Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rare song’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4879 Post No. : 16674

Do not dwell in the past, do not dream of the future, concentrate the mind on the present moment – Lord Buddha

Thinking about the past events in the life and planning for the future is one of the common activities of human beings most of the time. This, at times, can become a stressful activity during which negative thoughts can creep in the mind. In this process, we tend to lose focus on the current activities. We try to neatly plan for the future based on the past experiences. But not all the parameters of the future plan run on the basis of what was determined at the time of planning. The reason is that there are many uncertainties on the way to attaining the goal. I will give the example of planning my Himalayan treks to elucidate the tyranny of uncertainties.

I have always made a well-charted plan for each of my Himalayan treks. But the uncertainty starts when the train or the flight which we have booked gets delayed by a few hours jeopardizing the connecting travels to the base town/village from where the trek is to start. The second uncertainty is through natural calamities. A landslide or a flooded water stream cutting across the road can block the vehicle movements for a considerable time. The third element of the uncertainty is the weather. A rain/snow storm during the trek can force one to stay inside the tent or in a shelter on the way for a considerably long time. Lastly, the last-minute health issues of a trekker can force him the abandon the trek mid-way. Ultimately, one is not sure whether the trekker’s goal to reach his destination would be achievable or not.

Because of these perceived uncertainties, for the next trek, we plan more meticulously than what is necessary. Things work out smoothly and at the end of the trek, though we are happy to complete the trek in time without hic-cups, we feel cheated by the nature. We are left with extra days which means additional expenses. In short, there is no fixed solution in the planning for the future.

Because of the futility of the past memories and the uncertainty of the future, a philosophical thought has emerged which is known as ‘live in the moment’. This philosophy reminds us that our presence is in the present only. We cannot live in the past as that timeframe is over. We cannot plan for the future as there are many uncertainties. When we think of our past, the thought process influences our future goals. There is no guarantee that our past experiences would lead to achieving the future goals successfully.

Perhaps, it was in this context, Lord Buddha advised his followers to forget about the past, not to dream about the future and devote full time for present moment. In other words, there is no need for Mungerilal ke haseen sapne as there is no guarantee – kal ho na ho. So, enjoy the present moment on which the human beings have some control. Just go with the flow of life as beautifully visualised by Sahir Ludhianv in the song, main zindagi ka saath nibhaata chala gaya.

There may be many among us who are following ‘living for the moment’ philosophy, albeit unknowingly. After reading about this philosophy, I have realised that I have unwittingly followed this philosophy covering the important social and financial events in my life. I had flown with then current situation as needed without bothering about the future – especially in regard to my education, employment, buying a residential house, financial planning for the future etc. I had not made any financial planning for my future as at that time, I felt that my provident fund balance and the gratuity amount would take care of my future financial requirements. As I see it today, I was not completely right about this thinking as interest earned on this amount would not have taken care of a good standard of living in my post-retired life. Fortunately, when my job became pensionable in 1997, it helped me to maintain a good standard of living after retirement.

Let me add a caveat to the ‘live in the moment’ philosophy. Each one of us follow a different life style. Some will thrive with their life to flow with the needs as and when arise without planning for the future. Some may like to have a perspective plan for their future life, may be with some flexibilities. There is also the third possibility – a sort of mix of both where one partially plans and also partially swims with the flow.

I found a rare song from the film ‘Dukh Sukh’ (1942) which depicts, more or less, the ‘live in the moment’ philosophy, probably for a drunkard in a tavern. The song is ‘hai aaj kal ki fiqar hi kyaa, majhe se pee aur majhe se khaa’ which is rendered by Rajkumari Dubey. The words are of Wali Sahab which are set to music by Khemchand Prakash.

Audio Clip:

Song-Hai aaj kal ki fikar hi kya (Dukh Sukh)(1942) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Wahi Sahab, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

hai aaj kal ki fiqar hi kyaa
maze se pee aur maze se khaa
hai aaj kal ki fiqar hi kyaa
maze se pee aur maze se khaa

ye aaj tere haath hai
ye aaj tere haath hai
kal ki kal ke saath hai
kal ki kal ke saath hai
kal kaa din jo aayega
kal kaa din jo aayega
to kal ko dekha jaayega
to kal ko dekha jaayega
hai kal ki tujhko fiqar hi kyaa
maze se pee aur maze se khaa
hai kal ki tujhko fiqar hi kyaa
maze se pee aur maze se khaa

shabaab phir na aayega
ye abr phir na chhaayega
shabaab phir na aayega
ye abr phir na chhaayega
ye chaar din hain pyaar ke ae
ye chaar din hain pyaar ke ae
maz utha tu bahaar ke
maze utha tu bahaar ke
bahaar ke tu maze uthha
maze se pee aur maze se khaa
bahaar ke tu maze uthha
maze se pee aur maze se khaa
hai aaj kal ki fiqar hi kyaa
maze se pee aur maze se khaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4877 Post No. : 16672

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No.1
———————————————————————–

It was the most unexpected and hearty welcome to my very first post on this Blog on 1-10-2012. I was happy, elated and enthusiastic. I began writing posts after posts. In those days, like me there were some other contributors too, like Sudhir ji, Nahm ji, Sadanand ji etc.After 4-5- posts, I thought why not start a Theme Series of posts and I began my first Theme Series” Less known singers’ on 6-10-2012. The readers’ response was tremendous. After 10 songs, I started my second series ” Songs by Non- Singers’ 0n 28-11-2012.

This continued for about 3 years and during this period I did 26 different Theme Series of ,usually 10 songs. But in some cases I did more songs. For example in “Vintage Kishore” I did 21 songs. Thus in these 26 series, I covered 287 songs from as many films, from 30’s to 60’s. Those days readers used to shower comments. Readers were from all over, like UK,USA, Europe, West Indies, Fiji Islands, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Hongkong, Dubai etc and of course from all over India. These days, however, the comments have diminished.

There were series with novel ideas, but my favourite was ” Songs from films on Artiste Names “, which ran from 18-9-2014 to 18-10-2014-covering just 10 songs and 10 films. The series was very popular, as it contained information on that actress, even if she did not act in that film. The names were- Madhubala, Nargis, Veena, Usha Kiran, Renuka, Madhuri, Hansa, Zubeida, Kamala and Asha.

I have decided to restart my series of “Songs from Artiste Name Films” in its Second Season. Last time only actresses were covered. This time there will be a mix of actors and actresses. As usual, I will try to cover some less known or forgotten artistes. The posts are mainly for information on the artistes.

Today’s first film is GEETA-1940. In 1940, the first film to stress and emphasize the bad effects of crime and gambling, through a crime story mixed with social theme was made. This was Circo Productions’ film ‘Geeta’. It was the first ever film, which used the formula “Crime does not pay”. It was the first film in which one actor had done a double role of father and son. It was the first film, in which there was a tussle between a criminal brother and a brother who was on the side of the law. This was also the first film in which the mother testifies in the court against her criminal son, to punish him. This was the first film, in which Durga Khote started acting Mother’s role, bringing her career as a heroine to a close.

This was the beginning of a New Era, but the unsuspecting film industry did not recognise it. In the subsequent years and decades, the principle of “Crime does not pay” was used in several films – like ‘Kismet’ (1943) and ‘Sangram’ (1950). Even the remakes of ‘Geeta’ were made in the 1950s and the 1970s. The theme was used in a number of films.

Until the 40s, double roles in films were rare and still a novelty. Actually, the first double role in a Talkie film was in ‘Aawara Shehzada’ (1933). This film was based on the popular Mark Twain novel of 1881 – The Prince and the Pauper. Surprisingly, the first film on this novel was made in India. Hollywood followed much later with Warner Brothers’ film of the same name in 1937. Instead of a double role of one actor , they used two actors who were twins- Billy and Bobby Mauch for the two roles. In Hindi ‘Awara Shehzada’, the double role was done by Shahu Modak and the film was directed by Master Vithal, India’s first hero of the talkie films. Later, ‘Raja Aur Rank’ (1968), featuring Mahesh Kumar was made based on this story.

In the film ‘Geeta’, Chandramohan was the hero and had done the father and son double role. This was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi, and in both versions, Chandramohan was the Hero. Earlier, V Shantaram had given a break to Chandramohan in his film ‘Amrit Manthan’ (1934), which also was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi. Chandramohan being a Kashmiri and not knowing Marathi, in the Marathi version, his role of Rajguru was done by Keshavrao Datey.

However. soon Chandramohan picked up fluent Marathi and acted in the bilingual films of Hindi and Marathi like, ‘Jwaala’ (1938), ‘Geeta’ (1940) and ‘Apna Ghar’ (1942). He became the first Hindi actor to do roles in Marathi films.

The one line story of the film is “If father is a criminal and influences his son, he too becomes criminal”. In other words ‘parvarish’ or bringing up is important. Chandramohan’s brother’s role in the film was done by Trilok Kapoor. Trilok Kapoor became favourite ‘Mahadev’ of India after his film ‘Har Har Mahadev’ (1950) became a hit all over the country. His role in ‘Geeta’ was that of a sincere and law abiding Public Prosecutor, who in the final scene asks for the death sentence for his criminal brother! Shades of this in ‘Deewar’ (1975) – the mother too joins the good brother, becoming a witness against the criminal son.

Durga Khote had done the roles of wife and mother in this film. This was the end of her career as a heroine and the start of her character roles, ending her 8 years of being a heroine. Vatsala Kumthekar played the role of a Kothewali (which she actually was, before joining films). She was Sundari – the prostitute friend of young Mohan. Her younger sister – Lata’s role was done by Ashalata (Mehrunnisa Moosa Bhagat in reality). In real life, she was the wife of the composer Anil Biswas in this period.

The real sister of Vatsala Kumthekar was also in this film, but she played a different role in the film. She might be about 12 year old at that time. She was Baby Suman. She was also a good singer, being from a singers’ family. She has sung a few songs in this film. In the absence of information about songs in HFGK, we do not know which song was sung by whom. From the information I secured, she had sung at least 2 songs in the film. One was a solo (today’s song) and one was a duet with Harish. This Baby Suman was very beautiful.

In a way, the film ‘Geeta’ was a landmark film, because it opened up a new genre of crime films mixed with social themes. This was soon followed by the film ‘Kismet’ (1943) and later by film ‘Sangram’ (1950). Minoo Katrak was a famous sound recordist in later years of the 60s and 70s. At this time he was a writer and had written the story for this film. Screenplay and direction was by Parshwanath Altekar. Film ‘Geeta’ was remade as ‘Ustad’ in 1957 and again as ‘Karmayogi’ in 1978. In ‘Ustad’ (1957), Ashok Kumar did the father-son double role and in ‘Karmayogi’ (1978), Raajkumar did it. I saw the film ‘Geeta’ in 1960, when it came to a Hyderabad Theatre for a morning show. Even then it ran for 20 days, everyday at 11 am.

As I have said in today’s post we will know more about actress Geeta Bali. She was not acting in this film, but the film bore her name.

In the last so many years- till 1980 – I must have seen hundreds of Films- Hindi, Marathi, English, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada. In the Hindi films, I can not forget 3 actresses, who were Bubbly, playful, with innocent looks and with Natural acting talent. They were Meena Shorey, Nalini Jaywant and Geeta Bali. I enjoyed every film of these actresses, which I saw. It is difficult to forget the role and acting of Meena Shorey in film ” Ek thi Ladki-49″, or Nalini Jaywant in film ” Hum sab chor hain-56″, or Geeta Bali in film ” Aji Bas Shukriya-58″. These were all my favourite actresses. It is very unfortunate that they all met their deaths in very tragic circumstances.

Geeta Bali’s dancing eyes and her animated, expressive face which mirrored her soul were her most outstanding features. Yet life was snatched away from this vibrant personality at an achingly young age of 35.It is some consolation that Geeta crammed a lot into her short life: 80 odd films in a ten-year career. She married struggling actor-turned-megastar Shammi Kapoor and mothered two children: a son and a daughter. Today, she is remembered as a wonderfully natural actress and a fabulous human being.She was quite close to her sisters and brother. Her childhood pet name was KEETA.

True, Geeta’s reputation as an actress rests more on her performances than her roles. Natural, spontaneous and gifted with a spot-on sense of comic timing, she never really found a vehicle worthy of her talent. Largely a shade better than the movies she starred in, she frittered away her talents in B-grade films. Probably the fact that she was born into a family that had to struggle for sheer survival and the fact that she reached the top through sheer grit had Geeta stress on quantity rather than quality. Film lore has it that when mentor [filmmaker] Kidar Sharma first met Geeta, she was living with her family in somebody’s bathroom!

Geeta Bali (real name Harkirtan kaur) was born in Amritsar on 30-11-1930, in a Sikh family, known for its religious and Scholarly traditions. Her father was a Sikh Missionary Preacher and travelled not only all over India, but also to Burma, Ceylon and Malaya. Due to frequent change of place, Geeta’s education was not consistent and it ended after 6th standard. When the family was in Kashmir, she joined the dancing and music classes. Keeta (her family nickname) did dance performances on stage in her schools.

When she was about 9-10 year old, she gave a public performance of her Dance in Lucknow. The puritans in their society objected, made a hue and cry and the pendal was burnt, to stop her show. Such experiences made her very bold in life. While at Lahore, Geeta directly entered the A.I.R. office to get a music contract. She got it also. She used to participate in Children’s programmes.

Through her Dance Director in A.I.R., she got into a documentary ” Cobbler” made by Shorey pictures. Impressed, she got a dance performance in film ” Badnami”-46 as well as Kahan Gaye-46 and Pancholi’s Patjhad-47, before moving to Mumbai. Impressed by her off-screen vivacity, Sharma cast Geeta in his Suhaag Raat (1948). Audiences related to her instantly and watched wide-eyed as she nonchalantly tossed her unconscious hero, Bharat Bhushan over her shoulder in a scene.
Soon, Geeta was inundated with contracts (that’s what they called film offers then). She accepted most. She won raves even in supporting roles like in the 1949 Suraiya starrer Badi Behan and the Madhubala starrer Dulari. In 1951, she became a major star with Guru Dutt’s first hit, Baazi (she went on to do three other films under his direction). Geeta played a gangster’s moll with a golden heart to Kalpana Kartik’s conventional heroine. But Geeta played her role with such gay abandon that hero Dev Anand divulges, “People came repeatedly to theatres to see Geeta’s spirited dancing to Tadbeer se bigdi hui taqdeer bana de.

Next she worked with Raj Kapoor in Bawre Nain-50, Bhagwan’s Albela-51 and Navketan’s Baazi-51. Now there was no looking back. Geeta Bali went on to act in 80 films in her short career of just 14 years. She even sang a few lines in a song from the film Rangeen Raaten-56, with Shamshad Begum and Uma Devi. She worked with Prithviraj Kapoor in Anand math-52 and his sons Raj kapoor in Bawre nain and in many films with Shammi kapoor. With Dev Anand she did Baazi, Faraar, Milap, Jaal, Zalzala, Ferry and Pocket Maar. She worked opposite Ashok Kumar, Motilal, Balraj Sahani, Prem Adib, Jairaj, Rehman, Bharat Bhushan, Abhi Bhattacharya, Kamal Kapoor, Karan Dewan, Shekhar, Sajjan, Amarnath, Jaswant and Suresh.

Some of her notable films were, Girls’ School-49, Dulari-49, Badi bahen-49, Nishana-550,Bawre Nain-50, Baazi-51, Albela-51, Zalzala-52, Raag Rang-52, Anand Math-52, Jhamela-53, Baaz-53, Daaku ki Ladki-54, Vachan-55, Miss Coca Cola-55, Jawab-55, Faraar-55, Bara Dari-55, Albeli-55, Pocket Maar-56, inspector-56, Coffee House-57, Mujrim-58, Jailor-58, Aji Bas Shukriya-58, Mr. India-61 etc etc.
Geeta proved she could do tragedy (Sharma’s Raj Kapoor starrer Bawre Nain) or and play the lighthearted heroine to comedian Bhagwan in the super successful Albela. Albela’s swinging C Ramchandra composed songs like Shola jo bhadke and Sham dhale mere khidki tale made front-benchers dance with the stars and even fling coins on screen. Pug-nosed Geeta was no conventional beauty, but that transparent face and that smile constantly flirting on her lips made sure you couldn’t tear your eyes away from her.

Watch Geeta Bali in the Guru Dutt-directed Jaal (1952). Dev Anand, a cigarette-smoking smuggler on the run from the police, tries to entice morally upstanding heroine Geeta into his web. Geeta evocatively communicates her struggle against, and her eventual surrender to, handsome Dev’s seduction call Yeh raat, yeh chandni phir kahan Famously down-to-earth despite her star status, Geeta was the antithesis of the coy 1950s’ heroine. She often drove herself to her premieres in an open jeep. Those who knew her claim she was a Samaritan who touched the lives of whoever she met. She is said to have personally groomed Mala Sinha, then a newcomer.

To date, so many years after her death, her secretary Surinder Kapoor’s (Boney Kapoor’s father) productions begin with a shraddhanjali to Geeta Bali.

Shammi Kapoor entered her life when they worked in the quaintly named Miss Coca Cola and Coffee House together. On an impulse, Geeta played a small role of a man in Sharma’s Shammi Kapoor starrer Rangeen Raatein. On the film’s Ranikhet outdoor, Shammi and Geeta fell in love. Kapoor was a year younger to her and was not yet a star, but the twosome were hell bent on marrying each other. Geeta had worked with Shammi’s eldest brother, Raj Kapoor in Bawre Nain, and with his father, Prithviraj Kapoor in Anand Math, Shammi was unsure about their reaction to this match. But on August 23, 1955, with producer-director Hari Walia and friend Johnny Walker as witness, the couple were married at the Banganga Temple at 4 am.

Geeta continued to work after marriage in a few films like Sohrab Modi’s Jailor (1958), where she won raves as a blind girl. With Shammi Kapoor turning into a huge star and the birth of her two children Aditya (nicknamed Mickey) and Kanchan, she eased her workload.

The desire to do that one fulfilling role she would be remembered for prompted Geeta to attempt the production of a classic for herself. She started Rano, based on Rajinder Singh Bedi’s famous novel, Ek Chadar Maili Si, based on a widow’s remarriage to her brother-in-law. Upcoming star Dharmendra played her hero.

Geeta, had not been vaccinated for smallpox, despite the fact her father too had died of Smallpox. She had ignored repeated warnings in the childhood. She contracted the dreaded disease while shooting the film. The best care was rushed to her, but her fever apparently reached 107 degrees. Her doctor saw a picture by his patient’s bedside and asked who the pretty lady was. The disease had so wracked Geeta’s frail frame that he didn’t recognise her as the same person!

Geeta Bali passed away on January 21, 1965, leaving behind eight-year-old Aditya and three-year-old Kanchan in the care of a devastated Shammi Kapoor.

Ironically, she was cremated in Banganga, not far from where she was married. ( adapted from Rediffmail.com, books Star Portraits by Harish Booch and Stars of the Indian Screen by Baburao Patel, India Today, Yaadon ki Baaraat by Shirish Kanekar and my notes – with thanks.)

Songs of the film Geeta-1940 are not available anywhere and are difficult to find. On my request our friend shri Deepak Choudhari ji provided me with this song. My hanks to his generosity. Our own Sadanand ji helped me by uploading it, my thanks to him too. The song is sung by Baby Suman, Harish and chorus.


Song-Saanwra murliwaala Yashoda ne paala Gwaala (Geeta)(1940) Singers- Baby Suman, Unknown female voice, Harish, Lyricist- S K Kalla, MD- D P Korgaonkar (K Datta)

Lyrics

Saanwra murliwaala
haan Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala Gwaala aa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

chunmun chunmun aangan ghooma
nand ?? tan man ??
chunmun chunmun aangan ghooma
nand ?? tan man ??
gopin ne sundar mukh chooma
ichhaa roop banaao ??
gwaala aa aa
aa aa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

maakhan ?? dil ko churaaya
maakhan ?? dil ko churaaya
paapi ?? cheer hara
paapi ?? cheer hara
tan man ki sudh har lee usne
yuva bhaya nandlala aa aa
yuva bhaya nandlala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala gwaala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala

Kans ko maara
Mahabharat bhi
Kans ko maara
Mahabharat bhi
karm sikhaaya Geeta kahi
karm sikhaaya Geeta kahi
?? hain dev hamaare
?? hain dev hamaare
?? hain dev hamaare
bol hain unke aalaa aa aa
bol hain unke aalaa aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala
Yashoda ne paala gwaala aa aa
Saanwra murliwaala


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4867 Post No. : 16661 Movie Count :

4540

Missing Films of 1960s – 118
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

All changes with time. Does everything? There is a counter quote to this one – the more things change, the more they remain the same.

Do dreams change with time, across generations? Maybe some do. Does love change with time? I feel not. The basic understanding of emotions probably remains the same across generations, and maybe across geographies too.

Does life change? Yes, in a context, life does change with passage of time and as per the changing social and economic environment. But do the passages of life change? I believe not. Birth, growth, old age and death – all these passages visit everyone invariably.

And so does childhood – visits everyone invariably. Childhood, and its dreams – that is an experience that visits all of us immediately as we arrive in this creation. Of course the duration of this experience varies from person to person. And not to discount the fact that for some strange souls, this experience lasts a lifetime.

14th November today. Birth anniversary of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India. Traditionally, this day is designated as and has been celebrated as the day of Children for decades. With changing political and administrative priorities, the celebration associated with this day seems to have disappeared from our calendars. Sad to see that a child’s fun and happiness is overshadowed by political idiosyncrasies.

I cannot speak of the digital media – I do not watch TV, period. I get three newspapers at home. Today morning I felt good in my heart that two of them carry special sections of four pages each, devoted to Children’s Day. These pages carry short stories and other material for children. I feel happy that all is not changed, all is not forgotten.

Looking back into our blog, for this date of 14th November across the 13+ years of our musical journey, I find the following about this celebration.

In 2008, there was no mention of Children’s Day on the blog, on this date. In 2009 this day was a dot day, no posts. 2010 saw 6 posts, but no mention of children. 2011 turned out to be a redeeming bonanza, with the entire set of 5 posts that day were assigned to children’s songs.

2012 was again a dot day. In 2013 there were seven posts, with one for this celebration. In 2014 we had 2 celebratory posts devoted to children, out of 5. In 2015 it was 1 out of 2 and 2016 saw 2 posts out of 6. This day in 2017 had only one post, not a children’s song. 2018 had one out of two posts, 2019 had just one post and it was a children’s song. Last year, we had two songs, one of which is the celebration for the day.

So a total of 14 posts in the past 13 years. In all fairness to the blog, I must state we otherwise have 115 children’s songs already posted + many more in other categories like ‘Lullabies’, ‘Parent Child Songs’ etc.

A friend sent a greeting today that carries these words,

“Childhood is all about being wild,”
“having fun and enjoying a carefree life”
“Enjoy your childhood till it lasts.”
“Happy Children’s Day”

I liked the phrase in here – “Enjoy your childhood till it lasts.”. Of course, till it lasts, but then making it last is in our own hands. One can grow up, and take care of everything in life that needs to be taken care of, and still continue to nourish and nurture a child within. You may think it is not feasible, but I do know some people who manage to do just this.

Coming to this song for today. I must share that this song has been sitting with me for over two years now, waiting to be written for. If I remember correctly, it is Sadanand ji who sent me the link to this rare song.

So let’s talk about the rarity factor of this song. The film ‘Rahul’ is a 1964 film by Children’s Film Society, Bombay. Although it is listed in the Geet Kosh, search by me and other friends had turned up a nought, and we had lost all hope that anything about this film will ever turn up. Scarce as they are, the films of Children Film Society are anyway a rarity, and more so the songs contained within. Geet Kosh lists two songs in the film, with the footnote that the film has just two songs.

About the film now. This is a film of devotional genre. The film is directed by Ram Gabaale. The songs are written by Madhukar Rajasthani. Music for this film is by the venerated Vasant Desai. The singing voice is of Asha Bhosle accompanied by chorus.

The star cast of this film is listed as Sandeep, Achla Sachdev, Arun, Ratnamala, Jagdish Sethi, Chaman Puri, Daya Devi, Leela Chaukhaani.

This is a very interesting fun song. The accompanying image on the YouTube clip appears to be of this song itself. It seems to be a song performed by children plus a main lady dancer, all dressed as tribal folk. The song is full of animal sounds and animal references, indicating a forest ambiance having been created for this song. And the singing by Asha Bhosle is just superb. A really enjoyable children’s song.

For the child inside all of us – “Dim Dim Dim Dim Digo”.

Song – Dim Dim Dim Dim Digo  (Rahul) (1964) Singer – Asha Bhosle, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, MD – Vasant Desai
Chorus

Lyrics

[animal sounds]

aha ha ha aha
aha ha ha aha

aaa haaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaaa
aaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
aaaa aaaaa

dim dim dim dim digo
aha ha ha ha
dim dim dim dim digo
o ooo
khamba sa gabru igo
ooo oooo
oo oooo
dim dim dim dim digo
aaaa aaaa
dim dim dim dim digo

aaha ha haa haa haa
ha haa haa haa
ho ho ho
aaha ha haa haa haa
ha haa haa haa
ho ho ho

log kahen chaahe junglee
junglee
log kahen chaahe junglee
dafli pe pade jab ungli
dafli pe pade jab ungli
sher dabaa ke
dum ko bhaage
sher dabaa ke
dum ko bhaage
apne aage chigo
ha ha ha ha ha haaa
haaaa
dim dim dim dim digo
o ho oo
dim dim dim dim digo

hum parvat parvat ghoomen
aaa aaaa
aaaaaaaaaaa aaaa aa
hum parvat parvat ghoomen
mushqil ka daaman choomen
mushqil ka daaman choomen
ho sardi garmi
barkha jhelen
sardi garmi
barkha jhelen
maut se khelen pico
aa haa haa haa
oo oo oooo
o oo o
dim dim digo
ha ha ha ha haaa
dim dim digo

bade ajab hain apne saathi
apne saathi
bade ajab hain apne saathi
bhaalu
(bear sound)

geedad
(jackal sound)
bandar
(monkey sound)

haathi
(elephant sound)
bade ajab hain apne saathi

bhaalu geedad bandar haathi
kab ye ladaai hum se thaanen
kab ye ladaai hum se thaanen
koi na jaane jhigo
oo oo oo oooo
oooo ooooo
ho oo oo
dim dim digo
ho ho oo
dim dim digo
hoo oo
khamba sa gabru igo
oooo
ooooo
oooo

dim dim digo
ha ha ha ha haaa
dim dim digo

[animal sounds]


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4866 Post No. : 16657

“Chunariya”(1948) was directed by Ravindra Dave for Kuldeep Pictures, Bombay. Mulkraj Bhakri had written the story, dialogues, screen-play and lyrics. For all practical purposes, Mulkraj Bhakri was the producer of the movie as well, though Kuldeep Sehgal was credited as producer and Lekhraj Bhakri as production controller. Almost all persons involved in the making of this movie were displaced from Lahore during partition and this movie was their attempt to establish themselves in Bombay fil industry.

This movie had Wasti, Manorama, Pran, Randhira, Cuckoo, Narbada Shanker, Sofia, Chaand Burke,Ramesh, Sarita, Baij Sharma, Shrimati Motipal,Krishn Duggal, Menhdi Raza Raja etc in it.

The movie turned out to be a hit and that went a long way in establishing the persons in Bombay film industry.

The movie had ten songs in it. Nine songs have been covered so far. Here are the details of these songs:-

Song Date of posting Singer(s)
Sab kuchh lutaayaa hamne aakar teri gali mein 2 April 2011 Rafi
Aankh meri lad gayi re lad gayi 21 December 2011 Lata Mangeshkar, Indra Goyal
O motor waale babu 23 December 2011 Geeta Dutt
Dil e naashaad ko jeene ki hasrat ho gayee tumse 1 September 2012 Lata Mangeshkar
Tera kaanton se pyaar 4 February 2013 Geeta Dutt, Rafi
O koi nain mila ke chala gaya 3 April 2017 Geeta Dutt
Hansi le ke aaye thhe ro kar chale 3 August 2017 S D Batish
Tere milne ko jee dhadke 2 May 2018 Geeta Dutt
Daaman se bandh gayi choli re 11 September 2021 Geeta Dutt

One can notice that as many as five singers were used in the nine songs that have been covered so far. The singers were strugglers at that time. This movie saw Lata Mangeshkar singing a ghazal for the first time in Hindi movies. The Rafi Geeta Dutt duet in this movie is the oldest Rafi Geeta Dutt duet in Hindi movies that is available. Lata Mangeshkar had sung only one duet with a male singer till 1947. This year, she sang eight such duets. Her duet with Indra Goyal was her only duet with that singer.

The tenth and final song from the movie is a rare song. It would appear that very few people have actually listened to this song. HFGK mentions this song as “saawan aaya-3 re jaage more bhaag sakhi re”. The words “Saawan aaya” appear in the movie only towards the end of the song. “Jaage mora bhaag sakhi re” is not at all there. Instead, we find the opposite words, viz “Soye mora bhaag saki ree” in the song. 🙂

Listening to the song, one would classify it as a Geeta Dutt solo with chorus towards the end. But, HFGK mentions this song as sung by Geeta Dutt, Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle. HFGK also mention this song as the first Hindi film song sung by Asha Bhonsle.

If Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle have sung in this song, then that would be in the last stanza that is sung by chorus though personally I could not detect the individual voices of Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle. People with better hearing abilities may be able to detect their voices.

Nevertheless, this rare song does have the distinction of being the first Hindi movie song with Asha Bhonsle’s voice in it.

With this rare and special song, all the songs of “Chunariya”(1948)have now been covered and this movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Soye more bhaag sakhi ree Saawaan aaya re (Chunariya)(1948) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Mulkraj Bhakri, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Zohrabai Ambalewaali + Asha Bhonsle
Geeta Dutt + Zohrabai Ambalewaali + Asha Bhonsle

Lyrics

o o o
o o o o

bhanwar padi hai mori naiyya
bhanwar padi hai mori naiyya
roothh gaya
roothh gaya
roothh gaya hai hamse khewaiyya
roothh gaya hai hamse khewaiyya
na mora baabul
na mora bhaiyya
na mora bhaiyya

saawan sakhi ree main kaise gaaun
kisko dil ka haal sunaaoon
haal sunaaoon oon oon
saawan sakhi ree main kaise gaaun
kisko dil ka haal sunaaun
haal sunaaoon oon oon

naa gaa ree sakhi
naa gaa ree sakhi
ye saawan ka raag

em>more man mein laage aag sakhi
more man mein laage aag
more man mein laage aag sakhi
more man mein laage aag

soye more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re
soye more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re

saawan aaya saawan aaya
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya saawan aaya
saawan aaya re

jaage more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4793 Post No. : 16553 Movie Count :

4507

Leela Desai was one of the top actresses during 1937-47 both in Kolkata and Mumbai. There was a curiosity in me as to why she suddenly disappeared from the film industry after 1947 when her career was at the peak. Thereafter, she lived in almost obscurity. What is surprising about Leela Desai is that information about her date/year of birth, her marital status, what she did after she left the film industry and when she passed away are unknown or sketchy.

Leela Desai was the 4th of the 5 children born to Dr Umedram Desai from Gujarat and Satybala Devi, daughter of a Bengali landlord settled in Bihar. It was a second marriage for both of them as Satyabala Devi lost her husband during the childhood while Dr Umedram Desai got married to his first wife in his childhood through whom he had two sons. Later, Dr Umedram Desai married Gunobati Mitter, a Bengali Christian, for the third time with whom he had 6 children. Before her marriage, Gunobati Mitter worked as a tutor for the children of Dr Umedram Desai and Satyabala Devi in Rampur. So apart from her own 4 siblings, Leela Desai had 8 step brothers/sisters.

Leela Desai was born in Newark when her parents were in the USA for a 3-year stint. She was brought up in Rampur as her father, Dr Umedram Desai became the State Surgeon for the State of Rampur and the personal Physician to the Nawab of Rampur. At the age of six, Leela Desai was sent to Kolkata for her primary schooling and to Kurseong near Darjeeling from where she completed her Matric and Junior College. Thereafter, Leela Desai returned to Lucknow by which time her father had passed away in Mumbai. In Lucknow, she enrolled to learn Kathak from Shambu Maharaj. During her training, she gave a lot of charity dance performances and made a good name as a dancer.

Hemchandra Chunder, one of the film directors in New Theatres who was on a visit to Lucknow, attended one of Leela Desai’s dance performances. He was impressed by her dance performance with her expressive eyes. He offered her a role of a younger sister of Kamlesh Kumari in New Theatre’s ‘President’ (1937) in which she had also a dance performance. At first, she did not show much interest to work in the film. However, after few days when she watched New Theatres’ Krorepati’ (1936), she felt that she could act in the film. She wrote to Hemchandra Chunder about her willingness to work in the film. The fact that Hemchandra along with Nitin Bose rushed to Lucknow with a contract showed their eagerness to take Leela Desai for the film without the screen test.

‘President’ (1937) became a hit on the box office and Leela Desai’s performance in the film was appreciated so much that overnight she became the star. Under New Theatres’ banner, apart from ‘President’ (1937), she worked in ‘Vidyapati’ (1937), ‘Dushman’ (1938), Kapal Kundala’ (1939) and ‘Nartaki’ (1940). Except ‘Kaapal Kundala’, she also acted in Bangla versions of the films and had also dance performances in these films.

After ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Leela Desai left New Theatres and took a year-long all-India tour with her dance troupe which became very successful both in terms of recognition as a dancer as well as in monetary terms. After accepting the attractive offer from Chimanlal Trivedi of Laxmi Productions, she landed in Mumbai to act in their maiden film ‘Tamanna’ (1942). In Mumbai, though Leela Desai worked as a free-lance actor, she was associated with Laxmi Productions for ‘Inkaar’ (1943), ‘Sharaafat’ (1943), ‘Miss Devi’ (1944), ‘Kamala’ (1946), and ‘Maharani Milandevi’ (1946). She also worked with her New Theatres’ colleagues and directors in Mumbai such as Nitin Bose in ‘Paraaya Dhan’ (1943) and ‘Mujrim’ (1944), with Debaki Bose in ‘Meghdoot’ (1945) and with Kidar Sharma in ‘Kaliyaan’ (1944). In addition, she worked with veterans directors like Vishram Bedekar in ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), R S Chaudhary in ‘Magadraj’(1946) and with Ramchandra Thakur in ‘Geet Govind’ (1947).

During her short filmy career between 1937-47, Leela Desai worked in 22 films. After 1947, Leela Desai seems to have taken a ‘voluntary retirement’ from the film industry. Her only connection to filmy industry after 1947 was that her name appeared on the credit titles of Bimal Roy’s film, ‘Kabuliwala’ (1961) as Associate Producer. It is said that Leela Desai bought the rights of ‘Kabuliwaala’ (1961, Bangla) from Tapan Sinha with an intention to make the film in Hindi. However, later she sold the rights to Bimal Roy.

Leela Desai’s elder sister, Shanti Desai was married to Bratindranath Tagore, a nephew of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore. Her younger sister, Monica Desai was also an actress in Bangla and Hindi films who got married to film director, Phani Majumdar in 1947.

As I said earlier, not much information about Leela Desai was available after she left the films. One of the commentators has mentioned on the facebook page that Leela Desai remained unmarried for rearing the children of her elder sister, Shanti who passed away at a young age. If it is true, it is a sacrificial act by her to leave the film industry and remain unmarried to take care of her elder sister’s children.

Another reference I got about Leela Desai after her leaving films was from an obituary of Sumita Sanyal written in 2017 by Shoma A Chatterji, a film scholar and a free-lance journalist. In this article, she has mentioned that Leela Desai was staying in Mumbai at her apartment in Worli Sea Face where she used to conduct acting classes for the prospective actors coming from Kolkata. One of such actors to whom she gave acting training was Sumita Sanyal. It is possible that Leela Desai may have recommended Sumita Sanyal to Hrishikesh Mukherjee for the film ‘Ashirwaad’ (1968).

As per the comment on Upperstall, written by Shoma A Chatterji in the context of yester year stars who passed away in oblivion, it was stated that Leela Desai passed away in Mumbai. But her date/year of death was not mentioned. She further stated that none of the newspapers and film magazines carried the news of her death.

Leela Desai who started her filmy career with her maiden film “president’ (1937) under the direction of Nitin Bose, got the opportunity to work under his direction in ‘Paraaya Dhan’ (1943) and ‘Mujrim’ (1944), later film being also produced by Nitin Bose under the banner of Vishnu Cinetone. The star cast included Motilal, Leela Desai, Jagdish Sethi, Yakub, Veena Kumari, Sunalini Devi, Cuckoo etc.

From a very short synopsis available on-line, the film was a ‘musical crime-thrilling family drama’. Motilal is a kind hearted person who meets Leela Desai and fall in love with her. Both of them want to marry each other but a villain, Yakub comes in the way as Leela Desai would inherit a lot of wealth if she gets married. So, Motilal is framed under a false murder case by Yakub. How the real culprit is traced and Motilal and Leela Desai get united, becomes the part of the thrilling end.

The film had 6 songs written by Kailash Matwala (4) and Rammurti Chaturvedi (2). The songs were set to music by Padmabhushan Pandit Jnan Prakash Ghosh, one of the greatest Tabla and Harmonium players.

I am presenting the first song ‘mori dukaniya aana baabu’ from ‘Mujrim’ (1944) to appear on the Blog. The song is rendered by Rajkumari Dubey on the words of Rammurti Chaturvedi. It is very melodious song with unusual orchestration. There is also some influence of Rabindra Sangeet in the musical composition of the song.

With this song, ‘Mujrim’ makes a debut on the Blog.

Note: Leela Desai’s early life sketch is based on an article which appeared in July 1942 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine after the release of ‘Tamanna’ (1942), her maiden film in Mumbai. Some personal information about Desai family is supplemented from a Blog of Adeel Desai.

Audio Clip:

Song-Mori dukaniya aana baabu (Mujrim)(1944) Singer-Rajkumari, Lyrics-Rammurty Chaturvedi, MD-Pandit Jnan Prakash Ghosh

Lyrics

mori dukaniya aana baabu
mori dukaniya aana
mori dukaniya aana baabu
mori dukaniya aana aa aa
bhaant bhaant ke phool rangeele
des lekar jaana
haan aan aan
bhaant bhaant ke phool rangeele
des lekar jaana baabu
mori dukaniya aana aa aa

jeth maheena aa aa
raat ki raani ee ee
jeth maheena raat ki raani
phoolen aadhi ratiyaan aan aan
jeth maheena raat ki raani
phoolen aadhi ratiyaan aan aan
bahey paseena jee ghabraaye
saajan karen na batiyaan
karen na batiyaan
karen na batiyaan
aan aan aan aan aan aan
phool ka haar pahan ke sajni
saajan ko lalchaana aa aa
mori dukaniya aana baabu
mori dukaniya aana aa aa

aaya maas ashaadh
chameli phooli kyaari kyaari
aaya maas ashaadh
chameli phooli kyaari kyaari
kali kaliyon mein se khushboo nikli pyaari pyaari
chilla chilla kar baabu mere roothhi naar manaana
chilla chilla kar baabu mere roothhi naar manaana
baabu roothhi naar manaana
mori dukaniya aana baabu
mori dukaniya aana aa aa
bhaant bhaant ke phool rangeele
des lekar jaana
baabu
mori dukaniya aana aa aa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4754 Post No. : 16493 Movie Count :

4481

Today’s song is from an unknown film Maaf Kijiyega-1946. HFGK mentions ” Social Film” as its Genre, but none of the factors of this film support this claim. The director was Nari Ghadiyali – who was a specialist for action/stunt films. MD was K.Narayan rao, famous only for stunt films. The cast of the film also consisted of regular actors for stunt films, like Prakash(real name Hashmat ullah khan), Shanta Patel (a regular in Master Bhagwan’s stunt films), Dalpat (popular as Dalpat Kaka), Bibi, Chandrika etc etc. The songs were written by an unknown lyricst- Mustapha and were sung by ordinary singers-not any famous one. I wonder how such a combination can be suitable for a ” Social’ film ?

This Blog started in 2008 and I joined it as a commentor sometime in 2010. I don’t remember exactly when. Nowadays, whenever I have free time and nothing else to do, I visit the early pages of the Blog and see the songs and more importantly – the comments. In those early years and till about 2018 or so, there used to be a lot of comments by readers. I found that readers were from various other countries, but surprisingly, their knowledge about old films, songs and its artistes was quite noteworthy.

As the years passed by, the foreign readers’ number dwindled slowly, but readers from India increased in the comment section. One logical reason was that the readers from other countries were probably from the older generation, settled abroad. Hence as the time passed on slowly their activities must have got reduced. Some of the younger commentors from other countries, too, stopped their comments. They are, however, active on FaceBook. People like Lalitha ji, memsaab ji, Pamir Harvey, Santosh oza, Shekhar Gupta etc. stopped commenting. One name remains with the Blog consistently from Day-1 till today (albeit now occasionally) and that is Raja Swaminathan ji – whether he is in India or in Holland.

I encountered some funny incidents involving comments on the Blog. I remember one. In those days, except the Admins perhaps, no one else knew who ” Peevesie’s Mom” was in reality.
I was also active on FaceBook. One day a lady visitor to my Fb page – Nalini Krishnan – asked me on Fb, ” are you the same Arunkumar Deshmukh, who comments on atulsongaday?”
She was shocked to read my reply, ” yes, Peevesie’s Mom ji”. Possibly shocked, she asked me how I knew her name. It was actually very easy. Before replying her, I visited her Fb page and I found that she is Vaidehi’s mother. After reading a few more posts , it was easy to make 2 + 2 !

Another incident was comments by one ” IDL Man”. From his comments, I knew he was from Australia. There was another reader called ” BOODHEMIYAN “. He was from Dubai. One day ‘ IDL Man’ posted the following comment, on 12-6-2011….

1 | I.D.L.Man
June 12, 2011 at 2:22 pm

0 0 Rate This
Atul Bhai,

WHY YOUR BLOG IS THE BEST IN THE WORLD

I am also a deewana of old film music like you all.Having lot of spare time now,I surf the Internet.I realised that there are many Indian and Foregn persons equally interested/obsessed with old film charms.Many of them run their own blogs on old films/music.I decided to find out and visit every blog on the Internet.
I visited exactly 102 such blogs run by Indian and foreigners.Surprisingly,foreigners were more consistent than Indians.
i found that almost 85 % blogs are left unattended,halfway or no posting for the last few years.One more interesting point is many ladies are also running such blogs,of course under Pseudonyms.They are more consistent than men and get a good following too !
After a lot of screening,I shortlisted 7 blogs: 4 in wordpress and 3 independents.Two blogs are run by ladies,one each Indian and foreigner.
Finally,I came to a conclusion that your blog ATULSONGADAY WORDPRESS.COM is THE BEST,because:

1)You are a very honest person ,without any airs, when you present songs
2)your deep love of music and hard work is consistent and it shows.
3)you are very systematic and you think of your readers while making songs available to them in an easy way.
4)your earnestness and humble knowledge(without a show off) is appreciated and liked by your readers(apparent from the responses)
5)you are not biased or partial in selecting or writing about songs
6)your goodwill has attracted like minded supporters who help you by providing information on films, songs, singers, composers etc. Notable among them, as I found in last 6 months are–
a) Mr.Sudhir Kapoor-writes very good and simple articles, full of information about songs and personalities.
b) Mr,Nahm-always provides you with correct lyrics, titbits and useful information, besides suggesting songs.
3) Mr. Arunkumar Deshmkuh-I have no words for him. He seems to know all the old movies, anecdotes and details. His information is unique(Not on net anywhere).May be, as he knows so many languages, he might be getting it from books/articles in various languages. He is a storehouse of information.
4)Mr. Prakash chandra- very good suggestions of songs
5)Lalitha ji / Raja ji – They are not only your admirers but also supporters. Raja ji’s support is important as he himself is a blogger plus many more things.

Note; The second place is shared by MEMSAABSTORY AND DUSTEDOFF.

Atul Bhai,
please accept my congratulations and good wishes for the future.

-I.D.L.Man

Atul ji, myself and Sudhir ji replied to him in normal way, but ‘Boodhemiyan” wrote thus….

5 | Boodhemiyan
June 14, 2011 at 5:47 pm

0 0 Rate This
IDL Man Bhai,

Wah, wah ! Kya baat hai !! Mashallah !!!

kya khoob kahi toone
hamare dil ki baat
Atul jaisa Sangeet Premi
sadaa rahe sab ke saath !

To which the ‘ IDL Man’ replied this way….

6 | IDL Man
June 15, 2011 at 7:41 pm

0 0 Rate This
Boodhemiyan Bhai,
Humne to bayan ki hai
jo haqeeqat hai,
hum kya karen
gar kisi ko gila hai

Gulab to Gulab hota hai
chahe use kuchch bhi kahe
hum subki duwayen hai
Blog-e-Atul salaamat rahe.

-IDL Man

In another an year or so, both these readers stopped commenting and disappeared for ever. I contacted the Grandson of actor/singer Parshuram, when he commented from New Zealand, on one of my posts. Similarly, actress Latika’s daughter from London commented and I got in touch with her.

There were days when lot of comments used to be made by the readers. In the last 2-3 years, the comments from the readers have dropped down considerably and noticeably. Difficult to know the reason.

However, since about a month or so I find that once again comments from new readers have increased Hope it keeps growing. Comments play an important role in a Blog. It gives readers’ reactions, additional information, encourages the authors of the post and generally works as a motivation.

Today’s song is sung by Kaushalya. Kaushalya was born at Lucknow in 1929. She was the daughter of the famous dancer Lachhoo Maharaj and actress Daya Devi. Being brought up in the house of dancer and actor, Kaushalya picked up Dance, Music and acting very early. She appeared as a child artiste in films from 1936, when she was just 7 year old. She worked in 11 films as a child artiste. After film Devbala-38, she did roles in Bhole bhale and Uski Tamanna-both in 1939, made by Sagar Movietone. She even sang in both films.

Then came films like Darshan and Ghar ki laaj, both 1941, and Baraat, Bharat milap, Station master and Swapna, all 42. The work poured on her till 1946, when she got married to a boy from Calcutta, when she had gone there for doing films. After marriage she found it difficult to work in films, but continued for some more films, till her last film Ek Do Teen-1953.

In all Kaushalya acted in 27 films and sang more than 100 songs in about 35 films, in her short career time. As a Heroine she had worked with Prithviraj Kapoor, Ulhas, Kumar, Ishwarlal etc.

With this song, film Maaf Kijiyega -1946 makes its Debut on this Blog.


Song- Joban roop bahaar Rasiya Kar lo chup ke pyaar (Maaf Keejiyegaa)(1946) Singer- Kaushalya, Lyricist-Mustapha Usman, MD- K Narayan Rao

Lyrics

Joban roop bahaar
Rasiya Kar lo chup ke pyaar
Rasiya Kar lo chup ke pyaar

din nahin ye phir se aaye
ankhiyaan hon jab chaar
Rasiya kar lo
haan kar lo
haan kar lo
chup ke pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar
rasiya karlo chupke pyaar
pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar

preet jawaani hai matwaali
matwaali ho
matwaali ho
preet jawaani hai matwaali
chhalak rahi joban ki pyaali
deewaanon ki mehfil mein hai joban ki pukaar
ankhiyaan hon jab chaar
kar lo chupke pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar
rasiya karlo chupke pyaar
pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar

duniya hai dilwaalon ki
ye mehfil hai matwaalon ki
dil ka sauda kar ke jaaye
ankhiyan ke do dwaar
ankhiyaan hon jab chaar
kar lo chupke pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar
rasiya karlo chupke pyaar
pyaar
chupke chupke pyaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4737 Post No. : 16459 Movie Count :

4471

Today’s song is from an unknown film-Lottery-1949. The title of the film is very apt to remind us how success in the film line is often nothing but winning a lottery in your name ! What led to the success of a film was one thing that no one could fathom so far. In my opinion excellent acting, solid story, superb music and a balanced combination of comedy and other emotions are generally behind the success of a film. When one analyses hit films, then at least 2 or 3 factors as I mentioned earlier would be found in them.

1949 was the best year in the Golden Era of HFM. There were so many films offering evergreen, out of this world songs, that the audience did not know which film to see and which song to listen to. The sale of records set new records in 1949. 157 films were made in 1949. Barring the figure of 181 films in 1947 ( we know the reasons), 1949 produced the maximum films from 1931 to 1984 – a period of 50++ years. What’s more, almost every alternate film gave superb songs. Nearly every Music Director of Hindi films was present in 1949, with his films.

This was also a transition period, when older composers were giving way to newer ones. Additionally, the competition between Naushad and C Ramchandra for the Number One position was at its peak. Though C Ramchandra is my favourite composer, it was Naushad all the way during the period from 1947 to 1949, and he was was the undisputed Numero Uno as far as quality and number of hit films were concerned.

In this period Naushad’s strike rate of Hit films was more than that of C Ramchandra. Naushad had 8 Hits from his 9 films in the period 1947 to 1949. For the same period, C Ramchandra had only 4 Hits in his 18 films.

The year 1949 had absolute heavenly showers of Musical Films. Some of such films were Andaz, Badi Behan, Barsaat, Bazaar, Dulari, Jeet, Apna Desh, Chandni Raat, Chaar Din, Sunehre Din, Shayar, Dillagi, Ek thi ladki, Kaneez, Laadli, Lahore, Mahal, Namoona, Patanga etc etc. The year 1949 also witnessed the introduction of A and U Censor certificates, the establishment of Films Division, the start of Navketan productions of Anand brothers and few other landmarks in the Hindi film industry.

The Film Lottery-49 had none of these factors. I do not know the film’s story. The film was made in Calcutta by Bengal National studios, owned by S.D.Narang- the producer. The Director was one G. Singh who had earlier directed one more film – Barsat ki ek raat-1948. Similarly the Music Director- Harbaksh Singh had only 3 films to his credit. Film Ek Aurat-48, Lottery-49 and Nai Bhabhi-50. All films were made in Calcutta only and by S.D.Narang’s banner. After Narang shifted his base to Bombay, possibly, his team was left behind only.

The cast of the film was Kaushalya, Sunder, Ameena khatun, K.Nanda, Cuckoo etc. There were two lyricists – B.M.Sharma (6 songs) and Charandas (3 songs). Not many of the younger generation readers would know that the comedian Sunder, who they saw in several films of 50 to 70 period, was in fact a Hero and a singer in his hey days !

For a long time,I was searching for information on comedian Sunder. I got hold of a 2 page detailed article on Sunder, but it was in Punjabi- which I could not read or use. I found a small paragraph on Sunder in Sanjit Narvekar ji’s book ” Eena Meena Deeka”. Lastly, I requested Harish Raghuwanshi ji for help. Despite his failing health, he promptly sent me articles in Hindi, English and Gujarati, on Sunder. He is such a helpful person. May God give him a healthy life.

Sunder Singh aka Sunder was born in Sialkot, Punjab on 10th August 1916. His father was working in Madon Theatres, Calcutta. Sunder also started working there. Initially, for a long period,he did Girl’s roles. Once his work was seen by H.S.Rawail (Director in later life). He was quite impressed. Later Rawail started working with R.N.Vaidya as his assistant in direction.Meanwhile Sunder started working in Talkie films. His first film,where he was credited, was ” Na honewali baat”-38. Before that, Rawail and Vaidya were preparing to make the film Banke Sipahi-37.Rawail recommended Sunder and Vaidya gave him an uncredited small role in that film.

Sunder and Rawail became good friends and started staying in one flat in Calcutta. After a few films here, they both went to Lahore and Sunder got the Hero’s role in the film ” Shukriya”-44. There were 4 Heroines in the film- Ramola, Rooplekha, Manorama and Raksha. Sunder’s role in this film was that of a young man from a village and Ramola was from a City. Sunder’s one song from this film-‘ Nayanon ke teer chala gayee ek shehar ki laundiya’ became very popular all over India, However the song was banned in Punjab due to its lyrics. After this they both came back to Calcutta.

His next film was Albeli-45, in which too there were 4 Heroines- Ramola, Rooplekha, Manorama and Usha. In the 40’s , Sunder acted in many films like Arabian Nights, Baap, Shabri, Chandrashekhar, Ek aurat, Grihalaxmi, Lottery, Samapti, Jhoothi kasme, Savyasachi, Do baaten, Shadi ke baad, Bawra, Khiladi, Nai Bhabhi etc. In Calcutta, Sunder got married to a girl from his community. Rawail left for Bombay. After a few months, Sunder also returned to Bombay.

Rawail was very happy to get him back and gave him roles in almost all of his films. Not only Rawail, but also J.Om Prakash, Mohan Kumar, Lekhraj Bhakri, Manoj kumar etc gave him roles in all their films and he became a busy actor. He was at one time, in great demand. He was quite popular due to his nature. In the decade of 50’s he did 88 films, which increased in the 60s and 70s. In the 80s however films came haltingly.

From singing Hero, he became a Junior artiste( extra), in presence of the new crop of actors. The role of comedians was on decline, as Heroes like Amitabh and others did comedy scenes themselves. His health started troubling him. His last film was probably Bahurani-89. He became ill for a long time and finally died on 5-3-1992. Sunder acted in 436 films. He was a good singer and sang his own songs in early cinemas. In all, Sunder sang 40 songs in 25 films. ( Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji for material for adaptation.)

The Heroine of the film – Kaushalya too is not very well known. She was born at Lucknow in 1929. She was the daughter of the famous dancer Lachhoo Maharaj and actress Daya Devi. Being brought up in the house of dancer and actor, Kaushalya picked up Dance, Music and acting very early. She appeared as a child artiste in films from 1936, when she was just 7 year old. She worked in 11 films as a child artiste. After film Devbala-38, she did roles in Bhole bhale and Uski Tamanna-both in 1939, made by Sagar Movietone. She even sang in both films.

Then came films like Darshan and Ghar ki laaj, both 1941, and Baraat, Bharat milap, Station master and Swapna, all 42. The work poured on her till 1946, when she got married to a boy from Calcutta, when she had gone there for doing films. After marriage she found it difficult to work in films, but continued for some more films, till her last film Ek Do Teen-1953.

In all Kaushalya acted in 27 films and sang more than 100 songs in about 35 films, in her short career time. As a Heroine she had worked with Prithviraj Kapoor, Ulhas, Kumar, Ishwarlal etc.

Today’s song is sung by Kaushalya and Jagmohan Sursagar. With this song film Lottery-49 makes its Debut in this Blog. This rare song was provided by Abhay Jain ji (USA) and was uploaded kindly for me, by our own Sadanand Kamath ji. I thank both.


Song- Morey dil ki nagariya mein aaya hai chor raaja (Lottery)(1949) Singers- Kaushalya, Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyricist- Charandas, MD- Harbaksh Singh
Both

Lyrics

Morey dil ki nagariya mein aaya hai chor raaja
jaldi policewaa bulaaye le
ho raaja
jaldi policewaa bulaaye le
gori mukhda dikhaao
aji ghoonghat hataao zara
nainon se naina milaay le
ho gori
nainon se naina milaay le

mori dhhadke hai chhatiyaa
aur phhadke hai ankhiyaa
o jee choli mein jiyara
dhhak dhhak hoye hai
mori dhhadke hai chhatiyaa
aur phhadke hai ankhiyaa
o jee choli mein jiyara
dhhak dhhak hoye hai
o tohe Bambai le jaaun
bori bandar dikhaaun
jahaan raat din engine ki chhat chhat hoye hai
jahaan raat din engine ki chhat chhat hoye hai

mori bainyya na pakad
mohe jaana apne ghar
kaise boloon main
laaj mohe aaye hai
haaye Raam
nainon se naina milaay le
more dil ki nagariya mein aaya hai chor raaja
jaldi policewaa bulaaye le
ho gori
nainon se naina milaay le
ho o
ho o
nadiya kinaare gori
mori atariyaa
bhari(?) pahariya mein aana na bhoolnaa

ho o
ho o
aaungi raaja
na bhoolooongi vaada(?)
aasha ki dori se jhooloongi jhoolna
aana chupke se raani
more dil ki kahaani
koi aake na dil ko churaay le

o raaja
jaldi policewaa bulaaye le
more dil ki
nagariya mein aaya hai

chor raaja
jaldi policewaa bulaaye le
ho gori
nainon se naina milaay le


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4730 Post No. : 16449 Movie Count :

4466

In the early era of Talkie films, few film studios were famous and well established. Most of these were into making Silent films also. Studios like Prabhat, Imperial, Maadan, Sagar, Bharat, Ranjit, Krishna Tone, Saroj, Saraswati, Kamala Movietone and Ploayart Phototone (of Kardar) from Lahore were active in making Talkie films in the first few years. Studios like Elephanta Movietone- Punjab, Oriental pictures-Lahore, Sharda Movietone-Bombay, Eastern Films Ltd.- Hyderabad, Pioneer Films- Calcutta Ajanta Cinetone (Bhavnani) etc. jumped into the fray 2-3 years later and made Talkie films.

Over a period, studios having a strong and solid financial base and own studios sustained for longer periods and the smaller, occasional filmmakers disappeared. As the time went by, some more powerful and healthy film studios like Minerva(Sohrab Modi) and Bombay Talkies (Himanshu Rai and Devika Rani)entered the filmmaking and gave memorable quality films. After few years, ambitious and capable young people working in these studios separated and established their own studios like Mehboob Studios, Kardar Studios, Raj kamal Kala Mandir etc.

This went on expanding till the studio system crumbled in or around late 40’s and 50’s and Freelancing started. This escalated the cost of making films. Films which were made in 40-50 thousands in early 40’s, went up in Lakhs by late 50’s and then on in crores. Now a popular and successful Hero takes his fees in Crores. The cost of higher class cinema theatres’ tickets rose from 1 rupee to 400 rupees for reclining seats and a Blanket if you want to sleep there ! Only one thing remains same from early cinema theatres to today’s luxurious Multiplex theatres and that is BED BUGS !! They are still available free with every ticket !!!

Today’s song is from film Kokila-1937, made by Sagar Movietone. It will not be an exaggeration to say that the First Decade of Talkie films, i.e. 1931 to 1940 belonged to Sagar Movietone. They made 51 Hindi films in this period and many of these films became Hits and Popular . Films like –

1932 Zarina, Maya Bazar and Meerabai
1933 Mahabharat and Premi Paagal
1934 Grihalaxmi and Shehar ka Jaadu
1935 Dr. Madhurika, Al Hilaal, Vengeance is mine
1936 Man Mohan, Do Deewane and Village Girl
1937 Jagirdar, Kokila and Mahageet( playback started in Bombay from this film)
1938 Dynamite, Gramophone Singer, Hum Tum aur Woh ( first film with 3 Heroes) and 300 days and after
1939 Ek hi Rasta, Ladies Only and Service Ltd.
1940 Alibaba, Civil Marriage and Kumkum

These films were Hits or Popular.

Sagar also gave opportunities to youngsters to become big names later in life. Some examples are-

Actors Motilal, Surendra, Sheikh Mukhtar, Yaqub, Kumar, Sankata Prasad
Director Mehboob, Sarvottam Badami,Ramchandra Thakur, C M Luhar, Nanubhai Vakil, Ezra Mir and Kanjibhai Rathod (First Dalit director to get a chance)
MDs Anil Biswas, Pransukh Nayak, S P Rane, Anupam Ghatak
Actresses Bibbo, Sabita Devi, Maya Banerjee, Sitara Devi and Shobhana Samarth ( after her first film ‘ Nigahe Nafrat’-1935, she got a boost with 2 films here)

Surendra and Motilal were initiated in films by Sagar. The pair of Motilal and Sabita Devi was so popular that they paired in 8 successful films. It was also in Sagar that Mehboob, Anil Biswas and Faredoon Irani became thick friends.( it is another matter that AB and Mehboob split in 1940, never to come together again). They made 6 films together in Sagar.
Thus the contribution of Sagar Movietone in giving successful stars in all fields was ,if not better, but at least equal to Prabhat, Ranjit, Bombay Talkies and New Theatres.

Film Kokila -37 was directed by Sarvottam Badami and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast included the popular pair of Motilal and Sabita Devi as well as Shobhana Samarth, Siddiqui, Maya Banerji, Sitara, Sankata prasad etc. This film was based on the popular noel of the same name, by R.V.Desai (20-5-1892 to 20-9-19540 a leading Gujarati novelist. Another film on his other novel Purnima was made by Prakash Pictures in 1938. The dialogues and songs were written by Siddiqui – who had also acted in this film. He was earlier in New Theatres having acted in films like Pooran Bhagat-32, Rajrani Meera-33 and Chandidas-34. The screenplay was by R.R. Gharekhan, who later changed his name to ‘ Gautam’. As per review of Baburao Patel in his magazine Film India, the film was not very good. however it did good business.

Today’s song is sung by Dattaram kadam- a name I heard first and last time here. Even in Marathi films, he is not mentioned anywhere. The song is good and the singer seems to be an expert. Maybe he was an actor singer on Marathi stage dramas. Anil Biswas was typically very fond of Chorus songs. Almost all of his films will have 1 or 2 Chorus songs. In this film also there are 2 Chorus songs. This film was released on 30-10-1937 in Roxy theatre, Bombay. With this song film Kokila-1937 makes its Debut on this Blog.

( information from the book ” Sagar Movietone” by Biren Kothari ji, ” तीन भिंतींची दुनिया ” by Bhai Bhagat, HFGK and my notes is used for this write up, with thanks.)


Song-Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu apni duniya paida kar (Kokila)(1937) Singer- Dattaram Kadam, Lyricist- Siddiqi, MD- Anil Biswas

Lyrics

Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar

jeewan apna apne saare
jeewan apna apne saare
apna ho ??
jeewan apna apne saare
apna ho ??
apna mandir apna devta
apni pooja paida kar
apna mandir apna devta
apni pooja paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
aashaaon ki naao mein baithh ke
naya kinaara paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar
Auron ka jag kya hai saadhu
apni duniya paida kar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4717 Post No. : 16425 Movie Count :

4462

Today’s song is from a film called Daughters of India-1939. The film was made by Super Pictures, Bombay. It was directed by V M Vyas and the Music Director was Pt. Ram Gopal Pandey. Twelve songs of this film were written by Munshi A. Shah ‘Aziz’. The cast of the film was Khursheed, Ashiq Hussain,Radha Devi, Vimla Devi, Shah Ali, Leela etc.etc.

Film’s Hero Ashiq Hussain hailed from U.P. He was a Handsome person. He could act and also sing reasonably well. He was selected by Jaddanbai as a side Hero in her first film “Talash E Haq”-1935, wherein, her own daughter Nargis also made a Debut as a Child Artiste with the name Baby Rani. Jaddanbai was in the female lead opposite Yaqub, who also hailed from a Tawayef family. Ashiq hussain acted in all the 5 films made by jaddanbai, namely Madame fashion-36, Hriday manthan-36, Moti ka Haar and Jeevan Swapna-37- all directed by her. Ashiq hussain acted in 25 films. His last film was ‘ Utho Jaago”-1947, in which he was cast opposite actress Shahzadi. She was also the producer of the film. After the film was released, Ashiq Hussain married Shahzadi and they both migrated to Pakistan.

I do not know what was the story of the film Daughters of india-39. I had seen an advertisement of this film in Film India magazine, wherein they said ” after Mother India-38, another social film “. However I found that both films were made by different banners and different Directors too. The Music Director was the same.

I have heard 3 songs from the film Daughters of india-39 and frankly I was disillusioned. The songs are so drab and have almost the same style and same tune-with slight variation. I also happened to listen to some songs from other films of Ram Gopal pandey, like Kisan kanya-37 and mother india. They are so unmusical. No wonder Ram Gopal got only C grade action and stunt films.

Music Director Ram Gopal Pande was variously credited as R G Pande, Ram Gopal, Ram Gopal Pandey etc. He hailed from U.P. After trying to become a singer unsuccessfully, he became assistant to many well known composers and learned the methods.

His first break came in 1936 with ‘ Matwali Jogan’ aka A girl from Lahore. Then he was called by the Imperial film company for its first colour film Kisan Kanya-37. Master Nisar and Padma Devi’s songs became popular, so he was given two more films- Mere Laal-37 and Vasant Bangalee-38.

Then came Mother india-38, Actress kyon bani-39, Flying Rani-39, Perfect man-38, Daughters of India-39 and Chalti Duniya-40. He was then connected with Mohan Pictures. He did other movies like Tatar ka chor-40, Deepak Mahal-40, Captain Kishore-40, Jadui Bandhan-41, Shahzadi-41, Bulbul E Baghdad-41, Bandukwali-44, Hoor E Jungle-46, Baghdad ka Chor-46, Arab ka chand-46, Ali Baba-46.

His last film seems to be Angoorbala-47. He was left behind as his music was stage and drama type only. He did not change the style either. In all he gave music to 22 films and composed 203 songs. None of his songs are remembered today. No other information is available on him.

Even the director of this film was V M Vyas who specialised in films of low budgets and C grade films generally. Vishnukumar Maganlal Vyas was born on 4-11-1905 in Ahmedabad. He started his career in 1927 as a Cinematographer. His company, Sunrise films, was started in 1941. He produced and directed 30 Hindi ( 3 Silent and 27 Talkie films) and many Gujarati films . He died on 24-1-1962 at Bombay. Vyas was a very hardworking person and a man of ‘ never say die ‘ spirit. He was disciplined and did not tolerate any nonsense. He was also known as a very miser. Being a Vaishnav, his stars would get only vegetarian food during shootings. If they wanted Non Veg food, they had to pay for it.

His first Talkie film was Saubhagya Lakshmi-34 and the last was Naag Devta-81.

Famous writer Manto has described in his book an incident about Noorjehan and V.M.Vyas.

At the time of film Naukar-43, the pair of Shaukat Hussain and Nur jehan troubled Vyas to no end. Not attending the shoots on time, asking for extra money on some pretext or the other and in general giving trouble and mental torture to Vyas were common. Not only this, additionally Nur jehan and Shaukat used to take interesting property materials from the sets to their house-like furniture, decorative vase, cupboards etc. Vyas kept quiet till the film was complete.

Once the film was completed and released, he registered an F.I.R against both of them for stealing studio equipment. To utter dishonour of Noor jehan, a police raid was made on her residence and all the furniture, tables, decorative pieces etc. , which she had taken from the sets were confiscated and the court fined her also.

Thus Vyas did not keep quiet when it was his turn and taught a lesson to Noor jehan and Shaukat Hussain, for troubling him.

After listening to songs of early era films made in Bombay, no wonder the film songs from Calcutta films became more popular. It must have been a breath of fresh air to the audience.

This song was given to me by Shri Abhay Jain jee (US) and it was uploaded by Sadanand Kamath jee for me. I thank both.
With this song, the film Daughters of India-39 makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Tum ho sajni meri tamanna(Daughters of India)(1939) Singers- Ashiq Hussain, Khursheed Bano, Lyricist-Munshi A Shah ‘ Aziz’, MD- Pandit Ram Gopal Pandey
Both

Lyrics

Tum ho o sajni meri tamanna
sajni ee meri tamanna
tum ho saajan mera sahaara
tum ho saajan mera sahaara

aao nayi ek duniya basaa kar
aao nayi ek duniya basaa kar
us mein prem ka baag lagaayen
hum roothhen aen
tum hamko manaao

tum roothho ham tumko manaayen
tum roothho ham tumko manaayen

jahaan sadiyaan haan jahaan sadiyaan
jahaan sadiyaan
jahaan sadiyaan khil khil jaati hon
jahaan prem ki neenden aati hon
haan

jahaan koyal boley koo koo koo
jahaan ?? boley choon choon choon
prem badariya chhaayi ho sajni ee
barse amrit dhaara aa aa
prem badariya chhaayi ho sajni ee
barse amrit dhaara aa
tum ho
tum ho
tum ho o o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4706 Post No. : 16410

After about 8 transfers in different states on promotions, I was promoted further and brought to our Head office in Bombay ( it had yet to become Mumbai). I settled down here for good. The year was 1983. While going to the office everyday, I used to see a beautiful Housing society at the corner of Versova Road and Juhu Road junction. The society’s name was ” Karachi Residents’ society-No.4″. I was very curious about this name. On one Sunday, while returning from a friend’s house, I stopped my car near this society, I saw a middle-aged person coming out of the gate. I stopped him and enquired. From what he told me, I gathered that this was a society of those people who lived in Karachi, before the Partition. He further enlightened me that there were 5 such societies in Bombay and there was also a “Lahore Residents’ Society ” which too had 5 numbers. People who fled from Karachi and Lahore at the time of Partition still loved their original abode !

Later I read somewhere that there was a Bombay Residents’ Society in Karachi also ! So the attachments were on both sides !! Partition not only divided the Country in 1947 but also affected the Film industry badly on both sides. Few days ago I was reading a book “Mourning the Nation – Indian cinema in the wake of Partition” written by Bhaskar Sarkar. Then I remembered those societies. Today, those society buildings have been pulled down and new buildings have come up, with different new names. However, a closer look shows older names mentioned in small letters in brackets on the new name boards.

According to the book, Indian film industry lost some Gems, but Pakistan was not in a position to do justice to these Gems, as their film industry was in doldrums. Everything had to be started all over again. Till that time the artistes had to wait. Problem in India was the void created by the exit of artistes, but this was easily done by a strong reserve available, waiting in the wings for opportunities. This was the second line. The problem in Pakistan was having to establish the infrastructure itself plus financers for the film production, since the economy was yet to develop.

In undivided India, Lahore (then in the Punjab) was important as a showbiz centre. It was an established film-making centre. The first Talkie film ever to be made in a Lahore studio was Heer Ranjha-1932 and thereafter many Urdu and Punjabi films were produced from Lahore every year. The partition of India into two independent states – India and Pakistan, caused irreparable damage to film production in Lahore. Most of Lahore’s film producers were Hindus and as the city fell on the side of the Islamic state of Pakistan, they migrated to India. This deprived Lollywood, as Lahore is referred to in film circles, of much needed investment and expertise in film production and distribution. Many talented actors and musicians from Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there.

The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from Lahore, Calcutta and other places too.

The list of such people is very long, but it will suffice to mention some well known names-
Noorjehan, Pran, Saigal, Prithwiraj Kapoor, Shyam, Dilip Kumar, Surinder, Karan Dewan, Dev Anand, Balraj Sahni, Singer Khursheed, Mumtaz Shanti, Veena, Begum Para, Meena Shorey, Suraiya, Manorama, Kamini Kaushal, Shyama(Khursheed Akhtar), A R Kardar, M Sadiq, Suresh(Nazim Ahmed), Amar, Chetan Anand, Zande Khan, Ghulam Hyder, Pt.Amarnath and his brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram, Hansraj Behl, S.Mohinder, Firoz Nizami, Khursheed Anwar, Khayyam, Vinod, Shyamsunder, Kidar Sharma, Krishna Chander, O P Dutta, Saadat Hasan Manto, Qamar Jalalabadi, D N Madhok, Tanvir Naqvi, Prem Dhawan etc etc. Many of the actors and producers used to shuttle between Lahore and Bombay for their work.

And when the PARTITION took place in 1947, in the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Some Hindus shifted to Bombay and Some Muslims left for Lahore.

At the actual time of Partition some Indian artists were in Lahore for film work. They were B R Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, I S Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, O P Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur Manorama and Pushpa Huns. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay Safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor-Comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow entered the Train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travellers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artists from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely. some of the Directors who migrated to Pakistan were-

Syed Shaukat Hussain Rizvi, S M Yousuf, Najam Naqvi, Munshi Dil, Nakshab Jarachavi, M Sadiq, Zia Sarhadi, Sibtain Fazli(of Fazli Brothers), S T Zaidi , Zahoor Raja, Wali saheb, A R Kardar,Nazir,W Z Ahmed,Masood Pervez, Shareef Nayyar,Luqmaan, Dawood Chaand, Rakhan, Nusrat Mansoori, M H Qasim, Roop K Shorey, Butt Kasher, Barkat Mehra and Manto.

Some of the Actors/actresses were- Nazeer, Sadiq Ali, Masood, Sudhir, Santosh, Ratan Kumar, Najmul Hussain, Suresh and Nasir khan(both came back to India later), Sh.Mukhtar, M.Ismail, Ajmal, Gulam Mohd, Kumar, Ghori, Majeed, Shahnawaz, Himalayawala, Shyam Kumar, Allauddin, Shah Shikarpuri, Charlie, Nazar Faizi Noorjehan, Meena Shorey, Khursheed, Zeenat Begum, Asha Posley, Najma, Kalawati, Rehana, Swarnalata, Ragini, Bibbo, Renuka Devi, Geeta Nizami, Maya Devi etc.

Some from the music field were- Khursheed Anwar, Inayat Hussain, Rafiq gaznavi, G A Chisti, Ghulam Hyder, Firoz Nizami, Nissar Bazmi, Nashaad, Tufail Faruqi, Tanvir Naqvi, Faiyaz Hasmi, Iqbal Bano, Premlata,Khursheed,Zeenat Begum,Shevan Rizvi,Rasheed Atre,Fateh Ali khan,Babul etc.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and given the condition of the Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and
2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were- Noor jahan, Khursheed Anwar, G A Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarachavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb,Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalayawala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

The unfortunate ones were-some of them- Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Shaikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya devi, Gulam Hyder, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

(Notes- 1.All lists are only indicative and not exhaustive
2.Migrants means between 1947 to 1970 period.)

About two years ago, there was a fruitful discussion on my Facebook page about Partition effects on Film industry in India and Pakistan. Many senior experts (from US and UK too !) participated and some more new information came out of this discussion…..

The rioting of 1947 set in motion irreversible, irrevocable migration. B R. Chopra and I S Johar were planning films in a big way in Lahore but had to run for their lives. Ramanand Sagar left in July, as did Gulshan Rai. Character actor Om Prakash (of Fateh Din fame, an all-time favourite skit relayed for years by Radio Lahore), comedian-bad man Jeevan and many others also left Lahore for Bombay. O P Nayyar recorded his immortal song Priyatam Aan Milo/ Dukhia Jiya Bullai, Aan Milo at the His Master’s Voice studio in Lahore. He left Lahore only in 1948 when it became clear that people with the wrong religion were not going to return to their homes on either side of the Punjab. Writer Rajinder Singh Bedi escaped, sitting on top of a railway carriage carrying loads of Hindus and Sikhs out of Lahore. Song-writer Naqsh Lyallpuri began his literary career in Lahore as a journalist but had to leave in 1947. Punjabi singers Surinder Kaur and Prakash Kaur, and Pushpa Hans also left Lahore.

Migration in the other direction also took place. Nazir and his wife Swarnlata, Noorjahan and her husband Shaukat Husain Rizvi, character actor Alauddin and many others headed for Lahore. Manto came in January 1948, music directors Ghulam Haider and Khurshid Anwar followed some years later and director M. Sadiq probably in 1969 or 1970. Meena Shorey, Khurshid and Mumtaz Shanti also immigrated to Lahore. Some Pakistani actors in Lahore continued to use Hindu filmic names. Santosh Kumar (Musa Raza) and Sudhir (Shah Zaman), the two most famous heroes of the 1950s and 60s followed such practice. On both sides, initially considerable goodwill existed between the two film communities.

Some families were divided. Thus for example, while Nazir Ahmed khan shifted to Lahore, his nephew K. Asif stayed on in Bombay. Kardar stayed on but his brother Nusrat Kardar and son Rauf Kardar returned to Lahore. While Suraiya, her mother and grandmother settled in Bombay, many of her other relatives shifted to Lahore. Rafi stayed on to reign supreme in Bombay while his parents and siblings were in Lahore.

There were some cross-religion marriages that created peculiar challenges. Raj Kapoor’s maama (maternal uncle) Mr Mehra married a Muslim actress Anwari, converted to Islam and stayed in Lahore. A unique case of reverse migration took place as well: poet Sahir Ludhianvi (Abdul Hai) left Lahore for India.

Luckily,except for few like Noorjehan, Khursheed Anwar and some others, the well established Muslim artistes like Rafi, Talat, Shamshad, Naushad and hundreds of others chose to remain in India. They prospered here and became popular in Pakistan as well.

After partition,this turmoil subsided after a short period in India and it was business as usual here, while in Lahore, Pakistan had to build up from scratch, but the Film Industry there too stabilised in a few years’ time. The base of Film industry in Pakistan was built by people who migrated from India. Migration from India to Pakistan continued till about 1970 for the pre-partition artistes. In fact till about 1965 there was an exchange of artistes from both sides to work in other countries, but after the 65 war, this working stopped almost completely.

Music Directors who left India after Partition had done a very good job here. Composers like Nissar Bazmi and Feroz Nizami became exceptionally successful in Pakistan, but Nashad, Rafiq Ghaznavi and others were not successful to that extent. Khursheed Anwar, a very highly respected composer here remained a father figure even in Pakistan.

Partition did a lot of damage to both countries and the film industry. With so many artistes leaving at a time surely affected the filmdom, but it also opened up new avenues for new singers and new blood composers.

Despite all this in the Partition year – 1947 saw making of a Record number of films in India – 181 (this record remained till 1985). Of course most films were made in a hurry to complete before the deadline of August-1947. Still, even in these circumstances also some very good, meaningful, milestone and musical films were made in 1947, like… Aaj aur Kal (the first Sci Fi film), Bhakta Dhruv, Dard, Do Bhai, Elan, Jugnu, Leela, Meera, Meerabai, Mirza Sahiban, Natak, Parwana, Shehnai, Sindoor etc.etc.

Today’s song is from one of the unknown films of 1947 – Bela. The only noteworthy point about this film was, it was the first ever film of Zohrabai, where she sang all the 10 songs of the film. The other film surpassing this record was film Meerabai – 47, where Sitara Kanpuri sang all the 13 songs of the film. However even this record was broken in 1947 itself when M. S. Subbulakshmi sang all 17 songs of her film Meera-1947. As far as I remember this record is yet unbeaten.

Bela-47 was made by Ranjit Cinetone. It was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi and the MD was Bulo C Rani. The film had 10 songs. 9 songs are already discussed. Today’s song is the last 10th song and the film says YIPPEE. I was given this song by Abhay Jain ji of US, but it was a slightly short one. Sadanand Kamath ji found another version song which was longer and uploaded it for me. I thank both of them.


Song- Peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re (Bela)(1947) Singers- A R Oza, Zohrabai Ambalewaali, Lyricist- D N Madhok, MD- Bulo C Rani

Lyrics

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

torey nainon mein chhoti si duniya basaayi hai
gham e aasha umang sang naachne ko aayi hai
torey nainon mein chhoti si duniya basaayi hai
gham e aasha umang sang naachne ko aayi hai
meri umang meri chhoti si gori re
mera sahaara mera baalmaa ho
meri umang meri chhoti si gori re
mera sahaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

pyaar ke phool mein balma kaante lage hain
lag na jaaye
pyaar ke phool mein balma kaante lage hain
lag na jaaye
dekho ulfat ke pehloo mein furkat chhupi hai
wo din na aayen
dekho ulfat ke pehloo mein furkat chhupi hai
wo din na aayen
kehti rahoon
kit dhoondhoon kit jaaun re
kehti rahoon
kit dhoondhoon kit jaaun re
mera to haal mere baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho

peepal ke patve se chikni meri gori re
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho
chanda se pyaara mera baalmaa ho


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 16600 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1291
Total Number of movies covered=4543

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