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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

So Ja Lalna So Ja

Posted on: March 15, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 3527 Post No. : 14168

Today’s song is from film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ (1939).

This film is made by Ranjit Movietone of Sardar Chandulal Shah. A lot has already been written about him, Gauhar Mamajiwala and Ranjit Studios, so I am skipping that part. In the late 30s and early 40s, i.e. from about 1937 to 1947, Hindi film industry was making films emphasizing social reforms, society needs, peaceful coexistence of different religions and also raising a voice against the sinful customs prevalent then in Indians, all over the country. Some of the topics were, child marriages, marriages between the very young and the old, dowry demands, disowning parents, gambling, criminal activities etc.

Major film companies like Ranjit, Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Prabhat Films etc. were the torch bearers in this campaign. After the country’s Independence and by the end of the 40’s decade, the taste of the audience started changing rapidly and within a short period the type of films produced took a 180 degrees’ turn. Now the films handled comedy, crime stories, modern love stories and in general, light entertainment became the sole purpose of seeing a film.Thus the role of films as a ‘reformer or a ‘teacher/preacher’ ended and films handling such themes got a poor response from the same audience.

Of course, 1939 was the initiation period for such a change. The first generation actors, directors and composers were still on the top and the film stories too were made in preaching style. The music was quite slow and influenced by stage/dramas/classical songs. Ranjit Movietone used to produce films like a factory. At any given time at least 2 to 3 film shootings were going on different floors. In its production life, Ranjit produced 175 films, including films in Marathi and Tamil. However, Calcutta’s New Theatres made 177 films, holding the Indian Record (perhaps the world record too).

Somehow, I feel that due to Saigal’s films, notably ‘Devdas’ (1935), the film makers of the late 30s were inclined to show death of the lead player of their films. If not, there was a kind of a tinge of sadism in some of the films made during this period. For example, I can quote Minerva’s ‘Jailor’ (1938) and ‘Main Haari’ (1940), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), Kardar’s ‘Paagal’ (1940) and ‘Pooja’ (1940), Prabhat’s ‘Aadmi’ (1939), New Theatre’s ‘Badi Didi’ (1939) and ‘Dushman’ (1939), Sagar Movietone’s ‘Ek Hi Rasta’ (1939), Mehboob’s ‘Aurat’ (1940), Circo’s ‘Geeta’ (1940), New Theatres ‘Nartaki’ (1940), Mehboob’s ‘Behan’ (1941) and few other films. In all these and such films there was a serious theme – tragedy, sadism, psychotic behaviour, perversion and similar not so good emotions.

It was the pure and innocent love stories of Devika Rani and Ashok Kumar that gave relief to the audience. No wonder, a naive and extremely visible awkward Ashok kumar became popular on this background, as a help to him. By the mid 1940’s and end of the decade, the total trend of film stories had taken a drastic turn, as mentioned earlier.

Film ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was one of those dark story films, where three main characters commit suicide in the film. The film was directed by Chaturbhuj Doshi, and the music was provided by Gyan Dutt, a paid employee of Ranjit. The cast of the film was Durga Khote, Prithviraj Kapoor, Rose, K Datey, Ila Devi, Ishwarlal, Yaqub, Khatoon, Mirza Musharraf, Meera etc etc.

The name ‘Meera’ is one of those which cause ‘Same Name Confusion’. Luckily, the other Meera (Mishra) started her acting career only in 1946, when this Meera was in the last phase of her career. Still many sites, books and writers mix up their filmography. Meera was an Anglo-Indian girl in Hindi films. During the silent film era a lot many European and Anglo-Indian girls acted in films. Few of them continued even after Talkie films started and very few like Sulochana and Sabita Devi etc. became successful even in the films for a considerable time. Some of these girls were, Ruby Meyers – Sulochana, Iris Gasper – Sabita Devi, Susan Soloman – Firoza begum (not the singer), Effie Hippolet – Indira Devi, Bonnie Bird – Lalita Devi, Esther Abraham – Pramila, Renee Smith – Sita Devi, Berryl Classen – Madhuri, Winnie Stewert – Manorama Senior, Erine Issac Daniels – Manorama Junior, Florence Ezekiel – Nadira, Sophie Abraham – Romilla, Rose Musleah – Rose, Lilian Ezra – Lilian, Mercia Soloman – Vimla, Rachel Sofaer – Arti Devi, Rachel Cohen – Ramola Devi, Patience Cooper, Violet Cooper, Ermelin – Sudhabala etc.

Meera’s real name was Muriel Alexander. She was born on 10-11-1919. She was from a respectable family. Her father was Superintendent – Local Audit in AG’s office. Brother E. Alexander was a national level cricketer. She passed her Inter-science exam from Benaras Hindu University. It was through one Mr. Seal, who was a manager in Adarsh Chitra, that she got her first break in film ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ (1935). It is not known if she sang any song in that film, as no records are available. My guess is that, besides acting, she must have sung few songs in that film. [Author’s Note: ‘Dhuwaandhaar’ was also the debut film for Leela Chitnis.]

Her name first appears as an actress and singer in film ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), in which she sang 3 solo songs. From 1935 to 1938, she must have sung many songs, but singers names are not mentioned in the available information on the available gramophone records. Thus many singers’ credit during this period have been lost. After ‘Bhabhi’, her name appears in ‘Nirmala’ and ‘Vachan’ (both from 1938) in which she sang 1 solo and 3 duets. She acted and sang songs in films of Ranjit, Prakash and Minerva Movietone films. [Author’s Note: Amirbai Karnataki also suffered due to this missing singer’s information situation.]

As per information available Meera acted in ‘Dolti Naiya’ (1934), ‘Dhuwandhar’ (1935), ‘Bhabhi’ (1938), ‘Wahaan’ (1938), ‘Adhoori Kahaani’ (1939), ‘Taatar Ka Chor’ (1940), ‘Paak Daaman’ (1940), ‘Chingaari’ (1940), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Meri Duniya’ (1942), ‘Mauj’ (1943), ‘Krishna Bhakt Bodana’ (1944), ‘Ji Haan’ (1945), ‘Sham Savera’ (1946), ‘Ye Hai Duniya’ (1948) and ‘Sansaar’ (1951). In the film ‘Nirmala’ she only sang.

Another name in the cast is that of Ishwarlal.  Ishwarlal was born on 9-10-1911 at Ghanghaniya, Kathewar, Gujrat, as Ishwarlal Hariprasad Doshi. He belonged to a Jain family. After matriculation, he came to Bombay to act in films. Ishwarlal was very handsome. He got a job in Ranjit Studios. His first film was ‘Bhootiya Mahal’ (1932). Then came ‘Chaar Chakram’, also 1932.

He started acting and singing in films. Initially he sang only duets. Meanwhile, with ‘Jwalaamukhi’ (1936), he became a hero. He sang many songs in Ranjit Films, but the records are not available. Those days, not all songs of the film were recorded for commercial purpose. In ‘Billi’ (1938), he sang a duet with Sunita Devi. In ‘Aaj Ka Hindustan’ (1940), he sang two solos. In ‘Ummeed’ (1941), he had a duet with Noorjahan. In ‘Pyaas’ (1941), he sang with S Pradhan. In 1942, got two solo songs and two duets to sing in ‘Fariyaad’ under the baton of Khemchand Prakash. In ‘Zabaan’, under C Ramchandra, he sang 7 songs.

Some of his films were-

Diwali, Dheeraj, Chandni, Bhola Shikar, Nadira, Sitamgarh, Veer Babruwahan, Barrister’s Wife, College Kanya, Desh Dasi, Keemti Aansoo, Dil Ka Daaku, Jwaalamukhi, Sajni, Dil Farosh, Adhoori Kahaani, Thokar, Holi, Pyar, Bansari, Lalkar, Chirag, Us paar.

In 1945, he was the hero opposite to Noorjehan in ‘Badi Maa’, but he had no songs. In fact his last songs were in ‘Us Paar’ (1944). Then he did character roles in Subhadra, Mahasati Tulsi Vrinda, Sanskar, Naulakha Haar, Khuda Ka Banda etc.

His last film was ‘Meri Soorat Teri Aankhen’ in 1963.

He was married to a loyal wife Kamalabai. Due to excessive smoking he contracted lung diseases and died on 22-1-1969 in Bombay.

‘Adhoori Kahaani’ was a modernisation fable based on a story by famous Gujarati writer Gunwant Rai Acharya. screenplay, dialogues and lyrics were by JS Kashyap, Cinematography was by LN Varma and the music was composed by Gyan Dutt. The film was hailed as one of the best by Director Chaturbhuj Doshi.

The film’s story is. . .

The educated and liberal thinking Harbala (Durga Khote) is married to Seth Gopaldas (Keshav Rao Datey), a rich zamindar. He is a highly conservative type of husband with old time thinking. He neither approves nor likes the modern ways of his wife Harbala and tries to criticise and oppress her at every small thing. They have two children- Somnath (Prithviraj Kapoor) and Neelam (Rose). Gopaldas always accuses Harbala that she is spoiling the children and not treating them with discipline.

Fed up with this torture, harassment and his authoritarian traditionalism, Harbala commits suicide. Both children feel guilty. Hatred towards father drives them to commit suicide after their mother.

Having lost all family, Seth Gopaldas repents, but it is too late. The film ends with a hope that in the future, a less oppressive society will emerge. For now, the story is unfinished tale or Adhoori Kahani. (652)

 

The film had 12 songs of which nine are written by Kashyap, 2 songs by Mrs. Bhagyavati Ramya and one song by PL Santoshi. With this song, the film ‘Adhoori Kahani’ makes its debut on the Blog.

 


Song – So Ja Lalna So Ja (Adhoori Kahaani) (1939) Singer – Miss Meera, Lyrics – JS Kashyap ‘Natwaan’, Music – Gyan Dutt

Lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)

so ja lalna so jaa
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa
maa ki godi
maa ki godi hai tera ghar
jeevan se tu aaya thak kar
so ja lalna so jaa

is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
is gulshan mein haar nahin hai
swarg hai ye sansaar nahin hai
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

aao godi
tumhen sula doon
meethi meethi (?? ??) doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
aankhon mein jal dhaara baha kar
tan man ka sab taap bujha doon
jeevan ka santaap mita doon
so jaa
lalna
so jaa

———————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————————

सो जा ललना सो जा
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा
माँ की गोदी
माँ की गोदी है तेरा घर
जीवन से तू आया थक कर
सो जा ललना सो जा

इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
इस गुलशन में हार नहीं है
स्वर्ग है ये संसार नहीं है
सो जा
ललना
सो जा

आओ गोदी
तुम्हें सुला दूँ
मीठी मीठी (?? ??) दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
आँखों में जल धारा बहा कर
तन मन का सब ताप बुझा दूँ
जीवन का संताप मिटा दूँ
सो जा
ललना
सो जा

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What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for more than nine years. This blog has over 14500 song posts by now.

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