Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1948


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5069 Post No. : 16987

Today’s song is from the film ‘Mala The Mighty’ (1948).

When I had first heard the name of this film, I wondered how ‘Mala’- a girl can be mighty ? I could never imagine that Mala could be a male’s name too. It was only after I grew up and toured the Eastern India (read W.B.) for official work, I came across this strange phenomenon – where, what is considered as an exclusive feminine name in the rest of India, could be a male’s name too ! Names like Mrinal, Vimal, Kamal, Jyoti, Mridul, Daya, Champavati, Devki, Dwaraka, Hiran etc. India truely is unique !

Film ‘Mala The Mighty’ was described as a costume drama, but clearly it was a C grade jungle film. The film’s other name was also ‘Sher-e-Jungle’. The film was produced by Basant Pictures of Homi Wadia. Homi was the younger brother of JBH Wadia and they were joint owners of Wadia Movietone, which was famous for making action/stunt films in the 30’s and the 40’s. The arrival of Fearless Nadia into Wadia Movietone strengthened its fortunes, The younger brother Homi Wadia fell in love with Nadia. he wanted to marry her, but his mother was against it. Therefore, only after his mother’s death, Homi married the then 51 year old Nadia and she became NADIA WADIA !

In 1942 there was a dispute between the brothers. The elder JBH Wadiawanted to make social and other genre films, while Homi wanted to continue with action/stunt films. He felt the financial risks were much less in action films and as such they already had a very good team of actors. In the end Homi Wadia formed his own Basant Pictures. The whole team led by Nadia joined Homi’s production house. Wadia Movietone had the non-human participants for stunt films, like the horse -Punjab Ka Beta, a Dog – Tiger and a Motor car – Rolls Royce Ki Beti. Homi Wadia made a new team with the Horse – Rajpoot, Dog – Moti, Motor Car – Austin Ki Bachhi and in addition they had a motorcycle – Runnio.

Home Wadia had the winning lead pair of Nadia and John Cawas for stunt films. By 1948, Nadia had reached the midpoint of her career. From 1933, in 15 years’ time she had done 28 action/stunt films. She slowed down and in the next 11 years she did 15 films only. Homi was always on the lookout for an actress who would take over from Nadia. First he got actress Radha Rani who did only 7 films for him and left. Then he found actress Leela- about whom no information is available. There was a time when several Leelas were acting in Hindi films – like Leela Chitnis, Leela Desai, Leela Chandragiri, Leela Gupte, Leela Pawar, Leela Sawant, Singer Leela Mehta and later on Leela Naidu. Out of these Leela Pawar, Leela Sawant and Leela Gupte were acting in stunt films of mainly Master Bhagwan. But Wadia’s Leela was not known. Anyway, she did only a few films, got married and left films.

Cast of the film was John Cawas, Leela, Dalpat, Azim, Shri Bhagwan, Shyamsunder, Waman Talpade and a few others. The film was also directed by John Cawas. A physical culturist, John Cawas was born in 1910 in Jubbulpore, Madhya Pradesh state. Athletic, handsome,  and with an impressive physique (he won the 1930 All-India Bodybuilding Championship), John was a natural choice for the action flicks that had become so popular in the 1930s.

Hailing from a Parsi family he appeared as an extra in Wadia Movietone’s ‘Noor-e-Yaman’ (1935) which led to supporting roles in that company’s films ‘Desh Deepak’ (1935), ‘Hunterwali’ (1935) and ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), all featuring stunt queen Fearless Nadia, who he would continue to work with in countless other films.

He quickly graduated to lead roles in pictures like ‘Toofani Tarzan’ (1937), ‘Diamond Queen’ (1940), ‘Stunt King’ (1944), ‘Black and White’ (1944), ‘Atom Bomb’ (1947), ‘Maya Mahal’ (1949), ‘Jungle Ka Jaadu’ (1955), ‘Magic in Baghdad’ (1956), ‘Diler Daku’ (1957), and ‘Circus Queen’ (1959). He acted in 40 films, out of which he worked in 26 films with Fearless Nadia. He also directed 3 films – ‘Mala The Mighty’ (1948), ‘Baghdad Ka Jaadu’ (1956) and ‘Zimbo Ka Beta’ (1966).

Not content with just acting, he also kept busy as an assistant director, director, and writer on numerous films, the bulk of which were produced by JBH and Homi Wadia. Wadias gave him a flat in their office building to live – free for life. John Cawas never married, and after retiring from films, he continued on as caretaker of the Wadia film offices until his death on October 4, 1993.

Another cast member was Azeem – who later on became well known as a Fight Composer in Hindi films. Azim Bhai (real name: Saiyad Azim Jafri) was one of the leading action directors in Hindi films. After a stint in the army he headed off to Bombay in 1934 and found work as stunt man at Eastern Art Film Company where he was put under contract and he worked on most of the company’s films like ‘Sher Ka Panja’ (1934) ‘Bal Hatya’ (1935), ‘Dharam Ki Devi’ (1935), and ‘Prem Raatri’ (1936).

When Eastern Art Film went out of business, Azim moved over to Saroj Company then found work at Paramount Film Company, Imperial Film, and Wadia Movietone where he worked both as a stunt man and as an actor. Afterwards, he joined Master Bhagwan’s team and acted in many action/stunt films.

By the end of the 1940s, he became a Fight Master independently. Azim became well known for his swordsmanship and he often worked alongside fellow stunt coordinator Master Douglas and two were tasked with training Dilip Kumar and Prem Nath in that sport for the film ‘Aan’ (1953). Azim has also trained many action directors and stunt persons including Ghani, Ravi Khan, Dawood (aka Hercules), Veeru Ustad, and Mansoor.

Azim Bhai coordinated the stunts on a number of fantasy films including ‘King Kong’ (1963), ‘Jadugar Daku’ (1962), ‘Parasmani’ (1963), ‘Sunehri Nagin’ (1964), ‘Hercules’ (1964), and ‘Aaya Toofan’ (1964), the spy films ‘Spy In Rome’ (1968) and ‘Kismat’ (1969), as well as the horror flicks ‘Bees Saal Pehle’ (1972) and ‘Ab Kya Hoga’ (1977).

He died on 23-10-1984.

There was another Fight Composer with a similar name – S Azimbhai (Sheikh Azim), who was much junior and he operated from 1954 to 1999. He is not to be confused with the senior one.

The third interesting name in the cast is of Dalpat – a sure name in action films. Dalpat (Joshi) was a stunt artiste. A tall, sophisticated and suave person mostly appeared in negative roles . Dalpat  was a part of Wadia’s unit since its inception and played the role of villain in the stunt movies ,which used to have Fearless Nadia and John Cawas or occasionally some other hero, apt in performing stunts.

Owing to the unprecedented popularity of Miss Nadia, other filmmakers also cast her along with John Cawas and Dalpat in their similar type of stunt movies for which she was known. After her era was over, Basant Pictures concentrated their energy in making mythological and Arabian Night movies, in which Dalpat always had a role. Later in the 50s, the studio system came to an end and actors and technicians who learned their art from their benevolent master Homi Wadia, looked for assignments from other producers.

One may call it destiny or lack of initiative on the part of Dalpat. He was offered only costume/stunt/religious movies by outside producers.  Dalpat, who did a stint as production controller for a few movies, was reverentially called Dalpat Kaka owing to his age, seniority and status by film folks. Age did not affect his appearance and he looked as suave as he was many decades earlier. He started his career by acting first in ‘Hoor e Baghdad’ (1934). He worked in 120 films. His last film was ‘Toofaani Takkar’ (1978).

I had seen the film ‘Mala The Mighty’, in its second or maybe the third run in the early 50s. The film was a rehash of the frequently used, but tested formula of Tarzan – slightly modified. Such stories never stopped entertaining people. In any case who wanted the story? They all wanted the stunts, animals, fights and dances.

The story of the film is,

Mohanlal (Azim) is a rich businessman. Once while on a trip in a ship, on a bad stormy night, the ship is wrecked. He survives but his wife dies, and his 2 daughters are missing. After 15 years he decides to search for his daughters in the jungles of Kaliyana, bordering the sea, hoping that they might have been washed ashore.

With him is Chimanlal (Shri Bhagwan) who was to marry one of the daughters, and a friend Professor Tatto (Shyamsunder). On the border of the jungle they employ Ali Bux (Kareem), a guide and his friend Trivedi, who is actually a gold digger looking for the golden treasure of tribal queen Sheen. On their way they are attacked by tribals but there comes Mala The Mighty (John Cawas) who saves them with his army of elephants. Mala is the legendary king of the jungle who fights lions, tgers and kills crocodiles etc. He takes the party to his tree top house and they find Leela (Leela) a 17 year old beauty living as his companion.

Trivedi is captured by the tribals. He strikes a deal with Sheen, the queen (Leela – in double role), to capture Mala, whom Sheen loves, in exchange for the gold treasure. Mala gets captured and is brought to the tribal chief Rajan (Waman Talpade) who wants to kill him. Meanwhile Leela comes there with the party to rescue Mala. Mohan Lal recognises both girls as his long lost daughters. Rajan tries to kill Mala, but Sheen saves him and gets killed. The animal friends of Mala arrive and the tribals run away. Leela hugs her father but refuses to go with him, choosing to remain with Mala The Mighty.

Today’s song is sung by the film’s young and upcoming composer Chitragupta Shrivastav, M.A. Lyricist was Shyam Hindi.
The End !


Song – Teri Manzil Door Musafir (Mala The Mighty) (1948) Singer – Chitragupt, Lyricist – Shyam Hindi, MD – Chitragupt
Chorus

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa

aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa

aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa
aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa

oo oo oo
teri manzil door musafir
teri manzil door musafir
chalte jaana
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana

teri manzil door musafir
chalte jaana
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana

subah hai chalna shaam hai chalna
subah hai chalna shaam hai chalna
zindagi ka naam hai chalna
zindagi ka naam hai chalna
duniya ki har cheez hai chalti
har ek shay ka kaam hai chalna
aa jaati hai manzil chaahe
aa jaati hai manzil chaahe
kitni bhi ho door
kitni bhi ho door musafir
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana

lobhi jeevan aisa panchhi
lobhi jeevan aisa panchhi
paap ki bole bhasha
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
paap ki bole bhasha
is ke dono pankh anokhe
asha aur niraasha
asha aur niraasha
lobh ka ant hai jaan gawaana
lobh ka ant hai jaan gawaana
lobh se bhago door
lobh se bhago door musafir
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana

teri manzil door musafir
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
(aaaa aaaa aaa aaaa)
chalte jaana
chalte jaana

————————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
————————————————————

आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ

आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ

आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ

ओ ओ ओ
तेरी मंज़िल दूर मुसाफिर
तेरी मंज़िल दूर मुसाफिर
चलते जाना
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना

तेरी मंज़िल दूर मुसाफिर
चलते जाना
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना

सुबह है चलना शाम है चलना
सुबह है चलना शाम है चलना
ज़िंदगी का नाम है चलना
ज़िंदगी का नाम है चलना
दुनिया की हर चीज़ है चलती
हर इक शै का काम है चलना
आ जाती है मंज़िल चाहे
आ जाती है मंज़िल चाहे
कितनी भी हो दूर
कितनी भी हो दूर मुसाफिर
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना

लोभी जीवन ऐसा पंछी
लोभी जीवन ऐसा पंछी
पाप की बोले भाषा
(आ आ आ आ)
(आ आ आ आ)
पाप की बोले भाषा
इसके दोनों पंख अनोखे
आशा और निराशा
आशा और निराशा
लोभ का अन्त है जान गवाना
लोभ का अन्त है जान गवाना
लोभ से भागो दूर
लोभ से भागो दूर मुसाफिर
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना

तेरी मंज़िल दूर मुसाफिर
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना
चलते जाना
(आ आ आ आ)
चलते जाना


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5067 Post No. : 16982

Today’s song is from the film Refugee-1948. This film was made by Harishchandra Pictures and it was directed by Tara Harish. Lyricist was Pt. Phani and the music director was Ajit Merchant. The cast consisted of Urmila, Harishchandra rao kadam,Hamid (actor Ajit), Majnu (Harold Lewis), Dalpat Joshi, Sulochana Kadam and others.

This was a film depicting the life story of a Hindu refugee from Lahore, who comes to Bombay and his love story. Though Harischandra rao Kadam was basically an action/stunt film actor and director, this was his first and last attempt of making a social film. The film was not successful and Kadam went back to his comfort zone of stunt/action films. This Kadam was the one who gave the first opportunity of directing a film to Master Bhagwan and also to C Ramchandra as a Music Director of a Hindi film for the first time. That film was Sukhi Jeevan-1942.

1948 was an year in which, after the turmoil caused by the Partition, the film industry was trying to come back on track. While the year 1947 saw the highest number of films made-181 films, the Indian film industry did not suffer so much, even after the exodus of film artistes,,because the sheer number of majority in the films was Hindus.Additionally, the vacancies were immediately filled by the II line of artistes in every department, waiting for their turns. Thus 1948 made a respectable number of films- 149, indicating the inherent strength of the film industry.

Partition did some damage to India, but as there was a second line waiting to take over, the impact was negligible. However, Pakistan had to build a new film industry with the help of the migrant artistes in almost all departments of filmmaking. Once this generation ended their career, unfortunately there was not much of a second line to take over in Pakistan.

Here is an excerpt from a book “The Travels of Bollywood Cinema ” by Anjali Geeta Roy, in this connection…….

” The rioting of 1947 set in motion irreversible, irrevocable migration. B R. Chopra and I S Johar were planning films in a big way for Lahore but had to run for their lives. Ramanand Sagar left in July, as did Gulshan Rai. Character actor Om Prakash (of Fateh Din fame, an all-time favourite skit relayed for years by Radio Lahore), comedian-bad man Jeevan and many others also left Lahore for Bombay. O P Nayyar recorded his immortal song Preetam Aan Milo/ Dukhia Jiya Bullai, Aan Milo at the His Master’s Voice studio in Lahore. He left Lahore only in 1948 when it became clear that people with the wrong religion were not going to return to their homes on either side of the Punjab. Writer Rajinder Singh Bedi escaped, sitting on top of a railway carriage carrying loads of Hindus and Sikhs out of Lahore. Song-writer Naqsh Lyallpuri began his literary career in Lahore as a journalist but had to leave in 1947. Punjabi singers Surinder Kaur and Prakash Kaur, and Pushpa Hans also left Lahore.

Migration in the other direction also took place. Nazir and his wife Swarnlata, Noorjahan and her husband Shaukat Husain Rizvi, character actor Alauddin and many others headed for Lahore. Manto came in January 1948, music directors Ghulam Haider and Khurshid Anwar followed some years later and director M. Sadiq probably in 1969 or 1970. Meena Shori, Khurshid and Mumtaz Shanti also immigrated to Lahore. Some Pakistani actors in Lahore continued to use Hindu filmic names. Santosh Kumar (Musa Raza) and Sudhir (Shah Zaman), the two most famous heroes of the 1950s and 60s represented such practice. On both sides, initially considerable goodwill existed between the two film communities.

Some families were divided. Thus for example, while Nazir shifted to Lahore, his nephew K. Asif stayed on in Bombay. Kardar stayed on but his brother Nusrat Kardar and son Rauf Kardar returned to Lahore. While Suraiya, her mother and grandmother settled in Bombay, many of her other relatives shifted to Lahore. Rafi stayed on to reign supreme in Bombay while his parents and siblings were in Lahore.

There were some cross-religion marriages that created peculiar challenges. Raj Kapoor’s maama (maternal uncle) Mr Mehra married a Muslim, converted to Islam and stayed in Lahore. A unique case of reverse migration took place as well: poet Sahir Ludhianvi (Abdul Hai) left Lahore for India.”

Following Partition in 1947, A. R. Kardar and his co-brother Mehboob Khan both left for Pakistan. However, according to Bunny Reuben, as quoted by Mihir Bose, they returned to India, but no reason was given for their return. Journalist and author of several books, Ambarish Mishra writes, ” when I asked Kardar about his Pakistan visit, he told me that after the Partition, Mehboob immediately went to Pakistan. He was disturbed with the news of Hindu-Muslim conflicts in Bombay Film Industry. It was said that Hindus will not allow Muslims in the film industry – which was totally wrong and only a rumour. He wanted to get an idea about his future in this new country. He was keen on settling there. After a month or so, I went there. Being from Lahore, I understood that the film conditions were not conducive for our growth there, as nothing was in order. Everything was in a mess there. I convinced Mehboob somehow and we both came back for good. I told him, as long as Nehru was there, they had no problems in India.” By coincidence, Nehru died and the next day Mehboob also died !

Film Refugee-48 is also an example of how the film industry reacted to the partition Blues. For the Music Director Ajit Merchant, this was his first film as an independent MD. Earlier he was working as an assistant to Ashok Ghosh and Anil Biswas. For actor Ajit (credited as Hamid), this was just his second film in a side role. Later he became the hero in the film Janampatri-1949. Singer Sulochana kadam (later Sulochana Chavan) acted for the first time. She acted in one more film and then settled as only a singer.

After Partition, 10 to 20 million people became refugees on both sides, with at least 10 million people losing their lives. This was easily the largest Refugee crisis in the world. India was the only country which has faced Refugee problem several times in recent history. In 1937, Burma was separated. First ruled by Japan and then the Thais. Finally the British ruled it and Burma was free on 4-1-1948. Every time lakhs of refugees came to India. At Least 2 names can be quoted- Helen and V.K.Naidu, MD, who were Burma refugees. Ceylon’s independence in 1948 gave us refugees. Bangladesh refugees still give us trouble though Bangladesh was formed in 1971. Pondicherry in 1954 and Goa was liberated in 1961, without much refugee crowds, which were manageable.

The film’s Heroine Urmila is a name having Same Name Confusion. Urmila Sr.and Urmila Bhatt are two Urmilas. This film’s Urmila …You will find the name Urmila- in some films she is named as Urmila Devi, and Urmila Gupta also. She was not a very good looking actress, but she compensated for it with her good acting. Urmila Gupta was born on 31-3- 1921 at Panja Sahib, Rawalpindi district of United Punjab. Her father, who was a Civil Contractor, died when she was only 5 year old. She did not get much education but could read and write as well as talk fluently, Urdu, Hindi and English.

She started her career with a small uncredited role in the film Mirza Sahiban-33. She was the younger sister of Mirza in this film. After some more small roles, she got her major role in the film Aansuon ki Duniya-36. After this, she did not look back and did Punjab Lancers-37, Talwar ka Dhani-38, Kahan hai manzil Teri-39, Hurricane special-39, Flying Ranee-39, Desh Bhakt-40, Sasural-41, Sajjan-41, Mere Sajan-41, Naari-42, Das Baje-42, Call of youth-42, Badal -42, Apna Paraya-42, Tamasha-42, Kirti-42, Salma-43, Bansari-43, Refugee-48 etc etc. Urmila got married to Vinod Talwar, a businessman and stopped working in films, for some time, maybe for raising a family. She resumed working in films and acted in another 20 odd films till 1952. She had sung 12 songs. In all, she worked in about 55 films.

Now something about the Producer, actor of this film, Hero of many stunt films, was Harishchandra Rao (Kadam). He was born in Bhuj, Gujarat on 11-8-1910. He did early schooling in Bhuj, but his family shifted to Karachi, due to financial debacle. He did Cycle repairing work and completed his matriculation by the age of 18 years. He joined a Touring film company. Once, while in Bombay he was watching the film shooting in the Paramount company. Suddenly, the director offered him a role in the film. Thus he entered the films. From 1932 he did few silent films.

He joined Shankar Bhatt’s Prakash Pictures and worked in their first Talkie, ” Bambai ki Mohini “- 1934. He was with Prakash, upto 1939, doing stunt films inside and outside also. He did some films for Wadia too, in between. Finally he started his own company, ” Harishchandra Productions “. He continued to work as an actor, director and producer. He sang a few songs also.

Some of his films were Daulat, Naujawan, Rangila mazdoor, Rangila jeevan, Sukhi jeevan, Lehri jawan, Inaam, Sone ki chidiya, Refugee, Durban, Laat sahib, Tamasha etc etc He worked in about 42 films.

His brother Chandrarao Kadam was also a stunt actor. He was known as Stunt King. He had his Chandrarao Films. He acted, directed and produced films. The brothers were friendly with Master Bhagwan and gave him preference in their films, till Bhagwan started his own company- Jagriti films. Later on Chandrarao floated his own Chandivali Studio in Bombay suburb, which is still actively run by his progeny.

Today’s song is a qawali, sung by Ram kamlani and chorus. Though the uploader of this song claims that Mukesh is also one of the singers, I did not find this song in the Mukesh Geet Kosh. The singer obviously must be one from the chorus itself.


Song- Hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai 9Refujee Singers- Ram Kamlani, Lyricist- Pt. Phani, MD- Ajit Merchant
Chorus

Lyrics

hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa
miley raah mein to bulaana manaa hai
miley raah mein to bulaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai

arre haaye ulfat jataayen to kaise
arre haaye ulfat jataayen to kaise
usey daagh dil ke dikhaayen to kaise
zabaan par muhabbat ka laana manaa hai
zabaan par muhabbat ka laana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
miley raah mein to bulaana manaa hai

arre bulaaana manaa hai jee
bulaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai

muhobbat ka naatak
kabhi hum jo khelen aen aen
mohobbat ka naatak
kabhi hum jo khelen
ke ghar saamne
uske ghar ke jo le len
museebat hai phir bhi
ke gaana manaa hai
museebat hai phir bhi
ke gaana manaa hai

agar geet gaa kar rijhaaya bhi usko o o o
agar geet gaakar rijhaaya bhi usko o o
bahut gidgidaakar
manaaya bhi usko
to wo baat dil ki
jataana manaa hai
to wo baat dil ki
jataana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
miley raah mein to bulaana manaa hai

haay haay bulaana mana hai jee
bulaaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai
hamen ghar sanam ke to jaana manaa hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 5033 Post No. : 16942 Movie Count : 4598

Today’s song is from an obscure, not very well known film Sabyasachi-1948. The name of the film is rather strange and not many people will know what it means. In simple translation it means a person who is Ambidextrous or one who can use both hands with equal expertise. This was an adjective used famously in Mahabharat for Arjun. He was an extraordinary archer and he could do this with both his hands separately and simultaneously, with the same expertise.

This was a film made by Associated Pictures, Calcutta. No wonder then that the entire crew and cast was from Bengal only.Even the Heroine, Meera Mishra-though not a Bangla actress, was an expert in Bangla language, who had acted in few Bangla movies too. During the early cinema period, Calcutta was also a major centre for Hindi films and from 1932 to almost 1955, Hindi films were made there regularly, by several film makers including of course the New Theatres. However, after 1955, there were almost no actors/actresses who could speak fluent Hindi. More than that, the Bangla film industry itself had grown so much that there was no need to make Hindi films anymore.

From as early as 1935-36, Hindi films were made based on Novels of Bangla language. The contribution of Bangla language to provide fodder for films is unmatched.(The only other Indian language to do this is Malayalam). This was mainly because the people in Bengal are avid readers of books. During my Marketing career, I visited various parts of Bengal in 20 years. I used to be amazed at the “Book Fairs’ held at Calcutta. I visited these fairs a few times and was overwhelmed to see lakhs of people purchasing books there. I think the Book Fairs must be doing a turnover of crores of rupees !

I tried to make a list of Hindi films based on Bangla novels and I easily crossed the 50’s mark, when I stopped. 90 % of these films were Hits. Some of the popular Hindi films on Bengali novels are Devdas-35, Milan-46, Anandmath-52, Do bigha zameen-53, Sujata-55, Kabuliwala-61, Ghunghat-60, Bandini-63, Namkeen-67, Bhuvan Shome-69, Satyakam-69, Sahib, bibi aur ghulam-62, Khamoshi-70, Uphaar-71, Saudagar-73, Amar Prem-72, Chupke Chupke-75 (my favourite), Kora Kagaz-74, Balika Badhu-76, Kitaab-77, Apne paraye-80, lekin-90, Rudaali-93 and many more. You will notice that films on Bangla novels were not just family dramas or tragedies, but it was a mix of comedy, pathos, drama, entertainment and almost every Genre except Historical and Mythological films, perhaps.

Film Sabyasachi-1948 was also based on Bangla novel “Pather Dabi”, by Sharat Chandra Chatterjee. The novel was initially serialised in the Bangla magazine “Bangbani” and then published in 1926. However after initial 5ooo copies were sold out in a week’s time, the British Government banned the novel on 4-1-1927. The novel Pather Dabi (The right of Path/ Demands of the road) was about a secret society whose goal is to free India from British rule.

The leader of this secret group is Sabyasachi Malick. He is highly educated, having studied Medicine, Engineering and Law from the Universities of UK and USA. He is tall and so strong that he created records of swimming the flooded rivers in torrential rains and crossing the entire Himalaya on foot in record time. He punishes the rich and helps the poor. In short he is The Superman ! He knows several languages and is an expert in Makeup too. Apurba (Paresh Bannerjee) is a weak member of this team and he becomes a Police informer. Sumitra (Meera Mishra) and Bharathi(Sandhya Rani) are the 2 women in this group who have faced several problems in their personal lives.

The Indian Express, in its review of the film says, ” the film story touches upon issues of Untouchability, Orthodoxy and Faiths. It deals with bRich-Poor divide and status of women in the then Bangla society. It criticises British Policies and India’s inherent customs of Religion and social structure.” Sabyasachi was Bengal’s first Superman of Bangla Fiction, according to the Indian Express.

The film was made in Bangla and Hindi versions. The Bangla version was directed by Bibhuti Laha. The Hindi version was directed by ” Agradoot’, who also directed the film Babla-53 later in Hindi. The film was released on 6-11-48. The cast of the Hindi version was Meera Mishra, Tulsi, Anup, Paresh Banerjee, Sandhyarani,Savitri Devi,Uma, Sunder, Bipin Gupta and many others. Songs were written by Zahir Hussain and music was composed by Robin Chatterjee.

Robin Chatterjee. He was born on 8-1-1914, at Calcutta. His name is not too well known to Hindi film lovers, though he was very famous in Bengal (as Robin Chatopadhyaya), where he composed several NFS and film songs. For many years he assisted Anupam Ghatak,MD. He even sang in the chorus for New Theatre’s film Adhikar-1938. However he was not so successful in Hindi films.

His first Hindi film was Rajlakshmi-1945, wherein he gave the first opportunity to Talat Mahmood to sing a Hindi film song. Till then he was singing Bangla NFS and film songs with the name Tapan kumar. His next film was Tum aur main-1946 which had very good songs by kanan Devi. Then came Voh Dono-1947 and here Sandhya Mukherjee gave good songs. Robin Chatterjee gave music to 14 Hindi films, namely – Rajlakshmi-45, Tum aur main-46, Voh Dono-47, Sabyasachi-48,Ratnadeep-51, Pehli Shadi-53, Firdaus-53, Shobha-54, Majboori-54, Africa-54, Dhake ki malmal-56, Miss Toofan mail-58, Police Station-59 and Chimney ka Dhuvan-1973…this was a much delayed film. He also gave music to a Bhojpuri film- Saiya se kar le milanwa-1966.

Robin Chatterjee died on 2-4-1976 at Bombay at the age of just 61 years.

The story of film’s heroine Meera Mishra is strange. She entered Hindi films with Bombay Talkies film Milan-46. Meera Mishra’s joining the films generated a lot of interest and excitement because she was the wife of an I.P.S. Officer. Meera reportedly answered an advertisement of The Bombay Talkies in newspapers and was called for an interview and was selected readily. Two films, bilingual , Naukadubi (Bengali) and Milan (Hindi) were produced by Bombay Talkies and Meera was chosen to play Kamala in both versions.

The Bengali film Naukadubi had Abhi Bhattacharya playing Ramesh, Meera Sarkar as Hemnalini and Pahari Sanyal as Akshay Babu. The Hindi version Milan had Dilip Kumar as Ramesh and Meera therefore had Dilip Kumar as her first leading man. The Hindi version had Ranjana playing Hemnalini while it was Pahari Sanyal again as Akshay Babu in Milan. The film was directed by Nitin Bose and Anil Biswas was the music director. Parul Ghosh lent her voice in both the versions and here in Noukadubi she had some five Tagore songs, her only Bengali songs.

Both Naukadubi and Milan did well and the initial plan of Meera was to retire after this one film. However, her I.P.S. husband Kripa Sindhu Mishra was killed in action during Delhi riots and Meera decided to carry on with her film career. She had a son Jishnu from the Late K P Mishra. Her other films included Abhijatya (1949), Eki Gramer Chhele (1950), Abarta (1950), Sandhya Belar Rupkatha (1950), Sabyasachi (Hindi-1948)-based on Sarat Chandra Chatterjee’s Pather dabi. She played the role of Sumitra, Bishnupriya (1949). Her other Hindi films included Ghar ki Numaish-49,Chhore-50,Kashmir Hamara hai-50, Azadi ke baad-51, Chamakee-52, Chhoti Maa-52.

She quit films early and settled into married life again. Her husband was Mr Ranjit Gupta, Chief secretary to the Government of West Bengal.

Meera Mishra was born in Kanpur and died in Calcutta somewhere in 2007.

Today’s song is sung by Sandhya Mukherjee. She began her career in Mumbai singing Hindi songs, starting with a song in the film Sabyasachi-1948. Her first playback song was in the film Tarana in 1951. She sang, as a playback singer, 36 songs in 19 Hindi films. Though she sang several songs in 7 films in Hindi, her name became famous only after she sang a duet ” gupchup gupchup pyar karen” with Hemant Kumar in the film Sazaa-1951. Her last Hindi film song was in the film Chimni ka dhuan-73. She decided to come back to and settle in her home city Kolkata in 1952 due to personal reasons.


Song- Aayi mere jeevan ki saanjh suhaani (Sabyasaachi)(1948) Singer- Sandhya Mukherjee, Lyricist- Zaheer Hussain, MD- Robin Chatterjee

Lyrics

Aai mere
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aai mere
aasha ki bagiya mein phool khile hain aen
aasha ki bagiya mein phool khile hain aen
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aai mere

ye deepak sunahri jalaata hai kaun
ye duniya meri jagmagaata hai kaun
ye deepak sunahri jalaata hai kaun
ye duniya meri jagmagaata hai kaun
umangon par aai hai roop jawaani ee
umangon par aai hai roop jawaani ee
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere

lutaaati hai masti chaman mein bahaar
hai donon ke joban per aaya nikhaar
lutaaati hai masti chaman mein bahaar
hai phoolon ke joban per aaya nikhaar
bulbul na kyun ho khushi mein deewaani ee ee
bulbul na kyun ho khushi mein deewaani ee ee
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
Aai mere

pee pee ki boli madhur bol papeehe
phir phir ke masti mein dol papeehe
ho dol papeehe
pee pee ki boli madhur bol papeehe
phir phir ke masti mein dol papeehe
sunaaye jaa tu apni prem kahaani
sunaaye jaa tu apni prem kahaani
aai mere jeewan ki saanjh suhaani
aayi mere


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4866 Post No. : 16657

“Chunariya”(1948) was directed by Ravindra Dave for Kuldeep Pictures, Bombay. Mulkraj Bhakri had written the story, dialogues, screen-play and lyrics. For all practical purposes, Mulkraj Bhakri was the producer of the movie as well, though Kuldeep Sehgal was credited as producer and Lekhraj Bhakri as production controller. Almost all persons involved in the making of this movie were displaced from Lahore during partition and this movie was their attempt to establish themselves in Bombay fil industry.

This movie had Wasti, Manorama, Pran, Randhira, Cuckoo, Narbada Shanker, Sofia, Chaand Burke,Ramesh, Sarita, Baij Sharma, Shrimati Motipal,Krishn Duggal, Menhdi Raza Raja etc in it.

The movie turned out to be a hit and that went a long way in establishing the persons in Bombay film industry.

The movie had ten songs in it. Nine songs have been covered so far. Here are the details of these songs:-

Song Date of posting Singer(s)
Sab kuchh lutaayaa hamne aakar teri gali mein 2 April 2011 Rafi
Aankh meri lad gayi re lad gayi 21 December 2011 Lata Mangeshkar, Indra Goyal
O motor waale babu 23 December 2011 Geeta Dutt
Dil e naashaad ko jeene ki hasrat ho gayee tumse 1 September 2012 Lata Mangeshkar
Tera kaanton se pyaar 4 February 2013 Geeta Dutt, Rafi
O koi nain mila ke chala gaya 3 April 2017 Geeta Dutt
Hansi le ke aaye thhe ro kar chale 3 August 2017 S D Batish
Tere milne ko jee dhadke 2 May 2018 Geeta Dutt
Daaman se bandh gayi choli re 11 September 2021 Geeta Dutt

One can notice that as many as five singers were used in the nine songs that have been covered so far. The singers were strugglers at that time. This movie saw Lata Mangeshkar singing a ghazal for the first time in Hindi movies. The Rafi Geeta Dutt duet in this movie is the oldest Rafi Geeta Dutt duet in Hindi movies that is available. Lata Mangeshkar had sung only one duet with a male singer till 1947. This year, she sang eight such duets. Her duet with Indra Goyal was her only duet with that singer.

The tenth and final song from the movie is a rare song. It would appear that very few people have actually listened to this song. HFGK mentions this song as “saawan aaya-3 re jaage more bhaag sakhi re”. The words “Saawan aaya” appear in the movie only towards the end of the song. “Jaage mora bhaag sakhi re” is not at all there. Instead, we find the opposite words, viz “Soye mora bhaag saki ree” in the song. 🙂

Listening to the song, one would classify it as a Geeta Dutt solo with chorus towards the end. But, HFGK mentions this song as sung by Geeta Dutt, Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle. HFGK also mention this song as the first Hindi film song sung by Asha Bhonsle.

If Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle have sung in this song, then that would be in the last stanza that is sung by chorus though personally I could not detect the individual voices of Zohrabai Ambalewaali and Asha Bhonsle. People with better hearing abilities may be able to detect their voices.

Nevertheless, this rare song does have the distinction of being the first Hindi movie song with Asha Bhonsle’s voice in it.

With this rare and special song, all the songs of “Chunariya”(1948)have now been covered and this movie joins the list of movies that have been YIPPEED in the blog.


Song-Soye more bhaag sakhi ree Saawaan aaya re (Chunariya)(1948) Singers-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Mulkraj Bhakri, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Zohrabai Ambalewaali + Asha Bhonsle
Geeta Dutt + Zohrabai Ambalewaali + Asha Bhonsle

Lyrics

o o o
o o o o

bhanwar padi hai mori naiyya
bhanwar padi hai mori naiyya
roothh gaya
roothh gaya
roothh gaya hai hamse khewaiyya
roothh gaya hai hamse khewaiyya
na mora baabul
na mora bhaiyya
na mora bhaiyya

saawan sakhi ree main kaise gaaun
kisko dil ka haal sunaaoon
haal sunaaoon oon oon
saawan sakhi ree main kaise gaaun
kisko dil ka haal sunaaun
haal sunaaoon oon oon

naa gaa ree sakhi
naa gaa ree sakhi
ye saawan ka raag

em>more man mein laage aag sakhi
more man mein laage aag
more man mein laage aag sakhi
more man mein laage aag

soye more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re
soye more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re

saawan aaya saawan aaya
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya saawan aaya
saawan aaya re

jaage more bhaag sakhi ree
saawan aaya re
saawan aaya re


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4808 Post No. : 16576

Few days back, I came across an obscure song rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar from the film ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). The surname ‘Tanjorkar’ sounded odd to me. It was apparent that Janardan was from Tanjore (now Thanjavur). But why did he use a Maharashtrian sounding surname? Was he a Maharashtrian whose family migrated to Thanjavur during the reign of Marathas in the 17th and 18th centuries? A search on the internet revealed a very interesting family background of Janardan Tanjorkar.

Janardan Tanjorkar (1913-1980) was born in Baroda (now Vadodara) to Devdasi Kantimathi Amma and Appaswamy Pillai. Kantimathi was a Bharatnatyam dancer attached to Brihdhiswara temple in Thanjavur and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai was the Nattuvanar, a kind of a Guru and a Choreographer who accompanied the devdasi dancers as a dance master, the music conductor and the vocal percussionist. Janardan got his initial training from Kumbakonam Narayanswamy Iyer and Palghat Mani Iyer and learnt Mirdangam and Carnatic vocal.

Sometime in 1880-81, a troupe of two devdasi Bharatnatyam dancers, along with two Nattuvanars and musicians were sent to Baroda as a part of dowry during the marriage of Princess Chimanabai (born Laxmibai) of Thanjavur with Prince Sayajirao (III) Gaekwad of Baroda. Kantimathi Amma as a Bharatnatyam dancer and her husband, Appaswamy Pillai as Nattuvanar joined the troupe after a couple of years as replacement for an earlier dancer and Nattuvanar respectively. Kantimanthi and her cousin, Gowri performed the Bharatnatyam dance in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda on Wednesdays and Saturdays. That was the beginning of introducing Bharatnatyam outside the Madras Presidency to the western and later to the northern India. In Baroda, Appaswamy Pillai adopted the family name of ‘Tanjorkar’ in keeping with the Maharashtrian tradition.

In Baroda, Janardan Tanjorkar learnt violin and became a violin player in the court of the Maharaja of Baroda. Here, he came into contact with Ustad Faiyyaz Khan, a Hindustani classical vocalist with Baroda court who trained him as a Hindustani classical vocalist. Janardan also learnt playing other musical instruments like Saraswati Veena while in Baroda. Over a period of time, he learnt both Carnatic and Hindustani classical music and became experts in playing multiple musical instruments.

Janardan Tanjorkar moved to Mumbai sometime during the second half of 1940s and became a graded artist of All India Radio as a violinist and vocalist. He also taught violin to music students and accompanied the Bharatnatyam dancers as a violinist.

Janardan’s younger brother, Kubernath Tanjorkar was an exponent of Bharatnatyam and became Nattuvanar in the court of Maharaja of Baroda. Later, he was appointed as the Professor of Dance at the Faculty of Fine Arts of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University, Vadodara. After retirement, he established Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre in Vadodara, Presently, his third generation is involved with the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music at this centre.

Janardan Tanjorkar had three sons and five daughters. All the three sons – Venugopal, Shekhar and Dayanand are based in Mumbai and are connected with Bharatnatyam dance and music. His grand-daughter, Dr. Madhu Tanjorkar (daughter of Shekhar), is a solo violinist and vocalist, both in Carnatic and Hindustani classical music. She has taken Bharatnatyam and the classical music to Manchester and the northern part of the UK where she runs music schools besides participating in concerts in India and abroad.

This is an unique case where a dowry in the form of Bharatnatyam dance troupe resulted in the propagation of Bharatnatyam and Carnatic music, probably for the first time outside the then Madras Presidency in Vadodara. The troupe created the Thanjavur legacy of Bharatnatyam dance in the pure traditional form in the midst of a different cultural setting.

Janardan Tanjorkar had shifted his base in Mumbai during the second half of 1940s. However, it seems, he had no interest in singing in films. The only film song he sang during his life time was in ‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948). Probably, Ninu Mazumdar, the music director of the film knew Janardan as both were associated with All India Radio, Mumbai.

‘Kuchh Naya’ (1948) was produced by Kantilal Acharya under the banner of Shanti Pictures and was directed by Ninu Mazumdar who also wrote the story and was also the music director for the film. The star cast comprised of mostly newcomers with Sudha Rao and Ramesh Arora in the lead roles. They were supported by Ramesh Sinha, Purnima Chowdhary and Dube. It was a maiden film for Kantilal Acharya as a producer, Ninu Mazumdar as a director, Ramesh Arora and Purnima Chowdhary as actors.

I have no idea about the story of the film. As per the report on Filmindia magazine, the film was privately screened in August 1948 for Morarji Desai, the then Home Minister of Bombay State and other dignitaries. The home minister had congratulated the producer for the novelty of the theme. In the absence of the film, it is difficult to know as to what was the novelty in the story of the film. The title of the film would, however, suggest that the theme of the story may be something to do with the fresh thinking for the people of the post-independent India as to how to move forward to rebuild India.

The film had 10 songs of which one song has been covered on the Blog. Except for two songs – one each accredited to Meerabai and Amir Khusrau, the lyricist/s for the rest of the songs are not known. I am presenting the second song, ‘aisa desh hamaara santon’ rendered by Janardan Tanjorkar to appear on the Blog. The song is set to music by Ninu Mazumdar. From the lyrics of the song, iI guess it to be a background song.

Acknowledgement: The information on Janardhan Tanjorkar and family for the article is sourced from:

1. madhutanjorkar.wixsite.com

2. sangeethas.wordpress,com

3. Tanjore Dance Music and Art Research Centre

Audio Clip:

Song-Aisa des hamaara santon (Kuchh Naya)(1948) Singer-Janardan Tanjorkar, Lyrics-Unknown, MD-Ninu Majumdar

Lyrics

aisa des hamaara..aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
aisa des hamaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
ved kitaab jahaan nahin pahunche
kahat sunat se(??) nyaara
santon
aisa des hamaara jee..ee
aisa des hamaara

jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
jaat varan kachhu
priya aa naahin
?? sandhya ?? man ??
bin baadal kya bijli chamke
bin ravi ?? ujiyaara
aisaa..aa des hamaara…aa
san n n ……ton
aisa des hamaara


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4803 Post No. : 16570

‘Chunariya’ (1948) was produced under the banner of Kuldeep Pictures of Lahore-based Kuldeep Sehgal which was his first film in Mumbai after partition. The film was directed by Ravindra Dave. The story, dialogues, screen-play and lyrics were written by Mulk Raj Bhakri. The production controller was his brother, Lekh Raj Bhakri. The star cast included Manorama and Wasti in the lead role with Randhir, Pran, Sophia, Cuckoo, Narbada Shankar, Mehdi Raza, Chand Burque, Baij Sharma etc in subsidiary roles.

It is interesting to note as to how the box office success of ‘Chunariya’ (1948) helped the career revival of some of the displaced persons from the Lahore film industry. Most of them had shifted to Mumbai after partition in 1947 almost penniless. Although the film was produced by Kuldeep Sehgal, according to character actor Janaki Das, it was Mulk Raj Bhakri along with his brother, Lekh Raj Bhakri who organized the actors and the crew, mostly among the displaced from Lahore film industry. Later, both Bhakri brothers floated their own film production companies and became producers/director.

The film’s director, Ravindra Dave was also a displaced person from Lahore film industry who came to Mumbai along with his brother Ramnarayan Dave and their maternal uncle, Dalsukh Pancholi. ‘Chunariya’ (1948) was his first directorial film in Mumbai. Ravindra Dave also floated his own film production company and became the producer-director of Hindi and Gujarati films. The acting career of Manorama and Pran, both from Lahore, took off in Mumbai from the success of ‘Chunariya’ (1948).

Music Director, Hansraj Bahl who started his career as the music director in Mumbai with ‘Pujaari’ (1946), was on the downhill after the continuous failures of about half-a-dozen films. He bounced back with good compositions of the songs for ‘Chunariya’ (1948) some of which became popular. Although, Geeta Dutt was the main female playback singer for the film, it was Lata Mangeshkar’ song, dil-e-naashaad ko jeene ki hasrat ho gayi tumse which became very popular. Similary, Mohammed Rafi’s song, sab kuchh lutaaya hamne aakar teri gali mein also became very popular.

‘Chunariya’ (1948) has the distinction of becoming a film in which Asha Bhosle sang her first song in Hindi film, ‘saawan aaya re saawan aaya jaage more bhaag’ along with Geeta Dutt and Zohrabai Ambalewaali in this film. However, according to Raju Bharatan who wrote Asha Bhosle’s musical biography, Asha Bhosle sang her first Hindi film song, ‘gareebon ke data gareebon ke waali’ in ‘Andhon Ki Duniya (1947) along with Zohrabai Ambalewaali. Unfortunately, as of now, both the songs are not available on any of the video sharing platforms. There may be some story as to why many on-line articles on Asha Bhosle consider the song in ‘Chunariya’ (1948) being her first Hindi film song rather than her song from ‘Andhon Ki Duniya’ (1947).

‘Chunariya’ (1948) had 10 songs – all written by Mulk Raj Bhakri of which 8 songs have already been covered on the Blog. The remaining two songs were not available on video sharing platforms for quite some time. Very recently, I am able to get mp3 clip of one of the two ‘missing’ songs which I have uploaded on a video sharing platform.

I am presenting the 9th song, ‘daaman se bandh gayi choli re, meri sakhi paraayi ho li re’ which is rendered by Geeta Dutt and chorus. From the wordings of the lyrics, it is apparent that it is a ‘Bidaai Song’ sung by bride’s friends.

Audio Clip:

Song-Daaman se bandh gayi choli re (Chunariya)(1948) Singer-Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Mulkraj Bhakri, MD-Hansraj Bahl
Chorus

Lyrics

daaman se bandh gayi choli re
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

em>mori sakhi paraayi ho li re..ae
ho li re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

baabul kaa ghar chhod sakhi
kar pi kaa ghar aabaad
hoooooooo
piya prem mein kho na jaana
hamein bhi rakhna yaad
man har lenaa
saanwariya kaa
aa aa aa aa aaa
bol ke meethhi boli re..ae
boli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re

pi charanan mein baith sakhi
tum swarg ka sukh nit paana
ho ooo oo
unki charan dhool ka nis din
maathhe tilak lagaana
haan haan
har raat teri bane deewaali
ee ee ee ee eee
har din ho tera holi re
holi re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re
daaman se bandh gayi choli re..ae
choli re daaman se
ho daaman se bandh gayi choli re


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4791 Post No. : 16548

Today’s song is from the film Rang mahal-1948. This social film was made by Eastern Pictures, Bombay. It was written and directed by Pt. Anand Kumar.

Not much is known about this director. He was one of those aspirants who ran away from home to Bombay- the Dream City, to make a career. In his first attempt he failed, went back to his village to do the ‘run away’ scene again second time, with more money. Even this time he failed, so he returned to his home and became a big and famous writer. He came back to Bombay only when he was invited by the film industry to make use of his skill !

Pt.Anand Kumar was born in Delhi on 4-9- 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father.

When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.

His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced the film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films, including a Hit Marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

The 6 songs of this film were written by Shiv Kumar and were tuned by a pair of MDs, namely K. Datta and V.A. Balsara. The songs are not credited to any specific MD in HFGK. However, singer’s names are given for all the songs. Suraiyya has 3 songs in it, which are already covered in the Blog. Today’s song is the 4th song sung by Shalini and Anant Marathe.

I could not get any information about this singer-Shalini. She was an actress in Hindi films. Starting her career with film Tulsi-1941, which was one of the last films of CIRCO Productions owned by Chimanlal Trivedi. After making 12 films from 1937 to 1942, he sold this company, studio and land to A.R. Kardar, who established his Kardar Sudios in Parel, Bombay. In her first film, Shalini was the Heroine opposite Trilokn Kapoor. Anant marathe was also in this film. Shalini acted in 25 Hindi films. her last Hindi film was Taqdeer-1967. She sang 3 songs in 2 films, Rang mahal-2 songs and Roop Sundari-49 1 song.. She seems to have worked in some Gujarati and Marathi films too.

Anant Marathe also known as Anant Kumar acted in 71 films. He also sang 5 songs in 5 films. His career started in 1936. Anant Marathe aka Anant Kumar was the brother of actor and famous singer Ram Marathe. I was searching for his information for quite some time. My search ended when I found an article written by his son about his father.

Anant Marathe was born in 1936. In a career that spanned over 50 years, he was a witness to many changes and upheavals in the Hindi film industry. Born in Pune, in a family that was doing well for itself, he had three brothers and two sisters. Losing his father at the tender age of four, he was forced to give up education and begin work, to fend for his family. In the process the family left Pune and came to Mumbai, the city that fed every soul.

The world of films, those days, was not an industry. It was just like a 9 to 5 job in an office. Anant Marathe, with his innocent looks, expressive eyes and inborn confidence, was chosen by Master Vinayak, to play a role as a child artiste in a hindi film, Chhayaa. In this film he played the role of a son, who for his own selfish means is used by his father, ( played by Late Shri Chandra Mohan).

The real breakthrough came when he was called for an audition at Prabhat Studios, the most distinguished film company of those days. This 1943-44 film was ‘ Ramshastri’, in which he was to play the part of Chhota (young) Ramshastri. Ramshastri Prabhune was the Supreme Judge of the Peshwa dynasty and known for his supreme judgement. Once he was selected for the role, his grooming as an actor really began. In the storyline, Chhota Ramshastri was depicted as a boy who hates to study and loves to play all day long. He would swim, roam about with his pet dog and enjoy life. For this role Anant marathe was made to learn swimming even though he was scared of water! He could not get along with the puppy dog, even though it was supposed to be his pet. And to top it all, after shooting, the swimming and the sequences with the dog were edited from the film! The song, ‘Don ghadicha daav, yala jeevan aise naav” sung by him was very popular at that time. He received an award for his performance as Ramshastri from Bengal Film Journalists Association as the best supporting actor of the year. This film was screened in a number of National and International film festivals.

Film industry in South India was very active in the early 50’s. Anant Marathe acted in a number of films produced by the South Indian film studios, namely AVM, Gemini studios etc. Shri Chettiar of AVM was planning a socio-mythological film on the life of a famous saint. The lead role was played by Shahu Modak. The film in general was devotional and to bring in an interesting element, a comic character was created, in the form of the saint’s shishya ( pupil ). This role was offered to Anant Marathe and he displayed histrionics that astonished everybody on the sets.

The Director who groomed the great showman Raj Kapoor was Kidar Sharma and Anant Marathe had the privilege to work in one of his films, this time as a villain! The film was Hamaari Yaad Aayegi. This film also launched Tanuja, who would be known as a talented actress in the coming years. Anant Marathe played the role of a character called Pyarelaal, a very deceiving name for a villain! He is a suave character, moving about in the company of elite people but behind the cute face there is a monster of sorts, a wolf in sheep’s clothes. Anant Marathe, with his charming smile was very stunning, not only in his looks but in every move. Kidar Sharma was known to reward any actor who performed a great scene with a 4 anna coin, known as chavanni in those days. A chavanni earned for a great shot was like an achievement. And Anant Marathe earned many, which he cherished till the end.

His journey as an actor continued with great flourish. Since he could speak Marathi and Hindi fluently, he received offers from both Marathi and Hindi films. He was truly a bi-lingual actor.

Manoj Kumar was inspired by the life of Bhagat Singh, the great sikh patriot from Punjab and was planning a film on his life. Manoj Kumar and Prem Chopra were to play the roles of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev respectively but casting for Raajguru, the third freedom fighter was still to be done, as Manoj Kumar wasn’t happy with the short-listed few, to play the role. Manoj Kumar heard about Anant Marathe, who had acted in many hindi and marathi films. Anant Marathe was asked to come over and meet Mnoj Kumar. One look at him and he had found his Raajguru! The experience of working in a truly patriotic film, that too with a thespian like Pran who played a cameo in Shaheed, was a very inspiring experience for him. Incidently Pran did not charge a single rupee for this role! Shaheed brought a wave of patriotism in the audience, they cheered and loved their heroes. The real mother of Bhagat Singh was felicitated at the premiere of this film at Delhi. She was moved by the performances of every actor in the film. What’s more, a special screening was arranged for the then Prime Minister of India, Late Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri, who praised the film and awarded certificates of honour to all the actors.

Anant Marathe acted in over 250 Hindi and Marathi films, out of which 71 films are Hindi. he also sang 5 songs in 5 Hindi films.When he made his foray in Hindi films, he was not very fluent in Hindi so he took lessons from a tutor who taught him the nuances of Hindi, thus improving the pronunciations so he could speak the language flawlessly. He also learnt English to give his persona the required sparkle, so important for a lead hero. He had to give up formal schooling due to circumstances that prevailed and may be he made up for it in this manner.

Some of the films he acted in are, Bhakta Bilwamangal (Durga Khote), Bhakta Gopalbhaiya (Amir Kanataki), Geeta (Chandra Mohan, Durga Khote), Gokul ( Kamala Kotnis, Sapru), Jivacha Sakha (Durga Khote, Sulochana), Malti Madhav (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Nanda Kumar ((Durga Khote), Sant Janabai (Hirabai Badodekar), Seeta Swayamvar (Durga khote, Baby Shakuntala), Jawaee Majha Bhala, Choravar Mor, Bhintila Kaan Astaat, Shri Krishna Darshan ( (Durga khote, Usha Kiran), Sampoona Ramayan, Bharat Milap and many more.

In “ Barkhaa”, he played the role of a doctor opposite Nanda. The song, “Ek raat mein do-do chaand khile…” became an instant hit. “Bada bhai”, a film starring late Ajit, had him playing Ajit’s younger brother with Amita as the female lead. In “Sanskaar” also he played the lead role opposite Amita. He acted in some Gujarati films also.

In the early stages acting was like a job for him but soon it became a passion. All these years, while he worked in front of the camera as an actor, he learnt the finer details of film making, by observing, making mental notes. He had a flair for writing. In fact, he was a habitual diary writer. He wrote poems for small children and later they were published in the form of a book.
He had a good voice and was planning to be a singer but destiny had something else in store for him, a career in acting.

He wielded the megaphone in 1974, for a Marathi film named “Sonarana Tochala Kaan”, starring comedian and an intense actor Nilu Phule in lead role with Usha Chavan as the female lead. It was inspired by a Hollywood caper with famous comedian, Bob Hope in lead. The film was a huge success all over Maharashtra.

Soon he was set to direct a film in Hindi. After a detailed script was worked out by him, the producer backed out. Losing hope but not the spirit, he turned a new leaf and began work on his next project, once again in Marathi. The name of the film was “ Bijlee”, meaning lightning.

Rangat-Sangat Pratishthan, founded by the wife of late Shri Shahu Modak conferred the Manus puraskaar, an award on him for life-time achievement. The name for this award, for obvious reason is Manus (meaning human), a film by this name had Shahu Modak in a memorable role as a Havildaar.

Anant Marathe lived a contented life. Having worked in films from the age of 8 took its toll on him and he passed away in 2002.(Thanks to http://www.writewrong.wordpress.com, muVyz, HFGK, and my notes).

With this duet song singer Shalini makes her Debut on the Blog.


Song-Bachpan tu mera daaman chhod zaraa (Rang Mahal)(1948) Singers- Shalini, Anant Marathe, Lyricist- Shiv Kumar, MD- K.Datta and V.A.Balsara

Lyrics

Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune jaa aa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

chanka ki kanghi se
ab main uljhe baal sanwaaroongi ee
aasmaan se tod ke taare
aasmaan se tod ke taare
maang mein apni daaroongi ee
maang mein apni daaroongi
kheloongi
koi kheloongi
kheloongi koi khel niraala sa aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

bijli si chanchalta lekar
nainon mein bhar loongi main
phoolon se muskaan chheen kar honthon mein bhar loongi main
le loongi koyal se ae
le loongi koyal se
madhur gala aa aa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa

phoolon ke ras ke laalach mein
main bhanwra ban jaaooonga
koyal ki sunkar madhur kook main
vasant ban aaunga

main phool ban
tu bhanwra ban kar aa aa aa
khelenge
koi khel niraala saa aa
jaa
le ja apne khel khilaune
jaa aa aa
Bachpan tu mera aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa
daaman chhod zaraaa aa aa aa


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4778 Post No. : 16530

We are in the midst of Saawan, the 5th month of the Hindu calendar. Besides, being a holy month for Hindus, it is also a month for romanticism. After experiencing the scorching summer for a couple of months, rains bring a great relief to the people. By the time, the month of saawan starts, the rains have already transformed not only the dry agricultural fields into green but also the surroundings areas. Also, in the saawan month, the intensity of the rains gets reduced allowing the inter-play of showers and soft sunrays. All these changes in the climate make the atmosphere congenial for romanticism. Longing, rejoicing and separation become the part of the romantic month of saawan for those in love. Poets, writers and artists have been inspired by the romaticism of saawan in their works.

In ‘Meghdoot’, written by Kalidas about 1600 years ago, there is no direct reference to ‘saawan’ in the poems. But the reference to the clouds gives an indication of the rainy season when the exiled Yaksha on a mountain sees a cloud perched on the peak. He requests the cloud to deliver his message to his beloved in the Himalayan city of Alaka. Probably, this was the inspiration for some ‘saawan’ songs in Hindi films, the popular one being saawan ke baadalon unse ye jaa kaho from ‘Rattan’ (1944).

In the 14th century, Amir Khusrau wrote a ‘saawan’ poem, ‘amma mere baba ko bhejo ri ke saawan aaya’. The poem was written in a form of the conversation between the mother and her newly married daughter staying in her sasural (in-law’s place). The full song is as under:

amma mere baba ko bhejo ri ke saawan ayaa
beti tera baba to boodha ri ke saawan ayaa

amma mere bhai ko bhejo ri ke saawan ayaa
beti tera bhai to baala ri ke saawan ayaa

amma mere mamu ko bhejo ri ke saawan ayaa
beti tera mamu to baanka ri ke saawan ayaa

Probably, Amir Khusrau wrote this piognant poem in the background of a convention among the some of the Hindu families that the newly married daughters stay with their parents during the month of saawan, among other reasons, to celebrate the festivals like Naag Panchami, Teej, Raksha Bandhan, Shri Krishna Janmashtmi etc. for the first time after the marriage. In olden days, it was either father, brother or the maternal uncle who would bring the newly married girl to her parent’s house. Khusrau’s poem is the reflection of a newly married girl who is longing to visit her parent’s house in the month of saawan but unable to visit as her father is too old and her brother is too young to undertake the journey to fetch her.

As against this, for the girl whose marriage has been fixed, the month of saawan is the longing for her fiancé. There is an eagerness to meet him. The mood of joie de vivre is well expressed in Shailendra’s lyrics in aaye re din saawan ke in the film ‘Gaban’ (1966).

The rejoicing mood in Meerabai’s bhajan, barse boondiyaan saawan ki which Lata Mangeshkar sang, became very popular though it was a non-film song. I will not be surprised if other poets of Bhakti movements at that period also wrote on the month of saawan.

In the Urdu drama, ‘Inder Sabha’ (1850s) which was written in verses by Amanat Lucknawi, there is a ghazal praying for the early arrival of ‘saawan’. He had used the metaphor of saawan in various romantic instances, like the swirling of beloved’s ‘zulfen’ and ‘dupatta’ to that of the clouds of saawan. A somewhat similar metaphor was used by Raja Mehdi Ali Khan in the mukhda of the song, zulfon ki ghata lekar saawan ki pari aayi in ‘Reshmi Roomaal’ (1961).

This was an unique ghazal in the sense that it had two matla (the first she’r) and had used ‘radif ‘(repeat words) – ‘saawan ki’ in all the 11 she’rs of the ghazal. One can say that it was a ‘saawan dominated’ ghazal. The first two she’rs of the ghazal are as under:

dil ko marghoob hai thandi hawa jo saawan ki
maangta hoon main sada haq se duwa saawan ki

yaad aata hai wo sabza wo ghata saawan ki
shaql dikhlaaye kahin jald khuda saawan ki

And lastly, Amanat Lacknawi writes:

ae ‘Amanat’ yah nikaali hai zameen tu ne nayi
pahle thhi kiski ghazal tere siwa saawan ki

Not all the poets used in their poems, the context of ‘saawan’ in the conventional sense of romance, separation and rejoice. Neeraj used the month of saawan in one of his ghazals to depict the ironies of life. He said:

ab ke saawan mein ye sharaarat mere saath huyi
mera ghar chhod kar kul shahar mein barsaat huyi
zindagi bhar to huyi guftugoo ghairon se magar
aaj tak hamse na hamaari mulaakaat huyi

Hindi film music has also been influenced by ‘saawan’ songs since the sound films appeared in 1931. Unfortunately, in the initial period of sound films, the songs were rarely released on gramophone records. Due to non-availability of the films’s print, most of songs from the films of early 1930s have been lost. The earliest ‘saawan’ song’ from the Hindi films for which I could get the mukhda of the song is from ‘Maharani’ (1934) in which the song ‘saawan ghan barse chaatak kyun tarse’ was listed. However, the song is not available. As far as I know, the earliest ‘saawan’ song from Hindi films that is available for listening (also for watching) is naahin aaye ghanshyam from the film ‘Devdas’ (1935). There has been a steady flow of ‘saawan’ songs in Hindi films since the inception of sound films.

Some of the ‘saawan’ songs in Hindi films which are of my liking (not an exhaustive list) are as under:

saawan aaye na aaye – Sadhana (1939)

saawan ke nazaare hain – Khazaanchi (1941)

kayi din se saawan barasta hai rimjhim rimjhim – Samaaj (1954)

thandi thandi saawan ki phuhaar – Jagate Raho (1956)

do boonden saawan ki – Phir Subah Hogi (1958)

garjat barsat saawan aayo re – Barsaat Ki Raat (1960)

deewaana huwa baadal saawan ki ghata chhaayi – Kashmir Ki Kali (1964)

saawan ke din aaye sajanwa aan milo – Bhumika (1977)

saawan ki aayi bahaar re – Junoon (1978)

lagi aaj saawan ki phir wo jhadi hai – Chaandni (1989)

Notwithstanding my above list, if someone was to ask me to instantly give one example of ‘saawan’ song from the Hindi films, the first song that will invariabnly come to my mind is rimjhim gire saawan sulag sulag jaaye man from ‘Manzil’ (1979) The reason is that I had watched the film and the song was picturised on Amitabh Bachchan and Maushumi Chatterjee in the midst of real rains. This song gives a real feel of the atmosphere of the month of saawan.

Our Blog has covered as many as 99 ‘saawan’ songs. The count could be more as tagging of few ‘saawan’ songs may have been missed. I am presenting today, a lovely ‘saawan’ song, ‘barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa saawan ka aaya mahina’ from the film ‘Papeeha Re’ (1948). HFGK is silent on the singers of the song. However, I am fairly sure that the two voices sound like that of Munawwar Sultana and Zeenat Begum.

From the lyrics of the song, it appears that Zeenat Begam is singing for an actress doing a male character in this song sequence.

Audio Clip:

Song-Barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa saawan ka aaya maheena (Papeeha Re)(1948) Singers-Munawwar Sultana, Zeenat Begam, Lyrics-Mulkraj Bhakri, MD-Dhaniram
Both

Lyrics

barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa
saawan ka aaya maheena

o na jaa pardes
o na jaa pardes
na jaa
na jaa haan
mera mushqil tum bin jeena
saawan ka aaya maheena

tum to chale pardesiya
yahaan laagega kaise jiya
o piya
kaahe ka jadoo kiya
jo thhaa jaana chhod ke hamko
jo thhaa jaana chhod ke hamko..o o o
kaahe ka jaadoo kiya
o raaja
phir kaahe ka jaadoo kiya
barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa
saawan ka aaya maheena

naukri karne ko jaana zaroori
gori jaana zaroori
aayi badi majboori
dil mein tu apne aake basaa le mori
aake basaa le
phir kaahe ki doori sajaniya
phir kaahe ki doori

barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa
saawan ka aaya maheena

maar tu goli naukari ko
o raaja naukari ko
morey raaja
rah jaa tu mere paas
dekh sooratiya bhookh mitegi mori
bhookh mitegi
nainon ki jaayegi pyaas
o morey raaja
nainon ki jaayegi pyaas
barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa
saawan ka aaya maheena

na ro tu na ro
na ro tu na ro
o meri raani na ro
o meri raani
kaahe bhayi tu udaas
ab to karoonga teri main chaakri
ho teri main chaakri
tera banoonga daas
o meri raani
tera banoonga daas

barkha ki rut hai baanke balamwa
saawan ka aaya maheena


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4749 Post No. : 16484

So. Finally it is official.

We are teenagers now, the first step into the growing up years. The childhood years left behind and now the coming of age years are starting.

What started off as a ‘let’s-try-it’ hobby run with the simplest of the simple philosophical musings – “Miley Na Phool To Kaanton Se Dosti Kar Li“, has come of age today and has blossomed into a huge tree with thousands of branches spread out, with roots that are deep and strong, and are full of conviction. A tree that provides shade in terms of solace to the lovers of music, which in turn are spread out all over the globe. This is the world tree of music and songs. This is a tree that has a flavor for every palate, a tree that has fruits of everlasting tastes for the connoisseurs, a tree that conserves and perpetuates that enchanting phenomena that is the lovely Hindi Film Music – this is a tree that has many different meanings and many different treasures for the seekers of pleasure in music. There is a whole universe of music that has  settled itself around this tree. Although the desires abounded for flowers, but when none were forthcoming this direction, the protagonist settled for the proverbial thorns to start with. That humble gesture ensured that flowers of all shades and colors, and also, flower bearers of all tastes and wonders, kept on coming together one by one, till a complete orchestra of performers was formed, and the bandwagon got its name.

Thirteen years and counting. And if you talk of counting, here are some counts that will really make you happy with wonder.

Do you know that we have a visitor to this blog, every thirty seconds – the total count (and still counting) is upwards of 14.5 million visitors. Now that is a number to really wonder about.

Do you know that we have been averaging quite, quite close to one new film per day since the inception of this blog. 4749 days today and 4480 films showcased. And oh yes, that is not counting the Non-Film songs categories. Adding them categories, we shall surely be at 1+ new film or new non-film song category per day. Isn’t that a wow that makes one feel like flying.

Do you know that the average daily rate of posting is upwards of three posts per day. Try doing that seven days a week, 365 days a year, and continuously at that rate for 13 years. Try writing a letter each to three friends every day, day on day, for 13 years. My, does that no yet boggle the mind.

And that is where the superlatives start ceasing to have an impact.

13 years – 4,749 days – 16,484 posts. . .

And just ONE person.  Now isn’t that something to boggle the google. Especially when we know it is a labor of love, and that it is not an endeavor for remuneration. Ah yes, it does finally boil down to love. As does of course, everything else in this universe.

That one person, carrying the entire earth on his shoulders, like the legendary Atlas. Not pausing for even a day to rest. Of course yes, there have been rarities that we have had dot days. But in the final count, the averages will speak for themselves. No matter how many runs and how many centuries – double, triple – any other batsman has scored, the Don Bradman remains the Don Bradman when the averages are calculated.

Atul ji, over the years that we have been associated for this endeavor, we have completely used up all the possible epithets and adjectives to address our appreciation of your work. And now, we are at a loss to articulate this emotion any further. And will finally end up saying these lines that I borrow from another legend – ABBA,

So I say
Thank you for the music, the songs I’m singing
Thanks for all the joy they’re bringing
Who can live without it? I ask in all honesty
What would life be?
Without a song or a dance, what are we?
So I say thank you for the music
For giving it to me

And not just to me – to this entire world, a compilation that is sans any peers. Who would have thought it could have been possible. Your own words have been that your earliest flights of imagination brought you to a number of maybe 2,500. And that then you would rest.

Aah, but for the passion this ignited, within yourself, and within this motley crew of the musical bandwagon. The counter is ticking oh so close to 16,500 posts. And not a day’s breather seems to be in view. Mightier and stronger and higher we ride the Olympian altitudes. And the bandwagon keeps chugging along, day on day, week on week, month on. . .

I just thought of taking a look at the date of 19th July across our travels. We have had a total of 68 posts that have been celebrating this anniversary, after the intial 19th July post of 2008. Seven posts in 2009, 4 posts in 2010, 5 posts in 2011, 6 posts in 2012, 5 posts again in 2013, then on to 7 posts once again in 2014, 5 posts in 2015, and wow, a whopping 8 posts in 2016, back to 4 posts in 2017, aah – 3 posts in 2018, 4 posts in 2019, back up to 6 posts in 2020, and then today, 4 posts again to celebrate this wondrous milestone. With songs posted across the entire spectrum of decades, from 1936 all the way up to 2002, the celebrations of this anniversary have been multifarious and varied.

Ah but let me not bore you with any more statistics and analyses. And bring you to this song for the celebration today.

Geeton Ka Sansaar Yahaan Par

Took me a while to locate this wonderfully complementary theme song for this celebration. And for its rarity, it is – sorry, it was not yet available online. The film is ‘Nai Reet’ from 1948. The film itself makes a debut on our blog today.

The film has been produced under the banner of India Film Corporation, Bombay and is directed by Shubh Karan Ojha. This relatively obscure film that probably did not garner much attention and box office receipts when it was released in 1948, has the cast listed as Sulochana Chatterjee, Geeta Bali, Rajendra, Krishankant, Tiwari, Badri Prasad, Tara Bai, Leela Mishra, and Ramesh Sinha. Most names are familiar, and I am sure the full cast would be carrying more names.

The film has 8 songs in total. All the songs are written by a team of two songwriters in collaboration – Bal Krishan Gupta and Ratan Kumar Gupta. The footnote that is carried in the Geet Kosh, succinctly states that – “As per the information recieved from Lyricist Bal Krishna Gupta all songs this film were written by both Lyricists working together, i.e. `Kumar-Gupta` (Ratan `Kumar` Gupta + Bal Krishna `Gupta`. However the records carry the name as `Kumar Gupta`.” So by this input, we would also use the lyricist’s name as Kumar-Gupta.

The music is by SK Pal, and the singing voice is that of Meena Kapoor.

And the words – they oh so well sum up the emotions of this celebration today – that here is a universe of songs that has been put together for us.

गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है
पत्ती पत्ती झूम रही
हर फूल में जादू फैला है

A world of songs is here
It is a festival celebration of smiles
Every leaf is swaying with delight
There is a joyous magic spread through every flower

मैं भी अपनी झोली लाई
भर लेने को बिखरी दौलत
मैं भी दौड़ी दौड़ी आई
क्या छोड़ूँ क्या चुन लूँ इस में
लगता बड़ा झमेला है

In haste I come here
To gather this treasure spread about
I try to garner it all in my arms
And the mind is in a dilemma
What all shall I take
And what all shall I leave

एक अनोखा बाग है दुनिया
सुन्दर सुन्दर प्यारा प्यारा
मानो मीठा राग है दुनिया
पागल मन मेरा मस्ती में
कली सा खिल खिल खेला है

What a joyful garden this world is
So beautiful and lovely
The whole world is a sweet melody
And my mind is untamed in passion
Blossoming like new buds playing

Yes, all these emotions run through the mind when I look at this incredible and phenomenal treasure of enchanting melodies – this world of songs, here, with us.

A grand celebration for this inception day milestone.

A wonderful musical greetings to all readers and all members of the musical bandwagon.

And a bagful of wishes and blessings, that this tree may only proliferate further, day by passing day.

And that this journey may never cease.

तमन्ना है ये साथ चलते रहें हम ना बीते कभी ये सफर. . .

Song – Geeton Ka Sansaar Yahaan Par  (Nai Reet) (1948) Singer – Meena Kapoor, Lyrics – Kumar-Gupta, MD – SK Pal

Lyrics

geeton ka sansaar yahaan par
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
geeton ka sansaar yahaan par
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
mela hai
patti patti jhoom rahi
jhoom rahi
patti patti jhoom rahi
jhoom rahi
har phool mein
har phool mein jaadu phaila hai
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
mela hai
geeton ka sansaar yahaan par
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai

main bhi apni jholi laai
main bhi apni jholi laai
bhar lene ko bikhri daulat
main bhi daudi daudi aayi
kya chhodoon kya chun loon is mein
kya chhodoon kya chun loon is mein
lagta bada jhamela hai
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
mela hai
geeton ka sansaar yahaan par
muskaanon ka mela hai

ek anokha baag hai duniya
ek anokha baag hai duniya
sundar sundar pyaara pyaara
maano meetha raag hai duniya
maano meetha raag hai duniya
paagal mann mera masti mein
paagal mann mera masti mein
kali sa khil khil khela hai
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
mela hai
geeton ka sansaar yahaan par
muskaanon ka mela hai
mela hai
mela hai

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————
गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
मेला है
पत्ती पत्ती झूम रही
झूम रही
पत्ती पत्ती झूम रही
हर फूल में
हर फूल में जादू फैला है
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
मेला है
गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है

मैं भी अपनी झोली लाई
मैं भी अपनी झोली लाई
भर लेने को बिखरी दौलत
मैं भी दौड़ी दौड़ी आई
मैं भी दौड़ी दौड़ी आई
क्या छोड़ूँ क्या चुन लूँ इस में
क्या छोड़ूँ क्या चुन लूँ इस में
लगता बड़ा झमेला है
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
मेला है
गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है

एक अनोखा बाग है दुनिया
एक अनोखा बाग है दुनिया
सुन्दर सुन्दर प्यारा प्यारा
मानो मीठा राग है दुनिया
मानो मीठा राग है दुनिया
पागल मन मेरा मस्ती में
पागल मन मेरा मस्ती में
कली का खिल खिल खेला है
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
मेला है
गीतों का संसार यहाँ पर
मुसकानों का मेला है
मेला है
मेला है


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4743 Post No. : 16470

Playback singing was introduced for the first time in Hindi films for a song in New Talkies’ ‘Dhoop Chhaaon’ (1935) under the music direction of R C Boral. The song main khush hona chaahoon was sung by Parul Ghosh, Suprobha Sarkar, Harimati and K C Dey. In Bombay film industry, playback singing was introduced for the song ‘jeewan hai ek kahaani’ in Sagar Movietone’s ‘Mahageet’ (1937) which was sung by Anil Biswas under his own music direction. Unfortunately, gramophone record for this song was not issued.

There is a general impression that playback singing was introduced with a view to making trained singers sing for actors who can not sing. But the original intention of introducing the playback singing was mainly to segregate the functions of composing songs from the shooting of the song to afford flexibilities in picturisation of the song sequences. Hence, in the initial stages of playback singing – say during 1935-40 – it was mainly actors who would first record the songs in their own voices which would be lip sync on them on the screen. For examples, actor-singers like K L Saigal and Kanan Devi in Kolkata, Surendra and Khurshid Bano in Mumbai used to first record the song in their voices to be playback during the songs’ shooting.

It was some time towards the end of 1930s and the beginning of 1940s, that professional and trained singers started lending their voices to be lip synced by actors who were not good singers. A beginning was made by actor-singers like Rajkumari Dubey and Amirbai Karnataki who either gave up acting or reduced their acting commitments to concentrate mainly on playback singing. Around the same period, radio singers like G M Durrani, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambalewaali and radio singers/musicians like Khan Mastana, S D Batish and Rafique Ghaznavi also started lending their voices to actors.

Soon film producers realised that the gramophone records of songs rendered by trained and professional singers sold out like hot cake swhich was an additional source of revenue for them. The stock of the handful of playback singers of that time went skyhigh when the songs of films like ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941), ‘Khandaan’ (1942), ‘Kismet’ (1943), ‘Rattan’ (1944) became very popular with the masses. The film industry felt the need to search for trained singers who could be used as playback singers. The easiest way of searching for prospective playback singers for films at that time was to consider singers whose voices ere heard on All India Radio.

In the last couple of months, I have been going through past issues of fortnightly bulletins that are available on line, namely ‘The Indian Listener’ of the All India Radio (AIR) from 1936 to 1950. Daily programmes of the various stations of AIR are listed in it . Browsing of the pages of the Bulletin has revealed that most of the popular playback singers of Hindi cinema of the 1940s had their origins as radio singers on AIR. Take AIR, Lahore, for example. Shamshad Begum started singing on AIR Lahore in 1937, followed by Noor Jehan in 1939, Zeenat Begum, Naseem Akhtar and Naseem Begum in 1940, Surinder Kaur, Mohammed Rafi, Dilshad Begum, Munawwar Sultana, Iqbal Begum in 1943 etc.

Zohrabai Ambalewali and Shamshad Begum had shifted their base from Lahore to Mumbai in the late 1930s and early 1940s, respectively while Zeenat Begum shifted to Mumbai in 1944. All these three playback singers gave some tough competition to Mumbai-based Rajkumari Dubey and Amirbai Karnataki. There were many other radio singers attached to AIR Lahore, like Munawwar Sultana, Dilshad Begum, Naseem Akhtar, Naseem Begum, Iqbal Begum, Rashida Begum, Bahar Begum, Mohammed Rafi etc. Most of them made their debuts as playback singers around middle of 1940s. There were also the radio singers from AIR, Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow and Kolkata etc. Some of them became playback singers too. For example, Zohrabai Ambalewali, G M Durrani, Khan Mastana, Geeta Roy, Mohantara Talpade, Sitara Kanpuri, Utpala Sen, Kalyani Das and many more,

I am very fond of the voices of playback singers Dilshad Begum, Munawwar Sultana and Nazira Begum. Unfortunately, their playback singing careers did not take off despite having very good voices for the singing of film songs. The total numbers of identified songs rendered by them since their debut totaled 27, 30 and 6 respectively. What could be reasons that they did not succeed in their playback singing career?

Neither of the three seem to have pursued the playback singing career seriously. They confined their playback singing career mostly to films produced at Lahore or with Lahore-based music directors like Pandit Amarnath, G A Chishti, Lachhiram Tomar and lesser-known music directors like Inayat Hussain, K S Sagar and Master Mohan. Probably, they did not wish to travel out of Lahore for song recordings say, in Mumbai. Most of the films for which they sang were not from the top banners. To add to their woes, due to partition, some of the films produced during 1946-47 were either remained unreleased or had released after inordinate delays.

The Blog has so far covered the melodious voices of Lahore’s lesser-known playback singers, Munawwar Sultana (11), Dilshad Begum (12) and Nazira Begum (1). I am presenting today, a melodious song from the film ‘Chupke Chupke’ (1948) sung by one of the lesser known playback singers from Lahore. The song is a ghazal, ‘apne dil mein pyaar ki duniya basa kar loot gaye’ which is set to music by S D Batish. There were two lyricists – Tufail Hoshiyarpuri and Wakar Pandey. But individual distributions of the songs among the lyricists are not available.

It is learnt that the label of 78 RPM gramophone record of the song does not mentione the name of the singer. Some on-line websites have mentioned the name of the singer as Iqbal Bano. I have some doubt about Iqbal Bano being the singer of the song on two counts. First, the singing voice in the song under discussion does not sound to match with that of Iqbal Bano. Second, Iqbal Bano was born sometime in 1935. At the time of the recording of the song which could be as early as 1946 (I suspect the film was the victim of partition and its released got delayed to 1948), Iqbal Bano’s age was around 12 years. I wrote to Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, an expert in identifying the singers of Hindi film songs especially of 1930s and 1940s. He replied that Jayraman of RMIM Group has identified the singer of the song as Nazira Begum and he agrees with him. So, for the time being, Nazira Begum has been accredited as the playback singer of the song under discussion.

This song proves that Nazira Begum had a very melodious voice. She has rendered the indentified songs in only 4 films, out of which three films remained unreleased – ‘Rustam Aur Sohrab (1940s), ‘Pardesi Baalam’ (1940s) and ‘Basant Panchami’ (1940s).

Audio Clip:

Song-Apne dil mein pyaar ki duniya basa kar lut gaye (Chupke Chupke)(1948) Singer-Nazeera Begam, MD-S D Batish

Lyrics

apne dil mein pyaar ki
duniya basa kar lut gaye
gair nikle hum jinhen
apna bana kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

zindagi ki har khushi
karwat badal kar rah gayi
zindagi ki har khushi
karwat badal kar rah gayi
ek wafa na aashna hai se
dil laga kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

kya khabar
iss mohabbat ki haqeeqat hai fareb
kya khabar
iss mohabbat ki haqeeqat hai fareb
pyaar ne dhokha diya
dhokhe mein aa kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

shaakh thak wo jal gayi
kisi ka apna aashiyaan
shaakh thak wo jal gayi
kisi ka apna aashiyaan
apne dil ki aag se
dil ko jala kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

kya kare….n
jaa kar kisi se
badnaseebi ka gila aa aa aaa
is dil-e-betaab ki
is dil-e-betaab ki
baaton mein aa kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over THIRTEEN years. This blog has over 17000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1325
Total Number of movies covered=4609

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