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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Khemchand Prakash


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3675 Post No. : 14562

Khaamosh hai zamaana chup chaap hain sitaare

The first line of the song, aayega aane waala aayega from ‘Mahal’ (1949) must have vibrated in the cinema halls many times when the film was released on October 13, 1950 (on Ashok Kumar’s birth day). How true it was! Just two months before the release of the film, the creator of the immortal melodies in the iconic film ‘Mahal’ (1949) breathed his last on August 10, 1950 in Harkishandas Hospital in Bombay (Mumbai) at the young age of 42 years.

Today, August 10th 2018 is the 68th Remembrance Day of Khemchand Prakash (12/12/1907 – 10/08/1950). In 1939, he was like a newly capped cricketer who attained the form in his very first assignment and remained in form most of the time. In a short span of 11 years in the Hindi film industry, he composed a little over 430 songs in around 45 films. His career graph was like ‘I came, I saw, I conquered’ the Hindi film music.

Khemchand Prakash was born in Sujangarh (presently in Churu district of Shekhavati region of Rajasthan) in the family of Dhrupad singers and kathak dancers belonging to Jaipur Gharana. The family had a long lineage of kathak dancers and dhrupad singers. It is said that some of them received the patronage of Mughal kings from the time of Akbar and continued the royal patronage until the death of Mohammed Shah ‘Rangeela’. Thereafter they had to seek royal patronage from other princely states like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Rampur, Lucknow, Gwalior etc. [Reference: Sunil Kothari’s book ‘Kathak – Indian Classical Dance Art’ (1989)].

Pandit Govardhan Prasad, the father of Khemchand Prakash was also dhrupad singer and kathak dancer who was in the royal court of Jaipur. Khemchand Prakash received training in dhrupad singing and kathak dance from his father in Jaipur. When he was still in his teen, he became the court singer and dancer in the royal court of Bikaner. Soon he got an opportunity to join the royal court in Nepal as a singer and dancer where he remained for the next 7-8 years.

Khemchand Prakash got an opportunity to work in New Theatres (NT) as a music assistant to Timir Baran who was the music director for ‘Devdas’ (1935). There has been some speculation for a long time that Khemchand Prakash composed tunes for two songs of ‘Devdas’ (1935). About 3 years back, Pavan Jha, in his Article reaffirmed:

Music director Daan Singh [(‘My Love’ (1970), ‘Bhool Na Jaana’ (1960s, UR)], who was a formal protégé of Khemchand Prakash for a year and half, had told me that two of the classic compositions from Devdas, ‘Dukh ke din ab…’ and ‘Baalam aan baso…’, were composed by Guruji (Khemchand) and yet his contributions as composer went unaccredited.

Another important event in the life of Khemchand Prakash during his New Theatres day was his comic role as an actor-singer in ‘Street Singer’ (1938) in which he performed and sang lo khaa lo madam khaana. It seems, he also had a small role in ‘Kapal Kundla’ (1939).

Sometime in 1939, Khemchand Prakash joined Prithviraj Kapoor, K N Singh and others in quiting NT and came to Bombay (Mumbai). Probably, he must have thought that with stalwarts like R C Boral and Pankaj Mullick, he had no scope for becoming a music director in NT. With Prithviraj’s connections, Khemchand Prakash got his first assignment as an independent music director for Supreme Pictures’ ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939) and ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939).

For ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939), Naushad assisted Khemchand Prakash as the story of the film had a historical Muslim background. Two songs sung by Kalyanibai became popular from this film. With ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939) which was released first, Khemchand Prakash’s association with Khursheed Bano – Ranjit Movietone’s actor-singer- began which churned out many popular songs.

Although these two films did not have a good run at the box office, the songs of the films were appreciated. Khemchand Prakash joined Ranjit Movietone as music director with ‘Paagal’ (1940), ‘Holi’ (1940) and ‘Diwaali’ (1940) in his bag. In all, he composed music for 26 films during his 5 years of association with Ranjit Moveitone.

Some of the films made under the banner of Ranjit Movietone in which songs composed by Khemchand Prakash became popular were ‘Holi’ (1940), ‘Pardesi’ (1941), ‘Chaandni’ (1942), ‘Tansen’ (1943), ‘Bharthari’ (1944), ‘Bhanwra’ (1944), ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944) etc.

A special mention needs to be made about the song compositions of ‘Tansen’ (1943). In this film, two top actor-singers – K L Saigal and Khursheed Bano were teamed together for the first time. It was the first occasion for Khemchand Prakash as a music director to record the song rendered by K L Saigal. It was the first occasion to compose a song in dhrupad for K L Saigal. While the songs of Khursheed Bano were a blend of folk and raag based, that of K L Saigal were based mainly on classical raags.

After ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945), Khemchand Prakash left Ranjit Movietone ostensibly for the differences with Sardar Chandulal Shah on engaging a new playback singer. After remaining inactive for about a year, he became a free-lancer during which he scored music for successful films like ‘Sindoor’ (1947), ‘Ziddi’ (1948), ‘Saawan Aaya Re’ (1949), ‘Rimjhim’ (1949), ‘Mahal’ (1949) etc.

Some of the lesser known songs composed by Khemchand Prakash which I like are as under:

Songs Singer(s) Movie
Main albeli titli Sitaara Devi Meri Aankhen (1939)
Mori atariya hai sooni mohan nahi aaye Khursheed Bano Pardesi (1941)
Meri atariya pe aa jaa Sitara Devi/Mukesh Dukh Sukh (1942)
wo chaand ban muskuraa rahe hain Ameerbai Karnataki Vishkanya (1943)
Mere dheere se ghoonghat hataaye piya Ameerbai Karnataki Bharthari (1944)
teri pi pi ke pukaaron ne dil loot liya Ameerbai Karnataki Bhanwra (1944)
Mohabbat mein saara jahaan jal raha hai Khursheed Bano Shahanshah Babar (1944)
ye dil na mujhe yaad dila baaten puraani Rafi/Shamshad Saawan Aaya Re (1949)
Jagmag jagmag karta nikla chaand poonam ka pyaara Kishore Kumar Rimjhim (1949)
dekh gagan mein kaali ghata kya kehti hai Nalini Jaywant Muqaddar (1950)

No discussion on Khemchand Prakash would be complete without the mention of his melodious song compositions for “Mahal’ (1949) in general and aayega aane waala aayega in particular. Probably, this was the first song in the genre of ‘haunting song’. The top popularity this song achieved after the release of the film relegated into background the other melodious songs of this film such as mushqil hai bahut mushqil and ghabra ke jo ham sar ko .

I had heard this song on the radio quite often during my childhood and teenage years. It was one of my favourite songs. During my gramophone record collection days in early 1970s, the 78 RPM gramophone record of this song (in two parts) was one of my early collections. It was then I came to know that the song was composed by Khemchand Prakash, a name unknown to me at that time. Due to the slow tempo in Part-1 of the song, I would play only Part-2 of the song on my record player on most of the time. After watching the song picturisation, now I am in a better position to appreciate Part-1 of the song as well.

It is said that after the marathon rehearsal of the song of about 6 minutes of duration, Ashok Kumar, Savak Vacha and lyricist Nakshab Jarchvi felt that the slow tempo in the song would not appeal to the audience. But Khemchand Prakash was very confident about the song becoming popular. He was supported by the director, Kamal Amrohi.

Khemchand Prakash’s prophecy came true. The song became a rage all over India. Radio listeners were asking as to who was the real singer since the name of ‘Kamini’ – the character Madhubala played in the film – was printed on the label of the 78 RPM gramophone record. Thereafter the radio anouncers started announcing the name of Lata Mangeshkar whenever the song was being played on the radio.

The musical hit of ‘Mahal’ (1949) made Madhubala a star to reckon with. Lata Mangeshkar’s playback singing career graph gained a quantum jump which helped her to become numero uno among the female playback singers and retain that status for about the next 5 decades. After being in the film industry for over a decade as a story/screen-play/dialogue writer and lyricist, Kamal Amrohi’s success in his first directorial assignment got him the recognition as a director. The debt-ridden Bombay Talkies under whose banner the film was produced, got a breather.

But Khemchand Prakash, the creator of the immortal melodies in the film was not there to witness the tremendous success of his songs. Just 2 months before the release of the film, he breathed his last on August 10, 1950. Although Khemchand Prakash had earlier composed many hit songs especially with Khursheed Bano and Ameerbai Karnataki, this one song , aayega aane waala’ has immortalised him forever in the history of Hindi film music.

As a tribute to Khemchand Prakash on his 68th Remembrance Day, I am presenting one of the rare songs from an obscure film ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) in which Khemchand Prakash composed 11 songs (including one multiple version song). All the songs were written by Lalchand Bismil Peshawari. The song is ‘aate hain wo aahista aahista haule haule’ sung by Patanjal and Meena Kapoor. The film was produced and directed by S K Malik under the banner of Malik Productions. The main cast included Patanjal, Latika, Sudha, Kanta Kumari, Anwari, Gope, K N Singh, Shekhar, Anjlina etc.

‘Chalte Chalte’(1947) was one of the films he was associated with after leaving Ranjit Movietone in 1946. After struggling for a year or so, I guess, he may have done some retrospection and decided to adapt to the changing scenarios in Hindi film music. Probably, this song may be the first song in which Khemchand Prakash was influenced by western music. Meena Kapoor’s singing of multiples ‘aa aa aa…’ before the start of new antaras add a feeling of joie de vivre. The symphony style orchestration mainly of violins at the beginning as well as in the interludes seems to be the contribution of Antony Gonsalves, the Goan musician, who had worked with Khemchand Prakash, Anil Biswas and Naushad when he joined them in the second half of the 1940s.

This is one of those humming melodies created by Khemchand Prakash which remained unknown to many admirers of vintage Hindi film songs.

With this rare song, ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Aate hain wo aate hain wo (Chalte Chalte)(1947) Singers-Patanjal, Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Lal Chand Bismil Peshawri, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa
aa aa aaa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aaaa

aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa aa aa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aa aaa

gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
aahista aahista
haule haule

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule

raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
aahista aahista
haule haule

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This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3599 Post No. : 14362

“Fariyaad” (1942) was produced by Ranjit Movietone and directed by Jayant Desai. The movie had Ishwarlal, Shamim, Mubarak etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past, one each in 2012 and 2013 respectively.

Here is the third song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Ishwarlal and Shamim. Only the audio of this song is available, but it is clear that the song was picturised on themselves in the movie.

Lyrics are written by D N Madhok and music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Kaho jee jee na lage bin tere (Fariyaad)(1942) Singers-Ishwar Lal, Shamim, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae
kaho ji
aaja saajan mere
aaja saajan mere
kaho ji
aaja saajan mere
aaja saajan mere
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye

kaho jee
raam kasam tum mere
raam kasam tum mere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere

jee na lage jab mohe bula lo
jee na lage jab mohe bula lo
mohe bula lo
mohe bula lo
paas bula lo
jee ko lagaalo
pass bithha lo
jee ko lagaalo
bolo tumhaari tumhaari ??
dil mein sau sau ghere ??
bolo tumhaari tumhaari ??
dil mein sau sau ghere ??
jee na lage bin tere
kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae ae
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae ae
kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere

kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Ummeed” (1941) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Ishwarlal, Prabha, Noor Jahan Sr., Dixit, Neela, Ibrahim, Brijmala, Bhagwandas, Kasam, Kesri, Charubala, Dharpure, Bheem, Inayat etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Ummeed” (1941) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Kanti Lal. D N Madhok is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Jeewan ka balidaan kar de (Ummeed)(1941) Singer-Kanti Lal, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

jeewan ka balidaan
kar de ae
jeewan ka balidaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan

tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaaye toofaan
mit jaaye toofaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Jaan Pehchaan”(1950) was directed by Fali Mistry for United Technician, Bombay. The movie had Nargis, raj Kapoor, Jeewan, Shyama, Dulari, Amar, Mukri, Amir Bano, Sankatha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Jaan Pehchaan”(1950) was directed by Fali Mistry for United Technician, Bombay. The movie had Nargis, Raj Kapoor, Jeewan, Shyama, Dulari, Amar, Mukri, Amir Bano, Sankatha etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Shahanshah Babar”(1944) was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. This historical movie had Khursheed Bano, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Lala Yakoob, Majid, Anwari, Hasan Sheikh, Laddan, Sulochana Chatterji, Nagendra, Agha Jani etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Saga Of Sleepless Nights – 3
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

neend kabhi rehti thi aankhon mein
ab rehte hain saanwariya

Aah, so now we know, the sleep can no longer come to the eyes, for the eyes are already occupied with the images of the beloved. You cannot accommodate two swords in a single scabbard. Or for that matter, two lions in the same cave. So it has to be that sleep will have to wait outside, while the joys of visions of the beloved crowd all the room inside the eyes.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Bijli”(1950) was directed by Sushil Sahu for Hindustan Chitra, Bombay. This “social” movie had Rehana, Ramesh Gupta, Sitara, Vilas Mohbe, Paro, Badri Prasd, Sushir Sahu, Amirbai Karnataki, Satya Narayan, Narbada Shankar, C L Shah, Kanta, Kazmi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Samaaj Ko Badal Daalo”(1947) was directed by Vijay Bhatt for Prakash Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Arun Ahuja, Mridula,Yakub,Umakant, Leela Pawar, Bikram Kapoor etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Bijli”(1950) was directed by Sushil Sahu for Hindustan Chitra, Bombay. This “social” movie had Rehana, Ramesh Gupta, Sitara, Vilas Mohbe, Paro, Badri Prasd, Sushir Sahu, Amirbai Karnataki, Satya Narayan, Narbada Shankar, C L Shah, Kanta, Kazmi etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14500 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3600 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Movies with all their songs covered =1143
Total Number of movies covered =3980

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