Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘S D Batish


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4802 Post No. : 16568

Today’s song is from the film Ladli-1949. This was one of the popular films of MD Anil Biswas in those times. He was still in his prime, but on the downward curve past his prime. By mid 50’s, films came at a snail’s pace to him and then in a few years he left Mumbai, shifted to New Delhi and his life took a 90 degree turn, personally and professionally.

Anil Biswas,the Bhishma Pitamaha of HFM, was a respected person in the industry.He started from the mid 30s and for the next 25 years or so,he created many everlasting gems in film songs. In Bombay, Playback was first started by him in the film Mahageet-1937. By the mid 50s his magic started waning and by 1960, he was almost gone from the industry. Initially he did 10-11 films with Sagar, then with Mehboob for National studios and then in Bombay talkies- where his name became immortal with the film Kismet-1943.

He married Ashalata in 1936. Along with her he started variety pictures and they produced films like Laadli-49,Laajawab-50 Badi bahu-51, Hamdard-53 and Bajuband-54. ( a less known fact is-Anil da had made a Guest appearance in the film Hamdard-53 as a barber.) He also acted in the film Mehman-53 (produced by Ashalata),as a Pujari and a song was shot on him.In both cases he did not get any payments. As a Producer he lost heavily, because Ashalata usurped all the money. Frustrated, he gave up everything and separated from her in 1954. By now, sweet links were established with singer Meena Kapoor-25 years younger to him, since 1948 itself. They got married with each other on 19-3-1957. The death of Brother in law and close friend Pannalal Ghosh in 1960 and younger brother Sunil in 1961 as well as his eldest son- Pradeep,broke his heart. He left Bombay and joined A.I.R. at Delhi on 1-3-1963,where he worked upto 27-6-1975. Later he was a consultant for Nehru University for a few years.

However,hardly anything is known about his eldest son Pradeep,anywhere. Here is some information,hitherto not known much,brought specially for our readers.
Pradeep was a very bright student and always topped in school and college. He passed his entrance exam and the interview,with flying colours for entry to NDA college at Poona,to join armed forces. He excelled even in NDA training.Not only was he very popular there but sang well too. He participated in the music Festival of Khadakwasla NDA and sang 3 songs,winning all prizes. He was also a NDA Topper.

Shri Gopinath Talwalkar,an A.I.R. Programmer at Delhi,used to interview the Toppers of NDA every year. That year Pradeep was the Topper, so he was interviewed. Though the interview was in Hindi, after the recording,Pradeep asked Talwalkar,in pure Marathi,whether his interview had been good. Talwalkar was shocked. Pradeep then explained that he was Anil Biswas’s son and he had learnt Marathi from his actress mother Ashalata. Pradeep knew Hindi,Marathi,English and Gujarati languages.

After completing his NDA training,he was posted as Flight cadet at Jodhpur. He was further promoted and became Pilot Officer in 1957. During one Training flight some altitude problems occurred and his plane crashed at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad, killing Pradeep instantly. This happened in 1961.

This was also the time of crisis for Anil da. He was struggling to survive. Films were not coming to him. Since he married Meena Kapoor, Lata Mangeshkar-a fast close friend of Ashalata , had gone against him and Meena’s singing career was suppressed. He had already lost Pannalal Ghosh and Sunil-his brother and now Pradeep’s death devastated him and he was literally forced to seek employment with Delhi A.I.R., when the opportunity came. After retirement, till his death on 31-5-2003, he spent his life in total anonymity and recluse. So sad for a composer, who was once a fountain of enthusiasm and who was considered Mentor by leading contemporary composers like C.Ramchandra.

By 1949, the Indian film industry had reasonably stabilised having gone through the rigours of the war period and total shake up of the industry due to the Partition blues. 1949 was the best year in the Golden Era of HFM. There were so many films offering evergreen, out of this world songs, that the audience did not know which film to see and which song to hear. The sale of records registered a Record of Sales in 1949. 157 films were made in 1949. Barring the figure of 181 films in 1947 ( we know the reasons), 1949 produced the maximum films from 1931 to 1984 – a period of 50++ years. What’s more, almost every alternate film gave superb songs. Nearly every Music Director of Hindi films was present in 1949, with his film.

This was also a transition period, when older composers were giving way to newer ones. Additionally, the competition between Naushad and C Ramchandra for the Number One position was at its peak. Though CR is my favourite composer, during the period 47 to 49, it was all the way Naushad who was the undisputed Numero Uno as far as quality and number of hit films were concerned.

In this period Naushad’s strike rate of Hit films was more than double, compared to C R, percentage wise. Naushad had 8 Hits from his 9 films in the period 1947 to 1949. For the same period, CR had only 4 Hits in his 18 films.

The year 1949 had absolutely heavenly showers of Musical Films. Some of such films were Andaz, Badi Behan, Barsaat, Bazaar, Dulari, Jeet, Apna Desh, Chandni Raat, Chaar Din, Sunehre Din, Shayar, Dillagi, Ek thi ladki, Kaneez, Laadli, Lahore, Mahal, Namoona, Patanga etc etc. The year 1949 also witnessed the introduction of A and U Censor certificates, the establishment of Films Division, the start of Navketan productions of Anand brothers and a few other landmarks in Hindi film industry.

Today’s song is an excellent song but rarely heard and not so popular for reasons difficult to fathom. It’s singer was Shiv Dayal aka S.D. Batish. I have a lot of respect for S D Batish,who did a marvellous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Music,by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer in 70 films, singing 115 songs, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with Beatle George Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba.

In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co.

He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.

His singing on AIR drew the attention of an older cousin, Pandit Amarnath, who was an accomplished musician in the Punjabi film industry in Lahore. Amarnath gave Batish the opportunity to sing a song – Pagdi Sambhal Jatta – he had composed for the film Gawandi (1942). The song became a hit, making Batish popular. But, all told, the experience was bittersweet. Ashwin says his father did not relish acting in the movie: the frequent takes, the blinding light from mirrors used as reflectors unnerved him.

As Amarnath’s assistant, Batish learned various aspects of music direction: rehearsing with singers, synchronising instruments and working with an orchestra. These learnings opened yet another opportunity for him. He was invited to Bombay by the Marathi writer and film impresario Keshav Prahlad Atre (Acharya Atre) to compose music for the film Paayaachi Daasi. But, in the end, credit was given to Annasaheb Mainkar.

After the Partition in 1947, the year Amarnath died, Batish moved back to Bombay, this time not to try his luck as an actor, but as a singer and composer. Several prominent music directors of the day employed him for their movies – Anil Biswas for Laadli, Husnlal-Bhagatram for Sawan Bhado, Hamari Manzil, and Surajmukhi; Ghulam Mohammad for Kundan; Roshan for Barsat ki Raat and Taksal; and Madan Mohan for Ada and Railway Platform. Some of his more notable songs were sung with Geeta Dutt in films he provided music himself, such as Betaab and Bahu Beti. He was associated with films in Hindi and gave music to 20 films, composing 154 songs, as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous.

Batish, whose musical oeuvre has been described as an “amalgam of classical music and Punjabi folk and popular styles” composed for 20 films, including Har Jeet, Tipu Sultan and Toofan. For two films, he composed under the name Nirmal Kumar – a moniker that Lata Mangeshkar had given him for luck, according to Ashwin.

By this time, Batish had grown disenchanted with the Hindi film world. Ashwin recalls that his father needed a steady income to sustain his young family, but payments were erratic and delayed. Irked by this, Batish worked for a while to set up an artistes’ union to give them a platform to air their grievances and demands. Then the family decided to go to England.

Shanta Devi, like Batish early in his career, had been an artist with the All India Radio at one time. To raise money for the air tickets, the family sold its land in Bombay’s Santa Cruz neighbourhood – now worth a fortune, Ashwin says. Its new home was on Birchington Road, a residential area in London’s West Hampstead.

The move to the US, as with the one to England, was a family decision. Shanta Devi’s initiative led to the Batish India House (at first called the Sri Krishna Café), a restaurant on Santa Cruz’s Mission Street that served Indian food while music was played by members of the Batish family. “I would serve food and then jump on stage to play music,” remembered Ashwin, who like his father plays several instruments, including the sitar and tabla.

The restaurant was featured often in the local paper, The Santa Cruz Sentinel, and ran till 1985, before music became the all-absorbing act, and SD Batish embarked on the “project of a lifetime”. His wish to collate, annotate, and set in writing every known detail of the Hindustani (the Ragopedia compendia) and Carnatic musical systems coincided with Ashwin’s discovery of Gopher, an early internet protocol that enabled files to be recorded, uploaded and distributed easily. It was a project envisioned after their visits to the library of the University of Berkeley yielded barely a few books on Indian music, and mostly on the Carnatic tradition. What was an inspiration for Batish to explain every raga became a boon not merely for music aficionados but also for his students who were familiar only with English.

He regularly performed with his children, Ashwin and daughter Meena, and lived long enough to see his grandchildren, Keshav and Mohini, grow into musicians. ( Thanks to obituary and bio byJason Ankeny and an article by Anu kumar in scroll.in dated 24-6-2021, along with muVyz, HFGK, Wiki and my notes. All excerpts are adapted ).

Today’s song is the 8th song from this film to be posted here. I like this song very much, I hope you too will like it.


Song- Kisi rangeen duniya mein na kya kya zindagi dekhi (Laadli)(1949) singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Chandrashekhar Pandey, MD-Anil Biswas

Lyrics

kisi rangeen duniya mein
na kya kya zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar
aisi zindagi dekhi
kisi rangeen duniya mein
na roti pet ko
kapde na tan ko
ghar na rahne ko
na roti pet ko
kapde na tan ko
ghar na rahne ko
magar kehlaate hain insaan
aisi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

luti duniya kisi ki
ee ee ee ee ee ee
luti duniya kisi ki
par wo sotey bhool kar rona
kafan laaun kahaan se haaaaye
kafan laaun kahaan se haaye
aisi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

umar baali phati dhoti
idhar kheenche udhar kheenche
umar baali phati dhoti
idhar kheenche udhar kheenche
jawaani bhookh donon se
sataayi zindagi dekhi
rulaa de gham ko bhi ek baar

Tadapte bhookh se bachche
padi beemaar hai beevi
Tadapte bhookh se bachche
padi beemaar hai beevi
padi beemaar hai beevi
na kuchh paayaa aa aa
na kuchh paaya
to rassi se
lalakti zindagi dekhi
kisi rangeen duniya mein


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4743 Post No. : 16470

Playback singing was introduced for the first time in Hindi films for a song in New Talkies’ ‘Dhoop Chhaaon’ (1935) under the music direction of R C Boral. The song main khush hona chaahoon was sung by Parul Ghosh, Suprobha Sarkar, Harimati and K C Dey. In Bombay film industry, playback singing was introduced for the song ‘jeewan hai ek kahaani’ in Sagar Movietone’s ‘Mahageet’ (1937) which was sung by Anil Biswas under his own music direction. Unfortunately, gramophone record for this song was not issued.

There is a general impression that playback singing was introduced with a view to making trained singers sing for actors who can not sing. But the original intention of introducing the playback singing was mainly to segregate the functions of composing songs from the shooting of the song to afford flexibilities in picturisation of the song sequences. Hence, in the initial stages of playback singing – say during 1935-40 – it was mainly actors who would first record the songs in their own voices which would be lip sync on them on the screen. For examples, actor-singers like K L Saigal and Kanan Devi in Kolkata, Surendra and Khurshid Bano in Mumbai used to first record the song in their voices to be playback during the songs’ shooting.

It was some time towards the end of 1930s and the beginning of 1940s, that professional and trained singers started lending their voices to be lip synced by actors who were not good singers. A beginning was made by actor-singers like Rajkumari Dubey and Amirbai Karnataki who either gave up acting or reduced their acting commitments to concentrate mainly on playback singing. Around the same period, radio singers like G M Durrani, Shamshad Begum, Zohrabai Ambalewaali and radio singers/musicians like Khan Mastana, S D Batish and Rafique Ghaznavi also started lending their voices to actors.

Soon film producers realised that the gramophone records of songs rendered by trained and professional singers sold out like hot cake swhich was an additional source of revenue for them. The stock of the handful of playback singers of that time went skyhigh when the songs of films like ‘Khazaanchi’ (1941), ‘Khandaan’ (1942), ‘Kismet’ (1943), ‘Rattan’ (1944) became very popular with the masses. The film industry felt the need to search for trained singers who could be used as playback singers. The easiest way of searching for prospective playback singers for films at that time was to consider singers whose voices ere heard on All India Radio.

In the last couple of months, I have been going through past issues of fortnightly bulletins that are available on line, namely ‘The Indian Listener’ of the All India Radio (AIR) from 1936 to 1950. Daily programmes of the various stations of AIR are listed in it . Browsing of the pages of the Bulletin has revealed that most of the popular playback singers of Hindi cinema of the 1940s had their origins as radio singers on AIR. Take AIR, Lahore, for example. Shamshad Begum started singing on AIR Lahore in 1937, followed by Noor Jehan in 1939, Zeenat Begum, Naseem Akhtar and Naseem Begum in 1940, Surinder Kaur, Mohammed Rafi, Dilshad Begum, Munawwar Sultana, Iqbal Begum in 1943 etc.

Zohrabai Ambalewali and Shamshad Begum had shifted their base from Lahore to Mumbai in the late 1930s and early 1940s, respectively while Zeenat Begum shifted to Mumbai in 1944. All these three playback singers gave some tough competition to Mumbai-based Rajkumari Dubey and Amirbai Karnataki. There were many other radio singers attached to AIR Lahore, like Munawwar Sultana, Dilshad Begum, Naseem Akhtar, Naseem Begum, Iqbal Begum, Rashida Begum, Bahar Begum, Mohammed Rafi etc. Most of them made their debuts as playback singers around middle of 1940s. There were also the radio singers from AIR, Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow and Kolkata etc. Some of them became playback singers too. For example, Zohrabai Ambalewali, G M Durrani, Khan Mastana, Geeta Roy, Mohantara Talpade, Sitara Kanpuri, Utpala Sen, Kalyani Das and many more,

I am very fond of the voices of playback singers Dilshad Begum, Munawwar Sultana and Nazira Begum. Unfortunately, their playback singing careers did not take off despite having very good voices for the singing of film songs. The total numbers of identified songs rendered by them since their debut totaled 27, 30 and 6 respectively. What could be reasons that they did not succeed in their playback singing career?

Neither of the three seem to have pursued the playback singing career seriously. They confined their playback singing career mostly to films produced at Lahore or with Lahore-based music directors like Pandit Amarnath, G A Chishti, Lachhiram Tomar and lesser-known music directors like Inayat Hussain, K S Sagar and Master Mohan. Probably, they did not wish to travel out of Lahore for song recordings say, in Mumbai. Most of the films for which they sang were not from the top banners. To add to their woes, due to partition, some of the films produced during 1946-47 were either remained unreleased or had released after inordinate delays.

The Blog has so far covered the melodious voices of Lahore’s lesser-known playback singers, Munawwar Sultana (11), Dilshad Begum (12) and Nazira Begum (1). I am presenting today, a melodious song from the film ‘Chupke Chupke’ (1948) sung by one of the lesser known playback singers from Lahore. The song is a ghazal, ‘apne dil mein pyaar ki duniya basa kar loot gaye’ which is set to music by S D Batish. There were two lyricists – Tufail Hoshiyarpuri and Wakar Pandey. But individual distributions of the songs among the lyricists are not available.

It is learnt that the label of 78 RPM gramophone record of the song does not mentione the name of the singer. Some on-line websites have mentioned the name of the singer as Iqbal Bano. I have some doubt about Iqbal Bano being the singer of the song on two counts. First, the singing voice in the song under discussion does not sound to match with that of Iqbal Bano. Second, Iqbal Bano was born sometime in 1935. At the time of the recording of the song which could be as early as 1946 (I suspect the film was the victim of partition and its released got delayed to 1948), Iqbal Bano’s age was around 12 years. I wrote to Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji, an expert in identifying the singers of Hindi film songs especially of 1930s and 1940s. He replied that Jayraman of RMIM Group has identified the singer of the song as Nazira Begum and he agrees with him. So, for the time being, Nazira Begum has been accredited as the playback singer of the song under discussion.

This song proves that Nazira Begum had a very melodious voice. She has rendered the indentified songs in only 4 films, out of which three films remained unreleased – ‘Rustam Aur Sohrab (1940s), ‘Pardesi Baalam’ (1940s) and ‘Basant Panchami’ (1940s).

Audio Clip:

Song-Apne dil mein pyaar ki duniya basa kar lut gaye (Chupke Chupke)(1948) Singer-Nazeera Begam, MD-S D Batish

Lyrics

apne dil mein pyaar ki
duniya basa kar lut gaye
gair nikle hum jinhen
apna bana kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

zindagi ki har khushi
karwat badal kar rah gayi
zindagi ki har khushi
karwat badal kar rah gayi
ek wafa na aashna hai se
dil laga kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

kya khabar
iss mohabbat ki haqeeqat hai fareb
kya khabar
iss mohabbat ki haqeeqat hai fareb
pyaar ne dhokha diya
dhokhe mein aa kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

shaakh thak wo jal gayi
kisi ka apna aashiyaan
shaakh thak wo jal gayi
kisi ka apna aashiyaan
apne dil ki aag se
dil ko jala kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki

kya kare….n
jaa kar kisi se
badnaseebi ka gila aa aa aaa
is dil-e-betaab ki
is dil-e-betaab ki
baaton mein aa kar lut gaye
apne dil mein pyaar ki


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4719 Post No. : 16427

When film making started in India, most films-i.e. about 98 %, were based on Religious Mythological or Folk stories. Even in that early era, there were Producers and Directors, who dared to make films on unusual but interesting subjects like Fictional kingdoms, highly scientific discoveries etc. Worth mentioning are a few films like Prabhat’s ‘ Wahan alias Beyond the Horizon’-1937, Prakash pictures’ ‘Mr. X’-38, Ranjit’s ‘ Prof. Waman M.Sc.’, Sagar’s ‘ 300 days and after’-38, Adarsha Chitra, Calcutta’s ‘ India in Africa’-1939 (first film to do shooting outside India, in foreign countries), Sagar’s ‘ Mahageet ‘-37 and the best film by Prakash Pictures-” Khwaab ki duniya’-1937. ( there may be some more such films too).

Not all such offbeat films succeeded, but surely they provided a Ray of Hope that Indian cinema will surely come out of this beaten track and grandma stories. I am not very sure, but I have a strong feeling that during the early films of the 40s, a few C grade action and stunt films too were made on such offbeat themes. One such film is Master Bhagwan’s ” Bhedi Bungala alias House of Mystery “-1949, India’s first Horror film. ( during the shooting, in one scene Bhagwan had to keep his eyes wide open-as if in fear. He stretched them so much and for such a long time that for one day he lost sight of both eyes. After the doctor’s treatment he regained his vision. Can we expect such dedication in today’s actors, in general ?).

For lack of proper documentation, we are unable to comment on such films of yore. As far back as 1936, Prabhat film company had made a film on Mutiny on the sea by a brave woman- Amar Jyoti-1936, featuring a new heroine- Durga Khote. Life on ships and sword fighting by a woman was mesmerising the audience.

The celestial entities have always enticed the Human Race. They were effectively used in sciences like Astrology and Astronomy. Since time immemorial Man always wanted to visit these planets sans The Sun. Moon was the centre of attraction. Could the Hindi filmmakers keep off from making a film on this theme ? Most kept off ! They , perhaps, thought it safe to use The Moon (चांद ) only in songs and dialogues. However, going through the list of film titles, I found that films using the word Chand in the titles were made, but barring a few C grade stunt and action films, this ‘ Chand ‘ was alluding to something else like the Lover, beloved and other similar things.

Film titled only Chaand were made in -1934,1944 and 1959. Then there were 13 films having ‘ Chand ‘ in their titles. As far as I gather, there were only 2 films made on fictional stories involving the Planet Moon. One was Chand ki Duniya-1959 and the other was Chand pe Chadhai (Trip to the Moon)-1967.

Today’s song is from film Chaand ki duniya-59. It is quite a long song….7.41 minutes to be exact. the video reveals that the song is filmed on the Hero Soham Kapila, the heroine Nalini Chonkar and the comedian Ram Avtar. If you remember, he had a hilarious role in film Teesri manzil-1966 as a co-passenger of Shammi Kapoor.

Ram Avtar Pandey, from Rampur-UP, started his filmi career in 1938 with character roles. In the early 50s, he switched to comedy, when he gained weight and a pot belly. Ram Avtar was a fixture in many Nasir Hussain films. His roles in Badi Behan-49,Nagin-54, Hum sub chor hain-56, Tumsa nahin dekha-57, Jab pyar kisi se hota hai-61, Phir vohi dil laya hoon-63, Teesri Manzil-67, Yaadon ki Baraat etc are memorable. His last film was Prem Geet-1981. He acted in 133 Hindi films.

The film was made by Filmistan, a big banner. Unfortunately, it was made as a quicky, without much interest. The film was directed by Mohan Sinha (grandfather of actress Vidya Sinha, of Rajnigandha-74 fame). The MD was Nirmal Kumar alias S.D.Batish.

Many composers gave music to C grade films using Pseudonyms. For example, C. Ramchandra gave music to action films in the name of ” Annasaheb”, S D Batish used the name Nirmal Kumar, Durrani used Gunjan as his name, to quote a few examples. But one name hardly anyone knows and that is Anil Biswas. Yes, when he gave music to film Begunah-1949, he used the name as Haribhai. His co-MD was Shyamu- which was C. Ramchandra ! This information is given in The Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema by Rajadhyaksha.

The cast of the film was Sohan Kapila, Nalini Chonkar, Ram Avtar, P. Kailash, Badri Prasad, Husn Bano, Indira Bansal, B M Vyas, Vijay Kumar, Noor (wife of Johnny Walker) etc etc. the banner was good, story was fine, songs were good, MD was good, Heroine and Director were good. The whole problem was with the dumb Hero- Sohan Kapila. he was one actor who was a Non Actor.

It is said that ‘No trees can grow under a Banyan Tree’. This is absolutely true and applicable in Film industry. Except in cases like the Kapoor family, i.e. Raj, Shammi and Shashi, who made their bright careers despite the shadow of their Father and other Brothers, we find that many of the sons,daughters,brothers or sisters of many popular and famous film stars were failures and never made it big in Hindi cinema.

We know cases like Suneil Anand, Nasir Khan, Tony walker, Naina Sahu, Meera Joglekar, Ajit Chitnis, Rajendranath, Narendranath, Anup kumar, Mallika, Khursheed Jr., Simple Kapadiya, Shivangi Kolhapure, Preeti ganguly, Radhika and many more. In spite of having all the backing of the famous family members, these and such many others just did not make it, because Talents are not always hereditary !

They all were given a fair opportunity to display their talent on the screen, but unfortunately despite their honest effort their skill could not come out & the viewers were left unimpressed . They were selected by big banners and well experienced directors were there to guide them. But their talent remained hidden inside them and with their nonexistent artistry they disappointed their mentors. Non-actor Sohan Kapila was in the romantic lead of Filmistan’s Babar ,which was released in 1960. Hemen Gupta , distinguished director, who earlier had directed Anand Math for Filmistan ,directed the movie and it also had the winning combination of Sahir & Roshan.

Dependable character actor Gajanan Jagirdar did the role of great Moghal Emperor Babar. But the movie flopped, as the new hero failed pathetically to register any emotion on his face. A big jolt for Seth Tola Ram Jalaan, who was already facing financial problems. Mr. Kapila appeared in 2-3 movies in inconsequential roles and disappeared from scene for ever. His daughter Padmini Kapila also pursued film career, but could not achieve much success .

There were many other actors like him, who got chances to appearopposite illustrious heroines, unfortunately their effort did not make any impact on the cine loving public. Watching their miserable performance on the screen, no film maker came forward to sign them again. Out of sight is out of mind, it was a matter of time when public as well as film industry forgot them.

Malhaar, as the name suggests, a musical film produced by great singer Mukesh in 1951. It had a story by veteran actor S K Prem & its evergreen music was composed by Roshan. The movie had newcomers Arjun & Shammi (Nargis Rabaadi ). Arjun did get another chance in Daku Ki Ladki to please the viewers with his emoting before the camera, but could not succeed and it was the end of his career.

Rattan Chopra the lucky boy was selected for films, among hundreds of aspirants. Mohan Kumar had suffered a huge set back when Aman flopped. He took the newcomer for Mom Ki Gudia, opposite Tanuja, with great hopes. Unfortunately, Mom Ki Gudia failed to dispel the gloom and sank to the rock bottom. Acting was not his cup of tea, Rattan Chopra understood and wisely opted out of the race of stardom.

K. Amarnath introduced new comer Vijay Kumar in his 1954 offering Alif Laila opposite Nimmi & Asha Mathur . Sohan Kapila and Vijay Kumar had impressive physique, but had no clue about acting. The movie had lilting music by Shyam Sunder ,which was his last contribution towards film industry .Helen for the first time got a chance to perform solo in the movie & for many decades she remained on top. But for Vijay Kumar it was his first & last chance.

Another non actor Premendra was introduced by old timer Vijay Bhatt in Holi Aayee Re (1970),which was directed by his younger sibling Harsukh Bhatt. It was pathetic to watch Premendra unsuccessfully trying to showcase his imaginary ability in the field of acting. The movie flopped phenomenally & a huge investment made by Bhatt Brothers went up in a cloud of smoke.

There were some more like Pratibha Sinha, Archan Gupta, Jayant Gupta, Ashok Sharma, Nusrat Kardar, Rajeev Kapoor, Manish Kumar, Navinchandra, Aroop Kumar, Prashant, Shalini, Kaycee Mehra, Vikram, Shekhar Suman, Deepak Kumar, Ajay, Som Dutt and many more.

With all this no wonder the film was a flop and a good story was wasted. Today’s song is the 4th song of this film on the Blog. But the song is good. Enjoy….

(some information is used from an article by M N Sardana ji in Voh din yaad karo. Thanks to him)


Song- Lee haay lee haay lippip pippi…aayee jawaani badi deewaani (Chaand Ki Duniya)(1959) Singers-Manna Dey, Asha Bhonsle, Unknown male voice, Lyricist- Qamar Jalalabadi, MD- Nirmal Kumar aka S D Batish
Manna Dey + Asha Bhonsle
All chorus
Female chorus
Male chorus

Lyrics

hahahahahaha

li haay li haayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi hayi lippi pippi pi

aahaha
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappa pappa paa

o ho ho
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi
li hayi li hayi lippip pippi pi

aahaha
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappap pappa
la hayi la hayi lappa pappa pa

o ho hoho

ye pappa pappi chhodo
chhodo ye haali holi
kuchh bolo humaari boli

tumhaari boli
haan humaari boli
aayi jawaani badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani

aaha
hans le gaa le maauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani

waah waah
aayi jawaani badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le

mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

arre laaga laaga laaga
teri ankhiyon ka dil pe nishaana
jaaga jaaga jaaga
tere pyaar ka sapna suhaana

o o o o
laaga laaga laaga
teri ankhiyon ka dil pe nishaana

jaaga jaaga jaaga
tere pyaar ka sapna suhaana

sapna suhaana
o ho
aaha
baanki chaal ada mastaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani
aaha

dil ko milale dhoom machaale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aa aa aa aa aaaa aa aa aaaa
aa aa aa aa aa

aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa

ye sama ye khushi jhoom uthhi zindagi
dil ke gulzar mein phool sa aa khil gaya
dil ke ye raaste jagmagaane lage
muskuraane lage jaane kya aa aa mil gaya
baat baat mein bani kahaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
dil ko milaale dhoom machaale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi diwaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

o tere bin mora jiya laage na
o tere bin mora jiya laage na
o tere bin mora
o more bin tora
o dekho dekho dekho
jiya la la la la la laage na
tera roop ghazab ka jaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha

dil ko milale dhoom machale
jake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj mana le
jaa ke phir na aaye jawaani, waah waah

haay maara maara maara
tere teekhe teekhe nakhron ne maara
dekho dekho behke kadam
zara dena ji sahaara

ho ho ho ho
maara maara maara
tere teekhe teekhe nakhron ne maara

dekho dekho bahke kadam zara dena ji sahaara
dena ji sahaara
o ho
aaha
mausam pyaara raat suhaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha

dil ko milaa le dhoom machaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

arre dhokha dhokha dhokhaa nahin khaana
yehi mauka hai shikaari
jeete jeete jeete khel khel mein jo
wohi hai khilaadi
haan wohi hai khilaadi
o ho
aa haa

samjho dil ki baat suhaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aa haa
dil ko milaa le dhoom machaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

aayi jawaani
badi deewaani
dekho kya kya laayi jawaani aaha
hans le gaa le
mauj manaa le
jaake phir na aaye jawaani waah waah

ab gaao pappa pappi
ab gaao halli huli
kuchh samjho hamaari boli

tumhaari boli
haan
hamaari boli

laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
waada pakka
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa

bilkul sachcha
samajhne waale samajh gaye
jo naa samjhe wo kakka

laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
waah

li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi pi

hoy laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa
laa hai laa hai lappap pappa paa

li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi
li hai li hai lippip pippi pi

hahahahahaha
hahahahaha


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4700 Post No. : 16395

“Pyaar Ki Manzil”(1950) was directed by Keki Mistry for Superteam Federal Productions, Bombay. The movie had Munawwar Sultana, Rehman, Gope, Kamal, Pratima devi, Ramesh Sinha, Seeta Bose, Niranjan Sharma, Jankidas, Roohi, Devaskar, Fazloo, Bheemji, Maqbool, Hari Bhai, Altaf etc in it.

The movie had ten songs in it. Six songs have been covered in the past.

Here is the seventh song from “Pyaar Ki Manzil”(1950) to appear in the blog. The song is sung by S D Batish. Shewan Rizvi is the lyricist. Music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Prakashchandra.

Audio link:

Song-Kehti hain tere pyaaar ki mujhse kahaaniyaan (Pyaar Ki Manzil) (1950) Singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Shewan Rizvi, MD-Husnlal Bhagatram

Lyrics(Provided by Prakashchandra)

kehti hain tere pyaar ki
mujhse kahaaniyaan
kehti hain tere pyaar ki
mujhse kahaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan
barbaad hoke reh gayeen
donon jawaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan

daaman bahaar kaa mere haathon se chhut gayaa aaa
chaman mera lut gayaa aa aa
mera lut gayaa
daaman bahaar kaa mere haathon se chhut gayaa aaa
chaman mera lut gayaa aa aa
mera lutt gayaa
dil se lagaaye baithhaa hoon teri nishaaniyaan
dil se lagaaye baithhaa hoon teri nishaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan

taarey wohi hain chaand wohi wohi raat hai
magar gham ki baat hai ae
gham ki baat hai
taarey wohi hain chaand wohi wohi raat hai
magar gham ki baat hai ae
gham ki baat hai
ek tu naheen jo tujhse kahoon ye kahaaniyaan
ek tu naheen jo tujhse kahoon ye kahaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan

guzrey huye dinon ko main aawaaz doon kahaan
miltaa nahin nishaan aan
milta nahin nishaan
guzrey huye dinon ko main aawaaz doon kahaan
miltaa nahin nishaan aan
milta nahin nishaan
aa jaa ke keh rahaa hoon main
teri kahaaniyaan
aa jaa ke keh rahaa hoon main
teri kahaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan
teri nishaaniyaan aan
teri nishaaniyaan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4575 Post No. : 16180

Today’s song is from the film Bahu Beti-1952.

1952 was an year, when resurgent India was trying to organise itself as an Independent Nation. Jawaharlal Nehru had formed independent India’s first Government after the first General Elections. In the film industry also few milestones were reached.

The first ever international Film Festival was organised in Bombay. The fortnightly magazine FILMFARE was launched. A delegation of Indian film personalities visited Hollywood. Two colour films-Aan and Jhansi ki rani (released in 1953) were censored. Pakistan banned import of Indian films after an agitation of Pakistani Film artistes. Bimal Roy shifted his base from Calcutta to Bombay.

Besides this, Radio Ceylon played a major role in popularising Hindi Film Music almost worldwide. Radio Ceylon Hindi service started before 1950. Hamid Sayani, elder brother of Amin Sayani was involved in Radio Ceylon in early days and Binaca Geetmala started from 1952. The announcers of radio Ceylon like Kamini and Vijaya sisters, Vijay Kishore Dubey, Gopal Sharma, Shiv Kumar Saroj, Sunil Dutt, Manohar Mahajan etc were household names. So were towns like Jhumri Talaiyya, Nanded and few others. Radio clubs cropped up everywhere.

Radio Ceylon got the real boost when HFM stopped playing on A.I.R. in 1952.It is popularly believed that the then Minister for information and broadcasting, V.B.Keskar was against film music, calling it Vulgar and that it was he who banned it on A.I.R.

But it is NOT TRUE !

It is true that Keskar was a Purist and disliked Hybrid Music (i.e. HFM ),but he did not ban it. What actually had happened was that A.I.R. announced its revised policy in July 1952 which said,1) Broadcast time for Hindi film songs will be reduced and 2) Dropping the custom of announcing the name of the Film of the song.

IMPPA or The Indian motion Picture producers’ Association was enraged at this loss of free advertisement opportunity for their films and the producers, in their capacity as Copyright owners, took away the A.I.R. ‘s licences for broadcasting film songs. Thus film songs disappeared from A.I.R.,replaced by sugam sangeet and classical music.
(Ref. ‘‘ Mourning the nation: Indian cinema in the wake of the Partition” by Bhaskar Sarkar,pp 57 and .https://www.livemint.com/…/In-1952-Hindi-film-songs-were-ba… )

So, the truth is Keskar did not ban HFM, it was the producers’ association which withdrew licences to AIR, thus forcing them to stop HFM.

We had a very interesting discussion on RMIM forum on this issue, a few years back. Dr.Surjit singh ji , like a magician, produced several old documents which proved that Keskar was NOT the villain, but popularly he was held responsible by one and all.

Radio Ceylon took advantage of the situation and grew very fast starting programmes like Binaca geetmala and Lipton ke Sitare. They did yeoman service to popularise HFM in south east Asia.

Radio Ceylon’s transmitters were powerful and Boosters were installed in India. The famous Mountaineer Edmund Hillary wrote, ” Soon after Conquering Everest, we turned on our Transmitter Radio and the First thing we heard was an Overseas broadcast of Radio Ceylon Hindi service-from more than 3000 miles away ! ”

The year 1952 also saw some of the outstanding musical films and films with some other importance. Scanning the 105 Hindi films that were censored in 1952, we find that the colour film Aan was made in Hindi, English and Tamil language versions. Anand math-first Hindi film of Hemant Kumar had few eternally famous songs by Lata, Geeta and Hemant himself. Aasmaan was the first film of O P Nayyar, from whose soundtrack, Radio Ceylon picked up one of its programme music. Then there was Anhonee. Baiju Bawra-a musical film which opened the doors of A grade films for its lead pair-Meena kumari and Bharat Bhushan, languishing in B and C grade films hitherto.

Film Chamkee for which actress Ragini came all the way from Pakistan, Film Jaal another musical. Jungle ka Jawahir-last film for the yesteryear stalwart composer Madholal master, who was murdered in his flat in Shivaji park, in 1990. Film Maa- first Hindi film of Bimal Roy in his Bombay career part. Naubahar-a Roshan musical and Neelam Pari- Last film for migrator khwaja Khurshid Anwar, MD. Film Saqi,a musical and Sheesha-first film for Kumkum. Shin shinaki Boobla Boo-strange name film featured in the environs of a Far Eastern country. Film Yatrik-a Himalaya trek religious film by Pankaj Mullik, with some outstanding Bhajans and finally film Zalzala-in which Dev Ananad died on screen for the first time ( He never liked the idea,though). The only Next time he died on screen was in Guide-65.

The music of film Bahu Beti was composed by S D Batish. I have a lot of respect for S D Batish,who did a marvellous job of promoting Indian Music in the UK and USA. He is one of those rare people who left the film world, but continued serving the Music,by turning a corner in Life. Such people are few in this world. The monumental work he did for Indian Music in foreign lands is unparalleled. An important point is that he did not do this service to Music for his personal gains. For his sustenance,he had opened a Restaurant in Santa Cruz,California,which was providing him enough for a comfortable living in the USA.

After his death in 2006, an obituary-cum-short life sketch was published in California. I give below its adapted version for our readers-

” Punjabi master S.D. Batish was a pivotal figure behind the western world’s embrace of Indian music, most notably via his memorable contributions to the Beatles’ film Help! Born December 14, 1914, in Patiala, India, Shiv Dayal Batish abandoned a career in the nascent telephone industry to study devotional song, folk drama, and Indian classical music under his guru Hakim Chandan Ram Charan. In 1934, he relocated to Bombay to try his hand at acting, but roles proved scarce and he returned to Patiala two years later, renewing his focus on music. By 1936 Batish was regularly appearing on All India Radio and recording his first sessions for His Master’s Voice. The film industry nevertheless retained its allure for him, and in 1939 he returned to Bombay, working for a spell under broadcasting legend Z.A. Bokhari. After earning his first film work as an assistant musical director in 1942, Batish later graduated to full-fledged Bollywood musical director, in the years to follow working with playback singer greats including Asha Bhosle, Lata Mangeshkar, and Mohammed Rafi as well as writing now-classic songs like the smash “Manmohan Mana Men,” from the 1945 film Kaise Kahoon.

Batish also moonlighted as a playback singer on more than 40 films, among them 1944’s Daasi and 1948’s Barsaat ki Raat, before relocating to Britain in 1964. After accepting a position with the BBC Immigration Unit, Batish became a regular in British radio and television, most notably composing “Nai Zindagi Naya Jivan,” the theme song to the Beeb’s classic South Asian series Apna Hi Ghar Samajhiye (“Make Yourself at Home”). He also returned to his roots as a live musician, performing Indian folk and classical music on the vichitra veena, a long-necked fretless flute. In 1965 Batish was summoned by percussionist Keshav Sathe to record the Indian-inspired incidental music for the Beatles’ second feature film, Help! — the experience also proved the beginning of his lifelong friendship with BeatleGeorge Harrison, who later hired Batish to teach his then-wife Patti Boyd the stringed dilruba. In 1969 Batish assembled wife Shanta Devi, daughter Vijay Laxmi and sons Ashwin Kumar and Ravi Kumar to record North Indian Folk and Classical Music, which for decades remained the lone Indian release to appear on the seminal folk label Topic Records. A year later, the family emigrated to the U.S., settling in northern California and founding a restaurant, the Santa Cruz-based Krishna Café. Although the restaurant business remained Batish’s primary focus for the remainder of his life, he continued playing live and also cut the occasional LP, most notably 1980s Raga Todi, 1985’s Om Shanti Meditation on Dilruba and 1997’s The 72 Carnatic Melakhartas.

He founded “Batish Institute of Music and Fine arts” in California and wrote about 12 books on Indian Classical music,like Ragopaedia,Raga Channels,Rasik Raga lakshan Manjiri etc. He had also founded Batish Recording Co. He was associated with 102 films in Hindi and gave music to 17 films as S.D.Batish,Master Ramesh and Nirmal Kumar. Some of his songs were famous. He died at age 91 on July 29, 2006.” ( adapted from Jason Ankeny’s Bio )

In my memory,the image of S D Batish is etched as a person with a large Fur Cap. Such a type of cap was worn by Shaikh Abdulla and his son Farooq Abdulla. I saw V.Shantaram too wearing that type of cap. Later his son followed by wearing the same ( I mean similar type) Fur cap like father,as if it was a family tradition ! Of late,I have seen the famous film Historian shri Nalin ji Shah with this cap. When I had met him a few years back,he had jokingly said that this cap is his Trademark !

S D Batish was the cousin brother of Pt. Amarnath and brothers Husnlal-Bhagatram,all bore the same surname – Batish.

Out of the 8 songs of film Bahu beti-52, 4 songs are already discussed on the Blog. Today’s song, sung by Geeta Dutt and chorus will be the 5th song. It is a good song to enjoy listening…


Song-Gori Dulhaniya mori gori dulhaniya (Bahu Beti)(1952) Singer- Geeta Dutt, Lyrics-Kaifi Azmi, MD-S D Batish
chorus

Lyrics

hoye gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
haan kaise nikhattu pe lattu bhayi
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya

raja atariya pe oonghat hai
haha oonghat hai
sookhat hai sejiya pe raniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
damdi kamaai ki ghar mein na laave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
hardam badhe pet apna bajaave
paave to kha jaaye ghar bhar ki rotiyaan aan
chada jaaye paniya paniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoy gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

roti hai loti to paani hai maani
roti hai loti to paani hai maani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
raani ko tutla ke kahte hain naani
bhaiya ko bhauji zara kuchh sikha de
chhuda de naadaniya nadaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
hoye gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya

maathhe pe bhaiyya ko pagdi na bhaaye
maathhe pe bhaiya ko pagdi na bhaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
kaandhhe pe talwaar rakkhi na jaaye
balma ko apne odha de odhaniya
pinha de jhulaniya jhulaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
mori gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya
gori dulhaniya
ho gori dulhaniya


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4532 Post No. : 16097

“Insaan-1952” was produced by J G Mohla and directed by Jagdish Sethi for ‘New Social Theatre Limited, Bombay’. The movie had Prithviraj Kapoor, Ragini, Kamal Kapoor, K.N. Singh, Kukku, Kanhaiyalal, Rajkumar, Ramesh Thakar, Chamanpuri, Baby Nazar, Roopmala, Urvashi, Naaz etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it (penned by five lyricists). Two songs have been covered in the past.

Today (14 December 2020) is the 106th birth anniversary of S D Batish (14 December 1914-29 July 2006). On this occasion, here is a song from “Insaan-1952”. It is an “advice” cum caution song. I is sung by S D Batish. Sajanb Bihari is the lyricist. Music is composed by B N Bali.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this song.

Lyrics of this song were sent to me by Avinash Scrapwala.


Song-Sambhal sambhal kar chalna pagle (Insaan)(1952) Singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Sajan Bihari, MD-B N Bali

Lyrics(Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)

Sambhal sambhal kar
Sambhal sambhal kar chalna pagle ae
Jag hai andheri raa aa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
sambhal sambhal kar

Jeewan mein insaan ke dukh sukh a a a
Jeewan mein insaan ke dukh sukh
Yoon qismat ne baante ae
Phool se daaman bhara kisi ka
Miley kisi ko kaanten ae ae ae ae
Jag hai andheri raat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

Pyaar ka jhoola kabhi jhulaaye
Ae ae ae
Pyaar ka jhoola kabhi jhulaaye
Kabhi hain lab par naale
Is duniya ki reet yahi hai
Sun le jaane waale ae ae ae ae
Jag hai andheri raa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

Manzil teri door musaafir r r
Manzil teri door musaafir
Thhak kar baith na jaana aa
Kis se aas lagaaye pagle
Kiskaa huaa zamaana aa aa
Jag hai andheri raa aat
Jag hai andheri raat
Sambhal sambhal kar

————————————
Devnagri script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————
संभल संभल कर
संभल संभल कर चलना पगले ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

जीवन में इंसान के दुःख सुख
जीवन में इंसान के दुःख सुख
यूं किस्मत ने बांटे ए
फूल से दामन भरा किसी का
मिले किसी को कांटे ए ए ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

प्यार का झूला कभी झुलाये ए ए ए
प्यार का झूला कभी झुलाये
कभी हैं लब पर नाले
इस दुनिया की रीत यही हैं
सुन ले जाने वाले ए ए ए
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर

मंज़िल तेरी दूर मुसाफिर
मंज़िल तेरी दूर मुसाफिर
थक कर बैठ न जाना आ
किस से आस लगाए पगले
किस का हुआ ज़माना
जग है अँधेरी रात
जग है अँधेरी रात
संभल संभल कर


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4506 Post No. : 16047

Today’s song is from the film Kaise Kahoon-1945.

To start with, Bombay was the first film making centre followed closely by Calcutta. Slowly, some other centres like Madras, Coimbatore, Poona, Bangalore etc. as occasional film centres also developed. In 1924,i.e. 11 years after the first silent feature film was released in Bombay, Lahore made its first silent film-“The daughters of Today”. It was made and released in Lahore. This film was made by Mr. G K Mehta, a former officer of North Western Railways, who had imported a Camera from London. A R Kardar, who was making posters for foreign film productions and who was a qualified well known Calligrapher, assisted Mehta. Kardar and his friend Ismail both also acted in that film.

In 1928, Kardar, with no other work on hand, decided to start a film making studio and a production company called ” United Players Corporation” to make films. He made 12 silent films in Lahore, thus bringing Lahore’s name on the map of film centres in India. Therefore, Kardar can be called the architect of Lahore film industry, in a sense. Slowly Talkie films were planned in Lahore. Dalsukh Pancholiestablished his studio. The making of films like Khazanchi, Khandan and Zamindar firmly established Lahore as a Film making centre. Many films like Poonji, Daasi etc were made there. Punjabi aspirants in various fields like acting, direction, music, singing, cinematography etc found Lahore convenient to start careers, rather than going to Bombay all the way.

Film Kaise Kahoon – 45 was made by Pancholi Art Studio, Lahore which had earned All India fame with its highly successful films. As per Baburao Patel’s review in Film India magazine January 1945, the film’s story was by Dalsukh pancholi himself. He had also written the story for another hit film Daasi-44 earlier. Patel said in his review that ” Pancholi stole ideas from foreign films “. Whether True or not, the treatment Pancholi’s films gave to the stories was certainly loved by the audience all over India, so there was no problem. The film was directed by foreign trained Moti B Gidwani, who directed 17 films in his career. It is interesting to know, however, that his first film as a director, ” Midnight Girl -29″ was a resounding flop and it caused the film maker company- Maharashtra Film company of Kolhapur to close down. It also caused a group of 5 people to leave the company earlier and start their own Prabhat Film Company, at Kolhapur.

Cast of the film was Ragini, Najmul Hasan, Akhtar, Jagirdar, Durga Mota etc. Ragini was famous and popular. She was one of the two actresses of Hindi films, who had Brown eyes, the other being Vanmala. The hero Najmul Hasan was a compromise actor, who had become infamous due to his elopement with Devika Rani of Bombay Talkies. She returned to her husband and he was left high and dry ! Baburao Patel described him as ” an overfed Owl ” !

One name in the cast is that of Durga Mota. His real name was Durgaprasad. Due to his heavy build he was nicknamed Mota(fat). He was a permanent member of Pancholi films as a comedian. It is very sad that his career ended in a gruesome way. In 1947, after Partition, there was an exodus of millions from Lahore to India. Durgaprasad also wanted to shift to Delhi. He went to Lahore station to catch the train. Suddenly, a frenzied mob of rioters invaded Lahore station and they started killing all the passengers waiting to go to India. People started running to save life. Due to his fatness, Durgaprasad could not move faster and was caught by the mob, who cut him in pieces on the Lahore Railway station platform itself.

The film was released on 16-11-45 ( 75 years ago to the date, almost), in Imperial Cinema, Bombay. The story of the film, as adapted from the Film India magazine review by our Sadanand kamath ji, was – A doctor (Gajanan Jagirdar) has a son and two grown up daughters – Geeta (Ragini) and Basanti (Baby Akhtar). The son who was in Burma is expected to return home, However, he is accidentally killed by Pradeep (Najam ul Hasan) without knowing the identity of the deceased. As it often happens in Hindi films, coincidentally, Pradeep lands in a doctor’s house for an overnight stay. He falls in love with Geeta instantaneously. The overnight guest becomes a permanent attachment. Basanti, the younger sister of Geeta, is also happy about her sister’s love for Pradeep.

As usual in Hindi films, when the love reaches a finale, a villain, a zamindar (probably Ajmal) steps in the picture. He comes to know about the accidental death of the doctor’s son and the killer who is none other than Pradeep. After a lot of suspicions and misunderstanding, the things get cleared and Pradeep gets his fiancee Geeta.

The music of film kaise Kahoon-45 was by a veteran Pt. Amarnath Batish. I am purposely calling him Batish, because there was another MD with the same name of Pt. Amarnath Chawla. They were obviously different, but were a case of ” Same Name Confusion” because both never wrote their full names. In this matter Marathi actresses never became a case of SNC, because they all used their surnames, like Shanta Apte and Shanta Hublikar, Nalini Tarkhad and Nalini Jaywant, Leela Chitnis and Leela Chandragiri etc. etc. This made matters clear and easy to identify.

In 1931 the first Talkie film was released. There were seven songs in this film. With this film, along with the existing Film Industry an additional Music Industry also came into existence. The early film makers understood the importance of music in India. Music, Instrumental or Vocal had secured the Royal Patronage from the kings and Nawabs. For the common people Gramophone records were providing musical entertainment. Occasional open air dramas and music concerts too were popular. By the 30’s decade the NFS (Non Film Songs) became a craze and several popular singers churned out their records.

Music became an integral part of Hindi films. Famous filmmakers like Prabhat, Ranjit, New Theatres, Madon Theatres, Bombay Talkies, Saraswati Cinetone etc. also helped in promoting film music. Initially Film music was greatly influenced by Parsi Theatre, and Marathi and Gujarati Natya Geets as well as Folk songs. This was successfully changed by Ghulam Haider with Punjabi Music in Lahore and Naushad with UP folk music in Bombay. Pt. Amarnath and his younger brother pair of Husnlal-Bhagatram carried forward the Punjabi music.

Amarnath Batish was born in 1912 in Jalandhar. He started his career as an actor and singer on stage dramas. He was a good Harmonium and Tabla player. He started his career with HMV as an Orchestra Director, in Delhi. Master Madan, the child Prodigy recorded few Punjabi songs under his baton.

It was natural that Amarnath joined Films. His first film was Roop K Shorey’s Nishani-1942. Pandit ji had discovered Naseem Akhtar. She and Shamshad begum sang songs for him. In the same year, his first Punjabi film Govandi-42 was released. His new find Zeenat Begum sang in it. Even Amarnath sang a song ” Pagadi utaar jatta” along with S D Batish and chorus in it. However, the British government banned this Patriotic song. The film was a hit film. Film Daasi-44 was his most popular film. All songs became hits. He did a film Irada-44, in Calcutta in which he introduced Hemant Kumar in Hindi films.

Simultaneously, he was giving music to Punjabi films too like Koel-44 and Gul Baloch-45.During the 40s decade Pt. Amarnath was the most busy composer, with a line up like- Nishani-42, Paapi-43, Irada-44, Daasi-44, Panchhi-44, Shirin Farhad-45, Ragini-45, Kaise Kahoon-45, Dhamkee-45, Sham Savera-46, Shalimar-46, Shehar se door-46, Jhumke-46, Aai Bahar-46, pagdandi-47, Mirza Saheban-47, Roop Rekha-48 and Ek Teri Nishani-49.

He gave music to 18 Hindi films, composing 152 songs in all. Due to his success, he started taking drinks, which became his nemesis. At the time of film Pagdandi-47, after a few songs, he was replaced by Khurshid Anwar. Even in his last two films Roop Rekha-48 and Ek teri nishani-49 after a few songs, he was replaced by other MDs. Film Patjhad, which he had signed, was given to Ghulam Haider.

During the making of the film Mirza Sahiban-47, Pt. Amarnath died at the age of just 35 years, on 20-2-1947. The balance songs were done by Husnlal Bhagatram.

(Adapted with thanks, from Film Sangeetkar by Prof. Yadav, an article by Sharad Dutt in milleniumpost.in, Dhunon ki yatra by P.Raag, HFGK, muVyz and my notes).

So far, 2 songs of this film were discussed. Today’s song is the third song here. I would say, songs of this film do not conform to the fame of Pt. Amarnath for giving melodious songs. But then, every song of every film can not be of the same quality.


Song-Gori gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa (Kaise Kahoon)(1945) Singers- S D Batish, Shamshad Begum, Lyricist- Sharma, MD- Pt. Amarnath
Chorus

Lyrics

Gori ee
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

haan
dil waalon ke dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam
gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
wo bageeche mein dekho
wo gaagar pade
nahin hoti hai
?? mein pade
babu dil mein hi
o babu dil mein hi
dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa

gori
gaagar ki Ganga udhhaar diye jaa
udhhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

baabu
dil mein hi Ganga utaar kiye jaa
utaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe Ganga kasam

Gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
Gori har roz tumse to kehna nahin
sada gaagar ki ganga mein behna nahin
sada roop jawaani mein rehna nahin
rehna nahin
aji din hain tere
upkaar kiye jaa aa
baabu u
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga

baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
baabu baala jobanwa hai
pyaar kiye jaa
pyaar kiye jaa
kachchi kaliyaan hain
kachchi kaliyaan hain
tan man nisaar kiye jaa
nisaar kiye jaa
phool ban’ne talak
intzaar kiye jaa

gori ee ee
gaagar ki ganga udhhaar kiye jaa
udhaar diye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
o tujhe

baabu
dil mein hi dil ka vyopaar kiye jaa
vyopaar kiye jaa
tujhe ganga kasam
o tujhe
ganga kasam

o gori ee
gaagar ki ganga


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4429 Post No. : 15855

“Betaab”(1952) was produced and directed by Harbans for Susheel Pictures, Bombay. The movie had Ashok Kumar, Naseem, Motilal, Kamal Kumar, Murad, Mirza Musharraf, Tiwari, Kamal, Nazeer Kashmiri, Agha Mirza, Afghan Sandow, S Kamal, Parvati devi, Meera Aarti etc.

“Betaab”(1952) had thirteen songs in it. Two songs have been covered so far.

Here is the third song from the movie. This song is sung by S D Batish. Bharat Vyas is the lyricist. Music is composed by S D Batish.

Going by the mukhda “binti karat hoon main tori maa” and going by the fact that it is penned by Bharat Vyas, some people may belieb=ve that it is a bhajan. Not al all. This song is a comedy song where a person is requesting his mother to get him married as soon as possible. He has no demands, no bars, no qualifications in mind for the prospective bride. The most openminded bridegroom ever !

The hilarious lyrics contains words that are considered politically incorrect now a adys but they raised no eyebrows those days. In any case it is a comedy song and it should be treated as such.

Only the audio of the song is available. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of this fun song.


Song-Binti karat hoon main tori maa (Betaab)(1952) Singer-S D Batish, Lyrics-Bharat Vyas, MD-S D Batish

Lyrics

binti suno o o o o
mori
maa
maa
binti karat hoon main tori maa
binti karat hoon
binti karat hoon
binti karat hoon main tori maa
tu shaadi kara de
shaadi kara de
shaadi kara de mori ma

agle phaagan tak jo mujhko
nahin milegi biwi
to saanch kahoon bhagwaan kasam
mujhe ho jaayegi t b
chaahe kaani ho
ya andhi ho
wo looli ho
ya langdi ho
chaahe goongi ho ya bahri ho
chaahe goongi ho ya bahri ho
wo kaali ho ya gori ma
tu shaadi kara de
shaadi kara de
shaadi kara de
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shadi shadi
mori shaadi shadi shadi
o mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
shaadi

jaat paat ki fikar na karna
jo kuchh bhi ho naam
des bides kahin ki bhi ho
humen byaah te kaam
punjaaban ho
bangaalan ho
gujaraatan ho
maarwaadan ho
madraasan ho
maaraathan ho
madraasan ho
maaraathan ho
wo kahin ki bhi ho chhori ma
tu shaadi kara de shaadi kara de
shaadi kara de
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shadi shadi
mori shaadi shadi shadi
o mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
mori shaadi shaadi shaadi
shaadi


This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day?:

4306 Post No. : 15577

“Saazish” (1959) was directed by Surya Kumar for Filmistan. The movie had Ranjan, Nalini Chonkar, B M Vyas, P Kailash, Balraj, Husn Banu, Randheer, Kanu Roy, Badri Prasad, Ram Avtar, Sabita Chatterji, Indira Bansal, Bhalerao, Vitthaldas Panchotiya, Sulochana etc in it.

The movie had eight songs in it. One song has been covered in the past.

Here is the second song from “Saazish” (1959). The song is sung by Asha Bhonsle. Qamar Jalalabadi is the lyricist. Music is composed by S D Batish.

Only the audio of the song is available. It sounds like a club dance song to me. I request our knowledgeable readers to throw light on the picturisation of the song.


Song-Bachke zara hatke (Saazish)(1959) Singer-Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Qamar Jalalabadi, MD-S D Batish

Lyrics

ho ho ho
o o
bachke zara hat ke
zara hat ke
hat ke hat ke
ho
bachke zara hat ke zara hat ke hat ke hat ke
ban jaayega tamaasha
dekho na yoon palat ke
aji hat ke hat ke hat ke
o o o
bachke zara hat ke
zara hat ke hat ke hat ke

laralaralalala
laralaralalala
laralaralalarra
tedhi jahaan ki raahen chal khol ke nigaahen
bhoologe hosh saaheb jab do lagenge jhatke
ajo hatk hatke hatke
o o o o bachke
zara hat ke
ban jaayega tamaasha
dekho na yoon palat ke
aji hat ke hat ke hat ke
ho o o o
bach ke
zara hat ke
zara hat ke hat ke hat ke

laralaralala
laralaralala
laralaralala
main hoon jawaan kayaamat
dekho meri karaamat
aayi hai jiski shaamat
wo mere paas phatke
aji hatke hatke hatke
o o o o
bachke
zara hat ke
ban jaayega tamaasha
dekho na yoon palat ke
aji hat ke hat ke hat ke
o o o bach ke zara hat ke
zara hat ke hat ke hat ke

laralaralalala
laralaralalala
laralaralalala
mudna huzoor mudna
ooncha bahut na udna
mudna huzoor mudna
ooncha bahut na udna
varna patang hazrat
neeche giregi kat ke
aji hat ke hat ke hat ke
o o o o
bachke zara hat ke
ban jaayega tamasha
dekho na yoon palat ke
aji hat ke hat ke hat ke
o o o
bachke zara hat ke
zara hat ke hat ke hat ke


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4141 Post No. : 15303

Today’s song is from film Arsi-1947.

Till recently, I was wondering, what was the meaning of this Title word Arsi. I could not find the meaning anywhere and finally I left my attempts. Then one day, I read the review of this film, in the June 1948 issue of Film India and I got a new piece of wisdom that Arsi was a name of the girl in the film. It was for the first time that I learnt that a name such as Arsi could be a girl’s name in India. Out of curiosity, I checked the 3 ” Boys and Girls Names ” books that I have in my collection, but in none of the books this name was found. At last, I decided to surrender to Guru Google ji, and to my surprise, I learnt that the word means ” Mirror ” !

The film Arsi was made by Jeevan Pictures, Lahore. It was directed by Daud Chaand. All the 11 songs were written by Sarashar Sailani. This was his first film as a Lyricist. The owner of Jeevan Pictures, was Motiram Jain and he was a lover of Shayari and poetry. Sarashar Sailani, who was not much educated (not a graduate), but was a school teacher, used to participate in Mushayras. Motiram liked his shayari. When Motiram started his First film Arsi-47, he invited Sailani to write story, song and dialogues for this film. Some songs became popular and Sailani jumped into film line.

Lachhiram called him for his next film Mohini-47 and Shyamsunder called him for Ek Roz-47. Along with director Daud Chaand, Sailani also shifted to Bombay. However, after the Partition, Daud returned to Lahore but Sailani remained in India. He wrote lyrics. generally he got only low budget films, but he worked with some quality composers like Pt. Amarnath, Husnlal-Bhagatram, Roshan, Chitragupta, Jaidev, A R Qureshi, Hansraj Behl etc.

In all, he wrote 150 songs in 32 films. From 1960 onwards, after film ‘ Bade ghar ki bahu’, he stopped song writing and took up only story, dialogue writing, in which he did many good films. Sarshar Sailani died on 10-4-1969.

In film Arsi-47, there were 2 MDs – Lachhiram Tamar and Shyamsunder. Although HFGK is silent on crediting MDs for any song, those who uploaded the songs on YT have indicated MD names as given on the records. Much is written about Shyamsunder, but not much is available on Lachhiram. Last year, in one of posts, I have given information about Lachhiram Tamar already.

The film’s director was Daud Chaand. Dawood Chand was a prominent film director of 1930’s & 1940’s of Indian cinema. He directed Veer Kaisri (1938), Joshe-e-Islam (1939), Sipahee (1941), Jangee jawan (1943), Paraey Bas main (1946), Aaarsee and Aik roze (1947) and Papeeha Re-48 in India.

In Paksitan he was director of first ever released Pakistan film Tairi Yad (1948). Some of his others films were Hichkoley, Mundri (1949), Sassi (1954), Bulbul (1955), Mirza Sahebaan and Hatim (1956), Muraad (1957), Aalam ara (1959), Sapairan (1961), Khaiber Pass and Ghazala (1963), Reshma (1970), and Bahadra (1973).RAZA MIR (Producer/Director)
He acted in Indian film Shaher say door (1946) but in Pakistan he chose other profession. He was Pakistan’s First film Teri yaad’s (1948) cinematographer and director. He also directed some other films like Baiti (1964), Lakhon main aik (1967), Aaasra and Aneela (1969), Parai aag (1971), Naag muni, Vicharya saathi (1973), Professor and Arzoo (1975) Sohni mahiinwal (1976) and Dil keey daagh (1978). Asif Raza Mir film hero of late 1970’s and early 1980’s and a good TV artist is his son. He died on 24-5-1975 at Lahore, Pakistan.

The cast of the film was Meena (Shorey), Al Nasir, Ajmal, Asha Posley, Zahoor Shah, Bheemsain, Ramlal, Pran, Cuckoo etc etc. When I had first come across the name Asha Posley, in my younger days, I was a bit amused, because the name sounded almost like Asha Bhosle ! When I started writing about old films, I realised that her real name was something else and this was a name acquired by her.

Asha Posley was born Sabira Begum in Patiala, Punjab, British India in 1927. She was given the film name Asha Posley by the renowned music director Ghulam Haider. She made her film debut in a Lahore-made Punjabi film Gawandi (1942) as a supporting actress.Later she played just a few female lead roles in some films starting with film Champa (1945) and then Kamli (1946) in British India. Her films in India were Champa-45, Paraye Bas mein-46, Kamla-46, Badnaami-46, Aai Bahar-46, Pagdandi-47, Ek Roz-47, Arsi-47, Sassi-48 (un released), Roop Rekha-48, Papeeha Re-48 and Barsat ki ek raat-48. She also sang 5 songs in 3 films.

After independence of Pakistan in 1947, her whole family migrated to Lahore, Pakistan including her music director father Inayat Ali Nath and her 2 sisters- actress Rani Kiran and Kausar Perveen who later gained fame in Pakistan as a film playback singer. Her father was the music director for the first-ever released film in Pakistan- Teri Yaad (1948) and Asha Posley played the female lead role in the film opposite Nasir Khan who was a brother of famous Indian actor Dilip Kumar.

Later she was mostly cast in supporting roles opposite comedian actors Nazar and Asif Jah in films both in Urdu and Punjabi languages. She acted in 129 films in total in her career spanning over 4 decades (1942-1986). Her last film was Insaf (1986). She also appeared on Stage, TV and Radio and she was also a part-time singer. Asha Posley was awarded a Special Award for Excellence in 30 years of acting by the prestigious Nigar Awards organization in Pakistan in 1982.

Asha Poslay died on March 26, 1998 at Lahore.

Asha Posley’s case is a sad one. The way Pak film industry treated her in her last days, is no different than what Indian film industry did in the past. She and her family spent hard days and she died in poverty. Only the other day, I came across an article written by film journalist of Pakistan- Navaid Rasheed in The Dawn.com in April 2001. In it, he wrote about her house…..” The humble abode is enveloped in depressive atmosphere. The rooms are in ramshackle condition. The main door leads to a very small room which is without a roof. If it was bigger in size, it would be called a courtyard. Things are helter skelter all over the place. Can somebody imagine that this is a place where a glamorous diva lived not too long ago.

Yes, this place was the last abode of Pakistan film industry’s first heroine Asha Posley who died three years ago. Ever since then the family has been living in a dilapidated state. Not that the things were any better when the actress was alive, in fact she herself was dependent on her brother whose house this is. But at least she was there for them, her being there was enough for them.”

Asha Posley was a very attractive, frank, ever smiling and popular actress in Pakistan. Asha Posley was undoubtedly one of the most modern, bold and flamboyant heroine of the local cinema. Those well-arched eye-brows, deep almond-shaped set of eyes, high cheek bones, the square jaw, the curly jet black locks and the mischievous smile is hard to forget. For a woman who once charmed the cinegoers for so long did not have enough money to make her ends meet at her retirement. Such a sad ending is not what she deserved. But that is exactly what happened.

Ever since Asha Posley was forced to sit home by the ruthless film industry that gave her no work for long, there was not a single day when she didn’t wait to be offered even a small role from the industry. When no one came from the industry to help her, she looked towards the public sector. She requested time and again for help but in vain. Such a talented actress of calibre was fast diminishing into oblivion but no one was bothered to save her. So finally she died unsung in March, 1998. Still no one was effected.

Teri Yaad was the first Pakistani film to be released in 1948 and Asha’s hero in it was Dilip Kumar’s brother Nasir Khan. It was directed by Dawood Chand. Asha Posley belonged to Patiala (India) and was born in 1927. She worked in Radio Pakistan as Riffat Aisha and was in possession of a good voice. Before partition she worked for the first time in Kamli (1946) which was not too successful but owing to her looks, her spicy sense of humour and bold style of conversation, she became pretty famous in film circles.

After partition she also worked in films like Ghalat Fehmi, Shahida and Bulbulall of which proved to be failures. However, when she opted to play a vamp in Sassi, it proved to be very successful. Hence onwards began a long journey of vampish roles for Asha. Her occasional pairing with comedian Nazar in certain films too won accolades for her as a comedy star. One of her memorable films as a vamp was Intezaar featuring Noor Jehan and Santosh Kumar
in the lead. Kismet and Dulla Bhatti were other successful ventures where she put in memorable performances. Her dances too were the main highlight of these films.

Asha’s younger sister Rani Kiran was also a film heroine while another of her sister Kausar Parveen was a famous playback singer of the 50s who died very young. Rani Kiran is still alive but leading a pathetic life.

Asha’s famous films include Toofaan, Mukhra, Hatim, Ashiana, Hum Aik Hein, Khizaan kei Baad, Son of Ali Baba, Mehandi, Pasbaan and others. She made occasional appearances on various television shows where she reminisced her past glory and mentioned for support too. But apparently nothing happened. Nobody could improve her state of affairs, but at least someone can still help her sister Rani Kiran and save her from going the Asha Posley way, out of this world.

This was the fate of discarded artistes…be it Pakistan or India. We can quote many such cases from our own court yards. Thank God, these days the situation is much much better and no such cases are to be seen since few years. Hope this is so even in Pakistan.

Film Arsi-47 was released on 10-4-1948 at Majestic Cinema in Bombay. The screenplay was by M R Bhakhri. Film India magazine June 48 issue featured a review of this film. As usual Baburao Patel had nothing good to say about the story, acting or even the Music. He surely sympathised with the Director, who could not do much with the weak story. The story,in short, as given in the review (minus criticism) is …

Ramesh (Al Nasir) is the son of the village Zamindar. He loves Arsi (Meena), daughter of Bansi, a poor farmer. Unfortunately, the Zamindar himself wants to marry Arsi. When this proposal is declined, Bansi, with his daughter and young son is driven out of the village. Soon after, Bansi dies and Arsi has to sell a Gold Frame, gifted by Ramesh. However, she is accused of stealing it from the Zamindar’s house and is sentenced to 14 years of Jail term.

Her brother grows up. The Brother Mohan (Ajmal) loves and marries dancer Sharada (Asha Posley). The Zamindar dies. After 14 years, Arsi is released. She is employed as a Maid by Ramesh and later they marry also. The End !!! (Thank God !)

The story is too simple and predictable. No wonder Film India criticised it. Today’s song is a duet by S D Batish and Zeenat Begum. One more interesting Trivia. Sarashar Sailani had also acted in this film, but under the name Bheemsain. This was the only film he ever acted in a film.


Song- Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera (Aarsi)(1947) Singers- S D Batish, Zeenat Begum, Lyrics- Sarshar Sailani, MD- Lachhiram Tamar

Lyrics

Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera
Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera
gali ka phera kaise chhoote
prem ka bandhan kaise toote
gali ka phera kaise chhoote
prem ka bandhan kaise toote
kaise chhodoon kaise chhoote
teri gali ka phera re
haay teri gali ka phera re
Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera

nain milaa ke
mast banaa ke
nain milaa ke
mast banaa ke
jee bharma ke loot liya
haaye loot liya
nain milaa ke
mast banaa ke
jee bharma ke loot liya
haaye loot liya
loot liya sajni ke man ko
loot liya sajni ke man ko
saajan bada lutera re
haaye saajan bada lutera re

Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera

kaise jaadoo daala dil par
teri mast nigaahon ne
kaise jaadoo daala dil par
teri mast nigaahon ne
duniya chhod ke aan lagaaya
duniya chhod ke aan lagaaya
teri gali mein dera re
haaye teri gali mein dera re
Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera

naav bhanwar mein chhod na dena
preet ke matwaare rasiya
naav bhanwar mein chhod na dena
preet ke matwaare rasiya
preet laga ke tod na dena
preet laga ke tod na dena
naazuk hai dil mera re
haaye naazuk hai dil mera re

Duniya chhoote
ho
Duniya chhoote par na chhoote teri gali ka phera
ho teri gali ka phera
chun chun kankar mahal basaaya
log kahen ghar mera aa re
na ghar tera na ghar mera aa aa
chidiya rain basera aa aa aa


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