Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Gun gun gun gun boley bhanwraa

Posted on: February 19, 2018

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in If this article appears in sites like and etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3503 Post No. : 14074


Today’s song is from the film ‘Milan’ (1946).

Bengali people, in general, are fond of reading. The literacy percentage of Bengal during last century and before that has been quite noteworthy. The literate population of Bengal is divided in two parts. One is Bhadralok– a term used to indicate upper and middle class – affluent and educated people; and the other is Madhabit (or what we call a middle class in rest of India). Both these classes of society in Bengal were patrons of books. In addition, Bengal also boasts of a large number of very famous authors. Eminent writers like Rabindranath Tagore, Bankim Chandra Chatterji, Sarat Chandra Chatterji, Sunil Gangopadhyaya, Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay, Satyajit Ray, Mahashweta Devi, Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Shardendu Bandopadhyay, Humayun Ahmed, Kazi Nazrul Islam, Michael Madhusudan, Manik Bandopadhyay, Premendra Mitra, Badal Sircar, Sukumar Rai, Jibanand Das, Rajnikant Sen and many others were, and continue to be popular in Bengal.

No wonder, then, that their novels, dramas and short stories became the basis of Bangla films, both in the silent as well as talkie era. In rest of India, almost all major production houses had their own story departments, where many Munshis, Pandits and the likes of them were employed to provide ‘made to order’ story material for films. The Lahore, Bombay and Madras centres depended heavily on mythology, folk tales, history, and stage dramas etc. for their films.

Since Bangla films had their firm stories, their films were closer to the audiences in Bengal and Eastern India in general. This literary sourcing was firmly entrenched in the minds of the film directors of the 1930s to the 1950s, in Bengal. When an exodus of actors, directors and technicians started from Calcutta to Bombay, in the 40s and 50s, most directors from Bengal made Hindi films in the Bombay center, based on Bangla novels, dramas and short stories. Some important examples are, ‘Do Bigha Zameen’ (Salil Choudhari’s short story of 1943), ‘Devdas’, ‘Parineeta’, ‘Parivar’, ‘Biraj Bahu’, ‘Yahudi’, ‘Ratnadeep’ etc.

When Nitin Bose left Calcutta and came to Bombay to join Bombay Talkies, no one was surprised. Bombay Talkies was known to attract Bangla talent and gave them opportunities to showcase their skills. Being owned by a Bengali-Himanshu Rai and managed by a Bengali-Shashadhar Mukherjee, Bangla cine artistes were always welcome. For his first directorial venture in Bombay, Nitin Bose suggested Rabindranath Tagore’s novel Noukadubi, first published in 1906. This story was a favourite of producers. Already a Bangla film on it was made in 1932. Nitin Bose further suggested to make it a bilingual film – in Hindi and Bangla, for Bengal and East India.

The year was 1946. Himanshu Rai had passed away in 1940, S. Mukherjee left in 1942 with his friends. Devika Rani had left in 1945. Bombay Talkies was in dire straits already. The powers that be at the company thought that making a bilingual film will open doors to Bengal and other East Indian states. While the Hindi version ‘Milan’ was made in 1946, the Bangla version ‘Naukadubi’ was made in 1947.

Dilip Kumar was an upcoming new hero in Bombay Talkies. He had just done 2 films. ‘Jwar Bhata’ in 1944 and ‘Pratima’ in 1945. He was chosen for ‘Milan’ as its hero. The film needed two heroines. One, Ranjana was already available and selected. For the second heroine, Bombay Talkies gave advertisements in newspapers. From several applicants, a new Kanpur born Bengali speaking girl Meera Mishra was selected.

Meera Mishra’s joining the films generated a lot of interest and excitement because she was the wife of an IPS officer. She was chosen to play Kamala in both versions. For the role of Hemnalini, Meera Sircar was selected for the Bangla version, and Ranjana did this role in the Hindi versions. The role of Ramesh, the hero, was assigned to Dilip Kumar in the Hindi version, and to Abhi Bhattacharya in the Bengali version. The role of  Akshay Babu was assigned to Pahadi Sanyal in both Hindi and Bangla versions.

In a manner of speaking, Meera Misra made her debut opposite to Dilip Kumar as her first leading man. The film was directed by Nitin Bose and Anil Biswas was the music director. Parul Ghosh lent her voice in both the versions. In ‘Noukadubi’ she had five Tagore songs, her only Bengali songs.

Both ‘Noukadubi’ and ‘Milan’ did well. Initially Meera had planned to retire after this one film. However, her husband, Kripa Sindhu Mishra was killed in action during Delhi riots and Meera decided to carry on with her film career. She had a son Jishnu from the Late KS Mishra. Her other films include ‘Abhijatya’ (1949), ‘Eki Gramer Chhele’ (1950), ‘Abarta’ (1950), ‘Sandhyabelar Rupkatha’ (1950), ‘Sabyasachi’ (Hindi-1948, based on Sarat Chandra Chatterjee’s ‘Pather Dabi’. Meera played the role of Sumitra) and Bishnupriya (1949). Her other Hindi films include ‘Ghar Ki Numaish’ (1949), ‘Kashmir Hamara Hai’ (1950), ‘Azaadi Ke Baad’ (1951), ‘Chamakee’ (1952), and ‘Chhoti Maa’ (1952). She quit films early and settled into married life again. Her second husband was Mr Ranjit Gupta, Chief Secretary to the Government of West Bengal. She passed away in Calcutta in 2008.

‘Milan’ was produced for Bombay Talkies by Hiten Choudhury, who was with New Theatres earlier. He was the earliest member to leave New Theatres and join Bombay Talkies in Bombay. After Nitin Bose left Bombay Talkies, it was Hiten Choudhury who brought in Bimal Roy to make film ‘Maa’ (1952). Bimal Roy, who had come to Bombay for the premiere of his film ‘Pehla Aadmi ‘ (1950), subsequently settled in Bombay. Asit Sen, BN Banerjee, Salil Choudhury, Hrishikesh Mukherjee and few others too left New Theatres to join Bimal Roy in Bombay.

Director Nitin Bose was working with Dilip Kumar for the first time. That time Dilip had not yet developed the nasty habit of interfering in director and composer’s work. He was still learning and he learnt a lot from Nitin Bose. It seems that the famous hair style of Dilip was also suggested by Nitin Bose while shooting a boat scene for Milan. Dilip acknowledges that Nitin Bose had groomed him.

Later Nitin Bose directed Dilip again for ‘Deedar’ (1951) and ‘Ganga Jamuna’ (1961). Nitin Bose once wrote that during the shooting of ‘Ganga Jamuna’ he was sitting aside on a chair, helplessly watching Dilip Kumar do his (the director’s)  job. By that time Dilip had obtained a Doctorate in this “art of interference”.

Dilip had become famous due to his early tragic films, when he used to die frequently in most of them. In 1948 alone, out of his 6 films, he died 4 times. In the year 1955, he died in 3 films. In the entire 50’s decade he died 6 times. In a total of 57 films, Dilip kumar had died in 18 of them. Interestingly his last film ‘Qila’ (1998) also saw him dead! A real tragedy king indeed !!! By the way, in his 57 films 39 directors worked with him. SU Sunny directed him in 4 films. Nitin Bose, Bimal Roy and Subhash Ghai directed him in 3 films each.

‘Milan’ was based on Rabindranath Tagore’s novel ’Noukadubi’, published in 1925. This story was a favourite of producers. It was produced in Bangla in 1932, 1947, 1979 and 2011. Hindi versions came in as ‘Milan’ (1946), ‘Ghoonghat’ (1960) and ‘Kashmakash’ (2011). The cast of the 1946 version incudes Dilip Kumar, Meera Mishra, Ranjana, Pahadi Sanyal, Shyam Laha, S.Nazir, Moni Chatterjee, KP Mukherjee etc. The story is –

The story is set in 1905. Ramesh (Dilip Kumar) is studying law in Calcutta and has just appeared for his final exams. He is a friend and neighbour of Jogen who is also studying law. Jogen (Shyam Laha) lives with his father Annada Babu (Moni Chatterjee) and sister Hemnalini (Ranjana). Ramesh and Hemnalini are fond of each other and Ramesh visits their house most days for tea. Their association is disliked by another friend Akshay (Pahadi Sanyal) who also likes Hemnalini.

Ramesh has been asked to come back to his village for the holidays by his father but is dissuaded from going by Hemnalini. Ramesh’s father Braja Mohan (KP Mukherjee) is from the priestly caste and lives in the village. He receives an anonymous letter stating that his son is involved with the neighbour’s daughter who comes from a tradesman caste and that he spends his entire time there.

Braja Mohan goes to the city and brings Ramesh back with him to the village. He has arranged Ramesh’s wedding with a poor widow’s daughter. Ramesh tries to convince his father about his involvement with Hemnalini. His father after satisfying himself that Ramesh has as yet not committed himself to Hemnalini prevails upon Ramesh to marry Sushila because of the promise he had given to the girl’s mother. There is a storm at night when the wedding party from the groom’s side is returning to their village by boat. During the crossing the boat capsizes. Nearly all on the boat are drowned including Ramesh’s father and Ramesh appears to be the only one to survive. He sees a woman in bridal dress lying unconscious on the bank. He brings her to his village but soon understands that this is a case of mistaken identity. She continuously checks him when he calls her Sushila and tells him her name is Kamala (Meera Mishra). He realizes there was another bridal procession and their boat too had capsized.

After the formalities of his father’s funeral service Ramesh decides to take Kamala to Calcutta. He finds out about her only living relative, an uncle, and writes to him. A letter arrives telling him of the death of Kamala’s uncle but the sender has mentioned Kamala’s husband’s name and profession. His name is Nalin and he’s a doctor. Ramesh now starts searching for Dr. Nalin. He has so far made no mention about his marriage to Hemnalini or her family nor told anyone regarding the mistaken identity of his supposed bride to avoid any embarrassment to the girl.

On arrival in Calcutta, Ramesh suggests that Kamala get an education. After allaying her apprehension regarding her age he admits her in a girl’s boarding school. Akshay’s sister also studies in the same school and through her Akshay gets to know the truth about Ramesh’s marriage. In the evening he questions Ramesh in front of Hemnalini. Ramesh deflects the question and asks Hem to trust him. Preparations are on at Annada’s house for the wedding of Hemnalini and Ramesh. Their wedding is set for the coming Sunday but Ramesh is asked by the principal to take Kamala home for the weekend. Ramesh postpones the wedding and brings Kamala back from school. Akshay brings Jogen to Ramesh’s house where they see Kamala and on being questioned Ramesh keeps silent. Hemnalini goes into a state of shock when she’s told about Ramesh’s wife.

Her father takes her to Kashi to recuperate. Ramesh decides to leave Calcutta and he takes Kamala with him to Ghazipur. Kamala reads the letter Ramesh has written to Hem explaining the entire situation and mentioning Kamala’s husband’s name. She finally recognizes the truth about her and Ramesh’s situation. She decides to kill herself and leaves the house. She is rescued and comes under Nalin’s mother’s care.

She realizes that Nalin is her husband but finds out that Hemnalini and he are to be betrothed. However, Nalin is not happy about the betrothal as he refuses to believe that Kamala is dead and wants to wait a while longer. Finally the truth comes out and she’s accepted by her husband and his mother while Ramesh and Hemnalini get back together.

The film had 8 songs. Today’s song is the 5th song to be posted. All other songs are also available on You Tube. Enjoy the video song.

[Author Note: My acknowledgements and thanks to Dr. JP Guha ji, the book ‘Hero-I’ by Ashok Raj, HFGK, and my own notes.]


Song-Gungun gungun boley bhanwra (Milan)(1946) Singer-Parul Ghosh, Lyrics-P L Santoshi, MD-Anil Biswas
Dilip Kumar


gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
hamaari bagiya mein aaike ho bhanwra
gungun gungun boley
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike

madhuvan se laaye sandesha bahaar ka
madhuvan se laaye sandesha bahaar ka aa aa
taar(?) jaaye mere pyaar ka
veena baja ke
baawri bana ke
haumaari bagiya mein aaike ho bhanwra
gungun gungun bole
humaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun bole bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike

iraada badal bhi sakta hai
lekin uske liye ek munaasib bahaana gadhna padega


haan aakhir pitaaji ka hukm
baghair kisi vajah ke thhode hi taala jaa sakta hai
aur aap kya samajh rahin hain
ham apni marzi se jaa rahe hain


lekin ye sab ek shart par

kya shart

jo gaana abhi ham sun rahe thhe wo poora ho

poora hoga

gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo gungun gungun boley bhanwrva aa
hamaari bagiya mein aaike
wo jaan gaya re
jaan gaya re
wo jaan gaya re
mere man mein hai kya
jaan gaya re
kahta phire sab kaliyon se jaa
kahta phire sab kaliyon se jaa
mere man mein hai kya
jaan gaya re
jaan gaya re
dekh rahi thhi
main raah kisi ki
dekh rahi thhi
main raah kisi ki
ankhiyaan bichhaai ke
?? lagaay ke ae
ankhiyaan bichhaai ke
?? lagaay ke
hamaari bagiya mein aay ke ho bhanwra
gungun gungun boley
hamaari bagiya mein


6 Responses to "Gun gun gun gun boley bhanwraa"

Dear Arunji ,

One is overawed by the depth of your knowledge and even more so by your presentation style . Truth be told , you seem to have outdone yourself with this one .

As a follower of early Indian Cinema and of the same 70++ young age group as yourself , I look forward to a write up on the Film BAADBAAN , which , I believe , was made to revive the dying Bombay Talkies and where all the stars worked for free .

With warmest regards


Partha Chanda ji,

Thanks for your very kind words. Such heartfelt comments really invigorate the desire to write more on old films.
Many people must be reading articles, but only few express their mind here.
I wish more and more people write comments, so that the writers are kept on toes and become enthusiastic.
Such appreciation surely works as a great motivation.
Thanks again.

Partha Chanda ji,

I have already written on a song from film Baadbaan-54.Kindly use this link to read that article……


Arunkumar Deshmukh ji

It takes time to read the entire text written by you, but it could not be left out .I read that first and then listen to song if time permits.
You have written about Mujhe Jeene Do-63 .but neither Dilip Kumar nor Nitin Bose were connected with this film.
Please do the necessary correction.
With regards,
D Samant

Thanks for pointing out the error.
It should be Gunga Jamuna-61 really.
Regret the mistake.

D Samant ji,

The said correction has been done.
Thanks to you again for bringing it to our notice.

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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