Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Lord Ram related songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4494 Post No. : 16022

Today’s song is from the film Shri Rambhakta Hanuman-1948.

Looking back, I find that my last post was on Muslim films in India, in which I had discussed the situation rather in details. And now this post immediately on Hindu Mythology !
May sound somewhat strange, but not to me. From childhood, I developed a religious mindset, but my father ensured to impress on me that Religion is strictly a personal matter and one must decide how much importance one should give to Religion in one’s life. I have followed this principle till today and I treat all religions with the same reverence. Excess or exhibition of Religion publicly – unnecessarily – is anathema to me and I feel it must be avoided. This is my opinion.

Film Shri Rambhakta Hanuman-48 was the first of the Mythological films Homi Wadia’s Basant Pictures had made. Due to the extraordinary success of religious films from Prakash Pictures, suddenly there was a spurt in making Mythological films. Though Prakash Pictures made hit films like Bharat Milap-42 and Ram Rajya-43, in their films, the entire focus was on Shri Ram and Seeta Mai. They did not give any importance to Hanuman in their films. When I checked the credits of these two films yesterday, I found that Hanuman’s name was not there in the credits and we do not know who did that role ! Sensing this as an opportunity, the business minded Wadia made a film on Hanuman as the central character.

From the day films started getting made in India, in the silent film era, the Religious and Mythological stories were used to make films. The simple reason was Indian audience was well versed in such stories from Puranas, Ramayan or Mahabharat, from generations, all over the country. This was a common thread between various states of India. Thus, even when Talkie films started, initially, many such films were made in almost all languages. Actually, such Mythological films were a guarantee to recover the invested money and a handsome profit too !

When the influence of social films increased in the 40’s decade, religious films were made less, but it is worth noting that the most popular Religious Films ever, like Ramrajya, Bharat Milap and Har Har Mahadev etc were made during this period only.

The Best and the Golden period for Religious films was the 50’s decade- 1951 to 1960. In these 10 years, as many as 124 Religious and Mythological films were made. This works out to an average of ONE film EVERY MONTH for 10 continuous years. later on, however, making of such films tapered consistently and nowadays, Religious and Mythological stories can only be seen on the Home Television.

What is the difference between Religious and Mythological films ? Are they the same ? No, there is a difference. Films based on stories from Puranas ( which is a mix of imagination and History in symbolic way) are Mythological Films. Examples are ‘ Ganga Maiyya’ or ” Ram Hanuman Yuddha ” or ” Ram Rajya ” etc. Films based on Bhakti or Upasana , involving Historical stories, persons or happenings are Religious films. Examples are ” Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu”, ” Sant Tukaram” or ‘ Mahatma Kabeer’ etc.

Don’t be surprised by seeing the Music Director’s name in the cast. Yes he is the same person. Tripathi was not an occasional actor, but a regular one. As a Music Director, Tripathi gave music to 107 films, composing 863 songs therein. He was an All rounder. He was a story writer, composer, Producer, Director and an Actor. He even sang 13 songs in 7 films, in his early career. Tripathi directed 18 films and acted in as many as 83 films !

Though his music was good, he remained branded as a Mythological, Religious, costume and fantasy film composer. Rarely he got any social film as a MD. Even as a Director he directed only 5 Social films. His role as Hanuman in Mythological films was popular. In films where Mahipal was doing Ram’s role, Tripathi used to be the Hanuman. These were mostly Wadia films. Prakash Pictures also produced Mythological films, their films never gave importance to Hanuman. Some unknown actor was used for that role. Basant Pictures gave importance to Hanuman and Tripathi was fixed for it.

Wadia’s action, costume and fantasy films were very popular in the Middle East and Pakistan. When they made ” Rambhakta Hanuman”- in 1948, they had a problem. Partition had taken place and Pakistan was a New Muslim country. Wadia’s were worried if this Mythological film would be received well there. The major role of Hanuman was done by S N Tripathi. How to export this Hindu religious film in Muslim countries like Pakistan and the Middle East, was a major problem. A simple trick solved this problem. Wadias changed the title of this film copy for Export and it was named ” Udta Bandar ” (उडता बंदर ). With this new title the film became a Hit in that Territory !

Now coming to God Hanuman….Lord Hanuman is a Hindu god and divine vanara companion of the god Rama. Lord Hanuman is one of the central characters of the Hindu epic Ramayana. He is an ardent devotee of Rama and one of the chiranjeevis. He is also mentioned in several other texts, such as the epic Mahabharata and the various Puranas. Lord Hanuman is also the son of the wind-god Vayu, who in several stories played a direct role in Lord Hanuman’s birth.

Evidence of devotional worship to Lord Hanuman is largely absent in these texts, as well as in most archaeological sites. According to Indologists , the theological significance of Lord Hanuman and devotional dedication to him emerged about 1,000 years after the composition of the Ramayana, in the 2nd millennium. After the arrival of Islamic rule in the Indian subcontinent Bhakti movement saints such as Samarth Ramdas have positioned Hanuman as a symbol of nationalism and resistance to persecution. In the modern era, his iconography and temples have been increasingly common. He is viewed as the ideal combination of “strength, heroic initiative and assertive excellence” and “loving, emotional devotion to his personal god Rama”, as Shakti and Bhakti. In later literature, he is sometimes portrayed as the patron god of martial arts such as wrestling and acrobatics, as well as activities such as meditation and diligent scholarship. He symbolizes the human excellence of inner self-control, faith, and service to a cause, hidden behind the first impressions of a being who looks like an Ape-Man Vanara.

The meaning or origin of the word “Hanuman” is unclear. One interpretation of “Hanuman” is “one having a disfigured jaw”. This version is supported by a Puranic legend wherein infant Hanuman mistakes the Sun for a fruit, heroically attempts to reach it, and is wounded in the jaw for his attempt.

Linguistic variations of “Hanuman” include Hanumat, Anuman (Tamil), Hanumantha (Kannada), Hanumanthudu (Telugu). Other names include:Anjaneya, Anjaniputra, Kesari Nandan, Vayuputra, Bajrangbali, Sankat Mochan, Maruti, Kapishwara, Ramdoot etc etc.

In Valmiki’s Ramayana, estimated to have been composed before or in about the 3rd century BCE, Hanuman is an important, creative character as a simian helper and messenger for Rama. The character evolved over time, reflecting regional cultural values. It is, however, in the late medieval era that his profile evolves into more central role and dominance as the exemplary spiritual devotee, particularly with the popular vernacular text Ramcharitmanas by Tulsidas . According to scholars , during a period of religious turmoil and Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent, the Bhakti movement and devotionalism-oriented Bhakti yoga had emerged as a major trend in Hindu culture by the 16th-century, and the Ramcharit Manas presented Rama as a Vishnu avatar, supreme being and a personal god worthy of devotion, with Hanuman as the ideal loving devotee with legendary courage, strength and powers.

During this era, Hanuman evolved and emerged as the ideal combination of shakti and bhakti. Stories and folk traditions in and after the 17th century, began to reformulate and present Hanuman as a divine being, as a descendant of deities, and as an avatar of Shiva. He emerged as a champion of those religiously persecuted, expressing resistance, a yogi, an inspiration for martial artists and warriors, a character with less fur and increasingly human, symbolizing cherished virtues and internal values, and worthy of devotion in his own right. As Hindu monks morphed into soldiers, they often named their organizations after Hanuman. This evolution of Hanuman’s character, his religious status, and his cultural role as well as his iconography, continued through the colonial era and into post-colonial times.

According to Hindu legends, Hanuman was born to mother Anjana and father Kesari. Hanuman is also called the son of the deity Vayu (Wind god) because of legends associated with Vayu’s role in Hanuman’s birth. One story mentioned in Eknath’s Bhavartha Ramayana states that when Anjana was worshiping Vayu, the King Dasharatha of Ayodhya was also performing the ritual of Putrakameshti yagna in order to have children. As a result, he received some sacred pudding (payasam) to be shared by his three wives, leading to the births of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna. By divine ordinance, a kite snatched a fragment of that pudding and dropped it while flying over the forest where Anjana was engaged in worship. Vayu, the Hindu deity of the wind, delivered the falling pudding to the outstretched hands of Anjana, who consumed it, leading to the birth of Hanuman.

The Ramayana locates the birthplace of Hanuman in Kishkindha. Anjaneri Anjanadri (Near Hampi) in Gangavathi Taluk Koppal District, Karnataka is one of a number of places that claim to be the location of Kishkindha. ( Collated from information from the book ” The primer of Hinduism” by Dr. D.S.Sarma, pub.1922 and wiki, with thanks.)

I have seen this film many times. I liked the bhajans in this film. Trick scenes, yes, of course. But one thing…trick scenes in Shri Krishna’s films abound, but in Ram kathas, they are minimal. This is because Ram was depicted and behaved as an ordinary mortal, establishing righteousness, and upholding religion. He was a Model human being and thus called Maryada Purushottam. Whereas Krishna taught us how to act Tit for Tat with wicked persons. His principle was, lying or cheating for the right cause is OK. Krishna’s teachings seem more relevant in today’s times.

Today’s song is the fourth song from this film to feature here. In the 50’s decade Rafi must have sung maximum Bhajans in his career. As per the book ” Rafinama ” by Isak Mujawar, Rafi started singing Bhakti Geet in films from the film “Bhakta Gopal Bhaiya”-1948. Same year he also sang Muslim Bhakti geet in film Rehnuma-48 under the baton of Dhumi Khan. However, how many Bhaktigeets he sang is not recorded anywhere. Anyway, enjoy this Bhajan…


Song-O jag ko basaanewaale mere mann ki kutiya basaao (Shriram Bhakt Hanuman)(1948) Singer-Rafi, MD-S N Tripathi

Lyrics

Ram Ram
ShreeRam Shree Ram
Ram ShreeRam
ShreeRam Ram Ram

o jag ke basaaane waale
o jag ke basaaane waale
mere man ki kutiya basaao
o jyoti jagaane waale
mere man ka deep jalaao
o jag ke basaaane waale
mere man ki kutiya basaao
Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram
Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram

Jab chhodi ratan nagariya
Jab chhodi ratan nagariya
kya bhaayegi ye kutiya
Jab chhodi ratan nagariya
kya bhaayegi ye kutiya
ravi shashi chamkaane waale
ravi shashi chamkaane waale
ye jugnu bhi chamkaao
o jag ke basaaane waale
mere man ki kutiya basaao
Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram

o roop salone shyaamal
tum pawan tumhi ho baadal
tum pawan tumhi ho baadal
o roop salone shyaamal
tum pawan tumhi ho baadal
tum pawan tumhi ho baadal
saagar lahraane waale
saagar lahraane waale
man gaagar mein aa jaao
o jag ke basaaane waale
mere man ki kutiya basaao
Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram

tum raho mere nainan mein
tum raho mere nainan mein
main pada rahoon charanan mein
tum raho mere nainan mein
main pada rahoon charanan mein
maaya phailaane waale
maaya phailaane waale
maaya se mujhe bachaao
o jag ke basaaane waale
mere man ki kutiya basaao
Ram Ram bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Ram
bhaj Ram Raaam


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4468 Post No. : 15960

After a long gap, in which I discussed songs and films of the 1950’s for a few months, I am now returning to the decade of the 1940’s. I discussed songs from 25 films of the 1950’s with the last post coinciding with completion of my 8 years of writing posts on this popular Blog.

Today’s song is from a less known- rather an unknown- film, Adalat-1948. It was the first film with this title. This title was lated used by the more famous film Adalat-1958 and also in Adalat -1976.

This film was produced by Mangal Pictures. It was directed by Vasant Joglekar and the music was provided by Datta Davjekar, for songs written by Mahipal and Narendra Sharma. Yes, he is the same Mahipal who became a regular feature in 131 Hindi Stunt, Action, Costume, Historical and Mythological films. Incidentally, Adalat-48 was Mahipal’s last film as a Lyricist.

The cast of the film was Baburao Pendharkar (brother of Bhalji Pendharkar),Salvi, Jog, Madgulkar, Jaysingh, Saroj Borkar, Sudha Apte, Nalini Dhere, Shalini and Rajan (Jawale). The cast, MD, Director all singers except Mohd.Rafi were Marathi people. Most of them are unknown to Hindi audiences.

Jaysingh was the son of director Bhalji Pendharkar, from his first wife. From his second wife(Miss Leela aka Leela Chandragiri) he got another son Prabhakar. Combining the names of these two sons, Bhalji named his new studio “Jayprabha” at Kolhapur. During the riots against the Bramhins, after the murder of Gandhi, this studio was burnt, because Bhalji Pendharkar was a Brahmin. The studio was rebuilt. It was later purchased by Lata Mangeshkar,only to get embroiled in court cases with the Maharashtra Government, for a long time.

Actor Rajan (Jawle) was a Marathi actor. He is the person who lived with and looked after actress Hansa Wadkar in her later bad days in her life, till she died. Actress Nalini Dhere was a Marathi actress but had done few Hindi films like Nagad Narayan-43 etc. In Hindi film industry, at some or the other times, there were as many as 8 Nalini’s operating as actresses and singers – Nalini Tarkhad, Nalini Jaywant, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nalini Gupte, Nalini Dhere, Nalini Saraf (who became Seema Deo-wife of actor Ramesh Deo), Nalini Chonkar and Nalini Korgaonkar (singer-Jail Yatra-47).

Another actor Madgulkar was a great personality in Marathi literary field. Gajanan Digambar Madguḷkar (1 October 1919 – 14 December 1977) was a Marathi poet, lyricist, writer and actor. He was born in village Shetphal, Atpadi Taluka, Sangli district in Maharashtra. His family hailed from village Madgule in the same Taluka.

He is popularly known in his home state of Maharashtra by just his initials as Ga Di Ma (गदिमा). He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1951 and Padma Shri in 1969. He has written 157 screen plays and over 2000 songs in his career. He was called Adhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki) of the current era due to his composition of Geet Ramayan ( Ramayana in Songs) as the most notable work. 2019 was celebrated as his Birth Century year. Government of Maharashtra hosted various events and festivals to grace the occasion.

Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogues and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems have been adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet (light music), Bhawa-Geet (emotional songs), Bhakti-Geet (devotional songs), and Lawani (a genre of folk songs in Maharashtra). Madgulkar entered the world of movies in 1938 at Kolhāpur. He contributed to 157 Marathi and 25 Hindi movies. He was also an artist. He loved to draw nature scenes. Special mention must be made for the films, Jeewan Jyoti-53-S/play and dialogues, Toofan aur Diya-56- story, and Do aankhen barah haath-57-Story, S/play and dialogues.

A noteworthy fact about Madgulkar is that during his peak period in Marathi films, he created a World Record. He teamed up with Music Director Sudhir Phadke and director Raja Paranjape. Together, as a team, they gave a total of 11 Hit films,in a row in 18 years- from 1948 to 1966 … a record for a Team.

He had knowledge of 10 languages including Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu.

Madgulkar was married to Vidya (Padma Patankar, Kolhapur) and they had 3 sons (Shridhar, Anand, Sharad Kumar) and 4 daughters (Varsha, Kalpalata, Deepa, Shubhada). The popular Marathi writer, Vyankatesh Madgulkar was his younger brother.

His home in Pune (‘Panchavati Bungalow’) has become a place of attraction for his fans.

In Hindi film industry, there were many name alikes. Some of them caused serious problems of ‘Same Name Confusion”. Artistes of the same name was a common phenomenon in early cinema i.e. the 30s and the 40s. Then it diminished slowly. This matter was not only common in actors, but in other categories also. As far as Music Directors are concerned, there were so many “Datta”s as MDs. Some of them at the same time and few causing the SNC syndrome too ! There were K.Datta, N.Datta, Narayan Dutta, D C. Dutta, Dattaram and Datta Davjekar. Each one contributed to HFM to his ability.

One of these music director’s name will be written in Golden Ink, in the History of HFM. That name is DATTA DAVJEKAR. This is because he helped an all time Legend LATA MANGESHKAR, by giving her the opportunity to sing her First PlayBack Hindi song in one of his films-“Aap ki sewa mein-1947.

Dattatreya Shankar Davjekar (Born on 15-11-1915 – died 19 September 2007), better known as Datta Davjekar or Datta Daujeker , was a veteran music composer mainly associated with Marathi and Hindi movies. He studied upto Matriculation in Nutan Marathi Vidyalay.

He started working from 1931 composing songs in Melas and later in Saraswati Cinetone. Assisted Sureshbabu Mane for film ” Nandkumar’-1937. Later he assisted Govindrao tembe in Natraj company. He was called to Bombay to record all Hindi and Marathi songs for film Savangadi in marathi and Saathi in Hindi in 1938. he first gave music to ‘Municipality’ made by Brilliant Pictures.

Datta Davjekar’s father Baburao used to play tabla for live folk musical plays as well as in Urdu plays. He used to work in Arya Subodh natak Mandali. He played Pakhawaz also.

Davjekar learned how to play tabla and harmonium and thus developed an interest in music. He also started composing songs. Later, he was invited by the famous star Shanta Apte to perform on her shows. Davjekar performed at places as far off as Allahabad and Lahore.

Davjekar assisted C. Ramachandra and Chitragupta for a while. His first break came in 1941 with a Marathi film called Municipality. It was followed by Sarkari Pahune in 1942. One of the film’s songs Naache Sangeet Natwar was a big hit. Davjekar went on to work with big names in Marathi cinema, like Raja Paranjape, Gajanan Jagirdar, Master Vinayak, Dinkar Patil, Datta Dharmadhikari, Rajdutt and Raja Thakur. In 1945, he joined HMV and composed several popular marathi Bhavgeet songs,writing them himself, like ‘Tuj swapni pahile’ and ‘ kuni bai gungunle’ etc. he was known as ‘ DD ‘.

His famous films include Rangalyaa Raatri Ashyaa, Paathlaag, Pahu Re Kitni Vaat, Thoraataanchi Kamlaa, Padchaaya, Chimanrao Gundyabhau, Pedgaonche Shahane, Juna Te Sona, Sant Vahate Krishna Mai, Sukhaachi Sawali, Viasakh Vanwaa and Yashoda. His last film release was Pahaate Punyechi in 1992. His non-film song “Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” (translation: For you, oh Soldiers) was a big hit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces.

In a career spanning fiftytwo years, Davjekar composed music in several languages for sixty films, twelve plays and several documentaries. He learnt German music for composing music for the play Thank you, Mr Glad. He is credited for giving a break to many singers who became extremely popular over a period of time, including the Mangeshkar siblings, Lata Mangeshkar, Asha Bhosale and Usha Mangeshkar as well as others such as Anuradha Paudwal.

The film Maazhe Baal, released in 1943, was Davjekar’s first Marathi film with Lata Mangeshkar. He went on to introduce her to Hindi films with his song Paa Laagoo Kar Jori Re for the film Aap Ki Sewa Mein (1947).

Davjekar did four more Hindi films, Vasant Joglekar’s Adalat-48, Jeet Kiski-52,Premnath’s English-Hindi bilingual, Prisoner of Golconda-53, in which Sudha Malhotra sang, and Bal Shivaji-56 . He used to accompany Lata Mangeshkar on her foreign trips for music programmes as the chief arranger. He won Five awards for his music to Marathi films.In 1995 he was given “Lata Mangeshkar ” award, by Maharashtra Government.

On 19 September 2007 Davjekar died of a heart attack at his residence in Andheri, Mumbai.

An Obituary in One India dated 20th September 2007 says…

Family sources said Davjekar died of heart attack at his Andheri residence late last night. The funeral took place at the Oshiwara crematorium this morning and was attended by family, friends and admirers.

Condoling the death of Mr Davjekar, Lata Mangeshkar recollected that the late music composer had given her the first opportunity in playback singing in his movie “Aap Ki Seva Mein”. “Just like his music, he was a sweet human being,” Mangeshkar said.

His non-film song “Sainik Ho Tumchyaa Saathi” was a superhit and its sales proceeds went to the Armed Forces. Datta Davjekar also composed music for twelve plays including “Thank You Mr Glad” for which he learnt German music. In a career spanning more than six decades, he scored music for nearly 60 films. (Based on information from Wiki, One India, and Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar kosh, with thanks.)

I have not seen this film Adalat-48, but I know that this film was about a love marriage which went to the courts and ended happily. Today’s song is the 4th song on this Blog. It is a Rafi solo song. The prelude music and the tune suspiciously remind me of some songs, which I am not able to pinpoint right now. Maybe you will….


Song-Kyun bichhad gaye (Adaalat)(1948) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Mahipal, MD-Datta Davjekar

Lyrics

kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye jeevansaathhi
bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
ban ban vaati ee ee
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye

janam janam ka saath hamaara
janam janam ka
aa aa aa aa aa aa
janam janam ka saath hamaara
aa aa aa aa
kyun chhoda kyun bichhad gaye
man ke pankh laga kar naina
man ke pankh laga kar naina
khoj mein teri ud gaye ae
khoj mein teri ud gaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye jeevansaathi
bichhad gaye
sang sang dole
sang hans bole
ban ban vaati ee ee
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye

Seeta
Seeta
Seeta
tum kahaan ho

ro ro ban parwat se poochha aa aa aa
ro ro ban parwat se poochha
neel gagan ko ghan ko poochhaa
ghan ko poochha
neel gagan ko ghan ko poochhaa
maun khade jad chetan royen
maun khade jad chetan royen
Siya bin saare vyathhit bhaye
Siya bin saare vyathhit bhaye
kyun bichhad gaye
kyun bichhad gaye


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4447 Post No. : 15899

————————————————-
Blog ten year challenge (2010-2020)- Song Number 82
————————————————–

This date ten year ago (viz date 20 september 2010) saw six songs getting discussed in the blog. The first song was published at 6:17 and the final song of the day appeared at 7:47. In 90 minutes all the six songs of the day were done and dusted:-
Here are the details of these songs:-

Blog post number Song Movie Year Remarks
2995 Nainon ke baan ki reet anokhi Khazaanchi 1941 Movie YIPPEED by now
2996 Kehdo hamen na bekaraar kare Sabak 1950 & songs covered out of 10
2997 Tasweer banaataa hoon teri khoon e jigar se Deewaana 1952 Movie YIPPEED by now
2998 Milke baithho jodo bandhan Panchaayat 1958 Movie YIPPEED by now
2999 Ae mere hamsafar Chhabili 1960 5 Songs covered out of 7
3000 Maa mujhe apne aanchal mein chhupaa le Chhotaa Bhai 1966 2 songs covered out of six

Out of six movies whose songs were covered that day, three movies have been YIPPEED by now. That leaves us with as many as three movies that are eligible for today’s Blog ten Year Challenge.

“Chhota Bhai”(1966) is one of the three eligible movie for BTYC. This movie had made its debut in the blog ten years ago. and that was no ordinary debut. The song of “Chhota Bhai”(1966) that was covered that day happened to be the 3000th song for the blog. Not just that, the song was Lata Mangeshkar’s 1000th song in the blog as a playback singer. She was the first artist to reach four figures in the blog on that day. Subsequently, she has been joined in this select list by three more singers and three lyricists.

“Chhota Bhai”(1966) was was directed by K P Atma for Olympic Pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Rehman, Nutan, Mahesh Kumar, Lalita Pawar, Nazeer Hussain, Jageerdaar, randheer, Sulochana Chatterjee etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it, Two songs have been covered in the past. Here are the details :-

Song Date of posting
Maa mujhe apne aanchal mein chhupaa le 20 september 2010
Raam tu sab ka rakhwaala 19 February 2019

As discussed above, “Chhota Bhai”(1966) made its debut in the blog ten years ago on this day. That article was written by Raja.

Today as part of “Blog Ten Year Cahllenge”, here is another song from “Chhota Bhai”(1966). The song is sung by Lata. Anand Bakshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Laxnikant Pyarelal.

HFGK mentions this song as just one song. But the movie has this song in two versions-happy version and sad version. In both versions some unidentified voice can also be heard.
Both versions are lip synced by Nutan. Rehman, Mahesh Kumar and Lata Sinha can also be seen in both versions. Lalita Pawar is visible in the sad version.

Lyrics of the song and other details were sent by Prakashchandra.

Happy version

Sad version

Song-Bhagwaan ne apne jaisa har ik insaan banaayaa (Chhota Bhai)(1966) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal
Unknown voice
All

Lyrics

——————————–
Happy version
——————————–
Picturised on Nutan, Rehaman, Mahesh kumar,Lata Sinha
Singer:Lata Mangeshkar, Unidentified voice
(Lata +Unidentified voice=Together)
Lyrics of video link:(longer than the audio link)

bhagwaan ne apne jaisa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisa
har ik insaan banaayaa
ye jhoothh kidhar se aaye
ye paap kahaan se aaaa..aayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisa

woh kyaa hai ek kirann hai
jo door karey andhiyaarey
jo door karey andhiyaarey
baantein uss kaa ujiyaaa.aaara
ye sooraj chaand sitaare
uss ne har jot jagaayee..ee
uss ne har deep jalaayaa..aaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaayaa..aaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa

jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam
jai jai raam
jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam

duniya mein janam khud lekar
jeevan ki reet banaa..aayi
jeevan ki reet banaayi
bann`ke khud meet sabhee..ee ka
eeshwar ne preet banaayi
jeevan dene waaley ne ae ae
jeenaa bhi hamein sikhlaa..aayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaa..ayaa
ye jhoothh kidhar se aaye
ye paap kahaan se aa..aayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaayaa..aaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisa

jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam
jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam
jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam

———————————
Sad version
———————————
(le jaa kaali)

aaa…aaaaa..aan….aaan
aaa…aaaaa…aaa..aaa…aa

bhagwan ne apne jaisa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaa..ayaa
ye jhoothh kidhar se aaye
ye paap kahaan se aayaa..aa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisa

sansaar ke iss aangan mein
phailaate hain jo andhiyaaraa
phailaate hain jo andhiyaaraa
woh yaad rakhein poochhega
unn se ik din ujiyaaraa
maine to jot jagaayee..eee
tumne kyun deep bujhaa..aayaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik insaan banaayaa aa aa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisa

jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam
jai jai raam jai jai raam jai jai raam

jo pyaar kabhi na tootaa
woh pyaar thha raam lakhan mein
woh pyaar thha raam lakhan mein
mehlon mein saath rahein aen aen woh
aur saath rahein woh vann mein
kyun raam ne aaj na jaaney
kyun raam ne aaj na jaaney ae ae aen
kyun raam ne aaj na jaaney
kyu..ooon raam ne aaj na jaaney ae ae ae ae
kyon raam ne aaj na jaaney ae ae ae
Lachchman sey haath
chhudaa..aayaa
ye jhoothh kidhar se aaye
ye paap kahaan se aayaa..aaa
bhagwaan ne apne jaisaa
har ik
insaaa..an banaaa..aaayaa..aaaa…aaaa..aaa….aaa


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4377 Post No. : 15722 Movie Count :

4334

Hullo Atuldom

‘Lav Kush’ (1997) is a story of the twin children of Devi Seeta and Lord Rama. They were born after Seeta is banished to the jungle in Uttar Ramayana i.e. the last chapter of the epic ‘Ramayana’. Lord Rama is unaware of the birth of his sons in Sage Valmiki’s ashram where Seeta is taken care of, and the children grow up as ‘muni kumars‘ who are trained to be proficient in military skills as well.

There have been many movies and serials in almost all the Indian languages, with ‘Luv Kush’ as the central theme. A search for ‘Lav Kush’ or ‘Luv Khush’ on google comes up with 10 results or 10 instances when the story has been used by the entertainment world in the form of movies animation series and TV series (there may have been more). The last of these was an animation series for children in 2012.

The first time the story was used was may be in 1951, a movie by Nanabhai Bhatt where Nirupa Roy was Seeta and Prem Adib was Ram. Then There was a movie in 1967 where Jayshree Gadkar played Seeta to Ashim Kumar’s Ram. There was a short film by K A Abbas in 1972 with Lav Kush as the story. ‘Lav Kush’ in 1974 spoke Telugu. There was a ‘Lav Kush’ in 1997 with Jaya Prada as Seeta and Jeetendra as Ram. Interesting trivia about this movie is that Jayshree Gadkar (Seeta of ‘lAV kUSH’ 1967) played Kaushalya. In fact Jayshree Gadkar has played Kaushalya in the TV series ‘Lav Kush’/ (1988) as also the ‘Ramayana’ Doordarshan serial.

Now the regular followers of this blog may be wondering why I have taken up this part of ‘Ramayana’. Well, last week I saw a movie on one of the satellite channels. When I discovered it, I saw the cute boys – Master Adil and Baby Shrestha playing Lav and Kush – regaling the courtiers of Ayodhya by their rendition of the Ramayana. But they get angry when they come to know that Seeta Mata has been banished by Ram and they question him about his being addressed as ‘maryada purushottam‘. They walk out of Ayodhya and go straight to their mother and report all that they saw in Ayodhya. They are pacified by sage Valmiki and I jolted into “Who is playing Valmiki?”

I mean, I was used to seeing that actor as a badman, good friend, benevolent grandfather, strict father, uncle, even a war-veteran but never had I thought that this versatile actor had done a mythological role. I have heard stories of how people of a certain generation never gave their children this popular actor’s name. I am sure the readers have guessed that I  am referring to Pran Saab.

So we have Pran Krishan Sikand (12 february 1920 – 12 July 2013) who played a wide variety of roles beginning with playing the hero to Noor Jehan in ‘Khandaan’ of 1942, going on to play a badman in umpteen movies and then changing track to become ‘Malang Chacha‘ in ‘Upkaar’ (1967).

Personally, I first saw him as a strict father to Rishi Kapoor in ‘Bobby’ (1973) and then as a grandfather trying to get familiar with his grand children in ‘Parichay’ (1972). Though ‘Parichay’ was an earlier film and I may have seen it in the theatre as a child in arms, but I sure I saw it with full awareness when Bombay Doordarshan telecast it on their Sunday evening show. In fact I may have seen many of his pre-70s movies on the television and got scared too of the characters he portrayed.

Some of his scenes are forever etched in the mind; like the one in ‘Guddi’ (1971) where he tells Utpal Dutt – “It is a pleasure getting beaten by a person like Dharmendra, imagine I have been beaten up by heroes half my size”. (I tried to locate this scene as a video clip on YouTube but failed, because the punch of the dialogue gets lost-in-translation). That scene in ‘Don’ (1978) where he is escaping from the goons with his children and is confronted by Amitabh – an outstanding  scene. But the most memorable scene (IMHO) is the one from ‘Zanjeer’ (1973)  where he faces the inspector played by Amitabh for the first time. There are many such memorable scenes that I am sure, are the personal favorites of the blog-followers.

Similarly every one will have a favourite song which has been filmed on Pran Saab. “Phir Na Kehna Micheal Daroo Pee Ke Danga Karta Hai“; “Bolega To Bologe Ke Bolta Hai“; “Yaari Hai Imaan Mera“; “Kasamein Vaade Pyaar Wafa Sab Baatein Baaton Ka Kya“; “Jeevan Ke Din Chhote Sahi Hum Bhi Bade Dilwale“; or the evergreen “Do Bechare Bina Sahaare Dekho Poochh Poochh Kar Haare“. There are also songs where the heroine, with the help of the hero, has made Pran Saab sing and dance and make a buffoon of himself- “Dil Ki Umangein Hain Jawaan“; and can one forget him in that song from “Half Ticket” where he says “Aake Seedhi Lagi Dil Pe Jaise Katariya“.

It is very easy to visualize him as a sage only thing is I was unaware of this movie or the fact that he played the Valmiki, that is why I was pleasantly surprised. And he had a song here too. Now that means it has to be on our blog too. Here it is sung by Suresh Wadkar, written by Dev Kohli and Raam Laxman is the music composer. It comes towards the end of the movie when Seeta has heard that Ram is undertaking the ‘Ashwamedha Yagya‘ and she is wondering how it can be undertaken in the absence of the better half. And Sage Valmiki sings this to make her see the reality of Ram.

A few thoughts crossed my mind as I was seeing this video to jot the lyrics: never seen Pran in this getup (this I have already said), there is an earnestness seen when he does the alaap part of the song, his expressions explain why he had had such a long run in the movies.

Remembering Pran Saab on his anniversary.

Video

Audio

Song – Karo Nahin Sandeh Ram Par  (Lav Kush) (1997) Singer – Suresh Wadkar, Lyrics – Dev Kohli, MD – Raam Laxman

Lyrics 

aaaa aaaaa

ram ram ram

karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh
karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh
sada raha hai sada rahega aaaaaa
aaaaa aaaaaaaa 
aaaaa aaaaaa aaaaaa
sada raha hai sada rahega
tum par unka nae..ae..ae..aeh
karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh

ek vachan hai ek karm hai
ek ram ka baan
ek vachan hai ek karm hai
ek ram ka baan
ek patni ka vrat hai unka aaaaa
aaaaa aaaaaa aaaa
ek patni ka vrat hai unka
karein jagat kalya..aa..aan
karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh

yadi ve dharm tyag dein apna
chhand badal de gaayan
aaaaa
yadi whe dharm tyag de apna
chhand badal de gaayan
janm vyarth ho jaaye mera
aaaaaa aaaaaa aaaa
aaaaaaa aaaaaa
janm vyarth ho jaaye mera
vyarth meri ramaya..aa..aa..n
karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh
sada raha hai sada rahega
tum par unka nae..ae..h
karo nahin sandeh ram par
karo nahin sandeh

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

करो नहीं सन्देह राम पर
करो नहीं सन्देह
करो नहीं सन्देह राम पर
करो नहीं सन्देह
सदा रहा है सदा रहेगा
आsssss
आssss आssssssss
आssss आsssss आsssss
सदा रहा है सदा रहेगा
तुम पर उनका ने॰॰ए॰॰ए॰॰एह
करो नहीं सन्देह राम पर
करो नहीं सन्देह

एक वचन है एक कर्म है
एक राम का बाण
एक वचन है एक कर्म है
एक राम का बाण
एक पत्नी का व्रत है उनका
आsssss
आssss आsssss आ
एक पत्नी का व्रत है उनका
करे जगत कल्या॰॰आ॰॰ण

यदि वे धर्म त्यागी दें अपना
छंद बादल दे ज्ञान
आsssss
यदि वे धर्म त्यागी दें अपना
छंद बादल दे ज्ञान
जन्म व्यर्थ हो जाये मेरा
आssss आsssss आsssss
आssss आssssssss
जन्म व्यर्थ हो जाये मेरा
व्यर्थ मेरी रामायण

करो नहीं सन्देह राम पर
करो नहीं सन्देह
करो नहीं सन्देह राम पर
करो नहीं सन्देह


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4354 Post No. : 15670

Today’s song is from the film Sant Tulsidas-1939. The first film on Tulsidas came in 1934, the second in 1939 and the third in 1972. In all, there were 13 films on various saints of India. Sant Dnyaneshwar (40, 64, 81), Sant Janabai-49, Sant Raghu-57, Sant Ravidas-2007, Sant Ravidas ki amar kahani–83, Sant Sakhu-41, Sant Tukaram-48 and Sant Tulsidas-34, 39, 72.

Basically, Indians are religious minded, – Indians means, of any religion, be it Hindu, Muslim or Christian or any other faith. Our common culture is like that. Most traditions are similar in all religions in India. For example, Hindus say ” Atithi Devo Bhava ” (अतिथी देवो भव ). Guest is God. All Indians, irrespective of their religions, give due respect to their guests. ” Respect the elders ” is another tradition. This too is followed by every Indian-of any religion- in India. Sometimes I feel, in India, our lives are more governed by the culture than religion. One can occasionally find an Atheist, but you can never find an Indian without following culture and traditions. This is a major difference between an Indian and the other Nationals.

If you take a look at our religion, it is not just ‘ one of the ‘ , but the only tolerant religion in the world, which is also adaptive to times. There is enough elasticity in Hinduism to make suitable changes in the implementation of Karmkand, as per the needs of the times. This has made it survive for thousands of years. For example, once Untouchability was a great ill, but due to the hard work of our saints over the years, this is eradicated. Women’s entry into temples, only Male Pujaris and several such matters are corrected and accepted. The main principle is ” different religions are different roads to reach God “. So, every road is respected. Due to this principle, with 80 % population of one religion, many other religions have happily thrived here. What’s more, in most eras, Minority rulers were accepted by the Majority.

Our culture allows opposition to its principles. It respects the ” other ” point of view too. In which other country would you find temples for its religious enemies ? Only in India, you have not just one, but several temples of villains like Ravan, Duryodhan, Shakuni etc. There is a Ravan temple one each in Bisrakh-U.P., Mandsaur-M.P., Kakinada in A.P. and in Jodhpur-Rajasthan- where Ravan is considered as their Son In Law, because Mandodari was born here.

There is a Duryodhan Temple in Kollam, Kerala and a temple for Shakuni also in the same town. There are also other temples like for Gandhari in Mysore, Karna in Uttarkashi, Hidimba in Manali-H.P., Draupadi in Bangalore and also for Jatayu in Nashik district !

The point I am trying to stress is that in India, several saints came, but none has preached hatred against other religions. They all taught us good ways of living with all and how the ultimate aim should be to be with God. Sant Tulsidas was also no different than others . His biggest work was to translate Valmiki Ramayan into an easy to understand common man’s language.

Film companies developed interest in making saint movies, when Prabhat’s Marathi film ‘ Sant Tukaram ‘-36 became successful. It won praise throughout the world, won several awards and the international Film Festival at Venis declared it as one of the 3 Greatest films of the world ! The film ran for 57 weeks at Central Talkies, Bombay and all over India, it grossed over 7 lakh rupees in those days. The acting of Vishnupant Pagnis in this film was appreciated much.

Considering all this, the commercial potential of such films was understood by Sardar Chandulal Shah of Ranjit Films. He decided to make a Bilingual film on Tulsidas, with Pagnis in the lead role. However Pagnis was on contract with Prabhat films. Chandulal met Shantaram and negotiated a deal to borrow Pagnis and story writer Shivram Vashikar for film Tulsidas.

The director of the film was Jayant Desai and MD for the Hindi version was Gyan Dutt and for Marathi it was Vishnupant himself. As against 14 songs in the Hindi version, there were 21 songs in Marathi version. Almost all songs of this film became popular. The Prabhat film Tukaram was devoid of any Miracles or trick scenes, but Chandulal decided to include as many trick scenes and Miracles, as possible in film Tulsidas.

The songs were written by P L Santoshi and Pt. Indra. For Marathi version, S A Shukla was the lyricist. Naren Mukherji was the assistant to Gyan Mukherjee for this film. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Leela Chitnis, Keshavrao Datey, Bandopant Sohoni, Ram Marathe, Vasanti, Kantilal and others.

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place Chikodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. He was a popular artiste doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘Jagchitradarsh’, only to wind up after two years in 1915. He continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting. In 1920, he worked in a silent film, Surekha Haran. In this film V Shantaram had also acted. After this he worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellery shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portrayed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full houses in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. He became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaram, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in 4 more such films, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music to 2 films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39 (Marathi). These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did 4 more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries, when this film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 40s.) Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries. Many books, essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

The story of Tulsidas is well known. Ranjit Studio’s big-budget miracle-laden saint film was on Tulsidas (16th C.), who rewrote Valmiki’s Ramayana in Hindi. To the despair of his teacher Narahari Guru (Sohoni), who hopes that Tulsidas (Pagnis) will make the classic text accessible to the people, the poet spends time with his beloved wife Ratnavali (Chitnis). The dramatic pivot of the story comes when Tulsidas discovers his life’s location amid howling wind and a river in spate. He becomes an ascetic and settles down in Benares where his translation threatens the Brahminical clergy, until then sole proprietors of the wisdom of the Sanskrit text. Their representative, Batteshwar Shastri (Datey), persecutes Tulsidas who is rescued through divine intervention.

Today’s song is a solo song by Vishnupant Pagnis. It is dripping with Bhakti Ras.

(Ack: information for this post is culled, with thanks, from books – ” A Primer of Hinduism” by D S Sarma, Santpatanchi Santwani (संतपटांची संतवाणी ) by Isak Mujawar, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and my notes)


Song-Mujhe Raam se koi mila de (Sant Tulsidas)(1939) Singer- Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyricist- P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

Raam se koi mila de…
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein
koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein

koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
aisi jyot jagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4302 Post No. : 15566

Today’s song is from film Ram Vivah-49. This is a duet song by Manna Dey and Geeta Roy. This is the first ever duet of these singers, in their career.

Geeta, who debuted via a chorus song in 1946, won some fame with her songs in film Do Bhai-47, with music by S D Burman. However till about 1950 or so, she was still struggling to make a place in the film line. She had to compete with singers like Lata and Asha as well as Shamshad, Amirbai and Zohrabai too. Manna Dey was an occasional singer, struggling very hard to get established as either a singer or a Music Director. Good sense prevailed and he realised that singing was his forte and he concentrated on it,later. He is one of my favourite singers, who had all the merit and talent, but not a strong Luck ! He became a preferred singer for composers, whenever a Bhajan, religious song or a high pitched song was to be sung.

Film Ram Vivah-49 was was produced by Prem Adib Productions and it was the only film directed by him ever. This film came after the eminently flop film Raambaan-48, made by Prakash pictures. Actually, it was Prakash pictures who had earlier made two very successful film on Ramayan stories, namely Bharat Bhet-42 and Ramrajya-43. Enthused with the success of these two films, Prakash decided to complete Triology with one more film on Ram and Seeta. They waited for 5 years and then made Raambaan-48. The glaring mistake they made was in the film story. The first two films were largely true to the original Valmiki Ramayan. While making Raambaan, they employed their story department authors-Mohan lal Dave and Pt.Girish. They messed up with the story and made it into a poor and distorted version of Ramkatha. This caused the failure of film Raambaan-48.

Learning a lesson from this, Prem Adib stuck to the original Valmiki Ramayan. In fact the Credits show Valmiki’s name for ‘ Story ‘. Additionally, the cast consisted of almost same team with Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Jeevan, Umakant, Shanta Kumari and others. Music director was Shankar rao Vyas and Lyricist was Moti, B.A. (actually he was an M.A.).

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After film Rambaan-48, Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame,popularity and the Box office returns, Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, as Ram and Seeta.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and wide spread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 300 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number.

Actor Umakant played the role of Laxman even in this film. In all he played this role in 7 films. Similarly, actor Jeevan, who first time played the role of Narad in Bharat Milap-42, played Narad in almost 100 films in his career ( it was like Jagdish Raj playing role of Police Inspector or Iftekhar playing Police Commissioner or Murad playing a court Judge in Hindi films).

In my last post (on film Bharat Milap-42), I had mentioned about difficulty in getting information on practically unknown actors.This is a major problem for people ,like me, who are students of vintage films and its people. Another big problem is “same name confusion”, caused by artistes having similar sounding names . In early cinema era as we all know, most artistes came form lower strata of society as members of respectable families were not ready to join this ‘ lowly’ film line. This applied mostly for women folk. Among these families of Tawayafs and singers, there were limited names recycled. Some examples are Noorjehan, Khursheed, Zubeida, Shehzadi, Naseem etc etc. This caused problems and confusions. This problems was also among Male artistes at a lesser rate. Names like Asit Sen, N Datta, Rajkumar, Shyam etc are some examples. It was not restricted to Muslim artistes only. There are examples like Nalini, Leela, Ranjana, Rajkumari etc . I would say the ratio was 60:40 for females and Males.

At one given time, there were as many as 8 to 10 Nalinis working in films. Similarly there were several Shantas in films. Few examples are Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta kumari (stuntwali), Shanta kumari (Socialwali),Shanta Patel etc. Luckily, there was no Same name confusion, as these Shantas were using their surnames. Shanta Mujumdar acted only in Prabhat bilingual films. She later married writer Pt. Mukhram Sharma. Shanta kumari and Shanta Patel were stunt actresses. Socialwali Shanta kumari stopped working in 1936…before stuntwali came in. Socialwali married and became Shanta Kothari and worked in 3 films with this name.

Today, we will know more about Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta kumari), who acted as Kaushalya in 3 films after marriage. She is one of those artistes about whom information had to be culled from multiple sources, with great efforts. She was born in 1904 in a large family. Her father Motilal was Principal of a college, but mother was a Tawayef. She studied in English medium. After father’s death, her mother started teaching her dancing and singing. Soon she was singing for customers.

She was very beautiful looking. She entered film line at the age of 16 years, i.e. in 1920. She acted in Silent films made by various companies like Sharada, Great Eastern,Ranjit, kohinoor, Shri krishna film co and krishnatone etc.Some of her silent films were, Kala pahad-27, with master Vithal, Bhai ya kasai-28,Pilgrims of Love-29, Kumud Kumari-29, Prince Charming-30 with E.Billimoria and Castles in the air-30. Other films were Loves of Mughal Prince, Drums of Love, Pyari Jogan, Pardesi Sainya, Prem yatra, Rasili Radha, Maujeli Mashuqa, Shaikh Chilli etc etc. In 1930 she went to Calcutta and worked in film Shrikant also.

Due to her good looks, dancing and singing skills,she effortlessly entered Talkie film era. Her first talkie was krishn Cinetone’s Heer Ranjha-31. It was followed by Chintamani-31,Krishnavatar-32, Lanka Dahan-33, Hatim Tai-1-33, Simhasan-34, Sant Tulsidas-34, Kashmeera-34, Aaj kal-34, Bal hatya and Prem yatri-36. She sang on A.I.R. Bombay frequently. In film Sant Tulsidas, she sang equally with a stalwart like G.N.Joshi, with ease. She sang 21 songs in 8 films in her career.

She took a break from films and she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. She became Shanta Shantaram Kothari after marriage.In 1941, when film Bharat Milap was being planned, Prakash Pictures requested and she worked in that film as well as Ramrajya-43 in the role of Kaushalya. After 5 years when Prem Adib requested, she again worked in film Ram Vivah-49. However, she stopped films after that.

I could not get further information about her after this period, but we have all information about her film career. (For information used here, I thank Isuru Udayanga Kariyavasam, V.S.Nigam’s article on http://www.medium.com, books- Beete kal ke sitare-S.Tamrakar, Early Hindustani talkies-P.Kamalakar, muVyz.com, CITWF, HFGK and my notes)

The Music Director of film Ram Vivah-49 was Shankar Rao Vyas. After the success of films ‘ Narsi Bhagat-40’ and ‘ Bharata Milap-42’, Vyas rode on the Pinnacle of his career with the popularity of Ramrajya songs. Vyas was a very hard working person. Once while recording songs of film ‘ Vikramaditya’-45, he needed Echo effect in the song ‘ Om Jai Jai Shankar’. In those days, the recording studios were not equipped with such facilities. Vyas searched and found out a Temple having a big Dome in the obscure suburb Jogeshwari in Bombay and recorded this song in that Temple at 2 am in the midnight when it was very quiet !

Ramrajya-43 was the most successful musical film of that era. When Prakash Pictures planned to produce Ramrajya again in 1967, the MD was Vasant Desai. Before recording film’s first song Desai garlanded the photo of Shankar Rao Vyas and then only started the work, seeking his Blessings. Ramrajya had also the distinction of being the only film in the world which Mahatma Gandhi saw in his life. It is said that he was pleased with its songs very much.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Today’s song indicates that Shankarrao Vyas tried hard to be with the changing tastes of his audience. The song has a faster tune and music.


Song-Dhanya Dhanya hai Avadhpuri (Raam Vivaah)(1949) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Lyricist- Moti B A, MD- Shankarrao Vyas
Both

Lyrics

Dhanya dhanya hai avadhpuri
Dhanya wahaan ki phulwaari
Jahaan Raam ne janam liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Avadhpuri ke uttar dish
Saryu ki dhaara behti hai
Raaja Dashrath raaj karen aur
Praja chain se rehti hai ae
Praja chain se rehti hai

Ann dhan se bharpoor Ayodhya
Teen lok se hai nyaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Chham chham karti chali kaamini
Hai solah singaar kiye
Aankhon mein sansaar liye
Haathon mein sundar haar liye
Satvanti hain sabhi naariyaan
Sat par apne balihaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Raam Lakhan aur Bharat
Shatrughan
Chaar ratn hain raaja ke
Jinmein sabse bade raam hain
Pran piyaare parja ke ae
Pran piyaare parja ke
Raam liye dhanu-baan raakshason ke
Marne ki hai baari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4299 Post No. : 15558

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-1942. It is sung by G M Durani and the music is by Shankar Rao Vyas, for lyrics written by Pt.Indra.

Few years back, I remember, Dr. Surjit Singh ji had published a list of 7000 names of actors, who had acted in films from the beginning till up to the year 2000. He had found this list on a site which was no more existing. I had meticulously copied that list on my Laptop, in the year 2010. Since then, I have changed my Laptop 3 times and now I do not find this list with me anymore. God knows when it got deleted or was left out uncopied, sometime.

Of course, that is not the point at all. I wonder how so many people joined an industry which did not provide any security, nor did it assure continuous earnings. Leave aside the stigma of working in” films” in olden times, but this industry neither had permanent jobs nor a fixed income. Take a look at any film-Silent or Talkie-only a handful people were credited. Later in the Talkie films, this list became larger. One can see this in any volume of HFGK of 30s or 40s. But then, if you exclude the names which got repeated in films, the total list of actors may not cross 2-3 thousand,perhaps.

Barring the main and known actors, most other actors are not even identifiable for the general public. Names without faces! Such actors constitute the bulk of numbers in the industry. If you take a look at the cast of a film, more than half of names are unknown or known by only repeat value in many films. These names have no faces. Information about them is not available in any books. They remain only names, replaced by other names after few years. The extras or junior artistes who are seen on screens in many scenes, throughout the film are also members of the industry.

There are some groups on Fb, who have experts among them. These people keep on identifying obscure faces on screen scenes and name them. One glaring crusader in these specialists is M N SARDANA ji, who writes short notes about almost unknown actors seen on the screen as judges,lawyers, police inspectors, beggars, villain cronies and people in such insignificant roles. Hats off to him and people like SANDEEP PAHAWA ji, whose comments are lapped up by readers. I may be one of the dedicated readers of their notes and comments on Fb.

Like any other language, there are writers and authors in Marathi too, who write on old films and old actors etc from the vintage Hindi films. One such author calls himself ” Babu Moshoi “. His articles are published regularly in newspapers, magazines etc. He has written several books. His real name is Hemant Desai. Another such writer in Hindi and Gujarati is Vithal Pandya. I have many such books in my library. Through these books I get to know old actors and their information, sometimes. I get surprised at many names as I read about some names about whom I had never known. For example, do you know who did King Dashrath’s role in films Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43, or the role of Kanva Muni in film Shakuntala-43 ? Who was the actress in Kaushalya’s role in Ramrajya-43 or Ram Vivah-49 ?

This actor was I.T.Nimbalkar and this actress was Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta Kumari). These were artistes from Silent film era, spilled over the Talkie films. They started as Hero and Heroine, but shifted to character roles, as the time went by. In our film industry, such cases are not new. In fact such type of actors who remained practically unknown to later generations of audiences, were highly respected by film people during shootings. Their seniority and work was respected.

This is a very good practice in the industry, by directors and other actors to give respect to old timers. Raj Kapoor used to send his car to fetch Bhudo Advani for shootings of film Boot Polish scenes. Hrishikesh Mukherjee kept special chair for Master Shiraz, during the shooting of film Guddi. He also ensured to feature Shiraz in the film credits. These are only samples to stress what I have said. Not every such matter is published but it is a special feature of the industry.

I try to gather information on such unknown and forgotten artistes and write on them. Not everytime I am successful, but I have written about many such actors, directors, MDs etc. Some of them are Omkar Devaskar, Zunzar rao pawar, Ganapat rao Bakare, Shankar rao Vazare, Naseem Junior, Shamim Jr, Altaf, Urmila, Ranjana, kusum Deshpande, Vasant rao Thengadi, Jamshed ji etc etc. Today, we will know more about one such old time actor who was prolific and worked in films of Bombay and Calcutta.

I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra, Sinhagadh etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra, Subah ka tara, Parchhain, Teen batti char rasta, Toofan aur Diya, Z Z Payal baje. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein, prarthana,Nal Damayanti, Seedha Rasta, Gokul, Apna Ghar, Maharathi karna, Seeta Swayamvar. He worked in pyasa, Mera Naam Joker, Amar prem etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu moshoi)

Film Bharat Milap-42 was directed by Vijay Bhatt (12-5-1907 to 17-10-1993). The film was made under their own banner Prakash Films. Prakash Studios was built in 1934 at Andheri. The first film to be made there was ‘Actress’ (Bambai ki Mohini), written and produced by Vijay Bhatt. The famed torch of Prakash Pictures continued to shine over decades and in all, 64 films were produced in various genres, in black and white as well as colour.

Vijay Bhatt played an important role in the careers of some major stars. He was the person who gave Mehzabeen (Meena Kumari),the name Baby Meena.

He also gave her the first major heroine’s role in Baiju Bawra-52.Till then she did roles in B and C grade films. O K Dar Kashmiri was given the name ” JEEWAN “, when he did Narad’s role in Bharat Milap. Later he did Narad’s role in over 100 films. Suraiyya got her big singing role in Station Master-42. Manoj Kumar was made hero in Himalaya ki God mein-65.

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-42. This was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi(as Bharat-Bhet). Main characters were Prem Adeeb as Ram, Shobhana Samarth as Seeta and Shahu Modak as Bharat. Durga khote was Kaikeyi, Vimla Vashishta was Manthara and Nimbalkar as King Dashrath.

The story of Bharat Milap is too well known and it is to the credit of Bhatt brothers that they kept the story line true to original,supported by several books and curators as well as scholars. This was the first major mythological film of Prakash and they did not spare efforts or money to raise spectacular sets, costumes and war scenes ( when Bharat is attacked by Nishad raja’s army).

It was a delight to see this film. There were no scenes of Miracles. I saw this film in its second run, sometime in the end of 40s, but the memories are still fresh. In fact this film became a benchmark for all subsequent mythological films, in my mind. Shahu Modak, who was Bharat in this film, was popular as Krishna in such films.

Editor’s note:-This song is the 200th song of Pt Indra chandra as a lyricist in the blog.


Song-Raam chale Raam chale ban chale Raam Raghuveer (Bharat Milaap)(1942) Singer-G M Durrani, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Ram Chale
Ram Chale ae ae ae ae ae
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
aaj chale kantak ban re
aaj chale kantak ban re

ho gayi sooni
aaj Ayodhya aa aa
soona Saryu teer
soona aa aa Saryu teer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer

roko o o
koi roko o
rathh roko hey purwaasi
jaate hai punya pravaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi

gayi khushi ee ee
aur rahi udaasi

Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Shree Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai ae ae
praan chale hain sang Raam ke ae
soona pada shareer
soona pada aa aa shareer

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

राम चले
राम चले ए ए ए ए
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
आज चले कंटक बन रे
आज चले कंटक बन रे

हो गई सूनी
आज अयोध्या॰॰आ॰॰आ
सूना सरयू तीर
सूना॰॰आ॰॰आ सरयू तीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर

रोको ओ ओ
कोई रोको ओ
रथ रोको हे पुरवासी
जाते हैं पुण्य प्रवासी
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’

गई खुशी॰॰ई॰॰ई
और रही उदासी

राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
श्री राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
उगता सा सूरज ढलता है
प्राण चले हैं संग राम के
सूना पड़ा शरीर
सूना पड़ा॰॰आ॰॰आ शरीर


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3994 Post No. : 15087

Today’s song is from film Naiya-1947. This social film was made by Mohan Pictures of Ramniklal Shah, which normally made C grade stunt films. The director was Aslam Noori and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast of the film included Mazhar khan, Munawar Sultana, Ashraf khan, Anwar, Shehzadi, Suman, Balakram, Siraz etc etc. The film had 6 songs listed in HFGK, with record numbers. However it also indicates that there could be 3 more songs, about which no information is available. Lyricist’s name is not mentioned in HFGK,but I find that moviepedia.in mentions name of Aslam Noori – the director as its Lyricist also.

Though 1947 was an year of turmoil due to Partition, it is in this year that a Record production of films was registered, with 181 Hindi films in 1947 alone. This record took another 47 years to get broken, when in 1988, as many as 185 Hindi films were made.( ref: Film Index by Harmandir ji ).

It was also that due to Partition, many Muslim composers like G A Chishti aka Babaji, Ghulam Haider, Firoz Nizami, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. shifted their base to the new country Pakistan. Some of them continued to visit India and do films, for few more years, on and off. Lyricists like Wahzad Lucknowi and Tanvir Naqvi etc, Singers like Nurjehan, Khurshid, and some actors and actresses too migrated to Pakistan. However, their void was filled up, when younger and talented second line of artistes took over and India did not suffer much.

MDs like Sardar Malik and Ramprasad made their debut, as did lyricists Shakeel Badayuni and Rajendra Krishna in 1947. Asha ( in a chorus), M S Subbulaxmi also debuted this year. Films Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard and Shehnai saw lasting music getting created in them.

The film industry got a shock in early 1947 with Saigal’s death. Alongwith movies with memorable music, we also had Films like Naiya, whose songs failed to make their mark. The movie “Naiyya” came and went almost unnoticed at the box office.

Artistes leaving one country and migrating to another can be understood, because they continue same work in the new place too. But ever thought what must artistes, who retire or leave films, be doing in their after – life ? One day this question came to my mind and I started thinking. The simple answer was that if it was a woman, she would look after her family and be a housewife, and if it was a man, either he would spend life as a retired person or die in penury. I decided to find out if there was any other way people did spend their balance life.
I found at least 4 cases where people who left this industry midway, did something unusual.

The first case is that of an actor called SHASHI KAPOOR. No-No, he is not that Shashi Kapoor, who was famous actor of the 60s and 70s, who acted in films like Deewar, Dharmaputra, Trishul and many films with Nanda and Sharmila and who was the younger brother of Raj kapoor and Shammi Kapoor.

This actor’s name was Shashi chand F. Kapoor. He acted in the 40s and 50s mainly as a child actor. He acted in 21 films in all. His last film was Bhagwat Mahima-1955. He left films, though in demand and pursued studies. He did B.Sc, M.Sc, LL.B. and taught in Wilson and Kirti colleges, Bombay, and also did work in S.B.I. Then he went to USA for further studies, did his Ph.D. from Michigan University. He worked as faculty member of Michigan University from 1967 to 1998. Then he retired and remained in USA. Sometime back, he gave interviews on Cineplot and Maitri Manthan sites.

The second case is of a Music Director-Mukund Rai Trivedi, who was one of the RAI-FRANK jodi of composers. They together gave music to film GOGOLA-1964. Mukund Rai soon realised that his choice of career was wrong and he left. He joined his family business of Mining in Balaghat-MP and became a very rich and powerful person.

The third case is of ARJUN BAKSHI who was Hero of Malhar-51. He acted in some more films, then wrote screenplays and then left films. He shifted to Canada and opened a Music Shop.

The fourth case is very strange !

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the period of 30s to 50s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first time written a short note about him somewhere 7 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog, I first learnt the details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanva aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how Ashraf Khan progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore in 1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepard boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati drama company was stationed in a near by bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he is willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betal leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhan in two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience in stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more then two dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that when ever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors foot ware was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dharoji in Gujarat he returned to the Durgah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharief ( the eleventh month of Islamic calender ). He lied down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he is narrating verses from Ayat Sherief. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bed side reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that where ever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sherief, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sherief and Darood Sherief . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was some thing strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incidence. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at a place which is located on the highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 30 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baagbaan 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, and President of S.I.R.C., Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later period he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year an Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come.

Truly, reality is stranger than fiction, indeed !

Another interesting name in the list of the cast of film Naiya-47 is that of Shiraj or Master Shiraj. He was one of the most popular and very famous Hero in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song from film Naiya-47 is a typical old time style song. Nothing special about the song, but the singer was special.


Song-Siyaram ram Siyaram(Naiyya)(1947) Singer- Ashraf Khan, Lyricist- Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona aa
Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

tod ke naata maat pita khud
chita maan chola rakh diya aaj
Siyaram ram
Siyaram

raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
raam
siyaram
raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
sumran kar man raam ka naam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram

mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain aen
mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram

kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
kaunn bharam maan aan
kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
aise bharam ko sau parnaam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram

Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3950 Post No. : 15026 Movie Count :

4119

Missing Films of 1960s – 107
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

The film that is being introduced today is ‘Lav Kush’ from 1967. It was a time when mythological and religious films were still a draw – a draw enough for producers to continue producing this genre of films. It was a crop of artists, producers and financiers who held sway in the decades from the early years of Indian cinema, till maybe 1980s. Beyond that, once that crop withered away – passing away, retiring, or just plain fatigue, this genre of films has seen only a downward slide.

The film is produced by Basant Pictures. Regulars will recall that Basant Pictures is an off shoot of the Wadia Movietone, and both these production banners have witnessed great success in the 1940s and 1950s – Wadia with their stunt films (mostly starring Nadia), and Basant with their religious and social offerings.

The film is directed by SN Tripathi; ah yes, the same person who is also the music director. The cast of actors reads like Jaishri Gadkar, Aseem Kumar, Sheel Kumar, Bela Bose, Bablu, SN Tripathi, Chitra, Dalpat, BM Vyas, Hari Shukla, Bhagwan Sinha, RC Pandey, and Lalita Desai. The film has seven songs listed, and all the seven are penned by songwriter Saraswati Kumar Deepak.1

The song is a dance song in the royal court. The time of narrative is when Lord Ram has safely returned to Ayodhya, He has been crowned as the king, and the Ram Rajya is installed. Things seem to be settling down and moving smoothly. At this juncture, it becomes known that Sita is expecting and should become a mother soon.

This song is played at this time, when a court full of ladies marking this celebration with their good wishes blessings. The lead dancer in this song is Bela Bose. Interesting to note that Bela Bose is known for the ‘other’ types of dances. However, this dance – cast in a combination of semi classical plus folk steps – is no less impressive.

Maybe 5, or 6 films more to go for the 1960s list. Hopefully soon. 🙂

 

Song – Aao Ri Pyaari Behna Hil Mil Gaao Ri  (Lav Kush) (1967) Singer – Suman Kalyanpur, Lyrics – Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD – SN Tripathi
Chorus

Lyrics

aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

ek maas beeta doosara maas beeta
ye teesara mahina
ye teesara mahina
kacha pakka waar mann ko na bhaawe thaal
dekho bookh laage na
dekho bookh laage na
hare hare amuvaa ki chutney piswaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

lag gaya satwaan mahina
dekho jhukna kathin ho gaya
jhukna kathin ho gaya
kaise buhaarengi anganwaa
ke achra khisakne laga
achra khisakne laga
phoolon ki sej pe in ko sulaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

tulsi ko pooj ke
suraj devta ki karey vinti Siya
karey vinti Siya
choom choom achra
suhaginan bahu ko aashish de diya
bahu ko aashish de diya
nauven mahine mein to munna khilaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

एक मास बीता दूसरामास बीता
ये तीसरा महिना
ये तीसरा महिना
कच्चा पक्का वार मन को ना भावे थाल
देखो भूख लागे ना
देखो भूख लागे ना
हरे हरे अमुवा की चटनी पिसवाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

लग गया सातवाँ महिना
देखो झुकना कठिन हो गया
झुकना कठिन हो गया
कैसे बुहारेंगी अंगनवा
के अचरा खिसकने लगा
अचरा खिसकने लगा
फूलों की सेज पे इनको सुलाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

तुलसी को पूज के
सूरज देवता की करे विनती सिया
करे विनती सिया
चूम चूम अचरा
सुहागिनन बहू को आशीश दे दिया
बहू को आशीश दे दिया
नौवें महीने में तो मुन्ना खिलाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री


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Blog Day : 3933 Post No. : 15006

“Roop Sundari”(1964) was directed by Chandrakant for Chitradoot, Bombay. This veshbhoosha pradhaan (euphemism for B grade movie) had Anita Guha, Mahipal, B M Vyas, Sundar, Ratnmala, Bela Bose, Rajrani, V Gopal, Laxmichhaaya etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Five of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rafi. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Sardar Malik.

Only the audio of the song is available. From the sounds of it, this appears to be a public lament song sung in the background when the leading lady is seen suffering.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani (Roop Sundari)(1964) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Sardar Malik

Lyrics

nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
dharti ki beti sab dukh sahti
chup chup rehti
kuchh bhi nahi kehti
naari vyatha ki
katha puraani
katha puraani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi srrta ki suno nayi kahaani

auron ko tu phool hi baante
khud daaman mein bharti kaante
kaisa ajab hai bhaag tumhaara
amar hai naari tyaag tumhaara
teri anokhi hai kurbaani
teri anokhi hai kurbaani
hai kurbaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani

ye samaaj ne zulm hi dhaaye
kya kya tujhpe kalank lagaaye
soya hua bhagwaan na jaaga
raam ne bhi jab tujhko tyaaga
ban ban bhatke dard deewaani
ban ban bhatke dard deewani
dard deewani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kaheani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaeni


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has more than 16100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1246
Total Number of movies covered =4402

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