Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘NFS’ Category


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5241 Post No. : 17238

Today we celebrate a combined anniversary of two singers. Two singers who were contemporary, two singers who were very good friends, two singers whose voices were considered almost similar. It is the birth anniversary of Geeta Dutt (nee Roy), and the remembrance day of Meena Kapoor.

23rd November – Geeta Ji was born in the year 1930 in Idilpur village (now in Bangladesh), into a zamindar family. In early 1940s, they moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata) and then to Bombay (now Mumbai) in mid 1940s.  The same date in 2017, Meena ji passed away in Kolkata, after some years of illness. She was in Delhi till 2003, the year when Anil Da (Anil Biswas) passed away, and then she moved to Kolkata.

Geeta ji started her singing career in 1945, with the film ‘Aadhaar’ under the music direction of SN Tripathi. Her last released film is ‘Anubhav’ from 1971, and then ‘Midnight’ from 1972, which remained unreleased.

Meena ji started her career in 1946. Two films with her playback singing were released that year – ‘Door Chalen’ under the music direction of KC Dey, and ‘Eight Days’ under the music direction of SD Burman. Her last singing assignment is recorded for the 1965 film ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’, with music by Anil Biswas.

As I thought of writing a combined post for these two singing ladies, I tried to search for a duet sung by them. As per the Geet Kosh, I am able to locate only three duets they have sung. Two of them are already posted here on our blog. The first one is from the film ‘Aadhi Raat’ (1950) – “Main Ne Balam Se Poochhaa Miloge Kahaan”, and the second one is from the film ‘Jalte Deep’ also from 1950 – “Aayi Milan Ki Raat Karo Meethhi Meethhi Baat”. The third duet listed in Geet Kosh is from 1951 film ‘Ghaayal’. The song is “Tera Kisi Pe Aaye Dil…”. This song is not yet posted on our blog. And for good reason. This song is not yet traceable in public domain. The funny thing is that the song on the ‘palat’ (other) side of the record (GE 8739) is very much available – “Dil Toota Hua, Pal Pal Tujhe Pukaare” (singer is Meena Kapoor) and also posted on our blog. But as I started inquiring yesterday evening from my trusted circle of collector friends, all of the replied that this song is somehow not yet available.

But then today late morning, I got information about two other duet songs of this pair, which was very heartening. Just as a side, film ‘Ghaayal’ of 1951 has one other song in which the voices of these two ladies appear. However, this one is a trio song accompanied by GM Durrani. It is a long song, on both sides of the record (no. GE8740) which means it is about 6 minutes long. I was actually preparing to use this trio song for today’s post, but then I got two responses from two dear friends, both sharing information about one duet song each. Very interesting development indeed.

First I got to see a message from dear Gajendra Khanna ji (Bengaluru based) in which he shared info about another duet song. This one is from the 1948 film ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (aka ‘Chaube ji’) and the song title is “Hum Jaan Gaye Jaan Gaye Jaan Gaye Ji”. The Geet Kosh does not list the singer names for this song. I tried to confirm this information, checking with another dear friend Zafar Bhai (based in Delhi-6), and he sent me the image of the record of this song. The reason that GK does not list the singer names is because the record itself does not carry these names. On checking back with Gajendra Ji, he shared with me the audio of the song, and said that the identification is based on the voices on the track. So we found another duet song.

And then almost immediately Zafar Bhai also responded with an additional song. This turns out to be a NFS duet, that makes it all the more rare. The fact that there are really very rare duet NFS songs (of any pair of singers), being able to locate one with these two voices, which have otherwise also not sung too many songs together, makes is rarer than rare.

I decided to go ahead with this NFS song, and dear Zafar Bhai immediately obliged by posting it on YouTube. All the additional delays that bring this post to almost 9 pm in the evening, are my doing. :D) :D)

The lyrics of this song are from the pen of Madhukar Rajasthani, an eminent poet of his time. Music is from the mind of Vedpal Verma, one of the lesser heard names in Hindi films, who has otherwise a notable portfolio of 70 songs from about a dozen films (this info is till 1980, and there may be more work done by this MD beyond 1980).

The song is a ‘bidaai’ song. A hoary tradition of this land – a song that is sung to bid farewell to a new bride as she starts her journey to a new home, a new family and a new life partner. The words are so wonderfully appropriate. My identification of the voices is that the first stanza is in the voice of Geeta ji and the second stanza is in the voice of Meena ji. I may be wrong, as I am not a good judge of voices. The record label unmistakably carries both names. In case my identification is in error, please let me know and I will make necessary changes.

In the beginning of the song there are a few lines that have been recited by an unidentified male voice. Could it be the poet himself? I cannot say.

Two very beautiful voices, and two very beautiful ladies. Good friends, but singing together only occasionally. Enjoy this very rare treat of an NFS duet song, with lots of thanks to Zafar Bhai for making my day.

 

Song – Jaa Ri Laadli Apne Ghar Ko (NFS) (1952) Singer – Geeta Roy (Dutt), Meena Kapoor, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, MD – Vedpal Verma

Lyrics

kaisa milan ye kaisa bichhudna
kaisa milan ye kaisa bichhudna
kaisi jag ki reet re
kaisi jag ki reet
de di bida mohe hanste hanste
de di bida mohe hanste hanste
kaise hain ye meet
goonj raha kaanon mein ab tak
wahi vidaai geet
ja ri laadli apne ghar ko
yaad hamaari karna
saath tumhaare meri duaaen
phoolo phalo khush rehna
ja ri laadli

oo oo oooo
bachpan ke sab sangi saathi
bachpan ke sab sangi saathi
bhulat naahin bhulaaye
man chhoda babul ki nagri
man chhoda babul ki nagri
tan doli mein jaaye
tan doli mein jaaye
door kahin wo le ke bansi
baar baar ye gaaye
ja ri laadli apne ghar ko
yaad hamaari karna
saath tumhaare meri duaaen
phoolo phalo khush rehna
ja ri laadli

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

कैसा मिलन ये कैसा बिछुड़ना
कैसा मिलन ये कैसा बिछुड़ना
कैसी जग की रीत रे
कैसी जग की रीत
दे दी बिदा मोहे हँसते हँसते
दे दी बिदा मोहे हँसते हँसते
कैसे हैं ये मीत
गूंज रहा कानों में अब तक
वही विदाई गीत
जा री लाड़ली अपने घर को
याद हमारी करना
साथ तुम्हारे मेरी दुआएं
फूलो फलो खुश रहना
जा री लाड़ली

ओ ओ ओ
बचपन के सब संगी साथी
बचपन के सब संगी साथी
भूलत नहीं भुलाए
मन छोड़ा बाबुल की नगरी
मन छोड़ा बाबुल की नगरी
तन डोली में जाये
तन डोली में जाये
दूर कहीं वो ले के बांसुरी
बार बार ये गाये
जा री लाड़ली अपने घर को
याद हमारी करना
साथ तुम्हारे मेरी दुआएं
फूलो फलो खुश रहना
जा री लाड़ली


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5149 Post No. : 17112 Movie Count :

4618

The years 1980s and 90s were the golden period of TV serials which used to be telecast on National Doordarshan Channel.  The TV Serials of these period might have been lacking in technical specs as compared with that of the current TV serials. But what made these Doordarshan serials very popular was that they were mostly based on down to earth story lines, the good directions, the good performances of the lead and supporting actors and above all the absence of the present TRP dominated TV industry. These factors have made the TV serials of yore unforgettable for most of the the viewers including me. And the proof is that most of these serials had repeat telecasts on a number of times keeping in view the response from the viewers.

Apart from ‘Ramayan’ and ‘Mahabharat’ TV serials which I had watched in my middle-aged years, I had, more or less, regularly watched TV serials like ‘Hum Log’ (1984), ‘Ye Jo Hai Zindagi’ (1984), ‘Karamchand’ (1985), ‘Buniyaad’ (1986), ‘Nukkad’ (1986), ‘Wagle Ki Duniya’ (1988), ‘Gul Gulshan Gulfaam’ (1991), ‘Dekh Bhai Dekh’ (1993), ‘Byomkesh Bakshi’ (1993), ‘Farmaan’ (1994) and ‘Shriman Shrimati’ (1994) etc. For me, watching these serials now on the video sharing platforms, is like reliving my old memories. Those were the days when almost entire family members would sit together in a single room to watch their favorite TV Serials.

‘Farmaan’ (1994) was one of the TV serials of the golden period which I had watched on the TV without missing any of the 14 episodes. The story of the serial was based on the Urdu novel ‘Alampanah’ written by the well-known Urdu writer-poet, Rafia Manzoorul Amin (1930-2008) on the Nawabi culture of Hyderabad which has changed after 1947 and the financial challenges they faced. The serial was produced by Gul Anand for Doordarshan who, apart from producing mainstream Bollywood films, had also produced some off-beat Hindi films such as ‘Khatta-Meetha’ (1978), ‘Chasm-e-Buddoor’ (1981) and ‘Chatran’ (1988). Lekh Tandon who had directed box office successful films like ‘Professor’ (1962), ‘Amrapali’ (1966), ‘Jhuk Gaya Aasmaan’ (1968), ‘Prince’ (1969), ‘Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye’ (1977), ‘Agar Tum Na Hote’ (1983) among others, directed this TV serial. This was Lekh Tandon’s 4th TV Serials for Doordarshan, the first being ‘Dil Dariya’ (1988) in which he gave Shahrukh Khan his first break as an actor.

Recently, I watched 11 of the 14 episodes of ‘Farmaan’ on a video sharing platform which were uploaded by Prasaar Bharati after re-mastering the VHS tapes of the serial. I watched the remaining 3 episodes in an old video format with less than average audio and video quality. The main cast of ‘Farmaan’ includes Kanwaljit Singh, Deepika Deshpande, Vineeta Malik, Raja Bundela, Navin Nischol, Kalpana Iyer, Neha Sharad, Savita Bajaj etc. In addition, there were about a dozen actors from Hyderabad who played the subsidiary roles in the serial.

The story starts with 23-year old Aiman Shahab (Deepika Deshpande) getting down from the train at Begumpet railway station and proceeding to a Nawabi Palace in a cycle-rickshaw for an interview with Badi Sarkar (Vineeta Malik), a widow and the  matriarch of the royal family who is looking for an English knowing Assistant to help her in day-to-day work. She is selected and provided accommodation in the Palace. Azar Nawab (Kanwaljit Singh), the only son of Badi Sarkar looks after the business interest of the family. Other occupants of the Palace Estate are – Tasneem Pasha (Kalpana Iyer), the step sister of Badi Sarkar and a widow; Shahana (Neha Sharad), daughter of Tanseem Pasha; and Basharat Nawab (Raja Bundela). They are financially dependent on Badi Sarkar and mostly while away their time in a care-free manner. Both Tasneem Pasha and her daughter, Shahana have a close friend, Mukhtar Nawab who is disliked by Badi Sarkar because he was the person who induced her husband, Bade Nawab to gambling and lost a lot of money. Waqar Chand (Navin Nischol), the younger brother of Bade Nawab stays in a separate cottage within the Palace Estate. Waqar had been ordered by Bade Nawab not to visit the Palace because he had chosen the profession as an artist. But the actual reason is quite different – he was in love with Badi Sarkar before she got married to Bade Nawab. Waqar Chand also does not want any one to visit his cottage and stays as a recluse bachelor doing painting as his hobby, away from the family of Badi Sarkar.

Over a period of time, Aiman Shahab who was looking timid and unsure of her self confidence in an alien atmosphere, develops friendship with the care-free Basharat Nawab who become her informal guide for the city tour. Everyone in the Palace and in the office like her. Aiman has become indispensable for Badi Sarkar. However, she has problems with Azar Nawab. Her very first encounter with him in a wedding function where he behaves as a predator by forcefully embracing her, develops hatred for him. Her second encounter with him is also not good when he objects and pushes her out for using his estate for her hobby of doing some paintings which she was encouraged to pursue by none other than Waqar Chand. This trend continues for most of the part of the serial whenever they meet each other – professionally or personally. In fact, the aim of Azar Nawab in finding faults with Aiman and passing sarcastic comments seems to reminds her that after all she is sub-servient to Badi Sarkar and to him. But Aiman also gives back her responses to Azar in the same tone to keep him in check.

But behind the façade of the egoism, ruthlessness and sarcasm, Azar Nawab has developed a soft corner for Aiman without she being aware of it. Over a period of time, she also gets impression that inwardly, he is a good human being based on a couple of incidents. For instance, Azar takes out his jeep to follow Aiman to pick her up when he comes to know that she has gone for a walk to the forest area which is infested with wild animals. The second time, when she gets a surprise gift from Azar in which she finds a photo frame of her childhood picture with her deceased parents when he comes to know that  Aiman had lost her mother when she was a child and her father when she was in college. Azar had made an all out efforts to get that picture for her from Bengaluru where she was staying with her aunt before taking the present assignment in Hyderabad. Their confrontational attitudes develop into a subtle romance.

After the death of Waqar Chand, Aiman visits Azar Nawab’s office and hands over her resignation from the employment as she did not wish to work in the palace which is embroiled with some unpleasant happenings in the past. As usual, Azar Nawab gets rude with her but later cools down when he comes to know that she has no man in her life including Basharat Nawab. He embraces her not as a predator but as a genuine lover. He asks  her whether she loves him too for which she nods in agreement. And the serial ends with this scene.

In line with the story and the time period (post-independence period), director Lekh Tandon chose Hyderabad for major shootings and selected the actual royal palace and the cottage without much of grandeur to lend the reality of the situation for royal families in the post-1947 scenario. Some shooting was also done at Dandeli in Karnataka to cover Azar Nawab’s business interest in timber.  The costumes for the main actors were designed by Rafia Manzoorul Amin, the author of the novel, ‘Alampanah’ who kept them very simple. All the main actors had only the light make-up. This simplicity lent credence to the characters in the serial. All the main actors gave fine performances. The sleek direction which avoided overdoing romance and melodrama and the tight editing gave the serial the repeat value for viewers.

‘Farmaan’ (1994) has 6 songs including the title song, details of which are as under:

  1. Har dil ko sunaate hain farmaan muhabbat kaa – Bhupendar Singh, L: K Razdan, MD: Kishore Desai
  2. Piya baaz pyaala piya jaaye na – Khan Ather, L: Quli Qutab Shah, MD: Khan Ather
  3. Rehte rehte chup jhagadna haay re – Khan Ather, L: Unknown, MD: Khan Ather
  4. Yaad bole to takiye mein gajre ki baas – Khan Ather, L: Sulaiman Khateeb, MD: Khan Ather
  5. Bujh gaya dil mera – Khan Ather, L: Unknown. MD: Khan Ather
  6. Iss bazm ki thhodi si mehak – Warsi Brothers, L: Unknown, MD: Khan Ather

I liked all the songs of ‘Farmaan’ which fit very well in the story situations. Since I have to choose only one song for the presentation,  I have selected  the song, “Yaad Bole ToTakiye Mein Gajre Ki Baas”. It is written by a well-known Dakkhini shayar, Sulaiman Khateeb (1942-1978) who has used some beautiful metaphors for ‘yaad’ (memory) in simple words.

The song is rendered by Amir Mohammed Khan Ather (1953 -13/12/2020), popularly known as Khan Ather) who had also composed music for the song. He was a well-known Hyderabad-based ghazal singer and a die-hard fan of Mohammed Rafi. Since Rafi’s death on July 31, 1980, Khan Ather would pay tributes to the him every year on July 31st by organizing ‘Yaad-E-Rafi’ concerts in which he would sing songs rendered by Rafi Sahab.

 

Song – Yaad Bole To Takiye Mein Gajre Ki Baas (Farmaan)(TV) (1994) Singer – Amir Mohammed Khan Ather, Lyrics – Sulaiman Khateeb, MD – Amir Mohammed Khan Ather

Lyrics

yaad bole to
yaad bole to
yaad bole to takiye mein gajre ki baas
yaad bole to
yaad bole to
yaad bole to takiye mein gajre ki baas
yaad bole to
yaad bole to
jaise kewade ka kaanta kaleje ke paas
yaad bole to
yaad bole to

yaad bole to bachpan mein chhode so gaaon
jaise panghat ke paani mein Radha ki chhaaon
yaad bole to khaali diwaane ka khwaab
ek bachche kaa jaise adhoora jawaab

yaad bole to palkaan po aansoo ki loat
kaale baadal po chaandi ki chamkili goat
yaad rote so aankhiaan mein gori ka roop
jaise padte so paani mein halki si dhoop

yaad bole to aansoo ki tooti ladi
ghup andhaare mein chhooti huyi phooljhadi
yaad bole to juhi ki khilti kali
sote baalak ke honthon po jaise hansi

yaad bole to akhiyaan jhukaane ka naam
ek naqsha bana ko mitaane kaa naam
yaad bole to dil mein chhupaane ki baat
chup zara soch ko muskuraane ki baat
chup zara soch ko muskuraane ki baat

yaad bole to
yaad bole to
yaad bole to
yaad bole to

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो तकिये में गजरे की बास
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो तकिये में गजरे की बास
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो
जैसे केवड़े का काँटा कलेजे के पास
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो

याद बोले तो बचपन में छोड़े सो गौं
जैसे पनघट के पानी में राधा की छौं
याद बोले तो खाली दीवाने का ख़्वाब
एक बच्चे का जैसे अधूरा जवाब

याद बोले तो पलकां पो आँसू की लोट
काले बादल पो चांदी की चमकीली गोट
याद रोते सो आँखों में गोरी का रूप
जैसे पड़ते सो पानी में हल्की सी धूप

याद बोले तो आँसू की टूटी लड़ी
घुप अंधारे में छूटी हुई फुलझड़ी
याद बोले तो जुही की खिलती काली
सोते बालक के होंठों पे जैसे हंसी

याद बोले तो अखियाँ झुकाने का नाम
एक नक़्शा बना को मिटाने का नाम
याद बोले तो दिल में छुपाने की बात
चुप ज़रा सोच को मुस्कुराने की बात
चुप ज़रा सोच को मुस्कुराने की बात

याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो
याद बोले तो

Translation of some Dakkhini words used in the song

baas – बास : Fragrance

khaali – खाली : Only

loat – लोट : Stream

goat – गोट : Embroidery

padte so paani – पड़ते सो पानी : Falling water (Rain)

ghup – घुप : dark


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5141 Post No. : 17101

Greetings to all the readers of the Blog on the occasion of आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव on the 75th Year of Independence of India today, August 15, 2022. Independence Day is the reminder to all of us about the sacrifices a large number of Indians made during the freedom struggle to achieve independence on August 15, 1947. Thanks to the history books, the present generation is aware of the sacrifices for the independence struggle, made by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and many more. But lets us not forget to remember hundreds of other freedom fighters whose sacrifices, by and large, remained in anonymity. One such name which I came to know recently was that of Vidyadhari Bai, a tawaif (courtesan) who, apart from composing and singing patriotic songs in her musical performances, she also provided financial and logistic support to freedom fighters.

A few months back, I had purchased Amritlal Nagar’s Hindi book ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) which gives an account of the life of some courtesans of the early 20th Century. In this book, there is a chapter on Vidyadhari Bai of Jesuri in Chandauli block of the then Banaras district. There is also an addenda chapter which gives an account of Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with some courtesans of Banaras sometime in 1921 during which he advised Vidyadhari Bai to sing nationalist songs while giving her musical performances in big cities and in princely states. Accordingly, she wrote and rendered some patriotic songs in all her concerts. The courtesans of Banaras formed a Tawaif Sabha to support the independence struggle. Husna Bai, one of the prominent courtesans of Banaras chaired the meeting of the Sabha during which she acknowledged that it was at the initiative of Vidyadhari Bai that Tawaif Sabha was formed.

Saba Dewan’s recent book ‘Tawaifnama’ (2019), more or less, confirms that Vidyadhari Bai organised a series of smaller meetings at her home to enthuse other courtesans to the cause of the non-cooperation movement. She was joined in these efforts by another courtesan, Sultana who too had been closely tracking the unfolding political scenario. Both of them prevailed upon Husna Bai to call a meeting of the entire community to work out the details of the agenda. Tawaifs, who actively participated in the mutiny of 1857, would once again have to come forward and contribute their bit to the nationalist cause. This was not just their duty as daughters of India but also the need of the hour if they did not wish to be consigned to the dustbin of history. They also felt that times were changing and tawaifs too would have to keep pace with fast-changing social and political scenarios in India.

Vidyadhari Bai was a contemporary of Gauhar Jaan. She was born in Jesuri village in present Chandauli district. Her grandfather, Purushottam Rai was a musician. There is confusion as to which year she was born – 1874 or 1881? She got musical training from Pandit Ram Sumeru Mishra, a Sarangi player and later from Ustad Naseer Khan of Darbhanga. She started singing in her early teens with Jayadev’s poems. With this, she became so famous that she started getting invitations from royal courts all over India for her concerts. She became the court singer in the court of Raja of Banaras. She excelled in khayaal, taraana, thumri, dadra, tappa, ghazal and bhajans. It is said that her singing voice was so mesmerizing that even the passer-by would be tempted to attend her concerts. She was so popular that in her concerts, to witness her performances, a large number of people were perforce standing in the back due to shortage of space for sitting. Besides Hindi and Urdu, she was a proficient singer in Marathi, Gujarati, Bangla and Punjabi languages.

Vidyadhari Bai was a fashion icon for the ladies of the royal and landlords’ families. However, after Mahatma Gandhi’s call to shun foreign goods, she stopped wearing jewelries and imported cloth. In all her concerts, she would render at least one patriotic song. Probably, she was the first courtesan to perform mujra by singing patriotic songs.

In her native village, Jesuri, Vidyadhari Bai had constructed a one-story bungalow with some out-houses which became the perfect hideout for freedom fighters to avoid arrest from the British police. During this period, she used to provide financial assistance to them besides regularly donating some part of her income for the cause of India’s freedom movements.

In the early 1940s, probably when the old age had caught up with Vidyadhari Bai and with the decline of the tawaif system, she returned to Jesuri and stayed in her house with her brother’s family. Since she used to donate a large part of her earnings for the cause of freedom movements and also help financially the freedom fighters’ families, she did not have much savings during the latter part of her life. During this period, she started teaching musical lessons to students free of charge.

Vidyadhari Bai had a premonition that her end was near. So, she shifted to Mukti Bhavan in Banaras on May 9, 1971. On the very next day, May 10, 1971, she breathed her last in her 90s, unsung and in anonymity. As per her own submission, she did not get any recognition or honor from the Government.

As mentioned earlier, Amritlal Nagar’s ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) included a letter from Vidyadhari Bai about her meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in Banaras. She wrote in the letter that on his suggestion, some courtesans had decided to start their musical performances with renditions of nationalist songs. Lyrics of one such song written and sung by her, “Chun Chun Ke Phool Le Lo” was included in the letter. She said in the letter that she rendered this song in all her performances despite the presence of policemen from the police stations of the areas of her performances for keeping a close watch on the visitors. The song lives on today – it was included in Hindustani classical singer Shubha Mudgal’s album, ‘Swadheenta Samar Geet’ (2008), a collection of songs from the freedom movement.

On the occasion of the 75th Independence Day, I am presenting the same song rendered by Shubha Mudgal. The music was composed by her husband, Aneesh Pradhan. While composing the song, he has used mainly harmonium and tabla probably to give a feel of the period during which Vidyadhari Bai had rendered this song. In 2011, the couple collaborated with theater director Sunil Shanbhag on a musical drama ‘Stories in a Song’, one episode of which recreated Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with the courtesans of Tawaif Sabha.

This song takes us back to more than a century to recreate a part of the history of India’s freedom movements.

————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements: In addition to the books I mentioned in my article, I am also thankful to ‘Sureele Dinon Ki Daastan’ and Dr. Manish Kumar Mishra for their videos on Vidyadhari Bai which gave some useful additional information on her.

Audio Clip:

Song-Chun chun ke phool le lo (Shubha Mudgal NFS)(2008) Singer-Shubha Mudgal, Lyrics-Vidyadhari Bai, MD-Aneesh Pradhan

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aa aa aa aa aaaa

chun chun ke phool le lo o o….o
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye

aa aa aa aaaaa aa aaaa
ye wo chaman nahi hai….ai ae ae
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye…..ae
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aaa
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aa
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….o

Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana….aaaaaaa aa
Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana..aa
khoon khaulne laga hai….ai ae
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana..aa
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
aa aa aaaaa
parwaah ab kise hai…ai ae
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
ik khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
ek khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….ooo
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo………o

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ

चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये

आ आ आ आsss आ आsss
ये वो चमन नहीं है॰॰ऐ
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये॰॰ए
आ आ आ आsssss आ
आ आ आ आsssss आ
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ

भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना आ आ
भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना॰॰आ
खूँ खौलने लगा है॰॰ऐ
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा॰॰आ
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना

आ आ आssss
परवाह अब किसे है॰॰ऐ
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना

ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5107 Post No. : 17048

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS), sung by Jagmohan Bakshi.

In the field of NFS (Non-Film Song), most people know about Jagmohan Sursagar but very few would know about Jagmohan Bakshi. At Least I have come across only this NFS song by Bakshi so far and that too thanks to record collector Zafar Bhai who has uploaded this song. Music lovers, by now, know Zafar Bhai as one who has been uploading some rare songs from obscure and famous films, as well as a few NFS too. We, in ASAD, know him as a friend of our friend Sudhir ji.

Jagmohan Bakshi was one of the partners of Sapan-Jagmohan pair of Music Directors. We all are used to knowing and seeing MD Pairs. Nothing new about it. In Fact, ask any music lover ” who was the first pair of Music Directors ? ” and pat will come the answer ” Husnlal- Bhagatram”. Some knowledgeable lovers may even add, their first film was Prabhat’s ‘Chaand’-1944. But then is it true ? Were they the first ever pair of Music Directors in Hindi films ?

Friends, let me say that generally half knowledge or even doctored knowledge forces certain matters like facts, but when reality is discovered, it is proved otherwise. For lack of proper documentation, Hindi film history has several Grey areas still. As and when credible evidence crops up, we have to revise the ‘ Historical’ facts carried on so far. The latest example of this is – for several years we knew that the Music Director for the film ” Pamposh”-1953 was Manoharlal Khanna. The recent research done by RMIM on this has dug up irrefutable proof the real Music Director of film Pamposh-1953 was Mohanlal Aima and NOT Manoharlal Khanna !

Similarly, the real singers of ‘ Bharat ki ek sannari ki’ (Ram Rajya-1943) and the singer of ‘ Dilli se aaya Bhai Tingu’ (Ek thi Ladki-1949) were also found by convincing proof. It happens. That is why I always say ‘ Film History is not permanent. It gets revised whenever new documents are unearthed ‘. There are umpteen examples to prove this statement right.

Coming back to First Music Director Pairs, I have discovered, rather dug up certain facts. Generally it is considered that Husnlal- Bhagatram was the first pair of composers or at least they started the trend. However, it is NOT true, really. In the early era, when the Talkie films started in 1931, as early as 1932 itself a pair of 2 composers worked for a film- Indrasabha-1932, which had a record 71 songs. Composer Vazir Khan made the tunes and composer Nagardas Nayak played them on Harmonium.Though only Nagardas Nayak’s name is mentioned as its Music Director, HFGK has put up a footnote giving this information, quoting the name of composer Fida Hussain. OK, forget them.

Rewashankar Marwadi and Gangaprasad Pathak gave music together for Gunsundari- 1934 as well as the film Raat ki Raani-35. Forget them also. Rewashankar Marwadi then made a pucca pair with composer Banne Khan and this pair gave music to 12 films, as a pair. ( Barrister’s wife-35, College girl-35, Qeemati aansoo-35, Noor-e-watan-35, Chalaak chor-36, Raj Ramani-36, Dil ka daaku-36, Sipahi ki sajani-36, Matlabi Duniya-36, Lehri lala-36, Ghazi Diler-36 and Mitti ka putla-37 ). In my opinion, they should be considered the first pair of Music Directors as well as Trend setters and NOT Husnlal-Bhagatram. Of course the number of films the Husnlal Bhagatram team did was more ( 52), but that is because after 1935, the speed of making films increased. More films were made in the 40s and the 50s than in the 30s. Moreover many composers left for Pakistan in the late 40s, so more films for less composers were available.

In the period 1931 to 1940, a total of 931 Hindi films were made, in 1941 to 1950…a total of 1236 films and in 1951 to 1960…a total of 1203 Hindi films were made. (stats by Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji).

So, that’s about the first Music Director pair. There are plenty of cases of Music Director Pairs. These pairs are made for various reasons like…
1. Permanent professional pairs like Shankar Jaikishan, Laxmikant Pyarelal, Kalyanji Anandji etc
2. Temporary like Lala-Sattar
3. Due to the exit of 1 Music Director- like some films of Sajjad Hussain
4.Accidental or only once like Frank-Rai or Lala-Asar-Sattar or C Ramchandra-Anil Biswas etc etc.

The pair of Sapan-Jagmohan was also a permanent professional pair. Actually, Jagmohan had come to Hindi films to become a singer, but like many such aspirants, instead, became a Music Director. Jagmohan Bakshi was born in Murrie in Punjab on 29-7 1929.Love of singing and music brought him to Bombay where he met a similar struggler Sapan Sengupta (born on 17-7-1932 at Sylhet in Bengal). One was from Pakistan -west and the other was from Pakistan -East. They became friends and shared a room in a Goregaon Chawl. They regularly sang in the chorus and had dreams of becoming MDs one day ! This pair was favoured by Naashaad, S D Burman and Salil Chaudhari.

Finally S D Burman gave Jagmohan Bakshi a chance to sing a duet with Asha Bhosle, in the film Taxi Driver-1954. The song became popular-‘ Dekho mane nahi roothi haseena,na jaane kya baat hai’. Still no offers came forth. He sang in Hamlet-54,a duet with Rafi. He sang his final and third trio with Lata and Usha in ‘Piya Milan’-1958. In his lifetime Jagmohan Bakshi sang only these three songs-no solo in them.

Later he formed a pair with Sapan as Sapan-Jagmohan and as MD gave music to their first film-Begaana-1963. This pair gave music to 43 films,mostly B and C grade obscure movies.

Jagmohan Bakshi died on 26-2-1999.

Today’s NFS is sung by Jagmohan Bakshi, but even here he is not singing solo, the chorus is with him. The music was provided by Ramesh Naidu. The only other ” Naidu ‘ ( a caste in Andhra pradesh) was Vasant Kumar Naidu in Hindi films. During the period of 1950’s and the 1960’s, one could see many South Indian Music Directors in Hindi films. They were seen mainly in dubbed or Remade films. You may find names like C R Subramanyam, Ghantasala, Balkrishna Kalla, S D Parthasarathy, R Sudarshanam, Adi Narayan Rao, Vishwanath-Rammurthy, T G Lingappa, C S Ragi, Gopal Rao, Umapati Seel, Ramnath, S Hari Darshan etc etc.

Pasupuleti Ramesh Naidu (Born 18-10-1933,Died 2-9-2005) was born in Kondapalli in Krishna District (Andhra Pradesh). He was so obsessed with music that he ran away and landed in Bombay when he was 14 year old. B R Chopra took him under his wings and Ramesh learnt Instrumentation and orchestration in HMV at Bombay. He started his music career at the age of 17 years with a Marathi film ” Bhandawal Paahije “-1950, produced, Directed and acted by Kishore Sahu. After a few years he went back to Andhra and got married. He got a son also and then he came to Bombay, on his way to Calcutta. he spent 10 years there giving music to Bangla, Oriya and Nepali films.

He was invited to Madras and he gave music to Amma mata-72. He settled there with his family. He gave music in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada films. He came to Bombay from time to time to give music to Dubbed and Remade films from the South. He also gave music in a few Bhojpuri films. His Hindi films were Hamlet-54, Jay Simha-54, Piya Milan-58, Nartaki Chitra-65, Ganga Bhavani-79, Azaadi ki Oar-86,and Hum bhi kuch kam nahin-1983. His first south film was Dampatyam-57 and last was Ish Gup chup-1993. He surpassed Salil Chaudhari by giving music in 10 Indian languages( Salil da gave music in 9 ). Ramesh Naidu got the National Award for the film ‘Megh Sandesham’.

Naidu left this world on 2-9-2005, at Hyderabad.

Now, let us enjoy today’s NFS sung by Jagmohan Bakshi.


Song- Ghir ghir aaye kaale baadal (Jagmohan Bakshi NFS)(1960) Singer-Jagmohan Bakshi, Lyricist- Akhtar Romani, Music- Ramesh Naidu
Jagmohan Sursagar + Chorus
chorus

Lyrics

Neel gagan per jhoomte ae ae
aaye dekho
kaale baadal l l
birhan ko
sandes milan ka aa aa aa
de matwaale baadal

dharti aur aakaash pukaare
saawan aaya hamre dwaare
jaage jaage bhaag hamaare
chaaron oar machi hai halchal l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal

sookhi dharti pyaas ki maari
o o o o
sookhi dharti pyaas ki maari
tarsi hui man ki phulwaari
aa aa aa aa aa aa
tarsi hui man ki phulwaari
neer bahaati aankh hamaari
sab kahte thhe baadal baadal l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal

naach rahi thhi jahaan niraasha
o o o o
naach rahi thhi jahaan niraasha
aaj waahan per jhoome aasha
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aaj waahan per jhoome aasha
mausam bhi hai khoob tamaasha
khet bane dam bhar mein jal thhal
l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
dharti aur aakaash pukaare
saawan aaya hamre dwaare
jaage jaage bhaag hamaare
chaaron oar machi hai halchal l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5056 Post No. : 16970

Today’s song is a special song. It is special because it is sung by an almost unimaginable actor who was a famous villain and we could never imagine that he would have sung a solo song and a record was brought out for that song ! But then life is like that only. It has routinely presented surprises, shocks, puzzles and inconceivable situations. That’s why LIFE is interesting ! Speaking about show business, it is all the more pertinent. There are umpteen number of cases where men became actors when it was not planned and from actors they went into something totally different, unconnected activity. Let us see some examples.

Is it not a game of Fortune, when an ordinary Laboratory Technician becomes a famous and popular actor overnight and is known as Ashok Kumar ? How does one explain the conversion of a choreographer, trained by Uday Shankar, for the film Lakharani-1945 into famous director Guru Dutt ? Hari Shivdasani started as a film director with Yasmin-1935, but became an actor in 110 films. Motilal-a Navy aspirant and a casual onlooker of a shooting is invited to directly become a Hero and for next 31 years became a popular actor. Likewise Ramnarayan Venkatraman Sastry who was an M.Sc.,Ph.D. in Physics, knew 12 Indian and 4 Foreign languages, who edited a Dance and Drama Magazine, who earned a Fellowship of New York University, A grade Flier, Swimmer, Painter, a trained magician, Shooter, A.I.R. Singer and who was invited by European and American Universities for giving lectures, one fine morning was invited and became a Tamil Film Hero in 1941. He was named Ranjan and acted in 58 Hindi films, wrote film stories like Munimji-1955 and did Choreography.

The Film Industry is replete with other side examples too – like how successful actors left films and did something totally different… like Shashi Kapoor Sr. who left a blooming film career as a Child artiste of 21 films, did M.Sc.Ph.D and became a Mathematics professor in an American University. The case of Ashraf Khan is too weird to be believed. He was an actor-singer in 31 films and 59 songs, left films and became a Sufi Saint ! Mukund Rai Trivedi- one of the Frank- Rai pair of Music Directors left films, joined family beusiness of Mining, became a Billionaire and a Lok Sabha M.P. Madholal Master left films after 34 films as an MD and purued his hobby of making Puppets. He became internationally famous and was honoured by the international Puppetary Association. His ” JOKER ” puppet was used by Raj kapoor in film Mera Naam Joker. Saigal was a Typewriter salesman before becoming a singer-actor.

In these examples add one more name B. M. VYAS. The famous villain of 174 films was a stage drama actor, a singer and a Music Teacher to Mahendra Kapoor and his brother, to start with. He was a trained musician and singer. Today’s song is sung by him for the Drama ” Deewar”- staged by Prithvi Theatres in 1945. Let us take a look at his journey from a singer to a villain….

Actor Brij Mohan aka B.M.Vyas was one artiste who started as a singer, became a drama actor and then ended up as a villain, character actor. B.M.Vyas was born as Brijmohan Vyas on Vijayadashami (22 October) day of 1920 in Churu, Rajasthan. He is the younger brother of the well-known poet and lyricist, Bharat Vyas. He was married at the age of 17 when his wife, Jamna was just 11. They had 71 years of marital bliss before Jamna passed away in 2008. They had six daughters and a son. After acting in over 200 films in various languages, Vyas quit acting in the early 1990s. Then he moved to his residence in Kalyan. Having seen various shades of life, Vyas lived a contented life with his children and grandchildren.

On 15 January, 1944, actor Prithviraj Kapoor realised his dream when Prithvi Theatre, his own drama company came into being. Mahakavi Kalidas’ classic Shakuntala was chosen to be their first performance. The play’s cast included Uzra Mumtaz (younger sister of Zohra Segal) to play Shakuntala, Prithviraj Kapoor to play Dhushyant, K N Singh was cast as Rishi Kanva, Shakuntala’s foster father, Sati Devi (Bijoya Ray’s sister, Ruma Guha Thakurta’s mother) as Gautami, caretaker of Kanva Ashram who raises Shakuntala, and Hemavati (Daya Kishan Sapru’s wife) to play Shakuntala’s friend Priyamvada, among others. A young, 24 years old, B M Vyas was recruited as a singer by the drama company to sing songs in their play at a monthly salary of 75 Rupees.

Once when rehearsals for their maiden show were in progress and Vyas was done with his singing rehearsals, he was watching rehearsals of the cast. One of his songs for the play was “Bitiya Rani Kahan Kahan Tapasvi Log, Milna Julna Rehgaya Nadi Naav Sanjog”. The cast was rehearsing for a scene which needed Rishi Kanva to recite a mantra in Sanskrit, but actor K N Singh was having trouble reciting it. Prithviraj was trying to help him but was also faltering in saying it perfectly. Vyas , an expert in Hindi and Sanskrit, having immense knowledge of Ved Mantra was witnessing the proceedings for two days. It was possibly the blessing of Goddess Saraswati that inspired him to say the mantra aloud. On hearing him intone the mantra with such Brahminical precision, Prithviraj was very impressed and asked him to help K N Singh in saying the mantra correctly. But soon K N Singh informed Prithviraj ji that he will not be able to speak Devbhasha (Sanskrit) and that he should look for another artiste for the role. Prithviraj asked Prithvi Theatre’s manager Ramesh Saigal to approach Vyas for the role. Vyas , who had already acted in a Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana earlier, readily agreed and stepped into the role and thus started his journey as an actor.

While the rehearsals were still on, Vyas suffered a personal tragedy and had to go back home in Bikaner, Rajasthan. There he fell sick with typhoid. Here rehearsals were in full swing as the play was to premiere on 9 March, 1945 at the Royal Opera House. The final date was about a month away so Prithviraj asked him to come back as soon as possible. Vyas returned with his wife though he was still unwell. On the day he resumed his rehearsals he couldn’t do much due to frequent blackouts. The medication he was on did not seem to help him much. He remembers the doctor from Kalbadevi who treated him for free; with his medication, Vyas ji’s health improved considerably in just three days.

The final round of rehearsals was done and finally the day of Prithvi Theatre’s first play to be staged, arrived. For the first performance of Shakuntala, many known names of the film industry were present at Royal Opera House. In the scene where Rishi Kanva makes an entry on stage he was required to raise his hands for blessing but Vyas was still weak and his hands started shaking. He tried a lot to control them but to no avail. He then remembered that he had seen many old people whose hands and heads would involuntarily shake, so he started to shake his head too. The end result was so effective that during the play’s interval Prithviraj came and hugged him. He asked him how he developed that body language, Vyas told him about his genuine problem. Prithiviraj told him that he did a wonderful job and should continue with the same every time the play was staged.

Vyas had a long association with Prithvi Theatre, from 1944 to 1955. During this period he toured with the group to various cities and got an opportunity to showcase his singing and acting skills in various plays like – Deewar, Pathan, Aahuthi, Gaddar, Kalaakar, etc.

After Vyas joined Prithvi Theatre as a singer, he had to do regular riyaz at home. A music teacher who often heard him sing once asked if he would be willing to give music tuitions. Since his monthly salary was 75 Rupees then, Vyas agreed as this would give him additional income. The teacher took him to meet Jaichand Kapoor and soon Vyas started giving music tuitions to his elder son, Brijmohan. However his younger brother seemed more inclined and started learning music from Vyas . This youngster was none other than our legendary playback singer, Mahendra Kapoor who always acknowledged that B M Vyas was his first Guru.

Vyas had been interested in music since childhood. He is a self-taught singer. In the early 1940s Bharat Vyas called his younger brother to Mumbai. Soon Vyas ji got the opportunity to act and sing as many as twenty songs for the Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana written by Bharat . Music Director Naushad Sahab’s assistant Ghulam Muhammad who hailed from Rajasthan was very impressed when he heard Vyas’s voice in the play. He took him to meet Naushad Sahab who was working on the soundtrack of the film Pehle Aap (1944). Vyas got an opportunity to sing a group song “Hindustan Ke Hum Hain, Hindustan Hamara; Hindu Muslim Dono Ki Aakhon Ka Tara” with established singers G. M. Durrani and Shyam Kumar along with a new singer Mohammed Rafi. Since this song was supposed to be sung by soldiers on screen, Vyas and Rafi Sahab had to wear heavy boots and do a rhythmic march while singing to give an effect of an army troop. Such effects could not be added to a song with the technology available then; it all had to be done in real time. However the first ever song Vyas sang for a film was “Alakh Niranjan, Jai Jai Jai Manaranjan” from Bhartrihari (1944) which was picturized on Arun Ahuja (Govinda’s father).

Vyas gave playback in four films – Bhartrihari (1944, MD: Khemchand Prakash), Pehle Aap (1944, MD: Naushad), Maharana Pratap (1946, MD: Ram Ganguli) and Naulakha Haar (MD: R C Boral) before destiny took him on a different path. He remembers meeting Rafi Sahab years later who sweetly said “Pandit ji you changed our line (singing)” to which Vyas admitted that he did not see much of a future for himself in singing and hence switched to acting.

After Prithvi Theatre’s first play Shakuntala was staged, Devika Rani (owner of Bombay Talkies) was keen to know who played Rishi Kanva. When she saw the 24 yrs old Vyas she was surprised, she never expected to see such a young man. She offered him a role in a Bombay Talkies film to be directed by actor Jairaj but the film was never made.

When Ramesh Saigal moved away from Prithvi Theatre, he joined Chetan Anand’s company India Pictures as Production Manager. They were working on their next film Neecha Nagar (1946) when Ramesh Saigal offered Vyas a small role (protagonist’s elder brother) in the film. Prithvi Theatre never laid any restrictions on their actors; they could take outside work while working in their plays. Vyas was eager to face the camera and accepted the role with open arms. He is credited as ‘Vyas ji’s in this film. Soon he played a small role in Raj Kapoor‘s Aag (1948) where he is credited as ‘Brijmohan’. But the role that gave him recognition in the film industry was in Barsaat (1949) where he played actress Nargis’ father. For this film he is credited as ‘B. M. Vyas’. Thus Vyas ji’s film career took off and he never looked back.

He has had a long and very successful career of more than four decades and has been part of many memorable classics. He has always been a character artist who started his career with portraying old characters. His last film most probably was Maa (1991).Vyas was very keen to work with the great filmmaker V Shantaram and approached him for work. Shantaram was planning Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957) and was busy casting actors to play six prisoners in the film. He did not tell him that he is Bharat’s younger brother who was the lyricist of the film. When Vyas approached him, Shantaram was initially a bit apprehensive due to his height but soon cast him as one of the prisoners, Jalia Nai. They had a month-long schedule in Kolhapur. When the reels were sent to Rajkamal Studios for processing, it was found that due to dirt particles on the lens there were lines all across the frame in all the reels and the whole month’s hard work had gone to waste. They had to reshoot the entire thing. Vyas had a tough time managing schedules due to this re-shoot as he had other films in hand too. My favourite scene of this film is where Jalia comes with an intention to kill the Jailor played by Shantaram himself. That scene showcases Vyas’ ability as a performer, his entire body language, facial expressions, use of eyes and voice in this scene is a class act, beyond words.

About the classic scene from Sampoorna Ramayan (1961) Vyas said when he was offered the role of Ravan he was thrilled, being Shastri in Sanskrit he had read so much about this mythological character. Hence he was really keen to play the part but Ravan is expected to have a powerful physique while Vyas ji had a lean frame. To overcome this hurdle he got cotton padded clothing made for the role to look fuller. The rising temperature due to lights in addition to studio heat, he would sweat profusely in those cotton padded clothes but he did not let it hinder his performance. That innovative scene where Ravan is interacting with his nine heads was a collective brainchild of Babubhai Mistry and Homi Wadia. Vyas had to enact from a fixed position in front of a stationary camera for fifteen days but the end result was very effective.

B M Vyas acted in 175 films. His first film was Neecha Nagar-46 and last film was Oh,Darling ! yeh hai India-95. Vyas ji left for a better world on 11 March, 2013. (Adapted from articles from Maitri Manthan and Blog beete hue din, with thanks.)

This is the second song from the drama Deewar-45. The first was sung by Raj kapoor, but since this was sung by an unexpected actor singer, I thought our Blog must have this song also.


Song- Iss andheri raat mein (B M Vyas NFS)(1945) Singer- B. M. Vyas, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguli

Lyrics

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
????? mera
bhookha hoon main
pyaasa hoon main
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???

—————————-
andar aajaao bhai
nahin baba main andar na aaunga
kyon

main ?? leka padta hai
maalik

yahaan de jaao
nahin to ?? bhook se kaat chuka hoon

—————————–

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5051 Post No. : 16964

A singing Hero is not a novelty for those who are old film lovers, because in the initial era of Talkie films, most actors sang their own songs in the films. Though the Playback singing was introduced in 1935 in Calcutta and in 1937 in Bombay, it took a few more years to become fully prevalent in all films.

When the Talkie films started in 1931, one of the conditions for the newcomers to join as an actor/actress for lead roles, was that he/she should be able to sing properly. Since most actresses came from singing families (read Tawaifs), just a reasonably good face and a figure was good enough as they knew how to sing. But not all males knew how to sing. So, almost all heroes sang their own songs and so you will find songs by actors like W.M.khan, Kashinath,Khaleel,Master Mohammad, Master Nissar, master Shiraz, Ashraf Khan, Govindrao Tembe, Saigal, panchotiya, Shahu Modak, Marutirao pehelwan etc etc in the films from 1931 to 1937. Many times if the Hero is not able to sing, roles for the Music directors were created and he would act and sing songs in the films for his roles. After this, genuine singers like Surendra, Motilal, Ashok kumar started acting and singing and by the end of the 30’s decade playback was firmly established in all films.

However few popular heroes never sang any songs-like Master Vithal, Jairaj, Prithviraj kapoor etc. Amongst these Non-Singer Heroes of the early era, the story of Jairaj is very interesting. Paidi Jairaj or P. Jairaj ( 28-9-1909 to 11-8-2000 ) was a very handsome and well built young man,when he joined films. After doing 11 silent films,he made his first Talkie,’ Shikari” in 1932. It was produced by a Hyderabad company-Eastern Films.He acted in 170 films and had received the Phalke award and Padma Bhushan in 1980.

In the early phase of Talkie films,there used to be,on average 15 to 20 songs in every film. It was compulsory for every Hero and Heroine to sing their own songs live( playback came in 1935 and became common in 38-39 only). To help the non-singer actors,studios used to keep trained classical experts. Otherwise also most MDs in those days were classical singers themselves.

Thus,Jairaj too was expected to sing songs. He did not like singing,because he was horrible at singing. The MD of film Patit pawan-33 was Prof.B.R.Deodhar,who was a classical singer himself.(Later on he settled with running a musical school). he was determined to make Jairaj sing a song. Finally a song was recorded and filmed-“prem magan sakhi”. Jairaj had sung it so bad,that the song was removed from the film from the second show itself. Jairaj is a Hero of those days who never sang in films. Even after playback was used regularly,in his 170 films,Jairaj has sung less than 20 songs on screen !

This was the case of all Genre of films except Stunt films For stunt films, heroes were required to have a Muscular body, ride Horses, fight criminals, Jump from heights, drive Car / Motorcycles, do fencing etc. C. Ramchandra, the famous Music Director , started his film career as an actor and in his first film itself he became the hero of film Naganand-1935. The film was a great flop in its First day First Show itself where only 6 people came to see the film ! He lost the job and started visiting studios to get a job. One day, he was called by JBH Wadia for an interview. CR was very lean. Though good looking, he did noit have good clothes, so he appeared for an interview in Shirt and Pyjama only.

Wadia saw him and asked,” Any experience ?”
CR gave him the Naganand film booklet and said proudly,” I have worked as a Hero”.
Wadia did not even touch the booklet and asked,” Can you ride a Horse ?’
” No”
” Can you fight with 10 goons ?”
” No”
” Can you jump from 20 feet ?”
” No”
” Then what sort of a Hero you were. Get out .” The interview ended. Wadia was famous for making Stunt films. Same CR became a popular composer and a successful singer later on !

I am telling all this to emphasize that actor-singers were first a necessity and later an utility, till playback took over. Today’s song is a song sung by Raj kapoor (14.12.1924 to 2.6.1988), when he was just 21 year old budding actor in his father’s Drama Company.

Prithvi Theatre was founded in 1942, by Prithviraj Kapoor, as a travelling troupe with 150 members, which staged productions across India. Its maiden performance was Kalidasa’s classic “Shakuntala”. In subsequent years the theatre staged more than 2,600 plays such as “Deewar” (Wall), “Pathan” (a community comprising Hindus and Muslims of North India), “Ghaddar” (Traitor), “Aahuthi” (Offering), “Kalaakar” (Artist), “Paisa” (Money) and “Kisaan” (Farmer). Prithviraj starred as the lead actor in every show. His work in the Indian film industry funded the activities of the company .

Prithviraj Kapoor’s dream was to have a permanent place for his theatre company. In 1962 he managed to lease a plot of land in Juhu on which to create a theatre space. Unfortunately his ill-health and subsequent death in 1972 delayed his dream turning into reality. The year he died the lease on the land expired and was offered on sale to his family. Shashi Kapoor and his wife Jennifer decided to make Prithviraj’s dream a reality by buying the land, and setting up the ‘Shri Prithviraj Kapoor Memorial Trust & Research Foundation’ in his memory with the intention of building a space to promote Hindi theatre and the performing arts.

Prithvi Theatre was inaugurated on 5 November 1978 in Mumbai. “Udhwastha Dharmashala”, written by G P Deshpande, staged by Naseeruddin Shah, Om Puri and Benjamin Gilani was Prithvi’s first play. This was followed by a play by the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a political satire, “Bakri”, directed by actor-director M. S. Sathyu.

Music had a dominating influence on Raj Kapoor. As Prithviraj’ s son, he had an opportunity to come close to K L Saigal and the master composer Rai Chand Boral, when Prithviraj worked in New Theatres.. Even while in Bombay, Saigal was his neighbour at College Street in Matunga.

His ambition to be a filmmaker did not allow Raj Kapoor to pursue his passion for music, though he did learn its rudiments from Pt Jagannath Prasad who was closely associated with Khemchand Prakash and K L Saigal and also taught music to Premnath, Mukesh and the members of the Kapoor clan.While visualising a song situation Raj Kapoor showed remarkable judgement in selecting the right tunes. He never hesitated to adapt tunes (such as ‘Is libe dis, I love you’ and ‘Dost dost na raha’, both in ‘Sangam’) which had appealed to him, without worrying about the sources from where they came.

If Raj Kapoor had not been a filmmaker he would have been an excellent composer and a good singer as well. He proved his ability as a singer early in his career, when he sang ‘Hum babu naye nirale hain'(Music: Ram Ganguli/N 2666 1) in Prithvi Theaters’ stage-play ‘ ‘Deevar ‘. He displayed an admirable sense of rhythm and melody in the song. With a little more effort he could have been a successful singer.
He also sang in ‘Chitod Vijay’ (1947/S D Burman)’Jail Yatra’ (1947, Ninu Majumdar),’Dil Ki Rani'(1947/S D Burman),Neel Kamal'(1947/B Vasudeo) and ‘Gopinath'(1 948/Ninu Maiumdar/record not released).Eventually Raj preferred the sonorous voice of Mukesh from ‘Aag'(‘Zinda hoon is tarah ki ghame’/ 1948) to ‘ Mera Naam Joker’ (‘Jane kahan gaye woh din’/1970).

Raj Kapoor used to do all sorts of work in Prithvi Theatres. He acted in few dramas and even sang a song in the drama Deewar in 1945. The song became very popular and HMV took out a Gramophone record of the song. The song was written by Saraswati Kumar Deepak, who generally wrote all dialogues and songs of Prithvi dramas. For a long time this record was not available on YouTube. Last week, a kind soul, a generous Record Collector Syed Zafar Shah posted this song on RMIM and YT. When I complained to him that the song had too much disturbance, he very kindly sent me a cleaned and improved song on my personal Whatsapp account. He also uploaded it on YT. I sincerely thank Zafar Bhai for his generous posting of this and many other rare songs on YT for the music lovers. May God bless him. May his tribe increase !

Raj Kapoor understood music and was deeply involved in his film’s music. After Shankar-Jaikishan , Laxmikant Pyarelal pair came to him, but his interference was not acceptable to them and so they too parted. Raj Kapoor wanted not only a good composer but one who will listen to him and tolerate his interference in the music selection. With Ravindra Jain, it was accomplished. Anyway that is besides the point.

The song is very good and firmly establishes Raj Kapoor as one who understood music and as a good singer !
(I have used some information from Nalin Shah’s article on Raj Kapoor’s Music, in July 1988 issue of ” Playback and Fast Forward” issue, wiki, C Ramchandra’s Marathi autobiography and my notes)


Song- Hum baabu naye niraale hain (Raj Kapoor NFS)(1945) Singer- Raj Kapoor, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguly

Lyrics

hahahaahha
hahahahaa
wawawa
wawawa
wawawa

sun re
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
ab rang naye
ab dhang naye
ab ye sansaar naya apna
aa aa aa
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

ghar ke saare rang jo badle
ghar ke saare rang jo badle
apne bheetar dhang jo badle
hey ae
ab mahal naya ab gali nayi
ab badal gayi poshaak(?) dekh lo
badal gayi poshaak
?? ke jagah ab pyaale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
Darling
How sweet
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

maalik badlaa aa aa aa
maalik badlaa
naukar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
maalik badlaa
nakar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
jo meri wo Lakshmi badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hey jo meri wo jorua badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae ae


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5028 Post No. : 16936

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS) – for a change ! It is sung by Pankaj Mallick. Lyricist is Fayyaz Hashmi and the song is set to music by Pankaj Mallick himself. It must be a song originally recorded before the Partition, because the Lyricist migrated to Pakistan after that in 1947.

Music in India can be divided into 2 groups.
1) Film Songs and 2) Non Film Songs.

Non Film Songs (NFS) as an all inclusive term and it includes all songs other than film songs – Bhajans, Naats, Geets, Qawalis, Gazals,classical songs and anything and everything that is not a film song. It may include the various folk songs, traditional songs sung in all parts of India on various occasions like Bhai Dooj, Rakhi, Holi, Sankranti, Bidai, Farmers’ songs during harvesting, even songs composed by Saints and songs sung by housewives while operating Home Chakkies, Naag Panchami songs etc.etc.

Music has been an inseparable part of Man’s life in the World. In India music is used whenever things needed to be remembered. I remember, in the 40’s and the 50’s, in our school days, the teachers used to insist on singing Poems from the books, in tune, so that we remembered them. Even the mathematical Tables and Pahades were recited collectively in tune,in classes and we never forgot them. That is why old people, even today, remember the tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1 1/2, 1 1/4, 1 3/4, 2 1/2, 3 1/2 etc. etc. For the new generations it is unbelievable because now calculators do all this without investing personal efforts. Great advantages and disadvantages too ! Simple calculations can not be done without calculators these days. Anyway, that is besides this topic.

Great singers and classical experts always had the Royal Patronage and for common people the traditional music and folk songs were there. After the advent of Radio in Bombay (23-7-1927) and Calcutta (26-8-1927), music came to the commoners. But even on Radio, for a long time, only classical music was aired on Bombay Station. However Calcutta station aired songs other than classical because they had plenty of songs which were sung during the Puja season. The origin of NFS was from the East. I used to always wonder as to why NFS singers were mainly from Bengal-Pankaj Mallick, Saigal, Jagmohan, Hemant Kumar, Juthika Roy, Kamla Jharia and even Talat Mehmood sang his NFS from Calcutta.

Famous singer of NFS, Jagmohan Sursagar has written in his Autobiography in 1985, about the Birth of NFS thus- ” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc. used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal, Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt. Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued up to next 20 years non stop. “

However, in the course of time, almost all Hindi Playback singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Shamshad, Talat, Mukesh, Rafi, Nurjahan, Amirbai, Zohrabai etc. sang NFS. Some of their NFS became very popular too. The NFS started to be discussed on this Blog somewhere from late 2011. I remember AK ji and myself were the major vocal supporters of NFS on this Blog. Today there are 245 NFS, sung by various singers on our Blog. There are 75 singers of NFS. Some rare songs by Abhram Bhagat, Ashraf Khan, Master Vasant, Tamancha Jaan, Indurani etc. are also there. I think on the Internet, ours must be the only Blog providing such a feast of popular NFS-so many at ONE place. Thanks ATUL ji.

The contribution of singers, Lyricists and composers from Bengal to the emergence, sustainance, prosperity and decline is notable. Kamal Dasgupta and Fayyaz Hashmi played a pivotal role in the flourishing of NFS in India and were the earliest promoters of NFS. let us know more about Fayyaz Hashmi….

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.
In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS is composed and sung by Pankaj Mallick. According to a commenter on you tube, Pankaj Mallick has used the orchestra of Fransisco Casanovas in this song. You can hear many western instruments playing in the background. Similarly, Jagmohan Sursagar had also composed one song ” Kya maze ki baat hai” in his only Hindi films as a composer in 1955, wherein he used Waltz music.


Song- Jab chaand mera nikla (Pankaj Mullick NFS)(1946) Singer- Pankaj Mullick, Lyricist- Faiyyaz Hashmi, MD- Pankaj Mullick
Non Film Song.

Lyrics

Jab chaand mera nikla
??
Jab chaand mera nikla
us raat ki
us raat ke ?? chup thhe
?? bhi sharmaaye
chhaayin thhin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

un aankhon se kehte thhe
un aankhon se kehte thhe
aankhen meri khushi mein
amar ujaala ho
do din ki zindagi mein
phir kyon na tumhen paa ke
hum bhaag pe itraayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

aakaash pe jab chhaaye
ghanghor diyaare(??) se
tab man ke gagan mein mere
chhitke huye taare thhey

jaadoo sa mujhpe kiya thha
jaado bhari hawa ne
gham mera mita gaye thhey
un honthhon ke paimaane
ab tak hai wo ?? baaten
hum hosh mein kya aayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla aa aa aa
chaayin ?? ghataayen


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4913 Post No. : 16733

There have been two excellent reviews of 83 film which was released recently on 24 December 2021. As such there is not much to add to the review per se. But then the event itself is engraved in golden moments and letters in the annals of sporting history of our country. Well, there always was hockey in which we ruled the roost in those days. People had little doubts in their minds on the continued dominance of West Indies which had already won the first as well as the second world cup in 1975 and 79 respectively. Dark horses India created history by upsetting West Indies in the finals by successfully defending a modest score of 183 runs, a record which stands tall to this day.

Apart from songs and films, railways and cricket (of bygone era) remain amongst the favourite topics on the blog. So, when Avinash ji posted his euphoric post on having watched the film 83 first day first show, there was lot of buzz on our WhatsApp group and its was rather decided that whosoever watches the film should make attempts to write a post on the experiences of not only the film or the event but their own expectations, memories etc.

Well, I am here with my post and would request whatapp group members to ignore reading the next one-line para for obvious reasons and the cliché for which I have become rather infamous. 🙂

I was all but 9 in 1983, having born in Feb’74.

Thus, I knew about India having won the 1983-world cup only a few years later. [Sachin Tendulkar at 10 in the movie is seen dancing in the streets (on someone’s shoulders)]. As such, this post of mine could be some sort of damp squib for keen readers. To add to the misery of writing this post, I am not an avid follower of cricket or for that matter any sport. But, whenever India plays, I always follow up with keen interest. For the said reasons, I am yet to see a full IPL match and can say with enough conviction that I will never ever watch such a match. Further, I have almost completely stopped watching television and my TV table is now occupied by various indoor plants, a new hoppy which I have recently cultivated. Above the TV, creepers such as money plants and broken heart are scaling up the wall to reach the slab. 🙂

However, I have been following follow-up stories of 1983 world cup with all interests. I could completely understand what Kapil Dev’s unbeaten innings of 175 meant for the team, tournament and our country as a whole. With the advent of internet, I have visited web sites pertaining to cricket world cup several times and tried the understand the circumstances under which India went on to upset the two-time defending champions. A perfect example of dark horses turning out to be derby winners. A day after the match, London Times, a British newspaper apparently had the headline “Kapil’s men turn world upside down” on its front page.

With whatever little I have watched on cricket, Kris Srikkanth has been one of my favourite cricketers. In my opinion, he remains one of the few players who played mainly for the crowds. He successfully faced some of the most lethal fast bowlers of different teams.

I remember reading an article in India Today magazine wherein there was a beautiful article entirely dedicated to him. I had been searching for this article published in March 1987 all these years and with renewed interest, I happened to get hold of it in the magazines’ s archives articles. I would recommend readers to spare time to read the article. There have been many a great Indian cricket player over the years. But, the style, controlled aggression, antics on field etc, no one can match the peerless Kris Srikkanth.

Ball racing to the boundary like a bullet was the hallmark of his batting. For every ball that he faced it was always the viewers and not Kris Srikkanth who were afraid that the ball would end up disturbing the furniture behind. He long walks away from the crease towards square-leg umpire, frequent twisting of his nose, closing of his eyes in a flutter, the cursory glance at the skies as if he was reporting to someone after each ball, the meticulous and fast curling of the bat, his legs positioned wide apart on the crease while batting etc. will remain etched in active memories of avid lovers of the game.

Coming back to 1983, but remaining with Kris Srikkanth and his batting style, I am always happy of the fact that with a regal 38 he was the highest scorer of the finals in spite of a few towering batsmen on the opposite camp. Viv Richards scored 33 and that was the second highest individual score in the final.

With all such fond memories, the viewing of the film was for me like travelling back in a time machine. My wife along with my daughter studying II PU are now placed at D.K. Friday 24, the release date of the film, they ended up at U.K. on an unexpected, unplanned and a totally unscheduled visit. My wife has played this pleasant prank on me a couple of times and so even though it was quite surprising, it took just a nano second for me to realise that, yes, they were here for a visit.

On Saturday, 25 Dec, my daughter started this slow and silent campaign that we ought to watch a movie in the only (non-ac) theatre in this town. I do not even bother to follow up which movie plays as I do not go to theatres often. But in this case and to my inner delight it was 83 of all the films that was being screened on that day. And seeing that my daughter was killing time brooding and surfing net for tickets, story etc. I decided that the movie had to be watched anyhow. And so, I saw the film along with my daughter.

Watching films in movie theatres with my wife needs a special mention here. I was placed in Mumbai when I got married in 2003. (Yes, in 3 years, I will be slaying the seven-year itch for the third consecutive time)  🙂

Instead of watching some junk Hindi or Hollywood movie, I thought I would begin my married-life-film-watching-experiences-with-spouse by watching a scientific documentary in the newly opened world’s largest IMAX dome theatre at Bhakti Park, Wadala. My Monorail site was hardly half a km away from the theatre though my residence was far away.

I later realised that my excitement of watching a documentary in a dome theatre was wholly a one-way traffic. Having a keen interest in astronomy, I got rivetted to the documentary show on stars, planets and galaxies. Being a dome theatre, the seats were obviously push back as well as quite reclining on which my wife comfortably dozed off for the entire show. On completion of the show of which I was totally absorbed in, I asked my wife if she had enjoyed the show. She had a brutal reply that she had dozed off from the word go. I realised that we both were travelling in the vastness of space while the documentary was being screened. The only difference was that I had my eyes wide open.  🙂

Thus, being the experience (there were a few more), my wife decided to stay put at home for some house-hold chores and I accompanied my daughter for the 83 show.
The description of the movie has been amply presented in the two posts posted and will be elaborated more when others write in. And so, I will have limited non-chronological bullet-wise observations on the film.

• The film aptly starts with the now legendary catch taken by Kapil Dev dismissing a batsman who could have easily denied India the Cup. Viv Richards. As the ball tends to safely fall into the hands of Kapil Dev, the titles begin, and the movie starts.

• Ranveer Singh has gotten into the skin of the character he plays that of captain Kapil Dev himself. Many a times, his dialogue delivery is simply impeccable. Hats off to him for his efforts in portraying the role with such similarity.

• Kris Srikkanth remains what he has been to the team during their hey days and during the various film promos and stories told on TV earlier too, a complete entertainer.

• The film has tried to keep the aura of those days alive by displaying the runs scored, nature of batsman getting out etc. I only wish, they had more such displays and retained them for a bit longer time than shown in the movie.

• The mood of the nation, prior, during and after the tournament has been captured well.

• The unbeaten knock of 175 by Kapil Dev against Zimbabwe in a do or die match as well as that of the tournament should have been covered in more detail especially since the actual recording and telecast never happened.

• The rotating of the antenna by Indian public with TV sets for better reception brought back fond memories.  🙂

• The premonition of players and other officials remaining still in their positions in the pavilion when the batsman was in good flow is to be seen to be believed and appreciated.

• Kapil Dev pep talk in the dressing room should have been more elaborate and frequent even if they were in Hindi. It has been shown as if he hardly spoke which I feel could not have been the case.

• Kapil Dev’s encouragement talk to his players during the innings break that West Indies team have to still make the “paltry” 183 runs and we will not allow them to achieve it easily is quite emotional and superb.

• PR Man Singh, the Indian manager who accompanied the team to the tournament has been played quite well by Pankaj Tripathi of Mirzapur TV series fame. Given the time space he occupies in the film, Pankaj Tripathi had done full justice to the role. I understand he went to stay with the real Man Singh for a few days in Hyderabad to prepare himself for the role. Much appreciated.

• Wamiqa Gabbi plays Madan Lal’s wife. Why am I mentioning this? I really donno.  🙂  So, (Don’t) keep guessing.

The detailed wiki page of the film has a soundtrack length of about 54 minutes. For obvious reasons, there is no playback as far as songs are concerned. For many in this blog self included the names of present lyricists, singers, composers etc. are all Greek and Latin. Our Avinash ji offered me to send lyrics of any song that I could pick up in the film. That indeed would have made my task a lot easier and I thank him for the outreach.

However, surfing the net whilst writing the post, I came across a very apt song for the occasion. On 17 August 1983 Lata Mangeshkar apparently performed live in a concert in Delhi to facilitate and also raise funds for the winning team on their spectacular victory in the Cricket World Cup tournament.

Joining her in chorus were Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar and even members of the team including the captain himself. The song for the special occasion was written by renowned lyricist Indeewar and the tune composed by Hridaynath Mangeshkar. It gives me immense pleasure to bring forth this special song to the readers of the blog.

I would also like to reproduce a snap taken during the Cup award ceremony with Indians occupying the entire ground at Lord’s. It amply showcased the euphoric mood of our nation on winning the world cup in 1983.

Lastly, I would like to end the post with my strong conviction that it’s never too late to honour Kapil Dev with the Bharat Ratna for what he has achieved for our country.
Jai Hind.

Concert song sung on 17 August 1983.


Song-Bharat vishv Vijeta apna Bharat vishv vijeta (Patriotic NFS)(1983) Singers-Lata, Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Hridaynath Mangeshkar

Lyrics

Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta

ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram

————————-
Devnagri script lyrics
————————-

भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता,
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |

एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ,
एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |

खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता,
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना, संग है विश्व विजेता,

वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4833 Post No. : 16615

Today I am presenting a Non-Film song by Master Ashraf Khan. Some of you may remember Ashraf Khan, who sang songs in the films Roti-42 and Baaghbaan-38. We all know him mainly as a film actor, who finally became a Sufi Saint, but his contribution to the Gujarati theatre was substantial. Most of us know many things about Cinema, but very little about Theatre and stage dramas.

Prior to films becoming a source of entertainment for the common man, it was the stage drama which diligently and sincerely gave pure and musical entertainment to the commoners. The rich of course could afford private singing jalsas with famous singers and Tawayafs. Stage dramas were popular mainly in Bengal, Maharashtra and Gujarat, since the early to middle 19th Century. It started a bit late, on a regular scale, in South India, at the beginning of the 20th Century or so.Despite modern means of entertainment like TV and Films, stage dramas are still popular in Maharashtra and Gujarat. These two states have a glorious history and tradition of producing classical singers, many of them through the stage dramas.

Master Ashraf Khan was very popular and famous on the Gujarati stage. He was known as the ” Saigal of Gujarat”. Singing of Gazals in stage dramas started with Ashraf Khan, it is believed. Stage dramas are usually called ” Parsi-Urdu,” ” Parsi-Hindi”, ” Parsi-Gujarati”, because the Parsi community was prominent in this medium. Parsis came from Iran (Persia) into North Konkan, and Gujarat and they merged with the Indian People. All generations of Parsis spoke Hindi and Gujarati (with a typical, recognisable tone) and prospered in various trades and fields of Business.

The Gujarati stage was full of artistes from Saurashtra, North Gujarat and Bombay. They belonged to different castes. Jaishankar Bhojak (Sundari), Amrit Kershav Nayak, Vadilal Nayak, Master Shaani, Master Vikram etc were from Bhojak Nayak caste. From the Meer caste came Himmat Meer, Kasam Meer, Lallubhai Meer etc. -all singer actors. Parsis like Sorabji katrak, Sorabji kerawala, Faredoon irani and some Muslims like Ashraf Khan, Alladdin, Ghulam Sabir, Master Fida hussai, Master nissar, Kumar etc. were some members of this community.

Starting from 1871, these drama companies toured Bombay Presidency, Saurashtra, Calcutta and Bengal and upto Rangoon in Brahmadesh (Burma). Unlike Marathi stage the Parsi and Bangla dramas got women doing female roles sooner than in Maharashtra. Some actresses were, Miss Mary fanten, Miss Fitna, Mehtab, gafooran, Gauhar, Deenabai Mistri etc. In the modern dramas of the 1960 to 1980’s even Saraswati Devi (Vidya Bajpai) and Sandhya(Vijaya Deshmukh) acted on Gujarati stage.

However, in the initial years i.e. from 1890 to 1930, there were actors doing female roles. Anand ji ‘Kabootar’, Vikram, Fakir, Himmat meer and Jaishankar Bhojak were major actors famous in female roles. Jaishankar was popular and did female roles in dramas like Vikram Charitra, Barrister, Vasant Prabha and Saubhagya Sundari. His role as ” Sundari” in drama “Saubhagya Sundari” was so popular that later on his name was changed to Jaishankar “Sundari”. He worked till 1961. In his honour, a Drama Theatre in Ahmedabad is named as Jaishankar Sundari Theatre ! What an honour. He was friendly with Marathi stage actor Bal Gandharva and they both used to see each others’ dramas, without fail.

Orphaned very early, Master Ashraf was brought up by one Baburao, his father’s friend. He was a born singer. His mother tongue was Urdu/Pashto, but he mastered Gujarati so well that people considered him to be a Gujarati actor. Master Himmat meer brought him to the Theatre in 1894. He did only male roles and sang also. many dramas like Prithviraj, Arab ka Sitara, Samudragupta, Sansar Sagar, Ek Abla etc, as its Hero. He did about 3000 shows of his drama ‘ Malavpati”, as it became very popular. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India and after that he acted in the same drama once again in 1961, though old. He also worked in Hindi films upto 1941 His Heroines were Zebunnisa, Mehtab, Sardar Akhtar, Iqbal Begum (mother of Meena Kumari). From 1950 onwards he tilted towards Sufism and finally became a Saint.

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the 40s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first written about him somewhere 9 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done a lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog and his book that I learnt more details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with the film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanwa aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how he progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore on 22-10-1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepherd boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati’s drama company was stationed in a nearby bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he was willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betel leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhanbin two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan’s heroine on the Gujarati stage was Sandhya. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made the same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience on stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more than a dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that whenever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors footwear was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dhoraji in Gujarat he returned to the Dargah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharif ( the eleventh month of Islamic calendar ). He lay down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he was narrating verses from Ayat Sharif. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bedside reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that wherever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sharif, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sharif and Darood Sharif . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was something strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incident. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at Ganj Shahda which is located on the Ahmedabad – Delhi highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

Among the film personalities who used to attend the Urs were Mehboob Khan, Sardar Akhtar, Zaibunissa, Mehtab, Begum Akhtar, Prithviraj Kapoor and Trilok Kapoor etc .

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, and many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 31 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of the songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baghban 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered the Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later periods he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come. (Based on information from article by P.Kamalakar ji, book -पूर्वसूरींचे सूर by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar, Gujarati Rangbhumi by K.N.Parekh, HFGK, muVyz and my notes. Thanks to all.)

Six songs of Ashraf Khan are discussed on this Blog. All are film songs. This is perhaps his first Non Film Song to feature here.


Song- Khudi mitaaye na jab tak Khuda nahin milta (Ashraf Khan NFS)(1940) Singer- Master Ashraf Khan Lyricist- Unknown MD- Unknown

Lyrics

Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta
Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta aa
aa aa

?? mein shaakh mein ae ae ae ae
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
?? mein shaakh mein
gul mein usi ka jalwa hai ae
ke uspe kehte hain
hamko khuda nahin milta aa aa aa
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein
ae ae ae ae
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein ae
kisi ko raasta chaltey
Khuda nahin milta aa aa
(??)jabaan dil se alag rakkho
tu tu mai mai se ae ae ae
jahaan hai ??
Khuda nahin milta aa aa

kisi ka dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
kisi ko dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
?? gair kahin
?? to kya nahin milta
aa aa aa


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4751 Post No. : 16489

Eid ul Azha mubarak ho, to all friends and readers.

It is generally believed that faith and logic are two different things.  What is faith?  Basic premise of faith would be the belief in God.  The conviction that there is a Supreme Power who holds the strings of all things in the universe.  After all the world is a stage and we all are actors.  Shakespeare said it, but it is nothing but the truth.  All of us are here for a set number of days, playing our designated roles, doing things we are destined to do, amassing good deeds and bad deeds.  As we complete the life circle and leave this mortal world, the soul does go somewhere, where else it will go but to the creator?  Logic has no option but to agree that the creator is in best position to answer the question, what is the purpose of creation?  If there was no creator, nothing makes sense in the whole existence. Science can give answers till a certain point and that is that. Logic starts where science gives up.   And sound logic points to God, the Creator, the Sustainer, the one who says “be” and it is.

I quote here some of the verses from the Glorious Quran.

“O Mankind, indeed we have created you male and female, and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you, in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, ALLAH is (all) knowing and (well) acquainted.” –  49:13

“And (O Muhommad) say: My Lord forgive and have mercy, for you are the best of all who show mercy.” –  23:118

“O mankind, there has come to you, a convincing proof (Prophet Muhammad) from your Lord and we send down to you a manifest light (this Quran).” – 4:174

“And whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] himself.” – 27:92

“And for those who fear Allah, He will make their path easy.” – 65:4

“Allah never changes the condition of people until they change what is in themselves.” – 13:11

“And put thy trust in Allah. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.” – 33:3

“Take care of your souls.” – 5:105

“Do not ridicule others, perhaps they may be better than you.” – 49:11

“If you are thankful, I will increase my blessings upon you.” – 14:7

“So remember me, I will remember you.” – 2:152

“He knows what is in every heart.” – 67:13

“Verily, with every hardship comes ease.” –  94:5

“Allah does not burden a soul beyond that it can bear.” – 2:286

“Do not lose hope, nor be sad, for you will overcome them, if you are among the believers.” – 3:139

“We will test you in fear, hunger, loss of wealth life & fruit, but give glad tiding to the patient (steadfast).” – 2:155

“Call upon me, I will respond to you.” – 40:60

“Indeed, Allah is with those who abide him and those who are doers of good.” -16:128

“Allah will provide for him from a quarter from where he had no expectation. And whosoever puts all his trust in Allah, He will be enough for him. Allah is in command and he has set a measure for all things.” –  65:3

“And worship your Lord until there comes into you the certainty/inevitable (death)” – 15:99

“You prefer the life of this world. Although the hereafter is better & more lasting.” 87:16-17

“And we have certainly beautified the nearest heaven with stars.” – 67:5

“The Pharoah’s wife said (Pray) My lord, build for me near you a house in paradise.” –  66:11

These ‘Aayaat’ are part of different Surah (Chapters) in the Quran, revealed at different times to the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) (570-632 CE), during his Prophethood years (610-632 CE).  Mohammed (PBUH) was unlettered with no formal education, and had rarely traveled outside of Makkah, before his migration (Hijraah) to Madinah.   All ‘Aayaat’ of the Holy Quran were revealed to him, via the Angel Jibraeel (AS) at different times and in context of different situations. They were delivered as signs and guidance. These ‘Aayaat’ were then related by the Prophet (PBUH) to his companions (Sahaba), who recorded them in writing.  All of these ‘Aayaat’ were recorded in the Prophet’s life time. It was collated/arranged in a meticulous way, in the form of different Surah’s of the Quran during the reign of Hazrat Abu-Bakr (RA) (573-634 CE), the first Khalifa, in the present compilation. Hazrat Umar (RA) had a great contribution in this process.  There is great detail available about how the procedure was done, with verification of at least 2 witnesses that the Aayat is indeed written down in the presence of the Prophet.  Different Surah’s are also classified as ‘Makkih’ and ‘Madnih’, those revealed before migration to Madinah and after.

How simple and easy, is the faith and the true path, can be discerned in these quotes. How wise is the counsel, for all situations? It answers some of the basic questions bothering the mankind, with intellectuals, philosophers, thinkers having scratched their heads for all these millennia.  I have tried to collate them in an order, so it is in the order of creation, faith, trust, thankfulness, the true way of living, easy way of functioning as a creation, hope, the hereafter, the quest for heaven, how it is near and then the last one speaks of the wife of one (Pharoah-who denied the existence of Allah and declared himself as God) can ask (pray) for the highest level in Jannah (Paradise). It means, its available for everyone, one only has to seek it and ask for it, whatever and whoever you are.  This may not be the best way of saying it, and if I have erred, may Allah (SWT) forgive me.

A brief definition of Jannah with a prayer:

Jannah, where there will be no sickness, no pain, no difficulty, no separation, no loss.

Jannah, its beauty such that no mind could even ever comprehend.

Jannah, where those you love are waiting for you.

Jannah, where your Allah is waiting for you.

Jannah, which is never ever going to end.

Remind yourself that this is the decree of Allah and in his decisions is hidden kindness. Remind yourself that it is not just going to be okay, but it is going to be worth it.

Dear heart, please just remind yourself that your Allah is with you. Please don’t ever forget that.

Your Allah is with you. Your Allah will never leave you.

He knows of your condition. He is aware of your struggle.

And not a single moment of this going by unrewarded.

Allah knows that you are scared, and it is okay to be scared.

Keep trusting your Allah. Don’t lose hope in His mercy.  He is right here with you.

Feel it and treasure it.

———————————————————————————————————

On a different note, this is what Allama Iqbal has to say:

Sajdon ke ee’waz firdaus mile ye baat mujhe manzoor nahi
Be-laus i’baadat karta hoon banda hoon tera mazdoor nahi

 Ee’waz or I’waz means in return of, and ‘Firdaus’ is Jannat/heaven/paradise in persian.

What Iqbal means is :

I am not doing salutations / ibaadat (supplication) and itaa’at (obedience / submission to the will of Almighty), so that you grant me heaven in return. My prayers are pure, as I am your slave and not a paid servant.

This is, but the highest point of devotion, that the pious seek.

One of those pious, righteous, seekers of the divine favour, was Umar Farooq (RA) (584-644 CE). Umar bin Khattab was the second Khalifa of the Khulfa-e-Rashideen. The status of Umar Farooq, as a Sahaba, companions of the Prophet (PBUH), as among the beloved and respected Khalifa, can be ascertained from the fact of his being one of the “Ashra Mubashra”.  “Ashra Mubashra” are the 10 exalted ones among the Sahaba, who were given the ‘Good News’ or ‘Glad Tidings’.  What would be the ‘Good News’ who have the clear idea of the purpose of creation, life and death?  It is the achievement of securing a place in ‘Jannah’.  So, by divine declaration, those 10 were given the Good News, that a place is secured in Jannah for them. The magnificent ten include all four Khulfa-e-Rashideen.  Umar Farooq (RA)’s significance as a Khalifa and his role in the spread of Islamic empire much beyond the Arabian Peninsula is indisputable and incomparable.  One more significant and important contribution of Umar Farooq (RA), is the introduction of Islamic calendar i.e. the Hijri calendar.  There is a great deal to learn from his story, for he was one of the major detractors of the Prophet for a long time.  But once he accepted that Mohammed is indeed the Messenger of Allah, and came into the fold of Islam, blessed by the Allah (SWT) and rose to great heights that he did.

 I have read up a lot in recent days, so that I could give some accurate and concise information in this post.  But if I go on, this post will never finish.

So, I will move to the song, which is a non-film song sung by Mukesh. The song is composed by Iqbal and lyricist is Shadaab Minai.  Shadaab Minai is probably making a debut here with this song.  The song is talking in detail of an incident i.e. a qissa during the reign of Umar Farooq (RA), the second Khalifa.

Tally of music director, lyricist and singer in the blog so far as follows:

 

Iqbal

23

Shaadaab

2

Mukesh

797

932

Unless the Shadaab in the stats page is the same as Shadaab Minai, otherwise this is the first song written by Shadaab Minai in the blog.

This is a rare song, which I think few people may have heard before.  I was not aware it until a few months ago, when it was shared by someone on WhatsApp.

 

Song – Hai Bahut Mashoor Ye Qissa Umar Farooq Ka (Mukesh – NFS) (1970), Singer – Mukesh, Lyrics – Shadaab Minai, MD – Iqbal

Lyrics

hai bahot mash-hoor ye qissa
Umar Farooq ka
aaj bhi duniyaa mein hai
charcha Umar Farooq ka

jab khilaafat ka sharf
haasil hua Farooq ko
momino ki fikr rehti thhi sadaa Farooq ko
kaam aate thhe har ek
majboor ke Hazrat Umar
shauq se karte thhe khud
har ek ki khidmat Umar

phirte phirte ek din
pahunche Umar ek ghar ke paas
dekhte kya hain
wahan baithhi hai ek aurat udaas
degchi chulhe pe thhi aur
ro rahe thhe us ke laal
jab kiya Hazrat Umar ne ja ke
aurat se sawaal
ro rahe hain kis liye bachche
yeh kya hai maajra
bhook se rote hain ye bachche
ye aurat ne kaha
bole Hazrat degchi mein
pak raha hai kya kaho
kis liye ghamgheen ho
jo kuchh bhi hai dukhda kaho

boli wo aurat ke paani se bhari hai degchi
kyun ke main bachchon ko behlaati hoon
is soorat se hi
uff taraste hain ye bachhche daane daane ke liye
kuchh nahi hai mere paas in ko khilaane ke liye
teesre din ka hai faqaa
mere bachchon par huzoor
mera koyi bhi yahaan wali nahin
nazdeek-o-dur
roye uss ko dekh kar iss haal mein
Hazrat Umar
aa gaye fauran hi bait-ul-maal mein Hazrat Umar
aata kapda ghee chhuaare aur raqam le kar Umar
ghamzada aurat ke ghar ki simt daude jaldtar
peetth par dekha Umar ke bojh to bola ghulaam
bojh uttha kar mujh ko chalne deejiye aye nek naam
ye Umar bole agar ye bojh main de doon tujhe ea
hashr ke din kya sazaa dega na jaane rab mujhe
de diya dukhiya ko sab saamaan la kar aap ne
aur khilaaya sab ko khaana pakaa kar aap ne

khaa liya bachchon ne aurat ne khaana jis ghadi
ho gaye Hazrat Umar khush dekh kar un ki khushi
aap ko de kar duaaen phir ye aurat ne kaha
kaash mil jaata koyi ham ko khalifa aap sa
ham gariboon ki Umar koyi khabar rakhte nahin
a’iysh mein hain mast dukhiyon par nazar rakhte nahin
le ke dukhiya ki baaton ka asar Hazrat Umar
khaamoshi se laut aaye apne ghar Hazrat Umar

subah us aurat ko Faarooq ne bulwa liya
aur wazifa us ka bait-ul-maal se jaari kiyaa
ho ke sharminda phir Umar ne aurat se kaha
dukh bahot pahunchaa hai tum ko
meri ghaflat se sada
tum mujhe kar do mu’aaf
itni hai meri iltejaa aa
tum jo mujh ko bakhsh do
bakhsh de mujh ko khudaa aa

saari duniyaa mein hai charcha
har kahin Farooq ka
koyi bhi insaaf mein
saani nahi Farooq ka
koyi bhi insaaf mein
saani nahi Farooq ka


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17246

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1338
Total Number of movies covered=4642

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