Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Jab chaand mera niklaa

Posted on: April 24, 2022


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

5028 Post No. : 16936

Today’s song is a Non Film Song (NFS) – for a change ! It is sung by Pankaj Mallick. Lyricist is Fayyaz Hashmi and the song is set to music by Pankaj Mallick himself. It must be a song originally recorded before the Partition, because the Lyricist migrated to Pakistan after that in 1947.

Music in India can be divided into 2 groups.
1) Film Songs and 2) Non Film Songs.

Non Film Songs (NFS) as an all inclusive term and it includes all songs other than film songs – Bhajans, Naats, Geets, Qawalis, Gazals,classical songs and anything and everything that is not a film song. It may include the various folk songs, traditional songs sung in all parts of India on various occasions like Bhai Dooj, Rakhi, Holi, Sankranti, Bidai, Farmers’ songs during harvesting, even songs composed by Saints and songs sung by housewives while operating Home Chakkies, Naag Panchami songs etc.etc.

Music has been an inseparable part of Man’s life in the World. In India music is used whenever things needed to be remembered. I remember, in the 40’s and the 50’s, in our school days, the teachers used to insist on singing Poems from the books, in tune, so that we remembered them. Even the mathematical Tables and Pahades were recited collectively in tune,in classes and we never forgot them. That is why old people, even today, remember the tables of 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 1 1/2, 1 1/4, 1 3/4, 2 1/2, 3 1/2 etc. etc. For the new generations it is unbelievable because now calculators do all this without investing personal efforts. Great advantages and disadvantages too ! Simple calculations can not be done without calculators these days. Anyway, that is besides this topic.

Great singers and classical experts always had the Royal Patronage and for common people the traditional music and folk songs were there. After the advent of Radio in Bombay (23-7-1927) and Calcutta (26-8-1927), music came to the commoners. But even on Radio, for a long time, only classical music was aired on Bombay Station. However Calcutta station aired songs other than classical because they had plenty of songs which were sung during the Puja season. The origin of NFS was from the East. I used to always wonder as to why NFS singers were mainly from Bengal-Pankaj Mallick, Saigal, Jagmohan, Hemant Kumar, Juthika Roy, Kamla Jharia and even Talat Mehmood sang his NFS from Calcutta.

Famous singer of NFS, Jagmohan Sursagar has written in his Autobiography in 1985, about the Birth of NFS thus- ” In the initial stages Kamal Dasgupta was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s songs and compositions(Rabindra sangeet) were extremely popular, but were limited to Bangla people only. Ghazal, qawwali, Dadra, Naat, Thumri, Hori, Kajari etc. used to come to market but had a very limited listenership. These never reached the top.

” The fusion of Gazal, Dadra and Qawali with Bangla Geet style gave birth to Hindi Non Film Songs or geets. As such Geet had a known and accepted place in Literature, but not in Music. To establish this new Genre, Kamal babu used lyrics by Pt. Madhur, Pt. Anjum and Faiyaz Hashmi, got them sung by Jagmohan, Hemant, Talat, Juthika etc. Their records were inscribed with ‘ Hindi Geet (Hindustani Song) ‘. What thus started as NFS Geet from 1936 continued up to next 20 years non stop. “

However, in the course of time, almost all Hindi Playback singers like Lata, Asha, Geeta, Shamshad, Talat, Mukesh, Rafi, Nurjahan, Amirbai, Zohrabai etc. sang NFS. Some of their NFS became very popular too. The NFS started to be discussed on this Blog somewhere from late 2011. I remember AK ji and myself were the major vocal supporters of NFS on this Blog. Today there are 245 NFS, sung by various singers on our Blog. There are 75 singers of NFS. Some rare songs by Abhram Bhagat, Ashraf Khan, Master Vasant, Tamancha Jaan, Indurani etc. are also there. I think on the Internet, ours must be the only Blog providing such a feast of popular NFS-so many at ONE place. Thanks ATUL ji.

The contribution of singers, Lyricists and composers from Bengal to the emergence, sustainance, prosperity and decline is notable. Kamal Dasgupta and Fayyaz Hashmi played a pivotal role in the flourishing of NFS in India and were the earliest promoters of NFS. let us know more about Fayyaz Hashmi….

Fayyaz was born on 18-6- 1920 at Calcutta. His father, Syed Muhammad Hussain Hashmi Dilgeer was a very famous poet and writer of stage drama. He was director at the top class theater of that time named “ MADAN THEATER LTD.” He knew 8 languages.

Senior lyricist, Faiyyaz Hashmi, passed away in Karachi on Nov 29 th 2011. He shot to fame after penning lyrics for such non-film songs as ;Ye Raatein Ye Mausam; (Pankaj Mullick), ;Tasveer Teri Dil Mera; (Talat Mehmood), ;Dil Ko Hai Tum Se Pyar Kyun; (Jagmohan), ;Bhala Tha Kitna Apna Bachpan; (Hemant Kumar), and so many more rendered by the likes of Juthika Roy and Feroza Begum.

Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi is a legendary song and dialogue writer and above all a true loving person. He is by himself an institution and a common asset of the Indo-Pakistan film-world. His admirers as ever are not confined in national frontiers. Those fond of Hindi / Urdu songs anywhere in the world have affection for him. The emergence of this bright star was evidenced much before independence of India, when Fayyaz Hashmi, still a teenager wrote the most famous song “Tasveer Teri Dil Mera Behla Na Sakhe Gi”. It was recorded in the voice of Talat Mehmood and music was composed by Kamal Das Gupta. This song brought “Talat” to limelight. Music for most of the Fayyaz Hashmi’s songs recorded at Calcutta was composed by Kamal Das Gupta.

The dynamic achievements of young Fayyaz Hashmi and his clarity of expression by using simple words were greatly appreciated by Qazi Nazrul Islam -“Tum mann main doob kar mann ka bhed nikaltey ho. Aasan shubdoon mein mushkil baat kehna buhut mushkil hay”. His unique combination of Urdu, Hindi and Sanskrit words to produce a harmonious song thus became a guideline for the future poets of geets. The transformation of some traditional Bangla songs was also facilitated. He has also written songs in Brij Bhasa and Purbi. His pre-independence songs total to about 1000.

Fayyaz Hashmi wrote his first verse “Chaman main Ghuncha-o-gul ka tabassum dekhne walo – Kabhi tum ne haseen kalyoon ka murjhana bhi dekha hai” when he was in 7th class. As a student of 9th class, he was participating in regular “mushairas”. He got an assignment in the British owned Gramophone Company at DumDum (now called Jessore Road, Kolkotta) India. He served there during 1943 to 1948 period. At that time the average monthly production of record was only 16. Once all the records (16) issued in a month were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi- a record by itself. Some of the evergreen hit songs of Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi are quoted here:

1- Honton se gulfishan hain who – Aankhoon se ashkbar hum Talat Mahmood
2- Do Kafir Aankhoon ne mara Talat Mahmood
3- Dil ko hai tum se pyar kyoon Jag Mohan
4- Aaj use phir dekha hai Jag Mohan
5- Bhala tha kitna apna bachpan Hemant Kumar
6- Yeh Raaten yeh mausam yeh hansa hansana Pankhaj Mallick
(Also re-sung by Lata Mangeshkar as a tribute to the legendary Pankhaj Mallick)
7- Tasveer teri dil mera behla na sake gi Talat Mehmood
8- Ab yad hamein kyoon aati ho Hemant Kumar
9- Kitna dukh bhulaya tum ne Hemant Kumar
10-Maloom hay mujhko – ban Jao gi tum ek din taqdeer hamari Jag Mohan.

While in India, he wrote 48 songs in 9 Hindi films, namely-Subah Shyam-44, Meghdoot-45, Zameen Aasmaan-46, Pehchan-46, Krishna Leela-46, Arabian Nights-46, Giribala-47, Faisla-47 and Iran ki ek raat-49

He chose to migrate to Pakistan after the Partition.
In 1948, he was posted as recording Manager at Dhaka Center of the Gramophone Company and thereafter in 1951 at Lahore. He promoted many talents like Farida Khanum, Saeen Marna, Saeen Akhtar and Saeen Budha. He diverted towards the writing of film songs in 1956. “Kunwari Bewa” was the first film in Pakistan with his songs. He wrote more than 2000 songs for films and Gramophone Recording Company. He had also written stories, dialogues and scripts of many hit films like AULAD, ZAMAN KIYA KAHE GA, NEHLEY PE DEHLA, INTEKHAB, PEHCHAN, KHUDA AUR MUHABBAT, GHAREEBON KA BADSHAH etc. including “ HUM AIK HAIN” which was also directed by him. It was the first Pakistani film with 5 songs filmed in colour and as such a record in Pakistan film industry.

Every film, songs of which were written by Mr. Fayyaz Hashmi became super hit like SAHELI, AULAD, ASHIANA, SUHAGAN, HONAHAR, PEGHAM, SARTAJ, SHAREEK-E-HAYAT, EID MUBARAK, SHABNAM, LOVE IN JUNGLE, TOBA, SAWAL, LAKHOON MAIN AIK, DEWAR BHABI etc.

He received Graduate Award 3 times and also Nigar award for the best song in 1978 on “Chalo Achha Hua Tum Bhool Gaye” film “Lakhoon Main Aik”. He received International award in 1986 and another Nigar award in 1988 for the best dialogue of film “ Ghareebon Ka Badshah”. In addition to these he recounts about 11 Silver Jubilee Awards and 17 Golden Jubilee**. “Deewane Tere Pyar ke” is the latest film all songs of which have been written Fayyaz Hashmi.

The first compilation of his poetry was published as “ RAG RANG” in 1944 in India. His poems were published in various journals and magazines like Adbi Duniya, Adbe Lateef, Alamgeer, Beesveen Sadi, Shama (Delhi), Chitrali (Dhaka), Nigar (Karachi), Amar Jadeed and Amrit Bazar Patrika (Calcutta, India). He wrote many Naats and Qawwalis. He also wrote many National songs like (Ae Quiad-e-Azam tera ehsan hai ehsan” & “ Suraj Kare Salam – Chanda kare Salam”.

On the publication of his mystic verses, Mr. Raees Amrohi commented that “History of Sufi poets is indicative of a glorious future for them and Mr. Fayyaz.

(Based primarily on the article by Nadeemur Rehman, courtesy shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my own notes. )

Today’s NFS is composed and sung by Pankaj Mallick. According to a commenter on you tube, Pankaj Mallick has used the orchestra of Fransisco Casanovas in this song. You can hear many western instruments playing in the background. Similarly, Jagmohan Sursagar had also composed one song ” Kya maze ki baat hai” in his only Hindi films as a composer in 1955, wherein he used Waltz music.


Song- Jab chaand mera nikla (Pankaj Mullick NFS)(1946) Singer- Pankaj Mullick, Lyricist- Faiyyaz Hashmi, MD- Pankaj Mullick
Non Film Song.

Lyrics

Jab chaand mera nikla
??
Jab chaand mera nikla
us raat ki
us raat ke ?? chup thhe
?? bhi sharmaaye
chhaayin thhin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

un aankhon se kehte thhe
un aankhon se kehte thhe
aankhen meri khushi mein
amar ujaala ho
do din ki zindagi mein
phir kyon na tumhen paa ke
hum bhaag pe itraayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla

aakaash pe jab chhaaye
ghanghor diyaare(??) se
tab man ke gagan mein mere
chhitke huye taare thhey

jaadoo sa mujhpe kiya thha
jaado bhari hawa ne
gham mera mita gaye thhey
un honthhon ke paimaane
ab tak hai wo ?? baaten
hum hosh mein kya aayen
chaayin ?? ghataayen
Jab chaand mera nikla aa aa aa
chaayin ?? ghataayen

6 Responses to "Jab chaand mera niklaa"

Arun Ji,
Thanks for the post ,which I liked and I enjoyed the contents. Whereas Film songs get noticed and heard easily, I wonder how NFS reached the people ,in those days ( read Radio only days) ,for them to take note.

Like

Satish ji,
Thanks.
I am happy you liked the post.
From the year 1920 onwards, Gramophone was very popular in India. Not many people had it, but records were purchased by them and people enjoyed the songs. After few years, Hotels and restaurants started playing songs on gramophone for their customers. Though Radio came in the year 1927, still it was not available to people where no electricity was available, but gramophone could be played.
Most NFS spread through Gramophone and Radio and reached the common people.
I distinctly remember that many hotels in Hyderabad, upto almost 1960, played records on gramophone, as Radio had specific timings.
-AD

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Dear Guruji,

फ़ैयाज़ साब के बारे में जितना कहा जाये उतना कम है |

Many many thanks for an informative Post on the legendary Poet cum Lyricist.

It is said that Faiyyaz, who was fluent in Sanskrit, read Kalidas’ epic Poem “MEGHDOOT” in Original before writing the song “O Varsha ke pehle Badal….”. And what vivid imagery he has used ! Sample this :

देख अँधेरा पिया मिलन को चलेगी छुप कर कोई गोरी
बस तुम बिजली चमकाकर खोल ना देना उसकी चोरी

As you would be aware, it was after the recording of the song “तस्वीर तेरी दिल मेरा बहला न सकेगी ” in 1944, that Fayyaz realised that the words “keh na sakoonga ” did not make sense in this context and he wanted to change it to ” kuchh de na sakoonga “, implying that “your lips are of no benefit to me since I’ll not be able to kiss you”. ( Pl bear in mind that the Poem was composed in his teenaged years in School ). But it was too late and the disc had been cut. So, Hashmi extracted a promise from HMV that should they re-record this song ever, they should change the lyrics as above. It was some 20 years later, in 1965, when HMV re-recorded the song and, if you listen carefully, the word “कह ” @
02:55 has been replaced by “दे ” @ 05:55 in the Songs below

Finally, with your permission, I would like to place the Song below, from the Pakistani Film “BADAL AUR BIJLI” (1973), sung by Habib Wali Mohammad

[till the other day, the Video was available on YT , but for some strange reason, has been removed].

It is a wonder that the Poem he had written sometime in his College Days in Calcutta, had to wait so long to be recorded.

And although Fayyaz was fluent in Bangla (almost like a mother tongue) he never wrote in Bangla. They say it was out of respect for the fellow Bengali Lyricists of the day.

Thank you Guru ji, again.

With warm regards

PARTHA CHANDA

Like

Thanks for this additional information.
-AD

Like

Thanks for the lovely song as well as the informative post followed by very informative comments. I am giving the lyrics as I hear them in Devanagari.
जब चाँद मेरा निकला
छाई थीं घटायें
जब चाँद मेरा निकला
उस रात की
उस रात की एक चुप से
सौ रात भी शरमायीं
छाई थीं घटायें
जब चाँद मेरा निकला

उन आँखों से कहते थे
उन आँखों से कहते थे
आँखें मेरी खुशी में
तुम अमर उजाला हो
दो दिन की ज़िंदगी में
फिर क्यूँ न तुम्हें पा कर
हम भाग पे इतराएं
छाई थीं घटायें
जब चाँद मेरा निकला

आकाश पे जब छाए
घनघोर अँधियारे थे
तब मन के गगन में मेरे
छिटके हुए तारे थे
जादू सा मुझपे किया था
जादू भरी हवा ने
ग़म मेरा मिटा गए थे
उन होंठों के पैमाने
अब तक है वो मस्ती बाक़ी
हम होश में क्या आए
छाई थीं घटायें
जब चाँद मेरा निकला आ आ
छाई थीं घटायें

Like

Thanks for appreciation and Hindi lyrics.
-AD

Like

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This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

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