Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Archive for the ‘Biography of Music Directors’ Category


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Savera-58. It is sung by Manna Dey and chorus. The Lyricist was Shailendra and the composer was Sailesh Mukherjee. This song was quite popular during its time and I was surprised to see that this was not yet posted on the Blog.

The composer Shailesh Mukherjee was a multifaceted artist. He was an actor as well as a singer. He composed music for 3 films. He acted as a Hero under the name of Shreekant Gaurav,in 3 films namely, Miya Bibi Razi-60, Pyar ki pyas-61 and an unreleased film Monica-62. He sang 19 songs in 11 films from Andhon ki duniya-47 to Suhani Raat-74. After retiring from Hindi films, he used to interview Bangla stars for Calcutta A.I.R. After that he came back and became an Architect and Interior Decorator, doing work on stars’ and their relatives’ bungalows. He bought 26 acres of land in Karjat, near Bombay and built a farm house for family enjoyment there. He was so much attached to Karjat that after his death, as per his wish, his ashes were scattered on this land in Karjat !

His daughter Kajri also became an actress and did films like Tumhara Kallu-75, Sangat-75, Balika Badhu-76, Dillagi-78. etc etc. She won the Best Supporting actress Filmfare award for Balika Badhu-76 also. She was married to the son of character artist Bipin Gupta’s son. Sailesh Mukherjee’s son and later Grandson became Architects and Interior Decorators as per his wishes. ( Thanks to Ms. Meeta Mukherjee, daughter in law of Sailesh Mukherjee for providing all this information to me.)

Film Savera-58 was directed by a well known director Satyen Bose. The cast was Ashok Kumar, Meena Kumari, Bipin Gupta, Dhumal, Ramesh Sinha, Narmada Shankar etc etc.

Bipin Gupta was born to a Bengali family on 27th August 1905 in Meerut, the 5th child of his parents Trailokya Nath Gupta and Khemankari Devi.They later moved to Barrackpore. He attended the Chinsura Training School and the Barrackpore Government High School. He was married to Annapurna Devi.

Gupta’s first Bengali film was Chokher Bali ( Film Padosan in Hindi was made based on this film later ) directed by Sotu Sen in 1938. Throughout his career he had worked on almost 300 films though he played the hero only once, in the film Noori-1934. It was produced by Durga International Films, Calcutta. His Heroine was Sheela Devi. It was a flop movie.

He started working in Radio in 1934 and by 1936 he became a professional stage artist. He stayed for 30 years in Bombay to establish himself in Bollywood.

In 1964 he produced the film Daal Me Kala, directed by Satyen Bose and starring Nimmi, Kishore Kumar and Abhi Bhattacharya. The film took almost 4 years to make.

Bipin Gupta worked in over Hindi and Bengali films. He generally did the roles of Zamindar, teacher, father, Grandfather etc. All character roles. His voice was very good. Once, in Madras, while shooting for film “Teen Bahuraniya” at Gemini Studios, Prithviraj Kapoor lost his voice. Bipin Gupta dubbed all his film dialogues.

He died on 8th September 1981 in Calcutta. His son married Kajri- the daughter of Sailesh Mukherjee, actor, singer and composer. She too was an actress.( Thanks to Harish Raghuvanshi ji for some information ).

Normally information is available on internet or in books for well known actors. In Hindi cinema, there are hundreds of small actors and actresses, about whom no information is available anywhere. If some information is at all available, it will be very sketchy and incomplete. In some old yearbooks of Hindi film industry, such actors were to be found with 5-6 lines about them. In such cases, they are kept alive by the Picture Galleries, created, maintained and updated periodically, by two stalwarts, viz. Dr. Surjit Singh ji and Greta memsaab ji- both from USA. It is ironical that no efforts from the film industry in India are known to have been made in this direction. With existing Picture Galleries by these two great souls, at least these faces have their rightful names now. Other than this no information is available on them anywhere.

In such a situation, Mr. M.N.Sardana ji from Delhi and shri Venkataraman ji from Hyderabad and their associates are doing yeomans’ service by writting about less known but frequently seen on screen small actors of Hindi Cinema. M.N.Sardana ji especially needs an honourable mention for enrichinng the group “Woh din yaad karo” on Facebook by regularly bringing such actors to limelight by writing small bio notes on them. My hats off to M.N.Sardana ji. I am simply amazed to see his tremendous knowledge in this field. Students of Hindi film history-like me- will be indebted to him for his services in this field.

Here is what M.N.Sardana ji wrote about an actor called Narbada Shankar ( Narmada Shankar ), sometime back…

Narbada Shankar – one of the most memorable character actors of Hindi cinema. His voice is so unforgettable and unique, you know its him without even seeing him. He played a wide variety of roles but he was most commonly seen as a Pandit / Shastri / Pujari or a Doctor. But he is up for playing much more — he’s been father-in-laws of prospective brides / husbands, opinionated neighbours, an exorcist, a detective, a postman, a tangewala, etc. etc. the list goes on.

Shankar was born Narmada Shankar Tribhuvan Nayak. In his early career he is said to have worked primarily as a female impersonator in New Alfred Theatre Company dramas (when women were forbidden from performing in dramas). In this role he would enter film with Turki Hoor (1925) playing a female role. He worked on and off thru the next two decades with not much success. It wasn’t until the late 40s he would begin to get noticed.

With the role of the Judge in Namoona (1949) Narbada began his journey into a major character actor. He continued playing the diverse roles mentioned above thru the 50s, 60s and 70s. He slowed down and did less work in the 80s. Ek Chitthi Pyar Bare (1985) is one of his last films where he characteristically plays a doctor. He passed away on November 13, 1988 in Malad, Mumbai.

Film Savera-58 had very good songs. The story centred around a doctor who becomes a criminal due to circumstances and after realising his mistake surrenders,serves a jail term and begins a new life. The film is available on You Tube. I had seen it in 1958 itself, but to refresh my memory, I saw it again now. The story of Savera-58 is…

Dr, Kundan (Ashok kumar) is fro a middle class family. He has a childhood friend Shanti (Meenakumari) and they plan to marry once he becomes a doctor. After becoming a doctor, while serving in a Hospital, Kundan is blamed and held responsible for a patient’s death due to wrong medicine given by some other doctor. He is removed from service and does not get a job. He becomes a criminal. He meets shanti and upon her advice leaves criminal life and becomes a Sanyasi-Poornanand. A murder charge is put on him when he was a criminal and he faces the case in the court. He defends himself in the court and successfully proves that not he but victim’s wife was the murderer.
He however gets sentence for his other crimes and goes to jail. When he comes out, Shanti is waiting for him outside. They both travel towards a New Savera…a New Life.

Let us now enjoy this Manna Dey song from Savera-58.


Song-Jeewan ke raaste hazaar (Sawera)(1958) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Sailesh Mukherji
Chorus
Manna Dey + Chorus

Lyrics

om om om
om om om
om om om

man ke andhiyare mein
soone galiyare mein
jaago jyotirmay
jaago
jaago
jaago
jaago
jaago

o o
o o
o o
o o

jeewan ke raaste hazaar
jeewan ke raaste hazaar
zara soch ke chal bande
har kadam pe hain bharam ke jaal
tu ?? chal bande
jeewan ke raaste hazaar
jeewan ke raaste hazaar

aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa

dil mein chhupa chor tujhe le ke jahaan jaaye
tujhe le ke jahaan jaaye
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

dil mein chhupa chor tujhe le ke jaahaan jaaye
us gali se mud ke kabhi koi na aa paaye
koi na aa paaye
haar ke na baithh
apne aap ko badal bande
jeewan ke raaste hazaar
jeewan ke raaste hazaar

aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

dhal rahi hai chhal ki raat
ho chala sawera
dekho ho chala sawera
aa aa aa

dhal rahi hai chhal ki raat
ho chala sawera
aise mein bhi haaye tere dil mein hai andhera
dil mein hai andhera
man ke dwaar khol zara
dhoop mein nikal bande
jeewan ke raaste hazaar
jeewan ke raaste hazaar
ho o
ho o
ho o
ho o o

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This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

A few days back, I had mentioned in one of my articles in the Blog that I regard 1940s as the transitional phase for Hindi film music which paved the way for the arrival of the golden period of Hindi film music in 1950s and 1960s. The music director who triggered the ‘renaissance’ period of the 1940s in Hindi film music was Master Ghulam Haider. His song compositions in ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941) revolutionised Hindi film music. One of the popular songs from the film Saawan ke nazaare hain (Khazaanchi) was a trend setter not only for Hindi film music but also for the picturisation of the song.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Here is a song from film called Parichay-54. This song is sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The song is a different type of a fast paced song, the like of which Lata is not normally known for. The pace of the song reminds me of another fast paced song, “Mohe lagaa saraa jag feeka feeka re balam, which Lata sang for film Jhanjhar-53 under the baton of C.Ramchandra. The story of Jhanjhar-53 was set in Malaysia and hence C.Ramchandra had used a Malaysian fast tune in that film. However, in film Parichay the story is set in India, But the Music Director of this song had used a fast tune to suit film situation.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The runaway success of musical films like ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941), ‘Basant’ (1942), ‘Kismet’ (1943), ‘Tansen’ (1943) and ‘Rattan’ (1944) seem to have attracted, many new music directors to join the Hindi film industry in the 1940s. But only a few of them could climb the ladder of success to reach among the top music directors and elongate their successful musical carrier in the 1950s and beyond. Most of new music directors vanished into thin air after composing songs for very few films.
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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukhh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today I had originally lined up another song from the early 50s, to continue with my discussions on the melodies of the decade, which I called ” Melody Yatra of the 50s ” sometime back. However, I changed my mind and considering the oncoming Deepavali, I am discussing a beautiful song ( both to listen and see) from the film ” RAM RAJYA “-43.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

In the late 50s and early 60s when I got interested in Hindi film songs, I used to identify the popular songs only with the playback singers who had rendered them. It never came to my mind that I should also know as to who wrote the lyrics and who composed the music for the songs.  In the next stage of my interest in Hindi film songs, I was keen to know as to who composed the music for the songs that I liked very much. It was only when I heard some of the songs from films such as ‘Pyaasa’ (1957), ‘Kaaghaz Ke Phool’ (1959), ‘Anaadi’ (1959), ‘Barsaat Ki Raat’ (1960) etc, I felt that need to know as to who wrote the lyrics of the songs as well.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Hamara Hindustan-50, made and directed by a German-Paul Zils. The film is making its debut, so not much will be known about this German- Paul Zils.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Bhagyawaan-53. It is sung by Manna Dey and chorus. The Music Director is Avinash Vyas. Avinash Vyas always remained B and C grade film composer in Hindi, but in Gujarati Music scene he was a very big name on stage and films, winning several awards there.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is a melodious duet of Lata Mangeshkar and Hemant Kumar from a less heard film Daaraa-53. The Music Director is Mohd. Shafi and the film is directed by Harish. It was produced by Shaikh Mukhtar, under the banner of Omar Khayyam films, a company belonging to Harish. The cast of the film was Shaikh Mukhtar, Begum Para, Nigar Sultana, N A Ansari, Mukri,Tun Tun,Sankata Prasad etc. There were just 7 songs in the film but 7 Lyricists wrote one song each, Today’s song is written by Madhup Sharma.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the film Kismat-56. It is a duet sung by Shamshad Begum and Chitragupta.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where "new" songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than eight years. This blog has over 13000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3150 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

13061

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Movies with all their songs covered =943 Total Number of movies covered =3664

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Blog Start date: 19 july 2008 Active for 3000 days.
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