Advertisements

Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1940s (1941 to 1950)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3714 Post No. : 14643

Today I present a really wonderful song of Jagmohan Sursagar, Anima Dasgupta and Munir Alam from film Subah Shaam-1944. The music of this film was by Subal Dasgupta, younger brother of the more famous composer kamal Dasgupta. The film was made and directed by P.C. Barua for Indrapuri Studios, Calcutta. The songs of this film were written by Faiyaz Hashmi and Munir Lucknowi ( different from the singer Munir Alam). The cast of the film was Pramathesh barua, jamuna, Purnima ( she was different from Purnima of
Bombay ), Indu Mukherji, Munir, Devbala, Tulsi Chakravarti etc etc.

Director P.C. aka Pramathesh Barua was born on 24-10-1903. A well educated and foreign trained prince from a Royal family came into the films only by chance. He established his own studio and made films. Impressed by his style and work, B.N.Sircar of New Theatres offered him a job in his company. Barua joined and made such films in New Theatres that the studio became famous all over India. His greatest contribution was his first film here, ” Devdas”-34 in Bangla. he did the main role and brought in a comparatively new actress jamuna for the role of Parvati aka Paro. With the fantastic success of Bangla version, Barua made its Hindi version in 1936, with K L Saigal as the Hero. This was mor successful than the Bangla version and became an iconic film for ever as a reference point. Then an Assamese version was also made in 1937.

With a very eventful, successful and satisfying stint in New Theatres, Barua developed serious differences with the owner-B.N.Sircar, who was known to be a disciplinarian who held the Institution ( of New Theatres) in place. New Theatres, in the 30s , was full of Titans having a larger than life images and it was inevitable that there would be clashes amongst the artistes and the owner. Like true Bengalis, they all had king size Egos and over estimated self respects.

The first crack came in 1933 when Nitin Bose and Debaki Bose clashed, resulting in Debaki Bose’s temporary exit. In the line was Barua, who had a grudge that he was not given as many films as his peers Nitin Bose and Hemchander Chunder got . The rift between Barua and Sircar was obviously born out of deep differences, because after Barua left, B N Sircar had said- “He was a remarkably innovative director who seemed to improve after every film. As an actor, he forged a style that was distinctively his own uniquely. But as a Man…..well,I would rather not discuss it”.

However, it was known to both of them and all others connected with NT, that both these Giants had tremendous love and respect for each others. In 1951, when Barua lay dying on his bed, he instructed that his body be taken past the house of B N Sircar, where he was lying sick on bed. When Barua’s funeral convoy reached Sircar’s house, the ailing Sircar hobbled painfully to the window of his elegant Elgin Road Residence, as the prince of Players paused beneath the window for a while and then proceeded. It was a poignant moment- an act symbolic of a reference point established a long time ago in a business which was notorious for callous and impermanent relationships !

After Barua Nitin Bose left, then kanan Bala and few more. Only pankaj Mullick, though hurt by New Theatre’s neglect, stuck till the end. P.C.Barua died on 29-11-1951. He acted in 8 Hindi films( Manzil-36, Mukti-37, Adhikar-38, Jawab-42, Ranee-43, Subah Shaam-44, Amiree-45 and Pehchan-46). He directed 14 frilms and sang 1 song in film Jawab-42.

Barua’s third wife Jamuna (10-10-1919 to 24-11-2005) was the fourth of the six daughters of Puran Gupta, a resident of a village near Agra, India. Each of the sisters was named after an Indian river like Ganga, Jamuna, Bhagirathi etc. As destiny would have it, Jamuna came to reside in Calcutta, a leading film producing city in India. Originally from Gauripur of Assam’s Goalp ara district (undivided), Jamuna was married to the legendary actor director Pramathesh Barua, or P.C. Barua, who died in 1950. She began her acting career in her husband’s famous production Devdas in 1936 and was the film’s lead character Parvati or Paro. She went on to make a number of memorable movies in Assamese, Bangla and Hindi, notably Amiri, Mukti, Adhikar and Sesh Uttar. She stopped acting after Barua died

In the thirties and played a small role in Mohabbat ki Kasauti(1934), Hindi version of Rooplekha (Bengali) directed by P.C. Barua. A romance started although Barua, hailing from the native Indian state of Gauripur, Assam, was already twice married. As the actress, who was to play Parbati in Barua’s next venture Devdas (1935) reported inability to attend the studio on the very first day of shooting, Jamuna was called from Barua’s residence (she was living with him by then) and was asked to get down to work straight away without any preparation whatsoever.

Thus she came to be the first Parbati of Indian talkies- Miss Light had played the role in the silent version of the enormously popular Sarat Chandra novel. Aishwarya Rai happens to the last so far and Devdas has been made and re-made a number of times. Jamuna played the same role in the Hindi version also and was accepted in this very first proper exposure as an actress in her own right. She continued to act in Barua’s films like Grihadaha (1936), Maya (1936), Adhikar (1939), Uttarayan (1941), Shesh Uttar (1942), Chander Kalanka (1944) and the respective Hindi versions of each film.

Barua had left the prestigious New Theatres in 1940 and was directing as well as producing his films. Thereafter she acted in a number of Barua directed Hindi movies like Amiree, Pehchan and Iran Ki Ek Raat. These films however did not add to the prestige of either to Barua or to Jamuna. Jamuna also acted outside Barua direction in three Bengali films Debar (1943) and Nilanguriya (1943) where she proved herself without Barua’s influence. Her last film Malancha (1953) was also outside Barua’s direction. She also starred in its Hindi version Phulwari (1953).

Barua’s death in 1951 when he was only 48 changed Jamuna’s life altogether. She had three sons by Barua, Deb Kumar, Rajat and Prasun. They were all minors at the time and the Gauripur estate refused to take any of their responsibilities. She had to wage a legal battle with the powerful and influential royal family to get her and her children’s dues and recognition. Time settled the matters and she was allowed ownership of the house with its vast adjoining land and also an allowance. Jamuna spent the rest of her life after Barua as a housewife, busy in bringing up her minor sons. She had to complete the unfinished film Malancha of course but said good bye to the world soon after. Later in her life she did attend a number of functions to celebrate the centennial year of husband P.C. Barua and received felicitations on behalf of the Government of India and the state Government of Assam as the first Parbati of Indian talkies.

Her last days were not very comfortable and she was bedridden for more than six months prior to her death. She is survived by her three sons and their families and a host of relatives.. According to her family members, she had been ill for some time, and the cause of death was illness related to old age. She died at her residence in south Kolkata.

In Hindi, we have seen few Brother composer pairs like Husnlal Bhagatram, kalyan ji -Anand ji, Anand- milind etc etc. I can not think of any such pair whose brothers individually very famous as composers, except perhaps Pt. Amarnath and Husnlal – Bhagatram, but here too no two brothers were famous individually. There were some other brothers like Timir Baran and Mihir kiran and Kamal Dasgupta and Subal Dasgupta. Neither Timir-Mihir nor Kamal-Subal worked as a pair and individually only one became famous in Hindi films. Mihir kiran gave music to only 1 film- Kaarvan e hayat-35 and Subal Dasgupta gave music to only 2 films Subah Shaam and Arzoo both in 1944.

Kamal Dasgupta ( 28-7-1912 to 20-7-1974) gave music to 17 Hindi films from Jawab-42 to Phulwari-51. Subal gave music to only 2 films as mentioned. He was, however, a prolific composer in Bangla films and NFS. The credit for composing music for Talat Mehmood’s First recorded NFS, ” sab din ek samaan nahi tha” goes to Subal Dasgupta. Some sites and You Tube erroneously mention kamal Dasgupta’s name as its composer , but it is wrong. I quote here an excerpt from the book ” Talat Mehmood-The Velvet touch” a biography by Manek Premchand,

“His first recording happened in September 1941, the song being Sab din ek samaan naheen tha, Ban jaoonga kya se kya main, iska to kuchh dhyaan naheen tha, written by Fayyaz Hashmi and composed by Subal Dasgupta. Present at this recording was the great singer-composer-actor Pankaj Mullick, who patted the young émigré for a job well done. In Calcutta, the young man started learning Bengali. After six recordings for HMV in Calcutta, Talat returned in 1942 to complete his studies at Marris and in the next couple of years, he heard a lot of Gangubai Hangal, Fayyaz Khan and Roshanara Begum. ” pp 13

Not much information is available on Subal in books or on the net. Even Dr. J.P.Guha has no information on him. Here is something from a Bangladeshi site.

Subal Dasgupta was born at Kalia (Narail) of the old Jessore district in Bangladesh. His parents shifted to Calcutta long before the partition of 1947. His eldest brother professor Bimal Dasgupta was a gifted musician, while his elder brother Kamal Dasgupta also emerged as one of the most successful music directors of his time. His sisters Sudhira, Indira, Basanti—–all were talented singers in their own rights. All of them had recorded songs under HMV banner. He belonged to an immensely accomplished musical family. At a very tender age Subal Dasgupta took lessons in classical music from Ustad Zamiruddin Khan, a renowned maestro of Kheyal and Thumri. It was here, that he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, the great poet , who also started taking classical vocal lessons from the same master. The meeting between the two, later turned out to be of historic significance.

When I first heard this song, I liked it very much. I am sure you too will love it. The singers are Jagmohan Sursagar, Anima Dasgupta and Munir Alam. These names are not mentioned in HFGK, but the stalwarts of RMIM, in their discussion have confirmed these names in the late 90s. Though the YT video mentions Hemant kumar, his voice is not there.

( Credits- RMIM forum, Talat Mehmood Biography, scroll.in, wiki, nazrul.com.bd, Sharmishtha Gooptu’s article ”The Glory that was” and my notes )


Song-Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam (Subah Shaam)(1944) Singers-Anima Desgupta, Jagmohan Sursagar, Munir Alam, MD-Subal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

aish o raahaten bhi hain
dukh museebaten bhi hain
aish o raahaten bhi hain
dukh museebaten bhi hain
?? bhi hain
gham ki shaanaten bhi hain
gardish e jahaan mein
dillagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

maut bhi hai yaas bhi
din ke baad raat bhi
maut bhi hai yaas bhi
din ke baad raat bhi
apni apni ?? hai
aadmi ke saath hai
apni apni ?? hai
aadmi ke saath hai
raushani ke saath saath
?? hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

chaand mein chakor mein
jungalon ke mor mein
chaand mein chakor mein
jungalon ke mor mein
papeehe ke shor mein
papeehe ke shor mein
gulshanon ki ?? mein
bulbulon ki bekhudi(?)
keh rahi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

Advertisements

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3711 Post No. : 14638

Today’s song is from a film Manorama-1944. HFGK does not mention singers’ names, but the voices are that of Chitalkar and Hamida Banu with chorus. The film Lyricist was Anjum Pilibhiti and the MD was C Ramchandra.

Last week we had discussed a New pair of names fitting under ” The Same Name Confusion” series, which came first time, only on this Blog. The names were similar sounding Ramola and Romilla. Our Sadanand ji had also added some new information about Romilla, in his comments. This is how informations get updated. Thank you, Sadanand ji.

Today we have yet another New pair-again first time on this Blog- which are not similar sounding names, but have exactly the same spellings. The name is Naseem, who was a part of the film’s cast along with Leela Chitnis, Ishwarlal, N M Charlie, Kantilal, Mubarak, Alaknanda and others.

NASEEM is the name which caused confusion in the 40s, because two actresses with the same name were working in the films at the same time. Generally, the younger one was mentioned as (Junior), but in some films she is just mentioned as Naseem. These are the films which are coolly added to the Senior Naseem’s Filmography, because she was more famous. This is exactly what happens in such cases of SNC. One has to take extra efforts to credit the right films to the right artiste. Most of the times, this is a very tedious job and may take months to get the right answer which can be defended with corroborative evidence. All these old artistes are no more and not every artiste’s information is available. particularly those artists who created confusion and either left the films or the country or the world, are the toughest cases as no information is available on them in India and Pak sites do not give full information on pre-independence films or artists.

Interestingly, the problem of Same Name Confusion is non existent in Hollywood. Not because there are no such names, but because they are very alert and take preventive measures. No one can act in films or on TV, unless he is registered with the ‘ Screen Actors Guild ‘ (estd 1933). They have a strict rule that no two actors will have same names. If a New actor comes with a same name that is already existing on the rolls, he is required to change his name before registration, or add a prefix or a suffix. That is why this problem is not there in Hollywood, in spite of more than 130,000 active members.

Though in India, no such system operates, this problem has almost become extinct in recent times, because of a variety of names ( unlike the western world) available now. Now, let us see more about these two Naseems. First, the senior one.

Born on 2-9-1920,at Delhi -ROSHAN ARA aka Naseem Bano was the daughter of a famous classical singer Shamshad Begum. She too was very good looking . She was called ” Chhamiya” due to her adakari while singing. Naseem was so beautiful that even is school days her beauty was discussed by people. When sh was in school,once she came to Bombay and happened to see the shooting of ” Silver King-35″. She was so impressed with it that she decided to become an actress.

When Sohrab modi proposed to cast her as a Heroin in his “Hamlet”,her family flatly refused but gave in after Naseem sat on a Hunger Strike !. For her second film,’ Khan Bahadur’ she was advertised as a ‘ Beauty Queen’. (Later her daughter Saira bano also got this title). After some films like Divorce,Meetha Zahar and Vasanti,the most important film of her life and also for Minerva Movietone, PUKAR-39 was launched. In this film she enacted the role of Empress Noorjahan,opposite equally handsome actor Chandramohan as Jehangir. She looked cute and beautiful as Queen in the get up. She became an All India star overnight and got the Title ” Pari-Chehra ” from the critics. Her song ‘ Zindagi ka saaz” became so famous that thousands of records were sold in no time.

She married producer Director Mohammed Ehsaan, in 1942. They started their own company- Tajmahal Films and produced Ujala, Begum, Mulaqat and Ajeeb Ladki. The couple had two children- Sultan Ahmed and Saira Banu. After 1947,she stopped singing and did only acting.

Naseem acted in limited films,like Hamlet, Divorce, khan bahadur, Vasanti, Meetha Zahar, Pukar, Ujala, Chal chal re Naujawan, Chandni Raat, Main Haari, begum, Mulakat, Sheesh mahal, Anokhi Ada, Baghi, Shabistan, Sindbad the Sailor, Betaab, Ajeeb Ladki, and Nausherwan E Adil. She did only 20 films. She sang 42 songs in 14 films.

When her mother Shamshad Begum “Chhamiya” died in 1983,many newspapers,magazines and Internet sites published erroneous news that the famous singer Shamshad Begum had died.

In 1953, her husband deserted her and went to Pakistan with the negatives of her films. He made money and Naseem became famous and Popular in Pakistan, without going there. She took her children and went to England for few years, but came back to India to make her daughter an actress.

Naseem Bano died on 20-6-2002.

Naseem bano was never a singer, but she sincerely tried to improve her singing. Her voice was thin and there was a tremor in it,so it sounded sweet( just like Talat).

Naseem Jr. or Miss Naseem Jr. was younger sister of actress Shameem. She was born in Lahore on 8-2-1930. Her father had a shop and he was a General merchant. She was educated in Islamia Girls school, Bombay where she was staying with her actress sister Shameem. After Matriculation, she too wanted to become an actress. While in school she did many dramas. At the age of 13, she did an uncredited small role in film Salma-43.

Her first major film was Jwar Bhata-44- also the first film of Dilip kumar and Mrudula. Her second film was Manorama-44. She acted in few more films Sanyasi-45, Zeenat-45, Door Chalen-46, Amar Raj-46, Jeewan Sapna-46 and Mera Geet-46.

She had a hot temperament and could not get along with co stars and the Directors. Soon the offers diminished. She got married and returned to her hometown-Lahore along with her husband. She did only few films, but it was enough to cause confusion. Her films Jeewan Swapna-46 and Door chalen-46 are generally credited to Naseem Sr.’s filmography.

You will find one more name in the cast-Alaknanda. In Hindi films, there were many sister-pairs who worked as actresses, but in the history of Hindinfilms-both Silent as well as Talkie- there have been only 3 sets of 3 sisters who worked as actresses in the same periods. The first set was of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi in the early 30s. Then in the 40s came the second set of Alaknanda, Tara and Sitara Devi. In the 50s, the last Trio of Padmini, Ragini and Lalitha worked in same period. After this, to my knowledge, no such Trio of actresses came on the screen. If you count step-sister also, then Mehtab was the step sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi trio. This made the only Quartet of Sister Actresses in Hindi Film History ever ! Even their mother Fatima acted, directed and Produced films, to boot !! Only their father did not join films !!!

Alaknanda was born in or around 1910 in a Banares situated Mishra family. her clan had a tradition of singing in temples for the last 5 centuries. The family had close relations with Nepal and its Royal family. Her Grandfather was a court singer. Her grandmother and mother were from Nepal, so Alaknanda called herself as ‘ half Nepalese ‘.

When her father wanted to train her and her younger sister Tara, in Dancing and music, there was opposition from their society. Therefore the family moved to another corner of Banares and he started a Music school and trained children of Royal families from Bengal. In one of their visits to Calcutta, Sitara Devi was born in Calcutta. Alaknanda’s first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33. She worked in 38 films till late 40s. She had sung 15 songs in 7 films. She got Cancer and died sometime in or around 1947. Not much information is available about her or her sister Tara/Tara Devi/Tarabai. Vithal Pandya, in his book mentions that in her last days, Tara stayed in Bombay slums and worked as extra in films in her old age.( Famous dancer Gopi krishna was her son) Sitara Devi, on the contrary,lived a famous,rich and majestic life, with several marriages. That’s life, anyway.

The Hero of the film was Ishwarlal, who was a fixture in Ranjit for 13 years. ISHWARLAL was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya,Kathewar,Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi.

He belonged to a Jain family. His father was in Police department at Kathiawar Agency. His father died when Ishwarlal was just 3 year old and mother raised him.

After Matriculation, he completed Teaching Diploma at the age of 16, but did not a job as he was underage.He came to Bombay, where his brother had some business, in 1927 to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome.

He got a job in Ranjit Studios. He started with silent films at a salary of Rs. 35 pm.His first Talkie film was Bhutiya Mahal-1932.Then came Char Chakram-32.He started acting and singing in films.Initially he sang only duets.Meanwhile,with Jwalamukhi-36,he became Hero.He sang many songs in Ranjit films,but the records are not available.Those days,not all songs of the film were recorded for commercial purpose.

In Billi-38,he sang a duet with Sunita devi and also in Aaj ka Hindustan.In Ummeed-41,he had a duet with Nurjahan.In Pyaas-41,he sang with S.Pradhan.

He got to sing a solo song for the first time in 1942 in Fariyaad. In Jabaan, under C.Ramchandra,he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-
Diwali, Dheeraj, Chandni, Bhola shikar, Nadira, Sitamgar, Veer babruwahan, Barrister’s wife, College kanya, Desh dasi, Keemti aansoo, Dil ka daku, Jwalamukhi, Sajni, Dil farosh, Adhuri kahani, Thokar, Holi, Pyar, Bansari Lalkar, Chirag, Us paar etc.

He worked in Ranjit for 13 years. Then he worked with Prafull pictures, Sun art, Wadia, Hind pictures and Atre Pictures also.

In 1945,he was the hero of Noorjehan in Badi Maa,but he had no songs, in fact his last songs were in Us Paar-1944. His singing stopped completely when Rafi gave him playback in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.

Then he did character roles in Subhadra,Mahasati tulsi vrinda,Sanskar,Naulakha haar,Khuda ka banda etc.

He acted in 86 films. He also directed 11 films. He sang36 songs in 14 films. His last film released was was kahani kismet ki-73
He was married in 1931 to a loyal wife kamalabai. They had no issues. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

With today’s song, film Manorama-44 makes its Debut on this Blog.

(Credits- Vithal Pandya’s books, Film Directory, Beetehuedin blog, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, HFGK and my notes )


Song-Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare(Manorama)(1944) Singers-C Ramchandra, Hamida Bano, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Anjum Pilibhiti, MD-C Ramchandra
Chorus
C Ramchandra + Chorus

Lyrics

Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare
Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare
gaawe khushi ke geet gin gin
gaawe khushi ke geet
ho
jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

ho o o
dhobiyaa ko chahai
haan
dui dui mehariya
haan
dhobiyaa ko chaihai
dui dui mehariya
ek ghar aur ek ghaat
ek se mangaawen chiilam tambaaku
ek se mangaawen chilam tambaaku
ek se karihen preet
hilmil
gaawen khusi ke geet
ho
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho
jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

zulfon mein daal phoolinwa dhobiyaa
moonchhon pe daike taav
zulfon mein daal phoolinwa dhobiyaa
moonchhon pe daike taav
bainyya pakad mohe chhatiyaa lagaike
bainyya pakad mohe chhatiyaa lagaike
jobna liyo hai jeet
hamra jobna liyo hai jeet

ho jiyo jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

taas mein jeete nahile ko dahila
dahile ko jeete ghulaam
haan
taas mein jeete nahile ko dahila
dahile ko jeete ghulaam
hamri ?? bitiya re tori
hamri ?? bitiya re tori
?? ne li hai jeet
haay raam
?? ne li hai jeet
ho

jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

na main maangoon kotha atariya
na kuchh maangoon aur
na main maangoon kotha atariya
na kuchh maangoon aur
godi mein dhobiya ke hamre gosainyya
godi mein dhobiya ke hamre gosainyya
jaaye umariya beet
hamri jaaye umariya beet

ho
jiyo jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3710 Post No. : 14637

“Wo Zamaana”(1947) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjeet Movietone, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Khursheed (Junior), Lalita Pawar, Altaf, Padma Bannerji, Subhadra Devi, Sheikh Hasan, S N Tripathi, Pt Iqbal, Joshi, Ramswaroop, Nafeez Khalili, Kaabuli, Iqbal Hussain, Ibrahim, Bhupatrai Ojha etc in it.

This movie had ten songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Wo Zamaana”(1947) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Mohantara Talpade and Rati Kumar Vyas. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bulo C Rani.

Only the audio of this rare “expression of love” song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.

With this song, Rati Kumar Vyas makes his debut in the blog as a singer. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this singer.


Song-Ho saloni naari tere roop ka jagat bhikaari(Wo Zamaana)(1947) Singers-Mohantara Talpade, Rati Kumar Vyas, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

hey ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
hey ae ae ae
saajan to teekha bhala
ae ae
jyon barse talwaar
ae ae ae ae
paani jiska dekh kar
haaye chhup jaaye sansaar
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae

ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae
naari to baanki bhali
jaise dhanush kamaan
ae ae ae ae
tirchhe chitwan
baan pe ae
ae
isi se karat nishaan

o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari
jab se geet sunaaya tumne
jab se geet sunaaya tumne
pad gayi koyal kaali
kaali
kook kook kar
kook kook kar
deti tujhko
?? adharon se gaali
gaali
manhaari
matwaari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari

kaliyon ka ras rang churaaya
kaliyon ka ras rang churaaya
bhav ?? uthhe man mein
man mein
nain raseele
nain raseele
dekh tihaare
hirni bhaagi van mein
van mein
balihaari
balihaari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3708 Post No. : 14634

“Baabuji”(1950) was directed by Bhagwan for Udai Productions, Bombay. This stunt movie had Bhagwan, Leela Gupte, Baburao, Usha Shukla, Vasant Rao, Azeem, Jaani, Mirajkar, Zafar, Vitthalrao, Dhondu, Anmanta, Swami etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two song from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Baabuji”(1950) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Sulochana Kadam. Ehsan Rizvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by P Ramakant.


Song-Nazar se nazar lad gayi (Baabuji)(1950) Singer-Sulochana Kadam, Lyrics-Ehsan Rizvi, MD-P Ramakant

Lyrics

nazar se nazar lad gayi ee ee eeee
haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam

nasheeli teri aankhen hai be piye ae ae
nasheeli teri aankhen hai be piye ae ae
hamen zahar gairon ko amrit diye
hamen zahar gairo ko amrit diye
kisi ki nahin ban padi deed(?) kiye ae
pilaane par jab ad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi

hansi wo sharaarat ki hansne lage ae ae
hansi wo sharaarat ki hasne lage ae ae
gade(?) bachne waale bhi hansne lage
gade(?) bachne waale bhi hansne lage
bichhe jaal sau phande kasne lage ae
girah aur bhi pad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye ram
nazar se nazar lad gayi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14632

Today’s song is from film the film Mahatma Vidur-1943. It is sung by Vishnupant Pagnis. This will be his second song on the Blog.

The song is written by Pt. Narottam Vyas and MD is H.C. aka Harishchandra Bali. The film was produced by Circo productions and directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Durga Khote, nayampalii. Baby Madhuri,Kalyani, David etc.etc.

Thousands of actors worked in Hindi films. All were not heroes, because to become Hero in a film, you require Luck or a God father. There were many One Film Wonders in Hindi films. Some worked in only one film and some worked only in one film worth remembering. So much has been written about this tribe, that I will not repeat it here. However, working in just one film or a film which records your name in the Hindi Film History for ever is something extraordinary. I remember just two such names, offhand, in this category, though, I feel, there could be few more such names. Knowledgeable readers can point them out in the comment section.

The names which I remember are Rajkumar Gupta, who did the role of Ajay in film Jagriti-1954 and Vishnupant Pagnis who did the main role in the film Sant Tukaram-1936 (Marathi version. Its Hindi version came up only in 1948). Rajkumar Gupta-who hailed from Ranchi-acted in only One film, Jagriti, arguably the most meaningful Children’s film ever, and his role of Ajay alongwith the movie has passed into folklore.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did four more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries. This film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 1940s.)

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place called Chicodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. he was a popular artist doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘ Jagchitradarsh ‘, only to wind after two years in 1915. he continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting and worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellary shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portryed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full house in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. he became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaral, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in for more films of the same genre, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music in two films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39. These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis became immortal with just one film Sant Tukaram. Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries.Many books and essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

Today’s film Mahatma Vidur-43 was made on the life of Vidur after he renounced his Royal heritage and displeased the Kauravas by joining the Pandav camp.The film was full of miracle scenes. The art direction was by the legendary Baburao Painter. Story was by mohanlal Dave and dialogeus and lyrics by Narottam Vyas and Mahesh Kaul.

How many of us really know anything about Vidur ? Not many, I am sure. Vidur was an important character in Mahabharat. He was the brother of Dhritrashtra and Pandu, thus an uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas. The story of his birth is interesting.

In the clan of Kuru, Vichitraveerya became the king. Bhishma did his marriage with Ambika and Ambalika, However, the king died without any issues. The Queen mother Satyavati requested the Rajpurohit and family mentor Bhishma to produce children for the clan. But due to his vow of Celibacy, he refused. Then Maharshi Vyas was called in to help, which he agreed. When he went to queen Ambika, she could not tolerate his Teja and closed her eyes. Hence Dhritarashtra was born without vision. Ambalika fell pale and she gave birth to Pandu, who was ill always. Finally a Daasi was asked to go with Vyasa. the Daasi enjoyed the intimacy and a very intelligent and learned Vidur was born. the meaning of word Vidur itself is skillful, intelligent and Philosophical.

In the great war, Vidur sided the Pandavas because they were on the side of Truth. He saved them many times from the plans of Kauravas, especially from the Lakshagriha fire. His advices and principles are known as Vidur Neeti. ( This is supposed to be the precursor to Chanakya Neeti in King Nand’s period.). After the war Vidur was made the PM, but he declined and went to the forest for doing Penance. Dhritarashtra, Gandhari, Kunti and Madri too went with him. Once when Dharmaraj-Yudhishthir- went to call on him, Vidur died in his arm, bestowing all his powers to him. The others with him also died later in a forest fire.

The film was directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. Tbhis name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Kharepatan i n Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. he was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. he abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film company, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made a few Tamil and Kannada films as well.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

Let us now listen to Vishnupant Pagnis singing a song from film Mahatma Vidur-43. The film makes its in debut in the Blog with this song.

(Credits- Hindu Dharma Granth by Pt. Shrinivas, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Film Directory, Prabhat Cinema by Bapu Watwe, Marathi Chitrapat sangeetkar kosh, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes)


Song-Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare (Mahatma Vidur)(1943) Singer-Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyrics-Pt Narottam Vyas, MD-Harishchandra Bali
Chorus

Lyrics

Har kaam mein rahte
Prabhu hamaare
Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mata kheti sab kuchh deti
mata kheti sab kuchh deti
bhare ann bhandaare ae
bhare ann bhandaare ae
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
dhakta badan hamaare
dhakta badan hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

ye jeewan sarvas(?)??
ye jeewan sarvas(?) ??
balram krishn ki maiyya
balram krishn ki maiyya
ham jeete un ke sahaare
ham jeete un ke sahaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mukti ka panthh na dooja
mukti ka panthh na dooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3705 Post No. : 14630

Today’s song is from film Manchali-43. It is sung by Ramola and Sunder Singh. The lyricist is not mentioned in HFGK, but it is either of the two named therein- G.A.Chishti and Kashyap. The MD was G A Chishti. The film was directed by R C Talwar ( who was earlier an assistant to Kidar Sharma,in Calcutta). The film cast was Ramola, Manorama, Ramdulari, Sunder, A S Gyani, B N Sharma, Suraiya Begum etc etc.

The ‘ Same Name Confusion ‘ has haunted Hindi film industry, since its infant stage, i.e. Silent films. Even here you find a name Suraiya (albeit as Begum). Obviously, she was not the Suraiya- the singing sensation in the late 40s and the 50s. At the time of this film in 1943, she was still ‘ Baby Suraiya ‘, just starting her career. However, there were two more Suraiyas operating at this time. One was Suraiya Chaudhari and the other was Suraiya Zulfi. More in details about these Suraiyas, some other time. Today we will tackle another pair of ‘ Same name confusion ‘, which is different than such pairs discussed so far ( including in the recent book).

In the early stages of Cinema, it was difficult to get girls to work in films. However, as the film industry grew in the mid 1920s, many Anglo-Indian, European and Jew girls started working as Heroines. Since the films were silent, there was no need of knowing Hindustani language or a knowledge of singing. Additionally, due to their open culture, these girls were willing to give romantic, intimate scenes or even kissing on the screen. As such, the Censor had no objection for such scenes. In those days, there were separate Censor Boards for each state or presidency, after the Indian Cinematography Act was passed in 1920. It was implemented in 1927. All the Boards were unified and reconstituted as The Central Board of Film Censors, only in 1952. Till then films or songs used to be banned, if needed, in specific states only. For example, due to objectionable content, Zohrabai Ambalawali’s song from Mann ki jeet-44 was banned in Bombay Presidency, but it was shown all over India.

The biggest number of artists given by a single Non Indian origin community, in those days was the Jews. The Jews came to India in 562 BCE and in 70 CE in two lots. They settled in various parts of India. It was the first foreign religion to come to India, even before Islam or the Zorostrian. There were 8 types of Jews, based on their locations in India.

1. Cochin Jews
2. Madras Jews
3. Bene Israeli Jews in Bombay and Konkan areas
4. Baghdadi Jews-Gujarat, Bengal and Eastern India
5. South Asian Jews
6. Bnei Menashe- NE states
7. Bene Iphraim- Telugu and
8. Delhi Jews- Punjabi

Though the Jews mingled freely and adapted themselves to local atmosphere- maintaining and following Judaism-, the Jews who took up to Film Industry were only the Bene Israeli and Baghdadi Jews. A point to note was that no Jews from Kerala or Madras even entered film line. It was only the Hindi films. There too mainly Jew women joined films. The earliest recorded Jew girl to work as a Heroine in a film was Ruby Meyers ( Sulochana ). She acted in silent film Veer Bala-1925, made by Mohan Bhavnani for Kohinoor Film company, Bombay. She went on working in films and became very popular. When the Talkie film age came, she contacted Imperial film co. to stake her claim, but was rejected as she was not fluent in speaking Hindustani. learning from this, she took one year off and became expert in Hindi and learnt singing too. She made a thumping entry with the Talkie film Madhuri-1932, in which she sang 4 songs also ! Hats off to the dedication !

There were other Jew actresses like Rose Musleah (Miss Rose), Lilian Ezra (Lilian), Marcia Soloman(Vimla), Rachel Sofaer(Arti Devi), Esther Abraham (Pramila), Susan Soloman(Feroza Begum), Florence Ezekiel(Nadira) and many more. Among the males- David Jseph Penkar wrote the story and dialogues of Alam Ara-1931, Actor David Cheulkar (David ), Ezekiel Penkar (Viju Penkar- Tarzan film Tarzan and the Cobra-88 and few more films) and Lily Ezekiel (Asha Bhende), Edvyn Meyers (Ezra Mir) and Pearl Padamsi are well known Jews. There were some male Jews in the Technical side also.

In film Manchali-1943, the Heroine was Ramola (Rachel Cohen).

Actress Ramola (real name- Rachel Cohen) was born in a Jew family on 5-7-1917, at Bombay. Her father Hayam Cohem was a school Teacher. Her initial education was done in Bombay. Later they shifted to Calcutta where she completed her matriculation and joined films. Her first film was ‘ Graher fer’-38,a Bangla film. She did few small roles and then came ‘Khazanchi’-41 from Pancholi of Lahore. This changed her career and she became a popular actress. She did films like Masoom,Khamoshi manchali.etc etc.

Initially,Ramola was a small actress. First she acted on stage along with her two sisters. Then she got a Bangla film. It was Jagdish Sethi who introduced her to director/lyricist/dialogue writer Kidar Sharma.
According to Kidar Sharma,

“She was smart and a charming young lady. Her only drawback was her height. She was not tall, just about 5 feet, but she had lofty ambitions. One day she came to see me and I promised I would personally take her to the director of her choice. She said, “I would like to be introduced to Mr. Nitin Bose, and no one else.” I took her to Mr. Bose, and was sure that her charm and talent would impress him.

Mr. Bose scanned her, from top to toe, while I praised her talent and her choice of a director, like Nitin Bose. After a long silence, Mr. Bose addressed me and said, “When you brought her to me, why did you forget to bring some bricks for her to stand on?” Poor Ramola was hurt and heart-broken by this great director’s caustic remark. She quietly said, “Goodbye” and walked away from his office.

I followed her and found that she was in tears. ‘I was moved by the plight of a struggling youngster having high hopes, being ridiculed for something which nature was responsible for. I knew what it felt like to be ridiculed. I had experienced it often enough. I escorted her to the tram junction and there she bid me goodbye. To encourage her, I said, “Please, Ramola, don’t be heart-broken. One day, when I become a director, you will be my first heroine, and we will prove to Mr. Bose and the world, what a great star you are.” Ramola laughed and said,- “Poor Mr. Kidarnath, the dialogue-writer will never be a director and I will never be a heroine.” So saying, she jumped into the tram.”

However, Kidar Sharma kept his promise and cast her in his first film as director Aulad / Dil Hi Tou Hai (1939). Aulad/Dil Hi To hai was a down-to-earth story of a middle-class father, who had sacrificed all his life to educate his son and is darling daughter, hoping that they would be worthy children to the society and to the family. Little did the old man know that the generation gap would present a different, horrifying reality, which would destroy him completely. The modern college Miss, who destroys the dreams of her old father, the aged struggling middleclass man, was played by Ramola.

After the success of the film, Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

Later Ramola appeared in many films including Qaidi, Khazanchi, Khamoshi, Swan Aya Re, Rim Jhim etc. When she acted in Pancholi’s famous film Khazanchi-41, she became famous all over India and film offers started pouring on her. She looked so cute in her Punjabi dress- Salwar and Kurta- in that film, that this dress became famous and popular as Khazanchi dress amongst the women in India.

She acted in 23 films in Hindi and 5 films in Bangla. She even sang 14 songs in 4 Hindi films. After the arrival of new heroines including Madhubala, Nargis, Meena Kumarietc, Ramola’s career got eclipsed and she bid farewell to her film career. Her last 3 films Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage were released in 1951. However her actual last film was the Bangla film, Anurag-51

Ramola was married twice. Her second husband, Leslie Rondeau, was a Captain in the British Air Force, who helped to train Indian pilots in the IAF post Indian Independence. Her son, Sam, from her first husband, migrated to Israel in the 1950s. She had two daughters, Dena and Linda, from her second marriage. Dena, based in London today, even acted in a film, GP Sippy’s Ahsaas (1979), and works in the fashion industry while Linda, a resident of Bombay, was an air-hostess with Air India. With her generous and large hearted spirit, Ramola also ‘adopted’ and looked after another 14 families, helping them move ahead in life.

Ramola passed away in Bombay on 10-12-1988.

While Ramola was doing films, another actress having a similar name Romilla appeared on the scene. Romilla was actually Sofia Abraham, the younger sister of actress Pramila (Esther Abraham). Daughter of a retired Government Contractor, Romilla was born at Calcutta, After passing the Junior Cambridge examination she came to Bombay. She joined Imperial Film co. After doing some nondescript and uncredited roles, she became the heroine in Prince Movietone’s film Calcutta after Midnight-37. She started working in C grade stunt films of Mohan pictures and others. Some of her films were Bismil ki Arzoo-37,Cyclewali-38, Chabukwali-38, Thunder-39, Ratna lutari-39, Suhana Geet-41 ( later re issued as Toote Dil-47), Sarovar ki Sundari-42, Pistolwali-43 etc etc.

After this she got married and bid goodbye to films.

Today’s song is sung by Ramola and Sunder singh, who became a comedian after his film Shukriya-44. With this song, the film “Manchali”(1943) makes its Debut on the Blog.

(Credits- Times of Israel, The wire, ‘Mother, maiden, Mistress’ by Somaiya and Kothari, Cineplot, Film Directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, Upperstall, wikipedia and my notes)


Song-Ho koi rang rangeeli aaye (Manchali)(1943) Singers-Sundar, Ramola, MD-G A Chishti

Lyrics

Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chhail chhabeeli aaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chh chh chh chh chhail chhabeeli aaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

tum kya ho
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
jo mera jee bahlaaye
jo mera jee bahlaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
to kya ho

tab jeewan sukh paaye ae ae ae
tab jeewan sukh paaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye
ho ho
ho o o o
o o o


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3704 Post No. : 14627

“Wo Zamaana”(1947) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjeet Movietone, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Khursheed (Junior), Lalita Pawar, Altaf, Padma bannerji, Subhadra Devi, Sheikh Hasan, S N Tripathi, Pt Iqbal, Joshi, Ramswaroop, Nafeez Khalili, Kaabuli, Iqbal Hussain, Ibrahim, Bhupatrai Ojha etc in it.

This movie had ten obscure songs in it. One song has been covered in the past

Here is the second song from “Wo Zamaana”(1947) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Mohantara Talpade. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bulo C Rani.

Only the audio of this “calling the beloved” song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.


Main parwat khadi pukaaroon (Wo Zamaana)(1947) Singer-Mohantara Talpade, Lyrics-Pt Indra, MD-Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
teri palchhin baat nihaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
teri palchhin baat nihaaroon
sajanva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re

wo mast morni ee ee
wo mast morni
mor dekh kar dole ae dole
wo mast morni ee ee
wo mast morni
mor dekh kar dole ae dole
tum aao to mere man ki maina bole ae bole
tum aao to mere man ki maina bole ae bole
main preet ka jaadoo daaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main preet ka jaadoo daaroon
balamva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re

kya karoon kya karoon
kya karoon kya karoon
kya karoon
preet meri laaj ka ghoonghat khole ae khole
kya karoon
preet meri laaj ka ghoonghat khole ae khole
lo suno
jiya mora piya piya piya bole ae bole
lo suno
jiya mora piya piya piya bole ae bole
main kaise tujhe bisaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main kaise tujhe bisaaroon
balamva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re
main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3700 Post No. : 14619

‘Ujaala’ (1942) was produced under the banner of Taj Mahal Pictures and was directed by K M Multani. The film was based on a story by M A Mughani whose name also appears as the ‘producer’ of the film. The screen play and dialogues were written by Kamal Amrohi. The star cast included Prithviraj Kapoor, Naseem Bano, Mubarak, Ratan Bai, Mirza Musharaf, Baby Vinod Kumari, Jhilani etc.

The film was the maiden venture of Taj Mahal Pictures which was set up by M. Ehsan. However, the film’s publicity materials mentioned M A Mughani, the story writer as the ‘producer’ of the film with M. Ehsan as Associate Producer. My guess is that after completing the college, Ehsan set up this film production company without having any experience in film production. So he may have given a greater role to M A Mughani in the film production who had earlier worked in Minerva Movietone. It was said that Ehsan was a childhood friend of Naseem Bano and she may have partly financed his film production company.

For Naseem Bano, it was her first film after she was released from her contract with Minerva Movietone by Sahorab Modi on her request in 1940. Till that time, she had acted in Minerva’s Movietone’s films like ‘Hamlet’ aka ‘Khoon Kaa Khoon’ (1935), ‘Khan Bahadur’ (1937), ‘Vasanti’ (1938), ‘Meetha Zahar’ (1938), ‘Divorce’ aka ‘Talaaq’ (1938), ‘Pukar’ (1939) and ‘Defeat’ aka ‘Main Haari’ (1940).

After Naseem Bano’s last released film in 1940, there was a gap of nearly 2 years before ‘Ujaala’ (1942) was released in February 1942. It is said that sometime during this interregnum, she accompanied her mother, Shamshad Begum, (a classical singer who was known as Chhamia in the music circle) to be the guest of the son of the Nizam of Hyderabad. There seems to be more to it than being merely the guest in Hyderabad. It was rumoured that Nizam’s prince was interested in marrying Naseem Bano. However, after spending sometime in Hyderabad, both mother and daughter did not like the environment in Hyderabad. So both returned to Bombay (Mumbai). ‘Ujaala’ (1942) was the first film Naseem Bano signed after returning to Bombay.

During the making of the film, a couple of things happened which could have affected the film’s publicity. First, some unscrupulous persons carried out propaganda against Naseem Bano by printing slanderous posters about her. People in the know felt that it was the handiwork of the supporters of the son of Nizam of Hyderbad who were in his payrolls, to tarnish the image of Naseem Bano. But soon, it died down. Probably the fans of Naseem Bano put more faith in her than in the slanderous propaganda.

Second, there were some creative differences between film’s dialogue writer, Kamal Amrohi and the film’s de-facto producer and story writer, M A Mughani. Both had become ‘heavy-weights’ in the film industry after the success of ‘Pukar’ (1939) in which Kamal Amrohi wrote dialogues and lyrics and Mughani was the Publicity Manager. The issues were amicably sorted out and the film was released on February 21 1942 at Lamington Theatre, Bombay (Mumbai).

I have attempted below, a gist of the film’s story based on the film’s review which appeared in April 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine.

The story revolves around a theatre which is owned by Shyam (Prithviraj Kapoor). He is idealistic man, a learned musician and also a strict disciplinarian. Maya (Ratan Bai) is the star artist of the theatre who falls to the flattery showered by Tiwari (Mubarak), a wealthy man who is the frequent visitor to the theatre. Maya responds to Tiwari’s flirtations which results in her late hours for the theatre activities. Shyam admonishes her for breaking the theatre discipline resulting in frequent quarrels. One day, Maya, believing the numerous promises of Tiwari, walks out of the Theatre.

Shyam is on a look out for a new girl in place of Maya and find Saroj (Naseem Bano), a dancer. First, she refuses to see him. After listening to his sitar recital over the radio, she falls for him as a musician but refuses to work for him on the stage. Each of them becomes more obstinate than before whenever they meet.

To break down her obstinacy, Shyam takes a flat just below the flat occupied by Saroj. One day, he plays sitar non-stop. At first, Saroj ignores the music but the urge of music in her makes her to dance to the tune of Shyam’s sitar. She admits her defeat and agrees to join his stage show. But this time, Shyam refuses to accept her.

In the meanwhile, Shyam’s theatre has been running into losses. One day, he decides to hand over the theatre to his Manager, Mirza (Mirza Musharaf) and devote his attention to music. Mirza manages a surprise and recruit a new girl, Sarojini for the stage show. Mirza convinces Shyam to attend the opening show. To his surprise, Shyam finds Sarojini is none other than Saroj.

With Saroj, all shows of the theatre become success. Shyam falls in love with Saroj which she reciprocates. Once again, Tiwari comes in to scene to lure Saroj for his personal pleasure. On the marriage day, Saroj is kidnapped by Tiwari and kept in his house. Shyam is distraught. Saroj jumps out of the window of the house where she was kept as prisoner and becomes permanently disabled. Tiwari gets reformed after seeing her pathetic conditions. After some more emotional drama, Shyam and Saroj are united.

Despite a favourable review by ‘Filmindia’, the film failed at the box office. Ehsan incurred heavy losses. He closed down Taj Mahal Pictures in March 1942. The only gain out of producing the film for Ehsan was that Naseem Bano married him and shifted to Delhi after the film’s release. She left the film industry when she was still ‘pari chehra’ (fairy face) for her fans.

But there are twists in the stories of Naseem Bano and the Taj Mahal Pictures. Before that, I need to mention about the system of license for a film production company which was introduced during World War-II. Without this license issued by the Government, the film production company could not import raw films for shooting.

A question was raised in the Central Legislative Assembly (akin to Lok Sabha now) by a legislator “on what grounds Taj Mahal Pictures of Bombay was given licence when the said concern had already closed its business in March 1942”. The Minister of Industry & Civil Supplies replied that “Taj Mahal Pictures did not stop their business. The Government was satisfied that in the absence of the licence, the company could not produce the film and a considerable hardship would be caused if a licence is not granted to them” (as verbatim reported in April 1945 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine).

I can now relate this piece of information as to why a dormant film production company like Taj Mahal Pictures got revived. This has also got a connection with the return of Naseem Bano to Bombay film industry in 1944.

Sometime in 1943, Shashdhar Mukherjee along with Rai Bahadur Chunnilal, Gyan Mukherjee, Ashok Kumar, Savak Vacha, Kavi Pradeep and others left Bombay Talkies due to differences with Devika Rani who had taken the reign of Bombay Talkies after the death of her husband, Himansu Roy. This group formed Filmistan Studio. Shashdhar Mukherjee wanted to produce a film on a scale of his box office success film ‘Kismet (1943) which would be his fitting reply to Devika Rani for her ill-treatment of his team.

Shashdhar Mukherjee hit upon an idea of casting Naseem Akhtar in his film ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawaan’ (1944). Since she had already left the film industry in March 1942, it was a difficult proposition to woo her to accept the role in his film. He travelled to Delhi and met M Ehsan, Naseem’s husband with his plan to cast his wife. After much persuasion and a visit by Rai Bahadur Chunnilal, Ehsan agreed on certain conditions. One of the important conditions in the contract was that Shashdhar Mukherjee would oversee the production of one more film under the banner of Taj Mahal Pictures.

It took a long time for ‘Chal Chal Re Naujawaan’ (1944) to be completed. Contrary to the general expectation, the film did not fare well on the box office front. However, as per the contract, Shashdhar Mukherjee was to oversee the production of another film for Ehsan. So the film ‘Begum’ (1945) was stared with most of the infrastructure and resources of Filmistan Studios. The film starred with Ashok Kumar and Naseem Bano in lead roles. With this film, Ehsan’s production company was revived which later produced films like ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Chaandni Raat’ (1949), and ‘Ajeeb Ladki’ (1952). Ehsan migrated to Pakistan taking with him all the films he produced in India.

What an irony in Ehsan’s filmy career! When he lost money in ‘Ujaala’ (1942), he gained Naseem Bano. But when he earned a lot of money in Pakistan after releasing these films, he had lost Naseem Bano who was legally separated from him due to his migration to Pakistan.

Now let me present the first song from Ehsan’s first film ‘Ujaala’ (1942). The song is ‘main dekh rahi hoon duniya ke nazaare’ sung by Ratan Bai. The film had six songs, all set to music by Bashir Dehlvi. The lyricist of all the six songs in the film is unattributed. Going by the convention of most of the 1930s and early 1940s films when song writing was a part of dialogue writers, I guess that the song was written by Kamal Amrohi who was the dialogue writer for the film. Incidentally, Kamal Amrohi had written songs for the films ‘Jailor’ (1938), ‘Pukar’ (1939) and ‘Main Hari’ (1940) where he was also the dialogue writer.

With this song, ‘Ujaala’ (1942) makes its debut in the Blog.

Note: This article is based on some of the information gathered from the various issues of ‘Filmindia’ magazines and from the book, ‘Stars From Another Sky’ (2010) by Sadat Hasan Manto.

Audio Clip:

Song-Main dekh rahi hoon duniya ke nazaare (Ujaala)(1942) Singer-Ratan Bai, MD-Bashir Dehalvi

Lyrics

main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

khilti huyi kaliyaan
jharnon ke kinaare
khilti huyi kaliyaan
jharnon ke kinaare
jharnon ke kinaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

bhanwre kaa machalna
daali kaa lachakna
bhanwre kaa machalna
daali kaa lachakna
gulshan kaa tamaasha
phoolon kaa mahakna
gulshan kaa tamaasha
phoolon kaa mahakna
rangeen ishaare
haan rangeen ishaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare

ab jaise ye duniya
kuchh baaten karegi
ab jaise ye duniya
kuchh baaten karegi
chup reh na sakegi
chup reh na sakegi
hamse hi kahegi
afsaane hamaare
hamse hi kahegi
afsaane hamaare
afsaane hamaare
main dekh rahi hoon
oon oon oon
duniya ke nazaare
duniya ke nazaare


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3697 Post No. : 14614

In the early 1930s, New Theatres (NT) of Calcutta (Kolkata) had become the ‘sanctuary’ for Hindi film artists from Bombay (Mumbai), Lahore and for upcoming artists for better prospects. Some of the prominent Hindi film artists who had joined NT were K L Saigal, Prithviraj Kapoor, Durga Khote, Mazhar Khan, M Kumar, Jagdish Sethi, Kidar Sharma, Aarzoo Lucknowi, K N Singh, Bikram Kapoor Hiralal, Sitara Devi among many others.

Between the end of the 1930s and the beginning of 1940s, almost all of the above mentioned artists left NT to join the Bombay film industry. At the outset, it would appear that they had shifted to Mumbai for better opportunity and prospects in their filmy careers as the number of Hindi films produced in Mumbai far exceeded that from Kolkata. However, there was one more reason for the artists leaving NT and it had something to do with the way the system of film making in NT worked.

Most of the films produced in NT were simultaneously made in Bengali and Hindi based mostly on the Bengali stories. So the film was shot scene by scene first in Bengali with actors for Hindi version being asked to copy the way the Bengali actors acted and delivered dialogues. There was not much of creative freedom for Hindi actors. The same was true for the screen-play and dialogue writers for Hindi version as they only had to provide verbatim translation from the Bengali version.

Kidar Sharma who worked with NT as screen-play and dialogue writer in addition to writing lyrics for the Hindi versions, left NT sometime in 1939 due to creative differences with director Debaki Bose. Also he had an ambition to become a director which was not possible in NT as they preferred directors well versed in Bengali literature for the reason that most of their films were based on Bengali stories. After directing films ‘Aulad’ (1939) and ‘Chitralekha’ (1941) for Film Corporation of India, Kolkata, Kidar Sharma joined Ranjit Movietone on 3/10/1941.

‘Armaan’ (1942) was first film of Kidar Sharma for Ranjit Movietone. Apart from directing the film, Kidar Sharma also wrote the story, screen-play, dialogues and lyrics. The star cast included Motilal and Shamim Bano in the lead roles supported by Nagendra Majumdar, Meera, Bhagwandas, A Shah Shikarpuri, Nazir Bedi, Reva Shankar, Rajendra Singh etc.

There are a couple of interesting trivia while selecting the lead actors for the film. Kidar Sharma wanted to cast Motilal as the lead actor who was not attached to any studios. But he used to work in Ranjit Movietone’s films with an understanding that he would choose the director. Motilal agreed to work with Kidar Sharma on three conditions. First, he would work with a fixed schedule from 9.00 A.M. to 6.00 PM. Second, he would not work on Sundays. And lastly, he would not attend rehearsals. Since Kidar Sharma had fixation about Motilal for his natural acting, he agreed with all his three conditions. However, during the shooting of the film, Motilal himself broke two of his three conditions, rehearsing the scenes and working beyond 6.00 p.m.

When Kidar Sharma selected Shamim Bano (niece of Khurshid Bano, the top actress of Ranjit Movietone) as the lead actress for the film, Chandulal Shah, the boss of Ranjit Movietone had warned him that Khursheed Bano would never work with him as she was jealous of her niece. However, Kidar Sharma not only went ahead with his choice of heroine for the film, he also directed Khursheed Bano in one of his Ranjit Movietone’s films ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944). These are anecdotes which have been mentioned in Kidar Sharma’s autobiography ‘The One and Lonely Kidar Sharma’ (2002).

The gist of the story of ‘Armaan’ (1942) based on the review of the film appeared in October 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’ is as under:

Prince Kanwal (Motilal) the son of a big zamindar of Ballabhgadh travels to a nearby village to commission the renovation of old paintings to village artist Vyas (Nagendra Mazumdar) who lives with his only daughter, Meera (Shamim). Meera who has seen the Prince in the village with his big car, falls in love with him but Prince is not aware of it. The prince has also given Vyas the task of decorating his palace hall with murals.

Prince has a scientific bend of mind and is doing research in his laboratory of a magical ray that registers the feelings of pains and pleasure. One day during his experimentation of rays, Prince becomes blind. In the meanwhile, Vyas, the artist and his daughter, Meera visit Ballabhgadh for commencing the work of decorating palace with murals. Meera accidentally meets Prince in his palace garden and enters into conversation with him without realising that the Prince has become blind. When she come to know about his blindness, she becomes romantically close to him which Prince reciprocate.

The romance progresses to the dislike of Prince’s uncle (Bhagwandas) who is also the Diwan of Ballabhgadh. He pressurises the King to separate the two by sending Prince out of Ballabhgadh on some pretext. Meera is heart-broken. Meera’s conditions make Vyas worrisome and one day in the fit of depression, he commits suicide. Meera is now orphan. She decides to devote her entire life to the service of God.

One day, Meera meets a Sadhu whose asceticism is shattered after seeing Meera. Very soon, Sadhu starts making some indecent advances. Hearing the story of the blindness of Prince, Sadhu promises Meera that his medicine would restore the eye sight of Prince. But Meera has to pay the cost (in terms of her submission to him). She agrees provided the eye-sight is restored. When the medicine is ready, Meera kills Sadhu and runs away with the medicine to the palace only to find that Prince has become the King after the death of his father.

Meera is not allowed to enter the palace. However, she is compelled to hand over the medicine to one of the dancing girl so that if successful in restoring the eye sight of Prince, Diwan can claim credit for the same. Prince’s eye sight is restored only to see Meera being brought to the palace as a killer of Sadhu. All evidences are against Meera. However, when Meera reveals to the King all the background, Prince recognises the voice and the lovers are united.

The film was released on 22nd August 1942 at Royal Opera House but had to be withdrawn within one day due to communal disturbances. It was once again released after a few weeks at Royal Opera House. The film was regarded as a box office success bringing Shamim Bano into the mainstream cinema.

‘Armaan’ (1942) had 9 songs, all written by Kidar Sharma and set to music by Gyan Dutt. I am presenting the first song ‘Laao To Zara Dil Ko Isey Dil Mein Chhupaaun’ sung by Shamim Bano who was paired with Motilal in the lead role.

From the wordings of the lyrics, it appears that this song was picturised in the palace garden where Shamim meets Motilal without realising that he had become blind. When Shamim comes to know about his blindness, she says ‘Let your heart be with my heart. Let my eyes become your eyes to see the whole world’.


Song – Laao To Zara Dil Ko Isey Dil Mein Chhupa Loon (Armaan) (1942) Singer – Shamim Bano, Lyrics – Kidar Sharma, MD – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

laao to jara dil ko
isey dil mein chhupaaun
isey dil mein chhupaaun
laao to jara dil ko
isey dil mein chhupaaun
isey dil mein chhupaaun
baitho meri aankhon mein
baitho meri aankhon mein
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
baitho meri aankhon mein
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
tumhen duniya dikhhaaun
 
kasturi hai in mein
jinhen khud soongh rahen hain
kasturi hai in mein
jinhen khud soongh rahen hain
un jhopdon mein dekho
diye oongh rahe hain
diye oongh rahe hain
un jhopdon mein dekho
diye oongh rahe hain
diye oongh rahe hain

seedhe hain ke sadhe se lagey
door khade hain
seedhe hain ke sadhe se lagey
door khade hain

aur jugnu hari jhaadion mein heere jade hain
aur jugnu hari jhaadion mein heere jade hain

aakash ke kuchch taaren hain
wo  jhaank rahe hain
aakash ke kuchch taaren hain
wo  jhaank rahe hain

aur jal mein bechaare hain jo wo
jal mein bechaare hain jo wo
kaanp rahe hain

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

लाओ तो ज़रा दिल को
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
लाओ तो ज़रा दिल को
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
इसे दिल में छुपाऊँ
बैठो मेरी आँखों में
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
बैठो मेरी आँखों में
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ
तुम्हें दुनिया दिखाऊँ

कस्तूरी है इन में
जिन्हें कुछ सूंघ रहे हैं
कस्तूरी है इन में
जिन्हें कुछ सूंघ रहे हैं
उन झोपड़ों में देखो
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
उन झोपड़ों में देखो
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं
दिये ऊंघ रहे हैं

सीधे हैं के सधे से लगे
दूर खड़े हैं
सीधे हैं के सधे से लगे
दूर खड़े हैं

और जुगनू हरी झाड़िओं में हीरे जड़े हैं
और जुगनू हरी झाड़िओं में हीरे जड़े हैं

आकाश से कुछ तारे हैं
वो झांक रहे हैं
आकाश से कुछ तारे हैं
वो झांक रहे हैं

और जल में बेचारे हैं जो वो
जल में बेचारे हैं जो वो
काँप रहे हैं


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3696 Post No. : 14613

Today’s song is from film Shakuntala-43. It was the first film made by V.Shantaram, in his newly established own studio Rajkamal Kalamandir Ltd. This name was made by combining the first few letters of his parents- RAJaram and KAMALabai Vankudre. The studio was set up in 1942 and the first film was made almost immediately with Shantaram’s second wife, Jayashree as the Heroine opposite Chandramohan- the (actually) Blue Eyed boy of Shantaram.

The year 1942 was an eventful and Milestone year for Hindi film industry.

It was in 1942 that a splinter group from Bombay Talkies, led by S Mukherjee, separated and established their own Filmistan Studio.
Abdul Rasheed Kardar started his own Kardar Studios, after working for many famous film makers of Bombay and Calcutta.
Leaving Prabhat Films, with select associates like brother V.Awadhoot (cinematographer), Vasant Desai and few others, Shantaram started his own studio-Rajkamal Kalamandir.

Mehboob Khan left National studios( earlier Sagar movietone) and established his own Mehboob Studios, with the famous Sicle and Hammer on its Logo.

Homi Wadia left Wadia Movietone ,along with fearless Nadia, and started his own Basant pictures.

Begum Akhtar made her rare appearance in film Roti-42.

Muqabala-42 was the ffirst film with many Trick scenes and double role of Fearless Nadia,speaking shudh Hindi in one character and donning Saree with bangles, kumkum etc.

Bharat Milap was the first film in which Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth played the roles of Ram and Seeta. Later they created history with film Ramrajya-43 in the same roles.

Madhubala debuted as Baby Mumtaz in Basant-42.

This splurge of activities in 1942 and its roll over effect flooded the next year 1943 with ” ek se badhkar ek ” films from the new establishments, competing with the established ones. Films like Aabroo from Hind Pictures of Nazeer Ahmed, Adab Arz by Amar pictures of Virendra Desai (ex Sagar), Kanan Devi’s Hospital, Hamari Baat and Kismat from Bombay Talkies, Kanoon and Namaste by Kardar, Hunterwali ki beti and Mouj from Basant pictures, Andhera, Bansari, Gauri and Nurse from Ranjit, First film Najma by Mehboob studios, Panghat and Ramrajya by Prakash, Poonji from Pancholi of Lahore,Prithvi wallabh by Minerva and the biggest grosser Shakuntala from Rajkamal made the year 1943 a memorable year indeed. In addition other films from Circo, Mohan, Murali and many other production houses too joined in.
Out of all this, Shakuntala ran for 104 weeks and it was the First film shown in USA also. The success reassured Shantaram about his decision to go alone. He started with new vigour.

film Shakuntala had a cast of Jayashree ( Shantaram’s second wife), Chandramohan,Kumar Ganesh, Ratan Piya, Nana Palshikar, Shantarin etc etc. The songs were written by Dewan Sharar and Ratan Piya. The music was given by Vasant Desai. This was his first film with Shantaram. He went on to give music to several films from Rajkamal, like Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Matwala Shayar Ram Joshi-47 ( Amar Bhoopali-50, Marathi), Dahej-50, Surang-53, J.J.Payal Baje-55, Do ankhe bara haath-57 and Ladki Sahyadri ki-66.

Sharar had adapted the story from the original ” अभिज्ञान शाकुंतल by Mahakavi Kalidas ” written in the 3rd century. He wrote the story, dialogues and Lyrics also. This was Sharar’s first film with Shantaram . Their association continued for some more films like, Parbat pe apna dera-44, Dr. Kotnis ki amar kahani-46, Apna Desh-49, Teen batti char Raasta-53 and J.J. Payal baje-55.

Dewan Sharar also acted in 8 films and wrote 62 songs in 12 films.

Hindi film industry has seen uneducated, educated and talented artistes in various fields like acting, direction,production, cinematography, story and dialogue writing, Lyricists,composers etc etc. It has also seen successful artistes leaving films and shining somewhere else on their merits like, Shashi kapoor-sr, S D Batish, Lyricist Moti,B.A. etc etc. However , there is only one example where the artiste had an extraordinary success in totally unrelated fields, was a distinguished author and an acknowledged scholar BEFORE joining the film industry . He is Dewan Sharar. Not much has been written about him so far. Here is something about him.

Dewan was not his first name. It was a Title used as a prefix. He came from a family which had served as Dewans in many states traditionally in few generations. His name was Atmanand Sharar. He was born (1899-1969) in Multan in erstwhile Punjab. From 1929 to 1942, he travelled in many countries. He is credited with editing the Magazine, ” Shabistan “, the first Urdu cinema paper in India. He worked as a Publicist for the League of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland. He edited a leading weekly ” Great Britain and the East ” for 3 years He regularly contributed to British and American press. He was the first Indian whose 4 plays were broadcast over BBC. From 1937 to 1940, he was in charge of the cataloguing of Urdu books and Manuscripts in India House at London. He published many books like’ Indian Folklore’, ‘ In the garden of Peacocks’, ‘ East meets West’ and ‘ Gong of Shiva’. The last one was translated in many languages of Europe. Hindi film ‘ Ishara’-43 was based on this novel. He also wrote the story of Himanshu Roy’s film ” Karma”-33- first English film by an Indian. The film credits start with his name First.

This is what South Asian Cinema Faculty of U.K.said about him, “Film and stage actor, writer of English novels, short stories, stage and radio plays, “Eastern Adviser” to British-Gaumont films in London and Urdu poet. He also contributed prominently to Indian cinema as a producer, character actor and a story and dialogue writer. Born in Multan, Dewan Atmanand Sharar (1899-1969) came from a family that had served as Dewans or Ministers in Indian princely states. After graduating from Punjab’s prestigious Government College, Lahore, he established an impressive repertory company in 1919 and presented several Hindustani plays and mushairas in various urban centres. In 1929, he set up a film-producing and distribution company and began to edit Shabistan,reputedly the first Urdu cinema paper in India.
In 1933, Dewan Sharar moved to London for the completion and launch of Himansu Rai’s Indo-British film, Karma (1933) ofwhich he was the storywriter. It was completed in England by Indian & British Film Productions with J.L. Freer Hunt as the director and Thorold Dickinson as editor. Sharar also produced and acted in Nagin ki Rani, the Hindustani version of Karma. While in London, many of his English short stories on Indian life appeared in mainstream newspapers in the UK and overseas. A major London publishing firm, George G. Harrap & Co., published two of his English works: The Gong of Shiva(1935) and Hindu Fairy Tales(1936). His short stories were also published as part of an anthology which included contributions from other famous contemporary writers. He also contributed a number of English radio plays for the BBC.

After returning to India in 1939 just before World War II, he worked for All India Radio Bombay and Delhi. He then joined filmmaker, V. Shantaram and adapted Kalidasa’s Sanskrit classic, Shakuntala for the silver screen in Hindustani. The film was a runaway success and the Sharar-Shantaram combine lasted over a decade winning laurels for both Sharar and Shantaram’s banner, Rajkamal.

In 1943, Ishaara (1943), a film based on Sharar’s English novel The Gong of Shiva catapulted actor Prithviraj Kapoor to stardom. Besides becoming an important pillar of popular Indian cinema, he also started Dewan Sharar Publications in 1963. His descendants include famous Bombay-based Indian film actor Akash Khurana and Nagpur-based businessman turned playwright and theatre actor Vikash Khurana. ”

The other Lyricist of film Shankuntala-43 was a poet with a very romantic name-Ratan Piya. He was born on 5-3-1904 at Lucknow. His father Pt. Madan Mohan was secretary to Motilal Nehru. His father was a theatre lover and so started his own Theatre company at Allahabad. Ratan, after his matriculation started working in it. He was trained to write songs for its dramas. Their company was patronised by the Viceroy, who paid Rs. 20 p.m. as his Patronage !

Ratan debuted as a Lyricist in film Pakke Badmash-1939. For this film, he even wrote an English song. His films were Zaban-43, Mali-44, Umang-44 Nai Baat-47 and Batohi-48. For sustenance, he even acted in few films like, Shakuntala-43, Umang-44, Meena-44, Mahakavi Kalidas-44, Panna Dai-45, Khush Raho-49, Janam Patrika-49 and Begunah-49. After this ratan Piya returned to Allahabad to look after their Theatre when his father died.

Today’s song is sung by Vasant Desai himself. He gave music to 46 films. He acted in 4 films. He sang 13 songs in 9 films. He was often called for giving Background music to films. He gave Background music to 99 films.

( credits- http://www.sacf.co.uk, stagecrafttheatre.com, film directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, and my notes )


Song-Chali apne ghar ko Shakuntala (Shakuntala)(1943) Singer-Vasant Desai, Lyrics-Dewan Sharar, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics

is bargad ko abmain tumhaare palle daal chali
par bahan
hamen kiske palle daal chali ho

hamen kiske palle mein daalegi
sakhi laadli
tu chali
chali
hamen kyon thhi ye ghadi dekhni
chhuta chhutpane ka jo naata thha
chali
chali aashram se shakuntala
chali aashram se shakuntala

??priya
priyamvada
?? mat
chhodo
shakuntala ko dheeraj do

madan
mere nanhe
ab main tujhse juda ho rahi hoon
ghabra nahin
baba teri paalna karenge

gurubaba
apne pyaaron ko vida karne jal tak hi aana thheek hota hai
ab ye jheel ka kinaara aa gaya
hamen aagya de kar
aap aashram ko laut jaayiye

kya
aap sab yahin se laut jaayenge

main tum sabko phir kab dekhoongi

baba se kab miloongi
baba
tapasya seap waise hi duble ho rahe hain
mere jaane se aur dukhi na hona
baba
mere baba

jo hansaati thhi
usey do diye
jise paaya thha
usey kho diye
gale mil ke rona judaai ka
pita putri ki hai yahi vidha
chali

beti
samay ho gaya

chali apne ghar ko shakuntala
ye safar tera path yatra
tujhe chhaaon achchi ghani miley
miley tujh ko chaman khile khile
tujhe peene ko miley ganga jal
path yatra teri ho sufal
chali


Advertisements

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14646

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1147
Total Number of movies covered =4000

Total visits so far

  • 10,788,752 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,626 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory

blogadda

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 3500 days.

Advertisements
%d bloggers like this: