Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘NFS


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5241 Post No. : 17238

Today we celebrate a combined anniversary of two singers. Two singers who were contemporary, two singers who were very good friends, two singers whose voices were considered almost similar. It is the birth anniversary of Geeta Dutt (nee Roy), and the remembrance day of Meena Kapoor.

23rd November – Geeta Ji was born in the year 1930 in Idilpur village (now in Bangladesh), into a zamindar family. In early 1940s, they moved to Calcutta (now Kolkata) and then to Bombay (now Mumbai) in mid 1940s.  The same date in 2017, Meena ji passed away in Kolkata, after some years of illness. She was in Delhi till 2003, the year when Anil Da (Anil Biswas) passed away, and then she moved to Kolkata.

Geeta ji started her singing career in 1945, with the film ‘Aadhaar’ under the music direction of SN Tripathi. Her last released film is ‘Anubhav’ from 1971, and then ‘Midnight’ from 1972, which remained unreleased.

Meena ji started her career in 1946. Two films with her playback singing were released that year – ‘Door Chalen’ under the music direction of KC Dey, and ‘Eight Days’ under the music direction of SD Burman. Her last singing assignment is recorded for the 1965 film ‘Chhoti Chhoti Baaten’, with music by Anil Biswas.

As I thought of writing a combined post for these two singing ladies, I tried to search for a duet sung by them. As per the Geet Kosh, I am able to locate only three duets they have sung. Two of them are already posted here on our blog. The first one is from the film ‘Aadhi Raat’ (1950) – “Main Ne Balam Se Poochhaa Miloge Kahaan”, and the second one is from the film ‘Jalte Deep’ also from 1950 – “Aayi Milan Ki Raat Karo Meethhi Meethhi Baat”. The third duet listed in Geet Kosh is from 1951 film ‘Ghaayal’. The song is “Tera Kisi Pe Aaye Dil…”. This song is not yet posted on our blog. And for good reason. This song is not yet traceable in public domain. The funny thing is that the song on the ‘palat’ (other) side of the record (GE 8739) is very much available – “Dil Toota Hua, Pal Pal Tujhe Pukaare” (singer is Meena Kapoor) and also posted on our blog. But as I started inquiring yesterday evening from my trusted circle of collector friends, all of the replied that this song is somehow not yet available.

But then today late morning, I got information about two other duet songs of this pair, which was very heartening. Just as a side, film ‘Ghaayal’ of 1951 has one other song in which the voices of these two ladies appear. However, this one is a trio song accompanied by GM Durrani. It is a long song, on both sides of the record (no. GE8740) which means it is about 6 minutes long. I was actually preparing to use this trio song for today’s post, but then I got two responses from two dear friends, both sharing information about one duet song each. Very interesting development indeed.

First I got to see a message from dear Gajendra Khanna ji (Bengaluru based) in which he shared info about another duet song. This one is from the 1948 film ‘Hip Hip Hurray’ (aka ‘Chaube ji’) and the song title is “Hum Jaan Gaye Jaan Gaye Jaan Gaye Ji”. The Geet Kosh does not list the singer names for this song. I tried to confirm this information, checking with another dear friend Zafar Bhai (based in Delhi-6), and he sent me the image of the record of this song. The reason that GK does not list the singer names is because the record itself does not carry these names. On checking back with Gajendra Ji, he shared with me the audio of the song, and said that the identification is based on the voices on the track. So we found another duet song.

And then almost immediately Zafar Bhai also responded with an additional song. This turns out to be a NFS duet, that makes it all the more rare. The fact that there are really very rare duet NFS songs (of any pair of singers), being able to locate one with these two voices, which have otherwise also not sung too many songs together, makes is rarer than rare.

I decided to go ahead with this NFS song, and dear Zafar Bhai immediately obliged by posting it on YouTube. All the additional delays that bring this post to almost 9 pm in the evening, are my doing. :D) :D)

The lyrics of this song are from the pen of Madhukar Rajasthani, an eminent poet of his time. Music is from the mind of Vedpal Verma, one of the lesser heard names in Hindi films, who has otherwise a notable portfolio of 70 songs from about a dozen films (this info is till 1980, and there may be more work done by this MD beyond 1980).

The song is a ‘bidaai’ song. A hoary tradition of this land – a song that is sung to bid farewell to a new bride as she starts her journey to a new home, a new family and a new life partner. The words are so wonderfully appropriate. My identification of the voices is that the first stanza is in the voice of Geeta ji and the second stanza is in the voice of Meena ji. I may be wrong, as I am not a good judge of voices. The record label unmistakably carries both names. In case my identification is in error, please let me know and I will make necessary changes.

In the beginning of the song there are a few lines that have been recited by an unidentified male voice. Could it be the poet himself? I cannot say.

Two very beautiful voices, and two very beautiful ladies. Good friends, but singing together only occasionally. Enjoy this very rare treat of an NFS duet song, with lots of thanks to Zafar Bhai for making my day.

 

Song – Jaa Ri Laadli Apne Ghar Ko (NFS) (1952) Singer – Geeta Roy (Dutt), Meena Kapoor, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, MD – Vedpal Verma

Lyrics

kaisa milan ye kaisa bichhudna
kaisa milan ye kaisa bichhudna
kaisi jag ki reet re
kaisi jag ki reet
de di bida mohe hanste hanste
de di bida mohe hanste hanste
kaise hain ye meet
goonj raha kaanon mein ab tak
wahi vidaai geet
ja ri laadli apne ghar ko
yaad hamaari karna
saath tumhaare meri duaaen
phoolo phalo khush rehna
ja ri laadli

oo oo oooo
bachpan ke sab sangi saathi
bachpan ke sab sangi saathi
bhulat naahin bhulaaye
man chhoda babul ki nagri
man chhoda babul ki nagri
tan doli mein jaaye
tan doli mein jaaye
door kahin wo le ke bansi
baar baar ye gaaye
ja ri laadli apne ghar ko
yaad hamaari karna
saath tumhaare meri duaaen
phoolo phalo khush rehna
ja ri laadli

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

कैसा मिलन ये कैसा बिछुड़ना
कैसा मिलन ये कैसा बिछुड़ना
कैसी जग की रीत रे
कैसी जग की रीत
दे दी बिदा मोहे हँसते हँसते
दे दी बिदा मोहे हँसते हँसते
कैसे हैं ये मीत
गूंज रहा कानों में अब तक
वही विदाई गीत
जा री लाड़ली अपने घर को
याद हमारी करना
साथ तुम्हारे मेरी दुआएं
फूलो फलो खुश रहना
जा री लाड़ली

ओ ओ ओ
बचपन के सब संगी साथी
बचपन के सब संगी साथी
भूलत नहीं भुलाए
मन छोड़ा बाबुल की नगरी
मन छोड़ा बाबुल की नगरी
तन डोली में जाये
तन डोली में जाये
दूर कहीं वो ले के बांसुरी
बार बार ये गाये
जा री लाड़ली अपने घर को
याद हमारी करना
साथ तुम्हारे मेरी दुआएं
फूलो फलो खुश रहना
जा री लाड़ली


This article is written by Sadanand Kamath, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5141 Post No. : 17101

Greetings to all the readers of the Blog on the occasion of आजादी का अमृत महोत्सव on the 75th Year of Independence of India today, August 15, 2022. Independence Day is the reminder to all of us about the sacrifices a large number of Indians made during the freedom struggle to achieve independence on August 15, 1947. Thanks to the history books, the present generation is aware of the sacrifices for the independence struggle, made by Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lala Lajpat Rai, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and many more. But lets us not forget to remember hundreds of other freedom fighters whose sacrifices, by and large, remained in anonymity. One such name which I came to know recently was that of Vidyadhari Bai, a tawaif (courtesan) who, apart from composing and singing patriotic songs in her musical performances, she also provided financial and logistic support to freedom fighters.

A few months back, I had purchased Amritlal Nagar’s Hindi book ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) which gives an account of the life of some courtesans of the early 20th Century. In this book, there is a chapter on Vidyadhari Bai of Jesuri in Chandauli block of the then Banaras district. There is also an addenda chapter which gives an account of Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with some courtesans of Banaras sometime in 1921 during which he advised Vidyadhari Bai to sing nationalist songs while giving her musical performances in big cities and in princely states. Accordingly, she wrote and rendered some patriotic songs in all her concerts. The courtesans of Banaras formed a Tawaif Sabha to support the independence struggle. Husna Bai, one of the prominent courtesans of Banaras chaired the meeting of the Sabha during which she acknowledged that it was at the initiative of Vidyadhari Bai that Tawaif Sabha was formed.

Saba Dewan’s recent book ‘Tawaifnama’ (2019), more or less, confirms that Vidyadhari Bai organised a series of smaller meetings at her home to enthuse other courtesans to the cause of the non-cooperation movement. She was joined in these efforts by another courtesan, Sultana who too had been closely tracking the unfolding political scenario. Both of them prevailed upon Husna Bai to call a meeting of the entire community to work out the details of the agenda. Tawaifs, who actively participated in the mutiny of 1857, would once again have to come forward and contribute their bit to the nationalist cause. This was not just their duty as daughters of India but also the need of the hour if they did not wish to be consigned to the dustbin of history. They also felt that times were changing and tawaifs too would have to keep pace with fast-changing social and political scenarios in India.

Vidyadhari Bai was a contemporary of Gauhar Jaan. She was born in Jesuri village in present Chandauli district. Her grandfather, Purushottam Rai was a musician. There is confusion as to which year she was born – 1874 or 1881? She got musical training from Pandit Ram Sumeru Mishra, a Sarangi player and later from Ustad Naseer Khan of Darbhanga. She started singing in her early teens with Jayadev’s poems. With this, she became so famous that she started getting invitations from royal courts all over India for her concerts. She became the court singer in the court of Raja of Banaras. She excelled in khayaal, taraana, thumri, dadra, tappa, ghazal and bhajans. It is said that her singing voice was so mesmerizing that even the passer-by would be tempted to attend her concerts. She was so popular that in her concerts, to witness her performances, a large number of people were perforce standing in the back due to shortage of space for sitting. Besides Hindi and Urdu, she was a proficient singer in Marathi, Gujarati, Bangla and Punjabi languages.

Vidyadhari Bai was a fashion icon for the ladies of the royal and landlords’ families. However, after Mahatma Gandhi’s call to shun foreign goods, she stopped wearing jewelries and imported cloth. In all her concerts, she would render at least one patriotic song. Probably, she was the first courtesan to perform mujra by singing patriotic songs.

In her native village, Jesuri, Vidyadhari Bai had constructed a one-story bungalow with some out-houses which became the perfect hideout for freedom fighters to avoid arrest from the British police. During this period, she used to provide financial assistance to them besides regularly donating some part of her income for the cause of India’s freedom movements.

In the early 1940s, probably when the old age had caught up with Vidyadhari Bai and with the decline of the tawaif system, she returned to Jesuri and stayed in her house with her brother’s family. Since she used to donate a large part of her earnings for the cause of freedom movements and also help financially the freedom fighters’ families, she did not have much savings during the latter part of her life. During this period, she started teaching musical lessons to students free of charge.

Vidyadhari Bai had a premonition that her end was near. So, she shifted to Mukti Bhavan in Banaras on May 9, 1971. On the very next day, May 10, 1971, she breathed her last in her 90s, unsung and in anonymity. As per her own submission, she did not get any recognition or honor from the Government.

As mentioned earlier, Amritlal Nagar’s ‘Ye Kothewalian’ (1958) included a letter from Vidyadhari Bai about her meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in Banaras. She wrote in the letter that on his suggestion, some courtesans had decided to start their musical performances with renditions of nationalist songs. Lyrics of one such song written and sung by her, “Chun Chun Ke Phool Le Lo” was included in the letter. She said in the letter that she rendered this song in all her performances despite the presence of policemen from the police stations of the areas of her performances for keeping a close watch on the visitors. The song lives on today – it was included in Hindustani classical singer Shubha Mudgal’s album, ‘Swadheenta Samar Geet’ (2008), a collection of songs from the freedom movement.

On the occasion of the 75th Independence Day, I am presenting the same song rendered by Shubha Mudgal. The music was composed by her husband, Aneesh Pradhan. While composing the song, he has used mainly harmonium and tabla probably to give a feel of the period during which Vidyadhari Bai had rendered this song. In 2011, the couple collaborated with theater director Sunil Shanbhag on a musical drama ‘Stories in a Song’, one episode of which recreated Mahatma Gandhi’s meeting with the courtesans of Tawaif Sabha.

This song takes us back to more than a century to recreate a part of the history of India’s freedom movements.

————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Acknowledgements: In addition to the books I mentioned in my article, I am also thankful to ‘Sureele Dinon Ki Daastan’ and Dr. Manish Kumar Mishra for their videos on Vidyadhari Bai which gave some useful additional information on her.

Audio Clip:

Song-Chun chun ke phool le lo (Shubha Mudgal NFS)(2008) Singer-Shubha Mudgal, Lyrics-Vidyadhari Bai, MD-Aneesh Pradhan

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aaa aaa aaa aaa aaaa aa
aa aa aa aa aaaa

chun chun ke phool le lo o o….o
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye

aa aa aa aaaaa aa aaaa
ye wo chaman nahi hai….ai ae ae
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ye wo chaman nahin hai
lene se ho ujaad
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
ulfat kaa jismen kuchh bhi
ehsaan rah na jaaye
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
bhar do jawaan bandon
jailon mein chaahe bhar do
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye…..ae
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aaa
aa aa aa aaaaaaa aa
maata pe koi hota qurbaan rah na jaaye
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
chhal-o-fareb se tum Bharat kaa maal looto
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
iske liye yaa koi saamaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….o

Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana….aaaaaaa aa
Bharat na rah sakega hargij ghulaamkhaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana
aazaad hoga hoga
aaya hai wo zamaana..aa
khoon khaulne laga hai….ai ae
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
khoon khaulne laga hai ab Hindustaniyon kaa
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana
kar denge zaalimon ke band bas jurm dhaana..aa
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
qaumi tirange jhande pe jaan nisaar unki
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
Hindu Masih Muslim gaate hain ye taraana
aa aa aaaaa
parwaah ab kise hai…ai ae
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
parwaah ab kise hai
iss jail-o-daman ki
ik khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
ek khel ho raha hai
phaansi pe jhool jaana
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
Bharat watan hamaara
Bharat ke ham hain bachche
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
maata ke waaste hai manzoor sar kataana
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo….ooo
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo
armaan rah na jaaye
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye ae
ye Hind kaa bageecha
gulzaar rah na jaaye
chun chun ke phool le lo………o

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ आ
आ आ आ आ आ

चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये

आ आ आ आsss आ आsss
ये वो चमन नहीं है॰॰ऐ
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
ये वो चमन नहीं है
लेने से हो उजाड़
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
उल्फ़त का जिस में कुछ भी
एहसान रह ना जाये
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
भर दो जवान बंदों
जेलों में चाहे भर दो
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये॰॰ए
आ आ आ आsssss आ
आ आ आ आsssss आ
माता पे कोई होता क़ुरबान रह ना जाये
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
छल औ फरेब से तुम भारत का माल लूटो
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
इसके लिए या कोई सामान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ

भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना आ आ
भारत ना रह सकेगा हरगिज़ ग़ुलामखाना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना
आज़ाद होगा होगा
आया है वो ज़माना॰॰आ
खूँ खौलने लगा है॰॰ऐ
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
खूँ खौलने लगा है अब हिंदुस्तानीओं का
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा
कर देंगे ज़ालिमों के बंद बस जुर्म ढाणा॰॰आ
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
कौमी तिरंगे झंडे पे जां निसार उनकी
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना
हिन्दू मसीह मुस्लिम गाते हैं ये तराना

आ आ आssss
परवाह अब किसे है॰॰ऐ
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
परवाह अब किसे है
इस जेल ओ दमन की
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
इक खेल हो रहा है
फांसी पे झूल जाना
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
भारत वतन हमारा
भारत के हम हैं बच्चे
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना
माता के वास्ते है मंजूर सर कटाना

ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो
अरमान रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
ये हिन्द का बगीचा
गुलज़ार रह ना जाये
चुन चुन के फूल ले लो॰॰ओ


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5107 Post No. : 17048

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS), sung by Jagmohan Bakshi.

In the field of NFS (Non-Film Song), most people know about Jagmohan Sursagar but very few would know about Jagmohan Bakshi. At Least I have come across only this NFS song by Bakshi so far and that too thanks to record collector Zafar Bhai who has uploaded this song. Music lovers, by now, know Zafar Bhai as one who has been uploading some rare songs from obscure and famous films, as well as a few NFS too. We, in ASAD, know him as a friend of our friend Sudhir ji.

Jagmohan Bakshi was one of the partners of Sapan-Jagmohan pair of Music Directors. We all are used to knowing and seeing MD Pairs. Nothing new about it. In Fact, ask any music lover ” who was the first pair of Music Directors ? ” and pat will come the answer ” Husnlal- Bhagatram”. Some knowledgeable lovers may even add, their first film was Prabhat’s ‘Chaand’-1944. But then is it true ? Were they the first ever pair of Music Directors in Hindi films ?

Friends, let me say that generally half knowledge or even doctored knowledge forces certain matters like facts, but when reality is discovered, it is proved otherwise. For lack of proper documentation, Hindi film history has several Grey areas still. As and when credible evidence crops up, we have to revise the ‘ Historical’ facts carried on so far. The latest example of this is – for several years we knew that the Music Director for the film ” Pamposh”-1953 was Manoharlal Khanna. The recent research done by RMIM on this has dug up irrefutable proof the real Music Director of film Pamposh-1953 was Mohanlal Aima and NOT Manoharlal Khanna !

Similarly, the real singers of ‘ Bharat ki ek sannari ki’ (Ram Rajya-1943) and the singer of ‘ Dilli se aaya Bhai Tingu’ (Ek thi Ladki-1949) were also found by convincing proof. It happens. That is why I always say ‘ Film History is not permanent. It gets revised whenever new documents are unearthed ‘. There are umpteen examples to prove this statement right.

Coming back to First Music Director Pairs, I have discovered, rather dug up certain facts. Generally it is considered that Husnlal- Bhagatram was the first pair of composers or at least they started the trend. However, it is NOT true, really. In the early era, when the Talkie films started in 1931, as early as 1932 itself a pair of 2 composers worked for a film- Indrasabha-1932, which had a record 71 songs. Composer Vazir Khan made the tunes and composer Nagardas Nayak played them on Harmonium.Though only Nagardas Nayak’s name is mentioned as its Music Director, HFGK has put up a footnote giving this information, quoting the name of composer Fida Hussain. OK, forget them.

Rewashankar Marwadi and Gangaprasad Pathak gave music together for Gunsundari- 1934 as well as the film Raat ki Raani-35. Forget them also. Rewashankar Marwadi then made a pucca pair with composer Banne Khan and this pair gave music to 12 films, as a pair. ( Barrister’s wife-35, College girl-35, Qeemati aansoo-35, Noor-e-watan-35, Chalaak chor-36, Raj Ramani-36, Dil ka daaku-36, Sipahi ki sajani-36, Matlabi Duniya-36, Lehri lala-36, Ghazi Diler-36 and Mitti ka putla-37 ). In my opinion, they should be considered the first pair of Music Directors as well as Trend setters and NOT Husnlal-Bhagatram. Of course the number of films the Husnlal Bhagatram team did was more ( 52), but that is because after 1935, the speed of making films increased. More films were made in the 40s and the 50s than in the 30s. Moreover many composers left for Pakistan in the late 40s, so more films for less composers were available.

In the period 1931 to 1940, a total of 931 Hindi films were made, in 1941 to 1950…a total of 1236 films and in 1951 to 1960…a total of 1203 Hindi films were made. (stats by Girdharilal Vishwakarma ji).

So, that’s about the first Music Director pair. There are plenty of cases of Music Director Pairs. These pairs are made for various reasons like…
1. Permanent professional pairs like Shankar Jaikishan, Laxmikant Pyarelal, Kalyanji Anandji etc
2. Temporary like Lala-Sattar
3. Due to the exit of 1 Music Director- like some films of Sajjad Hussain
4.Accidental or only once like Frank-Rai or Lala-Asar-Sattar or C Ramchandra-Anil Biswas etc etc.

The pair of Sapan-Jagmohan was also a permanent professional pair. Actually, Jagmohan had come to Hindi films to become a singer, but like many such aspirants, instead, became a Music Director. Jagmohan Bakshi was born in Murrie in Punjab on 29-7 1929.Love of singing and music brought him to Bombay where he met a similar struggler Sapan Sengupta (born on 17-7-1932 at Sylhet in Bengal). One was from Pakistan -west and the other was from Pakistan -East. They became friends and shared a room in a Goregaon Chawl. They regularly sang in the chorus and had dreams of becoming MDs one day ! This pair was favoured by Naashaad, S D Burman and Salil Chaudhari.

Finally S D Burman gave Jagmohan Bakshi a chance to sing a duet with Asha Bhosle, in the film Taxi Driver-1954. The song became popular-‘ Dekho mane nahi roothi haseena,na jaane kya baat hai’. Still no offers came forth. He sang in Hamlet-54,a duet with Rafi. He sang his final and third trio with Lata and Usha in ‘Piya Milan’-1958. In his lifetime Jagmohan Bakshi sang only these three songs-no solo in them.

Later he formed a pair with Sapan as Sapan-Jagmohan and as MD gave music to their first film-Begaana-1963. This pair gave music to 43 films,mostly B and C grade obscure movies.

Jagmohan Bakshi died on 26-2-1999.

Today’s NFS is sung by Jagmohan Bakshi, but even here he is not singing solo, the chorus is with him. The music was provided by Ramesh Naidu. The only other ” Naidu ‘ ( a caste in Andhra pradesh) was Vasant Kumar Naidu in Hindi films. During the period of 1950’s and the 1960’s, one could see many South Indian Music Directors in Hindi films. They were seen mainly in dubbed or Remade films. You may find names like C R Subramanyam, Ghantasala, Balkrishna Kalla, S D Parthasarathy, R Sudarshanam, Adi Narayan Rao, Vishwanath-Rammurthy, T G Lingappa, C S Ragi, Gopal Rao, Umapati Seel, Ramnath, S Hari Darshan etc etc.

Pasupuleti Ramesh Naidu (Born 18-10-1933,Died 2-9-2005) was born in Kondapalli in Krishna District (Andhra Pradesh). He was so obsessed with music that he ran away and landed in Bombay when he was 14 year old. B R Chopra took him under his wings and Ramesh learnt Instrumentation and orchestration in HMV at Bombay. He started his music career at the age of 17 years with a Marathi film ” Bhandawal Paahije “-1950, produced, Directed and acted by Kishore Sahu. After a few years he went back to Andhra and got married. He got a son also and then he came to Bombay, on his way to Calcutta. he spent 10 years there giving music to Bangla, Oriya and Nepali films.

He was invited to Madras and he gave music to Amma mata-72. He settled there with his family. He gave music in Tamil, Telugu and Kannada films. He came to Bombay from time to time to give music to Dubbed and Remade films from the South. He also gave music in a few Bhojpuri films. His Hindi films were Hamlet-54, Jay Simha-54, Piya Milan-58, Nartaki Chitra-65, Ganga Bhavani-79, Azaadi ki Oar-86,and Hum bhi kuch kam nahin-1983. His first south film was Dampatyam-57 and last was Ish Gup chup-1993. He surpassed Salil Chaudhari by giving music in 10 Indian languages( Salil da gave music in 9 ). Ramesh Naidu got the National Award for the film ‘Megh Sandesham’.

Naidu left this world on 2-9-2005, at Hyderabad.

Now, let us enjoy today’s NFS sung by Jagmohan Bakshi.


Song- Ghir ghir aaye kaale baadal (Jagmohan Bakshi NFS)(1960) Singer-Jagmohan Bakshi, Lyricist- Akhtar Romani, Music- Ramesh Naidu
Jagmohan Sursagar + Chorus
chorus

Lyrics

Neel gagan per jhoomte ae ae
aaye dekho
kaale baadal l l
birhan ko
sandes milan ka aa aa aa
de matwaale baadal

dharti aur aakaash pukaare
saawan aaya hamre dwaare
jaage jaage bhaag hamaare
chaaron oar machi hai halchal l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal

sookhi dharti pyaas ki maari
o o o o
sookhi dharti pyaas ki maari
tarsi hui man ki phulwaari
aa aa aa aa aa aa
tarsi hui man ki phulwaari
neer bahaati aankh hamaari
sab kahte thhe baadal baadal l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal

naach rahi thhi jahaan niraasha
o o o o
naach rahi thhi jahaan niraasha
aaj waahan per jhoome aasha
aa aa aa aa aa aa
aaj waahan per jhoome aasha
mausam bhi hai khoob tamaasha
khet bane dam bhar mein jal thhal
l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
dharti aur aakaash pukaare
saawan aaya hamre dwaare
jaage jaage bhaag hamaare
chaaron oar machi hai halchal l l l
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal
Ghir ghir aaye ae ae
kaale baadal


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5056 Post No. : 16970

Today’s song is a special song. It is special because it is sung by an almost unimaginable actor who was a famous villain and we could never imagine that he would have sung a solo song and a record was brought out for that song ! But then life is like that only. It has routinely presented surprises, shocks, puzzles and inconceivable situations. That’s why LIFE is interesting ! Speaking about show business, it is all the more pertinent. There are umpteen number of cases where men became actors when it was not planned and from actors they went into something totally different, unconnected activity. Let us see some examples.

Is it not a game of Fortune, when an ordinary Laboratory Technician becomes a famous and popular actor overnight and is known as Ashok Kumar ? How does one explain the conversion of a choreographer, trained by Uday Shankar, for the film Lakharani-1945 into famous director Guru Dutt ? Hari Shivdasani started as a film director with Yasmin-1935, but became an actor in 110 films. Motilal-a Navy aspirant and a casual onlooker of a shooting is invited to directly become a Hero and for next 31 years became a popular actor. Likewise Ramnarayan Venkatraman Sastry who was an M.Sc.,Ph.D. in Physics, knew 12 Indian and 4 Foreign languages, who edited a Dance and Drama Magazine, who earned a Fellowship of New York University, A grade Flier, Swimmer, Painter, a trained magician, Shooter, A.I.R. Singer and who was invited by European and American Universities for giving lectures, one fine morning was invited and became a Tamil Film Hero in 1941. He was named Ranjan and acted in 58 Hindi films, wrote film stories like Munimji-1955 and did Choreography.

The Film Industry is replete with other side examples too – like how successful actors left films and did something totally different… like Shashi Kapoor Sr. who left a blooming film career as a Child artiste of 21 films, did M.Sc.Ph.D and became a Mathematics professor in an American University. The case of Ashraf Khan is too weird to be believed. He was an actor-singer in 31 films and 59 songs, left films and became a Sufi Saint ! Mukund Rai Trivedi- one of the Frank- Rai pair of Music Directors left films, joined family beusiness of Mining, became a Billionaire and a Lok Sabha M.P. Madholal Master left films after 34 films as an MD and purued his hobby of making Puppets. He became internationally famous and was honoured by the international Puppetary Association. His ” JOKER ” puppet was used by Raj kapoor in film Mera Naam Joker. Saigal was a Typewriter salesman before becoming a singer-actor.

In these examples add one more name B. M. VYAS. The famous villain of 174 films was a stage drama actor, a singer and a Music Teacher to Mahendra Kapoor and his brother, to start with. He was a trained musician and singer. Today’s song is sung by him for the Drama ” Deewar”- staged by Prithvi Theatres in 1945. Let us take a look at his journey from a singer to a villain….

Actor Brij Mohan aka B.M.Vyas was one artiste who started as a singer, became a drama actor and then ended up as a villain, character actor. B.M.Vyas was born as Brijmohan Vyas on Vijayadashami (22 October) day of 1920 in Churu, Rajasthan. He is the younger brother of the well-known poet and lyricist, Bharat Vyas. He was married at the age of 17 when his wife, Jamna was just 11. They had 71 years of marital bliss before Jamna passed away in 2008. They had six daughters and a son. After acting in over 200 films in various languages, Vyas quit acting in the early 1990s. Then he moved to his residence in Kalyan. Having seen various shades of life, Vyas lived a contented life with his children and grandchildren.

On 15 January, 1944, actor Prithviraj Kapoor realised his dream when Prithvi Theatre, his own drama company came into being. Mahakavi Kalidas’ classic Shakuntala was chosen to be their first performance. The play’s cast included Uzra Mumtaz (younger sister of Zohra Segal) to play Shakuntala, Prithviraj Kapoor to play Dhushyant, K N Singh was cast as Rishi Kanva, Shakuntala’s foster father, Sati Devi (Bijoya Ray’s sister, Ruma Guha Thakurta’s mother) as Gautami, caretaker of Kanva Ashram who raises Shakuntala, and Hemavati (Daya Kishan Sapru’s wife) to play Shakuntala’s friend Priyamvada, among others. A young, 24 years old, B M Vyas was recruited as a singer by the drama company to sing songs in their play at a monthly salary of 75 Rupees.

Once when rehearsals for their maiden show were in progress and Vyas was done with his singing rehearsals, he was watching rehearsals of the cast. One of his songs for the play was “Bitiya Rani Kahan Kahan Tapasvi Log, Milna Julna Rehgaya Nadi Naav Sanjog”. The cast was rehearsing for a scene which needed Rishi Kanva to recite a mantra in Sanskrit, but actor K N Singh was having trouble reciting it. Prithviraj was trying to help him but was also faltering in saying it perfectly. Vyas , an expert in Hindi and Sanskrit, having immense knowledge of Ved Mantra was witnessing the proceedings for two days. It was possibly the blessing of Goddess Saraswati that inspired him to say the mantra aloud. On hearing him intone the mantra with such Brahminical precision, Prithviraj was very impressed and asked him to help K N Singh in saying the mantra correctly. But soon K N Singh informed Prithviraj ji that he will not be able to speak Devbhasha (Sanskrit) and that he should look for another artiste for the role. Prithviraj asked Prithvi Theatre’s manager Ramesh Saigal to approach Vyas for the role. Vyas , who had already acted in a Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana earlier, readily agreed and stepped into the role and thus started his journey as an actor.

While the rehearsals were still on, Vyas suffered a personal tragedy and had to go back home in Bikaner, Rajasthan. There he fell sick with typhoid. Here rehearsals were in full swing as the play was to premiere on 9 March, 1945 at the Royal Opera House. The final date was about a month away so Prithviraj asked him to come back as soon as possible. Vyas returned with his wife though he was still unwell. On the day he resumed his rehearsals he couldn’t do much due to frequent blackouts. The medication he was on did not seem to help him much. He remembers the doctor from Kalbadevi who treated him for free; with his medication, Vyas ji’s health improved considerably in just three days.

The final round of rehearsals was done and finally the day of Prithvi Theatre’s first play to be staged, arrived. For the first performance of Shakuntala, many known names of the film industry were present at Royal Opera House. In the scene where Rishi Kanva makes an entry on stage he was required to raise his hands for blessing but Vyas was still weak and his hands started shaking. He tried a lot to control them but to no avail. He then remembered that he had seen many old people whose hands and heads would involuntarily shake, so he started to shake his head too. The end result was so effective that during the play’s interval Prithviraj came and hugged him. He asked him how he developed that body language, Vyas told him about his genuine problem. Prithiviraj told him that he did a wonderful job and should continue with the same every time the play was staged.

Vyas had a long association with Prithvi Theatre, from 1944 to 1955. During this period he toured with the group to various cities and got an opportunity to showcase his singing and acting skills in various plays like – Deewar, Pathan, Aahuthi, Gaddar, Kalaakar, etc.

After Vyas joined Prithvi Theatre as a singer, he had to do regular riyaz at home. A music teacher who often heard him sing once asked if he would be willing to give music tuitions. Since his monthly salary was 75 Rupees then, Vyas agreed as this would give him additional income. The teacher took him to meet Jaichand Kapoor and soon Vyas started giving music tuitions to his elder son, Brijmohan. However his younger brother seemed more inclined and started learning music from Vyas . This youngster was none other than our legendary playback singer, Mahendra Kapoor who always acknowledged that B M Vyas was his first Guru.

Vyas had been interested in music since childhood. He is a self-taught singer. In the early 1940s Bharat Vyas called his younger brother to Mumbai. Soon Vyas ji got the opportunity to act and sing as many as twenty songs for the Rajasthani play Ramu Chanana written by Bharat . Music Director Naushad Sahab’s assistant Ghulam Muhammad who hailed from Rajasthan was very impressed when he heard Vyas’s voice in the play. He took him to meet Naushad Sahab who was working on the soundtrack of the film Pehle Aap (1944). Vyas got an opportunity to sing a group song “Hindustan Ke Hum Hain, Hindustan Hamara; Hindu Muslim Dono Ki Aakhon Ka Tara” with established singers G. M. Durrani and Shyam Kumar along with a new singer Mohammed Rafi. Since this song was supposed to be sung by soldiers on screen, Vyas and Rafi Sahab had to wear heavy boots and do a rhythmic march while singing to give an effect of an army troop. Such effects could not be added to a song with the technology available then; it all had to be done in real time. However the first ever song Vyas sang for a film was “Alakh Niranjan, Jai Jai Jai Manaranjan” from Bhartrihari (1944) which was picturized on Arun Ahuja (Govinda’s father).

Vyas gave playback in four films – Bhartrihari (1944, MD: Khemchand Prakash), Pehle Aap (1944, MD: Naushad), Maharana Pratap (1946, MD: Ram Ganguli) and Naulakha Haar (MD: R C Boral) before destiny took him on a different path. He remembers meeting Rafi Sahab years later who sweetly said “Pandit ji you changed our line (singing)” to which Vyas admitted that he did not see much of a future for himself in singing and hence switched to acting.

After Prithvi Theatre’s first play Shakuntala was staged, Devika Rani (owner of Bombay Talkies) was keen to know who played Rishi Kanva. When she saw the 24 yrs old Vyas she was surprised, she never expected to see such a young man. She offered him a role in a Bombay Talkies film to be directed by actor Jairaj but the film was never made.

When Ramesh Saigal moved away from Prithvi Theatre, he joined Chetan Anand’s company India Pictures as Production Manager. They were working on their next film Neecha Nagar (1946) when Ramesh Saigal offered Vyas a small role (protagonist’s elder brother) in the film. Prithvi Theatre never laid any restrictions on their actors; they could take outside work while working in their plays. Vyas was eager to face the camera and accepted the role with open arms. He is credited as ‘Vyas ji’s in this film. Soon he played a small role in Raj Kapoor‘s Aag (1948) where he is credited as ‘Brijmohan’. But the role that gave him recognition in the film industry was in Barsaat (1949) where he played actress Nargis’ father. For this film he is credited as ‘B. M. Vyas’. Thus Vyas ji’s film career took off and he never looked back.

He has had a long and very successful career of more than four decades and has been part of many memorable classics. He has always been a character artist who started his career with portraying old characters. His last film most probably was Maa (1991).Vyas was very keen to work with the great filmmaker V Shantaram and approached him for work. Shantaram was planning Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957) and was busy casting actors to play six prisoners in the film. He did not tell him that he is Bharat’s younger brother who was the lyricist of the film. When Vyas approached him, Shantaram was initially a bit apprehensive due to his height but soon cast him as one of the prisoners, Jalia Nai. They had a month-long schedule in Kolhapur. When the reels were sent to Rajkamal Studios for processing, it was found that due to dirt particles on the lens there were lines all across the frame in all the reels and the whole month’s hard work had gone to waste. They had to reshoot the entire thing. Vyas had a tough time managing schedules due to this re-shoot as he had other films in hand too. My favourite scene of this film is where Jalia comes with an intention to kill the Jailor played by Shantaram himself. That scene showcases Vyas’ ability as a performer, his entire body language, facial expressions, use of eyes and voice in this scene is a class act, beyond words.

About the classic scene from Sampoorna Ramayan (1961) Vyas said when he was offered the role of Ravan he was thrilled, being Shastri in Sanskrit he had read so much about this mythological character. Hence he was really keen to play the part but Ravan is expected to have a powerful physique while Vyas ji had a lean frame. To overcome this hurdle he got cotton padded clothing made for the role to look fuller. The rising temperature due to lights in addition to studio heat, he would sweat profusely in those cotton padded clothes but he did not let it hinder his performance. That innovative scene where Ravan is interacting with his nine heads was a collective brainchild of Babubhai Mistry and Homi Wadia. Vyas had to enact from a fixed position in front of a stationary camera for fifteen days but the end result was very effective.

B M Vyas acted in 175 films. His first film was Neecha Nagar-46 and last film was Oh,Darling ! yeh hai India-95. Vyas ji left for a better world on 11 March, 2013. (Adapted from articles from Maitri Manthan and Blog beete hue din, with thanks.)

This is the second song from the drama Deewar-45. The first was sung by Raj kapoor, but since this was sung by an unexpected actor singer, I thought our Blog must have this song also.


Song- Iss andheri raat mein (B M Vyas NFS)(1945) Singer- B. M. Vyas, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguli

Lyrics

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
????? mera
bhookha hoon main
pyaasa hoon main
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???

—————————-
andar aajaao bhai
nahin baba main andar na aaunga
kyon

main ?? leka padta hai
maalik

yahaan de jaao
nahin to ?? bhook se kaat chuka hoon

—————————–

Iss andheri raat mein
aansuon ki barsaat mein
kaun hai mera
aas dikha jaa ke raaja
???


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5051 Post No. : 16964

A singing Hero is not a novelty for those who are old film lovers, because in the initial era of Talkie films, most actors sang their own songs in the films. Though the Playback singing was introduced in 1935 in Calcutta and in 1937 in Bombay, it took a few more years to become fully prevalent in all films.

When the Talkie films started in 1931, one of the conditions for the newcomers to join as an actor/actress for lead roles, was that he/she should be able to sing properly. Since most actresses came from singing families (read Tawaifs), just a reasonably good face and a figure was good enough as they knew how to sing. But not all males knew how to sing. So, almost all heroes sang their own songs and so you will find songs by actors like W.M.khan, Kashinath,Khaleel,Master Mohammad, Master Nissar, master Shiraz, Ashraf Khan, Govindrao Tembe, Saigal, panchotiya, Shahu Modak, Marutirao pehelwan etc etc in the films from 1931 to 1937. Many times if the Hero is not able to sing, roles for the Music directors were created and he would act and sing songs in the films for his roles. After this, genuine singers like Surendra, Motilal, Ashok kumar started acting and singing and by the end of the 30’s decade playback was firmly established in all films.

However few popular heroes never sang any songs-like Master Vithal, Jairaj, Prithviraj kapoor etc. Amongst these Non-Singer Heroes of the early era, the story of Jairaj is very interesting. Paidi Jairaj or P. Jairaj ( 28-9-1909 to 11-8-2000 ) was a very handsome and well built young man,when he joined films. After doing 11 silent films,he made his first Talkie,’ Shikari” in 1932. It was produced by a Hyderabad company-Eastern Films.He acted in 170 films and had received the Phalke award and Padma Bhushan in 1980.

In the early phase of Talkie films,there used to be,on average 15 to 20 songs in every film. It was compulsory for every Hero and Heroine to sing their own songs live( playback came in 1935 and became common in 38-39 only). To help the non-singer actors,studios used to keep trained classical experts. Otherwise also most MDs in those days were classical singers themselves.

Thus,Jairaj too was expected to sing songs. He did not like singing,because he was horrible at singing. The MD of film Patit pawan-33 was Prof.B.R.Deodhar,who was a classical singer himself.(Later on he settled with running a musical school). he was determined to make Jairaj sing a song. Finally a song was recorded and filmed-“prem magan sakhi”. Jairaj had sung it so bad,that the song was removed from the film from the second show itself. Jairaj is a Hero of those days who never sang in films. Even after playback was used regularly,in his 170 films,Jairaj has sung less than 20 songs on screen !

This was the case of all Genre of films except Stunt films For stunt films, heroes were required to have a Muscular body, ride Horses, fight criminals, Jump from heights, drive Car / Motorcycles, do fencing etc. C. Ramchandra, the famous Music Director , started his film career as an actor and in his first film itself he became the hero of film Naganand-1935. The film was a great flop in its First day First Show itself where only 6 people came to see the film ! He lost the job and started visiting studios to get a job. One day, he was called by JBH Wadia for an interview. CR was very lean. Though good looking, he did noit have good clothes, so he appeared for an interview in Shirt and Pyjama only.

Wadia saw him and asked,” Any experience ?”
CR gave him the Naganand film booklet and said proudly,” I have worked as a Hero”.
Wadia did not even touch the booklet and asked,” Can you ride a Horse ?’
” No”
” Can you fight with 10 goons ?”
” No”
” Can you jump from 20 feet ?”
” No”
” Then what sort of a Hero you were. Get out .” The interview ended. Wadia was famous for making Stunt films. Same CR became a popular composer and a successful singer later on !

I am telling all this to emphasize that actor-singers were first a necessity and later an utility, till playback took over. Today’s song is a song sung by Raj kapoor (14.12.1924 to 2.6.1988), when he was just 21 year old budding actor in his father’s Drama Company.

Prithvi Theatre was founded in 1942, by Prithviraj Kapoor, as a travelling troupe with 150 members, which staged productions across India. Its maiden performance was Kalidasa’s classic “Shakuntala”. In subsequent years the theatre staged more than 2,600 plays such as “Deewar” (Wall), “Pathan” (a community comprising Hindus and Muslims of North India), “Ghaddar” (Traitor), “Aahuthi” (Offering), “Kalaakar” (Artist), “Paisa” (Money) and “Kisaan” (Farmer). Prithviraj starred as the lead actor in every show. His work in the Indian film industry funded the activities of the company .

Prithviraj Kapoor’s dream was to have a permanent place for his theatre company. In 1962 he managed to lease a plot of land in Juhu on which to create a theatre space. Unfortunately his ill-health and subsequent death in 1972 delayed his dream turning into reality. The year he died the lease on the land expired and was offered on sale to his family. Shashi Kapoor and his wife Jennifer decided to make Prithviraj’s dream a reality by buying the land, and setting up the ‘Shri Prithviraj Kapoor Memorial Trust & Research Foundation’ in his memory with the intention of building a space to promote Hindi theatre and the performing arts.

Prithvi Theatre was inaugurated on 5 November 1978 in Mumbai. “Udhwastha Dharmashala”, written by G P Deshpande, staged by Naseeruddin Shah, Om Puri and Benjamin Gilani was Prithvi’s first play. This was followed by a play by the Indian People’s Theatre Association (IPTA), a political satire, “Bakri”, directed by actor-director M. S. Sathyu.

Music had a dominating influence on Raj Kapoor. As Prithviraj’ s son, he had an opportunity to come close to K L Saigal and the master composer Rai Chand Boral, when Prithviraj worked in New Theatres.. Even while in Bombay, Saigal was his neighbour at College Street in Matunga.

His ambition to be a filmmaker did not allow Raj Kapoor to pursue his passion for music, though he did learn its rudiments from Pt Jagannath Prasad who was closely associated with Khemchand Prakash and K L Saigal and also taught music to Premnath, Mukesh and the members of the Kapoor clan.While visualising a song situation Raj Kapoor showed remarkable judgement in selecting the right tunes. He never hesitated to adapt tunes (such as ‘Is libe dis, I love you’ and ‘Dost dost na raha’, both in ‘Sangam’) which had appealed to him, without worrying about the sources from where they came.

If Raj Kapoor had not been a filmmaker he would have been an excellent composer and a good singer as well. He proved his ability as a singer early in his career, when he sang ‘Hum babu naye nirale hain'(Music: Ram Ganguli/N 2666 1) in Prithvi Theaters’ stage-play ‘ ‘Deevar ‘. He displayed an admirable sense of rhythm and melody in the song. With a little more effort he could have been a successful singer.
He also sang in ‘Chitod Vijay’ (1947/S D Burman)’Jail Yatra’ (1947, Ninu Majumdar),’Dil Ki Rani'(1947/S D Burman),Neel Kamal'(1947/B Vasudeo) and ‘Gopinath'(1 948/Ninu Maiumdar/record not released).Eventually Raj preferred the sonorous voice of Mukesh from ‘Aag'(‘Zinda hoon is tarah ki ghame’/ 1948) to ‘ Mera Naam Joker’ (‘Jane kahan gaye woh din’/1970).

Raj Kapoor used to do all sorts of work in Prithvi Theatres. He acted in few dramas and even sang a song in the drama Deewar in 1945. The song became very popular and HMV took out a Gramophone record of the song. The song was written by Saraswati Kumar Deepak, who generally wrote all dialogues and songs of Prithvi dramas. For a long time this record was not available on YouTube. Last week, a kind soul, a generous Record Collector Syed Zafar Shah posted this song on RMIM and YT. When I complained to him that the song had too much disturbance, he very kindly sent me a cleaned and improved song on my personal Whatsapp account. He also uploaded it on YT. I sincerely thank Zafar Bhai for his generous posting of this and many other rare songs on YT for the music lovers. May God bless him. May his tribe increase !

Raj Kapoor understood music and was deeply involved in his film’s music. After Shankar-Jaikishan , Laxmikant Pyarelal pair came to him, but his interference was not acceptable to them and so they too parted. Raj Kapoor wanted not only a good composer but one who will listen to him and tolerate his interference in the music selection. With Ravindra Jain, it was accomplished. Anyway that is besides the point.

The song is very good and firmly establishes Raj Kapoor as one who understood music and as a good singer !
(I have used some information from Nalin Shah’s article on Raj Kapoor’s Music, in July 1988 issue of ” Playback and Fast Forward” issue, wiki, C Ramchandra’s Marathi autobiography and my notes)


Song- Hum baabu naye niraale hain (Raj Kapoor NFS)(1945) Singer- Raj Kapoor, Lyricist- Saraswati Kumar Deepak, MD- Ram Ganguly

Lyrics

hahahaahha
hahahahaa
wawawa
wawawa
wawawa

sun re
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
ab rang naye
ab dhang naye
ab ye sansaar naya apna
aa aa aa
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

ghar ke saare rang jo badle
ghar ke saare rang jo badle
apne bheetar dhang jo badle
hey ae
ab mahal naya ab gali nayi
ab badal gayi poshaak(?) dekh lo
badal gayi poshaak
?? ke jagah ab pyaale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
Darling
How sweet
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum gitpit bolne waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae
ae ae ae ae ae ae ae ae
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale

maalik badlaa aa aa aa
maalik badlaa
naukar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
maalik badlaa
nakar badlaa
badal gaya gharbaar
jo meri wo Lakshmi badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hey jo meri wo jorua badle
to jaanoon sarkaar
ke ham bhi kismat waale hain
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
hum baabu naye niraale hain
baabu naye niraale
sun re ae ae


This article is written by Mahesh Mamadapur, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4913 Post No. : 16733

There have been two excellent reviews of 83 film which was released recently on 24 December 2021. As such there is not much to add to the review per se. But then the event itself is engraved in golden moments and letters in the annals of sporting history of our country. Well, there always was hockey in which we ruled the roost in those days. People had little doubts in their minds on the continued dominance of West Indies which had already won the first as well as the second world cup in 1975 and 79 respectively. Dark horses India created history by upsetting West Indies in the finals by successfully defending a modest score of 183 runs, a record which stands tall to this day.

Apart from songs and films, railways and cricket (of bygone era) remain amongst the favourite topics on the blog. So, when Avinash ji posted his euphoric post on having watched the film 83 first day first show, there was lot of buzz on our WhatsApp group and its was rather decided that whosoever watches the film should make attempts to write a post on the experiences of not only the film or the event but their own expectations, memories etc.

Well, I am here with my post and would request whatapp group members to ignore reading the next one-line para for obvious reasons and the cliché for which I have become rather infamous. 🙂

I was all but 9 in 1983, having born in Feb’74.

Thus, I knew about India having won the 1983-world cup only a few years later. [Sachin Tendulkar at 10 in the movie is seen dancing in the streets (on someone’s shoulders)]. As such, this post of mine could be some sort of damp squib for keen readers. To add to the misery of writing this post, I am not an avid follower of cricket or for that matter any sport. But, whenever India plays, I always follow up with keen interest. For the said reasons, I am yet to see a full IPL match and can say with enough conviction that I will never ever watch such a match. Further, I have almost completely stopped watching television and my TV table is now occupied by various indoor plants, a new hoppy which I have recently cultivated. Above the TV, creepers such as money plants and broken heart are scaling up the wall to reach the slab. 🙂

However, I have been following follow-up stories of 1983 world cup with all interests. I could completely understand what Kapil Dev’s unbeaten innings of 175 meant for the team, tournament and our country as a whole. With the advent of internet, I have visited web sites pertaining to cricket world cup several times and tried the understand the circumstances under which India went on to upset the two-time defending champions. A perfect example of dark horses turning out to be derby winners. A day after the match, London Times, a British newspaper apparently had the headline “Kapil’s men turn world upside down” on its front page.

With whatever little I have watched on cricket, Kris Srikkanth has been one of my favourite cricketers. In my opinion, he remains one of the few players who played mainly for the crowds. He successfully faced some of the most lethal fast bowlers of different teams.

I remember reading an article in India Today magazine wherein there was a beautiful article entirely dedicated to him. I had been searching for this article published in March 1987 all these years and with renewed interest, I happened to get hold of it in the magazines’ s archives articles. I would recommend readers to spare time to read the article. There have been many a great Indian cricket player over the years. But, the style, controlled aggression, antics on field etc, no one can match the peerless Kris Srikkanth.

Ball racing to the boundary like a bullet was the hallmark of his batting. For every ball that he faced it was always the viewers and not Kris Srikkanth who were afraid that the ball would end up disturbing the furniture behind. He long walks away from the crease towards square-leg umpire, frequent twisting of his nose, closing of his eyes in a flutter, the cursory glance at the skies as if he was reporting to someone after each ball, the meticulous and fast curling of the bat, his legs positioned wide apart on the crease while batting etc. will remain etched in active memories of avid lovers of the game.

Coming back to 1983, but remaining with Kris Srikkanth and his batting style, I am always happy of the fact that with a regal 38 he was the highest scorer of the finals in spite of a few towering batsmen on the opposite camp. Viv Richards scored 33 and that was the second highest individual score in the final.

With all such fond memories, the viewing of the film was for me like travelling back in a time machine. My wife along with my daughter studying II PU are now placed at D.K. Friday 24, the release date of the film, they ended up at U.K. on an unexpected, unplanned and a totally unscheduled visit. My wife has played this pleasant prank on me a couple of times and so even though it was quite surprising, it took just a nano second for me to realise that, yes, they were here for a visit.

On Saturday, 25 Dec, my daughter started this slow and silent campaign that we ought to watch a movie in the only (non-ac) theatre in this town. I do not even bother to follow up which movie plays as I do not go to theatres often. But in this case and to my inner delight it was 83 of all the films that was being screened on that day. And seeing that my daughter was killing time brooding and surfing net for tickets, story etc. I decided that the movie had to be watched anyhow. And so, I saw the film along with my daughter.

Watching films in movie theatres with my wife needs a special mention here. I was placed in Mumbai when I got married in 2003. (Yes, in 3 years, I will be slaying the seven-year itch for the third consecutive time)  🙂

Instead of watching some junk Hindi or Hollywood movie, I thought I would begin my married-life-film-watching-experiences-with-spouse by watching a scientific documentary in the newly opened world’s largest IMAX dome theatre at Bhakti Park, Wadala. My Monorail site was hardly half a km away from the theatre though my residence was far away.

I later realised that my excitement of watching a documentary in a dome theatre was wholly a one-way traffic. Having a keen interest in astronomy, I got rivetted to the documentary show on stars, planets and galaxies. Being a dome theatre, the seats were obviously push back as well as quite reclining on which my wife comfortably dozed off for the entire show. On completion of the show of which I was totally absorbed in, I asked my wife if she had enjoyed the show. She had a brutal reply that she had dozed off from the word go. I realised that we both were travelling in the vastness of space while the documentary was being screened. The only difference was that I had my eyes wide open.  🙂

Thus, being the experience (there were a few more), my wife decided to stay put at home for some house-hold chores and I accompanied my daughter for the 83 show.
The description of the movie has been amply presented in the two posts posted and will be elaborated more when others write in. And so, I will have limited non-chronological bullet-wise observations on the film.

• The film aptly starts with the now legendary catch taken by Kapil Dev dismissing a batsman who could have easily denied India the Cup. Viv Richards. As the ball tends to safely fall into the hands of Kapil Dev, the titles begin, and the movie starts.

• Ranveer Singh has gotten into the skin of the character he plays that of captain Kapil Dev himself. Many a times, his dialogue delivery is simply impeccable. Hats off to him for his efforts in portraying the role with such similarity.

• Kris Srikkanth remains what he has been to the team during their hey days and during the various film promos and stories told on TV earlier too, a complete entertainer.

• The film has tried to keep the aura of those days alive by displaying the runs scored, nature of batsman getting out etc. I only wish, they had more such displays and retained them for a bit longer time than shown in the movie.

• The mood of the nation, prior, during and after the tournament has been captured well.

• The unbeaten knock of 175 by Kapil Dev against Zimbabwe in a do or die match as well as that of the tournament should have been covered in more detail especially since the actual recording and telecast never happened.

• The rotating of the antenna by Indian public with TV sets for better reception brought back fond memories.  🙂

• The premonition of players and other officials remaining still in their positions in the pavilion when the batsman was in good flow is to be seen to be believed and appreciated.

• Kapil Dev pep talk in the dressing room should have been more elaborate and frequent even if they were in Hindi. It has been shown as if he hardly spoke which I feel could not have been the case.

• Kapil Dev’s encouragement talk to his players during the innings break that West Indies team have to still make the “paltry” 183 runs and we will not allow them to achieve it easily is quite emotional and superb.

• PR Man Singh, the Indian manager who accompanied the team to the tournament has been played quite well by Pankaj Tripathi of Mirzapur TV series fame. Given the time space he occupies in the film, Pankaj Tripathi had done full justice to the role. I understand he went to stay with the real Man Singh for a few days in Hyderabad to prepare himself for the role. Much appreciated.

• Wamiqa Gabbi plays Madan Lal’s wife. Why am I mentioning this? I really donno.  🙂  So, (Don’t) keep guessing.

The detailed wiki page of the film has a soundtrack length of about 54 minutes. For obvious reasons, there is no playback as far as songs are concerned. For many in this blog self included the names of present lyricists, singers, composers etc. are all Greek and Latin. Our Avinash ji offered me to send lyrics of any song that I could pick up in the film. That indeed would have made my task a lot easier and I thank him for the outreach.

However, surfing the net whilst writing the post, I came across a very apt song for the occasion. On 17 August 1983 Lata Mangeshkar apparently performed live in a concert in Delhi to facilitate and also raise funds for the winning team on their spectacular victory in the Cricket World Cup tournament.

Joining her in chorus were Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar and even members of the team including the captain himself. The song for the special occasion was written by renowned lyricist Indeewar and the tune composed by Hridaynath Mangeshkar. It gives me immense pleasure to bring forth this special song to the readers of the blog.

I would also like to reproduce a snap taken during the Cup award ceremony with Indians occupying the entire ground at Lord’s. It amply showcased the euphoric mood of our nation on winning the world cup in 1983.

Lastly, I would like to end the post with my strong conviction that it’s never too late to honour Kapil Dev with the Bharat Ratna for what he has achieved for our country.
Jai Hind.

Concert song sung on 17 August 1983.


Song-Bharat vishv Vijeta apna Bharat vishv vijeta (Patriotic NFS)(1983) Singers-Lata, Nitin Mukesh, Suresh Wadkar, Lyrics-Indeewar, MD-Hridaynath Mangeshkar

Lyrics

Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
har ek disha mein vijay miley hamen
iska bal hai deta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta

ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
ek taraf Bharat ke khilaadi
ek taraf thha saara jahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
jahaan ekta wahaan safalta
jahaan manobal vijay wahaan
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
khele apne khilaadi yoon
thha kaun jo takkar leta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
khel ki duniya mein Bharat ne
likha hai itihaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
jeet sada kaayam rakhne ko
jaga hai vishwaas naya
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
yahi haathh laye hain vijay ye
yahi to Bhaagy praneta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
Bharat Vishv vijeta apna
Bharat Vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta
sang hai vishv vijeta apna
sang hai vishv vijeta

vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram
vande maatram, vande maatram, vande maatram

————————-
Devnagri script lyrics
————————-

भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता,
हरेक दिशा में विजय मिले हमें,
इसका बल है देता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |

एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ,
एक तरफ भारत के खिलाडी,
एक तरफ था सारा जहाँ |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
जहां एकता, वहां सफलता,
जहां मनोबल, विजय वहां |
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
खेले अपने खिलाडी यूं,
था कौन जो टक्कर लेता?
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना,
भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता,
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना,
संग है विश्व विजेता |

खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
खेल की दुनिया में भारत ने लिखा है इतिहास नया,
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
जीत सदा कायम रखने को जगा है विश्वास नया |
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता,
यही हाथ लाए है विजय ये, यही तो भाग्य प्रणेता |
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता,
भारत विश्व विजेता अपना, भारत विश्व विजेता |
संग है विश्व विजेता अपना, संग है विश्व विजेता,

वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |
वंदे मातरम, वंदे मातरम. वंदे मातरम |


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4833 Post No. : 16615

Today I am presenting a Non-Film song by Master Ashraf Khan. Some of you may remember Ashraf Khan, who sang songs in the films Roti-42 and Baaghbaan-38. We all know him mainly as a film actor, who finally became a Sufi Saint, but his contribution to the Gujarati theatre was substantial. Most of us know many things about Cinema, but very little about Theatre and stage dramas.

Prior to films becoming a source of entertainment for the common man, it was the stage drama which diligently and sincerely gave pure and musical entertainment to the commoners. The rich of course could afford private singing jalsas with famous singers and Tawayafs. Stage dramas were popular mainly in Bengal, Maharashtra and Gujarat, since the early to middle 19th Century. It started a bit late, on a regular scale, in South India, at the beginning of the 20th Century or so.Despite modern means of entertainment like TV and Films, stage dramas are still popular in Maharashtra and Gujarat. These two states have a glorious history and tradition of producing classical singers, many of them through the stage dramas.

Master Ashraf Khan was very popular and famous on the Gujarati stage. He was known as the ” Saigal of Gujarat”. Singing of Gazals in stage dramas started with Ashraf Khan, it is believed. Stage dramas are usually called ” Parsi-Urdu,” ” Parsi-Hindi”, ” Parsi-Gujarati”, because the Parsi community was prominent in this medium. Parsis came from Iran (Persia) into North Konkan, and Gujarat and they merged with the Indian People. All generations of Parsis spoke Hindi and Gujarati (with a typical, recognisable tone) and prospered in various trades and fields of Business.

The Gujarati stage was full of artistes from Saurashtra, North Gujarat and Bombay. They belonged to different castes. Jaishankar Bhojak (Sundari), Amrit Kershav Nayak, Vadilal Nayak, Master Shaani, Master Vikram etc were from Bhojak Nayak caste. From the Meer caste came Himmat Meer, Kasam Meer, Lallubhai Meer etc. -all singer actors. Parsis like Sorabji katrak, Sorabji kerawala, Faredoon irani and some Muslims like Ashraf Khan, Alladdin, Ghulam Sabir, Master Fida hussai, Master nissar, Kumar etc. were some members of this community.

Starting from 1871, these drama companies toured Bombay Presidency, Saurashtra, Calcutta and Bengal and upto Rangoon in Brahmadesh (Burma). Unlike Marathi stage the Parsi and Bangla dramas got women doing female roles sooner than in Maharashtra. Some actresses were, Miss Mary fanten, Miss Fitna, Mehtab, gafooran, Gauhar, Deenabai Mistri etc. In the modern dramas of the 1960 to 1980’s even Saraswati Devi (Vidya Bajpai) and Sandhya(Vijaya Deshmukh) acted on Gujarati stage.

However, in the initial years i.e. from 1890 to 1930, there were actors doing female roles. Anand ji ‘Kabootar’, Vikram, Fakir, Himmat meer and Jaishankar Bhojak were major actors famous in female roles. Jaishankar was popular and did female roles in dramas like Vikram Charitra, Barrister, Vasant Prabha and Saubhagya Sundari. His role as ” Sundari” in drama “Saubhagya Sundari” was so popular that later on his name was changed to Jaishankar “Sundari”. He worked till 1961. In his honour, a Drama Theatre in Ahmedabad is named as Jaishankar Sundari Theatre ! What an honour. He was friendly with Marathi stage actor Bal Gandharva and they both used to see each others’ dramas, without fail.

Orphaned very early, Master Ashraf was brought up by one Baburao, his father’s friend. He was a born singer. His mother tongue was Urdu/Pashto, but he mastered Gujarati so well that people considered him to be a Gujarati actor. Master Himmat meer brought him to the Theatre in 1894. He did only male roles and sang also. many dramas like Prithviraj, Arab ka Sitara, Samudragupta, Sansar Sagar, Ek Abla etc, as its Hero. He did about 3000 shows of his drama ‘ Malavpati”, as it became very popular. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India and after that he acted in the same drama once again in 1961, though old. He also worked in Hindi films upto 1941 His Heroines were Zebunnisa, Mehtab, Sardar Akhtar, Iqbal Begum (mother of Meena Kumari). From 1950 onwards he tilted towards Sufism and finally became a Saint.

ASHRAF KHAN was an actor and singer in many films in the 40s. He left films ……..and became……..believe it or not…..a SUFI SAINT !

I had first written about him somewhere 9 years ago…in 2012 or so. Here is his information again, but in a different format with some more information collected later on. My friend shri kamlakar Pasupuleti ji had done a lot of research on this actor. It was from his Blog and his book that I learnt more details about Ashraf Khan.

Ashraf Khan shot to limelight with the film Baghban – 1938 . He played the role of a mendicant and rendered three lovely songs composed by Music Director Mushtaq Husain . Ro ro nain gavanvun ,sajanwa aan milo was the most popular song among the three songs he rendered. The movie was a great hit and all the nine songs in the movie were popular. The movie was directed by AR Kardar. The lyrics were penned by the comedian Mirza Musharraf. He was paid Rs 90 / – for the nine songs he wrote for the movie. It is important to know how he progressed in his life and attained the spiritual powers with which he helped millions of people across the globe .

Ashraf Khan was born in Indore on 22-10-1901. He lost his father at a young age of seven. The burden of taking care of his widowed mother and a young sister fell on his shoulder . Indore was a famous city for wrestling and the wrestling competitions were held for all ages including children. He took up wrestling as a profession for some time . He later became a Shepherd boy and guarded the sheep .

He had a good voice and used to sing while taking the sheep in and out of the city. One evening while returning home from the outskirts he started singing loudly. A Gujarati’s drama company was stationed in a nearby bungalow. The owner of the drama company heard his song and he was called inside. The owner asked the boy if he was willing to work for the drama company. The boy replied Yes. There upon the owner asked him if he can play the role of a girl. The boy daringly replied No, will play the role of a boy . The owner was impressed and he got into the Gujarati drama company.

He started playing small roles and as he grew up was given the role of a hero . His salary increased gradually and by the time he was playing hero roles he was paid Rs 600 / per month. He used to give away his entire earnings to his mother. His mother used to give him four annas a day as his allowance as he had the habit of eating Paan( betel leaf ), but Ashraf Khan used to return back the four annas to his mother in the evening.

Ashraf Khan’s mother tongue was Urdu and Pushtu but he learnt to speak Gujarati with ease and he rendered his dialogues fluently. He gave record breaking performances in Malopati Manjh ( Prithvi Vallabh ). He played the role of a hero Prithvi Vallabh in three thousand shows. Prithvi Raj Chauhan was another stage performance in which he played the hero role of Prithviraj Chauhanbin two thousand shows. Ashraf Khan’s heroine on the Gujarati stage was Sandhya. Ashraf Khan was associated with the Gujarati stage even after joining the films .

With the advent of talkie he moved over to Bombay in 1931. His first film was Shakuntala-31 ( made in Bombay.There was another film Shakuntala made the same year in Calcutta by Madon Theatres) With his experience on stage he was hired for three movies Bhartruhari, Gul-e-Bakavali and Veer Kunal. He played the role of a hero initially and later in life played character roles. He acted in more than a dozen movies. Mehboob Khan portrayed him as a mad professor in his famous film Roti – 1942. It was during the filming of Roti that he came in contact with Peer-o-Murshid ( Spiritual Guide) Ghulam Sarvar. Ghulam Sarvar belonged to Lahore and was employed in railways as a guard. He had many followers in Bombay. Ashraf Khan’s devotion towards his spiritual guide was so great that whenever he visited Bombay he used to carry his luggage on his head and escort him home .

Large crowds used to gather to meet Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar in the 1940’s and among the film personalities the notable were A R Kardar, Mehboob Khan, Yaqub, Prithviraj Kapoor , Trilok Kapoor, Sardar Akhtar, Akhtari Faizabadi, Jaddan Bai etc etc to name a few. Akhtari Faizabadi and Jaddan Bai used to sing devotional songs during the assembly .

Taking care of the visitors footwear was the first duty assigned to him by his Peer and Ashraf Khan never thought it was a menial job He knew that the peer is shedding his ego by assigning such tasks. Peer-o-Murshid Ghulam Sarvar was so pleased with his devotion that he handed over his Gaddi ( seat ) to Ashraf Khan. Ashraf Khan became a Peer .

His association with the Gujarati stage lasted till his end. In 1962 after his last stage show at Dhoraji in Gujarat he returned to the Dargah where he was stationed with his family . It was the ninth day of the Gyarhvi Sharif ( the eleventh month of Islamic calendar ). He lay down on his bed and spoke few words to his wife and fell unconscious, but his lips started moving as if he was narrating verses from Ayat Sharif. This situation continued the whole of that night and the next day. His wife , family members and devotees remained at his bedside reading verses from Ayat Sherief He opened his eyes in the evening. His devotees asked him how he was and he replied that wherever he is, he is doing well .

He was brought to the hospital at Rajkot in this condition. Ashraf Khan passed away at eleven PM on the eleventh day of the Gyarhvi Sharif, the eleventh month of Islamic calendar. His mortal remains were brought for funeral to the residence of Dr Malik who was a friend and a devotee. His devotees were chanting holy verses from Ayat Sharif and Darood Sharif . Around 4 O’ clock in the morning he opened his eyes once again, looked all around him with a smile and closed his eyes. This was a surprising moment for all those who were present around him. A dead man opening his eyes and smiling was something strange. The crowd shouted Hazrat is alive, Hazrat is alive, call the doctor. There are several people alive today who witnessed this strange incident. Dr Malik examined him and pronounced him dead. He was buried at Ganj Shahda which is located on the Ahmedabad – Delhi highway . The Urs is celebrated every year and lakhs of devotees all across the globe visit his Mazaar ( Tomb ).

Among the film personalities who used to attend the Urs were Mehboob Khan, Sardar Akhtar, Zaibunissa, Mehtab, Begum Akhtar, Prithviraj Kapoor and Trilok Kapoor etc .

There are hundreds of families in Hyderabad whose vows were fulfilled by the spiritual powers of Hazrat Ashraf Khan. Each family has a different story to narrate. Many sickly people got cured, many got rid of financial troubles, rivals became friends, and many women became mothers after best efforts by doctors failed .

Amirbai Karnataki rendered a couple of devotional songs in his praise. Some disc collectors of Hyderabad had them in their collection .

Ashraf Khan acted in 31 films in all. Some of his films were- Aaiye 1949, Phool 1945, Roti 1942, Baghban 1938, Ajamil 1934, Roop Basant 1933, Malati Madhav 1933, Husn Ka Gulam 1933, Veer Kunal 1932, Gul-e-Bakavali 1932, Bhartruhari 1932. He sang 59 songs in 14 films. Some of the songs rendered by Ashraf Khan were in movies …..Baghban 1938, Baaghi 1939, Aazaadi-E-Vatan 1940, Roti 1942, Pagli Duniya 1944 and Naiya-1947. His last film was Arab ka sitara-1961.

Noted Record Historian, Dr. Suresh Chandvankar also wrote about Ashraf Khan in his book in Marathi ” पूर्वसूरींचे सूर “. He says that after the death of his parents, Ashraf khan was looked after by his father’s Hindu friend Baburao. He learnt Gujarati so well that people thought that he was a Gujarati. He entered the Gujarati stage. Due to his good singing, in later periods he was called Saigal of Gujarat. In 1960, he was felicitated by the President of India. In Bombay he had a bungalow in Girgaon. From 1950 onwards, he inclined towards Sufism, while still working on stage and films.

After his death, his Darga is set up at Dana Limdi, on the Bombay-Gujarat highway, where every year Urs is held and lakhs of visitors come. (Based on information from article by P.Kamalakar ji, book -पूर्वसूरींचे सूर by Dr. Suresh Chandvankar, Gujarati Rangbhumi by K.N.Parekh, HFGK, muVyz and my notes. Thanks to all.)

Six songs of Ashraf Khan are discussed on this Blog. All are film songs. This is perhaps his first Non Film Song to feature here.


Song- Khudi mitaaye na jab tak Khuda nahin milta (Ashraf Khan NFS)(1940) Singer- Master Ashraf Khan Lyricist- Unknown MD- Unknown

Lyrics

Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta
Khudi mitaaye na jab tak
Khuda nahin milta aa
aa aa

?? mein shaakh mein ae ae ae ae
aa aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa aa
?? mein shaakh mein
gul mein usi ka jalwa hai ae
ke uspe kehte hain
hamko khuda nahin milta aa aa aa
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein
ae ae ae ae
kiya na uska tasawwur
na dhyaan hai dil mein ae
kisi ko raasta chaltey
Khuda nahin milta aa aa
(??)jabaan dil se alag rakkho
tu tu mai mai se ae ae ae
jahaan hai ??
Khuda nahin milta aa aa

kisi ka dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
kisi ko dost na paaya
jahaan mein ae makhmoor
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
Khuda to mil bhi sake
aashna nahin miltaa
?? gair kahin
?? to kya nahin milta
aa aa aa


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This is the 1400th post by Sudhir.

Blog Day :

4693 Post No. : 16378

 

The Many Colors of Love #31 – Love Divine
– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

And so wrote the scribe

खाक को बुत, और बुत को देवता करता है
इन्तहा ये है के बंदे को खुदा करता है इश्क़

Khaak Ko But, Aur But Ko Devta Karta Hai
Inteha Ye Hai Ke Bande Ko Khuda Karta Hai Ishq

Such a profound statement with a hugely significant implication – words are written by Sahir. Whether you read them in the flow of the entire set of lyrics, or just these two phrases, the import of these words cannot be diminished. And a more grand effect is achieved in rendition. Roshan Sb has put this to a melody that one cannot pulls oneself away from the flow, as line after line is being rendered by Rafi Sb. And finally, the effect of the rendition itself, as the continuous flow of singing gains momentum, the crescendo is rising, and Rafi Sb takes these two line progressively higher from octave to octave – to the most important message in this entire qawwali – “बंदे को खुदा करता है इश्क़ ” – “That Love Elevates Man to the Degrees of God”. This phrase is the ultimate climax – in all aspects – the rising crescendo of the music, the heightening pitch of the singer’s voice, the increasingly fervent clapping of the accompaniment singers, and the magnificent declaration about Love and God – all converging on the heights wherefrom one cannot go any further. For the message delivered is the ultimate statement to be made in this creation, in this existence – that Love Elevates.

All faiths, all beliefs, all creeds – have one thing in common. They all acknowledge something superior, a higher power that be – because none can otherwise explain the existence of these universes and the presence of the self on this planet. It is Voltaire who has said – “If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent Him”. Yes, there is so much that we do not understand and so much that cannot be explained by the intellect, that finally even the non-believers cannot extract themselves out of the argument to explain existence.

Where is the story of creation? Every creed has its own, and in every such story there is a higher power that be, which is acknowledged as the authority responsible. The Humans being a visibly cognizant entity (चेतन) in this creation which is so manifestly non-cognizant (जड़) – this question indeed arises in the curious awareness of the self – why am I here? And the answer given by every system of belief is a variation of – “Man Must Return to His Maker”.
I remember another famous qawwali –

रस्ते अलग अलग हैं ठिकाना तो एक है
मंज़िल हरेक शख्स को पाना तो एक है

Raste Alag Alag Hain Thikaana To Ek Hai
Manzil Har Ek Shakhs Ko Paana To Ek Hai

“That paths may be many, yet the destination is the same.”
“And to the Divine must we return”

Theological systems have a life and existence of their own. Most people will follow one or the other that already exists. Once in a while, in a millennium, will come a person or a thought that will bring forth a new theology. Over the ages and across the history of mankind, one after another, newer and different belief systems have appeared, and each has its own existence, its own history, its thoughts, teachers and following.

And then, there is love. No, not as simply as it is just said. An emotional enigma, an anonymous obscurity, supposedly an inscrutable element that forms a significant constituent of what this larger conundrum of ‘creation’ is. An element yes, the basic, most primeval foundational piece. Tagore, in all his wisdom, was moved to write thus – “Love is an enduring mystery because it has nothing else to explain it“.

We can write and express it in a multitude ways, and indeed that has been done across the history. And yet, it remains universally undefined, and there always is yet another expression that attempts to. Through the history of mankind, this attempt has been made many millions of times. And as many millions of times poets, philosophers, lovers, thinkers, believers, and yes, the disbelievers too, have talked about it. And yet, in every age, in every culture, in every generation, every individual mind still continues to ask this question. The same minds continue to discover new definitions and new flavors. Adam and Eve wondered about it, as they looked upon the tree of the forbidden fruit. Brahma, the creator of the universe, was so enamored by his own creation of the feminine form, that he forsook his lotus seat as the creator God, and ran after Her. Lord Shiva was so captivated with the Mohini incarnation of Lord Vishnu, that he too left his abode in Kailash, and in pursuit of that vision. The renowned Sufi poet, Rumi thus wrote “Love is the astrolabe of God’s mysteries”.

Some say God is Love. Some others say Love is the link from Man to God. Yet others say Man who has realized Love, has realized God. Philosophers have written that Love is the basis of this Creation. Others have surmised that Love is the sustenance of this Creation. Another thought is that Love is the path to God. Such a multitude of concepts, ideologies and aesthetics thinkers have thought about and postulated. Some others say Love is an axiom. In the process of philosophical or logical differentiation, an axiom is a self evident truth that stands by itself. It cannot be further simplified or partitioned, or be established from more basic and elemental concepts. An axiom always just is. I recall the cover page of one of the most popular worldwide English editions of the Bible. The cover page simply says “The Greatest Is Love”. No other words, not even the word ‘Bible’ is printed on the cover page. It simply says “The Greatest Is Love“, and that’s it.

This is surely an axiom. A summary outcome of years and aeons of distillation of the human thought that has examined the emotions and expressions to bare bones, and then from the remnants of all that is stirred in the crucibles of the collective human psyche comes this extraction so short, so sweet and so sublime. And from this emerge some very stunning implications, the most significant of them being that Love is greater than God. And suddenly one has to pause, pull the brakes on this whirling carousel of thoughts and expressions and stare in wonder and amazement at this startling conclusion – “The Greatest Is Love, Even Greater Than God Himself”.

There is this play of Love that permeates every thought, every event, every concept, and everything that populates this universe at the physical as well as the non physical and the metaphysical levels of existence. The cycles of existence of the universe – the cause, the sustenance and the eventual assimilation – each one of these is an act of love. The cause of creation occurs when the alone Supreme Soul has a desire to share. That sharing is an expression of Love. The sustenance of the universe is the desire to maintain and keep well the creation – once again it is an act of Love. And the eventual assimilation – no, not the destruction, but more a dissolution of this game of universe, and the assimilation of all the souls back into the primal super soul. Once again, an act of love – an embrace that outweighs any level of proximity – the ultimate sharing of love. The ultimate conversation of love is the tête-à-tête of the souls – as they say, Soulmates. In our bhakti discourses, it is the ‘आत्म निवेदनम्’ (‘atma nivedanam’), the ultimate propinquity of love, the highest stage of meeting of the souls.

Love and God – the ultimate triumphs of realization in this mystery of existence, the magnum opus of individual endeavor and accomplishments. After propounding all the values of human existence, and teaching about all the good and bad in life, every faith, every religion finally talks about Love, about Love and God, about Love Divine, about the Divinity of Love.

This Divine Love is expressed and manifest in countless episodes that are scattered across the length and breadth of the scriptures of our Sanatan Dharm. In the Varaha Avatar – manifestation of Vishnu in the form of a tusked Boar, Vishnu battles with Hiranyaksh and vanquishes him. Then he dives into the waters of the Cosmic Ocean, into which Hiranyaksh had hidden Bhoodevi (Goddess Earth). He picks Her up on his tusks, and brings her out of the waters of the netherworld. In this episode there are brief shlokas wherein Vishnu in the form of Varaha tells Bhoodevi – “My Dear, it has been such a long time that you have cuddled as such in my arms, and I have carried you”.

During the episode of Sagar Manthan, Goddess Lakshmi appears as one of the outcomes of the churning of the Cosmic Ocean. There is an argument as to who would she belong to. Short of a battle, good sense prevails and all agree that Lakshmi should herself select her consort. And Lakshmi puts the flower garland on Vishnu.

In this same episode, Vishnu also appears as Mohini, the incarnation as a beautiful woman. And Shiva who is also present, is so enamored by Her beauty that He immediately has a charming attraction for Her and pursues Her. This affiliation recurs many more times as different episodes are narrated in different books.

When Vishnu appears in the avatar of Narsimhadev, and vanquishes Hiranyakashipu, His demeanor is so frightful, and He is so angry even as the inanimate body of Hiranyakashipu is lying in his lap, that none of the Gods and Sages present have the courage to approach Him. Not even Sage Narad who has the liberty to approach Vishnu whenever and wherever. Not even Goddess Lakshmi, His wife. Then Brahma and Narad request the child Prahlad to approach Narsimhadev. With his childlike innocence, Prahlad presents himself to the infuriated and ferocious half lion manifestation. And lo, in a moment, the anger of Narsimhadev evaporates and is immediately replaced by effusive love for his Bhakt.

Episodes and encounters of love are numerously present in the narration of Vishnu’s avatars as Ram and Krishna. The beauty of Ram is so divine that numerous Sages and village belles express their desire to serve Him as His wife. He declines, for in this avatar as Ram, He has a vow to be the husband of just one, and that is Seeta. But then He gives a boon to all such seekers that in his future incarnation as Krishna, He would accept their desires and betroth them. Therein lies the reason behind the Sixteen Thousand One Hundred and Eight wives of Krishna, as well as the occurrence of the phenomenal and Divine Raas Leela.

In the pageantry of the Sanatan Dharm theology, two entities are identified as beyond creation. They are Shiva and Vishnu. These are the only two for whom no stories of origin can be found, no details of parentage have ever been documented. In every episode, in every tale, the description of their physical appearance is always the same. There is no ageing across time. There is no dissolution at the time of Pralaya or Maha Pralaya. On the occasion of Maha Pralaya even Brahma completes his existence of 100 years (Brahma years, vastly different from the concept of earth years) and dissolves back, awaiting the next cycle of creation.

Vishnu and Shiva exist beyond the time and space, beyond the nothing and anything of this created universe. Their abodes are beyond time and they remain even when everything else disappears at the end of creation. It is nearly impossible for the human mind to even imagine what would be beyond the infinity of time and space as we comprehend it. In a manner of speaking, They represent the two basic forces, the two fundamental concepts that are the source of everything of any kind of nature that is, was, or will be, but They Themselves are apart from this creation. It is interesting to note that this concept of two basic forces pervades many other civilizations and many other theologies. The philosophies of further east have this representation as Yin and Yang, the two fundamental forces that are the basis of all creation. The Buddhist philosophy has the concept of Purush and Prakriti, and that everything else exists or is created through the interactions of these two. Even the scientists pursuing research on the theories of Modern Physics are making efforts towards what they call as the Grand Unified Theory of Physics, in which they propose that there exist only two basic forces in this physical universe and everything else in this visible measurable universe can be computed and extracted from the interplay of the equations of these two basic forces.

The scriptures of Sanatan Dharm abound with narrations of many flavors which describe the interplay between these two fundamental identities, and everything else that comes from them. There are narrations where Parvati, the Consort of Lord Shiva is represented as an incarnation of Vishnu. Then we have other narration where Radha ji is represented as an incarnation of Shiva.

The Ardhnaarishvar manifestation of Shiva, in which the left side of His being transforms into the female form, and He is blessed with being male and female form together in one presence. As per the narrations, Shiva got so smitten with the beauty of Mohini swaroop of Vishnu, that he continuously meditated on that beautiful form. As a result He earned the boon from Vishnu that Mohini would co-exist in the same physical body with Him. That is how the Ardhnaarishvar manifestation of Shiva came about.

Narrations abound in our scriptures of the purity of relationships of Love between Radha and Krishna, between Seeta and Ram, between Parvati and Shiva. However, in the most basic terms, it is all the interplay of the two basic forces of Vishnu and Shiva. And now I will touch upon one more aspect of Divine Love – the Love of Gopis of Vrindavan for the Child Krishna.

I have mentioned little earlier in this article, about the rationale behind the episode of Raas Lila during the appearance of Krishna on this earth, about the boon many learned Sages and women folk of villages received from Ram, when they approached Him with their desires to serve Him as His wives. Close to the end of Dwaapar Yug, when Krishna appeared on this land, these blessed souls all incarnated in Brij as Gopis, the milkmaids. The propensity of their earlier attraction to Ram, transformed in this life into an attachment of devotion to Child Krishna.

There are numerous narrations from many scriptures about the pastimes of Krishna in Gokul, Nandgaon and Vrindavan. Many of these episodes, including the Divine Raas Leela, are played out as interactions between Gopis and Child Krishna. The tales are endless. About Gopis craving for a view of Krishna, His pranks to trouble them as they go about their daily chores, about stealing butter and curd from their homes, about breaking the earthen pots (matkis) containing milk and butter, about the Gopis making Krishna dance just for getting some buttermilk and curd from them, even getting His face embellished with bits of cow dung to get more butter from them, and many many more.

There is a very interesting thread that weaves through all these episodes and pastimes, all the way up to the Raas Leela. And that thread is the flute that Krishna always carries with him, no matter what. This flute, made from a small stick of bamboo, is inseparable from Krishna. It is his eternal partner during the manifestation of all his pastimes while in Brij.

Krishna’s flute playing is remarkably Divine. At will, He can call for all the cows, or all the peacocks, or all the monkeys, or all his playmates and friends. And yes, when He plays the flute for that purpose, it is also to call all the Gopis. The ones so beckoned, are mesmerized by the music of the flute and as if a piece of iron is pulled by a magnet, so will the called ones respond to the call of the flute and in a trance just come to Him.

Gopis are attracted by His flute playing. Their attachment and their affectionate loyalty to Child Krishna is such that they would immediately give up whatever it is that they are doing, answer this call of devotion and converge wherever Krishna is. But when the music is over and the spell dissipates, they are also upset and annoyed that He has such power over them, that He will call them over whenever. There are small episodes of narration of such quarrels between Gopis and Krishna, and also complaints by Gopis to Yashoda.

Taking this narration further, we are also told that the Gopis are also cross with the flute itself. Just a small piece of bamboo and it has such a mesmerizing power over them. They even complain to the flute itself. Sometimes they slyly steal the flute and hide it. Then the little Kanhaiya is distraught, and he pleads with the Gopis to return it. There are some very beautiful bhajans and descriptions that depict this back and forth exchange between Kanha and the Gopis. And then, another step, the Gopis will go to Nand Baba’s home and lodge complaints with Yashoda. This exchange to is covered in many bhajans and episodes that are cute and heartening.

So what or Who is this flute? Some readers may know. Yes, as per narration given in some scriptures, this flute is none other than an incarnation of Shiva Himself. All I can say is that these matters are of the Divine, and are beyond our logic and comprehension. They need to be read and heard in wonder, and then to savor the multitude of sentimental flavors that are enmeshed in all this Grand Design. The more that we think and say about it, the more there remains to be thought and said about it.

The bhajan being introduced today is bringing up yet another flavor of the scores of sentiments that make up this wondrous pageantry. Gopis are even envious of the flute. And they begrudge it, that it always remains close to Kanha, and He so lovingly takes care of it, and He carries it everywhere with Him, even when He is asleep, it is with Him, and then He touches it by His lips, and creates the magic that disturbs their peace and comfort. After all the jealous complaints, they eventually end up praising the fortune of the flute. And they ask of it in wonder – Oh so what all penance and self-flagellation has it gone through, to be rewarded such a position of eminence, with the One that they all adore and covet.  And the words are

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया, तूने कौन कौन तप किन्हो री

Ae Ri Baans Ki Baansuria, Tu Ne Kaun Kaun Tap Kino Ri

Translations

bansi
bansi naam hai, kaahu dhareo sareer
taan taan ki dor su, khinchat hai mann mein

ari kshama kar muraliyaa, padi hain tere paayen
aur sukhi sun hot hain, maha dukhi hum hain

O Eminent Flute
Your name is ‘bansi
O why did you have to exist
With the power of the tones that emanate from you
The insides of our heart are pulled and wrenched

O please, please forgive us,
We fall at your feet in reverence
Others who may listen, may get pleasure from this music
But us. . . ?
Your sound makes us so unhappy and disturbed

 

tu hai brij ki muraliyaa
hum hain brij ki naar
teen lok mein gaayi’e
bansi aur brij naar

O Eminent Flute of Brij
You are the One who is so dear to Him
And we are the simple milkmaids of Brij
May these stories be sung in the three worlds
The tales of the flute and the milkmaids

There is a small personal incident associated with this bhajan that I would like to share. A senior patriarch (not in this world now) in the extended family was a very spiritual and learned person and I have had the good fortune of sitting and listening from him one on one, many times. Once I took this bhajan with me to play it for him. He had never heard this one before. As the play reached the second stanza and the words came “bansi aur brij naar “, he uttered the words “Jai Ho” three times, and I looked at him and his eyes were streaming. A little later I asked him about it, and he replied – “Bansi Aur Brij Naar – there is nothing higher than this in Krishna Bhakti”.

This is a non film bhajan that was recorded way back in 1961. That is all the information that I have been able to gather. No names are listed for the songwriter and the composer of this bhajan. The 78 rpm record is Columbia label GE 39008.

I have heard this song from the days of radio listening while still at school. But now this bhajan seems to have been forgotten by the radio waves. I tried searching for this on line and was really amazed to locate pages where netizens are waiting for this song to be located and uploaded.

A very rare song now, uploaded today. Listen to this baritone sound of CH Atma’s voice from sixty years ago.

[Author’s Note: This series – ‘The Many Colors of Love’ got initiated 20th May, 2013, eight years and 4 days ago. It continued on through 2013, 14 and 15, and 29 episodes were published, the 29th coming online on 9th March, 2015. And then there was complete silence on this topic. Six years – that is too long a gap by any standards. There was a rare blip in 2019 when the 30th episode of this series got published on 20th March, 2019. However, that post, although very much within the theme of this series, came about more towards getting the songs of film ‘Bobby’ completed and getting that film Yippeee’d. And then again, another long silence.

Readers and friends have probably come to the conclusion that the series was more or less complete. But the truth is far from that. In the sequence in which I had laid out the ‘Colors of Love’, after having done the 29th episode, the next topic I come to on the list is ‘Love Divine’. Telling you all the truth, it is this topic that tied up my grey cells in a bind and dried up the juices of creativity. Whenever I used to think to start writing this episode, my mind would just sputter and stop working, not knowing where to make a start. The article that you are reading today is probably the 4th revamped and revised version that I have attempted over the years. And another truth from the heart, I am still not fully satisfied with what I have written. There are many branch avenues that I wanted to explore and write about, but all are not coming together at once. And of course, the length of the article itself has become somewhat daunting.

The series still has three or four more songs to go, more like closing remarks on the ‘Colors of Love’. But yes, this post is the one that has taken the most energy. In a way I am glad that I am finally ahead of this milestone. But as I said before, getting this version of this episode completed still leaves me with a discontentment – that there is more to it. Well, maybe some other posts and other songs that may help fill the gaps within my mind, in the days to come.

So yes, we move forward, and hopefully conclude soon the list of flavors that I had originally planned.]

 

Song – Ae Ri Baans Ki Baansuriya (NFS – CH Atma) (1961) Singer – CH Atma, Lyrics – [Unattributed], MD – [Unattributed]

Lyrics

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

bansi
bansi naam hai
kaahu dhareo sareer
taan taan ki dor su
khinchat hai mann mein
ari kshama kar muraliyaa
padi hain tere paayen
aur sukhi sun hot hain
maha dukhi hum hain
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

tu hai brij ki muraliyaa
hum hain brij ki naar
teen lok mein gaayi’e
bansi aur brij naar
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

ae ri baans ki bansuriyaa

tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri
tu ne kaun kaun tap kino ri

——————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
——————————————

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
अए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

बंसी
बंसी नाम है
काहू धरेयो सरीर
तान तान की डोर सूं
खींचत है मन में
अरी क्षमा कर मुरलिया
पड़ी हैं तेरे पाएँ
और सुखी सुन होत हैं
महा दुखी हम हा॰॰एं
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

तू है ब्रिज की मुरलिया
हम हैं ब्रिज की नार
तीन लोक में गाइए
बंसी और ब्रिज नार
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री

ए री बांस की बांसुरिया
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री
तूने कौन कौन तप किनो री


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4305 Post No. : 15576

Imagine, a tall and lanky young man from India, trained to be a wrestler, and a state level sportsman from Bengal, appearing in the Indian contingent at the Olympics in 1936 / 1940 / 1944. Unfortunately (or maybe fortunately) the Olympics of 1940 and 1944 were cancelled due to the ongoing World War II. Had there been peace in the world during those years, maybe the course of history of the Hindi film music may have been different.

Well OK, the previous paragraph is quite speculative. But yes, the fact is that in his younger years, PC Dey was much more inclined towards body building and wrestling. Trained by one Gorobabu, a pehalwan of repute in Bengal, he represented his institution, Vidyasagar College of Calcutta (now Kolkata) at the state level championships and reached the finals in his category. Never mind that his uncle, the renowned KC Dey, would continue to press him to take his music training more seriously. But that was not to be so. Well, for some time at least.

The young Prabodh Chandra developed weakness in his eyesight, which became a handicap in continuing his proposed career as a wrestler. Getting into the wrestling ring with eyeglasses was never a good option. And so, this vision problem coupled with the second World War eventually decided the career path for this young man. And that, to the greater gain and benefit for the music lovers of this country.

Remembering Manna Dey, the stalwart singer of Indian film industry, on the 101st anniversary of his birth today. Born in 1919, we celebrate it today in 2020.

His uncle, KC Dey would goad him, guide him and train him with a vision to for Manna Da to become one of the top singers in the country. In 1942, KC Dey was preparing music for the film ‘Tamanna’. He called upon his nephew to sing a duet with Suraiya – “Jaago Aayee Usha. . .”. With this song, the film career of Manna Dey was launched.

A little time later, Vijay Bhatt and Shankar Rao Vyas approached KC Dey to request him for playback singing in their upcoming film – ‘Ram Rajya’ (1943). Understandably, KC Dey declined the offer, since he would never give playback to any other actor. Providence would have it that the young Manna was also in the room at that time. Vijay Bhatt then directed his attention to the nephew singer. The consent was given and the agreement was in place. Manna Dey would sing for Shankar Rao Vyas in this upcoming film. The song “Tyagmayi Tu Gayi. . .” is the first solo song recorded by Manna Da.

More recordings followed. And then we come to 1950, and the film ‘Mashaal’. The song is “Upar Gagan Vishal“. Manna Dey, and his voice have arrived on to the Hindi film stage.

But then, yes, there is more to his voice than just the film songs. There is a wonderful set of non-film songs that he has recorded during his career. I bring to attention this endearingly beautiful piece, that is written by Madhukar Rajasthani. The music composition is by Manna Da himself. A wondrous song of the first tryst between the lovers. So less words, so short and sweet. And yet, the entire saga of that encounter is ensconced in this brief song of two antaraas. A small pearl from the nose pin of the damsel, gets loose and is lost. And the poet says,

kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re. . .

Beautiful, simply delightful – that is the softness of this singing voice. Manna Dey – at 101.


Song – Sajni. . . Nathli Se Toota Moti Re (Manna Dey – NFS) (1982) Singer – Manna Dey, Lyrics – Madhukar Rajasthani, MD – Manna Dey

Lyrics

sajni..ee

sajni..ee

nathli se toota moti re
nathli se toota moti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re
sajni..ee
nathli se toota moti re

roop ki agiya
ang mein laagi
ang mein laagi
kaise chhupaa..aaye
laaj abhaagi
laaj abhaagi
manwa. . .
kehta. . .
bhor kabhi na hoti re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re

bholi dulhaniya
palken jhukaaye
palken jhukaaye
ghunghatwa mein
sehme lajaaye
sehme lajaaye
balmaa..aa
padhaaye
preet ki pehli pothi re
kajraari akhiyaan
reh gayin roti re
nathli se toota moti re

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

सजनी॰॰ई

सजनी॰॰ई

नथली से टूटा मोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे
सजनी॰॰ई
नथली से टूटा मोती रे

रूप की अगिया
अंग में लागि
अंग में लागि
कैसे छुपा॰॰आए
लाज अभागी
लाज अभागी
मनवा॰ ॰ ॰
कहता॰ ॰ ॰
भोर कभी ना होती रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे

भोली दुलहनीया
पलकें झुकाये
पलकें झुकाये
घूंघटवा में॰ ॰ ॰
सहमे लजाये
सहमे लजाये
बलमा॰॰आ
पढ़ाये
प्रीत की पहली पोथी रे
कजरारी अखियाँ
रह गईं रोती रे
नथली से टूटा मोती रे


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4296 Post No. : 15551

sone ko ham kalandar
aate hain bori bandar. . .

Yes, one of the very well known landmarks of Bombay (now Mumbai). And a very historic landmark at that. A lot has changed over the decades, but let us talk about the origins first.

As I searched for the meaning of the word Bori Bunder, I came across the following definition – a storage house for sacks; translating ‘bori’ as the sack made from jute thread, and ‘bunder’ identified as a variation of ‘bhandaar’ i.e. a storage house. This latter meaning is incorrect in my opinion. Some people who want to populate the Wikipedia and write with a modern mindset, probably are not aware that there are things called dictionaries for Hindi also. A quick check shows that ‘bunder’ (बंदर) is short form of ‘bundergaah’ (बन्दरगाह) which means a seaport, where ships come and stay for some time.

So anyways, coming back to the original thread. The claim for fame for Bori Bunder is that it is the first railway station built in India, and from where the first passenger train service was started on 16th April, 1853. This last Thursday, 16th April, the country celebrated the 167th anniversary or let us say, birthday of the Indian Railways as an organization. This post has been in the making good part of the past week. And so belated wishes to all, and especially to our fearless leader. 🙂

Yes, a lot has changed since that fateful date in 1853. The original Bori Bunder station was rebuilt in a much larger format. The construction started in 1878 by a railway company founded in London – Great Indian Peninsula Railway and it took 9 years for the work to complete on this magnificent Gothic style buiding. In 1888 It was inaugurated as, to honor the milestone of 50 years of the reign of Queent Victoria, the then monarch of England. The initials VT (for Victoria Terminus) are still in widespread use in the local parlance in Bombay. Then, more than a century later, in 1996, the then current state government in Maharashtra renamed this iconic heritage site as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, in the honor of the valiant Maratha leader and king Chhatrapati Shivaji, who established the Maratha Empire.

Ah but, I digress again. Let’s get back to the original thread. April 16th. The year is 1853. The first war of Independence (1857) is still four years hence. Time is 3.30 pm in the afternoon. A train waits on the Bori Bunder station – the boiler all steamed up, the smoke from the coal fires in the heart of the rising from the chimney of the locomotive, a band all ready to pom-pom, and a row of 21 cannons all set for the firing salute. The bands start to play. The 21 gun salute is initiated. There is a hurrah – approx 400 passengers on the train and an equal or more number on the platform. At 3.35, the crankshaft starts to chug, the train starts to move slowly, and picking up speed, slithers out of the station, all 14 carriages of it. The destination – a small town named Tanna, a distance of 21 miles north east from Bori Bunder. The train left at a fair clip of about 20 miles per hour, and completed the journey in just about one hour plus. And the history was recorded – that the first rail service in India, which carried passengers. Certainly a very significant red letter day in the history of India.

As I said, lot has changed. So has Tanna – it is now called Thane.

So, I did mention ‘passenger rail service’. Yes, the train tracks have been around in India since as early as 1835. Prior to the 1853 trip, all the train projects in India were related to haulage of construction material, timber and goods etc. Many of these earlier rail services were not even driven by locomotives, but in some places by horses, and even men. I garnered and edited the below summary from www.irfca.org which is the official website of the Indian Railways Fan Club – Ah yes we do have a fan club for railways – it was news to me too. 🙂

1832 First proposal for a railway in India, in Madras. This remained a dream on paper.
1835-1836 A short experimental railway line is constructed at Chintadripet, near Madras, which later became the Red Hill Railroad.
1837 The first operational railway in India – the Red Hill Railroad near Madras, used for transporting granite stone.
1838 Likely date of first locomotive built in India – an Avery design rotary engine built for the Red Hill Railroad.
1840s Various proposals for railways in India, especially around Calcutta (EIR) and Bombay (GIPR).
1844 R MacDonald Stephenson’s “Report upon the Practicability and Advantages of the Introduction of Railways into British India” is published.
1845 A railway is in operation near Rajahmundry for conveying construction material and stone for irrigation works and a dam across the Godavari.
Survey work carried out for Bombay-Kalyan line and an extension up the Malay Ghat for proposed connections to Khandwa and Pune.
May 8: Madras Railway Company is formed.
East India Railway company is formed.
1849 Great Indian Peninsular Railway incorporated by an Act of Parliament.
1851 Locomotive Thomason is used for construction work in Roorkee, beginning on December 22. Construction begins of an “experimental” section of track (Howrah-Rajmahal) for the proposed Calcutta-Delhi link via Mirzapur (EIR).
1852 Construction of a line out of Bombay begins, and a locomotive, Falkland, begins shunting operations on February 23. The line is ready by November, and on the 18th of November, a trial run of the Bombay-Thane trip (35 km) is held. (Some accounts suggest another locomotive, Vulcan might have also been used for shunting operations here.)
The Madras Guaranteed Railway Company is formed.
1853 On April 16th, at 3:35pm, the first train in India leaves Bombay for Thane (see above for details). Initial scheduled services consist of two trains each way between Bombay and Thane and later Bombay and Mahim via Dadar.
Madras Railway incorporated; work begins on Madras-Arcot line.
1854 On August 15th, the first passenger train in the eastern section is operated, from Howrah to Hoogly (24 miles). The section is soon extended to Pundooah. Howrah station at the time is simply a tin shed with a small booking office, and a single narrow platform.
By May, GIPR Bombay-Thane line is extended to Kalyan and is a double tracked line; inaugurated by Lord Elphinstone. Dapoorie viaduct is completed.
GIPR opens its first workshops at Byculla.
Stations are classified into 4 groups on some railways, according to traffic and the proportion of European and Indian passengers.
1855 BB&CI Railway incorporated, and begins work on a Surat-Baroda line.
Thane-Kalyan line extended to Vasind on the north-east.
February 3: EIR’s “experimental” track for a Calcutta-Delhi route now consists of a Howrah to Raneegunje (Raniganj, collieries near Asansol) section of 121 miles.
August: EIR 21 and 22 (‘Express’ and ‘Fairy Queen’) begin work. The Fairy Queen is still working!
HMS Goodwin carrying railway carriages for East Indian Railway Co. sinks. Another ship carrying a locomotive is mis-routed to Australia.
1856 Royapuram – Wallajah Road line constructed by the Madras Railway Company
Jul 1: The first train service in the south begins, from Royapuram / Veyasarapady (Madras) to Wallajah Road (Arcot) (approx. 100km) by the Madras Railway Company.
A combined Loco, Carriage and Wagon Workshop is set up by the Madras Guaranteed Rly. (later part of the MSMR) at Perambur, near Madras, later to become the Carriage and Wagon Workshops of SR (and the Loco Workshops at Perambur).
Sind (later Sind, Punjab and Delhi) Railway is formed, a guaranteed railway.
GIPR line extended to Khopoli via Palasdhari on the south-east. Regular services are now run from Mumbai to Vasind and from Mumbai to Khopoli. Stations opened at Dadar, Kurla, Titwala, Badlapur, and Neral.
1858 Eastern Bengal Railway and the Great Southern of India formed (guaranteed railways).
June 14: Khandala-Pune section of GIPR open to traffic. The 21km gap over the Bhore ghat (Karjat – Khandala) is crossed by palanquin, horses, or on foot. In some cases the passenger cars were also carried over each way.
1859 On March 3rd, the first train in the north was operated, from Allahabad to Kanpur (180km).
BBCI Railway obtains permission to extend its lines southwards from Surat, and opens its Grant Road terminus for its proposed line from Surat.
Eastern Bengal Railway begins construction on Calcutta-Kushtia line (175km).
Calcutta and South-Eastern Railway formed, with 5% guarantee from the government.
1860 Bhusawal station set up by GIPR.
Vasind-Asangaon line opened.
1861-65 Several (about a dozen) railway companies are incorporated.
Various early experiments with providing passenger amenities such as toilets, lights, etc. These naturally tended to be introduced first in the First Class carriages and only later in the lower classes of accommodation.
Sind and Punjab Railway is engaged in construction of a northward line from Karachi, a Lahore-Multan line, and a Lahore-Delhi line.
Kanpur-Etawah section opened.
1861 Madras Railway’s trunk route from Madras extended to Beypur / Kadalundi (near Calicut). Work begins on a north-western branch out of Arakkonam.
Great Southern Railway of India completes 125km BG line between Nagapatnam and Trichinopoly. (Some sources suggest the line was till Tanjore, and extended to Trichinopoly by March 1862.)
Churchgate station opened by BBCI Railway as its new terminus for Bombay.
January 1: GIPR’s Kasara line opens (extended from Asangaon).
May 13: Karachi-Kotri section of the Scinde Rly. opens to public traffic, the first section in the region that would later become Pakistan.
1862 Feb. 8: Jamalpur Loco Works established.
Khanderao, the Gaekwar of Baroda, opens 8 miles of an NG railway line from Dabhoi towards Miyagam. Oxen were used as the motive power!
EIR’s Delhi-Calcutta route progresses as far as the west bank of the Yamuna, via Mughalsarai. Sahibganj Loop.
Sealdah station commissioned.
Bhore ghat incline constructed, connecting Palasdhari to Khandala.
November: EBR’s Calcutta-Kushtia line open for traffic.
Calcutta and South-Eastern Railway’s 45km line from Calcutta to Port Canning is constructed.
Amritsar-Attari section completed on the route to Lahore.
The Indian Branch Railway Co. formed to construct short branches and feeder lines in northern India, with a 20-year subsidy but no guarantee.
The Indian Tramway Co. is formed for building short lines around Madras, also with a 20-year subsidy. This suffered losses later, was reorganized to become the Carnatic Railway and finally was taken over by the South Indian Railway.
Two-tier seating is introduced in Third Class (on EIR, GIPR, etc.) as a measure to alleviate overcrowding. A typical coach carries 50 passengers on the lower seats, and 70 on the upper level, nearly doubling the capacity of the already overcrowded third-class coaches. These were the first double-decker coaches to be used in India, and perhaps in the world (?).
Madras Railway extends its lines to Renigunta.
GSIR’s Nagapatnam – Trichinopoly line opened to traffic.
1863 May 14: GIPR line from Bombay across the Bhore Ghat to Pune constructed.
BB&CI Railway completes Surat-Baroda-Ahmedabad line.
EIR completes Arrah bridge over the Sone.
Port Canning – Mutlah line opened by the Calcutta & South-Eastern R Railway.
Nalhati – Azimganj 4′ gauge line built by the Indian Branch Railway Co.
First luxury carriage in India is built for the Governor of Bombay.
1864 August 1: First train into Delhi. Through trains run between Delhi and Calcutta; coaches are ferried on boats across the river at Allahabad.
Bombay-Surat line completed by BB&CI Railway.
Jolarpettai – Bangalore Cantt. branch added by Madras Railway; Bangalore Mail begins running.
First proposals for (horse-drawn) trams in Bombay.
1865 Sind and Punjab Railway’s Multan-Lahore-Amritsar line is completed. Works begins on line from Delhi to Amritsar.
BB&CI completes Bombay-Ahmedabad rail link.
Yamuna bridge at Allahabad opened, allowing EIR trains to cross over without using ferries.
Arakkonam-Conjeevaram 3’6″ line built by the Indian Tramways Co.
Kasara line extended to Igatpuri over the Thull (Thall) ghat.
GIPR timetables show ‘local trains’ separately for the first time. These are in the sections to Mahim and Kalyan.
Alambagh Workshops set up by the Oudh and Rohilkhand Rly. (formerly the Indian Branch Rly. Co.).
Howrah station gets a second platform.
1866 Railway Branch formed in Central Public Works Department.
Delhi and Calcutta are linked directly by rail as the completion of the Yamuna bridge (road and rail) in Delhi allows the trains to reach what later became Delhi Junction. The 1 Dn / 2 Up Mail begins running — this is the predecessor of the Howrah – Kalka Mail.
Bhusawal-Khandwa section opened.
W. Newman & Co. begins publishing the “Newman’s Indian Bradshaw” for train timetables in India.
Indian Branch Rly. Co. begins construction of Lucknow-Kanpur light MG line.
1867 Virar – Bombay Backbay suburban service commences (BB&CI); one train in each direction each day.
Some Indian locos are sent overseas for the Abyssinian expedition.
GIPR branch line extended to Nagpur; Bhusawal-Badnera section opened.
EIR branch line extends from Allahabad to Jubbulpore (Jabalpur).
Lucknow-Kanpur line opened by the Indian Branch Railway Co.
1868 Madras Railway extends its network (with a new terminus at Royapuram) to Salem, and also finishes the Jolarpettai – Bangalore Cantonment branch.
November: Sind, Punjab, and Delhi Railway’s line towards Amritsar from Delhi (Ghaziabad) is open for traffic up to Ambala.
Calcutta and South-Eastern Railway, having suffered extensive losses on their Sealdah-Canning line because of floods and other problems, decide to transfer the line to the government in return for capital costs, becoming the first railway to be taken over by the state.
GSIR’s line reaches Erode, connecting to the Madras State Rly.
Charbagh workshops set up by the Oudh and Rohilkhand Rly
1869 GIPR locals extended from Mahim to Bandra.
Jan. 25: Runaway train on the Bhore Ghat derails and crashes after failing to be stopped by a catch siding, and is made (in)famous by pictures in the Illustrated London News.
Total trackage in India is about 4000 miles.

Whew, and this is just the highlights from the first three decades of railway establishment activity in the country. Covering the entire history just in highlights will take probably 8 to 10 such posts. I will pause here and present some current statistics. By the way, after the partition, GIPR was reorganized and packaged as the Central Railway of the Indian Railways.

Currently, the Indian Railway system is the fourth largest in the world today, with over 68,000 km of route coverage, with running track length of 87,040 kms. The total trackage including yards, sidings etc. stands at 113,993 kms. It is the largest single employer in the country with over thirteen lac employees. In terms of passenger volumes, I had read in an article some years back, that at any given point in time, 1% of our country’s population is riding in trains. That, my friends, is a massive number. By that measure, I am sure the Indian Railway system is the largest in the world.

The most important highlight for the members of this blog is that this blog manages the Mechanical Workshop of North East Railways, in Gorakhpur. 🙂 🙂

Coming to the song presented with this post. A brief background. The idea about this song was shared with me, during my search for the song “Khud Jiyo Auron Ko Bhi Jeene Do” which had been requested by Nahm ji. In course of my search, as I was checking the Films Division sources, another input that I got was that there are two songs which were also produced by Films Division, relating to Indian Railways. And possibly these songs are also in the voice of Rafi Sb. I checked with other friends in my circle, especially the Rafi Sb specialists. They confirmed that they have heard about these two songs but the songs themselves have not been traced so far. Later, when Ahsaan Bhai (of Hapur) passed on to me the song that Nahm ji had requested, he confirmed that Films Division does list two documentaries about Indian Railways which possibly could contain these two songs. But the documentaries themselves are not available.

I then turned to my friends in the Railways itself. Of course, Atul ji is the first person I sent request to help trace these documentaries. And the next person I talked with is Shri KL Pandey ji, the retired additional member of Rail Board. Readers and friends would be more familiar with him as the person behind the monumental work he has done to identify the classical raag basis of Hindi film songs. To date, he has cataloged more than 18 thousand Hindi film songs with complete raag analysis. He referred to his network inside the rail ministry, and then quickly sent me the link to the web site of the Indian Railways Fan Club. This fan club has unearthed the original Films Division documentaries, and has published them on its web site.

About this song. It turns out to be in the voice of Mahendra Kapoor and not Rafi Sb. The songwriter and the music director is Prem Dhawan. It is a long song, almost 9 minutes in duration. I could not ascertain the date on this documentary. The Films Division archives page says the database is not available. My guess is that this documentary would have been made sometimes uin 1974-75 time frame.

The shutdown of the complete rail services is in progress currently, in step with the nationwide lockdown on account of the COVID-19 infection spread. Some parts of media have highlighted this as the first ever time that the railways have been shut down totally. However, this is not a true statement. Some parts of media have also recalled the one solitary occasion in the past, when a similar total shutdown had occurred.

In May of 1974, there was a total strike called by the coordination committee of all the trade unions of railway employees. The strike was led by the late George Fernandes, a senior leader of the Socialist party. That strike had lasted for 20 days from 8th to 27th May of 1974, that was the first and the biggest disruption of countrywide services of the railways. Never before, under any emergent circumstances had the complete railway system been shut down. I have memories of those hot days of the summer of 1974, when the rail service across the country had been shut down, and that was the major topic of discussion at home and in the newspapers. This documentary was most probably created just after this strike, so I guess it must have been in 1974 or 1975 at the latest.

A big salute to the entire Indian Railways – the lifeline of our country. That theme is highlighted in this song. The visuals are from more than four decades ago. But the intent and the message of this song remains unchanged. A rare and marathon song, Mahendra Kapoor at his typical best. Enjoy.


Song – Ye Hai Wo Gaadi, Desh Ki Gaadi (Mahendra Kapoor NFS) (1970s) Singer – Mahendra Kapoor, Lyrics – Prem Dhawan, MD – Prem Dhawan

Lyrics

ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai
chhota bada ho
koi bhi kaisa
sabke kaam ye aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

ek hain wo jo desh ki khaatir
chaand pe pahunche jaate hain
aur doosre hum hain
bani cheezon ko aag lagaate hain
ye kaun hain desh drohi jo
iska satyanaash karen
aap bhi hain
aur aap bhi hain
aap bhi hain
aur aap bhi hain
mere bhaaiyo yaad rahe
har samay ye saath nibhaati hai
roz marra ki cheezon ko
yahaan wahaan pahunchaati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

jab dushman hamla karta hai
jab dushman hamla karta hai
to desh pe vipda aati hai
yehi wo gaadi veeron ko
seema par le jaati hai
jab zakhmi bhai hotey hain
to unke kaam ye aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

ye paapi dekho kaise hain
jo jeevan hatya karte hain
ye paapi dekho kaise hain
jo jeevan hatya karte hain
inhin ki kaali kartooton se
laakhon bhai marte hain
marne waale chale gaye
par vipda in par aati hai
marne waale chale gaye
par vipda in par aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

laakhon log jo is ke zariye
apna pet bhi bharte hain
raat aur din ki mazdoori se
beewi bachche palte hain
in ki sewa sachchi hai
jo desh ki sewa karte hain
injan gaadi line ho dabba
laakhon rupaiye lagte hain
in par kharcha karne waale
aap bhi hain
aur aap bhi hain
aap bhi hain
aur aap bhi hain
aap ke khoon pasine se
jab desh ki unnati hoti hai
desh ki unnati honay se
khushali desh mein aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

ye bhi dekho maa ke laal
jo desh ka haath bataate hain
ye bhi dekho maa ke laal
jo desh ka haath bataate hain
apna khoon bhi dene mein
ye kabhi nahin ghabraate hain
in ki sewa sachchi hai
jo desh ke kaam mein aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

kaam bhi kar lo
naam bhi kar lo
duniya se kya le jaana hai
khaali haath hi aaye the
aur khaali . . .
[. . .]
. . . waahe guru
aur eesa sabka saathi hai

ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai
chhota bada ho
koi bhi kaisa
sabke kaam ye aati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai
uttar dakshin
poorab pashchim
sabko saath milaati hai
uttar dakshin
poorab pashchim
sabko saath milaati hai
ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi
sabka saath nibhaati hai

ye hai wo gaadi
desh ki gaadi

ye hai wo gaadi. . .

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है
छोटा बड़ा हो
कोई भी कैसा
सबके काम ये आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

एक हैं वो जो देश की खातिर
चाँद पे पहुंचे जाते हैं
और दूसरे हम हैं
बनी चीजों को आग लगाते हैं
ये कौन हैं देश द्रोही जो
इसका सत्यानाश करें
आप भी हैं
और आप भी हैं
आप भी हैं
और आप भी हैं
मेरे भाइयो याद रहे
हर समय ये साथ निभाती है
रोज़मर्रा की चीजों को
यहाँ वहाँ पहुंचाती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

जब दुश्मन हमला करता है
जब दुश्मन हमला करता है
तो देश पे विपदा आती है
यही वो गाड़ी वीरों को
सीमा पर ले जाती है
जब ज़ख्मी भाई होते हैं
तो उनके काम ये आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

ये पापी देखो कैसे हैं
जो जीवन हत्या करते हैं
ये पापी देखो कैसे हैं
जो जीवन हत्या करते हैं
इन्हीं की काली करतूतों से
लाखों भाई मरते हैं
मरने वाले चले गए
पर विपदा इन पर आती है
मरने वाले चले गए
पर विपदा इन पर आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

लाखों लोग जो इसके ज़रिये
अपना पेट भी भरते हैं
रात और दिन की मज़दूरी से
बीवी बच्चे पलते हैं
इनकी सेवा सच्ची है
जो देश की सेवा करते हैं
इंजन गाड़ी लाइन हो डब्बा
लाखों रूपइए लगते हैं
इन पर खर्चा करने वाले
आप भी हैं
और आप भी हैं
आप भी हैं
और आप भी हैं
आप के खून पसीने से
जब देश की उन्नति होती है
देश की उन्नति होने से
खुशहाली देश में आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

ये भी देखो माँ के लाल
जो देश का हाथ बटाते हैं
ये भी देखो माँ के लाल
जो देश का हाथ बटाते हैं
अपना खून भी देने में
ये कभी नहीं घबराते हैं
इनकी सेवा सच्ची है
जो देश के काम में आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

काम भी कर लो
नाम भी कर लो
दुनिया से क्या ले जाना है
खाली हाथ आए थे
और खाली ॰ ॰ ॰
[॰॰॰]
॰ ॰ ॰ वाहे गुरु
और ईसा सबका साथी है

ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है
छोटा बड़ा हो
कोई भी कैसा
सबके काम ये आती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है
उत्तर दक्षिण
पूरब पश्चिम
सबको साथी मिलाती है
ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी
सबका साथ निभाती है

ये है वो गाड़ी
देश की गाड़ी

ये है वो गाड़ी॰ ॰ ॰

 


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over FOURTEEN years. This blog has over 17200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 5000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2022) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

17246

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1338
Total Number of movies covered=4642

Total visits so far

  • 15,555,098 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,969 other subscribers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 5000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: