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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

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This article is written by Raja, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3928 Post No. : 14998 Movie Count :

4105

= = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = =
Atul Song-A-Day 15K Song Milestone Celebrations – 8
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Not all journeys have a pre-determined destination.

Sometimes a traveler sets off on a journey, purely with the intention of travel. For how long, which specific places he will travel to, where he will stop, who and what he will encounter…these are all unknown.

All he knows is that he has the desire to travel – and will travel for as long as he has such desire, and the ability to travel.

And it is just as well that he travels without a set destination or time-frame. That would take away from the enjoyment of the journey itself. It is not that the travel is meaningless – it certainly has a purpose. Just that the purpose is to enjoy the journey, not to keep a destination or time-frame in focus.

I’d like to think this blog is one such journey – and Atul is this traveler.

Atul has himself said many times, when he posted his first song on this blog on the 19th of July 2008, he had no idea what it would go on to become. As a music lover, all he wanted was to have a blog of his own. A place where he could post songs of his choice and share his taste with other music lovers. Pretty simple, isn’t it?

At that time, he would’ve been happy if he could have got to a 1000 songs on the blog. That would have been huge.
2000? Amazing!
5000? Are you CRAZY?
10000? Ab bas bhi karo yaar, kuchh zyaada hi ho gaya

But this traveler never stopped travelling. One step at a time, he kept walking. The milestones kept passing by. He acknowledged them – but never stopped. Sort of like “nadiya chale chale re dhaara, chanda chale chale re taara, tumko chalna hoga, tumko chalna hoga”.

Along the way, he met fellow-travellers and became friends with them. They joined him on his journey, so he had company. But he never stopped.

Yes, he might have occasionally slowed down, but the most important thing is – he never stopped.

And that is the only reason we can today celebrate this mega-milestone.

The biggest to date.

15000.

Yes, that’s a thousand songs, fifteen times over.

Mind-boggling.

But, to me, that’s not the whole story.

If you take a flight from Moscow to Vladivostok, it takes about 8 ½ hours.
The Trans Siberian Express train takes about a week.

If I had the time, I know how I’d like to travel.
I’d like to breathe in every moment of the travel – not rush it.

This blog has not rushed through these 15000 songs mindlessly, just for the purpose of statistics. If it had done so, it could’ve reached this milestone much earlier.

No, that was not the idea of this blog at all. Ever.

As I said earlier, Atul’s idea was to share songs with other music-lovers. To have these songs introduced on the blog, discussed in detail with appropriate credits to artistes, with a video/audio and full lyrics.

That was – and continues to be – the format for every single song from day one.

And when you have a format of this type, you want every song to have its own space and time. If you post 20 songs on one day, are you doing justice to each individual song? Won’t it just get lost in the crowd?

So the pace of this blog recognizes this important aspect of music appreciation – don’t overload.

So the bigger story (for me at least) is HOW we have got to 15000.

One song at a time, ranging from 1 to about 7 songs a day (7 itself is a high number), we have come this far over TEN years and NINE months. Yes, we are in our 129th month now. And the posting has not been sporadic – it has been EVERY SINGLE DAY (except for very few days when there’s been no posting).

THAT, for me, is truly astounding.

For ONE person to have THIS level of dedication, commitment and discipline, despite all sorts of constraints along the way – THAT to me is mind-boggling.

Yes, we guest posters have joined on the journey, and posted from time to time. (I’m saying this a bit hesitatingly given my own limited contribution in the last year). But, as Sudhirji pointed out in a recent post, Atul’s posts are 3 times more than all our guest posts put together. That shows the sheer weight-lifting he does.

And mind you, this is just the number of posts. There’s so much more on the blog- the various statistics, by movie, by year, by artiste and so on. And anniversary dates. Atul has truly built a repository for the ages.

That brings me to my next point.

The repository.

It is not that songs aren’t available on the net. Of course they are. There are songs all over the place.

But this blog is different. It doesn’t treat a song as just a song. There’s a narrative about it, a background wherever possible. About the film, the artistes involved. And Atul is a stickler for accuracy, so he does his level best to get the facts and lyrics 100% accurate. It’s not easy with some old songs where the audio itself isn’t clear – but he makes a genuine effort. And that is because of the type of person he is – no shortcuts, no compromises.

All of this means that the reader gets as accurate a source as possible.

Then consider the songs themselves.

Some of these songs are rare songs, which were not even available earlier on the net. Some others were available, but with limited detail. When these songs were made available here, the blog tried to give the song, and its artistes, full respect.

This is what makes this blog a treasure house, a repository for generations.

While on this point, I think I must mention fellow travelers (we call them Atulites) who have contributed greatly to enriching this blog.

Atul will be the first person to admit that his own knowledge of songs and artistes would never have been enough to make the blog what it is today. This is nothing to be ashamed of. All of us know more about some songs and eras, and less about others.

But we thankfully have some “maharathis” (they know who they are, so I won’t name them 🙂 ) who, between them are an ocean of knowledge, and like walking encyclopedias. Their contribution, whether through posts or through comments, is truly outstanding. They have enriched this blog so much, taking it to a different level altogether.

So when we talk of team effort, this is a perfect example of it.

This brings me to my next point of awe.

If this blog had been a commercial venture, I can understand a business posting songs every day, to maximize its views, and earn revenue as a result, through advertising or other means.

But Atul has been doing this as a labour of love. It started as that, in 2008 – and continues to this day with the same intent.

So a labour of love, posting songs every single day, for 129 months at a stretch, to the level of detail and accuracy that this blog has – just pause for a moment to let that sink in.

Pause.

So while we celebrate the 15000 milestone, I request everyone to try to appreciate the true significance of it.

It’s not just the number – it’s the weight of the love and effort that has gone into it. It’s like 15000 kg of love and effort.

Along the way, this blog has done something else too. Possibly unintended initially, but as “Blog Ke Side-Effects” 🙂 , it has brought us Atulites together. Many of us have met each other, we now have a whatsapp group, all thanks to the blog, and Atul.

For me, personally, it has been a very enriching journey. I’ve been fortunate to have been involved right from day one – and along the way I’ve got to know some wonderful people with an amazing level of knowledge about HFM. I’ve got to know SO many songs only through this blog.

I really can’t thank Atul enough for all this.

So even if my participation has been very limited of late, this blog, and everyone associated with it, will always have a very special place in my heart.

And on this occasion, I can only wish that the journey goes on and on as we head towards the next target of 15921. 🙂

A line that comes to mind is “apni pyaar ki gaadi chalti rahe, apni pyaar ki gaadi chalti rahe”. 🙂

Now onto the song for today.

I must admit it wasn’t easy for me to decide on a song for this occasion.

For one, not only has the blog already got 15000 songs, but even the songs still to be posted are mostly relatively new songs ( which I barely know), or lesser-known songs of a much earlier era than mine.

This makes my task somewhat difficult.

A song I had in mind got cancelled out because it had already been posted, so I had to renew my efforts.

But one thing. I did have an idea of the type of song I wanted to post.

I wanted a fun, lively song. After all it is a celebratory occasion, so why not a fun song?

The lyrics didn’t really matter too much, as long as it was a jhakkaas song. 🙂

While looking for random songs, I tend to think of the 1970s as my first choice of decade. The main reason for this is, it is the decade I grew up in – and there’s always a chance I’ll come across a song that I heard in my childhood, and that still happens to not be posted. This has happened on a few occasions with me.

I’ll be the first to admit that the 1970s songs signaled the end of what is popularly known as the golden era of music. By the time the 1970s came along, audience tastes had changed. Not just in India, but around the world. The hippie culture had come in, there was a sense of wanting to break away from the established order of things.

It was only natural that India too would be affected by this trend. Films are a good reflection of society – and films of the 1970s are markedly different from those of an earlier era.

Music, as a very important component of Indian films, also reflected this.

And no one exemplified this better than RD Burman.

RD (or Pancham as he was popularly known) was a trend-setter. Hugely gifted, he experimented a lot, with instruments, tunes and sounds. The audience, already ripe for change, embraced RD’s style wholeheartedly and made him a huge success.

It was not that RD could not compose traditional tunes – he could, and he did. But he also made a deliberate effort to invent his own style, to distinguish himself from his legendary father’s style.

I personally think music, like everything else, evolves. We need to recognize that times keep changing – and music needs an audience too. So if the audience is changing, why wouldn’t music change too?

So, as Tennyson said, “the old order changeth, yielding place to new”.

The song I have picked today is from my schoolboy days. I had heard it a few times then – we used to sing it in school. But somehow I never heard it after that, and had even forgotten all about it.

Recently I came across it again – and was surprised to find it hadn’t been posted yet.

Initially I was thinking of keeping it for an RD occasion, seeing as it has such an RD stamp about it – but then I guess this occasion is as good as any.

If we are celebrating 15000 songs on this blog, and Atul is the architect of it AND is also a 1970s schoolboy, why not a song that he might have heard in those days too?

Dil to maane na….meri jaan, meri jaan aa aa aa aa

Vintage RD & Asha Bhosle.

Ever since this song has come back into my life, I’ve enjoyed listening to it.

I hope you enjoy it too. Jhakkaas enough for you? 🙂

Congratulations to all of us, travelers on this journey, for the 15000-milestone.

And a special thanks to Atul for bringing us all together.

Looking forward to milestone 15921. 🙂


Song-Dil to maane na (Shaitaan) (1974) Singers-Asha Bhonsle, RD Burman, Lyrics-Majrooh Sultanpuri, Music-RD Burman
Chorus

Lyrics

turu turu haa
turu turu haa
turu turu haa
turu turu haa

Dil to maane na
Haa
Dil to maane na
Haa

Haa
Dil to maane na
Meri jaan
meri jaan haa haa ha ha
Dil to maane na ha ha ha ha ha
Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha
Dil to maane na ha
Dil ko milna to hai
Phir kisi se miley
Kya bura hai agar
Ye tujhi se miley
Gale lagoon kiske
tu hi bata de na re
dil to maane na
Haa

Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha ha
Dil to maane na
haa
Dil ko milna to hai
Haa
Phir kisi se miley
Haa
Kya bura hai agar
Ye tujhi se miley
Gale lagoon kiske
tu hi bata de na re
la la la la lalalala

Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha
Dil to maane na

Dweera tara taa taa tara taa
Haa
Dweera tara taa taa tara taa

Jaane dilbar jaane jahaan
Para para para para ha
Tum bin ab chain mujhko kahaan
Kya jaanoon main raaton ki neend
Haa
Hoy
Haa
Hu

Main to mar gayi ho kar jawaan
Rang ras ki bhari
Hai jawaani meri
Behki behki phiroon
Haaye re main baawri
Mujhe to baahon mein
Tu hi uthhaa le na re
dil to maane na
Ha

Meri jaan
Ho Meri jaan haa ha ha ha ha
Dil to maane na
Dil ko milna to hai
Phir kisi se miley
Kya bura hai agar
Ye tujhi se miley
Gale lagoon kis ke
tu hi bata de na re
la la la la lalalala

Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha
Dil to maane na ha

Dugdugdugdugdugdug
Dugdugdugdugdugdug
Haa
Hoy
Haa
ho
Dugdugdugdugdugdug
Dugdugdugdugdugdug
Haa
hu
Hoy
Haa

Naina tujh se jab jab lagey
Tan mein jaise sui chubhey
Pairon se na phir tan rukey
Hui
Haa
Hui
Haa
Hui

Haathon se na dhadkan dabey
Thhandi aahen bharoon
Na kisi se daroon
Main deewaani sahi
Tu bataa kya karoon
Arre lagi dil ki
Tu hi mitaa de na re
dil to maane na
haa

Meri jaan
O Meri jaan haa ha ha ha ha
Dil to maane na
Dil ko milna to hai
Phir kisi se miley
Haa
Hey
Kya bura hai agar
Ye tujhi se miley
Gale lagoon kis ke
tu hi bata de na re
dil to maane na ha ha ha

Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha ha
Dil to maane na
hahahahaha
Meri jaan
Meri jaan haa ha ha ha ha
Dil to maane na ha
Haaa

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3926 Post No. : 14994 Movie Count :

4103

Today’s song is from an old film of the first decade of the Talkie films-Mera Haq aka In search of happiness-39.

When New Theatres in Calcutta started making Talkie films, very soon their Bi-lingual films became very popular. There were quite a few reasons like, good actors, good songs and good distribution network pan India. However, I think, the most important reason of their success was that their films were primarily based on well known novels, dramas and stories. B N Sircar had understood that if the story is strong, the efforts of the Director and Composers will surely make the film a successful one.

The intelligent and business minded film makers of Bombay soon understood this and films on world famous novels, as well as popular Indian stories were made in Bombay too ! Soon, it was clear that more than being honest to the original story, the makers of Bombay were concentrating on commercial successes even at the cost of compromising the written script.

This, I feel was the basic difference between the mindset of the West and East parts of India. Learned, studious and highly principled Bengalese stuck religiously to the original stories, while in Bombay, Saraswati started working for Laksmi ! As the times went by and the Bengal empire of New Theatres crumbled, the importance of solid, strong story base for a film remained only a dream for Bombay. Still, Bangla Directors who came to Bombay in search for greener pasteurs, believed strongly and stuck to strong story base. This was generally the scenario till mid 50’s, after which everyone became commercial and story lines became secondary, optional and manipulable devices.

In the early era of the Talkie, Bilingual films in Bombay (Marathi and Hindi) was a common thing. Most films made in Kolhapur and Poona were also made in Hindi simultaneously. Many talented writers from Marathi literary field, like Hari narayan Apte, mama Varerkar, Ga. Di. Madgulkar, V S Khandekar, N S Phadke and Acharya Atre were connected with film industry. Baburao Painter, Master Vinayak, V Shantaram etc made best use of their talents in writing film stories.

Today’s film Mera Haq-39 was made by Huns Pictures of Master Vinayak. This film was based on a story of V S Khandekar (later on he became the first writer in Marathi to get the Sahitya Academi Award also). The film was made in Marathi and Hindi. The Marathi title of the film was ” Sukhacha Shodh” and the other title of Mera Haq was its translation ” In search of Happiness “. The Marathi story and dialogues were translated into Hindi by Pt. Anand kumar.

Like Pt. Mukhram Sharma of Prabhat films, Anand Kumar was also belonged to a Hindi speaking state, but both had mastered Marathi. I do not know if Pt. Anand kumar also married a Marathi actress like Mukhram Sharma who had married actress Shanta Muzumdar. Pt.Anand kumar was born in Delhi in 1907. He was a producer, director, writer and Lyricist. From childhood, he was not interested in studies in English medium. He was taught Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit by his poor Brahmin Shastri father. When he was 15 year old, he entered a business. He was always discontented. He wanted to become an actor, but family resisted. He tried fasting and even suicide. Then he stole some money and ran to Bombay. He could not get into any studio and after money finished, he returned to Delhi, only to take more money and run to Bombay again. Even after this failure, he went back to Delhi and started writing stories.
His first book ‘ Mera Huq ‘ became a hot seller and he started earning money. He was invited by film people and he went to Bombay nth time. He wrote stories, dialogues and Lyrics of scores of films and earned name and money. He produced a film ‘Zameen’-43, under his own banner Anand Brothers. He directed 5 films,including a Hit marathi film, Gora Kumbhar-42. Some of his films as a Lyricist were Suvarn Mandir-34,Katle aam-35, Pratibha-37, Divorce-38, Saathi-38, Alakh Niranjan-40, Punarmilan-40, Charnon ki Dasi-41, Raja Rani-42 etc. As a writer some films were, Divorce-38, Honhaar-36, Saathi-38, Vasant sena-42, Rang mahal-48 etc etc.

Film Mera haq-39 was directed by an exceptionally talented director Parshwanath Alatekar. This name too must be unknown to most people. Altekar (1897-1957) was from Khare Patan in Ratnagiri, the coastal Konkan area of Maharashtra. He was educated in Kolhapur and graduated from Sangli. He abandoned Law studies to direct a drama in 1922. Basically a drama enthusiast, Altekar entered film world in Marathi and directed many films in silent era. He joined hands with Sarpotdar, Master Vithal and Pendharkar brothers. In 1928, he made 4 films for Imperial film co, then for Saraswati Cinetone, Master Vinayak and Circo films. He made few Tamil and Kannada films too.

He floated his own company Natraj Cinetone and made Hindi/Marathi film Saathi/Savangadi in 1938 with Durga Khote and Mubarak. Meanwhile he worked for his pet drama group Natya Manwantar. Alatekar died on 22-11-1957 at Bombay. he directed 13 films including silent and Tamil/Kannada films. His Hindi films were Vasavdatta-34, Saathi-38, Mera Haque-39, Geeta 40 and Mahatma Vidur-43.

The lead actor in film Mera haq-39 was Baburao Pendharkar. Baburao Pendharkar(1896-1967) was a Pioneer Marathi actor and producer born in Kolhapur. Actor-manager of Maharashtra Film (1919); then a manager in Prabhat (1929); manager and main star at Kolhapur Cinetone (1933) and for several years associated with Master Vinayak at Huns Pics (1936) and Navyug Chitrapat; then producer with Navhans (1943). Best-known work after the mid-40s was with V. Shantaram at Rajkamal Kalamandir, including the classic role of the Chinese general in Dr Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani, and with his brother, the director Bhalji Pendharkar. Noted actor as a villain in mythologicals (e.g. in Shantaram’s Ayodhyecha Raja/Ayodhya Ka Raja, Kans in Vasant Joglekar’s Nand Kishore, and Keechaka in Pethkar’s Keechaka Vadha) and for character roles in socials by Atre (the crotchety grandfather in Shyamchi Aai; the title role of Mahatma Phule). Directed Prabhat’s only major Tamil film, Seeta Kalyanam, a landmark in Tamil cinema. Also a noted stage actor. His autobiography (1961/1983) is also an important record of Marathi film history. From Jalti Nishani-1932 to Amrapali-1966, he worked in 69 films in all.

The story of Mera haq was written by V S Khandekar and it depicted the importance of a joint family, role of the elders in controlling the wayward new generation. The story was…

Anand (Baburao Pendharkar) is a Professor in a college and married to Manik (Vimal Sardesai), who is all the time busy in doing social work and who, in the process, does not justify being a housewife, or a daughter in law or even a wife.
One day, Anand meets Miss Chanchal (Usha Mantri- one of the most beautiful actresses of those times), when he goes to meet a friend at Sahyadri Cinetone. Chanchal catches him in her net perfectly and he becomes mad after her.
When Anand’s life is mess with all this, he chances upon meeting Usha (Meenakshi Shirodkar), a poor little widow- whom Anand has saved from committing a suicide.

When Usha learns all the story from Anand, she goes and talks to Anand’s parents and Grandfather, in a village and brings them to live with Anand and Manik. Together they hatch a plan to repair the situation. They announce that Anand will marry Usha and bring her as his second wife as he is not getting any happiness from Manik. When Manik comes to know this, she gets panicky and mends her ways, leaving all social work and tries to be an ideal wife. Anand’s friend Chanchal also deserts him when she learns about his second marriage.

When all the matters settle down satisfactorily, Anand and Usha, in presence of elders of the family disclose the truth that they are not marrying each others and it was planned to show Manik where the real happiness lies.

In this case, the film’s Marathi version came out first and the Hindi version was released on 15-9-1939 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay, well after the Marathi film was released.

The lead actress Vimal Sardesai hailed from Konkan are and started her film career as baby Vimal. She acted in only 7 Hindi films. Her first film was Saathi-38. This was the Hindi version of Marathi film Savangadi-38, starring Durga khote and Mubarak Merchant. her second film was mera haq-39. It was her first film as a Heroine. This too was a Hindi version of Marathi film ‘ Sukhacha Shodh”. Then came Narsi Bhjagat-40 made by Prakash pictures, Alakh Niranjan-40 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Gorakhnath-40, Apna Ghar-42 was a Hindi version of Marathi film Aaple Ghar-40- directed by Debki Bose, his first film in Bombay, Wadia’s Shobha-42 and her last film was Mahatma Vidur-43, a Hindi version of Marathi film of the same name. This was also the last film of Parshwanath Altekar the director.
After this film Vimal Sardesai was traceless. Probably she got married and left films.

Today’s song is a female duet of Vimal Sardesai and Meenakshi Shirodkar. With this song, film mera haq-39 and singer Vimal Sardesai make their debut on this Blog.

(My thanks to ” Marathi Cinema in Retrospect”-Sanjit Narvekar, ” Maharashtra- Birthplace of Indian Film Industry”- Isak Mujawar, Encyclop. of Indian Cinema by Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Filmdom-46 and my notes, for information used herein.)


Song-Kheloongi kheloongi main aankh michauli kheloongi (Mera Haq)(1939) Singers- Meenakshi Shirodkar, Vimal Sardesai (Baby Vimal), Lyrics- Pt Anand kumar, MD-K Datta
Both

Lyrics

kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chaand talak chal jaaoonga
main kunj taley chhip jaaoonga

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main aankh meench kar chhipti hoon
main tan ankhiyon se takti hoon
takne ka badla le loongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi

main chhip jaaoon
jaa chhip jaa
main aa jaaoon
tu thham jaa

khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
phoolon mein chhip
khushboo ban kar phoolon mein chhip
ya roop badal rangon mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip
belon mein chhip
kaliyon mein chhip
seene mein chhip
ya dil mein chhip

main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
main jhooloongi
kheloongi
kheloongi
main aankh michauli kheloongi


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3923 Post No. : 14990

Today’s song is from an almost unknown film called Zamin Asman-46. The film was made by Saubhagya Pictures, but was promoted and distributed by Prakash Pictures. While HFGK mentions name of Saubhagya, the film booklet and other records show the name of Prakash Pictures. In fact, with this film, not only the rights of this film but the company Saubhagya Pictures was taken over by the Bhatt brothers for Prakash Pictures.

The film was directed by Dwarka Khosla (born in 1904), who started from silent film era. His first Talkie film was Josh E Jawani-35 and he directed, in all, 33 films till his last film Reporter Raju-62. All songs of today’s film were composed by Faiyaz Hashmi (1920 to 29-11-2011), who wrote lyrics for only 9 Hindi films in India. The Music Director was Kamal Dasgupta and today’s song is sung by Jagmohan Sursagar and Kalyani Das.

Kalyani is a name fit for ” Same name Confusion” and I find that though kalyani Bai and kalyani Das were two different singers, most sites, Blogs and even the well known book ” Swaron ki yatra” by Anil Bhargav ji, makes a mix up and they are treated as one person. Let us know who they were….

First Kalyani Bai. Hailing from Turkman gate in Delhi, Kalyani Bai was a born singer. She took lessons from Ustad Vazir khan and in no time started singing on A.I.R and HMV. She recorded many Ghazals, Khayals and Thumris. She was taken to Calcutta at the age of 13 years to act and sing in film Pardesi, which was shelved halfway, but she was offered a job by New Theatres at Rs. 250 pm. Her nickname was Kallo. R C Boral changed her original name Zarina to Kalyani bai.

She acted and sang in 4 films of New Theatres- Anath Ashram, mukti, president and Vidyapati till 1937. She acted with all big stars of that time. Later Chandulal Shah called her to Bombay with Rs. 800 per month and she joined Ranjit in Bombay, doing her first film Toofani Toli-37. After doing 9 films, she left Ranjit and worked for several production houses. In 1945, she was in the famous All Women Qawali in film Zeenat-45- Aahen na bhari, shikve na kiye.

After her marriage in 1948, she left films to raise a family. However, she had to come back to films after after many years to do some films in 1975 onwards. After doing some films with small roles, she realised that her time was gone and she retired completely. Her last years were spent in financial difficulties. She died on 1-10-2009. kalyani Bai acted in 26 films and sang 68 songs in 41 films.

Kalyani Das was born and brought up in Calcutta. She was born in 1927 in Calcutta. Her first Hindi film song came up in film Jawab-1942, but her solo song came in Kurukshetra-45, under the baton of Pt. Ganpatrao. When Kamal Dasgupta went to Bombay, he called her and she sang in film Meghdoot-45, Bindiya-46, Zamin Asman-46, Prem ki Duniya-46, Manmani-47, Faisla-47,Giribala-47, Swayamsiddha-49 and Iran ki ek raat-49. She sang 37 songs in 11 Hindi films in addition to several songs in Bangla films.

Kalyani Bai left Calcutta in 1937 and kalyani Das started in 1942 in Calcutta. Kalyani Bai never sang for Kamal Dasgupta or any imported Bangla composer. kalyani Das sang only for Kamal Dasgupta (8 films) and in one film each for Ganpat rao, Subal Dasgupta and Prafulla Choudhari. Therefore there need not be any mix up, but you know how it is in Hindi film industry ! Shortcuts are popular.

After Partition in 1947, it did not take long for things to become normal in the Indian film industry. This was mainly because ready replacements were available in plenty to fill the vacancies caused by migration. As far as producers and financers were concerned, almost all producers and film makers had arrived here from Lahore. It was actually Lahore which felt the absence of Film makers. Pakistan film Industry was somehow managed well by the experienced people who went from India and Pakistan enjoyed a ” GOLDEN AGE OF FILMS AND MUSIC ” from 1959 to 1977. Once the old generation retired, there was no second line to take over from them.

The film industry in Pakistan was never an organised one. Moreover the often changing Goverments did not bother to do anything to protect, sustain, help or develop the infrastructure of Film industry. Unlike India, there was neither a Films Division, nor was there anything like Film and Television Institute to build local artistes in different fields.

By 2010,the film industry in Pakistan was in such a poor shape that, against India’s film production of 13526 films in 2011, Pakistan had produced only 7 films in that year !

While Indian films were distributed in over 90 countries, there was no International market for Pakistan films.

All studios in Pakistan were in ruins and Theatres had been demolished.

Can you believe, In the entire Islamabad city, there is ONLY ONE Theatre-a multiplex of 4 screens ! (info from-Filmistan-Javed Shaikh 0n pk.politics.in dated 10-4-2014 )

We heard songs composed by the Music Directors who migrated to Pakistan,i.e. West Pakistan. Today we will talk about a famous and talented composer of Hindi/Bangla films, who migrated to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). His name is KAMAL PRASANNA DASGUPTA or simply, Kamal Dasgupta.

It is a moot point whether Kamal should be called a Film composer or a NFS composer in Hindi and Bangla. He can be called the Originator or the Pioneer, who established NFS during the period from 1935 to 1955. It was he who introduced the word ” Hindustani Song” for NFS on the 78 RPM records.

Kamal Prasanna Dasgupta was born on 28-7-1912 in village Narail,Jessore district in East Bengal. He matriculated in 1928 and did his B.Com. Then he earned a doctorate in music from the Banares Hindu University. His father Tara Prasanna died early. Kamal, his brother Subal and sister Sudhira were brought up by the eldest brother Bimal Dasgupta.

In 1935, he joined HMV as a Music Director. Here he met Kazi Nazrul Islam, who was also employed there. Kamal was a singer himself and sang many songs in Hindi, Bangla and also Tamil. He tuned almost 400 songs written by Kazi as Nazrul Geeti. It was here that he met and developed the talents of singer Juthika Roy and Jagmohan. The modern songs tuned in Rabindra and a mixed ghazal style were labelled as ” HINDUSTANI SONG ” and soon became popular all over the country. Lyricist Faiyaz Hashmi was the third person in the team of Kazi, Kamal and Faiyaz. Besides Jagmohan, Kamal Dasgupta also helped Talat Mehmood and Hemant Kumar to get established with NFS in Hindi and Bangla. His close ties with Juthika Roy were ‘special’. She wanted to marry him, but when it was clear that it was not possible, she chose not to marry at all and remained a spinster throughout her life.

He gave music in 16 Hindi films like Jawab, Hospital, Rani, Meghdoot, Arabian Nights, Bindiya, Krishna Leela, Pehchan, Zameen Aasmaan, Faisla, Giribala, Manmaani, Chandrashekhar, Vijay yatra, Iran ki ek raat and Fulwari. However, except for Jawab and Hospital his songs did not become very popular. Kanan Devi became a National name after she sang “Ye duniya Toofan mail” in Jawab-42. He also gave music in 22 Bangla films.

Kamal was a chain smoker and suffered from Gall Bladder stones. Instead of an operation, he started taking Morphin injection for pain relief, but then he became its addict. His elder brother died and all the family responsibility fell on his shoulders. He had earned a lot, but all his money was lost when his bank went bankrupt. In Calcutta, New Theatres was almost on the verge of closing down. Arrival of new blood in music field took away focus from him and he felt neglected. He became a depressed person. Around 1958 he migrated to Dhaka-East Pakistan. He converted to Islam, changing his name to Kamal Islam. He also married singer Firoza Begum. The got 3 sons and a daughter.

After the emergence of Bangla Desh, the Government tried to help him, but it was too late by then as he had become disillusioned and depressed. In frustration he wrote to a friend “The pictures you see in front, everybody remembers them and praises them. But nobody wants to know the people who work behind the scenes, nor talk about them. That is the nature of the world.”

His was not in good terms with his wife. In his final days, he contracted T.B. Finally he said Good-Bye to this world on 20-7-1974. The originator and populariser of NFS in India and a maker of memorable songs like “Toofan mail” left us forever-unsung !

The Heroine of this film was Ranjana. Now, hardly anyone knows about this actress who had worked as a Heroine with Dilip Kumar also in his early career. One can not get any information about her in any book or on the internet. here is some information about her, for our readers.

Ranjana’s real name was Ratan Shantaram Deshpande. She was born in Nagpur on 20-10-1927. While studying in St. Ursula High School, she learnt dancing and music from well known ustads. After passing her 6th standard examination, she came to Bombay to her elder sister, Kusum Deshpande, who was already working as actress with Minerva Movietone films. Kusum married Vasant Thengadi, a handsome actor in Hindi films of those times.

Kusum arranged for specialised dancing for Ratan in the holidays. later Ratan was taken to Vijay Bhatt of Prakash pictures for an interview. She was immediately selected and got a role in the famous film Ramrajya-1943. In this film she was Chitralekha, Sita’s sakhi. Vijay Bhatt also changed her name to Ranjana. She was on pay roles of prakash for Rs. 2000 pm. She acted in films like police-44, Vikramaditya-45 and Hamara Sansar-45. Next films were Nai Maa-46 and Zamin Asman-46.

Ranjana was called by Bombay Talkies to do Heroine’s role opposite Dilip Kumar in film Milan-46. This film was based on Bangla film Nauka Doobi written by Tagore. She did the role of Hem Nalini in this film’s Hindi version. The same role was done by Meera Sircar in the Bangla film Nauka Doobi.

After this film, Ranjana was in great demand, but she wanted to quit films and get married to live a simple life. But as the Luck would have it, she had to continue working in films till 1975. She also worked in many Marathi films. In all, she worked in about 35 films or so. Ranjana worked with many big stars of her times like, prem Adeeb, Prithviraj Kapoor, Jairaj,Dilip kumar,Jeevan, Umakant etc etc

It is interesting to note that her sister and her brother in law acted with her in few films. Some such films were Zamin Asman-46 and Shadi se pehle-47. In film Saajan ka Ghar-48 all three had worked together. Her sister Kusum Deshpande was born on 20-11-1914 at Nagpur. She came to Bombay in 1930 and worked in Minerva as an apprentice, without pay. She worked in A.I.R. and some Marathi dramas and films. Her first Hindi film was Ghar ki Rani-40. She also did Charnon ki Daasi-41, Village Girl-45, Wamaq Azra-46 and Zamin Asmaan-46. In all she did 20 Hindi films. She married actor Vasant Thengadi on 30-11-1944.

We have many families like this in Hindi films. I remember Zubeida and her mother and sisters, Sitara Devi and her 2 sisters, Nargis,her mother and brothers, Kapoor family, Dilip kumar, his brother and sister in law, many film couples and families of several film people are examples. Ranjana was perhaps one early example. Thank God this Ranjana was not around when yet another Ranjana came to Hindi films. She was Ranjana Deshmukh, niece of actress Sandhya(nee Vijaya Deshmukh). This Ranjana, however , worked mainly in Marathi films and did only 4 Hindi films starting with the famous film Chaani-77. Unfortunately, she first met with an accident and then died of Heart attack at the age of just 40 years or so.

Film Zamin Asman-46 was about a love triangle. Baburao Patel severely criticised this film and especially Jeevan- the Hero, in his film magazine Film India issue. The film was released on 12-7-1946 at Lamington Theatre, Bombay. The story of the film as outlined in this magazine was-

Nanak Chand (Ramesh Sinha) owns a sugar mill in partnership with Ravi (Jeevan)- son of his dead partner Pooran Chand. Ravi’s marriage with Nirmala (Kusum) is already announced, before he went to England for higher studies, but Ravi is not interested. Ravi is distressed by the plight of his factory workers, he meets Kamala (Ranjana) in a jungle ashramcalled Bharati Ashram. They fall in love.
There is a conflict between Nanak Chand and his workers. Ravi takes workers’ side. Finally, Nanak chand has to bow down and Ravi and Kamala unite.

Here is a duet sung by Kalyani Das and Jagmohan Sursagar. Jagmohan has not sung many songs in Hindi films. He was more interested and famous for his wonderful NFSs. Therefore it is more enjoyable. I like the voice of kalyani Das.

( Thanks to http://www.beetehuedin.blogspot.com for information culled from Kalyani Bai’s interview by Shishir Krishna Sharma ji )


Song-Ek geet sunaana hai hamen ek geet sunaana hai (Zameen Aasmaan)(1946) Singers-Kalyani Das, Jagmohan Sursagar, Lyrics- Faiyaz Hashmi, MD- Kamal Dasgupta
Both

Lyrics

Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
Ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai
rone waalon ko hansaana hai
duniya ko swarg banaana hai
hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte rhain
haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain

haan aan aan aan
aan aan aan aan aan
aansoo bhi hansi ban sakte hain
kaanten bhi kali ban sakte hain
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai
ye kar ke hamen dikhaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

thhirak thhirak kar jaise baati
aanchal bhar bhar jyot lutaati
ee ee
waise hi

auron ke liye jal jaana hai
jal jaana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai

ab na rahen ye sapne adhoore ae ae ae
ye geet hamen kar denge poore
ae ae ae

jo khoya hai so paana hai
paana hai ae ae
jo khoya hai so paana hai

hamen naach naach ke gaana hai
hamen jhoom jhoom ke gaana hai
hamen naach naach ke
jhoom jhoom ke
gaana hai ae ae
ek geet sunaana hai hamen
ek geet sunaana hai


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3922 Post No. : 14987

Shamshad Begum, a name too familiar to music lovers of the golden era was born on this day 100 years ago (on 14 april 1919). Her voice, much distinct from all others had that metallic as well as melodious touch which brought her fame from all over the country.

April 14 did ring a bell, but I was not very much aware that it was her birth centenary this year. A comment from one of the regulars Partha Chanda ji on the anniversary pages was enough for me to get this post going.

As I have said earlier, the expectations of music lovers from this blog continues to grow. Music lovers are aware that probably nothing new may be written about such great artists, but they know that this is one of the few places on the internet, where legends are often celebrated and discussed. Apart from hearing these golden compositions and voices, reading about other people’s views and appreciations especially of our favourites has become an enthusiastic habit.

Since, I got to get this post really fast, I would only like to restrict my views on a composer collaboration of Shamshad Begum, which I have no hesitation in considering as the best. Shamshad Begum sang many songs for almost all the composers of her era. Her singing to a few of such composers made her songs ever more popular. So popular that to this day some of these songs are re-mixed and enjoyed by a different class of people. However, it’s my personal opinion that the very songs which made her more popular with these composers were responsible for her fading away from the playback scene. It’s because she sort of got trapped with these special group songs and the more serious songs meant for the lead actresses went to Lata. I would love to write more elaborately on this subject and my views on it some other time.

Avid music lovers can easily understand which composers I am referring to in the above para, but in this post I would like to talk about her playback for composer Naushad Ali.

I mean no discredit to other great composers like Anil Biswas, Ghulam Haider and Ghulam Mohammed etc. for whom Shamshad Begum sang some really good songs.

Naushad saab, created gold with every singer who sang for him and Shamshad Begum was no exception. Shahjehan, Dard, Anokhi Ada, Mela, Andaz, Chandni Raat, Dulari, Babul, Deedar, Jadoo, etc. stand tall in some of the best creations of Naushad’s career. And, Shamshad Begum was associated in a big way in the songs of all these films.

AK ji’s blog has very elaborate post on her songs with Naushad. Yours truly, in fact has the first comment on the post.
Talking about a few of these films, Shahjehan, the first film of the combo had very interesting numbers by Shamshad Begum. Dard was always a Suraiya, Munawar Sultana film, but Shamshad Begum carves a special place for herself with two great songs. Ye afsana nahi zaalim mere dil ki haqeeqat hai is my all time personal favourite.

Mela and Anokhi Ada will always remain special to me for the Mukesh connection. Just listen to Shamshad Begum singing …..ooooooo……. in Mohan ki muraliya baaje from Mela. I think the rendering cannot be appreciated with mere words. The effortless and elegant way with which the solo is sung makes me dumbstruck to this day.

I have fond memories of songs from Chandni Raat. During the good old cassette era, my parents and obviously I had not heard songs from this film quite too often. On a visit to Bombay, I had carried back this cassette. On playing at home, the songs from the film and especially the wonderful duets with Rafi saab became instant craze and are heard to this day.

Babul, Deedar etc, will also be remembered for the contrasting voices of Lata-Shamshad in duet songs and elegant composition by Naushad saab.
It would not be out of place or wrong to say that she was sort of side-casted in favour of Lata, but even in the latter films of Naushad whenever she rendered the odd songs or supported in duets, the class and elegance remained.

Writing about her last days in her singing career will yield nothing. The metallic and melodious voice with crystal clear diction will remain ringing in our ears for decades to come.

On her birth centenary, I pay my humble tributes to Shamshad Begum and would like to represent a song from Aadmi (1957)


Song-Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke yaad aayi (Aadmi)(1957) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Sartaj Rahmani, MD-Ramnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

aankhon mein pyaar liye
aaye sanwariya
aaye sanwariya ji
aaye sanwariya

loot ke chale gaye
man ki nagariya
man ki nagariya
ho man ki nagariya

kaisa ye dhokha khaaya
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai
lut gayi raam duhaai

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

marzi tumhaari piya
aao na aao
aao na aao ji
aao na aao

dil ko sambhaaloon kaise
ye to bataao
ye to bataao ji
ye to bataao

kaise wo aag bujhaaoon
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi
tumne jo aag lagaayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

kaise kahoon sakhiyon se
dil pe tera raaz hai
dil pe tera raaz hai ji
dil pe tera raaz hai

jhuki jhuki ankhiyon mein
duniya ki laaj hai
duniya ki laaj hai ho
duniya ki laaj hai

bedardi tu na aaya
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi
ho gayi preet paraayi

ho o o o
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi

haay dil dhadka
aankh lajaai
aayi re
aayi re
aaayi
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
yaad aayi
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke
chhup chhup ke re chupke chupke


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3921 Post No. : 14985 Movie Count :

4099

Today 13th April 2019 marks one hundred years of the most barbaric massacre of people under the British rule in India. On this day every year we also celebrate ‘Baisakhi’ all over India.

It was hundred years ago on 13th April 1919 that people gathered on the occasion of ‘Baisakhi’ at the ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ in Amritsar were fired upon ruthlessly by ‘bullets’ from the British Police and hundreds of them were killed brutally and many hundreds were injured.

This incident can never be forgotten as long as History of India and its freedom struggle will be discussed.

It was during last week that I came across this article on the centenary of this incident of ‘Jallianwala Bagh’.

I was aware that there is a movie on ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ and song of it was posted on the blog. I find ‘Jallianwala Bagh Ki Jyoti’ movie of 1953 on the blog. Since I do not remember any other movie with this title, I thought this ‘1953’ movie was the only one. However, to my surprise I found that there was a movie titled ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ and that too was made in 1987.

When I searched for this movie and its song, I was more surprised to know that the music of this movie was composed by R.D. Burman. and its songs were written by Gulzar Saab. I was shocked that I was not aware of this movie. And to add more to our surprise (or my surprise) Gulzar had acted in this movie and some clips of this movie were available on internet. Though Gulzar Saab acted in this movie his name is not mentioned in the titles of this movie.

This movie is about the ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ massacre which took place hundred years back on this day 13th April in 1919 and how the great revolutionary Shahid Udham Singh take revenge of this incident by killing Governer O’Dwyer in London. And he was hanged by the Britishers thereafter and attained martyrdom.

Parishit Sahni played the role of Udham Singh in this movie.

“Jaliyanwala Bagh-1987’ or ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ (1987) was directed by Balraj Tah for ‘Vijayshri Pictures’ presented by Sanjay Khandelwal Film.

Balraj Tah was also the producer of this movie.

It had Vinod Khanna, Parikshit Sahni, Shabana Azmi, Deepti Naval, Om Shivpuri and Mark Freeman (as Governer).
They were supported by Ram Mohan, Burt Doily, J.N. Singh, Sudhir Thakker, Gurmail Singh, June Greshion.

Story of this movie was written by Balraj Tah. Editing was done by Lachhman Dass.
Screenplay and dialogues were written by Gulzar.

Gulzar also wrote the lyrics for the songs in this movie. He also acted in this movie, however in the title credits his name is not mentioned.

All songs in this movie were sung by Bhupinder Singh. While the music was composed by R.D. Burman.
I could not find the video of the songs of this movie.

The movie had two songs only (I can say that based on the online version of this movie available). First one is ‘Heer’ and the other one which are going to listen today. The today’s song plays at four times in the movie.
First time when Vinod Khanna and Parikshit Sahni are leading the ‘procession’ to assemble in the ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ where we can also see Deepti Naval and many others.
The second version is the sad version and ‘mukhda’ only when Amar (Vinod Khanna) succumbs to the injuries during the firing by British Police.
Few lines of the same song are again repeated when Udham Singh, preparing for O’Dwyer’s assassination remembers his friend Amar. And forth time the song is played with first stanza in the background after Udham Singh (Parikshit Sahni) is hanged by the Britishers and Deepti Naval (widow of Amar-Vinod Khanna) is shown paying tributes at the modern-day ‘Jallianwala Bagh’ memorial.

This movie was passed by Censor Board on 30.01.1987.

Let us pay our tributes to all those martyrs and listen to this song …

Audio (Part I)

Audio (Part II)

Song-Sooliyon pe chadhh ke choome aaftaab ko (Jallianwala Baagh)(1987) Singer-Bhupinder Singh, Lyrics-Gulzar, MD-R D Burman

Lyrics

(at 00:48:40 in the movie)

Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Ho sooliyon pe chadh ke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

Log jab uthhe baghaawat ke liye
Imaan se ae
Aandhiyon ko bhaagte dekha Hai
is maidaan se
Log jab uthhe baghaawat ke liye
Imaan se ae
Aandhiyon ko bhaagte dekha Hai
is maidaan se
Hamne patthar se lahoo girte huye
Dekha hai yaar
Hamne patthar se lahoo girte huye
Dekha hai yaar

Jab bhi takraayi hai janta
Zulm ki chattaan se ae
Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko o
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Ho sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

Chhoo ke to dekhen
Shaheedon ki anokhi shaan ko
Jaan ki baazi lagaakar aazmaayen
Jaan ko
Chhoo ke to dekhen
Shaheedon ki anokhi shaan ko
Jaan ki baazi lagaakar aazmaayen
Jaan ko
Aaj aazaadi ki shammaa par agar jal jaayenge
Aaj aazaadi ki shammaa par agar jal jaayenge
Raushni degaa hamaara naam
Hindustaan ko
Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko o
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Ho sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko o
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

————————————
Part – II (Sad)
————————————
(at 00:57:56 to 00:58:18 in the movie)
—————————————

Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj inquilaab ko

————————–
(01:22:06)

Part-III
—————————
Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj inquilaab ko
ho Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao
aaj Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

——————————
(01:40:51)
——————————
Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao aaj
Inquilaab ko
Ho sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao aaj
Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

Log jab uthhe baghaawat ke liye
Imaan se ae
Aandhiyon ko bhaagte dekha
Hai is maidaan se
Log jab uthhe baghaawat ke liye
Imaan se ae
Aandhiyon ko bhaagte dekha
Hai is maidaan se
Hamne patthar se lahoo girte huye
Dekha hai yaar
Hamne patthar se lahoo girte huye
Dekha hai yaar
Jab bhi takraayi hai janta
Zulm ki chattaan se ae
Sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko o
Aawaaz denge aao aaj
Inquilaab ko
Ho sooliyon pe chadhke choome
Aaftaab ko
Aawaaz denge aao aaj
Inquilaab ko
Inquilaab zindaabaad
Inquilaab zindaabaad

———————————————————————-
(Lyrics in Devnagri Script provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
———————————————————————-

सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को
हो सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद

लोग जब उठे बगावत के लिए
ईमान से ए
आँधियों को भागते देखा है इस मैदान से
लोग जब उठे बगावत के लिए
ईमान से ए
आँधियों को भागते देखा है इस मैदान से
हमने पत्थर से लहू गिरते हुए
देखा है यार
हमने पत्थर से लहू गिरते हुए
देखा है यार
जब भी टकराई है जनता
ज़ुल्म की चट्टान से ए
सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को ओ
हो सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद

छु के तो देखे
शहीदों की अनोखी शान को
जान की बाज़ी लगाकर आजमाएंगे
जान को
छु के तो देखे
शहीदों की अनोखी शान को
जान की बाज़ी लगाकर आजमाएंगे
जान को
आज आज़ादी की शम्मा पर अगर जल जायेंगे
आज आज़ादी की शम्मा पर अगर जल जायेंगे
रौशनी देगा हमारा नाम
हिन्दुस्तान को
सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को ओ
हो सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद
इन्किलाब जिंदाबाद

————————————————————–

(भाग-२)

सूलियों पे चढ़के चूमे आफताब को
आवाज़ देंगे आओ आज इन्किलाब को

—————————————————————


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3921 Post No. : 14984 Movie Count :

4098

Wadia Movietone has been known for producing films in the genres mainly of stunts, actions, fantasies and costumes. The banner was set up in 1933 by Wadia Brothers – J B H Wadia (1901-1986) and Homi Wadia (1911-2004). ‘Laal-E-Yaman’ (1933) was its first sound film produced under the banner and directed by J B H Wadia which became a box office success. With this film, the name of Fearless Nadia who had a small role in this film and Wadia Movietone became inseparable in the 1930s and 40s.

From the list of films produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone, mainly during 1930s and 40s, one can categorise the films as ‘Rail Films’, ‘Jungle Films’, ‘Arabian Nights Films’ etc.

Wadia Brothers were pioneer in producing films based on the railway themes. Their first ‘rail’ film was ‘Toofaan Mail’ (1932- Silent) which became box office success. In the talkies’ rail films, ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936), ‘Flying Ranee’ (1939), ‘Punjab Mail’ (1939), ‘Return of Toofaan Mail’ (1942) etc were produced by Wadia Movietone. They were also pioneer in ‘Jungle’ films such as ‘Toofaani Tarzan’ (1937), ‘Jungle King’ (1939), ‘Jungle Princess’ (1942) etc.

As far as I know, Wadia Movietone produced the first Hindi film ‘Naujawaan’ (1937) without having any songs. It was an action-oriented film. But the film had to be withdrawn from a Delhi theatre when riots broke out. The audience screamed that Wadias had cheated them as they felt that a film was incomplete without songs. The film flopped at the box office.

Wadia brothers had been raised in westernized culture. Hollywood films were their role models. But sometime in the mid-1930s, J B H Wadia, the elder brother and the main brain behind Wadia Movietone was attracted towards ongoing nationalist movements. He got associated with Indian National Congress. With this association, he felt that it was his duty to produce the socially relevant films with some social messages for the masses. A few of his subsequent stunt films conveyed social messages like women’s emancipation, evils of caste system, need for education etc. For instance, in ‘Hurricane Hansa’ (1937) it has been shown as to how a ‘harijan’ girl Hansa transforms into ‘hurricane’ Hansa to take revenge on those who had destroyed her family.

The year 1938 played a definitive role in the life of J B H Wadia as he came into contact with Manabendra Nath Roy (M N Roy) one of the founders of the Communist Party of India. Later, he left his Marxist ideology and adopted the philosophy of Radical Humanism. Both were briefly associated with Indian National Congress but left Congress in 1938 to form a new party called Radical Democratic Party of India. His friendship with M N Roy remained intact until the latter’s death in 1954. Many years after his death, J B H Wadia wrote a memoirs of his years with M N Roy and got it publish as a book – M N Roy, The Man: An Incomplete Royana (1983).

This association had a far reaching impact on J B H Wadia in terms of film productions in Wadia Movietone. He started spending more time in his political activities than in Wadia Movietone. Most of the films were either directed by his younger brother, Homi Wadia or other directors. He just wanted to ensure that the films’ screen-plays and dialogues cover some social themes more than the stunts. He had also become the conscious of the Hindustani classical music.

As contributions towards socially and culturally responsible film-maker, he started making short films like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose’s speech at a Congress Committee meetings, on classical musicians like Mallika Pukhraj, Kumar Gandharva, Feroze Dastoor, (some of them are available on YT). These short films were given to exhibitors free of charges to be shown before the feature films of Wadia Movietone were screened.

Around the same time, J B H Wadia seems to have felt that having established successfully Wadia Movietone, he was looking for some kind of establishing his intellectual credibility as a producer-director of repute ( I guess, JBH Wadia may have been influenced by the name and fame which his compatriot directors like V Shantaram and P C Barua had earned in the Hindi film industry). With this background, he took upon himself an ambitious project ‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) which was to be produced in three languages – Hindi, English (Court Dancer) and Bengali.

‘Raj Nartaki’ (1941) was a prestigious project for J B H Wadia. Wadia Movietone spend a lot of money on the elaborate and expensive sets. Top stars like Prithiviraj Kapoor and Sadhana Bose were part of the film’s cast. While the film established J B H Wadia as an intellectual film maker, the film in all the three languages together could barely recover the cost of productions. In a way, it can be said that the film was a final straw in a already stained relationship between the partners of Wadia Movietone which was running into the losses.

In any partnership firm, when chips are down, the disagreements between partners come to the fore. Homi Wadia, 10 year younger to his elder brother, J B H Wadia was so far been a junior partner. With losses mounting due to some films not faring well at the box office, the differences between the Wadia Brothers came into forefront. While J B H Wadia wanted to make films in the social genre, Homi Wadia and another partner, Billimoria wanted to make box office hit films irrespective of genres. The irreconcilable differences between the brothers led to the split with Homi Wadia going separate to set up his own Basant Pictures and Basant Studio. As a part of dissolution of partnership and settlements, Wadia Movietone had to sell its studio located at Parel to V Shantaram which was renamed as Rajkamal Studio.

After the split, Homi Wadia slicked to producing stunts films at a shoe-sting budget such as ‘Hunterwali Ki Beti’ (1943), ‘Sher-e-Baghdad’ (1946), Flying Prince’ (1946), ‘Stunt Queen’ (1947, and ’11 o Clock’ (1948) with Nadia and John Cawas as main actors. Despite the split, Homi Wadia and J B H Wadia jointly produced about 16 films during 1950-70, the latter now being a junior partner.

‘Kahaan Hai Manzil Teri’ (1939) was one of those ‘out-of-the-box’ films from Wadia Movietone which was directed by S M Yousuf. The star cast included Ila Devi, Harishchandra Rao, Radharani, Shah Nawaz, Urmila, Master Chhotu, Nazira, Agha, Dalpat, Sayani Aatish etc.

A summarized version of the story of the film given in the review of the film published in December 1939 issue of ‘Filmindia’ magazine is set out below:

The story goes back to old times when sacrificing of a virgin at the altar of god to please him was practiced. In a Santhal village, the annual sacrifice of a virgin is under preparation with the high priest of the temple supervising the event. In reality, the high priest, Balraj (Shah Nawaz) has arranged to keep unscrupulously these virgins in a hidden room as unwilling victims of his lust.

Paras (Harishchandra Rao) protests against this rituals and this time it is his sister’s turn for the sacrifice. His resistance to the ritual earns the wrath of the high priest. Paras escapes from the village with the help of Godavari (Radharani) who is the daughter of Balraj. She is also in unrequited love with Paras.

Paras goes to the capital of an Aryan king, Satluj who is determined to root out the primitive practice of sacrificing of virgins. In the kingdom, Paras becomes affectionate of Princess Ragini (Ila Devi). Paras reciprocates her affection. But he has little time for love as his aim is to avenge the death of his father and the ‘sacrifice’ of his sister.

In the Aryan capital, Naru, the prime minister of the kingdom is planning to overthrow the king with the help of Balraj for realization of his own ambitions. The king is killed. Princess Ragini is kidnapped and handed over to Balraj for ‘sacrifice’. Paras goes to save Princess Ragini from this trap. Once again, it is Godavari who helps him at the cost of sacrificing her life at the hands of her own father.

At last, Paras becomes successful in exposing Balraj as scoundrel under the grabs of religious activities and the superstitions. Santhals and Aryans are united in a bond of brotherhood. Paras wins the hands of Princes Ragini.

One can guess from the story of the film as to how J B H Wadia has been influenced by the M N Roy’s ideology of Radical Humanism which worked for the eradication of social evils, women’s emancipation, education etc.

The film had four songs – all written by Wahid Qureshi who also wrote the story and dialogue for the film. Songs were set to music by Madhavlal Damodar Master.

Here is the first song – a title song – ‘kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir’ from the film to appear on the Blog. The song is sung by Ila Devi and Chorus.

Acknowledgement: In writing this article, especially for the period during which J B H Wadia’s political association, his passion for humanist ideology, his yearning for name and fame as an intellectual producer-director, I have been greatly benefited by a scholarly article by Rosie Thomas on Nadia and Wadia Brothers which appeared in a book ‘Bollyworld: Popular Indian Cinema Through A Transitional Lens (2005) – Edited by Raminder Kaur and Ajay J Sinha.

Audio Clip:

Song-Kahaan hai manzil teri (Kahaan hai Manzil teri)(1939) Singers-Ila Devi, Unknown male voice, Lyrics-Wahid Qureshi, MD-Madholal Damodar Master
Chorus
Ila devi + chorus

Lyrics

kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri
kahaan hai manzil teri musaafir
kahaan hai manzil teri ee

bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
bhor bhayi sab panchhi jaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
apne apne kaam ko bhaage
tu bhi chala chal aage aage
raste ko mat bhool

kahaan hai manzil teri

chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne hi kaa naam hai manzil
chalne se mat ho tu gaafil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
sone se kya hogaa haasil
apne mann se poochh musaafir
apne mann se poo….chh

chalna teri reet puraani
chalna teri reet puraani
sunn dariya se apni kahaani
jeewan tera behta paani

chalne ko mat bhool musaafir
chalne o mat bhoo……ol

kahaan hai manzil teeeeeri eeeee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3920 Post No. : 14983 Movie Count :

4097

Today’s song is from a film, which is not only a rare but also an obscure film, about which not much is known. The film is Mera Gaon-1942.

1942 was an important year in the Independence struggle of our country. The historical ” Quit India ” (चले जाव) movement was launched by Gandhiji. He had also appealed to Indians to march towards the villages, where the real India lay, according to his philosophy. Due to unemployment and frequent dry spells in the countryside, the farmers started an influx to the cities leaving their farms. His appeal was towards such people to go back to their villages.

Impressed with Gandhiji’s clarion call, even film makers were eager to make patriotic films and songs. One such patriotic song from film Kismet-43 came under the scan of the British empire and its writer-Kavi Pradeep- had to go underground for some time to avoid arrest. Film Mera Gaon-42 was also one such patriotic film. Though I have not seen this film, I have seen its photos and comments thereon in Film India issues of 1942. A lot can be guessed from it.

The film was made by laxmi productions, Bombay and was directed by a popular and veteran Bangla director Profull Roy. Music was also by a veteran Bangla composer-K C Dey. Bengal’s respected, popular and skilled actress Chhaya Devi also acted in this Hindi film. Prafulla Roy ( Born on 1-1-1892 at Kushtia, Bengal) started his career from silent era by directing 2 silent films. His first talkie film in Hindi was Ramayan-34, made by Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Calcutta.

After New Theatres became well established and made films in Bangla and Hindi competition came up. Calcutta’s New Theatres was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were many Production houses in Calcutta alone. Some of them were- Arora Film Co..,Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir RBS Prodn, Dev-Dutt films, East India F.Co., Indua Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Madan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha F.Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise F.Co., M and S.F.D. Company, and Tollywood studio. ( interesting point is, Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood decades after this Calcutta studio-Tollywood- which continued till today for Bangla Film industry). Only few of these were regular film production houses with own facilities. Most others were formed to produce occasional films, using facilities at the regular production houses.

One of the major production house was Bharat Laxmi. Established in 1934 by Babulal Choukhani in Kolkata, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures became a force to reckon with in Bangla cinema and churned out many important productions in the coming two decades. In the very same year, Choukhani sets up Bharat Lakshmi Studio in Tollygunge and gets industry stalwarts like Ahindra Chowdhury, Jahar Ganguly and Dhiraj Bhattacharya to collaborate with him on some major projects of this decade. Prolific, resourceful and immensely enterprising, Shree Bharat Lakshmi Pictures holds a key position in the history of Bangla cinema.

This Bharat Laxmi Pictures had taken Prafull Roy as its director for Bangla and Hindi films. Roy directed 12 films in Hindi. 9 out of them were made in Calcutta, 1 film in Lahore (Prem yatra-37) and 2 in Bombay (Mera Gaon-42 and Phulwari-51). Roy had also acted in 2 New Theatres films, namely Millionaire-36 and Mukti-37.

Chhaya Devi, who was a very well known name in Bangal, came to Bombay for this film, only on the special request of Prafull Roy. Same reason for K C Dey also for this film.

Chhaya Devi – one of the greatest actresses to have ever graced the cinema screen. At a time when women were few in acting, this lady dedicated herself wholeheartedly to the art of cinema and music. Quite less is known of Chhaya Devi about her early life.

Chhaya Devi was born in Bhagalpur in the year 1921 in a very educated and aristocrat family. Her father was Haradhan Gangopadhay. Chhaya Devi was known as “Kanak” in her childhood. Chhaya Devi started her primary education in Mikkhoda Girls School of Bhagalpur. Then her father shifted to Delhi. There she was adimitted in the Indraprastha Girls School. As per her family regulations she was married to Buddhadeb Chattopadhay at the age of only 11. In her early years of marriage, she suffered domestic violence from her husband who was the head master at the Zila School in Ranchi. In an effort to escape the torture and lead a more independent life, She came to Kolkata with her father, when she was a student of tenth standard.

In Kolkata she started taking lessons in music from legendary singer Krishna Chandra Dey. She was introduced to Upen Goswami of East India Film Company by her cousin Suresh Chandra. Suresh Chandra was a theatre enthusiast and a close friend to Upen Goswami. East India Film Company engaged Chhaya Devi for their film “Pather Seshe” in lien of a low remuneration of Rs. 750/-. There after Debaki Basu gave her a chance in “Sonar Sangsar”. This film was released in the year 1936 and it brought fame to Chhaya Devi. She then acted in films like “Rajani”, “Chhinna Haar”, “Pratisodh” and Devika Basu directed Hindi film “Bidyapati”. Suddenly she left film acting and went back to Bhopalpur. There she started taking lessons on classical music from Damodar Mishra. She used to sing Khayal and Thumri from Radio Station. She learnt classical dancing from Shanku Maharaj and Bela Aruab. After few years on request of director Sushil Majumdar and others Chhaya Devi again returned to the film industry. She acted in “Abhayer Biye”. She also sang a few songs in that film.She acted on multi-version (Bengali-Hindi-Tamil) film “Ratnadwip”. Apart from Bengali films she simultaneously acted in many Hindi films in this second phase. Her remarkable films were “Dada Thakur”, “Raja Ram Mohon”, “Arogyo Niketan”, “Sapta Padi”, “Apanjan” etc.

Though Chhaya Devi debuted in Bengali movie Sonar Sansar in 1936, she acquired fame for the outstanding acting in the role of Queen Lakshmi in the movie Bidyapati in 1938.From lead female roles in her early days to character roles in her later years, Chhaya Devi had shown her creative ability in acting. In Atal Jaler Ahwan (1962), she stole the heart of the viewers with her soft and loving acting as mother of Soumitra Chatterjee. In Deya Neya (1963) she acted as the helpless mother of the aspirant singer Prashanta (Uttam Kumar). In the movie Saat Pake Badha (1963) she was the heartless, rude and indifferent mother of Suchitra Sen opposing the affair of her daughter with Soumitra. Chhaya Devi played the role of the mother of Uttam Kumar in many films. In Anthony Firingee (1967), Chhaya Devi was mother of Hensman Antony (Uttam Kumar). Apanjan, an outstanding film directed by Tapan Sinha in 1967, which won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali, as well as several BFJA Awards, was considered having one of the best of the performances of Chhaya Devi. In Podi Pisir Bormi Bakso (1972), a children’s movie made from a story written by Leela Majumdar and directed by Arundhati Devi, Chhaya Devi played an unforgettable lead comic role of Podi Pisi, the widowed elderly aunt.

Chhaya Devi acted in only 8 Hindi films, namely Vidyapati-37, The Rise-39, Mera Gaon-42, Shri Ramanuj-43. Uttara Abhimanyu-46, Jogi aur Jawani-75, Aalaap-77 and Rang Birangi-83. Chhaya Devi died on 27-4-2001.

The cast of the film was Hansa Wadkar, Chhaya Devi, Jairaj, K C Dey, Majid, Agha, Moti, Kashinath etc. There were 10 songs in the film, all written by Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt. Raghunath Brahmbhatt was born on 13-12-1892. He was a famous Gujarati poet and also a popular playwright. He was aptly called ‘Rasakavi’ or ‘Poet of rasa’. He began his career by writing erotic poems that became very popular. His plays mainly tackled mythological and historical subjects, such as Buddhadev i.e. ‘The God Buddha’, Sringi rishi i.e. ‘Mountain Sage’, Ajatsatru, Saraswatichandra, Sneh mudra i.e. ‘Ring of Affection’. He followed Sanskrit dramaturgy i.e. a novelty when Shakespearean adaptations ruled the Gujarati stage. His adaptations of Nanalal Kavi’s verse plays and Govardhanrams novel, Saraswatichandra, were highly appreciated by audiences. He is accepted in literary circles as a major dramatist, a rare recognition for a writer of the old professional theatre. His autobiography Smaran manjari i.e. ‘Cluster of Memories’ in 1955 traces the history of Gujarati theatre over three decades beginning from 1910.

Darpana’s productions of his play Kalyan rajya i.e. ‘Benevolent Kingdom’ in 1962 points to his ability to attract the experimental theatre. Raghunath Brahmbhatt died on 11-7-1983. He wrote lyrics for just 6 Hindi films- Do deewane-36, Baaraat-42, Mera Gaon-42, Ashirwad-43, Bhakta Bilwamangal-48 and Roop sundari-49.

Here is the rare song, sung by K C Dey, an unknown female and chorus.


Song-Nandrani ki kasam, Thakurani ki kasam (Mera Gaaon)(1942) Singers- K C Dey, unknown female voice, Lyrics- Kavi Raghunath Bramhabhatt, MD- K C Dey
chorus

Lyrics

Nandrani ki kasam,
Thakurani ki kasam
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansi ke bajaane
?? ke laal
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
kahaan se aayi
kaun bulaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi
aa kar raar kyon machaayi

jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
jaa re tori chaturaayi ?? re
ho
kanhaiyya saamne ho
ho
kanhaiyya saamne

bansuri ?? kanhaayi
kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
bajaayi
toone ?? karaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi
baansuri ?? kanhaayi
apni baansuri bajaayi
toone murli chalaayi
mohe neend se jagaayi

koi haath ke kangan
aaha
koi haath ke kangan
aha
koi kangan ke ratan
bhool aayi re
gori haath ke kangan
gori haath ke kangan
koi rang ke ratan
bhool aayi re
ho kanhaiyya
saamne ho
kanhaiyya saamne

giridhaari ee ee ee ee
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
har dil mein tera dhaam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
hriday kunj mein
mohan teri
murli baje aviraam
giridhaari natwar shyaam
giridhaari natwar shyaam

baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se
baja re prem se
ho baja re prem se
prem ki ye bansari
gopal
baja le prem se
prem ki hai bansari
?? kunj mein gopal baja le
prem se
baja le prem se
ho baja le prem se


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3918 Post No. : 14981

“Raajput”(1982) was produced by Musheer Riaz and directed by Vijay Anand for M R Productions, Bombay. This “social” movie had Dharmendra,Hema Malini,Rajesh Khanna, Vinod Khanna, Ranjeeta Kaur, Tina Munim,Rehman, Ranjeet, Nazir Hussain, Om Shivpuri, Indrani Mukherjee, Iftekhar, Purnima, Murad, Mohan Sherry, Prem Sagar, Tej Sapru, Brahma Bhardwaj, Harbans Darshan M Arora etc in it.

The movie had six songs in it. Four songs (including one muliple version song) has been covered in the past.

Here is the fifth song from “Raajput”(1982) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Rafi and female chorus. Anand Bakshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal.

The song is a bacround song which is picturised as a bidaai song. The picturisation shows Hema Malini is a doli, with this song being played in the background. The picturisation shows Rajesh Khanna (the bridegroom), alongwith Tej Sapru (his father) and other members of Barat party. In a distance Dharmendra is seen astride a horse.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra. He points out that he audio of this song is longer than the video by one stanza and more. Lyrics are as per the full audio version.

Audio( Full)

video(Partial)

Song-Doli ho doli (Raajput)(1982) Singer-Rafi, Lyrics-Anand Bakshi, MD-Laxmikant Pyarelal
Female Chorus

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

doli ho doli ee
ho doli
doli ho doli ee
jab jab guzri tu iss dagar se
bichhdaa koyee humjoli ee
doli ho doli
ho doli
doli
ho doli ee

maayad ri laadli
baabaa sa ri pyaari
chhod peehar ye le chaali ee
maayad ri laadli
baabaa sa ri pyaari
chhod peehar ye le chaali ee

tu kyaa jaaney
kaun suhaagan
tu kyaa jaaney
kaun suhaagan
tu kyaa jaaney
kaun abhaagan
jo baithha bas uss ko uthhaayaa
apne raste ho li ee
doli
ho doli
ho doli
doli ho doli ee

ik aangan tu phulwaa baante
ik aangan bikhraaye kaante
tere aagey peechhe dukh sukh
kheley aankh michauli ee
doli ho doli
ho doli
doli ho doli ee

maayad ri laadli
baabaa sa ri pyaari
chhod peehar ye le chaali ee

jag mein aissaa kyun hota hai
ik hanstaa hai
ik rotaa hai
tujh se kitni baar ye poochhaa
tu ik baar na boli ee
doli ho doli
jab jab guzri
tu iss dagar se
bichhdaa koyee humjoli ee
doli ho doli
doli ho doli ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3917 Post No. : 14980 Movie Count :

4096

Today’s song is from film Poornima-38.

The film was made by Prakash Pictures- a joint venture of brothers, Shankar and Vijay Bhatt. The film was directed by Balwant Bhatt- not related to them but elder brother of another director Nanabhai Bhatt. In those days Marathi and Gujarati people were found in large numbers in the film industry. The simple reason was that Bombay was in Bombay Presidency and both Bombay(Maharashtra) and Gujarat were its part. Secondly, two two major requirements of films, namely Finance and Actors were available in abundance here. Gujarati people controlled the finance and Marathi people looked after the acting side.

However, for acting and for other branches of film making people from all over India flocked to Bombay, but money investment was done by the locals. If you see the cast of any film made in the early era, you would find names of Muslim girls in abundance. For example, just see the cast of today’s film only. It consists of Sardar Akhtar ( Sardar is a proper name and not a title), Shirin Bano, putli bai,Noorjehan, Tarabai, Nirasha etc. There was a reason for this too.

As the Talkie films started, the number of Anglo Indian Girls rapidly went down as most of them did not know Hindi nor could they sing.Only a few hard working Anglo Indian girls survived and progressed from silent to Talkie films,like Savita Devi (Iris Gasper)-who learnt Hindi/Urdu and singing,with efforts, Sulochana (Ruby Myers),Indira Devi(Effie Hippolet),Lalita Devi(Bonnie Bird),Pramila(Esher Abrahams),Seeta Devi(Renee Smith),Madhuri(Beryl Classen),Manorama(Winnie Stewart) etc. Since singing was an important requisite,the field was now open to singing girls from Kothas,Tawayafs and professional singers.Reasonably good looks and singing ability was what made them actresses. These girls,who came from Kothas and professional singer families used the suffix ” Bai” to their names to differentiate their specialty. Thus you had Jaddan bai,Amir bai,Johrabai,Rattan bai etc etc.

Many young singing girls found Cinema as a place where they could get (catch ? ) a good Husband from a better family background,earning respectability(forget religion). Many starlets married Producers,directors,Actors,Singers and Composers,left acting and settled as respectable Housewife. Some girls got Husbands from Nawabs and the Royalties,as they were patrons of Arts. Many examples from early era can be cited in this connection like Gulab bai alias kamla devi married S.Fatelal-Dir. in Prabhat Films.

Jaddanbai married a Medical student and a Jahagirdar-Uttamchand. Fatima bai(mother of Alam Ara fame Zubeida) married nawab of Sachin,Guajarat
Sultana married Yusuf laljee,Businessman and chief od Bombay Municiple corpn. Actress Sarojini(Roshan) married Nanubhai Vakil-producer/Dir (Their daughter was actress AZRA)

Actress Indurani (Ishrat)-sister of Sarojini- married Ramniklal Shah-Prod/Director
Actress Shirin bai married Nanabhai Bhatt (Their sons are Mahesh Bhatt and Mukesh Bhatt)
Actress Zubeida of Alam Ara married Raja Dhanrajgir of Hyderabad-deccan.
The other actress Zubeida (on whose life, film Zubeida was made) married Maharaja Hanwant Singh of Jodhpur etc.

This trend continued in the industry even after things changed and educated and respected family people entered the industry. Now,one could see marriages were taking place between people of film industry itself like Rattanbai and Director Hafiz,Jyoti and Durrani, Nalini Jaywant and Virendra Desai, Noorjahan-Shaukat hussain rizvi, Meenakumari, Sardar Akhtar, Snehprabha Pradhan, Anil Biswas, Lalita Deulkar etc.

In recent era instances were Waheeda Rehman, Kishore kumar, Asha Bhosle, Hemant kumar, Manik verma, Premlata, Geeta Dutt, Rishi kapoor, Rajesh khanna, Amitabh Bachhan and Abhishek Bachhan etc.

In the cast you find a name Shirin Bano. Yes, she too is one of the above listed artistes who joined films to get a suitable husband and lead a respectable and comfortable life. Shirin, Shirin Bai or Shirin Bano was from a Tawayaf mother from Lucknow. Her father was a Tamil Brahmin- Ram Seshadri Aiyar, who worked as an Accountant with Kikubhai Desai ( father of Manmohan Desai) in his Distribution department.They were 5 sisters and 1 brother. Shirin joined films at an early age. Her first film was Maharani-34 same year she worked in Vehmi duniya, Sewa sadan and Bala Joban. In 1935 her films were Shamsher e Arab, Pardesi Sainya and Bambai ki Sethani. In 36, she worked in Top ka gola, Snehlata, Passing show and Azad veer. Khwab ki duniya, His Highness and Challenge from 37, State Express and Purnima in 38, Leather face and Hero No.1 from 1939. Total 18 films only.

Her youngest sister Meher Bano also joined films with the name Purnima ( she also married a Producer Director Bhagwandas Varma). Shirin married Producer Director Nanabhai Bhatt, who already had a wife and 9 children. They had 2 sons- Mahesh Bhatt and Mukesh Bhatt.

The Heroine of this film was Sardar Akhtar. The life story of Sardar Akhtar- Heroine of this film- is very interesting. Sardar Akhtar was a Punjabi Muslim born in Lahore in 1915. Her mother was a famous singer on the infamous Hira Mandi Road of Lahore. Akhtar learned singing from her mother and also other ustads. Her younger sister Bahar Akhtar was beautiful and a good singer. These sisters were famous as Daaro and Baharo in Lahore. Bahar was hired by United Players Corpn. of Lahore , as a Heroine in their film ” Qatil Katar “. Producer A R Kardar was also its Hero. They fell in love. Bahar was under strict surveilance by her mother, but with the help of a friend, Kardar abducted her and they were married. When this news reached her mother, Akhtar and her mother made a Police complaint against kardar. Kardar and his unit members were arrested and kept in a lock up for few days for abducting a Minor girl. They were released when Bahar herself gave a statement in their favour. Kardar destroyed the negatives of his film to prevent Bahar from further acting in films.

After this episode Akhtar started working in dramas. She went to Calcutta and did a small role in film Dhoop Chaaon-35. From there she came to Bombay and joined Saroj Movietone. She did films like Eid ka chaand,Roop Basant and Naqsh e Sulemani and earned a good name. She acted in films of Minerva and Wadia-mostly stunt action films. Mehboob khan gave her a big role in film Aurat-40 and her image changed. She also did Mehboob’s film Roti, during which they got married on 25-4-1942. They did not have any issues but they adopted Saajid khan, child star of film Son of India-62. After Mehboob’s death in 1964 May, Akhtar lived alone, occasionally visiting Sajid khan, who had settled in USA.

Sardar Akhtar did 44 films. Her last film was Raahat-45. However, she did small roles in films Hulchal-71 and Bandhe Haath-74. Sardar Akhtar sang 92 songs in 27 films. Considering that she was not a regular or playback singer, her 92 songs were highly creditable. Not even 50% of her songs came on gramophone records. During one of her US visits, Sardar Akhtar died there on 2-10-1984. She was a devotee of sufi saint Ashraf khan, her co-star of many films including Roti-42.

The film had 15 songs sung by Sardar Akhtar, Shirin Bano, Ranjit and Shankar Rao Vyas himself. He was the film’s Music Director. This was his first film with Prakash Pictures. He went on working with them in many more films.

Prof. Shankarrao Vyas (1898-1956) was born in Kolhapur on 23-1-1898. His father Ganeshpant was a well known Keertankar and Puranik! So, he was brought up in the religious and musical environment. Unfortunately, Ganeshpant died when Shankar was seven years old. His paternal uncle brought him up for few years. His maternal uncle (Mama) noticed his inclination towards music and enrolled him in the ‘gurukul’ of Maharaj (Pandit) Vishnu Digambar Paluskar.

In those days, students had to sign a bond with the Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. Training period would last 8-10 years and the student would become all-rounder in every field related to music. Thus, Shankar Rao spent nine years in this gurukul, earned ‘Sangeet Pravin’ degree and gold medal for overall development. With the suggestion of guruji, he worked in Lahore vidyalaya for few years.
In 1931, he moved to Ahmadabad for establishing branch of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya. He was an expert not only in vocal music, but could play and repair many instruments including sitar, jaltarang and mendolin. He would conduct orchestra consisting of Indian and western instruments. He was also a very good composer and wrote several bandishes. He was the key person in planning music section of national (Rashtriya) schools: an idea originated by Gandhiji in Ahmadabad.

In 1935, he left Ahmadabad and settled in Bombay. He founded school for music education at Dadar, just outside the western railway station. ‘Vyas Sangeet Vidyalaya’. It is still functioning at this place. His brother Narayanrao Vyas and brother in law Vasantrao Rajopadhye also joined him in this noble cause. Around 1930/31, HMV Company invited both Vyas brothers for recordings and they cut over 200 songs (100 discs) until about 1938. He also cut few orchestral records under ‘Vyas Brothers’ banner playing pure classical ragas. These records were best sellers and company had printed their photographs on record catalogues.

This period was also the beginning of talkie films. Shankar Rao composed music for Hindi (35), Marathi (5), and Gujrathi (3) films from 1937-1955. His first film as a composer was ‘ His Highness’ -37 and the last was ‘ Baal Ramayan’ -released in 56. He also composed background music for fifteen films. Most of his films were based on religious or mythological themes. He also taught music to non-singing actors such as Sardar Akhtar and Shirin Bano. His most famous musical films were – Narsi Bhagat (1940), Bharat Bhet (1941), Ram Rajya (1943, in Hindi and Marathi). Saraswati Rane sung ‘Beena madhur madhur kachu bol’ in raga Bhimpalas in Hindi film ‘Ram Rajya’ and this song became popular throughout India. This was the only film that Gandhji watched in cinema hall and was much impressed with the music. Songs from Marathi version of ‘Ram Rajya’ viz. ‘Sujanho parisa ramkatha’ and ‘Ladkya raanila lagale dohale’ are shown on TV even today.

He was very busy in many fields as a composer, Principal of his music school, author of articles and bandishes, President of Gandharva Mahavidyalaya and founder editor of ‘Sangeet Kala Vihar’ magazine (founded in 1947) of Vidyalaya that is published even today. He passed away at Ahmadabad on 17-12- 1956. He has sung couple of abhangs of Saint Tukaram. These are available on HMV records. Record P 13454 published in 1931 has a sweet abhang – ‘Roopi guntale lochan, charani sthiravale mana’.

Film Poornima-38 was based on the popular famous novel Purnima-in Gujarati- by writer Ramanlal Vasantlal Desai. Let us now enjoy the first song of this film here. The film makes its debut on the Blog.


Song-Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya (Poornima)(1938) Singer-Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics-Sampatlal Shrivastav Anuj, MD- Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori

saas nanadiya mori akeli
saas nanadiya mori akeli
piya milan kaise jaaoon akeli
piya milan kaise jaaoon akeli
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
baaje paayaliya
jaage saheliyaan
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori

jata joot ??
pati shesh chandr ??
lalaat ??
maal gale shesh ??
parvati pati shiva har har
parvati pati shiva har har
parvati pati shiva har har

Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
saas nanadiya mori akeli
saas nanadiya mori akeli
piya milan kaise jaaun akeli
piya milan kaise jaaun akeli
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
daiyya dewarwa paas bithhaawe
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje paayaliya
Jhanan Jhanan mori baaje


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3916 Post No. : 14979 Movie Count :

4095

A someone who has written so many articles on HFM in the blog, people may believe that I have watched lots of movies. That is not true. Out of all the thirty odd posters in the blog, I may have watched the least number of movies. 🙂

When I was in the real movie watching age (in my teens), I watched a few movies till 1972, and then there was a six year hiatus lasting till may 1978 when I did not watch any movies. Then I reached college and got “freedom”which I duly misused by watching movies left and right (bunking college) as if making up for lost time. A few years later, I would begin watching movies in hostel, movie halls etc during my engineering days and later during the early years of my postings.

Then there was a bigger break from watching movies beginning from 2000 ! I was posted to North East parts of the country in january 2000 (just as the new millenium started). From that time till about 2007, I did not watch a single movie in movie halls. Subsequently, I watched “Lage Raho Munna Bhai” in a dilapidated movie hall in Jabalpur in 2008.

I did not watch any other movies from 2008 till about 2014. By that time single screen movie halls were history and one needed to go to malls to watch movies. The very first movie of the decade of 2010s that I watched was in Bilaspur and it was in a mall at Bilaspur. It was “PK”(2014) that I watched in december 2014, just a few days before the Mumbai gangout that I attended.

Next movie that I watched was “Bahubali” part I at Gorakhpur in 2015 while I has reported there on transfer and was waing for my posing order. I was posted to Izatnagar, Bareilly and it was there that I watched “Bahubali” part II in 2017, this time with my wife and daughter. This became the first and so far only movie that my entire family has watched together.

Then I watched a few more movies there. I learnt the art of booking tickets online in advance from my daughter. 🙂

It must be said that most of the movies that I have watched this decade and century have been “hat ke” movies. I cannot stand routine movies and so I do not watch such movies.

Last movie that I watched at Izatnagar was “Pokharan”(2018)- a movie that was right up my alley !

If one looks at the list of songs in the blog, we have songs from movies of every year from 1931 till 2018 ! We are in 2019 but so far no songs from movies of 201`9 have appeared in the blog.

I am in Gorakhpur right now and I have managed to watch a few movies this year. The first movie that I watched was “Uri”, followed by “The Accidental Prime Minister”. Subsequently I have watched “Kesari” and “Junglee”.

In my opinion, it is not the right time to discuss “Uri” and “Kesari”. I will discuss them later. Here I would discuss a song from “Junglee” (2019).

The movie and its actors were all unknown quantities for me. The movie began with great promise but as time wore on, the makers of the movie decided to reduce it to a farcical C grade movie.

In the end, a movie that could have been this era’s “Haathi Mere Saathi” was reduced to a forgettable movie.

The movie ended on a rather unsatisfactory note as far as I am concerned. The second half of the movie was quite farcical. The hero, despite being shot several times from close range and left to die, does not die. What is more, he recovers fully and regains full energy overnight, with all the gun shot woulds vanishing miraculously within hours. The logic followed by the makwers was that everyone else in the movie was expendable, but not the hero. So we find Heroes father as well as the bull elephnd of the jungle- dying at the hands of poachers, just like that, while the hero does not.

I would have liked the bull elephant (shows as friend of the hero since childhood) to survive. That would have been a heart warming end, rather than the less than satisfactory end to the movie.

Just as the movie ended and people began to troop out, we found this song getng played. Arre ! such a hummable song should have been a part of the main movie, rather than being presented as an afterthought, after many of the movie goers have already left the hall !

On checking up online, I find that thiis song is sung by Navraj Hans, Hamsika Iyer, Abhishek Nailwal and Gulshan Kumar. Kumar Suryawanshi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Sameer Uddin.

The song is picturised on the hero (Vidyut Jammwal), Pooja Sawant, Asha Bhat etc.

This is a song that needs to be watched and savoured in isolation, rather than as part of the movie. If one watches this song in isolation, it is quite a heart warming and feel good song.

With this song, “Junglee”(2019) as well as the artists of the song make their debuts in the blog.

I am totally unaware about the singers, so my colour coding and identification of voices is a non starter and I have not even tried to identify the voices. I request our knowledgeable readers to help identify the voices.


Song-Shor macha hai jungle mein (Junglee)(2019) Singers-Navraj Hans, Hamsika Iyer, Abhishek Nailwal,Gulshan Kumar, Lyrics-Kumar Suryavanshi, MD-Sameer Uddin

Lyrics

Shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare
hey
shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare

inko na tum chhedo bhaiyya
sanak na jaaye inka pahiya
arre inko na tum chhedo bhaiyya
sanak na jaaye inka pahiya

ye waise to cool hain
par inka ik usool hai
ye bhoolte na bhai kuchh bhi
inse panga lena bhool hai
ye baithh bhi jaayen
to hote hain sher se oopar
ye tata thaiyya karte
bade mast mauji ban kar

bhaagen saare paanv pasaare
garje jab gajraaj hamaare

shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare
shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare

yeaah

dham dham dham dham dham kaanpe
dhara dhara ye
panja rakhhe bhara bhare ye

mrignayani aankhon mein bas jaa
ya phir unke raste se hat jaa

pyaar se bolo
god uthhaa le
aankh dikhaai to dhobi pachhaade

hoy hoy hoy
hoy hoy hoy

inka junglee hai tashan
khud mein rahte hain magan

sher khan bhi kare hain
inke saamne jatan

mil kar dharti ambar saare
kar den shat shat naman tumhaare

shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare
shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare
shor macha hai jungle mein
soond uthhaaye dangal mein
garje gajraaj hamaare
garje gajraaj hamaare


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(© 2008 - 2019) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14900 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14997

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1167
Total Number of movies covered =4104

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