Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Morning song’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4943 Post No. : 16801

Today’s song is from the film Maharathi Karna-1944.

Karna is an interesting and a great character from Mahabharat. What most people know about Karna is that he was a ” Daan shoor ” or a great Donor. It is said that no one, who went to him to ask for anything, returned without getting it. There are many stories eulogizing his quality. But karna was much more than just this. He was a great Warrior. Though he was the king of Anga Desh (today’s Bihar/Bengal), he knew that he was indebted to the Kauravas for this honour.

Karna was aware that he was helping those who were in the wrong, but he was helpless in this case. He always felt that a lot of injustice was done to him by Destiny. He knew that he was the illegitimate child born to an unmarried Kunti. This made him the Eldest ” Pandava”, but he was denied his rights due to his birth – a matter which he had no control on! Embittered, he joined the opposition – the Kauravas, who gave him all the honours- only because he was a great Warrior and on their side.

Because of this, Karna had to keep quiet when a helpless Draupadi was being disrobed by his friend Duryodhan, before all the people. Not for anything else, but for this crime, he was killed when he became helpless due to breakage of his Chariot in the midst of the war, in spite of his cry that this was against the war rules- Adharm ! Lord Shrikrishna ensured that he got his punishment.

Those who have read Mahabharat, can you tell whyLord Shri Krishna had entered the Great War but did not fight himself ? Very few persons will know that Shri Krishna entered the great war not to ensure the victory of Pandavas. He had his own agenda. He wanted to ensure that some warriors got their punishment for their sins.

Duryodhana was killed because he disrobed a helpless woman, Jayadrath was killed because he was responsible for the death of Abhiumanyu in the Chakravyuh, Bhishma was kept on arrow-bed to see his kin getting killed before his eyes, for keeping quiet when Draupadi was disrobed, Dhritrashtra had to bear all his 100 sons killed because he never stopped them from doing sins. Not only Kauravas, but even Arjun, Yudhishthir, Balram etc got punished in other ways during the great war.

Film ” Maharathi Karna ” was also made in 1928 in the Silent era. The role of Karna was done by Balasaheb Yadav in that film. The film was directed by Damle and Fattelal, for Basburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film company. Bhalji Pendharkar was the assistant Director. This story of Karna fascinated him so much that at the first opportunity he remade this film, under his own Banner.

Besides the story, there was one more reason to make this film. When the silent film was being made in 1928, Bhalji first met Leela Chandragiri, his consort of many years. Ofcourse she was in her teens then, Later she got married and had children too before they came together again at a later time. In this film in 1944, Leela had an important role. One more actor – Indurao T Nimbalkar had acted in the Silent film of 1928. He was called again to do the same role in the 1944 film too.

Bhalji Perndharkar had initial training in Baburao Painter’s Maharashtra Film Company and later in Shantaram’s Prabhat Film company. So his basics were well founded. Shri BHALJI PENDHARKAR ( 03 May 1897 – 26 November 1994 ), was Film Director, Writer, Producer & Actor, of Marathi and Hindi films. Bhal ji Pendharkar (Bhalchandra Gopal Pendharkar) was the son of Dr.Gopal Pendharkar, the Royal Physician of Shahu Maharaj of Kolhapur state and his partner Radhabai. Dr. Gopal was already married to another lady. This couple gave birth to Bhalji and Baburao Pendharkar. Their mother Radhabai left Dr. Gopal Pendharkar and married Damodar Karnataki. They had two sons- Master Vinayak (father of Baby Nanda), famous actor, director, producer and a studio owner and his brother Vasudev- who became a Cameraman. Kamalabai, the younger sister of Radhabai married Rajaram Vankudre and they had 2 sons- V.Shantaram, famous actor, director,producer and a studio owner and his brother V. Awadhoot- equally famous Cinematographer.

Prabhat Film company shifted to Poona, but actress Leela Chandragiri chose to stay back in Kolhapur and decided to work with Bhalji Pendharkar. They became attracted to each other and got married. Leela had a son (Jaysingh) and a daughter(Madhavi- who married Marathi author Ranjit Desai. She also wrote one book.) already, but Bhalji adopted both children and gave them father’s love. Even Bhalji had one son from his first marriage-Prabhakar. Later, when they built their own studio, it was given the name Jayprabha. It combined his two sons’ names, JAYsingh and PRABHAkar.

During the riots in 1948, arising after Gandhi’s death, their Jayprabha studio was burnt, because Bhalji was a Brahmin. However, within few years he built it again. After Bhalji’s death the studio was purchased by Lata Mangeshkar.

Bhalji started his career in the era of silent films. He was associated with Prabhat Film Company’s earliest talkies, and also worked with other studios in hometown of Kolhapur. Later he acquired his own studio in the form of Jayprabha Studio and became a film producer and director. He also wrote lyrics for some film songs in Marathi. His more famous films are: Netaji Palkar, Thoratanchi Kamala, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Mohityanchi Manjula, Maratha Tituka Melvava, Sadhi Manse, Tambdi Maati. Hindi: Maharathi Karna, Valmiki, Chhatrapati Shivaji, Ganimi Kawa. He directed 9 Hindi films from 1932 to 1952.

A few years before his death, Bhalji was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award by the Indian Government in 1991.

Bhalji had two wives. One of whom, Leela Chandragiri, acted and sang in Hindi and Marathi films in 1930s and 40s, under the name Miss Leela. Bhalji’s son Prabhakar Pendharkar (1933 – 2010) was associated with making of Do Aankhen Barah Haath in 1950s, wrote the book रारंगढांग, and was author-director of noteworthy documentaries. Bhalji’s daughter Madhavi (? – 2013) author of ‘Naach Ga Ghuma’, was wife of renowned Marathi author Ranjeet Desai.

The cast of film Maharathi Karna-1944 was Prithviraj, Durga Khote, Leela, Nimbalkar, Shahu Modak, K N Singh, Swarnalata, Vasantrao pehelwan etc etc. Let us know more about this Nimbalkar. I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu Maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu Maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra-32, Sinhagadh-23 etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’-38, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra-46, Subah ka tara-54, Parchhain-52, Teen batti char rasta-53, Toofan aur Diya-56, Z Z Payal baje-55. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein-47, Prarthana-44,Nal Damayanti-45, Seedha Rasta-41, Gokul-46, Apna Ghar-42, Maharathi karna-44, Seeta Swayamvar-48. He worked in Pyasa-57, Mera Naam Joker-70, Amar Prem-60 etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu Moshoi, in addition to my notes, HFGK, muVyz, CRTWF, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and Film India magazines).

There were only 6 songs in the film, composed by K.Datta aka Datta Korgaonkar. Today’s song is the 2nd song to feature here.


Song- Jaago Krishna muraari giridhaari(Maharathi Karna)(1944) Singers- Rajkumari ,unknown male voice, Lyricist- Pt. Shiv Kumar, MD- Datta Korgaonkar

Lyrics

Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o
Jaago o o o o
o o o o
o o o o

jaago Krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee ee
ee ee ee ee
jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
nar naari pashu panchhi jaage
laage ?? dwaar
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
bachuwa bachhia tumhen pukaare
jaago hey nandlal
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
giridhaari
saanwariya
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
ujhak jharokhe sooraj aaye
kirnon ke naina lalchaaye
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
ae
ae ae ae
bin darshan phulwa murjhaaye
darshan do banwaari
ab jaago
ab jaago kunjbihaari
girdhaari
saanwariyaa
girdhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee

main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
main go ras duh kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
prem bhaav bhar kar laayi hoon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
oon oon oon oon
naath jagaane ko aayi hoon
bhor huyi sukhkaari
ab jaago
ab jaago krishn muraari
giridhaari
saanwariyaa
giridhaari
ee ee ee
ee ee ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4899 Post No. : 16701

Songs from Artiste Name Films….Second Season….No. 10
—————————————————————–

Today this series ends with a song from film Durga-1939. No prizes for guessing the name of the star of today’s post. Of course it is Durga Khote. Though she was not a part of this film, still I chose her, because lovers of old films know her too well, but as she ended her career almost 40 years ago, readers in the age group of 50-60 may not know her too well.

Film Durga – 1939 was made by Bombay Talkies, owned by Devika Rani and Himanshu Rai. The cast of the film Durga-39 consisted of Devika Rani, Rama Shukul, V H Desai, Mumtaz Ali, Peethawala, Saroj Borkar, Balwant singh, Lalita Deulkar etc. The film was directed by Franz Osten and the music was by Saraswati Devi. The year was 1939 and inits month of September, the World War started. It did affect Indian film industry too, but the effects were felt from 1940 onwards. In 1939, the industry was trying to free itself from the shackles of stage drama type music, an unnecessary stress on making films on Mythology and Folk tales and old styles of loud acting. New blood had flown in, replacing the spill over of silent movie actors and themes.

The year was 1939 and the British Government had declared war against Germany and Japan, as soon as the WW II began. All countries ruled by Britain were – willingly or unwillingly, drawn into the war efforts and its effects. The war began in the month of September and soon various restrictions came into operation – like rationing, blackouts, shortages etc. The film industry which was still under its development stage suffered. It also realised the importance of remaining united as one industry. However, all that came after 1 or 2 years. In 1939 there was not much effect seen on the film industry.

The industry had its own problems. In spite of the playback system in operation, their problem was that because there was no technique of recording from the film negative yet, the singers had to sing twice. Once for the actual film shooting of the song, and later, with the same set of orchestra, for commercial records. Sometimes, the original singer was not available due to any reason, some other singer had to sing for commercial records. Thus we have many such examples, where the singer in the film song and the record is different. However, this problem continued only till mid 50’s when the Tape and the required technique became available. With just one time recording, the film and commercial recording were taken care of.

Khemchand Prakash. K.Datta (Datta Koregaonkar), Rafiq Ghaznavi and Anupam Ghatak made their Debut as Music Directors. Kavi Pradeep wrote his first film song for film Kangan. In 1939, 2 most Unusual songs were presented, for the first time ( and this record is not yet broken even after more than 80 years.). One was a Multi-Lingual song from film Aadmi-39, a film by Prabhat….Kis liye kal ki baat. This song was in Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Gujarati, Bangla, Tamil and Telugu. ( In its Marathi film version-” माणूस “, this song was only in one language-Marathi.) Different Lyricists and MDs were used for each language. The song became very popular.

Second unusual song was from film ‘ Ghareeb ka Laal’-1939. The song lyrics had the names of 32 artistes, operating in Hindi films that time. Top Heroes and Heroines were mentioned in this song. The beginning of the song was ” Tuze Bibbo kahoon ya Sulochana, Uma shashi kahoon ki Jamuna “. This song was sung by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. In later years many songs with film artistes’ names came but none had so many names. Thus this record is still unbroken, in case of both songs.

Besides these songs, let us quickly take a look at some films of 1939….

Aadmi – Prabhat’s hit film, a remake of the Marathi film ” माणूस “. It had some good songs by Shanta Hublikar, Sundarabai Jadhav and Ram Marathe.

Adhuri Kahani – a trend of Tragedy films set by the effect of film ‘Devdas’. All the 3 main characters of this film commit suicide in the end.

Badi Didi – A New Theatres film.

Brandy ki Botal – Master Vinayak’s comedy remake of Marathi film ‘ ब्रॅंडीची बाटली ‘.

Dil hi to hai – Debut of Kidar Sharma as a Director and Ramola as a Heroine in a Hindi film.

Dushman – New Theatres’ film of Saigal, with only his 4 songs.

Ek hi Raasta – Sagar presents first film with 3 Heroes in one film.

Ghazi Salauddin – Debut of Khemchand Prakash as M.D.

Hukum ka Ikka – First film with a Triple role by Umakant Desai ( who later specialised as Lakshman in 7 films, including Ramrajya-43).

Imaandaar – Debut of actress Shamim Akhtar.

India in Africa – This was the First Hindi film to be shot abroad (in Africa). The Hero B. Nandrekar had also gone to Africa for its shooting. Naaz-54 was not the first such film, though HFGK mentions it so.( Ref – pp 69, Maharashtra-The Birthplace of Indian cinema by Isak Mujawar)

Kangan – First of the 4 Hit films of Ashok kumar and Leela Chitnis, made by Bombay Talkies. Kavi Pradeep’s Debut as a Lyricist in this film.

Kapal kundala – New Theatres. Pankaj mullick’s hit song ‘ Piya milan ko jaana ‘.

Leather Face – Debut of Meena kumari as a child artiste.

Navjeevan – Debut of Hansa Wadkar as a Heroine- Bombay Talkies film.

Pukar – Hit film from Minerva Movietone. Naseem Bano sings ” Zindagi ka saaz bhi kya saaz hai….”

As stated in the beginning, today’s star is Durga Khote. She was one of the most respected artistes from the early cinema. In her glorious and non-controversial career of over 50 years, she acted in 183 films and sang 35 songs in 14 early cinemas. At the end of her career, she wrote her autobiography in Marathi ” मी दुर्गा खोटे “, which was later translated into English by Shanta Gokhale. This book ( along with ” चंदेरी दुनियेत ” by Leela Chitnis ) is an authentic chronicle of Indian film industry development from infancy to adulthood, in addition to personal details.

Durga Khote (14 January 1905 − 22 September 1991) was one of the foremost leading ladies of her times, she remained active in Hindi and Marathi cinema, as well as theatre, for over 50 years, starring in 182 Hindi films and numerous theatre productions. In 2000, in a millennium issue, India Today named her among “100 People Who Shaped India”, noting: “Durga Khote marks the pioneering phase for women in Indian Cinema” as she was one of the first women from respectable families to enter the film industry, thus breaking a social taboo.

She also ranks among the top ten actresses in mother roles in Hindi cinema, most notable among them were as Jodhabai in K. Asif’s Mughal-e-Azam (1960); as Kaikeyi in Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942); her other memorable roles as mother were in Charnon Ki Dasi (1941); Mirza Ghalib; Bobby (1973) and Bidaai (1974). She has received the highest award in Indian cinema, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1983), for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.

Khote was born as Vitha Lad, to a family which hailed from Goa and spoke Konkani at home. Her father’s name was Pandurang Shamrao Lad and her mother’s name was Manjulabai. She grew up in a large joint family in Kandewadi. She was educated at Cathedral High School and St. Xavier’s College where she studied for B.A. While still a college-going teenager, she married into the Khote family and settled down with her husband. By the age of 26, Durga Khote was a widowed mother with two young sons; Bakul and Harin. She had to seek work in film to support her children. In doing so, she became a pioneer of sorts: She hailed from a traditional family and the film industry was regarded as the preserve of the base and the bawdy. Also, most of the female characters were played by men at the time.

Durga Khote debuted in a minor role in the obscure 1931 Talkie film Farebi Jaal or trapped, by M. Bhavnani. She had to sing 3 songs also in this film. Followed by Maya Machindra (1932) by Prabhat Film company.. She was soon promoted to play heroine in the 1932 double version (Hindi and Marathi) Ayodhyecha Raja, another Prabhat film, which was the first ever Marathi talkie, and proved to be a runaway hit, where she played the role of Rani Taramati. Indeed, she ventured yet another pioneering trend: Despite working closely with the Prabhat Film Company, she broke away from the “studio system” (exclusive contract with a studio to work in its films on a monthly salary) then in vogue and became one of the first “freelance” artistes of that era by working occasionally with the New Theatres, East India Film Co. (both at Calcutta), and Prakash Pictures.

In 1936, she played Saudamini in Amar Jyoti, which is one of her most memorable roles. The characters played by her were very much like her regal personality and she commanded a screen presence even in front of legendary actors like Chandra Mohan, Sohrab Modi and Prithviraj Kapoor. In 1937, she produced and directed a film titled Saathi ( Sawangadi in Marathi), making her one of the first women to step into this role in Indian cinema. The 40s opened for her in a big way, with award-winning performances in Aacharya Atre’s Payachi Dasi (Marathi) and Charnon Ki Dasi (Hindi) (1941) and Vijay Bhatt’s classic Bharat Milap (1942), both of which got her the BFJA Best Actress Award for two consecutive years.

Durga Khote remained active in the theatre circuit for many years, especially the Marathi theatre in Mumbai. She was actively associated with the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA) and worked in several plays for the Mumbai Marathi Sahitya Sangh. In 1954, she famously performed the role of Lady Macbeth in V.V. Shirwadkar’s Marathi adaptations of Macbeth, as Rajmukut, (The Royal Crown), along with Nanasaheb Phatak.

Durga Khote played a wide variety of roles over a career that was not only long, but also untouched by scandal. She was the inspiration for several generations of Indian actresses, including veterans such as the late Shobhna Samarth, who frequently spoke of how she had been inspired by Khote’s example. During later years, she played several important character roles, such as the mother of the protagonist. Her portrayal of Jodhabai, the queen of Akbar torn between duty towards her husband and love towards her son in Mughal-e-Azam (1960) was well received. In 1963, she acted in Merchant Ivory’s debut film The Householder (1963).

She went on to play other widely appreciated character roles in later movies, such as the role of the grandmother of the heroine in Bobby (1973), the hero’s aunt in Abhimaan (1973), and the very memorable Bidaai (1974), where she played a mother, a very sensitive role that can make one cry and received the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award. Her final memorable role was in Subhash Ghai’s Karz (1980), where she played the role of the mother of Raj Kiran and later, mother to Rishi Kapoor, who played the role of Raj Kiran’s reincarnation after the screen death of Raj Kiran in the movie.

She acted in 182 Hindi films in her career. Her last film as an actress was Daulat ka Dushman-1983. She had also sung 32 songs in 13 films. Her last song was in the film Panna Dai-1945. By the 1980s she successfully diversified into production of short films, ad films and documentaries by setting up Fact Films and later, Durga Khote Productions, which produced the Doordarshan TV series Wagle Ki Duniya.

Durga Khote was married when she was a teenager to Vishwanath Khote, a gentleman of her own caste and similar social background, in a match arranged by their parents in the usual Indian manner. It was a traditional marriage into an orthodox family, the couple lived a harmonious and happy life, and the marriage was blessed with two sons. Vishwanath was a mechanical engineer who had graduated from Banaras Hindu University. His family was upper middle class and professional, with modern English education and high social standing; his ancestors had been prominent bankers.

Unfortunately, Vishwanath Khote died young, when Durga was barely into her 20s. She and her sons continued to reside with her in-laws, as is traditional in India, but she was not comfortable with her dependent position, especially because her father-in-law was no more, and they were dependent on other family members for their expenses. She thus felt impelled to make a living any which way she could, and the opening in films happened entirely by chance. The fact that she came from a modern and English-educated family meant that, even as a widow, she was able to act in films, which was derided as a disreputable profession in those days.

She thus raised her two sons, Bakul and Harin, single-handedly. Both of them went on to become well-settled in life. But she suffered the loss of her son Harin, who predeceased her and died in his 40s. Harin was married to Vijaya Jaywant, and they were the parents of two sons. After Harin’s early death, his widow married a Parsi man named Farrokh Mehta and became famous as the film-maker Vijaya Mehta.

Durga Khote’s grandchildren (children of Bakul and Harin) include her grandson Ravi, a filmmaker; granddaughter Anjali Khote, an actress; and grandson Deven Khote, a successful producer who is one of the co-founders of UTV, and who has also directed a film. Deven Khote is noted for producing films such as Jodhaa Akbar and Life in a Metro.

Durga Khote’s brother-in-law, Nandu Khote (brother of Vishwanath), was a noted stage and silent movie actor. Two of Nandu’s children also became actors in the film industry. His son Viju Khote (1941-2019) was an actor perhaps best known for his role of “Kalia” in Sholay (1975). Nandu’s daughter is the actress Shubha Khote, who debuted in Seema (1955) and worked as a heroine in several films before moving to character roles. Still later, she moved to directing and producing Marathi films and also entered television in the 90s. Shubha’s daughter, Bhavana Balsavar, is also an award-winning TV actress who appeared in sitcoms like Dekh Bhai Dekh and Zabaan Sambhalke before deciding to settle down and raise a family. Thus, the acting profession which was pioneered by Durga Khote in her family has been fully embraced by her late husband’s family.

Later in life, Durga Khote wrote an autobiography in Marathi, entitled Mee, Durga Khote, which was translated into English as I, Durga Khote, and moved to Alibaug, near Mumbai. Durga Khote died in Mumbai on 22 September 1991. ( Thanks to her autobiography, wiki,muVyz and my notes.)

This ends my series on Artistes, on whose names film titles existed. This is of course only indicative and not exhaustive one. I wrote only on 20 such artistes, but still about 30+ such films are remaining, most of which are not available with their songs on the social media.

I had plans to revive some more old series again, but readers’ poor response does not motivate me to do so. Still, who knows…….


Song- Ab jaago Radha Rani (Durga)(1939) Singer- Balwant Singh, Lyricist- Narottam Vyas, MD-Saraswati Devi

Lyrics

Ab jaago Radha Rani
Ab jaago Radha Rani

?? bhayi ab hua sawera
jage jagat ke praani
ab jaago Radha Rani

?? bhayi ab hua sawera
jage jagat ke praani
ab jaago Radha Rani
ab jaago Radha Rani

sapne mein ??
sapne mein ??
?? prem kahaani
sapne mein ??
?? prem kahaani
ab jaago Radha Rani
ab jaago Radha Rani

nadi kinaare Kaanh tumhaare
nadi kinaare Kaanh tumhaare
bhar bansi mein baani
nadi kinaare ?? tumhaare
bhar bansi mein baani
?? aaye ??
ab jaago Radha Rani

?? des mein ??
??
ab jaago Radha Rani
ab jaago Radha Rani


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4104 Post No. : 15255 Movie Count :

4192

Today’s song is from film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). This is the first song of this film to be discussed here. I am surprised how this film was not featured on the blog so far, because songs of this film have been on You Tube for quite some time. May be, because the entire team of this mythological film was from Marathi film industry and the names of producer, director, MD, or the cast were not familiar to the most people. It is because this was a bilingual film, made first in Marathi as ‘Gokulcha Raja’ (गोकुळचा राजा) way back in 1950 and the Hindi version was released only in 1954.

Made by Yashodhan Chitra, Bombay for producers Nana Bapat and Haribhau Guruji, the film was directed by a well known Marathi Director – Bal Gajbar. He had earlier directed another bilingual Hindi-Marathi film ‘Sandesh’ (1952) and before that yet another bilingual ‘Mere Laal’ (1948) (माझं बाळ in Marathi). Bal Gajbar had directed few Kannada films too, like ‘Vichitra Prapancha’ (1955). Before becoming a director, he was an art director with V Shantaram’s Rajkamal Kala Mandir.

All songs of the film were written by YN Joshi. The Music Director was Shridhar Parsekar – a name very few people will remember. I wrote about him first time in my series “Less Known Composers”, on 17-12-2012, seven years ago. Not much was known about him then. In January 2017, Sadanand Kamath ji wrote on him. In last nearly 3 years, some new information has become available on him, so his bio data is now updated further. As the new sources give new information, the history keeps on updating itself. This is a regular process of nature.

Hindi film music is like an ocean. As many rivers merge into the ocean at various stages, regional music from various parts of India is assimilated in HFM (Hindi Film Music).

Initially it was the Marathi stage/natya sangeet and Parsee Theatre which influenced HFM. In the East, it was Robindra Sangeet and Nazrul Geeti made the basis of film songs. In the Lahore centre it was the Punjabi style after ‘Khazanchi’ (1941).

After Partition and polarisation of film production language wise, it was BOMBAY, which became the centre for HFM and it was a wonderful mixture of music specialties from all over the country. There were many successful Music Directors in India. I remember a famous quotation – “Behind every successful man there is a woman.”

Can you tell me,who is behind every successful Music Director ? I am sure many of us do not have the answer.

The answer is THE ARRANGER.

Now, who is this arranger? Some have a vague idea, some may even think, he is the person who arranges song recordings and the musicians.

An arranger is the SOUL of film music. Once the composer conceives the tune for a song, he tells it to the arranger, who immediately makes its notations (writing music or Swar Lipi), which a properly schooled musician can read and play. Arranger also decides the instruments and their placements in the song. Most of the arrangers in the Film Industry were from Goa, where traditionally Jazz music was very popular.

A typical Goan likes to live life – ‘sushegaat’– which loosely means ‘araam se‘ or a carefree life. Their philosophy is eat, drink and be merry. This merry part includes Music.

Goa has given many musicians to India. Lata/Asha are  from Mangeshi – Goa, though the family had shifted to Kolhapur, MDs Dattaram (Wadkar) and N Datta (Datta Naik), Singers Kishori Amonkar, Kesarbai Kerkar, Shobha Mudgal, Hema Sardesai, Prabhakar Karekar, Remo Fernandez, Lorna are from Goa. (The list is only indicative, not exhaustive).

Most Arrangers were from Goa —-

Anthony Gonsalves from Majorda, Goa. He worked for Naushad,OP Nayyar and LP. The famous song “My Name Is Anthony Gonsalves” is a tribute by LP to him. He had taught Pyaarelal so many things including notations.

Chic Chocolate aka Anthony Vaz from Aldona, Goa. He worked for C Ramchandra mainly.

Chris Perry worked for Khayyam, RD Burman, Kalyanji Anandji, and Laxmikant Pyaarelal.

Frank Fernando – Anil Biswas, Kishore Kumar, Roshan, C Ramchandra.

Sebastian D’Souza from Bicholim, Goa – worked for Shanker Jaikishen from 1952 to 1975, and also OP Nayyar.

Most of the players of western instruments in the orchestras were from Goa.

From this crop of musicians from Goa, there was one outstanding musician – SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR, who was a singer, a famous violin player, composer of many Marathi songs/films/dramas and few Hindi films. He was an expert in playing almost 10 different instruments.

SHRIDHAR PARSEKAR was born in 1920 in Goa. From the childhood he was a lover of music and learnt classical music, first from his uncle Parshuram Buwa Parsekar and he was trained by him in playing various instruments like harmonium, jaltarang, tabla and violin. He was a disciple of Gajanan Buwa Joshi a noted musician. He operated a vand in Bardez, Goa and played violin, clarinet, harmonium and many other instruments. He was a genius and soon became famous for playing violin.

He came to Bombay and continued learning music here under many well known gurus, like Khadeem Hussain Khan, Natthan Khan and Anwar Hussain. Soon he was performing in stage shows doing jugalbandis with stars of the day like Ravi Shanker, Vilayat Khan and Akbar Ali Khan. Kishen Maharaj was very pleased with him. For some time he joined AIR Bombay as a musician and got friendly with Ustad Alla Rakha who also worked in AIR. RG Ramnathkar, who got him the AIR job, also taught him many Raaga/Raaginis. Parsekar worked at AIR for 6 years.

Later he worked as asst. to Music Director Annasaheb Mainkar and then started as MD for Marathi Films and stage dramas. His music in dramas like ‘Bhakta Damaji’, ‘Paisa Bolto Ahe’, ‘Kuber’ and ‘Kanyadaan’ was very popular. He also recorded many bhavgeets and natyageets from reputed singers in Marathi. HMV and Odeon published his records. Singers like Jyotsna Bhole, Saraswati Rane, Hirabai Badodekar, Vatsala Kumthekar and Master Krishnarao Chonkar also sang for him. One of his songs- “Vithal Vithal Gajari, Awaghi Dum Dumali Pandhari” ( “विठ्ठल विठ्ठल गजरी, अवघी दुमदुमली पंढरी” ) from ‘Bhakta Damaji’ is so popular that it is sold even today.

With Marathi films, recording of private songs, stage shows with prominent musicians, Shridhar had every happiness with him. He had a bungalow, cars, bank balance, name, fame and plenty of demand. He wrote a book on music – ‘Swar Ninad‘.

And then it happened !

He became an alcoholic. Normally, a person becomes alcoholic when he is unsuccessful. But this was an opposite case. While on the top of success he became an alcoholic. He used to drink day and night.

Once there was a jugalbandi programme with Ustad Vilayat Khan. Shridhar came fully drunk to the theatre. Vilayat Khan scolded him and left the show. Such things kept on happening, leading to his downfall. He stopped getting work and all his wealth, house, cars etc. was sold for liquor. His condition was such that he would play violin on streets and earn money. Lata Mangeshkar has narrated an incident, which I read in a book ‘From Noorjehan to Lata’ by Isak Mujawar. The book says…

“One day Lata’s car stopped in the traffic. Out of curiosity she peeped out to see what happened. There was a person in tattered clothes playing a violin beautifully and people had gathered to listen to him. Some people gave him alms. She asked the driver if he knew that person. The driver replied that it was Parsekar Buwa. She got down, went to Parsekar and told him to come with her. She will look after him now. On this, Parsekar replied that her father had asked him to look after their family, which he could not do, so why should she look after him. If she wanted to help, just give some money. She gave him 50 rupees and he almost ran away from there – probably to the wine shop !“

Finally Shridhar Parsekar died of liver cirrhosis on 10-9-1964 !  He was only 44 years old !!  Such a brilliant artist wasted by alcohol. So sad ! Pt Ravi Shankar and Vilayat Khan had personally met his family after his death, so much was the respect for his talent !!

In addition to 7 Marathi films, Shridhar Parsekar gave music to five Hindi films – ‘Nagad Narayan’ (1943), ‘Mahakavi Kalidas’ (1944), ‘Meri Amanat’ (1947), ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ (1948) and ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ (1954). He composed 45 songs in these films. He sang 5 songs in 2 films, ‘Andhon Ka Sahara’ and ‘Gokul Ka Raja. Many famous singers sang for him, like, Minakshi, Khan Mastana, Rajkumari, Master Krishnarao, Mohantara, Vinodini Dikshit etc.

(Information from these sources also used herein- Marathi Chitrapat Sangeetkar Kosh, Marathi Cinema in Retrospect by Sanjit Narwekar, Purvasurinche Soor by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar and the book ‘Kalatmak Gomantak’ – Kala Academy, Panji – 1972) .

The cast of the film consisted of Dwarakanath, Ratnamala, Chandrakant, Gauri, Hanumanta, Angre etc.

I do not know anything about actor Dwarakanath. Never heard of his name before or after this film ever. Actor Chandrakant was Chandrakant Mandhare (real name Gopal) – the elder brother of the more popular brother Suryakant. These two brothers ruled the Marathi cinema from the late 40s to the 60s.

Gauri was originally Tanibai Dawari, who was active in Prabhat from the silent era. She became famous because of her role of Awali – the shrew wife of Sant Tukaram in that film in 1936. I have recently written in details about her, only last month. As far as the heroine Ratnamala is concerned, how many of us really know anything about this actress. It is surprising that a very lovely and beautiful actress, who was heroine of about 20 films in the 40s and has about 300 films to her credit, remains practically unknown. She was the heroine with Saraswati Cinetone, Prabhat Film Company, Sagar, Ranjit, Prakash Pictures etc. – all well known banners. She was in films for 50+ years and was a famous name in Marathi films of Dada Kondke.

Its a great pity that hardly any or no information about her is available in books, encyclopedias, wiki or on internet. When all sources of information come to a dead end, I turn to Harish Raghuwanshi ji of Surat and I am never disappointed. Here, I provide a short bio-data of Ratnamala, based principally on the articles given by Harish ji. Thanks, Harish ji.

She was born as Kamal Bhivandkar on 22-6-1923 in Bombay. Her father was Auditor of Central Bank, Bombay. She was good looking and could sing well. From the age of 14 years, she went on the stage of several Ganesh Melas prevalent in those times. She earned 5-10 rupees per performance. Due to family’s financial problems, she started looking for work. She was proficient in Marathi, Gujarati, English and Urdu languages. In 1938, she was picked up by Dada Torne of Sarswati Cinetone, Poona, who cast her as Heroine in Marathi film ‘Bhagwa Zenda’. Seeing her performance, she was taken by Prabhat Film Company for the Marathi version of their film ‘Das Baje’ (1942). Torne had renamed her as Ratnamala.

Vijay Bhatt of Prakash Pictures offered her a role in film ‘Bharat Milap’ (1942), when Kusum Deshpande selected for the role of Bharat’s wife fell ill. Seeing her performance, she was selected as a heroine for film ‘Station Master’ (1942). Here too the original heroine Jyoti fell ill. Then came ‘Panghat’ (1943), ‘Police’ (1944), ‘Kavita’ (1944) etc. She acted in many mythological films also. Some of her well known films were ‘Dholak’, ‘Maya Bazaar’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Bhabhi Ki Chudiyan’, ‘Faulad’, ‘Woh kaun thi’, ‘Nishaan’, ‘Bahu Beti’, ‘Mera Saayaa’, ‘Raaz’, ‘Saraswati Chandra’, ‘Brahmachari’, ‘Upahaar’, ‘Seeta aur Geeta’, ‘Nastik’ etc.

She acted in 130 Hindi films and many more Marathi films. Later she did side roles. She became famous as mother of Dada Kondke in 11 of his films. She was called ‘Aaye’ (आये )  in the Marathi films of Kondke.

Ratnamala was married to Raja Pandir, producer director of Marathi films, when she was very young. As Ratnamala became successful and Raja became a failure, their marriage came on rocks. She had one son – Jaikumar, who had also acted in one film. Unfortunately, he died suddenly in an accident. Ratnamala lived in her own bungalow in Andheri, Bombay, along with her foster son – Ramesh. Ratnamala died of heart attack on 23rd January 1989.

Today’s song is the first song sung by Shridhar Parsekar that is being presented. One can easily make out from his clear voice, impeccable pronunciations and the classical singing style that the singer is trained in classical music and is a knowledgeable person. With this song the film ‘Gokul Ka Raja’ and singer Shridhar Parsekar are making their debut on this Blog.

Song – Mangal Prabhat Jaage Surya Kiran Sang (Gokul Ka Raja) (1954) Singer – Sridhar Parsekar, Lyrics – YN Joshi, MD – Sridhar Parsekar

Lyrics

jaa..aa..aa..aage ae ae ae
jaage ae ae ae

jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage

go dhan amrit varsha karta..aa..aa
aaaaa aaaa aaaa aaaa
go dhan amrit varsha karta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
sukh saurabh gokul mein jharta
baal gopal
baal gopal charaayen gaayen
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
madhu murli jiya laage
laage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage

surya kiran sang
gokul mein rang
navjeevan anuraage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
mangal prabhat jaage
jaage
jaa..aa..aa..aage

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे ए ए ए
जागे ए ए ए

जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता॰॰आ॰॰आ
आsss आsss आsss आsss
गो धन अमृत वर्षा करता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
सुख सौरभ गोकुल में झरता
बाल गोपाल
बाल गोपाल चराएं गाएँ
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मधु मुरली जिया लागे
लागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे

सूर्य किरण संग
गोकुल में रंग
नवजीवन अनुरागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे
मंगल प्रभात जागे
जागे

जा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आगे


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Blog Day :

4018 Post No. : 15127 Movie Count :

4154

In the blog, Sudhir Jee sometimes describes me as Ranchiwala Gaanewaala.

I have spent the formative years of my life in Ranchi. But when I think about it now, I find that the last time I visited Ranchi was in 1991 ! So it has been 28 years since I lost touch with Ranchi ! More than a quarter of a century !

I would dearly love to go to Ranchi and relive my memories of that place. It will be an emotional, sentimental and nostalgic visit whenever I go there.

But do I have to actually go there to relive the memories of that place ? Now a days it is possible to try and relive those memories online as well. So, I tried to see if I could relive some of my memories through online technologies.

My father was a railwayman who joined Railways in 1958, before I was born. He was posted in Ranchi. Initially he lived here and there in rented accomodations and finally he got a railway quarter in Ranchi railway colony in 1964. He retained this quarter till 1992. It was vacated after he retired.

So, this small quarter in Ranchi was my base for more than a quarter of a century. Of course, I had left Ranchi in 1983 to pursue Engineering (in Railways itself).

I studied upto class V in one school. It only had classes upto V, so later I was admitted to another school from where I passed my matriculation in 1978. Then I joined college. So these were the three places where I went to study while at Ranchi.

On searching online, I found a few photographs of Ranchi Railway station and I noticed that the main building of Ranchi Railway station was virtually unchanged from what it was in 1970s.

I fired up google earth and zeroed it in to Ranchi Railway station. On zooming it in, I began to see many familiar locations. On North of the Railway station, there was a playground. It was Railway sports ground, now called SERSA (South Eastern Railway Sports Association) stadium. Till 1970s, it was an open field where buffaloes used to roam all around. When I used to commute between my home and school on foot, I would take this route (via the sports ground) while returning. In case some football matches were going on in the evening, I would stop and start watching the football match, postponing my return to home. 🙂

One Railway inter departmental football tournament was held during december 1974 and its final was played on 1 january 1975. There was a good crowd to watch the final, and naturally I too was there. The team that I was supporting (it was the team belonging to my father’s department) played well, but the opposition team, despite being outclassed on the field, managed to emerge winners, much to my disappointment. The teams were awarded by the Chief Guest and his wife. I wondered why he was the chief guest. Much later I came to know that he was the chief guest because he was the boss of Adra Division (Ranchi Railway station was under Adra division). His designation was Division Superintendent. Now this designation is changed to Divisional Railway Manager. The gentleman who was the DS was from the same service to which I would belong more than one decade later. I met that gentleman, named S M Bhargava much later in 1990s when I was posted in Secunderabad and he was settled there after retirement.

On google earth, I could also locate my school where I studied upto matriculation. This school has since been relocated to another far off place and it has been converted as an Ashram. The locals opposed this move, but the school authorities succeeded in converting it into an Ashram. On zooming the place, I could locate my erstwhile school (now an ashram). I could see the place which used to be our playground within the school, where we would play during lunch break.

Likewise, I was able to locate my earlier school and also my college on google earth.

What about locating my quarter ?

I zoomed in to the area south of Railway Station. I got disillusioned and disappointed because the area appeared totally unfamiliar. So what has happened. Has the Railway colony been totally changed and rendered unrecognisable ? I felt despondent and thought that a major part of my younger days has been robbed off.

Then I braced myself, and began to look again. This time I began to look with more concentration and this time I started to recognise places. Then I zeroed in to a place which had to be my quarter which was my base for 28 years. I compared it with other landmark. I became more and more convinced that this is indeed the place. I could recognise the other landmarks as well.

The quarter indicated with hand was my place.
When I looked at adjacent quarters, I recalled the persons who stayed in those quarters. I also located the river (Harmu River) that flowed may be 200 metres from the quarter.

What about my neighbours in the colony ? Can I locate some of them online. Likewise, what about my school mates, college mates ? Is it possible to locate someone.

I realised that locating the neighbours would be a tall order. I knew them mostly by their nicknames, not by their actual names. And in most cases, I was not even aware about thei names.

I decided that my best (and only) bet was to locate Josephs. Mr Joseph lived on the quarter adjacent to our quarter. He was a Railway driver. In one of my nostalgia pieces, I have mentioned that some of my neighbourhood kid used to have the best quality hoop made out of steam locomotive piston rings. I was talking about the Joseph kids.

How do I locate these Joseph Kids ? The one kid in my age group was known to us by his nickname of Chikkoo. But what was his real name ? I wrecked my brain, and remembered that his “school” name was Christopher. So I looked for Christopher Joseph on facebook. I located one, who had mentioned that he lived at Ranchi. I remembered that the Joseph’s had bought plot near the railway colony and had built their home there as Mr Joseph was nearing retirement in early 1990s. So it made sense that Christopher Joseph, the eldest available son would inherit that home after his father and would stay there.

But the facebook page contained little information and not even any DP. But when I looked at his facebook friends, I came across one person called Eugene Joseph. This person had his photograph in his facebook page. This person was unmistakably Eugene Joseph, the younger brother of Christopher Joseph. He was born in february 1966 in their railway quarter and the young neighbourhood kids including me were allowed to see the newborn brother of Chikkoo on that very day. He was named Eugene. Kids had difficulty pronouncing the name and they called him “Engine”. Later their younger brother was born and he was named Ashley. Obviously this name too was difficult to pronounce for kids and he was promptly renamed Asli by the kids. 🙂 The kids were like that. I recall that they had trouble pronouncing a kid called Shakeel and they would call him “cycle”. 🙂

I tried to locate some more neighbourhood kids but drew a blank mainly because I was not aware of their formal names.

What about locating my school mates and college mates by the same method ? I had tried that in the past and I was able to locate a school kid called Shyamal Kumar Dey. We were in the same class in school and later on both of us got admitted to St Xavier’s college, Ranchi in 1978. His facebook page mentioned that he had done Engineering from West Bengal and had then joined a PSU. He was incidentally posted in Ranchi itself which was the HQ of his PSU.

In 2018, when I first located him on facebook, I sent him an email message. He did not respond. Perhaps he could not remember me or may be he did not consider me worthy of responding.

What about someone from college, apart from Shyamal Dey ? I could locate one.

St Xavier’s college, Ranchi admitted only the “brightest” students where brightness was judged by marks obtained in the matriculation examination. The Bihar Board topper among girls, who had achieved fourth rank overall in the state was a resident of Ranchi and she had also joined St Xavier’s college. The students were divided into two sections, viz section A and B. Each section had batches. All girls were in the same batch. Some boys were also in that batch. I was among the boys who were in the batch alongwith girls. Needless to say that boys of other batches envied the boys of this batch. 🙂 Personally I think that most boys of this batch were quite simple and “bhondoo”, Amol Palekar type. 🙂 I do not recall interacting much with any of those girls. Once while doing chemistry practicals, I by fluke had produced a perfect bead while doing borax bead test. The instructor showed this bead to all including the girls telling them that it was created by one among them. 🙂

More than one decade later, I was in Delhi, as part of my probation as a Railway probationer. We were doing parliamentary training, where we would attend a three day seminar on how parliament functions. On one day we were also taken to Parliament to watch how it functioned. We saw Parliament hall from visitor’s gallery and watched the then PM V P Singh replying to some parliamentary question.

The parliamentary training batch had members of two other services in addition to Railways. The participants had their names written in front of them. I found the name of a lady participant matching the name by which we knew her in our college. It was unmistakably the same lady. Her surname differed which was only to be expected because she must have been married by that time.

Next day I mustered enough courage to approach her and talked to her. It turned out that she was indeed the same lady. She informed me that she had married an IAS officer who was then posted as an ADC to the Governor of that state.

That was nearly three decades ago. While searching for my college time mates, I came across the name of this lady once again. I found that considerable information was available on her online. Her husband had reached the top viz had become Principal Secretary of that state. They had two sons and one of them was an IAS officer as well. So this class mate of mine, who was the topper among girls in matriculation examination of Bihar that year was doing very well in her life. I felt happy for her.

I tried to locate some people, but drew a blank. I think that I need to physically go to Ranchi and visit the familiar landmarks, including the place where I stayed and try to find some old acquaintances who may actually be staying in Ranchi even today. That I suppose would be a tall order. Most people may have been staying elsewhere by now.

Ranchi itself has changed considerably, as I have been informed by those who are more current with developments in Ranchi. I was able to locate a few relatives of mine who were settled in Ranchi but they were too young for me to find much in common with them. I tried to locate their parents instead but they were not on facebook. In one of my posts on Binaca Geetmala 1971 finals, I have mentioned my Mama with whom I was going to Ranchi but had an unscheduled night halt in another town. I could locate his children on facebook but not the mama himself. Those kids were not even born by that time. The mama himself was not on facebook.

When I thought of a song to accompany my reminiscences about Ranchi, I was very clear about the movie the song was to be from. The movie had to be “Hip Hip Hurray”(1984). One clear reason is that the story of this movie takes place in Ranchi ! So, it is a perfect movie for my purpose.

“Hip Hip Hurray” (1984) was produced by Manmohan Shetty and Pradeep Uppoor. It was the debut movie of Prakash Jha as a movie director. The movie had Raj Kiran, Deepti Nawal, Deepa Rani, Nikhil Bhagat, Shafi Inamdar etc in it.

I would have saved my effort by quoting the story of this movie from wikipedia or imdb, but the story as contained in these sites are horrible. So I have provided my own summary of the story here:

Sandeep Chaudhary (Raj Kiran), a resident of Mumbai is a computer science and Electronics Engineering graduate as well as a sports enthusiast. After his graduation, he appears for some job interviews, including one interview for a multinational computer company (called IDM 🙂 ). The people taking interview on behalf of the company seem to be totally clueless about computers going by the kind of questions he ask (more seriously, it is a reflection on the dialogue writer’s lack of knowledge of computers. Our venerable Gulzar is the dialogue writer.)
He has a smart and pretty career minded and fast life loving girl friend Uma(Deepa Rani).

While Sandeep Chaudhary is waiting for offer from IDM, which is likely to take three months, his uncle asks him to use this time fruitfully by joining as a sports teacher in a school at Ranchi whose principal is known to him.

So Sandeep Chaudhary boards a train and arrives Ranchi Railway station. He takes a rickshaw and reaches the school. The school Jamnadas school (a fictional school-scenes of this school were shot in Vikas Vidyalaya and Bishop Westcott Boys’ School in Ranchi ) is full of incompetent and careless teachers as well as disinterested, disillusioned and indisciplined students.

School teachers there ask him -” Mr Chaudhary, Bambai ke kis school mein padhaate thhe aap ?”
Sandeep Chaudhary- “jee main engineer hoon. computer science aur electronics mein”.

Hindi teacher- “electric mein hain ? Aap electrician hain. To khel kood mein kahaan se aa gaye?”

Hindi teacher gives his gyan- “Khel kood se is desh ki pragati sambhav hai kya. Ab aap hi bataaiye. Hamaare desh ke jo bhi mahaan neta thhe.
Mahatma Gandhi, Nehru, Subhash, Guru Nanak, Kabir aur kaun sa footbaal ya hockey khela karte thhe ye log ?”

Sandeep Chaudhary tries to bring discipline in the sports field and is met with resistance by students, led by the rouge student Raghu (Nikhil Bhagat). Raghu, who has failed four years in a row in the same class is a school bully and he has a teenager’s crush on lady teacher Miss Anuradha Roy (Deepti Nawal).

It is clear that the ambitions and temperaments of Sandeep Chaudhary and his fiancee do not match. With Sandeep Chaudhary in Ranchi and not in habit of keeping in touch with his near and dear ones through letters (the usual way of keeping in touch those days), Uma writes to him that there was little point continuing this relation and they should part ways. And she wishes him best of luck for future.

Sandeep Chaudhary decides to build a school team despite resistance from all concerned, viz teachers, students as well as parents. He presses on regardless. The experience of the first football match is disastrous though, because the school team loses 0-12. Sports teacher of the other team (played by Shafi Inamdar) mocks him- “aapko sport teacher kisne bana diya Mr Chaudhary ?”

Sandeep Chaudhary renews his efforts to built a stronger team. He gradually wins over those good players (led by Raghu) who had kept away from playing the earlier match. Gradually, all of them except Raghu join in. Raghu, who thus finds himself isolated does not like it and he retaliates by attacking Sandeep Chaudhary. And he then falsely implicates Sandeep Chaudhary of roughing him up. This lie gets busted because of the evidences provided to the Principal by Miss Anuradha Roy, who herself is a victim of stalking by Raghu. The Principal decides to expel Raghu from school. But Sandeep Chaudhary intervenes and prevents his expulsion. A chastened Raghu grudgingly falls in line and starts practicing with the football team.

The students practice with great motivation, waking up early in the morning and reporting at the sports field for practice. There are murmurs of resistance though. Parents of one Kid prohibits their son from participating in football citing his poor academics as the reason. Sandeep Chaudhary goes and meets them to try and persuade them.

“pichhle saal wo ek baar fail kar chuka hai.”- mother of the boy states.

“lekin, pichhle saal to koi games nahin thha hamaare school mein.”- Sandeep Chaudhary points out.
“toh tum kya kehna chaahte ho. Football khelne se uska maths aur science theek ho jaayega.”- is the sarcastic retort by the father.

“No Sir. Mere kehne ka matlab hai games mein hissa na lene ka matlab zaroori nahin hota hai ki padhaai achchi ho jaati ho. Haan ye zaroor hota hai ki bachche jo school se bhaage rahte hain unka school mein dil lagne lagta hai. Aur phir, rahi baat maths aur science ki main Inder se pehle hi kah chuka hoon main usey tuition khud doonga na.”- Sandeep Chaudhary tells the father.

The father mocks him-“Come on, it is not football. Main physics, chemistry aur chemistry ki baat kar raha hoon.”

“I know sir, Main electronics aur computer science mein graduate hoon.”- Sandeep Chaudhary breaks this information to the stunned parents who look at each other in bemusement.

The rematch takes place with the team that had won the last time by 12-0 margin. This time the enthusiasm is palpable not only among the players and students, but among teachers as well. The match begins, with the opposite team coach Shafi Inamdar as dismissive of his opponents as earlier.

The match begins, and by halftime the team is down 0-2. Will history repeat itself ?

The tide slowly begins to turn in the second half. The team pulls one goal back, and then the second one two. In the dying minutes, Raghu, after a dodging a few defenders as well as the goal keeper puts the ball into the net.

The school secures a memorable and first ever win over their arch rival school. The whole school fraternity is overjoyed.

Sandeep Chaudhary receives a letter which is the job offer from IDM. He is naturally happy, but the happiness is naturally tempered.

Miss Anuradha Roy goes to meet Sandeep Chaudhary. He is still asleep, the attendant opening the door explains.

Miss Roy goes to the bedroom-“Sandeep, pata hai saadhe saat baj rahe hain. Janaab abhi tak bistar mein pade hain. Chalo uthho. Naha dho lo. Thanda lagta hai to paani garm kar deti hoon.” She proceeds to leave the bedroom.

“Anu, idhar aao”- Sandeep Chaudhary beckons him, still lying in bed.

Anu goes to him.
“Mujhse shaadi karogi”- he pops the question.
“nahin”- pat comes the reply, there is absolutely no connection between verbal language and body language.
“badmaash!”-remarks Sandeep Chaudhary so the deal is finalised.

A party is held to celebrate the win. Teachers as well as players are invited. The students wonder if the sports culture that he inclucated in the school was ephemeral. Will the school sports go back to its previous days ? Raghu offers to take up the responsibility of sports in the school and vows to return as a sports teacher to the school after passing out from the school.

The movie ends with Sandeep leaving the school premises for the station.

This movie was the debut movie of Prakash Jha as a director. And this movie is like scoring a century on debut. It is a movie that I have fallen in love with. What is there not to like and love in this movie.

1. The story is set in Ranchi.
2. The characters are totally real life and believable.
3. I was in the right age group as well as temperament to totally identify with the hero.
4. The movie is inspirational.
5. It is a different film. It is a film about sports.

Unlike usual movies, this movie does not have the usual formula based songs- a love song, a separation song, a cabarat etc. My guess is that the director did not want any songs in it but later on compromised and had some songs playing in the background. I find that the first two songs (that I shortlisted to go with this writeup) are both picturised almost in identical manner. It is as if the same picturisation was used for both songs.

I have finally decided to go with the first song. This song is movie opening song. The song plays in the background as Sandeep Chaudhary and his girl friend Uma go around places in Bombay.

The song is sung by Yesudas. Gulzar is the lyricist. Music is composed by Vanraj Bhatia.

With this song, “Hip Hip Hurray” (1984) makes its debut in the blog. Though I can hardly sit through movies these days, it is one movie that has the ability to hold my attention. I highly recommend this movie to anyone who is interested in watching good well made movies.

Going by the casting, the lady, who plays the fiancee of Raj Kiran is Deepa Rani. She looked quite impressive. I wonder why she failed to have a long innings in movie world.

Another impressive character was Raghu, played by Nikhil Bhagat. He too vanished from movies after this impressive role. 31 years later, he reappeared in “Tamasha”(2015), this time playing the role of Deepika Padukone’s father. Unlike others, Nikhil Bhagat was not enamoured of showbiz so he decided to concentrate on business. He has a business of leather goods. He was persuaded to come back to films by Imtiaz Ali, the director of “Tamasha”(2015) who had watched “Hip Hip Hurrray” (1984) during its time and who was suitably impressed with the movie as well as the actor.

I hope that the lady Deepa Rani too resurfaces some time in future, like Nikhil Bhagat.

Today (19 july 2019) marks eleven years of continued existence for this blog. Over fifteen thousand one hundred songs have been covered in the blog during the 4018 days of existence, which means that the blog has been buzzing with activity, covering songs at the rate of just under four songs daily. We have run up some impressive statistics associated with the songs covered in the blog. But more important that the numbers is the fact that the blog has given rise to a musical bandwagon, and a close knit team of music lovers who have gradually become close friends, online as well as offline.

I have loved this eleven year long journey. I have grown up considerably as a human being thanks to my interaction with so many like minded individuals during this musical journey.

I take this opportunity to thank one and all for their continued support, encouragement, contributions etc. May this association go on and on.

Audio

Video

Song-Ek subah ek mod par (Hip Hip Hurray)(1984) Singer-Yesudas, Lyrics-Gulzar, MD-Vanraj Bhatia

Lyrics

ek subah
ek mod par
maine kahaa
usey rok kar
ek subah ek mod par
maine kahaa usey rok kar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar

roz tere jeene ke liye
ek subah mujhe mil jaati hai
roz tere jeene ke liye
ek subah mujhe mil jaati hai
murjhaati hai
koyi shaam agar to
raat koyi khil jaati hai
main roz subah tak aataa hoon
aur roz shuroo karta hoon safar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar

tere hazaaron chehron mein
ek chehraa hai mujhse miltaa hai
tere hazaaron chehron mein
ek chehraa hai mujhse miltaa hai
aankhon kaa rang bhi
ek saa hai
aawaaz kaa ang bhi miltaa hai
sach poochho to ham do judwaan hain
tu shaam meri main teri sahar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar
ek subah ek mod par
maine kahaa usey rok kar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar
haath badhaa ae zindagi
aankh milaa ke baat kar
ek subah
ek mod par
maine kahaa
usey rok kar
maine kahaa
usey rok kar
maine kahaa
usey rok kar


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3833 Post No. : 14841 Movie Count :

4058

#the Decade of Seventies – 1971 – 1980 #
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#Bhoole-Bisre Geet # 79 # Remembering Director Tapan Sinha – His movies #
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In our film industry we have many personalities who have left indelible mark of their craftsmanship and genius through their contribution to the Indian film Industry.

Some of them achieved this in spite of producing or directing very few films. Such few personalities have immortalized themselves in the history of Indian Cinema through their works.

Today we pay our tributes to one such personality – one of the most prominent directors Shri.Tapan Sinha. He can be considered to be in the leagues of Shri.Satyajit Ray, Shri.Mrinal Sen, and Shri.Ritwik Ghatak. He was conferred with the highest honors for films the ‘Dadasaheb Phalke’ award in 2006.

Today 15th January 2019 is the tenth ‘Remembrance Day’ of Tapan Sinha (02.10.1924 – 15.01.2009).

The ‘nuances of life reality’ in his works and the ‘greatness of his efforts’ behind the presentations on ‘screen’ as we get to watch, cannot be detailed in one article here.

To put in short about him, I am reproducing below the text mentioned in the blurb on the jacket of the VCD (of film ‘Safed Haathi -1977).

“He is arguably the most uncompromising film maker outside the orbit of parallel cinema. And his awe-inspiring body of work can possibly be matched by only a – Mrinal Sen or a Satyajit Ray. He is the grand old man of cinema– Tapan Sinha.

His filmography presents an amazing variety of subjects. Even when the Director has profusely entertained the audience, he has done it every time, with a new yarn promising new experiences for the filmgoers. And these have not been ordinary crowd-pleasers nor have they seemed mired in familiar formulas. A veritable commander of the box-office, Tapan Sinha has offered many super hit films in succession – namely- ‘Hatey Bazaare’, ‘Aapnjan’, ‘Ekhani’, ‘Safed Haathi’ etc creating a record that is unsurpassed even today.

Yet in each of these films, adapted faithfully from widely read literary works and neatly told, a serious observer may discover the creative burst that raises a popular work to an artistic level. This nonchalant mastery of spinning pleasurable surprises right on the screen has been discernible in all his films, even including his work containing raw realities of life like ‘Apanjan’ or ‘Raja’.

His major works have been in Bangla films and in Hindi he has produced/directed – ‘Zindagi-Zindagi-1972’, ‘Sagina-1974’, ‘Safed Haathi-1977’, ‘Aadmi aur Aurat-1982’ and ‘Aaj Ka Robinhood-1987’, and the last one ‘Anokha Moti-2000’.
(Ref wiki page on Tapan Sinha)

Out of the above movies I remember to have watched ‘Ek Doctor Ki Maut’ and ‘Safed Haathi’ on ‘doordarshan’.
On our blog we have already covered all songs from the film ‘Sagina-1974’ and ‘Zindagi-Zindagi-1972’.

Today we introduce a song from the film ‘Safed Haathi-1976’ which was directed by Tapan Sinha, and this movie ‘Safed Haathi-1976’ make its debut on the blog today.

‘Safed Haathi-1977’ (alias ‘White Elephant’) was directed by Tapan Sinha. It was a ‘Neelkamal Movies, Calcutta’ presentation.
It was produced by R.A. Jalan and Pratap Agarwal.

Subodh Roy was the editor of this movie. Its dialogues were written by Hridayesh Pandey.
Tapan Sinha who directed this movie had also written the story and screenplay of this movie.

The film had Shatrughan Sinha (in special appearance), Vijay Arora, Sadhu Mehar, Mala Jaggi, Gayatri, Kalyan Chatterjee, Bhaskar Choudhary, Vishwa Guha Thakurta, Reena Barua and Utpal Dutt as its cast. Child artist Ashwani makes a debut in this movie.

Music of this film was composed by Ravindra Jain who also wrote the lyrics of the four songs in this film. Yesudas, Hemlata, Ravindra Jain, Nirmala Mishra gave their voices to the songs in this film.

This movie was passed by Censor board on 18.10.1977.

(While giving the details of this movie HFGK Vol-V makes a note that from the ‘booklet’ of this movie it comes to light that it was earlier titled as ‘Puraskar’ (The Prize))

As mentioned above, I had watched this movie earlier on ‘Doordarshan’ (may be sometime around 1991-92) and I remember how thrilled I was then and I always like to watch movies that have some ‘message’ in it and watching a movie which has ‘elephant’ as a ‘central character’ always fascinates me.
In this movie too watching ‘Airaavat’ or the ‘white elephant’ whenever he appears on the screen is very very interesting and touching.

So, few years back I had bought the VCD of this movie so that I can watch it again with my family at home. I always thought that such movies should be watched by all irrespective of what our age is.

I would not like to discuss more on the story of this movie since I wish that one should watch this movie and enjoy its thrill, its message and its learning. Review of this movie is available at ‘Memsaab Story’ too.

This movie was awarded National Film Award for Best Children’s Film in 1978.
It also got a ‘Special Jury Award’ in the Sixth Competitive Festival “The Child in Our Time” 1983 in Mifed, Milan, Italy.
It participated in several prestigious International film festivals where it received high acclaim and was well appreciated for its contemporary theme, preservation of flora and fauna and emphasis on qualities of chivalry, adventure and integrity of character in children.

Today we get introduced ourselves to this first song of the movie on our blog which is sung by Yesudas and written and composed by Ravindra Jain.

Let us now enjoy this wonderful song from this movie ‘Safed Haathi’ and pay our tributes to Late Shri.Tapan Sinha ji on the blog here today …

Video (Part I)

Video (Part II)

Audio

Song-Uthho hey laal (Safed Haathhi)(1977) Singer-Yesudas, Lyrics-Ravindra Jain, MD-Ravindra Jain
(Note: – HFGK mentions this song as one song while listing the songs of this movie)

Lyrics

Uthho hey laal uthho hey
Uthho hey laal uthho hey
Sooraj narayan aaye
Kirnon ki doli leke
Tumhre dwaare jaago hey
Jaago hey
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey ae ae
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey

Bhor ki ye bela nahin
soye ke ganwaane ki
Ghadi ye suhaani pyaare
jagne jagaane ki ee
Bhor ki ye bela nahin
Bhor ki ye bela nahin
soye ke ganwaane ki
Ghadi ye suhaani pyaare
jagne jagaane ki ee ee
Bina hi jagaaye jaage
Pyaare pyaare
Panchhiyon ki meetthhi meeththi baani
Suno hey
Jaago hey
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey ae ae
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey

Ban ki guphaaon mein jo luke chhupe baithe hain
Unke bhi sukh dukh
ham tum jaise hain
Ban ki guphaaon mein jo
Ban ki guphaaon mein jo luke chupe baithe hain
Unke bhi sukh dukh
ham tum jaise hain
Sher Cheetah Bhaalu Haathi
Inko banaa ke saathi
Inke bhi sang khelo hey
Jaago hey
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey ae ae ae
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey
Sooraj narayan aaye
kirnon ki doli leke
Tumhre dwaare
Jaago hey
Jaago hey
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey ae ae ae
Uthho hey laal
uthho hey

——————————-
(Part-II)
(In the audio link the following stanza is the second one, while in the film it is a separate one and hence mentioned here as Part-II)
——————————-
Taaron ne bikheri hansi
Phoolon ke bageeche pe
Kirnon ki toli daude
Ghaas ke galeeche pe ae ae
Taaron ne bikheri hansi

Taaron ne bikheri hansi
Phoolon ke bageeche pe
Kirnon ki toli daude
Ghaas ke galeeche pe ae ae
Kal kal gaati huyi
Nadiya ke thhande thhande
Paani ki rawaani
Dekho hey
Suno hey
Jaago hey
Uthho hey laal uthho hey
Uthho hey laal uthho hey

———————————
Devnagri script lyrics
——————————–

उठो हे लाल उठो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
सूरज नारायण आये
किरणों कि डोली लेके
तुमरे द्वारे जागो हे
जागो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे ए ए
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
भोर के ये बेला नहीं सोये के गँवाने कि
घडी ये सुहानी प्यारे जगने जगाने कि
भोर के ये बेला नहीं
भोर के ये बेला नहीं सोये के गँवाने कि
घडी ये सुहानी प्यारे जगने जगाने की ई ई
बिना ही जगाये जागे
प्यारे प्यारे
पंछियों की मीठी मीठी बानी
सुनो हे
जागो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे ए ए
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
बन कि गुफाओं में जो लुका छुपे बैठे हैं
उनके भी सुख दुःख हम तुम जैसे हैं
बन कि गुफाओं में जो
बन कि गुफाओं में जो लुका छुपे बैठे हैं
उनके भी सुख दुःख हम तुम जैसे हैं
शेर चीता भालू हाथी
इनको बनाके साथी
इनके भी संग खेलो हे
जागो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे ए ए ए
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
सूरज नारायण आये
किरणों कि डोली लेके
तुमरे द्वारे जागो हे
जागो हे
जागो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे ए ए ए
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
—————-
(भाग – २)
(नीचे दिया गया अंतरा चलचित्र में अलग से दिखायी गया है एवं यह मुख्य गीत के साथ नहीं आता है, जब की गाने के श्रवण अंश यह हमें दुसरे अंतरे के रूप में सुनने को मिलता है )
—————–
तारों ने बिखेरी हंसी
फूलों के बगीचे पे
किरणों कि डोली दौड़े
घास के गलीचे पे ए ए
तारों ने बिखेरी हंसी
फूलों के बगीचे पे
किरणों कि डोली दौड़े
घास के गलीचे पे ए ए
कल कल गाती हुयी
नदिया के ठंडे ठंडे
पानी की रवानी
देखो हे
जागो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे
उठो हे लाल उठो हे


This article is written by Peevesie’s Mom, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3683 Post No. : 14585

18th August is the birthday of another veteran of Bollywood. She has been around from the age of 8 beginning as a child star in ‘Gunga Jumna’ (1961). She has been awarded the filmfare best supporting actress award twice and also the Life Time Achievement award. I am here talking of Aruna Irani. She turns 64 today.

Here is a song on the occasion which presents her in a different style from her usual dancing self. Also a thing to be noted is that in this clip, they have used visuals from black and white movies especially from the days when Madhubala and Dilip Kumar were a hit pair. Plus another thing that struck me was the chemistry between the two leading actresses – Shabana Azmi and Aruna Irani (playing the elder sister). The story line is somewhat based on the life of the two famous singing sisters in the industry – Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle.

‘Saaz’ was produced and directed by Sai Paranjpe in 1998.  Jaaved Akhtar is the lyricist. This particular song is Zakir Hussain’s composition. It is sung by Devaki Pandit.

Happy birthday to Aruna Irani.

Audio (Longer)

Video

Song – Phir Bhor Bhayee Jaaga Madhuban (Saaz) (1997) Singer – Devaki Pandit, Lyrics – Javed Akhtar, MD – Zakir Hussain

Lyrics

mmmmmmm

aaa aaa aaaaaa
aaaaaaa aaaaaaa

phir bhor bhayi jaaga madhuban
phir bhor bhayi jaaga madhuban
phir mehki hawa
phir behki hawa
phir mehki hawa
phir behki hawa
phoolon se mili phir koi kiran
aaa aaaa aaaa
phir bhor bhayi jaga madhuban
phir bhor bhayi

phir mausam ras chhalkaane laga
phir mausam ras chhalkaane laga
phir kaliyon mein rang aane laga 
phir koi nadi balkhaane lagi
phir koyal mann me gaane lagi 
phir goonja mere mann ka aangan
aaa aaaa aaaa
phir bhor bhayi

phir geet hawa mein ghulne lage
phir bol suron mein dhulne lage
phir raagini machli saanson mein
phir shehad ghula aawazon mein
phir jhoom utha yeh neel gagan
aaa aaaa aaaa
phir bhor bhayi jaga madhuban
phir bhor bhayi

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

मम्मम्ममम

आss आss आsssss
आssssss आsssssss

फिर भोर भई जागा मधुबन
फिर भोर भई जागा मधुबन
फिर महकी हवा
फिर बहकी हवा
फिर महकी हवा
फिर बहकी हवा
फूलों से मिली फिर कोई किरण
आss आss आsssss
फिर भोर भई जागा मधुबन
फिर भोर भई

फिर मौसम रस छलकाने लगा
फिर मौसम रस छलकाने लगा
फिर कलियों में रंग आने लगा
फिर कोई नदी बलखाने लगी
फिर कोयल मन में गाने लगी
फिर गूँजा मेरे मन का आँगन
आss आss आsssss
फिर भोर भई

फिर गीत हवा में घुलने लगे
फिर बोल सुरों में धुलने लगे
फिर रागिनी मचली साँसों में
फिर शहद घुला आवाज़ों में
फिर झू उठा ये नील गगन
आss आss आsssss
फिर भोर भई जागा मधुबन
फिर भोर भई


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3564 Post No. : 14287

Today’s song is from the film ‘Kisaan Kanya’ from 1937. This movie is famous for being the first indegenuously made colour film of India, by Ardeshir Irani’s Imperial Film Company. Film pioneer Irani was also the first to make an international co-production, with Italy – the film ‘Nala Damayanti’ – a silent film of 1920. Secondly, and more importantly, he also holds the honour of making and releasing India’s first talkie film ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931. And with film ‘Kisaan Kanya’, he achieved a hat trick of ‘First in India’ credit in film making.

Ardeshir Irani was very keen to become the first to make a talkie film in India. He knew that Madon Theatres of Calcutta too were busy in making their first talkie film, with two popular stars of the day. Irani hastened the speed of his shootings and recordings. Lot of secrecy was maintained in filming the movie. From his secret sources in Calcutta, he was getting information on the progress of Madon Theatres’ film in making. He came to know that their film was to have about 20 songs in the film. Irani decided to limit the number of songs in his film to save on time. Now they would have only 7 songs. Thus he saved on many days of shootings and recordings. His film, ‘Alam Ara’ was released on 14-3-1931. Madon could only release their first talkie film ‘Shirin Farhad’ on 30-5-1931, two and a half months later !

Similarly, Irani studied why Prabhat’s first colour film ‘Sairandhri’ from 1933 failed technically. So when he planned ‘Kisaan Kanya’, he decided to do all technical processes in India. Thus his colour film came out much better than Prabhat’s film. Ashok Raj, in his book ‘Hero-I’, writes the following about Ardeshir Irani.

Irani perhaps was the world’s first multilingual film maker, having made forays into English, Bengali, Marathi, Tamil, Persian, Burmese, Indonesian and Pushto. He is credited with launching the talkie era in countries like Burma, Indonesia and Iran. He made nearly 120 talkies in a span of just 8 years. He was also the first to establish a colour laboratory imported from Hollywood.

The first song from ‘Kisaan Kanya’ has recently been discussed on our blog, by our Sadanand Kamath ji, so I will not go into its details like story etc. Instead, I will discuss about 3 important persons connected with this film – namely Master Nisar, Padma Devi and Ram Gopal Pande.

Master Nisar was the most popular hero of the early talkie films. He was also one of the most highly paid stars of that era. His popularity was such – it is said that once due to a very large crowd gathered to see him, the Governor of Bengal was forced to divert his car to another road ! When Master Nisar went to Nashik for shooting Bhavnani’s film, he had to be kept closed in a room of his hotel to avoid his fans and hunters from other film companies, who would try to abduct him ! This same person, who enjoyed fame, name, money and fan following once, had to spend his last days in misery, poverty, neglect and pitiable conditions in a one room tenement in a Kamathipura chawl with few aluminum pots and a box full of photographs. During his heydays, he had learnt the art of massaging, as a hobby. This very art came to his help in his last days and he used to work as a masseur and earn few rupees sometimes.

Film historian Isak Mujawar has written in his book ‘Flashback-II’ about several instances of his later years. Here are two of them. When film ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ (1953) was being made, Bimal Roy wanted a masseur for a scene in which the Zamindar (Ulhas) is getting a body massage. Bimal da asked his the then manager Jugal Kishore (who later on became an actor, director and producer) to bring a masseur having solid physique. When Jugal Kishore brought  a very thin, emaciated looking person, Bimal da was very upset. When Jugal Kishore told him that he was Master Nissar, Bimal da was moved and gave him the role.

Those who have seen film ‘Guddi’ (1971), there is a scene in which a lanky, thin person is massaging Om Prakash. Dharmendra tells Guddi, “Do you know who he is ? Master Nissar, one time a great actor who was popular and very rich. Film line is such that riches to rags stories are very common here”. In his final days, Nisar was seen begging on roads.

Nissar Ali Mohammed Ali was born on 5-3-1902 in Delhi. His uncle brought him to Bhopal, when he was 10 year old. Nisar started singing and acting in his uncle’s drama company for Rs. 15 pm. He learnt music from Pt. Betab and Ustaad Jhande Khan. After few roles of girls and heroines, he got a hero’s role in Agha Hashr Kashmiri’s dramas, due to his good looks, fluent Urdu and singing skill.

He joined Madon Theatres for their dramas. When Madon decided to make their drama ‘Shirin Farhad’ into a talkie film, their first choice for hero was Nisar. Jahan Ara Kajjan was called from Bhagalpur, Bihar for the heroine’s role. The pair became very popular. People became mad after Nisar’s songs. The pair proved to be a gold mine They acted in 8 films together. Their songs became a rage all over India.

Master Nisar shifted to Bombay and joined Bhavnani Films at a salary of Rs. 3000 pm, a princely sum in those days. He was the first person in the industry to own a Rolls Royce car. His heroines were many like Padma Devi, Zebunnisa, Bibbo, Haseena, Sardar Akhtar, Kanta etc. He also acted in India’s first home made colour film ‘Kisaan Kanya’ (1937). This was also his last film as a hero. In the wake of the rise of Saigal, Ashok kumar, Surendra etc., in comparison his acting was very theatrical and it paled before the newer heroes. He shifted to character roles after being a hero in 45 films. In all, he appeared in 75 films during his career. The situation came that he would take whatever role came his way.

Master Nisar married 4 times. His first wife served him lovingly till the end. He survived by doing small and sometimes even un-credited roles like extras. He was friendly with Dilip Kumar, so he got small roles in his films. His style suited qawwaalis and he featured in many well known films like ‘Azaad’, ‘Barsat Ki Ek Raat’ etc. He is seen as the on screen lead singer in the qawwaali “Aaj Kyon Hum Se Parda Hai” in the film ‘Sadhna’ (1958). The writer of the qawwaali, Sahir Ludhianvi, came across Master Nisar, begging on the roadside. On recognizing him, he immediately hugged him, and took him to the office of BR Films. He introduced him to BR Chopra, and got him the role.

Nisar was a religious person and performed Namaaz five times a day. He had no bad habits like smoking or drinking or gambling, still he spent life in penury. Being a self respecting person, he never asked for roles from anyone. Born poor, lived rich and died poor. Master Nisar died on 13-7-1980. It is said that his neighbours collected money for his burial.

One of Master Nisar’s heroines was Padma Devi in some films. She was a Bengali actress named Neelima. She made her debut in silent films with ‘Sea God’, a 1931 production from Saroj Films. She acted in about 15 silent films. While moving to the talkie films, she had difficulty with her diction and singing in Hindi language. But she overcame this with grit and determination, and learnt all this. She did all this while working in films like ‘Laal e Yaman’, ‘Kurukshetra’, ‘Prithviraj Sanyogita’ etc. (all films from 1933).

She was introduced to Baburao Patel and in no time they became ‘special friends’. Baburao cast her as a heroine in 4 films in his own Gandharva Cinetone company. She became a part of his office and personal life too. However after Susheela Rani’s entry as Baburao’s secretary, she was pushed first aside and then outside. She returned to Calcutta in 1946 and appeared in many films in character roles. She returned to Bombay in 1961 and was seen in smaller roles in Hindi films till late 1970s. Her last film seems to be in 1979.

The music for ‘Kisaan Kanya’ was composed by Ram Gopal Pande, who was variously credited as RG Pande, Ram Gopal, Ram Gopal Pandey etc. He hailed from UP. After unsuccessfully trying to become a singer, he became assistant to many well known composers and learned their methods. His first break came in 1936 with ‘Matwaali Jogan’ aka ‘A Girl From Lahore’ (directed by K Amarnath). Then he was called by Ardeshir Irani at Imperial Film Company for their first colour film. Master Nisar and Padma Devi’s songs became popular, so he was given two more films viz., ‘Mere Laal’ (1937) and ‘Vasant Bangalee’ (1938).

Then in 1938, came Mother India, ‘Actress Kyon Bani’ (1939), ‘Flying Rani’ (1939), ‘Perfect Man’ (1938), Daughters of India’ (1939) and ‘Chalti Duniya’ (1940). He was then connected with Mohan Pictures and did 10 movies for them. His last film seems to be ‘Angoorbala’ in 1947. He was left behind as his music was stage and drama type only – he did not change his style.

Today’s song is First song of Master Nisar on our blog making a debut as a singer. After hearing his singing, one can get an idea about the public taste in the early 1930s and one wonders how they became so popular. One incident of his popularity – In 1954-55, when Master Nisar was in Coimbtore for shooting of film ‘Azaad’ (1955), he along with others went to the market for shopping. There they met one lady and talk started about songs of early era. She said, “I used to like Master Nisar’s songs, but after he died, I gave up listening to songs.” All were stunned. Then Master Nisar introduced himself to her. She was so pleased that she invited all the visitors from Bombay for a party in Nisar’s honour, with the promise that in return, he had to sing for her!

Let us now enjoy Master Nisar and Padma Devi song from ‘Kisaan Kanya’. It was uploaded by Shalin Bhatt ji only on 16th March 2018. Thanks, Shalin ji.

[Author’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks – The above write up refers to and has adapted material from ‘Beete Huye Kal Ke Sitaare’ by Shri Shriram Tamrakar, ‘Hero-1’ by Ashok Raj, Isak Mujavar’s books, Prof. Yadav’s book, muVyz, chiloka.com, HFGK, Listener’s Bulletin, Encyclopedia of Indian Films and my own notes.]

 


Song – Aisa Nagar Basaaya Jis Mein Swarg Utar Kar Aaya (Kisan Kanya) (1937) Singer – Padma Devi, Master Nissar, Lyrics – [Unattributed], Music – Ram Gopal Pandey
Both

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya

aisa nagar basaaya

jahaan subeh ki kirnen aa kar
sona hans barsaayen
yahaan pe pahunche
premi bhanware
amar geet nit gaayen
chahun or sunehri gun paaya hum ne
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya

is soney ke preet nagar ke
hum donon hain bhikhaari
jab tak suraj chaand rahenge
tab tak preeti hamaari
aisa vardaan hai paaya hum ne
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya
jis mein swarg utar kar aaya
aisa nagar basaaya
aisa nagar basaaya

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया

ऐसा नगर बसाया

जहां सुबह की किरणें आ कर
सोना हंस बरसाएँ
यहाँ पे पहुंचे प्रेमी भँवरे
अमर गीत नित गायें
चहुं ओर सुनहरी गुण पाया हम ने
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया

इस सोने के प्रीत नगर के
हम दोनों हैं भिखारी
जब तक सूरज चाँद रहेंगे
तब तक प्रीति हमारी
ऐसा वरदान है पाया हम ने
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
जिस में स्वर्ग उतर कर आया
ऐसा नगर बसाया
ऐसा नगर बसाया


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3486 Post No. : 14003

“Shor”(1972) was produced and directed by Manoj Kumar for Vishal International Productions Private Limited, Bombay. This “social” movie had Manoj Kumar, Jaya Bhaduri, Premnath, Kamini Kaushal, Manorama, Manmohan, Kuljeet, Raj Mehra, Nana Palsikar, Krish Dhawan, Meena T, Shefali, Leena, Asrani, V Gopal, Ram Mohan, Sikandar Khanna, Ranveer Raj, M Masood, Master Avinash, Baby Sushma, Master Rakesh, Master Maruti, Master Satyajeet, with Nanda (special role).

The movie had five songs in it that were penned by three lyricists and sung by five singers.

Three of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Shor”(1972) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Lata. Verma Malik is the lyricist. Music is composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal.

The song is picturised as an “expression of love” song on Jaya Bhaduri, with Manoj Kumar also visible in the picturisation.

Audio

Song-Shehnaai baje na baje (Shor)(1972) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Verma Malik, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal

Lyrics

Lyrics

aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm

aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm

gagan pe to taare takraaye
takraaker donon muskaaye
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
chaand le sun li unki baat
ja baithha baadal ke saathh
hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
sun badal ne li angdaayi
boond boond ne baat phailaayi
gagan ki baat dharti pe aayi
kali ne sunli suni sunaayi
kali ne phool ko bhed bataaya
hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
phool ne bulbul ko o samjhaaya
hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
bulbul ne bhanwra bulwaaya
bhanwra gungun karta aaya
maine rok ke use sunaaya
sunaaya
sunaaya
aa aa

ban ke dulhaniya aaj chali hoon
main saajan ke dwaare
shahnaai baje na baje
shehnai baje na baje ae ae
shehnaai baje na baje

na koi mujhko kajra daale
na koi maang sanwaare
na koi mujhko kajra daale
na koi maang sanwaare
na chaahoon main baaje gaaje
na main dhol nakkaare
na koi meri raahen roke
na koi mujhe pukaare
banke dulhaniya aaj chali hoon
main saajan ke dwaare
shehnaai baje na baje ae ae
shehnaai baje na baje ae ae ae
shehnaai baje na baje

aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
munda manney na manney
ghodi saje na saje
ho munda mane na mane
ghodi sajey na sajey
ho doli uthhe na uthhe
mehandi lagey na lagey
na main chaahoon bindiya shindiya
na main taare shaare
kal tak thhe jo gusse shusse
ho gaye jaan se pyaare
banke dulhaniya aaj chali hoon
main saajan ke dwaare
shahnaai
.. .. ..
baje na baje ae ae
shehnaayi baje na baje ae ae ae
shehnaayi baje na baje

aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm
aah hmm hmm

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म

आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म

गगन पे दो तारे टकराये
टकरा कर दोनों मुसकाए
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
चाँद ने सुन ली उनकी बात
जा बैठा बादल के साथ
हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
सुन बादल ने ली अंगड़ाई
बूंद बूंद ने बात फैलाई
गगन की बात धरती पे आई
कली ने सुन ली सुनी सुनाई
कली ने फूल को भेद बताया
हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
फूल ने बुलबुल को समझाया
हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
बुलबुल ने भँवरा बुलवाया
भँवरा गुन गुन करता आया
मैंने रोक के उसे सुनाया
सुनाया
सुनाया॰॰आ॰॰आ

बनके दुलहनिया आज चली हूँ
मैं साजन के द्वारे
शहनाई बजे ना बजे
शहनाई बजे ना बजे॰॰ए॰॰ए
शहनाई बजे ना बजे

ना कोई मुझको कजरा डाले
ना कोई मांग सँवारे
ना चाहूँ मैं बाजे गाजे
ना मैं ढ़ोल नक्कारे
ना कोई मेरी राहें रोके
ना कोई मुझे पुकारे
बनके दुलहनिया आज चली हूँ
मैं साजन के द्वारे
शहनाई बजे ना बजे॰॰ए॰॰ए
शहनाई बजे ना बजे॰॰ए॰॰ए
शहनाई बजे ना बजे

आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
मुंडा मन्ने ना मन्ने
घोड़ी चढ़े ना चढ़े
हो डोली उठे ना उठे
मेहंदी लगे ना लगे
ना मैं चाहूँ बिंदिया शिंदिया
ना मैं तारे शारे
कल तक थे जो गुस्से शुस्से
हो गए जान से प्यारे
बनके दुलहनिया आज चली हूँ
मैं साजन के द्वारे
शहनाई
॰॰ ॰॰ ॰॰
बजे ना बजे॰॰ए॰॰ए
शहनाई बजे ना बजे॰॰ए॰॰ए
शहनाई बजे ना बजे

आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म
आह हम्म हम्म


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Shri Ramanuja”(1943) was directed by Debki Kumar Bose for Shree Films, Calcutta. This movie had Biman Bannerji, Master Kumud, Dhiraj Bhattacharya, Bipin Gupta, B R Tandon, Vitthaldas Panchotia, Natwar, Hiralal, Vikram Kapoor, Vibhuti Ganguly, Prafull Mukherji, Tulsi Chakraborty, Nawaazish, Puttan, Meera Dutt, Radharani, Renuka, Chhaaya Devi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

What does one do when one wakes up early in the morning? My daily routine is to take my two pets on their morning walks one by one. I have stuck to this routine unfailingly irrespective of the weather. While most fair weather morning walkers give up when the weather becomes foul, I perform my morning walk even when it is raining, it is fog, it is cold etc. Or rather, one can say that my pets insist on going on their morning walks and I accompany them.
Read more on this topic…


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

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Movies with all their songs covered =1329
Total Number of movies covered=4609

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