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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Baalam Pardesia Saajan Pardesia

Posted on: April 5, 2019


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3913 Post No. : 14973

Today’s song is from the film Dekho ji-47.

The film was made by Punjab Film Corporation and was produced and directed by its owner Wali Sahab. He also wrote the lyrics. The music was by Tufail Faruqi and his assistant Sabir Hussain ( 5 and 6 songs credited respectively).

This was one of the films of 1947, from which almost everyone- the cast, producer, director, lyricist, composers etc etc all migrated to Pakistan after Partition- some immediately and few after some time. This was of course not unusual. As the year 1947 began, news was circulating about the partition. Like many other industries, Film industry was also worried. There was an air of uncertainty. Who will stay and who will migrate was hotly debated in the privacy of homes, studios and clubs. People looked at each others with suspicion. Muslims were worried about their safety in India, in spite of the assurances by Gandhi and Nehru.

Crores of rupees were invested in films. After the second world war started in 1939, lot of Black money was generated and much of it came to Film industry. Investors, Financiers and producers were worried about half made films. Everybody seemed to be in a hurry to finish his assignment on hand. Due to this the quantity of films increased,sadly at the cost of quality. 1947 saw a record number of films made in 1947- 181 Hindi films, the highest ever since films were made. It took another 40 years to break this record in 1988, when 185 films were made.

Almost 75 to 80 % films of 1947 were obscure and forgotten within a short time. Films like Aisa Kyun, Atom Bomb, Barrister, Beete Din, Chalte chalte, Chandrahaas, Dehati, Daulat Ke Liye, Extra Girl, Farz, Gaurav, Gudiya, Heera, Janata, Jhalak, Khandaani, Lalat, Manmani, mere Bhagwan, Mohan, Nai Baat, Pehla Pyar, Paro, Riwaz, Shabari, Shahkaar, Tohfa, Toote Dil, Veerangana are some of the films made in 1947. How many of us even know about them ? Actually, some of these were films in which well known and major stars of the times had acted. For example, Mohan had Dev Anand as Hero, Lalat was the debut film of Usha Kiran (as Usha Marathe), Prem Adib and Vanmala had acted in Chandrahaas etc etc.

Not that ALL films were bad. Certainly some famous and excellent films providing some Milestones of Hindi cinema were also made in 1947, like Aapki Sewa Mein (First playback song of Lata M), Bela (all 10 songs by Zohrabai Ambalawali), Dard (Debut song of Umadevi), Elaan (a bold Muslim social film by Mehboob Khan), Jugnu (the only film of Dilip kumar and Noorjehan), Meera (all 18 songs by MS Subbulaxmi), Mirza Sahibaan (last film of Noorjehan in India), Neel Kamal ( debut of Raj kapoor and Madhubala as lead pair), Parwana (Last film of KL Saigal), Shadi Se Pehle ( first duet of Rafi and Lata) and Shehnai (epoch making music by C Ramchandra).

Nevertheless partition did have an impact on the Film industry, due to the migration of artistes from both countries. LAHORE an important city in the undivided Punjab in the pre-independence days was one of the major Film making Centres in India. Talented actors and musicians from all Punjab and Sindh area tried their luck in the Cine Industry at Lahore. Nevertheless, the biggest centre of film production was Bombay and it was every aspiring artiste’s dream to go to Bombay and shine there. The film activity at Lahore increased considerably in the early 40s in terms of film production and Music. Those days Lahore was called ” a supply source” for Bombay, as many actors and musicians shifted their base to Bombay from there.

In the communal frenzy, polarisation of artistes took place. Hindus shifted to Bombay and Muslims left for Lahore. But there were some reverse migrations also in this period. One example each is of Sahir Ludhiyanvi who migrated to India, and Deebo Bhattacharya from Calcutta migrated to Karachi and prospered in Pakistan as a successful music director.

Some of the families got divided, like Mehboob Khan opted to remain in India, but his brother MR Khan remained in Pakistan and worked as a well known producer. Juhi Chawla’s grandfather JC Anand and uncle Satish Anand stayed in Lahore. Consequently they became the pioneers of Pakistan Film Industry. After the divorce Rafi’s first wife also migrated to Pakistan with her children.

At the actual time of Partition some artists were in Lahore for film work. They were BR Chopra, Ramanand Sagar, IS Johar, Gulshan Rai, Omprakash, Jeevan, OP Nayyar, Rajinder Singh Bedi, Naqsh Lyallpuri, Surinder and Prakash Kaur and Pushpa Hans. They all left Lahore hurriedly and reached Bombay safely.

However this journey was not so safe for one actor – comedian Durga Prasad, known as Durga Mota. He was very fat. In the melee, he reached the Lahore station and somehow boarded the train to Bombay. Suddenly a group of mad rioters entered the Lahore station and started killing the travelers. Most people ran helter skelter, but due to his heavy body, Durga Mota could not run and was cut into pieces on the Lahore station platform itself !

Same way many artistes from Bombay left for Lahore and ALL of them reached safely.

With so many people migrating to Pakistan at a time and the condition of Pakistan Film Industry then, it is a moot question, whether all these migrants could get work there and shine ?

There were 2 types of people who migrated-

1. Those who had achieved their peaks already in India and

2. Those who had just started their careers.

Obviously the second group, at least some of them, could do well there eventually.

Some of the successful migrants there were – Noor jahan, Khursheed Anwar, GA Chisti, Nissar Bazmi, Firoz Nizami, Najam Naqvi, Nakshab Jarachavi, Sibtain Fazli, Wali Saheb, Manto, Rashid Atre, Sudhir, Santosh, Asha Posley, Shameem, Najma, Yasmeen, Ragini, Zahoor Shah, Shaikh Iqbal, Himalaywala, Nazar, Rafiq Gaznavi, Tanvir Naqvi, Iqbal Bano etc.

Some of the unfortunate ones were – Meena Shorey, Ratan Kumar, M Sadiq, Charlie, Ghori, Kumar, Sheikh Mukhtar, Najmul Hussain, Neena, Kalavati, Maya Devi, Ghulam Hyder, Nashaad, Premlata etc.

Almost all the artists who shifted to Bombay prior to Partition did very well here.

There was a second wave of Migration in the 50s, during which many artistes like Veera, Rattan Kumar, Rehana, Mumtaz Shanti, Meena Shorey, Wali Sahib, K Anwar etc migrated to Pakistan.

Partition did some damage to India, but as there was a second line waiting to take over, the impact was negligible. However, Pakistan had to build a new film industry with the help of the migrant artistes in almost all departments of film making. Once this generation ended their career,unfortunately there was not much of a second line to take over in Pakistan.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inaayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film Kamli), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films- Aaina-44 and Director-47), Tufail Farooqi (2 films-Sona Chandi-46 and Dekho Ji-47). Inayat Hussain of course became a Legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, in 1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined All India Radio, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘-46. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave opportunity to a young but promising new comer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Ji’-47. Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 6 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition, Tufail migrated to Pakistan, along with family and Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ -1970 had a song- ”Mera sona des kissan da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye desh hai veer jawanon ka” from ‘Naya Daur’-57. The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he got a son-Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He had married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He passed away in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Film ‘Dekho Ji’s cast was Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Khatoon, Haroon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc. Anjum was the hero in this film. From his photos in Film India issues of 1946, he looked to be a very handsome young man. He was also seen in 2 more films-‘Bichhade Balam’ and ‘Rehnuma’, both of 1948. After this, I guess, he migrated to Pakistan like many other artistes, because now his name appears in many films made in Pakistan, during the period 50s to the 80s. Some of his films made there are, ‘Waada’-57, ‘Nai Ladki’-58, ‘Beqasoor’-69, ‘Shami’-89 etc.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpore and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs.40 p.m. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’-31 and ‘Gul Bakavli’-32. He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in film ‘Fidai Tohid’-34 as a hero. He gave music to film ‘Gunehgar’-36. He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’-38 and ‘Daughters of India’-39. His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’-35. He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’-41.

His best role came in ‘Sharada’-42, as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in film ‘Keemat’-46. Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’-41, ‘Armaan’-42, ‘Sukh Dukh’-42, ‘Kanoon’-43, ‘Sanjog’-43, ‘Geet’-44 and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’-45. After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’-49, ‘Namoona’-49 and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’-49. After this he possibly migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of Film India magazine was his fan.

I have no idea whatsoever about the story line of this film. From the various photographs and comments in Film India 1946 issues, the film seemed to be interesting and entertaining with dance, drama and songs. It seems the film was completed in record time, but it was not released in 1947 for sure. Actually, most of the 1947 censored movies got released in 1948, due to the disturbed political atmosphere in the country in 1947.

Here is a very melodious song from this film, sung by Shamshad Begum.


Song-Baalam Pardesia Saajan Pardesia (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Shamshad Begum, Lyrics- Wali sahab, MD-Tufail Farooqui

Lyrics

baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia
kaali ghataayen ghir ghir aayin
ghir aayin
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni ee
jhool rahi jhoola
saajan sang sajni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
aur main akeli
jaloon bin agni
haaye raam
kaun sautan man bhaayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
chhod gaye jab se
baalam harjaai re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
nainon mein tab se hi
nindiya na aayi re
ansuwan se ho gayi
sagaai re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia

poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
poochh rahi tum se
kadamb ki chhaiyyaan
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
akeli ko chhod ke
kahaan gaye sainyya
teri khabariya na aayi re
duhaayi re
duhaayi re
baalam pardesia
saajan pardesia aa aa

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————-

बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया
काली घटाएँ घिर घिर आईं
घिर आईं
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
झूल रही झूला
साजन संग सजनी
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
और मैं अकेली
जलूँ बिन अग्नि
हाए राम
कौन सौतन मन भाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
छोड़ गए जब से
बालम हरजाई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
नैनों में तब से ही
नींदिया ना आई रे
अंसुवन से हो गई सगाई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
पूछ रहीं तुमसे
कदम्ब की छईंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
अकेली को छोड़ के
कहाँ गए सैंयां
तेरी खबरिया ना आई रे
दुहाई रे
दुहाई रे
बालम परदेसिया
साजन परदेसिया

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over ELEVEN years. This blog has over 15200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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Total Number of movies covered =4181

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