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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rare song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3995 Post No. : 15089

There will hardly be a person who has not seen film Mughal E Azam or heard about it. The film was famous and the man who made it – K.Asif – became known to all because of this film. However, K.Asif was not a prolific film maker. In reality, K.Asif (14-6-1922 to 9-3-1971) directed only two and half films. His first film was Phool-45, second was Mughal E Azam-60 and his last attempt was the unfinished film Love and God ( aka Kaiz and Laila)-1986. This film was released as an unfinished film by his kins on 27-5-1986, 15 years after K.Asif died. Asif had produced a film, ‘Hulchul-51’, but he did not direct it.

K.Asif first conceived the film Mughal E Azam in 1944, after reading a play on Emperor Akbar (1556-1605). The film changed its story, MD, cast etc, several times, from what was planned originally and subsequently, but the director remained the same – K.Asif. However, he made another film, Phool in 1945, in normal period of making a film. Asif was an extraordinary person. He was fond of dreaming big and doing it big. Accordingly, even in his first film Phool-45, he took 14 famous stars of those times in his film. By far, it must have been a true Multi-Star film in those days.

The cast of the film almost ran like a list of leading stars. It consisted of Veena, Sitara, Suraiya, Prithwiraj kapoor, Yaqub, Wasti, Mazhar, Ashraf khan, Durga Khote, Majid, M.Ismail, Dikshit, Agha, Jillobai etc etc. The film was produced by K.Abdulla, screenplay was by Kamaal Amrohi and the music by Ghulam Haider. The film was made under the banner of Famous Films, Bombay.

Today’s song is from film Phool-45.

During the decade of the 40s, the struggle for India’s Independence had also heated up. As England was engaged in the second world war, it was thought to be the right time to increase pressure on them, so that after the war, India could get its Independence. By those times, it was very well known that there would be a Partition and a Muslim nation ” Pakistan” would be created by dividing India.

With this background suddenly, making films on Muslim life and culture gained momentum. From 1940 to 1947 as many as 19 films on Muslim culture were made. They were, Paak daman-40, Qaidi-40, Muslim ka laal-41, Masoom-41, Bulbul E Baghdad-41, Fashio-43, Najma-43, Salma-43, Bade Nawab Sahab-44, Bhaijaan-44, Ismat-44, Phool-45, Humayun-13, Rehana-46, Dil-46, Arab ka Sitara-46, Alibaba-46, Shalimar-46, and Mulaqat-47.

Actress Veena was the Heroine in film Phool-45. How she came into films is an interesting story. Veena was born as Tajwar Sultana, on 4-7-1926, at Quetta in Baluchistan (now in Pakistan). Her father was in Railways, so he was transferred many times and her education was done at various places, including Delhi. After her Matriculation, she was sent to a women’s college, with Hostel, in Amritsar. In those days, her brother Shehzada Iftekhar was an assistant Cameraman at Northern India Studios, Lahore. This studio advertised for a Heroine, for their new Punjabi film ” Gawandi “.

A Bangali lecturer from Veena’s college had applied. A few days later, a team (including her brother) from Lahore came to interview her, but she was rejected as she did not know Punjabi well enough. Veena was very keen to apply, but her brother warned her about the family resistance. She prodded him to give her photo to the visitors. Seeing her photo, she was called to Lahore for screen Test. All this was without letting the family know.

One Saturday, Veena left for Lahore. Next day she gave the screen test, mouthing dialogues written by Wali Saheb. She was selected and offered the role. One of the producers- Sheth Kishorilal, suggested to change her name for the screen as Veena ( it was his daughter’s name) and she became Veena.

She completed film ‘Gawandi-42’, opposite Hero Shyam, in just one month and in the next one month, she did another film ‘ Ravi Paar-42’, opposite Hero S.D.Narang. All this was without family’s knowledge, but she was aware of the impending storm. She returned to college. News about her film work had already reached the college. She was thrown out of the college and the hostel for this.

When she returned home, as expected there was a great scene. She was scolded and locked in a room. Her family wanted to get her married, which she vehemently opposed. Her family went to the producers and demanded that the films be destroyed. Of course, this was was not accepted. Meanwhile, Veena had received film offers from Mazhar Khan, Mehboob, Bombay Talkies and Rajneet. She left her house with brother and reached Bombay. Mazhar khan paid her Rs.2000 per month with a Bungalow and a Car. She did her first Hindi film ” Yaad “-42. Then came Najma-43 from Mehboob, Rajputani-44 from Ranjit etc etc. She earned One lakh rupees per film.

Veena did about 100 Hindi films in her career, till she retired in 1983. Even after her husband, Al Nasir’s death in 1957, she continued to stay and work in India with her children. Veena died on 14-11-2004. ( adapted from her interview in Shama, November 1981. Thanks to book ” ye un dinon ki baat hai” by Yasir Abbasi).

Film Phool-45 was written by Kamaal Amrohi. It was a story of lasting love, bravery and faithfulness. The film was released in Roxy Theatre in Bombay and it became a hit. There were good reviews in media and even Baburao Patel of Film India appreciated the director K.Asif’s work. However, the music of Ghulam Haider was criticised. None of the songs became very popular.

The story of film Phool-45 revolved around two families. Safdar and Akhtar are brothers. Religious minded Safdar has a beautiful daughter Shama (Veena). Together they want to build a Mosque. Lazy brother Akhtar and his arrogant wife have two sons-Zahid and Sharif. They want that Shama should marry useless Zahid. Shama is in love with Dr. Saleem who is Akhtar’s nephew. Saleem (Prithwiraj) has a Hindu sister- Rekha (Suraiya), who was an orphan.

On the day of marriage of Saleem and Shama, Dr. Saleem has to leave on duty abroad. Shama’s father Safdar dies with this shock. Shama and Rekha become very close friends. Dr. Saleem is lured by dancer Laila (Sitara), but he declines. Laila uses a medicine, by which Saleem loses his memory.Now he joins Laila’s troupe and they visit many cities.

Once they arrive in a city, where Shama lives. On information from people about Saleem, she goes to meet him, but he does not recognise her due to loss of memory. Next day Saleem falls from the stage accidentally and his memory comes back. He leaves Laila and comes back to Shama. Saleem and Shama get united. The evil son Zahid is killed by lightening. All is well that ends well. ( adapted from the book,” Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947, by Kamlakar Pasupuleti.)

Let us now listen to the chorus song. Lyricist’s name is not given in HFGK. Since the story, screenplay and dialogues are by Kamaal Amrohi, like the uploader-Sadanand Kamath ji, I too feel he must be the Lyricist also.


Song-Gori kar le ham se pyaar (Phool)(1945) MD-Ghulam Haider

Lyrics

Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
arararaarar
baalam se jab aankhen ho jaayen chaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

nainanwa mein neend lagi hai
man mein uthhe tarang
haan chori chori manwa khele
baalamwa ke sang
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

man ki beena baaj rahi hai
goonj uthhe sab taar
chauraahe par khadi jawaani
arararara
le phoolon ke haar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana aa
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

raat suhaani bhari jawaani
masti ki rut aayi
haan chanda se mukhde par kaahe
ghor badariya chhaayi
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo
gori zara hamse bolo
haan haan zara ghoonghat kholo

roopnagar ki raani aayi
kar solah singaar
ang ang se joban barse
ararararara
nainan barse pyaar
hamko bhool na jaana
hamko bhool na jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar
ho baalam ghar jaana
Gori kar le
Gori kar le ham se pyaar

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3992 Post No. : 15085

“Sandhya”(1975), though a movie of recent vintage by the standards of this blog, is an obscure movie. This movie was directed by Mirza Masood Baig and Sunil Kumar for Knight Films, Bombay. This “social” movie had Aziz Mirza, Nargis Bano, Sunil Kumar, Ranjeeta Thakur, Sharad Kumar, Neelo Roy, Kamal Kapoor, Heeralal, Ratnmala, Haider KUmar, Dilip Dutt, Mona, Baby Bindu, Mishri Lal, Hariram Raheja, Maujiram, Radheshyam, Mohammad ali, Harun, Romeo, Rehan, Surendra Sharma, Prasad, ashok, Moolchand, M L Kapoor, Sajjan Harilalka, Yudhishthir etc in it.

This movie had three songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song, though an obscure song by now is one that I was aware of during its time, before this song was forgotten.

This song is sung by Sulakshana Pandit. Jaan Nisaar akhtar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khayyaam.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Ang ang rang chhalkaaye (Sandhya)(1975) Singer-Sulakshana Pandit, Lyrics-Jaan Nisaar Akhtar, MD-Khayyaam

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa aa aa
ang ang rang chhalkaaye
najar lagaaye balma re ae
ang ang rang chhalkaaye

jal thhal jal thhal
ras ki gagariya
bojh se lachki jaaye kamariya
jal thal jal thhal ras ki gagariya
bojh se lachki jaaye kamariya
pag pag dole lahraaye bal khaaye
ang ang rang chhalkaaye
najar lagaaye balma re ae
ang ang rang chhalkaaye

chhun chhun sat gun paayal jaage
chhun chhun sat gun paayal jaage
indr dhanush sa anchra laage
indr dhanush sa anchra laage
tan ki bagiya muskaaye khil jaaye
ang ang rang chhalkaaye
najar lagaaye balma re ae
ang ang rang chhalkaaye

natwar girdhar shyaam muraari
chhip chhip aaye bhar pichkaari
raadhe pyaari sharmaaye ghabraaye
ang ang rang chhalkaaye
najar lagaaye balma re ae
ang ang rang chhalkaaye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3971 Post No. : 15055 Movie Count :

4131

Today’s song is not only unique and rare,but it is also one of the few real early songs of the Talkie Films. It is from film Vikram Charitra aka Rajkumar Thaksen – 1933. Thanks to Mr. Shalin Bhatt, who has uploaded this rare Gem, sung by Gauhar Karnataki.

When you see the title of the film, one feels that it is about King Vikramaditya, but when you see the other title Rajkumar Thaksen, you know that this is something else. When Talkie films started, it had profound influence of stage dramas, because that was the only accepted form of entertainment in India, till films arrived…Silent or Talkie. Parsee, Gujarati and Marathi theatre stories, Natya Sangeet and the artificial way of stage acting were things followed in early films,cent percent. Fairy tales, folk tales, Panchatantra stories and Traditional Grand ma stories started appearing as films, after some time.

When I first bought the 5 volume set of HFGK, I started going through the films of 1930s. I read this film title and I suddenly remembered the story of Raja Vikram and Rajkumar Thaksen I had read, when I was about 10-12 years young. That was one of my favourite stories and I felt it was a good competition to Arabian Night stories of Alibaba, Alladin or Sindbad. The Thaksen story had Indian background and felt closer to heart.

However, during the growing years, the tastes changed and the Thaksen story went into the background. Now, when I decided to write on this film song, I tried to recollect the story, but could not recall it fully or cohesively. Despite searching on the net for several days, the story eluded me. Suddenly, one day I bumped into a children’s story book ” Raja Vikram and Rajkumar Thaksen”. I simply can not put into words, how much joy I got after reading this story all over again !

The story of King Vikram, his queen Shashikala and Rajkumar Thaksen was first filmed in 1929, as Prince Thaksen, by Aryan Film company, Poona, in which the role of Thaksen was done by the handsome Nandram Pehelwan. This was a Silent film. In the Talkie era, the first film on Thaksen was this- Vikram Charitra-1933 by Sharda Movietone. In 1933 itself a sequel to this film was made as ” Rambha raniaka Stree Charitra” made by same company, with the same cast and team as Vikram Charitra. This was followed by another film ” Bhedi Rajkumar aka The Mysterious Prince aka Rajkumar Thaksen” in 1934, by Saraswati Cinetone, Poona belonging to R G Torney. After a gap, ” Vikram Shashikala ” was made in 1949, by Chitravani productions, Bombay featuring Master Vithal as Thaksen.

In short, film makers were attracted towards the story of Thaksen. What is this story all about. The story, in short, is thus described in the book….

Raja Vikram of Avanti Nagari was having 7 queens, but he loved queen Shashikala most and used to take her on tours with him. This made the other queens jealous and they conspired to teach her a lesson. When the king came to them, they unanimously complained against Shashikala that she criticised the king on his back. This enraged the king and he deserted Shashikala. She was kept far away in a fortress, surrounded by a water trench all around, with only one entrance. The queen was pregnant, but the king was not aware of it.

In due course, Shashikala gave birth to a handsome prince, who was named Raj Ratan. The king was duly informed, but he never came to see his son. As the Prince grew, he became an expert in the Bird’s and Animal’s languages. He also learnt how to disguise skilfully. Once he tricked even his mother and mother lovingly called him Thaksen ( one who cheats). This name became his name for all purposes.

One day Thaksen came to know about what Raja Vikram did to his mother and he prepared to take revenge. Despite mother’s request, he started for the capital.

To cut the story short, how he reaches the king, teaches him a lesson, saves the king from foreign aggression, how he falls in love with Rambha Rani etc has to be read from the original book itself. It is full of adventures, magic and stories of Thaksen’s valour. In the end, all is well and Shashikala is honourably recalled to the Capital by Vikram etc etc.

The film was made by Sharda Movietone and was directed by Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta. The cast of the film consisted of Baburao Apte (as Vikram) and Madhav Kale (as Thaksen), along with Gauhar Karnataki, Dulari, Shivrani etc etc. Baburao Apte is the same as elder brother of actress Shanta Apte-about whom I wrote just last month. We do not know the names of the Lyricist or the Music Director, as HFGK is silent on these.

It is a well known established fact that in the early years, women artistes came from lower classes, singing families or Tawayafs and similar types. Most of these girls joined the film line in order to get a a rich Seth ji or a suitable husband and spend the rest of the life respectfully. There are many examples of such ‘ planned’ marriages in the early era. However, this process continued even in later times.

Film industry is one industry where men and women have to work together. Whether it is Actor-director or Singer-Composer, for the sake of work they have to spend much time together. No wonder then that Cupid does his work overtime. Sometimes there are mutual attraction and at times there are one sided fires burning. In most cases the one sided fire is extinguished in a very painful way, like what P L Santoshi faced with actress Rehana or the slap Sanjiv Kumar got from actress Nutan.

There were cases when love of Dilip kumar for Madhubala, died in the High court witness Box, when he gave evidence against her father in the ‘ Naya Daur ‘ legal case. Dev Anand’s love with Suraiyya ended happily for Dev Anand with him marrying Kalpana Kartik, but Suraiyya stayed “Unmarried”, in his ” yaad”, throughout her life. Here the villain was her so called ” Grand mother “, who actually was her own mother, as documented in the book “Stars from another sky” by Saadat Hasan Manto !

The successful 2-way traffic usually ended with a marriage. We can see marriages between producers and Actresses( Himanshu Rai-Devika rani and W Z Khan and actress Nina), directors and singers/actresses ( Nalini jaywant-Virendra Desai, Shaukat Hussain-Noorjehan, Geeta Dutt-Guru Dutt, Lalita Pawar-G.P.Pawar, Rattanbai-Hafiz Khan), Actors and Actresses ( Arun Ahuja-Nirmala devi, Snehprabha Pradhan-Kishore Sahu, Dev Anand-Kalpana Kartik, Dharmendra- Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna-Dimple Kapadiya, Amitabh Bachchan-Jaya, Abhishek-Aishwarya, Kishore Kumar-Madhubala, Premnath-Bina Rai, Karan Dewan-Manju Desai, Marutirao Pehlwan-Tara Devi.)

There were some odd combinations like Satyendranath Athiah-Bhanu Athaiya (Lyricist-Costume designer),Lyricist-Singer (Amar Verma-Manik Verma), Singer-villain (Shakti Kapoor- Shivangi Kolhapure),Music teacher-student ( Roshan-Ira Moitra, Hemant Kumar-Bela Mukherjee, C.Ramchandra-‘Ben’ Ratan Thakur), and even a singer-Orchestra player (Vinita Amladi-Krishna Chakravarty) and lastly between singer-singers ( Jyoti-G M Durani, Gauhar Karnataki- Bal Gandharva). There were those pairs who were singers-actors ( Amirbai- Himalayawala,Rafiq Gazanavi- Anwari bai).

The interesting group, however,was that of Composer-Singers ( Sudhir Phadke-Lalita Deulkar, Asha Bhosle-R D Burman, Naashad-Premlata, Anil Biswas-Meena Kapoor, Pannalal Ghosh-Parul Ghosh, Khayyam-Jagjit Kaur, Ghulam Haider-Umrao Zia begum, Kamal Dasgupta-Firoza begum, Ninu Majumdar-Kaumudi Munshi).

The Heroine of today’s film- Gauhar karnataki was also one such artiste who did a ‘planned’ marriage. Her life story is interesting. Tabla player Hussain khan,living in a small town Belagi,near Hubli,had 6 daughters. The first was Allamma(Ahilya),then Amirbai,next was Gauhar(Born in 1908),then a series of badi Munni,Chhoti Munni and Nanhi Munni. Son was Dastgir.

Being from a singing family,Amirbai and Gauhar(Gauramma) worked in a drama company called Vanivilas Natak mandali. Since Hubli, Dharwad, Belgaum came under Bombay Presidency and also near Sangli/Miraj and Kolhapur, the sisters were experts in Marathi too.

Brother Dastgir went on to study B.Sc and did a job in AIR, Belgaum. From the beginning only, Amirbai and Gauhar did not get on well with each other. May be professional jealousy. Gauhar got classical music training from a blind teacher NIlkanth Panchakshari Buwa. Great classical singer Mallikarjuna Mansur’s brother Basavanna wrote songs for Gauhar and also accompanied her on Harmonium.

Marathi singer actor Chaphekar took the sisters to Bombay for working in films. Gauhar and Chaphekar stayed as companions in Bombay for few years. Meanwhile Gauhar got a daughter Ashamma. Her father’s name is not known. Ashamma remained with Gauhar till her death.

Gauhar started acting in Marathi and Hindi films. She acted,sang and also composed her own songs,but no records were brought out.

Gauhar was mesmerised by the famous Marathi singer actor BAL GANDHARVA. She first met him in 1937,in actor Himalayawala’s flat(Amirbai karnataki’s cruel Husband). It is widely believed that Gauhar used Black magic to attract Bal Gandharva to her. As expected he fell in her love and Gauhar joined his Balgandharva Natak Mandali in 1938. After her arrival into the Mandali, all senior artistes left the company as they were afraid of Gauhar’s black magic.

From 1938, Gauhar remained with Balgandharva till she died in 1964. Balgandharva’s wife died in grief in 1940 and Gauhar married Balgandharva in 1951.

She acted in films like Raas vilas-32,Kala pahad and Sohni mahiwal-33,Kala vagh and Shak karta Shivaji(M)-34,Pyar ki Maar-35,Bansriwala,Gol Nishan and Graduate-36,kala Bhoot and Chabuk swar-37,Vijay Danka-38,hawai khatola and swadesh sewa-46. chabuk swar-37 was a stunt film a-la Fearless Nadiya style wherein she did some stunts and fencing too. (Thanks to lifekidhun,warren senders,wiki and HFGK for some information used above.)

Gauhar is mentioned as Gauhar karnataki or Gauhar from Bijapur in the HFGK. She must have sung at least 100 songs but since there were no records, there is no information.As her many films were C grade, no records were issued even for them. However she has sung many Marathi natyageet and Bhajans.

There can not be any comparison with her sister Amirbai since Amirbai was in a higher league and her records were also made. She had many composers and singers to sing along.

Film Vikram Charitra-33 was written by C M Luhar, who became a well known director later on. There were 15 songs in the film. This song was recorded by Gauhar Karnataki in June 1934, according to the uploader. Since hardly any records of Gauhar Karnataki are available, this song becomes a rare song. let us enjoy this 85 year old recorded song. With this song, film Vikram Charitra-33 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Raaja ke chaman se laayi manke ki maala (Vikram Charitra)(1933) Singer- Gauhar Karnataki, Lyrics- Not Known, MD- Not known

Lyrics

Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se
hamaara kaam hai
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
sabhi ne ??
??
aa aa aa
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
jaise nihaar ??
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
Raaja ke chaman se laayi
manke ki maala
joohi manke ki maala
Raaja ki


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3969 Post No. : 15053 Movie Count :

4130

Today’s song is from a film of the first decade of the Talkie, ” Yangrilla “-1938. The song is sung by Sarla. No information is available about this singer. The cast of the film was Enakshi Rama Rau, Nayampalli, David, Gyani, Saalu, Shareefa, S L Puri, Fatty Prasad and few others.

It is generally said that in the early era, most actors and actresses came from poor families and most artistes had no or had negligible education. While it is true to a great extent, it is not 100% true. It is not that even in this period, there were no educated persons in the film industry. Right from the beginning of the Silent era to Talkie film era up to the end of the 40s decade, there were actors, actresses, directors,producers and musicians who were quite educated. Some of them had even been trained in western countries.

Take the case of Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani and their team of writer like Niranjan Pal, from the silent era. They were all highly educated and from rich. cultured families. Niranjan Pal was the son of the Freedom fighter Bipin chnadra Pal. B.N.Sircar is another example. Director Nanubhai Vakil was actually an advocate with B.A. LL.B degree. Surendra was BA, LL.B. Motilal was a graduate, so were Ramchandra Thakur, Nandlal Jaswantlal, Jayant Desai, Jairaj, Umakant Desai. Ashok kumar, Dev Anand and his 2 brothers etc.

Among actresses, Leela Chitnis, Shanta Apte, Durga Khote, Renuka Devi were graduates. Vanmala was BA,BT. Kamini Kaushal was BA. The point here is, there were educated and people with respectable family background were also a part of film industry. But of course, initially their number was smaller compared to others who were either illiterate or less educated. For example, the beautiful Meena Shorey and Sitara Kanpuri could not even sign- leave alone reading and writing !. That is why, they were cheated in their contracts by Sohrab Modi and W.Z.Ahmed ( of Shalimar Pictures and husband of actress Neena).

In today’s film, Yangrilla-38, the Hero, Heroine and the Director were all highly educated. The Heroine, Enakshi Rama Rao was the daughter of an ICS officer of Madras Presidency. She came to England for her graduation. After graduation, she took part in some stage dramas, where she got introduced to Niranjan Pal and Himanshu Rai. When Himanshu Rai decided to make a silent film on Tajmahal story, he asked Niranjan Pal to write the film story. Sita Devi aka Renee Smith was selected for the Vamp’s role and Enakshi was selected for the main role of Selima ( who was later named Mumtaj Mahal by Prince Khurram- who was later known as Shahjehan.). The film was named Shiraz.

Enakshi is a very unusual name. Comparatively, Meenakshi is a well known name. Meenakshi means ” one with eyes like Fish “. Enakshi means ” one with the eyes of Doe or Deer”. In other words, Enakshi means Mrignayani. Except name of this actress, I have never ever come across this name (Enakshi) in my life elsewhere !

Her work in film Shiraz was applauded in England, Germany and India. When she returned to India, She met Bhavnani, who made a silent film Vasantsena-31, with her in the lead role. More than as an actress of Silent and Talkie films, Enakshi’s name was known in Elite circles for different achievements, after she stopped working in films.

Not many of us know that Meenakshi Bhavnani ( Enakshi Rama Rao before her marriage ) has done an enormous service to expose Indian dances and Designs to West. No lesser is her contribution to expose Kashmir Crafts and Designs ( Fabric , Wood and Papier Mache ) to west. An American Tourist told in Kerala recently about her detailed work on Kashmir Designs ( shawls , Jackets ).This side of Meenakshi’s personality and work is in addition to her contribution as a Dancer, photographer and actress .Two scholarly Books written by Meenakshi Bhavnani were also published. Both the books are preserved in American Museum of Natural History.These are ..

(1) Folk And Tribal Designs of India
(2) The Dance of India: The Origin and History Foundation, Art and Science of the Dance in India .

This exceptionally talented woman stayed in Kashmir for sometime in 1950 and met cross section of people connected with Arts and Crafts . She had been a visitor thereafter as well . She also visited Leh and kargil for her Book. During this period she also clicked some photographs in Kashmir portraying its rich culture and scenic beauty.She also shot a Documentary “ VALEY OF KASHMIR “ during this period..
Meenakshi was an active member of the Crafts Council of India, which was founded in 1964 to support artisans and keep their crafts relevant and marketable amid rapidly changing economies at home and abroad.
The Photographs clicked by her have also appeared in National Geographic Magazine especially her series.
And in her book on folk dances of India , Meenakshi covers all forms of Kashmirian folk dances .

Enakshi married film maker Mohan Bhavnani ( 1903-1962 ) who was trained in Germany and Hollywood. She was a dancer , Actor , Photographer and writer on Arts , Crafts and culture. From 1929 to 1938, She acted in six films as a leading lady . Out of these six films five ( Vasantsena-31 , Trapped-31 ,Jagaran-36 , Himalaya ki Beti-38 and Yangrilla-38 ) were directed by her husband Mohan Bhavnani . Only Shiraz ( 1929 Produced by Himanshu Roy ) was directed by Franz Osten .

Producer Director Mohan Bhavnani was a learned and illustrious person. This is what the Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema says about him-
Mohan Dayaram Bhavnani (1903-62)

Hindi director born in Hyderabad, Sindh. Studied at College of Technology, Manchester (1921-4), then studied film-making in Germany at UFA (1924). Contracted to Kohinoor (1925- 6) where his Sulochana films were the earliest efforts in the Indian cinema to create a Hollywood-type movie star, e.g. Cinema Ni Rani where she plays a famous actress with whom the painter hero falls in love, or Wildcat of Bombay where she played multiple roles. Joined Imperial (1927-9), where he made Khwab-e-Hasti, adapted from the novel Dreamland (later also adapted by N. Taurog’s Strike me Pink, 1936). Scripted by A.S. Desai, this film is not to be confused with Kashmiri’s play of the same title. Vasantsena was the first Kannada intertitled film. Became independent producer with Indian Art Prod. (1931-2). Returned to Germany to study sound film technique. Started Ajanta Cinetone (1933-4) and his own Bhavnani Prod. (1935-48). Sound de´but was a flop, but it introduced Durga Khote. Hired Premchand to script Mazdoor, representing the author’s only direct encounter with film, following it with the unemployment melodrama Jagran. Produced and directed the first full-length colour film shot on 16mm Kodachrome and blown up to 35mm, Ajit. Joined Films Division and became its first Chief Producer (1948-55). In 1958 Bhavnani followed up an invitation from Zhou En-Lai to make a documentary on China and travelled extensively throughout the country shooting with cameramen Kishore Rege and S.K. Kulkarni. His wife Enakshi Rama Rao, who acted in Vasantsena, had earlier played the lead in Shiraz (1928) and became a noted dancer and author of the book The Dance of India (1965).

FILMOGRAPHY: 1925: Cinema Ni Rani; Matri Prem; Veer Bala; Seth Sagalsha; 1 9 2 6 : Pagal Premi; Diwan Bhamasha; Mena Kumari; Ra Kawat; Samrat Shiladitya; Bhamto Bhoot; 1 9 2 7 : Naseeb Ni Lili; Daya Ni Devi; Trust Your Wife; Wildcat of Bombay; Gamdeni Gori; 1929: Hawai Swar; Khwab-e- Hasti; Mysore, Gem City of India (Doc); Khedda (Doc); 1 9 3 0 : Vasantsena (all St); 1 9 3 1 : Shakuntala; Farebi Jaal; Lafanga Langoor (Sh); 1 932: Veer Kunal; 1 933: Afzal; Rangila Rajput; 1 9 3 4 : Dard-e-Dil; Mazdoor; Sair-e-Paristan; 1935: Jung Bahadur; Navjeevan; Shadi Ki Raat; 1936: Dilawar; Garib Parwar; Jagran; Wrestling (Doc); 1 9 3 7 : Zambo the Ape Man; 1 9 3 8 : Double Cross; Himalay Ki Beti; Yangrilla; 1 9 3 9 : Zambo Ka Beta; 1940: Jhoothi Sharm; PremNagar?; 1945: Biswi Sadi; 1 946: Rang Bhoomi; 1 948: Ajit; 1 9 4 9 : Vale of Kashmir (Doc); 1 9 5 0 : The Private Life of a Silkworm (Doc); 1 9 5 1 : Lest We Forget (Doc); 1 9 5 2 : Kumaon Hills (Doc); 1 9 5 3 : Folk Dances of India (Doc); Republic Day Record (Doc); 1 9 5 5 : Republic Day 1955 (Doc); 1 956: Operation Khedda (Doc); 1 957: The Himalayan Tapestry (Doc ).

Like the Heroine, the name of the film was also strange. I tried very hard to find out what the word Yangrilla meant, but I could not get it. Finally, undaunted, I started going through the list of books on line. Lo and behold ! I bumped into a book with a title ” Rilla of the Inglewood ” written by Lucy Maud Montgomary, published in 1921. Some part of the book was available for reading online and while reading it, I found that ” Yangrilla ” in Swahili language meant a Hunter. Not going into the book and its boring story, I was glad that at last I decoded the word Yangrilla…a Hunter. Considering that the film ‘ Yangrilla’-38 was a Costume drama, I can guess that this film’s story must have been connected with hunting, Jungle and such other interesting and thrilling matters. Film Yangrilla-38 was financed by Ramnarayan Dubey, who in later years swallowed Bombay Talkies with its Land and started an Industrial complex on its land with about 250 to 300 manufacturing units. Recently his grandson was in news for announcing revival of Bombay Talkies !

The Hero of this film was Nayampalli. S.B. Nayampally (or Nayampalli) was working at the firm of Killick, Nixon and Company, in Bombay when he was discovered by film director P.Y. Altekar at a gym where Nayampally regularly exercised. Altekar felt that Nayampally very much resembled the famous French boxer Georges Carpenter and would be perfect for the stunt films that had become popular at the time. At Altekar’s urging, Nayampally joined Imperial Studios and was quickly cast in his first film, Wedding Night(1929), opposite the popular actress Jilloo. When he arrived at Imperial to begin his first day of filming he was amused to find that the building now used for the studio had formerly housed the school he’d attended as a child.“Wedding Night was a stunt film of the Robin Hood type,” Nayampally explained in a 1964 interview. “It had a little more of a plot to it than many films of the same class. My next film, Hell’s Paradise (1929), I remember for three reasons. One, it was based on a real-life episode involving an Indian prince and a foreign girl, described as an adventuress. Two, Mama Warerekar, the noted writer, did the story. Three, the film had a kissing scene, probably the first ever in an Indian film.”

Nayampalli was cast in Imperial’s Noorjehan (1931), which was initially to be a silent picture, but because of the success of their film Alam Ara (1931), which was India’s first talkie, the studio decided to make Noorjehan partly with sound. Nayampally was not originally cast in Noorjehan, but a chance meeting with the film’s director, Ezra Mir, got him the role of Prince Salim in the film.Nayampally then played Karna in Imperial’s next sound film, the mythological Draupadi (1931), but the actor considered his best mythological role to be that of the wily Shakuni in Mahatma Vidur (1943), a part that was appreciated by critics and the public, alike.

As sound films came in, silent actors were being discarded in favor of those with stage backgrounds and could not sing, so Nayampalli joined the Grant Anderson Theatrical Company which specialized in Shakespearean plays. After gaining some experience he tried to rejoin films, but without much luck. His previous roles had been leads, so he decided if he wanted to work regularly, maybe he should take a different approach and he offered himself up for character parts.His break came in the role of a hunchback in love with the heroine in Ezra Mir’s Zarina which starred Jal Merchant and Zubeida. The dentures he wore for the role were created specially by a dentist named Jimmy Gheista who had trained abroad with the dentist who had made similar dentures for Lon Chaney.

Nayampally had learned early on how to apply make-up for his roles and, in fact, he became so good at it he eventually came to specialize in horror make-up, which earned him the nickname “The Indian Lon Chaney.” Indeed, Chaney, Erich von Stroheim, Emil Jannings, and John Barrymore were the actors that Nayampally most tried to emulate. Boris Karloff was another of his role models. He was able to put his make-up expertise to good use for the film Sair-e-Paristan (1934), where he was a vampire-like devil, and in Zingaro(1935), in which he played a monster created by a mad scientist, and then as a the hairy “missing link” in Zambo (1937) and its sequel Zambo Ka Beta (1938). For Kalkoot (1935) he created a make-up to resemble the wrinkled effect that Karloff had used in The Mummy(1932).

Nayampally continued working in films throughout the 1940s and 50s, particularly in mythologicals and costume pictures including Raj Nartaki (1941), Nagad Narayan (1943), Vishwas 1943), Taramati(1945), Urvashi (1946), Jhansi-Ki-Rani (1953), Durgesh Nandini (1956), Basant Bahar (1956) and Shiv Parvati (1962) His last credited film appearance was in 1970’s Priya.

After the career in films ended, he started making Documentaries. He made about 35 documentaries. He won ‘Silver Dolphin’ award for his documentary in the International Film Festival at Teheran in 1970. He died on 7-5-1994, in Mumbai.

Pt. Badri Prasad was the Music Director of film Yangrilla-38. He used 6 different singers for 11 songs in the film. Besides issuing records for its songs, the producer also floated 2 records of ‘ Bhavnani Productions orchestra ‘.

The uploader of today’s song, our own Sadanand ji Kamath has certified this song to be ” rarest amongst the rare ” songs. With this song, film Yangrilla-38 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song- Kaase main kahoon piya hiya ki baat(Yaangrilla)(1938) Singer- Sarla Devi, Lyrics- Unknown, MD- Pt. Badri Prasad

Lyrics

Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki baat
Kaase main kahoon
Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki baat
Kaase main kahoon
Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki baat
Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki
kaun sunega prem kahaani
kaun sunega prem kahaani
aur usey phir meri zabaani
aur usey phir meri zabaani
yah duniya to preet ki bairan hai
Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki baat
kaase main kahoon

is duniya ke rahne waale
is duniya ke rahne waale
kapti paapi man ke kaale
kapti paapi man ke kaale
paap(?) hi inka ghar(?) aur joban hai
Kaase main kahoon
piya hiya ki baat
kaase main kahoon
kaase main kahoon
kaase main kahoon


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3968 Post No. : 15050 Movie Count :

4128

Today’s song is from film Ghar ki shobha-1944.

The history of Hindi Film Music (HFM) begins with the very first Talkie ” Alam Ara”-1931, in which there were 7 songs. Madan Theatres, Calcutta, Krishna Cinetone, Bombay and few other production houses were busy hectically in 1931, to release their First Talkie film, ahead of all others. Lucky Ardeshir Irani got the cake and released his film Alam Ara before all others and engraved his name in the history of Hindi and Indian talkies. Music and singing being an integral part of the Talkie films, many musicians were attracted to films. Stage and Drama musicians and some classical singers joined films and gave music in them. In those days, Film music was totally influenced by Gujarati, Parsee and Marathi stage and Drama music (Natya Sangeet). Probably no one ever imagined that there was a need for a different approach to Cine Music.

For the first 9-10 years of Hindi films, i.e. 1931 to almost 1940,there was virtually no change in the music pattern or the singing styles of songs in films. By the end of the 30s, playback technique was gaining a foothold. This system actually freed the Cinema from songs sung by film stars who were no singers at all ! Genuine, independent, non-star singers were now available to give playback. This was the case in the western India or Bombay made films. The Eastern centre of Hindi film making-Calcutta was strictly following Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti, adapted into Hindi film songs. They also used more pure Hindi words like Preet, Prem, Bandhan, Milan, Sangam, Vyatha etc to appeal to Hindi belt audience.

Beginning of the change came from the far off Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholi’s “Khazanchi”-41 introduced for the first time the Punjabi folk tunes music in the voice of a New singer SHAMSHAD BEGUM. The use of Dholak and Punjabi robust rhythm in songs was tried by the composer Master Ghulam Hyder. This path breaking,new type of Music was received by the audience with great joy and love, all over India. With this was ushered in the VIBRANT changes HFM was to undergo in the 5th decade,i.e. from 1941 to 1949.

This was also the time when the old batch of actors, singers and composers were slowly getting replaced by a newer crop of artistes. Phirozshah Mistry, Master Ali Baksh, Jaddanbai,Lallubhai Nayak, Pransukh Nayak, Brijlal Verma, Nagardas Nayak, Sunderdas Bhatiya, Govindrao Tembe, Keshvrao Bhole, Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar, master Mohammed, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, B S Hoogan, Meer Sahab, Damodar Sharma, Jhande Khan, Rewashankar Marwadi, S P Rane, Vithaldas Panchotiya, Annasaheb Mainkar, Dada Chandekar, Mushtaq Hussain, Master Chhaila etc were disappearing one by one.

A new set of composers and singers like Anil Biswas, Ashok Ghosh, C.Ramchandra, Ghulam Hyder, Sajjad Hussain, Naushad, K.Datta, Govind Ram, Pt. Amarnath, Husnalal Bhagatram, Khemchand Praksah,Khursheed Anwar, Nissar Bazmi, Vinod, A R Qureshi, Saraswati devi, Bulo c Rani, Gyan Dutt etc were taking over from the old guards.

These new entrants brought with them melodious tunes and music from Goa, UP, Rajasthan, Bengal, Maharashtra, Punjab, Kashmir etc and their experimentation truly enriched the HFM making it a genuinely All India music.

In the 40s, the HFM became absolutely VIBRANT. The new composers with new ideas and hard work tried to understand what the audience wanted. In other words,we can say that hitherto the film music was ” Sales Oriented ” (selling what you produce) till the 30s decade, but the 40’s music was ” Market oriented” (producing what the audience wants). Now, there was a fair and healthy competition and a wide variety in music. The composers too had new singers who were trained and had a singing voice and talent, unlike the earlier ‘Untrained forced singers’. Naushad Ali had once said,’’ The coming of Rafi and Lata liberated we composers from the painful task of making the ‘musically illiterate’ actors and actresses.” Thus Ashok kumar,Leela Chitnis and the likes of them were left alone to concentrate on their acting,while the trained singers sang for them.

New and exclusive playback singers like Amirbai, Zohrabai, Kalyanibai, Rajkumari Mohantara, Shamshad, lalita Deulkar, G M Durani, Rafi etc became popular. Actually, the lead actors now started deciding who should sing their songs. This paved the way for stars to become powerful in coming period.

Like Music, the type of cinema stories too started changing. The Fantasy, Stunt, Mythological, Historical, Religious and Costume dramas gave way to Love stories, Musicals. Family dramas, Comedy, Crime stories…so on and so forth. Overall, the cinema industry was going through a overhauling. However, the winds of Independence, after the world war put a brake to these changes. 1945 to 1950 was a period of turmoil and matters settled fully with the advent of the new decade of the 50’s.

In this change over, here was a film discussing the problems of a Happy Home. Ghar ki Shobha-1944 was a film which stressed the importance and need of the capable housewife who was an ” Adarsh” Bahu, Bibi, Mother and everything else the society needed !

The main players in this family drama were, Karan Dewan, Swarnalata, Jagdish Sethi, Dixit, Fazlu, Ramesh Saigal etc etc. The film was directed by Harshadrai Mehta- who became a well known director in Tamil films of Madras, later. Ramesh Saigal assisted him in direction. Harshadrai Sakerlal Mehta

was a Pioneer Hindi and Tamil director born in Mota, Bardoli Dist., Gujarat. Started as a painter, editor and cameraman at Kohinoor (1919), but made his début for Krishna Film (Ver Ni Vasulat). At Krishna he began his association with long-time partner and cameraman Luhar (e.g. Be Din Ni Badshahi, Amar Asha) making melodramas often starring the Anglo-Indian star Ermeline. Best-known film of this period is Janjirne Jankare, the much-acclaimed Rajput romance scripted and shot by Luhar. Made his most influential films with the famous Mehta- Luhar Prod. set up in 1931 with Bapubhai Desai and the informal support of the Sharda Studio. Made several Sharda-type stunt movies featuring e.g. Navinchandra. Moved to Coimbatore’s Premier Cinetone (1937) and made a number of Tamil films.

In Hindi films, there have been three actors who were very handsome and very lucky but zero in acting – Karan Dewan, Pradeep Kumar and Bharat Bhushan. They all appeared in leading roles opposite all leading actresses of their times. They had the best films, best songs and best roles. Karan Dewan had about 25 Silver Jubilees to his credit and was considered a lucky star. Bharat Bhushan had the most musical films to his credit like ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952), ‘Shabaab’ (1954) and ‘Mirza Ghalib’ (1954) etc. Pradeep Kumar had ‘Anarkali’ (1953) and ‘Taj Mahal’ (1963).

All three had their brothers producing films for them. Gemini Dewan made films for Karan Dewan, R Chandra made films for Bharat Bhushan and Kalidas for Pradeep Kumar. Unfortunately, in later years, all three lost everything and died in poverty and neglectful anonymity. Karan Dewan was a manager with BR Chopra’s production company. When he died no one came for his funeral except for Chandrashekhar and Manmohan Krishan from the Cine Artist’s Association. Bharat Bhushan worked as a watchman in a film studio, in his last days. Even he died unsung and only the men from the Association were present at the cremation.

Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful.

Dewan Karan Chopra aka Karan Dewan ( 6-11-1917 to 2-8-1979 ) youngest of three brothers was born at Gujranwala, Punjab (now in Pakistan), British India. He studied in Lahore, where he became interested in Journalism and started editing a film magazine in Urdu, Jagat Lakshmi. One of the local distributors he met was Tarachand Barjatya, who was then the Manager of Chandanmal Inder Kumar’s distribution office at Lahore. Through his connection with Barjatya he landed in Calcutta, and in 1939, made his acting debut as Puran in the Punjabi feature film Puran Bhagat

Dewan started his film career with the role of Puran in Puran Bhagat in Punjabi in 1939 in Calcutta. It was produced by Raisaheb Sukhlal Karnani and directed by Roop K. Shorey’s father R. L. Shorey. His second film Mera Maahi (1941) was also a Punjabi film, directed by Shankar Mehta at Lahore and starring Ragini and Manorama. This was the movie in which he sang songs for the first time in the movies under the baton of legendary music director Shyam Sunder. Later, in Rattan, he sang for the first time in Hindi movies for Naushad. B R Chopra, then working as a film journalist in Lahore, helped Karan Dewan to get in touch with Devika Rani, who invited Dewan to come to Bombay. When this did not helpDewan get films, he taught “Urdu pronunciation to actors and actresses”.

In 1944, Karan Dewan acted in Rattan, a musical romantic drama, directed by M. Sadiq, which became one of the most popular films of that year. “A tremendous hit”, it paired Dewan with Swarnalata. His decisive film was Rattan (1944), which was produced by his brother Jaimini Diwan, and this movie had turned out to be the biggest hit of 1944. He also sang songs in this movie under music director Naushad, and his song “Jab Tum Hi Chale Pardes” became popular. He sang in films such as Piya Ghar Aaja (1947), Mitti Ke Khiloune (1948) and Lahore (1949). His other important films were Zeenat (1945), Lahore (1949), Dahej (1950), Bahar (1951) and Teen Batti Char Rasta (1953). Known as a “jubilee star”, about twenty of his films are stated to have been jubilee (twenty-five weeks or more) hits.

Dewan married co-actress Manju in 1944 following the release of Rattan, in which she had a character role. By 1966, he was working as a casting agent for the film unit of Maya (1966). He continued to work in the 1960s and 1970s playing supporting parts in films such as Apna Ghar (1960), Shaheed(1965), Jeene Ki Raah (1969) and Nadaan (1971), with the last film in which he was credited being Sohanlal Kanwar’s Atmaram (1979).

He worked in 73 films and sang 18 songs in 9 films. He worked with all leading actresses of his times,including Noorjehan and Nargis. At the end of his career, however, he was down financially and had to work as a Manager with B R Chopra’s company. When he died, except two workers of Cine artistes association, no one else from Film industry was present.

Ustad Alla Rakha aka A R Qureshi ( 29-4-1919 to 3-2-2000) gave music to this film. Having started only in 1943 with Mahasati Anusuya, film Ghar ki shobha-44 was his only the second film as an MD. So his music sounds fresh. After you hear today’s song, you will agree with me. He gave music to 40 films, composing 356 songs. He also sang 14 songs in 7 films.

In the cast of this film, there was one fading actor – Dixit, from the Dixit and Ghori pair of that era. The projected themselves on the lines of Laurel and Hardy…Hardy being our Dixit. Later, Yaqub and Gope triede to project their image as Laurel and Hardy and still later Johar and Majnu tried to copy Bob Hope and Bing Crosby of Hindi cinema ! Let’s take a look at Dixit and Ghory- a very popular comedy pair of early cinema.

Manohar Janardhan Dixit was born on 12-11-1906 at Sinner in Nashik district,Maharashtra (Bombay state at that time.) His comedy career started with silent film ‘Sparkling youth’-1930. His first day of work in a film was 14-11-1929. He did 3 more silent films with Navjivan Films and then joined Ranjit studio. Here he met his mate Nazir Ahmed Ghori,born on 11-8-1901 at Bombay.He was the senior of the two,having started in 1927. He worked till 1931 in silent films of various companies and then joined Ranjit studio in 1931 Here too he did 4 silent films.

He paired with Dixit first time in Char Chakram-1932,directed by Jayant Desai.The film was a terrific hit and the pair did many films together like, Bhutio mahal,Do badmash,Bhola shikar,Bhool bhulaiya,Vishwamohini,nadira etc. They worked together till 1947,doing solo films also in between. Unfortunately none of their films have survived and we know about their acting only through Photographs,interviews and articles. However Dixit’s solo films like Pehle aap-44,Jeevan yatra-46,Aap ki sewa mein-47 and Pugree-47 are still available.In film Pugree,his name was Ramu kaka and the very fat Dixit (222 pounds) carried the world’s smallest dog-Chikoo in the film.Later comedian Omprakash did this role in the remake of the film in Dil Daulat Duniya-1972.

Dixit acted in 66 Talkie films and 8 silent films in 17 years. He died on 29-6-1949 due to a massive heart attack. His partner Ghori migrated to Pakistan and did 8 films there till 1960, without much success. He died on 9-12-1977 at Karachi.

Today’s song is sung by Rajkumari. Note the type of music and tune. With this song, film Ghar ki Shobha-44 makes its Debut on the Blog.


Song-Main duniya ki raani (Ghar Ki Shobha)(1944) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyrics- Roopbani, MD- Alla Rakha Qureshi
unknown male voice

Lyrics

Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
firti hoon mauj manaati
firti hoon mauj manaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
chhed chhaad se dil behlaati
karti hoon main manmaani
karti hoon main manmaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
main ?? kheloon
saagar se geet bakheroon(?)
aazaadi ki deewaani
aazaadi ki deewaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

meri laila jaisi aankhen
meri laila jaisi aankhen
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
sab majnu ban kar jhaanken
zulfen to mast jawaani
zulfen to mast jawaani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani

?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
?? kar pankh hilaati
bhanwron ko paas bulaati
patthar dil kar doon paani
patthar dil kar doon paani
haay haay laila
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani
Main duniya ki raani
laalalalaalaalala
duniya ki raani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3966 Post No. : 15047 Movie Count :

4127

Today’s song is from film Bachpan-1945.

In the history of Hindi movies, there have been three films that had the title viz “Bachpan”. The first was of course Bachpan-1945, today’s film under discussion. The next one was made in 1963, in which Salim Khan- father of Salman khan and a member of the famous writer jodi of Salim-Jawed, was the Hero – opposite Menaka Irani. She was the eldest sister of the famous child stars Honey and Daisy Irani. She was also the wife of stunt film actor and director Kamran Khan. Their children are Choreographer and director Farah Khan and Compere cum director Sajid Khan. Incidentally Mrs. P.N.Irani was the mother of these Irani sisters and also the one who took away all their earnings.

The third film was made in 1970, with Sanjeev kumar and Tanuja.

Film Bachpan-45 had a cast consisting of Baby Madhuri, Mazhar Khan, Baby Shakuntala, B.Nandrekar, Chandraprabha, comedian Dikshit, Gulab, Dalpat, Shashi kapoor(sr.) and others. There were two actresses with prefix Baby, but only one Baby Madhuri had the main child role throughout the film. The other Baby-Shakuntala had a role of an invalid child, stuck to the wheelchair only.

Baby Maduri,whose real name was Mah Laqa, was the daughter of M. Ali Baksh,M.D. and Iqbal begum,a cine artiste. In other words Baby Madhuri was the youngest sister of actress Meena Kumari and her sister actress Khurshid Jr. Born in a family of film people,Baby Madhuri was good at acting and singing. She was picked up by Director Nazir of Hind Pictures and took her for his film ‘ Sandesa ‘. ( He is the same Nazir,whose first wife was Sitara Devi. He was the maternal Uncle of K. Asif ( Mughal-e-Azam fame ) i.e. Mama. He later divorced Sitara devi ( actually,she had eloped with k.Asif ) and married Swarnalata and both migrated to Pakistan. Nazir’s studio was burnt during the communal riots in Bombay. Author Manto has detailed all this in his book. )

In Wadia’s film Vishwas-43, the talents of Baby Madhuri in acting and singing flowered and she was appreciated much. Then she acted and sang some songs in films like Anjaan,Jungle princess,Muqabala,Ekta(sindhi),Andhera,Mahatma Vidur,paraya Dhan,Bachpan,Nai maa etc etc.

She was also called as Madhu. She was married to actor Mehmood. She was very fond of new fashions and western clothes. Due to this, she became a cleptomaniac and was caught many times stealing things and shop lifting. She knew Riding,cycling and swimming too. She spoke good English,though not much educated.( Thanks to shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji for info on Baby Madhuri).

Now let us see about the other ‘Baby’ of this film. Right from beginning of the films,child artistes were required to do roles in the films. In the initial stages and also in later periods too, girls used to do Boys’roles ( but never heard of vice versa ! ). We have the famous examples of Honey and Daisy Irani sisters. Many child stars acted in films till they became older or were not suitable for child roles. One such example was Junior Mehmood. It was quite natural that most of them wanted to continue acting in films as an adult too and many tried to become hero/ heroines. Unfortunately, only some of them could shine as heroes or heroines, while most child stars failed as adult Hero/Heroines.

Successful child artistes are few like Meena Kumari, Madhubala,Nargis, Shashi kapoor, Sachin etc, but you can count them on fingers, whereas the list of unsuccessful child artistes who tried to become adult Hero/Heroines is quite long.

Unlike Baby Tabassum, who could not become a successful adult Heroine in good films, there was another ‘Baby’who became quite successful as an adult Heroine opposite well known actors under famous banners and left halfway due to her marriage. Her name is BABY SHAKUNTALA.

Baby Shakuntala was born in a middle class Maharshtrian family of Poona, on 17-11-1932. Those days Prabhat film company had moved to Poona. One of the Prabhat founder partners, Mr. V.G.Damle was their close relative. Along with other children, she too used to go to Prabhat premises for playing there She was 8 to 10 year old when V.Shantaram spotted her and offered a role in film, ‘Das Baje’-42 ( Daha Wajta, in Marathi). The hero’s younger brother’s role was changed to Hero’s sister’s role for accommodating her in the film.

It was a routine matter at Prabhat that for child roles in all films, the children of the partners of Prabhat( Shantaram,Damle,Kulkarni,Fatehlal and Dhaiber) or near relatives were taken. In film Sant Tukaram or other films of Prabhat, all child artistes were from within the Prabhat family only. Shakuntala was very good in studies.She used to get up at 4 am. do school studies, then do household chores, attend school and lastly attend shootings.

Das baje was a hit film. Then came ‘Ramshastri’-44 ( Bilingual-H/M ) meanwhile Shantaram and others left Prabhat and moved to Bombay. After that her work too shifted to Bombay. Due to these changes, she could study only upto Matriculation. But she was proficient in English, Marathi, Hindi/Urdu, Gujarati and Kannada. At the time of shooting for film ‘Shikayat’-48, actor Shyam made her his “Mooh Boli”sister and till he died in an accident he was very close to her.

In 1949, she was 17 year old and she became a heroine in film “Maya bazaar”-49 opposite Balakram. Then came a string of films. She worked with well known actors like Kishore kumar, Bharat Bhooshan,Karan Dewan,Amarnath,Anant Marathe,Master Bhagwan, Abhi bhattachrya etc. She was also luck to have worked under ace directors like V.Shantaram, Bimal Roy,Homi Wadia, kishore Sahu, Raja nene, Gajanan Jahagirdar,Shahid lateef etc. This enriched the depth of her acting.

Kishore Kumar was her Hero in films like, Chham Chhama Chham- 52, fareb-53 and Lehren-53. They had a good tuning like a naughty brother and sister. once kishore kumar surprised her by visiting her in her Kolhapur house ( after her marriage) and spent one day with her family. The famous kishore Kumar- Lata mangeshkar song “aa muhabbat ki basti basayenge hum” from film Fareb-53 was filmed on kishore and Shakuntala only.

Lot of marriage proposals started coming for her and she finally was married in 1954 to Sardar Nadgonde of Kolhapur, a Royal family. After marriage she left films, though she had good demand and became Mrs. Umadevi Nadgonde. She had a son and a daughter. She lived a contented life of 82 years and died recently on 18-1-2015, at Kolhapur.

She had acted in almost 40 Hindi films ( including bi-lingual) and 20 Marathi films from 1942 to 1954. She also acted in famous Marathi dramas on commercial stage. 14 of her films celebrated silver Jubilees. Some of her films were- Das baje-42, Ramshastri-44,Piya Milan-45, Taramati-45, Bachpan-45, Bachhon ka khel-46 ( with Meena kumari), Phir bhi apna hai-46Moti-47, Tohfa-47, Shikayat-48, Seeta Swayamvar-4, maya bazaar-49,, kamal ke Phool-50, Pardes-50,Malti madhav-51 Nanhe Munne-52, Chham chhama chham-52, fareb-53, Lehren-53, Jhamela-53, bhagyawaan-53, Biraj bahu-54, pooja-54, Bindiya-55 etc. ( Bio based on her interview in ” chanderi Aathavani ” by Sulabha Ternikar and material provided by shri Harish Raghuvanshi ji, with Thanks.)

Film India magazine was quite popular in the 40s and the 50s. In its June-1946 issue, the editor Baburao Patel has reviewed this film. As per his judgement, the film was no good. Its story (story, dialogues and songs by I.C.Kapoor) had no life and the director Homi Wadia had spoiled the film by his inept handling and direction. No wonder. Baburao patel rarely praised any film,director or an actor, so this review was on expected lines only.
The film was based onthe ” theme of innocence teaching bitter experience to look at life with a smiling understanding” according to Patel. The story of the film was…

Bhairav (Mazhar Khan) is fed up of life, because his son married outside their cast and all his society criticized him no end. He became very bitter in life and lived in a house on top of a mountain- away from society. He is feared by the villagers around. One of his relatives (Kanta Kumari) sends her niece Madhu (Baby Madhuri) to live with him. Over a period, due to the good and helping nature of optimistic smiling Madhu, Bhairav starts changing and becoming a normal person.

Suddenly, the aunt kidnaps Madhu and sells her as a companion to a rich invalid kamla(Baby Shakuntala). Here too, Madhu wins everyone’s hearts. Envied by this, the Governess (Gulab) of kamla kidnaps Madhu. Meanwhile, Bhairav is also searching Madhu. He rescues her, but the Police detain him and Madhu in the Police station. The village school Teacher Ramesh(B.Nandrekar) and his beloved(Chandraprabha) give positive evidence and Bhairav and Madhu are released. All ends well in the end.

The role of teacher Ramesh was done by B.Nandrekar. This name must be totally unknown to the new generation readers. B.Nandrekar or babasaheb Nandrekar was one of the very few really handsome actors Hindi films ever had. He was born in 1910, in Sangli district of Maharashtra, near Kolhapur. Being a Muslim, he could speak Urdu/Hindi fluently. He completed his schooling from Kolhapur and joined films. Vishnupant Damle (one of the founder partners of Prabhat Films) was making silent film ‘Maharathi Karna’ (1928) for Maharashtra Film Co. He offered Nandrekar a role. Then he worked in other films like ‘Baji Prabhu Deshpande’ (1929), ‘Lanka’ (1930), ‘Kismet’ (1931) and ‘Dushman Ki Raat’ (1931).
His first talkie film was ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933). Prabhat gave him a role in ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1936) (its Hindi version came in 1948). He worked in ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936) and became quite popular as a hero, opposite Shanta Apte. He was hero in ‘Baghbaan’ (1938) opposite Sitara Devi.

In 1939, he became the first actor to go abroad to shoot scenes in film ‘Africa In Hind’ – ‘हिन्द में अफ्रीका’ (1939). The shooting was done in Africa. Thus this became the first ever Hindi film to shoot in foreign country, and NOT film ‘Naaz’ (1954), as is popularly believed and also as mentioned in HFGK. Nandrekar had become very popular. The chappals he used in film ‘Baghbaan’ became fashionable by the name ‘Nandrekar Chappals‘. This alone is enough to prove his popularity.

His law suit against Prabhat Film Company was a topic of discussion in the industry. There were differences between him and Prabhat over his contract with them. His lawyers were Mr. Jinnah and Mr. Setalwad, who won the case for him. He was also the first actor to work as a freelancer.

Nandrekar appeared in 23 Hindi films. His films were ‘Kurukshetra’ (1933), ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936), ‘Jaadugarin’ (1937) (UR), ‘Baghbaan’ (1938), ‘Africa In Hind’ (1939), ‘Qaidi’ (1940), ‘Hindustan Hamara’ (1940), ‘Alakh Niranjan’ (1940), ‘Chitralekha’ (1941), ‘Mamaji’ (1942), ‘Duniya Tumhari Hai’ (1942), ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943), ‘Andhi Duniya’ (1943), ‘Swarn Bhoomi’ (1944), ‘Lady Doctor’ (1944), ‘Ismat’ (1944), ‘Bachpan’ (1945), ‘Kamla’ (1946), ‘Jeevan Sikho’ (1946), ‘Parshuram’ (1947), ‘Meri Amaanat’ (1947), ‘Khandani’ (1947), ‘Sant Tukaram’ (1948) and last film ‘Bihari’ (1948).

He passed away in 1949. No definite information is available about his demise.

With today’s song, film Bachpan-1945 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Bole re panchhi bole (Bachpan)(1945) Singers-Unknown female voice, unknown male voice, Lyrics- I C Kapoor, MD- S N Tripathi
Both

Lyrics

Bole re panchhi bole
Bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
Bole re panchhi bole

ambuwa pe baithha shor machaaye
ambuwa pe baithha shor machaaye
suno jee
haan
chhota sa dil mera
chhota sa dil
chhota sa dil mera ghabra jaaye
dole re dil mera dole
dole re dil mera dole
bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
Bole re panchhi bole

teri jawaani meri jawaani
teri jawaani meri jawaani
kehta hai wo to yehi kahaani
kehta hai wo to yehi kahaani
????

hmm
dinon ke ?? soye
?? soye

bole re panchhi bole
kya bole
panchhi to hai naadaan saanwariya
panchhi to hai naadaan saanwariya
patton ke bhi hai jaan saanwariya
baat wo ho bole haule
baat wo ho bole haule
sono je
hmm
?? uski bala se
?? uski bala se
karta hai wo to baat hawa se
jee mein jo aaye wo bole
jee mein jo aaye wo bole

bole re panchhi bole
bole re panchhi bole


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3961 Post No. : 15039 Movie Count :

4124

Today’s song is from a very old film-Do Deewane-1936. The film was made by Sagar Movietone. It was directed by Chimanlal Luhar and the music was by Pransukh Nayak.

The film was a Comedy film. Originally made in Gujarati as ” Be kharab jan “, it was based on a play written by the famous Literary figure of Gujarat- Kanhaiyalal Munshi ( 30-12-1887 to 8-2-1971 ). He was an activist in Independence struggle, a Politician ( Home Minister and Governor), a writer and an educationist (founded Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan). Munshi had dabbled in film industry and many Gujarati and Hindi films were made on his plays and stories in almost every decade.

All the 11 songs of the film were written by the famous Gujarati poet ” Raskavi ” Raghunath Bramhabhatt. He was born on 13-12-1892. He was a famous Gujarati poet and also a popular playwright. He was aptly called ‘Rasakavi’ or ‘Poet of rasa’. He began his career by writing erotic poems that became very popular. His plays mainly tackled mythological and historical subjects, such as Buddhadev i.e. ‘The God Buddha’, Sringi rishi i.e. ‘Mountain Sage’, Ajatsatru, Saraswatichandra, Sneh mudra i.e. ‘Ring of Affection’. He followed Sanskrit dramaturgy i.e. a novelty when Shakespearean adaptations ruled the Gujarati stage. His adaptations of Nanalal Kavi’s verse plays and Govardhanram’s novel, Saraswatichandra, were highly appreciated by audiences. He is accepted in literary circles as a major dramatist, a rare recognition for a writer of the old professional theatre. His autobiography Smaran manjari i.e. ‘Cluster of Memories’ in 1955 traces the history of Gujarati theatre over three decades beginning from 1910.

Darpana’s productions of his play Kalyan rajya i.e. ‘Benevolent Kingdom’ in 1962 points to his ability to attract the experimental theatre.Raghunath Brahmbhatt died on 11-7-1983. He wrote lyrics for just 6 Hindi films- Do deewane-36, Baaraat-42, Mera Gaon-42, Ashirwad-43, Bhakta Bilwamangal-48 and Roop sundari-49.

The film cast was Motilal, Shobhana Samarth, Yakub, Aruna Devi, Sankata Prasad, Bhudo Advani and others. The name of Aruna Devi may be a new one for many. She started acting in films with film Village Girl-36. The same year, she also acted in Mard ka Bachha, Lagna Bandhan,Do Deewane and Deccan Queen ( she did a double role in this film. She also sang 2 songs in this film.) and in 1938 she acted in her last film Asha-38. After this she got married to a businessman Mr. Nanavati and settled in England- ending her very short career as an actress.

Do Deewane was the first film in which Motilal and Shobhana Samarth acted together. In later life, however, besides acting, they lived a life together also in real life. The film was directed by Chimanblal Luhar.

The Director CHIMANLAL MULJIBHOY LUHAR ( 1901-1948) was a Chemistry graduate from Bombay University. He started writing as a critic and author in journals like Beesvin sadee, Navchetan and Bombay Chronicle. He joined film line as a lab Assistant in Kohinoor studios in early 20s. Soon he became a noted cameraman for several documentaries, with K.D.Brothers, Bombay,under a British cameraman of Prince of Wales’ official entourage. After a brief stint at Rajkot with Saurashtra Films and a longer one at Krishna Films-where he shot 20 films, he joined Sharada Studios with ‘Dagabaz Duniya-1926 and several stunt films by Master Vithal. He turned a producer for a few stunt films. Later he was a partner in Sharda films and a Director with Sagar Movietone(1934-1940). From 1941 to 46 he worked for Prakash Pictures. He directed Sassi Punnu-32,Silver King-35 Talash-E-haq (first film of Nargis, made by Jaddanbai)-35, Do deewane, Kharab Jaan, Capt. Kirtikumar, Dynamite, Kaun kisika, Sewa Samaj, Saubhagya, Darshan, Station master, School Master, Uss paar and Bindiya. He died at the young age of 47 years,in 1948. He had established his own production outfit ‘Sun Art Pictures’ in 1943, but he made only 3 films with it -School Master-43, Uss Paar-44 and Bindiya-46, before he died, after a prolonged illness.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Sassi Punnu; 1935: Silver King; Talash-e-Haq; 1936: Do Diwane/Be Kharab Jan; 1937: Captain Kirti Kumar; 1938: Dynamite; 1939: Kaun Kisika; Seva Samaj; 1940: Saubhagya; 1941: Darshan; 1942: Station Master; 1943: School Master; 1944: Us Paar; 1946: Bindiya.

Film Do Deewane took a satirical look at the practice in society, the character of a father, forcing his daughter into a marriage for monetary incentive, was at the heart of this film. The daughter runs away from home and meets a lot of people. In his original stage drama, Munshi had brought different people speaking in different languages- creating kind of a humour, however in the Hindi film version it was only Hindi language spoken by different people…still creating laughs by their grammar and pronunciation.

While doing the shooting, Motilal was quite hesitant and shy in love scenes. There was a scene in which he was supposed to take the Heroine in his arms. But even after trying several times Motilal could not do it. Fed up of waiting for long, it was Shobhana who jerked him towards her and embraced him ! Imagine who must have blushed in this scene !!

In another scene, Shobhana is sitting on a swing. Motilal had to come from behind and push the swing to frighten her.While doing the rehearsal of this scene, Motilal gave a hard push to the swing to look realistic. As a result Shobhana not only fell off the swing but promptly became unconscious also. It was then that Motilal came to know that she was pregnant. Later on 4-6-1936, Shobhana gave birth to Nutan !

The story of the film was the usual conflict between Generation thinkings and values. Since the time unknown, newer Generations have always felt that the older people were not keeping up with current times. This was so 100 years ago and is very much true even today. The film which was made about 80 years ago tried to discuss this conflict, cinematically. Millionaire Ramdas wants to marry his daughter as per his choice. Not agreeing to this daughter Miss Rambha (Shobhana Samarth) runs away from home and in her quest of peace, meets Dr. Mohanlal (Motilal). They fall in love. At the end it is revealed that Mohanlal was the original choice of her father. So, all is well.

The film had subplots to create comic situations. However, as per the review of the film posted in Film India magazine, the comedy did not induce most people in the audience to laugh and acting of most actors was mediocre. The technical side was much appreciated. Anyway, Baburao Patel of Film India magazine rarely appreciated or had good words for any film, so nothing new in this review also.

There were 11 songs in the film. The composer was Pransukh Nayak, who started his career with film Sati Sone-33 and ended with film Kulvadhu-37, giving music to 27 films in between this period and composed 293 songs.

In Sagar Movietone, many actors, actresses, directors and technicians got first opportunity or got opportunity to develop their existing careers. The Regular artistes of Sagar Movietone were called ” The Jewels of Sagar “. They included Motilal, Surendra, Kumar, Charlie, Yakub, Bhudo Advani, Sh. Mukhtar, Kanhaiyalal, Sankata Prasad, V H Desai, Sabita Devi, Bibbo, Waheedan Bai, Jyoti, Maya Banerjee, Nalini Jaywant, Ezra Mir, Ramchandra Thakur, mehboob, Sarvottam Badami, Zia Sarhadi, Faredoon Irani, Kaushik Dholabhai and Anil Biswas.

Today’s song is a fun song. From the lyrics, it sounds like a group of freshly graduated Doctors. The song has many medical terms and mentions of Medical instruments etc. This is a Chorus song. With this song, film Do Deewane makes its Debut on the Blog.

( I am thankful to the book ” Sagar Movietone”, by Biren kothari ji for information used herein.)


Song-Hum ban gaye sab bade doctor (Do Deewaane)(1936) Singer- Chorus, Lyricist- Raghunath Bramhabhatt, MD- Pransukh Nayak

Lyrics

Hum ban gaye sab bade doctor
physician aur Surgeon
patient hamaara dilbar
chaaku hamaara nashtar
Hum ban gaye sab bade doctor
physician aur Surgeon
patient hamaara dilbar
chaaku hamaara nashtar

koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
patient hamaara ho mister(?)
patient hamaara ho mister(?)
phir mauj kare kheese bhar kar
phir mauj kare kheese bhar kar
bane hunarwar chale akadkar
badhe position ghar ghar
bane hunarwar chale akadkar
badhe position ghar ghar
MBBS
FS(?)
ab kaun hai hamse badhkar
ab kaun hai hamse badhkar

ham ban gaye sab bade doctor
physician aur Surgeon
patient hamaara dilbar
chaaku hamaara nashtar
ham ban gaye sab bade doctor
physician aur Surgeon
patient hamaara dilbar
chaaku hamaara nashtar

koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
koi nine pills aur powder
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
tonic lotion aur tincture
patient hamaara ho mister(?)
patient hamaara ho mister(?)
phir mauj kare kheese bhar kar
phir mauj kare kheese bhar kar
bane hunarwar chale akadkar
badhe position ghar ghar
bane hunarwar chale akadkar
badhe position ghar ghar
MBBS
FS
ab kaun hai hamse badhkar
ab kaun hai hamse badhkar
ham ban gaye sab bade doctor
physician aur Surgeon
patient hamaara dilbar
chaaku hamaara nashtar
ham ban gaye sab bade doctor


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3960 Post No. : 15038

“Jallaad”(1956) was produced and directed by J B Lulla for Filmdom, Bombay. This B grade movie had Munawwar Sultana, Veena, Nasir, Tiwari, S Nazeer, Heera Sawant, Dabboo, Nagpal, Dhanraj, Sheila Vaz, Gope etc in it.

This fantasy movie had seven songs in it that were penned by four lyricists.

One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Jallaad”(1956) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Shamshad Begam. Khumar Barabankwi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Naashaad.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this melancholic song.


Song-Duniya banaane waale utar aasmaan se(Jallaad)(1956) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Khumar Barabankwi, MD-Naashaad

Lyrics

?? ek tamaashaaayi ee ee ee
?? ke nigehbaan
duniya mein khilaunon ki tarah aa
bikte hain insaan

duniya banaane waale ae
duniya banaane waale
utar aasmaan se
apna jahaan badal le
hamaare jahaan se ae
duniya banaane waale

do chaar din ke waaste ae ae ae
do chaar din ke waaste
duniya mein aa ke dekh
zulmo sitam hamaari tarah
khud uthhaa ke dekh
jo kuchh guzar rahi hai
kahe(?) ik zabaan pe
duniya banaane waale

mar mar ke zinda rahna aa aa
mar mar ke zinda rahna
koi dillagi nahin
shaayad teri nigaah mein ham
aadmi nahin
shiqwa nikal na jaaye
kahin ab zabaan se ae
duniya banaane waale
utar aasmaan se
apna jahaan badal le
hamaare jahaan se ae
duniya banaane waale


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3958 Post No. : 15035

“Jai Ambe”(1957) was produced by Shanti Kumar and D N Shukla and directed by Shanti Kumar for Mahesh Chitra Bombay. This “pauraanik” movie had Sulochana, Manhar desai, Sapru, Ramesh Sinha, Sheela Kashmiri, Niranjan Sharma, Kesri, Indira Bansal, Mridula, Shree Bhagwan, Kanchanmala, Dubey, Shalini, Heera Sawant etc in it with Guest appearances by Jeewan and Rajkumar( of pauraanik movies fame, different from Jaani fame Rajkumar)

The movie had nine songs in it. One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Jai Ambe”(1957) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata and Manna Dey, alongwith male and female chorus. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Shivtam.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Kaali ghataayen aakaash mein jee ghir ghir aayen (Jai Ambe)(1957) Singers-Lata, Manna Dey, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Shivram
Female chorus
Male chorus
Lata + Manna Dey
All chorus
Manna Dey + Male chorus
Lata + Female chorus

Lyrics

dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiyya chhaiyya ho
haiyya

ho o o
Kaali ghataayen aakaash mein jee
ghir ghir aayin
ghir ghir aayin
naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee

gori main tere paas hoon to
darr kaahe ka
darr kaahe ka
jhoolo jhoolo
lahron ke
hindole jee
ho
jhoolo jhoolo

lahron ke
hindole jee

dig dig dig dig
naiyya chale re
purwaiyya chale
chhak haiyya haiyya ho
haiyya

gahri nadiya door kinaara
chhod hamen mat jaiyyo re maanjhi
chhod hamen mat jaiyyo re
din bhar lahron sang khel ke
saanjh pade ghar aiyo re maanjhi
saanjh pade ghar aiyo jee
ho o o o
naao puraani gahra paani
peechhe na rah jaiyyo machhariya

peechhe na rah jaiyo jee
aanchal ki patwaar banaa ke
naiyya paar lagaiyyo machhariya

naiyya paar lagaiyyo jee
batiyaan tihaari gori
preet ka ras ghole jee
ras ghole jee
meethhi meethhi baansuriya
si bole jee
ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
dig dig dig dig
naiyya chale re
purwaiyya chale
chhak chhaiya chhaiyya ho
haiyya

ankhiyaan phadke jiyara dhadke
bijli kadke ambar mein
haay
bijli kadke ambar mein
le chal maanjhi haath pakad ke
aag lagi hai samandar mein
hoy aag lagi hai samandar mein
ho o o o o
baahar baahar dekh rahi kya
tanik to jhaanko andar mein

hoy tanik to jhaanko andar mein
devi banke bathhi tu gori
mere man ke mandar mein

hoy mere man ke mandar mein
bachpan ki ye preet hai jee
kabhi toote na
sang chhoote na
nit nit pyaar chadhhe jhakole jee

ho naiyya mori dagmag ho ke dole jee
dig dig dig dig naiyya chale
purwaiyya chale


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3957 Post No. : 15033 Movie Count :

4121

Today’s song is from the film Jadu Nagari-1940.

In last 2-3 years, I find that a lot many collectors are uploading songs from films of the 30s and also rare songs. The HFM History students- like me- are highly indebted to them for their generosity.

Like in any other fields, here too some disturbing events take place. Some collectors upload incomplete songs, thinking that this will protect their monopoly. I feel this is very unfair. No one forces them to upload songs. If they do so on their own, why not complete songs ? Anyway, it is their thinking and choice. Fortunately, true connoisseurs, like Shalin Bhatt ji are highly dependable and his songs are not only complete and rare but he also adds some information to it. Many times the viewers’ comments on the song also gives important information pieces. May God increase his tribe !

Film Jadu nagari-40 was based on an imaginary story, like many such films. These films had writers, who flew the kites of their imagination, sometimes in a very comic way. For example, turning Humans into Animals or showing talking animals, birds and even Snakes. Of course since the film had Jadu in its title iteslf, all these things were within expectations only. Actually these things made the films very interesting and watchable. ALAS ! The era of such C grade films is gone for ever !

I selected a song from this film, because I found some unusual and rare points here, worth talking about.

Firstly, the film is directed by Baburao Apte ( variously spelt as Baburao, Bapurao or S R Apte), who was the elder brother of actress Shanta Apte. He had started his acting career from the silent era. He acted in 8 silent films. Starting with film Shyamsunder-32, he acted in his first Talkie film, as Radha’s husband- where Radha was his own younger sister, Shanta Apte. In all, he acted in 16 Talkie films, his last film being “Main abla nahin hoon”-49 directed by Shanta Apte herself. He had a very minor role in it-courtesy his sister. He also directed 8 Talkie films from Kala Pahad-33 to Jadu Nagari-40. yes, today’s film was his last film as a director.

And yes, he was the same person, who brought his own younger sister of 9 years to act in films. He would put a condition in the contract that no other actor will touch her while shooting. If she had a wife’s role, he would do the husband’s role. Fortunately for cine goers, as Shanta Apte grew up as a rebel, she defied this rule and Baburao started his acting and direction separately. He got married and lived separately.

Shanta Apte- though unmarried till end- had a daughter-Nayana Apte. However this news of her daughter was kept a secret. When Shanta Apte died on 28-2-1964, ten years later Nayana declared that she was Shanta Apte’s daughter. Film Historian Isak Mujawar, in one of his books, has said that Nayana was Shanta’s daughter from brother Baburao Apte only. Such matters have no credible proofs anytime. By the way, Nayana Apte became a popular actress on Marathi Stage and in Marathi Cinema. Obviously Baburao Apte was very creative indeed !

Secondly, in this film Rajkumari Calcuttewali (real name Pullo Bai) had acted and also sang 5 songs. Though HFGK is silent about which Rajkumari it was in this film, the noted Music Historian and collector Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji has confirmed this. Also the song’s uploader Shalin Bhatt ji also mentions Rajkumari Calcuttewali. Though she acted and sang only in films made at Calcutta, two films ‘Gorakh aaya’-38 and ‘Jadu Nagari’-40 indicate her participation.Later she married one Seth Motilal from Calcutta and left films.

Thirdly, Music Director in later times-Jimmy aka James Singh- sang a duet in this film with Rajkumari Calcuttewali. Composer Jimmy aka James Singh- is one of those little known composers who never got fame or name in spite of their Talents. His real name was JAMES SINGH. He was a Christian Punjabi from Ludhiana. He was educated in Delhi.He started his career in Hindi films as a singer in Chorus. He sang 7 songs in 6 films (Imandar-39, Baghi-39, Pyar-40, Anjaam-40, Jadoo Nagri-40, and Maaya Nagri-44).

He could play many western instruments, especially all types of Guitars.When he failed as a singer, he became assistant to many composers. Finally.he got his chance to compose few songs for film ‘Muqaddar-50’, though with Khemchand Prakash and Bhola Shreshtha. He composed 2 duets of Asha and Kishore. The credit of composing the First ” Yodelling ” song of Kishore kumar goes to Jimmy. Kishore ‘yodelled ‘ first time in this film.

Jimmy then gave music to 14 more films like, Shrimatiji-52, Smuggler-59, Awara Shehzadi-56, Sher e Baghdad-57, Nek khatoon-59, Pathan-62, Miss chaalbaz-61, Tarzan and Gorilla-63, Duniya hai dilwalon ki-66, Pyar ki Baazi-67, Tarzan in fairy land-68, Aakhir-84, Khoon aur sazaa-86 and his last film, Sachhi Ibadat-1987. Inspite of giving sweet and melodious songs of a variety,Jimmy never came up to A class. He always remained a composer for C grade films. Anyway, as long as Kishore’s yodelling is heard,Jimmy’s name will be remembered.

However, in this film Jimmy was not the MD. It was yet another little known MD- Shanti kumar Desai, a very talented but unlucky composer who rarely got support from any famous banner. His music was enchanting and tunes were superb, but Lady Luck did not favour him.

He was born in Amreli,Saurashtra, Gujarat state on 3-3-1908. His family was in service as Royal Musicians, so he was exposed to music from childhood.He was an expert Harmonium player. To start his career, he came to Bombay and worked in H.M.V. as a Broadcaster. Here he came into contact with many composers and learnt how they operated and made tunes etc. He was already giving music to Dramas, but wanted to join Film line as M.D. He got his first film Navbharat ( Jawanmard)-1934. In those days Gujarati producers and directors used to prefer Gujarati MDs. Thus out of his 36 films, 18 were done with Gujarati Directors like Sohrab modi, Nanubhai Vakil, V.M.Vyas(4 films), Kanjibhai Rathod, Dhirubhai Desai etc. He also gave music to Gujarati films.

He gave music along with Madholal Master,Rafiq Ghaznavi, Pannalal Ghosh, Shyambabu Pthak etc. Famous singers like Rafi, Manna Dey, Zohrabai, Amirbai etc sang in his films during their early careers. Even kishore kumar’s early film Sati Vijay-48 had music by Shanti kumar Desai. He gave music to films of early era actors like Prem Adib, Mehtab, Sitara Devi, Leela Chitnis, Jal Merchant, Ashraf Khan, Rajkumari, Mazhar khan, Shanta Hublikar, Jairaj, E Billimoria, Kumar, Sardar Akhtar, Chandramohan, Shobhana Samarth, Durga Khote, Shahu Modak and Sulochana.

From 1934 to 1948, he gave music to 35 films and in 1964 his one film was released. He composed about 300 songs. He never got films from top banners like Bombay Talkies,Prabhat, Sagar or Minerva, otherwise his career would have been different.

He died on 6-1-1986. Some of his better known films were Bholi bhikaran-36, Punarjanma-38, Anjaam-40, Suhaagan-42, Naukar-43, Ek din ka sultan-45 and Lav Kush-51.

The Hero of this stunt film was the Stunt King Yeshwant Dave…..ever heard his name ? Not a great chance, I know.

It was not uncommon during the days of early cinema for people to hang around studios and filming locations in the hopes of being discovered. One such intrepid soul was Yeshwant Dave (or Yashwant Dave), who was at Kohinoor Studios observing a picture being made by producer J.B.H. Wadia. The handsome and athletic Yeshwant cornered Wadia, insisting that he would make a fine hero for an action film.

Wadia agreed to test Yeshwant by having him jump from the roof of one set piece to another. He did so successfully, and J.B.H. decided to cast him in a film that he was to direct for Young United Players, the 1931 silent Thunderbolt (aka Diler Daaku) featuring Mumtaz as the heroine.

Yashwant was again directed by Wadia in Toofaan Mail (1932) and thereafter became a sought after action star appearing in the stunt films of other directors like Aspi, Dhirubhai Desai, Nari Ghadiali, Chunilal Parekh, and Harshadrai Mehta. Some of his films include Bharat Veer (1932), Jaadui Jung (1934), Bombshell (1935), Vasant Bengali (1937), Flying Ranee (1939), Magic City (Jaadoo Nagri) (1940), Torpedo (1941), Royal Mail (1946), and Kaun Pardesi (1947).

Growing out of the stunt hero persona, he turned to character parts and made infrequent onscreen appearances throughout the 1950s, including in Seikh Chilli and Makkhee Choos both released in 1956 and starring comedian Bhagwan. What became of Yeshwant Dave afterwards is anybody’s guess, as the once popular action star faded into obscurity and, sadly, is barely remembered today.

Today’s song is a duet sung by Rajkumari Calcuttewali and James Singh. There were 9 songs in the film. With this song, film Jadu Nagari-40 makes its Debut on this Blog.

(Thanks to cinemajadu.com, activeindiatv.com, Cinerang by Isak Mujawar, Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and my notes for information used herein.)


Song-Prem nagariya jaayenge hum(Jaadoonagri)(1940) Singers- Rajkumari Calcuttewali, James Singh (aka Jimmy), Lyricist- Munshi Kabil Amritsari, MD- Shanti Kumar Desai
Both

Lyrics

Prem nagariya jaayenge hum
Prem nagariya jaayenge hum
Prem nagariya jaayenge
dharti pe swarg basaayenge
dharti pe swarg basaayenge

Prem nagariya jaayenge

Prem nagar ki har galiyan mein
Prem nagar ki har galiyan mein
prem bageech banaayenge
prem bageech banaayenge

prem panchhi ban kunj kunj mein
prem geet nit gaayenge
prem panchhi ban kunj kunj mein
prem geet nit gaayenge hum
prem nagariya jaayenge

kal kal karti prem sarit mein
prem mast ho ??aayenge
kal kal karti prem sarit mein
prem mast ho ??aayenge
prem sudha ras pi pi kar
tan man ka taap mitaayenge
prem sudha ras pi pi kar
tan man ka taap mitaayenge

prem nagariya jaayenge

ek pran ham do tan ho kar
phir bhi to bisraayenge
haan
ek pran ham do tan ho kar
phir bhi to bisraayenge
haan

prem devta ke kunjan mein
prem devta ke kunjan mein
jeewan sakal bitaayenge hum
jeewan sakal bitaayenge hum
prem nagariya jaayenge


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15100 song posts by now.

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