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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Rare song’ Category


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3832 Post No. : 14840

Whenever new technoloy is introduced, people feel threatened. But with time, this new technology not only makes life easy and more enriched, it opens up new employment opportunities.

Take movies for example. Initial movies were silent movies. They required technicians as well as actors.

Movies began to speak from 1927, and in India talkies began in 1931. It suddenly opened up new opportunities. Actors who were ony needed to show their face till then, were now required to speak, and sing as well. Suddenly many good looking actors with poor voices found themselves unemploed.

Movies began to speak, which meant they could speak in various languages and so different language movie industries came up. Language related artists, namely dialogue writers, and lyricists became essential for these movies. Since need of songs was felt so music directors and singers were needed.

As one can see, the “simple” advancement in technology opened up new opportunities and that changed the face of movies. Personnel skilled in languages suddenyly found themselves in demand.

Since Hindi movies came into existence in early 1930s, it followed that most artists of talkies were born in and around early 1900s. So, these early pioneers of Hindi movies were born some one hundred years ago. Many of such early pioneers have already completed their birth centenaries.

This blog began on 19 july 2008. Some Hindi movie stalwards who have completed their centuries after than date are Leela Chitnis, K N Singh, K Amarnath, Gope, Kidar Sharma, Jagmohan Sursagar, Gopal Singh Nepali, Khursheed Bano, Bhagwan Dada, Jaan Nisaar Akhtar, Anil Biswas, Lalita Pawar, G P Sippy, Zohrabai Ambalewali, S D Batish, Kishore Sahu, Hansraj Bahl, Bharat Vyas, Shakeel Badayuni, Chitragupta, Kamal Amrohi, Qamar Jalalabadi, Roshan, C Ramchandra etc.

Lots of artists will have their centenaries in the coming years.

The year 2019 has just begun. Birth centenaries of several artists will fall this year.

Today is 14 january 2019. It is the birth centenary of Kaifi Azmi (14 january 1919- 10 may 2002), who was born on this day exactly one hundred years ago. He was born in Azamgarh in Eastern UP which happens to be about 180 km away from the place where I am based at present.

In the past, when I was based in states like MP, Maharashtra and Chhatisgarh, such birth centenary artists appeared to be born “distant” lands, but ever since I arrived in UP in 2015, I find that many of these famous artists, mostly lyricists, were born in nearly places. For instance, Shakeel Badayuni’s birth centenary fell on 2016, and this place Badayun was about 40 km from Izatnagar, Bareilly where I was based at that time. Azamgarh is 180 km away from Gorakhpur. This year will see the birth centenary of Majrooh Sultanpuri, and guess what , Sultanpur is also nearly, some 200 km away. 🙂

Coming to Kaifi Azmi, he was born as Sayyad Akhtar Hussain Rizvi. Like many other persons of literature, he was influenced by communism and Marxism and his literature reflected that. He became a CPI member in 1943 and a member of Progressive Writers movement in 1945.

He was one of the first shaayars to join Hindi movies as a lyricist. His first movie as a lyricist was “Buzdil”(1951) where S D Burman was the music director. He penned three songs in the movie. All these three songs are already covered in the blog.

According to my calculation, Kaifi Azmi penned some 360 songs in 93 movies. His last movie was “Ek Alag Mausam”(2003) whose songs were released after he had already left for the heavenly abode.

Here is the filmography of Kaifi Azmi.

Movie Year MD Songs of lyricist in the blog Song penned by lyricist in movie
Buzdil 1951 S D Burman 3 3
Bahu Beti 1952 S D Batish 1 7
Gul Bahaar 1954 Dhaniram 0 1
Hatim Tai Ki Beti 1955 A R Qureshi 1 2
Naata 1955 S Mohinder 1 1
Sakhi Hatim 1955 A R Qureshi 1 5
Shaahi Chor 1955 Dhaniram 1 1
Laal e Yaman 1956 A R Qureshi 1 6
Sultaana Daaku 1956 Bipin Baabul 0 2
Yahudi Ki Beti 1956 Kamal Mitra 1 7
Zindagi 1956 Md Shafi 1 7
Jannat 1957 Husnlal Bhagatram 0 6
Lala Rukh 1958 Khayyam 7 7
Chaalis Din 1959 Baabul 5 8
Kaaghaz Ke Phool 1959 S D Burman 6 6
Apna Haath Jaggannath 1960 S D Burman 8 8
Chor Darwaaza 1960 Frank 1 6
Ek Ke Baad Ek 1960 S D Burman 8 8
Razia Sultaana 1961 Pt Lachchiram 1 2
Shama 1961 Ghulam Mohammad 12 12
Bijli Chamke Jamuna Paar 1962 S N Tripathi 0 7
Naqli Nawab 1962 Baabul 2 2
Shola aur Shabnam 1962 Khayyam 2 3
Haqeeqat 1964 Madan Mohan 7 7
Idd Ka Chaand 1964 A R Qureshi 1 9
Kohra 1964 Hemant Kumar 5 5
Main Suhaagan Hoon 1964 Pt Lachchiram 4 4
Do Dil 1965 Hemant Kumar 7 7
Faraar 1965 Hemant Kumar 6 6
Anupama 1966 Hemant Kumar 5 5
Bahaaren Phir Bhi Aayengi 1966 O P Nayyar 1 1
Daak Ghar 1966 Madan Mohan 3 6
Uski Kahaani 1966 Kanu Roy 2 2
Aakhri Khat 1967 Khayyam 6 6
Ghar Ka Chiraag 1967 Madan Mohan 4 6
Mera Bhai Mera Dushman 1967 Khayyam Unknown Unknown
Naunihaal 1967 Madan Mohan 4 7
Anokhi Raat 1968 Roshan 1 1
Saat Hindustaani 1969 Laxmikant Pyarelal 1 4
Satyakaam 1969 Laxmikant Pyarelal 3 3
Daghabaaz 1970 Dilip Roy 1 1
Ek Bulbula Paani Ka 1970 Jaidev 0 1
Heer Raanjha 1970 Madan Mohan 8 8
Maa Ka Aanchal 1970 Madan Mohan 6 6
Maharaja 1970 Madan Mohan 2 2
Saat Phere 1970 Sudhir Sen 1 6
Chhoti Bahu 1971 Kalyanji Anandji 1 1
Do Boond Paani 1971 Jaidev 4 5
Parwaana 1971 Madan Mohan 6 6
Saaz aur Sanam 1971 Chitragupta 0 5
Shaan e Khuda 1971 Iqbal Qureshi 0 2
Baawarchi 1972 Madan Mohan 4 6
Mangetar 1972 Sudhir Sen 1 6
Paakeezah 1972 Ghulam Mohammad 1 1
Rivaaz 1972 Shankar Jaikishan 0 1
Shair e Kaashmir Mahzoor 1972 Prem Dhawan unknown unknown
Sultaana Daaku 1972 Madan Mohan 2 4
Alam Ara 1973 Iqbal Qureshi 0 7
Garm Hawa 1973 Aziz Ahmad Khan Warsi 1 1
Hanste Zakhm 1973 Madan Mohan 5 5
Hindustan Ki Kasam 1973 Madan Mohan 4 4
Naina 1973 Shankar Jaikishan 1 1
Asliyat 1974 Madan Mohan 0 2
Faasla 1974 Jaidev 1 4
Sankalp 1974 Khayyam 4 4
Dhoop Chhaaon 1977 Shankar Jaikishan 0 1
Dil Aur Patthar 1977 Iqbal Qureshi 1 6
Kanneshwar Rama 1977 B V Karanth 0 2
Ooperwaala Jaane 1977 Laxmikant Pyarelal 0 2
Shankar Hussain 1977 Khayyam 1 1
Inspector Eagle 1978 Madan Mohan 1 3
Subhash Chandra 1978 Aparesh Lahiri unknown unknown
Toote Khilaune 1978 Bappi Lahiri 5 5
Angaar 1980 Sonik Omi 0 2
Shaitaan Mujrim 1980 Ratandeep Hemraj 1 1
Suraag 1980 Bappi Lahiri 2 6
Aakhri Mujra 1981 Kalyanji Anandji 0 1
Kaanoon aur Mujrim 1981 C Arjun 1 1
Deedaar e Yaar 1982 Laxmikant Pyarelal 0 2
Lakshmi 1982 Usha Khanna 0 2
Arth 1983 Jagjit Singh 3 3
Razia Sultaan 1983 Khayyam 1 1
Bhaavna 1984 Bappi Lahiri 1 5
Ham Rahe Na Ham 1984 Bappi Lahiri 1 6
Kahaan Tak Aasmaan Hai 1984 Raghunath Seth 0 7
Ek Pal 1986 Bhupen Hazarika 0 2
Naseehat 1986 Kalyanji Anandji 0 1
Main Aazaad Hoon 1989 Amar Utpal 1 1
Phir Teri Kahaani yaad aayi 1993 Anu Malik 0 1
Tamanna 1997 Anu Malik 0 1
Chaand Grahan 1997 Anu Malik 4 7
Khamoshi 2002 Jagjit Singh 0 1
Ek Alag Mausam 2003 Ravi 0 5
Total movies=93 199 360

As can be seen from the filmography, Kaifi azmi has penned many memorable songs that need no introduction. For instance, who can forget the songs of “Kaaghaz Ke Phool”(1959), “Haqeeqat”(1964), or the songs of “Kohra”(1964) and “Anupama”(1966). In “Heer Ranjha”(1970), he not only penned the lyrics but also the dialogues, the dialogues being entirely in verse ! One can look at his filmography and recall the songs from those movies.

On the occasion of his birth centenary, here is a song from “Bahu Beti”(1952). This movie was directed by C L Dheer for Badoda Theatre Limited Bombay. This “social” movie had Geeta Bali, Amarnath, Jaswant, Vijaylaxmi, Rashid, Leela Mishra, S Nazeer, Nazirabai etc in it.

This movie had seven songs in it. Six songs were penned by Kaifi azmi and one by Vishwamita Adil. One song from the movie has been covered in the past.

The first song from the movie was deleted from the movie because of objections of censors. Those were the days when censors could often by quite sensitive towards matters that are taken in their stride today. The lyrics of the song were considered objectionable by the censors. Just imagine, a song penned by Kaifi Azmi was deleted from the movie because its lyrics were found objectionable !

The song luckily continued to remain in the records.

Just as fortuitously, this song happens to be 200th song of Kaifi Azmi appearing in the blog.

Here is this special song from Kaifi Azmi, on the occasion of his birth centenary. This song is sung by Geeta Dutt. Music is composed by S D Batish. Since the video of the song is not available, one can only gess about the picturisation. Seeing that Geeta Dutt’s voice appears in six out of seven songs, one can assume that she had sung for Geeta Bali, the lead actress of the movie. By that assumption, it would seem that this song was picturised on Geeta Bali. Nevertheless, I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye (Bahu Beti)(1952) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-S D Batish

Lyrics

mose chanchal
mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye
mose chanchal
o mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye
koi chupke se aaye
koi man ko lubhaaye
koi aakar jawaani ko sang le jaaye
mose chanchal
mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye

gudgudaati hai tanhaai hardum mujhe
chhedta hai akele mein mausam mujhe
raat sapne dikhaaye
bhor kaanon mein gaaye
thhandi thhandi hawa mora ghoonghat uthhaaye
mose chanchal
o mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye

naachti hain chaman mein hawaayen nayin
seekh lin aaj dil ne aaj adaayen nayi
koi hilmil ke gaaye
koi painge badhaaye
koi majboot baahon mein jhoola jhulaaye
mose chanchal
o mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhaali nahin jaaye

more nainon se masti barasne lagi
ujli ujli si ye maang dasne lagi
koi chunri audhaaye koi jhumar pahnaye
koi ujli si maang mein sindoor lagaaye
mose chanchal
o mose chanchal
mose chanchal jawaani sambhali naheeen jaaaaye

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3831 Post No. : 14839

Today’s song is from a film Jagriti-1949. This film was made by Veerendra Chitra. The director was Manohar Ghatwai. Music was by K. Narayan Rao and the Lyricist was Indeevar. The cast of the film was Ravikant, Mohana Cabral, Omkar Devaskar, Lalita Rao, Leela, Jal khambata, chemist etc etc.

From the list of 7000 odd actors who worked in Hindi films, during the period 1931 to 2000, if you divide them into grade A, B and C class artistes, you will find that about 350 (5%) actors may come in A grade-i.e. Hero/Heroines- about 1000 (15%) may come in B grade- support actors/ character artistes- and the balalnce 5600 (80%) may fall in C grade- smaller roles. It is true that not all those who join films will shine but the small time actors, who thronged the film cities like Bombay had their own dreams.Most had their dreams shattered and they had to settle for whatever was served to them.

The Mayanagari, sometimes showed its Maya. It picked up unsuspecting souls and bestowed upon them the fame and a name as Leading actors, singers, Directors ,Lyricists or whatever in films. Thus, a scholarly young man, standing in a bus queue in Madras is picked up and made a Hero of more than 40 films as ” Ranjan”. It also made an onlooker of shooting from the crowds of a studio, the famous and rich Hero of more than 50 films as ” Motilal”. An ordinary Motor Mechanic becomes a well known film Director in various languages and is called ” Sarvottam Badami’. A poor motor mechanic working is a garage becomes All India famous poet-Lyricist and Producer Director called ” Gulzar.” The same Maya made a casual singer in Hindu Colony,Dadar in Bombay a famous playback singer of repute, when her singing is heard by a passing Music Director Hanuman prasad, just by chance. She was known as ” Geeta Dutt”. There are many such examples.

There are many such number of ” Accidental Stars’, but the same Maya also scuttled the Golden chances of capable aspiring small timers to become big stars. Atleast two glaring examples are known. one is very well known to many, but the other is hardly known to anyone. Mehboob Khan was almost selected as Hero of India’s First Talkie film ” Aalam Ara”-31. Even suitable costumes for him were also made ready, but then Maya played the trick and his name was pushed back, in favour of the more famous Master Vithal, to cover up the possible risk of the failure of the First talkie, which was an experiment. Nevertheless Mehboob Khan became a significantly notable producer, director and studio owner of India.

The other case how Maya scuttled the chances of fame, name and career of a small time actor who was on the verge of becoming a big star, is not known to most people. Now, take a look at the cast of today’s film ‘ Jagriti’-49, as mentioned above, in the first paragraph of this post. Do you find a name Omkar Devaskar ? Well, this is his story….

Omkar Devaskar was born in 1911 in MP (Central provinces then). After his schooling, he ran away to Bombay to seek employment and got a job as an ‘ Assistant’ in Imperial Film company. His job was to do any work given to him. The salary was Rs.20 pm. When he saw the film shootings, he had an urge to act in films. One day, he asked Ardeshir sheth about it and he started getting uncredited small roles in silent films.

Imperial company decided to make a Talkie First time in India,mainly because of Dadasaheb Torne (Ramchandra Gopal Torne). It was he who prompted Irani to be the first in India to make a Talkie. Torne was his Manager for both Jyoti studio and Imperial Film Company. Torne was also an agent for Cinema Equipment imported from England and Germany. Torne imported Sound recording equipment and the company sent a German Engineer to explain and teach the technique to Indian technicians.

They first wanted to test the sound recording machine by recording and filming a song. Who would sing ? No one was ready to become the sacrificial goat. Irani saw Omkar and asked him to sing before the machine. A terrified Omkar lamely protested, but he had no choice. Ultimately he was ‘ made up’ and the recording and filming started. Omkar sang a Thumri, ‘ Pyare Rasia Bihari’. Everybody present, including Irani, were stunned with the sweet voice and the ease of his singing style. It came off extremely well. About 500 feet film was shot flawlessly. Irani was so much impressed, that he toyed with the idea of giving Omkar the first song in film Aalam Ara. Maya swiftly went to into action. Unfortunately the recording was not saved, otherwise it would have been the first film song to be filmed and Omkar the First ever singer actor to do so. But Alas ! This is called the stroke of misfortune ! Destiny had slated this honour for W.M.Khan.

Missing this chance, anyway, Omkar became an actor and singer. His first talkie film was Imperial’s ” Sati Anusuya “-33. He a sang 3 songs in film ” Noor E Imaan “-33, besides acting in it. Omkar acted in about 30 films in all. His last film was perhaps, Rangeeli-52. He sang 14 songs in 6 films. His last song came in today’s film Jagriti-49. Omkar was a regular actor in many Marathi films too.

Today’s song is sung by Freni Shroff and Yeshwant Bhatt. No information whatsoever is found about this singer Freni. A cursory look at HFGK indicates that possibly she sang only in this film.

YASHWANT BHATT was son of shri Nageshwar Bhatt. He was born at Madhavpur in Gujarat. Since his father was a singer of Haveli Sangeet, Yashwant started singing quite early. His first guru was Kashigar and later on it was Padubhai who actually developed Yashwant as a singer. He always gave credit to his guru Padubhai. Yashwant’s voice was very soft and sweet. It was ideal for singing emotional songs and Bhajans. He was an extremely good natured and helpful person. Soon his name became known for his sweet Bhajans.

He was ambitious to become a Play back singer in Hindi films. He came to Bombay at the age of 20 years. First he got opportunity to sing in chorus in the Circo production film songs. In 1941,he sang Bhajans on Mumbai Radio. Side by side he sang in Hindi films. In all he sang about 25 songs in 13 Hindi films. The films were Khooni Laash-43, Katil-44, Black and white-44, Royal Mail-46, Dhokhebaaz-46, Namak-47, Kismetwali-47, White face-48, Billi-49, Jiyo Raja-49, Jagriti-49, Veer Ghatotkach-49 and Actor -51.

Out of these 13 films, 9 films had music by K. Narayan Rao. Yashwant was his pet singer. Narayan Rao was mainly a composer for C grade and stunt films. His films never became famous, consequently Yashwant too was neglected and never came into limelight. Actually, with other composers, Yashwant had done duets with Naseem, Uma Devi, Sulochana Kadam, Kusum Mantri, Husn Bano, Leela Mehta, Sheela, Rohini Rai, Putlibai, Freni Shroff etc, but in spite of his sweet voice and good singing, he remained neglected by major composers. As a result he could not achieve much success in Hindi films.

This was compensated to a great extent by his Bhajan singing. He lost his father and had to return to Madhavpur. One Mr. Gijubhai was Assistant station Director of Rajkot Radio station. He invited Yashwant to sing bhajans on Rajkot radio. Soon his Bhajans became a rage and he became a very popular Prabhatiya singer. He mainly sang poems of Ganga Sati,Paan bhai and Narsi Mehta etc. He spent a long time singing bhajans. He was made an A class singer on Radio. His name was taken along with famous singers of Gujarat ,like Mohanlal Rayani, Kannubhai Barot, Dula Bhagat etc etc. Due to his good nature he got many friends here. One of them was Ratubhai Adani.

He also sang some songs in Gujarati films. Due to his hectic schedules, he neglected his health and contracted T.B. But he continued his work. when his condition became bad his friend Shri Ratubhai Adani admitted him to Keshod T.B.Hospital.

Yashwant Bhatt died of severe T.B. The news of his death on 27-10-1977 was a shock to his friends, relatives and Bhajan lovers of Gujarat.

His younger brother Harish Bhatt, who was an ardent fan of Saigal also tried to sing in Hindi films. I could trace only one of his songs in the film Kinara-1949. Yashwant Bhatt’s children also carried forward his singing legacy.

There were 9 songs in film Jagriti-49. One song is already discussed. There were all unknown singers like Omkar Devaskar, Lalita Rao, Sanjeevani Pai and Freni Shroff. only Yeshwant Bhatt was a known name. The song is better than average.

( I have used information from Music beyond boundaries by Ashok Ranade and Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, MuVyz,HFGK and my own notes, for this write up.)


Song- Nayi nayi pehchaan re (Jaagriti)(1949) Singers- Freni Shroff, Yeshwant Bhatt, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-K Narayan Rao
Both

Lyrics

ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan

jaan liya aankhon ne tumko
o o
o o o o
jaan liya aankhon ne tumko
dil hai abhi anjaaan
dil hai abhi anjaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan

sama gaye nainon mein naina aa
nigaahon se mil gayin nigaahen aen
sama gaye nainon mein naina aa
nigaahon se mil gayin nigaahen
jaise milti hain do nadiya
jaise milti hain do nadiya
jaise milti hain do raahen
jaise milti hain do raahen

aen aen
aane lage armaan dilon mein
ban kar ke mehmaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re ae
nayi nayi pehchaan

prem ke path mein bichhe huye hain aen
phool kahin pe
kahin pe kaanten ae

prem ke path pe bichhe huye hain
phool kahi pe
kahin pe kaante

dhoondh lo aisa jiwan sathi
dhoondh lo aisa

jiwan sathi
jo dukh kaate sukh ko baante
jo dukh kaate sukh ko baante

haan aan aan
preet nibhaana bada kathhin hai
hota na aasaan
ee ee ee
nayi nayi pehchaan re
nayi nayi pehchaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3829 Post No. : 14834

Today’s song is from the film Nai Duniya-42. The film was made by Circo productions of Chimanlal Trivedi and was directed by A R Kardar, with music by Naushad Ali.

Naushad was my favourite composer. Having come up from scratch to the zenith of popularity and fame, he had put in lot of hard work in early days of his career. Naushad may or may not be the best Composer the HFM ever had, but he certainly was a good example of Rags to Riches story of Filmy Duniya. He rose from the footpath and became one of the most successful composers ever in Hindi Films. Added to this was his good nature, Lucknowi Tahzib and hard work. This made him a man with least enemies ( competitors-yes, but enemies-No ) and on whose name alone films were sold during his peak period.

Naushad was the only composer on whom 6 Documentaries were made. A student Ms.Mala Sinha secured her Ph.D., making Naushad as a subject of her research. Starting with Rs.40 a month, Naushad was the First to demand and get Rs.ONE LAKH per film and was also the first composer to build his own Bungalow in a posh locality of Bombay with a Music room for doing rehearsals.

When he was on the Top, a trailer of film “Dastaan”-1950 featured Naushad on the screen showing crowds shouting ” 40 karod mein ek hi Naushad “. Such was his saleability that A R Kardar, who had always used Naushad for his own gains, was forced to make Naushad his partner in producing films under their banner ” Musical Pictures .

Naushad was undoubtedly the most successful composer HFM ever had. Out of the 65 films that he did in Hindi, 50% had celebrated jubilees. This is a record unmatched so far. His tally was 3 Diamond Jubilees ( Rattan, Baiju Bawra and Mughal-e-Azam ), 6 Golden Jubilees ( Mela, Andaz, Deedar, Aan, Mother India and Gunga Jamuna ) and 23 Silver Jubilees (Station master, Sharda, Namaste, Sanjog, Pehle aap, Kanoon, Keemat, Sanyasi, Anmol Ghadi, Shahjehan, Natak, Dard, Anokhi Ada, Dillagi, Dulari, Babul, Dastaan, Jadoo, Diwana, Udan Khatola, Kohinoor, Mere Mehboob and Ram aur Shyam ).

Naushad was the First winner of Filmfare Award in 1954 for a song in Baiju Bawra. The Award Ceremony was held in Broadway Theatre, Bombay. Ironically, it was bang opposite this Theatre that Naushad had spent his struggling days and Nights on the Footpath ! Naushad recieved several cherished Awards like Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Padma Bhushan, Lata Mangeshkar award, Maharashtra Bhooshan award, Sahitya and Natak Academy award, Saraswati Award, the IFJ and BFJ awards and scores of other awards.

His first 4 films ( Premnagar-40, Kanchan-41, Mala-41 and Darshan-41), however, were with unimpressive music. From the film Sharda-42, his Luck started changing and then there was no looking back at all for the next 25 successive years. This is exceptional talent and unbelievable Luck.

I see 2 reasons which made him successful. One was his hard work. He never ever compromised on rehearsals and however big the singer was (read Lata) he/she had to come to his Music room for rehearsals on a song for at least 7 to 8 days. He never recorded a song unless he was satisfied fully. Secondly, Naushad had tremendous faith and liking for Indian Classical music, which he used extensively in his songs. Almost all his songs had a classical base and he proved that classical music can be made entertaining for the masses, who could not make a difference between 2 Ragas, but would like his simple and hummable tunes. Very rarely his songs were difficult to hum or sing in the bathroom. He always selected singers based on their suitability for the songs.

After a draught of success, Naushad entered the year 1942. Nai Duniya was his 5th and final film before he began his Success Marathon of jubilees. Out of the 3 films in 1942, his other two films Sharda and Station Master celebrated Silver jubilees. It was only this film-Nai Duniya-which did not celebrate a Jubilee, but this film was no less important and it was a Milestone in the history of HFM.

It was in this film that noted actress singer Suraiyya sang her First recorded film song,as Baby Suraiya ( Boot karoon main polish). I have been seeing that there is a lot of confusion about the Debut song of Suraiya as a playback artiste.

Some people claim that the song ‘ Boot karun mai polish’ from film Nai Duniya-1942 is her first song as a Playback singer and some people claim that the song ‘ Panchhi jaa peechhe raha hai bachpan mera’ from film Sharda-1942 is her debut song as a playback singer.
Naushad himself,in one of the interviews , had said that the Nai Duniya song was her first recorded song as a playback singer.
However, Naushad saab is only partly correct. No doubt this song was recorded earlier ( No. N-26055) and the Sharda song was recorded later (No. N-26099).

Both the films were censored in 1942 only. However film Sharda was released first on 23-1-1943 at Minerva Talkies in Bombay, whereas Nai Duniya was released only on 24-4-1944 at Majestic Talkies in Bombay.

Therefore, the Debut song of Suraiya, as a Playback singer is undoubtedly the Sharda song,namely ‘ Panchhi jaa,peechhe raha”.
Only when a song is released on screen , it is called a Debut song, irrespective of when it was recorded.
The dictionary meaning of “to Debut” is- to perform in public for the first time. Since Sharda song was shown to public first, it becomes Suraiya’s Debut song as a Playback singer.

The song from Nai Duniya-“Boot karoon main polish” at best can be called as “the first recorded song for playback”. The Debut song ‘Panchhi jaa peechhe raha’ was posted by Atul ji on 21-2-2011 here.
( Release dates received with thanks from shri Harish Raghuwanshi ji)

This was also the first movie in which Kardar and Naushad came together. Kardar,in fact, was so much impressed with Naushad’s work style, that he decided to employ Naushad, in Kardar Productions ( which he was about to start soon), as a paid composer for Rs. 500 pm. Naushad,on his part, was very happy that he got into a job, which would ensure a sure income every month.

Later this pair gave film after films successfully. Naushad worked with Kardar for 14 films, excluding films made under the banner of Musical Pictures-in which Naushad was an equal partner with Kardar. Nai Duniya was a Circo production ( Cine Industries Recording Company, owned by Chimanlal Trivedi) and Kardar was only a Film Director for this company. Soon this Circo came up for sale. Kardar bought it to start his production company. He also established a studio in the premises. Kardar made a contract with Naushad for 5 years,but he was allowed to work outside,though the first priority would be Kardar films. Even otherwise also,Naushad restricted his films to 2 to 3 per year,as his style of working needed a long time for rehearsals.

Naushad became a household name all over India after Rattan-44 However he worked in 4 films that year (Rattan,Geet,Jeevan and Pehle Aap.) Similarly in 1949 also he did 4 films (Dillagi, Andaz,Chandni Raat and Dulari). He did only one film each in a few years like for instance- in 1940-Premnagar, 45-Sanyasi, 53-Udan Khatola, 57-Mother India, 58-Sohni Mahiwal, 61-Ganga Jamuna, 62-Son of India, 63-Mere Mehboob , 64- Leader and in 70- Ganwaar.

Nai Duniya-42 was the First ever film produced by Naushad. Later,of course, he made few more films,though he was never at ease as a Producer. For Nai Duniya-42, singer G M Durrani was his chief Musical Assistant. The film cast was Shobhana Samarth,Mazhar Khan, Jairaj, Wasti, Azurie, Jeevan, Ram Awtar etc. Not many readers may know much about old actor Mazhar Khan ( there was another Mazhar Khan in 70s/80s). He was one of the most versatile actors who shifted from Hero’s roles to character roles easily. In Hindi films, the name Khan has always been present in plenty. From Wazir Mohd.Khan of Alam Ara-1931 to Shahrukh Khan of today, there were more than 50 Khans acting in Hindi films.

Mazhar Khan was born in 1907 in the princely state of Dhar in M.P. After Matriculation, he joined Police force due to his build and height, but soon he was fed up and resigned. He straightaway headed for Bombay looking for work in films. Director Durga Prasad Mishra took him in Imperial studio and he did about 19 Silent films starting with Challenge-1929. When Talkie films started, he went to Calcutta, joined New Theatres and worked with K L Saigal in ‘Subah ka Sitara’-1932. For East India Film co.,he did ‘ Ek din ka Baadshah-33’and Raat ka raja-34 in which he did 8 roles in the film. After a few more films, he returned to Bombay and worked in Ranjit and Minerva Movitone films. His career best role came in 1941 in Shantaram’s Padosi, in which he did the famous role of Hindu Friend Thakur, while Gajanan Jagirdar did the role of his Muslim friend. In the prevailing tense communal atmosphere in the country those days,this film was hailed as a milestone depicting life long friendship of a Hindu and a Muslim.

In 1942, he turned Director and did Meri Duniya-42, Yaad-42, Badi Baat-44, Pehli Nazar-45, Dil ki Duniya-49 etc. His noteworthy films were Noorjehan-32, Bharosa-40, Padosi-41 and Ulzan-42. This role was that of a Blind singer-like K C Dey. His last film was Usha Kiran-52. He died on 24-9-1950, before its release.

When you hear today’s song, first time after 1940,you will find that there is melody and Taal in this song. As if there was a transformation, from 1942 onwards, Naushad’s music underwent a sea change. No wonder,in those days people found these songs had easy tunes and a certain melody in them. Naushad’s journey towards success and popularity began with 1942 films.

Film Nai Duniya had 11 songs. 8 songs are already discussed here. Today’s song is the 9th song. This film had 3 songs exclusively by chorus. This was something most unlike Naushad’s style seen in later years. Naushad would have songs sung by 2-3 or even 4 singers( as in Mother India-57) at a time ,but at no time were there any chorus songs in his films exclusively. May be in this film he tried to emulate Anil Biswas who had a penchant for chorus songs in his films. In one of my earlier posts, I have discussed about the chorus songs of Anil Biswas. After this film,something happened to Naushad and suddenly from his next film Sharda-42, he started giving Hit films. These are some of the unexplained wonders of Hindi films. Here is the song….


Song-Bolo chhoom chhananan chhananan chhai (Nai Duniya)(1942) Singer-Male Voice 1, Male Voice 2, Male Voice 3, Male Voice 4, Male Voice 5, Lyrics-A Shah Aziz, MD-Naushad
Chorus

Lyrics

bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

ab aayegi roz mithhaai re sajanwa
aayegi roz mithhaai
hum khaayenge prem se bhaai
hum khaayenge prem se bhaai
kaho maine ye kaisi baat kahi
kaho maine ye kaisi baat kahi
o bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

bhabhi apni chhe sudar naari
ji waa waah
bhabhi apni chhe sundar naari
teri soorat chhe ghani pyaari
teri soorat chhe ghani pyaari
ta’ta thai ta’ta thhai ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’thai
ta’ta thai ta’ta thhai ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’ta’thai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

jab petha patise aayenga
o dear jab petha patise aayenga
well hum bhi to khoob khaayenga
well hum bhi to khoob khaayenga
haa haha haaha haha hahahai
haa haha haaha haha hahahai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

garma garam jalebiyaan makhaane ni je bindiye
garam jalebiyaan makhaane
asi khaawaange hun rabb jaane
asi khaawaange hun rabb jaane
agey mildi si saanu roti bai
agey mildi si saanu roti bai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai

o bhai achha achha hai ye mera baani bakhaana
bhai achha achha hai ye mera baani
bhabhi mila hai ati lasaani
bhabhi mila hai ati lasaani
puiyo puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana pui
puiyo puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana puiyo
khaana pui
bolo chhoom chhanananana chhai
chhachhachhai chhachhachhai chhachhachhai
chhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
hamen bhaabhi ji aa ko mil gayi chhachhachhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhai
bolo chhoom chhananananana chhaee..ee. . .

———————————————————
Hindi Script Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

अब आएगी रोज़ मिठाई रे सजनवा
आएगी रोज़ मिठाई
हम खाएँगे प्रेम से भाई
हम खाएँगे प्रेम से भाई
कहो मैंने ये कैसी बात कही
कहो मैंने ये कैसी बात कही
ओ बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

भाभी अपनी छे सुंदर नारी जी वाह वाह
भाभी अपनी छे सुंदर नारी
तेरी सूरत छे घणी प्यारी
तेरी सूरत छे घणी प्यारी
त त थई त त थई त त त त त त थई
त त थई त त थई त त त त त त थई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

जब पेठा पतीसे आएंगा
ओ डीयर जब पेठा पतीसे आएंगा
वैल हम भी तो खूब खाएंगा
वैल हम भी तो खूब खाएंगा
हा ह ह हा ह ह ह ह ह हई
हा ह ह हा ह ह ह ह ह हई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

गरमा गरम जलेबियाँ मखाने नि जे बिंदिए
गरम जलेबियाँ मखाने
असी खवाङ्गे हूण रब्ब जाने
असी खवाङ्गे हूण रब्ब जाने
अग्गे मिल्दी सी सानु रोटी बई
अग्गे मिल्दी सी सानु रोटी बई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई

आ भाई अच्छा अच्छा है ये मेरा बाणी बखाना
भाई अच्छा अच्छा है ये मेरा बाणी
भाभी मिला है अति लासानी
भाभी मिला है अति लासानी
पुईओ पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुई
पुईओ पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुईओ
खाना पुई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
छ छ छई छ छ छई छ छ छई
छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
हमें भाभी जी आ को मिल गई छ छ छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई
बोलो छूम छ न न न न न छई॰॰ई॰ ॰ ॰



This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3824 Post No. : 14827

“Manzoor”(1949) was directed by Subodh Mitra for New Theatres, Bombay. The movie had Asit Baran, Bharati, Chhabi Biswas, Chandrawati, Bhupendra Kapoor, Latika, Aditya Ghosh, Asita Bose, Tulsi Chakravarty, Manorama, Jharna, Master Khurshid, Ram Pyari, RP Kapoor, Prem Kumari, Shaukat Shah etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Three of them have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Manzoor”(1949) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Ila Ghosh. Pt Bhushan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pankaj Mullick.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

I have not been able to get one (may be more than one ) word right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Wo din na rahe raaten na rahin (Manzoor)(1949) Singer-Ila Ghosh, Lyrics-Pt Bhushan, MD-Pankaj Mullick

Lyrics

Wo din na rahe ae ae
raaten na rahin
apne bigde begaane
sab sukh ke saathi chhoot gaye
dukh aaya hamen manaane ae ae
armaanon ki ik bagiya thhi ee
armaanon ki ik bagiya thhi
har daal pe sukh ka jhoola thha
har kali madhur muskaati thhi
har phool khushi se phoola thha
ik halki ee ee ee
ik aisi ulti hawa chali
toote sab sapne suhaane
apne bhi huye begaane

aasha thhi
aasha thhi jeewaan saagar se
munh maange moti paayenge
dil dil ii bhaasha samjhega
nainon ko nain lubhaayenge
ab dil ki ee ee
ab dil ki ye dukh bhari kahaani gaaun
?? jise sunaaun
apne bhi huye begaane


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3821 Post No. : 14820

Nautanki (Indian Opera or Ballad) is one of the major forms of Hindi theatre which has been in vogue for over 200 years as a popular form of entertainment in the rural and semi-urban area in some parts of North India. It is believed that Nautanki originated around the present day Mathura-Vrindavan-Hathras regions in Uttar Pradesh in the forms of Raas leela, Swaang etc. Over a period of time, it become popular in Braj speaking areas such as eastern Rajasthan (Khayal, similar to Nautanki) and Northern Madhya Pradesh which are closed to the border of the western Uttar Pradesh. Later its influence got extended in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Bihar.

Initially, nautankis were staged in Brajbhasha. Later the writers used the hybrid of Hindi, Urdu and local dialects in keeping with the changing taste of the audience who were now exposed to Hindi films.

The stories for the Nautanki have come from mythology (example: Harishchandra-Taramati), history (Amar Singh Rathod), folklore (Laila-Majnu, Puranmal), romance (Pak Mohabbat), noble bandits (Sultana Daaku) and the contemporary social and political issues. The stories are depicted in both the dialogues and singing. There are two main style of Nautanki. Hathrasi style gives more preference to singing in opera style with melodic exchanges between the actors on the stage. The Kanpuri style has a mix of dialogues and fast-paced singing. Probably, Kanpuri style was influenced by the touring Parsee Theatres’ plays.

The lyrics and the tunes of the songs in Nautanki are mostly traditional having been passed on orally from one generation to the next. However, newly composed songs are also included keeping with the stories used in the Nautanki. The main musical instruments used in the traditional Nautanki were Nagada, Dholak and Harmonium. The sounding of Nagada was intimations to the people that a nautanki mandali had come to perform in the village. But by the end of 1950s, additional musical instruments like Sarangi, Clarinet etc were introduced. The modern Nautanki theatres uses Keyboards, Drums and even Guitar in keeping with the music trends.

People would be attracted to watch the nautanki if the actors had powerful voice (there was no mike those days)- both for singing and dialogues and their effective interpretations of the lyrics of the songs through the facial expressions, the hand gestures and the dances. A couple of traditional folk songs are sung by the singers-dancers in between the acts as fillers to keep the audience’s interest intact during the nautanki shows.

Nautanki had been the male-dominated form of theatre when it had bloomed in the early 20th century. But one personality who has changed this tradition in early 1930s was Gulab Bai who became the first female artist to join the male-dominated Nautanki theatre. There are more ‘firsts’ to her credit. She was the first female who owned a successful Nautanki Mandali called Great Gulab Theatre Company’. She was the first recipient among the Nautanki artists to get Sangeet Natak Akadamy Award (1985) and ‘Padma Shri’ Award from Government of India (1990). Gulab Bai is a story of a girl born in extreme poverty who rose to the status of a nationally honoured nautanki artist. Yet she died sad and disappointed as the form of nautanki which she had actively nurtured had almost vanished in front of her own eyes.

Gulab Bai (C.1920 – 13/07/1996) was born in Balpurva village in the present day Kannauj district in Uttar Pradesh. She was the eldest among the 12 siblings. Her father’s was a wanderer who would go to forest for hunting and bring home small games like rabbit and birds. He also indulged in petty pilfering like stealing from agricultural fields. Her family belonged to Bedia community where the girls were bread earners by way of street performance as singers and the entertainers to the wealthy traders and businessmen. The Bedia men-folk seldom worked. Naturally, Gulab Bai’s father encouraged her to sing and dance to add to his income. She had inclination to learn singing and dancing from her childhood as she had been brought up among the other female members of her extended family who were performing artists.

A chanced visit to a nearby town called Makanpur with her father for the Annual Urs of Madar Shah, a Sufi saint, changed the outlook of Gulab Bai to become something greater than the street singer. During the Urs, one of the visiting Nautanki Mandalis called Tirmohan Lal’s Nautanki Theatre was staging ‘Harishchandra-Taramati’. Gulab Bai watched the nautanki and was impressed by the musical presentation with actors singing and dancing. She told her father that she would be interested in joining the nautanki theatre. Those days, both male and female roles in the nautanki were enacted by males only. There was no way that Gulab Bai would be taken in any nautanki mandalis. Nonetheless, her father took Gulab Bai to Tirmohan Lal, the owner of the Nautanki.

Tirmohan Lal, first refused to take Gulab Bai as in male-dominated nautanki theatres, females had no place. However, later he relented on the conditions that Gulab Bai would be paid only for her upkeep and she would have to travel to Kanpur where they had programmes lined up for a long duration. So this was the start of Gulab Bai’s first exposure to nautanki theatre. Her father or brother accompanied Gulab Bai to Kanpur.

Initially, Tirmohan Lal gave her job of singing dadras, rasiyas and lavanis in-between the nautanki acts and scenes as fillers (something, I guess, akin to ‘item number songs’ in Hindi films). Her songs were applauded by the audience which made Tirmohan Lal to consider her for higher roles in the nautanki. Her days were spent in learning the finer nuances of nautanki music from Tirmohan Lal. She also received the training from Mohammed Khan of Hathras who was well-versed in Hindustani classical raags and nautanki music. Thus she was groomed for taking subsidiary roles in the nautanki which she did admirably.

Over a period of time, with her natural flavour for singing and dancing and the audience’s favourable response, Tirmohan Lal gave her the lead roles of Taramati in ‘Harishchandra-Taramati’, Rani Haadi in ‘Amar Singh Rathod’, Laila in ‘Laila Majnu’, Shirin in ‘Shirin-Farhad’ etc. Her tremendous success and popularity among the nautanki audience motivated other female artists to join the other nautanki theatres most of whom were from the extended family of Gulab Bai.

By early 1940s, Gulab Bai had become the topmost nautanki artists with her monthly salary rising to Rs.2000/-. Tirmohan Lal’s Nautanki Theatre had become one of the topmost nautanki theatres due mainly to the popularity of Gulab Bai. A few of the competing nautanki theatres tried to lure Gulab Bai to join them at a higher salary. But she declined the offer as her loyalty was with Tirmohan Lal. On his part, Tirmohan Lal also raised her salary in keeping with her earning capacity for his nautanki theatre.

Sometime in 1954, Gulab Bai was need of some money urgently to meet the medical expenses for one of her younger sisters who had accidentally fallen from the staircase of her haveli. Gulab Bai was in Kanpur for that night’s nautanki show. Gulab Bai requested Timohan Lal for a day’s leave and Rs.100 for the medical treatment which he refused both. This attitude of Tirmohan Lal for whom she had worked for nearly 2 decades, made Gulab Bai upset. She left Tirmohan Lal’s nautanki, arranged money from her colleagues to attend to her sister’s medical treatment. After this incidence, Gulab Bai did not perform for Tirmohan’s nautanki.

In 1955, Gulab Bai formed her own nautanki theatre called the Great Gulab Theatre Company. Her 3 younger sisters and Raja, the hero from Tirmohan Lal’s nautanki joined her. In all her nautankis, Gulab Bai continued to be the heroin while Raja acted opposite her mostly in lead roles. During this period, Raja amd Gulab Bai started living together as husband-wife though they never legally married. He was the second ‘husband’ for her, as she had separated from the first sometime in the late 1940s. In a short time, Great Gulab Theatre became an established name churning show after show based on the popular stories in the various places. At one point of time, the Great Gulab Theatre had 120 artists on its role.

Towards, the end of 1970s, the fortune of Great Gulab Theatre Company was on the decline so also of others due to declining patronage of audience. With the advent of TV, VCDs and VCRs, the new generation of audience had different expectation from the Nautankis akin to what was churned out in Bollywood films. The Government had imposed entertainment tax on Nautanki shows. At the same time, Gulab Bai was in no mood to compromise on the production value of her Nautankis.

Gulab Bai must have sung hundreds of songs during her active career in the nautanki theatres. Unfortunately, very few songs have been released on the gramophone records. So far, 16 songs have been listed as being released on 78 RPM gramophone records. Her two most popular dadras, ‘nadi naare na jaao Shyam paiyyan padoon’ and ‘moko peehar mein mat chhed baalam’ were recorded and released in the late 1940s by HMV on 78 RPM gramophone record. These dadras were often played on wedding functions. Later, she also sang these on All India Radio.

Interestingly, these two dadras were used in Sunil Dutt’s film, ‘Mujhe Jeene Do’ (1963) sung by Asha Bhonsle. These songs became more popular than the original ones sung by Gulab Bai since early 1930s due to film’s pan India reach. Lawyers of Kanpur approached her to file a case against the producer of the film for using her songs without acknowledgement and compensation. She reprimanded the lawyers by saying that these were songs from the Braj. Women of Braj had been singing these songs for ages with their dholaks. There is nothing to write or compose. These are folk songs.

I guess, the issue of copyrights which was all over the newspaper must have given an opportunity for HMV to make money by bringing out Gulab Bai’s recorded songs in public by way of a LP. In 1969, HMV released 12 songs on LP. Probably, this was a better way of earning her dues by way of royalties than fighting a case in the court.

After Gulab Bai was awarded Sangeet Natak Akadamy Award in 1985, Government began inviting her company to perform on some state functions. Even though such invitations came in few and far between, Gulab Bai preferred state patronage as it was hassle free. She received a lump sum payment without the tension of a box office failure. Also there was no pressure from the audience for the cheap entertainment. Hereafter, her company reduced the public performances and did only the commissioned performances.

Gulab Bai breathed her last on July 13, 1996 after a short illness. She left behind her two sons one of which worked with SBI as an Officer. Her two daughters, Asha and Madhu are educated and married. They are traditional Nautanki artists.

During her active days in nautanki theatres, Gulab Bai had trained many artists so as to ensure that the folk theatres strive and there is continuity in the keeping alive the tradition. One of her wishes was that the Government should set up a Nautanki Academy in Kanpur to keep alive the folk tradition of nautanki by enrolling young people as nautanki artists. Unfortunately, her suggestion was never considered. She rued this just a few days before her death in a TV interview by way of couplet from Jigar Muradabadi which she told her daughter to sing.

<em.‘yahaan insaaf kis se maangne aaye ho ‘Jigar’
chalo yahaan se ye andhon ki rajdhaani hai

I was toying with the idea of selecting one of her 12 non-film songs in the LP for presenting along with this write-up. While looking for the video clip of the song on YT, I accidentally came across a video clip of a film song ‘Dilli se mol dupatta manga do’ sung by Gulab Bai in an obscure film ‘Diwanji’ (1950). So here is that song. While the lyricist is unattributed, the nautanki type song is set to music by Sushant Bannerjee.

To the best of my knowledge, this was the only song which Gulab Bai sang for a Hindi film.
Acknowledgements:
1. Gulab Bai : The Queen of Nautanki Theatre by Deepti Priya Mehrotra (2006).
2. Nautanki – Folk Theatre: A Study of Women Performers And Audiences in Mathura, UP by Vyomika Sharma-Bhardwaj (2013).
3. ‘Ek Thhi Gulab Bai’ – TV documentary by Krishna Raghava (1996).

Audio Clip :

Song-Dilli se mol dupatta manga do (Divanji)(1950) Singer-Gulab Bai, MD-Sushant Bannerji

Lyrics

Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
laakhon kahi is ne ek na maani
laakhon kahi is ne ek na maani
kaise chhipaaun mein uthhti jawaani
uthhti jawaani
kaise chhipaaun mein uthati jawaani
uthati jawaani
ab koi reet bataa do
bataa do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyan

Dhaake ki malmal ho rang ho dhaaani
Dhaake ki malmal ho rang ho dhaani
cham cham chamkegi mori jawaani
cham cham chamkegi mori jawaani
uspe gota kinaari lagaa do
do
uspe gota kinaari lagaa do
aur malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa

pahan dupatta ?? raani banoongi
raani banoongi
pahan dupatta ?? raani banoongi
raani banoongi
apne dewariya se binti karoongi
apni dewariya se binti karoongi
kya
sainyyan se
haan
sainyyan se mohe milaa do
do o
sainyyan se mohe milaa do
aur malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
malmal manga do
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa
Dilli se mol dupatta manga do
manga do sainyyaa


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3813 Post No. : 14811 Movie Count :

4051

Today’s song is from an obscure old film of the first decade of the Talkie films- Snehlata-1936.

The song is sung by Rajkumari under the baton of Lallubhai Nayak. This Prakash Pictures’ film was directed by Balwant Bhatt-elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. The cast of the film was, Gulab, Jayant, Panna, Umakant, Shirin Bano, Rajkumari,Lallubhai etc etc.

When films started to be made in India, in the early part of the 20th century, only local talent was used,naturally. As the industry started taking a shape,it was seen as an opportunity to earn wages. It was also an industry which did not require high education, a better creed or a particular religion. All that was required was to look reasonably well ( even tolerable) and readiness to do work. When films were shown in villages towns and cities, it created a desire in the hearts of aspirants and a flow to the film centres like Lahore, Calcutta, Kolhapur and Bombay started.

The Talkie film set the norms for actors. for the main roles-good looks, ability to speak in Hindi and singing ability and for other roles-tolerable looks, readiness to learn and do hard work were the standards. Being Talkie, knowledge of speaking Hindi/Urdu became necessary. This automatically became an exit point for several European, Jew and Anglo Indian artistes who had dominated the silent films. Thus the gates now opened for Hindu and Muslim girls, boys and adults.

As the industry grew, opportunities and requirements increased. Aspirants from other than local stations started pouring in, making the film industry a true representative Of Bharat, that is India. people from far off places thronged to Bombay, Lahore and Calcutta. Bombay had artistes hailing from U.P., Rajasthan, Bengal, Punjab, Delhi in addition to Gujarat and Maharashtra. Some artistes came from obscure and far off places too.

Some such examples come to mind offhand are, Hero Vijaykumar came from Shimla ( later even Sheila Ramani also came from there), kamla Kotnis from Andhra, Ranjan from Tamilnad, A,K,Dar aka Jeevan and Chandramohan from Kashmir, Amirbai Karnataki from Hubli, Sarvottam Badami from Bangalore etc etc.

When actress Shyama Zutshi from Kashmir acted in films like Vishnu Bhakti-34 and Karvaan E Hayaat-35, there was a hue and cry. Famous actor Chandramohan – who too was from Kashmir-resented that women from Kashmir came into films and warned Shyama not to act in films and go back. Eventually, she left films and joined Politics with her father in Kashmir. She is popularly considered as the First Kashmiri girl in Hindi films- followed by Yashodhara Katju in the 40s and 50s. Now of course so many girls and boys are from Kashmir in films. However Shyama Zutshi was NOT the first actress form Kashmir.

The First actress form Kashmir to work as a Heroine in Hindi films was GULAB, who was part of the cast of today’s film Snehlata-36. Her real name was Saraswati Devi. She was born on 10-6-1908 at Jammu. She joined Krishna Film Company in 1924. Her first silent film’Krishna kumar’ came in 1925. She worked in 60 silent films. Her last silent film was ‘Dagabaz Dushman’-32, made by east India Film co.Bombay.

Her first Talkie film was Suryakumari-33, made by Vishnu Cinetone. It was directed by Dhirubhai Desai. She sang one song ‘more preetam jab ghar aaye’ composed bu Kikubhai Yagnik. Then came Baburao Patel’s ‘Bala Joban’-34, Sewa Sadan-34 and Nai Duniya-34 ( Debut film of Rajkumari and Jayant). In this film Gulab sang 2 songs.

Gulab was very beautiful and quite popular in film industry. Some of her films were Bambai ki sethani-35, Challenge-37, Bharosa-40, Pyas-41, Ek Raat-42, Station master-42, Gaali-44, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Mirza Sahibaan-47, Lahore-49, Badi Behan-49, stage-51, Post Box 999-58, Chhabili-60 etc etc. She acted in 160 films. her last film seems to be Haqeeqat-64 ( stats from MuVyz)

The Hero of film Snehlata-36 was Jayant. I used to like his masculine, well built personality and resonant voice. Rugged type of roles ( like in Madhumati-58) suited him best. I wonder how this Pathan must have acted in love story films ! His real name was Zakeria Khan. His family was from Peshawar. he was born on 8-10-1915. Till he was 15 year old, his father Sardar S.A.Khan was a Sports superintendent in Alwar state. After schooling, Jayant joined Alwar state army as second Lt. After 2 years he quietly resigned and proceeded to Bombay to become an actor. His family was unaware of this.

For few months, he went from one studio to another looking for an opening. Finally Director Vijay Bhatt met him and took him in Prakash Pictures Gujarati film ‘Sansar leela’-33, which was remade in Hindi as Nai Duniya-34. After this no work for few months and he did smaller roles in stunt films- about 30 films. Director Gunjal advised him to shift to Social films and he did Mud-40, opposite Shobhana Samarth. Then there was no looking back. Films like Mala-41( which was remade as Amar-54 and Jayant had acted in it also doing the same role), Zevar-42, Daavat-43, Poonji-43, Shirin Farhad-45, Maa baap ki laaj-46, Shoharat-48 etc came to him.

Jayant did 105 films. He sang one song in film State Express-38 also. His last film was Insaniyat-74. Film ‘Love and God’ was released in 1986. Jayant had 3 sons- Amjad khan (Gabbar singh), Inayat khan and Imtiyaz khan. Jayant died on 2-6-1975….just 2 months before film ‘Sholey’-75 was released !

The film was directed by the elder brother of Nanabhai Bhatt- Balwant Bhatt. He was born at Porbandar,Gujarat 0n 13-1-1909. Balwant started his career by assisting Naval Gandhi in 1930-31 and then N.B.Vakil at Sagar Studios in 1932. He turned Director with the advent of Talkie films and joined Prakash Pictures with Actress-1934. His first film was Chalta purja-1932 and the last one was Nagin aur Sapera-1966. He directed 33 films,mostly stunt and C grade films. He directed some Gujarati films like Sansar Leela,Seth Sagsha,Diwadandi,Snehlata etc.He was the producer of Dillagi-1942,Gunehgar,Alif Laila etc. Diwadandi-1950 became famous for its song-” Taari aankhni afini”, sung by Dilip Dholakia with music by Ajit Merchant. His film Mordhwaj-52 was the Debut film for MD Narayan Dutt. Balwant Bhatt died on 7-2-1965,at Bombay.

Film Snehlata -36 was also made in Gujarati. In those days, the regional language film industries were not that developed, so bilingual film making was quite common. The film seems to have had 7 songs, but HFGK mentions only 4 songs-all sung by Rajkumari, who was a regular singer in that period. The film ‘which was also known as ‘Bharat ki Devi’ had all songs written jointly by brothers Vijay and Shankar Bhatt.


Song- Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari (Snehlata)(1936) Singer- Rajkumari, Lyricist- Vijay and Shankar Bhatt, MD- Lallubhai Nayak

Lyrics

Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
tu Ganga ki si ujiyaari
Ganga ki si ujiyaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
?? tumhaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari

tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
kaisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa aa

????
charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
sab charnon par balihaari
?? vibhooti aaari
?? vibhooti aaari
vibhooti aaari
mahima hai teri nyaari
Hai dhanya tu Bharat naari
mahima hai teri nyaari
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
tan man dhan unke charnon par
sachmuch toone waar diya
preetam pag anuraagini toone
aisa adbhut pyaar kiya
aa aa aa
preetam charnon par balihaari
main akshay ki ??
??
??
mahima hai teri nyaari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3808 Post No. : 14804

Today’s song is from film Chand sitare-48. Chand, Chandni, Tare and Sitare are the favourite words of film makers to use in the film titles.As many as 40+ film titles contain these words. The song is sung by Shamshad and chorus, composed by MD-Premnath and written by Lyricist I.C.Kapoor.

My Primary education was in Urdu language. Hyderabad being a Muslim state, learning Urdu had a definite advantage, but there were schools in English, Marathi, Telugu, Kannada and even Hindi mediums as well in Hyderabad and the treatment to all other languages than Urdu, was equal by the Nizam Government. This was because Hyderabad was a Trilingual state, consisting of 8 Telugu speaking Districts, 5 Marathi speaking Districts and 3 Kannada speaking districts, plus the rulers were Urdu speakers. From 5th standard I changed to Marathi Medium and continued till end of schooling. English, Marathi and Hindi were my favourite subjects, but Maths and Geography were my sworn enemies.

Maths particularly, first confused me and then irritated me. I failed to understand a sum like ” If 5 people build a Wall 5 feet X 5 feet in 5 days, how many days 25 people will take to build the same wall. Now, if the wall was already built by 5 people, why should anyone build it again ?

Similarly, A, B and C were hated by me. Sums like ” If A borrows 500 Rupees from B at the rate of 5% interest per month and B borrows 400 rupees from C at the rate of 2% interest per month, what would be A’s loss and B’s profit. I failed to understand, why should A borrow money from B, when C was offering loan at lower rates in the first place ?

Geography was another headache. Size and population of countries, Longitudes and Latitudes, Capitals and Currency of Nations, temperatures in Tundra and Siberia and rainfall in Cherapunjee, were beyond my comprehension. However, in Geography, there used to be some chapters in Astronomy also. I liked them very much. Different Planets ,The Milky Way and Comets fascinated me.

Especially Comets aroused my curiosities no end. I learnt that Comets were Heavenly Bodies, made up of Gases and space debris, which appeared suddenly in the sky, seen for a while and then disappeared. Some Comets created panic by crossing Earth’s passage and such Comets would be featuring in newspapers and on TVs.

Comets are like those friends who walk with us for few years and disappear from this world. Comets are like those personalities who shine for a while and then disappear for ever. In Hindi Music too, there were extraordinarily Talented people, who worked for a short period and then were gone for ever, just like Comets.

Master Madan is a good example in this context. In a short life, he sang immortal Gazals like, ” Yun na rah rah kar hamein tarsaiye” and ” Hairat se tak raha hai “. He was born on 28-12-1927 in Jallunder Dist. and died on 5-6-1942. In a singing career of just 3-4 years he became immortal. He left behind him 3 Bhajans, 3 Gazals and 2 Punjabi song records. He left this world, after shining just like a Comet.

Then there is C. Arjun who composed an eternal song like ” Paas baitho tabiyat bahal jayegi,maut ayee to tal jayegi ” and disappeared like a Comet. There are many such examples in the history of HFM.

In the arena of HFM, there were several such Comets- which came, shone for a while and disappeared. They were small and big Comets. May be good or ordinary too. We do not know. There were few composers who did just 2 or 3 films and some did 15 to 20 films. Still this number was not enough for their hidden talents to showcase. Some names come to mind offhand like Daan singh, Dilip Dholakia, Jamal sen, Chand Pardesi, Sardar Malik, Sailesh Mukherji, Vasant kumar Naidu etc.

One such Comet was Music Director Premnath (Wadhva). Composer Premnath is an ideal case for ” Same Name Confusions’. Since his name coincides with the more well known actor Premnath,operating almost in the same period,people misunderstood that Actor Premnath and composer Premnath were the same persons. Surprisingly,actor Premnath was a good singer himself and had been trained by professional Ustads for classical music,but he could never fulfill his desire of becoming a singer and became an actor instead. However he did a film song,which was posted on this blog by our Sudhir ji,some years back-if I remember right. But the fact remains that both persons were different.

PREMNATH the Music Director was born on 5-7-1918 in Gujranwala,Punjab. He learnt music from experts in Amritsar,Multan and Lahore.He acted in films like Shahr-e-khamoshi and also sang in Sohni Mahiwal-1938.
After marriage,he moved to Bombay. His first film as a Music Director was Rangbhoomi-1946.In this film ,a novice Mohd. Rafi sang many songs for him.His other films were Dehati-47,Chandrahas-47,Sagar’s Pehla pyar-47. He then produced a film ” Chand sitare”-48 under the banner of Ravindra Art productions. Mukesh,Lata and Geeta Roy sang in it. In film ‘Alakh Niranjan’-50,he used Mohd. Faruqi,Sulochana Kadam and Rajkumari.
Premnath gave music to many films of Super pictures of Aspy Irani like bade bhaiya-51 and Maya Machhindra-51,in which surendra, Geeta, Rafi and Shamshad sang. His another film ‘Qatil Kaun’ in late 50s was not released. For this film,Rafi, Asha, Manna Dey, Mubarak Begum and Shamshad had given songs.
His films diminished. Sati vaishalini-59, Main hoon jaadugar-65, Tarzan in Fairyland-68 and Gyani ji-77 were his last films. He composed 99 songs in all.
After he stopped work as MD,he devoted his time for the welfare of Cine Artists as a trade union leader. As a Secretary,he served the music Directors’ Assn. for 30 years.
He died on 27-4-1993 at the age of 75 years.

Film Chand sitare’s star cast was Jeevan, Manorama, Rajan Haksar, Niranjan Sharma, Anita, Satish, Leela etc. In Hindi films two actresses were known as ” Aunty’. One was actress Shammi and the other was ” Manorama aunty “. Both actresses were Heroines in their early career for few films, but soon accepted character roles. Both were seniors and highly respected in the industry.

During the course of last 80 odd years, thousands of actors came to work in films. Most of them wanted to become Hero or Heroine, but all could not make it. What does it take to become a Hero in a film ? ( Talking only for the period 1931 to 1970 please). Is it good looks ? Then how come Shaikh Mukhtar became a Hero ? or Ranjan ? High education ? Then how come Master Bhagwan became a Hero ? A God Father ? Then how come Motilal or Surendra became Heros ? For girls too same logic applies. In the early era, most Heroines were uneducated, like Meena Shorey, for example- who could not even sign her name. All were not Handsome or beautiful. I sincerely feel, it is neither Talent nor the good looks, it is nothing but the Luck Factor, which helps in making a career in films. This explains why good looking, educated 1 or 2 film’s Heros could not sustain themselves for long. Same way, good looking girls like Vijayalaxmi, Bimla kumari, krishnakumari, Tabassum, Yashodhara katju, Shubha Khote, Shashikala etc could not continue beyond 3-4 films as Heroines.

In the 40’s era, Manorama was one such actress. She had good education, beautiful Punjabi looks, fine acting, but she could not go beyond 3 films as Heroine and to contend with side and character roles in all her career. Manorama was born in Lahore on 16-8-1920,as Irene Issac Daniels, from Punjabi father and Irish mother. She took good looks from the father. While a student, she did some child roles in films from 1926 to 1936 and as an adult, she debuted in Pancholi’s Khazanchi-41 ( when Khazanchi was remade in 1958, she was the only actor who featured in this version also. Some other such examples were Kanhaiyalal acting in film Aurat-40 and Mother India-57 and Jayant in film Mala-41 and its remake Amar-54.Naushad was the same MD for both Mala and Amar.) She then acted in Himmat-41, Khandan-42, Zamindar-42, Poonji-43, Panchhi-44, Patwari-45 in Lahore. Here only she did Heroine’s roles in Khamosh Nigahen, Rehana and Shalimar- all in 1946. After partition, she migrated to India, but she got only side and character roles.

Meanwhile, in 1947, she got married to Rajan Haksar. After coming to India, shortly, their marriage broke. She had one daughter-Roopa from this marriage. Roopa tried her luck in films in 1970, without much success. Then she got married and settled.

Manorama grew in weight. Now she got comic or vamp roles. She did films like Ghar ki izzat, Johari, Hanste aansoo, Ek phool do mali, Shor, karvaan etc etc. In all she acted in 161 films. Her last film was Water-2005. She died on 15-2-2008. She perhaps, had the longest career among actresses-from 1926 to 2005, that is a cool 80 years ! Manorama was a highly respected person in the industry. Neetu singh, Madhuri Dixit, Ram Mohan, Ekta kapoor and others were her fans. Her famous films were Jhanak Jhanak….,Half Ticket, Budtameez,and Seeta aur Geeta.

Film Chand sitare-48 had 8 songs. 7 songs have featured already on this Blog and today’s song is the last song of the film. So, with this song, film Chand sitare-48 joins the list of films who have all songs covered. My thanks to Sudhir ji for providing and uploading the full version of this song from his collection.


Song-Phir chaayi hain kaali ghataayen pardes na jaa (Chaand Sitaare)(1948) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Ishwar Chand Kapoor, MD-Premnath
Chorus

Lyrics

phir chhaayin hain kaali ghataayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayin hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

mere sapnon ki duniya basa ke
yoon jaao na ankhiyaan churaa ke
ankhiyaan churaa ke
mere sapnon ki duniya basa ke
yoon jaao na ankhiyaan churaa ke
ankhiyaan churaa ke
hamen aisi adaayen na bhaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayi hain mast
lo aayi hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

dekho dekho
kisi ne li angdaayi
dekho dekho
kisi ne li angdaayi
haule haule
jawaani kehne aayi
haule haule
jawaani kehne aayi
haaye naa jaa
suhaani raaten bolein
ke jiya mera doley
naina moti ro len
haaye na jaa
suhaani raaten bolein
ke jiya mera doley
naina moti ro len
mere lab pe hai ye hi sadaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aayi hain mast
lo aayin hain mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa

o jee nainon se behta hai paani
raaja do din ki hai zindagaani
zindagaani
o jee nainon se behta hai paani
raaja do din ki hai zindagaani
zindagaani
ab aa jaa
kaleja munh ko aaye
bin tere raha na jaaye
ab aa jaa
kaleja munh ko aaye
bin tere raha na jaaye
ham raah pe akhiyaan bichhaayen
pardes na jaa
lo aaye hai mast
lo aayi hai mast hawaayen
pardes na jaa
phir chhaayin hain kaali ghataayen
pardes na jaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

फिर छाईं हैं काली घटाएँ
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा
मेरे सपनों की दुनिया बसा के
यूं जाओ ना अखियाँ चुरा के
अखियाँ चुरा के
मेरे सपनों की दुनिया बसा के
यूं जाओ ना अखियाँ चुरा के
अखियाँ चुरा के
हमें ऐसी अदायें ना भायें
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा

देखो देखो
किसी ने ली अंगड़ाई
देखो देखो
किसी ने ली अंगड़ाई
हौले हौले
जवानी कहने आई
हौले हौले
जवानी कहने आई
हाए ना जा
सुहानी रातें बोलें
के जिया मेरा डोले
नैना मोती रो लें
हाए ना जा
सुहानी रातें बोलें
के जिया मेरा डोले
नैना मोती रो लें
मेरे लब पे हैं ये ही सदाएं
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा

ओ जी नैनों से बहता है पानी
राजा दो दिन की ज़िंदगानी
ज़िंदगानी
ओ जी नैनों से बहता है पानी
राजा दो दिन की ज़िंदगानी
ज़िंदगानी
अब आ जा
कलेजा मुंह को आए
बिन तेरे रहा ना जाये
अब आ जा
कलेजा मुंह को आए
बिन तेरे रहा ना जाये
हम राह पे अखियाँ बिछाएं
परदेस ना जा
लो आईं हैं मस्त
लो आईं हैं मस्त हवाएँ
परदेस ना जा
फिर छाईं हैं काली घटाएँ
परदेस ना जा


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3807 Post No. : 14802 Movie Count :

4048

I was not aware tat there was a film titled ‘Maya Dor’ (1949) until two days’ back. On a further scrutiny, I drew almost blank on the details of the film other than what was mentioned in HFGK. The film was produced under the banner of Ram Krishna Films Corporation, Calcutta. Names of actors, director and the genre of the film are not known.

According to HFGK, there were six songs in the film which were released on the gramophone records. Name of the lyricist for all the songs are unattributed. Fortunately, singers of all the songs as well as the name of the music director, Chitta Roy have been mentioned. The names of playback singers – Supriti Ghosh, Bechhu Dutta, Rama Devi, Kala Baran, Anima Dutta and Gauri Mitra are new to me. There was one solo song sung by Angurbala which interested me as I was aware of her name as a classical singers specialising in khayal, thumri, dadra, ghazal, naat and devotional songs.

None of the six songs listed in HFGK was available on video sharing platforms. Fortunately, I could outsource mp3 clips of two songs, one of which happened to be the song rendered by Angurbala. An interesting fact about about the singer and the music director of this song was that both Angurbala and music director, Chitta Roy were actively associated with Kazi Nazrul Islam.

Angurbala (real name, Prabhabati Banerjee) was born in the Indas village of Burdwan district (now in Bankura district), West Bengal in C.1896. Her father was an army officer. Angurbala received primary education in her village. Despite being good at study, she had to quit formal education and had to join the stage at an early age for reasons of poverty. Angurbala’s first guide in music was Amulya Majumder. Later, she took training from Ustad Jeet Prasad. She received training in Khayal and Thumri from Pandit Ram Prasad Mishra and Ustad Zamiruddin Khan.

She entered the stage as a child artist under the guidance of dramatist Nripendra Chandra Basu in dancing and singing roles. Her Dance Master was Lalit Mohan Goswami who gave her name ‘Angurbala’ for the stage. She carried on with the same name as a performing artist as well as a singer. In 1912, she entered into her professional career as a singer-actor in a Bengali drama staged by Cornwallis Theatre, Calcutta. Thereafter, she became a regular stage artist in several plays.

The Gramophone Company of India invited her to record songs. ‘Kaala Tor Tarey Kadamtolay Cheye Thaki’ and ‘Bandho Na Torikhani Amar E Nadikuley’ were her first two Bengali non-film songs to be released on records. Thereafter she became a regular with HMV, cutting innumerable discs.

In the year 1923, her first silent film ‘Indrasabha’ was released. Her first talkie was ‘Jamuna Puliney’ (Bengali, 1933) in which she played the role of Brindey. Indubala and Kamala Jharia were her co-stars in this film. Soon she made her presence felt in singing roles in Hindi films like ‘Radha Krishna’ (1933), ‘Char Darvesh’ (1933), ‘Naseeb Ka Chakkar’ (1936), ‘Maa Ki Mamta’ (1936), and some other films in many different Indian languages like Bengali, Urdu, Tamil and Telugu.

Angurbala was the first singer to sing from All India Radio, Calcutta on the very first day when broadcasting was started in 1927. Her immense popularity as a singing artist drew the attention of the Nizam of Hyderabad who specially invited her to sing in his court. In one of the discs during this period, her photo was printed on one side of a record with the photo of Hyderabad’s Nizam on the other. That was the extent she impressed the Nizam with her songs. Her stage performances continued at the same time and her songs were a source of major attraction for all those who queued up for tickets of the plays.

Angurbala’s association with Kazi Nazrul Islam broadened her music field and she recorded several songs of Nazrul gradually achieving the status of a major exponent of such songs. She was appointed as a music trainer of HMV by Kazi Nazrul Islam. She quit acting to concentrate on singing which was her first love.

Angurbala was popularly known as Sangeet Samragyee (Empress of the Music). Indubala was her close personal friend. A documentary film, titled ‘Teen Kanya’ featuring her along with two other artistes namely Indubala and Kamala Jharia was made in 1972. Apart from a Gold disc from HMV, she was awarded the prestigious Sangeet Natak Academy Award in 1983 and a honorary D.Litt from Kalyani University.

Even in advanced age, Angurbala participated in music functions and gave public performances. Sometime in 1982, she suffered a stroke that caused loss of her memory. After about 18 months, she breathed her last on January 7, 1984 leaving behind her foster son, Amal Banerjee, his wife and a treasure of her music.

I was familiar with the name, Chitta Roy, the music director who had composed a few Hindi non-filmy songs in the 1940s. He was one of the first to use Talat Mehmood for a non-filmy ghazal ‘Gham-e-Zindagi ka ya rab na mila koi kinara’ in early 1940s which was re-recorded in 1963.

Chitta (Chittaranjan) Roy was born on March 2, 1912 in Barisal (now in Bangla Desh). He passed B. Sc. (Physics) from Calcutta University with honours. But his interest was in the music. When he first went to HMV office in Calcutta in 1938 to record his maiden songs as a singer and composer, he was not allowed. Subsequently, on a request from Kazi Nazrul Islam, Chitta Roy was allowed to record his songs under the supervision of Kazi Nazrul Islam. These two songs were Bengali non-filmyl songs – ‘Ekla Ghare Dakbo Na.’ (1938) and ‘Ke jaane maa tobo maya’ (1938). With this gratitude, Chitta Roy got attached to Kazi Nazrul Islam and he became personal assistant to him.

With this association, Chitta Roy composed many Nazrul songs along with folks, modern and devotional songs. Kazi Nazrul Islam gave him a pseudonym name ‘Dilawar Hossain’ for his excellent rendition of Islamic songs. Throughout his life, Chitta Roy remained devoted to his mentor.

Chitta Roy was also associated with composing songs for a few Bengali films like ‘Nishir Dak’, ‘Krishna Kaberi,’ ‘Alibaba’ in the 1940s. He also recorded audios for Bengali plays like ‘Padmini’, ‘Chandrabati’, ‘Harishchandra’ etc. He was the visiting professor of music in Rabindra Bharti University and the Bengal Music College affiliated to the University of Calcutta.

During his last days, Chitta Roy suffered from hypertension but he did not give up his first love, the music. On the night of September 12, 1963, he suffered a heart attack. He was admitted to hospital where he breathed his last in the evening of September 13, 1963. He was 51.

The only Hindi film for which Chitta Roy composed songs was ‘Maya Dor’ (1949). I am presenting one of the rarest song ‘aayi jawaani aayi’ sung by Angurbala for the film. The lyricist is unattributed. This song has a typical Bengali music flavour close to the style of another stalwart, Kamal Dasgupta. Probably both were influenced by the music of Kazi Nazrul Islam.

With this song, ‘Maya Dor’ (1949), Angurbala and Chitta Roy make debut in the Blog.

——————————————————————————————————————————————–

Acknowledgements: The information on Angurbala is mainly based on an article written by Dr. Jyoti Prakash Guha which appeared in the Journal of the Society of Indian Record Collectors, Mumbai – Annual TRN 2008. The information on Chitta Roy was based on a Blog ‘ Chitta Roy – A Name in the World of Music’. I could not locate the name of the author of the Blog but Shibani Basu, one of the daughters of Chitta Roy seems to be associated with the Blog as her name appears as one of the contacts for suggesting the improvement on the information on Chitta Roy.

Audio Clip:

Song-Aayi jawaani aayi aayi (Maaya Dor)(1949) Singer-Angoorbala, MD-Chitta Roy

Lyrics

aayi jawaani aayi
aayi jawaani aayi
aayi
aayi jawaani aayi
armaanon ke taar milaati
jeewan swarag basaati ee ee
jeewan swarag basaati
armaanon ke taar milaati
jeewan swarag basaati ee ee
jeewan swarag basaati
dukh se dil ka dard mitaati
dukh se dil ka dard mitaati
bigdi baat banaati ee ee
bigdi baat banaati

hai anmoli(?) ghoonghat ?? ??
hai anmoli(?) ghoonghat ?? ??
aayi jawaani aayi
aayi
aayi jawaani aayi

veeraanon mein phool khilaati
soone mahal basaati ee ee
soone mahal basaati
veeraanon mein phool khilaati
soone mahal basaati ee ee
soone mahal basaati
naye naye sansaar dikhaati
naye naye sansaar dikhaati
jeewan naya banaati re
jeewan naya banaati
laakh maraz ki ek dawaai
laakh maraz ki ek dawaai
aayi jawaani aayi
aayi
aayi jawaani aayi
aayi jawaani aayi
aayi
aayi jawaani aayi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3806 Post No. : 14801

Today’s song is a very very special song. It is from film Roomal-49. Four songs from this film are already discussed. Luckily, this song was yet to be discussed, as if waiting for me. It is a duet of Mohd. Rafi and Asha Bhosle. Written by Nazim Panipati, it is composed by Hansraj Behl. HFGK is silent on the MD’s name for all songs, though there were two of them- Hansraj Behl and Aziz Khan. However, there are other references to confirm that Behl was composer for this song, namely 1. The uploader has mentioned his name 2. Rafi’s Excel sheet mentions his name and 3. Behl’s name is mentioned for this song in book ‘ Rafinama’ by Isak Mujawar.

Now, coming to the point why this song is special.The reason is….this is the First ever duet of Rafi and Asha Bhosle. Rafi had started Playback recording from 1944 and Asha started from 1948. Within one year, Asha sang a duet with Rafi in film Roomal-49. Another film Lekh was also made in 1949 and they sang in that film too, but Roomal duet was the First one to be recorded.

Incidentally, Asha and Rafi had the maximum duets in HFM. They sang a total of 806 duets from 1949. Their last duet came on the screen in film Kala Coat-1993 ( 13 years after Rafi had left us.)-MD Iqbal Gill. Asha Bhosle and Rafi created 3 records during their journey together-
1. Maximum duets – 806
2. Maximum duets in one MD’s films – 92 duets in OPN’s films.
3. Rafi-Asha maximum duets in one film- Basant-60 – 11 duets
(Ed note-The blog has 514 Rafi-Asha Duets, including this song.)

Mohd. Rafi was the only singer who sang duets with the 3 major female actor singers of the 40s. He sang with Noorjehan (Jugnu-47), Khurshid ( Aage Badho-47) and Suraiya (Kajal-48 and in 11 more films).

Besides the known and well known female singers, Rafi sang duets with some ‘ not so well known ‘ female singers too. Some of them are Laxmi Rai, Kumudini Dikshit, Lakshmi shankar, Gandhari Rane, Promodini Desai, Razia Begum, Malti Pande, Pushpa Huns, Ramola, Pushpa Pagdhare, Pratibha, Kanchan, Poornima, Meena Patki, Jyoti, Kamla Sista, Kaushi Gidwani, Savita Suman, Sumitra Lahiri, Sagarika Mukherji, Krishna Bose, Krishna Mukherji, etc etc.

Rafi sang maximum songs with Laxmikant-Pyarelal (369), followed by Shankar-Jaikishen – 341, Chitragupt-247, Ravi-235, O P Nayyar-197, Kalyanji – Anandji – 169, Naushad-149, Madan Mohan-169, R D Burman-122, Usha Khanna-114, Sonik- Omi-104 and N Dutta-102. ( all figures from book Rafinama by Isak Mujawar).

Rafi sang only 1 duet with Meena Kapoor in film Aabroo-56. There is another song having voices of Meena, Rafi,Asha and Manna Dey in Tajmahal-63). This is understandable considering Anil da’s opinion about Rafi’s singing !

Film Roomal-49 was directed by Ramchandra Thakur. He was born on 17-12-1908 at Suver ( noe Umedgadh) in Sabarkantha Dist. Gujarat. From his 9th year onwards he was educated in Bombay. He completed his M.A. in Pali language, to become a Teacher but not so good results forced him to join Film industry. He had already written articles on films. He had also translated sound recordist Minoo Katrak’s book in Hindi and Gujarati.
He joined the Marketing department of Sagar Movietone. After Baburao Patel headed that department, he was shifted as asstt. director. He co directed film Gramophone Singer, along with Virendra Desai-the owner’s son-who later married Nalini jaywant despite he being already married.

Thakur’s first film as an independent director was ‘Civil Marriage’-40, in which Snehprabha Pradhan made her debut. He worked for Ranjit, Prakash and other banners. Her directed 20 films. His last film was Nawab Sirajuddoula-67. He mainly directed Mythologicals, social and comedy films.
He was a multifaceted person. He knew and could speak 11 languages. He wrote scripts for film Baiju Bawra-52 and several Gujarati films. He also directed 2 Gujarati films. He wrote 4 research based Novels. His article on Sagar Movietone has become a reference point for researchers.
Ramchandra Thakur died on 31-10-1992. (adapted from ‘ Sagar Movietone’-Biren kothari)

The cast of film Roomal-49 was Nargis, Rehman, Jairaj, Jeevan, Badriprasad, Jillobai, Cuckoo, Jankidas etc etc.

Jillobai (real name Zuleikha Ibrahim), born in 1905, in Bombay, was a Tawayef from Delhi. She started from stage dramas and then silent films. During this period, Master Nissar was attracted towards her, but being a shrewd woman, she spurned his advances, only after lot of money was spent on her by him. She acted in more than 100  Talkie films and also sang 3 songs in 3 films initially. Her first talkie film was  India’s first Talkie film Aalam Ara-1931, in which she sang one song also. She acted in many popular films like Anarkali-35, Kissan Kanya-37, Pukar-39, Sikander-41, Taqdeer-43, Zeenat-45, Jugnu- 47, Mother India-57, Mughal-e-Azam-60 etc etc. Her last film seems to be Suhani Raat-74. (I thank Sudhir ji and Pramod Godbole ji for providing additional information) .

Nazim Panipati, who wrote the songs of film Roomal-49, along with Mulkraj Bhakri and Rupbani, was born in lahore in 1920. His real name was Muhammed Ismail Khan. He was the younger brother of Dirctor/Lyricist Wali sahab. Due to his hobby of writing shairi, he was introduced to Dalsukh Pancholi and Roop k. Shorey. He first wrote songs for Punjabi films. His first film as a Lyricist in Hindi was Zamindar-42. He shifted to Bombay and wrote 80+ songs in 25 films. His last film in India was Sheesham-52. Then he migrated to Pakistan. He wrote more than 120 songs for Pak Television and Punjabi/Urdu films. He died in Lahore on 18-6-1998.

Today’s song by Rafi, Asha and chorus looks to be a fun comedy song. Enjoy this song….


Song-Lo dum daba ke Bhaage….hamen darr kaahe ka(Roomaal)(1949) Singers- Rafi, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Nazim Panipati, MD- Hansraj Bahl
Both
Unidentified Male Voice 1, Unidentified Male Voice 2, Unidentified Male Voice 3
Chorus

Lyrics

aa
ha aa aa aa
aa aa aa
lo dum dabaa ke bhaage
warrant laane waale ae
khud ban gaye hain ulloo
ulloo banaane waale

aji haan aan aan
ulloo banaane waale
haan aan
ulloo banaane waale

haan aan aan aan aan aan aan
ulloo banaane waale
haan aan
ulloo banaane waale

ham sab ke sab
ham sab ke sab
ham sab ke sab
ham sab ke sab
hoshiyaar
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen hai darr kaahe ka
hamaara beda ho gaya paar
beda ho gaya paar

hamaara beda ho gaya paar
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen hai darr kaahe ka

paas nahin hai
paisa dhela
babu ji paisa dhela
lala ji paisa dhela
oy hoy hoy hoy
paisa dhela
phir bhi laga hua hai
mela
hai mela
ab to mangal
shukkar hafta
ab to mangal
shukkar hafta
har din hai itwaar
aji haan
har din hai itwaar
laa la
lallalalla
lallalalla laa
hamen darr aah
hamen darr ee
hamen darr ooh
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen hai darr kaah
e ka

khelo koodo naacho gaao
every thing is happy now
every thing is happy now
kuchh na kuchh to
mil jaata hai
kuchh na kuchh to mil jaata hai
naqd ho ya udhaar aar
naqd ho ya udhaar
mere yaar
khushi mein naach
tu apni maan
mere dildaar
hamen darr
hamen darr
hamen darr
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen hai darr kaahe ka

ham hain engine
tum ho lorry
dil hai armaanon ka thhaana
ham hain thaanedaar
aji haan
ham hain thaanedaar
aji haan
ham hain thaanedaar

o thhaanedaar
o thhaanedaar
o thhaanedaar
o thhaanedaaaaar
hamen darr
hamen darr
hamen darr
hamen darr kaahe ka
hamen hai darr kaahe ka

ka..ahe ka

ka..ahe ka

 


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3803 Post No. : 14796 Movie Count :

4046

Sometimes, suddenly and unexpectedly, Lady Luck smiles on you and you are so bewildered, you don’t know how to enjoy that moment of Luck. This happened in my case. I have been writing about songs in old time movies and discussing about the people who made that film, that song and the circumstances in which the movie was made etc.

Sometimes,I come across a film, about which nothing-absolutely nothing- is available. No information, no songs, nothing. This is the dead end. But like a true crusader, I continue my efforts about that film, even when, leaving it aside, I have continued with my work. At times, I strike Gold, when it is not expected and I feel like dancing in the rain !

It is not only about a song or a movie, even an actor can get me stumped and then suddenly, there is light at the end of the tunnel ! I can quote several such examples, but I will limit my discussion only about today’s film, song and the MD.

I bought HFGK in mid 2012, that is six years ago and since then film Chowrangee-42 was on my radar. I was very curious about this film, because this was the only Hindi film in which the Great Poet of Bangladesh- Kazi Nazrul Islam, had composed some songs ( 2 songs, confirmed) as a Music Director and also had written those two songs as a Lyricist.

Kazi Nazrul Islam is to Bangladesh, what Rabindranath Tagore is to West Bengal. While, to my knowledge, Tagore never wrote any Naat or a Muslim religious verse, kazi wrote hundreds of Bhajans and Geets on Lord Rama and Krishna. Though many films- Bangla and Hindi- are based on the stories or novels of Tagore, he has not contributed anything directly to any Hindi film ( I do not know about Bangla films). On the other hand Kazi has written story of film Sapera-39 and provided Lyrics and Music to film Chowrangee-42 directly. Like Tagore’s Rabindra Sangeet, it was Nazrul Geeti in Bengal. I am not comparing them. Both were great souls.

The life story of Kazi is full of ups and downs. His last few years were spent in Glory but in very bad health.There were several deaths in his family. His wife became paralytic and he spent time in a Mental Hospital in Ranchi. After the formation of Bangladesh in 1971, the new country, invited him, bestowed honours on him, declaring him ” The National Poet”. The Bangladesh government also took good care of him in his last 4 years, but he was medically unfit to enjoy his glory.

Kazi Nazrul Islam (24 May 1899 – 29 August 1976) Composer and songwriter was born in Burdwan Dist., Bengal. With Tagore he was the major influence on popular Bengali music in the 20th C. Known as the Bidrohi Kavi or Rebel Poet and directly associated with radical nationalist movements (e.g. through the journal Dhoomketu which he edited in 1922, leading to his imprisonment on a charge of sedition), his poetry constitutes the first radical intervention into Hindu and Muslim devotional music, e.g. his famous addresses to the goddess Kali, his ghazal compilations (Chokher Chatak, 1929) and Islamic devotionals (Zulfikar, 1932). Much of his music, continued by the IPTA’s Bengali song repertoire, was polemically seen as a radical-romantic use of the ‘ tradition’ (e.g. Salil Choudhury, 1955). One of the first composer-writers to sign contracts with major record companies in Bengal (for Megaphone and Senola and later HMV) and with the Indian Broadcasting Corp., opening up new employment opportunities to a generation of younger composers such as Anil Biswas, S.D. Burman, Kamal Dasgupta and even Kishore Kumar (whose song Ai ek dui tran char gili gili/bam chick boob chick badhke bol in Kehte Hain Mujhko Raja, 1975, adapts Islam’s famous Cham chiki ude gelo). Created an urban variation of tribal jhumur music for Sailajananda Mukherjee’s Pataal Puri and wrote the songs for Nandini (1941) and Dikshul (1943). Some sources credit him as director for Dhruva, in which he played the Hindu sage Narad. Started Bengal Tiger Pics with Abbasuddin Ahmed. Their film of Islam’s novel Madina remained unfinished.

A significant impact of Nazrul’s work in Bengal was that it made Bengali Muslims more comfortable with the Bengali arts, which used to be dominated by
Bengali Hindus. His Islamic songs are popular during Ramadan in Bangladesh. He also wrote devotional songs on the Hindu Goddess Kali. Nazrul also composed a number of notable Shyamasangeet, Bhajan and Kirtan, combining Hindu devotional music.

Bengali polymath, poet, writer, musician, revolutionary and philosopher. Popularly known as Nazrul, his poetry and music espoused Indo-Islamic renaissance and intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. Nazrul’s impassioned activism for political and social justice earned him the title Bidrohi Kobi (The Rebel Poet). His musical compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul geeti (Music of Nazrul). Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works through his life, Nazrul is officially recognised as the National Poet of Bangladesh and highly commemorated in India and the Muslim world.
Born into a Bengali Muslim Quazi (Kazi) family, Nazrul received religious education and worked as a muezzin at a local mosque. He learned of poetry, drama, and literature while working with theatrical groups. After serving in the British Indian Army, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Calcutta. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his poetic works, such as Bidrohi (The Rebel) and Bhangar Gaan (The Song of Destruction), as well as his publication Dhumketu (The Comet). His nationalist activism in the Indian independence movement often led to his imprisonment by British authorities. While in prison, Nazrul wrote the Rajbandir Jabanbandi (Deposition of a Political Prisoner). Exploring the life and conditions of the downtrodden masses of the Indian subcontinent, Nazrul worked for their emancipation. His poetry and music fiercely inspired Bengalis during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
During his visit to Comilla in 1921, Nazrul met a young Bengali Hindu woman, Pramila Devi, with whom he fell in love, and they married on 25 April 1924. Brahmo Samaj criticised Pramila, a member of the Brahmo Samaj, for marrying a Muslim. Muslim religious leaders criticized Nazrul for his marriage to a Hindu woman.

Nazrul’s writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution; he opposed all bigotry, including religious and gender. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories, novels, and essays but is best known for his poems, in which he pioneered new forms such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for his nearly 4,000 songs (including gramophone records), collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Songs of Nazrul), which are widely popular today. In 1942 at the age of 43 Nazrul himself fell ill and gradually began losing his power of speech. His behaviour became erratic, he started spending recklessly and fell into financial difficulties. In spite of her own illness, his wife constantly cared for her husband. However, Nazrul’s health had seriously deteriorated and he grew increasingly depressed. He underwent medical treatment under homeopathy as well as Ayurveda, but little progress was achieved before mental dysfunction intensified and he was admitted to a mental asylum in 1942. Spending four months there without making progress, Nazrul and his family began living a quiet life in India. In 1952, he was transferred to a psychiatric hospital in Ranchi. Through the efforts of a large group of admirers who called themselves the “Nazrul Treatment Society”, Nazrul and Promila were sent to London, then to Vienna for treatment. The examining doctors said he had received poor care, and Dr. Hans Hoff, a leading neurosurgeon in Vienna, diagnosed that Nazrul was suffering from Pick’s disease.It was rumoured that this was because of slow poisoning by the British Government. His condition was judged to be incurable, Nazrul returned to Calcutta on 15 December 1953. On 30 June 1962 his wife Pramila died, and Nazrul remained in intensive medical care. He stopped working due to his deteriorating health.

On 24 May 1972, the newly independent nation of Bangladesh brought Nazrul to live in Dhaka with the consent of the Government of India. In January 1976, he was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh.Despite receiving treatment and attention, Nazrul’s physical and mental health did not improve. In 1974. his youngest son, Kazi Aniruddha, a guitarist, died, and Nazrul soon succumbed to his long-standing ailments on 29 August 1976.

His Filmography – 1937: Bidyapati (Writer), 1938: Gora, 1939: Sapurey (Writer), Sapurey/Sapera (Writer), 1942: Chauranghee, Chauranghee, 1949-Chattagram Astraghar Lunthan, 1972: Padi Pishir Barmi Baksha (Lyricist) ( information adapted from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and wiki).

I was ecstatic when recently, I could lay my hands on one song of this film, composed and written by Kazi. These songs are so rare that for the last 76 years none of these songs have ever appeared on public domain, like YT etc.
Film Chowrangee-42 was a Muslim social film on a professional singer’s life, who had a Kotha on Chowrangee area of Calcutta. The film was produced by Fazli brothers, known to make films on Muslim background only. The film was directed by the younger brother- Sibtain Fazli.

The producers Fazli brothers, were the sons of Khan Bahadur S M Fazal Rabb of Beharaich- about 125 kms from Lucknow in U.P. The elder brother was Hasnain and the younger brother was Sibtain ( born on 9-7-1916). Hasnain Fazli was born on 12-1-1912 in United Province (today’s U.P.). Their family belonged to the noble Sayyads of Allahabad. Hasnain was a graduate of Allahabad University. Though his father was a Khan Bahadur, a Government Jahagirdar and lifetime Magistrate, Hasnain refused to do any service and did not complete his I.C.S. studies, as expected by the family.

He had a creative mind. He joined film line. He was very keen on making a film on Muslim Society. In those days it was considered outrageous to produce a film on Muslim society for fear of the ire of the fundamentalists. However Hasnain broke the barrier and the first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was produced and directed by him under the banner of Film Corporation of India, Calcutta. Very cleverly, the film was made at Calcutta, ( though the film depicted life in Lucknow ), and not at Bombay to avoid any disruption in the making of the film. The film was made so well that it was received very well by all strata of population, including the Muslims and became a hit film. After this Hasnain made more Muslim social films like Masoom-41, Chowranghee-42, Fashion-43 and Ismat-44. These films discussed Muslim family life and problems etc.

His first directorial film was at his 23rd year- Triya Charitra-35. Then came Sajiv Murti-35, in which the Handsome Vijay Kumar from Himachal Pradesh was the Hero. Fazli brothers also made Dil-46, Mehendi-47, Duniya-49 and Khoobsurat-52. Hasnain was so talented that he himself wrote the film stories, screenplays and dialogues usually. Sibtain Fazli directed 3 films-Chowranghee-42, Ismat-44 and Mehendi-47.

After the Partition, Fazli brothers migrated to Pakistan. Sibtain remained in Pakistan and Hasnain returned to India to make 2 more films. Later Hasnain too relocated to Lahore and died there on 16-7-1957. His brother Sibtain ( 9-7-1916 to 25-7-1985) who had directed 3 films in India, made 4 films in Pakistan, including the most popular Urdu film of Madam Nurjehan – Dupatta-52.

Film Chowrangee had 13 songs. It included 3 wonderful Ghazals- 2 by Jigar Moradabadi and 1 by Mirza Ghalib ( I have heard these songs). It will be the first time that a song from this film-in its full form- will be available on You Tube, because our Sadanand ji Kamath has uploaded it on my request. Thanks Sadanand ji.

Hanuman Prasad Sharma ( aka Hanuman Prasad Triloki. Both are same. Triloki and Sharma are surnames in Brahmins. This is like the other case. The son of Bhagatram Batish, of Husnlal-Bhagatram duo, Ashok, calls himself as Ashok Sharma.) was also a Music Director for this film. With this film he made his debut in Hindi films. Unfortunately, except for 4 songs-2 for each MD- HFGK is silent on the singer or MD’s names of remaining 9 songs, making it difficult to know the reality. However, according to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, the Lori, ” aa jaa ri nindiya ” is also composed by Kazi. May be, in future, some proof or information will emerge to confirm or clarify matters !

There were as many as 5 Lyricists for these 13 songs- Kazi Nazrul Islam, Arzoo lucknowi, Mirza Ghalib, Jigar Moradabadi and Partav Lucknowi. With this song , not only the movie, but also Kazi Nazrul Islam makes his Debut on the Blog as an MD and a Lyricist. Enjoy this historical song….


Song-Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee (Chowrangee)(1942) Singer-Unknown female, Lyrics- Kazi Nazrul Islam, MD- Kazi Nazrul Islam

Lyrics

Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

gore kaale aawen jaawen
gore kaale aawen jaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne hamse bechaare
kitne apne dil ke bande
kitne prem pujaari ee ee
kitne prem pujaari
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
seedha rasta peer hazaar
seedha rasta peer hazaar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee


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(© 2008 - 2019) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3800 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14840

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1158
Total Number of movies covered =4057

Total visits so far

  • 11,199,635 hits

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Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

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