Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1947’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5201 Post No. : 17184

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 113
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Ten years back on this date viz on 14th October 2012, five songs from five different movies were covered on the blog. Here are the details:-

Blog post number Song Movie (Year) Remarks
6851 Aaj sahi inkaar magar kal karna hoga pyaar Zalzala(1952) Movie YIPPEED by now
6852 Kisne chheda man ka taar Tohfaa (1947) 8 songs covered out of 10 by now
6853 Ham tumhaare hain zara ghar se nikal kar dekh lo Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi(1958) Movie YIPPEED by now
6854 Main hoon Mr John Naach Ghar(1959) Movie YIPPEED by now
6855 Na chaand ho na suraj ho Jaadugar Daaku (1962) 3 songs covered out of 6 by now

We can notice that three movies (out of five) whose songs were covered on this date ten years ago (14 october 2012) have since been YIPPEED in the blog. That leaves us with two movies that have a few songs left and so they are still eligible for Blo Ten Year Challenge today (14 october 2022).

“Tohfa”(1947) is one such movie.

“Tohfa”(1947) was directed by Aghajaani Kashmiri for Seth Brothers Productions, Bombay. The movie had Nawab, Veera, Anuradha, Rehman, Mishra, Basant Malini, T N Charlie, Agha Mirza, Masih, Shakuntala, Pushpa, Baby Janet, Anita etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it.Eight songs from this movie have been discussed in the past.

Here is the ninth song from the movie. This song was sung by Parul Ghosh (described as Shrimati Ghosh in HFGK). Aarzoo Lucknowi was the lyricist. Music was composed by M A Rauf Osmania.

Lyrics of the song and other details were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Only audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this rare song.


Song-Kabhi tarsi hui aankhon ki hasrat chhup nahin sakti(Tohfa)(1947) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Aarzoo Lucknowi, MD-M A Rauf Osmania

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

Kabhi tarsi hui aankhon ki hasrat
chhup nahin sakti
parakhne waali nazron se
haqeeqat chhup nahin sakti
chhupaao laakh pardon mein
muhabbat chhup nahin sakti
chhupaao laakh pardon mein
muhabbat chhup nahin sakti

zamaana chaahe jitni door
pahuncha de
juda kar keh
muqaddar bhi ??
jitni hi deewaaren khadi kar de
samaai ho jo aankhon mein
wo soorat chhup nahin sakti
samaai ho jo aankhon mein
wo soorat chhup nahin sakti

jo dil mein ho shuru se hai
shikan aati hai maathhe par
banaawat ki hai ??
?? ne keemat ??
kisi soorat tadapte dil ki haalat
chhup nahin sakti
kisi soorat tadapte dil ki haalat
chhup nahin sakti

na kat’te aankh mein ??
?? lagaawat mein
kali daali mein ho
?? khushboo ??
chaar gulshan mein
adaawat chhup bhi sakti hai
muhabbat chhup nahin sakti
adaawat chhup bhi sakti hai
muhabbat chhup nahin sakti


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5148 Post No. : 17110

Today’s song is a duet from the film ‘Aaj Aur Kal’ (1947).

This is yet another movie from 1947, about which very little information is available, other than what is given in HFGK inadequately. Names of the cast are given by only 3 names and the lyricist name is missing.The film was made Chitra productions Ltd., Lahore. It was directed by KA Abbas and the MD was Khursheed Anwar. No names of any singers are given.

Khursheed Anwar gave music to only 10 Hindi films in India. His only one film had songs which became famous and that film was the last film of KL Saigal – ‘Parwana’ (1947), after which Saigal left this world. No other film was musically popular or famous. The last film of Khursheed Anwar was ‘Neelam Pari’ (1952). He migrated to Pakistan after this film. In Pakistan, however, he was one of the most celebrated and honored composers. He gave music to about 20 films and many of his films like ‘Intezar’ (1956), ‘Jhoomer’ (1959), ‘Ghunghat’ (1962), ‘Heer Ranjha’ (1970), ‘Parai Aag’ (1971) and ‘Mirza Jaat’ (1982) became hits. He also won several awards in Pakistan. He is credited with keeping the classical music alive in films. He got the Nigar Award 3 times. It is a matter of curiosity how those MDs who were not so popular in India became famous and popular in Pakistan. Examples are GA Chishti or Nissar Bazmi. Eminent composer in India like Ghulam Haider did not succeed in Pakistan.

I had to strive very hard to collect information on this film from various sources and I learnt that the producers of this film were CR Gwalani and RK Parasher. Actors Shyam and Nayantara were the lead actors and singers Zeenat Begum, Imdad Hussain and Naseem Akhtar sang some of the songs of this film. The most important information I got was that the story of this film was a science fiction story. It portrayed life in an imaginary city called Gandhi Nagar in the year 2048 (100 years later in future).

This was not the first Sci Fi film in India. Way back in the year 1937, there were 2 such films were made. One was by Prabhat film co. -‘Wahan’ (1937), in which Chandra Mohan and Shanta Apte were the lead pair. The second was by Prakash Pictures – ‘Khwab Ki Duniya’ (1937), with Jayant and Sardar Akhtar in lead. This film was based on the novel ‘The Invisible Man’ by HG Wells, published in 1897. A Hollywood film was made on it in 1933 with the same title. In the year 1938 again there were 2 Sci Fi films made. Ranjit Movietone made ‘Prof. Waaman M.Sc.’ (1938). This was about a man who travels in time. The second film was ‘Mr. X’ made by Prakash Pictures again.

In the 50’s there was a film ‘Mr. X’ (1957), with Ashok Kumar and Nalini Jaywant in lead. After 1960, there may be more Sci Fi films but I am not much aware about them, except ‘Mr. X in Bombay’ (1964) and ‘Mr. India’ in 1987. Our readers may enlighten us about any other such films.

The cast of the film ‘Aaj Aur Kal’ aka ‘Today Or Tomorrow’ (1947) was Neeta, Rashid Ahmed and Arif as per HFGK. I do not know who Neeta or Arif, but I certainly know who Rashid Ahmed was. He was popularly known as Rashid Khan in later films. Rashid Khan was a new entrant in Hindi films then, having debuted in ‘Dharti Ke Lal’ (1946), this was his just 4th film. Vadodara or Baroda has given many actors to the film world. Some of them are Mehboob Khan, Urmila Bhatt, Shabbir Kumar, Farooque Sheikh, VH Desai, Dinesh Hingoo etc. Add to this, Rashid Ahmed Khan aka Rashid Khan, who was a villain, comedian, character artiste and everything else, except the hero.
He was born on 5th July 1915. He was a Suleimani Muslim, hence very liberal and secular in nature. He studied upto BA, LL.B., but without becoming an advocate he came to Bombay to become an actor. He met Jaddan Bai,who gave him tit bit roles in films. Then he was employed by Sohrab Modi as a painter in his studio. Rashid Khan used to copy the acting of Chandra Mohan. After two months this job was also gone. Finally, Rashid Khan got a job in All India Radio, Bombay as an announcer.

One day Balraj Sahni met him. He was directing KA Abbas’ drama ‘Zubeida’ and was looking for an actor for the important role of Munshi Bedil in the drama. He was impressed with Rashid Khan and offered him the role. Rashid Khan flatly refused. Next one month, on and off, Balraj Sahni was trying to convince Rashid Khan, but he was adamant in not doing acting. Just one week prior to the staging of the drama, Rashid Khan met Balraj Sahni and accepted his offer.

Rashid Khan’s acting was much appreciated by critics. Balraj gave him a role in the film ‘Dharti Ke Lal’ (1946), which became his debut film. Many stage stalwarts were acting in that film. Deena (Sanghvi) Pathak had a dance item in it. Later she became a famous character actress in Hindi films in the 70s and 80s. Rashid Khan got several films like ‘Hasrat’, ‘Gudia’, ‘Aaj Aur Kal’, ‘Anjuman’, ‘Aarzoo’ etc. Initially he was credited as Rashid Ahmed, but later on he ensured that he was mentioned as Rashid Khan. In the beginning, he had to improve his Urdu/Hindi diction, as he was a Gujarati person.

Dev Anand cast him as Postmaster in Navketan’s first film ‘Afsar‘. Then came ‘Baazi’, ‘Jaal’, ‘Aah’, ‘Shri 420’ and many others. He acted in most Dev Anand and Guru Dutt films. KA Abbas cast him in his 8 films. He was a favorite of Hrishikesh Mukherjee. He worked with Mukherjee in 18 films. Personally, I like his role of a ‘body builder and exercise freak’, in the film ‘Ek Phool Chaar Kaante’ (1960). In his career, Rashid Khan did acting in 96 films.

In 1953, he married one Suraiya. His son Fazal is a photographer and daughter Heena married into the Fida Hussain family.
Rashid Khan rarely got long and big roles, but he made his small roles memorable. He was not typecast. He did roles as villain, comedian and character artiste as father, brother or friend of the hero. While shooting at Famous Studio, on 7-11-1972, he got a massive heart attack and died while working, just like Gope. [Adapted, with thanks, from a Gujarati article by Harish Raghuwanshi ji.]

Today’s duet is sung by Zeenat Begum and Imdad Hussain. I have no information about this male singer. The song is reasonably good one.


Song- Aao saathi aao (Aaj aur Kal)(1947) Singers- Zeenat Begum, Imdad Hussain, Lyricist- [Unattributed], MD- Khursheed Anwar
Zeenat Begum + Imdad Hussain

Lyrics

o o o
aao saathi aao
saathi tum kis oar chalin
kis oar chalin

main andekhe desh chali ee ee ee ee
andekhe desh chali

phaile phaile khet hamaare dekho
khet hamaare
ham sabne mil jul ke sanwaare dekho
mil ke sanwaare
mehnat ka chamka hai suraj
mehnat ka chamka hai suraj
raat ki baat gayi ee ee ee ee

o o o
aao saathi aao
main andekhe desh chali ee ee ee ee
andekhe desh chali

nayi umangen
ho o naya zamaana
nayi umangen
ho o naya zamaana
nayi tarangen
ho naya fasaana aa
nayi tarangen
ho naya fasaana
main hoon aaj ki prem kahaani ee
main hoon kal ki nayi nishaani ee
aaj aur kal se milke banaayen
aaj aur kal se milke banaayen
duniya ek nayi ee ee ee ee

o o o
aao saathi aao
main andekhe desh chali ee ee ee ee
andekhe desh chali ee
o o o

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Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

ओ ओ ओ
आओ साथी आओ
साथी तुम किस ओर चलीं
किस ओर चलीं
मैं अनदेखे देस चली
अनदेखे देस चली

फैले फैले खेत हमारे देखो
खेत हमारे
हम सबने मिल जुल के सँवारे देखो
मिल के सँवारे
मेहनत का चमका है सूरज
मेहनत का चमका है सूरज
रात की बात गई
ओ ओ ओ
आओ साथी आओ
मैं अनदेखे देस चली
अनदेखे देस चली

नई उमंगें
हो ओ नया ज़माना
नई उमंगें
हो ओ नया ज़माना
नई तरंगें
हो नया फसाना
नई तरंगें
हो नया फसाना
मैं हूँ आज की प्रेम कहानी
मैं हूँ आज की नई निशानी’
आज और कल से मिलके बनाएँ
आज और कल से मिलके बनाएँ
दुनिया एक नई

ओ ओ ओ
मैं अनदेखे देस चली
अनदेखे देस चली
ओ ओ ओ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5138 Post No. : 17096

Today’s song is from film ‘Director’ (1947).

The film was made by Don Films, Punjab. It was directed by S Shafaqat, MA There were two MDs – Lachhiram Tamar and Fateh Ali Khan. Tufail Hoshiyarpuri and Aziz Kashmiri wrote all the 9 songs. HFGK does not credit any song with a singer’s name. However, the uploaders give the details when they upload a song, as given on the actual records. The cast of the film was Salim, Raza, Zeb Qureshi, Zahoor Raja, Arif, Mohini Das, Hafiz and others.

During the years of political turmoil in 1946-1947 and 1948, there was a huge exodus of Hindus and Muslims from both countries, India and the newly formed Muslim country Pakistan. It not only disturbed the whole nation but also created a short time chaos in the Hindi Film Industry. Many Muslim artistes, directors, producers and financiers left for Pakistan. Before going they hurriedly completed the projects on hand somehow. This resulted in a record number of films produced in 1947 as well as a huge number of meaningless films.

In a hurry to complete a film, any person associated with films would direct, act, write songs or even give music. Thus many of such names were never heard again. S Shafaqat, MA, director of this film also seems to be one such case. While migrating to Pakistan during this period or even at a much later time, some producers and directors cheated their Indian colleagues, friends, creditors and ran away stealthily. Here are a few examples.

WZ Ahmed, the owner of Shalimar Pictures, Poona, a producer, director and a studio owner left with his wife Neena. While leaving, he not only carried negatives of all his films, but also conveniently ‘forgot’ to pay salaries and wages of his employees for the previous 3 months. After he left, to recover their dues, some ex-employees got together and produced a film ‘Rangeela Rajasthan’ in 1949. All ex actors, MDs, Lyricists, directors and others connected with the Shalimar studio worked free in the film. The film was not a great success, but they got some money.

The second case is of the famous actor, producer, director and studio owner of Hind Studios, Dadar. During the riots of 1947, his studio was burnt before his eyes. He had lots of bank loan dues and there was no income. He decided to sell his car, house etc. secretly. Then he visited some of his friends in the film industry and borrowed cash money. With all this he coolly and secretly left for Pakistan along with his wife Swarnalata Siyal and the sold out car too !

The third case is of actor Sheikh Mukhtar. He produced a film ‘Noorjahan’ (1967), by investing all his savings. The film flopped. He had a lot of bank loans and also income tax dues to be paid. He quietly took prints of his films and one night escaped to Pakistan !

The point is most of the films produced in 1947 were of no value and people somehow completed their projects. Film ‘Director’ was also one such film. We do not know its story or even its release dates. One of the music directors of this film was Fateh Ali Khan. During the same period, there was another famous qawwaali singer Fateh Ali Khan (he was the father of Pakistan’s famous singer Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan), who also indulged in cinema in Pakistan. Due to the same names there was a confusion and most people, sites, wiki and even books mixed up these two names and a question on who actually was Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan’s father ! Even initially I was also confused but then my Facebook friend Khwaja Irfan Anwer guided me to a Blog in Pakistan, where I got the correct information. Thanks to him. So, here is some information on music director Fateh Ali Khan of India.

Ustad Fateh Ali Khan is said to have been born in 1911. He was five years old when he became interested in the famous sitar. His uncle, Ustad Mehboob Ali Khan, was also an expert in music and this instrument. When Fateh Ali Khan grew up, he learned the mysteries and secrets of this art from him.

Ustad Fateh Ali Khan also spent a long time with Master Ghulam Haider. He continued to perform with him in Lahore and Bombay as a sitar player and his skills on this instrument. During this time he also learned the intricacies of music and melodies and the subtleties of art. He later composed music for several films, most notably ‘Aaina’. One was film ‘Aaina’ (1944), along with Gulshan Sufi and the other was film ‘Director’ (1947), along with Lachhiram Tamar. After partition he migrated to Pakistan with all his family. In Pakistan, however, he had better luck in films. He gave music to ‘Do Kinaare’ (1950), ‘Harjaai’ (1952), ‘Shola’ (1952), ‘Bedaari’ (1957) ( a copy of our film ‘Jagriti’ (1954)), ‘Saathi’ (1959) and ‘Tum Na Maano’ (1961). He also sang in the films ‘Waada’ (1957) and ‘Raagini’ (1958). Ustad Fateh Ali Khan was the foremost sitar-player and film music composer of the 1950’s in Pakistan. His compositions in ‘Bedaari’ (1957) became run-away super-hits in Pakistan because they were a heart-felt tribute to the founder of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and the public’s sentiments about patriotism.

He moved to Rawalpindi in the 1960’s where he joined Radio Pakistan. After the establishment of the Pakistan National Council of Arts, for some time there also trained novice artists to play the sitar. His son, Raees Khan is also an expert sitar player.

Ustad Fateh Ali Khan was also awarded the Presidential Medal for Excellence in Music in Pakistan. (Thanks to irshadgul.com).

One of the cast members of film ‘Director’ was Zahoor Raja. He was a multi-talented person. He was born on 7 July 1918 at Abbottabad (now in Pakistan) and died in England in 1992. He was a well known Hindi/Urdu Film Actor, Producer, Director, Editor, Writer, Singer, Lyricist & Music Composer in Pre Partition Indian cinema. He graduated from editing and story writing to become a producer-director in 1943.

Zahoor Raja was born in a wealthy family in Abbottabad, Pakistan. After schooling, he studied BA from Rawalpindi but could not complete his graduation as he was more interested in sports than in studies. His father, a Police Inspector, was keen in admitting him in Dehradun for a career in the army. But he ran away from home and landed in Bombay with a letter of introduction to film maker AR Kardar. Since he was a very handsome and well built man, getting into the Bombay film industry was not difficult. At that time, Kardar was directing Punjabi film ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1939) for Ranjit Movietone. Kardar took Zahoor Raja as hero in the film.

Within a year after the release of the film, V Shantaram invited him to join Prabhat Films and was taken on a contract of 3 years. His association with V Shantaram was not beneficial and he did not get much work. Kardar once again came to his rescue and got him employed in National Studios and got him a role in ‘Pooja’ (1940). Thereafter, he got a role in Minerva Moveitone’s ‘Sikandar’ (1941). During the making of the film ‘Sikandar’ (1941), he fell in love with his co-star Meena (Meena Shourie) and married her. The marriage did not last long and Meena later married another handsome actor, Al Nasir in the mid 1940s.

Zahoor Raja later worked as a Hhero in ‘Sewa’ (1941). During this time, while looking for a change from his acting career, he got a chance to direct the film ‘Badal’ (1942) produced under Eastern Pictures where he also acted in the lead role. Though the film failed at the box office, his direction was appreciated by the critics. In 1943, he floated his own film production company, Raja Movietone and made its maiden film ‘Mazaaq’ (1943) which he also directed, acted in a negative role and composed its music. He also acted in the film ‘Bhai’ (1944). His banner produced ‘O Panchhi’ (1944), ‘Ghazal’ (1945) and ‘Dhadkan’ (1946).

In most of the films in which he acted, Zahoor Raja was paired with Radha Rani. He also sang the song “Bhulaane Waale Hamein Bhi Na Yaad Aaya Karo” along with Naseem Akhthar in the Movie ‘Ghazal’ (1945) composed by Gyan Dutt. His last movies in India before moving to Pakistan were ‘Anmol Ghadi’ (1946) and ‘Director’ (1947). He acted in 9 films, directed 5 films, sang 15 songs in 5 films (‘Pooja’ (1940), ‘Sewa’ (1942), ‘Badal’ (1942), ‘Ghazal’ (1945) and ‘Director’ (1945)), wrote lyrics in 1 film (‘Dhadkan’ (1946)) and was MD for 1 film(‘Mazaaq’ (1943)).

After partition, Zahoor Raja returned to Pakistan in 1950 and he was active in the Pakistani film industry until 1966. After 1966, he migrated to England, married an English lady and later died in 1992 in England.

Today’s song is the second song from this film to be featured here. It is sung by Zahoor Raja himself.


Song- Tadap kar jaan labon tak aa gayee (Director)(1947) Singer- Zahoor Raja, Lyricist- Tufail Hoshiarpuri, MD- Fateh Ali Khan

Lyrics

tadap kar jaan labon tak aa gayee
kya tum na aaoge
tadap kar jaan labon tak aa gayee
kya tum na aaoge
jawaani par udaasi chhaa gayi
jawaani par udaasi chhaa gayi
kya tum na aaoge
jawaani par udaasi chhaa gayi

gaye ho chhod kar jab se
gaye ho chhod kar jab se
mujhe tanha jawaani mein
mujhe har ik khushi thhukra gayi
mujhe har ik khushi thhukra gayi
kya tum na aaoge
mujhe har ik khushi thhukra gayi

nigaahon mein jidhar dekho
andhera hi andhera hai
andhera hi andhera hai
muqaddar par syaahi chhaa gayi
muqaddar par syaahi chhaa gayi
kya tum na aaoge
muqaddar par syaahi chhaa gayi

meri barbaadiyaan aakar
meri barbaadiyaan aakar
kabhi kya tum na dekhoge
tumhaare dil mein kya baat aa gayi
tumhaare dil mein kya baat aa gayi
kya tum na aaoge
tadap kar jaan labon tak aa gayee

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

तड़प कर जां लबों तक आ गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
तड़प कर जां लबों तक आ गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
जवानी पर उदासी छा गई
जवानी पर उदासी छा गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
जवानी पर उदासी छा गई

गए हो छोड़ कर जबसे
गए हो छोड़ कर जबसे
मुझे तन्हा जवानी में
मुझे हर एक खुशी ठुकरा गई
मुझे हर एक खुशी ठुकरा गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
मुझे हर एक खुशी ठुकरा गई

निगाहों में जिधर देखो
अंधेरा ही अंधेरा है
अंधेरा ही अंधेरा है
मुकद्दर पर सियाही छा गई
मुकद्दर पर सियाही छा गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
मुकद्दर पर सियाही छा गई

मेरी बर्बादीयां आ कर
मेरी बर्बादीयां आ कर
कभी क्या तुम ना देखोगे
तुम्हारे दिल में क्या बात आ गई
तुम्हारे दिल में क्या बात आ गई
क्या तुम ना आओगे
तड़प कर जां लबों तक आ गई


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5121 Post No. : 17070

Today’s song is from the film Intezar ke baad-1947.

1947 was the year of our Independence and this was also the year in which the highest number of Hindi films were made-187 ! This record remained unbroken till 1985 when 187 Hindi films were made. That means from 1931 to 1984 – a span of more than 50 years – thi record remained unbeaten. Even for the All India film count of all languages was the highest till 1947 – it was 280 films. This of course was broken sooner when in 1949, a total of 291 films of all languages were made in the country.

When the quantity increases without a valid reason, it usually damages the quality.Although few landmark Hindi films were made in 1947, like Jugnu,Do Bhai, Dard, Mirza Sahibaan, Shehnai, Elaan, Parwana, Saajan, Neelkamal, Aap ki sewa mein,Meerabai (of M.S.Subbulaxmi), Naatak, Sidoor etc., most others were below par. This possibly happened as there was a deluge of migrating Muslim film artistes from India to Pakistan and they completed their films somehow to fulfil ther contractual responsibilities. Thus not much attention was given to quality, but to complete the film.

Intezar ke baad-47 was also one such film. Based on an unbelievable flimsy story, directed by a veteran of silent films and a lusterless musical score made this film an ordinary movie to remember. The film was directed by G.P.Pawar, a fall out of the silent era. The music was by Aziz Khan aka Aziz Hindi. A point to note was, however, that few old time artistes like Shantarin, Shanta Kumari and madhav kale etc. featured in the film. The cast, besides these artistes, consisted of Jeevan, Rahaman,Husn Ara, Gope, Rajkumar, madhukar gupte, Shanta Patel, Vijaya etc. The story of this film was….

The Zamindar of Ratanpur had no child for a long time. At last he got a charming daughter. His wife fought with him bitterly when he was drunk and left the home with the baby. She left the baby at the doorsteps of Dada patel- a kind gentleman and then she committed suicide. Eventually the baby grows up into a beautiful girl-Shama. The zamindar also adopts an orphan-Mohan, who too grows up.
A local merchant Fakirchand wants to marry his daughter Shaila to Mohan- who is a wayward wasted young boy and he wants to marry Shama. Shama loves another good person-Dr. Ajay who also loves her. The Dewan of the zamindar blackmails zamindar to expose that his son Mohan is actually the dewan’s own son. He also blackmails Dada patel to expose that Shama is not his daughter. When Mohan learns all this, he kills Dewan.
The police arrest him. In the court everything is exposed and Mohan is jailed for 2 years. Dr. Ajay and Shama get married. After Mohan comes out he is a reformed person. He gets married to Shaila. All’s well that ends well ( and the audience is happy that the film has ended ! ).

2 names from this film attracted me. One was actress Shanta kumari. To get some information on Shanta Kumari, I had spent a few years and had scanned several sources like books and sites etc. Finally, here is her information that I collated from several sources.

Miss Shanta Kumari , a forgotten name of early Bollywood, who championed in both silent and talkies (please do not confuse with the South Indian actress of the same era).
Miss Shanta Kumari was born in 1904 to a family of ten and entered silent movies at the age of sixteen (1920). She worked in 1920 s with the Sharada film company ( Kala Pahad, 1927) with Master Vitthal and later joined Delhi’s Great Eastern film company ( Bhai ki Kasai, 1928, Pilgrims of Love 1929, Kumud Kumari 1929). She later joined the Ranjit film company ( later Ranjit Movietone) and acted with Eddie Billimoria in Prince Charming (1930) & Castles in the Air (1930). In 1930 also she worked with Kohinoor Film Company for the movie Arya Kanya (1930). Since she was a very accomplished singer and dancer she hadn’t got any difficulty in entering Talkies and excelled in Talkies. She made her debut talkie with Shri Krishna Film Company’s Heer Ranjha (1931). Her some other memorable early Talkies were Lanka Dahan (1933), Hatim Tai (1933), Bulbul-e- Punjab(1933), Bhoola Shikar (1933), Aaj Kal (1934), Sinhasan (1934), Baal Hatya (1935)

Shanta Kumari was very beautiful. After her first Talkie film Heer Ranjha-1931, came many films, including 4 parts of the film Hatimtai-33, in which she was Heroine Husnbanu. In film Sant Tulsidas-34, she sang along with even G N Joshi, famous classical singer of those times and later on an officer in H.M.V. Recording section. Due to her good singing, till 1936 she sang on A.I.R. Bombay. In 1940, she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. In the later period, she acted in some famous films like Bharat Milap-42, Ramrajya-43, Prithvi Vallabh-43, Gwalan-46, Ram Vivah-49 and Grih Laxmi-49. After a gap, she appeared in the film Toofan aur Diya-56. She acted in few C grade films and her last film was Toofani Tarzan-62. She acted in 27 films and sang 21 songs in 8 films. She died on 18-1-2006 ( information collated from Beete kal ke sitare by Shriram Tamrakar, MuvYz,interview by V S Nigam on medium.com and book The lost Treasure by K.Pasupuleti with thanks).

The other name was singer Munawar Sultana. There was an actress Munawar Sultana working in Indian films from 1941 (Khazanchi) to 1956 (Jallad), but she never sang and the singer Munawar Sultana never acted in any film-here or in Pakistan. Still, due to similarity in names, people mixed up these two artistes. Here is the singer’s information.

Munawar Sultana was a film playback singer of Pakistan active in the 1950s. She was born on 8-11-1924 at Lahore. She started her career in the mid-1940s as a radio and film playback singer. She used to take music lessons from the renowned music director Ghulam Haider. She started singing in Hindi films. She sang 25 songs in 14 Hindi films. The films were Shukriya-44,Dhamki-45, Behram Khan-46, Aai Bahar, Pagdandi-47, Mehendi, Intezar ke baad, Ek roz, But Tarash, Rooprekha, Reet, Patjhad, Chup chup ke and Barsat ki ek raat-48.

After independence of Pakistan in 1947, Lahore film industry had to rebuild itself because most of the Hindu film studio owners decided to migrate to India and they left Lahore, Pakistan. Music Director Ghulam Ahmad Chishti, Munawar Sultana and Inayat Hussain Bhatti are mostly credited with bringing the dead music industry of Lahore back to life again.She also worked with music directors Rashid Attre, Safdar Hussain besides Ghulam Haider and Baba Chishti to produce many super-hit film songs in the 1950s.

She continued to work at the Radio Station, Lahore and recorded many popular Punjabi folk songs there as well. Munawar Sultana was known for her melodious voice among the Pakistani public. In the late 1950s,she married the then Station Director of Radio Pakistan, Lahore-Ayub Roomani.

Her marriage coupled with arrival of new playback singers-especially Zubaida Khanum and Naseem Begum ended her singing career. She started focusing more on her family life and kids. She died on 20 May 1995 in Lahore,Pakistan. (Information adapted from pak.mag and IMDB, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by Munawar Sultana. This is the second song from this film here.


Song- Meri beete jawaani mastaani (Intezaar Ke Baad)(1947) Singer-Munawar Sultana, Lyricist- C.Zaman, MD- Aziz Khan Hindi

Lyrics

Meri beete
Meri beete jawaani mastaani
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye
Meri beete
Meri beete jawaani mastaani
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye
mera dhak dhak ye nanha sa dhadke jiya
mera dhak dhak
mera dhak dhak ye nanha sa dhadke jiya
joban aaya
joban aaya
magar tum na aaye piyaa
haan
joban aaya
joban aaya
magar tum na aaye piyaa
kaun roothhi jawaani ko manaaye
haaye
kaun roothhi jawaani ko manaaye
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye
Meri beete
Meri beete jawaani mastaani
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye

gore gaalon ka
gore gaalon ka rangat gulaabi gayi(?)
baanke naina mere ab sharaabi nahin
ab to saawan bhi man ko na bhaaye
haaye
ab to saawan bhi man ko na bhaaye
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye

haaye aana naa
aana naa
hai sooni nagariya meri
ab to lelo piyaa jee khabariya meri
haaye na aana
aana aana
hai sooni nagariya meri
ab to lelo piya jee khabariya meri
aag birha ki man ko jalaaye
haaye
aag birha ki man ko jalaaye
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye
Meri beete
Meri beete jawaani mastaani
haaye Raama
mere baanke balam nahin aaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5110 Post No. : 17052

Today’s song is from an obscure film Giribala-1947.

This is one of those films, whose story and almost the whole crew came from Bengal. In the past also we have many such films.Right from the Silent films era, Calcutta has been making films and showing them in important markets. After the advent of Talkie films in 1931 itself, out of the 24 films that were released that year, as many as 7 films were made by Madan Theatres, Calcutta alone ! The rest 17 were made by different studios in Bombay. Surprisingly, there was no movie from New Theatres, Calcutta in Hindi, in the first year of Talkie films,i.e. 1931. Their first Hindi Talkie film ” Mohabbat ke aansoo” came only in 1932, but it was such a great flop that it probably did not cross Calcutta’s borders even !

In due course of time, Calcutta’s famous New Theatres became quite active and aggressive and presented hits after hits in Bangla and Hindi languages for successive years till about mid 1940’s. There were of course other 20-25 film making studios and film companies in Bengal during this period, but new Theatre performance outshone all others. One of the major strengths of Bangla films made in Calcutta, especially, New Theatres was that their films were based on famous works of literature, stories, novels and dramas in Bangla Literature. This made the base of the films so solid that other weak areas like language, dialogues, diction of speaking Hindi, too bookish conversations and too artificial acting were easily overlooked.

The use of stories of prominent authors in films started from the Silent films itself. Bengali people are very fond of reading. The poorest Bengali also would have few books in his cottage. In addition, Bengali are the people who love to remain in past glories. Added to this their extraordinary Regional pride – especially about their language ( they consider Bangla Language more important than even their Religion) made them see the films on their favourite stories with utmost love and liking, reliving in Nostalgia !

In the 1930s and the 1940s successful Bangla films were remade for Hindi audiences and for a bigger commercial market in india. Thus the Hindi audiencegot to see the best films contentwise. Songs based on ‘ Rabindra Sangeet’ were a novelty outside Bengal and these songs also became popular. Singers like Pankaj Mullik, Jagmohan Sursagar, K.C.Dey, Juthika Roy, Hemant kumar, kamla Jharia etc amde Hindi film and non film music popular all over India during the period of 1935 to 1960.

When Bangla films chose famous author’s stories for making films, can they overlook Rabindranath Tagore ? Impossible ! So, I was keen to know how many films in Bangla and other languages were made on Tagore’s stories. Luckily I came across a table of such details on the net. As per this table from Wiki,, a total of 52 films were made on Tagore stories. It also showed 11 independent Hindi films made on Tagore stories, without counting original Bangla and remade Hindi films. The film names I got are….

Milan-46 and Ghunghat-57 (Nauka Doobi)
Do Bigha Zamin-53 (Title based on Tagore’s poem Dui Bigha Jomi)
Kabuliwala-61 and Bioscopewala-2017 (Kabuliwala)
Uphaar-71 (Samapti)
Lekin-91 (Kshudhita Pashan)
Chaar Adhyay-97 (same name)
Patralekha-2012 (Tagore poem)
Mukti-2012 (Tagore poem) and
Darbaan-2020 (The child’s return)

Today’s film Giribala-1947 is also based on Tagore’s story of 1895. A silent film Giribala was made first in 1930. The 1947 Hindi film Giribala was also a remake of Bangla film of the same year. That explains the all Bangla cast and crew. The film was made by Bodhu Bose Productions, Calcutta. It was directed by Madhu Bose (1900-1969) – husband of actress Sadhona Bose. he acted in 1 silent film A throw of Dice-1930. He directed 6 Hindi films….Selima-1945, Bala ki Raat-1936, Kumkum-The Dancer-1940, Raj nartaki-1941, Meenakshi-1942 and his last Hindi film-Giribala-1947.

The Music Director was Kamal Dasgupta (28-7-1912 to 28-7-1974), who gave music to 17 Hindi films starting from Jawab-1942 to Phulwari-1952. The cast of the film was Indrani devi, Dhiraj Bhattacharya (who had also worked in the silent film Giribala-1930), Ahindra Choudhari, Rajlakshmi, Poornima, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Tulsi Chakraworty and others.

Trom the cast, I find Vithaldas Panchotiya a very versatile artiste who dabbled in several departments of filmmaking. Here is more information about him. Vithaldas Panchotiya ( 15 th October 1906 to 2-10-1987 ). Except those readers, who have a knowledge of early era Hindi films, it is unlikely that other readers might have even heard this name. In the early era, when the studio system was firmly established, the artistes employed by the studio had no specific duties. Anybody and everybody had to do what was needed by the company. Due to this many capable artistes became all rounders in film making.
Vithaldas Panchotiya was certainly one such person. He has been a Producer, Director, story writer, dialogue writer, screenplay writer, lyricist, Singer, Music Director and God knows what else !

Born in October 1906 in Vadnagar in Gujarat, he followed his father’s footsteps. His father worked in stage dramas and toured with the drama company. From the age of 8 years Vithaldas started acting in dramas. Later he joined Calcutta’s Alfred Drama company, owned by Madon Theatres Limited. He worked on a salary of Rs. 35 pm. While working in dramas, he established his own Gujarat Film company and produced 12 silent films in 10 years. Vithaldas first acted in the silent film ‘ Dhruv charitra’-1921. He learnt dance and music too. He acted , directed, sang songs and gave music also. He acted in Talkie film ” Muflis Ashiqe”-1932, claimed to be India’s first comedy film. He acted, sang and composed music for this film.

Being a staunch Gandhian, he used to participate in rallies etc. Some of his films were Hindustan-32, Insaf ki Tope-34, Gaibi Gola-35 ( he was the writer and the director too.He gave a break to Baby Noorjahan in this film.), Khudai Khidamadgar-37 aka Garib ki Tope, Takdir ki Tope-38 etc . As per one source, he acted in 35 films, directed 10 talkie films, sang 8 songs, gave music to 1 film and wrote Lyrics to 2 films. Additionally story, dialogues and screenplay writing were also done by him. Some of his films were, Shaikh chilli-37, Khush naseeb-46, Prabhu ki maya-55, Ghar ki numaish-49, Karmaveer-38, Raman-54, Jagriti-54, Hum sab chor hain-56, Basant 60, Bhagvat mahima etc.

I find it very difficult to know exactly how many films he did in various capacities in the 1930s, as there are conflicting claims by him and Master Fida Hussain. In a few cases the details in HFGK and what he claims, gets contradicted. Some of his films in the 40s are Ramanuj-43, Giribala-47, Grihalaxmi-48, Ghar ki Numaish-48 ( released only in 1962, with the title ‘ Jai ho muhabbat ki ‘ )

Thanks to information and statistical data provided by Shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat, we know that his Filmography consists of a total 11+ 26 films. The break up is-

11 silent films
25 Talkie films as Actor and 1 film as a writer only.
9 films as a Director
2 films as Lyricist and
2 films as Music Director
As per Muvyz data, he sang 37 songs in 8 films.

From 1951 to 1960, he did 13 films- mostly ( 9) for Filmistan. He directed 2 of them. After 1960 his work was reduced. The death of his 3 sons broke him emotionally. As a true Gandhian, it was his dream to make a film- Gandhi Sangram- on Mahatma Gandhi. He had done all the spade work and the Muhurat of shooting was also done on 2-10-1987, The Government had promised finance. Even Rajiv Gandhi promised him that. However nothing came to him and he died on 30-10-1996, with his dream unfulfilled.

His daughter Shradha used to work in Gujarati films. She too died in a Train accident in 2000. Her daughter Deepshikha is an actress.

Today’s song is a very melodious duet sung by Kalyani Das and Hemant Kumar. Kalyani Das was a part of Same Name Confusion pair of Kalyani Bai and Kalyani Das. Both sang in Calcutta. Kalyani Das was a playback singer who started her career in Hindi films from Calcutta with PC Barua’s ‘Jawaab’ (1942) and ended her playback singing career in Hindi films with ‘Iran Ki Ek Raat’ (1949). She also sang for a few films made in Bombay. To the best of my knowledge, she did not act in any films.

It is not so difficult to segregate ‘Kalyanis’ as both of them worked in Calcutta at different times. Kalyani Bai worked in films produced in Calcutta up to 1937 whereas Kalyani Das commenced her playback singing career from Calcutta from 1942 onward. She mostly worked for music director Kamal Dasgupta (8 out of 11 Hindi films in which she was playback singer). She sang 37 songs in 11 films….Jawab-42, meghdoot-45, Kurukshetra-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Bindiya-46, Manmaani-47, Giribala-47, Faisla-47, Swayamsidha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49.

Let us now enjoy this very good duet.


Song-Tum chor ho haan haan chor ho (Giribaala)(1947) Singers-Kalyani Das, Hemant Kumar, Lyrics-Pt Madhur, MD-Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

tum chor ho
haan haan chor ho
haan haan chor ho
chor ho chor ho ji
tum chor ho
haan haan chor ho
haan haan chor ho
chor ho chor ho ji
tumne seekha hai dil ka churaana aa
tumne seekha hai dil ka churaana aa
aur chori chori
haan ji chori chori
dil mein aana
dil mein aana
tum chor ho
haan haan chor ho
haan haan chor ho
chor ho chor ho ji

meri galiyon ka
galiyon ka
meri galiyon ka
tumko pata hai
tumhen maaloom mera thhikaana
thhikaana aa
tum chor ho
haan haan chor ho
haan haan chor ho
chor ho chor ho ji
ye chori ka jhhootha iljaam hai
dil leke kiya badnaam hai
ye chori ka jhhootha iljaam hai
dil leke kiya badnaam hai
chor kehke hamen na bulaana
chor kehke hamen na bulaana

mere pehlu se
pehlu se
mere pehlu se dil bhola bhaala
tumne naina aa aa aa
tumne naina milaake nikaala
mere pehlu se dil bhola bhaala
tumne naina aa aa aa aa
tumne naina milaake nikaala
lutke ulte bane ae ae ae
lutke ulte bane chor hum hain
husnwaalon ke ye bhi sitam hain
lut ke ulte bane chor hum hain
husnwaalon ke ye bhi sitam hain
tumne jo kuchh kahaa
haan aan aan aan
tumne jo kuchh kahaa
hamne maana aa aa
hamne maana aa aa
maanaaa


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

5073 Post No. : 16994

“Romeo And Juliet-1947” was directed by Akhtar Hussaain for ‘Nargis Art Concern, Bombay’ (home production of actress Nargis). It had Nargis, Sapru, Anwar Hussain, Sunalini Devi, Nisar, John Cavas, Hameed Murad, Nazir Kashmiri, Violet, Pushpa, Abdul Rasheed, Amanullah and others.

This movie had eight songs as listed below;

S.No. Song Title Lyricist Singer Posted On
01 Mast jawaani aayi mast jawaani aayi Majrooh Sultanpuri Zohrabai Ambalewali 28.12.2020
02 Mausam ye suhaanaa, ahaa ahaa Manohar Khanna Zohrabai Ambalewali 26.07.2017
03 Tumhe sitaaron ne be-akhtiyaar dekha Akhtar Shirani G.M. Durrani 21.09.2014
04 Koyi dil mein samaaya jaaye Manohar Khanna Zohrabai Ambalewali
05 Kisko khabar thi, dil ki ye duniya Manohar Khanna
06 Kya bataayen ishq zaalim Jigar Moradabadi Zohrabai Ambalewali
07 Wo yaad aa rahen hai, laaye unhe kahaan se Majrooh Sultanpuri G.M.Durrani
08 Donon jahaan teri muhabbat mein haar ke Faiz Ahmed Faiz Khayyam, Zohrabai Ambalewali 12.08.2014

We can see from above that four songs of this movie have been posted on the blog so far.

This movie had made its debut on the blog on 12.08.2014 with a song sung by Khayyam Saab and Zohrabai Ambalewali.
The second song from this movie followed immediately in next month and it was posted on 21.09.2014 which was sung by G.M. Durrani.
Thereafter it was a gap of almost three years after which the third song from this movie was posted on 26.07.2017. This song was a solo song sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali.

The fourth song from this movie again took more than three years to appear on the blog, and it was posted on 28.12.2020. This song again was a solo sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali.

Out of the eight songs, Manohar Khanna is the lyricist for three songs. Two songs are written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, and the remaining three songs are written by Akhtar Shirani, Jigar Moradabadi and Faiz Ahmed Faiz – one song each.

Incidentally, the four songs that are already coveredon the blog are written by four different lyricists viz. Majrooh Sultanpuri, Manohar Khanna, Akhtar Shirani and Faiz Ahmed Faiz.
That leaves us four songs from the movie that yet to be posted. They are written by Majrooh Sultanpuri (one song), Manohar Khanna (two songs) and Jigar Moradabadi (one song).

Here I am presenting the fifth song from this movie. It is a solo song sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali. Jigar Moradabadi is the lyricist.

Jigar Moradabadi (born on 06.04.1890 and passed away on 09.09.1960) was a prominent Urdu Poet of yesteryears.

Here is a brief information about his biography written by our respected Shri. Sadanand ji in his post ‘sharma gaye lajaa gaye daaman chhudaa gaye’ (I am reproducing the same here so that readers can also read it here).

“Jigar Muradabadi (06/04/1890 – 09/09/1960) has been often called as ‘shaayar of beauty and love’. Jigar confined his poetry mostly covering his admiration for beauty, love, and emotions. It is said that his poetry has some influence of Daagh Dehlvi and Momin Khan Momin.
I have read through almost all of his ghazals that are available online and in Hindi (or Roman Hindi). There are no philosophical or spiritual tones in almost all of his ghazals. Likewise, I have not come across any poetry depicting the situations during the British rules though he had spent much of his life under British rule. Even if such poems do exist, perhaps they have not been well publicised. After independence also, his poetry did not venture much into the socio-economic situations in the country which had been the main plank of Urdu poets associated with PWA.

Jigar says :

Unka jo farz hai wo ahl-e-siyasat jaane
Mera paighaam mohabbat hai jahaan tak pahunche
[What is their duties only politician would know.
I give the message of love wherever it reaches]

As in the case of some Urdu poets like Majaaz Lucknawi, Jigar’s ghazals are a sort of his own autobiography. From 1920 to 1938, his life was captivated by alcohol and the beauty. Married at an early age, he had numerous love affairs, all of which turned out to be failures. These are all reflected in his ghazals. But unlike Majaaz who rued his failed love affairs in his poetry, Jigar can find joy even in his unfulfilled love because, for him, the experience of love itself is a joy.
It has been stated that he had a huge fan following encompassing both the elites and the masses. The respect he got cut across the religious lines. It is said that participation of Jigar Muradabadi was a sure success of a mushaira due to his poetry and the melodious renditions.
Jigar did not formally become guide to the budding young Urdu poets of his time. But he was a source of inspirations and mentors for poets like Behzad Lucknawi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Khumar Barabankvi etc.”

Today’s song is a melancholic song.

Let us now listen to today’s song…


Song-Kya bataayein ishq zaalim kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai(Romeo Aur Juliet)(1947) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyrics-Jigar Moradabadi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram

Lyrics

Kya bataayein
Kya bataayein ae
Ishq zaalim
Kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai
Yoon samajh lo jaise dil
Seene se niklaa jaaye hai

Jab nahin tumko tasavvur bhi
Tumhaara kya garoor
Jab nahin tumko tasavvur bhi
Tumhaara kya garoor
Is se bhi keh do ke
Ye taqleef kyun farmaaye hai ae
Is se bhi keh do ke
Ye taqleef kyun farmaaye hai

Kis taraf jaaun
Kidhar dekhoon
Kise aawaaz doon
Kis taraf jaaun
Kidhar dekhoon
Kise aawaaz doon
Ae huzoome naamuraadi
jee bahot ghabraaye hain ae
Ae huzoome naamuraadi
jee bahot ghabraaye hai
Kya bataayein ae
Ishq zaalim
Kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5061 Post No. : 16975

Today’s song is from the film Mulaqat-1947.

The film was made by Taj mahal pictures.It’s all 11 songs were written by Munshi Dil Lucknowi and the film was directed by the Lyricist himself. Actually, ” Munshi ” means a Clerk, a writer, a literary assistant or a Language Teacher. How this Munshi directed the movie is a wonder. But then in the Hindi film industry, you find many such odd, unimaginable things. This was not his first directorial venture. He had already tried his hand at film-“Abla ki Shakti’-1940 and after this film, he again directed a film “Do Bhai”-1954. As a Lyricst, he write 126 songs in 16 film which included films like Iqrar-42,Naqgad narayan-43 ( a remake of Marathi film ” पैसा बोलतो आहे”), Sohni Mahiwal-46 and Laila-54. After this he migrated to Pakistan.

In Hindi, films are repeated in different ways like….

1. Same Titles – Commonest type, but not necessary that the film content will be the same. Hundreds of titles are repeated from Twice to more than 5 times. The maximum repetitions’ honour goes to the title ” INSAF “. Films with this title were made as many as 7 times. Funnily, there was at least one “Insaf” movie in each decade for 70 continuous
years ! They were made in 1937, 1946,1956, 1966,1973, 1987 and 1997. What Luck !

2. Same story – Different Titles…like Actor, Damaad and Albela – all made in 1951. Aurat teri yehi kahani-1954 and Aurat Teri kahani-1988. Many others.

3.Remakes….a) Hindi to Hindi – Aurat and Mother India, Abodh and Uphaar, Panghat-Chitchor and Main Prem ki diwani hoon, Hamare Tumhare and Khatta Meetha, Mala and Amar, Grihasthi and Ghar Basake dekho, Malkin and Biradari etc.

b) Other languages to Hindi like Marathi, Bangla, Tamil, Telugu etc. Chandralekha, Bahar, Ladki, Many films from New Theatres, Calcutta.

c) Dubbed films like Jaisimha to Jaisingh. Many films fall in this category nowadays, especially from the south.

There are many such remakes and the lists would be too long. This only proves that a popular theme/story is worth remaking a film. Why does this happen? Are there a shortage of stories ?
In 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories’, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having more than 700 pages-728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are
1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth or identical persons.
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy .

After this book was published, there was chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied to all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above themes.

Today’s movie Mulaqat-47 was also a repeat title film. Films on this title were made in 1947, 1993 and 2002. This was a film with Muslim social background. The cast of the film was Naseem Banu, Prem Adib, Rama Shukla, Mumtaz Ali, Majid, Najma, Shah Nawaz and many others. The story of the film was –

Nasir (Prem Adib) is a school teacher. He and Saeeda fall in love and think of getting married. Saeeda loses her father and orphan Saeeda has to live with her Uncle and Aunt, who ill-treat her. fed up os this treatment she wants to commit suicide under a train, but is saved by a passing by Nawab Saheb (Shah Nawaz). He takes her home and decides to keep her there with them. He has a daughter who is Nasir’s student. Through her, the lovers come together again and decide to get married soon.
Meanwhile Mukarram (Rama Shukla), the vagabond son of the Nawab returns home. promising to mend his ways, he stays there. Now he too wants to marry Saeeda. The Nawab asks her. Under the burden of his help, she can not say ‘No’. The marriage is fixed.
Just one day prior to marriage, the town Police come and arrest Mukarram for a murder, which he had committed and take him away. The nawab is heartbroken. His daughter tells him about Nasi and Saeeda’s love affair. Nawab immediately calls Nasir and arranges his marriage with Saeeda. The End.

Shahnawaz Khan, known only as Shahnawaz, was born on 18-9-1906 in Hyderabad Deccan. His father was a Major in Hyderabad’s Nizam Army. During his school education, he used to act in dramas. After Matriculation, he joined the Govt. Service in Hyderabad state. He was, however, keen on joining films and dramas. After 5 years, he left the job and started a Motor car business. In that connection, he would visit Bombay often and try his luck at different studios. Finally, his efforts bore fruit and he got a Villain’s role in film Bharat ka laal-36, in which he was listed as S.Nawaz. It was a stunt film made by the Kadam brothers (Harischandra rao and Chandra rao Kadam), with Master Bhagwan as the Hero.

After this, he never went back to Hyderabad. Then came his films Daulat-37, Toofani khazana-37, Rangila Mazdoor-38, Jungle king-39, Sardar 40 etc etc. In 1940, he joined Bombay Talkies and worked in films. He was apparently in Devika Rani’s camp. He was seen in Punarmilan-40,Bandhan-40, Jhoola-41, Naya Sansar-41, Kismet – 43 and Hamari Baat-43.He also worked in Masterji-43, Police,Parakh and Anban-44, Zeenat, Bhaijan and Humayun-45 and few more films. In all, he did 35 films in India. In 1948, Shahnawaz migrated to Pakistan. He was welcomed there. He did 41 films in Pakistan (32 Urdu and 9 Punjabi). Some of his films were quite famous, like Aansoo-50, Sassi-54, Ayyaz-60 etc.

Shahnawaz died in Karachi on 18-6-1971. His last released film was Nek Parween-75.

There are two small actors. Here is some information about them, since they migrated to Pakistan after this film.

Majid’s name was Abdul Majid Syed. He was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata. In Pakistan he did just 7 films. He died on 24-9-1959.

Najma was born at Lahore on 1-12-1928. Her father was a businessman. Her real name was Naseem. Since there was already one famous actress Naseem, she changed her name. She first worked in ‘Kunwaara baap’ (1942) and ‘Uljhan’ (1942) Then came ‘Nai Zindagi’ (1943), ‘Dr Kumar’ (1944), ‘Piya Milan’ (1945)’ ‘Naseeb’ (1945) and Mulaqat-1947. Then she got married, left films and migrated to Pakistan.

Today’s song is a duet by Arunkumar Mukherjee and Binapani Mukherjee. The music was by Khemchand Prakash. Enjoy….


Song- Kaale kaale baadal mein gora gora chaand (Mulaaqaat)(1947) Singers- Binapani Mukherjee, Arunkumar Mukherjee, Lyricist- Munshi Dil Lucknowi, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Kaale kaale baadal mein
Kaale kaale baadal mein
Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

kuchh ro bhi gaya
kuchh gaa bhi gaya

kuchh ro bhi gaya
kuchh gaa bhi gaya
koi bijli giraa kar chala bhi gaya
haan koi bijli giraa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

aaya thha koi ee ee ee ee
aaya thha koi
?????? liye huye
fariyaad lab par
aankhon mein
toofaan liye huye
mehfil ko phoonk dene ka
saamaan liye huye
apni mehfil ko

apni mehfil ko
apni mehfil to
gaati ki gaati rahi

apni mehfil to
gaati ki gaati rahi

koi aansoo bahaa kar chala bhi gaya
haan koi dukhda sunaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya
Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5049 Post No. : 16962

Today’s song is from an obscure film called Aisa Kyun-1947.

The film was made by Shri Raj Pictures, Calcutta. It was directed by A K Chatterjee and the music was by Anupam Ghatak. The cast of the film was Iftikhar, Radharani, Urmila, Pinky, Faiz, Tandon etc. Most people are not aware of the fact that besides New Theatres studio in Calcutta, there were many other film making studios in Calcutta. Hindi films were also made in Burma at that time by the indo-Burma productions.

Some of the studios based in Calcutta were East india film co., Madon Theatres, Aurora film corporation, Shree Bharat films, Laxmi pictures, Chitramandir, RBS Productions, Dev Datta films, Indra movietone, Kali films, Kamla Movietone, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, New Popular Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha film co., Sonoray Pictures, Star film co., Sunrise film co.and Tollywood studios. (source-Indian Cinematographers’ yearbook-1938) This is an old list of when many Hindi films were made in Calcutta. Of late, there must be a lot of changes now.

In olden days, there were 3 major film centres-Bombvay, Lahore and Calcutta. After 1947, all the Hindi film activity at Lahore shifted to Bombay. By mid 50’s even Calcutta almost stopped making Hindi films. Many Hindi speaking artistes in various disciplines of film making shifted to Bombay and finally Bombay became the only and the main Hindi film making Centre.

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films Amar Asha, Angoorbala, Attention, Barrister, But Tarash, Chalte Chalte, Chandrahas, Dagabaz Dost, Dehati,Ek kadam,Gaurav,Giribala, Heera, Intezar ke baad, Jhalak,Jurmana, Khaufnak aankhen, Lalaat, Mangalsutra, Moti, Sewa gram, Stage girl, Tohfa or Utho jago ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like Shehnai, Mirza Sahiban, Jugnu, saajan, Naatak, Meera, Elan,Aap ki sewa mein, Dard, Do Bhai, Neel Kamal or Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

I have not seen this film, so I have no idea about its story etc. For the film’s Heroine-RadhaRani Calcuttewali, this was her last Hindi film that she acted or sang in. She continued her work in Bangla films, I suppose. This Radha Rani was one of the “Same Name Confusion ” pair, as there was another Radha Rani-Bombaywali. The music director Anupam Ghatak also died in 1947 only.

The music Director Anupam Ghatak – the second-generation Bengali-Hindi composer (after Rai Chand Boral and Pankaj Mullick) was born on 4-12-1911 at Mymensingh(now in Bangladesh). He took music lessons from father Atul Ghatak and Keshav ganesh Dhekan. He became an excellent Flautist. After a short stint in AIR,as a singer in 1930, he joined as asst. to Bishen Chand Boral (brother of Raichand Boral) and later to R C Boral himself for Vidyapati-1937

First independent film score: Payer Dhulo. Later worked at Sagar Film in Bombay, composing Zia Sarhadi’s Bhole Bhale and a series of films for Badami, Luhar et al. (1939). Returned to Calcutta, notably for Barua’s Shapmukti; thereafter had assignments in both Calcutta and Lahore. Known for his wide range, from the sentimental Ekti paisa dao go babu in Shape Mukti to the experimental Gane mor kon indradhanu in Agni Pareeksha.

His Hindi film career started with ‘Tarzan ki Beti-38 and Bhole Bhale-39. He gave music to only 17 Hindi films, composing 153 songs.These included Ladies Only,Service Ltd.,Sadhana,Uski tamanna (all 1939), Civil marriage (1940), Sri Ramanuj-43 etc. In Lahore he did Champa -45,Badnami-46 and Shalimar -46 before Partition. His other films as MD were, Khush Naseeb-46, Aai bahar-46, faisla-47, Aisa Kyun-47 and Banjare-48 and Shamsheer-1953. He had also sung 4 songs in his first film Tarzan ki beti-1938. His last Hindi film was Shamsheer-53, which was released only in 1953,after he died on 5-2-1947 itself.

Today’s song is sung by Jaganmoy Mitra aka Jagmohan Sursagar. So much is already written about him on our Blog by me and others, therefore I will not repeat his Bio-data. However I reproduce here an article published in Bangla Paper ” Anandabazar Patrika,Calcutta ” after his death.
Jaganmoy Mitra passes away

(Translated from Anadabazar Patrika, September 5, 2003)

Jaganmoy Mitra, the legendary singer of “chithi” is very far from us now. (PDG: The opening lines of the song “chithi”(1952), MD: Sailesh Dattagupta, are “tumi aaj koto doore” which means “you are so far today”). He expired yesterday night after suffering a cardiac arrest in his house at Juhu, Mumbai. He was 85. He is survived by three sons and two daughters. Although he stayed away from Bengal for the greater part of his life, he admired Bengali music and culture till his last day.

“aami duranto baishaakhi jhad” (PDG: which means ‘I am a restless summer tempest, you are a fiery flame’, MD: Kamal Dasgupta, 1947) and “shaaon raate yadi” – romantic numbers like these have entertained numerous music lovers over more than five decades.

Besides Bengali, his popularity in Hindi music was also unsurpassable at one time. He was known to the rest of India as ‘Jagmohan’. Gandhiji was an admirer of his music. He has recorded over 400 songs in a career spanning over five decades. Besides Bengali romantic numbers he has also sung Rabindrasangeet,
Nazrulgeeti, and simultaneously in Hindi, Gujrati and Marathi.

His first record for HMV was the Nazrulgeeti “shaaon raate yadi” in 1938. This song propelled him to immediate popularity. He has recorded 100 plus Hindi songs. He scored music for the Hindi film “Sarhad”. (PDG: That should be Sardar(1955)).

He has received numerous awards and felicitations including Padmashri and Sursagar. But he always valued the admiration of his listeners above any awards. His music had taken him to the United States, Great Britain and East Africa. His autobiography is titled “shaaon raate yadi smarane aase more” ( which means ‘If you remember me on a rainy night’).

The song,which follows, is sung so beautifully that one is lost with the soft and melodious voice of Jagmohan. This was his speciality and for this style I simply adore him.


Song-Thhukra de jo nazron se (Aisa Kyun)(1947) Singer-Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Anupam Ghatak

Lyrics

Thhukra de jo nazron se
dil ka mere nazraana
apna na samajh usko
begaana hai begaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

guzri huyi baaton ko o
o o o o o o o
dohraane se
kya aa aa haasil il
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

main aen ae ae
thhak gaya samjha kar
apne dil e naadaan ko o o
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4922 Post No. : 16753

Today’s song is from the film ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947).

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Angoorbala’, ‘Attention’, ‘Barrister’, ‘But Tarash’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahas’, ‘Daghabaaz Dost’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Ek Kadam’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Giribala’, ‘Heera’, ‘Intezar Ke Baad’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Jurmana’, ‘Khaufnak Aankhen’, ‘Lalaat’, ‘Mangalsutra’, ‘Moti’, ‘Sewagram’, ‘Stage Girl’, ‘Tohfa’ or ‘Utho Jaago’ ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like ‘Shehnai’, ‘Mirza Sahiban’ and Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

Today’s film ‘Dekho ji’ was also one such film. The producer/director,MDs, hero heroine and most actors of this film migrated to Pakistan, one after another in few years’ time. The film was made by The Punjab Film Corporation, Bombay. The Producer/ Director was Wali saheb. There were 2 MDs, namely Tufail Faruqui and Sabir Hussain There were 11 songs in the film but only few songs are available on YouTube. The cast consisted of Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Haroon, Khatoon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc.

When we talk of partition and migration of artistes from one country to another, only the famous and the well known names are taken. There were hundreds of small-time actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who were not known to many and also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ‘Who’s Who: Music in Pakistan’ written by A Shaikh and M Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers, composers, lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times, the instrument players, chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore after partition, he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt like he was having a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry, many partition immigrants came back to dominate and transform the scene here. Filmmakers like Sippy, BR Chopra, Yash Chopra, Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim film makers, writers, actors and composers, the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the partition, only to again be dominated after 60-70 years !

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950, including producers like Mehboob, Kardar and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi – who went to Lahore with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Roop K Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life to India after riots in Pakistan post partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India after a few years when they realized that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the refugee camps of Delhi where Hindi movies were shown for free for two hours every evening to all. ‘Film India’ magazine commented that there were more than 15,000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay. It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films. Due to polarization, there was much inflammatory writing published in this magazine at that time.

However, as before and always Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture. A big rally, led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947 in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly, to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, film artistes had led a rally in Calcutta at the same time.

The famous Music Historian James McConnachie said, ”As India marched into an uncertain future – in 1947 – film songs offered something unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation, something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India, chanting ”Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang, nobody cared that Mohd Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims, much better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The Rough Guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film ‘Kamli’), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films – ‘Aaina’ (1944) and ‘Director’ (1947), Tufail Farooqi (2 films – ‘Sona Chandi’ (1946) and ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947)). Inayat Hussain of course became a legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, on 10-7-1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined AIR, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘ in 1946. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave an opportunity to a young but promising newcomer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947). Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 5 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition,Tufail migrated to Pakistan along with family, with Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ (1970) had a song – ”Mera Sona Des Kisaan Da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye Desh Hai Veer Jawaanon Ka” from ‘Naya Daur’ (1957). The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he had a son – Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He died in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpur and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs. 40 per month. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’ (1931) and ‘Gul Bakavli’ (1932). He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in the film ‘Fidai Tohid’ (1934) as a hero. He gave music to the film ‘Gunehgar’ (1936). He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’ (1938) and ‘Daughters of India’ (1939). His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1935). He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’ (1941).

His best role came in ‘Sharada’ (1942), as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in the film ‘Keemat’ (1946). Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’ (1941), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Sukh Dukh’ (1942), ‘Kanoon’ (1943), ‘Sanjog’ (1943), ‘Geet’ (1944) and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945). After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’ (1949), ‘Namoona’ (1949) and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’ (1949). After this he migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of ‘Film India’ magazine was his fan.

We do not know who sang today’s song, since the HFGK does not mention name of the singer.


Song- Mela mela mela jawaani chaar dinon ka mela (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Unknown female singer, Lyricist-Wali Sahib, MD- Tufail Faruqui

Lyrics

mela mela mela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa
chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa aa aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
hoye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
Jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

joban par mat jaiyyo o o
joban par mat jaiyyo
ye harjaai re ae ae
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
ye parchhaai re
jyon paani ka rela rela rela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
tab tak
tab tak bhanwra doley ae ae
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
tab tak koyal boley
tab tak koyal boley
kaun kisi se khela khela khela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
hoy jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

मेला मेला मेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला
चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जोबन पर मत जईओ
जोबन पर मत जईओ
ये हरजाई रे
दुख से मत घबरईओ
दुख से मत घबरईओ
ये परछाई रे
ज्यों पानी का रेला रेला रेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
तब तक
तब तक भँवरा डोले
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
तब तक कोयल बोले
तब तक कोयल बोले
कौन किसी से खेला खेला खेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is the 16700th article in the blog.

Blog Day :

4898 Post No. : 16700

Publishing the blog century post brings some anxious moments. One has to worry about the song that should be used for the occasion. It also calls for more efforts than usual as far as writeup is concerned.

But once the century post is published, one tends to relax for the next 99 songs. The next century post occasion will not arrive for many months, so I can relax- this is the usual feeling. But sooner or later, even those “many months” are over and yet another blog century occasion presents itself.  🙂

That occasion is upon us. And this post is post number 16700th for the blog.

I have discussed it in the past that I begin to worry about the century post only at the eleventh hour and 59th minute. When the time for worrying arrived, I found that I had no idea what song to discuss. Then I remembered that I sometimes come across rare songs and I note down their details, hoping to use these songs at special occasions. These details are stored away in text files titled “rare songs”, “rare songs latest”, “rarest songs” etc.

I located these files and realised that I had several songs in these files. I checked them up and finalised a song. Just when I sat down to prepare a writeup, I found out that the song had already been used up on a past occasion. So I had to switch over to another song.

The song that I have chosen as the 16700th song for the blog is from “Pagdandi”(1947). This movie was directed by Ramnarayan Dube. The movie had Akhtar, Padma, Gyani, Kalawati, G N Butt, Om Prakash, Shyam Lal, Durga Mota Sudarshan, Raza Meer etc in it.

The movie had ten rare songs in it. HFGK does not contain details of the singers for any songs. Only the record numbers of the songs are available. That is how rare these songs are.

However, the blog has so far covered as many as eight songs from the movie.

This song, the ninth song from “Pagdandi”(1947), like other songs does not give details of the singer. But the uploader mentions the singer as Munawwar Sultana. Lyrics are by D N Madhok. Music is composed by Khursheed Anwar.

The song is a fun song to listen to. It is a “Sainyya bhaye kotwal ab dar kaahe ka” genre of song, which was fairly popular in Hindi movies those days. I remember “Daroga jee”(1949) containing several songs of this genre. In these songs, the lady would tell everyone that her beau had become a big shot government employee and now others better start paying respect and tributes to the lady. Sainyya becoming “kotwal” (read policeman) was preferred the most. Next preference was for sainyya to become patwaari (which is the case here).

In all these songs, others would be warned to behave themselves, else “thhaane mein rapat” may follow.  🙂 In this case, one is threatened with “bhaari jurmaana”.  🙂 Such misuse of powers vested with officials was considered normal those days. 🙂

In small remote places, even today small time policemen and government officials wieid considerable influence over public. If they go to the local market, the shopkeepers treat them as VIPs. Some of them, mainly policemen do not even pay for stuff they take from shops. Kids who watch all this dream of becoming policemen. People who are a bit more aware dream of becoming IAS or IPS, but such people are not found in these remote places.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Only one more song from the movie is left to be covered. But that record number of that song “Rukhsat hua jo god ka paala” is not mentioned, which suggests that this song was only there in the movie and its records were not issued. So unless the prints of the movie miraculously become available, this tenth and final song from the movie is not available and has been lost.

With this song, we reach blog post number 16700. This is the 167th blog century for the blog. Now we are just three centuries away from 17000 mark. At the present rate, we should be there in another six months or so.

I take this opportunity to thank one and all. The continous support, patronage and encouragemnent that we get from one and all is the fuel that drives this musical bandwagon. I take this opportunity to thank one and all. I take this opportunity to especially thank our regulars whose contributions are enriching the blog and taking it to newer heights. Here is hoping that we keep reaching many more landmarks in the times to come.


Song-Balma patwaari ho gaye (Pagdandi)(1947) Singer-Munawwar Sultana, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khursheed Anwar

Lyrics

balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o dagar chalne waale
are o
are o dagar chalne waale
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o gaanv waalon aawo
arre o
arre o gaanv waalon aawo
khud jahaan dekh lo ghus ghus jaao
khud jahaan dekh lo ghus ghus jaao
patwaaree sabka afsar hai
yeh bade saab kaa kehna hai
aardar bhee jaaree ho gaye
patwaaree sabka afsar hai
yeh bade saab kaa kehna hai
aardar bhee jaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o dagar chalne waale
arre o
arre o dagar chalne waale
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17246

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1338
Total Number of movies covered=4642

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