Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Aankhon mein paani kis liye zindagaani kis liye

Posted on: March 14, 2021


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4622 Post No. : 16269

Today’s song is from the film Iqrar-42. This was just one of the many films- coming out of Ranjit’s factory. It was like their emphasis was on churning out films in quantity. They were not much worried about the quality of the films, it would seem to the observer. As such the number of hit and successful films coming out of Ranjit was certainly not very high, unlike New Theatres, Bombay Talkies or Prabhat.

Of course, one knows that there is no formula for successful films. It is also true that A grade actors, well known composers and famous directors alone do not make a hit film. In my opinion, a strong storyline forms a base for good films. That coupled with either factors, enhances the chances of such films being successful at the box office.

In the early 30’s films from new Theatres became successful mainly because their films had strong storylines. Bombay Talkies films of the late 30s and early 40’s became successful due to fresh faces and simple music and songs. Prabhat films had a combination of strong story, social reform subjects and quality actors and directors, which made them successful.

A common thread for these companies was the total involvement of the owners in their business. This, precisely, was the weak point of companies like Sagar and Ranjit. Their owners got engaged in family problems and their Gambling habits. The first to go down was Sagar and Ranjit followed suit when Chandulal Shah lost more than a Crore of rupees in just one deal of ‘Satta’. That is a sad story, anyway.

In 1942, when the industry was having a great shake up, Ranjit had 6 films ready for release and 6 films on floors. You can imagine why Ranjit was called a ‘Factory’ ! Indian film industry has always been alive to the happenings in the country and reflects the national problems and important events in our films.1942 was an year when the II World War was on its peak and it had caused a severe food shortage in the world. Italy had made a silent film ‘Greed’ on this issue. Based on it.Mehboob Khan made a film , Roti’ in India. Mehboob was a socialist and a Nehruvian to the core and so his films like,Mother India or Son Of India were made on socialistic principles. In 1942,Ramchandra Thakur also directed one such film,’Gareeb’.

In India, the Congress had started its Quit India movement, but in our Film Industry it was a Quit studio movement. Many well known film artistes, directors, composers and other related staff moved over to new pastures. 1942, in a sense, became an overhauling of the Film industry with so much movement of people. The following activities changed the scenario to a great extent.

1. A group of disgruntled people in Bombay Talkies, comprising of Rai Bahadur Chunilal, Shashadhar mukherjee, Ashok Kumar, Sawak Vachha and few of their followers left Bombay Talkies, after disagreements with Devika Rani and formed their own outfit – Filmistan.
2. Mehboob Khan separated from National studios and established his own Mehboob Productions. This was also the time when Mehboob and Anil Biswas separated from each others due to some differences.
3. Abdul Rasheed Kardar established his own Kardar studios.
4. V.Shantaram, along with his team left Prabhat- an institution which he established and made a famous one by his directorial contribution. He first joined the Films division and then started his own Raj Kamal Kala Mandir.
5. Wadia Movietone split and the brothers separated. While JBH Wadia, the elder brother, wanted that their company should start making only Social films now, the younger Homi Wadia wanted to continue with Stunt and Action films. He started his own Basant Pictures. Wadia’s star performer Fearless Nadia went with Homi Wadia, whom she married yew years later.
6. Calcutta’s New Theatres started showing signs of disintegration and Debki Bose,P C Barua etc left the New Theatres. Debaki Bose made Apna Ghar’ in Bombay. K L Saigal left new Theatres to do films in Bombay . He did Ranjit’s Bhakta Surdas’ and ‘ Bhanwra’. He of course went back to Calcutta to do a few more films,before coming back to Bombay for Shahjehan and Pawana. He did not/could not go back to Calcutta,as he died after Parwana-47. Saigal, while recording song ‘ Nainheen ko raah dikha” in Bhakta Surdas, did 14 retakes in recordings. His younger brother Mohan Saigal acted as Shri Krishna in this film and he is heard saying” Surdas ji” in the song Nis Din barsat Nain hamare.
7. Composer Vasant Desai did his first independent film ” Shobha” as a Music Director.
8. C Ramchandra did his first Hindi film as a composer- Sukhi Jeevan.
9. Ninu Mujumdar became MD with the film Black Out.
10. Kamal Dasgupta started his Hindi career with film Jawab.
11. Lyricist Ramesh Gupta started with the film Awaz.
12. Lyricist Qamar Jalalabadi started with Zamindar
13. Suraiya entered the Playback with songs in Nai Duniya and Sharda.
14. Hemant Kumar sang his first Hindi song in the film Meenakshi-42.
15. Manna Dey first sang a Hindi song in film Tamanna.
16. Jagmohan Sursagar sang in the first Hindi film-Bhakta Kabir.
17. Nurjahan sang her first Hindi film songs in film Khandan-42, in Lahore.
18. Bharat Bhushan’s first film in a leading role was Bhakt Kabir
19. Madhubala started as Baby Mumtaz in film Basant

From Lahore Dalsukh Pancholi repeated his magic with ‘ Khandaan’-42. This time it was Noorjehan who shook the industry with her songs under Ghulam Haider. Films like Bhakt Kabir,Bhakta Surdas, and Bharat Milap kept the Mythology/religious films in limelight. new Theatres,prabhat,Bombay Talkies etc all brought excellent films in 1942. Barring Bhakta Surdas,Roti and Khandan,there was not much competition to Naushad’s Station Master-42 ,in music.Its music became quite popular and the film celebrated Silver Jubilee. Naushad tasted success for the first time in his career in 1942 and 2 of his 3 films in the year celebrated Silver Jubilees. The other film was Nai Duniya-42.

Let us take a look at some important films of 1942….

Film Barat had music by Ratanlal-brother of khemchand Prakash and he himself as Khemraj.

Film Basant- though it has the name of Pannalal Ghosh as MD, as per HFGK, all the songs were composed by Anil Biswas (because he was still under contract with National Studios) and Ghosh had only done Orchestration and background music.

Bhakta Kabir had music by Himangshu Dutt- the first title holder of ” Sursagar”.
Bhakta Surdas- Gyan Dutt gave 15 hit songs of Saigal and Khursheed. In this film Khursheed sang equally well with Saigal.

Bharat Milap- First film in which Prem Adib and Shobhana Samarth did the roles of Shri Ram and Seeta, which made them famous all over India.

Chauranghee- the only Hindi film for which Kazi nasrul islam gave music and wrote songs too. It was his debut film. Also Debut for Hanuman prasad Sharma as Md and S.Fazli as Director.

Dus Baje- Debut of Baby Shakuntala.

Iqrar- Last film of actress Madhuri (Beryl Classen). Master Vithal-a professional singer from Sholapur sang his only song in a Hindi film.( not the actor)

Jawab- all songs popular, especially kanan devi’s ” Ye duniya Toofan mail”.

Khandan- Entry of Nur jahan, from Lahore. All her songs are popular.

Muqabala- First Talkie film with double role of Heroine- Nadia. Babhubhai Mistri’s magic in trick scenes.

Nai Duniya- Suraiya’s first song in Hindi film.

Roti- Begum Akhtar’s role and 6 songs.

Savera- First film of Arun Ahuja and Nirmala Devi.

Sharada- Naushad gives good songs.

Station Master- Hit film with songs.

Zamindar- Shanta Apte goes to Lahore all the way

All in all, the year 1942 was an eventful year for the industry. Indian audience enjoyed a variety of Genres in film offerings and a feast of Naushad’s songs, Bhajans and New artistes.

Film Iqrar-42 did not have lilting music or popular songs. It had the usual story of a Love Triangle around Madhuri, for whom this was her last film in the career. After this film she retired from films, got married and simply disappeared from public life. After 50 years, she was searched and discovered by an organisation, for a function to honour the Silent Era artistes – Madhuri and Jairaj. Film Iqrar-42 was directed by Manibhai Vyas and the cast was Madhuri, Motilal, Rama Shukul,Bhagwan Das, Tarabai and many others.

One more interesting actress in the cast was Tarabai. She is none other than the elder sister of famous dancer actress Sitara Devi. Born in 1905, Tara/ Tara Devi / Tarabai was a good dancer. She started film career with Silent films like Malti Madhav, Bambai ki sethani etc. She started Talkie films with Vasantsena-31. She played the role of Princess Octavia in the film Yahudi ki Ladki-33, along with K L Saigal.

She acted in many films like Shehar ka jadu-34, Savitri 37, Narsi Bhagat-40, Sasural -41. She acted in film Haiwaan-40, along with her two other actress sisters,namely Alaknanda and Sitara Devi. This may be the First Hindi film, in which 3 sisters played roles in one film.

It seems the mother of Alaknanda and Tara was different from that of Sitara, but the father was the same-Pt.Sukhdev. Alaknanda and Tara were not their real names. In fact, the real name of Tara/Tarabai was Triveni.

She married co-star Marutirao Pehelwan, left films and they settled in Dhule,in Maharashtra. They started a Dairy business. Their son was the famous dancer Gopi Krishna. Marutirao was already married, still Tara married him. His surname was Gawali (Milkman).

Soon they separated and Tara married a small businessman Sonthalia from Calcutta. We do not know why, but Tarabai returned to Bombay and started working in films. But now she was reduced to a Junior Artiste (Extra) and got only negligible roles. She lived in Bandra slum. There is no information about her after this.

Her son Gopi Krishna (real name Gopal )stayed with his maternal Grandfather, Pt. Sukhdev, who trained him in Dancing. Gopikrishna came to Bombay, with the name Gopikrishna Sonthaliya and stayed with Sitara Devi, but he was soon thrown out. He spent bad days,staying in chawl etc, before he became famous as a Choreographer and actor. ( some new information from RMIM forum, with thanks.)

Today’s song is sung by one Master Vithal of Sholapur. His real name was Vithal Channa. He used to sing Saigal’s songs and did many mehfils privately, to earn a living. This is his only song in a Hindi film. With this song he makes a Debut on this Blog, with all his songs covered !


Song- Aankhon mein paani kis liye zindagani kis liye (Iqraar)(1942) Singer- Master Vithal of Sholapur, Lyricist- Not known, MD- Khemchand Prakash

Lyrics

Aankhon mein paani ee ee
kis liye ae ae
zindagaani ee
kis liye
Aankhon mein paani ee ee
kis liye ae ae
zindagaani ee
kis liye

hans hans ke rulaane ke
hans hans ke rulaane ke
ro ro ke hansaane ke
ro ro ke hansaane ke
mil mil ke bichhohne ke ae ae
mil mil ke bichhohne ke ae ae
ban ban ke bigadne ke
ban ban ke bigadne ke
ye sapne kahaani kis liye
ye sapne kahaani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye
aankhon mein paani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye
aankhon mein paani kis liye
ye zindagaani kis liye

5 Responses to "Aankhon mein paani kis liye zindagaani kis liye"

The year 1942 so succinctly narrated covering all aspects. Thanks for
the post.

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Thank you.
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Thank you.
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Thanks for the informative post Arun ji

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Thanks, Prakash ji.
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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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