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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Khemchand Prakash


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3919 Post No. : 14982

 

Today’s song is from film ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944).

Hindi film makers seem to have an attraction for Mughal Empire. Films were made on life events of right from Babar to Bahadurshah Zafar- the first to the last Mughal kings. I do not know what the film makers found so magnetic in their lives. Not only Mughal kings, but also the Mongol king Changez khan, Nadir Shah and generals like Behram Khan also became the subject matters of films. May be the producers found lot of scope to show big palaces, big armies, wars, dances and songs, beautiful women etc. in such films which attracted the audience.

More than any other Mughal king, it is Babar, who has been in public discussion in India , since about 20-30 years, for well known reasons for which we are not concerned here. Babar was born as Zaheeruddin Mohammed, on 14-2-1483 in Fergana valley in what is known today as Uzbekistan. He was a direct descendant of Taimurlane. At the age of 12 years he ascended his father’s thrown and faced rebellion. Next few years were spent on fighting to save his kingdom. Having lost, and won and again lost the valley of Fergana and Samarkand three times, Babar decided to go to India.

He marched with his army towards India, which was ruled by Ibrahim Khan Lodhi that time. Babar’s army was tired and tried rebellion till they reached India. In the battle of Panipat, he defeated Lodhi and became the Emperor of India. Later he fought with several Rajput kings and won also. Babar married several times and had several children too. His 3 sons were main and Humayun was his dearest son. Babar established the Mughal Empire in 1526 at Delhi. It was Humayun, who succeeded Babar when he died on 26-12-1530.

‘Shahenshah Babar’ is a depiction of his life from childhood to death, but most part of the film is about the love affair and sickness of Humayun. After his death Babar was first buried in Agra, but later his remains were buried again in Kabul. Babar is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan and Kergystan. In India Babar is not known for such good things.

This film was made by Ranjit Movietone, calling it a historical film. It was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi (20-4-1908 to 4-8-1990). He directed 5 films, namely, ‘Swaminath’ (1942), ‘Jawaani’ (1942), ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944), ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945) and ‘Nishaana’ (1950). He wrote lyrics in films like ‘Watan’ (1938), ‘Hum Tum Aur Woh’ (1938), ‘Bahen’ (1941), ‘Roti’ (1942) and ‘Jawaani’ (1942). Later he became famous as a screenplay and dialogue writer. Some of his famous films are ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Shaheed’ (1948), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Mother India’ (1957), ‘Yahudi’ (1958). ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961), ‘Leader’ (1964), ‘Palki’ (1967) etc.

The music director was Khemchand Prakash and lyricists were Pt. Indra, Munshi Aziz and Munshi Shums. Out of the 9 songs, today’s song is 5th song to be discussed here. The cast of the film was Khurshid, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Yakub, Majid, Anwari, Agha and others.

Religious, mythological or historical stories have some characters who are with extra ordinary strength or even Rakshasas. Such characters maintained the equilibrium of entertainment in those films and made them more interesting with their actions. In the Hindi film industry, some actors fitted this requirement. Some of them were BM Vyas, Ramayan Tiwari, Sheikh Mukhtar, Dara Singh, Dev kumar etc. Sheikh Mukhtar fitted into these roles perfectly, for example as ‘Nadir Shah’ in film ‘Nadir Shah’ (1968), as Changez Khan in film ‘Changez Khan’ (1957), or as Sher Afghan in film ‘Noor Jehan’ (1967). In social films, roles of police officers and in action/stunt films as dacoit, drunkard, gambler etc. In some of the films directors used to make him do unimaginable and unbelievable acts like in film ‘Roti’ (1942), he brings down an aircraft with his spear throw ! As a police officer, he would hold 5-6 criminals by their scruff in his extra large hands or run barefoot after a speeding jeep and stop it !

His real name was Mukhtar Ahmed Siddiqi. He was from old Delhi. His father was a senior police officer. He was Bollywood`s first ‘hunk’ – one who would have put today`s WWF hulks to shame. Exceptionally tall and frighteningly hefty, he was endowed with an immense physique. His face was a roadmap of crisscrossing muscles. A sharp jaw line added to the dimensions of his rock-hard face. Hardly `star` material compared to the Hrithiks and Salmans of today. Yet, this rugged man was once a hero.

Those were the days when a limp-wristed hero, who could not even unlock the mysteries of the lush curls of his beloved, was universally adored in cinema halls. In such times, Sheikh Mukhtar adorned the garb of a hero. This feat was achieved by movie monarch Mehboob Khan. In ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (aka ‘The Only Way’), a film directed by Mehboob Sb for Sagar Movietone way back in 1939, Sheikh Mukhtar was one of the three heroes. The other two were Arun Ahuja (matinee idol Govinda`s father) and a certain Harish (who later directed films such as ‘Burma Road’, he was Tara Harish). Though billed as male lead, Sheikh Mukhtar never fitted into the `romantic` mold. And why should he? He portrayed an uncouth lover, almost a pre-Neanderthal man, in Mehboob Khan`s ‘Roti’ with sensuous Sitara Devi as his beloved. In that film, Sheikh would bring down an aircraft with the mere strike of his spear. When thirsty, he would empty an entire bucket down his throat in one go. Soppy dialogues oozing with maudlin emotions such as love and romance, did not come forth from the super-hunk.

In Wadia`s ‘Krishnabhakt Bodana’ (1944), Sheikh Mukhtar was the Lord`s devotee. In ‘Bahen’ (1941), he portrayed the role of Nalini Jaywant’s brother. His imposing personality fitted well into period films which dabbled in history. He played the role of Shahenshah Babar; went on to become Chengez Khan and then donned the mantle of Sher Afghan in ‘Noor Jehan’, a film which he produced. He was often teamed with Begum Para, the bewitching beauty of that era. The pair hit it off exceedingly well on the screen. For countless cinema aficionados, the Sheikh Mukhtar-Begum Para pair was a classic case of the beauty and the beast. With pint-sized Mukri, Sheikh Mukhtar had a successful celluloid partnership. Sheikh Mukhtar produced a string of Hindi films, such as ‘Dada’, ‘Dara’, ‘Ustad Pedro’, ‘Toote Taare’, ‘Mr. Lambu’, ‘Annadaata’, ‘Mangu’ (with another beauty, Nigar Sultan), ‘Do Ustaad’, and ‘Noor Jehan’, among others.

He wove into his films a variety of songs, from “Bahaaron Ke Dole Mein Aayi Hai Jawaani”, a romantic number from ‘Annadaata’, to naughty ditties, such as “Dil Ka Ye Injan Seetiyaan Maare” from ‘Ustaad Pedro’, and “Namaste, Doctor Baaro, Hum Ko Bhi Ek Injection Maaro”. Sheikh Mukhtar`s pair of shoes, of twelve number size, (in ‘Do Ustaad’), summed up his big time existence. His role in this film was widely appreciated. Sheikh Mukhtar showcased his acting talents in the concluding scene of ‘Do Ustaad’ when he holds his long-lost brother and son to his bosom.

Sheikh Mukhtar invested all his hard-earned money on ‘Noor Jehan’, his dream project. However, the period film bombed miserably at the box office. And with the film collapsed this mighty man. Debts began to pile up. Income Tax arrears kept multiplying in geometrical progression. Unable to resolve this crisis, Sheikh Mukhtar, who was adored in Bollywood for his integrity and for his firmness to keep vices of every variety at bay, fled to Pakistan with the alacrity of a small-time house burglar. He took with him the prints of his films. But, sadly, the Pakistan film industry offered him no succor. He kept running from pillar to post, visiting government offices with a plea that he be allowed to release his films.

He was not at all welcomed by Pak film industry. As it is Indian films were already banned there. When all efforts failed, he met General Zia ul Haq. He was a great fan of Sohrab Modi. When he learnt that Sohrab Modi was acting in this film, he allowed the film’s release. However, the Pak film industry went to Supreme court against this order. The case dragged on and finally on 11th may 1980 he won the case. While hee was returning to Lahore with his son Sheikh Moinuddin, Mukhtar got a severe heart attack in the flight. He was immediately taken home and doctor was called. Strangely no doctor came to help him. Finally by the time he was taken to hospital, he died on the way.

‘Noor Jehan’, which was released in Pakistan after Sheikh Mukhtar died, on 23rd may 1980, kept the box office registers ringing with cash. In his 40 years’ career he acted in 70 films and under the banner of his own Omar Khayyam Films, he produced 8 films. (Some information from articles by Shirish Kanekar and Jawed Hamid is used here with thanks).

Singer actress Khurshid played the heroine Hameeda’s role and sang good songs too. Here is an edited interview of Khursheed, taken in 1992,by Pakistani journalist, Navid Rasheed (Thanks to Cineplot)..

Khursheed Bano was born as Irshad Begum in Lahore, on 14th April 1914. As a child she resided in the Bhatti Gate area next to Allama Iqbal’s house. The two families were pretty close. Khursheed was a child then. There was no ambition of joining the showbiz bandwagon then and it was by chance that led her to this arena.

Khursheed was very still young when she became an actress in the early 30’s. The era of the silent movies had already ended with the release of ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 and the Indian film industry was going through a revolution. What set her apart from other heroines were her attractive face and certain flamboyance owing to which she made her presence felt. And then she was very good actress who could be melodramatic and happy-go-lucky with equal ease.

Each star then was required to playback for themselves and Khursheed was lucky to have a good voice. Hence started the brilliant era of some timeless classical and exemplary numbers like “Panchhi Baawraa Chaand Se Preet Lagaaye”.

The graceful and decent actress was luckier to secure some of the best films including ‘Sitaara’, ‘Shaadi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Bhagat Surdas’, ‘Dekha Jayega’, ‘Shehanshah Babar’ and ‘Tansen’. ‘Pardesi’ had a very famous soundtrack comprising of memorable numbers by the late actress. In ‘Tansen’ she played the protagonist Tani with Kundan Lal Saigal as Tansen. Together they made indelible performances and the role took her to great heights. She even transcended Saigal with her strong performances and pretty looks and her fans started calling her Tani after that. Her leading men in those days apart from Saigal were Motilal, Ishwar Lal, Nazeer and Sadiq Ali. She made a successful pair with Motilal the most. Her female contemporaries included actresses of caliber like Kanan Bala, Devika Rani, Leela Chitnis, Suraiya, Swaranlata and Noor Jehan. The last three were her juniors.

Khursheed said that there was no such thing as rivalry in those days and actresses worked in close coordination. Abusing, backbiting or gossiping was not amongst their traits. Even the male stars with whom she worked treated her with great respect and there were no scandals.

Though she was an accomplished singer, acting remained her forte and first love. “Singing was a requirement to be a heroine in those days”, she said, “and even heroines with not too good voices were forced to sing if they were to act. But the composers were so good that they managed to get the best out of them then. Each song was recorded after several rehearsals. But I was an actress first and singing was just to complement that.”

Khursheed was not too happy with the way films shaped up in the years to come. So much so that she never wanted to see films anymore. In the interview she expressed her displeasure, “In spite of the resources and much higher budget, there is not a single film maker in the entire sub continent who could make a film even half as good as the films made in my era. Ours were simple films but treated well and had strong content. Plus the hard work and honesty of each unit member reflected in the entire film. This thing is missing now. A film is not only about technique, rather the issue, sensitivity and sincere dedication too.

Following partition in 1947, Khursheed opted to move to Pakistan. She worked in two Pakistani films too – ‘Mandi’ and ‘Fankaar’. But then she decided to quit and tied the knot with a Karachi – based businessman Yousaf Bhai Mian. They had one daughter who lived in the US when the interview was conducted. She then concentrated on her marriage alone and emerged equally successful on the home front as much as she was in films. She was happy that she quit films before their standards declined .

Khursheed died on 18-4-2001 at Lahore.

Khursheed Bano sang about 170 songs in about 40 films in India. Her life and career would have been like any other actor/singer, but for the controversy of her initiation into films as ‘SHEHLA’ ( HFGK writes this name as SHAILA ) at Calcutta between 1931 and 1935. It was finally and conclusively proved by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, that Khurshid and Shehla were different and two separate individuals.

The story of film Shahenshah Babar,

The film starts with the march of Babar’s army to India in 1526, with flashbacks of his childhood and activities as an young man. Defeating Ibrahim Khan Lodhi in the battle of Panipat, Babar becomes Emperor of India.

One of his knights Sardar Sheikh has a daughter Hameeda. She and Babar’s son Humayun fall in love and meet often. When Babar comes to know this, he takes a promise from Humayun that he will forget Hameeda. Humayun promises and leaves Hameeda. Heart broken Hameeda is taken by her father to their native place .

Humayun falls ill and is on death bed. To save his life Babar prays to God that he saves Humayun and instead give death to Babar. In addition, he himself goes and brings back Hameeda to Humayun. In few months Humayun gets well, but Babar dies.

I distinctly remember, when I was studying in 5th or 6th standard, we had a lesson “The Power of Prayer” and in this lesson Babar and Humayun’s story was told, how Babar sacrifices his life for son’s life by praying to God. The film too has the same theme. It seems this story is there in ‘Humayun-Nama’ written by Gulbadan Begum, half sister of Humayun. I have not seen this film.

Today’s song is a duet of Zohrabai and Munshi Aziz. The song is written by Pt. Indra.

(Some information has been used, with thanks, from book ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947’, by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji.)

Song – Hamen Bhool Mat Jaiyo Raja Ji  (Shahenshah Babar) (1944) Singer – Zohrabai, Munshi Aziz, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

ho raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
o raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
ulajh mat jaee
ulajh mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
ho raja ji
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
paagal na ban jaiyo
ho paagal na ban jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dil to rahega paas tumhaare
dil to rahega paas tumhaare
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
o rani ji
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
ho raja ji
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
machal mat jaiyo
haaye machal mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo o rani ji
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

हो राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस

राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस
उलझ मत जइ
उलझ मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
हो राजा जी
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
पागल ना बन जइयो
हो पागल ना बन जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
ओ रानी जी
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
हो राजा जी
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
मचल मत जइयो
हाए मचल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो ओ रानी जी
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

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This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3887 Post No. : 14917

Today’s song is from film Gauri-1943. It was a film made by Ranjit Movietone. The Lyrics, Story and Screenplay as well as the Direction was by Kidar Sharma. The cast of the film was Prithviraj Kapoor, Shamim, Monica Desai, Rajkumari Shukla, Brijmala, Amarnath etc etc.

The making of film Gauri-1943 had a big story behind it. This is described in great details by Kidar Sharma himself, in his autobiography ” The one and Lonely Kidar Sharma”. We will,however, discuss this in an abridged version here.

Kidar Sharma left New Theatres, Calcutta and shifted to Bombay, for a new chapter in his life and career. His close friend from Calcutta, Prithviraj Kapoor, who was in Bombay earlier, had arranged for his meeting with Ranjit’s chief Chandulal Shah. Even before Sharma reached Bombay, Shah had known about him and had become his fan.He saw film ” Chitralekha “-41, made and directed by Kidar Sharma, several times,in his own Theatre-Opera House in Bombay, mostly with his consort Goharbai Mamajiwala. He was very much impressed with Sharma ji’s work. Shah and Goharbai both, were actually eager to employ Kidar Sharma. Therefore, without any hitch, he was hired at a very lucrative salary of Rs. 3000/- pm and an advance of Rs. 5000/- to bring his family from Calcutta.

Kidar joined Ranjit on 3rd October 1941. His first film here was ‘ Armaan’-42. During this film, he became very friendly with actor Motilal, whom Sharma regarded as a very good artiste. During his next film, ‘Vish kanya’, Kidar took Raj Kapoor as his third assistant. His close friend Prithviraj was worried about the future of Raj, hence Sharma took him under his wings so that he will learn the making of films in all aspects. In effect Raj was only a Clapper Boy here, but he was a keen observer of everything. He was a little childish still. In one of the outdoor shootings of the film, Kidar Sharma got so much irritated with Raj Kapoor’s irresponsible behaviour that in anger, he slapped Raj kapoor on the sets, in front of all the staff. Later Sharma felt bad about the incident and decided that one day, when he would become a Producer, he would make Raj Kapoor his Hero in that film (Neelkamal-47…earlier started as ‘ Bechara Bhagwan ‘ as its Title). More about this film some other time.

In 1943, Sharma wrote a story “Gauri”- set in Calcutta and woven around the Durga Pooja in Bengal. It was a very touching human story and very emotional too. During the story session, both Chandulal Shah and Goharbai could not control their emotions and wept openly. Shah liked the story so much that he volunteered to sent a team to Calcutta for shooting during the Pooja Festival days.

Sharma insisted that the Hero’s role of Khumar- the Idol Maker be done only by his friend Prithviraj kapoor. His name was of course agreed upon. However, Goharbai queried as to who Sharma had in his mind to do the sensitive Heroine’s role. Sharma ji replied that he needed someone who looked fresh and innocent. He asked for some time. Actually he had thought of Monica Desai- the younger sister of famous actress Leela Desai. Monica worked as a school teacher in Calcutta. She had done a small role in his film ‘ Chitralekha’-41. In those days Sharma was impressed with her and had assured her that when he gets stabilised as a Director and has a suitable script, he will give Heroine’s role to Monica.

Next day, Sharma ji told Chandulal Shah about her selection. Chandulal had confidence in his judgement. The big hearted Shah gave Rs. 5000/- to Sharma to send to Monica for coming to Bombay comfortably in First Class. Kidar Sharma sent the money to her and asked her to travel only by First class to Bombay, to get down at Dadar, keep the luggage in Cloak room and freshen up in the waiting room. She was asked to wear a silk saree also. Sharma asked her if she understood all instructions and she confirmed. She was to visit Ranjit Studios at 2.30pm, when Sharma would introduce her to Sethji.

On the afternoon of her arrival day, the Shah couple and others waited anxiously for Monica’s arrival. In the afternoon, Monica arrived at the gates of the studio looking tired and untidy, along with all her luggage. Seeing her Chandulal became nervous, but asked Sharma ji to arrange for her stay and food etc. Chandulal Shah was not only upset with Monica’s looks but also annoyed. Still without commenting, he left the studio immediately with Goharbai. Sharma as well as Prithviraj felt humiliated with the foolish Monica who came to the studio, not following Sharma’s instructions. This she did to save some money, but put everyone in an awkward situation. Anyway, Sharma made her staying etc arrangements.

Next day, Chandulal called him to his office and said that he will continue making film Gauri, as promised, but he will not participate in any shootings, recordings or other matters till the film is completed. He will however, see the finished movie before it goes to Censors. It was too obvious that both the Shahs were upset about the ordinary looking and childish, immature Monica as Heroine.

Kidar Sharma gulped all this quietly and started work on the film quickly. The team went to Calcutta also and came back. When the film was completed, Sharma invited Chandulal and Goharbai to see it. Actually whenever such a preview was done all other Directors of Ranjit also attended it, but this time there were only the two of them-Chandulal and Goharbai. The entire team of the film was also present. Sharma had known that when Chandulal did not like the film, he usually abused loudly and sometimes even threw his chappals at the screen. With bated breath, Sharma showed him the film Gauri and waited for his reactions, expecting fireworks. Instead, Chandulal and Goharbai left the room and went to their office. Everyone,including Sharma was sure that Sharma has to leave the company now.

With great courage, Sharma went to their office to know their opinions. To his great surprise, Chandulal dug into his pocket and removed whatever money was there and gifted it to Sharma. He said,” this is my gift to you for making a sublime movie.” Gohar too appreciated heartily. Both of them were spellbound with Monica’s performance. Shah offered Monica a 3 year contract, furnished house and a new car with a driver etc. Shah also increased Sharma’s salary to Rs.5500/pm.
Thus Monica Desai’s first film was a great success. ” Durga” was a winner. Kidar Sharma was a winner.

One of the cast in the film was Rajkumari Shukla. At that period of time, there were 3 Rajkumaris working in Hindi films. One and the most famous was Rajkumari Dubey-Banareswali. The second was Rajkumari-Calcuttewali. Her real name was Pullobai. And the third was this Rajkumari Shukla. She was known as the ‘ mother of the Indian screen’.

Rajkumari Shukla was born in Benares in 1903. She joined films to earn her livelihood. She was married but got bad treatment from her in laws. After the death of her husband, her torture incresed. One Nana Baba, her neighbour was kind enough to help her and get her a job in Madon Theatres, where he was working. Rajkumari had no issues or parents. She treated Nana Baba as her father. She entered films with Uljhan-42. She started getting mother roles and she excelled in that. She worked only upto Nai Maa-46. But she acted in Bangla and Gujarati films too.

In all she did more than 60 films. Hindi films were 31 only. Some of the more known films that she did were Ek raat-42, Vakil sahib-43, School master-43, Sanjog-43, Paraya Dhan-43, Panghat-43, Namaste-43, Najma-43, Gauri-43, Aage kadam-43, Rattan-44, Mann ki jeet-44, Dr,Kumar-44, Sharbati aankhen-54, Hamara sansar-45, Gaon ki gori-45 and nai maa-46. She sang only 1 song in film Panghat-43.

Today’s song is sung by singer actress Shamim. She was variously credited as Shamim, Shameem, Miss Shamim, Shamim Akhtar. She was born in Lahore and died in Lahore, where she migrated after Partition. Her biodata was given on 17-1-2019 in a post on film ‘Return of Toofan Mail’-42.


Song-Majboor hai is dil se (Gauri)(1943) Singer- Shamim (Akhtar), Lyrics- Kidar Sharma, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Majboor hain is dil se ae
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
Majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaayi hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai
jaaye hai jidhar dilbar
haay dilbar
uss simt ye jaaye hai

duniya se niraala hai
jaanaan tera deewaana
jaanaan tera deewaana
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai
haay kaise bache hasrat
haay hasrat
har aankh mein haaye hai

hans den jo zara
dekh ke
khil jaaye kali dil ki
khil jaaye kali dil ki
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
halka sa tabassum tera
gulzaar khilaaye hai
tum saamne baithho ke main
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
jee bhar ke tumhen dekhoon
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
tum jyon hi huye ojhal
haay ojhal
jhat aankh bhar aaye hai
majboor hai is dil se
is dil se
ye kaisi pilaai hai


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3885 Post No. : 14912

Today’s song is a rare song( difficult to get) from film Bhanwara-44, starring K L Saigal.

I have been writing on old films and its music since more than 6 years now, but I have never written on any song of a film featuring Saigal and his songs. I had never planned it that way. Actually, I am also a fan of Saigal. Probably it so happened that I found that there were “better’ people to write on Saigal and I coolly left it at that. Our Sudhir ji has done great justice to Saigal songs- film and Non film- with his detailed and emotional articles. These were lapped up by our readers and praise was heaped on every article of his on this topic. Comments on those songs are a testimony to this.

Now there are no Saigal songs left in any film uncovered nor are there any of his popular films without full coverage of all songs. However, few films have few other non K L Saigal songs still to be covered. Today’s song is one such song. This song is a rare song, opines Sadanand ji – the uploader of this song.

K L Saigal (11-4-1904 to 18-1-1947) started his film career with Muhabbat ke aansoo-32 and ended it with Parwana-1947. Most of his career was pursued in Calcutta, primarily with New Theatres and at the end of his life, he did 7 films in Bombay. 2 films each had music by Khemchand Prakash and Lal Mohammed, and 1 film each by Gyan Dutt, Naushad and Khursheed Anwar.

Film Bhanwara-44 was a quickie made by Ranjit within a span of just 9 days, using up the balance period days of Saigal’s contract with Ranjit. The film was directed by his old friend Kidar Sharma. The film had music by Khemchand Prakash. The songs were written by Kidar Sharma, Swami Ramanand and Pt. Indra. The cast of the film was Saigal, Arun Ahuja, Kamla Chatterjee, Monica Desai, lala Yaqub, Brijmala, Kesari etc etc.

Arun Ahuja was a favourite of Sagar, Mehboob and Ranjit. His real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja-born on 26-1-1918. He was a science graduate from Lahore in 1937. Director Mehboob was interviewing candidates for his new film. From among the shortlisted 100 candidates, Mehboob was impressed with the personality of Arun Ahuja and he was selected to be one of the Heros in film Ek hi Rasta-1939, made by Mehboob for Sagar Movietone. In this film Arun even sang a duet with Maya Banerjee. The film was so successful that Arun became a Hit Hero overnight. Next came Civil marriage-40, Bhole Bhale-40 and his life’s best film Aurat-40

In 1942, while doing film Savera with a new comer Nirmala, he fell in her love and they got married. Arun went on doing roles in about 30 films in his career till his last film Aulad-54. He had produced a film, which was a total flop. He had heavy loss and had to sell off his Bungalow in Bombay and go to a chawl in far off suburb-Virar to live in a rented flat. Arun had 3 daughters and 2 sons- actor/producer Kirti kumar and superstar Govinda. To maintain family, his wife acted and sang in stage shows till her last. Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998.

Film Bhanwara had a one film old Heroine Monica Desai- who was called from Calcutta by Kidar Sharma. He knew her well earlier,from Calcutta.
Monica Desai was a famous Indian actress during 1930’s and 40’s. She was the daughter of Dr. Umedram Lalbhai Desai and Satyabhama Devi, a well-known musician of the early 20th Century. Her father was a Gujarati, and her mother hailed from Bihar. Her father who was a reputed Doctor of that period died in the year 1930.
Monica Desai first worked for Bangla movie ‘Nimai Sanyasi’ which released in the year 1940. She was an actress who represented the era of upcoming character actresses like Leela Mishra, Ram Dulari, who made debut along with her and later ruled the Indian screen.

Monica Desai acted under the direction of Phani Majumdar and Kidar Nath Sharma. She did not concentrate much on acting as she got married to Phani Majumdar, a pioneering Indian film director, who worked in Hindi cinema. Phani Majumdar is known for Meena Kumari’s classic film ‘Aarti’ (1962), and ‘Oonche Log’ (1965). Monica Desai had a sister named Leela Desai, who was a renowned actress in Hindi and Bengali cinema. Leela Desai has even acted in the film ‘Kapal Kundala’ (1939) directed by Phani Majumdar. After completion of the venture, Phani Majumdar married Monica Desai.

Monica acted with Prithviraj Kapoor in her career, in film Gauri. ‘Gauri’ was an Indian Bollywood film that was the seventh highest grossing Indian film of 1943 and this established Monica Desai as an actress. Later, she featured in a film ‘Devdasi’ as a heroine that was also top seven grossing film at the Indian box office in 1945. She appeared in the film ‘ Chitralekha’ which was the second-highest grossing Indian film of 1941, in this movie, she portrayed the character of Yasodhara.

This film also was a debut film for actor Bharat Bhushan, who later achieved fame with ‘Baiju Bawra’ (1952). Monica Desai had also acted with a legendary actor and singer K. L Saigal.

Monica worked in only 9 Hindi films- Qaidi-40, Chitralekha-41, Bhakta Surdas-42, Gauri-43, Bhanwara-44, Lakharani-45, Devdasi-45, Rangeen Zamana-48 and Vikram Shashikala-49.

The screenplay and direction of Bhanwara-44 was by Kidar Sharma. This was a social comedy film. Saigal was never known for comedy acts. In fact, it was a new experience for him, since this was only a comedy dominated love story without any sad songs-hallmark of Saigal’s popular songs,done by him so far.

Saigal shifted to Bombay in December-1941 for two reasons. One- Ranjit had offered him a very lucrative offer ( One lakh per movie, according to one source) and secondly most of his friends like Prithviraj kapoor, K N Singh, Kidar Sharma etc had shifted to Bombay. Further, the atmosphere in New Theatres was nowadays polluted and vitiated with Ego clashes, financial difficulties and new entrants to replace the vacancies. Saigal was uncomfortable with all this.

In Bombay, Saigal met all his old friends and he had a gala time with them. In 1944 itself he went back to Calcutta to complete film ‘My Sister’. Then again he went in 1945 to do film ‘Kurukshetra’. This was perhaps his last visit, as he became very busy in 45 and 46 in Bombay. In early 1947, in his visit to his hometown, Saigal breathed his last, luckily amidst his family members.

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

The film had 11 songs. 7 songs are already discussed here. The remaining songs are difficult to get as they are not uploaded on the Net yet, Record collectors, of course, have them. Today’s song is also one such rare song. It is a duet of Amirbai and Arunkumar Mukherjee.

This song can be considered an example of an unusual coincidence. It is like Shyamkumar singing for Shyam in Dillagi. This song is an example of an even rare coincidence. This song finds one Arunkumar (Mukherjee) singing for another Arunkumar (Ahuja)…..and a third Arunkumar
(Deshmukh) writing about it !


Song- Mann ki baazi haar chuke to preet ki baazi jeet (Bhanwra)(1944) Singers- Amirbai Karnataki, Arun Kumar Mukherji, Lyrics- Kidar Sharma, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Mann ki baazi haar chuke to
preet ki baazi jeet
Mann ki baazi haar chuke to
preet ki baazi jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet
saajan ki har baat niraali
ee ee
ee ee

saajan ki har baat niraali
ee ee
ee ee

chitwan ki
ee ee
chitwan ki har aas niraali
ee ee

ee ee
ee ee

chitwan ki
ee ee
chitwan ki har aas niraali
ee ee

ee ee
ee ee

khel raha hai aankh michauli
aankh michauli
michauli
michauli
aankh michauli
michauli
michauli
khel raha hai aankh michauli
man se man ka meet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet

phir aayin ghanghor ghataayen
aen aen
phir aayin ghanghor ghataayen
aen aen
mor papeehe shor machaayen
ae ae ae ae
mor papeehe
mor papeehe
mor papeehe
shor machaayen
phooli nahin samaati kaliyaan
sun bhanwron ke geet
phooli nahin samaati kaliyaan
sun bhanwron ke geet

jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
jeet mein haar
haar mein jeet
ye preet ki ulti reet
preet ki ulti reet

man ki baaazi ee


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3864 Post No. : 14881 Movie Count :

4070

Today’s song is from a film Iqraar-42. The song is sung by Bulo C Rani, who became a Music Director himself in 1943. Music Director for this film was Khemchand Prakash. The film was directed by Manibhai Vyas. The 10 songs of the film were written by Pt. Indra and Munshi Dil. The cast of the film was, Madhuri, Motilal, Rama Shukul, Shanta Kashmiri,Bhagwandas, Tarabai, Bhoopat Rai and others.

Cut to….

———————————————
Place- Shanmukhanand Hall,Mumbai
Date 7-2-1999
Time- 7 p.m.
Programme- Felicitation to ‘ Stars from the Silent Era’
Organisers- ” Amrut” and ” Cine Society of Bombay ”

The entire hall was overcrowded. Not only all the seats were occupied,but people were standing wherever possible. Everybody wanted to see the Two STARS on the stage-Jairaj and Madhuri. Both were in their late 80s,but looked radiant and smiling. For Madhuri it was a surprise,that the organisers found her out after living in oblivion for over 50 years. She was simply overwhelmed with the people’s affection and love. For Jairaj,these things were not new. He has been around all the time.

Madhuri and Jairaj were a Popular pair in Silent film era. They worked as a lead pair in 3 films, one each in 1930-Rasili Rani, 1931-Warrior from the wild and 1932-My Hero. They came together after almost 70 years,on this stage.

Like many others, Madhuri too was an Anglo Indian. Her name was Beryl Claessen. She was born on 3-11-1913 at Delhi. Her father was a big officer in Government. Her initial schooling took place in Nainital. She learnt music too,because she wanted to become a Music Teacher. However that she never became,but on a visit to Bombay she was picked up by producer Indulal Yagnik and she started acting in silent films.

Many Heroines in those days were Anglo-Indians, Europeans or Jew girls. Since silent films did not require speaking Hindi or Urdu ( or any language,for that matter),these girls were preferred, as Indian audience loved their fair colour (Gori Mem). Additionally,these girls did not hesitate to give intimate scenes like kissing or doing stunts themselves. Most girls knew Horse riding, fencing and fighting.

In 1928,there was a Silent film Madhuri, but actress Sulochana(Ruby Myers) did this role and in 1932 there was a Talkie film Madhuri,in which also Sulochana only did the role. When Talkie films era began most of the Anglo Indian girls became jobless, since they could not speak Hindi/Urdu nor could they sing a song-the two requirements for actresses in Talkie films. However, a few intelligent and professional actresses learnt Hindi/Urdu language speaking. Madhuri and Sabita Devi (Irene Gasper) were two such clever girls who achieved proficiency in these matters.

Madhuri was very beautiful. After doing 17 silent films,she made her debut in Talike films with ‘ Pardesi Preetam’-1933. Jaswantlal Nandlal directed his first film here. Her Hero was Raja Sandow. She did many films for Ranjit under the direction of Jayant Desai. From 1933 to 1942,she acted in 26 films. They were (not in order) Kashmeera,Mitti ka Putla,Noor e watan,Secretary,Lehri lala,Rangeela Raja,Sitamgarh,Prithviputra,Thokar,Raj Ramni,Diwali,Matlabi Duniya,Toofani Toli,Shama parwana,College Girl,Nadira,Veer babruvahan,Zamin ka chaand,Ban ki chidia,Toofan Mail,mehmanSasural,shadi and Ikrar. By the way, Iqrar – 42 was Madhuri’s last film.

In 1941, Madhuri got married and retired from Film line. After this she simply disappeared for next 50 years without a trace,till the organisers of above programme located her.

This film was made by the film producing machine of the Industry- Ranjit Movietone. The huge set up of the studio, having a galaxy of stars on its roll, had at one time, as many as 300 persons on its pay roll. Most of the workers used to live in studio premises or around it. The Government had opened a Ration shop in the studio campus, for the benefit of their families.

I said it was a film machine, because at a time 5 to 6 films’ shootings took place on the 6 floors of the studio and films for future were planned at the same time. As per a News item published in Film India Magazine of November 1942, the studio had films ready for release…Gauri, Chhoti Maa, Bhakta Surdas, Dukh Sukh, Fariyad, Andhera and Iqrar. The films on floor were Tansen, Vish kanya, Sati Parvati, Kalidas, Shrawan kumar, Rakhi and Jaydev. Due to this continuous activity, the studio staff was always busy and one could hearthe musical rehearsals from near the Music Department.

Like all studios, Ranjit too had a system of employing Music Directors on monthly basis for long terms. In 1942, it was Khemchand Prakash. Hailing from Sujanghar in Rajasthan, Kemchand Prakash, born on 12-12-1907, was an accomplished Kathak dancer and a classical singer. The earthy music of Rajasthan flowed in his veins and helped him infuse irresistible charm into his compositions.

He learned Dhrupad *gaayaki* from his father Govardhan Prasad. He then went to Nepal and lived there for eight years under the patronage of the Maharaja. His career in films began when, on his return, he joined New Theatres (Calcutta) as an assistant to Timir Baran on a monthly salary of Rs.120. When he left New Theatres in 1939 he was drawing Rs. 500 p.m.

As Baran’s assistant he was said to have composed Saigal’s “baalam aaye baso more nam me.n” (in Raag Kafi) and “dukh ke ab bitat nahin” (Raag Des) in’Devdas.’ He even enacted a comic scene and sang a song “lo khaa lo madam khaanaa” in ‘Street Singer’ at the suggestion of the director, Phani Majumdar.

Khemchand migrated to Bombay with Prithviraj Kapoor and Kidar Sharma in search of independent assignments and joined Ranjit Movietone. Khemchand was employed by Ranjit Movietone from 1940 to 1945, in place of Gyan Dutt who was in Ranjit from 1937 to 1940 ( 15 films). Khemchand gave music to 20 films in 5 years period. When he left Ranjit, his friend Bulo C. Rani joined in his place. However ,by that time Ranjit was already going downhill due to financial difficulties caused by the gambling of Sardar Chandulal Shah. With ‘Meri Ankhen’ (1939) he proved himself as an independent composer. Followed ‘Pardesi’, ‘Shaadi’, and ‘Umeed’in 1941 which gave him a firm foothold in the Bombay industry.

One of the most popular songs composed by him during the early phase was sung by Khurshid: “pahele jo mohabbat se inakaar kiyaa hotaa.” “But Khurshid,” recalls Pandit Jagannath Prasad, a cousin and close associate of Khemchand, “was reluctant to sing the song.” And an angry Khemchand gave her the ultimatum: “Sing or get out.”

Unwilling to offend acomposer of Khemchand’s calibre, Khurshid finallygave in and rendered the song. Khurshid had her own reason for hisitating to sing the song, which was a recognizable rehash of Begum Akhtar’s famous ghazal,”deevaana bannana hai to.” She didn’t want to risk a comparison with the great Begum, for she was never really sure of her own calibre as a singer. Ironically, “pahele jo mohabbat” brought her unprecedented laurels!

Khemchand had more hits in 1942–like ‘Chandni’ and’ Khilauna.’ But it was ‘Tansen’ (1943), which sent hsi stock soaring. Based on the immortal singer’s life, ‘Tansen’ inspired Khemchand to come out with a veritable feast of light classical songs, which pleased both the connoisseur and the uninitiated. The film paired Saigal, who had been lured to Bombay by monetary considerations, with Khurshid. And Khemchand gave them a wide range of hummable songs to sing. “more baalaapan ke saathi” (Khurshid,Saigal), “dukhiyaa jiyaraa” and “baraso re” (Raag Megh Malhar–Khurshid), “ghata ghan ghor ghor” (Raag Sarang–Khurshid), “rumjhum rumjhum chaal tihaari”(Raag Shankara–Saigal), “diyaa jalaao” (Raag Deepak–Saigal) and “sapt suran teen graam” (Raag Hameer in Dhrupad–Saigal) were all brilliant compositions, which contributed in a big way to the film’s commercial suceess.

Khemchand’s sway over the Hindi film music scene continued unabated even after the influx of the robust Punjabi brand of music. He stuck steadfastly to classical and Rajasthani folk music and ghazals. His compositions in ‘Bharthari’ (“chandaa des piyaake jaa”–Amirbai), ‘Bhanwara’ (“ham apanaa unhebanaa na sake”–Saigal) and ‘Shahenshah Babar'(“mohabbat me.n saara jahaan jal rahaa hai”–Khurshid) became a rage.

Khemchand was in trouble when the Ranjit boss,Chandulal Shah, started disapproving of his association with outside producers. (Prakash Pictures’ ‘Samaj Ko Badal Dalo’ and Filmistan’s ‘Sindoor.’). The rift came to a head when Shah refused to let Khemchand use a raw voice for a song. “I don’t want an unknown voice in my film.” Shah told off Khemchand. And Khemchand walked out of Ranjit Movietone. The “unknown voice” was young Lata Mangeshkar’s! (Lata had been recommended to Khemchand by Anil Biswas, and he took an instant liking for her mellifluous voice.)

From Ranjit, Khemchand went to Bombay Talkies to score the music for ‘Ziddi.’ The success of the film vindicated his stand on Lata. Lata’s rendering of “chandaa re jaa re jaa re” based on a Rajasthani folk song “kaagaa re jaa re jaa re” was unanimously acclaimed.

‘Ziddi’ launched another eventful career–that of Kishore Kumar’s. In spite of his reputation as a ‘master yodeller’ and a singer of the frothy, light numbers, Kishore invariably excelled as a singer of sad songs. Khemchand Prakash was the first to discover this talent in Kishore. Besides the sad ‘Ziddi’ number (“marne ki duvaaye.n kyaa maangu”), he gave him another pathos-ridden song in ‘Rimjhim’ (jag mag jag mag kartaa nikalaa chaand poonam ka pyaara”).

A line in the song–“meri chaandani bichhad gayi mere ghar mein huaa andhiyaara”–proved ominously prophetic a fortnight after he’d composed the song, when his wife died, which made him a sad, lonely man, and perhaps accounted for the pathos recurring in his later compositions.

Nevertheless, Khemchand wore the facade of a ready-witted jovial person. He had an incorrigible weakness for good food and liquor. In his while dhoti and silk kurta, he was often mistaken for a rich Marwari, while he actually led a frugal existence. At Ranjit Novietone, Khemchand was paid Rs. 100 p.m. When he composed music for his last film at Bombay Talkies, he drew a salary of Rs.1,500. Producers for whom he freelanced seldom paid him his dues in spite of making the best use of his exceptional talent. Once, to collect the two thousand rupees Kishore Sahu owed him, he told the producer-director that he needed the money desperately to perform the last rites of his grandmother. When lyricist Bharat Vyas heard of this ‘bereavement’, he went to Khemchand to offer his condolences. The composer smiled wryly and said, “My grandmother is 90 and fit as a fiddle. I have been ‘killing’ her again and again only to collect my dues from the producers.”

In spite of his meagre earnings, Khemchand was a large-hearted man. He went out of his way to present a radio set to the general ward of Bombay’s K.E.M. Hospital where he had once undergone treatment. (“The antique piece is still working,” says his now physician, Dr. Hindlekar).

Khemchand never allowed his financial worries to affect his creativity. He exhibited his versatility in every composition of his of his–whether it was based on a classical raag (“kukat koyaliyaa kunjan mein”/raag Sarang/Kajjan/’Bharthari’); a Rajasthani folk tune (“silvaa de re sajanavaa mohe/Paro, SushilSahu/’Sindoor’); a ghazal (“dil lagaane mein kuchhmazaa hi nahin”/Khurshid/’Shahenshah Babar’); abhajan (“prabhu ke gun gaaoon main”/Khurshid,chorus/’Shadi’); a romantic song (“ye kaun aaj aayaare”/Kishore, Lata/’Ziddi’); or a heart-reding musical wail (“o roothe hue bhagavaan tum ko kaisemanaaoon”/Amirbai/’Sindoor’). Even as his stock went up as a musician and he came to be acknowledged as one of the best ever composers the film industry had known, Khemchand suffered an acute feeling of loneliness towards the later stages of his career after his wife’s sudden demise, and he began drowning himself in liquor.

During this phase, when he was hospitalized for abdominal ailment, he fell in love with a pretty nurse, Sridevi, who was to be his inspiration in times to come. Khemchand was in poor health when,unexpectedly, Kamal Amrohi assigned the music of Bombay Talkies’ ‘Mahal’ to him. Ashok Kumar had just come back to take over the reins of Bombay Talkies in a desperate attempt to prevent a great institution from crumbling. But the choice of Khemchand as the music director raked up a controversy, as doubts were raised about his about his ability to meet the needs of a changing breed of filmgoers. The music scene in the Bombay film industry had begun to change with breezy, catchy tunes taking over from the slow, classically oriented numbers. The rhythmic, rustic and fast-paced Punjabi folk music was becoming immensely popular. Would the ‘slow’ style of Khemchand suit the changing scene? When he heard the *mukhda* of”aayega aanevaala” in its formative stages, one of the producers of Bombay Talkies, Savak Vachcha, lost his temper, and asked Khemchand, “But when will it(the song) come?” (referring to “aayega” which is repeated five times in the song.) In his faltering Hindi the genial Parsi is said to have asked, “Aap to ‘aayega, aayega’ karte hain, vo aanevaala kidhar hai?”, which provoked the composer to walk out of the room in a fit of fury.

Sometime ago when Kamal Amrohi (who directed’Mahal’) was asked as to what had influenced the choice of Khemchand Prakash for the film, the 69-year old veteran said, “I’d been greatly impressed by Khemchand’s talent when he was with Ranjit. There was always an undercurrent of pathos in his music which reminded me of *marsia* (a dirge) and *noha*(the mournful songs of Moharrum). But he was reluctant to work with me because of my abusive tongue. When I wrote the first part (“khaamosh hai zamaane..”) of “aayega aanevaala”–the rest of the song was written by Nakhshab–and showed it to him,he instantly moved his fingers on the harmonium and played a tune… and I approved it on the spot. Though Nakhshab was angry with me for accepting the very first tune, Khemchand was relieved that I wasn’t so difficult a person after all! Nobody at Bombay Talkies, barring me, was confident of the success of ‘Mahal’ or its songs.”

The film and its music, however, went on to make history. “aayega aanevaala”, based on a Rajasthani folk tune, not only became the film’s major draw,but has remained a perennial favourite of music lovers. The song also opened floodgate of opportunities for Lata Mangeshkar.

Rajkumari, Khemchand’s favourite singer, also sang five memorable songs in ‘Mahal’ (including”ghabaraake jo ham sar ko” and “haaye mera dil”). Though, unfortunately, one of them (“suno mere nainaa”) had to be deleted from the film.

When ‘Mahal’ was released on October 13, 1950 at Bombay’s Roxy cinema to overwhelming response, Khemchand Prakash wasn’t alive to see the fruits of his labour. He had died two months earlier at the Harikisondas Hospital–on August 10, 1950–at the young age of 42.

At the time of his death, Sridevi was beside him. As she wasn’t married to Khemchand and had no legal rights over what he’d left behind, she was left high and dry.

Today, many years after Khemchand’s death, nothing seems to have changed for Sridevi. She still lives in the past, on the pavements of Borivli. Khemchand’s old physician, Dr. Hindlekar, still treats her with great care, but she’s no longer in a position to respond to anybody’s sympathy. The only sound which brings her back to ‘life’ is the strains of “aayega aanevaala.” Whenever she hears the song she stands still on the road, clutching at her only possession–a small sack of clothes and memories of a ‘melodious’ time.

( adapted from articles by Nalin Shah, Satish Chopra, Pankaj Raag and my notes, HFGK, MuVyz and Mid Day 12-2-1999.

Thanks to Harish Raghuwanshi ji )
———————————————-

I have not seen this film and I do not know its theme. However, from a photo with comments in Film India magazine, it can be presumed that the film was a Love Triangle film. Two friends, Motilal and Rama Shukul vying for the same girl Madhuri. In the process they distance themselves from each others and Madhuri tries to bring them together again. One of the actors in this film is Tarabai. She was the elder sister of Sitara Devi and mother of famous Dancer Gopi Krishna. After marriage with Marutirao Pehelwan, she fell on bad days and started working sundry roles in films. Later on her condition became worse and she used to live in Bombay’s slums. Another actor Bhagwan das, who did small roles in films, became a big time producer, later on and then became a pauper also. He had married actress Poornima. One of the 10 songs of this film is sung by one Master Vithal. He was not that Vithal who acted in Aalam Ara-31-India’s first Talkie. This master Vithal was a professional singer from Sholapur.

Today’s song is sung by Bulo C Rani (6-5-1920 to 24-5-1993). He gave music to 71 films composing 574 songs. He sang 37 songs in 19 films also. His end was terrible. He committed suicide by burning himself in his house. Bulo C Rani had joined Ranjit after Khemchand Prakash left in 1945, but by that time, Ranjit was already drowning.

This song is a very slow paced song and I feel it has inspired some other popular song from some later film, but I am unable to pinpoint the song.


Song-Muhabbat mein luta dee apne haathon zindagi apni(Iqraar)(1942) Singer- Bulo C Rani, Lyrics- Not specified, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Muhabbat mein luta dee
apne haathon zindagi apni
Muhabbat mein luta dee
apne haathon zindagi apni
dil apna
aarzoo apni
hansi apni
khushi apni
dil apna
aarzoo apni
hansi apni
khushi apni

meri ghamgheen raaton mein
ujaala bhi andhera hai
meri ghamgheen raaton mein
ujaala bhi andhera hai
unhi ke bazm mein ae shamma
le ja raushni apni
unhi ke bazm mein ae shamma
le ja raushni apni

main barbaad e tamanna hoon
main naakaam e muhabbat hoon oon oon
main barbaad e tamanna hoon
main naakaam e muhabbat
muhabbat ke haseen waadon pe duniya
ro rahi apni
muhabbat ke haseen waadon pe duniya
ro rahi apni

tamanna thhi ki shaam e gham
tamanna thhi ki shaam e gham
kabhi saahil pe ?? hote ae ae ae ae ae
tumhaari qaid hoti aur ?? apni
muhabbat mein ??


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3783 Post No. : 14765

With the advent of talkies in 1931, many new actors joined the Hindi film industry in the 1930s in addition to those who had switched over from silent films. While some actors became successful and remained active in the film industry for a long time, an overwhelming majority of actors could not be sustained for longer period in the film industry. Within this category, there were some actors who became successful in their initial stages of the filmy career, but lost the momentum of success in their later stage. While they remained active in the film industry for reasonable period, they went into oblivion and thus forgotten after the end of their filmy career.

Rama Shukul was one of such actors who despite talent and age on his side could remain active only for a decade or so. Thereafter he made some sporadic appearances films in minor roles for about another decade. Today, he has been forgotten to such an extent that no basic information about him is available on the internet other than his incomplete filmography. Luckily, I could lay my hand on an article written by Hyacinth (pseudo name of Susheela Rani) on Rama Shukul in Filmindia magazine (September 1942) based on her inter-actions with him sometime in 1942. I could also update his filmography and other information from various issues of Filmindia magazines of 1938 to 1949 and thereafter from the website, myswar.co. I also watched his four films – ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Navjeevan’ (1939), ‘Durga’ (1939) and ‘Aazaad’ (1940) which are available online to get a feel of his acting. I found Rama Shukul to be a natural actor. He looked like a seasoned actor even in his first film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938).

Rama Shukul was born in Jabalpur to Badri Prasad Shukul and Sushila Shukul in a wealthy family. His father was the District Superintendent of Police in Central Province (presently the parts of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatishgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra). Rama Shukul was the only son and therefore was pampered a lot by his father. Whenever his father was transferred, he would take with him Rama Shukul. As a result, his education was affected. He completed his Matriculation and was enrolled in Robertson College, Jabalpur for graduate study. The pampering of his father was such an extent that he gifted a car for his son to travel to the college. The whole idea of his father was to keep Rama Shukul interested in studies. However, he was more interested in sports and acting than the studies.

Rama Shukul was the college champion for three years in a row in tennis and was in the college teams for cricket, hockey and volleyball. In 1935, he participated in the Inter-Collegiate Drama Competition at Banaras Hindu University where he received the trophy for the best actor in the role of Hamlet in the drama. His father wanted to send him to England for ICS or for becoming a barrister. But Rama Shukul could barely complete his Senior Cambridge. Looking at his son’s interest in sports, his father arranged for a job for him as an Assistand Director of Physical Culture in the State at Nagpur. But the young Rama Shukul refused to accept the job saying that he was going to become a film actor. His father lost all hopes of shaping his bright career.

In 1938, Rama Shukul came to Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue an acting career in the films. But to get into the film studios, one must have reference but Rama Shukul did not have any in Mumbai. He had one friend in Mumbai, Fazal Chinoy. His father, Sir Rahimtula Chinoy was the promoter of the Indian Radio Company and the Director of the Imperial Bank of India (now State Bank of India). He was also a former member of the Indian Legislature Assembly. With his influence, Rama Shukul could get an appointment with Sir Richard Temple, the Managing Director of Bombay Talkies.

Sir Richard was impressed with his educational background. He introduced Rama Shukul to Himanshu Rai who agreed to take him as an actor. He signed a contract with Bombay Talkies in September 1938 and made it to ‘Bhabhi’ (1938) as his first film in a villainous role. The film was a box office success. In the film’s review published in ‘Filmindia’, Baburao Patel praised his acting by saying that ‘Rama Shukul is a good addition to the Indian screen. In the role of Anupam – the main obstacle in the whole scheme, he turns out to be a successful nuisance’.

Rama Shukul worked for Bombay Talkies for about 2 years during which time he acted in lead roles with Hansa Wadkar in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and with Devika Rani and Hansa Wadkar in ‘Durga’ (1939). In ‘Aazaad’ (1940), though Ashok Kumar and Leela Chitnis had lead roles, it was Rama Shukul pairing with Hansa Wadkar who had major presence in the film.

When he was to work opposite Devika Rani in his 5th film in Bombay Talkies, Himanshu Rai died. His death was a great shock to Rama Shukul due to his personal attachment. He was regarded as a blue-eyed boy of Himanshu Rai. Many in the Bombay Talkies had developed dislike for him as they felt that he was pampered by the boss of the Bombay Talkies. In this milieu, Rama Shukul could not continue in the Bombay Talkies for long.

His next destination was Ranjit Movietone where he acted in the second lead role in ‘Iqraar’(1942). This was followed by ‘Mehmaan’ (1942), ‘Fariyaad’ (1942) and ‘Dukh Sukh’ (1942). However, none of these films made much impact on the box office front. From 1943, he became a free-lance artist and acted in the second lead in Ramnik Productions’ ‘Dulhan’ (1943), ‘Kiran’ (1944), and ‘Gaon Ki Gori’ (1945).

By this time, his status as an actor seems to have come down from second lead actor to one among the supporting actors. In this category, he worked in Filmistan’s ‘Eight Days’ (1946) and ‘Shikari’ (1946). This was followed by ‘Mulaaqat’ (1947), ‘Shikaayat’ (1948) and ‘Meherbaani’ (1950).

After 1950, the filmy assignments of Rama Shukul seem to have dwindled significantly. His name started appearing in ‘other actors’ like in ‘Shamsheer’ (1953), ‘Sardaar’ (1955) and ‘Sitaaron Se Aage’ (1958). ‘Madhu’ (1959) was Rama Shukul’s last film as an actor when he may be around 45 years of age. I could not get any information as to how he spent rest of his life after 1959.

Despite being recognised as one of the fine actors of the 1940s, Rama Shukul had an active filmy career of about 10 years (1938-48). During his entire career, he acted in 20 films.

I am presenting ‘zara dheere ho zara dheere’ from ‘Mehmaan’ (1942) sung by Shamim Bano and Rama Shukul. The song is written by Pandit Indra and is set to music by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is actor-singer songs and is the 5th song to appear in the Blog.

Although HFGK credits the male voice in the song to Rama Shukul, in my view, it may not be his voice when I compare his voice in the songs in ‘Navjeevan’ (1939) and ‘Durga’ (1939). My hunch is that the male voice in this song may be of Bulo C Rani based on his rendition of ‘rootthna pyaar mein karwat ka badal jaana hai’ from the same film. I request the opinions from the experts on my presumption.

For the time being, however, I have retained the name of Rama Shukul as the male singer in the video caption of the song.

I find this song a sweet expression of love.


Song-Zara dheere ho zara dheere(Mehmaan)(1942) Singers-Shamim Bano, Rama Sukul, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora naazuk jiya behlaana
o mora naazuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere

chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
chunariya hamaari hawa ho gayi
nazariya tumhaari dawa ho gayi
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
ye champa chameli rahi kyun akeli
bataao zara morey shyaam
saajanwa
saajaniya
saajanwa
saajaniya
zara dheere dheere
zara dheere dheere
jhoola na ho
mora nazuk jiya behlaana
o mora najuk jiya behalaana
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere
zara dheere ho zara dheere


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3783 Post No. : 14764 Movie Count :

4037

Today’s song is from film ‘Holi’ (1940). It is written by DN Madhok and composed by Khemchand Prakash. This duet is sung by Sitara Devi and Kantilal.

When silent films started talking, it became imperative for the film makers to recruit only those artistes who could sing on screen. In this compulsion, most of the times, the composers had to compromise on the singing ability of the artistes, because for the artistes, acting was primary and singing was secondary. Barring the born, natural singers like Noorjehan, KL Saigal, Khursheed, Surendra and few others, the rest of the singers in the film industry were all ‘make do’ types. In the early era, till about the beginning of the 40’s decade, the music directors had a tough time getting songs sung by these so called ‘singers’. May be, that is the reason why we find that many composers also sang when the playback started.

Almost all the heroes and heroines (with the sole exception of Jairaj – who was an ‘Aurangzeb’ in music) willy-nilly sang even after the playback singing had firmly set in. Pure and exclusive singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Rafi, Mukesh and Talat started occupying their legitimate place in playback singing in films from the mid 1940s onward. At the same time, slowly and steadily singing by the actors and actresses diminished, and by the dawn of the 1950’s decade, playback singing was rooted firmly. In my opinion, this was also one of the major reasons of ‘Golden Period of Film Music’ blossoming from around 1947-48 onward. Due to the availability of playback singers, actors started acting wholeheartedly and composers got new energy and they concentrated on making good music rather than breaking their heads on teaching the ‘pseudo-singers’ how to sing their songs ! In one of the interviews, Naushad had expressed his relief from getting song sung by non-singers !!

Singers like Ishwarlal, Kantilal, AR Oza, Vatsala Kumthekar etc were part actors and part singers. Thus we find that very rarely any song sung by these part time singers became an evergreen song. I can, however, think of only one song- “Zindagi Ka Saaz Bhi Kya Saaz Hai, Baj Raha Hai Aur Be-awaaz Hai” by Naseem Bano in film ‘Pukar’ (1939). She had sung it well and the composer Meer Sahab too should get some credit for its composition. But such cases are rare. Mohd. Rafi’s case in this connection can be quoted. After the regular playback singers became composers’ first choice, one by one the ‘part time’ singers closed their shops ! See here how Rafi did it.

Mohd. Rafi, no doubt, was a versatile singer. Like Lata, when he came on the scene of playback singing – after considerable hard work and struggle, he replaced the old singers who sang in the films, one by one.

  • Ashok kumar’s singing spree stopped when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Saajan’ (1947).
  • Ishwarlal stopped singing when Rafi sang for him in film ‘Sharbati Aankhen’ (1945).
  • Shahu Modak stopped after ‘Chakradhari’ (1954).
  • WM Khan after ‘Aalam Ara’ (1956).
  • Master Nissar after ‘Boot Polish’ (1954)
  • GM Durrani after ‘Lal Pathar’ (1971)
  • Karan Dewan after ‘Duniya’ (1949).
  • Noor Mohammed Charlie after ‘Zameen Ke Taare’ (1960).
  • Balak Ram after ‘Shri Ram Bharat Milan’ (1965).
  • Moti Sagar after ‘Paak Daman’ (1957).
  • Man Mohan Krishna after ‘Basant Bahar’ (1956).

Mohd. Rafi even sang for some composers who used to sing in films,

  • SN Tripathi – ‘Pawanputra Hanuman’ (1957).
  • Snehal Bhatkar – ‘Baawre Nain’ (1950) (he was doing a beggar’s role in this film)
  • Sudhir Sen – ‘Saat Phere’ (1970).

By the way, Rafi was the only male playback singer who sang with all 3 major singer actresses

  • Noorjehan – ‘Jugnu’ (1947).
  • Khursheed – ‘Aage Badho’ (1947)
  • Suraiya – they have sung together in 13 films

The female singer in today’s song is Sitara Devi (8-11-1920 to 25-11-2014), the well known Kathak dancer. Her life story is available freely on the internet. She was bestowed the title of ‘Nritya Samragni’  by Ravindranath Tagore, in 1936, when she was just 16 year old. Sitara is also famous for her multiple marriages. She was the one who refused to accept ‘Padma Bhushan’ honour, stating that she deserves nothing less than ‘Bharat Ratna’ alone ! She had taught Kathak Dance to younger actresses like Madhubala, Rekha, Mala Sinha and Kajol.

The male singer in today’s song is Kantilal. KANTILAL CHHAGANLAL PACHCHIGAR was born on 18-4-1907 in Surat, Gujarat. Due to inherent interest in music, after college education he came to Bombay to try film singing. His first film was ‘Bulbul e Paristan’ (1934) from Vishnu Cinetone. Kikubhai Yagnik was the MD. Kantilal sang 2 songs in it. In 1935, he acted, sang and gave music to ‘Preet Ki Reet’ (1935). He sang 6 songs. He also gave music in ‘Punjab Ka Sinh’ (1936) and also in ‘Gul Badan’ (1937). From 1937 to 1941, he was with Ranjit Movietone and acted and sang in 16 films. He sang 40 songs under Khemchand Prakash and Gyan Dutt.

Then came ‘Gazi Salahuddin’, ‘Kangan’, ‘Holiday In Bombay’ and ‘Kanchan’. Kantilal sang 60 songs in 24 films under 5 MDs. Some of his films were, ‘Toofaani Toli’, ‘Ban Ki Chidiya’, ‘Billi’, ‘Gorakh Aaya’, ‘Prithviputra’, ‘Adhoori Kahaani’, ‘Nadi Kinaare’, ‘Aaj Ka Hindusthan’, ‘Achhoot’, ‘Diwali’, ‘Holi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Sasural’, ‘Shaadi’ etc.

In 1943, he married Ushaben and acted in Gujarati films and dramas. He passed away on 17-6-1971.

Khemchand Prakash (12-12-1907 to 10-8-1950) was a very talented composer, but unfortunately  most of his career, he dealt with average singers. Whenever he got opportunity to make songs for real singers like Saigal (‘Tansen’ and ‘Bhanwara’), Khursheed, Kishore ( ‘Ziddi’ and ‘Muqaddar’), Lata (‘Mahal’) and Rajkumari, his songs became famous and very popular. Today’s song is sung by the so called part time singers, but they have tried their best in it.

With this song film ‘Holi’ (1940) makes its debut on the blog.

 


Song – Dhanwaalon Ki Duniya Hai Ye, Nirdhan Ke Bhagwaan  (Holi) (1940) Singer – Kantilal, Sitara Devi, Lyrics – DN Madhok, Music – Khemchand Prakash
Kantilal + Sitara Devi

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
nirdhan teri
nirdhan ka main
ek anokhi shaan
ek anokhi shaan

do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ki ye mast jawaani
do din ka ye roo..oop
ek mundere chaanv hai aayi
ek mundere dhoo..oop
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
bhole panchhi is pinjre ka
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
jhootha tere maan
haa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
ret ke mahal bana kar moorakh
in mein kiya baseraa. . .
ek fanaa ke jhonka aaya
kooch hua sab dera
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhootha jeevan ka iktaara
jhoothi us ki taa..aan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan
dhanwaalon ki duniya hai ye
nirdhan ke bhagwan

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
निर्धन तेरी
निर्धन का मैं
एक अनोखी शान
एक अनोखी शान

दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन की ये मस्त जवानी
दो दिन का ये रू॰॰प
एक मुंडेरे छाँव है आई
एक मुंडेरे धू॰॰प
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
भोले पंछी इस पिंजरे का
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
झूठा तेरे मान
हाँ॰॰आँ
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान

रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
रेत के महल बना कर मूरख
इन में किया बसेरा॰ ॰ ॰
एक फना का झोंका आया
कूच हुआ सब डेरा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठा जीवन का इकतारा
झूठी उसकी ता॰॰आन
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान
धनवालों की दुनिया है ये
निर्धन के भगवान


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3743 Post No. : 14699

“Mumtaz Mahal” (1944) was produced under the banner of Ranjit Movietone. It was directed by Kidar Sharma. The movie had Khursheed , Chandramohan, Yakub, Sajjan, Sulochana Chatterjee etc in it.

The movie had eleven songs in it. Threee songs from this movie has been discussed in the past.

Here is another song from this movie. This song is sung by Khursheed. It is clear that the song is picturised on her as well.

Wali Sahab is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

I am not quite sure about the accuracy of the lyrics that I have noted down.I request our readers with keener ears to suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Udaas shaam ki aahen (Mumtaz Mahal)(1944) Singer-Khursheed Bano, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

udaas shaam ki aahen
udaas shaam ki aahen
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain

gareeb shab din gaahe
gareeb shab din gaahe
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain

jahaan hamaari mohabbat ne aankh kholi thhi
jahaan hamaari mohabbat ne aankh kholi thhi
wo badnaseeb si raahen
wo badnaseeb si raahen
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain
salaam kahti hain


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3675 Post No. : 14562

Khaamosh hai zamaana chup chaap hain sitaare

The first line of the song, aayega aane waala aayega from ‘Mahal’ (1949) must have vibrated in the cinema halls many times when the film was released on October 13, 1950 (on Ashok Kumar’s birth day). How true it was! Just two months before the release of the film, the creator of the immortal melodies in the iconic film ‘Mahal’ (1949) breathed his last on August 10, 1950 in Harkishandas Hospital in Bombay (Mumbai) at the young age of 42 years.

Today, August 10th 2018 is the 68th Remembrance Day of Khemchand Prakash (12/12/1907 – 10/08/1950). In 1939, he was like a newly capped cricketer who attained the form in his very first assignment and remained in form most of the time. In a short span of 11 years in the Hindi film industry, he composed a little over 430 songs in around 45 films. His career graph was like ‘I came, I saw, I conquered’ the Hindi film music.

Khemchand Prakash was born in Sujangarh (presently in Churu district of Shekhavati region of Rajasthan) in the family of Dhrupad singers and kathak dancers belonging to Jaipur Gharana. The family had a long lineage of kathak dancers and dhrupad singers. It is said that some of them received the patronage of Mughal kings from the time of Akbar and continued the royal patronage until the death of Mohammed Shah ‘Rangeela’. Thereafter they had to seek royal patronage from other princely states like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Rampur, Lucknow, Gwalior etc. [Reference: Sunil Kothari’s book ‘Kathak – Indian Classical Dance Art’ (1989)].

Pandit Govardhan Prasad, the father of Khemchand Prakash was also dhrupad singer and kathak dancer who was in the royal court of Jaipur. Khemchand Prakash received training in dhrupad singing and kathak dance from his father in Jaipur. When he was still in his teen, he became the court singer and dancer in the royal court of Bikaner. Soon he got an opportunity to join the royal court in Nepal as a singer and dancer where he remained for the next 7-8 years.

Khemchand Prakash got an opportunity to work in New Theatres (NT) as a music assistant to Timir Baran who was the music director for ‘Devdas’ (1935). There has been some speculation for a long time that Khemchand Prakash composed tunes for two songs of ‘Devdas’ (1935). About 3 years back, Pavan Jha, in his Article reaffirmed:

Music director Daan Singh [(‘My Love’ (1970), ‘Bhool Na Jaana’ (1960s, UR)], who was a formal protégé of Khemchand Prakash for a year and half, had told me that two of the classic compositions from Devdas, ‘Dukh ke din ab…’ and ‘Baalam aan baso…’, were composed by Guruji (Khemchand) and yet his contributions as composer went unaccredited.

Another important event in the life of Khemchand Prakash during his New Theatres day was his comic role as an actor-singer in ‘Street Singer’ (1938) in which he performed and sang lo khaa lo madam khaana. It seems, he also had a small role in ‘Kapal Kundla’ (1939).

Sometime in 1939, Khemchand Prakash joined Prithviraj Kapoor, K N Singh and others in quiting NT and came to Bombay (Mumbai). Probably, he must have thought that with stalwarts like R C Boral and Pankaj Mullick, he had no scope for becoming a music director in NT. With Prithviraj’s connections, Khemchand Prakash got his first assignment as an independent music director for Supreme Pictures’ ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939) and ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939).

For ‘Ghazi Salauddin’ (1939), Naushad assisted Khemchand Prakash as the story of the film had a historical Muslim background. Two songs sung by Kalyanibai became popular from this film. With ‘Meri Aankhen’ (1939) which was released first, Khemchand Prakash’s association with Khursheed Bano – Ranjit Movietone’s actor-singer- began which churned out many popular songs.

Although these two films did not have a good run at the box office, the songs of the films were appreciated. Khemchand Prakash joined Ranjit Movietone as music director with ‘Paagal’ (1940), ‘Holi’ (1940) and ‘Diwaali’ (1940) in his bag. In all, he composed music for 26 films during his 5 years of association with Ranjit Moveitone.

Some of the films made under the banner of Ranjit Movietone in which songs composed by Khemchand Prakash became popular were ‘Holi’ (1940), ‘Pardesi’ (1941), ‘Chaandni’ (1942), ‘Tansen’ (1943), ‘Bharthari’ (1944), ‘Bhanwra’ (1944), ‘Mumtaz Mahal’ (1944) etc.

A special mention needs to be made about the song compositions of ‘Tansen’ (1943). In this film, two top actor-singers – K L Saigal and Khursheed Bano were teamed together for the first time. It was the first occasion for Khemchand Prakash as a music director to record the song rendered by K L Saigal. It was the first occasion to compose a song in dhrupad for K L Saigal. While the songs of Khursheed Bano were a blend of folk and raag based, that of K L Saigal were based mainly on classical raags.

After ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945), Khemchand Prakash left Ranjit Movietone ostensibly for the differences with Sardar Chandulal Shah on engaging a new playback singer. After remaining inactive for about a year, he became a free-lancer during which he scored music for successful films like ‘Sindoor’ (1947), ‘Ziddi’ (1948), ‘Saawan Aaya Re’ (1949), ‘Rimjhim’ (1949), ‘Mahal’ (1949) etc.

Some of the lesser known songs composed by Khemchand Prakash which I like are as under:

Songs Singer(s) Movie
Main albeli titli Sitaara Devi Meri Aankhen (1939)
Mori atariya hai sooni mohan nahi aaye Khursheed Bano Pardesi (1941)
Meri atariya pe aa jaa Sitara Devi/Mukesh Dukh Sukh (1942)
wo chaand ban muskuraa rahe hain Ameerbai Karnataki Vishkanya (1943)
Mere dheere se ghoonghat hataaye piya Ameerbai Karnataki Bharthari (1944)
teri pi pi ke pukaaron ne dil loot liya Ameerbai Karnataki Bhanwra (1944)
Mohabbat mein saara jahaan jal raha hai Khursheed Bano Shahanshah Babar (1944)
ye dil na mujhe yaad dila baaten puraani Rafi/Shamshad Saawan Aaya Re (1949)
Jagmag jagmag karta nikla chaand poonam ka pyaara Kishore Kumar Rimjhim (1949)
dekh gagan mein kaali ghata kya kehti hai Nalini Jaywant Muqaddar (1950)

No discussion on Khemchand Prakash would be complete without the mention of his melodious song compositions for “Mahal’ (1949) in general and aayega aane waala aayega in particular. Probably, this was the first song in the genre of ‘haunting song’. The top popularity this song achieved after the release of the film relegated into background the other melodious songs of this film such as mushqil hai bahut mushqil and ghabra ke jo ham sar ko .

I had heard this song on the radio quite often during my childhood and teenage years. It was one of my favourite songs. During my gramophone record collection days in early 1970s, the 78 RPM gramophone record of this song (in two parts) was one of my early collections. It was then I came to know that the song was composed by Khemchand Prakash, a name unknown to me at that time. Due to the slow tempo in Part-1 of the song, I would play only Part-2 of the song on my record player on most of the time. After watching the song picturisation, now I am in a better position to appreciate Part-1 of the song as well.

It is said that after the marathon rehearsal of the song of about 6 minutes of duration, Ashok Kumar, Savak Vacha and lyricist Nakshab Jarchvi felt that the slow tempo in the song would not appeal to the audience. But Khemchand Prakash was very confident about the song becoming popular. He was supported by the director, Kamal Amrohi.

Khemchand Prakash’s prophecy came true. The song became a rage all over India. Radio listeners were asking as to who was the real singer since the name of ‘Kamini’ – the character Madhubala played in the film – was printed on the label of the 78 RPM gramophone record. Thereafter the radio anouncers started announcing the name of Lata Mangeshkar whenever the song was being played on the radio.

The musical hit of ‘Mahal’ (1949) made Madhubala a star to reckon with. Lata Mangeshkar’s playback singing career graph gained a quantum jump which helped her to become numero uno among the female playback singers and retain that status for about the next 5 decades. After being in the film industry for over a decade as a story/screen-play/dialogue writer and lyricist, Kamal Amrohi’s success in his first directorial assignment got him the recognition as a director. The debt-ridden Bombay Talkies under whose banner the film was produced, got a breather.

But Khemchand Prakash, the creator of the immortal melodies in the film was not there to witness the tremendous success of his songs. Just 2 months before the release of the film, he breathed his last on August 10, 1950. Although Khemchand Prakash had earlier composed many hit songs especially with Khursheed Bano and Ameerbai Karnataki, this one song , aayega aane waala’ has immortalised him forever in the history of Hindi film music.

As a tribute to Khemchand Prakash on his 68th Remembrance Day, I am presenting one of the rare songs from an obscure film ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) in which Khemchand Prakash composed 11 songs (including one multiple version song). All the songs were written by Lalchand Bismil Peshawari. The song is ‘aate hain wo aahista aahista haule haule’ sung by Patanjal and Meena Kapoor. The film was produced and directed by S K Malik under the banner of Malik Productions. The main cast included Patanjal, Latika, Sudha, Kanta Kumari, Anwari, Gope, K N Singh, Shekhar, Anjlina etc.

‘Chalte Chalte’(1947) was one of the films he was associated with after leaving Ranjit Movietone in 1946. After struggling for a year or so, I guess, he may have done some retrospection and decided to adapt to the changing scenarios in Hindi film music. Probably, this song may be the first song in which Khemchand Prakash was influenced by western music. Meena Kapoor’s singing of multiples ‘aa aa aa…’ before the start of new antaras add a feeling of joie de vivre. The symphony style orchestration mainly of violins at the beginning as well as in the interludes seems to be the contribution of Antony Gonsalves, the Goan musician, who had worked with Khemchand Prakash, Anil Biswas and Naushad when he joined them in the second half of the 1940s.

This is one of those humming melodies created by Khemchand Prakash which remained unknown to many admirers of vintage Hindi film songs.

With this rare song, ‘Chalte Chalte’ (1947) makes its debut in the Blog.


Song-Aate hain wo aate hain wo (Chalte Chalte)(1947) Singers-Patanjal, Meena Kapoor, Lyrics-Lal Chand Bismil Peshawri, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa
aa aa aaa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aaaa

aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aate hain wo naazon ke paale
baanki tirchhi maang nikaale
aahista aahista
haule haule
aaa aa aa
aa aa aa aaa
aa aa
aa aa
aa aaa
aa aaa

gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
gulshan ki duniya ne chun chun ke pahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
baanke sajeele phoolon ke gahne
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
shabnam ne chaandni ke moti roley(?)
aahista aahista
haule haule

aate hain wo
aate hain wo
aahista aahista
haule haule

raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
raat ki raani gesu sanwaare
ha ha ha ha ha
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
neele dupatte pe chamke sitaare
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
jhumke suraiyya ke kaanon mein dole
aahista aahista
haule haule


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3599 Post No. : 14362

“Fariyaad” (1942) was produced by Ranjit Movietone and directed by Jayant Desai. The movie had Ishwarlal, Shamim, Mubarak etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Two songs have been covered in the past, one each in 2012 and 2013 respectively.

Here is the third song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Ishwarlal and Shamim. Only the audio of this song is available, but it is clear that the song was picturised on themselves in the movie.

Lyrics are written by D N Madhok and music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

I have not been able to get a few words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.


Song-Kaho jee jee na lage bin tere (Fariyaad)(1942) Singers-Ishwar Lal, Shamim, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae
kaho ji
aaja saajan mere
aaja saajan mere
kaho ji
aaja saajan mere
aaja saajan mere
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
kaho ji
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye
dil se nikle haaye
chain nahin aaye

kaho jee
raam kasam tum mere
raam kasam tum mere
kaho ji
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere

jee na lage jab mohe bula lo
jee na lage jab mohe bula lo
mohe bula lo
mohe bula lo
paas bula lo
jee ko lagaalo
pass bithha lo
jee ko lagaalo
bolo tumhaari tumhaari ??
dil mein sau sau ghere ??
bolo tumhaari tumhaari ??
dil mein sau sau ghere ??
jee na lage bin tere
kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae ae
jee na lage bin tere ae ae ae ae
kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere

kaho jee
jee na lage bin tere
jee na lage bin tere


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Ummeed” (1941) was directed by Manibhai Vyas for Ranjit Movietone, Bombay. The movie had Ishwarlal, Prabha, Noor Jahan Sr., Dixit, Neela, Ibrahim, Brijmala, Bhagwandas, Kasam, Kesri, Charubala, Dharpure, Bheem, Inayat etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Ummeed” (1941) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Kanti Lal. D N Madhok is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of this song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.


Song-Jeewan ka balidaan kar de (Ummeed)(1941) Singer-Kanti Lal, Lyrics-D N Madhok, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

jeewan ka balidaan
kar de ae
jeewan ka balidaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
premi man ki yahi kasauti
yahi hai uski shaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan

tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
tod de apni saans ki dori
ud jaane de praan
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaayegi halchal dil ki
mit jaaye toofaan
mit jaaye toofaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaan
jeewan kar balidaaaan


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 15000 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3900 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

15070

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1171
Total Number of movies covered =4135

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