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Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aaj ki duniya kal se nyaari

Posted on: September 22, 2018


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in sites like lyricstrans.com and ibollywoodsongs.com etc then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

3718 Post No. : 14651 Movie Count :

4003

Today’s song is from the film “Das Baje” aka “Ten O’ Clock”-1942. It was a Prabhat film, directed by Raja Nene. The lyrics and the story was by Pt. Mukhram Sharma ‘Ashant’. The music director was Keshavrao Bhole. The cast included Paresh Banerji, Urmila, Vasant Thengdi, Baby Shakuntala ( Debut film) and many others. This was a bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi (Daha Vajta).

When Silent film making was in full swing in the 20s and 30s, there were as many as 217 film making companies, spread over different centres like Bombay, Poona, Kolhapur, Nashik, Calcutta, Madras, Bangalore and Lahore mainly. Not all were very active, but few big companies like Madon, Prabhat, Maharashtra, British Dominion, Imperial,Kohinoor, krishna, Sagar, National, Sharda, Laxmi, Surya and United were some of the leading companies, based on their number of films produced. Not all the film makers had their own studios, they used to get the films made in others’ studios.

After the advent of the Talkie and end of making silent films, most of these 217 film companies closed down. However big companies like Imperial, Prabhat, Maharashtra, Kohinoor, krishna, Ranjit etc had their own studios and they started making Talkie films regularly. As the film industry grew bigger some more studios like Bombay Talkies, New Theatres, Pancholi etc came up and flourished. newer studios kept on coming. Some outside film makers like Ramnik lal Shah and Haribhai Desai from Bangalore came to Bombay and started their studios for making Talkie films. All of them flourished in the growing market.

Each studio had its own culture, rules and a battery of actors, directors, MDs etc on monthly pay rolls. Some big studios like Ranjit had, at one time, more than 700 people on its rolls. The Indian Government had even opened a Ration shop, inside their compound for the benefit of employee families. New Theatres, Bombay Talkies and Prabhat too had a sizable number of staff on its rolls. The studios had their own shooting facilities, about 3 to 6 shooting floors, props etc. in all these studios, there always was a Father figure, who controlled all the matters of the studio. For example, Baburao painter for Maharashtra film co., V Shantaram for Prabhat, Chandulal Shah for Ranjit, Sohrab Modi for Minerva, Himanshu Rai for Bombay Talkies, Chimanlal Desai for Sagar, B N Sircar for new Theatres, Dalsukh Pancholi for Pancholi, Lahore etc etc.

As the years passed by, the studio system became weak. There were many reasons. Two of the main reasons were..1. during the war period lot of Black money flowed into film production. producers, Financiers and the Distributors became dictators in star selection story, music…everything. They lured big stars from other studios by offering much more money. Thus studio system slowly became a freelance contract system. 2. more important reason was that due to the short sightedness, autocratic behaviours, use and throw attitudes, bad decisions/habits of the owners, many well known studios were deserted by its stars. Due to gambling of the owners, Sagar and Ranjit studios crumbled and due to Ego clashes of Titans, New Theatres was destroyed. Some stars felt that that prabhat and Minerva took undue advantage of them and new actors did not want to get tied up with one studio.

Reportedly, some studio owners were infamous for cheating their stars while signing contracts. Names that are involved in this are that of Sohrab modi (Meena Shorey, Jyoti), W.Z.Ahmed of Shalimar studios (Sitara Kanpuri ), V.Shantaram (Shanta Apte, B.Nandrekar and S.Purushottam).

When the studios broke up, they gave way to new establishments. Sagar gave way to National and mehboob studios, Bombay Talkies fragmented into Filmistan, N R Achaya films and later filmalaya, New Theatre directors started their own companies like Bimal Roy, Barua, Nitin Bose etc., Prabhat made way for Rajkamal, Nene production, Alhad Chitra of Dharmadhikari etc.

Today’s film Das Baje -42 was a film made at the time when Prabhat’s disintegration had started. Shantaram had already walked out to start Rajkamal. After film Das Baje-42, during 1943, another batch of Raja nene, Shantaram Atavale, Datta Dharmadhikari and Keshavrao Bhole left Prabhat, while film Ramshastri was in the making. K.Bhole however, completed the music composition of film Ramshastri before leaving Prabhat.

In the cast of Das baje-42, you will find a name Urmila- in some films she is named as Urmila Devi also. She was not a very good looking actress, but she compensated for it with her good acting. Urmila Talwar was born in 1921 at Panja Sahib, Rawalpindi district of United Punjab. her father, who was a Civil Contractor, died when she was only 5 year old. She did not get much education but could read and write as well as talk fluently, Urdu, Hindi and English.

She started her career with a small uncredited role in film Mirza Sahiban-33. She was the younger sister of Mirza in this film. After some more small roles, she got her major role in film Aasuon ki Duniya-36. After this, she did not look back and did Punjab Lancers-37, kahan hai manzil Teri-39, Hurricane special-39, Flying Ranee-39, Desh Bhakt-40, Sasural-41, Sajjan-41, Mere Sajan-41, Naari-42, Das Baje-42, Call of youth-42, Badal -42, Apna Paraya-42, Tamash-42, Kirti-42, Salma-43 and last film Bansari-43. After this Urmila got married and stopped working in films, for some time, may be for raising a family. She resumed working in films and acted in another 20 odd films till 1952. Sometimes she was mentioned as Urmila Gupta also. She had sung 12 songs.

Das Baje was the film from where Pt. Mukhram Sharma came to Hindi films prominently. He left Prabhat after writing songs and story of Ramshastri-44.
Pt. Mukhram Sharma was born in Poothi village of Uttar Pradesh, India on 29 May 1909. He studied Sanskrit and was brought up in Meerat. He worked as a Hindi and Sanskrit language teacher while continuing writing poetry and short stories for local magazine.

Sharma narrated one of his stories to one of his friends in Meerut who was associated with Hindi film industry. On his friend’s request, who was impressed with Sharma’s stories, Sharma to visited Mumbai (then Bombay) in 1939. But, he did not get any work in Mumbai so Sharma moved to Poona, Maharashtra with his family. He joined Prabhat Films owned by filmmaker V. Shantaram as a Marathi language tutor to new comers at the salary of Rs 40 per month.

From 1940 to 1942 he was there and wrote songs for Sant Dnyaneshwar-40, Sant Sakhu-41 and Das Baje-42. During this period Sharma got involved with a Marathi actress Shanta Mujumdar and married her. In 1942, Sharma got his break by penning lyrics and dialogue of the Hindi-Marathi bilingual film Das Baje. The film was directed by Raja Nene, starring Urmila and Paresh Banerji. He worked with Nene on more films like Taramati, based on mythological love story of King Harishchandra and Taramati where actress Shobhana Samarth played the title role. He worked on more mythological films like Vishnu Bhagwan and Nal Damyanti. Sharma’s next film was Marathi Film Stree Janma Hee Tujhi Kahani (1952) which was with director Datta Dharmadhikari. The film was based on Sharma’s earlier short story Aaj Ka Sawaal, later recreated in Hindi as Aurat teri yehi kahani (1954) by Chaturbhuj Doshi.

Meeting initial success, Sharma moved to Mumbai where his first film released in 1954 was Aulad. He won the first Filmfare award in the Best story (1955) category He continued writing for films like Vachan (1955), Ek hi rasta (1956), Dushman, Sadhana (1958), Santaan, Do Behneh, Talaq (1958), Dhool ka Phool (1959), Samadhi, Pyar kiya to darna kya(1963), and Humjoli (1970). Sharma’s films often dealt with prevailing social issues. For Sadhana (1958) which described the life of a prostitute, Sharma had initially approached director Bimal Roy who requested to change the ending. Sharma refused for any alternation to the story and approached B R Chopra who made the film . Sharma also worked with filmmaker L V Prasad for his Hindi film, Daadi Maa (1966), Raja aur Rank (1968), Jeene ki raah (1969), and Main sundar hoon (1971), with AVM Prodn for Do kaliyan (1968) and with Gemini Studios for Gharana (1961), Grahasti (1963).

Sharma took retirement from film writing after the release of Naukar (1979) and Sau din saas ke (1980) and moved to Meerut.

He got 3 FF awards for Best story, Sangeet natak Academi award in 1961 and many other awards too.

Sharma died on 25 April 2000 at the age of 92 at his residence in Meerut.

Film India of Baburao Patel, famous and popular from 30s to the 50s, reviewed about 50 films every year. he was so critical that his praise would come only for 10% films. In his opinion, 60% films were poor, 30% were so-so and only 10 % were watchable. In the january 1943 issue of Fil India, he has reviewed film Das Baje-42, in which he criticised every aspect of the film. he had only good words for the Debutante child artiste baby Shakuntala 6 years old, as the only redeeming point in the film. However, as was usually the case, despite his criticism, the film was a grand success commercially and it was appreciated also. Here is the story of the film…

Asha (Urmila) and Dilip (Paresh Bannerji) study together in college and are in love with each other. While Urmila comes from a wealthy family, Dilip is poor but academically brilliant. His family consists of a young eight-year-old sister (Baby Shakuntala), whom he takes care of. Trouble arises when Urmila’s father wants her to marry Dr. Ramesh (Vasnt Thengdi), who comes from an equally wealthy family, and has just returned from abroad after completing his medical studies. Asha agrees to sacrifice her love at her father’s insistence and frail condition. During the wedding ceremony, Asha faints and the marriage is postponed. Dr. Ramesh tends to her and she informs him of her love for Dilip. She then tells her father that she will only marry Dilip and he agrees. Dilip meets with an accident when he is struck by a car. He comes under Dr. Ramesh’s care who has to operate on him. For some moments, Dr. Ramesh is faced with either having the woman he loves or saving Dilip. In the end he goes with his conscience and operates successfully on Dilip.

Let us now listen to the song from this film. It is sung by Urmila and Paresh Banerjee. With this song, the film and singer Urmila make Debuts on the Blog.

(credits- Filmography by Dr. Verma,Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, Manto’s book ‘ Dastavez’-vol 5, Film Directory, wiki, Hindi filmon ke geetkar,MuVyz, HFGK, Cinerang by Isak Mujawar and my notes.)


Song-Aaj ki duniya kal se nyaari (Das Baje)(1942) Singers- Paresh Bannerji, Urmila, Lyricist- Pt. Mukhram Sharma, MD-Keshavrao Bhole
Both

Lyrics

aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

ped niraale
paat niraale
ped niraale
paat niraale
bel niraali
phool niraale
bel niraali
phool niraale

rang niraala
gandh niraali
rang niraala
gandh niraali
goonje bhanwra
mahke kyaari

goonje bhanwra
mahke kyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

khule gagan mein panchhi doley
khule gagan mein panchhi doley
meethhi meethhi boli bolen
meethhi meethhi boli bolen

gaan niraala
taan niraali
aaj sunaaye koyal kaari
gaan niraala
taan niraali

aaaj sunaaye koyal kaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

dukh ka parwat
chadhke hans kar
kaanten pathh ke
kuchal kuchal kar

dukh ka parwat
chadhke hans kar
kaanten pathh ke
kuchal kuchal kar

aaj niraala jeewan paaya
aaj niraala jeewan paaya
poori saari
saadh hamaari
poori saari
saadh hamaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari
aaj ki duniya
kal se nyaari

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(© 2008 - 2018) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TEN years. This blog has over 14700 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 3700 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

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