Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Naachat jhoomat jaayen

Posted on: October 20, 2012


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

GOPAL KRISHNA (1938) was produced under the banner of Prabhat Film Company both in Hindi and Marathi versions. The film was directed by V G Damle and S Fatelal. The star cast included Ram Marathe, Shanta Apte, Parshuram, Ganpatrao Tambat etc. I have not seen the full movie but based on a few short clips of the films including the video clips of the songs that are available on the internet, it is a mythological film with a subtle message of nationalism against the British rule in India. The conflict between Gokul villagers on the one hand and King Kansa on the other side was compared with that of Indians and the British rule. Some of the dialogues of Krishna were full of nationalist fervour. For instance, he says to Nand that if we continued the live under the fear of King Kansa, none of our work would be successful. In some other context, Krishna says that the King and his men have been blinded by an authority of absolute power and when Kans’s men drag our cows like dogs and keep with them without proper food, such ruler and his men need to be mauled.

The film also stressed the importance of cows as economic assets specially in rural India. I have come across four songs in this film connected with cows. The message in one of such songs was ‘nirdhan ka tu dhan, nirdhan ka tu bal’ ( you are the wealth of poor, you are the strength of the poor). The film was mostly shot in lavish sets around Prabhat Studios. In one of the scenes where a large herd of cows mauls the King Kans’s men when they came to attack Gokul, hundreds of cows were required which were not available in Poona (Pune). So V G Damle and S Fatelal, directors of the film arranged the requisite number of cows from Dombivali ( now in the outskirt of Mumbai) and transported them by train to Pune.

Master Krishnarao, the music director and a regular of Prabaht Films composed songs for this film based on classical ragas. Krishnarao Ganesh Phulambikar was born on January 21, 1897 in Alandi, near Pune. After receiving training in Hindustani classical music from Pandit Bhaskarbua Bakhale, he joined Marathi theatre as an actor-singer and a musician. Later he joined Prabhat Film Company as music director. During his filmy carrier, he mostly composed music for films produced under the banner of Prabhat Films. Some of the films for which he composed music were ‘Dharmatma’ (1935), ‘Amarjyoti’ (1936), ‘Wahan’ (1937), ‘Aadmi’ (1939), ‘Padosi’ (1941) etc. As music director, his last Hindi film was probably ‘Keechak Vada” (1959). He was also a concert vocalist and travelled all over India for participating in the concerts. He is also credited with composing ‘Vande Mataram’ in raag jhinjhoti for choral singing. He passed away on October 20, 1974 in Pune.

On the occasion of the death anniversary of Master Krishnarao, I have chosen a song ‘naachat jhoomat jaayen gokul ko gop saare’ from the film GOPAL KRISHNA (1938). The song was penned by Pandit Anuj and set to music by Master Krishnarao. The song is sung by Ram Marathe ( Krishna), Shanta Apte (Radha), Parshuram (Pandya) and chorus. So it is actors-singers song. Since I have not seen the full movie, I can only guess that this song is picturised when Krishna with Radha and his cowherds march towards Gokul with a large herd of cows to let loose on the King Kans’s evil men.


Song-Naachat jhoomat jaayen (Gopal Krishna)(1938) Singer-Ram Marathe, Shanta Apte, Parshuram, Lyrics-Pandit Anuj, MD-Master Krishnarao
Chorus

Lyrics

naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare
gokul ko gop saare
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare

daurat jamunaa teer chalo
daurat jamunaa teer chalo
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gauon ko saath le lo
gauon ko saath le lo
ras ki bhari pyaar pagi
mridu murali
ras ki bhari pyaar pagi
mridu murali
mridu murali
sabai chheen li haan
sabai chheen li haan
baansuri re mast leena
sabai chheen lin haan
baansuri re mast leena

naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare
gokul ko gop saare

daar vijay maala
aa aa aa
daar vijay maala
chir jiyo nandlaala
chir jiyo nandlaala
gaayenge gaan
dhoondenge bhaan
gaayenge gaan
dhoondenge bhaan
dhoondhenge bhaan
chir jiyo nandlaala

aa aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa aaa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa

aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa

naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare

gokul ko gop saare
naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare

gokul ko gop saare
naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen
gokul ko gop saare
naachat jhoomat jaayen
naachat jhoomat jaayen

9 Responses to "Naachat jhoomat jaayen"

Sadanand ji,

It seems like a veritable treat from the 30s today. What a wonderful song this one is. Thanks also for the write up about the film and this song. Yes, those were the days when the cultural and social values were meaningful in the context of the common rural folk, and the cinema would reflect that. Wonder how many decades it has been since there has been any attention paid by the film industry to cow as the most important asset of the village folk in India. I cannot recall any from the recent two or three decades at least.

Thanks for the reminder.

Rgds
Sudhir

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Thanks for the appreciation.

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Sadanandji,
A very pleasing version of the Marathi ‘ Hasat nachat jaau ,jaau chala gokulala’. One little thing, if possible change PANDYA to PENDYA.(the role played by Master Parshuram).It strikes the ears. Sorry for the suggestion.

D Samant

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You are right. It is indeed Pendya.
Thanks for pointing out.

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Kamath ji,
Thanks for posting a song from the 30s.
One small correction-
The surname of Master krishnarao was PHULAMBRIKAR.
Phulambri is a small hamlet near Alandi in Pune District.This was krishnarao’s ancestral place.
-AD

Like

Dear Arun,
Thanks for pointing out. It was my typo mistake.

Like

Dear Sirs,
While going through the above write up, and as one by one the names mentioned therein followed and finally the subsequent comments given by you, this all made me feel that it was discussed in my home. I have heard these names as my parents used to discuss about films and of those glorious years and the contributions made by Marathi personalities then. (My parents used to act in Marathi plays and so do I till standard Xth).
I do not know why, but the names Bhalji Pendharkar, Prabhat Films, Master Vinayak, and Master Bhagwan, Shanta Apte, Rajkamal Kalamandir, Many others and particularly of Shri.V.Shataram, the logo of ‘Prabhat Films’ – I automatically get attracted to it, whether its films, songs from these films or discussions about them. So, when I read Phulmabikar – I know it was Phulambrikar.
About Prabhat Films and the songs viz. ‘Man shuddh tujhe gosht aahe pritvimolachi’, lakh lakh chanderi tejachi nyari duniya’, and all songs from Amar Bhoopali (Rajkamal Kalamandir) they are all inherited and instilled in me since childhood. And they always motivate me.
I think myself very fortunate to have such Parents who teach me the values and ethics of our culture. And these days – Navratri, Dashera, Kojagiri Purnima, and Deepawali – these are the days when we are mostly reminded of our traditions and culture.
(When I get reminded of the film ‘Padosi’ I remember Gajanan Jagirdar ‘the effortless performer’, I don’t know if today’s generation know about this great actor.
We get to see the old films in our township club, when the films screening (at weekends) in the club was introduced around 1975-76 and normally there were the old black and white films screened mostly)

So, while going through your discussions these entire things comes to my mind and I live through that nostalgic feeling again. Thank you very much.

@ Sudhir ji – I think the last film having Cow as the central character was ‘Gaai aur Gori’ -1973 wherein Shatrughan Sinha & Jaya Bhaduri played the lead roles. It was produced by Chinnapa Devar- Devar films.

Like

Dear Avinash,
I can feel the sentiments expressed by you in the above comments. For me, films and songs of 30s and 40s are like sentimental journeys. Whenever, I watched the films coming out of the banners like Prabhat and Minerva, I felt that it was art, creativity and social responsibilities more than commerce behind those films.

Like

Thanks Avinash ji,

After reading your comment, I remembered too. Also remembered that I have this film in my collection, so I pulled it out and watched it. Good wholesome village fare, with the cow Laxmi playing the lead role along with Jaya Bhaduri.

Rgds
Sudhir

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