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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Salaam tujhko ae duniya

Posted on: March 28, 2016


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

When you listen to today’s song, you will realize why Talat’s voice was called Velvety. This soulful, sad farewell song by Talat Mehmood is from the film “Mera Salaam”-1957.

I always felt that sad songs are best sung by Talat, Mukesh and Kishore Kumar ( of early era). I am ready to be deported to an isolated island in the Pacific, if I can carry with me the sad songs of Talat and Mukesh ! But , surprisingly, my most favourite sad and soulful song is sung by Amirbai karnataki. The song is “Pareshan hoon, ki kyun meri pareshani nahin jaati’-film ‘Parbat pe apna Dera-1944, Music by Vasant Desai. I never get tired of listening to this song. Whenever I am depressed or feel lonely, I listen to this song and get rejuvenated !

The Music Director of this film was HAFIZ KHAN. Now, this is a case of “Same Name Confusion” here. There were Two composers of the same name, operating in the same time period. There was one Hafiz Khan singer, who was given the nick name of Mastana by his senior Meer Sahib. Hafiz Khan Mastana was essentially a singer. He sang in Hindi films from 1938 to 1959 in over 100 films singing about 200 songs, according to one source. He also gave music to 24 Hindi films, from 1940 to 1952. He also acted in 5 films.

The Music Director Hafiz Khan of today’s song, was a trained expert Sarangiya (Sarangi Player) from Lahore. His first film as a composer was Zeenat-1945. The other composers with him here were Meer Sahib and Rafiq Gaznavi. This film’s music became famous because of the First ever All female qawwaali “Aahen na bhari, shikwe na kiye” in it. Hafiz Khan had also composed 4 melodious songs in this film. He gave music to Zeenat-45, Humjoli-46, Meharbani-50, Lakeeren-54, Mera salam-57 and his last film Shareef Daku-60.

The composer Hafiz khan and the singer- composer-actor Hafiz khan Mastana were two different persons.

The cast of film Mera Salaam-57 was Beena Rai, Bharat Bhushan, Veena, Durga Khote, Al Nasir, K.N.Singh, Gope, Nishi etc etc. Actress Veena’s name may not be very familiar with today’s generation.

Veena had a long career of more than 40 years. She acted in 110 films,in all,including a few Punjabi films. In fact she had begun with Gavandi,a Punjabi film. Some of the well known films she acted in were,Najma, Humayun, Dastaan, Afsana, Halaku, Naya Zamana, Mehendi, Chalti ka naam gaadi ( she was the lady-love of Ashok Kumar), Kaagaz ke phool, Chhoti behan, Taj mahal, Phir wohi dil laya hoon, Aashirwaad, Do Raaste, Banarasi babu, Chhupa Rustom, Shatranj ke khiladi and Razia begum-1983 (last film).

Veena was a famous character actress. She was born as Tajour Sultana on July 4, 1926 in Quetta, Balochistan (present day Pakistan). At some point in time, her family shifted to Lahore’s Chuna Mandi.

If ever there was a competition for the most beautiful woman on the screen in olden days, it would undoubtedly narrow down to two actresses—Veena and Naseem. And the result would be a close tie.

God Almighty Must have had a great deal of time to spare when he created Veena. Her features were chiselled, like a work of art done by a Renais­sance master: the perfect aquiline nose, the high forehead, rose-petal lips and those limpid heavy lidded eyes, with that regal look in them, which at once gives everybody around her an inferiority complex. Tall, stately, dignified, endowed with a statuesque figure Veena looked every inch a Queen from the Indian monarchy.

Her facial bone structure was classic. Coupled with all this was her well modulated voice, her superb delivery of dialogue. An­other striking feature of Veena was her enchanting smile—her whole face lights up. While speaking Veena opened only one side of her mouth giving a downward tilt to her lips.

In Bombay filmdom they have pet names for stars. Madhubala was called ‘Venus of the Indian screen’, Saira Banu the ‘beauty queen’, Hema Malini the ‘dream girl’, Veena was called ‘the Mona Lisa’.

Sexy women could be described as fiery volcanoes but there is something in Veena which makes one think of an iceberg. She was the touch-me-not type. From her youth Veena had a very apparent line between her eyebrows when she frowned. There was something so powerful in her glare that everyone around her feels nervous.

Veena’s regal personality and her beauty was a curse rather than a blessing for her. She could never fit into the image of a gharelu Hindu bahu, nor could she play a village belle, the two types without which the Hindi screen cannot survive.

All of Veena’s successful roles have been of royal characters, or downright haughty, bitchy she-dragon types. In person she was one of the most courteous, amiable and kind women. She never had ‘star airs’ nor the nakhra. She never acted as a lackey to filmwallahs. In Film-land where nearly every hero and heroine have had affairs (the re­sulting publicity upgrading their box-office value) Veena is one exception whose image was un­tarnished. Maybe that is the reason why she never achieved the high fame she deserved. The love of her life was the handsome actor Al-Nasir. They made a beautiful couple. Their children are as beautiful as their parents: one wonders why they have not taken to movies.
Years ago Al-Nasir had shot a tiger and had invited the press to see his prey. Some journal­ists—it seems were more en­chanted by the beautiful tigress Veena.

In 1941, Veena then 16 was an Intermediate student at a college in Amritsar. She sent her photograph to a film con­cern in Lahore and was select­ed out of thousands of candi­dates to play the lead in a film titled, “Gawandi” (Punjabi). When “Gawandi” was half-way through she was signed for an­other Punjabi film whose hero was none other than producer S. D. Narang.

Veena’s entry into films was opposed by members of her family. The college authorities refused to take her back because a movie career in those days was considered lowly by the high brow society. But Veena was determined and was not cowed down by the odds against her. She completed her graduation from Amritsar college. The late Mazhar Khan signed her up to act in his “Yaad”, and Veena came to Bombay. While “Yaad” was still in the making Mehboob signed her up for the lead in “Najma”.

She started to play supporting roles in many films of which Mehboob Khan’s Najma (1943), Humayun (1945) and K. Asif’s Phool (1945) are notable. During the early phase of her career, one of her best performances was as a sexually repressed woman inDastaan (1950) who ends up causing grief to all who knew her. She was also cast as a heroine in Afsana(1951) opposite Ashok Kumar. The movie was a box-office hit telling the story of the adulterous wife (Kuldip Kaur) having an affair with his husband’s friend, played by Pran. However, it was the vamp Kuldip who easily stole the show with her strong performance as the adulterous wife and Veena was reduced to playing character roles again. She was cast in many films in supporting roles including Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959). In Kaagaz Ke Phool, she was snobbish upper-class wife of Guru Dutt looking down on his work in the film industry.

In the latter part of her career, her most memorable role was as Meena Kumari’s sister and aunt (Meena Kumari in double role) in Pakeezah (1971). The way she yelled “Shahabuddin!” during the climax of the film showed what a fine actress she was and her full control over her dialogue delivery.

Among the Muslim actresses of her times, Veena was the most educated. It is said that she was paid Rs. one Lakh by Ranjit Movietone. She married Al Nasir in 1947. Though a womanizer himself, Al Nasir was very jealous and did not allow her any Heroine roles so that to avoid romance. She lost the Heroine’s role in ‘Daastaan’ and had to do Raj Kapoor’s sister’s role.

She retired in 1983 after the release of Razia Sultan (1983) in which she played Empress Shah Turkhan. Al Nasir died on 17-10-1957 at just 33 years of age. She was also only 31 years old at that time, but she preferred not to marry again to look after son Altamash and daughter Huma. She died in Bombay on 14-11- 2004 after 21 years of retirement when she was 78 years old after suffering from a protracted illness.

The film ‘Mera Salaam’-57 had 12 songs. Two songs are already discussed, so this will be the third song from the film. Enjoy this sad song from Talat Mehmood- the singer with the Velvet voice……


Song-Salaam tujhko ae duniya (Mera Salaam)(1957) Singer-Talat Mehmood, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-Hafeez Khan

Lyrics

salaam tujhko ae duniya
ab aakhri hai salaam
salaam tujhko ae duniya
ab aakhri hai salaam
chhalakne waala hai ab meri zindagi ka jaam
ab aakhri hai salaam
salaam tujhko ae duniya

har ek aansoo bataata hai khoon dil ka hua aa
khoon dil ka hua aa
har ek aah suanati hai maut ka paighaam
ab aakhri hai salaam
salaam tujhko ae duniya

har ek hichki hai nashtar
har ek saans hai teer
har ek saans hai teer
hua hai chupke hi chupke
jigar ka kaam tamaam
ab aakhari hai salaam
salaam tujhko ae duniya

udhar jo shama jali to idhar patanga jala aa
idhar patanga jala aa
hai diljalon ki muhabbat ka ek hi anjaam
ab aakhri hai salaam
salaam tujhko ae duniya

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8 Responses to "Salaam tujhko ae duniya"

Arunkumarji,
Oh, what description of Veena ! Anybody will be tempted to see her in person. No wonder about the jealousy of her husband.
One little thing : at the end of the seventh paragraph you wrote Razia begam. It should be Razia Sultan, no?
I do not feel very high to point out the mistake, but the feeling of being helpful to make good things better (or rather better things best) gives satisfaction. Pl excuse me if I exceed the limit.

D Samant

D Samant ji,

Thanks for your comments. Veena indeed was very attractive and regal.
Thanks also for pointing out the error in film name. You are right. It should read Razia Sultan really.
There is no problem if such errors are brought to the notice. I too want that my product should be impeccable while presenting.
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Arun-ji,full marks for your write-up on Veena and this very sad from one and only Talat Saab. When I started reading the blog, I was rivetted by the write-up on Veena. So far, my obsession has been Madhu. Wonder I should also consider Veena!! As for the Talat number, I am always for Talat, so I need not say anything more!!

psseshadri ji,

Thanks for your kind words. A housewife feels satisfied when the eaters love her food. Your such comments work as motivation for me.I feel that the efforts I take in every article to provide something different and authentic are justified when connoisseurs appreciate the writings.
Thanks once again.
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Talat ke melancholy songs, (including this one) are my favorite songs and I still sing them at home as well as family gatherings.
I have a friend in Houston named Suraiya Salim, who used to run a weekly radio program called ‘Kehkashan’. I was a regular contributor to that program, especially giving quizzes about old film songs. I am still in contact with her on phone as well as e-mails. Prior to going to States, I had lots of contacts in Film world, so she had requested me to find some contact number of Veena, her most favorite star. Luckily I could get Veena’s phone number and Suraiyaji was so happy to talk to her.
Today after reading your wonderful article on ‘Veena’, the first thing I did was copied the article and have already mailed it to Suraiyaji, whom I could visualize jumping with joy to read about Veena.

Bharat ji,
You have so many memories,connected with the old films and the concerned people ! It is very heartening to know that my article would give someone so much pleasure !
Please do share with us and open your hugh store of anecdotes here.
Thanks for your comments.
-AD

This is the response from my USA friend Suraiya Salim:
Bharat Bhai : So very very kind of you to have remembered me and sending me this wonderful article of Veena – my most favorite star. You are a wonderful friend -May God give you a very long life with good health and happiness. Suraiya

I am happy that Suraiya ji liked the article. This has also helped you to communicate with your old friend.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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