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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3804 Post No. : 14798

“Akalmand”(1966) was directed by Roop K Shorey for Mukul Pictures, Bombay. This “social” movie had Kishore Kumar, I S Johar, Sonia Sahni, Praveen Chaudhary, Kamal Kapoor, Raj Kishore, V Gopal, Majnoon, Jeewankala, Madhu Malti, Wazeer Mohammad Khan, Kumar, Tuntun, Hari Shivdasani, Pratima Devi, Khursheed, Kaajal, Rajinder Singh, S K Khosla, Ram Kamlani, etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Six of these songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Akalmand”(1966) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Asha Bhonsle and Usha Mangeshkar. Aziz Kashmiri is the lyricist. Music is composed by O P Nayyar.

Only the audio of the song is available as far as I can tell. From the sounds of it, the song appears to be a synchronised dance song. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Baalmaa saajna duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne (Akalmand)(1966) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, Usha Mangeshkar, Lyrics-Aziz Kashmiri, MD-O P Nayyar

Lyrics

baalma
saajna aa
baalma
saajna aa
duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
baalma
saajna aa
baalma
saajna aa
duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne baalma aa

dekha pehli baar tumhen
haay kya nazaara thha
dekha pehli baar tumhen
haay kya nazaara thha
kis tarah bataayen tumhen
haal jo hamaara thha aa
kis tarah bataayen tumhen
haal jo hamaara thha
loota hain dil ye bekraar ne
bekaraar ne
bekraar ne
baalma
saajna aa
baalma
saajna aa
duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
baalma aa

ho jo mere bas mein to
motiyon mein taul doon
ho jo mere bas mein to
motiyon mein taul doon
pyaar hai kisi se tumhen
bhed saara khol doon
pyaar hai kisi se tumhen
bhed saara khol doon
thhaani hai kya dil mein sarkaar ne
sarkaar ne
sarkaar ne
baalma
saajna aa
baalma
saajna aa
duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
baalma
saajna aa
baalma
saajna aa
duniya bhula di tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne
tere pyaar ne baalma

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3804 Post No. : 14797

When we talk of Partition and Migration of artistes from India to Pakistan and vice versa, only the famous and the well known names are considered. There were hundreds of small time less known artists, viz. actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ” Who’s who: Music in Pakistan ” written by A.Shaikh and M.Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers,composers,lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times,the instrument players,chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences,for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why, when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore,he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt like a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry,many Partition immigrants came to dominate and transform the scene here.Film makers like Pancholi, Sippy,B R Chopra,Yash Chopra,Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also Partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim Film makers,writers,actors and composers,the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the Partition.

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950,including producers like Mehboob and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi-who went to Lahore,with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life,to India,after riots in Pakistan post Partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India,after a few years when they realised that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the Refugee camps of Delhi,where ever evening,for 2 hours Hindi films were shown free to all. ‘ Film India’ commented that there were more than 15000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay.It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films.Due to polarisation,there was much explosive writing published in this magazine,that time.

However,as before and always, Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture and a big rally,led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947,in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly,to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, Lata Mangeshkar had led a rally in Calcutta same time.

The famous Music Historian James Mc Connachie said, ” As India marched into an uncertain future-in 1947-Film songs offered something Unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation,something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India,chanting” Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang,nobody cared that Mohd.Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims,mush better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The rough guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli),Fateh ali khan (2 films,Aaina-44 and Director-47),Tufail farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekhojee-47). Inayat Hussai of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today’s song is from film Aaina-1944. Its music directors were Gulshan Sufi and Fateh Ali Khan. Fateh ali khan migrated to Pakistan after Partition and Gulshan Sufi went after mid 50s.

Fateh Ali Khan was a classical singer and a Qawwali musician in the 1940s and 1950s. He was born in Jalandhar, Punjab, British India in 1901. Fateh Ali Khan was the father of Pakistani Qawwali musicians, Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan. Their family had an unbroken tradition of Qawwali, linked closely to the Sufi Chishti Order for over 600 years. Fateh Ali Khan was trained in classical music and Qawwali by his father, Maula Baksh Khan (Ali Khan), and he, soon after his training, distinguished himself as a skilled vocalist and instrumentalist. He learned to play traditional Indian instruments such as sitar, sarod and vichitra veena as well as Western instruments like the violin. He also mastered thousands of verses in Punjabi, Urdu, Arabic and Persian.

Fateh Ali Khan was the leader of his family’s Qawwali party but they were billed as Fateh Ali Khan, Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Mubarak Ali Khan, his brother, shared both singing and harmonium-playing duties with him. They were regarded as among the foremost exponents of Qawwali in their time. They are credited with popularizing the poetry of Allama Iqbal through their singing. Iqbal’s poetry was regarded as difficult to set musical tunes to, and while he was highly admired in academic circles and by intellectuals, Allama Iqbal did not have much of a popular following yet among the common people mainly due to the radio broadcasting technology still under development back then in British India. Fateh Ali Khan and Mubarak Ali Khan, more than anyone else, helped Iqbal achieve popular success as well: Allama Iqbal paid the ultimate homage to the two brothers by saying: ‘I was restricted to schools and colleges only. You (Ustad Fateh Ali Khan) have spread my poetry through India’.

Like many other musicians,Fateh ali khan too wanted to try his hand at Film music. In India,he gave music only to 2 films, that too with other composers. One was film Aaina-1944, along with Gulshan Sufi and the other was film Director-1947, along with Lachhiram Tamar. After partition he migrated to Pakistan with all his family. In Pakistan, however, he had better luck in films. He gave music to Do kinare-50, Harjaai-52, Shola-52, Bedari-57 ( ditto copy of our film Jagriti-1954), Saathi-59 and Tum na maano-61. He also sang in film Waada-57 and Raagini-58. Ustad Fateh Ali Khan was the foremost sitar-player and film music composer of the 1950’s in Pakistan.His compositions in Bedari (1957)became run-away super-hits in Pakistan because they were a heart-felt tribute to the founder of Pakistan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, and the public’s sentiments about patriotism.

In 1948, his son, Nusrat, was born in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Fateh Ali Khan wanted Nusrat to become a doctor or an engineer because he felt Qawwali artists had low social status. However, Nusrat showed such interest in and aptitude for Qawwali that his father soon relented, and began training him. However, Fateh Ali Khan died in 1964 at the age of sixty-three, when Nusrat was sixteen and still in school. Nusrat’s training was completed by Fateh Ali Khan’s brothers, Mubarak Ali Khan and Salamat Ali Khan. (information adapted from wiki, Harish Raghuwanshi ji, pakfilms.net and my notes).

The cast of the film Aaina-41 consisted of Husn Banu, Yakub, Trilok kapoor, Yashodhara katju, Rajkumari Shukla, Gope etc etc. The film had two Lyricists- Pt. Phani and Tanvir Naqvi. ( Naqvi had also migrated to Pakistan). The film was directed by S.M. Yusuf. Even he had migrated to Pakistan.

S.M.Yusuf – Shaikh Mohammed Yousuf, (20-6-1910 at Poona to 17-8-1994 at Lahore) was originally from U.P. and started his career by assisting directors in various studios. He was one cine artist who migrated to Pakistan and became a very successful director there too. Actress Nigar Sultana was his second wife for 5 years.

After Partition,several artistes-heroes,heroines,Directors,Comedians,lyricists,Composers, Singers and character artistes migrated to Pakistan. Almost 90% of them failed there miserably. Some of them like Meena Shorey shone for a while but ended up in penury and anonymity. Exceptions were like Malika -e-Tarannum Noorjahan. from the successful artistes,the major chunk was musicians-composers like Khurshid Anwar,Nissar Bazmi, Nashad etc. Among the directors. S M Yusuf was the exception who succeeded. The migration of Cine artistes continued till 1965,when President General Ayub Khan banned Indian actors. Shaikh Mukhtar-1963 and Kumar-64 were probably the last to migrate to Pakistan. Till then some artistes like Sheila Ramani,Nasir Khan,pran,Manorama,composer Timir Baran etc went and worked in Pakistani films.

S.M.Yusuf started directing films in India from Bharat ke Laal-36. He directed 20 films like,Darban, Aaina, grihasthi, Saheli, Mehendi,GuruGhantal, Bahurani, Maalik, Gujara, Hyderabad ki Nazneen, Bikhre Moti etc.

When he went to Pakistan,in late 50s,he made his first film there Saheli,which was a ditto remake of his own Hindi film- Mehendi-1950. This film Saheli became such a great hit that it virtually grabbed all major awards including a Nigar award for S M Yusuf himself. He made about 13 films in Pakistan,before he died on 17-8-1994,at Lahore,from where he had begun his career !

Film Aaina-44 was a social film. It depicted a family, in which the mother in law, due to her short temper, querulous and quarrelsome nature almost destroys her happy family. She has 2 existing daughters in law who are submissive. The third daughter in law is different. Initially she tolerates mother in law’s tantrums,but later on she teaches her a lesson and brings peace and happiness back to the family. This type of stories were abundant in the 70s and 80s in Bollywood. Title Aaina was used in 1944,1977, 1993 and 2014 also.

Film Aaina-44 had 8 songs. 7 songs were already covered. Today’s song is the 8th and the final song of the film. So, film Aaina-44 joins those films which have ALL songs covered.


Song-Bharat Mata ki Beti shakti ka avtaar (Aaina)(1944) Singer-Zohrabai Ambalewali, Lyrics-Pt. Phani
MD- Fateh Ali Khan
chorus

Lyrics

Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

aa samay samay par devi toone
samay samay par devi toone
badla hai sansaar
samay samay par devi toone
badla hai sansaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat Mata ki Beti
shakti ka avtaar

jahaan pati pooja karwaaya
wahaan shaanti laayi
jahaan pati pooja karwaaya
wahaan shaanti laayi

deep bani andhere ghar ka
shobha ban muskaayi
deep bani andhere ghar ka
shobha ban muskaayi

pati ki kismat ka hai taara
bindiya teri naam
pati ?? hai taaraaaa
bindiya teri naam
ae bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar

dheeraj tera dharam hai naari
daya hai teri shaan
dheeraj tera dharam hai naari
daya hai teri shaan

prem pujaaran tu satwanti
pati tera bhagwaan
prem pujaaran tu satwanti
pati tera bhagwaan

sote bhaagya jagaaye
tere paayal ki jhankaar
sote bhaagya jagaaye
tere paayal ki jhankaar
ae Bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar
ae Bharat mata ki beti
shakti ka avtaar


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3803 Post No. : 14796 Movie Count :

4046

Sometimes, suddenly and unexpectedly, Lady Luck smiles on you and you are so bewildered, you don’t know how to enjoy that moment of Luck. This happened in my case. I have been writing about songs in old time movies and discussing about the people who made that film, that song and the circumstances in which the movie was made etc.

Sometimes,I come across a film, about which nothing-absolutely nothing- is available. No information, no songs, nothing. This is the dead end. But like a true crusader, I continue my efforts about that film, even when, leaving it aside, I have continued with my work. At times, I strike Gold, when it is not expected and I feel like dancing in the rain !

It is not only about a song or a movie, even an actor can get me stumped and then suddenly, there is light at the end of the tunnel ! I can quote several such examples, but I will limit my discussion only about today’s film, song and the MD.

I bought HFGK in mid 2012, that is six years ago and since then film Chowrangee-42 was on my radar. I was very curious about this film, because this was the only Hindi film in which the Great Poet of Bangladesh- Kazi Nazrul Islam, had composed some songs ( 2 songs, confirmed) as a Music Director and also had written those two songs as a Lyricist.

Kazi Nazrul Islam is to Bangladesh, what Rabindranath Tagore is to West Bengal. While, to my knowledge, Tagore never wrote any Naat or a Muslim religious verse, kazi wrote hundreds of Bhajans and Geets on Lord Rama and Krishna. Though many films- Bangla and Hindi- are based on the stories or novels of Tagore, he has not contributed anything directly to any Hindi film ( I do not know about Bangla films). On the other hand Kazi has written story of film Sapera-39 and provided Lyrics and Music to film Chowrangee-42 directly. Like Tagore’s Rabindra Sangeet, it was Nazrul Geeti in Bengal. I am not comparing them. Both were great souls.

The life story of Kazi is full of ups and downs. His last few years were spent in Glory but in very bad health.There were several deaths in his family. His wife became paralytic and he spent time in a Mental Hospital in Ranchi. After the formation of Bangladesh in 1971, the new country, invited him, bestowed honours on him, declaring him ” The National Poet”. The Bangladesh government also took good care of him in his last 4 years, but he was medically unfit to enjoy his glory.

Kazi Nazrul Islam (24 May 1899 – 29 August 1976) Composer and songwriter was born in Burdwan Dist., Bengal. With Tagore he was the major influence on popular Bengali music in the 20th C. Known as the Bidrohi Kavi or Rebel Poet and directly associated with radical nationalist movements (e.g. through the journal Dhoomketu which he edited in 1922, leading to his imprisonment on a charge of sedition), his poetry constitutes the first radical intervention into Hindu and Muslim devotional music, e.g. his famous addresses to the goddess Kali, his ghazal compilations (Chokher Chatak, 1929) and Islamic devotionals (Zulfikar, 1932). Much of his music, continued by the IPTA’s Bengali song repertoire, was polemically seen as a radical-romantic use of the ‘ tradition’ (e.g. Salil Choudhury, 1955). One of the first composer-writers to sign contracts with major record companies in Bengal (for Megaphone and Senola and later HMV) and with the Indian Broadcasting Corp., opening up new employment opportunities to a generation of younger composers such as Anil Biswas, S.D. Burman, Kamal Dasgupta and even Kishore Kumar (whose song Ai ek dui tran char gili gili/bam chick boob chick badhke bol in Kehte Hain Mujhko Raja, 1975, adapts Islam’s famous Cham chiki ude gelo). Created an urban variation of tribal jhumur music for Sailajananda Mukherjee’s Pataal Puri and wrote the songs for Nandini (1941) and Dikshul (1943). Some sources credit him as director for Dhruva, in which he played the Hindu sage Narad. Started Bengal Tiger Pics with Abbasuddin Ahmed. Their film of Islam’s novel Madina remained unfinished.

A significant impact of Nazrul’s work in Bengal was that it made Bengali Muslims more comfortable with the Bengali arts, which used to be dominated by
Bengali Hindus. His Islamic songs are popular during Ramadan in Bangladesh. He also wrote devotional songs on the Hindu Goddess Kali. Nazrul also composed a number of notable Shyamasangeet, Bhajan and Kirtan, combining Hindu devotional music.

Bengali polymath, poet, writer, musician, revolutionary and philosopher. Popularly known as Nazrul, his poetry and music espoused Indo-Islamic renaissance and intense spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. Nazrul’s impassioned activism for political and social justice earned him the title Bidrohi Kobi (The Rebel Poet). His musical compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul geeti (Music of Nazrul). Accomplishing a large body of acclaimed works through his life, Nazrul is officially recognised as the National Poet of Bangladesh and highly commemorated in India and the Muslim world.
Born into a Bengali Muslim Quazi (Kazi) family, Nazrul received religious education and worked as a muezzin at a local mosque. He learned of poetry, drama, and literature while working with theatrical groups. After serving in the British Indian Army, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Calcutta. He assailed the British Raj in India and preached revolution through his poetic works, such as Bidrohi (The Rebel) and Bhangar Gaan (The Song of Destruction), as well as his publication Dhumketu (The Comet). His nationalist activism in the Indian independence movement often led to his imprisonment by British authorities. While in prison, Nazrul wrote the Rajbandir Jabanbandi (Deposition of a Political Prisoner). Exploring the life and conditions of the downtrodden masses of the Indian subcontinent, Nazrul worked for their emancipation. His poetry and music fiercely inspired Bengalis during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
During his visit to Comilla in 1921, Nazrul met a young Bengali Hindu woman, Pramila Devi, with whom he fell in love, and they married on 25 April 1924. Brahmo Samaj criticised Pramila, a member of the Brahmo Samaj, for marrying a Muslim. Muslim religious leaders criticized Nazrul for his marriage to a Hindu woman.

Nazrul’s writings explore themes such as love, freedom, and revolution; he opposed all bigotry, including religious and gender. Throughout his career, Nazrul wrote short stories, novels, and essays but is best known for his poems, in which he pioneered new forms such as Bengali ghazals. Nazrul wrote and composed music for his nearly 4,000 songs (including gramophone records), collectively known as Nazrul geeti (Songs of Nazrul), which are widely popular today. In 1942 at the age of 43 Nazrul himself fell ill and gradually began losing his power of speech. His behaviour became erratic, he started spending recklessly and fell into financial difficulties. In spite of her own illness, his wife constantly cared for her husband. However, Nazrul’s health had seriously deteriorated and he grew increasingly depressed. He underwent medical treatment under homeopathy as well as Ayurveda, but little progress was achieved before mental dysfunction intensified and he was admitted to a mental asylum in 1942. Spending four months there without making progress, Nazrul and his family began living a quiet life in India. In 1952, he was transferred to a psychiatric hospital in Ranchi. Through the efforts of a large group of admirers who called themselves the “Nazrul Treatment Society”, Nazrul and Promila were sent to London, then to Vienna for treatment. The examining doctors said he had received poor care, and Dr. Hans Hoff, a leading neurosurgeon in Vienna, diagnosed that Nazrul was suffering from Pick’s disease.It was rumoured that this was because of slow poisoning by the British Government. His condition was judged to be incurable, Nazrul returned to Calcutta on 15 December 1953. On 30 June 1962 his wife Pramila died, and Nazrul remained in intensive medical care. He stopped working due to his deteriorating health.

On 24 May 1972, the newly independent nation of Bangladesh brought Nazrul to live in Dhaka with the consent of the Government of India. In January 1976, he was accorded the citizenship of Bangladesh.Despite receiving treatment and attention, Nazrul’s physical and mental health did not improve. In 1974. his youngest son, Kazi Aniruddha, a guitarist, died, and Nazrul soon succumbed to his long-standing ailments on 29 August 1976.

His Filmography – 1937: Bidyapati (Writer), 1938: Gora, 1939: Sapurey (Writer), Sapurey/Sapera (Writer), 1942: Chauranghee, Chauranghee, 1949-Chattagram Astraghar Lunthan, 1972: Padi Pishir Barmi Baksha (Lyricist) ( information adapted from Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema and wiki).

I was ecstatic when recently, I could lay my hands on one song of this film, composed and written by Kazi. These songs are so rare that for the last 76 years none of these songs have ever appeared on public domain, like YT etc.
Film Chowrangee-42 was a Muslim social film on a professional singer’s life, who had a Kotha on Chowrangee area of Calcutta. The film was produced by Fazli brothers, known to make films on Muslim background only. The film was directed by the younger brother- Sibtain Fazli.

The producers Fazli brothers, were the sons of Khan Bahadur S M Fazal Rabb of Beharaich- about 125 kms from Lucknow in U.P. The elder brother was Hasnain and the younger brother was Sibtain ( born on 9-7-1916). Hasnain Fazli was born on 12-1-1912 in United Province (today’s U.P.). Their family belonged to the noble Sayyads of Allahabad. Hasnain was a graduate of Allahabad University. Though his father was a Khan Bahadur, a Government Jahagirdar and lifetime Magistrate, Hasnain refused to do any service and did not complete his I.C.S. studies, as expected by the family.

He had a creative mind. He joined film line. He was very keen on making a film on Muslim Society. In those days it was considered outrageous to produce a film on Muslim society for fear of the ire of the fundamentalists. However Hasnain broke the barrier and the first Muslim Social film Qaidi-40 was produced and directed by him under the banner of Film Corporation of India, Calcutta. Very cleverly, the film was made at Calcutta, ( though the film depicted life in Lucknow ), and not at Bombay to avoid any disruption in the making of the film. The film was made so well that it was received very well by all strata of population, including the Muslims and became a hit film. After this Hasnain made more Muslim social films like Masoom-41, Chowranghee-42, Fashion-43 and Ismat-44. These films discussed Muslim family life and problems etc.

His first directorial film was at his 23rd year- Triya Charitra-35. Then came Sajiv Murti-35, in which the Handsome Vijay Kumar from Himachal Pradesh was the Hero. Fazli brothers also made Dil-46, Mehendi-47, Duniya-49 and Khoobsurat-52. Hasnain was so talented that he himself wrote the film stories, screenplays and dialogues usually. Sibtain Fazli directed 3 films-Chowranghee-42, Ismat-44 and Mehendi-47.

After the Partition, Fazli brothers migrated to Pakistan. Sibtain remained in Pakistan and Hasnain returned to India to make 2 more films. Later Hasnain too relocated to Lahore and died there on 16-7-1957. His brother Sibtain ( 9-7-1916 to 25-7-1985) who had directed 3 films in India, made 4 films in Pakistan, including the most popular Urdu film of Madam Nurjehan – Dupatta-52.

Film Chowrangee had 13 songs. It included 3 wonderful Ghazals- 2 by Jigar Moradabadi and 1 by Mirza Ghalib ( I have heard these songs). It will be the first time that a song from this film-in its full form- will be available on You Tube, because our Sadanand ji Kamath has uploaded it on my request. Thanks Sadanand ji.

Hanuman Prasad Sharma ( aka Hanuman Prasad Triloki. Both are same. Triloki and Sharma are surnames in Brahmins. This is like the other case. The son of Bhagatram Batish, of Husnlal-Bhagatram duo, Ashok, calls himself as Ashok Sharma.) was also a Music Director for this film. With this film he made his debut in Hindi films. Unfortunately, except for 4 songs-2 for each MD- HFGK is silent on the singer or MD’s names of remaining 9 songs, making it difficult to know the reality. However, according to Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, the Lori, ” aa jaa ri nindiya ” is also composed by Kazi. May be, in future, some proof or information will emerge to confirm or clarify matters !

There were as many as 5 Lyricists for these 13 songs- Kazi Nazrul Islam, Arzoo lucknowi, Mirza Ghalib, Jigar Moradabadi and Partav Lucknowi. With this song , not only the movie, but also Kazi Nazrul Islam makes his Debut on the Blog as an MD and a Lyricist. Enjoy this historical song….


Song-Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee (Chowrangee)(1942) Singer-Unknown female, Lyrics- Kazi Nazrul Islam, MD- Kazi Nazrul Islam

Lyrics

Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

gore kaale aawen jaawen
gore kaale aawen jaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
apni apni chhab dikhlaawen
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
ye dagar mein sab sansaar aar aar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee

kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne aawe raaja baabu
kitne hamse bechaare
kitne apne dil ke bande
kitne prem pujaari ee ee
kitne prem pujaari
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
koi kisi ko raah lagaaye
koi aakar khud kho jaaye
seedha rasta peer hazaar
seedha rasta peer hazaar
iski duniya rang birangee
iski duniya rang birangee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee
Chowranghee hai ye chowranghee


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3803 Post No. : 14795

Jigar Muradabadi (06/04/1890 – 09/09/1960) has been often called as ‘shaayar of beauty and love’. Jigar confined his poetry mostly covering his admiration for beauty, love, and emotions. It is said that his poetry has some influence of Daagh Dehlvi and Momin Khan Momin.

I have read through almost all of his ghazals that are available online and in Hindi (or Roman Hindi). There are no philosophical or spiritual tones in almost all of his ghazals. Like-wise I have not come across any poetry depicting the situations during the British rules though he had spent much of his life under British rule. Even if such poems do exist, perhaps they have not been well publicised. After independence also, his poetry did not venture much into the socio-economic situations in the country which had been the main plank of Urdu poets associated with PWA.

Jigar says :

Unka jo farz hai wo ahl-e-siyasat jaane
Mera paighaam mohabbat hai jahaan tak pahunche

[What is their duties only politician would know.
I give the message of love wherever it reaches]

As in the case of some Urdu poets like Majaaz Lucknawi, Jigar’s ghazals are a sort of his own autobiography. From 1920 to 1938, his life was captivated by alcohol and the beauty. Married at an early age, he had numerous love affairs, all of which turned out to be failures. These are all reflected in his ghazals. But unlike Majaaz who rued his failed love affairs in his poetry, Jigar can find joy even in his unfulfilled love because, for him, the experience of love itself is a joy.

It has been stated that he had a huge fan following encompassing both the elites and the masses. The respect he got cut across the religious lines. It is said that participation of Jigar Muradabadi was a sure success of a mushiara due to his poetry and the melodious renditions.

Jigar did not formally become guide to the budding young Urdu poets of his time. But he was a source of inspirations and mentors for poets like Behzad Lucknawi, Majrooh Sultanpuri, Shakeel Badayuni, Khumar Barabankvi etc.

I am presenting Jigar Muradabadi’s one of those ghazals which seems to have been ignored by many prominent ghazal singers. This beautiful non-film ghazal is ‘sharmaa gaye lajja gaye daaman chhuda gaye’ (1993). Ghazal is composed and rendered by Rochana Dahanukar. Her rendition of the ghazal is preceded by a she’r which has, more or less, the same meaning as that of the maqta of the ghazal. I am not sure whether the first she’r was written by Jigar Muradabadi. I have tried to translate the ghazal below to the best of my ability:

taghaaful tajaahul tabassum takallum
yahaan tak to pahunche hain wo aate aate

Taghaaful = Neglect, unmindful.
Tajaahul= Feigning ignorance.
Tabassum= Smile.
Takallum= Converations, Talking.

[She is uncaring, she ignores me, at times she talks and smiles.
At least she has slowly reached me thus far.]

sharmaa gaye laja gaye daaman chhuda gaye
ai ishq marhabaa wo yahaan tak to aa gaye

Marhabaa=Hello, Welcome

[She blushed, shied and then moved away from me.
O my love, welcome, at least she came thus far.]

dil par hazaar tarah ke auhaam chhaa gaye
yeh tum ne kya kiya meri duniya mein aa gaye

Auhaam= Whims, superstitions.

[A thousand types of superstitions descended on me.
What you have done by coming into my life.]

sehn-e-chaman ko apni bahaaron pe naaz thha
wo aa gaye to saari bahaaron pe chaa gaye

Sehn-e-chaman= Garden courtyard.

[The courtyard of garden was so proud of the season of spring.
When she came, she overshadowed the season of spring.]

ab kya karoon main fitrat-e-nakaam-e-ishq ko
jitne thhe haadsaat mujhe raas aa gaye

Fitrat-e-nakaam-e-ishq= nature/creation of unrequited love.
haadsaat= Calamities

[What can I do about the creation of unrequited love?
The number of such calamities I faced, I enjoyed them.]

Rochana Dahanukar had started as a classical/ghazal singer with 3 albums to her credit in the 90s. Later on, she had her own musical band giving performance in India and abroad. She is also a voice trainer for the upcoming singers.

This ghazal of Jigar Muradabadi has joie de vivre in all the she’rs except the last one where the poet is helpless in facing numerous calamities from his unrequited love. But he still says that he enjoyed them because of the experience of imagining the love.

Enjoy this beautiful ghazal in the sonorous voice of Rochana Dahanukar.

Audio Clip:

Song-Sharma gaye laja gaye daaman chhuda gaye (Rochana Dahanukar NFS)(1993) Singer-Rochana Dahanukar, Lyrics-Jigar Muradabadi, MD-Rochana Dahanukar

Lyrics

taghaaful tajaahul tabassum takallum
taghaaful tajaahul tabassum takallum
yahaan tak to pahunche hain wo aate aate

sharmaa gaye laja gaye daaman chhuda gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye daaman chhuda gaye
ai ishq marhabaa wo yahaan tak to aa gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye

dil par hazaar tarah ke auhaam chhaa gaye
dil parrrrrrrrrr
dil par
dil par hazaar tarah ke auhaam chhaa gaye
yeh tumne kya kiya meri duniya mein aa gaye
yeh tumne kya kiya meri duniya mein aa gaye
ai ishq marhabaa wo yahaan tak to aa gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye

sehn-e-chaman ko apni
sehn-e-chaman ko apni bahaaron pe naaz thhaa
sehn-e-chaman ko apni bahaaron pe naaz thhaa
wo aa gaye to saari bahaaron pe chhaa gaye
wo aa gaye to saari bahaaron pe chhaa gaye
ai ishq marhabaa wo yahaan tak to aa gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye

ab kya karoon main fitrat-e-naakaam ishq ko
ab kya karoon main fitrat-e-naakaam ishq ko
jitne thhe haadsaat mujhe raas aa gaye
jitne thhe haadsaat mujhe raas aa gaye
ai ishq marhaba wo yahaan tak to aa gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye daaman chhuda gaye
ai ishq marhabaa wo yahaan tak to aa gaye
sharmaa gaye laja gaye


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Blog Day : 3802 Post No. : 14794

“Kaala Patthar”(1979) was directed by Yash Chopra for Yashraj Films Bombay.

This movie was a multi starrer movie and it had Shashi Kapoor, Rakhi, Amitabh Bachchan, Shatrughan Sinha, Neetu Singh, Parveen Babi, Prem Chopra, Parikshat Sahni, Romesh Sharma, (special apopearance), Poonam Dhillon (special appearance), Manmohan Krishan, Madan Puri, Ifthikar, Satyen Kappu, Yunus Parwez, Geeta Sidharth, Gautam Sareen, Sharat Saxena, MacMohan, Mahaan, Sudhir Dalwai, Sudha Chopra, Harish, Mohan Sherry, Vikas Anand, Jagdeesh Raj, Suresh Oberoi, Prem Sagar, Pardesi, Nazir Kashmiri, Ashok Rajdan etc in it.

The movie was released with great fanfare and it was expected to be a blockbuster. But the movie received lukewarm response from the movie goers, much to the surprise of experts. Subsequently it was concluded that Indian audience do not patronise movies that depict disasters. They are into escapist stuff rather than into tales based on real life disaster. “Kaala Patthar”(1979) was inspired from the Chasnala mine disaster that had taken place on 27 december 1975.

Chasnala mine was located adjacent to an abandoned mine (separated by a wall of coal) that tended to get filled with rain water. A panel of experts had recommended that water accumulation in that abandoned mine was required to be avoided and secondly the barrier of coal separating this abandoned mine from adjacent locations was to be left untouched.

The recommendations were disregarded. Permission was sought and obtained to mine coal from the barrier.

As coal from this barrier was being mined, the coal wall separating this mine from the abandoned water filled mine caved in and water flooded the Chasnala mine, killing 372 miners who were working inside the mine.

This incident was the biggest industrial tragedy of India till that time and subsequently it was overtaken by Bhopal gas tragedy on 2 and 3 december 1984.

Coming to the movie, the movie had six songs in it. Five songs have been covered in the past. Here are their details:-

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Ik raastaa hai zindagi 2970 15-Sep-10
Ishq aur mushq kade na chhupde 5273 9-Jan-12
Baahon mein teri masti ke ghere 6005 24-May-12
Mujhe pyaar ka tohfa de ke 14337 12-May-18
Dhoom mache dhoom 14761 24-Nov-18

The sixth and final song from the movie is sung by Lata and chorus. Sahir Ludhianvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Rajesh Roshan.

The song is picturised as a wedding ritual song where Neetu Singh lip syncs the song. The picturisation shows Poonam Dhillon playing the bride and Romesh Sharma the groom while almost the entire starcast seems to be attending the wedding function.

This song has gone on to become one of several must sung songs in Indian weddings.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala long long ago in 2013.

With this song, all the songs of “Kaala Patthar”(1979)have been covered and the movie joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.

Video

Audio

Song-Meri dooron se aayi baaraat (Kaala Patthar)(1979) Singer-Lata, Lyrics-Sahir Ludhianvi, MD-Rajesh Roshan
chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni
meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni

balma chhail chhabeela
mann ko mohe
joda rang rangeela
tan pe sohe
balma chhail chhabeela
mann ko mohe
main to waari jaaun
balihaari jaaun
pada paaon yeh kiska aangan mein
phool khile phool se mere tan mann mein
chhoota mayke ki galiyon kaa saath
maiya main to paauni
meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni

le gaye dil ko loot ke tere bol raseele ae
ghaayal kar gaye haay
ghaayal kar gaye jaan ko tere nain kateele ae
le gaye dil ko loot ke tere bol raseele
main toh waari jaaun
balihaari jaaun
jab mukhda dekhoon darpan mein
teri soorat ubhre nainan mein
bhali laage naa naihar ki baat
maiya main to paauni
meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni

waar diya maine tujh par
dil waar diya
haar diya maine sab kuchh
are haar diya
maar diya toone julmi
haay maar diya
main to waari jaaun balihaari jaaun
teraa naam base meri dhadkan mein
teraa roop hanse mere sapnan mein
liya saajan ne haathon mein haath
maiya main to ho paauni
meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni
meri dooron se aayi baaraat
maiya main to paauni


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3801 Post No. : 14793

“Guru Ghantaal”(1956) was produced by R N Sharma and N K Kaushik and directed by S M Yusuf for V K pictures Bombay. The movie had Sheila Ramani, Motilal, Usha Kiran, Agha, Sundar, Mirza Musharraf, Paro, Sheikh, Kesri, Vijaybala, Ravikant, Jagdev etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Four songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Guru Ghantaal”(1956) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Khawar Zamaan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Lachchiram.

Only the audio of this rare song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-O jaane waale salaamat jawaani teri (Guru Ghantaal)(1956) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Khawar Zamaan, MD-Pt Lachchiram

Lyrics

o o o
o o
jaane waale ae
jaane wale ae ae
salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri

jaane waale salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri
jaane waale salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale ae

tujhko apni kasam
ek nazar dekh ja
ek nazar dekh ja
ho o o
baat karna
ho baat karna na karna
magar dekh ja
kuchh to rah jaaye dil mein nishaani teri
o meharbaani teri
kuchh to rah jaaye dil mein nishaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale ae
jane wale salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale ae

mast aankhen teri
jaam hai mad bhari
jaam hai mad bhari o o
jhooth maane to le aaina dekh le
aaina dekh le
aaina keh raha hai kahaani teri
o meharbaani teri
aaina keh raha hai kahaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale ae
jaane waale salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale salaamat jawaani teri
ik nazar dekh ja meharbaani teri
o meharbaani teri
o jaane waale ae ae ae


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3800 Post No. : 14791

“Spy in Goa”(1966) was directed by Dharam Kumar. This “stunt” movie had Sheikh Mukhtar, Randhwa, Malika, Meenakshi, Amarnath, Maruti, Helen, Hercules etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Spy in Goa”(1966) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by Usha Khanna and chorus. Yogesh is the lyricist. Music is composed by Robin Bannerji.

The song is picturised as a club dance song. I am unable to identify the lady who lip syncs in Usha Khanna’s voice. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify her.


Song-Aao na jaane jaan..ye samaa khushnuma(Spy in Goa)(1966) Singer-Usha Khanna, Lyrics-Yogesh, MD-Robin Bannerji
Chorus

Lyrics

aa aa aa
aa aa aa

aa aa aa
aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa

ye sama
ru ru ru
khushnuma
ru ru ru
aao na
ru ru ru ru
jaane jaan
ru ru ru ru
chhed de hum jawaan
daastaan
aao na
ye sama
khushnuma
aao na jaane jaan
chhed den
hum jawaan
daastaan

aaj chhaaya hai ye kya
in fizaaon mein ae dilruba
haaye jaalim nasha madbhara
saaj-e-dil pe ae sanam
dhun koi haay ab pyaar ki
chhed de tu bhi zara
ye sama
ru ru ru
khushnuma
ru ru ru
aao na
ru ru ru ru
jaane ja
ru ru ru ru
chhed de hum jawaaan
daastaan
aao na
ye sama
khushnuma
aao na ae jaane ja
ched de ham jawaan
daastaan

beet jaaye na yoonhi
baaton baaton mein dekho kahin
aaj humdum ye ghadiyaan haseen
kaun jaane kal ho kya
yahaan pal ka nahin hai pata
kar na kal pe tu yakeen
ye sama
ru ru ru
ho khushnuma
ru ru ru
aao na
ru ru ru ru
jaane jaan
ru ru ru ru
ched de
hum jawaan
ru
daastaan
aao na
ye sama
khushnuma
aao na
ae jaane ja
ched de ham jawaan
daastaan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3798 Post No. : 14788

“Bullet”(1976) was directed by Vijay Anand for Navketan Productions on the occasion of the silver jubilee of this production house. This movie had Dev Anand, Parveen Babi, Rakesh Roshan, Kabir Bedi, Jyoti Bakshi (new discovery), Sonia Sahni, Shreeram Laagoo, Jagdeep, Mohan Sherry, Ranjana Sachdev, Murad, Ranjan, Sheela, Shefali, Jazebel, Julie, Ratna, Julien, Mamaji, Moolchand, Sharat Saxena etc in it.

This movie had four songs in it. Three songs have been covered in the past. Here is the list of the songs already covered:-

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Jab tum chale jaaoge to yaad bahut aaoge 5100 4-Dec-11
Chori chori chupke chupke tere mere bin 13614 26-Sep-17
Mat chhedo gham ki baaten 14785 9-Dec-18

The fourth and final song left to be covered is in fact the first song in the movie. It is the title song of the movie as well, where the word bullet appears more than fifty times.
Sudhir Jee, in his comments to the earlier song mentions that

Praveen Babi is the love interest of Dev Anand, and Jyoti Bakshi is the love interest of Rakesh Roshan. Both are police officers. Praveen Babi works for Kabir Bedi, who is actually a gangster. Dev Anand is after him, but Kabir Bedi is successful in getting Dev Anand suspended from the police force on fabricated charges.

In the sequence of events, Jyoti Bakshi gets killed, and that pits Rakesh Roshan against Dev Anand, as the suspicion falls on the latter. Dev Anand then visits Kabir Bedi in his office and drops a bullet on his table, and challenges him that this bullet carries his (Kabir Bedi’s name) and that his days are numbered. That is where the title of the film comes from.

The song is sung by Kishore Kumar. Anand Bakshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by R D Burman.

With this song, “Bullet”(1976) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.

Audio

Video

Song-Bullet bullet (Bullet)(1976) Singer-Kishore Kumar, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-R D Burman
Chorus

Lyrics

bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet
bullet

hey dekho
yeh kya hai
ispe naam tera likha hai
arre dekho
yeh kya hai
ispe naam tera likha hai

bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet

hey dekho yeh kya hai
ispe naam tera likha hai

bekhabar baitha hai
mast hai peene mein
ek din yeh lagegi pyaare tere seene mein
bekhabar baitha hai
mast hai peene mein
ek din yeh lagegi pyaare tere seene mein
are yaar mere abb hota kya hai aage aage aage aage
dekho yeh kya hai
tere dard e dil ki dawa hai
ispe naam tera likha hai
bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet

are dekho yeh kya hai
ispe naam tera likha hai

lallalala
lala
lalla
lalla

yeh nahin toh kya hai
jisse tu darta hai
main tujhe aur tu kisko talaash karta hai
yeh nahin toh kya hai
jisse tu darta hai
main tujhe aur tu kisko talaash karta hai

are yaar mere ab hota kya hai
aage aage aage aage
dekho yeh kya hai
yeh kya hai yeh tujhko pata hai
ispe naam tera likha hai
bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet

are are dekho yeh kya hai, ispe naam tera likha hai

yaad rakh deewaane
yaad rakh deewaane
tu woh parwaana hai
usko apni lagaayi aag mein jal jaana hai
yaad rakh deewaane
tu woh parwaana hai
usko apni lagaayi aag mein jal jaana hai
arre yaar mere abb hota kya hai aage aage aage aage
dekho yeh kya hai,
yeh inaam hai ya saza hai
ispe naam tera likha hai
bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet

hey dekho yeh kya hai
ispe naam tera likha hai
bullet bullet bullet bullet
bullet bullet bullet


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3796 Post No. : 14785

“Bullet”(1976) was directed by Vijay Anand for Navketan Productions on the occasion of the silver jubilee of this production house. This movie had Dev Anand, Parveen Babi, Rakesh Roshan, Kabir Bedi, Jyoti Bakshi (new discovery), Sonia Sahni, Shreeram Laagoo, Jagdeep, Mohan Sherry, Ranjana Sachdev, Murad, Ranjan, Sheela, Shefali, Jazebel, Julie, Ratna, Julien, Mamaji, Moolchand, Sharat Saxena etc in it.
This movie was supposedly based on a James Hadley Chase novel but was slaughtered ( aka adopted) suitably as befitting a movie starring Dev Anand. 🙂

The movie had four songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past. That leaves two songs to be covered.

Here is the third song from “Bullet”(1976) to appear in the blog. Video of the song does not appear to be available on YT. audio is available and that too is supposed to be a rare song.

The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Anand Bakshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by R D Burman.

The audio begins with a dialogue where a lady (played by Parveen Babi perhaps ?) is slapped by her father and then she utters some dialogues which precede the song.

I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

PS-Prakashchandra, our extremely knowledgeable reader has provided the video link of the song, and has informed that the song is picturised on Jyoti Bakshi.
Sudhir Ji points out that the dialogue comes after the song in the movie.

Audio

Video

Song-Mat chhedo gham ki baaten (Bullet)(1976) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-R D Burman

Lyrics

dialogues
————————————–
ye chaanta aapko tab maarna chaahiye thha
jab maine pahla cigarette piya thha
us waqt main gyaarah saal ki thhi
lekin aapko meri taraf dekhne ki fursat kahaan thhi

ye chaanta aapko tab maarna chaahiye thha
jab maine pehla boyfriend banaaya thha
us waqt main chaudah saal ki thhi
lekin aapko dekhne ki fursat kahaan thhi

ye chaanta aapko tab maarna chaahiye thha
jab pehli baar main juye mein sau rupaya haari thhi
us waqt main pandrah saal ki thhi
lekin tab bhi aap ko fursat kahaan thhi

tab maarna chaahiye thha
jab maine pehli baar LCD ki goli khaayi thhi
pehli baar charas pi thhi
us waqt main solah saal ki thhi
lekin tab bhi aap ko meri taraf dekhne ki fursat nahin thhi
nahin thhi
—————————–

o o o o
hey hey hey hey hey
hey hey hey hey
mat chhedo o o
gham ki baatein
in baaton mein aen aen aen aen
dum nahin
in baaton mein aen
dum nahin

kaise hum jee rahe hain
aise hum jee rahe hain
kaise hum jee rahe hai
aise hum jee rahe hai
jaise koi zeher hai
hans ke hum pi rahe hain
sote huye ye din guzre
jaagte beetin raaten kayi
peene ke baad
aati hai yaad
bhooli huyi baatein kayi
o o
peene ke baad
aati hai yaad
bhooli huyi ee baatein kayi

jaadu se chal rahe hain
armaan nikal rahe hain
jaadu se chal rahe hain
armaan nikal rahe hain
shole lapak rahe hain
din mein dil jal rahe hain
palkon ke neeche
in aankhon ke peechhe
chhupi hai barsaten kayi
peene ke baad
aati hai yaad
bhooli huyi baatein kayi
o o
peene ke baad
aati hai yaad
bhooli huyi ee ee baatein kayi
bhooli huyi ee ee baatein kayi ee ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3796 Post No. : 14784

Today’s song is from the film Mahatma Kabir-54.

India has been attacked and ruled by outsiders for centuries. Religions other than Hinduism ruled this country and at times it was feared if our religion will become extinct. Perhaps, from this feeling Bhakti Movement started in India in one part and over the years it engulfed the entire Bharatvarsha. During this period, many saints, teachers and holy figures came up and helped the country to be strong once again in matters of religion.

The Bhakti movement refers to the theistic devotional trend that emerged in medieval Hinduism and later revolutionised in Sikhism. It originated in eighth-century south India (now Tamil Nadu and Kerala), and spread northwards. It swept over east and north India from the 15th century onwards, reaching its zenith between the 15th and 17th century.

The Bhakti movement regionally developed around different gods and goddesses, and some sub-religions were Vaishnavism (Vishnu), Shaivism (Shiva), Shaktism (Shakti goddesses), and Smartism. The movement was inspired by many poet-saints, who championed a wide range of philosophical positions ranging from theistic dualism of Dvaita to absolute monism of Advaita Vedanta.

The movement has traditionally been considered as an influential social reformation in Hinduism, and provided an individual-focused alternative path to spirituality regardless of one’s caste of birth or gender. Postmodern scholars question this traditional view and whether the Bhakti movement ever was a reform or rebellion of any kind.

India is a Multi racial, multi language and Multi religions country. It is not only one of the largest Democracies in the world, but also the largest Secular state in the world, where people from different faiths have been living together since centuries.

Many saints and religious leaders have played a significant role in keeping the mixed population of India as One Unit, when it was needed the most. A majority of Hindus, ruled by Muslim Mughals was a natural cause for social divisions, but Saints like Kabir, Surdas, Tulsidas, Ramdas, Tukaram, Ramanand, Narsi Mehta, Purandar das,Namdev, Guru Nanak Dev, Eknath, Bhakta Pundarikar, Rohidas, Mrutyunjaya and many such noble souls, did an excellent job of maintaining harmony amongst peoples of different faiths.

Kabirdas ji is one saint who is revered equally by Hindus and Muslims as well as Sikhs. He belonged, in fact, to all Indian masses.

Kabir was born near Kashi (Varanasi) to a Bramhin widow, who deserted him, for fear of social boycott. He was found and brought up by a Muslim weaver couple-Niru and Naima. Vaishnava Saint Ramanand accepted him as his disciple. Unlike some other saints, Kabir did not become a Sadhu or a Fakir, but he married and led a normal life earning from his Loom works. He had 1 son and 1 daughter also.

Kabir campaigned against social discrimination and economic exploitation. He vehemently opposed dogmas in Hinduism and Islam. His language was straight from the heart, using common vernacular words, which appealed to the masses. He was against Moorti-puja and believed in Bhakti and Sufi ideas. He was an illiterate person. His poems and Dohas were heard ,noted and written by his followers. His works are included in the Guru Granth Sahib of the Sikhs also. His dohas were in Awadhi, Brij and Bhojpuri languages. Through his philosophies, he spread the message of unity during his times. For him Ram and Rahim were the same.

While the authentic period of kabir is 1440 to 1518, there are popular legends about him living for 120 years and after death, his body turning into Flowers.

More than anything else, Mahatma Kabir is remembered for the courage of his convictions. He was a religious reformer who slashed down the orthodox bigotism of Hindus and Muslims alike. He denounced with a touch of satire, the whole apparatus of piety of the temple and the mosque, the idol and the holy water scriptures and the priests, labelling them as cults that vainly tried to replace Reality with Ritual. And thus it was that while courting bitterness from the accepted monopolists of Faith, he tried to eliminate the bitterness that then existed between Hindu and Muslims of that day. The life story of Kabir saheb is surrounded by numerous contradictory legends, on many of which reliance cannot be placed. It is therefore not to be expected that any one version of his life could satisfy all such sections of people who claim to know anything about him.

Mahatma Kabir-54 was made by New premier Films, Bombay and it was directed by Gajanan Jahagirdar. The music was by Anil Biswas and the cast included Surendra, Sulochana, Jahagirdar, Randhir, Lalita Pawar and others. The story of the film is…

The story of Mahatma Kabir begins with the unfolding of a lotus as divine light penetrates through its petals. The infant that lay within, stretched out its chubby arms to Nooru and Naima, a weaver couple of Benares, who brought him up as Kabir, their foster son. But Kabir grew into a strange boy, dreamy and listless, curious of matters spiritual, until one day he saw in Swami Ramananda his destine teacher. Eager to meet his Guru alone, he lay upon the steps of the Ganges, where Ramananda was accustomed to bath. The master trod upon his body unexpectedly and exclaimed “Ram Ram”. Accepting this as a token of the mantra of initiation, and with inspiring words of the Guru, Kabir stepped forth in pursuit of his mystic mission.

As a youth, he found his opposition from the orthodox groups increasing in the threatening proportions. His family was ostracised socially and economically, a calamity to which his foster father Nooru succumbed. All legends agree that Kabir a simple unlettered weaver relied in work as a means of living independently of any charity and earned his livelihood from the loom. The work of his hands helped him rather than hindered the impassioned meditation of his heart from the depths of which he sang the rapturous lyrics of divine love.

Kabir Saheb was constantly harassed by the Mahajan for the repayment of his foster father’s debt which on account of his economic boycott he was not able to repay. He was involved in a theft charge and presented before the Ruler of Kashi who ordered him to be whipped. The sentence was executed but Kabir smiled at the foolishness of those trying to punish him for the offence he had not committed, while the real offender on whom the lashes were actually falling cried in pain. The repentant Kashi Naresh honoured and feted Kabir and the entire ensemble shouted Kabirji ki jai. Returning home Kabir found his ancestral home attached by his Mahajan. People offered to pay off the debt but Kabir declined their offer. He thought that Ram was taking him closer to Himself by removing slowly the barriers of worldly possessions.

With the ancestral house gone, Kabir walked away to the ruins in the outskirts of the Kashi with his foster mother Naima and wife Loi. From there, this apostle of Universal Love, travelled through the length and breadth of the land and the countries beyond, spreading his gospel far and wide while his foster-mother and wife Loi suffered the privations of life. After many years he returned to Benares, where his ailing mother held her breath only to see him for the last time. Now Kabir was an old man, but much revered and still more opposed. This opposition culminated in his being presented before Sikander Lodi on a charge that he was not only an enemy of Islam but also a traitor to the throne of Delhi. Sikander referred the matters to the Kazi of Benares, who ordered him to be thrown into the Ganges tied hand and foot. The cruel sentenced was carried out, while a vast multitude, thronging the Benares Ghats looked on with throbbing hearts and streaming eyes.

As expected Kabir survives and the Kazi and Sikander bow their heads in respect. Finally when Kabir dies, his body turns into flowers and Hindus and Muslims share it for their respective last rites.

The music for this film was given by Anil Biswas. C.H.Atma, who unsuccessfully tried to become a singing star in films like Bhai sahab-54 and Bilwamangal-54, had sung a Bhajan ” Ram Ras Barse re manwa ” in this film as a playback-in Saigal style. Anil Biswas and Saigal were good friends. Whenever Saigal wanted to avoid any unwanted visitor to him, he would escape to Anilda’s home and take his afternoon siesta. Unfortunately, Saigal never sang for Anilda, though he had kept one tune ready for him. This was later used for a song by Mukesh in another film.

Not Saigal, but singers who liked Saigal, sang for Anil Biswas…like Mukeh in Pehli Nazar-45 (dil jalata hai to jalne de), Kishore kumar in film Fareb-53 ( husn bhi hai udas) and C.H.Atma in the film Mahatma Kabir-54 (Ram ras barse re Manwa).

The Hero of Mahatma Kabir was Surendra. At one time he was projected as Bombay’s answer to Calcutta’s Saigal, by Sagar Movietone. While working in Sagar and National, Anil Biswas had used Surendra’s voice in films like Jagirdar, Mahageet, Gramophone singer, Comrade, Aurat and Jawani. Sagar Movietone always tried to compete with New Theatres, Calcutta. When they made President-37, Sagar made Jagirdar-37 and when Street singer-38 was made, Sagar made Gramophone singer-38. Though Surendra was popular, he could never match Saigal. It is to the credit of Surendra, that personally he revered Saigal and never thought of competing with him.

It was Naushad, who first stopped Surendra’s singing and gave him playback of Ustad Amir khan in film Baiju Bawra-52. When he was sporadically heard in films Gharbar-53 and Gawaiya-53, Anil Biswas bloked his singing again and all songs for Surendra in film Mahatma kabir were sung by Manna Dey as playback. After this Surendra only sang in film Pati patni-66. It was rumoured that Surendra himself requested the producer to allow him to sing his last song. He did it free too !

Amirbai Karnataki , who sang in this film was also in her last phase of film singing and after Mahatma Kabir-54, she sang only one song each in 57,61,64 and 72. Thus ended her singing career.

HFGK mentions that today’s song is written by Kabir himself. However, I find that except the Mukhda ‘ Ram Rahima ‘(repeated several times till last), the antara words are from a famous song by Wajid Ali Shah- ‘ Babul mora ‘, which was used in films like The trapped-31, Nachwali-34, Street singer-38 and Shatranj ke khiladi-77.

The song by Manna Dey and Chorus is very good. As such Anil Biswas was an expert in composing chorus songs, in his films. You may find at least one or two chorus songs in most of his films.


Song-Ram Rahima Ram Rahim (Mahatma Kabir)(1954) Singer- Manna Dey, Lyrics- Kabir Das , MD- Anil Biswas
Chorus

Lyrics

ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim
ram rahimaa
ram rahim

baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuta hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuto hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim

chaar kahaar mil ab doliya aa aa sajaawen
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
mora apna begaana aa aa chhuto jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
naihar chhuto hi jaaye
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa baabul mora
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa baabul mora aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)
baabul mora aa aa aa
(ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
ram rahimaa ram rahim
)


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

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