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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Song of 1938’ Category


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3474 Post No. : 13952

The name Keshavrao Dhaiber may not ring any bells for most readers of the Blog. He was not as famous as V Shantaram, one of his contemporaries and a colleague in Maharashtra Film Company and later in Prabhat Film Company. I became aware of his name only during the last 2-3 years when I was deep into the film songs of 1930s and 40s. But the name did not interest me much until recently when I came across a song from his film ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) which made me to study his filmy career.

Kolhapur born Keshavrao Dhaiber (1890-1978) who had done a short stint in the Army as Lancer, started his filmy career in Baburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film Company, Kolhapur as an actor and a technician in the early 1920s. Here, he came in contact with V Shantaram. Both of them made their debuts as directors for a silent film– Netaji Palkar (1927) which they co-directed. In 1929, due to differences with Baburao Painter, V Shantaram and Keshavrao Dhaiber left Maharashtra Film Company and formed Prabhat Film Company along with V G Damle, Fatehlal and Sitaram Kulkarni in Kolhapur. Under this banner, Keshavrao Dhaiber and V Shantaram co-directed 3 silent films – ‘Khooni Khanjar’ (1930), ‘Rani Saheeba’ (1930) and ‘Udaykaal’ (1931). He got his first film as an independent director in ‘Zuloom’ (1931), a silent film. [Source: Encyclopaedia of Indian Cinema – Ashish Rajadhyaksha].

I find from his filmography of talkie films that Keshavrao Dhaiber and V Shantaram combination worked as Cinematographer and Director, respectively for ‘Maya Machhindra’ (1932), ‘Ayodhya Ka Raja’ (1932), ‘Sinhagad’ ( Marathi,1933), ‘Sairandhri’ (1933), ‘Amritmanthan’ (1934) and ‘Chandrasena’ (1935). Dhaiber got the opportunity to independently direct his first Hindi talkie film ‘Rajput Ramani’(1936).

During the making of ‘Chandrasena (1935) and ‘Rajput Ramani’ (1936), Dhaiber got romantically involved with the films’ heroine, Nalini Tarkhad. As per the contract among the partners of Prabhat Film Company, partners were not allowed to be romantically linked with actresses who were in the payroll of the Company. Since this was a breach of contract, Dhaiber was forced to resign from the partnership of the Company. He later married Nalini Tarkhad.

It is said that the most vocal among the partners to force Dhaiber to resign from Prabhat was V Shantaram. Interestingly, in 1941, V Shantaram too got romantically linked with Jaishree Kamulkar, another actress in the payroll of Prabhat Film Company whom he married in October 1941. Soon, V Shantaram left Prabhat to form his own film company, Rajkamal Kala Mandir. While V Shantaram’s filmy career continued to flourish after he left Prabhat, same was not the case for Keshavrao Dhaiber.

After leaving Prabhat, Dhaiber formed his own film production company, Jaishree Pictures. Under this banner, he produced and directed ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) which was made in Marathi and Hindi. He roped in A V Meiyappan (AVM) as producer and Jayantilal Thakore (probably, financier/film distributor) for the Tamil version which was also directed by Dhaiber with a Tamil speaking Assistant Director, Krishnaswami. Unfortunately, all the three versions of the film did not fare well on the box office resulting in heavy losses for him and his newly set up banner. As a result, Dhaiber had to close down his film production company.

It is interesting to note that Prabhat’s ‘Gopalakrishna’ (1938) was released just a month ahead of Dhiaber’s ‘Nand Kumar; (1938). Both had, more or less, the same mythological story. Another interesting part of these two films was that while Ram Marathe played the role of Krishna in childhood in ‘Gopalakrishna’ (1938), the same role for ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) was played by his brother, Anant Marathe. ‘Gopalakrishna’ (1938) was the 3rd highest grosser at the box office for 1938 while ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) failed at the box office.

After directing a couple of Marathi films in 1939, he joined Minerva Movietone and directed ‘Ulti Ganga’ (1942) and ‘Bhakta Raidas’ (1943). However, these films too failed at the box office plunging his already downward filmy career further. Dhaiber re-joined Prabhat Film Company as Production Supervisor during 1943-46. Later, he was associated with Famous Studios. His last film as a director was the Marathi film ‘Sudamache Pohe’ (1958). He also made a few documentary films for Maharashtra and Gujarat Governments. He wrote his autobiography ‘Eka Zindagichi Patkatha’ (Screen-play of a Life) which was released in 1967. Unfortunately, I could not get this book either from the publisher nor could I locate it online.

Keshavrao Dhaiber left for the heavenly abode on May 11, 1978 at a ripe age of 88.

Today, ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938) makes its debut in the Blog which was Keshavrao Dhaiber’s first Hindi film as producer-director under his own banner, Jaishree Pictures. The star cast included Durga Khote, Anant Marathe, Govindrao Tembe, Jaishree Kamulkar, Govind Kurvalikar etc. As mentioned earlier, the film was simultaneously produced in Marathi, Hindi and Tamil. While the star cast for the Marathi and Hindi versions were, more or less, the same, the Tamil version had different star cast which included T P Rajlakshmi (Yashoda), T R Mahaligam (Lord Krishna), C V V Panthulu (Nandgopan), Master Sethuraman (Krishna in childhood), T R Ramchandran etc.

The Tamil version of the film also did not do well at the box office. However, the film became the stepping stone for the debutant actors T R Mahalingam, the singer and T R Ramchandran, the comedian. Also, it was the debut film for music director S V Venkataraman. For the first time, the playback system in a Tamil film was used in this film with Lalitha Venkataraman lending her voice to the actress playing the role of Devki. [Source: The Hindu, October 12, 2007].

The song I am presenting today is from the Hindi version of ‘Nand Kumar’ (1938). Durga Khote (in the role of Yashoda) sings this unique type of the song ‘rooth gaye kyon kunwar kanhaai’. The song with prelude and interlude of conversations is not an usual lullaby but a song to assure a crying child. The song is penned by Pandit Veer and it is set to music by G P Kapoor.


Song-Roothh gaye kyun kunwar kanhaai (Nand Kumar)(1938) Singer-Durga Khote, Lyrics-Pt Veer, MD-G P Kapoor

Lyrics

[haan haan haan
kyun rota hai
mera laal
mera pyaara
kyun kyun
maara mere bachche ko
kisne maara
haan haan haan
nahin
chup chup chup
mera bachha]

roothh gaye kyun kunwar kanhaai
roothh gaye kyon kunwar kanhaai
maiyya par bar bar bar jaai
maiyya par bar bar bar jaai
rooth gaye kyon kunwar kanhaai
rooth gaye

[kyun
kyun mere laal
maara
kisen maara mere bachche ko
mera pyaara
hmm hmm hmm
mera munna
mera lalla]

ro ro ansuwan jhari lagaayi
ro ro ansuwan jhari lagaayi
baadal dekh chakoran aayi
baadal dekh chakoran aayi
kyun chanda par badali chhaayi
kyon chanda par badali chhaayi
rooth gaye kyun kunwar kanhaai
rooth gaye kyun kunwar kanhaai

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Who was the first female music director in Hindi film Industry? The answer to this question has changed thrice during the last few years.

It was believed that Saraswati Devi (real name: Khorshed Minocher-Homji) was the first female music director who composed songs for ‘Jawaani Ki Hawa’ (1935), produced under the banner of Bombay Talkies. Subsequently, it was established that Jaddanbai, who composed the songs for ‘Talaash-e-Haq’ (1935) was the first female music director, her film having been released earlier than ‘Jawaani Ki Hawa’. It will be interesting to know as to which of the songs from these two films were recorded first on the respective film’s sound track.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

THE SECRETARY (1938) was produced under the banner of Ranjit Movietone and it was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi. The star cast included Madhuri, Trilok Kapoor, Charlie, Kalyani, Begg, Wahidan Bai, Rajkumari etc. The film was based on a story written by Gunvantrai Acharya, one of the most prolific novelists in Gujarati language. By the way, I observe that Gunvantrai Acharya wrote story and screen play for films directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi for Ranjit Movietone like Gorakh Aaya (1938), Musaafir (1940) and Sasural (1941). Both came to Ranjit Movietone after their stints with journalism in Gujarati newspapers. Incidentally, all the three films and the film under discussion had Gyan Dutt as the music director.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Street Singer” (1938) was directed by Phani Majumdar for New Theatres. The movie brought together K L Saigal and Kanan Devi together for the first time. This movie had thirteeen songs in it. As many as ten songs from this movie have been covered in the blog.
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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 8
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

An absolute gem.  A duet song from 1938 about which almost no information is available.  Just that the film is ‘Baanke Saanwariya’ and the name of the music director is  Damodar Sharma.  I even checked the actual 78 rpm record of this song, which is available with my friend.  Even the names of the singers is not mentioned.
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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

One of the 8 films made and released in 1938 from the ‘factory’ of Ranjit Movietone was an obscure movie PROFESSOR WAMAN, M.Sc. (1938). The film, belonging to the genre of crime and mystery, was directed by Manibhai Vyas who made his debut as a director with this film. The star cast included E. Billimoria, Mazhar Khan, Sunita Devi, Beg, Sitara Devi, Rajkumari, Waheedan Bai etc. The film had 8 songs written by P L Santoshi and were set to music by Gyan Dutt. The film was released on 10th December 1938.
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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Abhaagin”(1938) was a New Theatres movie. The movie had Vijay Kumar, Molina Devi, Prithwiraj kapoor, Trilok Kapoor, Bikram Kapoor (father of Meena Kapoor the singer), Devbala, Kamala Jharia, Chaman Puri(his Debut film), Menaka (wife of Kamran and sister of Honey Irani and Daisy Irani Shukla) Nemo etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Abhaagin”(1938) was a New Theatres movie. The details of this movie were provided by Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our beloved inhoise encyclopaedia, in the past. Here is what he has to say about this movie:
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Abhaagin”(1938) was a New Theatres movie. The details of this movie were provided by Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our beloved inhoise encyclopaedia. Here is what he has to say about this movie:
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Dharti Mata”(1938) was directed by Nitin Bose for New Theatres, Calcutta. The movie had K L Saigal, Jagdeesh Sethi, Kamlesh Kumari, Nemo, Nawab, K C Dey, Uma Shashi, Vikram Kapoor, Shaam Laha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3500 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1143
Total Number of movies covered =3901

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