Atul’s Song A Day- A choice collection of Hindi Film & Non-Film Songs

Posts Tagged ‘Pt Indra Chandra


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Today’s song is from a totally obscure and unknown film – Draupadi-1944. It was a Mythological story set in Mahabharat times, underlining the ills of Gambling. This film was made by Baburao Pendharkar, under his own banner- New Huns Pictures Ltd. Bombay (Huns Pictures was owned by Master Vinayak. After it closed down, this was floated.) The first film of this banner was Nagad Narayan-1943 and after this second film, the company was closed.

The director was Baburao Patel and the film’s story, dialogues and screenplay was written by its Heroine Susheela Rani herself. 9 songs- all sung by Susheela Rani, were composed by Pt. Hanuman Prasad. Pt. Indra wrote the lyrics. The cast of the film was Susheela Rani, Badri Prasad, Mazhar Khan, Chandra Mohan, Anant marathe, Surekha, Kanhaiyalal,Leela Mishra and a host of small artistes.

Cut to 11-2-2014 Evening, Bandra-Mumbai

On this day, there was a function in a Hall, to release the book ” Sagar Movietone”, written by shri Biren kothari ji. The chief guest was Amir khan. I was invited to this function. Since I knew Biren ji earlier, I went to this function. Many stars like Amir khan, Anil kapoor, Vidhu Vinod Chopra and others from the film world had come. Among the honourable guests was a 95 year old singer/dancer/actress of yesteryears- Susheela rani was also present.I had an opportunity to meet her and spend about 15 minutes talking to her about our Blog and the ” History Recording Work” that we do here. She looked appropriately impressed. During that function, I also met Urvish kothari, Chandrashekhar Vaidya, Shishir krishna Sharma and also Nalin Shah for the first time.(He was of course with his trade mark white Fur Cap – a la V.Shantaram style). It was a memorable function, in which I added one more celebrity of films in my list having met so far. Sadly, within 6 months of this function, Susheela Rani left this world.

Susheela Rani was one of the very few highly educated film personalities in that era. More than a singer actress, she was first into film journalism and later into teaching music and dance for the rest of her life.

Sushila Rani Patel (1918–2014) was a classical singer, actress, vocalist, Lawyer, and journalist. She established Shiv Sangeetanjali, a school for classical music. She was born on 20-10-1918 at Madras. Her father- Madhav Rao Tombat, a Chitrapur Saraswat Brahmin from Karwar – was an advocate in Madras High Court. She did her M.A. and came to Bombay to become a journalist. Here she met Baburao Patel through a friend. He offered her a Sub Editor’s post in his Film India magazine.

In those days, Baburao Patel was involved with actress Padma Devi. When Susheela Rani became close to Baburao, she slowly ensured that Padma Devi made an exit from Baburao’s life.

Sushila Rani Patel began her singing career in 1942 when she signed a recording contract with HMV music company. In the early years of her career, she was helped by Baburao Patel. In 1944 she acted in film Draupadi and in 1946 in film Gwalan, playing the lead actor and singer. Both films fared poorly at the box-office. They were directed by Baburao Patel whom she later married.

Continuing with her singing career, Rani trained with renowned classical singers like Mogubai Kurdikar and later with Sundarabai Jadhav. In 1961 Rani and her husband Baburao Patel set up Shiv Sangeetanjali, a school for classical music. It was established to encourage classical music and also discover new talent. Some of her students were Pradeep Barot, Ronu Majumdar, Sadanand Nayampilli, Dhanashree Pandit Rai and Nityanand Haldipur. Shiv Sangeetanjali was later amalgamated into the Sushilarani Baburao Patel Trust.

Rani and her husband also ran a film business-related magazine called Filmindia, later to evolve into the more political Mother India. Rani and Baburao Patel wrote under the pseudonyms “Judas” and “Hyacinth”. Their column was called Bombay Calling. Almost the entire content of the magazine was produced by them. Rani would personally conduct interviews with film personalities. She was close to actress Madhubala, who had started acting at a young age, and taught her to speak, read, and write English. At the age of 45 years, Susheela Rani did her LL.B. and LL.M. from Bombay University and registered her name as a Lawyer in the High Court.

After Baburao’s death in 1982, she managed the magazine till 1985 and then it was closed.

In her later years, Rani was involved in a property dispute with the children and grandchildren of her late husband’s second wife over the ownership of their House. Rani continued to run her classical music school until her death on 24-7- 2014 at the age of 96.

Rani received the Maharashtra Rajya Sanskrutik Puraskar, and in 2002 the Sangeet Natak Akademi award. (Partly based on information from wiki, with thanks and my own notes.)

When you talk of Susheela Rani, you can’t ignore Baburao Patel. She was his third wife. Contrary to his wife, Baburao had not even passed his matriculation, but he was a highly learned man in various subjects on his own efforts. The name of Baburao Patel is known to every old film lover, but as a political commentator and a Member of Parliament, he is known to others. From the mid 30s to the 80s he was a name synonymous with daredevil journalism, superb quality English writing and an active Lifestyle. Add to it several marriages and countless children by legitimate and otherwise relationships.

Baburao Pandurang Patil ( he mas a ‘ Marathi Manoos’ and not a Gujarati) was born on 4-4-1904 ( a strange confluence of numbers, the total of all these digits also add up to prime number 4 only), in Masvan village, about 100 kms from Bombay, in Palghar district, in a Vanzara ( Banjara) community. When he was 4 year old, mother died, father remarried and family shifted to Bombay. He was put in an English school. However he did not complete his Matriculation. Lack of formal education always pinched him in life and he always respected highly educated people. He compensated by avidly reading books on Philosophy, Religion, Politics and Medicine. This gave him excellent command over spoken and written English language.

After doing many petty jobs. He joined ” Cinema Samachar ‘ a film magazine in Hindi, English and Urdu languages, in 1926. He never knew when he entered the Film world becoming a script writer and a director. He established his own banner ‘ Gandharva Cinetone ‘ and made 5 films as a Director- Kismat-31 (silent film), Sati Mahananda-33, Maharani-34, Baala Joban-34 and Pardesi Sainya-35. Later in life, he directed 2 more films- with (future wife) Susheela Rani Patel as Heroine- Draupadi-44 and Gwalan-46.

He joined D.N.Parkar, who owned New Jack printing press and who was publishing a house magazine ” Prabhat” for Prabhat films. He started his magazine ‘ FILM INDIA’ in April 1935, at a price of 4 annas(annual 3 rupees). From the first issue, it was printed on high quality art paper. The first issue featured a hand painting of actress and Novelist Nalini Tarkhud, from film Chandrasena, on the cover. There were many ads in the magazine, which promised “honest journalism and constructive criticism”, though in later issues his criticism was incisive, insulting and quite daring. The cine industry feared his reviews, but readers adored him.

In all this, Baburao’s surname became Patel instead of Patil. He continued with it. He hurt many of his fellow filmmakers and actors. In one case, Shanta Apte is on record having gone to his office and beaten him with a whip, for his defamatory and derogatory remarks in the magazine. Khwaja Ahmed Abbas joined him and looked after the magazine when Baburao went abroad.

Baburao married 3 times.First marriage was when he was studying. The second was with Shirin and the third was with his ex-secretary Sushila Rani Tombat- a konkani good looking singer and dancer.

Sidharth Bhatia has written a book on ” The Patels of Filmindia”. Noted author Manto also wrote extensively on Baburao. Bhatia says, ‘ Baburao had an eloquence and power of writing. He had a sharp humour,often barbed. There was a tough guy assertiveness with his venomous pen.” Baburao called Kalpana Kartik ” Pigeon busted”, Suraiya- ” Ugly’, and Dev Anand ” effeminate”. Meena kumari was ” like an inverted shuttlecock”.

His magazine celebrated 50 years in 1985. Baburao became an MP from M.P. in 1967 for Jansangh. One good quality of Baburao was that he was very kind to the poor and helpless people. Baburao Patel died on 4-9-1982.

Film Draupadi was a failure, but undeterred, Baburao Patel tried one more time to make Susheela Rani a successful actress, by featuring her in a social film Gvalan-1946. This time he chose well known artistes. She sang 8 out of 10 songs in the film. Alas ! This film also flopped. Good sense prevailed and no more attempts were made again towards this goal !

Susheela Rani was a good singer and I find her songs of Draupadi and Gwalan very good. However that alone was not enough for her films. Let us enjoy this song today.


Song-Bhaiya bhaiyya bhaiyya aao aao Mohan Bhaiyya (Draupadi)(1944) Singer- Susheela Rani, Lyricist-Pt.Indra, MD- Hanuman Prasad

Lyrics

Bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya
aao aao mohan bhaiyya aa aa
aao krishn kanhaiyya aa aa
aao aao mohan bhaiyya

bhari sabha girdhaari
jaaye laaj hamaari
kit gaye ho krishhn kanhaiyya aa aa
bhaiyya
bhaiyya

tum ne kahaan thha aaungaa
poojan ??unga
tum ne kahaan thha aaungaa
poojan ??unga
prabhu kahaan chhupe ho khevaiyyaa aa
bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya

aao aao mohan bhaiyya
bas hai itni vinti karni
aa dekh meri bikhri veni
aa dekh meri bikhri veni
sharmaa re
sharmaa re bansi bajaiyya aa
bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya

ab ant ghadi hai aayi re
ab ant ghadi hai aayi re
ansuvan ki ?? laayi re
ansuvan ki ?? laayi re
tohe bahan pukaare hai bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya aa
tohe bahan pukaare hai bhaiyya aa
bhaiyya
bhaiyya


This article is written by Avinash Scrapwala, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4600 Post No. : 16227

Blog Day :

4549 Post No. : 16134

The year that was … “2020” … we have finally come to the end of ‘Year 2020’ which has shaken the whole world and while people are trying to come to normal, the pandemics’ ‘aftershocks’ and its ‘new improved stains’ are still threatening to harm the humanity further.

Our heart goes to those who have lost their lives, those who have struggled and those who have faced difficulties in the ‘pandemic period’.
From that point of view all of us, those who will see the morning of ‘2021,’ are fortunate and should express our gratitude to the almighty, well-wishers, family members and friends, and to all them who have been caring for each other and maintaining social discipline to help the country fight back to this calamity.

Life moves on … and for people like me and like-minded music lovers this blog has been the main sources of motivation where we visited and enjoyed music to give us that much needed ‘therapeutic’ relief to forget for some time the harsh realities of life and sometime making us philosophical to think over and give a fight back or even to do an introspection.

Here I would like to highlight one comment on the blog by our regular inspiration Shri Manohar Lal Dave ji.

Suddenly it seems ONE DAY match for SHANKAR JAIKISHAN because there was no such T20 in their time. Thanks to Avinash ji, Atul ji…With SJ nearing 1K mark, the trio of lyricist-singer-composer in a song will be achieved and the BLOG will be complete in a sense in this gloomy year 2020. It will be an achievement for SJ to touch 1k mark first which they justifiably deserve like Sunil Gavaskar touching 10K mark in test.

I do not know how many of us have read this above comment and how everybody of us had interpreted it. But, for me it is a very big comment and while it also shares ‘feelings’ of many like me, it’s also the love for this blog and its magic that we are looking for our daily motivation here.

Regulars on the blog are aware of my (our) love for the railways 😊 When I came back from Kenya last year I had so many plans to visit my Mother (in Maharashtra) and other relatives and gang-outs with our team members, and thus travelling by train and relive the experience of train journey (after a long gap). However, fortunately or unfortunately it could not happen. The one ‘mini gang-out’ chance was missed on account of my health issues and after that the ‘lockdown’ happened and train services were cancelled. Secondly, then I got a job and it turned out to be the ‘shortest tenure job’ of my career. Meanwhile health issues continued and after some time they became ‘mind issues’😊

During this time where everything was looking going wrong the only thing I was doing ‘right’ (or I was able to do it correctly) was contributing to the blog with write-ups and sharing songs. It was like a retired person life or semi-retired life for me. (sabbatical is the other word – ‘Doctor’s terminology 😊)
Well, I was daily praying to the almighty to bring my life on ‘track’. (मेरी गाड़ी को पटरी पर ला दो भगवान्). And as it so happened the almighty got me engaged indirectly in the ‘maintenance’ of ‘tracks’ for all. (or मैंने उपरवाले से प्रार्थना की थी के मेरी गाड़ी को पटरी पर ला दो भगवान्, पर भगवान् मुझे काम ही ऐसा दिया के मैं सब के लिए पटरियों के मरम्मत के काम में हाथ बटाऊँ).
While the first job was around 35-40 kms from my residence the second one is 50-55 kms away from the city. Travelling for the first job I have to cross a over bridge on a railway line near the satellite station of the city and I used to see trains coming and going from a longer distance.
But now I am getting to watch the ‘tracks’ daily with those beautiful ‘track maintenance machines’ (innovation of the technology). Secondly a railway line passes around this place so I can watch trains coming and going. That reminds me of all the ‘train songs’ from our movies and specially ‘gaadi bulaa rahi hai’, which is a source of inspiration and motivation and how accurate are the words in this song …

dekho wo rail,
bachchon ka khel,
seekho sabak jawaanon
sar pe hai bojh,
seene mein aag,
lab pe duaa hai jaano
phir bhi ye ja rahi hai,
naghmein suna rahi hai
gaadi bula rahi hai,
seetee bajaa rahi hai

This has become my daily inspiration and motivation now.

Another good thing happening at the end of the year was the pre-engagement function of elder daughter 😊 (Sahir’s song always playing in the back ground in my mind).

So, the year ‘2020’ is ending on a very happy note for me on both home and work fronts. At work I have taken a new challenge but the daily inspiration and motivation – the train – with me. I get to read this tagline ‘the journey continues … with many miles to go’ daily now and it reminds me that the journey is still on … my journey continues…

And, that is why the today’s song is a ‘train song’ sung by Lata Mangeshkar and Talat Mehmood. It is from the 1955 movie ‘Do Dulhe’. Lyrics are by Pandit Indra and music is composed by B.S. Kalla.

On screen it is performed by a male and a female actress whom I am unable to identify, however Shyama and Sajjan are also seen in the picturisation of this song.

I had come across this song more than two years back now, when there was a discussion about train songs on the ‘Whatsapp group’ of Atulites.

Lastly, I wish to add about the other love of our group that is ‘cricket’. The year ended on a happy note for India as our team scored a win over Australia. The ‘year-ending’ also reminds me of statistics like most ‘runs’ or ‘wickets’ and ‘run and wickets double’ in a single ‘calendar’ year. If the scores in single calendar year is to be considered with reference to ‘write-ups’ and/ or ‘lyrics’ shared will be interesting to know (tnih) for the artists (as well as the contributors) 😊

Let us now enjoy this philosophical train song …

Video

Audio

Song-Jeewan ki gaadi chalti hai (Do Dulhe)(1955) Singers-Talat Mehmood, Lata, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD- B S Kalla
Both

Lyrics

Jeewan ki ee gaadi chalti hai …

Jeewan ki gaadi chalti hai
Kuchh rukti phir chalti
Jeewan ki gaadi chalti gaadi chalti
Oonchi neechi raahon pe
Yoon nadiya chali machalti
Gaadi chalti
Jeewan ki ee gaadi chalti

Koyi sukhi hai
Koyi dukhi hai
Koyi gaata
Koyi rota aa
Koyi gaata
Koyi rota aa
kamar jhukaaye khadaa hai koyi
Paaon pasaare sota aa aa
Paaon pasaare sota aa

Kabhi sawera hota sukh ka aa
Aa aa aa aa
Kabhi sawera hota sukh ka
Dukh ki sandhya dhalti ee
Aansoo aur geeton ki duniya
Rehti sadaa badalti
Aansoo aur geeton ki duniya
Rehti sadaa badalti

Gaadi chalti
Jeewan ki ee gaadi chalti

Jeewan ki gaadi chalti hai
Kuchh rukti phir chalti
Jeewan ki gaadi chalti gaadi chalti
Jeewan ki gaadi chalti gaadi chalti

————————————————————
Devnagri Script lyrics (Provided by Avinash Scrapwala)
————————————————————
जीवन की ई गाड़ी चलती है …

जीवन की गाड़ी चलती है
कुछ रूकती फिर चलती
जीवन की गाड़ी चलती गाड़ी चलती
ऊंची नीची राहों पे
यूं नदिया चली मचलती
गाड़ी चलती
जीवन की ई गाड़ी चलती

कोई सुखी है
कोई दुखी है
कोई गाता
कोई रोता आ
कोई गाता
कोई रोता आ आ

कमर झुकाए खडा है कोई
पांव पसारे सोता आ आ
पांव पसारे सोता आ

कभी सवेरा होता सुख का आ
आ आ आ आ
कभी सवेरा होता सुख का
दुःख की संध्या ढलती ई

आंसू और गीतों की दुनिया
रहती सदा बदलती
आंसू और गीतों की दुनिया
रहती सदा बदलती

गाड़ी चलती
जीवन की ई गाड़ी चलती

जीवन की गाड़ी चलती है
कुछ रूकती फिर चलती
जीवन की गाड़ी चलती गाड़ी चलती
जीवन की गाड़ी चलती गाड़ी चलती


This article is written by nahm, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4435 Post No. : 15872

S. Mohinder (8/09/1925-6/9/2020) : A tribute
————————————————–

Just as I was preparing this post for the birth anniversaries of both S. Mohinder and Asha Bhosle, comes the news demise of S. Mohinder. As I don’t know much about the music director, I was looking up on Google for basic information if it is available. I found the sad news and this news item.
S. Mohinder, among the last of the musicians of the 40’s, was born in Punjab on 8th September, 1925. The end has come just two days before he was to turn 95.

K. S. Shenoy Sir had made this comment to my recent post :

Nahm Ji, not heard this one before. Nice rendering by Rafi Ji.
At the beginning when I read that the post is about a children’s song, two songs immediately flashed in my mind
(Iconic) ‘Nanhe Munne….’
And ‘O mere pyarozameenke taro…’. Such beautiful song by Rafi Ji ,Asha&Sudha. Though not a sad tune, in the context of the movie it brings tears to my eyes.

He also gave the link for this song from the film ‘Zameen Ke Taare” (1960), which I found to be very sweet and poignant. Not just the mukhda only which Rafi sahab is singing, but the stanzas by two kids for whom Asha Bhonsle and Sudha Malhotra are singing. This was an unknown song and I heard it for the first time that day. It felt a familiar and dear song right from the first hearing. It is a lorry song also with the lorry driver, who is I think ‘Anwar Hussain’, the brother of Nargis. But his filmography everywhere has missed this movie,”Zameen ke Taare”, where he is getting to sing such a melodious song. The songs are composed by S. Mohinder and lyricist of this song is Pandit Indra.

Since I am doing anniversary posts regularly whenever possible, I decided to write a post for this children’s song for 8th September is the birth date of both S. Mohinder and Asha Bhonsle.
But that 95th birthday was not destined to be. So as a tribute to S. Mohinder I am reproducing a few lines from the famous song by the veteran composer of melodious songs :

mere liye sahar bhi aayi hai raat ban kar
niklaa meraa janaazaa meri baraat ban kar
achchhaa huaa jo tumne dekhaa na ye nazaaraa
haafiz khudaa tumhaaraa
guzraa huaa zamaanaa
aataa nahin dubaaraa
haafiz khudaa tumhaaraa
haafiz khudaa tumhaaraa

The famous song actually starts with this sha’ir byTanvir Naqvi :

Bhool jaana meri wafaaon ko
Bakhsh denaa meri khataaon ko…..

May the departed soul, rest in eternal, heavenly peace.


Song-O mere pyaaron zameen ke taaron (Zameen Ke Taare)(1960) Singers-Rafi, Sudha Malhotra, Asha Bhonsle, Lyrics-Pt Indra, MD-S Mohinder
Sudha Malhotra + Asha Bhonsle

Lyrics

aaa aaa aaa aaa
ohhohoho
hoooooooo

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
jaana tumhenhaikahaan
o gaadi waale
le chal udaake
maiyyan hamaari jahaanaan
le chal tu ham ko wahaan

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
le jaaungaa main wahaan

kaajal lagaa ke
lori sunaake
hamko sulaati thhi maa aa

pyaar se jhoomke
mukhde ko choom ke
hamko jagaati thhi maa aa

khadi akeli
baat nihaare
maiyyan hamaari jahaanaan
le chal tu ham ko wahaan

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
le jaaungaa main wahaan

kehna na maana
ham ne jomaakaa
hamko rulaati thhi maan an

khilone de ke
pappi le ke
hamko hansaati thhi maan an

khadi akeli
baat nihaare
maiyyan hamaari jahaanaan
le chal tu ham ko wahaan

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
le jaaungaa main wahaan an

ham roothh jaate
aansoo bahaate
ham ko manaati thhi maanaan

god bithhaake
laddoo khilaa ke
hamko rijhaati thhi maanaan

khadi akeli
baat nihaare
maiyyan hamaari jahaanaan
le chal tu ham ko wahaan

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
le jaaungaa main wahaan
o gaadi waale
le chal udaake
maiyyan hamaari jahaanaan
le chal tu ham ko wahaan

o mere pyaaron
zameen ke taaron
le jaaungaa main wahaan
aaa aaa aaa aaa
oh oho ho
aaa aaa aaa aaa
oh oho ho
aaa aaa aaa aaa
oh oho ho
hmmmmmmmmmmm


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day :

4389 Post No. : 15751 Movie Count :

4342

The job of writing on old films and music is not an easy one, as many people may be thinking. Normally, such information is not available at one place and even if it is, the same has to be cross verified by other documents or proofs of some kind. There are many books available on these topics, but just having a book and copying from it has its own dangers. The danger to your credibility is one and misleading information is another one. I am of the firm opinion that no book on these subjects is without any errors. Every book contains incomplete information – including my own book !

After a gap of 40 years, when I again turned to old films and music and started making comments based on my notes of many years and writing articles, I quickly realised that some of my information had become old, outdated and newer evidence had emerged to prove matters differently. Secondly, as I started collecting and reading several books, I got a different perspective to what I knew. New facts had been unearthed and established myths had been busted. I also realised that a major menace of ‘Same Name Artistes’ was causing a lot of miscrediting, misinformation and injustice was being done to real performers.

As a challenge, I started work on this project and in the last 5-6 years, I dug out credible, indisputable information on at least 35 such cases- involving about 80 old artistes, comprising Actors, Singers, Composers, Directors etc. From what I read on the internet, this project has helped film historians and is quoted by them in their works. Recently, when I visited another well known Blog on old films and music, I was pleasantly surprised when I read a comment from a reader, ” I believe Arun ji, more than what any site says”. I treat this as a certificate of credibility.

In the initial years like 2011 and 2012, some of the comments I made on this and other Blogs and sites are no more valid, because new evidence had emerged and today those comments seem to be totally wrong. But then History, be it of any subject, always gets updated as new evidence, documents, Interviews, Old books, Magazine articles, Newspaper posts etc. emerge and some old bits of information get a changeover. I will give just one example.

In 2011, I had said somewhere,” C Ramchandra and Vasant Desai gave music together to 3 films, under the name of Vasant Ramchandra” and it was accepted. However when a new book was published on Vasant Pawar, Music Director, it became known that he and Ramchandra Wadhavkar-another MD made a pair as Vasant-Ramchandra and gave music to 3 films. This was confirmed in the biography of Datta Dharmadhikari-the director of these films. This way, the earlier belief was proved incorrect and matters became clear and my statement became wrong.

Many such riddles were solved when new evidence cropped up or dug out. Riddles like
1. Who sang ‘ Dilli se aya bhai Tingu’
2. Who sang ‘ Bharat ki ek sannari ki…’
3. Who actually sang songs from the film ‘ Ummeed-41’ as Noorjehan…
4. Who directed films Pariwar-56 and ‘ Apradhi Kaun-57’
and many more riddles were solved when new information came out.

Dedicated workers in this field have done a great job and enriched the old films history. Information on unknown or less known artistes came to light. This is an ongoing process. Those who write on old films and music were not living in that era, so they have to depend on available information in books and other documents. The advent of the internet too has helped, but at times it also spreads wrong or incomplete information. Thus some famous sites too have become doubtful providers of information. Enthusiasts with half knowledge are a headache because they write without checking or corroborating. They simply copy from somewhere – many times out of context. I have kept my policy- ” Never write anything, which you can not defend “.

Why I am writing all this is just to emphasize the value of credibility of what we write. Readers must understand that gaining credibility requires hard work and investment in time. Fortunately, this Blog is famous for providing information which is tested and credible. This Blog is highly respected in the Cyber world of old films and music.

Today’s song is from an obscure film Khilauna-42. It was the first film made by Amar Pictures, which came into being when National Studios was closed. National itself started when Sagar Movietone merged into it. The film was directed by Sarvottam Badami. He was born in 1910 at Channapatna in Karnataka,to a revenue officer working in Mysore. He passed his SSLC and worked as a garage mechanic and then a projectionist in Select Picture House, Bangalore, both of which were owned by Dr. Ambalal Patel. Patel moved to Bombay and financed Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Film Company, and Chimanlal Desai as a partner forming Sagar Movietone in 1930.

At the age of 19 years, Badami went to Bombay to study automobile engineering. He was asked by Ardeshir Irani who met him at a wedding to help out with the recording equipment he had purchased from abroad.

Badami helped in the sound recording department for the first Talkie in India, Ardeshir Irani’s Alam Ara (1931). Around that time a German director making the Tamil film “Harishchandra” left half-way and Badami offered to complete it, the co-director was Raja Chandrasekhar, although the co-director credit has also been cited as T. C. Vadivelu Naicker. The film turned out to be successful. He was contracted by Sagar Movietone (Sagar Film Company) to direct three films, two in Telugu and one in Tamil: Galava Rishi (Tamil), Rama Paduka Pattabhishekam and Shakuntala in Telugu. The success of these films established him as a director. His working team had people like the cinematographer Faredoon Irani, music director Anil Biswas and the Sagar Movietone favourites Sabita Devi and Motilal.

Initially, to avoid embarrassment to his family he requested not to be credited in the regional language films. He did not know Hindi but from 1932-1947, he worked for Sagar Movietone and also directed nearly 30 films in Hindi, for many others. His first Hindi film was Chandrahasa (1933) starring Noor Mohammed Charlie. He was paid Rs 2000 per film with the complete film being made within Rs 50,000. He worked with most of the top actors of the time like Motilal, Nargis, Ashok Kumar and Pahari Sanyal. He brought Mehboob Khan who was then doing roles as an extra out of obscurity and gave him the role of Sabita Devi’s father in the film Vengeance is mine(1935).

He made several films based on novels. Some of the writers whose work he used were K.M.Munshi, Sarat Chandra and Ramanlal Vasanthlal Desai. The film Aap ki Marzi (1939) was inspired by the Hollywood film Paradise for Three (1938). He became known for his satirical comedies and “socially relevant films”.His film Grihalaxmi (1934), which starred Jal Merchant and Sabita Devi had the woman getting into marriage only if her doctor husband agreed not to want children. The success of the film mitigated the enraged public reaction at the time.

He showed his understanding of media publicity required for films when in 1937, Badami resorted to woo audiences by announcing cash prizes of Rs.500, Rs.200 and Rs.100 for the best reviews of his newly released film Kulvadhu (1937). The promotional gambit worked sending audiences to the theatres. According to an interview, most of Badami’s films didn’t survive as the negatives were burnt to extract the silver from the silver nitrate.

After Aap ki Marzi-38, he followed his mentor, Dr. Patel and joined Sudama Pictures, when in 1939, Sagar Movietone merged into National Films. Badami also worked in Famous Cine Laboratories, from 46 to 48.

Apparently, in 1948 Deputy Prime Minister Vallabh bhai Patel, who was then also in charge of the Information Ministry, on a visit to the Cine Laboratories Bombay, asked Badami to help set up a Newsreel and Documentary section. The Films Division was established in 1948. He became chief producer in the newsreel department and made several documentaries. He worked in the Films Division making documentaries from 1948-1952. After that he stopped making films and returned to Bangalore to retire as “I was a forgotten man in the feature film world”. He became an industrialist by starting a manufacturing business. Later he worked as a Consultant for Kamani Group of Industries also. He died in 2005 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

FILMOGRAPHY: 1932: Harishchandra; Galava Rishi; Paduka Pattabhishekham; Shakuntala; 1933: Chandrahasa; 1934: Grihalakshmi; 1935: Dr. Madhurika; Vengeance is Mine; 1936: Jeevan Lata; Grama Kanya; 1937: Kokila; Kulavadhu; 1938: Three Hundred Days and After; 1939: Aap Ki Marzi; Ladies Only; 1940: Chingari; Sajani; 1941: Holiday in Bombay; 1942: Khilona; 1943: Prarthana; 1944: Bhagya Lakshmi; 1945: Ramayani; 1946: Uttara Abhimanyu; 1947: Manmani; 1951: Vinoba Bhave (Doc);1952: Roof over the head.

(Ack: Sapnon ke saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Sagar Movietone by Biren Kothari, HFGK, muVyz, Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema, and my notes)

The cast of the film “Khilauna”(1942) was Snehprabha Pradhan, Jairaj, Prabha, Satish, Kanhaiyalal, Pratima Devi, Nagendra and others. Prabha and Nagendra may be new names for most people. Prabha Rajpal was from a respectable Hindu family of Punjab. She was born on 6-6-2015 at Ludhiana. Her father Rajpal was a high ranking government officer based at Lahore. All her education was done in Lahore. She was fluent in Urtdu, Hindi, punjabi and English.

Right from childhood, she was keen on working in films. Being an orthodox family, there was opposition, but despite all this she entered films and her first film was Jung Bahadur aka DareDevil-1935. After doing some films like Dilawar-36, Awakening-36, she left Bhavnani camp and worked in Minerva’s film Atma Tarang-37 as a Heroine opposite Sohrab Modi. She was very beautiful. Then she joined Sagar and worked in films like Gramophone singer-38, ladies only-39, Civil marriage-40. Later she became a freelancer.

In all she worked in 36 films in her career. She got married to a Cinematographer Virender Ahuja and settled down after the film Veerangana-47.
When her husband was one of the producers, she worked in film Shrimati ji-52 and then retired from films.
(Ack; Filmdom, Film Directory, CITWF, HFGK and my notes).

Nagendra Majumdar was the father of Music Director Ninu (Niranjan) Majumdar. Nagendra was born in a happy family in the year 1894 in Bombay. After his father died, “Pearl Dairy” established by his father ran very well doing good business. Suddenly, Nagendra’s wife fell seriously ill and despite taking her full care, she expired. Due to neglect of the Dairy in this period, Dairy also closed down.

He shifted to Baroda and worked as a State Police Inspector.Later he worked as Watch and Ward Inspector in Baroda Railways. He left the job and started working as a hero in dramas of famous dramatist R.V.Desai. Heeralal, the owner of Laxmi Film Company, Bombay was impressed with his personality and took him to Bombay in 1926 to act in his silent films. Thus started his film career. In those days Silent films used to be completed within a month. He worked as a Hero in films of Laxmi, Jagdish and Imperial film companies.

In the same year, he directed a film ‘Paani mein aag’-1926, made by Royal Arts. Then came two more films made by Kaiser E Hind films. He also directed films for other companies. In all, he directed 15 Silent films by 1932. By then the Talkie had arrived. In the next 14 years he directed 12 Talkie films like – Ras Vilas-32, Sassi Punnu-32, Patit Pawan-33, mirza Sahibaan-33, Mera Imaan-34, Kala Wagh-34, Rangila nawab-35, Kimiyagar-36, Aaj ka Alladin aka Alladin II-36, Lehri lutera-37, Talwarwala-46 and Swadesh Sewa-46.

When offers for direction became few, he started acting in films. He acted in 12 films. When K L Saigal came to Bombay, Nagendra wanted to work with him. In the film Tansen-43, he did the role of Tansen’s (Saigal’s) father and he was very happy. Other films that he acted in were Kanchan-41,Beti-41, Khilauna-42, Bhakt Surdas-42, Armaan-42, Tansen-43, Gauri-43, Adab Arz-43, Bharthari-44, Prabhu ka Ghar-45, Ghazal-45 and Dhanna Bhagat-45.

His last 2 films came in 1946, but his health was not cooperating for quite a few years. He gave up work and took a rest. However, he suffered from paralysis and died on 22-8-1951. His son Ninu Majumdar worked in Bombay A.I.R. as head of Gujarati programmes, since 1937. By the time Nagendra died, Ninu had already started working as a Music Director.

As a Director, Nagendra had worked with the best of his times like, Master Vithal, Zubeida, Jillo, Billimorea brothers, Madhuri, Navinchandra, Durga Khote, Jairaj, Sultana, Noorjehan sr and such luminaries of those days. He had worked for Ranjit, Imperial, Sharda, Lakshmi, Jayant Desai films, Yagnik films etc etc.
( Information for this, is collated from various sources like Listener’s Bulletins No. 40 of Feb-80 and No.145 of July 2010, HFGK, muVyz, Sapnon ke Saudagar by Vithal Pandya, Silent films by Dr.Verma, Lost Treasures by Kamlakar P. and my notes.)

Film Khilauna-42 was based on the Gujarati story by Vaju Kotak. Screenplay and dialogues were by R S Chaudhari. The film was released on 21-3-1942 at Royal opera House, Bombay. It did average business at the box office. The film’s review came in the Film India issue of May 1942. Baburao Patel did not have a good opinion about the film’s direction, but he praised Snehaprabha’s acting along with Prabha. The film’s story was about a jobless artiste and a homeless girl. The love story had some complications but the end , as expected, was happy. The film had 10 songs and today’s song is its best song, according to me.


Song-Nazron ke khel khele koi kis tarah akele (Khilauna)(1942) Singers- Khan Mastana, Snehprabha Pradhan, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Khemchand Prakash
Both

Lyrics

Dil unko dhoondhta hai
Hum dil ko dhoondhte ae ae hain
manzil ke paas donon manzil ko dhoondhte hain

nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele

??
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele

lut gayi main to soch lo
lut gayi main to soch lo

lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
lut(?) gaya ji main to sochna
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
utar gayi tasweer si dil mein
aa baithhi taqdeer nazar mein
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay
ab na aur samaay rasiya
ab na aur samaay

chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
chhalkat chhalkat ?? gagariya
??
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ghat ghat dolat hamri najariya
ek musaafir aaye
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
?? dekhoon soyi ankhiyaan
tanman mein ??

tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye rasiya
tanman mein aa jaaye
nazron ke khel khele
koi kis tarah akele
nazron ke khel khele


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4299 Post No. : 15558

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-1942. It is sung by G M Durani and the music is by Shankar Rao Vyas, for lyrics written by Pt.Indra.

Few years back, I remember, Dr. Surjit Singh ji had published a list of 7000 names of actors, who had acted in films from the beginning till up to the year 2000. He had found this list on a site which was no more existing. I had meticulously copied that list on my Laptop, in the year 2010. Since then, I have changed my Laptop 3 times and now I do not find this list with me anymore. God knows when it got deleted or was left out uncopied, sometime.

Of course, that is not the point at all. I wonder how so many people joined an industry which did not provide any security, nor did it assure continuous earnings. Leave aside the stigma of working in” films” in olden times, but this industry neither had permanent jobs nor a fixed income. Take a look at any film-Silent or Talkie-only a handful people were credited. Later in the Talkie films, this list became larger. One can see this in any volume of HFGK of 30s or 40s. But then, if you exclude the names which got repeated in films, the total list of actors may not cross 2-3 thousand,perhaps.

Barring the main and known actors, most other actors are not even identifiable for the general public. Names without faces! Such actors constitute the bulk of numbers in the industry. If you take a look at the cast of a film, more than half of names are unknown or known by only repeat value in many films. These names have no faces. Information about them is not available in any books. They remain only names, replaced by other names after few years. The extras or junior artistes who are seen on screens in many scenes, throughout the film are also members of the industry.

There are some groups on Fb, who have experts among them. These people keep on identifying obscure faces on screen scenes and name them. One glaring crusader in these specialists is M N SARDANA ji, who writes short notes about almost unknown actors seen on the screen as judges,lawyers, police inspectors, beggars, villain cronies and people in such insignificant roles. Hats off to him and people like SANDEEP PAHAWA ji, whose comments are lapped up by readers. I may be one of the dedicated readers of their notes and comments on Fb.

Like any other language, there are writers and authors in Marathi too, who write on old films and old actors etc from the vintage Hindi films. One such author calls himself ” Babu Moshoi “. His articles are published regularly in newspapers, magazines etc. He has written several books. His real name is Hemant Desai. Another such writer in Hindi and Gujarati is Vithal Pandya. I have many such books in my library. Through these books I get to know old actors and their information, sometimes. I get surprised at many names as I read about some names about whom I had never known. For example, do you know who did King Dashrath’s role in films Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43, or the role of Kanva Muni in film Shakuntala-43 ? Who was the actress in Kaushalya’s role in Ramrajya-43 or Ram Vivah-49 ?

This actor was I.T.Nimbalkar and this actress was Shanta Kothari (nee Shanta Kumari). These were artistes from Silent film era, spilled over the Talkie films. They started as Hero and Heroine, but shifted to character roles, as the time went by. In our film industry, such cases are not new. In fact such type of actors who remained practically unknown to later generations of audiences, were highly respected by film people during shootings. Their seniority and work was respected.

This is a very good practice in the industry, by directors and other actors to give respect to old timers. Raj Kapoor used to send his car to fetch Bhudo Advani for shootings of film Boot Polish scenes. Hrishikesh Mukherjee kept special chair for Master Shiraz, during the shooting of film Guddi. He also ensured to feature Shiraz in the film credits. These are only samples to stress what I have said. Not every such matter is published but it is a special feature of the industry.

I try to gather information on such unknown and forgotten artistes and write on them. Not everytime I am successful, but I have written about many such actors, directors, MDs etc. Some of them are Omkar Devaskar, Zunzar rao pawar, Ganapat rao Bakare, Shankar rao Vazare, Naseem Junior, Shamim Jr, Altaf, Urmila, Ranjana, kusum Deshpande, Vasant rao Thengadi, Jamshed ji etc etc. Today, we will know more about one such old time actor who was prolific and worked in films of Bombay and Calcutta.

I.T.Nimbalkar aka Indurao T. Nimbalkar ( he was always credited as only ‘ Nimbalkar ‘ in all films) was born on 6-12-1893, in Kolhapur state. This was the time Kolhapur was slowly developing as Kalapur (hub of arts) and the seeds of film making were being planted there. Baburao Painter, one of the original film makers had started his ” Maharashtra Film Company” on 1-12 1917.

Baburao, Damle, Fattelal etc were taught painting By Anandrao painter, who was an extraordinary painter of those times. All these people, along with V Shantaram, Keshavrao Dhaiber and few more also joined Baburao painter’s Maharashtra Film company. True that, film making had started even earlier in Maharashtra, but Baburao painter is credited with making films a form of art and spreading it on a larger canvas of India.

Indurao Nimbalkar grew up in this atmosphere in Kolhapur. He passed his Matriculation exam and also did a diploma in Printing. Nimbalkar was six feet tall and had a good physique. He was expert in riding, swimming and wrestling. He did 1000 sit-ups every day. Shahu maharaj, the king of Kolhapur encouraged all arts as well as development of lower castes. Arya Samaj had a ‘ Gurukul’ in Kolhapur. Impressed with Nimbalkar’s education and body, Shahu ji appointed him as Editor of the weekly ‘ Arya’ and secretary of Gurukul.

One day Baburao Painter, along with assistant V Shantaram visited his press and offered Nimbalkar a role in his proposed film Sairandhri. Shahu maharaj also permitted and encouraged him ,so Nimbalkar joined the film line. He was already famous due to his fiery editorials and now people came to see his shootings too. However, due to money shortage, the film did not complete. ( It was later made in 1919, but with different cast. V Shantaram made coloured Sairandhri in 1933 with Nimbalkar again).

Nimbalkar acted in many silent films like Baji Deshpande, Khazanchi (directed by Moti gidwani- England returned), Lanka, Kismet (directed by Baburao Patel) etc etc. After the closure of Maharashtra F. Co., Nimbalkar was invited by V Shantaram to do Vishvamitra’s role in its first Talkie film ” Ayodhya ka Raja” -1932, in Hindi and Marathi. After this, he did Jalti Nishani-32, Sairandhri-33, Maya Machhindra, Sinhagadh etc.

After this, Nimbalkar went to Calcutta on invitation and worked in films made by Radha Films, Laxmi Studios, Devdatta films and New Theatres. From 1934 to 1938, he acted in 12 Hindi films. He was provided a Bungalow, car with driver, servants etc. His son studied in local school there. Returning to Bombay he worked as an assistant director to Keshavrao Dhaiber for film ‘Nandkumar’, made by his Jayashree Films. Next 2 years he shuttled between Calcutta and Bombay. He did King Dashrath’s role in Prakash films’ Bharat Milap-42 and Ramrajya-43 in this period.

He was invited by V Shantaram for acting in his first film under banner of Rajkamal- Shakuntala-43. Nimbalkar did the role of Kanva Muni in it. He later also acted in Jeevan yatra, Subah ka tara, Parchhain, Teen batti char rasta, Toofan aur Diya, Z Z Payal baje. Earlier he did Aapki sewa mein, prarthana,Nal Damayanti, Seedha Rasta, Gokul, Apna Ghar, Maharathi karna, Seeta Swayamvar. He worked in pyasa, Mera Naam Joker, Amar prem etc etc. From 1928 to 1970 he acted in over 250 films.

His wife Sushila was also educated and looked after his home and children. She never visited any sets in her life time. Nimbalkar died on 17-1-1973 at Kolhapur. (Thanks to an article in book Chandraat-चांदरात by Babu moshoi)

Film Bharat Milap-42 was directed by Vijay Bhatt (12-5-1907 to 17-10-1993). The film was made under their own banner Prakash Films. Prakash Studios was built in 1934 at Andheri. The first film to be made there was ‘Actress’ (Bambai ki Mohini), written and produced by Vijay Bhatt. The famed torch of Prakash Pictures continued to shine over decades and in all, 64 films were produced in various genres, in black and white as well as colour.

Vijay Bhatt played an important role in the careers of some major stars. He was the person who gave Mehzabeen (Meena Kumari),the name Baby Meena.

He also gave her the first major heroine’s role in Baiju Bawra-52.Till then she did roles in B and C grade films. O K Dar Kashmiri was given the name ” JEEWAN “, when he did Narad’s role in Bharat Milap. Later he did Narad’s role in over 100 films. Suraiyya got her big singing role in Station Master-42. Manoj Kumar was made hero in Himalaya ki God mein-65.

Today’s song is from film Bharat Milap-42. This was a Bilingual film in Hindi and Marathi(as Bharat-Bhet). Main characters were Prem Adeeb as Ram, Shobhana Samarth as Seeta and Shahu Modak as Bharat. Durga khote was Kaikeyi, Vimla Vashishta was Manthara and Nimbalkar as King Dashrath.

The story of Bharat Milap is too well known and it is to the credit of Bhatt brothers that they kept the story line true to original,supported by several books and curators as well as scholars. This was the first major mythological film of Prakash and they did not spare efforts or money to raise spectacular sets, costumes and war scenes ( when Bharat is attacked by Nishad raja’s army).

It was a delight to see this film. There were no scenes of Miracles. I saw this film in its second run, sometime in the end of 40s, but the memories are still fresh. In fact this film became a benchmark for all subsequent mythological films, in my mind. Shahu Modak, who was Bharat in this film, was popular as Krishna in such films.

Editor’s note:-This song is the 200th song of Pt Indra chandra as a lyricist in the blog.


Song-Raam chale Raam chale ban chale Raam Raghuveer (Bharat Milaap)(1942) Singer-G M Durrani, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Shankar Rao Vyas

Lyrics

Ram Chale
Ram Chale ae ae ae ae ae
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan Janaki Janak dulaari
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
kahaan laadla Lakshman re
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
jhoole thhe jo phool hindole
aaj chale kantak ban re
aaj chale kantak ban re

ho gayi sooni
aaj Ayodhya aa aa
soona Saryu teer
soona aa aa Saryu teer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer
ban chale Ram Raghuveer

roko o o
koi roko o
rathh roko hey purwaasi
jaate hai punya pravaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi
hote hain kyun banwaasi

gayi khushi ee ee
aur rahi udaasi

Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Shree Ram ka rathh kya chalta hai
sab ko ye chakr kuchalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
Raghukul ka bhaagya badalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai
ugta sa suraj dhhalta hai ae ae
praan chale hain sang Raam ke ae
soona pada shareer
soona pada aa aa shareer

——————————————–
Hindi script lyrics (Provided by Sudhir)
———————————————

राम चले
राम चले ए ए ए ए
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ जानकी जनक दुलारी
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
कहाँ लाडला लक्ष्मण रे
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
झूले थे जो फूल हिंडोले
आज चले कंटक बन रे
आज चले कंटक बन रे

हो गई सूनी
आज अयोध्या॰॰आ॰॰आ
सूना सरयू तीर
सूना॰॰आ॰॰आ सरयू तीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर
बन चले राम रघुवीर

रोको ओ ओ
कोई रोको ओ
रथ रोको हे पुरवासी
जाते हैं पुण्य प्रवासी
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’
होते हैं क्यों बनवासी’

गई खुशी॰॰ई॰॰ई
और रही उदासी

राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
श्री राम का रथ क्या चलता है
सबको ये चक्र कुचलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
रघुकुल का भाग्य बदलता है
उगता सा सूरज ढलता है
प्राण चले हैं संग राम के
सूना पड़ा शरीर
सूना पड़ा॰॰आ॰॰आ शरीर


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusaist of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4234 Post No. : 15444

Today’s song is from a film having a familiar title – Lakhon mein ek-1947, but this film is hardly known to anyone. The title is familiar, because there were two more films with the same title, in two different decades later on. One was Lakhon mein ek-1955, which had a less known Heroine Asha Mathur, opposite a veteran Jairaj. It had music by Bhola Shreshtha. The other film was Lakhon mein ek-1971, which had an unknown (till then and later too) debutante Heroine- Radha, opposite comedian Mehmood. This film had music by R D Burman and few songs became popular for some years.

Today’s film was made by Ranjit Movietone- the film factory, owned by Sardar Chandulal Shah. The film had music by Hansraj Behl (7 songs) and Bulo C Rani (4 Songs).

In 1947, Bulo C Rani was employed by Ranjit as their in house composer after Gyan Dutt (37-40) and Khemchand Prakash (40-45). The film’s songs were written by Pt. Indra Chandra. The film was directed by Taimur Behramsha, who debuted as a director, with this film. Earlier he was a Cinematographer in Ranjit. After this film, Ranjit gave him another film for direction – Bhool Bhulaiyan-49. Then he floated his own company ‘ Taimur Art Productions’ and produced and directed film Izzat-1952.

The cast of the film was Khursheed Jr. (Meenakumari’s elder sister), Nirupa Roy, Ghulam Mohammed, Bipin Gupta and others. Khursheed jr, first entered the films, then came Meena Kumari and lastly Baby Madhuri aka Madhu. All sisters got married only to suffer in their later life. Their stories are pathetic. The handsome actor Altaf, was married to Khurshid. Mehmood & Altaf were co-brothers,being married to siblings Khursheed & Madhu respectively. Khursheed & Madhu tried their luck & appeared in few movies,but were not successful. Madhu, it may be recalled had a brief role in Manzil(1960).

Altaf was not as lucky as his co-brother- Mehmood or sister in law Meena Kumari. Although,initially he appeared in some movies as leading man in 40s, but soon he was relegated to play negative roles in films. Chhote Nawab, Ghulam Beghum Badshah, Sone Ki Chidia, Noor Jahan, Raja Rani, Char Chand etc were few of his movies.

Meena Kumari, Khurshhed & Madhu,it seems, were destined to suffer, in their second half of life. While we are aware of Meena Kumari’s last days, Khurshid & Altaf led miserable life & were forced to live in Jhopadpatti, due to financial constraints, after Meena Kumari passed away. Madhuri was divorced by Mehmood & she had to leave the house,to live the life in penury.

The music director Hansraj Behl is one of my favourite composers, though his name never came up in the A class composers. His compositions were very melodious, but his luck was very harsh with him. Many such cases, be they composers, actors, directors or singers, are known to us. When one sees their life stories and works, one is forced to believe that LUCK is more important than Talent, at least in Film Industry. This is Hansraj Behl for you….

Hansraj Behl (19-11-1916 to 20-5-1984), in my opinion,is one of those composers in film world, who composed lots of melodious songs. Unfortunately, he was also one of those composers who never got Big banners to work for. He and his brother, Gulshan Behl founded N.C.Films, on their father’s name-Nihal Chand- and produced B and C grade movies to which Hansraj gave his music. Hansraj was known as Master ji, in the industry. Only two people were known as Master ji…one was Ghulam Haider and the other was Hansraj Behl. Hansraj usually worked alone and rarely used any assistant while giving music.

Hansraj is remembered for giving initial playback singing breaks to Asha Bhonsle and Madhubala Jhaveri. He also gave chance to his own friend Verma Malik-Lyricist. Malik used to live with him initially, in Bombay. He composed music for 71 films from Pujari-46 to Badmashon ka Badmash-79. One film “Insaaf ka Khoon” was released after his death,in 1988.

Hansraj Behl is one of the music directors who became successful in the post independence era. He composed music for not only Hindi films but also for Punjabi films. Hansraj was born on 19 November 1916 in Punjab. He got his basic education in music from Pt. Chunnilal. Then he opened his music school in Lahore and he had some non-film records released under the label of HMV. In 1944 Hansraj came to Bombay to try his luck in Hindi film industry as a music director.

After one year of struggle he got his first film Pujari, made by Ardeshir Irani, in 1946. He got films like Gwaalan and Phulwaari in the same year, but all these films could not do well at the box office. Behl tasted success in 1947 with the release of Laakhon Mein Ek and Chheen Le Aazadi. ‘Moti Chugne Gayi Re Hansi..’ sung by Shamshad Begum and Mukesh from the film Chheen Le Aazadi became very popular. In 1948 he came up with four films – Chunariya, Mitti Ke Khilone, Pardesi Mehmaan and Satya Narayan, of which Chunariya’s music was a hit especially the song ‘Dil-e-Nashaad Ko Jeene Ki Hasrat Ho Gayi..’ sung by Lata Mangeshkar. The song which placed him among high class music directors was ‘Sab Kuchh Lutaya Hamne Aakar Teri Gali Me..’ sung by Mohammed Rafi and written by Mulk Raj Bhaakri.

In the year 1949, he came out with Chakori, Raat Ki Raani, Zevraat and few more films. Lata sang one of her favourite songs, ‘Haye Chanda Gaye Pardes Chakori Yahan Ro Ro Mare..’ in Chakori, which became very popular and it helped Hansraj to gain popularity among music lovers. ‘Jin Raaton Mein Neend Ud Jaati Hai..’ sung by Mohammed Rafi in Raat Ki Raani was a nation wide hit.

In 1950-51 he gave many hit songs with Lata Mangeshkar, Geeta Dutt and Suraiyya. Songs of Kisi Ki Yaad became very popular soon after the release of the film. ‘Koi Mujhko Na Bulaye..’ and ‘Tadapta Chhod Kar Mujhko Kahaan Tum Reh Gaye..’ both sung by Geeta Dutt and ‘O Jaane Wale Ye Kya Kiya..’ by Mohammed Rafi gained immense popularity. In 1952 he introduced Madhubala Jhaveri as a playback singer in Apni Izzat and Jaggu. Madhubala sang ‘Dil Mera Tera Diwaana..’ with Talat Mehmood and ‘Meethi Meethi Loriyaan Main Dheere Dheere Gaoon..’ (both Apni Izzat) featured her solo voice. In 1954, he again came out with musical films like Dost and Khaiber. ‘Aaye Bhi Akela Jaye Bhi Akela..’ from Dost (1954) sung by Talat Mehmood was among one of his memorable compositions.

He continued to give his best in films like Rajdhani, Milan, Miss Bombay, Changez Khan and Saawan. Songs like ‘Bhool Ja Sapne Suhane..’ from Rajdhani (1956), ‘Mohabbat Zinda rehti Hai..’ from Changez Khan (1957), ‘ Jab Raat Nahi Katti..’ from Changez Khan (1957), ‘Zindagi Bhar Gham Judaai Ka..’ from Miss Bombay (1957), ‘Haseen Ho Khuda To Nahi..’ from Mud Mud Ke Na Dekh (1960), ‘Bheega Bheega Pyar Ka Sama..’ from Saawan (1959) and ‘Tujhko Dhoondhu To Dhoondhu Kahaan..’ from Milan (1959) crossed all the barriers of success and Hansraj Behl’s name was on the lips of every music lover.

After all these successful films he continued to give music till 1969 but failed to give any hit because his later films were either stunts or fantasy films with little scope for having good music. His last hit song was an all time great creation ‘Jahan Daal Daal Pe Sone Ki Chidiya Karti Hai Basera..’ which was sung by Mohammed Rafi for the film Sikandar-e-Aazam in 1965. In all, he gave music to 71 films and composed 530 songs.

Hansraj Behl died of Cancer in Bombay on 20-5-1984.

Today’s song is a very melodious song sung by Hamida Bano. Singer Hamida Bano was born on 19-10-1928,in Lahore. Her family shifted to Bombay in 1942. Hamida’s elder brother Akbar worked with a Drama company. He gave her the initial training in singing. This kindled a desire in her mind to sing in Hindi Films. Those days,the well known,Actor/Director Master Bhagwan lived nearby. He once recommended her name to his best friend-C.Ramchandra. He was the MD for Bhagwan’s film ” Naghma-e-Sehara “-1943. He gave her a break with 3 songs in this film. Unfortunately,this film got delayed and was released only in 1945. Meanwhile,Naushad had found her and he gave her a song in film ” Sanjog’-43 and she sang her first released song with Shyam kumar.

C.Ramchandra continued using her in films like Bahadur, Lalkar, Manorama, Raunaq, Sawan etc. In those years C.Ramchandra himself was not very famous-till his HIT films like Safar-46 and Shehnai-47 etc. So Hamida was not much benefitted with these songs. From 1945,it was composer Bulo C Rani,who used Hamida Bano for some really memorable songs like in film ” Moorti”-45–badariya baras gayi uss paar. Then came Rajputani, Chheen le Azadi, Phulwari, Badi baat, Shahenshah Babar, Naseeb, Parayi aag,Preet, Devar Dharti, Nek Parveen, Neelkamal, Tohfa and Rimjhim. After 1950 her songs became less and she sang in Bikhre Moti, Rajput, Anjaam,and Majboori-54-her last film in India. She sang about 125 odd songs in about 62 films.

In 1956, she migrated to Pakistan. In Karachi,she recorded some songs. Then she settled in Lahore and became active in social work. Occasionally, she was seen in functions like ” Nigar Awards Function ” etc. She continued singing on Lahore Radio. Hamida Bano died on 20-11-2006 at the age of 78 yrs. Her last song in India was with Asha in Majboori-1954-“Tere poojan ko Bhagwan bana Man mandir aalishan”.

Enjoy this lovely song composed by Hansraj Behl.


Song-Hum tumhaare tum hamaare aao karen pyaar (Laakhon Mein Ek)(1947) Singer- Hamida Banu, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Hansraj Behl

Lyrics

hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar

gungun karen bhanwara pukaar
gungun karen bhanwara pukaar
kaliyon ne ghoonghat diye hain utaar
kaliyon ne ghoonghat diye hain utaar
aasha ne khole mere sapnon ke dwaar
aasha ne khole mere sapnon ke dwaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar

chanda se maangege kiranen udhaar
chanda se mangege kiranen udhaar
shabnam se le lenge moti ka haar
shabnam se le lenge moti ka haar
saajan ko dhoondhenge kar ke singaar
saajan ko
haan haan saajan ko
haan haan saajan ko dhoondhenge kar ke singaar
hum tumhaare
tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
dekho ji dekho ye kaisi bahaar
hum tumharae tum humaare
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar
hum tumhaare tum humaare
aao karen pyaar


Blog Day : 4228 Post No. : 15436

“Paataal Bhairavi”(1952) was a remake/ dubbing of a blockbuster Telugu movie of the same name. This movie was produced by B Nag Reddy and Chakrapani and directed by K V Reddy for Vijaya Vauhini Productions, Madras. The producers were the same people who were also behind the publication of the popular Children’s magazine “Chandamama”, which was published in many languages of India.

The movie had N T Rama Rao, S V Ranga Rao, C S R Relangi, Balakrishnan, Padmnabhan, Malti, T G Kamla, Laxmikantham, Hemaltamma Rao, Girija, Surbhi Kamala, Chitti etc in it.

The movie had nine songs in it. Three songs have been cobvered in the past.

Here is the fourth song from “Paataal Bhairavi”(1952) to appear in the blog. This song is sung by Talat Mehmood. Pt Indra Chandra is the lyricist. Music is composed by Ghantsala.

The song is picturised as a background song in the movie.

I am unable to identify the actors who are seen in the picturisation. I request our knowledgeable readrs to help identify them.


Song-Prem panthh ko chala musaafir ban kar deewaana(Paataal Bhairavi)(1952) Singer-Talat Mehmood, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Ghantsala

Lyrics

Prem panthh ko chala musaafir
ban kar deewaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana
Prem panthh ko chala musaafir
ban kar deewaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana
kathhin dagariya door nagariya
sambhal sambhal kar jaana
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa aa aa
aa aa
aa aa
kathhin dagariya door nagariya
sambhal sambhal kar jaana
laagi najariya baali umariya
na jaana pahchaana
Prem panthh ko chala musaafir
ban kar deewaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana

pyaar bhara hai dil maata ka
usko na bisraana
pyaar bhara hai dil maata ka
usko na bisraana
koi na apna sangi saathhi
saara desh begaana
Prem panthh ko chala musaafir
ban kar deewaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana

rang bhari dulhan ki aahen
dil ka dard na jaana
rang bhari dulhan ki aahen
dil ka dard na jaana
rahi tadapti shama akeli
roothh chala parwaana
Prem panthh ko chala musaafir
ban kar deewaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana
musaafir ban kar mastaana


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a regular contributor to this blog.This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day : 4176 Post No. : 15350

Today’s song is from the film “Aankh ki sharm (1943). This bhajan is sung by one ‘Pande ji’. I am neither aware who this singer is, nor aware of any information on him. The Music Director of this film was Vasant Desai, who was known to be a Talent Hunter ( He had discovered MD S.Purushottam and singers Desai sisters – Pramodini and Vinodini ). May be Pande ji was also his discovery. However in later films of Vasant Desai I failed to find his name again. Possibly he was a ‘one film wonder’, like many others.

The film was made by Wadia Movietone. In 1942, the Wadia brothers – Homi and J B H Wadia separated, when the elder brother J B H Wadia proposed that the company should start making Social films, instead of only Stunt films. Homi Wadia established his own company Basant Pictures and continued making stunt films with Fearless Nadia – who sided with him, obviously, in the separation. Much later, Nadia married Homi Wadia and she thus became Nadia Wadia !

This was the second Social film ( after film Shobha-42) that Wadia Movietone made after the split. It was directed by Balwant Bhatt – elder brother of Nanabhai Bhatt who was a veteran in directing B and C grade films.

All the 11 songs of the film were written by Pt. Indra Chandra. The cast of the film was Prithwiraj Kapoor, Kaushalya, Trilok Kapoor, Nayampalli, Nalini Gupte, Moti, Gulab, Himalayawala, Agha, Dalpat, Indira etc etc. This must be one of the very few films (or was it the only movie ?) in which Prithwiraj and Trilok Kapoor were acting together in one film.

An interesting name in the cast was that of NALINI Gupte. I said interesting, because, in Hindi films, as many as 12 NALINIs acted/ sang in films at slightly different times. Add to this list the name of a Male actor ‘ Nalini Ranjan Roy ‘, who, thankfully, acceded to the suggestion to change his name to ‘Kanu’ Roy. ( It is another matter that even this name clashed with another Kanu Roy, who was MD, in the same period…causing serious ” Same Name Confusion”. ) The different NALINIs were…

Nalini Tarkhud…..many films

Nalini Jayawant…many films

Baby Nalini…Mera ladka-43

Nalini Nagpurkar…Krishnarjun yuddha-34, Chacha Chaudhari-53

Nalini Chonkar… many films

Nalini Borkar…singer

Nalini Dhere… Nagad Narayan-43

Nalini Gupte…Ankh ki sharm-43

Nalini Mulgaonkar…Didi-48, nakli Baap-49

Nalini Rao…Talash-43

Nalini Saraf (later Seema Deo)… Anand-70

Nalini korgaonkar… singer

Additionally, there were actresses called SuNALINI and MriNALINI too.

These Nalinis did not cause any Same name Confusion, because, being Marathi artistes, they wrote their names with Surnames, so their names remained different always. Easily, this name is the most ‘appeared’ name in the Hindi Film History !

Another interesting name ‘ Nayampalli’ always reminded me of the ” Nampalli” Railway station… which is another name for Hyderabad Railway station. This actor Nayampalli was leading a silent life of a middle class gentleman, doing a 10 to 5 job and raising a family, when he was invited to the glamorous world of Films.

S.B. Nayampally (or Nayampalli) was working at the firm of Killick, Nixon and Company in Bombay, when he was discovered by film director P.Y. Altekar at a gym where Nayampally regularly exercised. Altekar felt that Nayampally very much resembled the famous French boxer Georges Carpenter and would be perfect for the stunt films that had become popular at the time. At Director Altekar’s urging, Nayampally joined Imperial Studios and was quickly cast in his first film, Wedding Night(1929), opposite the popular actress Jilloo.

When he arrived at Imperial to begin his first day of filming he was amused to find that the building now used for the studio had formerly housed the school he attended as a child.“Wedding Night was a stunt film of the Robin Hood type,” Nayampally explained in a 1964 interview. “It had a little more of a plot to it than many films of the same class. My next film, Hell’s Paradise (1929), I remember for three reasons. One, it was based on a real-life episode involving an Indian prince and a foreign girl, described as an adventuress. Two, Mama Warerekar, the noted writer, did the story. Three, the film had a kissing scene, probably the first ever in an Indian film.”

Nayampalli was cast in Imperial’s Noorjehan (1931), which was initially to be a silent picture, but because of the success of their film Alam Ara (1931), which was India’s first talkie, the studio decided to make Noorjehan partly with sound. Nayampally was not originally cast in Noorjehan, but a chance meeting with the film’s director, Ezra Mir, got him the role of Prince Salim in the film.Nayampally then played Karna in Imperial’s next sound film, the mythological Draupadi (1931), but the actor considered his best mythological role to be that of the wily Shakuni in Mahatma Vidur (1943), a part that was appreciated by critics and the public, alike.

As sound films came in, silent actors were being discarded in favor of those with stage backgrounds, so Nayampalli joined the Grant Anderson Theatrical Company which specialized in Shakespearean plays. After gaining some experience he tried to rejoin films, but without much luck. His previous roles had been leads, so he decided if he wanted to work regularly, maybe he should take a different approach and he offered himself up for character parts.

His break came in the role of a hunchback in love with the heroine in Ezra Mir’s Zarina which starred Jal Merchant and Zubeida. The dentures he wore for the role were created specially by a dentist named Jimmy Gheista who had trained abroad with the dentist who had made similar dentures for Lon Chaney.

Nayampally had learned early on how to apply make-up for his roles and, in fact, he became so good at it he eventually came to specialize in horror make-up, which earned him the nickname “The Indian Lon Chaney.” Indeed, Chaney, Erich von Stroheim, Emil Jannings, and John Barrymore were the actors that Nayampally most tried to emulate. Boris Karloff was another of his role models. He was able to put his make-up expertise to good use for the film Sair-e-Paristan (1934), where he was a vampire-like devil, and in Zingaro(1935), in which he played a monster created by a mad scientist, and then as a the hairy “missing link” in Zambo (1937) and its sequel Zambo Ka Beta (1938). For Kalkoot (1935) he created a make-up to resemble the wrinkled effect that Karloff had used in The Mummy(1932).

Nayampally continued working in films throughout the 1940s and 50s, particularly in mythologicals and costume pictures including Raj Nartaki (1941), Nagad Narayan (1943), Vishwas 1943), Taramati(1945), Urvashi (1946), Jhansi-Ki-Rani (1953), Durgesh Nandini (1956), Basant Bahar (1956) and Shiv Parvati (1962) His last credited film appearance was in 1970’s Priya.

After his career in films ended, he started making Documentaries. He made about 35 documentaries. He won ‘ Silver Dolphin’ award for his documentary in the International Film Festival at Teheran in 1970.

He died on 7-5-1994, in Mumbai.

In the cast, there is another name which, apart from being very unusual, belongs to an actor, who earned considerably infamy in his private life. He is Himalayawala. His name was Mohd Afzaluddin. He was born in March 1916, at Dehradun. After school education he joined his brother, Mohd Misaluddin’s firm – The Himalaya Drug Company, a leading Pharma company of repute (even today). He worked there for 10 years and after a dispute with his brother, left the company. He came to Bombay to join films.

First he had thought of starting a company, but looking at the situation, he decided to do acting only. His first film was ‘Kiski Biwi’ (1942), directed by MA Mirza. His name was changed from Afzal to A Himalaywala (since he came from the Himalayan town of Dehradun, like Kashmiri from Kashmir), by Shaukat Hussain, husband of Noorjehan. However in many films he was credited as Afzal only. He worked in few films like, ‘Vishwaas’ (1943), ‘Ankh Ki Sharm’ (1943), ‘Dost’ (1944), ‘Kismatwaala’ (1944), ‘Zeenat’ (1945), ‘Humayun’ (1945), ‘Nal Damayanti’ (1945), ‘Jagbeeti’ (1946), ‘Samrat Ashok’ (1947) and ‘Elaan’ (1947).

He was an outspoken and straightforward person, fond of hunting, football and travelling by car. He toured all of India twice in his car. In 1943, he married actress singer Amirbai Karnataki. After marriage he banned her from acting in films. Within 2-3 years, on this and other issues, they could not get along. He used to hit her and take all her money. At last, it was rumoured that he gave her talaaq after taking 2 lakh rupees and her car. Even after this he was stalking her. She stayed with her elder sister Ahilya Bai. Then one day, she was kidnapped by Himalaywala, from the recording room. She was kept locked in a room and beaten daily. She somehow managed to inform this to her sister.

Ahilyabai then got in touch with her acquaintance Mr Rasiklal Vyas and his brother Chhailabhai Vyas – one of the best criminal lawyers of Bombay. With their political and social connections, they forced the police to register an FIR, which was refused due to Himalaywala’s bribe. Meanwhile Himalaywala was alerted by his cronies. Within few hours Amirbai was escorted back to her sister’s place, by Himalaywala. All this episode is described in full details in the book ‘Aap Ki Parchhaiyaan’, by Rajnikumar Pandya ji. Amirbai later married Gujarati Journalist Badri Kaanchwala.

After partition, Himalaywala migrated to Pakistan. There the lady luck smiled on him and he did very well. Urdu film Shahida (1949) was his first film in Pakistan, which celebrated silver jubilees in Delhi and Lucknow.

Hamaliawala was in leading role in Pakistan’s first silver jubilee Urdu film Do Aansoo in 1950. He was main villain actor in the most of 1950s movies. He played the Akbar The Great role in musical film Anar Kali in 1958. His other famous moves were Kundan (1950) Chan Way(1951), Ghulam (1953), Gumnam, Ruhi (1954), Shoni(1955),Qatil (1955), Sarfarosh (1956), Saat Lakh (1957), Gumrah, Naghma-e-Dil (1959), Farishta (1961), Watan(1960) and Azra (1962).

He was seen in 33 movies, only two of them were in Punjabi language. His last film was Yahudi Ki Larki in 1963.

Mohd Afzuluddin Himalaywala married Begum Perveen, in Pakistan. He died on 1st January 1984 in Lahore. (Thanks to Film directory-46, http://www.pak.mag.com, Shishir krishna Sharma ji, book Aap ki parchhaiyan by Rajnikumar Pandya ji and my notes, for information used herein.)

Now let us see the video of today’s song. The singer on screen is probably Pande ji himself. This is my guess. I find this song scene funny. Prithwiraj is seen, obviously in sick condition. The singer is singing before him and telling him that ” tu do din ka mehmaan” ! What must be the sick man’s condition, hearing this ! But, after all, there must be some background also for this situation in the film, I am sure. With this song, Pande ji makes his Debut on this Blog, as a singer.


Song- Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan (Aankh Ki Sharm)(1943) Singer- Vasant Desai, Lyricist- Pt. Indra, MD- Vasant Desai

Lyrics

Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan
tu do din ka mehmaan
tu do din ka mehmaan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan
kal aayaa thha
kal jaayegaa
kal aayaa thha
kal jaayegaa
aaj ko soch vichaar
aaj ko soch vichaar
chhod ke bande
tu tu main main
chhod ke bande
tu tu main main
apna kaaj sudhaar
dhar murlidhar ka dhyaan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan

kya lena hai
kya dena hai
kya lena hai
kya dena hai
kyon jhoothha janjaal
kyon jhoothha janjaal
bair birodh bisaar ke bande
bair birodh bisaar ke bande
bhaj Giridhar Gopal
bhaj Giridhar Gopal
bhaj Giridhar Gopal
nar kar jag ka kalyaan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan
Bhai bhaj le shri Bhagwan


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws.

Blog Day :

4133 Post No. : 15292 Movie Count :

4212

Today’s song is from a bilingual ( Hindi/Gujarati) film Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. I was not aware of who Bodana was. I was knowing about films Krishna Bhakta Sudama-80, as well as films Krishna-Sudama-1933, 1947, 1957, and 1979, but Bodana was an unfamiliar name to me. I came to know about this film first time in 2014, but I just ignored it.

Recently, when one of my friends from another country sent me a rare song from this film, I got curious about it and started searching for information about the film, about Bodana and the making of this film.

During my last 6 years of writing on old films and music, I was fortunate to discover some rare “Pearls”, like singer Abhram Bhagat or singer Tamancha Jaan from Lahore’s Heera Mandi. I had heard the bhajans of Abhram Bhagat when I was about 9-10 year old, when my father brought home a record of his Bhajan – “Haath chakra trishul Sadashiv, alakh jagaate hain nagari mein”. This Bhajan became a favourite in our family and we had that record for many years.

In the year 2012 – after over 60 years – I bumped into this song on You Tube, but before I could download it, the song disappeared, only to reappear in 2013. This time, I noted that it was uploaded by a music lover from Australia. Anyway, I got that song, collected information about Abhram Bhagat and wrote a detailed article on him, which was posted here on 20th April 2013.

The other name Tamancha Jaan, was first noticed by me when I read a book by Pran Neville, on his memoires of Lahore, namely “Lahore – A sentimental journey”. By coincidence, her name popped up again in another book by Anupama Dutt also. This aroused my interest and I collected information oh her. Based on it, I wrote an article on Tamancha Jaan of Lahore, which was posted here on 21-6-2014.

The third singer I discovered was Master Vasant Amrit of Surat – a revolutionary poet singer , when I read a book “Aap ki Parchhainyan” written by five times winner of state Academy Awards of Gujarat- Shri Rajnikumar Pandya ji of Ahmedabad. I wrote a detailed article on the singer, which was posted here on 20-7-2014. The book had mentioned that Master Vasant Amrit had acted in only one Hindi film – Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. Now, when I received the rare song of this film, from my friend, I remembered this reference and felt very glad.

Film KBB (Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44) was a Wadia movietone film, directed by JBH Wadia. Wadia brothers were actually famous for making Stunt/Action, Fantasy and Costume drama films. JBH Wadia, who was the elder of the two, judged that Genres of such films had a short life, whereas the Genres of Social films had a longer life. So, he proposed that Wadia Movietone start making Social films, rather than making only stunt films hereafter. The younger brother Homi Wadia, had opposite opinions. He insisted on continuing with stunt films.

On this issue, the brothers separated and Homi Wadia started his own “Basant Pictures”, in 1942. All the action film artistes, including their Heroine Fearless Nadia joined Homi Wadia and he blissfully continued making stunt films with Nadia. JBH Wadia, true to his belief, made social films. Film KBB was also one of such films advocated by JBH Wadia. It was based on a folk tale of Gujarat, about a staunch devotee of Krishna – Vijayanand Bodana, who is credited as one responsible for establishing the Ranchhod Rai temple at Dakore in Kheda district (about 30 kms away from Anand-the seat of AMUL).

The film was made in Gujarati and Hindi. For the main lead role, Master Vasant Amrit of Surat was chosen, because he had become a legendary revolutionary poet singer , in those years, in Gujarat. For detailed information on Master Vasant Amrit, please read my article on this Blog. JBH Wadia had directed the film. Pt. Indra had written all the 9 songs and the music was composed by Avinash Vyas and Shankar rao Vyas. The cast of the film consisted of Master Vasant Amrit, Rani Premlata, Meera, Badripershad, Gulab, Nayampalli etc.etc.

The female lead in this film , Rani Premlata was a well known Gujarati stage and film actress of Gujarat. She had acted only in 2 Hindi film. The first was film “Prem ki Devi”-36, made by Star Films of Calcutta. The other one was KBB-44 in Bombay. She also acted in 11 Gujarati films, starting from Janeta-47 to Raja Bhartruhari-49. No further information is available on her anywhere. The above information is given by Harish Raghuwanshi ji, whom I must thank heartily. Now, let us know who was Bodana and how the temple at Dakore got established.

The present Dakor owes its raison d’etre not to Dank Rishi but to Bodana, a great devotee of Lord Krishna. In his previous birth, he is supposed to have lived in Gokul and been a cowherd called Vijayanand. On one ‘Holy’ day, all the cowherds except Vijyanand worshipped Lord Krishna. His wife too worshipped Lord Krishna. But Vijayanand was proud and stayed at home. Lord Krishna came to his house in disguise of his friend and sent him to perform ‘Holi’ puja. Coming back, he realised that his friend was none else but Lord Krishna. Next day they fought a battle of colour. Lord Krishna lost and fell into the river. Vijyanand went after him where Lord Krishna revealed his true self. Vijyanand begged forgiveness. Lord Krishna took pity on him and solaced him with a boon that he would be born in Gujarat again in Kaliyug after 4200 years as Vijayanand Bodana in the house of a Kshatriya and his present wife Sudha would again be his wife, called Gangabai, when he will give them a glimpse (darshna) and relieve them by offering them emancipation (Moksha).

So as the legend would have it, ‘Vijayanand Bodana’, a Rajput of Dakor, becomes a staunch devotee of Lord Krishna. He used to let the basil plant (Tulsi) grow in an earthen pot with him on his palm and used to go every six months to Dwarika to worship Lord Krishna with the said Tulsi leaves. He did this continuously, unfailingly and untiringly till he was 72 years he then began to find it increasingly difficult to pursue this ritual. Seeing his plight, Lord Krishna told him that on his ensuing visit to Dwarika, he should bring a bullock-cart with him and Lord Krishna would accompany him to Dakor as he was exceedingly pleased with his devotion.

Accordingly, Bodana went with bullock-cart to Dwarika. Hindu Vaghers who were the 1st hereditary priests of Dwarika handled over the temple to gugli Brahmins due to their indulgence in fighting freedom wars against British empire. So these 2nd priest tribe of Dwarika (Gugli Brahmins) asked Bodana as to why he had brought a cart with him. Whereupon, Bodana replied that he had done so to take away Lord Krishna. Looking to the ramshackle cart, they did not believe him but nevertheless locked and sealed the sanctum sanctorum of Dwarika Temple for the night. At midnight, Lord Krishna broke open all the doors, awoke Bodana and told him to take him to Dakor. Shortly afterwards, Lord Krishna called upon Bodana to rest in the bullock-cart and drove the cart himself till they reached the vicinity of Dakor. Here (near Bileshwar Mahadev on Dakor-Nadiad road) they rested for some time, touching and holding a branch of Neem tree. He woke up Bodana and asked him to take over. Since that day, this Neem tree is found to have one sweet branch though the rest of the branches are bitter and it forms the subject of a well-known Gujarati song (bhajan).

In Dwarika, the Gugli Brahmins finding the image missing chased Bodana and came to Dakor in pursuit. Bodana was frightened but Lord Krishna told him to hide the idol of the deity in the Gomti tank and meet the Guglis. Accordingly, Bodana hid the idol and went to meet the Guglis with a pot of curd to pacify them. They became angry and one of them threw a spear at him. He fell down dead. While hurting Bodana with a spear, it also hurt the image of the deity hidden in Gomti tank and the water turned red with Lord Krishna’s (Ranchhodraiji’s) blood. It is said that even today the earth of Gomti tank where the image lay is red while rest of the tank is of brown mud.

In the midst of Gomti tank, over the place where Lord Krishna was hidden, a small temple having the Lord’s foot-prints is constructed and this temple is linked with the bank of Gomti Tank by a bridge. Even with the death of Bodana, the Guglis were not appeased. Requesting Lord Krishna to return to Dwarika, they sat on the bank of Gomti tank and went on a hunger strike.

At last, Lord Ranchhodraiji (Krishna) directed Gangabai, wife of Bodana, to give gold equivalent of his weight and ask the Guglis to return to Dwarika. Poor lady, the widow of Bodana, was a pauper and could not afford to do so. By a miracle, the idol became as light as a golden nose-ring (1, 1/4 val i.e.1/2 gram in weight) which was all that the widow of Bodana Gangabai had.

The Guglis were disappointed but the Lord mercifully directed that they would find after six months an exact replica of the idol in Savitri Vav at Dwarika. The impatient Guglis looked for the idol sometime earlier than they were told and as a result, found an idol which, though similar to the original one, was smaller, Pilgrims to Dakor still visit the places stated to have been associated with the legend viz. Where the branch of Neem tree under which Lord rested while coming to Dankpur subsequently turned sweet; where the idol was hidden in the Gomti tank; whereon the balance was set up to weigh the original idol which Bodana had enshrined. ( thanks to blessingsonthenet.com and wiki for above adapted information.)

So, here is the rare song from film Krishna Bhakta Bodana-44. It is sung by Manna Dey. Thanks to Sadanand Kamath ji for uploading this song, on my request. I do hope you will all like this song.


Song- Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba (Krishnbhakta Bodana)(1944) Singer-Manna Dey, Lyrics- Pt Indra, MD- Shankar rao Vyas
Chorus

Lyrics

Sambhal sambhal pag dharna aa baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

garv abhimaan kare kyun moorakh
garv abhimaan kare kyun moorakh
ant sabhi ko marna baaba
ant sabhi ko marna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

daata tera hisaab lega
daata tera hisaab lega
bande tu kya jawaab dega
bande tu kya jawaab dega
jhoothh kapat ka bhaar hai sar par
jhoothh kapat ka bhaar hai sar par
kaise paar utarna baaba
kaise paar utarna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna

sundar kanchan kaaya teri
sundar kanchan kaaya teri
ik din hoye bhasam ki dhheri
ik din hoye bhasam ki dhheri
saadhu sant ki sewa karna
saadhu sant ki sewa karna
paap karam se darna baaba
paap karam se darna baaba
chala chali ke jag mein baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna baaba
Sambhal sambhal pag dharna


This article is written by Arunkumar Deshmukh, a fellow enthusiast of Hindi movie music and a contributor to this blog. This article is meant to be posted in atulsongaday.me. If this article appears in other sites without the knowledge and consent of the web administrator of atulsongaday.me, then it is piracy of the copyright content of atulsongaday.me and is a punishable offence under the existing laws

Blog Day : 4113 Post No. : 15264

Today’s song is from an old film Ek hi Rasta-39. The film was made by Sagar movietone. It was directed by Mehboob Khan and the music was by Anil Biswas. These two legends actually established themselves in the cinema industry through Sagar Movietyone, which rightly included their names in their list of ” Jewels of Sagar “.

Anil Biswas (7-7-1914 to 31-5-2003), however, had already done 9 films as a Music Director (Dharam ki Devi-35, Bharat ki Beti-35, Bal hatya-35, Shokh Dilruba-36, Sher ka panja-36, Sangdil Samaj-36, Prem Bandhan-36, Pratima -36 and Pyar ki Jogan-36) before coming to Saqgar Movietone. Of course, none of these films were famous or hits. He got success with his film Manmohan–36 from Sagar, first time. The film was also a Milestone for Sagar. Director Mehboob Khan (9-9-1907 to 28-5-1964) also had already directed one film – Al Hilal-35 very successfully and Manmohan- 36 was his second film as a director in Sagar, equally successful again.

The two became thick friends. Anil Biswas used to call him ‘ Mawali ‘ and Mehboob khan called him ‘ Bangali ‘. Cameraman Faredoon Irani also joined them and three friends enjoyed work and life together in Sagar and in National Studios, till, due to differences of work philosophies, these friends parted ways and Anil Biswas separated from the two others, never to work together ever again in life. They had worked together in 6 films (5 Sagar and 1 National Studios). Mehboob Khan directed 8 films for Sagar and 2 for National Studios. Anil Biswas was MD for 11 Sagar films and 2 films of National.

Film Ek hi Rasta-39 or The Only Way, was the first Multi-Hero film in India. It had 3 Heros and 2 Heroines. Heros were Shaikh Mukhtar, Harish and Arun Ahuja and Heroines were Anuradha and Jyoti. The real name of Anuradha was Khurshid Akhtar (same as Shyama). She was the youngest sister of actresses Miss Zohra and Mushtari. After Miss Zohra separated from her husband Rafiq Ghaznavi, Anuradha had married him. Jyhoti’s real name was Sitara Bai. She was singer actress Wahidan Bai’s younger sister. Nimmi was Wahidan’s daughter- who married singer G M Durrani.

Film Ek hi Rasta was based on two Hollywood films, namely ‘ The road back’-37 and ‘ Seventh Heaven’-37. The second world war had just begun. Mehboob tried to depict the ill effects of war in an artistic way in this film. The main Hero of the film was Arun Ahuja.

Arun Ahuja’s real name was Gulshan Singh Ahuja, a Sikh, born on 26-1-1918 at Gujaranwala (now in Pakistan). After the school education, he joined Mughalpura Engineering college and secured an Engineer’s degree in 1937. During his college life he had won the Best Football player of the year award. Mehboob Khan was on a Talent Hunt in Lahore. From among the 100 and odd candidates, his choice fell on the well built, athletic, dashing and handsome Gulshan. He was selected and brought to Bombay to act in film Ek hi rasta-39, with a screen name of Arun Ahuja. He was variously billed as Aroon, Arun, Aroon Kumar, Arun Ahuja etc.

His first film was an outstandingly successful hit film. Arun got roles in Bhole Bhale-39 and Civil Marriage-40. Later Mehboob khan took him for film Aurat 40, which he directed for National Studios. The versatile actor acted in over 25 films in 6 years, some of his films were Kanchan, Holiday in Bombay, Beti, Nurse, Savera, Return of Toofan Mail, Shankar Parvati, Andhera, Bharthari, Caravan, Amrapali etc. From 1945 onwards he became a Free lancer.

During the film Savera-42, he fell in love with his co-star – Nirmala. They got married on 5-5-1945. After marriage Nirmala (7-6-1928 to 15-6- 1996) completed 4 pending films and stopped working. Her last film Sudhar was released in 1949. In this film also she paired with Arun. Thus her last film also had her life partner. She acted in only 12 films, but she sang 63 songs in 23 films.

Arun Ahuja was in demand. He continued working in films. He set up his own production company – Arun Productions and he produced 2 films. One film Sehra was released in 1948, but the other film ” Jo hai saajan” remained unreleased for some reasons. Film Sehra was also a huge flop. Arun suffered heavy losses. He tried to work in films to compensate it, but now due to competition from new stars, new films were slow to come, so he did not get many films. His last film was Aulad-54. He had to sell all his property, bungalow, cars and jewellery. He shifted from his bungalow in Bandra to a chawl in far off suburb Virar, with his family, in 1962. Here his last son Govinda was born in 1963.

His health deteriorated. Nirmala decided to revive her singing, to help the financial difficulties of the family. . Composer A R Qureshi arranged her stage programme in Calcutta. It went off with tremendous success and offers started pouring in. She became famous as a Thumri singer. She did many jalsas in India and abroad. Their financial position improved. Their son Govinda also became a big star. He bought a house in Juhu and the family shifted to Juhu for the sake of convenience. However, Arun Ahuja continued to stay in Virar. He did not shift to Juhu.

Arun Ahuja died on 4-7-1998, two years after his dear wife’s death on 15-6-1996.

Film Ek hi rasta-39 was a hit film. Though it was a debut film of Arun, the benefit of the film being a hit went to the other Hero- Shaikh Mukhtar. The tall, strong and not so good looking actor had a meaty role in the film.All the sympathy of the audience went to him when he kills the person who accuses him falsely.

The second world war had just begun in 1939. The film, however, tried to stress that no problem is solved with a war. War is not a solution.Of course, wars do not care what films say. The II WW went on till August 1945, when the Germans were defeated and Hitler committed suicide, along with his lover, after marrying her in the last hour of their life. The Japanese had already surrendered. The film’s story has already been provided in one of the song-posts of this film, so I will not repeat it . The duet song was sung by Wahidan Bai and Anil Biswas.

Not much information is available on Waheedan Bai. Her younger sister Sitara Bai aka Jyoti and her own daughter Nawab Banoo aka Nimmi were actresses. Waheedan Bai was from a Tawayef family. Her daughter Nimmi, had always denied this-understandably too, but Waheedan Bai’s name gave away the true story.

Waheedan Bai belonged to a small town Fatehabad, near Agra. Her father’s name was Basheer khan. She was second amongst 4 sisters. The youngest was Sitara Bai aka Jyoti. Waheedan was a trained and good singer, but Tawayafs did not get social status, so she got married early to one Abdul Hakeem from Nasirabad, settled in Meerut. He had met Waheedan in a shrine in Agra, where she recited verses from Koran.

Soon after their marriage, His father, a contractor with Military, died and Hakim inherited the business. He was a novice and was cheated by his manager and they lost everything. The family moved to Calcutta to start a Leather business. Here also he failed. In Calcutta, their neighbour was director A.R.Kardar. Through his wife, Bahar, Kardar was contacted and he gave a small role to him in a film. Here again he got terrified and ran away, at the time of shooting.

Waheedan came forward and after hearing her singing, she was given a song in the film and it was recorded. Meanwhile Chandulal Shah offered her roles in his films. They shifted to Bombay and she joined Ranjit Movietone. Her first film was Toofani Toli-37. Prithvi Putra-38 was the second film. Her songs in her films were liked and became famous.She worked in other films like Prof. Waman, M.Sc.-38, Rikshawala-38, The Secretary-38 and Thokar-39.

She got acquainted with Mehboob Khan and he offered her lead role opposite Surendra in film Alibaba-40, a Sagar Movietone film initially, but later on sold to Ranjit of Chandulal Shah, in a game of gambling. Film Alibaba-40 was made in Hindi and Punjabi. The film songs became very popular. When Sagar merged into National Studios, she worked in film Sanskar-40.

Waheedan contracted T.B. and left films. She acted in only 8 films and sang 26 songs in 11 films-including her 8 films. She died in 1942.( based on information from the book- Sagar movietone by Biren kothari ji and my notes)

Here is the song. This will be only the 3rd song from this film to feature here. There were 12 songs in the film and the singers were Jyoti, Waheedan bai, Anil Biswas, Harish and Arun Ahuja.


Song-Mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya (Ek Hi Raasta)(1939) Singers-Anil Biswas, Wahidan Bai, Lyrics-Pt Indra Chandra, MD-Anil Biswas
Both

Lyrics

mujhe mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
chaahe ghir-ghir aaye badariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi

chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe panchhi na bole
chaahe chandrmaa aankh na khole
chaahe panchhi na bole
unhe dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
dhoondh nikaalegi hamri najariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi ee
unki dagariya
mil jaayegi

dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
dwaar naya chhat nayi naya ghar
ghar ka sab saamaan naya
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
phir bhi sakhi
phir bhi sakhi kahin tikti nahin hai
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya aa aa
vyaakul
vyaakul hamri najariya

mujhe mil jaayegi unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi ee unki dagariya
haan mil jaayegi


What is this blog all about

This blog discusses Bollywood songs of yesteryears. Every song has a brief description, followed by a video link, and complete lyrics of the song.

This is a labour of love, where “new” songs are added every day, and that has been the case for over TWELVE years. This blog has over 16200 song posts by now.

This blog is active and online for over 4000 days since its beginning on 19 july 2008.

Important Announcement

(© 2008 - 2021) atulsongaday.me The content of this site is copyrighted and it may not be reproduced elsewhere without prior consent from the site/ author of the content.

Total number of songs posts discussed

16242

Number of movies covered in the blog

Movies with all their songs covered =1252
Total Number of movies covered =4410

Total visits so far

  • 14,232,886 hits

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 1,934 other followers

Bookmark

Bookmark and Share

Category of songs

Current Visitors

Historical dates

Blog Start date: 19 july 2008

Active for more than 4000 days.

Archives

Stumble

visitors whereabouts

blogadda

blogcatalog

Music Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory
%d bloggers like this: