeqat
is se kyun inkaar karen
apni maut ki ungli pakadkar
ham dushman par waar karein
desh ke khaatir mar jaana to
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o
oye desh ki khaatir mar jaana to
apnaa hai armaan
aazaadi hai ae
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaane
jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaane
o thaan thaan sajde karde nahin
jede ek de hoke reh jaande
jede ek de hoke reh jaande
o mard jaan te marde nahin
jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaane
jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaa aa aa aa ne

ho jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaan
jinaa ishq namaazaan
padhiyaan
jinaa ishq namaazaa
padhiyaan
thaan thaan nahin karde sajde
o mar bhi jaayen to mitraan nahin marde
nahin marde
o nahin marde ae ae ae

unke upar rang basanti
ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee
hoye
unke upar rang basanti
aape chadh de jaan
aazaadi hai
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi ki khaatir denge
hans ke apni jaan
aazaadi hai
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan

inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

khudgarzi ki oat mein baithhe
khudgarzi ki oat mein baithhe
bane nishaan ye ibhrat ka
haan haan haan
bane nishaan ye ibhrat ka
laalach ke andhon ne dekha
laalach ke andhon ne dekha
khoob tamaashaa gairat ka
haan haan
khoob tamaashaa gairat ka
baandh ke patti
besharmi ki ee ee
ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee
aga baandh ke patti besharmi ki
ban baithhe pardhan
aazaadi hai
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi ki khaatir denge
hans ke apni jaan
aazaadi hai
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
aazaadi hai khwaab hamaara
aazaadi imaan
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad
inquilaab zindaabaad

vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande

vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande

inquilaab zindaabaad


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4808 Post No. : 16576

Few days back, I came across an obscure song rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar from the film ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). The surname ‘Tanjorkar’ sounded odd to me. It was apparent that Janardan was from Tanjore (now Thanjavur). But why did he use a Maharashtrian sounding surname? Was he a Maharashtrian whose family migrated to Thanjavur during the reign of Marathas in the 17th and 18th centuries? A search on the internet revealed a very interesting family background of Janardan Tanjorkar.

Janardan Tanjorkar (1913-1980) was born in Baroda (now Vadodara) to Devdasi Kantimathi Amma and Appaswamy Pillai. Kantimathi was a Bharatnatyam dancer attached to Brihdhiswara temple in Thanjavur and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai was the Nattuvanar, a kind of a Guru and a Choreographer who accompanied the devdasi dancers as a dance master, the music conductor and the vocal percussionist. Janardan got his initial training from Kumbakonam Narayanswamy Iyer and Palghat Mani Iyer and learnt Mirdangam and Carnatic vocal.

Sometime in 1880-81, a troupe of two devdasi Bharatnatyam dancers, along with two Nattuvanars and musicians were sent to Baroda as a part of dowry during the marriage of Princess Chimanabai (born Laxmibai) of Thanjavur with Prince Sayajirao (III) Gaekwad of Baroda. Kantimathi Amma as a Bharatnatyam dancer and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai as Nattuvanar joined the troupe after a couple of years as replacement for an earlier dancer and Nattuvanar respectively. Kantimanthi and her cousin, Gowri performed the Bharatnatyam dance in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda on Wednesdays and Saturdays. That was the beginning of introducing Bharatnatyam outside the Madras Presidency to the western and later to the northern India. In Baroda, Appaswamy Pillai adopted the family name of ‘Tanjorkar’ in keeping with the Maharashtrian tradition.

In Baroda, Janardan Tanjorkar learnt violin and became a violin player in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda. Here, he came into contact with Ustad Faiyyaz Khan, a Hindustani classical vocalist with Baroda court who trained him as a Hindustani classical vocalist. Janardan also learnt playing other musical instruments like Saraswati Veena while in Baroda. Over a period of time, he learnt both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music and became experts in playing multiple musical instruments.

Janardan Tanjorkar moved to Mumbai sometime during the second half of 1940s and became a graded artist of All India Radio as a violinist and vocalist. He also taught violin to music students and accompanied the Bharatnatyam dancers as a violinist.

Janardan’s younger brother, Kubernath Tanjorkar was an exponent of Bharatnatyam and became Nattuvanar in the court of Maharaja of Baroda. Later, he was appointed as the Professor of Dance at the Faculty of Fine Arts of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University, Vadodara. After retirement, he established Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre in Vadodara, Presently, his third generation is involved with the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music at this centre.

Janardan Tanjorkar had three sons and five daughters. All the three sons – Venugopal, Shekhar and Dayanand are based in Mumbai and are connected with Bharatnatyam dance and music. His grand-daughter, Dr. Madhu Tanjorkar (daughter of Shekhar), is a solo violinist and vocalist, both in Carnatic and Hindustani classical music. She has taken Bharatnatyam and the classical music to Manchester and the northern part of the UK where she runs music schools besides participating in concerts in India and abroad.

This is an unique case where a dowry in the form of Bharatnatyam dance troupe resulted in the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music, probably for the first time outside the then Madras Presidency in Vadodara. The troupe created the Thanjavur legacy of Bharatnatyam dance in the pure traditional form in the midst of a different cultural setting.

Janardan Tanjorkar had shifted his base in Mumbai during the second half of 1940s. However, it seems, he had no interest in singing in films. The only film song he sang during his life time was in ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). Probably, Ninu Mazumdar, the music director of the film knew Janardan as both were associated with All India Radio, Mumbai.

‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948) was produced by Kantilal Acharya under the banner of Shanti Pictures and was directed by Ninu Mazumdar who also wrote the story and was also the music director for the film. The star cast comprised of mostly newcomers with Sudha Rao and Ramesh Arora in the lead roles. They were supported by Ramesh Sinha, Purnima Chowdhary and Dube. It was a maiden film for Kantilal Acharya as a producer, Ninu Mazumdar as a director, Ramesh Arora and Purnima Chowdhary as actors.

I have no idea about the story of the film. As per the report on Filmindia magazine, the film was privately screened in August 1948 for Morarji Desai, the then Home Minister of Bombay State and other dignitaries. The home minister had congratulated the producer for the novelty of the theme. In the absence of the film, it is difficult to know as to what was the novelty in the story of the film. The title of the film would, however, suggest that the theme of the story may be something to do with the fresh thinking for the people of the post-independent India as to how to move forward to rebuild India.

The film had 10 songs of which one song has been covered on the Blog. Except for two songs – one each accredited to Meerabai and Amir Khusrau, the lyricist/s for the rest of the songs are not known. I am presenting the second song, ‘aisa desh hamaara santon’ rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar to appear on the Blog. The song is set to music by Ninu Mazumdar. From the lyrics of the song, iI guess it to be a background song.

Acknowledgement: The information on Janardhan Tanjorkar and family for the article is sourced from:

1. madhutanjorkar.wixsite.com

2. sangeethas.wordpress,com

3. Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre

Audio Clip:

Song-Aisa des hamaara santon (Kuchh Naya)(1948) Singer-Janardan Tanjorkar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

aisa des hamaara..aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
kahat sunat se(??) nyaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
bin baadal kya bijli chamke
bin ravi ?? ujiyaara
aisaa..aa des hamaara…aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4776 Post No. : 16526 Movie Count :

4497

Happy Independence Day to all!!!

Today (15 august 2021),We are celebrating the seventy-fifth year of our hard-fought freedom that we got on 15th August in 1947. We can breathe in this free air now because many had sacrificed their present at that time for our future. There are many known and too many unknown freedom fighters who laid down their lives to see India as a free nation. The nation has grown up to seventy-four years old now and is stepping into the seventy-fifty year of its life.

Many goals were fulfilled and many remains unfulfilled. ‘Swaraj’ for all is still a distant dream and so is the dream of the basic needs for all i.e., ‘roti, kapda aur makaan’.

With hopes alive we keep moving year to year achieving growth in some areas and falling short in some areas, but the spirit of ‘unity’ that binds us is strong and it is becoming stronger and stronger day by day. That is inspite of ‘divisive forces’ leaving no stones unturned to create unrest in the country over petty issues, causingmresulting unrest here and there.

Today is the day when we all come together and pay our tributes to our freedom fighters and reiterate the pledge of ‘long live the freedom of India’ and ‘long live the republic of India’.

It is customary for us to cover patriotic songs from Hindi movies on thi occasion. We still have lots and lots of patriotic songs not yet showcased on the blog despite the bog coering many patriotic songs during the last 13 years o its eitene.

When we talk of patriotic songs in Hindi movies, the movie personality’s name that immediately comes to our mind is actor-producer-director Manoj Kumar.

Manoj Kumar made several movies with social and patriotic themes which always have created some of the memorable and timeless classic songs glorifying our motherland. Today we will be listening to one such song from his movie ‘Clerk’ made in 1989.

I was staying at Kota (Rajasthan) (1988-1996) then and I remember that I had watched this movie with my boss and colleagues from my office.

As I have mentioned in my earlier posts on the blog, I have grown up watching many movies of Manoj Kumar (movies from Black & white era) and the latest in the seventies and eighties.
Though I didn’t remember all about this movie ‘Clerk’ now, but I remember this movie had many shades of ‘Roti, Kapda aur Makaan’ in it, in its story as well as picturization of the songs. For that matter the picturization of songs had always been in unique style of Manoj Kumar in his movies.

I also do not remember when today’s song appears in the movie. This song is a patriotic song celebrating ‘15th August’ or ‘pandrah August’ and the spirit of freedom.

Today’s song is sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Mahendra Kapoor. Lyrics are written by Manoj Kumar himself (he was also the producer, director, and editor of this movie).
Music for this movie ‘Clerk-1989’ was composed by Uttam Singh-Jagdish Khanna.

I do not remember now on whom the song had been picturized. I would request knowledgeable readers to throw more light on this movie and its’ songs.
Let us listen to the song now.

Once again wishing all of our readers a ‘very Happy Independence Day’ …

(audio)
Song-Aaj pandrah august hai (Clerk)(1989) Singers-Mahendra Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics-Manoj Kumar, MD-Uttam Singh-Jagdish Khanna
Both
Male chorus
Female chorus
Male chorus + Female chorus
Both + All chorus

Lyrics

jhoom jhoom kar gaao re ae
jhoom jhoom kar gaao re ae

jhoom jhoom kar gaao re ae
masti mein sab aao re ae
ho jhoom jhoom kar gaao re ae
masti mein sab aao re ae

mast hai dharti
aakaash bhi mast hai ae
aur kisiki baat kya karni
masti bhi khud mast hai

haan masti bhi khud mast hai
ho o aaj mili thhi maa ko aazaadi
aaj mili thhi maa ko aazaadi
jhoom ke gaao matwaalon
o dilwaalon
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai ae
pandrah august hai

jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re
jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re

haan aaj ka suraj chandaa jaisaa
aur aaj ka chandaa suraj jaisaa
haan aaj ka suraj chandaa jaisaa
ho o o o
aur
aaj ka chandaa suraj jaisaa

ho o o o
hai aaj ki har baat anokhi
hai aaj ki har baat anokhi
sab raaton se ye raat anokhi
ye raat anokhi

isliye to kehte hain ae
jhoom ke gaao matwaalon
o dilwaalon
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai ae
pandrah august hai

jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re
jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re

aa aa aa aa
o o o o
ho
ho
ho
ho
hmm
hmm
hmm

ho o aa aa aa
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm
hmm

ho o aa aa aa
hmm
hmm
hmm

kesri safed aur haraa aa
hai in rangon se desh bharaa
kesri safed aur haraa
ho o o o o
hai in rangon se desh bharaa
ye rang hain kitne anokhe
ye rang hain kitne anokhe
kabhi naa den ye kisi ko dhokhe
kisi ko dhokhe

isliye to kehte hain
jhoom ke gaao matwaalon
o dilwaalon
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai ae
pandrah august hai

jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re
jhoom jhoom kar
gaao re
gaao re

aazaadi ke liye
hamne kya kya khoya
gandhi nehru sang subhash bhi royaa
bhagat singh rajguru aur sukhdev
hamne kaise kaise chhailon ko khoya
chhailon ko khoya

aa aa aa
lala lajpatrai aur tilak ne
maharana pratap aur shivaji ne
apne khoon mein khud ko duboyaa
unke liye saaraa desh thha roya
unke liye saaraa desh thha roya
jis jisne ghulaami ka bojh thha dhhoya
jis jisne ghulaami ka bojh thha dhhoya
unke liye bismil sang ashfaq bhi royaa
ashfaq bhi royaa
ashfaq bhi royaa

ho o o o o
maati uthhakar tilak lagaao
teen rangon ki shammaa jalaao
maati uthhakar tilak lagaao
ho o o o
teen rangon ki shaamaa jalaao
teen rangon se hai ye tirangaa
teen rangon se hai ye tirangaa
har bharatwaasi iskaa patangaa
iska patangaa

isliye to kehte hain
jhoom ke gaao matwaalon
o dilwaalon
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
aaj pandrah
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai ae
pandrah august hai

pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai
pandrah august hai



This article is written by Peevesie’s mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4760 Post No. : 16505 Movie Count :

4485

Hullo to all in Atuldom

Ideally I would have liked to send the song with this post, a few days back so as to be posted on 26th July which was ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’. A day, which commemorates India’s victory over Pakistan, and regaining control of the mountain tops in Northern Kargil of Ladakh in July 1999.

I am sure that we all are aware of the background that led to the 1999 war between India and Pakistan, inspite of the Lahore Declaration of February 1999, which was meant to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir-issue.

Here is what I have gathered from various sources on the internet about the Kargil conflict:

“During the winter of 1998-1999, some elements of the Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly training and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, some allegedly in the guise of mujahideen, into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC). The infiltration was code named “Operation Badr.” The aim of the Pakistani incursion was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh and cause Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier, thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement on the broader Kashmir dispute. Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalise the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution. Yet another goal may have been to boost the morale of the decade-long rebellion in Indian Administered Kashmir by taking a proactive role.

Initially, with little knowledge of the nature or extent of the infiltration, the Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis and claimed that they would evict them within a few days. Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, and the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realize that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale. The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 sq.km – 200 sq.km.

The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilisation of 200,000 Indian troops. Finally, war came to an official end on July 26, 1999, thus marking it as Kargil Vijay Diwas.

527 soldiers from Indian Armed Forces sacrificed their lives during the war”

I have written a post to commemorate Kargil Divas once before too, where the song was from “Lakshya- 2004”. There was one movie that was made on the theme of Kargil-war in 2003 too. That was written and directed by J P Dutta. It had a huge star-cast and songs were penned by Javed Akhtar which were set to music by Anu Malik. The song tries to express the feeling of a martyr who wishes well for his fellow warriors and I don’t want to dilute it by expressing my opinions etc about it.

I had first thought of this song when the Pulwama suicide attack had happened. I had felt that it was not the first of its kind; I remembered the attack on the Indian Parliament on 13th December 2001 as well as the 26/11 terrorist attack of 2008, on various locations around Mumbai. I am sure all these unwanted tensions will keep popping up till the Kashmir issue is resolved. The least an Indian can do is pay respects to the departed heroes and show gratitude to the armed forces.

Today’s song is in the voice of Sonu Nigam. It has (in order of their appearance) – Akshaye Khanna, Ashutosh Rana, Manoj Bajpai, Abhishek Bachchan, Ajay Devgan, Puru Rajkumar, Saif Ali Khan, Sanjay Kapoor, Rohit Roy, Suneil Shetty, Sanjay Dutt, Deepraj Rana, Sudesh Berry, Mukesh Tiwari, Kareena Kapoor, Rani Mukherjee, Esha Deol, Raveena Tandon, Namrata Shirodkar, Armaan Kohli, Preethi Jhangiani, Isha Koppikar, Mahima Chaudhry on-screen. “LOC Kargil” (2003) showed the war/ conflict almost as it had happened in the winter of 1999. Also, the names of the principal characters were also (almost) true-life as also the names of the various battalions.

Incidentally, 30th July is the birthdate of Sonu Nigam who was born in Haryana to Agham Kumar and Shobha Nigam in Faridabad. He began at singing at the age of four when he joined his father Agham Kumar on stage to sing ‘Kya Hua Tera Wada’- the Mohd. Rafi classic. He continued accompanying his father on various occasions before finally shifting to Mumbai at the age of 19 to try his luck in Bollywood. He has been singing in Bollywood from 1993 and has various hits to his credit. His voice is soft on the ear. Many of his songs are my personal favourites with ‘Sandese aate hain’ from ‘Border’ and ‘yeh dil deewaana’ from ‘Pardes’ topping my list. I don’t know if the followers of this blog have heard the song with this post but it is another one from my playlist.

Here is wishing this singer a healthy and happy future.


Song-Bas itna yaad rahe ek saathhi aur bhi thha (LOC Kargil)(2003) Singers-Sonu Nigam, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-Anu Malik

Lyrics

Khaamosh hai jo yeh woh sada hai
Woh jo nahin hai woh keh raha hai

(Bharat Mata Ki Jai
Bharat Mata Ki Jai)

Saathiyon tumko miley ae
jeet hi jeet sada aa
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
jaao jo laut ke tum m
ghar ho khushi se bhara
jaao jo laut ke tum m
ghar ho khushi se bhara
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

kal parbaton pe kahin een
barsi thhi jab goliyaan
hum log thhe saath mein aen
aur hausle thhe jawaan
ab tak chattaanon pe hai ae
apne lahoo ke nishaan aan
saathi mubaarak tumhen aen
ye jashn hai jeet ka
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

(Vande Matram
Vande Matram)

kal tumse bichhdi hui
mamta jo phir se miley
kal phool chehra koi
jab tumse milke khiley
kal tumse bichhdi hui ee
mamta jo phir se miley
kal phool chehra koi ee
jab tumse milke khiley
paao tum itni khushi ee
mit jaayen saare giley ae ae
hai pyaar jinse tumhen aen
saath rahen woh sada
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha

(this part plays along with end titles)

jab aman ki baansuri ee
goonje gagan ke taley
jab dosti ka diya aa
inn sarhadon pe jaley
jab bhool ke dushmani ee
lag jaaye koi galey ae ae
jab saare insaanon ka aa
ho ek hi kaafila
bas itna yaad rahey ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
jaao jo laut ke tum
ghar ho khushi se bhara aa aa
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha
bas itna yaad rahe ae ae
ek saathi aur bhi thha


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4745 Post No. : 16472 Movie Count :

4474

Today’s song is from a very obscure film Lieutenant-1944 ( It is pronounced as लेफ्टनंट ). It was actually a stunt film, belying the film title, which misled the readers thinking that this was a War film ! The only connection of this film with War was perhaps that this film was made during the II WW period.

The War period of 1939 to 1945 was quite tough for the film industry. The most stunning blow to it was that the supply of most essential items were now under the control of the Government and that the Raw Film was one of the items in their list ! The Raw film supply was not only restricted, but also it was given to only those who were making the films regularly. Additionally a filmmaker who would make a War Propaganda film or show in his films such scenes was eligible for extra quota at control rates. For this reason some leading filmmakers made Propaganda films,e.g. Master Vinayak made “Badi Maa” in 1945, while Acharya Atre made film ” Panna” in 1944.

The Government control on essentials like Petrol, Sugar etc prompted the rise of Black Marketing and generation of Black money. Many unscrupulous people made a lot of money. Some of this easy money flowed into the film line and during the 1940s decade, this money slowly destroyed the Studio system, encouraged freelancing and the prices of stars soured skywards. The cost of making films also escalated. Even an ordinary C grade Stunt film, which could be made in about 50000 at the beginning of 1940, ended in Lakhs by 1949 end.

The Government had increased the Entertainment Taxes in Bombay, Madras, UP and CP areas, so the cost of Cinema tickets had increased. Prithvi Theatre was launched by Prithviraj Kapoor. Film artistes gathered under the leadership of EVR Naicker in Madras to form DMK party. M. Karunanidhi was a prominent leader.

In Spite of all this, some good Musical films were made in 1944. Saigal, who arrived in Bombay from Calcutta for good, made his second film in Bombay. New composers, New Heros and New heroines brought a variety of Genres of films made in 1944. Some of the major films of 1944 were….

Bhanwara – Second film by Saigal and Khemchand Prakash in Ranjit in Bombay. Made in just 9 days’ shooting for Saigal, by director Kidar Sharma. It was the second film for Monica Desai too (sister of Leela Desai and wife of Phani Mujumdar).

Bharthari – Last film in India by singer actress Jahan Ara Kajjan who sang her last 2 songs in it. She migrated to Pakistan in the wake of Partition. Very good songs in the film, especially ” Bhiksha de de maiya” by Amirbai and Surendra.

Chal Chal re Naujawan – First film from newly established Filmistan, by the deserters’ group from Bombay Talkies, led by S.Mukherjee and Ashok Kumar. Ashok Kumar sang 6 songs in it for the first time for Ghulam Haider. His song ” Bolo Har Har Mahadev” was very melodious and popular.

Chand – Debut film of Husnlal-Bhagatram team. They were recommended by elder brother Pt. Amarnath, who was the first choice of D.D.Kashyap. After V.Shantaram and his team left Prabhat, this was an attempt by Prabhat to join the mainstream by opting for the first time a Non Marathi star cast and Punjabi style musicians. 5 singers were used by H-B for 11 songs. A mild success film.

Daasi – it was a musical from Lahore by Pt. Amarnath- with his favourite Zeenat Begum.

Film Dost produced the evergreen Noor Jahan song ” Badnam – muhabbat kaun karen” composed by Sajjad Hussain. This one song alone made them both immortal.

Draupadi – a feeble attempt by Baburao Patel to make a Heroine out of his secretary Sushila Rani.

Gaali – Another film by Sajjad, but with only 3 songs to him and 9 to Hanuman Prasad.

Iraada – Pt.Amarnath brought Hemant Kumar for his second Hindi song. He had debuted in the film Meenakshi-42 already, but no record was issued for that song.

Ismat – The first and the only film of the brothers Pt. H.P.Sharma and Pt. Govardhan pershad, as a composer team.

Jwar Bhata – Devika Rani’s discovery, Dilip Kumar’s first film. He was the side Hero and the Hero was Agha. Actress Mrudula also debuted as Dilip’s Heroine.

Krishn Bhakt Bodana – The only film of the Revolutionary Poet singer Master Vasant from Surat. Avinash Vyas, Shankar rao Vyas composed music, while S.N.Tripathi gave background music.

Musical film Lal Haveli – Only time when Noor Jehan and Surendra sang together under Mir Saheb.

Mann ki Jeet – W.Z.Ahmed brings new Heroine Neena, who sings in the voice of Debutante Sitara of Kanpur in all her films. Neena was a Non-Singer.

My Sister – Saigal goes back to Calcutta to complete a Musical film ” My Sister”. Pankaj Mullick gives excellent songs by Saigal and others.

There were two films ‘ Panchhi’ and ‘ O Panchhi’ with average songs.

Panna – A war propaganda film based on ” Mata Hari” story, with a new Heroine Geeta Nizami. MD Amir Ali dies before the film is released. The credits in the film dedicate the film to Late Amir Ali.

Perhaps the best music was by Vasant Desai to film ” Parbat pe apna dera”. Vanmala and ulhas excel in acting in a story of sexual repression. All songs are excellent, especially Amirbai’s song ” Pareshan hoon main ” is simply divine.

Lastly, the Best one. Record breaking musical ” Rattan” gave superlative songs by Naushad. Barring 2 songs by Manju, the other 8 songs were all Hits. Rattan gave 200% returns on the film and song records, to the Producer.

Film Lieutenant-44 was made by National Theatre, Bombay and it was directed by a veteran of stunt films, Nari Ghadiyali. There were 8 songs,all written by lyricist Mustafa. We do not know who was its Music Director. The cast of the film was Benjamin, Sharada, Bibi, Sadiq, Shahzadi, Putli,Habeeb,Nazira and many others. Two interesting names in the cast are Putli and Sadiq.

Mothers and daughters acted as leading ladies in the same era….Miss Putli or Putlibai and Miss Gohar Mamajiwala (the term Miss was used not merely to state the marital status of the leading ladies of those days)….

Like Miss Sharifa and Husna Banu , Putli and Gohar were mother and daughter. Putli was an accomplished actress of the silent screen who championed in the Talkies because of her extraordinary singing talents. Gohar was born in 1910 and entered the screen in 1926, where her mother Miss Putli too entered more or less the same time. Information about Miss Putli is very limited however, Gohar became India’s popular iconic star and is still remembered today.

Miss Putli acted in 33 Talkie films. Her first Talkie was Ratan Manjiri-35 and her last film was Dhoke baaz-46. She sang one song each in the film Lehri Badmash-44 and Dhokebaaz-46.

Sadiq Ali, was born on 6-10-1911 at Jalandhar, Punjab. His 2 cousins- Wazir Ali and Nazir Ali were famous Indian cricketers. Sadiq Ali completed his Engineering degree and worked in M.E.S. at Kanpur (Military Engg. Services). Due to strong desire to work in films and dramas, he resigned from his job after 5 years and joined Agha Hashr’s Drama company. When the company was closed, he joined The Burma Imperial film company at Rangoon. After a few small roles, he came down to Bombay.

After working in some smaller companies, he joined Minerva Movietone. Starting with khan Bahadur-37, he worked in Minerva’s Pukar-39, Sikandar-41, Phir Milenge-42, Prithwiraj Sanyogita-43, Parakh-44 (only directed by Modi) and Ek din ka sultan-45, also in Sandesa-39,Black out, Duniya tumhari hai, Phir milenge, Lieutenant, Ulti Ganga, Patharon ke saudagar,Jagbeeti,Nishana, Do Naina, Manjhdar, Mitti etc. In all he acted in 23 films. His last film was Ever Ready-46. After partition, he migrated to Pakistan.

First film in Pakistan was Judai (1950 Shaheena,Nazar and Zeenat). Other films include Shola (1952).

Sadiq Ali was a very successful and famous actor before partition and got the title of Prince of Minerva. He acted in many films in India, but in Pakistan, Sadiq Ali could not be successful as he was in India.

He was paralyzed in the 60’s and could be seen sitting with a Pan shop in Capitol Cinema lane, Karachi. Died on 12-7-1977 in Karachi. In his last days, he was seen begging on the road.

No information is available on the film story or other details. With today’s song, film Lieutenant-1944 makes its debut on this blog.


Song- Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehraayenge (Lieutenant)(1944) Singers- unknown male voice, Lyricist- Mustafa, MD- Dada Chandekar
Chorus

Lyrics

Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehraayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

rokenge seene per apni dushman ki sangeen
dushman ki sangeen
qurbaani ke khoon se hi ye duniya hai rangeen
ye duniya hai rangeen
rokenge seene per apni dushman ki sangeen
dushman ki sangeen
qurbaani ke khoon se hi ye duniya hai rangeen
ye duniya hai rangeen
sangeenen kya desh ki khaatir
topon se lad jaayen
topon se lad jaayenge
sangeenen kya desh ki khaatir
topon se lad jaayen
topon se lad jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

?? ab hamne bhi kheenchi hai talwaar
kheenchi hai talwaar
kheenchi hai talwaar
haathi sa dariya ho chaahe golon ki bauchhaar
golon ki bauchhaar
ruk na sakte ab hamne bhi kheenchi hai talwaar
khenchi hai talwaar
haathi sa dariya ho chaahe golon ki bauchhaar
golon ki bauchhaar
haar se behtar mar jaana
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
haar se behtar mar jaana
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
maarenge ya mar jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge

aage peechhe dekh ke aisa maarenge ham teer
maarenge ham teer
bach jaaye dushman ka dil ??
phans jaaye to taqdeer
phans jaaye to taqdeer
murdon ke sarkaar ki unki
ginti karte jaayenge
ginti karte jaayenge
murdon ke sarkaar ki unki
ginti karte jaayenge
ginti karte jaayenge
Dushman ki chhaati par jhanda gaad ke hum lehrayenge
zaalim ko duniya se mitaakar jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge
jai jaikaar manaayenge ae ae ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4648 Post No. : 16312

Every few years or so, we have people proudly posting the photographs of their fingers with indelible ink in it, as proof of having voted in a parliament election or an assembly election. 🙂

These days, we have a non recurring once in a century occurrence taking place, namely Covid 19 vaccination. The process of this covid vaccination in India is very much comparable to the process of parliamentary general election. People are getting themslves vaccinated, and posting photos of their vaccination on their social media accounts. 🙂

India has two kinds of vaccines that are approved for vaccination. One is covishield (manufactured by Serum Institute of India Pune) and another is Covaxin (manufactured by Bharat Biotech, Hyderabad)

Both vaccines got the approval of India’s Central Drugs and Standards Committee (CDSCO) for emergency use on 3 january 2021 after they completed their various phases of trials.

Serum Institute of India has the largest capacity in the entire world for producing vaccines. Its vaccine Covishield was based on the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine developed in UK whereas Covaxin of Bharat Biotec was an indigenously developed vaccine. The capacity of Serum Institute of India is much higher than that of Bharat Biotech. Covishield vaccine was even offered by Government of India to some friendly countries. As on date, more than 80 countries have received consignments of Covishield vaccine, in a Government of India initiative dubbed as “Vaccine Maitri”. This initiative has won India tremendous goodwill worldwide. Some countries offered profuse thanks to India and Indian government for this gesture.

SII was manufacturing 65-70 million doses in a month but that was not enough to meet the demands of India and other countries. It plans to enhance its capacity to 100 million doses in a month and for that it has sought Government help of Rs 3000 crores($453 millions).

Till today, 90% of all vaccination done in India is of Covishield. Other 10 % is of covaxin. As of now (8 april 2021), 8 crore 29 lakh Covishield vaccine doses and 82 lakh covaxin doses have been administered in India. In addition, 6 crore 45 lakh doses of Covishield have also been supplied to 85 different countries as grant, on commercial basis, and also under CEPI, GAVI, WHO and UNICEFs COVAX programme.

These vaccines have much less stringent low temperature requirement for storage compared to some other vaccines developed abroad. So These vaccines can be transported and stored in India using the existing cold chain logistical infrastructure. That way they are suitable for other less developed countries of the world as well.

Coming to Indian vaccination programme, Just like all adult (18 plus) Indian citizens are eligible to vote, all citizens of certain age group are eligible for free vaccination. Initially people in 60 plus age group were eligible. Certain category of people, like doctors, frontline workers etc, who were in the forefront of fighting this pandemic were also eligible irrespective of their age. Beginning from 1 april 2021, all Indian citizens above the age of 45 are eligible. This will cover about 40 crore Indian citizens (out of 130 crore population).

My wife and daughter belonged to the category of medical personnel and so both of them were eligible for their doses of vaccination. Both of them got their two doses of vaccination before the end of march 2021.

I was not eligible. Some 45 to 59 years age group people who had comorbidities (viz serious health conditions) too were eligible before 1 april 2021 for vaccination on production of doctor’s report and many people of this age group got themselves vaccinated making use of this provision even when some of them had no comorbidities. My wife asked me to get myself vaccinated, as did our daughter, but I insisted that I was not eligible. I rejected my wife’s insinuation that I had hypertension and therefore comorbidity. 🙂

However, from 1 april 2021, I too became eligible for vaccination. My wife and daughter were in any case pestering me for that. The nearest hospital where vaccination was being administered was at NE Railway main hospital located near my workplace. I found out that the vaccination time was from 9:30 to 10 AM or so. I arrived at the place. I was under the impression (based on erroneous media reports) that there would be very small number of people and the medical staff would be sitting idle waiting for people to come. I was mistaken. There was a big crowd of people. So there were so many people interesting in vaccination, unlike what some media houses were trying to portray. I collected the form and filled it up. Though there was a good crowd, it thinned out by the time it was 10:30. I came to know that a limited number of doses are brought from the local state government cold storage that had to be consumed on the same day. There is no method of getting the supply replenished on the same day. 68 number of doses were allotted to the hospital on that day and they got used up within one hour.

I wondered how I was going to be able to get myself vaccinated if this was the state of affairs. The problem was, I was trying to avail the vaccination facility like a common man, standing in a queue, whereas I should have done it like a VIP, which I was for the Railway hospital, seeing that I headed the Railway workshop that employed 60% of all Railway employees based in Gorakhpur. My workplace was easily the biggest industrial workplace in Gorakhpur.

The next day of vaccination in the hospital was 5 april 2021, viz the next monday. This time I took no chances and asked my steno to phone up the doctor incharge of vaccination informing him that I would like to get vaccinated on that day. I went there, through the doctor’s entrance rather than the public entrance, which I was told was jampacked. My workplace has a small health unit headed by a lady doctor and she too was available there to make fuss over me-“hato hato saahab aaye hain”, getting the doctor incharge of vaccination to come and greet me etc. and in general to get my vaccination fast tracked. I had already filled up my form the previous day itself. As ID proof, I had attached my Aadhaar Card. That data gets filled in a computer, which verifies the Aadhaar card from UIDAI site. That done, the lady doctor made sure that I was the first person of the day to get vaccinated. 🙂

The vaccinated people are supposed to stay there for half an hour under observation to see that no adverse effect takes place on them. I did not feel any adverse effect, so I informed the lady doctor and left for the workplace. From there I informed my wife and daughter that I had taken my first dose. My daughter asked me to immediately take one tablet of paracetomol then and another tablet in the evening. But I am not feeling any ill effects, I protested. Still my daughter ordered me to take one tablet immediately which I duly did.

I realised after some time that I did not get the vaccination certificate that my wife and daughter had got. I thought that I would be able to get it using my Aadhaar Card number and registered mobile number. I was not far off in my guess but I also needed another information, viz Beneficiary Reference ID, which gets generated during registration at the vaccination centre. I asked my steno to find out this Beneficiary Reference ID. The steno found it out and even downloaded my Vaccination certificate on a nice photographic paper and presented in to me. So I had my vaccination certificate at hand. Later I downloaded a pdf copy on my mobile too and shared it with my wife and daughter.

This certificate is a miracle of Digital India initiative.It gives everyone a clearcut and foolproof, fully traceable, six sigma quality documentation of the progress of vaccination in the country. The details of all vaccination get updated in real time and they then figure in the live figures of vaccination at the site named cowin.gov.in.

The vaccination certificate has all the relevant details one can think of namely beneficiary details (name, age, gender, ID verification details, residence) and also vaccination details (name of vaccine, date of dose, next due date, vaccinated by, and place of vaccination). The certificate also had a machine readable bar code.

VaccineCertificate

When one looks at the vaccine certificate of USA (left in the picture above), technologically the most advanced nation on earth, one finds that their vaccine certificate is quite amateurish and that can be easily manipulated and forged. Their certificate will not pass muster as a legally valid document as it hardly contains any details, just name, vaccine name and date, and an illegible signature. That is all. There is no unique ID (say Social security number) mentioned in the certificate. Israeli certificate (right on the picture above)on the other hand is professionally made, as is expected of them.

I have mentioned earlier that many media houses, and also political parties are trying disinformation campaigns about the vaccines. There are many less informed people who fall prey to such malicious disinformation campaign. One school friend of my daughter phoned her. Her father had fallen prey to one such youtube video and he was refusing to listen to anyone and he would not get himself vaccinated. Would my daughter try to convince him ? How could I, if you and your mother couldnot, but let me try- my daughter replied. So my daughter was connected on phone to her old friend’s father. He stated that this youtube uploader has given such gory details about the process of vaccine manufacture that no one with a conscious could ever get these vaccines. My daughter asked him to get the credentials of this video uploader verified on wikipedia etc. Was he a qualified medical practitioner or belonged to pharma industry ? If not then his facts were imaginary, she informed him. But the Indian vaccines have been develoed in just two months, so these vaccines are fake as informed by this uploader- he stated. My daughter advised him about the vaccine development stages, that there are five stages, each stage is stringent. Initally tests are conducted on animals, then on humans, then the vaccines get certified by a regulatory agency. All this has taken nearly a year. The covishield vaccine has been certified fit for use in several countries, and not just India. In any case, this vaccine is developed not in India, but in UK, and India is only producing it under license, my daughter informed him.

Two days later, my daughter’s friend phoned again, and thanked my daughter profusely. After my daughter’s talk, her father had checked up on the credentials of the youtube uploader and had realised that he was unqualified to discuss this matter. He also realised that the vaccines had passed all the stages that vaccines are required to pass. So he had gone to the nearest vaccine center and had got himself vaccinated. That way, my daughter may have helped bring peace and harmony to the disturbed household of her old school friend. I felt quite proud of my daughter. It means she has the ability to convince others, which is a good ability to have for anyone.

The fact that India is self reliant in covid vaccines and is even in a position to export it to half the countries of the world is a matter of great pride for all Indians. This has been made possible by those Indians ho have lived in India and have tried to make a difference in the country. For instance, Serum Institute of India and Bharat Biotec are doing cutting edge work in their field. On this occasion of natinal and international emergency they have risen to the challenge and are helping the country fight this pandemic with confidence.

On this occasion, here is a song that catches the same feeling of national pride. This song is from “Swades”(2004). The song is sung and composed by A R Rahman. Javed Akhtar is the lyricist. This song plays in the background, hich the picturisation shows Shahrukh Khan, playing an NRI working in NASA dying to come back to India and give back to the nation. A very moving and inspirational song indeed !


Song-Ye jo des hai tera (Swades)(2004) Singer-A R Rahman, Lyrics-Javed Akhtar, MD-A R Rahman

Lyrics

ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

mitti ki hai jo khushbu, tu kaise bhulaayega
tu chaahe kahin jaaye
tu laut ke aayega
nayi-nayi raahon mein
dabi-dabi aaho mein
khoye-khoye dil se tere koyi ye kahega
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta

hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

tujhse zindagi hai ye keh rahi
sab toh paa liya
ab hai kya kami
yoon toh saare sukh hain barse
par door tu hai apne ghar se
aa laut chal tu ab deewaane
jahaan koyi toh tujhe apna maane
awaaz de tujhe bulaane wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa

hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm

ye pal hai wahi
jis mein hai chhupi
poori ek sadi,
saari zindagi
tu na poochh raaste mein kaahe
aaye hai is tarha do raahe
tu hi toh hai raah jo sujhaaye
tu hi toh hai ab jo ye bataaye
chaahe toh kis disha mein jaaye wahi des
ye jo des hai tera
swades hai tera
tujhe hai pukaara aa aa
ye woh bandhan hai jo kabhi toot nahin sakta aa
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm
hmm hmm hmm hmm hmm


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4631 Post No. : 16285 Movie Count :

4424

Today 23rd March 2021 is the ninetieth remembrance anniversary of martyr dome of Sardar Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. They were hanged to death by the British regime on 23rd March 1931.

On this occasion as a tribute in remembrance of these great sons of this soil here is a song from the movie ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ (2002).

As I had mentioned in my earlier post on the blog, in the year 2002 there were three movies released on the life of Bhagat Singh;

  • 23rd March 1931 Shaheed
  • The Legend of Bhagat Singh
  • Shaheed-E-Azam

I would like to reproduce here what Dharmendra expressed about this movie his home production, (as appearing on the blurb of the audio cassette);

It is not the first time in the history of Indian Cinema that a film has been inspired by India’s favorite revolutionary. And quite honestly, it might not even be the last. This Sikh youth of character so powerful and deep represents the meaning of true patriotism and fearlessness to one and all. It can be assured that every time a movie is made on Bhagat Singh, not one person leaves the cinema hall carrying the same heart with which he arrives. It is not just his sacrifice that moves you; his biggest revolutionary thought and his smallest patriotic action, stir your blood inside. Bhagat Singh cannot be imitated, no matter how impressed you might feel. And yet, the one reason he chose death over life was to create a thousand of his kind so that each one of them could bear the depth of the same patriotic fervor to serve their country.
– Dharmendra

I was staying at Bareilly when this movie was released in 2002 and I had watched both the movies simultaneously i.e. ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’ and ‘23rd March 1931-Shaheed’. I remember both the movie were welcomed by huge crowds in their first week of release and thereafter ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh’ had a good run on the box office, better than the today’s movie.

‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ was directed by Guddu Dhanoa for ‘Sunny Super Sound Presentation’. It was produced by Dharmendra.

It had Sunny Deol, Bobby Deol, Amrita Singh, Rahul Dev, Akshay Anand, Vicky Ahuja, Divya Dutta, Raja Bundela, Suresh Oberoi, Shakti Kapoor, Vivek Shauq, Samaresh Rautrai, Indal Singh, Sanjay Tripathi, Tej Sapru, Rajesh Khera, Deepak Sharma, Suresh Chatwal, Sachin Khedekar, Manoj Tiwari, Rana Jung Bahadur, Ishrat Ali, Imran Khan, Master Atit, Master Honey and Aishwarya Rai (in friendly appearance).

Screenplay of this movie is written by Sutanu Gupta and Dialogues of this movie are written by Sanjay S. Masoom Editing of this movie is done by Keshav Naidu. This movie was passed by Censor Board on 30.05.2002.

This movie has seven songs, written by Dev Kohli. The song “Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna” by Ramprasad Bismil was included in the movie and with it the total number of songs makes it to eight. Songs in this film are sung by Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Vinod Rathod, Hans Ran Hans (as per titles of the movie) and Bhupinder Singh, Mohd Salamat and Veer Rajendra (as mentioned in the blurb of the audio cassette of this movie and in addition to the names mentioned in the titles of the movie).

Today’s song is sung by Veer Rajinder and lyrics are by Dev Kohli. This song is in two parts (or may be three parts) in the movie as per video links available in the domain.

With the today’s song this movie ‘23rd March 1931 Shaheed’ (2002) makes its debut on the blog.

Let us now listen to the today’s song. . .

Video

Audio

Video (Part 2)

Audio (Part 2)

Song – Saans Hai Jab Talak, Naa Rukenge Kadam (23 March 1931 – Shaheed) (2002), Singer – Veer Rajinder, Lyrics – Dev Kohli, MD – Anand Raj Anand
Chorus
Lyrics

saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan

wo jawaani jo khoon ko
jalaati nahin
hmm hmm hmm hmm
wo watan ke liye
rang laati nahin
aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
daagh lekar ghulaami ka
kyun ham jeeyen
haan kyun ham jeeyen
soch kar raaton ko
neend aati nahin
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan

aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa

hamne tay kar liyaa
hamne le li qasam
khoon se apne seechenge
apnaa chaman
hmm hmm hmm hmm
hamne tay kar liyaa
hamne le li qasam
khoon se apne seecnhenge
apnaa chaman
jaan lekar hatheli pe
ham chal diye
haan ham chal diye
baandh kar sar pe nikle
hain ham ye qafan
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se hamen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
aye watan
———–
(part-2)
———–
naaz tujhko to hogaa
bhagatsingh ki maa
tera beta watan ke kaam aa gayaa
sar jhukaa kar nahin
sar uthha ke chalaa
desh ke waaste
jaan lootaa ke chalaa
jaane waaloon ko dekho
watan ke liye
aa aa aa aa
shamma aazaadi ki wo
jalaa jaayenge
saans hai jab talak
naa rukenge kadam
chal pade hain to
manzil ko paa jaayenge
jaan pyaari nahin hai
watan se inhen
marte marte sabhi ko
bataa jaayenge
inquilaab zindabaad
inquilaab zindabaad
inquilaab zindabaad

——————————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
——————————————————–

सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन

वो जवानी जो खून को
जलाती नहीं
ह्म ह्म ह्म ह्म
वो वतन के लिए
रंग लाती नहीं
आ आ आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
दाग़ लेकर ग़ुलामी का
क्यूँ हम जीयें
हाँ क्यूँ हम जीयें
सोच कर रातों को
नींद आती नहीं
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन

आ आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ

हमने तय कर लिया
हमने ले ली क़सम
खून से अपने सींचेंगे
अपना चमन
ह्म ह्म ह्म ह्म
हमने तय कर लिया
हमने ले ली क़सम
खून से अपने सींचेंगे
अपना चमन
जान लेकर हथेली पे
हम चल दिए
हाँ हम चल दिए
बाँध कर सर पे निकले
हैं हम ये कफन
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से हमें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
ऐ वतन
————–
(भाग- २ )
————–

नाज़ तुझको तो होगा
भगतसिंह कि माँ
तेरा बेटा वतन के काम आ गया
सर झुका कर नहीं
सर उठा के चला
देश के वास्ते
जान लूटा के चला
जाने वालों को देखो
वतन के लिए
आ आ आ आ
शम्मा आज़ादी को वो
जला जायेंगे
सांस है जब तलक
ना रुकेंगे कदम
चल पड़े हैं तो
मंजिल को पा जायेंगे
जान प्यारी नहीं है
वतन से इन्हें
मरते मरते सभी को
बता जायेंगे
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4624 Post No. : 16273

Today’s song is from a film of the first decade of the talkie era – Adhoori kahani-1939.

In the first decade of the Talkie era, Calcutta’s New Theatres was far ahead of other film studios of India in presenting musical and successful films. However, when its successful film Devdas-1935 came, it, possibly, unintentionally stressed on the painful dark emotions of Human Behaviour. It also, almost, glorified a failed Love, alcoholism and death of the Hero. I understand that the film was based on a famous novel by Sharat chandra Chatterjee. New Theatres being the leader in the industry, other filmmakers followed suit and there was a spate of films depicting Sadism, Pessimism, Tragedy, Perversion, Psychoti Behavious and similar not so good Human Emotions in their films.

Thus we had, in and around that period films like Minerva’s ‘Jailor’ (1938) and ‘Main Haari’ (1940), Ranjit’s ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), Kardar’s ‘Paagal’ (1940) and ‘Pooja’ (1940), Prabhat’s ‘Aadmi’ (1939), New Theatre’s ‘Badi Didi’ (1939) and ‘Dushman’ (1939), Sagar Movietone’s ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob’s ‘Aurat’ (1940), Circo’s ‘Geeta’ (1940), New Theatres ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Mehboob’s ‘Behan’ (1941) and few other films.

In these circumstances, came a welcome relief from Bombay Talkies, in the form of pure, innocent, romantic Love stories featuring a cute Ashok Kumar with heroines like Devika Rani, leela Chitnis and others. This again changed the trend and the audience had good, healthy, entertaining musical films, till the mid 40’s, when the Crime stories invaded in the form of Kismat, Geeta and others, taking the film trend in a different way.

Today’s film Adhoori Kahani-39 had a tragic story, was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi and the music was by Gyan Dutt. The cast was Durga Khote, Prithviraj, Rose, Keshav rao Datey, Ila Devi, Ishwarlal,Yaqub, Khatun, Mirza Musharraf and others. During the early era of talkie films, till the 1960s, there was a horde of Gujarati directors and producers. Bhatts, Trivedi, Thakur, Shahs, Desais, Pancholi, Doshi, Daves were some names frequently found directing various genres. Usually they specialised in certain class and type of films. The Bhatts (Shankar and Vijay) liked to do Mythological films, Ramnik Shah handled stunt, action, fantasy films, Jayant Desai was social film oriented etc.

Chaturbhuj Doshi (1894–1969) was a Hindi and Gujarati writer-director of Indian cinema. He was one of the top Gujarati screenplay writers, who helped script stories for the Punatar productions. He is stated to be one of the leading figures who launched the Gujarati film industry with work on notable films like ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) and ‘Nanand Bhojai’ (1948). He was ‘well known’ for his family socials and had become ‘a celebrity in his own right’. He made a name for himself as a journalist initially and was referred to as the ‘famous journalist’ & publicist by Baburao Patel, editor of Filmindia.

His debut film as a director was ‘Gorakh Aya’ (1938), produced by Ranjit Movietone, though he joined Ranjit in 1929, as a scriptwriter. In 1938, he directed another film for Ranjit, a social comedy, ‘The Secretary’, and both films were box-office successes for Doshi. His forte was socials, regularly adapting stories and novels for films. He worked initially on comedies like ‘Secretary’ and ‘Musafir’ (1940), but then ‘shifted to more significant films’.

Chaturbhuj Anandji Doshi was born in 1894 in Kathiawad, Gujarat, British India. He was educated at the University of Bombay, after graduation he started work as a journalist for a daily, Hindustan (1926), working for editor Indulal Yagnik. His entry into films was working as a scenarist in the silent era for directors like Jayant Desai, Nandlal Jaswantlal & Nanubhai Vakil. He joined Ranjit Movietone in 1929, and wrote stories and screenplay for several of Ranjit films.

Film ‘Gorakh Aya’ (Gorakh has come) in 1938, was the first film directed by Doshi. It was produced by Ranjit Movietone with screenplay by Gunvantrai Acharya & dialogues by PL Santoshi. The music, termed ‘good’ was composed by Gyan Dutt. ‘The Secretary’ (1938), was a “riotous comedy”, starring Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor. Charlie. The music was composed by Gyan Dutt, who became a regular in most of the films directed by Doshi. Musafir in 1940 was a comedy costume drama, which had Charlie playing a prince.

‘Bhakta Surdas’, a devotional film directed by Doshi in 1942, is stated to be the “most famous” of the several versions made. It starred KL Saigal and Khursheed “the singing idol(s) of millions”, winning “unprecedented popularity” everywhere.

‘Mehemaan’ (1942) starred Madhuri, Ishwarlal, Shamim and Mubarak. Music director Bulo C. Rani had come to Bombay in 1942, and joined Ranjit Studios assisting Khemchand Prakash in music direction.

Doshi helped enormously in the development of the Gujarati cinema. During 1948-49 he directed three successful Gujarati films which “brought immense success to the industry”. The success of the Gujarati film ‘Kariyavar’ in 1948, directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi from a story by Shaida, called Vanzari Vaav, helped establish the Gujarati film industry along with other films like ‘Vadilo Ne Vanke’ (1948) by Ram Chandra Thakur and ‘Gadono Bel’ (1950) by Ratibhai Punatar. His next Gujarati film was ‘Jesal Toral’ (1948) based on folk-lore, which proved a big box-office success. In 1949, Doshi directed another Gujarati film, ‘Vevishal’, an adaptation of Meghani’s novel of the same name.

He also wrote stories, and one of his stories ‘Pati Bhakti’ was used in the Tamil film ‘En Kanawar’ (1948) produced by Ajit Pictures, which starred the Veena maestro, Sundaram Balachander, who was also the debut director and music composer for the film. In all he directed 24 Hindi films. His last Hindi film was ‘Sanskar’ (1958). He had also written few songs in the film ‘Maya Bazaar’ (1932).

Chaturbhuj Doshi died on 21 January 1969 in Bombay, Maharashtra, India. Filmography

1932: Narasinh Mehta (Writer), 1934: Sitamgarh (Writer), 1938: Gorakh Aya, Secretary, 1939: Adhuri Kahani, 1940: Musafir, 1941:Pardesi, Sasural, 1942: Bhakta Surdas, Dhiraj, Mehmaan, 1943: Chhoti Maa, Shankar Parvati (Director, Writer), 1944: Bhartrahari, 1945:Murti, 1946: Phulwari, 1947: Bela, Kaun Hamara, 1948: Jesal Toral, Kariyavar (Director, Writer), Sati Sone, 1949: Bhakta Puran, Vevishal, 1950: Akhand Saubhagya, Kisi Ki Yaad, Ramtaram, 1954: Aurat Teri Yahi Kahani, 1956: Aabroo, Dashera, Dassehra, 1957: Khuda Ka Banda, Shesh Naag, 1958: Sanskar, 1960: Mehndi Rang Lagyo (Writer, Lyricist).

In the early era of cinema, there were many Marathi heroines in films. Naturally so, because Bombay was the biggest film making centre and it was in Maharashtra. Out of these early Heroines,- Shanta Apte (1916-1964), Snehprabha Pradhan (1920-1930 ), Leela Chitnis ( 1912-2003), Durga Khote (1905-1991), Shobhana Samarth (1915-2000), Hansa Wadkar (Ratan Salgaonkar in real life (1924-1971) and Shanta Hublikar (1914-1992) had few things common.
They operated in films almost same period.
They were educated and hailed from upper castes.
They all were rebellious in nature.
They all had failed or no marriages.
They all worked in Marathi stage dramas and
They all ( except Shobhana Samarth) wrote Autobiographies in Marathi …. Shanta Apte- Jau mee Cinemaat ? means- shall I join films ? , Snehprabha Pradhan-Snehankita, Hansa Wadkar- Sangte Ayka means- Listen to me (A Hindi film – Bhoomika-1977, with Smita Patil- was made based on this book ). I, Durga Khote by Durga Khote, Chanderi Duniyet by Leela Chitnis and Kashala Udyachi baat by Shanta Hublikar.

One of these actresses was Durga Khote, whose life story is very inspiring. A girl from a well to do family marries and after her husband dies, fights the circumstances, going against the existing society norms and becomes successful. Despite the major ups and downs in life she maintains her reputation of being an actress without a blemish or controversy in her professional career. She ends her life with a success story.

Durga Khote (14 January 1905 − 22 September 1991) was one of the foremost leading ladies of her times, she remained active in Hindi and Marathi cinema, as well as theatre, for over 50 years, starring in 182 Hindi films and numerous theatre productions.

In 2000, in a millennium issue, India Today named her among “100 People Who Shaped India”, noting: “Durga Khote marks the pioneering phase for women in Indian Cinema” as she was one of the first women from respectable families to enter the film industry, thus breaking a social taboo.

She also ranks among the top ten actresses in mother roles in Hindi cinema, most notable among them were as Jodhabai in K. Asif’s Mughal-e-Azam (1960); as Kaikeyi in Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942); her other memorable roles as mother were in Charnon Ki Dasi (1941); Mirza Ghalib; Bobby (1973) and Bidaai (1974). She has received the highest award in Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1983), for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.

Khote was born as Vitha Lad, to a family which hailed from Goa and spoke Konkani at home. Her father’s name was Pandurang Shamrao Lad and her mother’s name was Manjulabai. She grew up in a large joint family in Kandewadi. She was educated at Cathedral High School and St. Xavier’s College where she studied for B.A. While still a college-going teenager, she married into the Khote family and settled down with her husband.

By the age of 26, Durga Khote was a widowed mother with two young sons; Bakul and Harin. She had to seek work in film to support her children. In doing so, she became a pioneer of sorts: She hailed from a traditional family and the film industry was regarded as the preserve of the base and the bawdy. Also, most of the female characters were played by men at the time.

Durga Khote debuted in a minor role in the obscure 1931 silent film Farebi Jaal or trapped, by M. Bhavnani. She had to sing 3 songs also in this film. Followed by Maya Machindra (1932) by Prabhat Film company.. She was soon promoted to play heroine in the 1932 double version (Hindi and Marathi) Ayodhyecha Raja, another Prabhat film, which was the first ever Marathi talkie, and proved to be a runaway hit, where she played the role of Rani Taramati. Indeed, she ventured yet another pioneering trend: Despite working closely with the Prabhat Film Company, she broke away from the “studio system” (exclusive contract with a studio to work in its films on a monthly salary) then in vogue and became one of the first “freelance” artistes of that era by working occasionally with the New Theatres, East India Film Co. (both at Calcutta), and Prakash Pictures.

In 1936, she played Saudamini in Amar Jyoti, which is one of her most memorable roles. The characters played by her were very much like her regal personality and she commanded a screen presence even in front of legendary actors like Chandra Mohan, Sohrab Modi and Prithviraj Kapoor.

In 1937, she produced and directed a film titled Saathi ( Sawangadi in Marathi), making her one of the first women to step into this role in Indian cinema. The 40s opened for her in a big way, with award-winning performances in Aachary Atre’s Payachi Dasi (Marathi) and Charnon Ki Dasi (Hindi) (1941) and Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942), both of which got her the BFJA Best Actress Award for two consecutive years.

Durga Khote remained active in the theatre circuit for many years, especially the Marathi theatre in Mumbai. She was actively associated with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) and worked in several plays for the Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh. In 1954, she famously performed the role of Lady Macbeth in V.V. Shirwadkar’s Marathi adaptations of Macbeth, as Rajmukut, (The Royal Crown), along with Nanasaheb Phatak.

Durga Khote played a wide variety of roles over a career that was not only long, but also untouched by scandal. She was the inspiration for several generations of Indian actresses, including veterans such as the late Shobhna Samarth, who frequently spoke of how she had been inspired by Khote’s example.

During later years, she played several important character roles, such as the mother of the protagonist. Her portrayal of Jodhabai, the queen of Akbar torn between duty towards her husband and love towards her son in Mughal-e-Azam (1960) was well received. In 1963, she acted in Merchant Ivory’s debut film The Householder (1963).

She went on to play other widely appreciated character roles in later movies, such as the role of the grandmother of the heroine in Bobby (1973), the hero’s aunt in Abhimaan (1973), and the very memorable Bidaai (1974), where she played a mother, a very sensitive role that can make one cry and received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.

Her final memorable role was in Subhash Ghai’s Karz (1980), where she played the role of the mother of Raj Kiran and later, mother to Rishi Kapoor, who played the role of Raj Kiran’s reincarnation after the screen death of Raj Kiran in the movie.

She acted in 182 Hindi films in her career. Her last film as an actress was Daulat ka Dushman-1983. She had also sung 32 songs in 13 films. Her last song was in film Panna Dai-1945. By the 1980s she successfully diversified into production of short films, ad films and documentaries by setting up Fact Films and later, Durga Khote Productions, which produced the Doordarshan TV series Wagle Ki Duniya.

Durga Khote was married when she was a teenager to Vishwanath Khote, a gentleman of her own caste and similar social background, in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian manner. It was a traditional marriage into an orthodox family, the couple lived a harmonious and happy life, and the marriage was blessed with two sons. Vishwanath was a mechanical engineer who had graduated from Banaras Hindu University. His family was upper middle class and professional, with modern English education and high social standing; his ancestors had been prominent bankers.

Unfortunately, Vishwanath Khote died young, when Durga was barely into her 20s. She and her sons continued to reside with her in-laws, as is traditional in India, but she was not comfortable with her dependent position, especially because her father-in-law was no more, and they were dependent on other family members for their expenses. She thus felt impelled to make a living any which way she could, and the opening in films happened entirely by chance. The fact that she came from a modern and English-educated family meant that, even as a widow, she was able to act in films, which was derided as a disreputable profession in those days.

She thus raised her two sons, Bakul and Harin, single-handedly. Both of them went on to become well-settled in life. But she suffered the loss of her son Harin, who predeceased her and died in his 40s. Harin was married to Vijaya Jaywant, and they were the parents of two sons. After Harin’s early death, his widow married a Parsi man named Farrokh Mehta and became famous as the film-maker Vijaya Mehta.

Durga Khote’s grandchildren (children of Bakul and Harin) include her grandson Ravi, a filmmaker; granddaughter Anjali Khote, an actress; and grandson Deven Khote, a successful producer who is one of the co-founders of UTV, and who has also directed a film. Deven Khote is noted for producing films such as Jodhaa Akbar and Life in a Metro.

Durga Khote’s brother-in-law, Nandu Khote (brother of Vishwanath), was a noted stage and silent movie actor. Two of Nandu’s children also became actors in the film industry. His son Viju Khote (1941-2019) was an actor perhaps best known for his role of “Kalia” in Sholay (1975). Nandu’s daughter is the actress Shubha Khote, who debuted in Seema (1955) and worked as a heroine in several films before moving to character roles. Still later, she moved to directing and producing Marathi films and also entered television in the 90s. Shubha’s daughter, Bhavana Balsavar, is also an award-winning TV actress who appeared in sitcoms like Dekh Bhai Dekh and Zabaan Sambhalke before deciding to settle down and raise a family. Thus, the acting profession which was pioneered by Durga Khote in her family has been fully embraced by her late husband’s family.

Later in life, Durga Khote wrote an autobiography in Marathi, entitled Mee, Durga Khote, which was translated into English as I, Durga Khote. For the last part of her life, she moved to Alibaug, near Mumbai. Durga Khote died in Mumbai on 22 September 1991. ( Thanks to her autobiography, wiki, muVyz and my notes.)

Today’s song is sung by Durga Khote and an unknown male, with chorus.


Song-Maiyya soona Mandir tera (Adhoori Kahaani)(1939) Singers-Durga Khote, unknown male voice,Lyricist – P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt
Chorus
Durga Khote + Chorus

Lyrics

Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
dhoop nahin hai
deep nahin hai
koi nahin pujaari
dhoop nahin hai
deep nahin hai
koi nahin pujaari
chhaayi hai andhiyaari
chhaayi hai andhiyaari
tan-man ke jag deep jalaaye
kar de door andheraa
tan-man ke jag deep jalaaye
kar de door andheraa
maiyya
soona mandir teraa
maiyya
soona mandir teraa

madhuhaasini
priya bhaashini
dukh naashini
maateshwari
maateshwari
sukh taarini(?)
var daayini
hitkaaarini

pooja karne laal badhenge
praanon ke balidaan karenge
pooja karne laal badhenge
praanon ke balidaan karenge

bhakti bhaav ke thhaal sajenge
nav prabhat ke shankh bajenge
bhakti bhaav ke thhaal sajenge
nav prabhat ke shankh bajenge
jaag uthhega Bharat saara
hoga sarvatr(?) saveraa
jaag uthhega Bharat saara
hoga sarvatr(?) saveraa
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera
Maiyya
soona Mandir tera


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16183

72nd Republic Day – 26/01/2021
———————————————————-

dekho kaheen barbaad na hove ye bageecha
dekho kaheen barbaad na hove ye bageecha
isko hriday ke khoon se Baapu ne hai seencha
rakkha hai ye chiraag shaheedon ne baal ke,
iss desh ko rakhna mere bachchon sambhaal ke
ham laaye hain toofaan se kishti nikaal ke
iss desh ko rakhna mere bachchon sambhaal ke

For the last 13-14 years, I have seen that always original soundtracks of patriotic songs are played on every national festival day morning for at least 2 hours in the flag hoisting ceremony held at the building, adjacent to mine. Every year I am hoping that these songs, some of them very old are being played in my building, but no, they are in the next building:-). Always it is the case of ‘dur ke dhol suhaane’ to express in the hindustani parlance.

I was not motivated enough to write a post for today, till I heard the above quoted Rafi song from the film Jaagriti (1954), in between the two flag hoisting ceremonies I attended this morning. Plus I remembered this rendition of ‘Tarana-e-hindi’ from Ye Gulistan hamaara(1972).

I am producing the complete ghazal by Dr. Allama Iqbal, which I had meant to do a post to commemorate another anniversary, but since today is the day of patriotic songs, here it is:

Saare jahaan se achchha hindostan hamaara
Ham bulbulen hain iss ki ye gulsitaan hamaara

Gurbat mein hon agar ham rehta hai dil watan mein
Samjho vahin hamen bhi dil ho jahaan hamaara

Parbat wo sab se oonchaa ham-saaya aasmaan ka
Wo santari hamaara wo paasbaan hamaaraa

Godi mein khelti hain iss ki hazaaron nadiyaan
Gulshan hai jin ke dam se rashk-e-jinaan hamaara

Aye aab-rud-e-ganga wo din hai yaad tujh ko
Utra tere kinaare jab kaarwaan hamaara
Mazhab nahin sikhaata aapas mein bair rakhnaa
Hindi hain ham watan hai hindostaan hamaara

Yunaan o misr o rumaa sab mit gaye jahaan se
Ab tak magar hai baaqi naam-o-nishaan hamaara

Kuchh baat hai ki hasti mit-ti nahin hamaari
Sadiyon rahaa hai dushman daur-e-zamaan hamaara

‘Iqbal’ koyi mahram apna nahin jahaan mein
Maalum kya kisi ko dard-e-nihaan hamaara

Ist, 3rd, 4th and 6th sha’ir of the above is so well known that there is no song in the world to compare in popularity. As poetical expression of national/regional pride also this is an international legend, and will be so till the civilization survives. Maybe someone down the line would have thought of saying it this simply, but Dr. Iqbal thought of it first. Such a quote, I don’t think would sound this natural and believable in any other language. Dr. Iqbal wrote this as a childrens song and named it ‘taraana-e-hindi”.

There are many things in our vast country that we can be proud of, but the idea of India is the core of it. This type of poetry was needed back then, in the British India, to awaken the national fervour and make people yearn for the possession of the wealth, natural resources and the artistic genius, this country possessed and still possesses.

Yunaan o Misr o Rumaa sab mit gaye jahaan se
Ab tak magar hai baaqi naam-o-nishaan hamaara

Yunaan is Greece, Misr is Egypt and Rumaa is Rome (meaning Roman Empire here).

Kuchh baat hai ki hasti mit-ti nahin hamaari
Sadiyon rahaa hai dushman daur-e-zamaan hamaara

Iqbal knew his stuff and what he was talking about and to whom he was saying it. He wrote the poem before the world wars and the British were yet to complete 50 years of total domination in this region. And some 40 years before the end of 2nd world war, which were to finally break the backbone of the British Empire. It was first published on 16th August 1904, in the weekly journal Ittehad (Unity).

I know that the roots of the idea of Pakistan or a separate nation for muslims was to stem from the ‘taraan-e-milli’ which Dr. Iqbal wrote as a sequel to ‘taraana-e-hindi’ as per some theorists. But what is supposed to happen to the core idea of India which was the cultural diversity the intellectual world still swears by, is the point to ponder. This was the pluralism Iqbal was talking about a whole concept, it was destined to end up like:

Iss dil ke tukde hazaar huye
Koyi yehaan gira koyi wahaan giraa

The fact of the matter is, the Britishers, were the foreigners who never wanted to amalgamate with this country and they had their masters back home, whose coffers they were sent to fill. They left only those places intact in their wake, which they could ensure would be ruled by the European races and their generation. With India and other vast colonies like Arab world, they did not succeed in doing it. Instead, they managed to ensure that they would leave them divided, so that they can never rise against the European powers, for generations to come. They did this with the help of vested interests in the Arab world and India. The lies may be multiple but the truth is always one. It is still a matter of conjecture, who played in whose hands and ended up losing the power of numbers, a fact which is amply demonstrated by the growth of China in our times.

The British did not just divide the real idea of India, they divided the natural and human resources of the region, whom they tried to achieve control of, for more than 2 centuries, only to relinquish the full control within 100 years of gaining it. These facts and the time lines tell their own story. ‘Break the powers you can’t control” was the name of the game.

I feel this story is yet to be told in its full inglorious detail. Because even if it is late, the truth can never be suppressed forever. And we are living the era of ‘True lies’ by our own admission.

Here is the song to commemorate the Republic day 2021. Composition is credited to SDB and Pandit Ravi Shankar in the films soundtrack and singers are Sushma Shrestha and various artists. The full rendition is in chorus, as it befits the composition.


Song-Saare jahaan se achcha Hindostan hamaara (Ye Gulistaan Hamaara)(1972) Singers-Sushma Shreshtha, Lyrics-Allama Iqbal, MD-S D Burman

Lyrics

Saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
aa aaa
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha

gurbat mein hon agar ham mm
rehtaa hai dil watan mein
samjho wahin hamen bhi
dil ho jahaan hamaara hamaara aa
saare jahaan se achchha

parvat wo sab se oonchaa
ham-saaya aasmaan ka
wo santari hamaara aa
wo paasbaan hamaara hamaaraa aa
saare jahaan se achchha

mazhab nahin sikhaata
aapas mein bair rakhnaa
hindi hain ham
hindi hain ham
hindi hain ham
watan hai ea
hindostaan hamaara hamaaraa
saare jahaan se achchha
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha
hindostaan hamaara
ham bulbulen hain iss ki
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara
saare jahaan se achchha (aa aa aa aa)
hindostaan hamaara(aa aa aa aa)
ham bulbulen hain iss ki(aa aa aa aa)
ye gulsitaan hamaara hamaara(aa aa aa aa)


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Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16182

Today is 26th january (2021), which is republic day for India. Arguably, this is the most important day for independent India, more important than even the independence day, in my opinion.

71 years have passed since India was declared a republic on 26 January 1950. During the past 71 years, we have been through lots and lots of changes, upheavels, trials and tribulations, calamities etc. Thankfully today we find ourselves in a better position than what we were at in 1950. In fact, we find ourselves in a much better position vis a vis 1990.

I was born when the first Prime Minister and first President of India were still around. So I have lived through the eras of all the Prime Ministers and Presidents of India that we had !

During all these decades, some good practices have taken root. On the other hand, we still have some bad practices that we need to get rid of.

Instead of talking about what the government should do, here I will largely discuss what we need to do. Since we are a democratic republic, our behaviour decides what the government does, rather than the other way round.

Here are some of my observations.

1. Someone else will do it:- This attitude, which is basically passing the buck, has harmed India a great deal over the decades. Instead of doing the work ourselves, we wait for someone else to do the job. As a result, that job remains pending. Worst still, that creates a long lasting problem for the nation.

2. Chalta hai attitude– We expect others to be perfect, but we ourselves are far too lax in our on dealings. We can find fault in the batting technique of Virat Kohli, but we rarely judge our own performance in our workplace with the same high standards.

3. Putting self interest before national interest– Look at the demands of any unions, be it staff union or officers union. All the ten points of their memorandum would contain demands about betterment of their perks, not a single demand would be about the betterment of the organisation.

4. Very few people, typically 1 % of the people are supposed to bear the burden of the entire population. For instance, only 1 % population of India pays income tax, and that money is then squandered in giving subsidy to “poor” people instead of helping them train to come out of “poverty”.

5. Wealth creation and wealth creators have been demonised in India. Poor people and Poverty get glorified. This state of affairs should change immediately.

6. Many indians suffer from inferiority complex vis a vis western countries. This inferiority complex is misplaced and is a result of systematic brainwashing.

The above are some of the points that one can think of without much effort.

What do I have to suggest to improve matters ?

I will make a one point suggestion, instead of making too many suggestions. My one point suggestion is, we have to overhaul our education system. The present education system churns our zombies, who lack the ability to think for themselves and are easily brainwashed. It serves the purpose of the self seeking politicians but it has harmed the country a great deal in all fields. Our education system encourages rote memory, rather than application of knowledge. No wonder our manpower cannot even do basic works, forget doing cutting edge technical works. Whatever competent manpower we have are not because of our education system but inspite of this education system.

We have framed our constitutution based on the British Constitution. But we have not framed our education system based on British education system. British (namely Lord Macauley) gave us an education system in India. Britain herself has an entirely different kind of education system, one that does not seek to produce semi literate babus, unlike the case in India. As soon as India had our constitution, we needed to have our own education system. It has become too late now. Seven decades too late, but better late than never. we can still try and ensure better education system for the future generations.

Instead of insisting on same degrees for everyone, we need to insist on vocational training based on the aptitude of students, instead of imposing the same kind of education on everyone.

Failing an elephant because it cannot climb a tree, failing a monkey because it cannot fly, comdemning a goat because it cannot uproot a tree, that is how our Macaulean education system judges its students.

India has requirements of qualified people in all fields. What is happening now is that all people take the same education.Those who score higher marks become engineers, doctors. Those who score lower marks become civil servants. Those who score even lower become clerks. People scoring even lower become peons, guards etc. Those who cannot get any jobs become freelancers. Those who are not good enough for any jobs become politicians. And all these people are not trained properly for their jobs ! A clerk is not trained to be a clerk. A security guard is not trained to be a security guard. When a civil contractor hires workers to execute his contract, the workers like say masons, or welders are not properly trained for their jobs. They have mostly learnt their work from other workers. In my proposed education system, a mason or a welder will need to be trained by a recognised welding trainer, a plumber by a recognised plumbing trainer etc. This is because continuous imporovemnt takes place in all fields of activities. Our workers whether in organised sector or unorganised sector are far far behind in their knowledge and mastery about latest advancements in their fields. Even security guards should have training.

The above discussion is largely for workers in manufacturing and services sector. The same is needed for the agriculture sector where Indian productivity is among the lowest in the world. One reason is that majority of farmers are not educated. Farmers too need to be well educated in their area of activity, instead of trying to earn the same meaningless degree as others.

In summary, our education system should ensure the supply of highly skilled manpower in all the fields. Even cleanliness, which is considered a menial work, is a specialised work, and people who are tasked with this work need to be well trained for this work.

As I have mentioned earlier, we need to identify the aptitude of individuals and give them vocational training based on his attitude. This is what happens in advanced nations. They do not encourage mindless enrolment in colleges for taking meaningless degrees.

We need not reinvent the wheel. The kind of education system that I have suggested in already available in advanced nations. I suggest that we adopt the German education system. It is a tried and tested education system and we all are aware of German products and their quality that this education system helps produce.

Any country can have two kinds of resources- one is natural resources (mineral ores etc) and other is human resources. One will notice that a country can develop only when its human resources are developed, even if they lack natural resources. For instance, Japan, Israel, Singapore are three nations that have negligible natural resources but they are highly advanced nations thanks to their sell trained human resource. On the other hand we have examples of countries (for example African countries) that are under developed despite possessing vast mineral resources.

India fortunately is very well blessed by nature. But we have failed to make the most of our nature given resources because we have not made the most of our human resources. If we harness our human resources, we sill not only utilise them produtively, we will also be able to take advantage of what the expetts describe as our potential demographic advantage (vast majority of population of India being in working ager group, unlike most other countries).

Today (26 January 2021) we are celebrating our 71st Republic day. We have quite a few things to feel proud about on this occasion. American and British media had predicted millions of covid 19 deaths in India. India has proved them wrong. It appears that these media were watching their own countries in mirror. As on today USA and Britain continue to reel under COVID 19 epidemic, ith Britain even “pioneering” a more dangerous strain of this virus. Unlike these countries, India is even offering low cost and safer vacceines to many countries of the nation.
See this thank you message by Brazil. Makes every Indian proud.

On this occasion, here is a song from “Anjaan”(1941). “Anjaan”(1941) was directed by Amiya Chakraborty for Bombay Talkies Limited, Bombay. The movie had Devika Rani, Ashok Kumar, V H Desai, Girish, Suresh, P F Pithawala, Gulab, Fatty Prasad, Yusuf Suleman, Saiyyad Mukhtar, David, Reva, baby Madhuri, Arun Kumar, Ibnul Hasan, Bachan Lal Dixit, Om Prakash, Tarun Kumar, Bhargavi etc in it.

One will notice that the song is from an era when India was not even independent, forget being a republic. But still this song is an appropriate song for the occasion. This song is penned by Kavi Pradeep who sore patriotism on his sleeves, that too in an era when it was very risky to do so. In this song, sung by Ashok Kumar and others, they exhort the naujaaan of Bharat (viz the human resource of India) to make the most of the opportunity that has presented itself to them. And the song advises them not to miss this opportunity unlike the missed opportunities of the past.

Pannalal Ghosh is the music director.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala many years ago. This happens to be the 500th lyrics contribution by Avinash Scrapwala in the blog. A befitting achievement for him on the occasion of the Indian Republic day, seeing that he too, like Kavi Pradeep, wears his partiotism on his sleeve.

On this occasion, I ish a happy republic day to one and all. Jai Hind.


Song-Kheencho kamaan kheencho (Anjaan)(1941) Singers-Ashok Kumar, Suresh, Revashankar, Lyrics-Kavi Pradeep, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Aaj nishaana aa chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Aaj nishaana aa aa
Aaj nishaana chook na jaana
Pichhli galti mat dohraana
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana aa
Warnaa phir hoga pachhtaana
Jagah jagah toofaan bawandar r
Aankhen mat meenchon o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Jo bheekh maangne se dar dar
Aazaadi milti ho ghar ghar
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
Laanat aisi aazaadi par
O veeron ke santaan
Desh ko teeron se seencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
O Bharat maa ke naujawaan
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho kamaan kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho
Kheencho o
Kheencho o
Kheencho kamaan kheencho

———————————-
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————-

खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
आज निशाना आ चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
आज निशाना आ आ
आज निशाना चूक न जाना
पिछली गलती मत दोहराना
वरना फिर होगा पछताना आ
वरना फिर होगा पछताना
जगह जगह तूफ़ान बवंडर र
आँखें मत मीचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
जो भीख मांगने से दर दर
आज़ादी मिलती हो घर घर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
लानत ऐसी आज़ादी पर
ओ वीरों के संतान
देश को
तीरों से सींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो

ओ भारत माँ के नौजवान
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो कमान खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो
खींचो ओ
खींचो ओ
खींचो कमान खींचो


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16615

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1280
Total Number of movies covered=4520

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