Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Prabhat Vandana Karen

Posted on: November 25, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5243 Post No. : 17241

Today’s song is “Prabhat Vandana” from the film ‘Sant Janabai’ (1949).

This post from me is coming after a gap of 30+ days. Luckily the gap was divided in October and November months. I did not want to create a record of missing a full Calendar month, therefore I am sending this post in November. The last time such a big gap occurred was also in October/November months of 2017. Looks like I have to be careful in these two months since both times the cause of the gap was my health issues. But then, at the age of 82 years, these things are unavoidable. After this post again, there will be a gap in my posts as I will be busy with my grandson’s marriage in the first week of December. Then onward hopefully, I will continue my posts as regularly as before this gap.

Today’s song is like a “Prabhatiya” of Gujarat. It is sung in the early hours of the day, presumably as the first thing in the morning, praising God. Indians, in general, are very religious minded. While some may openly do things proclaiming their inclinations – like singing Bhajans, visiting temples, following religious traditions etc; there are , however, people who follow religion in their behavior and thoughts. The greatest advantage of the Hindu religion is that there are several ways of doing Bhakti and one can choose and follow what is possible for him.

According to Bhagwat Geeta and Vishnu Puran, there are 9 forms of Bhakti one can follow as per his wishes. They are….

1. Shrawan ( श्रवण ) Listening to Divine name like King Parikshit
2. Keertan ( कीर्तन ) Glorify God by discourse Like saint Tyagaraj
3. Smaran (स्मरण ) Remembering God by meditation Like Bhakt Pralhad
4. Paad Sewa (पाद सेवा ) Service at the feet of God Like Lakshmi Devi
5. Archana (अर्चना ) Worship for blessings doing Pooja
6. Vandana (वंदना ) Prostration before God doing Sashtang Namaskar
7. Dasya (दास्य ) Service to God Like Hanuman
8. Sakhya (सख्य ) Being friendly to God Like Arjun
9. Atma Nivedan (आत्म निवेदन ) Self Surrender like Meerabai

This is called Nav vidha Bhakti (नव विधा भक्ती ). Each method carries the same weightage. This has been followed since Vaidik times.

During the foreign attacks and cruel rulers, a wake up call to people of India was by means of the Bhakti Movement from 1300 to 1600 AD. This produced many saints and social reformers from Kanya Kumari to Kashmir and from Gujarat to Assam. Saints appeared in all areas of India. During the Bhakti Movement, almost all regions had their own Saints and great Bhakts. Maharashtra has been known to be a well developed modern state, boasting of an Education centre (Pune) as well as a commercial hub center (Mumbai). It is also a lucky state because it had many saints and social reformers from every strata of society. While Ramdas and Dnyaneshwar were Bramhins, other saints belonged to the different castes. Here are some names of saints in Maharashtra….

Tukaram – Baniya, Janabai-House maid, Namdev-Tailor, Gor kumbhar-Potter, Narhari Sonar-Goldsmith, Chokha Mela-Gardener, Soyrabai- Harijan, Eknath-Warkari, Rohidas-Cobbler, Savta Maali-Gardener, Banka Mahar- harijan, Sant Bhagu-Harijan, Kanhopatra- Dancing girl, Sant Sakhu- Harijan Housewife, Sena Nhavi- Barber, Pundalik-Backward etc.

Bhakti movement started in Tamilnadu in the 6th century and spread northwards from 15th to 17th century. Sant Janabai was one of such Saints. The story of the film was….

Jana, a little girl whose mother before dying told her to go to Pandharpur where she will be protected by Lord Vitthal, A merchant who is the father of Sant Namdev accidentally steps on Jana’s hand and asks for her forgiveness. He asks what she was doing in the temple alone, she tells him her story, being a good devotee of Vitthal he adopts her.

Little Namdev likes her from the instant he sees her and accepts her as his elder sister with joy. But the mother of Namdev wasn’t too happy with another person being in the family, but later she too melts to the love and simplicity of the little girl who would become a great saint as we know today.

Jana was assigned the work of washing the clothes by Namdev’s mother. Jana and Namdev hear a group of pilgrims singing in praise of Lord Vitthal and they start singing and dancing. Children in the group who are very thirsty run to Janabai to beg for water from her. “There are many wells in the village, go get your own water” says Namdev. “But we are outcasts, nobody gives us water” says one of the pilgrims.

Janabai pours them water from her pot, the satisfied devotees bless her for giving them water to drink. She gets scolded and beaten by Namdev’s mother for her act of charity towards the outcasts, which was considered a terrible thing during those times.

Namdev being a very devotional man, always sings and dances and forgets the duties of a householder. Janabai works hard for the food of Namdev’s family (wife and two children). Janabai prays to Vitthal for the food, when Vitthal gives her food she only takes what she needs for a day or two.

Namdev had a big debt to be settled, but he was on a pilgrimage to North India. The wealthy man who had lent him money decides to take Namdev’s property into possession. Jana pleads with him and agrees that she would pay all the money back. Jana works night and day to gather the money she needs.

One night she was very tired and fell asleep while working, but when she wakes up she sees a blanket on her and also sees that the work has been finished. Next night she pretends to be sleeping so that she could catch the person who did it. As soon as she sleeps she sees Lord Vitthal appear and do her work for her.

She catches him while working, from then on Lord Vitthal helps her in her work, he sings for her. He fetches water for her and does many things around.

One day Lord Vitthal feels very tired, seeing that Jana puts him to sleep. In the morning when he wakes up, he walks back to the temple with the blanket around his body, his ornament falls from his neck and falls on the floor of Janabai’s house.

In the morning when priests see the statue of Lord Vitthal they come to the conclusion that somebody must have stolen the ornament of Lord. They see a blanket nearby and assume it must belong to the thief. They start questioning everyone to find out to whom that belonged.

Janabai tells them that it belonged to her, priests search her house and when they find the ornament they accuse her of the theft, she tells them that the Lord was sleeping in her house yesterday and he must have left the ornament. People laugh at her, and thinking of her to be a liar, they decide to hang her to death.

They march her on streets, and just before the time to kill her, she prays to Lord Vitthal and he appears to save her. All people bow to Janabai.

This was a film made by Prabhat Film company, which was sinking day by day. After V Shantaram left it in 1942, the company survived by making several Devotional movies which gave money to the company, but could not save it. In fact, the film ‘Sant Janabai’ was the last film made by Prabhat Film company. After this the company was locked out. The Prabhat Studio and its property were auctioned in 1952 and the once famous company Prabhat was closed for ever on 13-10-1953.

Most of the devotional films made by Prabhat were written by GD Madgulkar- who was a famous writer of Marathi. The story and the screenplay of the film ‘Sant Janabai’ was also written by Madgulkar. He wrote some of the famous films of Hindi cinema in later years. He was an accomplished actor also and had acted in several Marathi and Hindi films.

Gajanan Digambar Madguḷkar (1 October 1919 – 14 December 1977) was a Marathi poet, lyricist, writer and actor. He was born in village Shetphal, Atpadi Taluka, Sangli district in Maharashtra. His family hailed from village Madgule in the same Taluka.

He is popularly known in his home state of Maharashtra by just his initials as Ga Di Ma (गदिमा). He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1951 and Padma Shri in 1969. He has written 157 screen plays and over 2000 songs in his career. He was called Adhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki) of the current era due to his composition of Geet Ramayan (Ramayana in Songs) as the most notable work. 2019 was celebrated as his Birth Century year. The Government of Maharashtra hosted various events and festivals to grace the occasion.

Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogues and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems have been adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet (light music), Bhav-Geet (emotional songs), Bhakti-Geet (devotional songs), and Lawani (a genre of folk songs in Maharashtra). Madgulkar entered the world of movies in 1938 at Kolhāpur. He contributed to 157 Marathi and 25 Hindi movies. He was also an artist. He loved to paint nature scenes. Special mention must be made for the films, ‘Jeewan Jyoti’ (1953) Screenplay and dialogues, ‘Toofan aur Diya’ (1956) – story, and ‘Do Aankhen Barah Haath’ (1957) -story, screenplay and dialogues.

A noteworthy fact about Madgulkar is that during his peak period in Marathi films, he created a World Record. He teamed up with Music Director Sudhir Phadke and director Raja Paranjape. Together, as a team, they gave a total of 11 Hit films in a row in 18 years – from 1948 to 1966 … a record for a Team. He had knowledge of 10 languages including Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu.

Madgulkar was married to Vidya (Padma Patankar, Kolhapur) and they had 3 sons (Shridhar, Anand, Sharad Kumar) and 4 daughters (Varsha, Kalpalata, Deepa, Shubhada). The popular Marathi writer, Vyankatesh Madgulkar was his younger brother. His home in Pune (‘Panchavati Bungalow’) has become a place of attraction for his fans.

I was based in Poona during the period 1974 to 1976. In this period one of my local friends took me to Madgulkar’s bungalow and introduced me. When Madgulkar came to know that I hailed from Hyderabad, he was very excited and asked me several questions. I spent about 4-5 hours with him and had lunch also with him, on his repeated insistence. He was a good conversationalist and loved to talk and listen. I will never forget this meeting. Those days he was not keeping good health.

Today’s song is sung by Manna Dey and chorus. Written by Narendra Sharma, it was composed by Sudhir Phadke. It is quite inspiring.

Audio

Video

Song-Prabhat Vandana Karen (Sant Janabai)(1949) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics-Pt Narendra Sharma, MD-Sudhir Phadke
Manna Dey + Chorus

Lyrics

prabhaat vandana karen
prabhaat vandana karen
jaago hey hare
hey hare
prabhaat vandana karen
jaago hey hare
hey hare

usha ka deep baal
saja neel gagan thhal
aarti utaare jagat
aarti utaare jagat
jaago saanwre
jaago saanwre
hey hare
prabhaat vandana karen
jaago hey hare
hey hare

kholo nayan jyotirmay
jeewan ko karo abhay
kholo nayan jyotirmay
jeewan ko karo abhay
bhakti kiran jan man mein
bhakti kiran jan man mein
charan dhruv dhare
charan dhruv dhare
hey hare
prabhaat vandana karen
jaago hey hare
hey hare

taj kar vaikunthdhaam
aaa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
taj kar vaikunthdhaam
aaye tum megh shyam
megh shyam
roop madhur pandurang
roop madhur pandurang
punya naam re
punya naam re
hey hare
prabhaat vandana karen
jaago hey hare
hey hare

vithal vithal
vithal pandurang
vithal vithal
vithal pandurang
vithal vithal vithal pandurang
vithal vithal vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
vithal pandurang
kamal nayan vithal
harisharnam

—————–——————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

प्रभात वन्दना करें
प्रभात वन्दना करें
जागो हे हरे
हे हरे
प्रभात वन्दना करें
जागो हे हरे
हे हरे

उषा का दीप बाल
सजा नील गगन थाल
आरती उतारे जगत
आरती उतारे जगत
जागो सांवरे
जागो सांवरे
हे हरे
प्रभात वन्दना करें
जागो हे हरे
हे हरे

खोलो नयन ज्योतिर्मय
जीवन को करो अभय
खोलो नयन ज्योतिर्मय
जीवन को करो अभय
भक्ति किरण जन मन में
भक्ति किरण जन मन में
चरण ध्रुव धरे
चरण ध्रुव धरे
हे हरे
प्रभात वन्दना करें
जागो हे हरे
हे हरे

तज कर वैकुंठधाम
आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ
तज कर वैकुंठधाम
आए तुम मेघ श्याम
मेघ श्याम
रूप मधुर पांडुरंग
रूप मधुर पांडुरंग
पुण्य नाम रे
पुण्य नाम रे
हे हरे
प्रभात वन्दना करें
जागो हे हरे
हे हरे

विट्ठल विट्ठल
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल विट्ठल
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल विट्ठल विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल विट्ठल विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
विट्ठल पांडुरंगा
कमल नयन विट्ठल
हरी शरणम्

2 Responses to "Prabhat Vandana Karen"

Nice writeup Arun ji.

Like

Thanks.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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