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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1940s (1941 to 1950)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4002 Post No. : 15103 Movie Count :

4147

Today’s song is from film ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946). The film was made by Prabhakar Pictures, Bombay, which belonged to Bhalji Pendharkar, the elder brother of Baburaao Pendharkar – the hero of this film. Pendharkar brothers were quite big names in Maharashtra for film making. In fact, the whole clan of Pendharkar was connected with other famous people from film line, like Master Vinayak and V.Shantaram. Let us see how.

Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons – Master Vinayak, the famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner (also father of Baby Nanda), and his brother Vasudev – who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons – V.Shantaram, famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother V Avadhoot – equally famous cinematographer.

Thus all the stalwarts were related to each others and everyone of them made a name in the film industry – both Hindi and Marathi.

Baburao Pendharkar had an illustrious career in films. He worked in different capacities, acted in Marathi and Hindi films and even directed a Tamil film. As per the entry in The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, by Rajadhyksha and Willeman,

Baburao Pendharkar (1896-1967) was a pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Hans Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in ‘Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani’ (1946), and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s ‘Ayodhyecha Raja / Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932), Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s ‘Nand Kishore’ (1951), and Keechaka in Pethkar’s ‘Keechaka Vadha’ (1959)) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in ‘Shyamchi Aai’ (1953); the title role in ‘Mahatma Phule’ (1954)). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, ‘Seeta Kalyanam’, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From ‘Jalti Nishani’ (1932) to ‘Amrapali’ (1966), he worked in 69 films in all.

The music for the film Jeena Seekho was given by Pt. Hanuman Prasad (Sharma) aka HP Sharma. To my mind the name Hanuman creates an image of a Pehelwan (wrestler). When I was in school and college in the 50’s decade, there was a craze of wrestling shows all over India. Many big names like King Kong, Hercules, Phantom, The Masked Man, Zorawar Singh, Gama-Gunga and many other unspellable names from Europe and Middle East came to India to show their wrestling prowess to an excited gallery of thousands of people in big stadiums.

It was during this period, Dara Singh won many wrestling matches. He had a record of not losing a single match in his entire wrestling career. Then he entered films.  I saw a Dara singh and King Kong wrestling match in Fateh Maidan stadium in Hyderabad. Guru Hanuman’s akhada in the North India was very famous. I also remember that there was a woman wrestler named Hamida Banu and that she had defeated many male wrestlers.

However, this Hanuman Prasad was not a wrestler. He was actually a very soft spoken, good natured person. He was a multi faceted artiste. Besides giving music to 18 films, he had acted in a film ‘Aasuon Ki Duniya’ (1936); wrote lyrics in films – ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947) and ‘Saudagar’ (1951); directed a film – ‘Rasilee’ (1944) and even sang a song in this film ! Apart from this, he was a qualified Kathak dancer. Due to his expertise in music, he was called Pt Hanuman Prasad and due to his excellence in dancing, he was called Ustad Hanuman Prasad !

He was born in 1920 at Sujangarh in Rajasthan . He attained proficiency in music and dance. He came to Bombay and started teaching dance and music in the music school run by Pt Gouri Shankar in Hindu colony, Dadar. One day he heard the singing of a young girl, who lived with her family in top floor of the same building as his. This you girl was Geeta Roy. Attracted by her voice he met her father Devendra Roy Chaudhuri and requested him to allow her to sing in his film. He gave her one line each in 4 songs, in the chorus. Only two of these are now available. Though she was uncredited, her voice is identifiable in those songs. The rest is history – as they say. Hanuman Prasad thus engraved his name forever in the history.

He has one more claim to fame(?). He was the first husband of yesteryear actress AMBU aka Lalita Pawar. She divorced him later and married GP Pawar. She divorced him also and finally married Gupta – a producer.

First time, he gave music in the film ‘Chowringhee’ (1942). In this film his co-MD was Kazi Nazrul Islam – Bengal’s revolutionary poet and writer. HP composed 11 songs, whereas Kazi Nazrul Islam composed and wrote 2 songs. HP was impressed with Sajjad Hussain, who was a struggler at that time. Sajjad’s mastery over a number of instruments mesmerised HP and he took Sajjad as his assistant. HP also gave a break to Sajjad Hussain in film ‘Gaali’ (1944), in which Sajjad composed 3 songs and HP composed 9 songs.

HP was an expert in classical music, which he used in ‘Draupadi’ (1944), a film made by Baburao Patel (of magazine Film India fame) for his wife Susheela Rani. She sang 9 solo songs in it. She had also acted in it. The film was a flop.

The films of HP were , ‘Chowringhee’ (1942), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Gaali’ (1944), ‘Draupadi’ (1944), ‘Rasilee’ (1946), ‘Nai Maa’ (1946), ‘Jeena Seekho’ (1946), ‘Bhakta Prahlad’ (1946), ‘Jasoos’ (1947), ‘Middle Fail’ (1948), ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (1948), ‘Jannat’ (1949), ‘Daulat’ (1949), ‘Chilman’ (1949), ‘Bhool Ka Shikar’ (1950), ‘Apni Chhaaya’ (1950), ‘Saudaagar’ (1951) and ‘Usha Kiron’ (1952).

HP’s music was outdated in the new decade. He realised it and gave up this line. He spent all his time in teaching dance and music to students. He was a Saibaba devotee. Hanuman Prasad died in 1972 in Bombay.
(Adapted from an article in book ‘Rahen na rahen hum’ by Shantaram Mankikar and ‘Yadon ki Baraat’ by Shirish Kanekar, with thanks).

Today’s song is sung by my favourite singer – Saraswati Rane (real name Sakina Bi aka Chhotu Tai). Born on 4-10-1916, she was the youngest daughter of legendary Maestro of Kirana Gharana, Ustad Kareem Khan and Tarabai Maane. Her siblings in music fields were Suresh Babu Maane (real name Abdul Rehman) and Hirabai Badodekar (real name Champakali). She was one of the finest ever singers in India. She cut more than 200 records of classical singing. She won many awards too.

As per HFGK, her name appears for 26 songs in 11 films. However, she sang many more film songs, for which her name does not appear in HFGK, for whatever reasons. An example is today’s song, which is not credited in HFGK to anyone. It is thanks to the uploader, music expert and reputed collector Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji (of Jodhpur), who provided the names of singer and the lyricist (Veer Mohammed Puri – what a strange name !). Singer Saraswati Rane died on 10-10-2006. She was the last of the children of Ustad Kareem Khan. I have not repeated her bio data as it was already given in 2015, in my write up for the song “Uhoon Uhoom Shikaar Na Khel“.

When you listen to this song, you will realise how an ordinary tune and music sounds sweet and melodious with Saraswati Rane’s singing. With this song, the film ‘Jeena Seekho’ of 1946 makes its debut on the blog.

 

Song – Sansaar Banaane Waale, Aisa Sansaar Bana De Re (Jeena Seekho) (1946) Singer – Saraswati Rane, Lyrics – Veer Mohammed Puri, MD – Hanuman Prasad

Lyrics

sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re

ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik prem bhari duniya ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
ik hulka phulka mann ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
armaanon mein jeevan ho
halka sa
halka sa ?? ?? ho
halka sa ?? ?? ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
main hoon mera saajan ho
aur gaada sa bandhan ho
us bandhan ke dhaagon mein
pyaara sa pyaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

mann saajan ki godi mein
mann saajan ki godi mein
aasha ?? ?? jagi ho..oo..oo
oo..oo..oo
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
meethe meethe
meethe swar mein
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
sukh ki veena bajti ho..oo..oo
duniya ho
duniya ho kar matwaali
duniya ho kar matwaali
preetam preetam bhajti ho
preetam preetam bhajti ho
us veena ke taaron mein
us veena ke taaron mein
aisi ?? bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale
aisa sansaar bana de
bana de
bana de re
sansaar banaane waale

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re

इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक प्रेम भरी दुनिया हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
इक हल्का फुल्का मन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
अरमानों में जीवन हो
हल्का सा
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
हल्का सा ?? ?? हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
मैं हूँ मेरा साजन हो
और गाढ़ा से बंधन हो
उस बंधन के धागों में
प्यारा सा प्यार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले

मन साजन की गोदी में
मन साजन की गोदी में
आशा ?? ?? जगी हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
मीठे मीठे
मीठे स्वर में
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
सुख की वीणा बजती हो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
दुनिया हो
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
दुनिया होकर मतवाली
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
प्रीतम प्रीतम भजती हो
उस वीणा के तारों में
ऐसी ?? बना दे
बना दे
बना दे रे
संसार बनाने वाले
ऐसा संसार बना दे
बना दे
बना दे re
संसार बनाने वाले

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3999 Post No. : 15096 Movie Count :

4144

Today’s song is from an obscure film – ‘Jeb Katra’ aka ‘Pick Pocket’ aka ‘Girahkat’. The film may be obscure, but the song is extremely melodious and it is a pleasure to listen to such a song. I have liked it very much. The film was produced by actress-singer Brijmala’s home production Brij Prakash Productions. Looking at the cast of film and its director, it seems to be a stunt film. It was advertised as a Social Stunt film – whatever that means. To me it was like saying ‘a religious murder mystery film’ !

I have seen this film’s advertisements in the Jan and Feb 1946 issues of magazine Film India. In the Jan issue the lyricist is given as Shams Lucknowi and the composer as Bashir Khan Dehalvi. Next month – Feb – the ad says the lyricist is Ahsan Rizvi and MD is Nisar Bazmi.

The cast of the film was Navin Yagnik, Raj Rani, Samson, Ali, Radha, Habib, Sandow etc. The role of the ‘Pick Pocket’ was done by Samson, as mentioned on a photo of the film. The film was directed by Nari Ghadiyali- a veteran of C grade stunt films. Nari (Nariman) was a Parsee.

From the silent film era, Parsee community has been involved in film industry in different ways. In about every department of film making, there has been a Parsee, sometime somewhere. Parsee community is a very small entity. They never, even at their best times, exceeded a population of 3 lakhs in entire India. This is the only community which is truly a Minority community with just about 70000 people in entire India now. They have never ever asked for any reservation from the government. Parsees have significantly contributed to India’s industrial growth. Parsee greats like Tata, Godrej and Wadias have been extremely philanthropic too.

Parsees are mainly seen in Bombay and so it was no wonder that they joined the film industry, but a Parsee in Bengal has been a Pioneer in Cinema in the eastern India. JF Madon (1856 to 1923) had a roaring Parsee Theatre business in Bombay, but he shifted to Calcutta in 1902 and built an empire of Theatres and Cinema making. At one time the Madons had control on 127 Theatres in India. They made silent and talkie films in Bangla and Hindi. After his death, his third son JJ Madon took over. However, they closed their film business in 1937 and concentrated on their other interests like, imports, foods, pharma, insurance and real estate.

In Bombay, who can forget the contribution of Ardeshir Irani in starting the Talkie era with his ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 ? In the early era, many Parsees contributed to Hindi cinema like Homi Master, Sohrab Modi, Sarswati Devi, JBH and Homi Wadia, John Cawas etc. In later period, the Irani sisters (Honey, Daisy and Manaka), Aruna Irani, Shammi, Fali Mistry and many others contributed. Earlier, in the field of direction, there were two well known names- Aspi (Aspinder) Irani and Nari (Nariman) Ghadiyali. Aspy Irani had married actress Husn Banu and Nari Ghadiyali had married actress Pramila. Both worked for stunt films made by another Parsee group – Wadia Brothers. Today’s film is also directed by Nari Ghadiyali. He directed 25 films, starting with ‘Jungle King’ (1939) to ‘Murad’ (1961).

The hero of film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Navin Yagnik, who was frequently seen in  C grade action/stunt films. Such films were made with tight budgets by small producers and hence the actors did not earn much money. To earn more money, their endeavour used to be to get roles in social films or films of other genres, especially made by well known production houses. Their payments were much better and also timely. Thus Navin also worked in some social films made by big banners.

As such stunt films declined in the latter half of the 50s, compared to 30s and 40s, as many producers like the Wadias, Mohan Pictures etc. shifted their focus to social films. Similarly major stunt film actors like Master Vithal, Master Bhagwan, Baburao Pehelwan, Azim Bhai etc. started getting roles in social films. Recently, I found a reference to Navin Yagnik in the autobiography of Hansa Wadkar- ‘Sangte Aika’ (‘सांगते ऐका’)  roughly translated as ‘Listen, I tell you’. In it she said. . . “My hero in this film was one Navin Yagnik, a handsome boy from UP. He was very shy and after the shootings, he would quietly sit in one corner reading something. He never joined our drink parties, nor he participated in any other group activity. I was attracted towards him but he gave no response. He sent me invitation card of his marriage, when it was fixed.’  Navin Yagnik (3-10-1912 to 28-10-1977) worked only in 30 films from film ‘The Mill’ (1934) to ‘Bhagwat Mahima’ (1955).

The MD for film ‘Jeb Katra’ was Nisar Bazmi. He was one of those musicians who migrated to Pakistan much later after the partition. There is a general perception among Indians that all those who migrated to Pakistan had a tough time there and they died in poverty. While this is true in cases of many actors and actresses, the converse is true about music composers.

Music directors who were worthless, unknown and unsuccessful, who gave music to obscure of B and C grade films here, in India, prospered very well in Pakistan. Composers like GA Chishti, Nisar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Tufail Faruqui, Rashid Atre, Inaayat Hussain, Fateh Ali Khan, Inaayat Nath, Khursheed Anwar were not very famous or popular in India, but in Pakistan almost every musician from India became famous, popular and successful. For example, Nisar Bazmi gave music to 40 films (only 27 released) in India. They were mostly C grade films and most songs were forgotten here. Same person, in Pakistan gave music to almost 60 films, won several awards and became famous and successful. How this happened ? What is the mystery ?

To understand this we must know what happened in Pakistan after partition and how was their film and music industry. According to an article in Wiki, since 1947, Pakistan film and music industry underwent several changes. It is worth repeating here. The period is divided as following,

‘Due to shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene, the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to  Wiki, there are 7 ages in Pakistan film music –

  1. Independence and growth – 1947-1958
  2. The Golden Age of Pak Film Music –  1959 – 1977
  3. The Age of Disaster – 1977 – 1988 (Onslaught of VCR and brain drain to Bangladesh in 1971)
  4. Politics, Islamisation and Downfall – 1979 – 1987
  5. Collapse – 1988 – 2002
  6. Decline – 2002 – 2009
  7. New Wave and Hope – 2010 onwards’

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi migrated to Pakistan during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits. Let us see what happened to Nisar Bazmi in Pakistan. His last film in India was ‘Mister Toofan’, released in 1963. Nisar migrated to Pakistan in 1962. Producer Sibtain Fazli of Fazli brothers offered him first film ‘Aisa Bhi Hota Hai’. The music of this film became hit and very popular and there was no looking back for Nisar Bazmi. He gave music to 57 Pak films. He won Nigar Awards 7 times and also won ‘Pride of Performance’ award from the President.

His last film was in 1981. He came back to Karachi and started teaching aspiring singers, but only one of them became a famous singer. He regretted that the younger generation looked for quick money and did not put hard work. None of his 8 sons loved music. They all followed different avocations. In his later life he was famous for learning Quran by heart.

Bazmi sahib taught music to up-and-coming youngsters, but only Faisal Latif managed to become somewhat popular. When asked why his students like Shafiq-ur-Rehman, Tanveer Afridi, Shabana and Shazia Kausar are unable to reach the top, he said, “My job was to train them, which I did. Now it is up to the musicians to utilize them as I am sure they have the talent to be the best.” When asked if the youth (of Pakistan) are going in the right direction, Bazmi Sb felt that it was because of our youths’ lack of interest that our music is not what it used to be. “A youngster today doesn’t want to be taught like the legendary singers. His only interest is to become rich and famous in a short time, which is certainly the wrong way.”

Nisar Bazmi died on 22-3-2007 at Karachi.

Today’s song from film ‘Jeb Katra’ is an exceptionally melodious song comparable to any leading composer’s song in India. With such tunes in his repertoire, I wonder why Nisar bazmi could not gain fame here itself. Usually when the film is a failure, the music of that film does not reach more audience and hence does not get exposure to become popular. Of course there are songs which became popular from flop films also. After all, it is a matter of luck only.

Song – Chaandni Raaten Kya Huin (Jeb Katra) (1946) Singer – Zohrabai Ambaalewali, Lyrics – Ahsaan Rizvi, MD – Nisar Bazmi

Lyrics

chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten kya huin
sukh ke wo din guzar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
jee bhar ke hum hanse naache
aankhon mein aansoo bhar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
aisi buri hawa chali
aisi buri hawa chali
murjha gaye chaman ke phool
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
hasraten dil ki mit gayin
armaan saare mar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobhar hui hai zindagi
doobhar hui hai zindagi
marna bhi ho gaya kathin
doobne hum jahaan gaye
doobne hum jahaan gaye
dariya wahaan utar gaye
chaandni raaten
haaye
chaandni raaten

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें क्या हुईं
सुख के वो दिन गुज़र गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
जी भर के हम हँसे नाचे
आँखों में आँसू भर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
ऐसी बुरी हवा चली
मुरझा गए चमन के फूल
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
हसरतें दिल की मिट गईं
अरमां सारे मर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें

दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
दूभर हुई है ज़िंदगी
मरना भी हो गया कठिन
डूबने हम जहां गए
डूबने हम जहां गए
दरिया वहाँ उतर गए
चाँदनी रातें
हाए
चाँदनी रातें


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3995 Post No. : 15089

There will hardly be a person who has not seen film Mughal E Azam or heard about it. The film was famous and the man who made it – K.Asif – became known to all because of this film. However, K.Asif was not a prolific film maker. In reality, K.Asif (14-6-1922 to 9-3-1971) directed only two and half films. His first film was Phool-45, second was Mughal E Azam-60 and his last attempt was the unfinished film Love and God ( aka Kaiz and Laila)-1986. This film was released as an unfinished film by his kins on 27-5-1986, 15 years after K.Asif died. Asif had produced a film, ‘Hulchul-51’, but he did not direct it.

K.Asif first conceived the film Mughal E Azam in 1944, after reading a play on Emperor Akbar (1556-1605). The film changed its story, MD, cast etc, several times, from what was planned originally and subsequently, but the director remained the same – K.Asif. However, he made another film, Phool in 1945, in normal period of making a film. Asif was an extraordinary person. He was fond of dreaming big and doing it big. Accordingly, even in his first film Phool-45, he took 14 famous stars of those times in his film. By far, it must have been a true Multi-Star film in those days.

The cast of the film almost ran like a list of leading stars. It consisted of Veena, Sitara, Suraiya, Prithwiraj kapoor, Yaqub, Wasti, Mazhar, Ashraf khan, Durga Khote, Majid, M.Ismail, Dikshit, Agha, Jillobai etc etc. The film was produced by K.Abdulla, screenplay was by Kamaal Amrohi and the music by Ghulam Haider. The film was made under the banner of Famous Films, Bombay.

Today’s song is from film Phool-45.

During the decade of the 40s, the struggle for India’s Independence had also heated up. As England was engaged in the second world war, it was thought to be the right time to increase pressure on them, so that after the war, India could get its Independence. By those times, it was very well known that there would be a Partition and a Muslim nation ” Pakistan” would be created by dividing India.

With this background suddenly, making films on Muslim life and culture gained momentum. From 1940 to 1947 as many as 19 films on Muslim culture were made. They were, Paak daman-40, Qaidi-40, Muslim ka laal-41, Masoom-41, Bulbul E Baghdad-41, Fashio-43, Najma-43, Salma-43, Bade Nawab Sahab-44, Bhaijaan-44, Ismat-44, Phool-45, Humayun-13, Rehana-46, Dil-46, Arab ka Sitara-46, Alibaba-46, Shalimar-46, and Mulaqat-47.

Actress Veena was the Heroine in film Phool-45. How she came into films is an interesting story. Veena was born as Tajwar Sultana, on 4-7-1926, at Quetta in Baluchistan (now in Pakistan). Her father was in Railways, so he was transferred many times and her education was done at various places, including Delhi. After her Matriculation, she was sent to a women’s college, with Hostel, in Amritsar. In those days, her brother Shehzada Iftekhar was an assistant Cameraman at Northern India Studios, Lahore. This studio advertised for a Heroine, for their new Punjabi film ” Gawandi “.

A Bangali lecturer from Veena’s college had applied. A few days later, a team (including her brother) from Lahore came to interview her, but she was rejected as she did not know Punjabi well enough. Veena was very keen to apply, but her brother warned her about the family resistance. She prodded him to give her photo to the visitors. Seeing her photo, she was called to Lahore for screen Test. All this was without letting the family know.

One Saturday, Veena left for Lahore. Next day she gave the screen test, mouthing dialogues written by Wali Saheb. She was selected and offered the role. One of the producers- Sheth Kishorilal, suggested to change her name for the screen as Veena ( it was his daughter’s name) and she became Veena.

She completed film ‘Gawandi-42’, opposite Hero Shyam, in just one month and in the next one month, she did another film ‘ Ravi Paar-42’, opposite Hero S.D.Narang. All this was without family’s knowledge, but she was aware of the impending storm. She returned to college. News about her film work had already reached the college. She was thrown out of the college and the hostel for this.

When she returned home, as expected there was a great scene. She was scolded and locked in a room. Her family wanted to get her married, which she vehemently opposed. Her family went to the producers and demanded that the films be destroyed. Of course, this was was not accepted. Meanwhile, Veena had received film offers from Mazhar Khan, Mehboob, Bombay Talkies and Rajneet. She left her house with brother and reached Bombay. Mazhar khan paid her Rs.2000 per month with a Bungalow and a Car. She did her first Hindi film ” Yaad “-42. Then came Najma-43 from Mehboob, Rajputani-44 from Ranjit etc etc. She earned One lakh rupees per film.

Veena did about 100 Hindi films in her career, till she retired in 1983. Even after her husband, Al Nasir’s death in 1957, she continued to stay and work in India with her children. Veena died on 14-11-2004. ( adapted from her interview in Shama, November 1981. Thanks to book ” ye un dinon ki baat hai” by Yasir Abbasi).

Film Phool-45 was written by Kamaal Amrohi. It was a story of lasting love, bravery and faithfulness. The film was released in Roxy Theatre in Bombay and it became a hit. There were good reviews in media and even Baburao Patel of Film India appreciated the director K.Asif’s work. However, the music of Ghulam Haider was criticised. None of the songs became very popular.

The story of film Phool-45 revolved around two families. Safdar and Akhtar are brothers. Religious minded Safdar has a beautiful daughter Shama (Veena). Together they want to build a Mosque. Lazy brother Akhtar and his arrogant wife have two sons-Zahid and Sharif. They want that Shama should marry useless Zahid. Shama is in love with Dr. Saleem who is Akhtar’s nephew. Saleem (Prithwiraj) has a Hindu sister- Rekha (Suraiya), who was an orphan.

On the day of marriage of Saleem and Shama, Dr. Saleem has to leave on duty abroad. Shama’s father Safdar dies with this shock. Shama and Rekha become very close friends. Dr. Saleem is lured by dancer Laila (Sitara), but he declines. Laila uses a medicine, by which Saleem loses his memory.Now he joins Laila’s troupe and they visit many cities.

Once they arrive in a city, where Shama lives. On information from people about Saleem, she goes to meet him, but he does not recognise her due to loss of memory. Next day Saleem falls from the stage accidentally and his memory comes back. He leaves Laila and comes back to Shama. Saleem and Shama get united. The evil son Zahid is killed by lightening. All is well that ends well. ( adapted from the book,” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947, by Kamlakar Pasupuleti.)

Let us now listen to the chorus song. Lyricist’s name is not given in HFGK. Since the story, screenplay and dialogues are by Kamaal Amrohi, like the uploader-Sadanand Kamath ji, I too feel he must be the Lyricist also.


Song-Gori kar le ham se pyaar (Phool)(1945) MD-Ghulam Haider

Lyrics

Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
arararaarar
baalam se jab aankhen ho jaayen chaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

nainanwa mein neend lagi hai
man mein uthhe tarang
haan chori chori manwa khele
baalamwa ke sang
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

man ki beena baaj rahi hai
goonj uthhe sab taar
chauraahe par khadi jawaani
arararara
le phoolon ke haar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

raat suhaani bhari jawaani
masti ki rut aayi
haan chanda se mukhde par kaahe
ghor badariya chhaayi
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

roopnagar ki raani aayi
kar solah singaar
ang ang se joban barse
ararararara
nainan barse pyaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3994 Post No. : 15087

Today’s song is from film Naiya-1947. This social film was made by Mohan Pictures of Ramniklal Shah, which normally made C grade stunt films. The director was Aslam Noori and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast of the film included Mazhar khan, Munawar Sultana, Ashraf khan, Anwar, Shehzadi, Suman, Balakram, Siraz etc etc. The film had 6 songs listed in HFGK, with record numbers. However it also indicates that there could be 3 more songs, about which no information is available. Lyricist’s name is not mentioned in HFGK,but I find that moviepedia.in mentions name of Aslam Noori – the director as its Lyricist also.

Though 1947 was an year of turmoil due to Partition, it is in this year that a Record production of films was registered, with 181 Hindi films in 1947 alone. This record took another 47 years to get broken, when in 1988, as many as 185 Hindi films were made.( ref: Film Index by Harmandir ji ).

It was also that due to Partition, many Muslim composers like G A Chishti aka Babaji, Ghulam Haider, Firoz Nizami, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. shifted their base to the new country Pakistan. Some of them continued to visit India and do films, for few more years, on and off. Lyricists like Wahzad Lucknowi and Tanvir Naqvi etc, Singers like Nurjehan, Khurshid, and some actors and actresses too migrated to Pakistan. However, their void was filled up, when younger and talented second line of artistes took over and India did not suffer much.

MDs like Sardar Malik and Ramprasad made their debut, as did lyricists Shakeel Badayuni and Rajendra Krishna in 1947. Asha ( in a chorus), M S Subbulaxmi also debuted this year. Films Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard and Shehnai saw lasting music getting created in them.

The film industry got a shock in early 1947 with Saigal’s death. Alongwith movies with memorable music, we also had Films like Naiya, whose songs failed to make their mark. The movie “Naiyya” came and went almost unnoticed at the box office.

Artistes leaving one country and migrating to another can be understood, because they continue same work in the new place too. But ever thought what must artistes, who retire or leave films, be doing in their after – life ? One day this question came to my mind and I started thinking. The simple answer was that if it was a woman, she would look after her family and be a housewife, and if it was a man, either he would spend life as a retired person or die in penury. I decided to find out if there was any other way people did spend their balance life.
I found at least 4 cases where people who left this industry midway, did something unusual.

The first case is that of an actor called SHASHI KAPOOR. No-No, he is not that Shashi Kapoor, who was famous actor of the 60s and 70s, who acted in films like Deewar, Dharmaputra, Trishul and many films with Nanda and Sharmila and who was the younger brother of Raj kapoor and Shammi Kapoor.

This actor’s name was Shashi chand F. Kapoor. He acted in the 40s and 50s mainly as a child actor. He acted in 21 films in all. His last film was Bhagwat Mahima-1955. He left films, though in demand and pursued studies. He did B.Sc, M.Sc, LL.B. and taught in Wilson and Kirti colleges, Bombay, and also did work in S.B.I. Then he went to USA for further studies, did his Ph.D. from Michigan University. He worked as faculty member of Michigan University from 1967 to 1998. Then he retired and remained in USA. Sometime back, he gave interviews on Cineplot and Maitri Manthan sites.

The second case is of a Music Director-Mukund Rai Trivedi, who was one of the RAI-FRANK jodi of composers. They together gave music to film GOGOLA-1964. Mukund Rai soon realised that his choice of career was wrong and he left. He joined his family business of Mining in Balaghat-MP and became a very rich and powerful person.

The third case is of ARJUN BAKSHI who was Hero of Malhar-51. He acted in some more films, then wrote screenplays and then left films. He shifted to Canada and opened a Music Shop.

The fourth case is very strange !

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the period of 30s to 50s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first time written a short note about him somewhere 7 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog, I first learnt the details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanva aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how Ashraf Khan progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore in 1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepard boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati drama company was stationed in a near by bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he is willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betal leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhan in two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience in stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more then two dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that when ever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors foot ware was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dharoji in Gujarat he returned to the Durgah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharief ( the eleventh month of Islamic calender ). He lied down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he is narrating verses from Ayat Sherief. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bed side reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that where ever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sherief, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sherief and Darood Sherief . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was some thing strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incidence. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at a place which is located on the highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 30 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baagbaan 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, and President of S.I.R.C., Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later period he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year an Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come.

Truly, reality is stranger than fiction, indeed !

Another interesting name in the list of the cast of film Naiya-47 is that of Shiraj or Master Shiraj. He was one of the most popular and very famous Hero in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song from film Naiya-47 is a typical old time style song. Nothing special about the song, but the singer was special.


Song-Siyaram ram Siyaram(Naiyya)(1947) Singer- Ashraf Khan, Lyricist- Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona aa
Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

tod ke naata maat pita khud
chita maan chola rakh diya aaj
Siyaram ram
Siyaram

raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
raam
siyaram
raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
sumran kar man raam ka naam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram

mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain aen
mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram

kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
kaunn bharam maan aan
kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
aise bharam ko sau parnaam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram

Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3968 Post No. : 15050 Movie Count :

4128

Today’s song is from film Ghar ki shobha-1944.

The history of Hindi Film Music (HFM) begins with the very first Talkie ” Alam Ara”-1931, in which there were 7 songs. Madan Theatres, Calcutta, Krishna Cinetone, Bombay and few other production houses were busy hectically in 1931, to release their First Talkie film, ahead of all others. Lucky Ardeshir Irani got the cake and released his film Alam Ara before all others and engraved his name in the history of Hindi and Indian talkies. Music and singing being an integral part of the Talkie films, many musicians were attracted to films. Stage and Drama musicians and some classical singers joined films and gave music in them. In those days, Film music was totally influenced by Gujarati, Parsee and Marathi stage and Drama music (Natya Sangeet). Probably no one ever imagined that there was a need for a different approach to Cine Music.

For the first 9-10 years of Hindi films, i.e. 1931 to almost 1940,there was virtually no change in the music pattern or the singing styles of songs in films. By the end of the 30s, playback technique was gaining a foothold. This system actually freed the Cinema from songs sung by film stars who were no singers at all ! Genuine, independent, non-star singers were now available to give playback. This was the case in the western India or Bombay made films. The Eastern centre of Hindi film making-Calcutta was strictly following Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti, adapted into Hindi film songs. They also used more pure Hindi words like Preet, Prem, Bandhan, Milan, Sangam, Vyatha etc to appeal to Hindi belt audience.

Beginning of the change came from the far off Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholi’s “Khazanchi”-41 introduced for the first time the Punjabi folk tunes music in the voice of a New singer SHAMSHAD BEGUM. The use of Dholak and Punjabi robust rhythm in songs was tried by the composer Master Ghulam Hyder. This path breaking,new type of Music was received by the audience with great joy and love, all over India. With this was ushered in the VIBRANT changes HFM was to undergo in the 5th decade,i.e. from 1941 to 1949.

This was also the time when the old batch of actors, singers and composers were slowly getting replaced by a newer crop of artistes. Phirozshah Mistry, Master Ali Baksh, Jaddanbai,Lallubhai Nayak, Pransukh Nayak, Brijlal Verma, Nagardas Nayak, Sunderdas Bhatiya, Govindrao Tembe, Keshvrao Bhole, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, master Mohammed, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, B S Hoogan, Meer Sahab, Damodar Sharma, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, S P Rane, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Annasaheb Mainkar, Dada Chandekar, Mushtaq Hussain, Master Chhaila etc were disappearing one by one.

A new set of composers and singers like Anil Biswas, Ashok Ghosh, C.Ramchandra, Ghulam Hyder, Sajjad Hussain, Naushad, K.Datta, Govind Ram, Pt. Amarnath, Husnalal Bhagatram, Khemchand Praksah,Khursheed Anwar, Nissar Bazmi, Vinod, A R Qureshi, Saraswati devi, Bulo c Rani, Gyan Dutt etc were taking over from the old guards.

These new entrants brought with them melodious tunes and music from Goa, UP, Rajasthan, Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kashmir etc and their experimentation truly enriched the HFM making it a genuinely All India music.

In the 40s, the HFM became absolutely VIBRANT. The new composers with new ideas and hard work tried to understand what the audience wanted. In other words,we can say that hitherto the film music was ” Sales Oriented ” (selling what you produce) till the 30s decade, but the 40’s music was ” Market oriented” (producing what the audience wants). Now, there was a fair and healthy competition and a wide variety in music. The composers too had new singers who were trained and had a singing voice and talent, unlike the earlier ‘Untrained forced singers’. Naushad Ali had once said,’’ The coming of Rafi and Lata liberated we composers from the painful task of making the ‘musically illiterate’ actors and actresses.” Thus Ashok kumar,Leela Chitnis and the likes of them were left alone to concentrate on their acting,while the trained singers sang for them.

New and exclusive playback singers like Amirbai, Zohrabai, Kalyanibai, Rajkumari Mohantara, Shamshad, lalita Deulkar, G M Durani, Rafi etc became popular. Actually, the lead actors now started deciding who should sing their songs. This paved the way for stars to become powerful in coming period.

Like Music, the type of cinema stories too started changing. The Fantasy, Stunt, Mythological, Historical, Religious and Costume dramas gave way to Love stories, Musicals. Family dramas, Comedy, Crime stories…so on and so forth. Overall, the cinema industry was going through a overhauling. However, the winds of Independence, after the world war put a brake to these changes. 1945 to 1950 was a period of turmoil and matters settled fully with the advent of the new decade of the 50’s.

In this change over, here was a film discussing the problems of a Happy Home. Ghar ki Shobha-1944 was a film which stressed the importance and need of the capable housewife who was an ” Adarsh” Bahu, Bibi, Mother and everything else the society needed !

The main players in this family drama were, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata, Jagdish Sethi, Dixit, Fazlu, Ramesh Saigal etc etc. The film was directed by Harshadrai Mehta- who became a well known director in Tamil films of Madras, later. Ramesh Saigal assisted him in direction. Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta

was a Pioneer Hindi and Tamil director born in Mota, Bardoli Dist., Gujarat. Started as a painter, editor and cameraman at Kohinoor (1919), but made his début for Krishna Film (Ver Ni Vasulat). At Krishna he began his association with long-time partner and cameraman Luhar (e.g. Be Din Ni Badshahi, Amar Asha) making melodramas often starring the Anglo-Indian star Ermeline. Best-known film of this period is Janjirne Jankare, the much-acclaimed Rajput romance scripted and shot by Luhar. Made his most influential films with the famous Mehta- Luhar Prod. set up in 1931 with Bapubhai Desai and the informal support of the Sharda Studio. Made several Sharda-type stunt movies featuring e.g. Navinchandra. Moved to Coimbatore’s Premier Cinetone (1937) and made a number of Tamil films.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not helpDewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Ustad Alla Rakha aka A R Qureshi ( 29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000) gave music to this film. Having started only in 1943 with Mahasati Anusuya, film Ghar ki shobha-44 was his only the second film as an MD. So his music sounds fresh. After you hear today’s song, you will agree with me. He gave music to 40 films, composing 356 songs. He also sang 14 songs in 7 films.

In the cast of this film, there was one fading actor – Dixit, from the Dixit and Ghori pair of that era. The projected themselves on the lines of Laurel and Hardy…Hardy being our Dixit. Later, Yaqub and Gope triede to project their image as Laurel and Hardy and still later Johar and Majnu tried to copy Bob Hope and Bing Crosby of Hindi cinema ! Let’s take a look at Dixit and Ghory- a very popular comedy pair of early cinema.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal,Do badmash,Bhola shikar,Bhool bhulaiya,Vishwamohini,nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle aap-44,Jeevan yatra-46,Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available.In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film.Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960, without much success. He died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. Note the type of music and tune. With this song, film Ghar ki Shobha-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Main duniya ki raani (Ghar Ki Shobha)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Roopbani, MD- Alla Rakha Qureshi
unknown male voice

Lyrics

Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
firti hoon mauj manaati
firti hoon mauj manaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
karti hoon main manmaani
karti hoon main manmaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
aazaadi ki deewaani
aazaadi ki deewaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

meri laila jaisi aankhen
meri laila jaisi aankhen
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
zulfen to mast jawaani
zulfen to mast jawaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
patthar dil kar doon paani
patthar dil kar doon paani
haay haay laila
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3966 Post No. : 15047 Movie Count :

4127

Today’s song is from film Bachpan-1945.

In the history of Hindi movies, there have been three films that had the title viz “Bachpan”. The first was of course Bachpan-1945, today’s film under discussion. The next one was made in 1963, in which Salim Khan- father of Salman khan and a member of the famous writer jodi of Salim-Jawed, was the Hero – opposite Menaka Irani. She was the eldest sister of the famous child stars Honey and Daisy Irani. She was also the wife of stunt film actor and director Kamran Khan. Their children are Choreographer and director Farah Khan and Compere cum director Sajid Khan. Incidentally Mrs. P.N.Irani was the mother of these Irani sisters and also the one who took away all their earnings.

The third film was made in 1970, with Sanjeev kumar and Tanuja.

Film Bachpan-45 had a cast consisting of Baby Madhuri, Mazhar Khan, Baby Shakuntala, B.Nandrekar, Chandraprabha, comedian Dikshit, Gulab, Dalpat, Shashi kapoor(sr.) and others. There were two actresses with prefix Baby, but only one Baby Madhuri had the main child role throughout the film. The other Baby-Shakuntala had a role of an invalid child, stuck to the wheelchair only.

Baby Maduri,whose real name was Mah Laqa, was the daughter of M. Ali Baksh,M.D. and Iqbal begum,a cine artiste. In other words Baby Madhuri was the youngest sister of actress Meena Kumari and her sister actress Khurshid Jr. Born in a family of film people,Baby Madhuri was good at acting and singing. She was picked up by Director Nazir of Hind Pictures and took her for his film ‘ Sandesa ‘. ( He is the same Nazir,whose first wife was Sitara Devi. He was the maternal Uncle of K. Asif ( Mughal-e-Azam fame ) i.e. Mama. He later divorced Sitara devi ( actually,she had eloped with k.Asif ) and married Swarnalata and both migrated to Pakistan. Nazir’s studio was burnt during the communal riots in Bombay. Author Manto has detailed all this in his book. )

In Wadia’s film Vishwas-43, the talents of Baby Madhuri in acting and singing flowered and she was appreciated much. Then she acted and sang some songs in films like Anjaan,Jungle princess,Muqabala,Ekta(sindhi),Andhera,Mahatma Vidur,paraya Dhan,Bachpan,Nai maa etc etc.

She was also called as Madhu. She was married to actor Mehmood. She was very fond of new fashions and western clothes. Due to this, she became a cleptomaniac and was caught many times stealing things and shop lifting. She knew Riding,cycling and swimming too. She spoke good English,though not much educated.( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji for info on Baby Madhuri).

Now let us see about the other ‘Baby’ of this film. Right from beginning of the films,child artistes were required to do roles in the films. In the initial stages and also in later periods too, girls used to do Boys’roles ( but never heard of vice versa ! ). We have the famous examples of Honey and Daisy Irani sisters. Many child stars acted in films till they became older or were not suitable for child roles. One such example was Junior Mehmood. It was quite natural that most of them wanted to continue acting in films as an adult too and many tried to become hero/ heroines. Unfortunately, only some of them could shine as heroes or heroines, while most child stars failed as adult Hero/Heroines.

Successful child artistes are few like Meena Kumari, Madhubala,Nargis, Shashi kapoor, Sachin etc, but you can count them on fingers, whereas the list of unsuccessful child artistes who tried to become adult Hero/Heroines is quite long.

Unlike Baby Tabassum, who could not become a successful adult Heroine in good films, there was another ‘Baby’who became quite successful as an adult Heroine opposite well known actors under famous banners and left halfway due to her marriage. Her name is BABY SHAKUNTALA.

Baby Shakuntala was born in a middle class Maharshtrian family of Poona, on 17-11-1932. Those days Prabhat film company had moved to Poona. One of the Prabhat founder partners, Mr. V.G.Damle was their close relative. Along with other children, she too used to go to Prabhat premises for playing there She was 8 to 10 year old when V.Shantaram spotted her and offered a role in film, ‘Das Baje’-42 ( Daha Wajta, in Marathi). The hero’s younger brother’s role was changed to Hero’s sister’s role for accommodating her in the film.

It was a routine matter at Prabhat that for child roles in all films, the children of the partners of Prabhat( Shantaram,Damle,Kulkarni,Fatehlal and Dhaiber) or near relatives were taken. In film Sant Tukaram or other films of Prabhat, all child artistes were from within the Prabhat family only. Shakuntala was very good in studies.She used to get up at 4 am. do school studies, then do household chores, attend school and lastly attend shootings.

Das baje was a hit film. Then came ‘Ramshastri’-44 ( Bilingual-H/M ) meanwhile Shantaram and others left Prabhat and moved to Bombay. After that her work too shifted to Bombay. Due to these changes, she could study only upto Matriculation. But she was proficient in English, Marathi, Hindi/Urdu, Gujarati and Kannada. At the time of shooting for film ‘Shikayat’-48, actor Shyam made her his “Mooh Boli”sister and till he died in an accident he was very close to her.

In 1949, she was 17 year old and she became a heroine in film “Maya bazaar”-49 opposite Balakram. Then came a string of films. She worked with well known actors like Kishore kumar, Bharat Bhooshan,Karan Dewan,Amarnath,Anant Marathe,Master Bhagwan, Abhi bhattachrya etc. She was also luck to have worked under ace directors like V.Shantaram, Bimal Roy,Homi Wadia, kishore Sahu, Raja nene, Gajanan Jahagirdar,Shahid lateef etc. This enriched the depth of her acting.

Kishore Kumar was her Hero in films like, Chham Chhama Chham- 52, fareb-53 and Lehren-53. They had a good tuning like a naughty brother and sister. once kishore kumar surprised her by visiting her in her Kolhapur house ( after her marriage) and spent one day with her family. The famous kishore Kumar- Lata mangeshkar song “aa muhabbat ki basti basayenge hum” from film Fareb-53 was filmed on kishore and Shakuntala only.

Lot of marriage proposals started coming for her and she finally was married in 1954 to Sardar Nadgonde of Kolhapur, a Royal family. After marriage she left films, though she had good demand and became Mrs. Umadevi Nadgonde. She had a son and a daughter. She lived a contented life of 82 years and died recently on 18-1-2015, at Kolhapur.

She had acted in almost 40 Hindi films ( including bi-lingual) and 20 Marathi films from 1942 to 1954. She also acted in famous Marathi dramas on commercial stage. 14 of her films celebrated silver Jubilees. Some of her films were- Das baje-42, Ramshastri-44,Piya Milan-45, Taramati-45, Bachpan-45, Bachhon ka khel-46 ( with Meena kumari), Phir bhi apna hai-46Moti-47, Tohfa-47, Shikayat-48, Seeta Swayamvar-4, maya bazaar-49,, kamal ke Phool-50, Pardes-50,Malti madhav-51 Nanhe Munne-52, Chham chhama chham-52, fareb-53, Lehren-53, Jhamela-53, bhagyawaan-53, Biraj bahu-54, pooja-54, Bindiya-55 etc. ( Bio based on her interview in ” chanderi Aathavani ” by Sulabha Ternikar and material provided by shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji, with Thanks.)

Film India magazine was quite popular in the 40s and the 50s. In its June-1946 issue, the editor Baburao Patel has reviewed this film. As per his judgement, the film was no good. Its story (story, dialogues and songs by I.C.Kapoor) had no life and the director Homi Wadia had spoiled the film by his inept handling and direction. No wonder. Baburao patel rarely praised any film,director or an actor, so this review was on expected lines only.
The film was based onthe ” theme of innocence teaching bitter experience to look at life with a smiling understanding” according to Patel. The story of the film was…

Bhairav (Mazhar Khan) is fed up of life, because his son married outside their cast and all his society criticized him no end. He became very bitter in life and lived in a house on top of a mountain- away from society. He is feared by the villagers around. One of his relatives (Kanta Kumari) sends her niece Madhu (Baby Madhuri) to live with him. Over a period, due to the good and helping nature of optimistic smiling Madhu, Bhairav starts changing and becoming a normal person.

Suddenly, the aunt kidnaps Madhu and sells her as a companion to a rich invalid kamla(Baby Shakuntala). Here too, Madhu wins everyone’s hearts. Envied by this, the Governess (Gulab) of kamla kidnaps Madhu. Meanwhile, Bhairav is also searching Madhu. He rescues her, but the Police detain him and Madhu in the Police station. The village school Teacher Ramesh(B.Nandrekar) and his beloved(Chandraprabha) give positive evidence and Bhairav and Madhu are released. All ends well in the end.

The role of teacher Ramesh was done by B.Nandrekar. This name must be totally unknown to the new generation readers. B.Nandrekar or babasaheb Nandrekar was one of the very few really handsome actors Hindi films ever had. He was born in 1910, in Sangli district of Maharashtra, near Kolhapur. Being a Muslim, he could speak Urdu/Hindi fluently. He completed his schooling from Kolhapur and joined films. Vishnupant Damle (one of the founder partners of Prabhat Films) was making silent film ‘Maharathi Karna’ (1928) for Maharashtra Film Co. He offered Nandrekar a role. Then he worked in other films like ‘Baji Prabhu Deshpande’ (1929), ‘Lanka’ (1930), ‘Kismet’ (1931) and ‘Dushman Ki Raat’ (1931).
His first talkie film was ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933). Prabhat gave him a role in ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1936) (its Hindi version came in 1948). He worked in ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936) and became quite popular as a hero, opposite Shanta Apte. He was hero in ‘Baghbaan’ (1938) opposite Sitara Devi.

In 1939, he became the first actor to go abroad to shoot scenes in film ‘Africa In Hind’ – ‘हिन्द में अफ्रीका’ (1939). The shooting was done in Africa. Thus this became the first ever Hindi film to shoot in foreign country, and NOT film ‘Naaz’ (1954), as is popularly believed and also as mentioned in HFGK. Nandrekar had become very popular. The chappals he used in film ‘Baghbaan’ became fashionable by the name ‘Nandrekar Chappals‘. This alone is enough to prove his popularity.

His law suit against Prabhat Film Company was a topic of discussion in the industry. There were differences between him and Prabhat over his contract with them. His lawyers were Mr. Jinnah and Mr. Setalwad, who won the case for him. He was also the first actor to work as a freelancer.

Nandrekar appeared in 23 Hindi films. His films were ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933), ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936), ‘Jaadugarin’ (1937) (UR), ‘Baghbaan’ (1938), ‘Africa In Hind’ (1939), ‘Qaidi’ (1940), ‘Hindustan Hamara’ (1940), ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940), ‘Chitralekha’ (1941), ‘Mamaji’ (1942), ‘Duniya Tumhari Hai’ (1942), ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943), ‘Andhi Duniya’ (1943), ‘Swarn Bhoomi’ (1944), ‘Lady Doctor’ (1944), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Bachpan’ (1945), ‘Kamla’ (1946), ‘Jeevan Sikho’ (1946), ‘Parshuram’ (1947), ‘Meri Amaanat’ (1947), ‘Khandani’ (1947), ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) and last film ‘Bihari’ (1948).

He passed away in 1949. No definite information is available about his demise.

With today’s song, film Bachpan-1945 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Bole re panchhi bole (Bachpan)(1945) Singers-Unknown female voice, unknown male voice, Lyrics- I C Kapoor, MD- S N Tripathi
Both

Lyrics

Bole re panchhi bole
Bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
Bole re panchhi bole

ambuwa pe baithha shor machaaye
ambuwa pe baithha shor machaaye
suno jee
haan
chhota sa dil mera
chhota sa dil
chhota sa dil mera ghabra jaaye
dole re dil mera dole
dole re dil mera dole
bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
Bole re panchhi bole

teri jawaani meri jawaani
teri jawaani meri jawaani
kehta hai wo to yehi kahaani
kehta hai wo to yehi kahaani
????

hmm
dinon ke ?? soye
?? soye

bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
panchhi to hai naadaan saanwariya
panchhi to hai naadaan saanwariya
patton ke bhi hai jaan saanwariya
baat wo ho bole haule
baat wo ho bole haule
sono je
hmm
?? uski bala se
?? uski bala se
karta hai wo to baat hawa se
jee mein jo aaye wo bole
jee mein jo aaye wo bole

bole re panchhi bole
bole re panchhi bole


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3964 Post No. : 15046 Movie Count :

4126

 

Today’s song is from an obscure film ‘Ye hai Zindagi’ from 1947.

Very few people must have heard about this film. That is probably because, it was made in 1947- the year of India’s Partition. As the year 1947 began, news was circulating about the partition. Like many other industries, film industry was also worried. There was an air of uncertainty. Who will stay and who will migrate was hotly debated in the privacy of homes, studios and clubs. People looked at each others with suspicion. Muslims were worried about their safety in India, in spite of the assurances by Gandhi and Nehru.

Crores of rupees were invested in films. After the second world war started in 1939, lot of black money was generated and much of it came into film industry. Investors, financiers and producers were worried about half made films. Everybody seemed to be in a hurry to finish his assignment on hand. Due to this, the quantity of films increased, sadly at the cost of quality. 1947 saw a record number of films made in 1947- 181 Hindi films, the highest ever since films were made. It took another 40 years to break this record in 1988, when 185 films were made.

Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time.Films like ‘Aisa Kyun’, ‘Atom Bomb’, ‘Barrister’, ‘Beete Di’n, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahaas’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Daulat Ke Liye’, ‘Extra Girl’, ‘Farz’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Gudiya’, ‘Heera’, ‘Janata’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Khandaani’, ‘Lalat’, ‘Manmaani’, ‘Mere Bhagwan’, ‘Mohan’, ‘Nai Baat’, ‘Pehla Pyar’, ‘Paro’, ‘Riwaaz’, ‘Shabari’, ‘Shahkaar’, ‘Tohfa’, ‘Toote Dil’, ‘Veerangana are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, ‘Mohan’ had Dev Anand as hero, ‘Lalat’ was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in ‘Chandrahaas’ etc.

Not that ALL films were bad. Certainly some famous and excellent films providing some milestones of Hindi cinema  were also made in 1947, like ‘Aapki Sewa Mein’ (first Hindi playback song of Lata Mangeshkar), ‘Bela’ (all 10 songs by Zohrabai Ambalawali), ‘Dard’ (Debut song of Uma Devi), ‘Elaan’ (a bold Muslim social film by Mehboob Khan), ‘Jugnu’ (the only film of Dilip kumar and Noorjehan), ‘Meera’ ( all 18 songs by MS Subbulaxmi), ‘Mirza Sahibaan’ (last film of Noorjehan in India), ‘Neel Kamal’ (debut of Raj kapoor and Madhubala as lead pair), ‘Parwana’ (last film of KL Saigal), ‘Shaadi Se Pehle’ (first duet of Rafi and Lata) and ‘Shehnai’ (epoch making music by C Ramchandra).

Nevertheless partition did have an impact on the film industry, due to the migration of artistes from both countries. LAHORE, an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major film making centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there.

Film ‘Ye Hai Zindagi’ (1947) was made in Lahore by Narang Productions – owned by SD Narang, actor, producer, director, studio owner, writer and lyricist too. The life story of Narang is simply fascinating. To know that such a highly qualified and educated person worked in films is in itself unbelievable. Here is his life story.

Here is a story which is stunning and unbelievable ! A young man was born on 18-6-1918, at Lyallpur, Punjab. He studied hard and got high education. First he did B.Sc., then completed M.B.B.S. and became a medical doctor. Later he submitted a thesis and got his Ph.D. All this from Lahore Medical College. He also wrote some research papers and 2 books. With this sparkling education, he could have had a luxurious living, but he chose to join the uncertain film world. True to his wont, he succeeded here too and became a hero, producer, director, studio owner, a lyricist and a writer.

Yes, in the early era of the late 30s,when educated people were a rarity, this highly qualified young man came into films. His name was SATYA DEV NARANG or simply, SD Narang (18-6-1918 to 25-1-1986 ). Here are some highlights of his life, adapted from site sdnarangsfan.com,

  1. During his life, from 1918 to 1986, he had served the Indian Film Industry, at three capitals of this industry, Lahore (1936 to 1946), Kolkatta (1947 to 1951) and Bombay (1952 to 1980), as hero, producer, director, writer and studio owner.
  2. He had the distinction of being the highest educated man in the film industry. He was B.Sc., M.B.B.S and Ph. D from Lahore Medical College.
  3. He had the credit of being the debut making leading man of ‘Khazaanchi’ which was the first Indian film to celebrate the Platinum Jubilee.
  4. He was the youngest leading man in Lahore, who played the lead in ‘Khazaanchi’, ‘Raavi Paar’, ‘Zamindar’, ‘Patwaari’, ‘Gawaandi’, ‘Thekedar’, ‘Sahara’, ‘Ye Hai Zindagi’ (his first venture as producer-director) and ‘Kamini’.
  5. In Kolkotta he produced ‘Chittagong Armoury Raid’, which was India’s ‘First Revolutionary Film’. He also produced ‘Nai Bhabhi’, ‘Ek Raat’,  ‘Aprajitha’, and ‘Chiner Putuland’, and also played the leading roles in these films. Apart from his own movies, he played the lead in ‘Iran Ki Ek Raat’ and ‘Kajari’, which were produced by outside producers.
  6. After partition, he had to leave Lahore, like a refugee, leaving all his assets and immovable property behind him. With his hard work and experience once again he was able to establish himself as the hero, producer, director, writer and studio owner at Delhi. But the studio proved disaster in disguise for him. Being a soft hearted person, he was giving credit to the producers, who used to shoot their films in his studio. They duped him and he had to suffer heavy losses. With this bitter experience he left the city  and entered the City of Dreams and the capital of entertainment, Bombay, in 1952.
  7. Being a passionate movie maker, SD Narang was able to get himself settled in Bombay, within a very short span of time. He had already dedicated himself for the service of silver screen. Once again he arose alive from his own ashes, like a phoenix.
  8. He made his presence felt in a big way in the big City of Bombay.
    He produced and directed many films with big stars. In ‘Tanhaai’ and ‘Darbaan’ he played the leading role himself. Some of the important films produced by him in Mumbai include, ‘Arab Ka Saudagar’, ‘Yahudi Ki Ladki’, ‘Dilli Ka Thug’, ‘Sagaai’, ‘Babul Ki Kaliyan’, ‘Do Thug’, ‘Ram Kasam’, ‘College Girl’, ‘Do Ustad’, ‘Kismatwala’ and ‘Nishaanebaaz’. He had also produced ‘Shehnai’, which was India’s first Air-Force film.
  9. He was also the producer of ‘Bombay Ka Chor’, which was India’s first ‘Holiday-on-Ice’ movie.
  10. He has also the credit of producing India’s first under-water movie, ‘Anmol Moti’ – a Jeetendra and Rekha starrer.
  11. The movie maker with Midas touch, Dr. SD Narang, had spent his 50 golden years of his cinematic profession, in the service of Silver Screen (1936-86).
  12. Before venturing into film industry as the leading man, SD Narang, had an aptitude for research and while studying in Lahore Medical College, he did research on ‘Binocular Theory Of Vision’, which was published in his college Magazine. He bagged the Ph. D and became the Doctor of Philosophy, though he was already a Doctor of Medicine.
  13. Apart from being the author of a novel ‘Hippy Aur Yogi and ‘Human Psychology, he had written a most praiseworthy book, ‘An Introduction To The Theory Of Bio-Economics’. It was actually a new approach to diagnosis and cure of inflation and poverty. If applied this theory on  present global financial crisis, it can change face of fiscal fate of the world.
  14. In 1960 he got married to  actress of his time Smriti Biswas, with whom he had played the lead in many films. After her marriage she stopped to sign new films, and decided to play the roles of faithful wife and caring mother. She preferred to prepare food for his beloved sons Rajiv Narang and Satyajeet Narang.

The cast of this film consisted of M Ismail, Kalavati, Begum Parveen, Roofi, Abu Shah, MA Mirza, Bina, Ibrahim, Narang and others. Most of these migrated to Pakistan. The hero of the film was M Ismail.

M.Ismail was born in 1902 in a jeweller family of Lahore.  He was a very good designer and calligrapher.

M. Ismail was a resident of the Inner Bhati Gate in Lahore. Well built and fair complexioned, Ismail had blue eyes, and was quite attractive. Mian Abdul Rasheed Kardar (the famous AR Kardar), also belonged to the same area in Lahore. M Ismail used to work as a golden calligrapher, while Kardar was involved in sketching and illustration.

They went to Bombay in 1927, and according to Ismail, he and Kardar played the role of Kaedoo and side hero respectively, in Imperial Company’s ‘Heer Ranjha’. But conditions weren’t helpful, and the two young men had to return to Lahore. Fortunately, for them, during 1928, Premier Film Company started a film called ‘Daughters Of Today’. Both Kardar and Ismail were inducted into the cast, but the film remained incomplete.

Later, Kardar learned production and became well known as a brilliant technician. Kardar established his own film making firm in 1930, called United Players Corporation, and cast Ismail in his early silent movies like ‘Mysterious Eagle’ aka ‘Husn Ka Daku’, which also had Kardar in a central role. Others in the cast were Gulzar Begum, Ghulam Qadir, Ahmed Deen and an American actress, Aeris Crawford. Ismail also acted in Kardar’s film, ‘Safdar Jang’, and both these early silent films were very successful. This led Kardar to cast him in ‘Shepherd King’ (‘Gadarya’) and ‘Golden Dagger’ (‘Sunehri Khanjar’). In those days, every film used to have an English title and an Urdu one.

After ‘Alam Ara’ (1931) opened the way for talkies, Ismail became even more popular. In Kardar’s ‘Hoor e Punjab’, an adaptation of Heer Ranjha, Ismail again played the role of Kaedoo, the intriguing ice uncle of Heer, which he repeated yet again later, in film ‘Heer Siyal’, with his characteristic style. His other films in India include ‘Alif Laila’, ‘Dekha Jaega’, ‘Mast Faqeer’, ‘Raja Gopi Chand’, ‘Prem Pujari’, ‘Watan Parast’, ‘Sohni Mahiwal’, ‘Laila Majnoon’, ‘Zamindar’ and others.

In 1948, M Ismail came to Pakistan, and immediately got offers from seniors like Nazir, whose films, ‘Pherey’, ‘Laarey’, ‘Anokhi Dastaan’ and ‘Shehri Babu’ included him in their cast. His first film here was ‘Hichkole’ (1949). Observing his work, another promising and experienced director, Anwar Kamal Pasha offered him some good roles. His films – ‘Ghulam’, ‘Gumnaam’, ‘Qatil’, ‘Inteqam’ and others were the earliest hits of Pakistan. Luqman also cast him in ‘Patan’, and ‘Mehbooba’ was another one that was appreciated.

Similarly Nazeer Ajmeri’s ‘Qismat’ and ‘Paigham’, Munshi Dil’s ‘Hasrat’ and ‘Ishq e Laila’ and SM Dar’s ‘Saltanat’ and ‘Dulla Bhatti’ were also amongst his famous movies. His other films were ‘Darwaaza’, ‘Subah Kaheen Sham Kaheen’, ‘Patey Khan’, ‘Piya Milan Kee Aas’, ‘Jameela’, ‘Bada Aadmi’, ‘Zehr e Ishq’ and many others.  M Ismail was a charming person, with a rural simplicity and a very forgiving disposition. Endearingly called Bhaiyya jee in the industry, M Ismail’s roles of good hearted, forgetful, careless and sometimes cynical man were the best that he did. But, in many films, he performed a perfect villainish role, including the earlier mentioned, ‘Hoor e Punjab’, which had a historic role of Kaedoo. This one was only bettered later, by that most sterling artiste, Ajmal, who made Kaedoo legendary with his gestures in Khwaja Khurshid Anwar’s ‘Heer Ranjha’.

In ‘Yamla Jat’ and ‘Khazaanchi’, in India, he did very fine title roles, while K Asif’s ‘Phool’ portrayed him as an old hakeem from Turkey, which he did to perfection. As a villain in Indian film, ‘Wamiq Azra’, he presented an individual style, with his full facial expressions. By full facial expressions means  that most artistes use the eyes and the forehead, but M Ismail, with a tremendous mobility of his motor mouth, his sagging cheeks and his prominent and protruding jowls, used a tremendous expanse of his face, which aided him in doing old men’s roles very early in his career.

In those days, there was much importance of finding a characteristic face for films and not handsome or beautiful faces, which is the trend today. That was the reason that more such fine artistes were available to the screen. In Nazeer Ajmeri’s ‘Qismat’, he played a unique role of a man, who is too forgetful to even remember his own name. It was a most hilarious performance from a truly talented actor of his times. M Ismail got a Presidential Award for this role in ‘Qismat’.

His last film in Pakistan was ‘Maan Jawaani Da’ (1976) – released after his death. He died on 22-11-1975 at Lahore.

The music was composed by Baba GA Chishti, who too migrated to Pakistan. Unlike many others, he became a successful composer in Pakistan. He spent his last years as a Faqir.

Today’s song is sung by an unknown female voice and chorus. The lyricist is also not known. Actually there were 3 Lyricists in this film, namely Arsh Lakhnavi, GA Chishti and Pandit Madhur. However, HFGK does not provide any information on singer or the Lyricist.

(I am thankful to Narang’s site, Cineplot, Film Directory-1946, and my notes for information used herein.)

Song – Mann Mandir Mein Aa Ja Sajanva Aa Ja (Ye Hai Zindagi) (1947) Singer – Unattributed, Lyrics – Unattributed, MD – GA Chishti
Chorus

Lyrics

mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja
mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja

tere bina mann doley
haan doley
tere bina mann doley
bhed na kholey
kachhu na boley
aaa aaa aaa
tere bina mann doley
bhed na kholey
kachhu na boley
mann ki dheer bandha ja
sajanva aa ja
haaaaaan aaaaaaaa
mann ki dheer bandha ja
sajanva aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja
mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja

kyon tu ne mukh moda
haan moda
kyon tu ne mukh moda
mera dil toda
saath kyon chhoda
haaaaaan aaaaaaaa
kyon tu ne mukh moda
mera dil toda
saath kyon chhoda
itni baat bataa jaa
sajanva aa ja
haaaaaan aaaaaaaa
itni baat bataa jaa
sajanva aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja
mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja

joban par din aaye
haan aaye
joban par din aaye
jiya ghabraaye
aap na aaye
haaaaaan aaaaaaaa
joban par din aaye
jiya ghabraaye
aap na aaye
aa ja mere raja
sajanva aa ja
haaaaaan aaaaaaaa
aa ja mere raja
sajanva aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja
mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja

mann mandir mein aa ja sajanva aa ja
aa ja
nainan beech samaa ja
sajanva aa ja
aa ja

———-————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा

तेरे बिना मन डोले
हाँ डोले
तेरे बिना मन डोले
भेद ना खोले
कछु ना बोले
आ आ आ
तेरे बिना मन डोले
भेद ना खोले
कछु ना बोले
मन की धीर बंधा जा
सजनवा आ जा
हाँ आ
मन की धीर बंधा जा
सजनवा आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा

क्यों तूने मुख मोड़ा
हाँ मोड़ा
क्यों तूने मुख मोड़ा
मेरा दिल तोड़ा
साथ क्यों छोड़ा
हाँ आ
क्यों तूने मुख मोड़ा
मेरा दिल तोड़ा
साथ क्यों छोड़ा
इतनी बात बता जा
सजनवा आ जा
हाँ आ
इतनी बात बता जा
सजनवा आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा

जोबन पर दिन आए
हाँ आए
जोबन पर दिन आए
जिया घबराए
आप ना आए
हाँ आ
जोबन पर दिन आए
जिया घबराए
आप ना आए
आ जा मेरे राजा
सजनवा आ जा
हाँ आ
आ जा मेरे राजा
सजनवा आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा

मन मंदिर में आजा सजनवा आ जा
आ जा
नैनन बीच समा जा
सजनवा आ जा
आ जा


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3943 Post No. : 15019 Movie Count :

4116

Today’s song is from film “Saathi”(1946).

This title seems to be quite popular because, films with the same title were made in 1938, 1946, 1968, 1991 and 2005 as Saathi.Moreover one film called Saathiya was also made in 2002.

The first film Saathi-38 was a bilingual film, in Hindi and Marathi. This film was made by Mubarak Merchant. He was the Hero and the Heroine was Durga Khote. The Marathi version was titled “Savangadi” mening Partner or Saathi.

The 1946 film was made by Central Studios- partly owned by Mehtab, the film’s Heroine. While the film was in the making, Mehtab got married to Sohrab Modi on 28th April-1946, which happened to be her own Birthday also. She already had a son from her first marriage to actor Ashraf Khan ( who later on became a Soofi Saint). Her son Ismail, stayed with her and Modi, after her second marriage as per the understanding between the couple. Mehtab got one more son from Modi-Mehelli. He was raised as a Parsee. He settled in USA later on.

In this film, the Hero was Sadiq Ali, who was called ” Prince of Minerva ” and was Modi’s favourite. I have written about Sadiq Ali, recently, so I am not repeating it. The other cast of the film included M.Ismail, Jyoti, Badri Parshad, Gulab, Majid, Latika etc etc.

M.Ismail was born in 1902 in a Jeweller family of Lahore. He was a very good designer and Calligrapher.

M. Ismail was a resident of the Inner Bhati Gate in Lahore. Well built and fair complexioned, Ismail had blue eyes, and was quite. attractive. Mian Abdul Rasheed Kardar (the famous A. R. Kardar), also belonged to the same area in Lahore. M. Ismail used to work as a golden calligrapher, while Kardar was involved in sketching and illustration.

They went to Bombay in 1927, and according to Ismail, he and Kardar played Kaedo and side hero respectively, in Imperial Company’s Heer Ranjha. But conditions weren’t helpful, and the two young men had to return to Lahore. Fortunately, for them, during 1928, Premier Film Company started a film called Daughters of Today. Both Kardar and Ismail were inducted into the cast, but the film remained incomplete.

Later, Kardar learned production and became well known as a brilliant technician. Kardar established his own film making firm in 1930, called United Players Corporation, and cast Ismail in his early silent movies like Mysterious Eagle a. k. a Husn Ka Daku, which also had Kardar in a central role. Others in the cast were Gulzar Begum, Ghulam Qadir, Ahmed Deen and an American actress, Aeris Crawford. Ismail also acted in Kardar’s film, Safdar Jang, and both these early silent films were very successful. This led Kardar to cast him in Shepherd King (Gadarya) and Golden Dagger (Sunehri Khanjar). In those days, every film used to have an English title and an Urdu one.

After Alam Ara opened the way for talkies, Ismail became even more popular. In Kardar’s Hoor e Punjab, an adaptation of Heer Ranjha, Ismail again played Kaedo, the intriguing ice uncle of Heer, which he repeated yet again later, in film Heer Siyal, with his characteristic style. His other films in India include Alif Laila, Dekha Jaega, Mast Faqeer, Raja Gopi Chand, Prem Pujari, Watan Parast, Sohni Mahiwal, Laila Majnoon, Zamindar and others.

In 1948, M. Ismail came to Pakistan, and immediately got offers from seniors like Nazir, whose films, Pherey, Larey, Anokhi Dastan and Shehri Babu included him in their cast. His first film here was Hichkole-49. Observing his work, another promising and experienced director, Anwar Kamal Pasha offered him some good roles. His films, Ghulam, Gumnam, Qatil, Inteqam and others were the earliest hits of Pakistan. Luqman also cast him in Patan, and Mehbooba was another one that was appreciated.

Similarly Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat and Paigham, Munshi Dil’s Hasrat and Ishq e Laila and S. M. Dar’s Saltanat and Dulla Bhatti were also amongst his famous movies. His other films were Darwaza, Subah Kaheen Sham Kaheen, Patey Khan, Piya Milan Kee Aas, Jameela, Bara Aadmi, Zehr e Ishq and many others. The Late M. Ismail was a charming person, with a rural simplicity and a very forgiving disposition. Endearingly called Bhaiyyajee in the industry, M. Ismail’s roles of good hearted, forgetful, careless and sometimes cynical man were the best that he did. But, in many films, he performed a perfect villainish role, including the earlier mentioned, Hoor e Punjab, which had a historic role of Kaedoo. This one was only bettered later, by that most sterling artiste, Ajmal, who made Kaedo legendary with his gestures in Khwaja Khurshid Anwar’s Heer Ranjha.

In Yamla Jat and Khazanchi, in India, he did very fine title roles, while K. Asif’s Phool portrayed him as an old hakeem from Turkey, which he did to perfection. As a villain in Indian film, Wamiq Azra, he presented an individual style, with his full facial expressions. By full facial expressions means that most artistes use the eyes and the forehead, but M. Ismail, with a tremendous mobility of his motor mouth, his sagging cheeks and his prominent and protruding jowls, used a tremendous expanse of his face, which aided him in doing old men’s roles very early in his career.

In those days, there was much importance of finding a characteristic face for films and not handsome or beautiful faces, which is the trend today. That was the reason that more such fine artistes were available to the screen. In Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat, he played a unique role of a man, who is too forgetful to even remember his own name. It was a most hilarious performance from a truly talented actor of his times. M. Ismail got a Presidential Award for this role in Qismat.

His last film in Pakistan was Maan jawani da-76- released after his death. He died on 22-11-1975 at Lahore.

The film was directed by M.Sadiq, who was one of the most successful Directors of Bombay who migrated to Pakistan in 1970. He was born in Lahore on 10-3-1910 and died in Lahore on 3-10-1971.

Sadiq was a Cinematographer, writer,screenplay and dialogue writer,producer and director-all in one. He started his career with Thokar-39 as writer. Around 1940, he shifted to Bombay along with his mentor A.R.Kardar, actor Suresh ( Nazim Ahmed), actor Amar and few others. While working as kardar’s assistant, slowly he developed into a Director who directed about 27 films.He directed films like- Namaste, Rattan, Anmol Ratan, Saiyan, Shabab,Musafirkhana, Chhoo mantar, Chaudhavin ka chaand, Tajmahal and Bahu Begum for which he also wrote story and dialogues.

After Khota Paisa-58 Sadiq fell on bad times. He had no films on hand.That was the period when Guru Dutt was also in problems of debts. he wanted to make a film but did not want to direct it. That time Johny Walker suggested the name of M.Sadiq, whose first movie Namastey and another movie Sanjog, both produced by A R Kardar,were released in 1943 & were big hits.His Rattan,released in 1944 ,broke the records all over, in box office sweep. Poonam, Shabab, Anmol Rattan, Pardes, Jawani Ki Hawa, Anjan, were few of his famous movies.The prolific director,how ever ,was now passing through a lean phase & of late he had made light comedies, like Chhoo Mantar, Duniya Rang Rangeeli, Khota Paisa, Musafir Khana etc.

M.Sadiq was brought in & he made the movie at break neck speed & released in 1960. Film Chaudhvin ka Chand needed a director who fully equipped with muslim background and observation of even small presentation of voice, etiquette, religious etc. It is all that M Sadiq performed but we must keep in mind Guru Dutt was behind the screen, though uncredited but he had lion share to beautify the film. The movie proved to be the biggest hit earned lot more than other movies made by Gurudutt. M.Sadiq proved to be the saviour for Gurudutt.Gurudutt,not only came out of the cesspool of debt , but earned enough money to plan his next movie.

The movie proved to be lucky for the good Samaritan M.Sadiq also who was recognized as a specialist of the movies having Muslim background.He got big movies Taj Mahal,Noor Jahan & Bahu Begum (1967),to direct.

Riding on the peak of popularity ,after Bahu Begum,Sadiq Sahab left India & migrated to Pakistan.In 1971,there under his own banner he decided to produce Baharo Phool Barsao & for the music and songs he signed Nashad & Shewan Rizvi,respectively.Both had already migrated to Pakistan from India.He started shooting at Lahore Studio.but a calamity struck & Sadiq Sahab passed away after a brief illness on 03-10-1971. The movie was completed by Hasan Tariq & was released in 1972. The movie opened to full houses and celebrated Golden Jubilee at many places in Pakistan. Even in the re-run the movie was a jubilee hit. M.Sadiq was destined to die at his birth place Lahore.

There were two more uncommon names in the cast- Majid and Gulab. Majid’s name was Abdul Majid Syed. He was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After Matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata. In Pakistan he did just 7 films. He died on 24-9-1959.

The First actress from Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. Her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64. She also sang 22 songs in 11 films.

The lyrics were by Wali Sahab and the music was by Gulshan Soofi, about whom I have written recently. The song is sung by one of my favourite singers- G M Durani ( Ghulam MUstafa Durani). He was one singer who would make gold of a good melodious song anytime. I like almost all of his songs. I was very sad that his end came in very pathetic condition. Once an artiste is out of circulation in the film industry, he is quickly forgotten. I have not seen a more selfish and ungrateful industry in my life where no one even attends the last journey of a forgotten artiste.

This is a very good song, sung in even a better way. With this song, film Saathi-46 makes its Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to cineplot, pakmag.com, wiki, cinerang, Filmdom-46 and my notes for information used herein.)


Song-Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain ja rahe hain (Saathi)(1946) Singer-G M Durraani, Lyricist- Wali Sahab, MD- Gulshan Soofi

Lyrics

Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain

ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
jaa raha hai
wo shaayad a a
paas aate ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain

main jitna aa
bhool jaana chaahta hoon oon oon
oon oon
wo utna aa
aa aa aa
aa aa
yaad aate jaa rahe hain
jabaan par haan
ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae ae
jabaan par haan ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae
wo deewaana banaate
jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
jaa rahe hain


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3931 Post No. : 15003

Mukesh song ” Dil jalta hai to jalne de” actually introduced me to the film Pehli Nazar-45. Being a Muslim social film, it was quite popular in Hyderabad, which was Nizam state, with a considerable Muslim population in it.

When the Fazli Brothers-the Director brothers- decided to make their first Muslim social film, ” Qaidi” in 1940, they were not sure how the purists in their religion would accept a film on Muslim life.But the director-Hussanain Fazli- was very firm that come what may, he would produce a Muslim social film. Just to be on a safe ground, he chose to make the film in Calcutta- far off from Bombay to avoid any resistance from the fundamentalists. The film was made by Film Corporation of India, Calcutta.

Contrary to Fazli’s fears, film Qaidi-40 was received by the Muslim community with open arms. It was a Box office success wherever it was released. For first time perhaps, the community was treated with a film about their culture and social life. Film Qaidi-40 set the ball rolling. It gave a feeling of ” yes, we can do it” not only to Fazli Brothers but many other producers, like Mehboob, K.Asif, Mazhar Khan etc etc.

From the 40s to the 47, there was a line of Muslim social films lined with pride and confidence. Notable amongst them was Paak Daaman-40 by Rustom Modi, Masoom-41 by Fazli brothers, Muslim ka lal-41 by Mohan Pictures, Fashion -43 by Fazli Brothers, Najma-43 by Mehboob, Salma-43 by Nazir Ahmed, Ismat-44 by Fazli Brothers, Bade Nawab saab-44 by actor Kumar and Pramila, Bhaijaan-45 by United Films and Phool-45 by K.Asif.

With this background, the Actor, Producer and the Director Mazhar Khan decided to make a Muslim social film and he started ” Pehli Nazar’ in 1945. When he was thinking about the cast, one of his friends from Lahore told him about a new beautiful girl from Lahore who acted in film Khazanchi-41 in a small role of a Bar Girl-on whom a full song was filmed. She, though a Muslim, called herself “Asha”. Mazhar khan saw the film and decided to feature this girl as heroine of his film. he went to Lahore, met the girl and gave her such a lucrative offer that she accepted it immediately. She was Munawar Sultana.

We have often heard and read that in olden days, young film aspirants from far off cities and smaller towns, ran away from homes to the Maya Nagari-Bombay, to try their luck. Few of them succeeded. But mind you, not ALL stars came running away to Bombay. Many of them were brought honourably too, particularly from other film centres like Calcutta and Lahore. For example, Shamshad Begum was brought to Bombay, honourably from Lahore. Saigal was brought from Calcutta to Bombay, with attractive offer.

That, precisely, was the fame of Bombay, that careers are made in Bombay and opportunities are found in abundance for them who have Talent and Luck ! Munawar Sultana, was one such star, who was brought from Lahore with an offer of Rs. 4000 pm and rented furnished accomodation – by Mazhar Khan

Munawar Sultana was born on 8 November 1924, in Lahore, into a strict Punjabi Muslim family. According to an interview with son Sarfaraz and daughter Shaheen, conducted by Shishir Krishna Sharma, Munawwar’s father was a radio announcer. Munawwar wanted to become a doctor, but was side-tracked by an offer in films. This was a small role in the film, Dalsukh Pancholi’s Khazanchi (1941), where she played a barmaid, and had a song, “Peene Ke Din Aaye” picturised on her. She went by the screen name Asha for this period.
In 1945, she was visited in Lahore by producer-actor-director Mazhar Khan, who contracted her on a monthly fee of Rs. 4000 plus an apartment, and brought her to Bombay. Munawwar’s first film with Mazhar was Pehli Nazar, where she was cast opposite actor Motilal. In the popular song “Dil Jalta Hai Toh Jalne Do” (Let the Aflame Heart Burn) playbacked by singer Mukesh for Motilal, Khan focused on Munawwar’s close-ups during the picturisation.

Following Pehli Nazar, she was kept busy through 1947 to 1949 working in several films. Baburao Patel wrote in the cine-mag Filmindia 1949, about her being one of the most over-worked actresses along with Suraiya and Nargis.
In 1947, Munawar acted in four films Dard, Elaan, Andhon Ki Duniya and Naiyya. Dard was directed by Kardar under Kardar Productions. In spite of no big stars being in the film, it turned out to be a surprise “musical hit” at the box office. The hero of the film was Kardar’s brother Nusrat (Kardar). The song “Afsana Likh Rahin Hoon” became a big success. Elaan garnered positive reviews for Munawwar. A Muslim social, the film was praised for its “progressive attitude” towards the need of education.

A lot has already been written about Elaan-47,elsewhere,as well as on this blog too,earlier.

When Mehboob Khan heard the story initially,he spent few days thinking about it.He anticipated the adverse reactions of the Fundamentalists on this film. His team for this film included many Muslims, almost in every department. Major contributors like Naushad, Zia Sarhadi, Amirbai Karnataki and most important , Munawar Sultana,the Heroine,were all Muslims.Others at least were connected indirectly,but Munawar was the Heroine.

Mehboob Khan had a sitting with her and explained to her the entire story and the likely repercussions to the film.He gave her an option to opt out of the film. Munawar played very brave and firmly told Mehboob Khan that she was 100% with him and was ready to work and face,whatever happens as an aftermath.
This act of courage was loved and appreciated by Mehboob Khan very much and he remained indebted to her ever after.
1948 saw Munawar in four more films. Parai Aag, Sona, Majboor and Meri Kahani

1949 was Munawar’s busiest year with seven releases. Out of her four films released in 1950, Munawar’s most notable film was Babul (Father’s House). She acted opposite Dilip and Nargis in this love triangle. Directed by S. U. Sunny, the music was composed by Naushad The film became a major success at the box office. She acted in a few more films till 1956, with Jallad being her last appearance.

From 1950, Munawar’s career slowed down, and she acted in fewer films. She met her husband Sharif Ali Bhagat, a businessman, on the sets of a movie for which he provided furniture. He produced two films with Munawar in the lead, Meri Kahani (1948) and Pyar Ki Manzil (1950). Following the sudden death of her husband in 1966, Munawar managed her family of four sons and three daughters . In the last eight years of her life, Munawar suffered from Alzheimer’s disease. She died on 15 September 2007, at her home in Ambedkar Road. Pali Hill, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

For the second Heroine’s role, Mazhar had already signed actress Veena. He was impressed with her looks and style. Getting Veena for this film posed no problem.The Hero was to be Motilal. Anil Biswas too had been signed for its music. The shooting started in early 1945. In between Mazhar khan himself as well actress Veena were acting in K Asif’s film Phool-a Muslim social film again. This film was full of Top stars of those times, so even after completion of the shooting of the film Pehli Nazar, the film was not released in Bombay. The film was censored in the end of 1945. Then the film was first released in Lahore and then in major cities of Northern India. Finally Pehli Nazar was released in Bombay on 18-4-1947 at Minerva Theatre. Originally it was to be in Royal opera House, but the inordinate delay in Bombay release forced it to be in Minerva, another posh theatre of repute.

The film and the acting, particularly of Motilal and Munawar Sultana was appreciated by newspapers and film magazines. There were different opinions about the end of the film. Overall Mazhar khan was successful in fulfilling his dream of making a good Muslim social film, after all. The cast of the film was Motilal, Veena, Munawar Sultana, Baburao Pendharkar, Balakram,Bhudo Advani, Cuckoo, Parveen ( made her debut in this film), Nemo, Nafeesa Begum, Bibbo, Leela Pawar etc etc.

Nemo’s real name was M M Beg. Born at Calcutta on 27th December 1903. Passed Senior Cambridge exam and entered Film line. In 1933. He edited the periodical ‘ AKKAS’ for New Theatres, in English and Urdu. Wrote story of film “President”. Debut in film Yahudi ki Ladki-33 Mostly worked in NT films. till Kashinath-43. In all, he worked in 25 films, 17 of them with new Theatres only. I remember him in film Shri 420 as the seth who brings Police to stop the song and dance of the Basti.

The story of film Pehli Nazar-45 was….. Nasir Mirza and Akhtar Mirza were Lucknow based brothers. Due to a rift between them they lived separately in the same Haveli as neighbours. There was no talk between the brothers.

However Shahida ( Veena), daughter of Nasir and Husna (Munawar Sultana) daughter of Akhtar were bosom friends since childhood and were almost inseparable.

Nasir’s friend in Bareilly sends his son Mushtaq (Motilal) for studies in Lucknow. Mushtaq and Shahida become friendly and Nasir gets them engaged. But, as the brothers are not on talking terms this is kept secret.

One day Mushtaq happens to see Husna, she also sees him and love blooms between them. Mushtaq is so enamoured with Husna, that he breaks his engagement with Shahida. Upset Shahida feels guilty that she did not inform Husna about their engagement.

When Husna learns about the engagement of Shahida and Mushtaq, she feels guilty and perturbed. There is now a chaos in both families. Husna fears that her father may commit suicide to avoid humiliation. After lot of thinking Husna decides to end her life and consumes poison and dies.

The brothers are in shock and grief. They realise their follies and unite. Mushtaq finally marries Shahida only.

There are 10 songs in this film. 7 songs are already discussed. There are several stories about the recording of song ” dil jalta hai to jalne de”. which have been discussed earlier, so we bypass them today. Songs of this film have been discussed by Sadanand ji, Sudhir ji and Atul ji. With me presenting a song today, the film becomes Unique whose songs have been discussed by all 4 of us !

Today’s song is a song and dance, shot on Cuckoo and others. HFGK is silent on the names of singers. This is an issue which is unnecessarily magnified. One must understand that Harmandir ji did this colossal work of HFGK, with great hard work and used whatever information was available to him that time. In few cases no information was available, in some cases wrong information was used and in some case doubtful information was there. He added ” Addenda” to all volumes, with additional information correcting the gaps etc. So, even if singers are not mentioned for some songs, later on experts have rightly identified the voices and due credit is given. We did it on our Blog this, several times. So ” HFGK does not mention singer” need not be made into a big issue at all. In today’s case Sadanand ji-the uploader- has identified the main voice as that of Binapani Mukherjee. Some other expert has identified Naseem Akhtar as the second voice. I am considering both these names as singers.
Editor note- There is a third female voice in the song as well.

( I am thankful for some information used from ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim culture 1933-1947’ by Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, The Filmdom-1946, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, and my notes ).


Song- Khan Kaabul se aaya ji wai wai (Pehli Nazar)(1945) Singers – Naseem Akhtar, Binapani Mukherjee, Unknown female voice, Lyrics- Dr. Safadar Aah, MD- Anil Biswas

Lyrics

hoy
khan kaabul se aaya ji
wai wai wai
pista chilgoza laaya ji wai wai

shawl lena ji pashmeena lena
ho na naqdi to kishton pe lena
shawl lena ji pashmeena lena
sasta sauda lagaaya ji
sasta sauda lagaaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
haan maano(?) hamaari gali aana
hamaari gali aana
zara nainon se naina milaana
ji naina milaana

khan aaya ji
aaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
chalo kaabul hamaare saath janiya(?)
ho janiya janiya (??)
chalo kaabul hamaare saath janiya(?)
mujhe maaregi teri pathaniya
mujhe maaregi teri pathaniya

main pathaani ko ghar se nikaaloon
main pathaani ko ghar se nikaaloon
paani paani(?)
phir to bainyyaan main tere gale daaloon
phir to bainyyaan main tere gale daaloon

tujhko ?? banaaya ji
aurat banaaya ji
bibi banaaya ji
wai wai wai

aayi meri pathaani hathheeli
kahin mujhko chhupa le chhabeeli
kahin mujhko chhupa le chhabeeli
zara mujhko nigode bata de
kya huye tere shaadi ke waade
kya huye tere shaadi ke waade

sab bhulaaya
sab bhulaaya
bhulaaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
kyun aaya

khan ki ham to aurat pathaani
ae kaun shaitan ki tu hai naani
ae kaun shaitan ki tu hai naani
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai wai
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai wai
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai

jaan jaane de
jaan jaane de
hatt jaa deewaane
kyun re aaya thha naina ladaane
kyun re aaya thha naina ladaane
too ne isko bhulaaya ji
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai


This article is written jointly by Atul and Sudhir. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 15000th song post in the blog.

Blog Day :

3929 Post No. : 15000

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 10
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Writeup by Atul
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This writeup marks a very special occasion for the blog. It is the 15000th writeup for the blog !

5000th and 10000th posts in the blog were major landmarks for us. The preparations, celebrations and enthusiasm for those posts were quite grand and memorable.

For instance, preparation for the 5000th post had begun in right earnest some more than 150 posts prior to the big event. The song was identified well in advance. That was a legendary song, created by rather unknown artists. So that post was meant to honour lesser known HFM artists.

When the song was identified, I thought that the lesser known music director of the song should also get appreciation. So it was planned to make this 5000th post of the blog to coincide with 100th post of the music director. That was not easy because the music director only had 20 odd of his songs in the blog at that time. So lots and lots of his compositions were covered in the blog during the run up to the 5000th post in the blog.

And that 5000th writeup was a joint collaboration of three of us viz. Raja, followed by me and then Sudhir ji. It was such a long article that a few of our regulars gave up reading the article midway. 🙂 It was over 8000 words long article (including lyrics) !

The date was 13 november 2011. It was a sunday and the post was published at 12:29 PM. It was the sixth and final song posted on that day in the blog.

I was based at Nagpur, Maharashtra, at that time. Amazingly, the journey from post number 4001 to post number 5000 took only five months and one day (153 days) at a strike rate of 6.5 songs every day !

The 10000th post in the blog should have appeared earlier that it finally did. Going by the then strike rate of one century every 16 days (give or take a few days), the 10000th post should have come up by April or may 2014. But I found myself getting busy in other matters. My guess is that my family (wife , daughter, three pets) had joined me- (I was at Bilaspur then), and so I was finding it difficult to post at the usual rate. There were several dot days after post number 9990. There were as many as six dot days. Even on the days when I posted articles, I only managed to post one or two articles in a day. So finally, I decided (and some other regulars also arrived at the same view), that the 10000th post needed to be coincided by the blog birthday which fell on 19 july 2014 .

The idea of how to celebrate the event was thought about when I and Sudhir Ji had visited AK ji (of songsofyore)in his office in Delhi. While discussing lots and lots of HFM related matters, we discussed the forthcoming 10000th post in the blog. AK ji suggested that every regular needed to write an article and a brief introduction of that regular needed to be given. We expanded the idea and decided that the introduction of the regular would be a full fledged and separate article and would precede the guest article.

The run up to the big event began on 7 july 2014. It was planned that all regular contributors would be introduced by another regular familiar with the person being introduced. That article would be followed by an article penned by the person who was introduced in the earlier article. So, we had nearly 30 regulars “formally” introduced by other regulars.

The idea was a great hit and it was well received and appreciated. Regulars introducing other regulars- it was made possible because many of us had already forged friendships with each other not only through online interactions but also through personal visits. We all got to know lots and lots of interesting details about the regulars of the blog. For instance, we came to know that our seniormost (in age) contributor was 80 plus, whereas the youngest contributor (regarded as an expert in vintage songs of 1930s and 1940s) was only 15 at the time when he first contributed his articles in the blog !

Some very interesting details were revealed about our regulars. For instance, we had someone who used to write a columm in a local newspaper when he was a school kid ! That the ladies among the regulars were all amazingly versatile. One was “thhodi padhi likhi” (means she was BSc in maths), while another had a “cosmopolically interesting” background, another with an accidental filmy parentage was a voracious reader of books, among several passions. We had someone who aspired to be a lyricist in Film industry, but finally realised that studying well and doing his own business was a better idea. 🙂 I found that the world was a small place. AKji turned out to be my senior from the same alma mater !

It also turned out that we had struck friendships with some HFM related individuals as well- for instance Ms Manju Das, Daughter of K Amarnath.

The 10000th song finally got posted one day late than was planned. It was posted on 20 july 2014 in the evening. It was a sunday. It was the eighth post of the day. Every time a post would appear, eager regulars would comment something like- “post number 9995th done, five more to go”. During those pre whatsapp days, lots of e mail messages were doing the rounds among regulars wondering when the 10000th post would appear and what song would be discussed as the 10000th song. THat song of course rewrote history. It was believed till then that the oldest HF song was from 1932. The 10000th song that was covered in the blog was a song of 1931, the very first year for Hindi movies.

The first 5000 songs in the blog took 1213 days viz three years and four months at a rate of 4.4 songs per day. Next 5000 songs took only 980 days viz two years and eight months at a rate of 5.1 songs per day. This third set of 5000 songs has taken 1735 day , about four years and nine months! A rather sedate rate of 2.9 songs per day !

Lots of things have changed between 2014 and 2019. Whatsapp was a new concept at that time and only very few savvy ones among us knew what it was. Now even the less mobile savvy among us too have smart phones and now we have a whatsapp group. People who were clueless about smartphones in 2014 are now the most active participants.

Five years have passed. One of the youngest regulars has since acquired a job as well as a spouse. Son of another regular, had once hijacked his mother’s computer when she was not looking and posted comments like-this song is not good, it is boring. 🙂 . Imagine the kid making such comments about a Rafi song, when his mom is a diehard Rafi fan. 🙂 He has grown up and he is now a medical college student.

Today, I am based in another -Pur. This post appears while I am based at Gorakhpur, UP. Like the 5000th post and 10000th post, this 15000th post too is being posted on a sunday !

There are other similarities (or near similarities) as well. When I had gone to Delhi and met Sudhir Ji and AK ji there in may 2014 and discussed plans of 10000sup celebrations, Indian Parliamentary elections were going on. Five years later, we are in the midst of Parliament elections once again.:)

There are differences as well. Six songs were covered in a day while discussing 5000th song. Eight songs were covered in a day while covering 10000th song. Today, when 15000th song is being covered, it is the only the second song of the day. So the blog is living upto its name- song a day, while earlier it used to be songs a day. 🙂

Some times, I am asked about statistics related to the blog. For instance, Sudhir Ji, while preparing a “blog ten year challenge” post noticed that as many as 12 songs were covered in one day viz. on 10 march 2009. Sudhir Ji asked me whether it was the record for the highest number of songs in a day. I did not have a readymade reply to that. Today I have. I can put it on record that the record for the blog is 13 songs in a day. This feat was achieved twice- on 25 october 2011 and on 6 september 2012. Today, when we struggle to post one or two songs in a day, I wonder how I was able to achieve such a feat ! It is not that those two days were isolated cases. Posting big number of songs in a day used to be fairly common those days. For instance, the blog had seen 12 songs in a day on six occasions, once in 2009 and 2012, and four times in 2011. Eleven posts in one day was achieved once (16 august 2012) whereas there have been 18 occasions when ten songs were posted in one day. Nine songs in a day were acjieved on 42 occasions. Eight songs in a day were covered on 133 occasions, the last such occasions being in 2016.

Now a days, we are going at such slow pace that even six songs a day, which was a routine affair in the past has become uncommon. In the year 2019, there has been only one day when six songs were covered. In contrast 2009 saw as many as 166 days when 6 songs were covered in one day.

Another statistics that I was asked recently was regarding the number of visitors in a day. It has been mentioned in an earlier article that the blog clocked 1000 plus visitors in a day for the first time on 23 january 2009. Here are these first time details

Number of visitors per day First time date in the blog (visitors that day)
1000 23 january 2009 (1145)
2000 29 august 2009 (2071)
3000 15 july 2011 (3060)
4000 15 august 2011 (4184)
5000 7 october 2011 (5379)
6000 9 october 2011 (6082)
7000 10 october 2011 (7561)
9000 12 october 2011 (9824)
10000 19 october 2011 (10630)

As one can see from above, october 2011 was a breakthrough month for the blog. From an average visit of 3000 plus visitors till then, we suddenly found the average shooting up to stratosphere. One can notice that after 7000 plus visits, we directly jumped to 9000 plus visits in a day, bypassing 8000 plus visits mark. ! As many as 10630 visitors visited on 19 october 2011, which remains a record till this date. More than 8000 visitors per day arrived at the blog on 13 days of october 2011 !

So one can notice that the blog was at its peak, number of daily posts wise as well as number of daily visitors wise during second half of 2011, and it continued till end of 2012.

By now, we have settled back to a more relaxed 3500 visits per day routine.

Now, in 2019, I really wonder how I used to be able to post so many songs in one day. I cannot say that I had too much of time at my disposal then and that I am too busy now a days. That is hardly the case. In fact it should be the other way round. Those days, I would often find myself having to go on meetings or other official works quite frequently. I can only conclude that I was highly passionate and motivated during those days. Of course I was younger and more energetic those days. 🙂

In an earlier writeup, Mr Sadanand Kamath has arrived at the right conclusion that background work has increased a great deal, now that we have amassed such a goldmine of information about HFM. I actually find myself devoting more time in such background work than in writing articles. And these data, when properly analysed often reveal hitherto unknown and unnoticed bits of information that actually may have been missed by music lovers.

To cite an example of background work, our beloved Khyati Bhatt once analysed all movies of 1960s and their songs and prepared an excel sheet. That served as a homework for Sudhir Jee. He used this excel sheet to post songs from more than one hundred movies of 1960s that were not represented in the blog till then. Then our two senior contributors, Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh and Mr Sadanand Kamath have been doing the same for movies from 1930s and 1940s. Personally even I have introduced several movies from 1940s and 1950s into the blog.

As a result of these exercises, which need considerable research and background work, we are at a stage when over 4200 movies (4206 at last count) were represented in the blog. Less than 75 movies of 1960s and just over 100 movies of 1950s remain to be covered in the blog. Just over 200 movies of 1940s remain to be covered. Most of these remaining movies are rare movies and their songs are not easy to locate. So naturally this exercise takes considerable time and effort.

Another much cherished exercise, viz YIPPEE exercise has slowed down, but still we have managed to YIPPEE as many as 1167 movies (adding upto around 8000 songs) which is no mean feat.

Bit by bit, we are building up complete and accurate filmography of several artists. I often like to use these filmographies whenever these artists reach their important milestones (typically centuries of their songs in the blog).

It must be said that the blog has become an integral part of not only my life, but also for several regulars. We all have grown as a result. Speaking for myself, I know that I have grown and learnt a lot, not just about HFM, but about life in general. It has helped me become a more “mature” person. 🙂

The contents of some of these posts over the years gave me considerable satisfaction. Some of the articles that I am proud of deal with myriad subjects like transfers, road travel, pets, fellow human beings, economics, theory of music etc.

For instance, writing about a pet, that turned out to be a wolf, is an article that gave me great satisfaction. The comments on this article were equally heart warming and this appreciation meant a lot to me.

I have some other fields of interest that I may not have touched till now. 🙂

Unlike the songs to be posted as 5000th and 10000th song, I am in the dark about the 15000th song. 🙂 . Sudhir Jee has taken it upon himself to upload a rare (not yet available online) rare song for this occasion. So the song link as well as lyrics of the song, plus introduction of the song will be by him. He had wanted it to be a writeup by me, but seeing that it is he who is uploading this special song and is providing necessary details on the song and the artist, it is only fair that this writeup should be considered a joint write up, just like what was the case during 5000th and 10000th writeups.

Writeup by Sudhir
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As usual, the wait is intensely anticipatory, and the delay appears to be customary. Of course, as last time, the final moment has been hanging on account of yours truly – 🙂 . And the reason is that we have had a difficult time getting to zero in on the song we would like to place at this important milestone today.

Completing 15 centuries (and that too, without a plan) is superlative indeed. Atul ji and I have been in communication to finalize which song to present at this juncture. We checked many different options and criteria, but somehow all of them seemed to be weighing lesser in comparison to the importance of this milestone. The historic discovery that was showcased at the 10K milestone, actually set a benchmark, which is near impossible to match, even though we now have access to a lot more material at hand. But no, this song at 15K surely does not match the spectacular-ity of its 10K counterpart.

We had tried many things again this time. We tried to search for historically important unpublished songs. We tried to trace the significant wanted songs of key artists. We tried our hand at getting multiple combinations together. We had shortlisted some films and songs, which are unheard of. As in, there is no mention of these films in GK or in other similar compilations, but these films, unreleased of course, were actually under production and their songs were recorded. Some of these songs have survived and are available with collectors, albeit not in public domain as yet. That would make them rare, very rare quality. But then we also argued that just because an unreleased film is unknown in public domain, how does that add to its historical significance. So this option was also pulled down in priority. I have access to some of these songs and will bring them out shortly.

For a longest time, both Atul ji and I were in a mood of despair, as we were not able to decide on the song for this occasion. The email exchange then turned towards artists, and the idea of showcasing the creation of a significant historical figure in the Hindi film music arena started to gain strength. The idea developed was to bring into limelight, an important artist whose contributions to Hindi film music has so far gone unsung. As we thought more about it, the idea seemed to get better. We would highlight an artist whom the people have heard about, but probably not much ‘information about’ is not in circulation.

We exchanged notes about some such names, and then we agreed to bring on board, the doyen of Hindi film music directors – Ustad Jhande Khan, as the artist to highlight at this important junction.

Ustad Jhande Khan – the artist whom the other famous luminaries of Hindi film music like Naushad, Ghulam Mohammed, Anil Biswas, Begum Akhtar, Hemant Kumar, Shyam Sunder, Master Nisar – have acknowledged to be their teacher and guru. This teacher of other reputed music directors and singers is himself now a forgotten name. Very little, if any, biographical information is available with any source. As I tried to search for information, I could finally locate only two bio sketches – a filmographic detail available in ‘Dhunon Ki Yatra’ by Pankaj Raag, and a brief biography compiled by our friend Javed Hamid, as a chapter in his book on Hindi film music directors – ‘Hindi Filmon Ke Sadabahaar Sangeetkar’. As per Javed Bhai, he was able to procure an article in Urdu on this artist, from a friend in Pakistan. The article appeared in a certain film magazine there, many decades ago.

Not much is known about Ustad Sb’s family background and his early years. He was born in Gujranwala (now in Pakistan). The circumstances by which he came to Bombay are not known. But it is known that he came to Bombay at a young age. He was already exposed to classical music and was adept at playing many instruments like saarangi and harmonium. In Bombay, he learnt more and polished his skills at the feet of masters like Ustad Chhajju Khan, Naazir Khan and Khadim Hussain Khan Sahib.

His first foray into creating music was theatre. He was associated with Agha Hashr Kashmiri for a long time. In days prior to talkie films, theatre was a popular and a powerful medium. The major theatre establishments would employ full time music directors and musicians for creating and performing music for stage dramas. That music has been such an important ingredient of the life and culture of this subcontinent, can be gauged from this fact that the popular theatre movements across the nation mostly depended on musicals and song enriched dramas. Ustad Sb was associated with Jubilee Theatre, Alfred Theatre and Parsi Alfred Theatre. It was a time when the dialogues and songs of stage dramas were released on gramophone records. Quite a few such record sets are still available with collectors. Special mention to be made of the stage drama ‘Mahabharat’. The dialogue and song record set of this drama became very popular. The music was composed by Ustad Sb. Then, in the famous stage play ‘Dilfarosh’, a song composed by Ustad Sb – “Dil e Nadaan Ko Hum Samjhaaye Jaayenge” became very popular with the theatre going public. And here, we are not yet in the era of talkie films.

With the advent of talkies, Ustad Sb made a natural transition to films and film music. He joined Ranjeet Studios, and became their premier music director. The 1931 film ‘Devi Devyani’ was the first film for which Ustad Sb composed 17 songs. In 1932, Ranjeet produced a very successful comedy film ‘Chaar Chakram’, starring E Billimoria, Ishwar Lal, Keki Adajania, Miss Shanta, Miss Kamla and the comedy team of Ghori and Dixit. Ustad Sb composed 7 songs for this film, which all became very popular.

Ustad Sb composed music for about fourteen films for Ranjeet Studios between 1931 and 1936. In 1935, he also started working independently for other production houses like Ajanta Cinetone, Daryani Productions, Amrit Films etc. His complete body of work would be less than 25 films. Sadly, majority of his creations are lost or are untraceable at present.

His most famous and popular film is considered to be Kedar Sharma’s ‘Chitralekha’ from 1941. Based on the novel by Bhagwati Charan Verma, the film has 10 songs. The song “Tum Jaao Bade Bhagwan Baney, Insan Bano To Jaanen” became very popular in its time. When Kedar Sharma recreated this film in 1964, this song served as the inspiration for the popular Lata song “Sansaar Se Bhaage Phirte Ho Bhagwaan Ko Tum Kyaa Paaoge”. A very interesting small anecdote about the music of this 1941 film. after completing the composition of all the songs, one day in the morning, Ustad Sb went to see his friend ZA Bukhari, who was a director at All India Radio, Bombay at that time. Excited and nervous like a small child, he conveyed to his friend – that a peculiar thing has inadvertently happened, and that he has not done it on purpose, and did not realize that it was so. His friend inquired as to what has happened. Ustad Sb sheepishly confessed that all the songs of the film have gotten composed in a single Raag; and requested ZA Bukhari to accompany him to the studio. Together they came to the studio and Ustad Sb played the different songs for his friend. It was a wonder that all the songs had become amenable to composition in Raag Bhairavi.

Ustad Sb continued to work into the mid 1940s. In 1943 came the film ‘Shahenshah Akbar’ for which he had composed 14 songs. In the same period he also composed 12 songs for a film titled ‘Jeevan Ka Saaz’. Unfortunately this latter film remained incomplete.

When the partition of India occurred in 1947, Ustad Sb made a choice to migrate to Pakistan, against the advise of his colleagues and friends in the industry. He went back and settled down in his home town – Gujranwala. He would travel often to Lahore to meet the industry people and friends. He also tried to get associated with the radio service in Pakistan, but that did not work out too well. Not a very long time after his migration, he passed away in Gujranwala, on 7th January, 1952.

Ustad Sb was a very reserved personality, so much so that he avoided even being photographed in company of his friends and co-workers. No images of this person have survived, except one photograph that I am able to acquire with the help from my friend, Javed Hamid. This is the photo that I have used in creating the online video file for this song.

Now, coming to this song. This song has two very peculiar and interesting characteristics. Based so far on the information that I have, this song is written by, and composed by and sung by Ustad Jhande Khan himself. Geet Kosh does not have the singer information. I got the name of the singer from another dear friend, Shri KL Pandey, who has done the monumental work of analyzing the classical raag basis of Hindi film songs. However, there is a little doubt, and another name has also been suggested by my other friend who provided me with the mp3 file of this song. I am awaiting confirmation from two other sources. Meanwhile, in this post I am using the singer name as suggested by KL Pandey ji. If there is a different update confirmed, I will inform the readers and make amends to this post.

Update 22Apr2019: Yes, we do have amendments as far as singer name is concerned. I have inputs from three different collectors. All have informed that the name of the singer is Krishna Rao Chonkar. Now this singer is supposed to have sung other songs in this film also. I specifically asked, and was informed that the name of the singer is not no the gramophone record. So the information is from a different source. That three people concur on this can also mean that all of them are possibly referring to the same source.

The second very interesting thing about this song is also informed by Shri KL Pandey. Of the 17,000+ Hindi film songs that he has analyzed, he has discovered only two songs which are based on Raag Deepak. Raag Deepak is a classical composition that is considered very difficult to render. The interesting thing that Pandey ji has shared is that the so called ‘deepak‘ songs in the the films ‘Tansen’ (1943) – “Diya Jalaao Jagmag Jagmag“, and ‘Sangeet Samrat Tansen’ (1962) – “Deepak Jalaao Jyoti Jagaao“, both these songs are NOT based on Raag Deepak, but are based on Raag Bhoopali.

Update 22Apr2019: The second Hindi film song based on Deepak Raag is “Deepak Kathan Karat. . .” from the film ‘Gaj Gaamini’ from 2000. The song is written by Maya Govind,  music composition is Bhupen Hazaarika, and the singer is Shankar Mahadevan.

So this song being presented today is one of the only two songs so far discovered, which are based on pure Raag Deepak. Listening to this song I am sure you will be able to appreciate the level of difficulty in the rendering of this creation.

And well, yes, Congratulations are due to all, for making to this momentous milestone. I will be following up with another post sharing more about that.

Happy listening and happy journey to all readers and friends on this blog. 🙂

[Ed Note: There a some words that have not been correctly deciphered in the singing. I request other readers and friends to suggest updates to the lyrics. And yes, also to the extended sargam, where I may have made an error in recording it correctly.]

 

Song – Deepak Jo Gaaye So Paaye Gyaan Dhyaan (Shahenshah Akbar) (1943) Singer – Ustad Jhande Khan Krishna Rao Chonkar, Lyrics – Ustad Jhande Khan, MD – Ustad Jhande Khan

Lyrics

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa ga ma pa dha ni sa
sa pa dha pa ga re sa

sa ga pa ma ga ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
deepak na gaaye sab duniya naa
ye kaam nahin
hai sab ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

anginati ko ginati jaan
ginati
aa ginati maane na bhed bhaav
bhed na jaane
agyaan bhajta
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa sa sa ni re sa
sa ga sa ga ma pa dha ma pa dha
ma pa ga ma pa dha
sa dha re ni sa
sa dha dha ga re sa
pa dha pa ga ma pa
ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ma ga ga sa ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga
dha ma pa ga re
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
pa pa pa pa ma ma ga ga
dha ma pa ma ga
dha ma pa pa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa

sa ga ma pa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed . . .
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deepak jo gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deep. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स ग म प ध नि स
स प ध प ग रे स

स ग प न ग म ध प
ध प म ग म प स
ध प म ग म प स
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
दीपक न गाये सब दुनिया ना
ये काम नहीं
है सब का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

अनगिनत को गिनती(??) जान
गिनती(??)
आ गिनती माने ना भेद भाव
भेद ना जाने
अज्ञान भजता
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स स स नि रे स
स ग स ग म प ध म प ध
म प ग म प ध
स ध रे नि स
प ध प ग म प
ग म प स
ध प म म ग ग स म ध प
ध प म ग ग
ध म प ग रे
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
प प प प म म ग ग
ध म प म ग
ध म प प
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स

स ग म प
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद॰ ॰ ॰
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
दीप॰ ॰ ॰


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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