Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai

Posted on: July 23, 2012


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

I find it interesting to compare the filmy careers of G M Durrani and Surendra Nath. Both of them were tall and handsome and amateur singers. While G M Durrani virtually ran away from his home town Peshawar for Bombay (Mumbai) to pursue a filmy career, Surendra came to Bombay after completing his education (B.A., LLB) to become a lawyer. But a chance meeting with Mehboob Khan in 1936 changed his career path and he became a singer-actor in his first film ‘Deccan Queen’ (1936). Because of his singing style, he was seen as a clone of K L Saigal. In fact, he was called ‘Bombay Saigal’ after his parody song birhaa ki aag lagi more man mein based on K L Saigal’s baalam aaye baso more man mein. G M Durrani also started his stint with the film industry around the same time (1935-36) as an actor-singer in ‘Saaed-e-Hawas’. After acting in a couple of films, he decided to concentrate on playback singing with his distinct voice which was not influenced by K L Saigal.

Both were at the the peaks of their career in the 40s. In the 50s, they differed in their approach in tackling their declining fortunes in their filmy careers. Influenced by Sufism, G M Durrani decided in 1951 to retire from the film industry and set up a grocery shop to maintain his family. He did return to the film industry after a couple of years, but it was too late for him to gain a foothold. So he continued to run his grocery shop while getting some opportunities to sing and do small roles in a few films. Surendra on the other hand saw the writing on the wall when playback singers were used for him in ‘Baiju Bawara’ (1953) by Naushad who had earlier given him songss to sing that went on to become hits, viz songs in the film ’Anmol Ghadi’ (1946). Perhaps, Naushad may have felt that Surendra’s voice did not have that much depth to match the singing style of Tansen in the film. ‘Gawaiyaa’ (1954) was his last released film as an actor-singer. Thereafter he switched over to character roles in some big banner films of producers like B R Chopra, Yash Chopra, V Shantaram. In 1960, he established his own company to produce advertising films for TVs which did very well in terms of business.

Surendra passed away on September 11, 1987 leaving behind his robust advertising company for his sons Jeet and Kailash Surendranath to run. Today, the latter son’s Kailash Pictures is one of the topmost advertising company for consumer products of multinational companies. Besides, Kailash Surendranath also produced some documentaries like ‘Mile Sur Mera Tumhara’ on national integration. G M Durrani passed away a year later on September 8, 1988 without any such legacy except his songs. What a contrasting end to their talea!

The idea of this comparison came to my mind when I was listening to ek yaad kisiki yaad rahi sung by G M Durrani and comparing with Surendra’s song ‘ teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai’ from the film GAWAIYAA(1954). Both the songs belong to the same genre but the musical compositions differ. In Durrani’s songs, dholak beats are prominent while in Surendra’s song, the tabla beats are prominent and music in the background is soft. The song under discussion is from ‘Gawaiyaa’ which was penned by S H Bihari and set to music by Ram Ganguli. The star cast included Surendra, Sulochana Chatterjee, Vijaylaxmi, Jeevan, Sapru, Sunder, Kumkum etc. This song has two more versions sung by Talat Mehmood. All the 3 versions contain one different stanza. Two songs from this film have been discussed in the blog and I quote a part of the comments made by Arunkumar Deshmukh on one of the posts of these two songs :

There is an interesting story behind this film Gawaiya.
Though this was a R.B.Production movie originally, it was bought and released by Musical Pictures Ltd., after adding 4 songs of Talat Mahmood and making some changes in the script.
This Musical Pictures was a production company floated by 2 equal partners, A.R.Kardar and Naushad.

After reading this comment, it is apparent as to why Musical Pictures decided to have version songs sung by Talat Mehmood. For the filmgoers of that time, Surendra was almost a spent force and Talat Mehmood was a reigning playback singer whose gramophone records used to sell like hot cakes those days. I have no idea as to on whom the Talat versions of this song may have been picturised in the film. I can only guess that one of the Talat versions may have been used as a background song and the other version (with coughing at the end of the song) may have been picturised on Surendra himself. Only audio versions are available.

In my younger days, I had heard only Surendra version of this song on the radio. I came to know about Talat versions only a year back thanks to the internet. To me, each of the version songs has its own beauty. The only difference is that Surendra version has more pathos than Talat Mehmood versions. Note the pathos when Surendra sings ‘taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi, aag lagi, aag lagi’.

Audio – (Surendra version)

Audio – Both version (Talat Mehmood)

Song-Teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai (Gawaiyya)(1954) Singer-Surendra /Talat Mehmood, Lyrics-S H Bihari, MD-Ram Ganguly

Lyrics

——————–
Surendra version
——————–
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
din raat mere veeraane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
wo paagalpan jo pehle thha
aa aa
paagalpan jo pehle thha
ab bhi hai tere deewaane mein
deewaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
aag lagi
aag lagi
taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
jal jal ke kalejaa khaaq hua
hai shouq magar kucch aur abhi
hai shouq magar kuchh aur abhi
jalne ka tere parwaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

kissa hai meri barbaadi ka
aa aa aa
kissa hai meri barbaadi ka
aur shouq se duniya sunti hai
kyaa raaz hai koi kyaa jaane
kyaa raaz hai koi kyaa jaane
is dard bhare afsaane mein
is dard bhare afsaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

———————————
Talat : Version-1
———————————
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
din raat mere veeraane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
wo paagalpan jo pehle thha
aa aa
paagalpan jo pehle thha
ab bhi hai tere deewaane mein
deewane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

din raat mera gham badhtaa gayaa
din raat mera gham badhtaa gayaa
par teri muhabbat kam na hui
ee ee ee
jo lutf tadapne mein paaya
jo lutf tadapne mein paaya
wo baat kahaan mar jaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
taqdeer ko aisi aag lagi
jal jal ke kalejaa khaaq huaa
aa aa aa
hai shouq magar kucch aur abhi
hai shouq magar kuchh aur abhi
jalne ka tere parwaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

kissa hai meri barbaadi ka
aa aa aa aa
kissa hai meri barbaadi ka
aur shouq se duniya sunti hai
kissa hai meri barbaadi ka
aur shouq se duniya sunti hai
kyaa raaz hai koi kyaa jaane
kyaa raaz hai koi kyaa jaane
is dard bhare afsaane mein
is dard bhare afsaane

——————————
Talat version-2
——————————
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
ae ae ae
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
din raat mere veeraane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
wo paagalpan jo pehle thha
aa aa
paagalpan jo pehle thha
ab bhi hai tere deewaane mein
deewaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

din raat mera gham badhtaa gayaa
din raat mera gham badhtaa gayaa
par teri muhabbat kam na hui
ee ee ee
jo lutf tadapne mein paaya
jo lutf tadapne mein paaya
wo baat kahaan mar jaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

ik aag sulagti rehti hai
ik aag sulagti rehti hai
har waqt mera dil jaltaa hai
ae ae
hai shauq magar kuchh aur abhi
hai shauq magar kuchh aur abhi
jalne ka tere parwaane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai
din raat mere veeraane mein
teri yaad ka deepak jaltaa hai

11 Responses to "Teri yaad ka deepak jalta hai"

Kamath ji,
I wholeheartedly congratulate you for an excellent article giving an insight to the careers of two of the popular singers of yesteryears.The comparisons are wonderful and I am sure you must have done lot of homework before writing this piece.This type of writing makes us expect more from you always.Thanks once again.
The above details also underline the importance of understanding and reading properly the writing on the wall-which many of the old timers failed to and we know how they ended their lives in misery.
While Surendra proved to be wiser,Durrani was not that lucky.He had to pay for his carelessness very dearly.He was married to yesteryear actress/singer Jyoti-younger sister of Waheedan Bai(mother of actress NIMMI).She died befor Durrani.
Durrani had to sell his flat,car and jewellery to open the grocery shop.After 3 years of contineous loss,he had to sell this shop in 1972.In 1982,he was suffering from cancer of throat and paralysis and he lost his voice.After operation he became alright but he fought with diseases and poverty till death relieved him.
Musical pictures was established to encash the growing popularity of Naushad in the 50s.A.R.Kardar was virually blackmailed by Naushad to establish this company.They produced Daastan-50,Jadoo-51,Jeevan jyoti-53,gawaiyya-54 and Yasmin-55,before they shut the shop.

-AD

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Thanks for your appreciation.
I was not aware that G M Durrani was suffering from throat cancer and paralysis. His recovery must have been miraculous as was evident from his live singing performance in one of the programmes of ‘Mortal Men Immortal Melodies’ held, I guess, may be some time around 1983. My guess is based on the fact that he said that the song he was going to sing was 40 years old and the song was ‘neend hamaare khwaab tumhaare’ from ‘Nai Kahani’ (1943).

Video clip of that programme :

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Sorry. Forgot to give link. Video link : http://youtu.be/OvrO4qkQ_EM

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Kamath ji,
In 1983,when Noorjehan came to India,there was this function and he sang that song on the stage.
Exactly after one month,he was down with cancer and paralysis.So the function was prior to his illness and NOT after.
-AD

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In my first comment the year of his illness 1982 was by mistake,it should have been 1983.

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Thanks. Now it becomes clear.

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very emotional song infact i am crazy for talat mahmood pls update me few more songs

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mortal men immorial melodies available on you tube. all music lover must see this great program [ see ” ek dil ke tukde hazar huve song]
film pyar ki jeet suraiya – rehman. [ filmi version ] because this film dvd
is not avaible at all.

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Sadanandji,
You did it again! Ek ke baad ek jo sixer lagaa rahe ho. What a valuable info you are providing for us. I haven’t seen any movies of Surendra or G M Durrani as a main hero. Surendraji ki as a charactor role thodi film dekhi hai aur achhi bhi lagi hai. My favs are Baiju Bawra and Geet gaya pattharon ne. G M Durrani ke gaane sune hai lekin bahut kum. Thanks for the info on these two parallel actors/singers.

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A song of Talatsaab with coughing at the end with the sudden end of the song…reminds me of the tape voice of Rajesh Khanna in film Anand(1970).
Just sudden end…we have no movies to verify how these song was used. But never the less…we have their recorded voice to enjoy the music.All songs have pathos…because of wording.
thanks for sharing.

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Surendranathji called it a day for singing infilms after Gawaiah in which he gave three excellent songs. But having play back for him in Baiji bawra and also in Gawiah he decided to call it a day. The trend of musi changed. Fast paced music and western influence made a mockery of music. Being a wise man Surendraji retired from singing and soon he switched over to business in which he flourished very well. He did not suffer financial problems in the end and his sons are running the business. very well. Music lovers still enjoy songs of Surendra and Durrani sahib.Even Mukeshji and talat mahmood saw serious decline in their careers with rise of kishore. kumar.

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