Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘NFS’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5056 Post No. : 16970

Today’s song is a special song. It is special because it is sung by an almost unimaginable actor who was a famous villain and we could never imagine that he would have sung a solo song and a record was brought out for that song ! But then life is like that only. It has routinely presented surprises, shocks, puzzles and inconceivable situations. That’s why LIFE is interesting ! Speaking about show business, it is all the more pertinent. There are umpteen number of cases where men became actors when it was not planned and from actors they went into something totally different, unconnected activity. Let us see some examples.

Is it not a game of Fortune, when an ordinary Laboratory Technician becomes a famous and popular actor overnight and is known as Ashok Kumar ? How does one explain the conversion of a choreographer, trained by Uday Shankar, for the film Lakharani-1945 into famous director Guru Dutt ? Hari Shivdasani started as a film director with Yasmin-1935, but became an actor in 110 films. Motilal-a Navy aspirant and a casual onlooker of a shooting is invited to directly become a Hero and for next 31 years became a popular actor. Likewise Ramnarayan Venkatraman Sastry who was an M.Sc.,Ph.D. in Physics, knew 12 Indian and 4 Foreign languages, who edited a Dance and Drama Magazine, who earned a Fellowship of New York University, A grade Flier, Swimmer, Painter, a trained magician, Shooter, A.I.R. Singer and who was invited by European and American Universities for giving lectures, one fine morning was invited and became a Tamil Film Hero in 1941. He was named Ranjan and acted in 58 Hindi films, wrote film stories like Munimji-1955 and did Choreography.

The Film Industry is replete with other side examples too – like how successful actors left films and did something totally different… like Shashi Kapoor Sr. who left a blooming film career as a Child artiste of 21 films, did M.Sc.Ph.D and became a Mathematics professor in an American University. The case of Ashraf Khan is too weird to be believed. He was an actor-singer in 31 films and 59 songs, left films and became a Sufi Saint ! Mukund Rai Trivedi- one of the Frank- Rai pair of Music Directors left films, joined family beusiness of Mining, became a Billionaire and a Lok Sabha M.P. Madholal Master left films after 34 films as an MD and purued his hobby of making Puppets. He became internationally famous and was honoured by the international Puppetary Association. His ” JOKER ” puppet was used by Raj kapoor in film Mera Naam Joker. Saigal was a Typewriter salesman before becoming a singer-actor.

In these examples add one more name B. M. VYAS. The famous villain of 174 films was a stage drama actor, a singer and a Music Teacher to Mahendra Kapoor and his brother, to start with. He was a trained musician and singer. Today’s song is sung by him for the Drama ” Deewar”- staged by Prithvi Theatres in 1945. Let us take a look at his journey from a singer to a villain….

Actor Brij Mohan aka B.M.Vyas was one artiste who started as a singer, became a drama actor and then ended up as a villain, character actor. B.M.Vyas was born as Brijmohan Vyas on Vijayadashami (22 October) day of 1920 in Churu, Rajasthan. He is the younger brother of the well-known poet and lyricist, Bharat Vyas. He was married at the age of 17 when his wife, Jamna was just 11. They had 71 years of marital bliss before Jamna passed away in 2008. They had six daughters and a son. After acting in over 200 films in various languages, Vyas quit acting in the early 1990s. Then he moved to his residence in Kalyan. Having seen various shades of life, Vyas lived a contented life with his children and grandchildren.

On 15 January, 1944, actor Prithviraj Kapoor realised his dream when Prithvi Theatre, his own drama company came into being. Mahakavi Kalidas’ classic Shakuntala was chosen to be their first performance. The play’s cast included Uzra Mumtaz (younger sister of Zohra Segal) to play Shakuntala, Prithviraj Kapoor to play Dhushyant, K N Singh was cast as Rishi Kanva, Shakuntala’s foster father, Sati Devi (Bijoya Ray’s sister, Ruma Guha Thakurta’s mother) as Gautami, caretaker of Kanva Ashram who raises Shakuntala, and Hemavati (Daya Kishan Sapru’s wife) to play Shakuntala’s friend Priyamvada, among others. A young, 24 years old, B M Vyas was recruited as a singer by the drama company to sing songs in their play at a monthly salary of 75 Rupees.

Once when rehearsals for their maiden show were in progress and Vyas was done with his singing rehearsals, he was watching rehearsals of the cast. One of his songs for the play was “Bitiya Rani Kahan Kahan Tapasvi Log, Milna Julna Rehgaya Nadi Naav Sanjog”. The cast was rehearsing for a scene which needed Rishi Kanva to recite a mantra in Sanskrit, but actor K N Singh was having trouble reciting it. Prithviraj was trying to help him but was also faltering in saying it perfectly. Vyas , an expert in Hindi and Sanskrit, having immense knowledge of Ved Mantra was witnessing the proceedings for two days. It was possibly the blessing of Goddess Saraswati that inspired him to say the mantra aloud. On hearing him intone the mantra with such Brahminical precision, Prithviraj was very impressed and asked him to help K N Singh in saying the mantra correctly. But soon K N Singh informed Prithviraj ji that he will not be able to speak Devbhasha (Sanskrit) and that he should look for another artiste for the role. Prithviraj asked Prithvi Theatre’s manager Ramesh Saigal to approach Vyas for the role. Vyas , who had already acted in a Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana earlier, readily agreed and stepped into the role and thus started his journey as an actor.

While the rehearsals were still on, Vyas suffered a personal tragedy and had to go back home in Bikaner, Rajasthan. There he fell sick with typhoid. Here rehearsals were in full swing as the play was to premiere on 9 March, 1945 at the Royal Opera House. The final date was about a month away so Prithviraj asked him to come back as soon as possible. Vyas returned with his wife though he was still unwell. On the day he resumed his rehearsals he couldn’t do much due to frequent blackouts. The medication he was on did not seem to help him much. He remembers the doctor from Kalbadevi who treated him for free; with his medication, Vyas ji’s health improved considerably in just three days.

The final round of rehearsals was done and finally the day of Prithvi Theatre’s first play to be staged, arrived. For the first performance of Shakuntala, many known names of the film industry were present at Royal Opera House. In the scene where Rishi Kanva makes an entry on stage he was required to raise his hands for blessing but Vyas was still weak and his hands started shaking. He tried a lot to control them but to no avail. He then remembered that he had seen many old people whose hands and heads would involuntarily shake, so he started to shake his head too. The end result was so effective that during the play’s interval Prithviraj came and hugged him. He asked him how he developed that body language, Vyas told him about his genuine problem. Prithiviraj told him that he did a wonderful job and should continue with the same every time the play was staged.

Vyas had a long association with Prithvi Theatre, from 1944 to 1955. During this period he toured with the group to various cities and got an opportunity to showcase his singing and acting skills in various plays like – Deewar, Pathan, Aahuthi, Gaddar, Kalaakar, etc.

After Vyas joined Prithvi Theatre as a singer, he had to do regular riyaz at home. A music teacher who often heard him sing once asked if he would be willing to give music tuitions. Since his monthly salary was 75 Rupees then, Vyas agreed as this would give him additional income. The teacher took him to meet Jaichand Kapoor and soon Vyas started giving music tuitions to his elder son, Brijmohan. However his younger brother seemed more inclined and started learning music from Vyas . This youngster was none other than our legendary playback singer, Mahendra Kapoor who always acknowledged that B M Vyas was his first Guru.

Vyas had been interested in music since childhood. He is a self-taught singer. In the early 1940s Bharat Vyas called his younger brother to Mumbai. Soon Vyas ji got the opportunity to act and sing as many as twenty songs for the Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana written by Bharat . Music Director Naushad Sahab’s assistant Ghulam Muhammad who hailed from Rajasthan was very impressed when he heard Vyas’s voice in the play. He took him to meet Naushad Sahab who was working on the soundtrack of the film Pehle Aap (1944). Vyas got an opportunity to sing a group song “Hindustan Ke Hum Hain, Hindustan Hamara; Hindu Muslim Dono Ki Aakhon Ka Tara” with established singers G. M. Durrani and Shyam Kumar along with a new singer Mohammed Rafi. Since this song was supposed to be sung by soldiers on screen, Vyas and Rafi Sahab had to wear heavy boots and do a rhythmic march while singing to give an effect of an army troop. Such effects could not be added to a song with the technology available then; it all had to be done in real time. However the first ever song Vyas sang for a film was “Alakh Niranjan, Jai Jai Jai Manaranjan” from Bhartrihari (1944) which was picturized on Arun Ahuja (Govinda’s father).

Vyas gave playback in four films – Bhartrihari (1944, MD: Khemchand Prakash), Pehle Aap (1944, MD: Naushad), Maharana Pratap (1946, MD: Ram Ganguli) and Naulakha Haar (MD: R C Boral) before destiny took him on a different path. He remembers meeting Rafi Sahab years later who sweetly said “Pandit ji you changed our line (singing)” to which Vyas admitted that he did not see much of a future for himself in singing and hence switched to acting.

After Prithvi Theatre’s first play Shakuntala was staged, Devika Rani (owner of Bombay Talkies) was keen to know who played Rishi Kanva. When she saw the 24 yrs old Vyas she was surprised, she never expected to see such a young man. She offered him a role in a Bombay Talkies film to be directed by actor Jairaj but the film was never made.

When Ramesh Saigal moved away from Prithvi Theatre, he joined Chetan Anand’s company India Pictures as Production Manager. They were working on their next film Neecha Nagar (1946) when Ramesh Saigal offered Vyas a small role (protagonist’s elder brother) in the film. Prithvi Theatre never laid any restrictions on their actors; they could take outside work while working in their plays. Vyas was eager to face the camera and accepted the role with open arms. He is credited as ‘Vyas ji’s in this film. Soon he played a small role in Raj Kapoor‘s Aag (1948) where he is credited as ‘Brijmohan’. But the role that gave him recognition in the film industry was in Barsaat (1949) where he played actress Nargis’ father. For this film he is credited as ‘B. M. Vyas’. Thus Vyas ji’s film career took off and he never looked back.

He has had a long and very successful career of more than four decades and has been part of many memorable classics. He has always been a character artist who started his career with portraying old characters. His last film most probably was Maa (1991).Vyas was very keen to work with the great filmmaker V Shantaram and approached him for work. Shantaram was planning Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957) and was busy casting actors to play six prisoners in the film. He did not tell him that he is Bharat’s younger brother who was the lyricist of the film. When Vyas approached him, Shantaram was initially a bit apprehensive due to his height but soon cast him as one of the prisoners, Jalia Nai. They had a month-long schedule in Kolhapur. When the reels were sent to Rajkamal Studios for processing, it was found that due to dirt particles on the lens there were lines all across the frame in all the reels and the whole month’s hard work had gone to waste. They had to reshoot the entire thing. Vyas had a tough time managing schedules due to this re-shoot as he had other films in hand too. My favourite scene of this film is where Jalia comes with an intention to kill the Jailor played by Shantaram himself. That scene showcases Vyas’ ability as a performer, his entire body language, facial expressions, use of eyes and voice in this scene is a class act, beyond words.

About the classic scene from Sampoorna Ramayan (1961) Vyas said when he was offered the role of Ravan he was thrilled, being Shastri in Sanskrit he had read so much about this mythological character. Hence he was really keen to play the part but Ravan is expected to have a powerful physique while Vyas ji had a lean frame. To overcome this hurdle he got cotton padded clothing made for the role to look fuller. The rising temperature due to lights in addition to studio heat, he would sweat profusely in those cotton padded clothes but he did not let it hinder his performance. That innovative scene where Ravan is interacting with his nine heads was a collective brainchild of Babubhai Mistry and Homi Wadia. Vyas had to enact from a fixed position in front of a stationary camera for fifteen days but the end result was very effective.

B M Vyas acted in 175 films. His first film was Neecha Nagar-46 and last film was Oh,Darling ! yeh hai India-95. Vyas ji left for a better world on 11 March, 2013. (Adapted from articles from Maitri Manthan and Blog beete hue din, with thanks.)

This is the second song from the drama Deewar-45. The first was sung by Raj kapoor, but since this was sung by an unexpected actor singer, I thought our Blog must have this song also.


Song- Iss andheri raat mein (B M Vyas NFS)(1945) Singer- B. M. Vyas, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguli

Lyrics

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
????? mera
bhookha hoon main
pyaasa hoon main
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???

—————————-
andar aajaao bhai
nahin baba main andar na aaunga
kyon

main ?? leka padta hai
maalik

yahaan de jaao
nahin to ?? bhook se kaat chuka hoon

—————————–

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5051 Post No. : 16964

A singing Hero is not a novelty for those who are old film lovers, because in the initial era of Talkie films, most actors sang their own songs in the films. Though the Playback singing was introduced in 1935 in Calcutta and in 1937 in Bombay, it took a few more years to become fully prevalent in all films.

When the Talkie films started in 1931, one of the conditions for the newcomers to join as an actor/actress for lead roles, was that he/she should be able to sing properly. Since most actresses came from singing families (read Tawaifs), just a reasonably good face and a figure was good enough as they knew how to sing. But not all males knew how to sing. So, almost all heroes sang their own songs and so you will find songs by actors like W.M.khan, Kashinath,Khaleel,Master Mohammad, Master Nissar, master Shiraz, Ashraf Khan, Govindrao Tembe, Saigal, panchotiya, Shahu Modak, Marutirao pehelwan etc etc in the films from 1931 to 1937. Many times if the Hero is not able to sing, roles for the Music directors were created and he would act and sing songs in the films for his roles. After this, genuine singers like Surendra, Motilal, Ashok kumar started acting and singing and by the end of the 30’s decade playback was firmly established in all films.

However few popular heroes never sang any songs-like Master Vithal, Jairaj, Prithviraj kapoor etc. Amongst these Non-Singer Heroes of the early era, the story of Jairaj is very interesting. Paidi Jairaj or P. Jairaj ( 28-9-1909 to 11-8-2000 ) was a very handsome and well built young man,when he joined films. After doing 11 silent films,he made his first Talkie,’ Shikari” in 1932. It was produced by a Hyderabad company-Eastern Films.He acted in 170 films and had received the Phalke award and Padma Bhushan in 1980.

In the early phase of Talkie films,there used to be,on average 15 to 20 songs in every film. It was compulsory for every Hero and Heroine to sing their own songs live( playback came in 1935 and became common in 38-39 only). To help the non-singer actors,studios used to keep trained classical experts. Otherwise also most MDs in those days were classical singers themselves.

Thus,Jairaj too was expected to sing songs. He did not like singing,because he was horrible at singing. The MD of film Patit pawan-33 was Prof.B.R.Deodhar,who was a classical singer himself.(Later on he settled with running a musical school). he was determined to make Jairaj sing a song. Finally a song was recorded and filmed-“prem magan sakhi”. Jairaj had sung it so bad,that the song was removed from the film from the second show itself. Jairaj is a Hero of those days who never sang in films. Even after playback was used regularly,in his 170 films,Jairaj has sung less than 20 songs on screen !

This was the case of all Genre of films except Stunt films For stunt films, heroes were required to have a Muscular body, ride Horses, fight criminals, Jump from heights, drive Car / Motorcycles, do fencing etc. C. Ramchandra, the famous Music Director , started his film career as an actor and in his first film itself he became the hero of film Naganand-1935. The film was a great flop in its First day First Show itself where only 6 people came to see the film ! He lost the job and started visiting studios to get a job. One day, he was called by JBH Wadia for an interview. CR was very lean. Though good looking, he did noit have good clothes, so he appeared for an interview in Shirt and Pyjama only.

Wadia saw him and asked,” Any experience ?”
CR gave him the Naganand film booklet and said proudly,” I have worked as a Hero”.
Wadia did not even touch the booklet and asked,” Can you ride a Horse ?’
” No”
” Can you fight with 10 goons ?”
” No”
” Can you jump from 20 feet ?”
” No”
” Then what sort of a Hero you were. Get out .” The interview ended. Wadia was famous for making Stunt films. Same CR became a popular composer and a successful singer later on !

I am telling all this to emphasize that actor-singers were first a necessity and later an utility, till playback took over. Today’s song is a song sung by Raj kapoor (14.12.1924 to 2.6.1988), when he was just 21 year old budding actor in his father’s Drama Company.

Prithvi Theatre was founded in 1942, by Prithviraj Kapoor, as a travelling troupe with 150 members, which staged productions across India. Its maiden performance was Kalidasa’s classic “Shakuntala”. In subsequent years the theatre staged more than 2,600 plays such as “Deewar” (Wall), “Pathan” (a community comprising Hindus and Muslims of North India), “Ghaddar” (Traitor), “Aahuthi” (Offering), “Kalaakar” (Artist), “Paisa” (Money) and “Kisaan” (Farmer). Prithviraj starred as the lead actor in every show. His work in the Indian film industry funded the activities of the company .

Prithviraj Kapoor’s dream was to have a permanent place for his theatre company. In 1962 he managed to lease a plot of land in Juhu on which to create a theatre space. Unfortunately his ill-health and subsequent death in 1972 delayed his dream turning into reality. The year he died the lease on the land expired and was offered on sale to his family. Shashi Kapoor and his wife Jennifer decided to make Prithviraj’s dream a reality by buying the land, and setting up the ‘Shri Prithviraj Kapoor Memorial Trust & Research Foundation’ in his memory with the intention of building a space to promote Hindi theatre and the performing arts.

Prithvi Theatre was inaugurated on 5 November 1978 in Mumbai. “Udhwastha Dharmashala”, written by G P Deshpande, staged by Naseeruddin Shah, Om Puri and Benjamin Gilani was Prithvi’s first play. This was followed by a play by the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a political satire, “Bakri”, directed by actor-director M. S. Sathyu.

Music had a dominating influence on Raj Kapoor. As Prithviraj’ s son, he had an opportunity to come close to K L Saigal and the master composer Rai Chand Boral, when Prithviraj worked in New Theatres.. Even while in Bombay, Saigal was his neighbour at College Street in Matunga.

His ambition to be a filmmaker did not allow Raj Kapoor to pursue his passion for music, though he did learn its rudiments from Pt Jagannath Prasad who was closely associated with Khemchand Prakash and K L Saigal and also taught music to Premnath, Mukesh and the members of the Kapoor clan.While visualising a song situation Raj Kapoor showed remarkable judgement in selecting the right tunes. He never hesitated to adapt tunes (such as ‘Is libe dis, I love you’ and ‘Dost dost na raha’, both in ‘Sangam’) which had appealed to him, without worrying about the sources from where they came.

If Raj Kapoor had not been a filmmaker he would have been an excellent composer and a good singer as well. He proved his ability as a singer early in his career, when he sang ‘Hum babu naye nirale hain'(Music: Ram Ganguli/N 2666 1) in Prithvi Theaters’ stage-play ‘ ‘Deevar ‘. He displayed an admirable sense of rhythm and melody in the song. With a little more effort he could have been a successful singer.
He also sang in ‘Chitod Vijay’ (1947/S D Burman)’Jail Yatra’ (1947, Ninu Majumdar),’Dil Ki Rani'(1947/S D Burman),Neel Kamal'(1947/B Vasudeo) and ‘Gopinath'(1 948/Ninu Maiumdar/record not released).Eventually Raj preferred the sonorous voice of Mukesh from ‘Aag'(‘Zinda hoon is tarah ki ghame’/ 1948) to ‘ Mera Naam Joker’ (‘Jane kahan gaye woh din’/1970).

Raj Kapoor used to do all sorts of work in Prithvi Theatres. He acted in few dramas and even sang a song in the drama Deewar in 1945. The song became very popular and HMV took out a Gramophone record of the song. The song was written by Saraswati Kumar Deepak, who generally wrote all dialogues and songs of Prithvi dramas. For a long time this record was not available on YouTube. Last week, a kind soul, a generous Record Collector Syed Zafar Shah posted this song on RMIM and YT. When I complained to him that the song had too much disturbance, he very kindly sent me a cleaned and improved song on my personal Whatsapp account. He also uploaded it on YT. I sincerely thank Zafar Bhai for his generous posting of this and many other rare songs on YT for the music lovers. May God bless him. May his tribe increase !

Raj Kapoor understood music and was deeply involved in his film’s music. After Shankar-Jaikishan , Laxmikant Pyarelal pair came to him, but his interference was not acceptable to them and so they too parted. Raj Kapoor wanted not only a good composer but one who will listen to him and tolerate his interference in the music selection. With Ravindra Jain, it was accomplished. Anyway that is besides the point.

The song is very good and firmly establishes Raj Kapoor as one who understood music and as a good singer !
(I have used some information from Nalin Shah’s article on Raj Kapoor’s Music, in July 1988 issue of ” Playback and Fast Forward” issue, wiki, C Ramchandra’s Marathi autobiography and my notes)


Song- Hum baabu naye niraale hain (Raj Kapoor NFS)(1945) Singer- Raj Kapoor, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguly

Lyrics

hahahaahha
hahahahaa
wawawa
wawawa
wawawa

sun re
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
ab rang naye
ab dhang naye
ab ye sansaar naya apna
aa aa aa
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

ghar ke saare rang jo badle
ghar ke saare rang jo badle
apne bheetar dhang jo badle
hey ae
ab mahal naya ab gali nayi
ab badal gayi poshaak(?) dekh lo
badal gayi poshaak
?? ke jagah ab pyaale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
Darling
How sweet
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

maalik badlaa aa aa aa
maalik badlaa
naukar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
maalik badlaa
nakar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
jo meri wo Lakshmi badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hey jo meri wo jorua badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5028 Post No. : 16936

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS) – for a change ! It is sung by Pankaj Mallick. Lyricist is Fayyaz Hashmi and the song is set to music by Pankaj Mallick himself. It must be a song originally recorded before the Partition, because the Lyricist migrated to Pakistan after that in 1947.

Music in India can be divided into 2 groups.
1) Film Songs and 2) Non Film Songs.

Non Film Songs (NFS) as an all inclusive term and it includes all songs other than film songs – Bhajans, Naats, Geets, Qawalis, Gazals,classical songs and anything and everything that is not a film song. It may include the various folk songs, traditional songs sung in all parts of India on various occasions like Bhai Dooj, Rakhi, Holi, Sankranti, Bidai, Farmers’ songs during harvesting, even songs composed by Saints and songs sung by housewives while operating Home Chakkies, Naag Panchami songs etc.etc.

Music has been an inseparable part of Man’s life in the World. In India music is used whenever things needed to be remembered. I remember, in the 40’s and the 50’s, in our school days, the teachers used to insist on singing Poems from the books, in tune, so that we remembered them. Even the mathematical Tables and Pahades were recited collectively in tune,in classes and we never forgot them. That is why old people, even today, remember the tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1 1/2, 1 1/4, 1 3/4, 2 1/2, 3 1/2 etc. etc. For the new generations it is unbelievable because now calculators do all this without investing personal efforts. Great advantages and disadvantages too ! Simple calculations can not be done without calculators these days. Anyway, that is besides this topic.

Great singers and classical experts always had the Royal Patronage and for common people the traditional music and folk songs were there. After the advent of Radio in Bombay (23-7-1927) and Calcutta (26-8-1927), music came to the commoners. But even on Radio, for a long time, only classical music was aired on Bombay Station. However Calcutta station aired songs other than classical because they had plenty of songs which were sung during the Puja season. The origin of NFS was from the East. I used to always wonder as to why NFS singers were mainly from Bengal-Pankaj Mallick, Saigal, Jagmohan, Hemant Kumar, Juthika Roy, Kamla Jharia and even Talat Mehmood sang his NFS from Calcutta.

Famous singer of NFS, Jagmohan Sursagar has written in his Autobiography in 1985, about the Birth of NFS thus- ” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc. used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal, Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt. Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued up to next 20 years non stop. “

However, in the course of time, almost all Hindi Playback singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Shamshad, Talat, Mukesh, Rafi, Nurjahan, Amirbai, Zohrabai etc. sang NFS. Some of their NFS became very popular too. The NFS started to be discussed on this Blog somewhere from late 2011. I remember AK ji and myself were the major vocal supporters of NFS on this Blog. Today there are 245 NFS, sung by various singers on our Blog. There are 75 singers of NFS. Some rare songs by Abhram Bhagat, Ashraf Khan, Master Vasant, Tamancha Jaan, Indurani etc. are also there. I think on the Internet, ours must be the only Blog providing such a feast of popular NFS-so many at ONE place. Thanks ATUL ji.

The contribution of singers, Lyricists and composers from Bengal to the emergence, sustainance, prosperity and decline is notable. Kamal Dasgupta and Fayyaz Hashmi played a pivotal role in the flourishing of NFS in India and were the earliest promoters of NFS. let us know more about Fayyaz Hashmi….

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.
In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS is composed and sung by Pankaj Mallick. According to a commenter on you tube, Pankaj Mallick has used the orchestra of Fransisco Casanovas in this song. You can hear many western instruments playing in the background. Similarly, Jagmohan Sursagar had also composed one song ” Kya maze ki baat hai” in his only Hindi films as a composer in 1955, wherein he used Waltz music.


Song- Jab chaand mera nikla (Pankaj Mullick NFS)(1946) Singer- Pankaj Mullick, Lyricist- Faiyyaz Hashmi, MD- Pankaj Mullick
Non Film Song.

Lyrics

Jab chaand mera nikla
??
Jab chaand mera nikla
us raat ki
us raat ke ?? chup thhe
?? bhi sharmaaye
chhaayin thhin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

un aankhon se kehte thhe
un aankhon se kehte thhe
aankhen meri khushi mein
amar ujaala ho
do din ki zindagi mein
phir kyon na tumhen paa ke
hum bhaag pe itraayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

aakaash pe jab chhaaye
ghanghor diyaare(??) se
tab man ke gagan mein mere
chhitke huye taare thhey

jaadoo sa mujhpe kiya thha
jaado bhari hawa ne
gham mera mita gaye thhey
un honthhon ke paimaane
ab tak hai wo ?? baaten
hum hosh mein kya aayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla aa aa aa
chaayin ?? ghataayen


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4913 Post No. : 16733

There have been two excellent reviews of 83 film which was released recently on 24 December 2021. As such there is not much to add to the review per se. But then the event itself is engraved in golden moments and letters in the annals of sporting history of our country. Well, there always was hockey in which we ruled the roost in those days. People had little doubts in their minds on the continued dominance of West Indies which had already won the first as well as the second world cup in 1975 and 79 respectively. Dark horses India created history by upsetting West Indies in the finals by successfully defending a modest score of 183 runs, a record which stands tall to this day.

Apart from songs and films, railways and cricket (of bygone era) remain amongst the favourite topics on the blog. So, when Avinash ji posted his euphoric post on having watched the film 83 first day first show, there was lot of buzz on our WhatsApp group and its was rather decided that whosoever watches the film should make attempts to write a post on the experiences of not only the film or the event but their own expectations, memories etc.

Well, I am here with my post and would request whatapp group members to ignore reading the next one-line para for obvious reasons and the cliché for which I have become rather infamous. 🙂

I was all but 9 in 1983, having born in Feb’74.

Thus, I knew about India having won the 1983-world cup only a few years later. [Sachin Tendulkar at 10 in the movie is seen dancing in the streets (on someone’s shoulders)]. As such, this post of mine could be some sort of damp squib for keen readers. To add to the misery of writing this post, I am not an avid follower of cricket or for that matter any sport. But, whenever India plays, I always follow up with keen interest. For the said reasons, I am yet to see a full IPL match and can say with enough conviction that I will never ever watch such a match. Further, I have almost completely stopped watching television and my TV table is now occupied by various indoor plants, a new hoppy which I have recently cultivated. Above the TV, creepers such as money plants and broken heart are scaling up the wall to reach the slab. 🙂

However, I have been following follow-up stories of 1983 world cup with all interests. I could completely understand what Kapil Dev’s unbeaten innings of 175 meant for the team, tournament and our country as a whole. With the advent of internet, I have visited web sites pertaining to cricket world cup several times and tried the understand the circumstances under which India went on to upset the two-time defending champions. A perfect example of dark horses turning out to be derby winners. A day after the match, London Times, a British newspaper apparently had the headline “Kapil’s men turn world upside down” on its front page.

With whatever little I have watched on cricket, Kris Srikkanth has been one of my favourite cricketers. In my opinion, he remains one of the few players who played mainly for the crowds. He successfully faced some of the most lethal fast bowlers of different teams.

I remember reading an article in India Today magazine wherein there was a beautiful article entirely dedicated to him. I had been searching for this article published in March 1987 all these years and with renewed interest, I happened to get hold of it in the magazines’ s archives articles. I would recommend readers to spare time to read the article. There have been many a great Indian cricket player over the years. But, the style, controlled aggression, antics on field etc, no one can match the peerless Kris Srikkanth.

Ball racing to the boundary like a bullet was the hallmark of his batting. For every ball that he faced it was always the viewers and not Kris Srikkanth who were afraid that the ball would end up disturbing the furniture behind. He long walks away from the crease towards square-leg umpire, frequent twisting of his nose, closing of his eyes in a flutter, the cursory glance at the skies as if he was reporting to someone after each ball, the meticulous and fast curling of the bat, his legs positioned wide apart on the crease while batting etc. will remain etched in active memories of avid lovers of the game.

Coming back to 1983, but remaining with Kris Srikkanth and his batting style, I am always happy of the fact that with a regal 38 he was the highest scorer of the finals in spite of a few towering batsmen on the opposite camp. Viv Richards scored 33 and that was the second highest individual score in the final.

With all such fond memories, the viewing of the film was for me like travelling back in a time machine. My wife along with my daughter studying II PU are now placed at D.K. Friday 24, the release date of the film, they ended up at U.K. on an unexpected, unplanned and a totally unscheduled visit. My wife has played this pleasant prank on me a couple of times and so even though it was quite surprising, it took just a nano second for me to realise that, yes, they were here for a visit.

On Saturday, 25 Dec, my daughter started this slow and silent campaign that we ought to watch a movie in the only (non-ac) theatre in this town. I do not even bother to follow up which movie plays as I do not go to theatres often. But in this case and to my inner delight it was 83 of all the films that was being screened on that day. And seeing that my daughter was killing time brooding and surfing net for tickets, story etc. I decided that the movie had to be watched anyhow. And so, I saw the film along with my daughter.

Watching films in movie theatres with my wife needs a special mention here. I was placed in Mumbai when I got married in 2003. (Yes, in 3 years, I will be slaying the seven-year itch for the third consecutive time)  🙂

Instead of watching some junk Hindi or Hollywood movie, I thought I would begin my married-life-film-watching-experiences-with-spouse by watching a scientific documentary in the newly opened world’s largest IMAX dome theatre at Bhakti Park, Wadala. My Monorail site was hardly half a km away from the theatre though my residence was far away.

I later realised that my excitement of watching a documentary in a dome theatre was wholly a one-way traffic. Having a keen interest in astronomy, I got rivetted to the documentary show on stars, planets and galaxies. Being a dome theatre, the seats were obviously push back as well as quite reclining on which my wife comfortably dozed off for the entire show. On completion of the show of which I was totally absorbed in, I asked my wife if she had enjoyed the show. She had a brutal reply that she had dozed off from the word go. I realised that we both were travelling in the vastness of space while the documentary was being screened. The only difference was that I had my eyes wide open.  🙂

Thus, being the experience (there were a few more), my wife decided to stay put at home for some house-hold chores and I accompanied my daughter for the 83 show.
The description of the movie has been amply presented in the two posts posted and will be elaborated more when others write in. And so, I will have limited non-chronological bullet-wise observations on the film.

• The film aptly starts with the now legendary catch taken by Kapil Dev dismissing a batsman who could have easily denied India the Cup. Viv Richards. As the ball tends to safely fall into the hands of Kapil Dev, the titles begin, and the movie starts.

• Ranveer Singh has gotten into the skin of the character he plays that of captain Kapil Dev himself. Many a times, his dialogue delivery is simply impeccable. Hats off to him for his efforts in portraying the role with such similarity.

• Kris Srikkanth remains what he has been to the team during their hey days and during the various film promos and stories told on TV earlier too, a complete entertainer.

• The film has tried to keep the aura of those days alive by displaying the runs scored, nature of batsman getting out etc. I only wish, they had more such displays and retained them for a bit longer time than shown in the movie.

• The mood of the nation, prior, during and after the tournament has been captured well.

• The unbeaten knock of 175 by Kapil Dev against Zimbabwe in a do or die match as well as that of the tournament should have been covered in more detail especially since the actual recording and telecast never happened.

• The rotating of the antenna by Indian public with TV sets for better reception brought back fond memories.  🙂

• The premonition of players and other officials remaining still in their positions in the pavilion when the batsman was in good flow is to be seen to be believed and appreciated.

• Kapil Dev pep talk in the dressing room should have been more elaborate and frequent even if they were in Hindi. It has been shown as if he hardly spoke which I feel could not have been the case.

• Kapil Dev’s encouragement talk to his players during the innings break that West Indies team have to still make the “paltry” 183 runs and we will not allow them to achieve it easily is quite emotional and superb.

• PR Man Singh, the Indian manager who accompanied the team to the tournament has been played quite well by Pankaj Tripathi of Mirzapur TV series fame. Given the time space he occupies in the film, Pankaj Tripathi had done full justice to the role. I understand he went to stay with the real Man Singh for a few days in Hyderabad to prepare himself for the role. Much appreciated.

• Wamiqa Gabbi plays Madan Lal’s wife. Why am I mentioning this? I really donno.  🙂  So, (Don’t) keep guessing.

The detailed wiki page of the film has a soundtrack length of about 54 minutes. For obvious reasons, there is no playback as far as songs are concerned. For many in this blog self included the names of present lyricists, singers, composers etc. are all Greek and Latin. Our Avinash ji offered me to send lyrics of any song that I could pick up in the film. That indeed would have made my task a lot easier and I thank him for the outreach.

However, surfing the net whilst writing the post, I came across a very apt song for the occasion. On 17 August 1983 Lata Mangeshkar apparently performed live in a concert in Delhi to facilitate and also raise funds for the winning team on their spectacular victory in the Cricket World Cup tournament.

Joining her in chorus were Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar and even members of the team including the captain himself. The song for the special occasion was written by renowned lyricist Indeewar and the tune composed by Hridaynath Mangeshkar. It gives me immense pleasure to bring forth this special song to the readers of the blog.

I would also like to reproduce a snap taken during the Cup award ceremony with Indians occupying the entire ground at Lord’s. It amply showcased the euphoric mood of our nation on winning the world cup in 1983.

Lastly, I would like to end the post with my strong conviction that it’s never too late to honour Kapil Dev with the Bharat Ratna for what he has achieved for our country.
Jai Hind.

Concert song sung on 17 August 1983.


Song-Bharat vishv Vijeta apna Bharat vishv vijeta (Patriotic NFS)(1983) Singers-Lata, Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Hridaynath Mangeshkar

Lyrics

Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta

ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram

————————-
Devnagri script lyrics
————————-

भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता,
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |

एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ,
एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |

खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता,
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना, संग है विश्व विजेता,

वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4833 Post No. : 16615

Today I am presenting a Non-Film song by Master Ashraf Khan. Some of you may remember Ashraf Khan, who sang songs in the films Roti-42 and Baaghbaan-38. We all know him mainly as a film actor, who finally became a Sufi Saint, but his contribution to the Gujarati theatre was substantial. Most of us know many things about Cinema, but very little about Theatre and stage dramas.

Prior to films becoming a source of entertainment for the common man, it was the stage drama which diligently and sincerely gave pure and musical entertainment to the commoners. The rich of course could afford private singing jalsas with famous singers and Tawayafs. Stage dramas were popular mainly in Bengal, Maharashtra and Gujarat, since the early to middle 19th Century. It started a bit late, on a regular scale, in South India, at the beginning of the 20th Century or so.Despite modern means of entertainment like TV and Films, stage dramas are still popular in Maharashtra and Gujarat. These two states have a glorious history and tradition of producing classical singers, many of them through the stage dramas.

Master Ashraf Khan was very popular and famous on the Gujarati stage. He was known as the ” Saigal of Gujarat”. Singing of Gazals in stage dramas started with Ashraf Khan, it is believed. Stage dramas are usually called ” Parsi-Urdu,” ” Parsi-Hindi”, ” Parsi-Gujarati”, because the Parsi community was prominent in this medium. Parsis came from Iran (Persia) into North Konkan, and Gujarat and they merged with the Indian People. All generations of Parsis spoke Hindi and Gujarati (with a typical, recognisable tone) and prospered in various trades and fields of Business.

The Gujarati stage was full of artistes from Saurashtra, North Gujarat and Bombay. They belonged to different castes. Jaishankar Bhojak (Sundari), Amrit Kershav Nayak, Vadilal Nayak, Master Shaani, Master Vikram etc were from Bhojak Nayak caste. From the Meer caste came Himmat Meer, Kasam Meer, Lallubhai Meer etc. -all singer actors. Parsis like Sorabji katrak, Sorabji kerawala, Faredoon irani and some Muslims like Ashraf Khan, Alladdin, Ghulam Sabir, Master Fida hussai, Master nissar, Kumar etc. were some members of this community.

Starting from 1871, these drama companies toured Bombay Presidency, Saurashtra, Calcutta and Bengal and upto Rangoon in Brahmadesh (Burma). Unlike Marathi stage the Parsi and Bangla dramas got women doing female roles sooner than in Maharashtra. Some actresses were, Miss Mary fanten, Miss Fitna, Mehtab, gafooran, Gauhar, Deenabai Mistri etc. In the modern dramas of the 1960 to 1980’s even Saraswati Devi (Vidya Bajpai) and Sandhya(Vijaya Deshmukh) acted on Gujarati stage.

However, in the initial years i.e. from 1890 to 1930, there were actors doing female roles. Anand ji ‘Kabootar’, Vikram, Fakir, Himmat meer and Jaishankar Bhojak were major actors famous in female roles. Jaishankar was popular and did female roles in dramas like Vikram Charitra, Barrister, Vasant Prabha and Saubhagya Sundari. His role as ” Sundari” in drama “Saubhagya Sundari” was so popular that later on his name was changed to Jaishankar “Sundari”. He worked till 1961. In his honour, a Drama Theatre in Ahmedabad is named as Jaishankar Sundari Theatre ! What an honour. He was friendly with Marathi stage actor Bal Gandharva and they both used to see each others’ dramas, without fail.

Orphaned very early, Master Ashraf was brought up by one Baburao, his father’s friend. He was a born singer. His mother tongue was Urdu/Pashto, but he mastered Gujarati so well that people considered him to be a Gujarati actor. Master Himmat meer brought him to the Theatre in 1894. He did only male roles and sang also. many dramas like Prithviraj, Arab ka Sitara, Samudragupta, Sansar Sagar, Ek Abla etc, as its Hero. He did about 3000 shows of his drama ‘ Malavpati”, as it became very popular. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India and after that he acted in the same drama once again in 1961, though old. He also worked in Hindi films upto 1941 His Heroines were Zebunnisa, Mehtab, Sardar Akhtar, Iqbal Begum (mother of Meena Kumari). From 1950 onwards he tilted towards Sufism and finally became a Saint.

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the 40s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first written about him somewhere 9 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done a lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog and his book that I learnt more details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with the film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanwa aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how he progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore on 22-10-1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepherd boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati’s drama company was stationed in a nearby bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he was willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betel leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhanbin two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan’s heroine on the Gujarati stage was Sandhya. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made the same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience on stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more than a dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that whenever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors footwear was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dhoraji in Gujarat he returned to the Dargah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharif ( the eleventh month of Islamic calendar ). He lay down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he was narrating verses from Ayat Sharif. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bedside reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that wherever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sharif, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sharif and Darood Sharif . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was something strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incident. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at Ganj Shahda which is located on the Ahmedabad – Delhi highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

Among the film personalities who used to attend the Urs were Mehboob Khan, Sardar Akhtar, Zaibunissa, Mehtab, Begum Akhtar, Prithviraj Kapoor and Trilok Kapoor etc .

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, and many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 31 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of the songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baghban 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered the Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later periods he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come. (Based on information from article by P.Kamalakar ji, book -पूर्वसूरींचे सूर by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar, Gujarati Rangbhumi by K.N.Parekh, HFGK, muVyz and my notes. Thanks to all.)

Six songs of Ashraf Khan are discussed on this Blog. All are film songs. This is perhaps his first Non Film Song to feature here.


Song- Khudi mitaaye na jab tak Khuda nahin milta (Ashraf Khan NFS)(1940) Singer- Master Ashraf Khan Lyricist- Unknown MD- Unknown

Lyrics

Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta
Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta aa
aa aa

?? mein shaakh mein ae ae ae ae
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
?? mein shaakh mein
gul mein usi ka jalwa hai ae
ke uspe kehte hain
hamko khuda nahin milta aa aa aa
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein
ae ae ae ae
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein ae
kisi ko raasta chaltey
Khuda nahin milta aa aa
(??)jabaan dil se alag rakkho
tu tu mai mai se ae ae ae
jahaan hai ??
Khuda nahin milta aa aa

kisi ka dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
kisi ko dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
?? gair kahin
?? to kya nahin milta
aa aa aa


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4751 Post No. : 16489

Eid ul Azha mubarak ho, to all friends and readers.

It is generally believed that faith and logic are two different things.  What is faith?  Basic premise of faith would be the belief in God.  The conviction that there is a Supreme Power who holds the strings of all things in the universe.  After all the world is a stage and we all are actors.  Shakespeare said it, but it is nothing but the truth.  All of us are here for a set number of days, playing our designated roles, doing things we are destined to do, amassing good deeds and bad deeds.  As we complete the life circle and leave this mortal world, the soul does go somewhere, where else it will go but to the creator?  Logic has no option but to agree that the creator is in best position to answer the question, what is the purpose of creation?  If there was no creator, nothing makes sense in the whole existence. Science can give answers till a certain point and that is that. Logic starts where science gives up.   And sound logic points to God, the Creator, the Sustainer, the one who says “be” and it is.

I quote here some of the verses from the Glorious Quran.

“O Mankind, indeed we have created you male and female, and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you, in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, ALLAH is (all) knowing and (well) acquainted.” –  49:13

“And (O Muhommad) say: My Lord forgive and have mercy, for you are the best of all who show mercy.” –  23:118

“O mankind, there has come to you, a convincing proof (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord and we send down to you a manifest light (this Quran).” – 4:174

“And whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] himself.” – 27:92

“And for those who fear Allah, He will make their path easy.” – 65:4

“Allah never changes the condition of people until they change what is in themselves.” – 13:11

“And put thy trust in Allah. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.” – 33:3

“Take care of your souls.” – 5:105

“Do not ridicule others, perhaps they may be better than you.” – 49:11

“If you are thankful, I will increase my blessings upon you.” – 14:7

“So remember me, I will remember you.” – 2:152

“He knows what is in every heart.” – 67:13

“Verily, with every hardship comes ease.” –  94:5

“Allah does not burden a soul beyond that it can bear.” – 2:286

“Do not lose hope, nor be sad, for you will overcome them, if you are among the believers.” – 3:139

“We will test you in fear, hunger, loss of wealth life & fruit, but give glad tiding to the patient (steadfast).” – 2:155

“Call upon me, I will respond to you.” – 40:60

“Indeed, Allah is with those who abide him and those who are doers of good.” -16:128

“Allah will provide for him from a quarter from where he had no expectation. And whosoever puts all his trust in Allah, He will be enough for him. Allah is in command and he has set a measure for all things.” –  65:3

“And worship your Lord until there comes into you the certainty/inevitable (death)” – 15:99

“You prefer the life of this world. Although the hereafter is better & more lasting.” 87:16-17

“And we have certainly beautified the nearest heaven with stars.” – 67:5

“The Pharoah’s wife said (Pray) My lord, build for me near you a house in paradise.” –  66:11

These ‘Aayaat’ are part of different Surah (Chapters) in the Quran, revealed at different times to the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) (570-632 CE), during his Prophethood years (610-632 CE).  Mohammed (PBUH) was unlettered with no formal education, and had rarely traveled outside of Makkah, before his migration (Hijraah) to Madinah.   All ‘Aayaat’ of the Holy Quran were revealed to him, via the Angel Jibraeel (AS) at different times and in context of different situations. They were delivered as signs and guidance. These ‘Aayaat’ were then related by the Prophet (PBUH) to his companions (Sahaba), who recorded them in writing.  All of these ‘Aayaat’ were recorded in the Prophet’s life time. It was collated/arranged in a meticulous way, in the form of different Surah’s of the Quran during the reign of Hazrat Abu-Bakr (RA) (573-634 CE), the first Khalifa, in the present compilation. Hazrat Umar (RA) had a great contribution in this process.  There is great detail available about how the procedure was done, with verification of at least 2 witnesses that the Aayat is indeed written down in the presence of the Prophet.  Different Surah’s are also classified as ‘Makkih’ and ‘Madnih’, those revealed before migration to Madinah and after.

How simple and easy, is the faith and the true path, can be discerned in these quotes. How wise is the counsel, for all situations? It answers some of the basic questions bothering the mankind, with intellectuals, philosophers, thinkers having scratched their heads for all these millennia.  I have tried to collate them in an order, so it is in the order of creation, faith, trust, thankfulness, the true way of living, easy way of functioning as a creation, hope, the hereafter, the quest for heaven, how it is near and then the last one speaks of the wife of one (Pharoah-who denied the existence of Allah and declared himself as God) can ask (pray) for the highest level in Jannah (Paradise). It means, its available for everyone, one only has to seek it and ask for it, whatever and whoever you are.  This may not be the best way of saying it, and if I have erred, may Allah (SWT) forgive me.

A brief definition of Jannah with a prayer:

Jannah, where there will be no sickness, no pain, no difficulty, no separation, no loss.

Jannah, its beauty such that no mind could even ever comprehend.

Jannah, where those you love are waiting for you.

Jannah, where your Allah is waiting for you.

Jannah, which is never ever going to end.

Remind yourself that this is the decree of Allah and in his decisions is hidden kindness. Remind yourself that it is not just going to be okay, but it is going to be worth it.

Dear heart, please just remind yourself that your Allah is with you. Please don’t ever forget that.

Your Allah is with you. Your Allah will never leave you.

He knows of your condition. He is aware of your struggle.

And not a single moment of this going by unrewarded.

Allah knows that you are scared, and it is okay to be scared.

Keep trusting your Allah. Don’t lose hope in His mercy.  He is right here with you.

Feel it and treasure it.

———————————————————————————————————

On a different note, this is what Allama Iqbal has to say:

Sajdon ke ee’waz firdaus mile ye baat mujhe manzoor nahi
Be-laus i’baadat karta hoon banda hoon tera mazdoor nahi

 Ee’waz or I’waz means in return of, and ‘Firdaus’ is Jannat/heaven/paradise in persian.

What Iqbal means is :

I am not doing salutations / ibaadat (supplication) and itaa’at (obedience / submission to the will of Almighty), so that you grant me heaven in return. My prayers are pure, as I am your slave and not a paid servant.

This is, but the highest point of devotion, that the pious seek.

One of those pious, righteous, seekers of the divine favour, was Umar Farooq (RA) (584-644 CE). Umar bin Khattab was the second Khalifa of the Khulfa-e-Rashideen. The status of Umar Farooq, as a Sahaba, companions of the Prophet (PBUH), as among the beloved and respected Khalifa, can be ascertained from the fact of his being one of the “Ashra Mubashra”.  “Ashra Mubashra” are the 10 exalted ones among the Sahaba, who were given the ‘Good News’ or ‘Glad Tidings’.  What would be the ‘Good News’ who have the clear idea of the purpose of creation, life and death?  It is the achievement of securing a place in ‘Jannah’.  So, by divine declaration, those 10 were given the Good News, that a place is secured in Jannah for them. The magnificent ten include all four Khulfa-e-Rashideen.  Umar Farooq (RA)’s significance as a Khalifa and his role in the spread of Islamic empire much beyond the Arabian Peninsula is indisputable and incomparable.  One more significant and important contribution of Umar Farooq (RA), is the introduction of Islamic calendar i.e. the Hijri calendar.  There is a great deal to learn from his story, for he was one of the major detractors of the Prophet for a long time.  But once he accepted that Mohammed is indeed the Messenger of Allah, and came into the fold of Islam, blessed by the Allah (SWT) and rose to great heights that he did.

 I have read up a lot in recent days, so that I could give some accurate and concise information in this post.  But if I go on, this post will never finish.

So, I will move to the song, which is a non-film song sung by Mukesh. The song is composed by Iqbal and lyricist is Shadaab Minai.  Shadaab Minai is probably making a debut here with this song.  The song is talking in detail of an incident i.e. a qissa during the reign of Umar Farooq (RA), the second Khalifa.

Tally of music director, lyricist and singer in the blog so far as follows:

 

Iqbal

23

Shaadaab

2

Mukesh

797

932

Unless the Shadaab in the stats page is the same as Shadaab Minai, otherwise this is the first song written by Shadaab Minai in the blog.

This is a rare song, which I think few people may have heard before.  I was not aware it until a few months ago, when it was shared by someone on WhatsApp.

 

Song – Hai Bahut Mashoor Ye Qissa Umar Farooq Ka (Mukesh – NFS) (1970), Singer – Mukesh, Lyrics – Shadaab Minai, MD – Iqbal

Lyrics

hai bahot mash-hoor ye qissa
Umar Farooq ka
aaj bhi duniyaa mein hai
charcha Umar Farooq ka

jab khilaafat ka sharf
haasil hua Farooq ko
momino ki fikr rehti thhi sadaa Farooq ko
kaam aate thhe har ek
majboor ke Hazrat Umar
shauq se karte thhe khud
har ek ki khidmat Umar

phirte phirte ek din
pahunche Umar ek ghar ke paas
dekhte kya hain
wahan baithhi hai ek aurat udaas
degchi chulhe pe thhi aur
ro rahe thhe us ke laal
jab kiya Hazrat Umar ne ja ke
aurat se sawaal
ro rahe hain kis liye bachche
yeh kya hai maajra
bhook se rote hain ye bachche
ye aurat ne kaha
bole Hazrat degchi mein
pak raha hai kya kaho
kis liye ghamgheen ho
jo kuchh bhi hai dukhda kaho

boli wo aurat ke paani se bhari hai degchi
kyun ke main bachchon ko behlaati hoon
is soorat se hi
uff taraste hain ye bachhche daane daane ke liye
kuchh nahi hai mere paas in ko khilaane ke liye
teesre din ka hai faqaa
mere bachchon par huzoor
mera koyi bhi yahaan wali nahin
nazdeek-o-dur
roye uss ko dekh kar iss haal mein
Hazrat Umar
aa gaye fauran hi bait-ul-maal mein Hazrat Umar
aata kapda ghee chhuaare aur raqam le kar Umar
ghamzada aurat ke ghar ki simt daude jaldtar
peetth par dekha Umar ke bojh to bola ghulaam
bojh uttha kar mujh ko chalne deejiye aye nek naam
ye Umar bole agar ye bojh main de doon tujhe ea
hashr ke din kya sazaa dega na jaane rab mujhe
de diya dukhiya ko sab saamaan la kar aap ne
aur khilaaya sab ko khaana pakaa kar aap ne

khaa liya bachchon ne aurat ne khaana jis ghadi
ho gaye Hazrat Umar khush dekh kar un ki khushi
aap ko de kar duaaen phir ye aurat ne kaha
kaash mil jaata koyi ham ko khalifa aap sa
ham gariboon ki Umar koyi khabar rakhte nahin
a’iysh mein hain mast dukhiyon par nazar rakhte nahin
le ke dukhiya ki baaton ka asar Hazrat Umar
khaamoshi se laut aaye apne ghar Hazrat Umar

subah us aurat ko Faarooq ne bulwa liya
aur wazifa us ka bait-ul-maal se jaari kiyaa
ho ke sharminda phir Umar ne aurat se kaha
dukh bahot pahunchaa hai tum ko
meri ghaflat se sada
tum mujhe kar do mu’aaf
itni hai meri iltejaa aa
tum jo mujh ko bakhsh do
bakhsh de mujh ko khudaa aa

saari duniyaa mein hai charcha
har kahin Farooq ka
koyi bhi insaaf mein
saani nahi Farooq ka
koyi bhi insaaf mein
saani nahi Farooq ka


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4711 Post No. : 16417

MUSIC is an integral part of every Indian. From birth to death, we are drenched in music. During Vedic times, the Rishis used to teach their students verses in Taal and Sur, so that the students would remember them easily. You will have observed that whenever there is a Mahapooja or an Yadnya, the Purohits will recite the Mantras in a typical rhythm and sur.

In our school days, teachers used to literally force us to learn poems by heart in a tune, so that it was easier to remember. Not only poems, even the Maths teacher taught us the ” Pahade ” (Paadhe or the Tables) in a particular tune. That is how we remember the difficult tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1-1/2,or the 1-1/4 etc even today. In these days of calculators and Mobiles, the tables are nowhere now !

In ancient times, Fine Arts like Dance, Drama and Music were the exclusive preserves of the Royalties and the Rich. Over a period, the commoners too found pleasures in village arts like Folk dances and Folk songs. In every festival and during the Harvesting times, there used to be musical entertainments.

Record making came to India in 1902, when a song by a professional singer ( read Tawayaf) Gauhar Jan was recorded by a German technician in a Hotel in Calcutta. A factory was set up in Dumdum,Calcutta in 1908 by the gramophone company-UK to make records in India. There was no looking back ever since. There was a spate of records of songs and geets, Bhajans and Gazals etc, by noted singers and classical gurus. By 1925, Electrical recordings started. Gramophones became popular and singers also multiplied. Records of geets, Thumris, ghazals, natya sangeet, Bhajans, Naats,love songs, sad songs etc became available and the songs became popular quickly.

In 1930, All India Radio started and in 1931 the films started talking. However, records of film songs were in general not made those days, though the first film song record came in 1932. Until about 1939-40, records of all film songs were not made from every film. So, people continued to enjoy the NON FILM SONGS by famous singers. This trend of making records of NFS was so popular that most Film singers started their careers by recording NFS. Examples are Talat Mehmood, Hemant Kumar, S D Burman, Lata, Asha, Mukesh, Rafi etc.

Those of our readers, who were young in the 40s…50s….60s, will remember the melodious NFS played on Radios and in homes. Songs of Saigal, Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick, Kamla Jharia, Juthika Roy, Paluskar, Talat, Mukesh, Hemant etc were played in many Hotels and restaurants too.

NON FILM SONGS played a very vital role in entertaining people and in giving opportunities to singers to become famous. As Radio became popular, these songs reached millions of Indians, and the singer’s names became famous all over India. Singers like Jagmohan, Pankaj Mullick and Talat Mehmood were invited to sing their NFS on stage shows and they toured countries all over the world for these shows.

As Radio Ceylon became more and more popular after 1950 and the Vividh Bharati after 1957, film songs started getting extensive exposure and slowly they stole the limelight from the NFS. However some NFS were immortal and are remembered even today.

There is a popular equation that Non Film Songs means Talat, Jagmohan, Pankaj mullick, Juthika Roy, Hemant etc. But the fact is from 1930 onwards, almost every Film singer sang Non Film songs, because NFS had a special place in people’s heart then.

Today we are about to enjoy one such famous and very very melodious NFS by Hemant Kumar- ” Kitna dukh bhulaya tumne pyari “, which was recorded somewhere in early 40s, when Hemant Kumar started recording Bangla and Hindi Geets, prior to his involvement in film music.

Poet Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi and composer Kamal Dasgupta were regularly churning out wonderful melodies on 78 RPM every month and listeners all over India were enjoying them fully.

Actually,in 1985,Jagmohan Sursagar wrote in his Autobiography…..

” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal,Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt.Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued upto next 20 years non stop. “

Let us know about Faiyyaz Hashmi first……Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.

In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS by Hemant kumar – my favourite singer – is very melodious and had become very popular in the 40s, 50s and the 60s. Enjoy…..


Song- Kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari (Hemant Kumar NFS)(1945) Singer-Singer- Hemant Kumar, Lyricist- Fayyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta

Lyrics

kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari ee
kitna dukh bhulaaya tumne pyaari ee
mere zakhmi dil pe rakhkar apna komal haath
mere zakhmi dil pe rakhkar apna komal haath
preetam kyun ghabraaye ho
preetam kyun ghabraaye ho
bas chhed ke itni baat
sab dard mitaaya tumne ae pyaari
sab dard mitaaya tumne ae pyaari

apni bal khaayi zulfen seene se mere bichha ke
apni bal khaayi zulfen seene se mere bichha ke
apne gulaabi honthon ko
apne gulaabi honthon ko
mere honthon se milaa ke ae
amrit ras pilaaya tumne pyaari
amrit ras pilaaya tumne pyaari

ham tum chup baithhe hain
ham tum chup baithhe hain
dil kahta hai kisse dil ke
churaa liyaa hai hosh hamaara
churaa liyaa hai hosh hamaara
chaar aankhon ne milke
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari
kismat ko jagaaya tumne pyaari


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 1400th post by Sudhir.

Blog Day :

4693 Post No. : 16378

 

The Many Colors of Love #31 – Love Divine
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

And so wrote the scribe

खाक को बुत, और बुत को देवता करता है
इन्तहा ये है के बंदे को खुदा करता है इश्क़

Khaak Ko But, Aur But Ko Devta Karta Hai
Inteha Ye Hai Ke Bande Ko Khuda Karta Hai Ishq

Such a profound statement with a hugely significant implication – words are written by Sahir. Whether you read them in the flow of the entire set of lyrics, or just these two phrases, the import of these words cannot be diminished. And a more grand effect is achieved in rendition. Roshan Sb has put this to a melody that one cannot pulls oneself away from the flow, as line after line is being rendered by Rafi Sb. And finally, the effect of the rendition itself, as the continuous flow of singing gains momentum, the crescendo is rising, and Rafi Sb takes these two line progressively higher from octave to octave – to the most important message in this entire qawwali – “बंदे को खुदा करता है इश्क़ ” – “That Love Elevates Man to the Degrees of God”. This phrase is the ultimate climax – in all aspects – the rising crescendo of the music, the heightening pitch of the singer’s voice, the increasingly fervent clapping of the accompaniment singers, and the magnificent declaration about Love and God – all converging on the heights wherefrom one cannot go any further. For the message delivered is the ultimate statement to be made in this creation, in this existence – that Love Elevates.

All faiths, all beliefs, all creeds – have one thing in common. They all acknowledge something superior, a higher power that be – because none can otherwise explain the existence of these universes and the presence of the self on this planet. It is Voltaire who has said – “If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent Him”. Yes, there is so much that we do not understand and so much that cannot be explained by the intellect, that finally even the non-believers cannot extract themselves out of the argument to explain existence.

Where is the story of creation? Every creed has its own, and in every such story there is a higher power that be, which is acknowledged as the authority responsible. The Humans being a visibly cognizant entity (चेतन) in this creation which is so manifestly non-cognizant (जड़) – this question indeed arises in the curious awareness of the self – why am I here? And the answer given by every system of belief is a variation of – “Man Must Return to His Maker”.
I remember another famous qawwali –

रस्ते अलग अलग हैं ठिकाना तो एक है
मंज़िल हरेक शख्स को पाना तो एक है

Raste Alag Alag Hain Thikaana To Ek Hai
Manzil Har Ek Shakhs Ko Paana To Ek Hai

“That paths may be many, yet the destination is the same.”
“And to the Divine must we return”

Theological systems have a life and existence of their own. Most people will follow one or the other that already exists. Once in a while, in a millennium, will come a person or a thought that will bring forth a new theology. Over the ages and across the history of mankind, one after another, newer and different belief systems have appeared, and each has its own existence, its own history, its thoughts, teachers and following.

And then, there is love. No, not as simply as it is just said. An emotional enigma, an anonymous obscurity, supposedly an inscrutable element that forms a significant constituent of what this larger conundrum of ‘creation’ is. An element yes, the basic, most primeval foundational piece. Tagore, in all his wisdom, was moved to write thus – “Love is an enduring mystery because it has nothing else to explain it“.

We can write and express it in a multitude ways, and indeed that has been done across the history. And yet, it remains universally undefined, and there always is yet another expression that attempts to. Through the history of mankind, this attempt has been made many millions of times. And as many millions of times poets, philosophers, lovers, thinkers, believers, and yes, the disbelievers too, have talked about it. And yet, in every age, in every culture, in every generation, every individual mind still continues to ask this question. The same minds continue to discover new definitions and new flavors. Adam and Eve wondered about it, as they looked upon the tree of the forbidden fruit. Brahma, the creator of the universe, was so enamored by his own creation of the feminine form, that he forsook his lotus seat as the creator God, and ran after Her. Lord Shiva was so captivated with the Mohini incarnation of Lord Vishnu, that he too left his abode in Kailash, and in pursuit of that vision. The renowned Sufi poet, Rumi thus wrote “Love is the astrolabe of God’s mysteries”.

Some say God is Love. Some others say Love is the link from Man to God. Yet others say Man who has realized Love, has realized God. Philosophers have written that Love is the basis of this Creation. Others have surmised that Love is the sustenance of this Creation. Another thought is that Love is the path to God. Such a multitude of concepts, ideologies and aesthetics thinkers have thought about and postulated. Some others say Love is an axiom. In the process of philosophical or logical differentiation, an axiom is a self evident truth that stands by itself. It cannot be further simplified or partitioned, or be established from more basic and elemental concepts. An axiom always just is. I recall the cover page of one of the most popular worldwide English editions of the Bible. The cover page simply says “The Greatest Is Love”. No other words, not even the word ‘Bible’ is printed on the cover page. It simply says “The Greatest Is Love“, and that’s it.

This is surely an axiom. A summary outcome of years and aeons of distillation of the human thought that has examined the emotions and expressions to bare bones, and then from the remnants of all that is stirred in the crucibles of the collective human psyche comes this extraction so short, so sweet and so sublime. And from this emerge some very stunning implications, the most significant of them being that Love is greater than God. And suddenly one has to pause, pull the brakes on this whirling carousel of thoughts and expressions and stare in wonder and amazement at this startling conclusion – “The Greatest Is Love, Even Greater Than God Himself”.

There is this play of Love that permeates every thought, every event, every concept, and everything that populates this universe at the physical as well as the non physical and the metaphysical levels of existence. The cycles of existence of the universe – the cause, the sustenance and the eventual assimilation – each one of these is an act of love. The cause of creation occurs when the alone Supreme Soul has a desire to share. That sharing is an expression of Love. The sustenance of the universe is the desire to maintain and keep well the creation – once again it is an act of Love. And the eventual assimilation – no, not the destruction, but more a dissolution of this game of universe, and the assimilation of all the souls back into the primal super soul. Once again, an act of love – an embrace that outweighs any level of proximity – the ultimate sharing of love. The ultimate conversation of love is the tête-à-tête of the souls – as they say, Soulmates. In our bhakti discourses, it is the ‘आत्म निवेदनम्’ (‘atma nivedanam’), the ultimate propinquity of love, the highest stage of meeting of the souls.

Love and God – the ultimate triumphs of realization in this mystery of existence, the magnum opus of individual endeavor and accomplishments. After propounding all the values of human existence, and teaching about all the good and bad in life, every faith, every religion finally talks about Love, about Love and God, about Love Divine, about the Divinity of Love.

This Divine Love is expressed and manifest in countless episodes that are scattered across the length and breadth of the scriptures of our Sanatan Dharm. In the Varaha Avatar – manifestation of Vishnu in the form of a tusked Boar, Vishnu battles with Hiranyaksh and vanquishes him. Then he dives into the waters of the Cosmic Ocean, into which Hiranyaksh had hidden Bhoodevi (Goddess Earth). He picks Her up on his tusks, and brings her out of the waters of the netherworld. In this episode there are brief shlokas wherein Vishnu in the form of Varaha tells Bhoodevi – “My Dear, it has been such a long time that you have cuddled as such in my arms, and I have carried you”.

During the episode of Sagar Manthan, Goddess Lakshmi appears as one of the outcomes of the churning of the Cosmic Ocean. There is an argument as to who would she belong to. Short of a battle, good sense prevails and all agree that Lakshmi should herself select her consort. And Lakshmi puts the flower garland on Vishnu.

In this same episode, Vishnu also appears as Mohini, the incarnation as a beautiful woman. And Shiva who is also present, is so enamored by Her beauty that He immediately has a charming attraction for Her and pursues Her. This affiliation recurs many more times as different episodes are narrated in different books.

When Vishnu appears in the avatar of Narsimhadev, and vanquishes Hiranyakashipu, His demeanor is so frightful, and He is so angry even as the inanimate body of Hiranyakashipu is lying in his lap, that none of the Gods and Sages present have the courage to approach Him. Not even Sage Narad who has the liberty to approach Vishnu whenever and wherever. Not even Goddess Lakshmi, His wife. Then Brahma and Narad request the child Prahlad to approach Narsimhadev. With his childlike innocence, Prahlad presents himself to the infuriated and ferocious half lion manifestation. And lo, in a moment, the anger of Narsimhadev evaporates and is immediately replaced by effusive love for his Bhakt.

Episodes and encounters of love are numerously present in the narration of Vishnu’s avatars as Ram and Krishna. The beauty of Ram is so divine that numerous Sages and village belles express their desire to serve Him as His wife. He declines, for in this avatar as Ram, He has a vow to be the husband of just one, and that is Seeta. But then He gives a boon to all such seekers that in his future incarnation as Krishna, He would accept their desires and betroth them. Therein lies the reason behind the Sixteen Thousand One Hundred and Eight wives of Krishna, as well as the occurrence of the phenomenal and Divine Raas Leela.

In the pageantry of the Sanatan Dharm theology, two entities are identified as beyond creation. They are Shiva and Vishnu. These are the only two for whom no stories of origin can be found, no details of parentage have ever been documented. In every episode, in every tale, the description of their physical appearance is always the same. There is no ageing across time. There is no dissolution at the time of Pralaya or Maha Pralaya. On the occasion of Maha Pralaya even Brahma completes his existence of 100 years (Brahma years, vastly different from the concept of earth years) and dissolves back, awaiting the next cycle of creation.

Vishnu and Shiva exist beyond the time and space, beyond the nothing and anything of this created universe. Their abodes are beyond time and they remain even when everything else disappears at the end of creation. It is nearly impossible for the human mind to even imagine what would be beyond the infinity of time and space as we comprehend it. In a manner of speaking, They represent the two basic forces, the two fundamental concepts that are the source of everything of any kind of nature that is, was, or will be, but They Themselves are apart from this creation. It is interesting to note that this concept of two basic forces pervades many other civilizations and many other theologies. The philosophies of further east have this representation as Yin and Yang, the two fundamental forces that are the basis of all creation. The Buddhist philosophy has the concept of Purush and Prakriti, and that everything else exists or is created through the interactions of these two. Even the scientists pursuing research on the theories of Modern Physics are making efforts towards what they call as the Grand Unified Theory of Physics, in which they propose that there exist only two basic forces in this physical universe and everything else in this visible measurable universe can be computed and extracted from the interplay of the equations of these two basic forces.

The scriptures of Sanatan Dharm abound with narrations of many flavors which describe the interplay between these two fundamental identities, and everything else that comes from them. There are narrations where Parvati, the Consort of Lord Shiva is represented as an incarnation of Vishnu. Then we have other narration where Radha ji is represented as an incarnation of Shiva.

The Ardhnaarishvar manifestation of Shiva, in which the left side of His being transforms into the female form, and He is blessed with being male and female form together in one presence. As per the narrations, Shiva got so smitten with the beauty of Mohini swaroop of Vishnu, that he continuously meditated on that beautiful form. As a result He earned the boon from Vishnu that Mohini would co-exist in the same physical body with Him. That is how the Ardhnaarishvar manifestation of Shiva came about.

Narrations abound in our scriptures of the purity of relationships of Love between Radha and Krishna, between Seeta and Ram, between Parvati and Shiva. However, in the most basic terms, it is all the interplay of the two basic forces of Vishnu and Shiva. And now I will touch upon one more aspect of Divine Love – the Love of Gopis of Vrindavan for the Child Krishna.

I have mentioned little earlier in this article, about the rationale behind the episode of Raas Lila during the appearance of Krishna on this earth, about the boon many learned Sages and women folk of villages received from Ram, when they approached Him with their desires to serve Him as His wives. Close to the end of Dwaapar Yug, when Krishna appeared on this land, these blessed souls all incarnated in Brij as Gopis, the milkmaids. The propensity of their earlier attraction to Ram, transformed in this life into an attachment of devotion to Child Krishna.

There are numerous narrations from many scriptures about the pastimes of Krishna in Gokul, Nandgaon and Vrindavan. Many of these episodes, including the Divine Raas Leela, are played out as interactions between Gopis and Child Krishna. The tales are endless. About Gopis craving for a view of Krishna, His pranks to trouble them as they go about their daily chores, about stealing butter and curd from their homes, about breaking the earthen pots (matkis) containing milk and butter, about the Gopis making Krishna dance just for getting some buttermilk and curd from them, even getting His face embellished with bits of cow dung to get more butter from them, and many many more.

There is a very interesting thread that weaves through all these episodes and pastimes, all the way up to the Raas Leela. And that thread is the flute that Krishna always carries with him, no matter what. This flute, made from a small stick of bamboo, is inseparable from Krishna. It is his eternal partner during the manifestation of all his pastimes while in Brij.

Krishna’s flute playing is remarkably Divine. At will, He can call for all the cows, or all the peacocks, or all the monkeys, or all his playmates and friends. And yes, when He plays the flute for that purpose, it is also to call all the Gopis. The ones so beckoned, are mesmerized by the music of the flute and as if a piece of iron is pulled by a magnet, so will the called ones respond to the call of the flute and in a trance just come to Him.

Gopis are attracted by His flute playing. Their attachment and their affectionate loyalty to Child Krishna is such that they would immediately give up whatever it is that they are doing, answer this call of devotion and converge wherever Krishna is. But when the music is over and the spell dissipates, they are also upset and annoyed that He has such power over them, that He will call them over whenever. There are small episodes of narration of such quarrels between Gopis and Krishna, and also complaints by Gopis to Yashoda.

Taking this narration further, we are also told that the Gopis are also cross with the flute itself. Just a small piece of bamboo and it has such a mesmerizing power over them. They even complain to the flute itself. Sometimes they slyly steal the flute and hide it. Then the little Kanhaiya is distraught, and he pleads with the Gopis to return it. There are some very beautiful bhajans and descriptions that depict this back and forth exchange between Kanha and the Gopis. And then, another step, the Gopis will go to Nand Baba’s home and lodge complaints with Yashoda. This exchange to is covered in many bhajans and episodes that are cute and heartening.

So what or Who is this flute? Some readers may know. Yes, as per narration given in some scriptures, this flute is none other than an incarnation of Shiva Himself. All I can say is that these matters are of the Divine, and are beyond our logic and comprehension. They need to be read and heard in wonder, and then to savor the multitude of sentimental flavors that are enmeshed in all this Grand Design. The more that we think and say about it, the more there remains to be thought and said about it.

The bhajan being introduced today is bringing up yet another flavor of the scores of sentiments that make up this wondrous pageantry. Gopis are even envious of the flute. And they begrudge it, that it always remains close to Kanha, and He so lovingly takes care of it, and He carries it everywhere with Him, even when He is asleep, it is with Him, and then He touches it by His lips, and creates the magic that disturbs their peace and comfort. After all the jealous complaints, they eventually end up praising the fortune of the flute. And they ask of it in wonder – Oh so what all penance and self-flagellation has it gone through, to be rewarded such a position of eminence, with the One that they all adore and covet.  And the words are

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया, तूने कौन कौन तप किन्हो री

Ae Ri Baans Ki Baansuria, Tu Ne Kaun Kaun Tap Kino Ri

Translations

bansi
bansi naam hai, kaahu dhareo sareer
taan taan ki dor su, khinchat hai mann mein

ari kshama kar muraliyaa, padi hain tere paayen
aur sukhi sun hot hain, maha dukhi hum hain

O Eminent Flute
Your name is ‘bansi
O why did you have to exist
With the power of the tones that emanate from you
The insides of our heart are pulled and wrenched

O please, please forgive us,
We fall at your feet in reverence
Others who may listen, may get pleasure from this music
But us. . . ?
Your sound makes us so unhappy and disturbed

 

tu hai brij ki muraliyaa
hum hain brij ki naar
teen lok mein gaayi’e
bansi aur brij naar

O Eminent Flute of Brij
You are the One who is so dear to Him
And we are the simple milkmaids of Brij
May these stories be sung in the three worlds
The tales of the flute and the milkmaids

There is a small personal incident associated with this bhajan that I would like to share. A senior patriarch (not in this world now) in the extended family was a very spiritual and learned person and I have had the good fortune of sitting and listening from him one on one, many times. Once I took this bhajan with me to play it for him. He had never heard this one before. As the play reached the second stanza and the words came “bansi aur brij naar “, he uttered the words “Jai Ho” three times, and I looked at him and his eyes were streaming. A little later I asked him about it, and he replied – “Bansi Aur Brij Naar – there is nothing higher than this in Krishna Bhakti”.

This is a non film bhajan that was recorded way back in 1961. That is all the information that I have been able to gather. No names are listed for the songwriter and the composer of this bhajan. The 78 rpm record is Columbia label GE 39008.

I have heard this song from the days of radio listening while still at school. But now this bhajan seems to have been forgotten by the radio waves. I tried searching for this on line and was really amazed to locate pages where netizens are waiting for this song to be located and uploaded.

A very rare song now, uploaded today. Listen to this baritone sound of CH Atma’s voice from sixty years ago.

[Author’s Note: This series – ‘The Many Colors of Love’ got initiated 20th May, 2013, eight years and 4 days ago. It continued on through 2013, 14 and 15, and 29 episodes were published, the 29th coming online on 9th March, 2015. And then there was complete silence on this topic. Six years – that is too long a gap by any standards. There was a rare blip in 2019 when the 30th episode of this series got published on 20th March, 2019. However, that post, although very much within the theme of this series, came about more towards getting the songs of film ‘Bobby’ completed and getting that film Yippeee’d. And then again, another long silence.

Readers and friends have probably come to the conclusion that the series was more or less complete. But the truth is far from that. In the sequence in which I had laid out the ‘Colors of Love’, after having done the 29th episode, the next topic I come to on the list is ‘Love Divine’. Telling you all the truth, it is this topic that tied up my grey cells in a bind and dried up the juices of creativity. Whenever I used to think to start writing this episode, my mind would just sputter and stop working, not knowing where to make a start. The article that you are reading today is probably the 4th revamped and revised version that I have attempted over the years. And another truth from the heart, I am still not fully satisfied with what I have written. There are many branch avenues that I wanted to explore and write about, but all are not coming together at once. And of course, the length of the article itself has become somewhat daunting.

The series still has three or four more songs to go, more like closing remarks on the ‘Colors of Love’. But yes, this post is the one that has taken the most energy. In a way I am glad that I am finally ahead of this milestone. But as I said before, getting this version of this episode completed still leaves me with a discontentment – that there is more to it. Well, maybe some other posts and other songs that may help fill the gaps within my mind, in the days to come.

So yes, we move forward, and hopefully conclude soon the list of flavors that I had originally planned.]

 

Song – Ae Ri Baans Ki Baansuriya (NFS – CH Atma) (1961) Singer – CH Atma, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – [Unattributed]

Lyrics

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

bansi
bansi naam hai
kaahu dhareo sareer
taan taan ki dor su
khinchat hai mann mein
ari kshama kar muraliyaa
padi hain tere paayen
aur sukhi sun hot hain
maha dukhi hum hain
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

tu hai brij ki muraliyaa
hum hain brij ki naar
teen lok mein gaayi’e
bansi aur brij naar
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
अए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

बंसी
बंसी नाम है
काहू धरेयो सरीर
तान तान की डोर सूं
खींचत है मन में
अरी क्षमा कर मुरलिया
पड़ी हैं तेरे पाएँ
और सुखी सुन होत हैं
महा दुखी हम हा॰॰एं
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

तू है ब्रिज की मुरलिया
हम हैं ब्रिज की नार
तीन लोक में गाइए
बंसी और ब्रिज नार
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4683 Post No. : 16365

This post has been a long time in preparation. I was not able to concentrate on this one due to many reasons. The holy month of Ramadan is a factor in this, and also other things.

I will start with a happy news. I am happy to share that the almighty Allah (SWT) has blessed us with a grand daughter earlier this month. So that’s another degree under my belt i.e. of a grandmother. At the time of my daughter’s marriage, a dear friend gave me this idea of having a new degree i.e. of a mother-in-law. I like the concept of gradual increase in degrees, with these important and happy steps in life.

It is not as if the granddaughter has kept me so busy, the pandemic has deprived me of my being a hands-on-grandmother, so far. United Kingdom also put India under the red list w.e.f 23.04.2021, so we are stranded here till things improve and have to get darshan of the new family member on video calls. I had a visa ready when the UK government made the decision on the 20th of April. But with all those high net-worth people from India clamouring to enter UK before the deadline, we had no chance.

Now we reach the serious matter of the pandemic. When the first wave was still on in India in 2020, I heard from the relatives abroad, that no one believes the data coming out of india. I would tell them, there may be some discrepancies in figures, but if there are lines outside the hospitals, morgues, crematoria and graveyardes, like the visuals coming from USA and some European countries, it would be difficult to hide. I would say, mercifully we in India were spared from witnessing such situation, which the experts around the world were predicting for India. And the first wave was spaced out, so the caseload on the medical health infrastructure was by and large managed, which reduced the death toll, for daily, weekly and monthly figures. The medical fraternity and health workers around the world have been grappling with this once a century occurrence, for more than a year now and understandably, are exhausted, fatigued. They include doctors from my family in India and abroad. My sister’s son is a covid warrior currently working in a private hospital in Mumbai. My son also has worked in Covid war rooms established by the BMC in Mumbai.

But the second wave in 2021 has not been so merciful. The virus as we all know does not discriminate, all humans are equally susceptible to it. Only the daily reported death tolls are surpassing the worst case-scenarios predicted by the experts in 2020. Our data compilation abilities being what they are, the situation is grim, very grim especially in the north, Central and Eastern India. The southern states, and Maharashtra have coped well with the second wave. But this is no reason for triumphalism with the situation being what it is in the rest of the country.

All denials, prevarication, perception, need for positivity is besides the point. The costs of human lives being lost is always the highest. This has far surpassed any mass casualty events in the last 2 centuries. All the wars, genocides, the riots, terror attacks pale in comparison to the sheer nos. being affected. It is no exaggeration when it is said, that everyone among us has lost someone dear or knows someone who has. I have lost two near family members and know a few more people who have lost immediate family members.

I also know of some such instances where close members within a community have formed groups of volunteers of medicos and non-medicos, helping the people deal with the problems of sickness, getting medical advice and help, quarantine, and treatment and even final rites of family members if need be. One such group is actively helping people in Belgaum.

This is not the end of the story, as the virus is here to stay and keeps mutating in different ways. Frequent hand washing, social distancing and wearing a medical mask(properly) at all times, are the only ways of disease prevention. The developed countries of the world, with scientific temperament, have already dealt with their second wave, had well planned strategy for the vaccine roll out before the end of 2020. Some of these scientific minds working for the developed countries are of Indian origin, part of the brain drain over the last 50 years. Even then there is no shortage of virologists and epidemiologist in our country.

I have tried to keep abreast of the pandemic related news and happenings around the world also. So I was very happy to learn that the vaccine developed at Oxford University is to be manufactured by SII, Pune. I saw part of an interview that the SII CEO gave to a TV channel in a whatsapp forward in October 2020, where he talked about the manufacturing costs, capacity of the plant and his plans of stockpiling and exporting of the vaccine. I did comment, how this person needs to export vaccine, with the limited capacity of manufacturing the no. of units per month. This, despite the world’s second largest consumer market being at his doorstep. Presumably, he had export orders in hand, so was revealing his plans for export to the world market. He spoke out of assurance about his product and it being in demand the world over. I was able to see all this, and I am not an expert in anything.

Then in January 2021 after the vaccination drive began in India, I read a newspaper article analysing the vaccination process, which said that at the current rate of manufacture and vaccine administering, it will take close to 8 years to vaccinate the whole population. Now with the ramped-up production with the amount advance given by the Govt of India in April 2021, to both the vaccine manufacturers in India, it will still take around three years to vaccinate the 70-75% of indian population, required for herd immunity.

So it does not appear realistic to believe that the indian manufactured vaccines are going to suffice. Foreign vaccines are needed to increase the vaccination speed so that maximum population can be vaccinated in smaller frame of time.

I have also heard it said that we are a huge population. Yes we have a huge population, everyone knows it. If 50-60 % of the population can vote in a 2-3 phase elections all over the country, they can be vaccinated in 4-6 vaccinated in a similar way. It is a matter of priorities. If we prioritise public health, good education and quality of life for all, as the matter of utmost importance, then it is an achievable target. Remember, when we started in 1947, we were short of many things, even food shortages and femines were a regular occurrence. As we became sufficient in food requirements and other essentials basic needs in the late 80’s and 90’s, the focus should have shifted to next essentials such as health facilites and good affordable education. In 2006, while in a personal discussion with a few colleagues, I had elaborated this point in detail as to how the public imagination was hijacked from essential matters, and the country was kept to the level of what it was in the 90’s.

The world at large is worried to see the situation in India. The virus and Pandemic don’t respect borders. India is such a large economy that things going bad in India have repercussions for global economy. As I said in a post last year, where I wrote about the pandemic, it has negative impact on micro economics the world over, not affecting as such on the macro economic level. A part of such micro economic strata is within the indian middle class, of which appx. 10 crore people are said to have gone below poverty line in the last one year.

The month of Ramadan is coming to an end, today. The last 10 days of the month are for asking forgiveness from Allah (swt). The devout and the not so devout the world over have been asking for the mercy of Almighty and asking forgiveness of intentional and not intentional, sins, aberrations, bad conduct and deeds, even as small an act as hurting a soul.

The qawwali I am presenting is a 30 minute, long rendition in the traditional naatiya qawwali format. When I read the news of Farid Sabri of Sabri brothers(Jaipur)’s demise, I thought I would prepare a post of one of his qawwali’s. I tried, but could not find one a truly inspiring one. There is one filmy qawwali by him, which I have plans to post sometime.

Then suddenly the crisis of supply of medical oxygen was the big news, with that came the news that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is sending 80 MT of liquid oxygen to India to assist in the humanitarian crisis. The social media got flooded with clips of the news and this qawwali’s line in the background:

Har dard ki dawaa hai
Mohammed ke shehar mein

I have always known this qawwali, and it is famous one, but I had never seriously listened to it. When I found the qawwali rendition it was a later recording in a studio rendered by Aslam Sabri. Aslam Sabri seems to have sung songs/qawwali in a few films. I was not able to find any connection between him and the famous Sabri brothers of Pakistan, the first family of qawwal’s or to the Sabri brothers of Jaipur.

The qawwali is an expression of the great love and affection that followers of Islam have for the Prophet (pbuh). His beloved and loved city of Madinah and the Prophet’s masjid i. e. Masjid-e-Nabvi, is the focal point of this qawwali. In the extremities of these emotions, it is perhaps traditional or acceptable to go over the top or exaggerate beyond belief system.

About the two holy cities of Makkah and Madinah, the Harmain sharif, are the most visited sites on the face of this earth. At any given time through the year, these places are visited by 30 to 40 lakh people. The visitors arrive for ‘Umrah’ pilgrimage anytime in the year and ‘Hajj’ in the month of Zil-hajj. For the past 15 months, the govt. of Saudi Arabia, has stopped issuing Visa’s for the pilgrimages. This has caused a huge drop in business for the International Airline industry and hospitality industry. Any person connected with these business’s at the international or global level can verify the facts.

Only local citizens or may be expats are permitting to perform Hajj and Umrah. In the history it is the first time that devotees from other parts of the world could not perform Hajj in 2020. This year hopefully, the authorities will allow fully vaccinated people to perform Hajj 2021, while following the COVID protocol and SOP’s. I have visited the sites twice, but never in the month of Ramadan, which I have heard from those who have, is a special time to spend in Makkah and Madinah. It has been two low keys Ramadan’s now for these holy sites. We have been seeing photos and video’s of how the Harmain Sharif is observing the Covid protocols since last year, with very few people. Even the performing of the Salah(namaz) is with people standing 6 feet apart. The namaz in congregation is usually on the ‘fard’ for 2-5 minutes or longer, 10 minutes or so, if the longer surah is recited. In the Islamic faith, the believers stand shoulder to shoulder in a row. This signifies a basic tenet of Islam, where all humans are equal in eyes of Almighty.

Ek hi saff mein khade ho gaye mehmood-o-ayaz
Na koyi banda raha na koyi banda nawaaz

So said ‘Iqbal’, describing how the powerful and the weak of this world are standing shoulder to shoulder in a row for Salah.

This has been an example of how the religion of Islam adopts to the changing situations. The Hadith i. e. traditions of the Prophet(pbuh) also contain examples of how the protocol prescribed by the physicians at the time of spread of infectious diseases are to be followed at all costs. So that’s what the Harmain Sharif’s management and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, who are the custodians of the two holy Masajid, have done. This is the way followers of Islamic faith have tried to cope with the changed circumstances, the world over.

We in India, will be celebrating ‘Eid ul fitr’ on 14th of May, whereas the world over, in UK and Australia etc., it being observed on 13th of May, in accordance with the sighting of new moon in Saudi Arabia. The muslims of Kerela also follow the Gulf schedule. Now who ever has seen the world map or has a geographical sense of how the sun, moon and earth rotate and know that India lies in between the continent of Australia and Europe. This is because the Ulema’s in the many part of India have been very particular about following of the technicalities relating to the date and month, in the lunar calender. So we started Ramadhan a day later than most other parts of the world, also Eid is a day later.

Eid Mubarak everyone. May Allah (swt) keep all of us safe and healthy, in his hifz o amaan, and may he grant us the sa’adat of witnessing, praying in, and fasting in the next Ramadan.

Audio

Video

Song-Har dard ki dawaa hai Muhammad ke shahar mein (Haji Aslam Sabri qawwaali)(2014) Singer-Haji Aslam Sabri, MD-Md Tahir

Lyrics

ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
de re na
ae ae ae
aaaaa aaaaaaa
aaaaaa

jab mera jazb-e-junoon
auj ka zeena hogaa
jab mera jazb-e-junoon
auj ka zeena hogaa
phailne aur simatne ka
qareena hogaa

ya madine mein samaa jaayegi
saari ee ee duniyaa
ya aa aa zamaane mein madinaa hi madinaa hogaa

ya nabi aap ke
jalwon mein wo ra’anaayi hai
ya nabi aap ke
jalwon mein wo ra’anaayi hai
dekhne par bhi meri aankh
tamannaayi hai
haq ta’alaa bhi kareem
aur Muhammad bhi kareem
do kareemon ne gunaahgaar ki banaayi hai

Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
kyun aa ke ro rahaa hai
Muhommad ke shehar mein ae ae
kyun aa ke ro rahaa hai
Muhammad ke shehar mein ae ae
kyun aa ke ro rahaa hai
Muhommad ke shehar mein ae
har dard ki dawaa hai dawaa
har dard ki dawaa hai
Muhommad ke shehar mein
har dard ki dawaa hai
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

dukh dard-o-alam gham kat-te hain
dukh dard-o-alam gham kat-te hain
dukh dard-o-alam gham kat-te hain
hasnain ke sadqe bant-te hain
Muhommad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

Kuchh aisi bheed lag jaati hai
Shah-e-deen ke rauze par
Hawaa ko raasta mushkil se miltaa hai
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

aaa aaaa aa aa
ghamon se jab bhi tabeeyat
malool hoti hai
to shaad kaam banaam-e-rasool hoti hai
ho jis duaa mein Muhammad ka waasta shaamil
huzoor-e-haq wo yaqeenan qubool hoti hai ae ae
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

hawaayen bhi adab ke saathh chalti hain
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

haathh mein tasbeen baghal mein musallah
haathh mein tasbeen baghal mein musallah
lab pe jaari Allah Allah
lab pe jaari Allah Allah
kehti hui pahunchi bait-ul-llah
kehti hui pahunchi bait-ul-llah
aur pukaari aye mere Allah
aur pukaari aye mere Allah
tu gadha ko jo nawaaze
to shehenshah bane ae
aur yateemon ko jo chaahe ae ae
to payambar kar de
aye mere Allah

to awaaz aayi
pagli…
mere parde mein wehdat ke siwaa kya hai
ja jo tujhe lena hai le
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

Duaaon ma multaji hoon
yeh chaar misre jo pesh kar raha hoon
ye sun kar mere haq mein bhi duaa karen
ke aisa ho jaaye

mere baare mein kuchh
irshaad kiya jaayegaa aa
mere baare mein kuchh
irshaad kiya jaayegaa aa
dil-e-nashaad ko phir shaad kiya jaayegaa
main ye ummeed lagaaye huye
baithhaa hoon huzoor
ek baar aur mujhe yaad kiya jaayegaa
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein
Muhammad ke shehar mein

aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen aen
aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen aen
aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen aen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
haan chalo sar ke bal chalen en
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
chalo chaloo
sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen

waja pesh kar raha hoon
samaat farmaayen

wahaan sar jhukaate hain auliyaa
wahaan sar jhukaate hain auliyaa
wahaan sar jhukaate hain auliyaa
wahaan paaon rakhna rawaa nahin
chalo sar ke bal chalen ea
chalo sar ke bal chalen ea
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
naazaan hai jis pe husn
wo husn-e-rasool hai
yeh kehkashan to
aap ke qadmon ki dhool hai
ae reh rawaan-e-shauq
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen

begaana-e-irfaan ko
haqueeqat ki khabar kya
jo aap se waaqif na ho
wo ehl-e-nazar kya
manzoor-e-nazar kaun huaa
iss ki khabar kyaa
wo fazl pe aa jaaye to phir
a’iyb-o-hunar kya
kaamil ko dar-e-yaar ke sajdon se na roko o
qurbaan jahaan dil ho wahaan qeemat-e-sar kya
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen
chalo sar ke bal chalen

aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
aao gunaahgaaron
chalo sar ke bal chalen en
tauba ka dar khulaa hai
tauba ka dar khulaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
tauba ka dar khulaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
tauba ka dar khulaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
tauba ka dar khulaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein

qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa
qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa
qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa

Allama Iqbal ka nazraana-e-aqeedat
Sarkar ke
qadam-e-mubarak
ki roshni mein

teri nigaah se zarre bhi meher o maah bane
gadaaye besar-o-samaan jahaan panaah bane
huzoor hi ke karam ne mujhe tassalli di
huzoor hi mere gham pe meri panaah bane

zamaana vazdo kunaa ab bhi unn ke tauq mein hai ae

gaar-e-hira se muraad hai
zamaana vazdo kunaa ab bhi unn ke tauq mein hai
jo koh a dasht kabhi teri jalwaagaah bane
wahi maqaam muhobbat ki jalwaagaah bane
jahaan jahaan se wo guzre jahaan jahaan pahunche ae
qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa
qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa
qadmon ne unn ke khaak ko
kundan banaa diyaa aa aa
mitti bhi keemiyaa hai
mitti bhi keemiyaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
mitti bhi keemiyaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
mitti bhi keemiyaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
mitti bhi keemiyaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein

sadqaa lutaa raha hai
khudaa unn ke naam kaa aa
sadqaa lutaa raha hai
khudaa unn ke naam kaa aa
sadqaa lutaa raha hai
khudaa unn ke naam kaa aa
sonaa nikal rahaa hai
sonaa nikal rahaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
sonaa nikal rahaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
sonaa nikal rahaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein
sonaa nikal rahaa hai
Muhammed ke shehar mein

sab to jhuke hain
khaana-e-kaabaa ke saamne ae ae
sab to jhuke hain
khaana-e-kaabaa ke saamne ae ae
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

(maulana ahmed razzak allah barelvi rahmatullah ….ka nazraana e aqeedat
aur sufi bismil baba ?? hilaali ka nazraana e aqeedat jam kar raha hoon is misre par samaat farmaayen )

haajiyon aao shehnshaah ka rauza dekho
kaaba to dekh chuke kaabe ka kaabaa dekho oo
madinaa woh hai ke kaabaa bhi sajdaa kartaa hai ae
kaabaa khud taibaa ki jaanib jhuktaa lagta hai ae
kaabe ka kaaba sarkar ka rauza lagtaa hai ae
phool gulaab ka aap ke chehre jaisa lagta hai ae
aur chamaktaa chaand nabi ka talwa lagtaa hai ae
sab to jhuke hain
khaana-e-kaabaa ke saamne ae
sab to jhuke hain
khaana-e-kaabaa ke saamne ae
sab to jhuke hain
khaana-e-kaabaa ke saamne ae
kaabaa jhukaa huaa hai
kaaba jhukaa huaa hai
muhammed ke shehar mein
kaaba jhukaa huaa hai
muhammed ke shehar mein
kaaba jhukaa huaa hai
muhammed ke shehar mein
kaaba jhukaa huaa hai
muhammed ke shehar mein

aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa

saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee
saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi
aa aa aa aa aa
saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee ee

samaeen-e-ikram
Aslam sabri
ba-chashm-e-khud
dekh chuka hai

saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee ee
khinchaa kuchh
is niraali shaan se
naqsha Muhammad ka aa
ke naqqash-e-azal bhi hogayaa
shaidaa Muhammed kaa
koyi kya dekhtaa aks-e-qad-e-baala
Muhammed ka
Saraapa noor wo qaamat-e-zebaa
Muhammed ka
Isi ba’ayis nazar aata na thha
Saaya Muhammed ka aa
saaya nahin hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee ee
saaya nahin hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee ee

main tujhe a’alam-e-ashya’a mein bhi paa leta hoon
log kehte hain ke hai a’alam-e-baalaa teraa
ek baar aur bhi hazrat ne falasteen diyaa
raasta dekhti hai masjid-e-aqsaa teraa
poore qad se main khadaa hoon ye karam hai teraa
mujh ko jhukne nahin detaa hai sahaara teraa
log kehte hain ke saaya tere paikar ka na thha
main to kehtaa hoon jahaan bhar pe hai saaya teraa
yehaan tak shauq-e-deedar-e-nabi thha haq taalaa ko o
toone bhejaa yehan waan rakh liyaa saaya

saaya nahin hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee
saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi
saaya nahi hai gumbad-e-khizra ka aaj bhi ee
zindaa ye ma’ujzaa
ma’ujzaa
zindaa ye ma’ujzaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein ae
zindaa ye ma’ujzaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
zindaa ye ma’ujzaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
zindaa ye ma’ujzaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein

Dhoondha khuda ko dhoondhne
waalon ne har jagah
Dhoondha khuda ko dhoondhne
Waalon ne har jagah
Dhoondha khuda ko dhoondhne
waalon ne har jagah
lekin khudaa milaa hai milaa
lekin khuda milaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
lekin khudaa milaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
lekin khudaa milaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
lekin khudaa milaa hai
Muhammed ke Shehar mein

(hazraat
kuchh nayaa ashaar pesh kar raha hoon)

Khudaa azal se huaa aisa mubtala’a-e-rasool
Ke kaayenaat ko paida kiya baraa-e-rasool
Dilon ko bhaa gayi kuchh iss tarah adaa-e-rasool
Ke jaan-o-dil se sahaba huye fida-e-rasool
Dil-o-nigaah ki duniyaa pe aise chhaaye rasool
ke kaiynaat ki har shai mein jagmagaaye rasool
Agar huzoor na hote to kuchh nahin hotaa
Ye kaiynaat banaayi gayi baraa-e-rasool
Maloon jabeen pe basaaun main apni aankhon mein
Mile naseeb se mujh ko jo khaak-e-paa-e-rasool
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
Muhammed ke Shehar mein
Muhammed ke Shehar mein

(hazraat
sufi bismil baba ka ye nazraana jo aapne
peshtar suna
ye nazraana bhi unhin ne pesh kiya hai
Aslam Sabri ki aawaaz mein khuloosh(??) se sunen)

Baab-e-asar khula hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Maqbool har duaa hai Mohammed ke shehar mein
Khushiyon ka dar khula hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Kyun ghamzada khada hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

dhokha fareb
ye sher tavajjuh(??) ka aamil hai
jo log baargaahe risaalat mein haaziri ka ?? haasil kar chuke hain
wo gawaah hain
jo pesh kar rahaa hoon ??
Dhoka fareb jhoot dagha aur kalaam-e-bad
koyi na jaanta hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

behre salaam aate hain har dam malaaye kaa (??)
behre salaam aate hain har dam malaaye kaa (??)
behre salaam aate hain har dam malaaye kaa (??)
Jaari yeh silsilaa hai
Jaari yeh silsilaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Jaari yeh silsilaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Jaari yeh silsilaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Jaari yeh silsilaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

(samaat farmaayen
kuchh naye ashaar pesh kar rahaa hoon)

Har subaha khushnumaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Har shaam dilrubaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Dil ka sukoon
rooh ki taskeen
nazar ka noor,
Bikhra hua pada hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

(ye sher bahut pasand hai mujhe)

Allah re yeh masjid-e-nabwi ki raunaqen
Allah re yeh masjid-e-nabwi ki raunaqen
Jannat ka dar khula hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Har zakhm ke liye yehaan marham hai dastiyaab
Har zakhm ke liye yehaan marham hai dastiyaab
Har dard ki dawaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
balke yoon kahoon ki
Har zakhm ke liye yehan marham hai dastiyaab
Har dard khud dawaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Iss sar zameen ke khaar bhi phoolon se kam nahin
Kaanta bhi gulnuma hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Duniya mein uss ne dekh li jannat ba-chashm-e-khud
Jo reh ke aa gayaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

(agla sher sunen)

Shehar-e-nabi ki hadd ka ta’ayyun mahaal hai ae
Shehar-e-nabi ki hadd ka ta’ayyun mahaal hai ae
Shehar-e-nabi ki hadd ka ta’ayyun mahaal hai ae
A’alam basaa huaa hai
A’alam basaa huaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
A’alam basaa huaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
A’alam basaa huaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
A’alam basaa huaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

Be-parda sab ke saamne chamka khudaa ka noor
Abu jehl phir bhi dekh na paaya khudaa ka noor
Arsh-e-bareen se kam nahin taiba ki sar zameen
Khud jis ki god mein khud simat aaya khudaa ka noor
Taarif kya bayaan ho jamaal-e-rasool ki
Shakl-e-bashar mein wo hain saraapa khudaa ka noor

Ae raaz tu to hind mein maujood hai magar
Deen aa ke padh rahaa hai Mohammed ke shehar mein
Main kya kahoon ke kya hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Be-pardaa khud khudaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein

Aslam wo din bhi aaye ke sab log yeh kahen ea
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Aaaa aaaaaa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Aaaa aaaaaa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Aaaa aaaaaa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Aaaa aaaaaa
ni sa sa re sa
sa ni sa sa re sa
ni sa sa re sa
sa ni sa sa re sa
Aaaa aaaaaa
ni sa sa re sa
sa ni sa sa re sa
aa aa aa aani sa sa re sa
sa ni sa sa re sa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
ni sa re ma pa ni
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
pa ma pa ma re ma
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
sa re ni sa pa ni pa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
re sa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
yaa habeeb
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
ya mustafa
Bismil bhi jaa rahaa hai Mohammed ke Shehar mein
ya mustafa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4548 Post No. : 16128

Today, December 30, 2020 is 7th Remembrance Day of Lakshmi Shankar.

What a musical journey Lakshmi Shankar had in her career spreading over 7 decades! Her journey from a Bharatnataym dancer to Uday Shankar’s ballet dancer, an actress in a Tamil film, a playback singer in Hindi films, a Hindustani classical vocalist and as a catalyst in spreading the Hindustani classical music across the continents is unparalleled. And it is more so for a woman who had to cross the societal barrier. Lakshmi Shankar was really a woman of substance.

In 2009, 83-year-old Lakshmi Shankar received a Grammy Nomination for Best Traditional World Music Album. Although she could not make it to the final list, the Grammy nomination itself was a great event for a woman Hindustani classical vocalist in the Western music dominated award. The irony is that she never got the status of a celebrity in her own country. She did not get any ‘Padma’ awards from Government of India nor any award from Sangeet Academy – whether Central or State levels.

Lakshmi Shankar, was born as Mahalakshmi Sastri (16/06/1926- 30/12/2013) in Jamshedpur where her father Vaidyanath Sastri was employed in Tata Iron and Steel Company as a Chartered Accountant. He was a native of a village in Pudukkottai district. Her mother, Visalaksi was from Palghat (Palakkad) district – both districts being part of the then Madras Presidency. During Vaidyanath Sastri’s stay in Jamshedpur, Mahatma Gandhi made a number of visits to Jamshedpur. The result was that he became attracted to Gandhian ideology. Mahatma Gandhi picked him up to devote time for the upliftment of harijans. He left the job and shifted to Poona (Pune) in 1930 for the assigned work. His other family members, including Lakshmi Shankar, shifted to Madras (Chennai).

At the age of 8, Lakshmi was put under Guru Kandappa Pillai for learning Bharatnataym dance in Chennai. At the age of 11, she performed her arangetram in Bharatnatyam dance. At the age of 13, she joined Uday Shankar’s India Cultural Centre in Almora for training in fusion dances. During her stint in Almora, Lakshmi Shankar got married to Rajendra Shankar, (the next younger brother of Uday Shankar) who was 21 years older than her. Rajendra Shankar, with M.Sc. in Physics and Chemistry was working as a script writer and was handling publicity in Uday Shankar’s Dance Academy. During 1940-43, Lakshmi Shankar travelled across India as one of the dancers with Uday Shankar’s dance troupe. In 1944, Uday Shankar’s India Cultural Centre in Almora was closed down due to financial constraints.

Following the closure of Uday Shankar’s Dance Academy, Lakshmi Shankar with her husband and brother-in-law, Ravi Shankar came to Mumbai. Both the Shankar brothers got associated with Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA). While Rajendra Shankar joined Bombay Talkies (later Filmistan) as story and script writer, Ravi Shankar got his first assignment for scoring music for Chetan Anand’s ‘Neecha Nagar’ (1946) followed by K A Abbas’s ‘Dharti Ke Laal’ (1946). In the first film, Lakshmi Shankar sang for Kamini Kaushal a lullaby so na o nanhi so na. In ‘Dharti Ke Laal’ (1946), she sang beete ho sukh ke din aayee dukh ki ratiyaan.

With these two films, the musical collaboration of Lakshmi Shankar with her brother-in-law, Ravi Shankar started which continued until the latter’s death in December 2012.

Ravi Shankar and his other associates were disillusioned with IPTA as they were not given the freedom in creating the work of their respective fields. Ravi Shankar set up his own artists’ group in which his wife Annapurna Devi, sister-in-law, Lakshmi Shankar and his elder brother, Rajendra Shankar, Zohra Sehgal, Shanti Bardhan etc became the important part of this group.

It was around this time that Jawaharlal’s Nehru’s book ‘The Discovery of India’ (1946) was published and Ravi Shankar felt that this book was a good choice for adapting it as a ballet-cum-opera on the stage. He got the financial backing for the project from Indian National Theatre, the cultural wing of the Indian National Congress. While Ravi Shankar and Annapurna Devi took charge of the music, Rajendra Shankar wrote the script and looked after the production. Lakshmi Shankar and Sachin Shankar became the main dancers to be choreographed by Shanti Bardhan.

The premier of ‘The Discovery of India Ballet-Cum-Opera’ was held in New Delhi in April 1947 in the presence of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The premier of the ballet-cum-opera was highly successful. Later, it was staged at many prominent cities all over India because of which Lakshmi Shankar became a well-known dancer.

In 1948, while the ballet-cum-opera was still being staged, Lakshmi Shankar fell ill and was diagnosed as suffering from pleurisy affecting her lungs. She was taken back to her house in Chennai for recuperation. The doctor advised her to give up dancing as it would be too hard for her weak lungs. With this, her professional dancing career came to an end.

After a complete recovery from illness, Lakshmi Shankar returned to Mumbai where her husband was already working as a story and screenplay writer in Amiya Chakraborty’s film production company, ‘Mars & Movies’. [Lakshmi Shankar’s younger sister Kamala Sastri was married to Amiya Chakraborty in 1951]. In the absence of dancing, she thought of pursuing the playback singing career in films.

Post-illness, Lakshmi Shankar sang jingles in some advertising films and got a chance to sing a bhajan ‘in Aandhiyaan (1952). It was during her rehearsal of the song recording for the film ‘Mastaana’ (1954) when its music director, Madan Mohan advised her to learn Hindustani classical music as he felt that her voice was most suited for thumri singing. Though Lakshmi Shankar liked Hindustani classical music in instruments, she was not keen to become Hindustani classical vocalist.

It was because of Madan Mohan’s persistence that Lakshmi Shankar agreed to give a try. The next day, Madan Mohan came to her house with Ustad Abdul Rehman Khan of Patiala Gharana and with a harmonium. Madan Mohan played on harmonium and Ustad played on his swarmandal. Ustad’s one line of some bandish mesmerised Lakshmi Shankar so much that she resolved to learn Hindustani classical music as a vocalist from him.

Lakshmi Shankar completed her training in three years’ time. In January 1957, she gave her maiden performance at Entally Music Festival in Kolkata which was very much appreciated. With this success, she was invited to many music festivals all over India. She continued learning Hindustani classical music with Professor B R Deodhar and completed her Bachelor of Music degree under him. In the meanwhile, she occasionally sang for Hindi films as playback singer about 30 songs in 20 films from 1946 to 1974. In the Marathi film ‘Pativrata’ (1959), she had sung 2 thumris with Pandit Bhimsen Joshi.

In 1962-63, she got her first opportunity for a 4-month tour to the USA and Europe as a part of Uday Shankar’s group as a lead vocalist and the music director of the ballet orchestra. In 1968, Ravi Shankar organised the Festival of India in the USA in which she was again a lead vocalist along with many eminent musicians from India. In 1970, she travelled to Italy (Rome, Florence and Venice) and the Shiraz Festival in Iran for her solo performance as a vocalist.

Some of Lakshmi Shankar’s notable works included her cross collaborations with George Harrison in 1974. One of her collaborations with him was a Krishna song in English, ‘I am missing you’ which received good receptions in its live performance throughout the USA. This song made her well-known in the Western countries. The English song was written by Pandit Ravi Shankar. She also sang a couple of soulful bhajans in Attenborough’s Oscar winning film ‘Gandhi’ (1982) for which Ravi Shankar was the music director.

Lakshmi Shankar had been travelling quite often on her musical tours abroad either as a part of Pandit Ravi Shankar’s troupe or as a solo performer. For this reason, Lakshmi Shankar moved to the USA along with her family and took permanent residency near Los Angeles in 1984. She cut many discs in the USA and Europe besides India. Later in her life, she started teaching Hindustani classical music to American-Indians in her house in Simi Valley, California.

With the death of Pandit Ravi Shankar on December 11, 2012, Lakshmi Shankar’s collaborations with him of over 7 decades ended. It had started first as dancers in Uday Shankar’s academy in 1939, as a playback singer under his music direction in 1946, as a dancer in his ballet-cum-opera ‘Discovery of India’ in 1947-48 and both national and international collaboration from 1963 onwards with him. After Ravi Shankar’s death, Lakshmi Shankar’s health started deteriorating. Almost one year after her mentor’s death, Lakshmi Shankar passed away on December 30, 2013.

On the occasion of the 7th Remembrance Day of Lakshmi Shankar, I am presenting one of her popular non-film Krishna bhajans, ehi Muraare kunjavihaare (1979). She has rendered this bhajan in Raag Pahadi. Most of the on-line references have accredited this Sanskrit bhajan to Jayadeva. But a section of the listeners has pointed out that this bhajan is not found in Jayadeva’s Ashtapadi.

Lakshmi Shankar recorded this devotional song in the USA which became a part of a Long-Playing Record, ‘Lakshmi Shankar Sings Devotional Songs’ for ISCKKON Golden Avatar Productions in 1979 under the orchestration of L Subramaniam, a renowned violinist supported by Ustad Zakir Hussain on tabla. I feel that Lakshmi Shankar may have composed the tune herself. Later, sometime in the 1980s, she sang live on All India Radio/Doordarshan as part of the National Programme of Music. I personally like her live version because of the audio quality, the clarity of the words, the excellent tabla rhythm and the elaborations with which Lakshmi Shankar rendered the bhajan.

How could Lakshmi Shankar mesmerise her foreign audience with her bhajans? The answer is that she did with her emotive voice as evident in this bhajan.

—————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements:

1. ‘Poignant Song – The Life and Music of Lakshmi Shankar’ (2019) By Kavita Das.

2. An Interview with Lakshmi Shankar by Shreen Isal, June 2001 published in http://www.associationsargam.com

Audio Clip: (Record version)

Video Clip: (From live concert on AIR/Doordarshan)

Song-Ehi muraare kunjavihaare (Lakhmi Shankar NFS)(1979) Singer-Lakshmi Shankar

Lyrics (Based on record version)
[The equivalent lyrics are written based on the phonetics of Sanskrit stotram].

ehi muraare
ehi mura…are
ehi muraare kunjavihaa…re
ehi praṇata jana bandho
ehi muraare kunjavihaare
ehi praṇata jana bandho
hey Madhava madhumathana vareṇya
Keshava karuṇasindho

raasa nikunje gunjati niyatam
raasa nikunje gunjati niyatam
bhramarashatam kil kaanta aa
ehi nibhṛta pathapaantha..aa
tvamiha yaache darashandaanam
tvamiha yaache darashandaanam
he Madhusoodan shanta
ehi muraare kunjavihaare
ehi praṇata janabandho

nava neeraj dhara shyaamal sundara
nava neeraj dhara shyaamal sundara
chandra kusum ruchivesha
gopigaṇ hṛidayesha..aa
govardhana dhara vṛindaavanachara
govardhana dhara vṛindaavanachara
vanshīdhara paramesha
ehi muraare kunjavihaare
ehi praṇata janabandho

Raadharanjan kansaniṣhoodan
Raadharanjan kansaniṣoodan
praṇatistaavaka charaṇe
nikhila niraashraya sharaṇe
ehi Janaardana pitaambaradhara
ehi Janaardana pitaambaradhara
kunje mantharapavane..ae
ehi muraare
ehi muraare
ehi muraare kunja vihaare
ehi praṇata jana bandh..o
he Madhava madhu mathana vareṇya
Keshava karuṇa sindho

——————————————
English Translation (Source: http://www.kksongs.org )
——————————————

O killer of the demon Mura who roams in the gardens, come near.
O Mādhava, who is the friend of those who bow upon, who destroyed Madhu, who is desirable, who is Keshva and who is the ocean of compassion, come near.

Hundreds of shiny bumble-bees are continuously buzzing in the gardens of [our] transcendental mellows. O You, who beyond the paths of material standards, come near. We all are craving for the sight of You, O Madhusoodana, who is calm.

O You, who holds a new lotus, who is dark in complexion, who is beautiful, who is decorated with chandrakusuma, who rules the heart of group of Gopī, who held Govardhana, who roams in Vrindaavana, who holds a flute, who is the supreme ruler.

O who gives pleasure to Rādhaa, who destroyed Kamsa, who is complete. I am bowing into Your feet which is the shelter of the unsheltered.
O Janaardana, who has yellow robes, come close to me in this garden.


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 17000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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