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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Karega Har Ek Qadr Jaani Tumhaari

Posted on: March 12, 2017


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

 

Wadia Brothers’s (JBH Wadia and Homi Wadia) last silent film was ‘Toofan Mail’ (1932) which was released after sound films came into being.  As far as I know, the first sound film with a prestigious train name was also ‘Toofan Mail’ (1934) produced under the banner of Ranjit Movietone. This was probably the first action-adventure-stunt film with a title of the film after a prestigious train which became a huge box office success.

Two years after ‘Toofan Mail’ (1934), Wadia Brothers who had changed the name of the banner to Wadia Movietone,  decided to produce  a follow-up of their successful action-adventure-stunt film, ‘Hunterwaali’ (1935) in which Fearless Nadia had created a good impression on the audience. The film was named ‘Frontier Mail’ (1936) with Fearless Nadia as the protagonist destroying the evils. However, when the film was released, its title was changed to ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936). There was a note in the credit title of the film which read as under:

The film, MISS FRONTIER MAIL should not be confused in any way with the train FRONTIER MAIL of B.B. & C. I. Railway.

There was a reason as to why this note was added in the credit title of the film. Bombay Baroda & Central India Railway (B.B. & C.I.R. now Western Railway) had permitted the Wadia Movietone to shoot the film on their trains and tracks. However, just few weeks before the film’s release, BB&CIR officials became red when they saw the film’s publicity posters depicting the image of a train crash which was the part of the story. The railway officials felt that the train accident shown in the film would affect their business as  some passengers may be discouraged to travel  in  their most prestigious train.  Hence they wanted the title of the film to be changed.

Not to displease the BB&CIR officials, JBH Wadia, the producer, decided to change the title of the film and invited suggestions through national newspapers to get a new name for the film. One among the thousands of suggestions was to simply add ‘Miss’ to ‘Frontier Mail’. The suggestion was accepted as this would cause the least changes in the already completed film. It was also stated in the publicity material that Miss Frontier Mail referred to the heroine (Fearless Nadia) of the film. [Source of this information is from University of Westminister Research].

Was BB&CIR officials’ worry justified?

Those days, railways were run by the private companies like BB&CIR, Great Indian Peninsula Railway (GIPR), East Indian Railways (EIR), North Western Railway etc. The competition among them for wooing the passengers to respective railways was intense. For instance, there was a competition between BB&CIR and GIPR for passengers travelling from Bombay (Mumbai) to Delhi- Amritsar and Peshawar as both these railways had their prestigious trains – Frontier Mail and Punjab Mail, respectively.

Punjab Mail of GIPR was the fastest train travelling between Bombay and Peshawar when it was introduced in June 1912. However, when BB&CIR introduced Frontier Mail for the same destination in September 1928, it became the fastest train of that time. Both these trains used to start from Ballard Pier using Port Trust railway tracks during autumn and winter seasons for the convenience of the passengers coming from UK by ship for their onward journey. Secondly, Frontier Mail was known for its punctuality.  It was generally believed that ‘your Rolex watch might let you down, but not the Frontier Mail. In fact, you could set your watch by it, 9 times out of 10!’. This was the first train to have an air cooled compartment in 1934 by placing the ice slabs beneath the coach floor.  Frontier Mail was always regarded as elites’ train as most of the passengers were British and from the Government services like ICS, IPS, IFS. [Some of the information on these two trains have been taken from IRFCA Website].

With prestige at stake and the competition between Frontier Mail and Punjab Mail, BB&CI officials could not afford the likely negative publicity of their most prestigious train by showing the train accident in the film to the advantage of GIPR’s Punjab Mail .

The wider question as to why Wadia Brothers (and also a few other producers) became fancied to use the name of the prestigious trains as the title of some of their action-adventure-stunt films.  Trains like Toofan Mail, Frontier Mail, Punjab Mail were known to be the high speed trains of that time. The producers/directors of such films used the name of such high speed trains as metaphors for the hero/heroine executing their actions and stunts like the speed of these trains. Travelling in these trains, particularly, Frontier Mail and Punjab Mail was itself was not less than an adventure. What a contrast to the travellers when their journey starts  in a modern, cosmopolitan city with lots of amenities and ends in the North-West Frontier with rustic surroundings inhabited by predominantly tribal population with guns or rifles hanging on their shoulders.

My intuition tells me that in the 30s and 40s, there was bound to be a strong bond between Hindi film industry and the Frontier Mail. This train was a good link between Bombay and Lahore film industries. Being labelled as an elites’ train, most of the established film artists would have preferred to travel by  Frontier Mail for ‘to and fro’ journey. Most of the actors, singers and music directors etc coming from West Punjab region (now in Pakistan) must have travelled to Bombay by Frontier Mail to try their filmy career.

It is interesting to note that those days, Frontier Mail ran between Bombay and Peshawar. The film’s heroine, Nadia who was born in Perth Australia, spent years as a teenager  in Peshawar. She came to Bombay from Peshawar in search of a job in 1928, the year in which Frontier Mail was introduced by BB&CI Railway.

MISS FRONTIER MAIL (1936) was produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone and was directed by Homi Wadia. The star cast included Fearless Nadia, Sardar Mansur, John Cawas, Sayani Atish, Jaal Khambata. Gulshan,  Jaidev, Master Mohammed, Meenu Cooper, Bashir Qawwal, Munchi Thoothi etc. Fortunately, the film is available for viewing on DVD/YT.

The story of the film is as under:

The Deputy Station Master at a railway station is murdered by a masked man. He escapes from the scene just before the Station Master Maganlal (Master Mohammed) arrives. Maganlal touches the knife which has been used by the masked man to kill the deputy. The police arrest Maganlal for the murder. His daughter Savita (Nadia) and son Jayant (Jaidev) is informed by their uncle, Shyamlal (Sayani Atish) about the news of their father’s arrest.

Savita is fond of hunting, playing tennis and racing fast cars while Jayant is an amateur film maker. Soon Jayant and his friend (Munchi Thoothi) get involved in the villain’s evil design and manage to film the mask man’s gang readying to blow up a bridge. The masked man dynamites the bridge as he has been contracted to do so by a man who wants to promote his airline business. However, Shyamlal tries to implicates Sunder (Sardar Mansur), son of a railway official, for the crime.

There is also a gangster’s moll, Gulab (Gulshan) who is romantically linked first with Shyamlal and then with Kishore (John Cawas), one of the gang members of the masked man. Both Gulab and Kishore are reformed and they side with Savita and her brother, Jayant in hunting down the masked man.

Sunder has a soft corner for  Savita and rushes to help her in dealing with rail gangs and murders. He and Savita are involved in several chases culminating in a fight scene on top of a speeding train where Savita fights the gang alongside Sundar on her bare hands successfully. At last, the identity of the masked man is revealed. He is none other other than Savita’s uncle Shyamlal. Ultimately, Shyamlal is killed by the police while he is trying to escape in a plane.

Contrary to the general norm of having a good number of songs in the films of those days, ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ (1936) had only 4 songs. I have watched all the 4 songs on the video. The interesting common feature of all the four songs is that they are all shot in the same set depicting the gangsters’ den. Moreover, all the side actors in the picturization are more or less, the same.

Two songs from the film have been covered in the Blog. I am presenting this 3rd song, a ghazal sung by Bashir Qawwaal. It is the singer himself performing the song on screen. Meenu Cooper is the plump gentleman with a thick moustache, doing funny antics as the song progresses.

The name of the lyricist is not known. The song is composed by Master Mohammed who also acts in the film in the role of the Station Master.

[Ed Note: The opening one line of this ghazal is missing from the video clip. Since this video clip is from the original footage, I checked and find that it is even missing from the original DVD released by Wadias. I have added the opening line from my earlier notes, from when I worked with Greta Memsaab, Thomas Daniel and Raja ji, to write down the lyrics and their translation, for their subtitling project for this film.]

Audio

Video

Song – Karega Har Ek Qadr Jaani Tumhaari (Miss Frontier Mail) (1936) Singer – Basheer Qawwaal, Meenu, The Mystic, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – Master Mohammed
Chorus

Lyrics

(sharm kehti hai jo parde mein bithaane ke liye)
husn kehta main nahin hoon chhupaane ke liye
tu haseen tha to
mere dil ne bhi chaaha tujh ko
subhaan hai
hum to aashiq hain
tera naaz uthaane ke liye

aur
karega har ek qadra jaani tumhaari
karega har ek qadra jaani tumhaari
salaamat agar hai jawaani tumhaari
salaamat agar hai jawaani tumhaari
salaamat agar hai jawaani tumhaari
salaamat agar hai jawaani. . .
haa haa haa

in aankhon se poochho
ye dekhe huye hain
in aankhon se poochho
ye dekhe huye hain
ladakpan tumhaara
jawaani tumhaari
ladakpan tumhaara
jawaani tumhaari
ladakpan tumhaara
waah waah

agar dum bhi niklega…aa aa aaa
mera to dil se
agar dum bhi niklega
agar dum bhi nikelga mera to dil se
mohabbat na niklegi jaani tumhaari
mohabbat na niklegi jaani tumhaari
mohabbat na niklegi jaani tumhaari
salamat agar hai
haa haa

milo shauq se tum raqibon se lekin
milo shauq se tum raqibon se lekin
rahe mujhpe bhi meharbaani tumhaari
rahe mujhpe bhi meharbaani tumhaari
rahe mujhpe bhi meharbaani tumhaari
rahe mujhpe bhi meharbaani

kahaa us ne kissa aa aa aaa
mere gham ka..aa sun kar
kahaa us ne kissa
mere gham ka sun kar
bade dard ki hai kahaani tumhaari
bade dard ki
bade dard ki hai kahaani tumhaari
bade dard ki hai kahaani tumhaari
salaamat agar hai jawaani
waah waah
shabaash
waah waah
come again
waah waah

———————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————–

(शर्म कहती है जो पर्दे में बिठाने के लिए)
हुस्न कहता मैं नहीं हूँ छुपाने के लिए
तू हसीं था तो
मेरे दिल ने भी चाहा तुझको
सुभान है
हम तो आशिक हैं तेरे नाज़ उठाने के लिए

और
करेगा हर एक क़द्र जानी तुम्हारी
करेगा हर एक क़द्र जानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है जवानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है जवानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है जवानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है जवानी॰ ॰ ॰
हा हा हा

इन आँखों से पूछो
ये देखे हुये हैं
इन आँखों से पूछो
ये देखे हुये हैं
लड़कपन तुम्हारा
जवानी तुम्हारी
लड़कपन तुम्हारा
जवानी तुम्हारी
लड़कपन तुम्हारा
वाह वाह

अगर दम भी निकलेगा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰
मेरा तो दिल से
अगर दम भी निकलेगा
अगर दम भी निकलेगा मेरा तो दिल से
मोहब्बत ना निकलेगी जानी तुम्हारी
मोहब्बत ना निकलेगी जानी तुम्हारी
मोहब्बत ना निकलेगी जानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है
हा हा

मिलो शौक से तुम रक़ीबों को लेकिन
मिलो शौक से तुम रक़ीबों को लेकिन
रहे मुझपे भी मेहरबानी तुम्हारी
रहे मुझपे भी मेहरबानी तुम्हारी
रहे मुझपे भी मेहरबानी तुम्हारी
रहे मुझपे भी मेहरबानी

कहा उसने किस्सा॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰आ॰॰
मेरे ग़म का॰॰ सुन कर
कहा उसने किस्सा
मेरे ग़म का सुन कर
बड़े दर्द की है कहानी तुम्हारी
बड़े दर्द की
बड़े दर्द की है कहानी तुम्हारी
बड़े दर्द की है कहानी तुम्हारी
सलामत अगर है जवानी
वाह वाह
शाबाश
वाह वाह
कम अगेन
वाह वाह

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6 Responses to "Karega Har Ek Qadr Jaani Tumhaari"

Sudhir ji,

Thanks for adding the missing starting line which I was not aware of.

Dev Anand Dev Anand in 1943 hopped on III class compartment of Frontier Mail at Lahore to go to Bombay to be a film star.
Prithviraj Kapoor had boarded FM from Pehawar nearly 2 decades ago. Dharmendra also did the same in 1958.

Master Mohammed
Harischandra(1931)
Seeta Swayamwar(1933)
Lal-E-Yaman(1933)
Hunterwali (1935)
Sher-e-baghdad(1946)
Sati Sita (1946)

Thanks for this very informative and enjoyable read, Sadanandji. Really learnt a lot about the history of Frontier Mail from this.

This film is close to my heart because it is one of the films I subtitled for Memsaab. It is a pretty enjoyable film as well, as were most of Nadia’s films at the time. Even now, 80 years later, one can enjoy such movies.

Thanks for the appreciation.
Yes, the movie is still enjoyable to watch.

Sadanand ji,

It is always a pleasure to read your posts. You are an expert in making your posts a ‘complete package’ with related data, information,anecdotes and history etc. I appreciate the kind of efforts you must be taking to prepare such posts.
Thanks.
-AD

Thanks for your appreciation.

This post took me a record time of nearly two years to complete it NOT because of research but I lost interest after writing the story of the film and the list of Hindi films with titles of trains’ names. Whenever, I had a re-look at my draft post, I would postpone to complete it.

It was only when I saw the film in sometime last month and read the note on the credit title of the film that my interest in knowing as to why the maker of the film felt so to write the note that led to the scouting of information on the film.

When I got to know the reason for the change in the title of the film from ‘Frontier Mail’ to ‘Miss Frontier Mail’, it was unimaginable for me as to why BB&CIR should be so much worried about the accident scene in a film. IRFCA Website to which I have been periodically visiting for my interest in railways, helped me to understand that those days there were intense competition among railway companies.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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