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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Parul Ghosh


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3762 Post No. : 14735

“Jwaar Bhaata”(1944) was directed by Amiya Chakravarty for Bombay Talkies. The movie had Mridula, Shamim, Agha Jaan, Dilip Kumar, P F Pithawala, K N Singh, Mumtaz Ali, Arun Kumar, Vikram Kapoor, Jagannath Arora,Naseem Lodhi, C J Pandey, Khaleel etc in it. The movie is today remembered as the debut movie of Dilip Kumar.

The movie had ten songs in it. For some reason I thought that this movie was already YIPPEED. My be I confused it with some other movie. Only three songs from the movie have been discussed so far.

Here is the fourth song from “Jwaar Bhaata”(1944) to appear in the blog. This song is a calling the beloved song which is sung by Parul Ghosh. Pt Narendra Sharma is the lyricist. Music is composed by Anil Biswas.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Some words in the lyrics are not clear. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-More aangan mein chhitki chaandni (Jwaar Bhaata)(1944) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Narendra Sharma, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

More aangan mein chhitki chaandni
haan chaandni
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni
haan chaandni
ghar aaja sajan
chhedi koyal ne
chhedi koyal ne preet ki raagini
meethhi raagini
chhedi koyal ne preet ki raagini
meethhi raagini
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni
haan chaandni
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni

chanda more ang jalaaye ae
chanda more ang jalaaye
preet ki jwaala
preet ki jwaala
?? ??
chanda more ang jalaaye
kumhlaaye ho kumhlaaye ae
kumhlaaye piya bin shaalini(?)
haan shaalini(?)
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni
haan chaandni
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni

kheli sajan sang neend nigodi
kheli
haa haa
kheli sajan sang neend nigodi
tadpat nikle man ki ??
??
sajan sang neend nigodi
ho o o o o
main bani teri bairaagini
bairaagini ee
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni
haan chaandni
ghar aaja sajan
More aangan mein chhitki chaandni ee ee ee

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3681 Post No. : 14575

“Sawaal”(1943) was directed by Niranjan for Geetanjali Movietone, Bombay. This “social” movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Ulhas, Radharani, Rajrani, Sadiq, Agha, Niranjan, V Sherali, Habeeb, Babu Bhai etc in it.

Three songs from the movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Sawaal”(1943) to appear in the blog.

HFGK is silent about the singers for four out ten songs of the movie, including this song. Listening to the song, one can make out that this song is sung by Parul Ghosh. Wali Sahab is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pannalal Ghosh.

It is a superb song penned by Wali Sahab. It is a hidden gem of a song. Perhaps songs like this are better than way otherwise such song will get badly mutilated and spoiled by the so called cover version singers.


Song-Kaise chhupaaun kaise bataaun (Sawaal)(1943) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

kaise chupaaun oon
kaise bataaun oon
kaise chhupaaun oon oon
kaise bataaun oon

preet hai tumse
pyaar hai tumse
jeewan ka singaar hai tumse ae
preet hai tumse
pyaar hai tumse
jeewan ka singaar hai tumse ae
man mein ek jwaala jalti hai ae ae
man mein ek jwaala jalti hai
wo kaise dikhlaaun oon oon
kaise bataaun oon
kaise chhupaun
kaise chhupaaun oon
kaise bataaun oon
kaise chhupaaun oon
kaise bataaun oon

honthon par khaamosh kahaani ee
man mein agni aankhon mein paani ee ee
honthon par khaamosh kahaani ee
iska matlab kya hota hai
iska matlab kya hota hai
wo kaise batlaaun oon oon
kaise bataaun oon
kaise chhupaun
kaise chhupaun oon
kaise bataaun oon
kaise chhupaun oon oon


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3503 Post No. : 14074

 

Today’s song is from the film ‘Milan’ (1946).

Bengali people, in general, are fond of reading. The literacy percentage of Bengal during last century and before that has been quite noteworthy. The literate population of Bengal is divided in two parts. One is Bhadralok– a term used to indicate upper and middle class – affluent and educated people; and the other is Madhabit (or what we call a middle class in rest of India). Both these classes of society in Bengal were patrons of books. In addition, Bengal also boasts of a large number of very famous authors. Eminent writers like Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Sarat Chandra Chatterji, Sunil Gangopadhyaya, Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay, Satyajit Ray, Mahashweta Devi, Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Shardendu Bandopadhyay, Humayun Ahmed, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan, Manik Bandopadhyay, Premendra Mitra, Badal Sircar, Sukumar Rai, Jibanand Das, Rajnikant Sen and many others were, and continue to be popular in Bengal.

No wonder, then, that their novels, dramas and short stories became the basis of Bangla films, both in the silent as well as talkie era. In rest of India, almost all major production houses had their own story departments, where many Munshis, Pandits and the likes of them were employed to provide ‘made to order’ story material for films. The Lahore, Bombay and Madras centres depended heavily on mythology, folk tales, history, and stage dramas etc. for their films.

Since Bangla films had their firm stories, their films were closer to the audiences in Bengal and Eastern India in general. This literary sourcing was firmly entrenched in the minds of the film directors of the 1930s to the 1950s, in Bengal. When an exodus of actors, directors and technicians started from Calcutta to Bombay, in the 40s and 50s, most directors from Bengal made Hindi films in the Bombay center, based on Bangla novels, dramas and short stories. Some important examples are, ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ (Salil Choudhari’s short story of 1943), ‘Devdas’, ‘Parineeta’, ‘Parivar’, ‘Biraj Bahu’, ‘Yahudi’, ‘Ratnadeep’ etc.

When Nitin Bose left Calcutta and came to Bombay to join Bombay Talkies, no one was surprised. Bombay Talkies was known to attract Bangla talent and gave them opportunities to showcase their skills. Being owned by a Bengali-Himanshu Rai and managed by a Bengali-Shashadhar Mukherjee, Bangla cine artistes were always welcome. For his first directorial venture in Bombay, Nitin Bose suggested Rabindranath Tagore’s novel Noukadubi, first published in 1906. This story was a favourite of producers. Already a Bangla film on it was made in 1932. Nitin Bose further suggested to make it a bilingual film – in Hindi and Bangla, for Bengal and East India.

The year was 1946. Himanshu Rai had passed away in 1940, S. Mukherjee left in 1942 with his friends. Devika Rani had left in 1945. Bombay Talkies was in dire straits already. The powers that be at the company thought that making a bilingual film will open doors to Bengal and other East Indian states. While the Hindi version ‘Milan’ was made in 1946, the Bangla version ‘Naukadubi’ was made in 1947.

Dilip Kumar was an upcoming new hero in Bombay Talkies. He had just done 2 films. ‘Jwar Bhata’ in 1944 and ‘Pratima’ in 1945. He was chosen for ‘Milan’ as its hero. The film needed two heroines. One, Ranjana was already available and selected. For the second heroine, Bombay Talkies gave advertisements in newspapers. From several applicants, a new Kanpur born Bengali speaking girl Meera Mishra was selected.

Meera Mishra’s joining the films generated a lot of interest and excitement because she was the wife of an IPS officer. She was chosen to play Kamala in both versions. For the role of Hemnalini, Meera Sircar was selected for the Bangla version, and Ranjana did this role in the Hindi versions. The role of Ramesh, the hero, was assigned to Dilip Kumar in the Hindi version, and to Abhi Bhattacharya in the Bengali version. The role of  Akshay Babu was assigned to Pahadi Sanyal in both Hindi and Bangla versions.

In a manner of speaking, Meera Misra made her debut opposite to Dilip Kumar as her first leading man. The film was directed by Nitin Bose and Anil Biswas was the music director. Parul Ghosh lent her voice in both the versions. In ‘Noukadubi’ she had five Tagore songs, her only Bengali songs.

Both ‘Noukadubi’ and ‘Milan’ did well. Initially Meera had planned to retire after this one film. However, her husband, Kripa Sindhu Mishra was killed in action during Delhi riots and Meera decided to carry on with her film career. She had a son Jishnu from the Late KS Mishra. Her other films include ‘Abhijatya’ (1949), ‘Eki Gramer Chhele’ (1950), ‘Abarta’ (1950), ‘Sandhyabelar Rupkatha’ (1950), ‘Sabyasachi’ (Hindi-1948, based on Sarat Chandra Chatterjee’s ‘Pather Dabi’. Meera played the role of Sumitra) and Bishnupriya (1949). Her other Hindi films include ‘Ghar Ki Numaish’ (1949), ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ (1950), ‘Azaadi Ke Baad’ (1951), ‘Chamakee’ (1952), and ‘Chhoti Maa’ (1952). She quit films early and settled into married life again. Her second husband was Mr Ranjit Gupta, Chief Secretary to the Government of West Bengal. She passed away in Calcutta in 2008.

‘Milan’ was produced for Bombay Talkies by Hiten Choudhury, who was with New Theatres earlier. He was the earliest member to leave New Theatres and join Bombay Talkies in Bombay. After Nitin Bose left Bombay Talkies, it was Hiten Choudhury who brought in Bimal Roy to make film ‘Maa’ (1952). Bimal Roy, who had come to Bombay for the premiere of his film ‘Pehla Aadmi ‘ (1950), subsequently settled in Bombay. Asit Sen, BN Banerjee, Salil Choudhury, Hrishikesh Mukherjee and few others too left New Theatres to join Bimal Roy in Bombay.

Director Nitin Bose was working with Dilip Kumar for the first time. That time Dilip had not yet developed the nasty habit of interfering in director and composer’s work. He was still learning and he learnt a lot from Nitin Bose. It seems that the famous hair style of Dilip was also suggested by Nitin Bose while shooting a boat scene for Milan. Dilip acknowledges that Nitin Bose had groomed him.

Later Nitin Bose directed Dilip again for ‘Deedar’ (1951) and ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961). Nitin Bose once wrote that during the shooting of ‘Ganga Jamuna’ he was sitting aside on a chair, helplessly watching Dilip Kumar do his (the director’s)  job. By that time Dilip had obtained a Doctorate in this “art of interference”.

Dilip had become famous due to his early tragic films, when he used to die frequently in most of them. In 1948 alone, out of his 6 films, he died 4 times. In the year 1955, he died in 3 films. In the entire 50’s decade he died 6 times. In a total of 57 films, Dilip kumar had died in 18 of them. Interestingly his last film ‘Qila’ (1998) also saw him dead! A real tragedy king indeed !!! By the way, in his 57 films 39 directors worked with him. SU Sunny directed him in 4 films. Nitin Bose, Bimal Roy and Subhash Ghai directed him in 3 films each.

‘Milan’ was based on Rabindranath Tagore’s novel ’Noukadubi’, published in 1925. This story was a favourite of producers. It was produced in Bangla in 1932, 1947, 1979 and 2011. Hindi versions came in as ‘Milan’ (1946), ‘Ghoonghat’ (1960) and ‘Kashmakash’ (2011). The cast of the 1946 version incudes Dilip Kumar, Meera Mishra, Ranjana, Pahadi Sanyal, Shyam Laha, S.Nazir, Moni Chatterjee, KP Mukherjee etc. The story is –

The story is set in 1905. Ramesh (Dilip Kumar) is studying law in Calcutta and has just appeared for his final exams. He is a friend and neighbour of Jogen who is also studying law. Jogen (Shyam Laha) lives with his father Annada Babu (Moni Chatterjee) and sister Hemnalini (Ranjana). Ramesh and Hemnalini are fond of each other and Ramesh visits their house most days for tea. Their association is disliked by another friend Akshay (Pahadi Sanyal) who also likes Hemnalini.

Ramesh has been asked to come back to his village for the holidays by his father but is dissuaded from going by Hemnalini. Ramesh’s father Braja Mohan (KP Mukherjee) is from the priestly caste and lives in the village. He receives an anonymous letter stating that his son is involved with the neighbour’s daughter who comes from a tradesman caste and that he spends his entire time there.

Braja Mohan goes to the city and brings Ramesh back with him to the village. He has arranged Ramesh’s wedding with a poor widow’s daughter. Ramesh tries to convince his father about his involvement with Hemnalini. His father after satisfying himself that Ramesh has as yet not committed himself to Hemnalini prevails upon Ramesh to marry Sushila because of the promise he had given to the girl’s mother. There is a storm at night when the wedding party from the groom’s side is returning to their village by boat. During the crossing the boat capsizes. Nearly all on the boat are drowned including Ramesh’s father and Ramesh appears to be the only one to survive. He sees a woman in bridal dress lying unconscious on the bank. He brings her to his village but soon understands that this is a case of mistaken identity. She continuously checks him when he calls her Sushila and tells him her name is Kamala (Meera Mishra). He realizes there was another bridal procession and their boat too had capsized.

After the formalities of his father’s funeral service Ramesh decides to take Kamala to Calcutta. He finds out about her only living relative, an uncle, and writes to him. A letter arrives telling him of the death of Kamala’s uncle but the sender has mentioned Kamala’s husband’s name and profession. His name is Nalin and he’s a doctor. Ramesh now starts searching for Dr. Nalin. He has so far made no mention about his marriage to Hemnalini or her family nor told anyone regarding the mistaken identity of his supposed bride to avoid any embarrassment to the girl.

On arrival in Calcutta, Ramesh suggests that Kamala get an education. After allaying her apprehension regarding her age he admits her in a girl’s boarding school. Akshay’s sister also studies in the same school and through her Akshay gets to know the truth about Ramesh’s marriage. In the evening he questions Ramesh in front of Hemnalini. Ramesh deflects the question and asks Hem to trust him. Preparations are on at Annada’s house for the wedding of Hemnalini and Ramesh. Their wedding is set for the coming Sunday but Ramesh is asked by the principal to take Kamala home for the weekend. Ramesh postpones the wedding and brings Kamala back from school. Akshay brings Jogen to Ramesh’s house where they see Kamala and on being questioned Ramesh keeps silent. Hemnalini goes into a state of shock when she’s told about Ramesh’s wife.

Her father takes her to Kashi to recuperate. Ramesh decides to leave Calcutta and he takes Kamala with him to Ghazipur. Kamala reads the letter Ramesh has written to Hem explaining the entire situation and mentioning Kamala’s husband’s name. She finally recognizes the truth about her and Ramesh’s situation. She decides to kill herself and leaves the house. She is rescued and comes under Nalin’s mother’s care.

She realizes that Nalin is her husband but finds out that Hemnalini and he are to be betrothed. However, Nalin is not happy about the betrothal as he refuses to believe that Kamala is dead and wants to wait a while longer. Finally the truth comes out and she’s accepted by her husband and his mother while Ramesh and Hemnalini get back together.

The film had 8 songs. Today’s song is the 5th song to be posted. All other songs are also available on You Tube. Enjoy the video song.

[Author Note: My acknowledgements and thanks to Dr. JP Guha ji, the book ‘Hero-I’ by Ashok Raj, HFGK, and my own notes.]

 


Song-Gungun gungun boley bhanwra (Milan)(1946) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Anil Biswas
Dilip Kumar
Ranjana

Lyrics

gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
hamaari bagiya mein aaike ho bhanwra
gungun gungun boley
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike

madhuvan se laaye sandesha bahaar ka
madhuvan se laaye sandesha bahaar ka aa aa
taar(?) jaaye mere pyaar ka
veena baja ke
baawri bana ke
haumaari bagiya mein aaike ho bhanwra
gungun gungun bole
humaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike

Dialogues
———————————
iraada badal bhi sakta hai
lekin uske liye ek munaasib bahaana gadhna padega

bahaana

haan aakhir pitaaji ka hukm
baghair kisi vajah ke thhode hi taala jaa sakta hai
aur aap kya samajh rahin hain
ham apni marzi se jaa rahe hain

oh

lekin ye sab ek shart par

kya shart

jo gaana abhi ham sun rahe thhe wo poora ho

poora hoga

aaiye
————————
gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo jaan gaya re
jaan gaya re
wo jaan gaya re
mere man mein hai kya
jaan gaya re
kahta phire sab kaliyon se jaa
kahta phire sab kaliyon se jaa
mere man mein hai kya
jaan gaya re
jaan gaya re
dekh rahi thhi
main raah kisi ki
dekh rahi thhi
main raah kisi ki
ankhiyaan bichhaai ke
?? lagaay ke ae
ankhiyaan bichhaai ke
?? lagaay ke
hamaari bagiya mein aay ke ho bhanwra
gungun gungun boley
hamaari bagiya mein


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3479 Post No. : 13976

I congratulate all our readers on the auspicious occasion of this 69th REPUBLIC DAY of our country (26 january 2018).

Seriously, how many of us really know the definition of a Republic ? As per the Oxford Dictionary, “A Republic is a sovereign country, which is organised with a form of Government in which the power resides with elected individuals, who exercise power according to the rule of the law “. In short, it is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

After India achieved freedom in 1947, some films on Patriotic themes were made. ‘Andolan’ (1951) was one such film. Made by Harnam Motwane, under his banner Motwane Ltd, this film is labelled as a ‘historic’ film by HFGK. That may be because in this film the history of India’s independence struggle from 1885 to 1947 is shown with the documentaries and actual footage (with a basic film story, of course) from short films made by Films Division and some film companies like Krishna and Kohinoor films.

This was Kishore Kumar’s first film as a hero and his role was a serious one, that of a militant hero. Though in his later career, Kishore became famous and popular as a comedian – a reluctant one, though, he always yearned for serious roles in serious films. When he started producing his own films, he took the opportunity to make some serious films.

Today’s song is from film ‘Andolan’. It is not a film song actually, but our National Song, suitably woven into the film story. “Vande Maataram” could have been our National Anthem, but things were manoeuvred in such a way that it did not get that place of honour. Let us see a brief history of Vande Mataram through the years.

It was Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay who wrote the lyrics for the powerful “Vande Maataram”. It was Sanyasi Rebellion (1763-1800) that inspired Bankim to write the historic novel ‘Ananda Matth’. Actually, the lyrics of this song came much before the novel. He wrote the lyrics while he was riding in a train and was inspired by the scenic landscape, beautiful lakes and charm of nature in its expansive splendor. The poet in him got totally inspired and burst into penning down lyrics for this soul stirring poem. However, it took few more years for the poem to reach to the masses.

On April 14th 1906, at the Bengali Provincial Conference of Indian National Congress at Barisal, Bankim revealed this power-packed mantra to the masses. The pledge for undoing the then partition of Bengal was also taken at this conference. And “Vande Maatarm” became a weapon in the hands of patriotic revolutionaries of India which shook the foundation of British Raj. Many hard core patriots went to gallows while holding Bhagwath Geeta in one hand and the lines of “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

“Vande Maataram” even reached the shores of America in 1912 and the Gadar party was formed to fight against British Colonialism, with vows of patriotism singing the lines of this inspirational poem. Four Indian revolutionaries from Independence League in Japan were caught by British forces and were sentenced to death. All four went to gallows with “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

National Anthem of Azad Hind Fauj (Indian National Army – INA) led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, was a soul-stirring adoration of the motherland India which inspired thousands of soldiers to lay down their lives for India’s independence. Netaji writes about “Vande Mataram” in his autobiography calling it as the National Anthem of India. In his writings, he says – “Vande Maataram” literally means “I salute you, O Mother”.

“Vande Maataram” inspired twenty four soldiers of Bristish Indian Army stationed in Tamilnadu in 1940’s. And British arrested all twenty four on charges of mutiny and were sentenced to death. In Madras (now Chennai) Jail all twenty four went to gallows once again with “Vande Maataram” on their lips.

The acceptance and usage of this poem was also fraught with controversies. The Muslim League opposed the acceptance of this poem on grounds of religious sentiments, as early as 1908. Taking a rigid and parochial view, based on a certain interpretations of the fundamental tenets of Islamic traditions, they claimed that their religion disallowed them to bow their head in worship and salute to any person or symbol other than Allah, the Almighty. By this logic, they said, a salute to even as revered a symbol as the Motherland, would be hurting their religious sentiments.

In 1922, Congress leaders with Nehru as a party leader decided to maim “Vande Maataram” by allowing only first two stanzas of this poem to be sung. Muslim League still persisted in its objection, and in 1938, Jinnah placed before Nehru his demand for completely abandoning this poem.
[Ed Note: There is ample evidence to also show that such divisive manipulations was the handiwork of the British. It was the British who wanted the ‘Jana Gana Mana. . .’ poem by Rabindranath Tagore, to take precedence over all other such similar candidates. They wanted to stress their superiority and control over the leaders and people of India, simply because the creation of Rabindranath Tagore was originally written in the honor of the British king. And that both the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress were simply toeing the British line.]

Nehru further went on to say that lyrics of “Vande Maataram” were not suitable for composing it into a melody. And no orchestra will be able to play such a song. But one patriot-musician Master Krishna Rao Phulambrikar from Pune proved Nehru wrong. He composed “Vande Maataram” in a very melodious tune. However, Nehru wanted to get okay from British Band (orchestra) experts. Master Krishna Rao Phulambrikar came to Bombay (now Mumbai) and played his composition to British Band experts and they approved it after playing smoothly in their orchestra. This proved for the first time that “Vande Maataram” could be composed melodiously.
[Author’s Note : I do not understand here why Nehru wanted an okay from British Band in the first place].

In spite of all these efforts, Congress leaders did not like the idea of making this poem as the National Anthem of India. Even before the official decision was taken by Constituent Assembly on this issue, “Jana Gana Mana” was played as National Anthem in the UN General Assembly in 1947. If congress (read – Nehru) would not have hastened there was a possibility that “Vande Maataram” would have been adopted as National Anthem of India by majority votes of assembly members.

But things took place behind the scenes. The question never came to Constituent Assembly. Instead of passing a resolution for adopting National Anthem by majority votes, the first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad was asked to announce on January 24th, 1950 saying that “Jana Gana Mana” will be the National Anthem of India and “Vande Maataram” will have equal status with it.

Of course, Vande Mataram does not need any official stamp of being a National Anthem from Government of India so long as it lives in the hearts of millions and millions of Indians all across the globe. (Adapted from an article by Dr N Kamath, with thanks).

As far as the story of film ‘Andolan’ is concerned, this is what its film booklet says-

In the year 1885, Charu Dutt, a worldly-wise patriot, journeys from his little village to attend the first session of the Indian National Congress, held in Bombay. Fired with patriotic zeal, he returns to his village and speaks to his friends and relatives of the new wave that is about to spread over India. To his son he explains the cultural and political past of India, from the dawn of her history upto the turbulence of 1857. The years roll on, and we come to the partition of Bengal. There is thunder in the air, and India’s inspiring song, “Vande Maataram”, is born. The struggle gathers strength. Mahatma Gandhi appears, and freedom comes closer. 1920. . . 1921. . . Simon Commission, Bardoli, Dandi, 1930. . . 1932. . . the battle rages and the drama heightens. Then, August 1942 and Quit India, and on to the final chapter in our freedom story, which unfolds in this film as the story of a single family, representing the nation of which they are the heart-beats.

According to a Review of this film, published in those days-

The true patriot that he was, Pannalal Ghosh gave stirring compositions and flute playback for the memorable film ‘Andolan’. This film starred Shivraj, Kishore Kumar, Manju, Pushpa, Sushma, Parsuram, and Tiwari and was directed by Phani Majumdar for Motwane Ltd.

The film, made at Bombay Talkies, was produced by the distributors of the Chicago Radio PA systems. Kishore Kumar plays the role of the militant hero of this quasi-documentary. It is a stridently nationalistic story of India’s freedom struggle, presented through the expressions of a Bengali family from 1885 (when the Indian National Congress was established) to 1947. It has the actual footage of India’s freedom struggle. Speeches and talks of our national leaders, Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and many others are included in the narrative of this film.

Important events incorporated into the plot were Mahatma Gandhi’s Satyagrah (1920), the Simon Commission (1928), Sardar Vallabh bhai Patel’s Bardoli Satyagrah (1928) and the 1942 Quit India agitation. Old documentary footage purchased from Kohinoor and Krishna Films, as well as a shot of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore singing Jana Gana Mana are included. The song “Vande Maataram” rendered by Parul Ghosh, Sudha, and Manna Dey is based on Raaga Miyan Malhar. “Prabhu Charanon Main Aaya Pujari” in Raaga ‘Shree’ and “Radha Ne Kiya”, both rendered by Parul Ghosh are appreciated by music lovers. “Subah Ki Pahili Kiran Tak Zindagi Mushkil Mein Hai” rendered by Kishore Kumar, Manna Dey and others is a unique experimentation in Bhor music.

The film was directed by Phani Mujumdar (28-12-1911 to 16-5-1994), who was already a seasoned Director. He is the only Director who directed films in 9 languages (Hindi, Bangla, English, Malay, Chinese, Magadhi, Maithili, Aasamese and Punjabi). He started his career assisting PC Barua in Calcutta. Besides ‘Street Singer’ (1938) and ‘Kapaal Kundala’ (1939), he had directed a total of 29 films,which include several hit films like ‘Baadbaan’, ‘Doctor’, ‘Tamanna’, ‘Door Chalen’, ‘Faraar’, ‘Aarti’, ‘Kanyadan’, ‘Akashdeep’, ‘Oonche Log’ etc. Here is a short biosketch and an obitury on him, published in The Independent, Calcutta, on 22-6-1994, and is written by the famous film historian and author of ‘Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema’ – Ashish Rajadhyaksha.

PHANI MAJUMDAR was a pioneer of Indian cinema, working in the late 1930s with PC Barua, India’s equivalent of DW Griffith, in the famous New Theatres Studio of Calcutta. Here, between 1936 and 1939, new standards were set for Indian motion pictures in a series of reflective, lyrical films that brought cinema closer to life and literature.

Majumdar’s contribution was ‘Street Singer’ (1938), a melancholy love story, his debut and a classic of Indian cinema. Its male lead, Kundan Lal Saigal, sang his immortal song ‘Babul Mora’ here, on a charged symbolic landscape of boats adrift in the mist. The Famine of 1943 and Partition of India were events of the future yet much of the symbolism of Bengal, the redolent Tagorean motifs of life-giving rivers, the feudal elite recreating the 19th century in desolate mansions – all the stuff that Satyajit Ray later spoke of as ‘the past’ – was in place with Street Singer. It was watched, not just as a love story par excellence, but as an expression of themes of Indian identity and nationalism which would be relevant for India, and Majumdar, even beyond Independence.

Majumdar was born in Faridpur, in what is now Bangladesh, in 1911. From Calcutta he moved to Bombay in 1941, directing classic musicals which often promoted traditional ways of Indian life, with stars like Suraiya in ‘Tamanna’ (1942), Shanta Apte in ‘Mohabbat’ (1943), and the blind singer KC Dey.

Majumdar’s Andolan (1951), Indian cinema’s most elaborately constructed nationalist propaganda feature, was made to promote Nehru’s Congress Party and was the closest that India ever came, on film, to defining a popular culture of nationalism: a small family in Bengal experiences in microcosm the major political events in the country, from 1885 (when the Congress Party was established) to Independence.

Majumdar returned to India from working in Singapore in the 1960s, and proceeded to make films in Punjabi, and even in obscure languages like Magadhi (‘Bhaiya’, 1961) and Maithili (‘Kanyadaan’, 1965). His interest in themes of an intrinsically Indian nature was a driving force to the end of his career. He worked on the television phenomenon of the 1980s in India, the 78-part religious epic ‘The Ramayana’, and was working on a television series ‘Our India’ when he died. No doubt, had he lived, the ‘Our India’ series, on a state television network struggling to hold its own in competition with satellite, would have been the fitting finale to a career which started with ‘Street Singer’.

The film had a cast consisting of Kishore kumar, Shivraj, Manju, Parshuram, Tiwari, Krishnakant, Sachin Shankar, Pushpa, Gauri devi etc etc. The recording of the songs of this film were done in November 1949 to August 1950 itself. Actor Krishnakant aka K.K. who acted in this film, did the role of Rehmu (Rehman) – a 20 year old young man. By the end of the film, he becomes an 85 year old Rehmu Chacha. He has written about this film in his Gujarati autobiography, ‘Guzra hua zamana’, that he had to do the make up differently for every shot of his role – from young to old. His make up man was Dada Paranjape, who had worked in Prabhat and Rajkamal with V Shantaram. The shooting of the film was done in Bhopal and nearby areas. All the actors and crew had to stay in Military Barracks and had to report at 7 am for shootings. The season was winter and the cold of Bhopal was unbearable. Constant tea/coffee supply was arranged.

For lack of any big stars and actors, distributors were wary of taking the film. A grand premiere was arranged, attended by Dev Anand, Raj Kapoor, Meena kumari, Madhubala, Geeta Bali and others. However, the film did not do big business. Probably, the documentary type presentation was not impressive enough.

The film has 6 songs. Today’s song is the second song to be posted here. The first song was discussed few years ago. On this auspicious occasion of our Republic Day, let us listen to “Vande Maataram”, sung by Parul Ghosh, Sudha Malhotra, Manna Dey, Sailesh Kumar and Chorus.


Song- Vande Maataram (Aandolan)(1951) Singers- Parul Ghosh, Sudha Malhotra, Manna Dey, Sailesh Kumar, Lyrics-Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, MD- Pannalal Ghosh

Lyrics

vande maataram
vande maataram

vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

shubhrajyotsna pulakit yaaminim
phulla kusumita drumadal shobhinim
shubhrajyotsna pulakit yaaminim
phulla kusumita drumadal shobhinim
suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
sukhadaam varadaam maataram
maataram
suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
sukhadaam varadaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram

sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
sujalaam sufalaam
malayaj sheetalaam
shasyashyaamalaam maataram
maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram
vande maataram


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Parinde”(1945) was produced and directed by Acharya Atre for Atre Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Surendra, Vanmala, Dixit, Babu rao Pendharkar, Sitara, Sunalini Devi, Balwant Parchure, D R Gokhale, Chandabai, Lallu, Vasant sawkar, Jairam Desai etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. Two songs from this movie have been covered in the past.

Here is the third song from “Parinde”(1945) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Surendra and Parul Ghosh (credited as Shrimati Ghosh in the credits). Rammurty Chaturvedi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Pt Govindram.

The song is picturised on Suendra and Vanmala.

Video


Audio

Song-Oopar ho chaand taara neeche jahaan saara(Parinde)(1945) Singers-Surendra, Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-Rammurty Chaturvedi, MD-Pt Govindram
Both

Lyrics

oopar ho chaand taara
neeche jahaan saara
upar ho chaand taara
neeche jahaan saara
beech mein hum tum pyaar karenge
haan
beech mein hum tum pyaar karenge
pyaar karenge
hum vihaar karenge
pyaar karenge
hum vihaar karenge

hum tum mil kar pyaar karenge
haan
hum tum mil kar pyaar karenge

ek oar dolye parindon ki toli
ek oar taare khelen aankh michauli
ek oar doley parindon ki toli
ek oar taare khelen aankh michauli
kirnon ka hum tum singaar karenge
kirnon ka hum tum singaar karenge
upar ho chaand taara neeche jahaan saara
upar ho chaand taara niche jahaan sara
beech mein hum tum pyaar karenge
haan
beech mein hum tum pyaar karenge

udte udte unche unche jaayenge hum dono
udte udte, unche unche jaayenge hum dono
sota hua suraj jagaayenge hum dono
sota hua suraj jagaayenge hum dono

jag mein savera bataayenge
gaayenge
jag me savera jagaayenge
gayenge
meethe suron se hum gulzaar karenge
haan
meethe suron se hum gulzaar karenge
gulzaar karenge
ham vihaar karenge
gulzaar karenge
ham vihaar karenge
jag mein ham tum pyaar karengen
haan
jag mein ham tum pyaar karenge

udte udte sajan kahin baadal jo chhaayen
udte udte sajan kahin baadal jo chhaayen

manzil humaari hamen nazar na aaye
manzil humaari hamen nazar na aaye
phir
phir
haathon mein haath liye himmat ka saath liye
haatho me hath liye himmat ka sath liye
manzil ko apni hum paar karenge
haan manzil ko apni hum paar karenge
paar karenge hum vihaar karenge
paar karenge hum vihaar karenge
jag mein hum tum pyaar karenge
haan jag mein hum tum pyaar karenge


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Sawaal”(1943) was directed by Niranjan for Geetanjali Movietone, Bombay. This “social” movie had Mumtaz Shanti, Ulhas, Radharani, Rajrani, Sadiq, Agha, Niranjan, V Sherali, Habeeb, Babu Bhai etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Pratima”(1945) was directed by P Jairaj for Bombay Talkies, Bombay. The movie had Swarnlata, Dilip Kumar, Jyoti, Mumtaz Ali, Pithawala, Mukri, Zebunnissa, Shahnawaz etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Parinde”(1945) was produced and directed by Acharya Atre for Atre Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Surendra, Vanmala, Dixit, Babu rao Pendharkar, Sitara, Sunalini Devi, Balwant Parchure, D R Gokhale, Chandabai, Lallu, Vasant Sawkar, Jairam Desai etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Beeswin Sadi”(1945) is an obscure movie which was produced and directed by M Bhawnani for Bhawnani Productions, Bombay. This movie had Motilal, Mazhar Khan, Nargis, Ashalata, Gope, Majumdar, Navin etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Najma”(1943) was produced and directed by Mehboob Khan for Mehboob Productions,Bombay. The movie had Ashok Kumar and Veena in lead roles supported by Sitara, Kumar, Yaakoob, Majid, Rajkumari Shukla, Murad, Laddan etc.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14741

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Movies with all their songs covered =1150
Total Number of movies covered =4028

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