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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Amirbai Karnataki Rafi duet’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3657 Post No. : 14518

Today’s song is from an obscure film Kul kalank-45.

If one critically looks at the artistes’ mix in Hindi films from Talkie era beginning upto 1947, one would find that, if not a majority, a sizable number was of Muslim community. The 15 % section of Indian population was prominently present in the film world. Actors, actresses, directors, singers, Lyricists and Music directors… you name a department and they were there. In a way this community enriched the film and music by bringing Ghazals, Thumris etc into the Music and dance items like Mujra and qawalis became famous and popular part of the Hindi films.

After 1947, many Muslim artistes from almost all departments of film making migrated to Pakistan, making way for artistes who were waiting in the wings-so to say- to fill the void, in Indian film world. many Muslim artistes chose to stay in India. While many divided their families into both countries ( Rafi, Kardar, Mehboob etc), there were many who shifted Lock, stock and barrel to Pakistan.

Legends like Dilip, Meena Kumari, Mehboob, Naushad and Rafi etc stayed back and enriched the Indian film industry, beyond words. One of the major specialities of this industry was ( and is ) its Secular nature. While a team of Muslim Singer (Rafi), Muslim Lyricist (Shakeel) and a Muslim Composer (Naushad) gave us an evergreen Bhajan like “Man tadpat Hari darshan ko aaj (Baiju Baawra) “, a team of Hindu composer (CR), Hindu Lyricist (Shailendra) and a Hindu Singer ( Lata ) gave us a Devotional Naat “Duaa kar gham e dil, Khuda se duaa kar(Anarkali) “.

BOMBAY- the Mayanagari of films, attracted many aspirants from all over the country. One can understand, if those who wanted to make a successful career and become famous, flocked to Bombay, but sometimes even the famous ones with a bright career already in place, also were tempted to join this industry. Some names which come readily to mind are- Pt. Ravi Shankar, the International Sitar Maestro and a Bharat Ratna-1999. He became a Music Director and gave music to 5 films….Neechanagar and Dharti ke Lal-1946, Anuradha-60, Godaan-63 and Meera-79. The famous Sarod player Ali Akbar Khan gave music to 7 films. And then, the famous Tabla player All Rakha Khan Qureshi also had a stint in Hindi films. Today’s film Kul Kalank-45 had his music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, born as Allah Rakha Qureshi, was born in Jammu and Kashmir on 29-4-1919. He was an Indian tabla player, who popularised the art of tabla playing all over the world. Allah Rakha was born to a soldier, who later returned from the army and worked as a farmer after that to earn his bread and butter. Being the eldest of seven sons, his father did not expect him to learn music and opposed his idea of learning classical music.

Ustad Allah Rakha, as a young boy of 12 years, found the instrument fascinating while visiting his uncle in Gurdaspur. His inclination towards Indian classical music and the Performing Arts made him run away to Lahore for further learning, as he found little scope of learning the art-form in his home-town. Allah Rakha studied at the Punjab school of classical music (gharana) where he became a student of Ustad Mian Khadarbaksh Pakhawaji (Mian Quader Bakshi). He was trained to be a singer under Ustad Ashiq .

Allah Rakha was also associated to theater as he lived in Pathankot for sometime and worked for a theater company. In 1930, Allah Rakha worked at a radio station in Lahore. According to reports, he moved to Delhi after six years, in 1936, to work with All India Radio. In 1940, he moved to Bombay and worked with Pandit Ravi Shankar and again on All India Radio. He was the station’s first ever tabla solo player then. After which he even composed music for 40 Hindi films from 1943 to 1958. His first film as a MD was Mahasati Anusuya-43 and the last released film was Idd ka chaand-64. He even sang 14 songs in 7 films between 1942 to 1949

Ustad Allah Rakha had married twice. He was first married to Bavi Begum and had three sons, Zakir Hussain, Fazal Qureshi and Taufiq Qureshi and two daughters Khurshid Aulia née Qureshi and Razia. Razia served him in his later years and was like a constant companion to her father. She died after a routine cataract surgery and Allah Rakha could not cope with the shock of her death and immediately slipped into a coma and passed away within 24 hours on 3-2-2000.

Zakir Hussain is one of the most renowned tabla players of India.

Allah Rakha’s son Zakir Hussain grew up to be another legend in the country. Zakir Hussain has also been honoured with the Padma Shri in 1988 and the Padma Bhushan in 2002, by the Government of India. The honour that was bestowed upon his father by the Sangeet Natak Akademi came to him as well in 1990. Hussain has been working in films and on albums in India as well as abroad. Hussain owes his career to his father, who had made sure that he remained focused on the art-form.

Ustad Allah Rakha had established the Alla Rakha Institute of Music in Bombay in 1986 and imparted his knowledge of the instrument to all his disciples in the institute. Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. He was honoured with the Padma Shri Award by the Government of India in 1977 for his contributions to elevate the reach of tabla playing as an art form across the globe. Later on, Sangeet Natak Akademi also honoured him.

Ustad Allah Rakha and sitar maestro Pandit Ravi Shankar brought classical Hindustani music to Western audiences as well. Their partnership reached legendary heights with performances at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 and the Woodstock Festival in 1969. The two performed together in a lot many festivals and elevated the respect and popularity of tabla playing as an art form. Other than Pandit Ravi Shankar, he also worked with renowned Kathak dancers like Sitara Devi and Birju Maharaj.

Ustad Allah Rakha found fans not only in India but abroad as well. Reportedly, American percussionist, the Grateful Dead’s Mickey Hart, was his huge fan. Hart always tried to learn from him even from single visits that Ustad used to make to his country. Hart was also quoted saying, “Alla Rakha is the Einstein, the Picasso; he is the highest form of rhythmic development on this planet.”

Other than the Grateful Dead drummer, Mickey Hart, Ustad Allah Rakha inspired George Harrison from The Beatles as well. Both of them performed together for a Concert for Bangladesh in 1971. Mickey Hart also collaborated with him for Rolling Thunder in 1972. The picture we have here is of Hell’s Angels member Terry The Tramp with tabla player Ustad Alla Rakha as they were set to perform together at the Monterey International Pop Festival, June 17th, 1967. He had collaborated with many prominent rock groups.

While Ustad used to generally team up with Pandit Ravi Shankar for his performances, he once collaborated with jazz drummer Buddy Rich for an album, Rich à la Rakha in 1968. Some of his greatest works have been in the form of albums Improvisations, West Meets East, Album 3 (with Ravi Shankar, Yehudi Menuhin, Jean Pierre Rampel, Martine Gelliot), Angel (1976), Master Drummers with Zakir Hussain (1991), Tabla Duet, Chhanda Dhara (1994), Ultimate in Taal-vidya, Magnasound/OMI (1996),

The cast of film Kul Kalank-45 was Shanta Hublikar, Masood, Shehzadi, Maajid, Amirbai karnataki, Dulari, Protima Devi, W M Khan, Saroj Borkar etc etc. In this list we find names of Masood, Shehzadi and Majid, who are not well known to most people.

Masood Mohammed Ansari was born on 16-2-1921 at Lahore in a respectable family. After passing the Matriculation, he joined films with screen name Shyam, but as there were already 2 actors with that name, he retained his own name shortened to just Masood. He joined Bombay Talkies on a monthly salary, but even in one year, he did not get any role in a film, so he resigned.

He did small roles in Sitara and Gunehgar -39, but was noticed in Bahurani-40. Due to his good looks and personality, he got roles with leading ladies like Sitara, Swarnalata, Nurjehan, Mumtaz Shanti, Khurshid Jr. and Shamim. He acted in society-42,Aabroo-43,Naadan-43, Raahgir-43, Ishara-43, Nagad Narayan-43, Kul kalank-45, pujari-46, Nek parveen-46 and Bhanwar-47. he got married just before partition and migrated to Pakistan, with his family.

The other name we find is of Shehzadi. Now, there was another actress Shehzadi, who was the daughter of actress director and producer Fatima Begum and sister of Zubeida (Alam Ara) and Sultana. She had done films from 1926 to 1939 only. Zubeida and Sultana were married in 1936. She also got married and left films. Actress Shehzadi of film Kul Kalank-45 was different. She was born in Bombay and knew Urdu, Hindi, English, Gujarati and Marathi languages. She joined Bombay Talkies and her Debut film was Jhoola-41. In this film she did a dance and song item with Mumtaj Ali (father of Mehmood). The song was ” Main to Delhi se dulhan laaya re “. This became a hit song. She had learned Dancing before joining films. This came handy in films. She acted in 26 films from 1941 to 1947. In film ‘ Hanso hanso,aye duniyawalon’-42, she was Gope’s Heroine. In 1947, she started her own company Ratnakar productions and made a film ” Utho Jaago’ with Hero Ashiq Hussain. After Partition, she married the Hero and migrated to Pakistan.

The third name is Majid. His name was Abdul majid Syed. he was born at Farrukhabad in U.P. in 1915. His father was an Overseer. After matric in 1929, he started his business of Leather in Akola, Maharashtra. in 1935, actor, director and producer Nazeer of Hind pictures, introduced him to S.K.Daryani and he got a small role in Sher ka Panja-36 and Sangdil samaj-36. However, from film Bulldog-37, he got side roles and lead roles in films like Gentleman daku-37, insaaf-37, Rajkumari-38, Masterman-38, Zamana-38, Mud-40, Saubhagya-40, Swami-41, Swaminath-42, he also acted in more films like Najma-43, Babar-44 and Zeenat-45.

In all he did over 100 films till 1947. After Partition, he migrated to Pakistan with Nazeer and Swarnalata.

In film Kul kalank-45, there were 11 songs. Today’s song is a duet by Ameerbai karnataki and Rafi. Mind you, in 1945, Mohd. Rafi was still a new singer. Having started only in 1944, this song was just the 7th song in his career. from his style and voice itself, one can make out that this singer was a new one. That way, this is a rare song of Rafi and a song which is not easily available.

Film Kul Kalank was re-released as ” Jeewan Chhaya ” in 1946 again. Kul Kalank-45 makes a Debut on the Blog. Listen to Rafi’s rare song.
( Credits- A.I.Directory, pakfilms.com,, CITWF.com, Times of India back issue, HFGK, MuVyz, Flash back-Isak Mujawar, Asli Nakli Chehere-V.Pandya and my notes )


Song-Topiwaale babu ne dil chheena (Kul Kalank)(1945) Singers-Amirbai Karnataki, Rafi, Lyrics-Roopbani, MD-Alla Rakkha Qureshi
Both

Lyrics

Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haay dil chheena re mora man chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
tirchhi nazron se kar ke ishaara
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
dil chheena re mora man chheena aa
dil chheena re mora man chheena
haaye dil chheena re mora man chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
kaali zulfon ka de ke nazaara
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

o o o
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya aa aa
bhari bajariya mein khenche chunariya
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya mera
haay raam
khenche chunariya aa
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maare sharam meri doobi najariya
maathhe pe aaya paseena aa aa
maathhe pe aaya paseenaa
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena
Topiwaale baabu ne dil chheena

ho o o
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
bhari bajariya mein ghoonghat nikaale ae ae
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
chalti ho kyun tum aanchal sambhaale
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena aa
dikhaati ho kyun apna seena
baanke nainon waali ne dil chheena

topi waale baabu ne dil chheena
dil chheena
dil chheena

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

GEMS FROM THE MIGRATORS…..song no. 9
———————————————-

When we talk of Partition and Migration of artistes from one country to another, only the famous and the well known names are taken. There were hundreds of small time actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who were not known to many and also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ” Who’s who: Music in Pakistan ” written by A.Shaikh and M.Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers, composers, lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.
Read more on this topic…


Just now I came across a fantastic duet song from the era gone by. What a delightful song ! A song like this can magically transport the listeners back in time to those days, even if those days happened to be days before many of us were even born.
Read more on this topic…


“Shahnaaz” (1948) is by now an obscure and forgotten movie. Little is known about this movie today.This movie was a Wahab Production movie and it was directed by S Hassan. The star cast of the movie included names like Nihar, Begum Para, Sheikh, Shanta Patel, Shyama, Gulzar, Altaf etc.
Read more on this topic…


“Shahnaaz” (1948) is an obscure movie and little is known about this movie. In fact, there is uncertainty even about the title. I have seen the title being spelled as “Shahnawaaz” too in some site.
Read more on this topic…


“Bikhhre Moti” (1951) is a movie I have little idea about. But I have gathered that this movie had actors like Jeevan, Neelam, Kamini Kaushal, Nigar, Jayant, Ranjana, Sherry etc in it. From the movie title, the movie appears to be a tear jerker movie.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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