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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15255 Movie Count :

4192

Today’s song is from film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). This is the first song of this film to be discussed here. I am surprised how this film was not featured on the blog so far, because songs of this film have been on You Tube for quite some time. May be, because the entire team of this mythological film was from Marathi film industry and the names of producer, director, MD, or the cast were not familiar to the most people. It is because this was a bilingual film, made first in Marathi as ‘Gokulcha Raja’ (गोकुळचा राजा) way back in 1950 and the Hindi version was released only in 1954.

Made by Yashodhan Chitra, Bombay for producers Nana Bapat and Haribhau Guruji, the film was directed by a well known Marathi Director – Bal Gajbar. He had earlier directed another bilingual Hindi-Marathi film ‘Sandesh’ (1952) and before that yet another bilingual ‘Mere Laal’ (1948) (माझं बाळ in Marathi). Bal Gajbar had directed few Kannada films too, like ‘Vichitra Prapancha’ (1955). Before becoming a director, he was an art director with V Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kala Mandir.

All songs of the film were written by YN Joshi. The Music Director was Shridhar Parsekar – a name very few people will remember. I wrote about him first time in my series “Less Known Composers”, on 17-12-2012, seven years ago. Not much was known about him then. In January 2017, Sadanand Kamath ji wrote on him. In last nearly 3 years, some new information has become available on him, so his bio data is now updated further. As the new sources give new information, the history keeps on updating itself. This is a regular process of nature.

Hindi film music is like an ocean. As many rivers merge into the ocean at various stages, regional music from various parts of India is assimilated in HFM (Hindi Film Music).

Initially it was the Marathi stage/natya sangeet and Parsee Theatre which influenced HFM. In the East, it was Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti made the basis of film songs. In the Lahore centre it was the Punjabi style after ‘Khazanchi’ (1941).

After Partition and polarisation of film production language wise, it was BOMBAY, which became the centre for HFM and it was a wonderful mixture of music specialties from all over the country. There were many successful Music Directors in India. I remember a famous quotation – “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”

Can you tell me,who is behind every successful Music Director ? I am sure many of us do not have the answer.

The answer is THE ARRANGER.

Now, who is this arranger? Some have a vague idea, some may even think, he is the person who arranges song recordings and the musicians.

An arranger is the SOUL of film music. Once the composer conceives the tune for a song, he tells it to the arranger, who immediately makes its notations (writing music or Swar Lipi), which a properly schooled musician can read and play. Arranger also decides the instruments and their placements in the song. Most of the arrangers in the Film Industry were from Goa, where traditionally Jazz music was very popular.

A typical Goan likes to live life – ‘sushegaat’– which loosely means ‘araam se‘ or a carefree life. Their philosophy is eat, drink and be merry. This merry part includes Music.

Goa has given many musicians to India. Lata/Asha are  from Mangeshi – Goa, though the family had shifted to Kolhapur, MDs Dattaram (Wadkar) and N Datta (Datta Naik), Singers Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Shobha Mudgal, Hema Sardesai, Prabhakar Karekar, Remo Fernandez, Lorna are from Goa. (The list is only indicative, not exhaustive).

Most Arrangers were from Goa —-

Anthony Gonsalves from Majorda, Goa. He worked for Naushad,OP Nayyar and LP. The famous song “My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves” is a tribute by LP to him. He had taught Pyaarelal so many things including notations.

Chic Chocolate aka Anthony Vaz from Aldona, Goa. He worked for C Ramchandra mainly.

Chris Perry worked for Khayyam, RD Burman, Kalyanji Anandji, and Laxmikant Pyaarelal.

Frank Fernando – Anil Biswas, Kishore Kumar, Roshan, C Ramchandra.

Sebastian D’Souza from Bicholim, Goa – worked for Shanker Jaikishen from 1952 to 1975, and also OP Nayyar.

Most of the players of western instruments in the orchestras were from Goa.

From this crop of musicians from Goa, there was one outstanding musician – SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR, who was a singer, a famous violin player, composer of many Marathi songs/films/dramas and few Hindi films. He was an expert in playing almost 10 different instruments.

SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR was born in 1920 in Goa. From the childhood he was a lover of music and learnt classical music, first from his uncle Parshuram Buwa Parsekar and he was trained by him in playing various instruments like harmonium, jaltarang, tabla and violin. He was a disciple of Gajanan Buwa Joshi a noted musician. He operated a vand in Bardez, Goa and played violin, clarinet, harmonium and many other instruments. He was a genius and soon became famous for playing violin.

He came to Bombay and continued learning music here under many well known gurus, like Khadeem Hussain Khan, Natthan Khan and Anwar Hussain. Soon he was performing in stage shows doing jugalbandis with stars of the day like Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan and Akbar Ali Khan. Kishen Maharaj was very pleased with him. For some time he joined AIR Bombay as a musician and got friendly with Ustad Alla Rakha who also worked in AIR. RG Ramnathkar, who got him the AIR job, also taught him many Raaga/Raaginis. Parsekar worked at AIR for 6 years.

Later he worked as asst. to Music Director Annasaheb Mainkar and then started as MD for Marathi Films and stage dramas. His music in dramas like ‘Bhakta Damaji’, ‘Paisa Bolto Ahe’, ‘Kuber’ and ‘Kanyadaan’ was very popular. He also recorded many bhavgeets and natyageets from reputed singers in Marathi. HMV and Odeon published his records. Singers like Jyotsna Bhole, Saraswati Rane, Hirabai Badodekar, Vatsala Kumthekar and Master Krishnarao Chonkar also sang for him. One of his songs- “Vithal Vithal Gajari, Awaghi Dum Dumali Pandhari” ( “विठ्ठल विठ्ठल गजरी, अवघी दुमदुमली पंढरी” ) from ‘Bhakta Damaji’ is so popular that it is sold even today.

With Marathi films, recording of private songs, stage shows with prominent musicians, Shridhar had every happiness with him. He had a bungalow, cars, bank balance, name, fame and plenty of demand. He wrote a book on music – ‘Swar Ninad‘.

And then it happened !

He became an alcoholic. Normally, a person becomes alcoholic when he is unsuccessful. But this was an opposite case. While on the top of success he became an alcoholic. He used to drink day and night.

Once there was a jugalbandi programme with Ustad Vilayat Khan. Shridhar came fully drunk to the theatre. Vilayat Khan scolded him and left the show. Such things kept on happening, leading to his downfall. He stopped getting work and all his wealth, house, cars etc. was sold for liquor. His condition was such that he would play violin on streets and earn money. Lata Mangeshkar has narrated an incident, which I read in a book ‘From Noorjehan to Lata’ by Isak Mujawar. The book says…

“One day Lata’s car stopped in the traffic. Out of curiosity she peeped out to see what happened. There was a person in tattered clothes playing a violin beautifully and people had gathered to listen to him. Some people gave him alms. She asked the driver if he knew that person. The driver replied that it was Parsekar Buwa. She got down, went to Parsekar and told him to come with her. She will look after him now. On this, Parsekar replied that her father had asked him to look after their family, which he could not do, so why should she look after him. If she wanted to help, just give some money. She gave him 50 rupees and he almost ran away from there – probably to the wine shop !“

Finally Shridhar Parsekar died of liver cirrhosis on 10-9-1964 !  He was only 44 years old !!  Such a brilliant artist wasted by alcohol. So sad ! Pt Ravi Shankar and Vilayat Khan had personally met his family after his death, so much was the respect for his talent !!

In addition to 7 Marathi films, Shridhar Parsekar gave music to five Hindi films – ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), ‘Mahakavi Kalidas’ (1944), ‘Meri Amanat’ (1947), ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ (1948) and ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). He composed 45 songs in these films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films, ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ and ‘Gokul Ka Raja. Many famous singers sang for him, like, Minakshi, Khan Mastana, Rajkumari, Master Krishnarao, Mohantara, Vinodini Dikshit etc.

(Information from these sources also used herein- Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, Purvasurinche Soor by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar and the book ‘Kalatmak Gomantak’ – Kala Academy, Panji – 1972) .

The cast of the film consisted of Dwarakanath, Ratnamala, Chandrakant, Gauri, Hanumanta, Angre etc.

I do not know anything about actor Dwarakanath. Never heard of his name before or after this film ever. Actor Chandrakant was Chandrakant Mandhare (real name Gopal) – the elder brother of the more popular brother Suryakant. These two brothers ruled the Marathi cinema from the late 40s to the 60s.

Gauri was originally Tanibai Dawari, who was active in Prabhat from the silent era. She became famous because of her role of Awali – the shrew wife of Sant Tukaram in that film in 1936. I have recently written in details about her, only last month. As far as the heroine Ratnamala is concerned, how many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio-data of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. Her father was Auditor of Central Bank, Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. Due to family’s financial problems, she started looking for work. She was proficient in Marathi, Gujarati, English and Urdu languages. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, Poona, who cast her as Heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande selected for the role of Bharat’s wife fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh kaun thi’, ‘Nishaan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Saayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye’ (आये )  in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandir, producer director of Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

Today’s song is the first song sung by Shridhar Parsekar that is being presented. One can easily make out from his clear voice, impeccable pronunciations and the classical singing style that the singer is trained in classical music and is a knowledgeable person. With this song the film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ and singer Shridhar Parsekar are making their debut on this Blog.

Song – Mangal Prabhat Jaage Surya Kiran Sang (Gokul Ka Raja) (1954) Singer – Sridhar Parsekar, Lyrics – YN Joshi, MD – Sridhar Parsekar

Lyrics

jaa..aa..aa..aage ae ae ae
jaage ae ae ae

jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage

go dhan amrit varsha karta..aa..aa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
go dhan amrit varsha karta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
baal gopal
baal gopal charaayen gaayen
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage

surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
jaa..aa..aa..aage

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे ए ए ए
जागे ए ए ए

जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आsss आsss आsss
गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
बाल गोपाल
बाल गोपाल चराएं गाएँ
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे

सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे

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This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15254 Movie Count :

4191

First of all, my apologies for my infrequent appearances here. Even calling it a cameo is unfair to a cameo, because, to be honest, it is not even that. It is more like, a “blink and you miss” situation.

Anyway, here I am today, back with a post. The occasion is the Remembrance Day of someone very special to the Hindi film industry, and also to me. He has millions of fans around the world and is easily one of the legends of the industry.

I am talking about Kishore Kumar, of course.

I’ve written about Kishore Kumar many times in the past. And yet, when Avinash ji requested me to write a post for this occasion, I immediately agreed. Such is my love for Kishore Kumar that even if I repeat myself and bore my readers in the process 🙂 , I could not bring myself to say no.  🙂

The problem then was to get the required writing mood back. What they say about writing is very true. If you don’t write for an extended period of time, you gradually lose the ability to do so. That is why many writers practise their writing everyday, by writing at least a minimum number of words.

When I wrote to Avinash ji saying “Mere thoughts gather nahin ho rahe. I have lost the ability to write”, he replied “Aap Kishore Kumar ke gaane suniye aur din bhar sunte rahiye. Thoughts will come, I am sure.” 🙂

So I did listen to a few songs – predictably songs of ‘my’ era. “Khizaan Ke Phool”, “Jeevan Se Bhari Teri Aankhen”, “Teri Duniya Se”, “Hum Bewafa Hargiz Na The”, “O Mere Dil Ke Chain”, “Ye Shaam Mastaani” and a few others.

I think that might have helped a bit, because here I am.

Anyway, coming to Kishore Kumar.

The years just roll by – it is already 32 years since he left us.

He was just 58 at the time – far too young to go.

But like they say, it is not the years in your life that count, it is the life in your years.

And Kishore Kumar had plenty of life in his years.

No one will dispute that Kishore Kumar was the No.1 all-rounder in the industry. There have been a few others who have had multiple skills. Manoj Kumar was actor, writer, director, producer. Mehmood was also quite an all-rounder.

But Kishore was in a league of his own, because in each of his roles, he left a mark. Of course he is best-known as a singer, but even today many remember his acting, especially in comedy roles like in ‘Dilli Ka Thug’, ‘Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi’, ‘Half Ticket’ and many other films.

But there was so much more to Kishore Kumar than just comedy. And probably to prove this point, he produced and directed films like ‘Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein’ (1964) and ‘Door Ka Raahi’ (1971). I was stunned when I saw both these films – they have tremendous depth and philosophy, uncommon for the times.

His versatility was not limited to singing, acting, producing and directing though. Kishore Kumar also composed music, for some of his films.  Like the two films mentioned above, whose songs are quite popular to this day. As are the songs of  ‘Jhumroo’ (1961).

This is why I call Kishore Kumar the Gary Sobers of the Hindi film industry. 🙂 He could take on any role, and make a success of it.

But beyond even his multifarious talents, there was Kishore the person. And even as a person, he is quite an inspiration for me. His attitude towards life is something I can only admire.

Those who worked with Kishore Kumar, especially Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle, vouch  for his ability to enliven a recording session with his sense of humour, his cracking a joke or pulling someone’s leg. Some people are like this – never a dull moment with them around.

It is not as if Kishore didn’t have low moments, or tough times. Everyone has these – Kishore was no exception. But he never let this affect his professionalism. He was very clear about himself, his philosophy towards life – and he never allowed others to define it for him.

Like he said “Duniya samajhti hai main paagal hoon….main samajhta hoon duniya paagal hai”.

I think, whatever his conflicts with the world might have been, especially later in his life, he was at peace with himself. And that is most important for a human being. Like he told Lata Mangeshkar in an interview in the fag end of his career “I am quite happy”. He expressed a desire to run away from it all, and go to a place which was calling out to him.

Today, on his Remembrance Day, I feel Kishore Kumar found that place and left us in order to go there.

And left us with SUCH a treasure of songs and memories that we are indebted to him for life.

So thank you, thank you, thank you, Kishore Kumar for what you have given us. Speaking purely for myself, as someone who has been part of my life from my very early years, when I listened repeatedly to songs like “Mere Sapnon Ki Raani” and “Ye Shaam Mastaani” on the radio, your impact on my life cannot be described.

Now onto the song for today.

It is a totally new song for me. In fact I have never even heard of the film. Details, including lyrics of the song, have been sent to me by Avinash ji.

This is what he says :

“Zindagi Jeene Ke Liye-1984’ was directed by K.S. Sethumadhavan for ‘Tirupati Chitra Mandir, Bombay’. It was produced by Hastimal.

It had Rakhi Gulzar, Suresh Oberoi, Vijay Arora, Manmohan Krishan, CS Dubey, Krishan Dhawan, Shobhha Khote, Birbal Raj, Raj Kishore, Rakesh Roshan, Tina Munim, Master Rinku, Shah Chaturvedi, Raghvaiyya, Santosh Kumar, Lata Kashmiri, Dolphin and others. Deepa and Ramu make a guest appearance in this movie.

This movie was passed by Censor Board on 06.06.1984. However, the movie was re-certified by Censor on 15.12.1987 with a UA certificate (as mentioned in HFGK).

The movie has total seven songs, including the three-part song being presented today (as per HFGK Vol-VI 1981-1985) composed by Rajesh Roshan. HFGK mentions Rajesh Roshan as the lyricist for this movie and the same is mentioned on the vinyl cover of this movie available on online sources, which I guess is correct. (myswar.co also mentions the same). Asha Bhonsle, Kishore Kumar, Pankaj Udhas and Yesudas had given their voices to the songs in this movie.”

This film, ‘Zindagi Jeene Ke Liye’ (1984), makes its debut entry on this blog today.

The song itself is amazing. I’d never heard it before, but when I heard it for the first time a few days ago, it touched my heart. It also suits this occasion, as it talks of a person who feels he is ready to move on.

Please do listen to this wonderful song. Quite a gem, it is, especially in Kishore Kumar’s voice. Thanks for the song, Avinash ji.

Audio, All Parts

Video, Partial

Song – Udte Udte Pyaase Panchhi (Zindagi Jeene Ke Liye) (1984) Singer – Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Indeevar, MD – Rajesh Roshan

Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Part 1

hmmm mmmm mmmm mmmm mmmm
hmmm mmmm mmmm mmmm mmmm

udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye
armaan pyaase chhaayi udaasi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye

ek nadi thhi pyaar ki
saari duniya byopaar ki
ek nadi thhi pyaar ki
saari duniya byopaar ki ee
raah roke apni khadi thhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye

zindagi ke ae baaki thhe kuchh lamhe
shaayad ke ho milna phir hamen
zindagi ke ae baaki thhe kuchh lamhe
shaayad ke ho milna phir hamen
maar daalegi ye bebasi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye
armaan pyaase chhaayi udaasi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye

Part 2

door jaa rahe hain
ke nainaa ro rahe hain
door jaa rahe hain
ke nainaa ro rahe hain
saanson ki na toote ladi ee
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye

Part 3

haathon ne hamesha waar kiya
kabhi naa kisiko pyaar kiya
haathon ne hamesha waar kiya
kabhi naa kisiko pyaar kiya
nas nas basi buzdili thhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae
udte udte pyaase panchhi
pyaase panchhi thhak gaye ae

————————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————————————

भाग १

हम्मम मम्मम मम्मम मम्मम मम्मम
हम्मम मम्मम मम्मम मम्मम मम्मम

उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए
अरमां प्यासे छायी उदासी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए

एक नदी थी प्यार कि
सारी दुनिया ब्योपार कि
एक नदी थी प्यार कि
सारी दुनिया ब्योपार कि ई
राह रोके अपनी खड़ी थी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए

ज़िन्दगी के ए बाकी थे कुछ लम्हे
शायद के हो मिलना फिर हमें
ज़िन्दगी के ए बाकी थे कुछ लम्हे
शायद के हो मिलना फिर हमें
मार डालेगी ये बेबसी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए
अरमां प्यासे छायी उदासी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए

भाग २

दूर जा रहे हैं
के नैना रो रहे हैं
दूर जा रहे हैं
के नैना रो रहे हैं
साँसों की ना टूटे लड़ी ई
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए

भाग ३

हाथों ने हमेशा वार किया
कभी ना किसीको प्यार किया
हाथों ने हमेशा वार किया
कभी ना किसीको प्यार किया
नस नस में बसी बुज़दिली थी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए
उड़ते उड़ते प्यासे पंछी
प्यासे पंछी थक गए ए


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4098 Post No. : 15244

There are some very special memories related to this song. Memories of certain flights of fancy, associated with the expressions and emotions contained here in.

Greetings to Usha Khanna ji, on her 78th birthday today (7th October). It is sixty years now that she made her debut as a music director, way back in 1959 – ‘Dil Deke Dekho’, a film by Filmalya’s Sashadher Mukherjee. She recounts with a glee now, but then she was very nervous. Of course, just seventeen, recently out of school, and so miraculously given a break for a big name Shammi Kapoor starrer film. The first song recorded was “Megha Re Boley. . .”.  She walked into the recording studio with Sonik, who was the arranger for that film. She recalls that some musicians actually whistled at her as she made her way toward the group. And then Sonik told them that she is the music director. Quite a silence of disbelief followed.

Her nervousness was heightened by the fact that she would be directing Rafi Sb for her first song. The rehearsals and the recordings happened. Then at the end of the recording Rafi Sb asked her whether the song was recorded to her satisfaction. She recounts that she was too dazed and overcome by just his presence, and that she stammered in agreement. Then Rafi Sb told her – you are the music director. No matter who the singer is, but you are the boss. Even if I make a mistake, then you should correct me. Usha Khanna says that she was forever in Rafi Sb’s debt for giving her that encouragement and that advise.

More than 4 decades of active career and about 200 films in her portfolio, there are many a memorable songs and melodies that she has created – one of those music directors who would make you hear again. Ah, this one! Usha Khanna? Wow.

Listening to her music, one feels a lot of similarity with OP Nayyar. Of course that was the era that Nayyar Sb ruled with his rhythmic melodies, and other music directors would try to create music inspired by him. So Usha Khanna was also influenced by that style, but then she is not limited to style alone. There is definitely a lot of her own creativity that has gone into her work, else she would not have survived in this industry for four decades. And that too, being of a gender that generally is not associated with the work of a music director. The earlier names we can think of – Jaddan Bai, Bibbo, Saraswati Devi – all names from 1930s and 40s, when the classical music was the forte, and these ladies were trained and grounded in the classical mould.

Not Usha Khanna. She in fact, has no formal training in music. Her father, Manohar Lal Khanna, a lyricist active in the industry from late 1940s to 1960s, was her segue into music. He would write the lyrics and she would informally compose tunes for his songs at home. It was a creative spark and something special about her melodies that capture attention of her fathers industry friends like OP Nayyar and Indeewar. One thing led to another, and she was placed before Sashadher Mukherjee for an interview. The conversation started uncomfortably with singing, and ended very comfortably with music direction. S Mukherji, impressed with her tenacity and consistency (he had asked her to create two new tunes and present to him every day, for a year – think about doing that!!) gave her the first break with ‘Dil Deke Dekho’, and followed it up with ‘Hum Hindustani’ (1960). After these two films, Usha was quite much on her way. That she was able to sustain her standing in the industry for four decades, speaks volumes about her talent and her approach. Might we also notice that contemporaneous to her, and subsequently, we do not hear of any other lady music director in the industry whose performance has left a mark on the music history of Indian cinema.

Ah yes, about the flights of fancy that I mentioned about, in the first para. Regulars are aware that this song forms a part of a tandem pair. The accompanying song is the hit sung by Mukesh – “Barkha Rani, Zara Jam Ke Barso”. Yes of course, that is the better known and the more popular song in comparison. However, this rendition by Suman Kalynapur is no less pleasant, alluring and engaging. Rather more so. So when this film was released, the teenager in me was still at school. And as with a boy’s fancies at that age, of course, I do not have to put it in words. Suffice to say that right from the time I heard these two songs for the first time, my liking has always been for the Suman Kalyanpur version. The fancy connected with the Mukesh song is that there would be a charming princess for whom the boy in me would sing this song. However, the fancy associated with the Suman Kalyanpur song is that there would be charming beautiful princess who would be singing this song for me. That appealed so much more to me, that my flight of fancy those days was someone singing this song for me. Aaye haaye – the heart still takes a swing at this thought. 🙂

Quick summary – the film is ‘Sabak’ from 1973, produced and directed by Jugal Kishore, songs written by Sawan Kumar and Hasrat Jaipuri, and music by Usha Khanna. The star cast of this film is listed as Shatrughan Sinha, Poonam, Jaishri T, Jugal Kishore, Ranjan, KN Singh, Nazeer Hussain, Master Satyajeet, Chandrashekhar, Brahmchari, Hercules, Mumtaz Begum, Ramesh Dev, Seema, Rajnibala, Maruti, Rajpal, Kishan Kaul, Ved Sharma, Rajan Kapoor, Moolchand, Bholanath, Manohar, Jerry, Omi Chopra, Uma Dutt, Pritam Kumar, Raj Verma, Kishan Billa, and Sundar Singh.

Once again, wishing Usha ji a very happy birthday and praying for many more healthy and comfortable returns of this day.

Ah yes, the lyrics of this song have been sent in by our dear Prakashchandra ji.

 

Song – Barkha Bairan, Zara Tham Ke Barso  (Sabak) (1973) Singers – Suman Kalyanpur, Lyrics – Saawan Kumar Tak, MD – Usha Khanna

Lyrics (Provided by Prakashchandra)

barkha bairan
zara tham ke barso
pee mere aa jaayen to
chaahe jam ke phir barso..oo..oo..oo
barkha bairan
zara tham ke barso
pee mere aa jaayen to
chaahe jam ke phir barso..oo..oo..oo
barkha bairan

pee se hai mera milan
kyon hai ree tujh ko jalan
pee se hai mera milan
kyon hai ree tujh ko jalan
haaye re paapan zaraa ruk jaa
zara tham jaana re
barkha bairan
zara tham ke barso
pee mere aa jaayen to
chaahe jam ke phir barso..oo..oo..oo
barkha bairan

pee ko mere aane de
ang se lag jaane de
pee ko mere aane de
ang se lag jaane de
phir tu dushman
yun barasna
jaane paayen wo na re..e..e
barkha bairan
zaraa tham ke barso
pee mere aa jaayen to
chaahe jam ke phir barso..oo..oo..oo
barkha bairan

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

बरखा बैरन
ज़रा थम के बरसो
पी मेरे आ जाएँ तो
चाहे जम के फिर बरसो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
बरखा बैरन
ज़रा थम के बरसो
पी मेरे आ जाएँ तो
चाहे जम के फिर बरसो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ

पी से है मेरा मिलन
क्यों है री तुझको जलन
पी से है मेरा मिलन
क्यों है री तुझको जलन
हाए रे पापन ज़रा रुक जा
ज़रा थम जा ना रे
बरखा बैरन
ज़रा थम के बरसो
पी मेरे आ जाएँ तो
चाहे जम के फिर बरसो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ

पी को मेरे आने दे
अंग से लग जाने दे
पी को मेरे आने दे
अंग से लग जाने दे
फिर तू दुश्मन
यूं बरसना
जाने पाएँ वो ना रे॰॰ए॰॰ए
बरखा बैरन
ज़रा थम के बरसो
पी मेरे आ जाएँ तो
चाहे जम के फिर बरसो॰॰ओ॰॰ओ॰॰ओ
बरखा बैरन


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4098 Post No. : 15244 Movie Count :

4189

Films are regarded as director’s medium. He is like a captain of the ship. It is the director’s responsibility to make his film successful – critically as well as financially.

A film director may have directed many successful films but he will generally be known by his one classic cult film. For instance, when we talk about PC Barua, ‘Devdas’ (1935) comes to our mind first though he had directed other successful films like ‘Mukti’ (1937) and ‘Jawaab’ (1942).  In case of Mehboob Khan, it is ‘Mother India’ (1957) though he had directed many successful films in the 1940s. K Asif and ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ (1960), Guru Dutt and ‘Pyaasa’, (1957) and Kamal Amrohi and ‘Pakeezah’ (1972) are inseparable. In the international arena, Raj Kapoor is known more for his film, ‘Aawaara’ (1951) than other equally successful films. This is not an exhaustive list.

But there is one film director who is known by his flop film in the genre of satirical comedy. The film is ‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron’ (1983) and the director is Kundan Shah. In an interview held sometime in 2012 on the occasion of the re-release of the film in digitised version, he had said he considered this film as his failed project though it has attained a cult status.

Remembering Kundan Shah today, October 7th on his 2nd Remembrance Day who excelled in projecting the serious social issues in soft comedies through films and TV serials. I became aware of him with his very first film which I had watched on TV much before he became well known by his TV serials.

I found it very difficult to get the information on Kundan Shah’s early life before he ventured into films and TV serials. A book, ‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron – Seriously Funny Since 1983’ (2010) written by Jai Ajay Singh was supposed to have some information about his early life. But the book has remained out of stock for some time. However, a preview of some pages of the book was available online which gave me some information about the early life of Kundan Shah.

Born in a Gujarati family, Kundan Shah spent his childhood in Aden (now in Yemen) and did his schooling there until the age of 13 when his family shifted to Mumbai. He completed his schooling and thereafter his graduation in commerce. He worked for a publishing house for about 4 years before enrolling himself in the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) in 1973 for direction. It is at FTII, he found interest in the genre of comedy during the second year of the course.

As a project in FTII, he made a 25-minute diploma film titled ‘Bonga’ (Siren) which the students of direction have to make in the final year. The film was a farcical comedy involving a gang of five people attempting a bank robbery. The cast included FTII students like Satish Shah, Rakesh Bedi, Suresh Oberoi, Om Puri etc. There were no dialogue in the film except each one of the gang of five yelling ‘bonga’. Bhaskar Chandavarkar, an instructor in FTII at that time (who was also a music director) composed the background music. The film was critically acclaimed by his fellow students in FTII. His seniors in FTII like Naseeruddin Shah and Saeed Akhtar Mirza were surprised as to how this serious looking man could have made a graceful comedy film out of the nonsensical ideas.

After completion of his diploma in FTII in 1976, Kundan Shah struggled for a couple of years to find the opening in the film industry. He formed a commune of some of his fellow FTII diploma holders and produce short documentary films. However, in this work, Kundan Shah ran into financial problems. Almost all of his colleagues had already been disillusioned with their career and left for their respective places. Kundan Shah also moved to England with his family and worked there to make enough money to pay off his debt.

Kundan Shah returned to India after about 18 months. He got an attractive offer from the maker of ‘Gandhi’ (1981) to work as Assistant Director for six months at a monthly salary of Rs.10,000/-. The offer was very tempting. He consulted his colleague, Saeed Akhtar Mirza who dissuaded him from accepting the offer as he would mostly be doing the work of crowd controlling during the outdoor shooting. Instead, Saeed Mirza coxed him to write a script and make the film himself. In the meanwhile, Kundan Shah worked as Assistant Director in  Saeed Akhtar Mirza’s ‘Albert Pinto Ko Gussa Kyon Aata Hai’ (1980) and Vidhu Vinod Chopra’s ‘Sazaa-e-Maut (1981). These association also put pressure on him to direct a film as his FTII fellow students, Saeed Mirza and Vidhu Vinod Chopra had already made films. It is at this point of time, Kundan Shah decided to make a feature film which resulted in making his first film ‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron’ (1983).

As I came to know from the video clips of interviews of Kundan Shah, Naseeruddin Shah, Ravi Baswani, Sudhir Misra and others, it was a long struggle for completing the film and releasing it. Kundan Shah wrote the story and script based on the experiences of two of his fellow FTII students who after failing to get any assignment from the film industry, decided to open a photo studio and undertake fashion and industrial photography. Their bad experiences in the venture became the main theme of the story coupled with Kundan Shah’s personal experiences in dealing with a rationing office in Mumbai for the release of cement quota for repairs to drainage system in his building where he was the Secretary.

When the script was ready, no producer/financier was willing  to invest in the film based on his script. Some financiers termed the script as idiotic. As a last resort, Kundan Shah approached National Film Development Corporation (NDFC) to take a loan for producing the film himself. The total cost film production was expected to be around Rs. 7 lakhs and NDFC would grant the loan only up to 75% of the cost after their Script Committee approved the script. However, Kundan Shah got a pleasant surprise when NDFC not only approved his script but also offered to produce the film under its banner as they thought that the script was an effective commentary on the situations prevailing in the country. So financial side of the problem got sorted out.

Next was the selection of actors and the crew for the film. With a budget of only Rs.7 lakhs, engaging the established actors even for the main roles was out of question. Kundan Shah relied on his FTII colleagues and the actors/ crews from IPTA/National School of Drama. The actors included Naseeruddin Shah, Ravi Baswani, Satish Shah, Satish Kaushik, Om Puri, Pankaj Kapoor, Bhakti Bharve, Neena Gupta, Vidhu Vinod Chopra, Deepak Qazir, Rajesh Puri, Ashok Banthia and Jaspal Sandhu. Some of the actors also worked behind the camera. For instance, Vidhu Vinod Chopra and Deepak Qazir were the Production Controllers. Satish Kaushik was one of the dialogue writers. Renu Saluja was the editor for the film beside the assistant director.

Naseeruddin Shah had revealed in an interview that during the making of the film, he was feeling uneasy with the script as he felt that all he was doing appeared to him to be nonsensical. He had arguments with Kundan Shah on several occasions but at the end it was Kundan Shah whose writ prevailed. Even after the completion of the film, Naseeruddin Shah was pessimistic about the success of the film.

The film was released in a few theatres in Mumbai in and some other cities in August 1983. The film received a lukewarm response from the audience. The film was withdrawn after a week in Mumbai and ran in a few theatres only for morning shows. In Delhi, the film ran for 37 weeks in a single theatre for morning show only. The film was also shown on then newly set up DD Metro Channel on the week-ends for a month or so. Gul Anand, the producer of some off-beat comedy films like ‘Khatta Meetha’ (1978) and ‘Chashme-e-Buddoor’ (1981) after watching the film had said to Kundan Shah that if he had not seen the film and only read the script , he would have thrown it out of his window. This shows how Kundan Shah made an interesting film out of the nonsensical script. The lukewarm response for the film was a setback for Kundan Shah. He did not venture into directing any film for the next 10 years.

After about 30 years, ‘Jaane Bhi Do Yaaron’ (1983) was digitally restored and was re-released in November 2012 in multiplexes in Mumbai and in some major cities by which time, the film had already attained a cult status.

In the meanwhile, television was becoming a mass media with a pan India reach. In 1984, Doordarshan permitted the sponsored TV serials produced outside Doordarshan on its National Channel. Kundan Shah and many other persons associated with film industry took this as an opportunity and started their association with the producers of TV Serials. Kundan Shah made his debut on Television by directing some episodes of ‘Ye Jo Hai Zindagi’ (1984). It ran on Doordarshan with 67 episodes some of which were directed by Manjul Sinha and Raman Kumar. Actors were drawn from FTII and theatres. The serial had a phenomenal run which rediscovered Kundan Shah as a master of directing situational comedy.

With the runaway success of ‘Ye Jo Hai Zindagi’, Kundan Shah became the partner in Iskra Films, a TV serial producing company started by Saeed Akhtar Mirza and Aziz Mirza. ‘Nukkad’ (1986) was its first production.  The other successful TV Serials in which Kundan Shah was associated with were ‘Wagle Ki Duniya’ (1988) and ‘Circus’ (1989).

After a gap of more than 10 years, Kundan Shah decided to make a film on the script he wrote in the genre of romantic comedy. The film’s original title ‘Albela’ had to be changed to ‘Kabhi Haan Kabhi Na’ (1994) as this title was already registered by someone with Film Producers Associations like IMPPA. As usual for Kundan Shah, the film was delayed for a variety of reasons. The original lead actors, Amir Khan and Juhi Chawla withdrew from the film due to delay in finding a producer/financier. Shahrukh Khan, who was originally taken for the role which eventually went to Deepak Tijori, was promoted as a lead actor with Suchitra Krishnamoorthy.

After completion, the film remained in the cans for nearly 18 months as no distributor was willing to release the film probably due to the hero turning out to be loser in the end. This was the status of this film despite the fact that by this time, Shahrukh Khan was already on his path to become a super star due to box office successes of his films like ‘Raju Ban Gaya Gentleman’ (1992), ‘Deewana’ (1992), ‘Darr’ (1993) and ‘Baazigar’ (1993). Finally, Shahrukh Khan in partnership with one of his friends from the film industry released the film in February 1994. Though the film was regarded as an average success after the release, over a period of time, the film has earned more than 5 times its cost and it has also attained a cult status for Kundan Shah.

It was another six years after ‘Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa’ (1994) that Kundan Shah took ‘Kya Kehna’(2000) for direction which was Preity Zinta’s debut film. This was Kundan Shah’s first mainstream film which was devoid of any comedy. On the contrary, Kundan Shah tackled a serious issue of pre-marital pregnancy with sensitivity. As usual for Kundan Shah, this film was also delayed in getting released. Once it got released, it was  the pleasant surprise to all concerned with the film that it was a box office hit.

The next in lines of films which Kundan Shah directed were ‘Hum To Mohabbat Karega’ (2000), ‘Dil Hai Tumhara’ (2002) and  ‘Ek Se Badkar Ek’ (2004). All the three films flopped at the box office making him to take a virtual retirement from the mainstream films. He returned to his foray of making films with off-beat themes in ‘Teen Behanen’ (2005), based on a real-life story of three sisters who committed suicide because their father could not afford to pay dowry. The film remained unreleased till date.  His last film was a political satire, ‘P Se PM Tak’ (2015) which was a disaster at the box office.

Kundan Shah died in sleep of heart attack on October 7, 2017 at his residence. One of the emotional tributes on his death was that of Shahrukh Khan whom he compared like his mother. He said ‘I was 25 when I came to Mumbai. I have stayed in Kundan’s house and I have been fed by his family and taken care of by them’. Shahrukh Khan had worked in a few episodes of Kundan Shah’s TV Serials, ‘Wagle Ki Duniya (1988) and as a lead actor in ‘Circus’ (1989). His close friends who had been regular visitors to his office said that Kundan Shah’s office cupboard was full of film scripts in various stages. Sadly, there were no takers for these scripts to turn them into films.

As a tribute to Kundan Shah on the occasion of his 2nd Remembrance Day, I am presenting a song from ‘Kya Kehna’ (2000) which was directed by him. The song is ‘Ae Dil Laaya Hai Bahaar, Apnon Ka Pyaar, Kya Kehna’. The song is rendered by Hariharan and Kavita Krishnamurthy on the words of Majrooh Sultanpuri which was set to music by Rajesh Roshan. The song has two versions – happy and sad, the latter version being also a inspirational song.

Hariharan lip syncs for Anupam Kher, Chandrachud Singh and Mamik Singh while Kavita Krishnamurthy lip syncs for Farida Jalal, Preity Zinta and Nivedita Bhattacharya (in sad version). On the sound track, some lines of the song have been rendered as duet, but in the film, it is for all the actors present in some scenes.

The tune of the song is a straight lift from Oh Carol, I am but a fool, darling I love you, though you treat me cruel, sung by pop singer, song writer and composer, Neil Sedaka in  1957.

Happy Version

Sad Version

Song – Ae Dil Laaya Hai Bahaar, Apno Ka Pyaar, Kya Kehna  (Kya kehna) (2000) Singer – Hariharan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD – Rajesh Roshan
Harirahan + Kavita Krishnamurthy

Lyrics

Happy Version

oh……..o
ho o o o o
o o o o o
o o o o

ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milen hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna…aa
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milen hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
 
hum tum yun hi milte rahein
mehfil yoon hi sajti rahe
bas pyaar ki yehi ek dhun
har subah-o-shaam bajti rahe
gale mein mehekte rahein
pyaar bhari
baahon ka haar
kya kehna…aa
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
 
oh……..o
ho o o o o
o o o o o
o o o o
ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milen hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna…aa
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
 
Sad Version
 
dil ka koi tukda kabhi
dil se juda hota nahi
apna koi jaisa bhi ho
apna hai wo duja nahi
yahi hai wo milan hai jo
sachmuch hai
dil ka qaraar
kya kehna
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milen hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
 
kuchh apne hi tak yoon nahi
ye hai sawaal sab ke liye
jeena hai to jag mein jiyo
ban ke misaal sab ke liye
dekho kaisa mehak raha
pyaar bhari
baahon ka haar
kya kehna…aa
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milein hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
 
jo ho gaya so ho gaya
logon se tu darna nahi
saathi tere hain aur bhi
duniya mein tu tanha nahi
saamna karenge mil ke
chaahe dus ho
chaahe hazaar
kya kehna..aa
khile khile chehron se aaj
jag hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna

oh……..o
ho o o o o
o o o o o
o o o o
ae dil
laaya hai bahaar
apnon ka pyaar
kya kehna
milen hum
chhalak utha
khushi ka khumaar
kya kehna
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna
khile khile chehron se aaj
ghar hai mera
gul-e-gulzaar
kya kehna


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4095 Post No. : 15241

Today, 4th October, is the 88th birthday of Sandhya Mukherjee. The grand old dame is one of the premier playback singers in Bangla cinema. In Hindi films, her contribution is limited to about 30 songs. Her involvement in Hindi films starts with the 1948 film ‘Jhoothi Kasmen’, and her singing assignments are spread over a decade and a half, till the mid 1960s.

A chance encounter with this song prompted the preparation of this post. I came across this song just a few hours ago, and listening to it was love at first hear. Such a lovely melody and arrangement, and such wonderful rendition, this song belongs to that category of unknown and hidden gems, which surprise the listener with their simplicity and beauty. I have listened to it many times since I discovered it earlier in the evening, and I do not seem to be getting enough of it.

The film is ‘Ratnadeep’ from 1952. The film is produced and directed by the legendary Debaki Kumar Bose, for the banner of Chitramaya, Calcutta. The cast of actors is listed as Anuva Gupta, Manju Dey, Molina Devi, Chhaya Devi, Tangamani, Harini, Bakul Ghosh, Abhi Bhattacharya, Pahadi Sanyal, Niteesh Mukherji, Tulsi Chakravarty, Kamal Mishra, Raj Kumar Soni, Sudheer  Chakraborty, Gokul Mukherji, and Gauri Shankar. The film is based on the Bangla novel of the same name, written by Prabhat Kumar Mukherjee.

Eight songs are listed for this film. The music director is Robin Chatterji. Two of the songs are traditional bhajans originally composed by Meerbai and Vidyapati. The remaining six songs have been written by the songwriters Pandit Madhur and Mahendra Pran. However, the lyricist for each individual song is not specifically identified.

We wish Sandhya ji a very happy 88th birthday. May she be blessed with many more years of good health and happiness.

Song – Raat Ne Aa Ke Din Ko Chooma, Saanjh Suhaani Aayi  (Ratnadeep) (1952) Singers – Sandhya Mukherji, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Robin Chatterji

Lyrics

raat ne aa ke
din ko chooma
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi manwa doley
raat ne aa ke
din ko chooma
saanjh suhaani aayi

chanda karey ishaare
koi mujhe pukaare
chanda karey ishaare
kya jaanun main aaj bhala kyon
mann hi mann sharmaai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

baalapan ke sapne jaage
jaagi mast jawaani
haaye jaagi mast jawaani
duniya ki har ?? suhaani
?? ban karv itraai
tum ban jaao main o saajan
aawo main tum ban jaaun
ye madmaati saanjh salona
ye madmaati saanjh salona
salona sandesa laai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

aankhon se tum dil mein aaye
phir bhi rahe kyon praaye
phir bhi rahe kyon praaye
itna to batla do kyon tum
aaj baney harjaai
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi
saanjh suhaani aayi aayi

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

रात ने आ के
दिन को चूमा
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई
साँझ सुहानी आई मनवा डोले
रात ने आ के
दिन को चूमा
साँझ सुहानी आई

चंदा करे इशारे
कोई मुझे पुकारे
चंदा करे इशारे
क्या जानूँ मैं आज भला क्यों
मन ही मन शरमाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

बालपन के सपने जागे
जागी मस्त जवानी
हाए जागी मस्त जवानी
दुनिया की हर ?? सुहानी
?? बन कर इतराई
तुम बन जाओ मैं ओ साजन
आवो मैं तुम बन जाऊँ
ये मदमाती साँझ सलोना
ये मदमाती साँझ सलोना
सलोना सँदेसा लाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

आँखों से तुम दिल में आए
फिर भी रहे क्यों पराये
फिर भी रहे क्यों पराये
इतना तो बतला दो क्यों तुम
आज बने हरजाई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई
साँझ सुहानी आई आई

 


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4095 Post No. : 15240

wo chaand hai to aks bhi paani mein aayegaa
kirdaar khud ubhar ke kahaani mein aayegaa
(Iqbal Sajid)

Aks – reflection
Kirdaar – character

“jis ke paas koyi saboot nahin hota, kya wo kabhi beqasoor nahi ho sakta.”

This is the dialogue spoken by Meenakshi Sheshadri to Anil Kapoor, a lawyer, when he has refused to take her sister’s Beena’s case.  Meenakshi’s sister is a doctor and a patient dies in her private clinic, after she has administered a medicine to the patient. The medicine contains poison, and the bottle is already in the custody of the courts/police. There is no way anyone can prove that the patient did not die because of the medicine in that bottle. So all the lawyers are refusing the case and Meenakshi and the brother in law Parikshit Sahani, also a doctor, are running from pillar to post to find a lawyer who can defend Beena in the court.

The moment she says this dialogue, Anil Kapoor is transported to his childhood, when his mother Nutan had said the same words to the lawyer/ public prosecutor Amrish Puri, in defense of her husband Girish Karnad.  This whole story is in flash back – the story of Anil Kapoor, his sister and parents.

In the present, Anil Kapoor decides to defend Beena in the courts, and in true heroic style, drinks the medicine from the very bottle to prove that the patient did not die because of the medicine. Within minutes, the case is over, judgment delivered, Beena is ‘ba-izzat bari’.  Parikshit Sahani takes Anil Kapoor to the hospital immediately and treats him to save his life.  What happens to the actual culprit who put poison into the medicine bottle, I don’t know.

The court language in this type of films had glossary like ‘mulzim’ which is the one accused of a crime, ‘mujrim’ is the one whose crime is proved.  Crime is ‘jurm’ and ‘mere faazil dost’ means ‘my esteemed friend’ – this is how lawyers would refer to each other in front of a judge.

So with the case over, the doctors are grateful to Anil Kapoor and Meenakshi is in love with him. The doctors host a party to celebrate and Anil Kapoor on piano, again revives his child hood memory of the theme song at the party. This is Part-II of the song. After this party this dream sequence song, “Ae Mere Khwaabon Ke Shehzaade” comes up. This is a beach song, posted Peevicies’s mom and I have seen that song too just now. That song is one extravaganza on Madh island or Aksa beach and what is Meenakshi wearing in the last sequence? Looks as if she was trying to be a South Indian Cleopatra.

Now back to flashback:  Girish Karnad is convicted of a crime he did not commit. Nutan has tried in vain to get someone to fight her husband’s case against the formidable Amrish Puri. Their happy family is ruined, even as she manages to obtain a stay on the conviction of ‘sazaa-e-maut’, but reached late on the location. Girish Karnad has been hanged. After this I think, she loses her mind and is taken to mental Asylum.

Meanwhile the young children Anil Kapoor and the sister are left to fend for themselves in the big bad world. That is when Anil Kapoor is remembers the song that his mother and father used to sing, with his father on the piano, “Jeet Jaayenge Hum. . .”.  The song is highly motivational, though situational.  It is songs like these which make Laxmikant-Pyarelal such kings of the proverbial situational songs.  Theme song or not, the lyrics and composition is all more than apt for the mood and need of the script.  And to think that the script by Javed Akhtar originally had no scope for songs.

The events of childhood have a profound effect on the young Anil Kapoor and the song motivates him to keep fighting and to always hope and strive to win against all odds. And win he does, grows up to become a lawyer himself, struggles with the system and grows to achieve his goals step by step. All this while he is always conscious of how his mother’s struggles with the system to save his father from being punished from the crime which he has not committed. He has raised his younger sister Khushoo and who is now studying in a college. Anil Kapoor manages to trace his mother also and brings her home. But she is still not well and does not remember her children. Which is a cause for more pain, prompting Anil Kapoor to recall the childhood song again. This is when the Part-III of the song is played when Anil Kapoor and Meenakshi sing this song at home, hoping to revive Nutan’s memory and restore her mental health.

I thought, this was a movie made by GP Sippy, but turns out it was eventually made by Subhash Ghai.   Actually I found this song on YouTube a few days ago and saved the link to see it sometime. Today I got the time to see it and all the memory of the story, dialogue and songs etc. came rushing in the mind.

Jab itna kuchh likhne ke liye yaad aa gayaa to ek post to ban hi jaati hai. 🙂

The song is played multiple times throughout the film. This can’t be anyone other than Anand Bakshi’s doing, the lyrics I mean. Singers are Shabbir Kumar (in full Rafi mode) for Anil Kapoor, Nitin Mukesh for Girish Karnad and Lata Mangeshkar for Nutan, Meenakshi Sheshadri and Khushboo.

It shows that successful people have motivation for success, early in life and have to be ready for struggle. Come what may, we will not give up. Because life is always a struggle, even if one cannot foresee the difficulties to come. ‘Jung’ is not war here, but an avowal not to give up against adversities. In every way, it is struggle to succeed and defeat the bad. And this struggle starts with self to improve the self and its abilities and make them pure, truthful, honest and trustworthy. Because to do ‘jung’ with your lot is to do ‘jidd-o-jahad’ i.e. to struggle and strive.

I found a poem in the photos which I had taken in the hotel at Jaipur, during our vacation visit earlier this year.  I am searching the net for the name of the poet but even Rekhta.com is not having the works of this poet.  The title of the poem is ‘Kuchh Kehna Chaahta Hoon”.

tum kuchh lafz
musta’aar de do
main bolna chaahta hoon

mere lafzon ke haathh
ab sar par aa chuke hain
jaise haarey huye sipaahi

wo itna jhooth pee chuke hain
sach keh nahin sakte

apaahij, beemar aur za’eefon ki tarah
un ko sirf taknaa aata hai

tum kuchh lafz
musta’aar de do
main kuchh kehnaa chaahta hoon.

Musta’aar – lend, loan for a while.
Apaahij – handicap
Za’eef – aged, frail with age

Video (Part I)

Video (Part II)

Video (Part III)

Audio (Part III)

Song – Zindagi Har Qadam Ik Nayi Jung Hai (Meri Jung) (1985) Singer – Lata Mangeshkar, Nitin Mukesh, Shabbir Kumar, Lyrics – Anand Bakshi, MD – Laxmikant Pyaarelal
Lata Mangeshkar + Nitin Mukesh
Lata Mangeshkar + Shabbir Kumar

Lyrics

(Part I)
hmmm mmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
hmmm mmmmm
hmmm mmmmmm
aa aa aaaaa
aa aa aaaaa
aa aa aaaaa
aa aa aaaaa
oo oo ooooo
oo oo ooooo
aaa aaaaa aaaaa
hmmmmmm mmmmm
hmmmmmm mmmmm

jeet jaayenge hum
oo ooo ooooo
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai

tu ne hi
sajaaye hain
mere honthon pe ye geet
tu ne hi
sajaaye hain
mere honthon pe ye geet
teri preet se mere
jeewan mein bikhra sangeet
mera sab kuchh teri dain hai
mere mann ke meet
main hoon ek tasveer
tu mera roop rang hai ea ea
zindagi 
har qadam
ik nayi 
jung hai
zindagi 
zindagi ee
har qadam
ik nayi 
jung hai

hausla na chhod
kar saamna jahaan ka
hausla na chhod
kar saamna jahaan ka
wo badal rahaa hai
dekh rang aasmaan ka
rang aasmaan ka
ye shikast ka nahin
ye fateh ka rang hai ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai

roz kahaan dhoondenge
sooraj chaand sitaaron ko
aag lagaa kar hum roshan
kar lenge andhiyaaron ko
gham nahin jab talak
dil mein ye umang hai ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai
hmmmmm
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai

(Part II)
ooo ooooo
hmmmm mmmm mmmmm
hmmm mmmm mmm
oooo ooooo
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ek nayi
jung hai

(Part III)
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai

ik dooje se
ham donon ke
naam judey hain aise
ik dooje se
ham donon ke
naam judey hain aise
mast hawaaon mein ea
saaz judey hain aise
jaise main dor hoon
aur tu patang hai ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
zindagi
har qadam
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai

aaaaa aaaaaaaa
oooo oooooo
aaaa aaaaaaa
ooooooo oooooooo
ooooooo

[Nutan speaks]

tu ne hi sajaaye hain
mere honthon pe ye geet
tu ne hi
tu ne hi sajaaye hain
mere honthon pe ye geet
tu ne hi sajaaye hain
mere honthon pe ye geet
teri preet se mere
jeewan mein bikhra sangeet
teri preet se mere
jeewan mein bikhra sangeet
mera sab kuchh teri dain hai
mere mann ke meet
mera sab kuchh teri dain hai
mere mann ke meet
main hoon ek tasveer
tu mera  aa
mera aa
mera aa
mera aa

[Anil Kapoor : gaao na maa]

main hoon ik tasveer
tu mera roop rang hai ea ea
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
zindagi
har qadam
har qadam
ik nayi
ik nayi
jung hai
zindagi
har qadam
ik nayi
jung hai
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
jeet jaayenge hum
tu agar
tu agar
sang hai ea ea ea
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai
hmmmmm
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai
hmmmmm
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai
hmmmmm
zindagi
hmmmmm
har qadam
hmmmmm
ik nayi
hmmmmm
jung hai


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4093 Post No. : 15237 Movie Count :

4188

Just like so many more human endeavors, wherein the concepts and philosophical models of ‘-isms’ are all so correct and convincing, and their practical implications and implementations are so faulty and distorted that the discussions about the defects and flaws, also sounds very convincing in the hindsight.

Take Communism for example. The writings of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Illych Lenin – as they write about the class struggle between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have nots’, and lucidly present their ideas on how to address this social divide, for the betterment of humanity – are so very a convincing, palpable and substantial, that it is easy to be convinced about the failings and deficiencies of the capitalist / imperialistic model of the world order, which should be replaced everywhere with the model of Communist social order. When Marx passed away in 1883, the debate on this subject was quite vigorous both amongst the elite and the working class in the countries of Europe.

Not long thereafter, the revolution of the working class came about in 1917, in Russia, under the leadership of Lenin. A new model of state and governance, and a new social order was established. The history is replete with the narrative of violence and misery that accompanied this change, but the Communist movement had come on to stay. Over the next three decades, this model of a new social order spread to other neighboring states – towards the west of the erstwhile USSR, which formed the countries in eastern European bloc and towards the South East, i.e. China.

For all the populism and the PR that was a big budget activity in the USSR, the model did not quite stick for very long. Within our own lifetimes, we have witnessed the downfall of Communism in 1980s – the so called perestroika or restructuring of the social order and government in the USSR, now Russia. The theories of the great philosophers of the late 19th century, did not quite hold on together when implemented and the rubber met the road. Although China still holds out with their powerful Communist Party supported by their strong army, the Communistic form of social order did last, albeit just for about seven decades.

A similar pageant has played out and is playing out, in India. The ‘-ism’ that is associated with Mahatma Gandhi, that Munna Bhai so endearingly likes to call ‘Gandhi-giri’ (‘Lagey Raho Munna Bhai’, 2006), has seen its prime during the early decades of the twentieth century, and its subsequent devaluation in the closing decades of the same twentieth century. I remember – in the 1980s and 90s, around the time of his birth anniversary (2nd October) every year, one was treated to editorials and articles in newspapers, and panel discussions on Doordarshan, with titles that were variations on “The Relevance of Gandhi Today”. Even then, my mind used to react that as a society, we have apparently lost Gandhi and his ideals, if now that the intelligentsia is beginning to discuss the relevance. Just so strongly underscores the fact that the question of relevance comes to fore, when the storm of doubts and disbelief is surging strong in the society. That discussion still continues.

Where and what are the fault lines? I had read his autobiography – ‘The Story of My Experiments with Truth’ way back when I was in college. I was, and honestly I still am, deeply impressed, influenced, overwhelmed by honesty and simplicity with which he has laid bare his persona and his internal turmoils, his candid admissions of his faults, expressions of his ideals and idealistic resolutions, and the strength of character to personally follow and implement those ideals in practical life. It is a frightening tale of development of a human mind from the basic animalistic existence to literally a sainthood. It goes to establish that Gandhi was no ordinary soul, and such souls appear on this planet quite rarely. Albert Einstein has so beautifully summed it up in his tribute – “Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth”

A time was, at the turn of the century, when the nation was seeking a simple philosophy in leadership. Here was a teacher, who did not just teach. In fact he refused to teach or direct others, for things that he himself had not practiced and not lived through himself. A hallmark of a true saint, whose existence within his own mind, and as seen by those around him, is starkly the same. My readings about the Tolstoy Farm that he established in South Africa in 1910, are such an impactful influence. And also a conviction that this soul is an honest and truthful spiritual leader, who will not lead his flock astray for personal or ideological gains.

For all his goodness and his saintly leadership of the people, his words and his teachings stand at crossroads today. The retinue of his followers diminishing over time, and bevy of protesters calling out their criticisms and insults – their tribe is incessantly increasing. Where is the fallacy? Is there an aberration that we see on the radar of history?

A lot has been written and continues to be written about him. But I really wonder how many of us are actually, really reading him. He has written extensively, and not just one book. His complete works including his articles and speeches, will form a complete section of a good size library. Many years ago, maybe more than three decades ago, I read the following in one of his articles printed in 1927 in the journal ‘Young India’. Countering all that I had read till then, and had been hearing about his philosophy of ahimsa (non-violence), here was a paragraph that stunned me with its clarity of thought and perfection of logic.

“My creed of non-violence is an extremely active force. It has no room for cowardice or even weakness. There is hope for a violent man to be someday non-violent, but there is none for a coward. I have therefore said more than once in these pages that if we do not know how to defend ourselves, our women and our places of worship by the force of suffering, i.e., nonviolence, we must, if we are men, be at least able to defend all these by fighting.”

All his life, he incessantly tried to differentiate for his followers, the distinction he made between non-violence and cowardice. In the same journal, in another article, even earlier in 1920, he writes,

“I do believe that, where there is only a choice between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence…. But I believe that non-violence is infinitely superior to violence, forgiveness is more manly than punishment. Forgiveness adorns a soldier. But abstinence is forgiveness only when there is the power to punish; it is meaningless when it pretend to proceed from a helpless creature.”

At another place, his words on this same theme are

“Where choice is set between cowardice and violence, I would advise violence. . . I prefer to use arms in defense of honor rather than remain the vile witness of dishonor. . .”

Are we, in this age and these circumstances, aware of this strong advocacy of the above distinction he makes between the oh so terribly misunderstood themes of non-violence vs cowardice? And are we teaching, nay even projecting the correct understanding of all that this great soul stood for all his life?

The generation that had spent time with him, that had experienced his influence and his aura first hand, is already relegated to history. Well, almost. The survivors of that generation are very few. In another few years, maybe a decade or so, we shall not be hearing of a Gandhian anymore. For the newer crop of followers that we see, Gandhi is more of a political crutch, and face to be put on the currency notes, nothing much more than that.

Where lies the answer to the ‘WHY’ connected with this scenario? I do not know. There are many an ill of the human tendencies and human traits that we can expound to explain. But probably the answer lies deeper – deeper inside the very constitution of this existence itself. A simple axiom that makes up the destiny of everything that we can observe. Simply put – everything decays. Ensconced in these two simple words is the terrible and profound truth that applies to everything in this universe, and to the universe itself. I will posit it from two different directions that I am aware of.

One – our scriptures. It is written in our scriptures, in the sections where the creation of this universe is described, that when He created this universe, it was perfect, in every possible way that can be thought of. But this perfection lasted for just that first instant of creation. This perfect universe started to decay in the very next instant. It is stated so, in our books. And this decay encompasses everything that is material and even non-material in existence. That is the progression of the ‘yugas’ (eras) that we are so familiar with in our scheme of the universe and its passage through time. The good shall diminish and the things will always be progressively worse.

Two – from the perspective the study of the physical nature of this universe as a subject – Physics. There is a branch of this study called Thermodynamics, which deals with the energy within a system, and all aspects related to it. This branch of physics was formalized as a subject through the research work, both physical and philosophical, of scientists in the 18th and 19th centuries – names like Count Rumford, Sadi Carnot, William Thomson, Gibbs, James Maxwell etc. Based on their works, this branch now has a set of laws called the Laws of Thermodynamics, which are time tested and form the foundations of a huge segment of physical sciences. The second of these laws has a very simple, very interesting statement, and a very profound implication for the entire universe itself. The law states that –

“The total entropy of an isolated system can never decrease over time.”

The key element to understand in this statement is ‘entropy’. Simply defined, entropy is the measure of the state of disorderliness in a physical system. Going by this law, a deduction that can be inferred immediately is that in any physical system, the disorderliness will always increase with time. To put it even more simply, and bluntly, every system will always and only, decay with time. That brings us back to a concurrence with the assertions contained in our scriptures.

And so, as with everything, the social systems will also decay with time. I am sure I do not need to explain this statement further. People with awareness of history, and also, the awareness of the experiences of a lifetime, will concur.

Truth, however, remains unchanged. In all the rigmarole of the eras and human evolution, and the transitions of history that we are aware of, the only thing that remains unchanged is the Truth. In Hindi, the word is ‘सत्य’ which comes from the root ‘सत्’. If I may draw an analogous word from the English language, it would be ‘stat’ or ‘static’, which also means – un-moving, at rest, unchanging. Truth, in this creation, and as a conceptual idea, remains static unchanged, in this tumultuous ocean of creation that is eternally in a chaos of constant change and decay.

The concept of this unchanging Truth is discussed and described quite at length in our scriptures. A basic characteristic of this Truth is that not just that it is unchanging, but it is also inert and passive. It does not DO anything. It just IS.

That thread now brings us back to the Mahatma again. Here is one person who realized quite early in life, the nature of this Truth, as is evident from the title of his autobiography – ‘The Story of My Experiments with Truth’. Understanding the passive and inactive nature of Truth, he set out on a journey to experiment with it, to understand it better. That realization, and his unflinching endeavor to pursue and investigate it, is what makes him stand out as a giant amongst men. He belongs to that list of a handful people in the history of the human civilization who have raised this query within themselves, and have encountered the answer. For that, he is a Mahatma – the extraordinary soul, and a notch above the Atma – the ordinary souls, who can be counted in millions.

The song being presented today, belongs to the 1978 film ‘Nasbandi. The period of history covered in this film is that of June 1975 to January 1977, during which Emergency was proclaimed in our country. I am not going into the politics behind this episode. Enough to say that in 1977, when the elections were held, the powers that proclaimed and benefitted from this state of emergency, lost, and a new political equation was written into history of India. The film deals with the topic of forced sterilization of menfolk, one of the key ingredients of the political battle in 1977.

The film is produced by Johar Films, and is directed by IS Johar. The name is sufficient to give an idea of what kind of a comical spoof this film is. Especially when we have IS Johar and Rajendranath playing the lead roles.

Geet Kosh lists seven songs for this film, written by Indeewar, Rajendra Krishan and Hullad Muradabaadi. This particular song is written by Indeevar and the music is composed by Kalyanji Anandji. This is a background song in the film, rendered by Kishore Kumar.

The song is a regretful complaint about the state of the nation, and a supplication to the Mahatma – as to the social and political conditions prevailing. That the dream of a disciplined and amiable social edifice that the Mahatama had envisioned, was in shambles. The instances of regrets are many, and the passing years and decades, have only added to them. None of them have been is taken away.

And that brings us back to the thread of the continuous decay, everywhere.

The philosophies and the visions of great men are like beacons of light in the thick fog of chaos and uncertainty that this universe, this existence is. And that existence is steadily moving towards more chaos, more uncertainty. That is the nature of existence itself. These great men – Nanak, Buddha, Abraham, Moses Prophet Mohammed, Christ, Socrates, Gandhi, Zoroaster, Kabeer, and many more – have been the extraordinary souls that have realized the Truth of this existence. Their messages to the humankind are an effort to make more of us ordinary souls understand this path, and its goal. But this world is what it is. Despite that so many extraordinary souls have visited and tried to spread this message. Or maybe, we can say that this world is what it is today, because of these enlightened souls – it would have been even a worse present, had these men not visited this earth.

O Gandhi, the vision of society that you shared with us, lies unread in books no one reads anymore, in libraries that no one visits any more.

And thieves have stolen the ‘बकरी’ (goat) whose milk had nourished your soul.

Song – Gandhi Tere Desh Mein Ye Kaisa Atyachaar  (Nasbandi) (1978) Singers – Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Indeewar, MD – Kalyanji Anand ji
Chorus
Kishore Kumar + Chorus

Lyrics

janta ki awaaz hai ye
sun le o bapu gandhi
ye kaisa hahaakaar desh mein
ye kaisi aag ki aandhi

kahaan gayi wo teri ahinsa. . .
kahaan gayi wo teri ahinsa
kahaan gaya wo pyaar
gandhi tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
bapu tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
ek bharat mein ban gaye
jalianwaale baagh hazaar
gandhi tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
bapu tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar

tu ne jab awaaz lagaai..ee..ee
saara hindustan utha
saara hindustan utha
angrezon ke dil bhi dehle..ea..ea
aisa ik toofaan utha
aisa ik toofaan utha
khushi khushi tere kehne par
bharatwaasi jail gaye
seene par goli jhel gaye
apne praanon par khel gaye
apne praanon par khel gaye
naam pe tere par laakhon jawaan
duniya ke sab sukh bhool gaye
dulhan ka ghunghat bin khole hi
phaansi par jhool gaye
phaansi pe wo jhool gaye
tu swaraaj le aaya. . .
tu swaraaj le aaya
hum to phir bhi rahe lachaar
gandhi tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
bapu tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar

azaadi ki jung ladaa tha
isi liye kya hindostan
isi liye kya hindostan
arey nyaye maangne nyayaalay mein
ja na sakey koi insaan
ja na sakey koi insaan
kitne hi nirdosh yahaan
misa ke andar band huye
andhe kuen mein kitne hi
azaad samandar band huye
azaad samandar band huye
ismat loota karte hain jo
ban kar raaj ke pehredaar
apni satta rakhne ko jo
chheene janta ke adhikar
chheene janta ke adhikar
gandhi tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
bapu tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar

dekhi kahin kalam-bandi
dekhi kahin zubaan-bandi
dekhi kahin zubaan-bandi
darr ki hukumat har dil par bhi
saara hindostan bandi
saara hindostan bandi
nasbandi ke naam pe zulm huye
wo dukhion deenon par
lagta tha latka ho jaise
prajatantr sangeenon par
prajatantr sangeenon par
prajatantr sangeenon par
turkmaan wo gate aasmaan
toota jahaan zameenon par
chala diye bulldozer jab
bebas logon ke seenon par
bebas logon ke seenon par
bebas logon ke seenon par
apnon ke haathon hi..ee..ee..ee
apnon ke haathon apnon pe
goli ki bauchhaar
gandhi tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar
bapu tere desh mein
ye kaisa atyaachaar

saare desh par zulmon sitam ke
ghor andhere jab chhaaye
ghor andhere jab chhaaye
tab prakash ki kirnen le kar
jai prakash aage aaye
jai prakash aage aaye
gandhi tere naam ki
ab hogi jai jaikaar
gandhi tere name ki
ab hogi jai jaikaar
arey jo bhi hukumat zulm karegi
uski hogi haar
jo bhi hukumat zulm karegi
uski hogi haar

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जनता की आवाज़ है ये
सुन ले ओ बापू गांधी
ये कैसा हाहाकार देश में
ये कैसी आग की आँधी
कहाँ गई वो तेरी अहिंसा॰ ॰ ॰
कहाँ गई वो तेरी अहिंसा
कहाँ गया वो प्यार
गांधी तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
बापू तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
एक भारत में बन गए
जालियाँवाले बाग हज़ार
गांधी तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
बापू तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार

तूने जब आवाज़ लगाई
सारा हिन्दोस्तान उठा
सारा हिन्दोस्तान उठा
अंग्रेजों के दिल भी दहले
ऐसा एक तूफान उठा
ऐसा एक तूफान उठा
खुशी खुशी तेरे कहने पर
भारतवासी जेल गए
सीने पे गोली झेल गए
अपने प्राणों पर खेल गए
अपने प्राणों पर खेल गए
नाम पे तेरे लाखों जवाँ
दुनिया के सब दुख भूल गए
दुल्हन का घूँघट बिन खोले ही
फांसी पर झूल गए
फांसी पे वो झूल गए
तू स्वराज ले आया॰ ॰ ॰
तू स्वराज ले आया
हम तो फिर भी रहे लाचार
गांधी तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
बापू तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार

आज़ादी की जंग लड़ा था
इसीलिए क्या हिन्दोस्तान
इसीलिए क्या हिन्दोस्तान
अरे न्याय मांगने न्यायालय में
जा ना सके कोई इंसान
जा ना सके कोई इंसान
कितने ही निर्दोष यहाँ
मीसा के अंदर बंद हुये
अंधे कूंए में कितने ही
आज़ाद समंदर बंद हुये
आज़ाद समंदर बंद हुये
इस्मत लूटा करते हैं जो
बन कर राज के पहरेदार
अपनी सत्ता रखने को जो
छीनें जनता के अधिकार
छीनें जनता के अधिकार
गांधी तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
बापू तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार

देखी कहीं कलम-बंदी
देखी कहीं ज़ुबान बंदी
देखी कहीं ज़ुबान बंदी
डर की हुकूमत हर दी पर भी
सारा हिन्दोस्तान बंदी
सारा हिन्दोस्तान बंदी
नसबंदी के नाम पे ज़ुल्म हुए
वो दुखिओं-दीनों पर
लगता था लटका हो जैसे
प्रजातंत्र संगीनों पर
प्रजातंत्र संगीनों पर
तुर्कमान वो गेट आसमान
टूटा जहां ज़मीनों पर
चला दिये बुलडोज़र जब
बेबस लोगों के सीनों पर
बेबस लोगों के सीनों पर
बेबस लोगों के सीनों पर
अपनों के हाथों ही॰॰ई॰॰ई॰॰ई
अपनों के हाथों अपनों पे
गोली की बौछार
गांधी तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार
बापू तेरे देश में
ये कैसा अत्याचार

सारे देश पे ज़ुल्म ओ सितम के
घोर अंधेरे जब छाए
घोर अंधेरे जब छाए
तब प्रकाश की किरणें ले कर
जयप्रकाश आगे आए
जयप्रकाश आगे आए
गांधी तेरे नाम की
अब होगी जय जयकार
गांधी तेरे नाम की
अब होगी जय जयकार
अरे जो भी हुकूमत ज़ुल्म करेगी
उसकी होगी हार
जो भी हुकूमत ज़ुल्म करेगी
उसकी होगी हार


This article is written by Nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4092 Post No. : 15236

I have been meaning to write a post on Majrooh Sultanpuri for some months now to commemorate the 100th birth Anniversary of a poet and film song writer par excellence.   But as usual one puts somethings on back burner and postpones things for some other time.

Last week I started the lyrics of this song from ‘Qayaamat Se Qayaamat Tak’ (1988), incidentally on my iPad and saved the file in yahoo mail. But that file is not opening in the any of the computers, so this post again didn’t even start.  Today is 1st October, 2019.  A very nice post by Sadanad Kamath Sir has appeared in the blog, which is quiet inspiring and it gave fresh ammunition to my jaded thoughts to start this write up.

Majrooh Saab’s super success with all music director, big and small, prolific and selective, is not comparable to anyone else.   None of the major song writers in his era can boast a list of composers as comprehensive as him, and more importantly successful, famous and hit songs.  Be it Madan Mohan and SD Burman, Chitragupt and Laxmikant Pyarelal, or RD Burman, Roshan, Rajesh Roshan & Khaiyyam, least of all Naushad & OP Nayyar, C Ramchandra & Salil Chaudhary also. I don’t have to start listing the beautiful lyrical and profound songs, Majrooh Saab wrote with/for all these composers.

Among his contemporaries, Kaifi Azmi, Sahir Ludhianvi, Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri, Rajendra Krishnan, Shakeel Badayuni, Qamar Jalaalabadi, later on Indeevar, Anand Bakshi and Gulzar etc., most were aligned with a music director or a film production  group etc.  Music Directors also preferred to work with a single lyricist or a couple at a time.  Among the major composers only SD Burman seemed to have worked with all of the above listed lyricist, as well as Majrooh.

Sahir Ludhianvi was more prone to making tributes to other poets in his songs.  But Majrooh seems to have paid a ‘khiraj-e-aqeedat’ to his fellow progressive poet Faiz Ahmed Faiz in Madan Mohan’s “Chiraag’ song “Teri Aankhon Ke Siwa Duniya Mein Rakha Kya Hai”.  This line is part of the immortal Nazm by Faiz – “Mujh Se Pehli Si Mohabbat Mere Mehboob Na Maang“.

In recent times, I have found that reading good work by others inspires me to write my own thoughts.  This is truer about poetry.  When I listen to some poets work, it given wings to my thoughts too.  I feel like writing something not necessarily on similar lines, better or superior, but some verse, some tributary sentences.

One can only wonder how such great creative minds must have felt when they heard some inspiring work of other greats and felt like expanding on the theme.  In this instance Majrooh Saab has gone on another tangent –

teri aankhon ke siwaa duniya mein rakkha kya hai
ye utthen subha chale, ye jhuken sham dhaley
mera jeena mera marna inhi palkon ke taley

As a poet with a heart that was Majrooh, why won’t he say –

dil me rakh lena ise haathon se ye chhoote na kahin
geet naazuk hai mera sheeshe se bhi toote na kahin

In my earlier tribute post for Majrooh Saab I have stated that just the lyrical poetry in “Rahen Na Rahen Hum, Mehka Karenge” in ‘Mamta’ (1966) is enough to make his place in the ‘Hall of Fame’ of Hindi film music.   Many colourful songs for Nasir Hussain’s films are written by Majrooh Saab for OP Nayyar and RD Burman.

The new age songs written by Majrooh for the film ‘Khaamoshi’ (1996) are among my favourites.  This time I have chosen a song from the 1988 film ‘Qayaamat Se Qayaamat Tak’ produced by Nasir Hussain and directed by his son Mansoor Khan for launching of Tahir Hussain’s son Aamir Khan. Incidentally dialogues, story and screenplay all are credit to Nasir Hussain.  The song starts with prelude music of clocks going “tick tock tick tock” in a departmental store, where Juhi Chawla has come to shop with her parents, Dalip Tahil and Beena.  She accidentally runs into Aamir Khan, who has promised his parent that he will not meet and talk to Juni Chawla for 6 month (?) or so. Aamir Khan and Juhi Chawla belong to two Rajput families who are at logger heads with each other over past broken alliances among the families due to which Dalip Tahil’s sister had committed suicide.

Juhi Chawla and Aamir Khan met during a picnic trip to Mount Abu and fell in love without knowing that their families are having this rivalry.  Due to this, the love story is actually doomed to end in tragedy, but at the time of this song the lovebirds are unaware of this and are happily waiting for the wait period to get over. The singers are Udit Narayan and Alka Yagnik, and the music is by Anand-Milind. The songwriter is one and only Majrooh Sultanpuri.   If I remember correctly, this was the film which started the trend of abbreviating the name of film as QSQT.

A song of hope and happy endings. A song with birthday parties, picnic on cycles and dreamy dates and marking days in the calendar till happy days are here again.

Song – Ae Mere Humsafar, Ek Zara Intezaar (Qayaamat Se Qayaamat Tak) (1988) Singer – Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD – Anand Milind

Lyrics 

ae mere
humsafar
ek zara intezaar
sun sadaayen
de rahi hai
manzil pyaar ki
ae mere
humsafar
ek zara intezaar
sun sadaayen
de rahi hai
manzil pyaar ki

ab hai judaai ka mausam
do pal ka mehmaan
kaise na jaayega andhera
kyun na thamega toofaan
ab hai judaai ka mausam
do pal ka mehmaan
kaise na jaayega andhera
kyun na thamega toofaan
kaise na milegi
manzil pyaar ki
ae mere
humsafar
ek zaraa intezaar
sun sadaayen
de rahi hai
manzil pyaar ki

pyaar ne jahaan pe rakkha hai
jhoom ke qadam ek baar
wahin se khula hai koi rasta
wahin se giri hai deewaar
pyaar ne jahaan pe rakkha hai
jhoom ke qadam ek baar
wahin se khula hai koi rasta
wahin se giri hai deewaar
roke kab ruki hai
manzil pyaar ki
ae mere
humsafar
ek zara intezaar
sun sadaayen
de rahi hai
manzil pyaar ki

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Nahm)
———————————————————-

ए मेरे
हमसफर
एक ज़रा इंतजार
सुन सदाएं
दे रही हैं
मंज़िल प्यार की
ए मेरे
हमसफर
एक ज़रा इंतजार
सुन सदाएं
दे रही हैं
मंज़िल प्यार की

अब है जुदाई का मौसम
दो पल का महमाँ
कैसे न जाएगा अंधेरा
क्यूँ न थमेगा तूफान
अब है जुदाई का मौसम
दो पल का महमाँ
कैसे न जाएगा अंधेरा
क्यूँ न थमेगा तूफान
कैसे न मिलेगी
मंज़िल प्यार की
ए मेरे
हमसफर
एक ज़रा इंतजार
सुन सदाएं
दे रही हैं
मंज़िल प्यार की

प्यार ने जहां पे रक्खा है
झूम के कदम एक बार
वहीं से खुला है कोई रस्ता 
वहीं से गिरि है दीवार
प्यार ने जहां पे रक्खा है
झूम के कदम एक बार
वहीं से खुला है कोई रस्ता
वहीं से गिरि है दीवार
रोके कब रुकी है
मंज़िल प्यार की
ए मेरे
हमसफर
एक ज़रा इंतजार
सुन सदाएं
दे रही हैं
मंज़िल प्यार की


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4092 Post No. : 15235 Movie Count :

4187

Songs Repeated in Hindi Films – 11
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

I could not have expected a better surprise than this one today. Aha, here is this wonderful memorable song that has got repeated in a film after 34 years. And now, that repeat itself is 28 years past. Wow, 62 years later we are going to talk about a song from 1957, which appeared once again in another film in 1991.

Yes, the iconic song of road travel that has been immortalized in the annals of Indian cinema. The tone and the context of the song – a vagabond traveler, a second hand truck, the endless roads, and a journey without a destination – it set the template for others to emulate. Footloose has no mark over this. Don’t we all, at some time in life, aspire for a meandering aimless trip, just for the sake of the journey. And just for the heck of it. The destination – may it exist or not, companions – may they be there or not. Desultory, adrift, without any aim, feckless – when the apparent random futility is the purpose of the endeavor. What a state to be in – being, and yet not being, nary a care in the world. Aah yes, the mind sometimes wants an escape of sorts – “Le Chala Jidhar Ye Dil Nikal Padey”.

The original from the film ‘Nau Do Gyarah’ (1957) needs no introductions. The words, the melody and the imagery is etched in the mind, in all its details – Delhi roads of mid 1950s, sans traffic; the time when the traffic used to pass under the India Gate, and the Kashmere Gate (now these are monuments, cordoned off from the traffic); a miniscule encounter with a coy lady sitting in a car coming from the opposite direction; driving past the Taj Mahal; the long row of village belles carrying earthen pots of water, offering no grass (घास नहीं डालती 🙂 ) to the most handsome beseeching young man claiming to be laid out like a carpet at their feet – yes, all etched in the mind like it happened yesterday.

Time was when Sachin Da was quite, nay very selective, as always, in his choice of the singing voice for individual songs. And Kishore Da was never his ‘always’ choice for playback for Dev Anand. But Sachin Da has been proven right and right and right again, in his choice of singing voices. Imagine a “Khoya Khoya Chaand. . .”, or “Dil Ka Bhanwar. . .” or “Tu Kahaan Ye Bataa. . .” or “Hum Bekhudi Mein. . .” in a voice other than Rafi Sb, and a “Jaayen To Jaayen Kahaan. . .” in a voice other than Talat Sb, or the jazzy “Hum Dum Se Gaye. . .” in a voice other than Manna Dey, or the magnificent “Ye Raat Ye Chandni. . .”, or “Na Tum Hamen Jaano. . .” or “Chup Hai Dharti. . .” or “Yaad Aa Gayin Wo. . .” in a voice other than Hemant Da. It just will not stick in the imagination. Sachin Da got the best, the most suitable voice for the song, and after listening to them, the only verdict is – it cannot be bettered. In all the outings that Sachin Da shared with Dev Anand, apparently ‘Funtoosh’ (1956) and ‘Prem Pujari’ (1970) are the only two collaborations wherein we hear Kishore Da as the only voice playing back for Dev Anand. In all other films they have done together, Sachin Da has used a combination of different voices for Dev Sb. ‘Baazi’ (1951) also has only Kishore Da’s voice backing up Dev Anand for “Dil Ye Kya Cheez Hai. . .”, but then it is the only male voice song in the film, and that too, a song that only Kishore Da can do justice to.

And not just for Dev Sb. Sachin Da also has Rafi Sb and Kishore Da playing back for Rajesh Khanna in ‘Aradhana’ (1969), and Rafi Sb, Kishore Da and Manhar as the singing voices for Amitabh Bachchan in ‘Abhimaan’ (1973). Here was a music director who had his finger not on the pulse of public appeal, but on the pulse of divining which voice is the most suitable for a particular melody, a particular mood, and a particular situation.

And so, coming to the surprise that I mentioned in the first line of this write up. As I picked up this song for creating the next post in the series of repeat songs, a realization hit home. Today is the birth anniversaries of the two stalwarts who created the original song in 1957 – Sachin Da and Majrooh Sb. For Majrooh Sb, it is the centenary celebration, and for Sachin Da it is the 113th. Actually, Majrooh Sb’s info was already in mind since last night, as I was preparing Sadanand ji’s excellent write up for this great poet. And the rest of the coincidental links fell in place as I picked up this song for today’s post.

The film ‘Dil Hai Ke Maanta Nahin’ from 1991, is a popular hit romantic comedy from its time. It is remake of the storyline of the iconic ‘Chori Chori’ from 1956, which had the lead pair billing of Nargis and Raj Kapoor. And in turn, ‘Chori Chori’ is following the same storyline as the 1934 Hollywood hit film ‘It Happened One Night’, starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, and directed by the legendary Frank Capra. This theme has also been used in other films in Kannada and Tamil. In later years, we also see ‘Jab We Met’ in 2007, based somewhat loosely on the same storyline.

The film is produced by Gulshan Kumar and is directed by Mahesh Bhatt. The lead pair is Aamir Khan and Pooja Bhatt. By 1991, Aamir was already an acknowledged star in the industry, and Pooja was just beginning her career. For both of them, this film proved to be a strong fillip for their individual careers.

The caper is well known – a spoilt heiress of a rich businessman flees from home, to be with the person she believes, wrongly of course, she is in love with. On the way, she meets another boy, the hero of the story, who helps her to get to her target, and eventually lands her back at her father’s home. As an outcome of the road adventures that are shared by the boy and the girl, they inadvertently and without realizing it till quite late in the storyline, fall in love with each other. And the movie ends with the girl fleeing once again (with the help of a very co-operative father) on the way to the altar, to be with the person she is truly in love with.

When I came to this connection, I was/am quite astounded. What a selection of a song for a memory reprisal. The original song with Dev Sb in the driver’s seat, is about an aimless road adventure. And in this film, the lead protagonists are going thru a road adventure of their own making, trying to save themselves from police, the detectives in pursuit and the general public who have been made aware of the runaway girl through newspaper ads and posters.

On their runaway adventure, there is car breakdown. It is taken into a garage for repairs. The mechanic departs briefly to get some welding work done from outside. The boy-girl pair are alone in the garage. The radio on the mechanic’s desk is playing. And as the mechanic departs, on comes this song on the radio waves. It catches the attention of the boy, who requests the girl to increase the volume on the radio. He is quite taken in with this ‘मस्त’ (catchy, engrossing) song. Coming close to the girl he takes her in his arms and they begin to dance to the tune. Their eyes meet. There is that oh so lovely pause in everything. Something tingles and connects. There is surprise and uncertainty on the faces of both of them. In the eyes, there is also an expectation of a liking that is so demure and endearing. It is one of those moments that feels like eternity. And yes, magic.

Till that ‘पाजी’ (scoundrel) mechanic barges in with a newspaper in hand announcing that the girl’s father is publicly searching for her. The moment of magic is so brutally broken.

The repeat song is the original. In this scene, somewhat less than two stanzas are played. Of course this is not listed in the songs of the film and does not appear on its cassette or CD. And so, in this post, I am retaining the original credits for this everlasting song.

And yes, once again, celebrating the anniversaries of the two of the greatest song-music creators in the Indian film industry. “Hum Hain Raahi Pyaar Ke. . .” – goodness, what a fantastic tagline.

Song – Hum Hain Raahi Pyaar Ke, Hum Se Kuchh Na Boliye  (Dil Hai Ke Maanta Nahin) (1991) Singers – Kishore Kumar, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD – SD Burman

Lyrics

hum hain raahi pyaar ke
hamse kuchh na boliye
hum hain raahi pyaar ke
hamse kuchh na boliye
hum hain raahi pyaar ke
hamse kuchh na boliye
jo bhi pyaar se milaa
hum usi ke ho liye
hum usi ke ho liye
jo bhi pyaar se milaa
hum usi ke ho liye

dard bhi hamen qubool
chain bhi hamen qubool
dard bhi hamen qubool
chain bhi hamen qubool
hamne har tarah ke phool
haar mein piro liye
hamne har tarah ke phool
haar mein piro liye
jo bhi pyaar se milaa
hum usi ke ho liye
hum usi ke ho liye
jo bhi pyaar se milaa
hum usi ke ho liye

dhoop thi naseeb mein
to dhoop mein liyaa hai dam
dhoop thi naseeb mein
to dhoop mein liyaa hai dam
chaandni mili to hum
chaandni mein so liye
chaandni mili to hum
chaandni mein . . .

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

हम हैं राही प्यार के
हमसे कुछ न बोलिए
हम हैं राही प्यार के
हमसे कुछ न बोलिए
हम हैं राही प्यार के
हमसे कुछ न बोलिए
जो भी प्यार से मिला
हम उसी के हो लिए
हम उसी के हो लिए
जो भी प्यार से मिला
हम उसी के हो लिए

दर्द भी हमें कुबूल
चैन भी हमें कुबूल
दर्द भी हमें कुबूल
चैन भी हमें कुबूल
हमने हर तरह के फूल
हार में पिरो लिए
हमने हर तरह के फूल
हार में पिरो लिए
जो भी प्यार से मिला
हम उसी के हो लिए
हम उसी के हो लिए
जो भी प्यार से मिला
हम उसी के हो लिए

धूप थी नसीब में
तो धूप में लिया है दम
धूप थी नसीब में
तो धूप में लिया है दम
चाँदनी मिली तो हम
चाँदनी में सो लिए
चाँदनी मिली तो हम
चाँदनी में ॰ ॰ ॰


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4092 Post No. : 15234

hamaare baad ab mehefil mein afsaane bayaan honge
bahaaren humko dhoondengi na jaane hum kahaan honge

rahen naa rahen ham mehakaa karenge
ban ke kali, ban ke sabaa, baag e wafaa mein

ek din bik jaayega maati ke mol
jag mein reh jaayenge pyaare tere bol
duje ke hothon ko dekar apne geet
koyee nishaanee chhod, phir duniya se dol

These three songs of Majrooh saab and some more are of the eminence that would have been categorised as poems of repute if they were not film songs.

Remembering Majrooh Sultanpuri (01/10/1919 – 24/05/2000) today on his birth centenary. In fact, Majrooh Saab’s birth centenary celebrations commenced on September 30, 2018 with a 2-day National Seminar on his contributions to Hindi films and the Urdu literature which was held at the Kalina campus of Mumbai University. Thereafter, a few more such celebrations were also held elsewhere. For instance, Hindustan Academy celebrated his centenary at Prayagraj on August 19, 2019. Paasbaan-e-Adab also arranged Majrooh Saab’s birth centenary celebrations on December 22, 2018 at Yeshwantrao Chavan Auditorium in Mumbai in which his non-filmy ghazals were show-cased in the form of songs by upcoming singers.  In Delhi, Jashn-e-Rekhta scheduled a special session on Majrooh Saab in its annual conference in December 14, 2018. I am sure many more such celebrations would have taken place all over India.

Like Shailendra, Majrooh Saab had a reluctant entry into the film world as a lyricist. But once he got associated with his first film ‘Shahjahan’ (1946), he ruled the Hindi film industry as a lyricist for nearly 6 decades with over 2000 songs in about 350 films. He wrote lyrics for the first generation hero, KL Saigal under the baton of the first generation music director, Naushad for Shahjahan’ (1946) to the third generation hero, Shah Rukh Khan and the third generation music director,  AR Rahman for ‘1 To Ka 4’ (2001).   This is the testimony of his smooth adaptation of the changing environments in Hindi film music. He achieved this stature on his own terms throughout his filmy career.

Naturally, with his long association with Hindi films, the range of the songs Majrooh Saab wrote varied. Some samples of his  different genres of songs : Gham Kiye Musthakil , C A T Cat, Cat Maane Billi, Bade Bhole Ho Hanste Ho Sun Ke Duhaai,  Dhalki Jaaye Hamaari Chundariyaa Ho Raam, Raahi Manwa Dukh Ki Chinta Kyun Sataati Hai, Aa Ja Aa Ja Main Hoon Pyaar Tera, Papa Kehte Hain Bada Naam Karega etc. He also wrote a few pop songs like Raat Shabnami Bheegi Chaandni. The list is endless.

Much has been said about Majrooh Saab in both the print and electronic medias. I had also written two articles on him for the blog. So, I will skip his biographical part and would confine my discussion mainly with his contributions as a lyricist and a poet.

Some of Majrooh Saab’s contemporary lyricists like Sahir Ludhianvi, Shailendra, Kaifi Azmi, Prem Dhawan were already associated with Progressive Writers Association (PWA), a group of writers with leftist ideology, when they got associated with Hindi film industry. For Majrooh Saab, it was in the reverse order. He joined PWA only after he got associated with Hindi films in 1946. But he was the most fearless among PWA lyricists. In 1949, he was arrested in Mumbai for reciting an inflammatory poem written by him in the gathering of the mill workers in Mumbai (earlier Bombay). He was given an option to apologise or spend two years in prison. He opted for the latter despite the fact that with the box office success of his film ‘Andaz’ (1949) and his songs becoming popular among the public, his filmy career had brightened up. Probably, Majrooh Saab was the only one among PWA lyricists who had gone to jail in India in the post-independent period.

Two years of absence from the Hindi film industry is a long enough for anyone to be forgotten. Majrooh Saab is perhaps the only lyricist who made a successful comeback in the Hindi film industry after two years of his hibernation in jail. But it was not a smooth sailing for his comeback. Naushad for whom he wrote successful songs in ‘Shahjahan’ (1946) and ‘Andaz’ (1949) refuse to work with Majrooh Saab saying that he would not work with non-believers. (Generally, followers of leftist’s ideology were regarded as atheist).  Of course, later they made up, and worked together in ‘Saathi’ (1968), and still later became ‘sambandhi’ (relatives by marriage of their kins).

While Majrooh Saab got opportunities to write one or two songs for some films of 1951-52, it was in 1953, he got for the first time after ‘Andaz’ (1949) to exclusively write songs for ‘Baaghi’ (1953) working with Madan Mohan, ‘Fareb’ (1953) with Anul Biswas and ‘Baaz’ (1953) with OP Nayyar. Unfortunately, despite having good songs, these films failed miserably at the box office. However, the versatility of Majrooh Saab as a lyricist became evident from these films which had different genres of songs. In a way, one can say that Majrooh Saab’s writing of light-hearted songs began with ‘Baaz’ (1953).

It was ‘Aar Paar’ (1954) which once more brought together the Guru Dutt-OP Nayyar-Majrooh Saab combination. And this time, they became a winning combination. The fortunes of this combo changed for the better and they repeated their feat with ‘Mr and Mrs 1955’ (1955) and ‘CID’ (1956). Generally, we talk about the catchy tune. But in these films, for the first time, Hindi film industry got the taste of ‘catchy lyrics’ of Majrooh Saab who until then, had been identified with melancholic songs of ‘Shahjahan’ (1946), and ‘Andaz’ (1949).

Majrooh saab is known as a master craftsman in writing lyrics for a pre-set tune. His choice of appropriate words which not only fit best in the metre of the line but also  suited to the ‘meend’ (ascending or descending notes in the metre) and ‘murki’ (short taan in the metre) for pre-set tunes. As a result, listeners would believe that he wrote the lyrics first and the music director set the tune later. There are hundreds of such examples of his songs written on pre-set tunes. I will just discuss a couple of his songs which have been written on a pre-set tunes:

chhupaa lo yoon dil mein pyaar meraa
ke jaise mandir mein lau diye ki

hide away (protect) my love in your heart
like the flame of a lamp in a temple

This is a song from ‘Mamta’ (1966) set to tune based on raag Yaman by Roshan. This song has been written in pure Hindi. The second line of the mukhda has an unusual imagery which gets repeated in each of the antaraas. But at each place, the meaning of the imagery changes based on the previous lines. It is a wonder as to how Majrooh Saab could imagine and conceive the right emotion with right words. I feel that literary quality of this song makes it fit enough to be included in the curriculum of Hindi poems in the high school.

Now see the contrast in the second example of the song of a different genre written in Hindi-Urdu mix:

He: hum ne to dil ko aap ke qadmon pe rakh diyaa
      iss dil ka kya karenge yeh ab aap sochiye

She: hum aap ki wafaa ki qasam khaa rahen hain aaj
       kaise wafaa karenge yeh ab aap sochiye

He: i have kept my heart at your feet
now it is up to you to think what to do with it

She: i swear by your faithfulness today
now you decide how to sustain this faith

This is a deleted song from the film ‘Mere Sanam’ (1965) set to music by OP Nayyar. Again, these lines show the mastery of Majrooh Saab in using appropriate words on a pre-set tune without disturbing the metre of the song. On top of it, as a bonus to the listeners, he has written the song in a ‘shaayaraana andaz’ – ghazal style (but it is not a ghazal). The song belongs to the genre of romance but it is also a soft ‘nok jhonk’ (quick repartee) song.

How one can forget the contributions of Majrooh Saab in reviving the interest in duet songs which had seen a declining trend in the early 1950s. Majrooh Saab held the view that it was not the fault of producers-directors but of lyricists and music directors who did not pay much attention to the duet songs. As a result, directors reduced the duet song situations in their films.

Hindi films had the best duet songs during 1955-70 mainly from Majrooh Saab in combination with Burman Da and OP Nayyar which were mostly in the genre of romantic comedy. The films which had a few popular duets were ‘Aar Paar’ (1954), ‘Mr and Mrs 1955’ (1955), ‘Nau Do Gyaarah’ (1957), Paying Guest (1957), ‘Tumsa Nahin Dekha’ (1957), ‘Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi’ (1958), ‘Dil Deke Dekho’ (1959), ‘Phir Wohi Dil Laaya Hoon’ (1963), ‘Teen Deviyan’ (1965), ‘Mere Sanam’ (1965), ‘Mohabbat Isko Kehte Hain’(1965), ‘Teesri Manzil’(1966) and many more.

From the mid-1960s onward, Majrooh Saab started working with the second generation of music directors also. Laxmikant-Pyarelal (LP) and RD Burman were two promising music directors amongst them. But both were struggling to get themselves firmly established in Hindi film industry since early 1960s. One may call it a sheer co-incidence that when Majrooh Saab worked with them for the first time in ‘Dosti’ (1964) and ‘Teesri Manzil’ (1966) respectively, the films and their songs became super hit. Although LP’s ‘Parasmani’ (1963) was a box office success with its songs becoming very popular, it was only after the extra-ordinary success of ‘Dosti’ (1964) that LP started getting big banner films. Same was true for R D Burman after the success of ‘Teesri Manzil’ (1966). From these two films onward, both LP and RD Burman got a tremendous boost to their filmy career. Majrooh Saab worked with RD Burman in as many as 75 films churning out around 350 songs. With LP, he worked in 42 films with around 200 songs.

Next in the line of the second generation of the music directors with whom Majrooh Saab worked are, Rajesh Roshan, Anand-Milind and Jatin-Lalit, among others. Again, whether it was a co-incidence or the magical lyrics of Majrooh Saab, his first association with them also turned out to be their first successful film at the box office. The films were ‘Kunwaara Baap’ (1974), ‘Qayaamat Se Qayaamat Tak’ (1988) and ‘Jo Jeeta Wohi Siknadar’ (1992) respectively.

There is another side of Majrooh Saab’s personality and that is as an Urdu poet of repute. And he kept this side of his personality distinct from that of a lyricist of Hindi film songs making it sure that his ideological views do not seep into his film lyrics. Though Majrooh Saab had written many meaningful lyrics, he never considered them to be part of his poems. So, if one wishes to know the real personality of Majrooh Saab, one has to read his ‘taraqqi-pasand’ (progressive) ghazals. I have  gone through the ghazals that are available online. His hardcore revolutionary call was evident in most of his ghazals which he wrote in the 1940s.  An example:

jalaa ke mashaal-e-jaan hum junoon-sifaat chale
jo ghar ko aag lagaaye wo hamaare saath chale

Majrooh Saab is regarded as a pioneer in writing modern progressive ghazals, breaking away from the conventional style of ghazals of the classical poets. He gave a different interpretation of some of the common metaphors used in the conventional ghazals, in his progressive ghazals. For instance, the word ‘manzil’ is often used in the conventional ghazal to reach out to the beloved. But Majrooh Saab has used ‘manzil’ in plural form in the ‘matla’ she’r of one of his popular  progressive ghazals  to mean that the attainment of objectives (manzilen) becomes easy when someone joins hands with him (comradeship):

mujhe sahal ho gayi manzilen, wo hawaa ke rukh bhi badal gaye
teraa haath haath mein aa gayaa, ke charaag raah mein jal gaye

Most of Majrooh Saab’s ghazals written in 1940s are filled with heavy doses of Arabic and Persian words. But it is not surprising, as he had studied Arabic and Persian in school. Once he got associated with Hindi films, probably, Majrooh Saab could not devote much time to Urdu literature. Hence his output in terms of published works is limited. ‘Kulliyat-e-Majrooh Sultanpuri’  seems to be the only published works of his ghazals.

Majrooh Saab’s journey of six decades of prolific song writer of Hindi films ended on the planet of earth on May 24, 2000 but not before he was conferred with the prestigious Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1993 – the first Hindi film lyricist to get this award. He left around 2000 of his Hindi film songs for us to cherish his memory for eternity.

On the occasion of birth centenary of Majrooh Saab, I have chosen an apt song written by him from the film ‘Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa’ (1994) which was directed by one of my favourite directors, Kundan Shah. The song is ‘Wo To Hai Albela Hazaaron Mein Akela’ a duet sung by Devaki Pandit and Kumar Sanu. The song is set to music by Jatin-Lalit.

One of the interesting features of the picturization of the song is that both Devaki Pandit and Kumar Sanu lip sync for multiple actors. Devaki Pandit lip syncs for Shashi Sahay, Sadia Siddiqui, Reeta Bhaduri and Kumar Sanu lip syncs for Nasiruddin Shah, Tiku Talsania, Satish Shah and Anjaan Srivastav. On the sound track, both the singers sing a few lines together but, in the film, their voices are for the entire group of actors and actresses.

A reading of Majrooh Saab’s lyrics of this song reminds me to say that his style of song writing remained, more or less, the same throughout his filmy career. I do not think that other Hindi song lyricists would have used the words like ‘aib’ (vice) and ‘hunar’ (virtue) in their songs in the  1990s.

Audio

Video

Song – Wo To Hai Albela, Hazaaron Mein Akela  (Kabhi Haan Kabhi Naa) (1994) Singer – Devaki Pandit, Kumar Sanu, Lyrics – Majrooh Sultanpuri, MD – Jatin-Lalit
Devaki Pandit + Kumar Sanu

Lyrics

wo to hai albela
hazaaron mein akela
wo to hai albela aa
hazaaron mein akela
sadaa tum ne aib dekha
hunar ko na dekha
wo to hai albela
hazaaron mein akela
sadaa tum ne aib dekha
hunar ko na dekha
wo to hai albela aa
 
fursat mili na tumhen apne jahaan se
us ke bhi dil ki kabhi samjhte kahaan se
fursat mili na tumhen apne jahaan se
us ke bhi dil ki kabhi samjhte kahaan se
jaana hai jise patthar
heera hai wo to heera
sadaa tum ne aib dekha
hunar ko na dekha
wo to hai albela aa
hazaaron mein akela
wo to hai albela aa
 
bansi ko lakdi sadaa samjha kiye tum
par us ke naghmon ki dhun kahaan sun sakey tum
bansi ko lakdi sadaa samjha kiye tum
par us ke naghmon ki dhun kahaan sun sakey tum
diye ki maati dekhi
dekhi na us ki jyoti
sadaa tum ne aib dekha
hunar ko na dekha
wo to hai albela
hazaaron mein akela
wo to hai albela aa
hazaaron mein akela
sadaa tum ne aib dekha
hunar ko na dekha
wo to hai albela
hazaaron mein akela
wo to hai… albela aa

———————————-
Devnagari script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
सदा तुमने एब देखा
हुनर को ना देखा
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
सदा तुमने एब देखा
हुनर को ना देखा

फुर्सत मिली ना तुम्हें अपने जहां से
उसके भी दिल की समझते कहाँ से
फुर्सत मिली ना तुम्हें अपने जहां से
उसके भी दिल की समझते कहाँ से
जाना है जिसे पत्थर
हीरा है वो तो हीरा
सदा तुमने एब देखा
हुनर को ना देखा
वो तो है अलबेला॰॰आ
हजारों में अकेला
वो तो है अलबेला॰॰आ

बंसी को लड़की सदा समझा किए तुम
पर उसके नग़मों की धुन कहाँ सुन सके तुम
बंसी को लड़की सदा समझा किए तुम
पर उसके नग़मों की धुन कहाँ सुन सके तुम
दिये की माटी देखी
देखी ना उसकी ज्योती
सदा तुमने एब देखा
हुनर को ना देखा
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
सदा तुमने एब देखा
हुनर को ना देखा
वो तो है अलबेला
हजारों में अकेला
वो तो है॰ ॰ ॰ अलबेला॰॰आ


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1179
Total Number of movies covered =4192

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