Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Diyaa jale chamke taara

Posted on: January 26, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4940 Post No. : 16792

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY TO ALL READERS !

HEARTY CONGRATULATIONS to Atul ji, for recording a new milestone – 15 million visitors (1 Crore 50 Lakhs) to the Blog. This is the public mandate for the popularity of this Blog, all over the world.(WordPress posts are read in 198 countries of the world). This is an unique example of what one person can achieve by building a team (sustained for years together) with a common interest. The team is continuing because the Magnet is very effective and the Magnet is Atul ji. I wish him and the Blog many more such milestones and may the Blog retain its identity for reliable and credible information, complete lyrics and non-stop service to lovers of HFM. All the best !

Today’s song is from the film Rangeela-1953 – a Bhagwan Art Production film. The Producer and the Director was Master Bhagwan himself. The cast consisted of Bhagwan. Purnima, Baburao, Badri Pershad, Indira, Usha Shukla, Madhav Kale and many others. The Music Director was Jamal Sen. There were 11 songs in the film and today’s song is the 8th song to be discussed here. Actually this song is one of the best songs of the film and I wonder how this song was left untouched. Maybe for my use !

Jamal Sen. His name is not a famous name, because he gave music in just a few films, but the industry wallahs and lovers of classic music know him too well. He was one of those few ones who had immense capability, but like Sajjad Hussain, he too was stubborn, unbending, egoistic, outspoken and reserved. In an industry full of Chamchaas and cut throat competition, artistes like Jamal or Sajjad were misfits.

Lata Mangeshkar respected him so much that to sing in his films, she sent several feelers and messages to him till she was called by him. Lata sang 10 songs for him in 4 films. 6 were solos, 2 male duets and 2 were Female duets.

If talent were the only criterion for a composer to succeed, Jamal Sen should have been the most successful music director of his time. But he was not.

Jamal Sen’s proficiency in Singing, dancing (Kathak) and poetry, lent a touch of completeness to his musical acumen and set him apart from the run-of-the-mill composers, became a liability for him in an industry which had no value for real class. The result: a composer who gave such brilliant scores as in Shokhiyan and Daaera, died unsung, after a long spell of isolation.

Jamal Sen’s forefather Kesarji who hailed from Sujangarh in Rajasthan, was said to be a disciple of Tansen and was hence called Kesar Sen. Jamal Sen was born on 26th November 1904, at village Churu. The family tradition in music was passed on to Jamal at a very young age by his father Jeevan Sen, a court singer and an acknowledged Ustad. Jamal, who could sing and play various musical instruments was especially good on the dholak, tabla and Pakhawaj.

Jamal Sen had been in Calcutta initially and sang on AIR Calcutta. He met Pankaj Mullick and studied Ravindra Sangeet too. Due to this link, he joined Pankaj Mullick in giving music to film Kasturi-54 also. From there ,he shifted to Lahore in 1938.

While in Lahore, Jamal Sen was introduced by music director Shyam Sunder to Master Ghulam Haider, which marked the beginning of a fruitful association spanning 12 years. Sen’s knowledge of classical and folk music and his mastery over the dholak made him an asset to Ghulam Haider in films from Khazanchi (1941) to Majboor (1948), until Masterji migrated to Pakistan in the wake of Partition.

He shifted to Bombay, after partition. Then a chance meeting with director Kidar Sharma gave him a break in films as a composer, and he proved his virtuosity in his very first film, Shokhiyan in 1951.

The imaginative use of the raag Yaman Kalyan in “Sapana Ban Sajan Aaye” sung by Lata Mangeshkar was a testimony to the composer’s command over classical music. The songs — “Raaton Ki Neend Cheen li” by Suraiya, a ghazal where melody is predominant, and “Aai Barkha Bahar” by Lata, Pramodin & chorus, bore the richness of Rajasthani folk music. A “Door Des Se Aaja re” by Suraiya, Lata is a classic example of folk and classical music intermingling to create an enchanting melodic pattern.

Shokhiyan was followed by Kamal Amrohi’s Daera in 1953. Though a flop, the film is remembered for the perennial appeal of the bhajan, “Devta Tum Ho Mera Sahara, Maine Thama Hai Daman Tumhara” by Rafi, Mubarak Begum, & chorus, in Raag Bhoop. When the situation required, Sen could also compose a Western tune “Sun Sun Meri Kahani” by Rafi for Bhagwan’s ‘Rangeela’

Jamal Sen, who had begun his career as a singer on AIR, Calcutta—he was among the first to sing Vande Mataram on radio—should have stuck to a career in, classical singing. With his talent and lofty ideals, he was a misfit in films. His inability to manipulate and his refusal to compromise, made him a loner, and the mediocre films which he scored music for led to a colossal waste of his rich talent.

Jamal Sen knew Producer Director K.Asif for many years.Once they met somewhere and Asif took Jamal to the sets of Mughal-E Azam. There a dance sequence was to be shot and Gopikrishna was rehearsing the steps. Jamal saw everything but did not comment anything. As Asif knew him well, he suspected something and asked Jamal what was wrong. Jamal told him that the sets are absolutely appropriate but the dance steps and the ‘Bol’ were not commensurate with the period when Akbar was reigning. Asif asked him then and there to make new Dance steps, prepare the ‘Bol’ and make music for that sequence. Jamal Sen did that and Asif was more than happy.

However that piece of Dance and music was not used by Naushad in the film, possibly due to professional jealousy.

Later, when K. Asif announced Sasta Khoon Mehnga Paani, which had a Rajasthani backdrop, he-asked Jamal Sen to be an advisor to bring authenticity to Naushad’s compositions. But luck once again played truant with him and the project never saw the light of day.

A proud and arrogant man, Jamal Sen never went out of his way to grab work. As a result, he was slowly relegated to the periphery of the music scene, and then to oblivion. Shokhiyaan and Daaera were a thing of the past. A commerce-oriented cinema had little use for his talent. Under the circumstances, it was a poor consolation to him that his imaginative score in the documentary,Madhumakhi, won laurels abroad.

Jamal Sen knew his prowess. And was proud of it. Once, after hearing him sing, Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan called him a `Tansen’ and a ‘Sur Ka Bichhu’, Ustad Amir Khan described him as ‘Sangeet Shastri’. Notwithstanding the impressive titles and tributes, Jamal Sen continued to exist in a state of penury, unwanted and uncared for.

Jamal Sen should have been the most successful music director of his time. But he was not. In his last days Sen had but one friend, composer Ghulam Mohammed, who after being afflicted with a serious heart ailment, had shifted to Bombay’s far off suburb, Borivlii, where Sen was living in a dilapidated room.

In his later years, out of sheer frustration, he turned to liquor, and lived on the hope that his sons Shambhu Sen and Madan Sen would carry forward the family’s rich tradition in music. But Madan suddenly died of heart failure at the young age of 40. And he never recovered from the shock. Within a year, on April 12, 1979, he too died.

Jamal Sen composed music for 13 Hindi films.
Filmography:
1. Shokhiyan (1951)
2. Daera (1953)
3. Dharmapatni (1953)
4. Rangeela (1953)
5. Kasturi (1954), with Pankaj Mullick
6. Ritu Bahar (1954)
7. Patit Paawan (1955)
8. Amar Shaheed (1960)
9. Baghdad (1961)
10. Alha Udal (1962)
11. Manchali (1962)
12. Sankalpa (1974)
13. Pehla Kadam (1981)

Actually, Jamal Sen had retired in 1962 itself. When film Pehla kadam-81 was planned, a song which he had composed for film Shokhiyan, but had not used, was utilised in this film-Pehla kadam-81.

The cast consists of an actress Indira. Actually, the film Rangeela-1953 happens to be her Debut Hindi film. Indira is a ‘Same Name Confusion’ artiste. During the silent Era and early Talkie period, there was one Indira Devi. Her real name was Effie Hippolet- an Anglo-Indian. She acted in 24 silent films since 1927, but did only two Talkie films-Al-Hilal-35 and Wamaq Azra-1935. Then there is the comedian fatty Indira Bansal who was operative from 1951 to 1981, and worked in 116 films. This Indira was different.

Indira, one of Punjabi cinema’s most popular leading ladies of the 1960s, was born on August 6, 1938 in northern India. Growing up in an aristocratic family in the Punjab village of Kharian, her family lost everything when they had to flee their home during partition to settle in Kanpur. In 1952 her family shifted to Bombay where an Elder brother ran a successful business.

Indira was noticed by the popular comedian Bhagwan while he was shooting a movie at Jagriti Studios, and she was put in the cast of his film Rangeela (1953). Raj Kapoor, who happened to be visiting the set of Rangeela, noticed Indira and later cast her as the daughter of a rich industrialist in his film Shree 420 (1955).

Indira continued to appear in supporting roles in major Hindi productions like Funtoosh (1956), Mirza Sahibaan-1957, Yahudi (1958), and Dil Deke Dekho(1959). She had just appeared as the lead in the low budget yarn Jungle Ki Duniya (1959) when she was cast as the heroine in a Punjabi film titled Yamla Jatt in 1960. This was followed that same year by two more Punjabi pictures, Do Lacchian and Kiklee. All three films were very successful.

Returning to Hindi language movies, she found herself much in demand for B-films with colorful titles like Maya Mahal (1963), Jungle Boy (1963), Tarzan Aur Jadugar (1963), Pahadi Nagin (1964), Arab Ka Lal (1964), Son of Zimbo (1966), Sheba and Hercules (1967), Tarzan in Fairyland (1968) and CID Agent 302 (1968), sometimes playing the heroine, but more often than not as a vamp or villain. Occasionally she would snag a nice supporting role in a major production like Do Dil (1965) or Mere Huzoor (1968), and she still continued to star in Punjabi fare.

Sometimes billed as Indira Billi (her real name was Indira Kaur) she was interviewed in 1963 for Picture Post magazine where she talked about her beginnings: “I had not the good fortune of stepping into films and finding myself a heroine right from the start as had been the case with many glamor girls these days. It was a life of toil and tears, fighting every inch, every day, and month after month. Sometimes I was fed up, and felt tired of the ceaseless struggle to make my presence felt. With the struggle for existence keen and with not enough money, those early days were none too happy for a girl aspiring for a respectable place in the film world, let alone stardom. Sometimes I had my misgivings whether I was right in coming into films. Some kind of inferiority complex took hold of me and I thought several times that I would never become a star.”

Indira married cinema owner Shiv Kumar in the early to mid-1960s and left the film scene in the early 1970s.(Thanks to shri Mike Barnum ji and his blog-cinemajadoo.com).

After the phenomenal success of Albela-51, Master Bhagwan was in the seventh Heaven and floated his own production company,Bhagwan Art Productions and started making films after films, without realising that Albela’s success was mainly due to C.Ramchandra’s music and Geeta Bali. The result was as expected. Slowly but steadily, Bhagwan started going into the trap of huge debts due to unsuccessful films produced by him.

After a while, a day came when Bhagwan had to sell one by one all of his 10 cars, Bungalow etc and at the end of his career, he had to live in a one room tenement in a chawl, on the very street in Dadar named after his own uncle.

RANGEELA-1953 was one of the early failures of Bhagwan, in the series of future flops, beginning the imminent decline in few more years to come. This film was produced and directed by Bhagwan himself.

This was a story of a village boy-Babulal, who is eager to study in school, but due to his wicked step mother, has to do household chores instead. Fed up of this and to try his luck, he runs away to Bombay, where he meets Vidya Devi, a kind and young school teacher, who not only helps him but also starts teaching him, seeing his earnestness. Over a period, to sustain himself, Babulal, who was called Buddu in his village gets educated and also sells Chana, near to his school. Duly, he becomes a successful businessman, owning a shop, house etc. He is under the impression that Vidya Devi is in his love, but he is disillusioned when he hears a conversation between Vidya and her would be husband. Vidya refers to him as a good and honest student only.

Babulal learns that his father is in financial troubles and his house is up for auction. To help father, he collects all his money and is about to leave for village, when he learns that Vidya’s marriage to her fiance is in trouble, as Vidya’s father can not gather that much money.

Babulal is in two minds. Finally. he gives the money to her father for marriage, sells his shop, business and house to collect money and leaves for the village to help father.

The entire story went on predicted lines and did not succeed.

Here is the duet of Rafi and Asha Bhosle, with chorus. Let us enjoy this catchy song.


Song-Diya jale chamke taara (Rangeela)(1953) Singers- Asha Bhonsle, Rafi, Lyricist- Ehsan Rizvi, MD- Jamal Sen
Male chorus
Female chorus
All chorus
Asha Bhonsle + Rafi

Lyrics

aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa aa aa

a ha ha ha a ha ha a ha ha
a ha ha aha ha aha ha ha

diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara
diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara

piya bina man andhiyaara
ho o o
o o o
piya bina man andhiyaara
chamke taara
chamke taara
diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara

nain milaaye neend churaaye ae ae
saari saari rain jagaaye
o o nain milaaye neend churaaye ae ae
saari saari rain jagaaye ae ae
aaya aaya pyaar ka maara
o pyaar ka maara
diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa
ulti seedhi baat banaaye ae ae
jhoothhe tujhe kaun bulaaye ae ae
ulti seedhi baat banaaye ae ae
jhoothhe tujhe kaun bulaaye
aaya nahin chaand hamaara
chaand hamaara
diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara

prem bina jeevan pheeka aa aa
koi nahin meet kisi ka
o o man ka diya yoon na bujhaao o o
raam kare preet nibhaao o o
raam kare preet nibhaao o o

pyaar se hai jag ujiyaara
o ujiyaara

diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara
diya jale chamke taara
nyaara nyaara chamke taara


2 Responses to "Diyaa jale chamke taara"

HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY Sir ji.
Enjoyed reading this post and listening to the song. Thanks for the valuable information about Jamal Sen, Indira (and same name confusion) and information about this movie ‘Rangeela-1953’.
I always feel sad reading about actor Bhagwan’s life story and his life in his last days. But, that is how life goes on. Everybody has his or her share of success and failures.

Thanks and regards,

Like

Dear Avinash ji,
I am glad that you enjoyed the post. Such comments give me a feeling of satisfaction for work that has gone into making this post.
Thanks.
-AD

Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17100 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17102

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1329
Total Number of movies covered=4609

Total visits so far

  • 15,448,150 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,973 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 5000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: