Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Tere poojan ko bhagwaan

Posted on: May 30, 2013

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.

The year is 1935.

A young Anil Biswas is preparing to record a song for a newly arrived Heroine-RATTAN BAI. She had come from Calcutta, after working in the big banner ” New Theatres”. Having worked in films like ‘Subah ka Sitara’ and Yahudi ki Ladki-1933, with the legendary singer Sehgal, her name had become famous already. She had also worked in Rooplekh-34 and karvaan-e-hayaat-35.

“Bharat ki Beti” was her First film in Bombay and Anil Biswas was composing its music, along with the famous ustaad Zande Khan.

Actually after recording 9 songs out of the total 12 songs of the film, only 3 songs were left for Anil Biswas to compose.

The song was ” Tere poojan ko Bhagwan,bana Man Mandir Aalishaan”. This bhajan became so popular that it is considered as the best song of Rattan bai in her entire career.

After ‘Bharat ki beti’ Rattan bai acted in several films. She sang many songs too, with many famous composers. In the film ‘Dharma’-1945-her last film-she acted as a Heroine and sang songs under Sajjad Hussain, but her first song in Bombay ” Tere poojan ko bhagwan” remained her best ever song.

Cut to year 1954…

The film is Majboori-1954 and the singer is Hamida Bano.

Hamida Bano was singing in films since 1943 and had decided to migrate to Pakistan after singing over 150 songs in about 60 films. Majboori-54 was her last film and her last song in India was “Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan,bana Man Mandir Aalishan”, sung along with a young Asha Bhosale.

It is almost 20 years since the first rendition of this Bhajan by Rattan Bai. This bhajan from “Majboori” too became very popular.

This Bhajan is a Traditional one and its actual writer is not known. In ‘Bharat ki Beti’, it was credited to no one, but in Majboori-54, the writer is shown as D N Madhok.

Being popular,it is sung by many singers, including kavi Pradeep,as an NFS.

It was a revelation that even Shamshad Begum has sung this Bhajan.

I was just going through my collection of songs on You tube to find out a rare song of SHAMSHAD BEGUM for posting as my tribute to this versatile singer. I suddenly came across this song posted by some kind soul, just after the news of the death of Shamshad Begum appeared.

I was surprised to know that Shamshad Begum ever sang this NFS. A note on the YT about this song says that she sang this Bhajan under the name of Radha Rani. The voice,in the song,is unmistakably of Shamshad Begum only.

SHAMSHAD BEGUM was born to Hussain Baksh Maan and Fatima, a Muslim Jat couple of Lahore on 14-4-1919. She was the 5th out of a total of 9 siblings. She never got systematic training in music but she was a naturally good singer and she frequently sang in school, standing on the bench-due to her small height. Her voice was clear and sharp.

When she was 12 year old, her Uncle Amaruddin took her to Lahore’s Geno Phone recording company where Master Ghulam Hyder tested her with a Bahadurshah Zafar Ghazal and she passed the test with flying colours. few records were made with her.

In those times NFS of Shamshad begum were becoming famous and popular all over.

In 1934,she sang 2 songs on one record. The first was ‘ Tere poojan ko Bhagwan..” a Traditional Bhajan and on the other side was ‘ Jai Jagadish Hare “. These became so popular that hundreds of records were sold out in no time.

As a precaution, the Recording company had decided to give the singer’s name as “RADHA RANI ” as these were Hindu religious Bhajans and its singing by a Muslim girl might not have been digested by some people in those politically turbulent times in Lahore.

With the kind of fame Shamshad achieved, it was natural for her to get several proposals and offers of Film acting and singing (there was a great demand for singer actresses those days), but her strict parents declined the film offers.

At the age of 16 years she got married to Barrister Ganpatlal Battu, a Hindu person. He used to visit shootings and had thus become acquainted to her. Shamshad gave birth to her only daughter USHA on 15-6-1936. Her husband died somewhere in 1955-56 and Shamshad got her daughter married to Col Yograj Ratra in April 1959,at Patel nagar,new Delhi.

In her career Shamshad sang about 1650 Hindi and Punjabi songs. She last sang for film ‘Ganga maang rahi Balidan”-1981. These were 3 duets with Mubarak begum.

Shamshad begum died on 23-4-2013 at Powai,Mumbai.

I had never heard any NFS by Shamshad Begum and so was very much pleased to hear one of her oldest recordings as an NFS. This is the FIRST NFS of Shamshad Begum on this Blog. I do hope you will also like this song.

Song-Tere poojan ko Bhagwaan (Shamshad Begam NFS)(1934) Singer-Shamshad Begam, MD-Ghulam Haider


tere poojan ko bhagwaan
bana man mandir aalishaan
tere poojan ko bhagwaan
bana man mandir aalishaan

phal aur phool chadha shardhha ke
nain ke jal se ??
phal aur phool chadha shardhha ke
nain ke jal se ??
jagmag jyot jalaaun gyaan
bana man mandir aalishaan
jagmag jyot jalaaun gyaan
bana man mandir aalishaan

maala naam ki haath uthhakar
ghat mein teri alakh jagaakar
maala naam ki haath uthhakar
ghat mein teri alakh jagaakar
tera sada karoon gungaan
bana man mandir aalishaan
tera sada karoon gungaan
bana man mandir aalishaan

jal mein thhal mein teri maaya
sooraj chandra mein tu hi samaaya
jal mein thhal mein teri maaya
sooraj chandra mein tu hi samaaya
bana man mandir aalishaan
bana man mandir aalishaan

tu hi paale tu hi maare
tu hi dubaawe tu hi taare
tu hi paale tu hi maare
tu hi dubaawe tu hi taare
?? kare kalyaan
bana man mandir aalishaan
?? kare kalyaan
bana man mandir aalishaan
tere poojan ko bhagwaan
bana man mandir aalishaan


10 Responses to "Tere poojan ko bhagwaan"

This is very popular bhajan and tune. The tune was copied by many in various langauges.

This is Kirtan style bhajan. Narada is considered the originator of this tradition.
saint Namdev (c. 1270–1350), used kirtan to praise the glory of god Vithoba. Than in early 16th century Chaitanya Mahaprabhu did for Krishna sankirtan.
Nowadays it is a major practice in Vaisnava (pustimarg) devotionalism. But also you will find this style in Sikhism, the Sant traditions, and in Buddhism, as well as other religious/regionals groups.
Kirtan became more common in western countries with the spread of ISKCON (Gaudiya Vaishnavism).

I have to thank you for this post and the uploader of this version. I had read about Shamshad Begum singing this bhajan under the name Radha Rani, but never got down to searching for it.

You must be aware Rafi had sung its parody in Shaadi (1962), music by Chitragupta, picturised on Om Prakash.

I was always aware of its tune from my childhood, in the internet era I became familiar with Ratan Bai’s version and fell for it (I find her version the best). My impression is that it may be a traditional tune even predating Anil Biswas – something like the Aarti, Om jai Jagdish Hare. It would be interesting to research who first composed the tune of these bhajans. Arunji, you are the best person to do it and I would be very happy to hear from you.

AK ji,
Thanks for your studied comments.
Rattan Bai’s version is posted here already and Rafi’s parody is also available here-

There is no doubt that this is a traditional Bhajan so it would be extremely difficult to get at the name of the originator of its tune,however,it is worth trying. Wish me luck !

This bhajan was indeed very popular in its time because of the easy and catchy tune. The missing words are inserted below:-

1. Nain ke jal se charan dhula ke

2. Sooraj Chandra mein tu hi samaaya,
tera tribhuvan mein sanmaan

3. Tujh bin kaun karey kalyaan

very nice Arun ji,
there is also this werse,
what Iremmber from my child hood.

Too he jal mae too he thal mae,
Too he bag ke har patan mae,
Tare leela amit mahan ,
Bana man mandir aale shan,
Tare poojan ko bhagwan,
Bana man mandir aale shan.

Very nice post and bhajan. Thoroughly enjoyed it.

Very nice Bhajan, thanks a lot Arun ji for this rare treat!

Very nice bhajan, so soothing !!!!

The tune for this song came from Gurmat Sangeet of the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Ghulam Haider’s father Bhai Mehar was a musician of Sikh religious music in Amritsar. He was a freelance musician. He taught all Raagas used in the Holy Guru Granth Sahib to Ghulam Haider, but Ghulam Haider opted to become a music director.

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