Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Mela mela mela jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

Posted on: January 8, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4922 Post No. : 16753

Today’s song is from the film ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947).

The year 1947 is a reminder not only for the Independence of India, but also for the upheaval that took place in the film industry that time. More than in any other industry in India, Muslims were plentiful, working in different sections and departments of the Hindi film industry. majority of them migrated to the newly formed Muslim Nation of Pakistan. This did create a lot of disturbance in the film industry. Right from the beginning of 1947, there were signs that soon the British would leave India – after dividing it into two Nations, India and Pakistan. When the month and date became known for the Partition, there was a great hurry among the filmmakers to complete their projects on hand and in process, compromising many factors like quality of the film, number of songs and such other things.

This resulted in the record number of films made in 1947 alone – 181 Hindi films and about 100 films in other languages in India. This was a record which remained unbroken till 1985, when 187 Hindi films were made. Thus from 1931 to 1985, this record remained unbroken for more than 50 years ! Obviously, this resulted in a big compromise on quality to achieve quantity with many films produced half heartedly. Most or rather many films made in 1947 remained obscure, unheard of and many flopped due to poor quality. Actually only few films were released in 1947, because many films were released in 1948 and 1949, with some films being released in Pakistan too.

Did you ever hear about films ‘Amar Asha’, ‘Angoorbala’, ‘Attention’, ‘Barrister’, ‘But Tarash’, ‘Chalte Chalte’, ‘Chandrahas’, ‘Daghabaaz Dost’, ‘Dehati’, ‘Ek Kadam’, ‘Gaurav’, ‘Giribala’, ‘Heera’, ‘Intezar Ke Baad’, ‘Jhalak’, ‘Jurmana’, ‘Khaufnak Aankhen’, ‘Lalaat’, ‘Mangalsutra’, ‘Moti’, ‘Sewagram’, ‘Stage Girl’, ‘Tohfa’ or ‘Utho Jaago’ ? Of course not all films were below standards. Some of the landmark films were also made in 1947, like ‘Shehnai’, ‘Mirza Sahiban’ and Parwana etc. However by and large the picture was like this only.

Today’s film ‘Dekho ji’ was also one such film. The producer/director,MDs, hero heroine and most actors of this film migrated to Pakistan, one after another in few years’ time. The film was made by The Punjab Film Corporation, Bombay. The Producer/ Director was Wali saheb. There were 2 MDs, namely Tufail Faruqui and Sabir Hussain There were 11 songs in the film but only few songs are available on YouTube. The cast consisted of Mumtaz Shanti, Anjum, A Shah, Haroon, Khatoon, Afzal, Dilshad, Mintobai, Gulnar etc.

When we talk of partition and migration of artistes from one country to another, only the famous and the well known names are taken. There were hundreds of small-time actors, directors, lyricists, composers, instrument players, chorus singers, technicians etc who were not known to many and also had migrated for various reasons. The other day I was reading a book, ‘Who’s Who: Music in Pakistan’ written by A Shaikh and M Shaikh. In this book I found several names of singers, composers, lyricists and above all instrument players, who shifted to Pakistan.

It is a well known fact that in olden times, the instrument players, chorus singers and orchestra players had personal attachments and preferences for particular composers and vice versa too. That is why when Ghulam Haider went back to Lahore after partition, he was extremely happy to meet some of his orchestra players in Lahore. In one of the interviews he had said that he felt like he was having a family reunion. He arranged a get together for all those people.

In the Hindi film industry, many partition immigrants came back to dominate and transform the scene here. Filmmakers like Sippy, BR Chopra, Yash Chopra, Ramanand Sagar-all India’s most successful commercial producers were also partition immigrants. Once heavily dominated by Muslim film makers, writers, actors and composers, the Hindi film industry changed drastically after the partition, only to again be dominated after 60-70 years !

Many successful film personalities had gone to Pakistan between 1947 and 1950, including producers like Mehboob, Kardar and Shaukat Hussain Rizvi – who went to Lahore with capital to buy the Hindu-owned studios. Prominent producers of Lahore like Dalsukh Pancholi and Roop K Shorey were forced to sell their studios and properties for a song and flee for their life to India after riots in Pakistan post partition. Some Muslim artistes returned to India after a few years when they realized that Lahore film industry had largely collapsed due to exodus of prominent Hindu producers.

The crucial role played by films in Indian culture could be seen in the refugee camps of Delhi where Hindi movies were shown for free for two hours every evening to all. ‘Film India’ magazine commented that there were more than 15,000 refugees from Sindh and Punjab in Bombay. It also suggested that good looking and educated women can be employed in films. Due to polarization, there was much inflammatory writing published in this magazine at that time.

However, as before and always Bombay film industry maintained its secular culture. A big rally, led by Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor was taken out on 2-10-1947 in Bombay. The entire film industry had joined in it and slogans like ‘Hindu-Muslim bhai bhai’ etc were shouted in the rally. Similarly, to pacify over one lakh refugees from East Pakistan (now Bangaladesh) in Calcutta, film artistes had led a rally in Calcutta at the same time.

The famous Music Historian James McConnachie said, ”As India marched into an uncertain future – in 1947 – film songs offered something unique: they helped creating a sense of belonging to One Nation, something that the divisive extremist right wingers in India, chanting ”Hindustan for Hindus” could never achieve. When Hindi film singers sang, nobody cared that Mohd Rafi was a Muslim or Lata was a Hindu Brahmin. Its great music bridged the gap between Hindus and Muslims, much better than any Politician (including Gandhi and Nehru) ever could achieve.” -World Music-The Rough Guide,Vol II,pp 106,pub.1990 by Harper.

Like many top class composers who migrated to Pakistan, there were some small time or recently started composers who also left, like Inayat Hussain (only 1 Punjabi film ‘Kamli’), Fateh Ali Khan (2 films – ‘Aaina’ (1944) and ‘Director’ (1947), Tufail Farooqi (2 films – ‘Sona Chandi’ (1946) and ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947)). Inayat Hussain of course became a legend in Pakistan.

Today we will talk about TUFAIL FAROOQI.

Tufail was born in Taran Taaran, Amritsar, Punjab, on 10-7-1918. After taking musical lessons from Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan for several years, he joined AIR, Lahore. He also worked with many composers. Finally, he got his first film, ‘Sona Chaandi‘ in 1946. Out of 12 songs of the film, he composed 10 songs and 2 were composed by DC Dutt. In this film Tufail gave an opportunity to a young but promising newcomer, who was struggling to get established as a playback singer – Mohammed Rafi. Rafi got 4 songs in this film and he was overjoyed at this break.

Later Tufail gave music to his second film- ‘Dekho Jee’ (1947). Here too he composed 6 songs and the other 5 were composed by composer Sabir Hussain. Actually, Sabir Hussain was his assistant and just to encourage him, Tufail credited these songs to him.

After partition,Tufail migrated to Pakistan along with family, with Sabir Hussain in tow, but had to struggle hard there too. His first film was ‘Barkha’ in 1953. Tufail gave music to 37 films, mostly Punjabi films and less Urdu. His film, ‘Bahadur Kissan’ (1970) had a song – ”Mera Sona Des Kisaan Da”, sung by singer Masood Rana. This tune was a blatant direct copy of the song ”Ye Desh Hai Veer Jawaanon Ka” from ‘Naya Daur’ (1957). The Pakistani song became a tremendous hit, not only with the Punjab farmers but also was played on Radio and TV often.

Tufail Farooqi’s sister was Master Ghulam Haider’s first wife (Umrao Zia Begum was his second wife), from whom he had a son – Saleem Haider. Later Saleem joined Pakistan Army and rose upto the rank of Lt. General. He retired in 2000.

Tufail worked till early 80s. He married the famous Pak singer Pappu Pukhraj in 1953. He died in Lahore on 25-3-1988.

Another actor in the cast, who was quite a popular comedian those days was A Shah aka Aziz Shah. He was born in 1910, at Sialkot. He did not have much schooling, except primary education at Lyallpur and at Islamia High School, Lahore. Due to his rich and sweet voice, he used to recite Holy Quran, on farmaish. He wrote poetry also.

He joined Saroj Movietone in 1930, under Mohan Bhavnani as an artiste at Rs. 40 per month. He acted in ‘Shakuntala’ (1931) and ‘Gul Bakavli’ (1932). He had to take a 2 year break, due to an illness. Back in Bombay, he worked in the film ‘Fidai Tohid’ (1934) as a hero. He gave music to the film ‘Gunehgar’ (1936). He wrote dialogues for ‘Mother India’ (1938) and ‘Daughters of India’ (1939). His first comic role was in Ranjit’s ‘Mirza Sahiban’ (1935). He became famous with his role in Punjabi film ‘Kurmai’ (1941).

His best role came in ‘Sharada’ (1942), as Munshi Udharchand Shikarpuri. This was repeated by him in the film ‘Keemat’ (1946). Some of his 11 films were, ‘Dhandora’ (1941), ‘Armaan’ (1942), ‘Sukh Dukh’ (1942), ‘Kanoon’ (1943), ‘Sanjog’ (1943), ‘Geet’ (1944) and ‘Ek Din Ka Sultan’ (1945). After 1947, he stopped acting and wrote lyrics in films like ‘Raat Ki Rani’ (1949), ‘Namoona’ (1949) and ‘Ek Teri Nishani’ (1949). After this he migrated to Pakistan and we have no further information about him anymore. Baburao Patel of ‘Film India’ magazine was his fan.

We do not know who sang today’s song, since the HFGK does not mention name of the singer.


Song- Mela mela mela jawaani chaar dinon ka mela (Dekho Jee)(1947) Singer- Unknown female singer, Lyricist-Wali Sahib, MD- Tufail Faruqui

Lyrics

mela mela mela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa
chaar dinon ke mele mein
kyun phire akelaa aa aa aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa aa
hoye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
Jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

joban par mat jaiyyo o o
joban par mat jaiyyo
ye harjaai re ae ae
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
dukh se mat ghabraiyyo
ye parchhaai re
jyon paani ka rela rela rela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela

jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
jab tak phool mein rang roop hai
tab tak
tab tak bhanwra doley ae ae
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
ab tak ambuwan daal hari hai
tab tak koyal boley
tab tak koyal boley
kaun kisi se khela khela khela
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
haaye jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
hoy jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa
mela mela mela
jawaani chaar dinon ka mela aa

————————————————
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
————————————————

मेला मेला मेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला
चार दिनों के मेले में क्यों फिरे अकेला॰ ॰ ॰
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जोबन पर मत जईओ
जोबन पर मत जईओ
ये हरजाई रे
दुख से मत घबरईओ
दुख से मत घबरईओ
ये परछाई रे
ज्यों पानी का रेला रेला रेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला

जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
जब तक फूल पे रंग रूप है
तब तक
तब तक भँवरा डोले
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
जब तक अम्बुवन डाल हरी है
तब तक कोयल बोले
तब तक कोयल बोले
कौन किसी से खेला खेला खेला
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला
हाए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
ओए जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰
मेला मेला मेला
जवानी चार दिनों का मेला॰ ॰ ॰

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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