Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Ashkon pe hua khatm mere gham ka fasaana

Posted on: August 17, 2014

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

” Loss of one person is the gain of another” I am reminded of this famous quotation, whenever I think of Partition and the subsequent exchange of Film artistes between India and the newly born nation of Pakistan. While many talented and well established composers, singers and Directors migrated to Pakistan, many producers and experienced film makers returned to India. Thus while the new born Pakistan got a solid help to build their own separate film industry-with ready made artistes from India, the Indian film industry was further strengthened with the arrival of film makers like the Sippys, Chopras, the Shoreys and the Pancholis from Lahore.

Migration to Pakistan by different people was for different reasons. Some wanted to go back to their roots, from where they had come in search of careers, fame and work; some had their families across the border. However, there was a single sizable group of artistes who wanted to be a part of the new Nation building. They wanted to contribute their might in building a new film industry there. One such great composer was Master Ghulam Haider.

Master Ghulam Haider did go to Pakistan in late 1949, but unfortunately, due to Cancer, he had just about 4 years in Pakistan to give his contribution. He died when Pakistan actually needed him as an elder statesman of Music and a guide to building new young team of composers to carry on further. However, his son (from the first wife) Salim Haider joined the Pakistan Army and rose up to the rank of Lt.General before retiring in the year 2000. Thus the son compensated for the loss of the nation in the early death of his father Master Ghulam Haider.

There is so much written about Ghulam Haider that to repeat the same thing again is a futile exercise. Recently,I came across an article on Ghulam Haider, written by his friend shri Harjaap singh Aujla,in 2007. Shri Aujla knew Ghulam Haider and his father knew Ghulam Haider’s father, so his writing commands credibility. The article is very lengthy, but I found a few new pointsthere that are not known to many.

Ghulam Haider is the First composer who invented and introduced ” prelude ‘ and ‘ interlude ‘ in instrumentation, even during the pre-Talkie era. This capability made his style unique. After hearing his compositions, his preludes and interludes, one can not make a mistake in identifying his special style.

Haider was a great discoverer of latent musical talents. The first was singer Umrao Zia begum (whom he married after a romantic period,in those days). Then came baby Noorjehan, Shamshad Begum, Mohammed Rafi, Surinder Kaur and Lata Mangeshkar. True, all these singers had sung songs earlier too, but they got established as playback singers due to Master Ghulam Haider.

We all know the stories of how Lata met Ghulam Haider first time, but shri Aujla has a slightly different story including something which I too never knew. Here is, in his own words, what actually transpired between Lata Mangeshkar and Master Ghulam Haider..

” A very ominous incident happened on a local electric train in Bombay in 1947. Just like most Bombayites, Ghulam Haider was also traveling from one recording studio to another in a local train. The trains were not crowded during those days. Ghulam Haider noticed an anaemic looking small framed girl in her teens singing something. Her voice appeared very shrill and sweet. Ghulam Haider asked her to come close to his seat. He asked “Would you sing if I make a tune right now”. He used a plate and a stick to create the “”Taal” and improvised a tune. Ghulam Haider sang the song and the girl followed him. Ghulam Haider was impressed. He asked her to come on a certain date to a studio for audition in front of a mike and orchestra. The girl agreed and reached the studio well before the appointed time. Ghulam Haider conducted the audition. Her voice was feeble, but closer to the mike it sounded very impressive. She passed the audition. The girl was none other than today’s superstar Lata Mangeshkar, Ghulam Haider’s latest find.

Ghulam Haider at that time was composing the music for film “Majboor”. The song “Dil Mera Torha, Ho Mujhe Kisika Na Chhorha, Tere Pyar Ne, Haye Tere Pyaar Ne” became Lata Mangeshkar’s first ever solo. It was recorded in 1947, but the film was released in 1948. After that Ghulam Haider recorded Lata Mangeshkar’s voice in film “Aabshaar” also in 1948. Her “Aabshaar” numbers became very popular and Lata became an established singer. About that very time Noorjehan left for Lahore and later on became “Malika-e-Tarannum of Pakistan”. Lata, however, kept copying the style of Noorjehan for a long time.

Ghulam Haider was so much excited about his new find Lata Mangeshkar that he boasted about it to the other contemporary biggies like Anil Biswas and Khem Chand Prakash. But it was Shyam Sunder, another Punjabi music director, who recorded Lata’s earliest super hits in film “Bazaar” (1948). Shyam Sunder used Raga Pahari to compose Lata’s first ever super hit song “Sawan Ki Galiyan Chhod Chale, Dil Roya Ansoo Beh Na Sake”. Lata herself admits that her one song “Baharen Phir Bhi Aayengi, Maghar Hum Tum Juda Honge” recorded for film “Lahore” in 1949, in the music direction of Shyam Sunder is one of her life’s finest songs. Lata takes pride in giving full credit to Ghulam Haider for making her a film playback singer. She says Ghulam Haider taught her as to which word deserved more stress and which one needed a soft touch for optimum impact. Lata regrets that she could not sing for another great Punjabi music director Khushid Anwar, who left for Lahore soon after composing music of “Shingaar”.

One day in a recording studio Lata was rehearsing a Ghulam Haider tune. Being raw she was making one crucial mistake again and again. The perfectionist in Ghulam Haider got so much infuriated that he planted a slap on her face. Every member of the orchestra was stunned. One of Ghulam Haider’s most trusted harmonium players was Kartar Singh. Ghulam Haider used to make the tunes using a piano and Kartar Singh used to replicate those tunes on harmonium. Kartar Singh remarked ”Khan Sahib, why did you slap this frail little girl?, look at her face, she can’t even cry, she is totally dumb founded”. Ghulam Haider retorted back “Look Kartar Singh, I used to slap Noorjehan and see how high a pedestal she has reached, she is on top in her profession. This slap is going to catapult Lata Mangeshkar into a great singer, who will rule the World of music”. Ghulam Haider’s prophecy proved right and today Lata Mangeshkar is World’s most celebrated female playback singer. “

Today I am bringing to you a wonderful melody of Master Ghulam Haider, sung by his protege Shamshad Begum for the film ” Bairam Khan”-1946. This is one of my favourite songs of Shamshad from her early days. I hope you too will like it.

Song-Ashkon pe hua khatam mere gham ka fasaana(Bairam Khan)(1946) Singer-Shamshad Begam, Lyrics-Wali Sahab, MD-Ghulam Haider


ashkon pe huaa khatm mere gham kaa fasaana
ashkon pe huaa khatm mere

rote huye anjaam pe
rote huye anjaam pe hansta hai zamaana aa
ashkon pe huaa khatam mere gham ka fasaana
ashkon pe huaa khatam mere

aayi jo hansi aankh mein toh ban gaye aansoo u u
aayi jo hansi aankh mein toh ban gaye aansoo u u
paani mein pada aag kaa toofaan chhupaana
ashkon pe huaa khatm mere gham ka fasaana
ashkon pe huaa khatam mere

ae daur e khizaan
ae daur e khizaan
aa tujhe seene se laga loon oon
milta hai tere haal se kuchh mera fasaana
ashkon pe huaa khatm mere gham ka fasaana
ashkon pe huaa khatam mere

5 Responses to "Ashkon pe hua khatm mere gham ka fasaana"

Arun ji,
Seems an extension of the series on Migrators. Thanks


I couldn’t include this song there as it was already packed .



Nice Blog! I now to know so much about G. Hayder and Lata Mangeshkar … Keep it up .

Shekhar vaishnav


Beautiful song…..thanks Arun ji!


Thanks for giving sucha nice information about Gulam Heider Sahib and Master Kartar S8ngh ji And Lataji


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