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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1940s (1941 to 1950)’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3943 Post No. : 15019 Movie Count :

4116

Today’s song is from film “Saathi”(1946).

This title seems to be quite popular because, films with the same title were made in 1938, 1946, 1968, 1991 and 2005 as Saathi.Moreover one film called Saathiya was also made in 2002.

The first film Saathi-38 was a bilingual film, in Hindi and Marathi. This film was made by Mubarak Merchant. He was the Hero and the Heroine was Durga Khote. The Marathi version was titled “Savangadi” mening Partner or Saathi.

The 1946 film was made by Central Studios- partly owned by Mehtab, the film’s Heroine. While the film was in the making, Mehtab got married to Sohrab Modi on 28th April-1946, which happened to be her own Birthday also. She already had a son from her first marriage to actor Ashraf Khan ( who later on became a Soofi Saint). Her son Ismail, stayed with her and Modi, after her second marriage as per the understanding between the couple. Mehtab got one more son from Modi-Mehelli. He was raised as a Parsee. He settled in USA later on.

In this film, the Hero was Sadiq Ali, who was called ” Prince of Minerva ” and was Modi’s favourite. I have written about Sadiq Ali, recently, so I am not repeating it. The other cast of the film included M.Ismail, Jyoti, Badri Parshad, Gulab, Majid, Latika etc etc.

M.Ismail was born in 1902 in a Jeweller family of Lahore. He was a very good designer and Calligrapher.

M. Ismail was a resident of the Inner Bhati Gate in Lahore. Well built and fair complexioned, Ismail had blue eyes, and was quite. attractive. Mian Abdul Rasheed Kardar (the famous A. R. Kardar), also belonged to the same area in Lahore. M. Ismail used to work as a golden calligrapher, while Kardar was involved in sketching and illustration.

They went to Bombay in 1927, and according to Ismail, he and Kardar played Kaedo and side hero respectively, in Imperial Company’s Heer Ranjha. But conditions weren’t helpful, and the two young men had to return to Lahore. Fortunately, for them, during 1928, Premier Film Company started a film called Daughters of Today. Both Kardar and Ismail were inducted into the cast, but the film remained incomplete.

Later, Kardar learned production and became well known as a brilliant technician. Kardar established his own film making firm in 1930, called United Players Corporation, and cast Ismail in his early silent movies like Mysterious Eagle a. k. a Husn Ka Daku, which also had Kardar in a central role. Others in the cast were Gulzar Begum, Ghulam Qadir, Ahmed Deen and an American actress, Aeris Crawford. Ismail also acted in Kardar’s film, Safdar Jang, and both these early silent films were very successful. This led Kardar to cast him in Shepherd King (Gadarya) and Golden Dagger (Sunehri Khanjar). In those days, every film used to have an English title and an Urdu one.

After Alam Ara opened the way for talkies, Ismail became even more popular. In Kardar’s Hoor e Punjab, an adaptation of Heer Ranjha, Ismail again played Kaedo, the intriguing ice uncle of Heer, which he repeated yet again later, in film Heer Siyal, with his characteristic style. His other films in India include Alif Laila, Dekha Jaega, Mast Faqeer, Raja Gopi Chand, Prem Pujari, Watan Parast, Sohni Mahiwal, Laila Majnoon, Zamindar and others.

In 1948, M. Ismail came to Pakistan, and immediately got offers from seniors like Nazir, whose films, Pherey, Larey, Anokhi Dastan and Shehri Babu included him in their cast. His first film here was Hichkole-49. Observing his work, another promising and experienced director, Anwar Kamal Pasha offered him some good roles. His films, Ghulam, Gumnam, Qatil, Inteqam and others were the earliest hits of Pakistan. Luqman also cast him in Patan, and Mehbooba was another one that was appreciated.

Similarly Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat and Paigham, Munshi Dil’s Hasrat and Ishq e Laila and S. M. Dar’s Saltanat and Dulla Bhatti were also amongst his famous movies. His other films were Darwaza, Subah Kaheen Sham Kaheen, Patey Khan, Piya Milan Kee Aas, Jameela, Bara Aadmi, Zehr e Ishq and many others. The Late M. Ismail was a charming person, with a rural simplicity and a very forgiving disposition. Endearingly called Bhaiyyajee in the industry, M. Ismail’s roles of good hearted, forgetful, careless and sometimes cynical man were the best that he did. But, in many films, he performed a perfect villainish role, including the earlier mentioned, Hoor e Punjab, which had a historic role of Kaedoo. This one was only bettered later, by that most sterling artiste, Ajmal, who made Kaedo legendary with his gestures in Khwaja Khurshid Anwar’s Heer Ranjha.

In Yamla Jat and Khazanchi, in India, he did very fine title roles, while K. Asif’s Phool portrayed him as an old hakeem from Turkey, which he did to perfection. As a villain in Indian film, Wamiq Azra, he presented an individual style, with his full facial expressions. By full facial expressions means that most artistes use the eyes and the forehead, but M. Ismail, with a tremendous mobility of his motor mouth, his sagging cheeks and his prominent and protruding jowls, used a tremendous expanse of his face, which aided him in doing old men’s roles very early in his career.

In those days, there was much importance of finding a characteristic face for films and not handsome or beautiful faces, which is the trend today. That was the reason that more such fine artistes were available to the screen. In Nazeer Ajmeri’s Qismat, he played a unique role of a man, who is too forgetful to even remember his own name. It was a most hilarious performance from a truly talented actor of his times. M. Ismail got a Presidential Award for this role in Qismat.

His last film in Pakistan was Maan jawani da-76- released after his death. He died on 22-11-1975 at Lahore.

The film was directed by M.Sadiq, who was one of the most successful Directors of Bombay who migrated to Pakistan in 1970. He was born in Lahore on 10-3-1910 and died in Lahore on 3-10-1971.

Sadiq was a Cinematographer, writer,screenplay and dialogue writer,producer and director-all in one. He started his career with Thokar-39 as writer. Around 1940, he shifted to Bombay along with his mentor A.R.Kardar, actor Suresh ( Nazim Ahmed), actor Amar and few others. While working as kardar’s assistant, slowly he developed into a Director who directed about 27 films.He directed films like- Namaste, Rattan, Anmol Ratan, Saiyan, Shabab,Musafirkhana, Chhoo mantar, Chaudhavin ka chaand, Tajmahal and Bahu Begum for which he also wrote story and dialogues.

After Khota Paisa-58 Sadiq fell on bad times. He had no films on hand.That was the period when Guru Dutt was also in problems of debts. he wanted to make a film but did not want to direct it. That time Johny Walker suggested the name of M.Sadiq, whose first movie Namastey and another movie Sanjog, both produced by A R Kardar,were released in 1943 & were big hits.His Rattan,released in 1944 ,broke the records all over, in box office sweep. Poonam, Shabab, Anmol Rattan, Pardes, Jawani Ki Hawa, Anjan, were few of his famous movies.The prolific director,how ever ,was now passing through a lean phase & of late he had made light comedies, like Chhoo Mantar, Duniya Rang Rangeeli, Khota Paisa, Musafir Khana etc.

M.Sadiq was brought in & he made the movie at break neck speed & released in 1960. Film Chaudhvin ka Chand needed a director who fully equipped with muslim background and observation of even small presentation of voice, etiquette, religious etc. It is all that M Sadiq performed but we must keep in mind Guru Dutt was behind the screen, though uncredited but he had lion share to beautify the film. The movie proved to be the biggest hit earned lot more than other movies made by Gurudutt. M.Sadiq proved to be the saviour for Gurudutt.Gurudutt,not only came out of the cesspool of debt , but earned enough money to plan his next movie.

The movie proved to be lucky for the good Samaritan M.Sadiq also who was recognized as a specialist of the movies having Muslim background.He got big movies Taj Mahal,Noor Jahan & Bahu Begum (1967),to direct.

Riding on the peak of popularity ,after Bahu Begum,Sadiq Sahab left India & migrated to Pakistan.In 1971,there under his own banner he decided to produce Baharo Phool Barsao & for the music and songs he signed Nashad & Shewan Rizvi,respectively.Both had already migrated to Pakistan from India.He started shooting at Lahore Studio.but a calamity struck & Sadiq Sahab passed away after a brief illness on 03-10-1971. The movie was completed by Hasan Tariq & was released in 1972. The movie opened to full houses and celebrated Golden Jubilee at many places in Pakistan. Even in the re-run the movie was a jubilee hit. M.Sadiq was destined to die at his birth place Lahore.

There were two more uncommon names in the cast- Majid and Gulab. Majid’s name was Abdul Majid Syed. He was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After Matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata. In Pakistan he did just 7 films. He died on 24-9-1959.

The First actress from Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. Her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64. She also sang 22 songs in 11 films.

The lyrics were by Wali Sahab and the music was by Gulshan Soofi, about whom I have written recently. The song is sung by one of my favourite singers- G M Durani ( Ghulam MUstafa Durani). He was one singer who would make gold of a good melodious song anytime. I like almost all of his songs. I was very sad that his end came in very pathetic condition. Once an artiste is out of circulation in the film industry, he is quickly forgotten. I have not seen a more selfish and ungrateful industry in my life where no one even attends the last journey of a forgotten artiste.

This is a very good song, sung in even a better way. With this song, film Saathi-46 makes its Debut on the Blog.

( Thanks to cineplot, pakmag.com, wiki, cinerang, Filmdom-46 and my notes for information used herein.)


Song-Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain ja rahe hain (Saathi)(1946) Singer-G M Durraani, Lyricist- Wali Sahab, MD- Gulshan Soofi

Lyrics

Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
ja rahe hain

ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
ye dil pehloo se nikla jaa raha hai ae
jaa raha hai
wo shaayad a a
paas aate ja rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
ja rahe hain

main jitna aa
bhool jaana chaahta hoon oon oon
oon oon
wo utna aa
aa aa aa
aa aa
yaad aate jaa rahe hain
jabaan par haan
ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae ae
jabaan par haan ishaaron mein meri
hai ae ae
wo deewaana banaate
jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
hamen apna banaate jaa rahe hain
jaa rahe hain
Wo nazron mein samaate ja rahe hain
jaa rahe hain

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3931 Post No. : 15003

Mukesh song ” Dil jalta hai to jalne de” actually introduced me to the film Pehli Nazar-45. Being a Muslim social film, it was quite popular in Hyderabad, which was Nizam state, with a considerable Muslim population in it.

When the Fazli Brothers-the Director brothers- decided to make their first Muslim social film, ” Qaidi” in 1940, they were not sure how the purists in their religion would accept a film on Muslim life.But the director-Hussanain Fazli- was very firm that come what may, he would produce a Muslim social film. Just to be on a safe ground, he chose to make the film in Calcutta- far off from Bombay to avoid any resistance from the fundamentalists. The film was made by Film Corporation of India, Calcutta.

Contrary to Fazli’s fears, film Qaidi-40 was received by the Muslim community with open arms. It was a Box office success wherever it was released. For first time perhaps, the community was treated with a film about their culture and social life. Film Qaidi-40 set the ball rolling. It gave a feeling of ” yes, we can do it” not only to Fazli Brothers but many other producers, like Mehboob, K.Asif, Mazhar Khan etc etc.

From the 40s to the 47, there was a line of Muslim social films lined with pride and confidence. Notable amongst them was Paak Daaman-40 by Rustom Modi, Masoom-41 by Fazli brothers, Muslim ka lal-41 by Mohan Pictures, Fashion -43 by Fazli Brothers, Najma-43 by Mehboob, Salma-43 by Nazir Ahmed, Ismat-44 by Fazli Brothers, Bade Nawab saab-44 by actor Kumar and Pramila, Bhaijaan-45 by United Films and Phool-45 by K.Asif.

With this background, the Actor, Producer and the Director Mazhar Khan decided to make a Muslim social film and he started ” Pehli Nazar’ in 1945. When he was thinking about the cast, one of his friends from Lahore told him about a new beautiful girl from Lahore who acted in film Khazanchi-41 in a small role of a Bar Girl-on whom a full song was filmed. She, though a Muslim, called herself “Asha”. Mazhar khan saw the film and decided to feature this girl as heroine of his film. he went to Lahore, met the girl and gave her such a lucrative offer that she accepted it immediately. She was Munawar Sultana.

We have often heard and read that in olden days, young film aspirants from far off cities and smaller towns, ran away from homes to the Maya Nagari-Bombay, to try their luck. Few of them succeeded. But mind you, not ALL stars came running away to Bombay. Many of them were brought honourably too, particularly from other film centres like Calcutta and Lahore. For example, Shamshad Begum was brought to Bombay, honourably from Lahore. Saigal was brought from Calcutta to Bombay, with attractive offer.

That, precisely, was the fame of Bombay, that careers are made in Bombay and opportunities are found in abundance for them who have Talent and Luck ! Munawar Sultana, was one such star, who was brought from Lahore with an offer of Rs. 4000 pm and rented furnished accomodation – by Mazhar Khan

Munawar Sultana was born on 8 November 1924, in Lahore, into a strict Punjabi Muslim family. According to an interview with son Sarfaraz and daughter Shaheen, conducted by Shishir Krishna Sharma, Munawwar’s father was a radio announcer. Munawwar wanted to become a doctor, but was side-tracked by an offer in films. This was a small role in the film, Dalsukh Pancholi’s Khazanchi (1941), where she played a barmaid, and had a song, “Peene Ke Din Aaye” picturised on her. She went by the screen name Asha for this period.
In 1945, she was visited in Lahore by producer-actor-director Mazhar Khan, who contracted her on a monthly fee of Rs. 4000 plus an apartment, and brought her to Bombay. Munawwar’s first film with Mazhar was Pehli Nazar, where she was cast opposite actor Motilal. In the popular song “Dil Jalta Hai Toh Jalne Do” (Let the Aflame Heart Burn) playbacked by singer Mukesh for Motilal, Khan focused on Munawwar’s close-ups during the picturisation.

Following Pehli Nazar, she was kept busy through 1947 to 1949 working in several films. Baburao Patel wrote in the cine-mag Filmindia 1949, about her being one of the most over-worked actresses along with Suraiya and Nargis.
In 1947, Munawar acted in four films Dard, Elaan, Andhon Ki Duniya and Naiyya. Dard was directed by Kardar under Kardar Productions. In spite of no big stars being in the film, it turned out to be a surprise “musical hit” at the box office. The hero of the film was Kardar’s brother Nusrat (Kardar). The song “Afsana Likh Rahin Hoon” became a big success. Elaan garnered positive reviews for Munawwar. A Muslim social, the film was praised for its “progressive attitude” towards the need of education.

A lot has already been written about Elaan-47,elsewhere,as well as on this blog too,earlier.

When Mehboob Khan heard the story initially,he spent few days thinking about it.He anticipated the adverse reactions of the Fundamentalists on this film. His team for this film included many Muslims, almost in every department. Major contributors like Naushad, Zia Sarhadi, Amirbai Karnataki and most important , Munawar Sultana,the Heroine,were all Muslims.Others at least were connected indirectly,but Munawar was the Heroine.

Mehboob Khan had a sitting with her and explained to her the entire story and the likely repercussions to the film.He gave her an option to opt out of the film. Munawar played very brave and firmly told Mehboob Khan that she was 100% with him and was ready to work and face,whatever happens as an aftermath.
This act of courage was loved and appreciated by Mehboob Khan very much and he remained indebted to her ever after.
1948 saw Munawar in four more films. Parai Aag, Sona, Majboor and Meri Kahani

1949 was Munawar’s busiest year with seven releases. Out of her four films released in 1950, Munawar’s most notable film was Babul (Father’s House). She acted opposite Dilip and Nargis in this love triangle. Directed by S. U. Sunny, the music was composed by Naushad The film became a major success at the box office. She acted in a few more films till 1956, with Jallad being her last appearance.

From 1950, Munawar’s career slowed down, and she acted in fewer films. She met her husband Sharif Ali Bhagat, a businessman, on the sets of a movie for which he provided furniture. He produced two films with Munawar in the lead, Meri Kahani (1948) and Pyar Ki Manzil (1950). Following the sudden death of her husband in 1966, Munawar managed her family of four sons and three daughters . In the last eight years of her life, Munawar suffered from Alzheimer’s disease. She died on 15 September 2007, at her home in Ambedkar Road. Pali Hill, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

For the second Heroine’s role, Mazhar had already signed actress Veena. He was impressed with her looks and style. Getting Veena for this film posed no problem.The Hero was to be Motilal. Anil Biswas too had been signed for its music. The shooting started in early 1945. In between Mazhar khan himself as well actress Veena were acting in K Asif’s film Phool-a Muslim social film again. This film was full of Top stars of those times, so even after completion of the shooting of the film Pehli Nazar, the film was not released in Bombay. The film was censored in the end of 1945. Then the film was first released in Lahore and then in major cities of Northern India. Finally Pehli Nazar was released in Bombay on 18-4-1947 at Minerva Theatre. Originally it was to be in Royal opera House, but the inordinate delay in Bombay release forced it to be in Minerva, another posh theatre of repute.

The film and the acting, particularly of Motilal and Munawar Sultana was appreciated by newspapers and film magazines. There were different opinions about the end of the film. Overall Mazhar khan was successful in fulfilling his dream of making a good Muslim social film, after all. The cast of the film was Motilal, Veena, Munawar Sultana, Baburao Pendharkar, Balakram,Bhudo Advani, Cuckoo, Parveen ( made her debut in this film), Nemo, Nafeesa Begum, Bibbo, Leela Pawar etc etc.

Nemo’s real name was M M Beg. Born at Calcutta on 27th December 1903. Passed Senior Cambridge exam and entered Film line. In 1933. He edited the periodical ‘ AKKAS’ for New Theatres, in English and Urdu. Wrote story of film “President”. Debut in film Yahudi ki Ladki-33 Mostly worked in NT films. till Kashinath-43. In all, he worked in 25 films, 17 of them with new Theatres only. I remember him in film Shri 420 as the seth who brings Police to stop the song and dance of the Basti.

The story of film Pehli Nazar-45 was….. Nasir Mirza and Akhtar Mirza were Lucknow based brothers. Due to a rift between them they lived separately in the same Haveli as neighbours. There was no talk between the brothers.

However Shahida ( Veena), daughter of Nasir and Husna (Munawar Sultana) daughter of Akhtar were bosom friends since childhood and were almost inseparable.

Nasir’s friend in Bareilly sends his son Mushtaq (Motilal) for studies in Lucknow. Mushtaq and Shahida become friendly and Nasir gets them engaged. But, as the brothers are not on talking terms this is kept secret.

One day Mushtaq happens to see Husna, she also sees him and love blooms between them. Mushtaq is so enamoured with Husna, that he breaks his engagement with Shahida. Upset Shahida feels guilty that she did not inform Husna about their engagement.

When Husna learns about the engagement of Shahida and Mushtaq, she feels guilty and perturbed. There is now a chaos in both families. Husna fears that her father may commit suicide to avoid humiliation. After lot of thinking Husna decides to end her life and consumes poison and dies.

The brothers are in shock and grief. They realise their follies and unite. Mushtaq finally marries Shahida only.

There are 10 songs in this film. 7 songs are already discussed. There are several stories about the recording of song ” dil jalta hai to jalne de”. which have been discussed earlier, so we bypass them today. Songs of this film have been discussed by Sadanand ji, Sudhir ji and Atul ji. With me presenting a song today, the film becomes Unique whose songs have been discussed by all 4 of us !

Today’s song is a song and dance, shot on Cuckoo and others. HFGK is silent on the names of singers. This is an issue which is unnecessarily magnified. One must understand that Harmandir ji did this colossal work of HFGK, with great hard work and used whatever information was available to him that time. In few cases no information was available, in some cases wrong information was used and in some case doubtful information was there. He added ” Addenda” to all volumes, with additional information correcting the gaps etc. So, even if singers are not mentioned for some songs, later on experts have rightly identified the voices and due credit is given. We did it on our Blog this, several times. So ” HFGK does not mention singer” need not be made into a big issue at all. In today’s case Sadanand ji-the uploader- has identified the main voice as that of Binapani Mukherjee. Some other expert has identified Naseem Akhtar as the second voice. I am considering both these names as singers.
Editor note- There is a third female voice in the song as well.

( I am thankful for some information used from ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim culture 1933-1947’ by Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, The Filmdom-1946, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, and my notes ).


Song- Khan Kaabul se aaya ji wai wai (Pehli Nazar)(1945) Singers – Naseem Akhtar, Binapani Mukherjee, Unknown female voice, Lyrics- Dr. Safadar Aah, MD- Anil Biswas

Lyrics

hoy
khan kaabul se aaya ji
wai wai wai
pista chilgoza laaya ji wai wai

shawl lena ji pashmeena lena
ho na naqdi to kishton pe lena
shawl lena ji pashmeena lena
sasta sauda lagaaya ji
sasta sauda lagaaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
haan maano(?) hamaari gali aana
hamaari gali aana
zara nainon se naina milaana
ji naina milaana

khan aaya ji
aaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
chalo kaabul hamaare saath janiya(?)
ho janiya janiya (??)
chalo kaabul hamaare saath janiya(?)
mujhe maaregi teri pathaniya
mujhe maaregi teri pathaniya

main pathaani ko ghar se nikaaloon
main pathaani ko ghar se nikaaloon
paani paani(?)
phir to bainyyaan main tere gale daaloon
phir to bainyyaan main tere gale daaloon

tujhko ?? banaaya ji
aurat banaaya ji
bibi banaaya ji
wai wai wai

aayi meri pathaani hathheeli
kahin mujhko chhupa le chhabeeli
kahin mujhko chhupa le chhabeeli
zara mujhko nigode bata de
kya huye tere shaadi ke waade
kya huye tere shaadi ke waade

sab bhulaaya
sab bhulaaya
bhulaaya ji
wai wai wai wai
wai wai wai wai
kaabul se aaya
kyun aaya

khan ki ham to aurat pathaani
ae kaun shaitan ki tu hai naani
ae kaun shaitan ki tu hai naani
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai wai
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai wai
mard hamaara churaaya ji wai wai

jaan jaane de
jaan jaane de
hatt jaa deewaane
kyun re aaya thha naina ladaane
kyun re aaya thha naina ladaane
too ne isko bhulaaya ji
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai
too ne isko bhulaaya ji wai wai wai


This article is written jointly by Atul and Sudhir. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 15000th song post in the blog.

Blog Day :

3929 Post No. : 15000

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 10
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Writeup by Atul
————————–

This writeup marks a very special occasion for the blog. It is the 15000th writeup for the blog !

5000th and 10000th posts in the blog were major landmarks for us. The preparations, celebrations and enthusiasm for those posts were quite grand and memorable.

For instance, preparation for the 5000th post had begun in right earnest some more than 150 posts prior to the big event. The song was identified well in advance. That was a legendary song, created by rather unknown artists. So that post was meant to honour lesser known HFM artists.

When the song was identified, I thought that the lesser known music director of the song should also get appreciation. So it was planned to make this 5000th post of the blog to coincide with 100th post of the music director. That was not easy because the music director only had 20 odd of his songs in the blog at that time. So lots and lots of his compositions were covered in the blog during the run up to the 5000th post in the blog.

And that 5000th writeup was a joint collaboration of three of us viz. Raja, followed by me and then Sudhir ji. It was such a long article that a few of our regulars gave up reading the article midway. 🙂 It was over 8000 words long article (including lyrics) !

The date was 13 november 2011. It was a sunday and the post was published at 12:29 PM. It was the sixth and final song posted on that day in the blog.

I was based at Nagpur, Maharashtra, at that time. Amazingly, the journey from post number 4001 to post number 5000 took only five months and one day (153 days) at a strike rate of 6.5 songs every day !

The 10000th post in the blog should have appeared earlier that it finally did. Going by the then strike rate of one century every 16 days (give or take a few days), the 10000th post should have come up by April or may 2014. But I found myself getting busy in other matters. My guess is that my family (wife , daughter, three pets) had joined me- (I was at Bilaspur then), and so I was finding it difficult to post at the usual rate. There were several dot days after post number 9990. There were as many as six dot days. Even on the days when I posted articles, I only managed to post one or two articles in a day. So finally, I decided (and some other regulars also arrived at the same view), that the 10000th post needed to be coincided by the blog birthday which fell on 19 july 2014 .

The idea of how to celebrate the event was thought about when I and Sudhir Ji had visited AK ji (of songsofyore)in his office in Delhi. While discussing lots and lots of HFM related matters, we discussed the forthcoming 10000th post in the blog. AK ji suggested that every regular needed to write an article and a brief introduction of that regular needed to be given. We expanded the idea and decided that the introduction of the regular would be a full fledged and separate article and would precede the guest article.

The run up to the big event began on 7 july 2014. It was planned that all regular contributors would be introduced by another regular familiar with the person being introduced. That article would be followed by an article penned by the person who was introduced in the earlier article. So, we had nearly 30 regulars “formally” introduced by other regulars.

The idea was a great hit and it was well received and appreciated. Regulars introducing other regulars- it was made possible because many of us had already forged friendships with each other not only through online interactions but also through personal visits. We all got to know lots and lots of interesting details about the regulars of the blog. For instance, we came to know that our seniormost (in age) contributor was 80 plus, whereas the youngest contributor (regarded as an expert in vintage songs of 1930s and 1940s) was only 15 at the time when he first contributed his articles in the blog !

Some very interesting details were revealed about our regulars. For instance, we had someone who used to write a columm in a local newspaper when he was a school kid ! That the ladies among the regulars were all amazingly versatile. One was “thhodi padhi likhi” (means she was BSc in maths), while another had a “cosmopolically interesting” background, another with an accidental filmy parentage was a voracious reader of books, among several passions. We had someone who aspired to be a lyricist in Film industry, but finally realised that studying well and doing his own business was a better idea. 🙂 I found that the world was a small place. AKji turned out to be my senior from the same alma mater !

It also turned out that we had struck friendships with some HFM related individuals as well- for instance Ms Manju Das, Daughter of K Amarnath.

The 10000th song finally got posted one day late than was planned. It was posted on 20 july 2014 in the evening. It was a sunday. It was the eighth post of the day. Every time a post would appear, eager regulars would comment something like- “post number 9995th done, five more to go”. During those pre whatsapp days, lots of e mail messages were doing the rounds among regulars wondering when the 10000th post would appear and what song would be discussed as the 10000th song. THat song of course rewrote history. It was believed till then that the oldest HF song was from 1932. The 10000th song that was covered in the blog was a song of 1931, the very first year for Hindi movies.

The first 5000 songs in the blog took 1213 days viz three years and four months at a rate of 4.4 songs per day. Next 5000 songs took only 980 days viz two years and eight months at a rate of 5.1 songs per day. This third set of 5000 songs has taken 1735 day , about four years and nine months! A rather sedate rate of 2.9 songs per day !

Lots of things have changed between 2014 and 2019. Whatsapp was a new concept at that time and only very few savvy ones among us knew what it was. Now even the less mobile savvy among us too have smart phones and now we have a whatsapp group. People who were clueless about smartphones in 2014 are now the most active participants.

Five years have passed. One of the youngest regulars has since acquired a job as well as a spouse. Son of another regular, had once hijacked his mother’s computer when she was not looking and posted comments like-this song is not good, it is boring. 🙂 . Imagine the kid making such comments about a Rafi song, when his mom is a diehard Rafi fan. 🙂 He has grown up and he is now a medical college student.

Today, I am based in another -Pur. This post appears while I am based at Gorakhpur, UP. Like the 5000th post and 10000th post, this 15000th post too is being posted on a sunday !

There are other similarities (or near similarities) as well. When I had gone to Delhi and met Sudhir Ji and AK ji there in may 2014 and discussed plans of 10000sup celebrations, Indian Parliamentary elections were going on. Five years later, we are in the midst of Parliament elections once again.:)

There are differences as well. Six songs were covered in a day while discussing 5000th song. Eight songs were covered in a day while covering 10000th song. Today, when 15000th song is being covered, it is the only the second song of the day. So the blog is living upto its name- song a day, while earlier it used to be songs a day. 🙂

Some times, I am asked about statistics related to the blog. For instance, Sudhir Ji, while preparing a “blog ten year challenge” post noticed that as many as 12 songs were covered in one day viz. on 10 march 2009. Sudhir Ji asked me whether it was the record for the highest number of songs in a day. I did not have a readymade reply to that. Today I have. I can put it on record that the record for the blog is 13 songs in a day. This feat was achieved twice- on 25 october 2011 and on 6 september 2012. Today, when we struggle to post one or two songs in a day, I wonder how I was able to achieve such a feat ! It is not that those two days were isolated cases. Posting big number of songs in a day used to be fairly common those days. For instance, the blog had seen 12 songs in a day on six occasions, once in 2009 and 2012, and four times in 2011. Eleven posts in one day was achieved once (16 august 2012) whereas there have been 18 occasions when ten songs were posted in one day. Nine songs in a day were acjieved on 42 occasions. Eight songs in a day were covered on 133 occasions, the last such occasions being in 2016.

Now a days, we are going at such slow pace that even six songs a day, which was a routine affair in the past has become uncommon. In the year 2019, there has been only one day when six songs were covered. In contrast 2009 saw as many as 166 days when 6 songs were covered in one day.

Another statistics that I was asked recently was regarding the number of visitors in a day. It has been mentioned in an earlier article that the blog clocked 1000 plus visitors in a day for the first time on 23 january 2009. Here are these first time details

Number of visitors per day First time date in the blog (visitors that day)
1000 23 january 2009 (1145)
2000 29 august 2009 (2071)
3000 15 july 2011 (3060)
4000 15 august 2011 (4184)
5000 7 october 2011 (5379)
6000 9 october 2011 (6082)
7000 10 october 2011 (7561)
9000 12 october 2011 (9824)
10000 19 october 2011 (10630)

As one can see from above, october 2011 was a breakthrough month for the blog. From an average visit of 3000 plus visitors till then, we suddenly found the average shooting up to stratosphere. One can notice that after 7000 plus visits, we directly jumped to 9000 plus visits in a day, bypassing 8000 plus visits mark. ! As many as 10630 visitors visited on 19 october 2011, which remains a record till this date. More than 8000 visitors per day arrived at the blog on 13 days of october 2011 !

So one can notice that the blog was at its peak, number of daily posts wise as well as number of daily visitors wise during second half of 2011, and it continued till end of 2012.

By now, we have settled back to a more relaxed 3500 visits per day routine.

Now, in 2019, I really wonder how I used to be able to post so many songs in one day. I cannot say that I had too much of time at my disposal then and that I am too busy now a days. That is hardly the case. In fact it should be the other way round. Those days, I would often find myself having to go on meetings or other official works quite frequently. I can only conclude that I was highly passionate and motivated during those days. Of course I was younger and more energetic those days. 🙂

In an earlier writeup, Mr Sadanand Kamath has arrived at the right conclusion that background work has increased a great deal, now that we have amassed such a goldmine of information about HFM. I actually find myself devoting more time in such background work than in writing articles. And these data, when properly analysed often reveal hitherto unknown and unnoticed bits of information that actually may have been missed by music lovers.

To cite an example of background work, our beloved Khyati Bhatt once analysed all movies of 1960s and their songs and prepared an excel sheet. That served as a homework for Sudhir Jee. He used this excel sheet to post songs from more than one hundred movies of 1960s that were not represented in the blog till then. Then our two senior contributors, Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh and Mr Sadanand Kamath have been doing the same for movies from 1930s and 1940s. Personally even I have introduced several movies from 1940s and 1950s into the blog.

As a result of these exercises, which need considerable research and background work, we are at a stage when over 4200 movies (4206 at last count) were represented in the blog. Less than 75 movies of 1960s and just over 100 movies of 1950s remain to be covered in the blog. Just over 200 movies of 1940s remain to be covered. Most of these remaining movies are rare movies and their songs are not easy to locate. So naturally this exercise takes considerable time and effort.

Another much cherished exercise, viz YIPPEE exercise has slowed down, but still we have managed to YIPPEE as many as 1167 movies (adding upto around 8000 songs) which is no mean feat.

Bit by bit, we are building up complete and accurate filmography of several artists. I often like to use these filmographies whenever these artists reach their important milestones (typically centuries of their songs in the blog).

It must be said that the blog has become an integral part of not only my life, but also for several regulars. We all have grown as a result. Speaking for myself, I know that I have grown and learnt a lot, not just about HFM, but about life in general. It has helped me become a more “mature” person. 🙂

The contents of some of these posts over the years gave me considerable satisfaction. Some of the articles that I am proud of deal with myriad subjects like transfers, road travel, pets, fellow human beings, economics, theory of music etc.

For instance, writing about a pet, that turned out to be a wolf, is an article that gave me great satisfaction. The comments on this article were equally heart warming and this appreciation meant a lot to me.

I have some other fields of interest that I may not have touched till now. 🙂

Unlike the songs to be posted as 5000th and 10000th song, I am in the dark about the 15000th song. 🙂 . Sudhir Jee has taken it upon himself to upload a rare (not yet available online) rare song for this occasion. So the song link as well as lyrics of the song, plus introduction of the song will be by him. He had wanted it to be a writeup by me, but seeing that it is he who is uploading this special song and is providing necessary details on the song and the artist, it is only fair that this writeup should be considered a joint write up, just like what was the case during 5000th and 10000th writeups.

Writeup by Sudhir
————————–

As usual, the wait is intensely anticipatory, and the delay appears to be customary. Of course, as last time, the final moment has been hanging on account of yours truly – 🙂 . And the reason is that we have had a difficult time getting to zero in on the song we would like to place at this important milestone today.

Completing 15 centuries (and that too, without a plan) is superlative indeed. Atul ji and I have been in communication to finalize which song to present at this juncture. We checked many different options and criteria, but somehow all of them seemed to be weighing lesser in comparison to the importance of this milestone. The historic discovery that was showcased at the 10K milestone, actually set a benchmark, which is near impossible to match, even though we now have access to a lot more material at hand. But no, this song at 15K surely does not match the spectacular-ity of its 10K counterpart.

We had tried many things again this time. We tried to search for historically important unpublished songs. We tried to trace the significant wanted songs of key artists. We tried our hand at getting multiple combinations together. We had shortlisted some films and songs, which are unheard of. As in, there is no mention of these films in GK or in other similar compilations, but these films, unreleased of course, were actually under production and their songs were recorded. Some of these songs have survived and are available with collectors, albeit not in public domain as yet. That would make them rare, very rare quality. But then we also argued that just because an unreleased film is unknown in public domain, how does that add to its historical significance. So this option was also pulled down in priority. I have access to some of these songs and will bring them out shortly.

For a longest time, both Atul ji and I were in a mood of despair, as we were not able to decide on the song for this occasion. The email exchange then turned towards artists, and the idea of showcasing the creation of a significant historical figure in the Hindi film music arena started to gain strength. The idea developed was to bring into limelight, an important artist whose contributions to Hindi film music has so far gone unsung. As we thought more about it, the idea seemed to get better. We would highlight an artist whom the people have heard about, but probably not much ‘information about’ is not in circulation.

We exchanged notes about some such names, and then we agreed to bring on board, the doyen of Hindi film music directors – Ustad Jhande Khan, as the artist to highlight at this important junction.

Ustad Jhande Khan – the artist whom the other famous luminaries of Hindi film music like Naushad, Ghulam Mohammed, Anil Biswas, Begum Akhtar, Hemant Kumar, Shyam Sunder, Master Nisar – have acknowledged to be their teacher and guru. This teacher of other reputed music directors and singers is himself now a forgotten name. Very little, if any, biographical information is available with any source. As I tried to search for information, I could finally locate only two bio sketches – a filmographic detail available in ‘Dhunon Ki Yatra’ by Pankaj Raag, and a brief biography compiled by our friend Javed Hamid, as a chapter in his book on Hindi film music directors – ‘Hindi Filmon Ke Sadabahaar Sangeetkar’. As per Javed Bhai, he was able to procure an article in Urdu on this artist, from a friend in Pakistan. The article appeared in a certain film magazine there, many decades ago.

Not much is known about Ustad Sb’s family background and his early years. He was born in Gujranwala (now in Pakistan). The circumstances by which he came to Bombay are not known. But it is known that he came to Bombay at a young age. He was already exposed to classical music and was adept at playing many instruments like saarangi and harmonium. In Bombay, he learnt more and polished his skills at the feet of masters like Ustad Chhajju Khan, Naazir Khan and Khadim Hussain Khan Sahib.

His first foray into creating music was theatre. He was associated with Agha Hashr Kashmiri for a long time. In days prior to talkie films, theatre was a popular and a powerful medium. The major theatre establishments would employ full time music directors and musicians for creating and performing music for stage dramas. That music has been such an important ingredient of the life and culture of this subcontinent, can be gauged from this fact that the popular theatre movements across the nation mostly depended on musicals and song enriched dramas. Ustad Sb was associated with Jubilee Theatre, Alfred Theatre and Parsi Alfred Theatre. It was a time when the dialogues and songs of stage dramas were released on gramophone records. Quite a few such record sets are still available with collectors. Special mention to be made of the stage drama ‘Mahabharat’. The dialogue and song record set of this drama became very popular. The music was composed by Ustad Sb. Then, in the famous stage play ‘Dilfarosh’, a song composed by Ustad Sb – “Dil e Nadaan Ko Hum Samjhaaye Jaayenge” became very popular with the theatre going public. And here, we are not yet in the era of talkie films.

With the advent of talkies, Ustad Sb made a natural transition to films and film music. He joined Ranjeet Studios, and became their premier music director. The 1931 film ‘Devi Devyani’ was the first film for which Ustad Sb composed 17 songs. In 1932, Ranjeet produced a very successful comedy film ‘Chaar Chakram’, starring E Billimoria, Ishwar Lal, Keki Adajania, Miss Shanta, Miss Kamla and the comedy team of Ghori and Dixit. Ustad Sb composed 7 songs for this film, which all became very popular.

Ustad Sb composed music for about fourteen films for Ranjeet Studios between 1931 and 1936. In 1935, he also started working independently for other production houses like Ajanta Cinetone, Daryani Productions, Amrit Films etc. His complete body of work would be less than 25 films. Sadly, majority of his creations are lost or are untraceable at present.

His most famous and popular film is considered to be Kedar Sharma’s ‘Chitralekha’ from 1941. Based on the novel by Bhagwati Charan Verma, the film has 10 songs. The song “Tum Jaao Bade Bhagwan Baney, Insan Bano To Jaanen” became very popular in its time. When Kedar Sharma recreated this film in 1964, this song served as the inspiration for the popular Lata song “Sansaar Se Bhaage Phirte Ho Bhagwaan Ko Tum Kyaa Paaoge”. A very interesting small anecdote about the music of this 1941 film. after completing the composition of all the songs, one day in the morning, Ustad Sb went to see his friend ZA Bukhari, who was a director at All India Radio, Bombay at that time. Excited and nervous like a small child, he conveyed to his friend – that a peculiar thing has inadvertently happened, and that he has not done it on purpose, and did not realize that it was so. His friend inquired as to what has happened. Ustad Sb sheepishly confessed that all the songs of the film have gotten composed in a single Raag; and requested ZA Bukhari to accompany him to the studio. Together they came to the studio and Ustad Sb played the different songs for his friend. It was a wonder that all the songs had become amenable to composition in Raag Bhairavi.

Ustad Sb continued to work into the mid 1940s. In 1943 came the film ‘Shahenshah Akbar’ for which he had composed 14 songs. In the same period he also composed 12 songs for a film titled ‘Jeevan Ka Saaz’. Unfortunately this latter film remained incomplete.

When the partition of India occurred in 1947, Ustad Sb made a choice to migrate to Pakistan, against the advise of his colleagues and friends in the industry. He went back and settled down in his home town – Gujranwala. He would travel often to Lahore to meet the industry people and friends. He also tried to get associated with the radio service in Pakistan, but that did not work out too well. Not a very long time after his migration, he passed away in Gujranwala, on 7th January, 1952.

Ustad Sb was a very reserved personality, so much so that he avoided even being photographed in company of his friends and co-workers. No images of this person have survived, except one photograph that I am able to acquire with the help from my friend, Javed Hamid. This is the photo that I have used in creating the online video file for this song.

Now, coming to this song. This song has two very peculiar and interesting characteristics. Based so far on the information that I have, this song is written by, and composed by and sung by Ustad Jhande Khan himself. Geet Kosh does not have the singer information. I got the name of the singer from another dear friend, Shri KL Pandey, who has done the monumental work of analyzing the classical raag basis of Hindi film songs. However, there is a little doubt, and another name has also been suggested by my other friend who provided me with the mp3 file of this song. I am awaiting confirmation from two other sources. Meanwhile, in this post I am using the singer name as suggested by KL Pandey ji. If there is a different update confirmed, I will inform the readers and make amends to this post.

Update 22Apr2019: Yes, we do have amendments as far as singer name is concerned. I have inputs from three different collectors. All have informed that the name of the singer is Krishna Rao Chonkar. Now this singer is supposed to have sung other songs in this film also. I specifically asked, and was informed that the name of the singer is not no the gramophone record. So the information is from a different source. That three people concur on this can also mean that all of them are possibly referring to the same source.

The second very interesting thing about this song is also informed by Shri KL Pandey. Of the 17,000+ Hindi film songs that he has analyzed, he has discovered only two songs which are based on Raag Deepak. Raag Deepak is a classical composition that is considered very difficult to render. The interesting thing that Pandey ji has shared is that the so called ‘deepak‘ songs in the the films ‘Tansen’ (1943) – “Diya Jalaao Jagmag Jagmag“, and ‘Sangeet Samrat Tansen’ (1962) – “Deepak Jalaao Jyoti Jagaao“, both these songs are NOT based on Raag Deepak, but are based on Raag Bhoopali.

Update 22Apr2019: The second Hindi film song based on Deepak Raag is “Deepak Kathan Karat. . .” from the film ‘Gaj Gaamini’ from 2000. The song is written by Maya Govind,  music composition is Bhupen Hazaarika, and the singer is Shankar Mahadevan.

So this song being presented today is one of the only two songs so far discovered, which are based on pure Raag Deepak. Listening to this song I am sure you will be able to appreciate the level of difficulty in the rendering of this creation.

And well, yes, Congratulations are due to all, for making to this momentous milestone. I will be following up with another post sharing more about that.

Happy listening and happy journey to all readers and friends on this blog. 🙂

[Ed Note: There a some words that have not been correctly deciphered in the singing. I request other readers and friends to suggest updates to the lyrics. And yes, also to the extended sargam, where I may have made an error in recording it correctly.]

 

Song – Deepak Jo Gaaye So Paaye Gyaan Dhyaan (Shahenshah Akbar) (1943) Singer – Ustad Jhande Khan Krishna Rao Chonkar, Lyrics – Ustad Jhande Khan, MD – Ustad Jhande Khan

Lyrics

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa ga ma pa dha ni sa
sa pa dha pa ga re sa

sa ga pa ma ga ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ga ma pa sa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
jaanat hain re sagre log
deepak hai raag ?? ka
deepak na gaaye sab duniya naa
ye kaam nahin
hai sab ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

anginati ko ginati jaan
ginati
aa ginati maane na bhed bhaav
bhed na jaane
agyaan bhajta
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
jaane ?? anjaane ??
vaani ?? vaa se paaye
bhed aarohan avrohan deepak ka
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

sa sa sa ni re sa
sa ga sa ga ma pa dha ma pa dha
ma pa ga ma pa dha
sa dha re ni sa
sa dha dha ga re sa
pa dha pa ga ma pa
ga ma pa sa
dha pa ma ma ga ga sa ma dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga
dha ma pa ga re
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
sa ga ga ma ga re sa dha pa
dha pa ma ga ga ma ma ga re sa
sa ga ma pa dha
pa pa pa pa ma ma ga ga
dha ma pa ma ga
dha ma pa pa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa
sa pa pa
dha ma ma
ma ga ga
ga re sa

sa ga ma pa
deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed suran ka

deepak jo gaaye
so paaye
gyaan dhyaan sab bhed . . .
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deepak jo gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
bhed suran ka paaye
deepak gaaye
deep. . .

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स ग म प ध नि स
स प ध प ग रे स

स ग प न ग म ध प
ध प म ग म प स
ध प म ग म प स
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
जानत हैं रे सगरे लोक
दीपक है राग ?? का
दीपक न गाये सब दुनिया ना
ये काम नहीं
है सब का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

अनगिनत को गिनती(??) जान
गिनती(??)
आ गिनती माने ना भेद भाव
भेद ना जाने
अज्ञान भजता
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
जाने ?? अंजाने ??
वाणी ?? वा से पाये
भेद आरोहण अवरोहण दीपक का
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

स स स नि रे स
स ग स ग म प ध म प ध
म प ग म प ध
स ध रे नि स
प ध प ग म प
ग म प स
ध प म म ग ग स म ध प
ध प म ग ग
ध म प ग रे
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
स ग ग म ग रे स ध प
ध प म ग ग म म ग रे स
स ग म प ध
प प प प म म ग ग
ध म प म ग
ध म प प
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स
स प प
ध म म
म ग ग
ग रे स

स ग म प
दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद सुरन का

दीपक जो गाये
सो पाये
ज्ञान ध्यान सब भेद॰ ॰ ॰
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
भेद सुरन का पाये
दीपक गाये
दीप॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3923 Post No. : 14990

Today’s song is from an almost unknown film called Zamin Asman-46. The film was made by Saubhagya Pictures, but was promoted and distributed by Prakash Pictures. While HFGK mentions name of Saubhagya, the film booklet and other records show the name of Prakash Pictures. In fact, with this film, not only the rights of this film but the company Saubhagya Pictures was taken over by the Bhatt brothers for Prakash Pictures.

The film was directed by Dwarka Khosla (born in 1904), who started from silent film era. His first Talkie film was Josh E Jawani-35 and he directed, in all, 33 films till his last film Reporter Raju-62. All songs of today’s film were composed by Faiyaz Hashmi (1920 to 29-11-2011), who wrote lyrics for only 9 Hindi films in India. The Music Director was Kamal Dasgupta and today’s song is sung by Jagmohan Sursagar and Kalyani Das.

Kalyani is a name fit for ” Same name Confusion” and I find that though kalyani Bai and kalyani Das were two different singers, most sites, Blogs and even the well known book ” Swaron ki yatra” by Anil Bhargav ji, makes a mix up and they are treated as one person. Let us know who they were….

First Kalyani Bai. Hailing from Turkman gate in Delhi, Kalyani Bai was a born singer. She took lessons from Ustad Vazir khan and in no time started singing on A.I.R and HMV. She recorded many Ghazals, Khayals and Thumris. She was taken to Calcutta at the age of 13 years to act and sing in film Pardesi, which was shelved halfway, but she was offered a job by New Theatres at Rs. 250 pm. Her nickname was Kallo. R C Boral changed her original name Zarina to Kalyani bai.

She acted and sang in 4 films of New Theatres- Anath Ashram, mukti, president and Vidyapati till 1937. She acted with all big stars of that time. Later Chandulal Shah called her to Bombay with Rs. 800 per month and she joined Ranjit in Bombay, doing her first film Toofani Toli-37. After doing 9 films, she left Ranjit and worked for several production houses. In 1945, she was in the famous All Women Qawali in film Zeenat-45- Aahen na bhari, shikve na kiye.

After her marriage in 1948, she left films to raise a family. However, she had to come back to films after after many years to do some films in 1975 onwards. After doing some films with small roles, she realised that her time was gone and she retired completely. Her last years were spent in financial difficulties. She died on 1-10-2009. kalyani Bai acted in 26 films and sang 68 songs in 41 films.

Kalyani Das was born and brought up in Calcutta. She was born in 1927 in Calcutta. Her first Hindi film song came up in film Jawab-1942, but her solo song came in Kurukshetra-45, under the baton of Pt. Ganpatrao. When Kamal Dasgupta went to Bombay, he called her and she sang in film Meghdoot-45, Bindiya-46, Zamin Asman-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Manmani-47, Faisla-47,Giribala-47, Swayamsiddha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49. She sang 37 songs in 11 Hindi films in addition to several songs in Bangla films.

Kalyani Bai left Calcutta in 1937 and kalyani Das started in 1942 in Calcutta. Kalyani Bai never sang for Kamal Dasgupta or any imported Bangla composer. kalyani Das sang only for Kamal Dasgupta (8 films) and in one film each for Ganpat rao, Subal Dasgupta and Prafulla Choudhari. Therefore there need not be any mix up, but you know how it is in Hindi film industry ! Shortcuts are popular.

After Partition in 1947, it did not take long for things to become normal in the Indian film industry. This was mainly because ready replacements were available in plenty to fill the vacancies caused by migration. As far as producers and financers were concerned, almost all producers and film makers had arrived here from Lahore. It was actually Lahore which felt the absence of Film makers. Pakistan film Industry was somehow managed well by the experienced people who went from India and Pakistan enjoyed a ” GOLDEN AGE OF FILMS AND MUSIC ” from 1959 to 1977. Once the old generation retired, there was no second line to take over from them.

The film industry in Pakistan was never an organised one. Moreover the often changing Goverments did not bother to do anything to protect, sustain, help or develop the infrastructure of Film industry. Unlike India, there was neither a Films Division, nor was there anything like Film and Television Institute to build local artistes in different fields.

By 2010,the film industry in Pakistan was in such a poor shape that, against India’s film production of 13526 films in 2011, Pakistan had produced only 7 films in that year !

While Indian films were distributed in over 90 countries, there was no International market for Pakistan films.

All studios in Pakistan were in ruins and Theatres had been demolished.

Can you believe, In the entire Islamabad city, there is ONLY ONE Theatre-a multiplex of 4 screens ! (info from-Filmistan-Javed Shaikh 0n pk.politics.in dated 10-4-2014 )

We heard songs composed by the Music Directors who migrated to Pakistan,i.e. West Pakistan. Today we will talk about a famous and talented composer of Hindi/Bangla films, who migrated to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). His name is KAMAL PRASANNA DASGUPTA or simply, Kamal Dasgupta.

It is a moot point whether Kamal should be called a Film composer or a NFS composer in Hindi and Bangla. He can be called the Originator or the Pioneer, who established NFS during the period from 1935 to 1955. It was he who introduced the word ” Hindustani Song” for NFS on the 78 RPM records.

Kamal Prasanna Dasgupta was born on 28-7-1912 in village Narail,Jessore district in East Bengal. He matriculated in 1928 and did his B.Com. Then he earned a doctorate in music from the Banares Hindu University. His father Tara Prasanna died early. Kamal, his brother Subal and sister Sudhira were brought up by the eldest brother Bimal Dasgupta.

In 1935, he joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, who was also employed there. Kamal was a singer himself and sang many songs in Hindi, Bangla and also Tamil. He tuned almost 400 songs written by Kazi as Nazrul Geeti. It was here that he met and developed the talents of singer Juthika Roy and Jagmohan. The modern songs tuned in Rabindra and a mixed ghazal style were labelled as ” HINDUSTANI SONG ” and soon became popular all over the country. Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi was the third person in the team of Kazi, Kamal and Faiyaz. Besides Jagmohan, Kamal Dasgupta also helped Talat Mehmood and Hemant Kumar to get established with NFS in Hindi and Bangla. His close ties with Juthika Roy were ‘special’. She wanted to marry him, but when it was clear that it was not possible, she chose not to marry at all and remained a spinster throughout her life.

He gave music in 16 Hindi films like Jawab, Hospital, Rani, Meghdoot, Arabian Nights, Bindiya, Krishna Leela, Pehchan, Zameen Aasmaan, Faisla, Giribala, Manmaani, Chandrashekhar, Vijay yatra, Iran ki ek raat and Fulwari. However, except for Jawab and Hospital his songs did not become very popular. Kanan Devi became a National name after she sang “Ye duniya Toofan mail” in Jawab-42. He also gave music in 22 Bangla films.

Kamal was a chain smoker and suffered from Gall Bladder stones. Instead of an operation, he started taking Morphin injection for pain relief, but then he became its addict. His elder brother died and all the family responsibility fell on his shoulders. He had earned a lot, but all his money was lost when his bank went bankrupt. In Calcutta, New Theatres was almost on the verge of closing down. Arrival of new blood in music field took away focus from him and he felt neglected. He became a depressed person. Around 1958 he migrated to Dhaka-East Pakistan. He converted to Islam, changing his name to Kamal Islam. He also married singer Firoza Begum. The got 3 sons and a daughter.

After the emergence of Bangla Desh, the Government tried to help him, but it was too late by then as he had become disillusioned and depressed. In frustration he wrote to a friend “The pictures you see in front, everybody remembers them and praises them. But nobody wants to know the people who work behind the scenes, nor talk about them. That is the nature of the world.”

His was not in good terms with his wife. In his final days, he contracted T.B. Finally he said Good-Bye to this world on 20-7-1974. The originator and populariser of NFS in India and a maker of memorable songs like “Toofan mail” left us forever-unsung !

The Heroine of this film was Ranjana. Now, hardly anyone knows about this actress who had worked as a Heroine with Dilip Kumar also in his early career. One can not get any information about her in any book or on the internet. here is some information about her, for our readers.

Ranjana’s real name was Ratan Shantaram Deshpande. She was born in Nagpur on 20-10-1927. While studying in St. Ursula High School, she learnt dancing and music from well known ustads. After passing her 6th standard examination, she came to Bombay to her elder sister, Kusum Deshpande, who was already working as actress with Minerva Movietone films. Kusum married Vasant Thengadi, a handsome actor in Hindi films of those times.

Kusum arranged for specialised dancing for Ratan in the holidays. later Ratan was taken to Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures for an interview. She was immediately selected and got a role in the famous film Ramrajya-1943. In this film she was Chitralekha, Sita’s sakhi. Vijay Bhatt also changed her name to Ranjana. She was on pay roles of prakash for Rs. 2000 pm. She acted in films like police-44, Vikramaditya-45 and Hamara Sansar-45. Next films were Nai Maa-46 and Zamin Asman-46.

Ranjana was called by Bombay Talkies to do Heroine’s role opposite Dilip Kumar in film Milan-46. This film was based on Bangla film Nauka Doobi written by Tagore. She did the role of Hem Nalini in this film’s Hindi version. The same role was done by Meera Sircar in the Bangla film Nauka Doobi.

After this film, Ranjana was in great demand, but she wanted to quit films and get married to live a simple life. But as the Luck would have it, she had to continue working in films till 1975. She also worked in many Marathi films. In all, she worked in about 35 films or so. Ranjana worked with many big stars of her times like, prem Adeeb, Prithviraj Kapoor, Jairaj,Dilip kumar,Jeevan, Umakant etc etc

It is interesting to note that her sister and her brother in law acted with her in few films. Some such films were Zamin Asman-46 and Shadi se pehle-47. In film Saajan ka Ghar-48 all three had worked together. Her sister Kusum Deshpande was born on 20-11-1914 at Nagpur. She came to Bombay in 1930 and worked in Minerva as an apprentice, without pay. She worked in A.I.R. and some Marathi dramas and films. Her first Hindi film was Ghar ki Rani-40. She also did Charnon ki Daasi-41, Village Girl-45, Wamaq Azra-46 and Zamin Asmaan-46. In all she did 20 Hindi films. She married actor Vasant Thengadi on 30-11-1944.

We have many families like this in Hindi films. I remember Zubeida and her mother and sisters, Sitara Devi and her 2 sisters, Nargis,her mother and brothers, Kapoor family, Dilip kumar, his brother and sister in law, many film couples and families of several film people are examples. Ranjana was perhaps one early example. Thank God this Ranjana was not around when yet another Ranjana came to Hindi films. She was Ranjana Deshmukh, niece of actress Sandhya(nee Vijaya Deshmukh). This Ranjana, however , worked mainly in Marathi films and did only 4 Hindi films starting with the famous film Chaani-77. Unfortunately, she first met with an accident and then died of Heart attack at the age of just 40 years or so.

Film Zamin Asman-46 was about a love triangle. Baburao Patel severely criticised this film and especially Jeevan- the Hero, in his film magazine Film India issue. The film was released on 12-7-1946 at Lamington Theatre, Bombay. The story of the film as outlined in this magazine was-

Nanak Chand (Ramesh Sinha) owns a sugar mill in partnership with Ravi (Jeevan)- son of his dead partner Pooran Chand. Ravi’s marriage with Nirmala (Kusum) is already announced, before he went to England for higher studies, but Ravi is not interested. Ravi is distressed by the plight of his factory workers, he meets Kamala (Ranjana) in a jungle ashramcalled Bharati Ashram. They fall in love.
There is a conflict between Nanak Chand and his workers. Ravi takes workers’ side. Finally, Nanak chand has to bow down and Ravi and Kamala unite.

Here is a duet sung by Kalyani Das and Jagmohan Sursagar. Jagmohan has not sung many songs in Hindi films. He was more interested and famous for his wonderful NFSs. Therefore it is more enjoyable. I like the voice of kalyani Das.

( Thanks to http://www.beetehuedin.blogspot.com for information culled from Kalyani Bai’s interview by Shishir Krishna Sharma ji )


Song-Ek geet sunaana hai hamen ek geet sunaana hai (Zameen Aasmaan)(1946) Singers-Kalyani Das, Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta
Both

Lyrics

Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
rone waalon ko hansaana hai
duniya ko swarg banaana hai
hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte rhain
haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain

haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte hain
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

thhirak thhirak kar jaise baati
aanchal bhar bhar jyot lutaati
ee ee
waise hi

auron ke liye jal jaana hai
jal jaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

ab na rahen ye sapne adhoore ae ae ae
ye geet hamen kar denge poore
ae ae ae

jo khoya hai so paana hai
paana hai ae ae
jo khoya hai so paana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3920 Post No. : 14983 Movie Count :

4097

Today’s song is from a film, which is not only a rare but also an obscure film, about which not much is known. The film is Mera Gaon-1942.

1942 was an important year in the Independence struggle of our country. The historical ” Quit India ” (चले जाव) movement was launched by Gandhiji. He had also appealed to Indians to march towards the villages, where the real India lay, according to his philosophy. Due to unemployment and frequent dry spells in the countryside, the farmers started an influx to the cities leaving their farms. His appeal was towards such people to go back to their villages.

Impressed with Gandhiji’s clarion call, even film makers were eager to make patriotic films and songs. One such patriotic song from film Kismet-43 came under the scan of the British empire and its writer-Kavi Pradeep- had to go underground for some time to avoid arrest. Film Mera Gaon-42 was also one such patriotic film. Though I have not seen this film, I have seen its photos and comments thereon in Film India issues of 1942. A lot can be guessed from it.

The film was made by laxmi productions, Bombay and was directed by a popular and veteran Bangla director Profull Roy. Music was also by a veteran Bangla composer-K C Dey. Bengal’s respected, popular and skilled actress Chhaya Devi also acted in this Hindi film. Prafulla Roy ( Born on 1-1-1892 at Kushtia, Bengal) started his career from silent era by directing 2 silent films. His first talkie film in Hindi was Ramayan-34, made by Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Calcutta.

After New Theatres became well established and made films in Bangla and Hindi competition came up. Calcutta’s New Theatres was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were many Production houses in Calcutta alone. Some of them were- Arora Film Co..,Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir RBS Prodn, Dev-Dutt films, East India F.Co., Indua Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Madan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha F.Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise F.Co., M and S.F.D. Company, and Tollywood studio. ( interesting point is, Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood decades after this Calcutta studio-Tollywood- which continued till today for Bangla Film industry). Only few of these were regular film production houses with own facilities. Most others were formed to produce occasional films, using facilities at the regular production houses.

One of the major production house was Bharat Laxmi. Established in 1934 by Babulal Choukhani in Kolkata, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures became a force to reckon with in Bangla cinema and churned out many important productions in the coming two decades. In the very same year, Choukhani sets up Bharat Lakshmi Studio in Tollygunge and gets industry stalwarts like Ahindra Chowdhury, Jahar Ganguly and Dhiraj Bhattacharya to collaborate with him on some major projects of this decade. Prolific, resourceful and immensely enterprising, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures holds a key position in the history of Bangla cinema.

This Bharat Laxmi Pictures had taken Prafull Roy as its director for Bangla and Hindi films. Roy directed 12 films in Hindi. 9 out of them were made in Calcutta, 1 film in Lahore (Prem yatra-37) and 2 in Bombay (Mera Gaon-42 and Phulwari-51). Roy had also acted in 2 New Theatres films, namely Millionaire-36 and Mukti-37.

Chhaya Devi, who was a very well known name in Bangal, came to Bombay for this film, only on the special request of Prafull Roy. Same reason for K C Dey also for this film.

Chhaya Devi – one of the greatest actresses to have ever graced the cinema screen. At a time when women were few in acting, this lady dedicated herself wholeheartedly to the art of cinema and music. Quite less is known of Chhaya Devi about her early life.

Chhaya Devi was born in Bhagalpur in the year 1921 in a very educated and aristocrat family. Her father was Haradhan Gangopadhay. Chhaya Devi was known as “Kanak” in her childhood. Chhaya Devi started her primary education in Mikkhoda Girls School of Bhagalpur. Then her father shifted to Delhi. There she was adimitted in the Indraprastha Girls School. As per her family regulations she was married to Buddhadeb Chattopadhay at the age of only 11. In her early years of marriage, she suffered domestic violence from her husband who was the head master at the Zila School in Ranchi. In an effort to escape the torture and lead a more independent life, She came to Kolkata with her father, when she was a student of tenth standard.

In Kolkata she started taking lessons in music from legendary singer Krishna Chandra Dey. She was introduced to Upen Goswami of East India Film Company by her cousin Suresh Chandra. Suresh Chandra was a theatre enthusiast and a close friend to Upen Goswami. East India Film Company engaged Chhaya Devi for their film “Pather Seshe” in lien of a low remuneration of Rs. 750/-. There after Debaki Basu gave her a chance in “Sonar Sangsar”. This film was released in the year 1936 and it brought fame to Chhaya Devi. She then acted in films like “Rajani”, “Chhinna Haar”, “Pratisodh” and Devika Basu directed Hindi film “Bidyapati”. Suddenly she left film acting and went back to Bhopalpur. There she started taking lessons on classical music from Damodar Mishra. She used to sing Khayal and Thumri from Radio Station. She learnt classical dancing from Shanku Maharaj and Bela Aruab. After few years on request of director Sushil Majumdar and others Chhaya Devi again returned to the film industry. She acted in “Abhayer Biye”. She also sang a few songs in that film.She acted on multi-version (Bengali-Hindi-Tamil) film “Ratnadwip”. Apart from Bengali films she simultaneously acted in many Hindi films in this second phase. Her remarkable films were “Dada Thakur”, “Raja Ram Mohon”, “Arogyo Niketan”, “Sapta Padi”, “Apanjan” etc.

Though Chhaya Devi debuted in Bengali movie Sonar Sansar in 1936, she acquired fame for the outstanding acting in the role of Queen Lakshmi in the movie Bidyapati in 1938.From lead female roles in her early days to character roles in her later years, Chhaya Devi had shown her creative ability in acting. In Atal Jaler Ahwan (1962), she stole the heart of the viewers with her soft and loving acting as mother of Soumitra Chatterjee. In Deya Neya (1963) she acted as the helpless mother of the aspirant singer Prashanta (Uttam Kumar). In the movie Saat Pake Badha (1963) she was the heartless, rude and indifferent mother of Suchitra Sen opposing the affair of her daughter with Soumitra. Chhaya Devi played the role of the mother of Uttam Kumar in many films. In Anthony Firingee (1967), Chhaya Devi was mother of Hensman Antony (Uttam Kumar). Apanjan, an outstanding film directed by Tapan Sinha in 1967, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali, as well as several BFJA Awards, was considered having one of the best of the performances of Chhaya Devi. In Podi Pisir Bormi Bakso (1972), a children’s movie made from a story written by Leela Majumdar and directed by Arundhati Devi, Chhaya Devi played an unforgettable lead comic role of Podi Pisi, the widowed elderly aunt.

Chhaya Devi acted in only 8 Hindi films, namely Vidyapati-37, The Rise-39, Mera Gaon-42, Shri Ramanuj-43. Uttara Abhimanyu-46, Jogi aur Jawani-75, Aalaap-77 and Rang Birangi-83. Chhaya Devi died on 27-4-2001.

The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Chhaya Devi, Jairaj, K C Dey, Majid, Agha, Moti, Kashinath etc. There were 10 songs in the film, all written by Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt. Raghunath Brahmbhatt was born on 13-12-1892. He was a famous Gujarati poet and also a popular playwright. He was aptly called ‘Rasakavi’ or ‘Poet of rasa’. He began his career by writing erotic poems that became very popular. His plays mainly tackled mythological and historical subjects, such as Buddhadev i.e. ‘The God Buddha’, Sringi rishi i.e. ‘Mountain Sage’, Ajatsatru, Saraswatichandra, Sneh mudra i.e. ‘Ring of Affection’. He followed Sanskrit dramaturgy i.e. a novelty when Shakespearean adaptations ruled the Gujarati stage. His adaptations of Nanalal Kavi’s verse plays and Govardhanrams novel, Saraswatichandra, were highly appreciated by audiences. He is accepted in literary circles as a major dramatist, a rare recognition for a writer of the old professional theatre. His autobiography Smaran manjari i.e. ‘Cluster of Memories’ in 1955 traces the history of Gujarati theatre over three decades beginning from 1910.

Darpana’s productions of his play Kalyan rajya i.e. ‘Benevolent Kingdom’ in 1962 points to his ability to attract the experimental theatre. Raghunath Brahmbhatt died on 11-7-1983. He wrote lyrics for just 6 Hindi films- Do deewane-36, Baaraat-42, Mera Gaon-42, Ashirwad-43, Bhakta Bilwamangal-48 and Roop sundari-49.

Here is the rare song, sung by K C Dey, an unknown female and chorus.


Song-Nandrani ki kasam, Thakurani ki kasam (Mera Gaaon)(1942) Singers- K C Dey, unknown female voice, Lyrics- Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt, MD- K C Dey
chorus

Lyrics

Nandrani ki kasam,
Thakurani ki kasam
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansi ke bajaane
?? ke laal
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi

jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansuri ?? kanhaayi
kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
bajaayi
toone ?? karaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi
baansuri ?? kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
toone murli chalaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi

koi haath ke kangan
aaha
koi haath ke kangan
aha
koi kangan ke ratan
bhool aayi re
gori haath ke kangan
gori haath ke kangan
koi rang ke ratan
bhool aayi re
ho kanhaiyya
saamne ho
kanhaiyya saamne

giridhaari ee ee ee ee
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam

baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se
baja re prem se
ho baja re prem se
prem ki ye bansari
gopal
baja le prem se
prem ki hai bansari
?? kunj mein gopal baja le
prem se
baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3919 Post No. : 14982

 

Today’s song is from film ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944).

Hindi film makers seem to have an attraction for Mughal Empire. Films were made on life events of right from Babar to Bahadurshah Zafar- the first to the last Mughal kings. I do not know what the film makers found so magnetic in their lives. Not only Mughal kings, but also the Mongol king Changez khan, Nadir Shah and generals like Behram Khan also became the subject matters of films. May be the producers found lot of scope to show big palaces, big armies, wars, dances and songs, beautiful women etc. in such films which attracted the audience.

More than any other Mughal king, it is Babar, who has been in public discussion in India , since about 20-30 years, for well known reasons for which we are not concerned here. Babar was born as Zaheeruddin Mohammed, on 14-2-1483 in Fergana valley in what is known today as Uzbekistan. He was a direct descendant of Taimurlane. At the age of 12 years he ascended his father’s thrown and faced rebellion. Next few years were spent on fighting to save his kingdom. Having lost, and won and again lost the valley of Fergana and Samarkand three times, Babar decided to go to India.

He marched with his army towards India, which was ruled by Ibrahim Khan Lodhi that time. Babar’s army was tired and tried rebellion till they reached India. In the battle of Panipat, he defeated Lodhi and became the Emperor of India. Later he fought with several Rajput kings and won also. Babar married several times and had several children too. His 3 sons were main and Humayun was his dearest son. Babar established the Mughal Empire in 1526 at Delhi. It was Humayun, who succeeded Babar when he died on 26-12-1530.

‘Shahenshah Babar’ is a depiction of his life from childhood to death, but most part of the film is about the love affair and sickness of Humayun. After his death Babar was first buried in Agra, but later his remains were buried again in Kabul. Babar is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan and Kergystan. In India Babar is not known for such good things.

This film was made by Ranjit Movietone, calling it a historical film. It was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi (20-4-1908 to 4-8-1990). He directed 5 films, namely, ‘Swaminath’ (1942), ‘Jawaani’ (1942), ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944), ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945) and ‘Nishaana’ (1950). He wrote lyrics in films like ‘Watan’ (1938), ‘Hum Tum Aur Woh’ (1938), ‘Bahen’ (1941), ‘Roti’ (1942) and ‘Jawaani’ (1942). Later he became famous as a screenplay and dialogue writer. Some of his famous films are ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Shaheed’ (1948), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Mother India’ (1957), ‘Yahudi’ (1958). ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961), ‘Leader’ (1964), ‘Palki’ (1967) etc.

The music director was Khemchand Prakash and lyricists were Pt. Indra, Munshi Aziz and Munshi Shums. Out of the 9 songs, today’s song is 5th song to be discussed here. The cast of the film was Khurshid, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Yakub, Majid, Anwari, Agha and others.

Religious, mythological or historical stories have some characters who are with extra ordinary strength or even Rakshasas. Such characters maintained the equilibrium of entertainment in those films and made them more interesting with their actions. In the Hindi film industry, some actors fitted this requirement. Some of them were BM Vyas, Ramayan Tiwari, Sheikh Mukhtar, Dara Singh, Dev kumar etc. Sheikh Mukhtar fitted into these roles perfectly, for example as ‘Nadir Shah’ in film ‘Nadir Shah’ (1968), as Changez Khan in film ‘Changez Khan’ (1957), or as Sher Afghan in film ‘Noor Jehan’ (1967). In social films, roles of police officers and in action/stunt films as dacoit, drunkard, gambler etc. In some of the films directors used to make him do unimaginable and unbelievable acts like in film ‘Roti’ (1942), he brings down an aircraft with his spear throw ! As a police officer, he would hold 5-6 criminals by their scruff in his extra large hands or run barefoot after a speeding jeep and stop it !

His real name was Mukhtar Ahmed Siddiqi. He was from old Delhi. His father was a senior police officer. He was Bollywood`s first ‘hunk’ – one who would have put today`s WWF hulks to shame. Exceptionally tall and frighteningly hefty, he was endowed with an immense physique. His face was a roadmap of crisscrossing muscles. A sharp jaw line added to the dimensions of his rock-hard face. Hardly `star` material compared to the Hrithiks and Salmans of today. Yet, this rugged man was once a hero.

Those were the days when a limp-wristed hero, who could not even unlock the mysteries of the lush curls of his beloved, was universally adored in cinema halls. In such times, Sheikh Mukhtar adorned the garb of a hero. This feat was achieved by movie monarch Mehboob Khan. In ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (aka ‘The Only Way’), a film directed by Mehboob Sb for Sagar Movietone way back in 1939, Sheikh Mukhtar was one of the three heroes. The other two were Arun Ahuja (matinee idol Govinda`s father) and a certain Harish (who later directed films such as ‘Burma Road’, he was Tara Harish). Though billed as male lead, Sheikh Mukhtar never fitted into the `romantic` mold. And why should he? He portrayed an uncouth lover, almost a pre-Neanderthal man, in Mehboob Khan`s ‘Roti’ with sensuous Sitara Devi as his beloved. In that film, Sheikh would bring down an aircraft with the mere strike of his spear. When thirsty, he would empty an entire bucket down his throat in one go. Soppy dialogues oozing with maudlin emotions such as love and romance, did not come forth from the super-hunk.

In Wadia`s ‘Krishnabhakt Bodana’ (1944), Sheikh Mukhtar was the Lord`s devotee. In ‘Bahen’ (1941), he portrayed the role of Nalini Jaywant’s brother. His imposing personality fitted well into period films which dabbled in history. He played the role of Shahenshah Babar; went on to become Chengez Khan and then donned the mantle of Sher Afghan in ‘Noor Jehan’, a film which he produced. He was often teamed with Begum Para, the bewitching beauty of that era. The pair hit it off exceedingly well on the screen. For countless cinema aficionados, the Sheikh Mukhtar-Begum Para pair was a classic case of the beauty and the beast. With pint-sized Mukri, Sheikh Mukhtar had a successful celluloid partnership. Sheikh Mukhtar produced a string of Hindi films, such as ‘Dada’, ‘Dara’, ‘Ustad Pedro’, ‘Toote Taare’, ‘Mr. Lambu’, ‘Annadaata’, ‘Mangu’ (with another beauty, Nigar Sultan), ‘Do Ustaad’, and ‘Noor Jehan’, among others.

He wove into his films a variety of songs, from “Bahaaron Ke Dole Mein Aayi Hai Jawaani”, a romantic number from ‘Annadaata’, to naughty ditties, such as “Dil Ka Ye Injan Seetiyaan Maare” from ‘Ustaad Pedro’, and “Namaste, Doctor Baaro, Hum Ko Bhi Ek Injection Maaro”. Sheikh Mukhtar`s pair of shoes, of twelve number size, (in ‘Do Ustaad’), summed up his big time existence. His role in this film was widely appreciated. Sheikh Mukhtar showcased his acting talents in the concluding scene of ‘Do Ustaad’ when he holds his long-lost brother and son to his bosom.

Sheikh Mukhtar invested all his hard-earned money on ‘Noor Jehan’, his dream project. However, the period film bombed miserably at the box office. And with the film collapsed this mighty man. Debts began to pile up. Income Tax arrears kept multiplying in geometrical progression. Unable to resolve this crisis, Sheikh Mukhtar, who was adored in Bollywood for his integrity and for his firmness to keep vices of every variety at bay, fled to Pakistan with the alacrity of a small-time house burglar. He took with him the prints of his films. But, sadly, the Pakistan film industry offered him no succor. He kept running from pillar to post, visiting government offices with a plea that he be allowed to release his films.

He was not at all welcomed by Pak film industry. As it is Indian films were already banned there. When all efforts failed, he met General Zia ul Haq. He was a great fan of Sohrab Modi. When he learnt that Sohrab Modi was acting in this film, he allowed the film’s release. However, the Pak film industry went to Supreme court against this order. The case dragged on and finally on 11th may 1980 he won the case. While hee was returning to Lahore with his son Sheikh Moinuddin, Mukhtar got a severe heart attack in the flight. He was immediately taken home and doctor was called. Strangely no doctor came to help him. Finally by the time he was taken to hospital, he died on the way.

‘Noor Jehan’, which was released in Pakistan after Sheikh Mukhtar died, on 23rd may 1980, kept the box office registers ringing with cash. In his 40 years’ career he acted in 70 films and under the banner of his own Omar Khayyam Films, he produced 8 films. (Some information from articles by Shirish Kanekar and Jawed Hamid is used here with thanks).

Singer actress Khurshid played the heroine Hameeda’s role and sang good songs too. Here is an edited interview of Khursheed, taken in 1992,by Pakistani journalist, Navid Rasheed (Thanks to Cineplot)..

Khursheed Bano was born as Irshad Begum in Lahore, on 14th April 1914. As a child she resided in the Bhatti Gate area next to Allama Iqbal’s house. The two families were pretty close. Khursheed was a child then. There was no ambition of joining the showbiz bandwagon then and it was by chance that led her to this arena.

Khursheed was very still young when she became an actress in the early 30’s. The era of the silent movies had already ended with the release of ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 and the Indian film industry was going through a revolution. What set her apart from other heroines were her attractive face and certain flamboyance owing to which she made her presence felt. And then she was very good actress who could be melodramatic and happy-go-lucky with equal ease.

Each star then was required to playback for themselves and Khursheed was lucky to have a good voice. Hence started the brilliant era of some timeless classical and exemplary numbers like “Panchhi Baawraa Chaand Se Preet Lagaaye”.

The graceful and decent actress was luckier to secure some of the best films including ‘Sitaara’, ‘Shaadi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Bhagat Surdas’, ‘Dekha Jayega’, ‘Shehanshah Babar’ and ‘Tansen’. ‘Pardesi’ had a very famous soundtrack comprising of memorable numbers by the late actress. In ‘Tansen’ she played the protagonist Tani with Kundan Lal Saigal as Tansen. Together they made indelible performances and the role took her to great heights. She even transcended Saigal with her strong performances and pretty looks and her fans started calling her Tani after that. Her leading men in those days apart from Saigal were Motilal, Ishwar Lal, Nazeer and Sadiq Ali. She made a successful pair with Motilal the most. Her female contemporaries included actresses of caliber like Kanan Bala, Devika Rani, Leela Chitnis, Suraiya, Swaranlata and Noor Jehan. The last three were her juniors.

Khursheed said that there was no such thing as rivalry in those days and actresses worked in close coordination. Abusing, backbiting or gossiping was not amongst their traits. Even the male stars with whom she worked treated her with great respect and there were no scandals.

Though she was an accomplished singer, acting remained her forte and first love. “Singing was a requirement to be a heroine in those days”, she said, “and even heroines with not too good voices were forced to sing if they were to act. But the composers were so good that they managed to get the best out of them then. Each song was recorded after several rehearsals. But I was an actress first and singing was just to complement that.”

Khursheed was not too happy with the way films shaped up in the years to come. So much so that she never wanted to see films anymore. In the interview she expressed her displeasure, “In spite of the resources and much higher budget, there is not a single film maker in the entire sub continent who could make a film even half as good as the films made in my era. Ours were simple films but treated well and had strong content. Plus the hard work and honesty of each unit member reflected in the entire film. This thing is missing now. A film is not only about technique, rather the issue, sensitivity and sincere dedication too.

Following partition in 1947, Khursheed opted to move to Pakistan. She worked in two Pakistani films too – ‘Mandi’ and ‘Fankaar’. But then she decided to quit and tied the knot with a Karachi – based businessman Yousaf Bhai Mian. They had one daughter who lived in the US when the interview was conducted. She then concentrated on her marriage alone and emerged equally successful on the home front as much as she was in films. She was happy that she quit films before their standards declined .

Khursheed died on 18-4-2001 at Lahore.

Khursheed Bano sang about 170 songs in about 40 films in India. Her life and career would have been like any other actor/singer, but for the controversy of her initiation into films as ‘SHEHLA’ ( HFGK writes this name as SHAILA ) at Calcutta between 1931 and 1935. It was finally and conclusively proved by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, that Khurshid and Shehla were different and two separate individuals.

The story of film Shahenshah Babar,

The film starts with the march of Babar’s army to India in 1526, with flashbacks of his childhood and activities as an young man. Defeating Ibrahim Khan Lodhi in the battle of Panipat, Babar becomes Emperor of India.

One of his knights Sardar Sheikh has a daughter Hameeda. She and Babar’s son Humayun fall in love and meet often. When Babar comes to know this, he takes a promise from Humayun that he will forget Hameeda. Humayun promises and leaves Hameeda. Heart broken Hameeda is taken by her father to their native place .

Humayun falls ill and is on death bed. To save his life Babar prays to God that he saves Humayun and instead give death to Babar. In addition, he himself goes and brings back Hameeda to Humayun. In few months Humayun gets well, but Babar dies.

I distinctly remember, when I was studying in 5th or 6th standard, we had a lesson “The Power of Prayer” and in this lesson Babar and Humayun’s story was told, how Babar sacrifices his life for son’s life by praying to God. The film too has the same theme. It seems this story is there in ‘Humayun-Nama’ written by Gulbadan Begum, half sister of Humayun. I have not seen this film.

Today’s song is a duet of Zohrabai and Munshi Aziz. The song is written by Pt. Indra.

(Some information has been used, with thanks, from book ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947’, by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji.)

Song – Hamen Bhool Mat Jaiyo Raja Ji  (Shahenshah Babar) (1944) Singer – Zohrabai, Munshi Aziz, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

ho raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
o raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
ulajh mat jaee
ulajh mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
ho raja ji
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
paagal na ban jaiyo
ho paagal na ban jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dil to rahega paas tumhaare
dil to rahega paas tumhaare
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
o rani ji
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
ho raja ji
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
machal mat jaiyo
haaye machal mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo o rani ji
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

हो राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस

राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस
उलझ मत जइ
उलझ मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
हो राजा जी
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
पागल ना बन जइयो
हो पागल ना बन जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
ओ रानी जी
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
हो राजा जी
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
मचल मत जइयो
हाए मचल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो ओ रानी जी
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3913 Post No. : 14973

Today’s song is from the film Dekho ji-47.

The film was made by Punjab Film Corporation and was produced and directed by its owner Wali Sahab. He also wrote the lyrics. The music was by Tufail Faruqi and his assistant Sabir Hussain ( 5 and 6 songs credited respectively).

This was one of the films of 1947, from which almost everyone- the cast, producer, director, lyricist, composers etc etc all migrated to Pakistan after Partition- some immediately and few after some time. This was of course not unusual. As the year 1947 began, news was circulating about the partition. Like many other industries, Film industry was also worried. There was an air of uncertainty. Who will stay and who will migrate was hotly debated in the privacy of homes, studios and clubs. People looked at each others with suspicion. Muslims were worried about their safety in India, in spite of the assurances by Gandhi and Nehru.

Crores of rupees were invested in films. After the second world war started in 1939, lot of Black money was generated and much of it came to Film industry. Investors, Financiers and producers were worried about half made films. Everybody seemed to be in a hurry to finish his assignment on hand. Due to this the quantity of films increased,sadly at the cost of quality. 1947 saw a record number of films made in 1947- 181 Hindi films, the highest ever since films were made. It took another 40 years to break this record in 1988, when 185 films were made.

Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time. Films like Aisa Kyun, Atom Bomb, Barrister, Beete Din, Chalte chalte, Chandrahaas, Dehati, Daulat Ke Liye, Extra Girl, Farz, Gaurav, Gudiya, Heera, Janata, Jhalak, Khandaani, Lalat, Manmani, mere Bhagwan, Mohan, Nai Baat, Pehla Pyar, Paro, Riwaz, Shabari, Shahkaar, Tohfa, Toote Dil, Veerangana are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them ? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, Mohan had Dev Anand as Hero, Lalat was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in Chandrahaas etc etc.

Not that ALL films were bad. Certainly some famous and excellent films providing some Milestones of Hindi cinema were also made in 1947, like Aapki Sewa Mein (First playback song of Lata M), Bela (all 10 songs by Zohrabai Ambalawali), Dard (Debut song of Umadevi), Elaan (a bold Muslim social film by Mehboob Khan), Jugnu (the only film of Dilip kumar and Noorjehan), Meera (all 18 songs by MS Subbulaxmi), Mirza Sahibaan (last film of Noorjehan in India), Neel Kamal ( debut of Raj kapoor and Madhubala as lead pair), Parwana (Last film of KL Saigal), Shadi Se Pehle ( first duet of Rafi and Lata) and Shehnai (epoch making music by C Ramchandra).

Nevertheless partition did have an impact on the Film industry, due to the migration of artistes from both countries. LAHORE an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major Film making Centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there. The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days Lahore was called ” a supply source” for Bombay, as many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from there.

In the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Hindus shifted to Bombay and Muslims left for Lahore. But there were some reverse migrations also in this period. One example each is of Sahir Ludhiyanvi who migrated to India, and Deebo Bhattacharya from Calcutta migrated to Karachi and prospered in Pakistan as a successful music director.

Some of the families got divided, like Mehboob Khan opted to remain in India, but his brother MR Khan remained in Pakistan and worked as a well known producer. Juhi Chawla’s grandfather JC Anand and uncle Satish Anand stayed in Lahore. Consequently they became the pioneers of Pakistan Film Industry. After the divorce Rafi’s first wife also migrated to Pakistan with her children.

At the actual time of Partition some artists were in Lahore for film work. They were BR Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, IS Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, OP Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur and Pushpa Hans. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor – comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow boarded the train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travelers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artistes from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and the condition of Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and

2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were – Noor jahan, Khursheed Anwar, GA Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarachavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb, Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalaywala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

Some of the unfortunate ones were – Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Sheikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya Devi, Ghulam Hyder, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

There was a second wave of Migration in the 50s, during which many artistes like Veera, Rattan Kumar, Rehana, Mumtaz Shanti, Meena Shorey, Wali Sahib, K Anwar etc migrated to Pakistan.

Partition did some damage to India, but as there was a second line waiting to take over, the impact was negligible. However, Pakistan had to build a new film industry with the help of the migrant artistes in almost all departments of film making. Once this generation ended their career,unfortunately there was not much of a second line to take over in Pakistan.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inaayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films- Aaina-44 and Director-47), Tufail Farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekho Ji-47). Inayat Hussain of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, in 1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined All India Radio, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘-46. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave opportunity to a young but promising new comer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Ji’-47. Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 6 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition, Tufail migrated to Pakistan, along with family and Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ -1970 had a song- ”Mera sona des kissan da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye desh hai veer jawanon ka” from ‘Naya Daur’-57. The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he got a son-Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He had married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He passed away in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Film ‘Dekho Ji’s cast was Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Khatoon, Haroon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc. Anjum was the hero in this film. From his photos in Film India issues of 1946, he looked to be a very handsome young man. He was also seen in 2 more films-‘Bichhade Balam’ and ‘Rehnuma’, both of 1948. After this, I guess, he migrated to Pakistan like many other artistes, because now his name appears in many films made in Pakistan, during the period 50s to the 80s. Some of his films made there are, ‘Waada’-57, ‘Nai Ladki’-58, ‘Beqasoor’-69, ‘Shami’-89 etc.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpore and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs.40 p.m. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’-31 and ‘Gul Bakavli’-32. He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in film ‘Fidai Tohid’-34 as a hero. He gave music to film ‘Gunehgar’-36. He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’-38 and ‘Daughters of India’-39. His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’-35. He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’-41.

His best role came in ‘Sharada’-42, as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in film ‘Keemat’-46. Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’-41, ‘Armaan’-42, ‘Sukh Dukh’-42, ‘Kanoon’-43, ‘Sanjog’-43, ‘Geet’-44 and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’-45. After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’-49, ‘Namoona’-49 and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’-49. After this he possibly migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of Film India magazine was his fan.

I have no idea whatsoever about the story line of this film. From the various photographs and comments in Film India 1946 issues, the film seemed to be interesting and entertaining with dance, drama and songs. It seems the film was completed in record time, but it was not released in 1947 for sure. Actually, most of the 1947 censored movies got released in 1948, due to the disturbed political atmosphere in the country in 1947.

Here is a very melodious song from this film, sung by Shamshad Begum.


Song-Baalam Pardesia Saajan Pardesia (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Shamshad Begum, Lyrics- Wali sahab, MD-Tufail Farooqui

Lyrics

baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia
kaali ghataayen ghir ghir aayin
ghir aayin
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni ee
jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
haaye raam
kaun sautan man bhaayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
ansuwan se ho gayi
sagaai re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
teri khabariya na aayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia aa aa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया
काली घटाएँ घिर घिर आईं
घिर आईं
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
हाए राम
कौन सौतन मन भाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
अंसुवन से हो गई सगाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
तेरी खबरिया ना आई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3908 Post No. : 14965

“Phool Aur Kaante”(1948) was directed by Achyut Ranade for Navyug Chitrapat, Bombay. The movie had Lalita Pawar, Salvi, Saroj Borkar, Mohan Sahgal, Master Ratan, Swaroop Sahgal, Tulsi Bai, Shalini, Chaube etc in it.

The movie had twelve songs in it. Four songs from this movie have been discussed in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Phool aur Kaante”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Vishwamitra Adil is the lyricist. Music is composed by Dada Chandekar.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Ik teer jigar par khaa ke ham(Phool aur Kaante)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics- Vishwamitra Adil, MD-Dada Chandekar

Lyrics

ik teer jigar pe khaa kar hum
ik teer jigar pe khaa kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
seene mein aag laga kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe

nazron ke bhi takkar khoob rahi
ladti bhi rahin sharma bhi gayin
nazron ke bhi takkar khoob rahi
ladti bhi rahin sharma bhi gayin
par dil se dil takra kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
ik teer jigar pe khaa kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe

jab yaad kisi ki aati hai
jab yaad kisi ki aati hai
aankhon se aansu girte hain
dil mein toofaan uthhaa kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
ik teer jigar pe khakar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe

hain phool aur kaante donon hi
ulfat ki rangeeli raahon mein
hain phool aur kaante donon hi
ulfat ki rangeeli raahon mein
ulfat mein paaon badhaa kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
ik teer jigar pe khaa kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
seene mein aaga laga kar hum
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe
na idhar ke rahe
na udhar ke rahe


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3907 Post No. : 14963

“Lakhpati”(1948) was directed by Ravindra Jaikar for Fim Chitra Corporation, Bombay. This “social” movie had Sulochana Chatterji, D M Sapru, Rajan Haksar, Om Prakash, Baby Tabassum, LLeela Chitnis, Narmada Shankar, Dharpure, Nagotkar, Satyapal etc in it.

This forgotten movie had eleven obscure songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Lakhpati”(1948) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meena Kapoor. Qamar Jalalabadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Kahaan ban thhan ke gudiya hamaari chali (Lakhpati)(1948) Singer-Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Qamar Jalalabadi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram

Lyrics

Kahaan ban thhan ke
Kahaan ban thhan ke gudiya hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
Kahaan ban thhan ke
Kahaan ban thhan ke gudiya hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
Kahaan ban thhan ke

roop tera suhaana
nazar na lage
hai bura ye zamaana
nazar na lage
hai bura ye zamaana
nazar na lage
o nazar na lage
Kahaan darr darr ke
Kahaan darr darr ke bahna hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
Kahaan darr darr ke
Kahaan darr darr ke bahna hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
kahaan ban thhan ke

ik nazar dekh kar muskura de zara
hum na rokenge itna bata de zara
hum na rokenge itna bata de zara
o bata de zara
kahaan bach bach ke
kahaan bach bach ke bahna hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
kahaan bach bach ke
kahaan bach bach ke bahna hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
kahaan ban thhan ke
kahaan ban thhan ke gudiya hamaari chali
o hamaari chali
kahaan ban thhan ke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3903 Post No. : 14955 Movie Count :

4086

Today’s song is a rare song from film Salma-1943.

Like in my earlier post on film ‘ Arab ka Sitara’-46 dt 13-3-2019, in this Blog, about 3-4 years ago also I had discussed the issue of very few films made in India, on Muslim Social issues and also on other minority communities, for that matter. One of our readers from USA, Mr. Salim Shah-son of actress Indurani aka Ishrat jehan siddiqi- wrote an E mail to me on this issue. He had said that the film market is driven by the needs of the majority and hence not many producers dare to make films on minorities, which have a very small and limited market. I agreed, as this was a very logical explanation to my loud thinking.

When I planned to write on Muslim social films or films with Muslim backgrounds, I noticed that from 1933 to 1942 (10 years) only 15 such films were made. Then from 1943 to 1947, a whopping 23 films were made in just 5 years ! These are only rough and estimated figures, without going into much details and avoiding films like Pukar-39 and Humayun-45 or Shahajehan-46. In 1947 alone there were 9 such films.

What could be the reason for this sudden surge in Muslim social films ? I think, by 1943, it was almost certain that India would be divided on Religion basis and Pakistan would be a New separate country for Muslims. This possibly increased the awareness of a need for improvement in the Muslim population. May be, I am wrong. One can only hazard a guess on such matters.

Director Mehboob started his production company by making the film Najma-43 and later also he made films like Elaan-47. He is on record why he made such progressive films, despite the risk from fundamentalists involved. Anyway, we leave the matter here only. Now that the Muslim population has increased considerably from 1951 (3.5 crores or 9.8%) to 2011 (17.2 crores or 14.2%), let us hope to see more such films. Equally disturbing is to see rare films on Christian, parsee, Budhist, Jain, etc minorities.

Film Salma-43 was actually a story of two thick girl friends. The film story was written by Munshi Dil. Screenplay, dialogues and Lyrics were by Hasrat Lucknowi. Music was by Pt. Gobind Ram. The cast was Sitara devi, Ishwarlal, Yakub, Urmila, Majid, Azra, Anwari etc etc. The film was directed by Nazir Ahmed khan. It was made by his own Hind Pictures.

This was also the period when Nazir had married Sitara Devi. Saadat Hasan Manto, in his famous book ‘ Stars from another sky” has described very juicy stories about Sitara- her many lovers, Nazir and his Nephew K.Asif. Sitara eloped with Asif to Delhi to marry him, after conversion to Islam with a new name Allah Rakhi, the book says. Returning to Bombay, after some time, Asif himself made a Muslim Social film, ” Phool’-45, with Sitara as the Heroine. More about this film some other time.

Nazir Ahmad Khan (1910–28-8-1983) was a Indian / Pakistani film actor, director and producer. He was the first successful film hero in independent Pakistan. Nazir was associated with almost two hundred films during his career, which spanned over a period of 55 years.Nazir Ahmed was widely known as Bao Jee in the film industries in India and in Pakistan.
It was in the late 1920s when Nazir went to Calcutta along with A.R. Kardar, and appeared in a character role in Kardar’s Sarfarosh (aka ‘The Daring One’) in 1929. Kardar later made Heer in which Nazir played the role of the Qazi. Both these films are from the silent era. He also did a secondary role in Kardar’s Mysterious Bandit.

Nazir went to Bombay. During this period he was cast in leading roles in Rajputana Ka Sher, Chandaal Chaukri, Badmaash Ka Baita and Pahari Sawar.

In 1934 he went back to Calcutta on the request of his old friend Kardar to act in his productions of Chandra Gupta, Sultana, Milaap, Mandar, Night Bird and Aab-e-Hayat.

In Calcutta Nazir won laurels for his role of Chanakya in Chandra Gupta. To perform this role realistically, Nazir had his head shaved completely to authentically perform the role of the ancient Indian minister.

In 1939, both Nazir and Kardar moved to Bombay and under Kardar’s banner he performed his most well remembered and renowned character role in Baghbaan, which besides creating box office records also established him as a hero.

Shokh Dilruba, Sher ka Panja, Shamaa, Midnight Mail, Swami Pooja, Apni Nagaria, Laila Majnu, Wamaq Azra, Sandaisa, Kaljug, Society, Chher Chhar, Aabroo, Salma, Gaon Ki Gori, Maa Baap ki Laaj, Yaadgar, Malika and Abida and several other hit films of that era are credited to his name. He also produced and Directed many of them. Most of the films directed by him saw the milestones of being Silver Jubilees.He acted in 25 films and directed 8 films in India.He even sang 7 songs in 5 films.

Nazir’s studio and the offices of Hind Pictures were burnt down during the riots in 1946-47. Nazir stood quietly outside his burning studio,smoking a cigarette and watching the ashes.In 1947, Nazir migrated to Pakistan. He left everything he had behind in Bombay and shifted to Lahore. He started from scratch and in the process became one of the pioneers of the Pakistan film industry.

He produced and directed Saachai, as his first film in the newly born Pakistan. It was followed by the first Silver Jubilee film of Pakistani Cinema, Pheray. Nazir completed Pheray in just one month, followed by Larey. His other movies include Shehri Babu, Anokhi Daastan, Shamaa, Heer, Khatoon, Noor-e-Islam and Azmat-e-Islam.

During the 1960s, he disassociated himself from Pakistani cinema, with the decline in this industry. He could not reconcile himself with the qualitatively declining trends in this industry.

Nazir was first married to his cousin Sikandara Begum. He was the Maternal Uncle of K.Asif,Director of Mughal E Azam. Later he married Sitara Devi and before going to Pakistan,he married his Heroine Swarnalata.

He died in 1983.

The story of film Salma – 43 was….

Salma (Sitara) and Suraiya (Urmila) grew up in Kanpur as very close friends. When they became marriageable, Salma’s father Abdul Majid (Majid) fixed her marriage with Dr. Masood (Ishwarlal) of Allahabad. Suraiya’s brother Yakub (Yakub) was a crook. He used to destroy all letters Salma wrote to Suraiya, from Allahabad, after marriage. Now Suraiya got engaged to Dr. Manzur (Ishwarlal-double role), who resembled his brother Dr. Masood, husband of Suraiya.

Unfortunately, on the day of marriage, Dr. Manzur dies in an accident, but Yakub tells Suraiya that Manzur cheated her and has left the town.She is shocked and loses her memory. She is taken to Allahabad for treatment from Dr. Masood, the specialist.

Suraiya gains memory, recognises Masood as Manzur and insists for marriage. Masood learns Suraiya’s full story from her parents and tells Salma about it. Salma is very religious and follows five times Namaz. She knows that as per Islam religion, a male can have 4 wives. She forces her husband to marry Suraiya. After initial resistance Masood agrees.

After marriage Suraiya recovers completely and both friends live happily. Soon Salma goes to Haj and becomes a Darvish ( a Sufi religious Mendicant-as per wiki). All this so that her friend Suraiya is made happy in her life.

The film had 8 songs, composed by Pt. Gobindram. He is one MD, about whose life absolutely no information is available in any book or on Internet. Only his work details are available on the net, books and HFGK.

Pt. Gobind Ram – the Music Director was a highly respected composer in the industry for his originality. Stalwarts like C.Ramchandra considered Sajjad and Pt. Gobind Ram ji as the original composers.

Author Pankaj Raag mentions in his book,” Dhunon ki yatra”- ” When K.Asif planned his magnum Opus- Mughal E Azam in the late 40s, he had engaged Gobind ram ji as the Music Director.” This statement, however, could not be corroborated with any other reference.
Pt. Gobind Ram gave music to only 32 films from 1937 to 1955, composing 302 songs.

Today’s song is sung by G M Durrani, who was a leading Playback singer , before Rafi and others prevailed on the scene in the latter half of the 40s decade. 6 songs which I have heard are all good ones, but this song is the best and melodious. other singers are Rajkumari, Sitara Devi and Hameeda Bano.

With this song, film Salma-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.
(Thanks to book ” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933 to 1947″ by Kamalakar Pasupuleti ji for some information used here.)


Song-Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai (Salma)(1943) Singer- G M Durrani, Lyrics-Hasrat Lucknowi, MD-Pt. Gobindram

Lyrics

Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai
Ye kaun aaj reh reh ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae ae
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai
ajab haal dil ka hua jaa raha hai

jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
jise wo samajhte hain apna maseeha
aa aa aa aa aa
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai
wo beemaar khud hi hua jaa raha hai

mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se
mili hai nazar jabse unki nazar se ae ae ae
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai
kaleje mein nashtar chubha ja raha hai

ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai
ye kaun aaj rah rah ke yaad aa raha hai ae ae


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15038

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1171
Total Number of movies covered =4123

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