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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘1936


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3619 Post No. : 14422

Today’s song is from a really unknown and unheard of film of the early era – ‘Fauladi Mukka’ (1936).

So far 3 films with this title are made in Hindi. The other two films were made in 1965 and 1985. The 1965 movie was a regular C grade action stunt movie of actor Aazad and the 1985 movie was a Tamil film dubbed in Hindi. It starred Rajinikant. I call him a sophisticated stunt actor, although he is known to have worked in serious social films too. But generally, in the world beyond Tamilnadu, Rajinikant is equivalent to unimaginable, logic-basher, nature-defying stunts which make you not only wonder but also bring you a smile.

It is a wonder that such an actor is treated like a God in south. But then, South has always been like that. Adoring the actors beyond acceptable norms, deifying them and even building temples for them. Once when I was travelling in Tamilnadu, I had seen a Temple for actress Khushboo (it was promptly destroyed by the same fans, when Khushboo made some sensible, practical and logical remarks during an AIDS awareness campaign). Now I hear there is a Temple for actress Namitha !

Forget about actors, but some typical film titles shout loudly about it being patently a stunt film. Can you ever imagine that films like Khooni Darinda, Khoon Ki Pyaasi Daayan, Khooni Jaadugar, Guru Ghantal, Atom Bomb, Bhedi Bungla, Khooni Laash, Madame Zapata, Daryayi Lutera and similar scary but funny title film, being a social meaningful film, showing a dedicated wife, dutiful son and disciplined children serving their grandparents?

The fun is, there is a fixed set of producers, directors and actors in an action film. Moreover, such films used to be shown in some obscure, dilapidated, old cinema houses. When I was young, I remember having seen stunt films in theatres of old city part of Hyderabad, having names like Taj, Delite and Moosa. Yes, a theatre on the banks of river Moosa was named as Moosa Theatre !

Ok, Ok, to make the matter short and sweet, today’s film too was a C grade stunt/action film, made by Wadia Movietone famous for such films. Low Budgets-No Publicity-Big Profits. This sure shot formula of Wadia Movietone prompted them to promote a foreign, daring girl, who was ready to any stunts in films. She overtook all the then prevailing stunt kings like Baburao Pehelwan, Kamran, Dalpat, Prakash and the likes of them and in a flash became famous as Fearless Nadia.

So, again coming to the point, ‘Fauladi Mukka’ was also a stunt film featuring well known action artists like Harishchandra Rao, Husn Banu, Sayani Atish, Dalpatram, Master Chhotu, Shahjehan etc. The MD was the usual stunt film specialist Master Mohammad. The leading lady Husn Banu’s story is very interesting.

Her mother Sharifa was an actress in the 20s and the 30s. She hailed from the Central Provinces and joined the Corinthian Theatre company of Calcutta, in which the famous Urdu writer Agha Hasra Kashmiri was also working. She and Agha fell in love. However during one performing tour, the Maharaja of Charkhari in Central Province, fell for Shareefa. He followed the drama company to Calcutta and bought the already debt ridden Corinthian Theatre company for Rs. 40 Lakhs. This included the entire property and the services of Agha and Shareefa too. Soon they resigned and Shareefa started acting in films.

A Parsi magician named Minoo Kooper (the actor singer Minu Cooper, the mystique, of Bombay was a different person) came to Calcutta to give performances. Shareefa was attracted to him and they both left on a tour of Far East. She went as his helper and a consort. For a year they stayed together. When Shareefa became pregnant, Minoo left them in Singapore and returned to India.

Roshan Ara aka  Husn Banu was born in Singapore on 8-2-1919. She was very beautiful. She started her career in Calcutta (just like her mother), by working in New Theatre’s film ‘Daaku Mansoor’ (1934). After this film, Shareefa brought her to Bombay and she started getting roles in Wadia films. She was working  only in C grade stunt action films. After 1940, she got 2 social films made by Bharat Laxmi films and in 1941 again 1 film each from Bhavnani productions and National studios. However she got only small or side roles.

In 1941, When she was selected for Ranjit’s film ‘Dhandora’ as a Heroine, this was a new experience for her as she had never worked in a social or a comedy movie as the lead actress. All her experience was for stunt films only. Husn Bano acted in 53 films and sang 44 songs in 16 films. She had married Wadia’s director Aspi Irani. Husn Bano worked in films till 1977; her last film was ‘Akhari Sajda and then she retired. She had a big house ‘Shareefa Manzil’ in Dadar, Bombay. On 23-11-1986, her husband Aspi Irani left home for work and he simply disappeared. He was never found and was declared as a “Missing Person” by the police.

Husn Banu was beautiful. She was featured in Lux Soap advertisement in the early 1940s. Leela Chitnis was the first to feature in this ad during early 1940. After that Azuri, Bharati Devi, Manorama, Ratanbai, Shobhana Samarth, Mumtaz Shanti, Neena, Sadhona Bose and Maya Banerjee have also featured in these ads.

Hero of this stunt film was Harishchandra Rao (Kadam). He was born in Bhuj, Gujarat on 11-8-1910. He did his early schooling in Bhuj, but his family shifted to Karachi, due to financial debacle. He did cycle repairing work and completed his matriculation by age of 18 years. He joined a touring film company. Once, while in Bombay he was watching the film shooting in Paramount company. Suddenly, the director offered him a role in the film. Thus he entered the films. from 1932 he did few silent films.

He joined Shankar Bhatt’s Prakash Pictures and worked in their first Talkie, ‘Bambai Ki Mohini’ (1934). He was with Prakash, upto 1939, doing stunt films inside and outside also. He did some films for Wadia too, in between. Finally he started his own company – Harishchandra Productions. He continued to work as actor, director and producer. He sang few songs also.

Some of his films were ‘Daulat’ (1937), ‘Naujawan’ (1937), ‘Rangila Mazdoor’ (1938), ‘Rangila Jawaan’ (1940), ‘Sukhi Jeevan’ (1942), ‘Lehri Jawaan’ (1935), ‘Inaam’, ‘Sone Ki Chidiya’ (1934), ‘Durbaan’ (1946), ‘Laat Sahib’ (1946), ‘Tamaasha’ (1942) etc. He worked in about 42 films.

His brother Chandrarao Kadam was also a stunt actor. He was known as Stunt King. He had his own company – Chandrarao Films. He acted, directed and produced films. The brothers were friendly with Master Bhagwan and gave him preference in their films, till Bhagwan started his own company- Jagriti films. Later on Chandrarao floated his own Chandivali Studio in Bombay suburb, which is still actively run by his progeny.

The film ‘Fauladi Mukka’ had only 5 songs. Listen to today’s song. There are some dialogues in the beginning. If you recollect, there was a famous song by Surendra and Bibbo, from film Manmohan-36, which had a prose line by Bibbo- क्या मै अंदर आ सकती हुं ?. This made the song very popular. In today’s song also similar lines are there and these songs were recorded earlier than Manmohan-36, as per record numbers.  may be this song perhaps had been an inspiration for the ‘Manmohan’ song. Just a thought !

The film and singer Harishchandra Rao make their debut on the blog today.

( Credits- Stages of Life-Indian Theatre Autobiographies by Kathryn Hansen, All India Film Directory (1946), HFGK, MuVyz, www.chiloka.com, Isak Mujawar, Vithal Pandya and my notes.)

 


Song – Prem Mandir Mein Manmurakh Yeh Har Ki Kundi Khole (Faulaadi Mukka) (1936) Singer – Husn Bano, Harishchandra Rao, Lyrics – Munshi Gyan, Music – Master Mohammed
Unidentified Male Voice

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

prem,
aaj ka lesson to khatm hua
aur is ke baad

behan,
prem ki pariksha to kar li
ab prem pariksha bhi kar lo

chandrakanta,
tumhaare bhai chhotu ne vaakai ek mushkil sawaal hamaare saamne pesh kar diya hai

haan,
sawaal, ye aisa sawaal
jiska jawaab siwaye zindagi ki sunehri kitaab ke aur kahin nahin mil sakta

o ho
aap (??) bhi hain
bhala bataaiye aap ki kitaab e zindagi
prem ke baare mein kya kehti hai

prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole
prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole
kaa..aath ki bansi
prem raag mein
har dam tu ru boley
kaa..aath ki bansi
prem raag mein
har dam tu ru boley

prem ki duniya kitni badi hai

ek hi bindu prem ki duniya
ek hi bindu prem ki duniya
saagar laakh samaate hain
saagar laakh samaate
prem naiya mein
prem nagar se
prem ke moti doley
prem naiya mein
prem nagar se
prem ke moti doley

aur prem ki shakti

prem nagar mein
mann mastaana
amrit ka deewaana
prem nagar mein
mann mastaana
amrit ka deewaana
vi..eesh ka pyaala
le kar paagal
amrat amrat boley
vi..eesh ka pyaala
le kar paagal
amrat amrat boley

prem mandar mein
mann murakh ye har ki kundi khole

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

प्रेम
आज का लेस्सन तो खत्म हुआ
और इस के बाद

बहन
प्रेम की परीक्षा तो कर ली
अब प्रेम परीक्षा भी कर लो

चंद्रकांता
तुम्हारे भाई छोटू ने वाकई एक मुश्किल
सवाल हमारे सामने पेश कर दिया है

हाँ
सवाल, ये ऐसा सवाल
जिसका जवाब सिवाय ज़िंदगी की सुनहरी
किताब के और कहीं नहीं मिल सकता

ओ हो
आप (??) भी हैं
भला बताइयेआप की किताब ए ज़िंदगी
प्रेम के बारे में क्या कहती है

प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले
प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले
का॰॰आठ की बंसी
प्रेम राग में
हर डैम तू रु बोले
का॰॰आठ की बंसी
प्रेम राग में
हर डैम तू रु बोले

प्रेम की दुनिया कितनी बड़ी है

एक ही बिन्दु प्रेम की दुनिया
एक ही बिन्दु प्रेम की दुनिया
सागर लाख समाते हैं
सागर लाख समाते
प्रेम नैया में
प्रेम नगर से
प्रेम के मोती डोले
प्रेम नैया में
प्रेम नगर से
प्रेम के मोती डोले

और प्रेम की शक्ति

प्रेम नगर में
मन मस्ताना
अमरत का दीवाना
प्रेम नगर में
मन मस्ताना
अमरत का दीवाना
वी॰॰ईष का प्याला
ले कर पागल
अमरत अमरत बोले
वी॰॰ईष का प्याला
ले कर पागल
अमरत अमरत बोले

प्रेम मंदर में
मन मूरख ये हर की कुंडी खोले

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This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3604 Post No. : 14384

Today is the fifteenth remembrance day for Anil Biswas, one of the pioneering music directors of film industry in India. He passed away on 31st May in New Delhi, in the year 2003. With his active years in the film industry (from 1935 to 1965) behind him, he had moved to Delhi by mid 1960s. Thereafter, he worked with the All India Radio in New Delhi, and was also associated with JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University).

As I am checking his filmography and the list of songs, as per the Geet Kosh, I come across a very interesting statistic. As per Geet Kosh, during his active years in the film industry from 1935 to 1965, he composed music for 82 films, of which three are unreleased films with songs available. The total of songs in these films comes to around 715.

Then I counted his body of work in the first six years of his career in films, i.e. from 1935 to 1940. Amazing to find out that in these first six years he has composed music for 25 films, logging in approximately 220 songs. This works out to be a tad over 30%, both in terms of number of films and total no. of songs composed. So in the first six years of his career (which is 20% of his career), he had already accomplished 30% of all the work that he would do for Hindi films. And now to the sad part of these numbers. Of these 220 songs, more than half i.e. 137 were not even released on gramophone records (as per Geet Kosh listings). Of the remaining shortlisted songs, just about 80 to 85 songs are available in public domain. This last number is as per my knowledge of available songs within the known circle of collectors – this number could be more.

A large part of this work from those six earliest years remains unknown and unheard – a sad commentary on the state of affairs of archiving and preservation efforts in the industry.

In remembrance of this doyen of music directors, I present this rare song today, which has an important distinction. As per the Geet Kosh listings, this most likely the earliest song that he has sung, under his own music direction, that is available. The Geet Kosh lists one earlier solo credited to him as a singer, for the film ‘Dharam Ki Devi’ of 1935, which was probably never released on gramophone record. This song from the 1936 film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ apparently is his earliest recorded song that is available in public domain. It is a duet in which the accompanying voice is of Sardar Akhtar.

The film ‘Piya Ki Jogan’ was produced under the banner of Golden Eagle Movietone, which, very interestingly, is listed as being based in Sindh. The region of Sindh could mean Karachi, but I am not sure about it. The film was directed by Heeren Bose. The cast of actors is listed as Sardar Akhtar, Pramod Chandra, Krishna Kumari, Merwan Irani, D Manik, Ashalata, Vasu HK, Sheila, Agha Jaan, Bannerjee, Niranjan Singh, Mehar Banu, and Anil Biswas himself. Now this throws up interesting question whether Anil Da is singing for himself on screen. The year is 1936, and the playback mechanism is just beginning to get a foothold in the industry. He could be singing for himself, since he is listed as an actor. Or he could be singing for someone else – being the last name in the listing generally implies a role with less importance. Once again, I cannot be sure.

Another interesting tidbit here. The cast of actors also contains the name Ashalata. This could well be the first film that they worked on together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to please comment on this observation.

The lyricist credits are listed as Munshi Zahiruddin, Niranjan Singh, and Meerabai (one of the songs in the film is a bhajan credited to her). The uploader of this song on YT, Shri Shalin Bhatt, identifies Munshi Zahiruddin as the writer of this song.

The song itself does not have too many wordy lines. There are passages of laughter and pauses. The song appears to be an exchange between a lady and a gentleman, having some good time together. I request other knowledgeable readers and friends to kindly add more information about this film and this song, if available.

With this rare and uniquely important song, the blog pays its homage to Anil Da, on this anniversary of his passing away.

[Auth Note: Some translations,
“sahn e baag” = open space, compound containing a garden
“abr e bahaar” = clouds of spring; or clouds of good season
“baadaah e khvaar” = one who drinks liquor]

[Ed Note: The song is uploaded on YT by Shalin Bhatt ji.]

Song – Saaqi Ho, Sahn e Baag Ho  (Piya Ki Jogan) (1936) Singer – Anil Biswas, Sardar Akhtar, Lyrics – Munshi Zahiruddin, MD – Anil Biswas

Lyrics

haa haa haa haa
haa haa haa haa
he he he

saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

pehlu mein tum hamaare
ae sanam
baadah e khvaar
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
saaqi ho
sahn e baag ho
abr e bahaar ho
oo ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa

bas
itna hi
. . .
aur kuchh
. . .
ab suno

saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
saawan ka ho mahina
din ho jalaa hua
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho
nanhi nanhi boondon ki barsi phuaar ho

haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa
haa haa haa

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

jhoola padaa hua ho
kisi shah e mahal mein

ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho
ik din(?) se khush gul koi gaata malhaar ho

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हे हे हे

साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

पहलू में तुम हमारे
ए सनम
बाद ए खार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
साक़ी हो
सहन ए बाग हो
अब्र ए बहार हो
ओ हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

बस
इतना ही
॰ ॰ ॰
और कुछ
॰ ॰ ॰
अब सुनो

सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
सावन का हो महिना
दिन हो जला हुआ
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो
नन्ही नन्ही बूंदों की बरसी फुहार हो

हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा
हा हा हा हा

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

झूला पड़ा हुआ हो
किसी शाह ए महल में

इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो
इक दिन(?) से खुश गुल कोई गाता मल्हार हो


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3502 Post No. : 14069

“Miss Frontier Mail”(1936) was produced under the banner of Wadia Movietone and was directed by Homi Wadia. The star cast included Fearless Nadia, Sardar Mansur, John Cawas, Sayani Atish, Jaal Khambata. Gulshan,  Jaidev, Master Mohammed, Meenu Cooper, Bashir Qawwal, Munchi Thoothi etc.

Mr Sadanand Kamath, our beloved inhouse HFM researcher has given some interesting information about this movie. He informs that the movie was originally named “Frontier Mail”. Frontier mail which used to run between Bombay and Peshawar was the most prestigious train of BBCI Railways. The promotional posters of the movie carried the picture of a train crash. BBCI offcials took exception to that. In order not to displease the BBCI officials, The movie makers changed the name of the movie to “Miss Frontier Mail” and carried the disclaimer that the movie was about the adventures of a lady and had nothing to do with the train.

The story of the movie, as reconted by Mr Sadanand Kamath is as following:-

The Deputy Station Master at a railway station is murdered by a masked man. He escapes from the scene just before the Station Master Maganlal (Master Mohammed) arrives. Maganlal touches the knife which has been used by the masked man to kill the deputy. The police arrest Maganlal for the murder. His daughter Savita (Nadia) and son Jayant (Jaidev) is informed by their uncle, Shyamlal (Sayani Atish) about the news of their father’s arrest.

Savita is fond of hunting, playing tennis and racing fast cars while Jayant is an amateur film maker. Soon Jayant and his friend (Munchi Thoothi) get involved in the villain’s evil design and manage to film the mask man’s gang readying to blow up a bridge. The masked man dynamites the bridge as he has been contracted to do so by a man who wants to promote his airline business. However, Shyamlal tries to implicates Sunder (Sardar Mansur), son of a railway official, for the crime.

There is also a gangster’s moll, Gulab (Gulshan) who is romantically linked first with Shyamlal and then with Kishore (John Cawas), one of the gang members of the masked man. Both Gulab and Kishore are reformed and they side with Savita and her brother, Jayant in hunting down the masked man.

Sunder has a soft corner for  Savita and rushes to help her in dealing with rail gangs and murders. He and Savita are involved in several chases culminating in a fight scene on top of a speeding train where Savita fights the gang alongside Sundar on her bare hands successfully. At last, the identity of the masked man is revealed. He is none other other than Savita’s uncle Shyamlal. Ultimately, Shyamlal is killed by the police while he is trying to escape in a plane.

This movie had four songs in it. Three of these songs have been covered in the blog in the past. Here are their details:-

Song Title

Post No.

Post Date

Gaawo gaawo ae mere saadhu 6147 29-Jun-12
Bhar bhar ke jaam pila de 10977 26-Mar-15
Karega har ek qadr jaani tumhaari 13032 12-Mar-17

Here is the fourth and final song from the movie to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Meenu Cooper, credited as Meenu the mystic. Lyricist is not known. Music is composed by Master Mohammad.

All the four songs in the movie, including the one under discussion were picturised on the same set. The song is a light hearted song where the artist talks about his experiences of betting on horses in the race course.

I have failed to get many words right in the lyrics. I request our readers with keener ears to help fill in the blanks/ suggest corrections as applicable.

With this song, “Miss Frontier Mail”(1936) joins the list of movies that have all their songs covered in the blog.


Song-Favourite main ghode khela (Miss Frontier Mail)(1936) Singer-Meenu the Mystic, MD-Master Mohammad
Chorus

Lyrics

Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
?? pe jocky jaawe
?? pe jocky ??
Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
hahahaha

seep mein moti bhi
meri kismat se niklega koi ??
seep mein moti bhi hai ??
meri kismat se niklega koi ??
sab ko ??? lagaao
??? hi lagaao

arre ?? tak main pahunch jaaunga
?? tak main pahunch jaaunga
joda badal ke
joda badal ke
Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
Favourite main ghode khela
arabi weller sab purzor
first class se first class tak
ghoda aaya shor
arre ?? se first class tak ghoda aaya shor
jocky ne jab side dabaayi
jocky ne jab side dabaayi
nikla number four
jocky ne jo side dabaayi
nikla number four
jab ?? pe jaa ke dekha
ye kismat ka andher
jab ?? pe jaa ke dekha
ye kismat ka andhera
ghoda mera thha nowhere


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3501 Post No. : 14066

Todays song is from an old film of the 30s – ‘Sunehara Sansar- from 1936.

Songs from films made in the 30s are difficult to find.If you find a song of a film of your choice, you are a lucky person. Sometimes, as a fluke, such songs are encountered and your day is made. Luckily, there are collectors from India and Pakistan, who collect songs from various sources and upload them on You Tube for the benefit of music lovers and history students. Since no collector ever discloses his sources, it is difficult to know from where the song has been taken. Actually it hardly matters as long as it is not used for commercial purpose. Such 70-80 year old songs are no one’s personal property in any case, once they are on public domain. The uploaders are also aware of it.

We are thankful to many uploaders like Shri Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji of Jodhpur, Shalin Bhat ji in the US, Javed Rsjs ji and many more such kind and helpful souls who serve the interest of Film music history, by making old rare songs available to music lovers and writers. Our own Sudhir ji, Atul ji and Sadanand ji too upload such rare songs. God Bless Them all. Today’s song is uploaded by Shalin Bhat ji.

The song is from a film made by East India Film Co. of Calcutta. In those days, the name Calcutta was synonymous with New Theatres, in the film world. New Theatres is a Golden Chapter in the Indian Film History. Established by BN Sircar in 1930, NT was not just a commercial entity, but an institution which strengthened the foundation of film making in India. Sircar established systems and discipline in film shootings. He was an engineer from London. Son of a very famous and rich Advocate General of Bengal, Sircar was a soft spoken but a firm personality. Being rich himself, he had no problem in building a well equipped company, without making a compromise on quality – both in in terms of machinery and people.

Most other studio owners like V Shantaram, Mehboob, Chandulal Shah, Sohrab Modi, SS Wassan, Guru Dutt, Raj Kapoor etc. took over as company’s film director, but not Sircar. He had a strong line up of capable directors like PC Barua, Hem Chander, Debaki Bose, Nitin Bose, Premankur Attorthy, Phani Mujumdar etc. He never ever interfered with directors choices of actors or work. Remaining in the background, he ensured shootings as per schedule.

NT was like a family. It ran on systems. It became a way of life for people working in it. Since its establishment in 1930, competition increased consistently, in the number of film producing companies in Calcutta. By 1938, there were 18 Production houses in Calcutta alone. They were – Arora Film Co., Shri Bharat Laxmi Pictures, Chitramandir RBS Prodn, Dev-Dutt films, East India Film Co., Indua Movietone, Kali Films, Kamala Talkies, Maadan Theatres, New Popular Pictures, Moti Mahal Theatres, Murli Pictures, Quality Pictures, Radha Film Co., Sonoray Picture Syndicate, Sunrise Film Co., and Tollywood Studio. Interesting point is, Bombay film industry came to be known as Bollywood many decades after this Calcutta studio – Tollywood – which continues till today for Bangla Film industry.

After 1939, the second world war created problems for NT. On one hand raw film shortage and  severe competition and on the other hand ego clashes of the stalwarts and exodus from the company plagued NT. PC Barua was the first to leave,in 1940, to restart his own studio. One by one people started leaving. From 1942 to 1947, many important actors, directors and technicians left NT and went to Bombay. During its existence, NT created an all time record as a company. It had produced  177 films as against the nearest competitor – Ranjit Studios of Bombay, with 175 films (as per Cine Advance issue dated 5th Dec 1980).

During the Golden period of NT, Debaki Bose made a Bangla film ‘Sonar Sansaar’ in 1936. The same was also made in Hindi as ‘Sunehra Sansaar’. During the period 1934 to 1936, Debaki Bose worked for East India Film Co. His film, ‘Seeta’ (1934) won the Honorary Diploma in Venice Film Festival and his last film there was ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ (1936). After this Debaki Bose (who gave the name ‘Kumar’ to actor Syed Ali Hasan Zaidi of film ‘Puran Bhagat’ (1933) returned to NT for the period from 1937 to 1941. He then left NT to start his own production company.

The East India Film Company was based in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, Bitish India. It was the first Indian film company to screen a movie at an international Film Festival. Started in 1932 in Calcutta, by RL Khemka, it went on to be a pioneer in producing films across several regional film industries, including Bengali, Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, and Tamil in the decade after its founding; till then, production companies were restricted regionally.

The company was formed in 1932 by RL Khemka, a local Marwari businessman in Bengal after acquiring the RCA Photophone studio, its location recording equipment, and its Mitchell cameras. In 1933, East India Film Company’s first Bengali film production, ‘Jamuna Puline’ was released. The director was Priyanath Ganguli, who had joined here after leaving Maadan Theatres. Riding on its success, the company became the first Bengali studio to venture into not just Hindi films, but also various films in South Indian languages. East India Film Company was soon producing a dozen movie releases per year, including several hits like ‘Savitri’ (Telugu) and ‘Ramayan’ (Tamil).

The East India Film Company’s ‘Seeta’, made by Debaki Bose, was the first talkie shown in an international film festival. It was shown in 1934 at the Venice Film Festival where it won an Honorary Diploma. Subsequently, Bose also made his noted film, ‘Sonar Sansaar’ (Hindi: ‘Sunhera Sansaar’) in 1936 under the East India Film Company banner.

Shot in Calcutta on a lavish budget of Rs.75,000, East India Film Company’s ‘Savitri’ in Telugu was a huge hit. Based on a popular stage play by Mylavaram Bala Bharathi Samajam, the film was directed by debutant C Pulliah and starred stage stalwarts Vemuri Gaggiah and Dasari Ramthilakam as Yama and Savitri, respectively. Like ‘Seeta’, this film was also shown in Venice Film Festival, where it too won an Honorary Diploma.

Film ‘Sunehra Sansaar’ had 21 songs, all written by its hero – Vijay Kumar, BA. [Author Notr: I have written about him in my post “Tan Prem Ki Raakh Lagaa Kar Ke“on 31-1-2018). The cast of the film was Vijay Kumar, Rampyari, Menaka Devi (her first film in Calcutta), Kamla Jharia, Azuri, Mazhar Khan, Gul Hamid, KN Singh (his debut film) and others.

Like several common feminine names in those days – Zebunnisa, Zubeida, Khursheed, Zohra, Amirbai, Gauhar, Radharani, Menaka, Noorjehan, Yasmin, Vimala etc, there were common male names too. One of them was Hamid. It was prefixed and suffixed by Gul, Ali, Syed etc. For example, actor Ajit’s real name was Hamid Ali and actor singer Shyam Kumar was Syed Gul Hamid Ali. I remember, once when I wrote about Shyam Kumar and his real name, our Sudhir ji had queried if he and the actor Gul Hamid were same. I had informed him that they were different.

Today we will know more about this actor Gul Hamid, who acted in many films in the 30s and died very young at 31 years only. He was a handsome young man from Peshawar. After starting his film career from Lahore, he moved to Calcutta where he worked in more than a dozen of silent films and talkies. Some of his films were made in Bombay too. He had many honors to his credit. He acted in Heer Ranjha, the first film produced in Punjabi and in Seeta, a talkie that won an Honorary Diploma in the 1934 Venice Film Festival. That was also the first Indian film shown at an International film festival. Hamid also wrote the script, acted in, and directed the film Khyber Pass (1936). 

Gul Hamid was born in 1905 in Pirpiai, a village near the Kabul River in the North West Frontier Province of British India (now in Pakistan). His father was Saif Ullah Khan. Gul Hamid Khan had three brothers named Abdul Hameed Khan, Gul Jamal Khan and Sayed Jamal Khan. Gul Hamid Khan was married to Patience Cooper (later Sabra Begum) from 1930–1936, one of the first early silent movie actresses.

He became an all-India celebrity when AR Kardar cast him in his hit movie. It is said that the movie industry never again saw an actor with Gul Hamid’s looks. He made his film debut with Sarfarosh alias Brave Hearts in 1930, which was a silent movie made in Lahore and directed by AR Kardar. In 1931, his films Aatishe Ishq and Wandering Dancer were released. Gul Hamid also had the honour of working in the first ever Punjabi feature film Heer Ranjha released in 1932. This film was made in Lahore and directed by AR Kardar. In 1933, his film Yahudi Ki Ladki was released based on Agha Hashar Kashmiri‘s stage play by the same name. His other films released in 1934 were ChandraguptMumtaz BegumSultana and Night Bird.

1935 was the richest year of Gul Hamid’s career as many of his films were released in it. In Bharat Ki Beti (1935), his heroine was Rattan Bai.  His other notable talkie films in 1935 were Sauteli BadruhiSaleema  and  MurdererYasmin was also released the same year in which his name was Behram. As per records, only three films were released in 1936 i.e. ‘Sunehra Sansaar’, Baghi Sipahi and Khyber Pass.  Khyber Pass was the film in which he not only acted but also wrote its script and directed it. He worked with his wife, Patience Cooper, in three films i.e., Baghi Sipahi, ‘Murderer’ (1935) and Khyber Pass. He died  in 1936 due to a throat ailment.(Hodgekin’s Disease).

The story of film Sunehara Sansar-36, as outlined in Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, is as follows,

This is a parable about human suffering and capitalist enterprise. The village headman has the bandits attack house of Ramesh to settle an old dispute. His wife Roma is kidnapped and infant son is abandoned in a forest. Years later, Roma works as a nurse to a kind millionaire and her son Raghunath lives with other unemployed youths, in a nearby house. They all dream about starting a Soap Factory. The father has become a beggar in that town only. No one is aware about others. Changed circumstances bring the family together and the kind millionaire helps to set up the Soap Factory.

Today’s song is composed by KC Dey, but the singer is not known. I presume it is Vijay kumar only. So, here is a song from an 80+ year old film. Surprisingly, the song is clear.

[Auhtor’s Note: Acknowledgements and thanks to Indian Cinematograph Year Book – 1938, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Muvyz, HFGK, Wikipedia, IPFS.com, Pakfilms.com, book by Ambarish Mishra and my notes.]


Song – Sukh Anand Aur Prem Ki Khaatir (Sunehra Sansaar) (1936) Singer – [Unattributed], Lyrics – Vijay Kumar BA, Music – KC Dey

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
hai. . .
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
jeevan saathi hai pyaari naar
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar

putra hai aankhon ka taara
jis se chamke jagmag parivar
aish ke jhoole jhoolo nis din
prem se looto mauj bahaar
putra hai aankhon ka taara
jis se chamke jagmag parivar
aish ke jhoole jhoolo nis din
prem se looto mauj bahaar
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
saathi ishwar gun gaawo
jis ne racha sunder sansaar

sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
hai. . .
is mein dhan dualat joban hai
jeevan saathi hai pyaari naar
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
sukh anand aur prem ki khaatir
bana ye soney ka sansaar
bana ye soney ka sansaar

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
है॰ ॰ ॰
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
जीवन साथी है प्यारी नार
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार

पुत्र है आँखों का तारा
जिससे चमके जगमग परिवार
ऐश के झूले झूलो निस दिन
प्रेम से लूटो मौज बहार
पुत्र है आँखों का तारा
जिससे चमके जगमग परिवार
ऐश के झूले झूलो निस दिन
प्रेम से लूटो मौज बहार
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
साथी इशवर गुण गावो
जिसने रचा सुंदर संसार

सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
है॰ ॰ ॰
इस में धन दौलत जोबन है
जीवन साथी है प्यारी नार
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
सुख आनंद और प्रेम की खातिर
बना ये सोने का संसार
बना ये सोने का संसार


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from the landmark film ‘Amar Jyoti’ (1936), made by the Prabhat Film company, Poona. It was directed by V Shantaram. It was photographed by his elder brother V Avadhoot and the music was by Master Krishnarao Phulambrikar. All the songs were written by Pandit Narottam Vyas. Today’s song is sung by Vasanti and chorus. The song is also used as a background song few times in the movie since it conveys the essence of the film’s theme- fight against injustice.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

 

Wadia Brothers’s (JBH Wadia and Homi Wadia) last silent film was ‘Toofan Mail’ (1932) which was released after sound films came into being.  As far as I know, the first sound film with a prestigious train name was also ‘Toofan Mail’ (1934) produced under the banner of Ranjit Movietone. This was probably the first action-adventure-stunt film with a title of the film after a prestigious train which became a huge box office success.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 6
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Listening to songs like this one, there are mixed feelings in the heart.  There is a pleasant joyous feeling that such wonderful sounds from almost eight decades ago, are available  and we can hear and enjoy them.  There is also a regretful irritation, almost bordering on frustration as to why more such songs are not available.  Why is it that all one can search and explore, and just one song is available from this film, and from many others.  And for many more, even one song is not traceable.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 5
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

What to write about the voice for which no information is apparently traceable.  Many artists of the 1930s have become obscure.  The Indian cinema industry is notorious for ignoring its own history and roots.  There have been no industry supported or sponsored programs or efforts aimed as compiling and collating the history of its own.

Akbar Khan Durrani Peshawari – a voice that appears to be a trained classical singer, has no traceable information available, other than of course the listings in the Geet Kosh, that identify maybe about 5 songs sung by him. Searching on the YouTube, one can locate maybe about four or five of his songs, all of which are not identified in the Geet Kosh.  There are two songs from the film ‘Sultaana’ (1934), which are available in his voice.  Both are wonderful gems – “Kitaab e Dard mein Likha Mere Gham Ka Fasaana Hai” and “Mushkil Kushaa Hai Naam Tera”.  On the blog, we have one more song in his voice already posted; the film is ‘Postman’ (1938) and the song “Hauslaa Aashiq Ko Chaahiye Dil Ko Lagaane Ke Liye“.
Read more on this topic…


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

The Wonderful Sounds of 1930s – 2
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Almost eighty years ago – ‘Miss Frontier Mail’ from way back in 1936. The caricatures in the video clip stand testimony to the pioneers of Hindi cinema. This is the famous original stunt film from the house of Wadia Movietone, featuring the famous fearless Nadia, the queen of stunt films in the 30s and 40s.
Read more on this topic…


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

“Prem Ki Aag”(1936) was directed by M L Kapur for Mukhtaar Film Company, Bombay. The movie had Mukhtaar Begam, Haseena Banu, Bhai Desa, Pran Shankar Acharya, F M Butt, D N Uppal, A R Akhtar, Safdar Ali etc in it.
Read more on this topic…


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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14400 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3600 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Total number of songs posts discussed

14449

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Movies with all their songs covered =1146
Total Number of movies covered =3938

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