Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Lord Ram related songs’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4354 Post No. : 15670

Today’s song is from the film Sant Tulsidas-1939. The first film on Tulsidas came in 1934, the second in 1939 and the third in 1972. In all, there were 13 films on various saints of India. Sant Dnyaneshwar (40, 64, 81), Sant Janabai-49, Sant Raghu-57, Sant Ravidas-2007, Sant Ravidas ki amar kahani–83, Sant Sakhu-41, Sant Tukaram-48 and Sant Tulsidas-34, 39, 72.

Basically, Indians are religious minded, – Indians means, of any religion, be it Hindu, Muslim or Christian or any other faith. Our common culture is like that. Most traditions are similar in all religions in India. For example, Hindus say ” Atithi Devo Bhava ” (अतिथी देवो भव ). Guest is God. All Indians, irrespective of their religions, give due respect to their guests. ” Respect the elders ” is another tradition. This too is followed by every Indian-of any religion- in India. Sometimes I feel, in India, our lives are more governed by the culture than religion. One can occasionally find an Atheist, but you can never find an Indian without following culture and traditions. This is a major difference between an Indian and the other Nationals.

If you take a look at our religion, it is not just ‘ one of the ‘ , but the only tolerant religion in the world, which is also adaptive to times. There is enough elasticity in Hinduism to make suitable changes in the implementation of Karmkand, as per the needs of the times. This has made it survive for thousands of years. For example, once Untouchability was a great ill, but due to the hard work of our saints over the years, this is eradicated. Women’s entry into temples, only Male Pujaris and several such matters are corrected and accepted. The main principle is ” different religions are different roads to reach God “. So, every road is respected. Due to this principle, with 80 % population of one religion, many other religions have happily thrived here. What’s more, in most eras, Minority rulers were accepted by the Majority.

Our culture allows opposition to its principles. It respects the ” other ” point of view too. In which other country would you find temples for its religious enemies ? Only in India, you have not just one, but several temples of villains like Ravan, Duryodhan, Shakuni etc. There is a Ravan temple one each in Bisrakh-U.P., Mandsaur-M.P., Kakinada in A.P. and in Jodhpur-Rajasthan- where Ravan is considered as their Son In Law, because Mandodari was born here.

There is a Duryodhan Temple in Kollam, Kerala and a temple for Shakuni also in the same town. There are also other temples like for Gandhari in Mysore, Karna in Uttarkashi, Hidimba in Manali-H.P., Draupadi in Bangalore and also for Jatayu in Nashik district !

The point I am trying to stress is that in India, several saints came, but none has preached hatred against other religions. They all taught us good ways of living with all and how the ultimate aim should be to be with God. Sant Tulsidas was also no different than others . His biggest work was to translate Valmiki Ramayan into an easy to understand common man’s language.

Film companies developed interest in making saint movies, when Prabhat’s Marathi film ‘ Sant Tukaram ‘-36 became successful. It won praise throughout the world, won several awards and the international Film Festival at Venis declared it as one of the 3 Greatest films of the world ! The film ran for 57 weeks at Central Talkies, Bombay and all over India, it grossed over 7 lakh rupees in those days. The acting of Vishnupant Pagnis in this film was appreciated much.

Considering all this, the commercial potential of such films was understood by Sardar Chandulal Shah of Ranjit Films. He decided to make a Bilingual film on Tulsidas, with Pagnis in the lead role. However Pagnis was on contract with Prabhat films. Chandulal met Shantaram and negotiated a deal to borrow Pagnis and story writer Shivram Vashikar for film Tulsidas.

The director of the film was Jayant Desai and MD for the Hindi version was Gyan Dutt and for Marathi it was Vishnupant himself. As against 14 songs in the Hindi version, there were 21 songs in Marathi version. Almost all songs of this film became popular. The Prabhat film Tukaram was devoid of any Miracles or trick scenes, but Chandulal decided to include as many trick scenes and Miracles, as possible in film Tulsidas.

The songs were written by P L Santoshi and Pt. Indra. For Marathi version, S A Shukla was the lyricist. Naren Mukherji was the assistant to Gyan Mukherjee for this film. The cast of the film was Vishnupant Pagnis, Leela Chitnis, Keshavrao Datey, Bandopant Sohoni, Ram Marathe, Vasanti, Kantilal and others.

Vishnupant Pagnis was born in a small place Chikodi, near Kolhapur, on 1-11-1892, in a lower middle class family. After formal education, he was assisted by Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state to join a Drama company at the age of 10 years. He sang naturally, without any training from an expert. He was a popular artiste doing female roles, till his entry in films. He shifted to work in various drama companies including “Lalit Kaladarsh” of Mama Varerkar- a name connected with many Marathi and Hindi films of that time. In 1913, he floated his own company ‘Jagchitradarsh’, only to wind up after two years in 1915. He continued working in dramas and doing female roles, for which he was famous in those times.

After a few years, he left drama acting. In 1920, he worked in a silent film, Surekha Haran. In this film V Shantaram had also acted. After this he worked as a Music Teacher in Municipal school at Girgaum in Bombay. After his wife died, he lived with his friend Petkar. They started a Gold Jewellery shop “Pagnis Petkar and Mandali” in Girgaon.

When Prabhat Film company planned to make Sant Tukaram, a search was undertaken for the main role and the main female role. This was in early 1936 and he was selected for the role of Tukaram, while a worker in the Prabhat company-Gauri – was selected as his wife. The Director duo of the film- Damle and Fattelal- were not happy about his selection, because his name was associated with female roles. But this became his strong point for the film in which he portrayed a soft, kind and loving Tukaram. He did the role so well that the film Sant Tukaram became an International Hit, in addition to running to full houses in Non Marathi areas like Madras Presidency, covering Andhra, Tamilnadu, Kerala and Karnataka and also in Bengal and Punjab. He became an actor in great demand for Saint films. After the film Sant Tukaram, hundreds of people used to crowd in his shop at Girgaum to pay respects and touch his feet as Tukaram. He also always dressed like Tukaram thereafter !

Vishnupant Pagnis worked in 4 more such films, namely Sant Tulsidas-39, Narsi Bhagat-43, Bhakta Raj-43 and his last film Mahatma Vidur-43. He also gave music to 2 films, Sant Janabai- 38 and Sant Tulsidas-39 (Marathi). These two and Mahatma Vidur were also made in Marathi language. His most famous film Sant Tukaram was released in Hindi only in 1948, but without his songs, because he had died on 3-10-1943. The MD- Snehal Bhatkar sang his songs in the Hindi version.

Vishnupant Pagnis did the immortal role of Tukaram in his first film and then lived the role throughout his life, though he did 4 more films in the same Genre of Saint films. His name became famous not only in India but also in other countries, when this film was hailed as “one of the 3 Best films in the world” at the Venice Film Festival, where it won accolades. Records of his Bhajans from this film created records ( we too had these records in our house in the 40s.) Even today this film is shown and discussed in the film Institutes of many countries. Many books, essays and articles are published on this film. His performance as Tukaram has become a major reference-point in debates about Indian performance idioms: e.g. Kumar Shahani’s essay The Saint Poets of Prabhat, 1981; Geeta Kapur’s Mythic Material in Indian Cinema, 1987 etc etc.

The story of Tulsidas is well known. Ranjit Studio’s big-budget miracle-laden saint film was on Tulsidas (16th C.), who rewrote Valmiki’s Ramayana in Hindi. To the despair of his teacher Narahari Guru (Sohoni), who hopes that Tulsidas (Pagnis) will make the classic text accessible to the people, the poet spends time with his beloved wife Ratnavali (Chitnis). The dramatic pivot of the story comes when Tulsidas discovers his life’s location amid howling wind and a river in spate. He becomes an ascetic and settles down in Benares where his translation threatens the Brahminical clergy, until then sole proprietors of the wisdom of the Sanskrit text. Their representative, Batteshwar Shastri (Datey), persecutes Tulsidas who is rescued through divine intervention.

Today’s song is a solo song by Vishnupant Pagnis. It is dripping with Bhakti Ras.

(Ack: information for this post is culled, with thanks, from books – ” A Primer of Hinduism” by D S Sarma, Santpatanchi Santwani (संतपटांची संतवाणी ) by Isak Mujawar, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and my notes)


Song-Mujhe Raam se koi mila de (Sant Tulsidas)(1939) Singer- Vishnupant Pagnis, Lyricist- P L Santoshi, MD- Gyan Dutt

Lyrics

Raam se koi mila de…
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein

koi kahe wo basey Avadh mein
koi kahey Vrindaawan mein
koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein

koi kahey teerath mandir mein
koi kahey milte ban mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
dekh sakoon main un ko man mein
aisi jyot jagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
bin laathhi ka nikla andha
raah se koi lagaa de ae
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de
mujhe Raam se koi mila de


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4302 Post No. : 15566

Today’s song is from film Ram Vivah-49. This is a duet song by Manna Dey and Geeta Roy. This is the first ever duet of these singers, in their career.

Geeta, who debuted via a chorus song in 1946, won some fame with her songs in film Do Bhai-47, with music by S D Burman. However till about 1950 or so, she was still struggling to make a place in the film line. She had to compete with singers like Lata and Asha as well as Shamshad, Amirbai and Zohrabai too. Manna Dey was an occasional singer, struggling very hard to get established as either a singer or a Music Director. Good sense prevailed and he realised that singing was his forte and he concentrated on it,later. He is one of my favourite singers, who had all the merit and talent, but not a strong Luck ! He became a preferred singer for composers, whenever a Bhajan, religious song or a high pitched song was to be sung.

Film Ram Vivah-49 was was produced by Prem Adib Productions and it was the only film directed by him ever. This film came after the eminently flop film Raambaan-48, made by Prakash pictures. Actually, it was Prakash pictures who had earlier made two very successful film on Ramayan stories, namely Bharat Bhet-42 and Ramrajya-43. Enthused with the success of these two films, Prakash decided to complete Triology with one more film on Ram and Seeta. They waited for 5 years and then made Raambaan-48. The glaring mistake they made was in the film story. The first two films were largely true to the original Valmiki Ramayan. While making Raambaan, they employed their story department authors-Mohan lal Dave and Pt.Girish. They messed up with the story and made it into a poor and distorted version of Ramkatha. This caused the failure of film Raambaan-48.

Learning a lesson from this, Prem Adib stuck to the original Valmiki Ramayan. In fact the Credits show Valmiki’s name for ‘ Story ‘. Additionally, the cast consisted of almost same team with Prem Adib, Shobhana Samarth, Jeevan, Umakant, Shanta Kumari and others. Music director was Shankar rao Vyas and Lyricist was Moti, B.A. (actually he was an M.A.).

The lead pair of Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth had become extremely popular all over the country as Ram and Seeta, after their two films Bharat Milap and Ram Rajya. These two actors came together first time in film Industrial India-1938. After this they worked in 11 more films plus one more film Ramayan-54, which was concocted by joining parts of 3 films made by Prakash Pictures on Ram and Seeta. After film Rambaan-48, Prakash films focused on social and musical films and made memorable films like Baiju Bawra-52 and Gunj Uthi Shehnai-59.

The stories of Rama and offshoots of Ramayana have always inspired film makers. Mahabharat too did the same. In Hindi language alone, films on Rama stories are around 25 ( not counting obvious other films like Ram aur Shyam, Ram Lakhan or Ram Balram etc.). Practically, in every Indian language and dialects, Nepalese and Sinhalese Ram films are made. However, the kind of fame,popularity and the Box office returns, Film Ram Rajya-43 earned is beyond imagination. Calendars from 1944 to 1950 featured Shobhana and Prem as Ram and Seeta. Wherever these stars went they were mobbed and people used to touch their feet, as Ram and Seeta.

Ramayan and Mahabharata are the two major Religious Epics for Indians. Ramayana has been popular and wide spread all over the Eastern World. There are in all 300 versions of Ramayana. These include the original Valmiki Ramayan and few other major Indian language Versions like Kamban’s Ramavataram in Tamil and Rangnathan’s Ramayana in Telugu. Then there is Ramayan Manjiri in NE and Bengal version. There is a Jain version too.Besides Ramayana in every Indian language and many dialects with scripts, there are Ramayana Versions in Burma, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Phillipines, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Thialand, Malaysia, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam and China. All these versions total upto 300 in number.

Actor Umakant played the role of Laxman even in this film. In all he played this role in 7 films. Similarly, actor Jeevan, who first time played the role of Narad in Bharat Milap-42, played Narad in almost 100 films in his career ( it was like Jagdish Raj playing role of Police Inspector or Iftekhar playing Police Commissioner or Murad playing a court Judge in Hindi films).

In my last post (on film Bharat Milap-42), I had mentioned about difficulty in getting information on practically unknown actors.This is a major problem for people ,like me, who are students of vintage films and its people. Another big problem is “same name confusion”, caused by artistes having similar sounding names . In early cinema era as we all know, most artistes came form lower strata of society as members of respectable families were not ready to join this ‘ lowly’ film line. This applied mostly for women folk. Among these families of Tawayafs and singers, there were limited names recycled. Some examples are Noorjehan, Khursheed, Zubeida, Shehzadi, Naseem etc etc. This caused problems and confusions. This problems was also among Male artistes at a lesser rate. Names like Asit Sen, N Datta, Rajkumar, Shyam etc are some examples. It was not restricted to Muslim artistes only. There are examples like Nalini, Leela, Ranjana, Rajkumari etc . I would say the ratio was 60:40 for females and Males.

At one given time, there were as many as 8 to 10 Nalinis working in films. Similarly there were several Shantas in films. Few examples are Shanta Apte, Shanta Hublikar, Shanta Mujumdar, Shanta kumari (stuntwali), Shanta kumari (Socialwali),Shanta Patel etc. Luckily, there was no Same name confusion, as these Shantas were using their surnames. Shanta Mujumdar acted only in Prabhat bilingual films. She later married writer Pt. Mukhram Sharma. Shanta kumari and Shanta Patel were stunt actresses. Socialwali Shanta kumari stopped working in 1936…before stuntwali came in. Socialwali married and became Shanta Kothari and worked in 3 films with this name.

Today, we will know more about Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta kumari), who acted as Kaushalya in 3 films after marriage. She is one of those artistes about whom information had to be culled from multiple sources, with great efforts. She was born in 1904 in a large family. Her father Motilal was Principal of a college, but mother was a Tawayef. She studied in English medium. After father’s death, her mother started teaching her dancing and singing. Soon she was singing for customers.

She was very beautiful looking. She entered film line at the age of 16 years, i.e. in 1920. She acted in Silent films made by various companies like Sharada, Great Eastern,Ranjit, kohinoor, Shri krishna film co and krishnatone etc.Some of her silent films were, Kala pahad-27, with master Vithal, Bhai ya kasai-28,Pilgrims of Love-29, Kumud Kumari-29, Prince Charming-30 with E.Billimoria and Castles in the air-30. Other films were Loves of Mughal Prince, Drums of Love, Pyari Jogan, Pardesi Sainya, Prem yatra, Rasili Radha, Maujeli Mashuqa, Shaikh Chilli etc etc. In 1930 she went to Calcutta and worked in film Shrikant also.

Due to her good looks, dancing and singing skills,she effortlessly entered Talkie film era. Her first talkie was krishn Cinetone’s Heer Ranjha-31. It was followed by Chintamani-31,Krishnavatar-32, Lanka Dahan-33, Hatim Tai-1-33, Simhasan-34, Sant Tulsidas-34, Kashmeera-34, Aaj kal-34, Bal hatya and Prem yatri-36. She sang on A.I.R. Bombay frequently. In film Sant Tulsidas, she sang equally with a stalwart like G.N.Joshi, with ease. She sang 21 songs in 8 films in her career.

She took a break from films and she got married to Sound Recordist Kothari. She became Shanta Shantaram Kothari after marriage.In 1941, when film Bharat Milap was being planned, Prakash Pictures requested and she worked in that film as well as Ramrajya-43 in the role of Kaushalya. After 5 years when Prem Adib requested, she again worked in film Ram Vivah-49. However, she stopped films after that.

I could not get further information about her after this period, but we have all information about her film career. (For information used here, I thank Isuru Udayanga Kariyavasam, V.S.Nigam’s article on http://www.medium.com, books- Beete kal ke sitare-S.Tamrakar, Early Hindustani talkies-P.Kamalakar, muVyz.com, CITWF, HFGK and my notes)

The Music Director of film Ram Vivah-49 was Shankar Rao Vyas. After the success of films ‘ Narsi Bhagat-40’ and ‘ Bharata Milap-42’, Vyas rode on the Pinnacle of his career with the popularity of Ramrajya songs. Vyas was a very hard working person. Once while recording songs of film ‘ Vikramaditya’-45, he needed Echo effect in the song ‘ Om Jai Jai Shankar’. In those days, the recording studios were not equipped with such facilities. Vyas searched and found out a Temple having a big Dome in the obscure suburb Jogeshwari in Bombay and recorded this song in that Temple at 2 am in the midnight when it was very quiet !

Ramrajya-43 was the most successful musical film of that era. When Prakash Pictures planned to produce Ramrajya again in 1967, the MD was Vasant Desai. Before recording film’s first song Desai garlanded the photo of Shankar Rao Vyas and then only started the work, seeking his Blessings. Ramrajya had also the distinction of being the only film in the world which Mahatma Gandhi saw in his life. It is said that he was pleased with its songs very much.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Today’s song indicates that Shankarrao Vyas tried hard to be with the changing tastes of his audience. The song has a faster tune and music.


Song-Dhanya Dhanya hai Avadhpuri (Raam Vivaah)(1949) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Lyricist- Moti B A, MD- Shankarrao Vyas
Both

Lyrics

Dhanya dhanya hai avadhpuri
Dhanya wahaan ki phulwaari
Jahaan Raam ne janam liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Avadhpuri ke uttar dish
Saryu ki dhaara behti hai
Raaja Dashrath raaj karen aur
Praja chain se rehti hai ae
Praja chain se rehti hai

Ann dhan se bharpoor Ayodhya
Teen lok se hai nyaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Chham chham karti chali kaamini
Hai solah singaar kiye
Aankhon mein sansaar liye
Haathon mein sundar haar liye
Satvanti hain sabhi naariyaan
Sat par apne balihaari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari

Raam Lakhan aur Bharat
Shatrughan
Chaar ratn hain raaja ke
Jinmein sabse bade raam hain
Pran piyaare parja ke ae
Pran piyaare parja ke
Raam liye dhanu-baan raakshason ke
Marne ki hai baari

Jahaan Raam ne janm liya hai
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari ee
Dhanya wahaan ke nar naari


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4299 Post No. : 15558

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-1942. It is sung by G M Durani and the music is by Shankar Rao Vyas, for lyrics written by Pt.Indra.

Few years back, I remember, Dr. Surjit Singh ji had published a list of 7000 names of actors, who had acted in films from the beginning till up to the year 2000. He had found this list on a site which was no more existing. I had meticulously copied that list on my Laptop, in the year 2010. Since then, I have changed my Laptop 3 times and now I do not find this list with me anymore. God knows when it got deleted or was left out uncopied, sometime.

Of course, that is not the point at all. I wonder how so many people joined an industry which did not provide any security, nor did it assure continuous earnings. Leave aside the stigma of working in” films” in olden times, but this industry neither had permanent jobs nor a fixed income. Take a look at any film-Silent or Talkie-only a handful people were credited. Later in the Talkie films, this list became larger. One can see this in any volume of HFGK of 30s or 40s. But then, if you exclude the names which got repeated in films, the total list of actors may not cross 2-3 thousand,perhaps.

Barring the main and known actors, most other actors are not even identifiable for the general public. Names without faces! Such actors constitute the bulk of numbers in the industry. If you take a look at the cast of a film, more than half of names are unknown or known by only repeat value in many films. These names have no faces. Information about them is not available in any books. They remain only names, replaced by other names after few years. The extras or junior artistes who are seen on screens in many scenes, throughout the film are also members of the industry.

There are some groups on Fb, who have experts among them. These people keep on identifying obscure faces on screen scenes and name them. One glaring crusader in these specialists is M N SARDANA ji, who writes short notes about almost unknown actors seen on the screen as judges,lawyers, police inspectors, beggars, villain cronies and people in such insignificant roles. Hats off to him and people like SANDEEP PAHAWA ji, whose comments are lapped up by readers. I may be one of the dedicated readers of their notes and comments on Fb.

Like any other language, there are writers and authors in Marathi too, who write on old films and old actors etc from the vintage Hindi films. One such author calls himself ” Babu Moshoi “. His articles are published regularly in newspapers, magazines etc. He has written several books. His real name is Hemant Desai. Another such writer in Hindi and Gujarati is Vithal Pandya. I have many such books in my library. Through these books I get to know old actors and their information, sometimes. I get surprised at many names as I read about some names about whom I had never known. For example, do you know who did King Dashrath’s role in films Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43, or the role of Kanva Muni in film Shakuntala-43 ? Who was the actress in Kaushalya’s role in Ramrajya-43 or Ram Vivah-49 ?

This actor was I.T.Nimbalkar and this actress was Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta Kumari). These were artistes from Silent film era, spilled over the Talkie films. They started as Hero and Heroine, but shifted to character roles, as the time went by. In our film industry, such cases are not new. In fact such type of actors who remained practically unknown to later generations of audiences, were highly respected by film people during shootings. Their seniority and work was respected.

This is a very good practice in the industry, by directors and other actors to give respect to old timers. Raj Kapoor used to send his car to fetch Bhudo Advani for shootings of film Boot Polish scenes. Hrishikesh Mukherjee kept special chair for Master Shiraz, during the shooting of film Guddi. He also ensured to feature Shiraz in the film credits. These are only samples to stress what I have said. Not every such matter is published but it is a special feature of the industry.

I try to gather information on such unknown and forgotten artistes and write on them. Not everytime I am successful, but I have written about many such actors, directors, MDs etc. Some of them are Omkar Devaskar, Zunzar rao pawar, Ganapat rao Bakare, Shankar rao Vazare, Naseem Junior, Shamim Jr, Altaf, Urmila, Ranjana, kusum Deshpande, Vasant rao Thengadi, Jamshed ji etc etc. Today, we will know more about one such old time actor who was prolific and worked in films of Bombay and Calcutta.

I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra, Sinhagadh etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra, Subah ka tara, Parchhain, Teen batti char rasta, Toofan aur Diya, Z Z Payal baje. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein, prarthana,Nal Damayanti, Seedha Rasta, Gokul, Apna Ghar, Maharathi karna, Seeta Swayamvar. He worked in pyasa, Mera Naam Joker, Amar prem etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu moshoi)

Film Bharat Milap-42 was directed by Vijay Bhatt (12-5-1907 to 17-10-1993). The film was made under their own banner Prakash Films. Prakash Studios was built in 1934 at Andheri. The first film to be made there was ‘Actress’ (Bambai ki Mohini), written and produced by Vijay Bhatt. The famed torch of Prakash Pictures continued to shine over decades and in all, 64 films were produced in various genres, in black and white as well as colour.

Vijay Bhatt played an important role in the careers of some major stars. He was the person who gave Mehzabeen (Meena Kumari),the name Baby Meena.

He also gave her the first major heroine’s role in Baiju Bawra-52.Till then she did roles in B and C grade films. O K Dar Kashmiri was given the name ” JEEWAN “, when he did Narad’s role in Bharat Milap. Later he did Narad’s role in over 100 films. Suraiyya got her big singing role in Station Master-42. Manoj Kumar was made hero in Himalaya ki God mein-65.

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-42. This was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi(as Bharat-Bhet). Main characters were Prem Adeeb as Ram, Shobhana Samarth as Seeta and Shahu Modak as Bharat. Durga khote was Kaikeyi, Vimla Vashishta was Manthara and Nimbalkar as King Dashrath.

The story of Bharat Milap is too well known and it is to the credit of Bhatt brothers that they kept the story line true to original,supported by several books and curators as well as scholars. This was the first major mythological film of Prakash and they did not spare efforts or money to raise spectacular sets, costumes and war scenes ( when Bharat is attacked by Nishad raja’s army).

It was a delight to see this film. There were no scenes of Miracles. I saw this film in its second run, sometime in the end of 40s, but the memories are still fresh. In fact this film became a benchmark for all subsequent mythological films, in my mind. Shahu Modak, who was Bharat in this film, was popular as Krishna in such films.

Editor’s note:-This song is the 200th song of Pt Indra chandra as a lyricist in the blog.


Song-Raam chale Raam chale ban chale Raam Raghuveer (Bharat Milaap)(1942) Singer-G M Durrani, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Ram Chale
Ram Chale ae ae ae ae ae
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
aaj chale kantak ban re
aaj chale kantak ban re

ho gayi sooni
aaj Ayodhya aa aa
soona Saryu teer
soona aa aa Saryu teer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer

roko o o
koi roko o
rathh roko hey purwaasi
jaate hai punya pravaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi

gayi khushi ee ee
aur rahi udaasi

Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Shree Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai ae ae
praan chale hain sang Raam ke ae
soona pada shareer
soona pada aa aa shareer

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

राम चले
राम चले ए ए ए ए
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
आज चले कंटक बन रे
आज चले कंटक बन रे

हो गई सूनी
आज अयोध्या॰॰आ॰॰आ
सूना सरयू तीर
सूना॰॰आ॰॰आ सरयू तीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर

रोको ओ ओ
कोई रोको ओ
रथ रोको हे पुरवासी
जाते हैं पुण्य प्रवासी
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’

गई खुशी॰॰ई॰॰ई
और रही उदासी

राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
श्री राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
उगता सा सूरज ढलता है
प्राण चले हैं संग राम के
सूना पड़ा शरीर
सूना पड़ा॰॰आ॰॰आ शरीर


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3994 Post No. : 15087

Today’s song is from film Naiya-1947. This social film was made by Mohan Pictures of Ramniklal Shah, which normally made C grade stunt films. The director was Aslam Noori and the music was by Anil Biswas. The cast of the film included Mazhar khan, Munawar Sultana, Ashraf khan, Anwar, Shehzadi, Suman, Balakram, Siraz etc etc. The film had 6 songs listed in HFGK, with record numbers. However it also indicates that there could be 3 more songs, about which no information is available. Lyricist’s name is not mentioned in HFGK,but I find that moviepedia.in mentions name of Aslam Noori – the director as its Lyricist also.

Though 1947 was an year of turmoil due to Partition, it is in this year that a Record production of films was registered, with 181 Hindi films in 1947 alone. This record took another 47 years to get broken, when in 1988, as many as 185 Hindi films were made.( ref: Film Index by Harmandir ji ).

It was also that due to Partition, many Muslim composers like G A Chishti aka Babaji, Ghulam Haider, Firoz Nizami, Rafiq Ghaznavi etc. shifted their base to the new country Pakistan. Some of them continued to visit India and do films, for few more years, on and off. Lyricists like Wahzad Lucknowi and Tanvir Naqvi etc, Singers like Nurjehan, Khurshid, and some actors and actresses too migrated to Pakistan. However, their void was filled up, when younger and talented second line of artistes took over and India did not suffer much.

MDs like Sardar Malik and Ramprasad made their debut, as did lyricists Shakeel Badayuni and Rajendra Krishna in 1947. Asha ( in a chorus), M S Subbulaxmi also debuted this year. Films Jugnu, Do Bhai, Dard and Shehnai saw lasting music getting created in them.

The film industry got a shock in early 1947 with Saigal’s death. Alongwith movies with memorable music, we also had Films like Naiya, whose songs failed to make their mark. The movie “Naiyya” came and went almost unnoticed at the box office.

Artistes leaving one country and migrating to another can be understood, because they continue same work in the new place too. But ever thought what must artistes, who retire or leave films, be doing in their after – life ? One day this question came to my mind and I started thinking. The simple answer was that if it was a woman, she would look after her family and be a housewife, and if it was a man, either he would spend life as a retired person or die in penury. I decided to find out if there was any other way people did spend their balance life.
I found at least 4 cases where people who left this industry midway, did something unusual.

The first case is that of an actor called SHASHI KAPOOR. No-No, he is not that Shashi Kapoor, who was famous actor of the 60s and 70s, who acted in films like Deewar, Dharmaputra, Trishul and many films with Nanda and Sharmila and who was the younger brother of Raj kapoor and Shammi Kapoor.

This actor’s name was Shashi chand F. Kapoor. He acted in the 40s and 50s mainly as a child actor. He acted in 21 films in all. His last film was Bhagwat Mahima-1955. He left films, though in demand and pursued studies. He did B.Sc, M.Sc, LL.B. and taught in Wilson and Kirti colleges, Bombay, and also did work in S.B.I. Then he went to USA for further studies, did his Ph.D. from Michigan University. He worked as faculty member of Michigan University from 1967 to 1998. Then he retired and remained in USA. Sometime back, he gave interviews on Cineplot and Maitri Manthan sites.

The second case is of a Music Director-Mukund Rai Trivedi, who was one of the RAI-FRANK jodi of composers. They together gave music to film GOGOLA-1964. Mukund Rai soon realised that his choice of career was wrong and he left. He joined his family business of Mining in Balaghat-MP and became a very rich and powerful person.

The third case is of ARJUN BAKSHI who was Hero of Malhar-51. He acted in some more films, then wrote screenplays and then left films. He shifted to Canada and opened a Music Shop.

The fourth case is very strange !

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the period of 30s to 50s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first time written a short note about him somewhere 7 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog, I first learnt the details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanva aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how Ashraf Khan progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore in 1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepard boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati drama company was stationed in a near by bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he is willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betal leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhan in two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience in stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more then two dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that when ever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors foot ware was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dharoji in Gujarat he returned to the Durgah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharief ( the eleventh month of Islamic calender ). He lied down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he is narrating verses from Ayat Sherief. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bed side reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that where ever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sherief, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sherief and Darood Sherief . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was some thing strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incidence. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at a place which is located on the highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 30 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baagbaan 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, and President of S.I.R.C., Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later period he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year an Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come.

Truly, reality is stranger than fiction, indeed !

Another interesting name in the list of the cast of film Naiya-47 is that of Shiraj or Master Shiraj. He was one of the most popular and very famous Hero in the silent era. Like many others, when the Talkie era began, he too was relegated to the background and with great difficulty could get character roles in films. His first Talkie film was Mast Faqir-1934. He sang one song each in 2 films- Baghdad ka chor-34 and Chalta Purja-34. He continued doing roles in films.

During his good times, he had learnt the art of Massaging, as a Hobby and this became his last straw for survival. When film roles were not available, he used to roam about with his kit and do Massaging to earn a living. After doing about 26 films, till Naiya-47, he stopped getting credited in the cast. Now he worked as an extra.

He was last seen in film Guddi-1971- doing massage to Omprakash in one scene. In that film, Dharmendra tells Jaya Bhaduri (Guddi) that Master Shiraj was a star in silent film era. Director Hrishikesh Mukherjee ensured that Shiraj got his name in the film credits of Guddi-71.

Master Shiraj was just one of those unfortunate film artistes who spent their end-time in a very pathetic manner. Some other examples are- actor/singer Parshuram died on road as a beggar, Singer Vatsala Kumthekar died on road as a mad beggar,Wasti was seen begging near Liberty cinema and Rattanbai was seen begging near Haji Ali. There are many more such stories. The world of films is the most unpredictable and unless the artiste is wise to secure his future, there is no light at the end of the tunnel !

Today’s song from film Naiya-47 is a typical old time style song. Nothing special about the song, but the singer was special.


Song-Siyaram ram Siyaram(Naiyya)(1947) Singer- Ashraf Khan, Lyricist- Safdar Aah Sitapuri, MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona aa
Pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram ram
Siyaram ram siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

janam janam ki sangi saansen aen
pawan pawan mein mil gayi jaan
Siyaram ram
siyaram

tod ke naata maat pita khud
chita maan chola rakh diya aaj
Siyaram ram
Siyaram

raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
raam
siyaram
raamnaam chhut kahu na apna
sumran kar man raam ka naam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram

mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain aen
mahal domahle sona chaandi ee
raaj paat jag ka sukh chain
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram
jaise sapna dekh rahe thhe ae
aankh jo moondi khul gaye nain
Siyaram ram Siyaram

kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
kaunn bharam maan aan
kaunn bharam maan phansa thha man re
aise bharam ko sau parnaam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
pran ka panchhi ud gayo raam
tan ka pinjra soona soona
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram

Siyaram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram
Siyaram ram Siyaram ram


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3950 Post No. : 15026 Movie Count :

4119

Missing Films of 1960s – 107
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

The film that is being introduced today is ‘Lav Kush’ from 1967. It was a time when mythological and religious films were still a draw – a draw enough for producers to continue producing this genre of films. It was a crop of artists, producers and financiers who held sway in the decades from the early years of Indian cinema, till maybe 1980s. Beyond that, once that crop withered away – passing away, retiring, or just plain fatigue, this genre of films has seen only a downward slide.

The film is produced by Basant Pictures. Regulars will recall that Basant Pictures is an off shoot of the Wadia Movietone, and both these production banners have witnessed great success in the 1940s and 1950s – Wadia with their stunt films (mostly starring Nadia), and Basant with their religious and social offerings.

The film is directed by SN Tripathi; ah yes, the same person who is also the music director. The cast of actors reads like Jaishri Gadkar, Aseem Kumar, Sheel Kumar, Bela Bose, Bablu, SN Tripathi, Chitra, Dalpat, BM Vyas, Hari Shukla, Bhagwan Sinha, RC Pandey, and Lalita Desai. The film has seven songs listed, and all the seven are penned by songwriter Saraswati Kumar Deepak.1

The song is a dance song in the royal court. The time of narrative is when Lord Ram has safely returned to Ayodhya, He has been crowned as the king, and the Ram Rajya is installed. Things seem to be settling down and moving smoothly. At this juncture, it becomes known that Sita is expecting and should become a mother soon.

This song is played at this time, when a court full of ladies marking this celebration with their good wishes blessings. The lead dancer in this song is Bela Bose. Interesting to note that Bela Bose is known for the ‘other’ types of dances. However, this dance – cast in a combination of semi classical plus folk steps – is no less impressive.

Maybe 5, or 6 films more to go for the 1960s list. Hopefully soon. 🙂

 

Song – Aao Ri Pyaari Behna Hil Mil Gaao Ri  (Lav Kush) (1967) Singer – Suman Kalyanpur, Lyrics – Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD – SN Tripathi
Chorus

Lyrics

aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

ek maas beeta doosara maas beeta
ye teesara mahina
ye teesara mahina
kacha pakka waar mann ko na bhaawe thaal
dekho bookh laage na
dekho bookh laage na
hare hare amuvaa ki chutney piswaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

lag gaya satwaan mahina
dekho jhukna kathin ho gaya
jhukna kathin ho gaya
kaise buhaarengi anganwaa
ke achra khisakne laga
achra khisakne laga
phoolon ki sej pe in ko sulaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

tulsi ko pooj ke
suraj devta ki karey vinti Siya
karey vinti Siya
choom choom achra
suhaginan bahu ko aashish de diya
bahu ko aashish de diya
nauven mahine mein to munna khilaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

aao ri pyaari behna
hilmil gaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri
bahurani Seeta ji ki
god bharaao ri

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

एक मास बीता दूसरामास बीता
ये तीसरा महिना
ये तीसरा महिना
कच्चा पक्का वार मन को ना भावे थाल
देखो भूख लागे ना
देखो भूख लागे ना
हरे हरे अमुवा की चटनी पिसवाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

लग गया सातवाँ महिना
देखो झुकना कठिन हो गया
झुकना कठिन हो गया
कैसे बुहारेंगी अंगनवा
के अचरा खिसकने लगा
अचरा खिसकने लगा
फूलों की सेज पे इनको सुलाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

तुलसी को पूज के
सूरज देवता की करे विनती सिया
करे विनती सिया
चूम चूम अचरा
सुहागिनन बहू को आशीश दे दिया
बहू को आशीश दे दिया
नौवें महीने में तो मुन्ना खिलाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री

आओ री प्यारी बहना
हिलमिल गाओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री
बहुरानी सीता जी की
गोद भराओ री


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3933 Post No. : 15006

“Roop Sundari”(1964) was directed by Chandrakant for Chitradoot, Bombay. This veshbhoosha pradhaan (euphemism for B grade movie) had Anita Guha, Mahipal, B M Vyas, Sundar, Ratnmala, Bela Bose, Rajrani, V Gopal, Laxmichhaaya etc in it.

The movie had seven songs in it. Five of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the sixth song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rafi. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by Sardar Malik.

Only the audio of the song is available. From the sounds of it, this appears to be a public lament song sung in the background when the leading lady is seen suffering.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani (Roop Sundari)(1964) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Sardar Malik

Lyrics

nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
dharti ki beti sab dukh sahti
chup chup rehti
kuchh bhi nahi kehti
naari vyatha ki
katha puraani
katha puraani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi srrta ki suno nayi kahaani

auron ko tu phool hi baante
khud daaman mein bharti kaante
kaisa ajab hai bhaag tumhaara
amar hai naari tyaag tumhaara
teri anokhi hai kurbaani
teri anokhi hai kurbaani
hai kurbaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaani

ye samaaj ne zulm hi dhaaye
kya kya tujhpe kalank lagaaye
soya hua bhagwaan na jaaga
raam ne bhi jab tujhko tyaaga
ban ban bhatke dard deewaani
ban ban bhatke dard deewani
dard deewani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kaheani
nayi seeta ki suno nayi kahaeni


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3868 Post No. : 14886

“Chhota Bhai”(1966) was directed by K P Atma for Olympic Pictures. This typical tear jerker movie had Rehman, Nutan, Master Mahesh Kumar, Lalita Pawar, Randhir, Lata Sinha, Sulochana Chatterji, Kammo, Chandrima Bhaduri, Brahm Bhardwaj, Baldev Mehta, Sadhu Singh, Abu Bakar, Ghulam, Master Anwar etc in it.

This movie had six songs in it. One song from this movie has been covered in the blog. That song was the 3000th song for the blog and 1000th song for Lata Mangeshkar in the blog.

That was on 20 september 2010. It comes as a great surprise to me that no other song from this movie has been discussed in the blog for more than eight years.

Here is the second song from “Chhota Bhai”(1966). This song is sung by Rafi. Anand Bakshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal.

This song is picturised as a calamity song on a kid and an elderly man, with the elderly man rowing a boat to safety with the kid with him. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify the artists seen in the picturisation of this song.

This song is the 400th song from the movies of 1966 in the blog.


Song-Raam tu sab ka rakhwaala (Chhota Bhai)(1966) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal

Lyrics

raam
tu sabka rakhwaala
raam
tu sabka rakhwaala
jab jab bhi ye man ghabraaya
jab jab bhi ye man ghabraaya
toone aan sambhaala
ho o raam
tu sabka rakhwaala

soone aangan dwaar sajaa de
soone aangan dwaar sajaa de
hamri bigdi baat banaa de
muskaanen waapas lautaa de
lene waala tu na kehla
lene waala tu na kehla
tu hai dene waala
ho o raam
tu sabka rakhwaala
raam
tu sabka rakhwaala

o o o
o o o o
aa aa aa
aa aa aa

ye vishwaas ki jyot jagaaye
ye vishwaas ki jyot jagaaye
hum tere mandir mein aaye
aas ka deepak toot na jaaye
ye andhiyaari rain churaa ke
ye andhiyaari rain churaa ke
le na jaaye ujaala
ho o raam
tu sabka rakhwaala
jab jab bhi ye man ghabraaya
jab jab bhi ye man ghabraaya
toone aan sambhaala
ho o raam
tu sabka rakhwaala
raam
tu sabka rakhwaala


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3811 Post No. : 14808 Movie Count :

4050

Today 24th December 2018 is the ninety-fourth (24 December 1924 – 31 July 1980) birth anniversary of the ‘divine voice’ Mohammad Rafi Saab.
And today 24th December also happens to be the birth anniversary actor Mahipal (24 December 1919 – 15 May 2005).
I have very deep respect and great admiration for both of them in my heart and it will be until we are associated with Hindi Films and Hindi Film Music.

It was in 2017 that I came to know about the birth anniversary of Mahipal ji and its falling on 24th December (because of this article on BHD by our own Shishir ji) – the same date – we have birth anniversary of Rafi Saab. So, last year I presented a song from the movie ‘Maharaja Vikram-1966’ here.

This year too I wish to present a song and thus was looking a song sung by Rafi Saab and lip synced by Mahipal. I think most of the songs may be have already been covered and I was able to find a ‘duet’ sung by Rafi Saab and Sudha Malhotra and lip synced on screen by Mahipal and Anita Guha.

This song is from the 1957 movie ‘Pawanputra Hanuman’.

It was directed by Babubhai Mistry for ‘Basant Pictures’. It was presented by Homi Wadia for ‘Wadia Brothers Productions’.

It had S.N. Tripathi, Mahipal, Anita Guha, B.M. Vyas, Krishna Kumari, Ratnamala, Heera Sawant, Indira Bansal, Korega, Amirbai Karnataki, Praveen Paul, Mumtaz, Master Prithvi, Helen, Kanchanmala, Shiela Vaz, Samar Roy, Dalpat, Sudesh, Ramshastri, Bhujbal Singh Uma Dutt, S.K. Singh, Shri Bhagwan, Ajit Kumar, R.S. Dubey, Abdullah, Yadav, Julian and others.

This movie had as many as ten songs composed by Chitragupta and written by G.S. Nepali (Six songs) and Saraswati Kumar Deepak (four songs).

Asha Bhonsle, Geeta Dutt, Manna Dey, Mohmmad Rafi, Shamshad Begam, Sudha Malhotra and Usha Mangeshkar had given their voices to the songs in this movie.

Today’s song is written by Gopal Singh Nepali.

Actually, I came across this song as a song from the movie ‘Hanuman Chalisa – 1969’ on YouTube. As I was not aware of the details of this movie, I asked for the movie page from HFGK Vol IV from my daughter. Going through the details as mentioned in HFGK it is mentions that: –
“As per information from the production house ‘Basant Pictures, Bombay’ (1) this film was a collection of some parts of the previous movies produced by them, (2) also including songs from those movies, (3) and this movie ‘Hanuman Chalisa-1969’ was not a full-length feature film.
That made me more curious to know about its songs (if any) presented on the blog and if the today’s song was already there.
From the list I could not found any songs on the blog and keep repeatedly searching for titles with ‘Hanuman Chalisa’… until I find a link on YT which mentions the name of the movie as ‘Pawanputra Hanuman-1957/ Hanuman Chalisa-1969’ for this song ‘mere Raam kahaan ho tum …’

Three songs from this movie ‘Pawanputra Hanuman-1957’ have already been posted on the blog wherein our two respected Seniors Arun ji and Sadanand ji have shared two and one posts respectively sharing songs of this movie.

Let us now enjoy the today’s song sung by Rafi Saab and Sudha Malhotra and performed on screen by Mahipal and Anita Guha.

Video (Full)
(video)
Audio (Partial)

Song-Mere Raam kahaan ho tum (Pawanputra Hamnuman)(1957)/(Hanuman Chalisa)(1969) Singers-Rafi, Sudha Malhotra, Lyrics-Gopal singh Nepali, MD-Chitragupta

Lyrics

Seete ae
He ae Seete ae …

Raam
He ae Raam …

Mere Raam kahaan ho tum
Mere Raam kahaan ho tum
virah ka dukh naa sahaa jaaye ae
Mere Raam kahaan ho tum

meri praan kahaan ho tum
meri praan kahaan ho tum
ke tum bin ab na rahaa jaaye ae ae
meri praan kahaan ho tum

chaand tumhi meri dharti tal mein
chaand tumhi meri dharti tal mein
kali kamal ki preet ke jal mein
aaj chhupi kis baadal dal mein
aaj chhupi kis baadal dal mein
mukh na dikhlaaye ae
meri praan kahaan ho tum
ke tum bin ab na rahaa jaaye
meri praan kahaan ho tum

charan tumhaare mujh se chhoote ae
charan tumhaare mujh se chhoote
saans na tooti naate toote
tum bhi swaami itna roothhe ae
tum bhi swaami itna roothhe ae
dukh mein nahin aaye ae ae
Mere Raam kahaan ho tum
virah ka dukh naa sahaa jaaye ae ae
Mere Raam kahaan ho tum

chaand Siya se mujhko milaao o
chaand Siya se mujhko milaao
udte chakoraan raah dikhaao
raah mein ab na der lagaao
raah mein ab na der lagaao
deep bujhaa jaaye ae
Mere Raam kahaan ho tum

meri praan kahaan ho tum
ke tum bin ab na rahaa jaaye ae ae
meri praan kahaan ho tum
kahaan ho tum
kahaan ho tum
kahaan ho tum

——————————-
Lyrics in Devnagri Script (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
——————————-
सीते ए
हे ए सीते ए

राम
हे ए राम …

मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम
मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम
विरह का दुःख ना सहा जाए ए
मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम

मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम
मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम
के तुम बिन अब ना रहा जाए ए ए
मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम

चाँद तुम्ही मेरी धरती तल में
चाँद तुम्ही मेरी धरती तल में
कली कमल की प्रीत के जल में
आज छुपी किस बादल दल में
आज छुपी किस बादल दल में
मुख ना दिखलाए ए
मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम
के तुम बिन अब ना रहा जाए ए ए
मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम

चरण तुम्हारे मुझ से छूटे ए
चरण तुम्हारे मुझ से छूटे ए
सांस ना टूटी नाते टूटे
तुम भी स्वामी इतना रूठे ए
तुम भी स्वामी इतना रूठे
दुःख में नहीं आये ए ए
मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम
विरह का दुःख ना सहा जाए ए ए
मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम

चाँद सिया से मुझको मिलाओ ओ
चाँद सिया से मुझको मिलाओ
उडते चकोरा राह दिखाओ
राह में अब ना देर लगाओ
राह में अब ना देर लगाओ
दीप बुझा जाए ए
मेरे राम कहाँ हो तुम

मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम
के तुम बिन अब ना रहा जाए ए ए
मेरी प्राण कहाँ हो तुम
कहाँ हो तुम
कहाँ हो तुम
कहाँ हो तुम


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3784 Post No. : 14766

“Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye”(1977) was a movie that must be regharded as a landmark movie of its time. It had a profound impact on movie goers who watched it. I was one of those who were impacted by this movie.

I was one of those who would only watch Amitabh Bachchan angry young man movies those days. And most movie watchers were like that. This movie was clearly a small budget non action movie which did not have Amitabh Bachchan. From the title, I concluded that it was a “sissy” kind of movie not fit to be watched by action movie watchers like yours truly. 🙂

The local daily newspaper that I got those days carried a list of local cinema halls and movies played in them. This movie was released in a new movie hall called “Uphaar”. Most movie halls of Ranchi were located around a single road of Ranchi called “Main Road”. This hall was one of the four that were not located on that road and was in fact situated as the farthest distance. Not that it mattered for movie goers like me. I had watched “Don”(1978) in that hall and I had quite enjoyed that experience. But that was an Amitabh Bachchan action movie, as one can notice. There was no way I was going to this hall to watch “Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye”(1977).

Most movies in Ranchi those days lasted for just three or four weeks if they were popular movies. “Sholay”(1975), the biggest hit of that time had lasted for 14 weeks, which was a big achievement for a place like Ranchi those days.

I noticed that this movie “Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye”(1977) was going on and on and it was showing on signs of being taken off even after the passage of seven or eight weeks. A few weeks later, this movie was taken off “Uphaar”, but released in “Sandhya”, another movie hall not on Main Road, but close enough to my College. Incidentally, I college was located at a place where the main road ended /started and the road going towards Sandhya cinema called Purulia road started/ended. That central location where roads ended/started was called Firayalal Chowk, which was renamed as Albert Ekka Chowk in 1972. Albert Ekka, a native of those places won Paramveer Chakra during 1971 war and so this landmark, one of the most important landmarks in Ranchi was renamed in his honour though the place continued to be known by its earlier name as well.

Coming back to topic, “Sandhya” cinema was close to my college. I decided to watch the movie to see what the fuss was all about. I went to the movie hall, with very low expectations.

For the first few minutes, I thought that I had wasted my time and money. But soon thereafter, I warmed up to the movie and became engrossed in it. By the time the movie ended, I was overwhelmed, as were the others who had come to watch it. I liked the movie so much that I watched it four more times. It was the first time that I went for repeat watch of a movie.

The movie had a simple tale that may have been told quite a few times. Here is the plot of the movie as mentioned in wikipedia:
Seth Harikrishan, the industrialist had as his heir, his only grandson Prem. The grandfather’s only desire was to see the bride of his grandson. When he fell seriously ill, his friend and doctor Farid prevailed upon Prem to bring his girl friend Rita, whom he wanted to marry. But as luck would have it, Rita had gone away to Srinagar to participate in a fashion show and she could not return, as due to snowfall all roads were blocked and air service was suspended. To satisfy his dying grandfather, Prem suggested to his company’s Public Relations Officer Jagdish to hire a model girl who could pose as Rita for some time. Instead, Jagdish brought an illiterate flower seller girl Kammo, with whom Prem and his sweetheart Rita had many altercations. But when Rita came, followed by her scheming mother, Kammo knew that her days were numbered. Yet all efforts of Rita and her mother to win the grandfather’s favours failed. Ultimately, on the birthday of the grandfather, Rita’s mother divulged the truth to doctor Farid. And at the birthday party, it was apparent that Kammo’s true identity was known to everyone. Despite this, the grandfather announced his grandson’s engagement to Kammo, whom he had really liked. His grandson blew into a rage and threatened to leave the house along with Rita and her mother. The grandfather did not stop him. Prem rushed to Rita only to find that without his grandfather’s wealth, his love and sacrifice had no meaning for her. Meanwhile, Kammo, hurt and disillusioned, decided to leave the house for good. Did Prem realise his mistake? Did Kammo forgive him? Did the grandfather welcome him back? See for yourself.

This movie was a Rajshree Productions movie directed by Lekh Tandan. The movie had Rameshwari, Prem Kishan, Shyamlee, Madan Puri, Iftekhar, Shivraj, Sunder, Leela Mishra, Savita Bajaj, Piloo Wadia, Shashikala, Viju Khote, Jagdeep etc in it. Rameshwari, who made her debut with this movie became a overnight sensation. It was she who won over the heart of millions in her role of a simple illiterate flower seller Kammo.

Rameshwari’s debut was like a cricketer scoring a century on test debut. There are many cricketers who have done that but then failed to replicate that in subsequent movies. Sadly the same happened with Rameshwari as well. Her subsequent movies were damp squibs and this debut movie of hers remains the biggest highlight of her acting career.

As far as I am concerned, I remember her for this role. The magic that she cast over her audience in this movie four decade ago is yet to wear off. I realised this fact when I watched the picturisation of this song in the process of covering this song in the blog.

The other big attraction of this movie was its music. In fact, it was the music of this song blaring out on loudspeakers that played an important role in forcing me to go to the movie hall.Ravindra Jain’s music and Hemlata’s voice created magic in this movie and also in subsequent Rajshree Production movies for nearly a decade.

Here is this bhajan for “Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye”(1977). It is sung by Hemlata and chorus. The picturisation shows Kammo singing this bhajan and the rest of the family, including the ailing sethji (Madan Puri) getting attracted towards the puja room and joining her.

One can find such beloved figures of those days as Leela Mishra (playing her usual role) and Ifthikhar (playing not a police officer but a kindly family Doctor). Prem Kishan (son of Premnath) was the errant grandson of sethji and the hero of this movie. The picturisation also reminds us of those days when long distance telephone calls were not as easy (and cheap) as they have become now a days. 🙂


Song-Mangal bhawan amangalhaari (Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye)(1977)Hemlata, Traditional, Ravindra Jain
Chorus

mangal bhavan amangal haari ee ee ee ee
dravhu sudasrath achar bihaari
raam siyaaraam siyaaraam jay jay raam
raam siyaaraam siyaaraam jay jay raam

o o
jiya bin deh nadi bin paani ee ee ee ee
jaisiyanaath(?) purush bin naari
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay raam
raam
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay raam

o o o
tum te adhik punya badhkaake ae ae ae
raajan raam sarit sut jaake
raam siyaraam siyaram jay jay ram
o o
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay ram

ram siyaram siyaram siyaram
ram siyaram siyaram jay jay raam

o o
hoi hai sohi jo raam rachi raakha aa aa aa aa
ko kari taraa badhai saaka
raam siyaram siyaaram jay jay raam
raam
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay raam

o o o
jehike jehi par satya sanehu u u u
so tehi milayi na kachhu sandehu
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay raam
o o
ram siyaram siyaram jay jay raam

ho o
maat pita guru prabhu ke baani ee ee ee
bin hi bichaari kariya shubh gyaani
ram siyaaram siyaaram jay jay raam
raam

raam
raam siyaram siyaram jay jay raam
ho o
hari anant hari katha ananta
aa aa aa aa
kahahi sunahi bahuvidhi sab santa
raam siyaram siyaaram jay jay raam
o o
raam siyaaram siyaram jay jay ram
o o o
raam siyaaraam siyaaraam jay jay raam


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3772 Post No. : 14749 Movie Count :

4033

Since the day making of talkie films started in India, till today, no one knows how many actors have worked in films. Few years back, one gentleman had made a list of 7000 actors up to year 2000 and it was posted on a site, which is now defunct. Ordinary film buffs do not know all the names. The experts, perhaps, may know more. Fact remains that there are only few actors known to all and few known to some.

Some time ago, one of my friends and I took a bet on who knows more names of actors. The time limit fixed was 24 hours and no books etc. were to be referred. Next day, we exchanged our lists. Can you believe, I could not cross even 50 ! My friend was better, he wrote 54 names !! When you have some time, try doing this yourself, at least once.

Same case is with music directors and singers. Though no definite number is available, it is generally presumed that there were 1200 to 1500 music directors. How many can you list ?

As far as singers are concerned, it is a different story. I classify film singers into 4 categories.

  1. Regular playback singers like Rafi, Geeta Dutt, Asha, Mukesh, Lata etc
  2. Those who acted and sang – early era actors till 1950
  3. Accidental singers – These are non singers, who sang few lines or a song in a film, sometimes – like Dilip Kumar, Amitabh, many comedians etc., and
  4. Occasional singers – This is the biggest list. Some of the names in this category are, Ira Nigam, Anima Dasgupta, Balwant Singh, Bharat Vyas, Gopal Patel, Hridaynath Mangeshkar, Malti Pande, Jikki, Narendra Chanchal, Pinakin Shah, Ram Marathe, Shobha Gurtu, Seeta Agarwal, Mrs. Vishnilal, Laxmi Kumthekar etc.

It includes those singers, who sang 6-8 songs and disappeared. It also includes those singers who are from other languages like Marathi, Gujarati, Punjabi, Telugu, Tamil etc, but have sung few songs in Hindi too.

Today’s song is also sung by a singer who was a regular singer in Gujarati and Marathi films and occasional singer in Hindi films. The song is from film ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950) and the singer is Leela Mehta. Leela is not new to our blog. Four of her songs are already discussed here.

Daughter of Kanhaiyalal Mehta and Indumati, Leela was born on 10-12-1935 at Borivali in Bombay. She was elder of the two sisters. Due to loss in business, her family shifted first to Ahmedabad and later to Baroda, where they settled. Leela studied in Marathi medium school – New Era Vidyalay in Baroda. Leela participated in all functions of the school and acted in dramas, much to the annoyance of their social circle. She developed interest in singing after listening to songs by Khursheed and Kananbala. She started learning music despite the resistance from home and others in their society.

VM Vyas, the famous director and a family friend knew about her interest and offered her the main role in film ‘Ranak Devi’ (1946). She was just 11 year old and did not suit the role, but she was given another role in it. Kokila Balsara aka Nirupa Roy too acted in it as a Debut film.

Due to her father’s death, the family shifted to Bombay and Leela took the responsibility of being the bread earner by acting and singing in dramas and radio plays. Meanwhile she learnt further music from Prof. Surendra Rao. She started acting and singing in Gujarati films. Ranjit Movietone offered her a big role in film ‘Gunsundari’ (1948), but since the role needed her to put on a sleeveless blouse, she refused that role. Finally, it went to Dulari. She, however sang songs in that film and they became quite popular in Gujarat.

Leela Mehta had grown up in Marathi atmosphere and also was educated in Marathi Medium, so her Marathi was very good. She was invited to work in Marathi dramas. She did roles in famous and popular Marathi dramas and also sang songs. From 1950 onwards, she started acting in Gujarati dramas. Meanwhile she used to sing in Hindi films occasionally. In early 50s, she made very successful foreign trips with her troupe, to perform Gujarati dramas and singing concerts.

Inspite of being successful and acting and singing in Marathi, Hindi and Gujarati films and dramas, her father did not see even one show of hers. This pained her till end. Leela stayed in a bungalow in Versova in Bombay. Once it was rumoured that there was a ghost in it. She immediately left that house and shifted to Dadar. Inadvertently, she forgot to inform the industry about her change of address, and this diminished her demand drastically.

Her mother died in 1972. In 1982, she toured USA. In 1985, the Marathi Natya Parishad honoured her with a cash award. Till 1992, she acted in Marathi and Gujarati TV serials. In all, Leela acted in 300 Gujarati/Marathi dramas, films and serials. Presently Leela is bedridden and unable to speak also.

Leela Mehta acted in only one Hindi film – ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950). She sang 17 songs in 9 Hindi films, including 2 unreleased films. Her films are  ‘Nai Kahaani’ (1943) (2 songs), ‘Gaurav’ (1947) (1), ‘Namak’ (1947) (1), ‘Pehli Pehchan’ (1947) (2), ‘Gunsundari’ (1948) (2), ‘Satyawan Savitri’ (1948) (no information), ‘Chocolate’ (1950) (no information), ‘Shri Ram Avatar’ (1950) (4) and ‘Hanste Rehna’ (1950) (1). Her unreleased films were, Apradh (1948) (3) and ‘Bidhaata’ (1948) (1).

Film ‘Shri Ram Avtar’ was made under the banner of Praveen Leela Productions. It was directed by W Garcher – a name I have come across first time. He seems to have acted also in this film. The other cast was Shahu Modak, Ratnamala, Leela Mishra, Amarnath, Leela Mehta and others. Lyricist was Pt. Shivraj and the music was by Indravadan Bhatt.

Most names in the cast seem familiar except that of Ratnamala. How many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films (131 Hindi films) to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio sketch of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, who cast her as a heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande, selected for the role of Bharat’s wife, fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too, the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were, ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh Kaun Thi’, ‘Nishan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Sayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta Aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more in Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye‘ (आये) in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandit, a Producer Director in Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

The hero in this film was Shahu Modak. Shahu Modak was a regular actor in many religious films. He did Krishna’s role in over 30 films. He was born in a Christian family of Ahmednagar (Maharashtra), on 25-4-1918. He was trained in music by his Uncle Nivritinath Modak . He also got trained by Ustad Abdul Kareem Khan. There was a gym in his house and he became an expert in wrestling too. He was discovered by Bhal ji Pendharkar. Producer Nanasaheb Sarpotdar gave him his first break in films. He made his debut with a bilingual film from Prabhat – ‘Shyamsundar’ (1932), as a child artist. Shanta Apte also was a child artist debuting in this film. He also sang a song in this film.

In the next year itself he did a hero’s role in another bilingual – ‘Awara Shehzada’ (1933) (‘Ghatkecha Raja’ in Marathi). With this film, he entered the film History books for doing the first double role in a talkie film ever. He was a prince – Rajkumar and a pauper – Bholaram, in this film. The director of this film was Master Vithal, who himself was the first hero to do a double role in a silent film ‘Prisoner of Love’, in 1927.

Shahu became famous when he did the Havaldar Ganapat’s role in the landmark movie of Prabhat – ‘Aadmi’ (1939) (‘Maanus’ in Marathi). From 1932 to 1986 he acted in about 96 films. His last film too was a mythological – ‘Krishna Leela’ (1986), in which he did Krishna’s role for the last time, at the age of 68 years. He featured in many films of Prakash Pictures, which was a mythological film specialist studio. Shahu Modak initially sang his own songs. He must have sung about 54 songs in 18 films. From the film ‘Bhakta Pooran’ (1952), he started taking playback. But in 1971 he sang a song in film ‘Main Sunder Hoon’.

Shahu Modak passed away on 11-5-1993. There are two interesting things about Shahu Modak. One, he was a very accurate Astrologer. It is said that he had predicted his own date of death. Secondly, like Manhar Desai (Malcolm Alfredo Desai), he too was a Christian and both did roles of Hindu Gods in mythological films.

Let us now enjoy the Leela Mehta song from film ‘Shri Ram Avtar’. The movie makes its debut in the blog with this song.

[Acknowledgements: My thanks to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for some information from his book, ‘ Inhe Na Bhulaana’.]


Song – Aayi Aayi Basant Ritu Aayi  (Shri Ram Avtar) (1950) Singer – Leela Mehta, Lyrics – Pt Shivraj, Music – Indravadan Bhatt
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

mere mann ki kali
yug yug ki pali
aaj. . kisi ko dekh muskaai
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

chaand hain naina bolo
kis ke liye aaj
solah singaar kiya
kis ke liye
chaand hain naina bolo
kis ke liye aaj
solah singaar kiya
kis ke liye
kaun si surat
kaun wo moorat
kaun si surat
kaun wo moorat
bhole mann mein aaj samaai
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

mann vyakul hai
baat mukh pen a aaye
mukh pe jo aaye
laaj kehne na paaye
hoga suraj ya to
chanda sa koi
hoga suraj ya to
hoga suraj ya to
chanda sa koi
raja ?? ?? ?? hoga wo koi
raja ?? ?? ?? hoga wo koi

hoon hoon hoon

aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi
aayi aayi
basant ritu aayi
sunder ritu aayi
daali daali ne li agndaayi

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

मेरे मन की काली
युग युग की पाली’
आज॰॰ किसी को देख मुसकाई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

चाँद हैं नैना बोलो
किसके लिए आज
सोलह सिंगार किया
किसके लिए
चाँद हैं नैना बोलो
किसके लिए आज
सोलह सिंगार किया
किसके लिए
कौन सी सूरत
कौन वो मूरत
कौन सी सूरत
कौन वो मूरत
भोले मन में आज समाई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई

मन व्याकुल है
बात मुख पे ना आये
मुख पे जो आए
लाज कहने ना पाये
होगा सूरज या तो
चंदा सा कोई
होगा सूरज या तो
चंदा सा कोई
राजा ?? ?? ?? होगा वो कोई
राजा ?? ?? ?? होगा वो कोई

हूँ हूँ हूँ

आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई
आई आई
बसंत ऋतु आई
सुंदर ऋतु आई
डाली डाली ने ली अंगड़ाई


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has exactly 15700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2020) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1211
Total Number of movies covered =4323

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