Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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4899 Post No. : 16703 Movie Count :


This day that year 50 years ago.

16 dec 1971

It was on this day 50 years ago that the biggest surrender of an army was signed at 16:01 IST at Dacca. Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora of Indian Army got Pakistan Army’s Lieutenant General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi to sign on the instrument of surrender. The original of this surrender memo is available in National Museum, New Delhi. The text of the instrument of surrender read :

The PAKISTAN Eastern Command agree to surrender all PAKISTAN Armed Forces in BANGLA DESH to Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA, General Officer Commanding in Chief of Indian and BANGLA DESH forces in the Eastern Theatre. This surrender includes all PAKISTAN land, air and naval forces as also all para-military forces and civil armed forces. These forces will lay down their arms and surrender at the places where they are currently located to the nearest regular troops under the command of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA.

The PAKISTAN Eastern Command shall come under the orders of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA as soon as the instrument has been signed. Disobedience of orders will be regarded as a breach of the surrender terms and will be dealt with in accordance with the accepted laws and usages of war. The decision of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA will be final, should any doubt arise as to the meaning of interpretation of the surrender terms.

Lieutenant General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA gives a solemn assurance that personnel who surrender shall be treated with dignity and respect that soldiers are entitled to in accordance with provisions of the GENEVA Convention and guarantees the safety and well-being of all PAKISTAN military and para-military forces who surrender. Protection will be provided to foreign nationals, ethnic minorities and personnel of WEST PAKISTANI origin by the forces under the command of Lieutenant-General JAGJIT SINGH AURORA.

signed signed
Lieutenant-General Lieutenant-General
General Officer Commanding in Chief Martial Law Administrator Zone B and
India and BANGLA DESH Forces in the Commander Eastern Command
Eastern Theatre (Pakistan)
16 December 1971 16 December 1971

Ironically, the Pakistani public was still being kept in the dark by Pakistani rulers. They were being told that Pakistani army was scoring victories after victories and Pakistan was on the verge of a historical victory.

“War Till Victory” screamed the front page headline of Pakistan’s “Dawn” newspaper on its edition of 17 December 1971, when Pakistani army had already surrendered.

Pakistani public were kept in the dark about the fact that Pakistani army had launched a genocide of East Pakistanis in march 1971 codenamed “operation searchlight” during which they murdered 3 million intellectuals of East Pakistan and raped half a million East Pakistani women. All this, because East Pakistani party Awami League had won the national general election and were eligible to form the national government. It was a prospect that was not acceptable to west Pakistanis, namely Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, and Pakistani army (mostly Army of West Pakistani Punjab).

The genocide naturally caused largescale fleeing of hapless East Pakistani refugees into neighbouring areas of India. Ten million refugees poured into India. India, one of the desperately poor nations on earth, was in no position to take the burden of this huge population of refugees. Indian government appealed for other nations to help, but to no avail. The entire world, led by USA (supposedly leader of the free and just world) supported Pakistan while it was carrying out a genocide of its own people which put to shame the genocide of jews by Nazis during the second world war. About 7 million jews were murdered by Nazis in about five years. On the other hand, Pakistani army murdered 3 million people in East Pakistan in just seven months. Overall, Pakistani army murdered nearly 5 % of the population of East Pakistan !

It was only India (supported by USSR) that was on the side of East Pakistanis. To prevent India from defeating its ally Pakistan, USA went to the extent of threatening to nuke India by sending its nuclear armed seventh fleet to Indian ocean. Thankfully, USSR came to the rescue of India and sent its own nuclear submarines and that discouraged US Navy’s seventh fleet to venture into the war theatre.

As mentioned earlier, India those days was a desperately poor country, one that was not self sufficient even in the matters of foodstuff. Entering into a war was the last thing that India was interested in. But naive pacifist ways of Indian government, and unfriendly neighbours on its boundaries meant that India were forced into wars repeatedly. It was in 1962 that China attacked India and India, totally nprepared for war, suffered a humiliating defeat. This defeat broke Indian PM Nehru and he died soon thereafter, throwing India into disarray. Pakistan seized this opportunity and attacked India. India could have suffered another reverse, but thanks to the bravery of field level personnel, India not only fought back, but also began to gain ground. Pakistan, heading for a humiliating defeat, appealed to China. China came to Pakistan’s rescue and opened another front at Sikkim. India got unnerved and entered into a ceasefire. This helped Pakistan save face. This 1965 war is described as a win in Pakistani textbooks.

Pakistan was trying to enter into a ceasefire in 1971 as well, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had rushed to UN to get UN to force  India into accepting ceasefire, but USSR vetoed such attempts. If there was any delay in India securing this surrender, Pakistan would have forced a ceasefire. Then East Pakistan would have remained East Pakistan and the genocide of East Pakistanis would have continued. Thankfully for India as well as East Pakistanis, Indian army made speedier progress than was considered possible and unnerved Pakistani army into surrendering on 16 December 1971.

This surrender was very important for humanity because it stopped one of the biggest genocides in human history. It helped defeat a rouge army that never won any war, but kept awarding itself medals for murdering its own people. If one watches the famous surrender photograph, one will find that A A K Niazi was wearing more medals than any other Indian army officers seen in the photograph.

50 years have passed. Ironically, the people who failed Pakistanis, namely its army, still rule the roost in Pakistan and still manage to brainwash their public. It is just that Pakistani army themselves no longer enter into war. They have sub contracted this work to terrorists whom they themselves train. The world, including their erstwhile benefactor USA have only just now begun to realise their folly. They kept supporting this rogue country against world’s biggest democracy for decades, only to get betrayed.

On this occasion, here is a song from “Bhuj the Pride of India”(2021). This movie is based on the 1971 war. The song is sung by Arijit Singh. Manoj Muntasir is the lyricist. Music is composed by Arko.

With this song, “Bhuj the Pride of India”(2021) makes its debut in the blog. This song is the first song of the third decade of this millenium to appear in the blog.

Song-O des mere teri shaan pe sadke(Bhuj The Pride of India)(2021) Singer-Arijit Singh, Lyrics- Manoj Muntasir, MD-Arko


o des mere
teri shaan pe sadke
koi dhan hai kya
teri dhool se badh ke
teri dhoop se raushan
teri hawa pe zinda
tu baag hai mera
main tera parinda

hai arz ye deewaane ki
jahaan bhor suhaani dekhi
ik roz wahin shaam ho
kabhi yaad kare jo zamaana
maati pe mar mit jaana
zikr mein shaamil mera naam ho

o des mere
teri shaan pe sadke
koi dhan hai kya
teri dhool se badh ke
teri dhoop se raushan
teri hawa pe zinda
tu baag hai mera
main tera parinda

aanchal tera rahe maa
rang biranga
o ooncha aansaam se
ho tera tiranga
jeene ki izaazat de de
ye hukm shahaadat dede
manzoor hamen
jo bhi tu chune
resham ko ho dushala
ya kafan sipaahi waala
odhenge hum jo bhi tu bune
o des mere
teri shaan pe sadke
koi dhan hai kya
teri dhool se badh ke
teri dhoop se raushan
teri hawa pe zinda
tu baag hai mera
main tera parinda

This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The first gramophone recording of songs in India was done in November 1902. However, the records were marketed only in 1903. A cursory glance at the various issues of Society of Indian Records Collectors (SIRC) indicates that early gramophone recordings were confined mostly to songs sung by ‘Bais’, ‘Devis’, ‘Jaans’, ‘Begums’ etc who mainly belonged to professions like courtesans, dancing, private concert singers etc. In view of their background, they recorded mostly semi-classical songs in the genre of Thumri, Dadra, Ghazals, Bhajans, Hori, Chaiti, Folks music etc. These genres of songs were popular among the masses thanks to theatres where some of the above mentioned singers acted in the plays. The popularity of these songs gave gramophone recording companies profitable business opportunity.
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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17800 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1365
Total Number of movies covered=4740

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