Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Khemchand Prakash


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4708 Post No. : 16413

In the initial years of sound films, some of the story, screen-play, dialogue and song writers came with literary background who had been well-known in the literary circle due to their published works. Gaurishankar Lal ‘Akhtar’, ‘Narayan Prasad ‘Betab’, Munshi Premchand, Amritlal Nagar, Dr. Safdar Aah Sitapuri, Krishan Chander, Dewan Sharar, Pandit Mukhram Sharma, Pandit Anand Kumar were some of such writers who started their association with Hindi films in the 1930s and 40s. Vrajendra Gaur, writer, poet and journalist was one among them.

Vrajendra Gaur had a long inning of 35 years in Hindi film industry as a screen-play/dialogue writer and the lyricist, aggregating around 70 films. A good number of photos I have browsed through on the google images, gives me an impression that Vrajnedra Gaur had friendly relationship with almost all the stalwarts of Hindi film industry during 1950-1980. In Bollywood, to have a successful career, one requires building up friendly relationship with those who matters in the film industry apart from the talent. It appears that this combination was a success formula for Vrajendra Gaur in his filmy career.

Etawah-born and Lucknow-settled Vrajendra Gaur (01/04/1924 – 07/08/1980) had already published his novels like ‘Sindoor Ki Laaj’, ‘Aadhi Raat Ka Sooraj’ ‘Jaagte Raho’ and ‘Manzil’. His other novels, ‘Kalkatte Ka Qatl-E-Aam’ and ‘Parole Par’ were banned by the British government for creating anti-British sentiment. He joined Hindi film industry in 1945 not on his own volition but on an invitation from Motilal after he heard his radio play, ‘Dhai Lakh’ on All India Radio. Motilal was so impressed with his presentation on AIR that he entrusted Vrajendra Gaur to write screen-play and dialogue for Motilal-Shanta Apte film, ‘Saawan’ (1945).

After writing lyrics for the films like ‘Ratnavali’ (1945), ‘Panihaari’ (1946), ‘Mangalsutra’ (1947), ‘Gunjan’ (1948), Vrajendra Gaur was disillusioned by the way the Hindi film industry works. He went back to Lucknow and worked in different capacity including editing some Hindi periodicals.

It was in 1950 when Bombay Talkies invited him to write dialogues for their film ‘Sangram’ (1950) with Ashok Kumar and Nalini Jaywant in the lead role. The box office success of this film not only helped Bombay Talkies financially, it also gave a lease of life for the filmy career of Vrajendra Gaur who also wrote songs for the film. ‘Parineeta’ (1953) was his next major box office success film as a dialogue writer in which Ashok Kumar was the producer-actor.

Vrajendra Gaur‘ first and the only film which he directed was ‘Kasturi’ (1954) for which he also wrote dialogues and songs. In an article published in silhouette magazine, it was mentioned that during the making of ‘Kasturi’ (1954), Vrajendra Gaur was to direct ‘Bahu’ (1955). However, his contractual obligations as a director for ‘Kasturi’ (1954) under which he could not take up direction in any other film until ‘Kasturi’ 1954) was released, came in his way. So, Shakti Samanta got the opportunity to direct his debut film ‘Bahu’ (1955) as director. Vrajendra Gaur did get to write the dialogues for the film. This opened up Vrajendra Gaur’s long association with Shakti Samanta in many films as dialogue writers such as ‘Howrah Bridge (1958), Insaan Jaag Utha’ (1959) ‘Singapore’ (1960), ‘Jalli Note’ (1960), ‘China Town (1962), ‘Saawan Ki Ghata’ (1966), ‘Kati Patang’ (1970), Jaane Anjaane’ (1971), ‘Anuraag’ (1972), ‘Charitreheen’(1974), ‘The Great Gambler’ (1979) etc.

It would also appear that Vrajendra Gaur had a close rapport with Dev Anand if one goes by the number of films, he wrote story/screenplay/dialogues in which Dev Anand was the lead actor. ), ‘Baarish’ (1957), ‘Jalli Notes’ (1960), ‘Manzil’ (1960), ‘Sarhad’ (1960), ‘ Baat Ek Raat Ki’ (1962 ‘Teen Devian’ (1965), ‘Pyaar Mohabbat’ (1966), ‘Duniya’ (1968), ‘Mahal’ (1970), ‘Warrant’ (1975) were some of the films he was associated with Dev Anand. From a photograph I saw on the net of the Udaipur location shooting, it appears that Vrajendra Gaur was initially associated with ‘Guide’ (1965). Chetan Anand, who was to direct the film, had to leave the assignment when he got approval for his film ‘Haqeeqat’ (1964). Probably, when Vijay Anand took over as a director, he started with a clean slate by writing afresh, the screen-play and dialogues for ‘Guide’ (1965).

Other successful films for which Vrajendra Gaur wrote dialogues were ‘Saraswatichandra’ (1968), ‘Sharmeelee’ (1971), Geet Gaata Chal’ (1975), ‘Dulhan Wahi Jo Piya Man Bhaaye’ (1977), ‘Akhiyon Ke Jharokhon Se’ (1978) etc.

[Note: Some of the information about early life of Vrajendra Gaur mentioned in the article are gathered from the Facebook page, ‘Vrajendra Gaur’.]

Vrajendra Gaur’s stature as a dialogue writer has been so impressive that his contribution as a lyricist seems to have remained in the sideline. He had to write songs during the early phase of his career as at that time his assignments as a dialogue writer were few. After going through some of the songs among 60 odd songs he wrote for a dozen films, mainly during 1945-55, I feel that his literary bend of mind is reflected in some of the songs. A few examples:

Song Movie (Year)
nain baan se karke ghaayal ‘Ratnavali’ (1945)
kiska saath nibhaaun ‘Gunjan’ (1948)
wo unka muskuraanaa sharmaanaa chaley jaana ‘Sangram’ (1950)
kabhi inko chaahen kabhi unko ‘Zalzala’ (1952)
wo meri taraf yoon chale aa rahe hain ‘Kaafila’ (1952)
main to haar gayi mann ‘Kasturi’ (1954)

Incidentally, lyricist Yogesh is the first cousin of Vrajendra Gaur.

To highlight Vrajendra Gaur also as a lyricist, I am presenting the only song he wrote for the film ‘Muqaddar’ (1950) out of 9 songs. The song is ‘tum mere paas raho mujhse kuchh baat kaho’ which is rendered by Shamshad Begum. During the making of the film, Khemchand Prakash, the music director for the film died. The songs were completed by his music assistant, Bhola Shreshta. The song is, therefore, accredited to Khemchand Prakash/Bhola Shreshta as the music directors.

A highlight of this song is that each antara of the song has been set in slightly different tune and pitch.

Audio Clip:

Song-Tum mere paas raho mujhse kuchh baat kaho (Muqaddar)(1950) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Vrajendra Gaur, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

meri duniya mein bahaaren hain
chaman aabaad hai
roothh jaaoge jo tum
to zindagi barbaad hai

tum mere paas raho
mujhse kuchh baat kaho
tum mere paas raho
mujhse kuchh baat kaho
ho ho ho…o
o o o o

maine tumko jo kabhi pyaar kiya dil se kiya
maine tumko jo kabhi pyaar kiya dil se kiya
tumne badle mein mujhe dard diya dil na diya
meri ulfat mein sitam dhha ke mujhe loot liya
loot liya aa
tum mere paas raho
mujhse kuchh baat kaho
ho ho ho…o
o o o o

bewafa bhool na jaana meri aahon ko kabhi
bewafa bhool na jaana meri aahon ko kabhi
mere liye tum jo nahin haay to phir to kuchh bhi nahi
mere liye tum jo nahin haay to phir to kuchh bhi nahi
mere sapnon ko sawera dikha ke loot liya
loot liya aa
tum mere paas raho
mujhse kuchh baat kaho
ho ho ho…o
o o o o

tumne samjha hi nahin meri mohabbat ko kabhi
tumne samjha hi nahin meri mohabbat ko kabhi
agar jo hukm ho to jaan bhi de doon abhi
agar jo hukm ho to jaan bhi de doon abhi
mujhe ulfat ka tamaasha bana ke loot liya
loot liya aa
tum mere paas raho
mujhse kuchh baat kaho
ho ho ho…o
o o o o o
ho ho ho…o
o o o o o
o o o


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4622 Post No. : 16269

Today’s song is from the film Iqrar-42. This was just one of the many films- coming out of Ranjit’s factory. It was like their emphasis was on churning out films in quantity. They were not much worried about the quality of the films, it would seem to the observer. As such the number of hit and successful films coming out of Ranjit was certainly not very high, unlike New Theatres, Bombay Talkies or Prabhat.

Of course, one knows that there is no formula for successful films. It is also true that A grade actors, well known composers and famous directors alone do not make a hit film. In my opinion, a strong storyline forms a base for good films. That coupled with either factors, enhances the chances of such films being successful at the box office.

In the early 30’s films from new Theatres became successful mainly because their films had strong storylines. Bombay Talkies films of the late 30s and early 40’s became successful due to fresh faces and simple music and songs. Prabhat films had a combination of strong story, social reform subjects and quality actors and directors, which made them successful.

A common thread for these companies was the total involvement of the owners in their business. This, precisely, was the weak point of companies like Sagar and Ranjit. Their owners got engaged in family problems and their Gambling habits. The first to go down was Sagar and Ranjit followed suit when Chandulal Shah lost more than a Crore of rupees in just one deal of ‘Satta’. That is a sad story, anyway.

In 1942, when the industry was having a great shake up, Ranjit had 6 films ready for release and 6 films on floors. You can imagine why Ranjit was called a ‘Factory’ ! Indian film industry has always been alive to the happenings in the country and reflects the national problems and important events in our films.1942 was an year when the II World War was on its peak and it had caused a severe food shortage in the world. Italy had made a silent film ‘Greed’ on this issue. Based on it.Mehboob Khan made a film , Roti’ in India. Mehboob was a socialist and a Nehruvian to the core and so his films like,Mother India or Son Of India were made on socialistic principles. In 1942,Ramchandra Thakur also directed one such film,’Gareeb’.

In India, the Congress had started its Quit India movement, but in our Film Industry it was a Quit studio movement. Many well known film artistes, directors, composers and other related staff moved over to new pastures. 1942, in a sense, became an overhauling of the Film industry with so much movement of people. The following activities changed the scenario to a great extent.

1. A group of disgruntled people in Bombay Talkies, comprising of Rai Bahadur Chunilal, Shashadhar mukherjee, Ashok Kumar, Sawak Vachha and few of their followers left Bombay Talkies, after disagreements with Devika Rani and formed their own outfit – Filmistan.
2. Mehboob Khan separated from National studios and established his own Mehboob Productions. This was also the time when Mehboob and Anil Biswas separated from each others due to some differences.
3. Abdul Rasheed Kardar established his own Kardar studios.
4. V.Shantaram, along with his team left Prabhat- an institution which he established and made a famous one by his directorial contribution. He first joined the Films division and then started his own Raj Kamal Kala Mandir.
5. Wadia Movietone split and the brothers separated. While JBH Wadia, the elder brother, wanted that their company should start making only Social films now, the younger Homi Wadia wanted to continue with Stunt and Action films. He started his own Basant Pictures. Wadia’s star performer Fearless Nadia went with Homi Wadia, whom she married yew years later.
6. Calcutta’s New Theatres started showing signs of disintegration and Debki Bose,P C Barua etc left the New Theatres. Debaki Bose made Apna Ghar’ in Bombay. K L Saigal left new Theatres to do films in Bombay . He did Ranjit’s Bhakta Surdas’ and ‘ Bhanwra’. He of course went back to Calcutta to do a few more films,before coming back to Bombay for Shahjehan and Pawana. He did not/could not go back to Calcutta,as he died after Parwana-47. Saigal, while recording song ‘ Nainheen ko raah dikha” in Bhakta Surdas, did 14 retakes in recordings. His younger brother Mohan Saigal acted as Shri Krishna in this film and he is heard saying” Surdas ji” in the song Nis Din barsat Nain hamare.
7. Composer Vasant Desai did his first independent film ” Shobha” as a Music Director.
8. C Ramchandra did his first Hindi film as a composer- Sukhi Jeevan.
9. Ninu Mujumdar became MD with the film Black Out.
10. Kamal Dasgupta started his Hindi career with film Jawab.
11. Lyricist Ramesh Gupta started with the film Awaz.
12. Lyricist Qamar Jalalabadi started with Zamindar
13. Suraiya entered the Playback with songs in Nai Duniya and Sharda.
14. Hemant Kumar sang his first Hindi song in the film Meenakshi-42.
15. Manna Dey first sang a Hindi song in film Tamanna.
16. Jagmohan Sursagar sang in the first Hindi film-Bhakta Kabir.
17. Nurjahan sang her first Hindi film songs in film Khandan-42, in Lahore.
18. Bharat Bhushan’s first film in a leading role was Bhakt Kabir
19. Madhubala started as Baby Mumtaz in film Basant

From Lahore Dalsukh Pancholi repeated his magic with ‘ Khandaan’-42. This time it was Noorjehan who shook the industry with her songs under Ghulam Haider. Films like Bhakt Kabir,Bhakta Surdas, and Bharat Milap kept the Mythology/religious films in limelight. new Theatres,prabhat,Bombay Talkies etc all brought excellent films in 1942. Barring Bhakta Surdas,Roti and Khandan,there was not much competition to Naushad’s Station Master-42 ,in music.Its music became quite popular and the film celebrated Silver Jubilee. Naushad tasted success for the first time in his career in 1942 and 2 of his 3 films in the year celebrated Silver Jubilees. The other film was Nai Duniya-42.

Let us take a look at some important films of 1942….

Film Barat had music by Ratanlal-brother of khemchand Prakash and he himself as Khemraj.

Film Basant- though it has the name of Pannalal Ghosh as MD, as per HFGK, all the songs were composed by Anil Biswas (because he was still under contract with National Studios) and Ghosh had only done Orchestration and background music.

Bhakta Kabir had music by Himangshu Dutt- the first title holder of ” Sursagar”.
Bhakta Surdas- Gyan Dutt gave 15 hit songs of Saigal and Khursheed. In this film Khursheed sang equally well with Saigal.

Bharat Milap- First film in which Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth did the roles of Shri Ram and Seeta, which made them famous all over India.

Chauranghee- the only Hindi film for which Kazi nasrul islam gave music and wrote songs too. It was his debut film. Also Debut for Hanuman prasad Sharma as Md and S.Fazli as Director.

Dus Baje- Debut of Baby Shakuntala.

Iqrar- Last film of actress Madhuri (Beryl Classen). Master Vithal-a professional singer from Sholapur sang his only song in a Hindi film.( not the actor)

Jawab- all songs popular, especially kanan devi’s ” Ye duniya Toofan mail”.

Khandan- Entry of Nur jahan, from Lahore. All her songs are popular.

Muqabala- First Talkie film with double role of Heroine- Nadia. Babhubhai Mistri’s magic in trick scenes.

Nai Duniya- Suraiya’s first song in Hindi film.

Roti- Begum Akhtar’s role and 6 songs.

Savera- First film of Arun Ahuja and Nirmala Devi.

Sharada- Naushad gives good songs.

Station Master- Hit film with songs.

Zamindar- Shanta Apte goes to Lahore all the way

All in all, the year 1942 was an eventful year for the industry. Indian audience enjoyed a variety of Genres in film offerings and a feast of Naushad’s songs, Bhajans and New artistes.

Film Iqrar-42 did not have lilting music or popular songs. It had the usual story of a Love Triangle around Madhuri, for whom this was her last film in the career. After this film she retired from films, got married and simply disappeared from public life. After 50 years, she was searched and discovered by an organisation, for a function to honour the Silent Era artistes – Madhuri and Jairaj. Film Iqrar-42 was directed by Manibhai Vyas and the cast was Madhuri, Motilal, Rama Shukul,Bhagwan Das, Tarabai and many others.

One more interesting actress in the cast was Tarabai. She is none other than the elder sister of famous dancer actress Sitara Devi. Born in 1905, Tara/ Tara Devi / Tarabai was a good dancer. She started film career with Silent films like Malti Madhav, Bambai ki sethani etc. She started Talkie films with Vasantsena-31. She played the role of Princess Octavia in the film Yahudi ki Ladki-33, along with K L Saigal.

She acted in many films like Shehar ka jadu-34, Savitri 37, Narsi Bhagat-40, Sasural -41. She acted in film Haiwaan-40, along with her two other actress sisters,namely Alaknanda and Sitara Devi. This may be the First Hindi film, in which 3 sisters played roles in one film.

It seems the mother of Alaknanda and Tara was different from that of Sitara, but the father was the same-Pt.Sukhdev. Alaknanda and Tara were not their real names. In fact, the real name of Tara/Tarabai was Triveni.

She married co-star Marutirao Pehelwan, left films and they settled in Dhule,in Maharashtra. They started a Dairy business. Their son was the famous dancer Gopi Krishna. Marutirao was already married, still Tara married him. His surname was Gawali (Milkman).

Soon they separated and Tara married a small businessman Sonthalia from Calcutta. We do not know why, but Tarabai returned to Bombay and started working in films. But now she was reduced to a Junior Artiste (Extra) and got only negligible roles. She lived in Bandra slum. There is no information about her after this.

Her son Gopi Krishna (real name Gopal )stayed with his maternal Grandfather, Pt. Sukhdev, who trained him in Dancing. Gopikrishna came to Bombay, with the name Gopikrishna Sonthaliya and stayed with Sitara Devi, but he was soon thrown out. He spent bad days,staying in chawl etc, before he became famous as a Choreographer and actor. ( some new information from RMIM forum, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by one Master Vithal of Sholapur. His real name was Vithal Channa. He used to sing Saigal’s songs and did many mehfils privately, to earn a living. This is his only song in a Hindi film. With this song he makes a Debut on this Blog, with all his songs covered !


Song- Aankhon mein paani kis liye zindagani kis liye (Iqraar)(1942) Singer- Master Vithal of Sholapur, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Aankhon mein paani ee ee
kis liye ae ae
zindagaani ee
kis liye
Aankhon mein paani ee ee
kis liye ae ae
zindagaani ee
kis liye

hans hans ke rulaane ke
hans hans ke rulaane ke
ro ro ke hansaane ke
ro ro ke hansaane ke
mil mil ke bichhohne ke ae ae
mil mil ke bichhohne ke ae ae
ban ban ke bigadne ke
ban ban ke bigadne ke
ye sapne kahaani kis liye
ye sapne kahaani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye
aankhon mein paani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye
aankhon mein paani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4584 Post No. : 16202

Today’s song is from the film Bhanwara-1944.

It was a Saigal film. I had no chance to write about a song from any Saigal film, because there were better people to write on Saigal. Who can forget the efforts taken by Atul ji and Sudhir ji in ensuring that possibly all available Film and Non Film songs of Saigal are discussed and archived in this Blog. It is sheerly by coincidence that I am writing on a song from a Saigal film, because it is not sung by Saigal and it was till now, not available on YouTube.

K.L.Saigal ( 11-4-1904 to 18-1-1947) started his film career with Film Muhabbat ke aansoo-32. His first Heroine was Akhtari Moradabadi in this film. Surprisingly, the local newspapers had hailed her songs in the film but totally ignored Saigal. Later, she moved to Burma, joined the British Imperial film company and acted in some of their films. His second Heroine was Mehzabeen, in the film Zinda Laash-32. His next Heroine was Rattan Bai in the film Subah ka Tara-32. Radha Rani was his Heroine in the film Yahudi ki Ladki-33. However Saigal got recognition and praise for his songs, first time, in the film Pooran Bhagat-1933. Here , his Heroine was Anwari bai. I mentioned about Saigal’s early Heroines because they are never in the limelight, when Saigal is discussed. They remained in the dark all the time.

Out of huis 27 films, he did 20 films in Calcutta, mostly with New Theatres. The last 7 films were done in Bombay. He was invited by Ranjit Studios to come to Bombay to do films with them. They offered him a very lucrativeamount of Rs. One lakh per film, with other perks. Due to this and the disturbed conditions and Ego tussles in New Theatres, Saigal shifted to Bombay. As it is, many of his friends like Kidar Sharma, Prithwiraj kapoor, K.N.Sing etc had already shifted to Bombay.

The film Tansen-43, by Ranjit, was completed well before time and stii 9 days were remaining from his contract. The business mind of Chandulal Shah would not let go this waste. He requested Kidar Sharmas to make a Quicky, in which Saigal’s part shooting would finish in the 9 vacant days. Kidar Sharma immediately wrote a script, approved by Ranjit and film Bhanwara was made in a short period.

Bhanwara was a Comedy filmSaigal had no experience of a Comedy film work, but the deft direction of kidar Sharma made film Bhanwara a grand success. The cast of the film was Saigal, Arunkumar Ahuja, Kamla Chatterjee ( Kidar Sharma’s wife), Monica Desai ( actress Leela Desai’s younger sister and director Phani Mujumdar’s wife), Lala Yaqub, Brijmala and others. Here is a short Synopsis of the story of film Bhanwara-44.

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

In this film, Arunkumar Ahuja was the second hero he was the father of popular Hindi film hero Govind, who was active during 1986 to 2000 period. Arun Ahuja’s real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja, a Sikh, born on 26-1-1918 at Gujaranwala (now in Pakistan). After the school education, he joined Mughalpura Engineering college and secured an Engineer’s degree in 1937. During his college life he had won the Best Football player of the year award. Mehboob Khan was on a Talent Hunt in Lahore. From among the 100 and odd candidates, his choice fell on the well built, athletic, dashing and handsome Gulshan. He was selected and brought to Bombay to act in film Ek hi rasta-39, with a screen name of Arun Ahuja. He was variously billed as Aroon, Arun, Aroon Kumar, Arun Ahuja etc.

His first film was an outstandingly successful hit film. Arun got roles in Bhole Bhale-39 and Civil Marriage-40. Later Mehboob Khan took him for film Aurat 40, which he directed for National Studios. The versatile actor acted in over 25 films in 6 years, some of his films were Kanchan, Holiday in Bombay, Beti, Nurse, Savera, Return of Toofan Mail, Shankar Parvati, Andhera, Bharthari, Caravan, Amrapali etc. From 1945 onwards he became a Free lancer.

During the film Savera-42, he fell in love with his co-star – Nirmala. They got married on 5-5-1945. After marriage Nirmala (7-6-1928 to 15-6- 1996) completed 4 pending films and stopped working. Her last film Sudhar was released in 1949. In this film also she paired with Arun. Thus her last film also had her life partner. She acted in only 12 films, but she sang 63 songs in 23 films.

Arun Ahuja was in demand. He continued working in films. He set up his own production company – Arun Productions and he produced 2 films. One film Sehra was released in 1948, but the other film ” Jo hai saajan” remained unreleased for some reasons. Film Sehra was also a huge flop. Arun suffered heavy losses. He tried to work in films to compensate it, but now due to competition from new stars, new films were slow to come, so he did not get many films. His last film was Aulad-54. He had to sell all his property, bungalow, cars and jewellery. He shifted from his bungalow in Bandra to a chawl in far off suburb Virar, with his family, in 1962. Here his last son Govinda was born in 1963.

His health deteriorated. Nirmala decided to revive her singing, to help the financial difficulties of the family. Composer A R Qureshi arranged her stage programme in Calcutta. It went off with tremendous success and offers started pouring in. She became famous as a Thumri singer. She did many jalsas in India and abroad. Their financial position improved. Their son Govinda also became a big star. He bought a house in Juhu and the family shifted to Juhu for the sake of convenience. However, Arun Ahuja continued to stay in Virar. He did not shift to Juhu.

Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998, two years after his dear wife’s death on 15-6-1996.

The film Bhanwara-44 had 11 songs. Today’s song is the 10th song to be posted here. It is sung by Arunkumar (Mukherjee), it was lip synched by Arunkumar (Ahuja) on the screen and Arunkumar (Deshmukh) has written about this song here ! What a coincidence !!


Song-Ye to Malaria hai Muhabbat nahin huzoor (Bhanwra)(1944) Singer- Arunkumar Mukherjee, Lyricist-Kedar Sharma, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
muhabbat nahin huzoor
kaanpenge
kaanpenge haath paanv to
dhadkega dil zaroor
kaanpenge haath paanv to
dhadkega dil zaroor
dhadkega dil zaroor
Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
muhabbat nahin huzoor

ye hai bukhaar sap pe
?? sawaar
?? sawaar
aur haddiyaan
aur haddiyaan huzoor ki
kar dega choor choor
aur haddiyaan huzoor ki
kar dega choor choor
kar dega choor choor
Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
muhabbat nahin huzoor

honthon pe khoon ye ae ??
machchar se kam nahin
machchar se kam nahin
o jisko jahaan parhez rahe
inse door door
o jisko jahaan parhez rahe
inse door door
rahe inse door door
Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
muhabbat nahin huzoor

jannat milegi aap ko o o
jannat milegi aap ko
ab haspataal mein
ab haspataal mein
har nurse jab ke saamne aayegi ban ke hoor
har nurse jab ke saamne aayegi ban ke hoor
aayegi ban ke hoor
Ye to malaria hai
muhabbat nahin huzoor
muhabbat nahin huzoor
huzoor


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4397 Post No. : 15773

In Memory of Meena Kumari :

Mehjabeen Bano, who gained name, fame and huge popularity as Meena Kumari, was born on 1st August 1932. Child artist, tragedy queen, poet and singer, are the various attributes to her name. Had she lived to see this day, she would have been 88 today i.e. the two fat ladies of housie. Really, she was just 40 when she left this world, her temporary abode.

Honestly, I have not seen many of her movies. Some of the earlier movies like “Sahib Bibi aur Ghulam” and “Chiraag kahan aur roshni kahan” I have seen on TV longback. The unforgettable “Dil Apna aur preet praayi” and “Ghazal”, “Kaajal” , “Mere apne” and “Bahu Begum” also on TV. “Pakeeza” is the only film I have seen on the big screen and revisited in recent times. The songs of ‘Pakeeza” are embedded in mind from early childhood, even before I am conscious of listening to radio.

I belong to a family of film buffs, and the only family outings known to my parents and their brothers and sisters was going to watch movies in Theatre. Discussing about the film stars and their lives and their movies was a favourite pastime of all of them. Emphasis has always been on education, doing well in studies, but watching movies was dangled as a prize in front of us while in school. But none of them bought Records or record players as far as I know. I had not seen a record player in my life or touched one till I was in college. One of my college friend’s father had one. That was one L-P record player, kept in his room, alongwith all his prized possessions of school and college days. That was a separate room, a little far from their house where the family lived. So when exams were near and I would go to the friends place and she will take me to that room, where no one would disturb us and it was a quite place. It was in a chawl system, and that room was kept separate and maintained to be used as guest room as and when need arose. So that was my actual ‘darshan’ of a record player. We played some records available on the player sometime. Afraid of damaging it, we left it alone mostly. I recall only one or two names of those records, one of them was ‘Nasbandi” and other may have been “Dastak”.

Then there is the childhood memory of Pakeeza songs. Usually on a Sunday, one of the nieghbours on the floor above us, who had ‘ishq’ with Pakeeza songs, he would play it in on his record player. That sound has never gone away from the consciousness. Right from ‘inhi logon ne’ to ‘thhaare rahiyo’ to “chalte chalte”. Childhood impressions are very strong, there is no denying that. My knowledge of the Gujarati language also belong to the same period. Terms like “advanu nathi” (don’t touch) and “saras chhe” (Its nice) were never forgotten. It was in the BEST officers quarters, so even if we shifted houses, we were in the same building and nieghbours. The kids all played and grew up together even studied together. But we kids would never go to their house as that aunty was a stickler for neatness and cleanliness of the house and the uncle was a disciplinarian sort of person. So that explains why I never actually saw the record player that played “Pakeeza“ songs most Sundays. Let me make it clear that only the songs of Pakeeza were heard from the house and nothing else. Explains the “Ishq” of Pakeeza songs.

Now of course the record playing era is also over. Youtube is, the be all and the serve all for people like me. Meena Kumari, for me is always about her urdu diction and that voice full of emotions. Some of the material read in urdu magazine’s about her is surfacing in the mind. Like someone saying that she was the most beautiful of all the female artists of her time. Meaning, more beautiful than Madhu Bala ? it is difficult to digest. But her voice and diction is the instantly recognizable feature of her persona and more appealing than her beauty, for my generation.

So I found this song of the film “Tamasha” to post on this occasion. I was put up for this post by Peevicie’s Mom. She acted as a prompt or the catalyst for this writeup. The song is a solo of Lata Mangeshkar, picturised on Meena Kumari. Lyricist is Bharat Vyas. The music composer include Manna dey with Khemchand Prakash. It is not clear whether they composed the songs as a team or separately.

The films cast includes Dev Anand, Ashok Kumar and Kishore Kumar.

I will conclude with a factual impression about Meena Kumari, that she was like a rare flower. It bloomed fascinatingly for a long while, but could not deal with its own beauty and frailty. So it wilted fast in neglect of its soul as the real beauty was in the soul.

Hazaaron saal nargis apni be-noori pe roti hai
Tab kahin jaa ke hota hai chaman mein koyi deedawar paida…..


Song-Bhool sakey na ham tumhen aur tum to jaa ke bhool gaye (Tamaasha)(1952) Singer-Lata Mangeshkar, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-Khemchand Prakash-Manna Dey

Lyrics

Kyun Ankhiyaan bhar aayin een
kyun Phir koyi yaad aaya aaa
Aaaa aaaa
Kyun Ankhiyaan bhar aayin

Bhool sakey na ham tumhen
Aur tum to jaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen
Aur tum to jaa ke bhool gaye ae
Ro ro ke kehta hai dil
kyun dil ko lagaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen

Bewafaa
Ye kya kiyaa aa aa aa aa
Bewafaa aa
Ye kya kiyaa aa
Dil ke badle gham diyaa
Muskuraayi thhi ghadi bhar
Raat din ab roun piyaa aa
Ek pal ab chain na miley
Tum jhalak dikhaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen
Aur tum to jaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen

Kaun si thhi bairan ghadi wo
Jab ke tujh se uljhe nayan
Kaun si thhi bairan ghadi wo
Jab ke tujh se uljhe nayan
Sukh ke meethhe jhoole mein rum jhum
Jhoom uthhaa thhaa paagal sa mann
Din sunehre raatein rupehli ee eee
Tum mile main huyi magan
Aankh khuli to
Maine dekhaa
Dekhaa thhaa ek jhoothha sapan
Sapnon ke sansaar mein
Mera mann bharmaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen
Aur tum to jaa ke bhool gaye ae
Bhool sakey na ham tumhen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4389 Post No. : 15751 Movie Count :

4342

The job of writing on old films and music is not an easy one, as many people may be thinking. Normally, such information is not available at one place and even if it is, the same has to be cross verified by other documents or proofs of some kind. There are many books available on these topics, but just having a book and copying from it has its own dangers. The danger to your credibility is one and misleading information is another one. I am of the firm opinion that no book on these subjects is without any errors. Every book contains incomplete information – including my own book !

After a gap of 40 years, when I again turned to old films and music and started making comments based on my notes of many years and writing articles, I quickly realised that some of my information had become old, outdated and newer evidence had emerged to prove matters differently. Secondly, as I started collecting and reading several books, I got a different perspective to what I knew. New facts had been unearthed and established myths had been busted. I also realised that a major menace of ‘Same Name Artistes’ was causing a lot of miscrediting, misinformation and injustice was being done to real performers.

As a challenge, I started work on this project and in the last 5-6 years, I dug out credible, indisputable information on at least 35 such cases- involving about 80 old artistes, comprising Actors, Singers, Composers, Directors etc. From what I read on the internet, this project has helped film historians and is quoted by them in their works. Recently, when I visited another well known Blog on old films and music, I was pleasantly surprised when I read a comment from a reader, ” I believe Arun ji, more than what any site says”. I treat this as a certificate of credibility.

In the initial years like 2011 and 2012, some of the comments I made on this and other Blogs and sites are no more valid, because new evidence had emerged and today those comments seem to be totally wrong. But then History, be it of any subject, always gets updated as new evidence, documents, Interviews, Old books, Magazine articles, Newspaper posts etc. emerge and some old bits of information get a changeover. I will give just one example.

In 2011, I had said somewhere,” C Ramchandra and Vasant Desai gave music together to 3 films, under the name of Vasant Ramchandra” and it was accepted. However when a new book was published on Vasant Pawar, Music Director, it became known that he and Ramchandra Wadhavkar-another MD made a pair as Vasant-Ramchandra and gave music to 3 films. This was confirmed in the biography of Datta Dharmadhikari-the director of these films. This way, the earlier belief was proved incorrect and matters became clear and my statement became wrong.

Many such riddles were solved when new evidence cropped up or dug out. Riddles like
1. Who sang ‘ Dilli se aya bhai Tingu’
2. Who sang ‘ Bharat ki ek sannari ki…’
3. Who actually sang songs from the film ‘ Ummeed-41’ as Noorjehan…
4. Who directed films Pariwar-56 and ‘ Apradhi Kaun-57’
and many more riddles were solved when new information came out.

Dedicated workers in this field have done a great job and enriched the old films history. Information on unknown or less known artistes came to light. This is an ongoing process. Those who write on old films and music were not living in that era, so they have to depend on available information in books and other documents. The advent of the internet too has helped, but at times it also spreads wrong or incomplete information. Thus some famous sites too have become doubtful providers of information. Enthusiasts with half knowledge are a headache because they write without checking or corroborating. They simply copy from somewhere – many times out of context. I have kept my policy- ” Never write anything, which you can not defend “.

Why I am writing all this is just to emphasize the value of credibility of what we write. Readers must understand that gaining credibility requires hard work and investment in time. Fortunately, this Blog is famous for providing information which is tested and credible. This Blog is highly respected in the Cyber world of old films and music.

Today’s song is from an obscure film Khilauna-42. It was the first film made by Amar Pictures, which came into being when National Studios was closed. National itself started when Sagar Movietone merged into it. The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. He was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.

At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the Tamil film “Harishchandra” left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a Newsreel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head.

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The cast of the film “Khilauna”(1942) was Snehprabha Pradhan, Jairaj, Prabha, Satish, Kanhaiyalal, Pratima Devi, Nagendra and others. Prabha and Nagendra may be new names for most people. Prabha Rajpal was from a respectable Hindu family of Punjab. She was born on 6-6-2015 at Ludhiana. Her father Rajpal was a high ranking government officer based at Lahore. All her education was done in Lahore. She was fluent in Urtdu, Hindi, punjabi and English.

Right from childhood, she was keen on working in films. Being an orthodox family, there was opposition, but despite all this she entered films and her first film was Jung Bahadur aka DareDevil-1935. After doing some films like Dilawar-36, Awakening-36, she left Bhavnani camp and worked in Minerva’s film Atma Tarang-37 as a Heroine opposite Sohrab Modi. She was very beautiful. Then she joined Sagar and worked in films like Gramophone singer-38, ladies only-39, Civil marriage-40. Later she became a freelancer.

In all she worked in 36 films in her career. She got married to a Cinematographer Virender Ahuja and settled down after the film Veerangana-47.
When her husband was one of the producers, she worked in film Shrimati ji-52 and then retired from films.
(Ack; Filmdom, Film Directory, CITWF, HFGK and my notes).

Nagendra Majumdar was the father of Music Director Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar. Nagendra was born in a happy family in the year 1894 in Bombay. After his father died, “Pearl Dairy” established by his father ran very well doing good business. Suddenly, Nagendra’s wife fell seriously ill and despite taking her full care, she expired. Due to neglect of the Dairy in this period, Dairy also closed down.

He shifted to Baroda and worked as a State Police Inspector.Later he worked as Watch and Ward Inspector in Baroda Railways. He left the job and started working as a hero in dramas of famous dramatist R.V.Desai. Heeralal, the owner of Laxmi Film Company, Bombay was impressed with his personality and took him to Bombay in 1926 to act in his silent films. Thus started his film career. In those days Silent films used to be completed within a month. He worked as a Hero in films of Laxmi, Jagdish and Imperial film companies.

In the same year, he directed a film ‘Paani mein aag’-1926, made by Royal Arts. Then came two more films made by Kaiser E Hind films. He also directed films for other companies. In all, he directed 15 Silent films by 1932. By then the Talkie had arrived. In the next 14 years he directed 12 Talkie films like – Ras Vilas-32, Sassi Punnu-32, Patit Pawan-33, mirza Sahibaan-33, Mera Imaan-34, Kala Wagh-34, Rangila nawab-35, Kimiyagar-36, Aaj ka Alladin aka Alladin II-36, Lehri lutera-37, Talwarwala-46 and Swadesh Sewa-46.

When offers for direction became few, he started acting in films. He acted in 12 films. When K L Saigal came to Bombay, Nagendra wanted to work with him. In the film Tansen-43, he did the role of Tansen’s (Saigal’s) father and he was very happy. Other films that he acted in were Kanchan-41,Beti-41, Khilauna-42, Bhakt Surdas-42, Armaan-42, Tansen-43, Gauri-43, Adab Arz-43, Bharthari-44, Prabhu ka Ghar-45, Ghazal-45 and Dhanna Bhagat-45.

His last 2 films came in 1946, but his health was not cooperating for quite a few years. He gave up work and took a rest. However, he suffered from paralysis and died on 22-8-1951. His son Ninu Majumdar worked in Bombay A.I.R. as head of Gujarati programmes, since 1937. By the time Nagendra died, Ninu had already started working as a Music Director.

As a Director, Nagendra had worked with the best of his times like, Master Vithal, Zubeida, Jillo, Billimorea brothers, Madhuri, Navinchandra, Durga Khote, Jairaj, Sultana, Noorjehan sr and such luminaries of those days. He had worked for Ranjit, Imperial, Sharda, Lakshmi, Jayant Desai films, Yagnik films etc etc.
( Information for this, is collated from various sources like Listener’s Bulletins No. 40 of Feb-80 and No.145 of July 2010, HFGK, muVyz, Sapnon ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Silent films by Dr.Verma, Lost Treasures by Kamlakar P. and my notes.)

Film Khilauna-42 was based on the Gujarati story by Vaju Kotak. Screenplay and dialogues were by R S Chaudhari. The film was released on 21-3-1942 at Royal opera House, Bombay. It did average business at the box office. The film’s review came in the Film India issue of May 1942. Baburao Patel did not have a good opinion about the film’s direction, but he praised Snehaprabha’s acting along with Prabha. The film’s story was about a jobless artiste and a homeless girl. The love story had some complications but the end , as expected, was happy. The film had 10 songs and today’s song is its best song, according to me.


Song-Nazron ke khel khele koi kis tarah akele (Khilauna)(1942) Singers- Khan Mastana, Snehprabha Pradhan, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Dil unko dhoondhta hai
Hum dil ko dhoondhte ae ae hain
manzil ke paas donon manzil ko dhoondhte hain

nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele

??
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele

lut gayi main to soch lo
lut gayi main to soch lo

lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay

chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ek musaafir aaye
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
tanman mein ??

tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day:

4348 Post No. : 15660

Songs Repeated in Hindi Films – 19
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Even this one – you might say. Aah yes, even this one. 🙂

This song from ‘Mahal’ in 1949, probably has the most recognized prelude across the entire history of Hindi Film Song. It has become the signature song of the earlier decades of Hindi cinema. No representative selection of Lata ji’s songs would ever be considered complete without it.

The all too familiar picturization – the girl on the swing then the empty swing, the lonely boat in the river, the stunningly beautiful features of Kamini (Madhubala) – the song and its images are now an unforgettable montage. There is a whole traditional lore that now accompanies this song, which has achieved a cult status over the decades.

‘Kadambari’ from 1975, is delicate love story of young hearts which has some unconventional twists to it. The film is based on the novel ‘Dharti Sagar te Sippiyan’ written by Amrita Pritam. The film is produced under the banner of Madhu Creation Picture Pvt Ltd, Bombay and is directed by HK Verma. The star cast lis listed as Shabana Azmi, Vijay Arora, Arpana Choudhary, Jeet Surendra, Ajeet Singh, Mona, Jugnu, Chand Usmani, and V Gopal etc.

The film has two songs. One is written by Amrita Pritam herself –“Ambar Ki Ek Paak Suraahi, Baadal Ka Ek Jaam Uthaakar”, composed by Ustad Vilayat Khan and sung by Asha Bhosle, and the second one is “Kyon Hum Tum Rahen Akele”, written by Geetanjali Singh and is composed and sung by Ajeet Singh.

As per the official listings, that is all the songs in this film. In fact both the songs are already present on our blog and in that sense the film is already yippeee’d.

But wait, here is the surprise that was mentioned in a message early morning today. The film carries this iconic song – a repeat version, which in of itself, has a significant importance. The song is not reused in its original form. It has been re-recorded in the voice of Kavita Krishnamurty, and reused in this film. The important point here is that this is the debut recording of a film song by Kavita Krishnamurty in Hindi films – her first song. And she gets to re-render this classic masterpiece.

The song appears in the film in two parts. One stanza is performed close to the beginning of the film. The occasion is the birthday party of Chetna (Shabana Azmi). A very close and dear friend, Amit (Vijay Arora) is still awaited to join. In this mood, Chetna sings one stanza of this song – “Deepak Bagair Kaise Parwaane Jal Rahe Hain“.

The second stanza – “Bhatki Huyi Jawaani. . .” appears sometime before the end of the film. This stanza appears in the background. The situation is that a chance meeting happens between Chetna and Sheetal (Aparna Chaudhry) after many years. Both are in passing through difficult time in life, both are single and both are awaiting the men they love to return to them. Sheetal is in love with Sudhir (Jeet Surendra), who is the brother of Chetna.

As Chetna departs from Sheetal’s home, the song starts to play, with the visual cutting back and forth between Sheetal at home, with paintbrush and canvas, and Chetna in a three wheeler heading back to her home. “Maanjhi Bagair Naiya Saahil Ko Dhoondhti Hai” – the two friends are like directionless boats at sea, searching for the shores.

A brief summary of the storyline,

Chetna and Amit are childhood friends, and are in love. Amit has a past that he once reveals to Chetna – that he is an illegitimate child. His mother was a victim of a violent assault, and the man responsible neither did own up, nor accepted the lady. Amit’s mother (Chand Usmani) single handedly brings up Amit and educates him to be a doctor. Amit reveals that he has such a reverence for his mother that he has taken a vow never to marry, not sure how the prospective addition to the family would treat his mother and whether she would understand the painful past in the family.

To Chetna it becomes clear that Amit will not marry. She is heartbroken, but then she promises herself she will never pursue him for matrimony. An interlude happens in between, and Chetna is now carrying Amit’s child. She hides this fact from everyone, including Amit, moves to Bombay from Delhi on the pretext of a job, stays there for a couple of years, has the child and then returns home with a story about an unfortunate family where the parents passed away leaving behind this newborn child. So she has adopted the child.

The parallel love saga of Sheetal and Sudhir is also not working out well, and the two are not seeing each other. Both are in pain, but both are restraining. Chetna meets with Sheetal and talks with her to coax her back and rebuild the relationship with Sudhir.

In the meantime, Chetna and Amit are also back to their normal exchanges. Amit’s mother, who has always liked Chetna, starts to help with taking care of the child. Some observations, some exchanges, something about the child and Amit’s mother comes to realize that the child’s father is Amit, her son. Situations progress to an amiable juncture where this fact gets revealed and is accepted by everybody. Both couples are back together once again.

It is a sensitively handled drama of love. There are no emotional overplays in the film. Every situation is underplayed and intelligently handled. Love stories are not always dependent on villains and stern parents to play out their saga. In some cases, it is the protagonists themselves who provide the interesting and unexpected turns to the story. ‘Kadambari’ is one such story.

The reuse of the two stanzas of this song are also very imaginative and very appropriately linked into the specific situations and story flow.

And yes, by the way, as per the ten year challenge chart published early morning today, ‘Kadambari’ made its debut 10 years ago today. Quite appropriately, we bring on this post, and add the repeat song to the list of songs of this film on our blog. The song has been suggested to me by Dear Avinash ji, who has also sent us both the set of lyrics – in Hindi and English.

A mysterious and dreary night of a palace from 1949 got transformed into a birthday party at a middle class home in Delhi in 1975. Watch, listen and enjoy.

 

Song – Aayega Aayega. . . Aayega Aanewaala  (Kadambari) (1975) Singer – Kavita Krishnamurty, Lyrics – Nakshab Jarchavi, MD – Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Part I

aayegaaaa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aanewaalaa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa

aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aanewaalaa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa

deepak bagair kaise
parwaane jal rahe hain
deepak bagair kaise
parwaane jal rahe hain
koi nahin chalaata
aur teer chal rahe hain
koyi nahin chalaata aa
aur teer chal rahe hain
tadpega koi kab tak
be-aas be-sahaare ae
tadpega koi kab tak
be-aas be-sahaare
ye kah rahe hain mujhse
dil ke mere ishaare
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aanewaalaa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa

Part II

bhatki hui jawaani
manzil ko dhoondhti hai
bhatki hui jawaani
manzil ko dhoondhti hai
maanjhi bagair naiya
saahil ko dhoondhti hai
maanjhi bagair naiya
saahil ko dhoondhti hai
kya jaane dil ki kashti
kab tak lagey kinaare
kya jaane dil ki kashti
kab tak lagey kinaare
lekin ye keh rahe hain
dil ke mere ishaare
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aanewaalaa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa
aayegaa aa

—————————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
—————————————————–

भाग I

आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आनेवाला
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ

आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आनेवाला
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ

दीपक बगैर कैसे
परवाने जल रहे हैं
दीपक बगैर कैसे
परवाने जल रहे हैं
कोई नहीं चलाता
और तीर चल रहे हैं
कोई नहीं चलाता
और तीर चल रहे हैं
तडपेगा कोई कब तक
बे-आस बे-सहारे
तडपेगा कोई कब तक
बे-आस बे-सहारे
ये कह रहे हैं मुझसे
दिल के मेरे इशारे
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आनेवाला
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ

भाग II
भटकी हुई जवानी
मंज़िल को ढूंढती है
भटकी हुई जवानी
मंज़िल को ढूंढती है
मांझी बगैर नैया
साहिल को ढूंढती है
मांझी बगैर नैया
साहिल को ढूंढती है
क्या जाने दिल की कश्ती
कब तक लगे किनारे
क्या जाने दिल की कश्ती
कब तक लगे किनारे
लेकिन ये कह रहे हैं
दिल के मेरे इशारे
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आनेवाला
आएगा आ
आएगा आ
आएगा आ


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4252 Post No. : 15472

“Bhanwra”(1944) was a comedy movie that was well received during its time.

Mr Arunkumar Deshmukh, our in-house encyclopaedia on HFM related information has this to say about this movie:-

Bhanwara-44 was a story of two friends- Pancham (Saigal) and Rikhab (Arunkumar Ahuja), who come to Bombay in search of employment. The chawl where they stay,in single room tenements, has a pair of sisters, Indu(Monica) and Bindu(Kamla Chaterji). Indu happens to work as a teacher in the same place where Pancham is working as a Music and singing teacher. They fall in love. His friend Rikhab loves Bindu but is too shy to express his love. In this, he is assisted by his neighbour friend Pehelwan (Lala Yaqub). With his help, Rikhab develops a great body and finally wooes his ladylove. At the end, both the couples unite happily. The film was full of comic sequences, particularly with Arun Ahuja and Bindu. All in all, it was a hilarious movie.

Here is a rare song from “Bhanwra”(1944). The song is sung by Amir bai Karnataki. Swami Ramanand is the lyricist. Music is composed by Khemchand Prakash.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturization of this song.


Song-Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale (Bhanwra)(1944) Singer-Amirbai Karnataki, Lyrics-Swami Ramanand, MD-Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
sooni hai tujh bin man ki nagariya
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
aa ke ise tu basa aa aa
aa ke ise tu basa
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
badli ke aanchal mein jaise hon taare
taare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
palkon mein aise jo rehna ho pyaare
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
aankhon mein loongi chhupaaye
Duniya ki aankhon se sharmaane waale
chhaaon ki badli mein chhup chhup ke aa
chhup chhup ke aa

do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani
do pal ke din hain
rut hai suhaani suhaani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
yaad se aaye hain aankhon mein paani
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula aa
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula
itna na hamko rula


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4164 Post No. : 15336 Movie Count :

4226

Today’s song is from a film called Chiragh-43. This Social film was made by Murli Movietone and was directed by Ram Daryani. MD was Khemchand Prakash. Songs were written by D N Madhok, Wali Saheb and Pt.Indra. 8 singers were used for 11 songs. The cast of the film was Ishwarlal,Kaushalya, Veena Kumari, Gope, Majeed, Gulab and others.

Today, we will discuss a fresh case of ” Same Name Confusion “. In my first book, released last year, I had clarified about 56 artistes coming under the SNC category. In the last one and half year I have discussed 14 such new artistes and including today’s case, it will be 16 artistes. The total comes to 72 and surprisingly there are 36 Males and 36 female artistes in this group, so far. However, I feel, as the time passes by, there are still few more cases yet to come to light and that, finally in this, the females will outnumber the males in numbers.

One of the reasons for this could be that in the early era, actresses came from Muslim Tawayef families or even poor families. In such families, the girls’ names were pretty common – like Nurjahan, Zubeida, Khurshid, Naseem or Shameem etc. Those who came first in films kept their original names, others had to change their names. But even then, the limited stock of names created problems. For example, Khursheed Akhtar changed her name to Shyama, but there were already 2 Shyamas working in films. One more example was today’s case. Originally Nurjahan, changed name to Veena Kumari, but there was another Veena working in films.

The trouble with same names is when you want to write about them, their Filmography is mixed up. Secondly, most sites, blogs and Fb pages invariably mix up even their Bio data, in addition to Filmography. My B.P. goes up when I see this . Whenever possible, I try and give explanation to make corrections, but every time it is not possible. Further they quote from sites like Wiki and IMDB, who are the major culprits in creating, sustaining and nurturing the same name confusions.

Anyway, let us now see who this Veena Kumari was. Her original name was Nurjahan. Her father was a landlord in Lucknow. She was born in 1916. As per customs of those times, she never went to school, but being well to do, got private tutors and she learnt Urdu and English sufficiently to read and speak. She was a typical good looking girl. She was very fond of seeing silent films, with her father. When the Talkie films started, her interest grew much more and she decided to join films. She was a natural good singer too and this helped her getting into films.

Her first film was Inteqam-33, where she worked without any fees. Here she was credited with her real name Nurjahan. In the 1939 film Swastik, made by Mohan Pictures, she became Veena kumari-heroine of Jeevan. She continued working in films like Radhika,Asra and Kasauti- all 1941, Gharib and Zevar in 42, pratigya, masterjee and Chiragh in 43, Mujrim-44, Gunjan and Shauhar in 48. Shauhar was made by her own banner-Dil-Sitan arts. The film was directed by her. Her last film was Basera-50. She sang 22 songs in 7 films. She was quite good in singing. When you will hear her today’s song, you will agree with me.

Now let us see what proves they were 2 different persons. Firstly, Veena Kumari started her career much earlier than Veena. Secondly, Veena started acting in Punjabi films in 1941 only and then came to Bombay for film Yaad-42, Najma-43,Rajputani-44, Humayun-45 etc. Thirdly, Veena kumari was a B grade actress and her films were made by smaller banners, whereas, from the beginning, Veena was in Big league of Mazhar khan, Ranjit, Mehboob, Kardar, K.Asif, Minerva etc. Fourthly, Veena kumari stopped working in 1950, while Veena continued till 1983. The most important point was, Veena could not sing, whereas Veena kumari sang 22 songs in 7 films. All this clearly separates them as different actresses.

Veena acted in about 100 films in her 40 years’ career. Her Biodata is available freely on Internet as well as on this Blog. So much for the Same Name Confusion in this case.

Film Chiraagh was directed by Ram Daryani. His life story is very interesting. Ram Daryani was born on 6-12-1915, at Hyderabad, Sindh Province (now in Pakistan). His early education was done in Sindh and for college education he came to Karachi. Due to intense desire of being in film world, he left studies and joined Eastern Art Production and assisted Moti Gidwani in direction of film Insan ya Shaitan-33. But due to family pressure he had to rejoin college. After some time he again left college for good and started working as assistant director for films Prem Pariksha-34 with G R Sethi, Bharat ki Beti-35 with Premankur Attorthy and Yasmin-35 with H K Shivdasani.

He got his first chance to independently direct the film Baal Hatya aka Khoon E Nahak-35. In the year 1936, he floated his own company Daryani productions and directed films like Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Murty-36 and Gentleman Daaku-37, for which his brother K S Daryani wrote the stories. In 1938, brother K S Daryani started Krishna Movietone. Ram Daryani closed his company Daryani productions and directed film Zamana-38 for krishna Movietone. The film became a Hit and his name became famous.

He worked for Murli Movietone to direct films like Pyas-41, which celebrated Silver jubilee. His other films were Qurbani-43, Preet-45, Panna Dai-45 and Shravan kumar-46. In all, Ram Daryani directed 23 films. His last film was Chand mere aaja-60. After this he entered Film Distribution business. Ram Daryani died on 7-9-1993.

The Heroine of this film was Kaushalya. She was born at Lucknow in 1929. She was the daughter of the famous dancer Lachhoo Maharaj and actress Daya Devi. Being brought up in the house of dancer and actor, Kaushalya picked up Dance, Music and acting very early. She appeared as a child artiste in films from 1936, when she was just 7 year old. She worked in 11 films as a child artiste. After film Devbala-38, she did roles in Bhole bhale and Uski Tamanna-both in 1939, made by Sagar Movietone. She even sang in both films.

Then came films like Darshan and Ghar ki laaj, both 1941, and Baraat, Bharat milap, Station master and Swapna, all 42. The work poured on her till 1946, when she got married to a boy from Calcutta, when she had gone there for doing films. After marriage she found it difficult to work in films, but continued for some more films, till her last film Ek Do Teen-1953.

In all Kaushalya acted in 27 films and sang more than 100 songs in about 35 films, in her short career time. As a Heroine she had worked with Prithviraj Kapoor, Ulhas, Kumar, Ishwarlal etc.

Today’s song is a duet of Veena kumari and Ishwarlal. I feel she beats Ishwarlal in singing. Her voice is full of youthfulness and quite professional, as compared to Ishwarlal. With this song, film Chiraagh-43 makes its Debut on the Blog.

( For the information used herein, thanks to Filmdom-46, Hindi film songs by Prof. Yadav, Swaron ki yatra by Anil Bhargav and my notes )


Song- Aao phir se yaad karen (Chiraag)(1943) Singers- Veena Kumari, Ishwarlal, Lyricist- Wali saheb, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Aao phir se yaad karen
Aao phir se yaad karen
bhoole huye afsanon ko
bhoole huye afsanon ko
Aao phir se yaad karen

aao ?? pe jhoola daalen
aao ?? pe jhoola daalen
dil ke sab armaan nikaalen
dil ke sab armaan nikaalen

itni oonchi paing badhaayen en en
itni oonchi paing badhaayen en
jag ki nazron se kho jaayen
jag ki nazron se kho jaayen

ek jagah bithhlaa de baalam
ek jagah bithhlaa de baalam
dil ke do mehmaanon ko
dil ke do mehmaanon ko

aao phir se yaad karen

prem dor so ae
baandhoon tumko o o
prem dor so ae
baandhoon tumko o
bin baandhhe bandhh jaaooon main
bin baandhhe bandhh jaaooon
bin baandhhe bandhh jaaooon main
bin baandhhe bandhh jaaooon

main man ki
aasha ki chhedoon(?)
main man ki
aasha ki chhedoon(?)
haule haule gaaoon main
haule haule gaaoon main

deepak raag suna kar donon
deepak raag suna kar donon
tadpa den parwaanon ko
tadpa den parwaanon ko

aao phir se yaad karen
aao phir se yaad karen


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4086 Post No. : 15226

Today’s song is from film Pyas-41.

The film was made by Murli Movietone. It was directed by Ram Daryani. The lyricist was D N Madhok and the music was by Khemchand Prakash. The cast of the film was Snehprabha Pradhan, Ishwarlal, Nazir, Shamim, Gope, E Bilimoria, Sharifa, Gulab, Khatoon, Majid, Tarabai etc etc. There were 9 songs in the film. One song is already discussed, so today, it will be the second song of the film here. It is a duet sung by the lead pair Snehprabha and Ishwarlal.

Various communities of India contributed to the development of Indian Film Industry. No wonder, we never saw communal feelings in the film world. It is probably the only industry in India, which is truly a Secular one.All communities and religions live here happily together. Every community is, however, identified with a particular state, i.g. Sikhs and Punjabis from Punjab, Bengalis from Bengal, Marathis from Maharashtra etc etc. But there is one community which has no state of its own, still it has been contributing to almost every industry in India whole heartedly. That is SINDHI community.

In film industry too, their contribution is almost in every department – be it production, direction, acting, music or any other form of film making, for that matter. Generally, they are a business community and are highly adaptable to available circumstances. Right from Vithal Panchotia in the early 30s to Ranvir singh Bhavnani in the 2019, their presence as actors, Producers (Sippys), Directors (Mohan Bhavnani), Music composers (Bulo C Rani) to Comedian (Bhudo Advani) is felt in all decades. Brij Rani, Sheila Ramani, Sadhana, Babita and Kitu Gidwani or Gope, Bhudo Advani, Sushil Kumar, Asrani etc are some of the names that come to the mind off hand.

Film Pyas-41 was also directed by one Sindhi – Ram Daryani ( Ram Kamlani was different, he was brother of Gope). Ram Daryani was born on 6-12-1915, at Hyderabad, Sindh Province (now in Pakistan). His early education was done in Sindh and for college education he came to Karachi. Due to intense desire of being in film world, he left studies and joined Eastern Art Production and assisted Moti Gidwani in direction of film Insan ya Shaitan-33. But due to family pressure he had to rejoin college. After some time he again left college for good and started working as assistant director for films Prem Pariksha-34 with G R Sethi, Bharat ki Beti-35 with Premankur Attorthy and Yasmin-35 with H K Shivdasani.

He got his first chance to independently direct the film Baal Hatya aka Khoon E Nahak-35. In the year 1936, he floated his own company Daryani productions and directed films like Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Murty-36 and Gentleman Daaku-37, for which his brother K S Daryani wrote the stories. In 1938, brother K S Daryani started Krishna Movietone. Ram Daryani closed his company Daryani productions and directed film Zamana-38 for krishna Movietone. The film became a Hit and his name became famous.

He worked for Murli Movietone to direct films like Pyas-41, which celebrated Silver jubilee. His other films were Qurbani-43, Preet-45, Panna Dai-45 and Shravan kumar-46. In all, Ram Daryani directed 23 films. His last film was Chand mere aaja-60. After this he entered Film Distribution business. Ram Daryani died on 7-9-1993. ( adapted from Filmdom-1946).

The Heroine for film Pyas-41 was Snehprabha Pradhan, who was an excellent actress and a good singer. However, she acted in only 17 films in 10 years i.e. 1940 to 1950. After films, she started acting in Marathi dramas and became famous and popular there.

SNEHPRABHA PRADHAN was born on 20-10-1915 in Nagpur,Maharashtra. Her father was Vithalrao and mother was Tarabai.Tarabai was a child widow who grew up in an orphanage and SP’s father married her as a social cause,when he was already 50 yr old.

Like her contemporaries, Shanta Apte and Hansa Wadkar(Ratan Salgaonkar in real life), she too travelled a lot in her first 10 years,to places like Nagpur,Bombay,Poona,Delhi,Calcutta,Lahore etc.

When her father left them and mother was unable to support the family,SP had to seek work.She did small roles in films.One Chimanbahi Desai of Bombay Talkies was a family friend.Through him, she worked and sang in Civil marriage,saubhagya and Sajni.
Her first break as a Heroine came with Punarmilan-1940,opposite Kishore Sahu.They fell in love and married,but within an year she divorced him on grounds of his impotency !

SP was studying,while working too and she became the First woman Graduate from Ferguson college,Poona,in those days !
Even though system was there,still SP was NOT attached to any Studio nor was she on rolls of any Production company.She virtually started the ‘Free Lance working system’ in those days.

She worked in Bombay Talkies,New theatres,with K.A.Abbas,Roop k.Sorey etc.She sang songs with Pahadi Sanyal also.
In the late 40s,she reduced her work in Hindi,as she was more inclined to work on Marathi stage dramas.In 1942 she worked in Marathi film “PAHLI MANGALAGAUR”,in which 10 year old Lata Mangeshkar acted and sang First time in her career. In 1946 SP she acted in Salgirah and sang 6 songs.After this she did “Anmol Moti” in 1949.Then she stopped working in Hindi films. She wrote Screenplay of film “Ladai ke baad”-1943,acted in it and also sang 9 songs in it.

Her name was kept Snehprabha,as a compromise,since her mother could not decide in 2 names-Snehlata or Prabhavati.So the names were combined as Snehprabha. She married Dr.Shirodkar and settled in Bombay,occasionally doing some stage dramas in Marathi. She died on 7-12-1993.

Birha ki Raat-1950. She acted in this film as Dev Anand had expressed his desire to act in a film in which SP was there. Dev Anand was her great fan.He agreed to work with Nargis only on the condition that SP would work with him. Snehprabha Pradhan could not refuse Dev Anand.

There is another name ‘ Khatun ‘ in the cast. Miss Khatun Bano was born and brought up in a poor Muslim family of Lahore. As per the family tradition, she learnt dancing and singing. once, when she was performing on stage in Lahore, the Talent hunter of Sagar movietone spotted her and she was offered a role in a Talkie film- which was a novelty in 1931. Her first film was Abul Hasan-31. Then came Subhadra haran-32, Meerabai-32, Maya Bazar-32 etc etc. In all, she acted in 59 films, till her last film Ibrat-60. She also sang 25 songs in 12 films.

One more interesting actress in the cast was Tarabai. She is none other than the elder sister of famous dancer actress Sitara Devi. Born in 1905, she was a good dancer. She started film career from Silent films like Malti Madhav, Bambai ki sethani etc. She started Talkie films with Vasantsena-31. She played the role of Princess Octavia in film Yahudi ki Ladki-33, along with K L Saigal.

She acted in many films like Shehar ka jadu-34, Savitri 37, Narsi Bhagat-40, Sasural -41. She acted in film Haiwaan-40, along with her two other actress sisters,namely Alaknanda and Sitara Devi. This may be the only Hindi film, in which 3 sisters played roles in one film.

She married co star Marutirao Pehelwan, left films and they settled in Dhule,in Maharashtra. They started a Dairy business. Their son was the famous dancer Gopi Krishna. After husband’s death and winding up of the Dairy business, Tarabai returned to Bombay and started working in films. But now she was reduced to as Junior Artiste (Extra) and got only negligible roles. She lived in Bandra slum. There is no information about her after this.

Film Pyas-41 was a very successful film. It was written by K S Daryani- brother of director Ram Daryani. The film was shot in Ranjit studio. This was the first film of Murli Movietone. The March 1942 issue of Film India magazine reviewed the film and Baburao Patel, for once , was all praise for the film, direction and the acting. The film was released in Imperial Cinema, Bombay on 14-2-1942. While praising the acting of Snehprabha Pradhan, Baburao Patel could not resist the temptation of subtly commenting on her looks, saying, ” she was photographed so nicely that she sometimes looked ‘almost’ beautiful” ! That’s Baburao for you !!.

The story of the film as given in the review is…….

Sethji’s (Nazir) wife is dying due to TB…according to the evil family doctor (E. Billimoria), who wants to marry his niece( Gulab) to Seth ji. He also tries to kill wife and her child. Sensing this, the wife, Menaka (Sharifa) runs away with the child. She hands over the child to a village mukhiya and dies. Seth ji marries the niece of doctor, who starts extracting money from her.

The child grows into a big man-Chiman (Ishwarlal) who loves village belle Radha.

Once Chiman goes to the city and gets to know Seth ji, who employs him. Seth ji’s niece Rupa starts loving him. Once by accident , Chiman comes to know that he is Seth ji’s son. Seth ji is happy and throws a party in which the engagement of Rupa (Shamim) is announced. Chiman is craving for Radha. Radha comes to know these matters and comes to city. Rupa realises their true love and sacrifices. Chiman and Radha unite.

Today’s song’s mukhada is ” Nadi kinara ho “. This “Nadi kinara” was very popular amongst the lyricists of the 30s and 40s, because I found so many songs having this beginning of songs, till even the 50s. Somehow this went on diminishing later. I guess the lovers stopped going to the Rivers or may be they preferred a Mall or a Multiplex than going to the ‘Nadi kinara’, battling the traffic jams !


Song- Nadi kinaara ho taaron bhari raaten (Pyaas)(1941) Singers-Snehprabha Pradhan, Ishwarlal , Lyrics- D N Madhok, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Nadi kinaara ho o o
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
Nadi kinaara ho o o
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten

moh hamse karen aur chori se munh na taaken
moh hamse karen aur chori se munh na taaken
yaad dilaayen
beeti huyi baaten
yaad dilaayen
beeti huyi baaten
Nadi kinaara ho o o
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten

kabhi wo kabhi main roothh jaaun
kabhi Radha kabhi main manaaun
kabhi wo kabhi main roothh jaaun
kabhi Radha kabhi main manaaun
main na maanoon
na maanoon
na maanoon
tere jee ki main jaanoon
main na maanoon
na maanoon
na maanoon
jee dil ki main jaanoon
na jaanoon

Nadi kinaara ho o o
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten
taaron bhari raaten


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3919 Post No. : 14982

 

Today’s song is from film ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944).

Hindi film makers seem to have an attraction for Mughal Empire. Films were made on life events of right from Babar to Bahadurshah Zafar- the first to the last Mughal kings. I do not know what the film makers found so magnetic in their lives. Not only Mughal kings, but also the Mongol king Changez khan, Nadir Shah and generals like Behram Khan also became the subject matters of films. May be the producers found lot of scope to show big palaces, big armies, wars, dances and songs, beautiful women etc. in such films which attracted the audience.

More than any other Mughal king, it is Babar, who has been in public discussion in India , since about 20-30 years, for well known reasons for which we are not concerned here. Babar was born as Zaheeruddin Mohammed, on 14-2-1483 in Fergana valley in what is known today as Uzbekistan. He was a direct descendant of Taimurlane. At the age of 12 years he ascended his father’s thrown and faced rebellion. Next few years were spent on fighting to save his kingdom. Having lost, and won and again lost the valley of Fergana and Samarkand three times, Babar decided to go to India.

He marched with his army towards India, which was ruled by Ibrahim Khan Lodhi that time. Babar’s army was tired and tried rebellion till they reached India. In the battle of Panipat, he defeated Lodhi and became the Emperor of India. Later he fought with several Rajput kings and won also. Babar married several times and had several children too. His 3 sons were main and Humayun was his dearest son. Babar established the Mughal Empire in 1526 at Delhi. It was Humayun, who succeeded Babar when he died on 26-12-1530.

‘Shahenshah Babar’ is a depiction of his life from childhood to death, but most part of the film is about the love affair and sickness of Humayun. After his death Babar was first buried in Agra, but later his remains were buried again in Kabul. Babar is considered a national hero in Uzbekistan and Kergystan. In India Babar is not known for such good things.

This film was made by Ranjit Movietone, calling it a historical film. It was directed by Wazahat Mirza Changezi (20-4-1908 to 4-8-1990). He directed 5 films, namely, ‘Swaminath’ (1942), ‘Jawaani’ (1942), ‘Shahenshah Babar’ (1944), ‘Prabhu Ka Ghar’ (1945) and ‘Nishaana’ (1950). He wrote lyrics in films like ‘Watan’ (1938), ‘Hum Tum Aur Woh’ (1938), ‘Bahen’ (1941), ‘Roti’ (1942) and ‘Jawaani’ (1942). Later he became famous as a screenplay and dialogue writer. Some of his famous films are ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Shaheed’ (1948), ‘Shikast’ (1953), ‘Mother India’ (1957), ‘Yahudi’ (1958). ‘Mughal e Azam’ (1960), ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961), ‘Leader’ (1964), ‘Palki’ (1967) etc.

The music director was Khemchand Prakash and lyricists were Pt. Indra, Munshi Aziz and Munshi Shums. Out of the 9 songs, today’s song is 5th song to be discussed here. The cast of the film was Khurshid, Sheikh Mukhtar, Sushil Kumar, Yakub, Majid, Anwari, Agha and others.

Religious, mythological or historical stories have some characters who are with extra ordinary strength or even Rakshasas. Such characters maintained the equilibrium of entertainment in those films and made them more interesting with their actions. In the Hindi film industry, some actors fitted this requirement. Some of them were BM Vyas, Ramayan Tiwari, Sheikh Mukhtar, Dara Singh, Dev kumar etc. Sheikh Mukhtar fitted into these roles perfectly, for example as ‘Nadir Shah’ in film ‘Nadir Shah’ (1968), as Changez Khan in film ‘Changez Khan’ (1957), or as Sher Afghan in film ‘Noor Jehan’ (1967). In social films, roles of police officers and in action/stunt films as dacoit, drunkard, gambler etc. In some of the films directors used to make him do unimaginable and unbelievable acts like in film ‘Roti’ (1942), he brings down an aircraft with his spear throw ! As a police officer, he would hold 5-6 criminals by their scruff in his extra large hands or run barefoot after a speeding jeep and stop it !

His real name was Mukhtar Ahmed Siddiqi. He was from old Delhi. His father was a senior police officer. He was Bollywood`s first ‘hunk’ – one who would have put today`s WWF hulks to shame. Exceptionally tall and frighteningly hefty, he was endowed with an immense physique. His face was a roadmap of crisscrossing muscles. A sharp jaw line added to the dimensions of his rock-hard face. Hardly `star` material compared to the Hrithiks and Salmans of today. Yet, this rugged man was once a hero.

Those were the days when a limp-wristed hero, who could not even unlock the mysteries of the lush curls of his beloved, was universally adored in cinema halls. In such times, Sheikh Mukhtar adorned the garb of a hero. This feat was achieved by movie monarch Mehboob Khan. In ‘Ek Hi Raasta’ (aka ‘The Only Way’), a film directed by Mehboob Sb for Sagar Movietone way back in 1939, Sheikh Mukhtar was one of the three heroes. The other two were Arun Ahuja (matinee idol Govinda`s father) and a certain Harish (who later directed films such as ‘Burma Road’, he was Tara Harish). Though billed as male lead, Sheikh Mukhtar never fitted into the `romantic` mold. And why should he? He portrayed an uncouth lover, almost a pre-Neanderthal man, in Mehboob Khan`s ‘Roti’ with sensuous Sitara Devi as his beloved. In that film, Sheikh would bring down an aircraft with the mere strike of his spear. When thirsty, he would empty an entire bucket down his throat in one go. Soppy dialogues oozing with maudlin emotions such as love and romance, did not come forth from the super-hunk.

In Wadia`s ‘Krishnabhakt Bodana’ (1944), Sheikh Mukhtar was the Lord`s devotee. In ‘Bahen’ (1941), he portrayed the role of Nalini Jaywant’s brother. His imposing personality fitted well into period films which dabbled in history. He played the role of Shahenshah Babar; went on to become Chengez Khan and then donned the mantle of Sher Afghan in ‘Noor Jehan’, a film which he produced. He was often teamed with Begum Para, the bewitching beauty of that era. The pair hit it off exceedingly well on the screen. For countless cinema aficionados, the Sheikh Mukhtar-Begum Para pair was a classic case of the beauty and the beast. With pint-sized Mukri, Sheikh Mukhtar had a successful celluloid partnership. Sheikh Mukhtar produced a string of Hindi films, such as ‘Dada’, ‘Dara’, ‘Ustad Pedro’, ‘Toote Taare’, ‘Mr. Lambu’, ‘Annadaata’, ‘Mangu’ (with another beauty, Nigar Sultan), ‘Do Ustaad’, and ‘Noor Jehan’, among others.

He wove into his films a variety of songs, from “Bahaaron Ke Dole Mein Aayi Hai Jawaani”, a romantic number from ‘Annadaata’, to naughty ditties, such as “Dil Ka Ye Injan Seetiyaan Maare” from ‘Ustaad Pedro’, and “Namaste, Doctor Baaro, Hum Ko Bhi Ek Injection Maaro”. Sheikh Mukhtar`s pair of shoes, of twelve number size, (in ‘Do Ustaad’), summed up his big time existence. His role in this film was widely appreciated. Sheikh Mukhtar showcased his acting talents in the concluding scene of ‘Do Ustaad’ when he holds his long-lost brother and son to his bosom.

Sheikh Mukhtar invested all his hard-earned money on ‘Noor Jehan’, his dream project. However, the period film bombed miserably at the box office. And with the film collapsed this mighty man. Debts began to pile up. Income Tax arrears kept multiplying in geometrical progression. Unable to resolve this crisis, Sheikh Mukhtar, who was adored in Bollywood for his integrity and for his firmness to keep vices of every variety at bay, fled to Pakistan with the alacrity of a small-time house burglar. He took with him the prints of his films. But, sadly, the Pakistan film industry offered him no succor. He kept running from pillar to post, visiting government offices with a plea that he be allowed to release his films.

He was not at all welcomed by Pak film industry. As it is Indian films were already banned there. When all efforts failed, he met General Zia ul Haq. He was a great fan of Sohrab Modi. When he learnt that Sohrab Modi was acting in this film, he allowed the film’s release. However, the Pak film industry went to Supreme court against this order. The case dragged on and finally on 11th may 1980 he won the case. While hee was returning to Lahore with his son Sheikh Moinuddin, Mukhtar got a severe heart attack in the flight. He was immediately taken home and doctor was called. Strangely no doctor came to help him. Finally by the time he was taken to hospital, he died on the way.

‘Noor Jehan’, which was released in Pakistan after Sheikh Mukhtar died, on 23rd may 1980, kept the box office registers ringing with cash. In his 40 years’ career he acted in 70 films and under the banner of his own Omar Khayyam Films, he produced 8 films. (Some information from articles by Shirish Kanekar and Jawed Hamid is used here with thanks).

Singer actress Khurshid played the heroine Hameeda’s role and sang good songs too. Here is an edited interview of Khursheed, taken in 1992,by Pakistani journalist, Navid Rasheed (Thanks to Cineplot)..

Khursheed Bano was born as Irshad Begum in Lahore, on 14th April 1914. As a child she resided in the Bhatti Gate area next to Allama Iqbal’s house. The two families were pretty close. Khursheed was a child then. There was no ambition of joining the showbiz bandwagon then and it was by chance that led her to this arena.

Khursheed was very still young when she became an actress in the early 30’s. The era of the silent movies had already ended with the release of ‘Alam Ara’ in 1931 and the Indian film industry was going through a revolution. What set her apart from other heroines were her attractive face and certain flamboyance owing to which she made her presence felt. And then she was very good actress who could be melodramatic and happy-go-lucky with equal ease.

Each star then was required to playback for themselves and Khursheed was lucky to have a good voice. Hence started the brilliant era of some timeless classical and exemplary numbers like “Panchhi Baawraa Chaand Se Preet Lagaaye”.

The graceful and decent actress was luckier to secure some of the best films including ‘Sitaara’, ‘Shaadi’, ‘Musafir’, ‘Pardesi’, ‘Bhagat Surdas’, ‘Dekha Jayega’, ‘Shehanshah Babar’ and ‘Tansen’. ‘Pardesi’ had a very famous soundtrack comprising of memorable numbers by the late actress. In ‘Tansen’ she played the protagonist Tani with Kundan Lal Saigal as Tansen. Together they made indelible performances and the role took her to great heights. She even transcended Saigal with her strong performances and pretty looks and her fans started calling her Tani after that. Her leading men in those days apart from Saigal were Motilal, Ishwar Lal, Nazeer and Sadiq Ali. She made a successful pair with Motilal the most. Her female contemporaries included actresses of caliber like Kanan Bala, Devika Rani, Leela Chitnis, Suraiya, Swaranlata and Noor Jehan. The last three were her juniors.

Khursheed said that there was no such thing as rivalry in those days and actresses worked in close coordination. Abusing, backbiting or gossiping was not amongst their traits. Even the male stars with whom she worked treated her with great respect and there were no scandals.

Though she was an accomplished singer, acting remained her forte and first love. “Singing was a requirement to be a heroine in those days”, she said, “and even heroines with not too good voices were forced to sing if they were to act. But the composers were so good that they managed to get the best out of them then. Each song was recorded after several rehearsals. But I was an actress first and singing was just to complement that.”

Khursheed was not too happy with the way films shaped up in the years to come. So much so that she never wanted to see films anymore. In the interview she expressed her displeasure, “In spite of the resources and much higher budget, there is not a single film maker in the entire sub continent who could make a film even half as good as the films made in my era. Ours were simple films but treated well and had strong content. Plus the hard work and honesty of each unit member reflected in the entire film. This thing is missing now. A film is not only about technique, rather the issue, sensitivity and sincere dedication too.

Following partition in 1947, Khursheed opted to move to Pakistan. She worked in two Pakistani films too – ‘Mandi’ and ‘Fankaar’. But then she decided to quit and tied the knot with a Karachi – based businessman Yousaf Bhai Mian. They had one daughter who lived in the US when the interview was conducted. She then concentrated on her marriage alone and emerged equally successful on the home front as much as she was in films. She was happy that she quit films before their standards declined .

Khursheed died on 18-4-2001 at Lahore.

Khursheed Bano sang about 170 songs in about 40 films in India. Her life and career would have been like any other actor/singer, but for the controversy of her initiation into films as ‘SHEHLA’ ( HFGK writes this name as SHAILA ) at Calcutta between 1931 and 1935. It was finally and conclusively proved by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji, that Khurshid and Shehla were different and two separate individuals.

The story of film Shahenshah Babar,

The film starts with the march of Babar’s army to India in 1526, with flashbacks of his childhood and activities as an young man. Defeating Ibrahim Khan Lodhi in the battle of Panipat, Babar becomes Emperor of India.

One of his knights Sardar Sheikh has a daughter Hameeda. She and Babar’s son Humayun fall in love and meet often. When Babar comes to know this, he takes a promise from Humayun that he will forget Hameeda. Humayun promises and leaves Hameeda. Heart broken Hameeda is taken by her father to their native place .

Humayun falls ill and is on death bed. To save his life Babar prays to God that he saves Humayun and instead give death to Babar. In addition, he himself goes and brings back Hameeda to Humayun. In few months Humayun gets well, but Babar dies.

I distinctly remember, when I was studying in 5th or 6th standard, we had a lesson “The Power of Prayer” and in this lesson Babar and Humayun’s story was told, how Babar sacrifices his life for son’s life by praying to God. The film too has the same theme. It seems this story is there in ‘Humayun-Nama’ written by Gulbadan Begum, half sister of Humayun. I have not seen this film.

Today’s song is a duet of Zohrabai and Munshi Aziz. The song is written by Pt. Indra.

(Some information has been used, with thanks, from book ‘Forgotten movies on Muslim Culture 1933-1947’, by Shri Kamlakar Pasupuleti ji.)

Song – Hamen Bhool Mat Jaiyo Raja Ji  (Shahenshah Babar) (1944) Singer – Zohrabai, Munshi Aziz, Lyrics – Pt Indra, Music – Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

ho raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
o raja ji
souten ke lambe lambe kes
ulajh mat jaee
ulajh mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
o rani ji
jaana padey hai bides
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
purab mat jaiyo ho morey raja
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
ho raja ji
maalan ke teekhe teekhe nain
paagal na ban jaiyo
ho paagal na ban jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dil to rahega paas tumhaare
dil to rahega paas tumhaare
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
o rani ji
naadan hai kismet kahiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
dacchin mat jaiyo o morey raja
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
ho raja ji
panihaari ki matwaali chaal
machal mat jaiyo
haaye machal mat jaiyo raja ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
pyaasa rahoon par panghat na jaavun
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo o rani ji
tum hi pyaas bujhaiyo
sandesa deti rahiyo
ho sandesa deti rahiyo rani ji
hamen bhool mat jaiyo raja ji

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

हो राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस

राजा जी
सौतन के लंबे लंबे केस
उलझ मत जइ
उलझ मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
ओ रानी जी
जाना पड़े है बिदेस
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
पूरब मत जइयो हो मोरे राजा
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
हो राजा जी
मालन के तीखे तीखे नैन
पागल ना बन जइयो
हो पागल ना बन जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
दिल तो रहेगा पास तुम्हारे
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
ओ रानी जी
नादाँ है किस्मत कहियों
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
दछिन मत जइयो ओ मोरे राजा
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
हो राजा जी
पनिहारी की मतवाली चाल
मचल मत जइयो
हाए मचल मत जइयो राजा जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी

प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
प्यासा रहूँ पर पनघट ना जावूँ
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो ओ रानी जी
तुम ही प्यास बुझइयो
सँदेसा देती रहियो
हो सँदेसा देती रहियो रानी जी
हमें भूल मत जइयो राजा जी


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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