Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Songs of 1947’ Category


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

5073 Post No. : 16994

“Romeo And Juliet-1947” was directed by Akhtar Hussaain for ‘Nargis Art Concern, Bombay’ (home production of actress Nargis). It had Nargis, Sapru, Anwar Hussain, Sunalini Devi, Nisar, John Cavas, Hameed Murad, Nazir Kashmiri, Violet, Pushpa, Abdul Rasheed, Amanullah and others.

This movie had eight songs as listed below;

S.No. Song Title Lyricist Singer Posted On
01 Mast jawaani aayi mast jawaani aayi Majrooh Sultanpuri Zohrabai Ambalewali 28.12.2020
02 Mausam ye suhaanaa, ahaa ahaa Manohar Khanna Zohrabai Ambalewali 26.07.2017
03 Tumhe sitaaron ne be-akhtiyaar dekha Akhtar Shirani G.M. Durrani 21.09.2014
04 Koyi dil mein samaaya jaaye Manohar Khanna Zohrabai Ambalewali
05 Kisko khabar thi, dil ki ye duniya Manohar Khanna
06 Kya bataayen ishq zaalim Jigar Moradabadi Zohrabai Ambalewali
07 Wo yaad aa rahen hai, laaye unhe kahaan se Majrooh Sultanpuri G.M.Durrani
08 Donon jahaan teri muhabbat mein haar ke Faiz Ahmed Faiz Khayyam, Zohrabai Ambalewali 12.08.2014

We can see from above that four songs of this movie have been posted on the blog so far.

This movie had made its debut on the blog on 12.08.2014 with a song sung by Khayyam Saab and Zohrabai Ambalewali.
The second song from this movie followed immediately in next month and it was posted on 21.09.2014 which was sung by G.M. Durrani.
Thereafter it was a gap of almost three years after which the third song from this movie was posted on 26.07.2017. This song was a solo song sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali.

The fourth song from this movie again took more than three years to appear on the blog, and it was posted on 28.12.2020. This song again was a solo sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali.

Out of the eight songs, Manohar Khanna is the lyricist for three songs. Two songs are written by Majrooh Sultanpuri, and the remaining three songs are written by Akhtar Shirani, Jigar Moradabadi and Faiz Ahmed Faiz – one song each.

Incidentally, the four songs that are already coveredon the blog are written by four different lyricists viz. Majrooh Sultanpuri, Manohar Khanna, Akhtar Shirani and Faiz Ahmed Faiz.
That leaves us four songs from the movie that yet to be posted. They are written by Majrooh Sultanpuri (one song), Manohar Khanna (two songs) and Jigar Moradabadi (one song).

Here I am presenting the fifth song from this movie. It is a solo song sung by Zohrabai Ambalewali. Jigar Moradabadi is the lyricist.

Jigar Moradabadi (born on 06.04.1890 and passed away on 09.09.1960) was a prominent Urdu Poet of yesteryears.

Here is a brief information about his biography written by our respected Shri. Sadanand ji in his post ‘sharma gaye lajaa gaye daaman chhudaa gaye’ (I am reproducing the same here so that readers can also read it here).

“Jigar Muradabadi (06/04/1890 – 09/09/1960) has been often called as ‘shaayar of beauty and love’. Jigar confined his poetry mostly covering his admiration for beauty, love, and emotions. It is said that his poetry has some influence of Daagh Dehlvi and Momin Khan Momin.
I have read through almost all of his ghazals that are available online and in Hindi (or Roman Hindi). There are no philosophical or spiritual tones in almost all of his ghazals. Likewise, I have not come across any poetry depicting the situations during the British rules though he had spent much of his life under British rule. Even if such poems do exist, perhaps they have not been well publicised. After independence also, his poetry did not venture much into the socio-economic situations in the country which had been the main plank of Urdu poets associated with PWA.

Jigar says :

Unka jo farz hai wo ahl-e-siyasat jaane
Mera paighaam mohabbat hai jahaan tak pahunche
[What is their duties only politician would know.
I give the message of love wherever it reaches]

As in the case of some Urdu poets like Majaaz Lucknawi, Jigar’s ghazals are a sort of his own autobiography. From 1920 to 1938, his life was captivated by alcohol and the beauty. Married at an early age, he had numerous love affairs, all of which turned out to be failures. These are all reflected in his ghazals. But unlike Majaaz who rued his failed love affairs in his poetry, Jigar can find joy even in his unfulfilled love because, for him, the experience of love itself is a joy.
It has been stated that he had a huge fan following encompassing both the elites and the masses. The respect he got cut across the religious lines. It is said that participation of Jigar Muradabadi was a sure success of a mushaira due to his poetry and the melodious renditions.
Jigar did not formally become guide to the budding young Urdu poets of his time. But he was a source of inspirations and mentors for poets like Behzad Lucknawi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Khumar Barabankvi etc.”

Today’s song is a melancholic song.

Let us now listen to today’s song…


Song-Kya bataayein ishq zaalim kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai(Romeo Aur Juliet)(1947) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyrics-Jigar Moradabadi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram

Lyrics

Kya bataayein
Kya bataayein ae
Ishq zaalim
Kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai
Yoon samajh lo jaise dil
Seene se niklaa jaaye hai

Jab nahin tumko tasavvur bhi
Tumhaara kya garoor
Jab nahin tumko tasavvur bhi
Tumhaara kya garoor
Is se bhi keh do ke
Ye taqleef kyun farmaaye hai ae
Is se bhi keh do ke
Ye taqleef kyun farmaaye hai

Kis taraf jaaun
Kidhar dekhoon
Kise aawaaz doon
Kis taraf jaaun
Kidhar dekhoon
Kise aawaaz doon
Ae huzoome naamuraadi
jee bahot ghabraaye hain ae
Ae huzoome naamuraadi
jee bahot ghabraaye hai
Kya bataayein ae
Ishq zaalim
Kya qayaamat dhhaaye hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5061 Post No. : 16975

Today’s song is from the film Mulaqat-1947.

The film was made by Taj mahal pictures.It’s all 11 songs were written by Munshi Dil Lucknowi and the film was directed by the Lyricist himself. Actually, ” Munshi ” means a Clerk, a writer, a literary assistant or a Language Teacher. How this Munshi directed the movie is a wonder. But then in the Hindi film industry, you find many such odd, unimaginable things. This was not his first directorial venture. He had already tried his hand at film-“Abla ki Shakti’-1940 and after this film, he again directed a film “Do Bhai”-1954. As a Lyricst, he write 126 songs in 16 film which included films like Iqrar-42,Naqgad narayan-43 ( a remake of Marathi film ” पैसा बोलतो आहे”), Sohni Mahiwal-46 and Laila-54. After this he migrated to Pakistan.

In Hindi, films are repeated in different ways like….

1. Same Titles – Commonest type, but not necessary that the film content will be the same. Hundreds of titles are repeated from Twice to more than 5 times. The maximum repetitions’ honour goes to the title ” INSAF “. Films with this title were made as many as 7 times. Funnily, there was at least one “Insaf” movie in each decade for 70 continuous
years ! They were made in 1937, 1946,1956, 1966,1973, 1987 and 1997. What Luck !

2. Same story – Different Titles…like Actor, Damaad and Albela – all made in 1951. Aurat teri yehi kahani-1954 and Aurat Teri kahani-1988. Many others.

3.Remakes….a) Hindi to Hindi – Aurat and Mother India, Abodh and Uphaar, Panghat-Chitchor and Main Prem ki diwani hoon, Hamare Tumhare and Khatta Meetha, Mala and Amar, Grihasthi and Ghar Basake dekho, Malkin and Biradari etc.

b) Other languages to Hindi like Marathi, Bangla, Tamil, Telugu etc. Chandralekha, Bahar, Ladki, Many films from New Theatres, Calcutta.

c) Dubbed films like Jaisimha to Jaisingh. Many films fall in this category nowadays, especially from the south.

There are many such remakes and the lists would be too long. This only proves that a popular theme/story is worth remaking a film. Why does this happen? Are there a shortage of stories ?
In 2004, a book called “Why we tell stories’, written by Christopher Booker was published. It is a book having more than 700 pages-728 pages to be exact. The book says “There are only 7 (Seven) basic plots in the whole world. They are recycled again and again in Novels, movies, Plays and Operas. These are
1.Overcoming the Monster
2.Rags to riches
3.The quest
4.Voyage and return
5.Rebirth or identical persons.
6.Comedy and
7.Tragedy .

After this book was published, there was chaos and criticism started. ‘New York Times’ also jumped in. The author coolly replied to all points and stuck to his statements. If we look at Hindi films, I personally feel that what the author has said is true in our case. Only thing is that our film stories are always a clever mixture of all or some of the above themes.

Today’s movie Mulaqat-47 was also a repeat title film. Films on this title were made in 1947, 1993 and 2002. This was a film with Muslim social background. The cast of the film was Naseem Banu, Prem Adib, Rama Shukla, Mumtaz Ali, Majid, Najma, Shah Nawaz and many others. The story of the film was –

Nasir (Prem Adib) is a school teacher. He and Saeeda fall in love and think of getting married. Saeeda loses her father and orphan Saeeda has to live with her Uncle and Aunt, who ill-treat her. fed up os this treatment she wants to commit suicide under a train, but is saved by a passing by Nawab Saheb (Shah Nawaz). He takes her home and decides to keep her there with them. He has a daughter who is Nasir’s student. Through her, the lovers come together again and decide to get married soon.
Meanwhile Mukarram (Rama Shukla), the vagabond son of the Nawab returns home. promising to mend his ways, he stays there. Now he too wants to marry Saeeda. The Nawab asks her. Under the burden of his help, she can not say ‘No’. The marriage is fixed.
Just one day prior to marriage, the town Police come and arrest Mukarram for a murder, which he had committed and take him away. The nawab is heartbroken. His daughter tells him about Nasi and Saeeda’s love affair. Nawab immediately calls Nasir and arranges his marriage with Saeeda. The End.

Shahnawaz Khan, known only as Shahnawaz, was born on 18-9-1906 in Hyderabad Deccan. His father was a Major in Hyderabad’s Nizam Army. During his school education, he used to act in dramas. After Matriculation, he joined the Govt. Service in Hyderabad state. He was, however, keen on joining films and dramas. After 5 years, he left the job and started a Motor car business. In that connection, he would visit Bombay often and try his luck at different studios. Finally, his efforts bore fruit and he got a Villain’s role in film Bharat ka laal-36, in which he was listed as S.Nawaz. It was a stunt film made by the Kadam brothers (Harischandra rao and Chandra rao Kadam), with Master Bhagwan as the Hero.

After this, he never went back to Hyderabad. Then came his films Daulat-37, Toofani khazana-37, Rangila Mazdoor-38, Jungle king-39, Sardar 40 etc etc. In 1940, he joined Bombay Talkies and worked in films. He was apparently in Devika Rani’s camp. He was seen in Punarmilan-40,Bandhan-40, Jhoola-41, Naya Sansar-41, Kismet – 43 and Hamari Baat-43.He also worked in Masterji-43, Police,Parakh and Anban-44, Zeenat, Bhaijan and Humayun-45 and few more films. In all, he did 35 films in India. In 1948, Shahnawaz migrated to Pakistan. He was welcomed there. He did 41 films in Pakistan (32 Urdu and 9 Punjabi). Some of his films were quite famous, like Aansoo-50, Sassi-54, Ayyaz-60 etc.

Shahnawaz died in Karachi on 18-6-1971. His last released film was Nek Parween-75.

There are two small actors. Here is some information about them, since they migrated to Pakistan after this film.

Majid’s name was Abdul Majid Syed. He was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata. In Pakistan he did just 7 films. He died on 24-9-1959.

Najma was born at Lahore on 1-12-1928. Her father was a businessman. Her real name was Naseem. Since there was already one famous actress Naseem, she changed her name. She first worked in ‘Kunwaara baap’ (1942) and ‘Uljhan’ (1942) Then came ‘Nai Zindagi’ (1943), ‘Dr Kumar’ (1944), ‘Piya Milan’ (1945)’ ‘Naseeb’ (1945) and Mulaqat-1947. Then she got married, left films and migrated to Pakistan.

Today’s song is a duet by Arunkumar Mukherjee and Binapani Mukherjee. The music was by Khemchand Prakash. Enjoy….


Song- Kaale kaale baadal mein gora gora chaand (Mulaaqaat)(1947) Singers- Binapani Mukherjee, Arunkumar Mukherjee, Lyricist- Munshi Dil Lucknowi, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Kaale kaale baadal mein
Kaale kaale baadal mein
Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

kuchh ro bhi gaya
kuchh gaa bhi gaya

kuchh ro bhi gaya
kuchh gaa bhi gaya
koi bijli giraa kar chala bhi gaya
haan koi bijli giraa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya

aaya thha koi ee ee ee ee
aaya thha koi
?????? liye huye
fariyaad lab par
aankhon mein
toofaan liye huye
mehfil ko phoonk dene ka
saamaan liye huye
apni mehfil ko

apni mehfil ko
apni mehfil to
gaati ki gaati rahi

apni mehfil to
gaati ki gaati rahi

koi aansoo bahaa kar chala bhi gaya
haan koi dukhda sunaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya
ho chala bhi gaya
Kaale kaale baadal mein
gora gora chaand
jalwa dikhaa kar chala bhi gaya
haay chala bhi gaya


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5049 Post No. : 16962

Today’s song is from an obscure film called Aisa Kyun-1947.

The film was made by Shri Raj Pictures, Calcutta. It was directed by A K Chatterjee and the music was by Anupam Ghatak. The cast of the film was Iftikhar, Radharani, Urmila, Pinky, Faiz, Tandon etc. Most people are not aware of the fact that besides New Theatres studio in Calcutta, there were many other film making studios in Calcutta. Hindi films were also made in Burma at that time by the indo-Burma productions.

Some of the studios based in Calcutta were East india film co., Madon Theatres, Aurora film corporation, Shree Bharat films, Laxmi pictures, Chitramandir, RBS Productions, Dev Datta films, Indra movietone, Kali films, Kamla Movietone, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, New Popular Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha film co., Sonoray Pictures, Star film co., Sunrise film co.and Tollywood studios. (source-Indian Cinematographers’ yearbook-1938) This is an old list of when many Hindi films were made in Calcutta. Of late, there must be a lot of changes now.

In olden days, there were 3 major film centres-Bombvay, Lahore and Calcutta. After 1947, all the Hindi film activity at Lahore shifted to Bombay. By mid 50’s even Calcutta almost stopped making Hindi films. Many Hindi speaking artistes in various disciplines of film making shifted to Bombay and finally Bombay became the only and the main Hindi film making Centre.

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films Amar Asha, Angoorbala, Attention, Barrister, But Tarash, Chalte Chalte, Chandrahas, Dagabaz Dost, Dehati,Ek kadam,Gaurav,Giribala, Heera, Intezar ke baad, Jhalak,Jurmana, Khaufnak aankhen, Lalaat, Mangalsutra, Moti, Sewa gram, Stage girl, Tohfa or Utho jago ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like Shehnai, Mirza Sahiban, Jugnu, saajan, Naatak, Meera, Elan,Aap ki sewa mein, Dard, Do Bhai, Neel Kamal or Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

I have not seen this film, so I have no idea about its story etc. For the film’s Heroine-RadhaRani Calcuttewali, this was her last Hindi film that she acted or sang in. She continued her work in Bangla films, I suppose. This Radha Rani was one of the “Same Name Confusion ” pair, as there was another Radha Rani-Bombaywali. The music director Anupam Ghatak also died in 1947 only.

The music Director Anupam Ghatak – the second-generation Bengali-Hindi composer (after Rai Chand Boral and Pankaj Mullick) was born on 4-12-1911 at Mymensingh(now in Bangladesh). He took music lessons from father Atul Ghatak and Keshav ganesh Dhekan. He became an excellent Flautist. After a short stint in AIR,as a singer in 1930, he joined as asst. to Bishen Chand Boral (brother of Raichand Boral) and later to R C Boral himself for Vidyapati-1937

First independent film score: Payer Dhulo. Later worked at Sagar Film in Bombay, composing Zia Sarhadi’s Bhole Bhale and a series of films for Badami, Luhar et al. (1939). Returned to Calcutta, notably for Barua’s Shapmukti; thereafter had assignments in both Calcutta and Lahore. Known for his wide range, from the sentimental Ekti paisa dao go babu in Shape Mukti to the experimental Gane mor kon indradhanu in Agni Pareeksha.

His Hindi film career started with ‘Tarzan ki Beti-38 and Bhole Bhale-39. He gave music to only 17 Hindi films, composing 153 songs.These included Ladies Only,Service Ltd.,Sadhana,Uski tamanna (all 1939), Civil marriage (1940), Sri Ramanuj-43 etc. In Lahore he did Champa -45,Badnami-46 and Shalimar -46 before Partition. His other films as MD were, Khush Naseeb-46, Aai bahar-46, faisla-47, Aisa Kyun-47 and Banjare-48 and Shamsheer-1953. He had also sung 4 songs in his first film Tarzan ki beti-1938. His last Hindi film was Shamsheer-53, which was released only in 1953,after he died on 5-2-1947 itself.

Today’s song is sung by Jaganmoy Mitra aka Jagmohan Sursagar. So much is already written about him on our Blog by me and others, therefore I will not repeat his Bio-data. However I reproduce here an article published in Bangla Paper ” Anandabazar Patrika,Calcutta ” after his death.
Jaganmoy Mitra passes away

(Translated from Anadabazar Patrika, September 5, 2003)

Jaganmoy Mitra, the legendary singer of “chithi” is very far from us now. (PDG: The opening lines of the song “chithi”(1952), MD: Sailesh Dattagupta, are “tumi aaj koto doore” which means “you are so far today”). He expired yesterday night after suffering a cardiac arrest in his house at Juhu, Mumbai. He was 85. He is survived by three sons and two daughters. Although he stayed away from Bengal for the greater part of his life, he admired Bengali music and culture till his last day.

“aami duranto baishaakhi jhad” (PDG: which means ‘I am a restless summer tempest, you are a fiery flame’, MD: Kamal Dasgupta, 1947) and “shaaon raate yadi” – romantic numbers like these have entertained numerous music lovers over more than five decades.

Besides Bengali, his popularity in Hindi music was also unsurpassable at one time. He was known to the rest of India as ‘Jagmohan’. Gandhiji was an admirer of his music. He has recorded over 400 songs in a career spanning over five decades. Besides Bengali romantic numbers he has also sung Rabindrasangeet,
Nazrulgeeti, and simultaneously in Hindi, Gujrati and Marathi.

His first record for HMV was the Nazrulgeeti “shaaon raate yadi” in 1938. This song propelled him to immediate popularity. He has recorded 100 plus Hindi songs. He scored music for the Hindi film “Sarhad”. (PDG: That should be Sardar(1955)).

He has received numerous awards and felicitations including Padmashri and Sursagar. But he always valued the admiration of his listeners above any awards. His music had taken him to the United States, Great Britain and East Africa. His autobiography is titled “shaaon raate yadi smarane aase more” ( which means ‘If you remember me on a rainy night’).

The song,which follows, is sung so beautifully that one is lost with the soft and melodious voice of Jagmohan. This was his speciality and for this style I simply adore him.


Song-Thhukra de jo nazron se (Aisa Kyun)(1947) Singer-Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Anupam Ghatak

Lyrics

Thhukra de jo nazron se
dil ka mere nazraana
apna na samajh usko
begaana hai begaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

guzri huyi baaton ko o
o o o o o o o
dohraane se
kya aa aa haasil il
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
guzri huyi baaten to
afsaana hai afsaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se

main aen ae ae
thhak gaya samjha kar
apne dil e naadaan ko o o
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
deewaane ko kya kahiye
deewaana hai deewaana
Thhukra de jo nazron se


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4922 Post No. : 16753

Today’s song is from the film ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947).

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Angoorbala’, ‘Attention’, ‘Barrister’, ‘But Tarash’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahas’, ‘Daghabaaz Dost’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Ek Kadam’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Giribala’, ‘Heera’, ‘Intezar Ke Baad’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Jurmana’, ‘Khaufnak Aankhen’, ‘Lalaat’, ‘Mangalsutra’, ‘Moti’, ‘Sewagram’, ‘Stage Girl’, ‘Tohfa’ or ‘Utho Jaago’ ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like ‘Shehnai’, ‘Mirza Sahiban’ and Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

Today’s film ‘Dekho ji’ was also one such film. The producer/director,MDs, hero heroine and most actors of this film migrated to Pakistan, one after another in few years’ time. The film was made by The Punjab Film Corporation, Bombay. The Producer/ Director was Wali saheb. There were 2 MDs, namely Tufail Faruqui and Sabir Hussain There were 11 songs in the film but only few songs are available on YouTube. The cast consisted of Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Haroon, Khatoon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc.

When we talk of partition and migration of artistes from one country to another, only the famous and the well known names are taken. There were hundreds of small-time actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who were not known to many and also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ‘Who’s Who: Music in Pakistan’ written by A Shaikh and M Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers, composers, lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times, the instrument players, chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore after partition, he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt like he was having a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry, many partition immigrants came back to dominate and transform the scene here. Filmmakers like Sippy, BR Chopra, Yash Chopra, Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim film makers, writers, actors and composers, the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the partition, only to again be dominated after 60-70 years !

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950, including producers like Mehboob, Kardar and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi – who went to Lahore with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Roop K Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life to India after riots in Pakistan post partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India after a few years when they realized that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the refugee camps of Delhi where Hindi movies were shown for free for two hours every evening to all. ‘Film India’ magazine commented that there were more than 15,000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay. It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films. Due to polarization, there was much inflammatory writing published in this magazine at that time.

However, as before and always Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture. A big rally, led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947 in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly, to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, film artistes had led a rally in Calcutta at the same time.

The famous Music Historian James McConnachie said, ”As India marched into an uncertain future – in 1947 – film songs offered something unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation, something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India, chanting ”Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang, nobody cared that Mohd Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims, much better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The Rough Guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film ‘Kamli’), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films – ‘Aaina’ (1944) and ‘Director’ (1947), Tufail Farooqi (2 films – ‘Sona Chandi’ (1946) and ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947)). Inayat Hussain of course became a legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, on 10-7-1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined AIR, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘ in 1946. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave an opportunity to a young but promising newcomer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947). Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 5 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition,Tufail migrated to Pakistan along with family, with Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ (1970) had a song – ”Mera Sona Des Kisaan Da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye Desh Hai Veer Jawaanon Ka” from ‘Naya Daur’ (1957). The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he had a son – Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He died in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpur and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs. 40 per month. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’ (1931) and ‘Gul Bakavli’ (1932). He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in the film ‘Fidai Tohid’ (1934) as a hero. He gave music to the film ‘Gunehgar’ (1936). He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’ (1938) and ‘Daughters of India’ (1939). His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1935). He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’ (1941).

His best role came in ‘Sharada’ (1942), as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in the film ‘Keemat’ (1946). Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’ (1941), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Sukh Dukh’ (1942), ‘Kanoon’ (1943), ‘Sanjog’ (1943), ‘Geet’ (1944) and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945). After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’ (1949), ‘Namoona’ (1949) and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’ (1949). After this he migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of ‘Film India’ magazine was his fan.

We do not know who sang today’s song, since the HFGK does not mention name of the singer.


Song- Mela mela mela jawaani chaar dinon ka mela (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Unknown female singer, Lyricist-Wali Sahib, MD- Tufail Faruqui

Lyrics

mela mela mela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa
chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa aa aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
hoye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
Jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

joban par mat jaiyyo o o
joban par mat jaiyyo
ye harjaai re ae ae
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
ye parchhaai re
jyon paani ka rela rela rela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
tab tak
tab tak bhanwra doley ae ae
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
tab tak koyal boley
tab tak koyal boley
kaun kisi se khela khela khela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
hoy jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

मेला मेला मेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला
चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जोबन पर मत जईओ
जोबन पर मत जईओ
ये हरजाई रे
दुख से मत घबरईओ
दुख से मत घबरईओ
ये परछाई रे
ज्यों पानी का रेला रेला रेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
तब तक
तब तक भँवरा डोले
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
तब तक कोयल बोले
तब तक कोयल बोले
कौन किसी से खेला खेला खेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is the 16700th article in the blog.

Blog Day :

4898 Post No. : 16700

Publishing the blog century post brings some anxious moments. One has to worry about the song that should be used for the occasion. It also calls for more efforts than usual as far as writeup is concerned.

But once the century post is published, one tends to relax for the next 99 songs. The next century post occasion will not arrive for many months, so I can relax- this is the usual feeling. But sooner or later, even those “many months” are over and yet another blog century occasion presents itself.  🙂

That occasion is upon us. And this post is post number 16700th for the blog.

I have discussed it in the past that I begin to worry about the century post only at the eleventh hour and 59th minute. When the time for worrying arrived, I found that I had no idea what song to discuss. Then I remembered that I sometimes come across rare songs and I note down their details, hoping to use these songs at special occasions. These details are stored away in text files titled “rare songs”, “rare songs latest”, “rarest songs” etc.

I located these files and realised that I had several songs in these files. I checked them up and finalised a song. Just when I sat down to prepare a writeup, I found out that the song had already been used up on a past occasion. So I had to switch over to another song.

The song that I have chosen as the 16700th song for the blog is from “Pagdandi”(1947). This movie was directed by Ramnarayan Dube. The movie had Akhtar, Padma, Gyani, Kalawati, G N Butt, Om Prakash, Shyam Lal, Durga Mota Sudarshan, Raza Meer etc in it.

The movie had ten rare songs in it. HFGK does not contain details of the singers for any songs. Only the record numbers of the songs are available. That is how rare these songs are.

However, the blog has so far covered as many as eight songs from the movie.

This song, the ninth song from “Pagdandi”(1947), like other songs does not give details of the singer. But the uploader mentions the singer as Munawwar Sultana. Lyrics are by D N Madhok. Music is composed by Khursheed Anwar.

The song is a fun song to listen to. It is a “Sainyya bhaye kotwal ab dar kaahe ka” genre of song, which was fairly popular in Hindi movies those days. I remember “Daroga jee”(1949) containing several songs of this genre. In these songs, the lady would tell everyone that her beau had become a big shot government employee and now others better start paying respect and tributes to the lady. Sainyya becoming “kotwal” (read policeman) was preferred the most. Next preference was for sainyya to become patwaari (which is the case here).

In all these songs, others would be warned to behave themselves, else “thhaane mein rapat” may follow.  🙂 In this case, one is threatened with “bhaari jurmaana”.  🙂 Such misuse of powers vested with officials was considered normal those days. 🙂

In small remote places, even today small time policemen and government officials wieid considerable influence over public. If they go to the local market, the shopkeepers treat them as VIPs. Some of them, mainly policemen do not even pay for stuff they take from shops. Kids who watch all this dream of becoming policemen. People who are a bit more aware dream of becoming IAS or IPS, but such people are not found in these remote places.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Only one more song from the movie is left to be covered. But that record number of that song “Rukhsat hua jo god ka paala” is not mentioned, which suggests that this song was only there in the movie and its records were not issued. So unless the prints of the movie miraculously become available, this tenth and final song from the movie is not available and has been lost.

With this song, we reach blog post number 16700. This is the 167th blog century for the blog. Now we are just three centuries away from 17000 mark. At the present rate, we should be there in another six months or so.

I take this opportunity to thank one and all. The continous support, patronage and encouragemnent that we get from one and all is the fuel that drives this musical bandwagon. I take this opportunity to thank one and all. I take this opportunity to especially thank our regulars whose contributions are enriching the blog and taking it to newer heights. Here is hoping that we keep reaching many more landmarks in the times to come.


Song-Balma patwaari ho gaye (Pagdandi)(1947) Singer-Munawwar Sultana, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khursheed Anwar

Lyrics

balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o dagar chalne waale
are o
are o dagar chalne waale
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o gaanv waalon aawo
arre o
arre o gaanv waalon aawo
khud jahaan dekh lo ghus ghus jaao
khud jahaan dekh lo ghus ghus jaao
patwaaree sabka afsar hai
yeh bade saab kaa kehna hai
aardar bhee jaaree ho gaye
patwaaree sabka afsar hai
yeh bade saab kaa kehna hai
aardar bhee jaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye

arre o dagar chalne waale
arre o
arre o dagar chalne waale
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
meree matkee dhulkee jaaye
uthha le
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
mat ghoor ghoor ke dekho hamen
jis jis ne yoon dekha hamko
jurmaane bhaaree ho gaye
balma
balma patwaaree ho gaye
naukar sarkaaree ho gaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4845 Post No. : 16633

Today’s song is from the film Leela-1947. The film was made by Filmistan. The film was directed by Dattaram Pai. He was essentially a film editor and did editing in several films including Achhut Kanya,Jagriti,Nastik,Kismet,Samadhi,Sargam,Woh kaun thi,Chingari etc.He did editing in 24 films from 1936 to 1998-a span of 62 years.He died in 2000. He had earlier directed the film Eight Days-1946, which was actually directed by Ashok Kumar, but Pai’s name was advertised as a Director. In the case of the film Leela -47, he tried on his own but the result was not so good. He went back to his job of Editing quietly.

Lyricists were Qamar Jalalabadi and G.S.Nepali. The music was by C.Ramchandra. For C Ramchandra, finding Filmistan was a goal achievement, because those days he had left Jayant Desai’s company and was looking for another film company.His good old friend Kavi Pradeep, who was close to S.Mukherjee from their Bombay Talkies days, brought in a very lucrative offer from Filmistan and C Ramchandra joined it with pleasure.

Though C Ramchandra had begun his career in 1942 with Sukhi Jeevan, his first Hindi film as a MD, his music had not flourished till he joined Filmistan. The 5 films he had made with Jayant Desai were reasonably good but they were not Hits. It was only in Filmistan he achieved what one would call-Success. Out of the 11 films that he made here. His success rate was more than 50%. Especially, the music of films like Shehnai-1947, Saajan-1947, Khidki-1948, Nadiya ke paar-1948, Patanga-1949, Samadhi-1950 and Anarkali-1953 created songs which are remembered even today. To make songs whose popularity lasted for more than 70++ years, is surely an achievement.

It was also when he was with Filmistan that people were comparing him and Naushad and a discussion always circulated who was the Numero Uno as an MD. Though I am a C Ramchandra Fan, I am of the opinion that in the race of creating everlasting Hit songs, C Ramchandra was no match to Naushad. The strike rate of Naushad’s Hit films was much much more than that of C Ramchandra.

In the year 1946, C Ramchandra gave music to 4 films(1 for Filmistan), in 1947 it was 7 films (4 for Filmistan) and in 48 films were 8 (2 for Filmistan). So, in these 3 years, he did 19 films (7 for Filmistan). The rest consisted of stunt films of Master Bhagwan and other social films. Hit films were -5, all for Filmistan. If you see data for Naushad in the same period i.e. 1946,1947 and 1948, Naushad did only 8 films, but in these, 6 celebrated Silver Jubilee and 1 Golden Jubilee. Only Elan-1947 did not do well musically, though it was a hit film by Mehboob khan. The record of Naushad in success is unique. Out of the 64 films of Naushad (I am not counting Pakiza), there were 3 Diamond Jubilee films, 6 Golden Jubilee films and 23 Silver jubilee films ! I am sure no one can surpass the success of Naushad. His average number of songs per film comes to 10 songs, while for CR it is 8.4 only.

In the 40’s and 50’s decades many films were made on the background of play theatres and dance theatres. There were 2 possible reasons. One- prior to the advent of Silent and Talkie films, the main entertainment source for common people was Stage dramas. Despite the films, the stage dramas and dance troupes thrived. Hence it was used as a base for film stories. Secondly, this automatically provided plenty of scope for songs in the film. The last such film, in which a Drama company was the base of the film story I remember having seen was ” Hum sab chor hain ”-1956. After this film, at least I have not seen any such other film.

So, according to this norm, the film Leela-47 was about Drama companies and their artistes etc. The story was by Uma Devi-the singer, s/play by producer Gyan Mukherjee and Dialogues by Rajendra Shankar.

LEELA is a story of Naresh(Kanu Roy) and Leela(Shobha),their love,separation and union.

Naresh runs “Vidya Mandir” an institute where Mahabharat is made in several languages. Mrs Lal(Sunalini Devi) is the owner of “Kala bhavan”.She has a daughter Indira(Veera),whom she wants to marry Naresh.Once she arranges a show in aid of Vidya Mandir-Shakuntala.

Leela who is aspiring starlet approches Naresh who recommends her to the show and she is taken,but when Mrs.Lal knows that she came thru Naresh,Leela is not only removed from the show but also thrown out of the hostel.

Naresh, through his friend Shastriji(Agha) brings her to Vidya Mandir and gets her into another show.They fall in love and decide to marry.Naresh goes to his village and tells his mother(Leela Mishra) about Leela,but she wants only Indira.Feeling unwanted and rejected,Leela goes away.
Shatriji finds her and explains the love of Naresh for her and brings her back and the lovers are united forever.

The Heroine of this film, Shobha, unfortunately remains an actress about whom no information is available. On going through the HFGK, I find her name in at least 20++ films. Sometimes she is listed as Shobha Devi. Another bit of information about Shobha was that the actress Lata Sinha, who started as a child star (as Baby Lata) in Riyasat-55 and Nau Do Gyarah-1957 etc. was her daughter. Lata did a good role in Bees saal baad-1962. She mainly acted in action/stunt, costume and other B and C grade films only. She was also in the film Bhoot Bungla-1965.

The Hero of this film was Kanu Roy. The name KANU ROY is another instance of ” Same name confusion “. There was a composer also by the name Kanu Roy who gave music in a few films, in the same period. Most people and many internet sites, including IMDB,consider these two different persons as one and claim films for acting and music together,as if he was an actor and a composer. In Hindi films this happened routinely, but in the early era of Talkie films. Master Krishnarao, Vinayakrao Patwardhan, Master Mohammed, Badriprasad, Vithaldas Panchotiya etc can be quoted as actors/composers. Lately only the name of Kishore Kumar comes to mind in this category. Let us see who these two Kanu Roys were…..

Kanu Roy (the Actor) was in reality a name for Nalini Ranjan Roy, born at Jabalpur. He was very fond of acting and so landed at Bombay Talkies,a company started by 2 Benagalese- Himanshu Roy and Devika Rani. Those days many people from Bengal used to come to Bombay Talkies, but only the capable ones like Amiya Chakravarty, Shashadhar Mukherjee or Ashok Kumar etc could make their careers here. Kanu Roy started his acting career with the film Basant-1942. His name Nalini was sounding like a Girl’s name in Bombay ( there were already half a dozen Nalini’s working in films those days), so it was changed and he opted for Kanu, his pet name in the house. Thus Kanu Roy came into films. Due to his good looks, he even became a lead actor in a few films. Nazrana-46 (UR) was one such film where he was working opposite Kamini Kaushal. Kanu Roy worked in about 46 films from 42 to 83 ( kisi se naa kehna). Kanu Roy also left Bombay Talkies along with S.Mukherjee and others and joined Filmistan. He was in many Filmistan films like, Munim ji, Nastik, Naagin, Jagriti etc. He acted in a Bangla film ‘Samar’too in 1950. ( I have his full Filmography.)

Kanu Roy (the Composer) gave music to very few films like Uski Kahaani-66, Anubhav-71, Avishkar-74, Tumhara Kallu-76, Grih pravesh-79, Mayuri-81 and Shyamla-79 which was re-censored in 1981 as Woh phir na aayee. Some people and sites describe him as Geeta Dutt’s brother, but he was not her brother. Her brother was Mukul Roy. Kanu Roy, the composer died in Bombay on 20-12-1981.

Today’s song is a very good song, sung by Shamshad begum. Somehow I get reminded of another 1947 film song ” maari katari mar jaana” after listening to today’s song. That song is also composed by CR only- from film Shehnayi-47. There were 9 songs in the film. 8 songs were already discussed. Today’s song is the 9th and the last song of this film. The film gets YIPPEED !


Song- Piya kaisa mila hamein haay (Leela)(1947) Singer- Shamshad Begum, Lyricist- Qamar Jalalabadi, MD- C Ramchandra

Lyrics

Piya kaisa mila hamein haay
mila hamein haay
ke jisko pyaar na karna aaye
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay
mila hamein haay
ke jisko pyaar na karna aaye
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay

Main usey pyaar karna sikhaaun
Main usey pyaar karna sikhaaun
dil ki baaten nazar se sunaaun
dil ki baaten nazar se sunaaun
wo dulhan ki tarah sharmaaye
haan wo sharmaaye
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay

kar ke apni nazar neechi neechi
kar ke apni nazar neechi neechi
baat karne lage pheeki pheeki
baat karne lage pheeki pheeki
meethhi baaten tujhe kaun sikhaaye
tujhe kaun sikhaaye
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay

baat chhedo koi muskuraa ke
baat chhedo koi muskuraa ke
door baithhe ho kyun paas aa ke
door baithhe ho kyun paas aa ke
apna ban kar huye kyun pare
huye kyun pare
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay

kya mila humko aankhen milaa ke
kya mila humko aankhen milaa ke
main to keh doongi ghar ghar mein jaa ke
main to keh doongi ghar ghar mein jaa ke
koi aison se dil na lagaaye
haan dil na lagaaye
ke jisko pyaar na karna aaye
haaye re haaye
Piya kaisa mila hamein haay


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4774 Post No. : 16524

Today, August 13, 2021 is the 44th Remembrance Day of a playback singer who was associated with the historic moment in the Indian film industry when for the first time, a system of playback singing was introduced in the film ‘Dhoop Chhaaon’ (1935)/’Bhaagya Chakra’ (Bangla). Yes, the playback singer is Parul Ghosh, one of the first three female playback singers – other two being Suporva Sarkar and Harimati Dua.

I am not sure as to how many of the Hindi film music lovers of the present generation have heard of Parul Ghosh as a playback singer. Or how many are aware that she was the sister of Anil Biswas, the ‘Bhishma Pitamaha’ among the Hindi film music directors and the wife of Flute maestro, Pandit Pannalal Ghosh. The main reason for her name being not known to the present generation is that Parul Ghosh had a short stint as a playback singer and that too in the 1940s during which time, she sang very close to 100 songs.

Parul Ghosh (1915 – 13/08/1977) was born in Barisal (now in Bangla Desh). She was the second child among three in the family, the first being Anil Biswas and the last being Sunil Biswas. Her mother, Satyabhama Biswas was a classical singer and a kirtankar. In 1924, Parul Ghosh got married to Pannalal Ghosh, a close friend of Anil Biswas. At the time of the marriage, Parul Ghosh was 9 and Pannalal Ghosh was 13.

Sometime in 1930, Anil Biswas shifted his base to Kolkata. Pannalal Ghosh and Parul Ghosh also fallowed him. While Anil Biswas was employed in Hindustan Recording Company as a singer and composer, both Pannalal Ghosh and Parul Ghosh were employed in New Theatres (NT) as the musician and singer, respectively. It is said that while working with NT, Parul Ghosh sang some Bangla film songs. To devote more time on his first love, flute, Pannalal Ghosh shifted to Mumbai along with his family in 1940. At that time, Bombay Talkies was conducting audition for new playback singers. Parul Ghosh also went for audition and got selected.

In Mumbai, the playback singing career of Parul Ghosh started in the right earnest. At that time, the top-most female playback singers like Amirbai Karnataki, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Zeenat Begum etc came from the family of professional singers. On the other hand, Parul Ghosh was first a house-wife then a playback singer. It took some time for her to create a space for herself in the midst of the top playback singers of that time.

After singing a couple of songs in ‘Kanchan’ (1941) and ‘Mala’ (1941) which failed at the box office front, Parul Ghosh sang as many as 8 songs in Bombay Talkies’ ‘Basant’ (1942) under the music direction of her brother, Anil Biswas. {For the reason of the contractual obligation, Pannalal Ghosh was credited as the music director for the film). The film was a hit and its songs became very popular.

In ‘Basant’ (1942), Shanti Sudha Ghosh, the elder daughter of Parul Ghosh also sang two solo songs for Baby Mumtaz (Madhubala) thus making her probably the first female child play-back singer of Hindi films. Also, this may probably be for the first time that two mother-daughter version songs were sung in the film. Shanti Sudha Ghosh rendered two songs for Baby Mumtaz which were also rendered by her mother, Parul Ghosh for Mumtaz Shanti in the film. These two songs are hamko hai pyaari hamaari galiyaan and mere chhote se man mein chhoti si duniya re.

Following the success of ‘Basant; (1942), Parul Ghosh sang 5 songs for Devika Rani in ‘Hamaari Baat’ (1943) under the music direction of Anil Biswas and 5 songs for Protima Dasgupta in ‘Namaste’ (1943) under the music direction of Naushad. In musical blockbuster film, ‘Kismet’ (1943) in which songs of Amirbai Karnataki dominated, Parul Ghosh sang only one song, papeeha re mere piyaa se kahiyo jaaye which became very popular.

In ‘Sawaal’ (1944). Parul Ghosh sang 5 songs under the music direction of her husband, Pannalal Ghosh. In this film, I liked the ghazal, aaj pehlu mein dard sa kya hai, rendered by her. In ‘Jwaar Bhaata’ (1944), Parul Ghosh sang as many as 8 songs under the music direction of Anil Biswas. One of her best songs in this film was bhool jaana chaahti hoon. In ‘Milan’ (1946) she rendered a beautifully raaga-based song, suhaani beriyaan beeti jaayen. Parul Ghosh rendered 4 songs for ‘Tohfa’ (1947) under the music direction of M. A. Rauf Osmania. She has beautifully rendered an emotion-filled ghazal, hamne tumne kiyaa thha jo aabaad.

Sometime in 1947, due to domestic compulsion, Parul Ghosh reduced her playback singing assignments and chose the life of a house-wife looking after her two daughters and her husband. She sang for the last time as a playback singer in ‘Andolan’ (1951) under the music direction of her husband, Pandit Pannalal Ghosh. This was also the last film for Pannalal Ghosh as a music director. From 1955-60, the family stayed in Delhi after Pannalal Ghosh took up the job as a Composer and Director of All India Radio, Delhi Vadhya Vrinda (Orchestra).

I have been able to collate songs rendered by Parul Ghosh, from the various sources which works out to 95 songs in 33 films. As expected, she sang the maximum number of her songs (30) in 7 films under the music direction of her brother, Anil Biswas.

Parul Ghosh faced a series of tragedies after she withdrew from playback singing. In 1951, her second daughter, Noopur died of small pox when she was around 2 years. In 1960, her husband, Pandit Pannalal Ghosh suddenly died of heart attack at the age of 48. Shanti Sudha, her elder daughter who got married to Devendra Murdeshwar, one of the senior disciples of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh died of cancer in January 1975. All these tragic events had led to deterioration in the health of Parul Ghosh who became bedridden after her elder daughter’s death. During this period, she was looked after by her two nieces (her younger brother, Sunil Biswas’s daughters) and some of the disciples of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh to whom she was the ‘Guru Maa’. Parul Ghosh died on August 13, 1977 at Malad.

On the occasion of the 44th Remembrance Day of Parul Ghosh, I am presenting one of my favourite songs of her from the film ‘Seedha Rasta’ (1947). The song is ‘tum jhooth na jaano saajan mera pyaar’, written by Amar Verma and set to music by S K Pal. The song is picturised on Kamala Kotnis. The video clip of the song end abruptly while the audio clip which I have uploaded has the full song.

In a Radio interview some years back, Anil Biswas had said that his mother’s voice had the melody of a flute and the texture of a shehnai and Parul Ghosh inherited the same quality of voice from her mother. This song reaffirms what Anil Biswas had said about Parul Ghosh’s voice.

——————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Note: Some of the personal information about Parul Ghosh have been sourced from

(1) the interviews of V G Karnad and Anand Murdeshwar, disciple and grandson, respectivey of Pandit Pannalal Ghosh which are available on http://www.pannalalghosh.com and (2) an article ‘Sublime Genius – Pannalal Ghosh’ written by the late Mohan Nadkarni which is available on his website, https://mohannadkarni.org

Audio Clip:

Video Clip:

Song-Tum jhooth na jaano saajan mera pyaar (Seedha Raasta)(1947) Singe-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Amar Verma, MD-S K Pal

Lyrics (Based on Audio Clip)

tum jhooth na jaano saajan mera pyaar
tumhen kaise samjhaaun
tumhen kaise samjhaaun
tum jhooth na jaano saajan mera pyaar
tumhen kaise samjhaaun
tumhen kaise samjhaaun
beete din ki hai yaad

beete din ki hai yaad
jab kabhi aati
dil jalta hai
jyun jale diye ki baati
aankhon se bahti hai aansoo ki dhaa..aa.aar
jiya kaise bahlaaun
jiya kaise bahlaaun

kal tak jo thhe wo aaj rahe na hamaare
ek jhalak dikha kar toot gaye do taare
maine na jaana ulfat ke din chaa…aar
ro ro ke pachhtaaun
ro ro ke pachhtaaun

tumhre haathhon haay mit gayi anjaani
tumhre haathhon haay mit gayi anjaani
ab roti hai..ae ae
ab roti hai
meri barbaad kahaani
badnaam huye
chhoda hamne gharbaar
gharbaar
kise fariyaad sunaaun
kise fariyaad sunaaun
tum jhoothh na jaano saajan mera pyaar
tumhen kaise samjhaaun
tumhen kaise samjhaaun


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4769 Post No. : 16518

Today’s song is from an obscure film-Paaro-1947. It was made by Navyug Film co. One of the partners of this film company was Marathi’s famous writer, novelist and journalist Acharya Atre. By coincidence, the name of the Music Director of film Paaro-47 was Rasheed Atre. He, of course, was Muslim and Acharya Atre was a Hindu Bramhin.

The film was directed by one Shorey Daulatlavi, who was originally a Cinematographer with Minerva Movietone. His first film as a Director was Pathron ke saudagar-44, made by Minerva Movietone. Sohrab Modi was not known for recognising talents of his staff and encouraging them or rewarding them. He must have secured the services of Daulatlavi as a director for a negligible fee. Fed up with his attitude, Dalatlavi left Minerva and joined Navyug. Here he directed 3 more films namely, Din Raat-45, Paaro-47 and Sajan ka ghar-48. After this film, his name became traceless. Possibly he took up cinematography again.

Music Director Rasheed Atre was one of the 10 MDs I wrote about in my series ” Gems from the Migrators” in November 2014, about 7 years ago, on this Blog. This was about MDs, who started their careers in India and migrated to Pakistan after Partition. Many Muslim artistes had migrated to Pakistan. Let us take a look at the scenario of those times.

In undivided India, Lahore (then in the Punjab) was important as a showbiz centre. It had an established film-making centre. The first Talkie film ever to be made in a Lahore studio was Heer Ranjha-1932 and thereafter many Urdu and Punjabi films were produced from Lahore every year. The partition of India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, caused irreparable damage to film production in Lahore. Most of Lahore’s film producers were Hindus and as the city fell on the side of the Islamic state of Pakistan, they migrated to India. This deprived Lollywood, as Lahore is referred to in film circles, of much needed investment and expertise in film production and distribution.

LAHORE, an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major Film making Centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there.

The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from there. The list of such people is very long, but it will suffice to mention some well known names-
Noorjehan, Pran, Saigal, Prithwiraj Kapoor and his sons, Shyam, Dilip Kumar, Surinder, Karan Dewan, Dev Anand, Balraj Sahni, Singer Khursheed, Mumtaz Shanti, Veena, Begum Para, Meena Shorey, Suraiya, Manorama, Kamini Kaushal, Shyama(Khursheed Akhtar), A R Kardar, M Sadiq, Suresh(Nazim Ahmed), Amar, Chetan Anand, Zande Khan, Ghulam Hyder, Pt.Amarnath and his brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram, Hansraj Behl, S.Mohinder, Firoz Nizami, Khursheed Anwar, Khayyam, Vinod, Shyamsunder, Kidar Sharma, Krishna Chander, O P Dutta, Saadat Hasan Manto, Qamar Jalalabadi, D N Madhok, Tanvir Naqvi, Prem Dhawan etc etc. Many of the actors and producers used to shuttle between Lahore and Bombay for their work.

And when the PARTITION took place in 1947, in the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Some Hindus shifted to Bombay and Some Muslims left for Lahore.

At the actual time of Partition some artists were in Lahore for film work. They were B R Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, I S Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, O P Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur Manorama and Pushpa Huns. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay Safely.

Same way many artists from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely. some of the Directors who migrated to Pakistan were-

Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, S M Yousuf, Najam Naqvi, Munshi Dil, Nakshab Jarachavi, M Sadiq, Zia Sarhadi, Sibtain Fazli(of Fazli Brothers), S T Zaidi , Zahoor Raja, Wali saheb, A R Kardar,Nazir,W Z Ahmed,Masood Pervez, Shareef Nayyar,Luqmaan,Dawood Chaand,Rakhan,Nusrat Mansoori,M H Qasim,Roop K Shorey,Butt Kasher,Barkat Mehra and Manto.

Some of the Actors/actresses were- Nazeer, Sadiq Ali, Masood, Sudhir, Santosh, Ratan Kumar, Najmul Hussain, Suresh and Nasir khan(both came back to India later), Sh.Mukhtar, M.Ismail, Ajmal, Gulam Mohd, Kumar, Ghori, Majeed, Shahnawaz, Himalayawala, Shyam Kumar, Allauddin, Shah Shikarpuri, Charlie, Nazar Faizi Noorjehan, Meena Shorey, Khursheed, Zeenat Begum, Asha Posley, Najma, Kalawati, Rehana, Swarnalata, Ragini, Bibbo, Renuka Devi, Geeta Nizami, Maya Devi etc.
Some from the music field were- Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain, Rafiq gaznavi, G A Chisti, Ghulam Hyder, Firoz Nizami, Nissar Bazmi, Nashaad, Tufail Faruqi, Tanvir Naqvi, Faiyaz Hasmi, Iqbal Bano, Premlata,Khursheed,Zeenat Begum,Shevan Rizvi,Rasheed Atre,Fateh Ali khan,Babul etc.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and given the condition of the Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

(Notes- 1.All lists are only indicative and not exhaustive

2.Migrants means between 1947 to 1970 period.)

After partition,this turmoil subsided after a short period in India and it was business was as usual here, while in Lahore, Pakistan had to build up from scratch, but the Film Industry there too stabilised in a few years’ time. The base of Film industry in Pakistan was built by people who migrated from India. Migration from India to Pakistan continued till about 1970 for the pre-partition artistes. In fact till about 1965 there was an exchange of artistes from both sides to work in other countries, but after the 65 war, this working stopped completely.

Music Directors who left India after Partition had done a very good job here. Composers like Nissar Bazmi, Rasheed Atre and Feroz Nizami became exceptionally successful in Pakistan, but Nashad, Rafiq Ghaznavi and others were not successful to that extent. Khursheed Anwar, a very highly respected composer here remained a father figure even in Pakistan.

I always wondered, how some composers, who were found mediocre here, without much spark, giving music only to B and C grade films, became extremely popular and successful in Pakistan, winning accolades ? examples are is Nisar Bazmi, Rasheed Atre etc.. To understand this strange phenomena, one must consider the state of affairs in Pakistan Film Industry for 5-6 years post Partition. Here is a part of an article on this issue that I found on a Pakistani site, filmbirth.com

” Pakistan has been a part of India up until 1947. Up to that point Lahore was one of the thriving cinema producing centers in India. The first film made in a Lahore studio was “Delhi Express” (1935) and Urdu and Punjabi films were to follow. The partition of India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, caused the demise of the Lahore film industry. Most Hindu filmmakers in Pakistan fled the region when the Islamic Pakistani government became independent. Without the Indian funding and production facilities, the migration of many renowned filmmakers and stars and a lack of proper distribution channels, Lahore (Lollywood) soon became less than a footnote in the regional cinematic landscape.

Fortunately, the outflow from Lahore was accompanied by an inflow into the city. Affected by the same political change, a number of talented Muslims who have established themselves in Bombay’s (now Mumbai) film circles, moved back to Lahore. Prominent among them were film producer Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, his wife actress and singer Noor Jehan, actress Swarn Lata, actor Nazeer, director W. Z. Ahmad, director Luqman, director Sabtain Fazli, music director Feroze Nizami and music director Khwaja Khursheed Anwar. These creative artists laid the foundation of the Pakistani film industry. They were also responsible for producing some of the best films ever made in Lollywood.

The creative energy of Lahore’s film people began to express itself as soon as the partition frenzy subsided. Lollywood became alive again and Teri Yaad was the first film released after partition. Featuring Nasir Khan, brother of film icon Dileep Kumar and Asha Posle, it was released at Lahore Parbhat Cinema on Sept 2, 1948. Its producer was a Hindu named Diwan Sardari Lal, Daud Chand was the director while Nath was the music director. The following year, Anis Productions released a Punjabi film Pheray. Featuring Nazeer (who was also its director) and Swarn Lata, the film proved to be a success and became the first Pakistani film to complete a 25-week run at cinema houses. Another important film was Naubahar Films’ Do Ansoo which was released in 1950. Produced by Sheikh Latif and directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha, it won popularity and became first Urdu film to complete its silver jubilee. “

Due to a shortage of composers, all were welcomed with open arms. Those who had talents did extremely well here. Unfortunately the second generation of composers of calibre were not prepared and once these migrants disappeared from the scene,the musical fields of Pakistan dried up. According to an article on Wiki, there are 7 ages in Pakistan Film music –

S No Phase Period
1 Independence and growth 1947-1958
2 The Golden Age of Pak Film Music 1959-77
3 The age of Disaster (Onslought of VCR and brain Drain to Bangladesh) 1977-88
4 Politics,Islamisation and downfall 1979-87
5 Collapse 1988-2002
6 Decline 2002-2009
7 New wave and Hopes 2010 onwards

Anyway, Nisar Bazmi and Rasheed Atre prospered during the Golden Age period and got all the benefits.

Composer RASHEED ABDUL ATRE was born in Amritsar on 15-2- 1919. His father Khushi Mohammed was a well known musician and singer. Rasheed learnt music from Ustad Khan saheb Ashfaq Hussain. Then he went to Calcutta and worked under R.C.Boral. During his stay in Calcutta he is presumed to have composed songs for films “Pardanasheen”-1942 and “Mamta”-1942, under the name R.A.Atra. After coming back to Bombay he joined Jhande Khan and Gobindram in composing songs for “Pagli”-43. He was assistant to composer Amir ali in “Panna”-44. With Pt.Amarnath,he composed songs for “Shirin Farhad”-45. Then came Room No.9-46,Nateeja-47,Paro-47 and Shikayat-48. From 43 to 48 he gave music to 6(confirmed) films. Not much, but then he did not get much time either.

Nateeja was a Muslim social made by Bombay Talkies and he was specially called for it. Nateeja music was his best in India and all its songs became very popular. for Room No 9-46,he worked in Navyug Chitrapat co. where one of the owners was P K Atre, a noted Marathi writer and Dramatist. P K Atre was ,of course, a Hindu,but it was a coincidence.

After Partition Atre went to Pakistan. He first served Radio Pakistan, Rawalpindi and then at Lahore. He prospered in Pakistan and gave music in 54 Urdu and Punjabi films. He was awarded the coveted Nigar Award 3 times in a row. The famous Marching song of Pakistan ” Allah o Akbar ” was composed by Rasheed Atre. The first Pakistani film for which Rasheed Attre lent his music was director Masood Pervez’s Beli (1950).

Three years after Beli, Rasheed was in-charge of music for director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s Punjabi film, Shehri Babu (1953), whose evergreen songs still are popular in Pakistan . Attre’s music for director W.Z. Ahmed’s 1954 family-friendly film Roohi (1954) was a huge success.

Rasheed Attre’s music is all very praise-worthy in director Nazir Ahmed Khan’s film Khatoon, which was popular for its thumri. Attre’s composition exhibits an astonishing range and power in director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s superhit film Sarfarosh (1956). In 1956, Rasheed was also given the responsibility of composing songs for director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s golden jubilee punjabi film Chann Mahi (1956) (lyrics: Tufail Hoshiarpuri, starring: Bahar, Aslam Pervaiz). Attre was, indeed, a powerhouse of a musician and a case in point is director W.Z. Ahmed’s all-time favorite film, Waada (1957), which happened to be a movie from a more idealistic time. At the height of his fame, Attre came up with his magical composition for film director Anwar Kamal Pasha’s semi- historical movie, Anarkali (1958). To be precise, it was a joint venture of 2 film music composers Rasheed Attre and Master Inayat Hussain.

Rasheed Attre passed away on December 18, 1967, at the age of 48.

Today’s song is sung by Sulochana Kadam and M.Aslam. There is also a solo by M.Aslam of the same song in the film.


Song- Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana (Paaro)(1947)Singers- Sulochana Kadam, M Aslam, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Rasheed Atre
Both

Lyrics

Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana
har tarah gareebon ko sataata hai zamaana
har tarah gareebon ko sataata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana

kya hamne zamaane mein bigaaa hai kisi ka
kya hamne zamaane mein bigaaa hai kisi ka
kyun hamko nigaahon se giraata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana

tadbeer kisi kee ee ee ee ee
tadbeer kisi ke ke
muhabbat mein hansenge
tadbeer to ki thhi ki
muhabbat mein hansenge
taqdeer to roti hai
rulaata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana

muflis ki tamanna kabhi
poori nahin hoti
poori nahin hoti
muflis ki tamanna kabhi
poori nahin hoti
poori nahin hoti
?? har naaz uthhaata hai zamaaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana

jiska nahin ee eeduniya mein koi
ee ee ee ee ee ee ee ee
uska khuda hai
uska khuda hai

jiska nahin duniya mein koi
uska khuda hai
jiska nahin duniya mein koi
uska khuda hai
ye baat magar bhoolta jaata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana
har tarah gareebon ko sataata hai zamaana
Zakhmi ko naya zakhm lagaata hai zamaana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4767 Post No. : 16516 Movie Count :

4492

Today’s song is from film Pehla Pyar-1947. Pehla pyar means First Love. Pehla is Pehla. I could never understand why it has to be called Pehla Pehla Pyar (1958 & 1994). Does it not make it Doosra Pyar ?

Everything First time in life is memorable. This is reflected in the film titles of Hindi cinema too. Pehla Pyar, Pehli Nazar, Pehli Jhalak, Pehli Pehchan, Pehli Shaadi, Pehli Mulaqat and even Pehli Raat. Pehli Tareekh, Pehla Aadmi, Pehla Aashiq, Pehla Qadam, Pehla Aadhyaya and Pehla Paisa is acceptable, but Pehla Nashaa and Pehla Qatil ? Then there was Pehli Bhool, Pehli Shaadi, Pehli Aurat and even Pehla Aadmi !

Funniest thing is there were also Doosra Aadmi, Doosri Aurat, Doosri Shaadi, Doosra Pati, Doosri Bibi etc.etc. I did not check if there was Teesra….something something ! Hamraz ji’s book of Film Index can be a good Time Pass, really ! But I know there was a film Teesra Kaun ?

Coming back to today’s film Pehla Pyar-47, HFGK mentions it as a film made under the banner of ” Sagar Movietone co. Bombay “. Actually, Sagar was closed in 1940, then came National Studio and finally it was Amar Pictures from 1942 onwards. This also closed in 1946 with their last film ” Gwalan”-46 (of Baburao Patel and Susheela Rani). Then, from where did this filmcame and how it claims to be from an extinct ‘ Sagar movietone Co.’ ?

I rummaged through the entire book “Sagar Movietone” written by Biren Kothari ji, but nowhere could I find any reference or information on this film. Finally, I spoke directly to Biren kothariji today to ask about this film. Here too the door was closed. According to Biren ji, it is difficult to say anything about this film. He was , however, sure to say that it had no connection whatsoever with the original ‘Sagar Movietone’.

At the moment it is an unsolved mystery. Maybe in future, some explanation or information on this film will appear to clarify this issue. This is not impossible. In last few years, several such ‘ riddles ‘ have been successfully solved with new evidence, when it cropped up. Some of the riddles which were solved with such new evidence were-
1. Who sang” Bharat ki ek sannari ki katha” from film ‘Ram Rajya’-1943
2. Who sang ‘ Dilli se aaya bhai Tingu’ from film ‘Ek thi Ladki’-1949
3. If Shashi Kapoor acted as a child artiste in 20 films and
4. Is Arjun-Hero fof film ‘Malhar ‘-50 the same as MD C.Arjun

The list is too big to be given here fully, but the point is proved with these examples.

Film Pehla Pyar-47 was directed by A.P. aka Anand prasad Kapoor. he was a well known director of early cinema. He had directed 14 silent before trying his hand at a Talkie film. He was born in 1892 at benares. After matriculation, he came to Bombay and joined film industry doing all odd jobs. His first silent film as a director was Fairy of the Flute-1927 made by Sharda Film Co. His first talkie film as a director was Radhesham-1932, jointly directed by R.L.Shorey. This was a film made in Lahore.

He directed 18 talkie films. He acted also in 2 films. He wrote 32 songs in 3 films as a Lyricist. He also sang 6 songs in 5 films. His last film as a director was Chor-1950. At this stage he realised that his old style was no more acceptable with the new set up. So he retired. A.P.Kapoor died on 16-9-1966 at Bombay.

The cast of the film was Vanmala, Aghajan, Sulochana Chaterjee, K.N.Singh, Sunalini Devi etc etc. Agha or Aghajaan (21-3-1914 to 30-4-1992) was a popular hero in his early career period In film Jwar Bhata-1944, he was the Hero and the Debutante Dilip Kumar was the side Hero ! His career spanned over 50 years-1935 to 1989. He worked in 328 films Pehla pyar was his last film as a hero.

The music was composed by Premnath. This is a case of Same name Confusion. many people think that the actor Premnath had also given music as a MD. Both were different.

PREMNATH the Music Director was born on 5-7-1918 in Gujranwala, Punjab. He learnt music from experts in Amritsar,Multan and Lahore.He acted in films like Shahr-e-khamoshi and also sang in Sohni Mahiwal-1938.

After marriage, he moved to Bombay. His first film as a Music Director was Rangbhoomi-1946. In this film, a novice Mohd. Rafi sang many songs for him. His other films were Dharti-47, Chandrahas-47, Sagar’s Pehla pyar-47. He then produced a film “Chand sitare”-48 under the banner of Ravindra Art productions. Mukesh, Lata and Geeta Roy sang in it. In film ‘Alakh Niranjan’-50,he used Mohd. Faruqi, Sulochana Kadam and Rajkumari.

Premnath gave music to many films of Super pictures of Aspy Irani like Bade Bhaiya-51 and Maya Machhindra-51, in which Surendra, Geeta,Rafi and Shamshad sang. His another film ‘Qatil kaun’ in late 50s was not released. For this film, Rafi, Asha, Manna Dey, Mubarak Begum and Shamshad had given songs.

His films diminished. Sati Vaishalini-59,Main hoon jaadugar-65 and Tarzan in Fairyland-68 were his last films.
After he stopped work as MD,he devoted his time for the welfare of Cine Artists as a trade union leader. As a Secretary,he served the music Directors Assn. for 30 years.
He died on 27-4-1993 at the age of 75 years.

I find that many people mistakenly credit actor Premnath as a MD for his films. Some sites include these films to the filmography of actor Premnath.

It is now clear that actor Premnath and MD Premnath were 2 different persons.

Today’s song is sung by Shamshad Begum. With this song, film Pehla Pyar-47 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Haay re ghir ke baadal aaye jiya ghabraaye (Pehla Pyaar)(1947) Singer- Shamshad begum, Lyricist- I.C.Kapoor, MD- Premnath

Lyrics

haay re ghir ke baadal aaye ae
jiya ghabraaye
haay re ghir ke baadal aaye
jiya ghabraaye

naina maane na kehnaa aa
kaaboo mein nahin hai mera haay dil
naina maane na kehnaa aa
kaaboo mein nahin hai mera haay dil
jhoom ke lehraaye jiya
doley re boley re
aa mil
aa mil
jhoom ke lehraaye jiya
doley re boley re
aa mil
aa mil
birha mein yaad jalaaye
jiya ghabraaye
haay re ghir ke baadal aaye
jiya ghabraaye

ghanghor ghataayen chhaayin
laut aayin phir jawaaniyaan
ghanghor ghataayen chhaayin
laut aayin phir jawaaniyaan
aao jee sunaayen tumhen
meethi meethi dil ki kahaaniyaan
kahaaniyaan
aao jee sunaayen tumhen
meethi meethi dil ki kahaaniyaan
kahaaniyaan
haay teri yaad sataaye
jiya ghabraaye
haay re ghir ke baadal aaye
jiya ghabraaye

sapnon mein aane waale
dekh dekh haari teri raahen
sapnon mein aane waale
dekh dekh haari teri raahen
aao galey aan milo
poochh rahin dil mera aane
haay aane
aao galey aan milo
poochh rahin dil mera aane
haay aane
tere bin jiya nahin jaaye
jiya ghabraaye
haay re ghir ke baadal aaye
jiya ghabraaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4749 Post No. : 16482 Movie Count :

4477

HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO ASAD BLOG !

HEARTIEST CONGRATULATIONS TO ATUL JI FOR COMPLETING 13 YEARS OF HIS BLOG !!

CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL TEAM MEMBERS ON THIS OCCASION !!!

Today the Blog completes 13 years. Now that it is in its Teens, a lot of activity is expected. We are all with Atul ji in maintaining the lead position of this Blog in the Cyber world of HFM lovers.

I first came to know about this Blog somewhere in 2011. I do not remember the date or month. I had newly learnt how to operate the computer and I had the enthusiasm of a Novice to surf and find various sites and Blogs. I had completely retired from my work and was thinking of reverting to and rediscovering my old hobby of old films and music thereof. I had unpacked my old diaries and notebooks, wherein I had made notes about every film that I had seen from my childhood. I was thrilled when I saw this Blog while surfing.

I kept on visiting it often to read all the posts and enjoy familiar old songs. I found that the Blog is dedicated to film songs from the beginning to modern times. I was also impressed with the comments by its readers from almost every corner of the world. In those days, a lot of readers used to express their views by commenting. This gave additional information, a focus on improvement and understanding the choices of the visitors.

I also started making comments, armed with the information from my diaries and notebooks. These information pieces were authentic and unique because these were not to be found anywhere on the internet. I specialised in providing stories of films made in the period from the 30’s to the 60’s. On a rough estimate I posted around 600 film stories and almost the same number of information comments on films, music, starts etc etc. The other members of the Blog now started recognising me. On the prodding and encouragement of Atul ji, my first post came up on the Blog on 1-10-2012 and after that there was no looking back.

What is the speciality of this Blog ? I would unhesitatingly say – CREDIBILITY. This Blog is famous all over the Cyber world of old HFM lovers, as a place where correct Lyrics and information that is trustworthy and reliable, is available. I am very active on Social media and I feel very happy when excerpts from this Blog are produced as a proof of something in a dispute. I see people quoting from the Blog. This proves that the Blog has earned the honour of being a Reference Point for many people. This is the result of Atul ji’s strong conviction that information here must be beyond doubts, reliable and trustworthy.

Today, the Blog can boast of (till 17th July 2021)

No. of Song Posts 16474
No. of films represented 4470
No. of films with all songs covered 1271
No. of visitors till date 1,45,91,249

If you break up the number of visitors so far, everyday about 3118 people visited the Blog, i.e. 130 persons every hour. With this kind of statistics, no doubt, this Blog must be the No. 1 Blog, catering to the HFM lovers all over the world. (WordPress claims that it is read in 198 countries worldwide).

I feel honoured and proud to be a member of this team. Once again, I congratulate Atul ji and wish the Blog many more Anniversaries in future.

Today’s song is from an obscure film “Manager”-1947. The film was made by Tiwari productions and was directed by I.P.Tiwari. Obviously he seems to be the owner of the banner. His name is found only for this one film. Possibly he was one of those “novo rich” financers who cropped up due to the war period activities, who tried their hand at making and directing films. This social film had 7 songs written by lyricist Kumar Sharma and music was by a Debutant Music Director Ramkrishna Shinde.

Have you ever heard the name of a composer called HEMANT KEDAR ? No, it is not a pair like S-J,K-A or L-P. It is a misleading one name( like another such single name Shyamji Ghanshyamji, for example). OK, did you ever know about R.K.Shinde or Ram Shinde ? I am sure most of the readers may not have heard these names. These are the names of Ramkrishna Shinde. This reminds me of composer Snehal Bhatkar who used 5 different names as composer.

Ramkrishna Shinde was a multi talented composer, who could not shine, though he had talents. Further he started his career at a time when India’s big composers like C.Ramchandra,Naushad, Husnlal-Bhagatram, Shankar-Jaikishan etc were in their best performing period and had hogged almost all the major production houses as their Patrons. In this flood of Musical Tsunami, smaller composers remained smaller due to non availability of exposure and good banners, waning into oblivion ! Those who had talents plus good luck survived, but composers with talents without Luck were soon forgotten.

Ramkrishna Shinde was born on 19-4-1918 in Malvan area of Maharashtra Coastal Belt. He was the eldest amongst 2 brothers and 2 sisters When he was 9 yr. old, his father died and the family was shifted to Bombay, by aunt and uncle. His interest in music was unusual. He took training in vocals from Pt.Sitaram and learnt Sitar from Pt. Madhav rao. For survival, he took up a job in Dawn Mills. In 1944, he got married. Same time, he met Dancer Parvati Kumar and Tabla player Ramakant. He soon left the job and started giving music to Marathi stage plays. He was a very popular composer.

His first Hindi film as a composer was Manager-47, followed by Kiski Jeet-48 and then Bihari-48, with Naresh Bhattacharya. Not getting films anymore,he turned to giving music to Dance Ballets. He became so famous that 27 of his ballets went abroad with his music. He was called by Amiya Chakrawarty for giving Dance Music in Usha kiran’s film Gauna-50.

He returned to Hindi films again. This time as Hemant Kedar. Reason for this name- his favourite Ragas were Hemant and Kedar. He gave music to
Khaufnak Jungle-55, Police Station-59 and Captain India-60.

Hemant Kedar ( Like Daan singh and Jaidev) must be one whose unreleased films numbered many or more than his released films. Some of his Unreleased films were
1. Hamari kahani
2. Avinash
3. Sati mahananda
4. Jannat ki Hoor
5. Peeli kothi
6. Paataal Devta ( This was the film in which actress Mumtaz had Debuted, but not released)

Hemant Kedar gave music to 2 Marathi films. Side by side, he did 5-6 programmes on All India Radio. After the advent of Television, he started giving music to TV Ballets and was in great demand for it. He did about 15 Ballets on TV. He became ill and expired on 14-9-1985, leaving behind his wife and two daughters. Luckily, his wife had a good job. (Thanks to http://www.beetehuedin.blogspot.com and book ” मराठी चित्रपट संगीतकार कोष ” by Madhu Potdar, HFGK, muVyz and my notes for this information.)

I am not aware of the story of this film. However, on scanning the Film India issue, I found a remark about this film. According to that, it was a film about mill workers and their relations with its Manager. The cast of the film consisted of Purnima, Jai prakash, Sarla, Aziz, Tiwari, Ameenabai etc.etc. The Heroine Purnima made her Debut with this film. I do not know anything about actor Jai Prakash.

Today’s song is a duet by Amirbai Karnataki and A R Oza. It is a good song. With this song, film Manager-1947 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Rut rangeeli aayi sajaniya rut rangeeli aayi (Manager)(1947) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, A R Oza, Lyrics-Kumar Sharma, MD-Ramkrishna Shinde
Both

Lyrics

Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

dil ki kaliyaan dol rahi hain
dil ki kaliyaan dol rahi hain
aasha man mein bol(?) rahi hai
aasha man mein bol(?) rahi hai
?? angdaai
?? angdaai
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

mera bichhda meet mila hai ae ae
mera bichhda meet mila hai ae ae
jeevan ka sangeet mila hai
jeevan ka sangeet mila hai
teri hi thhi aag lagaai
teri hi thhi aag lagaai

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

yaad dilaa do ??
jawaani ki koi
kahaani suna do
itni hai
itni hai bedard jawaani
laut ke phir nahin aayi
laut ke phir nahin aayi

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

tum hi ho meri kaaya maaya
tum hi ho meri kaaya maaya

tumhi ne hai sansaar basaaya
tumhi ne hai sansaar basaaya
?? tumhri kamaai
?? tumhri kamaai
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

ghar mein joru ?? na jaata
?? fakat hai Ishwar se naata
ghar mein joru ?? na jaata
?? fakat hai Ishwar se naata
nahin mili hai koi lugaai
nahin mili hai koi lugaai

Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee

masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
masti chaaron oar hai chhaayee
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee
Rut rangeeli aayee sajaniya
Rut rangeeli aayee ee ee


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 17000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17014

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1325
Total Number of movies covered=4609

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Active for more than 5000 days.

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