Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Chadh Ke Sooli Bharat Maa De Jis Ne Kasht Nivaare

Posted on: March 23, 2022


This article is written by Sudhir, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4996 Post No. : 16893

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Blog 10-Year Challenge (2012-2022) – Song No. 35
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And Kavi Pradeep has written a couple of lines for people such as these. . .

kya log thhey wo deewaane
kya log thhey wo abhimaani

Lines that describe so aptly the young rebel lions of India – a group that came together to fight for unshackling the chains of the oppressive and cruel alien rule that had continued to serve its own ends, at the cost of the assets and riches of our nation.  A group that had members from all parts of the country, a group that was formed cutting across all the divisions and components of the society – Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azaad, Bhai Parmanand, Kartar Singh Sarabha, Batukeshwar Dutt, Ashfaaqullah, Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev, Ramprasad Bismil, Harnam Singh Saini, Bhagwati Charan Vohra, Durgawati Devi, Kishori Lal, Dharam Singh Hayatpur, Jatendranath Das, Sher Ali Afridi, Jai Dev Kapur, Shiv Verma, Kundan Lal, Mahabir Verma, Rajendra Lahiri, Thakur Roshan Singh, Sachindra Bakshi, Keshab Chakravarty, Banwari Lal, Murari Lal Gupta, Mukundi Lal, Manmathnath Gupta, Mohammed Abdullah, Gaya Prasad, Kanwal Nath Tiwari, Vijay Kumar Sinha, Prem Dutt, Des Raj, Ajay Kumar Ghosh. . . the list goes on and on in the pages of the history of the nation’s struggle for freedom.

Yes, they were “deewaane”. Theirs was a single-mindedness of purpose that put to shame even the word ‘deewaana’ itself. Bhagat Singh was a scholar of political ideologies, and his beliefs, his writings are wondrous gems coming from a mind so young. Violence was not his first or last resort, ideas and ideologies were. On 8th April, 1929, when he and BK Dutt threw two bombs in the legislative assembly in Delhi, they also threw leaflets explaining their cause and their action. The leaflet was written by Bhagat Singh himself. A line in the leaflet says – “It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the ideas. Great empires crumbled, while the ideas survived.” He went on to say – “पिस्तौल, बम, तलवार क्रान्ति नहीं लाते, बल्कि क्रान्ति विचारों की शान से पैदा होती है।” (Revolutions are born from the glory of ideas, not from pistols, bombs or swords).

And yes, they were “abhimaani” indeed. The dignity and pride of self-esteem was paramount. His belief in his right to freedom was steadfast. For him, violence was just an instrument for implementing and showcasing the ideas of freedom. To that end, even Gandhi ji has written in one of his famous articles in the magazine ‘Young India’. The article is titled ‘Between Cowardice and Violence’. In this, Gandhi ji writes,

“My creed of nonviolence is an extremely active force. It has no room for cowardice or even weakness. There is hope for a violent man to be some day non-violent, but there is none for a coward. I have, therefore, said more than once….that, if we do not know how to defend ourselves, our women and our places of worship by the force of suffering, i.e., nonviolence, we must, if we are men, be at least able to defend all these by fighting.”

Bhagat Singh himself wrote these words, when making a statement in court, during the trial of the bombing case –

“Force when aggressively applied is ‘violence’ and is, therefore, morally unjustifiable, but when it is used in the furtherance of a legitimate cause, it has its moral justification”.

After the killing of police officers Saunders in Lahore, Bhagat Singh and his associates escaped and had gone underground. When the plans were made to lob bombs in the Legislative Assembly, at first the group was against Bhagat Singh’s participation, because of his earlier association with the Saunders case. In the end, he prevailed and the group agreed to let him take the lead. The bombs were thrown, the leaflets were flung in the ensuing confusion. And it would have been an easy thing for Bhagat Singh and BK Dutt to escape under the cover of the cloud of smoke. But they stood their ground and let themselves be arrested. For Bhagat Singh believed that striking and then fleeing only ended up proclaiming them as terrorists. His purpose was to stand his ground, be arrested, and then get a visibility and a platform to expound his message to the public at large.

The trial of Bhagat Singh and his associates was, at best, a mockery of the Britisher’s own judicial system. The process adopted by the trial court was put in place through an unauthorized ordinance promulgated by the Viceroy, Lord Irwin. The ordinance itself was never approved by the Legislative Council or the Privy Council, as required by their own law. And it lapsed, even before seeing the light of approval by any authority.

On this fateful day in 1931, the execution was carried out in secrecy, and one day in advance of the announced schedule. The mortal remains of the executed heroes were removed from the jail premises in motor lorries in the dead of the night, and disposed of at an unknown place on the banks of Sutlej river, close to Ferozepur.

The news of the execution broke in newspapers on 25th March, 1931. A nation mourned the demise of the young rebel heroes. Gandhi ji said the following,

Bhagat Singh did not wish to live. He refused to apologise, or even file an appeal. Bhagat Singh was not a devotee of non-violence, but he did not subscribe to the religion of violence. He took to violence due to helplessness and to defend his homeland. In his last letter, Bhagat Singh wrote, ” I have been arrested while waging a war. For me there can be no gallows. Put me into the mouth of a cannon and blow me off.” These heroes had conquered the fear of death. Let us bow to them a thousand times for their heroism.

Subhash Bose praised the ultimate sacrifice with the words, “Bhagat Singh has become the symbol of the new awakening among the youths”.

Pt Nehru acknowledged that Bhagat Singh’s popularity was leading to a new national awakening. He said,:

“He was a clean fighter who faced his enemy in the open field … he was like a spark that became a flame in a short time and spread from one end of the country to the other dispelling the prevailing darkness everywhere”. He would later also write, “Bhagat Singh did not become popular because of his act of terrorism but because he seemed to vindicate, for the moment, the honour of Lala Lajpat Rai, and through him of the nation. He became a symbol, the act was forgotten, the symbol remained, and within a few months each town and village of the Punjab, and to a lesser extent in the rest of northern India, resounded with his name. Innumerable songs grew about him and the popularity that the man achieved was something amazing”.

Mohammed Ali Jinnha wrote,

“. . . he believes in the justice of his cause … however much you deplore them and, however, much you say they are misguided, it is the system, this damnable system of governance, which is resented by the people”.

Four years after Bhagat Singh’s execution, the Director of the Intelligence Bureau, Sir Horace Williamson, wrote: “His photograph was on sale in every city and township and for a time rivaled in popularity even that of Mr. Gandhi himself”.

The singular act of ‘deewangi’ and ‘abhimaan’ has made Bhagat Singh a symbol of willful resistance against injustice, in any form or color. These were the young men with a determination of steel, whose resolve to not apologize and not to sign a mercy petition, for their acts of unbridled bravery in the face of an oppressive tyranny.

And the world remembers them. Even more than the image of any other leader of the non-violent or the violent versions of the struggle for freedom, even today one encounters the image of Bhagat Singh staring back from the sides of trucks, rear windshields of cars and other private and public vehicles, graffiti and motifs on the walls in the most unexpected places. It is an enduring legend that has caught the fancy of the people’s minds, from generation to generation.

Ashfaqullah Khan, another legendary martyr who was executed in 1927, at an age of 27 years, for his role in the Kakori train robbery case, wrote this original verse,

शहीदों के मज़ारों पर जुड़ेंगे हर बरस मेले
वतन पे मरने वालों का यही बाकी निशां होगा

On the mausoleums of martyrs
Carnivals of celebration will assemble every year
This shall remain as the last vestige
Of those who sacrificed themselves for the country

Today’s song is from the 1963 film ‘Shaheed Bhagat Singh’. The verses are penned by Qamar Jalaalabaadi and the music is composed by Husnlal Bhagatram. The singing voice is not identified, and I request friends and readers to please help identify it.

The poetry in this song is in Punjabi language. In the lyrics section, I have attempted to also present the lines of poetry in translated Hindi. I seek apology if this translation is not perfect and poetical enough.

23rd March will serve to sustain the legacy and the memory of Bhagat Singh and others.

Lest we forget.

 


Song – Chadh Ke Sooli Bharat Maa De Jis Ne Kasht Nivaare  (Shaheed Bhagat Singh) (1963) Singer – Unattributed, Lyrics – Qamar Jalaalabaadi, MD – Husnlal Bhagatram

Lyrics

waareya jinen desh ton
bachpan ditti ghol jawaani
kadey wi saanu bhagat singh di
bhulni nahin qurbaani

chadh ke sooli bharat maa de
jis ne kasht nivaare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare
chadh ke sooli bharat maa de
jis ne kasht nivaare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare

dhan dhan sardar kishen singh
janm jide ghar paaya
thar thar dharti amber kamban
putt sherni jaaya
ghutti de azaadi waali
maata dudh pilaaya
bharat maa ne lai ke us ton
apni god bahaaya
kendi mere kasht nivaarin
je tu mera jaaya
pooja teri hove
mere dukh haringe saare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare
chadh ke sooli bharat maa de
jis ne kasht nivaare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare

public safety bill firangi
jadon banaavan lagge
hind lai ik navi musibat
hot jagaavan lagge
bhagat singh te dutt enaan nu
mazaa chakhaavan lagge
vich assembly baamb maareya
sab ghabraavan lagge
khabraan gaiaan london
gorey soch daudaavan lagge
hun na bharat sahe ghulami
kaaran kameti saare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare
chadh ke sooli bharat maa de
jis ne kasht nivaare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare

ona dinaan saandars kise ne
goli naal udaaya
kaatil os da bhagat singh nu
gairaan ne thehraaya
ik baamb da ik katal da
dohra case chalaaya
jhoothiaan lai gawaahiaan onu
faansi da hukam sunaaya
sun ke hukam maut da khidyaa
matthe vatt na paaya
gaj ke naare sheraan vaangu
inqlaab de maare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare
chadh ke sooli bharat maa de
jis ne kasht nivaare
bhagat singh kaumi parwaana
kadey na hind visaare

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics Punjabi words (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

वारेया जिनें देश तों बचपन
दित्ति घोल जवानी
कदे वी सानु भगत सिंह दी
भुलनी नहीं कुर्बानी

चढ़ के सूली भारत माँ दे
जिसने कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे
चढ़ के सूली भारत माँ दे
जिसने कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे

धन धन सरदार किशन सिंह
जनम जिदे घर पाया
थर थर धरती अंबर कम्बन
पुत्त शेरनी जाया
घुट्टी दे आज़ादी वाली
माता दुद्ध पिलाया
भारत माँ ने लै के उस तों
अपनी गोद बहाया
कैन्दी मेरे कष्ट निवारीं
जे तू मेरा जाया
पूजा तेरी होवे
मेरे दुख हरींगे सारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे
चढ़ के सूली भारत माँ दे
जिसने कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे

पब्लिक सेफ़्टी बिल फिरंगी
जदों बनावन लग्गे
हिन्द लई इक नवी मुसीबत
होर जगावन लग्गे
भगत सिंह ते दत्त एनां नू
मज़ा चखावन लग्गे
विच असेंबली बाम्ब मारेया
सब घबरावन लग्गे
खबरान गईआं लंदन
गोरे सोच दौड़ावन लग्गे
हुन ना भारत सहे गुलामी
करन कमेटी सारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे
चढ़ के सूली भारत माँ दे
जिसने कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे

ओनां दिनां साँडर्स किसे ने
गोली नाल उड़ाया
कातिल ओस दा भगत सिंह नू
गैरां ने ठहराया
इक बाम्ब दा इक क़तल दा
दोहरा केस चलाया
झूठियाँ लाई गवाहियाँ ओनू
फांसी दा हुकम सुनाया
सुन के हुकम मौत दा खिडया
मत्थे वाट्ट ना पाया
गाज के नारे शेरां वांगू
इंकलाब दे मारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे
चढ़ के सूली भारत माँ दे
जिसने कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कदे ना हिन्द विसारे

———————————————————-
Hindi script lyrics Hindi words (Provided by Sudhir Kapur)
———————————————————-

जिसने अपना बचपन देश पर वार दिया
और घोल दी अपनी जवानी
हम कभी भी भगत सिंह की
नहीं भूलेंगे ये कुर्बानी

चढ़ कर सूली पर जिसने
भारत माँ के कष्ट निवारे
भगत सिंह कौमी परवाना
कभी ना हिन्द भूल पाये

धन्य है सरदार किशेन सिंह
जिनके घर पे जन्म पाया
धरती और अंबर थर थर काँपें
इस वीर शेरनी के पुत्र से
माँ ने जिसे दूध में
आज़ादी की घुट्टी पिलाई
और भारत माँ ने उसे ले कर
अपनी गोद में बैठाया
उससे कहा तू मेरा बेटा
मेरे कष्ट निवार दे
तेरी पूजा होगी
जो तू मेरे दुख हर ले सारे

अंग्रेजों ने जब पब्लिक सेफ़्टी बिल
के बनाने की करी तैयारी
हिन्द के लिए एक नई मुसीबत
और जगाने लगे
भगत सिंह और बटुकेश्वर दत्त
इनको मज़ा चखाने लगे
असेम्बली के बीच बम्ब मारा
सब घबरा गए
लंदन तक खबर जा पहुंची
अंग्रेजों की सोच दौड़ लगाने लगी
सब कहने लगे के अब
भारत गुलामी और नहीं सहने वाला

उन्हीं दिनों पुलिस अफसर साँडर्स का
किसी ने क़तल कर दिया
और गैरों ने भगत सिंह को
क़ातिल कह के फंसा दिया
और भगत सिंह पर दोहरा मुक़द्दमा चला
बम्ब का और क़तल का
झूठी गवाहियां करवा कर
भगत सिंह को फांसी की सज़ा सुना दी
फांसी का हुकम सुन के वो खुश हुआ
माथे पर एक भी बल नहीं आया
और शेर की तरह गरज कर
इंकलाब के नारे लगाए

2 Responses to "Chadh Ke Sooli Bharat Maa De Jis Ne Kasht Nivaare"

What a brave man!!
Bharath Matha will always be proud of her Sapoots for their martyrdom.

Able translation, Sudhir ji.

Like

Reading the post give me goose pimples many times or almost reading each line.
Bhagat Singh and his ideology, his thoughts will keep inspiring generations to come. But then we have to keep passing his story to coming generations of this nation.
Each time whenever I read about Bhagat Singh my mind keeps asking me just one question. What gives a person this much courage, bravery, and motivate him for the highest sacrifice at the young age of 23 years only?
What people like me have achieved at that age and even after getting to live more than a double life of what Bhagat Singh lived? …..
Bhagat Singh we salute you and all those like you who laid down their lives for the freedom of this country.
Thanks Sudhir for this post and lyrics in Devanagri script and the translation.
Thank you very much for mentioning what the great leaders said on Bhagat Singh’s struggle, his ideology and his sacrifice.

Many many thanks for this post.

Like

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