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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1950’ Category


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Blog Day : 4100 Post No. : 15247

“Raaj Mukut”(1950) was directed by Nanubhai Vakil for Mohan Pictures, Bombay. This Costume drama movie had Nimmi, Veena, Jairaj, Ram Singh, Sapru, Mishra, Gulab, Ramesh sinha, Ramesh Thakur, Jankidas, Baby Tabassum etc in it.

This movie had eleven songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past.

The story of the movie, as goven by our beloved inhouse encyclopaedia Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh is as follows:

Film Raaj Mukut-50 story was about a Prince who is more interested in doing social service for the poor and down trodden ( and a love affair with the Village Mukhiya’s daughter) than getting crowned legitimately. So he disappears and goes to a village, to do what he always wanted to do, but could not do so far.

He learns that his younger brother, crowned after the deliberate false rumour of the prince- was perpetrating tyranny on kingdom’s people and also arrested his own parents and jailed them. His blood boils and he enters the capital incognito, along with his girlfriend and others. There is a fighting and the younger brother is killed. The King and Queen are released. The prince becomes the King and his girlfriend becomes his Queen. Clap, Clap !

On this occasion, here is a rare song from “Raaj Mukut”(1950). HFGK mentions this song as sung by Shamshad Begam. On listning to the song, we can detect an uncredited male voice as well. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify this voice.

Bharat Vyas is the lyricist of this light hearted song. Pt Govindram is the music director.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this fun song. The song appears to be a dance song or a roadside tamasha kind of a song to me.

Today 9 october 2019 happens to be the 4100th day for the blog. A century of a different kind for the blog.

This rare song was uploaded by our own Gajendra Khanna. What a delightful song it is ! Fit to be covered on the special occasion viz 4100th day of the blog.


Song-O paltan waale jamaadaar jee (Raaj Mukut)(1950) Singers-Shamshad Begam, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Pt Govindram

Lyrics

o o
o paltan waale jamaadaar jee ee
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein

o o
o vardiwaale jamaadaar jee ee
oy jamaadaar jee
jamaadaar jee
hoye
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein

chham chham chham chham chham chham baaje
paayal ki jhankaar
aaha paayal ki jhankaar
chham chham chham chham chham chham baaje
paayal ki jhankaar
mere roop ke aage uthhe na
dushman ki talwaar
mere roop ke aage uthhe na
dushman ki talwaar
badon badon ko bech aaun main
jaake beech baazaar sipahiya
jaake beech baazaar
ham sa milega kaun sipaahi tujhe zamaane mein
oy ham sa milega kaun sipaahi tujhe zamaane mein
hoy jamaadaar jee
hoy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein
hoy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein

mohe sipahiya de de naukri
o tohe joru mil jaaye gori gori
oy gori gori
mohe sipahiya de de naukri
o tohe joru mil jaaye gori gori
tu jaana us’se milne
raaton ko chori chori
tu jaana us’se milne
raaton ko chori chori
main doongi tera pahra
main doongi tera pahra
kamariya mein baandh ke talwaar
kamariya mein baandh ke talwaar
le baandh le talwaar
le baandh le talwaar
o gori baandh le talwaar

baandh ke talwaar main jaaun shahar ke thaane mein
baandh ke talwaar main jaaun shahar ke thaane mein
oy shahar ke thaane mein
hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein
hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein

o o
o paltan waale jamaadaar jee ee
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein
oy hamen bhi bharti kar le apne topekhaane mein

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Blog Day : 4053 Post No. : 15182

“Dolti Naiyya”(1950) was directed by Mirza Musharraf for Shaan e Hind pictures, Bombay. This social movie had Nigar Sultana, Sham Dulaari, Amarnath, S Mazhar, Cuckkoo, Veena Kohli, Sabodhani, Pratima Malhotra, Laxmi, Sikandar, Sharief Mirza, Jleel A, Bhudo adwani, Mukri, Ameer Ali, Munshi Munaqqa, Mirza Musharraf etc in it.

“Dolti Naiyya”(1950) had ten songs in it that were penned by eight lyricists.

One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Dolti Naiyya”(1950) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt (then Roy). Prakash B A is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ram Prasad.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of this song. It sounds like a club dance song to me.


Song-Zara dil ko lagaana sambhaal ke (Dolti Naiyya)(1950) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Prakash B A, MD-Ramprasad

Lyrics

zara dil ko
haan zara dil ko lagaana sambhaal ke re ae
koi dilbar banaana banaana
ho koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke
ho dekh bhaal ke
dil ki keemat hai dil
de ke dil
dil se mil
rakh le haathon pe dil ko nikaal ke
ho o o
rakh le haathon pe dil ko nikaal ke
koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke
ho dekh bhaal ke

dil hai bhola naadaan nahin
isko pahchaan tu
bikta hai muft bina maal ke
dil hai bhola naadaan nahin
isko pahchaan tu
bikta hai muft bina maal ke
ho o bina maal ke
haan bina maal ke
ho o o
koi dilbar banaana banaana
ho koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke
ho dekh bhaal ke

dil ko
ho dil ka jaadu balam
o bole meethhi sargam
ho bole meethhi sargam
gamapadha
pa ga ma
dha ni sa ri ni sa
ni dha pa ma dha ni pa

rakh de saath mein duniya ko dhaal ke
o o o
rakhde saath mein duniya ko dhaal ke
koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke
ho dekh bhaal ke
zara dil ko lagaana sambhaal ke re ae
koi dilbar banaana banaana
ho koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke
ho dekh bhaal ke
zara dil ko lagaana sambhaal ke re ae
koi dilbar banaana banaana
ho koi dilbar banaana dekh bhaal ke


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4052 Post No. : 15181

“Guru Dakshina”(1950) was produced by Rajasthan Studios, Bombay. This is all the detail that is mentioned about this movie in HFGK.

According to HFGK, the movie had at least eight songs in it, and perhaps more. One song from the movie has been covered in the psst.

Here is the second song from the movie. According to HFGK, it is sung by Prempal. Music is composed by Pt Lachchiram. Mr Deepak, a visitor of this blog and a record collector has mentioned Gulab, Prempal and Krishna Rane as the actors in this movie in a comment in YT. He also mentions Saarshaar Saliaani as the lyricist.

I thought that Prempal must be a male actor. But on listening to this song, it appears that Prempal was a lady. And going by the star cast mentioned by Mr Deepak, this song was picturised on Prempal herself.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on this singer, who makes her debut in the blog with this song.


Song-Bedard zamaana kya jaane kyun dard ke maare rote hain (Guru Dakshina)(1950) Singer-Prempal, Lyrics-Sarshar Sailaani, MD-Pt Lachchiram

Lyrics

bedard zamaana kya jaane
kyun dard ke maare rote hain
wo paas thhe lekin door huye
wo paas thhe lekin door huye
aashaaon ke darpan choor huye
ab hook jigar mein uthhti hai
aur nain humaare rote hain
bedard zamaana kya jaane
kyun dard ke maare rote hain

manjhdhaar khiwaiyya chhod gaya
jeevan ka sahaara tod gaya
jeevan ka sahaara tod gaya
ummeed ki naiya doob gayi
hum baithh kinaare rote hain
bedard zamaana kya jaane
kyun dard ke maare rote hain
bedard zamaana kya jaane
kyun dard ke maare rote hain


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4051 Post No. : 15180

Today’s song is from film Raj Mukut-50.

From the title itself one would know what type of film this could be. In our childhood we were fond of, first listening and then reading stories of Raja-Rani. As we grow older, this liking seems to have ended,but it is not so, in reality. Every adult has a child in him and the love for the Raja Rani stories is hiding behind the facade of other serious life matters of the adult age.

Precisely, this liking was identified by B and C grade action and costume filmmakers and films on Kings, Queens, the evil Vazier or the Army Chief, plus or minus the evil Magician were made. From the point of business, it was wise to make such films, because its Producers never suffered loss, where as failure of an A grade film invariably ruined the producer.

The simple reason was, the production cost, distribution cost, actors’ payments etc were very low and the income was very good. May be that was the reason, that even the big banners also sometimes or the other had made costume films about Kings and Queens etc.

Going by the film title list made by Hamraz ji, I found at least 43 films starting with Raaj – like Raaj Mukut, Raaj Tarang, Raaj Ratan, Raaj Nandini etc etc. There were 32 films having titles starting with Raja, like Raja Gopichand, Raja Harishchandra, Raja Vikram etc etc. Movie titles with Rani prefix were just 11 (Gender Bias ?).

Coming to the story of Raaj Mukut-50, it is no different than hundreds of its ilk. I wonder why are there story shortages in films ? Why do films have similar stories ? In the 40’s decade ,Master Bhagwan used just one story to make 11 action films. In later times, it was Nasir Hussain, who – starting with Tumsa Nahin Dekha-57 – used only one skeleton story for most of his films and what’s more surprising is that his most film were Hits.

While thinking about it, I found that, in 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories”, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having 728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are
1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy “.

After this book was published, there was a chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied to all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above points.

If we take a look at the cast of the film Raaj Mukut-50, we find some heavyweights like Veena, Jairaj, Nimmi, Sapru, Gulab, Janakidas, Baby Tabassum etc. The decade of the 50s started with the decline of old stalwarts of 30s and 40s, because of the rise of new generation of actors, actresses, directors, MDs and almost all departments of film making. Nimmi was a ‘ Black Sheep’ in this cast because she was from the newer generation rising star.May be she did this film to get well entrenched in the film industry. Moreover the banner was good and the other actors were well known too. Director Nanubhai Vakil was an expert veteran in costume and action film direction. The music was given by Gobindram, a respected name in the musical circles.

Baby Tabassum had debuted with film Nargis-46 ( released in 47). Tabassum – real name Kiran Bala Sachdev was born in 1944 in Mumbai to Ayodhyanath Sachdev, an Indian freedom fighter, and Asghari Begum, freedom fighter, journalist and an author. Her father named her Tabassum, keeping her mother’s religious sentiments in mind, while her mother kept her name Kiran Bala, keeping her father’s religious sentiments in mind. Her official name as per pre-marriage documents was Kiran Bala Sachdev.

Tabassum made her film debut as a child actor with Nargis (1947) followed by Mera Suhaag (1947), Manjhdhar (1947) and Bari Behen (1949). Later in Deedar (1951), directed by Nitin Bose, she played the childhood role of Nargis; the hit song Bachpan Ke Din Bhula Na Dena sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum was picturised on her. Also, in the next year, she appeared in another important film Baiju Bawra (1952) directed by Vijay Bhatt, where she appeared in the childhood role of Meena Kumari. After a gap, she reentered films in adult roles, working as a character actress.

She hosted the first talk show of Indian television, Phool Khile Hain Gulshan Gulshan, which ran for 21 years from 1972 to 1993. Produced by Doordarshan Kendra Mumbai, it was based on interviews of film celebrities and became immensely popular. This also led to a career as stage compere. She was also the editor of Grihalaxmi, a Hindi women’s magazine for 15 years and wrote many joke books.

In 1985, she directed, produced and wrote her first film, Tum Par Hum Qurban. In 2006, she returned to television, as an actress in Pyaar Ke Do Naam: Ek Raadha, Ek Shyaam, produced by Rajshri Productions. She became a judge in a reality stand-up comedy show Ladies Special (2009) on Zee TV.

She continued to work as an interviewer for television and is currently doing a TV show on TV Asia USA and Canada titled Abhi Toh Main Jawaan Hoon based on the Golden Era of Hindi Cinema. Currently, she has launched her own channel on YouTube, titled “Tabassum Talkies” which consists of nostalgic talks, interviews of celebrities, shayaris, jokes and more.

She is married to Vijay Govil, elder brother of TV actor Arun Govil. Their son Hoshang Govil had brief career as a lead in three films Tum Par Hum Qurbaan (1985), which was produced and directed by Tabassum in which she introduced Johnny Lever for the first time on screen as a comedian. Kartoot (1987) and Ajeeb Dastaan Hai Yeah (1996) produced by Zee TV and directed by J Om Prakash (grandfather of Hritik Roshan). In 2009, her granddaughter Khushi (daughter of Hoshang) made her film debut with Hum Phir Mile Na Mile. ( courtesy- Wikipedia).

Tabassum is an actress of a kind who was an All rounder-not in body shape-(that she is in now!), who is the only one having succeeded in 5 different mediums of entertainment. Films,TV,Radio,Print Media and Stage. Here is a small note about her,as it appears on her Facebook page-

“Tabassum ,during her years as child star ,was dubbed by her fans ,the movie -industry and the media as “THE SHIRLY TEMPLE OF INDIA”.

FILMS

She made her debut at the age of two and half years, in 1946, in her first film –Famous Pictures “Nargis’.This film was produced by Baburao Pai ,directed by D.D.Kashyap ….“Nargis” starred the legendary Nargisji herself with Rehman ,Shahnawaz ,Alka ,Achrekar and BABY TABASSUM.

In a short span of about six years Tabassum chalked up a record of child artist roles in more than thirty films ,and she’s working in films even today with a total of more than 100 films to her credit.

TELEVISION

Tabassum was the first to start the movie- oriented T.V. series on Doordarshan (India’s Government owned Television channel) which started on October 2nd, 1972. On October 8th 1972 , she launched her famous series of film-personality interviews. The first person to be interviewed in these series , titled “PHOOL KHILE HAIN GULSHAN GULSHAN” was a veteran music director Naushad.

This programme ran continuously on Doordarshan for 21 years ..

Various cultural organizations ,audiences ,and the media in general even the then INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING MINISTER Mr. V.P.Sathe have dubbed Tabassum as THE T.V. QUEEN OF INDIA .

RADIO

Tabassum started on radio in 1946 with children programmes and did many other programmes regularly on All India Radio.
For 15 years from 1970 to 1985 Tabassum ran a regular radio programme of jokes on the commercial services of Radio Ceylon.The same programme was later switched also to Vividh Bharti where continued for many years. She is still doing programmes regularly on Vividh Bharti.

She was conferred the award of “JOKES QUEEN OF INDIA”.

AUTHORSHIP AND JOURNALISM

Tabassum has been writing Urdu poetry , jokes ,short stories since her childhood which were being regularly published in Urdu and Hindi magazines ,newspapers ,etc.

During her more than sixty four years long career in show business ,Tabassum has also written seven books of Jokes ,Poetry ,and Urdu shayris ,the first of which was published at the age of 17 years when she had just passed her matriculation examination. She did her B.A. in Urdu from Aligarh University.

For the past many years Tabassum has fitted also journalism into her over crowded schedule when she took over as editor of the large circulation of a Woman’s magazine GRIHA LAKSHMI which is published monthly from New Delhi since last 17 years.

STAGE

As Baby Tabassum , Filmland’s original child-star the Shirley Temple of India ,began to appear on stage shows since the tender age of three to four years.Over three decades ago she launched her own stage show unit named “TABASSUM HIT PARADE’.This stage entertainment unit has over the past three decades performed variety entertainment shows all over India and in almost every country of the world from U.S.A.and Canada to the United Kingdom and Europe ,the Middle east and Gulf countries to South-east Asia ,Singapore and the far east in Hong Kong ,China ,Taiwan and Japan.

Now she is busy in promoting a stage programme titled “Tabassum Bhajan Sandhya” in India and abroad as spiritual entertainment.

On May 8th 1995 various well known cultural organizations of India celebrated TABASSUM’S HALF CENTURY IN FILM INDUSTRY AND SHOW BUSINESS AND WAS LARGELY ATTENDED BY FILM AND OWN MEDIA PERSONALITIES INCLUDING THE PRESS. ”

Film Raaj Mukut-50 story was about a Prince who is more interested in doing social service for the poor and down trodden ( and a love affair with the Village Mukhiya’s daughter) than getting crowned legitimately. So he disappears and goes to a village, to do what he always wanted to do, but could not do so far.

He learns that his younger brother, crowned after the deliberate false rumour of the prince- was perpetrating tyranny on kingdom’s people and also arrested his own parents and jailed them. His blood boils and he enters the capital incognito, along with his girlfriend and others. There is a fighting and the younger brother is killed. The King and Queen are released. The prince becomes the King and his girlfriend becomes his Queen. Clap, Clap !

The film had 11 songs. 4 songs are already discussed. Today’s song is the 5th song. It is sung by Shamshad Begum, Amirbai, Rafi and another unknown male voice. Incidentally, Gobind Ram had a special affinity for Shamshad Begum. He gave music to 32 films and composed 302 songs. Out of these, he composed as many as 86 songs in 19 films for Shamshad Begum. I believe, he may be the music director who has most songs for Shamshad Begum- atleast percentage wise (28.4 %).


Song- Dil hai lagane ke liye (Raj Mukut)(1950) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Shamshad Begam, Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD- Pt Gobind Ram
Amirbai Karnataki + Shamshad Begam
Rafi + Unknown male voice

Lyrics

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
aji chaar dinon ka khel
chaar dinon ki hai ye jawaani
chaar dinon ka khel
khatkhat karti chali jaa rahi
jeewan ki ye rail
suno jee
jeewan ki ye rail
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
haan
mauj manaa lo phir nahin kehna
dil ki baaten dil mein rahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
haan aan aan aan
haan aan
jaante hain haal hum
majnu dil e barbaad ka
aur ishq mein anjaam dekho
kya hua farhaad ka

aur ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin
hoy ye barbaadi ka rasta hai
is par chalna nahin nahin

is dil ko lagaa lo yahin kahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin

honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
aeji soorat dil mein basi huyi
honthon par hai naam tumhaara
soorat dil mein basi huyi
tum chaaho na chaaho
ham hain prem jaal mein phansi huyi
ham prem jaal mein phansi huyi
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
haay
duniya mein badnaam huyi hain
kya kya baaten hamne sahin
is dil ko laga lo yahin kahin

nahin nahin jee nahin nahin
nahin nahin jee nahin nahin

dil hai lagaane ke liye
ise laga lo yahin kahin
aji ise laga lo yahin kahin


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4033 Post No. : 15155

Today’s song is from film Shri Ganesh Mahima aka Shri Krishna Vivah-1950.

Mythological films have been my weakness from the beginning. When I was around 10-12 years of age, I would be a very happy, willing and enthusiastic escort to family elders-especially ladies, going for a Bhakti Pradhan film. What I liked in these films was the trick scenes and fantastic costumes. later on I realised these films also provided lot of religious knowledge in the formative years.

Most mythological films were based on stories from Ramayan and Mahabharat. But many films were also using stories from various Puranas like Shiv Puran, Vishnu Puran etc. There was no dearth of such stories, what with 18 Puranas and 2 Epic books. Stories of Puranas etc have some hidden meanings, which one has to look for. Few years ago,in one of my posts, I had explained how the Dashavatars of Lord Vishnu were actually the story of evaluation of Life on Earth. The first avtar of Matsya( the fish) explains us how life on earth began in water.The second avtar of Koorma (the Tortoise) told us the development of Amphibians who started living on land and water. So on and so forth

In Tretayug, Shri Ram came and in Dwapar Yug, Shri Krishna was incarnated by Lord Vishnu. Shri Ram gave a lesson on how to be an ideal son, husband, friend and a King, but Krishna taught us how to be a street smart person and win over enemies skillfully. I feel in today’s times, Krishna is more relevant than Ram. Krishna also taught us how to be a happy person and enjoy everything.

Like religious stories , there is no shortage of Gods also, in our Religion. This is actually one of the plus points of Hinduism. Each community can and will have its own version of God. Many Gods, but basics are never compromised. Everyone knows there is only ONE GOD, having a different version to suit the worshipper. Examples are, Fishermen have God in the matters related to Sea and Tribals in forests worship Gods made of Wood. We all know that these are all symbols and God lives in our Hearts.

One can find stories of most popular Gods like Ram,Krishna, Ganesh, Hanuman, Shiv ji, Vishnu etc, but somehow the film world has ignored Bramha, Saraswati, Shani deo, Surya dev, Kartikeya etc. These are the Gods for whom even temples are few. Kartikeya (elder son of Shankar-Parvati) is worshipped in south as Kumara swami. These Gods do appear in some films for few minutes, but exclusive films on them are missing. Now that Mythology is present only on TV, such films have become rare these days.

Our Indian film makers will never fall short of subjects for their films. They can combine any stories and make a Hybrid film- like for example, Sindbad,Alibaba and Alladin-1965. They can give families and children to famous characters like Zimbo ka Beta, Alladin ki Beti etc. The worst molestation has been done to the famous character of Tarzan. He is combined with, Capt. Kishore, Delialah, King kong, Circus, Cobra, Gorilla, Hercules, Jadugar, jadui Chirag, Jalpari and a Fairy. Tarzan is provided with a Mehbooba, Beta and Beti. Tarzan has been sent to Delhi, Paristan, Fairyland and even in a wonder car. I feel pity for Edgar Rice Burrows who must tired of turning in his grave !!!

Film Shri Ganesh Mahima aka Shrikrishna Vivah-50 is also a combination of stories from Ganesh Puran and Bhagwat Puran. In Ganesh Puran, there is a story that once The Moon laughed at Ganesh. Ganesh was angry and he gave a curse to the Moon. Moon came on his knees and then the curse was modified that whosoever sees the Moon on only Ganesh Chaturthi night, will be falsely accused of theft. In our childhood there was a rumour that to ward off the false accusation of theft, if you throw stones on somebody’s house and he abuses you, then the curse disappears. Some naughty boys used to do this and get abuses profusely !

In Bhagwat Puran, the story of Shrikrishna’s marriage to Satyabhama is described. In this film,both these stories are interwoven skilfully. The story of this film, as noted by me in my diary, is thus……

Great and Miraculous powers are attributed to Shri Ganesh the benefactor of mortals as well as the immortals. Such a benign being was once laughed at by Chandra only to be cursed by him. Realising his folly, Chandra begged for forgiveness and the curse was modified by the merciful divinity to be effective only on the day of Ganesh Chaturthi. He ordained that anybody looking at the moon on that night will be a victim of false accusations.

It was on such a day that Shri Krishna unwittingly looked at the moon in the night and had to suffer the indignity of being falsely accused of theft of Syamantak Mani. This jewel was acquired by Satrajit, one of the Yadavas as a boon from God Sun. Shri Krishna had sent Narad to Satrajit expressing his desire to possess the Mani. The events took such a turn that there was circumstantial evidence against Shri Krishna who happened to be at the Chambers of Satrajit’s daughter Satyabhama, devotee of Lord Krishna on the night prior to Satrajits losing the Mani. Shri Krishna was shocked at such allegation made by Satrajit and Shatadhanva ( Another Yadava) who had been promised by Satrajit the hand of his daughter Satyabhama.

Shri Krishna took upon himself to find out the jewel and redeem it to its rightful owner only to clear himself of the allegation. A search party was organised which came across the dead body of Prasain, a carcass of lion and also the foot-prints of a bear blazing a new trail which when followed led the party to a cave. Shri Krishna went inside the cave telling the followers to wait at the cave entrance for seven days and if he did no return by then, to go back to Dwarka. Inside the cave Shri Krishna found the Syamantak Mani and also Jambuwanti, the daughter of the powerful bear king Jambuwant. There ensued a fight between Shri Krishna and Jambuwant lasting for twenty one days. The people at the entrance of the cave returned as per instruction after the seventh day. The duration of this fight gave Shatadhanva a real chance for villainy. He puts in an all over effort to win the hand of Satyabhama who would marry none but Shri Krishna. Jambuwant after losing the battle gave away his daughter in marriage and Syamantak Mani as dowry to Shri Krishna.

Coming to Dwarka, Shri Krishna returned the jewel to its rightful owner, Satrajit repented and made amends by giving away his daughter to Shri Krishna in marriage. Shatadhanva came to know of this alliance and made short work of the unsuspecting Satrajit and decamped with the Mani. Shri Krishna brought justice to the evil doer and the villain Shatadhanva fell a victim to his famous Sudershana Chakra.

The cast of the film was Mahipal, Meena Kumari, S N Tripathi, Moolchand, Dalapat, Amarnath etc. The film was made by Basant Pictures and directed by its owner, Homi Wadia. Music was by S N Tripathi. In the arena of Mythological, Historical and Religious films, from the 40s to the 60s, the names of Mahipal, Trilok kapoor, Manhar Desai, Prem Adib and Shahu Modak were taken frequently. Similarly,Jeevan as Narad was also popular. All the Heros were handsome and they had a sort of special glow on their faces. Each of them had a special style of portraying roles. Prem Adib was famous for his roles of Ram, Shahu Modak excelled as Shrikrishna with his mischievous smile. Trilok Kapoor means Bhagwan Shankar. Manhar Desai and Mahipal did a variety of roles of different Gods. While Manhar Desai was more active on Gujarati screen, Mahipal worked mainly in Hindi films. His repertoire of roles included films of Mythology, History, Costume and Folk Tales.

Mahipalchand Mahadevchand Bhandari was born in Jodhpur, Rajsthan on 24-11-1919. By 1941 he got his B.A. degree and he also started participating in Kavi Sammelans,with his poetry. His break in films came with Nazrana-42. The film was a flop, but he was employed for writing lyrics.

He acted in Ranjit’s Shankar Parvati-43, Andhon ki duniya-43, Rajkamal’s Maali-44, Narsinh Avatar-44, Banwasi-48, Daulat-49, and Bhishma pratidnya-50. Meantime,he wrote songs for films Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Adalat-48. He did few more films with Homi Wadia and then he started his fantasy films with Wadia. For this, he was trained in Fencing and Horse riding. He worked with Shakeela in 18 films-mostly costume films of C grade. He worked with Meenakumari (4 films), Nirupa Roy (4), Shyama (6), Anita Guha (11) etc

In the 50’s decade,which was the peak for Mythological films with 124 films, his 70 films were released.In the 60s,he did 33 films-including Navrang and finally he did 19 films from 71 to 83. He did total 143 films. Mahipal spent his retired life with family and friends. He died on 15-5-2005. ( Bio adapted from ‘Inhe na bhulana’ Gujarati book by Harish Raghuwanshi ji, with thanks)

Today’s song is sung by Geeta Roy. At this time, she was still new and trying to get hold in film industry. You will love the song and her fresh voice.


Video

Song-Taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re (Shree Ganesh Mahima)(1950) Singer- Geeta Roy, Lyrics- Anjum Jaipuri, MD- S N Tripathi
Chorus

Lyrics

taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re
chaaand hamaara re
taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re
chaand hamara re

raaja banke raaj karega
raaja ban ke raaj karega
kundan ban ke damkega
kundan ban ke damkega
laalon ka ye laal hamaara
chanda banke chamkega
chanda banke chamkega
sabki aankhon ka ujiyaara
praan sa pyaara re
chaand hamaara re ae
taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re
chaand hamaara re

ghar aangan mein mera munna
ghar aangan mein mera munna
khelega muskaayega
khelega muskaayega
meethhi meethhi baaton se ye sabka man bharmaayega
sabka man bharmaayega
aashaaon ka deepak hai ye
aankhon ka taara re
chaand hamaara re ae
taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re
chaand hamaara re

taaron ke palne mein jhoole chaand hamaara re
chaand hamaara re


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3830 Post No. : 14837

Mohammed Rafi – Duets – ‘अ’  से  ‘ह’ तक  (From ‘अ’ to ‘ह’) – 31
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

‘व’ – वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये ॰ ॰ ॰

– – – –

याद ना जाये, बीते दिनों की. . .

So difficult it is to forget, the days that have gone by. Yes, you voice remains with us to be heard, just as a consolation.

– – – –

In a departure from the pattern in this series so far, today I am presenting an all male duet. As I was searching for a song starting with ‘व’, I came across this very interesting song from the 1950 film ‘Shaadi Ki Raat’. This one is a male-male duet in which Rafi Sb’s voice is accompanied by that of Raja Gul. And this made me think. I checked back on the songs posted so far in this series, only to find that I have only been posting male-female duets. Then, as I scanned the list of songs, I came across so many male-male duets. And I was asking myself – does that mean another series? I don’t know. Let’s wait and see.

This film has 12 songs listed as per HFGK, eight of which are penned by Sarshaar Sailaani, with other songwriters identified as Firoz, Surjeet and Nazim Panipati having contributed one song each. One song is unattributed as far as songwriter is concerned. Music is by Pt Gobind Ram. Two songs of this film are already showcased on our blog. Today’s song is from the pen of Sarshaar Sailaani.

The film is a social drama produced under the banner of Prakash Pictures and is directed by Yashwant Pethkar. List of actors is given as Geeta Bali, Rehman, Vijaylakshmi, Leela Mishra, Jankidas, Ansari, Shanta Kunwar, Baby Durga, Anwari Bai, and Arun. Given this list of actors, it may be surmised that this song would have been picturized on Rehman and another male actor. Names that figure are Jankidas, Ansari (could that be NA Ansari??), and Arun (possibly Arun Ahuja??), but I am not ready to hazard a guess. I would request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please add more information about this song and the film, if available.

The song tells of a young heart, that has recently been stolen by a femme fatale. The pilferage seemed to have happened in a jiffy, and the aggrieved party, whose heart is stolen, was just left surprised. A fun song in which one friend is describing this episode to another, and the other also joins in and tries to give some worldly advise. But alas, the laments of woe do not cease as the robbed victim continues to bemoan

wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
reh gaye hum yahan haath malte huye

Song – Wo To Chutki Mein Dil Le Ke Chalte Huye  (Shaadi Ki Raat) (1950) Singer – Mohammed Rafi, Raja Gul, Lyrics – Sarshaar Sailaani, MD – Pt Gobind Ram
Mohammed Rafi + Raja Gul

Lyrics 

wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye

wo to chutki..ee mein dil le ke
chalte huye..ae
aur reh gaye hum yahaan
reh gaye
hum yahan
haath malte huye
haath malte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye

wo hamen
aur hum
un ko takte rahe
aankh milti rahi dil dhadakte rahe
aankh milti rahi dil dhadakte rahe
aur paanv sambhale na
paa..aanv
sambhale na zaalim phisalte huye
haan phisalte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye

ik balaa ho gai
dillagi aap ki
aur baaz aaya main
tauba
tauba mere baap ki..ee..ee
aur raat kat’ti hai
kat’ti hai naa
arey par kaise
kaise
raat kat’ti hai karwat badalte huye
haan badalte huye
raat kat’ti hai karwat badalte huye..ae..ae
haaye raat kat’ti hai karwat badalte huye
lekin wo to
o wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye

dekho bhai
jaate jaate
mohabbat ka rang jaayega
aate aate
tabiyat ko chain aayega
aur bhai der lagti hai
haan
der lagti hai dil ko sambhalte huye
haan sambhalte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye

haa..aaye
kyon kya hua
haa..aan
ishq ne jis musibat mein daala hamen
us musibat se padta na paala hamen
arre bhai soch lete
kya soch lete
soch lete jo ghar se nikalte huye
haan nikalte huye
soch lete jo ghar se nikalte huye
haan nikalte huye
wo to chutki mein dil le ke chalte huye
haaye chalte huye. . .

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये

वो तो चुटकी॰॰ई में दिल लेके
चलते हुये॰॰ए
और रह गए हम यहाँ
रह गए
हम यहाँ
हाथ मलते हुये
हाथ मलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये

वो हमें
और हम
उनको ताकते रहे
आँख मिलती रही दिल धड़कते रहे
आँख मिलती रही दिल धड़कते रहे
और पाँव संभले ना
पा॰॰आँव
संभले ना
ज़ालिम फिसलते हुये
हाँ फिसलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये

इक बला हो गई
दिल्लगी आपकी
और बाज़ आया मैं
तौबा
तौबा मेरे बाप की॰॰ई॰॰ई
और रात कटती है
कटती है ना
अरे पर कैसे
कैसे
रात कटती है करवट बदलते हुये
हाँ बदलते हुये
लेकिन वो तो
ओ वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये

देखो भाई
जाते जाते
मोहब्बत का रंग जाएगा
आते आते
तबीयत को चैन आएगा
और भाई देर लगती है
हाँ
देर लगती है दिल को संभलते हुये
हाँ संभलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये

हाए॰॰
क्यों क्या हुआ
हाँ॰॰
इश्क़ ने जिस मुसीबत में डाला हमें
उस मुसीबत से पड़ता ना पाला हमें
अरे भाई सोच लेते
क्या सोच लेते
सोच लेते जो घर से निकलते हुये
हाँ निकलते हुये
सोच लेते जो घर से निकलते हुये
हाँ निकलते हुये
वो तो चुटकी में दिल लेके चलते हुये
हाए चलते हुये॰ ॰


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3822 Post No. : 14821

Today’s song is from film Wafa-50. The film was made by Good luck Pictures and directed by the veteran expert J.P. Advani. For this film, there were two Music Directors- Vinod and Bulo C Rani. For 11 songs, there were 4 Lyricists. Today’s song is written by Aziz Kashmiri, sung by Shamshad Begum and composed by Vinod. The cast of the film was Karan Dewan, Nimmi, Bipin Gupta, Shyama, Bimla, Anwari, Gope, Yaqub, Cuckoo etc etc. One of the most often seen in films of the 50s but least written about artiste was Bipin Gupta.

Bipin Gupta was born in a Bengali family on 27th August 1905 in Meerut, the 5th child of his parents- Trailokya Nath Gupta and Khemankari Devi.They later moved to Barrackpore. He attended the Chinsura Training School and the Barrackpore Government High School. He was married to Annapurna Devi.

Gupta’s first Bengali film was Chokher Bali directed by Sotu Sen in 1938. Throughout his career he had worked on almost 300 films ( Bangla and Hindi), though only played the hero once, in the film Noori-1934. It was produced by Durga International Films, Calcutta. His Heroine was Sheela Devi. It was a flop movie.

He started working in Radio in 1934 and by 1936 he became a professional stage artist. He stayed for 30 years in Bombay to establish himself in Bollywood. His first film Shri Ramanuj came in 1943 at Calcutta. His last film was in 1979 at Bombay.

In 1964 he produced the film Daal Me Kala, directed by Satyen Bose and starring Nimmi, Kishore Kumar and Abhi Bhattacharya.The film took almost 4 years to make. Bipin Gupta worked in 128 Hindi films. He did 60 films in a period of 10 years-between 1950 and 1960, which is a very high average of one film every 2 months for 10 years !

He generally did the roles of Zamindar, teacher, father, Grandfather etc. All character roles. His voice was very good. Once, in Madras,while shooting for film “Teen Bahuraniya” at Gemini Studios, Prithviraj Kapoor lost his voice, for some time. Bipin Gupta dubbed all his film dialogues.

He died on 8th September 1981 in Calcutta. His son married Kajri- the daughter of Sailesh Mukherjee, actor,singer and composer. She too was an actress.

In Hindi films, for the first 10-15 years of the Talkie era, there were no separate dancers. The Heroines were expected to sing as well as dance, if need be. Somehow, dance was not an essential part of cinema ( except Mythological to some extent), till Azuri and Cuckoo came on the Horizon. It was almost from the mid 40s, the dancers became prominent and dance sequence became a Must in all films.Even in social films, the dance situations were created to include a dance. In crime stories, a Moll was usually a dancer. Azuri was perhaps the lone exclusive female dancer in films of the late 30s. By mid 40s, came Cuckoo and by mid 50s, it was Helen all the way for the next 20 years or so.

Cuckoo Moray, (4th February 1928 – 30th September 1981) was an Anglo-Indian dancer and actress. Cuckoo was the queen of film dancing in Hindi cinema of the 1940s and 1950s. Though unfamiliar in name, she was known as the “rubber girl” of Hindi cinema and her talent made cabaret dancing a must in the Bollywood films during the 1940s and 1950s. She could acrobatically bend her body at great length.

Cuckoo started appearing in films from mid forties. She was seen as a background dancer in film Meghdoot-45. Cuckoo made her screen debut in the film Arab Ka Sitara in 1946. Soon after, in Sona Chandi-46, directors and greater audiences noticed her dancing abilities for the first time. One of her dances in film Parwana-47 with suggestive lyrics to the song was considered vulgar enough to get banned from the film. Then, the turning point in Cuckoo’s career was in Mehboob Khan’s films. Her dance number in his film Anokhi Ada (1948) established her as the lead dancer of the era and in Andaz(1949), a romantic drama starring Nargis, Dilip Kumar, and Raj Kapoor, gave the dancer an opportunity to display her acting skills. In Mehboob Khan’s 1952 technicolor film Aan, which was her first colour film, she had a brief cameo in a dance sequence. She only appeared in 2 colour films in her career- Aan & Mayurpankh. She would charge Rs 6,000 for a dance number, an enviable fee in the 50s.

Usually she is credited with bringing into films 2 Anglo Indian brothers Tony (Krishna kumar) and Robert (Surya kumar). However, Azuri later claimed that it was she who brought them into films from an orphanage and trained them. Dancers first, both became Choreographers of repute later.

Cuckoo remained the best dancer in Hindi films until dancers such as Helen and Vyjayanthimala came into the industry. Cuckoo was a family friend of the Anglo-Burmese dancer and actress Helen. She was also known for helping unknown actors get their break in Bollywood, such as Pran in Ziddi. Cuckoo had introduced a 13-year-old Helen into films as a chorus dancer in films such as Shabistan and Awaara (both 1951). Cuckoo and Helen most notably appeared in song and dance sequences together, such as in Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi(1958) and Yahudi (1958). Her last film appearance was in Mujhe Jeene Do in 1963 after which, she had disappeared from the film industry. She was a Heroine in film Sona Chandi-46, under the name Kishori, but due to her faulty Hindi and pronunciation, she could not continue as a Heroine. She appeared in 155 films and and 67 songs were shot on her.

Cuckoo, the legendary cabaret queen of the Bollywood was one of those film stars who lived ostentatiously, spent extravagantly and died broke and penniless. Her three cars (one for her use, one for taking her dogs for a drive, and the other often used to summon protégée Helen to play with her sister), her flats and whatever jewellery she had, were all taken away because the dancer had evaded income tax. She would charge Rs 6,000 for a dance number, an enviable fee in the ’50s. Cuckoo died of cancer at the age of 52; during her last days she could barely afford to buy painkillers. “She never thought of security, of tomorrow,” Helen recalls. “But what a tremendous lady she was! There wasn’t even a tear in her eye, even when the roles stopped, when the money disappeared. Instead she’d joke about her plight. Some actors did help but it was too late, much too late.”

Cuckoo died on 30 September 1981 due to cancer at the age of 53. She was forgotten and unattended by the film industry at the time of her death. (adapted from wiki,MuVyz, book ‘Edwina’ and cineplot).

I started seeing films since my early childhood in the late 40s. I was lucky enough to see many films of the 30’s too, in their second or third runs. By the early 50s, most films from the 30s were gone but almost all films of the 40s were still available.

English, Hindi, Marathi, Telugu or Kannada- language was no bar as far as watching movies of these languages was concerned . Those were the days when 78 RPM records used to be played by Hotels on gramophone. This helped me to hear the latest songs. In the 1960s Posh hotels had Juke Box. Soon it became common and Juke Boxes were seen everywhere. You needed just a coin of 4 Annas to listen to your desired song on it. Usually 4 songs in a row were lined up and they could all be listed to by putting 4 coins in it.

I liked Shamshad Begum songs from the beginning. Uneducated but immensely talented Shamshad was the reigning queen of the HFM in the 40s and till about ’55. Her seniors and co-singers bowed out, but she continued-first with C. Ramchandra, then with Naushad and later with O P Nayyar. Her Luck began to run out in 1950s and all the composers who previously supported her left her and started using the rising singing stars. From 1949 onwards, C Ramchandra was totally devoted to Lata, Naushad too had realised that the new crop of Heroines wanted only Lata and so he quietly went for her and O P Nayyar-when he found a soulmate in Asha, he simply forgot Shamshad and Geeta. So much for the “professional” composers !

In my opinion, two things went against Shamshad. One, in the early phase of Hindi cinema, the story lines of the films used to be very strong. Consequently, songs were inserted considering the need of the plot and to enhance the value of music in the film. As a result, songs were given to side Hero/heroines, special dancers or character roles. Naturally Shamshad sang for artistes other than the Heroines. The singing Heroines sang their own songs. If an analysis is done, it will be seen that till about early 50s, 70% songs in a film were sung by artistes other than the Lead pairs.

It was only after the new crop of Hero/Heroines came and when they realised ( particularly Dev Anand, for example) that songs can help them become popular, they started demanding more songs on them in the films. Slowly,the ratio reversed and after 1955-56, 80% of songs were picturised on the Lead pairs and the rest-if any-on others. Thus singers like Shamshad, who sang for all and sundry found her singing opportunities dwindling. In those days, Lata, very cleverly, chose to sing only for the Heroines and according to her, for all ‘others ‘ there were Asha, Geeta and Shamshad. This badly affected Shamshad’s career.

Secondly, when Lata came on the scene, the older generation female singers like Ameerbai, Zohrabai etc were already on the wane. Only Geeta and Shamshad were left. Geeta got all songs of Guru Dutt films. Additionally,the Bengali lobby of Burman, Hemant, Salil and A Biswas was in her support. Shamshad had no one to back her up. It was Naushad, who first indicated that he had tilted towards Lata, when Lata sang all songs of Andaz-49 for the heroines and Shamshad sang only for Cuckoo. Next was C Ramchandra, when he fired Shamshad in front of the orchestra players when she could not sing to his satisfaction. She was so much hurt that she closed her song book and walked out. Normally, C Ramchandra would have apologised soon after, but this time nothing like this happened and Shamshad understood that everything was finished. ( Shamshad, however,in a later day interview denied that anything like this had happened). In case of O P Nayyar, in one of the interviews he gave in 2003 to Dr. Mandar, he admitted that “his lead singer” in those days prevented “others” from singing for him.

Shamshad being too gentle and straightforward gave up the fight too meekly, in my opinion. Even her last attempt to remain in Limelight with a ‘Shamshad Stage Show’, did not bear any fruits as she did not do any follow up after that, due to her self respect.

In my opinion, Shamshad could have continued for another 8 to 10 years easily if only she had fought it out, but it was not to be and a vibrant, youthful, solid voice disappeared from the musical scene. I feel that it was not she but millions of music lovers who were the losers because of her ouster from the music scene.

Today’s Shamshad song is one of my most favourite songs. I was actually pleasantly surprised to note that this song was yet to be discussed here. Out of the 100 odd select Shamshad songs in my collection, this song is within the first top 10 songs in my Play list.Great composer Vinod and great singer Shamshad- this sangam providing such a Gem is no wonder. I am sure, you too will fall in love with this song the moment you listen to it. Enjoy….


Song-M m m m m main teri hoon (Wafa)(1950) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Aziz Kashmiri, MD-Vinod

Lyrics

m m m m m m m main teri hoon
m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon o raaja
m m m m m
m m m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

kaali kaali ghat khule nainon ke pat
hatt
kaali kaali ghat
khule nainon ke pat
haathon mein haath hua tera mera saath
haathon mein haath hua tera mera saath
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

chori chori aa
mere man mein sama
o raaja
chori chori aa
mere man mein sama
tera mera pyaar hua raaja pahli baar
tera mera pyaar hua raaja pahli baar
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon

papeeha bole pee
raaja dhadke mera jee
o papeeha bole pee
raaja dhadke mera jee
ambuwa ki daali pe koyal bole yoon
ambuwa ki daali pe koyal bole yoon
kya
m m m m m main teri hoon
m m m m m main teri hoon
teri hoon ho raaja
m m m m m main teri hoon


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3821 Post No. : 14820

Nautanki (Indian Opera or Ballad) is one of the major forms of Hindi theatre which has been in vogue for over 200 years as a popular form of entertainment in the rural and semi-urban area in some parts of North India. It is believed that Nautanki originated around the present day Mathura-Vrindavan-Hathras regions in Uttar Pradesh in the forms of Raas leela, Swaang etc. Over a period of time, it become popular in Braj speaking areas such as eastern Rajasthan (Khayal, similar to Nautanki) and Northern Madhya Pradesh which are closed to the border of the western Uttar Pradesh. Later its influence got extended in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Bihar.

Initially, nautankis were staged in Brajbhasha. Later the writers used the hybrid of Hindi, Urdu and local dialects in keeping with the changing taste of the audience who were now exposed to Hindi films.

The stories for the Nautanki have come from mythology (example: Harishchandra-Taramati), history (Amar Singh Rathod), folklore (Laila-Majnu, Puranmal), romance (Pak Mohabbat), noble bandits (Sultana Daaku) and the contemporary social and political issues. The stories are depicted in both the dialogues and singing. There are two main style of Nautanki. Hathrasi style gives more preference to singing in opera style with melodic exchanges between the actors on the stage. The Kanpuri style has a mix of dialogues and fast-paced singing. Probably, Kanpuri style was influenced by the touring Parsee Theatres’ plays.

The lyrics and the tunes of the songs in Nautanki are mostly traditional having been passed on orally from one generation to the next. However, newly composed songs are also included keeping with the stories used in the Nautanki. The main musical instruments used in the traditional Nautanki were Nagada, Dholak and Harmonium. The sounding of Nagada was intimations to the people that a nautanki mandali had come to perform in the village. But by the end of 1950s, additional musical instruments like Sarangi, Clarinet etc were introduced. The modern Nautanki theatres uses Keyboards, Drums and even Guitar in keeping with the music trends.

People would be attracted to watch the nautanki if the actors had powerful voice (there was no mike those days)- both for singing and dialogues and their effective interpretations of the lyrics of the songs through the facial expressions, the hand gestures and the dances. A couple of traditional folk songs are sung by the singers-dancers in between the acts as fillers to keep the audience’s interest intact during the nautanki shows.

Nautanki had been the male-dominated form of theatre when it had bloomed in the early 20th century. But one personality who has changed this tradition in early 1930s was Gulab Bai who became the first female artist to join the male-dominated Nautanki theatre. There are more ‘firsts’ to her credit. She was the first female who owned a successful Nautanki Mandali called Great Gulab Theatre Company’. She was the first recipient among the Nautanki artists to get Sangeet Natak Akadamy Award (1985) and ‘Padma Shri’ Award from Government of India (1990). Gulab Bai is a story of a girl born in extreme poverty who rose to the status of a nationally honoured nautanki artist. Yet she died sad and disappointed as the form of nautanki which she had actively nurtured had almost vanished in front of her own eyes.

Gulab Bai (C.1920 – 13/07/1996) was born in Balpurva village in the present day Kannauj district in Uttar Pradesh. She was the eldest among the 12 siblings. Her father’s was a wanderer who would go to forest for hunting and bring home small games like rabbit and birds. He also indulged in petty pilfering like stealing from agricultural fields. Her family belonged to Bedia community where the girls were bread earners by way of street performance as singers and the entertainers to the wealthy traders and businessmen. The Bedia men-folk seldom worked. Naturally, Gulab Bai’s father encouraged her to sing and dance to add to his income. She had inclination to learn singing and dancing from her childhood as she had been brought up among the other female members of her extended family who were performing artists.

A chanced visit to a nearby town called Makanpur with her father for the Annual Urs of Madar Shah, a Sufi saint, changed the outlook of Gulab Bai to become something greater than the street singer. During the Urs, one of the visiting Nautanki Mandalis called Tirmohan Lal’s Nautanki Theatre was staging ‘Harishchandra-Taramati’. Gulab Bai watched the nautanki and was impressed by the musical presentation with actors singing and dancing. She told her father that she would be interested in joining the nautanki theatre. Those days, both male and female roles in the nautanki were enacted by males only. There was no way that Gulab Bai would be taken in any nautanki mandalis. Nonetheless, her father took Gulab Bai to Tirmohan Lal, the owner of the Nautanki.

Tirmohan Lal, first refused to take Gulab Bai as in male-dominated nautanki theatres, females had no place. However, later he relented on the conditions that Gulab Bai would be paid only for her upkeep and she would have to travel to Kanpur where they had programmes lined up for a long duration. So this was the start of Gulab Bai’s first exposure to nautanki theatre. Her father or brother accompanied Gulab Bai to Kanpur.

Initially, Tirmohan Lal gave her job of singing dadras, rasiyas and lavanis in-between the nautanki acts and scenes as fillers (something, I guess, akin to ‘item number songs’ in Hindi films). Her songs were applauded by the audience which made Tirmohan Lal to consider her for higher roles in the nautanki. Her days were spent in learning the finer nuances of nautanki music from Tirmohan Lal. She also received the training from Mohammed Khan of Hathras who was well-versed in Hindustani classical raags and nautanki music. Thus she was groomed for taking subsidiary roles in the nautanki which she did admirably.

Over a period of time, with her natural flavour for singing and dancing and the audience’s favourable response, Tirmohan Lal gave her the lead roles of Taramati in ‘Harishchandra-Taramati’, Rani Haadi in ‘Amar Singh Rathod’, Laila in ‘Laila Majnu’, Shirin in ‘Shirin-Farhad’ etc. Her tremendous success and popularity among the nautanki audience motivated other female artists to join the other nautanki theatres most of whom were from the extended family of Gulab Bai.

By early 1940s, Gulab Bai had become the topmost nautanki artists with her monthly salary rising to Rs.2000/-. Tirmohan Lal’s Nautanki Theatre had become one of the topmost nautanki theatres due mainly to the popularity of Gulab Bai. A few of the competing nautanki theatres tried to lure Gulab Bai to join them at a higher salary. But she declined the offer as her loyalty was with Tirmohan Lal. On his part, Tirmohan Lal also raised her salary in keeping with her earning capacity for his nautanki theatre.

Sometime in 1954, Gulab Bai was need of some money urgently to meet the medical expenses for one of her younger sisters who had accidentally fallen from the staircase of her haveli. Gulab Bai was in Kanpur for that night’s nautanki show. Gulab Bai requested Timohan Lal for a day’s leave and Rs.100 for the medical treatment which he refused both. This attitude of Tirmohan Lal for whom she had worked for nearly 2 decades, made Gulab Bai upset. She left Tirmohan Lal’s nautanki, arranged money from her colleagues to attend to her sister’s medical treatment. After this incidence, Gulab Bai did not perform for Tirmohan’s nautanki.

In 1955, Gulab Bai formed her own nautanki theatre called the Great Gulab Theatre Company. Her 3 younger sisters and Raja, the hero from Tirmohan Lal’s nautanki joined her. In all her nautankis, Gulab Bai continued to be the heroin while Raja acted opposite her mostly in lead roles. During this period, Raja amd Gulab Bai started living together as husband-wife though they never legally married. He was the second ‘husband’ for her, as she had separated from the first sometime in the late 1940s. In a short time, Great Gulab Theatre became an established name churning show after show based on the popular stories in the various places. At one point of time, the Great Gulab Theatre had 120 artists on its role.

Towards, the end of 1970s, the fortune of Great Gulab Theatre Company was on the decline so also of others due to declining patronage of audience. With the advent of TV, VCDs and VCRs, the new generation of audience had different expectation from the Nautankis akin to what was churned out in Bollywood films. The Government had imposed entertainment tax on Nautanki shows. At the same time, Gulab Bai was in no mood to compromise on the production value of her Nautankis.

Gulab Bai must have sung hundreds of songs during her active career in the nautanki theatres. Unfortunately, very few songs have been released on the gramophone records. So far, 16 songs have been listed as being released on 78 RPM gramophone records. Her two most popular dadras, ‘nadi naare na jaao Shyam paiyyan padoon’ and ‘moko peehar mein mat chhed baalam’ were recorded and released in the late 1940s by HMV on 78 RPM gramophone record. These dadras were often played on wedding functions. Later, she also sang these on All India Radio.

Interestingly, these two dadras were used in Sunil Dutt’s film, ‘Mujhe Jeene Do’ (1963) sung by Asha Bhonsle. These songs became more popular than the original ones sung by Gulab Bai since early 1930s due to film’s pan India reach. Lawyers of Kanpur approached her to file a case against the producer of the film for using her songs without acknowledgement and compensation. She reprimanded the lawyers by saying that these were songs from the Braj. Women of Braj had been singing these songs for ages with their dholaks. There is nothing to write or compose. These are folk songs.

I guess, the issue of copyrights which was all over the newspaper must have given an opportunity for HMV to make money by bringing out Gulab Bai’s recorded songs in public by way of a LP. In 1969, HMV released 12 songs on LP. Probably, this was a better way of earning her dues by way of royalties than fighting a case in the court.

After Gulab Bai was awarded Sangeet Natak Akadamy Award in 1985, Government began inviting her company to perform on some state functions. Even though such invitations came in few and far between, Gulab Bai preferred state patronage as it was hassle free. She received a lump sum payment without the tension of a box office failure. Also there was no pressure from the audience for the cheap entertainment. Hereafter, her company reduced the public performances and did only the commissioned performances.

Gulab Bai breathed her last on July 13, 1996 after a short illness. She left behind her two sons one of which worked with SBI as an Officer. Her two daughters, Asha and Madhu are educated and married. They are traditional Nautanki artists.

During her active days in nautanki theatres, Gulab Bai had trained many artists so as to ensure that the folk theatres strive and there is continuity in the keeping alive the tradition. One of her wishes was that the Government should set up a Nautanki Academy in Kanpur to keep alive the folk tradition of nautanki by enrolling young people as nautanki artists. Unfortunately, her suggestion was never considered. She rued this just a few days before her death in a TV interview by way of couplet from Jigar Muradabadi which she told her daughter to sing.

<em.‘yahaan insaaf kis se maangne aaye ho ‘Jigar’
chalo yahaan se ye andhon ki rajdhaani hai

I was toying with the idea of selecting one of her 12 non-film songs in the LP for presenting along with this write-up. While looking for the video clip of the song on YT, I accidentally came across a video clip of a film song ‘Dilli se mol dupatta manga do’ sung by Gulab Bai in an obscure film ‘Diwanji’ (1950). So here is that song. While the lyricist is unattributed, the nautanki type song is set to music by Sushant Bannerjee.

To the best of my knowledge, this was the only song which Gulab Bai sang for a Hindi film.
Acknowledgements:
1. Gulab Bai : The Queen of Nautanki Theatre by Deepti Priya Mehrotra (2006).
2. Nautanki – Folk Theatre: A Study of Women Performers And Audiences in Mathura, UP by Vyomika Sharma-Bhardwaj (2013).
3. ‘Ek Thhi Gulab Bai’ – TV documentary by Krishna Raghava (1996).

Audio Clip :

Song-Dilli se mol dupatta manga do (Divanji)(1950) Singer-Gulab Bai, MD-Sushant Bannerji

Lyrics

Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
laakhon kahi is ne ek na maani
laakhon kahi is ne ek na maani
kaise chhipaaun mein uthhti jawaani
uthhti jawaani
kaise chhipaaun mein uthati jawaani
uthati jawaani
ab koi reet bataa do
bataa do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyan

Dhaake ki malmal ho rang ho dhaaani
Dhaake ki malmal ho rang ho dhaani
cham cham chamkegi mori jawaani
cham cham chamkegi mori jawaani
uspe gota kinaari lagaa do
do
uspe gota kinaari lagaa do
aur malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa

pahan dupatta ?? raani banoongi
raani banoongi
pahan dupatta ?? raani banoongi
raani banoongi
apne dewariya se binti karoongi
apni dewariya se binti karoongi
kya
sainyyan se
haan
sainyyan se mohe milaa do
do o
sainyyan se mohe milaa do
aur malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3800 Post No. : 14792

Today’s song is from film ‘Mangala’ (1950). This was a film made by Gemini Films of Madras and directed by its boss SS Vasan. The music was given by a team of Balkrishna Kalla, MD Parthasarathy and E Sankar Sastry. The cast of this film was P Bhanumathi, Ranjan, Agha, David, Badri Pershad, BS Kalla etc.

The film was a remake of the hit Tamil film ‘Mangamma Sapatham’ (1943). After the unprecedented foray of Gemini’s Vasan’s hit film ‘Chandralekha’ (1948) into the All India market, Subramaniam Srini Vasan or simply SS Vasan, became aware of the unlimited scope of the Hindi belt market for south-made Hindi films. Vasan was a writer, editor, producer and director, but above all, he was a business tycoon. He had established the popular Tamil magazine “Anand Vikatan”, and owned Gemini Studios, Gemini Laboratories and Gemini distribution circuits.

He soon decided to take advantage of the success of ‘Chandralekha’ and made another tri-lingual film . In Tamil it was called ‘Apoorva Sahodarargal’, in Telugu, it was ‘Apoorva Sahodaralu’, and in Hindi it was called ‘Nishan’ (1949). This film too was a great success. Encouraged by this, SS Vasan made his 1943 Tamil Hit film ‘Mangamma Sapatham’, into a remake in Hindi with the name ‘Mangala’.

Not by coincidence, but by design, the hero for all these 3 remakes and the originals was Ranjan. (This film was remade in Simhalese as ‘Mathalan’ in 1955, and in Telugu as ‘Mangamma Shapatham’ in 1965, featuring NT Ramarao, later the Chief Minister of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh, and Jamuna).

Enthused and inspired with Vasan’s success in the Hindi belt, another giant from the South came forward. AVM’s Tamil film ‘Vazhkai’ (1949) was a big hit in south. AVM made a Telugu version of it with the name ‘Jeevitham’ (1950) followed by a Hindi version ‘Bahaar’ (1951). They introduced Vyjayantimala with this film, in Hindi. The story of the film and the Music by SD Burman made film a big hit in Hindi too. AVM then made Hindi film ‘Ladki’ (1953), with a Tamil and Telugu version. This too became a hit film. However by that time the South market had grown manifolds and there was no need for the south film makers to venture into the Hindi belt to earn money. Thus, there was a slow down in this type of activity. The south now started making Hindi films directly in Madras by calling actors from Bombay. And some films were dubbed too.

Actually, the southern film activity, though as old as Hindi talkie films, is strictly limited to four southern states. It was only the adventurous SS Vasan who ventured into the bastion of Hindi film markets, by promoting his film ‘Chandralekha’. In fact this had encouraged other producers like AVM, Prasad, Vijaya etc. to tap the Hindi belt. While making a multilingual film, the south producers always called the Hindi artistes, be it actors, directors ,composers or singers to come to Madras, but they never went to Bombay. It was only through dubbed or remade films that south actors, composers or actors were exposed to the Hindi arena. Those days anyone from south was a ‘madrasi‘ and likewise anyone from other than south was a North Indian or a Punjabi ! No one from the North bothered to distinguish between Tamil, Telugu, Kannada or Malayalam – films or people. Everything was ‘madrasi‘.

The divide between the north and the south went on widening, which finally resulted in the anti-Hindi agitations of the 60s and 70s in Madras and other southern places. Fortunately, in recent times and with the new generation, thanks to the coalition politics at the centre and states as well as IT centres at Hyderabad and Bangalore, the North-South exchange is much better and each state is identified individually. Thanks also to writers like Chetan Bhagat’s novels. Thanks to Modernization.

In the early times of the film industry, very few educated people used to join here. That is why graduates or postgraduates used to flaunt their degrees with pride – like Moti, BA – the lyricist (though he was actually MA), or Kavi Pradeep’s pseudo name – Miss Kamal BA or even singer Surendra as BA, LLB etc.

A highly qualified person and that too in an unrelated subject joining films was a wonder then. Thus, a young man with an unlikely name for a hero, like RAMNARAYAN VENKATRAMAN SARMA alias actor RANJAN was a novelty. Ranjan was born in Madras on 2-3-1918 in an orthodox Brahmin family. He did his BA with Physics and then completed M Litt in Carnatak music and dance, and became a Research Fellow for Ph.D. He also became the managing editor of ‘NATYAM‘ a magazine for dance, drama and music. In total contrast to his expertise in fine arts, he learnt fencing (sword fighting) after he saw it in the Olympic Games.

He was spotted by a Tamil producer and he made his debut in the film ‘Ashok Kumar’ (1941). After a few films in Tamil and Telugu he got the role of Shashank in the magnum opus film ‘Chandralekha’ in 1948. The drum dance and his fencing were the two main attractions in the film. The final sword fighting is considered the longest ever fencing fight in films till today ! The film was a hit and Ranjan became type cast in action films. Ranjan was a very poor actor, but his fencing skills were marvelous.

In 1949 came ‘Nishaan’, based on the Hollywood film ‘The Corsican Brothers’ – one good and one bad. It was a story of twins. The audience liked a scene from the film which showed that there were marks on one brother’s back if the other one was whipped ! The film, in Hindi, Tamil and Telugu, was a hit everywhere mainly for its fencing scenes. In ‘Mangala’ opposite Bhanumati, he was the villain and the hero too.

He was invited by New York University for a research fellowship, but Vasan did not leave him, so after ‘Mangala’, as soon as the contract was over, Ranjan came to Bombay.

‘Shin Shinaki Boobla Boo’ (1952) saw him with Rehana but as a romantic hero, he was worse than Bharat Bhushan or Pradeep Kumar ! He acted in ‘Sindbad The Sailor’ (1952),  ‘Nishan Danka’ (1952), ‘Kafila’ (1952), ‘Baaghi’ (1953), ‘Shahenshah’ (1953), ‘Baap Beti’ (1954), ‘Baghdad’ (1961), and a host of B and C grade films, many of them dubbed or remakes of southern films. He was known for only fencing. But he never became famous like Stewart Granger in ‘Scaramouche’ for his fencing. In the 1950s he acted in 23 films, in 1960s he did 18 films and in 1970s his tally was 17 films. A total of 58 films in Hindi.

After sword fighting became obsolete he shifted to writing. The story of film ‘Munim ji’ (1955) was written by him. After few years in south he was seen again in ‘Chor Chor’ (1974) and ‘Chaitali’ (1976). ‘Ram Balram’ (1980) was his last film.

He married a Muslim girl and she converted to Hinduism taking the name of Laxmi. Ranjan wrote 12 books on dancing and music. He shifted to USA to live with his son in New Jersey. He passed away 12-9-1983, due to a heart attack. He was so much forgotten that even the news of his death was not published in India.

The composers of ‘Mangala’ was a team of D Parthsarthi, Balkrishna Kalla and E Shanker. This team also gave music to few other films like ‘Sansaar’ (1951), ‘Mr Sampat’ (1952), ‘Bahut Din Huye’ (1954). Balkrishna Kalla with Mohd Shafi gave music to ‘Krishna Kanhaiya’ (1952). Independently he gave music to only one film – ‘Do Dulhe’ (1954). The southern composers gave music only to dubbed films or remakes.

In the original version of ‘Mangala’, which was ‘Mangamma Shapatham’ (1943), the heroine was Vasundhara Devi – mother of Vaijayantimala. In Hindi film ‘Mangala’, the heroine was P Bhanumathi, but the hero was same – Ranjan. There were some Hindi actors like Agha, David and Badriprasad. The composer of today’s song, Balkrishna Kalla also did a small role in this film. When Shamshad Begum sang songs for ‘Chandralekha’, her songs were recorded in Bombay, but for ‘Mangala’, Shamshad went to Madras first time and sang 9 songs out of its 15 songs. In this film the songs and dances of Carmen Miranda were freely copied in the Tamil, Telugu and Hindi versions.

The late 1940’s was marked in Bollywood with the remake of several super hit movies from south, especially from Tamil. The 1950 hit ‘Mangala’, produced by Gemini Pictures, was one such movie which was originally made in Tamil. SS Vasan was the director of the Hindi version. The newspaper, The Hindu, in its issue of 3-2-2013 has said this, about film ‘Mangala’,

Bhanumathi Ramakrishna was so bowled over by the performance of Vasundhara Devi (mother of yesteryear heroine Vyjayanthimala Bali) in Gemini’s blockbuster 1943 Tamil hit, Mangamma Sabadham , that she wished, if at all the film were to be remade in Telugu, she would act in it. In fact, the Tamil movie was released by Gemini supremo S.S. Vasan at a few centres in Andhra also and was well received there too. A few years later, Vasan decided to remake the movie in Telugu and Hindi under the title Mangala . Impressed by Bhanumathi’s performance in the Tamil film, Rajamukthi , he decided to sign her and approached her husband, Ramakrishna Rao. It was an opportunity she was waiting for and Bhanumathi immediately accepted the offer. She was paid a remuneration of Rs. 1 lakh for both the versions. Ranjan, who did the hero’s role in Mangamma Sabadham , was retained to play the lead role in both Telugu and Hindi versions. Popular editor of the time, Chandru (who had done commendable work as editor for Gemini’s earlier trilingual, Apoorva Sahodarulu) was entrusted with the job of directing the Telugu movie.

Based on a popular folklore, an engrossing narrative was weaved by Gemini’s story department. Mangala (Bhanumathi), the charming daughter of a rich farmer, is very haughty by temperament. When Prince Sugunapal (Ranjan) fails to win her love, he throws a challenge that he would marry her and then imprison her for life, denying her the marital bliss. She counter-challenges him that she would bear a child from him and make the child whip him in his court.

The prince marries her and puts her in a lonely palace. She makes her father (Doraiswamy) dig a tunnel from the palace to her village, sneaks through it to her house and learns dance. Disguised as a gypsy, she entices the Prince, secretly gives birth to a child, and when he grows up (Ranjan – dual role) gets her vow fulfilled through him. Realisation dawns on the Prince and the tale ends on a happy note.

All through it is Mangala’s show and Bhanumathi essayed it brilliantly. If Vasundhara Devi was admired for her nice dances in the Tamil version, Bhanumathi scored through her acting prowess. Ranjan made his presence felt in dual role.

The songs and dance sequences were all hits of that time. Music was composed by Partha Sarathi, Kalla and E Sankar Sastri. Two songs from this film were inspired by the famous Brazilian dancer Carmen Miranda’s classics. The song “Ma Ma Ma Ma Ma Mummy” was based on Carmen Miranda’s “Mama Yo Quiero” and “Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Mari Main To Laaj Se” (today’s song) in which Bhanumathi is dressed like Carmen, was based on “I Yi Yi Yi Yi — I Like You Very Much”  from the film “That Night in Rio ” (1941), sung by Carmen Miranda herself.

Enjoy the dance and song video….

 


Song – Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Ayyi Mari Main To Laaj Se  (Mangala) (1950) Singer – P Bhanumati, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – MD Parthasarthy, BK Kalla, E Shankar Shastri

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa
ch ch ch ch..ch

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa. . .
ta na na na ra naa naa. . .
ta na na na na naa. . .
ta na na na ra naa naa. . .
ta na na na na naa. . .
ta na na na na naa
ta na na na na naa

taa na na naa raa nanna
naa raa nanna
naa raa nannaa
ta na na na na naa. . .
ch ch ch ch..ch

taa na na naa raa nanna
taa na na naa raa nanna
taa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na na na naa. . .
taa naa naa naa. . .

ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
sainyyaan dekhe mohey pyaar se
aayi aayi raja torey paas re
piya se milan ki aas re
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .

kaun jaane kaisa jaadu daal ke
chheen liya dil mora haaye
khili khili khili rahe chaandni
chanda sa ye much muskaaye
chhoti si raat
chhoti si baat
dil ki pukaar
sumba limbaa. . .
suno suno pyaare morey saajna
baaje morey dil ka sitar
gori gori chhori main to baalma
puchho reejho reejho hai kyon nikhar
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .

meri chaal nihaar
kaisi thummakdaar
meri kamar nihaar
kaisi lachakdaar
mere nain nihaar
jaise tez kataar
meri nath nihaar
kaisi hai chammakdaar
ye bahaar
ye nikhaar
tum shikaar
main shikaar
phadak phadak
thadak thadak

ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
haaye ri main to laajon mari
hanh hanh
ayyi ayyi ayyi ayyi mari main to laaj se
saayyaa ji jee
du du de de dor
ka ka ki ki ku ku ke ke kaye kekor
piya se milan ki aas re
chhoti si raat
chhoti si baat
dil ki pukaar
sumba limbaa. . . aa. . .

suno suno pyaare morey saajna
cha cha chu chu chu chu chaye chechor
ka ka ki ki ku ku ke ke kaye kekor
ta tta ta ti tu tu tuteyi tetor
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yaa. . .
ahaa haa haa haa. . .
ayyi ayyi ayyi yayyi yayyi yaa. . .

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa

ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na na naa raa nanna
taa naa naanaa

ta ra ra na na naa naa. . .
ta ra ra na na naa. . .
ta ra ra na na naa naa. . .
ta na na naa raa naa
ta na na naa raa naa

ta na na naa raa nanna naa raa nanna naa raa nanna
taa naa naa naa raa. . .
ta na na naa raa nanna
ta na naa raa nanna
ta na na na naa. . .
ta. . na. . na. . naa. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3785 Post No. : 14768

Today’s song is from the film Madhubala-50.

What is the meaning of ‘Sone pe suhaga ‘ or ‘Doodh mein shakkar ‘ or even ‘Saatwe aasmaan par’ ? These and similar expressions are used when more than one pleasing matters are combined. Same is the case with film Madhubala. The most beautiful actress in Hindi film history and the most charming and handsome actor in Hindi cinema worked in this film as the lead pair in this film.Yes, Madhubala and Dev Anand.

It was a dream for many to see these two beautiful and handsome creations of the Almighty together. people would become ecstatic in the theatres, when they sang together or exchanged love dialogues on the screen. I know, because I too was one of them. Those days, Dev Anand was becoming the heart throb of many a college girls and young ladies. In the later years of the 50’s decade, Dev Anand was the most popular actor in the Hindi films.

In this film Madhubala-50, Dev and Madhubala acted together for the second time . Their first film was Nirala also made in 1950, but released first.In all they acted together in 8 films. This was a record till the Dream girl Hema Malini broke it with 11 films with Dev Anand.

Though Dev ( 26-9-1923) was 10 years older than Madhubala ( 14-2-1933), he was very junior to her in the Film industry. By the time Dev Anand did his first film Hum Ek Hain-1946, Madhubala had already done 13 films. She had started as a child artist in Swastik-1939. Madhubala-50 was her 35th film and Dev’s 13th film ! Fron Nirala-50 to Sharabi-64, they did 8 films together. Dev Anand did 116 films and sang 303 songs on screen. Madhubala did only 81 films and sang 189 songs on screen. Her speed came down drastically, after her Heart ailment was detected while shooting in Madras and the treatment had started.

Dev of course continued steadily for a much longer period, but out of his 116 films how many films were actually watchable is a moot question.

Film Madhubala-50 was made by Ranjit Movietone. There is an interesting story behind this film’s making. When Madhubala was about 13-14 years old, Chandulal knew her and also liked her. He had already predicted a bright future for her. Her father Ataulla Khan was a very careless and irresponsible person. One day, when Chandulal Shah was playing cards with his friends, he got a phone call from his nephew, Ratilal Punatar, saying that Madhubala had come and she is asking for a loan of Rs. 2000, on interest, immediately. Her mother was in serious condition to deliver for the 10th time and her father was not at home. Chandulal asked Ratilal to give the money to her without interest, but to tell her that in future if Ranjit needed her, she should work for them.

In the end of 40’s decade, due to a heavy loss in gambling, Ranjit had seen bad days. They decided to make a film with Dev and Madhubala. Ratilal went to Ataulla Khan, but he quoted an astronomical amount. Ratilal returned. Next day Madhubala herself came to Ranjit and told them that she will work in their film and that too without any money. Those were the days, when she had become famous after the success of film Mahal-49. But she worked in the film and Ranjit, as a mark of gratitude, named the film as Madhubala.

The film was directed by an outsider named Prahlad Dutt. He was actually a foreign trained photographer and Cameraman-expert in Trick scenes. He was working in Lahore in the early 40s. Pancholi’s film ” Shirin Farhad”-45 was getting ready and Prahlad Dutt was its Director and trick scene Master. His work was applauded by everyone. The scene where Farhad digs out a canal from a big mountain single handedly, was done by Prahlad with astounding results. After the Partition, he ran away from Lahore to Bombay. He soon got work here as his name was well known and famous.

Author Vithal Pandya, in his book ” Sapnon ke saudagar” has described an incident about Prahlad Dutt.
” Dutt was working in Ranjit, directing a film ” Mitti ke Khiloune”-48. It was in early 1948. Gandhiji was killed on 30th January. 4-5 days after that, Ranjit studio workers were shocked to find a Police Jeep entering the studio,in speed. Out jumped an Inspector and asked, ” Where is Prahlad Dutt?” Ranjit Manager asked” why?” the answer was ” We have his arrest warrant in connection with Gandhi killing”. While the Manager offered to call him here from another floor where he was shooting, the Police ran towards that place. As soon as Prahlad saw the Police, he started running, with Police chasing him and shouting stop stop. He tried to climb the wall and disappear, but the inspector warned him first and then shot him with his pistol in his thigh. He fell down. He was arrested and taken away.

He was charged with various crimes and a case was put on him. However, he was released unblemished after 4 months. Ranjit management helped him quite a lot in those days. ”

Prahlad Dutt acted in only one film-Ek hi Bhool-40 ( There was another actor S.Prahlad in films same time, but he was different). He directed 5 films in all- Shirin Farhad-45, Piya Ghar aajaa-47, Mitti ka khilouna-48, Nazare-49 and Madhubala-50.

The music of film Madhubala was by Lachhiram Tamar. LACHHIRAM is a name not known to many readers. Most people think that his family name is TOMAR. Many sites and books also say so. However, one of his family members has clarified on the Blog,’ Songs Of Yore’ that the correct surname is TAMAR. He was a very talented but unlucky composer, who, despite his good work was never counted among the A grade composers.

LACHHIRAM TAMAR was a Punjabi Chaudhary born in 1914 in the princely state of Kuthar in the present day Himachal Pradesh. His father died early and he was brought up and trained in music by the Rana Jagjit Chandra of Kuthar, under the tutelage of Ustad Noore Khan. He came to Delhi at the age of 20 years and served in H.M.V.Company as a singer. He cut many records there. Side by side he was singing on A.I.R. also.

Aziz Kashmiri, writer and Director of Shorey Films, Lahore came scouting for talents and engaged him as an assistant to music composer for a salary of Rs.750 per month. He assisted in films like Champa, Badnami and Shalimar. His first independent film as a composer was Kahaan Gaye-46. Then he did Aarsi-47, Mohini, Birhan and Director in 47-48 and did Guru Dakshina and Madhubala in 1950.

The songs of Madhubala became Hits, but his luck misfired. He suffered from T.B. and had to leave everything. He lost one Lung also in it. However this brave man came back and did Ameer, Shaheed Bhagat Singh-54 (Sarfaroshi ki tamanna-Rafi), Maharani Jhansi, Guru Ghantal and Hazaar pariyaan-59. In his last spell he did Do Shahzade, Razia Sultan and his Last film was Main Suhagan Hoon-64.

Lachhiram Tamar died on 5-2-1966 at Bombay.

Today’s song is sung by G M Durrani – a singer who had a natural charm in his voice. I like many of his songs. His career was a ” Riches to Rags” story, which I will discuss some other day. Let us now enjoy his song today.


Song-kisiko yaad karta hai mera dil (Madhubala)(1950) Singer-G M Durrani, Lyrics- I C Kapoor, MD-Lachhiram Tamar

Lyrics

kisi ko yaad karta hai
mera dil raat din
haaye mera dil raat din
akela aahen bharta hai
mera dil raat din
haaye mera dil raat din

chaman mein gar bahar aaye hamen kya
kali gar phul ban jaye hamen kya
chaman me agar bahar aaye hame kya
kali gar phul ban jaye hame kya
chahak kar aam ki daai pe bulbul
khushi ke geet gar gaye
hame kya
hame kya
judai me tadapta hai
mera dil raat din
kisi ko yaad karta hai
mera dil raat din
haaye mera dil raat din
akela aahen bharta hai
mera dil raat din
haaye mera dil raat din

ye aansu aankh mein jo aa rahe hain
fasaana ishq ka dohra rahe hain
ye aansu aankh mein jo aa rahe hain
fasana ishk ka dohra rahe hain
tujhe meri kasam ik baar aaja
aaja
tujhe meri kasam ik baar aaja
sandeshe maut ke bhi aa rahe hain
aa rahe hain
yahi fariyaad karta hai
mera dil raat din
kisi ko yaad karta hai
mera dil raat din
haay mera dil raat din
akela aahen bharta hai mera dil raat din
haay mera dil raat din
raat din


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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