Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Raaja pyaare mat karo pyaar kaa mol

Posted on: August 17, 2020

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of, then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4413 Post No. : 15812

Today’s song is from film Patrani-1956. It was a Prakash Pictures’ film, produced by Shankarbhai Bhatt-the elder brother and directed by Vijay Bhatt, the younger brother. The music was by Shankar-Jaikishen (S-J). Songs were written by Shailendra (9) and Hasrat Jaipuri (1).

In my last post, I had talked about songs from the 50’s decade, especially songs from Shankar-Jaikishen films of this decade. I was determined to discuss such songs from Shankar-Jaikishen in the 50’s, so I started scanning each of their films made in the 50s. From 1951 to 1960, Shankar-Jaikishen gave music in a total of 41 films. First, I made a list and then revised it to an alphabetical list. That way, it would be easier for me to check songs from every film, from the Blog’s ” List of songs-moviewise”. Before starting, I went through the list once again and my heart sank. Looking at the titles of the films, I was afraid that most films must have already been ‘ Yippied ‘.

When I sat at the Laptop and started going through the movie titles, my worst fears seemed to get confirmed. When I finished scanning all the 41 films, I found that as many as 40 films out of the 41 total films had been Yippied, with all their songs covered. Only 2 songs from the film Patrani-56 miraculously remained uncovered yet. I felt like ‘ खोदा पहाड और निकला चूहा ‘. At this point , I remembered that in Nov-Dec-2015, I had myself done a series ” Songs of Shankar-Jaikishen from the 50’s “, in this Blog. In this series, I think, I must have discussed some 15 songs from 15 such films. Film Patrani-56 song was also one of that series, I remember.

Today’s song is from the film Patrani-56, and Shankar- Jaikishan were the Music Directors. Yesteryear composer Lallubhai Nayak was their assistant in this film. Lallubhai was the First music Director of Prakash Pictures since 1934. He gave a break to Rajkumari in 1934. He was a paid composer with Prakash in the 30s. Later he was first replaced by Shankar Rao Vyas and then by Naushad. After 1948, Lallubhai was living an anonymous life. Shankar Jaikishan brought him again in the industry with Patrani-56, to help him financially.

Patrani-56 was probably the First film of Shankar Jaikishan after they fought back and gained control over their music compositions in Raj Kapoor movies where Raj Kapoor used to exercise control over their compositions till then.

The film is set in Gujarat in the 11th century. it was based on a novel by Kanhaiyalal Munshi. The producers took plenty of cinematic liberties with the novel. PATRANI-1956 was supposed to be a Historical film, but there is no base for its story in real History. As I said once, Historical movies in India are most of the times ’Distortical’ movies, either being imaginary or bent for cinematic liberty.

A Prakash picture’s film (actually they were known for Mythological films), it was directed by Vijay Bhatt, its owner himself. The story, Dialogues and Screenplay was by R.S.Chaudhary. The music was by Shankar-Jaikishen and their assistant in this film was Lallubhai Naik, who played Sarod in this film.

The story of Patrani -56 was…..

King Karnadev Solanki,king of Gujrat(Pradeep Kumar) had many queens but no issues. The Rajmata(Durga Khote) insisted that he marry another girl after ascertaining astrologically her capability to give children.

The king had seen one princess in Somnath temple once and wanted to marry only her.But he does not know who she is. Actually she is princess Mrinal(Vyjayanti Mala) daughter of King Jai keshi(Ramesh Sinha) ofKarnatak.She was on a Teerth yatra when she saw Karnadev. She also wanted to only marry him,but did not know who he was.

Munjal Mehta (David),Mahamantri of Karndev goes on a mission and soon finds out Mrinal.She is beautiful,but her skin becomes black in the sunlight.Munjal knows Karndev’s dislike of black.mrinal is astrologically also fit.He tells her and shows the sketch of Karandev,after which she is happily ready to marry him.

They all travel to Gujarat, but during travel Mrinal’s skin becomes black.During marriage,there is a veil,but after marriage Karndev sees that she is black and rejects her.

She is good natured and becomes Raj mata’s pet. When the King falls sick, Mrinal serves him very well and slowly the King realises that outer skin colour does not make a person good or bad. He accepts her as she is and all’s well that ends well.

The cast of the film included Vaijayanti mala, Pradeep kumar, Omprakash, Shashikala, Praveen Paul, Sheela Vaz, Helen, David, Jeevan and many others.Actress Praveen Paul was born in 1930 in Punjab. She entered films in 1953, with the film Naulakha Haar-53. She did 128 films.Her last film was Sawerey wali gaadi-86. After her first marriage ended, she got involved with actor K.N.Singh. K.N.Singh was married and never acknowledged Praveen. They were involved with each other for 25 years. From this relationship , they had a son named “Vibhu”. He also went by the name’s “Vibhu Paul”,”Vibhu Singh”. He is now known as “Vibhushan Singh Paul” and is based in Toronto, Ontario,Canada. He is an owner operator of a Transport company. He has a daughter named Sarah Faria who is married to Cyrus Faria. K.N.Singh never publicly accepted Vibhushan as his son. (Thanks to IMDB).

This film’s Hero Pradeep Kumar was a fortunate actor. He was the first choice to play prince/king in numerous Hindi films. His talwar-cut moustache, broad shoulders, receding-into-his-temples coiffure, peaches-and-honey complexion, and regal bearing made him fit the role of an amorous aristocrat like a made-to-order crown.

Pradeep was the kind who could smoke a hookah with the same élan as while puffing State Express cigarettes when he played the modern lover.

Pradeep Kumar aka Sital Batabyal was born on 4 January 1925. Pradeep bided his time till he was 17 years old before he announced his decision to pursue an acting career. Despite his father’s disapproval, Pradeep began acting on stage. During one of his performances, renowned filmmaker Debaki Bose spotted him and cast him in a Bengali film, Alaknanda (1947).

Encouraged, Pradeep moved to Mumbai and found a job in the bustling Filmistan Studio. He brushed up on his Hindi and learnt Urdu in a bid to make an impression in his first Hindi film, Anand Math (1952). The film, set in the 18th century, had strong nationalistic overtones and co-starred Prithviraj Kapoor and Geeta Bali. The Vande Mataram number from this film became a cult success.

In the next two years, Pradeep’s career escalated to the top with two hugely successful musical hits — the Bina Rai-starrer Anarkali (1953) and the Vyjayanthimala-starrer Nagin (1954). While Anarkali revolved around the eternally popular legend of Mughal prince Salim’s passionate affair with a commoner Anarkali, Nagin was a reed-slim romance between two lovers belonging to rival snake-catching tribes.

The songs of both films (Nagin had as many as 12) had audiences transfixed. Pradeep’s lessons in fencing for Anarkali and his gamble of letting a python play on his wrist for Nagin paid off.

Pradeep’s regal demeanour won him legions of fans. He went on a signing spree (in 1956, he had 10 releases) and inked deals with V Shantaram (Subah Ka Tara) and Raj Kapoor (Jagte Raho).

All the top-notch heroines of the 1950s — Nimmi (Jayshree), Nargis (Adalat), Nutan (Heer), Meena Kumari (Bandhan) — were paired with Pradeep.

After Rajhath (1956), the actor tried desperately to make a hit pair with the beauteous Madhubala. They did as many as five other films together — Yahudi Ki Ladki (1957), Gateway Of India (1957), Police (1958), Mahlon Ke Khwaab (1960) and Passport (1961), but Pradeep’s efforts were in vain.

His films with lucky mascot Vyjayanthimala (including his home production Ek Jhalak) did not enjoy even a fraction of the success of Nagin. But his pairing with Bina Rai seemed to have stilled the wings of time. This teaming salvaged Pradeep’s career from the late-1950s dip, first with Ghunghat (1960) and more decisively with Taj Mahal (1963). Even a decade after Anarkali, Pradeep could evoke a regal aura while playing love-struck Mughal royalty. Roshan’s dulcet duet, Paon chhu lene do toh and Jo vaada kiya from Taj Mahal, like an unforgettable promise, continue to haunt radio listeners even today.

Pradeep’s career got a further fillip with Rajshri’s social, Aarti. Meena Kumari and Pradeep played lovers who bond together because of their common desire to serve the poor. But their love story comes under a cloud when a rich, unscrupulous doctor (played by the late Ashok Kumar) is irretrievably drawn towards Meena Kumari. Aarti’s success ensured that Pradeep and Meena worked unceasingly in a series of films. Pradeep once said, “Meena and I made a fine pair and worked very well together, but her husband did not like our friendship.”

He worked with Meena Kumari in seven films; Adil-E-Jahangir, Bandhan (1956 film), Chitralekha, Bahu Begum, Bheegi Raat, Aarti and Noorjehan; and with Mala Sinha in eight films; Naya Zamana, Hamlet, Baadshah, Detective (1958 movie), Fashion (1959 film), Ek Shola, Duniya Na Maane, and Mitti Mein Sona.

He did not get to act in lead roles with the newer heroines of the 1960s such as Sadhana, Saira Banu, Babita or Sharmila Tagore, though he did work with Asha Parekh in Ghoonghat and Meri Surat Teri Aankhen and with Waheeda Rehman in Raakhi (1963). In 1969, he moved to character roles with Sambandh and Mehboob Ki Mehndi, but did not have many visible roles till Jaanwar and Razia Sultan in 1983.

The first Meena-Pradeep film to release on the heels of Aarti was Kidar Sharma’s Chitralekha (1964). Pradeep played the hedonistic Samanta Beejgupta in this period film set in the Gupta period. Despite lavish production values, the stolid support of veteran Ashok Kumar and exquisite penmanship by Sharma and Sahir, the film collapsed at the box office. Kalidas’s love triangle Bheegi Raat, which featured the tried triangle of Ashok Kumar, Meena Kumari and Pradeep once again, was an average success. But M Sadiq’s Muslim socials Bahu Begum (Ashok Kumar again) and Noorjehan, both released in the same year, spelt the death knell for the team.

Pradeep, who had not signed a single film with the new breed of successful heroines of the 1960s like Sadhana, Saira Banu and Sharmila Tagore, suddenly found himself without a rudder.

In 1969, Pradeep saw a glimpse of success once again with Sambandh, albeit in a character role. Ironically, Ajoy Biswas, the director of Sambandh, who had provided him with a short burst of fame, caused him a lot of heartburn too. Biswas had a short-lived and unhappy marriage with Pradeep Kumar’s actress daughter, Bina.

Pradeep’s princely persona and impeccable Urdu was relegated to the pages of history for the next decade and more. But the onscreen prince was destined to play an emperor in Kamal Amrohi’s Razia Sultan (1983). Pradeep Kumar acted in 144 Hindi films. He directed one film-Do dilon ki dastan-1966. He won the Kalakar Award-Lifetime Achievement Award (1999).

The semi-retired Pradeep played the emperor as only he could — forcefully. After all, he had played blue-blooded characters all his life. He lived a life removed from the spotlight for the next 18 years. His end was pathetic. Pradeep Kumar’s case is the saddest. He lay seriously ill in the ICU of a Calcutta nursing home, abandoned by his relatives. The hospital was not discharging him, unless the bills were paid. Luckily one Mr. Pradeep Kondaliya, an estate agent, recognised him, despite his grown beard. He paid the huge outstanding bill of the hospital and took Pradeep Kumar to his home, where he passed away after a few days,on 28-10-2001, at the age of 76 years.. He was cremated by his fan. Such is the film industry – cruel and ruthless, where the recognition lasts only till one is successful, and even close relatives desert you in bad times.

He is survived by his daughters Reena, Meena and Beena Banerjee who plays character roles in movies and TV serials including Uttaran, son Debiprasad and granddaughters Tanisha, Suparna, Riya and Hrishita. Beena Banerjee’s son Siddharth Banerjee worked as assistant director in Sajid Khan’s Housefull 2 (2012) and Himmatwala (2013).

(Ack: adapted from an article ” Ever the Royal” by Dinesh Raheja in dt 2-6-2003 and my notes, HFGK and muVyz. Thanks to all).

So, here is the song from the film Patrani-56, with music by Shankar-Jaikishen. It is sung by sisters Lata and Usha Mangeshkar with chorus. Enjoy….

Song-Raaja pyaare mat karo pyaar ka mol (Patraani)(1956) Singers-Lata, Usha Mangeshkar, Lyrics-Shailendra, MD-Shankar Jaikishan


raaja pyaare
ho raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol
raaja pyaare
ho raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol

is duniya mein
ho is duniya mein ek yahi cheez anmol
raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol
raaja pyaare
ae ae
ae ae

tum khushiyon ke saagar pyaare
main ithlaati lehri
tum khushiyon ke saagar pyaare
main ithlaati lehri
tum umde to o o
o o o
tum umde to main lehraayi
varna thahri thahri
raaja pyaare
ho raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol
is duniya mein
ek yahi cheez anmol
raaja pyaare
ae ae
ae ae

satrangi kirnon ke sooraj
tumse jag mein jyoti
satrangi kirnon ke sooraj
tumse jag mein jyoti
main shabnam
ho o o o
o o
main shabnam tum se hi jagmag
varna jhoothha moti
raaja pyaare
ho raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol
raaja pyaare
mat karo pyaar ka mol
is duniya mein
ek yahi cheez anmol
raaja pyaare
ae ae ae ae

6 Responses to "Raaja pyaare mat karo pyaar kaa mol"

Very informative write up. Got to know lot of details. Thanks.

Liked by 1 person

Thank you.

Liked by 1 person

Thanks for very informative write up. All Patrani songs are my fav. In 80-90s these songs were HArd to get and one has to pay double to get it recorded. ALl songs were mostly heard on SLBC only. I could see this film very lately after 2000. Shashikala played good role. Thanks.

Liked by 1 person

Deepak Patwardhan ji,
Thanks for your comments.


Arunkumar ji

Priceless wealth of information bundled in your posts.
Many Thanks.


Liked by 1 person

Thanks, Mahesh ji.


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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