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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Geeta Dutt Shankar Dasgupta duet’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4081 Post No. : 15220

Today’s song is from film Raami Dhoban-53. It is sung by Geeta Dutt, Shankar Dasgupta and chorus. The lyrics are by Ram Murthy Chaturvedi and the music was by a relatively less known composer, Hiren Bose. The film was made by Navkala Niketan-of Ramesh Vyas, the Producer. The film was directed by Hiren Bose.

It is very rare to see both the director of the film and its composer being the same. There are cases, when Producer/Director or Director/Lyricist or even Director/main actor being one and the same, but director and composer combination is not that common. In the 50’s decade, S N Tripathi, music director was a multi-faceted artiste. He was an actor, composer, director and a singer too. He had acted in 83 films,sang 13 songs in 7 films, directed 18 films and gave music to 107 films- composing 863 songs in all. He was the MD in all the 18 films, which he had directed- from Ram Hanuman Yuddha-57 to Sant Gyaneshwar-81.

Till S N Tripathi achieved this feat, Hiren Bose was considered a marvel. He acted in 6 films, directed 15 films, gave music to 3 films and wrote story and screen play in 2 films. I had first written on him 7 years ago. After that more details became available, hence here is his detailed information…

Born in Calcutta on 26-9-1903, Hiren completed his college education and learnt classical music & Rabindra sangeet to such proficiency that soon he earned titles of “Vidya Bhushan” and “Sangeet Ratna “. He wrote in Bengali papers and for Bangla films too.

In the years 1928 to 1932,Hiren had joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he became a close friend of Kazi Nazrul Islam and Dhiren das. Both kazi and Hiren wrote lyrics for songs in HMV .

Around 1929,a new , young and attractive singer came to HMV. Her name was KANAN BALA. She came for recording songs. Soon the handsome Hiren cast his spell on Kanan and she started considering him as her mentor in HMV. They were a quartet of friends, Kanan, Hiren, Kazi and Dhiren. In HMV Kanan recorded many songs set to tune or written by Hiren Bose.

In 1932,this team left HMV,on the issue of Royalty and joined the newly formed Megaphone Recording company. Here too after 2 years, this team left Megaphone and joined Columbia recording company. By 1934, Hiren wrote in his autobiography- JATI SMAR (My memories)-later that he had lost interest in Kananbala.

Hiren’s eyes were now set on a bigger Horizon -BOMBAY. He knew that remaining in Calcutta may not be suitable for him. Meanwhile he had met another struggler, ANIL BISWAS. Hiren advised him to go to Bombay for brighter future and also promised him all his help. Although,by then ANIL BISWAS was comfortably placed in Calcutta, he left for Bombay as per Hiren’s advise. Hiren Bose was a highly respected name in musical circles of Calcutta.

Hiren started working in Bombay. His fame as a versatile film person had already reached Bombay and he had no difficulty in getting work there. Hiren directed Dharam ki Devi-35,followed by Piya ki Jogan-36 and then Mahageet 1937. As per his promise he gave a chance to Anil Biswas to give music,independently to DHARAM KI DEVI-1935. As such earlier he had composed a song in Bharat ki Beti-35- “Tere poojan ko Bhagwan” sung by Rattan bai. But then he had shared the Music direction with Zande Khan. That song had become quite popular then.

Hiren Bose was very fond of acting in films and he also acted in MAHAGEET-1937. It was in this film that Anil Biswas FIRST introduced playback singing in a Bombay film. (In Calcutta R C Boral had started playback in 1935 itself). The FIRST ever Playback song in this film was ” Jeevan hai ek kahani,Duniya bhi hai ek kahani ” . It was sung by Anil Biswas and was filmed on Hiren Bose on the screen.Thus Hiren Bose’s name became a Historical name in Bombay film industry. This was how, Anil Biswas repaid the debt of Hiren Bose,in helping him to get established in Bombay Music field.

(Ref- ‘The early composers- Music beyond Boundaries by Dr. Ashok Ranade pp 183-186).

After Mahageet, Hiren Bose got an offer from Madras to direct a Telugu film- Bhakt Jaydev-1938,which he did successfully.

Hiren Bose kept on shuttling between Bombay and Calcutta,doing some films here and some there.He also acted in some Bangla films during that period. He was so versatile in many departments that he did acting, directing, lyrics, singing,and composing. His complete Filmography is not available but some details are available.

As a Director 15 films are to his credit-
Chup-31
Mahua-34
Dharm ki Devi-35
Piya ki Jogan-36
mahageet-37
Bhakta jaidev-38
India in Afica-39
Amar Geeti-40
Kabi Joydeb-41
Daasi-44
Banjarey-48
Sree Tulsidas-50
Ghungroo-52
Raami Dhoban-53
Ektara-57

He acted in
Rishir prem-31
Chup-31
Udayer pathe-44
Towards the Light-44
Sesh Raksha-44
Mahageet-37

As a writer-
Meerabai (s/Play and story)-32
Rajrani Meera(story)-33

As a composer
India in Africa-39
Kabi Joydeb-41
Raami Dhoban-53

After directing his last film Ektara in 1957, Hiren Bose lived a retired life. His last few years were mostly unhealthy and he spent time writing lyrics for geets in Bangla which were usually sung by Hemant Kumar, Kanan Bala and Suprova Sarkar.

Hiren Bose died on 18-6-1987 and one of the most versatile, multifaceted and multilingual artist disappeared for ever….

Film Raami Dhoban-53 was a version of the original film on this story- Chandidas, first made in 1932, with Durgadas Bannerjee and Uma Shashi, in Bangla language. This was a first Hit film for New Theatres. The music was by R C Boral. After 2 years, when Saigal came on the film horizon of India, the film was remade with him in the lead, in Hindi, in 1934. This was New Theatre’s first Hindi Hit film. This remake also gave a motion to the ‘Bilingual’ trend, set earlier by Prabhat film company, with its ” Ayodhyecha Raja” in Marathi and ” Ayodhya ka Raja” in Hindi in 1932 itself. This commercially viable and profitable trend continued, both at Bombay and Calcutta, for the next more than 20 years.

These days, there are not just Bilingual, but Multilingual remakes. But the difference is, today a Hit and Successful film in one language made elsewhere, is remade with same story, but different actors and locations. Earlier, on the same set and same time, two language films used to be shot with almost the same cast and location. Even the producer and director used to be the same for both the languages.

The Bangla film Chandidas-32 was directed by Debki Bose and the cinematographer was Nitin Bose. Later, Nitin Bose directed the Hindi remake in 1934 and it was a bigger hit than the Bangla version. This was, of course, because of the wider market for the Hindi version. I am not aware of any other film on this story made in any language in India.

It was almost after 20 years that a new film in Hindi was made on this story of Bangla Vaishnavite saint of the 15th Century. This time the lead was done by yet another Bangla actor Abhi Bhattacharya. The cast of the film Raami Dhoban-53 was Kamini Kaushal, Abhi Bhattacharya, Tiwari, Sankata Prasad, Sona Chatterji, Uma Devi, Prem Adib as a Guest artiste and many others.

Some actors are identified with an immortal character they played on the silver screen, e.g. Prem Adib as Shri Ram, V.Shantaram as Dr.Kotnis, Dev Anand in Guide, Guru Dutt in Pyaasaa, Meena Shorey as the Lara Lappa Girl etc. In my mind, the image of Abhi Bhattacharya is etched as the ideal Teacher in film Jagriti-1954. His face was such that it can not be imagined as a lover boy or a jumping jack running around trees with the Heroines. In film Jagriti, he fitted absolutely in the role of an ideal teacher. He did many types of roles in films, but his image for ever, was clubbed with Jagriti-54.

Abhi Bhattacharya ( 20/11/1922-11/9/1993) had a handsome and impressive personality. Belonging to the Bimal Roy camp,he debuted in 1947 with film Naukadubi from Bombay Talkies- a Bengali dominated production house. Some of his other notable films were Yatrik-52, Jagriti-54, Biraj Bahu-54, Anuradha-60, Aradhana-69, Seeta aur Geeta-72 etc etc. He worked with stalwarts like Bimal Roy, Satyen Bose, Nitin Bose,Guru Dutt, Ritwik Ghatak etc. In the later part of career he worked as Lord Vishnu and lord Shrikrishna in many Mythological films. He wrote one book too,”Destiny with Dadaji”. He acted in 166 films. His last film was ‘Professor ki padosan’-93. He died on 11-9-1993.

The story of the love between Chandidas and Raami was not an ordinary one. The other day I found this story on speakingtree.in, on the internet. Here it is….

Chandidas was the son of a Brahman priest. He was very handsome, charming and of a quiet countenance, but was forever lost in some world of his own. His father, tired of him, died, and Chandidas was forced to succeed him as the purohit of the local temple of a goddess.

Chandidas’ heart was never into these frivolities. He was devoted to Lord Krishna immensely. Then, one day, as he was sitting silently on the banks of the river in their village, his heart filled with sadness and disillusionment at the world. Legend has it that the Devi of the temple of their village appeared there, and told him that he would become a great poet and philosopher.

Then, when he was returning, he beheld a washerwoman washing clothes. When she got up, the two looked at each other, and it was love at first sight.

Chandidas thought that Rami, the washerwoman, was divinely beautiful. She was the source of strength and courage to him, just as Radha had been for Krishna. And this marked the beginning of Chandidas’ poetry.

Chandidas’s brother, who was ashamed of Chandidas because of his romantic involvement with the low-caste Rami, forced him to take part in a shudhikaran ceremony and purge himself of the sin of Rami’s touch. But just at that moment, Rami came, weeping and struggling as guards stopped her. ‘Chandithakur, would you leave me forever for society? Do I have just this much value for you?’

Chandidas was put in a dilemma. Here was the woman he loved like no one else, who always stood by him when people turned on him. And on the other side, the society his father had structured, and the people who revered his family, still stuck in social conventions and stupid rites and traditions.

Chandidas made his decision on the spot. He walked towards Rami, took her hand, and led her away from the village forever. They stopped at the house of Ganesha the singer, where Chandidas and Rami spent the rest of their lives singing hymns for Krishna and Radha.

Chandidas and Rami’s love cannot be described in words. It is a love which transcends all barriers, shatters all conventions, and ends in purity and total abandonment of the world – a spiritual domain. If it has to be compared to someone, then the love of Radha and Krishna stands apt. Like Radha, Rami was beautiful like none. Like Krishna, Chandidas was charming and handsome, but considered only Rami as the star in the soulless sky of his life. But there’s a crucial difference.

Radha and Krishna were separated by society’s cruel hands. Krishna, heeding social conventions, went on and married 8 principal wives and 16000 other women, while Radha was left waiting for him. While Chandidas and Rami, realizing that these norms were but binding cords on their necks, let go of everything and led their lives in perfect freedom and love.

However, the main emotion in both tales is true love, transcendental and all-encompassing. Love which has no trace of any animosity, expectations or jealousy, but is the very nature of the soul. It is this love, this inherent nature we all must strive to realize, and we’ll soon realize the difference this brings in our lives. Maybe, we would one day stare in the face of God!

Today’s song is the 6th song from this film to be discussed here. There were 14 songs in all, a large number indeed, considering that the average of songs in the 50s had come down to almost 6 to 7 songs per film. The song is very melodious. One finds lot of similarity between songs of Hiren Bose and Anil Biswas….may be because both used the folk tunes of Bengal in their music.


Song-Sun sun Dhobiya kahe re dhobaniya (Raami Dhoban)(1953) Singers -Shankar Daasgupta, Geeta Dutt, Lyricist- Ram Murthy Chaturvedi, MD- Hiren Bose
Female chorus
Male chorus
All chorus

Lyrics

chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham chham
siya ram siya ram
ram ram siya ram
ram ram ram ram ram ram
sun sun dhobiya kahe re dhobaniya
sun sun dhobiyaa kahe re dhobaniya
chham chham chham chham chham

duniyaa gol hai
ghoom ghoom kar milte baarambaar
duniyaa gol hai
ghoom ghoom kar milte baarambaar
to phir hil mil kyun na karen
kyun na karen hum pyaar
to phir hil mil kyun na karen
kyun na karen hum pyaar
duniya gol hai
chham chham chham chham
siya ram siya ram
ram ram siya ram
ram ram ram ram ram ram
sun sun dhobiya kahe re dhobaniya
sun sun dhobiyaa kahe re dhobaniya

aa ha ha ha
a aa aa aa
lahron se milke khele machhariya
sajna se mil khele(?) mori najariya
lahron se milke khele machhariya
sajna se mil khele(?) mori najariya
bhaag tore jaage o mori sajni
bhaag tore jaage o mori sajni
bhaag tore jaage hamra balamva ganwaar
haay ram hamara balamava ganwaar

duniyaa gol hai
ghoom ghoom kar milte baarambaar
duniyaa gol hai
chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham

duniyaa gol hai
ghoom ghoom kar milte baarambaar
duniyaa gol hai
ghoom ghoom kar milte baarambaar
to phir hil mil kyun na karen
kyun na karen hum pyaar
to phir hil mil kyun na karen
kyun na karen hum pyaar
duniya gol hai

chham chham chham chham chham
siya ram siya ram
ram ram siya ram
ram ram ram ram ram ram

sun sun dhobiya kahe re dhobaniya
sun sun dhobiya kahe re dhobaniya

kaanha se raadha mile chori chori
waise to bhi(?) mile chhaila se gori
kaanha se raadha mile chori chori
waise to bhi(?) mile chhaila se gori
bhola balmava hamaar o re piya
bhola balamva hamaar
chhup chhup ke khele shikaar
chhup chhup ke khele shikaar

to phir hil mil kyun na karen kyun na karen hum pyaar
to phir hil mil kyun na karen kyun na karen hum pyaar
duniya gol hai
duniya gol hai
chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham chham
hey
chham chham chham chham chham

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Aahuti”(1950) was directed by Kulbhushan for Sansaar Movietone Limited, Bombay. This by now forgotten movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Ranjeet Kumari, sapru, Premkant, Kesari, Bikram Kapoor, Cuckoo, Nautiyal, Sudhir, Pitu, Khan Chaand, Mukul, Ratan Gaurang, Bhajanlal, Shyama, Krishna Rani, Neelam, Indra, Indubala, Uma, Gulnar Shirazi, Kathana etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Anjaana”(1948) was directed by S Popat for Alka Pictures. The movie had Bharat Bhushan, Shalini, Neelam, D. C. Dutt, S. K. Prem etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has more than 15300 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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