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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rare song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3714 Post No. : 14643

Today I present a really wonderful song of Jagmohan Sursagar, Anima Dasgupta and Munir Alam from film Subah Shaam-1944. The music of this film was by Subal Dasgupta, younger brother of the more famous composer kamal Dasgupta. The film was made and directed by P.C. Barua for Indrapuri Studios, Calcutta. The songs of this film were written by Faiyaz Hashmi and Munir Lucknowi ( different from the singer Munir Alam). The cast of the film was Pramathesh barua, jamuna, Purnima ( she was different from Purnima of
Bombay ), Indu Mukherji, Munir, Devbala, Tulsi Chakravarti etc etc.

Director P.C. aka Pramathesh Barua was born on 24-10-1903. A well educated and foreign trained prince from a Royal family came into the films only by chance. He established his own studio and made films. Impressed by his style and work, B.N.Sircar of New Theatres offered him a job in his company. Barua joined and made such films in New Theatres that the studio became famous all over India. His greatest contribution was his first film here, ” Devdas”-34 in Bangla. he did the main role and brought in a comparatively new actress jamuna for the role of Parvati aka Paro. With the fantastic success of Bangla version, Barua made its Hindi version in 1936, with K L Saigal as the Hero. This was mor successful than the Bangla version and became an iconic film for ever as a reference point. Then an Assamese version was also made in 1937.

With a very eventful, successful and satisfying stint in New Theatres, Barua developed serious differences with the owner-B.N.Sircar, who was known to be a disciplinarian who held the Institution ( of New Theatres) in place. New Theatres, in the 30s , was full of Titans having a larger than life images and it was inevitable that there would be clashes amongst the artistes and the owner. Like true Bengalis, they all had king size Egos and over estimated self respects.

The first crack came in 1933 when Nitin Bose and Debaki Bose clashed, resulting in Debaki Bose’s temporary exit. In the line was Barua, who had a grudge that he was not given as many films as his peers Nitin Bose and Hemchander Chunder got . The rift between Barua and Sircar was obviously born out of deep differences, because after Barua left, B N Sircar had said- “He was a remarkably innovative director who seemed to improve after every film. As an actor, he forged a style that was distinctively his own uniquely. But as a Man…..well,I would rather not discuss it”.

However, it was known to both of them and all others connected with NT, that both these Giants had tremendous love and respect for each others. In 1951, when Barua lay dying on his bed, he instructed that his body be taken past the house of B N Sircar, where he was lying sick on bed. When Barua’s funeral convoy reached Sircar’s house, the ailing Sircar hobbled painfully to the window of his elegant Elgin Road Residence, as the prince of Players paused beneath the window for a while and then proceeded. It was a poignant moment- an act symbolic of a reference point established a long time ago in a business which was notorious for callous and impermanent relationships !

After Barua Nitin Bose left, then kanan Bala and few more. Only pankaj Mullick, though hurt by New Theatre’s neglect, stuck till the end. P.C.Barua died on 29-11-1951. He acted in 8 Hindi films( Manzil-36, Mukti-37, Adhikar-38, Jawab-42, Ranee-43, Subah Shaam-44, Amiree-45 and Pehchan-46). He directed 14 frilms and sang 1 song in film Jawab-42.

Barua’s third wife Jamuna (10-10-1919 to 24-11-2005) was the fourth of the six daughters of Puran Gupta, a resident of a village near Agra, India. Each of the sisters was named after an Indian river like Ganga, Jamuna, Bhagirathi etc. As destiny would have it, Jamuna came to reside in Calcutta, a leading film producing city in India. Originally from Gauripur of Assam’s Goalp ara district (undivided), Jamuna was married to the legendary actor director Pramathesh Barua, or P.C. Barua, who died in 1950. She began her acting career in her husband’s famous production Devdas in 1936 and was the film’s lead character Parvati or Paro. She went on to make a number of memorable movies in Assamese, Bangla and Hindi, notably Amiri, Mukti, Adhikar and Sesh Uttar. She stopped acting after Barua died

In the thirties and played a small role in Mohabbat ki Kasauti(1934), Hindi version of Rooplekha (Bengali) directed by P.C. Barua. A romance started although Barua, hailing from the native Indian state of Gauripur, Assam, was already twice married. As the actress, who was to play Parbati in Barua’s next venture Devdas (1935) reported inability to attend the studio on the very first day of shooting, Jamuna was called from Barua’s residence (she was living with him by then) and was asked to get down to work straight away without any preparation whatsoever.

Thus she came to be the first Parbati of Indian talkies- Miss Light had played the role in the silent version of the enormously popular Sarat Chandra novel. Aishwarya Rai happens to the last so far and Devdas has been made and re-made a number of times. Jamuna played the same role in the Hindi version also and was accepted in this very first proper exposure as an actress in her own right. She continued to act in Barua’s films like Grihadaha (1936), Maya (1936), Adhikar (1939), Uttarayan (1941), Shesh Uttar (1942), Chander Kalanka (1944) and the respective Hindi versions of each film.

Barua had left the prestigious New Theatres in 1940 and was directing as well as producing his films. Thereafter she acted in a number of Barua directed Hindi movies like Amiree, Pehchan and Iran Ki Ek Raat. These films however did not add to the prestige of either to Barua or to Jamuna. Jamuna also acted outside Barua direction in three Bengali films Debar (1943) and Nilanguriya (1943) where she proved herself without Barua’s influence. Her last film Malancha (1953) was also outside Barua’s direction. She also starred in its Hindi version Phulwari (1953).

Barua’s death in 1951 when he was only 48 changed Jamuna’s life altogether. She had three sons by Barua, Deb Kumar, Rajat and Prasun. They were all minors at the time and the Gauripur estate refused to take any of their responsibilities. She had to wage a legal battle with the powerful and influential royal family to get her and her children’s dues and recognition. Time settled the matters and she was allowed ownership of the house with its vast adjoining land and also an allowance. Jamuna spent the rest of her life after Barua as a housewife, busy in bringing up her minor sons. She had to complete the unfinished film Malancha of course but said good bye to the world soon after. Later in her life she did attend a number of functions to celebrate the centennial year of husband P.C. Barua and received felicitations on behalf of the Government of India and the state Government of Assam as the first Parbati of Indian talkies.

Her last days were not very comfortable and she was bedridden for more than six months prior to her death. She is survived by her three sons and their families and a host of relatives.. According to her family members, she had been ill for some time, and the cause of death was illness related to old age. She died at her residence in south Kolkata.

In Hindi, we have seen few Brother composer pairs like Husnlal Bhagatram, kalyan ji -Anand ji, Anand- milind etc etc. I can not think of any such pair whose brothers individually very famous as composers, except perhaps Pt. Amarnath and Husnlal – Bhagatram, but here too no two brothers were famous individually. There were some other brothers like Timir Baran and Mihir kiran and Kamal Dasgupta and Subal Dasgupta. Neither Timir-Mihir nor Kamal-Subal worked as a pair and individually only one became famous in Hindi films. Mihir kiran gave music to only 1 film- Kaarvan e hayat-35 and Subal Dasgupta gave music to only 2 films Subah Shaam and Arzoo both in 1944.

Kamal Dasgupta ( 28-7-1912 to 20-7-1974) gave music to 17 Hindi films from Jawab-42 to Phulwari-51. Subal gave music to only 2 films as mentioned. He was, however, a prolific composer in Bangla films and NFS. The credit for composing music for Talat Mehmood’s First recorded NFS, ” sab din ek samaan nahi tha” goes to Subal Dasgupta. Some sites and You Tube erroneously mention kamal Dasgupta’s name as its composer , but it is wrong. I quote here an excerpt from the book ” Talat Mehmood-The Velvet touch” a biography by Manek Premchand,

“His first recording happened in September 1941, the song being Sab din ek samaan naheen tha, Ban jaoonga kya se kya main, iska to kuchh dhyaan naheen tha, written by Fayyaz Hashmi and composed by Subal Dasgupta. Present at this recording was the great singer-composer-actor Pankaj Mullick, who patted the young émigré for a job well done. In Calcutta, the young man started learning Bengali. After six recordings for HMV in Calcutta, Talat returned in 1942 to complete his studies at Marris and in the next couple of years, he heard a lot of Gangubai Hangal, Fayyaz Khan and Roshanara Begum. ” pp 13

Not much information is available on Subal in books or on the net. Even Dr. J.P.Guha has no information on him. Here is something from a Bangladeshi site.

Subal Dasgupta was born at Kalia (Narail) of the old Jessore district in Bangladesh. His parents shifted to Calcutta long before the partition of 1947. His eldest brother professor Bimal Dasgupta was a gifted musician, while his elder brother Kamal Dasgupta also emerged as one of the most successful music directors of his time. His sisters Sudhira, Indira, Basanti—–all were talented singers in their own rights. All of them had recorded songs under HMV banner. He belonged to an immensely accomplished musical family. At a very tender age Subal Dasgupta took lessons in classical music from Ustad Zamiruddin Khan, a renowned maestro of Kheyal and Thumri. It was here, that he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, the great poet , who also started taking classical vocal lessons from the same master. The meeting between the two, later turned out to be of historic significance.

When I first heard this song, I liked it very much. I am sure you too will love it. The singers are Jagmohan Sursagar, Anima Dasgupta and Munir Alam. These names are not mentioned in HFGK, but the stalwarts of RMIM, in their discussion have confirmed these names in the late 90s. Though the YT video mentions Hemant kumar, his voice is not there.

( Credits- RMIM forum, Talat Mehmood Biography, scroll.in, wiki, nazrul.com.bd, Sharmishtha Gooptu’s article ”The Glory that was” and my notes )


Song-Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam (Subah Shaam)(1944) Singers-Anima Desgupta, Jagmohan Sursagar, Munir Alam, MD-Subal Dasgupta

Lyrics

Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

aish o raahaten bhi hain
dukh museebaten bhi hain
aish o raahaten bhi hain
dukh museebaten bhi hain
?? bhi hain
gham ki shaanaten bhi hain
gardish e jahaan mein
dillagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

maut bhi hai yaas bhi
din ke baad raat bhi
maut bhi hai yaas bhi
din ke baad raat bhi
apni apni ?? hai
aadmi ke saath hai
apni apni ?? hai
aadmi ke saath hai
raushani ke saath saath
?? hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

chaand mein chakor mein
jungalon ke mor mein
chaand mein chakor mein
jungalon ke mor mein
papeehe ke shor mein
papeehe ke shor mein
gulshanon ki ?? mein
bulbulon ki bekhudi(?)
keh rahi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam
kuchh ghami hai subaho shaam
zindagi ke do hain naam
zindagi hai subaho shaam
Kuchh haseen hai subaho shaam

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3711 Post No. : 14638

Today’s song is from a film Manorama-1944. HFGK does not mention singers’ names, but the voices are that of Chitalkar and Hamida Banu with chorus. The film Lyricist was Anjum Pilibhiti and the MD was C Ramchandra.

Last week we had discussed a New pair of names fitting under ” The Same Name Confusion” series, which came first time, only on this Blog. The names were similar sounding Ramola and Romilla. Our Sadanand ji had also added some new information about Romilla, in his comments. This is how informations get updated. Thank you, Sadanand ji.

Today we have yet another New pair-again first time on this Blog- which are not similar sounding names, but have exactly the same spellings. The name is Naseem, who was a part of the film’s cast along with Leela Chitnis, Ishwarlal, N M Charlie, Kantilal, Mubarak, Alaknanda and others.

NASEEM is the name which caused confusion in the 40s, because two actresses with the same name were working in the films at the same time. Generally, the younger one was mentioned as (Junior), but in some films she is just mentioned as Naseem. These are the films which are coolly added to the Senior Naseem’s Filmography, because she was more famous. This is exactly what happens in such cases of SNC. One has to take extra efforts to credit the right films to the right artiste. Most of the times, this is a very tedious job and may take months to get the right answer which can be defended with corroborative evidence. All these old artistes are no more and not every artiste’s information is available. particularly those artists who created confusion and either left the films or the country or the world, are the toughest cases as no information is available on them in India and Pak sites do not give full information on pre-independence films or artists.

Interestingly, the problem of Same Name Confusion is non existent in Hollywood. Not because there are no such names, but because they are very alert and take preventive measures. No one can act in films or on TV, unless he is registered with the ‘ Screen Actors Guild ‘ (estd 1933). They have a strict rule that no two actors will have same names. If a New actor comes with a same name that is already existing on the rolls, he is required to change his name before registration, or add a prefix or a suffix. That is why this problem is not there in Hollywood, in spite of more than 130,000 active members.

Though in India, no such system operates, this problem has almost become extinct in recent times, because of a variety of names ( unlike the western world) available now. Now, let us see more about these two Naseems. First, the senior one.

Born on 2-9-1920,at Delhi -ROSHAN ARA aka Naseem Bano was the daughter of a famous classical singer Shamshad Begum. She too was very good looking . She was called ” Chhamiya” due to her adakari while singing. Naseem was so beautiful that even is school days her beauty was discussed by people. When sh was in school,once she came to Bombay and happened to see the shooting of ” Silver King-35″. She was so impressed with it that she decided to become an actress.

When Sohrab modi proposed to cast her as a Heroin in his “Hamlet”,her family flatly refused but gave in after Naseem sat on a Hunger Strike !. For her second film,’ Khan Bahadur’ she was advertised as a ‘ Beauty Queen’. (Later her daughter Saira bano also got this title). After some films like Divorce,Meetha Zahar and Vasanti,the most important film of her life and also for Minerva Movietone, PUKAR-39 was launched. In this film she enacted the role of Empress Noorjahan,opposite equally handsome actor Chandramohan as Jehangir. She looked cute and beautiful as Queen in the get up. She became an All India star overnight and got the Title ” Pari-Chehra ” from the critics. Her song ‘ Zindagi ka saaz” became so famous that thousands of records were sold in no time.

She married producer Director Mohammed Ehsaan, in 1942. They started their own company- Tajmahal Films and produced Ujala, Begum, Mulaqat and Ajeeb Ladki. The couple had two children- Sultan Ahmed and Saira Banu. After 1947,she stopped singing and did only acting.

Naseem acted in limited films,like Hamlet, Divorce, khan bahadur, Vasanti, Meetha Zahar, Pukar, Ujala, Chal chal re Naujawan, Chandni Raat, Main Haari, begum, Mulakat, Sheesh mahal, Anokhi Ada, Baghi, Shabistan, Sindbad the Sailor, Betaab, Ajeeb Ladki, and Nausherwan E Adil. She did only 20 films. She sang 42 songs in 14 films.

When her mother Shamshad Begum “Chhamiya” died in 1983,many newspapers,magazines and Internet sites published erroneous news that the famous singer Shamshad Begum had died.

In 1953, her husband deserted her and went to Pakistan with the negatives of her films. He made money and Naseem became famous and Popular in Pakistan, without going there. She took her children and went to England for few years, but came back to India to make her daughter an actress.

Naseem Bano died on 20-6-2002.

Naseem bano was never a singer, but she sincerely tried to improve her singing. Her voice was thin and there was a tremor in it,so it sounded sweet( just like Talat).

Naseem Jr. or Miss Naseem Jr. was younger sister of actress Shameem. She was born in Lahore on 8-2-1930. Her father had a shop and he was a General merchant. She was educated in Islamia Girls school, Bombay where she was staying with her actress sister Shameem. After Matriculation, she too wanted to become an actress. While in school she did many dramas. At the age of 13, she did an uncredited small role in film Salma-43.

Her first major film was Jwar Bhata-44- also the first film of Dilip kumar and Mrudula. Her second film was Manorama-44. She acted in few more films Sanyasi-45, Zeenat-45, Door Chalen-46, Amar Raj-46, Jeewan Sapna-46 and Mera Geet-46.

She had a hot temperament and could not get along with co stars and the Directors. Soon the offers diminished. She got married and returned to her hometown-Lahore along with her husband. She did only few films, but it was enough to cause confusion. Her films Jeewan Swapna-46 and Door chalen-46 are generally credited to Naseem Sr.’s filmography.

You will find one more name in the cast-Alaknanda. In Hindi films, there were many sister-pairs who worked as actresses, but in the history of Hindinfilms-both Silent as well as Talkie- there have been only 3 sets of 3 sisters who worked as actresses in the same periods. The first set was of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi in the early 30s. Then in the 40s came the second set of Alaknanda, Tara and Sitara Devi. In the 50s, the last Trio of Padmini, Ragini and Lalitha worked in same period. After this, to my knowledge, no such Trio of actresses came on the screen. If you count step-sister also, then Mehtab was the step sister of Zubeida, Sultana and Shehzadi trio. This made the only Quartet of Sister Actresses in Hindi Film History ever ! Even their mother Fatima acted, directed and Produced films, to boot !! Only their father did not join films !!!

Alaknanda was born in or around 1910 in a Banares situated Mishra family. her clan had a tradition of singing in temples for the last 5 centuries. The family had close relations with Nepal and its Royal family. Her Grandfather was a court singer. Her grandmother and mother were from Nepal, so Alaknanda called herself as ‘ half Nepalese ‘.

When her father wanted to train her and her younger sister Tara, in Dancing and music, there was opposition from their society. Therefore the family moved to another corner of Banares and he started a Music school and trained children of Royal families from Bengal. In one of their visits to Calcutta, Sitara Devi was born in Calcutta. Alaknanda’s first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33. She worked in 38 films till late 40s. She had sung 15 songs in 7 films. She got Cancer and died sometime in or around 1947. Not much information is available about her or her sister Tara/Tara Devi/Tarabai. Vithal Pandya, in his book mentions that in her last days, Tara stayed in Bombay slums and worked as extra in films in her old age.( Famous dancer Gopi krishna was her son) Sitara Devi, on the contrary,lived a famous,rich and majestic life, with several marriages. That’s life, anyway.

The Hero of the film was Ishwarlal, who was a fixture in Ranjit for 13 years. ISHWARLAL was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya,Kathewar,Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi.

He belonged to a Jain family. His father was in Police department at Kathiawar Agency. His father died when Ishwarlal was just 3 year old and mother raised him.

After Matriculation, he completed Teaching Diploma at the age of 16, but did not a job as he was underage.He came to Bombay, where his brother had some business, in 1927 to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome.

He got a job in Ranjit Studios. He started with silent films at a salary of Rs. 35 pm.His first Talkie film was Bhutiya Mahal-1932.Then came Char Chakram-32.He started acting and singing in films.Initially he sang only duets.Meanwhile,with Jwalamukhi-36,he became Hero.He sang many songs in Ranjit films,but the records are not available.Those days,not all songs of the film were recorded for commercial purpose.

In Billi-38,he sang a duet with Sunita devi and also in Aaj ka Hindustan.In Ummeed-41,he had a duet with Nurjahan.In Pyaas-41,he sang with S.Pradhan.

He got to sing a solo song for the first time in 1942 in Fariyaad. In Jabaan, under C.Ramchandra,he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-
Diwali, Dheeraj, Chandni, Bhola shikar, Nadira, Sitamgar, Veer babruwahan, Barrister’s wife, College kanya, Desh dasi, Keemti aansoo, Dil ka daku, Jwalamukhi, Sajni, Dil farosh, Adhuri kahani, Thokar, Holi, Pyar, Bansari Lalkar, Chirag, Us paar etc.

He worked in Ranjit for 13 years. Then he worked with Prafull pictures, Sun art, Wadia, Hind pictures and Atre Pictures also.

In 1945,he was the hero of Noorjehan in Badi Maa,but he had no songs, in fact his last songs were in Us Paar-1944. His singing stopped completely when Rafi gave him playback in film Sharbati Aankhen-45.

Then he did character roles in Subhadra,Mahasati tulsi vrinda,Sanskar,Naulakha haar,Khuda ka banda etc.

He acted in 86 films. He also directed 11 films. He sang36 songs in 14 films. His last film released was was kahani kismet ki-73
He was married in 1931 to a loyal wife kamalabai. They had no issues. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

With today’s song, film Manorama-44 makes its Debut on this Blog.

(Credits- Vithal Pandya’s books, Film Directory, Beetehuedin blog, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, HFGK and my notes )


Song-Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare(Manorama)(1944) Singers-C Ramchandra, Hamida Bano, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Anjum Pilibhiti, MD-C Ramchandra
Chorus
C Ramchandra + Chorus

Lyrics

Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare
Taaron ki chhainyyaan mein jamuna kinaare
gaawe khushi ke geet gin gin
gaawe khushi ke geet
ho
jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

ho o o
dhobiyaa ko chahai
haan
dui dui mehariya
haan
dhobiyaa ko chaihai
dui dui mehariya
ek ghar aur ek ghaat
ek se mangaawen chiilam tambaaku
ek se mangaawen chilam tambaaku
ek se karihen preet
hilmil
gaawen khusi ke geet
ho
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho
jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

zulfon mein daal phoolinwa dhobiyaa
moonchhon pe daike taav
zulfon mein daal phoolinwa dhobiyaa
moonchhon pe daike taav
bainyya pakad mohe chhatiyaa lagaike
bainyya pakad mohe chhatiyaa lagaike
jobna liyo hai jeet
hamra jobna liyo hai jeet

ho jiyo jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

taas mein jeete nahile ko dahila
dahile ko jeete ghulaam
haan
taas mein jeete nahile ko dahila
dahile ko jeete ghulaam
hamri ?? bitiya re tori
hamri ?? bitiya re tori
?? ne li hai jeet
haay raam
?? ne li hai jeet
ho

jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho

na main maangoon kotha atariya
na kuchh maangoon aur
na main maangoon kotha atariya
na kuchh maangoon aur
godi mein dhobiya ke hamre gosainyya
godi mein dhobiya ke hamre gosainyya
jaaye umariya beet
hamri jaaye umariya beet

ho
jiyo jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo
ho jiyo raam jiyo
dhobi ke laal jiyo

ho ho ho ho


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3710 Post No. : 14637

“Wo Zamaana”(1947) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjeet Movietone, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Khursheed (Junior), Lalita Pawar, Altaf, Padma Bannerji, Subhadra Devi, Sheikh Hasan, S N Tripathi, Pt Iqbal, Joshi, Ramswaroop, Nafeez Khalili, Kaabuli, Iqbal Hussain, Ibrahim, Bhupatrai Ojha etc in it.

This movie had ten songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Wo Zamaana”(1947) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Mohantara Talpade and Rati Kumar Vyas. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bulo C Rani.

Only the audio of this rare “expression of love” song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.

With this song, Rati Kumar Vyas makes his debut in the blog as a singer. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on this singer.


Song-Ho saloni naari tere roop ka jagat bhikaari(Wo Zamaana)(1947) Singers-Mohantara Talpade, Rati Kumar Vyas, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

hey ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
hey ae ae ae
saajan to teekha bhala
ae ae
jyon barse talwaar
ae ae ae ae
paani jiska dekh kar
haaye chhup jaaye sansaar
ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae

ae ae ae ae
ae ae ae ae
ae
naari to baanki bhali
jaise dhanush kamaan
ae ae ae ae
tirchhe chitwan
baan pe ae
ae
isi se karat nishaan

o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari
jab se geet sunaaya tumne
jab se geet sunaaya tumne
pad gayi koyal kaali
kaali
kook kook kar
kook kook kar
deti tujhko
?? adharon se gaali
gaali
manhaari
matwaari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari

kaliyon ka ras rang churaaya
kaliyon ka ras rang churaaya
bhav ?? uthhe man mein
man mein
nain raseele
nain raseele
dekh tihaare
hirni bhaagi van mein
van mein
balihaari
balihaari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
o o o
saloni naari
tere roop ka jagat bhikaari
tere roop ka jagat pujaari


Blog Day : 3709 Post No. : 14635

“Sipahsaalaar”(1956) was produced by F C Mehra and directed by Mohammad Hussain for Eagle Films, Bombay. The movie had Shammi Kapoor, Nadira, Shyam Kumar, Randheer, Kamal Mehra, S Nazeer, Samson, Kumkum, Helen, Cuckkoo, Jagdeesh Kamal, Amrit Rana, Rafiq, Ravikant, Kamal Mohan, Rajan Kapoor, Nazeer Kashmiri, Uma Dutt, Balaram, Sattar, Dhondhu, Habeeb etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it according to HFGK. But it seems that the sixth song (whose record number in not known) has the same lyrics and singers as fifth song, so these songs can be considered as one and the same. So effectively the movie had five songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Sipahsaalaar”(1956) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Farooque Kaiser is the lyricist. Muusic is composed by Iqbal.

Only the audio of this song is available. The song sounds like a dance song. Going by the sounds of it, this song could have been picturised on Cuckkoo, Kumkum or Helen. I request our kowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this lilting dance song.


Song-Aji o jee tumhen dekh jiya lahraaye (Sipahsalaar)(1956) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Farooque Kaiser, MD-Iqbal

Lyrics

aji oh ji

aji oh ji
tumhen dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni nazar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji
tumhen dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni nazar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji

tujhe meri kasam zara sun to balam
tujhe meri kasam zara sun to balam
tera pyaar kare mere dil pe sitam
mere dil pe sitam
mujhe roz roz tadpaaye
aji oh ji
tumhe dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni nazar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji

chup chaap rahoon
kuchh bhi na kahoon
chup chaap raoon
kuchh bhi na kahoon
tera dard piya kab tak main sahoon
kab tak mai sahoon
ye bhed aaj khul jaaye

aji oh ji
tumhe dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni nazar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji

main gaaun yahaan
tum jhoomo wahaan
main gaaun yahaan
tum jhoomo wahaan
wo baat karo bekaar jahaan
ki saare jahaan
ki saare jahaan
hamen dekh dekh jal jaaye
aji oh ji
tumhe dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni najar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji
tumhen dekh jiya lahraaye
zara apni nazar kabhi kar lo udhar
mera ang ang sharmaaye
aji oh ji


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3708 Post No. : 14634

“Baabuji”(1950) was directed by Bhagwan for Udai Productions, Bombay. This stunt movie had Bhagwan, Leela Gupte, Baburao, Usha Shukla, Vasant Rao, Azeem, Jaani, Mirajkar, Zafar, Vitthalrao, Dhondu, Anmanta, Swami etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two song from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Baabuji”(1950) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Sulochana Kadam. Ehsan Rizvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by P Ramakant.


Song-Nazar se nazar lad gayi (Baabuji)(1950) Singer-Sulochana Kadam, Lyrics-Ehsan Rizvi, MD-P Ramakant

Lyrics

nazar se nazar lad gayi ee ee eeee
haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam

nasheeli teri aankhen hai be piye ae ae
nasheeli teri aankhen hai be piye ae ae
hamen zahar gairon ko amrit diye
hamen zahar gairo ko amrit diye
kisi ki nahin ban padi deed(?) kiye ae
pilaane par jab ad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye raam
nazar se nazar lad gayi

hansi wo sharaarat ki hansne lage ae ae
hansi wo sharaarat ki hasne lage ae ae
gade(?) bachne waale bhi hansne lage
gade(?) bachne waale bhi hansne lage
bichhe jaal sau phande kasne lage ae
girah aur bhi pad gayi
jigar mein chhuri gad gayi haaye ram
nazar se nazar lad gayi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14633

——————————————————————–
Discussion on economics-2
——————————————————————–
Any Government, no matter what kind it is (Democratic, autocratic, Kingdom etc) needs money to function.

Government incurrs two kinds of expenditures:
1. Mandatory expenditures- on salaries of government staff, pensions of retired staff, debt servicing on loan taken etc.

2. Public administration, law and order, welfare activities, infrastructure development.

Money for all these comes from taxes, and if taxes are not enough, from borrowings (loans). It is desirable that most amount required for government is collected through taxes and not through borrowings.

Government collects money mainly though taxes. If country makes good progress (typically measured as GDP) then the government benefits through tax. But then how much tax gets collected depends on tax structure of a country as well as on the tax compliance of the country.

In general, higher the GDP, one would expect higher amount of tax collection for a country. But two countries with similar GDP can have collection of different amount of taxes. For instance, France and India have similar GDP. But their tax collections and accordingly their national budgets are different.

CIA factbook figures- from 2017 shows that

Comparison parameter India France
GDP (nominal) $ billions 2611 2584
Percentage of Tax collection to GDP 9.4% 56.2 %
Budget- Revenue $ billions 229.3 1446
Budget- Expenditures $ billions 330.3 1515
Budget deficit in % of GDP 4.1 2.7

Thus we see that India and France have similar GDP, but the revenue collected through taxation etc in France is more than 50 % of GDP whereas India was not able to collect even 10 % of GDP as revenue. So the advantage of such a large GDP could not be made use of by Indian Government. This is food for thought for those in India who do not pay taxes or underpay taxes and then blame government for not doing anything/ enough for them. Government can work to fulfill public aspirations only from the money that they receive as revenue. If Indian Government received as much in revenue as France receives then India would develop at an enormous rate and many public “grievances” would get addressed promptly and effectively.

Indians are used to receiving subsidies instead of paying for the goods/ services. While it may make them feel good on short term basis, these subsidies do not come for free. They are far more costly for the national economy that if we simply paid for the service without availing subsidy.

Let me illustrate my point by the example of petroleum prices which is a “burning” issue in India at present. Opposition parties are telling that the government is harrassing public by not reducing oil prices and so the government is anti people.

Let us examine the issue in some detail.

India imports crude oil and then refines it in refineries of oil companies of India. These refined products are then offered at retail outlets for sale. Though GST regime had come in existence in India but petroleum products are so far kept out of its ambit. So Petroleum products have the same old taxes as before namely excise duty which is levied by Central Government on oil companies and VAT which is levied by state governments at sales outlets.

So, the prices of petroleum products in India are determined mostly by taxes namely excise duty and VAT.

We have seen above that the tax collection in India is abysmal. Direct tax (viz Income tax and corporate tax) is paid by just one percent of population whereas indirect taxes (earlier there were so many of them, now just GST is there) traditionally yielded very little because most of indirect taxes were evaded and they never reached the coffers of the government.

Keeping all this in mind, Governments (Central as well as states) have deliberately kept Petroleum products out of GST and the same old taxes have been kept on them. This is one source of revenue, which unlike Income tax and other indirect taxes cannot be evaded and so it forms a very good chunk of revenues for Central as well as states.

If crude price goes up, then domestic prices are raised. If on the other hand, crude prices drop then domestic prices are not lowered. The additional revenue that accrues to governments when prices are low are plowed back into all these infrastructure and welfare works that are taking place all over the country. As long as this tax money is going for nation building and other essential activities then one should not mind it too much.

Let us examine what happens when Government decides to keep the prices of petroleum prices down artificially despite crude price skyrocketing. It basically means giving subsidy of that amount. Money for subsidy has to be raised from somewhere.

Let us examine the populist actions and their repercussions.

Government decides to lower the price by say Rs 10 and so gives a subsidy of Rs 10 per litre namely it reduced excise duty by Rs 10.

From where this Rs 10 will get compensated ? As discussed above, from tax collected, failing which borrowing. We have already seen what poor tax collection we get in India, so that leaves borrowing as the only option.

Steps Government Action Action for compensation Economic/ Market reaction
ONE Give subsidy Take loan to compensate for the loss Current Account Deficit goes up
TWO Borrow money from market Money borrowed from market by Government Fiscal deficit goes up
THREE Revenue earned in future to be used for repaying debt Money that should have been used for infrastructure/ public works going instead towards loan repayment Interest rate goes up
FOUR External trade gets affected adversely Import increases and export falls Trade deficit goes up
FIVE Rupee weakens Import becomes costly Rupee gets devalued
SIX Foreign currency gets stronger Foreign currency becomes costly and scarce Foreign currency reserve falls affecting imports
SEVEN High Fiscal deficit sends adverse signal to FII (Foreign institutional investors) FII withdraw their money Share market falls and market sentiment becomes negative
EIGHT Foreign capital exits the market Foreign capital becomes scarce Growth of economy slows down

I have stopped at step eight. There are other steps as well that becomes more and more catastrophic. Providing subsidy is akin to taking loan and that too a hefty loan and we keep repaying this loan back for many years and even decades. A good part of revenue earned by the government goes into loan repayment instead of going into useful infrastructure/ welfare work.

Giving subsidy instead of charging for it has cost the nation heavily and the public (who themselves demand these subsidies) themselves have to bear the burden in future.

One question that gets asked it, how did the previous government keep petroleum price in check despite high crude price. Answer- by taking the easy way out viz by providing subsidy. The nation and the public paid heavily for it for years.

Here is how it worked out.

One barrel of crude oil was $130. The government became hell bent on keeping the domestic price low. They gave heavy subsidy and compensated by borrowing money in the form of Oil bond. It caused Fiscal Deficit to rise.

That oil subsidy caused fiscal deficit and that led to interest rise, causing slump of business activities, this in turn led to inflation. The credit rating agency Moody threatened to downgrade India’s credit rating which shows that Foreign investors had lost faith in Indian market.

And all that just because of this populist decision of trying to keep the oil price down through subsidy.

One of the present day oil price rise protester, who was on the PM chair at that time, addressed the nation at that time on 4 june 2008 and he had this to say while providing oil subsidy-

“I would like the nation to remember that issuing bonds and loading deficits on oil companies is not a permanent solution to this problem. We are only passing on our burden to our children , who will have to repay this debt.”

So, those who had no guts to stand up in national interest ten years ago are today demanding that the present government show the same spinelessness that they showed during their time in power.

The Oil bond (viz the loan that they took to pay for oil subsidy) was not for a small amount. It was a hefty amount of Rs 2 lakh crore ($26 billions) and it had to be repaid in future. The present Government repaid it out of the foreign exchange reserve. Just imagine ! That previous government left the burden of this $26 billions loan on future governments and future generation of Indians. This amount, which could have financed lots and lots of infrastructure/ welfare works just went away as repayment of unnecessary loan. To put things in perspective, $26 billions is a bigger amount than what a neighboring country, which is in financial dire strait, is desperately looking for from IMF.

So in summary, I would say that the decision not to reduce oil price is in national interest. It is what is Fiscal discipline is all about. I would like all governments to show the same guts in standing firm in national interest. Fiscal discipline has had a salutary effect on Indian economy. Today inflation is down at around 5 % mark from the usual 10 % mark during oil subsidy days. Current Account deficit is 2.4% from a high of around 5 % in the past. Fiscal deficit, which is an indicator of financial health of the nation, is now 3.2 % of GDP (from past figures of 4.5 % of GDP) which is unprecedented for Indian economy. Foreign exchange, despite weakening rupee is at nearly at an all time high. There was a time when India had to approach IMF and had to pledge their gold to them to borrow a sum of $ 2 billions. Today, with a foreign reserve in excess of $400 billions, $2 billions is small change for India.

Squandering public money on populist activities is an act of gross fiscal indiscipline and its consequances can be devastating. There are examples of countries that were destroyed because of populist policies. Argentina, which used to be an advanced economy till 1950 came under the rule of a populist regime and then military dictatorship which destroyed its economy and that economy lies destroyed even today, with that country looking for an IMF bailout package repeatedly, including at present. Then there are other examples as well, viz Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Cyprus etc. Why look at foreign examples. Even Indian economy lay in ruins in 1990 as a result of fiscal indiscipline for three decades, that forced India to approach IMF for bailout in 1991. A nation that felt stung and humiliated before IMF took up the path of liberalization of economy. Some tough and brave decisions by that government and subsequent governments set India on the path of economical recovery and prosperity.

Instead of being misled on trivial issues by people with selfish motives, we should find out real facts about important issues on our own, instead of blindly believing whatsapp forwards that often originate from people with malicious motives. I have seen whatsapp forwards that “informed” us that oil price in India was the highest while is was very low in Pakistan, Nepal etc. The question to be asked is- do you know the condition of public services in Pakistan and Nepal? Pakistan does not have electricity half the time and their electricity tariff is the highest in the world. Their electricity changes are Rs 16 to 20 per unit. In India it is Rs 4 per unit. Are Indians prepared to pay electricity charges that Pakistanis pay ? In India 10000 pairs of trains run daily and a population equal to that of Australia is travelling on IR at any time. In comparison only about 300 trains run in Pakistan and only a population of 1.8 lakh (equal to population of a small town like Khandwa or Ganj Basoda) is travelling in Pakistan Railway in one day. In India, 3.3 lakh people fly by air daily ! In Pakistan only 6600 passengers fly by air in one day. India have the cheapest internet service in the world which is reasonably fast for the price. Many useful services like Railway and airlines reservations, banking services etc are already accessible on internet. Would Indians be ready to have the kind of internet that Pakistanis “enjoy” ? What about law and order ? Providing all these services takes money, and that money comes from taxes. If you provide petrol at subsidised prices that Pakistan and Nepal apparently do then you end up starving your public services with the result that your public services are of poor quality and/ or non existent.

India should compare themselves with China and there we find that the Chinese petroleum prices are similar to Indian prices.

I, as someone who has as much a stake as anyone else in the country, including politicians, would like all my governments to stand firm and gradually dismantle all subsidies. I would also want the tax collections in the country to come at par with advanced countries. All advanced countries collect atleast 25 to 30 % of their GDP as taxes and that is how they are able to finance their government spendings through taxes without needing to take loans. People not paying their taxes and expecting government to give them freebies/ subsidies, that can only be counterproductive. People who do not perform their duties should not expect any free favours. Nothing is free in this world. Someone has to pay for the services that some people may be availing for free or at subsidised rates. It is better if everyone pays for the services he /she is availing.

In brief, one has to make “sacrifices” if one wants to have a better and more prosperous future. If one looks around, one can see infrastructure works going on all around in areas like roadways, railways, ports, waterways, metros, Airports. Then there are welfare works like Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, Ujjawala, Ujaala, Jan Dhan Yojna, Pradhan Mantri M Jan Aushadhi Kendra etc. If taxes paid by us in various forms (including taxes on petroleum) are going for building infrastructure as well as for helping the poor sections of society, then where is the problem. I in fact would feel happy that my taxes are helping the nation grow visibly. What is there to feel aggrieved about ?

Instead of feeling aggrieved about petroleum prices that are not within our control because they are imported, we should on our own try to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel and look for alternative sources of energy that would be within our own control. Government is making long term plans to reduce our dependence on fossil fuel. We may not have notice it, but solar energy is being aggressively promoted. India is rich is sunlight and so we will be self sufficient in solar energy. Today it may only be supplying 2 % of our energy needs, but before we blink our eyes, we will find as much as 50 % of our energy needs being met by solar energy by 2030. That will reduce our dependence on fossil fuel a great deal and oil prices will become a non issue.

“Durga Pooja”(1954) produced by Dhirubhai Desai and his son Sharad Desai and directed by Dhirubhai Desai for Sharad productions, Bombay. The film had Trilok Kapoor, Shahu Modak, Nirupa Roy, S N Tripathi, Kamal, Indira Bansal, Prabha Shanker, Yashodhara Katju etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past. Here is the third song from “Durga Pooja”(1954) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S N Tripathi.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get a few words correct in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Mera ho balidaan (Durga Pooja)(1954) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mere jeewan ke badle mein
miley kisi ko praan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

uthho sakhi mere aansu
ro ro kar tumhen uthhaayen
aaj tumhaare charnon par
ye apne praan chadhaayen
sakhi ko miley suhaag amar
aur mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

pati ke dukh mein dukhi rahe
wo bharat ki sannaari
swaami ko jeewan de wo
ji uthhe raajkumari
iski maut mujhe
mera jeewan ho is ko daan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan
mera ho balidaan

sachhi meri prem saadhna
sachhi pati Vrat??
sachha mera prem(??) agar hai
sachhi pati sang preet
sachhi hai yadi durga maiyya
to mujhko ye var de
pati sewa ke badle
meri ?? ko kar de
hey jagdambey hey ambey
do yahi mujhe vardaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan
mera ho balidaaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3707 Post No. : 14632

Today’s song is from film the film Mahatma Vidur-1943. It is sung by Vishnupant Pagnis. This will be his second song on the Blog.

The song is written by Pt. Narottam Vyas and MD is H.C. aka Harishchandra Bali. The film was produced by Circo productions and directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Durga Khote, nayampalii. Baby Madhuri,Kalyani, David etc.etc.

Thousands of actors worked in Hindi films. All were not heroes, because to become Hero in a film, you require Luck or a God father. There were many One Film Wonders in Hindi films. Some worked in only one film and some worked only in one film worth remembering. So much has been written about this tribe, that I will not repeat it here. However, working in just one film or a film which records your name in the Hindi Film History for ever is something extraordinary. I remember just two such names, offhand, in this category, though, I feel, there could be few more such names. Knowledgeable readers can point them out in the comment section.

The names which I remember are Rajkumar Gupta, who did the role of Ajay in film Jagriti-1954 and Vishnupant Pagnis who did the main role in the film Sant Tukaram-1936 (Marathi version. Its Hindi version came up only in 1948). Rajkumar Gupta-who hailed from Ranchi-acted in only One film, Jagriti, arguably the most meaningful Children’s film ever, and his role of Ajay alongwith the movie has passed into folklore.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did four more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries. This film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 1940s.)

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place called Chicodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. he was a popular artist doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘ Jagchitradarsh ‘, only to wind after two years in 1915. he continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting and worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellary shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portryed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full house in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. he became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaral, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in for more films of the same genre, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music in two films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39. These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis became immortal with just one film Sant Tukaram. Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries.Many books and essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

Today’s film Mahatma Vidur-43 was made on the life of Vidur after he renounced his Royal heritage and displeased the Kauravas by joining the Pandav camp.The film was full of miracle scenes. The art direction was by the legendary Baburao Painter. Story was by mohanlal Dave and dialogeus and lyrics by Narottam Vyas and Mahesh Kaul.

How many of us really know anything about Vidur ? Not many, I am sure. Vidur was an important character in Mahabharat. He was the brother of Dhritrashtra and Pandu, thus an uncle of Kauravas and Pandavas. The story of his birth is interesting.

In the clan of Kuru, Vichitraveerya became the king. Bhishma did his marriage with Ambika and Ambalika, However, the king died without any issues. The Queen mother Satyavati requested the Rajpurohit and family mentor Bhishma to produce children for the clan. But due to his vow of Celibacy, he refused. Then Maharshi Vyas was called in to help, which he agreed. When he went to queen Ambika, she could not tolerate his Teja and closed her eyes. Hence Dhritarashtra was born without vision. Ambalika fell pale and she gave birth to Pandu, who was ill always. Finally a Daasi was asked to go with Vyasa. the Daasi enjoyed the intimacy and a very intelligent and learned Vidur was born. the meaning of word Vidur itself is skillful, intelligent and Philosophical.

In the great war, Vidur sided the Pandavas because they were on the side of Truth. He saved them many times from the plans of Kauravas, especially from the Lakshagriha fire. His advices and principles are known as Vidur Neeti. ( This is supposed to be the precursor to Chanakya Neeti in King Nand’s period.). After the war Vidur was made the PM, but he declined and went to the forest for doing Penance. Dhritarashtra, Gandhari, Kunti and Madri too went with him. Once when Dharmaraj-Yudhishthir- went to call on him, Vidur died in his arm, bestowing all his powers to him. The others with him also died later in a forest fire.

The film was directed by Parshwanath Alatekar. Tbhis name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Kharepatan i n Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. he was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. he abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film company, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made a few Tamil and Kannada films as well.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

Let us now listen to Vishnupant Pagnis singing a song from film Mahatma Vidur-43. The film makes its in debut in the Blog with this song.

(Credits- Hindu Dharma Granth by Pt. Shrinivas, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Film Directory, Prabhat Cinema by Bapu Watwe, Marathi Chitrapat sangeetkar kosh, HFGK, MuVyz and my notes)


Song-Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare (Mahatma Vidur)(1943) Singer-Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyrics-Pt Narottam Vyas, MD-Harishchandra Bali
Chorus

Lyrics

Har kaam mein rahte
Prabhu hamaare
Har kaam mein rahte Prabhu hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mata kheti sab kuchh deti
mata kheti sab kuchh deti
bhare ann bhandaare ae
bhare ann bhandaare ae
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
chalta pyaara kargha pyaara charkha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
karta rahta dhan ki varsha
dhakta badan hamaare
dhakta badan hamaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

ye jeewan sarvas(?)??
ye jeewan sarvas(?) ??
balram krishn ki maiyya
balram krishn ki maiyya
ham jeete un ke sahaare
ham jeete un ke sahaare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare

mukti ka panthh na dooja
mukti ka panthh na dooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
sab kaam prabhu ki pooja
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
nij kaam hi jan ko taare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare
hare muraare


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3705 Post No. : 14630

Today’s song is from film Manchali-43. It is sung by Ramola and Sunder Singh. The lyricist is not mentioned in HFGK, but it is either of the two named therein- G.A.Chishti and Kashyap. The MD was G A Chishti. The film was directed by R C Talwar ( who was earlier an assistant to Kidar Sharma,in Calcutta). The film cast was Ramola, Manorama, Ramdulari, Sunder, A S Gyani, B N Sharma, Suraiya Begum etc etc.

The ‘ Same Name Confusion ‘ has haunted Hindi film industry, since its infant stage, i.e. Silent films. Even here you find a name Suraiya (albeit as Begum). Obviously, she was not the Suraiya- the singing sensation in the late 40s and the 50s. At the time of this film in 1943, she was still ‘ Baby Suraiya ‘, just starting her career. However, there were two more Suraiyas operating at this time. One was Suraiya Chaudhari and the other was Suraiya Zulfi. More in details about these Suraiyas, some other time. Today we will tackle another pair of ‘ Same name confusion ‘, which is different than such pairs discussed so far ( including in the recent book).

In the early stages of Cinema, it was difficult to get girls to work in films. However, as the film industry grew in the mid 1920s, many Anglo-Indian, European and Jew girls started working as Heroines. Since the films were silent, there was no need of knowing Hindustani language or a knowledge of singing. Additionally, due to their open culture, these girls were willing to give romantic, intimate scenes or even kissing on the screen. As such, the Censor had no objection for such scenes. In those days, there were separate Censor Boards for each state or presidency, after the Indian Cinematography Act was passed in 1920. It was implemented in 1927. All the Boards were unified and reconstituted as The Central Board of Film Censors, only in 1952. Till then films or songs used to be banned, if needed, in specific states only. For example, due to objectionable content, Zohrabai Ambalawali’s song from Mann ki jeet-44 was banned in Bombay Presidency, but it was shown all over India.

The biggest number of artists given by a single Non Indian origin community, in those days was the Jews. The Jews came to India in 562 BCE and in 70 CE in two lots. They settled in various parts of India. It was the first foreign religion to come to India, even before Islam or the Zorostrian. There were 8 types of Jews, based on their locations in India.

1. Cochin Jews
2. Madras Jews
3. Bene Israeli Jews in Bombay and Konkan areas
4. Baghdadi Jews-Gujarat, Bengal and Eastern India
5. South Asian Jews
6. Bnei Menashe- NE states
7. Bene Iphraim- Telugu and
8. Delhi Jews- Punjabi

Though the Jews mingled freely and adapted themselves to local atmosphere- maintaining and following Judaism-, the Jews who took up to Film Industry were only the Bene Israeli and Baghdadi Jews. A point to note was that no Jews from Kerala or Madras even entered film line. It was only the Hindi films. There too mainly Jew women joined films. The earliest recorded Jew girl to work as a Heroine in a film was Ruby Meyers ( Sulochana ). She acted in silent film Veer Bala-1925, made by Mohan Bhavnani for Kohinoor Film company, Bombay. She went on working in films and became very popular. When the Talkie film age came, she contacted Imperial film co. to stake her claim, but was rejected as she was not fluent in speaking Hindustani. learning from this, she took one year off and became expert in Hindi and learnt singing too. She made a thumping entry with the Talkie film Madhuri-1932, in which she sang 4 songs also ! Hats off to the dedication !

There were other Jew actresses like Rose Musleah (Miss Rose), Lilian Ezra (Lilian), Marcia Soloman(Vimla), Rachel Sofaer(Arti Devi), Esther Abraham (Pramila), Susan Soloman(Feroza Begum), Florence Ezekiel(Nadira) and many more. Among the males- David Jseph Penkar wrote the story and dialogues of Alam Ara-1931, Actor David Cheulkar (David ), Ezekiel Penkar (Viju Penkar- Tarzan film Tarzan and the Cobra-88 and few more films) and Lily Ezekiel (Asha Bhende), Edvyn Meyers (Ezra Mir) and Pearl Padamsi are well known Jews. There were some male Jews in the Technical side also.

In film Manchali-1943, the Heroine was Ramola (Rachel Cohen).

Actress Ramola (real name- Rachel Cohen) was born in a Jew family on 5-7-1917, at Bombay. Her father Hayam Cohem was a school Teacher. Her initial education was done in Bombay. Later they shifted to Calcutta where she completed her matriculation and joined films. Her first film was ‘ Graher fer’-38,a Bangla film. She did few small roles and then came ‘Khazanchi’-41 from Pancholi of Lahore. This changed her career and she became a popular actress. She did films like Masoom,Khamoshi manchali.etc etc.

Initially,Ramola was a small actress. First she acted on stage along with her two sisters. Then she got a Bangla film. It was Jagdish Sethi who introduced her to director/lyricist/dialogue writer Kidar Sharma.
According to Kidar Sharma,

“She was smart and a charming young lady. Her only drawback was her height. She was not tall, just about 5 feet, but she had lofty ambitions. One day she came to see me and I promised I would personally take her to the director of her choice. She said, “I would like to be introduced to Mr. Nitin Bose, and no one else.” I took her to Mr. Bose, and was sure that her charm and talent would impress him.

Mr. Bose scanned her, from top to toe, while I praised her talent and her choice of a director, like Nitin Bose. After a long silence, Mr. Bose addressed me and said, “When you brought her to me, why did you forget to bring some bricks for her to stand on?” Poor Ramola was hurt and heart-broken by this great director’s caustic remark. She quietly said, “Goodbye” and walked away from his office.

I followed her and found that she was in tears. ‘I was moved by the plight of a struggling youngster having high hopes, being ridiculed for something which nature was responsible for. I knew what it felt like to be ridiculed. I had experienced it often enough. I escorted her to the tram junction and there she bid me goodbye. To encourage her, I said, “Please, Ramola, don’t be heart-broken. One day, when I become a director, you will be my first heroine, and we will prove to Mr. Bose and the world, what a great star you are.” Ramola laughed and said,- “Poor Mr. Kidarnath, the dialogue-writer will never be a director and I will never be a heroine.” So saying, she jumped into the tram.”

However, Kidar Sharma kept his promise and cast her in his first film as director Aulad / Dil Hi Tou Hai (1939). Aulad/Dil Hi To hai was a down-to-earth story of a middle-class father, who had sacrificed all his life to educate his son and is darling daughter, hoping that they would be worthy children to the society and to the family. Little did the old man know that the generation gap would present a different, horrifying reality, which would destroy him completely. The modern college Miss, who destroys the dreams of her old father, the aged struggling middleclass man, was played by Ramola.

After the success of the film, Ramola got romantically involved with R.C. Talwar, Kidar Sharma’s assistant who later became a director in his own right. According to Kidar Sharma, “R.C. Talwar was a classmate and friend so I ignored his relationship with Ramola.”

Later Ramola appeared in many films including Qaidi, Khazanchi, Khamoshi, Swan Aya Re, Rim Jhim etc. When she acted in Pancholi’s famous film Khazanchi-41, she became famous all over India and film offers started pouring on her. She looked so cute in her Punjabi dress- Salwar and Kurta- in that film, that this dress became famous and popular as Khazanchi dress amongst the women in India.

She acted in 23 films in Hindi and 5 films in Bangla. She even sang 14 songs in 4 Hindi films. After the arrival of new heroines including Madhubala, Nargis, Meena Kumarietc, Ramola’s career got eclipsed and she bid farewell to her film career. Her last 3 films Actor, Jawani Ki Aag and Stage were released in 1951. However her actual last film was the Bangla film, Anurag-51

Ramola was married twice. Her second husband, Leslie Rondeau, was a Captain in the British Air Force, who helped to train Indian pilots in the IAF post Indian Independence. Her son, Sam, from her first husband, migrated to Israel in the 1950s. She had two daughters, Dena and Linda, from her second marriage. Dena, based in London today, even acted in a film, GP Sippy’s Ahsaas (1979), and works in the fashion industry while Linda, a resident of Bombay, was an air-hostess with Air India. With her generous and large hearted spirit, Ramola also ‘adopted’ and looked after another 14 families, helping them move ahead in life.

Ramola passed away in Bombay on 10-12-1988.

While Ramola was doing films, another actress having a similar name Romilla appeared on the scene. Romilla was actually Sofia Abraham, the younger sister of actress Pramila (Esther Abraham). Daughter of a retired Government Contractor, Romilla was born at Calcutta, After passing the Junior Cambridge examination she came to Bombay. She joined Imperial Film co. After doing some nondescript and uncredited roles, she became the heroine in Prince Movietone’s film Calcutta after Midnight-37. She started working in C grade stunt films of Mohan pictures and others. Some of her films were Bismil ki Arzoo-37,Cyclewali-38, Chabukwali-38, Thunder-39, Ratna lutari-39, Suhana Geet-41 ( later re issued as Toote Dil-47), Sarovar ki Sundari-42, Pistolwali-43 etc etc.

After this she got married and bid goodbye to films.

Today’s song is sung by Ramola and Sunder singh, who became a comedian after his film Shukriya-44. With this song, the film “Manchali”(1943) makes its Debut on the Blog.

(Credits- Times of Israel, The wire, ‘Mother, maiden, Mistress’ by Somaiya and Kothari, Cineplot, Film Directory-48, HFGK, MuVyz, Upperstall, wikipedia and my notes)


Song-Ho koi rang rangeeli aaye (Manchali)(1943) Singers-Sundar, Ramola, MD-G A Chishti

Lyrics

Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chhail chhabeeli aaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee
Ho koi chh chh chh chh chhail chhabeeli aaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

tum kya ho
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
main raani tujhe banaaun
aur geet khushi ke gaaun
jo mera jee bahlaaye
jo mera jee bahlaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye

main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
main jhoola tujhe jhulaaun
aur jee tera bahlaaun
to kya ho

tab jeewan sukh paaye ae ae ae
tab jeewan sukh paaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
ho koi chatak matak kar
matak latak kar
jhoola mujhe jhulaaye
Ho koi rang rangeelee aaye
ho ho
ho o o o
o o o


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3704 Post No. : 14628

Today (8 september 2018) is the 85 birth anniversary of Asha Bhonsle.

Lots and lots have been written about her over the years. Most of these writings include popular songs sung by her over the decades. There are articles that tell us about the top “n” number of songs sung by her.

This blog already has more than 2500 Asha Bhonsle songs. The 6000th song in the blog was dedicated to her.

Legends do not become legends just because of their skills in their chosen field- viz singing powess in this case. There are far many other things that come into play. Asha Bhonsle has been a very strong character, a survivor against heavy odds, and a fighter to the core who made it big despite facing situations that would have crushed lesser mortals.

Unlike most, she kept on reinventing herself with time. Her singing in 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, 1990s are not the same. She added new feathers to her cap in every decade.

Most HFM legends fail to impress when they are interviewd on radio or TV and they are not able to express themselves as we would like to see them. But Asha Bhonsle is an exception. She is a great conversationalist who enlivens any talk show or interview that she participates in. Youtube has several of her interviews/ talk shows. In this respect she was like Kishore Kumar, who was a wonderful conversationalist. Here is a link where Asha Bhonsle talks about Kishore Kumar.

She was a great socialiser of course. She would socialise not just with her fellow artists, but their family members as well and would forge friendships that would last for decades. One very interesting friendship that she and her siblings forged was with Sivaji Ganeshan. Asha Bhonsle had gone to Madras (now Chennai) for a recording in 1960s. There she watched a Tamil movie called “Paava Mannippu”. After coming back to Bombay (now Mumbai), she told her siblings that they HAD to watch this actor Sivaji Ganeshan. So they all went to Aurora Theatre in Bombay where this movie was being screened.

During interval, they all realised that they were crying though they did not understand a word of Tamil in the movie. They all felt that Sivaji Ganeshan reminded them of their father late Dinanath Mangeshkar.

The next day, they contacted Sivaji Ganeshan and told him that they were coming to Madras to meet him. They flew to Madras, arrived at this home, hugged him, tied him rakhis and cried.

That formed a close bond with Sivaji Ganeshan and his family that lasts even today, more than fifty years later, even after the demise of Sivaji Ganeshan.

Sivaji Ganeshan’s wife Kamlaa Ganeshan did not know Hindi or English, but only Tamil. Still Lata and Asha Bhonsle would stay engaged in conversation with her for hours, Kamala Ganeshan in Tamil and Lata/Asha in Hindi. They would shop together and spend lots of time together.

On the occasion of her 85th birth anniversary, here is a song from “Bhaagyawaan”(1953). Film Bhagyawaan-53 was produced by Mahipat Rai and Anupchand Shah and directed by Datta Dharmadhikari for Roopkamal Chitra, Bombay. The movie had Nirupa Roy, Raja Nene, Radhakishan, Yashodhara Katju, Ratan Kumar, Qamar, Baby Mala, Alhad, Balraj Sahni, Shakuntala etc in it.

The movie had five songs in it. One song has been covered.

This second song from “Bhaagyawaan”(1953) is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Neelkanth Tiwari is the lyricist. Music is composed by Avinash Vyas.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

We take this opportunity to wish Asha Bhonsle a happy birthday and many happy returns of the day.


Song-Naari nahin hai sapna naari nahin kahaani(Bhaagyawaan)(1953) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Neelkanthh Tiwari, MD-Avinash Vyas

Lyrics

naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani
naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani

naari ki zindagi to
kaanton mein hi pali hai
naari ki zindagi to
kaanton mein hi pali hai
aansu ke jal mein phooli ee
ban kar kamal kali hai ae ae
aansu ke jal mein phooli ee
ban kar kamal kali hai
phir bhi zahar wo peekar
amrit hi baant’ti hai
aa aa aa aa aa aa
phir bhi zahar wo pee kar
amrit hi baant’ti hai
wo phool ki pankhuriyaa aa aa
lohe ko kaat’ti hai
lohe ko kaat’ti hai
naari nahin hai sapna aa aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari ki god mein hi ee
palti hai zindagaani

sab kuchh wo jeet kar bhi
sab kuchh wo haarti hai
hai sneh ki wo devi ee ee
mamta ki aarti hai
ghar ghar ki hai wo lakshmi
sindoor ban ke damke
mauqa pade to choodi
talwaar ban ke chamke
talwaar ban ke chamke
naari nahin hai sapna aa
naari nahin kahaani
naari nahin hai sapna aa
naari nahin kahaani


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3704 Post No. : 14627

“Wo Zamaana”(1947) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjeet Movietone, Bombay. This “historical” movie had Khursheed (Junior), Lalita Pawar, Altaf, Padma bannerji, Subhadra Devi, Sheikh Hasan, S N Tripathi, Pt Iqbal, Joshi, Ramswaroop, Nafeez Khalili, Kaabuli, Iqbal Hussain, Ibrahim, Bhupatrai Ojha etc in it.

This movie had ten obscure songs in it. One song has been covered in the past

Here is the second song from “Wo Zamaana”(1947) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Mohantara Talpade. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Bulo C Rani.

Only the audio of this “calling the beloved” song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the movie as well as on the picturisation of the song.


Main parwat khadi pukaaroon (Wo Zamaana)(1947) Singer-Mohantara Talpade, Lyrics-Pt Indra, MD-Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
teri palchhin baat nihaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
teri palchhin baat nihaaroon
sajanva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re

wo mast morni ee ee
wo mast morni
mor dekh kar dole ae dole
wo mast morni ee ee
wo mast morni
mor dekh kar dole ae dole
tum aao to mere man ki maina bole ae bole
tum aao to mere man ki maina bole ae bole
main preet ka jaadoo daaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main preet ka jaadoo daaroon
balamva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re

kya karoon kya karoon
kya karoon kya karoon
kya karoon
preet meri laaj ka ghoonghat khole ae khole
kya karoon
preet meri laaj ka ghoonghat khole ae khole
lo suno
jiya mora piya piya piya bole ae bole
lo suno
jiya mora piya piya piya bole ae bole
main kaise tujhe bisaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re
main kaise tujhe bisaaroon
balamva aa aa re
balamva aa aa re
main parwat khadi pukaaroon
balamva aa aa re
sajanva aa aa re


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14646

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1147
Total Number of movies covered =4000

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