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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Patriotic song’ Category


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3724 Post No. : 14661 Movie Count :

4007

 Today we remember the great son this soil Sardar Bhagat Singh (28th September 1907 – 23rd March 1931), on his birth anniversary.

We remember him for his bravery, courage, determination and supreme sacrifice made for a cause of the people, the people of this country.

He laid down his life at a young age of only 23 years, 5 months, and 25 days. He could have surrendered to the British and chosen a leisurely life enjoying the benefits and luxuries showered by the Britishers on him, had he requested to forgive him as proposed by them. However instead of choosing ‘the life of slavery’ he chose to dedicate his life for the ‘noblest cause – the freedom of his Motherland’ from the Britishers.

He will remain the inspiration for many as long as humanity exists and people read about him and realize what Bhagat Singh was and how great was he to have done so much in one single life of only 23 years.

I have earlier presented my thoughts while presenting the songs ‘Pagdi Sambhaal Jatta’ and ‘Vekho Loko Khidan To Pehlon’. Whatever will be written about him to remember him and his thoughts, is very less in comparison to the legacy he has left for us. And I am sure as the coming generations read about him will find his thoughts still relevant in terms of what his dreams of ‘true freedom’ for India was and what we have achieved after getting our ‘freedom’ – and they will find that yes, we have still miles to go to build this nation in the pursuit of those dreams.

As I have mentioned earlier in my posts the year 2002 was a special year as in that year there were as many as three movies released on the life of Bhagat Singh.

  • 23rd March 1931 Shaheed
  • The Legend Of Bhagat Singh
  • Shaheed-E-Azam

While “23rd March 1931 Shaheed” and “The Legend Of Bhagat Singh” were released on the same date the other movie “Shaheed-E-Azam” was delayed and was released at a later date.

I will not go into which one amongst them was better than the other. The important thing is that they were made on the life of Bhagat Singh and to make people aware of his true story (may be with a little or more filmy touch).

Today I present a song from the Rajkumar Santoshi directed ‘The Legend of Bhagat Singh-2002’. This movie was produced by Kumar Taurani and Ramesh Taurani (of TIPS). It had the star cast of Ajay Devgan, Sushant Singh, D. Santosh, Akhilendra Mihsra, Raj Babbar, Farida Jalal, Amrita Rao, Mukesh Tiwari, Surendra Rajan, Saurabh Dubey, Kenny Desai, Sitaram Panchal, Bhaskar Chatterjee, Sunil Grover and others.

The screenplay was written by Rajkumar Santoshi, Piyush Mishra and Anjum Rajabali. It was edited by VN Mayekar. Songs for this movie were penned by Sameer and music was composed by AR Rehman.

All songs of this movie composed by AR Rehman are very very good and I liked them as they fill us with patriotic fervour and with a poignant touch, yet making us thoughtful on the life and times of the martyrs and their feelings for their motherland.

Today’s song is in two parts and is sung by AR Rehman and Sukhwinder Singh.

Let us listen to this wonderful song now …

Desh Mere Desh Mere Meri Jaan Hai Tu …

 

Video (Partial)

Audio (Full)

Audio (Part II)

Song – Desh Mere Desh Mere Meri Jaan Hai Tu (The Legend of Bhagat Singh) (2002) Singer – Sukhwinder Singh, AR Rehman, Lyrics – Sameer, MD – AR Rehman

Lyrics

des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

mitaane se..ae nahin mit’te
daraane se..ae ae nahin darte
watan ke naam pe..ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
watan ke naam pe..ae
ham sar kataane se nahin darte
mitaane se nahin mit’te..ae
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

hazaaron khwaab roshan hain
sulagati si nigaahon mein
sulagati si nigaahon mein
qafan ham baandh ke nikle hain aazaadi ki raahon mein
ae ae ae ae
kafan ham baandh ke nikle hain aazaadi ki raahon mein
nishaane pe ae jo rehte hain
nishaane se..ae..ae
nahin darte
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

hamaari ek manzil hai
hamaara ek naara hai
dharam se zaat se jyaada
hamen ye mulq pyaara hai
ae ae ae ae ae
dharam se zaat se jyaada
hamen ye mulq pyaara hai
ham is pe zindagi apni
lutaane se..ae nahin darte
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

mitaane se..ae nahin mit’te
daraane se..ae nahin darte
watan ke naam pe..ae..ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
watan ke naam pe..ae
ham sar kataane se nahin darte
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hai tu..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu..u..u
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu

———————————-
(Part II)
———————————-
dil se ae niklegi na mar kar bhi
watan ki ulfat
meri mitti se bhi khushboo e watan aayegi

des mere des mere meri jaan hain tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hain tu
des mere des mere meri shaan hai tu u

sunaayi thi jo bachpan mein
wahi lori suna de maa..aa
sunaayi thi jo bachpan mein
wahi lori suna de maa
tu apni god mein ab chain se
mujhko sula de maa..aa..aa..aa
tere charnon mein sab kuchh hum
lutaane se..ae nahin darte

des mere ae..ae
des mere ae..ae

des mere des mere meri jaan hain tu
des mere des mere meri jaan hain tu
des mere des mere meri shaan hain tu

des mere des mere meri shaan hain tu

des mere
des mere..ae..ae
des mere

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

मिटाने से॰॰ए नहीं मिटते
डराने से॰॰ए॰॰ए नहीं डरते
वतन के नाम पे॰॰ए
ए ए ए ए ए ए
वतन के नाम पे ए
हम सर कटाने से नहीं डरते
मिटाने से॰॰ए नहीं मिटते॰॰ए
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

हज़ारों ख्वाब रोशन हैं
सुलगती सी निगाहों में
सुलगती सी निगाहों में
कफन हम बाँध कर निकले हैं आज़ादी कि राहों में
ए ए ए ए
कफन हम बाँध कर निकले हैं आज़ादी कि राहों में
निशाने पे॰॰ए जो रहते हैं
निशाने से॰॰ए॰॰ए
नहीं डरते
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

हमारी एक मंजिल है
हमारा एक नारा है
धरम से ज़ात से ज्यादा
हमें ये मुल्क प्यारा है
ए ए ए ए ए ए
धरम से ज़ात से ज्यादा
हमें ये मुल्क प्यारा है
हम इस पे ज़िन्दगी अपनी
लुटाने से॰॰ए नहीं डरते

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

मिटाने से॰॰ए नहीं मिटते
डराने से॰॰ए॰॰ए नहीं डरते
वतन के नाम पे॰॰ए
ए ए ए ए ए ए
वतन के नाम पे॰॰ए
हम सर कटाने से नहीं डरते

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ॰॰उ
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

(भाग दो)

दिल से॰॰ए निकलेगी न मर कर भी
वतन कि उल्फत
मेरी मिटटी से भी खुशबू ए वतन आएगी

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू॰॰उ

सुनाई थी जो बचपन में
वही लोरी सुना दे माँ॰॰आ
सुनाई थी जो बचपन में
वही लोरी सुना दे माँ॰॰आ
तू अपनी गोद में अब चैन से
मुझको सुला दे माँ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
तेरे चरणों में सब कुछ हम
लुटाने से॰॰ए नहीं डरते

देस मेरे॰॰ए॰॰ए
देस मेरे॰॰ए॰॰ए

देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी जान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू
देस मेरे देस मेरे मेरी शान है तू

देस मेरे
देस मेरे॰॰ए॰॰ए
देस मेरे

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This article is written by Bharat Upadhyay, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3695 Post No. : 14612

Month of August is full of so many National memories. Whenever we celebrate 9th August or 15th August, there will be invariably references of martyrs who dedicate their lives for the nation. We fought one war with China and four with Pakistan, and our loss of ‘shaheeds‘ was substantial.

Jaidev ji composed these Pt Narendra Sharma’s expressive lyrics in the voice of Lata ji. He recorded the same song with the voice of Asha ji and even that is equally popular.

(After the China war Lata and Asha had practised with a song of Pradeep ji, composed by C Ramchandra. But when Lata ji sang it ALONE on 26th January function at New Delhi, it became a much discussed controversy, as everybody will recall.)

The lyrics are so impressive and expressive, that there is no need for longer explanation. I am sure that the listeners of the song will become totally emotional.


Song: Jo Samar Mein Ho Gaye Amar (Patriotic NFS)(1962) Singers: Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics: Pt Narendra Sharma, Music: Jaidev

Lyrics

jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
 
laut kar na aayenge
vijay dilaane waale veer
mere geet anjali mein
un ke liye nayan-neer
laut kar na aayenge
vijay dilaane waale veer
mere geet anjali mein
un ke liye nayan-neer
sang phool-paan ke
rang hai nishaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar

vijay ke phool khil rahe hain
phool adh-khile jhare
unke khoon se hamaare
khet baag ban harey
vijay ke phool khil rahe hain
phool adh-khile jhare
unke khoon se hamaare
khet baag ban harey
dhruva hain kraanti-gaan ke
surya nava-vihaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
 
wo gaye ke reh sakey
swatantrata swadesh ki
vishwa bhar mein maanyataa ho
mukti ke sandesh ki
wo gaye ke reh sakey
swatantrata swadesh ki
vishwa bhar mein maanyataa ho
mukti ke sandesh ki
praan desh-praan ke
moorti swaabhimaan ke
shoorveer aan ke
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar
main un ki yaad mein
gaa rahii huun aaj shradhdhaa-geet
dhanyavaad mein
jo samar mein ho gaye amar

——————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Bharat Upadhyay)
——————————————————

जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

लौट कर न आएंगे
विजय दिलाने वाले वीर
मेरे गीत अंजली में
उनके लिए नयन-नीर
लौट कर न आएंगे
विजय दिलाने वाले वीर
मेरे गीत अंजली में
उनके लिए नयन-नीर
संग फूल-पान के
रँग हैं निशान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

विजय के फूल खिल रहे हैं
फूल अध-खिले झरे
उनके खून से हमारे
खेत बाग बन हरे
विजय के फूल खिल रहे हैं
फूल अध-खिले झरे
उनके खून से हमारे
खेत बाग बन हरे
ध्रुव हैं क्राँति-गान के
सूर्य नव-विहान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …

वो गए कि रह सके
स्वतंत्रता स्वदेश की
विश्व भर में मान्यता हो
मुक्ति के संदेश की
वो गए कि रह सके
स्वतंत्रता स्वदेश की
विश्व भर में मान्यता हो
मुक्ति के संदेश की
प्राण देश-प्राण के
मूर्ति स्वाभिमान के
शूर वीर आन के
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर
मैं उनकी याद में
गा रही हूँ आज श्रद्धा गीत
धन्यवाद में
जो समर में हो गए अमर …


This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3680 Post No. : 14574

The 15th of August, is a special date in the calendar for India.

Every year, there are events across the country celebrating the day. There is flag-hoisting in schools, offices and public places. There are patriotic songs played on radio. There’s a lot more to mark the date and occasion.

All of this is understandable. After all, it was on the 15th of August that many years ago, India became an independent nation, free from British rule.

Today is the 72nd Independence Day for India. I still remember the Silver Jubilee celebrations in 1972 – I was part of my school March Past event. How time flies!

But there is more to this date than just celebration. It is an occasion that at least some of us use to reflect. On India’s journey as an independent nation so far. We take stock of where we are, and where we’d like to see us go from here.

I am sure there must be many articles written on this subject in various media publications this week. On our part, our Avinashji has sent me the lyrics for today’s song and requested me to share my thoughts on this occasion. I am therefore taking the liberty of doing so.

Whenever I think of 15th August, the first thing that comes to my mind is our Freedom Struggle and our Founding Fathers. Today we take our freedom for granted – it is hard to even imagine that we were once a colony of the British Empire.

But if it were not for the struggles and sacrifices of millions of Indians, from every corner of the country, would we have got independence when we did? We are familiar with some of the more prominent names who were part of this struggle. But there were so many more who made sacrifices, who gave up their lives for the cause – and died unsung.

I always think of them on 15th August.

Then the Founding Fathers themselves. Once India became an independent country, Britain left it to fend for itself. Can you imagine the challenges a new-born India would have faced at that time?

India was then a country reeling from the horrors of partition. Although there had been talk of partition for a while, the actual execution of the whole process was done very hastily, without enough attention to detail. Political lines were drawn to create India and Pakistan, but these were still being “negotiated”. Even on independence, many villages did not even know whether they belonged to India or Pakistan. And there were the tricky issues of princely states like Junagadh and Hyderabad. And there was Kashmir.

So things were very fluid on 15th August 1947, though technically India and Pakistan had both become independent nations.
The mass migration of millions across borders, with all the violence and pain that ensued – how can one ever forget that! People lost everything, their families, their possessions. Their entire life got uprooted as they became refugees in their new world.

Then, post independence, the massive task of bringing more than 565 princely states into the fold of one nation. How challenging was that! Some agreed to be part of India. Different tactics were needed to bring the others into the fold.

All this while communal harmony, already severely tested in the tense times leading upto the partition, was just about hanging by a thread. The partition exposed fault lines much more nakedly – there was resentment amongst Hindus in India for Muslims who had not migrated. And the other way round in Pakistan.

As we know, many Muslim artistes in the Hindi film industry even changed their names to Hindu-sounding names to avoid becoming targets of hatred, and to appeal to the largely Hindu audiences.

Such was the fragility of Indian communal harmony in the immediate aftermath of independence.

Talking of fragility, it was not only communal harmony that was fragile. Independent India had inherited unprecedented levels of poverty, exacerbated by partition woes. Its economy was in very bad shape. Poor living conditions meant disease was not uncommon. Added to this was a very high level of illiteracy and social backwardness in general.

Kashmir was still a burning issue, Gandhiji got assassinated.

The overall situation looked so bleak at one time that Life Magazine, in the late 1940s, even ran a story along the lines of “Will India survive?” Clearly the world was skeptical.

Thankfully, our Founding Fathers were not.

Even in the midst of all these seemingly insurmountable challenges, they stayed steadfast on course, buoyed by the exuberance of having a new baby to nurture and nourish. Yes, there were challenges – but, to them, these were teething troubles.

Despite differences amongst themselves (yes, they did have differences!), they were united on one thing – all of them had a dream of a strong, resilient, and free India. Their views on how to get there might have been different – Nehru might have had a socialist mindset, Rajaji a more capitalist mindset – but they shared this common dream.

This dream involved providing, for every Indian, a fair opportunity at life. A life of dignity. India would be a country where justice would be available to one and all. A country which had hitherto been suppressed, but whose peoples would now be able to breathe freely, not be enslaved to any thought. They would be free to pursue a religion of their choice. India would be a country whose people would feel a sense of fraternity towards each other, not be divided by regionalism, casteism, religion and other such divisive elements.

This dream got enshrined in the form of a Constitution for India. When India became a Republic on 26th January 1950, it further underlined the vision of the Founding Fathers – that there would be no monarchy in India, that there would be elected representatives, elected by the people. There’s a lot more in the Constitution – it lays down the terms of reference between organs of the State, separation of powers between the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary, it talks about fundamental rights and duties of citizens.

While there is always scope for improvement, and any document should be a living document kept in tune with the times, the Constitution of India does provide a great framework for the country. Without it, there would be utter chaos.

And for this Constitution too, we need to thank our Founding Fathers and their vision.

I know none of this is new to anyone – and I am rambling – but I do think that at least on Independence Day (if not on other days) we need to remind ourselves of how much struggle, sacrifice and effort went into first making India an independent nation, and then ensuring it survived against the greatest of odds.

Unless and until we appreciate the magnitude of the challenges that were faced and overcome at that time, we will not be able to value the freedom we have today.

So I hope you will excuse my rather long history lesson. 🙂 If there are any inaccuracies here, please do let me know. I’m happy to be corrected.

The song “hum laaye hain toofaan se kashti nikaal ke” comes to mind in this regard.

Now to today’s India. Let’s take stock of where we are.

We’ve come a long way from those early fragile years. Sure, we’re still not where we’d like to be, but we’re definitely not looking at an existential crisis.

Economically too we are far better off today. Although we still have millions below the poverty line, and many above it still struggling to make both ends meet, we are better off than the “independence” generation. Many of us will admit that our own fathers and forefathers had a much tougher life than we are having now.

Education levels have also significantly improved. I have doubts about the quality of education as I see many “highly-qualified” Indians unable to comprehend basics, completely lacking in logical or analytical thinking, lacking in life-skills, but that’s for another debate. Let’s just say, we have many millions more “educated” Indians today.

In many other areas, like tackling disease, or improving sanitation or road infrastructure, India is progressing. It’s a 71-year young nation now, one would expect nothing less.

So on the material front, I think India is on the right track. Still a long way to go, still a lot of poverty to eradicate, but I have hope.

My bigger concern is to do with freedom and independence. Not of India, but of Indians.

I happen to think India became free and independent on 15th August 1947 – but only in a political sense.

Indians are FAR from being free or independent, even today, 71 years later.

When Indians attained freedom from colonial rule, they expected to be able to lead their lives as free citizens. No more being slaves to anyone, no more being treated like third-class citizens.

The reality though is that we are still slaves. Not to British masters anymore, but to Indian ones.

The difference is, we didn’t elect those British masters, we now elect our Indian masters. The specific individuals change, but the underlying master-slave relationship doesn’t.

In theory, in a democracy, we, the people, have power. We elect representatives on our behalf to run the affairs of the country. These representatives are therefore “public servants”, supposed to serve the interests of the people. They are supposed to be accountable to the people for the tasks assigned to them. They are also accountable to the people for funds utilized by them because these funds are collected from, and on behalf of, the people. They are supposed to be transparent about their work, so that the public can evaluate progress (or lack of it).

This is the theory.

We all know how things work in practice.

But why don’t they work?

Simply because there is a huge power imbalance between the people and their representatives. These representatives, so-called “public servants”, have steadily increased their power quotient at the cost of the people they are supposed to serve. As it is, they have the power to make laws – so they make or modify laws to strengthen their power position, to legitimize their power grab, thus further skewing the imbalance in their favour. Sel-aggrandizement is the mantra.

This isn’t just the story of one political party – this is with practically every political party.

Which is why the solution isn’t to just replace one party with another.

The solution is to structurally redress this power imbalance.

Make the public more powerful.

How?

There is very little power in the hands of one individual. I can scream from my rooftop but my single voice means nothing.

But there is a lot of power in a large group. The larger, the better.

When a large group chooses to raise its voice, these representatives have no choice but to listen. Otherwise they know they will be on the wrong side of the numbers game.

And in a democracy, it is all about a numbers game.

But for a large group to raise its voice against the powers-that-be, it has to, first of all, be free. It must NOT have a slave mentality.

And that’s a big problem in India.

Maybe due to historical baggage of being ruled by maharajas, many Indians are still subservient to authority. They are still happy to be “ruled”. Feudalism, although less today, still plays its role in perpetuating this master-slave relationship.

This is also why SO many Indians still have this “mai-baap” attitude towards government and other powers-that-be. They fall at the feet of politicians, seeking favours, sometimes even begging for something that is their right, but has been denied to them.

And of course, the politicians then act high-and-mighty, dishing out largesse as if they are royalty. They act generous – it’s easy to be generous with other people’s money. A sizeable share of the public’s hard-earned money is distributed as an act of generosity by the politicians. And they get praise for this. Not to mention votes.

It is THIS mentality that is my biggest issue with Indians. This slave mentality.

Which is why I say India became a free country on 15th August 1947 – but Indians are still slaves.

Just to clarify, I wouldn’t blame the poor or destitute for this. They are barely struggling to survive on a daily basis – they hardly have any choice or agency. But those who DO have a choice, who don’t HAVE to grovel before the powers-that-be but still do so, they are the ones who are undermining the effort to redress the power imbalance. They are often the ones to first stand up in defence for the powers-that-be, against their own fellow citizens.

So on this Independence Day, my request to all Indians is to abolish this slave mindset – and be free. If you don’t want to be treated like a third-class citizen, you first need to stop behaving like one.

Freedom is too precious to let it be taken away from you by anyone. Like Sahir said “zindagi bheekh mein nahin milti, zindagi badh ke chheeni jaati hai…apna haq sangdil zamaane se, chheen pao, to koi baat baney”.

And please stand up for those who try to break these chains of slavery. As I said earlier, this battle cannot be fought by one individual. So when someone is trying to fight against oppression, against slavery, please support his or her effort, instead of undermining it by being loyal to the master.

Even during our Freedom Struggle, there were Indians who undermined the effort of fellow Indians by taking the side of the British. This only made the freedom struggle harder.

I hope we have learnt from that lesson.

There are a lot more thoughts in my head on this Independence Day – there are a lot more improvements I’d like to see in India. Especially with regard to society.

The thing is, if we harbour aspirations to be a truly developed nation, we need to also have progressive thought in society. Mere material progress isn’t enough.

It saddens me to see that even in 2018, some of our thinking is regressive.

Patriarchy is still rampant in Indian society – with all its negative consequences for women, and even men. It is one of the biggest reasons for rapes and other forms of violence against women.

Then, our casteism. Even today, Dalits are discriminated against – let’s not pretend they aren’t.

Indian society is full of prejudices – just look at matrimonial columns to get an idea.

There’s a lot more that bothers me – I could go on and on.

But this post has already become too long – and each of these topics deserves proper discussion and treatment of its own.

So I will stop here on these topics.

Just to clarify, I’m not saying we haven’t come a long way. We have. But we still have a very long way to go – in terms of poverty alleviation/elimination and society upgradation.

The responsibility lies largely with those of us who are relatively privileged and educated. Even the Freedom Struggle counted amongst its leaders many well-educated Indians, of whom many had had the opportunity to study or live abroad and get a different perspective on life and their country.

So those of us who are in a position to make a difference need to do so. But for that, we first need to CARE for our less-privileged fellow citizens. Instead of looking down on them, we need to think of how we can make their lives better. We need to help make them free and independent citizens. Remember, WE are the fortunate ones, to even be able to read this online. I don’t mean this in the slightest patronizing sense – the fact is that we are all privileged. Millions are not.

Also remember, those well-off Indians from the Freedom Struggle could very easily have just enjoyed their privilege instead of throwing themselves into the Struggle. They chose to make sacrifices because the cause they were fighting for, was bigger than their individual selves.

We need a similar cause that we can all rally around today. If that is the prosperity of India, it must mean the prosperity of all Indians, not just a select few. But prosperity, without peace and harmony, is useless. So the cause must encompass all these components.

India is nothing without Indians. It would be just a piece of land. So talking about “making INDIA a great nation” is all just empty rhetoric if we are not working towards making the future of INDIANS great. And again here I mean ALL Indians, not a select few.

For me it is all about the individual first. She or he is the unit-level of existence. If the individual isn’t empowered, if she or he isn’t free, what’s to celebrate about the nation being free? The nation is just a bunch of individuals, right?

You might not agree with my thoughts (and that’s perfectly fine!) – I’m just sharing them here on request of Avinashji. 

A lot more running in my head too – but this post has already become way too long now, so let me get to the song for the occasion.

It is a non-film song. A patriotic song composed by Khayyam, sung by Rafisaab, to Sahir’s lyrics.

I heard this song for the first time only a few days ago – I quite liked it. I hope you like it too.

Happy Independence Day. And thanks for your patience in tolerating this long post. 🙂


Song-Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai (Rafi NFS)(1962) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhianvi, MD-Khayyam
chorus
Rafi+Chorus

Lyrics

Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Aa aa aa aa aa
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao o

Hamaare imtihaan ka waqt hai
Taiyyaar ho jaao
Taiyyaar ho jaao
Taiyyaar ho jaao o

Hamaari sarhadon par khoon behta hai
Jawaanon ka
Aa aa
Huaa jaata hai dil chhalni
Himaalaa ki chattaanon ka
Aa aa
Uthho rukh pher do dushman ki
Topon ke dahaanon ka aa
Aa aa
Watan ki sarhadon par aahni
Deewaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Wo jinko saadgi mein hamne
Aankhon par bithhaaya thha
Aa aa
Wo jinko bhai kehkar
Hamne seene se lagaaya thha
Aa aa
Wo jinki gardanon mein haar
Baahon ka pehnaaya thha
Aa aa aa
Ab unki gardanon ke waaste
Talwaar ho jaao o
Aa aa aa
Ab unki gardanon ke waaste
Talwaar ho jaao o
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Na ham is waqt Hindu hain
Na Muslim hain
Na Isaayi
Hmm hmm hmm
Agar kuchh hain to hain
Is desh is dharti ke shaidaai
Hmm hmm hmm
Isi ko zindagi denge
Ae ae ae
Isi ko zindagi denge
Isi se zindagi paayi
Lahu ke rang se likhaa huaa
Ikraar ho jaao
Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao
Hoshiyaar ho jaao o

Watan ki aabroo khatre mein hai

Khabar rakhna koi gaddaar
Saazish kar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa
Nazar rakhna koi zaalim
Tijori bhar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa
Hamaari kaum par ar ar ar
Hamaari kaum par
Taareekh tohmat dhar nahin paaye ae
Aa aa aa
Kafan dushman
Darindon ke liye
Lalkaar ho jaao
Lalkaar ho jaao
Lalkaar ho jaao o
Lalkaar ho jaao o
Lalkaar ho jaao o o

————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————–
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
आ आ आ आ आ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ ओ

हमारे इम्तिहान का वक़्त है
तैयार हो जाओ
तैयार हो जाओ
तैयार हो जाओ ओ

हमारी सरहदों पर खून बहता है
जवानों का
आ आ
हुआ जाता है दिल छलनी
हिमाला की चट्टानों का
आ आ
उठो रुख फेर दो दुश्मन कि
तोपों के दहानों का आ
आ आ
वतन की सरहदों पर आहनी
दीवार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

वो जिनको सादगी में हमने
आँखों पर बिठाया था
आ आ
वो जिनको भाई कहकर
हमने सीने से लगाया था
आ आ
वो जिनकी गर्दनों में हार
बाहों का पहनाया था
आ आ आ
अब उनकी गर्दनों के वास्ते
तलवार हो जाओ ओ
आ आ आ
अब उनकी गर्दनों के वास्ते
तलवार हो जाओ ओ
होशियार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

ना हम इस वक़्त हिन्दू है
ना मुस्लिम है
न इसाई
हम्म हम्म हम्म
अगर कुछ हैं तो है
इस देश इस धरती के शैदाई
हम्म हम्म हम्म
इसी को ज़िन्दगी देंगे
ए ए ए
इसी को ज़िन्दगी देंगे
इसी से ज़िन्दगी पायी
लहू के रंग से लिखा हुआ
इकरार हो जाओ
वतन की आबरू खतरे में है
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ
होशियार हो जाओ ओ

वतन की आबरू खतरे में है

खबर रखना कोई गद्दार
साज़िश कर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ
नज़र रखना कोई ज़ालिम
तिजोरी भर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ
हमारी कौम पर र र र
हमारी कौम पर
तारीख तोहमत धर नहीं पाए ए
आ आ आ
कफ़न दुश्मन
दरिंदों के लिए
ललकार हो जाओ
ललकार हो जाओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ
ललकार हो जाओ ओ ओ

Dahaan – दहान -دہان
mouth; orifice

Shaidaa. ii – शैदाई – شیدائی
lover, enamored

Tohmat – तोहमत – تہمت
Allegation, Accuse
false accusation, suspicion of guilt


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3628 Post No. : 14452

Today’s song is from a film ‘Paaro’ (1947), made during the turmoil of Independence of India. By early 1947, it was clear that India would be divided and a new nation, based on religion, would be carved out by bifurcating United India. The name Pakistan was also known to everyone.

Like in every other field of activity, Hindi film industry  was also abuzz with rumours of who is migrating and who is not. Close to the month of June, July 1947, many ‘would be’ migrators were seen selling their properties. There was total chaos in film world. People were seen with suspicion and caution. All this culminated in a frenzy of activity in the industry. Everyone was in a hurry to complete his assignments. Financiers were hastening the producers and directors to complete their films somehow.

This finally ended in a record number of films made in the year 1947. The number of total films made was 280, and only Hindi films were 181. This record number was surpassed only after 41 years ! In the year 1985, the number of Hindi films made was 185. These figures are taken from Film Index by Harmandir ji. It automatically transpired that the quantity was achieved at the cost of quality. Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time.

Films like ‘Aisa Kyun’, ‘Atom Bomb’, ‘Barrister’, ‘Beete Din’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahaas’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Daulat Ke Liye’, ‘Extra Girl’, ‘Farz’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Gudiya’, ‘Heera’, ‘Janata’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Khandaani’, ‘Lalat’, ‘Manmaani’, ‘Mere Bhagwan’, ‘Mohan’, ‘Nai Baat’, ‘Pehla Pyaar’, ‘Riwaaz’, ‘Shabari’, ‘Shahkaar’, ‘Tohfa’, ‘Toote Dil’, ‘Veerangana’ are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them ? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, Mohan had Dev Anand as hero, Lalat was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in Chandrahaas etc.

‘Paaro’ was also one such film which was probably the outcome of the frenzy of 1947. The music director, the heroine, the director, both the lyricists and one singer of this film migrated to Pakistan at their earliest. I have not seen this film. perhaps it never came to Hyderabad. After Independence, Sardar Patel had launched ‘Operation Polo’, to annexe Hyderabad state  to India in 1948. The state was in turmoil, so new releases of 1947 came only after October 1948, that too only the most popular ones like ‘Shehnai’, ‘Saajan’, ‘Naatak’, ‘Neelkamal’, ‘Jugnu’, ‘Elaan’, ‘Dard’ and the likes of them.

The cast of film ‘Paaro’ was Geeta Nizami, Randhir, Jeevan, Ranjeet Kumari (who married actor Ram Singh and settled in UP) , Saroj Borkar, Kusum Bhate (sister of Rohini Bhate, the internationally famous dancer, on whom Lata’s first playback song was filmed in film ‘Aap Ki Sewa Mein’) etc. Geeta Nizami’s real name was Rashida Begum. She was born in 1926, in a middle class family of Lahore. At the age of 14, she was married to Barkat Nizami, uncle of actress Mumtaz Shanti. This was his second marriage.

It was through the efforts of Barkat Nizami that she was introduced to the screen. This person had a knack for recruiting girls to cinema. First he brought in Mumtaz Shanti and then his own wife. According to him this was a business, more than a marriage. He used to take 50% of earnings from Mumtaz Shanti, but after she married Wali Saheb, this stopped. To compensate, he brought Geeta. He had made a written agreement with her that she will give 50% of her income to Barkat and 25 % to his son from first wife. She earned only 25 %. This type of arrangements used to be there in those days. This was nothing but exploitation of helpless poor girls.

Geeta Nizami made her debut as a Heroine.  Initially, she took on the name of Mohini, but after realizing that there was another actress Mohna, already in films, she became Geeta and added Nizami to it. Another actress having such a Hybrid name was Mumtaz Shanti, in the same period.

In her first film ‘Mann Ki Jeet’ (1944), she acted and had a song and dance. The song was “More Jubna Ka Dekho Ubhaar” sung by Zohrabai, written by Josh Malihabadi and composed by SK Pal. The dance Geeta did on this song was very sensuous. She was shown emerging from a blooming lotus and at that time she did such provocative actions that soon the song became talk of the town. The then Bombay Government, led by Morarji Desai, promptly banned the song, but in the rest of India the song became very popular.  Her second film was Navyug’s propaganda film ‘Panna’ (1944). Her acting in this film was so good that the Govt. of India gave her a gift of Rs. 9000 as a reward.

Famous author Manto says in his book, ‘Dastavej ‘ Vol 5, that after this film, Geeta Nizami left Barkat Nizami, refusing to give him any share of her earnings. He went to the court and his case lingered, meanwhile he migrated to Pakistan also. Geeta Nizami then married several times and was known for that.

Geeta Nizami could not continue long as a heroine in films. She was lead actress in only seven films, out of total 13 that she did in India. The reason why she did not get more roles as a heroine was found in a book by a well known author. According to this author, Geeta took a bath only once a week, smelt horrible and her head was full of lice. No actor was ready to do a close up scene with her. (I remember another actress of the early 1960s – Kalpana, with same reputation. Shammi Kapoor was on record saying that Kalpana smelt very foul as she probably took bath only once a month. He had refused to work again with her in any film, after ‘Professor’ (1962).)

Geeta Nizami did just 13 films. Her last film was ‘Ek Tha Ladka’ (1951). After this she migrated to Pakistan. In Pakistan she formed a dance troupe and did shows in various cities of Pakistan. She died on 28-4-2008.

The film had only 7 songs, written by Nakshab Jarchavi and S. Nadeem, composed by Music Director Rashid Atre.

Composer RASHEED ABDUL ATRE was born in Amritsar on 15-2-1919. His father Khushi Mohammed was a well known musician and singer. Rasheed learnt music from Ustad Khan Saheb Ashfaq Hussain. Then he went to Calcutta and worked under RC Boral. During his stay in Calcutta he is presumed to have composed songs for films ‘Pardanasheen’ (1942) and ‘Mamta’ (1942), under the name RA Atra. After coming back to Bombay he joined Jhande Khan and Gobindram in composing songs for Pagli’ (1943). He was assistant to composer Amir Ali in ‘Panna’ (1944). With Pt Amarnath, he composed songs for ‘Shirin Farhad’ (1945). Then came ‘Room No. 9’ (1946), ‘Nateeja’ (1947), ‘Paaro’ (1947) and ‘Shikaayat’ (1948). From 43 to 48 he gave music to 6 (confirmed) films. Not much, but then he did not get much time too.

‘Nateeja’ was a Muslim social made by Bombay Talkies and he was specially called for it. ‘Nateeja’ music was his best in India and all its songs became very popular. For ‘Room No 9’, he worked in Navyug Chitrapat Co. where one of the owners was PK Atre, a noted Marathi writer and dramatist. PK Atre was, of course a Hindu, but it was a coincidence.

After Partition Atre went to Pakistan. He first served Radio Pakistan, Rawalpindi and then at Lahore. He prospered in Pakistan and gave music in 54 Urdu and Punjabi films. He was awarded the coveted Nigar Award 3 times in a row.  The famous marching song of Pakistan ”Allah o Akba ” was composed by him. The first Pakistani film for which Rasheed Atre gave his music was director Masood Pervez’s ‘Beli’ (1950).

Three years after ‘Beli’, Rasheed was in-charge of music for director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s Punjabi film, ‘Shehri Babu’ (1953), whose evergreen songs still are popular in Pakistan . Atre’s music for director WZ Ahmed’s 1954 family-friendly film ‘Roohi’ (1954) was also a huge success.

Rasheed Atre’s music is all very praise-worthy in director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s film ‘Khatoon’, which was popular for its thumri. Atre’s composition exhibits an astonishing range and power in director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s superhit film ‘Sarfarosh’ (1956). In 1956, Rasheed was also given the responsibility of composing songs for director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s golden jubilee punjabi film ‘Chann Mahi’ (1956) (lyrics: Tufail Hoshiarpuri, starring: Bahar, Aslam Pervaiz). Atre was, indeed, a powerhouse of a musician and a case in point is director WZ Ahmed’s all-time favorite film, ‘Waada’ (1957), which happened to be a movie from a more idealistic time. At the height of his fame, Atre came up with his magical composition for film director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s semi-historical movie, ‘Anarkali’ (1958). To be precise, it was a joint venture of 2 film music composers Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain.

Rasheed Attre passed away on December 18, 1967, at the age of 48.

Today’s song is sung by Rashid Atre himself with co singers, whose names are not mentioned in HFGK, so no guessing. Both, singer Rashid Atre and the film Paro-47 make a debut on the blog today.

[Author’s Note: Credits- Film directory, mpop.org, pakfilms.net, Encylopedia of Indian Cinema, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, Muvyz, HFGK, my notes.]
[Ed note-With this song, “Paaro” (1947) becomes the 100th movie of 1947 to get represented in the blog]

 


Song – Jeevan Panchhi Boli Boley (Paaro) (1947) Singer – Rashid Atre, Unidentified Female Singer, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Rashid Atre

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

kaun chhoot aur kaun achhoot
sab hindustani hain
kaun chhoot aur kaun achhoot
sab hindustani hain
alag alag paudhe bagiya ke
par hai paani ek
alag alag paudhe bagiya ke
par hai paani ek
?? kahaana re
?? kahaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

ek baap ke laakhon bete
ek bhoomi par rehte
ek baap ke laakhon bete
ek bhoomi par rehte
aandhi paani aag hawaa sab
ek saath hi sehte
aandhi paani aag hawaa sab
ek saath hi sehte
kyun bairi ban jaana re
kyun bairi ban jaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

do din ka hai sab ka jeevan
kaun oonch aur neech
do din ka hai sab ka jeevan
kaun oonch aur neech
palak jhapakte udd jaayen sab
?? ho ya ??
?? ho ya ??
maati mein mil jaana re
maati mein mil jaana re
jeevan panchhi boli boley
jeevan aana jaana re pagle
jeevan aana jaana

desh jal raha
desh jal raha
desh jal raha bhed bhav ki
ab ye aag mita do
ho jaao sab ek
prem ki ganga nadi bahaa do
ho jaao sab ek
ho jaao sab ek
ho jaao sab ek

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

कौन छूत और कौन अछूत
सब हिंदुस्तानी हैं
कौन छूत और कौन अछूत
सब हिंदुस्तानी हैं
अलग अलग पौधे बगिया के
पर है पानी एक
अलग अलग पौधे बगिया के
पर है पानी एक
?? कहाना रे
?? कहाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

एक बाप के लाखों बेटे
एक भूमि पर रहते
एक बाप के लाखों बेटे
एक भूमि पर रहते
आँधी पानी आग हवा सब
एक साथ ही सहते
आँधी पानी आग हवा सब
एक साथ ही सहते
क्यों बैरी बन जाना रे
क्यों बैरी बन जाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

दो दिन का है सब का जीवन
कौन ऊंच और नीच
दो दिन का है सब का जीवन
कौन ऊंच और नीच
पालक झपकते उड़ जाएँ सब
?? हो या ??
?? हो या ??
माटी में मिल जाना रे
माटी में मिल जाना रे
जीवन पंछी बोली बोले
जीवन आना जाना रे पगले
जीवन आना जाना

देश जल रहा
देश जल रहा
देश जल रहा बेहद भाव की
अब ये आग मिटा दो
हो जाओ सब एक
प्रेम की गंगा नदी बहा दो
हो जाओ सब एक
हो जाओ सब एक
हो जाओ सब एक


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3620 Post No. : 14428

#the Decade of Seventies – 1971 – 1980 #
————————————————————
# Bhoole-Bisre Geet # 69 # Singer – Kishore Kumar #
(Voice of Kishore Kumar in Seventies)
———————————————–——————–

‘5 Rifles’ (1974) – (‘पांच रायफल’) as the movie’s Censor Certificate mentions it or (‘५ रायफलें’) as the movies titles mention it – was produced, directed and written by IS Johar. It was a Shanker BC presentation for Delux Productions (India). The movie has a ‘U’ certificate, still its online version requires a confirmation of age 🙂 I don’t know why? anyway I had to watch only the title credits for information 😉 . The film was passed by censors on 09.08.1974.

It had Ambika Johar, Rakesh Khanna, Shahi Kapoor, Anil Johar, Kamal Kapoor, Veena, Sapru, Satyadip, Murad, Keti Irani, Keshto Mukherjee, IS Johar, Ravi, Ram Avtar, Chanda, Qamar Sarhadi, Nazeer Kashmiri, Kedar Sehgal, Bairam, Bali Jajani, Omi, and Master Anu. Editing for this movie was done by M.S. Shinde. DR Thakkar and Faruk Kaiser were the associate directors of this movie. Darius Gotla was the Executive Producer of this movie, whereas Seeroo Daryanani (I think it is one person only) was the associate producer.

This movie had total six songs, including the famous qawwaali – “Jhoom Baraabar Jhoom Sharaabi” which is already posted on our blog. The qawwaliis written by Nazaan Sholapuri while Aziz Nazaan was the composer and the singer. For the remaining five songs, four are written by Rajendra Krishna and one by Indeevar. Music is composed by Kalyanji-Anandji. The movie titles under singers mention the name of Asha Bhonsle and Kishore Kumar only.

HFGK Vol V liststhe following songs in the for this movie,

  • Wo kya cheez hai maharaj… duniya ke banaane waale ne (Kishore Kumar)
  • Pyaar ke patang ki dor jiske haath hai (Kishore Kumar, chorus)
  • Jab se sarkaar ne nashaabandi tod di (Kishore Kumar, chorus)
  • Teraa husn Allaah Allaah teraa roop Raam Raam (Kishore Kumar)
  • Malmal mein badan mora chamke (Asha Bhonsle)

and for the famous qawwaali included in this movie it mentions a note;

In this movie one popular qawwali ‘Jhoom baraabar jhoom sharaabi (Singer-Composer: Aziz Nazan/Lyricist – Nazan Sholapuri) was picturized on Ambika Johar in this movie.

I wonder how Ambika Johar would have felt lip syncing this qawaali in thick and heavy set male voice. 😉 In his write-up presenting the above qawwaali song Atul ji has already mentioned the following-

In reality, this qawwaali was not created for this movie. This qawwaali was created by Aziz Nazaan for his mushairas. He was the singer as well as the music director of this qawwaali. 

However, after going through details of this movie mentioned in HFGK Vol-V, I was curious to know where the credit for this qawwaali have been mentioned in the titles of this movie. It appears in the ‘Assistants’ section – for ‘music assistants’ – mentioning Babla as ‘assistant’ and Parte as ‘arranger’, Conducted by Frank Fernand, followed by mentioning that ‘Jhoom Baraabar Jhoom’ by ‘Courtesy the Gramophone Co. India Ltd and Aziz Nazan, lyrics Nazan Sholapuri’, and as we all know that ironically the film today is identified with this famous qawwaali only and its other songs didn’t even get noticed or are remembered today if I am not wrong.

I could not find information about the plot / story of the film. A comment on the internet from a reader suggests that the movie was about a fictitious story set in the backdrop of the battle for freedom. The story is about a kingdom in an unspecified time era, which conquered by a foreign power, and the efforts of the royal family and a handful of activists to wrest back their freedom.

I had vague memories of watching this film in my childhood with my parents. However, I only remember the ‘monkeys with the rifles’ and over the years after that, reading about this film, I got to know that there were the ‘look-alikes’ of ‘Rajesh Khanna’ and ‘Shashi Kapoor’ in this film. But the one memory that has been permanently associated with this film’s name is the famous ‘qawwaali’. It was very popular in those years and continues to be so for many years. It was frequently heard over loud speakers then.

Almost six years back I came across this song sung by Kishore Kumar and on checking I find that this was from this movie ‘Five Rifles’. Listening to this song give a me a feeling of hearing it many years back on radio or elsewhere. I had shared this song with Atul ji then, but somehow it remained to be posted for this day today 🙂

So, fortunately I get to share this song from this movie sung by Kishore Kumar which is a ‘patriotic song’ in disguise of a romantic song. On screen it is lip synced by Rakesh Khanna who is also trying to enact the mannerisms of the Superstar Rajesh Khanna. The situation of the song; (after watching this part of the movie having this song)

Rakesh Khanna a ‘deshbhakt’ is in jail where the officer Khotu’s wife ‘Madam Khotu’ (?) (don’t know who the actress is) is having a crush on him, goes to meet him and get him released from the jail. Since, her husband is eyeing over Rakesh’s fiancée Rajkumari – of Rakesh Khanna. So, she is doing a ‘tit for tat’ to her husband. She takes our hero to her ‘mahal’ and orders him to sing a song praising her beauty.

‘Mr. Rakesh, hamaare husn ki taarif karo’ … warna ‘khatm kar diye jaaoge’

As our hero is still not ready to surrender her, she gives him a final call

Tumko apni jaan bhi pyaari nahin’

‘Mujhe apne desh se jyaada kuchh bhi pyaara nahin’

 ‘Jhooth mat bolo’ …

Madam Khotu finally gets the hero’s ‘mangetar’ there,

‘Agar iski zindagi chaahte ho to …’

On the other side, the ‘mangetar’ also threatens the hero of losing his love if he sings a song. As our hero is in a dilemma, his eyes fall upon the map of India on the wall behind Madam Khotu’s ‘sinhaasan’. This gives him an idea, and he improvises, singing a ‘patriotic song’ for the country, disguised as a song praising Madam Khotu’s ‘beauty’.

Here is this beautiful song sung by Kishore Kumar and composed by Kalyanji-Anandji. Lyrics are by Rajendra Krishna. And I think I can mention this here that after the qawwaali of this film was posted on the blog on 30th Jun 2009, this song is coming on to the blog today after a gap of almost NINE years.

Wishing herewith all ‘Eid Mubarak’ today let us now enjoy this song …

[Author’s Note: – I had noted one additional stanza at the time of sending this song in 2012, and noted that its video is not available. This additional stanza is given after the main song. I could not find its audio or video even now. Also, I do not remember the source of this additional stanza now.]

[Ed Note: We already have a category on this blog named “Dance Under Duress”; with this song, we now introduce a similar category “Sing Under Duress”. 🙂 ]

 

Song – Tera Husn Allah Allah, Tera Roop Ram Ram (Five Rifles) (1974) Singer – Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Rajendra Krishan, MD – Kalyanji Anandji

Lyrics

teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
ek main hi nahin
tere karodon ghulaam
ek main hi nahin
tere karodon ghulaam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam

tu jo palke jhukaa dein
himaalaa jhuke
tu jo palke jhukaa dein
himaalaa jhuke
tu isharaa kare
gangaa jamunaa ruke
teri julfen sanwaare
kashmir ki hawaa
teri julfen sanwaare
kashmir ki hawaa
dhoyein kanyakumaari
tere paanv sadaa
tere kadmon ki dhool ko
sitaaron ka salaam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam

tu meraa ishq hai
meraa imaan hai
tu meraa ishq hai
meraa imaan hai
main teri jaan hoon
tu meri jaan hai
teraa deewaana hoon ye
dikhaadoonga main
teraa deewaana hoon ye
dikhaadoonga main
teri aawaaz pe
sar kataa loongaa main
teri khaatir main pea loonga
zehar kaa bhi jaam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam

(following lyric’s audio/video not found)

aaj kitney dilon pe teraa raaj hai
ye teri saadgee hi teraa taaj hai
kya ajantaa ki main
tujhko moorat kahun
tu banaaras ki subah
aavadh ki hai shaam
teraa husn allaah allaah
teraa roop raam raam
ek main hi nahin
tere karodon ghulaam

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
एक मैं ही नहीं
तेरे करोड़ों गुलाम
एक मैं ही नहीं
तेरे करोड़ों गुलाम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम

तू जो पलकें झुका दें
हिमाला झुके
तू जो पलकें झुका दें
हिमाला झुके
तू इशारा करे
गंगा जमुना रुके
तेरी जुल्फें सवारे
कश्मीर की हवा
धोएं कन्याकुमारी तेरे पाँव सदा
तेरे क़दमों की धुल को
सितारों का सलाम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम

तू मेरा इश्क है
मेरा ईमान है
तू मेरा इश्क है
मेरा ईमान है
मैं तेरी जान हूँ
तू मेरी जान है
तेरा दीवाना हूँ ये
दिखा दूंगा मैं
तेरा दीवाना हूँ ये
दिखा दूंगा मैं
तेरी आवाज़ पे
सर कटा लूँगा मैं
तेरी खातिर मैं पी लूँगा
ज़हर का भी जाम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम

(पंक्तियाँ, जिनकी दृश्य-श्रव्य कड़ी नहीं मिली)

आज कितने दिलों पे तेरा राज है
ये तेरी सादगी ही तेरा ताज है
क्या अजन्ता की मैं
तुझको मूरत कहूँ
तू बनारस की सुबह
अवध की है शाम
तेरा हुस्न अल्लाह अल्लाह
तेरा रूप राम राम
एक मैं ही नहीं
तेरे करोड़ों गुलाम

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3548 Post No. : 14236

Today’s song is from a film called Ahinsa-1947. The film makes its Debut on the Blog. The song is sung by Chitalkar, an unknown female voice and Chorus. Written by G S Nepali, it is composed by C Ramchandra.

1947 was a very momentous and memorable year in the annals of Hindi film Industry.Many talented actors, directors,singers, composers, lyricists, writers and technicians left India, opting to migrate to Pakistan. The year 1947 actually started with a bad Omen. K L Saigal died on 18th January 1947. The country was on the threshold of Partition and Independence for two countries. The film industry, which was a true Secular industry, started harbouring doubts about each other.

Muslim artists who decided to migrate, started completing their assignments hurriedly. Suddenly, the film industry became extremely busy, resulting in churning out 181 Hindi films in just one year.This was a record in itself. It took another 40 odd years to break this record.187 films were made in 1985.

A void was created suddenly, when scores of film artistes from various disciplines migrated en masse to Pakistan.Most left in 1947,few more left within next 5 to 10 years and still some more,like actor Kumar left in the early 60s. By 1965, the entire process was almost complete, with few exceptions. Though the list is very long, some names who left India are, M.Ismail, Rafiq Gaznavi, Ghulam Mohd. actor, Zahur Shah, Zahur raja, Mukhtar Begum, Charlie, Nazir Ahmed, Ghulam haider, Najmul Hasan, Noorjehan, S M Yousuf, G A Chisti, Firoz Nizami, Ajmal, Khurshid Anwar, Saadat manto, Najam Naqvi, Ragini, W Z Ahmed, Swarnalata, Nashaad, Premlata,Shaukat Rizvi, Himalaywala, Rasheed Atre, meena Shorey, Asha Posley, Renuka devi, Nissar Bazmi, Sudhir, Santosh etc etc……..

In 1947, so many films were made, but since many were completed in a hurry, a large chunk of films failed miserably. Only a handful films were good and successful. In fact these films were so good that their music and songs actually heralded the beginning of “The Golden Period”. Films like Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard, Mirza Sahiban, Shehnai, Elaan, Sindoor, Meera, Parwana, Saajan, Aapki sewa mein, Bela, Do dil and many more gave excellent and long lasting songs.

Some landmarks too took place. Lata’s first playback song, Usha Kiran’s debut in film Lalat, in her real name-Usha Marathe, Extra ordinary film Elaan, which was much ahead of its time and a very bold film on Muslim society weaknesses, Madhubala’s debut, debut of Uma Devi, Debut of Manhar Desai(Malcom D’souza), Last film of Saigal-Parwana, Last film of Noorjehan-Mirza Sahiban, First Simhali film ‘Broken promises’ made in Bombay, First studio-Uday in Kerala and the rise of C Ramchandra as a strong competitor to Naushad, were some important events of 1947.

C Ramchandra left Jayant Desai’s job in 1945. Then he was working on a film called ” Ahinsa”, which was delayed, censored in 1947 and released only in 1948.

The story was based on 1942 Quit India movement, but since it was delayed, lot of changes in story and songs took place. That was a period when Gandhi ji was on Top. He was the epitome of Ahinsa (Non violence), though the Partition took place with his consent only. So, to cash on the Gandhi wave, the film title must have been kept Ahinsa. I have not seen the film, but Baburao Patel’s Film India does not speak good about the film. Actually, this film was a resounding flop.

The gist of the film story is, Santosh- an upholder of Ahinsa, saves a British soldies from getting killed with an axe, by some terrorists. In the melee that ensues, the culprits run away and Santosh is caught with axe in his hands. Luckily, the soldier testifies in his favour and he is saved. This was a Debut film for the actor Santosh Kumar, the production house, Kashmir films and its Director Rajaram.

The real name of Santosh Kumar was Syed Moosa Abbas Raza. He was born on 25-12-1925 at Lahore. He hailed from a noble family of U.P. he graduated from Osmania University of Hyderabad Deccan, he also passed the ICS exam with flying colours. He was a tall and very handsome young man with command over English and Urdu.

His first film was ‘Ahinsa’-47 and second film was ‘ Meri kahani-48’. Then he migrated to Pakistan. He was one of the most successful actors of Pakistani films.He was the Hero of film ‘ Do Aansoo’-50, the first film in Pakistan to celebrate Silver Jubilee. He won the first Nigar Award too.

After working in more than 100 films, he diversified and became a Director in an American food company. He had also led many film industry delegations abroad. he was truly a Superstar. His second wife was actress Sabiha Khanum. His all family was in films. he died on 11-6-1982, just a few days before his son’s marriage. It was often said in Pakistan that if he had opted to remain in India, he would have overtaken Dilip kumar !

Navin Yagnik ( from U.P.), who also wrote the film story, did the role of the terrorist, Ramayan Tiwari was the Boss of the gang. The film was directed by Rajaram-his first film as a director. later he directed 3 more films,namely, Madadgaar-47, Dhoom dham-49 and Dilbar-51.

Film Ahinsa was released at Novelty Theatre Bombay on 20-2-1948, just about 3 weeks after Gandhi’s death. may be the timing was wrong, as there were many riots all over India during this period. Today’s song seems to be a marching song. the music and tune of the song is very good. I liked it. The songs of film Ahinsa were not available so far. They have been uploaded on You Tube only on 16th March 2018, about 20 days ago.h


Song-Azaad hain hum aaj se (Ahinsa)(1947) Singers- Unknown female voice, Chitalkar, Lyricist- Gopal Singh Nepali, MD- C Ramchandra
Male chorus
Female chorus
Both
Both +chorus

Lyrics

Azaad hain hum aaj se
jailon ke taale tod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do

?? phusla ke chhen li
tumne ?? shamsheer
kaanoon padhkar pyaar se
phir pahna di zanjeer
do sau baras se bhar gaya thha
paapon ka ghada phod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
Azaad hain hum aaj se
jailon ke taale tod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do

maara hai deshbhakton ko tumne
goli se bhoon ke
jaallianwaala bagh mein
hain daagh ab bhi khoon ke
jaallianwaala bagh mein
hain daagh ab bhi khoon ke
saari duniya dhikkaar ki
ab to apna munh mod lo
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do

Azaad hain hum aaj se
jailon ke taale tod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do

le kar mazhab ka maamla
tumne jhagda badha diya
le kar mazhab ka maamla
tumne jhagda badha diya

Hindu aur musalmaanon ko
aapas mein lada diya
Hindu aur musalmaanon ko
aapas mein lada diya
ham lad maren ya kuchh karen
tum ghar hamaara chhod do
ham lad maren ya kuchh karen
tum ghar hamaara chhod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do

bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
Azaad hain hum aaj se
jailon ke taale tod do
ab jaao apne desh ko
angrezon bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do
bharat chhod do


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13979

Today (26 january 2018) is the 69th republic day of India. As for the blog, it was the 10th republic day for us. It may be unbelievable but we are just six months away from completing a decade of existence for this blog.

Today, three articles have been covered by three contributors. One post introduced a “debutant” movie. Sudhir Jee had planned to post a suitable song from “Susheela”(1966) that we thought would make “Susheela”(1966) our YIPPEE movie of the day. But Sudhir Jee discovered that this movie had another song left (this additional information was lying hidden in the corrigendum.

After posting this song, a worried Sudhir Jee emailed me, telling me that our YIPPEE target for the day is not yet achieved and we need to achieve it by posting balance song from any YIPPIABLE movie even if that song was not really a Republic day kind of a song.

I had myself given some thought to this matter and I had found that we indeed have an appropriate YIPPIABLE movie for the occasion. This is in fact quite a special song on many counts.

For once, this song is perhaps the earliest song of the “bada hoke desh ka naam karoonga” genre of song. This song just one year after Indian independence. The movie is “Tigress”(1948). “Tigress” was directed by Keshav Talpade for Basant Pictures, Bombay. It had Fearless Nadia, Prakash, Dalpat, Sona Cahtterji Boman Shroff, Radha, Qamar, Jal Khanbata, Kareem, Salim, Rajput (the horse), Moti (the dog), <Austin ki bachchi (the car) etc.

Thisb movie had five songs in it and it was a treasure trove of songs for occasions like Republic day. In fact, Sudhir Ji himself has covered a song from this movie during the republic day of 2013.

I think that the picturisation of this song is similar to the picturisation of the song covered by Sudhir Ji on this day five years ago. Two teachers (played by Sona Chatterji and Fearless Nadia) are singing this aspirational song in the presence of school children who hope to grow into adults citizens who would then take the destiny of the nation in their hands and cover the nation with glory. The song also shows Nadia unfurling the national flag.

Great sentiments are expressed in this song. It is worth noticing that India was not yet a republic at that time. That will happen only two years later.

I have read an article today by one of our youngest contributors who has expressed cynicism at the state of affairs of the nation as present. I, on the other hand, who has been attending republic day from the 18th republic day (today it was the 69th republic day today), I feel extremely optimistic. From a nation that was a begging bowl economy at that time, we are now one of the biggest economies of the world. The country was never in this good a shape as it is now. I was a hopeful “nanha munna raahi” in those days. Now I feel that we are really at a stage where we can take off.

Today I actually find myself holding a “baagdor” of the nation as a grown up citizen of the country. I actually represent the Government and as such I help run the nation. Instead of looking at others and complaining that they are not doing anything for the nation, I seriously think that everyone of us should ask ourselves what we are doing for the nation. If we do our job to the best of our abilities- and out best can really be quite something- then we will in some way help contribute in nation building.

We all take pride in the fact that India is one of the fastest growing economy in the world and that its GDP is growing at a growth rate of 7 % per annum. Let everyone of us ask ourselves- am I contributing in this GDP growth rate ? If I am not making a positive contribution, then at least I should try not to come in the way of those who are contributing in this GDP growth.

For instance, I ask myself. What is the contribution of Indian Railways in Indian GDP ? And what is the contribution of my unit in that GDP. I find that Railways, despite being such a huge government organisation, contributes only 1 % to national GDP. Road sector on the other hand contributes 4 %. It shows that railways have lots and lots of room for improvement. I ask such questions for my own unit as well, and that helps us keep ourselves in our toes.

If one does not waste time then one can achieve a lot. In India we do not realise the value of time. I can claim to be one of the very few people who values time. I do not waste my time or the time of others. That helps me achieve lots of things, including in my official works that most people cannot even dream of, because they always run out of time.

No doubt there are people in India who are self serving and their contributions in national building is in the negative, but let us not waste our time lamenting that. Let us do our own jobs sincerely and to the best of our abilities. That alone will make lots and lots of difference in the long run.

I feel that I have some experience and insight in such matters, I will share my views about where we stand as a nation and what can be done to progress fast vis a vis other nations in a series of articles in future. I hope our regulars will find those articles informative and interesting.

For the time being, let us enjoy this song from “Tigress”(1948). The movie had five songs in it. Following were the four songs that were covered earlier in the blog.

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Prem ke taange pe main udd jaaun 7363 18-Jan-13
Hum iss zameen ke hain 7410 26-Jan-13
Ae gham naseeb gham ko lahoo kar piye jaa 7415 28-Jan-13
Ye chaand taare hamen beqaraar karte hain 13668 21-Oct-17

Singers are not identified. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify them. Lyrics are penned by C M Hunar. Music is composed by Chitragupta.

With this song, “Tigress”(1948) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.

I take this opportunity to wish everyone a very happy 69th republic day. May we be in an even better shape the next year on the same day.


Song-Aaj bachche hain ham (Tigress)(1948) Lyrics-C M Hunar, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

aaj bachche hain ham
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
aaj bachche hain ham
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan

aur padh likh ke hona hai hamko vidwaan
aur padh likh ke hona hai hamko vidwaan
aaj bachche hain ham kal honge jawaan
kal honge jawaan kal honge jawaan

jahaalat ka kar denge ham munh kaala
vidya se duniya mein hoga ujaala
taakat ke sar pe jeet ka sehra
taakat ke sar pe jeet ka sehra
apne gale mein ho jaimala jaimala
apne gale mein ho jaimala jaimala

kasrat karen ham kartab dikhaye
ek do teen char paanch
varjish kare ham taakat badhaayen
ek do teen char paanch
ham taakat badha ke dikhaaye aan ban
ham taakat badha ke dikhaye aan ban
aaj bache hai ham kal honge jawan
kal honge jawan kal honge jawan

taakat se chadayenge apne vatan pe apna jhanda
ilm se lahrayenge apne vatan pe apna jhanda
ilm se lahaayenge apne vatan pe apna jhenda
vande matram vande matram
vande matram vande matram


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13978

The blog activities have picked up pace quite a bit in this new year. Almost all contributors are quite active. I hope this pace is sustained, and does not peter out like the enthusiastic short term flings of the resolutioners. Gajendra ji had commented that it generally is a euphoria that lasts about a week into the new year. But in this case, ‘रब नजर ना लगाए’, we seem to be going great guns for over three weeks now. So far, it portends all good for the continuing activity. Now only if responses in the comments column also pick up pace. 🙂

Greetings to all readers and friends, on the occasion of marking the Republic Day event of our country.

In the notes exchanged with Atul ji over the past week, it comes about that the 1966 film ‘Sushila’ is just one song short of being a Yippeee film on the blog. And quite fortunately, the remaining song in the list is actually very appropriate for the celebration of 26th January. Scrambling to locate this song, we are unsuccessful to find it posted online. And so the quick decision was to upload the song, post it for 26th January celebrations and in the process add one more to the list of Yippeee’d films.

In the process of realizing this plan, as I checked the songs folder for this film in my collection, I was in for a very peculiar surprise. I checked and checked again with the Geet Kosh and also with the list of songs available on the blog. There had to be an error somewhere. Actually, the songs folder in my collection was showing one song extra than the 6 songs that are supposed to be there. Checking with Geet Kosh, the number seems to tally. Our Yippeee films lists also shows this film as being one song short. So how come I have an extra song.

My first reaction of course was that another song has been inserted in this folder by mistake. I took a chance and called up my collector friend to check. He said that the song (the extra song I was enquiring about) belongs to this film. In confusion, I completed the call, without asking him another important question – who says it is?

In confusion, I resorted back to the Geet Kosh. And it just struck me to check the corrigenda of volume IV. And as I did, I find that this ‘supposed’ extra song does exist for this film. The corrigenda entry lists this song, as one more song for this film, which is missing from the main Geet Kosh listings.

So the silver lining to this confusion cloud is that this film has seven and not six songs – one more unheard song to enjoy. Ah yes, but there is also a cloud to this silver lining – that this film cannot be yippeee’d today. So, there. 🙂

Today’s song is written by Jaan Nisar Akhtar, and the music is by C Arjun. The singing voices are of Asha Bhosle and Usha Mangeshkar accompanied by chorus. I haven’t had the opportunity to see this film. The manner in which the song is presented, it appears that a teacher is singing this song, accompanied by a group of school students. The teacher is telling about the glory and the history of India, and then she poses a query to the students, to tell briefly about some of the great people of our country. Apparently, the students take turns to sing out a brief introduction to certain great leaders of our country, past and present.

At the end of the song, the teacher takes over once again, and tells the students about the continuing problems and social ills, and then exhorts them to become the great leaders of the future, and help to address these problems.

The issues mentioned, were valid for the 1960s, and sadly, they continue more aggravated-ly, even fifty years later. It seems as if the human progress continues, in many aspects and many spheres of life. But apparently, these social evils are a given constant in the society. Nothing seems to have the power to effect any change in status quo. These issues have been discussed in ancient texts, in the teachings of great men over the ages, and continue to seize the time and attention of the leaders today. And that is all I have to say about this situation.

Enjoy this rare song from the mid 1960s, that apparently went out of circulation for quite some time in the interim.

Once again, greetings for a Happy Republic Day.

Song – Satyamev Jayate Satyamev Jayate  (Sushila) (1966) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Usha Mnageshkar, Lyrics – Jaan Nisar Akhtar, MD – C Arjun
Chorus

Lyrics

bharat ke hum rehne waale
bharat hum ko pyaara hai
is dharti ka maan badhaana
pehla farz hamaara hai
is dharti ka maan badhaana
pehla farz hamaara hai
sadiyon ke itihas ne humko
raaz yahi batlaaya hai
desh ki jis ne sewa ki hai
wohi bada kehlaaya hai
desh ki jis ne sewa ki hai
wohi bada kehlaaya hai
aise mahaan insaanon ke
naam zara batlaao to
desh ki khatir kis ne kiya
kya kaam zara batlaao to
desh ki khatir kis ne kiya
kya kaam zara batlaao to

chandragupt samraat ke jiska daur sunehra daur hua
daur sunehra daur hua
mulk tha apna tukde tukde
ek bana kuchh aur hua
mulk tha apna tukde tukde
ek bana kuchh aur hua
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

amn ka khud paighaam ho jaise
naam ashok e azam ka
naam ashok e azam ka
aaj bhi chakra nishaan hai
apne tirange parcham ka
aaj bhi chakra nishaan hai
apne tirange parcham ka
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

akbar jis ne maanavta ka
farz sikhaana chaaha tha
farz sikhaana chaaha tha
hind ki saar kaumon ko
ik kaum banana chaaha tha
hind ki saar kaumon ko
ik kaum banana chaaha tha
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

tipu jisko naam watan ka
jaan se apni pyaara tha
jaan se apni pyaara tha
jisne aage badh ke videsi taaqat ko lalkaara tha
jisne aage badh ke videsi taaqat ko lalkaara tha
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

naam hai zinda laxmi bai
jhansi ki maharani ka
jhansi ki maharani ka
hum ko jisne sabak diya hai
himmat ka qurbaani ka
hum ko jisne sabak diya hai
himmat ka qurbaani ka
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

veer bhagt singh desh pe jis ne
apne ko qurbaan kiya
apne ko qurbaan kiya
chadh kar jis ne sooli pe
azaadi ka ailaan kiya
chadh kar jis ne sooli pe
azaadi ka ailaan kiya
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

neta wo subhash ke jin se
andolan ki mauj chali
andolan ki mauj chali
kaandhe par ik jhanda le kar
azaadi ki fauj chali
kaandhe par ik jhanda le kar
azaadi ki fauj chali
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

bapu bin hathiyaar jinhon ne
jung ladi azaadi ki
jung ladi azaadi ki
jin ke kaaran hum ne dekhi
aaj ghadi azaadi ki
jin ke kaaran hum ne dekhi
aaj ghadi azaadi ki
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

nehru apna pyara  rehbar
jis ne har balidan diya
jis ne har balidan diya
saare jag ki nazron mein
is desh ko ooncha maan diya
saare jag ki nazron mein
is desh ko ooncha maan diya
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate
satyamev jayate satyamev jayate

goonji hai awaaz samay ki
waqt ke hain paighaam bahut
aage aage karna honge
hum ko tum ko kaam bahut
kab tak aakhir aur sahen
is gurbat is bekaari ko
khatm abhi karna hai hamen
dualat ki zaaradaari ko
zaat ke bandhan cheez hain kya
kyon doori apne beech rahe
desh mein koi dukh kyon jhele
kyon ye oonch aur neech rahe
tumko bhi kal badh ke
apne baagh ki khushboo ban’na hai
bachcho ik din tumko gandhi
tumko nehru ban’na hai

gandhi ban’na hai
nehru ban’na hai

gandhi ban’na hai
nehru ban’na hai

gandhi ban’na hai
nehru ban’na hai

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
भारत के हम रहने वाले
भारत हमको प्यारा है
इस धरती का मान बढ़ाना
पहला फर्ज़ हमारा है
इस धरती का मान बढ़ाना
पहला फर्ज़ हमारा है
सदियों के इतिहास ने हमको
राज़ यही बतलाया है
देश की जिसने सेवा की है
वही बड़ा कहलाया है
देश की जिसने सेवा की है
वही बड़ा कहलाया है
ऐसे महान इन्सानों के
नाम ज़रा बतलाओ तो
देश की खातिर किसने किया
क्या काम ज़रा बतलाओ तो
देश की खातिर किसने किया
क्या काम ज़रा बतलाओ तो

चन्द्रगुप्त सम्राट के जिसका दौर सुनहरा दौर हुआ
दौर सुनहरा दौर हुआ
मुल्क था अपना टुकड़े टुकड़े
एक बना कुछ और हुआ
मुल्क था अपना टुकड़े टुकड़े
एक बना कुछ और हुआ
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

अम्न का खुद पैगाम हो जैसे
नाम अशोक ए आज़म का
नाम अशोक ए आज़म का
आज भी जिसका चक्र निशां है
अपने तिरंगे परचम का
आज भी जिसका चक्र निशां है
अपने तिरंगे परचम का
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

अकबर जिसने मानवता का
फर्ज़ सिखाना चाहा था
फर्ज़ सिखाना चाहा था
हिन्द की सारी क़ौमों को
इक कौम बनाना चाहा था
हिन्द की सारी क़ौमों को
इक कौम बनाना चाहा था
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

टीपू जिसको नाम वतन का
जान से अपनी प्यारा था
जान से अपनी प्यारा था
जिसने आगे बढ़ के
विदेशी ताक़त को ललकारा था
जिसने आगे बढ़ के
विदेशी ताक़त को ललकारा था
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

नाम है ज़िंदा लक्ष्मी बाई
झाँसी की महारानी का
झाँसी की महारानी का
हमको जिसने सबक दिया है
हिम्मत का कुर्बानी का
हमको जिसने सबक दिया है
हिम्मत का कुर्बानी का
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

वीर भगत सिंह देश पे जिसने
अपने को कुर्बान किया
अपने को कुर्बान किया
चढ़ कर जिसने सूली पे
आज़ादी का ऐलान किया
चढ़ कर जिसने सूली पे
आज़ादी का ऐलान किया
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

नेता वो सुभाष के जिन से
आंदोलन की मौज चली
आंदोलन की मौज चली
कांधे पर इक झण्डा ले कर
आज़ादी की फौज चली
कांधे पर इक झण्डा ले कर
आज़ादी की फौज चली
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

बापू बिन हथियार जिन्हों ने
जंग लड़ी आज़ादी की
जंग लड़ी आज़ादी की
जिन के कारण हमने देखी
आज घड़ी आज़ादी की
जिन के कारण हमने देखी
आज घड़ी आज़ादी की
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

नेहरू अपना प्यारा रहबर
जिसने हर बलिदान दिया
जिसने हर बलिदान दिया
सारे जग की नज़रों में
इस देश को ऊंचा मान दिया
सारे जग की नज़रों में
इस देश को ऊंचा मान दिया
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते
सत्यमेव जयते सत्यमेव जयते

गूंजी है आवाज़ समय की
वक़्त के हैं पैगाम बहुत
आगे आगे करना होंगे
हमको तुमको काम बहुत
कब तक आखिर और सहें
इस गुरबत और बेकारी को
खत्म अभी करना हाई हमको
इस दौलत की ज़ारादारी को
ज़ात के बंधन चीज़ हैं क्या
क्यों दूरी अपने बीच रहे
देश में कोई दुख क्यों झेले
क्यों ये ऊंच और नीच रहे
तुमको भी कर बढ़ के
अपने बाग की खुशबू बनना है
बच्चो इक दिन तुमको गांधी
तुमको नेहरू बनना है

गांधी बनना है
नेहरू बनना है

गांधी बनना है
नेहरू बनना है

गांधी बनना है
नेहरू बनना है

 


This article is written by Peevesie, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13977

Republic day is a holiday that nearly everyone looks forward to in this country.

As a kid I would hate the day, though. We would have to get ready even earlier than usual, find our way to school for the ‘jhanda vandan’ – flag hoisting ceremony. I would usually be both in the marchpast and the patriotic dance. So, I would have to do a sneak off as soon as the flag is hoisted and get in costume for a badly choreographed patriot dance which had more in common with the actions that accompany a nursery rhyme.

I would then head back home where the society ‘jhanda vandan‘ would be over already and there would be poha for breakfast. My friends and I would chill together and then head home once our parents have finally gone hoarse from calling out to us for lunch. Then of course it would be the ol’e hearty meal and hearty sleep routine.

These days I love the day like the rest of the adult population. Which to be honest is mostly because it’s an off for nearly everyone and most people get to sleep in on a weekday. Except maybe liquor store owners and alcoholics. It is a difficult day for them indeed.

I know I sound cynical, but the way our country is right now, we manage to find our inner patriotism and urge to display our constitutional values only twice a year. We find it in ourselves to be socialist, liberal, proud of our diversities, and nationalist with a urge to do genuine social good. We talk about ‘swachhta abhiyan‘ over non-biodegradable thermocol cups of tea and foiled paper plates of food and plastic spoons. We have really taken our country for granted in a manner that is unprecedented in history.

The other day at the pre-Republic Day annual get together in my society, the party was ended with a loud cheer for a late communal regional leader of Maharashtra. My friends and I had a really uncomfortable look exchange and we then had a private conversation about how certain views sometimes get expressed in our families that we choose to remain silent out of respect for the elders in question. There was also a general agreement that the current political environment leaves very little space for the youth to be fully socialist liberals and thus we are choosing to be capitalists looking to make our way.

I think it’s high time we decide to be patriots outside the National holidays, cricket stadiums and the auditoriums of sports-based movies. Let us inculcate the values that make our nation move forward.

And meanwhile let me introduce some of you to a patriotic song from a recent sports-based movie, ‘Mary Kom’ (2014).

[Ed Note: With this song, the film ‘Mary Kom’ makes its debut on our blog today.]

Song – Jhuke Tere Aage Sar (Mary Kom) (2014) Singers – Vishal Dadlani, Salim Merchant, Lyrics – Sandeep Singh, MD – Shivam
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Peevesie’s mom)

jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
india

mushkil waqt mein bhi
hum na khoyen hausla
mil ke  saath chalne ka yoon kar len faisla
mitti hum jo choome to milta josh hai
bas teri hi khaatir jaan ye sarfarosh hai
jeet ka jashan hum manaayenge
aasmaan tiranga sajaana aaj hai
shaan se sabhi ko bataayenge
jeet lenge ye saara jahaan

jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
india aa aaaaaaa
india aa
india

ho abr se iraade hon
koshisho ke waade hon
manzil milegi chaahe raahein hon khafa
aaaaaaaaaa
ho abr se iraade hon
koshisho ke waade hon
manzil milegi chaahe raahein hon khafa
desh ye sikhaata hai
himmatein badhaata hai
thhokar se gir ke na tu rukna be-wajaah
tera ye watan
kar kuch bhi jatan tu
jaan bhi is pe luta de tu
dar ko dara ke raggon mein fateh ka josh jaga
arsh ki udaane lagani hain
in hawaaoon ka rukh badalna aaj hai
desh ye ibbadat humari hai
de tu ye aaj sab ko bataa

jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
jhuke tere aage sar
teri god mera ghar
hai tujhe salaam india
aaaaaa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-
झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
इंडिया

मुश्किल वक़्त में भी
हम न खोएँ हौसला
मिलके साथ चलने का यूं कर लें फैसला
मिट्टी हम जो चूमें तो मिलता जोश हाओन
बस तेरी ही खातिर ये जां सरफरोश है
जीत का जशन हम मनाएंगे
आसमां तिरंगा सजाना आज है
शान से सभी को बताएँगे
जीत लेंगे ये सारा जहान्

झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
इंडिया॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
इंडिया॰॰आ
इंडिया

हो अब्र से इरादे हों
कोशिशों के वादे हों
मंज़िल मिलेगी चाहे राहें हों खफा
आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ
हो अब्र से इरादे हों
कोशिशों के वादे हों
मंज़िल मिलेगी चाहे राहें हों खफा
देश ये सिखाता है
हिम्मतें बढ़ाता है
ठोकर से गिरके तू ना रुकना बेवजह
तेरा ये वतन
कर कुछ भी जतन
जां भी इस पे लुटा दे तू
डर को डरा के रगों में फतेह का जोश जागा
अर्श की उड़ाने लगानी हैं
इन हवाओं का रुख बदलना आज है
देश ये इबादत हमारी है
दे तू ये आज सबको बता

झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
झुके तेरे आगे सर
तेरी गोद मेरा घर
है तुझे सलाम इंडिया
आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13976

I congratulate all our readers on the auspicious occasion of this 69th REPUBLIC DAY of our country (26 january 2018).

Seriously, how many of us really know the definition of a Republic ? As per the Oxford Dictionary, “A Republic is a sovereign country, which is organised with a form of Government in which the power resides with elected individuals, who exercise power according to the rule of the law “. In short, it is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

After India achieved freedom in 1947, some films on Patriotic themes were made. ‘Andolan’ (1951) was one such film. Made by Harnam Motwane, under his banner Motwane Ltd, this film is labelled as a ‘historic’ film by HFGK. That may be because in this film the history of India’s independence struggle from 1885 to 1947 is shown with the documentaries and actual footage (with a basic film story, of course) from short films made by Films Division and some film companies like Krishna and Kohinoor films.

This was Kishore Kumar’s first film as a hero and his role was a serious one, that of a militant hero. Though in his later career, Kishore became famous and popular as a comedian – a reluctant one, though, he always yearned for serious roles in serious films. When he started producing his own films, he took the opportunity to make some serious films.

Today’s song is from film ‘Andolan’. It is not a film song actually, but our National Song, suitably woven into the film story. “Vande Maataram” could have been our National Anthem, but things were manoeuvred in such a way that it did not get that place of honour. Let us see a brief history of Vande Mataram through the years.

It was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay who wrote the lyrics for the powerful “Vande Maataram”. It was Sanyasi Rebellion (1763-1800) that inspired Bankim to write the historic novel ‘Ananda Matth’. Actually, the lyrics of this song came much before the novel. He wrote the lyrics while he was riding in a train and was inspired by the scenic landscape, beautiful lakes and charm of nature in its expansive splendor. The poet in him got totally inspired and burst into penning down lyrics for this soul stirring poem. However, it took few more years for the poem to reach to the masses.

On April 14th 1906, at the Bengali Provincial Conference of Indian National Congress at Barisal, Bankim revealed this power-packed mantra to the masses. The pledge for undoing the then partition of Bengal was also taken at this conference. And “Vande Maatarm” became a weapon in the hands of patriotic revolutionaries of India which shook the foundation of British Raj. Many hard core patriots went to gallows while holding Bhagwath Geeta in one hand and the lines of “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

“Vande Maataram” even reached the shores of America in 1912 and the Gadar party was formed to fight against British Colonialism, with vows of patriotism singing the lines of this inspirational poem. Four Indian revolutionaries from Independence League in Japan were caught by British forces and were sentenced to death. All four went to gallows with “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

National Anthem of Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army – INA) led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, was a soul-stirring adoration of the motherland India which inspired thousands of soldiers to lay down their lives for India’s independence. Netaji writes about “Vande Mataram” in his autobiography calling it as the National Anthem of India. In his writings, he says – “Vande Maataram” literally means “I salute you, O Mother”.

“Vande Maataram” inspired twenty four soldiers of Bristish Indian Army stationed in Tamilnadu in 1940’s. And British arrested all twenty four on charges of mutiny and were sentenced to death. In Madras (now Chennai) Jail all twenty four went to gallows once again with “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

The acceptance and usage of this poem was also fraught with controversies. The Muslim League opposed the acceptance of this poem on grounds of religious sentiments, as early as 1908. Taking a rigid and parochial view, based on a certain interpretations of the fundamental tenets of Islamic traditions, they claimed that their religion disallowed them to bow their head in worship and salute to any person or symbol other than Allah, the Almighty. By this logic, they said, a salute to even as revered a symbol as the Motherland, would be hurting their religious sentiments.

In 1922, Congress leaders with Nehru as a party leader decided to maim “Vande Maataram” by allowing only first two stanzas of this poem to be sung. Muslim League still persisted in its objection, and in 1938, Jinnah placed before Nehru his demand for completely abandoning this poem.
[Ed Note: There is ample evidence to also show that such divisive manipulations was the handiwork of the British. It was the British who wanted the ‘Jana Gana Mana. . .’ poem by Rabindranath Tagore, to take precedence over all other such similar candidates. They wanted to stress their superiority and control over the leaders and people of India, simply because the creation of Rabindranath Tagore was originally written in the honor of the British king. And that both the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress were simply toeing the British line.]

Nehru further went on to say that lyrics of “Vande Maataram” were not suitable for composing it into a melody. And no orchestra will be able to play such a song. But one patriot-musician Master Krishna Rao Phulambrikar from Pune proved Nehru wrong. He composed “Vande Maataram” in a very melodious tune. However, Nehru wanted to get okay from British Band (orchestra) experts. Master Krishna Rao Phulambrikar came to Bombay (now Mumbai) and played his composition to British Band experts and they approved it after playing smoothly in their orchestra. This proved for the first time that “Vande Maataram” could be composed melodiously.
[Author’s Note : I do not understand here why Nehru wanted an okay from British Band in the first place].

In spite of all these efforts, Congress leaders did not like the idea of making this poem as the National Anthem of India. Even before the official decision was taken by Constituent Assembly on this issue, “Jana Gana Mana” was played as National Anthem in the UN General Assembly in 1947. If congress (read – Nehru) would not have hastened there was a possibility that “Vande Maataram” would have been adopted as National Anthem of India by majority votes of assembly members.

But things took place behind the scenes. The question never came to Constituent Assembly. Instead of passing a resolution for adopting National Anthem by majority votes, the first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad was asked to announce on January 24th, 1950 saying that “Jana Gana Mana” will be the National Anthem of India and “Vande Maataram” will have equal status with it.

Of course, Vande Mataram does not need any official stamp of being a National Anthem from Government of India so long as it lives in the hearts of millions and millions of Indians all across the globe. (Adapted from an article by Dr N Kamath, with thanks).

As far as the story of film ‘Andolan’ is concerned, this is what its film booklet says-

In the year 1885, Charu Dutt, a worldly-wise patriot, journeys from his little village to attend the first session of the Indian National Congress, held in Bombay. Fired with patriotic zeal, he returns to his village and speaks to his friends and relatives of the new wave that is about to spread over India. To his son he explains the cultural and political past of India, from the dawn of her history upto the turbulence of 1857. The years roll on, and we come to the partition of Bengal. There is thunder in the air, and India’s inspiring song, “Vande Maataram”, is born. The struggle gathers strength. Mahatma Gandhi appears, and freedom comes closer. 1920. . . 1921. . . Simon Commission, Bardoli, Dandi, 1930. . . 1932. . . the battle rages and the drama heightens. Then, August 1942 and Quit India, and on to the final chapter in our freedom story, which unfolds in this film as the story of a single family, representing the nation of which they are the heart-beats.

According to a Review of this film, published in those days-

The true patriot that he was, Pannalal Ghosh gave stirring compositions and flute playback for the memorable film ‘Andolan’. This film starred Shivraj, Kishore Kumar, Manju, Pushpa, Sushma, Parsuram, and Tiwari and was directed by Phani Majumdar for Motwane Ltd.

The film, made at Bombay Talkies, was produced by the distributors of the Chicago Radio PA systems. Kishore Kumar plays the role of the militant hero of this quasi-documentary. It is a stridently nationalistic story of India’s freedom struggle, presented through the expressions of a Bengali family from 1885 (when the Indian National Congress was established) to 1947. It has the actual footage of India’s freedom struggle. Speeches and talks of our national leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and many others are included in the narrative of this film.

Important events incorporated into the plot were Mahatma Gandhi’s Satyagrah (1920), the Simon Commission (1928), Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel’s Bardoli Satyagrah (1928) and the 1942 Quit India agitation. Old documentary footage purchased from Kohinoor and Krishna Films, as well as a shot of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore singing Jana Gana Mana are included. The song “Vande Maataram” rendered by Parul Ghosh, Sudha, and Manna Dey is based on Raaga Miyan Malhar. “Prabhu Charanon Main Aaya Pujari” in Raaga ‘Shree’ and “Radha Ne Kiya”, both rendered by Parul Ghosh are appreciated by music lovers. “Subah Ki Pahili Kiran Tak Zindagi Mushkil Mein Hai” rendered by Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey and others is a unique experimentation in Bhor music.

The film was directed by Phani Mujumdar (28-12-1911 to 16-5-1994), who was already a seasoned Director. He is the only Director who directed films in 9 languages (Hindi, Bangla, English, Malay, Chinese, Magadhi, Maithili, Aasamese and Punjabi). He started his career assisting PC Barua in Calcutta. Besides ‘Street Singer’ (1938) and ‘Kapaal Kundala’ (1939), he had directed a total of 29 films,which include several hit films like ‘Baadbaan’, ‘Doctor’, ‘Tamanna’, ‘Door Chalen’, ‘Faraar’, ‘Aarti’, ‘Kanyadan’, ‘Akashdeep’, ‘Oonche Log’ etc. Here is a short biosketch and an obitury on him, published in The Independent, Calcutta, on 22-6-1994, and is written by the famous film historian and author of ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’ – Ashish Rajadhyaksha.

PHANI MAJUMDAR was a pioneer of Indian cinema, working in the late 1930s with PC Barua, India’s equivalent of DW Griffith, in the famous New Theatres Studio of Calcutta. Here, between 1936 and 1939, new standards were set for Indian motion pictures in a series of reflective, lyrical films that brought cinema closer to life and literature.

Majumdar’s contribution was ‘Street Singer’ (1938), a melancholy love story, his debut and a classic of Indian cinema. Its male lead, Kundan Lal Saigal, sang his immortal song ‘Babul Mora’ here, on a charged symbolic landscape of boats adrift in the mist. The Famine of 1943 and Partition of India were events of the future yet much of the symbolism of Bengal, the redolent Tagorean motifs of life-giving rivers, the feudal elite recreating the 19th century in desolate mansions – all the stuff that Satyajit Ray later spoke of as ‘the past’ – was in place with Street Singer. It was watched, not just as a love story par excellence, but as an expression of themes of Indian identity and nationalism which would be relevant for India, and Majumdar, even beyond Independence.

Majumdar was born in Faridpur, in what is now Bangladesh, in 1911. From Calcutta he moved to Bombay in 1941, directing classic musicals which often promoted traditional ways of Indian life, with stars like Suraiya in ‘Tamanna’ (1942), Shanta Apte in ‘Mohabbat’ (1943), and the blind singer KC Dey.

Majumdar’s Andolan (1951), Indian cinema’s most elaborately constructed nationalist propaganda feature, was made to promote Nehru’s Congress Party and was the closest that India ever came, on film, to defining a popular culture of nationalism: a small family in Bengal experiences in microcosm the major political events in the country, from 1885 (when the Congress Party was established) to Independence.

Majumdar returned to India from working in Singapore in the 1960s, and proceeded to make films in Punjabi, and even in obscure languages like Magadhi (‘Bhaiya’, 1961) and Maithili (‘Kanyadaan’, 1965). His interest in themes of an intrinsically Indian nature was a driving force to the end of his career. He worked on the television phenomenon of the 1980s in India, the 78-part religious epic ‘The Ramayana’, and was working on a television series ‘Our India’ when he died. No doubt, had he lived, the ‘Our India’ series, on a state television network struggling to hold its own in competition with satellite, would have been the fitting finale to a career which started with ‘Street Singer’.

The film had a cast consisting of Kishore kumar, Shivraj, Manju, Parshuram, Tiwari, Krishnakant, Sachin Shankar, Pushpa, Gauri devi etc etc. The recording of the songs of this film were done in November 1949 to August 1950 itself. Actor Krishnakant aka K.K. who acted in this film, did the role of Rehmu (Rehman) – a 20 year old young man. By the end of the film, he becomes an 85 year old Rehmu Chacha. He has written about this film in his Gujarati autobiography, ‘Guzra hua zamana’, that he had to do the make up differently for every shot of his role – from young to old. His make up man was Dada Paranjape, who had worked in Prabhat and Rajkamal with V Shantaram. The shooting of the film was done in Bhopal and nearby areas. All the actors and crew had to stay in Military Barracks and had to report at 7 am for shootings. The season was winter and the cold of Bhopal was unbearable. Constant tea/coffee supply was arranged.

For lack of any big stars and actors, distributors were wary of taking the film. A grand premiere was arranged, attended by Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Meena kumari, Madhubala, Geeta Bali and others. However, the film did not do big business. Probably, the documentary type presentation was not impressive enough.

The film has 6 songs. Today’s song is the second song to be posted here. The first song was discussed few years ago. On this auspicious occasion of our Republic Day, let us listen to “Vande Maataram”, sung by Parul Ghosh, Sudha Malhotra, Manna Dey, Sailesh Kumar and Chorus.


Song- Vande Maataram (Aandolan)(1951) Singers- Parul Ghosh, Sudha Malhotra, Manna Dey, Sailesh Kumar, Lyrics-Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, MD- Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

vande maataram
vande maataram

vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

shubhrajyotsna pulakit yaaminim
phulla kusumita drumadal shobhinim
shubhrajyotsna pulakit yaaminim
phulla kusumita drumadal shobhinim
suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
sukhadaam varadaam maataram
maataram
suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
sukhadaam varadaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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