Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jagmag jagmag deep jale

Posted on: November 14, 2020

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4502 Post No. : 16040

As a simpleton, I thought that Deepawali is a one day festival which is celebrated on amawasya day. Now I realise that Deepaawali begins two days in advance, namely on tryodashi (or teras). This day is popularly called Dhanteras. Next day viz chaturdashi is Narak Chaturdashi aka Chhoti deewaali. Next day, viz amawasya is the day of Laxmi pooja, and it is the real Deepaawali day. Next day, the first day of next lunar cycle, is Govardhan pooja. Next to that is Bhai dooj. That is not all. On the sixth day after Deepaawali is Chhat, a very important festival in Bihar.

I am not the only simpleton. There are others. For instance, there are people who think that Govardhan pooja has something to do with Gobar (cow dung). 🙂 Not really, Govardhan pooja is pooja of Govardhan parvat, the parvat that Lord Krishna lifted to protect Gokulwasis from severe rain.

In addition to simpletons, even agenda driven activists have a field day during Deepaawali festival. They leave no stones unturned to tell us that bursting crackers during Deepaawali is the cause behind air pollution, and that fire cracker burning deewaali celebrators are big polluters.

On checking up, I found that in India 51% of air pollution is due to industrial activities, 27 % due to vehicles, 17% due to crop burning and only 5% due to fireworks.

So, Deepaawali contributes just 5 % of total air pollution. crop burning, which takes place in the same season contributes thrice as much pollution. vehicles, which ply round the year and not just on the day of deepaawali have been subjecting our lungs to five times more pollution that too round the clock throughout the year.

If we have to do introspection, we have to do wholesale introspection, and not just point an accusing finger towards deepaawali celebration.

The World Health Organization evaluated the concentration of PM2.5 particles to determine the most polluted place on Earth. PM2.5 (fine particulate matter 2.5) refers to tiny particles or droplets in the air that are two and one-half microns or less in width. These particles come from car, truck, bus, and off-road vehicle exhausts and from operations that involve the burning of fossil fuels such as wood, heating oil, or coal. They can also originate from indoor sources such as smoking tobacco, cooking, burning candles, or using fireplaces.

PM2.5 is an air pollutant that is a concern for people’s health when levels in the air are high. These particles reduce visibility and make the air appear hazy when levels are elevated. Some cities, such as New York, issue a PM2.5 Health Advisory when conditions are considered to be unhealthy for sensitive groups.

The Air Quality Index (AQI) is an index calculated for major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: particle pollution (PM2.5), ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide. The AQI ranges from 0 to 500, with zero representing clean air and 500 being the most hazardous. Values of 100 or below are generally thought of as satisfactory; however, when values are above 100, air quality is considered unhealthy for certain at-risk groups of people and becomes more unsafe as the value increases.

The cleanest countries in the world, as determined by the Environmental Performance Index (EPI), have high air quality, clean water, and strong environmentally-friendly policies and initiatives. These countries include Switzerland, France, and Denmark.

A total of 92 nations were evaluated to determine which had the highest number of PM2.5 – or which nations were the most polluted.

Air pollution is a severe problem in several countries. I found out that one can accurately classify countries as first world, third world etc based on air pollution level. The countries suffering the worst pollution level in the world are- Bangladesh (97.1 microgram/ cubic metres), Pakistan(74.27), India (72.5), Afghanistan (61.8),Bahrain (59.8), Mongolia (58.8). They are followed by Kuwait, Nepal, UAE, Nigeria and Indonesia.

Interestingly, first world countries like USA, European countries, Japan, Singapore etc actually have clear air, even though some of them are densely populated and highly industrialised. For example USA (9.05), Germany (13.01), Japan (12), Great Britain (10.83), France (13.16), Singapore (14.8) etc have clean air, even though some of them are located in the neighbourhood of third world countries. For instance, Singapore is located near Indonesia. Taiwan (18) is located adjacent to China (41), Israel (18) is surrounded by countries with higher pollution etc.

One can see that China, for all its pretensions of being the second largest economy in the world does not have clean air that first world countries have. So China, like India, is very much a third world country, air quality wise.

One can notice that India and almost all its neighbours have the worst air quality in the world. Except India and Nepal, other neighbours of India do not even celebrate Deewaali, nor are they industrialised. So, it is all about discipline, viz following rules (including pollution control rules) in our day to day lives. India and its neighbours are the most indisciplined countries in the world, who disobey laws and rules with abandon, and pay the price. They do not even realise that they are paying a heavy price. We in our region are taking in highly polluted air into our lungs day in and day out.

AQI (Air Quality Index) which is a superset of PM2.5 based rating is widely used to check the air quality of places. AQI below 50 is supposed to be GOOD. 51-100 is Moderate, 101 to 200 is poor, 201-300 is unhealthy, 301 to 400 is severe, 401 to 500 is hazardous.

Today, New Delhi has AQI of 390 (PM2.5 of 233), Mumbai 64 (31), Pune 221 (48), Kolkata 122 (53).

It is not that entire India is suffering from air pollution. We have places in Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala etc whose AQI is below 50 which means they enjoy clear air. For instance, Mysore, Hubli, Kozhikode, Chennai etc have acceptable air quality as of now. So if we can achieve acceptable air quality in parts of India (thanks to disciplined and responsible behaviour), it can be done elsewhere as well. Though there has been no dearth of people telling us about the ill effects of Deepaawali fire crackers, few people seem to bother about the alarming air quality throughout. It is high time we became aware of that and started taking action to rectify this situation. We cannot hope to become a first world country if we have third world level air quality.

So, unlike some others who would exhort people to shun fire crackers, I exhort people to become aware of the fact that India has very poor air quality and we are breathing in highly polluted air. We must act to improve our air quality. We need to do far far more than just shun fire frackers. We need to stop polluting the air which we are doing thanks to our irresponsible industrial and agricultural activities. Countries far more industrialised than us have managed to have cleaner air. It is time we did the same.

For now, let us celebrate Deepaawali in a responsible and safe way. Deepaawali is the festival of light. Light here does not simply mean physical light, it also means being better informed. Incidentally, the word “enlightened”, which is a synonym of “informed” has the word light in it, and that is no coincidence. Let us be enlightened and let us realise that deepaawali is the festival of lights. In addition to physical light, let us light the light of enlightenment as well.

Deepaawali is the day of Laxmi poojan. Laxmi, the goddess of wealth blesses those who are enlightened though education, training, research etc and who are able to create wealth through their enlightened activities, be they manufacture of goods, or provision of services. We find that the people whom Goddess Laxmi blesses on this day are those people who provide quality goods and services. Those who are buying these products are serving as willing couriers of wealth and they are handing over their wealth to the providers of quality goods and services. All this while, people doing deepaawali shopping are under the illusion that they are worshipping goddess Laxmi, whereas Goddess Laxmi has already been worshipped by those who are selling their stuff to the shoppers. 🙂

On the occasion of Deepaawali, here is a deepawali song from “Jeewan Tara”(1951). This movie, apparently a dubbed movie from south, was produced and directed by Joseph Teliyeth for Citadel Films Corporation Limited, Madras. The movie had T R Mahalingam, T R Rajkumari, P S Veerappa, K Sarangpaani,C V Nayagam,K P Kamatchi, C V V Tirupathi, Somu, Swaminathan, T P Rajalakshmi,V Susheela,T S Jaya, Lallitha,Padmini etc in it.

The song, second song from the movie to appear in the blog, is sung by Asha Bhonsle and chorus. Prem Dhawan is the lyricist. Music is composed by Vasant Desai.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics of the song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

I take this opportunity to wish everyone a happy and prosperous deepaawali.

Audio link:

Song-Jagmag jagmag deep jale (Jeewan Tara)(1951) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Prem Dhawan, MD-Vasant Desai

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
door huaa andhiyaaraa
chamkaa hai cham cham ujiyaaraa

chamkaa hai cham cham ujiyaaraa
kar ke haar singaar
thummak thummak chali naar
kar ke haar singaar
thummak thummak chali naar
chhamm chhamm jaisey koyi dulhan chaley
chhamm chhamm jaisey koyi dulhan chaley ae
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley

jhoothh ki aaj haar huyee
aur sach ki jai jaikaar huyi

jai jai…
jhoothh ki aaj haar huyee
aur sach ki jai jaikaar huyi

jai jai…aa…aaaar
naach uthha sansaar
mehak uttha gulzaar
o o o o o o o o o
oooo o oo o o o
ho o o o o o o o o
naach uthhaa sansaar
mehakk uthha gulzaar
ghar ghar aashaa ke phool khiley
ghar ghar aashaa ke phool khiley ae
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley

jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley
jagmag jagmag deep jaley

4 Responses to "Jagmag jagmag deep jale"

Happy Deepawali Atul ji!

Fantastic write up on Air Pollution! Truly an eye opener!

Thanks a ton!



Atul ji,

Brilliant , highly useful information. I knew about the parameters, but not in such detail. Very good analysis about air pollution.

Thank you for the post.


Atul ji,
An eye opener article on pollution and its causes/effects.
Thanks for all the data collection, interpretation, conclusions and lessons to all of us.
I enjoy such rare posts which are not only ‘ hat ke ‘, but also informative and on different subjects.
Thanks once again.


Happy Deepawali and New Year to Atulji and ASAD family. May this New Year bring health, happiness and prosperity in your life.
Very informative post, Atulji.


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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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